Issuu on Google+

國立交通大學 建築研究所 碩士論文

都市邊界的邏輯索引 The Logistic Index of Urban Boundary

研 究 生:許家茵 指導教授:龔書章 中華民國一百零二年七月


i


都市邊界的邏輯索引 國立交通大學建築研究所碩士論文 中華民國一百零二年七月 研究生:許家茵 指導教授:龔書章

摘要

建築電訊說都市是一個複雜的有機體,而伊東豐雄更相信都市是一塊各種訊息流竄其中的果 凍,庫哈斯理解紐約曼哈頓是建立在城市中快速流動的慾望與消費生活。城市是由眾多建築體所 構成,而建築又是城市的小型縮影,兩者間的邊界存在一種曖昧關係。從另一個角度來看,建築 與都市間的模糊地帶,是在看待建築基地與城市脈絡的連結關係。就土地所有權而言,基地線劃 分建築邊界;區域邊界進而界定土地使用分區;都市邊界則受山川大道所切割。邊界存在有形與 無形,可視與不可視,倘若更廣泛地定義,甚至可成為更抽象的概念。 人、基地、乃至於都市,三者之間的關係是建築設計的重要議題,三者牽涉到不同尺度的層 級。本論文試圖以這三種不同尺度的邊界作為索引依據,用理性的邏輯分析,將邊界區分為三個 由小到大的尺度索引標籤,分析出現況關係,從中找出處理邊界的方法。 標籤一| 人的感知與活動邊界 人的感知與活動,超越有形邊界,其發生之處也因此形塑出建築與都市間的關係。譬如具 有遮蔽的空間使人感到安定,而開闊的空間驅使人移動;一個眾人站立眺望的觀景處,由安定 與開闊的兩種空間形塑出了邊界。以人的感覺作為思考建築設計的出發點,了解人如何以需 求、知覺與情感理解環境,進而將人與都市以景觀或是動線做連結,如此便能把建築與人的關 係放大到城市尺度。 活動場域界定出了公共空間下的私領域,一群在廣場談話的人,彼此間產生了私密的領域 感。如果將活動場域的不同私密性程度拉展開,把私領域中能與人共享的部份釋放,就有將公 共性極大化的可能,如此建築與都市之間的邊界因為人的活動而被定義出來。 標籤二| 基地的邊界 面對兩個密度截然不同的都市涵構:被縝密巷弄包圍的方正街廓;被巨大高架橋及河岸包 夾的剩餘空間。如何試圖填補這兩種密度的基地邊界:用建築結構的變動性修補都市基盤與都 市的剩餘空間;用人與鄰里的動線串連,活化都市與建築間的介面。 標籤三| 城市的邊界 利用都市的物流系統,在既存的城市紋理中尋找出「沒有基地」的可能性,將建築比喻成 酵母或是原生細胞般的起點,擴展到更大的範圍、廣泛的層次。建築在城市中變成可以擴張到 都市尺度的組件,不再只是單體,而是可以複製或延長的單元。邊界則被都市系統的服務範圍 所界定,城市與建築相互參照彼此相長。 三個標籤從建築個體的角度出發,欲將邊界模糊化,甚至向都市擴張;接著放大到基地涵構 的尺度,希望縫補邊界切割出的斷裂;最後思考如何以都市系統超越城市的邊界。 邏輯(Logistic)不但是理性推演的手法,更是都市系統的物流資訊。都市系統超越任何可見的 邊界,資訊流動不僅限於活動、基地線,也不限有形或無形。邏輯自由不受拘束而且無邊無際, 卻又有跡可尋,備受各種因子影響而不斷變動。邏輯性的索引推演到這裡,期望邊界能跨越各種 標籤,在城市中可以完全消失。城市既是有機體、是資訊流、也是慾望與消費的生活並且不會間 斷的持續變動。

ii


iii


The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary A Thesis Submitted to Graduate Institute of Architecture, National Chiao Tung University in partial fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Architecture Hsinchu, Taiwan July 2013 student: Hsu, Chia-Yin advisor: Kung, Shu-Chang

Abstract The city is constituted by numerous architectures, while building is a small microcosm of the city; there is an ambiguous boundary between the relationships of two. From another perspective, the fuzziness between architecture and city can be seen by discussing the linkage of architectural site and urban context. On land ownership, the line of the site divides buildings; zone boundaries define the land use zoning; the mountains or roads cut urban boundaries. Boundaries exist visible and invisible, tangible or intangible, from more broadly definition, even could become abstract concepts. The relationships between people, the site, and even the city are important issues of architectural design, and involved three different scales. This thesis attempts to take these three different scales of boundaries as the basis of index. With rational and logistic analysis, the boundaries are divided into three tabs from small to large-scale. For the purpose of analysis current relations, and finding the design approach to the boundaries. Tag 1 : Boundary of Human Perception and activity Human perception and activities are beyond the tangible boundaries, their occurrence therefore shape the relationship between architecture and the city. For example, a sheltered space makes people feel calm, and open space thus drives people to move; Both the quality of capaciousness and stability form the feature of boundary from an observation point overlooking the view. One can understand how people comprehend the environment with needs, perceptions and emotions by thinking man’s perception as a starting point of architectural design. Thus, human and the city are linked by connecting the urban landscape and the human circulation. The activities define the private sphere in the public area, for example, a group of people talking on the plaza, the private field is generated by the intimate interaction between people. If we try to separate the different levels of publicness of daily living, there is a possibility to maximize the publicness of private place, then the activity towards the city defines the boundary of architecture and the urban space. Tag 2 : Boundary of Site Two densities of site context differ, one of them is surrounded by dense neighbourhood and small alley, while the other is low-density, pressed from both sides of river and viaduct, the leftover of the city. How to fill these to different situations is an issue. With the flexibility to fit in the leftover, and with the linkage of the neighbourhood to activate the interface of the boundary. Tag 3 : Boundary of City Urban logistics system is used to find the potential site on the excising urban context, by seeking the architecture as yeast or a progenitor cell, and expanding it to a larger level. Architecture is here a component to invade to the urban scale. It is no longer a singular object but a unit that can be arrayed or expanded. The boundary is defined by the service of urban system. The three tabs, starting from an aspect of taking architecture as a singular object, try to fuzzy the boundary and even expand to the city; then zoom out to the scale of site context, no matter what the density is, to fill or fix the boundary of a site. Both of the first two tabs discuss either fuzziness or repairs the boundary, and believe the existence of boundary. The last tab, however, concerns going beyond the boundary. Logistics are not only the method of rational deduction, but also the information of urban system. The logistic system transcends the tangible boundary, not just the activities, or the site, that is free and boundless. On the other hand, it is logical and traceable, constantly changing with the entire factor in the city. The logistic index is now beyond all the tabs. The city itself is an organism, the flow of information, and the consumption of daily living. The boundary can disappear, and withstand on the mobility. iv


CONTENT

Abstract| 摘要

.....................................................................................i-iv

Tag 1 Human Boundary| 標籤一 Boundary of Perceive Keelung Harbour Terminal

人的邊界

.....................................................................03

Boundary of Activity Urban Courtyardism ...............................................................................17

Tag 2 Site Boundary| 標籤二

基地的邊界

A Site On The Infrastructure Taiwan Architecture Centre ....................................................................31 A Site On The Path Taipei City Museum

...............................................................................39

Tag 3 Urban Boundary| 標籤三

都市邊界

The Urban System Component Logistic Farming ....................................................................................57

Conclusion| 結論

................................................................................79

Appendix| 附錄 Resume

................................................................................................83


標籤一 人的邊界 Tag 1 Human Boundary 人的感知與活動,超越有形邊界,其發生之處也因此形塑出建築與都市 間的關係。譬如具有遮蔽的空間使人感到安定,而開闊的空間驅使人移動;一 個眾人站立眺望的觀景處,由安定與開闊的兩種空間形塑出了邊界。以人的感 覺作為思考建築設計的出發點,了解人如何以需求、知覺與情感理解環境,進 而將人與都市以景觀或是動線做連結,如此便能把建築與人的關係放大到城市 尺度。 活動場域界定出了公共空間下的私領域,一群在廣場談話的人,彼此間 產生了私密的領域感。如果將活動場域的不同私密性程度拉展開,把私領域中 能與人共享的部份釋放,就有將公共性極大化的可能,如此建築與都市之間的 邊界因為人的活動而被定義出來。

Boundary Of Perceive Keelung Harbour Terminal 邊界議題|人的感知 邊界厚度 活動型態|靜止 等待 連結手法|視線連結都市的空白 城市的景作為等待轉運的背景 Boundary Of Activity Urban Courtyardism 邊界議題|人的活動場域 活動型態|例行的日常生活 連結手法|極大化公共性與私密性

01


02


BOUNDARY OF PERCEIVE KEELUNG HARBOUR TERMINAL 邊界議題|人的感知 邊界厚度 活動型態|靜止 等待 連結手法|視線連結都市的空白 城市的景作為等待的背景 Academic Project_ Optional Studio, 2011 Autumn Personal Work Adviser_劉嘉驊 Chia-Hua Liu, 郭宗倫 Chung-Lun Kuo Exhibition_交通大學建築展:宅 [Yearly Exhibition] Re-habilitation, NCTU, 2012/03 Type_Bus and Cruises Terminal Location_Keelung Harbour Site Area_6053.55m2

03


人的邊界感知

邊界厚度

基地的肌理

人在穿越邊界的時候,感知會因為

基地是一個臨港並且被繁忙的交通

肌理是一個潛在的規則,例如木頭

周圍大的變動而被強化。懸崖、河堤、山

與平靜的港灣包夾的帶狀區域,水是可見

的肌理是因為需要盡可能長高以獲取最

麓,或甚至是高密度住宅與公園綠地間的

且有形的邊界,是不同於高密度基隆的一

多光照,因此以木質纖維同一方向的堆積

轉換,不管是視覺、嗅覺、聽覺、觸覺上,

塊留白。憑欄眺望,這塊留白給了人開放

達成垂直強度,若是以不同生長方向的外

時常讓我們察覺到不同以往的感受,這

的視野,背對著繁忙的基隆面向港灣,瞬

力破壞,會造成不一樣的裂縫。本案試圖

時候我們的感官是被放大而敏感的,另

間安靜下來的城市邊緣,視線開展拉遠。

用人的視線感知,作為找出基地肌理的

一方面來說,邊界因為人的感知不同而被

不再只是一個俐落的邊界,人本能的視覺

依據,從肌理與外力關係指認出海與陸

定義出來。

感知在眺望時給了這個都市邊界一個厚

間的裂縫。這個裂縫是研究人的視覺感

度,成為人在等待轉運時的場景。

知,在有厚度的邊界上而得。海與陸的裂 縫,是一個新定義出來的邊界,建立在人 的視覺連結上面。

04


05 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary

OR ER

H

B AR INN

T OU

ER

R HA

BO

R

FIS

R HE

R HA

R BO

i ABOUT KEELUNG HARBOUR


BOUNDARY OF PERCEIVE/ KEELUNG HARBOUR TERMINAL

TAB 1 HUMAN BOUNDARY

human settlement

THE THICKNESS OF THE BOUNDARY 基隆被群山環抱,由於地形起伏,城市集中於平緩之處,包圍港 灣。鄰近港灣的道路也因此是棋盤系統。車流駛入港區,好像要撞 進海中。這個以機能見稱的都市,是一個巨大的轉運中心。旅客的 轉乘、貨櫃的流通,使得這裡既在群山環抱與安靜的海邊,亦是交 織著吞吐極大交通系統的城市。所有關於機能的基盤建設都圍繞著

terrain

港灣。在港灣憑欄眺望,有非常開闊的視野,海的安靜與城市的繁 忙並存,港灣的海水替基隆留了一大片白,沒有被繁忙吞噬。 基地位於陸路交通的火車站與海陸交通的基隆內港過渡帶。對 於城市來說,他是城市有形而可視的邊緣,所有道路撞進海邊,就 消失在基地。在基隆的邊緣,擁擠與繁忙因為港灣被拉遠到一個眺 望的距離。從基地的邊界眺望,這個界線雖然俐落的將陸地與海水

road system

切開,卻因為港灣地形的關係,似乎存在一個厚度。這個厚度不可 言說,由人的感官所構成,因為站在繁忙與悠閒的交界眺望而產生, 是很原始本能的感受。 在基隆港的盲尾看大船入港,看外港裝卸貨櫃的吊裝結構,看 遠方像血管一樣運輸著繁忙的車流。在這麼勤奮工作的基隆港等待 眺望,因為繁忙的反差使得更視線敏銳了起來。

rail track

use zoning

OUTER HARBOR FISHER HARBOR

INNER HARBOR

harbor shore

INNER HARBOR

06


ii REPRESENTATION MODEL

THE TWO SIDES 木頭的紋路有其生長方向,他肌理的排列使 得不同的切面有完全不一樣的狀態。木頭的切面 從兩個不同的角度觀看完全不一樣。塑料在經過 變形,片狀的疊加則會使得光線從不同的角度進 入有完全不一樣的透明度。用排列的方式把這樣 的感知強化。

07 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary


BOUNDARY OF PERCEIVE/ KEELUNG HARBOUR TERMINAL

TAB 1 HUMAN BOUNDARY

08


ii THE FIBBER

THE SITE FIBBER ANALYSIS parallel to the surface

進一步討論木頭的肌理,除了視覺上排列的不同以外,他的排列也造成不同切面截然 不同的力學表現。破壞不同切面的木塊,施力與木質的肌理相交的角度與裂紋最後的行為

vertical to the surface

有很大的關係,基本上有很清晰的規則可循,也可以簡單的假定。 憑欄眺望,找出基地周圍可能的視線焦點,把穿過基地的視線錐(view cone)設定為 基地中看不見的肌理,可以用木頭肌理的邏輯找出基地中隱藏的裂紋(crack),作為分析 wood fiber

parallel

force

dectruction

wood fiber parallel to the surface

基地邊界的方式。都市位於海與路的交界處,以此定義基地之中海與陸的分區。

vertical

∠= 10°

wood fiber vertical to the surface

∠= 60°

∠= 0°

∠= 90°

∠= 40° ∠= 15°

the angle between breaking force and wood fiber

parallel

∠= 0°

∠= 0°

vertical

∠= 0°

∠= 15°

∠= 0° ∠= 15° ∠= 0° ∠= 15°

∠= 0°

∠= 60° ∠= 0° ∠= 60° ∠= 0° ∠= 60° ∠= 0°

∠= 90°

the angle between destruction and wood fiber

parallel

∠= 0°

∠= 0°

vertical

∠= 0°

∠= 15°

∠= 0° ∠= 15° ∠= 0° ∠= 15°

∠= 0°

destruction x wood fiber 09 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary

