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HELP

r p H E work of the Catholic papers has been most praiseworthy. They have been an effective auxiliary to t h e pulpit in spreading the F a i t h . —

T h e Malaya Catholic Leader. By By By By By By

POPE BENEDICT X V .

OFFICIAL

ORGAN

OF

P U B L I S H E D

20 Pages.

No. 41.

CATHOLIC

12th O C T O B E R , 1935.

DEMOCRACY OR DC ITATORSHP I? E v e r since t h e d a y s of M a g n a C a r t a t h e democratic form of government h a s been t h e will of t h e governed in m o s t countries. It has m e a n t unwieldy and often blundering g o v e r n m e n t , but it h a s stood for n a t i o n a l safety a n d individual civic freedom. In our own day we h a v e seen a n e x t r a o r d i n a r y t u r n i n g from democracy t o a u t o cracy, from t h e whole people t o t h e small g r o u p , from P a r l i a m e n t t o the Dictator. And t h e s t u d e n t of i n t e r n a t i o n a l affairs can only wonder w h a t t h e f u t u r e holds. It is only 72 y e a r s since Lincoln thrilled t h e world with his ideal of "government of t h e people for t h e people, by t h e people. It seemed an u t t e r a n c e for all time, but in o u r own day it h a s n o t only been challenged b u t successfully flung aside. Since t h e n w e have h a d t h e world war and i t s a f t e r m a t h or u n r e s t and desperate remedies. Class w a r has been preached, t h e appeal t o force a g a i n s t a r g u m e n t h a s been made, a n d half-a-dozen n a t i o n s have gone i n t o " s h i r t s " of v a r i o u s hues (for t h e r e m u s t be some s o r t of uniform, it seems) t o m a r k t h e astonishing m o d e r n reaction a g a i n s t democracy. We have witnessed first t h e "dictatorship of t h e p r o l e t a r i a t " in Russia, t h e n t h e H u n g a r y of Horthy, t h e Greece of Pangolos, Italy of Mussolini, Spain of P r i m o de Rivera, Poland of Pilsudsky, Yugo-Slavia of Alexander, G e r m a n y of Hitler, A u s t r i a of Dollfuss. Fascism, s h i r t s and all, h a s r e a r e d its head in conservative E n g l a n d , the " blue s h i r t s " h a v e been organised in Ireland, and it is significant to find e x t r a o r d i n a r i l y wide new powers given to t h e P r e s i d e n t in the U n i t e d S t a t e s . E v e n in Australia we h a v e t h e N e w Guard, which is openly and aggressively anti-democratic At the 20th a n n u a l conference of the Federation of College Catholic Clubs in Canada, which was opened by His Grace A r c h b i s h o p McGuigan of Toronto, and a t t e n d e d by delegates from all over N o r t h America, one i m p o r t a n t a d d r e s s t o the youth of t h e New World dealt W i t h this modern t h r e a t to democracy. The s p e a k e r w a s t h e R i g h t Hon. Ernest Lapointe, M.P., f o r m e r Minister of J u s t i c e . H e s a i d : ,,

The old s y s t e m of democracy a n d political freedom is to-day on trial. N e v e r h a s it been more i m p o r t a n t t o s t u d y t h e principles of parliam e n t a r y action a n d t o u n d e r s t a n d a r i g h t t h e f u n d a m e n t a l rules necess a r y t o t h e w o r k of constitutional institutions. In t h e B r i t i s h Commonwealth, and I m a y s a y in t h e United S t a t e s a s well, o u r r e s p e c t i v e legislatures aro t h e h e i r s a n d t r u s t e e s of a legacy which is t h e result of m a n y c e n t u r i e s of work, s t r u g g l e s a n d wonderful evolution. Our constit u t i o n a l s y s t e m is b u t t h e application of t h e e t e r n a l principles of j u s t i c e in t h e relations of m e n t o each o t h e r . Personal freedom, equality of all m e n before t h e law, t h e r i g h t of peoples to dispose of t h e m s e l v e s , t h e s e a r e t h e spiritual and m o r a l t r a d i t i o n s which a r e t h e b i r t h r i g h t of o u r citizen, and h e carries t h e m w i t h h i m w h e r e v e r h e goes in t h e wide world. R I S E O F DICTATORS. Yet in o u r own t i m e we h a v e seen in v a r i o u s c o u n t r i e s t h e old o r d e r of g o v e r n m e n t overthrown. W h a t is t h e c a u s e of those quick a n d brutal transformations? Undoubtedly t h e first cause is t h e e x t r e m e l y difficult c i r c u m s t a n c e s in t h e life of p o s t - w a r E u r o p e a n S t a t e s . If dict a t o r i a l g o v e r n m e n t s had m e t t h e s a m e h a r d s h i p s and trials, t h e y would p a y to-day t h e penalty of unpopularity. F u r t h e r m o r e , ext r e m e radicalism h a s doubtless h a m p e r e d t h e e x p e r i m e n t s of some of t h e new g o v e r n m e n t s which should h a v e developed t h e work of free i n s t i t u t i o n s in a normal a n d gradual way. I do not t h i n k t h a t t h e original impulse t o w a r d s autocracy, or w h a t {Continued

on page 15)

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MALAYA

CATHOLIC

LEADER,

S A T U R D A Y , 12th OCTOBER, 1935.

Pp&ss Gleanings bp Air PEACE A N D SANCTIONS. The^v^psions in the Labour Party upon t)fc- question of sanctions raise principles of deep Catholic interest. The three leaders who object to the alignment of the Party with most of the nation on this issue do so upon quite and even incompatible different, Mr. Lansbury refuses all grounds. military "saltations on pacifist grounds and Lord Ponsonby agrees with him in the main, though he adds reasons of expediency. It is impossible not to feel a large measure of sympathy with Mr. Lansbury, who said last week that he had tried to see the whole matter from the point of view of the religion he was taught many years ago by his mother; he could not accept the doctrine of war in any shape or form. Neither does the Church accept the doctrine of war as an instrument of policy in any shape or form. But this is a different thing from either self-defence in the last resort or police action by competent authority. To avoid resort to arms in these causes is the urgent task of the world's statesmanship. THE REVOLUTIONARY VIEW. The other objector to sanctions is in a different category. Sir Stafford Cripps has now told us frankly that there is "only one condition" upon which he personally could support armaments and military action, "and that is if these were being used by a group of Socialist States to support an interttatiortal Socialist order against capitalist aggression." Let readers note that all talk about peace on the part of revolutionary internationalists is deception. If the murder, rapine and ruin that marked the establishment of the Soviet regime in Russia can be repeated to the same ends in other countries, let them be repeated. AH good citizens should beware of organisations professing to foster international peace and friendship which have the support of persons of known revolutionary sympathies. A "PEAINCHANT A N D We wo«id like to direct attention to a most <8eful article entitled "Plainchant and 'Commonsense^ in the current Westminster Cathedral Chronicle. I t is by F r . ^ f e Robertawy A.R.A.M., a convert WSb^efore h V ' cwttate a t t i e Beda and his Ordination, was engaged in important practical work in music in connection with the H.M.V. Gramophone Co. His £reat gifts and experience are now deviated to the service of Westminster Cathedral. The purpose of his article is to help forward the Liturgical Movement on its musical side by distinguishing betaken tne practical use of the Chint as envisaged by Pope Pius X, and its neglect on the one side or its "regimentation" on the other by purists who "firf* it an .art and leave i t a science." Fr. Robertson pleads for "a ' reasonably attitude," and for liberty and elasticity of treatment. The neoSolesmes theory is a theory, "not a dogma tc^ which one must subscribe or imperil tile salvation* of one's musical soul." 'fkere are many editions of Bach's "18," and in building up an interpretation one may use any or all of these, and be bound to none. "In the same wS£ one may extract from the Solesmes or GrehObte books just as much (itt the way of additions to the official ftftct) as is valuable for one's purpose and leave the rest." (The Universe, Sept. 27) B » L I N ' S NtfW BISHOP. The fifst bishop of Berlin was the son of an affisan. The second was a peasant's son. The new bishop, Count von Preysing^. comes of an old aristocratic Bavarian family. He took formal possession of his See on September 7.

Moil

The ceremony took place in the cathedral church of St. Hedwigo, and there were representatives of the army, navy and air force in the cathedral, but nobody to represent the government. Moreover, the Catholic societies and organisations who gathered to welcome him at the Sports Palace the following day, were not allowed to parade with banners. Banners and flags were taken into the building secretly, and were draped round the platform when the public was admitted. The new bishop's address was guarded in tone, but its theme was the triumph of the Church over all her adversaries, and an appeal for fidelity. It is freely rumoured that negotiations have been resumed for implementing the Concordat, and Schacht's remarks on tolerance were, in that case, well-timed.

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WHAT IS A PRINCE-PRIMATE? Ever since Cardinal Seredi came over, as Papal representative—not legate, for the consecration of Downside Abbey Church, people have been asking what a Prince-Primate is. So many requests for information have reached this office that we determined to enlighten our own ignorance too. There does not appear to be any other Prince-Primate than the Primate of Hungary, whose archdiocese is called Gran (in Hungarian Esztergom), which from its foundation, in the eighth century, until the eleventh century embraced the greater part of Hungary. The Primate of Hungary has a number of extraordinary privileges, one of them being, since 1715, that he is a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, having the title of Prince-Primate. He is also a legatus natus of the Holy Roman Church, The legatus natus. or born legate— so called because he attained the dignity of a papal legate, within the limits of his jurisdiction, by taking possession of his See—used to be a more important dignitary than he is to-day, though the honour is still much prized. * * * * * * MORE PRIVILEGES OF T l f e HUNGARIAN PRIMATE. The Primate of Hungary is entitled to hold national synods—for which as a rule a legate is sent from Rome; as legatus natus he is entitled to ha*e his cross carried before firm within his jurisdiction, deals directly with the Holy See, and has visitation rights over the other Sees and over religious houses— except over the Archabbey of Pannonhalma. So much for his ecclesiastical rights and privileges, though he has an equally important civil status and rights. He is the chief chancellor of Hungary, Keeper of the Great Seal, and according to an ancient custom he has the right to crown the king and to annosnt the queen. He is the chief priest and chancellor of the Order of St. Stephen, and, as first banneret of Hungary, he is a member of the Upper House. In former times the Primate was governor, viceroy and first count of the county of Gran and a member of the supreme court. He had the right to superintend the royal mint, the power to confer nobility by a grant of his lands, and the right to take an oath before a court of justice through his deputy, and not personally.

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There is no harm in the friendly relations between these two countries. In fact they have so much in common in the Faith that we hope that their friendship will be cemented. But why are Poland's official circles inclined to take an indulgent view of Italy's attitude towards Abyssinia? We have previously suggested that Poland also has colonial ambitions, owing to her surplus population. Her problem is similar to Italy's. Now comes the news that Polish newspapers are arguing on behalf of their country's right to a mandate in Palestine, on the grounds that there are 3,000,000 Jews in Poland. Nobody has yet suggested that the Jews be given a mandate in Poland, to which they have about as much right as they have to a national home in Palestine!

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THE JEWS AND PALESTINE. England must keep Palestine. She could not risk having another Great Power in such dangerous proximity to the Sue* Canal. That fact was well under stood by the Zionists during the Great War. They held back their support of Great Britain in the United States until, by the Balfour declaration, this country had shown that she favoured a national home for the Jews in > Palestine. It was interesting to know how many I difficulties in the way of the United I States' entering the war vanished after | the Balfour declaration. On sentimental grounds the Jews have \ a strong case for a home in Palestine, for it is the very cradle of their nationality, their promised land, though in length of tenure the Arab case is as That at least is logical, but it is ingood or almost as good. teresting to note that the Bolshevists The trouble is that in reality the-Jews are honest enough to admit that it are looking more for a secure place of won't work. They are undoing their refuge than for a national home. Noschemes. body imagines that all the dispersed * * * * * * Jews of the world, or even the majority of them, will ever settle in Palestine, WHY RUSSIAN DIVORCE FAILED. but all of them are concerned at the fate For some time past the Bolshevists of their brethren in persecuting counthave been expressing alarm at the reries. Hence the demand for a national sults of their logical and easy-going home. divorce legislation. The case was quoted in their own press of a man who had * * * * * * been united to a series of partners, by DIVORCE RESTRICTIONS IN all of whom he had had a child, with RUSSIA. the result that, earn as much as he Even a wickedness can be carried out could, it was impossible for him to pay logically, and divorce is only logical the maintenance monies due from him when it is allowed, as the Bolshevists to his women and children. allowed it, to either party, without the Reck^ssness about the obligations of consent, or even the knowledge, of the parenthood, children abandoned, to become a burden to the community, "wild" other. children, who have never known parenTrue, i£ is then only verbally a diftal constraint, immorality, and especialferent thing from legalised free love, ly juvenile immorality—these things but at any rate it is not open to the have called a halt. charges of injustice and absurdity which Now divorce cannot be granted in can be advanced against all "moderate" Russia without the knowledge of the divorce legislation. There is no permaother party, except where he or she nent half-way house between Catholic cannot be traced after six months' enmarriage and free love for any nation. quiries. It is a very small reform, but There seems to be, w e admit, because significant. only a small section of the community Russia will perhaps g e t back to the lives by the ideals of divorce promoters. path of sanity quicker than those naThe rest live by the old Christian contions which have been less logical in cept of indissoluble marriage, but were their evil-doing. Extremes sometimes they all suddenly to press divorce legiscure themselves by the violence of the lation to its logical conclusion there reaction they set up. would be no stopping them until they (Catholic Times, Sept. 27) had the Bolshevist system.

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MALAYA

CATHOLIC^LEADER,

SATURDAY,

12th OCTOBER, 1935.

On X^ings from 'IMkott (FROM

OUR

SPECIAL

MENEVIA'S NEW BISHOP. An episcopal c o n s e c r a t i o n r a n k s , naturally, a m o n g t h e m o s t important of a n y w e e k ' s doings, so far as Catholic a c t i v i t i e s a r e concerned. Therefore, although this correspondence h a s a l r e a d y mentioned, a s i m m i n e n t , t h e consecration of t h e R i g h t Rev. Dr. McGrath a s B i s h o p of Menevia— not of "Minerva," as outside scribes h a v e occasionally w r i t t e n it—the actual e v e n t c a n bo p u t on record h e r e , in t h e place of honour. The Pro-Cathedral church at W r e x h a m proved all t o o small to contain t h o s e w h o would have wished t o be p r e s e n t . Hundreds had to s t a y a w a y . T h e procession of prelates a n d c l e r g y from t h e Bishop's House t o t h e c h u r c h was an impressive spectacle for t h e onlookers, r a r e l y g i v e n such a sight of t h e C h u r c h ' s d i g n i t y and s t r e n g t h on t h e clerical side. * * * * LAUNCESTON'S GREAT DAY. F r o m N o r t h W a l e s t h e week's interest passes t o E n g l a n d ' s far west, t o t h e D u c h y of Cornwall, w h e r e t h e r e h a s been a d a y of r e joicing on m o r e t h a n one ground. T h e beautiful l i t t l e Catholic Church a t L a u n c e s t o n , one of t h e m a n y Cornish c h u r c h e s s e r v e d by t h e Canons R e g u l a r of t h e L a t e r a n , is now c o n s e c r a t e d ; b u t a p a r t from t h a t consoling fact, t h e double int e r e s t is t h a t t h e c e r e m o n y was the first of i t s k i n d t o t a k e glace in Cornwall since t h e P r o t e s t a n t Reformation, a n d t h e c h u r c h is t h e first in E n g l a n d t o be dedicated t o t h e newly-canonized S t . J o h n Fisher and S t . T h o m a s More. P r i e s t s from all p a r t s of t h e county w e n t t o t h e t o w n for t h e consecration. In t h e c h u r c h j u s t consecrated t h e r e is a s h r i n e w h i c h a d d s t o fts i n t e r e s t — t h e s h r i n e of Blessed Cuthbert Mayne. This martyr, the p r o t o - m a r t y r of t h e s e m i n a r i e s , was p u t t o d e a t h in t h a t Cornish centre. Once a y e a r , f o r m a n y years p a s t , it h a s been t h e custom of Catholics in t h e Diocese of Plymouth t o keep h i s m e m o r y green among t h e people of L a u n c e s t o n by an annual p i l g r i m a g e , w i t h a procession t h r o u g h t h e t o w n and an outdoor s e r m o n in t h e m a r t y r ' s honour. T h u s L a u n c e s t o n . it will be seen, is for C a t h o l i c s a hallowed spot, and one, m o r e o v e r , w h e r e the faith m a k e s s t e a d y p r o g r e s s .

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DEATH OF A NOTABLE LONDON WORKER. The death h a s j u s t t a k e n place of a venerable m e m b e r of t h e Westminster C h a p t e r , Canon Art h u r Pownall, a link, in t h e Archdiocese, w i t h t h e d a y s of Cardinal Manning. A n i m p o r t a n t p a r t of West London, n o w a d a y s , is Shepherd's Bush, a d i s t r i c t w h i c h h a s become world-known b y t h e Industrial F a i r and t h e f a m o u s " W h i t e City." W h e n C a n o n Pownall w a s given a field of l a b o u r a t Shepherd's Bush, a g r e a t m a n y y e a r s ago, t h e r e w a s n o C a t h o l i c iparish. He founded one, a n d b u i l t a church, n d t h u s began w h a t w a s to prove a flourishing a n d p r o g r e s s i v e religious centre. I n a n u m b e r of other parishes, also, t h e l a t e Canon f t his m a r k . a

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THE 662-A WARNING. English n e w s p a p e r s now on t h e i r * y to Malaya will h a v e , in some c^ses, a shock f o r t h e recipients, w

BATOU

CORRESPONDENT)

w h o will learn from a n a d v e r t i s e m e n t (even such p a p e r s a s t h e T i m e s a n d t h e M o r n i n g P o s t have not been above a c e p t i a g and inserting it) t h e startling news that "662 p r i e s t s leave t h e C h u r c h of R o m e . " Such a wholesale going is n e w s indeed! W h e r e h a s it t a k e n ; p l a c e ? W h a t h a s b r o u g h t it a b o u t ? | W h o a r e t h e 662 A p o s t a t e s whose I "startling stories" are among the ! advertised attractions of t h e book ? Catholics who r e a d t h e notice can be u n p e r t u r b e d ; a n d sensible ProJtestants will do well t o keep t h e i r money in t h e i r pockets. The book is a " c a t c h , " a n d a disgraceful c a t c h a t t h a t . T h e r e h a s been no a p o s t a c y in m a s s such a s t h e d i s h o n e s t title s u g g e s t s . A s one of t h e Catholic p a p e r s over here | h a s well r e m a r k e d , w h a t would be said if a n e w s p a p e r headline announced " B r i t i s h Force invades A b y s s i n i a , " and t h e n , h a v i n g raked in t h e pennies o r twopences of excited and curious p u r c h a s e r s , rel a t e d t h e s t o r y of an invasion in t h e 'sixties of t h e l a s t c e n t u r y ? T h e P r o t e s t a n t compilation, w i t h t h e l y i n g inference s u g g e s t e d by a l i t t l e in t h e p r e s e n t t e n s e , is a list p u r p o r t i n g to give t h e n a m e s of Catholic p r i e s t s w h o h a v e renounced t h e C h u r c h in o r d e r t o become P r o t e s t a n t s of one s o r t or a n o t h e r . I t goes back, n o t indeed t o t h e d a y s of J u l i u s C a e s a r , b u t a s f a r b a c k a s a n y s o r t of r e c o r d could be traced during about a century. H u n d r e d s of n a m e s a m o n g t h e 662 a r e of m e n whose alleged a p o s t a c y belongs t o a period now m a n y dec a d e s old. The compiler has combed t h e European continent as well a s t h e B r i t i s h Isles. All s o r t s of foreign names a r e included which mean nothing to the present generation. If t h e compiler of t h i s book w i t h t h e l y i n g t i t l e w e r e t o be paid back, a s he d e s e r v e s , in h i s own coin, it would be easy, w i t h a like d i s r e g a r d for s c r u p u l o u s conduct, t o g e t t o g e t h e r a list w h i c h could be a d v e r t i s e d a s " M a n y scores of P r o t e s t a n t c l e r g y m e n become criminals." And when t h e unwary purchaser had parted with his m o n e y , t o l e a r n w h a t p a r t of t h e C h r i s t i a n world w a s t h u s afflicted, h e could be given a list including, for one, Dr. William Dodd, a p a r son, w h o w a s e x e c u t e d for forgery in t h e y e a r 1777! L e t nobody in M a l a y a , t h e r e f o r e , w h e t h e r Catholic o r non-Catholic, t r o u b l e h i s head, a n d deplate his p u r s e , by s e n d i n g t o London t o k n o w w h y "662 p r i e s t s leave t h e C h u r c h of R o m e . " * * * * A VISITOR FROM THE SOLOMONS. A n u m b e r of Catholics in Lond o n h a v e h a d t h e h o n o u r , recently, of m a k i n g t h e a c q u a i n t a n c e of a distinguished M a r i s t Bishop a d i s t a n t overseas t e r r i t o r y . His Excellency D r . T h o m a s Wade, Vicar-Apostolic of t h e N o r t h Solom o n Islands, h a s been over h e r e in E n g l a n d , for a s h o r t s t a y , before r e t u r n i n g from h i s ad limina visit to Rome. Dr. W a d e is a gifted A m e r i c a n w h o h a s s p e n t n e a r l y all his p r i e s t l y life in m i n i s t e r i n g to t h e Islanders. F o r a n u m b e r of y e a r s h e w a s A s s i s t a n t to t h e P r e fect Apostolic and D i r e c t o r of t h e C a t e c h i s t school a t B u k a . When t h e V i c a r i a t e w a s c r e a t e d , in 1930, h e became t h e first Vicar-Apostolic a n d t h e first B i s h o p from t h e E n g lish-speaking peoples t o labour in

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R O S K O P F B A T O U of t h e c i n e m a t o g r a p h for Catholic O c e a n i a . His t e r r i t o r y is a very l a r g e o n e ; it includes islands both i p u r p o s e s continues t o p r o g r e s s . A s of t h e B r i t i s h p r o t e c t o r a t e and of j y e t t h e r e is n o t h i n g in E n g l a n c T s a the Australian Mandate. j closely organized a s to c o r r e s p o n d I t o t h e "Good T h e a t r e " d e v e l o p m e n t I on t h e C o n t i n e n t , — n o Catholic picEAST BARSHAM. t u r e - h o u s e s especially e s t a b l i s h e d . T h e r e is good news f o r lovers of T h a t , however, will c o m e ; a n d t h e memorials which remain to m e a n w h i l e t h e C.T.S., t h e D o m i n i u s in G r e a t B r i t a i n t o tell of o u r can F a t h e r s , and o t h e r a g e n c i e s Catholic past. East Barsham for good a r e actively i n t e r e s t i n g Manor House, near Walsingham, a in t h e possibilities. beautiful Tudor mansion, has a i themselves magnificent g a t e w a y w h i c h h a s \ Already, u n d e r t h e d i r e c t i o n of F a t h e r Valentine, O.P., s e v e r a l now b e e n , scheduled a s a national Catholic films have been made. m o n u m e n t , a n d so will be p r o t e c t ed a n d enjoyed b y f u t u r e g e n e r a - T h e Catholic T r u t h Society is o r g a n i s i n g a film l i b r a r y , a n d t h e tions. T h e religious i n t e r e s t of coming exihibition a t W e s t m i n s t e r E a s t B a r s h a m is considerable, on account of i t s p r o x i m i t y t o t h e will p r o m o t e t h e m o v e m e n t still famous shrine at Walsingham. further. A m o n g i t s g u e s t s , it is said, w a s none o t h e r t h a n K i n g H e n r y t h e E i g h t h , when t h a t m o n a r c h j u s t before h i s b r e a k w i t h t h e C h u r c h , Catholic Publications published by Examiner Press. was himself one of O u r L a d y ' s Obtainable from their Malayan pilgrims. The tradition makes the Agents, k i n g t r a v e r s barefooted t h e two mile d i s t a n c e from t h e m a n o r PETER C H O N C S house to the shrine. King Henry's a r m s a r e carved above t h e g a t e Priests and People in Ireland, house. What the Catholic Church is and what She teaches, Adventists Doctrines, Archaic Religions, CATHOLIC FILMS. Galileo and his Condemnations, A n exhibition of film projection Hackel*s Frauds & Forgeries, w h i c h is * being a r r a n g e d by t h e The Arch Liar Fronde, Catholic T r u t h Society is a n o t h e r Man's Great Concern, e t c s i g n t h a t t h e w o r k of m a k i n g u s e


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y ,

4

enera /

of

the

100th Birthday of t h e Singapore

' *Tree*n«ft:' r

W e wish t h e S i n g a p o r e F r e e P r e s s o u r s i n c e r e s t good wishes o n t h e occasion of i t s c e n t e n a r y , a n achievement truly remarkable. D e s p i t e ?the a g e of h u n d r e d y e a r s , our m o r n i n g c o n t e m p o r a r y h a s n o t revealed t h e l e a s t s y m p t o m of senile decay, b u t h a s , on t h e c o n t r a r y , given evidence, of t h e v i r i l i t y of a g r e e n old a g e , w h i c h a p p e a r s to r e j u v e n a t e w i t h increasing years. T h o u g h a t t i m e s t h i s splendid daily h a s not s e e n e y e t o eye w i t h Catholics we feel t h a t b i g o t r y w a s h a r d l y ever t h e m o t i v e a n d so w e g i v e s p o n t a n e o u s e x p r e s s i o n to t h e hope t h a t the Singapore Free Press m a y always flourish. Ed. M.L.C.

H I M T O B E O N C O W A N D GATE

WWfc.

A complete Food made in a moment by the mere addition of hot water.

M A N Y H A P P Y R E T U R N S OF THE DAY !

In guaranteed and tight containers.

T h e Catholic L e a d e r offers i t s c o n g r a t u l a t i o n s , if s o m e w h a t belated, t o t h e c h a r m i n g d a u g h t e r of o u r Governor, on t h e occasion of h e r 21st b i r t h d a y . Miss Bridget T h o m a s in t h e s h o r t t i m e s h e h a s been h e r e h a s m a d e herself ext r e m e l y popular.

