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67 this chapter), perhaps due to its communal nature that creates a ‘pool’ of potency, is the central ritual in San supernaturalism.

The San trance dance

Plate 4. A 1950s Kalahari Ju/’hoan dance (© Marshall photograph - RARI archives)

The trance dance is a key San ritual (Guenther 1999: 181) in which medicine specialists are able to activate and manipulate supernatural potency (Barnard 1979: 72). Marshall (1969: 349; also Lewis-Williams 1976: 40) noted that, “The central ritual event in traditional Ju/’hoan life is the…trance dance.” In

Continuity and change in San belief and ritual  

A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Arts, University of the Witwatersrand,Johannesburg, for the degree of Master of Arts. 2002, by Siyakha...