∠= 60° ∠= 0° ∠= 60° ∠= 0° ∠= 60° ∠= 0°

∠= 90°


BOUNDARY OF PERCEIVE/ KEELUNG HARBOUR TERMINAL

TAB 1 HUMAN BOUNDARY

10


iii STRATEGY

PARKING

BAZZAR

PREPARING OFFICE STORAGE

AUDITORIUM

INFORMATION BUS STOP

LOBBY

EXHIBITION

THEATER PIER

FERRY TICKET WAITING

SHOP

FORCE

FIBER IN THE SITE

view cone pier exhibition

bazzar

CRACK

information

wall

auditorium

ferry ticket

theater

pedestrian flow

ZONING

column car flow

furniture

11 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary

lobby

LAND SIDE

OCEAN SIDE bazzar food

book waitingvendor green room

parking storage preparing office green

bus


BOUNDARY OF PERCEIVE/ KEELUNG HARBOUR TERMINAL

TAB 1 HUMAN BOUNDARY

iTHE CITY FIBBER HUMAN SENSE 利用人在等待時靜下來的感知,分析基隆港海陸轉運站的空間,定義各空間的屬性。對於 在轉運站等船與公車的旅客來說,這裡是陸路交通的火車站與海陸交通的基隆內港過渡帶。 做為海陸交通工具的搭乘處,他是一個轉換點,也就是說他是進入基隆的入口、同時也是基隆 的出口。從人的感知出發,指認出基地中隱藏的幾個元素如下: a. 基地中的肌理 b. 施力所產生的裂紋 c. 海洋與陸地兩種性質的program分區 12


iv DEPARTURE AND ARRIVAL

14 06 05

02 01

04

12

07

03

15 07

08

12

12

10 09

11

11

13 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary

11


BOUNDARY OF PERCEIVE/ KEELUNG HARBOUR TERMINAL

TAB 1 HUMAN BOUNDARY

13

13

B1 PLAN

2F PLAN

3F B1 PLAN

01 TOURIST CENTER 02 OFFICE 03 BUS WAITING 04 INFORMATION 05 VENDOR MARKET 06 TOUR BUS PARKING 07 EXHIBITION 08 OUT DOOR THEATRE 09 FERRY TICKET 10 FERRY WAITING ROOM 11 RETAIL 12 W.C. 13 AUDITORIUM 14 PARKING 15 LANDSCAPE PLAZA

KEELUNG HARBOUR TERMINAL PLAN

14


iv DEPARTURE AND ARRIVAL

05 01 TOURIST CENTRE

06 VENDOR MARKET

02 BUS WAITING

07 EXHIBITION

03 INFORMATION

08 RETAIL

04 AUDITORIUM

09 FERRY WAITING

05 THEATRE

10 PIER

01

04 02

06

03

10 07

Train Station

Ocean Plaza

08

15 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary

09


BOUNDARY OF PERCEIVE/ KEELUNG HARBOUR TERMINAL

TAB 1 HUMAN BOUNDARY

16


BOUNDARY OF ACTIVITY URBAN COURTYARDISM 邊界議題|人的活動場域 活動型態|例行的日常生活 連結手法|極大化公共性與私密性 Competition Project_ 2011 Summer Group Work_collaborate with 蘇薇晨 Wei-Chen Su, 鄭惠馨 Hui-Hsin Cheng, 鄧宇哲 Yu-Che Teng Exhibition_交通大學建築展:宅 [Yearly Exhibition] Re-habilitation, NCTU, 2012/03 Type_Housing Location_Taipei City Site Area_2400m2/ 2400m2/ 2400m2 (3 street blocks, 30m x 80m) Floor Area Ratio_ 100%/ 200%/ 400% Building Size_ 1F (16 units)/ 4F (32 units)/ 12F(64 units)

17


人與人之間的活動邊界

都市住宅的公共性極大

視線感知而得的邊界僅限於個人,此案則將邊界的討論擴張

新定義出來的住宅原形,公共性可以放大到極大,因為人的

到人與人之間的社交關係。邊界在這裡指生活場域的抽象界線,

活動,基地的限制被破除了,或是也可以看成是把公共性大的活

也就是把「院」定義為活動的場所,活動的發生會產生邊界,包覆

動場所向前挺進到都市之中,與都市交織在一起;在這同時,住

進行活動的人。傳統合院建築的合院空間是一個主體性很強的元

宅也可以具有極大的私密性,需要隱私的空間被重重包覆起來,

素,他涵蓋了一個家庭中各種活動以及社交的需要,是發生活動

向內成為一個內省的宇宙。建築與都市之間的界線在這裡既無形

的場域。但是在現代的都市生活中因為空間的壓縮,家庭中的成

且不可視,是被人日常的活動所界定,甚至會由於人的不同使用

員似乎失去了這樣可以活動的彈性空間。本案試圖找出都市住宅

使用而出現形變與時效性。

中的各種空間機能,將之碎化後,再根據其公私密性強度的不同 程度予以重組,用人生活機能的公共與私密性不同重新定義院。

18


i ABOUT LIVING

TRADITIONAL COURTYARD CULTURE

THE FURNITURE FORMS ACTIVITIES

傳統合院建築的空間層次顯示出家族成員之間的階級劃定,在家

傳統合院的空間型態,是向心性的,為動線上為每一間房進出必

族中的地位越高者居住在合院較內部的空間,其空間私密性也較高;

經的公共空間,因此許多隨機未經計畫、具有彈性的活動便會在這裡

而合院中間圍塑出的虛空間成為公共空間,各種家庭活動都在此發

發生。院子是一個模糊的空間,搬張板凳就是起居室,搬張躺椅就是

生,家族成員亦藉著共同活動來凝聚家族之間的向心力,除此之外,

一個午覺的好地方,農忙時又可以充當晒榖場。

因為合院是向外部的動線必經之處,對於左鄰右舍來說,合院的私密 程度既非全然的公共空間,也不是全無可及性。自己家的院子是一個 歡迎搬張板凳來坐坐,串門子的地方,舊社會的人情味在這裡體現出 來。

都市的居家生活其實很簡單,不外乎吃飯、睡覺、社交、起居。這 些日常生活中的事件,經常是重複性的,並且可以關連並指涉到特定 的空間設定。這些空間設定與空間物件有非常重大的關聯。譬如說一 組餐桌置放在空間中,就產生全家人一起吃晚餐的可能性;一張床靠 著牆壁擺著,他就可以是睡覺的空間。關於現代人的生活的場景,吃 飯就是餐廳,工作就是書房,社交就是起居室,睡覺就是臥房的成規, 也許使得都會生活的家人之間,少了隨機性的活動發生。

19 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary


BOUNDARY OF ACTIVITY/ URBAN COUTYARDISM

TAB 1 HUMAN BOUNDARY

private

working

social

eating

cleaning

sleeping

20


ii BOUNDARY OF ACTIVITY

PUBLIC OR PRIVATE?

TRADITIONAL COURTYARD

現今社會逐漸發展成核心家庭的情況下,家庭成員減少,使階級

NEW URBAN COURTYARD

劃定的關係變得薄弱,唯有對空間私密性的需求仍保留。如果仔細去 看日常生活中的活動,依照需要的私密性程度,可以把生活看做各個 不同層次,社交的起居空間可以有大的開放性,與鄰居互相照看;吃飯 的餐廳則是家庭成員中互動的場所;睡覺的臥房則是屬於自己的封閉 空間。 到底是公共空間還是私密空間,端看活動的本質而決定,一旦生 活的開放性被界定下來,私密空間被包覆隱藏之後,公共性可以放大 到極大,私密性則保有其封閉的特質。

FLEXIBLE SPACE 將生活中可以發生社交活動的場域定義為彈性空間,也就是被定 義為「院」的空間,活動在這裡進行,家庭成員在這裡碰見、交流。 依據空間機能的私密性強弱排出新的合院原型,因為不像傳統和

private

院有足夠的土地以進的方式,線性增加主體,所以以院包院的方式創

private

造更多中庭空間供人聚集活動.以滿足一戶家庭基本空間需求為主。 依據各空間機能的私密性強弱分為四個層級排列,合院最外圍的空間 和街廓的動線相接,故空間私密性最低,越往合院內部的空間其私密 性會逐漸提高,而每層級空間旋轉後會圍出新的公共空間提供家族成 員或家庭之間的活動使用。 從都市尺度來說,彈性空間因為其公私之間的模糊性,因此可以 釋放最大的公共空間到都市,最外圍的牆與街廓的交角把人的移動拋 到都市之中,或是把建築的公共空間滲透到都市,在密度100%的每個 合院單元包含兩戶家庭。

BATHES BEDS KITCHEN BED

BATH CLOSET

KITCHENS

EVENTS APPEAR

21 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary

CLOSETS


BOUNDARY OF ACTIVITY/ URBAN COUTYARDISM

TAB 1 HUMAN BOUNDARY

EVENTS APPEAR

URBAN COURTYARD IN CITY SCAPE

housing unit

Taipei city typical street fabric

courtyard insert

courtyard housing unit

in the street block

in the street block

(30 x 80 square m)

3

3 5

5 4

6

2

4

6

2

6

6

6

6 2

2 5

3

4

1

3

1

4

1

4

3

1

3 5

5

4

1 alley

4 living space

2 semi public space

5 bath

3 dining

6 bed room

2

NEW URBAN COURTYARD DENSITY 100% UNIT PLAN 22


iii DENSITY

3 DENSITY STRATEGY 3 DENSITY STRATEGY DENSITY 100% 16 family 1 story DENSITY 100% 16 family 1 story

DENSITY 200% 32 family 4 story DENSITY 200% 32 family 4 story

當街廓裡的住宅密度增加後,以合院空間層級出發的概念

8 units 8 units

single unit

2 family 1 story

不變,但空間私密性的強弱轉向垂直向度。位於合院一樓的空

single unit

2 family 1 story

私密性也隨著增加,各樓層之間圍出新的平台成為半公共空間,

間和街廓動線連接,其空間私密性較低,越往高層發展則空間 並不完全開放到都市,而是提供合院裡的居民活動。密度200% 的每一個合院單元包含四戶家庭。

8 units

single unit 4 family 4 story

8 units

single unit 4 family 4 story

在高密度的街廓裡,住宅單元往垂直和水平方向發展,大型 公共空間亦隨之增加,大樓內的住宅單元沿著公共空間和動線 開展,而越往核心的空間私密性越高;至於公共空間也有層級之 分,和街廓道路鄰近的公共空間為開放空間,越難到達的公共 空間其私密性會逐漸增加,整體大樓內的空間層級關係隨動線

DENSITY 400% 64 family 12 story 400% DENSITY 64 family 12 story

的深入清晰可辨,衍伸出新的合院秩序。

16 units

12 family 12 story

16 units

12 family 12 story

DENSITY 400% 64 family 12 story 400% DENSITY 64 family 12 story

23 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary


BOUNDARY OF ACTIVITY/ URBAN COUTYARDISM

DENSITY 100% 16 family 1 story

TAB 1 HUMAN BOUNDARY

DENSITY 200% 32 family 4 story

24


iii DENSITY 200%

6 6 6 6

5 5 4 4 4

5

5

4

3 3 3 3

1

2 2

1

1

2 2

1 terrace 2 semi public space 3 dining 4 living space 5 bath 6 bed room

25 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary


BOUNDARY OF ACTIVITY/ URBAN COUTYARDISM

TAB 1 HUMAN BOUNDARY

01

NEW URBAN COURTYARD DENSITY 2 UNIT PLAN

01 density 200% inner court from 3F 02 density 200% inner court from 1F 03 density 200% dinning

6

02 03

6

6

6

5

5

4 4

4

4

5

5

3 3

3

3

1 2

2 1

1 2

2

26


iii DENSITY 400%

5 5

1

3

5

4 5

2

6

1

3

4 2

1 terrace 2 semi public space 3 dining 4 living space 5 bed room 6 inner court

27 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary

6


BOUNDARY OF ACTIVITY/ URBAN COUTYARDISM

TAB 1 HUMAN BOUNDARY

5

5

3

2 5 4 5

6

3

2

4

6

28


標籤二 基地的邊界 Tag 2 Site Boundary 城市中紛擾雜沓的資訊與各種不同層次的底質就像是營養充沛的培養基, 而各種建築、建設、貨物的流動以及人的通勤既是生之其上的有機綜合體,攀升 到衛星攝影的高度鳥瞰,一切又像是壓扁在培養基上的養分。就這樣層層疊疊, 新的在舊的之上,變成舊的之後又再次成為供給未來的養分。若將理解城市的態 度,視為一個有如「盤」一般的存在,如何把這個全部壓扁在一個平面上的訊 息,依照不一樣的機能與不一樣的討論層次,重新再拉開,梳理出關係以便尋找 「邊界」,也就是正在處理建築與都市之間的模糊地帶。面對兩個密度截然不同 的都市涵構:被縝密巷弄包圍的方正街廓;被巨大高架橋及河岸包夾的剩餘空 間。如何試圖填補這兩種密度的基地邊界:用建築結構的變動性修補都市基盤與 都市的剩餘空間;用人與鄰里的動線串連,活化都市與建築間的介面。 在相對來說緻密的都市紋理中,建築的基地線經常是需要遷就於所有權,很 多情況下既存的複雜人文事實是被犧牲的,因此會見到斷裂的地景,或是荒唐的 對比,若是每當需要建造新的建築,就將城市中的人為事實抹去的話,許多代代 相傳的價值便會消失,所以梳理分析出都市中的基質,予以指認並建立其上,是 將建築緊扣在城市上的方式。對我來說,這像是一個消除基地的過程,建築如何 建立在既存的紋理中,並且又能創造出新的價值,和環境密織在一起,如何走出 那個框框邁向城市,擁抱城市的基質和盤中的養分。相反地,對於基盤建設所留 下的剩餘空間,建築如何用可變性軟化僵硬的殘餘空白,是一個逢補與破除邊界 的過程。

A Site On The Infrastructure Taiwan Architecture Centre 邊界議題|孤立的基盤剩餘空間 密度型態|極低密度涵構 連結手法|分區活動目的 建築的變動對比基盤的穩固 A Site On The Path Taipei City Museum 邊界議題|路徑串連 密度型態|被均質縝密的基地涵構包圍 連結手法|動線連結促成城市活動

29


30


THE SITE ON THE INFRASTRUCTURE TAIWAN ARCHITECTURE CENTRE 邊界議題|孤立的基盤剩餘空間 密度型態|極低密度涵構 連結手法|分區活動目的 建築的變動對比基盤的穩固 Competition Project_ 2012 Summer Group Work_collaborate with 陳乃中 David Chen, 李宸安Cheng-An Lee, 許宏瑋 Hon-Wei Hsu Exhibition_交通大學建築展:建築星空 [Yearly Exhibition] Flashmob, NCTU, 2013/03 Type_Museum Location_Taipei City Site Area_2400m2

31


都市基盤_超低密度涵構 除了個人感知與社交活動定義出的基地邊界,這個濱河基 地的有形邊界是不可忽視的存在,被巨大的基盤建設以及河川

建築中心 對於典藏與觀念的傳播,還有建築創作靈感激發的瞬間,各 式各樣的活動有不同可動性的對應。

夾擊,正因為這高架橋巨大好似萬里長城,又將地塊逼到河濱, 是密度極低的基地涵構。沒有外界干擾,完全被隔離有如伊甸園 一般的場景。堅固的高架橋穩穩的立足於土地,在這個巨大基盤 下的空間,是機械時代下紀念碑的殘餘,幾乎算不上一個基地, 而是由基盤的邊界所包夾出來的虛體。對比基盤相對永恆遺跡 式的存在,建築是有更高變動性的物件,用可動與彈性回應基盤 的剩餘空間,作為填補與修復基盤剩餘的虛體。

32


1973

1983

1973 2010

1983 20??

