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TPHE work of the Catholic papers has been most praiseworthy* They have been an effective auxiliary to t h e pulpit in spreading the Faith.—

The Malaya Catholic Leader. By By By By By By

POPE BENEDICT XV.

OFFICIAL

ORGAN

OF

PUBLISHED 20 P a g e s .

N o . 49.

CATHOLIC

reading Malaya's Catholic News telling your friends about us placing a regular order patronising our advertisers sending any suggestions writing for us, if you have something new to say.

ACTION

WEEKLY. 10 c e n t s .

S I N G A P O R E , S A T U R D A Y , 7th D E C E M B E R , 1935.

WATCH TOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY

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SUBVERSIVE°MOVEMENT UNDER CLOAK OF RELIGION WITNESSES OF C O N V I C T E D IN

JEHOVAH CANADA

LOCAL DISCIPLE'S PROTEST COUNTERED. A clews 'item a p p e a r i n g u n d e r t h e above caption in t h e S i n g a p o r e F r e e P r e s s of 3 r d December m a k e s us recall our c o m m e n t s a n e n t a similar subject in o u r i s s u e of 7 t h S e p t e m b e r . We refer o u r r e a d e r s in t h e first instance, to p a g e 11 of o u r issue of 7th September, wherein appears under the heading 'Rutherford T r a c t s ' t h e findings of t h e Quebec C o u r t of Appeal a g a i n s t two of J u d g e R u t h e r f o r d ' s disciples and self—styled W i t n e s s es of J e h o v a h ; a n d secondly to a n article entitled "Soviet Propag a n d a Demoralizes African Village Life" in o u r issue of 16th November. W e were, in fact, t h e first to denounce t h i s p r o p a g a n d a and a s soon a s w e came to k n o w of t h e s e immoral f a n a t i c s circulating unbecoming l i t e r a t u r e calculated to ridicule C h r i s t i a n i t y , a n d s u b v e r t order a n d a u t h o r i t y we p r o m p t l y w a r n e d our r e a d e r s t o t r e a t these p a m p h l e t s w i t h s c a n t respect and consign t h e m to t h e nearest receptacle where one usually directs all g a r b a g e . I t is obvious from a doleful l e t t e r of p r o t e s t we h a d from a local R u t h e r f o r d disciple and W i t n e s s of Jehovah that this 'Watch Tower' propaganda is g e t t i n g apace p a r ticularly a m o n g those w i t h a crude and obtuse mentality. Though we h a v e sent a reply b y post t o this p r o t e s t e r who seems to s u g g e s t t h a t t h e news we h a v e published a b o u t t h e subversive incidents in N o r t h e r n Rhodesia is all unfounded, y e t we feel j u s t i fied t o quote t h e following excerpt from his l e t t e r for t h e benefit of our r e a d e r s : "In t h e article on page 9 (of t h e issue of 16th November) t h e r e are so m a n y ' e r r o r s ' t h a t o n e m u s t be pardoned if one t h i n k s t h a t t h e whole article w a s inspired by t h e f a t h e r of lies himself. U n d o u b t edly t h e article r e f e r s to t h e activities of " J e h o v a h ' s W i t n e s s e s " who a r e m e m b e r s of t h e W a t c h Tower Bible a n d Tract Society. T h a t t h e r e is n o t h i n g " S o v i e t " in

t h e i r activities h a s been proved in courts of all s h a d e s of opinion. They do n o t incite people to rise against governments, urging the people t o live a s f a r a s possible peacably w i t h all men, a n d give t h e i r allegiance solely t o J e h o v a h and His Son, t h e real P o w e r s t h a t Be." T h e a b o v e s t a t e m e n t s a p p e a r , on t h e surface, t o p r e s e n t l a u i s b l e and well-intentioned objects. H a d t h e y t r u l y m e r i t e d t h e i r noble claims, t h e t w o W i t n e s s e s of J e h o vah would h a v e found t h e m s e l v e s in t h e T e m p l e of F a m e ' and not before t h e Quebec Court of Appeal, only t o be a w a r d e d two m o n t h s ' well-earned r e s p i t e behind t h e b a r s and mulcted to t h e t u n e of t h r e e h u n d r e d dollars. F u r t h e r m o r e , t h e s u m m i n g up of Mr. J u s t i c e J . Walsh gives a fair and unbiassed j u d g m e n t in lucid and p e r e m p t o r y t e r m s . This is w h a t t h e learned J u d g e declares: " I find in t h e s e p a m p h l e t s a sapping of all a u t h o r i t y to be replaced only by a n a r c h y and mob rule, unless some despot should p r e s e n t himself F a i r c o m m e n t and criticism of political m e a s u r e s and economic doctrines of religious tenets a r e permissible. As the a u t h o r s declare, censure m u s t be within t h e limits of o r d i n a r y decency. T h e insults offered were gross." The n e w s of t h e u n r e s t caused in t h e villages of N o r t h e r n Rhodesia by t h e " W a t c h Tower Movem e n t " w a s despatched by t h e Fides N e w s Service, a Catholic News A g e n c y w i t h its h e a d q u a r t ers in R o m e . This N e w s Agency does not indulge in 'parish p u m p gossip' a n d is scnyuilouslv careful as to t h e a u t h e n t i c i t y of t h e news it p u r v e y s to i t s n u m e r o u s j o u r nals a n d periodicals t h r o u g h o u t t h e world. Again, it is q u i t e likely t h a t t h e F r e e P r e s s m u s t have received t h e s a m e news, which tallies in all m a j o r points with t h e Fides Version, from a n entirely different source. In t h e face of (Continued

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C A T H O L I C L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 7th D E C E M B E R , 1935.

PRESS GLEANINGS BY AIR MAIL

A NEW PARLIAMENT W h a t e v e r b e t h e o u t c o m e of t h e elections w h i c h h a v e been held t h i s week, t h e r e will b e a g e n e r a l feeling $f relief t h a t t h e n e w P a r l i a m e n t h a s been b r o u g h t i n t o being a t a t i m e w h e n p a r t y s t r i f e h a s been m o s t r e m a r k a b l y a b s e n t . The g e n e r a l elections of p r e - w a r y e a r s w e r e conducted in a n a t m o s p h e r e of b i t t e r n e s s a n d vilification w h i c h a y o u n g e r g e n e r a t i o n can scarcely i m a g i n e . T h e e l e c t o r a t e h a s been i n c r e a s e d e n o r m o u s l y since thafc t i m e , b o t h b y t h e wide extension of t h e f r a n c h i s e a n d b y t h e i n t r o d u c t i o n of votes f o r w o m e n ; a n d n o one c a n deny t h a t t h e s e c h a n g e s S a v e b r o u g h t a g r e a t e r sense of responsibility i n t o democratic polit i c s . I t i s t h e m a s s of fcfce people whcr really d o decide u n d e r m o d e r n conditions w h a t s o r t of P a r l i a m e n t shall conduct t h e i r affairs, a n d t h e election of 1931 showed, a s n e v e r before, h o w a populare l e c t o r a t e can face i t s responsibilities w i t h o u t flinching, even w h e n i t is a s k e d t o i m p o s e severe n e w fcirdens upon itself. T h e l a s t P a r l i a m e n t h a d p e r f o r m e d an i m m e n s e a m o u n t of constructive work, a f t e r h a v i n g r e s t o r e d financial stability a n d re-established confidence. I t s term was very n e a r l y e x h a u s t e d , a n d m face of Hew problems w h i c h m a y be no less a n x i o u s a n d f a r - r e a c h i n g , it w a s most necessary t h a t a new Parliam e n t should b e elected with a m i n i m u m of p a r t y s t r i f e . LESSONS OP T H E ELECTION A n e w e r a h a s t h u s opened, a n d i&e c o u n t r y can only b e t h a n k f u l t h a t t h e c h a n g e h a s been carried ffirough so quickly a n d w i t h so litffe friction. T h e w o r s t f e a t u r e of t h e election h a s b e e n t h e revival

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of organised rowdyism a t public m e e t i n g s , w h i c h had become a s e r i o u s m e n a c e t o free speech in s e v e r a l of t h e elections since t h e w a r . I t s prevalence in t h e p a s t few weeks s u g g e s t s t h a t t h e Comm u n i s t o r g a n i s a t i o n is s t r o n g e r t h a n m a n y people believe, a n d it should be a w a r n i n g to all t h o s e w h o s e political s y m p a t h i e s lead t h e m t o belittle t h e menace of r e volutionary a g i t a t i o n . But ano t h e r lesson of t h i s election h a s been t h a t public m e e t i n g s a r e of m u c h less i m p o r t a n c e t h a n f o r m e r ly, a s a r e s u l t of broadcasting, since t h e m a j o r i t y of electors a r e n o w content t o listen to t h e political addresses delivered over t h e wireless. In t h i s respect t h e Government h a s shown remarkable f a i r n e s s in allocating t h e t i m e for s u c h speeches between t h e differ e n t p a r t i e s , g i v i n g f u r t h e r proof of t h e ability of a constitutional G o v e r n m e n t t o preserve freedom of speech a n d of public criticism w i t h o u t u s i n g i t s monopoly of t h e wireless for its own p r o p a g a n d a . T h e r e is no d o u b t t h a t t h e Governm e n t could h a v e s t r e n g t h e n e d its o w n prospects considerably by a d o p t i n g a different policv, b u t it h a s acted in t h e best t r a d i t i o n s of f a i r play. * * * * PEACE NEGOTIATIONS I n t e r n a t i o n a l questions will cert a i n l y d o m i n a t e t h e new P a r l i a m e n t , a t a n y r a t e for t h e nex* few y e a r s , and w e n o t e with r e a l s a t i s faction t h a t t h e B r i t i s h Governm e n t is c o n t i n u i n g its efforts not only t o p r e v e n t t h e w a r w h i c h h a s been u n d e r t a k e n in defiance of t h e L e a g u e of N a t i o n s Covenant b u t t o p r o m o t e a s e t t l e m e n t Jby negotiation. T h e recent criticisms of t h e Holy See for i t s r e fusal t o i s s u e a n y specific s t a t e m e n t concerning t h e p r e s e n t disp u t e have ceased r e m a r k a b l y . I t is now generally recognised t h a t t h e V a t i c a n h a s unique opportunit i e s , which i t i s utilising t o t h e u t m o s t , for a s s i s t i n g a s e t t l e m e n t . T h o s e w h o w,ere clamouring a few w e e k s ago t h a t t h e Pope o u g h t t o declare i m m e d i a t e l y for t h e enforcement of t h e L e a g u e Covenant a g a i n s t I t a l y m u s t find it deflicult t o j u s t i f y t h e continuance of diplom a t i c relations w i t h I t a l y ; b u t we m a y well a s k w h e t h e r t h e y desire t h a t Sir E r i c D r u m m o n d should be withdrawn from the British Emb a s s y in R o m e , o r wish t h a t t h e s e c h a n n e l s for negotiation should be closed. A n open conflict between R o m e and t h e Vatican would be still less helpful, and Catholics all over t h e world m u s t feel more t h a n ever g r a t e f u l to t h e Holy F a t h e r for t h e ceaseless persistence a n d c h a r i t y w i t h which he is labouring t o r e s t o r e peace. B u t even a cessation of w a r in Africa would only be t h e first advance. D i s a r m a m e n t b y general a g r e e m e n t r e m a i n s one of t h e m o s t urg e n t desires of t h e Holy See, and t h e n e w P a r l i a m e n t in t h i s c o u n t r y will h a v e t o r e s u m e t h a t a r d u o u s effort u n d e r conditions of ffieat difficulty.—(Unwerse, Nov. 1 5 ) . W H A T BRINGS CONVERTS? T h e r e a r e cycles of explanations of w h a t it is t h a t a t t r a c t s m e n to R o m e . How m a n y y e a r s is it since s e n s u o u s n e s s was t h e fashion a b l e explanation, t h e appeal of music, lights, v e s t m e n t s , incense, a n d so o n ? T h e n we had t h e w a r quoted as t h e cause, t h e n imbecility or s o m e t h i n g like it

Men w h o were too weak-minded to t h i n k for themselves w e r e Alleged to welcome t h e C h u r c h which did all t h e i r t h i n k i n g for them. The long period of post-war unc e r t a i n t y , which is still with us, produced t h e a u t h o r i t a r i a n explanation. Rome is so s u r e of h e r self. S h e knows no doubts a n d admits none in h e r children. W h a t a n appeal t h i s is supposed t o rr-ake to t h e w a v e r i n g , u n c e r t a i n m i n d of modern m a n ! Dean Inge interjected t h e racial explanation, according t o which Catholicism is t h e n a t u r a l be i t of t h e " L a t i n " (i.e., lower-grade) mind, b u t a n impossible w a y of life for t h e virile masculine Nordic. H e s e e m s t o be soft-pedalling his Nordic Gospel t h e s e d a y s . Does h e still m a i n t a i n his " L a t i n " explanation of t h e Church's suc-

cess?

HE

AS

9

WATCH

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* # * • * D E A N INSETS SUCCESSOR'S VIEWS Dr. W. R. M a t t h e w s , who succeeded t h e Dean a t St. P a u l ' s , h a s his own explanation of Rome's appeal. I t is not t h a t of his p r e decessor, but it comes very n e a r j t h e t r u t h , a t least on t h e n a t u r a l level. W e p u t in t h i s provisr because, really, t h e only explanation C O N S I S T E N C Y A S I G N OF which will s t a n d u p t o t^st is t h e TRUTH grace of God. F o r our p a r t w e would welcome, Dr. M a t t h e w s said, in a luncheon-hour a d d r e s s a t t h e Memo- not t h e formlessness of Modernirial Hall on Wednesday, Novem- sm w h i c h afflicts all t h e sects, not ber 6, t h a t ""the one C h u r c h of t h e broadmindedness which recogmodern t i m e s which had a coherent nises facets of t h e full t r u t h in but and consistent theology w a s t h e flatly c o n t r a d i c t o r y creeds r a t h e r a whole-hearted a t t e m p t by Roman Catholic C h u r c h . " R e m e m b e r i n g how Dr. M a t t h e w s all t h e C h r i s t i a n bodies t o d r a w up had previously come dov/n ever so a clear a n d binding confession of gently on t h e side of God, w h e n t h e f a i t h t h a t is in t h e m . T h e i n t e r e s t s of c h a r i t y would h e said (we a r e p a r a p h r a s i n g from m e m o r y ) t h a t t h e r e w a s slightly be f o r w a r d e d by t h i s m e a n s qjiite m o r e evidence for t h e h y p o t h e s i s a s m u c h a s zeal for t h e t r u t h , for t h a t t h e r e is a God t h a n *or t h e it is certainly a s easy t o love a man hypothesis t h a t t h e r e is not, w e who differs from you WIVH chapter rubbed o u r eyes in confusion a n d and v e r s e , a s t o love one who difread on. fers f r o m you w i t h o u t e i t h e r of H e f u r t h e r a d m i t t e d t h a t "in so you knowing t h e r e a s o n w h y . Dean M a t t h e w s h a s improved f a r as R o m a n Catholicism m a d e converts a m o n g t h e m o r e intelli- t h e basis of h i s h e a r e r s ' undersdmHting g e n t p a r t s of t h e populati >i, it w a s s t a n d i n g by f r a n k l y not due t o any appeal t o t h e emo- t h a t intelligent people do become tions, b u t to t h e fact t h a t it h a d a Catholics, a n d n o t f o r emotional c o h e r e n t and; consistent body of but for intellectual r e a s o n s , chiefly because of o u r doctrinal consisthought to present." tency a n d coherence. * * * * T h e r i d e r which t h e thoughtful T R U T H MUST COME F I R S T person will p u t on t h a t admission Dean Inge would not h a v e liked is t h a t coherence and consistency t o a d m i t t h a t " t h e m o r e intelliare n o t easy t o m a i n t a i n for long g e n t p a r t s of t h e population" beexcept on a basis of a b s o l u t e t r u t h . come Catholics. H e would be If lunatics a r e logical it is not for m u c h m o r e likely t o say t h a t o u r long; a n d t h e Catholic C h u r c h has converts a r e second-rate men. been coherent a n d c o n s i s t e n t for Dean M a t t h e w s , however, does t h e nearly 2,000 y e a r s , and in spite of whole C h r i s t i a n cause a service by continued a t t a c k s . — (Catholic his l a r g e r m e a s u r e of generosity. Times, Nov. 1 5 ) . F o r assuredly no Christian wort h y of t h e n a m e is interested in WATCH TOWER BIBLE & sectarianism a s such. F e w of TRACT SOCIETY. t h e m would like t o s a y : "My (Continued from page 1) church, r i g h t o r wrone-" All w o r t h y C h r i s t i a n s a d h e r e to t h e i r these circumstances, t h e claim Church because t h e y sincerely be- t h a t t h e W a t c h Tower' workers are a band of peaceful a n d lawlieve t h a t it is r i g h t . abiding people w i t h l e g i t i m a t e reT h a t being so, t h e only t h i n g ligious and social views of t h e i r t h a t m a t t e r s is t o know t h e pro- own, cannot be a d m i t t e d for a moper t e s t s of " r i g h t n e s s " and t o m e n t by a n y t h i n k i n g individual. apply t h e m logically. W e credit Dr. Samuel Johnson h a s aptly reall non-Catholics w i t h so m u c h m a r k e d t h a t p a t r i o t i s m is t h e last sincerity, until t h e c o n t r a r v is refuge of a scoundrel, b u t h e r e lies proved. a worse parallel w h e r e religion h a s We shall advance the cause of been m a d e t h e cloak of unscruput r u t h b y frankly a d m i t t i n g t h a t a lous a n d self- seeking opportunists, m a n ' s intelligence is a m a j o r fac- whose activities, if unchecked in t o r in d e t e r m i n i n g his reMgious time, m a y produce t h e s a m e sad allegiance. His s t a n d a r d s of j u d g - s t a t e of affairs here, a s it h a s done m e n t m a y be erroneous, but h e is in Canada, A u s t r a l i a a n d Africa. honest in applying t h e m . It is a n affront t o e v e r y selfOn t h i s basis we can g e t down respecting Christian t o permit to controversy w i t h a seizors p u r - these self-styled W i t n e s s e s of J e pose, and t h r o u g h c h a r i t a b l e con- hovah a n d m e m b e r s of t h e W a t c h troversy arrive finallv a t u n i t y — Tower Bible and T r a c t Society to which is w h a t we all desire. pass m u s t e r for C h r i s t i a n s .


3

On Wngs from Albion (FROM

OUR

SPECIAL

EXPECTATION. jQECEMBER eighteenth: News h a s come t h r o u g h t o London t h a t on t h a t d a t e t h e Holy F a t h e r will hold a Secret Consistory, a t which a b o u t t w e n t y new Cardinals, if not m o r e a r e t o be made known. W h a t m a k e s t h e news particularly i n t e r e s t i n g to Catholics over here is t h e fact t h a t it is persistently s t a t e d t h a t a m o n g t h e s e newly-proclaimed Princes of t h e Church will be o u r own Archbishop of W e s t m i n s t e r , t h e Most Rev. Dr. Hinsley. N e w s p a p e r r e ports m u s t not be givien too h i g h a value, especially w h e n t h e y a r e based only on r u m o u r , and t h e r u m o u r in t h i s case is given as t h a t a n d n o t h i n g more. B u t all t h e same, if it should t u r n out t h a t Dr. Hinsley is indeed t o receive t h e Red H a t , t h a t honour will be only in accordance with a preced e n t established i n t h e cases of all H i s G r a c e ' s predecessors in office. Nicholas W i s e m a n , H e n r y E d w a r d Manning, H e r b e r t V a u g h a n , F r a n cis B o u r n e — a l l four Archbishops of W e s t m i n s t e r became C a r d i n a l s ; a n d Dr. A r t h u r Hinsley is fifth in t h e line. T h e a t t i t u d e of Catholics, t h e r e fore, is one of hopeful expectation. T h e c i r c u m s t a n c e t h a t Dr. Hinsley h a s not long occupied his h i g h office is in n o w a y a consideration a g a i n s t t h e probable accuracy of t h e r e p o r t . C a r d i n a l Bourne, it is t r u e , w a s not r a i s e d t o t h e Sacred College until a f t e r he h a d been u p w a r d s of e i g h t y e a r s a t W e s t m i n s t e r ; b u t h i s immediate p r e d e cessor, Cardinal V a u g h a n , h a d been A r c h b i s h o p only nine m o n t h s w h e n t h e h o n o u r came to him. If one goes b a c k t o t h e case of Cardinal W i s e m a n , t h e r e is a record w h i c h is h a r d l y a n y w h e r e t o be beaten; for t h a t prelate was translated t o W e s t m i n s t e r on Septemb e r 29, 1850, a t t h e t i m e of t h e r e s t o r a t i o n of t h e English Hierarchy a n d w a s c r e a t e d cardinal on t h e following d a y . R o m e will send t h e faithful in E n g l a n d and Wales a delightf ul C h r i s t m a s card if word comes t h r o u g h , a f t e r t h e Consistory, t h a t Westminster's Archbishop is a m o n g t h e proclaimed. * * * * A LANCASHIRE TRAGEDY. L A N C A S H I R E ' S most popular seaside r e s o r t , Blackpool, is generally a place of pleasure a n d joy, b u t t o - d a y t h e town m o u r n s a t r a g e d y which h a s t a k e n a deeply respected J e s u i t priest, F a t h e r J o h n Achen. Always energetic, and d e l i g h t i n g in long walks, F a t h e r A c h e n t h o u g h t n o t h i n g of j o u r n e y s of t e n , fifteen, or m o r e miles on foot. A few evenings a g o h e set o u t on t h e long walk back t o Blackpool from P r e s t o n , w h e r e

CORRESPONDENT)

h e had been a t t e n d i n g a Catholic conference. While on his w a y he was knocked down and killed by a van. F a t h e r A c h e n w a s in t h e prime of life. H i s tragic d e a t h h a s cast a gloom over t h e town and in m a n y o t h e r places also w h e r e h e was k n o w n for his cheerful labours. H e h a d worked in E n g land, Scotland, a n d on t h e Continent. Road d e a t h s in t h i s c o u n t r y tend t o increase. As t h e s e w o r d s a r e being w r i t t e n , t h e r e is n e w s in t h e evening p a p e r s t h a t a g r e a t n u m b e r of p e r s o n s have been sent into e t e r n i t y , in E n g l a n d a n d Wales, as t h e result of s t r e e t accidents d u r i n g t h e p a s t week. T h e d e a t h s from t h i s cause in t h e last few y e a r s m u s t have included a t least half-a-dozen cases of fatal accidents t o p r i e s t s . THE

SCHOOL-CHAPEL UNIQUE. f H A D W E L L H e a t h , a n essex district l y i n g on London's eastern o u t s k i r t s , h a s j u s t shown t h e w a y in a m a t t e r which it is wonderful, w a s n o t t h o u g h t of before — a simple m a t t e r , yet significant a s a development. "School-chapels" we know, usi n g t h e t e r m in t w o s e n s e s : T h e ancient U n i v e r s i t i e s ; t h e g r e a t public schools, w h e t h e r Catholic or non-Catholic; a n d m a n y p r i v a t e schools for t h e children of t h e wellto-do, h a v e t h e i r own s e p a r a t e school chapels. Magnificent buildings m a n y of t h e s e chapels a r e , as for i n s t a n c e — t o t a k e t w o of our own Catholic schools—Pugin's fine chapel a t St. E d m u n d ' s College, and t h e splendid chapel a t A m p l e f o r t h . B u t w h e n t h e mind t u r n s t o Catholic e l e m e n t a r y schools, the ordinary parochial schools for t h e children of t h e poor and of all and sundry, t h e t e r m "school-chapel" t a k e s on a n o t h e r m e a n i n g . It signifies t h a t t h e r e is no Catholic

C h u r c h , a s yet, a p a r t from t h e school, and t h a t , pending t h e buildi n g of a Church, p a r t of t h e school is used for Mass a n d other services on Sundays and Holidays a n d so becomes, in virtue of t h a t f a c t only, a school chapel. B u t a t Chadwell H e a t h " t h e case is altered." T h e r e a handsome building h a s been erected, dedicated t o St. Bede, which in its archit e c t u r a l character and appointm e n t s is definitely a church. A s such it will be used for t h e time being. B u t some day, when a perm a n e n t parish church is erected, t h i s p r e s e n t fine building will become something t h a t up till now we h a v e got nowhere else—the p e r m a n e n t school chapel of a Catholic elementary school, a school for poor folk's children. * * * * * LIVERPOOL

CATHEDRAL.

T H E building of a g r e a t Catholic Cathedral, which in some way will be a rival even t o St. P e t e r ' s itself, cannot fail to interest Catholics in o t h e r p a r t s of t h e world. T h a t is w h y t h e s e notes will chronicle, from t i m e t o time, the m a t e r i a l p r o g r e s s of t h e m i g h t y u n d e r t a k i n g a t Liverpool. P h o t o g r a p h s a r e t a k e n at frequent i n t e r v a l s — t h e camera was not available when St. P e t e r ' s w a s r i s i n g — s o t h a t , if t h e s e a r e preserved t h e y will form a continuo u s record. I t is a fascinating t h o u g h t , b u t one p e r h a p s never to b e realized, t h a t a succession of, say, weekly p h o t o g r a p h s , t a k e n from t h e s a m e view point, m i g h t eventually m a k e a kind of "movie" in which one would see t h e v a s t building literally t a k i n g shape. T h e l a t e s t picture is a surprisi n g revelation of p r o g r e s s . T h e i m m e n s e organ well, designed by Sir E d w i n L u t y e n s i s shown in t h e c e n t r e of an already fairly lofty m a s s of walls and arches, while beyond a r e g r e a t " c e n t r i n g s " of wood around which will be built t h e l a r g e r a r c h e s of t h a t end of

t h e s t r u c t u r e . W h e r e a s , for a long t i m e , t h e s i t e a t Brownlow Hill showed only f o u n d a t i o n work, a n d p r o g r e s s seemed slow t o t h e eye, t h e r e is now t h e spectacle of a building rapidly r i s i n g . I t is even said t h a t next y e a r M a s s will b e celebrated in t h e c a t h e d r a l crypt. Probably nobody now living wiR see Liverpool C a t h e d r a l finally finished and d e c o r a t e d ; b u t t h a t experience m i g h t n o t be a n impossibility if some w o n d r o u s benefaction came t o h e l p t h e u n d e r t a k i n g , a n d an a r m y of m e n s e t t o work upon t h e t h e t a s k .

A

MEMORIAL TO CARDINAL BOURNE.

G R A T I T U D E for t h e lifework of t h e late C a r d i n a l B o u r n e will produce, it is safe t o s a y , memorials in v a r i o u s f o r m s . One of t h e s e memorials h a s j u s t been unveiled a t H a r p e n d e n , a t o w n , within t h e W e s t m i n s t e r Archdiocese, in which His E m i n e n c e laid t h e first stone for t h e p r e s e n t Catholic Chureh, and opened t h a t building for worship. - In h i s m e m o r y a h a n d s o m e s t a i n e d - g l a s s window h a s been put up, in w h i c h one of t h e l i g h t s shows C a r d i n a l Bourne p r a y i n g before t h e a l t a r in t h e Harpenden Church. Besides b e i n g a g r e a t p r i e s t and a beloved M e t r o p o l i t a n , Cardinal B o u r n e w a s a d i s t i n g u i s h e d public m a n . Will t h e r e b e a public memorial t o h i m , s o m e t h i n g to r e m i n d t h e p a s s e r - b y of h i s personality and his office? London possesses one o u t d o o r s t a t u e of a Cardinal, a full-length figure of Cardinal N e w m a n , facing t h e B r o m p t o n R o a d from t h e precincts of t h e O r a t o r y . Cardinal Vaugh a n , so f a r a s t h i s note-writer is a w a r e , is not publicly commemor a t e d in a n y d i r e c t w a y . Cardinal M a n n i n g is r e m e m b e r e d by a t a b l e t affixed t o t h e wall of t h e old A r c h b i s h o p ' s H o u s e a t West! minster.

