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Volume 2 • Issue 48

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The Campbell County Observer November 30 - December June 17 -7, 24,2012 2011

“If it doesn’t have to do with Campbell County, we don’t care!”


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First Lady Carol Mead announces Farson-Eden School selected to create Wyoming’s ornaments for the 2012 National Christmas Tree display

First Lady Carol Mead, along with the National Park Foundation, announced today that ornaments designed and created by FarsonEden secondary students have been chosen to be displayed on Wyoming’s tree. This will be part of the 2012 National Christmas Tree display in President’s Park in Washington, D.C. Farson-Eden teachers Karen Anderson, Mike Scott, and 18 of their students join artists and youth from each U.S. state, territory, and the District of Columbia in sending 24 ornaments for their respective state or territory tree. “I am delighted to congratulate the FarsonEden students and happy that their creativity will be celebrated in our nation’s capital,” said Mrs. Mead. “We are pleased to represent Wyoming in showcasing our state’s beauty and natural resources in the National Christmas Tree

display,” said Karen Anderson, Farson-Eden English and Academic Options teacher. The artists designed bulbs using as many natural resources as possible. Students depicted some of the well-known landscapes such as Grand Teton National Park, Devil’s Tower Monument, Killpecker Sand Dunes, and the high deserts and rivers in our state. Also showcased in the ornaments are the seasons; trees, such as pines and aspen; and our state’s energy-related natural resources such as coal, natural gas, and trona. “We are very pleased that Farson-Eden Academic Options Artists will represent Wyoming in this year’s National Christmas Tree display,” said Neil Mulholland, President and CEO of the National Park Foundation. “This time honored tradition is the perfect way to kick off the holiday season.”

As one of America’s oldest holiday traditions, the National Christmas Tree Lighting began on Christmas Eve in 1923, when President Calvin Coolidge lit a Christmas tree in front of 3,000 spectators on the Ellipse in President’s Park. Since 1923, each succeeding President has carried on the tradition of what now has become a month-long event presented by the National Park Foundation and National Park Service. In addition to the National Christmas Tree display, President’s Park hosts a variety of family-oriented holiday attractions, such as the Santa’s Workshop, nightly holiday performances, a Yule log, nativity scene, and model train display. Farson-Eden School is a small, rural K-12 school in southwestern Wyoming with approximately 145 students.

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UW Professor’s Delayed Greenland Ice Melt Research published in Nature Submitted by the University of Wyoming Neil Humphrey agrees there’s no denying that the Greenland Ice Sheet is melting. But he and other scientists who have recently documented surface melt of the country contend Greenland is melting at a slower rate than the current world consensus of scientific thought. Humphrey, a University of Wyoming professor of geology & geophysics, cowrote a paper with four other researchers that contends this point. The paper, titled “Greenland Ice Sheet Contribution to Sea Level Rise Buffered by Meltwater Storage in Firn,”appeared in today’s issue (Nov. 8) of Nature. “We’re not saying Greenland is not melting,” Humphrey says. “What we’re saying is it will be one to two decades longer before we start seeing the melt.” That’s because Humphrey and other researchers’ data -- collected on the western flank of the Greenland Ice Sheet from 2007-2009 -shows that the water generated by repeated recent melt events penetrates deeply into the snow and firn (partially compact snow). This fills the pore space and diminishes the amount of meltwater that actually runs off into the ocean. As future surface melt intensifies due to Arctic warming, a fraction of meltwater -- that would otherwise add to the rise in sea levels -- fills tens of meters of existing pore space of the percolation zone. The percolation zone is a region of the accumulation area that is perennially covered by snow and firn, Humphrey says. “The snow is so deep and so cold that, even though it’s melting, the melt infiltrates into the lower, colder snow

and refreezes,” Humphrey says. “We calculate there is one to two decades of pore space within the snowpack. You get denser snowpack. After 10 or 20 years, it (the pore space) fills up.” Thus, the routing of surface meltwater -- that fills the pore space of the partially compacted snow -acts as a buffer between climate warning and sea-level response. As a result, this delays expansion of the ice sheet area contributing to sea-level rise. “While other people (scientists) are predicting up to a one-half foot sea rise by 2050, we’re actually saying our data shows that any rise that will occur will be delayed by one or two decades,” says Humphrey of the paper he termed as “controversial.” “A half-foot rise is significant. Half of Florida would be under water. New Orleans would be gone.” If the entire Greenland Ice Sheet – which is about 660,000 square miles or nearly three times the size of Texas -- were to melt, that would add approximately 20 feet of water above the current sea level worldwide and would be catastrophic, Humphrey says. To obtain their research data, Humphrey and his research group traversed a roughly 100-kilometer area in the western interior of the Greenland Ice Sheet. The group drilled holes in the snow and ice, and installed temperature sensing strings 30 feet down into the snowpack. Each string included 32 sensors that recorded temperatures at five-minute intervals over a three-year period. The core of the firn should be approximately 15 de-

grees, which is the temperature at which snow falls in Greenland, Humphrey says. Data logged by the sensors revealed the core’s temperature was much warmer than that, meaning water was infiltrating the firn, he says. The available pore space in the partially compacted snow showed strong elevation dependency. Infiltration of meltwater and refreezing events filled available pore space in the firn column with ice, and reduced remaining pore space. This 2,000-meter height represents the lowest elevation at which partial snowpack was not reduced by prior meltwater

infiltration and refreezing, Humphrey says. With decreased elevation, where it is warmer, meltwater infiltration events were of greater magnitude and increase in number, Humphrey says. “There’s been a lot of media hype about the melting of Greenland. It’s caught the public’s imagination,” he says. “Other than the media, scientists have been predicting significant amounts of snowmelt will occur quickly in Greenland.” However, despite the snowmelt, the meltwater runoff will not be so fast, according to Humphrey’s research.

Neil Humphrey, a UW professor of geology & geophysics, stands next to a temperature sensor instrument in Greenland. He co-wrote a research paper that appears in the Nov. 8 issue of Nature.

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November 30 - December 7, 2012

Wyoming joins Alliance dedicated to increasing college completion

Governor Matt Mead accepted an invitation for Wyoming to join the Complete College America Alliance of States. As part of this Alliance, Wyoming will work on plans to significantly increase the number of students successfully completing college. Governor Mead has assembled a team representing Wyoming community colleges, the University of Wyoming, the executive branch and employers to develop the plans. “We invest a lot in the education of Wyoming children – from kindergar-

ten through graduation and into college with the Hathaway Scholarship. I believe these investments are a wise use of our money and am proud of the programs we have in place,” Governor Mead said. “But, the data shows we can do better at preparing students for college.” The team Governor Mead assembled will also set goals for college completion at the state level and at the campus level and report on progress each year. “I believe Wyoming’s team can

serve as a tool for educators at all levels as we make improvements in helping students before and after they enter college,” Governor Mead said. “Improving college completion rates at the University of Wyoming and in community colleges means a better workforce and a brighter future for these men and women.” The Wyoming Community College Commission will prepare baseline data on college completion based on metrics from the Complete College America Alliance.

Campbell County Observer



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DWS - “Hire Wyoming’s Heroes”

In honor of our military service men and women this Veteran’s Day, the Wyoming Department of Workforce Services is recognizing thousands of Wyoming veterans who have fought for the safety and security of our nation. In light of these heroes’ courageous service, the Wyoming Department of Workforce Services is highlighting its statewide efforts and commitment to the brave men and women who have served our country, and encourages Wyoming employers to hire these important members of our community. “The Wyoming Department of

Workforce Services has significant resources to aid Wyoming’s heroes in re-entering the workforce, including career counseling, résumé writing, interview instruction, training and job placement. I urge veterans to take advantage of the considerable tools available to them through the Wyoming Department of Workforce Services,” said Joan Evans, Director of the Wyoming Department of Workforce Services. “America’s veterans are incredible resources in our community. Their significant leadership skills, teamwork, and loyalty are unmatched; these qualities are consis-

tently found in service members and are a testament to their military experience and dedication to our country. I strongly encourage Wyoming employers to include veterans as a vital component of their workforce.” Among the services offered to Wyoming’s veterans by the Department and its partners are: priority of service, transition assistance, career guidance, job search aid, outreach services, résumé writing, skills assessments, supportive services and training and special assistance from DWS veteran representatives, among other services.

Fall commencement set for Dec. 6-8 at UW

Fall commencement ceremonies at the University of Wyoming will be held Thursday-Saturday, Dec. 6-8. The multicultural graduation celebration will be at 3:30 p.m. Thursday, Dec. 6, in the Wyoming Union Yellowstone Ballroom. The College of Arts and Sciences program, along with a ceremony for Col-

lege of Agriculture and Natural Resources graduates, will be held in the Arts and Sciences auditorium Friday, Dec. 7, at 4 p.m. The School of Energy Resources reception will be from 3-5 p.m. Friday at the UW Conference Center at the Hilton Garden Inn, Salon F. The College of Business will hold its ceremony at 10

a.m. in the Arts and Sciences auditorium Saturday, Dec. 8. At the same time, the College of Health Sciences program will be held in the Wyoming Union Yellowstone Ballroom. The College of Engineering and Applied Science ceremony will be Saturday at 1:30 p.m. in the Arts and Sciences Auditorium.


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Campbell County Observer

November 30 - December 7, 2012

Inbound trade mission connects foreign buyers to domestic sellers Submitted by Matt Cox - Wyoming Business Council ery and the Jackson Hole Buffalo Meat Company to meet the business owners and sample specialty food products tied to the area. Randall said this particular event was unique because WUSATA rarely gets opportunities to host inbound trade missions with food buyers from different countries at the same time. “Since Wyoming is somewhat limited with the number of food related companies that can produce enough product for international trade, our efforts are generally targeted to developing trade relations with Canadian or European countries,” said Randall. “Wyoming, Hawaii and Colorado generally partner to plan and conduct events like these on an annual basis.” Following this inbound trade mission, Randall is planning the next WUSATA specialty foods outbound trade mission Dec. 2 – 5, 2012 to Vancouver, British Columbia. For more information on WUSATA trade missions, contact Donn Randall by phone at 307.777.6578 or by email at donn.randall@ The WUSATA programs are designed specifically to help agribusinesses based in the Western United States explore, enter and expand into the global marketplace and includes 11 states including Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, New Mexico, Utah, Washington and Wyoming.

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Campbell County Observer 5105 Tarry St. Gillette, WY 82718 (PP-1) Volume 2 Issue 48 The Campbell County Observer is published by Patriot Publishing L.L.C. in Gillette, WY every Friday. 5105 Tarry St. Gillette, WY 82718 Postmaster: Send address changes to 5105 Tarry St. Gillette, WY 82718

Turkey Track Lane road closure and Shoshone Avenue lane closure

The City of Gillette’s Utilities Department announced today that Turkey Track Lane will be closed from Wednesday, November 28th through Friday, December 14th for work on the Flying Circle Sewer and Water Improvements.



in,” said Donn Randall, Wyoming’s WUSATA representative and the Business Council Agribusiness Division’s Crop and Forage Program Manager. “These connections have the potential to further trade relations into untapped foreign markets.” According to Randall, Canada and Europe are both excellent target markets for U.S. producers of gluten-free, natural, organic and specialty foods. “The United States and Canada have the world’s largest bilateral trading relationship,” said Randall. “In 2011, U.S. agricultural exports to Canada totaled $22.3 billion with 30 percent of that, $6.7 billion, being exported from WUSATA states.” The event allowed U.S. producers to meet oneon-one with pre-screened European food buyers, allowed them an opportunity to showcase their specialty food products, let them discuss potential purchasing plans, and allowed them to learn more about the needs of the buyers. In addition to the international companies mingling and talking shop with the U.S. producers, the trade mission included a tour of the Jackson Fork Ranch in Teton County. The tour allowed the foreign delegation the opportunity to see a working Wyoming ranch and get to know the U.S. business men and women in a less formal setting. They also toured Dragon Lady Teas, Bunnery Natural Foods, Snake River Brew-

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The Wyoming Business Council Agribusiness Division, along with the Colorado State Department of Agriculture, recently hosted an inbound trade mission in Wyoming to introduce Western United States agriculture producers to food buyers from Europe and Canada interested in potentially buying their specialty food products. Three gluten-free buyers from Europe, two from the United Kingdom and one from France, and five gluten-free buyers from Canada, participated in the inbound trade mission held in Jackson, Wyo., Nov. 8-10, 2012 to meet with four gluten-free producers from Montana, Utah and Wyoming. The U.S. companies that participated were Wild Rose Emu Ranch, Hamilton, Mont., Seal Sama Foods, Salt Lake City, Utah, Tastie Foods International, Cody, Wyo., and Gluten Free Oats, Powell, Wyo. The trip, administered by the Business Council through the Western United States Trade Association (WUSATA), which is a program of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Marketing Assistance Program (MAP), was designed to acquaint national agriculture producers with international buyers interested in purchasing their ag commodities. “The goal of this trade mission was to introduce the international buyers to U.S. companies that offer the specialty food products they are most interested

Turkey Track Lane

Turkey Track Lane between Hogeye and West Flying Circle will be closed from Wednesday, November 28th through Friday, December 14th for work on the Flying Circle Drive sewer and water improvements project.

Registration opens for Museum Mystery Day The Campbell County Rockpile Museum is now accepting registrations for Museum Mystery Day on Saturday, January 12th. This free event is open to children ages 5 to 12 years old, accompanied by a parent or grandparent. Families are invited to put their detective skills to work from 10 a.m. to noon, and help solve The Case of the Fossil Fumbler. Call 682-5723 to reserve your spot today, as space is limited. Call for more information or visit The Campbell County Rockpile Museum is located at 900 W. Second Street in Gillette, Wyoming.

Candice De Laat - Owner/Publisher


Nicholas De Laat - Owner/Editor

Sandra Boehler (Charities/Fundraisers/Veterans Events)

Keary Speer - Editor

Glenn Woods (Political Column)

Anne Peterson - Advertising Sales Manager

Mike Borda (American History)

Robyn Brooks - Sales/Marketing

Jeff Morrison (Local History Contributor)

Dale Russell - Sales/Marketing

Valarie Terry (Sports Writer)

Owen Clarke - Ad Design

Amanda Wright (Government/Politics Reporter)

Ken McCoy - Distribution Manager

Shawn Connors (Community Writer)

Clint Burton - Photographer

James Grabrick (Where is This?)

