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r£HE work of t h e Catholic papers has been most praiseworthy. They have been an effective auxiliary to the pulpit in spreading t h e Faith.— Pope

The Malaya Catholic Leader. By By By By By By

Benedict XV.

OFFICIAL

ORGAN

OF

P U B L I S H E D

,20 Pages.

N o . 39.

S I N G A P O R E ,

CATHOLIC

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S A T U R D A Y ,

28th

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1935.

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SILVER JUBILEE OF THE CHURCH OF THE SACRED HEART, SINGAPORE AN INTERESTING RETROSPECT. RAPID

PROGRESS IN YEARS.

TWENTY-FIVE

By t h e t i m e t h i s article a p p e a r s j a m o u n t in 1910) was s p e n t on t h e in the p a p e r , final p r e p a r a t i o n s | C h u r c h building, t h e principal will have been completed for t h e s u b s c r i b e r s according t o t h e m a r b l e celebrations in an a p p r o p r i a t e m a n - t a b l e t s at t h e Church, w e r e : ner of t h e Silver J u b i l e e of t h e Mr. C h a n Teck H e e . Church of t h e Sacred H e a r t , on t h e Mr. Low Kiok C h i a n g . 29th S e p t e m b e r 1935. T h e original Mr. Cheong Quee T h e a m . date, t h e 8 t h September, h a d to T h e t h r e e coloured window-panes be postponed to t h e l a t e r d a t e in were p r e s e n t e d by t h e following:— deference t o t h e w i s h e s of H i s S t . J o s e p h , by Mr. K i a m Hoa Excellency, Bishop A . Devals, w h o Heng. had expressed a wish t o b e p r e s e n t Sacred H e a r t , b y Mr. Low personally a t t h e c e l e b r a t i o n s . Kiok Chiang. Nearly $2,000 h a v e b e e n s u b s B . V. M a r y , by M r . B u a n Hoa cribed b y t h e p a r i s h i o n e r s , a n d of Seng. this s u m a b o u t $1,200 h a v e been The Central Altar was presented expended on r e p a i r s t o t h e roof by M r . C h a n Teck Hee. and t h e ceiling and t h e whole ediM r . L o w Kiok C h i a n g p r e s e n t e d fice h a s been given a n e w coat of t h e t e a k pews which w e r e m a d e in paint and colour w a s h , p r e s e n t i n g and b r o u g h t down from B a n g k o k , a neat appearance, i n t e r i o r l y a s Mr. L i m Sin T a t t h e B a p t i s m a l well as exteriorly. F o n t . T h e o u t s t a n d i n g benefactor SHORT HISTORY OF THE CHURCH. of t h e C h u r c h w a s t h e l a t e Mr. The h i s t o r y of t h e C h u r c h is a Chan Teck Hee of W a t e r l o o S t r e e t , Interior View of the Church of brief one, t h e foundation s t o n e w a s Singapore, w h o besides g i v i n g laid on t h e 1 4 t h J u n e 1908 a n d t h e liberally in c a s h a n d kind, also over flowing, s p r e a d i n g o v e r t h e Church w a s blessed b y t h e late b o u g h t and t r a n s f e r r e d t o t h e little compound from t h e G r o t t o Bishop Barillon on t h e 1 1 t h Sep- Bishop of Malacca f o r t h e u s e of and on t o t h e land a n d t o t h e road. tember 1910. P r i o r t o t h e y e a r t h e C h u r c h t h e buildings on t h e Coincidentally t h e w r i t e r w a s chosleft h a n d side of t h e C h u r c h a n d 1910 all Chinese Catholics s h a r e d en t o be t h e announcer of t h e the Church of SS. P e t e r a n d P a u l , also a piece of land f r o n t i n g t h e old varied p r o g r a m m e carried o u t w i t h Railway Station, a t T a n k Road. Queen S t r e e t , and i t w a s evident m u t h success and h e w a s also dethat with t h e rapid g r o w t h of t h e THE P R I N C I P A L EVENTS. puted t o r e a d out t h e a d d r e s s Catholic population, a n e w C h u r c h The notable events in t h e h i s t o r y I printed on silk in t h e E n g l i s h lanhad to be built, a n d Rev. g a t h e r of t h e C h u r c h w e r e : | guage. Rev. F a t h e r R u a u d e l feliGazeau w h o w a s in c h a r g e of t h e (1) 6 0 t h B i r t h d a y of F a t h e r I citated t h e Rev. F a t h e r on t h e Hakkas a n d t h e C a n t o n e s e b e g a n Gazeau. occasion, congratulated t h e o r g a to devise m e a n s to r a i s e a building On t h e 23rd day of J a n u a r y 1921 nisers on t h e success of t h e i r a r fund and t o look r o u n d for a suit- the Rev. F a t h e r celebrated h i s 60th r a n g e m e n t s a n d said h e w a s v e r y able site. W h y t h e p r e s e n t site b i r t h d a y . It gave t h e p a r i s h i o n e r s pleased w i t h t h e i r sincere a n d was chosen nobody s e e m s t o know, an o p p o r t u n i t y to d e m o n s t r a t e unfeigned affection for t h e i r p a s t o r but we m a y rest a s s u r e d F a t h e r t h e i r g r e a t love, respect, reverence, who loved t h e m and laboured for Gazeau h a d his r e a s o n s for secur- and appreciation of t h e work of a them. T h e Rev. F a t h e r briefly ing it. T h e Rev. F a t h e r L a m b e r t , m a n who had done so m u c h for replied in t h e H a k k a dialect in an eminent a r c h i t e c t p r e p a r e d t h e t h e m . T h e w r i t e r still recollects which h e w a s v e r y proficient. A n Plan, but m a n y of t h e d e t a i l s had with g r e a t pleasure t h e t r e m e n d o u s o u t s t a n d i n g f e a t u r e d u r i n g t h e had to be altered in t h e course of e n t h u s i a s m of everybody y o u n g lifetime of F a t h e r Gazeau w a s t h e construction. A s u m of a b o u t and old a t t h e functions. T h e r e m a r k a b l y large n u m b e r of com$50,000 (a not inconsiderable small parochial hall w a s packed to municants daily and on S u n d a y s and Holy d a y s . T h e late B i s h o p Barillon used to point t h i s o u t t o t h e p ari s h i o n ers of o t h e r C h u r c h e s when e x h o r t i n g t h e m to receive Holy Communion often. T h e large increase in t h e parishioners of t h e j Church also m e r i t s a t t e n t i o n . In j 1910 t h e r e w e r e 200 m e m b e r s a n d in 1927 t h e r e were 1,500, a n d t h e SOLE AGENTS: present congregation n u m b e r s well over 2,150. ;

ANCHOR

SIME D A R B Y 8c CO.. LTD. SINGAPORE

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The Sacred Heart, Singapore.

Merel celebrated his Golden J u b i l e e on 2 9 t h J u n e 1929. A l t h o u g h h e h a d been only a few y e a r s w i t h t h e p a r i s h h e h a d already won t h e affection of t h e p a r i s h i o n e r s a s w a s d e m o n s t r a t e d a t t h e celebrations. His Grace w a s p r e s e n t e d b y t h e m e m b e r s of t h e C h u r c h w i t h a clock and a w a l k i n g stick, v e r y a p p r o p r i a t e gifts for a n old m a n . T H E

CHOIR.

T h e h i s t o r y of t h e C h u r c h will not be complete w i t h o u t reference t o t h e Choir. T h e late Rev. F a t h e r J. M. Vey w a s t h e F o u n d e r of t h e (Continued

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Golden Jubilee of H i s Grace t h e late Archbishop Merel. His Grace t h e late A r c h b i s h o p •i*


MALAYA

Press Gleanings by

The Infection of War. The minds of many are busy calculating the possible effects on other nations if a waf^Jetwreen Italy and Abyssinia. The interests likely to be affected are subjected to close examination. The possibility of sanctions being invoked and the result of such an action is widely discussed and e v e n the repercussions ambiig the coloured people outside Africa^are being observed—all with the purpose^ of anticipating whether the area of conflict will be extended. But in a matter of this kind legal and political considerations are less important than the psychological factors. War is a highly infectious disease. It creates an atmosphere which even genuine lovers of peace find hard to resist. A war of wanton aggression such as this would ;be, lowers the authority of that moral code which acts a s a restrain^ ing influence^ on nations. To gauge the outcome of war in East Africa we must look less to the calculated policies of statesmen than to the passions roused by the sight of blood. That is where the danger lies.

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CATHOLIC L E A D E R ,

Air

SATURDAY, 28th SEPTEMBER, 1935.

Mail

ture because it is Catholic. It is not their national culture, they are a pure Phoenician and Carthaginian stock, with slight later admixtures from many sources. , They do not, however, profess to desire Italian rule. Their demands seem reasonable enough, at first sight, but every government knows that literary and artistic movements cannnot in practice be separated from political aspirations. The revival, last century, of the Catalan Floral Feasts was the curtain behind which the nationalist movement was born. The Welsh Eisteddfods will ultimately incarnate a political movemen^ The Irish language movement was political. There are other examples. So the Nationalists can hardly blame the government for fearing that the pro-Italian literary movement will also become political.

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separate schools for Jews might not have been unacceptable to the Jewish i community, but when it is seen for what |. it is, another act of repression, it becomes intolerable. The Jewish problem will not be solved by harshness and injustice. There is a Jewish problem, due to their separate national and religious consciousness, but Nazi measures accentuate it, for they aim at inculcating a sense of inferiority in Jewish minds. It would be far better, even from the German standpoint, to come to a proper understanding with the Jewish leaders, and to draw up a charter of rights and duties, mutually agreed, and binding on both sides. In this way the two races could at least live in peace side by side, without this constant persecution and bad feeling, the full effects of which may one day become very serious for Germany. It is too late to repress the Jews and unthinkable that they should be denied the right to live in any Christian state. (Catholic Times, Sept 13.) A PRESSING PROBLEM. The Archbishop of Westminster's contributions to the discussion also obtained wide notice, A s the Sunday Times says, His Grace "speaks with special authority, for part of his career was spent among African natives, and

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THEY A B U S E DEMOCRACY. Democracy is so easily abused by a well organised minority, and that is its fatal weakness. The exploiter is not exposed and punished, and scandals are

CIVILISATION'S NERVOUS d^ENSION. Nothing could illustrate better the difference between the pre-war world and that of* to-day than the contrast between the indifference with which 0,ther nations regarded-<rar p w n colonial wars and the acute anxiety and busy diplomacy that has cccompanied the course of events in the Italo-Abyssinian quarrel. Humanity is now an organism and the close connection between the different parts of this organism has set up a state of nervous tension lest what in other days would have been a minor campaign prove to be the beginning of a world-wide conflict. Nor is it merely the white race which is affected. The fact that Spain fears a rising of Moroccan tribesmen in sympathy with Abyssinia has a sinister significance. And there are other indications that Africa as a whole is watching Italy's treatment of the people inhabiting the North-East Highlands of the continent. Even ttfia United States, despite the "isolationist" policy which it pursues, cannot remain unaffected. The fact that it contains a large, race-conscious negro population is only one factor linking it with Africa and the events now taking place thejp. For good or for evil, we are no loBfeer isolated units, but "members one of another."

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Silver Jubilee of t h e Church of The Sacred Heart. {Continued

Rev Fr H. Duvelle who has recently honoured by H.H. the Sultan of Johore. Born in" Paris in 1874, Fr. Duvelle arrived in the mission in 1897 and has laboured among the Faithful of Johore for the past 26 years One of his uncles was a Jesuit Priest in the China Missions, while many of our readers will doubtless remember his brother, the late Fr. L. Duvelle who was in turn attached to the Church of St. John, the Evangelist, K.L., the Church of the Assumption, Penang and the Cathedral of the Good Shepherd, Singapore. One of his sisters, still living, was for some twenty years, a religious, in Addis-Ababa, Abyssima.

If ?s difficult to express the reverent Jove w e fee! for those w h o are gone. A funeral here and a Symbol of remembrance aid and comfort the bereaved.

•IB ST WATCH

THE POPE AND PEACE. In most churches on Sunday prayers were asked for a peaceful solution of the difficulties of the present international situation, one of the most menacing and at the same time perplexing within living memory. We note with some hope the reception given by nonCatholics to the statements issued by the Holy Father on the subject, and to the letters addressed to The Times by His Grace the Archbishop of Westminster. The Holy Father said, as the Guardian paraphrases it "that an unjust aggressive war of conquest was unspeakably horrible; if Italy has a just claim for expansion, she should obtain justice by other means than war. So he teaches principles, not politics, and he asked for prayers for peacemakers." The Spectator remarks that "a war undertaken by Italy in Abyssinia under present conditions would fall inevitably within the terms of the Pope^s condemnation. That no doubt was why only truncated versions of his address were allowed publication in the Italian Press." Be this as it may, it remains a fact that the Holy Father's remarks were truncated in the Italian Press. (The Universe, Sept. 13).

MALTA, ITALY A N D ENGLAND. The bitterness which exists between Italy and Great Britain has brought Malta into the limelight. Italian propasrandists have been treating the famous siege of Malta in 1565 as an Italian victory, and the Maltese Nationalists have^ turned favourable ears to Italian propaganda in the -past. If we understand the Nationalists, th^v want the Italian language and cul-

A. SYMBOL

iiie*i» THE

hushed up by interested parties. Gradually the knowledge spreads that there are "pickings" for the favoured ones in politics. , One of the commonest arguments on the Communist platforms is the abuse of political power for class ends by Capitalists, and we cannot deny that the Communists can make a good case out of the scandals of the past and present. The idea is gaining ground that politics is a dirty game. Yet politicians are the lawmakers when they are in power. Can we wonder, then, that contempt for law and the forms of law is becoming more and more general? The new motoring laws, for example, are ignored and flouted. It is a very bad and serious weakness, which wiil spread in time to other spheres. There is no way of checking this deterioration except by inculcating a stroncr moral sense, religious training in other words, and by education. THE JEWS IN GERMANY. As an act of consideration for their religious feelings the Nazi scheme of

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he was largely concerned with the direction of the missionary work of his Church." The Archbishop, "also suggests as the ultimate solution of the present difficulties the revision and extension of Mandates—a 'timely understanding about Africa, more largehearted than the Berlin Act of 1885, and that of Brussels in 1890/ This view seems to be coming more and more into favour." His Grace hints at a wider form of collective membership under the League. "If" the Guardian remarks, "war is mercifully averted, the claims of Italy for expansion must be heard. It will be no good pointing to Belgium, Holland, England or other countries more thickly populated than Italy, or to Libya and other undeveloped Italian possessions; Italy claims more room, and countries which hold undeveloped territory must listen to her and convince her by action or by reason that she will be fairly treated. This is going" to be one of several such problems that the world will have to meet, for Germany and Japan will expect to have their claims heard too."

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Choir. P r i o r t o t h e erection and completion of t h e C h u r c h a t Tank Road, F a t h e r Vey g a t h e r e d a handful of H a k k a s a n d Cantonese boys a n d t a u g h t t h e m t o s i n g Church music over t h e small pedal orsran, out of t h a t g r o u p of budding C h o i r i s t e r s only M e s s r s . Seow Seet Y o n g a n d L e e Seng rem a i n w i t h t h e Choir to-day. The f o r m e r is t h e p r e s e n t organist and Choir m a s t e r and t h e l a t t e r assista n t Choir m a s t e r . M r . Seow Seet Y o n g a f t e r t h e r e t i r e m e n t of F a t h e r Vey in t h e y e a r 1911 continued t h e difficult t a s k of training b o t h boys and m e n m e m b e r s of the Choir, and w i t h indomitable coura g e a n d relentless persistence he h a s not only m a d e h i s members efficient in t h e s i n g i n g of t h e plain c h a n t , b u t also musical mass, etc. T h e Choir can b o a s t of several i n s t r u m e n t a l i s t s w h o a r e members of t h e Singapore Musical Society. Mr. Seow Seet Y o n g h a s also composed a special piece in honour of S a i n t G r e g o r y t h e P a t r o n Saint of t h e Choir. I n t h e y e a r 1920 owing to an increase in membership, Mr. Seow Seet Y o n g advocated the extension of t h e s i n g i n g gallery which had been m a d e possible to-day b y t h e kind support of the m e m b e r s of t h e congregation. (A Parishioner).


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DOWNSIDE'S GREAT DAY. a g r e a t Benedictine abbey, w i t h its The beautiful c h u r c h of t h e spreading m a s s of buildings, its Benedictine a b b e y a t Downside, in cloister, and above all its noble Somersetshire, is now a hallowed church, h a d given t h e m one of t h e building in t h e fullest sense of t h a t most impressive days in t h e i r exterm, c o n s e c r a t e d for all time t o perience. And certainly t h e conthe service of God. A f t e r fifty secration h a s h a d a very " good years of building, t h i s monastic press." church, o n e of t h e m o s t stately in Reference h a s been m a d e to t h e England, w a s r e a d y for consecra- Archbishops a n d Bishops present, tion; t h a t consoling ceremony w a s in themselves a goodly company, long p r e p a r e d for, a n d is now, a c - numerically. B u t t h e detail m u s t SINCE 1866 complishednot be o m i t t e d t h a t one of t h e s e Not Catholics alone h a v e been Archbishops g a v e a second Prince interested in t h e event. When one j of t h e C h u r c h to t h e g a t h e r i n g . opened a London evening paper, a J F r o m Ireland t h e Archbishop of few h o u r s only a f t e r t h e comple- | A r m a g h , His Eminence Cardinal tion of t h e ceremonies in t h e W e s t , | MacRory, c a m e to Downside t o and found a n e n t i r e p a g e given t o consecrate one of t h e nineteen an illustrated account, it almost a l t a r s , t h e A l t a r of Blessed Oliver seemed a s if, for once, newspaper- Plunket, t h e m a r t y r e d Archbishop dom r e g a r d e d a Catholic function of t h a t s a m e See, whose -eiies a r e as of high i m p o r t a n c e in t h e d a y ' s a t Downside, except t h e head, doings—by t h e criterion of space, which is v e n e r a t e d in Ireland as i m p o r t a n t a s t h e deliberations itself. MAKE at Geneva. A n d t r u l y t h e function CARDINAL SEREDI. was an i m p o r t a n t o n e ; it was also G O O D WATCHES H u n g a r y ' s P r i m a t e , t h e most a significant one, for it sooke elodistinguished figure a t t h e Downquently of still f u r t h e r progress in ASK Y O U R DEALER the r e s t o r a t i o n of Catholic life in side g a t h e r i n g , h a s won golden T O S H O W Y O U T H E LATEST England. T h e r e t u r n of t h e reli- opinions on his visit t o t h i s coungious O r d e r s t o t h e c o u n t r y is now t r y . Tireless in energy, Cardinal an old s t o r y , d a t i n g back to t h e j Seredi found t i m e to pay visits to time of t h e F r e n c h Revolution; b u t J Douai Abbey a n d t o Oxford and not until r e c e n t y e a r s h a s it b e e n j C a n t e r b u r y , as well as to several of Y O U WILL LIKE IT. possible t o build on English soil t h e English Benedictine houses, d u r i n g t h e few d a y s which interm o n a s t e r y c h u r c h e s which need A G O O D TIME PIECE not fear comparison on architec- vened between h i s a r r i v a l a n d t h e j date of t h e consecration. A t DownAT A L O W PRICE t u r a l g r o u n d s , w i t h some of t h e celebrated a b b e y s of pre-Reforma- | side h e exhibited no t r a c e of fatiA G E N T S : tion d a y s . T h o s e noble buildings, gue in spite of t h e long and a r d u o u s c h a r a c t e r of ceremonies b e g i n n i n g Tintern, a n d F o u n t a i n s , and R i e vaulx, a n d m a n y m o r e — a r e l o - d a y early in t h e m o r n i n g a n d l a s t i n g standing only in r u i n ; b u t in t h e i r for six h o u r s . This p a r t i c u l a r SINGAPORE place t h e n e w abbey churches a r e t r a i t in His E m i n e n c e — h a s s t r u c k t h e English p r e s s m e n a s a n cutrising, spacious a n d m a g n i f i c e n t . Buckfast A b b e y c h u r c h is built a n d s t a n d i n g quality. T h e y h a v e widely consecrated; Douai is building • t h e commented on it. Himself a Benedictine, t h e CarCistercian a b b e y c h u r c h of M o u n t St. B e r n a r d is in process of en- dinal w a s on s t r a n g e g r o u n d , relil a r g e m e n t ; a n d now t h e splendid giously, w h e n h e found himself fabric a t Downside h a s received i t s a m o n g t h e black m o n k s h e r e in England, w h e t h e r a t Downside or consecration. The scene a t t h e abbey w a s a a t t h e London house in Ealing. memoraDie one. W i t h a u e a n d Moreover, a s t h e Abbot of Downside recalled in t h e m e s s a g e of welsoiexnn c e r e m o n y , t n e P r i m a t e of JOURNALISTS IN CONFERENCE. come t o His Eminence, E n g l a n d and t h e p r o m o t i o n of peace. Also, Hungary, i l l s E m i n e n c e Cardinal he laid s t r e s s on t h e irreligious OUZHLUULI £>ereai, p e r i o r m e d trie and H u n g a r y h a v e a link by, t h e and i m m o r a l tendencies of m a n y consecration, in t h e presence of a n fact t h a t in b o t h lands t h e BeneT h e I n s t i t u t e of J o u r n a l i s t s h a v e p r e s e n t - d a y p a p e r s , on t h e wi^ve illustrious c o m p a n y of A r c h b i - dictines, in t h e long p a s t , h a d a held t h e i r Conference t h i s y e a r in of n e o - p a g a n i s m which h a s to b e snops, B i s h o p s a n d p r e l a t e s of all large s h a r e in f r a m i n g t h e laws of London. fThe event is not, of combated a n d overcome, a n d on rariKs, a s well a s p r o m i n e n t Catholic t h e c o u n t r y a n d in f o r m i n g t h e course, of essentially Catholic in- the need for a p u r g i n g of t h e P r e s s c h a r a c t e r of t h e people. I t w a s layioiK. T n e ciergy p r e s e n t , secular t e r e s t ; m a n y creeds a r e r e p r e s e n t - from c e r t a i n objectionable p r a c ana regular, n u m b e r e d m a n y s c o r e s ; t h e ever-remembered glory of ed a m o n g t h e delegates tltem- tices, a m a t t e r in which t h e I n s t i H u n g a r y t h a t b y repelling t h e intne s p e c t a t o r s d r a w n to t n e n e i g h i selves, and religion, a s such, does t u t e of J o u r n a l i s t s h a s t a k e n t h e bournood of t h e abbey by t h e i n t e - vading infidel s h e saved *he faith ! not come into t h e i r official p r o - lead. and civilization of C h r i s t i a n E u rest of t h e occasion r a n i n t o gramme. But at t h e same time A t t h e M a s s a t Ely Place, t h e hundreus. N o t f a r from t h e a b b e y rope. m a n y of t h e j o u r n a l i s t s a r e C a t h o - Lord M a y o r of London, a n d t h e * * * • • * itself, a l m o s t s h e l t e r i n g , in fact, lics, particularly in t h e cases of ANOTHER CONSECRATION. Lady Mayoress, were among those under t h e p r o t e c t i v e shade of t h e t h o s e from Ireland. Also, t h e in t h e l a r g e congregation. Of a different and a personal monastic p r e c i n c t s , is a c h a r m i n g another consecration journalistic calling is one in which village, S t r a t t o n - o n - t h e - F o s s e . On character, ceremony impends which will t a k e questions of moral d u t y a r e inthe m o r n i n g w h e n Downside Abbey a n u m b e r of distinguished prelates volved, and h e r e t h e Catholic Church w a s consecrated, t h e good A WORLD-FAMED CANONIST. j o u r n a l i s t m a y well be expected t o to N o r t h Wales. The episcopal people of S t r a t t o n m u s t have been show t h e way. /Therefore it w a s consecration of t h e new Bishop of visited by e v e r y m a k e of m o t o r n a t u r a l t h a t d u r i n g t h e Conference car known over h e r e in t h a t Menevia, Dr. Michael M c G r a t h , is week t h e r e should be special functo be performed, on S e p t e m b e r 24, ; industry! E n g l a n d h a s j u s t now an illustriby t h e Archbishop of Cardiff, t h e tions a r r a n g e d for t h e p r e s s m e n The a s s e m b l y a t Downside, it Most. Rev. Dr. Mostyn, who h a s of our faith. (These functions ous v i s i t o r f r o m a b r o a d in t h e p e r son of t h e V e r y Rev. D r . P h i l i p need h a r d l y be said, w a s not ex- himself completed forty y e a r s as w e r e t w o : a special Mass a n d Maroto, C.M.F., S u p e r i o r - G e n e r a l clusively Catholic. F o r one t h i n g , a Bishop. W a l e s has been re- sermon a t t h e ancient church of there w e r e t h e non-Catholic p r e s s m a r k a b l y h a p p y in h e r Catholic St. E t h e l d r e d a , Ely Place, t h e only of t h e C l a r e t i a n F a t h e r s . D r . representatives. M a n y of t h e s e prelates, u n d e r whose care t h e pre-Reformation c h u r c h in London Maroto's f a m e a s a C a n o n i s t is men, in all likelihood, w e r e of P r o - country h a s m a d e g r e a t advances, which is again in Catholic u s e ; a n d world-wide. H e is a C o n s u l t c r t o testant s y m p a t h i e s . T h e y w e n t especially in t h e industrial centres, a reception a t Archbishop's House, several of t h e R o m a n C o n g r e g a down to S o m e r s e t n o t to scoff, n o r in t h e way of Catholic recovery. W e s t m i n s t e r , w h e r e t h e Catholic tions, a d o c t o r b o t h of Civil a n d for t h a t m a t t e r did t h e y r e m a i n t o As Dr. M c G r a t h is a fluent speaker j o u r n a l i s t s h e a r d a s t i r r i n g a d d r e s s Canon L a w s , a n d a c o n t r i b u t o r t o m a n y l e a r n e d r e v i e w s . T h e ClaPray: j o u r n a l i s t i c m o v e m e n t s a r e in Welsh, he comes to t h e Menevia from Dr. Hinsley. H i s Grace took too hurried. B u t t o t h e i r Catholic diocese with a n additional power in t h e o p p o r t u n i t y t o e m p h a s i s e t h e r e t i a n s h a v e t w o h o u s e s n e a r Loncolleagues some of t h e s e p r e s s m e n t h e work of p r e p a r i n g t h e Conver- influence of t h e P r e s s , If r i g h t l y d o n — a t H a y e s , Middlesex, and a t employed, in t h e a v e r t i n g of w a r L o u g h t o n , E s s e x . confessed t h a t t h e i r first s i g h t of sion of Wales.