..EAU DE COLOGNE STRENGTH • PARIS MADE IN SIZES OF

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Priests and People in Ireland, What the Catholic Church i s and what She teaches. Adventists Doctrines, Archaic Religions, Galileo and his Condemnations, Hacker*? Frauds & Forgeries, The Arch Liar Froude, Man's Great Concern, e t c

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M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , SATURDAY, 7th DECEMBER, 1935.

4

G eneraI Jottings of the M^eek

P R I Z E F O R E S S A Y ON « C H R I S TIANITY A N D THE A R T S /

Pope P i u s spoke his public dis-. approval of modern a r c h i t e c t u r e for Catholic c h u r c h e s . Receiving t h e F r e n c h delegates to the International Architects' Congress, t h e pontiff told t h e m t h e i r a r t should "glorify the c h u r c h . " H e added t h a t " unfortunately" modern architecture does n o t m e e t t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s of religion.

MORE OF T H E REDFERN RUMOUR.

T H E P O P E IS HIS OWN MINISTER.

The American government has r e n e w e d t h e s e a r c h of P a u l R e d fern, t h e American aviator, who disappeared in South America whilst undertaking an endurance flight in 1927. T h e i n f o r m a t i o n w a s supplied b y M r . Melcherts, a t e a c h e r a t t h e Catholic Mission a t D r i e T a b b e t j e s , on t h e T a p a n a h o n i

Many t i m e s I have h e a r d t h i s phrase: " T h e clauses h a d been d r a w n up, b u t His Holiness completely altered t h e t e r m s . " Pius X I studies t h e m i n u t e s t details, and every article is compiled by His Holiness himself. D u r i n g t h e p r e p a r a t i o n of t h e t r e a t y of L a t e r a n , til t h o s e w h o acted a s liason a g e n t s between P i u s X I a n d Mussolini, and a m o n g t h e s e t h e M a r q u i s of Porcelli ( t h e only R o m a n p a s s ing ther efvenings w i t h Mussolini and the mornings with t h e Pope) became only o r d i n a r y m e s s e n g e r s when t h e l a s t decisive s t a g e of t h e negotiations w e r e t a k i n g place. One w o n d e r s how P i u s X I can accomplish t h i s enormous t a s k H e h a s imposed upon Himself. T h i s is t h e question I asked myself o n e d a y when I s a w h i m e n t e r i n g t h e T h r o n e Hall, no sign of f a t i g u e on h i s face, only a s t r o n g expression of seriousness and t e n a c i t y ; an expression w h i c h elicited t h e following r e m a r k from a celebrated w r i t e r who h a d a p r i v a t e audience w i t h P i u s X I : ' I felt a s t i m i d a s a little boy in front of a h e a d m a s ter." All a r o u n d t h e hall t h e crowd w a s kneeling, women holding handfuls of rosaries t o be blessed by t h e venerable old m a n , dressed in |white silk, a d v a n c i n g slowly t h r o u g h t h e i r m i d s t , s u r rounded b y his officers, followed b y a valet c a r r y i n g t h e scarlet hat. P i u s X I w a s f o r g e t t i n g no one, giving his r i n g t o kiss to t h e visitors, gently c a r e s s i n g t h e h e a d s of t h e little children, t h e n clearing his voice h e pronounced a few words in a soft distinct tone. O t h e r visitors were w a i t i n g him in o t h e r rooms, a n d r i g h t a t t h e end, in a v e r y l a r g e hall r e s e r v e d for public audiences, His Holiness w a s received w i t h t h u n d e r i n g a p plause. No lassitude b e n t t h i s indefatigable Pontiff, for w h o m old age h a s preserved locks of h a i r still black, a n d a s t r o n g c o m m a n d ing look behind his spectacles of gold.—Robert de St. J e a n .

SCREAM SWEETENED COM* * 1

9

I SWISS

MltK

J

SLEDGE BRAND.

BEST FOR

INFANTS

River, Dutch Guiana. The teacher is according t o t h e r e p o r t of t h e A m e r i c a n Vice-Consul a t T r i n i d a d , ' a v e r y intelligent y o u n g Creole, w h o s e h o n e s t y a n d g e n e r a l good c h a r a c t e r is v o u c h e d for b y p r i e s t s of t h e local m i s s i o n / H i s i n f o r m a t i o n is derived f r o m t h e account of a n I n d i a n w h o , h a v i n g been s e n t l a s t y e a r t o t h e natives higher up t h e river for S a m p l e s of $ h e i r h a n d i c r a f t , r e t u r n e d w i t h a r e p o r t of a w h i t e m a n w h o h a d c o m e o u t of t h e s k y , h a d b o t h legs b r o k e n , a n d w a s livi n g in a n I n d i a n village only t h r e e h o u r s from w h e r e h e w a s / ' R u m o u r s Confirmed. M r . M e l c h e r t s did n o t p a y m u c h a t t e n t i o n to t h e r e p o r t , until it w a s confirmed b y t h e s t a t e m e n t of a n o t h e r I n d i a n l a s t April. T h i s native, w h o h a d come f r o m t h e locality i n question, said t h a t h e h a d seen R e d f e r n . " H e is c r i p pled, s o t h a t h e could n o t walk, he* h a d come o u t of t h e sky a n d h i s m a c h i n e h a d been wrecked u p o n a s a v a n n a h a n d n o t on a mountain." T h e t w o r e p o r t s , which corrobor a t e a n d give precision t o n u m e r o u s r u m o u r s w h i c h h a v e been in circulation since t h e airman's disappearance, are considered w e i g h t y e n o u g h t o lead t o a n o t h e r search.

PERFECT SNAPSHOTS

MODERN ARCHITECTURE FOR CHURCHES NOT A P P R O V E D BP POPE.

A p r i z e of £3,000 for a n u n p u b lished m a n u s c r i p t showing the r e l a t i o n s b e t w e e n a n y b r a n c h on knowledge and t h e Christian r e ligion is offered by t h e B r o s s f o u n d a t i o n of L a k e F o r e s t , Illinois, U.S.A. T h e competition is in acc o r d a n c e w i t h t h e foundation e s t a b l i s h e d by William B r o s s in 1879 a n d is open t o s c i e n t i s t s , C h r i s t i a n philosophers a n d h i s t o r i a n s of all nations.

G E N U I N E S W I S S MILK

FOR

POLAND' FIRST OCEAN L I N E R H A S A L T A R TO OUR L A D Y . T h e Polish motor-ship Pilsudski, first t r a n s - A t l a n t i c liner t o be cons t r u c t e d by Poland since t h e count r y regained i t s independence, Iras in h e r m a i n hall a n a l t a r dedicated to t h e Blessed Virgin M a r y . R e p r e s e n t a t i v e s of t h e 4,000,000 Poles in t h e United S t a t e s greeted t h e vessel upon i t s arrival h e r e a n d welcomed t h e Most Rev. S t a n i s l a w Okoniewski, Bishop of Kulm, one of t h e p a s s e n g e r s . , (Lumen-N.C.W.C.)

28°

Sch.

Obtainable from

ALL PHOTO DEALERS M A L A B A R M O V E M E N T CONT E N T S ; O N E T H O U S A N D CONVERTS IN ONE MONTH. T r i v a n d r u m , South India.—A t o t a l of 986 persons, including J a cobites, P r o t e s t a n t s and nonChristians, w e r e received i n t o t h e Catholic C h u r c h during J u n e , i t is announced b y M a r Ivanios, A r c h bishop of T r i v a n d r u m , and h i s Suffragan, M a r Theophilos, B i s h o p of Tiruvalla- Several new centres h a v e been opened and c o n v e r t s continue t o b e received in l a r g e numbers. (Lumen-N.C.W.C.) BOY-APOSTLES

MOON T O B E S P L I T , SAYS SIR J A M E S J E A N S . A p p r o a c h i n g A D a n g e r Zone. Sir James Jeans, the great scientist, d u r i n g an a d d r e s s deliv e r e d before a scientific Society s t a t e d h e believed t h a t t h e Moon would soon be a p p r o a c h i n g a dang e r o u s zone, a n d t h a t it would disi n t e g r a t e i n t o t w o o r four p a r t s , s t a t e s a r e p o r t received from London. S i r J a m e s declared t h a t observ a t i o n s h a v e indicated t h a t t h e Moon will eventually be split up until t h e Moon resembles S a t u r n a n d i t s r i n g of satellites.

CONVERT

CHINA'S CURRENCY.

NORTH INDIA VILLAGERS. Tezpur, India.—Two youthful labourers, each of t h e m 15 y e a r s old, have played a prVminent p a r t in b r i n g i n g t h e residents of several villages n e a r here i n t o t h e Church. After completing t h e i r daily work, t h e boys spent t h e i r t i m e i n s t r u c t i n g t h e villagers in t h e catechism a n d p r a y e r s . Recently t h e first Mass w a s celeb r a t e d b y a missionary in a b a m boo chapel built by t h e boys w i t h t h e i r own h a n d s . (Lumen-NCWC) CATHOLIC N A M E D A D M I N I S TRATOR GENERAL OF BOMBAY. Bombay.—Mr. Leo Rodrigues, a p r o m i n e n t Catholic here, h a s been named A d m i n i s t r a t o r G e n e r a l by t h e G o v e r n m e n t of Bombay. Mr. R o d r i g u e s , who h a s been a solicitor for 13 y e a r s , is a t p r e s e n t a professor in Bombay L a w College. As f o r m e r president of t h e Bandra Municipality for four y e a r s , h e h a s h a d experience in public administration. (LumenFides).

T h e new law, which came as a s u r p r i s e to m a n y , nationalizes t h e silver c u r r e n c y of China. Hencef o r t h , b a n k n o t e s of t h e approved b a n k s become legal t e n d e r . The c i r c u m s t a n c e s of t h e i n a u g u r a t i n g of t h e n e w law h i t c h China's curr e n c y t o t h e s t a r of England's sterling. A s a r e s u l t of t h e nationalization of silver, t h e f a r m e r s a r e beg i n n i n g to s a v e coppers. A considerable r i s e in t h e price of copp e r w a s r e g i s t e r e d in t h e last few days. CONFESSION. Confession is no magical means of g e t t i n g rid of s i n ; for, instead of dispensing w i t h r e p e n t a n c e , it is u t t e r l y valueless w i t h o u t it. If t r u e sincere r e p e n t a n c e is lacking on t h e p a r t of t h e p e n i t e n t , the p r i e s t m a y b e deceived, b u t God is n o t mocked, a n d t h e reception of t h e S a c r a m e n t , so f a r from cleansing t h e soul f r o m sin, b u t a d d s to t h o s e a l r e a d y committed t h e heinous sin of sacrilege. The p r i e s t a c t s t h e p a r t of a n intermed i a r y a s r e g a r d s h e a r i n g t h e conf e s s i o n ; b u t , a s f a r a s t h e effects a r e concerned, t h e m a t t e r r e s t s entirely between t h e soul a n d God.

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JOKES OBEDIENT.

Billy

A n d

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(Told B y S I S T E R

Sandwich

BARBARA)

TN

S i s t e r B a r b a r a ' s class in Syd- I s t r e n g t h e n t h e soul. E a c h F r i d a y new t h e r e is a boy named Billy. you m a k e y o u r a p p e t i t e obey you, H e is a v e r y nice little boy, b u t a n d t h a t helps you t o be t e m p e r By is always a s k i n g questions. S i s t e r a t e in e a t i n g and drinking. B a r b a r a is v e r y p a t i e n t a n d a n - being t e m p e r a t e ( t h a t is, n o t t a k swers all h i s questions. S i s t e r i n g too m u c h ) in e a t i n g a n d drinktold me of t h e following conversa- ing, you will learn t o be t e m p e r a t e tion t h a t took place b e t w e e n Billy in o t h e r w a y s also. O u r Lord founded t h e C h u r c h . He w a s t h e and herself. first T e a c h e r . H e is infallible. "Sister Barbara." T h i s b i g word m e a n s t h a t He "Yes, B i l l y ? " could n o t m a k e a m i s t a k e " " W h y s h o u l d n ' t I eat m e a t on "Of course H e could n o t , " Billy Friday? A boy had ham sandi n t e r r u p t e d , forgettfilg h i s m a n wiches t o - d a y a n d h e offered m e n e r s in h i s e a g e r n e s s to a s s u r e m e one. I w a s j u s t g o i n g to b i t e into t h a t he was a true Christian. it, when I r e m e m b e r e d it w a s F r i day, so I d i d n ' t , b u t I can tell you, " W h e n O u r L o r d ' s mission on Sister, I w a n t e d to, for it s m e l t e a r t h w a s done, H e left u s a n ingood-o. M y s a n d w i c h e s w e r e only fallible t e a c h e r in H i s p l a c e — t h e cheese a n d j a m . T h e boy said I Church. S t . P e t e r a n d t h e Apostles first rulers of t h e w a s silly n o t t o h a v e t h e h a m . were t h e C h u r c h ; t h e Pope, Cardinals a n d W h y shouldn't I ? " Bishops took t h e i r places. Our " T h e C h u r c h said you m u s t n o t . " Lord did n o t say, 'Do not e a t m e a t Billy frowned. "Aw, Sister, on F r i d a y / T h e C h u r c h said it. who is t h e C h u r c h ? " B u t t h e C h u r c h is t h e T e a c h e r H e " T h e C h u r c h is y o u r m o t h e r — left u s ; it is His voice s p e a k i n g t o t h e m o t h e r of y o u r soul. J u s t a s us. Therefore, Billy, it is j u s t t h e y o u r own m o t h e r took care of you s a m e a s if Our L o r d c a m e a n d a n d saw t h a t you h a d p r o p e r food stood before you a n d said, 'Billy, a n d r e s t a n d exercise, so t h a t do not e a t m e a t on F r i d a y s , to prove t h a t you a r e My follower, t h a t you a r e r e a d y t o suffer t h i s CURIOSITIES OF SPELLING. little sacrifice for Me, w h o sufferShowing the various ways in which ed so m u c h for you. Show all m e n ough" is pronounced'.— t h a t you believe in M e / "

Mary w a s going to a t e a - p a r t y and received various injunctions about behaviour. "Mind you do not sample everyt h i n g on t h e t a b l e , " w a s m o t h e r ' s parting remark. On h e r r e t u r n Mary w a s telling of t h e m a n y good t h i n g s provided at the party. "I hope you r e m e m b e r e d w h a t I said a b o u t not sampling everyt h i n g , " said h e r mother, anxiously. "Oh, y e s , " said Mary, proudly. " I d i d n ' t h a v e a n y of t h e bread and b u t t e r . " A N EXCELLENT REASON. Tommie had always been much afraid of dogs. One day, after a struggle to get him to pass a large dog which stood in the corner, his mother scolded him for his unnecessary fear. "Well," was his * reply, "you'd be afraid of dogs if you was a..> low down as I am." THE EXCEPTION. The temporary guide in the Natural History Museum had got slightly muddled in his remarks, and when he shepherded the party to the platform occupied by a stuffed kangaroo Le explained carelessly. "An' this, ladies an' gen'tlemen, is the kangaroo—now extinct." "But, my good man," one of his listeners piwtested, "that's ridiculous. The kangaroo is not extinct." The guide was, however, quick on the uptake, and extricated himself by saying, airily, "Ah—this one is, mister!"

fr

The wind was rough And cold and hlough, She kept her hands within her mough, It chilled her through, Her nose grew hlough, And still the squall the faster flough, And yet although There was nough snough, The weather was a cruel fough It made her cough— Pray do not scough— She coughed until her hat hlough ough."

Billy's eyes sparkled.

" I will, t o o , " h e said, "I'll show them, Sister." " S o m e t i m e s , children m a y t e a s e you abotat F r i d a y abstinence. L a t e r on, wfien you a r e a t work, o t h e r y o u n g m e n (Billy s a t u p s t r a i g h t a t t h e t h o u g h t of being a young man!) may boast t h a t t h e y would not allow a n y o n e dictate w h a t t h e y should eat. T h e y will s a y : T e a t m e a t a n y d a y and every d a y / You a n s w e r : 'So does a d o g ! ' T h a t is w h a t a y o u r body would g r o w s t r o n g , t h e Missionary told u s t o s a y w h e n C h u r c h looks a f t e r y o u r soul, t h a t we were children. And tell t h e m it m a y b e s t r o n g . " t h a t t h e y h a v e t o obey t h e doctor "How can n o t e a t i n g m e a t on a s t o w h a t t h e y e a t if t h e y wish F r i d a y s m a k e m y soul s t r o n g , t o be well and h e a l t h y . The Sister?" Church is t h e doctor of souls a n d " I t does y o u r soul good, b e c a u s e prescribes for us. W e a r e h i g h e r you p e r f o r m a n act of obedience, t h a n t h e animals and w e m u s t a n d an a c t of mortification a t t h e keep o u r a p p e t i t e s in control. A s a m e t i m e , a n d y o u r soul m a s t e r s Catholic child should be t a u g h t to y o u r body. T h e soul is t h e h i g h e r J keep F r i d a y ' s abstinence from its p a r t of y o u r n a t u r e . I t should be ' earliest y e a r s . T h e earlier it commaster. T h e body is t h e lower mences, t h e easier for it t o form p a r t of y o u r n a t u r e , it should obey t h e good h a b i t . Now, Billy, do t h e soul. If t h e body is allowed you u n d e r s t a n d ? " t o be t h e m a s t e r , you will grow "Yes, Sister. No m e a t for me, i n t o a p a g a n , B i l l y ! Now, h a m sandwiches a r e good, in t h e m - ever, on F r i d a y s , t h a n k y o u ! Gee, I'm glad I t u r n e d t h a t h a m sandselves—" wich down instead of gobbling it "Too r i g h t t h e y a r e , " g r i n n e d down! I'll a l w a y s remember, Billy. Sister, t h a t Our Lord is a s k i n g " T h e y a r e good a n y d a y . B u t . m e on F r i d a y s n o t t o e a t m e a t , t h e Church s a y s t o you, 'Billy, e a t I t o prove t o everyone t h a t I believe t h e m a n y o t h e r d a y of t h e week, in Him. T h a n k you, Sister. Do b u t not on a F r i d a y . I w a n t you you w a n t a n y j o b s done? The t o do t h i s t o prove you a r e a flowers w a t e r e d or a n y m e s s a g e s Christian/" done?" "How does it prove t h a t , Sis"No, t h a n k you, Billy." ter?" I s e n t Billy off home, feeling 'Our L o r d died on a F r i d a y , and quite "happy t h a t h e h a d asked by keeping F r i d a y abstinence w e t h a t q u e s t i o n , for I k n e w t h e prove o u r belief in Him. o u r willingness t o suffer for h i m . T h i s a n s w e r h a d sunk deep in h i s mind. a c t of t h e will serves, t o o , t o God bless h i m — h e is a d e a r child.

WHAT WORRIED niM. It was a t an orchestral concert, and after gazing for some time at the bass fiddle player, a man in the stalls muttered: "He'll never do it; he'll never do it." At length the title of the iirst number was announced, whereupon the mutterer continued his remark, louder each time. This was too much for a man in the row in front, and eventually he turned and said, angrily: "Confound you and your mutterings, sir." "Well, he can't do it, I tell you. I l l bet he can't!" was the reply. "Can't do w h a t ? " "Put that big fiddle under his chin "

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A MIS-HIT.

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At the reception a woman chatted for some time with a distinguished visitor, and displayed such inteUigence that one of the listeners compliriented her. "Oh, really," she said, with a smile, "I've merely been concealing my ignorance." The celebrity spoke gallantly. "Not at all, madam! Quite the contrary, I assure you." H E WASN'T Lady: Are you content to spend your life walking about the country begging? Tramp (soulfully): No, lady, many's the time I've wished I 'ad a motor car.

"Every child needs milk every day."

MILKMAID MILK AS LITTLE CHILDREN. O u r Blessed L o r d tells u s t h a t unless we become a s little children we cannot enter i n t o t h e kingdom. And m a n y Catholic religious, and, indeed, m a n y Catholic m e n a n d women in t h e world, h a v e b y t h e i r h u m b l e conforming t o t h e will of God, by t h e i r simple f a i t h , b y their^ t r u s t in God's providence, become like children erven while upon t h i s earth. T h e y a r e kindly, t h o u g h t f u l , helpful, and above all cheerful, k n o w i n g t h a t t h e fashion of t h i s world will pass a w a y , b u t t h a t t h e One on W h o m t h e y lean will never fail t h e m . " T h e p r o u d a n d t h e covetous," as T h o m a s a Kempis s a y s , " a r e never a t r e s t ; t h e poor and t h e humble of h e a r t p a s s t h e i r lives in a b u n d a n c e of p e a c e . " * * * * * I n M a n a g i n g h i s affairs Robert Louis Stevenson h a d , a s h e often said, no money sense. Once he and M r s . Stevenson w e n t t o P a r i s for a pleasure t r i p . T h e y h a d a check for £100 a n d s o m e odd money, and m e a n t t o h a v e a t h o r o u g h l y good t i m e a n d s t a y as long a s t h e i r m o n e y held o u t . Aft e r a few d a y s t h e y found t h e i r funds r u n n i n g s h o r t ; t h e y couldn't i m a g i n e w h a t t h e y h a d done w i t h it a l l ; b u t t h e r e w a s s o l i t t l e left t h e y decided to g e t b a c k t o E n g land while it lasted. W h e n t h e y got h o m e , t h e y f o u n d t h e £100 check a m o n g t h e i r p a p e r s . T h e y h a d n ' t cashed it a t all, a n d d i d n ' t even know t h e y h a d i t . — S . S. McClure.

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Atoxo/MARGO IS AN

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PRSRVYPRFCTMN VRKPTHSPRCPTSTN T o s h o w t h e i m p o r t a n c e of t h e vowel E in all w r i t i n g s , o n e n e e d s only t o r e f e r to t h e above, w h i c h was a n inscription o v e r t h e Decalogue in a c o u n t r y C h u r c h . I t is s t a t e d t h a t this w a s n o t r e a d in over t w o h u n d r e d y e a r s . I f you will i n s e r t t h e l e t t e r E in a good m a n y spaces, you will b e able t o read: P r e s e r v e , Ye p e r f e c t m e n E v e r keep t h e s e p e r c e p t s t e n .

SOAP

IDEAL CHRISTMAS GIFT IN THE OBTAINABLE EVERYWHERE

TROPICS.

A n o t h e r inexpensive b u t a t t r a c t i v e G I F T s u g g e s t i o n i s a

CALCHEMICO CASKET a dainty satin-lined casket containing one MARGO SOAP, one NEEM Tooth Paste, one bottle SILTRES (Shampoo) and one phial Perfume at $1.00 only. (Postage extra). Limited numbers available—order now.

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6

FR. E. LEL1EVRE AND THE LITTLE SISTERS OF THE POOR. o

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE BEGINNINGS. ( D R A W N FROM T H E E D I T I O N W R I T T E N B Y T H E BENEDICTINES OF TEIGHMOUTH.) (SIXTH INSTALMENT). W H E N F r . Lelievre w a s a t Rome, I I r i s h F o u n d a t i o n s of t h e Little Sisc r i e s of d i s t r e s s r e a c h e d h i m j t e r s of t h e P o o r w a s made, in f r o m t h e L i t t l e S i s t e r s in t h e j A d e l p h i T e r r a c e . T h e Rev. A. L e r o y gives t h i s U n i t e d K i n g d o m . I n six weeks he^ w a s a g a i n a t t h e s e a t of trouble, j i n t e r e s t i n g account of t h e " L i t t l e M g r . M a n n i n g c a m e t o t h e rescue, H o m e " in W a t e r f o r d . ' T h e Good a n d so efficaciously, t h a t all classes M o t h e r St. J o s e p h h a d t h e h o n o u r flocked t o h e a r h i m plead t h e c a u s e of m a k i n g t h i s first foundation in of t h e L i t t l e S i s t e r s . A R u s s i a n I r e l a n d , in a h o u s e hired at t h e P r i n c e s s , newly m a r r i e d , visited a n n u a l rental of £ 5 0 ; a n d she t h e r e t h e S i s t e r s a n d t h e i r a g e d poor, installed Sister Honoria. who w a s a n d e m p t i e d h e r p u r s e , w h i c h w a s n a m e d Superior, t o g e t h e r with a c r a m m e d w i t h n o t e s a n d gold, for few Sisters. T h e h o u s e was v e r y t h e i r benefit. T h e s h i p w a s s e t convenient for i t s purpose, t h o u g h e m p t y . But t h e B i s h o p came a n d afloat a g a i n ! blessed t h e n e w establishment, T h e e x t r e m e p r o v e r t y , a n d w a n t provided t h e A l t a r a n d t h e necesin London m a d e F r . Lelievre s a r y o r n a m e n t s for t h e worship of w r i t e : " F o r e v e r y e m p t y bed, w e God. A lady w h o lived near, furhave ten applicants—only t w o n i s h e d food a n d necessaries for t h e h o u s e s a n d 200 i n m a t e s — a n d t h i s first few d a y s ; v i s i t s a n d g i f t s i s t h e l e a s t we o u g h t t o do. T h e c a m e in g r e a t n u m b e r s and t h e c h a p e l a t Portobello R o a d is small household increased. I t is w o r t h y t o suffocation. Shall w e finish off of n o t e t h a t a w o m a n a h u n d r e d -our old people b y c h o k i n g t h e m f o r y e a r s old was t h e first person r e w a n t of a i r ? " ceived by t h e L i t t l e S i s t e r s in I r e A s t o t h e F o u n d a t i o n s , t h o u g h land. When t w o little b e g g i n g horrified a t t i m e s b y t h e t h o u g h t s i s t e r s appeared in t h e m a r k e t in of t h e m a n y d e b t s still h a n g i n g W a t e r f o r d , t h e policeman on d u t y , o v e r h i m , h e w a s n e v e r t h e l e s s en- w h o happened t o be without c o u r a g e d b y t h e c o n s t a n t reception m o n e y , went a n d borrowed f r o m of g e n e r o u s a l m s c o n t r i b u t e d b y thf: t r a d e s w o m e n , a n d gave his offriendly and charitable bene- f e r i n g to t h e S i s t e r s who, on t h a t f a c t o r s . W e h e a r a n excellent I d a y , b r o u g h t f r o m t h e m a r k e t a s t o r y of N e w c a s t l e in t h e coal- good store of v e g e t a b l e s and t h e mining district: ' T h e blackest s u m of ten shillings in coppers, place on t h e face of t h e e a r t h . I n w h i l s t a butcher, w h o had himself A u g u s t , 1866, w e a r r i v e d , a n d soon t a k e n t h e i r b a s k e t a n d gone r o u n d t h e L i t t l e S i s t e r s b e g a n t o beg. t h e stalls, h a d t h e heavy load O n e of t h e m w e n t t o t h e door of b r o u g h t home t o t h e S i s t e r s by h i s a l a r g e w o r k s h o p owned b y a Ca- s h o p m a n ; and b e y o n d all t h i s , t h e tholic, w h e r e m a n y of t h o s e em- m o s t magnificent gift w a s a h o r s e , ployed w e r e Catholics also. I t w a s s e n t by t h e pupils of t h e College t h e i r p a y d a y and, a s each m a n a t Rockwell. B u t it w a s such a •passed t h e L i t t l e S i s t e r on going fine one t h a t t h e S i s t e r s , not d a r i n g o u t , h e g a v e h e r a s i x p e n c e ; some t o m a k e use of s u c h a valuable a n i e v e n g a v e a shilling, a n d t h e m a l , exchanged it for a pony, a m a s t e r n o t only w r o t e h i s n a m e in c a r t , and a k i t c h e n stove, and still h e r book, b u t pulled a sovereign had a balance of £8. o u t of h i s pocket. M a n y a m u s i n g and edifyinganecdotes are told of t h e " q u e t e s " N e x t m o r n i n g , a poor w o r k m a n 'called a t t h e door, a s k e d t o see t h e in Ireland and elsewhere. At first, L i t t l e S i s t e r a n d s a i d : " I w a s n o t in t h e early d a y s of J e a n n e J u g a n , t h e r e y e s t e r d a y , I a n d s o m e of m y t h e r e was no q u e s t i o n of a n y p o r t e fellows w h o a r e n i g h t w a t c h m a n , r a g e except b y t h e b a s k e t on t h e b u t w e d o n ' t w a n t t.> lose t h e a r m of t h e b e g g i n g Sisters, a n d o p p o r t u n i t y , so h e r e is m y sixpence, v e r y heavy t h e b a s k e t must h a v e a n d t h e o t h e r s will b r i n g t h e i r s . " been, as t h e L i t t l e Sisters and t h e i r good w o r k became known. T h e L i t t l e S i s t e r h a d h e a r d some of t h e s e good m e n s a y : " W e h a v e T h e little g r e e n b a r r o w a l r e a d y l o s t t h r e e days* w o r k in t h e l a s t mentioned w a s t h e n e x t step, t h e n f o r t n i g h t , b u t w e c a n ' t let you b e c a m e a small donkey. T h e collect h e worse for t h a t . " T h i s w a s t i o n m a d e in P a r i s is t h u s describv f r y fine, b u t t h e following is even ed by a t a l e n t e d w r i t e r : b e t t e r . A poor fellow r a n a f t e r " I was w a l k i n g along the t h e good M o t h e r in t h e s t r e e t t o market-place o n e m o r n i n g when I g i v e h e r a p e n n y , a n d a d d e d : "God s a w coming u p slowly, a b o u t bless you, a n d I shall p r a y f o r t w e n t y paces f r o m me, a low, n a r you!" r o w c a r t d r a w n by a meek little donkey, and a n old m a n in a g r e y IN IRELAND. g r e a t c o a t , occupying t h e ?eat, w a s F o r several y e a r s I r e l a n d h a d d r i v i n g whip in h a n d . A s t h e little appealed t o t h e k i n d h e a r t of F r . c a r t advanced, a kind of cheerful Lelievre. H o w could i t do o t h e r - m u r m u r passed from stall t o w i s e , seeing t h a t t h e Island of stall. One t r a d e s w o m a n left h e r S a i n t s is, as h a s b e e n a p t l y said, s e a t to deposit a w h i t i n g in i t ; h e r " t h e classic land of i n d i g e n c e " ? T h e n e i g h b o u r followed close, b r i n g i n g L i t t l e B r o t h e r of t h e poor y e a r n e d a couple of e g g s . Soon, when t h e t o cross t h e C h a n n e l in t h e i n t e - c a r t w a s in t h e c e n t r e of t h e market-place, t h e r e w a s a s o r t r e s t s of h i s d e a r old people. T e n t a t i v e l y , h e h a d offered t o of avalanche f r o m all sides—cab-* m o r e t h a n one of t h e Bishops, b u t b a g e s , t u r n i p s , leeks, potatoes, h a d received r e p l y t h a t it would c a m e pouring in. Out of one winb e impossible f o r s u c h a n i n s t i t u t e dow fell a p a c k a g e of old clothes, t o b e s u p p o r t e d . B u t in 1867, F r . a n d from a n o t h e r a p a i r of s h e e t s , L e l i e v r e won o v e r B i s h o p O'Brien w o r n and s o m e w h a t t h r e a d b a r e , of W a t e r f o r d , a n d h e d e p a r t e d f o r b u t still capable of being m a d e inW a t e r f o r d , w h e r e t h e first of t h e t o excellent pocket-handkerchiefs,