Weekly Weather Forecast Saturday,







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Rain: 0% Wind: SW at 21 Sunrise: 7:18 Solar noon: 11:51 Sunset: 16:25 Moonrise: 19:19 Moonset: 9:32 Day length: 9h 7m

Rain: 0% Wind: SSW at 25

Sunrise: 7:19 Solar noon: 11:51 Sunset: 16:24 Moonrise: 20:18 Moonset: 10:08 Day length: 9h 5m

Rain: 10% Wind: WNW at 26 Sunrise: 7:20 Solar noon: 11:52 Sunset: 16:24 Moonrise: 21:20 Moonset: 10:40 Day length: 9h 4m

Rain: 10% Wind: W at 17 Sunrise: 7:21 Solar noon: 11:52 Sunset: 16:24 Moonrise: 22:23 Moonset: 11:10 Day length: 9h 3m

Rain: 10% Wind: SW at 14 Sunrise: 7:22 Solar noon: 11:53 Sunset: 16:23 Moonrise: 23:28 Moonset: 11:38 Day length: 9h 1m

Weekly Weather Forecast Sponsored by

Rain: 30% Wind: WSW at 13 Sunrise: 7:23 Solar noon: 11:53 Sunset: 16:23 Moonrise: none Moonset: 12:05 Last Qtr: 8:33 Day length: 9h 0m

Rain: 0% Wind: W at 14 Sunrise: 7:24 Solar noon: 11:54 Sunset: 16:23 Moonrise: 0:35 Moonset: 12:33 Day length: 8h 59m

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November 30 - December 7, 2012



Funeral services for Jeanette Hildebrand was held at 10:00 a.m., Wednesday, November 21, 2012 at Family Life Church with Pastor Martin Crump officiating. Burial will follow in Mt. Pisgah Cemetery. Mrs. Hildebrand, age 75, of Gillette, Wyoming died at Close To Home Hospice House on Saturday, November 17, 2012 due to complications from COPD. Jeanette Lorraine Hildebrand was born February 26, 1937 at Agar, South Dakota to Iris D. (Fox) & Edward G. Tobin. She attended Sully County Schools and Agar High School, South Dakota. Jeanette married Raymond Eugene Wagner November 15, 1954 at Pierre, South Dakota. They were later divorced. Jeanette worked for Brandon Valley Schools in Brandon, South Dakota, she was the Maintenance Superintendent at Minnehaha County Public Safety Building in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Jeanette later moved to Gillette where she was the manager of Gambles Furniture in Gillette, Wyoming, and Maintenance Supervisor at Campbell County Parks and Recreation Department, Gillette. She married Leslie K. Hildebrand February 10, 1990 in Gillette. Jeanette was a member of the Gentian Chapter #23 and served as Worthy Matron from 1998-1999, American Legion Auxiliary, Gillette AARP, Family Life Church, and Presbyterian Church. Jeanette was Campbell County Employee of the Year in 1996 and Campbell County Park and Recreation Department Employee of the Year in 1989. She enjoyed quilting, gardening, and her flowers. Jeanette leaves behind three sons: Bill (Sandy) Wagner of Brandon, South Dakota, Ken (Vicki) Wagner of Gillette, Wyoming and Monte (Susie) Wagner of Casper, Wyoming; two sisters : Audrey (Phil) Mathews of Draper, South Dakota and Sharon (Jim) Lee of Clearwater, Minnesota; one brother, Robert (Mary) Tobin of Stone Mountain, Georgia; ten grandchildren and twentyone great grandchildren. She was preceded in death by her one daughter, Marlene in 2006, and one great granddaughter, Lilly. Memorials and condolences may be sent in Jeanette’s name in care of Gillette Memorial Chapel, 210 W. 5th Street, Gillette, Wyoming 82716 or condolences via the internet at


A gathering to celebrate the life of Larry Gene Schofield was held at 3:00 p.m., Monday, November 26, 2012 at the American Legion Hall in Gillette, Wyoming. Larry Gene Schofield was born May 11, 1947 to William and Layla Blanche (Magee) Schofield in

Greenville, Michigan. He attended school and graduated from Greenville High School in 1967. Following graduation Larry worked for Rural Bottle Gas in Greenville, MI before moving to Gillette WY in 1976. He was employed by Wyodak Coal Company until 1978 when he started working at Belle Ayr Mine later transferring to Eagle Butte Mine where he was employed at the time of his death. Larry enjoyed to ride his Harley and had been a member of the Wyoming Bikers Association. He also enjoyed hunting and playing golf. Larry loved the Denver Broncos and enjoyed watching the games, especially when they played the Raiders, so he could razz his kids Scott and Kelly. What he most enjoyed was quiet time with his four great grandchildren, especially Butch. At the end of the day, what everyone will remember, Larry was a kind, gracious and thoughtful man that would give the shirt off of his back for someone in need. Larry is survived by his sons, Jim Schofield and Scott (Stacey) Schofield both of Gillette, WY; daughter, Kelly Schofield of Gillette, WY; the mother of his children, Dorothy Schofield of Gillette; brothers, Bruce (Kay) Schofield of Morley, MI; Leo Schofield of Rogers, AR; Jim (Marilyn) Schofield of Gowen, MI; sister Cindy (Les) Lillie of Greenville, MI; six grandchildren, Lacey (Mike) Kelly, Talli (Kyle)Wagner, Haley Schofield, Leigha Champion, Dustan (Samantha) Swartz and Austin Velarde; four great grandchildren, Logan Schofield, Devin, Mason and Jaden Kelly as well as numerous nieces and nephews. He is preceded in death by his parents. Memorial and condolences may be sent in Larry’s name in care of Walker Funeral Home, 410 Medical Arts Court, Gillette, WY 82716. Condolences may also be sent via our website;

CORAL NORRIS A graveside service for Coral Norris was held at 11 a.m. Wednesday, November 28, 2012 at the Memorial Gardens Cemetery in Casper, WY. Mrs. Norris age 89 of Gillette, WY passed away Thursday, November 22, 2012 at the Pioneer Manor in Gillette of natural causes. Coral A. Norris was born October 20, 1923 in Midwest, Wyoming the daughter of Elmer and Gertrude (Weber) Day. She was raised and educated in Midwest, graduating from Midwest High School. Coral joined the U.S. Naval Training School after High School and received an honorable discharge in June of 1945. She married Charles Norris on June 25, 1949 in Casper, WY. Together the couple made their home in Midwest, raising their 3 sons. After her husband’s passing in 1983 Coral moved to Gillette to be close to family. When her health began to decline she became a resident in the Pioneer Manor in 2002. Coral liked to watch TV and en-

Community joyed reading her Bible. She especially enjoyed time spent with her family. Coral will be missed by her sons: Chas (Debbie) Norris of Gillette, Don (Jeanie) Norris of Shepherdstown, WV and Jerry (Maggie) Norris of Springfield, OR; sister, Dorothy Chipps of Denver, CO; brother, Charles Day of Maine; grandchildren, Derek Linnbary and Daren Linnbary of Grand Prairie, TX, Tony Norris of Shepherdstown, WV, Tanya Allee, Krista Terry and Dusty Norris of Gillette, WY; Brooke Norris of Springfield, OR; and by 15 great-grandchildren She is preceded in death by her parents Elmer and Gertrude Day, her husband Charles Norris, and her brother Levi Day. Memorials and condolences in Coral’s name can be sent in care of Gillette Memorial Chapel, 210 W. 5th St., Gillette, WY 82716. Condolences can also be sent via the internet at www.gillettememorial

gational Church in Rock Springs. They began their new life in Casper, WY where Ted was involved in the oil business. In her younger years, Marie loved to ski. She also loved to play golf and competed in Mother/ Daughter tournaments in Casper with her daughter Karen. Bridge was her favorite card game and she hosted many parties. When they moved to Denver, after starting their own oil mud company, she loved going to the Denver Bronco games. She would talk about having 5 inches of snow on their laps watching the games and having a great time with friends. Some of her favorite times were the annual trips to Southern Colorado to camp and fish in the mountains each 4th of July. Marie loved Christmas. She would transform her house every year into a Winter Wonderland full of miniature villages and decorated trees. She loved doing crafts and needlework, and above all, her life’s passion was gardening. She had the most beautiful flower gardens and awesome vegetables. While living in Casper in the 70’s, she was a member of the Ladies’ Petroleum Club. Later, after they moved to Denver, she belonged to the Petroleum A.I.M.E. Wives Club. She loved hosting parties and always had many friends where ever they lived. Ted and Marie moved to Odessa, TX in mid 1980s where they lived within a 2-mile radius of Ted’s brother and extended family. She moved to Gillette, WY in 2006 where she was able to spend the next 5 years with her grandchildren and greatgrandbabies, whom she loved more than anything in the world. Marie is survived by her brother, Lexi (Katherine) Perakis of Oklahoma City, OK, her daughter, Karen (Rick) Cone, her two grandsons, Brandon (Jami) Cone and Bradley Cone, four great-grandchildren, Madison, Aiden, Emma Lea, and Teddy, all of Gillette, WY and many loving nieces and nephews living in Texas, Missouri, Colorado and Oklahoma. Marie was preceded in death by her parents Alex and Rose Perakis, and her beloved husband, Ted Frisbie. A memorial has been established to benefit the American Cancer Society. Memorials and condolences may be sent to the family in care of Walker Funeral Home, 410 Medical Arts Court, Gillette, WY 82718. Condolences may also be sent via our website:

MARIE FRISBIE Marie Perakis Frisbie, 81, passed away on Sunday, November 25, 2012 at Pioneer Manor Long Term Care Facility in Gillette, WY. Services will be held at Walker Funeral Home on Friday, Nov. 30, 2012 at 2 p.m. Cremation has taken place. A memorial service and burial will be held in Odessa, TX at a later date. Marie Perakis Frisbie was born to Alex and Rose Perakis on December 10, 1930 in Grasscreek, UT. Alex Perakis came through Ellis Island in 1909 at the age of 17 from Khania, Crete, Greece. Alex later met Rose in her home state of Utah. Marie grew up in Winton, WY where her Dad worked as a coal miner from 1930-1950. Marie attended elementary school in Winton and graduated from Reliance High School in Reliance, WY in 1948. Her family then moved to Rock Springs, WY where her father continued to mine coal. After graduation, Marie began working at Sweetwater Memorial Hospital in Rock Springs, WY as a nurse’s aide. She also worked at JC Penney’s Department Store and later for Freeman’s Insurance. She then met the love of her life, Ted Frisbie. They married on March 12, 1960, at the First Congre-

Campbell County Observer

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Campbell County Observer

CCMH restricts visiting due to influenza

Campbell County Memorial Hospital has initiated visiting restrictions due to a recent rise in cases of influenza within the community. The Maternal Child and Labor & Delivery units at the hospital have restricted visiting to the mother’s spouse or significant other and two additional visitors at any one time. Children

under 12 years old are not permitted to visit. All visitors must wash their hands and wear a mask while visiting in the patient’s room. Visiting in Labor & Delivery is always limited to three, including the mother’s spouse or significant other. “Newborns are at a higher risk for contracting influenza than the gener-

al population,” according to Veronica Taylor, CCMH Infection Prevention Specialist. “November is quite early for visiting restrictions, therefore, we will continue to monitor the cases within the community and look to lift the restrictions as soon as it is safe for our patients and employees.”

Submitted by Kim Deti er to treat. “Normally when someone gets gonorrhea, they can visit a healthcare provider for treatment with antibiotics. However, we are finding that gonorrhea doesn’t respond as well to treatment as before due to increasing antibiotic resistance,” he explained. “Knowing about the link between STDs and HIV makes condom use and testing among sexually active individuals more important,” Johnston said. Condoms effectively prevent STD and HIV transmission. “The most common symptom of STDs and HIV is no symptom, which is why folks should get tested regularly for both and, if infected, seek care and treatment.” Johnston encouraged residents to talk with a medical professional about

their sexual behavior and testing. “Sexually active individuals should get tested for HIV and STDs annually or when they have a new partner,” Johnston said. “Without testing folks for both, we may miss STDs that can help lead to HIV transmission.” Johnston also mentioned the possibility that HIV medications are not as effective in controlling HIV in patients who also have STDs. “Treating HIVpositive patients may also mean taking care of other STDs,” he said. Wyoming residents are encouraged to visit for a free STD and HIV screening voucher. Participating sites are identified on an interactive web site map, as well as educational information.

It’s Donating Time Again

The Campbell County Observer is now taking donations for our Readers Choice Scholarship. The Observer is hoping to raise $1,000.00 this year for a scholarship that will be given to a student from Wright (Panthers) or Gillette (Camels). Students will be presenting the Observer with an essay, which the readers will vote on their favorite and the most deserving. The only conditions are that the student must graduate from either Wright High School or Gillette High School and will be attending Gillette College in the fall. The scholarship will be put in their account at Gillette College by the Campbell County Observer. “We are the local news-

paper, we take our community that we live and work in very personal. So we decided to do everything we can to keep the money local,” said Observer owner Nicholas De Laat. “And, community college attendees do not get the financial help from scholarships at the same level as the kids going to Universities.” Observer owner Candice De Laat stated that “The money is donated by community, given to a young adult from our community, and spent on further education in our community… for our community. This is what we are all about, from the owners to the workers of our company.” The Campbell County Observer has donated over $68,000.00 in money, ad-

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HIV and STD Connection makes testing for both important The connection between HIV infection and the presence of other sexually transmitted diseases is likely an overlooked area of HIV prevention, according to a Wyoming Department of Health representative. Rob Johnston, HIV Prevention Program manager with the Wyoming Department of Health, said evidence indicates persons who have a sexually transmitted disease (STD) are far more likely to get HIV if exposed to the virus through sexual contact. “STDs weaken the immune system and sometimes cause sores that can serve as entry points for HIV,” Johnston said. In 2010, Wyoming had 23 newly reported HIV cases. Unfortunately, Johnston said, STDs such as gonorrhea are getting hard-

November 30 - December 7, 2012

vertising, and product to help local charities so far in 2012. “And this in only our second year in business!” said Mrs. De Laat. “The more we grow, the more we give.” She does not, however, want to discount the most important part of giving to these local charities. “Our customers and subscribers are the glue that holds everything together. If you want to thank someone for all the giving, thank them. They deserve it most!” To donate to the Campbell County Observer’s Readers Choice Scholarship go to their website at or call (307) 6708980.

Warden’s Corner

Bobcat season is in full swing and trappers should keep in mind that Game and Fish Commission Regulation requires them to check traps and snares regularly. Leg-hold traps must be checked once in each 72 hour period while quick-kill body grip traps as well as snares must be checked once each week. All wildlife that is caught shall be removed immediately by the owner of the traps and non-target catches shall be released unharmed. If the non-target catch is a big or trophy game animal, game bird, protected animal or raptor and it has been injured and may not live or is dead the trapper is required to notify a Department law enforcement officer. Additional regulations apply to trappers using snares so remember to consult your Furbearer/Trapping regulations that are available at any license selling agent.

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November 30 - December 7, 2012



Campbell County Observer

Campbell County Observer


November 30 - December 7, 2012

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November 30 - December 7, 2012


Campbell County Observer

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service releases annual list of candidates for Endangered Species Act protection

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service today released its Candidate Notice of Review, a yearly appraisal of the current status of plants and animals considered candidates for protection under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Three species have been removed from candidate status, two have been added, and nine have a change in priority from the last review conducted in October of 2011. There are now 192 species recognized by the Service as candidates for ESA protection, the lowest number in more than 12 years. This reduction reflects the Service’s successful efforts to implement a court-approved work plan that resolves a series of lawsuits concerning the agency’s ESA Listing Program. Since its implementation, this agreement has significantly reduced litigation-driven workloads and allowed the agency to protect 25 candidate species under the ESA, and propose protection for 91 candidate species. The agreement will continue to allow the agency to focus its resources on the species most in need of the ESA’s protections over the next five years, said Fish and Wildlife Service Director Dan Ashe. “We’re continuing to keep the commitments we made under this agreement, which has enabled us to be more efficient and effective in both protecting species under the ESA, as well as in working with our partners to recover species and get them off the list as soon as possible,” said Director Ashe. “Our ultimate goal is to have the smallest Candidate List possible, by addressing the needs of species before they require ESA protection and extending the ESA’s protections to species that truly need it.” Ashe noted that the work plan will enable the agency to systematically review and address the needs of every species on the 2011 candidate list – a total of more than 250 unique species – over a period of six years to determine if they should be added to the Federal Lists of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants. Candidate species are plants and animals for which the Service has enough information on their status and the threats they face to propose them as threatened or endangered, but developing a proposed listing rule is precluded by the need to address other higher priority listing actions. Candidate species do not receive protection under the ESA, although the Service works to conserve them. The annual review and identification of candidate species provides landowners and resource managers notice of species in need of conservation, allowing them to address threats and work to preclude the need to list the species. The Service is currently working with landowners and partners to implement voluntary conservation agreements covering 5 million acres of habitat for more than 130 candidate species. Today’s notice identifies two new candidate species: Peñasco least chipmunk (Sacramento and White Mountains, New Mexico) and Cumberland arrow darter (Kentucky and Tennessee). All candidates are assigned a listing priority number based on the magnitude and imminence of the threats they face. When adding species to the list of threatened or endangered species, the Service addresses species with the highest listing priority first.

