Back Back to to School School 2011 2011
Thursday, July 28, 2011
Settling in: A first-year teacher’s journey Students aren’t only ones excited about new school year By Mary Mount Dunbar Staff Writer
When the first day of school in Chester County arrives next week, students won’t be the only ones settling into a new classroom and learning the ropes; for first-year teachers like Kayla Taylor, the beginning of a new school year means many changes and much excitement. Taylor is no stranger to Chester County schools, however. Her grandfather Tommy Moffitt taught in Chester County for many years; she attended Chester County schools her entire life, graduating in 2006; she did her FreedHardeman University student teaching and practicums locally; and after her college graduation last December, she began work as a math interventionist at Chester County Middle School. Now, she begins her first full year as a classroom teacher, and she could scarcely be more excited. “I just generally like school!” she exclaimed during a break from staff development meetings and organizing her classroom. She considers herself fortunate because she had most of her supplies and material stored and waiting for a classroom. When she was hired to teach fifth
grade math and science, she couldn’t wait to get everything out of storage and be given a permanent home in her classroom. While still working as an interventionist, she discovered that she would inherit the room in which she was based when the regular classroom teacher moved to a different grade for the 20112012 school year. That gave her an opportunity to start planning early, so once the floors were refinished and the walls were painted in mid-June, she was ready to move in and get to work. “I had so much stuff in my house,” she said, “and now I finally got it out. I had been envisioning my classroom for awhile and started thinking about it before school was out.” The challenges for a first-year teacher are plentiful. For the first time, Taylor found herself on her own planning lessons, setting up workstations, and hoping her lesson plans are exciting enough for fifth-graders. “There’s not enough time to do everything,” she said, but the lack of time hasn’t dampened her enthusiasm. Starting this year, fifth-graders will See TEACHER, Page 2
Photo by Mary Mount Dunbar, Independent
First-year teacher Kayla Taylor organizes her fifth-grade math and science classroom at Chester County Middle School. Taylor grew up attending school in the local system, and she knew she wanted to return here to teach. She is excited to discover what the school year has in store for her and her students.
Page 2 CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT • Thursday, July 28, 2011
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Teacher change classes once a day. Teachers will be working in teams to cover either math and science or reading and social studies. Taylor is teamed with Christy Foster, and she will be teaching math and science. Taylor believes her expertise area is a good fit. “I’m definitely a math and science person,” she added, explaining how she initially majored in chemistry at FHU. After she started working at Wee Care preschool, she changed her mind and her major. Collaboration amongst the teachers is one of the things Taylor is most looking forward to as a team teacher. Fifth-grade teachers for each of the subject areas will have the opportunity to meet frequently throughout the week to discuss lessons and ideas. Even with school a week away, they’ve met throughout the summer to develop their ideas. “We’ve had lots of time to come up with stuff we’re going to do during the year,” Taylor said. Having worked with students on all
levels and grades at CCMS, Taylor can tell for the start of the year and to see how the a vast difference between fourth-graders students will react. As for Taylor’s take on the and sixth-graders. “Fourthchanges: “I think they’re graders need more reassurgreat! It feels like a different ance,” she explained. “Fifthschool. It feels a lot nicer and graders are more independent, newer, and they did a lot of and sixth-graders are definitely work on this school. It’s like more independent.” getting a brand new classShe is excited that fifthroom.” graders will have the opportuWhile classroom sizes can nity to change classes at least vary depending on how many once during the day, and she is students move in to or out of proud of the sixth-graders for the county during summer, getting ready for their impendTaylor anticipates that each of ing move to Chester County TAYLOR her two classes will have Junior High School later this fall. The independence and opportunity to approximately 26 students. She’ll be be in school with older students will be preparing two lessons a day and teaching extremely helpful to them, Taylor them twice, once to her homeroom in the morning and once to her team teacher’s believes. In addition to the new class schedules, homeroom group later in the day. Since she has worked in the school preCCMS has experienced a facelift over the summer. Classrooms have been cleaned viously, she has a pretty good idea of what and repainted, ceiling tiles replaced, bath- caliber lessons are expected of her, but rooms remodeled, and the office has she said that she has been working extra received a complete overhaul. These hard to make sure her lessons are “really changes, as well as the addition of a brand good” and include things that students new principal, Cristy Swope, have teach- will want to do. Fifth-graders can be extremely indeers and staff quivering with anticipation
pendent and opinionated, and if they think lessons are too “babyish” Taylor said they aren’t afraid to let their teacher know how they feel. While keeping that in mind, she has to be completely sure that she will be covering areas in which the students may be struggling. She will have students of every level in her classes, and her job is to ensure that they are all learning and improving in both math and science. She has discovered that fifth-graders tend to struggle more than fourth- or sixth-graders because it is such an important transition grade – and a time when many students are growing up and experiencing changes of their own. To help them focus, she plans to provide a lot of hands on activities – even in math – and show them why they need math and how to use the concepts in their day-to-day lives. “I think you need to see it and understand why it works,” she said. “Then you can say, ‘I know why this works because I did it.’” As with all new school years, many new adventures lie ahead, but Taylor is ready to face them head-on and to finally meet the students that she has been planning for since last spring.
CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT • Thursday, July 28, 2011 Page 3
New CCJHS wing brings changes to Middle School as well By Mary Mount Dunbar Staff Writer
A new addition at Chester County Junior High School has caused much excitement in the Chester County School System. The new wing with 15 additional classrooms will lead to one of the biggest educational shifts the system has experienced this decade. At some point this fall, sixth-graders and their teachers from Chester County Middle School will pick up their books and belongings and move to the new CCJHS wing, transitioning them from middle schoolers to junior high students in a matter of moments. Not since the late 1990s when Chester County built a new high school and the middle school was first established in the “old high school” building has such a mass migration of classrooms occurred. While this will take place on a smaller scale, moving only one grade rather than seven, the impact will be similar. In recent years, a push in the nation’s education system has been to include sixth-graders with their older peers,
rather than keeping them in elementary and middle schools. Until the middle school was established in 1997, the sixth grade functioned almost as its own entity at North Chester, helping students transition from elementary to junior high. When the middle school opened, the sixth grade was received into the new school as the oldest of the middle grades. Now, new curricula tend to place them as the youngest of the older grades, and Chester County is moving to embrace that concept. As the school system grows, CCMS has generally felt the worst of the growing pains. Sixth-grade classes have been packed into temporary buildings, remote outside classrooms far removed from the rest of the school, and even in the high school vocational building. Superintendent Cherrie Pipkin was concerned about them being so spread out, and in the spring, she proposed the new addition to the school board, which voted unanimously to begin construction. Although summer rains have slowed workers slightly, much progress can be
seen in the new CCJHS addition. “I think it’s on target,” Pipkin stated. “We’ve had more rain than anticipated, but they’re still on track.” The schools had hoped that construction would be finished by fall break to give all the sixth-grade teachers and aides a chance to move during the week-long break, but as of right now, Pipkin believes that work won’t be finished until the end of October at the earliest. Once a more accurate date can be predicted, she stated that it would be up to the school board to determine whether the move should occur during a weekend or if it should be postponed until Christmas break. Despite the uncertainty regarding the move, Pipkin assures everyone that sixthgrade teachers will do everything possible to make the transition smooth for the students. Starting immediately, they will begin changing classes every period, just like they will at the junior high. Their lunch, P.E., and extracurricular classes will be conducted as they are at the junior high, and once the move occurs, they will only be changing locations, not schedules
or times. “P.E. will be the only major change,” Pipkin said. “They will have it every day at the middle school, but they will alternate it with computer at the junior high. The times won’t change though.” The junior high has a computer lab, but the middle school doesn’t have enough computers for the upcoming junior high students to use. Once they get to the junior high, the sixth-graders will remain together for all of their classes. Their lockers and classrooms will all be located in the sixth-grade wing, and they will rarely encounter the upper classmen except at lunch, P.E./computer, assemblies, special events, and going to and from the buses. During the first half day of school on Aug. 2, all sixth-graders will report directly to Chester County Junior High School to meet with Principal Britt Eads and get acquainted with the school. Pipkin said that they should not go to the middle school on that day because there will be no one from their classes there to help them.
Photo by Mary Mount Dunbar, Independent
Fifteen new classrooms are being added to Chester County Junior High School. The new wing will be home to sixth-graders who will be moving from the middle school once the addition is finished later this fall. All sixth-graders at to report the CCJHS on Aug. 2 for the first half day of school.
Page 4 CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT • Thursday, July 28, 2011
Chester County School Calendar 2011-2012 School Year May - July July 26 July 28 July 29 First Semester (2011) *Aug. 1 Aug. 2 (All K-6 students attend. Aug. 3 * Sept. 2 * Sept. 5 Oct. 6 *Oct. 7 * Oct. 10 - 14 * Nov. 23, 24, 25 Dec. 14, 15, 16 Dec. 16 * Dec. 19 – Dec. 30 Second Semester (2012) * Jan. 2 Jan. 3 * Jan.16 * Feb. 20 * March 23 * March 26-30 * April 6 May 14 May 14, 15, 16 * May 17 May 18 * School Dismissal
Teacher In-service (4 days) New Student Registration (8 a.m. – 3 p.m.) Administrative Day (Staff Only) Countywide In-service (Required) Staff Development (Staff Only) Half Day for Students (8-11 a.m.) Only 9th grade at high school, grade 6,7 at junior high) First Regular Day (8 a.m. – 3 p.m.) Staff Development (Teachers Only) Labor Day Regular Day then Parent/Teacher Conferences 5-8 p.m. Parent/Teacher Conferences (continued) 8-11 a.m. Fall Break Thanksgiving Holidays Mid-Term Examinations School Dismissed at 10 a.m. for Holidays Christmas Holidays (10 days) Staff Development (Teachers Only) First Day of 2nd Semester for Students Martin Luther King Holiday President’s Day School Dismissed Spring Break Good Friday Graduation Final Examinations Teachers Work on Records Student Report Cards Issued (10-10:30 a.m.)
CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT • Thursday, July 28, 2011 Page 5
Page 6 CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT • Thursday, July 28, 2011
Schools are starting earlier this year, but many embrace the early August start date By Mary Mount Dunbar Staff Writer
The start of the new school year has long been much debated. Every year, students and parents complain that school starts earlier and earlier, and teachers complain that there’s never enough time to teach everything the students need to learn before TCAPs. When school begins on Aug. 2 this year, some will say they feel as if they’ve barely had a summer break, but the first day of school is a strategic plan, according to Chester County Schools Superintendent Cherrie Pipkin. Students and teachers need as much preparation time as possible before TCAPs in the spring, and they benefit from finishing the first semester before Christmas break begins. “We’re close to having year-around
school,” Pipkin said. “Less time off in the summer equals less time to forget or get out of the habit of school.” Students should not worry, however, that they are missing valuable vacation time; fall break, Thanksgiving, Christmas, spring break and other holidays create breaks throughout the school year without one extremely long break. While schools feel they need more classroom time and shorter breaks, some are less excited by shorter summer breaks. “It does cut our visits down in August,” said Tony Altman, owner of Chickasaw Chalets and member of the Henderson/Chester County Chamber of Commerce tourism committee. According to Altman, Labor Day is a peak time for tourism related activities, and when kids are already in school, par-
ents don’t have the luxury of going out of town for several days. He believes that shifting summer vacation to later in the summer would help tourism in the area. From August to Labor Day, many families try to get away for a “last of the summer blast,” and when school starts at the beginning of August, Altman explains that those families are not able to travel. Emily Shelton, director of the Henderson/Chester County Chamber of Commerce stated that from her standpoint, she would like to see school start back after the sales tax holiday weekend, which is the first weekend of August. “It affects tourism and takes out the whole month of August,” Shelton said. “I think Chickasaw State Park is most affected.” As a mother, she would like to see school start after Labor Day. She stated
that she always started school in September, and she believes that it’s the “quality, not the quantity” of time spent in school that matters. She also added that schools could save money on electric bills by starting later, as September and June are usually not as hot as August. Amy Holland, mother of five year-old Addison Long, who starts kindergarten this year, also remembers not starting school until September. “It seems like they don’t get any time at all.” There are, however, many who like the schedule just the way it is. “The earlier we start school, the earlier we get out of school, so that works out just fine,” said Ben Melton, who will be a junior at Chester County High School this year. “I’d like to keep it the way it is. June See EARLY, Page 7
CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT • Thursday, July 28, 2011 Page 7
From Page 6
Early and July are the hottest months, and you can get the best tan and swim the most.” His mother Lisa Blizzard Melton agreed, “I like it the way it is now.” Melton’s aunt, Lisa McBroom Melton, often cares for her nieces who are Chester County school students. “I like it the way it is now, too. Kids and parents need the break!” she said. While the start of school has steadily moved closer to the beginning of August over the years, more breaks have been added, and Pipkin believes that the present schedule is most helpful for all involved in education. “It has worked out really well to have this type of schedule,” she said. It’s impossible to know what the weather will bring, and few people have
approached the school board about wanting to wait until the taxfree weekend for school clothes and supplies. A push has recently come from tourist areas to change the start date until after Labor Day, but Pipkin fears it would be difficult for her schools to acclimate to that based on when the semester ends and the dates TCAP is scheduled. “Whatever they do, we’ll live with and do what we have to do,” she said. According to a poll among students, most are split regarding when they would like to go back. Forty percent of students polled are happy with the early August date, but 44 percent would rather see school start the first week of September or after Labor Day. Eight percent of the students polled were homeschooled and attended school year-around or as they felt like it, and another eight percent favored various later August start times.