ROSKOPF

1

T

ROSKOPF-BATOU

U WEILL & MONTOR LTD.u ROSKOPF BATOU

3


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 28th SEPTEMBER, 1935.

G enera/ Jottings of the M^eeL Co* CONFERENCE OF INCORP O R A T E D SOCIETY OF PLANTERS.

The Incorporated Society of P l a n t e r s held a conference a t Malacca on S e p t . 21st. M r S. B. P a l m e r , P r e s i d e n t of t h e U n i t e d P l a n t e r s ' Association of M a l a y a w a s applauded for t h e v e r y notable s p e e c h h e delivered. T h e U . P . A. M. i s t h e Senior o r g a n i s a t i o n a n d so M r . P a l m e r a s s u r e d t h e I. S. P . t h a t h i s Association w a s willing t o co-operate w i t h it in " S e r v i n g t h e t r u e i n t e r e s t s of t h e p l a n t i n g i n d u s t r i e s of M a l a y a . " DR.

HICKEY

HONOURED.

D r . Hickey, f o r m e r p r e s i d e n t of t h e M a l a y a n R u g b y Union, w a s h o n o u r e d a t R e n g a m on S a t u r d a y by t h e South Johore Rugby Football Club. T r i b u t e w a s paid t o t h e u n f a i l i n g help h e h a d a l w a y s given t o t h e Club. T h e p r e s e n t a t i o n took t h e f o r m of a Silver C i g a r box. D r . Hickey goes h o m e on leave s h o r t l y . H i s H i g h n e s s t h e S u l t a n of Johore has appointed Dr. J. J. H i c k e y a J u s t i c e of t h e P e a c e for t h e S t a t e of J o h o r e . LOCAL ORATORICAL CONTEST. In the Oratorical Contest a r r a n g e d to b e held a t t h e T o w n Hall on t h e 2 7 t h S e p t e m b e r , u n d e r t h e auspices of t h e S i n g a p o r e A n t i Opium Society t h e following Catholic schools took p a r t . T h e C o n v e n t of t h e Holy I n f a n t J e s u s . L e Mercier*s School, St. J o s e p h ' s I n s t i t u t i o n , S t . P a t r i c k ' s School. A N ACQUISITION FOR S E L A N GOR SOCCER. M r . J . J . S h e e h a n , newly a p pointed Secretary to the Resident of Selangor, is p r o v i n g a n acquisit i o n t o S e l a n g o r Soccer circles in t h e capacity of a first class r e feree. H e t o o k c h a r g e of t h e C u p final l a s t week b e t w e e n t h e K u a l a Rovers and T h e Tamils. GIRLS'

SPORTS

CLUB.

T h e S i n g a p o r e Girls' Sports Club held a n ' A t H o m e ' f o r t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n of prizes won in t h e annual tennis tournament. M r s . da Silva, m o t h e r of Dr. (Miss) G. d a Silva, P r e s i d e n t of t h e Club g a v e a w a y t h e t r o p h i e s . M i s s H . J e n k i n s a n d p a r t n e r won t h e H a n d i c a p Doubles. Miss C. E s s obtained 2nd prize in t h e B . H a n d i c a p Singles. STEVE DONOUGHUE STILL IN FORM. Steve Donoughue, riding M u s e u m , w i n n e r of t h e I r i s h 2.000 g u i n e a s D e r b y , also won t h e I r i s h S t . L e g e r b y t w o a n d a half lengths. D o n o u g h u e is t h e oldest of t h e well-known j o c k e y s r i d i n g to-dayH.E. THE GOVERNOR ENTERT A I N E D B Y LG.P. A N D S T A F F . T h e Hon. M r . R. H. O n r a e t Acti n g I n s p e c t o r General of Police, S.S., and Officers of t h e S.S. Police F o r c e e n t e r t a i n e d H i s E x cellency t h e G o v e r n o r to d i n n e r a t t h e Officers' Mess, Police Depot, T h o m s o n R o a d on t h e 19th i n s t a n t .

S I S T E R ST. H O R T E N S E CONVALESCENT.

S i s t e r St. H o r t e n s e , from t h e P e n a n g Convent, w a s in Singapore q u i t e recently t o u n d e r g o a n operation a t t h e General Hospital. During t h e period of convalescence she received visits from n u m e r o u s old pupils a n d friends- T h e good Sister w a s first s t a t i o n e d in Singapore for a g r e a t n u m b e r of y e a r s before h e r t r a n s f e r t o P e n a n g . She a p p e a r s to h a v e s h a k e n off t h e effects of h e r recent indisposition. "NO PRIEST, NO OPERATION." I r e m e m b e r ( w r o t e Bishop Chisholm, of Aberdeen, in his L e n t e n P a s t o r a l some t i m e b a c k ) , a good Catholic doctor w a s lying d a n g e r ously ill. His b r o t h e r - p r a c t i t i o n e r , one of t h e most skilful in t h e city, c a m e t o perform a serious operation. " W a i t a m i n u t e , " said t h e Catholic doctor t o t h e o t h e r , w h o w a s p r e p a r e d to begin operations. " I expect t h e p r i e s t every m i nute." " O h , " said t h e o t h e r , "we don't w a n t one of t h o s e black-coated g e n t l e m e n about u s ! H e will only d i s t u r b you and p u t t h e f e a r of hell i n t o you. W e shall g e t on much better without t h e priest." T h e Catholic's reply w a s " N o priest no o p e r a t i o n . " A t t h a t m o m e n t t h e p r i e s t ent e r e d ; where-upon t h e i r a t e opei-ater r e t i r e d , m u t t e r i n g t h a t h e would n o t b e responsible for t h e consequences. T h e consequences w e r e t h a t w hen h e r e t u r n e d t o t h e room h e found t h e p a t i e n t in so wonderful a s t a t e of c o n t e n t a n d h a p p y r e s i g n a t i o n t h a t it g a v e h i m e v e r y c h a n c e t o m a k e t h e oper a t i o n successful—as it w a s , a n d indeed a s , of course, it m i g h t h a v e been, w h e t h e r o r no. B u t ever a f t e r w a r d s , w h e n t h a t doctor w a s called t o a Catholic p a t i e n t h i s first question . w a s , ' H a v e you s e n t for t h e p r i e s t ? " A n d if h e h a d not, h e would s a y , "Well, send f o r him a n d t h e n I'll cure y o u . " Doct o r s a r e b e g i n n i n g to realise t h i s fact n o w a d a y s a n d a c t up t o it. I wish it were b e t t e r known. r

CONSECRATION SIDE ABBEY

OF DOWNCHURCH.

We must t h a n k t h e Straits Times for p u b l i s h i n g to t h e int e n s e satisfaction of all its C a t h o lic subscribers and r e a d e r s t h r e e large pictures of t h e Consecration of t h e Downside A b b e y C h u r c h in E n g l a n d by t h e Pope's Delegate, Cardinal Seredi of H u n g a r y . Being a Benedictine P r i n c e of t h e C h u r c h h e w a s specially selected to bless t h i s Benedictine foundation. T h e ceremony w a s p e r f o r m ed on S e p t e m b e r 12th. Cardinal McRory of Ireland a t t e n d e d a n d almost every Archbishop in E n g l a n d , Scotland a n d Wales w a s present. London's Lord M a y o r j o u r n e y e d from t h e Metropolis for t h e occasion. Sir H u g h Clifford's home is a few miles from Downside Abbey. CATHOLIC ADMIRAL R E T I R E S . Vice Admiral Im T h u r n who was recently received into t h e Catholic C h u r c h while holding a M e d i t e r r a n e a n Command, h a s r e tired from t h e Service.

is the time to lay the foundation NOW I of Baby's future health —on Cow & Gate he will grow to strong and healthy manhood ! Cow & Gate builds bone, flesh and tissue in correct and normal proportions, is a complete Food —rich in Vitamin

COW & GATE MILK FOOD T H E BEST M I L K FOR B A B I E S W H E N N A T U R A L F E E D I N G

FAITS

73

Agents for South Malaya, B.N. Borneo & Sarawak:

JACKSON & CO., LTD., 55, Robinson Road, Singapore.

IDLE

CHILDREN.

One of t h e c r y i n g sins of t h e a g e is idle children. T h a t so m a n y boys a n d girls go w r o n g is t r a c e able to t h a t fact. Young and energetic, a n d w i t h n o t h i n g t o do, it is only t o be expected t h a t children* will g e t into mischief. Men a n d w o m e n who a r e idle a r e c e r t a i n t o do w r o n g , if t h a t w r o n g is no g r e a t e r t h a n a w a s t e of t h e i r m e n t a l a n d physical forces. T h a t will cripple t h e i r usefulness, a n d finally cause a d e g e n e r a t i o n of body a n d m i n d . To t h i n k n o t h i n g is a s bad a s t o do n o t h i n g . T h e m i n d is left t o catch all t h e t r a s h t h a t h a p p e n s to float t h a t w a y . T h e body n o t exercised w a s t e s a w a y , a n d w e a k e n i n g goes t o destruction. N o one c a n s t a n d still. H e m u s t move f o r w a r d , o r d r o p b a c k w a r d ; h e m u s t advance, o r h e m u s t r e t r e a t . H e will b e r u n o v e r if h e a t t e m p t s to s t a n d still. T h e m i n d is t h e s a m e w a y . I t m u s t b e occupied, or else it will b u r s t w i t h t h r a s h , a n d inflationOn t h e o t h e r hand, it is plainly seen t h a t a m i n d filled w i t h good t h o u g h t s c a n n o t t a k e u p t h e evil ones. K n o w i n g these t h i n g s , w h y do not t h o s e w h o have t h e c a r e of girls, boys, a n d smaller children, feel it is a d u t y t o p r o v ' d e thought-food a s well a s body-food for t h e m ? W h y not establish t h e old, long-time-ago fireside and t e a c h y o u r children i n s t e a d of t u r n i n g t h e m loose on t h e comm u n i t y half t h o u g h t - c l a d ? A

NAZI

AFFRONT.

Mr. Sean Lester, t h e H i g h Commissioner r e p r e s e n t i n g t h e L e a g u e of N a t i o n s in Danzig w h o w a s recently subjected to a n affront in h i s own house in Danzig by t h e Nazi P r e s i d e n t of t h e Da/izig S e n a t e , on September 3rd is an I r i s h m a n a n d belongs t o t h e F r e e State. BEAUTY

IN

MEXICO.

T h e b e a u t y of t h e Mexican w o m a n consists in s u p e r b black eyes, fine and very a b u n d a n t d a r k hair, lovely a r m s a n d e x t r a o r d i narily beautiful h a n d s and feet. T h e Indian w o m a n s o m e t i m e s a d d s t o t h e s e p o i n t s of b e a u t y a perfect figure, d a r k b u t glowing complexion and t e e t h like snow. DR. D U T T A A P P O I N T E D TO MALAYAN MEDICAL SERVICE. Dr. A. C. D u t t a h a s been a p pointed t o be a medical officer, Malayan Medical Service.

DETAILS OF THE MURDER OF FATHER BIRON. S T R A N G L E D TO D E A T H WITH CHAIN. Peiping, Sept. 11. Details concerning the tragic d e a t h of F a t h e r Biron, who was m u r d e r e d r e c e n t l y near Kiating, in Szechuen, h a v e now reached Peiping, states the Agentia Lumen. T h e D e t a i l s w e r e continued in a letter s e n t t o Monsignor Renault, Vicar Apostolic of Suifu, in Szechuen by F a t h e r Boisguern. T h e l e t t e r s t a t e s t h a t , on August 25, a m e s s e n g e r reached Mapien w i t h t h e n e w s t h a t F a t h e r Piron h a d been killed in t h e Lolo country a t 11 a.m. on A u g u s t , 20. Some b r i g a n d s laid in wait for h i m n e a r h i s h o u s e , t h e i r intention being t o seize h i m and hold him to r a n s o m . T h e y c a u g h t him, bound t i g h t l y a n d chained him by the neck. I n t h i s m a n n e r he was d r a g g e d along for several li. F o r s o m e reason unknown, but probably because h e either could itot k e e p u p w i t h his captors or offered s o m e resistance, he was b r u t a l l y s t r a n g l e d with t h e chain about h i s neck. Following on t h e heels of the m e s s e n g e r , t h e body, carried by w o r k m e n a n d Lolos, was borne into Mapien. F a t h e r B i r o n ' s residence was completely pillaged by t h e briga n d s . A b o u t 15 workmen and some C h r i s t i a n s were able to escape f r o m t h e village before the a r r i v a l of t h e brigands, b u t four C h r i s t i a n s a n d o n e Lolo boy were carried into the mountains. F a t h e r Biron, d u r i n g t h e month previous t o h i s death, had been w o r k i n g exceptionally h a r d fighting a serious epidemic dysentry.— R E U T E R S P A C I F I C SERVICE. V A T I C A N C I T Y I N ACCORD W I T H I T A L Y ' S MEASURES A G A I N S T A I R RAIDS. R O M E S e p t . 24.—In t h e event of a i r r a i d s o v e r Rome, t h e Holy See h a s a g r e e d t o extinguish lights in t h e V a t i c a n C i t y a n d obey the g e n e r a l r u l e s f o r concealment by Agreement with the Italian G o v e r n m e n t w h i c h is important as i n d i c a t i n g t h e independent Vatican C i t y t o t h a t extent will identify itself w i t h Italy in the e v e n t of w a r : — R E U T E R .


MALAYA

C A T O O U C L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 28th SEPTEMBER, 1935.

5

JOKES.

Young People's Page

TIT FOR TAT. A long-haired man was accosted by a little bootblack: "Shine your shoes sir?" He was disgusted by the dirt on the lad's face. "I don't want a shine, my lad/' he said, "but if you'll go and wash your won't commit a n y more sins. face, 111 give you sixpence." Give H i m t o m e for I cannot live "Righto, guv'nor," replied the boy, as he made his way to a neighbouring founwithout H i m . " A t last t h e priest g a v e way and tain. Soon he returned, looking much told h e r f a t h e r t h a t G e m m a w a s cleaner. "Well, my boy," said the long-haired quite r e a d y to receive Our Lord one, "you have earned your six-pence; into her h e a r t . and here it is." "I don't want your sixpence, guv'nor," "If we do n o t w a n t o u r G e m m a to die of longing," h e said, " w e replied the boy. "You *ang on to it and m u s t allow h e r to go t o Holy Com- get your *'air cut." * * * munion." "Every child ONLY WAY. W h e n G e m m a h e a r d this she The elderly beginner was equipped needs milk t h a n k e d O u r Lord a n d His d e a r with a heavy bag of clubs and a cadie. every day." Mother, a n d t h e n asked t o be j His play was consistently wretched and allowed t o live in t h e convent the caddie all but burst into tears. At last the player became bunkered while s h e p r e p a r e d herself for such a g r e a t act. H e r f a t h e r did in one of the most impregnable hazards the course, and after trying to disnot like t o lose his little girl even of lodge the ball with every club in his for a s h o r t t i m e , b u t s h e begged armoury he turned to the caddie and so h a r d t h a t a t last h e said she asked, feebly, "What shall I take now?" The caddie looked at the golfer with m i g h t " j u s t for t e n d a y s . " "Oh, gleam of hope in his eye. how h a p p y I w a s , " w r o t e Gemma a "Poison" (Continued from Col. 2) he suggested, gloomily. a f t e r w a r d s . " A s soon a s I got in* * * * * * His Gift of Himself t o h e r . H e r e side t h e c o n v e n t I r a n t o t h e c h a The young mother met her husband is w h a t s h e w r o t e : pel t o t h a n k J e s u s , and w i t h all t h e with a proud smile. 1. I will confess m y sins a n d r e "John darling, I'm so pleased," she e a r n e s t n e s s I could implored of ceive Holy Communion each excitedly. "We weighed baby for H i m to p r e p a r e m e well for m y said, t i m e a s if it w e r e t o b e t h e the first time to-day. He weighs nearly Holy Communion. T h e n I felt," forty-seven pounds. last. s h e adds, " a n e a r n e s t desire t o The husband staggered back. 2. I will often visit J e s u s in t h e "A month old baby weighs forty-seven know all a b o u t t h e life a n d suffertabernacle, especially w h e n I pounds! he said. "Why that is imposings of J e s u s . " a m sad. sible! What did you weigh him in?" This t h o u g h t of t h e P a s s i o n of 3. I will p r e p a r e for e v e r y F e a s t "On the scales you carry in your kit to O u r Blessed L o r d w i t h Holy Com- weigh the fish you catch." of O u r Lady by gome m o r t i -

GEMMA GALGANI You h a v e all h e a r d of t h e g r e a t St. P a u l , a n d of h o w h e s p e n t h i s life a f t e r his conversion in p r e a c h ing " C h r i s t a n d H i m Crucified." Ever since t h e d a y s in w h i c h t h i s ardent apostle lived t h e r e h a v e been s a i n t s in t h e C h u r c h w h o h a v e honoured O u r D e a r Lord in H i s sufferings a n d w h o h a v e been glad to suffer for love of H i m . J u s t forty y e a r s a g o a holy little girl was born, t o w h o m it w a s given to suffer for t h e love of J e s u s , m a n y pains like t h o s e O u r Blessed L o r d suffered in H i s Sacred P a s s i o n . This s t o r y will tell you a b o u t h e r first Holy C o m m u n i o n , b u t w h e n you a r e older you m u s t t r y t o learn m o r e a b o u t h e r . In a small village in N o r t h e r n Italy, n e a r t h e a n c i e n t city of Lucca, t h e r e lived a pious c h e m i s t whose n a m e w a s H e n r y Galgani. He h a d five boys a n d t h r e e girls, who all died w h e n t h e y w e r e y o u n g except t h r e e , w h o w e r e still living in 1914. T h e i r m o t h e r belonged to a noble I t a l i a n family, a n d on 12th M a r c h 1878 h e r eldest d a u g h ter w a s born. S h e w a s baptized the n e x t day, receiving t h e n a m e of G e m m a , w h i c h in E n g l i s h means " Gem " ; a n d t h e little girl does indeed s h i n e to-day a s a g e m in t h e C h u r c h of God. To look a t , s h e w a s j u s t t h e same a s a n y o t h e r little girl, b u t her soul w a s beautiful in God's sight. W h e n s h e w a s only t w o years old s h e w a s s e n t t o a school like a k i n d e r g a r t e n d u r i n g t h e day, b u t used t o r e t u r n h o m e each night. G e m m a ' s m o t h e r w a s , a s people said " a s a i n t . " S h e t a u g h t h e r little d a u g h t e r all a b o u t A l m i g h t y God, Our Blessed L a d y , t h e a n g e l s a n d the s a i n t s . Often s h e used t o show her a crucifix a n d s a y : "Look, Gemma, how t h i s d e a r . J e s u s died on t h e cross for u s . " And G e m m a would eagerly listen to all h e r m o t h e r told h e r a b o u t the sufferings of O u r D e a r Lord, even following h e r a b o u t t h e houpe to s a y : " M a m m a , tell m e a little more a b o u t J e s u s . " Before s h e w a s seven y e a r s old Gemma m a d e h e r F i r s t Confession. B u t soon a f t e r t h i s h e r mother b e c a m e v e r y ill. T h i s w a s a g r e a t grief t o G e m m a . S h e used to kneel by h e r m o t h e r ' s pillow while t h e y p r a y e d t o g e t h e r , till her f a t h e r s e n t h e r a w a y t o be taken care of b y a kind a u n t . T h e little girl w e n t w i t h o u t a m u r m u r , but s h e n e v e r s a w h e r d e a r mother a g a i n , for she died soon after. Not very long a f t e r t h i s G e m m a was sent t o school a g a i n , t h i s time t o a convent. G e m m a w a s delighted, a n d a long t i m e a f t e r wards, s p e a k i n g of it, s h e s a i d : " I began to go t o t h e school of t h e S i s t e r s : I w a s in p a r a d i s e . " S h e very soon m a d e f r i e n d s w i t h h e r companions, w h o l e a r n t t o love h e r dearly, a n d before long G e m m a was t h e life a n d soul of t h e place. Almost a t once s h e a s k e d t o be allowed t o m a k e h e r F i r s t Holy Communion. A l t h o u g h n i n e y e a r s ™ age, G e m m a w a s v e r y small for her age, so s h e w a s told s h e m u s t * a i t a little longer. W i t h t e a r s she begged h e r f a t h e r , t h e p r i e s t , *id t h e S i s t e r s t o c h a n g e t h e i r minds. "Give m e J e s u s , " she would say, and you will see h o w good I shall **. I shall b e q u i t e c h a n g e d I a

(4

MILKMAID MILK

munion, is t h e one H e himself asked us n e v e r t o forget w h e n H e said to H i s Apostles a t t h e L a s t S u p p e r : " D o t h i s in m e m o r y of Me." E v e r since t h a t day t h e Church h a s t a u g h t us t o see in t h e Holy M a s s one and t h e same Sacrifice w i t h t h a t of O u r Lord on t h e Cross, a n d t o t h i n k of H i s Passion w h e n we go t o Holy Communion. G e m m a learned all t h a t t h e good Sisters t a u g h t h e r a b o u t t h e sufferings of O u r Blessed Lord and t h e m y s t e r y of t h e Blessed Sacrament. T h e p r i e s t used to give i n s t r u c t i o n s to t h e F i r s t Communicants, a n d every d a y h e repeated: " W h o e v e r feeds on J e s u s lives w i t h His L i f e . " G e m m a said a f t e r w a r d s : I alm o s t died of longing t o be able to say t h o s e w o r d s : ' J e s u s lives in me. T h e d a y fixed for her F i r s t Holy Communion w a s Sunday, t h e F e a s t of t h e Sacred H e a r t , 19th J u n e , 1837. On t h e S a t u r d a y before t h i s h a p p y day G e m m a w r o t e to her f a t h e r , and t h i s is w h a t she said: " D e a r Papa,—To-day is t h e eve of m y F i r s t Communion, a d a y for m e of t h e g r e a t e s t happiness. I w r i t e t h e s e few lines only t o tell you of m y love, and t o ask you to p r a y t o J e s u s in o r d e r t h a t t h e first t i m e H e comes to dwell in me, He may find m e r e a d y t o receive all the g r a c e s He h a s prepared for me. I beg y o u r pardon for all m y disobedience, and all t h e pain I have ever given you, and I beg of | you t h i s evening to forget it all. j 1 ask you to bless me. Your m o s t j loving d a u g h t e r . " Gemma " The n e x t m o r n i n g Gemma almost r a n t o t h e chapel, and d u r i n g Holy M a s s h e r dear J e s u s came for t h e first t i m e into h e r loving little h e a r t . S h e k e p t very quiet and recollected all day, spending her j t i m e w i t h Our Blessed Lord in chapel, or in t a l k i n g of Him t o t h e Sisters. S h e took a little time also to w r i t e down all s h e wished to promise O u r Lord in r e t u r n for (Continued

on Col. 4 )

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The uneducated Negro is proverbially as great a liar as he is a simpleton. George Washington Jackson was accused of stealing a joint from a shop. The main evidence against him was a hat which the butcher said fell off the thief's head as he ran out of the shop when surprised red-handed. The butcher swore George was the thief, but George's counsel managed to prove an alibi and the charge was dismissed. George rather spoiled the effect by saying to his lawyer in a loud voice as they were preparing to leave the court: "Now that all the fuss am over, boss, would you kindly ask de judge to give me ma hat back?

I

HIS WILL.