2010

20??

linkage

structure established on the existing infrastructure adjustable structure flexible skin reformed by the structure

exhibition

filling the urban leftover

ADMINISTRATION

being seen from the flow on bridge

slidable units

EDUCATION

river-side scenery

linkage exhibition

filling the urban leftover

EXHIBITION ADMINISTRATION

being seen from the flow on bridge

slidable units

COLLECTION

structure established on the existing infrastructure structure established on the existing infrastructure adjustable structure slidable storing units flexible skin reformed by the structure

filling the urban leftover

EDUCATION

river-side scenery structure established on the existing infrastructure filling the urban leftover

EXHIBITION 33 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary

COLLECTION

slidable storing units


THE SITE ON THE INFRASTRUCTURE/ TAIWAN ARCHITECTURE CENTRE

TAB 2 SITE BOUNDARY

EDUCATION

COLLECTION

EXHIBITION EDUCATION

偉大的建築拯救了城市,經濟,社會,藝術,人文,這份建築神話 已經在現代主義時代的結束隨而宣告終結,取而代之的是被金字塔的

ADMINISTRATION COLLECTION

尖端供奉信仰,英雄主義之下的昂貴建築,建築對於社會入世的使命 消失了,只剩下徒有宏偉的紀念碑,或是由大量金錢堆砌起來的明星 建築,甚至是明星建築園區。市井小民沒有足夠的資金奉養神話,無 法獨有這些建築。

EXHIBITION

然而意義非凡的紀念碑,也在被高架橋的夾擊之下失去神話性, 建築的永恆性備受挑戰。建築中心提供的應該是建築創作靈感激發的 瞬間,是不斷轉變而且活躍的。 STRATEGY

ADMINISTRATION

將建築中心的空間依照不同的性質區分成四個簇群: a. 展覽空間 b. 典藏空間 c. 教育、工作坊 d. 服務動線 不同的簇群有不同的變動性,相較於基盤建設,建築是輕而有彈 性,可變動的物件。

34


01 RECEPTION 02 PERMANENT EXHIBITION

10 MEETING

03 TENPORARY EXHIBITION

11 ARCHIVE

04 LIBRARY

12 STORAGE

05 MEDIA CENTER

13 CAFE

06 STUDIO

14 RESTORATION

07 AMPHITHEATER

15 ELEVATOR

08 WORKSHOP

16 WC

09 OFFICE

17 PARKING

07

SECTION A-A’

35 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary

SITE PLAN/ 8m

08

02

03


THE SITE ON THE INFRASTRUCTURE/ TAIWAN ARCHITECTURE CENTRE

TAB 2 SITE BOUNDARY

B

A

17

06 05

07

16

14 08

04

12

11

13 01

02 15

15

16

03

10

09

B’ A’

SECTION B-B’

36


37 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary


THE SITE ON THE INFRASTRUCTURE/ TAIWAN ARCHITECTURE CENTRE

TAB 2 SITE BOUNDARY

38


THE SITE ON THE PATH TAIPEI CITY MUSEUM 邊界議題|路徑串連 密度型態|被均質縝密的基地涵構包圍 連結手法|動線連結促成城市活動 Academic Project_ Optional Studio, 2012 Spring Personal Work Adviser_石靜慧 Erin C. Shih Type_ Museum Location_Taipei City Site Area_6053.55m2

39


路徑

邊界

不同於前案基地極低密度的都市涵構,這是被緻密的舊都市紋

我們既已有一座稱之台北的城市,為何需要有一座台北的城市博

理包圍的地方,許多小尺度的巷弄撞進這個基地,具有台北迷人的生

物館?走入城市其中,不帶任何色彩與立場地在裡面晃遊,才是了解

活場景。大街道由都市規劃劃定而切割,小巷弄則是生活的延伸,舊

一座城市最好的方法。博物館應該要視為都市涵構的延伸,對於台

都市的路徑有珍貴的意義,是鄰里生活的共同記憶,無論生老病死,

北城市博物館的想像,就像台北古城阡陌交織的水系一樣,散布在

都沿著小巷而發生,是人為的事實。試圖找出鄰里居民各種活動的路

各個地方,告訴我們如何觀看這座城市,該用什麼樣的姿態在其中晃

徑,與博物館的參觀動線與機能做串連,將不同的人引進到基地,沿

遊,是一些灑落在城市中的線索,提示你該如何在城市迷路、找路、

著路徑安排活動。

然後認識他。

40


i THE CUBE

THE CUBE OF TAIPEI 台北的六面體操作,六個不同面向代表台北的不同角度,這些特質都是在台北 ASPECT

INITIAL STATUS

的巷弄中漫遊的經驗。由四個錐體包起來的物件,每個面向包含一個巷弄中的特 質,全部攤開來是個別的扁平片段,但是當四個面向的全部折起來以後,就是一個 萬花筒,各個顏色經過濾鏡的折射以後,投射出來的是台北在我眼中的映像。

VIEW

FILTER

VIEW

VIEW FROM ASPECT VIEW

41 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary

1 後巷、縫隙

4 生活場景、故事

2 移動、機動性、網絡

5 氣味、記憶、信仰

3 氣候、濕度、傘

6 紋理


THE SITE ON THE PATH/ TAIPEI CITY MUSEUM

TAB 2 SITE BOUNDARY

FOUR SOLID ASPECTS

NO. 1

NO. 4

NO. 4

NO. 5

NO. 2

FOUR SOLID ASPECTS (fugure)

NO. 5

NO. 2

NO. 1

TWO VOID ASPECTS

42


i THE CUBE

STUDY 1

Solid Solid Tranceparent Meterial 1 Meterial 2 Meterial 3

Meterial 1+3

view from SUFACES

Meterial 2+3

view from EDGES

view from POINTS

STUDY 2

view from SUFACES

view from EDGES

view from POINTS

STUDY 3

FILTER

view from SUFACES

43 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary

view from EDGES

view from POINTS


THE SITE ON THE PATH/ TAIPEI CITY MUSEUM

TAB 2 SITE BOUNDARY

44


ii THE PATH a. NEIGHBORHOOD 160 m

1 SCHOOL KIDS ROUTE

F

E

B

G

A H

I

G

D

G

C

2 GROCERY ROUTE

3 ELDER ROUTE

b. VISITOR original path

4 CITIZEN WEEKEND ATTRACTION

path through site

5 TOURIST

activity insert

a. NEIGHBORHOOD

b. VISITOR

ROUTE 1 ROUTE 2 ROUTE 3 ROUTE 4 ROUTE 5

-40m

-12m 45 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary

-16m

-16m

-12m


THE SITE ON THE PATH/ TAIPEI CITY MUSEUM

TAB 2 SITE BOUNDARY

3F lifted sigh t to

enjoy the

2L exhibition gat

her alone

old city sc

ape

the circula tion

GL activitie & plaza gather alo ne the pat h THE PATH 試圖指認出基地周遭具有氛圍的小巷弄,利用

BOUNDAR Y linking po tential alle y opening p ath to the neighbor

量體與動線的配置串連周圍的量弄。將可能的活動 沿著動線置入,聚集來到基地的人。 PEOPE ACCROSS THE SITE

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

觀光客 從捷運站下來,步行到城市博物館,沿著動線參觀 常設的展覽,漸漸地深入到社區裡面。 小學生

MRT STATION

下課可以從天橋越過馬路,躺在草地上睡覺,或是 參加社區媽媽開的才藝班。 居民(主婦) 特展展覽室深入到社區中,走路到市場買菜,可以 順便看個特展。 居民(老人) 陽光的午後,緩緩散步到陽光的公園,有些人已經 在唱著戲。 OLD DADAOCHENG

-12m

-6 m

-4 m

-3 m

-2 m 46


ACTIVITIES SCENARIO

F

E G

A core (office) B auditorium C cafe D workshop E exhibition

H

I

D

C

A

B G

G

F

E

F recovering G plaza H library I stage

47 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary

G

H

I

D

C

A

G

F

E

B G

out door opera

G

H

I

D

C

cafe

A

B G

G


THE SITE ON THE PATH/ TAIPEI CITY MUSEUM

F

E G

H

I

D

C

A

G

workshop

F

E

B G

G

H

I

D

C

A

library

G

F

E

B G

G

H

I

D

TAB 2 SITE BOUNDARY

C

A

G

F

E

B G

weekend bazzar

G

H

I

D

C

A

B G

G

lecture for neighbors

48


01

02

11 10 08

14

GENERAL EXHIBITION

13

07

SPECIAL EXHIBITION COLLECTION

LIBRARY COURTYARD

04

06

03

01 RECEPTION 02 TEMPORARY EXHIBITION 03 LIBRARY 04 AUDITORIUM 05 WORKSHOP 06 OFFICE 07 CAFE 08 SHOP 09 CLOSET 10 ELEVATOR 11 WC 12 PARKING 13 PLAZA 14 STAGE 15 PERMANENT EXHIBITION

12

09

05

13

07 AUDITORIUM

13

ENERAL EXHIBITION COLLECTION OFFICE FOOD

ECTION 5

10

25

A-A’ SECTION

15

49 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary

ENTRANCE + LOBBY

TAIPAI CITY MUSEUM


THE SITE ON THE PATH/ TAIPEI CITY MUSEUM

TAB 2 SITE BOUNDARY

A’

A’

07

15 B’

11

B’

15 15 06

06 02 B

02 02

02

B

15

15

2FLPLAN

3FL PLAN A

A

GENERAL EXHIBITION SPECIAL EXHIBITION LIBRARY COURTYARD

COLLECTION AUDITORIUM

B-B’ SECTION

50 ENERAL EXHIBITION


STRUCTURE

51 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary

PROGRAM

CIRCULATION


THE SITE ON THE PATH/ TAIPEI CITY MUSEUM

old neighbourhood

the path

TAB 2 SITE BOUNDARY

elementary school

GROUND FLOOR CONTEXT

52


01

03

02

04

01 School Kids Path 02 Tourist Path Meets Neighbour Path 03 Lobby View 04 Exhibition

53 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary


THE SITE ON THE PATH/ TAIPEI CITY MUSEUM

TAB 2 SITE BOUNDARY

54


標籤三 都市邊界 Tag 3 Urban Boundary 前面兩個標籤不論是想要將邊界模糊或者是予以修補,都在討論不同尺度的 邊界,但是在最後一個索引標籤,思考如何以都市系統超越城市的邊界。利用都 市的物流系統,在既存的城市紋理中尋找出「沒有基地」的可能性,將建築比喻 成酵母或是原生細胞般的起點,擴展到更大的範圍、廣泛的層次。建築在城市中 變成可以擴張到都市尺度的組件,不再只是單體,而是可以複製或延長的單元。 邊界則被都市系統的服務範圍所界定,城市與建築相互參照彼此相長。 邏輯不但是理性推演的手法,更是都市系統的物流資訊,都市系統超越任何 可見的邊界,資訊的流動不只局限於人的活動、建築的基地線,也不限城市的有 形與無形邊界,他是自由而且無邊無際,卻又有跡可尋,備受各種因子的影響而 不斷變動。邊界能跨越各種標籤,在這裡完全的消失,建立在移動之下。

Urban System Component Logistic Farming 邊界議題|物流系統的區域性服務 連結手法|物流系統連結都市組件

55


URBAN SYSTEM COMPONENT LOGISTIC FARM 邊界議題|物流系統的區域性服務 連結手法|都市組件 Academic Project_ Optional Studio, 2012 Autumn Personal Work Adviser_長友大輔 Daisuke Nakatomo, 詹明旎 Minnie Jan Type_Facade System Location_Xing-Yi District (Taipei City)

57


物流系統的區域服務

都市組件

物流系統將貨品分配在都市中,各種隱藏的資訊與秩序往

都市組件是一個可以變動的框架,隨著條件不同可以跟著

往隱含其中。這背後隱藏的是一個複雜的系統,此系統與都市

改變。本案試圖從物流系統的網路出發,找出都市組件的原

的道路、使用分區、產業結構、人口密度以及活動交織地密不

型,以建立在物流系統之上的蔬果農場作為框架的本體,試圖

可分,也因為這巨大相織的都市系統,複雜且因應時勢有如生

改變台北市信義區在物流時代下的都市地景。

物體般的變動著,才得以將商品準確地分配到各個末端,倉庫 往往在都會邊緣,下游因為在土地昂貴的都會中心,因此也滿 足了低庫存率的需要。物流車在由郊區的分配中心出發以前, 即將所有運送路徑上所需的貨品打包起來,因此一台卡車所運 送供給的順序與路徑,就是一個區域邊界的劃定。這個邊界像 是網路一樣,不可視且無形,複雜準確又有效率,而且標示著 產業結構與土地使用的線索,同時又與物流系統彼此影響,互 相參照。

58


i THE CONVENIENT STORE

YOUR NEIGHBOURHOOD REFRIDGRATER_7-11 台北有全世界密度最高的便利超商分布,可想而知,其背後所支 撐的既存物流系統既複雜又龐大,因應各種資訊在都市中的消長關

台,關於商品背後的資訊都被標註在標籤中,必須經過消費者自行的 閱讀與篩選,前往鄰近的商店消費就像是翻閱手邊的商品目錄一樣, 競逐與貨比三家在同樣的平台,散佈在都會中密密麻麻的便利商店。

係,即時而準確地變動著。便利商店「就在巷口」,以及24 a day, 7 days a week的概念,讓他在都市生活中變成像是「社區冰箱」,忙 碌的雙薪家庭也許不再需要每周一次的大型採買,因為便利商店就是 每個忙碌家庭的社區冰箱,也因此重新定義了生活圈的範圍。 便利商店的營業地點散落在都市各個地方,因為只租用建築的地 面層,二樓以上大半是住宅。拜物流系統之賜,許多購買的行為在網 路上,再藉靠物流系統運送到距離最近的商店,商品的儲存遠在都會 郊區,便利商店不需要倉儲,販賣除了商品,更多的其實是服務。

THE ANTI LOGISTIC 物流系統帶來的便利,卻也使我們漸漸看不見食物的來源,也因 此不再安全可靠。我在這裡提出了一個反物流系統,撇除地面層的商 店空間,利用便利商店沒有在使用的二樓以上建築立面,演示一套看 得見流程的蔬果農場系統。 便利商店本就有在販售零星蔬果,不同於放在冷藏櫃中的蔬果商 品目錄,蔬果農場系統是一個都市地景,開展在立面上的商品目錄。 將蔬果植床排列在立面上面也許一樣是一個扁平化的演示,但是消費

THE HIDDEN PROCESS 當我們手中捧著便利超商製造的生菜沙拉,抑或是在藥妝店選購 各種不同的身體乳液,關於各項商品的製造與生產,都簡短地被敘述 在「made in xx」的字樣或是製造商與工廠的地址上。這一切對於商 品製造流程的簡化與扁平化,往往使得琳琅滿目的商品在商店中的陳 列近似於一個商品目錄,所有不同條件的商品被放在一個相同的平

59 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary

者看的見的流程,卻將便利商店販賣的蔬果立體化了。 收成的蔬果若是高過於商店本身的供給需求,就可以立刻利用物 流系統將多出來的產品運送到卡車其他目的商店,蔬果的供給也會同 時改變物流路徑的營運範圍與順序,甚至整個影響物流系統,影響便 利商店在選擇店址的考量條件。將蔬果農場的展品的服務範圍,推展 到整個城市的尺度。


URBAN SYSTEM COMPONENT/ LOGISTIC FARM

neighborhood

convenience store

TAB 3 URBAN BOUNDARY

convenience store

the new network neighborhood

neighborhood

convenience store

yeah, mid-term tomorrow again!!

residential retail + service

residential + internet perchace service + logistic system heres your coffee... stayed up for work again tonight?