and even very presentable table napkins. A t e v e r y one of t h e s e p r e s e n t s t h e donkey, seeming quite accustomed t o it, shot i t s long e a r s g r a v e l y ; t h e S i s t e r bowed a n d g^ve a smile of g r e e t i n g t o t h e donor." T h e s t o r y of t h e donkey at B r u s sels, in 1861, j u s t before F r . Lelievre's first visit t o England, m a y find a place h e r e . The donkey h a d grown very old, and could only go so slowly t h a t t h e supplies cculd not a r r i v e by dinner-time. . T h e begging S i s t e r w a s very simj pie, v e r y obedient, a n d full of t h e ' spirit of faith. T h e Good Mother said t o h e r : "My good little Sist e r , go and beg, a n d do not come back w i t h o u t a little donkey, or at least t h e p r o m i s e of one." The L i t t l e Sister set off, having no p a r t i c u l a r person in view, but her usual confidence in h e r mission of c h a r i t y left h e r no anxiety. On h e r w a y she began t o p r a y t o Our , Lady, and while she w a s praying, I t h e t h o u g h t c a m e t o h e r t o address herself to t h e King, w h o was j u s t t h e n a t t h e palace. Finding no w a y of r e a c h i n g H i s Majesty personally, she h a d recourse to a lady of t h e palace, w h o g a v e t h e mess a g e and obtained t h e desired favour. T h e K i n g himself wrote t o t h a proper officer, a n d t h e Little Sister w e n t h o m e joyful and content. A c h a r m i n g donkey arrived, a s l a r g e a s a pony, and t h e y h a d t h e satisfaction of seeing t h e collecting-cart come h o m e in t i m e for dinner. A f t e r s o m e y e a r s of good service, t h e " K i n g ' s donkey" died of scarlet fever. A request w a s addressed t o t h e Duke of A r e n b u r g , a n d a few days afterw a r d s a g e n t l e m a n w h o m no one knew, a l t h o u g h h e h a d sometimes b r o u g h t gifts of money, called and a s k e d t o see t h e Good Mother. H e t h e n said h e w a s a dealer in donk e y s and, h a v i n g h g a r d t h a t t h e L i t t l e Sisters w a n t e d one, h e had come t o see if t h e y would buy one of h i s . T h e Good M o t h e r suspected s o m e t h i n g from h i s looks, and s a i d : " H a v e I not t h e honour of s p e a k i n g t o t h e P r i n c e ? " He replied: " I tell you, I a m a dealer— well n o t e x a c t l y — b u t I sell donk e y s . " "Oh, m y Lord, you have probably g o t donkeys, b u t you do not sell t h e m , a n d I hope you will give u s o n e . " A few days a f t e r t h e P r i n c e r e t u r n e d , bringing one almost equal in value t o a horse. H e p u t t h e h a r n e s s a n d shafts on, and t h e donkey did i t s p a r t well, and shortened t h e t i m e of t h e j o u r n e y s b y half. To r e t u r n t o W a t e r f o r d . The L i t t l e S i s t e r s h a d a r r i v e d early in F e b r u a r y , 1868, " w i t h g r e a t confidence and i m m e n s e desires." In less t h a n t w o m o n t h s , eighteen old women were installed, and F a t h e r Lelievre w r o t e : " A f t e r t h e women we shall t a k e men, b u t we w a n t beds, a n d a l r e a d y t h e house is too small," and a few days later " t h e house a t W a t e r f o r d gives general satisfaction. T h e poor old people who h a v e been received cease not t o bless God from morni n g t o n i g h t . A n d what poor! No one h a d clothes such a s even our LitUle S i s t e r s could use t h e least bit. W e choose t h e most infirm, and m u s t w a i t to receive t h e men until we can have a large habitation." Of t h e t r u l y Irish charity, two excellent s t o r i e s a r e told of W a t e r ford. It was in t h e a u t u m n when t h e t r e e s shed t h e i r leaves because,

FAR

EASTERN MUSIC SCHOOL l - A , Kirk Terrace (Off D h o b y G h a u t ) SINGAPORE.

T h e only a n d oldest i n s t i t u t i o n of i t s k i n d in S i n g a p o r e w i t h up-to-date equipment. Had gained a s e r i e s of successes in t h e T r i n i t y College E x a m i n a tions in t h e p a s t . No a g e r e s triction. W r i t e for p a r t i c u l a r s . M. A N C I A N O , Principal. a s t h e s u n g r o w s paler, t h e r e is less need of s h a d e . T h e little ass, which w a s r a t h e r old, b u t still able t o c a r r y b a s k e t s , fell ill, a n d Sister Claudine w a s obliged t o h i r e anot h e i t o replace h e r , b u t t h i s cost seven shillings a d a y , a n d t h e Sister went begging. Now, a t t h e houses w h e r e t h e S i s t e r a n d t h e a s s generally w e n t for b r o k e n food, t h e s e r v a n t s , b o t h men a n d women, knew of t h e a n i m a l ' s illness a n d t h e S?ster's d i s t r e s s . One d a y , sever a l well-fed p r o t e s t a n t domestics w e r e t a l k i n g t o h e r abcir ; it, bu , none seemed t o c a r e t o help, when t h e little scullery-maid, w h o was a Catholic, s a i d : " W a i t j u s t a r m n u t e ! " S h e r a n u p s t a i r s , and came back w i t h t h r e e pieces of money which s h e slid i n t o Sister Claudine's hand and escaped. ' T h r e e s h i l l i n g s ; t h a t is good of t h e little g i r l , " t h o u g h t t h e Sister, b u t w h e n s h e looked a t t h e money s h e saw, not t h r e e shillings, but t h r e e s o v e r e i g n s . No doubt, it w*s all t h e s a v i n g s of h e r small wages. 1

T

Even t h e poor b e g g a r s in the s t r e e t s would g i v e s o m e t h i n g . At one- c o r n e r of a s t r e e t in Waterford t h e Litlfle S i s t e r s found a poor old m a n a l w a y s on t h e look-out for t h e m . H e lived b y begging, and h i s old coat w a s f u r n i s h e d with m a n y pockets a n d hiding-places for t h e little coins h e gained thus. W a i t i n g for t h e Little S i s t e r s , he hailed t h e m a s soon a s t h e y appeared, calling t o t h e m , t r y i n g to a t t r a c t t h e i r a t t e n t i o n , a n d if t h e y seemed t o be p a s s i n g t h e o t h e r w a y h e h a d no r e s t till they came t o h i m . T h e y m u s t come! T h e n h e b e g a n t o h u n t in all his p o c k e t s — t h e u p p e r ones, t h e lower o n e s — t h e big ones and t h e little. I t took some t i m e , t h e r e w e r e so m a n y . A t last, w h e n h e h a d ransaked e v e r y one t o t h e b o t t o m , the Little S i s t e r s p r o t e s t i n g : "No, no, f a t h e r J . D. we b e g of you! D o n ' t ! T h i n k of y o u r s e l f ! You h a v e left n o t h i n g for yourself!" And all h e would say w a s : "No, S i s t e r s — t a k e it, I h a v e always enough." F r . Lelievre a d d s : "Here is a m a n w h o u n d e r s t a n d s t h e Gospel. H e h a d h e a r d t h e words of Our Lord in t h e Temple. No one in t h e world h a s given more to the Little Sisters' purse than he h a s done." D u r i n g t h a t L e n t , F r . Lelievre went over t o F r a n c e on a begging expedition for t h e E n g l i s h houses, which w e r e still in debt. H e was g r e a t l y consoled b y t h e fact t h a t five or six y o u n g I r i s h ladies had offered t h e m s e l v e s as p o s t u l a n t s ; and now h e t u r n e d h i s footsteps, ever i n t e n t on good w o r k s , t o a l a r g e r field—to t h e N e w World. (To be Continued)


MALAYA

CATHOLIC LEADER,

SHORTHAND ST.

SATURDAY,

BY

JOSEPH'S INSTITUTION STENOTYPING. DEMONSTRATION OF N E W SYSTEM.

The d e m o n s t r a t i o n w a s opened by a s h o r t a d d r e s s of B r o t h e r Augustus to those attending: There w e r e p r e s e n t t h e Director of Education, the Inspector of Schools a n d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s of Local P r e s s a n d Local F i r m s a n d Schools. M r . I. Saul, chief government r e p o r t e r , w a s p r e s e n t a n d took a k e e n i n t e r e s t in t h e demonstration. Among o t h e r t h i n g s B r o t h e r Augustus said Rev. B r o . D i r e c t o r ' s Speech.

Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen, Allow me first to thank you all for having so kindly responded to my invitation to attend the demonstration; and I must more especially thank Mr. Morten for having graciously condescended to preside over this modest gathering. The purpose of this meeting is not to make a pompous display of our achievements, but merely to introduce Stenotyping to the public, and, to begin

with, to that section of the public from whom we may ask for an opinion which is worth having before we proceed further. Ever since the day when the typewriter was invented means were sought whereby to mechanize shorthand also; but the first machines were either too slow, cr too complicated, or too noisy, or too clumsy, and so they failed to flood the market as the typewriter did. The present machine is, I think, fast, it is simple, it is noiseless and it is portable. It should have another quality, it should be cheap, but like all other young growths it is still swathed in monopolies and patents. When it will have outgrown its nursery clothes its price, will, I hope, come down to a reasonable comparison with that of the bigger cousin the typewriter. Stenotyping is intended to supersede shorthand and from what you will see you will agree with me that it bids fair to outclass it altogether. No doubt Shorthand has undeniable advantages: a pencil and a note book are all you need carrying in your pocket when you go reporting. But on the other hand Stenotyping has the following points in its favour: 1st: There is practically no theory to learn. It is all here in that page of foolscap. In one short lesson you can learn it.

7th DECEMBER, 1935.

MACHINE article which appeared in the Straits Times and then by an advertisement which appeared in a local periodical but more especially by letters from the Brother in Charge of the Commercial Class who was then in Europe and had visited several Commercial Schools on the Continent and visited also the School of Stenotyping at Imperial House in London. I ordered one machine to begin with: but in the meantime I wrote to the London Chamber of Commerce and the Cambridge Syndicate to ask them whether Stenotyping would be accepted by them in their examinations. Both answered in the affirmative. The School of Stenotyping London, informed me that the system was developing rapidly in London and inquiries had reached them from Ceylon. A man shortly due for leave was to study the Question, during his furlough, and, to finish with Ceylon I may add that I made further inquiry and I am expecting a letter any day from the Brother Director of our College there. The machine at last arrived towards the end of May. Another ordered by Messrs Duncan Roberts Ltd., iomed it early in June and a start was made with boys who did not form part of the regular Commercial Class, but were waiting for "something to turn up". With these five Micawbers a class of Stenotyping was formed. At the end of June they attempted 40 words a minute. One of the boys 'got a job' and could not practise except casually after office hours. Another was sick and straggled behind; the remaining three attempted 70 words * before t h e ' closing of the school in August. Only two were able to work normally to the end of October. One of them doing fairly well at 120 the other attempting 100 sometimes

For over a quarter century GOLD L E A F TEA has been recognised as symbolic of; the utmost in skill in Blend-; ing, honour and integrity I in the packing of Fragrant || and Inimitable Tea. Of all dealers throughout Malaya,

F. A . B A R T H O L O M E W LTD., Agents:

12—A, Robinson Road, SINGAPORE. in spite of its p r o v i n g a specially h a r d passage. Many q u e s t i o n s and queries followed which showed t h e keen int e r e s t w h i c h it h a d aroused. The function ended b y M r . Morten t h e Director of E d u c a t i o n calling f o r a v o t e of t h a n k s t o Brother Director which was heartily responded to.

A CATHOLIC N O R M A L SCHOOL IN T H E GOLD COAST. Stenowriter.

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StenotyI i n c ping is I s developing I M C very I rapidI o ly I in I M EnH gland, M D (full stop) M C One of I the D great 0 advanH tages S of S this I s sysI s tem M is I s

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* AN EXAMPLE C S T E NO T Y P (ACTUAL SIZE)

that it uses ordinary leters (full stop) Thus it is very easy to read (full stop)

Cape Coast (Gold Coast, B r i t i s h West A f r i c a ) . — T h e c o r n e r s t o n e of t h e new T r a i n i n g College for Women T e a c h e r s a t Cape Coast w a s blessed recently by B s h o p William T. P o r t e r , Vicar Apostolic of t h e Gold Coast. T h e T r a i n i n g College is directed by t h e Missiona r y S i s t e r s of Our L a d y of t h e Apostles, of Venissieux near Lyons, F r a n c e . T h e r e a r e a t p r e s e n t 15 N a t i v e young women being t r a i n e d by t h e Sisters. Seven of t h e m h a v e received from t h e colonial educational authorities the Preliminary Third Class Certificate, which entitles t h e m t o begin t e a c h i n g with a salary of £62 w i t h a yearly increase of £ 3 up t o £80, a n d t h e n a n annual r a i s e of £5 until t h e y a r e receiving ' £130, the maximum salary. The n e w Catholic t r a i n i n g college for m e n t e a c h e r s will b e opened a t Cape Coast n e x t J a n u a r y . (Fides.) :

Students Manipulating Steno writers at different speeds. 2nd: The acceleration in the acquisition of speed is far greater than in Shorthand as you will be shown by direct reference to what you will see presently. 3rdly: There is no strain on the eyes. The operator looks at the speaker and we all know what further help the eye is to the ear when we can watch the lips of the speaker. 4thly: It follows from the 3rd advantage that the stenotynist can do without light. A hlmd man can work , the little machine and the fact is on | record that a blind man m Paris is able to take down 200 words a nrnute and puts in a full day's work. His strips are passed over to typists who transcribe them. 5th!y: I have just referred to the fifth advantage of Stenotyping: the strips can be handed over to a typist for transcription, while the stenotypist goes on recording. 6thly: One more advantage, by wlrch I shall end my enumeration. The system is universal. On the same machine speeches in English. French, German, Spanish, Italian, African and Oriental lan^na^es havp beou r**v>rded sometimes by stenotypists who did not understand the language but onlv recorded sounds and when repeating those sounds to one who knew the lansruasre the speech could be reconstructed. It will record Malay also if you try. Now let me tell you how Stenotyping came to Singapore and what we have done with it so far. In March 1932 one of the Brothers of our College in Manila was passine throueh and interested us very much with his description of the American Stenotype recently introduced into the College. Brother Steohen who was Director here then toM Irm to have one machine sent to St. Joseph's and tK*>t it would be pa^d for. For reasons still unknown to this d*v the machine never came and all was forgotten about it Last year my dormant interest in ! stenotyping was reawakened first by an

with success. On the 1st of November a very good job fetched away the best of them and the London Chamber of Commerce Examination coming shortly after put an end to the regular courses, so that these boys may be said to have had only four months to acquire a speed of 100 or 120 words which is in accordance with the claims of the Prospectus. If Stenotyping is introduced into our Commercial Class in 1986 the courses will be regular and not haphazard as they have been. Beginning right off at the re-opening, by the end of February the students would be expected to take 50 words a minute, by Easter about 70 by the end of June about 100 words. It is what the boys of this year have done in about the same time or a little less even. A hundred words a minute when the students of Pitman's Shorthand are just finishing their theory and are beginning to toddle for sneed at 25 or 30 words I think that is well worth considering. By the end of the year the class would be expected to have reached an averaee of 150. Some may have better facilities, others less. These wilt be stragglers at 120, 130. But a straggler at 130 is all the same 50 words ahead of the brieht student who has reached 80 in Shorthand in the same time. I based my hopes for the future on what we have been able to do this year and I have tried not to be too much of an optimist.

A f t e r t h a t , two dictations, one a t 80, t h e o t h e r a t 120 per minute w e r e given which t h e boys took down b y s t e n o t y p i n g t h e m and t h e n read t h e m again readily ou': of t h e i r s t r i p . A f u r t h e r test a t an unsen piece w a s suggested b y one of t h e visitors. T h e Editorial of t h e S t r a i t s Times j u s t published t h a t afternoon w a s given a t 100 words p e r m i n u t e which was also done t o t h e satisfaction of all p r e s e n t

A FAMOUS L O N D O N C H O I R . T'HE C h u r c h of t h e P a s s i o n i s t Fathers at Highgate, on London's N o r t h e r n h e i g h t s , h a s a choir which c a n claim t o h a v e b e come famous n o t only locally nationally. T h e s i n g e r s corrposing St. J o s e p h ' s Choir, n a a r l y forty in n u m b e r , h a v e b r o a d c a s t ; they h a v e m a d e r e c o r d s for r e p r o duction; a n d t h e y h a v e now h a d t h e distinction of b e i n g picked o u t for film work. I t is possible t h a t a musical " t a l k i e " in .which s o m e of t h e i r s i n g i n g is p a r t of t h e a t t r a c t i o n will find its way, in course, t o Malaya, so t h a t C a t h o lics in t h e S t r a i t s S e t t l e m e n t s will be able t o enjoy, w i t h t h e i r fellowCatholics in London, t h e voices of H i g h g a t e ' s f a m o u s choir-


8

Woman's Page THE

DAUGHTERS

VOCATION.

IT IS TERRIBLE PRICE A GIRL PAYS lOR HER WAYWARDNESS. T H E daughter's first field of * operation i s t h e home, and h e r first d u t y is t o parents. Nothing except a spiritual call from God should b e permitted t o take permanent procedure of home duties. W h a t a beautiful field she has for h e r a c t i v i t i e s ! S h e h a s it in h e r power t o be t h e greatest comfort t o f a t h e r and mother. That i n itself m u s t be a wonderful joy t o a nature so exquisitely good a s hers. Also, s h e h a s an influence ever h e r brothers second only t o t h a t of t h e i r mother. The good daughter is sure t o be a good sister, and w h a t a career of usefulness, cheer and inspiration is h e r s ? B u t w h a t an opportunity h a s been missed in life by the girl w h o is not a good daughter. And generally a girl w h o i s not a good daughter has g i v e n up this wonderful opportunity for a bauble.

r

CHRIST

THE

KING.

He made the heavens and earth And everything therein, And yet there was no room Tor Jesus in the inn. King David called Him Lord, And Pilate called Him King, The Wisemen in accord Gave fegal offering. Glory, hosanna to Christ the King. Glory, hosanna to Christ the King. He seldom rules by might: All Vow*r is in Etis hands— Let'love of truth and right Pvevml throughout the lands. He rules not by the sword— His angels sang of peace; We know His will and word That strife on earth should cease. Glory, Glory,

hosanna to Christ hosanna to Christ

the the

King. King.

And now He dwells with us Upon the altar throne, Because He waled it thus, To leave us not alone. Our hearts alone to bring That we may prove our love And loyalty to our King. Glory, Glory,

hosanna to Christ hosanna to Christ

the the

King. King.

A y o u n g w o m a n will never g e t t h e equivalent outside for w h a t s h e loses in t h e home. If through frivolity, or v a n i t y or waywardn e s s , s h e g e t s a little passing pleasure a t t h e cost of turning her back on home duties, she is simply indulging i n froth. If for t h e sake of amusement or sociability she disregards t h e advice and welfare of h e r parents, s h e is weaving a garment of unhappiness for herself. N o y o u n g woman ever purchases contentment by having her own w a y a g a i n s t t h e reasonable w i s h e s of h e r parents. The girl w h o seeks to m a k e those around her happy is the unselfish giri. I f there were no such t h i n g a s self-love, there would be no unhappiness; for, apart from sin, i t is t h e great evil of t h e world. Joy oozes, a s it were, out of an unselfish person, while t h e r e i s an innate grace, a spontaneity, a w i n n i n g t a c t in h e r every word and action. E v e r y d a y , in f a m i l y

"Every child needs milk every day"

life, t h e r e i s n o lack of occasions for p r a c t i s i n g t h i s beautiful v i r t u e of unselfishness. T h e unselfish girl is willing t o oblige, to i n t e r p r e t kindly t h e a c t s a n d w o r d s of o t h e r s , and will be always on t h e w a t c h t o forestall t h e i r w a n t s . But, u n f o r t u n a t e l y , t h e r e is t h e selfish girl w h o looks for h a p p i n e s s outside h e r home. Some girls PROVERBS CONCERNING RECIPES. a r e willing t o seek t h e i r p l e a s u r e CHILDREN. even in questionable places of FISH. amusement. Public dances a n d Unless fish is t h o r o u g h l y fresh cinemas h a v e lured m a n y t h o u g h t - FUTURE Catholic child s t u l e n t s and well cooked it is h i g h l y injuriless girls t o life-long u n h a p p i n e s s . m i g h t do well to a n a l y s e f r o m Y o u n g women should know t h a t t h e standpoint of educational p s y - ous. W h e n it is fresh t h e eyes a r e m e n , a s a rule, h a v e no good opi- chology some of t h e g r e a t h e r i t a g e full a n d b r i g h t , t h e gills a b r i g h t nion of. a girl t h e y m e e t in such a of proverbs concerning t h e t r a i n - red, a n d t h e flesh firm a n d stiff; place. E v e n m e n who go t o t h e s e i n g of little children w h i c h a r e when well cooked it will easily r e s o r t s for purposes of t h e i r own, found in Catholic countries. H e r e leave t h e bone. Boiled fish contains t h e g r e a t e s t do not w a n t t o find t h e i r s i s t e r s or a r e a few jfrom a h u n d r e d t h a t fian<Jeefe t h e r e . A y o u n g w o m a n h a v e been collected from m a n y q u a n t i t y of n u t r i m e n t , a n d is most digestible; a n d , a l t h o u g h fish fried m i g h t possibly m a k e a m a r r i a g e lands. may be v e r y appetising, yet, in by f r e q u e n t i n g places of this A lively child w a n t s t o see comparison t o fish boiled, it is in• character, b u t t h e chances a r e t h a t I it will be a m a r r i a g e s h e will r u e . e v e r y t h i n g ; you should g o along digestible. If a girl, b y b e i n g w h a t a good w i t h it a n d show it. Delicate p e r s o n s should never If t h e child h a s no a p p e t i t e for eat smoked fish, nor t h e skin of d a u g h t e r s h o u l d be, does n o t a t t r a c t a m a n , it is f a r b e t t e r f o r h e r bread, do not give i t cake. fried fish. A child r e g a r d s every m a n a s n e v e r t o m a r r y . M a r r i a g e is n o t * * * * t h e only h i n g e on which h a p p i n e s s t h a t m a n r e g a r d s h i s own p a r e n t s . To F r y Fish. A child m u s t learn t o p r a y a t i t s swings. Carefully clean t h e fish, w a s h A s a m a t t e r of fact it is t h e m o t h e r ' s knees. and wipe it t h o r o u g h l y d r y , t h e n T h e child will tell you t h a t it h a s good d a u g h t e r t h a t usually w i n s dip it in milk a n d a f t e r w a r d s in | t h e good h u s b a n d . She h a s been whipped, b u t it will n o t tell flour. H a v e plenty of dripping in you w h a t for. t h e very qualities t h a t s t i r t h e W h y folk wisdom is so u n d u l y t h e frying-pan, a n d w h e n it is hot deepest feelings in a good m a n . h a r d on s t e p m o t h e r s I do n o t k n o w p u t in t h e fish and f r y a golden The flashy, r u n a b o u t girl, a t t r a c t s (one s a y i n g declares t h a t t h e y brown, t u r n i t carefully, and attention, y e s , b u t it is n o t t h e brown t h e o t h e r side; lift it out a t t e n t i o n w h i c h m a k e s for h a p p y "look best in a green d r e s s , " like on to a piece of folded p a p e r to Prince L e n n a r t of Sweden a n d h i s wedlock. One reason for so m a n y absorb t h e f a t ; a r r a n g e neatly on u n f o r t u n a t e m a r r i a g e s is j u s t t h i s plebeian b r i d e ) . Y e t m a n y a little a dish. one h a s found a n o t h e r m o t h e r , licence a n d v a n i t y of girls, alas, * # # * despite t h e old s a w s . In g e n e r a l too common a t t h e p r e s e n t d a y . t h e proverbs h i t t h e m a r k : t e m p e r Stuffed Haddock. T h e good Catholic w h o h o n o u r s Well clean a n d dry a haddock of h e r p a r e n t s a n d follows t h e i r ad- a u t h o r i t y w i t h mildness, a n d lead vice is s a f e g u a r d e d a g a i n s t t h e t h e child t o God, W h o is t h e c e n t r e about t w o p o u n d s . P u t a stuffing r i s k s of folly a n d w a y w a r d n e s s . I t of his " a d j u s t m e n t " and of all his of b r e a d c r u m b s , p a r s l e y , and herbs (or s a g e a n d o n i o n s ) , moistis one way God h a s of r e w a r d i n g "poise." t h e good d a u g h t e r . T h e girl w h o ened w i t h half a n egg, inside t h e flings reverence for h e r p a r e n t s opening, a n d sew u p ; b r u s h over WONDERFUL. aside t o claim h e r own w a y — h a r m Going into the kitchen one day the with t h e r e s t of t h e egg, a n d sprinless t h o u g h it be a t first—will find mistress asked the maid what she kle w i t h some b r e a d c r u m b s ; add herself on a d a n g e r o u s road. B e - thought of the electric cooker asd the a few pieces of dripping. Place fore long s h e will lose control a n d electric fire. "They're real wonderful" was the on a g r e a s e d b a k i n g t i n or dish, t h e n — t h e price she m u s t p a y for reply. 'They've neither if them gone and b a k e in a m o d e r a t e oven h e r w a y w a r d n e s s is t e r r i b l e . out since I came here three weeks ago. for t h r e e - q u a r t e r s of a n hour, N o t t h e l e a s t consolations of a basting frequently. * * * * good d a u g h t e r is t h e fact t h a t s h e * * * * A N D THEN WAR. is m a k i n g h e r p a r e n t s h a p p y . In Stewed F i s h . A mourning wife with the very best int h e i r happiness h e r own becomes tentions had the following inscription on Cut t w o p o u n d s of fish into inch manifold. Devotion t o t h e m be- her husband's tombstone: squares. W a s h well in cold w a t e r comes a p l e a s u r e because s h e sees " Rest in peace and d r y . P u t i n t o a saucepan one Until we meet again." t h a t t h e i r only t h o u g h t is f o r h e r ounce of dripping, let it g e t quite and h e r b r o t h e r s and s i s t e r s . * * » * hot, slice in an onion, brown it, SOLD. B u t if s h e is not a good d a u g h sprinkle in t w o teaspoonfuls of Green—"What became of all those ter, t h e consequences will be t e r flour, a l i t t l e salt and pepper, and terrible portraits of famous people which rible. Some girls b r e a k t h e i r Dauber painted and couldn't sell?" half-pint of w a t e r , a little mace or p a r e n t s ' h e a r t s by t h e i r self-will n u t m e g , a n d some chopped p a r s Black—"He called them caricatures, and licence. Eventually t h e i r own and they wen like hot cakes." ley. L e t it boil, p u t in t h e fish h e a r t s a r e broken. * * # * and one tablespoonful of vinegar, A NASTY ONE. simmer for a b o u t t w e n t y m i n u t e s . "My Dear," said Mrs. Robinson, with * • * * a shudder, "I had such an awful nightMISLEADING. F i s h Cakes. mare last night. I dreamed that all the Take equal q u a n t i t i e s of cold poAn etiquette book gives its readers animals from which my new fur coat is this advice: "when a lady and gentleman made were chasing me." tatoes a n d cold fish, free from are walking on the footpath, the lady "But surely you are not afraid of a bone a n d skin. Beat u p a n egg, should walk inside the gentleman." few rabbits, are you, my dear?" asked mix t h o r o u g h l y t o g e t h e r , add * * * * her friend. pepper, salt, finely chopped p a r s ANNOYING. ley, a small piece of dripping, and * * * * She: "Aline's twin brother annoys (if liked) a little n u t m e g . T a k e a A VACANT MIND. her dreadfully." He—"Do you know, my dear, that small portion of t h e m i x t u r e and He: "How?" every night, before going to bed I write form it on a floured b o a r d into a She: "You see, everybody knows they my thought of the day in a diary." small r o u n d cake with t w o k n i v e s ; the twins, and poor Aline h i e s to pass She—"How interesting! How long for twenty-four, but he tells everybody hare yon been doing that?" brush o v e r w i t h t h e evg. Lightly that he is thirty." flour outside, a n d fry a pale brown He—"Only a couple of years." She—"Oh, then, you must have the in hot f a t .