+ If we could only see + God's way in everything, iHow different life would be, 7 What peace to all 'tivould bring. \lf we could only know \How great His Love and Care, ^To his kind Will we'd bow, ^Our crosses meekly bear. JFOR He knoweth each one's need, +He hears our every cry, iTo all our prayers takes heed, \His aid is ever nigh. tSo, ask Him what may be rHe'll hear, and answer right, +For God s way is not our way, %His is the kindly light. y

I t j X

T • * 1 J * f J 4 1

The old lady was being visited by the vicar. She said, "I wish you would offer prayers in the church for me, Vicar." "Certainly I will." "I wish you would mention what is the matter with me-I have a floating kidney." "I can't very well do that." "I don't see why not," protested the old lady. "I've often heard you praying for loose livers."

fication, and every e v e n i n g I will ask my Heavenly M o t h e r ' s blessing. 4. I will t r y to r e m e m b e r t h a t God always sees m e . 5. E v e r y t i m e t h e clock s t r i k e s I will say t h r e e t i m e s : "My Jesus mercy." G e m m a k e p t all t h e resolutions, for s h e w a s resolved to become a saint. T h e S i s t e r who t a u g h t h e r a t school often used t o r e m i n d h e r of t h i s a n d s a y to h e r : " G e m m a , r e m e m b e r t h a t you m u s t become a truly precious gem. W h e n s h e won t h e first place in her class t h i s Sister r e w a r d e d h e r by telling her m o r e a b o u t O u r Lord's Sufferings a n d D e a t h upon the Cross, and t h e little girl g r e w more a n d more in t h e love of " J e s u s C h r i s t Crucified." In 1894 Gemma gained t h e Gold Medal Prize for Religious K n o w ledge. Long, before t h i s s h e h a d become a daily c o m m u n i c a n t , b u t w h e n s h e w a s t h i r t e e n she b e c a m e v e r y ill and h a d t o leave school. A t h o m e , when she g o t b e t t e r , G e m m a went on t r y i n g t o please Our Lord in all she did. H e r g r e a t desire w a s to suffer for love of Him. " Yes, m y J e s u s , " s h e used t o say t o Him, " I wish to suffer a n d to suffer much for T h e e . " L a t e r on J e s u s g r a n t e d h e r desire, a n d even allowed her t h e privilege of bearing in h e r body t h e m a r k s of His F i v e Most Precious W o u n d s , as H e did long a g o to St. F r a n c i s of Assisi. F o r all t h i s G e m m a found g r a c e and s t r e n g t h in Holy Communion.

Margo Soap

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CALCUTTA

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M A L A Y A C A T H O L I C L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 28th SEPTEMBER, 1935.

6

BIRGEN S A N T A MARIA AN-EXAMPLE OF JAPANESE DEVOTION TO OUR LADY IYORY STATUE

OF THE

BLESSED. VIRGIN

7 P R E S E R V E D AS HEIRLOOM THROUGH SEVEN

GENERATIONS.

B y Rev. Gerard Huber, O.F.M. TbelcSfy of Sendai c e l e b r a t e d t h e 3 0 0 t h a r j h i v e r s a r y of t h e d e a t h of D a i m i o T>ate M a s a m u n e M a y 25, 1935. "Bate Masamune, t h e most famoSsr § | u r e in t h e h i s t o r y of t h i s p a r t of J a p a n , b r o u g h t Blessed Loui&^Sotelo a n d h i s F r a n c i s c a n ^confreres t o t h e t e r r i t o r y u n d e r h i s j u r i s d i c t i o n w h e r e t h e y laboured f o r m a n y y e a r s w i t h g r e a t success, t h e f^sr^Cfhristian- a p o s t l e s in t h e n o r t h e r n p a r t of t h e e m p i r e . Since it known t h a t I had made a special s t u d y of t h e h i s t o r y of t h a t p e r i o d , T w a s a s k e d d u r i n g t h e celeb r a t i g i s ^ t » g i v e a conference on D a t e W f a s j a m u n e . I chose for m y subject t h e embassy sent by the D a i m i o t o t h e H o l y F a t h e r in R o m e in 1613, uftder t h e l e a d e r s h i p of Bles^LliQq^ Sotelo. A^Srth^ confer^ace a n elderly g e n t l e m a n w i n e t o m e a n d invited me to life h o m e w h e r e , h e said, h e h a d a s o u v e n i r of t h e e a r l y C h r i s t i a n s . W h e n I called on h i m t h e following e v e n i n g h e w e n t t o a closet a n d took o u t a small box in w h i c h a b e a u t i f u l i v o r y s t a t u e of t h e Blessed V i r g i n M a r y lay c a r e fully w r a p p e d in c o t t o n . I a s k e d h i m if he knew i t s s t o r y . H e d i d ; a n d t h e s t o r y is i n t e r e s t i n g . 7

" A s you said y e s t e r d a y i n y o u r conference, D a t e M a s a m u n e w a s a g r e a t friend a n d p r o t e c t o r of C h r i s t i a n i t y . I t ^ w a s only t o w a r d t h e e n d of h i s l i t e , w h e n t h e c a m paign against t h e Christians had b e e n g o i n g on all over t h e k i n g d o m for more t h a n fifteen y e a r s , t h a t h e w a s compelled t o yield t o t h e p r e s s u r e exerted by t h e Shogun and p r o h i b i t t h e religion of C h r i s t i n h i s d i s t r i c t . A n d even t h e n , a l t h o u g h s o m e of h i s v a s s a l s p e r s e c u t e d t h e C h r i s t i a n s relentlessly, h e h i m s e l f did n o t . P e r s e c u t i o n r a g e d violently t h r o u g h o u t n o r t h ern J a p a n u n d e r h i s successor. T h e C h r i s t i a n s w h o escaped a r r e s t fled t o t h e solitude of t h e m o u n t a i n s ; s o m e e v e n e m i g r a t e d t o t h e island of Yezo, w h i c h we now call Hokkaido. They hid a t D a t e Mombetsu n e a r Muroran, and although the present inhabitants know nothing <©f C h r i s t i a n i t y , m a n y s o u v e n i r s of the C h r i s t i a n t i m e s w e r e discovered t h e r e a few y e a r s a g o . I w a s b o r n t h e r e . W h e n I w a s leaving h o m e to continue m y studies at the Univ e r s i t y of T o k y o , m y g r a n d f a t h e r gave me this s t a t u e / ' M y friend t o o k t h e s t a t u e from its case a n d g a v e it t o m e t o exam i n e . I t w a s doubtlessly of a n c i e n t origin, and the workmanship was elearly J a p a n e s e . A r o u n d t h e b a s e was inscribed in L a t i n " W e fly t o t h y p a t r o n a g e , O Holy M o t h e r of G o d / ' H o w I w i s h e d it w e r e m i n e ! B u t f r o m t h e e x p r e s s i o n on t h e owner's face I could see t h a t h e h a d n o i n t e n t i o n of p a r t i n g w i t h it. '^Certainly, y o u a r e t o b e envied h a v i n g such a r a r e treasure," I said. "And t h e r e s t of t h e s t o r y ? " "When m y g r a n d f a t h e r g a v e m e t h e s t a t u e , " t h e m a n replied, "he said t o me* ' G u a r d t h i s well. You a r e t h e h e i r of the f a m i l y and as such the custodian of t h i s t r e a s u r e ;

it h a s been in o u r f a m i l y for m a n y g e n e r a t i o n s . If you k e e p it safely you shall always h a v e good l u c k ; if you p a r t w i t h it ill f o r t u n e will a l w a y s follow you'. My g r a n d f a t h e r said t h i s v e r y solemnly, a n d I h a v e a l w a y s been a f r a i d to violate the trust, although to me the s t a t u e is n o t h i n g m o r e t h a n a keepsake." " B u t _ d i d y o u r g r a n d f a t h e r tell you n o t h i n g of t h e origin of t h e s t a t u e ?" I asked. " O n e still w i n t e r n i g h t w h e n m y b r o t h e r s w e r e asleep, g r a n d f a t h e r b r o u g h t m e t o h i s r o o m , lit a candle a n d in a low voice told m e t o kneel before t h e t a b l e . Going t o a chest, which I k n e w w a s a l w a y s locked, h e opened it a n d drew from it a small box h i d d e n u n d e r t h e clothes. H e p u t t h e box on t h e table with great care and then sat down n e a r it, d r a w i n g m e t o h i m . Bewildered a t t h e s e s t r a n g e actions I stole a glance a t h i m and s a w t h a t h i s eyes w e r e fixed on t h e box a n d his lips w e r e m o v i n g quietly. I supposed t h a t h e w a s p r a y i n g a n d did n o t d a r e d i s t u r b h i m . Finally, h e took m y h a n d a n d w h i s p e r e d t o m e , ' Y o u h a v e now r e a c h e d t h e a g e w h e n you should be p e r m i t t e d t o k n o w t h e secret of o u r f a m i l y . Y o u r f a t h e r died before I could tell h i m t h e s t o r y . I feel m y life g r a d u a l l y slipping a w a y , a n d it is n o w t i m e t o choose a n o t h e r custodian for t h i s t r e a s u r e . Show yourself w o r t h y of y o u r a n c e s t o r s and g u a r d carefully t h a t w h i c h h a s a l w a y s b e e n sacred t o t h e m / T h e n h e opened t h e box, took o u t t h e s t a t u e , joined h i s h a n d s a n d bowed a s if in a d o r a t i o n . On t h a t n i g h t I s a w t h e s t a t u e f o r t h e first t i m e . I w a s only fifteen y e a r s old b u t I realized t h a t a n old f a m i l y secret w a s being ent r u s t e d t o m e . I t o o joined m y h a n d s a n d bowed m y h e a d a l t h o u g h a t t h e t i m e I h a d n o idea of w h a t prayer meant. " A f t e r a few m o m e n t s of silence, g r a n d f a t h e r asked m e , 'Do you know what this i s ? ' " T e r h a p s it is a n hotoke (budd h i s t divinity) w o r t h y of special veneration,' I answered. " ' N o , no. T h i s is Birgen Santa Maria. F o r five g e n e r a t i o n s it h a s been t h e m o s t s a c r e d object in o u r family. I c a n n o t tell you m u c h a b o u t t h i s t r e a s u r e for it is n e v e r s h o w n t o o t h e r s . I t r e m a i n s alw a y s in t h e c u s t o d y of one m e m b e r of t h e family, a n d h e alone k n o w s of i t s existence. I d o know, however, t h a t Birgen Santa Maria is a good spirit, t h e p r o t e c t o r of o u r f a m i l y . A n d w h e n t h i s little relic is k e p t faithfully, good f o r t u n e n e v e r leaves us. I owe m y life to Birgen Santa Maria. " ' W h e n I w a s eleven y e a r s of a g e , I became g r a v e l y ill. B o t h m y p a r e n t s w e r e dead; m y g r a n d f a t h e r w a s r e a r i n g m y t w o elder s i s t e r s a n d myself. One n i g h t , w h e n t h e illness h a d become m u c h w o r s e a n d t h e r e w a s no hope of a cure, g r a n d f a t h e r sent t h e n u r s e and m y sist e r s from t h e room, took m e from

bed, dressed m e in m y b e s t feast d a y a t t i r e a n d b r o u g h t m e to h i s clothes chest, t h i s chest which is h e r e before you. H e did not open it b u t merely pulled it a w a y from t h e wall, a n d in t h e wall I saw a small opening which h a d been concealed by t h e chest. H e took a w a y a covering a n d t h e n d r e w aside a little brocaded c u r t a i n t o r e v e a l in a t i n y niche, t h i s s t a t u e of Birgen S a n t a Maria. I will n e v e r forget with what veneration grandfather k n e l t before t h i s s t a t u e a n d whisp e r e d in a t r e m b l i n g voice, " B i r g e n S a n t a Maria, you know t h a t in troubled t i m e s we h a v e provided you a safe a s y l u m . Look upon m y need and s a v e t h i s child, for upon h i m depends t h e f u t u r e of our family. If d e a t h m u s t visit t h i s h o u s e , I offer m y life in place of t h i s child's." T h e n h e remained silent with h i s eyes fixed on t h e statue. " ' S u d d e n l y a g r e a t drowsiness c a m e over m e , a n d I whispered t o him, "Grandfather, I want to sleep." H e t r e m b l e d violently, a smile lit u p h i s r u d d y cheeks a n d h e said in a low voice, " T h a n k you, t h a n k you. My p r a y e r h a s been h e a r d . " H e closed t h e h i d i n g place, p u s h e d t h e chest in f r o n t of it, undressed m e a n d p u t m e to bed. "Go t o sleep n o w , " h e said, gently c a r e s s i n g m e . T h e n h e left t h e room. " T m u s t h a v e slept a long t i m e because w h e n I a w o k e t h e sun w a s h i g h in t h e h e a v e n s . M y two sist e r s were beside m y bed, crying. I t h o u g h t t h a t t h e y w e r e weeping over me a n d said t o t h e m , "I a m getting better; grandfather prayed f o r m e . " T h a t only m a d e t h e m w e e p more, a n d t h e e l d e r of t h e t w o said t o m e , " G r a n d f a t h e r died last night." " T w a s only a child, b u t I g r a s p e d t h e significance of m y g r a n d f a t h e r ' s p r a y e r a n d w a s certain that Birgen Santa Maria had h e a r d him. T h e g r e a t power of t h i s s t a t u e , of which I knew so little, impressed m e . I never d a r e d to p a s s before t h e place w h e r e it w a s hidden. I spoke of it t o no-pne. W h e n t h e house w a s b e i n g renovated ancf t h e h i d i n g place was in d a n g e r of b e i n g ' d i s covered, I removed t h e t r e a s u r e with great fear and trembling and hid it in t h i s chest.' T h a t is t h e s t o r y which m y g r a n d f a t h e r told m e . When he h a d finished h e took m e by t h e h a n d and said, almost t h r e a t e n ingly, ' T a k e care never to touch t h i s s t a t u e so long a s I live. After I a m dead g u a r d it from t h e e y e s of others.' A n d t h e n h e closed t h e box and p u t it back among t h e clothes in t h e c h e s t . " A s the m a n c a m e t o t h e conclusion of h i s n a r r a t i o n . I noticed t h a t his face bore a s t r a n g e expression a s if suffering g r e a t m e n tal pain. I asked him, " H a v e you ever shown t h e s t a t u e t o a n y o n e beside myself?" " N o ; a t least, I do not think so. B u t I fear t h e a v e n g i n g w r a t h of my ancestors." " W h y , t h e n , h a v e you confided t h i s secret to m e ? " H e paced t h e r o o m s several t i m e s before a n s w e r i n g , "You m u s t know t h a t m a n y t i m e s I wanted t o learn s o m e t h i n g a b o u t t h i s Birgen S a n t a M a r i a . Once I w a s on t h e point of selling t h e s t a t u e to a professor of t h e W a s e d a

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PETER CHONG'S Priests and People in Ireland, What the Catholic Church is and what She teaches, Adventiste Doctrines, Archaic ReUgions, Galileo and his Condemnations, Hackel's Frauds & Forgeries, The Arch Liar Froude, Man's Great Concern, etc.

U n i v e r s i t y who collects such obj e c t s . W h e n I took it from the box, however, a n d looked at it. t h e eyes seemed t o b u r n into the d e p t h s of m y soul, and I swore n e v e r t o b e t r a y t h e t r u s t of my f a t h e r s . F r o m t h a t day to this I h a v e n e v e r been a t peace. Perhaps it is m y a n c e s t o r s , p e r h a p s it is t h i s B i r g e n S a n t a Maria, wishing t o b e avenged. W h o is t h i s Birgen S a n t a M a r i a ? L a s t n i g h t duringy o u r lecture y o u mentioned the n a m e t h r e e t i m e s a n d each time you bowed y o u r h e a d . You must k n o w ! You m u s t believe in thft B i r g e n S a n t a M a r i a . T h a t is wny I h a v e revealed t h e secret of my a n c e s t o r s to y o u . " . T w o t h i n g s w e r e e v i d e n t : before m e stood a d e s c e n d a n t of t h e early C h r i s t i a n s ; and g r a c e w a s a t work in h i s soul. I told h i m m y impression of h i s s t o r y a n d spoke to him a t l e n g t h of t h e Blessed Virgin M a r y . H e listened t o m e in wonder without interrupting. " N o w show y o u r s e l f w o r t h y of y o u r f o r b e a r s , " I told him, "who f o r so long and a m i d such difficult i e s carefully p r e s e r v e d as ro.uch as

FAR EASTERN MUSIC SCHOOL 1-A, Kirk Terrace (Off D h o b y G h a u t ) SINGAPORE. T h e only a n d oldest institution of i t s kind i n Singapore with up-to-date equipment. Had g a i n e d a s e r i e s of successes in t h e T r i n i t y College Examinat i o n s in t h e p a s t . N o age rest r i c t i o n . W r i t e f o r particulars. M. ANCIANO, Principal. t h e y could. I believe t h a t you h a v e been called t o renew t h e faith of y o u r a n c e s t o r s in i t s primitive p u r i t y . T h a n k t h e Birgen Santa M a r i a w h o h a s a l w a y s protected t h o s e w h o h a v e g u a r d e d h e r image. I w a n t you t o r e p e a t often the p r a y e r inscribed on t h e base of the s t a t u e , ' W e fly t o t h y patronage, 0 Holy M o t h e r of God', and I am g o i n g t o teach y o u a n o t h e r prayer w h i c h you should s a y often, every d a y if possible." I recited the H a i l M a r y slowly, a n d he wrote it down. T h e n h e bowed low before me a n d said w i t h g r e a t emotion, "I t h a n k y o u ; y o u h a v e brought peace t o m y h e a r t . I beg you to s a y w i t h m e t h i s beautiful prayer w h i c h you h a v e j u s t given me as 1 r e c i t e it now for t h e first time before t h i s s t a t u e which certainly h a s often h e a r d t h e prayers of t h o s e in need." H o w shall I d e s c r i b e m y emotion a s I k n e l t t h e r e w i t h a descendant of t h e p e r s e c u t e d Christians and r e p e a t e d w i t h h i m t h e beautiful w o r d s , "Hail M a r y , full of grace. :


T

AROUND THE PARISHES KUALA

(Continued

LUMPUR

ST. JOSEPH'S C H U R C H , SENTUL K U A L A LUMPUR. Owing t o t h e t r a n s f e r of Rev. Father A. F r a n c i s , Assistant Parish P r i e s t of S t . A n t h o n y ' s Church t h e r e will b e no Service in St. Joseph's C h u r c h , Sentul on Sunday, t h e 2 9 t h i n s t a n t . » * • * ST. MARY'S CATHOLIC SOCIETY, St. Mary's Catholic Society, Kuala Lumpur, was en fete on the occasion of celebrating a double event, the Eighteenth Anniversary and the inauguration of its new premises at Kandang Kerbau Road, at 4.30 p.m. on Sunday the 22nd instant. 2. The premises were tastefully decorated with evergreen, buntings, coloured lights, etc. Well over 500 Catholics attended the function and many had to content themselves with standing in the verandahs. , 3. Punctually at 4.30 p.m. Rev. Fr. Hermann, Vicar of St. Anthony's Church, Pudu, Kuala Lumpur, and the Honorary Patron of the Society arrived and immediately proceeded with the blessing of the new premises. After he was garlanded by the President Mr. G. Dorai Raj, a group photo was taken. Welcome songs were then sung by the ch'Idren and light refreshments served. 4. Rev. Father Hermann was very much pleased to see such a large gathering of his parishioners and in his speech, in addition to exhorting them to support the activities of the Society, he laid great stress on the necessity of their attending the Tamil Parish Church, St. Anthony's, instead of churches meant for other nationalities where instructions and sermons are made in English or Chinese. 5. The President £lso eloquently appealed to all the Tamil Catholics resident in Kuala Lumpur to give their support for the advancement of the Society. He explained the present financial position which was far from satisfactory and was hampering the activities of the Society to provide more amenities for the benefit of the members and their families. In closing his speech he assured that provided proper support was forthcoming, the Society would, before its Silver Jubilee, be able to own the land on which its new building now stands. 6. The most interesting items on the programme proved to be a comic dialogue by the children and music played by Miss Nathu (aged 9) which were greatly appreciated by the audience. 7. The proceedings throughout were enlivened by recorded Christian songs and music which were amplified through loud speaker by the courtesy of Messrs. P. Thomas and A. J. P. Nathan. 8. A large number of people also turned up at 9.20 p.m. to hear a Roman Catholic Service and an address by Rt. Rev. Dr. Hinsley, the Archbishop of Westminster. London, which was relayed by the B.B.C. The radio set was kindly lent by Mr. A. Petrus. * * * * * * Personalia. The following are inmates of the General Hospital—Kuala Lumpur. Mr. J. L. Skelchy, Government pensioner who was successfully operated for appendicitis. Mr. Skelchy is a Member of the Catholic Action Society of St. John's Church. Master Cyril Gomes, also operated for appendicitis and is progressing satisfactorily. Cyril Gomes is an outstanding player of the St. John's Institution Football Team and will be badly missed in this year's Thomson Cup Competition. Mr. E. de Rozario, Of the P. & T. Dept. is suffering from Kidney complaint and is making satisfactory progress. *1r. R. de Rozario, Father of Mr. E. de Rozario is being treated for eartrouble. E. F. Nunis of the Chartered Bank was admitted for eye-treatment. We understand he has to undergo an operation and we hope it will be successful. No doubt Members of the Catholic action will visit these inmates.

NEGRI

SEMB1LAN

THE CHURCH OF THE VISITATION SEREMBAN. The 22nd of ahv&ys remain a history of the **mbilan, due to

September 1935 will red-letter day in the Catholics of Negrithe fulfilment of the

from page 19) promise given by their dear Pastor The Very Rev. Father G. Auguin on the occation of his Silver Jubilee a year ago. This beautiful edifice one of the best in Malaya and a land-mark of the town, costs approximately $30,000, which includes the new furniture, statues, bells 3, a High Altar and Communion Rails done in spun concrete the first of its kind in Malaya, and Lighting. The liberal contributions and generous gifts of his Parishioners of all classes and denominations. The Blessing Ceremony followed by the Celebration of a Pontifical High Mass by His Excellency, the Right Rev. Mgr. A. Devals the Bishop of Malacca assisted by the Rev. Fathers N. Maury and S. Fourgs of Singapore and Ipoh respectively. A sermon entitled "The house of God and gate of heaven" was delivered by the Rev. Father Gallagher C.SS.R. Sitting in the Sanctuary with the Rev. Father G. Auguin, were the Rev. Fathers J. Francois, Francis, R. De! Souza, D. Vendargon and Gallagher, E. ' Becheras acting Vicar General Mr. J. W. Hughes the British Resident of Negri-Sembilan was kind enough to be present at the ceremonies. After High Mass a gathering took place in the front steps of the Church where the following address was read and a large group photo taken of those pi esent. * * * * * ADDRESS. REV. FATHER GEO. AUGUIN, Church Of The Visitation, Seremban. ! Reverend and Dear Father, We, the Catholics of this parish, have j witnessed with the keenest gratification I the steady progress of the renovation j and reconstruction of the Church under i the vigilant supervision of our indefatigi able parish priest. After months of ; continuous labour, a magnificent edifice of | such taking architectural design and i splendour has been erected that, besides fortunately not of a financial character, j adding to the scenic attractiveness of but of gratitude. Continuing, the priest the town, it is a silent testimony of the remarked that his first debt of gratitude rapid expansion of Catholic life in our was to the Almighty God and that he midst. had attempted that Sunday (22nd inst.) Although the generosity and benefacmorning to repay in part at the service tions of those who have contributed so liberally towards paying the cost of the I officiated by him. It was to him not work cannot be too highly commenced, I merely a formal opening ceremony, but and will never be lost sight of, yet we ! he regarded it as a 'Thanksgiving SerSecondly Fr. Auguin observed, he do not fail to see that it was the enter- ,i vice.' owed gratitude to those members of the prise and energy of our esteemed parish ; Faithful who had so generously contripriest that gave the necessary impetus I buted towards the building fund. Parto this laudable undertaking for God's ticular mention he said had to be made glory. Without the foresight, wisdom, of those who had expended their techniand patience of a personality whose I cal skill and energy. He compliother sterling qualities we have the mented Mr. M. Nathan, the Archiprivilege of constantly coming into tect, for the splendid design of the buildcontact with, the immense magnitude of ing which will be another feather to his the difficulties besetting the work might cap after the splendid job he had done well have proved an insurmountable of the Convent on the Cameron Highobstacle. None are more sensible of the lands. Thanks were also due to Mr. nature of these difficulties than your Khong Sor Chen the contractor who had parishioners who have been edified by put up a very substantial building withthe manner in which you so admirably out calculating his own ends. The Rev. surmounted every one of them. Father was also deeply obliged to Mr. P. A. Peris of the P.W.D. for hte effiThis day will go down in the annals cient, and whole-hearted supervision he of local Catholic history as a red-letter had given to the building in all its day and will long be treasured in the stages from the foundation right up to memory of all fervent Catholics as a the finishing touches. A vigilant, honest milestone, which we hope is typical of and competent engineer was always many others that will be set up in other necessary for works of this nature, and parts of the vast field that comes under in Mr. Peris, the Rev. Father said, he the jurisdiction of our beloved Bishop had found the right type of supervising of the Diocese of Malacca. engineer. Finally, he thanked all those Finally, we pray God, who in His who had contributed towards the church infinite wisdom disposes of all good and furniture—Mr. P. P. Chient J.P. of benefits always to our ultimate wellSeremban for his magnificent gift of being, to bestow His gracious blessing two hundred pews and the Chinese comon this church so that it may be instru- ] munity for the splendid new altar. In mental in drawing more souls to the conclusion, the Rev. Father said that true fold, and to shower His choicest that church was his gift in return for graces on our parish priest so that the gifts and compliments of those prewherever he may be called to perform ! sent there. He recalled that he was his vocational duties he will discharge i making a gift of that church to the them most worthily. Catholic community of Seremban, in We beg to remain, fulfilment of the promise he had made an year ago when celebrating his SacerDear Rev. Father, dotal Silver Jubilee. Yours respectfully, P. P. Chient, Lee Ah Khoon, Lee Ah j There were over two-thousand Catho' Thong, Lee Ah Kee, Lew Foong Ngian, lics from all parts of Negri-Sembilan Chong Ah Kai, Lee Fah Nan, Chan Nam and from neighbouring States, and over Seng, Chong Teck Kwee, Rev. Bro. 700 communicants. Joseph, R. J. Galistan, W. E. Kraal, A programme of events was arranged R. V. Chapman, P. A. Peris, C. A. Pinto, and carried through smoothly under the A. F. Sta Maria, C. W. A. Skelchy, J. P. direction of the Catholic Actionists of Danker, K. N. Saram, A. B. Ponniah, each section of the community. M. Granapragasam, James Francis, S. J. Refreshments for the children and the Arulnathan and Ambrose Dariam. Convent folks, the housing of Indians, (On Behalf of the Catholic Community the catering for over 700, and cracker of N.S.) firing by Messrs K. N. Saram, N. Xavier * * * * and Members of the Third Order of St. REV. FR. AUGUIN'S REPLY. Francis of Assisi. Assisted by Mesdames Siriwardene, Saram and \ . G. Replying in humourous vein Rev. Fr. Lopez. Auguin, parish priest said that he was The entertainment for the Chinese terribly indebted—in fact he was almost neck-deep in debts; but the debts were community were in the hands of Messrs.