MR. A. J. CORNELIUS TO * RETIRE. M r . A. J . Cornelius, d e r k , D i s t r i c t office, B u k i t M e r t a j a m , i s now on t h r e e m o n t h s ' leave, p r i o r t o r e t i r e m e n t , a f t e r h a v i n g served a period of 32 y e a r s in t h e Government. POLICE ROLL OF HONOUR. The£ F r e e Press Centenary N u m b e r p u b l i s h e s t h e Police Roll of H o n o u r d a t i n g from 1888 t o 1933. The following names should i n t e r e s t r e a d e r s of t h e M.C.L. M r . - E . A. F e r n a n d e z , Tnspector, I m p e r i a l Service Medal. Mr. J o h n Costellq, chief Inspector, K i n g ' s Police Medal, M r . W . A. Cuscaden, Inspector General, Imperial S e r v i c e Order & K i n g ' s Police Medal. T H E

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J A M E S B R A D D O C K T O VISIT ENGLAND. J a m e s Braddock, world's champion boxer, will be in E n g l a n d soon, t o visit t h e places w h e r e h i s f a t h e r and m o t h e r w e r e born, s a y s t h e Daily E x p r e s s . H e m a y give a few exhibitions in London t o keep h i m b u s y . NAZIS S E E K AUSTRIAN FRIENDSHIP. H e r r von P a p e n , G e r m a n Minist e r in Vienna, w h o is a Catholic, h a s been i n s t r u c t e d t o offer A u s t r i a a non-aggression p a c t for five y e a r s b u t subject t o c e r t a i n conditions. T h e Nazis, a g r e e t o cease propag a n d a a g a i n s t A u s t r i a in G e r m a n y and Austria, to purchase more A u s t r i a n goods, a n d to raise t h e 1000 m a r k blockade. In retyrn t h e y w a n t A u s t r i a t o cease h e r a n t i - G e r m a n a t t i t u d e , to particip a t e in a G e r m a n - P o l i s h - H u n g a r i a n alliance, t o cease h e r d r a s t i c police m e a s u r e s a g a i n s t t h e Nazis in A u s t r i a , a n d t o g r a d u a l l y release t h e Nazis in c o n c e n t r a t i o n camps. DR. A N D M R S . K A R U N A R A T N E BACK FROM CEYLON. Dr. and Mrs. J. Karunaratne, w h o were on a holiday in Ceylon, returned by the "Conte Verde" last S u n d a y . A T

P A R K M I N S T E R

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Babies

Agents for South Malaya, B.N. Borneo & Sarawak:

55,

J A C K S O N & CO., L T D . , Robinson Road, S i n g a p o r e .

R E U N I O N HOPES OF SALVONIC CATHOLICS. F r . Bourgeois, a F r e n c h J e s u i t of t h e Slavonic r i t e , a t N a r v a , in E s t o n i a sneaking of t h e p r o s p e c t s of reunion w i t h dissident O r t h o doxy in those p a r t s said t h a t a few y e a r s ago t h e r e w e r e no Catholics in Estonia. N o w t h e y w e r e developing t h e Slavonic culture, r a t h e r its Estonian counterpart, within Catholic u n i t y a n d e n d e a v o u r i n g t o p e r m e a t e t h e religious and i n t e l lectual life | of E s t o n i a w i t h r e u n i o n ; t h e r e w a s a s t r o n g dislike of Latinism, a n d t h e i r only h o p e w a s t o prove t o t h e E s t o n i a n s t h a t loyalty t o t h e p a p a c y did n o t i m ply a n y change of r i t e or c u l t u r a l revolution. " W e m u s t show t h e m " h e said " t h a t w e do n o t adopt t h e Slavonic rite a s a n e x p e d i e n c y : t h a t we do not r e g a r d it a s m e r e l y tolerated, but t h a t , t o g e t h e r w i t h R o m e , we believe it to be a correct a n d legitimate expression of t h e Universal F a i t h . PARIS

INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION.

Mr. Lebrun h a s laid t h e first stone of t h e P a r i s I n t e r n a t i o n a l Exhibition—1937, t h e foundation s t o n e of t h e M u s e u m of m o d e r n a r t , which is t o be a p e r m a n e n t s t r u c t u r e and will r e m a i n a s t h e exhibition's c o n t r i b u t i o n t o P a r i s j u s t as t h e 1900 E x h i b i t i o n left G r a n d Palais a n d t h e P e t i t P a l a i s . HILAIRE BELLOC OPENS EXHIBITION.

Among many fine religious houses built in Great Britain in modern times the m?gest, and certainly one of the most .n,press.ve, is the Carthus.an monastery a / P a r k m i n s t e r , Sussex, the Order's only house in the country. St. Hugh's Charterhouse was built at a time when anti-clerical persecution was raising its ugly head on the Continent. Anything might happen and so at Parkminster the monks "built large." The noble P«Ie of monastic buildings includes a spacious and handsome church, of which the spire is a landmark for miles round The cloisters stretch for three-quarters of a mile. For the simple but !««™ifi«i Chanter House, an artist wrought for several years in painting magnificent executedf b T p l t h e t i c scenes of the martyrdoms of the English Carthusians in the sixteenth century. The buildings at Parkminster are constructed around two large open spaces. A f t * th« main gateway has been passed, one looks across a wide courtyard A t h . entrance to the church, illustrated in the accompany ing beautiful drawing h« Mr Joseph Pike At the back of the church, and beyond the roofs visible to the'drawing, is a still larger area a great rectangular space, surrounded K» » cloister beyond which one sees the many little separate houses which form • k . Carthusian "cells." Parkminster monastery is freely shown to men visitors. . <rreat number of non-Catholics have availed themselves, admiringly, of ana a S ' f - . n.iU*K, religious life at close quarters.

dated

Mr. Hilaire Belloc, a t t h e r e q u e s t of Brighton corporation, consented t o open t h e exhibition a t B r i g h t o n Galleries, of e t c h i n g s a n d l i t h o g r a p h s by Mr. F r a n k B r a n g e w y n w h i c h were recently presented to t h e town by Mr. B r a n g e w y n on S e p t e m b e r 7th, 1935. F o u r t e e n l i t h o g r a p h s on wood of t h e S t a t i o n s of t h e Cross, which t h e s a m e a r t i s t h a s executed for an Oxford College, w e r e also on view t o t h e public for t h e first time. GOVERNOR O F K E N Y A COLONY. Sir Joseph B y r n e , t h e Governor of Kenya Colony, is a Catholic I r i s h m a n with much Colonial e x perience. He is h a v i n g his h a n d s very full now a s political tension in Kenya is a c u t e . H e h a s j u s t r e t u r n e d from leave and will p u t all his ability a n d s t r e n g t h to m e e t t h e situation. We are s u r e h e will do t h e v e r y best he can for t h e Colony he governs.

A R O T A R I A N ' S T R I B U T E TO T H E L A T E MR. j c i ^ k GALISTAN. In his address t o t h e Rotary Club a t t h e Adelphi Hotel last week C a p t a i n F r e y b e r g , t h e Master A t t e n d a n t , paid a handsome trib u t e t o t h e valuable services of the late Mr. E d g a r Galistan of the S h i p p i n g Office. H e mentioned t h a t Mr. Galistan w a s " a m o s t competent lighthouse e n g i n e e r . . . .who w a s both -willing a n d e a g e r t o t e a c h h i m " (the s p e a k e r ) . Captain F r e y b e r g went on t o r e m i n d his h e a r e r s t h a t the deceased g e n t l e m a n "was wellk n o w n a s a rifle s h o t in t h e Colony — a n d t o him stood t h e real credit of m o d e r n i s i n g t h e lights of this Colony, some of which were of first class i m p o r t a n c e . " R E L I C S O F ROME. T h e E x h i b i t i o n of relics of R o m e , d u r i n g t h e period of Augus t u s t o be held in 1937 on the occasion of bi-millenary of t h e Emperor, will offer t h e m o s t imposing review of t h e R o m a n Empire ever attempted. B r i t i s h archaeologists are putt i n g t o g e t h e r a collection of the m o s t i n t e r e s t i n g subjects and d o c u m e n t s connected with that period, r e l a t i n g t o G r e a t Britain, t h e Dominions and o t h e r territories u n d e r B r i t i s h rule. However, owing t o t h e fact the N a t i o n a l M u s e u m s a r e forbidden by law from sending specimens from t h e i r collections to foreign c e n t r e s , t h e e x h i b i t s will consist m a i n l y of plaster c a s t s . G R E A T F R E N C H DOMINICAN VISITING ENGLAND. T h e f a m o u s Dominican Preacher, R. P e r e Garrigou Lagrange. 0. P., g a v e a r e t r e a t a t B!a<*kfm s, Oxford from S e p t e m b e r 7-11. l)he originality and v i g o u r of his t h o u g h t s a t t r a c t e d students from all p a r t s of t h e world to his lect u r e s a t Saulchoir. Since 1910 he h a s been Professor a la Faculte de Theologie at t h e g r e a t Colle^io Angelico. Home. H i s w o r k s on t h e 'Problems of C h r i s t i a n mysticism show remarkable power and d e p t h , his last and p e r h a p s g r e a t e s t work beiner "Chris t i a n Perfection and Contemplation." r

MR. S E N N E T T T O GO ON FURLOUGH. Mr. C W. S e n n e t t M.C.S. First M a g i s t r a t e , IvoK will shortlv proceed h o m e on furloneh. He wilf be m u c h missed in Perak.


5

JOKES.

Young People's Page

SLIGHTLY MIXED. The agitated maid rushed to the telephone and called the house whera her mistress was having dinner. "Oh, Mrs.* Black," she stammered terrified—"Will you ask my mistress to come home at once, please?" * "Why, what's wrong?" cam? the voice (A T R U E S T O R Y ) from the other end. "I've mixed up the electric terminals Kitty was not a p r e t t y little girl, "Nonsense, K i t t y , " h e r m o t h e r somehow," said the girl. "The renor did she wear g r a n d clothes, nor would say. " I s n ' t y o u r f a t h e r ' s frigerator's playing the "Isle of Bliss," was she a Catholic, b u t h e r f a t h e r religion good enough for y o u ? " and the wireless set is covered with and m o t h e r t h o u g h t h e r nearly "No, m o t h e r ; I can't h a v e Little icicles." perfect and loved h e r dearly. Lit- J e s u s unless I'm a Catholic." * * * * * * TIT FOR TAT. tle Jesus did not t h i n k h e r perfect, But h e r m o t h e r did not underThe tourist was travelling in the but He loved h e r m u c h m o r e even s t a n d w h a t t h e child w r as t a l k i n g country and passing a field pointed to a than her f a t h e r a n d m o t h e r , and about. scarecrow, remarking to Pat, his so He chose her o u t t o be one of Then K i t t y would t r y h e r father. guide: "One of the natives?" Pat replied: "No, just a visitor like His own little l a m b s , a n d took h e r "Daddy dear, wouldn't you like to yourself." little soul to heaven before it had m a k e me very happy ?" * * * * * * ever been spoiled b y a n y big sin. "Yes, dear, if I can. W h a t do DITTO. The long-haired poet deposited his I told you how d e a r l y h e r f a t h e r you w a n t ? " and m o t h e r loved h e r . Now, a t "Oh, Daddy, do let m e be a work of art on the editor's table. "There, sir/* he said "is a masterthis time, when K i t t y was five Catholic. I do want L i t t l e J e s u s . piece." years old, t h e y w e r e v e r y troubled Oh, Daddy dear, do." The editor picked it up. The poet because s h e was not happy a t But h e r daddy did not under- continued: "And, sir," he said, "it may surprise you to know that I do not school; every day t h e r e were t e a r s s t a n d either. any remuneration for this poem. because teacher h a d been cross This went on so often t h a t a t want I merely submit it as a compliment." with her. A t last m o t h e r took h e r last her m o t h e r said s h e would t r y "Then," said the editor, with his to a Catholic school and asked j a n o t h e r school where t h e y didn't usal courtesy, "allow me to return them to t a k e h e r in t h e r e . W h e n p u t funny ideas into child- the compliment." * * * * * * the Sister h e s i t a t e d because K i t t y r e n ' s heads. T h i s frightened K i t t y OTHER WAY. was not a Catholic, h e r m o t h e r so much t h a t she promised she i One dayTHE two boys went for a walk begged Sister to t a k e h e r because would never ask to be a Catholic | through the fields. They saw a wild she had always h e a r d children again if t h e y would only leave h e r I cat on the top of a tree. One of the were so h a p p y a t Catholic schools. w h e r e she w a s . So for a t i m e boys climbed the tree to catch the cat. At last t h e S i s t e r consented, a n d t h e r e was peace once m o r e a t home. The boy on the ground shouted up to the following week K i t t y went to Several m o n t h s went by, a n d a g a i n him— "Will I go up and help you to catch the convent j u s t a s if she had been a t school a h a p p y group of children him?" a little Catholic girl. "No." said the other boy, "but come made t h e i r F i r s t Holy Communion. Now it w a s q u i t e a different tale. Poor little K i t t y she h a d been so up and held me to let him go."

KITTY

As soon a s she woke in t h e m o r n ing she s a i d : " M o t h e r , isn't it time t o g e t u p ? M o t h e r , don't let me be late for school, t h e first lesson is best of all." T h e first lesson was Catechism, a n d K i t t y loved it. Such wonderful s t o r i e s about Almighty God, O u r L o r d and H i s Blessed M o t h e r a n d t h e Saints, all true stories too. One day K i t t y came h o m e full of excitement. Some of t h e little ones had m a d e their F i r s t Communion t h a t m o r n ing, and K i t t y h a d seen t h e m in their white veils a n d w r e a t h s . She had asked w h y t h e y w ere dressed like t h a t , and h a d been told t h a t that m o r n i n g L i t t l e J e s u s had come into t h e i r h e a r t s for t h e first time. Now some of t h e m were not much older t h a n K i t t y herself, so t h e little girl said nothing but waited. Not long a f t e r w a r d s K i t t y had her sixth b i r t h d a y a n d felt quite a big girl. As soon a s she arrived at school she w e n t u p to S s t e r and said: "Please, Sister, I a m six y e a r s old to-day, and M a r r y is only six and a half." Mary was one of t h e little girls I who had lately m a d e h e r F i r s t Holy Communion. "Well, K i t t y , " said t h e Sister, j as she g a v e h e r a b i r t h d a y kiss, \ ' I hope you will h a v e a very h a p p y birthday. So now you have nearly j caught up Marv, i t h a t w h a t vou want to d o ? " Yes, Sister. May I have Little Jesus in my h e a r t t o - d a v ? Marv did." "But Mary is a Catholic, dear, and only little Catholic girls m a y make their F i r s t Holy Communion." 'Then please m a k e me a Catholic, Sister." "I can't do t h a t , dear. You taust ask father and m o t h e r about r

s u r e Little J e s u s would have come to her this year. Many a time now she cried herself t o sleep. • • • •

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TABERNACLE

In the heart of my heart God lives: His loving light consumes me whole; His living Spark, His loving Dart« Pierces my soul That's panting like a thirsty hart. The hollow of my ark God frames So minutely for Love to dwell: So without this His living Spark, In nights of hell My soul will plunged be in dark. F.N.

Soon her m o t h e r t h o u g h t she w a s looking pale and t h i n and took h e r to t h e doctor. " T h e child is f r e t t i n g , " said t h e doctor. "Do you know w h a t it is about?" p u t such funny ideas into childr e n ' s heads. T h i s f r i t h t e n e d K i t t y so much t h a t she promised she would never ask to be a Catholic " It's all because of t h a t school she is a t , " said h e r m o t h e r . "Then you had b e t t e r c h a n g e her school/' said t h e doctor. "She'll never get b e t t e r if she goes on fretting." T h a t evening her m o t h e r and f a t h e r talked it over. If t h e y took h e r away from t h e school she would fret, and if t h e y left h e r t h e r e as she was she would fret. W h y not let h e r be a Catholic ? It seemed as good a religion a s t h e i r own and even better. So t h e next day f a t h e r and m o t h e r went to the school and a r r a n g e d w i t h Sister to h a v e K i t t y received into t h e Catholic Church. They promised to do all in t h e i r power to help h e r to practise her loligion. T h e n t h e y w e n t home, and her f a t h e r , t a k i n g K i t t y on his knee, told h e r w h a t t h e y had done. Sister sighed, a n d K i t t y went to I K i t t y could not t h a n k h e r p a r e n t s She seemed quite a Place and did h e r lessons, b u t enough. * om t h a t day t h e t e a r s began changed little girl altogether. Now she would tell f a t h e r and again at home. S h e k e p t s a y i n g : , Oh, mother d e a r , I do w a n t to ; m o t h e r all t h e beautiful stories of a Catholic. W o n ' t you let m e be ! Little J e s u s t h a t she h e a r d a t h e r * Catholic?" school; and when it came to ;

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m a k i n g h e r F i r s t Confession s h e told t h e m all a b o u t it, a n d howdear J e s u s w a s going to w a s h h e r soul so beautifully white. Would not t h e y like t h e i r souls w a s h e d too, s h e asked. But neither f a t h e r n o r m o t h e r knew how to answer h e r . K i t t y m a d e h e r F i r s t Confession, and soon a f t e r began to p r e p a r e for her F i r s t Holy Communion. So hard did she t r y to be good, a n d ! so often did s h e give u p little j things for h e r d e a r Jesus, t h a t h e r j m o t h e r w a s quite puzzled. " I c a n ' t | u n d e r s t a n d t h e child | a t all" s h e said. " K i t t y used t o be so fond of sweets. Now s h e ' s always giving t h e m a w a y : and a s for cakes and j a m , she h a r d l y | touches t h e m . Yet I've never I known h e r so h a p p y and conten| ted." , At last came h e r First Communion day.. W h a t a day of b l i s s ! "I feel too h a p p y t o live," said K i t t y to h e r m o t h e r t h a t n i g h t . How lovely it would be to die a n d always live w i t h Little J e s u s . " "Would you leave f a t h e r and m e all a l o n e ? " said h e r mother. "I could see you all the time if I w ere up in heaven," said K i t t y , "and I would ask Little J e s u s to let you come t o o . " When a little l a t e r Kitty received t h e Holy S a c r a m e n t of Confirmation she took t h e name of Mary Imelda, because she said, " L i t t l e Jesus took Imelda to live with Him always after h e r F i r s t Holy Communion." Then a s t h e m o n t h s slipped by r

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"Every needs every

child milk day."

MILKMAID MILK K i t t y would go to Holy Communion as often as h e r m o t h e r would let her. She g r e w b r i g h t e r a n d happier every d a y , and w a s like a r a y of s u n s h i n e in t h e house. " H o w glad I a m she is a Catholic," said h e r daddy. " I t m a k e s me feel b e t t e r to look a t h e r . " " Y e s , " said h e r m o t h e r , " a n d w h e n she s a y s h e r p r a y e r s n i g h t and m o r n i n g s h e looks j u s t like a little angel." Little J e s u s too liked t o look a t K i t t y . He h a d been helping h e r to m a k e h e r soul m o r e a n d m o r e beautiful, till now it w a s like a lovely lily j u s t opening. 'This lily m u s t n e v e r become soiled or faded," said L i t t l e J e s u s . "I will t a k e it up t o heaven a n d plant it in m y g a r d e n w h e r e it will n e v e r fade." So one day H e sent K i t t y a n illness called d i p h t h e r i a . She w a s so ill t h a t t h e doctors took her to t h e hospital. E v e r y b o d y w a s very kind to her t h e r e . One day a d e a r old priest w e n t to see her. He told h e r t h a t Little J e s u s w a n t e d her to live with H i m in heaven. "Oh, I a m so glad," said K i t t y , and when h e r f a t h e r a n d m o t h e r came to see h e r s h e told t h e m t h e good news, a d d i n g : " A n d I will ask Little J e s u s to let you come too." But her m o t h e r and f a t h e r were very sad, for t h e y knew how lonely they would be w i t h o u t t h e i r little girl. T h e next day K i t t y fell asleep, and when s h e awoke w h e r e do you think she w a s ? R i g h t up in heaven with Little J e s u s , happy for evermore. She did not forget her f a t h e r a n d m o t h e r . The next y e a r h e r f a t h e r died too, but before he died he sent for a priest and asked him to let him die a Catholic like his little K i t t y . T h e priest i n s t r u c t e d and baptized him, and soon a f t e r he w e n t t o heaven to m e e t his little girl. Then only t h e m o t h e r was left a n d she asked t h e priest to baptize her too. " F o r , " said she, "I m u s t be w i t h K i t t y and daddy when m y t u r n comes.

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6

CATHOLIC L E A D E R ,

SATURDAY,

FIRST CONGRESS OF CATHOLIC ACTION IN SHANGHAI. CATHOLIC BODY DEALS WITH PRESS A N D EDUCATION. (Catholic R e v i e w , S h a n g h a i ) . At 8 p.m. a special showing by local talent of a dramatization of the Life of Joseph from the Old Testament w a s given for the benefit of the visiting delegates. Special Blessing by Pope for Shanghai Congress. Pope Pius XI replied to the telegram of homage dispatched by the Catholic Action Congress on its opening day in Shanghai. Declaring himself deeply touched by $n act of filial devotion, the Holy Father sent a special blessing and reiterated his good wishes for the complete success of the Congress. H. E. Mr. Wang Ching-wei, Head of the Executive Yuan of the National Government, also addressed a telegram to the Chairman and Delegates of the Congress expressing appreciation for the message received from them in which they promised their co-operation in promoting national reconstruction. On the 10th Mr. Wang Ching-wei sent a calligraphic inscription which w a s hung on the platform of the hall. Two more Bishops, the Most Rev. Andrew Defebvre, CM., Vicar Ap. of Ningpo, Chekiang, and the Most Rev. G. Deswazieres, M.E.P., Superior of N a zareth, Pokfulum, Hongkong arrived on the 12th. The number of prelates attending the Congress was 23. Catholic Youth Day Thursday was Catholic Youth Day. Five addresses were given at the morning session, which began at 9 o'clock. The Rev. Venance Chao, of Suanhwafu, Hopei, spoke on "The Mission of Catholic Youth." The Rev. Dr. John Fu, S.V.D., of the Catholic University of Peking, lectured on "The Formation of Catholic Youth." "Catholic Youth and the E u charistic Crusade" was the topic cf an Press Session address by the Rev. Chang Wei-ping, of Shanghai. "Catholic Youth and the The Press sessions in the afternoon Marian Congregations" by the Rev. evoked even greater interest. A special Chang Shih-chuan, S.J., and " Catholic meeting of Catholic journalists a t 3.30 Youth and the Apostleship of Prayer " brought together twenty or so delegates by the Rev. Simon Zi, S.J., brought the who are habitually engaged in press formal conferences to a close. work, many of them hitherto known to The National Directive Council of the one another only by name. Each jourCatholic Youth Association thereupon nalist present, Was introduced in turn presented i t s report. Several branch by the chairman and gave an account associations, notably those of Fujen and of the particular field of his work. Aurora Universities and that of TientAmong those present was Jean Armsin, gave an account of their activities. strong, Editress of " T h e Catholic ReThe Tientsin report was particularly view," Shanghai, a recent enterprise. remarkable for its vivacity. That a Catholic Press - Association of Matters concerning the Catholic Youth China be founded in the near future was Movement were discussed by the assema suggestion advanced by one of the bly and several resolutions were passed. delegates which met with general apIn the afternoon at 3.30 the Young proval. Men met for a special session. FollowAt the public session at 5 p.m., the ing an address on "Study Clubs" by th^ Rev. Frederick C. Dietz, M.M., Secretary Rev. Wu Ying-fang S.J., of Shanghai, and Press Supervisor of the Synodal questions of interest to young men were Commission, gave an account in Cantonese of Lumen News Service, which was freely debated. Review Postponed initiated a t the beginning of this year and of which he is Director. Mr. Hsiao There was to have been a formal reShih-i, of the Catholic University of view of the Catholic Student Bodies of Peking, supplemented the Cantonese Shanghai at 4 o'clock in the afternoon account with one in Mandarin. on the grounds of Aurora University but The Rev. Joseph Zi, S.J., of the this had ot be called off due to inclement Sinologieal Bureau, Zikawei, g a v e " A weather. The function was transferred Brief Survey of Recent Catholic Publito Saturday afternoon. All particpsting cations in China." in the Congress appreciated greatly the The Rev. Bonaventure Peloquin alleviation offered them as regards O.F.M., founder and former editor of temperature. the bi-lingual " China Light" and the The following morning questions Latin "Apostolicum"—both of Tsinan, affecting Catholic Men engaged the Shantung—and present editor of "China attention of the Delegates. Among Light," Hankow, read a Chinese paper those who spoke were H.E. the Apostolic on Catholic Journalism." Delegate, Archbishop Zanin, and Mr. Lo The Rev. Mark Chai, of Meihsien, Pa-hong, National President. Kwangtung, followed with an address Every day saw some development of on " Catholic Action Publications." far-reaching inmportance. On the 12th Sept a resolution was Interesting Address passed recommending the establishment Of special interest was the fifth i of a Catholic University for Women in Shanghai. September 13th, a resolution address, that of Mr. Liu Huo-hsuan, Director of the Tientsin "I-Shih-Pao" was adpoted sponsoring the erection of a National Catholic Shrine in the capi(Social Welfare Daily), on the "I-Shihtal. This is to take the form «*f a Pao and Catholic Action." church to be dedicated to the Sacred In his spirited remarks at the concluHeart of Jesus and will commemorate sion of the paper and addresses, H. E. the fact that China enjoys the distinctBishop Noel Gubbels, O.F.M., of Ichang, ion of having been the first c o u n t y in Hupeh, stressed the importance and the vrorld to erect a church in honour power of the press and urged still of the Sacred Heart, namely, that of greater activity. Questions relative to Hangchow. The project, whi^h also inthe Catholic Press were then discussed cludes a statue of Christ the King to be and several resolutions adopted. Education and the Press ^ame in for special consideration at a later session of the National Catholic Action Congress held in Shanghai last month. The first paper a t the morning s e ^ i o n dealt with " Requirements for a truly Catholic School." I n . the absence of the author, Dr. Chang Huai, Dean of the Department of Education of the Catholic University of Peking, the essay w a s read by Rev. John B. Miu, Secretary General of Catholic * option. Mr. Kiang Chen-shih, of Amoy, gave a forceful address on " School Legislation and Catholic Educational Institution." Rev. Father G. Germain, S.J., Rector of Aurora University, Shanghai together with Professor Ting, of the Department of Chemistry, presented a detailed report of the curriculum and activities of this well-known institution. Professor Ying Tsienli, Dean of the English Department of the Catholic University of Peking, did the same for that nstitution. The Rev. Rene Charvet, S.J., Rector of the "Hautes E t u d e s " of Tientsin assisted by Mr. Lee Kwan-ching, also of Tientsin, reported on the work of their Institute of Higher Commercial and Industial Studies. The Rev. Dr. Paul Yu Pin, General Directir of Catholic] Action in China, who is con-comitantly Supervisor of Catholic Education in the Synodal Commission, Peiping, then gave a succinct review of the present state of Catholic educational effort in this country. The Rev. P. a. Mertens, S. J. of Sienhsien, Hopei, speaking from the floor of the convention, took occasion to laud the work being done by the Synodal Com- j mission. :

M

1

12th OCTOBER, 1935.