60


ii THE LOGISTIC SYSTEM

61 The Logistic Index Of Urban Boundary


URBAN SYSTEM COMPONENT/ LOGISTIC FARM

8M

6M

6M

30M

6M

30M 30M

30M

30M

30M

30M

22M 11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

15 M 15M

8M

7.53M

8M

6M

6M

30M

6M

8M

0

30M 30M

30M

8M

8M

30M

8M

8M

30M 6M 6M

6M

6M

6M

30M

6M

6M 6M

6M

8M

11M

6M

6M

8M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

0

22M

7.53M

8M

6M

6M

30M

6M

8M

30M

8M

8M 6M

6M

30M

6M

8M

30M

6M

6M 6M

6M

6M

22M

6M

11M

11M

6M

15 M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

7.53M

8M

8M

8M 6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M 6M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

15M

15M

8M

6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

6M

6M

8M 6M

6M

6M

6M

19.5M

15M

6M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

0

8M

19.5M

8M

6M

8M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M 6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

6M

7.53M

6M

11M

6M

11M

11M

8M

8M

6M

15 M

6M

6M

15M 15 M

8M

6M

15M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

11M

6M

6M

8M

0

6M

6M

15M

8M

8M

8M

19M 8M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

5M 6M

8M

6M

8M

11M 12M

8M

12M

6M

8M 30M

8M

11M

7.5

8M

12M

9M

M 30

12M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

12M

7M

12 M

11M

8M

11M

9M

8M

8M

M 30

11M 8M

8M 8M

11M

30M

M 30

11M

8M 8M 11M

M 30

8M

8M 30M

8M

9M

12M

12M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11 M

8M

11M

7M

8M

11 M

0

0

8M

8M

6M

8M

6M

8M 8M

6M

6M

6M

30M

6M

6M

0 6M

8M

6M

6M

8M

11M

15 M 15 M

8M

30M

6M

30M 30M

30M

22M 11M

11M

11M

11M

6M

6M

8M

6M

6M

6M

6M

30M

6M

0

8M

30M 6M 6M

6M

11M

7.53M

8M

6M

7.53M

8M

11M

0 30M

8M

6M

11M

11M

6M

30M

6M

8M

30M

0

22M 11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

8M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

8M

30M

8M

8M 6M

6M

30M

6M

6M

6M 6M

6M

6M

8M

11M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

15 M 15 M

30M

6M

6M

30M 30M

30M

22M

30M 30M

30M

7.53M

6M

7.53M

8M

11M 30M

0

30M

8M

8M

8M

9M

M 11

30M

16M

8M

7M 8M

7M 11M

M 11

18M

11M

9M

20M

8M

16M

20M

20M 0 8M

R= 5M M 12

20M

12M

12M

18M

9M

SAT 7:00

12:00

21:00 23:00

17 ton 8-12 stores 4hr 6.5 ton 60 stores 8hr 11 ton 6 stores 6hr

0

率隨著商店所在地的特質,例如學區、商業區,也有所不

-20C-4C

11 ton 6 stores 6hr 1 / day

18C

6.5 ton 60 stores 8hr 2 / day

同。卡車在出發之前,即在郊區的物流中心將所有一趟路 境所需要運送的商品與服務通通打包,因此一趟運送的過

ice cream milk forzen food sandwich ban-dong fruit vegetable

2500

3600

0

不同溫度的商品由不同尺寸的卡車運送,運送的時間與頻

17 ton snacks 8-12 stores 4hr drinks 1 / day gorcery

2500

20C

2300

0

不同於傳統市場與大型賣場都有固定的進貨時間,便

1300

8M

6M

30M

30M

6M 30M

8M

30M 6M 6M

6M

6M

11M

6M

6M

15 M 15M

6M

6M

11M

11M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

6M 6M

6M

22M

8M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

6M

6M

8M

11M

6M

8M

30M

6M

8M

0

6M

8M

0

6M

6M

6M

6M

30M

30M 30M

30M

22M

30M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

6M

8M

8M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

4M

4M

8M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

4M

4M

6M

6M

6M

8M

6M

11M

M 15

6M

11M

M 15

6M

8M

6M

6M

30M

11M

6M

30M

6M

6M

30M

6M

11M

6M

8M

0

11M

8M

30M

30M

M 30

6M

6M

0

11M

30M 6M

8M

30M

30M

4M

8M

30M

11M

6M

8M

M 11

8M

11M

30M 6M

4M

6M

30M

30M

30M

6M

8M

6M

30M

8M

11M

M 15

6M

6M

6M

8M

M 11

30M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

30M

30M

6M

11M

8M

6M

6M

0

11M

8M

8M

11M

8M

11M

8M

6M

8M

6M

M 30

11M

M 11

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

M 11

8M

M 30

11M

30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

30M

30M

6M

8M

8M

30M

8M

11M

6M

8M

6M

30M

6M

11M

30M 6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

30M

4M

6M

6M

6M

6M

M 11

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

6M

8M

30M

30M

4M

6M

6M

8M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

M 30

6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

11M

M 15

6M

6M

6M

6M

8M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

4M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

0

4M

4M

0

6M

6M

15 M

11M

M 15

6M

4M

15M

30M

11M

6M

6M

8M

30M

11M

M 15

6M

8M

11M

11M

8M

30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

30M

11M

6M

6M

11M

30M 6M

6M

11M

M 11

8M

M 30

6M

30M

M 30

8M

8M

11M

8M

30M

30M

8M

M 11

8M

8M

30M

30M

30M

30M

6M

11M

30M 6M

6M

30M

30M

11M

8M

30M

6M

6M

30M

11M

30M 6M

6M

M 11

8M

6M

8M

30M

8M

30M

30M

6M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

6M

M 30

6M

8M

8M

M 11

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

30M

30M

6M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M 30M

M 30

30M

8M

8M

8M

11M

11M

M 11

8M

8M R=5M

12M

FRI

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

6M

8M

6M

11M

30M

12.5M 8M

16M

THU

M 11

6M

8M

6M

M 30

6M

M 11

8M

0

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

0

30M

M 11

8M

6M

6M

30M

30M

6M

WED

6M

6M

8M

8M

19M

19M

8M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

7M

8M

6M

8M

8M

6M

6M

6M

in out

利商店的物流車有一定的服務範圍跟配送商店數量,並且

程就像是再一次劃定了社區的範圍。

8M

4M

8M

TRADITIONAL MARKET shipment arrival

TUE

8M

8M

8M

15M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

M 30

M 30

M 30

11M

11M

19M

19M

12.5 M

8M

16M

8M

6M

6M

12M

15M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

0

0

8M

8M

8M

8M

9M 30M

20M

20M

8M

8M

11M

8M

12M

15M

6M

6M

8M

8M 8M

8M

8M

11 M

8M

8M

12M

12M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

20M

20M 8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

6M

8M 6M

8M

8M

8M

12M

8M

8M 9M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

20M

8M

8M 6M 6M

8M 8M

6M

8M 6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

10 M

20M

8M 8M

20M

8M

6M

6M

6M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

8M

6M

8M 8M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

8M8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

12M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

10M

20M

11M

8M

6M

6M 6M 6M

8M

11M

8M

8M

15M 8M

8M

8M

19M

8M

7.5

7M 11M

11M

11M

30M

20M 0

12M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

10M 11M 8M

6M 8M

8M

6M

8M 11M

6M

7M

20M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

10M

5M

11M

6M

8M

8M

8M

15M

8M

6M

8M

12M

8M

8M

8M

30M

11M

0

8M

8M

20M

20M

8M 8M

8M

11M

5M

11M 8M

20M

8M

6M

8M

8M

30M

8M

8M

20M

11M

8M5M 8M

11M

8M

15M

8M

8M

11M

11M

11M

7M

8M

20M

11M

8M

8M

10M

10M 30M

30M

20M 8M

20M

8M

11M

8M

15M

15M

6M 15M

15M

M 15

15M

15M

15M

6M

6M

8M 8M

20M

8M

8M

11M

15M

10M

30 M

10M

15M 8M

6M 6M

20M

11M

8M

8M

15M

8M

6M

8M

11M

12M

8M

12M

8M

8M

11 M

11 M

8M 8M

8M

M 23

23M

8M

8M

30M 10M

11M

11M

10M 30M 10M

20M 10M

15M

5M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

12M

8M

M 11

11M

11M

11M 23M

8M

15M 11M

10M

10M

10M 15M

5M

5M 15M 8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

M 20 M 11

8M

8M

6M

8M

15M

6M

6M

6M

12M

11M

6M

8M

5M

6M

6M

30M

M 30

11M

11M

8M

M 11

MON

8M

6M

6M

12.5M 9M

8M 15M

15M

15M 30M

30M

30M 5M

8M

8M

11M

8M

5M

20M

11M

8M

11M

8M 11M

8M

20M

6M

8M

9M

M 30

11 M

8M 8M

8M

R=5M

8M

11M

8M

15M

15M

8M

5M

8M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

20M

14M

14M

6M

12M

14M

18M

10M

6M

8M

9M

12 M

30M 8M

8M

8M

8M

18M

8M

SUN

8M

8M 8M

8M

11M

8M 8M

11M

M 11

8M

12.5 M

8M

7M

M 12

15M

8M 30M

15M

30M

30M

15M

8M

11 M

11M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

20M 11M

15M

8M 11M

14M

10M

M 10

30M

11M

M 30

M 30 M 11

8M

19M

16M

16M

15M

10M 15M

15M

11M

5M

5M

6M 6M

8M

8M

8M

11M

20M

8M 8M

12M

8M 8M

8M

15M

15M

15M

11M 11M

6M

8M

8M 8M

11M

8M

8M 30M

M 30

11M

12M

8M

30 M

30M

15M

8M

8M

8M

8M 30M

8M 8M

M 19

8M

11M

8M

8M

9M 30M

12M

30M

8M

19M 11M

19M

8M

8M

8M 30M

20M 0

12M

15M

10M

15M

30M

30M

15M

5M

6M

M 11

8M

8M

30M

11M

30 M

11M

8M 12M

30M

30M M 30

30M

0

0

12M

12M

8M

8M

M 30

20M

30M

8M

11 M

8M

8M

9M

11M

0

7M

CONVENIENT STORE shipment arrival normal temperature fresh & bread refrigeration frozen