D U U E O L

I

;

Wart* Studio*' Chan Nam Seng, Lee Ah Khoon, Siow Tian Foh, and Lim Swee Phin and included cracker firing for over an hour. Over 450 were catered for. At 4 p.m. a tea party for the English speaking community was arranged by Messrs. R. J. Galistan, the President of the Catholic Action, C. Pinto P. A. Peris assisted by Mesdames R. Chapman, C Skelchy, A. Sta Maria, A. Rozario, A. Chapman, G. Pinto, Miss M. De Souza, the Misses Peris, The Misses Pinto, tjie Misses Ortega. Over 250 attended. At the Bishop's table were the Rev. Fathers, Mr. and Mrs. O'Connell and Mr. Flanagan. Music was provided by Messrs. D. Ortega and party. The Music and Singing by the Choir during Mass and Benediction were under the direction of Messrs. D. Ortega and Vanhuisen with Miss Ortega and Mr. Chong Ah Kai at the Organ. The Lighting and illuminations were by Messrs. H. Kesslar and J. Lawrence of the Electric Supply Dept. Seremban. The pretty decorations ^ofi: arches, benners and flags etc. in the Church compound were done by Eurasians— undei Messrs. C. Skelchy, A. Sta Maria, J. Danker, F. Marsh with the Boy Scouts of St. Pauls with Messrs. W. De Silva, J. Weller, and P. Scully and: W. Rozario. The beautiful and artistic decorations on the High Altar and Side Altars by the Rev. Mother, and The Sisters of the Convent—Seremban, flowers supplied by Mrs. O'Connell. The interior decorations of the Church by Messrs. P. Bastian and R. Chapman. The Church builders. Architect—Mr. Nathan of Notre Dame Cameron Highland fame. Contractor—Mr. Khong Sor Chin of Seremban. The Supervisor—the last but not the least Mr. P. A. Peries of the P.W.D. great credit is due to him for making this work an accomplished fact. And every one who had anything to do with the work gave of his best to make all undertakings a success for their beloved Parish Priest. (Contributed). AN OMISSION . In connection with the late Mr. Galistans band of Johore mentioned in last weeks issue of the 22nd inst. Mr. St. J. Galistan is also one of Iris sons and the President of the Catholic Action of Seremban and a very popular Pensioner resident here, ex-^hief . . Inspector, Engineering Branch P. and T., F.M.S.


flALAYA

8

Woman's

CATHOLIC

LEADER,

S A T U R D A Y , 2 8 t h S E P T E M B E R , 1935.

Page

A GOOD HUSBAND! If y o u r h u s b a n d is n o t s t r i c t l y I wiped it up, and going ourselves a good h u s b a n d h a v e you ever t o do so a t once before it h a s t i m e t h o u g h t t h a t it m a y b e y o u r f a u l t ? t o t r e a d in, w e leave it t h e r e , a n d M e n t a l l y I p u t rrfy fingers t o m y lie in w a i t ! W h e n t h e luckless victim of o u r e a r s , for well I k n o w w h a t a s t o r m of p r o t e s t will a r i s e ! D o n ' t I do r e p r o a c h e s comes on t h e scene we e v e r y t h i n g for h i m ? d o n ' t I clean pounce on h i m (our pounce m a y a n d cook a n d a r r a n g e e v e r y t h i n g ? be soft a s velvet, o u r claws s h e a t h D o n ' t I w a i t for h i m t o come h o m e ed in satin, b u t t h e y ' r e t h e r e !) e v e r y n i g h t , a n d g e t h i m a m e a l — a n d s a y : " L o o k — y e s , I know you h o w e v e r l a t e h e i s — d o n ' t I s t u d y d i d n ' t m e a n it, b u t m y dear, how h i m in e v e r y w a y — a n d h a v e his do you expect m e t o keep t h e place f r i e n d s t o t h e h o u s e w h e n e v e r h e clean if y o u ' r e a l w a y s doing t h a t l i k e s ? I a l w a y s k e e p w i t h i n m y s o r t of t h i n g , going in and o u t h o u s e k e e p i n g m o n e y , a n d I n e v e r w i t h o u t wiping y o u r f e e t — w h a t ? You did wipe t h e m ? Well ! B u t n a g !" you can see you've m a d e a m a r k , c a n ' t you, d a r l i n g — a n d you wlil DARBY A N D JOAN. t a k e a d u s t e r won't you, a n d r u b Old Darby and Joan they lived all it off for m e — I get so w o r n o u t — alone continually cleaning — all r i g h t , - In a little cot down by the river; d e a r — I t ' s all r i g h t n o w " — e t c . , etc. When passing one day I chanced A n d constant d r o p p i n g w e a r s there to stray a w a y a stone, c o n s t a n t trickling of My tit-bits of news to deliver. w a t e r , no m a t t e r h o w clear a n d Now Darby and Joan they both were p r e t t y t h a t w a t e r m a y be across at home, t h e stoniest surface, leaves i t s Inquired for old friends, praised the m a r k — t h e little s h a r p channel in weather. t h e stone ! W i t h edges which h u r t "Wherever you roam, young man, y o u r finger if you p u t t h e m t h e r e ! said old Joan, W h o ' d believe t h a t j u s t a p r e t t y May your friend count as flowers trickle of clear s p r i n g w a t e r would on the heather." cause t h a t ? , Said Darby to Joan, "Sing in your If y o u r h u s b a n d comes h o m e sweet tone, l a t e a t night, scour t h e m a k e - u p My heart is as light as a feather,* of y o u r mind, and of yourself, a n d And let this lad see how lovingly we see w h e r e t h e fault lies, for except The trials of life share together." in e x t r a o r d i n a r y c i r c u m s t a n c e s , it The song it was sung, old Darby doesn't lie w i t h h i m ! T h a t s o u n d s h a r d , a n d it m a y s e e m a s if I a m seemed young; siding w i t h m e n a g a i n s t w o m e n , He knew they had given me pleab u t no. I stick up f o r m y own, sure, a n d should h a t e t o lose t h e m o r Ana up to this day my thoughts cause them unhappiness and yet often stray w e do so w i t h o u t k n o w i n g it, a n d To that happy old pair by the t h e m e n a r e usually t o o careful of river. o u r peace of m i n d t o tell u s — t o o So Darby with Joan Yll leave you chivalrous if you like. alone. T h e y ' v e been boiling all d a y a t Of tloe joys of this life you've full s o m e probably uncongenial j o b — measure, a n d t h e y a r e tired m e n t a l l y a n d Tis often I pray may God send the physically, for m e n t a l w o r k t a k e s day it o u t of one physically t o o — a n d Yll have for a bride a like treasure t h e y h a v e t o face a longish, d u s t y , Now, Darby and Joan, farewell I noisy j o u r n e y home, a n d all t h e y must own w a n t a t t h e end of i t is q u i e t ! All the riches of life put together T h e y could do w i t h o u t a meal Cannot compare with a blessing so b e t t e r t h a n t h e y could do w i t h o u t rare— t h a t q u i e t u d e t h e y h a v e looked A heart thafs as light as a feather. f o r w a r d t o all t h e w a y h o m e ! M. F. T h e w o m a n w h o p u t s on t h e J t a b l e serenely a m o s t o r d i n a r y I n t h a t l a s t l i t t l e word is t h e whole p r o b l e m — d o n ' t you ever meal, and s i t s down calmly t o e a t i t — a n s w e r i n g or m a k i n g a simple n a g ? A n d if you a r e t h i n k i n g t h a t r e m a r k or t w o , a n d n o t diving n a g g i n g is r a n t i n g — b i t t e r ceasedeeply into t h o u g h t s or feelings, less flow of w o r d y complaint, t h i n k is helping h e r m a n t r e m e n d o u s l y a g a i n , because y o u m a y b e t h e S h e is being a n ideal wife ! m o s t gentle w o m a n h e h a s ever The woman who pours out a m e t , and y e t n a g ! s t r e a m of c h a t t e r a b o u t how t h e N o w I d i d n ' t t h i n k like t h a t children h a v e behaved, o r w o r s e u n t i l a m a n p u t it t o m e very still t h e n e i g h b o u r s ; a n d how s h e plainly ! H e w a s a b a r r i s t e r , and w e n t t o t h e shops a n d t h e y h a d a u s e d t o dealing w i t h all s o r t s of sale, a n d she b o u g h t h u b b y a dozen characters, and he said: "You h a n d k e r c h i e f s , because s h e k n o w s women n a g a n d d o n ' t k n o w it !" h e w a n t s t h e m and t h e y w e r e a I asked h i m t o explain, a n d he a cent c h e a p e r — i s j u s t hamdid—at great length. Apparently m e r i n g nails in t h e coffin of t h e i r i t w a s seeing so m a n y of h i s male love. friends, married and nagged at * * * * * * a n d spoilt—to u s e h i s own words, w h i c h m a d e h i m d e t e r m i n e t o be F A M E IS NOT H A P P I N E S S . a b a c h e l o r — a n d y e t t h e poor chap " I t is not g r e a t deeds t h a t m a k e g o e s hopefully a b o u t — l o c k i n g for people's lives h a p p y ; it is t h e little a w o m a n w h o does n o t n a g , a n d is p l e a s a n t n e s s of daily life." n o t likely t o ! T h e above q u o t a t i o n , for all i t s A p p a r e n t l y , d e a r women friends, simplicity conveys a g r e a t t r u t h . f o r I'm in t h e s a m e b o a t a s y o u — It is a t r u t h t h a t m o s t of us should w e n a g w i t h o u t noticing it. We t h i n k a b o u t from t i m e to t i m e . So s e e a m u d d y f o o t m a r k on t h e floor, m a n y of us a r e inclined t o e n v y a n d i n s t e a d of t h i n k i n g t h a t h e t h o s e w h o h a v e done t h i n g s w h i c h d i d it q u i t e u n k n o w i n g l y , a n d if t h e world calls g r e a t . And, in o u r h e ' d seen it h e would h a v e surely envy, we a r e inclined to i m a g i n e 9

n

f

9

Every child needs milk every day"

'MILKMAID" MILK t h a t f a m e a n d h a p p i n e s s m e a n t h e j der. Make i n t o a p a s t e with cold w a t e r , f o r m i n t o smalls balls, and same thing. T h i s is n o t always t r u e . M a n y d r o p t h e m i n t o t h e stew half an h o u r before it is wanted. f a m o u s people a r e v e r y u n h a p p y ; BRAZILIAN STEW. so a r e m a n y u n k n o w n people. H a p piness belongs n e i t h e r t o g r e a t n e s s T a k e o n e p o u n d of a n y hard part nor t o o b s c u r i t y . Most successful of beef a n d c u t in small pieces, dip m e n a n d w o m e n will tell you each piece in v i n e g a r or else pour h o n e s t l y t h a t t h e y enjoy t h e d a y s a tablespoonful of vinegar over of s t r i v i n g f a r m o r e t h a n t h e y now t h e m . P l a c e in a pan, add pepper, enjoy t h e d a y s of a c h i e v e m e n t . salt, half a pound of carrots, half T h e y will a d m i t f u r t h e r m o r e t h a t a pound of t u r n i p s , two onions, and t h e t h i n g s w h i c h m a k e t h e m h a p - a half-pint of w a t e r . Cover the piest still a r e simple l i t t l e t h i n g s . p a n close. S i m m e r , b u t do not boil, A smile f r o m a friend a comfort- for four h o u r s . T a k e care t h a t t h e able c h a i r b y t h e fireside on a cold vegetables a r e well mixed with t h e e v e n i n g ; a book which t h e y believe m e a t , and s.ee t h a t it does not burn. t h e y will enjoy r e a d i n g ; in fact, BACON AND PEAS. " t h e l i t t l e p l e a s a n t n e s s e s of daily Soak a p i n t of peas or beans life." o v e r n i g h t , t h e n boil until tender. T h e t r o u b l e is t h a t so m a n y of C u t u p half a p o u n d of bacon and us a r e t o o lazy o r too t h o u g h t l e s s a S p a n i s h onion ( t h e bacon into to a p p r e c i a t e t h e b e a u t y of little s m a l l p i e c e s ) , a n d p u t into an t h i n g s . W e s i g h t o do t h i n g s t h a t e a r t h e n w a r e s t e w p o t ; s t r a i n the we a r e incapable of d o i n g a n d allqw ourselves t o i m a g i n e t h a t w e a r e w a t e r off t h e p e a s o r beans, put u n h a p p y because t h e y h a v e p a s s e d t h e m over t h e bacon and onions, us b y . W h i l e all t h e t i m e t h e little a d d a half-pint of cold water, and t h i n g s t h a t could m a k e u s t r u l y s t i r t o p r e v e n t t h e beans becoming h a p p y c l a m o u r in vain f o r o u r r e - d r y . B a k e t h e whole a n hour and a half. cognition a n d appreciation. * * * * * * 1

THE GREATEST HAPPINESS. I t is in childhood t h a t p l e a s u r e s c o u n t m o s t , w h e n t h e s l i g h t e s t inv e s t m e n t of k i n d n e s s b r i n g s l a r g e s t r e t u r n s . L e t us give t h e children sunlight, love, companionship; sympathy with their little troubles and w o r r i e s t h a t s e e m t o t h e m so g r e a t ; g e n u i n e i n t e r e s t in t h e i r g r o w i n g hopes, t h e i r v a g u e , u n proportioned dreams and yearnings. L e t u s p u t ourselves in t h e i r places, v i e w t h e world t h r o u g h t h e i r e y e s , so t h a t we m a y g e n t l y c o r r e c t t h e e r r o r s of t h e i r p e r s p e c t i v e w i t h o u r g r e a t e r wisdom. Such trifles will m a k e t h e m g e n u inely h a p p y , — h a p p i e r b y f a r t h a n things a thousand times greater t h a t come t o o late. W e should all realize t h a t , no m a t t e r how rushed are our days w i t h o u r b r e a d - w i n n i n g toil, w e should n e v e r be too b u s y t o s n a t c h a few m i n u t e s for self-culture. EXETER STEW. P u t t w o ounces of d r i p p i n g into a p a n ; w h e n quite h o t p u t in a n onion c u t small. B r o w n well, add a tablespoonful of flour, and, w h e n t h a t is browned, one p i n t of cold w a t e r , pepper, salt, f o u r cloves, a n d a little m a c e . Cut one pound of beef in small pieces, p u t t h e m in and let t h e m s i m m e r f o r t w o h o u r s . T a k e a q u a r t e r of a pound of flour, a little salt, pepper, chopped p a r s ley, t h y m e , and m a r j o r a m , t w o ounces of s u e t finely chopped, a n d half-a-teaspoonful of b a k i n g pow-

BIT BY BIT. Mr. and Mrs. Bailey were entertaining friends. "I think I shall get a cai this year," said Mr. Bailey, during a lull in the conversation. "I haven't decided what make, but it's no use buying a cbfap one. I suppose I could get a serviceable little affair for five hundred or so." While the company were gasping at the careless mention of such a sum, the host's youngest son remarked," And will that funny little man with the black whiskers call every week like he did when you bought my bike, Dad?" SNAPPY. The bus conductor had had a harassing day. First of all, it was raining. Troublesome old ladies, irritating old men, and other bus pests had all combined to do their worst. It was getting late in the after-noon when an American tourist boarded the bus. " Say, conductor," he exclaimed. "Oh, all right," replied the conductor somewhat shortly. "I want your Saint Paul's Cathedral" say." Repeated the American in a louder lone. "I want you Saint Paul's Cathedral—and I want jt quick." "Don't w orry, guv'nor," retorted the now thoroughly fed-up conductor; "I'm get tin' it wrapped up for you." ALARM. The little man who was the meek escort of the big woman in her ramble through the shopping establishment had fainted. "Is he subject to this sort of thing ?" asked a shopwalker, as he rendered first aid and motioned the crowd to stand back. "Not exactly, replied the woman. "He's a little nervous sometimes. I tr:ed to buy it without letting him see me, but he heard me give the order. "Buy w h a t ? " asked the shopwalker, somewhat suspiciously. "A rolling-pin," said the woman. And then they understood. T


9

MODERN PHILOSOPHY ENSLAVES THE MIND DAMAGE

MOVIE

-o

SUIT.

BALTIMORE ' REViEW AIDS CHURCHMAN ' -

Baltimore.—The Baltimore Catholic Review, official Archdiocesan organ in a n editorial published to-day, p r i n t s a suggestion t o its readers t h a t t h e y c o n t r i b u t e t o a fund being r a i s e d t o pay a $10,200 damage s u i t lost b y t h e C h u r c h man, a P r o t e s t a n t magazine, which was found g u i l t y of libeling Gabriel L. H e s s , general counsel for the Motion P i c t u r e P r o d u c e r s and Distributors of America, Inc. The editorial points o u t t h a t Rev. Guy E m e r y Shipler, e d i t o r of the C h u r c h m a n , w a s in t h e forefront of t h e c a m p a i g n to abolish immoral films, and a d d s ! " D r . Shipler and t h e C h u r c h man w e r e a m o n g t h e pioneers in fighting filthy movies. T h e t w o waged a v i g i l a n t fight a g a i n s t such movies a n d a r e entitled to g r e a t credit for helping to improve such conditions in t h e motion p i c t u r e field. " T h e Churchman retracted its false s t a t e m e n t ; it apologized. Many t h o u g h t t h e judgment against t h e C h u r c h m a n a n d Dr. Shipler would be dropped in view of the r e t r a c t i o n and apology made. T h e r e seems to be no prospect of such action, admirable as it would be on t h e p a r t of t h e offended p a r t y . "The C h u r c h m a n has n o t t h e money to p a y t h e j u d g m e n t . P r o testant p a p e r s and P r o t e s t a n t laymen are giving some financial s u p port to t h e C h u r c h m a n . The Commonweal h a s a p p e a h d in behalf of t h e C h u r c h m a n a n d Dr. Shipler. T h e Review h a s been a p pealed to b y a Catholic t o m a k e known t h e C h u r c h m a n ' s plight t o its readers. I t h a s been s u g g e s t ed in view of t h e C h u r c h m a n ' s conquest a n d successful fight for clean movies, friends of t h e Review will w a n t t o help c o n t r i b u t e to the cause. The Review gladly prints t h e suggestion." (N.C.W.C.) BERLIN'S N E W BISHOP FORMER LAWYER. Berlin.—The t r a n s f e r of t h e Most Rev. K o n r a d Count von Preysing-Lichtenegg Moos from the See of E i c h s t a e t t to t h e See of Berlin is r e g a r d e d a s h a v i n g g r e a t significance because of his diplomatic t r a i n i n g a n d experience. Bishop von P r e y s i n g w a s a l a w y e r and a m e m b e r of t h e B a v a r i a n Legation a t t h e Quirinal, R o m e a t the time h e decided t o e n t e r t h e priesthood. The t h i r d B i s h o p of Berlin, t h e successor of t h e late Bishop Nicholas Bares w h o h a d occupied t h e See of Berlin less t h a n t h r e e months w h e n h e died last M a r c h , is a m e m b e r of a n old B a v a r i a n family d a t i n g from t h e t w e l f t h century a n d closely related t o t h e Royal House of Bavaria. H e w a s born a t Castle Kronwinkel in t h e Archdiocese of Munich, A u g u s t 30, 1880, a n d w a s educated a t t h e Universities of Munich and W u e r z burg. The new Bishop of Berlin is a oted o r a t o r and in 1921 w a s yarned Cathedral P r e d i c a t o r a t t h e m u e n k i r c h e , Munich. A t the wme of his elevation t o t h e Bishopric he w a s Canon of t h e Cathedral. On S e p t e m b e r 9, 1932 he * s named Bishop of E i c h s t a e t t *nd consecrated in t h a t c i t y b y * Archbishop of B a m b e r g . n

w

Xh

Mgr. Hunt's Observant Views

C A T H O L I C ACTION LATE IN TIENTSIN

APOSTOPRISONS.