erected apart from the edifice itself, has mellow age, the address was truly been entrusted to the direction of Mr. inspiring, the speaker tppearing the Lo Pa-hong, National President of Cat- very embodiment ot his thesis. Vice-President Speaks holic Action. At the morning session which opened Twenty Prelates Present Twenty prelates were present on the at 9 o'clock, Mr. Ku Teh-chai, f platform at the morning session. As Hankow, a National Vice-President of usual, the delegates were out in full Catholic Action, gave an address which force and there were also many visitors. was in the nature of a report on the The programme opened, after the custo- work of the Hankow Branch of Catholic mary prayer, with a forceful address by Action. He made reference to the Mr. Lo Pa-hong in which he emphasized former Apostolic Delegate, Archbishop Celso Costantini, in whose honour he that Catholic Action depends for its vitality and effectiveness on intimate propesed the creation of some sort of contact with the hierarchy of the Church memorial. The two other addresses at just as the branches of a vine derive this session were very practical ones of their fruitfulness from their close union great importance. "The Right of with the stalk and roots. Catholic Missions to Possess Property" Professor Ignatius Ying Tsien-!i of was minutely discussed by Msgr. I. the Catholic University of Peking, spoke Wang, Prefect Ap. of Chumatien, Honan, on "Catholic Action and Politics," ex- who was heard with impressive sUence plaining that the latter had no place for a full hour,* aside from occasional Freedom of Belief and the whatever in the activities and objectives applause. New Constitution" was the topic ot the of the former. Brother Wen Yuan, of Ankwo, Hopeh, third address, which, owing to the exa Religious of the Chinese Congregation ceptional competence of the speaker, Dr. Kou Cheou-hi, Doctor of Laws with of Brothers of St. John the Baptist, delivered an address, entitled: "What a diploma from the Institute of Political Sciences of Paris, was followed with Religious can do for Catholic Action." Mr. Teng Shu-t'eng, of Peiping, close attention. Dr. Kou is a prominent National Vice-President, presented the lawyer of the local French Municipality Jleport of the National Association. and Professor of Law at the Aurura. Ten propositions relating to matters Following his speech, the Rev. Dr. Yu Pin, General Director of Catholic Action of organization were read as amended in China, took occasion to detail briefly and approved by special committee and with the zealous work Mr. Teng has voted upon, the majority of them being been doing in Peiping for some years adopted. One of them had impoitant, past, unkown even to many of those economic bearings. At the close of the session a telegram about him. General applause followed. The Apostolic Delegate, Archbishop from Cardinal Fumasoni-Biondi, conZanin, brought the morning session to veying felicitations, best wishes and a a close with a series of points, translated blessing, was communicated to the by Dr. Yu Pin, in which hhe stressed the assembly. reponsibilities of themes, as fathers of families, in safeguarding the faith of the younger generation from the dangers inherent in the cinema and popular press, and recommended to them St. Joseph, patron of Catholic Action, as their exemplar. A third special meeting for the clergy 1-A, K i r k T e r r a c e was held at 3.30. The chief feature of (Off D h o b y G h a u t ) this was a Latin dissertation by Archbishop Zanin "on the theological bases of SINGAPORE. Catholic Action. Question and discussion followed. T h e only a n d oldest i n s t i t u t i o n Womeitss Session of i t s k i n d in S i n g a p o r e with The Women's Special Session at 5 up-to-date equipment. Had o'clock brought out an unusually large g a i n e d a s e r i e s of successes in audience, about 250 women visitors being present in addition to the regular delet h e T r i n i t y College E x a m i n a gates and auditors. Miss Chang C.Vint i o n s in t h e p a s t . N o a g e resteh, Directress of a Girls' Middle School triction. W r i t e for particulars. in Shanghai, read a greatly appreciated paper on "The Place of Women in M. A N C I A N O . Catholic Action." Miss Ying Yuling, of Principal. Peiping, speaking in place of Dr. Madeleine Chang, gave an able exposition of "The Young Women's Catholic Review of Students. Action Association." Miss Ying Ti, At 3 p.m. an impressive review of President of the Women's Branch of Catholic Action and Directress of Pei- Shanghai's Catholic students of both k'en Girls Middle School of Peiping, sexes was held on the campus of Aurora presented a lengthy report on the activi- University. It is estimated that at 5,000 individuals participated. ties of the Women's Association in the least form of an oration which riveted the H.E. the Apostolic Delegate addressed interest of all and made a deep impress- the children. The Rev. Peter Chang, ion. Local reports were presented by Pastor of St. Xavier's Church, Tungdelegates from several of the more kadoo, and a noted orator, gave an important branches of the Women's address of "The Holy Father the Pope, Commander-in-chief of Catholic Action." Association. f There was an impressive moment at the Saturday's Programme close of the exercises when the 20 preVariety spiced the programme of the seventh day of the Congress. lates present on the reviewing-stand And a rare treat, which will simultaneously imparted a blessing on doubtless remain fixed in the minds of the assembled multitude. At the 5 o'clock session for the intellmost delegates as the big e^ent of the day and one of the outstanding features ectuals, four addresses followed that of Ma Siang-peh. "The Mission of of the Congress, was the privilege of seeing and hearing Ma Siang-peh, famed Catholic Intellectuals," by the famous C^nese scholar, fcne of the foremost anthropologist Dr. Wilhelm Schmidt, statesmen of the early days of the Re- S.V.D., was read in translation by Dr. public whose gifted oratory will live on John Fu, of the Catholic University of in the memory of that exciting and ex- Peking. Professor George Chao, Ph.L., cited epoch of modern Chinese history. of the same University, ably presented of Neo-Scholastic This 96-year-old sage, in whose hat "The Introduction were collected and counted the votes Philosophy in China." Professor Luke that made Yuan Shih K'ai first Presi- Ch'en, of the Department of Fine Arts dent of the Chinese Republic, spoke for of the Catholic University of Peking, a full three-quarters of an hour from a pioneer in the field of Chinese Christian portable chair to a crowded auditorium painting, lectured on "Chinese Christian at Aurora University at the opening of Art." An exhibit of over 50 pictures the 5 o'clock meeting featuring a special painted by Professcr Ch'en and his programme for the Intellectual Branch pupils has'been a notable feature of the of Catholic Action. Instead of the few ^Congress, and has created wide interest. Mr. Chang Chai. District halting words of senility expected by Finally most of the audience there issued a Magistrate of Taihsien, Kiangsu, and a lengthy oration remarkable for the former student of the Aurora, gave a clarity of its thought and its impressive very interesting speech on the intellectual apostolate. ^ Mr. Chang is J declamation. member of the Intellectual Branch of Ma Siang-peh spoke on the ntellectual Catholic Action and, while studying at a.po^tolate. on the perfection of thought and language as a valuable asset in pro- Louvain some years ago, was one of tne pagating the faith. The idols of paga- Catholic Youth Association there. Following the report, of Mr. Yuan nism were dead deities, he said, thpfr inCh'eng Pin, Secretary General of tne fluence a thing of the past. In vivid contrast he extolled the Catholic Faith, Catholic Action Association for ™ irhich he shares, as a thing instinct with Intellectuals, the memorable session w » brought to a close with r/.me one life and concerned with the living God. remarks by the Apostolic Delegate with +he disinterested sincerity of (Continued on page 15) whose life is the light of men. Delivered 0

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CATHOLIC

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SATURDAY,

12th O C T O B E R , 1935.

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MALTA

Dublin.—The a f t e r m a t h of t h e Belfast r i o t s is still w i t h u s a n d the difficulty of finding accommodations for t h e unfortunates who h a v e lost t h e i r h o m e s is becoming m o r e a c u t e e v e r y day. Many Catholic families had sought r e f u g e a t t h e Ardoyne building e s t a t e w h e r e half-built houses, some w i t h o u t fireplaces, were t h e only s h e l t e r t o b e found, but t h i s c a n n o t be continued. Funds for t h e relief of t h e refugees a r e coming f r o m all p a r t s of Ireland. Voluntary workers, young m e n and w o m e n led by members of t h e S o c i e t y of S t . Vincent de P a u l , a r e t e n d i n g the needs of t h e poor people in MacRory P a r k , w h o m t h e y a s s i s t by cooking t h e m a n y m e a l s n e c e s s a r y to feed b e t w e e n 600 a n d 700 people p a s s i n g t h r o u g h t h e c a m p . T h e r e f u g e e s a r e u n a n i m o u s in praise of t h e efforts of t h e police to save t h e m from t h e f u r y of t h e mob b y pulling t h e m f r o m t h e streets into the safety cars, and transporting them beyond the d a n g e r zone. B u t once t h e r e t h e y had t o find s h e l t e r f o r t h e m s e l v e s . The f u r y h a s died down a n d employers a r e s t e r n l y e n f o r c i n g peace in t h e factories. H u n d r e d s of Catholic w o r k e r s h a v e received une m p l o y m e n t benefit a s a r e s u l t of t h e M i n i s t e r of L a b o u r ' s decision t o pay benefits t o t h o s e w h o , t h r o u g h intimidation, h a v e been u n a b l e t o r e t u r n t o w o r k in mills, f a c t o r i e s , and o t h e r business e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e c i t y . A trenchant history of the events l e a d i n g u p t o t h e r i o t s of July 12, w i t h i m p a r t i a l t e s t i m o n y to t h e a c t s c o m m i t t e d on t h e succeeding d a y s , is c o n t a i n e d in a letter t o t h e B r i t i s h P r i m e M i n i s t e r , Stanley Baldwin, f r o m Ronald Kidd. s e c r e t a r y to t h e British Council f o r Civil L i b e r t i e s , w h o urges t h e need f o r a s t r i c t l y impartial i n q u i r y to be s e t u p b y t h e British Parliament. Mr. Kidd places t h e onus of t h e O r a n g e outburst on t h e i n f l a m m a t o r y speeches of m e m b e r s of the Northern Government before J u l y 12, a n d on t h e i r unwillingness e i t h e r t o r e -

s t r a i n t h e m o b o r p r o t e c t t h e Catholics w h e n t h e O r a n g e procession g o t o u t of h a n d . Mr. K i d d concludes h i s i n d i c t m e n t w i t h t h e s e w o r d s " W i t h every g r e a t r e s p e c t I s u b m i t t h a t t h e r e is u r g e n t need for a s t r i c t l y i m p a r t i a l i n q u i r y t o be set u p by t h e I m p e r i a l P a r l i a ment to investigate these and o t h e r responsible a l l e g a t i o n s of m i s r u l e a n d a b u s e of a u t h o r i t y b y t h e N o r t h e r n Ireland G o v e r n m e n t . T h e c h a r g e on Imperial f u n d s for t h e use of Imperial t r o o p s in Belfast gives us the right to demand such a n i n q u i r y . " I t is officially s t a t e d t h a t 384 Catholic families, representing 1,646 m e n , women a n d children a r e h o m e l e s s in Belfast. T H E A T R E G U I L D O F ST.* J O H N T H E BAPITIST. T h e Catholic Little Theatre Guild of St. J o h n t h e B a p t i s t a s sembled recently for its annual consecration to the Sacred H e a r t . The ceremony was performed by t h e R e v . D . Madden, C. S. S p . a t t h e Morning Star Hostel for Destit u t e Men, h e r e . A f t e r t h e ceremony F a t h e r Madden s a i d t h e a c t i v i t i e s of t h e m e m b e r s of t h e Guild t a k e t h e f o r m of producing s a c r e d d r a m a by m e a n s of which t h e y a s s i s t t h e missions financially. T h e Holy G h o s t F a t h e r s feel deeply g r a t e f u l to t h e Guild, h e said a n d feel t h a t in a v e r y r e a l sense t h e y owe t o them to a great extent their priesthood. Without t h e aid given b y b e n e f a c t o r s and p e o p l e s u c h a s t h e y , h e said, it would be v e r y difficult f o r t h e C o n g r e g a t i o n of t h e Holy Ghost Fathers to maintain s u c h a l a r g e n u m b e r of s t u d e n t s a n d t o s e n d so m a n y p r i e s t s t o t h e mission. The members of t h e Guild, h e added, a r e p e n e t r a t i n g i n t o s p h e r e s not o p e n t o the priests. T h e m e m b e r s of S t . P a u l ' s D r a m a t i c Society p r e s e n t e d t h e play, " T h e B i s h o p ' s C a n d l e s t i c k s , " in h o n o u r of t h e event, a n d a n o t h e r i n t e r e s t i n g item on t h e p r o g r a m m e w a s a new p l a y b y E . T u k e e n t i t l e d " T h e A n g e l u s , " of 1916. Count Plunkett said t h e Sacred D r a m a m o v e m e n t t o - d a y h a d become p a r t of t h e lives of t h e people. S u c h a m o v e m e n t is n o t only of considerable s p i r i t u a l value, h e said, b u t it will g i v e p l a y t o t h e d r a m a t i c gifts i n h e r e n t in t h e I r i s h character. * ARTISTIC

A SYMBOL It is difficult to express the reverent love w e feel for those

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AND CYPRUS TO BE C E D E D OVER. T h e diplomatic c o r r e s p o n d e n t of t h e 'People' s a y s t h a t f r o m a h i g h authority t h e British Cabinet h a s known t h a t Mussolini's a i m s extend much further t h a n t h e mere a n n e x a t i o n of A b y s s i n i a . Immediately the E a s t African c a m p a i g n h a s been c a r r i e d out, it is t h e d i c t a t o r ' s plan t o d e m a n d that: B r i t a i n should cede M a l t a a n d Cyprus to Italy. B r i t a i n should a b a n d o n h e r p r e s e n t r i g h t s in E g y p t , t h u s l e a v i n g t h e w a y free for Mussolini t o g r a b that country. T h e B r i t i s h control o v e r t h e w a t e r s of t h e Blue Nile, the S u d a n ' s life-giving r i v e r , s h o u l d b e given up. T h u s Mussolini would g a i n control of t h e r o u t e to I n d i a . H e h a s visions of himself s t a l k i n g a c r o s s the Eastern Mediterranean as t h e C a e s a r s did in t h e d a y s of y o r e . T h a t h e is q u i t e capable of a t t e m p t i n g t o c a r r y out s u c h a wildly a m b i t i o u s s c h e m e is n o t d o u b t e d by t h e m e m b e r s of t h e B r i t i s h Cabinet.— (Malabar H e r a l d ) .

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CATECHIST BURNS DOWN INDIA HAS AT P R E S E N T N E A R L Y 4,000,000 C A T H O L I C S . C H U R C H I N T R Y I N G TO A V O I D FIRE. N e w Y o r k . — C a t h o l i c s of I n d i a now n u m b e r 3,888,707, a c c o r d i n g Bukoba (Tanganyika, East to t h e l a t e s t official r e p o r t . A f r i c a ) — T h e c a t e c h i s t in c h a r g e In 6,500 schools in I n d i a t h e of t h e school a n d chapel a t t h e Catholic Church is e d u c a t i n g mission s t a t i o n of N g o t e , in t h e 550,000 pupils a n d s t u d e n t s . In V i c a r i a t e of Bukoba, r e c e n t l y h a d 200 o r p h a n a g e s , 44 h o s p i t a l s a n d rueful e x p e r i e n c e . I t is t h e c u s 183 d i s p e n s a r i e s relief a n d medical t o m a m o n g t h e n a t i v e s of t h e aid are being brought to m a n y d i s t r i c t t o b u r n t h e dead laeves a n d t h o u s a n d s of needy people. foliage in A u g u s t . T h e c a t e c h i s t Of t h e 4,255 p r i e s t s , 950 B r o f e a r e d t h a t t h e s e b u s h fires m i g h t t h e r s a n d 8,700 n u n s w o r k i n g in h a r m t h e c h u r c h a n d decided t h a t I n d i a t o - d a y , m o r e t h a n 7,000 a r e h e himself would b u r n t h e leaves n a t i v e s of t h e c o u n t r y . 3,100 a r o u n d t h e c h u r c h before t h e o t h e r young men studying for t h e priestfires started. He gathered the hood in 65 s e m i n a r i e s g i v e p r o m i s e leaves a n d s e t fire to t h e m a t some of a g r a t i f y i n g i n c r e a s e of t h e d i s t a n c e from t h e c h u r c h b u t a n a t i v e c l e r g y in t h e n e a r f u t u r e . [ L u m e n ] I s u d d e n g u s t of wind c a r r i e d t h e flames t o t h e c h u r c h a n d s e t t o it. Wicklow g r a n i t e is b e i n g u s e d in T h e c a t e c h i s t w a s unable t o e x t i n t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n of t h e C a t h e d r a l g u i s h t h e fire a n d in a few m o m e n t s all t h a t r e m a i n e d of t h e small a t Liverpool. (N.C.W.C.) chapel w a s a pile of a s h e s .

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EXHIBITS.

W h a t m a y be confidently described a s t h e m o s t i n t e r e s t i n g item a m o n g t h e a r t i s t i c exhibits a t t h e Royal Dublin S o c i e t y ' s A n nual H o r s e Show t h i s y e a r , is t h e great scale model of Liverpool's future Catholic C a t h e d r a l . The model, t h r o u g h t h e e n t e r p r i s e of the I r i s h I n d e p e n d e n t , h a s been b r o u g h t t o Dublin. T h e sections a r r i v e in m a n y c r a t e s a n d w e r e erected by t h e son of t h e m a k e r of t h e model. Sir Edwin Lutyens, t h e architect of t h e C a t h e d r a l , has described t h i s model as a m a s t e r p i e c e of its kind a n d its a r r i v a l in Dublin h a s excited i n t e n s e i n t e r e s t throughout I r e l a n d . The D i r e c t o r of t h e Royal Dublin Society w e n t t o g r e a t pains to insure t h a t t h e model should be placed in prominent position. A great q u a n t i t y of (Continued at foot of Col. 3)

FOUNTAIN PEN GUARANTEED FOR 10 YEARS. TRY AN ELEGANT "GOLDEN A R R O W " VACUUM FILTER P E N ! ! " Golden A r r o w " p e n s t i p p e d w i t h t h e b e s t i r i d i u m vouch you for q u i t e s m o o t h c a l l i g r a p h y a n d s p o n t a n e o u s ink-flow. No pen on t h e m a r k e t can s u r p a s s " Golden A r r o w " in C h e a p ness, Refinement, Solidity a n d Novelty. Once used, a l w a y s used.

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8

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" Every child

THE HOME 4

CIVILIZATION OF A COUNTRY IS MEASURED BY THE DIGNITY OF ITS WOMANHOOD."

I n e v e r y l a n d a n d in all a g e s , t h e p r o g r e s s of a n a t i o n is, and h a s been m e a s u r e d b y t h e s a n c t i t y of t h e h o m e . I n t h e golden d a y s of R o m e ' s g r e a t n e s s , t h e h o m e life of t h e citizens w a s g u a r d e d w i t h j e a l o u s c a r e , a n d a s long a s t h e h o m e w a s r e s p e c t e d a n d k e p t int a c t , t h e s t a t e flourished. B u t no sooner w a s t h e p r i v a c y a n d s a n c t i t y of t h e h o m e allowed t o decay t h a n t h e v e r y e x i s t e n c e of t h e s t a t e b e g a n t o b e in d a n g e r . So h a s it e v e r b e e n b o t h in t h e n a t u ral and t h e supernatural order. It stands t o reason t h a t it m u s t be so: f o r t h e h o m e is b u t a m i n i a t u r e of t h e n a t i o n . T h e h o m e is n o t only t h e b i r t h - p l a c e a n d t h e n u r s e r y of t h e m e n a n d w o m e n of t h e f u t u r e b u t i t i s t h e only t r u e t r a i n i n g school f o r t h e f o r m a t i o n of c h a r a c t e r a n d g r o w t h of v i r t u e . T h e Catholic C h u r c h h a s ever insisted o n t h i s f a c t . O u r divine Lord sanctified h o m e life b y t h i r t y y e a r s ' WISDOM FOR T H E

WEEK.

Courtesy without cordiality is often insincere. A plain face often conceals a beautiful mind. Carelessness can usually be traced to selfishness. Obedience is the true holocaust which we sacrifice to God on the altar of our hearts. Good qualities, often inspire jealousy and intrigue rather than love and admiration. tjo man is thoroughly accomplished unless he has the ability to mind his own business. If thou shouldst lay up even a little upon little, and should st do this often, soon would even this become great. He serves himself best, who serves the community best, and he is the most satisfied who gives the best satisfaction. . . The mother is the greatest social factor in the world. Her power example, and influence are more farreaching than any social force.

c o u n t r y is m e a s u r e d b y t h e dign i t y of i t s womanhood. W h a t m o r e sublime spectacle can b e conceived t h a n t h e Holy family, w h e n we call t o m i n d t h e d i g n i t y of t h o s e w h o a r e i t s m e m bers. Maid and m o t h e r , and widow will find t h e i r h i g h e s t ideal in t h a t h u m b l e home. In comparison, how little, m e a n and insignificant seem t h e ambitions of so m a n y women, who for a p a l t r y satisfaction sacrifice all t h a t is b e s t a n d t r u e s t in t h e i r n a t u r e . In a t t e n d i n g on h e r Divine Child, M a r y sanctified and ennobled t h e vocation of every o t h e r Christian m o t h e r , which is n o t h i n g less t h a n t o care for, and c h e r i s h t h e souls f o r whose sake j M a r y ' s Son died on t h e Cross. : M a r y ' s influence * h a s not been in j v a i n , for t h e r a d i a n c e of t h a t per- j feet womanhood h a s shone w i t h ever-increasing b r i g h t n e s s t h r o u g h o u t t h e l e n g t h a n d b r e a d t h of C h r i s t e n d o m , and w i t h fertilising w a r m t h and brilliancy h a s elevated, a n d sanctified, a n d refined t h e noble d a u g h t e r s of o u r Catholic Church. I t s b e a m s fall now on t h e m a i d e n whose r i p e n i n g y e a r s a r e filled w i t h p r o m i s e for t h e f u t u r e , a n d h e r whole b e i n g is vivified and s t r e n g t h e n e d in its c h a s t e , soft light, a n d t h e flowers of p u r i t y blossom in h e r soul. And a g a i n it g l e a m s t h r o u g h chancel window a n d g r a c e s w i t h delicate glow t h e y o u n g b r i d e ' s veil, a n d fills h e r h e a r t w i t h t h e noble sense of love a n d d u t y , w h i c h will m a k e h e r l a t e r a m o n g s t t h e m o s t perfect t h i n g s o u r n a t u r e c a n p r o duce, t h e c h a s t e loved wife, h e r husband's strong support and never-failing-solace, a n d t h e r e v e r e d a n d w o r s h i p p e d m o t h e r of h e r little children a s well a s t h e friend a n d c o m f o r t e r of m a n y besides h e r own. A m o n g t h e evil r e s u l t s of t h e education of t h e p r e s e n t day, especially a s it affects t h e f u t u r e women of o u r n a t i o n , is t h e t e n dency t o place t h e a t t a i n m e n t of a b s t r a c t knowledge in a h i g h e r place t h a n it d e s e r v e s , i t is r g h t a n d fitting t h a t all, w o m e n a s well a s men, should h a v e t h e i r intellects t r a i n e d a n d t h e i r m i n d s stored w i t h t h e knowledge which will lelp t h e m in a f t e r life. B u t no r a t i o n a l plan of life ever excluded f r o m t h e proper t r a i n i n g b o t h of men and women a familiarity w i t h , and pleasure in t h e s e b r a n ches of practical u t i l i t y w h i c h a r e p a r t i c u l a r l y a d a p t e d t o t h e respective places m e n a n d women occupy in t h e scheme of h u m a n life. N o w a d a y s , m a n y women a r e unable to fulfil t h e i r i m p o r t a n t duties of wife and m o t h e r , because t h e v h a v e been allowed t o g r o w u p w i t h a d i s t a s t e for, if n o t a c o n t e m p t for, w h a t brainless people consider, lowly duties. W h e n we look abroad on t h e non-Catholic world of to-day t h e prospect is for t h e most p a r t one t o shock and d e p r e s s us. T h e chief reason for t h e lowering of t h e t o n e of public a n d p r i v a t e morality is a g r o w i n g neglect of t h o s e domestic v i r t u e s , which should be civilisation's g r e a t e s t boast. :

hidden life a t N a z a r e t h , a n d elevated h o m e a n d m o t h e r h o o d , in t h e p e r s o n of H i s Blessed Mother, t o be a s a c r e d a n d holy t h i n g . It is, t h e r e f o r e , n o t too m u c h to say t h a t holiness a n d f a i t h a r e due t o t h e influence of t h e h o m e , a n d t h a t h a p p i n e s s a n d holiness of t h e inm a t e s depend a l m o s t a l t o g e t h e r on t h e wife a n d m o t h e r . F o r home i life is t h e n o r m a l s p h e r e of wo- I m a n ' s action, a n d can only a r r i v e i a t i t s perfection w h e n s h e h a s t h e education, o p p o r t u n i t i e s a n d freedom n e c e s s a r y f o r t h e p e r f o r m ance of h e r d u t i e s . Much m i g h t be said a b o u t t h e m a n y s p h e r e s of life in which women m a y distinguish themselves, b u t f o r t h e p r e s e n t we m u s t limit o u r r e m a r k s t o t h e case of t h o s e w h o h a v e u n d e r t a k e n t h e responsibilities a n d l a b o u r s ins e p a r a b l e f r o m t h e c a r e of t h e home. T h e place w h i c h w o m e n a r e des t i n e d b y God t o occupy in t h e social o r d e r , is one of g r e a t imp o r t a n c e , f o r t h e civilisation of a

needs milk every day"

"MILKMAID" MILK RECIPES.

DELAYING MARRIAGE.

Soups, etc. T h e d i s a d v a n t a g e of a m a r r i a g e t h a t h a s t o be long deferred is t h a t inevitably a lot of romance w e a r s off (says a n A m e r i c a n w r i t e r ) . Love's y o u n g d r e a m g e t s a little shopworn in t i m e and loses some of i t s g l i t t e r . W e d d i n g cake is like a souffle. To g e t i t s finest flavour it should be e a t e n a s soon a s it is cooked, w h e n it is all puffed u p and h o t . If you let it s t a n d it falls flat. Only w h e n we a r e v e r y y o u n g do w e e v e r see t h e golden glory a n d a r e w e upborne by t h e circling w i n g s of love. Only w h e n we a r e y o u n g do we thrill a n d p a l p i t a t e a n d g r o w hot a n d cold a t t h e sound of a footstep. Only w h e n we a r e v e r y young do we believe t h a t m a r r i a g e is all happiness. And so, in a way, it is a p i t y all y o u n g lovers cannot m a r r y while all of t h i s glamour is a b o u t t h e m . Inevitably, of course, t h e y a r e bound, t o h a v e t h e i r disillusion because real life is never a f a i r y tale, b u t t h e y h a v e had, a t any rate, their great moment. B u t h a v i n g got w h a t t h e y w a n t ed w h e n t h e y w a n t e d it, is about all t h a t can be said in favour of t h e early m a r r i a g e . T h a t it does n o t m a k e for h a p p i n e s s is abund a n t l y proved f a r oftener t h a n does t h e m a r r i a g e contracted later in life. N o t h i n g is m o r e baseless t h a n t h e t h e o r y t h a t if a boy and girl m a r r y t h e y will g r o w up t o g e t h e r and have t h e s a m e t a s t e s a n d h a b i t s and outlooks on life. Development is d e t e r m i n e d by N a t u r e , not b y p r o p i n q u i t y . N o r is t h e r e a n y t r u t h in t h e o t h e r sentim e n t a l t h e o r y t h a t y o u n g people can a d a p t t h e m s e l v e s to each o t h e r b e t t e r t h a n older people. N o t h i n g in t h e world is so u n a d a p t a b l e as y o u t h , because y o u t h is p u r e selfishness and ar- j rogance. I t t a k e s t i m e . It t a k e s ! a g e . It t a k e s experience. It t a k e s I b a t t l i n g up a g a i n s t t h e world t o t e a c h us t h e folly of t r y i n g to i b r e a k down stone walls instead of | walking around t h e m . I t t a k e s a | knowledge of life t h a t comes only j from living, to t e a c h us how t o get I along with people—and t h a t goes for h u s b a n d s and wives especially — h o w t o m a k e allowances for t h e i r v i r t u e s , and how generally to smooth t h e i r f u r t h e r i g h t way and handle t h e m w i t h tact and diplomacy. So t h e y o u n g people who h a v e h a d to defer t h e i r m a r r a i g e s need not feel t h a t t h e i r w a i t i n g h a s been a total loss. T h e y m a y not h a v e quite so m a n y illusions, b u t t h e y will have a lot b e t t e r chance

Bones should n e v e r be thrown a w a y . If b r o k e n u p small and put into t h e oven in a n e a r t h e n w a r e jar w i t h cold w a t e r , a n d allowed to s i m m e r gently, t h e y m a k e a good f o u n d a t i o n stock for soup. It is useful t o keep t h e stockpot always going. C r u s t s of b r e a d , broken m e a t , t h e r i n d of bacon, etc., all help to m a k e t h e stock b e t t e r and save waste.