8M

11M

30M

11M 8M

12M

8M

8M

8M 30M

11M

7M

8M

20M

20M

10M

15 M 15M

10M

5M

M 20

8M

8M 8M

8M

11M

8M 30M 8M

6M

8M

30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

6M

30M

M 30

M 30

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

11M M 30

8M

6M

8M

8M

5M

15M

5M

20M 8M

8M M 11

8M 8M

30M

30M

30M

8M 6M

11M

M 30

8M

30M

8M

M 30

8M

15M

8M

6M

30M 8M

8M

6M

6M

19.5M

8M 8M

M 30

20M

6M8M

8M

6M

6M

15M

6M

8M

20M

30M 10M

30M 5M

15M

20M

6M

8M

11M

8M

30M

10M

11M

30M

7M

8M

6M

30M

M 30

8M

6M

8M

8M

6M

6M

20M

20M

30M

30M

10M

8M

11M

8M

8M

30M

30M

30M 6M

6M

6M

6M

11M

8M

6M

8M

19.5M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

15M

8M

30M

6M 11M

6M

6M

8M

7M

6M

15M 6M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

6M

15M

20M

30M

20M

10M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11 M

30M

6M

8M 11M

6M

8M

8M

6M

10M 20M 10M

5M 30M

8M

30M

11M

30M

30M

8M

8M 8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

6M

15M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

15M

20M

30M

5M

10M

30M

6M

30M

30M

8M

8M

8M 6M

11M

6M

6M

15M

15M

6M

6M

8M 15M 6M

8M 20M

6M

6M

6M

6M

11M 23M

8M 30M

15M

30M

30M

30M

8M

30M 8M 6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

15M

6M

8M

15M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

15M

8M 8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

40M

30M

30M

8M

4M

8M

8M

6M

6M 15M

15M

15M

15M

6M

6M

11M

6M

6M 8M

8M 8M

8M

15M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M 6M

8M

8M

8M 18M

15M

8M

30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M 6M

6M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

8M

20M

12M

15M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

20M

8M

6M

8M

40M

30M

30M 8M

8M

8M

15M 6M

11M

11M 11M

6M

6M

8M

8M

20M

8M 6M

12M

20M

6M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

1 1M

15M

30M

30M

6M

6M

8M

40M

30M 8M

8M 6M

8M

11M 6M

11M

30M

8M

6M

11M

11M

8M

6M

8M

20M 8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

6M

8M 6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

14M

5M

15M

30M

30M 30M

40M

30M 8M

8M

15M

15M

8M

30M

30M

30M

30 M

11M

8M

6M 30M

30M

30M 8M

30M

8M

40M

30M

8M

11M 8M

30M

30M 11M

6M

6M

6M

11M

8M

8M

20M

8M

6M

6M 6M

8M 8M

6M

8M 6M

8M

8M

11M

18M

8M

8M

20M

15M

10M

8M

20M

8M

6M

6M

6M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

30M 15M

30M 6M

40M

30M

6M

6M 30M 30M

30M

6M

15M

15M

8M

11M

30M

15M 8M 14M

30M 15M

40M

11 M

11M

30M

30M

30M

30M

15M 6M

11M

15M

8M 10 M

20M

8M

6M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

8M8M

8M

8M

8M

25M

23M 18M

20M

20M

30M

6M

6M

30M

6M

40M

30M 8M

30M 6M

8M

20M

8M

8M

8M

20M

6M

6M 6M 6M

8M

11M

8M

8M

6M 15M

6M

30M

30M 30M

30M

8M

15 M

15M

8M

8M

8M

10M

20M

11M

8M

8M

6M 8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

15M 8M

8M

8M

11M

30M 30M

11 M

11 M

11 M

8M 8M

3 0M

30M

15M

8M 20M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

10M 11M

11M

6M

8M

8M

11M

15M

8M

6M

25M

8M

18M

8M

20 M

15M

15M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

5M

11M 8M

20M

8M

8M

8M

8M 6M

6M

30M

30M 30M

40M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

10M

11M

8M

15M

8M

8M

11M

6M

6M

7.5

7M 11M

8M 9M

30M 8M

8M

8M

M 11

11M

M 11

11M

8M

30M 30M

8M 15M

6M

30M

30M

15M 8M

40M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

11M

8M5M 8M

5M

6M 15M

15M

M 15

15M

15M

15M

6M

8M

12M

8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

11M

11M

11M

8M

8M

9M

8M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

11M

8M

15M

15M

8M

6M 6M

20M

11M

8M

8M

15M

8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

11M

8M

11M 8M

20M

15M

8M

8M

30M 8M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

5M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

12M

8M

12M

9M

12 M

8M

M 11

8M

12.5M

R=5M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

20M

15M 8M

8M

5M

5M 15M 8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

M 20 M 11

8M

8M

6M

8M

15M

6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

30M

30M

30M

10M

20M

15M

8M

11M

8M

5M

20M

11M

8M

11M

8M 11M

8M

20M

6M

6M

11M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

20M

10M

8M

M 23

23M

10M

10M

10M

30 M

10M

20M 10M

10M 15M

8M 5M

8M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

20M

14M

12M

11M

6M

8M 8M

15M

10M

11M

20M

30 M

8M

30M 10M

11M

8M

10M

30M 5M

8M

11 M

11M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

20M 11M

15M

8M

14M

6M

12M

14M

18M

25M 11M

8M

8M

15M

25M

8M 8M

20M

11M 23M

8M

11M

15M

30M

30M

15M

11M

5M

5M

6M 6M

8M

8M

8M

11M

20M

8M 8M

6M

8M

12M

11M

M 30 11M

8M

8M 15M

15M 11M

10M

30M

30M 10M

15M

15M

11M 11M

6M

8M

8M 8M

11M

8M

8M 30M

M 30

11M

14M

11M

10M

10M

18M 11M

30M

15M

8M

8M

11M 11M 11M

8M

8M

15M

10M

11M

11M

8M

15M

8M 30M

15M

15M

15M

6M

11M

8M

8M

30M

11M

30 M

8M

8M

11M

12M

8M

10M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

30M 15M

20M

11M

8M

8M

11M

8M

M 30

15M

10M

20M

40M

8M 8M

8M

18M 11M

30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

6M

8M

11M

8M

15M

11M

30M

30M

15M

5M

5M

M 20

8M

8M 8M

8M

11M

8M 30M 8M

6M

10M

5M

15M

5M

20M 8M

8M M 11

8M 8M

30M

30M

30M

8M 6M

11M

M 30

8M

8M

8M

30M

8M

6M

6M

30M

8M 8M

M 19

8M

8M

8M

8M

7M

18M

6M

4M

8M

8M

8M

19M 11M

11M

8M

8M

8M M 16

12M

15M

8M 15M

30M

15M

15M

30M 10M

30M 5M

15M

20M

6M

8M

11M

8M

30M

10M

11M

30M

7M

8M

6M

30M

8M

8M

12M

8M

30 M

30M

11M

8M

19M

19M

12.5 M

8M

8M 8M

9M

16M

12M

15M

10M

15M

15M

30M

30M

20M 10M

8M 8M

11M

8M

8M

30M

30M

30M 6M

6M

6M

6M

11M

8M

12M

30M

30M M 30

30M

0

0

8M

12M

12M

8M

8M

20M 0

12M

10M

15M

10M

30M 10M 20M

10M

10M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11 M

30M

6M 11M

6M

6M

8M

7M

6M

M 30

30M

30M

30M

30M

M 30

19M 8M

15M

30M

30M

5M

5M 30M

8M

30M

11M

30M

6M

8M 11M

6M

8M

8M

6M

8M

6M

M 30

20M

8M

8M

8M

15 M 15M

20M

20M

30M

10M

30M

6M

30M

30M

8M

8M 8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

30M

6M

15M

20M

30M

40M

30M

30M

8M

30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

8M 6M

11M

6M

6M

15M

15M

6M

6M

15M

8M

6M8M

8M

15M

20M

15M

8M

30M

30M 30M

8M

8M 6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

15M

6M

8M

15M

8M 15M 6M

6M

8M

8M

6M

6M

19.5M

20M

8M

6M

8M

30M

40M

30M

30M

4M

8M

8M

6M

6M 15M

15M

15M

15M

6M

6M

11M

6M

6M

15M 6M

8M

6M

6M

15M

6M

8M

6M

6M

8M

M 30

30M

8M

11 M

8M

8M

9M

30M

30M

20M

6M

6M

8M

30M

40M

8M

8M

8M 6M

6M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

8M

8M

20M 8M

6M

8M

8M

6M

6M

6M

20M

30M

6M 30M

30M

30M 8M

8M

15M 6M

11M

11M 11M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

19.5M

8M

8M

6M

40M

30M

8M

11M 6M

11M

30M 30 M

6M

11M

20M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

30M

30M

8M 6M

15M 11M

8M

30M

30M

8M

20M

8M

6M

8M

8M

6M

6M

6M

8M

40M

8M

8M

15M

6M

6M 30M 30M

30M

30M 6M

11M

8M

8M

8M

15M

8M 8M

8M

6M

8M

15M

3 0M 40M

30M

18M

30M

M 30

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

30M 6M

40M

30M

8M 11M

30M

30M

30M 8M

11M

6M

6M

6M

8M

6M

6M

12M

15M

8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

15M 8M 14M

30M

15M

30M

30M 8M

30M 6M

15M

15M

11M

8M

12M

15M

6M

6M

6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

30M

8M

8M

11M

30M

30M

6M

6M

15M

40M

11 M

30M 30M

30M

8M

15 M

15M

15M 6M

8M

11M

8M

20M

20M 8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M 15M

30M

6M

40M

30M

15M

8M

8M

11M

15M

8M

11M

8M

20M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

6M

8M

30M

11M

8M

12M

8M

30M

7M

8M

6M

30M

40M

30M

20M

8M

8M

10 M

20M

8M 8M

20M

8M

6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

11M

0

20M

3 0M

30M

40M 20M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

8M

6M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

10M

20M

11M

8M

6M

6M 6M 6M

8M

11M

8M

6M

8M

11M

11M

11M M 30

11M

7M

8M

11 M

8M

30M 30M

8M 15M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

10M 11M 8M

6M 8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M 6M

8M

8M

5M

ÿ%% ÿ二 巷 一悀 弄@弄 KZ 

8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

6M

8M

8M

15M

8M

8M

30M

8M

8M

6M 15M

8M

30M

R= 5M

30M

8M

8M

8M

15M

30M

8M

30M

30M

6M

6M

30M

8M

9M

40M

8M

8M

30M

8M

30M

8M 8M

30M

8M

20M

20M

8M

11M

8M

15M

8M

6M

8M

6M

30M

30M

8M

6M

6M

8M

23M

15M

ÿ%% ÿ二 KZ  巷 一悀 弄@弄

12M

8M

30M

8M

20M

8M

6M

8M

8M

14M

8M 18M

15M 30M

30M

8M

6M

30M

30M

15M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

10M

5M

11M

6M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

7M 11M

8M

30M 30M

11 M

8M

8M

30M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

5M

11M 8M

20M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

6M

8M

8M

7.5

12M

8M

8M

8M

9M

30M 8M

8M

11 M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

11M

8M5M 8M

11M

8M

15M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

11M

8M

8M

8M

25M

6M

8M

8M 30M

15M

30M

30M

6M

8M

8M

8M 8M

30M

30M

6M

5M

1 1M

10M

15M

30M

30M 8M

30M

8M 8M

12M

8M

8M

30M

11M

11M

15M

11M

15M

25M

8M

18M

11M

18M

8M

8M

20M

15M

15M

8M

8M

8M

20M

20M

20M 8M

20M

8M

11M

8M

15M

15M

6M 15M

15M

M 15

15M

15M

8M8M

8M

8M

30M

30M

30M

10M

15M 8M

6M 6M

20M

11M

8M

8M

15M 8M

8M

6M

8M

12M

8M

12M

9M

12 M

8M 8M

11M

8M

20M

23M

10M

10M

10M

30 M

10M

20M 10M

15M

5M

5M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

15M

8M

6M

6M

6M

8M

11M

20M

30M 15M

30M

30M

6M

6M

6M

20M

8M 6M

30M

10M

30M

30M

20M

8M

8M

8M

8M

23M 18M

30M

8M

8M

20M

12M

8M

6M

8M

11M

8M

30M

30M

8M 8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

14M

30M

30M

20M

15M

20M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

12M

6M

6M

8M 8M

12M

6M

6M

14M

6M 12M

30M

15M

20M

10M 20M

10M

11M

30M

30M

8M

30M

8M

30M

30M

8M

6M

30M

36M

30M

11M 30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

20M 8M

12M

12M 14M 8M

6M

8M

6M

6M 8M

1 0M

20M

10M

8M

8M

20M

20M 20M

15M

30 M

5M 15M 8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

M 20 M 11

8M

8M

6M 15M

15M

8M

6M

6M

12M

11M

6M

18M

8M

12M

11M

M 30 11M

8M

M 11

8M

10M

10M 15M

8M

8M

11M

8M

5M

20M

11M

8M

11M

8M 11M

8M

6M

8M

15M

6M

12M

14M

10M

M 30

30M

8M 30M

8M

20M

9M

30M

6M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

12M

6M

6M

30M

30M

20M

6M

8M

6M

8M

8M

30M

6M

8M

30M

30M

8M

6M

14M

6M

6M

12M

8M

6M

6M

15M 10M 15M

15M

20M

30M

40M

60 M

8M

20 M

10M

30M 5M

8M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

20M

14M

6M

6M

10M

8M

10M

M 30

M 30

8M

11M

8M

8M

20M 30M

5M

8M

11 M

11M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

20M 6M

6M

8M

12M

8M

30M

8M

8M

11M

15M

30M

30M

15M

11M

5M

5M

6M 6M

8M

8M

8M

11M

20M

8M

11M

15M

8M

14M

14M

11M

11M

12M

8M

30 M

30M

10M

30M

30M 10M

15M

8M

11M 11M

6M

8M

8M 8M

11M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M 12M

30M

30M M 30

30M

8M

15M

6M

8M 6M

30M

30M

30M

14M

8M

8M

12M

6M

6M

8M

6M

30M

15M

40M

20M

30M

15M

10M

11M

20M

8M

15M

15M

15M

6M

M 11

8M

8M

30M

11M

30M

M 30

8M

8M

30M

30M

M 30

8M

15M

5M

5M

M 20

8M

8M 8M

8M

11M

8M 30M 8M

30 M

11M

M 30

8M

8M

30M

8M

30M

6M

30M

30M

15M

5M

20M 8M

8M M 11

8M 8M

30M

30M

30M

8M 6M

6M

10M

5M

15M

20M

6M

8M

11M

8M

30M

10M

11M

30M

7M

8M

6M

30M

8M

M 30

6M

30M

8M

15M

8M

6M

6M

30M

8M 8M

M 19

8M

8M

30M 10M

30M 5M

15M

8M

11M

8M

8M

30M

30M

30M 6M

6M

6M

6M

11M

6M

M 30

20M

6M8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

19.5M

11M

8M 30M

30M

10M

8M

30M

6M 11M

6M

6M

8M

7M

6M

6M

6M

15M

8M

6M

6M

15M

6M

8M

19M

8M

M 30

9M

30M

8M

8M

15M 19M

6M

12M

6M

8M

6M

30M

10M

40M

8M

8M

4M

20M

8M

15M

15M

30M

12M

12M

8M

36M

8M

8M

11M 6M

8M

8M

8M

19.5M

30M

30M

30M

6M

6M

6M

30M

6M

6M

6M

30M 8M

8M

8M

15M

25M

8M

6M

8M

30M 30M

22M

6M 8M

30M

30M

8M

8M 8M

40M

8M

20M

20M

20M

60M

8M

8M 8M

11M

8M 6M

8M

6M

6M

20M

60M

8M

8M

12M 6M

6M

30M

8M

30M

30M 8M

8M

40M

18M

9M

8M

8M 8M

8M

11M

6M

8M

8M

8M

30M

30M

11M 8M

8M

7M

M 12

30M 30M

8M

30M

30M

30M

8M 8M

6M

8M

20M 30M

40M

30M

11 M

8M

11M 16M

16M

12M

30M

30M

30M 30M

11M

8M 30M

8M

30M

30M

6M

30M

8M

9M 30M

20M 0

12M

25M 11M

10M

30M

11M

8M 30M

30M

8M

M 30

8M

30M

8M

8M

11M

11M

8M

8M

8M

12M

8M

8M

30M

20M

8M

15M

15M

6M

6M

8M

6M

11M

8M 9M

30M

7M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

30M

8M 30M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

11M

1 1M

8M

8M

8M

30M

11M

0

8M

30M

9M

8M

11M 30M

20M 8M

8M

6M

7M 11M

11M

11M

11M M 30

11M

7M

20M

8M

8M

30M

30M

8M

6M

6M

6M

8M 15M

6M

8M

6M

11M

7.5

12M

8M

8M

30M

M 30

11M

8M

8M

11 M

20M

11M

15M

10M

20M

20M

40M

15M 11M

10M

30M

20M

10M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11 M

30M

6M

8M 11M

6M

8M

8M

6M

10M 20M 10M

5M 30M

8M

30M

11M

30M

30M

8M

8M 8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

30M

5M

10M

30M

6M

30M

30M

8M

8M

8M 6M

11M

6M

6M

15M

15M

15M

8M 15M 6M

8M

6M

8M

8M

6M

6M

15M

20M

30M

30M

8M

30M 8M 6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

15M

6M

8M

6M

11M

6M

6M

8M

15M 6M

8M

19.5M

8M

8M

6M

6M

11M

11M

M 11

11M

11M

15M

30M

30M 30M

8M

4M

8M

8M

6M

6M 15M

15M

15M

15M

6M 11M

11M

11M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

6M

11M

8M

19M 11M

11M

8M

8M

8M

M 11

M 15

6M

6M

6M

M 30

30M

8M

19M

19M

12.5 M

8M

30M

20M

30M

40M

30M

30M 8M

8M

8M 6M

6M

11M

11M

11M

6M

6M

8M

8M

20M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

40M

30M

8M

8M

30M

40M

30M

8M

8M

15M 6M

11M

11M 11M

6M

6M

6M

0

0

8M

8M

8M

30M

30M 8M

40M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M 6M

11M

30M 30 M

6M

11M

8M

8M

8M

6M

15M

8M 8M

8M

6M

30M

30M

8M 6M

8M

30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

8M

30M

11M 8M

11 M

8M

12.5M

30M 15M 8M

30M

8M

30M

30M

8M

20M 8M

8M

15M

6M

6M

6M

8M

40M

8M

8M

15M

15M 11M

30M

30M

30M 6M

8M

12M

15M

6M

8M

8M

6M

8M

6M

15M

10M 15M

8M 30M

30M

11M

30M 6M

40M

30M

8M

6M

6M 30M

30M 8M

11M

6M

6M

20M

8M 6M

12M

20M

20M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

5M

6M

14M

30M

15M

30M

11M

30M

30M

6M

15M

15M

11M

8M

6M

8M

8M

20M

8M

6M

8M

6M

8M

6M

40M

11 M

30M 8M

30M 15 M

15M

15M 6M

6M

11M

8M

8M 8M

20M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M 6M

30M

6M

40M

30M 30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

11M

20M

8M

6M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

6M

30M

30M

15M

20M

20M

8M

8M

8M

11M

6M

6M 6M 6M

8M

11M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

11M

8M

8M

6M

6M

30M

40M

30M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

10 M

11M

8M

8M

6M 8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M 6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