Tientsin ( C h i n a ) — I n 1930 t h e m e m b e r s of t h e Catholic Action g i o u p s of Tientsin, with t h e a p N e w Y o r k . — T h e philosophy im- teach t h e m in y o u t h . T h e y de- proval a n d encouragement of H i s p a r t e d in m o d e r n i n s t i t u t i o n s of m o n s t r a t e , moreover, t h e folly of Excellency Mons. de Vienne, C M . , E d u - Vicar Apostolic, decided t o visit learning, alleged t o give s t u d e n t s ail t h e t a l k about freedom. "open m i n d s " h a s " m o s t effectual- j cated according to t h e philosophy t h e i n m a t e s of t h e city p r i s o n s r e ly closed t h e i r m i n d s , " declared t h e t h a t t h e y m u s t be left free t o t h i n k gularly t o give catechetical insRt. Rev. Msgr. D u a n e G. H u n t and believe as t h e y please, t h e y t r u c t i o n s . come on t h e s t a g e of life w i t h recently in t h e "Catholic H o u r . " Before t h e w o r k could be begun incapable of T h e "Catholic H o u r " is broad- minds a p p a r e n t l y long negotiations were n e c e s s a r y c a s t over a n e t w o r k of t h e National t h i n k i n g a b o u t religion. T h e p h i in o r d e r to secure permission to B r o a d c a s t i n g Company, t h r o u g h losophy w h i c h was t o h a v e given visit t h e prisons. After official S t a t i o n W E A F , here, and is pro- t h e m open minds h a s m o s t effecF a r consent h a d been secured and good duced by t h e N a t i o n a l Council of tually closed t h e i r m i n d s . from being free, t h e y a r e m e n t a l will of t h e wardens obtained, Catholic Men. g r o u p s w e r e p e r m i t t e d t o visit t h e Monsignor H u n t , who spoke on slaves, slaves to h a b i t s of t h o u g h t . A b o u t ten "If, t h e n , you w i s h y o u r sons prisons e a c h Sunday. "Religion for Children," assailed m e m b e r s go regularly t o i n s t r u c t j and d a u g h t e r s to p r a c t i c e religion t h e neglect, on t h e p a r t of p a r e n t s t h e prisoners. today, to afford positive religious when t h e y become m e n a n d women, Consoling r e s u l t s have been obyou yourself m u s t t e a c h i t t o t h e m . t r a i n i n g to t h e i r children on t h e t h e tained. A t p r e s e n t t h e r e a r e m o r e p r e t e x t t h a t children should be left You cannot depend u p o n You cannot depend upon t h a n 200 p r i s o n e r s receiving insfree to choose t h e i r own religion school. truction, while 349 h a v e been a n y t h i n g or anyone else when t h e y r e a c h adult life. baptised. Mass was said in t h e " E a c h y e a r b r i n g s t o a d u l t life " C a n a n y n a t i o n be m o r e foolish," Monsignor Hunt asked. an increasing n u m b e r of citizens prison for t h e first t i m e by H i s "Look about y o u ; see for yourself. who a r e mentally incapable of r e - Excellency on t h e occasion of t h e How m a n y p e r s o n s do you know sisting t h e p r o p a g a n d a of a t h e i s m . first b a p t i s m . I t h a s been said who chose t h e i r religion as a d u l t s . Unless t h e tendency can b e halted, j since by F a t h e r Tchang, p a s t o r of V e r y few. T h r o u g h o u t t h e coun- t h e collapse of our society is cer- , t h e p a r i s h in which t h e p r i s o n is t r y you m i g h t find one in every t e n tain. A n d when it comes, t h e located. blame m u s t be placed s q u a r e l y u p thousand." M a n y h a v e claimed t h a t little on those of u s who n o w neglect t h e good could come from t h e w o r k ; Society Will L e a v e M a r k . " T h e r e m u s t be noted, also," t h e religious t r a i n i n g of t h e i r child- t h e p r i s o n e r s would s t u d y c a t e chism only as a d i s t r a c t i o n ; t h e y s p e a k e r continued, " t h e peculiar r e n ^ woull r e t u r n to t h e i r old w a y s as a s s u m p t i o n t h a t it is possible for BAGHDAD JESUITS HAVE scon a s t h e y w e r e freed. To d a t e children, u n t r a i n e d in religion, to MENAGERIE AT THEIR t h e r e h a s been only one p r i s o n e r g r o w up w i t h open minds. It COLLEGE. w h o s e t e r m h a s expired, a n d h i s seems t o be t h o u g h t t h a t if left life since his release h a s been exalone t h e i r m i n d s will r e m a i n blank B a g h d a d , I r a q . — H o p e t h a t a emplary. Upon his release h e r e and unprejudiced. B u t is t h i s g r o w t u r n e d to his n a t i v e village, w h i c h t r u e ? W h e n p a r e n t s fail t o t e a c h m e n a g e r i e m a y e v e n t u a l l y into an a g r i c u l t u r a l college is ex- w a s entirely pagan, and i m m e d i religion, a r e t h e i r children free? F r e e from positive beliefs in favour pressed in a n issue of Al B a g h d a d i , ately g o t in t o u c h with t h e c a t e of religion, y e s ; b u t free from be- i r r e g u l a r l y printed publication p r o - chist of a neighbouring village, in liefs a g a i n s t religion, no. You m a y duced by t h e J e s u i t s of B a g h d a d o r d e r t h a t a missionary might be invitee! t o visit t h e place. H e goes withhold positive t e a c h i n g in fa- College. According to t h e j o u r n a l , t h e to Mass, Confession and C o m m u n vour of religion, but, if you do, your child will g r o w up positively present m e n a g e r i e a t t h e i n s t i t u - ion each S u n d a y . T h r o u g h h i s inclined a g a i n s t religion. T h e tion consists of five gazelles, f o u r influence, his y o u n g pagan wife h a s world will see t o t h a t . T h e society t u r k e y s , t e n piegeons, f o u r geese, become a c a t e c h u m e n and t h e t w o in which you live will leave its twelve r a b b i t s , t e n d o n k e y s a n d of t h e m a r e i n s t r u c t i n g o t h e r m a r k . And w h e n t h a t i m a g i n a r y t w o pigs. T h e r e is h o p e t h a t a m e m b e r s of t h e family in t h e m o m e n t comes, according to y o u r pair of b a b y camels a n d some Catholic religion. The p r i s o n e r expectations, for y o u r child to lambs and g o a t s m a y soon be add- has become an apostle. ( F i d e s ) . choose a religion, he will b e hope- ed. Q u a r t e r e d a t B a g h d a d a r e eleven lessly prejudiced a g a i n s t i t . . . . A T H E I S T CONGRESS D O E S N O T J e s u i t s g a t h e r e d from all p a r t s of "If I single o u t for special comt h e United S t a t e s , w h o i n s t r u c t IMPRESS POPULACE. m e n t t h e anti-religious influence of 110 s t u d e n t s of high school a g e in our modern education, I do not religion, Arabic, E n g l i s h , F r e n c h , P r a g u e . — T h e success of t h e m e a n t o criticize t h e t e a c h e r s . . . . German a n d h i g h e r m a t h e m a t i c s . F i r s t General Congress of C a t h o T h e fault i s . . . . w i t h t h e s y s t e m . Two Jew s, six Moslems a n d t h r e e lics of Czechoslovakia is b e i n g T h e fault lies in t h e m o v e m e n t Orthodox A r m e n i a n s a r e s t u d e n t s borne with ill-will by anti-Catholic s t a r t e d early last c e n t u r y b y which a s well a s m a n y Catholics, includ- elements h e r e who, aided m a i n l y education h a s been s e p a r a t e d from ing those of t h e Chaldean, Syrian, by foreign Communist influence, religion. A r m e n i a n . Greek and L a t i n r i t e s . convoked a m e e t i n g a t P r a g u e " C o n s i d e r t h e a v e r a g e high Numerically t h e C h a l d e a n s a r e f a r s h o r t l y a f t e r t h e t e r m i n a t i o n of school or college, for instance. Not in t h e lead. t h e General Catholic Congress. only does it not t e a c h religion or The A m e r i c a n J e s u i t s s t a t i o n e d T h e p a r a d e of t h e m e m b e r s of even t h e needs of religion, but, here included F a t h e r Mifsud of t h e with its never-ending social affairs, Pacific Coast Province, F a t h e r t h e " p r o g r e s s i v e " movement w a s athletics, plays, and o t h e r activi- Madaras of Chicago, a n d F a t h e r s a complete failure. The n u m b e r ties, t o say n o t h i n g of t h e curri- Collins, Rice Casey, Scanlon, Cof- of t h o s e who w e r e a t t r a c t e d by t h e d r u m m e r s of the Creedless culum itself, it so fills t h e life of fey, Merrick, Wand a n d S a r j e a n t A r m y w a s negligible. t h e s t u d e n t a s to suggest t h a t life ! of t h e Maryland—New York A l t h o u g h simultaneously w i t h is complete w i t h o u t religion. The Province. (N.C.W.C.) t h e A t h e i s t s ' observance a g r e a t s y s t e m , divorced a s it is from religion, does n o t w a r n t h e young N E W S I A M E S E M I N I S T E R TO m e e t i n g of Czechoslovak W o r l d W a r Volunteers w a s held in t h e ITALY A CATHOLIC. people t h a t s o m e t h i n g m o r e ima g g r e g a t e n u m b e r for t h e t h r e e p o r t a n t t h a n all of t h e i n t e r e s t of Rome.—His Excellency M. P h r a g a t h e r i n g s w a s e s t i m a t e d a t 30,000 school is lacking. Worse still, in certain h i g h e r institutions of learn- Riem V i r a i a p h a k a y a , newly, a p - to 40,000 p e r s o n s , w h e r e a s t h e r e ing it p e r m i t s and even encourages pointed Minister of S i a m to t h ? cent Catholic d e m o n s t r a t i o n a t t h e ridicule of religion as childish Italian Government, f o r m e r vice- t r a c t e d 500,000. president of t h e C h a m b e r of Deand out-of-date. T h e debacle of t h e A t h e i s t puties, is a fervent Catholic. p a r a d e w a s acknowledged b y all Become Mental Slaves Before reach in cr his p o s t in t h e press, t h e procession w a s "So it is t h a t when our young people come t o m a t u r i t y today t h e y P o m e h e will brine: t o t h e y o u n g greeted w i t h silence by t h e spectado not t u r n to religion. W i t h Kiner A n a n t a Mahidon. w h o is t o r s w h o w e r e j u b i l a n t a week a^o nearly unbroken u n a n i m i t y t h e y s t a d v i n e in Switzerland, t h e in- w h e n t h e Cardinal L e g a t e . His s'trnia of his office in t h e n a m e of E m i n e n c e J e a n Cardinal V e r d i e r . d e m o n s t r a t e t h e bad j u d g m e n t of passed t h r o u g h t h e same s t r e e t s . (Fides) t h e i r p a r e n t s , who neglected to t h e Council of F e g e n t s . (By N . G W . C . N e w s S e r v i c e ) .

T

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M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 28th SEPTEMBER, 1935. R A T E S OF SUBSCRIPTION Pott Free, Local and Aoroad:

12

Months

...

$6.00

6

Months

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$3.00

3

Months

...

$1.50

All correspondence and literary contributions should be addressed to The Managing Editor, Rev. R. Cordon, 73, Bras Basah Road, Singapore. TeL 7376, Singapore.

JEalaga

CaiJuxlb ^jpeaiter

Saturday, 28th September, 1935.

INJUDICIOUS

PUBLIC

EXPENDITURE.

ducts 'laths painted to look like steel.' The following excerpt from the recent Raffles College Magazine says:—"The committee (the body which reported in August 1918) recommended that the College should be affiliated to London University. . . that there should be a staff of professors and lecturers in no way inferior to those engaged in university work in England." It is also stated further that the senior staff should comprise a principal drawing a salary of $ 1 , 8 0 0 per month and eight lecturers." Our contemporary has referred in undisguised language to the quality of the staff, while the practice of having one principal for the two Colleges is far from satisfactory. In the interests of efficiency it is highly desirable to recruit a capable educationist with the right type of academic training and proven experience to fill the post of principal of the Raffles College. As for lecturers, there are some capable hands among the European personnel of leading secondary schools, who could be transferred, by way of promotion to the College. There is a special advantage in engaging lecturers with a certain amount of local experience, as they are more in touch with the standard and mentalmake up of would-be students of the College. The Raffles College enrolment for this academic year shows only 86 students, of whom 38 are in the first year, 23 in the second and 25 in the third. It is premature for a College with such a poor number on its roll to attempt* to metamorphose into a university. Hong Kong University with an enrolment of over four hundred students has often found herself on the rocks financially. The days of 'easy money' in this country are gone, and we doubt if we will ever see 'halcyon days' again. Therefore, it is all the more imperative that public money should be spent with prudence so as to be productive of the best results.

A recent suggestion by a writer in a local contemporary that this Jubilee year was eminently fitting to obtain a charter for the University of Singapore, invites us to consider the idea with special interest. It is evident that the two colleges, namely the College of Medicine, and Raffles College are intended to be the basis of this proposed University for Singapore. The Straits Times has satisfactorily thrashed out the question of installing a university here under the conditions of higher education obtaining at the moment. We refer to the editorials of the 11th and 18 th inst. and express our entire sympathy with the views and sentiments therein. In this article, we do not propose to travers the same grounds, but would like to tackle the question from other angles of vision. We might be wlell-advised to leave the College of Medicine out of the picture, as it has hitherto served a definite and useful purpose in the life of the country, though in recent years, there has been an over-production of medical graduates, who have not been fortunate enough to be absorbed b y the department under existing conditions. The burning question of the day, however, centres If the standard of instruction round the utilitarian aspect of the imparted at the Raffles College Rafflles College, which has existed compares well with that of the sufficiently long to give evidence leading English Universities, there T>£ its practical benefits. To put is ample opportunity to prove it baldly, does the Raffles College this. The London University adjustify the enormous expenditure mits students to external degrees, incurred over it, merely to produce yearly a handful of 'dubious and we should like to see our diplomates,' a good number of Raffles graduates take up these whom are still .unemployed. Is examinations and secure a London. this 'acropolis of erudition' turn- B.A. or B.Sc. So far no student ing out graduates sufficiently has succeeded in securing the Lonequipped to step into the shoes of don degrees. It is the earnest teachers recruited from England, wish of everyone interested in and handle their work with a higher education to place the Colmodicum of success? The writer lege under affiliation to the Uniof this article, anticipates from versity of London and require the actual personal knowledge that students to sit for external Lonthe answer has to be in the nega- don degrees, which will attach tive. It will certainly be discon- more value to the training they certing to all concerned, should receive. Again, to ensure a steady this seat of learning, inaugurated influx of students to the College, to celebrate the centenary of Sin- the Malayan School Leaving Cergapore, transpire to be a 'colossus tificate should be scrapped forthstuffed with clouts* and its pro- with, and the regular Cambridge

CONSULTING SPIRITUALISTS-THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS' DILEMMA—THE LATE DICTATOR OF LOUISIANA. Consulting Spiritualists— The increase of irreligion in modern times has naturally intensified the practice of consulting occultists and spiritualists. Man, whose hope springs eternally in his breast, is ever anxious to know the object and end of life, while the thought and knowledge of a loving and merciful Creator serve to dispel or allay his fears when he is beset with trials and tribulations on all sides. The present day cult of denying or ignoring the very existnce of God, attempts to substitute other means of getting an insight into the hidden pa^t. The practice ranges from charlatan fortune-telling to witchery and black magic. Even the apparently harmless practice of consulting fortunetellers has its baneful effect oi\ the mental and moral side. Recently in England a man posing himself for a spiritualist told a certain lady that her husband was an idiot and that there was another worthy heart languishing for her ?ove, and School Leaving Certificate substituted therefor. By so raising the standard of preliminary qualification for entrance to the College, the three academic years may be devoted to more serious and thorough work, to bring the students abreast with the requirements of an English University standard. Our ultimate aim ought to be to increase the scholastic status of our local teachers. It should be the object, in the course of a decade or two, to have teachers for the secondary classes with a B.A. or B.Sc. (London). Specialised teaching of subjects in the higher forms is a physical impossibility under the present system, where a teacher is called upon to retail out more knowledge than he possibly has in his stock. The practice of teachers being obliged to teach any subject from the Acts of the Apostles to Algebra should be strongly deprecated. A teacher must know the whole 'bag of tricks' about the subject he presumes to teach, else he is morally guilty of criminal misguidance. We want teachers who would be in a position to infuse a real taste and captivation for the subject they handle. There are many children who have a distinct aversion for a particular subject, and often the root cause for this dislike is traceable to bad teaching by incompetent hands, who are just a page or a chapter ahead of their pupils. We hope that a committee of enquiry will soon be set up to go exhaustively into the matter of reforms in higher education, and we look forward to the day when the Raffles College will be aptly described as a worthy seat of learning, to which the public will gladly contribute with the assurance that their money is well spent. consequently worked his highly

s t r u n g s u b j e c t u p to such a ^itch t h a t s h e decided to break up home. T h i s celebrated seer however did not find himself in t h e Hall of F a m e , b u t w a s a r r a i g n e d in the police c o u r t w h e r e he w a s mulcted in a fine t h a t should help to slow down h i s go ahead t r a d e . The C a t e c h i s m clearly sets f o r t h the C h u r c h ' s t e a c h i n g on t h i s subject. " T h e F i r s t C o m m a n d m e n t forbids all dealing w i t h t h e devii and sup e r s t i t i o u s practices, such a s cons u i t i n g s p i r i t u a l i s t s a n d fortunetellers, a n d t r u s t i n g t o charms, omens, d r e a m s , a n d such-;ike foole r i e s . " Catholics should rigidly r e f r a i n f r o m t h e s e practices t h a t a r e a direct affront to t h e supreme m a j e s t y a n d glory of God. Those b o m a h s ' and who consult p a w a n g s t o cause a c u r e to be effected, a n evil t o be a v e r t e d or a lost p r o p e r t y t o be located are, w i t t i n g l y o r u n w i t t i n g l y swearing dual f e a l t y t o both God and satan — a position t h a t cannot be reconciled w i t h t h e t e n e t s of t h e Church. League's Dilemma— The League being purely h u m a n i t a r i a n h a s failed in its objects, t o all i n t e n t s and purposes. T h i s is a n o t h e r indication of o u r self-contained eff o r t s t o solve i n t r i c a t e problems w h e r e good-will and an element of godliness a r e lacking. A strong m o r a l conviction, backed up by clear and honest consciences, should h a v e a t t a i n e d t h e requisite ends. B u t a s t r o n g moralising force, w h i c h h a s t h e sanction of religion can only find a d e q u a t e expression a m o n g peoples t h a t recognise a n d appreciate moral stand a r d s . W e a r e again a t t h e crossroads, a n d signs and p o r t e n t s do n o t c o n j u r e u p a h e a r t e n i n g pict u r e before o u r eyes. Yes. if h u m a n i t y is t o pogress a t all, it m u s t p e r m a n e n t l y oust t h e possibility of w a r and b r u t e force. We h a v e h e a r d t h i s r e p e a t e d times w i t h o u t n u m b e r , b u t w i t h no avail. A Catholic c o n t e m p o r a r y very a p t l y r e m a r k s : — " We c a n n o t have t h e new peace and t h e old greed at t h e s a m e t i m e - " This Is certainly t h e c r u x of t h e m a t t e r . Germany and I t a l y a r e bent on finding outlets for t h e i r surplus population. T h e r e is practically precious little left t o g r a b a t , even if a scramble for colonies s t a r t e d o u t r i g h t . It m u s t clearly be a case of robbing P e t e r t o p a y Paul- A b y s s i n i a and L i b e r i a s e e m to be m o r e or less w i t h i n e a s y reach w h e n compared w i t h t h e tedious possibility of t r a n s p l a n t i n g settlers in South A m e r i c a . I n a n y case t h e world is w a t c h i n g w i t h b r e a t h l e s s concern t h e u p s h o t of t h i s dispute, not with t h e s a m e l i g h t - h e a r t e d i n t e r e s t of a child enjoying a fire-works display b u t w i t h t h e q u a l m s of a realist. Louisiana's Dictator— T h e d e a t h of S e n a t o r Huey L o n g u n d e r t r a g i c circumstances, a t t h e h a n d s of a n assassin w h o h a s paid w i t h his own blood for h i s heinous a c t gives occasion for some reflection. It app a r e n t l y s h o w s down t h e civilisation of w h i c h we a r e so proud. E d u c a t i o n r e f t of m o r a l i t y and principles~of religion is onlv capable of p r o d u c i n g a class of gangst e r s a n d criminals, who t u r n tneir college o r university t r a i n i n g t ° 1

1

9

(Continued

on page 11)


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , SATURDAY, POPE'S A D D R E S S T O G E R M A N CATHOLIC YOUTHS. COUNSELS C O U R A G E I N T H E FACE OF DIFFICULTIES. Vatican City.—It is necessary never to lose courage, but to be ready and firm in t h e defence of the F a i t h a n d t o t r u s t in God, His Holiness P o p e P i u s X I told a g r o u p of German Catholic y o u t h s from the Diocese of T r i e r w h o m he r e ceived in audience of l a t e . While the p r e s e n t m o m e n t is r a t h e r difficult, t h e Holy F a t h e r w a r n e d t h e youths, it is possible t h a t m o r e difficult t i m e s will come. Welcoming t h e y o u t h s , Pope Pius said t h e n a m e G e r m a n y r e minded him of m a n y h a p p y a n d many painful t h i n g s . I t is painful, he said, to t h i n k of t h e s t r u g gle which s o m e a r e engaged in against God, a g a i n s t Christ in favour of m o d e r n p a g a n i s m . I t is happy, h e added, to t h i n k of so many s t r o n g , pious G e r m a n y o u t h s whose f a i t h is invincible. Then, w a r n i n g t h a t m o r e difficult times m a y b e ahead, H i s Holiness told t h e y o u t h s t h a t h e wished them a b e t t e r future, b u t that' a t the p r e s e n t t i m e t h e f u t u r e is not bright t o h i s eyes. B o t h t h e sons and t h e i r f a t h e r , h e continued, mus be r e a d y in loyalty and love for t h e defence of t h e Church. Concluding t h e audience w i t h his benediction, Pope P i u s g a ^ a special blessing for t h e Bishop and priests w h o a r e sc> sorely tried, a n d for t h e y o u t h s who e n d u r e t h e g r e a t b a t t l e for t h e defence of t h e faith. (N.C.W.C.) SOUTH A F R I C A N C O L L E G E DESTROYED BY FIRE. R o m e . — W o r d h a s been r e ceived h e r e of t h e d e s t r u c t i o n by fire of t h e college of t h e B r o t h e r s of C h a r i t y of Gand a t P i e t e r s b u r g , in t h e P r e f e c t u r e Apostolic of North T r a n s v a a l , S o u t h Africa. Two t h i r d s of t h e building w e r e completely destroyed, w i t h a loss of between £ 5 , 0 0 0 . - ^ 6 , 0 0 0 . H a p pily t h e r e w a s n o loss of life, t h e dormitory a t t a c h e d t o t h e college being c o n s t r u c t e d of reinforced concrete. A s h o r t circuit was t h e cause of t h e fire. L i t t l e could be done t o c o m b a t t h e conflagration due to t h e fact t h a t a s y e t Pietersburg possesses no fire d e p a r t m e n t . (Fides) FIFTY Y E A R S A MISSIONER IN THE FAR EAST.

GOSPEL

NOTES AND COMMENTS. (Continued

from

page

10)

heighten t h e i r bestial leanings, j Political or commercial i n t e r e s t s attain such a precedence over everything else t h a t n o moral dictate can s t a y a c r i m i n a l nand from

11

DIOCESE OF MALACCA. Calendar for the week.