Chester County Schools start Aug. 2 with a half day for K-7th grades and ninth grade. Sixth graders must report to the Junior High School on Aug. 2. Aug. 3 will be a full day for everyone
When Should School Start?
Page 8 CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT • Thursday, July 28, 2011
Soaring for success at new “old” school By James A. Webb Editor in Chief
The building that houses Chester County Middle School opened 60 years ago as Chester County High School. However, as another school year nears the inside of the structure looks as clean, new and modern as any in the system. Recent renovations include the restrooms, half the classrooms, and the office area. Also, for the first time students and visitors entering the building this fall will be greeted by a receptionist in the main lobby area, and the school has a new motto – Soaring for Success Each Day. New paint on the walls is only minor, however, compared to the major changes coming for students and faculty when the school opens for business next week. New leadership takes over as Cristy Swope replaces Randall Fennimore as principal, and later in the year the sixth grade students will leave for greener pastures now being prepared for them at Chester County Junior High. One of the main concerns from parents was the restrooms which have been completely renovated. Swope herself helped with some of the work during the summer. “This makes you take ownership,” she said. “It makes our maintenance crew have ownership too, because they have been here most of the summer helping.” The school also got a new phone system and intercom which each had become obsolete. More than 600 students are expected to start the year at Middle School, with about 220 sixth-graders moving to new quarters now under construction at the Junior High near mid-year. Swope said much thought has gone in to
making the transition as smooth and seamless as possible, with schedules, lunch shifts, etc. remaining the same after the move is made. Swope was assistant principal at the junior high for three years working with Principal Britt Eads. Swope calls Eads, “a great mentor.” She’s been preparing for her new job for the last dozen years, and anxiously awaits the first bell to ring. “Yes, I’m nervous,” she admitted. “You have to be with a new job. It keeps you on your toes I think. But I’m excited also. The nervousness gives you that little bit of extra energy. “I have a lot to learn,” she continued. “We need to continually learn. You cannot be content where you are. I want our students to be lifetime learners, so we in turn have to be their example. “The big picture is the students. If you keep that in mind in all cases, then all your decisions will be correct. “I enjoy the kids, and being with kids,” she emphasized. “It’s fun to be around them even if I have to discipline them, I enjoy being with kids. That’s why I’m in the job I’m in. (But) It’s a big challenge.” Swope emphasized that teachers are excited, even though they’ve been in the classrooms only a short time this summer due to the renovation. She emphasized that teachers continue to be “under the gun” with goals on the standardized testing continuing to increase by about 20 percent each year. “Our faculty’s mindset is that we can handle it, but (the goals) are going up each year. “We need everyone, parents, community; we need all the help we can get. It takes a team effort.”
New Principal Cristy Swope anxiously awaits arrival of students for the beginning of school next week at Chester County Middle School.
Students at Chester County Middle School will navigate Best Blvd., Winner’s Way, and Effort Ave. The building may be 60-years old, but it has never looked finer than now after recent renovations.
CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT • Thursday, July 28, 2011 Page 9
New school year brings about many challenges and changes By Mary Mount Dunbar Staff Writer
Chester County Schools will see many changes during the 2011-2012 school year. Superintendent Cherrie Pipkin stated that students as well as teachers should expect to see many new rules and regulations in the works. The Tennessee School Board Association (TSBA) has developed policies state-wide to help Tennessee school meet the expectations set upon them by the government. While TCAPs have long been used for evaluation and assessment of students and their teachers, this is the first year that TCAP scores will count toward a student’s final grade. In third through eighth grade, TCAP scores will count for 15 percent of a student’s second semester grade, and in high school, those scores will count 25 percent. Pipkin said that this will make students more accountable for their own performance since scores typically affect only teachers and the school See NEW, Page 10-A
Superintendent Cherrie Pipkin meets with the Chester County School Board in this photo from spring 2011. Also pictured is chairman in the board Bob Moore.
Page 10 CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT • Thursday, July 28, 2011
From Page 9-A
New system. Pipkin stated that this year, third grade students will be expected to demonstrate a basic understanding of reading. If they do not, they will not be able to pass to the fourth grade. “It will be interesting to see how that policy is developed and how it plays out,” Pipkin said since promotion data is extremely important to a school’s overall performance review. Schools need to maintain a 93 to 95 percent promotion rate in order to qualify as making adequate yearly progress (AYP). In order to stay on track, Pipkin stated that schools will begin offering summer intervention programs for students who are falling behind. These will be mandatory for students who are struggling, and parents cannot opt their child out. Another major change this year is evaluation of teachers. Unlike in previous years, starting in 2011, every teacher
must be evaluated every year. Tenure will be based on evaluations, which will be much stricter and criteria-specific. Teachers will only be eligible for tenure after five years, and they must receive exemplary evaluations (a 4 to 5 rating) for at least two consecutive years. The school system has added several new supervisors to help with evaluations this year. While tenure will be much more difficult to achieve, Pipkin stated that there are some positives to the new system. “The good thing about it is you can still rehire teachers if they don’t get tenure [at five years]. It’s going to be very difficult to achieve, and a level three is still going to be a very highly qualified teacher. I know all the teachers want to be levels four and five, but we would be tickled to death to have a lot of level threes working for us.” Pipkin feels that many of her teachers are already demoralized by the changes and new standards, and she said that her goal for the upcoming year is to support teachers and encourage them to continue to reach even as the standards become higher and more difficult.