The nine changes in priority announced in today’s notice are based on new information in the updated assessments of continuing candidates. These changes include five species that increased in priority and four that lowered in priority. The three species removed from the candidate list include elongate mud meadow springsnail, Christ’s paintbrush, and bog asphodel. Based on protections for almost all sites, the identification of additional sites, and updated information on threats, the bog asphodel no longer needs the protection of the ESA. The removal of the springsnail and paintbrush is based on the successful conservation efforts by other federal agencies. Efforts by the Bureau of Land Management for the springsnail fully addressed the threats from recreational and livestock use of the springs where the snail exists. Also, three additional populations of the springsnail have been discovered, making this species less vulnerable to random, naturally occurring events than previously thought. For Christ’s paintbrush, the U.S. Forest Service has successfully implemented numerous conservation actions that have ameliorated most of the previously known threats and established long-term monitoring programs to document their effectiveness on conservation actions. There is a long-term commitment by the Forest Service, through a 2005 Candidate Conservation Agreement and 2012 Memorandum of Agreement with the Service, to continue to implement conservation actions for this species. The Service is soliciting additional information on the candidate species, as well as information on other species that may warrant protection under the ESA. This information will be valuable in preparing listing documents and future revisions or supplements to the candidate notice of review. The Service also has multiple tools for protecting candidate species and their habitats, including a grants program that funds conservation projects by private landowners, states and territories. In addition, the Service can enter into Candidate Conservation Agreements (CCAs), formal agreements between the Service and one or more public or private parties to address the conservation needs of proposed or candidate species, or species likely to become candidates, before they actually become listed as endangered or threatened. CCA participants voluntarily commit to implementing specific actions removing or reducing the threats to these species, thereby contributing to stabilizing or restoring the species. Through 110 CCAs, habitat for more than 100 species is managed on federal, state, local agency, tribal and private lands; many CAAs have multiple cooperators focusing conservation actions in an area supporting a single or multiple species. Another similar tool is the Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances (CCAAs). While these voluntary agreements are only between the Service and non-Federal landowners, they have the same goals as CCAs in addressing threats to candidate species, but with additional incentives for conservation actions on non-Federal lands. More than 71 landowners in 18 states have enrolled in CCAAs that cover over 1 million acres of habitat for 41 species.

Inverted Common Name

`Aiea Amphipod, Kenk’s `Anunu Aster, Georgia Bacora, marron Bat, Pacific sheath-tailed Bat, Pacific sheath-tailed Beardtongue, White River Bladderpod, Short’s Brickell-bush, Florida Buckwheat, Churchill Narrows Buckwheat, Frisco buckwheat, Las Vegas Buckwheat, Red Mountain Bully, Everglades Butterfly, Bartram’s hairstreak Butterfly, Florida leafwing Butterfly, Hermes copper Butterfly, Mariana eight-spot Butterfly, Mariana wandering Butterfly, Puerto Rico harlequin Caddisfly, Sequatchie Cave beetle, Baker Station Cave beetle, Clifton Cave beetle, coleman Cave beetle, Fowler’s Cave beetle, icebox Cave beetle, Indian Grave Point (=Soothsayer) Cave beetle, inquirer Cave beetle, Louisville Cave beetle, Nobletts Cave beetle, Tatum Chipmunk, Penasco least Chub, headwater Chub, least Chub, roundtail

Scientific Name Nothocestrum latifolium Stygobromus kenki Sicyos macrophyllus Symphyotrichum georgianum Solanum conocarpum Emballonura semicaudata rotensis Emballonura semicaudata semicaudata Penstemon scariosus albifluvis Physaria globosa Brickellia mosieri Eriogonum diatomaceum Eriogonum soredium Eriogonum corymbosum var. nilesii Eriogonum kelloggii Sideroxylon reclinatum ssp. austrofloridense Strymon acis bartrami Anaea troglodyta floridalis Lycaena hermes Hypolimnas octocula mariannensis Vagrans egistina Atlantea tulita Glyphopsyche sequatchie Pseudanophthalmus insularis Pseudanophthalmus caecus Pseudanophthalmus colemanensis Pseudanophthalmus fowlerae Pseudanophthalmus frigidus Pseudanophthalmus tiresias Pseudanophthalmus inquisitor Pseudanophthalmus troglodytes Pseudanophthalmus paulus Pseudanophthalmus parvus Tamias minimus atristriatus Gila nigra Iotichthys phlegethontis Gila robusta

Cinquefoil, Soldier Meadows clover, Frisco Crabgrass, Florida pineland Crake, spotless Cress, Tahoe yellow Cuckoo, yellow-billed Damselfly, orangeblack Hawaiian Darter, Arkansas Darter, Cumberland arrow Darter, Kentucky arrow Darter, Pearl `Ena`ena

Where Listed

Lead Region 1 Entire 5 1 4 4 Entire 1 American Samoa 1 6 4 4 8 6 8 8 4 Entire 4 Entire 4 Entire 8 Entire 1 Entire 1 Entire 4 Entire 4 Entire 4 Entire 4 Entire 4 Entire 4 Entire 4 Entire 4 Entire Entire Entire Entire Entire Entire Entire Lower Colorado River Basin DPS

4 4 4 4 2 2 6 2

Listing Status C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C

Potentilla basaltica 8 C Trifolium friscanum 6 C Digitaria pauciflora 4 C Porzana tabuensis American Samoa pop 1 C Rorippa subumbellata 8 C Coccyzus americanus Western U.S. DPS 8 C Megalagrion xanthomelas Entire 1 C Etheostoma cragini Entire 6 C Etheostoma sagitta sagitta Entire 4 C Etheostoma sagitta ssp. spilotum Entire 4 C Percina aurora Entire 4 C Pseudognaphalium (=Gnaphalium) 1 C sandwicensium var. molokaiense Fatmucket, Texas Lampsilis bracteata Entire 2 C Fawnsfoot, Texas Truncilla macrodon Entire 2 C fern, Florida bristle Trichomanes punctatum ssp. floridanum 4 C fern, Maui Microlepia strigosa var. mauiensis 1 C Fescue, Guadalupe Festuca ligulata 2 C Fisher Martes pennanti West coast DPS 8 C Flax, Carter’s small-flowered Linum carteri carteri 4 C Flax, sand Linum arenicola 4 C Frog, Columbia spotted Rana luteiventris Great Basin DPS 8 C Frog, mountain yellow-legged Rana muscosa U.S.A., all mountain 8 C yellow-legged frogs that occur north of the Tehachapi Mountains in the Sierra NevadaF r o g , Oregon spotted Rana pretiosa Entire 1 C Frog, relict leopard Lithobates onca Entire 8 C gartersnake, northern Mexican Thamnophis eques megalops Entire 2 C Glade cress, Kentucky Leavenworthia exigua laciniata 4 C Gladecress, [unnamed] Leavenworthia crassa 4 C Goldenrod, Yadkin River Solidago plumosa 4 C Grayling, arctic Thymallus arcticus Upper Missouri River 6 C DPS Ground-Dove, Friendly Gallicolumba stairi American Samoa DPS 1 C Hazardia, Orcutt’s Hazardia orcuttii 8 C Holei Ochrosia haleakalae 1 C Hornshell, Texas Popenaias popei Entire 2 C Ivesia, Webber Ivesia webberi 8 C Kampua`a Hedyotis fluviatilis 1 C Knot, red Calidris canutus rufa Entire 5 C Kolea Myrsine fosbergii 1 C Loon, yellow-billed Gavia adamsii Entire 7 C Lynx, Canada Lynx canadensis New Mexico population 6 C maiden fern, Boyds Cyclosorus boydiae 1 C Makou Ranunculus hawaiensis 1 C Makou Ranunculus mauiensis 1 C Ma`oli`oli Schiedea pubescens 1 C Mariposa lily, Siskiyou Calochortus persistens 8 C Massasauga (=rattlesnake), eastern Sistrurus catenatus Entire 3 C Meshweaver, Warton cave Cicurina wartoni Entire 2 C Milkvetch, Goose Creek Astragalus anserinus 6 C Milkvetch, Packard’s Astragalus cusickii var. packardiae 1 C Milk-vetch, Schmoll Astragalus schmolliae 6 C Milkvetch, skiff Astragalus microcymbus 6 C milkvetch, Sleeping Ute Astragalus tortipes 6 C Monkeyflower, Vandenberg Mimulus fremontii var. vandenbergensis 8 C Mouse, New Mexico meadow jumping Zapus hudsonius luteus Entire 2 C Mudalia, black Elimia melanoides Entire 4 C Murrelet, Kittlitz’s Brachyramphus brevirostris Entire 7 C Murrelet, Xantus’s Synthliboramphus hypoleucus Entire 8 C Nanu Gardenia remyi 1 C Naucorid bug (=Furnace Creek), Nevares Spring Ambrysus funebris Entire 8 C Newt, striped Notophthalmus perstriatus Entire 4 C No common name Agave eggersiana 4 C No common name Cordia rupicola 4 C No common name Festuca hawaiiensis 1 C No common name Gonocalyx concolor 4 C `Ohe Joinvillea ascendens ascendens 1 C Orb, golden Quadrula aurea Entire 2 C Orchid, white fringeless Platanthera integrilabia 4 C Panic grass, Hirst Brothers’ Dichanthelium (=Panicum) hirstii 5 C Parrot, red-crowned Amazona viridigenalis Entire 2 C Pea, Big Pine partridge Chamaecrista lineata keyensis 4 C Peppergrass, Ostler’s Lepidium ostleri 6 C Phacelia, Brand’s Phacelia stellaris 8 C Pimpleback, smooth Quadrula houstonensis Entire 2 C Pimpleback, Texas Quadrula petrina Entire 2 C Pine, whitebark Pinus albicaulis 6 C Pipit, Sprague’s Anthus spragueii Entire 6 C pocket gopher, Brush Prairie Thomomys mazama ssp. oregonus Entire 1 C Pocket gopher, Louie’s western Thomomys mazama louiei Entire 1 C Pocket gopher, Olympia Thomomys mazama pugetensis Entire 1 C Pocket gopher, Olympic Thomomys mazama melanops Entire 1 C Pocket gopher, Roy Prairie Thomomys mazama glacialis Entire 1 C Pocket gopher, Shelton Thomomys mazama ssp. couchi Entire 1 C Pocket gopher, Tacoma western Thomomys mazama tacomensis Entire 1 C Pocket gopher, Tenino Thomomys mazama tumuli Entire 1 C Pocket gopher, Yelm Thomomys mazama yelmensis Entire 1 C Popolo Solanum nelsonii 1 C Prairie-chicken, lesser Tympanuchus pallidicinctus Entire 2 C Prairie-clover, Florida Dalea carthagenensis floridana 4 C Prairie dog, Gunnison’s Cynomys gunnisoni central and south-central 6 C Colorado, north-central New Mexico Rabbit, New England cottontail Sylvilagus transitionalis Entire 5 C Ramshorn, magnificent Planorbella magnifica Entire 4 C

List Continued on Page 9



Campbell County Observer

November 30 - December 7, 2012

Endangers Species Act protection... Inverted Common Name

Continued from Page 8

Scientific Name Moxostoma sp. Calamagrostis expansa Heterelmis stephani Boechera pusilla Arabis georgiana Centrocercus urophasianus Centrocercus urophasianus Centrocercus urophasianus Centrocercus minimus Gyrinophilus gulolineatus Chamaesyce deltoidea pinetorum Abronia alpina Notropis oxyrhynchus Notropis buccula Metabetaeus lohena Palaemonella burnsi Procaris hawaiana Argythamnia blodgettii Ostodes strigatus Hesperia dacotae Oarisma poweshiek Spirinchus thaleichthys

Where Listed Entire

Lead Region Redhorse, Sicklefin 4 Reedgrass, Maui 1 Riffle beetle, Stephan’s Entire 2 Rockcress, Fremont County 6 Rockcress, Georgia 4 Sage-grouse, greater Bi-State 8 Sage-grouse, greater Columbia basin DPS, WA1 Sage-grouse, greater entire 6 sage-grouse, Gunnison entire 6 Salamander, Berry Cave Entire 4 Sandmat, pineland 4 Sand-verbena, Ramshaw Meadows 8 Shiner, sharpnose Entire 2 Shiner, smalleye Entire 2 Shrimp, anchialine pool Entire 1 Shrimp, anchialine pool Entire 1 Shrimp, anchialine pool Entire 1 silverbush, Blodgett’s 4 Sisi Entire 1 Skipper, Dakota Entire 3 skipperling, Poweshiek Entire 3 Smelt, longfin, San Francisco Bay San Francisco Bay 8 delta population delta population Snail, fragile tree Samoana fragilis Entire 1 Snail, Guam tree Partula radiolata Entire 1 Snail, Humped tree Partula gibba Entire 1 Snail, Langford’s tree Partula langfordi Entire 1 Snail, Tutuila tree Eua zebrina Entire 1 Snake, black pine Pituophis melanoleucus lodingi Entire 4 Snake, Louisiana pine Pituophis ruthveni Entire 4 Snake, Tucson shovel-nosed Chionactis occipitalis klauberi Entire 2 Snowfly, Arapahoe Capnia arapahoe Entire 6 Spineflower, San Fernando Valley Chorizanthe parryi var. fernandina 8 Springsnail, Huachuca Pyrgulopsis thompsoni Entire 2 Springsnail, Page Pyrgulopsis morrisoni Entire 2 Spurge, wedge Chamaesyce deltoidea serpyllum 4 Squirrel, Southern Idaho ground Spermophilus brunneus endemicus Entire 1 Squirrel, Washington ground Urocitellus washingtoni Entire 1 Stonecrop, Red Mountain Sedum eastwoodiae 8 Stonefly, meltwater lednian Lednia tumana Entire 6 Storm-petrel, band-rumped Oceanodroma castro Hawaii DPS 1 Sucker, Zuni bluehead Catostomus discobolus yarrowi Entire 2 Sunflower, whorled Helianthus verticillatus 4 Talussnail, Rosemont Sonorella rosemontensis Entire 2 Thistle, Wright’s marsh Cirsium wrightii 2 Tiger beetle, highlands Cicindela highlandensis Entire 4 toad, Yosemite Anaxyrus canorus Entire 8 Tortoise, gopher Gopherus polyphemus eastern 4 Tortoise, Sonoran desert Gopherus morafkai Entire 2 Treefrog, Arizona Hyla wrightorum Huachuca/Canelo 2 Population Trout, Rio Grande cutthroat Oncorhynchus clarki virginalis Entire 2 Turtle, Sonoyta mud Kinosternon sonoriense longifemorale Entire 2 Twistflower, bracted Streptanthus bracteatus 2 vole, red tree Aborimus longicaudus North Oregon Coast 1 population Walrus, Pacific Odobenus rosmarus ssp. divergens Entire 7 Warbler, elfin-woods Dendroica angelae Entire 4 Waterdog, black warrior (=Sipsey Fork) Necturus alabamensis Entire 4 Wawae`iole Huperzia (=Phlegmariurus) stemmermanniae 1 Wolverine, North American Gulo gulo luscus Entire 6 Wormwood, Northern Artemisia borealis var. wormskioldii 1 Yellow-faced bee, anthricinan Hylaeus anthracinus Entire 1 Yellow-faced bee, assimulans Hylaeus assimulans Entire 1 Yellow-faced bee, easy Hylaeus facilis Entire 1 yellow-faced bee, Hawaiian Hylaeus kuakea Entire 1 yellow-faced bee, Hawaiian Hylaeus mana Entire 1 Yellow-faced bee, hilaris Hylaeus hilaris Entire 1 Yellow-faced bee, longhead Hylaeus longiceps Entire

Campbell Co. Fire Dept. November 20, 2012

- At 3:21 p.m. to the intersection of 3rd St. and Highway 59 for an EMS assist. - At 10:41 p.m. to the 900 block of Cherry Lane for an EMS assist. - At 10:43 p.m. to Pat’s Liquor for an EMS assist.