6M

6M

40M

8M

8M

8M

8M

10M

20M

10M 11M

11M

6M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

6M

11M

8M

8M

30M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

20M 5M

11M 8M

20M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M 8M

6M

8M

8M

3 0M

15M

8M

8M

8M

8M

15M 10M

11M

8M

15M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

8M

30M 30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M5M 8M

5M

6M 15M

15M

M 15

15M

15M

8M8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M 6M

20M

11M

8M

8M

15M 8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

11M

20M

20M

11M

8M

15M

15M

8M 6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

15M

8M

6M

6M

6M

12M

11M

6M

30M

8M

8M 11M

20M

8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

M 20 M 11

8M

8M

6M 15M

15M

8M

6M

12M

14M

18M

10M

8M 8M

20M

5M 11M

5M 15M 8M

8M

8M

20M

11M

8M

11M

8M 11M

8M

6M

8M

15M

6M

6M

14M

14M

11M

10M

8M 30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

6M

6M 8M

11M

12M

10M

30M

M 30

M 30

10M

20M 8M

20M

8M

5M

11M

8M

5M

8M

11 M

11M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

20M 6M

6M

20M

14M

8M

8M

8M

10M

15M 8M

8M

11M

5M

5M

6M 6M

8M

8M

8M

11M

20M

8M

8M 15M

8M 11M

8M

8M

30M

10M

30 M

10M

20M 10M

10M 15M

8M 5M

8M

11M 11M

6M

8M

8M 8M

11M

8M

8M

11M

M 30

8M 8M

M 30

12M

8M

30 M

30M

15M

30M

10M

30M

15M

8M

15M

15M

6M

M 11

8M

8M

30M

11M

30M

M 30

8M

8M M 30

30M

12M

10M 30M

30M

15M 15M

15M

5M

5M

M 20

8M

8M 8M

8M

11M

8M 30M 8M

30 M

11M

30M

30M

30M 10M

15M

15M

5M

20M 8M

8M M 11

8M 8M

30M

30M

30M

8M 6M

6M

30M

30M

15M

20M

6M

8M

11M

8M

30M

10M

11M

30M

7M

8M

6M

10M

5M

15M

8M

11M

8M

8M

30M

30M

30M 6M

6M

6M

6M

11M

6M

15M

30M

8M

8M

10M

8M

30M 10M

30M

5M

10M

8M

30M

6M 11M

6M

6M

8M

7M

6M

6M

8M 15M 6M

8M

11M

15M

10M 30M

30M

20M

10M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11 M

30M

6M

8M 11M

6M

8M

8M

6M

5M

5M 30M

8M

30M

11M

30M

30M

8M

8M 8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

30M

20M 10M 10M

30M

6M

30M

30M

8M

8M

8M 6M

11M

6M

6M

15M

15M

15M

6M

10M

30M

8M

30M 8M 6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

15M

6M

8M

30M

5M

30M

8M

4M

8M

8M

6M

6M 15M

15M

15M

15M

6M

6M

11M

6M

6M

8M

30M

8M

8M

6M

6M

6M

11M

15M

20M

30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M 6M

6M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

8M

8M

20M

M 30

11M

6M

6M

23M

15M 11M

20M

30M

40M

30M

30M 8M

8M

8M

15M 6M

11M

11M 11M

6M

6M

11M

15M

8M

30M

30M

30M

M 30

30M

20M

20M

6M

8M

8M

8M

12M

8M

8M

8M

9M M 30 8M

8M

11 M

8M

8M 8M

2 0M

3 0M

40M

6M

8M

12M

12M

9M

12 M

8M 8M

8M

11M

M 11

M 11

M 11

11M

8M

8M

8M 25M

8M

8M

30M

8M

8M

19.5M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

5M

6M

6M

11M

M 30 11M

11M

11M

8M

8M

8M

11M

11M

8M

11M

18M 11M

9M

8M

8M

11M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

6M

11M 11M

8M

20M

6M

8M

8M

20M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

16M

30M

30M

10M

6M

6M

8M

8M

7M

8M

8M

8M

15M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

19M

12.5 M

8M

11M

8M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

19M

19M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

12M

30M

30M

25M

6M 20M

18M

8M

8M

6M

40M

12M

12M

20M

6M

8M

6M

6M 15M 8M

6M

8M

12M

30M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

40M

6M

6M

0

0

6M

8M

6M

8M

8M

6M

8M

6M 8M

6M 6M

8M

8M 8M

8M

6M

19M 30M

8M

6M

20M 6M

12M

12M

15M

6M

8M

8M

11M

8M 30M

M 30

30M

8M

11M

11M

40M

8M

15M 8M 20M

20M 22M 8M

6M

8M

8M

11M

M 30

30M

11M

8M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

11M

6M

18M

10M

M 30

M 30

8M

8M

8M

11M

15M

8M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

15M

8M

10 M

20M

8M 8M

20M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

18M

18M 11M

8M

8M 8M

8M

20M

20M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

8M

6M

8M

20M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

10M

20M

11M

8M

6M

6M 6M 6M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

6M

8M 6M

M 10

30M

30M

30M

30M

11 M

8M

8M

30M

8M

M 30

8M

30M

8M

M 30

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M 8M

30M

30M

30M

8M

30M

12.5M

30M

8M

30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

10M 11M 8M

6M

8M

11M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

ÿ%% ÿ二 巷 一悀 弄@弄 KZ 

8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

10M

5M

11M

6M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M 6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

M 23

8M

R=5M

9M

40M

8M

8M

8M

6M 11M

8M

8M

30M 10M

11M

8M 8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

11M

5M

11M 8M

20M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M 6M

6M 15M

8M

23M 8M

23M

8M

KZ  巷 一悀 弄@弄 ÿ%% ÿ二

6M

6M

30M

8M

8M

11M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

11M

8M5M 8M

11M

8M

15M

8M

8M

8M

30M

30M

8M

14M

8M 18M

8M 15M

30M

30M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

30M

8M

8M

20M

5M 11M

5M

8M

15M

15M

6M 15M

15M

M 15

15M

8M

8M

8M8M

8M

8M

8M

15M

8M

8M

11M

8M

30M

30M 8M

30M

6M

8M

30M

8M

20M

11M

15M

8M

25M

23M

11M

18M

8M

8M

15M

15M

8M 15M

15M

30M

30M

12M

8M

8M 6M

30M

30M

8M

20M 6M

8M

M 23

23M

10M

10M 30M

30M

20M

15M 8M

8M

5M

11M

8M

8M

8M

6M 6M

20M

11M

15M

15M 8M

8M

6M

15M

8M

8M

11M

8M

11M

8M

8M 30M

15M 15M

30M

15M

30M

6M

8M

8M

6M

30M

8M

20M

15M

10M

5M

15M

30M

30M

8M 8M

12M

8M

30M

30M

6M

20M

10M 20M

20M

8M 8M

8M

30M 10M

11M

15M

10M

10M

20M

15M

8M 8M

15M 8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

15M

8M

6M

12M

11M

11M

30M

20M

20M

8M

11M

8M

15M

15M 30M

10M

15M

12M

8M

6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

30M

30M

10M

30M 15M

1 0M

20M

8M

11M 23M

8M

11M

11M

10M

30 M

10M

20M 10M

10M 15M

8M 5M

8M

5M

8M 8M

8M

M 20 M 11

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

8M 6M

30M

30M

15M 10M 15M

15M

10M

1 1M

15M

10M

15 M 15M

30M

30M

6M

6M

8M

6M

8M

14M 6M 12M

30M

15M

20M

30M

8M 15M

15M 11M

8M

8M

11M

8M

15M

15M

10M

30M 5M

8M

11M

5M

5M

6M 6M

20M

11M

8M

8M

6M

8M

30M

8M

30M

30M

8M

6M

8M

8M

6M

6M 8M

40M

40M

40M

8M

15M

15M

8M 15M

15M

30M 30M

30M

15M

15M

15M

11M 11M

6M

11 M

8M

11M

8M 11M

8M

8M

14M

8M

20M 6M

14M

8M

6M

6M

30M

10M

8M

8M

8M

4M

60 M

15M 15M

30M

15M

30M

15M

15M

15M

5M

6M

M 11

8M

11M

8M

8M

6M

8M

30M

36M

30M

11M 30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

12M

8M

6M 12M

8M

6M

30M

30M 8M

8M

8M 2 0M

20M

60M

15M

10M 30M

15M

5M

5M

M 20

8M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

6M

6M

8M

12M

40M

8M

20M

8M

18M

15M

20M

10M

15M

15M

20M

30M

8M 30M

8M

8M

8M

12M

12M

6M

6M

30M 8M

8M

40M

15M

30M

10M

5M

15M

8M

8M M 11

8M

8M

8M

11M

6M

15M

6M

6M

8M

6M

8M

6M

8M 8M

6M

7M

18M

30M

12M 6M

8M 8M

20M

20M

6M

6M

30M

8M

30M

8M

30M

8M

11M 16M

12M

15M

10M

10M

30M 10M

30M 5M

15M

20M

20M

8M

11M

8M

8M 8M

15M

8M

6M

6M

6M

12M

30 M

30M M 30

8M

30M

15M 30M

30M

30M

20M 10M

6M

11M

8M

8M

8M

15M

12M

10M

30M

M 30

8M

6M

6M

6M

30M

30M

20M

8M

6M

8M

12M 14M

30M

11M 8M

8M

12M

8M

16M

8M

15M

30M 15M

20M

15M

6M

8M

30M

30M

8M

6M

8M 14M

6M

12M

6M

30M 11 M 8M

8M

8M

9M 30M

12M

20M

18M

20M

20M

20M

20M

8M

6M

6M

6M

8M 6M

30M

30M

30M

6M

8M

6M

6M

6M

30M

30M

11M

1 1M

8M

8M

8M

30M

20M 0

12M

15M

15M

15 M 15M

10M

30M 10M 20M

10M

8M 8M

11 M

8M

8M

8M

20M

20M

6M

14M

6M

14M

11M

11M

12M

8M

8M 9M

20M

30M

30M

5M

5M 10M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

20M

6M

6M

8M

20M

14M

8M

8M 12M

30M

8M

30M

20M

20M

20M

30M

10M

30M

8M

30M

11M

8M

8M

11M

11M

15M

8M 11M

8M

30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

7M 11M

11M

8M

8M

9M

30M

20M

8M

8M

20M

10M

6M

6M

8M

M 30

14M

8M 22M 8M

30M

11M

6M

11M

7.5

12M

8M

11M

30M

11M

0

8M

23M

8M

15M

20M

20M

30M

40M

30M

30M

30M

6M

30M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

8M

20M

8M

30M

8M

8M

8M 11M

8M

8M

15M

15M

8M

30M

30M

30M

8M

30M

10M

30M

8M

8M 30M

M 30

8M

M 30

6M

9M

30M

30M

8M

1 1M

10M 30M

15M

8M

6M

8M

30M

40M

8M

30M

8M

30M

11M

30 M

8M M 30

8M

36M

8M

8M

11M

8M 6M

15M 19M

40M

8M

11M 12M

8M

8M

8M

11M M 30

11M

7M

20M

20M

8M

25M

60M

20M

6M

30M

15M

30M

12M

12M

11M

6M

12M

12M

8M

30M

M 30

11 M

8M

8M

11 M

20M

10M

20 M

15M

30M

30M

8M

6M 15M

19.5M

30M

30M

30M

6M 8M

6M

6M

9M

30M 8M

8M

20M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

15M

30 M

8M 6M

8M

6M

8M

30M 30M

8M

8M

5M 6M

8M

9M

12 M

8M 8M

8M

7M

11M

20M 30M

8M

30M

30M

15M

6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

M 30 M 11

11M

11 M

8M

8M

25M

8M

8M

30M

8M

6M

30M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

M 30

8M

8M

M 11

11M

11M

8M

11M

8M

8M

18M

8M

8M

8M 15M

25M

20M

20M

8M

8M

30M 8M

8M

11M

6M

8M

6M

11M

8M 30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

M 19

8M

11M

M 11

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

30M

11M

8M 30M 8M

6M

11M

M 30

15M 6M

6M8M

8M

8M

12M 6M

6M 8M

6M

8M

8M

11M

30M

30M

6M 30M

30M

30M

8M 6M

6M

30M

6M

15M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

11M

6M

8M

8M

20M

8M

11M 11M

8M

15M

8M 30M

40M

8M

8M

40M

8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

30M

19M 11M

19M

8M

8M

8M

M 11

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

10M

20M

40M

8M

30M

8M

6M

8M

11M

6M

18M

10M

M 30

M 30

11M 8M

0

19M

12.5 M

8M

8M 8M

8M

18M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

6M

8M

8M

8M 23M

8M

11M 10M

30M 30M

8M

8M

0

8M

8M

18M

30M

11M

8M

M 30

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

30M 10M

11M

8M 8M

30M

11 M

8M

8M

30M

8M

M 30

8M

30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

9M

8M

8M 8M

8M 8M

6M

8M

30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

25M

14M

8M 18M

6M

20M 30M 30M

8M

30M

30M

30M

8M 30M

30M

8M

M 30

6M

30M

30M

30M

11M

30M

7M

8M

30M

30M

30M 30M

11M

8M 30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

30M

30M 6M

6M

6M

6M

11M

8M 15M 6M

10M

30M

11M

8M 30M

6M

6M

30M

30M

6M 11M

6M

6M

8M

7M

6M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

30M

30M

6M

8M 11M

6M

8M

8M

6M

8M

6M

6M

20M

8M 8M

11M 30M

30M

8M

8M 8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

15M

15M

6M

6M 8M

9M

8M

30M

20M 8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

30M

8M

8M

8M 6M

11M

6M

6M

15M 8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

8M

6M

6M

6M

8M 15M

6M

8M

11M

8M

20M 8M 25M

11M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

19.5M

8M

8M

8M

8M

9M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

20M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M 6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