For the past several years, schools have put much of their focus on math in an attempt to raise scores in an area where many students are struggling. However, one side-effect of the push for math is that reading scores have fallen in several grades. To help counteract this, students will be required to read long passages daily and strive for comprehension. “The practices have to be tougher than the game,” Pipkin said. Since becoming superintendent last year, Pipkin has faced many challenges, but she is up for the fight. With her first year behind her, she is ready to face the many new challenges of leading teachers into a new frontier of education. “It was a challenge, and it remains a challenge,” she said. “You think you know a lot of about [what goes on in the school system] until you’re placed in that position. I’ve had a lot of support from the community and parents.” She is eager to keep the system moving forward, and with a positive attitude, she holds to continue helping teachers and principals maintaint their moral as they face a year of changes.
Evaluation of Teachers New yearly teacher evaluations will cover the following areas. Teachers will be ranked on a scale of 1-5, with only those achieving a 4 or 5 for two years in a row eligible to receive tenure after five years. Standards and Objectives Motivating students Presenting instructional content Lesson structure and pacing Activities and materials Questioning Academic feedback Grouping students Teacher content knowledge Techer knowledge of students Thinking Problem solving Expectations Managing student behavior Environment Respectful culture Instructional plans Student work Assessment
CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT • Thursday, July 28, 2011 Page 11
Tips for packing healthful school lunches (StatePoint) The rush of getting the kids out the door in the morning can make packing a healthful lunch seem like an impossible burden. The typical parent will pack around 200 school lunches yearly, and planning them all requires some serious nutritional skills. Not only do parents need to know how to choose healthful fare, but they need to know how to pick foods their kids will actually eat. “When you plan your child’s lunches, be sure to choose items that are both healthful and fun,” says Edmond Sanctis, co-founder of Sahale Snacks, a producer of all-natural nuts and nut blends. “You want to select foods that are colorful and appealing and that provide energy and nutrients to get them through the day.” •Get creative with protein. Nuts and beans provide more fiber and less saturated fat than traditional proteins, like meat, cheese, and eggs. Try making a bean dip from chickpeas or pinto beans and pairing it with crunchy vegetables, like carrots,
celery, bell peppers, or wholewheat pita triangles. Or add texture and sweetness to low-fat yogurt with a handful of nuts or granola. •Pack edible ABCs. Fresh fruits and nuts are a fun way for kids to get much-needed vitamins, from A to zinc. For example, oranges pack a wallop of vitamin C, blueberries are full of antioxidants, and almonds are rich in vitamin E, calcium, magnesium and iron. •Portion control matters. Little bel-
lies require smaller portions. While kids love opening crinkly bags of chips, the serving size may be too large and unhealthful. Instead, look for small portion packs, like .75-ounce bags of healthful nut blends, such as Sahale Snacks Cashews with Pomegranate or Almonds with Cranberries. Choose packaged foods made with natural sweeteners and flavors, like vanilla, honey and sea salt, instead of artificial flavors or high fructose corn syrup. •Drinks are as
important as foods. Once you’ve gone to all that trouble to choose nutritious foods, don’t ruin your efforts by tossing soda into your child’s lunchbox. Opt for unflavored low-fat milk, water or 100 percent fruit juice. Many juice products only have small amounts of real fruit juice, so read labels carefully. •Make veggies special. Add extra flavor and crunch to salads with apple slices, nuts and dried cranberries. Or mix in prepackaged nut blends or seasoned nuts. For young children, consider blends combining tree nuts with dried fruit, like pomegranate. Older kids might like salads topped with more flavorful choices, such as Sahale Snacks Barbecued Almonds with Mild Chipotle and Ranch. For more healthful, kid-friendly food ideas, visit www.sahalesnacks.com. “While you needn’t be a seasoned chef to pack great school lunches, it helps to know a few tricks of the lunchbox trade to get your kids eating more healthfully,” says Sanctis.
Page 12 CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT • Thursday, July 28, 2011
Chester County School System Employees Jacks Creek Elementary Faculty and Staff Principal: Amy Wooley Kindergarten: Rachel Morris Tangie Sweatman First Grade Michelle Reddin Susan Willis Second Grade: Vickie Brower Nancy Davidson Third Grade: Mitch Irwin Amber Murley Other Faculty: Debbie Hames Dave Kyles Melinda Carroll Ally Rogers Secretaries: Karen Shumate Terri Edgin Cooks: Carol G. Hopper Judy Eskew Rena Paulette Sells Janitor: Willie Trotter
West Chester Elementary Faculty and Staff Principal: Amy Eaton Kindergarten: Misty Hall Beth Haskins Megan Hunt Mary Beth Miller
First Grade: Heather Bates Emily Brown Susan Brown Second Grade: Kelly Crowe Lisa Hardy Jean Smith Janice Whitman Third Grade: Denise Davidson Marti McDaniel Heather Melton Catherine Whitehead Other Faculty: Dave Kyles Brandi Welch Becky Rowsey Reneé Thomas Bo Bates Annette Fitzgerald Mike Goff Secretaries: Janice Guinn Kaye Middleton Teacher Assistants: Amy Frye Starla Bogard Shana Hess Cooks: Cheryl Moore Tami Schmitt Lisa Plunk Lori Smith Janitors: Darlene Hester Deven Hearn