November 21, 2012

- At 7:48 am to 8237 North Highway 14 16 for a reported structure fire. Upon arrival first due crews found a shop with fire and smoke showing. The shop was approximately 40’x60’ and contained three vehicles along with other household items. The fire was quickly brought under control, the vehicles suffered heat and smoke damage along with the other contents of the shop. Several pets were lost in the fire.The cause is under investigation but is not suspicious in nature. - At 7:07 pm to 2513 Dogwood for an automatic fire alarm. Upon arrival the fire alarm panel showed all systems normal. A thorough search was conducted with nothing found, all units cleared. - At 8:20 pm to the Bishop Rd. for an EMS assist.

November 22, 2012

- At 2:27 am to Laurel Ct. for an EMS assist. - At 3:32 am to Rose Creek Dr. for an EMS assist. - At 5:34 am to East 2nd St. for an EMS assist. - At 8:23 pm to Longmont St. for an EMS assist. - At 11:32 pm to the area of Recluse for a sighting of smoke. CCFD responded to the area to find no fire; CCSO had been informed the fire was a controlled burn. No further actions were taken by CCFD.

November 23, 2012

- At 1:42 pm to Blackroot for an EMS assist.

- At 2:01 pm to Bentley Ct. for an EMS assist. - At 2:34 pm to Circle Dr. for an EMS assist. - At 4:38 pm to 2301 S. Emerson for a strange odor in the building. Crews used gas detection equipment to monitor the atmosphere, nothing was found. - At 11:13 pm to Stacy Rd. for an EMS assist.

November 24, 2012

- At 12:37 am to 1680 West Warlow Dr. for a report of a smoke detector activation. Upon arrival light smoke was visible on the 3rd floor. We woke up the occupant of the apartment where the smoke was coming from and found a pot of burnt food on the stovetop. The apartment was naturally ventilated and monitored. - At 12:30 pm to Circle Dr. for an EMS assist. - At 1:34 pm to Overbrook Rd for a one-vehicle rollover crash. Fire personnel secured the vehicle and placed pans under it to collect leaking fluids. - At 11:03 pm to Tonk St. for an EMS assist

November 26, 2012

Listing Status C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C

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Highway stayed open during the incident. - At 11:54 a.m. to the area of Hoe Creek Road for a possible structure fire. It was then reported that it was a controlled burn and all units were cancelled. - At 5:15 p.m. to East HWY 14-16 for an EMS assist. - At 6:42 p.m. West Warlow Drive for an EMS assist. - At 7:11 p.m. to East Boxelder Road for an EMS assist.

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November 27, 2012

- At 11:32 am to the 1900 block of Energy Ct. for a report of a vehicle leaking oil after an accident. Firefighters arrived on scene and contained the spill. - At 5:21 pm to 123 N. Highway 59 for a reported tractor trailer on fire. Firefighters arrived on scene and found the small fire had been contained and extinguished by employees. The cause of the fire was determined to be electrical arcing from a battery cable. - At 6:07 pm to 18 Gold Buckle Place for an automatic fire alarm, firefighters were cancelled en-route.

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- At 12:21 a.m. to the 700 block of North Highway 1416 for a fire alarm activation in the building. This was a false alarm and all units were cancelled. - At 5:03 a.m. to the area of Little Powder River Road, close to the intersection of Northern Drive loop, for a one vehicle rollover. There were no injuries reported from the single occupant of the vehicle. - At 9:27 a.m. to the area of mile marker 26 on South Highway 50 for a one vehicle rollover. There were no reported injuries from the three occupants of the vehicle. No fuel or liquid leakage from the vehicle. The vehicle was off of the roadway and the

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November 30 - December 7, 2012


Campbell County Observer

Northern Rockies Skies for December

A monthly look at the night skies of the northern Rocky Mountains, written by astronomers Ron Canterna, University of Wyoming; Jay Norris, Challis, Idaho Observatory; and Daryl Macomb, Boise State University. Directly overhead in the evening is the very distinctive constellation of Cassiopeia. This “W”-shaped constellation, which never sets below the horizon at our latitudes, represents the “Lady in the Chair” or the “Queen of Ethiopia.” East of Cassiopeia lays Perseus, the champion. This term comes from his saving Andromeda from a sea monster by using the severed head of Medusa. Further east, we find a small grouping of stars in Taurus (the bull), called the Pleiades. The “seven sisters” is a relatively young star cluster that actually contains more than 1,000 stars. Look for Sirius, the brightest star in the sky, on the southeast horizon late in the evening. For you planet watchers, Jupiter is perfect for viewing most of the early evening. It is in Taurus. Saturn rises about two hours before sunrise. The Geminid meteor shower peaks around Dec. 13-14. Since the moon is new, this will be a great time to experience this shower. The winter solstice is Dec. 21 this year. Inventions that improve measurement precision of physical phenomena give rise to progress in our understanding, and decisively signal the marks in history that are clear advances of civilization. While new devices are a dime a dozen nowadays, not many centuries have passed since progress only crawled. One instrument -- found in a ship wreck in 60-meter deep water in 1900-1901 near the island of Antikythera, located between Crete and Peloponnesus -- marked an incredible advance in astro-

nomical timing. Ceramics and coin found with the wreck dated to around 85-60 B.C. A comment by the Greek writer Lucian indicates that the wreck may have been part of a convoy in 86 B.C. carrying loot for the Roman general Sulla from Athens to Italy. Discovered by sponge divers, the wreck’s debris included a box that housed a partially decayed bronze mechanism consisting of 30 recovered gears in 82 fragments. More gears may have been present in the original device. The mechanism’s instructions are written in Koine (common) Greek of the era. Analysis finally published in 1974 (by Professor D. J. de Solla Price of Yale) of the gears’ timing as well as the inscriptions date construction of the mechanism fairly precisely to 87 B.C. From ancient writings, we know that very few instruments of similar complexity existed at that or previous epochs. What we do know from reconstructions is that the movements of this mechanism illustrate motions of the moon and sun as understood by Hipparchus; and, from Cicero’s “De re publica,” that Archimedes may have built two earlier copies of the Antikythera mechanism. No machine approaching its complexity or workmanship surfaces again until the 1400s. The Antikythera Mechanism is on display at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens, Greece. Reconstructed models can be seen at the American Computer Museum in Bozeman, Mont., and at the Children’s Museum of Manhattan in New York. Next time, we will describe the established lunar and solar workings of the Antikythera mechanism and hypothesized planetary motions of possible missing pieces.


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Public Pulse

Campbell County Observer

November 30 - December 7, 2012

Commissioners talk Fire Ban and Fireworks

Bold Republic Weekly

At the November 20th Campbell County Commissioners meeting, the commissioners voted to lift the countywide fire ban on open burning. That fire-ban had been in place since July, the ban combined with the dry weather had a big impact on the sale of fireworks in Northeast Wyoming this year. But

along with the news on the fire-ban, fireworks vendors got some good news from the commissioners this week. The commissioners approved a resolution for the sale of fireworks from 12:01 am Dec 22 to 12:01 am Jan 2. John LaVallee with Discount Fireworks said he was thankful for the measure and hopes the

New Years fireworks will help ease the loss from the summer. “It hurt this summer and I need to make up some of that. I’m glad they saw that it is safer.”--LaVallee The use of fireworks is still not allowed within the City of Gillette.

Wyoming State Legislature Interim Calendar (Next Two Weeks)

December 3: Revenue Committee, Cheyenne December 5: Advisory Committee to the Select Committee on Statewide Education Accountability, Cheyenne December 5: Management Audit Committee, Cheyenne December 6-7: Select Committee on Tribal Relations, Fort Washakie December 10: Transportation, Highways and Military Affairs Committee, Cheyenne December 10-14: Appropriations Committee, Cheyenne December 11: Joint Subcommittee on Federal Natural Resource Management, Douglas December 12: Management Council, Cheyenne December 13-14: Labor, Health and Social Services Committee, Cheyenne ______ The 62nd Wyoming Legislature will convene January 8, 2013 at Noon. The Joint Session of the Wyoming Legislature will be January 9, 2013 at 10 a.m. Please Note: Wyoming legislators have new email addresses with a uniform naming convention. Members can be contacted using

What is Campbell County Good For?


By Glenn Woods

Sure, we’re all more than a little worried about what might happen to the energy industry now that the old administration in D.C. is the new administration. That’s my fancy way of saying that we reelected a damn mess. But I was trying to keep my language clean. How’d I do? Now and then I have a chance to speak with some influential mucketymucks in our community that are trying to find ways to keep Campbell Country growing, and/or at least find a way to stave off what looks like an inevitable coming disaster. From these people I hear a lot of great ideas, and I hear a lot of bad ideas. There are even a few worse than bad ideas that are beyond laughably stupid For sake of argument, and to be as kind as I can I’ll just go right ahead and lump all the bad ideas together and throw them out. --- READY? -- Here I go --CAMPBELL COUNTY IS NOT NOW, NOR WILL IT EVER BE, A TOURIST DESTINATION - GET THAT IDEA OUT OF YOUR HEAD FOR THE LOVE OF BAD SMELLY SOCKS THE IDEA STINKS THAT MUCH….. Look, remember who you are talking to here. I grew up in tourist central U.S.A. My family ran a hotel and cottage rental business. I know tourism. OK? Can we move on from that idea? -- I’m glad we had this little talk. I feel better now. So what is Campbell County good for? Over the past three years that I have lived in Campbell County I’ve seen a lot of possibilities and I’ve wondered why we have not taken advantage of them. Campbell County has trains that leave, filled to over flowing, but then they come back empty. There is an opportunity here. We are centrally located and equal distance from - pick your point of the map and find a major city… We are on a major highway that crosses the nation. We have open land, lots of it… But I’m just getting warmed up here… We have energy, loads of it. With low taxes, few rules and regulations, we should be attractive to just

about anyone who wants to manufacture just about anything. I know I’m being a little vague here, but I’m trying to set up the possibilities to start with. If you listen to my radio show you know how often I rant on about companies leaving the big, over regulated and over taxed states, and moving to the less regulated states and lower taxed states, where they can breathe, make a profit, grow the business, with little if any hassle from --- THE MAN -- (OK, sorry about “THE MAN” thing, I had to, could not pass that one up). Campbell County has a college that currently does, and is willing to, teach the jobs that are offered in the county. So if we were able to bring in some sort of manufacturing, they would be willing to provide that company will well educated and well qualified help, with fresh degrees in hand. The point had been made to me, more than once, that we are a perfect place to refine oil, and pipe it down the line. So why do we pay $15.00 a barrel to have that oil shipped down to Texas then have it refined there? Let’s not forget that our state reprehensive Sue Wallis was successful in passing a law allowing for the slaughter of horses, for meat, right here in the U.S.A. No matter what you think of the issue, horses are shipped to Canada for slaughter, and then the meat is sold all around the world. So why do we ship our horses to Canada for slaughter when we can have it done right here? Oh I’m sure I just grossed a few people out on that one, but if you listen to my radio show or read this column now and again, you’re used to it. Yes I

think a slaughterhouse in Campbell County is a fine idea. That does not mean that you will have a view of it right off your back porch. Heck we already have processing hoses for wild game. Campbell County has open mines that have run their course and are ready for reclamation. All over the nation there is garbage that needs a place to be buried. Now the moment I say that there are those who would gripe that they don’t want Campbell County to become America’s garbage dump. First, remember the trash would be under ground. Second, JOBS and MONEY and TAXES and…umm…oh… right… J O B S! At this point some might grumble that they do not want Campbell Country to become known for every dirty job that there is in America. Ok, I can understand why you would want to build and preserve a reputation for the County. --- So, do you have any clean idea? I’d like to hear them! Just do me a favor and do not say TOURISM! I’ll let out a scream the likes of which you have never heard. Personally, I don’t mind Campbell County taking the jobs that the rest of the nation does not want. There is a lot of money in dirty jobs. A lot of JOBS in dirty jobs. But if you think if you have some viable, clean idea, please let me know. You can find the address to this newspaper, in the newspaper. Send us an E-mail and let’s hear your best ideas for growing Campbell County. The best ideas could very well save this county as the rest of the nation suffers through what we all know is coming soon.


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Public Pulse

November 30 - December 7, 2012

Campbell County Observer

Government has a spending problem, not a revenue problem Submitted by Amy Edmonds - Republic Free Choice “It would be impossible, therefore, to introduce into society a greater change and a greater evil than thisthe conversion of the law into an instrument of plunder.” - Frederic Bastiat, The Law As a soon-to-retire legislator, having served six years in the Wyoming House of Representatives and on both the Revenue and Appropriations Committees, I have learned quite a lot about budgeting in Wyoming. Building a state budget is all about prioritizing the functions of government while keeping a close eye on revenue vs. expenditures. But when lawmakers lose sight of this, building the budget can become a free-for-all smorgasbord of non-essential projects and feel-good spending boondoggles that are disconnected from revenue reality. Sadly, this was my experience. Examples of a few of Wyoming’s boondoggles can be found on the Wyoming Liberty Group website under Key Liberty Votes, and include 2011 Senate File 47, Film Industry Financial Incentives and 2012 Senate File 36 State Parks - acquisition of LX Bar Ranch. The result has been budgets filled with expenses that

go way beyond the cost of essential functions, leaving lawmakers searching for funds to cover much needed expenditures. Case in point, the recent move by some Wyoming lawmakers to bring a bill in the 2013 General Session that will increase Wyoming’s gasoline tax by ten cents per gallon, a move lawmakers say is needed to help pay for the ever increasing cost of Wyoming’s roads. But is it really needed? I don’t think so. Why? Because over the past decade, Wyoming has been spending lots of money on non-essential projects and feel-good spending boondoggles, leaving the state’s dollar stretched too far to pay for the maintenance of our roads. And rather than facing and fixing this problem, lawmakers are thinking about taking that mismanagement and letting Wyoming taxpayers pay the bill in the form of a tax increase; a decision that if implemented, will have lasting impacts at the pump and the ballot box. While it’s tempting to dig into Wyoming’s biennial budget and start searching for the big ticket items - and there are many - to prove the point of longstanding

overspending, this method will fall short of holistically diagnosing what is really happening to the state’s dollars. In my experience, budgeting in Wyoming has been suffering from a longterm systemic problem that involves a combination of several things, including vanishing focus and singleproject afflictions. Too many Wyoming lawmakers have lost focus on the need to prioritize the expenditure of dollars to keep government efficient and limited, while some have simply embraced a progressive ideology that suggests expanding, overreaching and overspending is the proper and fundamental responsibility of government. This has led to a consistent, steep growth in government, to the detriment of a sustainable state budget and Wyoming’s private sector. It is also too easy for lawmakers to become separated from the “bottom-line” of budget reality and instead become caught up in the dazzling attraction of single projects. In my experience in the legislature, every project was presented as beneficial and necessary, with a compelling argument for funding. This made it difficult to say no. And be-

cause projects presented outside the budget bill are disconnected from the overall fiscal reality, it is easier still to allow the emotional argument to compel lawmakers to make an imprudent and fiscally uninformed decision. These problems have added to the specter of less money in the pockets of Wyoming taxpayers thanks to a proposed gas tax increase in 2013 Wyoming lawmakers need to go back to basics and rediscover the benefits of prioritizing government functions and staying focused. They also need to reconnect with bottom line budget reality as each new enticing project is passed under their noses. And they need to reject the idea that more money has to be stripped from the taxpayers’ pockets to pay for roads. Clear common sense thinking will lead legislators down the right road; a road that rejects this muddledthinking tax increase and transports them back to the prosperous reality of a limited, efficient government.