for

Sept. 29. S U N D A Y — 1 6 t h SunSUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST. day a f t e r P e n t e c o s t . Michaelmas, ( L U K E , XIV, 1-11). Dedication of St. Michael t h e A r c h a n g e l ' s . Mass a n d Vespers A t t h a t t i m e , w h e n J e s u s went into t h e house of one of t h e of t h e F e a s t . chief of t h e P h a r i s e e s on t h e s a b b a t h - d a y t o eat bread, they w a t c h Sept. 30. Monday—St. J e r o m e , C. ed h i m . A n d behold t h e r e w a s a certain m a n before h i m t h a t h a d and D. t h e d r o p s y : a n d J e s u s a n s w e r i n g , spoke t o t h e l a w y e r s and P h a r i Oct. 1. Tuesday — St. Remigius, sees, s a y i n g , I s it lawful t o heal on t h e s a b b a t h - d a y ? B u t t h e y held B. a n d C. t h e i r p e a c e : b u t h e t a k i n g him, healed h i m , and sent him a w a y . Oct. 2. Wednesday — T h e Holy A n d a n s w e r i n g t h e m , h e said, Which of y o u shall h a v e a n a s s or an Guardian Angels. ox fall into a pit, and will not immediately d r a w him out on t h e Oct. 3. T h u r s d a y — S t . Teresa of s a b b a t h - d a y ? And t h e y could not a n s w e r him to t h e s e t h i n g s . And t h e Child J e s u s , V., P a t r o n e s s h e spoke a p a r a b l e also t o t h e m t h a t were invited, m a r k i n g how they of all t h e Missions. Double of chose t h e first s e a t s a t t h e table, s a y i n g t o t h e m , W h e n t h o u a r t t h e 1st Class with Octave. invited to a wedding, sit not down in t h e first place, lest p e r h a p s Oct. 4. F r i d a y — S t . F r a n c i s Of one m o r e honourable t h a n t h o u be invited b y h i m ; a n d h e t h a t inAssisi, C. vited t h e e a n d h i m come and say to thee, Give t h i s m a n place; and Oct. 5. S a t u r d a y — O f t h e Octave, t h e n t h o u begin with s h a m e t o t a k e t h e lowest place. But w h e n Semid. t h o u a r t invited, go, s i t down in t h e lowest place: t h a t when h e who invited t h e e cometh h e m a y say to thee, F r i e n d , go up h i g h e r ; t h e n DIOCESE OF MACAO. s h a l t t h o u h a v e glory before t h e m t h a t s i t a t table w i t h t h e e ; be• 0 • c a u s e every one t h a t e x a l t e t h himself shall be humbled, and h e t h a t CHURCH OF ST. JOSEPH. h u m b l e t h himself shall be exalted. COMMENTARY. Calendar for t h e week. T w o lessons m a y be l e a r n t from to stop w a r for ever. The L e a g u e j t h i s Gospel: (1) to w a t c h Jesus, of N a t i o n s w a s established a n d t h e Sept. 29. S U N D A Y — T h e Dedi] n o t a s t h e P h a r i s e e s w a t c h e d him " P r i n c e of P e a c e " w a s not invited cation of St. Michael t h e A r c h a n i b u t a s H e should be w a t c h e d and to preside a t it. J e s u s w a s p u r gel. (Sixteenth Sunday after posely s e t a p a r t by t h e world (2) h u m i l i t y . Pentecost.) White vestments. directed by Free-Masons. A n d t h e j WATCHING JESUS. P r o p e r of t h e Mass in t h e "Small Missal" p. 307. Second collect of J e s u s is being up to t h e p r e s e n t result w a s t h e fulfillment of I s a i a s ' t h e S u n d a y , p. 221. Preface of I d a y closely w a t c h e d by t h e world. w o r d s : " t h e r e is not peace t o t h e t h e S u n d a y . L a s t Gospel of t h e JHis doctrine h a s been carefully wicked, said t h e Lord God." Those J S u n d a y too. V e s p e r s of t h e {examined by t h e m o s t eminent who wonder a t t h e Pope's inability feast. {philosophers and, m u c h a g a i n s t to stop Mussolini in his w a r p r e i t h e i r will, t h e y have n e v e r found p a r a t i o n s a r e w a t c h i n g J e s u s in j Sept. 30. Monday — S t . J e r o m e , C D . Double. Ja flaw in it. T h e Gospels tell us t h e s a m e way as t h e old P h a r i s e e s Oct. 1. T u e s d a y — St. Remigius, j several i n s t a n c e s of t h i s s c r u t i n y . did. B.C. Simple. E v e n i n g Service ] T h e w o m a n t a k e n in a d u l t e r y w a s H O W MUST W E W A T C H in honour of Our L a d y a t 5.30. J to J e s u s ' enemies a " n i c e opporCHRIST? Oct. 2. W e d n e s d a y — T h e Guart u n i t y " to e n t a n g l e H i m into t h e By s t u d y i n g t h e v i r t u e s of H i s dian A n g e l s . G r e a t e r Double. I n e t w o r k e i t h e r of His o r of Moses, life and b y s t r i v i n g t o follow H i s E v . S e r v i c e : 5.30. j t e a c h i n g s . T h e t r i b u t e t o C a e s a r example. T h e Philosophers, t h e j Oct. 3. T h u r s d a y — S t . T h e r e s a of j is a n o t h e r clear proof of t h e inten- Leaders, t h e T e a c h e r s of t h e world t h e Child J e s u s , P a t r o n e s s of t h e itions of t h o s e w h o w a t c h e d h a v e followed a different line of | Missions, Double 1st cl. w i t h I J e s u s w a s accused of e a t i n g with i n s t r u c t i o n . They have written J octave. E v e n i n g service a t 5.30. ^sinners and receiving t h e m . J e s u s books, a n d t h e y h a v e said t o t h e | Oct. 4. F r i d a y — St. F r a n c i s of j w a s accused of t u r n n i n g a w a y t h e world: follow w h a t is w r i t t e n in Assisi, C. Greater-Double. A B S i people from their loyalty to t h e m . J e s u s pres-ents His own life j T I N E N C E . F i r s t F r i d a y of t h e j Caesar. as our model. T h e f o r m e r t a u g h t j M o n t h . General Communion a t Still J e s u s could s a y in t r u t h by m e a n s of t h e i r w o r d s ; t h e l a t t e r j t h e 6 o'clock Mass. Devotion of * a l w a y s : — " W h i c h of you shall con- by m e a n s of His own example, j t h e Holy h o u r from 5.30 t o v i n c e m e of s i n ? W h e n I was " L e a r n of me, H e s a y s , because I ! 6.30 p.m. 3daily with you in the t e m p l e , you arn meek and h u m b l e of h e a r t . 11 Oct. 5. S a t u r d a y — O f t h e octave. ^did not s t r e t c h forth y o u r h a n d s h a v e given you a n example, t h a t j Semi-double. ] a g a i n s t me. I h a v e spoken openly as I h a v e done, so you do a l s o . " i to t h e w o r l d ; I h a v e a l w a y s t a u g h t The Catholic C h u r c h s e t s con- i CATHOLIC W O M E N O R G A N I Z A j in t h e s y n a g o g u e a n d in t h e s i a n t l y before our eyes t h e I m a g e i T I O N S IN P O L A N D . | temple, w h i t h e r all t h e J e w s re- of J e s u s Crucified. This m u s t p o r t ; and in secret I h a v e said h a v e a deeper m e a n i n g t h a n t h e j Poznan, P o l a n d . — T h e 6 t h GeneJ nothing/' one which we m a y t h i n k of. T h e ral Congress of delegates of t h e Church w a n t s t h u s to impress upon JESUS A N D ABYSSINIA. Catholic Women's Union m e t h e r e This is t h e w a y how t h e world us t h e necessity of following J e s u s recently. T h i s Union comprises t h r o u g h His life, up t o t h e Cross, i watches Jesus. A t p r e s e n t , for all diocesan organizations of CaI instance, w e h a v e h e a r d from if t h e occasion arises. tholic W o m e n which form p a r t of I different q u a r t e r s , t h e inquisitive HUMILITY. Catholic Action. ] question, " w h y does n o t t h e Pope The second lesson presented by T h e r e p o r t s m a d e a t t h e Conj s i o p Mussolini from b r i n g i n g w a r t h i s Gospel is a lesson of a deep g r e s s reveal a very appreciable i i n t o Abyssinia V As if t h e Pope humility. Once m o r e J e s u s goes g r o w t h . A t t h e end of 1934, 2 0 l could, h u m a n l y speaking, stop a n y a g a i n s t t h e world. P r i d e is t h e diocesan associations, subdivided j n a t i o n from doing w h a t h e r root of all sin, in t h e same w a y a s into 1,287 parochial sections, n u m J leaders h a v e decided t o d o ? The h u m i l i t y is t h e root of all v i r t u e . bered 76,166 m e m b e r s . T h e y e a r iPope h a s proclaimed several times, If life does not belong to m a n , if preceding, t h e r e were only 426 secJin fact, h e m u s t be t i r e d of pro- he cannot keep himself alive d u r i n g tions totalling 22,672 m e m b e r s . c l a i m i n g t h e doctrine of Peace, of a single moment, without t h e aid In t h e course of 1934, t h e Union J Conciliation, of H a r m o n y , t a u g h t of God, w h y should h e esteem h i m organized 11,152 m e e t i n g s . 4,200 ]by J e s u s , whose R e p r e s e n t a t i v e he self so m u c h , as to forget t h e donor conferences w e r e given, a b o u t half jic. If t h e world does not follow of every grace, God H I M S E L F ? of t h e m by m e m b e r s of t h e Union. ]such doctrine, is the P o p e bound Therefore, let us not wonder a t t h e T h e associations exercise t h e i r j t o send his Swiss g u a r d s a g a i n s t following words of St. P a u l : "If j a c t i v i t y in t h e m o r e i m p o r t a n t J t h e offenders? H e r e we h a v e a n y m a n t h i n k himself to b e somedomains of social life, as, f o r thing, w h e r e a s h e is n o t h i n g , h e j a n o t h e r original sin. example, in s t r e n g t h e n i n g the T h e world t h o u g h t , a t t h e end deceiveth himself." bases of C h r i s t i a n m o r a l i t y , in e m | o f t h e G r e a t W a r , t h a t t h e League Are we deceiving ourselves, phasizing t h e duties a n d obligaJ of N a t i o n s would be s t r o n g enough t h e n ? tions of life, t h e education of youth, its p r e p a r a t i o n for t h e p r o c o m m i t t i n g a d a s t a r d l y a c t to re- j u s t l y proud t h a t no political a s s a s - fessions, etc. T h e Congress p a s s e d several move a rival w h o a t t e m p t s to take sination of t h i s s o r t h a s t a k e n t h e wind out of one's sail. t is place in t h e s e d a y s of e n l i g h t e n - resolutions inspired by t h e w a t c h word, "Sanctify y o u r F a m i l i e s , " m o r e cowardly and appalling t h a n ment a n d fair-play. The s p i r i t of which h a s been s u g g e s t e d by t h e t h e d a y s of duelling w h e n men t h e a g e is evident h e r e a g a i n , of settled t h e i r differences bv single a r r o g a t i n g divine justice in a v e n g - Polish Bishops a s a slogan for combat. E n g l a n d in p a r t i c u l a r is ing personal w r o n g s . Catholic Action organizations. ( L u m e n - L a CROIX) SIXTEENTH

1

9

Kirin ( M a n c h u k u o ) — T h e Rev. Camillus S a n d r i n , a p r i e s t of t h e Foreign Missions of P a r i s in t h e Vicariate of Kirkin, Manchuria, celebrates t h i s y e a r t h e 50th anniversary of h i s a r r i v a l in t h e F a r East. H e h a s n e v e r r e t u r n e d t o Europe and h e h a s n e v e r been outside his m i s s i o n a r y t e r r i t o r y except in 1900 w h e n t h e Boxer U p rising m a d e it n e c e s s a r y for h i m and o t h e r missionaries t o w i t h draw t e m p o r a r i l y . He was born at Delle, Belfort, F r a n c e , and is 74 years of a g e . He celebrated t h e Golden Jubilee of h i s ordination May 30. ( F i d e s )

28th SEPTEMBER, 1935.

7


12

RELIGIOUS PEACE AND HARMONY IN GERMANY

LETTER OF P O P E PIUS XI A N E N T FIRST ALL-CHINA CATHOLIC ACTION CONGRESS. TO OUR V E N E R A B L E BROHTER MARIO Z 4 N I N TITULAR ARCHBISHOP OF TRAIANOPOLIS IN RHODOPE A N D APOSTOLIC DELEGATE TO CHINA.

F I L M S O F I N D I A N PILGRIM A G E D R A W L A R G E CROWDS.

DEPEND ON OBSERVANCE OF CONCORDAT

F R A N K S T A T E M E N T B Y * O S S E R V A T O R E ROMANO.' V a t i c a n City.â&#x20AC;&#x201D;If i t i s desired t h a t d i s p u t e shall cease m Germ a n y a n d t h a t religious peace a n d h a r m o n y shall r e t u r n t o t h e people i t is n e c e s s a r y for t h e Nazi G o v e r n m e n t t o keep faith w i t h t h e concordat concluded b e t w e e n t h e Reich a n d t h e Holy See, Osservat o r e R o m a n o declared in a n editorial article reviewing t h e religious s i t u a t i o n in G e r m a n y . PIUS XI P O P E O s s e r v a t o r e also exposes a s a obligation in t h e Concordat, b u t in Venerable Brother, device which "climaxes all t h e in- fact t h a t h a s violated it often. In Health and Apostolic v e n t i o n s in journalistic h i s t o r y , " reality, t h e p a p e r says, it c o m b a t s Benediction. t h e r e p o r t in t h e Berlin edition of some f o r m s of misbelief of a M a r t h a t ! xist tendency, b u t encourages a n d W e h a v e been deeply gratified to t h e Volkischer Beobachter and | f a v o u r s o t h e r anti-religious f o r m s . l e a r n t h a t t h e first All-China Con- " r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s of Litvinoff g r e s s f o r Catholic A c t i o n is t o t h e P o p e w o r k for r e s t o r a t i o n of I A m o n g t h e lower classes, it deatc o n v e n e in t h e r e n o w n e d m e t r o - t h e H a p s b u r g s " a n d t h a t negotia- clares, books a n d periodicals polis of S h a n g h a i t h i s c o m i n g Sep- tions a r e u n d e r w a y f o r a con- t a c k i n g t h e C h u r c h h a v e been dift e m b e r . T h e f a i t h f u l of China, so cordat b e t w e e n t h e Holy See a n d fused in q u a n t i t i e s never r e a c h e d This O s s e r v a t o r e before. d e a r t o U s , realize v e r y well how Soviet R u s s i a . closely W e h a v e a t h e a r t t h e fur- s a y s , "reveals w i t h w h a t g r o t e s q u e T h e inspirer a n d leader of t h e t h e r a n c e in e v e r y w a y of Catholic m e t h o d s c e r t a i n circles t r y in s t r u g g l e a g a i n s t t h e Church, OsA c t i o n , duly c o n s t i t u t e d u n d e r t h e G e r m a n y t o impress a n d a r o u s e s e r v a t o r e c h a r g e s i s t h e s u p r e m e S a c r e d H i e r a r c h y , a s a m e a n s of public opinion a g a i n s t t h e Holy director of t h e c u l t u r e and educacomplementing and perfecting t h e See." tion of t h e people, who, w i t h o u t R e v i e w i n g t h e religious s i t u a - molestation, u s e s h i s official p o w e r w o r k of evangelization, since w e n o t e d t h i s in Our p a t e r n a l m e s s a g e , tion in t h e Reich, O s s e r v a t o r e r e - to s h o w a n t i - C h r i s t i a n ideas a s a n t e l e g r a p h i c a l l y t r a n s m i t t e d in 1928 f e r s t o t h e decree of Nazi Minister inalienable p a r t of t h e N a t i o n a l t o t h e O r d i n a r i e s of C h i n a a n d to G o e r i n g w h i c h speaks of a p r e - Socialist p r o g r a m m e , keeping t h e m h e r illustrious people. I t is well t e n d e d political Catholicism a n d u n d e r t h e S t a t e ' s protection. k n o w n t h a t , from t h e t i m e t h e a s k s t h e a u t h o r i t i e s t o proceed If, u n d e r p r e c e d i n g g o v e r n m e n t s l i g h t of C h r i s t b e g a n , t o s h i n e w i t h all legal m e a n s a g a i n s t eccle- t h e a t h e i s t m o v e m e n t accomplisht h e r e , zealous f a i t h f u l of b o t h s i a s t i c s accused, of t h e a b u s e of ed deplorable excesses, n e v e r t h e their m i n i s t r y for political p u r - less t h e r e r e m a i n e d to t h e faithful s e x e s h a v e n e v e r been, w a n t i n g in s e c o n d i n g God's m i n i s t e r s in t h e poses. T h e decree, O s s e r v a t o r e t h e l i b e r t y of defending t h e i r r e d i s c h a r g e of t h e i r s a c r e d func- s a y s , gives t h e impression t h a t ligious patrimony, while to-day t h e t i o n s . N o t a b l e a m o n g t h o s e en- t h e r e a r e a g r e a t n u m b e r of s i t u a t i o n is w o r s e , O s s e r v a t o r e s h r i n e d in h a p p y m e m o r y a r e P a u l p r i e s t s g u i l t y of such a b u s e , b u t says. In fact, it continues, t h e t h e accusation should b e received s t r u g g l e a g a i n s t t h e C h u r c h ei> H s u , f a m e d M i n i s t e r of S t a t e a n d l i t e r a t u s , a n d C a n d i d a H s u , a m o s t w i t h caution, because e v e r y o n e j o y s in m a n y cases real f a v o u r noble a n d devoted w o m a n , w h o k n o w s w h a t a . s e n s e of responsibi- from t h e S t a t e authorities, while p r o v e d , b o t h of t h e m , p o t e n t aids l i t y t h e Catholic clergy h a v e in t h e S t a t e and p a r t y o r g a n i s a t i o n s to t h e hierarchical apostolate.. e v e r y n a t i o n . T h e accusation, it employ every m e a n s to forbid bea d d s , is too a m p l e , a n d c a n n o t b e lievers t h e defence of t h e i r f a i t h / Catholic lay a s s o c i a t i o n s , w h i c h left w i t h o u t a n a n s w e r b a s e d on h a v e long flourished vigorously in Osservatore charges that when t h e objective verification of f a c t s . D r . Alfred R o s e n b e r g a t t a c k s t h e C h i n a , h a v e in a s i m i l a r m a n n e r r e n d e r e d splendid s e r v i c e s . And " I t is k n o w n , " t h e p a p e r conti- C h r i s t i a n faith, ecclesiastical innow, in t h e s h o r t t i m e since C a t h o - n u e s , " w i t h w h a t satisfaction t h e s t i t u t i o n s and t h e Papacy, it i s lic A c t i o n h a s , in a c c o r d a n c e w i t h conclusion of t h e concordat be- said t h a t h e is a p r i v a t e individual, O u r d e s i r e s a n d i n s t r u c t i o n s , been t w e e n G e r m a n y and t h e Holy See b u t w h e n t h e faithful a n d t h e organically constituted, it h a s w a s welcomed b y t h e episcopate, Bishops p r o t e s t a g a i n s t h i s a n t i pleased U s g r e a t l y t o l e a r n t h a t t h e Catholic clergy, t h e faithful, C h r i s t i a n activity, it is t h e n dea b u n d a n t f r u i t s h a v e a l r e a d y been a n d also b y circles o u t s i d e t h e clared t h a t h e is a h i g h functiong a t h e r e d a s r e g a r d s t h e e x t e n d i n g C h u r c h , a n d w i t h w h a t sincere r e - a r y of t h e S t a t e a n d t h e r e a c t i o n a n d s t r e n g t h e n i n g of t h e F a i t h solution t h e g r e a t m a j o r i t y of t h e a g a i n s t his p r o n o u n c e m e n t s is t h r o u g h united zeal a n d effort. population" w a s disposed t o co- j u d g e d a c r i m e a g a i n s t t h e S t a t e . L e t t h e P r e l a t e s of C h i n a a n d t h e i r o p e r a t e in t h e renovation of t h e i r "This s i t u a t i o n , " t h e p a p e r s a y s , D e l e g a t e s , s h o r t l y t o assemble, F a t h e r l a n d . B u t it is also kriown "is intolerable. I t is inadmissible t a k e f r o m t h e s e h a p p y auspices w h a t m o t i v e s suffocated t h a t en- t h a t w h e r e a concordat e x i s t s a a n d b e g i n n i n g s a n e w c o u r a g e for I t h u s i a s m , a n d , t h e r e f o r e , i t is u n - h i g h s t a t e f u n c t i o n a r y m a y m a k e e v e r g r e a t e r c o n q u e s t s a n d for a j u s t t o accuse Catholics of politi- his t a s k of educative w r i t e r consist w i d e r e x t e n s i o n of t h e i r noble e n - cal m a n o e u v e r s when t h e evidence in villifying continually a n d p u b d e a v o u r s . M e a n w h i l e , W e beseech of f a c t s p r o v e s t h a t t h e question licly t h e Catholic Church, a b u s i n g God A l m i g h t y t o b r i n g t o a suc- w i t h t h e m is absolutely religious. his official p o w e r for continual, cessful a n d h a p p y i s s u e b y a n I n a n y case, if some a t t i t u d e really banal a n t i - C h r i s t i a n p r o p a g a n d a . a b u n d a n c e of H i s celestial i n s p i r a - s e e m e d censurable, t h e Holy See It is intolerable t h a t jvhile friendtions and graces this the first should h a v e been informed a s is ship and protection a r e promised C o n g r e s s of Chinese f r o m all p a r t s c u s t o m a r y w h e r e a concordat h a s t h e Catholic C h u r c h j n a concordat of t h e Republic for t h e p u r p o s e of j been concluded." t h a t s a m e s u p r e m e dictator of p r o m o t i n g Catholic Action. May T u r n i n g t o Minister Goering's G e r m a n culture a n d education is t h e Apostolic Benediction, w h i c h d e c l a r a t i o n t h a t t h e conclusion of allowed t o insult and offend h e r e . W e , m o s t lovingly in t h e Lord, im- t h e concordat w i t h t h e Holy See It is intolerable t h a t t h e r e should p a r t upon You, V e n e r a b l e B r o t h e r , d e m o n s t r a t e d t h e peaceful i n t e n - be called to t h e mind of t h e C h u r c h upon t h e P r e l a t e s of C h i n a a n d t i o n of t h e Nazi p a r t y t o w a r d t h e t h e pledges s h e h a s t a k e n , a n d t h e i r Delegates a b o u t t o convene, C h u r c h , O s s e r v a t o r e s a y s t h a t if which she h a s faithfully observed, a n d upon all w h o a r e e x e r t i n g t h i s i s t r u e , Catholics d e m a n d t h a t while, a t t h e s a m e time, t h e S t a t e t h e m s e l v e s on behalf of Catholic t h e concordat be observed t h a t i t s a d o p t s a unilateral disposition t o Action, particularly Mr. Lo Pao b s e r v a n c e be not forbidden b y un- d e s t r o y t h e r i g h t s and l i b e r t y of h o n g , i t s illustrious P r e s i d e n t , be justified m e a s u r e s , a n d t h a t offi- t h e Church, a s is evidenced in t h e a p r e s a g e and a t o k e n of t h i s cial s t a t e m e n t incompatible w i t h decree of sterilization a n d t h e d i v i n e succour a n d a special t e s t i - t h e concordat be avoided. prohibition of a c t i v i t y on t h e p a r t m o n i a l of O u r affection. M i n i s t e r Goering's s t a t e m e n t of Catholic organisations. A p o w e r t h a t acts in t h i s m a n n e r m u s t a t Given a t Castel Gandolfo, R o m e , t h a t t h e N a t i o n a l Socialist s t a t e t r i b u t e to itself t h e non-confidence guarantees the intregrity of t h e t h i r t y - f i r s t d a y of J u l y , in t h e Christian c h u r c h e s , a n d t h e r e f o r e and coldness t h a t is c o n s t a n t l y y e a r 1935, t h e f o u r t e e n t h of O u r of t h e Catholic C h u r c h a n d g r a n t s increasing in circles of t h e f a i t h Pontificate. h e r i t s protection, d r a w s from ful a n d t h e C h u r c h . P I U S P.P. XI. O s s e r v a t o r e t h e feply t h a t t h e O s s e r v a t o r e characterizes a s " a m p S t a t e really did a s s u m e such a n w o r n formula used as' a p r e t e x t %

Madrasâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;On Sunday, August 19th, films s h o w i n g several striki n g scenes of t h e t h i r d Indian P i l g r i m a g e t o R o m e and the imp r e s s i v e ceremonies in connection w i t h t h e Canonization of St. John Bosco were exhibited a t one of the principal t h e a t r e s of Madras. Both t h e a f t e r n o o n a n d t h e evening perf o r m a n c e s w e r e crowded and many w e r e t u r n e d a w a y . More than 2,000 w i t n e s s e d t h e projections. T h e s t r i k i n g personality of the Holy F a t h e r , t h e magnificent procession p r e c e d i n g t h e Sovereign Pontiff on t h e occasion of the Canonization, a n d t h e final scone of t h e blessing of t h e crowd in the Piazza of S t . P e t e r ' s aroused great e n t h u s i a s m a m o n g t h e audience. T h e P o p e ' s voice could be heard q u i t e plainly a n d m a n y Catholics fell to t h e i r knees and blessed t h e m s e l v e s a t t h e m o m e n t of the bi-essing. On leaving t h e theatre several w e r e h e a r d saying, "I have seen t h e P o p e . I h a v e heard him. I a m proud of being a Catholic." A f t e r t h e s h o w i n g of the films. F r . L e Tellier, S.J., organizer of t h e t h r e e I n d i a n Pilgrimages to Rome, delivered a message from t h e Pope t o t h e Catholics of India, a r e s u m e of t h e a d d r e s s e s of His Holiness t o t h e pilgrims and t o Fr. L e Tellier in t h e course of special audiences. (Fides). for every p e r s e c u t i o n , " t h e mention in M i n i s t e r Goering's decree of "political Catholicism." "The C h u r c h is n o t in politics," Osservat o r e says, " b u t w h e n politics touc h e s t h e a l t a r , t h e Church h a s all t h e r i g h t t o defend herself. Great q u e s t i o n s t h a t i n t e r e s t t h e social life of t h e people h a v e their material side, w h i c h is w i t h i n t h e com p e t e n c y of t h e civil power, but t h e y also h a v e t h e i r moral side, which is m o r e i m p o r t a n t and can not be violated w i t h o u t g r a v e social h a r m . N o w t o exclude the C h u r c h f r o m m o r a l questions is to m i s c o m p r e h e n d h e r divine social mission, i s t o r e j e c t h e r apostolate w h e n it is m o s t necessary, and t h e C h u r c h will n e v e r yield to this r e s t r i c t i o n , because, a s w a s said in t h e Encyclical Quadragesimo Anno, s h e c a n n o t forget or neglect t h e m a n d a t e of custody and teac h i n g divinely conferred upon her in t h e field of social life, as everyw h e r e else w h e r e moral questions a r e discussed a n d regulated." Precisely t h i s essential right w a s recognised in t h e Church by t h e G e r m a n Concordat in Article One and in a n o t h e r (provision w h e r e t h e S t a t e engaged itself n o t to l i m i t in a n y w a y the public t e a c h i n g of Catholic doctrine, not only d o g m a t i c b u t also moral. Osservatore adds. "Goering," Osservatore says, declares himself a g a i n s t a Knlt u r k a m p f , b u t in reality is absolutely different. T h a n k s to Rosenb e r g a n d Company, t h e Kulturk a m p f is n o w a t r a g i c reality in G e r m a n y . If it is desired t h a t disp u t e shall cease and religious peace and h a r m o n y shall return to t h e people, it is necessary to keep' f a i t h w i t h t h e concordat. The C h u r c h d o e s n ' t m a k e a t t e m p t s on t h e life of t h e S t a t e , nor invade i t s field of activity, b u t reinforces i t s s t r u c t u r e and promotes its development, remembering those e t e r n a l r u l e s of life which are the foundation of every r i g h t and the b a s e of real civilization."


MALAYA

Our Short

CATHOLIC

Story

GERANNY'S CONVERT. By M a r y Bisgod.

LEADER,

S A T U R D A Y , 28th S E P T E M B E R , 1935.