East Chester Elementary Faculty and Staff Principal: Kim Scott Spring McCutchen* * Assistant Kindergarten: Melissa Allen Michelle Hopkins Brandy Johnson
Erica Parten Jennifer Smith Leanne Black Sarah Nichols First Grade: Nancy Burns Leslie Hunt Malorie Pusser Beverly Rogers Wendy Siler Amy Tims Second Grade: Sherri Henson Kim Poston Carrie Sells Dee Arnold Pam Wood Third Grade: Dee Arnold Jill Egros Rosemary McKnight Kim Murphy Susan Patterson Stacey Pruett Other Faculty: Dave Kyles Janice Brown Chad Hanna Brandi Welch Melinda Carroll Carolyn Showers Belinda Anderson Sandra Lewis Norma Morrison Gloria Savage Secretaries: Shelia Frank Allison Barnes Teacher Assistants: Missy Geary Loretta Howell Nancy Morris Emily Donaldson Janice White Angel Kelley René Webb Sandra Cravens Linda Emerson Montague McNeal Vanessa Taylor Denise Stringfellow Lori Ulmer Tina Graves Doris Pickett
Belinda Tole Mary Hesselrode Carol Oliver Cooks: Tonya Morris Lovie Ross Diane Burkeens Tammy Jones Tina Gilbert Janitors: Brenda Pickett Dana Meeks Terry Moody
Chester County Middle School Faculty and Staff Principal: Cristy Swope Janice Cooper * *Assistant Fourth Grade: Beverly Bailey Karen Callis Joyce Fenimore Diane Holdren Debbie Kirk Melanie Rhodes Lesa Snider Misty Thomas Crystal Wilson Fifth Grade: Stefanie Hueter Keisha Cherry Cassie Cupples Christy Foster Melissa Kinard Teisha Nichols Amy Peterson Marilyn Stout Kayla Taylor Sixth Grade: Melissa Alexander Whitney Bennett Colette Carrabba Delona Cole Tony Drieling Kindra Frix Tanya Harwell
Kimberly Mitchell Christina Varvel Other Faculty: Dave Kyles Clay Canada Danny Jones Todd Lewis Kelley Hickman Nancy Connor Leisha Johnson Brooke Welch Christine Carroll Tom Hay Secretaries: Geneva Hill Joy Oliver Shirley Hooper Teacher Assistants: Jodi Carson Leah Hopper Shay Griswell Leah Lemons Crystal Matthews Tanya Morris Melody Young Ann Anderson Deneé Brown Carol Hooper Rhonda Matthews Cooks: Dawn Clayton Stephanie Lollar Gladys Griggs Wilma Kitchen Shelia Williams Karen Purvis Bernice Mosley Janitors: James Smith Kim Robbins Laura Gauger Vinnie Reeves
Chester County Junior High Faculty and Staff Principal: Britt Eads Tony Ivery *
* Assistant Faculty: Frank Bell Olivia Bradford James Bright Debbie Jones Reneé Croom Joshua Caraway Carrie Daniel Sandra Goodwin Stephanie Hatch Diane Ivery April Johnson Tommie Kirk Chris Melton Kim Moore Wes Murphy Stephen Sells Jennifer Showers Shay Wade Shelia Watkins Lisa Whaley Clay Canada Mary Jo Peterson Melissa Hooker Becky Rowsey Ally Rogers Heather Griffin Bo Bates Michael Miller Rodney Fagan Leisha Johnson Secretaries: Jan Knolton Heather Jenkins Teacher Assistants: Deonna Bennett Vickie Garland Lisa Warren Karol Jones Tanya Oliver Elaine Platt Vicki Isaacs Kathy Bullock Lisa Browder Mike Doyle Glorina Holiday Cooks: Tammy Bailey Christy Carnell Ester Newton Valorie Griggs Midge Peddy Lisa Hopper
CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT â€˘ Thursday, July 28, 2011 Page 13 Janitors: Marilyn Amos Teresa Willis Brad West Teresa Conner
Chester County High School Faculty and Staff Principal: Troy Kilzer Jeff Cupples * Clay Murley * * Assistant Faculty: Wendy Bennett Hunter Callis Joan Chamberlain Ryan Coleraine Amy Deleon Kathleen Cooper Harvette Croom Teresa Crouse Michael Hodum
Derrick Pritchard Darlene Goff Angelia Haltom Jeff Haltom John Harris Amy Howell Celia Hunt Jill Irwin Chastity Jones Richard Karnes Darian Leath Jeffrey Lewis Brianne Matheney Wes McPeake Ginger McPherson Candace Mieryteran Christy Miskelly Ricky Mitchell Doyle Murphy Brandon Pipkin Lee Pipkin Molly Plyler Christie Pugh Clint Rider Harvey Rimmer Nina Roberts Rodney Fagan Steve Robinson Judy Rogers
Mike Showers Leigh A. Skaggs Diane Stewart Randall Todd Carol Sims Norma Tulley Beth Whitman Claire Wilder David Willis Secretaries: Kathy Emerson Sharon Rowland Farris Stout Nancy Thomas Teacher Assistants: Linda Coady Susan Lowrance Raymond Clay Shirley Reddinger Susan Humphry Michelle Moore Frank Fracchia Heather Simmons Jessica Muse Anthony Harrison Cindy Hamilton Frank Holiday Donna Lussier Jennifer Cathey
Page 14 CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT • Thursday, July 28, 2011
Ready or not, here school comes! Favorite Teachers included the following: Chester County youngsters Beverly Rogers, Tangie are anticipating the first day of school in varying degrees, from Megan Arnold, 9 eagerness awaiting the first Fourth grade spelling test to nausea at the Clayton Austin, 4 thought of math lessons. Kindergarten Students appear to have accepted Glendon Austin, 9 the fact of the swiftly approachFourth grade ing date, and, in many cases, Kevin Chapman, 11 have actually done so with only a Sixth grade limited amount of chagrin, citing an affection for renewing the Aleah Corinn Frees Sophomore alliance of time-honored compaHayden Franks, 5 triates, or simply put, they are First grade looking forward to seeing their Destiny Hammond, 6 friends. First grade Lanie Street, 10 Is there anything you are Fifth grade looking forward to about
By Holly Roeder Staff Writer
school starting? Glendon: Having fun. Aleah Corinn: Drama class and seeing friends again. Hayden: This is my off day of school and we’re going on vacation. I’m going to be in first grade and I will be six that day. Mom is getting me some vacation clothes and back-toschool clothes. Destiny: Homework. Madalyn: Switching classes, seeing friends, meeting teachers. Sydnie: PE. Pearce: Nope. *Seven mentioned friends as a bonus to returning to school.