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Rep. Sue Wallis elected to leadership role with Women in Government

At the 19th Annual State Directors’ and 10th Biennial First Term Legislators’ Conference in St. Pete Beach, Florida, State Representative Sue Wallis, who represents Wyoming House District 52 in northern Campbell County will be sworn in as a 2013 State Director with Women In Government, following her election to this position by her fellow state legislative colleagues this past year. “Women In Government congratulates Rep. Wallis in her position as a State Director. State Directors play a critical role in setting policy priorities for our organization,” said Marjorie Maginn, President and Executive Director of Women In Government. “Rep. Wallis is a recognized leader in her state, and we are excited that she will now share her leadership skills with other women policymakers throughout the country.” “I am honored to once again be selected as a State Director,” says Wallis, “and I look forward to working with colleagues from around the country on important issues such as Energy Policy so critical to Wyoming, and to the entire Nation.”

At the 19th Annual State Directors’ Conference, women state legislators will hear from expert speakers on a variety of public policy topics and their impact on states. Topics include healthcare reform, diabetes, emerging issues in energy policy, cervical cancer prevention, the current status of women in state legislatures, childhood obesity, public health, economic security and opportunities, and many others. This meeting also provides attendees with the opportunity to network with colleagues across state borders and share best practices and experiences to advance successful public policies. About Women In Government: Women In Government Foundation, Inc. is a national, non-profit, non-partisan organization of women state legislators providing leadership opportunities, networking, expert forums, and educational resources. Women In Government serves all 1,746 women who serve in state legislatures from across the country. For more information, visit LIVE Music FRIDAY & SATURDAY NIGHT 8:00 PM

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Campbell County Observer

On the Contrary... On The Contrary is a new segment in the Campbell County Observer that we believe the readers will enjoy. Every week we will take an issue and give brief explanations of both sides. As you know, it would be impossible to write every fact about any issue with the space allowed, but the information provided will be well informed and well thought out. We hope you enjoy the new segment in the Observer called “On The Contrary”! The authors are currently the owners of the Campbell County Observer, who happen to be husband and wife. So we thought who better to argue? Disclaimer: Just because Nicholas and Candice are arguing for a side, this does not mean that they agree with that side. This article is about showing both sides of an issue, not stating personal opinions. Opinions in this article do not reflect the opinions of ownership or staff of the Campbell County Observer.

Nicholas and Candice DeLaat

The Issue: Extra Taxation of the Rich

Nick: This is just wrong. The rich are the people in this country who have the skills, the mindset, and the ability to create jobs. This is what they do with their money, is make more money. The more they make, the more they expand. The more they expand, the more jobs are needed for that expansion. The more quality they demand from their product or service, the more they have to pay employees to do the best work. Candice: But rich people have enough money, they can afford to give some more up. Have you ever eaten out with a rich person? Have you ever seen how they tip? They hold on to their money very greedily, while we the working class will tip more for understanding the hard work and hard life that the waitress has to endure. Nick: So you are saying that they are smart with their money? Also, to become rich, they have had to work harder and longer with more stress than any of the waitresses or pizza delivery people out there. I will include most manufacturing, mining, and labor jobs into that category. There is a reason they are rich. They have earned it. Candice: What about trust fund babies, who inherited their wealth through someone else’s hard work? I am willing to bet that you, my former labor working husband, or any other labor worker here in Campbell County could outwork them any day. They didn’t earn their money, and most trends show that they will probably lose it all stupidly anyway. Why not put that money into the extra taxation to help with our debt crisis? Nick: Let’s break this down. Money is property, plain and simple. If a piece of property is stolen does it matter whether it was given to you or bought by you? I hope to be able to leave our three children with some money someday. Should the money that we give them be extra taxed after we decided what to do with the money that we earned? Candice: I would rather our children earn their money, than blow it. Do you want them to turn into Paris Hilton? Should Paris Hilton be rich? Nick: But if they decide to further tax the rich, they will do it across the board. What about the majority of the rich who are the job creators, the rich who pay for more than 80% of the nation’s infrastructure, and drive our economy? The question really is, by taxing them more you take away jobs. Do you agree? Also, do you agree with the taking of one’s property for the good of others? Candice: Well lets compromise. Let’s see if one of our Federal Legislators has the courage to introduce a fair tax, say for example 20% across the board. Right now, the poor are the only people who don’t pay taxes, and this would put a standard on all Americans, provided that part of the bill would be to create a balanced budget based on the income of only this tax, and all other taxes were null and void. Nick: I like it! That’s why we’ve been married for 10 years! So do you actually agree with the over taxation of the rich? Candice: No. Next week’s “On The Contrary” issue: State of Wyoming - Elected vs. Appointed Judges

Women’s Council recognizes CLIMB Wyoming

The Wyoming Council for Women’s Issues presented its 2012 Summit Award to CLIMB Wyoming on Nov. 16 during the Wyoming Business Alliance Forum in Cheyenne. The award, a project of WCWI’s Employment Practices committee, recognizes organizations that implement family-friendly business policies and practices. In presenting the award to CLIMB Wyoming founder and executive director Ray Fleming Dinneen and board member Caren Murray, WCWI chair Carma Corra said that most conference participants are well aware that CLIMB Wyoming helps single mothers climb out of poverty permanently through job placement and training and some know that CLIMB has received national and regional recognition for its programs. “What many may not know that its support for its staff is as much a priority as its work with participants,” she said. Corra, standing in for Employment Practices

chair Tammie Archibald of Afton, read excerpts from anecdotes shared by CLIMB employees who praised their flexible schedules, laptop computers facilitating work at home when children were ill, the ability to bring children to work when necessary, allowing a staff member with ruptured discs to be creative about completing her work, liberal leaves of absence to complete undergraduate degrees or following the births or adoptions of babies and even the opportunity to enjoy a hike or other activity during the work day, enabling an employee to return refreshed. “WCWI is proud to present its annual Summit Award to an organization whose internal culture of support and encouragement for its employees and their families leads directly to higher productivity within that culture and to external success with the single mothers it lifts from what could be hopelessness to lives of bright promise,” Corra added.

Public Pulse

November 30 - December 7, 2012

Letters to the Editor

Gas Tax HIke

Dear Editor and fellow Patriots who are fed up: The gas tax hike won’t be felt at the pump. Hogwash!! Our elected officials have lost sight of reality. The article that quoted Eitel and Madden begs for scrutiny. It seems that our county commissioner is looking at the money from fuel taxes as a largesse and more opportunity to spend, spend, spend. The numbers he quoted gives the county 37% of the fuel tax. Whoppee! More tax dollars to build more monuments to men’s egos. Just because Wyoming’s fuel taxes are lower than surroundings states is no reason to raise them here. How can he say that gas is cheaper in Montana, but they have higher taxes and if we raise taxes here our gas will get cheaper. Someone please explain this to me. We already pay more at the pump in Buffalo than anywhere else in the state. Madden’s argument that 53% of fuel sold is to out of state drivers doesn’t bode well. So what, you are still raising taxes on locals. He says if our tax is 10 cents cheaper we should be paying 10 cents less but we’re not because somewhere up the supply chain someone else is taking it and if we raise the tax they won’t take it anymore so we won’t see a rise in pump prices. This is convoluted gobbledy goop political double speak. I understand the concept of “private enterprise principal” but question the idea that the supplier, either at distribution or retail, won’t pass that increase to the consumer. He goes on to say the tax is not paid by you or me, it’s paid by the supplier...Can he guarantee that with this increase? I think not. That is capitalism: supply, demand and competition. The numbers used to support the idea that the impact will be minimal on all households is based on people who drive vehicles that get 20 mpgs when the majority of Wyomingites actually drive 4-wheel drive vehicles and large trucks that come nowhere close to 20 mpgs. Then commissioner Eitel has decided to rename this tax a user fee. WHAT!!! This sounds like it is straight out of Washington. If this is a user fee then I will stop paying school taxes, I don’t have any children in school and please do not give any of my tax money to say... weed and pest. I don’t use that service either. If this is to be a user fee for out of state travelers and truckers, put a toll booth on I-80, I-90 and I-25 at the border and exempt Wyoming plates from paying the toll. Think outside the box people. Since this tax only covers $50 million of WYDOT’s shortfall of $134 million maybe our legislators should take a look at spending in other areas and cut programs like the $11 million cloud seeding program that was supposed to increase precipitation. How did that work out for ya? It is time our elected officials all the way from local to federal take a hard line on getting real with OUR MONEY and OUR FUTURE, find ways to cut spending, get out of my wallet and out of my business, cut regulations, lower taxes, reduce government and do what they are elected to do and make decisions to protect, defend and support our pursuit of happiness and stop making decisions based on personal legacy and personal gain. Laura DeMatteis Member: Johnson County Constitutional Coalition Buffalo, WY From Publisher Nicholas De Laat: I have been long against the raising of the fuel tax. Yes, it will hurt the individual Wyoming consumer, but it will hurt our businesses more. A couple months ago, I answered a similar letter by stating that raising the fuel tax may create revenue for the state, it will also decrease revenue for the private industry. Here in Campbell County, most businesses from the newspapers (delivery), the mines, the welding trucks, and much more have fuel already as a huge expenditure. In the current recession we cannot raise our rates to the consumer because of the cost of the business it will lose. An example is how the Observer’s subscriptions and sales have tripled from a year ago, but our rates have had to stay the same. The extra fuel tax will cost me and my business (and most other businesses in town) much more money. What is the result? I am currently trying to raise our net profits to be able to afford two full time positions. I would also like to buy benefits for my employees (and my family) one day. What they don’t understand is when they keep raising my tax burdens; it costs the ability for me to create jobs. It hurts the people. I believe in minimal taxes enough to


support the necessities or ‘needs’ of governments, not the ‘wants’. The question is, are there more places we can cut spending (or create smarter spending)? This is where the individual person needs to follow and do research. Call your representative or senator. They are getting into busy season, but ask for an explanation via. E-mail. Offer to help. For the public’s information in response to this letter, the drafted bill before the revenue committee has been printed in our public pulse section. This bill is only in ‘draft’ mode.

PETA Has a Point

Dear Editor, It is so predictable that only the amusingly named Center for Consumer Freedom, which complains about Mothers Against Drunk Driving, minimum wage, environmental protection, and human and animal welfare groups, could possibly object to People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals‘ (PETA) recent efforts to promote the ever-growing vegetarian food industry and make the world a kinder place for turkeys. I’ve met turkeys, and they never did anything that merited decapitation. Not harming someone or something is common decency. Being decent should be the norm. If we worry only about seeing our grandchildren grow up, we should remember PETA has a point: It’s never too late to go vegetarian. KATIE MOORE From Publisher Nicholas De Laat: I really hope this letter is a joke. Turkey is food. So are cows. Humans have consumed meat for their entire existence. If you are one of those hippies that want to be a complete part of nature, we are both herbivores and carnivores. You know, hunting and gathering? I really can’t believe you wrote into a Campbell County, WY newspaper with this one. I would like you to email me where you are from. First, about being a vegetarian. My sister-in-law is one. You can’t eat a rare juicy prime rib, a 1lb burger, breakfast elk sausage, or two weeks of leftover turkey. What is the point? Don’t get me wrong, fruits and vegies are good but meat makes the meal! If you are a vegetarian because you don’t like the taste of meat, well that is something different. But if you are promoting vegetarianism because of cruelty to animals, that is ridicules. So let’s take this in a different direction… Life is life. A tree, a plant, an insect, a turtle, or a mammal has over 99% of the same DNA. All known forms of life are based on the same fundamental biochemical organization: genetic information encoded in DNA, transcribed into RNA, through the effect of protein- and RNA-enzymes, then translated into proteins by (highly similar) ribosomes, with ATP, NADH and others as energy sources, etc. Furthermore, the genetic code (the “translation table” according to which DNA information is translated into proteins) is nearly identical for all known life forms, from bacteria to humans. Difference between a Cow an a berry bush? Less than 1%. Best thing we should do then is starve, because we don’t want to hurt any living thing for food. One question for you however, can a vegetarian eat animal crackers?

Fiscal Cliff

Dear Editor, With President Obama and House Republicans claiming dueling mandates from the election, it is hard to see how the two sides will reach a deal averting the looming “fiscal cliff”. Constraining tax rates and spending is insufficient; our leaders need to think outside the box to strike a deal and save the economy. The GOP wants to stop $55 billion in defense cuts, while the Democrats want to stop $55 billion in domestic cuts, but we need to cut spending, period. Thus, the cuts to both programs should be sliced in half, leading to a more manageable $28 billion in reductions. Next, Mr. Obama should accept an extension of all George W. Bush-era tax rates, including those for the wealthiest Americans, giving both sides a full year to pass meaningful tax reform. After getting their way on this issue, Republicans should agree to a framework on immigration reform in which illegal immigrants who have been here 10 years or more qualify for legalresident status and their children can get citizenship in exchange for military service while we simultaneously secure the border. Passing

this comprehensive bill would get the GOP a big win on taxes while Mr. Obama could claim victory on immigration reform. It also would be a small down payment on the deficit through realistic spending cuts, and it could save the U.S. economy in the process. This would give Congress and the president all of 2013 to achieve meaningful entitlement reform and the tax code. SCOTT RUESTERHOLZ From Publisher Nicholas De Laat: I am not sure if this would fix everything, but it is a good start. I am happy to see more people doing research and getting involved. One thing, most of our Representatives and Senators on both the State and Federal level are very easily accessible. Write them an email and find out more info. I have found that they will provide all the information you need, or direct you on where to look. I am also in the belief that the Representatives and Senators live in Barracks that the taxpayers provide (they can live in their own houses if they pay for them) and only get paid the National Wage Average. They want a raise? Allow the private industry to flourish so more people are working for higher wages. Eliminate public unions, make social security voluntary (I want to see my money after I invest it…The government couldn’t even run a brothel), and reform the legislative process similar to Wyoming. Part time or on-call congress, one subject on one bill, and a balanced budget amendment….just to name a few of MANY things needed.

Wyoming Game and Fish

Dear Editor, So let me get this straight: Our representatives thought the best way to get the Wyoming Game and Fish back to a good financial place was to recommend raising the cost of all the licenses at least 20 percent. In some cases the department will double the cost of certain licenses. Really, this is how things get fixed? Didn’t we just try to get some silly amendment to our state constitution saying we all had the right to hunt and fish? So we have the right to hunt and fish, but we need a government agency which does a poor job of handling its finances, so no one will be able to afford to hunt or fish? My biggest concern and gripe about our state is that during my entire life, hunting and fishing has gone from a way to feed our families to a rich man’s sport. I would also like to know where all my fellow “no government” Republicans are. Shouldn’t this be one of the things they are screaming about? After all, they can’t really blame President Barack Obama for this, can they? As an employee of a business that doesn’t seem to understand that every time we raise prices we lose 1 percent of our business, but they still keep raising them. The Wyoming Game and Fish would be better suited to lower prices and get more residents involved -- then they can save themselves. I see the state of hunting and fishing in the near future being only people who can afford it, which is a crying shame in a place that is famous around the world for its outdoor adventures. I honestly don’t spend a lot of time trying to change the people who represent us, but I can promise this: If the prices are raised, I will spend a considerable amount of my personal time and energy making sure that we get rid of legislators who don’t understand. Hunting and fishing should once again be a way for the citizens of Wyoming to feed their families, and not a place that is full of out-of-state rich people that can afford to do what we should be able to. KELLY SOUTHER From Publisher Nicholas De Laat: Couldn’t agree with you more. This is why I voted against Constitutional Amendment B, as it looked good in writing on the ballot, but it allowed for our State Government to create more rules and restrictions on local hunters. I love it when businesspeople get into office, as they usually know how to manage money the best. They know efficiency, hard work, and productivity. But many times they also have the mentality of ‘grow.’ Business always needs to grow, but government at its current state needs to shrink. Also, this is (though called a fee) yet another tax. When will the taxes end? Let me keep my money and see what I can do with it; retirement, creating jobs, etc. I earned it!

