Page 18

7 Frobenius (1929, 1931) considered trees, along with formlings, to be a defining “stylistic” feature of “northern pictures” (Zimbabwe) as opposed to “southern pictures” (South Africa, Lesotho). He compared these rock art regions thus, [O]ne very remarkable characteristic of these [Zimbabwe] styles: the artists knew how to use subjects from the vegetable kingdom. This is one of the features that completely separate them from the other African and European examples. In European [P]alaeolithic art, the plant is as good as non-existent (Frobenius 1929: 335).

Fig. 1. Trees or mushrooms atop a formling with crenellations and associated with oval flecks (redrawn from Garlake 1995)

Continuity and change in San belief and ritual  

A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Arts, University of the Witwatersrand,Johannesburg, for the degree of Master of Arts. 2002, by Siyakha...