MILKMAID" MILK

fiist page almost full."


9

MEXICAN LEGISLATORS REIECT PLEA OF 80,000 THE BAN ON CLERGY. ALL

C H U R C H E S IN CLOSED.

i

STATE

(N.C.W.C News Service). Mexico City.—A memorial to t h e A fresh instance showing t h a t C h i h u a h u a L e g i s l a t u r e , signed by t h e common people of Mexico are 80,000 Catholic r e s i d e n t s of t h a t not in s y m p a t h y w i t h official perS t a t e a n d a s k i n g t h a t t h e decree secutory acts h a s j u s t occurred in limiting t h e n u m b e r of clergy for t h e S t a t e of Puebla. T h i s is only each denomination be amended, one of a series of incidents t h a t becoming quite general h a s b e e n rejected u n a n i m o u s l y a n d a r e w i t h o u t deliberation or debate. t h r o u g h o u t t h e c o u n t r y a n d give The l a w allows t e n p r i e s t s for t h e t h e lie t o t h e p r o t e s t a t i o n s of t h e e n t i r e S t a t e b u t none h a s been G o v e r n m e n t t h a t t h e r e is no pera u t h o r i z e d t o function a n d for | secution in Mexico b u t t h a t t h e m o n t h s t h e c h u r c h e s of C h i h u a h u a G o v e r n m e n t is m e r e l y fulfilling its obligations w i t h respect t o t h e will have been left w i t h o u t p a s t o r s . of t h e people. Following t h e a d v e r s e action of A s e m i n a r y established by t h e t h e L e g i s l a t u r e , Catholics held a p r o t e s t d e m o n s t r a t i o n in t h e city Rev. Mucio Cortes in t h e t o w n of of C h i h u a h u a . T h i s occurred early Amozoc, w a s s h u t down by t h e one S u n d a y m o r n i n g a f t e r t h e or- F e d e r a l Office of H a c i e n d a for t h a t g a n i z e r s h a d received a s s u r a n c e d i s t r i c t . F a t h e r C o r t e s h a s admitt h a t a peaceable d e m o n s t r a t i o n ted q u i t e readily t h a t h e w a s conwould n o t b e molested. A b o u t t w o d u c t i n g a s e m i n a r y b u t contends m o n t h s ago, a s i m i l a r d e m o n s t r a - t h a t since a s e m i n a r y is a n instition w a s held b y C h i h u a h u a n Ca- t u t i o n f o r professional t r a i n i n g , it tholics a t Ciudad J u a r e z , which is does n o t fall u n d e r t h e provisions j u s t a c r o s s t h e b o r d e r f r o m E l of t h e L a w r e g u l a t i n g t h e amendP a s o . Since it w a s on a holiday, m e n t of Article 3 of t h e Constin o i n t e r f e r e n c e w a s m a d e b y local t u t i o n . officials. A c o m m i t t e e of 300 citizens from A l m o s t simultaneously w i t h t h e t h e t o w n of Amozoc w e n t t o t h e refusal of a S t a t e L e g i s l a t u r e even city of Puebla t o a s k g u a r a n t e e s t o consider a m e n d m e n t of t h e of S t a t e officials on behalf of F a offensive decree, t h e A d m i n i s t r a - t h e r Cortes. T h e y also asked for t i v e C h a m b e r of t h e F e d e r a l Su- t h e removal of t h e head of t h s p r e m e C o u r t h a s h a n d e d down a n municipal government, t h e posta d v e r s e decision which t h r o w s out m a s t e r and t h e land a g e n t a t of c o u r t t h e n u m e r o u s a m p a r o s Amozoc. The Chief of t h e S t a t e interposed by Catholics before v a r i - D e p a r t m e n t of Gobernacion a s s u r ous D i s t r i c t C o u r t s a g a i n s t t h e ed t h e delegation t h a t h e would S t a t e l a w s o r decrees r e g u l a t i n g t a k e t h e m a t t e r of t h e p r i e s t under article 130 of t h e F e d e r a l Consti- consideration b u t t h a t h e could not remove t h e officials from office. tution with respect to t h e authorization of p r i e s t s a n d public worViolence is F e a r e d . ship, a n d a g a i n s t t h e F e d e r a l ConT h e a t t i t u d e of t h e p e a s a n t s of g r e s s , t h e P r e s i d e n t of t h e R e p u b Amozoc is such t h a t a c t s of violic, t h e M i n i s t r y of Gobernacion lence a g a i n s t t h e p e r s o n s of t h e and o t h e r a u t h o r i t i e s b y w h o m t h r e e officials a r e feared if t h e t h e s e e n a c t m e n t s w e r e issued, p r o a u t h o r i t i e s do not remove t h e m . m u l g a t e d a n d p u t i n t o force. C h a r g e s have b e e n m a d e before Citizens' R i g h t s Ignored. t h e Public Ministry of t h e city of T h e opinion r e n d e r e d is t o t h e Tampico t h a t t h e Rev. Rafael effect t h a t "in o r d e r for a law t o E c h e v e r r i a Lopez h a s t h r e a t e n e d be opposed b y m e a n s of a m p a r o , m o t h e r s w i t h ex-communication if t h e r e m u s t be involved a principle t h e y allow t h e i r children t o a t t e n d of i n j u r y to t h o s e complaining, b u t schools w h e r e socialistic education in t h i s case t h e d e m a n d h a s been is i m p a r t e d . So f a r no o r d e r for p r e s e n t e d a g a i n s t P a r a g r a p h 7 of t h e p r i e s t ' s a r r e s t h a s been issued, Article 130 of t h e Constitution,, b u t t h e r e is considerable appreand t h i s does n o t a g g r i e v e Catho- hension on t h e subject a m o n g T a m lics in a n y sense b u t r a t h e r t h o s e pico citizens. p e r s o n s w h o function a s p r i e s t s in D e p u t y Ramon V a r g a s Flores the Federal District and Territop r e s e n t e d t h e opinion of t h e Legisries. F o r t h e s e r e a s o n s t h e Minisl a t u r e of Chihuahua by s a y i n g t h a t t e r s of t h e A d m i n i s t r a t i v e C h a m it w a s perfectly well founded and ber, L u i s M. Calderon, A r t u r o adding t h a t facts indicated t h a t Cisneros Canto, J e s u s Guzman j such p r o t e s t s would a l w a y s be Vaca, J o s e Lopez L i r a and Daniel Valencia, a r e of t h e opinion t h a t coming up in t h e ideological and n e i t h e r t h e L a w opposed nor i t s legislative history of C h i h u a h u a execution violated t h e r i g h t s of t h e and w e r e u n w o r t h y of t h e a t t e n plaintiffs, nor, consequently, do tion of m a t u r e m i n d s . T h i s despite t h e fact t h a t 80,000 signed t h e t h e y occasion p r e j u d i c e s . " petition. He t h e n launched upon I n t h e decision, t h e j u d g e s t h e usual calumniation of t h e blandly ignore t h e fact t h a t t h e clergy and adulation of t h e prolee x t r e m e limitation of p r i e s t s and t a r i a t e . of w o r s h i p w o r k s t h e i n j u r y upon Discontent and concern over t h e citizens t h a t t h e r e b y t h e y a r e de- recently promulgated L a w for t h e prived of t h e practice of t h e i r reli- Nationalization of P r o p e r t y ingion, a r i g h t p r e s u m a b l y g u r a n t e e d creases daily, particularly because t h i s law violates t w o fundamental b y t h e Constitution.

OF

THIS

GENERATION

Yes, good going too . . . Cigarette ? . . . Thanks, but why the cork tip ? . . . O b v i o u s reasons. Child . . . Well, what are they, then ?

Marvellous evening ! . . .

. . . Carerras — the C r a v e n

"A" p e o p l e — declared

w a r o n throat irritation . . . and?. . . sent the b o g e y s k i d d i n g , without, I might add. interfering w i t h the i n n o c e n t pleasure y o u

a n d I, and e v e r y o n e ,

gel

from g o o d tobacco.

It

C R A V E N

A

100% PURE VIRGINIA CORK-TIPPED CIGARETTES

MADE IN LONDON BY CARRERAS LTD.

' EASY=ACCESS ' INNER FOIL WRAPPING makes Craven " A " the easiest cigarette to extract from the packet. The cap comes com* pletely away — no rumbling — the cigarettes < are instantly accessible. ALSO IN TRU-VAC 50 TINS with the FACTORY - FRESHNESS of Craven " A " sealed within the airtight tin, rendering them impervious t o any climate changes. #

CA 106.

MADE

SPECIALLY

TO PREVENT SORE THROATS

principles of C o n s t i t u t i o n a l Law. I t places t h e liberty of conscience a n d t h e l i b e r t y of possessing and h a v i n g t h e use of legitimately acq u i r e d p r o p e r t y a t t h e m e r c y of the Executive Power. T h e fact t h a t a Catholic p r i e s t owns one or m o r e s h a r e s of a b a n k or a n y o t h e r m e r c a n t i l e o r i n d u s t r i a l institution is sufficient for t h e S t a t e to t a k e possession of t h e p r o p e r t y , banking i n s t i t u t i o n or i n d u s t r y by decl a r i n g it nationalized p r o p e r t y . E v e r y o n e in Mexico realizes t h a t t h e motives w h i c h led t o t h e prom u l g a t i o n of t h i s law w e r e concerned w i t h dealing a moral blow to t h e religious beliefs of t h e g r e a t m a j o r i t y of Mexican citizen, u n d e r

t h e guise of e x t i r p a t i n g "Catholic f a n a t i c i s m , " for w h i c h t h e r e would be s u b s t i t u t e d a real fanaticism t h a t is atheistic, m a t e r i a l i s t i c a n d socialistic. T h e articles of t h i s law a r e so filled w i t h radicalism, i t s opponents declare, t h a t its i n t e r p r e t a t i o n a n d application c o n s t i t u t e a r e a l menace t o p r i v a t e o w n e r s h i p in Mexico. S u b o r d i n a t e officials can a r b i t r a r i l y certify a s to t h e c h a r a c t e r a n d t r a n s a c t i o n s of a p r i v a t e corporation or p a r t n e r s h i p , affirming a t t h e i r w h i m t h e public use of e s t a t e s , houses o r b u s i n e s s in some m a n n e r connected w i t h t h e Catho-; lie Religion.


10

M A L A Y A CATHOLIC LEADER, SATURDAY, 7th DECEMBER, 1935. RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION

g r e g a t i o n w a s first f o u n d e d n e a r T h e H a g u e i n 1921 b y t h e R e v . POST FREE FOR MALAYA, B. N. BORNEO J . V a n G i n n e k e r i , S.J. w i t h t h e AND SARAWAK.. a p p r o v a l of t h e Bishop of H a a r 12 Months $6.00 l e m . Like t h e W h i t e Cross of 6 Months .. $3.00 G e r m a n y , t h e M e d i c a l Missionary Society of A m e r i c a a n d t h e C o m FOREIGN. p a n y of St. P a u l , I t a l y the c o n (Straits currency) g r e g a t i o n is t h e o u t c o m e of a n e w 12 M o n t h s $7.00 d e v e l o p m e n t in religious life in 6 Months .. $3.50 t h e C h u r c h . M a n y w o m e n , alive All correspondence and literary t o t h e s p i r i t u a l needs a n d the p a r contributions should be addressed t i c u l a r d a n g e r s of o u r o w n d a y , to The Managing Editor, Rev. h a v e longed t o lead dedicated R. Cardon, 73, Bras Basah Road, lives, like O u r L o r d ' s original Singapore. e n t o u r a g e , a n d while m i x i n g w i t h Tel. 7376, S i n g a p o r e . t h e * w o r l d , t o f o r m p a r t of a religious o r g a n i z a t i o n f r o m w h i c h t o XZXBZX d r a w t h e i r i n s p i r a t i o n , their r u l e of life a n d specific g u i d a n c e i n t h e Saturday, 7th December, 1935. service of G o d .

JJakga Catholic "LAY

APOSTOLATE

FOR LADIES." T h e r e c e n t f o r m a t i o n of a C a t h o l i c A c t i o n Society a m o n g t h e ladies p r o m p t s u s t o r e f e r i n g e n e r a l t e r m s t o t h e aims a n d a c t i v i t i e s of t h e *Grail M o v e m e n t ' ( A l m o s t identical w i t h Catholic A c t i o n ) w h i c h w e feel, m a y i n terest Catholic L a d y Actionists in t h i s p a r t of t h e w o r l d . I t is n o t o u r o b j e c t i n this a r t i c l e t o a t t e m p t t o stir i n t o activity the m e m b e r s of t h e n e w l y f o r m e d s o c i e t y , as w e feel s u r e t h e y are q u i t e conscious of t h e i r o w n d u t y a n d mission. Those w h o are normally eng a g e d i n t r a i n i n g girls i n c o n v e n t schools, are i n t i m e , c o m p e l l e d l i k e t h e p o o r h e n t h a t fosters d u c k l i n g s , t o see t h e i r charges swim away from them on the w a t e r s of life a t t h e m o s t c r i t i c a l t i m e of t h e i r d e v e l o p m e n t . This i n d e p e n d e n t v o y a g e of life is o f t e n f r a u g h t w i t h g r a v e perils p a r t i c u l a r l y i n t h e w o r l d of t o d a y . Flung at once from a warm a t m o s p h e r e of q u i e t p i e t y , i n t o t h e temptations of a n e w world w h o s e aims a n d ideals are o f t e n •opposed, t h e girl w h o is a p p r o a c h i n g w o m a n h o o d finds i t h a r d Zo c l i n g t o t h e r u l e of life t h a t •she h a s b e e n t a u g h t t o h o l d s a c red. Bewildered b y the contrast, a n d intoxicated w i t h her n e w l i b e r t y , o f t e n intensified b y a s u d d e n increase of m o n e y t o s p e n d , s h e is a p t e i t h e r t o lose h e r h e a d completely or to succumb within a y e a r o r so t o t h e l o w ideals o f t h e world. N o w t h e G r a i l M o v e m e n t helps t o off-set these d a n g e r s t o a n a p p r e c i a b l e degree. T h e " G r a i l " is a n o r g a n i s a t i o n w h o s e o b j e c t is t o win the world for Christ, b y e n l i s t i n g t h e y o u n g e r m e m b e r s of t h e " d e v o t e d female sex " i n t h e A p o s t o l a t e . I t is i n f a c t a C a tholic Action m o v e m e n t in a comprehensive form t h o u g h k n o w n in certain European count r i e s as * T h e G r a i l . " T h i s w o r k is u n d e r t a k e n b y t h e " Ladies o f the Grail," k n o w n in Holland, t h e l a n d of its o r i g i n as " t h e W o m e n of N a z a r e t h . " T h e C o n -

I t will be seen f r o m this m o v e m e n t t h a t t h e p u r s u i t of m o r a l p e r f e c t i o n is n o t t h e c o n c e r n o n l y of those w h o are t e c h n i c a l l y " r e l i g i o u s , " f o r these c h i l d r e n t a k e n o v o w s , y e t t h e y are inspired b y t h e e x h o r t a t i o n t o be p e r f e c t "like their Heavenly Father." S i m p l e m e m b e r s h i p of t h e Grail in no w a y presumes future m e m b e r s h i p of t h e C o n g r e g a t i o n , a n y m o r e t h a n a c h i l d h o o d passed in a c o n v e n t school is e x p e c t e d t o r e s u l t i n a religious v o c a t i o n . On t h e c o n t r a r y , m a r r i a g e is looked u p o n as t h e n a t u r a l v o c a t i o n of m o s t of t h e m e m b e r s and c o n siderable a t t e n t i o n is paid t o fitt i n g t h e m t o be t h e m o t h e r s of the future. Like t h e G r a i l o r g a n i s a t i o n , TVC should like t o see t h e L a y A p o s t o l a t e f o r Ladies exercise a s t e a d y i n g influence o v e r o u r girls i n t h e i r f o r m a t i v e years a n d p e r m i t t h e i r c h a r a c t e r t o set i n a C a t h o l i c m o u l d . L e t t h e slogan of t h e G r a i l also be t h e m o t t o and m a x i m of t h e L a d y C a t h o l i c A c tionists: " L e t us be w o m e n again, a n d save ourselves a n d t h e w o r l d b y t h e t r u t h of o u r w o m a n h o o d i n t h e ^dignity of m a i d e n h o o d , motherhood and matronly granduer and n o t b y the stupid att e m p t t o live as m e n a n d b r e a k d o w n t h e barriers w h i c h G o d has set t o distinguish t h e task of w o m a n f r o m t h a t of m e n . " I n t h e official H a n d b o o k o n Catholic Action published in R o m e it is p o i n t e d o u t t h a t t h e field of C a t h o l i c A c t i o n is v e r y vast. N o f o r m of a c t i v i t y need be e x c l u d e d as l o n g as i t belongs i n some m a n n e r t o t h e divine mission of t h e C h u r c h , w h i c h is

t o teach, t o sanctify a n d t o govern.

T h e Catholic

laity

may

collaborate w i t h the Hierarchy, a l t h o u g h n o t s h a r i n g in all t h e prerogatives, in the first two c o m m a n d s of this mission: n a m e ly to teach and to sanctify." T h e H a n d b o o k divides C a t h o l i c A c t i o n u n d e r some of t h e following heads: ( 1 ) Religious Activities (2) Cultural Activities (3) C h a r i t a b l e a n d Missionary A c t i vities ( 4 ) A c t i v i t i e s c o n n e c t e d w i t h t h e F a m i l y a n d School. I n all these b r a n c h e s of C a t h o l i c A c t i o n w o m a n ' s share far e x -

NOTES A N D COMMENTS OUTSTANDING CATHOLIC AUTHORS OF THE PRESENT D A Y — A N ADDITION T O T H E MISSION— THE UNITED FRONT. O u t s t a n d i n g Catholic A u t h o r s of t h e present day. A N American Catholic j o u r n a l h a s launched a plebescUe to d e t e r m i n e t h e leading Catholic A u t h o r s living a t t h e present^ day w h o s e literary a c h i e v e m e n t s would entitle t h e m to a place a m o n g t h e ' g r e a t ' w r i t e r s of to-day. The selection is t o be made from E n g l i s h a u t h o r s and from prom i n e n t m e n of l i t e r a r y f a m e in foreign p a r t s w h o a r e known to E n g l i s h r e a d e r s either t h r o u g h t h e i r English w o r k s or t h r o u g h t r a n s l a t i o n s of t h e i r works in t h e m o t h e r tongue- W h e n we exa m i n e carefully t h e claims of our Catholic w r i t e r s t o distinction, in t h e i r c o n t r i b u t i o n s t o belles lettres we a r e confronted by a n imposing a r r a y of n a m e s , b r i g h t l y resplend e n t s t a r s of t h e first m a g n i t u d e , which form a n u n m a t c h e d constellation in t h e l i t e r a r y g a l a x y in w h i c h we move. T h e prominent places held by Catholics in t h e r e a l m s of L i t e r a t u r e , s t a n d f o r t h a s a c h i e v e m e n t s of which every Catholic m a y j u s t l y feel proud. Maurice Baring, Christopher Dawson, Alfred Noyes, Ronald Knox, Helen Parry Eden, Chesterton, Belloc, D. B. Wyndham Lewis, J. B. Morton, Douglas Woodruff, Evelyn Waugh, Christopher Hollis, Shane Leslie, Arnold Lunn, Sir Philip Gibbs, Paul Bourget, Henri Gheon, Paul Claudel, Maritain, Francois Mauriac, Jorgensen, Sigrid Undset, Papini, Gertrude von le Fort, Henri Bourdeaux, Sheila Kaye-Smith, Daniel Corkery. Eric Gill, Compton Mackenzie and Padraic Colum.

These a r e some of t h e n a m e s well-known t o E n g l i s h Readers, w h o h a v e b r o u g h t glory t o t h e i r religion, a n d w h o s t a n d a s lively refutations of t h e c h a r g e of ignorance b r o u g h t a g a i n s t the C h u r c h . M a n y of t h e m ?ire household words a m o n g Catholics, with non-Catholics - t h e y command respect and a t t e n t i o n .

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A n Addition t o t h e Mission. W I T H t h e ordination t o t h r priesthood of Revs. R. A s h n e s s a n d P . V o n g on t h e feast of St. F r a n c i s Xavier, a f u r t h e r addition w a s m a d e t o t h e clergy of t h e Mission. T h e t w o newly ordained a r e s u r e t o be welcomed by t h e overworked clergy of t h i s diocese, fields w h e r e t h e h a r v e s t indeed is g r e a t b u t t h e la bourers few. Coming t h e n t o t h e question of vocations t o t h e priesthood it is encouraging t o n o t e t h a t t h e n u m b e r h a s been slowly increasing, a n d t h e b a t c h w h i c h will leave t h e Minor S e m i n a r y a t Serangoon for P e n a n g a t t h e end of t h i s y e a r is expected t o be a l a r g e one. B u t unless t h e p r e s e n t s t a t e of affairs continues, it will b e difficult t o cope w i t h t h e w o r k ahead, a n d so ceeds m a n ' s . W e h a v e reason t o h o p e t h a t t h e G r a i l spirit will characterise t h e w o r k of t h e lady Actionists a n d infuse n e w life a n d e n e r g y i n t o all t h e i r u n d e r t a k ings. T h e good old a d a g e — ' t h e h a n d t h a t r o c k s t h e cradle rules t h e w o r l d / is n o idle s a y i n g ; b u t w e w o u l d like t o see it in p r a c tice a c c o r d i n g t o t r u e C h r i s t i a n principles.

it o u g h t t o be t h e p r a y e r of each one to t h e Lord of t h e H a r v e s t t h a t he send f o r t h l a b o u r e r s into his h a r v e s t . We c o n g r a t u l a t e t h e newly ordained p r i e s t s on t h e achievement of t h e i r ideal and wish t h e m a fruitful a n d successful m i n i s t r y in t h e i r v a r i o u s fields. * * * * * T h e United F r o n t . O U C H is t h e new b a n n e r under ^ which t h e C o m m u n i s t I n t e r national seeks t o entice various bodies t o join h a n d s w i t h it against its g r e a t e s t menace— fascism. The communist party does n o t m a k e t h e a b a n d o n m e n t of religion a condition of joining t h e p a r t y , even t h o u g h it carries on education work w h i c h is antir e l i g i o u s ; t h e t e s t for m e m b e r s h i p is w h e t h e r such people r e p r e s e n t t h e social a s p i r a t i o n s of t h e m a s s es which m a y t a k e on a religious form, b u t which a r e essentially social rebellion. Bolshevik doctrinaires w h o once revolted a t t h e idea of collaborating with the more moderate elements, now in t h e i r death struggle with "Fascist reaction" court t h e graces and co-opea^ion of Socialists, t r a d e - u n i o n i s t s and left liberal groups- B u t w i t h a m a zing c a n d o u r a n d n a i v e t e t h e y acknowledge t h a t such a union would only b e a marriage de conveyance t o be a b a n d o n e d when t h e y t h i n k t h e t i m e r i p e t o strike. T h e y a r e willing, c o n t r a r y t o t h e i r f o r m e r practice, t o s e r v e in proletarian but non-communist g o v e r n m e n t s and t o a s s u m e t h e i r s h a r e of responsibility in t h e fight a g a i n s t fascism. W h e n t h e Socialist, u n i v e r s i t y s t u d e n t s a n d o t h e r s h a v e served t h e needs of t h e passing h o u r t h e y a r e t o b e left t o t h e i r own devices for s a f e t y in t h e e n s u i n g whirl which t h e y have helped t o produce. F o r t h e first t i m e in h i s t o r y , it a p p e a r s , a Comm u n i s t m e m b e r h a s been elected to the English parliament. THOUGHTS OF MANY MINDS. A proud m a n is seldom a kind m a n . H u m i l i t y m a k e s us kind, a n d k i n d n e s s m a k e s u s humbele. To give Our Lord o u r frank sorrow for o u r w r e t c h e d n e s s , and t h e n let it t r o u b l e us n o m o r e , is true humility.