15M

15M

15M

15M

6M

11M

11M

11M

11M 8M

20M

10M

6M

20M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

4M

8M

8M

6M

6M 15M

16M

30M

30M

30M

30M

25M

6M

8M

8M

7M

8M

8M

8M

15M

8M

6M

6M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M 6M

6M

11M

11M

11M 6M

8M

12M

12M

12M

20M

6M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

30M

30M 8M

8M

8M

15M 6M

11M

11M

11M

6M 6M

12M

30M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M 15M

18M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

40M

30M 8M

8M 6M

8M

11M 6M

11M

11M

6M

8M

6M 8M

6M 8M

40M

6M

6M

30M 8M

40M

30M 8M

8M

15M

15M

8M

30M

30M

8M

6M

11M

11M

8M

6M

20M 6M

12M

6M

8M

8M 8M

8M

30M

8M

40M

30M

8M

11M 8M

30M

30M

6M

6M

6M

11M

40M

8M

12M

15M

6M

8M

8M

8M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M 23M

8M

30M 40M

30M 8M

8M 6M

8M

11M 6M

11M

30M 30 M

8M

15M

8M

8M

30M 30M

40M

30M 8M

8M

15M

15M

8M

30M

30M

30M

6M

40M

30M

30M

30M

30M

8M

40M

30M

8M

11M 8M

30M

30M

8M

8M

20M

6M

8M

8M 15M

15M

30M

12.5M

30M

30M 8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

11M

8M

30M 8M

30M

8M

ÿ%% ÿ二 巷 一悀 弄@弄 KZ 

8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

15M

14M

8M

8M

15M

15M

8M 15M

8M

9M

8M

8M

8M

8M

23M

15M 15M

30M

15M

ÿ%% ÿ二 KZ  巷 一悀 弄@弄

R=5M

30M

8M

8M

8M

30M

18M

15M 30M

15M

30M

30M

6M

6M

30M

8M

8M

15M

15M

10M

6M

8M

8M

25M

23M

11M

18M

8M

8M

8M 30M

15M

10M

15M

30M 6M

40M

15M

30M

6M

6M 30M 30M

30M

30M 6M

8M

20M

8M

8M

30M

6M 15M

8M

11M

8M

11M

8M

5M

1 1M

10M

10M

15M

8M

M 30

4M

30M 15M

40M

11 M

11M

30M

30M

30M 8M

11M

6M

6M

20M

11M

8M

6M

8M

8M

30M

6M

40M

30M 8M

30M 6M

15M

15M

11M

30M

30M

4M

6M 14M

30M

30M 30M

30M

8M

15 M

15M

15M 6M

6M

11M

6M

3 0M

30M

15M

8M

8M

30M 6M

11M

M 15

6M

6M

30M

30M 30M

40M

30M

11M

6M8M

M 11

30M

30M

11M

6M

15M

30M

40M

15M

8M

M 30

15M

20M

15M

15M

15M

15 M

M 11

30M

11M

8M

30M

30M

20M

10M

30M 15M

15M

30M 8M

30M

8M 8M

8M

8M

20M

15M

15M

11M

8M

18M

15M

18M

20M

20M

20M

20M

30M

30M

6M

8M

30M

8M

20M 6M

20M

10M

20M

15M

20M

20M

20M

30M

12M

8M

8M 6M

30M

30M

8M

6M

20M

15M

10M

8M

20 M

15M

15M

30M

8M

6M

8M

8M

6M

30M

8M

6M

11M

30M

20M

10M 20M

20M

8M

25M

8M

18M

8M

15M

30M 6M

40M

15M

30M

6M

6M 30M 30M

30M

30M

30M 11M

30 M

8M

11M

8M

15M 8M 20M

20M 22M 8M

6M

6M

6M

6M

8M

30M

15M 8M 14M

30M 15M

40M

11 M

11M

30M

30M

30M

30M 6M

15M

15M

8M

11M

15M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

30M 8M

30M 6M

15M 6M

11M

15M

8M

10 M

20M

8M

8M 8M

20M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

8M 8M

8M

20M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M 6M

30M

6M

6M

30M

6M

40M

30M 30M

30M

8M

15 M

15M

8M

8M

8M

8M

10M

20M

8M

6M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

6M

8M 6M

8M

8M

8M

6M 15M

6M

30M

30M

15M

8M 20M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

10M

11M

8M

6M

6M 6M 6M

8M

11M

8M

6M

8M

12M

8M

30M

30M

11M

15M

1 0M

20M

20M

8M

20M

15M

30 M

30M

30M

12M

6M

6M

8M

8M

30M

30M

10M

15M 10M 15M

15M

3 0M

3 0M

40M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

10M

11M 8M

6M 8M

8M

6M

6M

8M 8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M 6M

6M

30M

30M 30M

40M

8M

8M 8M

8M 8M

8M

11M

5M

11M

6M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

20M

8M 6M

30M

30M

30M

15M

20M

30M

10M

11M

20M 30M

6M

30M

11M

30M 6M

15M

25M

20M

20M

30M

8M

8M

8M

14M 6M 12M

30M

40M

40M

8M

8M

30M 30M

8M 15M

6M

30M

30M

15M 8M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

11M

5M

11M 8M

20M

8M

11M

8M

8M 8M

8M

8M8M

6M

8M

6M

6M 8M

8M

8M

40M

40M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

5M 11M

5M

8M5M 8M

11M

8M

15M

8M

8M

8M

15M 8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

12M

6M

14M

8M

6M

6M

30M

10M

8M

8M

8M

4M

20M

60 M

8M 6M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

15M 8M

8M

5M

11M

8M

15M

15M

6M 15M

8M

8M

15M

8M

6M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

23M

11M

18M

8M

8M

20M

5M

8M

8M

30M 8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

30M

10M

20M

15M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

6M 6M

15M

M 15

15M

11M

6M

20M

30 M

8M 8M

8M

M 23

23M

10M

30M

30M

20M 10M

10M 15M

8M 5M

15M 8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

6M

20M

11M

8M

15M

15M

6M

25M

8M

8M

8M

11M

18M

20M

8M

8M

30M 10M

11M

10M

10M

30 M

10M

30M 5M

8M

8M

5M

8M 8M

8M

M 20

8M

8M

8M

15M

8M

6M

6M

18M 11M

8M

8M

20 M

20M

40M

8M

11M 23M

8M

11M

8M

10M

20M

30M

15M

11M

5M

5M

6M 6M

20M

M 11

8M

8M

8M

6M

20M

6M 12M

8M

6M

30M

30M 8M

8M

8M

60M

15M

8M

8M

8M 15M

15M

15M

30M

15M

15M

11M 11M

6M

11M

8M

8M

6M

8M

6M

6M

20M

10M

15M

15M

15M

6M

11 M

8M

11M

8M 11M

8M

20M

14M

12M

20M

20M

8M

11M

8M

11M

10M

30M

30M 10M

30M

15M

5M

5M

M 20

11M

8M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

20M

8M

14M

12M

14M

11M

8M

8M

11M 11M 11M

11M

8M

8M

11M 8M

20M

30M

8M

15M

15M

8M

15M

11M

30M

10M

5M

15M

5M

20M

8M

11M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

20M 11M

15M

15M

8M

6M

8M

12M

40M

8M

20M

20M

20M

60M 8M

8M

25M

15M 15M

15M

30M

15M

15M

30M 10M

30M 5M

15M

20M

6M

8M

8M

11M

20M

8M 8M

6M 8M

6M

8M 6M

6M

30M 8M

8M

40M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

15M

15M

30M

30M

20M 10M

8M

8M M 11

8M

8M 8M

11M

8M

8M 30M

M 30

11M

14M

11M

8M

6M

8M

6M

8M 8M

6M

7M

18M

25M

8M

8M

8M

15M 30M

10M

15M

10M

30M 10M 20M

10M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

30M

11M

30 M

8M

10M

11M

11M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M 15M

11M

8M 30M

8M

30M

15M

10M

15 M 15M

30M

30M

5M

5M 10M

8M

8M 8M

8M

11M

8M 30M 8M

6M

8M

11M

12M

30 M

30M M 30

8M 8M

8M

8M

12M

12M

6M

30M

8M

30M

8M

30M

8M

11M 16M

M 12

20M

18M 11M

8M

8M

11M

8M

15M

15M 20M

20M

20M

30M

10M

8M

11M

8M 8M

30M

30M

30M

8M 6M

11M

M 30

8M

12M

8M

30M

M 30

30M

6M

6M

8M

8M

20M

6M

12M 14M

30M

11M 8M

8M

12M

8M

16M

11M

8M

8M

11M 11M 11M

11M

10M

20M

40M

8M 30M

8M

6M

M 30

30M

30M

8M

40M

8M

6M

20M

6M

8M

6M

30M 11 M 8M

8M

8M

9M 30M

12M

11M

11M

8M

8M

8M

6M

30M

6M

6M

30M 15M

8M

6M

12M 6M

6M

30M

30M

11M

1 1M

8M

8M

8M 30M

20M 0

12M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

30M

8M

6M

6M

8M 14M

6M 8M

8M

7M 11M

11M

8M

8M

9M

M 30

20M

11M

8M

8M

8M 8M

M 30

8M

8M

8M

6M

30M

6M

30M

8M 8M

6M

8M

8M

30M

11M

6M

11M

7.5

12M

8M

11M

30M

11M

0

20M

8M 8M

8M

18M 11M

M 30

8M

30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

30M

30M

8M

6M 15M

30M

20M

14M

8M 22M

8M

11M 12M

8M

8M

8M

11M M 30

11M

7M

8M

11 M

18M

30M

30M 8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M 6M

6M

30M

8M

M 30

40M

6M

12M

12M

8M

30M 30M

11 M

8M

8M

20M

8M

8M

8M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

30M 19M

12M

11M

6M

6M

9M

30M 8M

8M

11 M

8M 8M

2 0M

8M

8M

8M

11M

15M

15M

8M

8M

6M

30M

30M

8M

5M 6M

8M

9M

12 M

8M 8M

11M

8M

7M

30M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

30M

20M

30M

40M

30M

30M

8M

8M

30M

10M

11M

30M

7M

8M

6M

30M

8M

8M

8M 12M

30M

8M 30M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

15M

10M

6M

8M

23M

8M

15M

20M

20M 15M

8M

30M

8M

8M

8M

30M

30M

30M 6M

6M

6M

6M

11M

8M

30M

30M

30M

15M

30M

12M

6M 8M

8M

8M

11M

M 30 11M

8M

M 11

11M

11M

M 11

11M

M 11

11M

ÿ%% ÿ二 巷 一悀 弄@弄 KZ 

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

15M

15M

15M

11M

8M

30M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

30M

8M 8M

M 19

8M

11M

8M

8M

9M

8M

8M

20M

20M

10M

10M

30M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M 30M

M 30

30M

8M

19M 11M

19M

8M

8M

8M

12.5M

R=5M

30M

8M

20M 6M

20M

15M

15M

M 30

30M

8M

0

12.5 M

6M

30M

8M

8M

6M 6M

11M

30M

20M

10M 20M

20M 20M

M 30

M 30

11M 8M

8M

6M

6M

30M

30M

8M

11M

15M

1 0M

20M

3 0M

15M

30M

15M

30M

19M

30M

30M

15M 10M 15M

15M

10M

15M

8M

30M

8M

8M

30M

30M

30M

15M

20M

20M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

30M

10M

40M

40M

30M

8M

KZ  巷 一悀 弄@弄 ÿ%% ÿ二

6M

6M 20M

8M 6M

30M

30M

8M

8M

40M

40M

6M

30M

30M

0

8M

8M

14M 6M 12M

30M

30M

10M

8M

8M

8M

4M

20M

60 M

8M

6M

15M

8M

30M

6M

8M

6M

6M 8M

30M

30M 8M

8M

8M

8M

60M

8M 6M

8M

30M

11 M

6M

14M

8M

12M

40M

8M

20M

2 0M

20M

20M

20M

60M

6M

30M

12M

20M

6M 12M

8M

6M

6M

30M 8M

8M

40M

18M

15M

30M

6M

8M

8M 6M

8M

6M

6M

7M

12M

12M

8M 8M

12M 8M

6M

8M 6M

6M

11M M 16

16M

12M

30M

6M

6M

12M

8M

6M

8M

6M

8M 8M

30M

8M 8M

9M 30M

20M 0

12M

1 1M

10M 30M 15M

8M

6M

8M

8M

11 M

30M

6M 11M

6M

6M

8M

7M

20M

8M

30M 9M

30M

36M

30M

8M

30M

30M

30M

11M

30M

6M

8M 11M

6M

8M

8M

6M

6M

M 30

6M

8M

8M

30M

11M

30M

6M

30M

30M

8M

8M 8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

6M

M 30

8M

6M8M

8M

8M

30M

30M

30M

30M

30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

8M 6M

11M

6M

6M

15M

15M

6M

6M

9M

30M

8M

8M 11M

12M

30M

8M

30M

40M

8M

30M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

15M

6M

8M

15M

8M

15M 15M

6M

36M

8M

8M

6M

6M 8M

30M

6M

6M

8M

30M 8M

8M

8M

6M

6M 15M

15M

15M

15M

6M

6M

11M

15M 6M

20M

6M

8M

8M 8M

11M

8M 6M

6M

6M

6M 8M 8M

15M

30M

6M 30M

30M

30M

8M

4M

8M

8M 6M

6M

11M

11M

11M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

12M 6M

6M 8M

6M

6M 8M

30M

30M

30M

30M 8M

8M

8M

15M 6M

11M

11M 11M

11M

11M

11M

6M

6M 8M

8M

9M

8M

8M 8M

8M

11M

6M

8M

8M

20M

8M

6M

30M

8M

20M 30M

30M

8M

30M

30M

8M 8M

6M

8M

30M

30M

30M

8M 6M

11M

8M

20M

30M

30M

8M 30M

30M

8M

M 30

6M

30M

30M

30M

40M

30M

8M

8M

8M

11M 6M

11M

6M

6M

8M

8M

9M

8M

10M

30M

30M 30M

11M

8M 30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

11M

8M

8M

8M

30M

11M

8M 30M

6M

6M

8M

15M

30M 8M

40M

8M

8M 6M

8M

30M

30M

30M

11M 8M 25M

8M

30M

30M

20M 8M

8M

6M

19.5M

30M

30M

30M 8M

8M

15M

15M 11M

8M

30M

30M

6M

9M

8M

8M

8M

11M

30M

8M

6M

6M

6M

8M 15M

6M

8M 8M

30M

30M

15M 8M

8M

40M

30M

8M

6M

6M 30M 30M

30M 6M

11M

30M

8M

20M

11M

30M

30M

8M

19.5M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

6M

6M

16M

30M

30M

8M

8M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

6M

30M 30M

8M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

M 30

8M

30M 15M

15M

25M

20M

18M

8M

18M 11M

M 30

8M

30M

30M

8M

8M

15M

10M

20M

40M

8M

8M

30M

30M 8M

8M

30M

8M

8M

30M 15M

30M

8M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

15M

10M

8M

6M

8M

8M 6M

30M 6M

40M

15M

30M

11M

30M

30M

30M 8M

30M

8M

12M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M 6M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