Lisa Hays Janet Robinson Cooks: Susan McClain Leslie Holland Linda Granger Linda Thompson Imogene Naylor Krystale Ross Cindy Hughes Angela Saccapilltio Michelle Brewer Janitors: Yvonne Cross Demetrius Lockett Todd Davis Teresa Conner
Sweatman, Whitney Bennett, Colette Carrabba, Janice
Whitman, Kristen Moorehead, Olivia Bradford, Kathy
Shelby Wilson, 8 Third grade Sydney Wilson, 10 Fifth grade Madalyn Quarles, 12 Seventh grade Morgan Quarles, 7 Second grade Sydnie Quarles, 8 Third grade Pierce Walker, 7 Second grade
Photo Not Available
What are students not looking forward to? In a word: Homework
County Wide Faculty and Staff Linda Patterson Ken West Mike Tignor Bobby Helton Jason Judd Tom Hay David Kyles Clay Canada Sarah Hibbett Mary Allison Katras Lacie Naylor
Melinda Parker Marcus Wilbanks Regina Karnes Marilyn Davis Mary Lowe Heather Parson Jill Faulkner Randle Fenimore Fred Brown Dustin Carroll Don Bryant Randy Climer Ann Lowe Marilyn Murphy Sarah McEarl Patsy Doyle Mary Beshires Katrina Cook
Whitehead, Kim Poston, Beth Haskins, Ms. Bailey, Lisa Snider
What do you think makes Chester County schools so great?
Megan: The teachers. Glendon: Because of all the teachers. Kevin: friends. Aleah Corinn: I like that you get to grow up with the same people and graduate with the people you went to kindergarten with. Chester County is not too big and not too small. Everybody stays here. Hayden: The playtime Destiny: Football. Lanie: All the teachers are very nice. Shelby: The programs because they are all different. Sydney: Lots of good nice teachers and it’s the perfect place to learn. Madalyn: Dedication and long hours of the teachers. Morgan: Good kids. Sydnie: The wonderful In which subject do you principal. Pearce: They have really expect to excell? Popular answers included science, math, good teachers and they Social Studies, English, spelling, reading teach really good things.
and computers. Hayden answered confidently, “I’m very good at playtime.”
Shirley Wilson Amy Eads Dock Ivy Jennifer Meek Connie Beecham Kari Perry Kim Barnes Janice Plunk Sherry Connor Melissa Murley Maintenance: Stephen Bortnick Ray Azevedo Clarence Pusser Merle Johnson James Carson Tommy Moffitt
Perry Frye Transportation: Bus Maintenance: Jerry Morris Jeff Reinman Robert Mathis Bus Drivers: Bricie Hornbeak Laura Gauger Jeff Reinman Audria Reeves Marylin Webb Robert Mathis Ricky Johnson Kenneth Davis Jimmy Howard
Photos by Holly Roeder, Independent
Stella Garland Todd Davis Elaine Platt Angie Knipper Mike Doyle Billy Trice Jessica Muse Lisa Warren Travis Kirk Rose Buchanan Mary Rimmer Karen Purvis Angela Burton Lane Mosley Janie Knight Wilma Williams Jeffrey Keith Davis Paulette Inman
CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT • Thursday, July 28, 2011 Page 15
Chester County Middle School 2011-2012 Supply List Fourth grade • One one-inch three-ring binder with pockets on the inside of the front and back covers (No Trapper Keepers please) • Two packages of wide-ruled loose-leaf notebook paper • One wide-ruled spiral notebook, 70 pages • Pencils (please do not send mechanical pencils) • One box of crayons (box of 24) • Scissors • One bottle of glue (four oz.) • One or two dry erase markers • One box of tissue NOTE: NO ROLLING BACKPACKS, PLEASE! Also, the students will receive a more detailed supply list with additional materials from their homeroom teachers on the first day of school. Fifth grade • Pencils – (wooden or mechanical with plenty of lead) • Extra erasers • Red pens for grading • White loose-leaf paper • Three-ring binder (1½”) or Trapper-Keeper • Colored pencils or 24 pack crayons • Thin markers • Scissors (Fiskars are the best: not the small size) • Glue sticks • Multi-colored highlighters • One pack of multi-colored construction paper • Clear tape • Journal for writing • Plaster pocket folder with brads • Subject dividers for binder • Pencil Pocket for binder Note: No rolling backpacks please! Also, the students will receive a more detailed supply list with additional materials from their homeroom teachers on the first day of school.
Chester County Junior High 2011-2012 Supply List General Supply List • Notebook paper (wide) • Pencils for math • Pens • Highlighters • Expo markers • TI – 30XIIS Calculator • Assignment Planner
West Chester Elementary School 2011-2012 Supply List (May vary by teacher) Special note: Please do not purchase rolling backpacks or Trapper Keepers. They do not fit in the lockers or desks and space is limited in the classroom. Thank you for your cooperation. Kindergarten • Four boxes of 24 Crayola crayons • One pair of blunt Fiskar scissors • One package of SKINNY pencils • Thirty glue sticks • Two – four-oz. bottles of Elmer’s white glue • One package of WASHABLE markers • One small plastic school box • One backpack • One nap mat • One package of low odor dry erase markers • Change of clothes (to leave in backpack) First Grade • One box of Crayola crayons • One package of Papermate skinny No. 2 pencils • One pair of Fiskar scissors • One four-oz. bottle of Elmer’s glue • One spiral notebook – wide-ruled, 70 sheets • Two dry erase markers • Two – eight-lined handwriting tablets (School bookstore has these for $1 each) • One backpack (no wheels) * Please write your child’s name on supplies! * *Optional supplies that we use in our classroom: hand sanitizer, tissues baby wipes, and Lysol wipes, Ziploc bags (quart and gallon size) Second Grade • Two boxes of 24 crayons • One pair blunt Fiskars scissors • Six glue sticks (the kind with the twist bottom) • One bottle Elmer’s glue • Erasers that fit on top of pencils • Two dry-erase markers and the eraser • Two packs of highlighter A list of what paper products you need will be given to you from your child’s teacher on the first day of school Third Grade • Two-three packages wide-ruled notebook paper • One package skinny, pre-sharpened wooden pencils (no mechanical pencils) • Two glue sticks • One pair scissors • Two yellow highlighters • One package multi-colored dry erase markers • One box 24-count Crayola crayons • One box eight-count Crayola markers • Please check with your teacher for additional supplies • Rulers will be provided
Page 16 CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT • Thursday, July 28, 2011