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T h e h e a r t of O u r S a v i o u r is of such g r e a t goodness t h a t He desires m o r e t o d i s p e n s e His g r a c e s t o :us t h a n we do t o receive t h e m . — S t . A u g u s t i n e . • * * * T h e s t o r y of God's h e r o e s is a s t o r y of good h a b i t s . T h e y whose n a m e s w e r e a d in o u r L i t a n i e s did not become secure in holiness all a t once. T h e m a n n e r m o s t pleasing t o God for keeping ourselves in His holy presence is t o e n t e r i n t o t h e H e a r t of J e s u s a n d confide t o H i m all c a r e of ourselves.—B. M a r g a r e t Mary.

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T h e h e a r t which u n i t e s itself t o t h e h e a r t of God cannot p r e v e n t itself from loving a n d m e e k l y accepti n g t h e a r r o w s launched a g a i n s t it by t h e h a n d of God.—St. F r a n c i s de Sales.


MALAYA CHRISTIAN CHARITY'S H E R O E S E X T O L L E D IN T H E 'CATHOLIC HOUR/ MGR. Q U I N N DESCRIBES HEROISM OF FR. DAMIEN, BROTHER DUTTON, A N D SISTER MARIANNE. New York. " TTEROES of C h r i s t i a n C h a r i t y " were extolled by t h e Rt. Rev. Mgr. William Q u i n n in his a d d r e s s over t h e "Catholic H o u r . " T h e "Catholic H o u r " is b r o a d cast over a n e t w o r k of t h e N a t i o n a l Broadcasting C o m p a n y through Station W E A F , h e r e , and is p r o duced by t h e N a t i o n a l Council of Catholic Men. Describing t h e lives and w o r k of F a t h e r Damien, B r o t h e r D u t t o n , and Sister M a r i a n n e , Monsignor Quinn t e r m e d t h e missionary religious "heroic saintly men and women who h a v e everlastingly consecrated t h e m s e l v e s to t h e alleviation of suffering mankind, whose v e r y lives a r e a real h u m a n holocaust v o l u n t a r i l y and c o u r a geously placed upon t h e a l t a r of afflicted h u m a n i t y . " L a b o u r e d for Afflicted. "If I were a s k e d t o d a y t o recall a n a m e p a r excellence from t h e r o s t e r of C h r i s t i a n h e r o e s , " t h e Speaker continued, " t h e r e v e r e d n a m e of F a t h e r Damien, a h u m b l e Belgian p e a s a n t priest, would come trippingly t o m y lips. He i t w a s who became t h e Apostle t o t h e lepers of Molokai and for fifteen long y e a r s lived and laboured for h i s afflicted people. After t h r e e y e a r s of Christ-like service a m o n g s t them, he himself contracted the d e v a s t a t i n g m a l a d y a n d for t w e l v e painful y e a r s t h e r e a f t e r h e continued his daily m i n i s t r a t i o n s , u n til one sad d a y t h i s Grim D i s e a s e finally conquered a n o t h e r l e p e r — D a m i e n died a h e r o of C h r i s t i a n charity "Robert L o u i s Stevenson, w h o was not a Catholic, also p a i d a glowing t r i b u t e t o t h e b r a v e r y , t h e sacrifice a n d t h e perseverence of t h i s courageous Apostle W a l t e r Gibson, Minister of F o r e i g n Affairs and P r e s i d e n t of t h e Board of H e a l t h in Hawaii, c o m m e n t i n g on D a m i e n ' s life of sacrifice for t h e lepers, s a i d : 'We c a r e not w h a t t h i s m a n ' s theology m a y be, h e is surely a C h r i s t i a n h e r o / . . . . " B u t D a m i e n ' s theology w a s t h e theology of t h e Catholic C h u r c h . His theology w a s t h a t of C h r i s t ' s sermon on t h e M o u n t — a t h e o l o g y founded on love for o u r fellowmen . out of love f o r God. I t w a s t h e same theology t h a t sent to D a m i e n a noble successor a n d h e l p e r in t h s person of I r a D u t t o n , a n A m e rican, who l a t e r became k n o w n a s B r o t h e r J o s e p h . A convert t o t h e Catholic C h u r c h a t t h e a g e of forty, B r o t h e r J o s e p h , like F a t h e r Damien, devoted h i s e n t i r e life t h e r e a f t e r t o t h e cause of t h e leper. A f t e r f o r t y y e a r s of such service and, devotion, B r o t h e r J o seph died p e r s e v e r i n g t o t h e v e r y end—a faithful apostle of D a m i e n , a t r u e h e r o of C h r i s t i a n c h a r i t y . t

E r e c t e d Suitable M o n u m e n t . " T h e r e is y e t t h e n a m e of a n o t h e r h e r o of C h r i s t i a n charity which p e r h a p s is not so universally known as t h e n a m e s of Damien and D u t t o n . A n d y e t in t h e i r pioneer days a t Molokai, t h i s saintly wom a n and h e r t w o s i s t e r companions laboured side b y side with t h e s e two apostles of t h e South Pacific. I t w a s only a f t e r t h i r t y y e a r s or more of indescribable sacrifice aii3 unsepeakable h a r d s h i p t h a t s h e

CATHOLIC L E A D E R ,

SATURDAY,

7th DECEMBER, 1935.

GOSPEL

DIOCESE OF MALACCA. Calendar for t h e week.

for

T H E SECOND SUNDAY OF ADVENT, ( T h e I m m a c u l a t e Conception of

11

t h e B.V.M.).

(Luke, 1, 26.) At t h a t t i m e , t h e a n g e l Gabriel was s e n t from God into a city of Galilee, called N a z a r e t h , t o a virgin espoused t o a m a n whose n a m e w a s Joseph, of t h e house of David; and t h e virgin's n a m e w a s Mary. A n d t h e angel being c o m e in, said u n t o h e r : Hail, full of grace, t h e Lord is w i t h t h e e ; blessed a r t t h o u a m o n g women. COMMENTARY. • * Divine Providence, which o r d e r s t a l l t h i n g s wisely, h a s in I t s a r r a n g e m e n t s of t h e L i t u r g y of t h e T Church so disposed, t h a t t h e F e a s t • of t h e I m m a c u l a t e Conception of t t h e ever-blessed M o t h e r of God J should occur in t h e e a r l y p a r t of J t h e holy season of A d v e n t . The • fitness of such a n a r r a n g e m e n t a t • once p r e s e n t s and r e c o m m e n d s itI s e l f to u s . F o r , a s A d v e n t is o u r { t i m e of p r e p a r a t i o n for welcoming • t h e Only-begotten Son of God, on i t h e occasion of H i s b i r t h into t h i s I world, t h e I m m a c u l a t e Conception J o f t h e V i r g i n M o t h e r of t h a t Son I m a d e m a n w a s one of t h e p r e p a r a t o r y a c t s upon t h e p a r t of t h e E t e r n a l F a t h e r , w h e n H e designed t h e wonderful m y s t e r y of t h e I n c a r n a t i o n , a n d decreed t h a t t h e W o r d should b e m a d e F l e s h a n d should dwell a m o n g u s . I m m a c u l a t e Conception. W h a t we mean by t h e Immaculate Conception a s a r e a l i t y t o Our Lad y , u p o n w h o m developed t h e office of M a t e r n i t y t o t h e W o r d m a d e F l e s h , is simply t h i s . S h e w a s conceived w i t h o u t s i n : n o t merely b o r n w i t h o u t s i n ; b u t a t t h a t e a r l i e r period which precedes b i r t h , w h e n e v e r t h a t period m a y be, in w h i c h in a h u m a n b e i n g t h e rational soul is infused into t h e body w h i c h is fitted t o receive it. a t t h e i n s t a n t of t h e infusion of ^ h e r soul into h e r body, t h e s t a i n t o f sin w h i c h a t such a m o m e n t aftfects others, was, through the • m e r i t s of h e r Son, w i t h h e l d from h e r . T h u s , a s t h e C h u r c h s a y s in t h e GMlefct of t h i s Fe#iv£tl, Al! m i g h t y God, t h r o u g h t h e f o r e s i g h t of t h e d e a t h of H i s Son preserved t h e M o t h e r from every s t a i n of • sin. S h e alone h a s t h i s privilege. Of course, t h e conception of J e s u s Our Lord was more t h a n Immaculate, I t w a s Divine. Original Sin. T h r o u g h t h e fall of o u r first p a r e n t s , "sin, which b y one m a n came i n t o t h i s world," w a s t r a n s m i t t e d t o t h e d e s c e n d a n t s of Adam, " i n w h o m all h a v e sinned." T h e r e f o r e we all h a v e t o s a y w i t h t h e P s a l m i s t : "for behold I w a s conceived in iniquity, a n d in sins did m y m o t h e r conceive m e . " W h e t h e r or n o t t h i s m a y seem t o u s a v e r y s e v e r e visitation upon us, t h e f a c t is, t h a t sin is t r a n s mitted, a n d i t s s t a i n is contracted by each of u s a t t h e m o m e n t in which w e receive our personal existence, a n d become children of tAdam. But the Church teaches 1 us, t h a t a s before t h e law of t h e ! t r a n s m i s s i o n lof sin w a s decreed

| and c a m e into operation, M a r y had been a l r e a d y predestined t o be t h e Mother of H i m by w h o m sin was t o be removed, she w a s exempt on t h e principle affirmed by St. Paul, ; in t h e s a m e place in which he ; speaks of t h e introduction of sin ; into t h e world, namely, t h a t "sin ; was not i m p u t e d when t h e law was | not." T h e contagion of sin never ! touched h e r ; and so a t h e r Conception, by h e r destiny in t h e decrees of God, s h e was I m m a c u l a t e .

finally received e t e r n a l r e s t from h e r daily l a b o u r s a m i d s t t h e r a v a ges of leprosy. S i s t e r M a r i a n n e — a n u n of t h e F r a n c i s c a n Order, whose convent, a t S y r a c u s e , N e w York, is still staffing t h e colony— shall e v e r be r e m e m b e r e d by t h e lepers of Molokai. A s a n eternal expression of g r a t i t u d e , t h e y h a v e erected on t h e Isle a suitable monum e n t t o t h e m e m o r y of t h i s 'Angle of C h r i s t i a n M e r c y / " W h e n R o b e r t Louis S t e v e n s o n

visited Molokai, it w a s S i s t e r Maria n n e a n d h e r s i s t e r co-labourers who conducted him on h i s t o u r of the leprosarium " D a m i e n , Dutton, M a r i a n n e — P r i e s t , b r o t h e r , sister, of t h e Catholic C h u r c h — a noble t r i n i t y of C h r i s t i a n h e r o e s — t r u e apostles of t h e t r u e C h r i s t — w o r t h y predecessors of t h e t h o u s a n d s of o t h e r heroic m i s s i o n a r y p r i e s t s b r o t h e r s , and s i s t e r s , w h o h a v e since carried on a n d a r e a t p r e s e n t faithfully

The privilege. We can well imagine t h a t t h e I m m a c u l a t e Conception is everyt h i n g t o O u r Lady. A s m o t h e r of t h e I n c a r n a t e Word, s h e h d d a position peculiarly h e r own, and essentially different from that which a n y o t h e r h u m a n being can hold. If O u r Lord w a s destined t o b e born, a s H e w a s , H e could have h a d b u t one M o t h e r . And this one M o t h e r is t h e M o t h e r of Him, w h o is t o all of u s t h e source of Grace, a n d Merit, a n d Glory. Grace comes upon o t h e r s a f t e r sin h a s first claimed possession of t h e m : h e r exception w a s , t h a t Grace claimed i t s place in h e r soul a t t h e first m o m e n t of h e r existence. H e r Son m e r i t e d t h i s exception for h e r ; a n d hence t h e glory of h e r being conceived without sin. T o h a v e been m e r e l y born w i t h o u t sin would n o t h a v e been an exception in h e r own case alone; for t h e p r o p h e t J e r e m i a s and t h e p r e c u r s o r of O u r Lord, St. John t h e B a p t i s t , s h a r e d in t h i s exception. S o m e t h i n g itf ore w a s apportioned t o h e r ; a n d sin, which for a t i m e h a d touched t h e s e two privileged souls, t h o u g h removed from t h e m , before b i r t h , never touched h e r for a single i n s t a n t , and so s h e s t a n d s alone in h e r a b solute exemption from t h e stain of sin. The F e a s t . T h e F e s t i v a l of t h e I m m a c u l a t e Conception of t h e Blessed Virgin Mary is t o u s , a s t o t h e Holy Mot h e r of God, a reality. I t i n s t r u c t s , it comforts, it exalts a n d encourages u s . I t helps u s on in o u r Advent w o r k of p r e p a r a t i o n a n d is c o n t r i b u t i n g solidly a n d practically t o o u r efforts t o w a r d s gaining t h e blessings which a r e held out to u s . A n d let us r e m e m b e r now a question of the Catechism:— " W h y does t h e C h u r c h show such honour t o t h e Blessed Virgin M a r y ? " L e t us m e d i t a t e on t h e answer: "Because s h e is t h e I m m a c u l a t e Mother o f G o d J

December 8. S u n d a y — 2 n d S u n d a y in A d v e n t . The imma«cuate Conception of t h e B . V. M. M a s s a n d Vespers of t h e F e a s t . December 9. Monday—Of t h e Octa v e of t h e I m m a c u l a t e Conception. December 10. Tuesday—Octave D a y of S t . F r a n c i s Xavier. December 11. Wednesday—St. D a m a s u s , P . and C. December 12. T h u r s d a y — O t h e Octave. December 13. F r i d a v — S t - Lucy, V. and M. December 14 S a t u r d a y — O f t h e Octave. r

DIOCESE OF MACAO. C H U R C H O F ST. J O S E P H . Calendar for t h e week. December 8. S u n d a y — T h e i m m a c u l a t e Conception of t h e B . V. M. W h i t e v e s t m e n t s . Double of t h e F i r s t cl. w i t h O c t a v e . P r o p e r of t h e Mass in t h e "Small Missal" p . 241. Second collect of t h e S u n d a y . Preface of t h e B. V. M. L a s t Gospel of t h e Sunday, p. 62. Vespers of t h e B.V.M. a t 5. Solemn I n a u g u r a t i o n of t h e Sodality of o u r L a d y of t h e R o s a r y of F a t i m a for boys and y o u n g m e n a t 3.30 p.m. December 9. Monday—Of t h e octa v e of t h e I m m a c u l a t e Conception. Semi-double. December 10. T u e s d a y — Octave d a y of St. F r a n c i s Xavier. G r e a t e r Double. December 11. Wednesday — St. D a m a s u s , Pope. Semi-double. December 12. T h u r s d a y — O f t h e octave of t h e I m m a c u l a t e Conception. Semi-double. December 13. Friday—-St Lucia, Virgin and Martyr. Double. Abstinence. E v e n i n g service a t 5.30. December 14. S a t u r d a y — O f t h e octave of t h e I m m a c u l a t e Conception. Semi-double.

{

c a r r y i n g on t h e g r e a t work which t h e y had so nobly begun. " A y , yes, p e r h a p s t h e m o d e r n sceptic m a y sneer, t h e m a t e r i a l i s t laugh, to scorn t h e heroic deeds of these consecrated apostles of c h a r i t y ; t h e y m a y ironically claim t h a t in t h e i r sacrifices t h e y h a v e given up e v e r y t h i n g for n o t h i n g — w h e r e a s t h e s e faithful, devoted apostles of C h r i s t would w i t h s i n c e r i t y r e t o r t t h a t in reality fKey h a d given up n o t h i n g for e v e r y thing. C a r i n g For 25,000 Lepers. " T h e Catholic C h u r c h a t t h e p r e s e n t t i m e is c a r i n g for o v e r 25,000 lepers in t h e leper colonies of t h e world. H e r m i s s i o n a r i e s a r c in c h a r g e of a p p r o x i m a t e l y 107 leper a s y l u m s a n d additional d i s pensaries, including t h e leper colony a t Sheklung, t h e l a r g e s t i n s t i t u t i o n of its kind in China, if not in t h e e n t i r e world "Like t h e Catholic C h u r c h h e r self,Catholic c h a r i t y is indeed u n i versal. I t k n o w s no p a r t i c u l a r clime—it h a s n o definite l i m i t a tions. H e r heroic self-sacrificing missionaries a r e found on e v e r y f r o n t i e r from t h e frozen A r c t i c shorffc t o t h e s u n baked lands of t h e S o u t h Pacific. W h e r e m i s e r y , p o v e r t y , a n d h u m a n suffering, i s a t i t s w o r s t — h e r e t h e s e Apostles of c h a r i t y will be found a t t h e i r b e s t e x t e n d i n g t h e h a n d of C h r i s t i a n m e r c y t o all, regardless o f colour, race, or creed "


12

UNEMPLOYMENT FETISH

|)

Nations Sieving Ifc^Pwhleii, With War By . F . .H. .Drinkwater. I t is fitting in every w a y t h a t D r . Schacht, G e r m a n y ' s finance minist e r from America, colleague of Hitler a n d friend of Mr. M o n t a g u e N o r m a n , should be t h e one t o b l u r t out openly t h e connection b e t w e e n u n e m p l o y m e n t , finance a n d w a r . "Re-armament and military t r a i n i n g , " he b o a s t s , " h a v e done more t h a n any other factors t o reduce u n e m p l o y m e n t in t h i s country." Mussolini s a y s t h e s a m e , not in w o r d s b u t in a c t i o n s . With a million y o u n g m e n gone, or going, t o c a m p a i g n in A f r i c a n d e s e r t s , and t h e r e s t of I t a l y w o r k i n g t o equip t h e m , t h e I t a l i a n unemploym e n t p r o b l e m m u s t be n e a r l y o u t of s i g h t . O u r o w n g o v e r n m e n t , in i t s own m u d d l i n g w a y , does t h e s a m e . T h e comparative prosperity t h a t many p a r t s of E n g l a n d a r e enjoying, a n d t h e p r e s e n t boom in i n d u s t r i a l s h a r e s , a r e due a l m o s t entirely t o p r e p a r a t i o n s for (or a g a i n s t ) w a r fare. L a s t y e a r t h e world's expendit u r e on a r m a m e n t s increased b y 125 millions up t o a t o t a l of 1,225 . millions; so s a y s t h e L e a g u e of N a t i o n s " A r m a m e n t s Y e a r Book." T h i s y e a r , of course, it will go f a r beyond t h a t figure. Money i s no obstacle. All t h e c o u n t r i e s a r e discovering n o w t h a t the money-reformers are right, and t h a t a n y c o u n t r y c a n c r e a t e a s m u c h m o n e y a s it likes f o r i n t e r nal p u r p o s e s , so long a s i t keeps w i t h i n i t s n a t i o n a l r e s o u r c e s of r a w m a t e r i a l s , etc. I t a l y , G e r m a n y , J a p a n , a r e all u s i n g t h e i r n a t i o n a l credit t o c r e a t e t h e m o n e y t h e y need, t h o u g h , u n f o r t u n a t e l y , n o t u s i n g it in w a y s t h a t will benefit t h e i r p o o r e r citizens m u c h . E v e n o u r own g o v e r n m e n t — w o n d e r of w o n d e r s ! — n o w g o e s about s a y i n g t h a t "finance need be n o o b s t a c l e " t o public w o r k s t h a t would relieve u n e m p l o y m e n t , t h o u g h i t h a s n o t y e t g o t t o t h e point of d o i n g m u c h a b o u t it. G o v e r n m e n t s k n o w h o w t o find t h e m o n e y all r i g h t . B u t t h e y will not i s s u e i t a s c o n s u m e r s ' m o n e y . Only f o r production. Only a s a w a g e for work. Those w h o h a v e no w o r k m u s t h a v e n o money, except w h a t is t a k e n f r o m workers. •

O u r Household and Kitchen t R e q u i s i t e s will b r i n g delight t o t every H o m e . HOON

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H e r e is some m o r e enlightenm e n t : "I frankly admit that with all our l a b o u r s we h a v e not succeeded in t u r n i n g G e r m a n y i n t o a p a r a d i s e . W e could not do i t — but we did not w a n t t o do i t ! "

Horlick's is pleasing to the palate, appetizing, refreshing and sustaining. It is easily prepared, and is especially useful where frequent, small, light, easily digested meals are indicated. Ordinarily, Horlick's requires mixing with water only; it is, however, an excellent medium for the addition of milk, cream; eggs or similar articles t o the dietary.

So t h e r e you h a v e it—Goebbels and S c h a c h t b e t w e e n t h e m spill t h e whole sack of b e a n s . Unemploym e n t m u s t be " r e m e d i e d , " b u t you m u s t not give t h e unemployed money, b e c a u s e t h a t would set t h e m f r e e ; you m u s t give t h e m work. T h e r e i s n o o r d i n a r y w o r k t o give t h e m , b e c a u s e t h e m a c h i n e does it a l l ; consequently you m u s t give t h e m w a r - w o r k .

THE

W a r - w o r k solves t h e whole p r o blem because i t goes on for e v e r w i t h o u t really p r o d u c i n g a n y t h i n g except a h e a p of corpses n o w a n d t h e n — a n d even t h a t m e a n s f e w e r unemployed.

I s t h a t really w h a t you w a n t , Catholic r e a d e r ? No, anybody c a n sec t h a t i t is criminal i n s a n i t y . C a n ' t you u n d e r s t a n d , t h e n , t h a t t h e r e is only one a l t e r n a t i v e t o it, and t h a t is t o issue m o n e y — d i r e c t ly for t h e c o n s u m e r a s s u c h — a social dividend in some f o r m or other? A t any r a t e , b e clear about t h i s , for t h e r e is n o t t h e slightest s h a dow of doubt a b o u t it any l o n g e r : if you insist t h a t t h e r e m e d y for unemployment is work, work alone, work at all costs, t h e n w h a t you aro a s k i n g for i s — w a r ! (Catholic Herald, London.)

ANIMISM LOSING GROUND IN INDIA. Bombay. J N t h e t e n y e a r s from 1921 to 1931, a n i m i s m , t h e religion of t h e primitive t r i b e s . o f India, lost one and a half million a d h e r e n t s . This r e p r e s e n t s a 15 p e r cent decrease. "All over I n d i a " , writes t h e editor of t h e B o m b a y E x a m i n e r , " t h e primitive t r i b e s are, in point of religion, a t t h e cross-roads. A n i m i s m c a n n o t hold its o w n ; it is yielding t o Islam, to Christianity, and chiefly t o H i n d u i s m . " In t h e opinion of t h e s a m e w r i t e r , m o s t of t h e s e former a d h e r e n t s of a n i m i s m would now be Catholics, h a d t h e y found catechists t o receive and i n s t r u c t them. T h e n u m b e r of animists in India in 1931 w a s e s t i m a t e d a t 8,280,000. (Lumen-Fides).

| N G ILLNESS CONVALESCENC HE accumulated experience of over half a century shows Horlick's to be an ideal diet during illness and convalescence Horlick's is made from fresh full-cream cow's milk combined .with the nutritive extracts of wheat and malted barley. It contains no starch, and a certain proportion of its protein is available for direct assimilation. Its ease of digestion and assimilation; and its ready utilization in the body have been proved by actual physiological experiments.

Nazi M i n i s t e r ' s View. Listen t o t h i s : " I t is not t h e job of m a n k i n d t o live in an e a r t h l y paradise. H i s t a s k is t o s t r u g g l e , t o work, t o e a r n h i s daily b r e a d . " W ho said t h a t ? Sounds like some bishop or dean, you t h i n k ? N o t a t all—it w a s D r . Goebbels, nazi m i n i s t e r of e n l i g h t e n m e n t and propaganda.

Criminal Insanity. E v e r y b o d y else is satisfied; above all F i n a n c e is able t o keep i t s control a n d d r a y its r e g u l a r t o l l of i n t e r e s t on all m o n e y issued.

U R

ORIGINAL MALTED MILK Available Everywhere

MOSLEMS A N D H I N D U S H E A R S E R M O N ON T H E BLESSED SACRAMENT.

OUR

LADY

OF

GUADALUPE. Designated Patroness of

Tuticorin (India).—Twenty-five t h o u s a n d Indian Catholics, including t h r e e bishops, 60 p r i e s t s a n d more t h a n 100 religious, took p a r t in a E u c h a r i s t i c Procession t h r o u g h t h e s t r e e t s of Tuticorin October 13. The occasion w a s t h e Silver Jubilee of t h e Ordination of t h e Most Rev. F r a n c i s T. Roche, S.J., B i s h o p of Tuticorin. In t h e middle of t h e town Benediction of t h e Blessed S a c r a m e n t was given t o t h e kneeling multitudes f r o m a t e m p o r a r y altar, and a sermon w a s preached bv t h e Bishop on t h e Text. "There hath stood one in t h e m i d s t of you, whom you know n o t . " Non-Catholics, Moslems and Hindus followed t h e procession in g r e a t n u m b e r and h e a r d t h e Bishop's discourse. A t t h e end of t h e ceremony Bishop Roche consecrated t h e Diocese of Tuticorin to t h e Sacred H e a r t s of J e s u s and Mary. (Fides).

Philippines. Manila. J J I S Holiness Pope P i u s X I in a recent decree declared the Blessed Virgin M a r y u n d e r her special title of Our L a d y of Guadalupe to be t h e heavenly P a t r o n e s s of t h e Philippine Islands. The document r e a d s in p a r t a s follows: "In t h e l e t t e r s of petition which t h e A r c h b i s h o p of Manila and the Philippines a n d also O u r Apostolic Delegate h a v e jointly p r e s e n t e d to us in t h e n a m e of t h e i r clergy and faithful, we h a v e seen w i t h much joy of soul a n e x t r a o r d i n a r y evidence of g r e a t love for t h e Virgin Mother of God a m o n g t h e people of t h e dioceses of t h e Philippine Islands. " F r o m t h e s e l e t t e r s we have definitely learned t h a t t h e people of t h e s e Islands e a r n e s t l y desire t h a t We proclaim t h e Most Blessed Virgin t h e heavenly P a t r o n e s s of t h e s e Islands under t h e t i t l e of ! Guadalupe, since s h e is held in g r e a t honour and v e n e r a t i o n under t h i s s a m e title in t h e r e g i o n s of • New Spain, now C e n t r a l America, whence missionaries w e n t f o r t h to t h e Philippine Islands bringing j with t h e m t h e laws and c u s t o m s of Christian c i v i l i z a t i o n . . . " W e a r e disposed t o g r a n t the petition. . . and W e define and declare t h e Blessed Virgin Mary, I under t h e aforesaid title of Guadalupe, to be before God the heavenly P a t r o n e s s of t h e Philippine Islands. Wherefore, W e command t h a t all liturgical r i g h t s and i privileges which a r e p r o p e r t o such ' p a t r o n a g e shall be bestowed." ;

A

N E W ORDINARY SARAWAK.

FOR

Rome.—The Very Rev. Alois H o p f g a r t n e r of t h e Mill-Hill F a t h e r s , h a s been n a m e d Prefect Apostolic of S a r a w a k , Borneo. His nomination is given in a decree issued b y t h e Sacred Congregation of P r o p a g a n d a Fide N o v e m b e r 8, 1935. The new Prefect Apostolic succeds t h e l a t e Msgr. E d m u n d Dunn, of Dublin, who died a t sea in December 1933 while r e t u r n i n g to Europe. H e was 76 y e a r s of a g e and h a d been in Borneo 52 y e a r s . (Fides).

(Lumen-La

Defensa).


