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? From the Green Buildings via the Green Urbanism to the Green World Aleksander Asafov CAU Research Group Moscow 2012


[p1] from the green buildings to the green environment [p2] extensive mentality is the point of departure for problems [p3] equity means great future for everyone [p4] compact city as core principle [p5] three basic types of land-use [p6] how the urban core should be developed? [p7] compact city sustainable benefits

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we have low efficient urban environment


1 % of sustainable buildings will be a good result


100 % of green buildings - looks like a green city. Doesn’t it?


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93 % of the Moscow air pollution is the cars emissions

Source: GUP NIPI Genplana


Source: GUP NIPI Genplana

pollutions in the Moscow region follow the human activity


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Source: UNDP, UNDP, Human development report, report, 2011

highly developed societies decrease air pollution


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Moscow Source: UNDP, UNDP, Human development report, report, 2011

highly developed societies decrease air pollution


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Source: CAU Research

we need to initiate sustainable transportation


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Source: CAU Research

two imperatives of the extensive mentality land-use


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Source: CAU Research

1st level of problems


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Source: CAU Research

2nd level of problems. What about segregation, public spaces and aggressive city?


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the United Nations report on human development in 2011 entitled “Sustainability and equity: a better future for all�. The report concludes that sustainable development and commonwealth require an equity as well as green technology with a long-term prospect. Source: UNDP, UNDP, Human development report, report, 2011


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Source: CAU Research

2nd level of problems. What about resource inefficiency?


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The Moscow Region citizens waste 5 billion man-hours on transport every year not creating anything and producing a huge ecological footprint. Source: CAU Research


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Source: CAU Research

extensive mentality is a cause for finding new greenfields


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Source: CAU Research

all problems on all levels will move to the new city


Source: CAU Research

view of the new Moscow from Kaluga region


Source: CAU Research

view of the new Moscow from Kaluga region


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Source: Google Map

comparison of buildings density in Moscow: Arbat Street and Vernadskogo Avenue


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Source: CAU Research

in Moscow region apartments could be located at random


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in fact, urban density is not the only best driver of sustainable consumption but one of the best strategies for preserving wild nature as well. Ross Robertson.

Source: Ross Robertson. Robertson. A Brighter Shade of Green. Rebooting Environmental for the 21st Century


Source: Devereux Architects

biomedical campus in Cambridge, UK


Source: Devereux Architects

city block in Perm, Russia


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Source: CAU Research

intensive land-use is the core principle of sustainable development


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Source: CAU Research

on a global scale we need the land for: renewable energy


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Source: CAU Research

on a global scale we need the land for: energy | agriculture


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Source: CAU Research

on a global scale we need the land for: energy | agriculture | oxygen


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according to Ecofys Report the humanity will have to devote 250 million hectares of sowing areas for bioenergy cultures. At the same time very important thing is to keep ground resources for food production.

Source: WWF, Ecofys. Ecofys. The energy report. 100% renewable energy by 2050


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Source: CAU Research

cross-roads location of the core and urban concentration


32 / 46 urban core, energy, food and oxygen on regional scale

Source: CAU Research


33 / 46 urban core, energy, food and oxygen on regional scale

Source: CAU Research


34 / 46 urban core, energy, food and oxygen on regional scale

Source: CAU Research


35 / 46 urban core, energy, food and oxygen on regional scale

Source: CAU Research


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Source: CAU Research

what is the core?


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El Lisitsky

SHIMIZU

Source: CAU Research

three examples of intensive land-use


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Source: CAU Research

module mix-use hyperstructure: apartments, public, industrial and greenspaces


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Source: CAU Research

each level includes 6 storey buildings, various architecture and its own public spaces


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Source: CAU Research

600 meters high module hyperstructure for 60 000 citizens


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Source: CAU Research

location variants: industrial areas of Moscow / 7-10% of the city land /


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Source: CAU Research

location variants : industrial areas of Moscow / 7-10% of the city land /


43 / 46 resources: from waste to raw material transport system: from cars to human environment time management: from traffic jams to creation and rest safety: from segregation to transparency and equity architecture variety: from standard to individual engineering: from archaic to BMS on city scale strategy: from green buildings to green environment Source: CAU Research

sustainable benefits of compact city


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it’s a question of tactics. Civil society does not respond at all well to moralistic scolding. However, contemporary civil society can be led anywhere that looks attractive, glamorous and seductive. The task at hand is therefore basically an act of social engineering. Bruce Sterling Source: Enlighten Next magazine


From the Green Buildings via the Green Urbanism to the Green World  

Presentation of CAU Reseach approach for the Moscow agglomeration development