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Broth. W a s h t w o ounces of barley or rice, p u t in a s a u c e p a n w i t h three p i n t s of w a t e r , a n d w h e n boiling a d d t w o p o u n d s of beef, neck of m u t t o n , or bones (if bones put t h e m on in cold w a t e r ) . Cut up a c a r r o t , t u r n i p , onion, q u a r t e r of a c a b b a g e , a n d a little parsley, and a d d w i t h salt a n d pepper. Allow to simmer two hours. * * • * D r . K i t c h e n e r ' s Soup. P u t one p o u n d of beef or scrag of m u t t o n i n t o a p a n with five q u a r t s of cold w a t e r , salt, three ounces of barley, seasoning, and a b u n c h of h e r b s , c o n s i s t i n g of parsley, t h y m e , a n d m a r j o r a m . While t h i s is coming t o a boil, wash and c u t up four c a r r o t s , t h r e e onions, and other vegetables. P u t an ounce of d r i p p i n g into a fryingp a n , and w h e n it comes to a boil c u t four ounces of f a t bacon into small s q u a r e s a n d f r y it with the o n i o n s ; sprinkle in t w o tablespoonfuls of o a t m e a l . W h e n t h e oatmeal u browned t a k e t w o cupfuls of the b r o t h , pour i n t o t h e frying-pan, s t i r all well t o g e t h e r , a n d t u r n it back into t h e p a n of b r o t h . Season t o t a s t e w i t h p e p p e r a n d salt. Simm e r slowly f o u r or five hours.

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P e a o r Lentil Soup. F r y two small onions and a little celery in d r i p p i n g , add t h r e e quarts of cold w a t e r , a n d one pound of split peas, w h i c h h a v e been in soak all n i g h t . C u t u p a n d put in a t u r n i p , t w o c a r r o t s , and three sticks of celery, s w e e t herbs, pepper, and salt t o t a s t e , and simmer for t h r e e h o u r s until t h e peas are soft enough t o p a s s through a colander. R e h e a t it, and serve it with toasted bread. A few cooked or uncooked bones m a y be added, if liked. Lentil soup m a y be made in the s a m e way. a t h a p p i n e s s . In t h e first place, t h e y will be s u r e of t h e i r own feelings, and a f t e r all t h a t is the most i m p o r t a n t t h i n g in making marr i a g e a success.


9

AUSTRALIAN PRIME MINISTER'S REQUEST TO THE POPE VINE C U L T I V A T I O N MANCHURIA.

MANY I N S T I T U T I O N S OBSERVE LAST R I T E S FOR FATHER J. P. MURPHY.

IN

(CHINA M I S S I O N S ' S U C C E S S F U L EXPERIMENTS.

CAMPAIGN FOR CHEAPER AND BETTER FOOD

Peking—The p r o b l e m of securing wine for t h e Sacrifice of t h e Mass has a l w a y s been a g r a v e one The Prime Minister (Mr. lity and in general p r o m b t e t h e for the m i s s i o n a r i e s in China. L y o n s ) h a s issued a s u m m a r y of happiness and welfare of a nation. Customs d u t i e s a n d local t a x e s a t t h e m e m o r a n d u m which he subT h e s e protective foods included times make t h e cost of t h e wine mitted t o His Holiness t h e Pope milk, d a i r y produce, f r e s h vegetaalmost prohibitive. Until recently d u r i n g his recent visit to Rome, bles, fruit and meat. it was n e c e s s a r y t o i m p o r t almost when, a s t h e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of a Unsuitable D i e t a r i e s . all the w ine c o n s u m e d . Recent ex- largely agricultural country, Mr. periments w i t h vines i m p o r t e d Lyons emphasised to t h e Pope t h e The memorandum stated that from E u r o p e i n d i c a t e t h a t it will benefits t h a t would follow for both in t h e U n i t e d Kingdom 15,000.000 be possible t o r e d u c e t h e cost of consuming and producing commupersons w e r e compelled, t h r o u g h wine considerably. Vines imported nities if a w i d e r distribution of w a n t or ignorance, to consume from B o r d e a u x a n d cultivated by food stuffs w e r e b r o u g h t about. dietaries, t h a t in t h e light of Fr. Lamasse in M a n c h u r i a several Mr. L y o n s urged t h e Pope to add modern knowledge m u s t be r e years ago h a v e g r o w n successfully. t h e w e i g h t of t h e a u t h o r i t y of garded as insufficient t o s u s t a i n The Marist B r o t h e r s h a v e conduct- t h e Holy See to t h e endeavours full h e a l t h and efficiency. If ined successful e x p e r i m e n t s a t t h e i r being m a d e t o obtain a more ge- fantile m o r t a l i t y r a t e could be College at Chala, n e a r P e k i n g . A nerous use of foodstuffs. decreased t h r o u g h t h e b e t t e r feedrecent article b y B r o t h e r Louis Mr. Lyons said t h a t t h e efforts ing of h u m a n breeding stock from Michael in t h e Bulletin Catholique being m a d e a t Geneva to find a infancy t o t h e age of a t least 30 of Peking offers practical advice solution of t h e world's agricultu- y e a r s , t h e results would be similar for the c u l t i v a t i o n of vines and ral problems b y linking t h e m with in effect t o an increase in t h e the production of M a s s wine in t h e t h e increased use cf health-giving b i r t h r a t e . The p r e s e r v a t i o n of missions. ( F i d e s ) . foods a m o n g t h e poorer classes life w a s also a far less controverwere t h e r e s u l t of Australian sial idea t h a n t h e s t i m u l a t i o n of — m o r e life. In 1932, infantile initiative. STRICKEN ABBE CURED. m o r t a l i t y r a t e s w e r e : — N e w ZeaT h e m e m o r a n d u m submitted to :Stitches S a t u r a t e d w i t h L o u r d e s t h e Pope was p r e p a r e d a t t h e re- land, 31 p e r 1000: A u s t r a l i a 41 Water. Paris, A u g . 26.—Dr. L a r g e t , a quest of Mr. L y o n s by t h e econo- p e r 1,000: E n g l a n d a n d Wales 65 s u r g e o n of S t . G e r m a i n en L a y e , mic adviser t o t h e Commonwealth p e r 1000: and Italy 106 p e r 1000. F i v e Y e a r plans to s e c u r e for Brinear Versailles, is t h e a u t h o r i t y delegation in London. It set out t a i n a r a t e of infantile m o r t a l i t y t h a t t h e a g r i c u l t u r a l depression for the following account of t h e remarkable c u r e of Abbe F l a v i g n y , t h r o u g h o u t t h e world was per- not h i g h e r t h a n t h a t of N e w ZeaDean of S t . G e r m a i n and V i c a r h a p s t h e principal factor r e t a r d - land and for Italy one not h i g h e r It m i g h t t h a n t h e p r e s e n t r a t e in t h e U n i t •General of t h e Diocese of V e r - ing world recovery. have been expected that t h e ed Kingdom would be practical sailles. extremely low prices a n d t h e beneficial r e s u l t s would be After several a t t a c k s of a p p e n d i - p r e s e n t incalculable. citis, Abbe F l a v i g n y u n d e r w e n t a n would h a v e b r o u g h t about a n auThe memorandum suggested operation. T h e o p e r a t i o n w a s com- t o m a t i c a d j u s t m e n t b y stimulating t h a t G o v e r n m e n t s m i g h t increase increased consumption in t h e purplicated by a d h e s i o n s of t h e appendix, p a r t i c u l a r l y t o a n i m p o r t a n t c h a s i n g countries. This had not t h e consumption of health-giving foods by educational p r o p a g a n d a governments a r t e r y . A fistula a p p e a r e d some happened because •days later. I t w a s a g r a v e compli- had t a k e n s t e p s to protect t h e i r and by action to enable t h e poorer The classes to obtain m o r e a d e q u a t e cation n e c e s s i t a t i n g a new opera- own a g r i c u l t u r a l producers. supplies. T h e idea of m a k i n g a capacity of a g r i c u l t u r a l countries tion, t h e o u t c o m e of which w a s ^doubtful due t o a diabetic condition. to produce h a d increased y e a r by n u t r i t i o u s lunch a p a r t of t h e s t a t e school curriculum was w o r t h y of The incision, d r e s s e d four t i m e s y e a r a s a result of t h e continued Education given <daily, gave no indication of h e a l - successful application of t h e Re- consideration. to under-nourished children was sults of scientific investigation. ing. frequently wasted. T h e conseDr. L a r g e t , realizing t h e futility Yet e v e r y w h e r e restriction plans quences w h i c h m i g h t b e expected w e r e being enforced. Restriction •of medical a i d , decided t h a t before a s a result of a g r e a t drive t o inrisking a n o t h e r operation, h e would w a s a t best a n e g a t i v e policy and crease consumption of foodstuffs its p e r m a n e n t adoption would use s t i t c h e s , s a t u r a t e d w i t h w a t e r in w e s t e r n countries would include from L o u r d e s , while t h e family of indicate a profound pessimism in t h e f o l l o w i n g : — ( A ) B e t t e r health, the patient m a d e a novena to O u r r e g a r d t o t h e f u t u r e of civilisation. w i t h all i t s social and political adLady of L o u r d e s . On t h e fifth d a y T h e solution m u s t be found in in- v a n t a g e s (B) to t h e industrial when the s t i t c h e s w e r e removed creased consumption, not in re- countries a n a p p o r t u n i t y for a r e production. Modem intact, t h e i n t e s t i n a l wound h a d t a r d e d prevent orientation of a g r i c u l t u r a l policy closed and t h e a b d o m e n healed medical science could and (C) t o t h e a g r i c u l t u r a l counrafter the n o r m a l period of delay. m a n y diseases, g r e a t l y improve t r i e s obvious a d v a n t a g e s . The B u r e a u of Medical Verifica- t h e h e a l t h a n d m e n t a l powers of Reuters (Mailer). tion at L o u r d e s , t a k i n g cognizance children, reduce infantile mortaof the a b n o r m a l conditions u n d e r MICMAC I N D I A N S HONOUR which this c u r e w a s effected, h a s A U S T R I A P L A N S T O L I F T T A X LENNOX ISLAND PRIEST. admitted t h a t it h a p p e n e d outside ON CULTURAL FILMS. St. J o h n , New Brunswick (Cathe ordinary forces of n a t u r e . Vienna.—After h a v i n g enacted I n a d a ) — M i c m a c I n d i a n s , of t h e SHRINE I N E R I N N O W H A S strict m e a s u r e s a g a i n s t immoral ! Lennox Island reservation, paid t h e MEDICAL BUREAU. films and put a n end to serious Rev. J o h n A. MacDonald, t h e i r Dublin.—Great n u m b e r s of pil- abuses, t h e A u s t r i a n Ministry for p a r i s h priest, an u n u s u a l t r i b u t e on grims from all p a r t s of Ireland Education h a s now m a d e a f u r t h e r t h e occasion of his celebration of made the a n n u a l p i l g r i m a g e t o t h e step in t h e direction of encouraging t h e fiftieth a n n i v e r s a r y of his ordiShrine of O u r L a d y of Knock a t t h e production of good films. nation. E v e r y Indian on t h e island, which a medical B u r e a u w a s openT h e Central Office for People's regardless of age, participated in ed this y e a r for t h e first t i m e . Education, which is entrusted with ! t h e celebration, each w e a r i n g tribIn a t a l k b r o a d c a s t by t h e t h e control of film production, h a s al g a r b . Saorstat S t a t i o n s on t h e "Medical t a k e n t h e initiative with a view t o A f t e r F a t h e r MacDonald had Aspect of Knock a n d t h e Medical p r o c u r i n g for films which are s u n g a solemn Mass of t h a n k s Bureau" D r . Stafford J o h n s o n , classified as "of cultural value" or giving, Chief Jacob S a r k eulogized president of t h e I r i s h Guild of S t . "suited for educational purposes," t h e p a s t o r for his consistent and Luke, St. C o s m a s and St. D a m i a n full exemption from all taxes im- faithful work among t h e Indians. said t h a t since t h e A p p a r i t i o n in posed on cinema performances. But He has been not only a spiritual August, 1879, t h e r e h a d been a such exemption shall be granted guide for the r e d m e n , but has steady s t r e a m of r e p o r t e d cures a t only if t h e film in question occupies familiarized them with t h e ways Knock. t h e l a r g e r p a r t of a whole per- of t h e world in business, social The Most Rev. T h o m a s P . Giland o t h e r phases of life. P a r t i formance. martin, A r c h b i s h o p of T u a m , a p cipating in t h e 50th a n n i v e r s a r v F i l m s declared to be " w o r t h y of proved t h e s e t t i n g up of t h e celebration was t h e Most Reverend Medical B u r e a u u n d e r t h e care of at>preciation from an artistic point J. A. O'Sullivan, Bishop of C h a r of view," shall be g r a n t e d a reducthe Catholic Guild of Doctors. lottetown. (Fides). tion of t a x e s . (N.C.W.C.) (N.C.W.C.) T

Peiping.—In St. S a v i o u r ' s Cat h e d r a l a t t h e P e i t a n g on 14th S e p t e m b e r , before a l a r g e audience composed of ecclesiastical dignitaries, r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s of t h e various E m b a s s i e s and L e g a t i o n s , and sist e r educational i n s t i t u t i o n s , a s well as s t u d e n t s and lay m e m b e r s of t h e c o m m u n i t y , Pontifical H i g h Req u i e m Mass w a s conducted by H . E . A u g u s t i n H e n n i n g h a u s , B i s h o p of Yenchowfu, S h a n t u n g , in h o n o u r of t h e recently deceased V e r y R e v e r e n d Doctor J o s e p h P . Murp h y , S.V.D., D.D., late R e c t o r of t h e Catholic U n i v e r s i t y , Peiping. | I t is a t r a g i c coincidence t h a t t h i s c c r m o n y was held on t h e d a y m a r k ing t h e second a n n i v e r s a r y of F a t h e r M u r p h y ' s a r r i v a l in P e i p i n g to a s s u m e his duties as R e c t o r of t h i s i m p o r t a n t educational i n s t i t u t i o n . S e a t e d in a place of h o n o u r in t h e choir was H . E . P a u l M o n t a i g n e , B i s h o p of Peiping, t o g e t h e r w i t h t h e R i g h t Reverend M o n s i g n o r Comisso, r e p r e s e n t i n g Apostolic D e l e g a t e Zanin, and Secretary Reverend Bruniera. A m o n g t h e s e v e r a l ecclestiastical d i g n i t a r i e s were the Very Reverend Theodore S c h u , Regional of t h e S h a n t u n g Mission of t h e Society of t h e Div i n e Word, and t h e V e r y R e v e r e n d D o c t o r William S c h m i d t , P r o f e s s o r of E t h n o l o g y in V i e n n a a n d Direct o r of t h e L a t e r a n M u s e u m in Rome. R e p r e s e n t i n g t h e L e g a t i o n s and E m b a s s i e s were H . E . t h e G e r m a n A m b a s s a d o r , Doctor O s c a r T r a u t m a n n , a n d Mr. J. P i e t r o , of t h e Belgian L e g a t i o n . A m o n g t h e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s of t h e educational i n s t i t u t i o n s of t h e city w e r e Dr. Shen, representing the President of Catholic U n i v e r s i t y , w h o w a s u n a b l e t o be p r e s e n t in person, D r . J . L e i g h t o n S t u a r t , P r e s i d e n t of Y e n c h i n g University, a n d D r . Paul H . Stevenson, r e p r e s e n t i n g t h e P e i p i n g Union Medical College. M a n y m e m b e r s of t h e v a r i o u s ecclesiastical order were t o be noted in t h e audience. The special g u e s t s were m e t and escorted t o t h e i r s e a t s by F a t h e r C r e m e r s . Bishop H e n n i n g h a u s w a s celeb r a n t of t h e M a s s . A f t e r the M a s s t h e Bishop delivered in Chin e s e a s h o r t eulogy of Father M u r p h y , Impressive throughout t h e service was t h e m u s i c of t h e clioir furnished by t h e s e m i n a r y a r d t h e children's c h o r u s of t h e Cathedral, with F a t h e r Castel presiding at the main organ. A f t e r t h e service t h e body w a s conveyed t o t h e h i s t o r i c C h a l a Cemetery. Here Father Murphy's r e m a i n s will r e s t with t h o s e of a l a r g e n u m b e r of heroic figures w h o h a v e given t h e i r lives for the advancement of knowledge in C h i n a . The earliest figure of t h i s notable assemblage is t h a t of F a t h e r Ricci, whose g r a v e s t o n e b e a r s t h e d a t e of 1616. APOSTOLIC D E L E G A T E VISITS CEYLON. Colombo ( C e y l o n ) — H i s Excellency t h e Most R e v e r e n d Leo K*erkels, Apostolic D e l e g a t ? t o India, h a s j u s t completed a visitation of t h e missions in t h e Island of Ceylon. His Excellency visited t h e a r e a s which have be?n s t r i k e n by t h e m a l a r i a epidemic and observed t h e relief work being done by t h e missionaries. (Fides)


MALAYA CATHOLIC LEADER, SATURDAY,

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All correspondence and literary contributions should be addressed to The Managing Editor, Rev. R. Cardon, 73, Bras Basah Road, Singapore. Tel. 7376, Singapore.

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S a t u r d a y , 12th October, 1935.

VOCATIONAL TRAINING The epithet vocational' is not used here in a religious sense as pertaining to the priestly calling, but is meant to embrace the various secular walks of life. This subject has come into the limelight more recently and has been discussed from yarious viewpoints by those directly and indirectly concerned with the work of education. There is obviously a lack of proper conception as to what vocational education is. This is undoubtedly due to the fact that the term has not been sufficiently explained to the average mind. An erroneous notion has unfortunately gained currency among the less informed people here that this type of education savours of the low or menial grades of labour, which do not command much social prestige. It is often urged that vocational education is intended to turn out efficient tailors, carpenters and the like with. possibly a meagre smattering of English, while the much envied possibility of becoming a ' quill-driver' or * typist is regarded as the usual goal of our present school system. We are disposed to place education in two main categories, namely cultural and vocational. The former training is calculated to mould candidates for the socalled learned professions, while the latter is meant to fit out students who will take up places in the various trades and crafts. Commercial training as it obtains in these days, finds it hard to be properly categorised. The higher forms of business education nowadays have attained an academic status that lays claim to cultural standing, whereas the lower rungs of this ladder are generally occupied by those whose training does not call for much vision or initiative. Mr. D. W. McLeod, Principal, j Raffles Institution, makes the following remarks with regard to~ the present system of our schools: i "If there be fault to find with the schools to-day it surely is not that they are non-vocational but that they are uni-vocational. I do not admit yet that it is so, but c

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were it definitely so, the remedy is simple. To change them from uni-vocationl to multi-vocational is merely a matter of organisation and cost." From this observation, it appears possible to adjust our present educational system to fit in with vocational needs without going into the unnecessary expenditure of establishing special schools for the purpose. The question of discovering a boy's natural bent or capacity for any particular ocupation is of paramount importance. No hard and fast rule may be laid down in this matter as there is no standard rate of mental progress generally applicable to all youth. Taking local boys however, it may be reasonably said that the age of fourteen or fifteen is about the time when they begin to give any evidence of leanings towards a particular calling. This would naturally be the starting point to direct their energies and abilities along the channels they choose. Prior to this stage, or may we say determining point, Mr. McLeod suggests that cultural training in Literature, Languages, History, Geography, Mathematics, Hygiene, Art etc. must be maintained to a fair degree. Furthermore, to give free scope to individual tastes and abilities, while pursuing a course of liberal studies, such subjects as elementary logic, easy economics, the rudiments of sciences, political historv, administration, public finance, world history and even anthropology may be introduced. The idea of a back-to-the-land movement does not sound very inviting to modern youth who are so captivated by the glamour of city life, and the prospect of exercising thews and sinews under a tropical sun may appear less pleasing than a sedentary job at a desk. But the time has definitely come for this foolish notion to be cut out. There is decidedly a vast scope for agricultural, farming and other kindred pursuits, and enterprising young men can tap these resources with advantage under expert technical guidance. It is an open secret that this country is mainly dependent for the necessaries of life on other neighbouring lands, and under a new agrarian scheme sponsored by the Government and potential capitalists, the huge sums of money finding their way out may easily be retained to enchance local amenities, and provide an honest living for every willing hand. We would like to stress again the value and importance of moral training, whether a boy be trained to become a politician or a poulterer. The main object of education is_ to impose civic responsibilities on the young who are to be the future citizens. We must endeavour to instill basic human standards and dispel all false sense of value. Our boys and girls must be trained to act

12th OCTOBER, 1935.

1 NOTES A N D COMMENTS: THE

PARALLEL

BETWEEN

ANTI-SEMITISM

AND

U N T O U C H ABILITY — D E A N INGE A N D T H E PAPACY —LEX

GENTIUM —DISTRESS

T h e Paralled between AntiS e m i t i s m and Untouchability. In t h e Anti-Semitic a g i t a t i o n s of t h e T h i r d Reich which s e e m s to have received a fresh i m p e t u s recently, a n d in t h e " P u r e A r y a n G e r m a n ' s " a s s e r t i o n s of superior i t y over t h e Semitic races, an Indian c o n t e m p o r a r y appears to h a v e found a parallel to t h e g r o w t h of untouchability in India. Alt h o u g h we m a y be able to t r a c e superficial resemblances, the principles u n d e r l y i n g t h e m are such, as t o m a k e t h e differences t h a t exist between t h e two m o v e m e n t s essential and profound. W h i l s t t h e origin of untouchability in India is wholly religious a n d social, t h e a n t i - S e m i t i s m of p r e s e n t - d a y G e r m a n y springing from fiscal a n d economic causes w i t h a , slight d a s h of prejudice to s a v o u r it, is p u r e l y racial. The c a s t e i s y s t e m of India developing a s it did from t h e t e a c h i n g s of H i n d u ism, h a s so closely identified itself with t h e religious beliefs of t h e Hindu, t h a t a n y a t t e m p t to b r e a k it, would be to a l t e r essentially one of t h e f u n d a m e n t a l principles of ' H i n d u i s m . T h e anti-Semitic d r i v e on t h e o t h e r h a n d is t h e outcome I of t h a t superiority-complex u n d e r I which t h e A r y a n races of G e r m a n y | h a v e for some t i m e been labouring. T h e desire t o oust t h e J e w s from i t h o s e coveted positions both of j h i g h official a s well as business i responsibility which t h e y occupy, j and t o b r e a k . t h e i r financial hold of j t h e c o u n t r y h a s m a d e its m a n i f e s j tation under that exaggerated I nationalism and assertion of s u p e r i o r i t y over all other races, . w h i c h a r e t h e dismal c h a r a c t e r i s I tics of t h e T h i r d Reich. * * * * Dean I n g e and t h e Papacy. W r i t i n g in t h e 'Times of I n d i a / \ Dean I n g e s t a t e d t h a t had AlexI a n d e r conquered Rome, t h e r e would ; h a v e been no R o m a n E m p i r e and ; n o Pope. I t is usually i n t e r e s t i n g t o s u r m i s e on t h e course h i s t o r y ! would h a v e t a k e n if some decisive I event h a d not happened, or h a d a n j a d v e r s e decision in an i m p o r t a n t I b a t t l e m i g h t h a v e altered a whole I t r e n d of e v e n t s . But whatever I t h e c a s e in question m a y be, we ' o u g h t t o distinguish between e s \ sentials a n d accidentals. D r . I n g e : in a s s e r t i n g t h a t h a d t h e r e been no ; R o m a n E m p i r e t h e r e would h a v e I been no Pope, confuses accidentals w i t h essentials. T h a t t h e Pope is Bishop of Rome is immaterial, being only accidental. The fact of p r i m e i m p o r t a n c e is t h a t h e is ! H e a d of t h e C h u r c h by Divine a p p o i n t m e n t , holding his a u t h o r i t y from a n u n b r o k e n line of Pontiffs succeeding St. P e t e r . W h a t we would s a y is t h a t if Rome had not ;

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wisely, deal fairly, and discern accurately in all matters of right and w r o n g . This should be the Christian * norm ' of education that is really w o r t h its while. T o | aim at virtue and goodness, does not require noble birth, affluence, a keen intellectual sense or even patronage and influence. A good m a n is a God's man, and this is attainable by all in any station of life, however humble be it may. 1

RELIEF

IN

MALAYA.

existed, t h e P o p e would not have been Bishop of R o m e ; b u t having his See in a n y o t h e r city, he would still h a v e been Pope or H e a d of the C h u r c h . In fact S t . P e t e r , who ; was appointed by C h r i s t as Head ; of t h e C h u r c h , did not fix his See | a t Rome till some t i m e after the Ascension of O u r Saviour. He rei m a i n e d for a brief period at An{ tioch a n d t h i s fact is celebrated b y j t h e C h u r c h in t h e feast of "St. | P e t e r ' s C h a i r a t A n t i o c h . " It was ! from t h i s city t h a t h e later transfered h i s s e a t t o Rome. A s t u d y of t h e H i s t o r y of the chosen people of God o u g h t to have been enough t o convince Dr. Inge t h a t t h e e t e r n a l plans of God are not confined b y or d e p e n d e n t on the ; n a r r o w limits of e a r t h l y politics. * * * * Lex G e n t i u m . In a series of lectures on the f u n d a m e n t a l principles of international life delivered by Dr. Edmund A. Walsh, S.J., an American Catholic priest, before t h e celebrated i Academy of I n t e r n a t i o n a l Law at T h e H a g u e , t h i s learned scholar j points out t h a t s p i r i t u a l exhausj tion is t h e cause underlying the ; present economic tension in the j world. T h e t h r e e m o t i v e s of fear, j i n t e r e s t and a m b i t i o n affected profoundly t h e development of relations a m o n g m o d e r n s t a t e s . P3ace according to his opinion, was not " t h e absence of a s t a t e of war" as Hobbes defines it, b u t r a t h e r as St. A u g u s t i n e p u t s it t h e "tranquility of o r d e r " r e i g n i n g in t h e heart of t h e individual, t h e nation and the world.