13 lu

LFLILJLILJLLLILILILIUFL.LL.LL.LL.FL.IL. ?C

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T N " G O D ' S own c o u n t r y " it w a s sound. A little girl of nine enALL KINDS O F CAKES FOR C H R I S T M A S A N D N E W Y E A R ** S p r i n g . Spring, w i t h t h e deli- t e r e d — a pale replica of herself C A N BE MADE T O O R D E R . cate lace broidery of budding as s h e m u s t h a v e looked in Life's Proprietor: 'Phone leaves t r a c e d a g a i n s t t h e t e n d e r first dawn, w i t h h e r deep violet blue of t h e May-day s k y , w i t h t h e eves unshadowed, t h e J o s e p h Chong Sin Tong. rippling 7 8 4 3 . hills a n d uplands s t a r r e d w i t h I brown h a i r untouched, t h e m o u t h -early flowers—with t h e brooklets still sweet a n d unlined. g u r g l i n g joyfully t h r o u g h g r a s s y " M a m a , m a m a , " 6he called, " a 3ven t o h e a r its plaintive music could not mean w h a t t h e y seemed iow. W h e n she looked around to tell. hollows a n d t h e full-fed s t r e a m s letter, m a m a — t h e m a n g a v e it to sweeping in newfound freedom t o me on t h e s t e p s — a l e t t e r for you." a g a i n , t h e last s n o w y g a r m e n t H e r A u n t Selina, w h o h a d dist h e sea. S p r i n g , with t h e o r c h a r d s " Y e s , d a r l i n g ! " T h e m o t h e r ' s done, Maysie was asleep. So wan, owned h e r forever on h e r m a r r i a g e abloom a n d t h e rich b r o w n e a r t h face kindled and lightened, t h o u g h w h i t e , lifeless, w a s t h e little face t o Waited M a r r , w a s d e a d — i n t e s u p t u r n e d for t h e p l a n t i n g , and all she did not s t o p h e r work. " P u t pillowed on t h e t h i n a r m , t h a t t h e t a t e ; t h a t to all h e r p r o p e r t y , real N a t u r e a t h r i l l w i t h g l a d , abound- it on t h e table, M a y s i e ; it is t h £ m o t h e r s t a r t e d up, w i t h a b r e a t h - and personal, stocks, bonds, m o r t less f r i g h t in h e r h e a r t , t o feel g a g e s , she — A u d r e y M a r r — w a s i n g life. ictice for o u r rent. I will h a v e t h e child's brow a n d pulse. T h e heir-at-law. Resurrexit—was t h e t r i u m p h a n t it all to-morrow now t h a t t h e s e chill m o i s t u r e of w e a k n e s s w a s on A u n t Selina dead! And she— paean b o r n e in t h e b a l m y breeze iltle gowns a r e nearly done. Get one, t h e faint, slow b e a t of t h e Audrey Marr—was heir-at-law! ^ n d swelled by t h e m y r i a d music your lunch, dear. T h e r e is some >ther told of t h e life-tide r u n n i n g t u n e s of God's creation, t h e song bread in t h e box a n d j a m on t h e low. I t w a s as t h e doctor h a d A u n t Selina d e a d ! T h e hard, s t e r n , s t r a n g e old woman who had given o f b i r d s a n d h u m of b e e s , t h e soft closet shelf." w a r n e d h e r — t h e child needed a i r , h e r o r p h a n niece a reluctant h o m e low of t h e b r o w s i n g kine, t h e "Oh, I don't t h i n k I w a n t a n y food, sunshine—all t h e n a t u r a l a n d care t h r o u g h a chill, lonely l a u g h of children a m o n g the unch, m a m a , " said t h e child, blessings she was d e n i e d — s h e w a s childhood, a n d t h e n t u r n e d upon flowers; all t h e h a p p y sounds t h a t dropping wearily on t h e c h a i r n e a r f a d i n g a w a y like a flower in t h e in fierce displeasure, w h e n t h e tell of j o y and life a n d love. h e r m o t h e r . " I don't like j a m — d a r k . g i r l ' s h e a r t h a d opened a t Love's B u t i n : t h e close city street, t is- so sweet and sticky. The first s u n b e a m into life and bloom A n d still holding t h e limp little t h a t would n o t be denied. W a l t e r high walled w i t h m a n - m a d e cliffs m a n a t t h e corner h a s s t r a w o f b r i c k a n d stone, n o s i g h t or berries—ripe, red s t r a w b e r r i e s h a n d , A u d r e y M a r r s a n k on h e r M a r r w a s a weakling, it w a s t r u e , k n e e s beside t h e bed, and buried b u t t o t h e pale girl reared in s c u n d of s p r i n g h a d r e a c h e d , save ire so m u c h nicer t h a n j a m . " t h e g l a r e of t h e s u n t h a t h a d " Y e s , dear, I k n o w . " The h e r t e a r l e s s face in t h e child's pil- gloomy seclusion h e h a d seemed -grown fiercer w i t h t h e l e n g t h e n - i d r a w n lines of t h e m o t h e r ' s face low. S h e could n e i t h e r weep n o r t h e F a i r y P r i n c e of h e r hopeless i n g d a y s , a n d t h e added w e i g h t i n g seemed to t i g h t e n a s h e r eyes , p r a y ; i t h a d been long, b i t t e r y e a r s d r e a m s . A n d w h e n A u n t Selina, the air, heavy with noxiousgj urned t o t h e little s p e a k e r . How j since s h e had t u r n e d t o God or m a n in p a s s i o n a t e denunciation of t h e miasmas. F o r h e r e , a r c h e d by )ale s h e looked! H o w f r a g i l e ! for p i t y — y e s , long a n d b i t t e r h a d w o r t h l e s s f o r t u n e - h u n t e r , h a d forC o d ' s Heaven, t o w h i c h scores of In w h a t sore need of t h e sweet, been t h e y e a r s since s h e h a d known bidden h i m t h e house, A u d r e y h a d w e a k n e s s , softness, o r a n y woman- m a d e t h e r u n a w a y m a r r i a g e t h a t -spires v a i n l y pointed, m a n crowd- f r e s h s u s t e n a n c e of S p r i n g ! ly feeling save t h e fierce all- h a d b r o u g h t down upon the ed a n d clamoured a n d b a t t l e d for " B u t m a m a h a s no m o n e y toa "bread in t h e piteous s t r u g g l e day. To-morrow, w h e n all t h i s m a s t e r i n g passion of mother-love. hapless p a i r t h e vials of old woman's wrath. -which b e a s t a n d b i r d a n d insect work is paid for, we will have, A n d s h e seemed t o feel t h e death- despotic -are s p a r e d . A n d h e r e , on t h i s s o m e t h i n g b e t t e r t h a n b r e a d and p a n g s of t h a t love n o w a s she knelt A u d r e y w a s a v i p e r s h e h a d in her bosom; she TVIay afternoon, A u d r e y M a r r s a t j a m . T h e r e is a little milk in t h e beside h e r child, dull, dumb, des- w a r m e d p a i r i n g , asking n o help from would never speak t o h e r , see h e r "by t h e n a r r o w window t h r o u g h j a r outside t h e back w i n d o w ; h e a v e n or e a r t h . Maysie w a s — n e v e r h e a r h e r n a m e a g a i n . And "which t h e w e s t e r i n g s u n w a s beat)erhaps t h a t would t a s t e good." d o o m e d ; she m u s t lose h e r a s s t e r n t h e n h a d b e g u n t h e dull, g r i n d i n g ing pitilessly, s h o w i n g h e r pale " N o , m a m a " — M a y s i e shook h e r f a t e h a d decreed s h e should lose s t r u g g l e w i t h p o v e r t y t h a t h a d left f a c e t e n s e w i t h lines of anxiety, head w e a r i l y — " I d o n ' t t h i n k I all t h i n g s — t h e h o m e , t h e friends, t h e gently r e a r e d girl t h e hopeless, a l m o s t of despair, a s s h e drove ike milk, e i t h e r . T h e r e w a s a fly t h e f o r t u n e of early y e a r s , t h e h u s - dulled, w o r n o u t w o m a n t h a t she Tier m a c h i n e a t its full speed t o n i t y e s t e r d a y and it w a s w a r m . b a n d t o whom s h e h a d given h e r w a s to-day. N e i t h e r she n o r h e r ^complete t h e t a s k t h a t m e a n t life My head aches, m a m a . I t h i n k y o u t h f u l love, t h e F a i t h she h a d for h e r a n d for h e r child. She I'll j u s t lie down on t h e bed and once held, t h e God in whom s h e (Continued on page 16) -dared n o t open t h e window, lest rest. And when y o u r w o r k is h a d once believed. Maysie m u s t "the soot a n d s m o k e from t h e done we will sit o u t on t h e fire- go w i t h t h e r e s t ! n e i g h b o u r i n g chimney should m a r escape and g e t cool. I a m so glad A s if roused b y some subtle i:he s u n n y w h i t e n e s s of t h e g a r - we h a v e a fire-escape, a r e n ' t you, s y m p a t h y , t h e child s t i r r e d in h e r m e n t s piled h i g h u p o n t h e table nama?" sleep. " S t r a w b e r r i e s , " she m u r Reside h e r . " Y e s , darling, since you like it m u r e d softly, " r i p e , red s t r a w To Our Readers T h e lorw-pitched b a r e room i n 0 m u c h , M a y s i e . " berries mama!" w h i c h s h e s a t h a d n o t even t h e " O h , I d o , " a n s w e r e d t h e child T h e m o t h e r s t a r t e d up a t t h e s a v i n g g r a c e of n e a t n e s s ; she w a s w i t h a long-drawn sigh. " I t h i n k cry a s if s t u n g i n t o life. Maysie —Because they have t o o b u s y for t h a t . T h e bed in t h e a fire-escape is fine. You can sit m u s t h a v e t h e s t r a w b e r r i e s — t h i s corner was unmade, the few up t h e r e a n d look a t t h e clouds evening—if it took h e r last cent. Confidence in you. b r e a k f a s t d i s h e s u n w a s h e d . S h e j and t h e s t a r s . And m y t w o little W i t h trembling h a n d s t h e wretched ! a d b e e n a t h e r m a c h i n e for h o u r s , p o t s of flowers Mr. D u n n g a v e m e w o m a n gathered u p t h e piles of Our Advertisers w i t h t h e sunlight g l i n t i n g on | a r e g r o w i n g real f a s t , m a m a , on snowy_ muslin, s c a t t e r e d upon t a b l e a n d chairs. She m u s t t a k e t h e m w h e e l a n d lever—dazzling h e r t h e fire-escape. T h e y would never purchase Advertising e y e s , t h e ceaseless h u m droning grow in h e r e , I a m s u r e . A n d t h e back now—now. S h e would n o t w a i t for t h e m o r r o w ; she m u s t dully in h e r e a r s , t h e long "white wind blows so nice a n d cool," conspace in t h e s e a m s s t r e t c h i n g endlessly before tinued Maysie, w h o h a d flung collect h e r scanty p i t t a n c e and b u y Malaya Catholic L e a d e r h e r — u n t i l h e r a c h i n g head, h e r herself on t h e bed a n d w a s " r e s t - s t r a w b e r r i e s to-day. To-morrow— fired fingers, h e r w e a r y feet, i n g " on t h e tumbled pillows. to-morrow even—it m i g h t be too l a t e . And as she feverishly folded seemed themselves t o be a u t o - " A n d t h e s t r e e t is so f a r . far Do N o t Disappoint u p t h e dozens of little g a r m e n t s , m a t i c a n d moving w i t h o u t soul or down—you can't h e a r t h e Bixby a n envelope fluttered t o t h e floor— Them l i f e . T h o u g h she w a s little m o r e boys fighting, or M r s . Marcy t h e l e t t e r Maysie h a d b r o u g h t in t h a n t h i r t y , all t r a c e s of y o u n g scolding, or P e t e J a r v i s coming , a n h o u r ago. B u t n o t t h e dreaded Tell t h e m you a p p r e c i a t e t h e i r w o m a n h o o d w e r e l o s t — t h e soft, h o m e d r u n k t o beat h i s poor wife." ! r e n t notice she h a d feared—superbrown hair, pushed carelessly "Maysie!" T h e r e w a s s h a r p scription, p o s t m a r k , even t h e p r i n t co-operation w i t h y o u r b a c k f r o m h e r face, w a s already pain in t h e m o t h e r ' s t o n e . "You ed business a d d r e s s in t h e corner Catholic N e w s p a p e r and t h r e a d e d w i t h g r a y , t h e m o u t h m u s t s t a y a w a y from t h e m all, w e r e all new to h e r : "Elliott & w a s m u t e a n d a l m o s t h a r d in its d e a r — s t a y h e r e w i t h m e . " Grayson, Attorneys a t Law." What close s h u t l i n e s ; o n l y t h e eyes " I d o , " answered Maysie. " B u t h a d s h e to do w i t h law and lawReciprocate s p o k e — h a g g a r d , deep-set eyes, in 1 h a v e t o p a s s t h e m , m a m a , and y e r s ? Surely t h e r e m u s t be some which smouldered s o m e fire or h e a r and see. T h a t ' s t h e reason m i s t a k e . She t o r e open t h e enveby p a t r o n i z i n g t h e m p a s s i o n o r p u r p o s e t h a t seemed I a m glad we live so h i g h up, and lope, glanced at i t s contents a n d t o k e e p t h e i r dull d e p t h s aglow. h a v e a fire-escape a n d — a n d " s t a g g e r e d blindly t o a chair. Again w h e n e v e r possible. T h e door onened behind h e r , a n d t h e whirl of t h e machine I s h e read, and a g a i n , feeling t h a t h u t w i t h t h e w h i r of t h e machine drowned t h e low, d r e a m y little i s h e m u s t be d a z e d — d r e a m i n g — in h e r e a r s h e did n o t catch t h e voice. M r s . M a r r could not stop t h a t t h o s e stilted legal p h r a s e s 1

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Pope Pius XIRecalls Remarkable Cures Protestant Educator The Origin Of The At Lourdes During Commends Catholic Term 'Propaganda.' French Pilgrimage System of Instruction V a t i c a n City. W H I L E r e c e i v i n g in r e c e n t a u d i ence a delegation of r e p r e s e n tatives of Women's Catholic Action, H i s Holiness Pope P i u s X I took occasion t o r e f e r t o t h e w o r d "propaganda." " T h i s w o r d " , h e said, " i s common t o all l a n g u a g e s and all count r i e s a n d h o w often one sees it used in a less noble a n d s a d d e r sense. N o t w i t h s t a n d i n g t h i s l a t t e r use, it c a n n e v e r be f o r g o t t e n t h a t t h e first t i m e t h e w o r d w a s used i t w a s t o indicate t h o s e w o r k s c r e a t e d in R o m e for t h e p r o p a g a tion of t h e T r u t h of O u r L o r d J e s u s a n d f o r t h e extension of t h e K i n g d o m of C h r i s t in t h i s world. T h i s is t h e original a n d g e n u i n e sense of t h e w o r d " p r o p a g a n d a , " which n o p e r v e r s i o n of m e a n i n g can e v e r cancel." (Lumen-N.C.W.C.)

DOMINICAN G E N E R A L CHAPTER I N A U D I E N C E WITH T H E POPE. Vatican City. T h a t t h e Dominican O r d e r cont i n u e i t s glorious h i s t o r y a n d h a v e a n ever m o r e flourishing development was a wish expressed by H i s Holiness P o p e P i u s X I o n October 2, w h e n a d d r e s s i n g the! V e r y Rev. M a r t i n Gillet, O.P., M a s t e r General, a n d t h e P r o v i n cials of t h e O r d e r who h a v e b e e n m e e t i n g in G e n e r a l C h a p t e r h e r e . F a t h e r Gillet, in his a d d r e s s t o t h e Holy F a t h e r , referred t o t h e resolutions a d o p t e d by t h e G e n e r a l Chapter particularly those having r e g a r d t o s t u d i e s , mission a c t i vities, t h e T h i r d Order of S t . Dominic, a n d t h e relations of t h e l a t t e r t o Catholic Action. A m o n g t h e Provincials p r e s e n t were those from New York, San F r a n c i s c o , M o n t r e a l , Ireland, a n d t h e P h i l i p p i n e s . (Lumen-N.C.W.C.) MARIST MISSIONARIES SAIL F O R T H E SOUTH S E A S . Rome.—Ten p r i e s t s of t h e s o ciety of M a r y sailed from N a p l e s N o v e m b e r 3 e h r o u t e to m i s s i o n s e n t r u s t e d t o t h e i r i n s t i t u t e in t h e s o u t h e r n Pacific. Three young missionaries, F r e n c h by b i r t h , will go t o N e w Caledonia; a n o t h e r , E n g l i s h , is g o i n g to t h e F i j i I s l a n d s ; a n I t a l i a n will g o t o t h e South Solomons; a German to t h e North Solomons; a Spaniard to t h e New H e r H r i d e s ; a n o t h e r n r i e s t , a n a t i v e of L u x e m b u r g , will go t o Central Oceania.

Montreal. D R A I S E from a p r o m i n e n t nonCatholic educator for the Catholic s y s t e m of i n s t r u c t i o n and a plea for h i g h e r Catholic education were h e a r d h e r e t h i s week a t t h e convention of t h e E n g l i s h speaking Catholic school t e a c h e r s of t h i s city. O. B. Rexford, vice-president of t h e Quebec P r o v i n c e Association of P r o t e s t e n t a n t Teachers, b r i n g i n g g r e e t i n g s t o t h e m e e t i n g from t h a t organization, said it w a s a m a t t e r of some s u r p r i s e t h a t h e r e h a d not been a g r e a t e r loss of f a i t h in E d u c a t i o n d u r i n g t h e depression y e a r s . " I wish to acknowledge before t h i s audience of Catholic teachers,' he said, " t h a t Catholic education h a s not followed t h e general t r e n d b u t h a s consistently Traced s t r o n g e m p h a s i s on t h e moral and spiritual side of t h e school's t a s k . A n d t h i s s t e a d f a s t n e s s of purpose, h a s , I believe, h a d a s t e a d y i n g influence on all schools in Quebec. T h e result h a s been t h a t P r o t e s t M o s t hopeless of all seemed t h e a n t schools h a v e not been d r a w n case of M m e . M a r i e Conte of a s f a r into t h e g e n e r a l t r e n d a s Angouleme. F o r 16 y e a r s she had m i g h t o t h e r w i s e h a v e been t h e suffered w i t h peritoneal tubercu- c a s e . " losis a n d h a d found n o cure. H e r T h e Rev. H u g h M c C a r t h y , S.J., j condition w a s such t h a t it w a s not r e c t o r of Loyola College, Montreal, until t h e second day a f t e r h e r a r - s a i d t h e C h u r c h h a d a p r o m i n e n t rival t h a t s h e could b e t a k e n t o t h e r i g h t t o direct a n d guide when b a t h s . H e r disease disappeared education w a s concerned. Religious instantaneously. education m e a n t m o r e t h a n devotM m e . Louise L a u r o r e of Che- i n g a fixed period each day t o t h e villy, a s u b u r b of P a r i s , afflicted t e a c h i n g of t h e c a t e c h i s m ; it w i t h P o t t ' s disease, h a s only scars m e a n t m o r e t h a n m a k i n g religion r e m a i n i n g t o indicate t h e location one of t h e c o u r s e s ; it m e a n t avoida n c e in all p r o f a n e s u b j e c t s of of t h e f o r m e r fistulas. t h a t m a n n e r of t e a c h i n g which A y o u n g F r a n c i s c a n of Dijon, 23 m i g h t prove i n j u r i o u s t o +he faith y e a r s of a g e , w h o was paralyzed in o r m o r a l s of t h e s t u d e n t . both legs, suddenly stood u p a f t e r (N.C.W.C). experiencing, h e said, a s h a r p a n d violent p a i n . H e b e g a n t o walk i m m e d i a t e l y a n d r e t u r n e d t o Dijon without requiring any assistance CATHOLIC ARCHBISHOP P R E from h i s companions. SIDES AT EDUCATION W E E K (Lumen-N.C.W.C.) M a d r a s ( I n d i a ) . — U n d e r t h e pres i d e n t s h i p of H i s Grace t h e Most 22 M E M B E R S O F A M E R I C A N Rev. Louis M a t h i a s , S.C., ArchH I E R A R C H Y A T CONSECRA- bishop of M a d r a s , t h e Fifth TION O F BISHOP FORD. Madras E d u c a t i o n W e e k w a s inM a r y k n o l l . — T h r e e Archbishops, a u g u r a t e d a t t h e Government 19 B i s h o p s , a n u m b e r of Monsig- M o h a m m e d a n College, Madras, nori, m a n y p r i e s t s and a l a r g e out- October 14. T h e week w a s conp o u r i n g of t h e laity a t t e n d e d t h e vened u n d e r t h e auspices of t h e solemn consecration of t h e Most M a d r a s T e a c h e r s Guild. Rev. F r a n c i s Xavier F o r d , M.M., a s Speaking t o t h e assembly, A r c h T i t u l a r Bishop of E t e n n a a n d bishop M a t h i a s said t h a t t e a c h e r s Vicar Apostolic of K a y i n g , K w a n g - m u s t first of all u n d e r s t a n d t h a t t u n g P r o v i n c e , China. T h e cere- t h e r e is a difference between edu" Educam o n y t o o k place S e p t e m b e r 21, a t cation a n d i n s t r u c t i o n . t h e h e a d q u a r t e r s h e r e of t h e Ca- tion, t h a t is, t h e t r a i n i n g of t h e tholic F o r e i g n Mission Society of s p i r i t and t h e souls of t h e children w h o a r e e n t r u s t e d t o y o u r care America. m u s t be done only in one way,* t h e Paris. A N i m p o r t a n t n u m b e r of appar e n t l y miraculous cures took place a t L o u r d e s d u r i n g this y e a r ' s French pilgrimage. Mile Madeleine F e n a n d of Norm a n d y , w h o s e s t a t e of h e a l t h w a s so d e s p e r a t e t h a t for 48 h o u r s s h e h a d been fed only by injections, w a s c u r e d i n s t a n t l y a f t e r h e r first b a t h in L o u r d e s w a t e r . A y o u n g girl of Lille, G e r m a i n e Lencel, h a d suffered for a n u m b e r of y e a r s from septicaemia, peritonitis a n d a perinephritic phlegmon, b u t a f t e r one contact w i t h t h e miraculous w a t e r , s h e a r o s e a n d walked. A y o u n g boy from P a r i s , Lucien Vitz, f o r y e a r s afflicted w i t h bone tuberculosis, a p p e a r s completely cured. M a d a m e G r a n s a r t of Roubaix, t r e a t e d vainly over a long period for a r t h r i t i s in both legs, a f t e r s h e received Holy Communion a t t h e Grotto, h a d n o f u r t h e r need for h e r crutches.

T h r e e of t h e group a r e N e w Zealanders w h o w e r e delegates a t t h e General C h a p t e r of t h e Society of M a r y held in Rome October 16 t o 23.

T h e M o s t Rev. J a m e s A. Walsh, T i t u l a r Bishop of Siene and S u p e r i o r General of t h e Maryknoll F a t h e r s , w a s t h e consecrator. T h e co-consecrators were t h e Most Rev. T h o m a s E . Molloy, Bishop of Brooklyn, a n d t h e M o s t Rev. Step h e n J . D o n a h u e , Auxiliary Bishop of N e w Y o r k .

A few d a y s b e f o r e t h i s d e p a r ture, another young Marist Missionary, F a t h e r P a t r i c k O'Reilly, of P a r i s , a r r i v e d a t Naples, r e t u r n i n g a f t e r a y e a r spent in e t h n o l o gical r e s e a r c h in t h e S o u t h S e a s . H e h a s w i t h h i m a valuable collection of d a t a ; ' s e v e r a l objects of ethnological i n t e r e s t g a t h e r e d b y h i m a r e a l r e a d y on exhibition a t the Lateran. Museum and at the, Trocadero. (Fides).

B i s h o p F o r d left t h e following e v e n i n g f o r Cleveland t o t a k e p a r t in t h e S e v e n t h National E u c h a r i stic C o n g r e s s . T h e n e w Bishop, a n a t i v e of Brooklyn, w a s t h e first s t u d e n t t o join t h e Catholic Foreign Mission Society of America. H e w a s ordained t o t h e priesthood December 5, 1917, a n d w a s one of t h e first four Maryknoll missionaries t o leave f o r t h e Orient.

f

f o r m i n g of t h e m a n . A t t h i s mom e n t I do not speak a s a missiona r y b u t a s a n educator. If you w a n t t h e b e t t e r m e n t of India it is education t h a t m u s t be a t t h e bott o m of y o u r preoccupation."

Referring t o t h e a d d r e s s of Sir Alladi K r i s h n a s w a m y Iyer, t h e Archbishop said t h a t while he would a g r e e w i t h h i m t h a t t h e r e should be a s u i r i t of e n q u i r y and t h a t t h e scientific s o i r i t should be inculcated, he would w a r n everybodv t h a t science b r o u g h t in i t s w a k e material a s n e c t s which developed into m a t e r i a l i s m and it w a s t h e spirit of e n o n i r v a n d d o n h t promoted by c e r t a i n misguided philosophers t h a t b r o u g h t t o t h e world rationalism, m a t e r i a l i s m , socialism, c o m r " ^ i « m a n d m a n y o t h e r evils. ( F i d e s ) .

What a Hospital Patient Overhead. A chance remark by one woman patient to another in a famous London hospital, lead to one of them being" cured from a dreadful complaint in a most remarkable manner. Mrs. Beatrice Hen wood, of 89, Nicholas Street, New North Roal' London, N.I., was the sufferer. In an interview she told a reporter that it is a miracle that she is alive and well to-day. "From early grilhood," she said, "I had suffered severely from anaemia,and digestive weakness. "When I married my suffering did not cease; but, on the contrary, became so bad that my husband and friends became alavmed. "Eventually it was found I was suffering from gastric haemorrh-

age, ana on collapsing I was taKen

to a big London hospital where for three months I underwent treatment. "it was while at hospital I leared of wnat has proved to be a certain cure for ray areadtul complaint. A patient in me next bed to me overneard the doctor say 1 was a chronic case. " 'Did you hear what the doctor has just said?' asked the patient. " Yes,' I replied, 'mine nas always been a cnronic case/ " Then my fellow patient said: ' Have you Heard of the wonderful Dr. Wililams Pink PUls? ' and she added: 'When you leave the hospital, try t h e m / Because I snov^ea no sign ot improvement, 1 left the hospital last August, and came home; and the first thing I did was to send for a supply of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. I took the piUs according to instructions, and to my great satisfaction I began to improve. The terrible pains left me; bilious attacks became fewer and fewer; instead of turning into acid, food t i m e d into blood, and now I consider I am permanently cured. I never have a bilious attack now. In fact I never felt so well in my life. For this wonderful change in me I thank Dr. Williams' Pin* Pills. 4

,

AUSTRIAN PROTESTANTS C O N C E R N E D A S MISSIONS LOSE GERMAN SUPPORT. V i e n n a . — T h e d i s t r e s s which h a s been visited upon t h e P r o t e s t a n t s of G e r m a n y is reflected in A u s t r i a , w h e r a t h e i r fellow-Protestants a r e s h o w i n g p a r t i c u l a r concern for P r o t e s t a n t m i s s i o n s left in financial difficulty b y t h e currency laws being enforced in t h e Reich. W i t h t h e a d v e n t of National Socialism, m a n y of t h e 300,000 a d h e r e n t s of P r o t e s t a n t i s m in A u s t r i a were won over to t h a t movement, believing it would protect t h e i r i n t e r e s t s in a c o u n t r y t h e leaders of which profess Catholicism. In S t y r i a and Carint h i a m a n y joined t h e Nazi movement

' R E D MASS' IN LONDON. CELEBRANT

ONCE

LAWYER.