East Chester Elementary School 2011-2012 Supply List Kindergarten • Six boxes of 24 crayons • One pair of blunt Fiskars scissors • One package of yellow No. 2 skinny pencils • 20 glue sticks (the kind with the twist bottom) • One package washable markers • One small plastic school box • One zipper pouch (please send the kind with the metal zipper, not the plastic zipper) • One big towel • One backpack • One change of clothes to be kept at school (please put in a Ziploc bag labeled with name) • One pack of pink rubber erasers • One first grade tablet • Optional but helpful supplies: baby wipes, hand sanitizer, and all sizes of Ziploc bags First grade • One box of 24 crayons • One pair of blunt scissors (Fiskars brand preferred) • Twelve pencils (skinny) • Two glue sticks (the kind with the twist bottom) • One four-oz. bottle white glue • Two eight-line tablets • One spiral notebook (wide-ruled) • Colored pencils • Two dry-erase markers Second grade • Two boxes of 24 crayons • One box colored pencils • One pair blunt Fiskars scissors • One box wood pencils • Four glue sticks (the kind with the twist bottom) • One bottle liquid glue • Four eight-line tablets • One spiral notebook • Three dry-erase markers • Two-three highlighters • Please no rolling backpacks, Trapper Keepers, pencil boxes, or spiral notebooks Third grade • One box of 24 crayons • One pair sharp scissors • Two glue sticks • One package of dry-erase markers • Two packs of wide-ruled notebook paper (about 200 sheets per pack) • Two spiral notebooks (wide-ruled) • Two packs of No. 2 pencils (yellow) • One highlighter • Small plastic pencil box – to be determined by teacher • Notebook to be purchased from classroom teacher • No rolling backpacks or Trapper Keepers please
Jacks Creek Elementary School 2011-2012 Supply List Kindergarten • Four boxes of 24 Crayola crayons • One pair of blunt Fiskars scissors • One package of skinny pencils • Thirty glue sticks • Two four-oz. bottles of Elmer’s white glue • One package of washable markers • One package of low odor dry erase markers • One small plastic school box • One nap mat • One backpack • Change of clothes (to leave at school) • Optional but VERY helpful: Tissue, hand sanitizer, gallon and quart size Ziploc bags, baby wipes, disinfectant wipes, Lysol spray, coffee filters, lunch bags, paper plates First grade • Two boxes of 24 crayons • One pair of scissors (Fiskars) • Two packages skinny pencils (Only yellow, wooden No 2 pencils) • One package cap erasers • Two highlighters • Four glue sticks • One supply box (6” x 9”) • One spiral notebook • Two eight-lined handwriting tablets (can be purchased in school bookstore) • No pencil sharpeners • No Trapper Keepers • No markers or colored pencils • No backpacks with rollers • Optional supplies: sanitizing wipes, baby wipes, tissues, small brown paper bags Second grade • One eight-lined handwriting tablet (can be purchased in school bookstore) • One clipboard (without storage compartments) • Two boxes of 24 crayons • One package cap erasers • One pair of blunt Fiskars scissors • One package of No. 2 skinny pencils • Two skinny dry erase markers • One small school supply box • One book bag (with no rollers) • One personal pencil sharpener • You may purchase the eight-line tablets here at Jacks Creek Elementary School. Cost is $1 per tablet • No Trapper Keepers or big notebooks • No markers or colored pencils • Optional supplies (but very much needed for the classroom): baby wipes, tissues (large boxes), large and small Ziploc bags Third grade • Several skinny No. 2 pencils • Four glue sticks • One pair of Fiskars scissors • One yellow highlighter • One box of 24 crayons • One plastic pencil box • Two pocket folders with prongs • One backpack • Pencil pouch to keep in desk • Two dry erase markers • NO Trapper Keepers or backpacks with wheels
CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT • Thursday, July 28, 2011 Page 17
Chester County Schools Non-Discrimination Policy
escuela por discusión y resolución. Si no se resuelva el asunto en este nivel, envíe una queja escrita a: Ken West, P.O. Box 327, Henderson, TN 38340, 731-989-5134.
It is the policy of the Chester County Board of Education that no public school student shall be excluded from participation in, denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination in any program or activity on account of the student’s race, color, national origin, sex, religion, English language proficiency, or handicapping condition. If you feel you have been discriminated against in one of the department’s educational programs or activities, you are encouraged to bring the matter to the attention of your local principal for discussion and resolution. If the matter cannot be resolved at this level, you are encouraged to file a written complaint with: Ken West, P.O. Box 327, Henderson, TN 38340, or call him at 731-9895134.
No se permite persecución de ningún tipo. Por qualquier incidente de persecución, informe Ud. al professor/a la profesora, al director/a la directora, o al director de relaciones de estudiantes y empleados y coordinador de Título VI/Título IX: Ken West, P.O. Box 327, Henderson, TN 38340, 731-989-5134.
Chester County Schools Harassment/Sexual Harassment/Hazing Policy Harassment of any type will not be tolerated. Students should report any incident of harassment to the teacher, principal, or Director of Student and Employee Relations, and Title IV/IX Coordinator: Ken West, Chester County Board of Education, P.O. Box 327, Henderson, TN 38340, 731-989-5134.
Política de Indiscriminación Es la política de la junta de educación de Chester County que ningún estudiante de las escuelas púbicas se excluye de participación en, se denega los beneficios de, o se sujeta a discriminación en ningún programa o ninguna actividad a causa de la raza, el color, la origen nacional, el sexo, la religión, el aprovechamiento en el uso del idioma inglés, o la condición de inhabilidad. Si Ud. piense que ha sido victim de discriminación en alguno de los programas o alguna de las activadades del sistema de escuelas, contacte el director/la directora de la
CHILD FIND The Chester County School System is conducting a “Child Find” to identify children from ages three through 21 who have special education needs. The Individuals with Disabilities Act of 2004 (IDEA) and the State of Tennessee require that “Child Find” be conducted. Students identified through the “Child Find” will receive an evaluation of their needs, and those who are eligible will receive special services based on those needs. Special services may include speech/language therapy, help for vision, hearing impaired or deaf children, or help for children with learning disabilities or children who are gifted. Anyone who knows of a child who may need special services is asked to call the Special Education Department at 989-5134 or contact the principal of a school in the area.