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D i s t r e s s Relief in M a l a y a . T h e j o i n t appeal launched by t h e heads of t h e C h r i s t i a n Churches in Singapore t h a t S u n d a y , October 6th, 1935 be observed a s a day of p r a y e r for t h e relief of unemploym e n t and t h e alleviation of dist r e s s , and t h a t " a real sacrifice of service a n d s u b s t a n c e " on behalf of t h e needy be m a d e , would, we a i e s u r e , h a v e found a ready response from t h e C h r i s t i a n public of t h i s city. T h e p r e c e p t s of Christian C h a r i t y impose upon us a duty which no God-fearing person can allow to p a s s unfulfilled. AIL C h r i s t i a n s w h o h a v e it in their m e a n s , a r e u n d e r t h e obligation of helping t h e i r needy b r e t h r e n , who t h r o u g h no fault of t h e i r s , find themselves b y some adverse turn of f o r t u n e ' s wheel, deprived of livelihood a n d feel t h e cruel pinch of p r o v e r t y a n d d e s t i t u t i o n . Malaya h a s h a d m o r e than its fair s h a r e of t h e social and economic evils from which t h e world is suffering a n d t h e chief of these evils of o u r t i m e s is due, as Pope Leo X I I I a n d succeeding Popes h a v e r e p e a t e d l y insisted, to t h e fact t h a t in t h e g e n e r a l organization a n d conduct of society, Christian principles a r e too often abandoned in m e n ' s dealings with one a n o t h e r . T h e r e m e d y lies in the establishment of certain basic C h r i s t i a n T r u t h s , and of the fund a m e n t a l principles of Christian J u s t i c e and C h a r i t y . "If Society is to be healed n o w " wrote Pope Leo X I I I ',in no o t h e r w a y can it be healed save b y a r e t u r n to Christian life a n d C h r i s t i a n Institutions."


11

GOSPEL

CAMPAIGN TO OPEN MOVIES ON SUNDAY.

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

for OPPOSED BY B I S H O P . E I G H T E E N T H SUNDAY A F T E R PENTECOST. ( M a t t . IX, 1-8) A t t h a t time, J e s u s e n t e r i n g into a boat, passed over t h e water, P i t t s b u r g h . — A c a m p a i g n in opand came into h i s own city. And behold, they b r o u g h t to him one position t o a proposal t o permit sick of t h e palsy lying in a bed; and J e s u s seeing t h e i r faith, said motion picture t h e a t r e s to remain to t h e man sick of t h e palsy, Be of good h e a r t , s o n ; t h y sins a r e open on Sunday is commended in forgiven t h e e . And behoM some cf t h e scribes said within t h e m a letter w r i t t e n by t h e Most Rev. selves, He b l a s p h e m e t h . And J e s u s , seeing t h e i r t h o u g h t s , said, Hu^h C. Boyle, B i s h o p of P i t t s W h y do you t h i n k evil in your h e a r t s ? w h e t h e r is it easier to say, burg, and m a d e public h e r e . Thy sins a r e forgiven t h e e ; or to say, Arise, and w a l k ? But t h a t • Stating t h a t his opposition w a s you may know t h a t t h e Son of m a n h a t h power on e a r t h to forgive to all commercialized a m u s e m e n t s sins ( t h e n said he to m a n sic^ of t h e p a l s y ) , Arise, t a k e up t h y bed, held on S u n d a y , B i s h o p Boyle and go into t h y house. And he a r o s e , and went into his house. wrote: And t h e m u l t i t u d e seeing it, feared, and glorified God who had given " I want to say a word of ensuch power to men. couragement for t h e campaign COMMENTARY. which the P i t t s b u r g h Catholic is It is n o t e w o r t h y t h a t Jesus, | had been forgiven. T h e faith waging a g a i n s t t h e proposal to when called upon to heal bodies, which b r o u g h t him to J e s u s would open t h e a t r e on S u n d a y for t h e did heal t h e souls several times, r a t h e r h a v e s u g g e s t e d to him acts exhibition of m o v i n g a n d talking In t h e present case, for instance, of t h a n k s g i v i n g for a f a r g r e a t e r pictures. I t is bad e n o u g h to h a v e J e s u s saw in t h e sick m a n a great- blessing t h a n he had expected, and permitted commercial baseball and er evil t h a n t h a t of his palsy, and he would have been glad enough football on S u n d a y w i t h o u t adding a n evil of which palsy was a fitting ; to be carried h o m e again, and to the talking p i c t u r e t o t h e elements symbol. Hence those m y s t e r i o u s ' be allowed to c o n t i n u e in his inthat make for t h e a l m o s t complete words, "be of good h e a r t , son, t h y firmity. He could be dismissed in forgetfulness of t h e purpose for sins a r e forgiven t h e e . " F o r H e peace, a s t h e old Simeon, because which the day w a s set aside. was God as well as m a n ; and God his eyes had seen t h e Saviour. "I am f a r from finding fault I sees our h e a r t and conscience, and Anyhow there were several with g a m e s or a m u s e m e n t s on t knows t h e s t a t e of each of us, w ith scribes who complained and said Sunday provided no commercial t reference to t h e presence of grace in t h e secrecy of t h e i r h e a r t s : " H e element e n t e r s into t h e m , and pro- t within u<\ B u t H e also saw, be- b l a s p h e m e t h . " T h e y t h o u g h t , and vided too t h a t t h o s e w h o t a k e p a r t I fore Him, a soul full of confidence truly, t h a t God alone can forgive in them do not m a k e a nuisance • and desirous of pardon, and one sins, and they could not believe of themselves to t h e i r fellow citi- • who had been d e t e r m i n e d at a n y ! t h a t J e s u s w a s One w i t h His zens. • cost to p a r t a k e in t h e blessing, of heavenly F a t h e r . J e s u s read t h e i r "These commercialized a m u s e - t which J e s u s w a s t h e bestower. ! minds and censured t h e m publicly, ments have a dubious w o r t h on I St. Luke records also t h i s mira- and in order to p i o v e by an outany day of t h e week a n d t h e mov- t cle, and he a d d s t h a t t h e crowd w ard sign t h e efficacy of t h e absoing pictures especially h a v e shown | which surrounded our L o r d was so j lution which H e h a d pronounced. in t h e past, and m a y a g a i n show, I g r e a t , t h a t in o r d e r t o g e t admit- \ H e ordered t h e palsied m a n to a r i s e to . w h a t d e g r a d i n g l e n g t h s t h e y t t a n c e into t h e h o u s e in which H e j and walk, And so h e did at once. will go to p a y t h e p r e p o s t e r o u s t w a s a t t h e t i m e , " t h e y w e n t up F o r g i v e n e s s of Sin dividends and s a l a r i e s which t h e • upon t h e roof, a n d let h i m down government p e r m i t s t h e m in t h e I t h r o u g h t h e tiles, w i t h h i s bed, in- • T h e palsied m a n did w h a t one in a s t a t e of sin m a y i m i t a t e . He way of profits. A s t r o n g acquisi- t t o t h e midst before J e s u s . " Certainly t h i s was a sign of felt his s t a t e , a n d w a s determined tive instinct and i n s a t i a t e greed • make up t h e b a c k g r o u n d of com- I g r e a t confidence, and we can well to m a k e a g r e a t effort to be healed. mercialized a m u s e m e n t . These T imagine how our Divine Lord who H e did not simply p r a y to God, as qualities a r e evil for a people w h e - J always praised and r e w a r d e d a c t s from h i s confidence in our Saviour of f a i t h t o w a r d s Himself, w a s dis- we m a y imagine he would have ther they a r e found in i n d u s t r y or posed not t o send t h e good and done, b u t he w a s resolved to do commerce or finance, a fact of, confiding p a t i e n t a w a y disappoint- s o m e t h i n g else: to h a v e recourse which most of us a r e m u c h m o r e ed. to o u t w a r d m e a n s which he felt J keenly a w a r e to-day t h a n we w e r e Still as St. G r e g o r y t h e G r e a t disposal. H e appealed six or seven y e a r s ago. In t h e talksays, Our Lord teaches u s some- to his friends t o c a r r y him to t h e ing pictures t h e s e h a v e not only t i m e s by words, s o m e t i m e s by facts. Healer, to t h e Consoler. If w-e permitted b u t a c t u a l l y stimulated He wished to t e a c h us h e r e t h a t find t h a t t h e r e is palsy about our a degree of d e g r a d a t i o n t h a t would oftentimes w h e n we a r e petition- soul, let us p r a y t o God also, and have been t h o u g h t impossible if it ing for one favour, a n o t h e r g r e a t e r b e g ' o f Him^as^ t h e P s a l m i s t did had not actually h a p p e n e d . On t h e one and one m o r e profitable is « moral side t h e t a l k i n g pictures a r e g r rled « - t h e r e f o r e H e blesbetter t h a n t h e y w e r e . B u t in t h e I sed t h e soul r a t h e r t h a n t h e body troubled. Let us not matter of t a s t e t h e y still continue of t h e suppliant, and pronounced . is w i t h to be for t h e m o s t p a r t ineffable upon him t h e pardon of his sins. in our reach a m e a n s which we can trash, with j u s t e n o u g h excellent . D e a t h is t h e consequence of sin, adopt a n d - w h i c h can b r i n g a cure pictures to m a k e it a bit dangerand sickness is also a result of it. to us. It has cured o t h e r s , and it ous to generalize. Our Lord r e m o v e d t h a t which de will c u r e us too. "I wish y o u r c a m p a i g n a g r e a t served t h e sickness, as a n introThis m e a n s is t h e S a c r a m e n t of success. You will find t h a t both duction to his bodily cure. Penance. organizing ability a n d m o n e y — a n F i r s t t h e Soul, t h e n t h e Body. abundance of money—will be used And t h e n we shall h a v e t h e conto put the m e a s u r e t h r o u g h . B u t T h i s miracle t e a c h e s us to prize solation of h e a r i n g frorh J e s u s ' I have faith t h a t t h e essential t h e soul before t h e body. Spiri- lips t h e soothing w o r d s : be of good nght-mindedness of m y fellow • tual graces should occupy a first faith, son, t h y sns a r e forgiven citizens of all creeds will assert it• place in o u r p r a y e r s before a n y thee. self at the polls to d e f e a t t h e m e a - t o t h e r objects which we m a y have It m a y cost us a big effort, a sure." (N.C.W.C.) i in mind. T h e n we shall be doing t r e m e n d o u s a m o u n t of will-power I indeed the will of God and an ever- to h a v e recourse to t h e S a c r a m e n t • lasting peace shall soothe our souls, j of Confession, but if t h e palsied BISHOP F R A N C I S R O C H E , S.J., t even if o u r temporal p r a y e r s a r e m a n w a s let down to t h e presence of J e s u s , t h r o u g h t h e tiles of t h e CELEBRATES SILVER I not g r a n t e d . t T h e palsied m a n did not com- roof, w h y should'nt we emulate his JUBILEE. t plam, when he h e a r d t h a t his sin? faith and confidence?

DIOCESE OF MALACCA.

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Twenty F i v e Y e a r s a s a P r i e s t , Tuticorin, India. — T h e Most Rev. Francis T. Roche, S.J., Bishop of Tuticorin, t h e first Indian Bishop of t h e L a t i n r i t e , observed the silver jubilee of h i s ordination on October 2. He was ordained a t Kurseong, Bengal, in 1919, by t h e late A r c h bishop Meuleman, A r c h b i s h o p of Calcutta, and w a s n a m e d Bishop of Tuticorin in 1923. (N.C.W.C.)

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P R I E S T M A D E RADIO OFFICIAL. A m s t e r d a m . — F a t h e r Dito, O.P., of t h e Catholic Radio Association here, has been chosen director of t h e I n t e r n a t i o n a l Catholic Broadc a s t i n g Office, t h e h e a d q u a r t e r s of which have been t r a n s f e r r e d to t h i s city from Duesseldorf, Germ a n y . The bi-monthly p a p e r will also be edited h e r e . (N.C.W.C.)

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W O R K I N G ON S U N D A Y S . The Blessed C u r e d'Ars used t o s a y : " I know t w o s u r e m e t h o d s of g e t t i n g poor; one is to work on Sundays, and t h e o t h e r to defraud one's neighbour. To work on Sunday is to steal from G o d ; and, even in t h i s world, t h e w a g e s earned on t h e Lord's Day w e a r a hole t h r o u g h t h e purse in which t h e y a r e placed."

Calendar for t h e Week. October 13. S u n d a y — 1 8 t h Sunday After Pentecost. Mass and Vespers of t h e S u n d a y . October 14. Monday—St. Callistus, P . a n d M. October 15. Tuesday—St. Teresa, V. October 16. W e d n e s d a y — S t Hedwige, W. October 17. Thursday—St. M a r g a r e t Mary, V. October 18. F r i d a y — S t . L u k e the Evangelist. October 19. S a t u r d a y — S t . P e t e r of A l c a n t a r a , C.

DIOCESE OF MACAO C H U R C H OF ST. J O S E P H . Calendar for t h e Week. October 13. S u n d a y — E i g h t e e n t h Sunday A f t e r Pentecost. Green v e s t m e n t s . Semi-double Proper, of t h e Mass in t h e " Small Missal" p. 224. Second collect of St. E d w a r d king, t h i r d of t h e octave and fourth for t h e Pope p. 60. E v e n i n g Service in Honour of O u r Lady of F a t i m a a t 5; Solemn H i g h Mass in h o n o u r of Our L a d y of F a t i m a a t 8 a.m^ A Medal of O.L. of F a t i m a will be d i s t r i b u t e d to all a t t e n d i n g t h e E v e n i n g Service. October 14. Monday— S t . Calix t u s , Pope and M a r t y r . Double. Ev. Service:—5.30. October 15. T u e s d a y — S t . T h e r e s a , Virgin. Double. E v . S e r v i c e : — 5.30. October 16. W e d n e s d a y — S t . Hedwiges, Widow. Semi-double. Ev. Service:—5.30. October 17. T h u r s d a y — O c t a v e day of St. F r a n c i s of Borgia. G r e a t e r double. Ev. S e r v i c e : — 5.30. October 18. F r i d a y — S t . Luke, E v a n g e l i s t . Double of t h e 2nd cl. Ev. Service:—5.30. October 19. S a t u r d a y — S t . P e t e r of A l c a n t a r a . Double. E v . Service :—5.30. I N C R E A S E ~OF~~CATHOLIC P O P U L A T I O N IN H O L L A N D . U t r e c h t . — T h e H a a r l e m diocesan weekly, St. Bauo, publishes comp a r a t i v e statistics for 1933 and 1934 for t h a t diocese which comprises t h e n o r t h e r n p a r t of Holland. In 1933 t h e r e were 911,557 Catholics of whom 564,000 m a d e t h e i r E a s t e r d u t y ; in 1934 t h e r e were 915,818 w i t h 571,871 r e p o r t e d a s receiving t h e S a c r a m e n t s d u r i n g t h e t i m e prescribed. In 1934, a total of 19,520 children made t h e i r F i r s t Holy C o m m u n i o n ; 146,966 w e r e too y o u n g to receive the Sacraments. Deducting t h i s total from t h e number of Catholics in t h e diocese, we learn t h a t actually 177,455 neglected t h e i r E a s t e r d u t y in t h a t year. T h e m a j o r i t y of these a r e t o be found in t h e large cities of A m s t e r d a m , R o t t e r dam and T h e H a g u e w h e r e t h e Socialists and C o m m u n i s t s a r e numerous, especially a t A m s t e r d a m , and w h e r e mixed m a r r i a g e s a r e more frequent. The n u m b e r of c o n v e r t s in 1934 was 2,026 a s compared w i t h 1,604 in 1933. T h e n u m b e r of C o m m u n i o n s for 1934 w a s 30,173,921, n e a r l y a million m o r e t h a n in 1933, or an a v e r a g e of more t h a n 50 times d u r i n g t h e y e a r for each practicing Catholic. In 1934 t h e Diocese of H a a r l e m had 313 p a r i s h e s w i t h 1,022 priests, and 36 w e r e ordained to t h e priesthood d u r i n g t h e y e a r . (N.C.W.C.)


12

MALAYA

BETRAYAL

CATHOLIC L E A D E R ,

SATURDAY,

12th OCTOBER, 1935.

OF CHRISTIAN

PAGANISING FORCES IN GERMANY THE NATIONS AND THE PAPACY ( B Y .A .S H E G E R T Y , B. A., B R I S B A N E ) N o one can dispassionately v i e w the general situation in Germ a n y to-day without a feeling of genuine s y m p a t h y for the German people. Under constant economic s t r e s s and misery, strange and startling developments have taken place, including the attempted restoration of pagan and anti-Christian ideas.

CIVILISATION

During illness

and convalescenq T

HE

accumulated

century s h o w s

experience

of

over half a

Horlick's t o b e an ideal

diet

during illness and c o n v a l e s c e n c e

Horlick's is m a d e from fresh full-cream cow's milk combined .with t h e nutritive extracts of wheat and

T h e r e v e r s i o n of t h e G e r m a n iHcourse of h i s t o r y if t h e peace p r o malted barley. It contains no starch, and a certain people in l a r g e n u m b e r s t o t h e o u t - ^ p o s a l s of P o p e Benedict X V , issued proportion of its protein is available for direct assimilaon A u g u s t 1, 1917, h a d been adoptw o r n a n d hopeless ideas of p a g a n ism i s t o b e severely c o n d e m n e d . ed. T h e s e w e r e : tion. Its e a s e of d i g e s t i o n and assimilation, and its 1. R i g h t i n s t e a d of force. S u c h r e v e r s i o n is a b e t r a y a l of ready utilization in t h e body have b e e n proved by 2. L e s s e n i n g of a r m a m e n t s . C h r i s t i a n civilisation, a d e s p e r a t e actual physiological experiments. 3. A r b i t r a t i o n . blow s t r u c k a t t h a t life a n d c u l t u r e 4. F r e e d o m of t h e seas. which gave Europe a large degree Horlick's is pleasing t o t h e palate, appetizing, 5. Condonation of d a m a g e s a n d ©f m o r a l u n i t y , a n d a c o m m o n J L refreshing and sustaining. It is easily prepared, and ^ cost of w a r . moral appeal. The G e r m a n rever\ / is especially useful where frequent,small, light,easily 6. E v a c u a t i o n of occupied t e r r i " sion i s , t h e r e f o r e , a n a t t e m p t e d tories. u n d o i n g of h u n d r e d s of y e a r s of V (J d i g e s t e d meals are indicated. Ordinarily, Horlick's 7. F a i r s e t t l e m e n t of t e r r i t o r i a l m o r a l p r o g r e s s a n d effort. And iiri requires mixing with water only; it is, however, an questions. w h a t e v e r o u r opinions o n t h e excellent medium for t h e addition o f milk, cream; This w a s a C h r i s t i a n a n d s t a t e s e a u s e s of t h e w a r of 1914-18, we e g g s or similar articles t o t h e dietary. m u s t v i e w w i t h d i s m a y a n d deep manlike p r o g r a m m e of peaceful s o r r o w t h e p r e s e n c e in G e r m a n y s e t t l e m e n t w i t h h o n o u r t o a l l t h o s e to-day of p a g a n i s i n g forces a n d concerned in t h e w a r . A d o p t e d a n d applied in a spirit of t r u e influences. j desire for_ t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t of a Distress in Germany. I j u s t a n d l a s t i n g peace, t h e propoH o w e v e r m u c h w e m a y deplore sals would h a v e gone f a r t o w a r d s t h e G e r m a n r e v e r s i o n , i t is b u t b r i n g i n g a b o u t a t r u e friendship r i g h t to remember t h a t unparallelInstead, between t h e nations. ed h u m a n d i s t r e s s a n d p o v e r t y h a s G e r m a n y h a s been b e a t e n t o h e r b e e n a s t r o n g force in t h e p r o d u c - knees, a n d now m o r e t h a n ever t i o n of t h e e x i s t i n g s i t u a t i o n . A n d before feels herself alone a n d dest h a t d i s t r e s s h a s been c o n t r i b u t e d p e r a t e . I n t h i s s i t u a t i o n t h e fires to in a s u b s t a n t i a l a m o u n t b y t h e of f u t u r e h a t r e d s , f u t u r e w a r s , " p e a c e " t r e a t i e s . T h e old diplo- f u t u r e r e v e n g e , b u r n w i t h fierce m a t i s t s easily o u t w i t t e d P r e s i d e n t flames. A n d in t h i s s i t u a t i o n Wilson, a n d imposed a " p e a c e " " q u a s i - m e s s i a n i c " m o v e m e n t s a r e upon E u r o p e from w h i c h it h a s born w h i c h m e n a c e not only t h e n e v e r recovered. G e r m a n y h a s peace of t h e world, b u t also suffered f r o m t h i s " p e a c e , " a n d t h r e a t e n t h e f u t u r e of C h r i s t i a n W A R N I N G BY A R C H B I S H O P OF CINCINNATI w a s m a d e t o feel t h e i r o n heel of civilisation itself. a c o n q u e r o r upon h e r neck. A n d Cincinnati.—In a l e t t e r t o his t r a i t o r s t o t h e i r public t r u s t by N o R o a m for P o p e ' s t h e g r e a t distress h a s produced its p r i e s t s a n d people which b e g i n s b y s t r i v i n g t o t u r n o u t agnostics, Representative. e r o p of h o r r o r s , visible t o - d a y in W h e n t h e so-called peace confer- a s k i n g p r a y e r s " f o r all t h e p e r s e - a t h e i s t s , c o m m u n i s t s and dangert h e false Nazi d o c t r i n e s of blood ences w e r e held, t h e r e w a s no room cuted g r o u p s of G e r m a n y , " t h e ous radicals from our schools, coland r a c e . f o r t h e P o p e ' s r e p r e s e n t a t i v e a t Most R e v . J o h n T. McNicholas, O. leges a n d universities, should be " I n r e c e n t y e a r s a succession of t h e conference table. T h e Pope, P . , A r c h b i s h o p of Cincinnati, s a y s r e g a r d e d a s public e n e m i e s . " c a t a s t r o p h i e s h a s o v e r t a k e n Ger- who w a s b o t h a t r u l y i n t e r n a t i o n a l t h a t " t h e exercise of dictatorial " P a r e n t s , " A r c h b i s h o p McNim a n y , " s a y s a w r i t e r u n d e r t h e person a n d a t r u l y spiritual power, p o w e r in a n y S t a t e , lacking t h e p e n - n a m e of G e r m a n u s , in t h e w a s excluded. Y e t t h e P o p e alone g u i d a n c e of religion, and deprived cholas continues, "you h a v e rights J u n e i s s u e of S t u d i e s . " H e r a r m i e s n u m b e r e d s u b j e c t s in every coun- of t h e help of s u p e r n a t u r a l reli- conferred on you by God, through n a t u r e . I t is y o u r sacred d u t y to w e r e d r i v e n f r o m t h e battlefields t r y , a n d on g r o u n d s of o r d i n a r y gion, m u s t r e s u l t in a t y r a n n o u s of t h e W o r l d W a r a f t e r a s t r u g g l e h u m a n p r u d e n c e would h a v e been g o v e r n m e n t w h i c h easily r e v e r t s defend t h e s e r i g h t s . Both Church a n d S t a t e should help you in this w h i c h even h e r o p p o n e n t s a d m i t t o impelled t o seek a j u s t a n d e n d u r - t o p r a c t i c e s of b a r b a r i s m . " defence. Do not accept t h e proh a v e b e e n heroic. T h e old f o r m of i n g peace. Moreover, t h e awful Urging t h a t the dangers "facg o v e r n m e n t w a s o v e r t h r o w n a n d w e i g h t of h i s g r e a t office would i n g u s in o u r own c o u n t r y " be n o t g r a m m e of t h e t o t a l i t a r i a n State a n e w f o r m , faced w i t h a n u n - have placed upon h i m t h e severest overlooked, A r c h b i s h o p McNicho- in so-called public education. You see t h e e x t r e m e s to which it has c e r t a i n f o r b i d d i n g f u t u r e , w a s . s e t moral responsibility of o b t a i n i n g las declares t h a t " t h e t o t a l i t a r i a n been carried in Mexico, Russia and u p . T h e economic c r i s i s a n d t h e peace w i t h j u s t i c e a n d c h a r i t y . S t a t e is h e r e so f a r a s public edu- G e r m a n y . R e m e m b e r t h a t the inflation followed, b r i n g i n g r u i n t o | T h e p r e s e n c e at i n t e r n a t i o n a l cation is concerned." ' T h e S t a t e , u s u r p e r s of t h e r i g h t s of parents millions of t h r i f t y a n d h a r d - w o r k - j conferences on t h e g r e a t world t h r o u g h i t s officials in t h e D e p a r t i n g citizens. A bolshevik revolu- ! q u e s t i o n s of a s p i r i t u a l power m e n t of E d u c a t i o n , school b o a r d s , in education a r e never satisfied. T h e y continue t o encroach upon t i o n b r o k e o u t suddenly in Munich would h a v e a t r e m e n d o u s moral school lobbies, t h r o u g h t e a c h e r s and in t h e R u h r , w h i c h , even w h e n effect. N a t i o n s would be stow to and professors, i n s t r u c t i n g 25,000- y o u r r i g h t s from y e a r to year. s u b d u e d a n d all d a n g e r w a s p a s t , incur c o n d e m n a t i o n by t h e spiritual I 000 children a n d s t u d e n t s , s e e m s E v e r y y e a r t h e r e is a demand for w a s f o r m a n y t h e f o r e s h a d o w i n g power, a n d would find it difficult t o t o t h i n k t h a t t h e r e is no limit to m o r e money and still more money. of evils t o come. Such e x p e r i e n c e s set f o r t h j u s t c a u s e s of dispute t h e l i b e r t y , or r a t h e r t o t h e license, T h e r e is a n insistence t h a t the a r m y of t e a c h e r s shall be increasshook t h e G e r m a n n a t i o n t o i t s w i t h i t s findings. t h a t m a y be t a k e n in f o r m i n g t h e ed from y e a r to year, notwithf o u n d a t i o n s , a n d t h e r e s u l t i n g feelminds of youth," he s a y s . s t a n d i n g t h a t such increases will F e a r of W a r . i n g s of d e s p e r a t i o n w e r e only acHowever, t h e n a t i o n s m a d e t h e i r " P a r e n t s , it a d m i t s , can t a k e care m e a n really no additional advanc e n t u a t e d w h e n it t u r n e d in vain own " p e a c e , " a n d t h e world h a s of t h e bodies of t h e i r children, t a g e to pupils in p r e p a r i n g them t o i t s n e i g h b o u r i n g c o u n t r i e s for a lived u n d e r t h e f e a r of w a r ever supply t h e m w i t h food a n d pro- for life's work, as instructed good helping hand. I n s t e a d of help i since. P e a c e h a s not come t o Ger- vide t h e m w i t h shelter, b u t t h e y and useful citizens. B i r t h control c a m e d e m a n d s for r e p a r a t i o n s , t h e I m a n y , a n d t h e F r e n c h h a v e forti- h a v e no r i g h t s r e g a r d i n g t h e is advocated in practically all occupation of t h e R u h r , a n d o t h e r outside t h e Catholic i fied t h e i r n o r t h e r n b o r d e r . In t h e m e n t a l t r a i n i n g of t h e i r chiMren q u a r t e r s r e m i n d e r s t h a t it w a s , b u t a p a w n Church, which m e a n s t h a t we | m e a n t i m e , a n a n t i - C h r i s t i a n clique | in schools. in t h e g a m e of i n t e r n a t i o n a l poli" T h e s e so-called educators a r e ! m u s t soon a d j u s t our elementary t i c s . T h i s unsettled s t a t e of affairs j is in control of t h e G e r m a n nation, u s u r p e r s of t h e r i g h t s of p a r e n t s . schools t o a diminishing number i is d i s h o n o u r i n g t h e n a m e of Gerr e a c h e d i t s climax w h e n Adolf I T h e y can be classed in v e r y t r u t h of p u p i l s ; y e t t h e cost of education H i t l e r s t e p p e d f o r t h a s t h e leader | m a n y t h r o u g h o u t t h e C h r i s t i a n i a s k i d n a p p e r s of t h e m i n d s of m o u n t s , and provision for extraof a q u a s i - m e s s i a n i c m o v e m e n t . " I world, a n d , by i t s persecution of : children. Those w;ho p r o s t i t u t e v a g a n t school buildings is being C h r i s t i a n s , is daily losing t h e symP e a c e Proposals of Benedict X V . t h e h i g h calling of t e a c h e r s and p a t h y of t h o u s a n d s in o t h e r lands. One c a n n o t help t h i n k i n g h o w (N.C.W.C.) professors a n d a r e in reality a d v o c a t e d . " — ( T h e Catholic Leader, B r i s b a n e ) . different would h a v e been t h e v

TOTAL ITARIANISM IN EDUCATION


q

13

1 Our Short Story I &

m

THE

LO ST (By

M.