London.—A p r i e s t who was formerly a practising attorney. Msgr. C. L. D u c h e m i n , said t h e Red Mass a t W e s t m i n s t e r Cathedral for t h e opening of t h e Michaelmas law t e r m . In t h e s a n c t u a r y w a s th-3 Rev. Sir J o h n O'Connell. who before h i s ordination l a t e in life w a s h e a d of a firm of a t t o r n e y s in Dublin. Two j u d g e s w e r e a t t h e h e a d of t h e g a t h e r i n g of lawyers, w h o wore t h e uniforms, wigs and g o w n s of t h e i r dignitv. T h e y were Lord Russell of Killowen and Mr. Justice Langton. At the A p t i u s Dei t h e " p a x " w a s carried t o t h e m from t h e s a n c t u a r y by a priest. Sir T h o m a s Molony. a f o r m e r Lord Chief J u s t i c e of Ireland, w a s a m o n g t h e congregation. Non-Catholic j u d g e s and a t t o r n e y s went, a s usual, to W e s t m i n s t e r Abbey. (N.C.W.C).


MALAYA CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y S DECEMBER, 1935.

ARCHBISHOP HINSLBY BLESSES CROSS AT SCENE OF ENGLAND'S FIRST COUNCIL OF CHURCH.

FR DAMIEN'S KIN DISCUSSES PLAN TO MOVE BODY OF MARTYR.

ASSEMBLY AT HERTFORD IN 673 WAS FORERUNNER OF PRESENT BRITISH PARLIAMENT. I T N V E I L I N G a n d blessing a cross ^ a t H e r t f o r d , t h e Most R e v . A r t h u r Hinsley, A r c h b i s h o p of W e s t m i n s t e r , r e f e r r e d t o t h e site a s t h e " b i r t h p l a c e of a. united E n g land." T h e cross c o m m e m o r a t e s t h e first Council of t h e Church in England, which w a s t h e first E n g lish P a r l i a m e n t . A t t h e foot of t h e g r a n i t e AngloSaxon cross t h e r e a r e inscriptions which recall t h a t t h e president of t h e Council of H e r t f o r d , held Sept e m b e r 24, 673, w a s St. Theodore of T a r s u s , who w a s consecrated by t h e P o p e in Rome a n d s e n t to t h e See of C a n t e r b u r y , j u s t as w a s A r c h b i s h o p Hinsley, himself. " T h i s cross," A r c h b i s h o p H i n s ley said, "will s t a n d for long a s a sign t h a t H e r t f o r d is not t h e least a m o n g t h e cities a n d t o w n s of t h i s c o u n t r y ; for H e r t f o r d m a y be said to be t h e birthplace of a united England. " H e r e on S e p t e m b e r 24, 673, St. Theodore, A r c h b i s h o p of Canterb u r y , whose f e a s t we a r e keeping solemnly convened a synod or council of t h e Bishops and clergy of t h e land. F i r s t National Assembly. " T h i s g r e a t m e e t i n g w a s t h e first of o u r national assemblies, t h e first g e n e r a l a n d public expression of t h e principle of C h u r c h u n i t y t h r o u g h o u t E n g l a n d . I t w a s also t h e f o r e r u n n e r a n d p a t t e r n of our f u t u r e W i t e n a g e m o t e s a n d parliaments " F r o m Rome came t h e g r e a t Org a n i s e r of t h e Synod of H e r t f o r d a n d of t h e C h u r c h in E n g l a n d , ' t h a t first A r c h b i s h o p ' a s St. Bede w r i t e s , 'whom all t h e English C h u r c h obeyed'. H e w a s St. Theodore, t h e Seventh Archbishop of C a n t e r b u r y . I t would h a v e been s t r a n g e indeed if a body of E n g lishmen, of C h r i s t i a n s , in union w i t h t h a t selfsame See of Rome which s e n t St. Theodore here did n o t celebrate t h e first Council of t h e Catholic C h u r c h in E n g l a n d . " W e h a v e good r e a s o n t o vener a t e S t . Theodore w h o b r o u g h t us u n i t y of g o v e r n m e n t and discipline from t h e centre of Christian unity, t h e See of P e t e r . " H i s coming t o t h i s c o u n t r y in May, 669, f o r m s a n epoch in t h e C h u r c h h i s t o r y of o u r AngloSaxon f o r e f a t h e r s . There were

unhappily j e a l o u s i e s a n d b i t t e r n e s s such a s , alas, a r e n o t too uncommon a m o n g t h e h u m a n elements even in t h e s u p e r n a t u r a l society of C h r i s t ' s C h u r c h — a n d t h e r e existed also a lack of o r d e r a n d organization in t h e C h u r c h of EnglandOrganized Monasteries. "Theodore a t once 'visited', a s St. Bede r e l a t e s , 'all t h e island, w h e r e v e r t h e t r i b e s of t h e A n g l e s inhabited/ H e organized m o n a s t e r i e s and founded schools, h e settled differences, h e corrected such t h i n g s a s h e found deficient in m i n i s t r a t i o n or discipline. " W h a t is m o r e i m p o r t a n t , h e consecrated B i s h o p s for t h e v a c a n t Sees, a n d all except t h r e e w e r e v a c a n t a t t h a t t i m e ; h e added n e w Bishoprics t o t h o s e already e x i s t i n g a n d welded t h e m t o g e t h e r , all u n d e r t h e m e t r o p o l i t a n See of Canterbury. H e w a s welcomed everywhere, both by king and people, a s t h e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of t h e , highest authority who brought a blessing on t h e whole land. " T h i s m e m o r a b l e Synod h a s alw a y s been r e g a r d e d a s fixing t h e constitution of t h e C h u r c h of England. "St.* T h e o d o r e presided over t h e Synod because, a s . h e declared, h e w a s ^Bishop of t h e See of C a n t e r b u r y , appointed b y t h e Apostolic See'. T h e a s s e m b l e d Bishops accepted his a u t h o r i t y because h e w a s appointed b y R o m e and b o r e on h i s shoulders t h e sacred pallium imposed by t h e P o p e a s a symbol of t h e Good S h e p h e r d . P r o u d of h i s Country. " A s a n E n g l i s h m a n , I am g r a t e ful for t h i s o p p o r t u n i t y of p a y i n g public t r i b u t e t o t h e g r e a t A r c h bishop of C a n t e r b u r y , who r e n d e r ed t o E n g l a n d such signal services. Like h i m I w a s ordained in R o m e , I w a s consecrated in Rome b y a u t h o r i t y of t h e Pope, and on m e , a s on him, w a s imposed t h e sacred pallium by t h e Pope himself, w h e n h e s e n t m e t o be A r c h b i s h o p in succession t o Cardinal Bourne. " I a m p r o u d of m y beloved c o u n t r y a n d a s one w h o a t t h e s a m e t i m e j u s t l y a n d fairly recognizes all t h a t w e E n g l i s h m e n owe t o Rome, I a m p r o u d t o s t a n d in t h i s place a n d b e a r t e s t i m o n y t o t h e w o r k accomplished by t h o s e w h o h a v e g o n e before m e in labouri n g for E n g l a n d . " (N.C.W.C.) r

Honolulu. " J j l A T H E R Damien w a s a m e m ber of t h e Congregation of t h e Sacred H e a r t s , and obedience w a s one of t h e vows which he took w h e n he e n t e r e d t h e priesthood. If h e w e r e living to-day he would bow to t h e will of his S u p e r i o r s . " Sister D a m i e n Joseph, o* t h e Academy of t h e Sacred H e a r t s in Kaimuki, h e r e , m a d e t h i s s t a t e m e n t while commenting on t h e discussion which h a s arisen over w h e t h e r o r n o t t h e r e m a i n s of F a t h e r Damien should be removed to Belgium a n d kept t h e r e a s a relic of t h e m a r t y r a t whose birth-place a s e m i n a r y h a s been erected. "If F a t h e r Damien could be consulted to-day about t h e t r a n s p o r t a tion of h i s r e m a i n s to his n a t i v e land, he would be t r u e to his vow of obedience and concur with t h e wishes of his S u p e r i o r s , " S i s t e r Damien said. Sister D a m i e n ' s f a t h e r was a cousin of F a t h e r Damien a n d h e r grandmother was the m a r t y r ' s godmother. Two o t h e r relatives of F a t h e r D a m i e n a r e now serving t h e C h u r c h in Hawaii. A d i s t a n t cousin, F a t h e r E r n e s t , of Waialua, a n d F a t h e r Cyril, of H a n a , whose grandfather was Father Damien's brother, b o t h m e m b e r s of t h e Congregation of t h e Sacred H e a r t s , would a g r e e , S i s t e r Damien J o s e p h believes, t h a t t h e bones of t h e m a n who lived w i t h , and died a s one of, t h e lepers of Molokai should be r e t u r n e d t o Belgium if such is t h e w i s h of t h e Congregation's S u p e r i o r s . " F a t h e r Damien frequently expressed t h e wish t h a t he would be interred n e a r t h e little c h u r c h a t Kalawao on Molokai amid t h e people whom h e h a d loved a n d served," she said, " a n d I for a t i m e felt t h a t h e should be allowed t o r e s t w h e r e he had asked to be buried. B u t h e did not know how h e would be revered in Belgium. H i s n a m e is a n inspiration to t h e people of his c o u n t r y , a n d h a v i n g his |

r e m a i n s enshrined in t h e h o u s e in which h e w a s born would be h i g h ly inspirational to t h e y o u n g religious of t h e country. " P i l g r i m a g e s to the g r a v e of t h e M a r t y r of Molokai would be t h e usual t h i n g in Belgium. A s it is now, few a r e able t o visit h i s grave on t h e lonely island. T h e extent t o which t h e n a m e of F a t h e r D a m i e n is revered by Belgians w a s d e m o n s t r a t e d w h e n t h e last Belgian t r a i n i n g ship visited Honolulu a n d a special n a v y plane was dispatched to t a k e t h e c a p t a i n a n d o t h e r officers t o Molokai t h a t t h e y m i g h t kneel beside t h e g r a v e of t h e priest. Almost e v e r y Belgian who visits t h e t e r r i t o r y expresses t h e wish t h a t h e m i g h t make a pilgrimage to K a l a w a o . "So we m u s t not a s s u m e a selfish a t t i t u d e in i n s i s t i n g - t h a t h i s r e m a i n s be k e p t here, b u t do w h a t seems best for t h e world a t l a r g e . F a t h e r D a m i e n gave himself t o God. H e would w a n t t o h a v e done now w h a t would be t h e g r e a t e s t service t o God and t h e C h u r c h . " Sister D a m i e n Joseph believes t h a t one forceful a r g u m e n t in favour of k e e p i n g t h e r e m a i n s of F a t h e r D a m i e n in Kalawao is r e spect for t h e wishes of t h e p a t i e n t s of t h e leper s e t t l e m e n t . "Still," s h e s a y s , " t h e r e a r e only a few of t h e p a t i e n t s still living w h o k n e w h i m personally. T h e s e t t l e m e n t h a s been 'moved from, i t s original location a n d visits to t h e g r a v e a r e not often m a d e . T h e church which F a t h e r D a m i e n built with h i s own h a n d s will s t a n d as a memorial to. him, and t h e stories of his love a n d sacrifice will keep his m e m o r y f r e s h in t h e m i n d s of the unfortunate at Kalaupapa. " I t h i n k t h e p a t i e n t s w h o were his friends would want done with the remains just what Father D a m i e n dictated, and h e , a memb e r of t h e Sacred H e a r t s Congregation, would respect t h e wishes of his S u p e r i o r s and bow t o t h e i r decision." (N.C.W.C.)

ARTICLE IN MAGAZINE PAINTS VIVID PICTURE OF POPE AND VATICAN

New York. article s t a t e s . "Many moving A VIVID p i c t u r e of His H o I r e s s p a s s a g e s of P a p a l eloquence h a v e Pope P i u s XI and t h e V a t i c a n been lavished upon t h i s object. is painted b y E d w a r d Price Pell in \ An i m m e a s u r a b l e a m o u n t of p r a c t h e c u r r e n t n u m b e r of t h e n a g a - tical a n d detailed labour for peace zine Liberty. Much of t h e article h a s issued from t h e t h r o n e of St. deals with t h e efforts and a t t i t u d e P e t e r t o s t i m u l a t e and g u i d e t h e of t h e V a t i c a n on world peace. leaders of t h e Catholic C h u r c h in . Mr. Price tells of a n audience h e every c o m e r of t h e globe." h a d with t h e Holy F a t h e r and The article s p e a k s of t n e " m a r k s • notes t h a t h e h a d j u s t finished a t o u r of t h e world, d u r i n g w h i c h h e of bodily, spiritual, a n d m e n t a l h a d interviewed P r e m i e r s and v i g o u r " visible in t h e Holy F a t h e r , Foreign M i n i s t e r s of virtually tells of h i s passion for t h e m i s every c o u n t r y in E u r o p e a n d Asia, sions, a n d a d d s : except R u s s i a . In each instance, " P i u s X I , in s p i t e of h i s zeal for h e says, t h e subject w a s peace. peace a n d h i s continual s t i m u l a "Pope P i u s X I , " he w r i t e s , tion, g u i d a n c e , a n d blessing of "went into the matter w i t h t h o s e w h o s t r u g g l e for peace—infervour a n d t h o r o u g h n e s s , a n d deed, b e c a u s e of t h e s e t h i n g s — i s none of t h e g r e a t m e n interviewed no pacifist in t h e sense of nonw a s more vigorous or m a g n e t i c r e s i s t a n c e t o w r o n g a n d a g g r e s t h a n he. N e i t h e r w a s a n y of t h e m sion. H e does n o t condemn a r m a simpler, more natural, more m e n t s a s such, t h o u g h h e fights human." for t h e i r r e d u c t i o n and l i m i t a t i o n "Papal a u t h o r i t y for t w o t h o u - t o t h e lowest level consistent w i t h sand y e a r s , of course, h a s been t h e s a f e t y a n d t r a n q u i l i t y of t h e tireless s e r v a n t of peace." t h e s o c i e t y . " — (N.C.W.C.) ;

A N E W HINDU TEMPLE IN A C A T H O L I C N I G H T SCHOOL CHRISTIAN STYLE. FOR INDIAN WORKERS. Calcutta. Bombay ( I n d i a . — A free n i g h t While t h e r e e x i s t s in India a j school for w o r k i n g m e n has been school of t h o u g h t in favour of | s t a r t e d at A h m e d a b a d by t h e J e a d a p t i n g Hindu a r c h i t e c t u r e to I suit F a t h e r s of t h e Archdiocese of Catholic churches, it is a curious B o m b a y . A p p l i c a n t s a r e received fact t h a t a m o n g one sect of Hindus, irrespective of c a s t e or religion, Moslems a t least, t h e r e is a tendency to and m a n y P r o t e s t a n t s , a n d H i n d u s enrolled. The school adopt C h r i s t i a n a r c h i t e c t u r e . opened a m o n t h a g o with 80 m e n T h e new R a m K r i s h n a Temple, a t t e n d i n g t h e c o u r s e s ; this n u m which is being erected a t Belur ber h a s now risen t o 258. a b o u t four miles from t h i s city, is A h m e d a b a d h a s become in r e probably t h e first Hindu temple to be built in distinct resemblance to cent y e a r s one of t h e most i m p o r t a C h r i s t i a n church. It h a s a long a n t i n d u s t r i a l t o w n s of India. c e n t r a l n a v e and a s a n c t u a r y a t T h e r e h a s b e e n a s t e a d y flow of people of all clases from the the- f u r t h e r end. c o u n t r y to t h i s city. A m o n s t h e T h e Calcutta Herald, in i t s issue new a r r i v a l s a r e m a n y Catholics, of October 13, f u r n i s h e s a picture and it w a s w i t h a view to completof t h e n e w temple m a d e from a ing t h e i r Catholic instruction a n d danger model executed in clay. The de- p r o t e c t i n g t h e m f r o m th sign is clearly one of r a r e a r t i s t i c of c o m m u n i s t i c ideas, as veil a s t o their social status, b e a u t y , a distinctly Indian c h a r a c t - i m p r o v i n g er being at the same t i m e which is v e r y low a t present, t h a t < t h e n i g h t school w a s s t a r t e d discernible. (Lumen-Herald).

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THE KING OF RUANDA WRITES ON CHRIST THE KING. R u a n d a (Central Africa).—An a r t i c l e on t h e r e l a t i o n s between rulers and their subjects, written b y K i n g M u t a r a I V of R u a n d a , is published in t h e O c t o b e r issue of K i n y a m a t e k a . H e s a y s t h a t all t h o s e w h o exercise p o w e r should remember that their authority comes f r o m Christ, t h e T r u e King, a n d t h a t t h e y fulfill t h e i r office a s H i s r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s ; t h e people, in t u r n , should not f o r g e t t h a t a n offence t o t h e i r s u p e r i o r s is a n offence a g a i n s t God. T h e K i n g concludes h i s article t h u s : " W h a t I feel d e e p in m y h e a r t i s t h i s , t h a t it i s t o n o profit for a m a n t o rule w i t h t h e intent i o n of g e t t i n g r i c h a n d of living on h i s s u b j e c t s . C h i e f s should exe r c i s e t h e i r power f o r t h e sole p u r p o s e of securing t h e welfare of t h e i r people. P a r e n t s s h o u l d comm a n d t h e i r children w i t h the t h o u g h t of helping t h e m . Jesus C h r i s t c a m e n o t t o live a t our exp e n s e b u t t o suffer f o r u s a n d so t o s a v e u s ; so also m u s t t h e y do w h o h e r e below c o m m a n d in His place. T h e y should a l s o r e m e m b e r t h a t if t h e y a r e concerned only w i t h t h e m a t e r i a l well-being of t h e i r s u b j e c t s , t h e y will gain n o t h i n g ; if t h e y fail t o guide TiEe people t o w a r d s t h e K i n g , t o w a r d s J E m r Wha h a s . e n t r u s t e d t o t h e m t h e i r subjects, t h e y will be unfaithful. " W h a t I wish t o s e e h e r e in R u a n d a , looking a t t h e question f r o m t h e o t h e r side, i s t h e people o b e y i n g t h e i r chiefs, f o r this m e a n s t h a t t h e y obey God W h o g a v e t h e whole u n i v e r s e i t s law. E v e r y t h i n g in a m a n disposes h i m t o b e commanded b e c a u s e h e knows t h a t t h e r e i s no p o w e r except t h a t w h i c h comes from God. Hence, if a n y o n e offends his chief, h e offends God. I t is well t h a t chiefs should e n f o r c e l a w s w o r t h y of o u r T r u e King, Jesus Christ, for Whom they r u l e . T h e s e laws m u s t n o t be un-

j u s t n o r d e m a n d i n g a n y t h i n g ex-1 c e p t w h a t is s a l u t a r y for t h e people. " I sincerely w i s h t h a t o u r R u a n d a m a y be whole a n d e n t i r e for J e s u s C h r i s t , t h a t e v e r y o n e m a y know H i s Will a n d do it, a n d t h a t I too m a y really a n d t r u l y rule for Him. P r a y for m e t h a t I m a y r e i g n in H i ? N a m e a s a n obedient child and n o t a s a c r i n g i n g slave." Ruanda-Urundi, at the northern end of L a k e T a n g a n i y k a , borders o n t h e Belgian Congo a n d h a s been u n d e r Belgian m a n d a t e since t h e W o r l d W a r . A t p r e s e n t it Is t h e c e n t r e of t h e m o s t progressive r e g i o n of Catholic missionary work. (Fides). !

BOOT VC jSPEED

London.—Bishop O t t o Raible, of t h e Pallottine Fathers, newly elected V i c a r Apostolic of Kimberley, A u s t r a l i a , i s b e i n g accompanied t o h i s mission b y t w o German d o c t o r s w h o will r e n d e r medical service t o t h e n a t i v e s of n o r t h western Australia. One of t h e d o c t o r s , Prof. John B e t z , studied a t t h e Universities of Berlin a n d W u r z b u r g a n d a t t h e I n s t i t u t e for Tropical Diseases a t Hamburg. H e also practised in Dublin where h e was attached to S t . V i n c e n t ' s H o s p i t a l . H i s wife, D r . Ludowina Betz, worked for s e v e r a l y e a r s in E m a k u k u , southe r n N i g e r i a , a n d built t h e r e a hospital and a dispensary. An i t e m in t h e Year-Book of t h e Ca t h o l i c Medical I n s t i t u t e of W u r z b u r g s a y s t h a t in one y e a r she gave 22,000 consultation for v a r i o u s tropical d i s e a s e s . Professor H e r m a n n Nekes, a well k n o w n a u t h o r i t y on ethnology a n d linguistics, i s also in Bishop R a i b l e ' s p a r t y . H e will s t u d y t h e l a n g u a g e s of t h e aboriginal t r i b e s of N o r t h w e s t e r n A u s t r a l i a . (Fides).

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OUR SERIAL STORY (Continued

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h u s b a n d had been equipped for t h e b a t t l e of life; h e h a d fallen feebly a t t h e first b r u n t , a n d only t h e mother-love t h a t h a d become t h e d o m i n a n t passion of h e r h e a r t h a d k e p t A u d r e y in t h e fight for h e r child. And, oh, t h e years, t h e d r e a r y , soulless y e a r s of t h a t fight for b r e a d and life! A n d now A u n t Selina w a s dead, a n d s h e — A u d r e y M a r r — w a s heira t - l a w ! As all t h e m e a n i n g of t h o s e words d a w n e d upon h e r a fierce^ wild t r i u m p h swept over h e r t h a t w a s almost m a d n e s s in i t s p a s s i o n a t e relief. S h e flung h e r self d o w n beside t h e bed a n d c a u g h t t h e f r i g h t e n e d child in h e r a r m s , sobbing a n d t r e m b l i n g a s t h r o u g h all t h e i r t r i a l s Maysie h a d n e v e r seen h e r sob a n d tremble before. " M a m a ! M a m a ! " she cried in t e r r o r , "oh, w h a t is it ? A m I sick — a m I dying, m a m a ? Oh, I h e a r d Mrs. Marcy s a y t h a t I wouldn't live long. A m I d y i n g now, like ooor papa?" " M y darling, m y d a r l i n g ! N o — n o — n o ! You a r e going to live, Maysie, live, m y d a r l i n g , m y baby? live—live! M a m a is t r e m b l i n g with joy for you—only w i t h joy, Maysie. Listen, d a r l i n g ; t h e l e t t e r you b r o u g h t m e j u s t n o w h a d news for us—wonderful n e w s . Everything h a s changed for u s , Maysie. We a r e going to b e rich a n d happy, and live in a big, beautiful house, w i t h t r e e s and flowers all around it, w h e r e you will g r o w well and strong." "A big, beautiful house with t r e e s and flowers," echoed Maysie eagerly. "Will it h a v e a fireescape, m a m a , a nice fire-escape like t h i s ? " "Oh, m y darling, it will h a v e much b e t t e r t h a n a fire-escape. I

Wide porches all a r o u n d w i t h roses; climbing on t h e m , Maysie, pink: and w h i t e r o s e s t h a t you can. w r e a t h e in y o u r h a i r . A n d a greem lawn s t r e t c h i n g f a r a w a y , with a. fountain in it, a n d nice b r o w n cows s t a n d i n g in t h e g r a s s t o give you. fresh, sweet milk." "And—and—will you h a v e to sew all d a y t o p a y t h e r e n t m a m a ? " a s k e d Maysie anxiously."Oh, m y d a r l i n g , no. T h e r e will be no r e n t t o p a y . I t will b e ours— o u r very own, o u r own beautiful home. F o r t h e old a u n t w h o took c a r e of m e w h e n I w a s a little girl: is dead, Maysie, a n d all t h a t sheh a d is now y o u r s and m i n e , m y darling, y o u r s a n d m i n e — h o u s e a n d lands a n d money, flowers, fruit,, p r e t t y clothes, e v e r y t h i n g you can. a s k for, w i s h for, darling, will b e y o u r s and m i n e — y o u r s a n d mine.'* " T o keep, m a m a ? " — t h e r e was a little troubled note in t h e bewildered voice—"ours t o keep f o r e v e r and ever?" " O u r s t o keep forever a n d ever,"' repeated h e r m o t h e r , a n d h e r eyes kindled a n d h e r voice r o s e in passionate t r i u m p h . " A n d — a n d — n o one c a n t a k e it from us m a m a ? " said Maysie, ini whose brief life all good t h i n g s h a d been held on m o s t u n c e r t a i n t e r m s . " N o one can t a k e it from us, darling," echoed t h e m o t h e r , and she kissed t h e pale, u p t u r n e d brow. " A n d now lie down and t h i n k a b o u t it all, while I go out and b r i n g you s t r a w b e r r i e s — r i p e , red s t r a w b e r ries and nice, rich cream, Maysie. It will be s t r a w b e r r i e s a n d cream and e v e r y t h i n g you wish for now. darling, in all t h e days, t h e weeks, t h e y e a r s t o come. You a r e going t o live at last, m y pale little flower — t o live—at l a s t — a t l a s t ! "


17

SPORTS

NOTES

C A T H O L I C S IN T H E LIMELIGHT (By O u r Own Correspondent.)

HOCKEY

S I N G A P O R E B E A T N G G R I BY T H R E E GOALS. Singapore defeated t h e N e g r i at Hockey at Seremban on N o v e m b e r 3 0 t h b y 3 goals. M. Vaiberg w a s one of t h o s c o r e r s . Manuel in t h e h o m e goal v a s q u i t e overworked b u t passed t h r o u g h t h e ordeal c r e d i t a b l y .

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SELWYN CLARKE TROPHY. Medicoes B e a t Raffles College. Raffles College w a s badly b e a t e n by t h e Medicoes l a s t S a t u r d a y in t h e I n t e r College Hockey ^ A n n u a l for t h e Selwyn Clarke t r o p h y . Messrs. J. S. de Souza and V. Bracken u m p i r e d . T h e score w a s 5 to nil-

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T h e Combined Schools' side of Singapore w h i c h m e t t h e S . R . C on W e d n e s d a y included only one J o s e p h i a n n a m e l y Gerald Clarke, Son of Mr. a n d M r s . C. H . Clarke of R a c e C o u r s e Road. ST. F R A N C I S I N S T B E A T T H E H I G H SCHOOL S t . F r a n c i s I n s t i t u t i o n of Malacca b e a t t h e H i g h School L t H o t k e y and r e t a i n e d t h e Clarke Cup on t h e i r o w n g r o u n d on N o v e m b e r 3 0 t h . b y 4 goals t o one. Miguelin Toledo, t h e S.F.I, skipp e r w a s o u t s t a n d i n g a t centre-half D. Hendroff w a s v e r y cool a t fullback C. Carvallo got t h e t h e 1st S.F.I. goal. O. Carvalho n e t t e d t h e second a n d t h e n A. de Silva p u t t h e i s s u e beyond dou^t.

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MALACCA D E F E A T SINGAPORE Malacca d e f e a t e d S i n g a p o r e a t Hockey on S u n d a y l a s t a t Malacca by 2 goals. T h e g r o u n d w a s q u i t e unfit for a n y semblance of t r u e hockey however. A l c a n t a r a w a s safe in t h e Malacca goal. T h e De Souzas provided stiff opposition. Skadian, Leon and Toledo w e r e splendid in t h e pivot line.

RUGGER. SINGAPORE ASIATICS B E A T NEGRI BLUES. H. L. Boon played brilliantly for t h e Singapore Asiatics a g a i n s t t h e N e g r i Sembilan all B i j e s last Saturday at the Jalan Besar Stadium. H e eclipsed P i n t o , his opposite n u m b e r , completely. We t r u s t t h a t t h e l a t t e r will soon recover his old f o r m and live u p t o t h e fine r e p u t a t i o n h e built u p for himself. S t a n l e y S t e w a r t a n d Dr. C. J. Oliveiro did all t h a t was asked of t h e m and cer ainly helped t o b r i n g victory to t h e local side. F o r t h e N e g r i , L. Carrol, A. Rozario, G. Gomes, S. M a r t y n , E . Rozario, A. C h a p m a n , A. Kinsey, P . Scully a n d R. N e w m a n s t r u g g l e d from s t a r t to finish to r e v e r s e t h e score b u t t h e i r efforts proved futile- T h e S i n g a p o r e Side h a d no experience of r e p r e s e n t a t i v e r u g b y a n d c e r t a i n l y deserve p r a i s e for t h e i r fine win. f

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CRICKET.