20M

8M

8M

8M

15M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

40M

10M

6M

20M

6M

8M

8M

7M 8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

6M

8M

30M

30M

25M

6M

6M

6M 15M

18M

8M 8M

8M

12M

12M

20M

6M

8M

8M

6M

8M

40M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

30M

6M

14M

30M 15M

40M

11 M

30M 8M

30M 6M

30 M

12M

30M

8M

8M

6M 8M

6M 6M

6M

6M

6M

8M

8M 6M

6M

30M

6M

40M

30M 30M

30M

8M

15 M

15M

15M

15M

15M

6M

8M

6M

12M

12M

15M

6M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

6M 15M

6M

30M

30M

15M

8M

8M

6M

8M

6M

20M

15M 8M 20M

20M 22M 8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

12M

12M

6M

30M

8M

30M

8M

12M

8M

8M 30M

20M

3 0M

40M

30M

11M

15M

11M

40M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M 6M

8M

8M

6M

20M

6M

12M 14M

30M

11M 8M

8M 8M

8M 9M

30M

7M

8M 6M

6M

30M

30M 30M

40M 20M

20M

8M

8M

11M

8M

15M

8M

8M 8M

20M

8M

6M

8M 8M

6M

8M

6M

30M 11 M 8M 1 1M

8M

8M

8M

30M

11M

0

8M

30M 30M

8M 15M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M 8M

8M

20M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

15M

3 0M 40M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

11M

30M

8M

6M

30M

30M

15M 8M

30M 8M

8M

8M

8M 10 M

20M

8M

6M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M 8M

6M

8M 8M 8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

6M

6M 6M 6M

8M

11M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

10M

20M

11M

8M

8M

6M 8M

8M

11M

8M

8M 8M

8M

8M8M

8M

8M

30M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

10M 11M

11M

6M

8M 8M

8M

8M

15M 8M

8M

ÿ%% ÿ二 巷 一悀 弄@弄 KZ 

30M

8M

8M

11M 20M

8M 6M

6M 15M

8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

15M

15M 8M

60 M

11M

15M

8M

8M

8M

8M

25M

14M

8M 18M

30 M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

5M

11M 8M

20M

8M

11M

15M

8M

6M

15M

8M

8M

8M

20M

10M

20M

60M

8M

25M

8M

18M

8M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

10M

11M

8M

15M

8M

M 15

15M

15M

6M

6M

6M

8M

8M 8M

6M

12M 6M

6M

30M

30M

11M

11M

11M

11M M 30

11M

7M

20M

8M

M 11

8M

30M

8M

6M

20M

8M 14M

6M 8M

8M

7M 11M

8M

30M 30M

11 M

8M

8M

11 M

8M

8M

20M

30M

8M

8M

11M

8M5M 8M

5M

6M 15M

15M

11M

8M

8M

15M

6M

8M

20M

11M

8M

15M

15M

8M

6M 6M

20M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

15M

8M

6M

30M

30M

30M

8M

20M

20M

20M

15M

10M

60M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

23M

11M

30M

40M 8M

M 23

23M

10M

10M 30M

8M

8M

20M

5M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

15M

6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

20M

10M 20M

40M

20M

25M

8M

8M

8M

11M

18M

5M

30M

8M

30M 10M

11M

15M

30M

20M

15M 8M

8M

5M

5M 15M 8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

M 20 M 11

8M 11M

8M

20M

6M

6M

8M

8M

10M

10M

20M

15M

8M

11M

8M

5M

5M

20M

11M

8M

11M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

20M

14M

12M

11M

30 M

10M

20M 10M

10M 15M

8M 5M

8M

8M

30M

30M

30M

11M

6M

11M

7.5

12M

8M

8M

8M

9M

30M 8M

8M

10M

30M 5M

8M

8M

6M

M 30

11M 12M

8M

9M

12 M

8M 8M

8M

11 M

8M

8M

8M

8M

12M

12M

30M

8M

6M 8M

8M 22M

8M

30M 8M

6M

40M

6M

20M

14M 12M

11M

6M

6M

11M

M 30 11M

11M

8M

20M

23M

8M

11M

11M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

5M 6M

8M

30M

8M

M 30

8M

8M

8M

11M

30M

8M

8M

M 11

8M

8M

8M

19M

6M

8M

8M

8M 30M

M 30

30M

8M

8M

M 19

8M

11M

11M

8M

8M

8M

11M

30M

19M 11M

11M

8M

M 11

6M

30M

M 30

M 30

8M

19M

8M

M 11

11M

11M

8M 15M

15M 11M

30M

15M

11M

5M

11 M

11M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

20M 11M

15M

8M

14M

11M

6M

18M

10M 30M

15M

15M

11M 11M

6M 6M

8M

8M

8M

11M

20M

8M 8M

6M

12M

14M

10M

8M

6M

11M

30M 20M

20M

11M

8M

8M

18M 11M

8M

18M

8M

8M

20M

15M

20M

15M

15M

15M

6M

6M

8M

8M 8M

11M

8M

8M 30M

M 30

11M

14M

11M

10M

8M

10M

30M 8M

9M

30M

30M

11M

15M

15M

20M

30M

11M

11M

11M 11M 11M

11M

8M

8M

8M

20M

10M

11M

11M

8M

15M

30M

30M 10M

30M

15M

5M

5M

M 20

M 11

8M

8M

30M

11M

30 M

8M

8M

11M

12M

8M

30M

30M

30M

15M

8M 30M

15M

15M

30M

10M

5M

15M

5M

20M

8M

8M 8M

8M

11M

8M 30M 8M

6M

6M

30M

10M

30M 10M

30M 5M

15M

20M

6M

8M

8M M 11

8M 8M

30M

30M

30M

8M 6M

11M

M 30

8M

8M

30 M

30M M 30

30M

8M 30M

30M

15M

15M

30M

30M

20M 10M

8M

11M

8M

30M

10M

11M

30M

7M

8M

6M

30M

8M

8M

12M

8M

30M

M 30

30M

15M

10M

30M 10M 20M

10M

8M 8M

11M

8M

8M

30M

30M

30M 6M

6M

6M

6M

11M

8M

12M

9M

30M

36M

30M

8M

30M

15M

30M

30M

5M

5M 10M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11 M

30M

6M 11M

6M

6M

8M

7M

30M

30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

30M

11M

15 M

20M

20M

30M

10M

30M

8M

30M

11M

30M

6M

8M 11M

6M

8M

8M

6M

6M

M 30

20M

8M

8M

8M

30M

30M

30M

30M

15M

30M

40M

30M

30M

30M

6M

30M

30M

8M

8M 8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

6M

M 30

8M

9M

30M

8M

8M 11M

12M

30M

20M

15M

8M

30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

8M 6M

11M

6M

6M

15M

15M

6M

6M

15M 15M

6M

6M8M 36M

30M

8M

6M

6M 8M 30M

20M

8M

6M

8M

30M

40M

8M

30M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

15M

6M

8M

15M

8M 15M 6M

20M 8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M 6M

6M

6M

6M 8M 8M

30M

0

8M

8M

M 11

6M

6M

8M

30M 8M

8M

8M

6M

6M 15M

15M

15M

15M

6M

6M

11M

6M

6M

9M

8M

8M

8M

8M

12M 6M

6M 8M

6M

6M 8M

30M

30M

8M

4M

8M

8M 6M

6M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

11M

8M

8M 8M

30M 30M

8M

8M

8M

11M

6M

8M

8M

20M

8M

6M

30M

30M

30M

6M 30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

15M 6M

11M

11M 11M

6M

6M

8M

8M

20M

8M

30M

8M

8M 8M

6M

8M

30M

30M

30M

8M 6M

30M

30M 8M

8M

8M

11M 6M

11M

30M 30 M

6M

11M

9M

8M

10M

30M

8M 30M

30M

8M

M 30

6M

30M

30M

30M

15M

30M

30M

8M 30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

40M

30M 8M

8M 6M

8M

30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

30M

30M 11M

8M 30M

6M

6M

8M

15M

30M 8M

40M

30M 8M

8M

15M

15M

8M

30M

30M

8M

20M

8M 25M

8M

30M

30M

20M 8M

8M

6M

19.5M

30M

30M

30M

8M

40M

30M

8M

11M

30M

30M

30M 6M

9M

8M

8M

8M

30M

11M

8M

6M

6M

6M

8M 15M

6M

8M 8M

30M

15M 10M

1 0M

40M

20M

20M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

11M 8M

20M

20M

8M

30M

30M

30M

15M

8M

4M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20 M

8M

6M

30M

30M 10M

30M

15M

20M 8M 8M

8M

18M 11M

M 30

8M

30M

8M

M 30

8M

30M

15M

10M

11M

20M 30M

30M 6M

40M

15M

30M

6M

6M 30M

30M 8M

11M

6M

6M

11M

8M

20M

11M

11M

30M

30M

8M

19.5M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

12M

30M

8M 14M

30M 15M

40M

11 M

11M

30M

30M

6M

15M

15M

16M

30M

30M

30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

8M

8M

30M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

6M

6M

30M 30M

8M

30M

15M

6M

30M

6M

40M

30M 8M

30M 15 M

15M

15M 6M

8M

12M

8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

8M

15M

8M

6M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

7M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

40M

10M

6M

20M

6M

8M

20M

6M

6M 15M

18M

6M

6M

6M

8M

30M

30M

25M

6M

8M

8M

6M

8M

40M

8M 8M

8M

12M

12M

20M

6M 6M 8M

6M 6M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

6M 6M

6M

30M

30M 30M

30M

8M

8M

8M

11M

12M

30M

8M

8M

6M

12M

12M

15M

6M

6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

19M

12.5 M

8M

3 0M

30M

15M

20M

20M

8M

15M

6M

8M

20M

15M 8M 20M

20M 22M 8M

6M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

6M

15M

6M

30M

30M 30M

40M

30M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M 6M

30M

8M 15M

40M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

40M

15M

8M

8M 8M

20M

8M

6M

6M

6M

6M

8M 6M

8M

8M

6M

8M

30M

30M

15M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M 8M

8M

8M

20M

8M

8M

6M

6M

8M

8M

6M

8M 6M

8M

8M

8M

30M

8M

30M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

20M

8M

6M

8M 8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

30M 8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

8M

8M

11M

6M

6M 6M 6M

8M

11M

8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

0

8M

8M

8M

20M

30M

8M

8M

10 M

11M

8M

8M

6M 8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

6M

8M

11M

8M 23M

23M

10M

10M 30M

10M

20M

10M 11M

11M

6M

8M 8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

8M8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

20M 5M

11M 8M

20M

8M

8M

8M

15M 8M

8M

6M

8M

8M

30M 10M

11M

11M

15M

8M

10M

11M

8M

15M

8M

M 15

15M

11M

15M

8M

6M

6M

8M

11M

30M

8M

8M5M 8M

5M

6M 15M

15M

11M

8M

15M

6M

8M

8M

8M

15M 11M

8M

6M 6M

20M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

15M

6M

12M

11M

6M

8M

11M

8M

15M

15M

8M 6M

6M

6M

8M

8M

8M

6M

15M

8M

6M

6M

6M

12M

14M

18M

8M

8M

11M

20M

8M

8M

8M

8M 8M

8M

M 20 M 11

8M 11M

8M

6M

8M

15M

6M

6M

14M

6M

14M

11M

10M

10M

8M

20M

5M 11M

5M 15M 8M

8M

8M

20M

11M

8M

11M

11M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

20M

14M

8M

11M

12M

8M

10M

10M

20M 8M

20M

8M

5M

11M

8M

5M

8M

11 M

11M

8M

8M

11M

8M

8M

20M 6M

6M

20M

11M

8M

8M

8M

30M

10M

10M

15M 8M

8M

11M

5M

5M

6M 6M

8M

8M

8M

11M

20M

8M

8M 15M

8M 8M

8M

12M

8M

30 M

30M

30 M

10M

20M 10M

10M 15M

8M 5M

8M

11M 11M

6M

8M

8M 8M

11M

8M

8M

11M

M 30

8M

M 30

12M

11 M

8M 15M

15M

10M

30M

15M

8M

15M

6M

M 11

8M

8M

30M

11M

30M

M 30

8M

8M M 30

30M

30M

12.5M

8M

15M

15M

30M

30M

15M 15M

15M

15M M 20

8M

8M 8M

8M

11M

8M 30M 8M

30 M

11M

30M

30M

30M

15M

15M

5M

5M

8M

8M M 11

8M 8M

30M

30M

30M

8M 6M

6M

10M 30M

15M

5M

20M

8M

11M

8M

30M

10M

11M

30M

7M

8M

6M

30M

10M

5M

15M

20M

6M

11M

8M

8M

30M

30M

30M 6M

6M

6M

6M

11M

6M

15M

6M

30M

15M

15M

30M 10M

30M

5M

10M

8M 8M

11 M

30M

30M

6M 11M

6M

6M

8M

7M

6M

6M

8M 15M 6M

30M

8M

6M

15M

10M 30M

30M

20M

10M

8M

8M

8M

8M

30M

30M

6M

8M 11M

6M

8M

8M

6M

5M

5M 30M

8M

30M

11M

30M

8M

8M 8M

6M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

8M

11M

8M

30M

20M 10M 10M

30M

6M

30M

6M

8M

8M

8M 6M

11M

6M

6M

15M

15M

15M

6M

10M

30M

8M