T.

The p a s s e n g e r s h a d t a k e n t h e i r seats in t h e half-six t r a i n t o L a w ton. The last c a r r i a g e door h a d been slammed, a n d t h e engine had emitted an ear-piercing whistle as signal of d e p a r t u r e , w h e n a portly g e n t l e m a n n frock coa*t and tall hat r u s h e d i n t o t h e station towards t h e o u t g o i n g e x p r e s s . Several p o r t e r s r a n t o his a s s ' s tance, hurriedly b u n d l i n g h i m into a third-class c a r r i a g e , yet w a i t i n g to salute him deferentially a s t h e train moved out of t h e station. Richard Russell w a s one of t h e Directors of t h e G r e a t W e s t e r n line, and t h o r o u g h l y well known to the lailway officials of B u r t o n , where his palatial residence towered over t h e n e i g h b o u r i n g slope, and from which s t a t i o n he, each morning, took t h e t r a i n to t h e city. But it w a s q u i t e u n u s u a l for t h e wealthy m a g n a t e t o be lacking in punctuality; h e invariably a r r i v e d a precise t h r e e m i n u t e s before his train, looking t h e personification of self-contented i m p o r t a n c e , as some official of t h e line t h r e w open a first-class c a r r i a g e for his e n t r y . Yes, it w a s a new experience for Richard Russell t o find himself thrust h e a d f o r e m o s t into a t h i r d class c a r r i a g e . H e felt h i s dignity w a s distinctly impaired, a s h e flopped down on a d i n g y seat, t a k ing off h i s silk h a t to m o p h i s heated brow. " D e a r me," he mused, " how t i r e s o m e to h a v e to race after such a fashion t o catch a train," and h e glanced a r o u n d furtively to see w hat fellow-travellers h a d w i t n e s s e d his undignified entry. The carriage was empty save for a slim, pale-faced young girl, engrossed in a book and carrying an a t t a c h e case b e a r i n g the initials M. McD. " Some business girl on h e r w a y t o h e r office," mused Richard Russell, a n d his thoughts flew back t o t h e days when he, too, r e p a i r e d daily t o a desk in a city office. I t semed to him t h a t c e n t u r i e s had passed since he, a smooth-faced, d a r k haired c o u n t r y boy, h a d t a k e n his seat in a Dublin counting-h^use. He smiled as h e r e m e m b e r e d his eager youth, his simple faith, his loyalty, his d i s i n t e r e s t e d n e s s , his spirituality, and h i s love of t r u t h He was a y o u t h a poet m i g h t have sung of in those d a y s . B u t y e a r s ago he h a d s h a k e n t h e d u s t of Dublin off his feet, a n d forgotten religion, c o u n t r y , friends, everything he prized m o s t , in his r u s h for wealth. E v e r y t h i n g h a d been sacrificed to t h e lust of gold, even Ms gentle little s i s t e r , t h e companion of his y o u t h , of w h o s e whereabouts h e h a d n o t h a d t h e faintest notion for m a n y a long year. He had left h e r l e t t e r s unanswered, and f o r g o t t e n h e r very existence, whilst s h e toiled a s a n underpaid t y p i s t in a n Irish country town. ;i

T

"Poor Moira! S h e w a s a s t r u e * steel. One of those w h i t e souied saints of E r i n , " he m u s e d ne contrasted h e r w i t h t h e wojfian he had m a r r i e d — v a i n , worldly* ambitious, w i t h a n all-abcorbj»S love of self. Sylvia would absolutely disdained t o asso. ciate with gentle, unassuming 'rttle Moira. u t Sylvia w a s dead row. God a

v e

B

FOR

PERFECT SNAPSHOTS

ROSARY McKENNA.)

h a d called h e r in t h e midst of h e r pleasures a n d gaieties, a n d Richard Russell w as a widower with t w o school-boy sons, and t w o very exa c t i n g youthful d a u g h t e r s . His | children w e r e only nominally Catholics. T h e i r m o t h e r had b r o u g h t I t h e m up a f t e r h e r own h e a r t , to scoff a t all religions, and seek t h e i r happiness in t h e t h i n g s of t h i s world. Yes, R i c h a r d Russell's h o m e was a n y t h i n g b u t a bed of roses, and w ell h e knew, a s t h e Obtainable from d a y s went by, t h a t his children would become m o r e t r y i n g , m o r e exacting, for t h e y were all shallow of soul, e m p t y of h e a r t , ^ach seeking t h e a c m e of self-gratification. In t h e m i d s t of his reverie t h e j t r a i n slowed up, and his fellow- j passenger, t a k i n g h e r a t t a c h e case j a n d raincoat in hand, h u r r i e d from * T h e n one m o r n i n g a s he w aited t h a t , for m o t h e r t r e a s i r e d it so t h e carriage. S o m e t h i n g in t h e m u c h . She had it from t h e t i m e g i r l ' s bearing, in h e r quiet, self- for t h e t r a i n to L a w t o n , t h e tall, s h e w a s a little g i r l . " possessed air, caused t h e m a n to slim girl c a r r y i n g a n a t t a c h e case "You come from Dublin?" follow h e r w i t h h i s eyes u n t i . s h e w i t h t h e initials M. McD., passed R i c h a r d ventured. left t h e s t a t i o n . "If I a m not v e r y close to him. H e recognised h e r i m m e d i a t e l y ; s h e w a s aU fellow" Y e s ; m o t h e r w e n t t o live t h e r e m u c h m i s t a k e n , t h a t is an I i s h t r a v e l l e r of some weeks p a s t t h e w h e n d a d d y died." g i r l , " he decided, " and it is " I c a m e from Dublin long y e a r s s t r a n g e , s h e r e m i n d s m e of some- girl w h o had lost h e r r o s a r y . Half a g o , " R i c h a r d said dreamily, " a n d one I once knew, y e t I c a n ' t tell reluctantly, h e followed h e r into t h e third-class c a r r i a g e , t a k i n g a I a m s o r r y I ever left it, n o w . " who." s e a t close to h e r . " You a r e Irish, t h e n ?" v e n t u r e d The express was again steaming " E x c u s e m e , " h e said a s h e t h e girl. a h e a d a t full speed, w h e n a m o t h e r d r e w o u t t h e r o s a r y , " I t h i n k you " Y e s , " Richard a n s w e r e d . " M y of-pearl r o s a r y in t h e corner w h e r e lost t h i s about t h r e e w e e k s a g o . " n a m e is Russell." t h e girl h a d been s i t t i n g c a u g h t T h e girl's beautiful g r e y eyes " My m o t h e r ' s n a m e w a s Rush i s eye. " A h , s h e lost h e r b e a d s , " dilated with p l e a s u r e a s she c a u g h t sell, too," t h e girl a n s w e r e d lightly. h e said a s h e picked it u p a l m o s t s i g h t of t h e b e a d s . " O h ! m y lost " Moira Russell," s u g g e s t e d t h e r e v e r e n t l y . " Moira h a d j u s t such r o s a r y , " she cried impulsively. m a n in t e n s e tones. a r o s a r y w h e n s h e w a s a little girl " W h e r e did you find i t ? " "Yes, Moira Russell," t h e girl a n d we knelt a t May d e v o t i o n s ; I R i c h a r d Russell s t a r t e d . The r e t u r n e d w i t h a slightly mystified often w a t c h e d h e r p r a y i n g on i t . " voice, t h e accent, reminded him air. " She had a b r o t h e r , Richard, W i t h lingering touch h e placed t h e so forcibly of M o i r a ; w h y , t h e girl w h o w a s n ' t fit to unlatch h e r shoe, r o s a r y in h i s w a i s t c o a t pocket. h a d Moira's v e r y smile a n d gentle, a n d who w e n t to seek his f o r t u n e , H o w long a g o it seemed since h e wistful glance. " You dropped f o r g e t t i n g h e r a n d leaving h e r t o h a d carried a r o s a r y — t o o m a n y y o u r rosary in t h e railway c a r r i a g e fight h e r own b a t t l e w i t h t h e world y e a r s to c o u n t ; nevertheless h e w h e n you travelled w i t h m e , over This b r o t h e r , Richard, s h e used t o felt a s t r a n g e glow of happiness t h r e e weeks a g o , " he said. p r a y for, night and m o r n i n g , a n d come over h i m a s he slipped t h e S h e glanced u p a t him. " O h , offer up t h e Rosary for h i m ; a n d b e a d s into h i s pocket. I m u s t j yes, I r e m e m b e r n o w : you a r e t h e w h e n I w a s a child, I w a s t a u g h t look up t h a t girl and r e t u r n h e r g e n t l e m a n w h o r u s h e d into t h e always to include Uncle R i c h a r d b e a d s , " he told himself as he a r r i v - s t a t i o n j u s t a s t h e t r a i n v/as leavin m y p r a y e r s . " ed a t L a w t o n Station. " I am 'sure j ing. I recollect it all q u i t e disT h e r e w a s a m o i s t u r e in t h e s h e will be upset over losing i t . " j tinctly." m a n ' s h a r d , grey eyes. " I t h i n k " Y e s , " he said, I t h i n k I m u s t L a t e t h a t n i g h t , in t h e privacy ' . . . I t h i n k , " h e said softly, " I of his own room, h e took t h e h a v e presented a r a t h e r ludicrous a m your uncle." The girl s t a r t e d violently. " I t r o s a r y from his pocket and finger- spectacle, b u t I don't r e g r e t m y lack of punctuality, since I h a v e c a n ' t be," she said half u n d e r h e r ed it caressingly. He w a s a m u c h breath. h a p p i e r m a n when h e lived in been t h e means of r e s t o r i n g you God's friendship and sought your rosary." "If you will oblige m e w i t h y o u r " A n d I am s u r e I can't s a y howM a r y ' s help and blessing. Almost m o t h e r ' s address, Pll quickly m a k e involuntarily t h e r e rose to h i s lips pleased I a m you w e r e late for t h e c e r t a i n , " h e r e t u r n e d quietly. t h e Hail Mary h e had repeated so t r a i n , since you h a v e been t h e And so h e did. T h a t evening often as a boy, and in spirit t h e m e a n s of recovering m y rosary. t h e B u r t o n m a g n a t e took his deI h a v e been p r a y i n g so earnestly h a r d , h a r s h , calculating m a n of p a r t u r e for Ireland, c a r y i n g a little t h e world w a s back a g a i n in his t h a t some good angel m i g h t find mother-of-pearl beads in h i s pocchildhood y e a r s , kneeling a t his it for m e . " ket. His h e a r t s m o t e h i m w h e n " I s it a s precious a s all t h a t ? " m o t h e r ' s side, a s she repeated t h e h e entered the little room which R o s a r y . All his wealth and world- R i c h a r d Russell queried smilingly. w a s his sister's h o m e . E v e r y " Y e s , " t h e girl r e t u r n e d quickly. ly success had b r o u g h t b u t c a r e t h i n g in it, despite its n e a t n e s s , " My m o t h e r g a v e it to m e when a n d unhappiness in t h e i r t r a i n . bespoke a m e a g r e income. " D e a r W e r e God t o call him, how would I w a s leaving Dublin, a n d I t h i n k m e , d e a r m e , " he m u r m u r e d , " s h e h e account for his m i s s p e n t life I would prefer to p a r t w i t h a n y of w i t h so little, and I w i t h so m u c h . " and t h e children he h a d b r o u g h t m y possessions r a t h e r t h a n w i t h (Continued on page 15) u p w i t h o u t f e a r or love of God? Still clasping t h e little mother-of1 Your Birth-right Is Health—Prove It By | SIDDHA SATWA MAKARADHWAJA.—The Panacea For All Diseases, pearl beads, h e knelt and p r a y e d c The King of Tonics to build up Nerve, Brain, Body and a sure remedy for w i t h all t h e fervour of his h e a r t , | Nervous Debility, Asthma, Loss of Vitality, Impurity and Poverty of Blood. p r a y e d t h a t M a r y , Queen of t h e § All Fevers, Rheumatism, Consumption, Diabetes, etc. 5 Price—1 Phial of 60 pills for 30 days $5.00. R o s a r y , m i g h t assist him in undo| Retain the Charm of Youth By Taking ing t h e w r o n g s he h a d w r o u g h t , ABALA—RAKSHA. The Best Uterine and Haematinic Tonic. a n d obtain for him s t r e n g t h t o be5 This wonderful specific is highly efficacious in all cases of Menstrual gin life a n e w . D u r i n g t h e t h r e e 1 Disorders, Profuse and Painful Menstruation, Spasmodic pain in Uterus, 1 Ovarine Organs, Abdomen and Loins, Uterine Haemorrhage, Constant w e e k s t h a t followed he knelt each g Abortion and Miscarriage. night, r o s a r y in hand, beseeching 1 Price 1 Phial of 40 pills for 20 days $3.50. aid of t h e R e f u g e of Sinners, conAYURVEDA SIDDHA OUSHADHA SALA, fident she w ould h e a r k e n to h i m in 171-A, Selegie Road, SINGAPORE. h i s hour of need. r

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NATIONAL CONGRESS OF ITALIAN MISSIONARY UNION OF CLERGY.

PROTEST AGAINST RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION.

EXTREMELY SUCCESSFUL MEETING.

E N G L I S H P R E L A T E S SIGN PETITION.

R o m e . — T h e 13th a n n u a l mission s u d y week of t h e Missionary U n i o n of t h e C l e r g y in Italy, w h i c h w a s held a t B a r i from S e p t e m b e r 1 6 t h to 20th w a s t h e most sucesful in t h e h i s t o r y of t h e o r g a n i s a t i o n . I t h a d b e e n expected t h a t a b o u t 300 p r i e s t s would a t t e n d . W h e n t h e m e e t i n g s opened t w i c e t h i s n u m b e r w e r e p r e s e n t and i t w a s found n e c e s s a r y t o c h a n g e t h e m e e t i n g place in o r d e r t o accomod a t e t h e l a r g e c r o w d s . I t is e s t i m a t e d t h a t b e t w e e n 60 a n d 70 t h o u s a n d people took p a r t in t h e solemn Eucharistic procession w h i c h closed t h e Congress. T h e series of conferences w a s opened by a n a d d r e s s of welcome to t h e congressists by His Excellency Wons. M i m m i , A r c h b i s h o p of B a r i , who took a s his s u b j e c t t h e d u t y of t h e M i s s i o n a r y Union of t h e Clergy t o c u l t i v a t e in t h e p-sople a s e n s e of t h e Catholicity of t h e Church. A select g r o u p of s p e a k e r s t r e a t e d t h e v a r i o u s relig i o n s of t h e world d u r i n g the m e e t i n g s . V e r y R e v . Mons. B e r n a r d i n o Caselli, Editor-in-Chief of F i d e s Servce, g a v e t w o lectures on t h e religions of t h e p a g a n world. Prof. Ricciotti, of t h e Royal U n i v e r s i t y of R o m e , spoke on t h e Hebrew and Orthodox Christian treated w o r l d ; Prof. Gabrielli Islamism a n d t h e m e t h o d s to b e adopted for t h e conversion of t h e followers of M o h a m m e d ; Prof. Giordani s p o k e on t h e s p r e a d of Protestantism throughout the w o r l d ; Mons. B o r g h i n o , t h e r e l a t i o n s b e t w e e n Catholic Action a n d Missionary Action. Mons. Vezzulli spoke of t h e U n i v e r s a l M o t h e r h o o d of t h e C h u r c h , while t h e missiona r y organization of t h e C h u r c h w a s outlined b y t w o competent s p e a k ers, Mons. B a r t o o c e t t i , former M i n u t a n t e of t h e Sacred C o n g r e g a tion of P r o p a g a n d a Fide, and M o n s . Z a n e t t i , N a t i o n a l Director of t h e F a i t h in I t a l y . A series of s e r m o n s w a s g i v e n t o t h e l a i t y in t h e C a t h e d r a l of . B a r i and included t h e following s u b j e c t s , t h e d u t i e s of Catholics t o w a r d t h e Missions, O u r Blessed M o t h e r a n d t h e Missions, and t h e Missionary and t h e Eucharist. A complete record of t h e C o n g r e s s and t h e full t e x t of t h e conferences is t o b e published by t h e Missionary U n i o n . (Fides)

London.—Twelve m e m b e r s of t h e H i e r a r c h y in E n g l a n d , Scotl a n d a n d Wales signed " A n Appeal t o t h e N a t i o n s " issued t h i s week b y t h e C h r i s t i a n P r o t e s t Movem e n t a g a i n s t racial and religious p e r s e c u t i o n . T h e appeal r e a d s : ' ' T h e C h r i s t i a n P r o t e s t Movem e n t (non-political a n d non-sect a r i a n ) m a k e s a s t r o n g appeal to all g o v e r n m e n t s w i t h i n t h e comity of n a t i o n s , w h e t h e r inside or outside t h e L e a g u e of N a t i o n s , to g r a n t t h e fullest m e a s u r e of racial a n d religious freedom to all subjects. " T h e p r e s e n t u n r e s t in t h e world c a n only b e effectively dealt w i t h by t h e application of Chris t i a n principles, a n d n o t h i n g would do m o r e for t h e cause of i n t e r n a tional a m i t y a n d goodwill t h a n a declaration b y all t h e Powers, t h r o u g h t h e i r accredited A m b a s s a d o r s , of t h e i r r e a d i n e s s t o r e s pond t o t h i s a p p e a l . " L e a d e r s of n u m e r o u s religious bodies endorse t h e appeal. T h e Catholic s i g n a t o r i e s a r e t h e A r c h b i s h o p s of W e s t m i n s t e r , B i r m i n g h a m a n d Cardiff, a n d t h e Bishops of Aberdeen, B r e n t w o o d , Dunkeld, Galloway, L e e d s , Northampton, N o t t i n g h a m , Salford a n d S h r e w s bury. (N.C.W.C.)

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PLANS TO A V E R T ANTIC H U R C H RIOTS. E n g l i s h T o w n on t h e A l e r t . London. — T a k i n g a w a r n i n g from anti-Catholic clashes in o t h e r cities, a c o m m i t t e e of t h e N o t t i n g h a m city council h a s d r a w n u p r e gulations designed t o p r e v e n t p r o vocative conduct. If t h e council accepts t h e n e w by-laws, i t will be a n offense t o loiter n e a r a c h u r c h t o t h e a n n o y ance or o b s t r u c t i o n of p e r s o n s g o i n g to, a t t e n d i n g , or r e t u r n i n g from a service t h e r e . Penalties a r e provided a g a i n s t persons w h o use a n y t h r e a t e n i n g , abusive o r i n s u l t i n g l a n g u a g e in t h e h e a r i n g of a n y o n e in a public street. A n o t h e r by-law would forbid a n y o n e t o p l a y o r sound a n y m u s i * cal i n s t r u m e n t o r s i n g in a public place w i t h i n 100 y a r d s of a c h u r c h w h e r e a service is in p r o g r e s s if a n y a n n o y a n c e is caused t o t h o s e in the church. (N.C.W.C.)

CONTEMPLATIVE LIFE MISSION LANDS. RAPID INCREASE

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MARKED.

R o m e . — T h e list of foundations of s t r i c t l y cloistered religious comm u n i t i e s in mission lands is constantly lengthening. At present t h e r e a r e 128 r e q u e s t s from m i s sion O r d i n a r i e s for t h e foundation of cloistered c o n v e n t s in t h e i r territories. T h e s e r e q u e s t s come from wide s c a t t e r e d sectors of t h e mission field; f r o m Bengal, N a g p u r a n d Mysore, f r o m K e n y a Colony a n d t h e I n d i a n Ocean Islands, from B o r n e o in t h e E a s t Indies and from D u t c h G u i a n a in S o u t h America. In places w h e r e foundations h a v e a l r e a d y been m a d e new convents a r e being established. On t h e Island of Ceylon, t h e R o s a r i a n s of Ceylon, a n a t i v e c o m m u n i t y leading a s t r i c t l y cloistered life based on t h a t of t h e T r a p p i s t s , recently s t a r t e d a second foundation in t h e h e a r t of t h e j u n g l e a t Madhu. T h e T r a p p i s t s of H a k o d a t e , J a p a n , r e cently began a new m o n a s t e r y in s o u t h e r n J a p a n while t h e T r a p p i s t i n e s of t h e M o n a s t e r y of O u r L a d y of t h e A n g e l s , Y u n o g a w a . h a v e opened a second c o m m u n i t y a t Osaka. T h e Benedictines h a v e well established m o n a s t e r i e s in China, S o u t h A m e r i c a , Africa a n d Australia. Carmelite monasteries w e r e begun r e c e n t l y in P a p u a a n d t h e Belgian Congo, while t w o new m o n a s t e r i e s will be opened soon in Ceylon. I t is i n t e r e s t i n g t o note t h a t t h e closed land of Tibet is being a p proached from t w o different p o i n t s by m o n k s from Switzerland. On t h e Chinese b o r d e r s , t h e Canons from t h e G r a n d Saint B e r n a r d M o n a s t e r y h a v e secured p e r m i s sion t o erect a hospice for travellers in one of t h e mountain passes. On t h e Indian frontier of t h e s a m e c o u n t r y pioneers from t h e Abbey of S t . Maurice of A g a u n e a r e p r e p a r i n g to found a similar hospice. (Fides)

TORCHLIGHT PROCESSION AT LOURDES. NOTED JEWISH WRITER IMPRESSED. (By George B a r n a r d . ) London.—Louis Golding, celeb r a t e d Jewish a u t h o r , h a d been visting Lourdes. H e h a s come back g r e a t l y impressed. In t h e Universe, Catholic newsp a p e r here, h e a d m i t s t h a t h i s first impression w a s disappointing. "In t h a t s t r o n g afternoon l i g h t , " he says, " L o u r d e s seemed n o t a place for spiritual pilgrimage so m u c h as a m a r k e t for symbols of religion. T h e whole place w a s one v a s t c a r a v a n s e r a i of stalls w i t h little s t a t u e s , r o s a r i e s , medals, garish postcards; more statues, more rosaries." Disappointment remained during t h e evening devotions, w h e n t h e basilica w a s illuminated. T h e only c o m m e n t h e could m a k e w a s : " Y e s how a d m i r a b l y stage-managed!" B u t t h e t o r c h l i g h t procession a t n i g h t opened his eyes and revealed t o h i m t h e m y s t e r y of L o u r d e s , a s h e sees it. " E a c h of t h e 20,000 pilgrims t h a t n i g h t . . . held in h i s h a n d a blue-and-white candle, shielded by a s o r t of p a p e r l a n t e r n . All s a n g in one endless r e f r a i n t h e t w o sole w o r d s of 'Ave, M a r i a . . . Ave, M a r i a / till t h e y seemed t o become n o t t h e voice of a n a n i m a t e m u l t i t u d e b u t t h e voice of r i v e r and trees . . . "Then, l i s t e n i n g closer, you h e a r d deeper. T h i s w a s no voice of cold, r i v e r a n d d e a d t r e e s . T h i s w a s t h e voice of m e n a n d women cracked w i t h h e a r t b r e a k , little seamasters, grocers, carpenters, tinkers. T h e y ceased t o h a v e creed a n d r a c e ; you also, f r o m w h a t e v e r land o r people you h a d w a n d e r e d here, were a pilgrim at the shrine of M y s t e r y , for t h e r e all m e n a r e one m a n . You bowed y o u r h e a d . " (N.C.W.C.) PROGRAMME OF CONFRATERN I T Y OF C H R I S T I A N DOCTRINE. W a s h i n g t o n — I n accordance w i t h a u t h o r i z a t i o n given a t t h e a n n u a l m e e t i n g of t h e Bishops, l a s \ fall, a national c e n t r e of t h e Confratern i t y of C h r i s t i a n Doctrine h a s been established a t t h e h e a d q u a r t e r s of t h e N a t i o n a l Catholic Welfare Conference in W a s h i n g t o n , j D.C., w i t h Miss M a r i a n M a r k s a s J secretary. T h e p r o g r a m m e contemplated by t h e Bishops' c o m m i t t e e contem- j plates four m a j o r activities, a s follows: (1) Religious i n s t r u c t i o n I for Catholic children in public eleJ m e n t a r y schools—either t h r o u g h I t h e Vacation Schools or by m e a n s of y e a r r o u n d i n s t r u c t i o n ; (2) I n s t r u c t i o n for Catholic s t u d e n t s in public h i g h schools by m e a n s of religious s t u d y clubs or o t h e r approved m e t h o d s ; (3) Religious s t u d y clubs for a d u l t s ; (4) The enlisting of p a r e n t s to teach religion to t h e i r children s y s t e m a t i c ally in t h e i r h o m e s . (Lumen— The Lamp). BISHOP BAPTIZES HIS CHAUFF E U R ' S 7TH C H I L D . P a r i s . — T h e Most Rev. P i e r r e Gerlier, Bishop of T a r b e s et Lour; des, in h i s p r i v a t e chapel, officiated a t t h e b a p t i s m of t h e seventh child of his chauffeur, Claudius | A n t o n i u s . He also stood as godfather. M. Antonius, t h e f a t h e r , w a s t h e e i g h t e e n t h child of his p a r e n t s . (N.C.W.C.)

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A W o m a n ' s Message F r o m Manitoba. I wish from my heart/' writes Mrs. Louie Mitchell, of Oak Point, Manitoba, "I could persuade every person who is run-down to give Dr. Williams' Pink Pills a trial. About a year ago I was suffering from a run-down system. Any little exertion would cause my legs to tremble and my heart to throb violently. I could not do a little housework or walk fifty feet without being exhausted. "Then I began Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, and after taking only six boxes [ I am now as well and strong as ever." For climatic reasons Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are sold throughout the Far East in hermetically sealed glass bottles. Of chemists everywhere. ia

BAVARIANS CROSS FRONTIER TO ATTNED MASS. P r a g u e , A u g . 26.—It is reported f r o m t h e Czechoslovak-Bavarian b o u n d a r i e s t h a t t h e G e r m a n front i e r g u a r d s h a v e been strengthened a n d t h e i r vigilance increased in view of t h e fact t h a t m a n y Bavar i a n Catholics crossed t h e Czechoslovak b o u n d a r i e s on Sundays and Holy D a y s to a t t e n d undisturbed t h e religious services. T h i s practice, it is reported, has been stopped by t h e German author i t i e s w h o h a v e forbade Bavarian Catholics to a t t e n d religious services in t h e neighbouring State. (N.C.W.C. FRANCISCAN FATHERS MOROCCO.