Public Pulse

Campbell County Observer

School sells out student privacy for a fistful of tax dollars Submitted by Sven Larson - Wyoming Liberty Group We already know that most bureaucrats and elected officials prefer more government to less. The evidence is in the numbers – when was the last time you saw a sustained trend of shrinking government? What we don’t know yet is just how far our legislators and tax-paid government administrators are willing to go to make sure government continues to grow. We can get an idea, though, from the following story out of San Antonio, Texas, reported by CBS Houston: Starting this fall, all students at John Jay High School and Anson Jones Middle School are required to carry identification cards embedded with a microchip. They are tracked by the dozens of electronic readers installed in the schools’ ceiling panels. The school will now be able to track every little move that students make during the time they are at school. Administrators can record the time a student spends in the library, the cafeteria or if they just prefer to spend their time roaming the hallways. They can track who the students prefer to hang out with, and how long time it takes for them to go to the bathroom. You don’t have to have read George Orwell to see the hair-raising consequences of this policy. Thankfully for all of us who

believe in individual freedom and the citizen’s integrity vs. government, the students in San Antonio have not just bowed their heads to the school district: One John Jay student refused to wear the device, citing religious reasons, and then filed a lawsuit after Principal Robert Harris threatened to remove her from the school and stopped her from petitioning against the ID badge. Last week a judge said the principal’s actions violated the student’s speech and religious rights, and granted a restraining order barring Harris from removing her from the school. This is a public school district, meaning that it is funded by money that has been forcefully taken from the public – also known as taxes – and that it is run by an elected government. Apparently, this government entity believes that it has the right to issue a blanket order to all people within its jurisdiction (that being public school students) to subject themselves to constant surveillance. It also believes that it has the right to silence any critics of its policies. But perhaps the most absurd part of this story is what the school district says is its reason for the RFID mandate. This deep infringement on personal integrity, invasive enough to make every school administrator

in North Korea green with envy, is driven by a desire to increase school funding. CBS Houston again: Northside has been testing a “radio frequency identification” tracking system for the two schools to increase attendance in order to secure more state funding, officials have said. The program, which kicked off at the beginning of this school year, eventually could be used at all of Northside’s 112 campuses, officials have said. The district is the fourth largest in Texas with more than 97,000 students. Again: the reason behind this privacy violation is to secure more tax revenues for the school district. The means toward that end is to force students to let the government know where they are each and every second of their school day. Assuming that this policy has been sanctioned by the elected officials who govern the school district, it is tempting to ask those school board members how they would respond if their city subjected them to a similar policy. Based on research that awarded the French economist Maurice Allais the Economics Nobel Prize, some economists have suggested that city governments put an RFID in the pocket of each of their residents. The city would then constantly track the moves of all its taxpayers for the official purpose

to optimize taxation. Those who spend the most time walking down streets, utilizing sidewalks and taking advantage of street lights would pay the highest taxes for those public goods. This policy would of course require that government knows the exact whereabouts of each and everyone of its tax-paying citizens every minute of the day. Would the school board members in San Antonio, who want their students to wear RFIDs to secure more tax revenues, be willing to carry similar identifiers in order to assure that their city government gets more tax revenues from them? There is, of course, a common-sense alternative. Evidently the students in this school district in San Antonio do not feel that it is worth the while attending class. Why not give their parents an opportunity to choose what school to send their kids to? Unlike the RFID mandate, school choice might actually help improve the quality of education, both in the school district in question and in San Antonio, in Texas and in America as a whole.

UW Religion Today Column for week of Nov. 25-Dec. 1

How Did People vote? The Religious Breakdown Submitted by Paul V.M. Flesher - University of Wyoming America’s voters are overwhelmingly Christian: 78 percent of voters identified themselves as Christians in exit polls Nov. 6. That is down just 3 percent from 81 percent, the highest Christian participation in the previous three elections. Despite some of the pre-election rhetoric about the nation being overrun by non-believers of various stripes, this obviously did not happen. Of the remaining 22 percent of voters, 9 percent followed other religions, such as Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam. Twelve percent fell into the “unaffiliated” category, which includes atheists and agnostics, but primarily consists of people who are religious but did not choose to identify themselves with a particular religion. Further study of this information from polls conducted by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life reveals several important conclusions. First, white evangelical Protestant voters continue to punch above their weight. Even though they make up only 19 percent of the nation’s population, they accounted for 23 percent of the voters. The same held true for mainline Protestants, although to a lesser degree; their 15 percent of the population resulted in 16 percent of the electorate. Both Protestant groups voted for Romney, the evangelicals by a margin of almost 4-to-1. Despite theological misgivings about Romney’s Mormonism, they actually gave him a higher percentage of their vote than they did to McCain four years earlier. This also was a point higher than he gained among the Mormon population. Second, white Catholics voted for Romney in percentages similar to mainline Protestants. While mainline Protestants preferred Romney 55 percent to 44 percent, white Catholics voted for him by a margin of 59 percent to 40 percent. Third, minority religious voters favored Obama. More than 75 percent of Hispanic Catholics voted for Obama, while 95 percent of black Protestants did so. Together, they accounted for 14 percent of the electorate, compared to 61 percent of the white Christian vote. Nothing is particularly surprising in these numbers. They are similar to the voting preferences for Republican and Democratic candidates in the previous three elections. One religious trend within the country’s population did not play out as expected. The role organized religion plays among the U.S. population has been decreasing.

This year, for the first time, the number of people who report themselves as unaffiliated with any religion has hit 20 percent, according to Pew’s pollsters. While this group went overwhelmingly for Obama, they did not actually vote in large numbers. They made up only 12 percent of the voters on election day. This poor turnout indicates that neither party is addressing their concerns. A third of young people (ages 18-28) belong to the unaffiliated crowd, those who check the “none of the above” box when it comes to religious identity. Many pundits have identified this as a problem for the Republican Party, fearing that this identification will continue as these voters get older. This will probably not be the case. College-age people, as a group, always rebel against their parents when they leave home and dropping out of church is part of that. When they marry and have children, they tend to join churches and other religious institutions again. The real problem for the Republican Party is its identification with religious policies and views that are insensitive to women. The reopening of the debate over reproductive matters has alienated many female voters. The suggestion that workers at religious institutions should have fewer health-care rights than those employed at other businesses does not sit well with many women. Similarly, the views on rape expressed in religious terms by some male Republican candidates further damaged the party’s image among women. In the end, it seems that people largely voted for the party that made them feel welcome. Republicans attracted those who were white, Christian and male, winning their votes by large numbers. Democrats attracted majorities among those voters who did not belong to all three of these categories. Add these results to the roughly 40 percent of the white male Christians who voted for Obama, and that explains the election’s outcome.

November 30 - December 7, 2012

Weekly Trivia Answer from Last Week Who was the last president to serve as President of the United States under the Articles of the Confederacy?

Cyrus Griffin

Cyrus Griffin (July 16, 1749 – December 14, 1810) was a lawyer and judge who served as the last President of the Continental Congress, holding office from January 22, 1788, to November 2, 1788. He resigned after the ratification of the United States Constitution rendered the old Congress obsolete, and was later a United States federal judge. Griffin was born in Farnham, Virginia, in 1749. He was educated in England and in Scotland at the University of Edinburgh. While there Griffin married Christina Stewart, oldest daughter of John Stewart, the sixth Earl of Traquair (1699–1779). This was done via a secret elopement and escape through the hills of Scotland after the Earl had forbidden contact between Christina and Griffin after the suitor had announced his intentions. Estranged for many years, the Earl reconciled with his daughter via correspondence shortly before his death. Griffin was engaged in the private practice of law in Lancaster, Virginia from 1774 to 1777. He was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates and a delegate to the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1781, and again from 1787 to 1788, serving as an appeals court judge in the interim. He served as President of Congress from January to November 1788, a mostly ceremonial position with no real authority. Griffin was president of the Supreme Court of the Admiralty from its creation until its abolition, and was commissioner to the Creek nation in 1789. Griffin received a recess appointment from President George Washington on November 28, 1789, to a new seat on the United States District Court for the District of Virginia, created by 1 Stat. 73. Formally nominated on February 8, 1790, Griffin was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 10, 1790, and received his commission the same day. He served until his death (in Yorktown, Virginia) on December 14, 1810. He is buried next to his wife in the churchyard at Bruton Parish Church in Williamsburg, Virginia.



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Public Pulse

November 30 - December 7, 2012

How to get a job you love in the new year The New Year is the perfect time to evaluate your career and take control of your professional life. And doing so may be easier than you think in today’s economy, where one-third of the American workforce is now comprised of freelancers. Experts say self-employed, independent workers have gone mainstream and are here to stay. “From computer programmers and nannies to opera singers and anesthesiologists, nearly every industry is now employing freelancers,” says Sara Horowitz, founder of the Freelancers Union and author of the new handbook, “The Freelancer’s Bible.” “The time’s long past for viewing freelancing as a euphemism for slackers or the unemployed.” While freelancing does have challenges, Horowitz contends that with some planning and research, a freelancer can survive and thrive in the new economy. “Even those with stable full-time jobs should consider the benefits of freelance work -- from the freedom to pursue multiple professional paths at once, to the ability to take time off without permission,” says Horowitz. To help Horowitz founded

the Freelancer’s Union to empower this growing independent sector with solutions for affordable health care and retirement planning. Whether you’re an experienced independent worker, or just getting started, there are several things that can help you become a more nimble, flexible and successful freelancer: • Tell everyone: Sometimes gigs drop in your lap, but mostly they come from connecting and sharing with others. Remember that everything is a marketing opportunity. Don’t be shy about networking. People will want to help. Give them what they need to spread the word. Just be careful to be professional, not pushy. • Stay positive: In many ways, having multiple sources of income and multiple money-making skills is less risky than putting all your eggs in an employer’s basket. So don’t think of freelancing as volatile and risky, so much as flexible and opportunity-rich. • Balance risks and rewards: Weigh how much time and energy you should invest in various projects and be open to changing the mix depending on the work market and your income needs.

Know your Constitution

Every week, the Observer prints one article, paragraph, or section of either the U.S. or State Constitution for your information.

• Negotiate: Negotiating a contract isn’t about displaying bravado. It’s about knowing your power relationship with the client. Get informed by learning your industry’s deal norms, the market’s needs and your market value. Not happy with where you stand? Get training, find markets with bigger budgets or gain more experiences until you can be rewarded with higher pay. • Get a life: Employees get vacation time, sick leave, family leave, bereavement days and personal days. Those policies exist largely because workers advocated for them. Who advocates for you? Without a 9-5 schedule, it’s easy to forget you have a life outside of your work. Be sure to schedule breaks and vacations and budget for time off. More practical tips on living the freelance life can be found at the Freelancer’s Union website at www. More information on Horowitz’s new book can be found at In this new economy that’s friendlier toward independent workers, taking control of your career is easier than ever.

Article 1 - The Legislative Branch Section 7 - Revenue Bills, Legislative Process, Presidential Veto All bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other Bills. Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the President of the United States; If he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his Objections to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with the Objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be determined by Yeas and Nays, and the Names of the Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law. Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill.

Sponsor our “Know your Constitution” section for only $25.00 per week!

Sports Report Wyoming boys pre-season basketball rankings 2012-2013

The first rankings of the upcoming boys basketball season are out.


Revenue Committee Members 2013 Senator R. Ray Peterson Jim L. Anderson (SD28) Cale Case Fred Emerich Michael Von Flatern

Representative Michael Madden Gregg Blikre John Eklund W. Patrick Goggles Dan Kirkbride Bunky Loucks David Northrup Ruth Petroff Mark Semlek


Party R R R R R

District S19 Chairman S28 S25 S05 S24


Party R R R D R R R R R

District H40 Chairman H53 H10 H33 H04 H59 H50 H16 H01

Campbell County Observer

For the second year in a row, Gillette is the #1 ranked team in 4A. The Camels lost a double overtime game to Evanston for the title last March 52 to 51. Gillette took 8 of the 11 first place votes to lead the pack. Riverton is second with 2 top votes. Three teams tie for third in Kelly Walsh, East and defending Champion Evanston. Evanston is at East to start the

Submitted by James Phillip Grabrick

Where is this picture taken?

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season on Thursday, November 29th while Randy Roden and KW are at East, 2 days later. Sheridan, Natrona, Central, and Laramie also received votes.


17 of the 20 teams in this division got votes. The team that has won three of the last four championships are on top. Wyoming Indian has played in the last four title games and ranks first with ten of the seventeen #1 votes. The Chiefs are followed by their rivals from the North in Lovell who was

runner up last March after going 22 and 5 on the season. The Bulldogs pulled 5 of the top ballots. #1 WIHS does not play on opening weekend but opens the season at #2 Lovell in December. Big Horn is third, Burns fourth and Wind River fifth. Big Horn and Burns will cross paths at the Lusk Invite. Three teams were not included in the votes to begin the year, but, every other team received at least one vote.

Sports Report

November 30 - December 7, 2012

Twin Spruce wrestling results

Football Pick’em

Time to pick your winners!

Get 100% of the football picks right for NFL week 14 and receive a free large pizza from Godfathers in Gillette!

Submitted by Jeff Wagoner On Monday November 19th, Twin Spruce Hosted the Andy Pointer Memorial, which consists of the “A” teams of Twin Spruce and Sage Valley dueling Sturgis and Spearfish. A “B” team tournament runs in conjunction with “A” team action. Andy Pointer was a Warrior who battled numerous physical conditions but fought hard until his body gave out. His spirit inspired many at Twin Spruce and the community. For two years Andy served as an assistant coach for the Warriors; he became the heart of the Warriors. Andy=Heart has become a motto of Twin Spruce Warrior wrestling. The Warrior “A” team received a humbling lesson from both Sturgis and Spearfish. The Warriors lost to Sturgis 59-20. Earning victories for the Warriors: Austin Cunningham, Hunter Rawlins, Jake Sather, and Andrew Coleman. Against Spearfish, the Warriors lost 51-40. Earning victories for the Warriors: Austin Cunningham, Dalton Mckinsey, Hunter Rawlins, Gavin Mills, Kolter Adams, Devan Dulaney, Andrew Coleman, and Tyler Anthony.

In B action, results are pending. The Warriors would like to thank all the volunteers who helped make the tournament a success: Tournament Director Jeff Wasserburger, Gary Jahnke, Touch of Gold Wrestling, 8th and 9th grade p.e. students and the custodial staff of Twin Spruce. On Tuesday November 20th, the Warrior Wrestling “A” team defeated Buffalo 48-42. Earning victories for the Warriors: Jared Gaskins, Sam Moudy, Austin Cunningham, Hunter Rawlins, Gavin Mills, Tristan Chapman, Devan Dulaney, and Tyler Anthony. The “A” team defeated Sheridan 46-39 in a hardfought battle. Earning victories for the Warriors: Austin Cunningham, Dalton Mckinsey, Jake Sather, Gavin Mills, Devan Dulany, Gabe Guzman, Jonathon Ramirez, and Tyler Anthoney. The conference duals were held in “The Pit” at the old Sheridan High School in front of an energized crowd. In “B” team action, the following

Warriors were victorious: Ethan Stovall, Rico Delgrande (2), Kolter “Madman” Adams (2), Jeriah “Natrone” Means, (2), Logan Guerrero (2), Rhyse Wandler (2), Kolter Izatt, Fatan Dixon,. On Tuesday November 28th, the Twin Spruce Warrior Wrestlers competed in the Spearfish Invitational Tournament. Wrestlers were placed in 8 man brackets wrestling out to 8th place. Kolter Izatt, Joseph Merida, Jonathon Ramirez, Preston Duran, Gavin Mills, and Tyler Anthony placed first. Kolter Adams, Dalton Mckinsey, Colton Galambas, and Andrew Coleman finished in second place. Quinton Howard, Rico Delgrande, Jake Sather, Tanner Potter, Gabe Uran, Zach Shippy, Cody Switzer, and Rhyse Wandler placed third. Jared Gaskins, Tucker Gorton, Logan Guerrero, Jeriah Means, Anthony Johnston, and John Lechler placed fourth. Cooper Snowden, Chris Morris, Anthony Rangle, and Tristan Chapman placed fifth. Steve Weant and Paul Vincent placed sixth, while Ethan Stovall finished in seventh place. Xavier Harris, Justice Miller, and Colton Gehrett placed eighth. John “Hannibal” Lechler and Kolter “The Crusher” Izatt earned the Heart Award for the week.


with East fifth. #1 NC is at #5 East on Friday, November 30th. KW, Green River, Central, Evanston and Rock Springs also received votes.