18

FOR

PERFECT SNAPSHOTS

Old Lady Russell laid down her Eustace raised his eyebrows. 'Why, spectacles and the paper as she heard that's just what's always worrying me, the sound of a car driving up to the Granny. Is religion a form of Patfront door. Then she turned to her riotism, or is it something above all national feeling? You see here in maid. England it seems to be an adjunct of "Marie, bring me my red case. Thank our British feeling. The State appoints you. And Marie, I'm not to be disturbthe Archbishop under one Prime Ministed till I ring. I have very important er, and Dr. Black under another, and no things to discuss with my grandson. one can say they share the same Faith. You understand? Des choses tres imAnd with a quick succession of different portantes. N'est-ce-pas ? " governments we might get to a position "Oui, Madame, je comprends." And when every Bishop would be of a difMarie slipped by one door as the Rev. ferent opinion. It's very confusing, but Eustace Russell boisterously entered by of course, I suppose the Archbishop of the other. Canterbury, would always be the Head "Granny darling! How are you?" of our branch." Nobody in the world was so close to "Indeed I hope not," snorted the old Granny's heart as this young grandson lady. *1 don't approve of him at all. of hers, and yet nobody, except perI like York much better." Jiaps Marie, was so often scolded. "But Granny, you agree one or the "There, there, Eustace," and she frownObtainable from other must be Head?" ed as she raised her hands to her head, "Indeed I don't. W e l l have no Pope "don't be so impetuous, boy. I'm sure in England." my cap's crooked, and I expect I look "But Granny, Granny, don't you see. a perfect fright." Someone must be Head, and you asked ^Indeed you dqm't ,Granny. Thefr-e! what has the State to do with religior Now you're quite sedate again. Do you That's just what the Catolics asked in know, Granny, you're the most beautiReformation days." ful woman I know, yes, in spite of that "Huh! and soon found the answer terrifying smile." when they saw their heads tumbling And Eustace was right. The old lady about." made a beautiful picture fas she sat "Ah, then you do believe the State there in her Victorian dress, her grey should lay down what we have to bemost people never study any theology. curls under their lace cap dancing by to unite us to Himself. Of course, if lieve—that she was right is chopping My Council will go in for all that, and the side of those soft rosy cheeks which we were merely spirits it would be difoff those heads—that she has the same when the Bishop speaks as their mouthferent. Oh dear, dear this question of had never known any artificial help. piece they've got to obey, that's all." Sacraments is very puzzling. I don't "Nonsense, child, nonsense." But all \ right to-day?" "Don't argue boy. Now where's your The old lady drew herself up as see how we can do without them, and old people enjoy love and flattery pen? I want you to draft a letter for though daring contradiction. yet it's difficult to make everyone bethough they may pretend they don't, i Eustace looked thoughtful. "I see. In lieve alike. Either a thing is so or it and Lady Russell was no exception. She i me before I write to Mr. Sinclair. The old man is getting impatient with me fact, like the Pope, your head will be isn't If you and I add up a row of softly laid a jewelled hand on her I fear, yet it would be a bad day for infallible." figures, you may get one answer and grandson's arm and pressed it affection- | solicitors if everybody made one will "I don't know what you mean by inI should most probably get another. ately, fallible, but it stands to reason that the Addition was always my weak spot. Now let's be sensible, and get to j and no more. Now let me see—here's a copy of my last. The first part may Head of a house or a school or a Church But even if we both were wrong, yet business. I dare say you've guessed stand. They are all behaving themmust be obeyed, otherwise how could we are .certain there is an answer that why I sent for you." selves." they go on, divided amongst themis definitely right. Because you think Eustace smiled and nodded. "Anselves ?" "And am I' t o o ? " asked Eustace with your answer is right and because I think other will, isn't it, Granny?" He was a grin. "Evidently," mused Eustace, "Truth or hope mine is, it doesn't necessarily quite used to his grandmother's foible. "I hope so. I wish you thought a must be One." follow either of them is right. Yet Will after will the old lady had made little more of money. Let me give you '•What's that you're saying? Don't there is a right answer, and only one. and afterwards destroyed. Cats' homes, more." mumble, boy!" and the old lady turned All the rest are wrong. Truth is truth, Political Leagues, Christian Societies, "No, no, Granny darling. You've alover another sheet of paper. "Then of and none the less truth because some Hospitals and Hostels for reduced ready given me far too much according course we must encourage a certain people are unlucky enough to be poor Gentlewomen had each in their turn to my dear Saint Francis." amount of self-denial." at figures." been nominated as her heirs, only to be "Like fish on Fridays and in Lent." "Your Saint Francis, indeed. The eventually superseded, and to fall into With a cry, Eustace jumped to his "Certainly not. That's Romish. But man belonged to the Italian Mission." the background with a mere legacy as feet. "Granny dear, how clever you obviously you can't do your own will Eustace giggled. "Oh, Granny, he compensation. It was a sort of game, are! You've made everything quite all the time, and be holy too. Unless was a Catholic just as I am." Eustace thought, which the old lady clear to me. Do you know what you a Church is distinguished by the holiRubbish. If St. Francis had lived in played with herself. The only item are, darling? A real humbug. Yes, ness of its members, well, it's no better England you would have called him an which remained unaltered was the you are. Here have I been puzzling and than the S.P.C.A. No, no, I want my R.C. and he would have called you a £20,000 allotted to himself. worrying my brains day after day to people to be really good. I thought of Protestant." "Yes, dear, another will. That new find out where Truth lies, and you have having a fast day on the first Saturday "Oh, Granny, not that ugly word, matron at St. Luke's does not please found it out all by yourself. Why it's of every month. That would remind please." splendid. Do you know you're an R.C. me at all. Much too hoighty-toighty— them that reparation is due for sin. Good enough for your Grandfather, Granny—a real Catholic; and, by Jove, extravagant, too. She's—well I don't and good enough for me. Catholic is i They must also be distinguished by you've converted me." intend to leave my money to any Soonly for R.C.'s. Just wait till we put j their charity." ciety which approves of such people, so "Eustace! Stop! How dare you?" we'll just write them down for £1,000 R.P. against them." ; "Yes," assented Eustace half seriousBut Eustace would not stop. "And instead. Have you your fountain pen, Eustace looked his surprise. " R . P . ? " ly, "we ought to make a few saints. to think you've got there all by your dear? You know I never let anyone "Yes. Real Protestant against R.C. Saint Granny to begin with." own cleverness. How topping! Look use mine." —Real Catholic. I am going to leave "Saints! Rubbish! There have been Granny at what you've said. 'A Church "Yes Granny. Here it is," and the money to Dr. Black to found a real no saints since the Reformation." must not and cannot be subject to any Eustace drew a sheet of paper towards Protestant Church." "Oh Granny, I'm sure you're wrong." State.' That is what the Catholic him. "Let me see now, this will be the "But Granny!" "Silly boy, I don't mean that. I Church has always held. Then T h e fifteenth Society which is to receive "And why not? There's a church at mean there's been no one to make them Church must have one Head.' You have £1000 " saints. And I don't like flattery. Now j shown me clearly how necessary it is Brighton founded by a Lady someone, The* old lady nodded. "Ah! And to here," and the old lady took up another i to have one chief Bishop, call him Pope which shows there's nothing so odd in think that each of them was nearly getthe idea. Of course, if Dr. Black won't page, "here's my idea of how the R.P.'s or any other name." ting the whole. But it's their own heln me I shall have to sound another must spread themselves throughout the i "Eustace! Eustace! Be silent!" fault, there's so little sense in the world Empire." Bishop, or perhaps ." "No Granny, I won't, not till I've these days. I've a very good mind to "But Granny—!" "The foreigner then is cut off." thanked you for making all this so clear leave everything to you, Eustace." "Don't interrupt, child. Now here on "Well, do you know, Eustace dear, to me. You've just proved—what Pre Eustace shook his head. "Much this sheet you have my ideas clearly foreigners don't seem to make good always suspected—that the Catholic better not, Granny dear. I should only stated. I want you to take this home Protestants, except, of course, the GerChurch is the Church for me." give it away, and you'd lose all your with you and read it carefully." mans. The others always seem to be The old lady stood up and spluttered fun." "But Granny, it's ridiculous—it's abCatholic or nothing." in her wrath. "If you dare to become surd. You can't possibly found a "Fun indeed. But I do wish you'd "Still, it doesn't seem right to deprive a Roman Catholic your name shall be Church." bave more sense my boy. All this them of truth because they happen not struck out of my will." "Can't I? And pray why not? Do High-fangled nonsense annoys me. Holy to be British." Eustace laughed. "Darling Granny, vou think I've less sense than Queen Poverty indeed! There was no Holy The old lady looked puzzled. "No, I I'll love you just as much if it is. It's Elizabeth? You'll find my ideas very Poverty when I was a child. We never suppose not. Faith shouldn't be mixed all your fault, you're so much cleverer like hers except that I shall not allow up with nationality. It ought to be beard of such a thing. I wonder what than I am and you've put me on the Parliament to poke its finger into my your Grandfather would have said, he above all that. Besides if you don't try right track at last, God bless you." pie. It was all right in the old davs Wouldn't have made a fortune on your to convert everyone it rather suggests Granny was almost speechless now. when we were governed bv gentlefolk, ideas. Money and religion never had you don't quite believe you possess the She pointed to the door and gasped: but to-dav when anv Tom, Bill or Harry anything: to do with each other in his real Truth. I didn't think of that. "Go, go." can be Prime Minister—well, what do «fe. 'God is a spirit,' he used to say, However, that point can wait. Now Eustace bent down and kissed the old they know about Bishops?" . nd must be worshipped in sprit and here are my notes on doctrine. We'll lady. "Thank you a thousand times » truth.' " "But Dr. Black? Who appointed get back to the Primitive Church—the Granny darling. I'll write to you from him ? I have an idea it was—well, say Aoostles' Creed. I don't believe in Eustace nodded. "In truth. Granny, Rome." a Tom, Bill or Harry." trimmings. They sowed the seed." you wouldn't believe how often I ask * * * * * "Dear! dear boy! How you love myself: 'What is T r u t h ? ' " Eustace nodded. "Yes, and the seed arguing. Now listen. In my Church Two years later old Lady Russell sat out Lady Russell was turning over germinated and grew into a mighty I'm going to set up a Council of ten, tree." explaining to her lawyer, Mr. Sinclair, {** Papers, all unheeding. "Now I've and when Dr. Black dies ." how she wished her latest will to be reading all about this fuss in "Interrupting again." scolded the old "That is, of course, if he accepts." lady. "But I have worked it out. The i drawn up. "Churches and priests," she don't "Of course. Don't be silly Eustace. said firmly, "that is what we Catholics Christian religion must be founded on Well, then, the Council is to appoint a most need. So put down £5,000 to w ? T religious mind. I mean— what the Anostles learnt from Jesus successor without reference to anyone." Christ Himself." you're a bad boy Eustace, I know you re Father Lester, he will find a use for it "Just like the Pope is appointed," laughing at me. Well, about Cheuton. I know. And in spite of what he says "Apostolic Succession evidently,' murmured Eustace, but the old lady, all p e come to the conclusion Bishop Black put Eustace's name down for £40,000. murmured the unrenentant Eustace. unheeding, went on. • in the ripto. There's no nonsense He will find every penny of it useful "And Granny, what about Sacraments?" "And every individual is to obey. I'm about him. He stands for the Reformwhen they make him a Bishop, as they're "Ah, I fear that is where Dr. Black ation, and T think it very wrone that the not going to have any arguments in m y sure to do. Perhaps," and the old lady and I may differ. You see, my dear, it Church. A pretty thing it would be if ate should allow the Archbishop to drew herself up proudly, "they might seems to me that as we're human, God everyone set themselves up to judge ^erride his decisions. After all, what even make him a Cardinal. And to what is right or wrong, especially as must surely use created things in order the State to do with religion?" think it wag I who converted him.

ALL PHOTO DEALERS

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14

More Outbursts Against the Church. NAZI GOVERNOR OF BADEN'S ACCUSATIONS.

COMMUNISTS, FLOODS A N D E A R T H Q U A K E IN C H I N A . H A M P E R WORK OF A M E R I C A N PASSIONISTS.

( B y N.C.W.C. N e w s Service) Yuanling (Hunan, China)—InA m s t e r d a m . — Open w a r f a r e Charities, t h e h e a d q u a r t e r s of v a s i o n b y c o m m u n i s t s , soldiers a n d a g a i n s t t h e Catholic C h u r c h w a s v/hich a r e t h e r e , i n t i m a t i n g t h a t independent charities s e v e r e floods, accompanied b y a n announced lately by R o b e r t Catholic e a r t h q u a k e , c o n t i n u e t o i m p e d e t h e W a g n e r , N a z i G o v e r n o r of t h e should no longer b e t o l e r a t e d . w o r k of t h e A m e r i c a n P a s s i o n i s t s S t a t e of B a d e n , s p e a k i n g a t Loe?Msgr. Karl Heisig, of L a u b a n , i n c h a r g e of t h e V i c a r i a t e A p o s t o - r a c h . Silesia, h a s been sentenced t o t h r e e lic of Y u a n l i n g . Several of t h e and a-half-years in t h e peniten"Political i n t e r f e r e n c e s by t h e t i a r y a n d fined $16,000; S i s t e r s m i s s i o n a r i e s h a v e been forced t o r e m a i n a w a y f r o m t h e i r s t a t i o n s C h u r c h will n o longer be t o l e r a t - L u i t g a r d i s Kneppek a n d Rosali-e for m o r e t h a n nine m o n t h s b e - ed/* h e s a i d . " T h i s C h u r c h is t h e Bell, of t h e O r d e r of S t . Charles c a u s e t h e t e r r i t o r y is in t h e h a n d s only h a n d i c a p in o u r w a y . " A t - Borromeo, to t h r e e y e a r s in jail of t h e c o m m u n i s t s . T h e S i s t e r s t a c k s a g a i n s t N a t i o n a l Socialism, and fines of $20,000, a n d S i s t e r o t C h a r i t y of Convent S t a t i o n , h e added, would b e considered h o s - Rosa Voelk t o five m o n t h s in jail, N e w J e r s e y , a n d t h e S i s t e r s of S t . tile a c t s a g a i n s t t h e S t a t e and d e a l t all of t h e m charged w i t h violating J o s e p h h a v e only r e c e n t l y b e e n en- w i t h accordingly. I n t h e long r u n , t h e c u r r e n c y laws. abled t o r e t u r n t o t h e m i s s i o n f r o m h e said, n e i t h e r t h e Catholic P r e s s T h e Rev. L u d w i g R o t h , of nor i n d e p e n d e n t Catholic associaHankow. H a n a u , w a s sentenced t o eight M r . P a u l R. Josselyn, A m e r i c a n tions could b e allowed t o exist. m o n t h s in j a i l because h e said in a B a v a r i a n P r e m i e r Siebert s p o k e Consul-General a t H a n k o w , h a s s e r m on t h a t German Catholics been of invaluable a s s i s t a n c e t o t h e similarly in a n a d d r e s s a t Wiessee, m i s s i o n a r i e s , in W e s t e r n H u n a n w h e n h e i n s i s t e d t h e C h u r c h m u s t should b e p r e p a r e d to suffer t h e d u r i n g t h e invasions. H e s e n t be absolutely s e p a r a t e d from t h e s a m e t r i a l a s t h e C h r i s t i a n s in -timely w a r n i n g s of C o m m u n i s t S t a t e a n d t h a t p r i e s t s m u s t e x e r - Russia. T h e Rev. Siegfried Hoppe m o v e m e n t s a n d a r r a n g e d w i t h civil cise no influence w h a t e v e r in t h e t h e Rev. J o s e p h K u e r m a n n a n d t h e a n d m i l i t a r y a u t h o r i t i e s for t h e political education of t h e people. Rev. Alois Schulz w e r e sentenced s a f e t y of t h e missionaries a n d Sis- " T h e u n i t y of t h e n a t i o n , " he said, to six, f o u r a n d eight m o n t h s in t e r s . L a t e r , w h e n t h e missiona- | " m u s t s t a n d above t h e denomina- j jail, respectively, by a court i n j Braunsberg, E a s t Prussia, charged ries returned to their missions tions a n d t h e i r i n s t i t u t i o n s . " some w e r e found t o be occupied b y j All p r o p e r t y of t h e Catholic I w i t h " d e f a m a t i o n of policeman." Tension in G e r m a n y b e t w e e n t h e troops. T h r o u g h t h e efforts of Y o u t h J u g e n d k r a f t in t h e S t a t e "of Mr. J o s s e l y n t h e s e p r e m i s e s w e r e B a d e n h a s b e e n confiscated d e s p i t e j Catholics a n d t h e Nazis is g r o w i n g i m m e d i a t e l y e v a c u a t e ^ b y t h e sol- t h e p r o t e s t of t h e Most Rev. K o n - J visibly d a y b y day. I t is now r u diers a n d h a n d e d over t o t h e m i s - r a d G r o e b e r , A r c h b i s h o p of F r e i - j m o u r e d t h a t a n a n n o u n c e m e n t will sionaries. b u r g . A t t h e s a m e t i m e t h e N a z i ; be m a d e soon by t h e G o v e r n m e n t T h e s e v e r e floods in C e n t r a l n e w s p a p e r in F r e i b u r g a t t a c k e d i concerning t h e Concordat w i t h t h e China this summer have added to t h e National G e r m a n Catholic /Holy See. (N.C.W.C.) t h e difficulties. Several m i s s i o n s suffered d a m a g e w h e n t h e h i g h w a t e r caused compound walls a n d C A T H O L I C S U M M E R C O U R S E S A P O S T O L I C D E L E G A T E TO buildings t o collapse. T h e disC A N A D A V I S I T S I N D I A N MISp e n s a r y of t h e S i s t e r s of C h a r i t y J I N A U G U R A T E D I N T O K Y O . SIONS. a t Y u a n l i n g lay e n t i r e l y u n d e r j w a t e r for d a y s ; t h e i r C o n v e n t be- j T o k y o . — T w o s e r i e s of c u l t u r a l i n g in d a n g e r a t t h e s a m e t i m e , j P r i n c e R u p e r t ( B r i t i s h Columconferences for m e n a n d w o m e n A t t h e h e i g h t of t h e flood a n e a r t h bia, C a n a d a ) — H i s Excellency t h e w e r e held in T o k y o a t t h e e n d of q u a k e occured w h i c h c h u r n e d u p ; Most Rev. A n d r e w Cassulo, Apost h e r i v e r c a u s i n g h u g e w a v e s t o \ J u l y . T h e c o u r s e for t h e m e n w a s tolic Delegate to Canada, recently o r g a n i z e d b y t h e Diocesan Catholic roll t h r o u g h t h e s t r e e t s . A n u m - : b e r of lives w e r e lost a n d m a n y Y o u t h o r g a n i z a t i o n a n d w a s a t - visited t h e Indian Missions in B r i h o m e s d e s t r o y e d . T h e s u d d e n u p - j t e n d e d b y a b o u t 70 m e n f r o m all tish Columbia. A t t h e Mission of h e a v a l of t h e r i v e r t u r n e d over p a r t s of J a p a n a s well as s o m e F o r t St. J o h n , oldest a n d m o s t n u m e r o u s b o a t s , t h e o c c u p a n t s from S h a n g h a i a n d M a n c h u k u o . beautiful mission in t h e V i c a r i a t e b e i n g d r o w n e d . D u r i n g t h e q u a k e T h e m e e t i n g s w e r e held a t t h e of Y u k o n and P r i n c e R u p e r t , m o r e a m o u n t a i n side slid i n t o t h e r i v e r Regional S e m i n a r y of Tokyo f r o m i t h a n 600 I n d i a n s g a t h e r e d from all o b l i t e r a t i n g a mission s t a t i o n . J u l y 2 1 s t t o 3 0 t h . I n spite of t h e p a r t s of t h e province t o payHRomT h e r e t u r n of t h e S i s t e r s of h e a v y p r o g r a m m e ( t h r e e h o u r s a g e t o t h e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of t h e C h a r i t y w a s celebrated a t Y u a n - each morning and two each Pope a n d to receive Holy Commul i n g b y t h e Religious P r o f e s s i o n of a f t e r n o o n ) i n t e r e s t w a s i n t e n s e ! nion f r o m h i s h a n d s . Some t r a v e i S i s t e r M. J o s e p h C h a n g a t t h e Con- t h r o u g h o u t t h e course. I n t h e I led 500 miles t o a t t e n d the v e n t of t h e L i t t l e F l o w e r on t h e evenings, a n i m a t e d c o n v e r s a t i o n s j ceremony. D u r i n g t h e s e r m o n H i s F e a s t of t h e Sacred H e a r t . S i s t e r religious topics w e r e e n g a g e d in ; Excellency spoke in m o v i n g t e r m s M. J o s e p h is t h e second n a t i v e u n d e r t h e direction of foreign a n d I of t h e love w h i c h t h e Holy F a t h e r m e m b e r of t h e c o m m u n i t y . S h e \ n a t i v e p r i e s t s . H i s Excellency t h e I h a s for t h e s e Indian children of h a s a n u m b e r of r e l a t i v e s in t h e Most R e v e r e n d Mons. C h a m b o n , I his, sons of t h e forest, and for p r i e s t h o o d a n d in t h e religious life, A r c h b i s h o p of Tokyo, g a v e a conI t h e i r missionaries. (Fides) a n d a n uncle a m e m b e r of t h e ference on Mariology a n d t h e Chinese hierarchy. (Fides) Apostolic D e l e g a t e , H i s Excellency AMERICAN RELIGIOUS A r c h b i s h o p Marella gave a n exWORK B E G U N AMONG T A K E VOWS I N C A N A D A . t r e m e l y i n t e r e s t i n g lecture on O RIENTALS IN BRITISH C h r i s t i a n Archaeology. Quebec.—The Misses Monica j COLUMBIA. T h e l e c t u r e c o u r s e for women PeJletier a n d J o s e p h i n e Morin of F a l l River, Mass., h a v e received w a s o r g a n i z e d contemporaneously P r i n c e R u p e r t — ( B r i t i s h Columt h e h a b i t of t h e S i s t e r s of C h a r i t y b y t h e Catholic newspaper, Nippon C a n a d a )—Approximately of Quebec. In t h e religious life I K a t o r i k k u S h i m b u n , and t h e con- bia, t h e y a r e known, respectively, a s f e r e n c e s held a t t h e Catholic Girls' j 1,100 of t h e 45,000 i n h a b i t a n t s of S i s t e r s St. Monica a n d S t . J o s e p h H i g h School. About 30 Catholic t h e V i c a r i a t e Apostolic of Yukon Herve. women a t t e n d e d , a s well as several and P r i n c e R u p e r t a r e J a p a n e s e On t h e following d a y S i s t e r S t . non-Catholics. T h e i r Excellencies and Chinese, almost all p a g a n s . M a r g a r e t , w h o was Lillian Labelle I A r c h b i s h o p Marella and A r c h - D u r i n g t h e s u m m e r t h e y a r e all of B r o c k t o n , Mass., a n d S i s t e r S t . bishop C h a m b o n spoke on " T h e concentrated on t h e coast, w o r k i n g M a r i e Lea, t h e f o r m e r A n n a J o n e s Responsibilities of t h e Catholic in t h e fisheries, and His Ercellency of Belleford, N.J., pronounced t h e i r W o m a n " a n d " T h e Ideal Life of t h e Mons. Bunoz, O.M.., h a s t a k e n adp e r p e t u a l vows, and Miss B e a t r i c e Catholic W o m a n " , respectively. v a n t a g e of this g a t h e r i n g to send L a p o i n t of N e w Bedford, Mass., ! a m o n g t h e m one of h i s missionaI t i s ' h o p e d t o m a k e t h e s e confeIter t e m p o r a r y \ w s and took t h e I ries, in company w i t h a n interDame of S i s t e r S t . J u l i a n E y m a r d . rences a n a n n u a l institution. j preter. (Fides) ( F i d e s ) (N.C.W.C.) :

N O T F E E L I N G U P TO IT? Not actually ill, but decidedly offcolour; many a man finds himself in just such a condition during the summer months, and in most cases the trouble is due to an impoverished state of the blood. Excessive perspiration has weakened the vital forces, and if a test were made it would in all probability reveal that the blood is deficient in both red ; corpuscles and haemoglobin. To remedy this and quickly to restore normal health and strength a course of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills is usually all that is required. Try a course of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, and it will not be long before you too are praising their efficacy to other sufferers. Chemists everywhere sell DR. WILLIAMS' PINK PILLS.

20,000 C A N A D I A N S VISIT S H R I N E O F ST. A N N . Ste. A n n e de B e a u p r e , Q u e . — W i t h n e a r l y 20,000 pilgrims p r e sent, a n d 150 M a s s e s celebrated d u r i n g t h e day, t h e observance of the feast of St. A n n here w a s one of t h e m o s t notable in t h e h i s t o r y of t h e famous shrine. P i l g r i m s c a m e from m a n y p a r t s of t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d Canada and t h e special services were broadcast over a t r a n s - C a n a d a and American: g r o u p of s t a t i o n s . More t h a n 12,000 of t h e pilgrims received Holy Communion. T h e ceremonies concluded with a procession of pilgrims through t h e s t r e e t s of t h e village. The Blessed Sacramjent and t h e relics of St. A n n w e r e c a r r i e d , and a f t e r w a r d s A r c h b i s h o p McGuigan gave a special blessing to t h e 200 sick present. J u l y 28, 10,000 m o r e pilgrims visited t h e s h r i n e a n d 60 Masses w e r e celebated, w i t h more than 7,000 p e r s o n s receiving Holy Comm u n i o n , I n Quebec city, 20 miles a w a y , in t h e evening, t h o u s a n d s of children joined in a torchlight procession in h o n o u r of t h e Saint. (Lumen-N.C.W.C.) T W O M I S S I O N A R I E S NAMED TO SCHOOL COMMITTEE IN INDOCHINA.

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Saigon ( I n d o - C h i n a ) — T h e Rew F a t h e r s C a s s a i g n e a n d Decrouville b o t h m e m b e r s of t h e P a r i s Foreign Mission Society, have been named t o t h e Commitee appointed by the R e s i d e n t S u p e r i o r of A n n a m for t h e alphabetical transcription of t h e Moy dialect and i t s incorporation i n t o t h e school books of the c o u n t r y . T h e Committee., presided over by Monsieur Coedes D i r e c t o r of t h e F r e n c h School of t h e F a r E a s t , held i t s first meeting at Dalat July 30th. F a t h e r C a s s a i g n e h a s spent his whole a p o s t o l a t e a m o n g the Moy peoples a n d F a t h e r Decrouville is P r i n c i p a l of t h e Cuenot Schoo^ at Kontum. (Fides)

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MALAYA

CATHOLIC L E A D E R ,

S A T U R D A Y , 28th SEPTEMBER, 1935.