IN

Book E m b o d i e s Their Work. R a b a t , Morocco.—In t h e i r new book, L a Vie Catholique au Maroe, t h e F r i a r s M i n o r p r e s e n t an intere s t i n g p i c t u r e of t h e i r work in the V i c a r i a t e Apostolic of Morocco. It is really a n a l b u m for most of the s t o r y is told b y p i c t u r e s and statistics. In his introduction, t h e Rev. S y l v e s t r e C h a u l e u r , O.F.M., gives a s k e t c h of t h e work of t h e Franciscans in Morocco since 1220, when St. F r a n c i s of Assisi decided to u n d e r t a k e a g r e a t campaign of m e r c y a m o n g t h e Saracens. According t o s t a t i s t i c s furnished b y t h e V i c a r i a t e Apostolic of R a b a t , t h e r e a r e 87 priests in Morocco, 64 of w h o m a r e Franciscans. T h e clergy a r e assisted in their w o r k by 19 F r a n c i s c a n Brothers, 25 C h r i s t i a n B r o t h e r s and 261 S i s t e r s m e m b e r s of various teachi n g or n u r s i n g Congregations. In 1S08 t h e r e w e r e only five churches in Morocco. Today t h e r e are 158 places of w o r s h i p , e i t h e r completed, u n d e r construction or temporary. T h e five schools have increased to 30 and a r e attended by 3,064 pupils. In 1908 t h e r e w a s no hospital of a n y s o r t established in Morocco. Today t h e r e a r e t h r e e hospitals, six n u r s e r i e s , five orphanages, and a n u m b e r of clinics, dispensaries and social c e n t r e s , for t h e care of E u r o p e a n s . T h e r e are 41 of these i n s t i t u t i o n s , including two matern i t y h o m e s a n d a leper colony, for t h e c a r e of Moroccans. In the last y e a r one hospital has cared for 11.148 p a t i e n t s . Morocco also h a s its Catholic Action association, organized into four g r o u p s for men, women, young men and y o u n g women, and various c o m m i t t e e s which promote s t u d y clubs, motion picture halls, and labour conferences. Morocco also has its Catholic P r e s s . Maroc Catholique is tne official diocesan publication.


15

DEMOCRACY OR (Continued

DICTATORSHIP

from page 1)

we call d i c t a t o r s h i p , w a s derived primarily from reaction a g a i n s t t h e idea of democracy, b u t r a t h e r against t h e constitutional a r r a n g e ments which were designed d u r i n g the post-war period. Dictatorship seduces m a n y m i n d s . It is a p p a r e n t l y so simple. Disorder r a g e s in a c o u n t r y , p a r t i e s are quarrelling, anti-social doctrines t h r e a t e n t h e nation, communism is s p r e a d i n g ; it d i s t u r b s t h e community, p a r a l y s e s b u s i n e s s ; t h e regular public powers seem inefficient; c a t a s t r o p h e is coming. A man, a g r o u p a p p e a r s , adventurers who have n o t h i n g t o lose a n d everything to gain. S p r i n g i n g out of the popular classes, t h e y b r i n g with t h e m m a n y of t h e i r associates, and boldness multiplies their strength. A national doctrine is devised which promises t h e g r e a t ness of t h e c o u n t r y , universal happiness t h r o u g h common obedience t o an a u t h o r i t y which m a y ask for sacrifices b u t will pledge contentment to all. Naturally, youth which suffers m o r e p a r t i c u - I larly from t h e crisis, is enlisted. I | WHY SUCCESSFUL. Youth needs hopes, unlimited j ideals, e n t h u s i a s m . It is d a r i n g , i aggressive. It supplies t h e r e g i - j| mcnts of t h e n e w p a r t y , p r e p a r e d j| to fight if necessary. T h e first Ii success being achieved, t h e sono- jj

FIRST CATHOLIC ACTION (Continued

from page 6)

doctrines of

CONGRESS the

Catholic Church.

To

such confiscation of m i n d s , of SOLEMN PONTIFICAL MASS AT the accompaniment of prayers and TUNGKADOO. those of y o u t h specially by t h e hymns, the long files passed solemnly S t a t s , a u n i t y which is t h e product A formal closing session from 10 from St. Ignatius Church along the oi subserviency, a n a t i o n a l i s m o'clock till naon on the last day arid an . gaily draped and decorated road to the and back again, the entire which m a k e s S t a t e selfishness a impressive Eucharistic procession in Seminary ceremony lasting about one hour and a which approximately 3,000 persons sacred principle? half. Following the cross came small marched in the evening featured the If we believe t h a t t h e S t a t e is eighth and final day of the First Na- girls and boys wearing the insignia of the Eucharistic crusade. About 1,000 made for m e n and not m e n for t h e tional Catholic Action Congress. in number, they were divided into, at At 5.30 Sunday morning as was usual State, if we claim t h e s u p e r i o r i t y least 25 groups, each wearing the throughout the week, the delegates of t h e h u m a n , if we claim for God assisted at Mass and received Holy Com- uniform of the school it represented. and for t h e Church t h e leadership munion. At 8 o'clock they attended, in From five to six hundred uniformed of t h e souls, can we applaud a a body the Solemn Pontifical Mass sung | students from academies and middle system which is t h e s t r a i g h t nega- by Bishop Liu, Vicar Ap. of Fenyang, ; schools came next, and were foPowed Shansi, at St. Xavier's Church. Tung- i by about 50 Marist Brothers. Close to tion of all our principles? More- kadoo, in presence of all but a few of ; 100 seminarists and about 150 priests, over, can dictatorship be a stable, the 25 prelates taking part, in the Con- all garbed in black cassock with white I surplice, came next, After them appearsafe and reliable r e g i m e when it gress. The auditorium of St. Joseph's ; ed the long line of purple-robed prelates, r e s t s on t h e fortune a n d t h e life of flanked by seminarists. Numbers of or.e m a n which is a l w a y s subject Hospice, Nantao, was filled at 10.00 j; you^g acolytes dressed in fori ght red o'clock with delegates and an expectant to contingencies and r i s k s ? throng of visitors. On thz platiorm, | cassocks bore, some of them thuribles WHAT WE N E E D . and incense, others baskets of flower ablaze with light, were ranged the Political freedom g u a r a n t e e s t h e Bishops and Prefects Apostolic in festive petals and fragrant herbs which they strewed in the path of the Blessed respect of minorities as^ well as t h e regalia. To the right of Archbishop Sacrament, which followed immediately Zanin sat H. E. Mr. H. H. Kung, control by majority. * I t gives Minister .of Finance; to his lef; Mr after, carried aloft by the Papal Deleminorities t h e r i g h t t o dissent Pang Hsue-pai, of the Executive Yuan, gate, Archbishop Zanin. from t h e doctrines of t h e p r e s e n t representing H. E. Mr. Lin Sen, Beside The National Officers of Catholic rulers, t o t r y to p r o p a g a t e t h e i r Mr. P'ang was Mayor Wu Te-chen of Action and eminent Shanghai Catholics own views and to become t h e Shanghai. Mr. Lo Pa-hong, National were grouped about the Delegate, some majority if t h e y can p e r s u a d e a I President of Catholic Action, and Mr. of them helping to bear the canopy. Next in line came the Congress DeleLo Teh-chai, National Vice-President, sufficient n u m b e r of citizens. If i appeared in their uniforms and decora- gates and members of the various we believe in political freedom, w e i tions as Commander and Knight, res- Catholic Action Associations of Shangmust a s s e r t it, we m u s t be careful pectively, of the Order of St. Silvester. hai, in all about 200 men and 150 women. Various Orders of nuns, e^.ch in its Letter to Pope with r e g a r d to t h e t r e n d of t h e characteristic garb, and totaling approThe session opened with the reading present-day legislation w h i c h seems of a letter for Pope Pius XI in which the ximately 200 individuals, appeared in to give u p i t s c h a r a c t e r of protect- j Congress detailed the ground covered their wake, in the following order: iv.g t h e individual, and t o a s s i g n t o | in its deliberations and the results Meres Auxiliatrices, Francican Mist h e S t a t e a p a r t w h i c h h a s no j secured. The letter will be published sionaries of Mary, Little Sisters of the Poor, Loretto Sisters, Daughters of longer a n y t h i n g in c o m m o n w i t h I in the near future. Charity, and Nuns of the Presentation. The official chairman of the Congress, the conception of individual liberty, j rous speeches, t h e fighting t o n e Several hundreds of men and women H. E. Archbishop Zanin, gave an We w a n t a civilisation which I address in Latin which was at once brought up the rear. create t h e legend of a providential | the supremacy of I translated by Dr. Yu Pin. Along the route numbers of police, saviour. A n d t h e c o u n t r y gives Ij g u a r a n t e e s assisted by boy scouts, preserved order. I h u m a n person over a n y o t h e r value Mr. P'ang Hsue-pai next read a letter way. T h e opposing voices become j At a richly decorated altar erected at from H. E. Lin Sen. silent, t h e m o r e so because t h e y !I or a n y necessity. W e w a n t a the entrance to the Seminary a pause H. E. Mr. H. H. Kung addressed the i society which respects a n d p r o t e c t s are forcibly closed a n d t h e miracle j was made as Benediction was given. Congress, speaking for approximately of national u n i t y is realised. ! t h e t r u e foundations of m a n ; h i s 15 minutes in a cordial manner that was The varicoloured groups spread over j family, h i s country, h i s occupation. the campus in orderly arrangement greatly appreciated. Deportations a r e m a d e , concentramade an impressive picture. The BeneLo Pa-hong. National President, tion camps a r e t h e r e t o m a i n t a i n | We w a n t political a n d economical andMr.Rev. diction over, the files reformed and the Dr. Yu Pin, General Director, the union of souls a n d of h e a r t s , jj institutions a t t h e service of h u m a n then spoke, the latter giving a brief re- procession slowly made its way back to â&#x20AC;˘ personality. We w a n t t h e s u p Order prevails and w i t h it a d m i r a - \ the Church, hymns and prayers consume of the work accomplished by the : pression of S t a t e activities which Congress. A delegate from Singapore, tinuing en route. Benediction in the tion. destroy t h e freedom and t h e speaking in the name of the delegate Church concluded the ceremony and also Is t h e r e a n y t h i n g in it to seduce responsibility of men. W e w a n t body, thanked in turn all concerned for j marked the official termination of the US? Shall we forget t r a d i t i o n a n d the S t a t e to resume i t s real func- the kindness and help received. The j National Catholic Congress, another history? Could t h e spasmodic tion, namely, a d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d Congerss then solemnly adjourned with | milestone in the hallowed history of experiments of to-day wipe out t h e | justice. W e w a n t a society t h a t prayer, and several group photographs ; the Catholic Church in China. commemorate the I While the procession was in progress, lessons of t h e p a s t ? Which of j| will g u a r a n t e e each of i t s m e m b e r s were taken to several thousands of spectators throngthese r e g i m e n t s appeals to us ? Is j t h e necessary r e q u i r e m e n t s of life. historic occasion. Procession at Siccawei ed the environs of the Church and i t h e d i c t a t o r s h i p of bolshevik j The procession at Siccawei began at Seminary grounds and lined the route Russia or of T u r k e y ? Is it t h a t of j about five o'clock and was an imposing of march. Siccawei has seen few more Moira proved a real p r o p h e t , for manifestation of devotion 'o Christ in imposing manifestations of faith and Spain which h a s led t h e c o u n t r y t o â&#x20AC;˘ sterile agitation a n d a painful | slowly b u t surely t h e s p i r i t of ir- the Eucharist, one of the cardinal devotion to the Eucharist. religious persecution ? I s it p r e s e n t - religion a n d t h e demon of selfishI she w e n t on, " a n y home t h ^ t is day Germany, t h e r e s u l t a n d ness and discontent v a n i s h e d from OUR S H O R T STORY I consecrated to t h e Sacred H e a r t product of national decomposition, Richard Russell's h o m e , a n d in (Continued from page 13) of economic, moral and spiritual their stead stole in a g r e a t love A n d his eyes wandered t o t h e ! is s u r e t o w e a t h e r every s t o r m , collapse of t h e nation, w i t h t h e of t h e Sacred H e a r t a n d devotion image of t h e Sacred Heart, w i t h I because it is protected by God weapons of violence a n d s t r a n g l i n g to Mary, Queen of t h e R o s a r y . a crimson l a m p glowing softly be- Himself. Is y o u r h o m e consecratR i c h a r d Russell's y o u n g people of all liberties, of all independent I ed, Rich," s h e queried softly, fore it. thoughts, a n d h a v i n g for i t s a i m call A u n t i e Moira t h e angel of t h e j The t e a r s r u s h e d to t h e erreat Then when Moira came in, w h a t an exasperated racism, a r e t u r n t o household, and it is t o h e r t h e y m a g n a t e ' s eyes. "No, Moira, n o , " Teutonic imperialism, t o " D e u t s c h - come w i t h all t h e i r confidences and a wonderful welcome she accorded he a n s w e r e d quickly; " m i n e is n o t small woes. Maureen h a s long him, despite h i s coldness and n e g - a h a p p y h o m e ; religion is comland uber alles ?" Is it t h e Italian since been voted by t h e R r s s e l l lect; and how simply she told him | pletely a b s e n t from it. My wife dictatorship p r a i s e d to-day by admirers of a m a n w h o w a s des- family a p r i m e favourite. T h e of all t h e p r a y e r s she had said for j lived w i t h o u t religion, and died his welfare. " But, Richard, it boys call h e r a real t r u m p , a n d t h e pised by t h e m a few y e a r s a g o ? w i t h o u t it, a n d all m y children doesn't s u r p r i s e m e t h a t t h e little girls describe h e r a s a c h a r m i n g Doubtless t h e work of Mussolini is h a v e followed h e r example. T h e r e pearl r o s a r y w a s t h e moans of r e considerable, b u t can we accept discovery in t h e form of a cousin. is a g r e a t work w a i t i n g you in m y uniting us once again. I said so home, Moira, if you will only - o m e m a n y r o u n d s of it for you t h a t I feel confident O u r Lady of t h e t o m y a s s i s t a n c e . " Telephone No. 7843. She glanced a r o u n d t h e t i n y Rosary b r o u g h t you safelv back room, t h e n raised h e r eyes to t h e t o me." " I w a n t you to come across t o a l t a r of t h e Sacred H e a r t . " I ' l l T H E VICTORIA CONFECTIONERY & S T O R E come. R i c h , " she said quietly, " a n d m y home, Moira," Richard Russell we'll begin by h a v i n g t h e h o m e 71, Victoria Street, said gently. " I a m a very w e a l t h y consecrated t o t h e Sacred H e a r t , man, and I am anxious to m a k e u p SINGAPORE. and t h e R o s a r y recited each evento you for t h e p a s t . " ing." Moira d a n c e d around h e r t i n y " J u s t a s you t h i n k best, M c i r a , " room with a lingering look. " I Wedding Cakes a Specialityh e said. " I know you'll bring t h e have never had much of t h i s blessing of God with you." Assorted Cakes Maker, Tea Party Supplier, world's goods," s h e said softly, " Well, Rich, t h e home t h a t is " p a r t i c u l a r l y since I m a r r i e d p o o r Hot and Cold Drinks, etc. Jack McDonald. We were w ed j consecrated t o t h e Sacred H e a r t b u t one brief y e a r when he -cMed, j and h a s t h e R o s a r y recited in it and e d u c a t e ; but, t h a n k God, I i each evening, h a s n o t h i n g to f e a r ; Proprietor have always been contented, a n d I God and H i s M o t h e r g u a r d a n d JOSEPH CHONG SIN TONG leaving m e M a u r e e n to b r i n g u p guide i t . " never wanted. You Rich." (Continued at foot of Col. 2) !

f

:

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16

Browsing Among Books [Readers are kindly invited to send in j individual is m a d e by God to be questions on religious dogmas or | h a p p y w i t h God for all e t e r n i t y , standards of moral conduct. Such I hence each m a n h a s d u t i e s and questions must be put in good faith with r i g h t s which no S t a t e h a s given h i m a n d no S t a t e c a n t a k e away. a view to obviating any dubiety or T h e g r o u p c o n s i s t i n g of husband, adjusting any inaccuracy in pertinent wife and c h i l d — t h a t is t h e family matters of faith or morals. All ques— t a k e s precedence of a n y S t a t e in tions must be accompanied by the f u n d a m e n t a l r i g h t s , for it is t h e nemes and addresses of questioners, not necessarily for publication, but as a direct expression of t h e Will of t h e C r e a t o r , and all law, and all d u t y guarantee of good faith. The Editor reserves the right to reject any question, and r i g h t , a r e derived ultimately from t h a t Divine Will alone. which in his opinion, may appear trivial All m e n a r e by n a t u r e e q u a l ; and or frivolous;.]

a n y superiority of m a n over m a n , Q. Can a Catholic be a Com- a n y control of a m a n ' s actions b y a n o t h e r man, is derived from God's munist? will a n d not f r o m t h e will of t h e A. N o . C o m m u n i s m is a t h e o r y C o m m u n i t y . T h e will of t h e comof s t a t e c r a f t w h i c h is based on m u n i t y is only law w h e n it respects principles in direct contradiction t h e r i g h t s of t h e individual a n d t o Catholicism. family, a n d is for t h e good on e a r t h C o m m u n i s m is b a s e d on t h e a n d h e r e a f t e r of t h e m e m b e r s comt h e o r y of M a r x a n d E n g e l s , t h e p o s i n g t h a t c o m m u n i t y . t w o p r o p h e t s of c o m m u n i s m ' s g o s N o one denies t h a t in t h e sopel. I t is "dialectical m a t e r i a - called capitalistic s t a t e s many l i s m : " t h e s t a t e m e n t t h a t all t h a t g r i e v o u s a b u s e s e x i s t , which cry e x i s t s is m a t t e r , a n d t h a t t h e s t a t e out f o r r e m o v a l ; n o o n e denies t h a t m u s t c a r r y t h i s principle t o i t s ul- in communistic s t a t e s , a s in t h e t i m a t e logical conclusion. Since Soviet, T u r k e y , o r Mexico, some all t h a t e x i s t s is m a t t e r t h e n t h e r e a b u s e s of t h e C a p i t a l i s t s t a t e s h a v e i s no God, m a n h a s n o soul, t h e r e been removed, a n d s o m e legislation i s no h e r e a f t e r . H e n c e conscience p a s s e d which would t e n d t o w a r d s a n d religion a r e illusions t o be t h e g r e a t e r t e m p o r a l welfare of i t s o v e r c o m e ; so likewise t h e existence m e m b e r s and m i g h t t h e r e f o r e even of inalienable r i g h t s of t h e indi- b e adopted b y Capitalistic s t a t e s . vidual a n d t h e f a m i l y a r e a b s u r d All t h i s leaves u n t o u c h e d t h e m e t a p h y s i c a l d r e a m s which m u s t fact t h a t C o m m u n i s m a s a s y s t e m b e dispelled. I t is one of t h e m a i n is radically evil, a n d w o r k s out t o p u r p o s e s of t h e Soviet t o d e s t r o y t h e disaster, b o t h t e m p o r a l a n d t h e idea of t h e family, t h a t is, t h e e t e r n a l , of t h o s e w h o live b y i t . s a c r e d n e s s a n d p e r m a n e n c y of t h e I t d e g r a d e s m a n below t h e level of u n i o n b e t w e e n m a n a n d wife, and slavery, and t r a m p l e s upon h i s t h e idea of a u t h o r i t y of p a r e n t s over m o s t sacred r i g h t s ; if a t least a t t h e i r offspring; a n d t o s u b s t i t u t e t e m p t s to b r i n g h i m t o t h e level of in i t s steady t h e idea of t h e com- t h e b e a s t . T h e bloodshed, t h e f a m u n i t y , i.e., t h e S t a t e , a s t h e end m i n e and t h e s l a v e r y in Russia, a n d p u r p o s e of t h e existence of t h e s h o w t o w h a t d e p t h of m i s e r y t h e individual. E x a c t l y a s t h e a n i m a l p r a c t i c e of C o m m u n i s m can b r i n g i s for t h e h e r d , t h e d o g for t h e a people. T h e r e a r e signs, howpack, t h e bee f o r t h e s w a r m , so ever, t h a t h u m a n n a t u r e even in each m a n is f o r t h e c o m m u n i t y . R u s s i a is r e v o l t i n g a g a i n s t t h e H e can h a v e n o r i g h t s o r posses- t y r a n n y of C o m m u n i s m , a n d w e sions except w h a t t h e c o m m u n i t y m a y hope t h a t w h e n t h e orgy of gives h i m , f o r t h e c o m m u n i t y is f a n a t i c i s m is p a s s e d a n d s a n i t y r e i g n s again, t h e f o r m e r abuses of t h e source a s well a s t h e end of all h e is a n d h a s . T h e t o t a l i t y of C z a r i s m will n o t r e t u r n ; and t h a t h i s value lies in h i s b e i n g one unit t h e n e w legislation, a s f a r a s it is of t h e c o m m u n i t y . T h e c o m m u n - beneficent, will r e m a i n ; and t h u s i t y itself does n o t possess r i g h t s a t long last t h a t m u c h t o r t u r e d i n t h e old b o u r g e o i s capitalistic, c o u n t r y m a y p o s s e s s some m e a s u r e s p i r i t u a l s e n s e ; t h a t is, a s a s o r t of liberty, p r o s p e r i t y and peace. (From t h e Catholic Gazette). of m e t a p h y s c i a l q u a l i t y based upon a b s t r a c t , i m m a t e r i a l j u s t i c e . All t h e c o m m u n i t y does for itself is M I S S I O N A R I E S C A R I N G FOR " j u s t . " I n t h e beehives t h e bees 25,000 L E P E R S . do not argue about t h e abstract o j u s t i c e of t h e i r r e g u l a t i o n s in t h e L a c k of F u n d s L i m i t Activities. h i v e s ; t h e y j u s t kill t h e d r o n e s w h e n t h e y a r e of no m o r e u s e t o R o m e . — Catholic missionaries t h e i r c o m m u n i t y . T h e d r o n e h a s I c a r e for a p p r o x i m a t e l y 25,000 n o r i g h t a g a i n s t t h e hive, so no I lepers in v a r i o u s p a r t s of t h e m a n h a s a r i g h t a g a i n s t t h e S t a t e ; world. In t h e 127 o r g a n i s e d a s y a n d t h e S t a t e itself h a s only power, j l u m s directed by missionaries f o r power and r i g h t a r e identical, | t h e r e are s o m e 14,000 i n m a t e s , a n d t h e notion of r i g h t m u s t be I while almost a s m a n y again r e s h o r n of t h e s t u p i d a d d i t i o n s w h i c h ! ceive help a n d t r e a t m e n t a t C a t h o give it a n e t e r n a l s a n c t i o n — a s if, j lie m i s s i o n a r y d i s p e n s a r i e s . in fact, t h e r e w e r e a God, a n d a Africa leads in t h i s field of Calife h e r e a f t e r . W h e n m a n will tholic c h a r i t y w i t h 59 a s y l u m s only live a s t h e a n i m a l does, h e a n d 5,558 l e p e r s d i r e c t l y under t h e will be m u c h h a p p i e r t h a n w i t h all c a r e of m i s s i o n a r i e s . India, Ceyh i s o u t w o r n religious m e t a p h y s i c a l lon a n d B u r m a a r e n e x t w i t h 13 notions. L e t h i m live f o r t h e a s y l u m s a n d 2,330 lepers. Indoc o m m u n i t y a n d t h e c o m m u n i t y C h i n a h a s 11 a s y l u m s a n d 2,226 will look a f t e r him, and give h i m i n m a t e s . T h e islands of t h e P a c i t h e p r o p e r s h a r e of all good t h i n g s fic, China, A m e r i c a , J a p a n a n d of t h e e a r t h . N e t h e r l a n d E a s t Indies follow in T h a t is a p i c t u r e of t h e C o m m u - t h i s order. H e a d s of m i s s i o n a r y i n s t i t u t e s , nistic t h e s i s . I t is all p e r f e c t logic a n d s h e e r c o m m o n s e n s e , of course, p a r t i c u l a r l y of i n s t i t u t e s of Sisif m a n i s only m a t t e r , if t h e r e b e t e r s , say t h a t h u n d r e d s of t h e i r n o God, soul or h e r e a f t e r . It is m e m b e r s h a v e e x p r e s s e d t h e dealso t h e e x a c t contradiction of t h e s i r e t o w o r k a m o n g lepers. Only t r u t h , b o t h n a t u r a l a n d revealed. a privileged few, however, can a c T h e t r u t h is t h a t m a n is not t u a l l y e n g a g e in t h e work, owing m a d e f o r t h e c o m m u n i t y , b u t t h e t o t h e l i m i t a t i o n s placed on leper^ w i m i i n i t v e x i s t s for m a n . E a c h relief activities b y lack of funds. :

R e a d e r s of A r c h b i s h o p Goodier's books on t h e life of O u r Blessed Lord will welcome a h a r m o n y of t h e Gospels t h a t h e h a s published u n d e r t h e title of T h e W o r d Incarn a t e (B.O. & W., 5s.) Based on t h e well-known work of Tischendorf, t h i s little book is d r a w n u p primarily t o a s s i s t stud e n t s of t h e a u t h o r ' s l a r g e r works on t h e Public Life a n d t h e Passion and D e a t h of Our L o r d J e s u s C h r i s t , when t h e y wish t o medit a t e on t h e t r u t h s p r e s e n t e d t h e r e in. I t is t h u s a d m i r a b l y suited to t h o s e who m a k e t h e i r meditation a r i s e out of t h e i r spiritual reading, a l t h o u g h it will suit o t h e r m e t h o d s as well. It should also be useful to t h o s e who a r e u n d e r t a k i n g a s y s t e m a t i c s t u d y of t h e Life of Christ. T h e book is a r r a n g e d in four p a r t s , concerned respectively with t h e T h i r t y Y e a r s of O u r Lord's Hidden Life, t h e Public Life, t h e Passion, and t h e Risen Life. T h e first of these, which corresponds to no published book of t h e a u t h o r , is clearly inserted to m a k e t h e " h a r m o n y " complete, b u t t h e arr a n g e m e n t s i n t o p a r t s enables t h e r e s t of t h e w o r k to be divided into sections corresponding w i t h those in t h e a u t h o r ' s l a r g e r w o r k s . W h e r e t h e r e a r e parallel passages, these a r e given, one a f t e r t h e o t h e r , and t h e n followed b y a harmonized t e x t , e m b o d y i n g t h e whole s u b s t a n c e of t h e p a s s a g e s concerned. T h e result is a composite n a r r a t i v e , almost entirely in t h e w o r d s of t h e Gospels t h e m selves. T h e f o r m a t of t h e book is att r a c t i v e , and i t s size convenient. * * * * * T h e N i n e F i r s t F r i d a v s , by a secular pr.est (B.O. & W.~ 3s. 6d.) is a well reasoned a n d close study of t h e " G r e a t P r o m i s e " m a d e to St. Margaret Mary Alacoque. E v e r y aspect of t h e c e r t a i n l y se-

r i o u s problem is faced with courage a n d l e a r n i n g . T h e various texts of t h e P r o m i s e a r e reproduced— t h o u g h seemingly from t h e printed s o u r c e s — a n d carefully analysed; t h e a u t h e n t i c i t y of t h e Promise! i t s theological soundness, its meani n g a n d i t s use a r e discussed in turn. T h e a u t h o r is in favour of the m o s t literal i n t e r p r e t a t i o n of the w o r d s , a n d t h e case he puts forw a r d is a s t r o n g one. The order of t r e a t m e n t will not altogether appeal to everyone. T h e argum e n t for t h e theological soundness would seem b e t t e r placed after the s t u d y of t h e actual w o r d s and their m e a n i n g . B u t as t h a t chapter deals m a i n l y w i t h t h e external evidence for " s o u n d n e s s , " t h e author m a y be justified in t h e order he h a s chosen. T h e book m u s t certainly be reckoned w i t h in a n y future discussions. PRIEST, BENEFACTOR OF WAR-STRICKEN CHILDREN. DIES. A n t w e r p . — Canon Valvekens, d i s t i g u i s h e d benefactor of wars t r i c k e n H u n g a r i a n children, has died h e r e a t t h e a g e of 78. T h e d e a t h of Canon Valvekens recalls t h e w o r k of Cardinal Mercier on behalf of H u n g a r i a n childr e n who, a s innocent victims of t h e w a r , suffered g r e a t distress in t h e y e a r s immediately following t h e end of t h e World Conflict. This w o r k w a s u n d e r t a k e n by the Cardinal a t t h e suggestion of Canon Valvekens. T h e noted priest w a s placed in c h a r g e of t h e proj e c t w h i c h aided H u n g a r i a n childr e n f o r m a n y y e a r s . Through Canon Valvekens' efforts thousands of Hungarian children were b r o u g h t t o F l a n d e r s and reared a n d educated by F l e m i s h families.