While 3A’s two time champs weren’t shown much love, Lovell is the opposite. The two time 2A champs are #1 to start the year after going 25 and 1 on their way to the title.

Circle the winners, and mail them to: 707 W. Third St. Gillette, WY 82716 (or just drop them off !) 2012 NFL WEEKLY PICK’EM WEEK 14 Brought to you by the Campbell County Observer Thurs. Dec. 06 Denver at


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Joke of the week

Girls pre-season Wyoming HS Basketball rankings 2012-2013 Natrona takes the top spot this year. The Fillies were runner up last year losing just one game in their 25-1 season. That game was a 38 to 35 title game loss to Laramie. Back for NC is Gatorade Player of the Year, Kaylee Johnson, who is a junior. Sheridan ranks 2nd with Gillette third. Defending champion Laramie is fourth

Campbell County Observer

Submitted by Glenn Flares

Tongue River is second. TR went 24 and 4 last year and finished third. Thermopolis, last year’s runner up, is third. Tongue River goes to Thermop’s tournament to start the year next week. Southeast and Wyoming Indian round out the top five. Shoshoni, Big Horn, Pine Bluffs, Wind River, Wright, and Kemmerer also had votes.

A man was taking his wife, who was pregnant with twins, to the hospital when his car went out of control and crashed. Upon regaining consciousness, he saw his brother, a relentless world-class practical joker, sitting at his bed side. He asked his brother how his wife was and his brother replied, “Don’t worry, everybody is fine and you have a son and a daughter. But the hospital was in a real hurry to get the birth certificates filed and since both you and your wife were unconscious, I named them for you.” The husband was thinking to himself, “Oh no, what has he done now?” and said with trepidation, “Well what did you name them?” The brother replied, “I named the little girl Denise.” The husband, relieved, said, “That’s a very pretty name! What did you come up with for my son?” The brother replied, “Denephew.”

Weekly Trivia Answer from Last Week Who was the first Vice President to become President without an election?

President John Tyler

A Vice President Received Tragic News John Tyler had started his political career as a Jeffersonian Republican, serving in the Virginia legislature and as the state’s governor. He eventually was elected to the US Senate, and when he became an opponent of Andrew Jackson’s policies he resigned his Senate seat in 1836 and switched parties, becoming a Whig. Tyler was tapped as the running mate of Whig candidate William Henry Harrison in 1840. The legendary “Log Cabin and Hard Cider” campaign was fairly free of issues, and Tyler’s name was featured in the legendary campaign slogan, “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too!” Harrison was elected, and caught a cold at his inauguration while delivering a lengthy inaugural address in very bad weather. His illness developed into pneumonia, and died on April 4, 1841, a month after taking office. Vice president John Tyler, at home in Virginia and unaware of the seriousness of the president’s illness, was informed that the president had died. The Constitution Was Unclear On the Issue of Succession Tyler returned to Washington, thinking that he was the president of the United States. But he was informed that the Constitution wasn’t precisely clear about that. The relevant wording in the Constitution, in Article II, section 1, said: “In case of removal of the President from office, or of his death, or inability to discharge the powers and duties of said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President…” The question arose: what did the framers mean by the word “same”? Did it mean the presidency itself, or merely duties of the office? In other words, in


the event of a president’s death, would the vice president become an acting president, and not actually the president? Back in Washington, Tyler found himself being referred to as “the vice president, acting as president.” Critics referred to him as “His Accidency.” Tyler, who was staying at a Washington hotel (there was no vice presidential residence until modern times), summoned Harrison’s cabinet. The cabinet informed Tyler that he was not actually the president, and any decisions he would make in office would have to be approved by them. John Tyler Held His Ground “I beg your pardon, gentlemen,” Tyler said. “I am sure I am very glad to have in my cabinet such able statesmen as you have proved yourselves to be, and I shall be pleased to avail myself of your counsel and advice, but I can never consent to being dictated to as to what I shall or shall not do. I, as president, will be responsible for my administration. I hope to have your cooperation in carrying out its measures. So long as you see fit to do this I shall be glad to have you with me. When you think otherwise, your resignations will be accepted.” Tyler thus claimed the full powers of the presidency. And the members of his cabinet backed down from their threat. A compromise suggested by Daniel Webster, the secretary of state, was that Tyler would take the oath of office, and would then be the president. After the oath was administered, on April 6, 1841, all the officers of the government accepted that Tyler was the president and possessed the full powers of the office. The taking of the oath thus came to be seen as the moment when a vice president becomes president.


Campbell County Observer

Help Wanted Cook needed at Lu La Bells. Motivated and Energetic. Days Only. Apply at Lu La bells. PERSONAL ASSISTANCE NEEDED: We are looking for an Office Assistant. Duties include greeting clients, answering phones, and routing mail, data entry and retrieve,scheduling and calender maintenance,Ideal candidates will have proven customer service skills in an administrative setting and experience with Microsoft Office applications email resumes to IF INTERESTED Powder River Roofing, a growing company in N.E. Wyoming, is hiring full time roofers. Call 307-696-7465 for an interview.

Toy Parts & Accessories Stock pipes for Sportster. 500mi. Stock pices for Dyna Wide Glide. 1500mi. Email for info. Rare find. 1969 Pontiac Motor. 390 HP and 470 ft. torque stock from factory. Aluminum edelbrock intake goes with motor. Best offer takes it home. 307-6220825 (a1-39-tfnh) 1999 Vortec 350 Intake and heads. Make offer. 307-6220825 (a1-39-tfnh) Four 16 inch rims, five hole, with caps.$90 307 - 670 1887 Harley Accessories for sale. Call 307-670-8980. Ask for Tammy.

Campers & Motor Homes

Personal Assistant needed to organize and help. Basic computer skills needed, must be good with organization. I am ready to pay $600.00 per week. Interested person should contact: deans995@ Bl-32-2V

1997 32ft. Class A Motor Home. Sleeps 6, Only 31,000 Miles. Asking $17,000. Call (307) 660-7520.

Full Time Flooring Installers wanted. Must have experience. Bring resumes in to Carpet Express Direct on Hwy. 59 next to the Prime Rib Restaurant.

Large Private RV/Camper Lot for rent. Big yard, trees. All utilities available. $400 per month, $400 deposit. 1 year lease. Call (307) 6601007.

Exciting new career. Unlimited income potential. Think you can sell? Call 307-2994662. We offer commission, fuel allowance, and much more. Sell in the Bighorn, Casper, Powder River, and Black Hills Area.

5th wheel camper for sale. Call Skip (307) 680-0073

Are you a friendly outgoing individual? Do you connect with people casually? Are you looking for supplemental income? Do you need to be in charge of your own hours? We are looking for an independent contractor for commissioned based ad sales. For more information call Sandra at 307-689-0028 or email at State Wide Sales people. Print Advertising Sales for new State-wide newspaper. Call 307-299-4662

Child Care Child Care in Sleepy Hollow. Room for 2 children. $20 per day per child. Call 307-257-2306.

Toys (ATV’s Boats, Etc.) BOAT FOR SALE. 18ft 120 port jet outboard bass tracker for sale. Call 307-680-5947 International Tractor 300 Utility For Sale. $2000 Artic Cat 4X4 2001For Sale. $2000 Call Bill 307 - 660 – 8563 94 Mazda MX3 for sale. $1500 obo. 307-670-2037 1988 Honda Gl1500 for free if interested contact me at ( ) 2010 Polaris 550 eps with less than 100 miles, books for $8,000. make and offer. Call Steve Terry at 307-2992992 Chopper - Custom built frame, s&s engine, carb, etc. 80ci. Evolution engine. Wide glide front end. Low. Torn apart down to frame. Have all parts, could be built in two days with under $200.00. Asking $5,500 or best offer. Price:$5,500obo. Contact: 307-670-2037 1981 Harley Davidson FXBSturgis, 1st dual-belt drive to commemorate Hill-Climb @ Sturgis, Jack-Pine Gypsies rally started in ‘41, 50th anniversary model. 12K on straight-up original paint, new Moetzler’s driven-by beefed Shovel, 102hp at wheel. Perfect in every aspect, serious inquiries only, loan is $15K and value of over 25K. Ben 680.7464, 3-other older bikes and this has to go to the right person! Custom Harley Soft tail. Being built, need to sell now. Almost finished. Chopper, built in Sturgis, SD. Asking $5,500 and will help you build it. HAVE ALL PARTS! Call 257-2306 Boat for Sale with trailer. Needs work. Call 670-8980 for info.

Personals Interested in founding a Sherlock Holmes Society in Gillette? Contact gillettesherlockians@gmail. com for info.

Camping/Fishing Minnows, crawlers, leeches, fishing tackle, boating and camping supplies. Fully furnished cabin rentals, 50 Amp Full Hookup RV sites 5 minutes from Keyhole Reservoir in Pine Haven. Empire Guesthouse & RV Park 307756-3454.

Business Opportunities Looking for investor in local business. Call for Details. 307-257-2306. Exciting career available Now! No weekends, holidays, or nights. Unlimited income potential. 20% commission plus gas allowance selling print advertising. Call Anne Peterson (advertising manager) at (307) 299-4662 or email AnnePeterson@ CampbellCountyObserver. com Health problems? Try doTERRA certified pure essential oils. 307-680-0363. www.

Apartments for Rent 1-5 bedroom units available for rent. Please contact Real Estate Systems of Gillette Inc at 307-682-0964 for all the updated details. Apartment for Rent in WindRidge Appts. Water/Trash/ Washer/Dryer. Air and Heat. 3bs/2bth. Must qualify for low income housing. $740.00/ mo. Call 307-685-8066 Foothills View Apartments Hot Move In Special! Cool, Clean, Quiet Apartments. A/C, 2 Bdrm. $695 1Bdrm. $595. Showing anytime Call 307-686-6488 C3-28-2v Apartments for rent. Foothills View Apartments. Clean and Quiet. One and Two bedroom units starting at $595.00. Call for showing andmove in special 307-6866488 (c3-42-3v) Spacious & new, 1, 2, &3 bdrm affordable apartments available now! Call 6858066. Washer and dryer in every unit. Private sunny patio or balcony. Special move-in rate, 1 bdrm: $694, 2 bdrm: $777, 3 bdrm: $888. Move in now and deduct $ 200 off first month while special lasts. Call Konnie or Celeste at Highland Properties 685-8066.

Produce for Sale Fresh local “Free Range” eggs. All natural, no animal by-products. No antibiotics. $3/Doz. 257-9049

For Rent 2 Bedroom Duplex, with one car garage, washer/dryer, no pets. $700rent/$700deposit. 307-689-0202 Room for Rent. Nice Room for Rent for one responsible person. $480.00 per month. 689-9358.

November 30 - December 7, 2012

Guns for Sale



Czech CZ-82 Pistol. 9X18 Caliber, semi auto. High quality steel construction made for field use. 12 round capacity magazine, cock and lock style safety, super accurate polygonal rifled barrel. Comes with extra magazine, cleaning tools, and original issue military holster. Regular price $387.93, On sale with this ad for only $315.00. Call Wyoming Mountaineers 299-2084 and mention this ad.

Homeowners and renters insurance for house, trailer, or apartments. Call Elizabeth Jones Agency 307-682-6520

Licensed daycare now open. Spots available full-time and before and after school. Close to Rozet school and the post office. Monday through Friday 6:30am to 6pm. Ages 3 and up. Call 307-299-1915

Taurus Model 827, 38SPL Revolver. 7rnd, 4” Barrel, Stainless Steel. MSRP: $664.00 on sale with this add $575.00. or make 4 payments of $163.20 each. Call Wyoming Mountaineers 2992084 and mention this ad. Remington model 770 Sportsman with 3x9 scope. 270 win. 22” barrel, black syn. Stock. MSRP $375.00. Mention this ad and buy same MSRP for $325.00 (or 4 payments of $95.40). Wyoming Mountaineers, call or text 307-299-2084 D132-TFN Savage Arms/Stevens Model 350 12 Ga. pump shotgun. 3” chamber, 28” barrel, 4+1 Capacity, Black soft touch synthetic stock. Screw in chokes comes with modified choke. Bottom eject makes this an excellent waterfowl and upland bird hunting gun. Regular price $294.95. On sale with this ad for only $250.00. Call Wyoming Mountaineers 299-2084 and mention this ad. Get a piece of history. Mosin Nagant Russian M91/30 Surplus Rifle. Very good to Excellent condition 7.62X54 Caliber. These are a very accurate rifle shooting 4” groups at 1000 yards. Open sights are adjustable to yardage with a push of a button. Great gun for hunting deer or elk very cheap ammo available for target practice ($85 per 440 rnds) Comes with military issue sling, sling pouches, bayonet, and cleaning tools. Retailing as high as $175.00 on sale with this ad $145.00. Call Wyoming Mountaineers 2992084 and mention this ad. Wyoming Mountaineers now offers easy payment plans on any in stock firearm. Your debit card is your line of credit. Purchase any firearm that is in stock making 4 payments weekly, biweekly, or monthly. Processing fee and payment plan fee apply. Call Wyoming Mountaineers for more details. Call Wyoming Mountaineers 299-2084 and mention this ad. Taurus Model 827, 38 SPL revolver. 7RND, 4” barrel, Stainless Steel. MSRP $664.00. Mention this ad and get MSRP for $350.00 (4 easy payments of $102.03) Wyoming Mountaineers, call or text 307-299-2084 D132-TFN Gunsmithing Special of the week. Electrolysis Barrel Cleaning. Increase the accuracy of your firearm, get ready for hunting season or a summer of shooting fun. Most cleanings complete overnight and your gun is ready the next day. This week only $25.00. Call Wyoming Mountaineers 2992084 and mention this ad. Before you buy, make a call to get a quote. We can order any gun you are looking at and just may be able to save you a ton of money. Call for a free quote. $15.00 FFL Transfer Fee on all internet purchases. If you find that smoking great deal on the internet we transfer guns for only $15.00 per gun. Call Wyoming Mountaineers 2992084 and mention this ad. Colt AR-15, Sporty Target. Pre-ban, INCREDIBLY LOW SALE NUMBER. Great condition $1,500. (307) 6894339. D1-32-2V 1903 Springfield. 30o6 Cal. U.S. Military. $700 obo. Call (307) 682-7864