ENCUENTRO DE NIÑOS El sistema de escuelas de Chester County conduce un «Encuentro de Niños» para identificar a niños de las edades 3 hasta 21 años quienes tienen necesidades de educación especial. La Ley de Educación para Personas Discapacitadas de 2004 y el estado de Tennessee requieren que se conduce un «Encuentro de Niños.» Los estudiantes identificados por el «Encuentro de Niños» recibirán una evaluación de estas necesidades y servicios especiales fundados en estas necesidades. Servicios especiales pueden incluir terapía para oración y lenguaje, ayuda por los niños con empeoramientos de vista o oído, y ayuda por los niños con discapacitades de aprender o niños quienes son talentosos. Cualquiera persona que conoce a un niño quién puede necesitar servicios especiales debe llamar el Departamiento de Educación (989-5134) o ponerse en contacto con el director de alguna escuela de Chester County.
Chester County Schools Non-discrimination and Equal Employment Opportunity It is the policy of the Chester County Board of Education not to discriminate on the basis of sex, race, national origin, creed, religion, age, marital status, or disability in its educational programs, activities, or employment practices. For more information about student, parent, or employment rights contact: Ken West - Director of Student and Employee Relations, Title IV and Title IX; Jill Faulkner-Section 504 Coordinator at phone 989-5134; or mail to Chester County Board of Education, P.O. Box 327, Henderson, TN 38340. Complaints should be given verbally or in writing to any of the following: 1) School Principal 2) Ken West 3) Cherrie Pipkin, Director of Schools
Page 18 CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT â€˘ Thursday, July 28, 2011
Instructions to teachers Dakota Territory September 1872 1. Teachers will fill lamps, clean chimneys and trim wicks each day. 2. Each teacher will bring a scuttle of coal and a bucket of water for the day to use. 3. Make your pens carefully. You may whittle nibs for the individual tastes of children. 4. Men teachers may take one evening each week for courting purposes or two evenings a week if they go to church regularly. 5. After ten hours in school, the teacher should spend the remaining time reading the Bible or other good books. 6. Women teachers who marry or engage in other unseemly conduct will be dismissed. 7. Every teacher should lay aside from his pay a goodly sum for his declining years to that he will not become a burden to society. 8. Any teacher who smokes, uses liquor in any form, frequents a pool or public hall, or gets shaved in a barber shop will give good reason for suspecting his worth, intentions, integrity and honesty. 9. The teacher who performs his labors faithfully and without fault for five years will be given an increase of 25 cents a week in his pay providing the Board of Education approves. (Keystone Museum, Keystone, S.D.)
Freed-Hardeman University 2011-2012 Academic Calendar Aug. 20-27 Aug. 22 Aug. 24 Aug. 25 Sept. 5 TBA Oct. 10 Oct. 11-14 Nov. 11 Nov. 12 Nov. 18-26 Dec. 2 Dec. 2 Dec. 12-15 Dec. 16 Jan. 3-13 Jan. 16 Jan. 17 Jan. 18 Feb. 5-10 Feb. 20 March 5-9 Mar. 17-24 Apr. 13 Apr. 13-14 May 7-11 May 12
INTERFACE, New students Residence halls open Advising and registration for new students Tolling of the Bell, 10:30 a.m. Undergraduate Classes begin Labor Day Holiday (no classes) R.U.S.H. 2011 Maroon and Gold Day Mid-term Week Maroon and Gold Day Homecoming Weekend Thanksgiving Holiday (no classes) Maroon and Gold Day 47th Annual Advisory Board Benefit Dinner Final Exam Week Commencement, 6 p.m., Loyd Auditorium January Short Courses Martin Luther King Holiday (no classes) Advising and registration for new, returning and continuing students Undergraduate classes begin Annual Bible Lectureship Maroon and Gold Day Mid-term Week Spring Vacation (no classes) Maroon and Gold Day Spring Weekend/Makinâ€™Music Undergraduate Final Exam Week Commencement, 10 a.m., Loyd Auditorium
CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT • Thursday, July 28, 2011 Page 19
State’s Sales Tax Holiday scheduled for Aug. 5-7 Tennessee’s annual Sales Tax Holiday is scheduled for 12:01 a.m. Friday Aug. 5 through 11:59 p.m. Sunday Aug. 7. Examples of apparel items which are exempt from sales tax include: Belts, caps, coats, dresses, gloves, and hats. However, items subject to sales tax include clothing accessories such as belt buckles (sold separately), briefcases, cosmetics, hair notions, handbags, jewelry, patches and emblems (sold separately), sewing equipment and supplies, sewing materials, sunglasses, umbrellas, wallets, watches, protective equipment such as breathing masks, face shields, hard hats, hearing protectors, helmets, paint or dust respirators, protective gloves and welder’s gloves, safety glasses and goggles, and tool belts; sports or recreational equipment such as ballet or tap shoes, cleated or spiked athletic shoes, gloves (baseball, boxing, golf), goggles, hand and elbow guards, life preservers and vests, mouth guards, roller and ice skates, shin guards, shoulder pads, ski boots, and wet suits and fins.
Clothing items ($100 or less) tax free include: h o s i e r y, jackets,
jeans, neckties, p a n t s , scarves, school uniforms, shirts, shoes, socks, sneakers, and underwear. School and art supplies ($100 or less) taxfree items includes: school art supplies such as binders, book bags/backpacks, calculators, chalk, crayons,
erasers, folders, glue, lunch boxes, notebooks, paper, pens, pencils, rulers, scissors, tape, clay and glazes, paints, paintbrushes, sketch and drawing pads, and watercolors. Items subject to sales tax include s c h o o l computer supplies like compact disks, computer printers, computer storage
media, diskettes, handheld electronic schedulers, personal digital assistants, and printer supplies including paper and ink.
Textbooks and workbooks are always exempt from sales tax. Computers ($1,500 or less) tax-free items include: • Computers with a purchase price of $1,500 or less, not for use in a trade or business, are exempt from sales tax. • A computer is a central processing unit (CPU) that includes a monitor, keyboard, mouse, speakers, cables to connect components, and preloaded software. Items subject to sales tax include computer parts: monitors, keyboards, speakers, and scanners when not sold in conjunction with a CPU, as well as individually purchased software, or other software not part of a preloaded software package on the initial purchase of a computer, storage media: such as diskettes and compact disks, handheld electronic schedulers, personal digital assistants (PDAs) and video game consoles, computer printers, and printer supplies including paper and ink. For information, go to www.tntaxholiday.com, or call 800-342-1003.
Page 20 CHESTER COUNTY INDEPENDENT • Thursday, July 28, 2011
Published on Jul 27, 2011