AUSTRALIA'S INNINGS WIN OVER CEYLON. R. O x e n h a m , t h e Queensland bowler, w a s in brilliant f o r m w h e n t h e A u s t r a l i a n t e a m " m e t Ceylon recently in a m a t c h a t Colombo. H e took, 9 wickets for 18 r u n s including t h e h a t trick in Ceylon's first innings, w hich totalled 96. T h e 10th wicket w a s t a k e n b y H . Ironmonger, t h e v e t e r a n A u s t r a lian t e s t m a t c h bowler, w h o , like Oxenham is a Catholic. A u s t r a lia scored 334 a n d dismissed Ceylon a second t i m e for 111, t h u s winn i n g bv a n i n n i n g s and 127 r u n s . * * * ** A U S T R A L I A N S IN S O U T H AFRICA. The A u s t r a l i a n s in South Africa defeated t h e W e s t e r n Provinces at the Cricket. Fieetwood-Smi h, visitors' Catholic bowler c a p t u r e d 7 for 71 a n d t h e n 5 for 32. Fingleton scored 53 r u n s . T

f

HOLY INNOCENTS ENGLISH SCHOOL. Inter-House Games & T o u r n a m e n t s 1935. T h e Annual I n t e r - H o u s e Football L e a g u e for t h e Bishop of Malacca, Monsignor A. Devals' Cup was concluded on Tuesday, 26th November, w h e n t h e Rest T e a m beat t h e Champions, Becheras House, by t h r e e goals to one. A m o n g those p r e s e n t vrere Rev. F r s . F . Becheras, t h e benefactor of t h e school, M. Koh, t h e Director and t h e p a r e n t s of t h e pupils. A t t h e conclusion of t h e game, t h e S p o r t s m a s t e r , Mr. Tay, before calling on Rev. Fr- E. Becheras to give a w a y t h e Cup *md medals to t h e Champion Team, t h a n k e d him

for his presence a n d h i s i n t e r e s t in t h e school, a n d c o n g i a t u l a t e d t h e winners. T h e r e s u l t s of t h e T o u r n a m e n t a r e a s follows:— P . W. L. D. P t s . B e c h e r a s House 6 4 1 1 9 L a u r e n t House 6 3 1 2 8 Salailles House 6 2 3 1 5 Duvelle House 6 1 5 0 2 Badminton T o u r n a m e n t 1935. A . W i n n e r . Lee Hock N u m (Duvelle H o u s e ) R u n n e r - u p . T a y Keok H e n f (Becheras H o u s e ) B . W i n n e r . Low Khoou Hong (Becheras H o u s e ) R u n n e r - u p . Lee K h e n ~ C h i a n g (Laurent House)

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16

AROUND THE PARISHES SINGAPORE,

PENANG, KUALA LUMPUR, IPOH, SEREM8AN, KLANG,, TELUK ANSON, TAIPING, KEDAH.

SINGAPORE C A T H E D R A L OF THE SHEPHERD. o Baptisms.

GOOD

N o v e m b e r 28. Rosalind Mary, daughter of Arthur Joseph B e v e r i d g e a n d Sheila M a r y B e v e r i d g e , b o r n on N o v e m b e r 7, 1935. Godparents: Oswald William Mc S h e e h y a n d Violet Mary Laing. N o v e m b e r 30. Marie Francoise L o u i s e , d a u g h t e r of P a u l E d w a r d A l e x a n d e r Anthoine-Milhomme and Marie Christine Gabrielle P i e r r e Anthoine-Milh o m m e , b o r n on October 13, 1935. Godparents: Gabriel Anthoine-Milhomme and Lisol e t t e F e l i c i t a s Millner ( P r o x y : Felix H e n r i M a r i e T a t i n ) . D e c e m b e r 1. Sheila Ivy M a r y , daughter of S t a n l e y Walter Joseph Robins and Beatrice R o b i n s , b o r n on N o v e m b e r 18, 1935. Godparents: Peter Mack a n d L o u i s a Mack. December 1. Yvonne Celine, a d o p t e d d a u g h t e r of J o e S t a n l e y Chaine and Geralda Eulaly Chaine, b o r n on October 8, 1935. Godparents: Emmanuel Antonio H e n d r i c k s a n d Kathleen Gregory. Marriage. N o v e m b e r 30, 1935, a t t h e C a t h e d r a l of T h e Good Shephed, Singapore, Cyril Adolphus de V r i e s , s o n of t h e l a t e D r . E d w i n H e n r y d e V r i e s a n d May Cecile de V r i e s t o M a r g u e r i t e d a Silva d a u g h t e r of t h e l a t e L a u r e n c e d a Silva a n d B e r t h a da Silva. T h e b r i d e i s t h e g r a n d d a u g h t e r of t h e l a t e M r . G. S. R e u t e n s , O r g a n i s t of t h e C a t h e d r a l . Spons o r s : D r . G. B . L e i c e s t e r a n d Josephine Mary Peralta.

CONGRATULATIONS! ON BEHALF OF THE CLERGY O F T H E DIOCESE OF MALACCA, OF THE MEMB E R S OF. T H E CATHOLIC ACTION, OF T H E R E A P E R S OF T H E M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R A N D OF ALL T H E CATHOLICS OF MALAYA, W E O F F E R OUR MOST H E A R T Y CONGRATULATIONS TO T H E REV. F R S . R. ASHNiSSS A N D P. VONG ON T H E OCCASION OF T H E I R E L B V A I I O N TO T H E PRIESTHOOD, A N D W E P R A Y GOD T H A T HE M A Y GIVE THEM LONG AND F R U I T F U L Y E A R S I N HIS SERVICE. " B L E S S E D B E THEY WHO COME I N T H E N A M E OF T H E LORD!" (Malaya Catholic L e a d e r ) . SINGAPORE ENGAGEMENT. T h e E n g a g m e n t is a n n o u n c e d (on t h e 3 0 t h N o v e m b e r ) of M r . F . X. A n t h o n y of t h e T h e Royal A i r Force. Station (Sanitary Dept.) S i n g a p o r e . T o Miss S u s a n De C o s t a eldest d a u g h t e r ci M r s . E . D e C o s t a of B a n d a P r a y a , Malacca.

C A T H E D R A L O F T H E GOOD SHEPHERD. C a t h o l i c Action M e e t i n g . A m e e t i n g of t h e Society was held a t t h e Catholic Club on Sunday last. Prior to the meeting a g r o u p p h o t o g r a p h of t h e m e m b e r s w a s t a k e n outside t h e C a t h e d r a l of T h e Good S h e p h e r d . Rev. F a t h e r N . M a u r y , t h e Spiritual Director, D r . P . C. F e r n a n d e z , t h e P r e s i d e n t , a n d Mr. W. F . Mosbergen, t h e vice-president, p r e s i d i n g . A f t e r t h e m i n u t e s of t h e l a s t m e e t ing w e r e r e a d by t h e H o n . Secret a r y a n d confirmed, m a n y i t e m s of i n t e r e s t w e r e discusesd f o r t h e f u r t h e r a n c e of activity of t h e members.

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CHURCH

OF THE SACRED HEART. Catholic Action Society. A t t h e General M e e t i n g of t h e Catholic Action Society, C h u r c h of t h e Sacred H e a r t , T a n k Road, held on t h e 1st i n s t . a t t h e Action's p r e m i s e s , Mr. Chan Yee L i m w a s maintained as President by the Rev. F a t h e r Spiritual Director, and t h e following office b e a r e r s were elected for t h e e n s u i n g y e a r : Vice-President—Mr. Chee Nian Hee. S e c r e t a r y — M r . W o n g Y u n Hoi. Chinese S e c r e t a r y — M r . C h o n g Yuk Chung. T r e a s u r e r — M r . Seow Seet Y o n g . A u d i t o r — M r . W o n g F o o k On. Superintendent—Mr. Lee Seng. # * * * Marriage. The m a r r i a g e w a s solemnised on t h e t h e 3 0 t h November of J o h n B a p t i s t C h a y Yee Soh, son of M r . Chay A h N g a m t o T e r e s a C h a n Siew N g o ; d a u g h t e r of M r . C h a n Ah Toh. ORDINATIONS A T GOA" A m o n g t h e 15 Deacons w h o were Ordained in t h e C a t h e d r a l of St. C a t h e r i n e , Old Goa on 13th October w a s M a t h i a s Cami* dos Remedios b r o t h e r of B . M. R e m e dios of I p o h brother-in-law of C. B. Gomes of Kuala L u m p u r . " S T . JOSEPH'S CHURCH. Baptisms. Nov. 2 8 t h Lionel Louis Z u z a r t e , born on t h e 21st November, son of I g n a t i u s Z u z a r t e a n d of Wilhelmina M a r g a r e t Z u z a r t e . God-parents:—Gonsalo Ischyrion Z u z a r t e and Feliciana de Rozario. Dec. 1st Maurice Basil Gomes, born on t h e 8 t h N o v e m b e r 1935, son of Leopold Gomes, a n d of E u g e n i e Adelaide Gomes. Godparents :—Augustine Rodrigues a n d M a r j o r i e Rodriguez. Dec. 1st. Lilian Rodrigues, born on t h e 12th October, 1935, d a u g h t e r of J o h n Rodrigues, and of Wilhelmina P e r e i r a . Godmother:— Domingas Pereira. * * * * Marriage. Nov. 3 0 t h N o r m a n V i c t o r J e n s e n , son of H e n r y Phillip J a n s e n and of A g n e s Monteiro t o M a r y Lim, d a u g h t e r of Lim L o n g and of Teo P o h Moey.

A group photo t a k e n on t h e eve of Mr. J a m e s J o h n ' s t r a n s f e r from Ipoh t o K e l a n t a n .

KUALA LUMPUR ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. D r . L. S. P e r e r a t o a d d r e s s on t h e life fo S t . F r a n c i s X a v i e r . On t h e occasion of t h e solemnity of t h e F e a s t of St. F r a n c i s Xavier, P a t r o n of Catholic Actionists, on Sunday, 15th December, 1935, w h e n a High Mass will be s u n g a t t h e Church of S t . J o h n t h e E v a n g e l i s t , Dr. L a w r e n c e S. P e r e r a , L.M.S-, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. ( L o n d o n ) , will deliver a l e c t u r e on t h e " L i f e of t h e S a i n t " a t 10 a.m. a t t h e B r o t h e r s ' School to which all a r e cordially invited

PERSONALIA. M r . a n d Mrs. M. F Gomes, t h e i r son Mr. B. F . Gomes a n d two o t h e r children left for Goa b y t h e s.s. " Conte Rosso " on N o v e m b e r 14th on a six m o n t h s ' holiday. B o t h f a t h e r and son a r e s t a u n c h m e m b e r s of t h e S t . J o h n ' s C a t h o lic Action Society a n d t h e y go a t t h i s p a r t of t h e y e a r b e c a u s e in Goa religious festivities s t a r t by t h e 2 4 t h of November w i t h t h e N o v e n a in honour of St. F r a n c i s X a v i e r a n d end b y a b o u t April n e x t y e a r w i t h E a s t e r . M r . and Mrs. Gomes and family t a k e with t h e m t h e very good w i s h e s of all Actionists.

SEREMBAN F r . P . V o n g to s a y first h i g h M a s s at M a n t i n . Rev. F a t h e r Paul Vong, w h o was ordained t o t h e p r i e s t h o o d in t h e Chapel of t h e College G e n e r a l of t h e P a r i s Foreign Missions a t Pen a n g , T u e s d a y last, F e a s t of St. F r a n c i s Xavier, will c e l e b r a t e his F i r s t Solemn High M a s s on S u n d a y next, F e a s t of t h e Immaculate Conception of t h e Blessed Virgin Mary, in t h e c h u r c h of S t . Aloysius, a t M a n t i n ( N e g r i S e m b i l a n ) . A f t e r Mass, a reception will be held in honour of t h e n e w p r i e s t in t h e j c h u r c h ground.

EXHIBITION A T CONVENT O F T H E HOLY I N F A N T J E S U S . SINGAPORE. A n E x h i b i t i o n of Needlework,, D r a w i n g , H a n d w o r k , and of v a r i o u s f o r m s of A r t , w a s held a t o u r Conv e n t h e r e on 2 n d December. T h e hall, as u s u a l , w a s full t o overflowing of well a r r a n g e d stalls ; and there was a constant stream of i n t e r e s t e d visitors, d u r i n g t h e day.. T h e whole show revealed a wonderful display of h i g h l y finished a n d useful work. M a n y w e r e not a w a r e t h a t so m u c h p r a c t i c a l knowledgein a r t a n d needlework w a s i m p a r t ed t o t h e pupils of o u r Singapore schools, a n d even t h e p a r e n t s of t h e pupils w e r e h a p p y t o see t h e i r children's h a n d i c r a f t on lisplay. L a d y T h o m a s visited * h e E x h i b i t i o n between 10 a n d 11 a.m a n d expressed h e r h i g h appreciation of all t h e w o r k done. She too wa& s u r p r i s e d t h a t s o m u c h ^ould b e done. T h e A r t M a s t e r , Mr. Walker, m a d e a round of t h e stalls, and showed g r e a t i n t e r e s t , n;>t only in t h e d r a w i n g a n d h a n d w o r k , but in t h e g r e a t v a r i e t y of well designed needlework, fancy cushions and woodwork. T h e R e f r e s h m e n t Stall »*un by a n u m b e r of old pupils attached t o t h e C.O.M. Sodality, who have c h a r g e of a F u n d for helping noor children outside t h e C o m e n t , was, j u d g i n g by t h e a c t i v i t y n its surr o u n d i n g s , a h u g e succass. T h e g e n e r o u s donors and firms who furnished e v e r y t h i n g on t h i s stall d e s e r v e much p r a i s e for t h e i r great charity.

RENE ULLMANN for JEWELLERY of every description and THE BEST WATCHES RENE ULLMANN Raffles Place.—Singapore.

m i mm

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M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R ,

AROUND

THE PARISHES KEDAH

PENANG C H U R C H O F OUR L A D Y

OF

SORROWS. Baptism—Marriage. A p r e t t y w e d d i n g w a s solemnise d a t t h e C h u r c h of O u r L a a y of S o r r o w s , P e n a n g , on S a t u r d a y , 30 November 1935; t h e contracting p a r t i e s being Mr. P . J . E e , of t h e E a s t e r n S m e l t i n g Co. Ltd., second son of Mr. a n d Mrs- F r a n c i s J . Ee, and Miss A n n i e T o h Soon Tay, second d a u g h t e r of Mr. a n d Mrs. Toh P o h Oh. R e v . F r . R. De Souza officiated... The b r i d e w a s b a p t i s e d on F r i d a y , 2 9 t h N o v e m b e r , a t 5.30 p.m., Rev. F r . R. D e Souza officiating, a n d M r s . P D e Souza of MacAlister Road s t a n d i n g godmother. A f t e r t h e nuptial m a s s , a Menvenue w a s held a t " S t . J o s e p h ' s C o t t a g e , " 334—A, B u r m a h Road, P e n a n g , w h e r e a good n u m b e r of g u e s t s a n d r e l a t i v e s w e r e gathered.

IPOH

M a s t e r L a m Tsui L o n g of St. Michael's I n s t i t u t i o n won by a wide m a r g i n of m a r k s t h e C h e a h C h e a n g L i m Scholarship t h i s year. M a s t e r T s u i L o n g is j u s t over 13 y e a r s o l d — t h e a g e limit above w h i c h c a n d i d a t e s m u s t be t o be eligible for e n t r a n c e .

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Rev. F a t h e r S y l v e s t e r is expecte d t o a r r i v e in Ipoh on W e d n e s d a y , 4 t h I n s t . F r o m S u n d a y n e x t onw a r d s , t h e r e will b e t w o M a s s e s a t S t , Michael's on S u n d a y s .

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H . E . Bishop Devals visits S t . Michael's School.

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The Members of the Old M i c h a e l i a n s ' Association w e r e t h e g u e s t s of t h e Old B o y s of S t . George's, Taiping, d u r i n g t h e last week-end f o r t h e Second A n n u a l Inter-Association m e e t . A full acc o u n t will be given n e x t week. * * * * F A R E W E L L T O MR. J A M E S JOHN. T h e C h o i r s t e r s of t h e C h u r c h of Our L a d y of L o u r d e s assembled a t t h e P a r o c h i a l house on t h e eve of t h e d e p a r t u r e of Mr. J a m e s J o h n of t h e D i s t r i c t E n g i n e e r ' s Office, F.M.S. Railways, Ipoh t o Kelantan, t o h o n o u r him f o r t h e valuable services h e r e n d e r e d t h e Choir d u r i n g his s t a y in Ipoh. A g r o u p photo w a s t a k e n ; t h e n followed a Tea P a r t y . T h e Rev. F r . J . Edmor.d in his speech appreciated t h e guest's valuable service in t h e C h u r c h Choir a n d w a s pleased to r e m a r k t h a t h e possessed a c h a r a c t e r t h a t w a s so agreeable t o h s fellow friends. I n conclusion h e w^'hed Mr. J a m e s t h e b e s t of uck and hoped t h a t h e would be of a s much service and usefulness t o h i s new friends. Messrs- J. A. T h i v y a n d J. E m m a n u e l also eulogised t h e good qualities of t h e g u e s t . T » all this, M. J S m e s suitably replied. KLANG. CHURCH OF OUR LADY OF LOURDES. R E Q U I E M H I G H MASS* A n a n n i v e r s a r y R e q u i e m High Mass will be s u n g a t t h e C h u r c h of O u r L a d y of L o u r d e s , K)ang, on Monday 9 t h December 1925 a t 6.30 a m . for t h e repose of t h e soul of M r s . W h i l e m i n a Louiza Rodrigues, l a t e wife of Mr. G. M- Rodrigues, C h a r t e r e d Bank, K l a n g . ;

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19

7 t h DECEMBER, 1935.

The great interest which you take in our School, very dear Rev. Mother, is proved by the regular visits of our dear Madams to Alor Star, and the terminal tests set, and supervised, in our Alma Mater in Penang. It is also our privilege to address a few words of thanks to your Highness, Tunku Yacob, for your appreciated patronage of our little school, which owes much of its success to your kindly encouragement.

FRIENDS OF SCHOOL THANKED. His Excellency Monsignor Devals And to you dear parents, and friends Bishop of Malacca, visited Kedah on Nov. 23rd. and administered confirmation of the school, we offer our thanks for at Alor Star on Sunday, and at the honour you pay us by your presence here this evening and especially for the Changium on Monday. 53 were contrust which you place in us by sending firmed at Alor Star. In honour of the distinguished you? little ones to our dear school. We visitor the St. Michael's School, Alor hope we shall receive many more pupils Star, gave a concert on Saturday even- whom we shall willingly teach to be ing, among those present being H. H. good citizens, with a veritable sense of Tunku Yacob, the Hon. Mr. S. W. Jones duty and uprightness. It is with joy that we see our dear (British Adviser), Mr. E. de la M. Parish Priest, Father Bonamy, among Stowell (Superintendent of Education), Revd. Father Bonamy, and the Lady the visitors this evening, when we take the occasion to thank him for his untirSuperior of the Penang Convent. The entertainment which lasted two ing zeal on our behalf. hours, was a great success. The sketch Now, My Lord, Your Highnesses, entittled "The Penghulu's Wise Deci- dear Rev. Mother, Ladies, and Gentlesion" was adjudged the best of the men, while thanking you once more for fourteen items staged and it was award- your amiable presence, we shall ask you ed a cup. Another silver cup was pre- to overlook the shortcomings of this sented to the Young Recreation Club entertainment, which, though far from Party who played selections which were perfect, is our attempt at expressing at The programme the same time our affection and gratitude greatly appreciated. was as follows:— for the general goodwill which our ST. MICHAEL'S SCHOOL CONCERT school enjoys. Michael!ans March. BISHOP'S IlEPLY. 1. Prologue The Bishop in reply thanked the Staff 2. A Mean Trick and the School for their entertainment 3. Our Professions and congratulated them on their suc4. Merry Melodians' Waltz cesses which reflected great credit upon 5. Words For Sale teachers and pupils alike. He had 6. The Fish Seller heard that everyone had passed their 7. Negro Melodies examination and he hoped the School 8. Kronchong by Y. R. C. Music would continue to flourish and expand. Party Concluding, His Excellency paid a well9. Persevere ,deserved tribute to the Reverend Mother 10. The Penghulu's Wise Decision who had opened and "who was devoting 11. Lang-Ting-Tang Man so much care to so many schools. He 12. Baa-Baa-Baa announced that with her permission the 13. The Young Musicians following day would be a holiday for 14. Professor Knows All them. 15. Our Youngsters Bid You At the end of the show Bishop ART AND WORK EXHIBITION. Devals congratulated the Headmaster In connection with the visit an Exhi(Mr. K. Nishikawa), the §taff, and the bition of Art and Handwork produced by boys on the progress they had made. the Pupils, wtes held at the Convent THE PRIZES. School, on Saturday and Sunday. The On Sunday Bishop Devals gave away exhibits ranged from drawings and the prizes at the St. Nicholas Convent cuttings to rugs and cushions, and inSchool, Alor Star. Those present in- cluded crochetwork, needlework, bags, cluded H. H. Tunku Yacob, H. H. Tunku flowers, beadwork—all of which spoke Md. Jewa, H. H. Tunku Hamzah of well for the painstaking efforts of those Kelantan, the parents of the pupils, and responsible for their production. other friends of the School. SUCCESSFUL ENTERTAINMENT. TAIPING. The prize-distribution was preceded by a short entertainment which was a success in every way. After the openMARRIAGE. ing address, Primary I gave a display o of physical drill, keeping time with Taveira—Koenitz. accuracy. Next, Primary II gave a A pretty wedding was solemnised at recitation, after which there was more the Church of Our Lady of the Sacred physical drill by Standards I, II, III Heart, Taiping, on Saturday the 30th and IV, and an action-song by Primary November, the contracting parties being I. A song in parts by the Malay pupils Miss Claire Koenitz, only daughter of was perhaps the best item of the evening, the girls singing with a unison Mrs. Gladys Koenitz, Teacher of the King Edward VII School, and the late that must have involved a great deal Mr. Koenitz, and Mr. Charles Taveira, of practice. A playlet by Primary II third son of Mr. and Mrs. L. Taveira of and a song by Standards I, II, III and Taiping. IV were the two last items. The bride, who was given away by her After the prizes had been distributed Miss M. Lawrence, the Head Mistress, uncle, Mr. H. Leech, looked charming in a high-necked, gleaming white satin made the following speech:— gown cut on classical lines with closeMEADMISTRESS' ADDRESS. My Lord, Your Highnesses, dear Rev. fitting sleeves. The long skirt fell gracefully with a wide flare. A wreath Mother, Ladies, and Gentlemen. It is with real joy that we assemble of orange-blossoms formed a becoming frame for the pretty tulle veil. White here this evening to greet you. Mingled satin shoes completed the ensemble. with this feeling of joy is one of She carried a bouquet of beaumontia supreme happiness which the presence lilies. of HJs Lordship, our dear Bishop The bridesmaid was Miss. Sybil Devals, inspires. We feel highly honJumeaux, cousin of the bride, and Miss oured and greatly privileged in having Peggy Helmer was ffower-girl while the in our midst his Lordship who has gladly condescended this evening to bridegroom was supported by Mr. Terrance Koenitz. Dr. and Mrs. M. T. de preside over our School Exhibition, and Silva acted at sponsors. we thank you. My Lord, for the paternal The bridesmaid's frock was of printed and encouragement with solicitude yellow silk. She carried a sheaf of which you have followed all our attempts cannas in matching shade. from the very foundation of our little Rev. Father Dupoirieux offi iated. school^ After the Church ceremony a recepBut, we children and teachers of St. Nicholas School, have another reason to tion was held at the house o the bride's mother at King Edward Road rejoice. It is the presence of our dear where Mrs. Koenitz entertained a large R.*v. Mother St. Tarcisius. without whom indeed this little function would be number of guests. Mr. R. P. S. Walker proposed the toast quite incomplete. P is our opportunity to thank her for of the happy couple to which the brideLater the the constant interest she shows in every groom suitably replied. detail connected with St. Nicholas' couple left for Penang amjd a shower of confetti. School. The bride's going away dress consisted We feel that her maternal love has no small objective in this little eoroer of a tunic of red and white on a vhite ground. Her small shallow hat was of of her vast vineyard, and though disstraw trimmed with red. tance divides us from our dear Mother's .white Mr. and Mrs. Charles Taveira were piesence, yet it does not sever the the recipients of a large number of st?ong bonds which unite us to our dear valuable presents. Alma Mater. f

INTER-SCHOOL SCHOLARSHIP W O N B Y S. M. I. B O Y .

*

CONFIRMATION SERVICE IN ALOR S T A R .

SATURDAY,

e

MERCANTILE

INSTITUTE.

61, Waterloo Street, Phone 5755. Has accommodation for boys from Primary to Senior Cambridge and Commercial. Astounding results in ^ A J m ^ N O Q N ^ L A S S E S : Snort, hand, Typewriting, Book-Keeping and other Commercial Subjects taught. For all EVENING CLASSES: Commercial Subjects and Practical English Classes for Adults based on B a s k English. LANGUAGES: Latin and French taught by a former teacher of Raffles and St. Joseph's Institutions EVENING CAMBRIDGE CLASHES: These classes will commence provided sufficient number of students enroL Commercial and Evening Cambridge Classes are open to girls. Religions instructions givea to Catholic Children guided by a Catholic Minister. "The best known and the largest school"—Straits Times/Free Press. J*or particulars apply to Director of Studies.

TELUK ANSON. Convent School E x h i b i t i o n . T h e a n n u a l e x h i b i t i o n of needlew o r k was held a t t h e C o n v e n t School, Teluk A n s o n , on t h e 2 1 s t of November 1935. M r s . De Moubray, t h e p o p u l a r wife of t h e D i s t r i c t Officer, L o w e r P e r a k ; a n d M r s Dale a r r i v e d a t 1 1 o'clock a n d w e r e conducted by t h e L a d y S u p e r i o r t o all t h e classes t o e x a m i n e t h e needlework. T h e Convent h a d t h e g r e a t h o n o u r of t h e p r e s e n c e of M r . J . Watson, Chief Inspector of Schools, S.S. a n d FMJS., aad M r . A. Keir, I n s p e c t o r of Schools, Perak. They were very much pleased w i t h t h e s t a n d a r d of w o r k done b y t h e pupils of t h e C o n v e n t . Much credit is due t o t h e staff of t h e Convent in m a k i n g t h e function a g r e a t success. A t noon t h e exhibition w a s opened t o the public.

Beautiful

Cemetery Memorials in Marble and Granite. Photographs and prices sent on application.

NO OBLIGATION TO PURCHASE SINGAPORE CASKET CO. UNDERTAKERS A N D

MONUMENTAL.

MASONS.

N o s . 1 & 3 , P e n h a s Road, SINGAPORE. Telephone N o . 6075.


7

OFFICIAL

ORGAN

OF

PUBLISHED

WEEK'S

CATHOLIC

ACTION

WEEKLY.

GALLERY

OF PICTURES

A GROUP P H O T O G R A P H O F T H E P A S T PUPILS O F T H E C O N V E N T O F T H E HOLY I N F A N T JESUS, SINGAPORE, T A K E N AT T H E " T E N T H A N N U A L A T H O M E , " H E L D O N 23rd

MAT WEAVING IN T H E PRIMITIVE

STYLE.

NOVEMBER.

O N E PIG WENT TO MARKET

Published by Rev. Fr. Cardon and Printed by Lithographers Limited, 37/38, Wallich Street, Singapore, S.S.


DECEMBER 07, 1935, VOL 01, N0 49