Heavy Equipment/ Trailers

RV Winterization starting at $99.95 at YOUR house. Call Randy at 307-660-3091 (b340-tfnh) Powder River Roofing is N.E. Wyoming’s top quality roofing, with the highest safety standards in the area. Call for your FREE estimate today for metal/wood/shingle removal, install, and repair. (307)-696-7465. Don’t worry, we’ve got you covered! Want To Get in Shape?Like to have Fun? Learn The Graceful moves of American Oriental Belly Dancing! The 3rd Sunday of every month. Call Leanna Tabatt 307-6808457 Looking to buy a new computer? Why waste the money? “Your Computer Store” has refurbished towers and laptops rebuilt right here in our store. Plenty of memory, disc space, and advice. Come by and see our inventory at “Your Computer Store,” where YOU come first! 802 E. Third St next to Ice Cream Land Powder River Mechanics. We have the cheapest labor rates, but the best quality repairs in town. We offer full services on Foreign and domestic vehicles, ATV’s, Snowmobiles, motorcycles, jet ski’s, boats, and more. Let us put you on a Preventative maintenance schedule so your vehicles run miles past your warranty. Call for an appointment. 307-6967713. Avenue Mall - Over 30 vendors, come check us out! 217 Gillette Ave. Mon-Fri. 9AM to 7 PM, Sat. 9AM- 5 PM, Sun. 10 AM - 4 PM Computers have become like cars, and they need repaired. Want the best quality repair work in N.E. Wyoming? Bring your computer to “Your Computer Store.” Quality work at a quality price. “Your Computer Store,” where YOU COME FIRST 802 E. Third street next to Ice Cream Land. Auto insurance preferred and SR-22’s. Call Elizabeth Jones Agency 307-682-6520 Motorcycle and ATV insurance. Call Elizabeth Jones Agency 307-682-6520

Merchandise 1939 HA Selmer Trumpet $750 OBO. 687-1087 Exterior door with window, interior light fixtures, and computer supplies. E-mail Refrigerator (white) Great condition $100 307-2995918 Blue Dual Reclining Sofa. Good shape $100 Call 6802982. Can text photo if you like. Spyder Semi-auto paint ball gun. cal..68 Special Edition. Only used twice! New $300 For you $175 plus two canisters. Call 680-1302 If you are interested in purchasing Nutrient Rich Ranch Raised Beef grown locally, call 307-340-1108. Great Jerky Five roasts and twelve pounds of hamburger for a flat rate. $150.00. All ranch raised beef. This is an approximate savings of 10% on the total. Contact Jason Walker at 307-686-0577 For sale: whirlpool refrigerator, brand new patio propane heater, still in box Cabela’s shower tent, large dining room dark blue/red rooster rug, 10” wet tile saw, treadmill. Call 682-6353. Kojac series One, two and three dvd $65.00 $98 value 307 - 670 - 1887 Two place aluminum snowmobile trailer. $1,600. 307689-0202


6x10 trailer. Great shape, fits your biggest Harley. $1,400 obo. 299-4967. 1981 Circle J 4-horse Horse Trailer. New floor, paint and wiring. $2500 OBO Call 307 - 680 – 2374 1981 Circle J 4-horse Horse Trailer. New floor, paint and wiring done in shop class 2 years ago. No rust only used once since redone. $2500 or OBO Call 307 - 680 – 2374

Basset Hound pups for sale; 9 weeks old; need shots. Rust and White and Tricolor $250.00; One Lemon and White female $300.00. Transportation cost additional if I deliver @ 25 cents per mile. Serious Inquiries Only! Please call 307-382-9282. 2 AKC Registered Tea Cup Yorkies Puppies for free. They are male and female. If interested contact D7-45-3H


Bring your catch by the Empire Guesthouse for photographs which may be published in this newspaper with our fishing reports. Along with that, the Guesthouse staff will be awarding monthly prizes for those that let us photograph them and their catch. It doesn’t have to be a trophy to enter and there will be special prizes for those 12 and under. Carp shooters are also welcome to enter. Check with the Guesthouse for more details. ACE will reduce your appetite and give you energy. The natural way to lose weight. 660-2974

Homes for Sale Home for sale by owner in Western Way. Asking $239,000 for the 1,800 sq. ft. 3 bedroom 2 bath home with an unfinished basement and a two car garage. Fully fenced, large landscaped yard with a sprinkler system. Home is within walking distance to the new recreation center and the new elementary school that is being built. Please contact me at 307-670-1209 if you are interested. For Sale. 3br Townhouse. 1.5 bath. 307-680-1449 (c139-tfnh) Tri-level house for sale 4 bed 2 bath $209,000 (307) 6701925. 40+ Acres 2 miles south of Wright 1999 Atlantic Oak Modular. $250,000 OBO Call 307 - 680 – 2374 Great House - 4 bedroom, 2 bath, computer room, huge island kitchen, fireplace. Must see! call 307-687-0333 C1-23-tfn 3 bedroom 11/2 bath C1-39-tfnh

Townhouse 680-1449

FSBO 2,688 SF home on corner lot with fenced back yard. 4 bedrooms, 3.5 bathrooms, upgraded kitchen, finished walkout basement, oversized garage. $259,000. 307-680-9180.

Wanted to Buy I Buy Militaria. Swords, uniforms, bayonets, medals, guns/parts, field gear. 6827864 Wanted: Old Batteries. Call 307-670-1675. D4-30-8P WILL PAY CASH FOR CAMPERS. Call Scott (307) 680-0854.

Home Appliances/ Furnshings Booth Table. L-shaped. With Chairs. Seats 6. $500.00 Call 299-4967 Three antique pressedbacked oak chairs. Excellent condition. $85 each. 6820042

Autos, Trucks and Vans ‘76 Electra-Glide would consider trade on Pan or Knuck if ya know of anyone, ‘81 sent it to LA-S&S, 11.5to1 and dual-plugged to run regular-gas, had burn-out time at Hog-Jam! Ben 680.7464. 1993 Chrysler LHS for sale or trade. Needs tie-rod and alignment. Runs good. $1,500.00 OBO. Email 1994 Plymouth Voyager for sale or trade. Runs/ looks great. 188,000 miles. $2,000.00 OBO. Email 1996 Nissan Pathfinder 4x4. New BF Goodrich Tires, Runs good. $1,200.00. 307299-4662. (a141-tfnh) 2004 Yukon Denali XL,6.0 Motor, Loaded $14,000 OBO 660-9351 2008 Hyundai Sonata LMTD, 40,000 mi. $13,500, Call 307-660-2532. 2000 Chevy Silverado 4x4 1/2 Ton Pickup. New tires, ext. cab, long bed. 148,000 mi. One owner. 307-6700858 or 303-250-4096 97’ Chevy Long Box Extended Cab. ¾ Ton, selling for Parts. $1,000 OBO. 307680-7431 1982 Chevy Ventura Van. 350 Engine, 400 Turbo newly rebuilt transmission. Interior in GREAT shape, has a working electric wet bar and built in cooler in back. Carb. needs re-jetted, other than that there are no problems. Must see. Asking $3,500 or best offer. Price:$3,500obo. Contact: 307-670-8980 1952 Chevy Dumptruck, hauls 5 tons of coal $1500 307-682-1172 1986 Toyota Tercel 4x4. $1050.00. Call 307-2995918

Tonneau Cover for sale! Cover will fit any pickup with an 8' bed, long wheel base - $125.00

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Our Roots

November 30 - December 7, 2012

Campbell County Observer

More than just a Telephone... By Mike Borda When we hear the name Alexander Graham Bell, one other term comes immediately to mind. Bell’s most famous invention, the telephone, brought him fame. However, there was far more to Alexander Graham Bell than just the telephone. His life was far more complex and rich than this one invention, and although it would define him in history, it was only a part of what made up his life. Alexander Graham Bell was actually born in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1847. The son of an academic, Bell learned early on that education and learning were important. From his early years he had a creative mind - as a boy he often came up with simple inventions that impressed those around him. Along with his academic studies, he also began his pursuit of communication as a boy, which included learn-

ing non-verbal communication in order to speak with his mother, who was rapidly losing her hearing. Bell excelled in school in Great Britain, and was in line to attend a university before the family decided to move to Canada. It was after this move that Bell began to devote his time to inventing, and his ideas flourished. The next year the family moved again, this time to Boston, where Bell’s father was offered a position to teach the deaf. However, his father could not fulfill the obligation, and Alexander instead took the position. It was his work with the deaf that solidified Bell’s life-long commitment to improving communication. After a short time, he cut back on his work with students to concentrate on his inventing. He began studying physics during his spare time, and began thinking of ways to improve the tele-

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graph - which was best form of long-term communication at the time. He began working with another scientist, Thomas Watson, and in 1875 the duo made their most crucial discovery. While telegraph lines used simple tones, Bell wanted to transmit multiple tones in an effort to transmit voices over the existing infrastructure. While experimenting, Watson was able to get a noise of multiple tones. Bell heard this from another room in the house, and the telephone was on its way. After a year of further experimentation, Bell was able to patent the telephone. However, this was not the

Martha Jane Canary By Jeff Morrison

Legendary figures of the Old West often cashed in on their fame and notoriety to earn a living later in life. Frank James, after a long stint in prison, gave tours of the family farm and his brother, Jessie’s grave site. Sitting Bull sold his autograph to tourists. Buffalo Bill not only created the Wild West Show, but developed a multi-facetted business franchise from his name. Martha Jane Canary, the reallife woman behind Calamity Jane, also profited from her own fame. But her legend disguised a tragic life of alcoholism, poverty, and prostitution. She ended up believing her own myth, as did the rest of society. As a result, just about every aspect of her life has been disputed over the years and it has become nearly impossible to filter out the facts from the fiction. This is my humble attempt to do so: Martha was born in Missouri around 1852. She was the eldest of six children born to Robert and Charlotte Canary. In 1865 the Canary family sold their farm and joined the gold rush to Virginia City, Montana. Along the journey, young Martha hunted for food along with the men of the wagon train. She was, by all accounts, a very good shot with a rifle, and this would work in her favor in the hard years to come. Her parents were not the best of role models. It has been claimed that her mother was a reformed prostitute who could swear like a teamster – a character trait her daughter became well known for as well. Once in the gold camps of Montana, her father apparently did more gambling than prospecting. At one point, the children were so neglected that Martha had to beg for help from their neighbors. Charlotte died in 1866, and Richard moved the family to Salt Lake City, where he attempted to return to farming. He died in 1867, leaving 15-year-old Martha to care for her siblings as best she could. Martha, who was ill-educated and functionally illiterate her entire life, had few prospects. By 1868, she apparently left her siblings in the care of others and struck out on her own, ending up working in the brothels that sprung up in the “Hell on Wheels” camps of the Union Pacific Railroad construction crews. Not much is known about her actual life from 1868 to 1873. She later claimed, through

ghost-written “autobiographies” written for her dime museum stage act, to have done some pretty amazing things: In 1872, she was hired by Lt. Colonel George Custer as a scout at Fort Russell in Cheyenne. She later accompanied him to Arizona to fight Apaches. At this same time, she saved the life of a Captain Egan who commanded a military post near the present town of Sheridan, and earned her nickname Calamity Jane. She married Wild Bill Hickok in 1873 up in Montana… These are just a few of the utter fabrications she not only repeated but eventually came to believe as gospel truth toward the end of her life. By 1873, she was working at the Three Mile Hog Ranch near Fort Laramie. A “Hog Ranch” was a brothel that was located just outside the military reserve of a remote post. They were considered the ultimate dead-end for prostitutes. By this time whatever “youthful good looks” Martha had ever possessed were mostly gone, thanks to rough living and alcoholic binges. In 1875 she joined General George Crook’s expedition to expel miners from the Black Hills as a camp-follower. To avoid detection from officers during the day, prostitutes often bobbed their hair and donned soldier uniforms to blend in. Martha’s wind tanned skin and masculine chin helped with the disguise. But when she and a friend tried to join Crook’s Big Horn Expedition in early 1876, she only made it as far as Reno Cantonment near Pumpkin Buttes. They were caught and sent packing back to Fort Fetterman. Martha later claimed to have accompanied the expedition as a scout. Exactly what knowledge she had of the Powder River Country, or the Lakota, Arapahoe and Northern Cheyenne remains a mystery. Capt. Jack Crawford later wrote that Calamity Jane “… never saw service in any capacity under either General Crook or General Miles. She never saw a lynching and never was in an Indian fight. She was simply a notorious character, dissolute and devilish, but possessed a generous streak which made her popular.” In July of 1876 she was in Cheyenne when a wagon train led by Charlie and Steve Utter was preparing to embark to the new gold prospecting community of Deadwood. Martha and a few other prostitutes joined the

end of his work. He would end up having 18 patents to his name, including what was called the Photophone, an invention that would allow people to not only hear, but see the people that they were talking too. He also worked on other inventions such as a metal detector and a flying machine. Alexander Graham Bell died on August 2, 1922. While he will always be known as the man who invented the telephone, his life was far richer than this. His work was inspired, in part, by his passion for bringing hearing to those who were without it and his life’s work has improved communication for billions of people.

train. Also travelling with Colorado Charlie was former lawman, gambler and living-legend, Bill Hickok. It was the first time Martha met Hickok, and she was smitten. Although she would later claim that she bore Hickok’s child in 1873 and later gave it up for adoption, the infatuation was completely one-sided. When they arrived in Deadwood Hickok gave her $20 and advised her to take a bath and wash behind her ears. Martha, who was by now known throughout the region as “Calamity Jane” (although no one really knows where the nickname came from), would become a frequent visitor to Deadwood for the rest of her life. In 1877 the character of Calamity Jane was introduced into the Deadwood Dick serial written by Edward Lytton Wheeler. Although the fictional character bore little to no resemblance to the actual Calamity Jane, because of the association to Deadwood the dime novel heroin was generally believed to be her. In 1879, Calamity Jane left Deadwood, claiming that it had become “too Puritanical”. She moved from town to town throughout Wyoming, Montana, and the Black Hills. She never stayed in one place long, mostly being asked to move on due to being drunk and disorderly. No

Crime Stoppers needs your help in solving a destruction of property that occurred during the evening hours of 11/16/2012, or the early morning hours of 11/17/2012. Two vehicles that were parked overnight at Jakes Tavern were intentionally damaged. Unknown suspect(s) ripped the driver’s side mirror off of a 2001 Chevy passenger car and used it to vandalize a 1999 Nissan Sentra, bearing CO registration 975OZK. This vehicle was extensively damaged with the vehicle’s windshield and roof being caved in. If you have information that can solve this or any other crime please call Crime Stoppers at 686-0400 or the High School Crime Stoppers at 682-4185. You can remain anonymous and may earn up to $1,000 in reward.

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longer able to make a steady living as a prostitute, she worked at any odd job that cropped up. One of her later claims actually had some truth to it: she was employed occasionally as a muleskinner. Her additional claims to have been an express rider and stage coach driver are not likely, however. From time to time she would live with a “husband”, and even tried homesteading on at least one occasion. Her only known legitimate marriage, albeit brief, was to Bill Steers, who physically abused her and was jailed for it at one point. It is thought that he was most likely the father of her only confirmed child she named, Jessie. In 1894 she moved in with Clinton Burke on a small ranch near Ekalaka, Montana. Although the couple never actually married (probably because she never divorced Steers), she took his name and used it for the rest of her life. In 1895 she enrolled Jessie at the St. Martin’s Academy in Sturgis and took an offer to capitalize on her notoriety. She was employed by traveling dime-museum entrepreneurs, Charles Kohl and George Middleton, to recite her “autobiography” and give shooting demonstrations. Her billing was, “The famous woman scout of the Wild West; Comrade of Buffalo

Bill and Wild Bill; Terror of evildoers in the Black Hills….” She memorized her lines so well that it became her reality. Who could blame her? The myth was so much better than her actual life. Clinton Burke disappeared before the run of the show was over. After the tour closed she mostly lived off money she made from selling the “autobiographies” and her photos, and what she could sponge off acquaintances. In 1901 she went east to do another tour with a different show, but Bill Cody found her drunk and destitute in Buffalo, New York. He bought her a train ticket back west and gave her money for food. Her health declined quickly. In 1903 she made one last visit to Deadwood, where a local photographer took a now famous picture of her in front of Bill Hickok’s grave. In August she died of “inflammation of the bowels.” She was buried in Deadwood next to Wild Bill by the Society of Black Hills Pioneers. Although her fame only provided a meager income at best, Martha Canary’s legend continued to grow after her death. Today, when we think about famous people of the Wild West, three names spring immediately to mind: Buffalo Bill, Wild Bill Hickok, and Calamity Jane.

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November 30-December 7, 2012