I

D U

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Warto.

Studios


MALAYA

SPORTS

CATHOLIC L E A D E R , SATURDAY,* 12th OCTOBER, 1»35.

NOTES

CATHOLICS IN THE LIMELIGHT ( B y O u r Own Correspondent.)

HOCKEY.

HOLY INNOCENTS ENGLISH SCHOOL. ' C O L T S ' I N GOOD FORM T h e second t e a m of t h e H. I. E . The Singapore Colts h a v e cer- School played two m a t c h e s , last tainly got t o g e t h e r a splendid W e d n e s d a y and F r i d a y , a n d b o t h Hockey side t h i s season a n d h a v e w e r e d r a w n games. T h e first w a s done exceptionally well t h u s far. on t h e home ground and it w a s They have t h e services of t h e a g a i n s t t h e Holy Innocents Chinese following v e r y capable p l a y e r s who B o y s ' 1st eleven, and resulted in a are Catholics, viz., H . V a l b e r g , S. goal-less draw. On t h e 4 t h i n s t a n t , t h e same Skadian, L. R e u t e n s , C. Schelkis, M. Valberg, N . H a y a n d J. R e u t e n s . t e a m visited t h e Serangoon E n g They defeated t h e Medical College lish School ground t o play a g a i n s t t h e i r 1st eleven. I t w a s a dinglast week by t h r e e clear goals. d o n g affair, both t e a m s being S.R.C. H O C K E Y T E A M T R O U N C E i **ually matched, the bail travelling from one end to t h e other. Both NAVY SIDE. sides came n e a r to scoring, but The S.R.C. Hockey t e a m whipped w h e n t h e whistle blew for full a Navy side b y 9 goals to 2. t i m e , t h e score sheet w a s blank. Appearing for t h e Recs. w e r e : O. Aeria in goal, M a t t h e w s (left BOXING. half), N . Sullivan, J. S. de Souza, J o e Mendiola, w h o w a s expected G. Valberg a n d P . d'Almeida, t o t r o u n c e Weber a t t h e Olympic (forwards). S t a d i u m only m a n a g e d to e a r n a * * * * p o i n t s victory by a poor m a r g i n . MALACCA H O C K E Y . H e a p p e a r e d t o c a r r y too m u c h Chosen t o t a k e p a r t in t h e w e i g h t and consequently w a s n o t Malacca Hockey t r i a l s a r e Dr. V. h i s n a t u r a l self. He also possessed Xavier, P . F . de Souza, M. Toledo, v e r y s c a n t stamina. H. M. de Souza, R. Leon, W. Rogers, C. A. de V r i e s , F . M. RUGBY Theseira, O. Carvalho, C. G. Rodrigues a n d J . Carvalho. Gerald Pinto, full back for t h e Negri—Malacca R u g b y x v played t h e " b e s t g a m e of h i s life " last SOCCER. S a t u r d a y against Selangor says o t h e S e r e m b a n Correspondent of THOMSON CUP' COMPETITION. t h e S t r a i t s Times. " N e g r i MalaSt. J o h n ' s I n s t i t u t i o n of K u a l a cca " it seems, would h a v e lost h a d jLumpur w e n t down in defeat before t h e V.I. in t h e final of t h e it n o t been for P i n t o . H e converThomson Cup Competition. W i t h t e d from a n acute angle on t h e half one of t h e i r s t a r p l a y e r s in hospital w a y line. It w a s a s u p e r b kick their chances w e r e severely h a n d i - a n d amazed b o t h s p e c t a t o r s a n d capped b u t t h e y g a v e a v e r y good p l a y e r s . In t h e second half h e account of t h e m s e l v e s a n d h a d j u s t a g a i n converted from a difficult as many o p p o r t u n i t i e s t o win a s a n g l e . H e tackled well t h r o u g h their opponents. B a d finish ruined o u t while his tough—finding u n d e r all t h e i r hopes h o w e v e r a n d our p r e s s u r e w a s a f e a t u r e of t h e g a m e . " (S. Times.) sympathies a r e w i t h t h e m .

TIGERS in SPOUT

Dl/TRIBUTOR/

FOR

TIGER B E E R FR A/Eft 6 ntAVfi 17? ANNUAL RIFLE MEETING. T h e a n n u a l rifle m e e t i n g of D. Coy. ( E u r a s i a n ) w a s held a t Bukit T i m a h R a n g e last S u n d a y . The m e m b e r s of t h e Machine Gun Coy. also took p a r t . T h e Champion Shot, w i n n e r of t h e G r a n d A g g r e g a t e , w a s L 'Sgt. A. P e r e i r a . The winner of t h e C Class a g g r e g a t e w as P t e . A. G. Valberg. T h e winner of t h e 200 yds. delib e r a t e A Class, scratch, w a s 2 / L t . F . Grosse. T h e handicap winner w a s P t e . E. F . de Silva. In t h e B Class, handicap, Sgt. D. Siddons w a s 2nd. P t e . I. Rodrigues was 2nd in t h e C Class. L / C o r p . A. Gomes w a s r u n n e r - u p i r t h e 200 yds. Rapid Shooting, A Class. In t h e B Class P t e . E . J . Skading was t h e winner. P t e . R. Jacobs and P t e . P . de Silva were first and second in t h e C Class. Sgt. J. Galistan took t h e Snap r

SHOE CO., LTD.

SINGAPORE

17

Shooting, A Class, w i t h 2 n d / L t . F . Grosse, second In t h e B Class, Sgt. D. Siddons a n d P t e . C. E. de Souza were winn e r and r u n n e r - u p respectively. P t e . I. R i c h a r d s , 1st and P t e . P . Consiglieri 2nd took t h e C Class. T h e F i r e and Movement A Class fell to P t e . C. A. de Souza P t e . A. C. de Silva was 1st and P t e . R. Jacobs 2nd in t h e C Class. Sgt. L. C. P e n n e f a t h e r a n n e x e d 1st place in t h e 500 yds. deliberate A Class, P t e . W. de Roza w a s runner-up. P t e . F . de Souza won t h e B Class with P t e . C. E. de Souza 2nd. Pte. A. G. V a l b e r g w a s 1st i n t h e C Class. T O P N O T C H E R S ' IN T E N N I S . I t is pleasing t o see t h e n a m e s of Shields of A m e r i c a , Boussus of F r a n c e and M c G r a t h of A u s t r a l i a . A m o n g t h e 1st t e n of t h e world's lawn t e n n i s r a n k i n g s for 1935. A m o n g t h e first t e n women a p p e a r t h e n a m e s of M m e . M a t h i e u of F r a n c e , a n d Miss H a r t i g a n of Australia.


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC fcBADER, SATURDAY, 12th OCTOBER, 1935,

1*1

AROUND T H E PARISHES

it'-•

SINGAPORE,

PENANG,

MALACCA,

SEREMBAN, SINGAPORE F E A S T OF ST. T E R E S A . Celebrations at the Church of St. Teresa on the 6th of October. 'The 6th of October was the Solemnity o f Saint Teresa of the Child Jesus. The crowds that were present i n the Church both at the morning and evening services clearly show that the Little Flower has endeared herself to the Catholic people of Singapore. A s reported i n a previous issue of the M . C . L . the Feast was preceded by a Novena of Masses and prayers i n the evening by preceded sermons and benediction of the Blessed Sacrament. On the first two days the sermons were delivered in Chinese. The sermons on the following two days were given in Tamil by the Rev. Father Vcndargon. The rest of the sermons were preached by the R t . Rev. Father Brennan, first Superior of the Redemptorist Fathers in Singapore. The Novena services were well attended. The Decorations. The interior as well as the compound of the Church was tastefully decorated for the occasion. The main altar especially was decked with a profusion of fresh roses by devoted Clients of the Saint. I n the Church compound flags and buntings were placed all along the route of the procession. Pontifical High Mass. A t an early hour crowds were already gathered i n Church a s d long before the Mass began there was no more sitting* accommoda- * tion and hundreds had to be satisfied with standing outside the Church. H i s Excellency M g r . Devals, D . D . sang the H i g h Mass assisted t>y the Rev. Fathers S. Lee and R . Laurent as deacon The Choir of and subdeacon. Saint Teresa was fully represented. M r . L i m Chew Kok the devoted organist presided at the organ. The music was provided by the •C.Y.M.A. of the Church of Saints Peter and Paul. Evening Service. The Church was even more crowded during the evening service. Confirmation was administered to 68 candidates at 5 p.m. by His Excellency M g r . A . Devals. Immediately after the Confirmation service the statue of the Little Flower was borne round the Church i n procession during which the L a t i n H y m n " 0 Theresia" was chanted by the men and at the end of each verse the united Choir of Saint Teresa's boys and girls, Saint Tarsicius Brigade and Girls' Section of the C C A . who formed the main body of the procession (about two hundred i n number) answered i n chorus sending up to heaven a union of prayers implorig the L i t t l e Flower to let fall from heaven showers of roses on them and on the people of Singapore. It was indeed an impressive ceremony and Saint Teresa could not be deaf to the petitions of her so numerous clients. A s Father Brennan said in one of his sermons the Saint w i l l no longer delay to grant us a much felt need in Singapore—the realisation of a Carmelite Convent. (Continued at foot of next Col)

C H U R C H O F ST. J O S E P H . BAPTISMS. October 5th. Francis X a v i e r Gome*, born on the 26th Sept. son of Bobin Patrick Gomes and of Anna L i m Gomes. Godparents : Celestine Anthony and R u t h Beins. October 6th. Doreen Wells, born on the 24th Sept. daughter of Alexander Joseph Wells and of Leonie de Souza. Godparents: Nelson Monteiro and Theresa de Souza. Marriages. October 3rd. Alexander Gough, son of John Henry Gough and of Nachi T a n to Leonie Pereira, daughter of Jovita Pereira and of Gwendoline Scott. October 5th. C y r i l Peter Oliveiro, sop of Charles Ferdinand O l i vero and of Josephine Monteiro, to Joan Elsie da Silva, daughter of Joseph Francis de Silva and of Apolina Shepherdson. October 5th. Christian Peter L a n ge, son of Andrew Lange and of Jane A y a m to Alice Beatrice Hendricks, daughter of John Albert Hendricks and of Theodora Sharnhorst. October 8th. Alexius Bunyong Vidhayasai, son of W a r n Vidhayasai and of Themin Suvanprasih, to Josephine E l i zabeth de Souza, daughter to Ernest John Samuel de Souza and o f A n n a Vong. DEATHS. October 3rd. George da Silva aged 5 months, son of Stephen da Silva and of Helen da Silva.

KEDAH. C A T H E D R A L O F T H E GOOD SHEPHERD.

CATHOLIC ACTION MEETING. The Monthly Meeting of the Members of the Catholic Action of The Cathedral of The Good Shepherd was held at the Singapore Catholic Club on Sunday last, presided over by the Spiritual Director, Rev. Father Maury and the vice-president of the Action, M r . W. F . Mosbergen. Among other items discussed was a proposal made bf the vice-president that the members of the Action undertake the support next year of one of our three Seminarist in Singapore, which was agreed to. A suggestion by M r . Jayakody to purchase suitable tracts for free distribution to Catholics had the support of the meeting. It was considered that this was a longfelt want. Mention was also made of the desire of the Right Rev. Bishop Devals that the Actionists take an active part i n the adoration at the exposition of The Blessed Sacrament on the occasion of the feast of The Kingship of Christ on the 27th instant. In order to make the adoration continuous throughout the day, as His Lordship desires, it was agreed that relays be arranged by the Hon. Secretary. Actionists who have not given their names and the time convenient for their attendance are kindly requested to inform the Hon. Secretary as early as possible to enable him to make the arrangement i n good time. * * * * Catholic Aetion Resolution. As a result of the earnest attention given by the Cathedral Actionists to the sale of the Malaya Catholic Leader at the Cathedral and at the Katong Church every Sunday after Mass, there was a surplus balance i n hand on 30th September, 1935, of $105.45 cents from the two cents commission allowed for each copy sold. At the monthly General Meeting hejd at the Singapore Catholic Club last Sunday, the meeting unanimously decided that the sum of $ 5 0 / - be refunded to the management of the Malaya Catholic Leader, as being in excess of requirements for their expenses. *

OBITUARY The L a t e M r . W . Wilson M r W . (Nick) Wilson late Ship Engineer of S i r John Jackson L t d . , died at the General Hospital, Singapore ,on October 6th, aged 38 years. The funeral left his residence at 26, Oxford Rd., for the Church of St. Joseph, asd thence to Bididari Cemertery for interR.I.P. ment.

Miss

Ivy Bateman Takes Final Vows. •oIvy Hilda Bateman the second daughter^ of M r . H . Bateman of Kuching Sarawak received her final vows as a N u n on the 24th September, 1935 i n Paris and took the name of Sister St. George. Ivy was born in Kuching and received her education first i n St. Teresa Convent Kuching. After a few years study, she proceeded to Singapore where she became a boarder in the Convent of The Holy Infant Jesus to finish her education. She passed the Senior Cambridge examination and was for some years in the Normal Class. Before joining the Novitiate at Penang, Ivy was for a short time a teacher i n the Singapore Convent. On the return of the Procession Solemn Benediction was given after which the crowds dispersed home quite happy and delighted with the beautiful ceremonies.

K U A L A LUMPUR,

C A T H E D R A L O F T H E GOOD 1 SHEPHERD. Retreat for Ladies. Rev. F r . Brennan, C.SS.R. To Address. Thanks to the kind arrangements made by H i s Excellency Monseigneur A . Devals, a Retreat will be given by Reverend Father Brennan, from the 21st to the 27th October, for the ladies of the parish of the Good Shephered, and for all those who wish to join. The lectures will be given in the Convent Chapel, every evening at 5.30 p.m., and special arrangements will be made during the retreat for the organization of a ladies' branch of the Catholic Action, and for the celebration of the feast of Christ the King, which will be at the end of the retreat. Convent old pupils belonging to the married section of the C.O.P.A. are specially requested to attend, and to do their best to bring their lady friends. Young members of the Sodality of the Children of Mary or of the C.O.P.A. are not ! supposed to follow this retreat, as ; they will have their own later on. Those who have not received no> tice of the above are requested to : consider this announcement as an ; invitation. CHURCH OF T ^ E SACRED HEART. Jubilee Celebration. The Church of the Sacred Heart. Tank Road, Singapore,, celebrated its Silver Jubilee on Sunday the 29th September, by a Pontifical High Mass sung by H . E . Mgr. A . Devals, Bishop of Malacca, assisted by Rev. Fathers J . Sy. Vicar of the Parish and R. Cardon, Editor of the M . C . L . The Church was crowded to overflowing and every nook and corner was occupied by the faithful. Beautiful fresh flowers were used for decorations and pennants adorned with pictures of saints were hung along the walls of the Church.

The Choir under the baton of Mr. Seow Seet Yong ably rendered the Mass i n three voices by C. [The Editor of the Malaya Catholic Filke accompanied by the organ Leader tenders his thanks to the Press and orchestra. During the serSection of the Catholic Action Society vice the orchestra played musical of the Cathedral of the Good Shepherd selections. for its kind donation to the journal. The

y

journal is still in its infancy—the present After service, refreshments were issue is the 41st,—and consequently there served to all. In the evening His are still some difficulties to be overcome. Lordship gave the Benediction of With the help of God and the loyal supthe Most Blessed Sacrament at port of our many Press Sections, which until now have never failed us, we hope, The Church of the Sacred Heart, not only to maintain but to give a wider which the ' Te D e u m ' was sung. expansion to this good work of the Catholic Press among the Catholics of Malaya. At night, an open air talkie enThe Editor avails himself of the occa- terained a very large crowd m tne sion to offer his felicitation to the mem-Church Compound. bers of the Press Section of the AssumpThe success of this celebration tion Church of Penang who contributed the sum of $100/00 from the Press fund of the Church Jubilee is greatly towards the building of the Church of the due to the efficiency of the u>ni Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary at mittee and various. Sub-CommitButterworth. In so doing, both Press tees who are therefore to be conI eratulated for their untiring e Sections of the Good Shepherd and of the Assumption prove to all that they j forts i n the preparation of tne* are truly inspired in their work by the festivities. spirit of Catholic Action.]


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A R O U N D T H E PARISHES PENANG

the contracting parties being Pasqual Augustus Danker, son of the late M r . Anthony and Mrs. E m i l i a Baptism. Danker, of Seremban, and Miss Isabel Fiona Jeanne L a Brooy, Willelmina Especkerman, daughter born on the 15th September, at the of the late M r . Alexander and Mrs. Maternity Hospital, P e n a n g , Charlotte Especkerman, of Seremdaughter of M r . & Mrs. F . C. D. ban. * * * * La Brooy. Baptized. Godparents:—Mr. & M r s . Wilfred Fernandez—Shelkis Dunstan Nicholas of Singapore. The wedding took place at the Church of the Visitation, SeremOBITUARY. ban, on the 23rd September, 1935, the contracting parties being A l phonso Stephen Fernandez, son of Late Mrs. Arokiasamy. the late M r . Marshall and M r s . The funeral took place on the Lucy Fernandez, formerly of Se5th, Oct. from her residence No. remban, and Miss Stella Agnes 52h, Penang Road of M r s . Shelkis, daughter of M r . Alfred Arokiasamy, wife of M r . B . A . P . & M r s . Willelmina Shelkis. Arokiasamy, Overseer of the * * * * Municipality. Deceased leaves behind her husband, two sons Sancta Maria—Especkerman... and a daughter to mourn their The wedding took place at the loss. H i e cortege left at 4.30 Church of the Visitation, Seremp.m. and after a Church service ban, on the 24th September, 1935, conducted by Rev. F r . Rihoud, the contracting parties being left for the Western Road Henry Sancta Maria of the Charcemetery. tered Bank, Seremban, son of the late M r . Alphonso and Mrs. Louisa A Requiem High Mass for the Sta Maria, of Seremban, and Miss deceased was sung at the Maud Mabel Especkerman, daughChurch of St. Francis Xavier on of M r . James D . and the late ter Thursday, October 10 at 6 30 Mrs. Adeline Especkerman. a.m. R.I P .

was carried in procession in the evening. ^ Last Monday, Odtober 7th, Father Bonamy left for Kelantan on the second of his bi-annual visits for the year. A s there is no railway-connection at the PerlisSiam boundary, he stayed a night at Padang Besar and said Mass there on Tuesday. He is not sure whether he will go to Trengganu and expects to be back in Sungei Patani on the following Saturday. Recent visitors to Alor Star have been Father Riboud and Father Dupoirieux. Father Dupoirieux accompanied Father Bonamy on a holiday-jaunt to Singgora by car. They stopped for a night at Changlun where they said Mass. Father Riboud came up to determine the site of the old Port Queda. While i n Paris last year he studied documents and maps i n the Bibliotheque Nationale and with the help of the copies which he made, he was anxious to ascertain the position of the old port where the Church of St. Michael stood from 1781 to 1786. Through the courtesy and kindness of H . H . Tunku Yacob the motor-launch "Lady N e l l " was placed at his disposal, Tunku Yacob himself forming one of the party which also included Father Bonamy and the writer. Unfortunately there was heavy rain when the party reached the mouth of the river and it was w i t h

OBITUARY. The late Mrs. Lucina Rodrigues. The death occurred on Sunday, September 22nd, 1935, of one of the oldest Eurasian Residents of Malacca Mrs. Lucina Rodrigues at her residence No. 11, Praya Lane. The deceased who was 70 years old and who passed away following a short illness, is highly respected among the Eurasian Community locally. She leaves behind a daughter, M r s . Theseira, wife of David Theseira, late Deputy Collector, Land Revenue, Malacca, several grandchildren, M r s . C. R . Martin, M r s . McLeod of Kuala Lumpur, and M r s . C. Thomas. Rev. Father Lourencio officiated at the Church and at the graveside.—R.I.P. C O N C E R T A T ST. J O S E P H ' S INSTITUTION, SINGAPORE.

On the night of Saturday, October 5th, The Catholic Young Men's Association of the Church of O u r Lady of Lourdes, Singapore, organized a Charity Concert in A i d of the "Poor Boys' Fund" at the St. Joseph's Institution. The first part of the Programme OUR K E D A H L E T T E R . of several items by the consisted (From Our Correspondent) school. The musical solos and KUALA LUMPUR There is nothing much to report duets of the youngsters were much from this part of Malaya. The appreciated. Masters C. Lazaroo THIRD ORDER OF ST. FRANCIS and Anthony Seow at the Piano. most important events of the past OF ASSISI. Mr. Lachica on the violin and the Picolo Solo of Master Aloysius Seek St. Anthony's Church. THE CONVENT, SEREMBAN. who was accompanied on the Piano by S. de Sa received due applause. Sunday, the 6th October was a The items by the lower school were red letter day for the members of really interesting, especially "The the Third Order of St. Anthony's Burlesque Band," which caused Church, K u a l a Lumpor, when they endless merriment among the speccelebrated the Feast of St. Francis of Assisi, the Founder of their tators, who at each "Bom, Bom, Order. I Bom, of the B i g Base Drum, j broke into roars of laughter. The Feast was celebrated in a "Who will care for Mother now very solemn manner. The church by the Cambridge boys was touchcompound was tastefully decorated ing, and great praise is due to the with flags and buntings and the altar was also beautifully decomanagement for the realistic scene rated. of the bombardment of a wartrench staged at the end of the The feast was preceded by a song. The sketch by the CamNovena which commenced on 27th bridge boys of D r . Sambo from September, 1935. On the last Zululand who prescribed a cure for three days of the Novena, sermons chronic indigestion was another were preached by Rev. F r . V . Hermann. item of interest, and "Toto" who played his part w e gave the specOn Sunday, the 6th October, For nearly a year during the reconstru ction of the Church of the Visitation, tators some wholesome entertainthere was H i g h Mass in t h e mornthe Catholic population of Seremban was given a generous hospitality for ment. ing at 8.15 a.m. and at 5 p.m. the religious services on Sundays—The Par ish Priest and the Catholic public of ceremony of clothing of Postulants After the interval the C . Y . M . A . Seremban take the opportunity of exte nding their sincerest thanks to the Lady and Profession of the Novices took Superior and the whole Convent of Ser cmban for their generosity and kindness. staged "The Miser." a translation Five Postulants were place. of Moliere's famous play 'L'avare'. month have been a flying-visit paid some difficulty that they picked out Mr. G. V . Santhou, as the miserly clothed and 10 Novices were Proto us by H i s Excellency Monsignor the landmarks shewn pn one of fessed. During the clothing of the Signor Harpagon, did justice, to Devals, and the solemnity of the the old maps. The view, however, postulants, a short sermon on the his part, and M r . P . L . Anthony, Feast of St. Michael, Patron Saint did not coincide with that depicted Uuty of Third Order Members in the part of Maitre Jacques (the and the merits of the Order" was of the Chapel in A l o r Star, and of on the sketch and it was decided cook and coachman) who was the ^.en by Rev. Father V . Hermann. our much-respected Parish Priest, to wait until the weather cleared. cause of many comic scenes was Father Michael Bonamy. In the meantime the party par- outstanding. M r . C. Anthony as . ceremony was very impres. The Bishop came up to Alor Star took of tiffin provided by Tunku sive and solemn. Immediately Lapierre the valet deserves menYacob and as the rain continued tion. atter the Profession of the Novices, on Thursday, September 12th, and to poar in torrents they regretwere was a procession, the statues visited St. Michael's School and <« bt. Francis of Assisi and St. several parishioners who were fully decided that it was of no use continuing the search that day and ^neresa were carried in beautifully delighted to see H i s Excellency. decorated cars. Father Bonamy specially ad- returned to Alor Star. the Countries. vanced the date of his monthly «i J : u s i o n of the proces•on there was Rosary and Bene- visit in order to celebrate the WATCHES ™ction of the Blessed Sacrament. Patronal feast at Alor Star. The and MALACCA Catechist decorated the Chapel at ft e members met CHRONO!heParochial House to thank with flags, ferns and flowers, and METERS jneir Parish Priest and Spiritual the little choir with Mrs. Augustin CHURCH O F ST. FRANCIS ^rector for all the trouble taken at the organ sang at high mass— acknowledged XAVIER. * °> nun on their behalf. De Angelis. After Mass the conthe B E S T gregation did not forget to offer Baptism. in all SE RAM BAN their Parish Priest their best Born on 21st September, 1935, wishes. Agent: a daughter to M r . Robert Henry Marriages The Catholics of Kulim celebrat- Dias and M r s . Philomina Mary RENE anker-Especkerman. ed the Feast of the Patron Saint I Dias. Baptised at St. Francis' ULLMANN, c w u *!? & P of the Chapel last Sunday. There Church on Sunday 29th September, C? ?l s i t a t i o n , Seremwas High Mass at 8 a.m. and the 1935. SINGAPORF God-Parents: Daniel S t a e 28th September, 1935, statue of the Little Flower of Jesus Maria and Nancy Sta Maria. J9

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alljofo U r n A t x OFFICIAL

ORGAN

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CATHOLIC

ACTION

PUBLISHED WEEKLY.

MAT7AYA

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No. 4 1 .

OF

CATHOLIC~LEADER,

SATURDAY,

12th

10 Cents.

O C T O B E R ^

SNAPS TAKEN OF THE PROCESSION IN HONOUR OF ST TERESA.

Choristers of t h e Church who sang h y m n s in honour of St. Teresa, during t h e procession.

Some of t h e w o m e n processionists bearing the statue adorned with roses emblematic of ' T h e Little F l o w e r /

Statue of S t . Teresa borne aloft in procession by young ladies of t h e parish.

n p RfehoD Devals in the centre w i t h Rev. Frs. H.*.. raw** Verbois and Laurent.

_ V ~ I

UÂŤp

P A T

Fr.

St. Dominic's Cell at Santa Sabina, Rome.

Cirdo* and Printed by Lithographers Limited. 37/38. Wallich Street. Singapore,

SS.

OCTOBER 12, 1935, VOL 01, N0 41  

DEMOCRACY OR DICTATORSHIP? POLITICAL LIBERTY TRUE AND FALSE.

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