ST. MICHAEL AND ALL ANGELS. CELEBRATED

ON 29TH

15

HOLY F A T H E R ' S A R R I V A L CASTEL G 0 N D 0 L F 0 .

SEPTEMBER.

AT

IMPARTS BLESSING TO CHEERING CROWDS. recalls t h e combat which took place in heaven between " t h e V a t i c a n . City.—His Holiness Still o t h e r automobiles, following, a r c h a n g e l of God who deserved to Pope P i u s X I w a s accorded a m o s t carried m e m b e r s of t h e staff. be placed a t t h e head of t h e hea- e n t h u s i a s t i c welcome when h e a r Pope Pius w e r e a black clock | venly h o s t " and t h e devil. H a v i n g rived a t Castelgondolfo t o t a k e u p : over his w hite s o u t a n e . As t h e j fallen t h r o u g h sin into t h e power h i s residence a t t h e P a p a l villa. procession of c a r s m a d e its w ay of S a t a n , it is S t . Michael's p a r t t h r o u g h t h e Piazza di San P i e t r o The s q u a r e of Castlegondolfo in and along t h e r o u t e t o CastelgonI to c o n t i n u e t h e fight for o u r deli| verance ( P r a y e r after M a s s ) : front of t h e villa was filled w i t h a I dolfo, t h r o n g s knelt a t v a r i o u s I w h e r e f o r e our g u a r d i a n a n g e l s a r e c h e e r i n g t h r o n g . A m o n g t h o s e points t o receive t h e Holy F a t h e r ' s j s u b o r d i n a t e to him. St. Michael p r e s e n t w e r e all t h e s t u d e n t s of t h e \ blessing. E n r o u t e t o t h e P a p a l | conquered S a t a n ' s pride and ob- I N o r t h A m e r i c a n College in R o m e I villa, Pope P i u s travelled on t h e | t a i n s h u m i l i t y for us. It is also he j a n d t h e s t u d e n t bodies of o t h e r beautiful new road a l o n g t h e Cir\ who p r e s i d e s over t h e w o r s h i p of ecclesiastical colleges and insti- cus M a x i m u s archaeological zone. T h e His Holiness g r e a t l y admired t h e Angels from t h e v e r y n a m e , e x - adoration rendered to t h e Most t u t e s in t h e neighbourhood. pressive of t h e i r d u t i e s , not t h e i r H i g h , f o r he offers t o God t h e a r r i v a l of t h e Holy F a t h e r w a s a n - scene, recalling t h e ancient a n d nature, a r e m e s s e n g e r s or minis- p r a y e r s of t h e S a i n t s symbolised nounced by t h e r i n g i n g of bells and i m p o s i n g R o m a n m o n u m e n t s filled tering spirits ready to j o u r n e y a t by incense whose smoke rises .to- a t r e m e n d o u s o u t b u r s t of applause w i t h so m a n y C h r i s t i a n m e m o r i e s , the Lord's bidding t o d i s t a n t m i s - w a r d s h e a v e n (Offertory, Blessing on t h e p a r t of t h e people. especially t h e Via Appia, along t h e When a Chrissions. T h e angels a r e p u r e spirits of t h e I n c e n s e ) . m o s t i n t e r e s t i n g p a r t of which t h e Shortly a f t e r his a r r i v a l a t t h e who worship round t h e t h r o n e of tian h a s left t h i s world, we p r a y Holy F a t h e r passed. (N.C.W.C.) God and act as H i s m i n i s t e r s to t h a t s t a n d a r d - b e a r e r St. Michael | villa, H i s Holiness appeared on a I balcony overlooking t h e s q u a r e to men. In r e w a r d for t h e i r fidelity should introduce h i m into h e a v e n ; WORLD EXHIBITION OF they see face t o face a n d t h e y h a v e he i s o f t e n represented w i t h t h e I give his blessing. T h e people a p CATHOLIC PRESS. power to resist t h e efforts of t h e | scales of divine j u s t i c e w h e r e i n plauded t h e Holy F a t h e r ' s a p p e a r V a t i c a n C i t y . — T h e plans for t h e ance, a n d t h e s t u d e n t s of P r o p a evil spirits who rebelled a g a i n s t souls a r e weighed. His n a m e is j World Exposition of t h e Catholic God, and who seek t o d r a g us with mentioned in t h e Confiteor, a f t e r g a n d a College s a n g acclamations. ! P r e s s t o be opened h e r e in A p r i l them to destruction. F r o m early j t h a t of M a r y who is Qeen of t h e T h e Pope r e m a i n e d on t h e balcony 1936 h a v e been definitely approved for some m i n u t e s , g r e e t i n g a n d years children should be t r a i n e d in Angels. blessing t h e people. H e i m p a r t e d by H i s Holiness Pope P i u s XI. -devotion to t h e Angels. . T h e plans call for a large pavia special blessing on t h e occupants St. Michael was t h e p r o t e c t i n g of a balcony on t h e municipal lion w i t h 15,000 s q u a r e feet of This day is sacred in t h e C h u r c h angel of t h e Synagogue, as h e is palace, w h e r e all local a u t h o r i t i e s space a n d t w o pavilions, n e x t t o to St. Michael and all t h e Angels. now of t h e Church which h a s suc- ! w ere g a t h e r e d t o cheer His Holi- t h e e n t r a n c e t o t h e Exhibition, He is j u s t l y considered t h e i r ceeded it. To h i m t h e l i t u r g y \ n e s s . . each 2,500 s q u a r e feet in area, leader because of t h e p r o m i n e n t j a t t r i b u t e s t h e revelation of t h e i T h e large pavilion will contain place S c r i p t u r e gives hini in i t s f u t u r e m a d e to St. J o h n in t h e Pope P i u s left t h e V a t i c a n a t a capacious half of honour comH e enjoys t h e dis- 6.55 o'clock on a Wednesday even- m u n i c a t i n g w ith t h e C h i a r a m o n t i description of t h e b a t t l e between Apocalypse. -the hosts of Heaven a n d t h e rebel tinction of very special h o m a g e ing, a n d a r r i v e d a t Castelgondolfo M u s e u m , w hence t h e Holy F a t h e r a r m y of S a t a n . T h e Holy Book with whole cities, c o u n t r i e s , and 40 m i n u t e s l a t e r . Five automobiles will e n t e r t h e E x h i b i t i o n on t h e mentioned t w o o t h e r A r c h a n g e l s , peoples. F r a n c e considers herself w e r e in line. T h e first c a r r i e d d a y of i t s i n a u g u r a t i o n . T h e r e will St. Raphael, sent a s a guide t o t h e deeply indebted t o t h i s powerful Governor Camillo Serafini of V a t i - also b e t w e n t y - s i x lesser halls s e t y o u n g e r Tobias, a n d S t . Gabriel, p r o t e c t o r for t h e m a n y blessings can a n d t h e C o m m a n d e r of t h e aside f o r t h e Catholic P r e s s of P a p a l G e n d a r m e r i e . His Holiness v a r i o u s n a t i o n s and five halls for the herald of t h e I n c a r n a t i o n , t h e accorded h e r in h i s t o r y . rode in t h e second automobile, ac- t h e Catholic P r e s s of Mission sweetest m e s s a g e e v e r b o r n e f r o m A r c h a n g e l e Michael, c o n s t i t u i t e companied by Monsignor Caccia, c o u n t r i e s . Heaven to e a r t h . C o n s t r u c t i o n of t h e principem s u p e r o m n e s a n i m a s sus- t h e M a s t r o di C a m e r a . In t h e pavilions has been e n t r u s t e d t o t h e St. Michael's s u p e r i o r i t y is ex- cipiendas—O A r c h a n g e l Michael, third automobile were Monsignor j technical office of V a t i c a n City. pressed in his n a m e . Mi-cha-el is I h a v e m a d e t h e e a prince, t h a t C a m e r i e r i a n d Monsignor S e g r e t i . T h e p l a n s a r e t h o s e of A r c h i t e c t the Hebrew equivalent of Quis ut thou m a y e s t receive t h e souls of Count F r a n c o R a t t i , nephew of t h e P o n t i . Holy F a t h e r , and E n g i n e e r CasDeus? or W h o is like G o d ? a n d all. Construction work on t h e pavitelli, director of Vatican City lions is t o be completed by t h e end technical services, occupied t h e of t h e y e a r so t h a t t h e first t h r e e f o u r t h m a c h i n e . A physician and m o n t h s of 1936 m a y b e devoted t o UNITED STATES RELIGIOUS JOURNAL DISFAVOURS t h e C o m m a n d e r of t h e Noble t h e a r r a n g e m e n t of m a t e r i a l . G u a r d s rode in t h e fifth machine. BERLIN AS V E N U E OF OLYMPIC GAMES. (Lumen-N.C.W.C.) September 29 w a s f o r m e r l y dedicated to all t h e a n g e l s ( I n t r o i t , •Collect, Gradual, C o m m u n i o n of the Mass), wherefore P o p e Boniface II., about A.D. 530, chose t h a t date to dedicate a c h u r c h in t h e great circus, a t Rome, t o St. Michael. T h e Mass composed for t h e occasion is t h a t of t h e 18th Sund a y after Pentecost, a n d "it relates to the dedication of a c h u r c h . Today's Mass was composed m o r e recently.

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Chicago.—An a p p e a l for t h e transfer of t h e 1936 Olympic < k m e s , scheduled t o b e held in Berlin, to a n o t h e r c o u n t r y because of t h e persecution of religion in Germany is m a d e in a n editorial in a recent issue of T h e Christian Century, an u n d e n o m i n a t i o n a l religious journal edited b y P r o t e s t a n t clergymen.

t h a t t h e r e is a general a n d spreading feeling t h a t if n o t h i n g is done to e x p r e s s revulsion a n d moral condemnation while t h e s e malign a n t forces vent t h e i r evil upon innocent Jewish, P r o t e s t a n t and Catholic people, o u r own ethical sense will be stultified.

GOLDEN

' Y e s , t h e r e is s o m e t h i n g t h a t can be done, and which should be done- immediately.

"News coming f r o m G e r m a n y irakes shocking r e a d i n g , " t h e edi" T h e Olympic g a m e s a r e schetorial says. " W h i l e t h e forces back of t h e new o u t r a g e s a g a i n s t duled t o be held in Berlin n e x t Catholics, P r o t e s t a n t s a n d J e w s year. N a z i . s t a t e g i s t s h a v e reare not clear, t h e f a c t s a r e clear. g a r d e d t h e securing of t h o s e g a m e s Religious persecution is being used as one of t h e most brilliant s t r o k e s as an official i n s t r u m e n t of t h e achieved in convincing t h e G e r m a n Nazi Government, a n d no person is people generally of t h e i r ability to safe in t h e e n j o y m e n t of t h e m o s t r e s t o r e t h e Reich t o world leaderelemental h u m a n r i g h t s . A capri- ship. T h e y now count on d r a w i n g cious and ruthless p a r t y , in which t h o u s a n d s to t h e g a m e s a s a pro"adventurers of t h e mo^t cynical p a g a n d a effort to spread b r o a d c a s t and unreliable c h a r a c t e r h a v e t h e v i r t u e s of t h e Nazi rule. Move gained g r e a t power, is s e e k i n g to t h e Olympic g a m e s to s o m e o t h e r enforce its racial philosophy a n d . c o u n t r y , and no t w i s t i n g of the its conception of t h e S t a t e by i news in t h e controlled p r e s s could rceans of a t e r r o r w h i c h is n o t h i n g conceal from all t h e people of Gershort of sadism. m a n y — a n d especially from the \ Nazis t h e m s e l v e s — a realization of "The question w h i c h confronts American P r o t e s t a n t s , Catholics I t h e w a y in which t h e r e s t of m a n fnd Jews, as t h e y r e a d t h e sicken- | kind r e g a r d s w h a t is g o i n g on in ing news from G e r m a n y , i s : W h a t j t h a t c o u n t r y . *{all be d o n e ? ? W h a t is it possible to do t h a t will r e n d e r some effective support t o t h e s e victims ^ Nazi b r u t a l i t y ? , So deeply have A m e r i c a n s been b i r r e d by t h e s e r e c e n t o u t r a g e s

" T h e Olympic g a m e s should be moved from Berlin not only t o impress G e r m a n y but to p r e s e r v e t h e n a t u r e of t h e g a m e s . "

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M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R ,

16

SATURDAY,

28th SEPTEMBER, 1935.

A CASE FOR T H E MEXICAN GOVERNMENT B Y JOSEPH McSORLEY OF THE PAULIST (From t h e

FATHERS.

Catholic World)

LAST INSTALMENT. I t is a curious c o m m e n t upon h u m a n intelligence t h a t " L i b e r a l s " a n d " P r o g r e s s i v e s " s o successfully blind t h e m s e l v e s t o t h e f a c t t h a t t h e y are supporting reactionary tendencies. If n o t r a g e d y w e r e involved, i t would s e e m comical, for i n s t a n c e , t h a t liberal schoolmen s h o u l d b e eulogizing a n educational s y s t e m clearly a n t a g o n i s t i c t o t h e f u n d a m e n t a l principles of liberty. H a v e "Liberals" forgotten the i m p l i c a t i o n of t h e i r n a m e ? O r do t h e y temporarily suspend their principles w h e n C h r i s t i a n i t y i s involved? E r n e s t Gruening had t h e grace t o c e n s u r e t h e G o v e r n m e n t because i t w e n t t o o f a r . Of l a t e Carlton B e a l s a n d o t h e r s h a v e b e e n fair e n o u g h t o r e c o g n i z e a n d publicly t o d e c l a r e t h a t t h e r u l e r s of Mexico cannot honestly be endorsed. M e a n w h i l e t h e N a t i o n a l Council of t h e Episcopal C h u r c h , n o t q u i t e r e a d y t o c o m m i t itself, deems it necessary "to study t h e situation more thoroughly." But perhaps t h e Council belongs t o G r o u p C. O u r A m b a s s a d o r , Mr. J o s e p h u s Daniels, p r o b a b l y belongs t h e r e too. For. Mr. Daniels w a s a u d a cious e n o u g h t o give public endorsement to Mexico's school s y s t e m a n d t o s u g g e s t a likeness b e t w e e n Jefferson a n d General Calies on t h e m o r r o w of t h e f a m o u s b r o a d c a s t from G u a d a l a j a r a ( J u l y 9, 1 9 3 4 ) , which a n n o u n c e d t h e n e w school policy. T h a t policy, in t h e e v e n t , included o b l i g a t o r y socialist ( a n d repulsively s e x u a l ) i n s t r u c t i o n f o r all children in Mexico. I n M a y , 1935, Mr. Daniels spoke a g a i n

tholic quietly s u b m i t t o t h i s p e r s e c u t i o n of t h e C h u r c h ? Mr. P . W. Wilson refers t o t h i s s i t u a t i o n a s " a p a r a d o x not wholly explained." Well, h e r e a r e some p e r t i n e n t considerations t o be k e p t in m i n d : t h a t in Mexico t h e m i n o r i t y is h i g h l y organized a n d heavily a r m ed, m u c h a s i n R u s s i a ; t h a t b y v i r t u e of a s t r i c t e m b a r g o , t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s m a k e s i t practically impossible for i n s u r g e n t s t o s e c u r e a r m s ; t h a t t h e population (about t h i r t y p e r cent I n d i a n a n d s i x t y p e r cent Mestizos) is widely scatt e r e d over a l a r g e a r e a and b r o k e n u p into well m a r k e d divisions b y r a c e and language, a s well a s by physiographical b a r r i e r s . Moreover, in addition t o frequent d e t a c h e d r i o t s a n d violent incid e n t s , news of which leaks o u t despite t h e censorship, t h e r e h a v e b e e n formidable u p r i s i n g s , a n d t h e s e according t o r u m o u r a r e likely t o occur a g a i n . I n 1929, w h e n t h o u s a n d s of i n s u r g e n t s w e r e in a r m s , t h e G o v e r n m e n t played a successful t r i c k by coming t o a n a g r e e m e n t , which o u r A m b a s s a d o r , M r . Morrow, helped t o a r r a n g e ; a n d a f t e r peace w a s m a d e a n d t h e i n s u r g e n t s laid down t h e i r a r m s according t o t h e a g r e e m e n t , m o s t of t h e i r leaders, i t is said, w e r e n e a t l y a s s a s s i n a t e d one by one in s p i t e of t h e p r o m i s e of i m p u n i t y . A n o t h e r point t o consider i s t h a t in Mexico elections a r e won p r o v e r bially, if not b y force, a t l e a s t b y s h o w of a r m s ; a n d t h e r e is a n i n t e r e s t i n g device called t h e " c r i t e r i o politico" for m a i n t a i n i n g t h e s t a t u s quo of t h e p a r t y in p o w e r .

w i t h s e e m i n g a p p r o b a t i o n of t h e G o v e r n m e n t ' s e d u c a t i o n a l policy. Despite m y esteem for our pres e n t Chief E x e c u t i v e a n d my_ r e a l i z a t i o n t h a t t h e r e m a y be l a t e n t r e a s o n s f o r special caution in official dealings w i t h t h e Mexic a n G o v e r n m e n t , I c a n find no justification f o r M r . Roosevelt's i n d u l g e n c e t o w a r d s o u r indiscreet A m b a s s a d o r . I t is w h i s p e r e d t h a t M a s o n r y is b e h i n d t h e religious p e r s e c u t i o n in Mexico a n d W a s h i n g t o n ' s moral s u p p o r t of t h a t p e r s e c u t i o n . I t m a y b e s o ; even t h o u g h t h e a v e r a g e A m e r i c a n Mason would h e a r t i l y disapprove of w h a t t h e Mexican G o v e r n m e n t is doing. C e r t a i n l y T h e N e w A g e of W a s h i n g t o n , official Masonic o r g a n , s h o w s i t s s y m p a t h y w i t h t h e pers e c u t o r s , and a l e a d i n g m e m b e r of t h e M a s o n s in Mexico City declared " t h a t t h e y w e r e solidly w i t h t h e G o v e r n m e n t on C h u r c h questions," a n d D r . Macfarland, himself a M a s o n , seems t o b e in a dilemma. F o r t h e m o s t p a r t Group C. is m a d e u p of people w h o " d o n ' t know w h a t i t ' s all a b o u t , " p e r h a p s , bec a u s e t h e y a r e bewildered by t h e c o m p l e x i t y of t h e issues, p e r h a p s b e c a u s e p r o p a g a n d a h a s succeeded i n l e a d i n g t h e m i n t o some side p a t h . L e t u s t a k e u p t h e consider a t i o n of a q u e s t i o n which q u i t e frequently troubles t h e m : Why d o f s a people n i n e t y p e r cent Ca-

T h i s provides t h a t if a n opposition c a n d i d a t e should by a n y c h a n c e receive a m a j o r i t y of votes, h e will be declared ineligible a n d h i s o p p o n e n t , " t h e a d m i n i s t r a t i o n candidate, will be declared elected. T h a t sounds like j e s t , b u t it is a n unquestionable fact. T h e n a g a i n some m e m b e r s of G r o u p C , not habitually suspicious of t h e Catholic C h u r c h , a r e r a t h e r upset a t t h e widespread impression t h a t in Mexico s h e is t o b l a m e . " W h e r e t h e r e is so m u c h s m o k e t h e r e m u s t b e some fire," t h e y s a y . T h e m y s t e r y will b e p a r t l y cleared u p for t h e m , if t h e y r e m e m b e r t h a t Mora, a n anticlerical, said t h e p r o p a g a n d a of false ideas in 1810 w a s so successful, " t h a t it e x i s t s even< y e t a m o n g t h e g e n e r a l i t y of Mexicans." To t h e Revolutionists p r o p a g a n d a is t h e b r e a t h of life. It is obviously impossible t o disc u s s all t h e side p a t h s into which Group C. m a y be led. B u t we can t a k e u p t h e one which t h e y a r e m o s t frequently invited t o follow— t h e i m m o r a l i t y of t h e c l e r g y ; a n d we can point o u t t h a t h e r e , even m o r e t h a n elsewhere, t h * y find t h a : m u c h is c h a r g e d and little proved. I t seems advisable h e r e t o m a k e clear t h e precise position of C a t h o lics in t h i s m a t t e r of c h a r g e s a g a i n s t t h e moral c h a r a c t e r of t h e Mexican clergy, a n d indeed in t h e

whole m a t t e r of scandal laid a t t h e dcor of t h e C h u r c h a n d h e r clergy a t a n y t i m e or in a n y place. F i r s t , in general, t h e r e is no wish t o deny t h a t in our h i s t o r y of 2,000 y e a r s g r a v e evils h a v e occ u r r e d , n o r t o deny t h a t a t t i m e s t h e evils h a v e g r o w n to frightful proportions. B u t t h i s is plainly a v e r y different t h i n g from a d m i t t i n g t h a t general impressions a r e always t r u e , t h a t unsupported c h a r g e s a r e sound evidence, or t h a t t o cite a book or n a m e a n a u t h o r is enough to j u s t i f y condemnation of a n individual, o r a class, or even a whole period. Everyone knows t h a t m u c h slander of t h e clergy h a s t a k e n place a t various t i m e s ; t h a t calumnies h a v e been m a n u f a c t u r e d o u t of whole c l o t h ; and t h a t s y s t e m a t i c c a m p a i g n s of deliberate vilification a r e somet i m e s organized a n d directed for a definite political motive. I t is only fair t h e n , t o r e q u i r e proof before admission of guilt in t h e case of t h e Mexican clergy— promising meanwhile t h a t w h a t ever is proved will be honestly a d m i t t e d , a l t h o u g h even t h e n we m u s t t a k e care t h a t t h e r e shall be no illogical inferences. N o w . a s to t h e Mexican clergy specifically. W h e n t h e accusations a g a i n s t t h e m a r e critically examined, we find a g r e a t falling off in t h e a m o u n t of corruption which can be laid a t t h e i r door. A n d we discover also t h e m a n y w o r k s which a r e t o t h e i r credit. T h e r e a d e r s of E n g e l h a r d t ' s Missions a n d Missionaries of California will get a new light on t h i s subject. One w h o reflects on t h e monum e n t t h e clergy of Mexico h a v e built for themselves in t h e h e a r t s of t h e people a m o n g w h o m t h e y worked will find it not only difficult b u t actually impossible t o believe .they were t h e i g n o r a n t a n d corrupt creatures they are made to seem in t h e literary c a r i c a t u r e s which m a t c h t h e vile pictures of t h a t e r r a n t genius, Diego Rivera. R e m e m b e r t h a t a m o n g t h e poor people of Mexico 2,700 p r i e s t s a r e now hiding from t h e eye of t h e law, in o r d e r t o . b e able t o c a r r y t h e consolations of religion t o t h e i r shepherdless flocks. Men who t h u s e n d u r e h a r d s h i p s a n d r u n t h e daily risk of d e a t h m u s t h a v e some s t r a i n of nobility. A n d p r i e s t s t h u s loved a n d protected by t h e people—who h a v e b e t r a y e d not one of t h e m — m u s t , have m u c h of t h a t sacerdotal quality which proverbially h a s m a d e t h e Catholic priest t h e ideal of his people, t h e wide world over. Moreover, none of t h e s e priests would accept r a n k in t h e National Church founded by f o r m e r P r e s i d e n t Calles which quickly disintegrated on t h i s account. I really do not believe t h a t Senor Gil's Legal a n d Historical E s s a y will p e r s u a d e even one fair-minded r e a d e r t h a t t h e clergy of Mexico a r e w h a t he r e p r e s e n t s t h e m to be, t h e cause of t h e evils which now afflict t h a t u n h a p p y country. A n d even if t h e y were,—as he t h i n k s t h e m , — a curse, instead of b e i n g — a s I t h i n k t h e m — a blessing to t h e Mexican people, not even t h e n would his Government be justified. E v e n t h e n t h e p r e s e n t rulers of Mexico would be in t h e wrong, a s men of every race and creed and colour, Christian and non-Christian, who look upon liberty as a precious, and justice a s a sacred j t h i n g , would join in t h e verdict j t h a t t h e Mexican Government h a s been guilty of a crime a g a i n s t civilization,—an inexcusable, a n all b u t unforgivable crime !

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12—A, Robinson Road, SINGAPORE. B I S H O P D O M I N I C COMIN HONOURED. Cuenca, ( E c u a d o r ) — T h e President of t h e Republic of Ecuador h a s conferred t h e Cross of Grand Officer, t h e h i g h e s t decoration g r a n t e d b y t h e Government of E c u a d o r , on B i s h o p Dominic Comin, of t h e Salesian F a t h e r s , Vicar Apostolic of Mendez and Gualaquiza. T h e Gold Medal "Al M e r i t o " a n d t h e title of Knight C o m m a n d e r h a v e been given t o t w o of B i s h o p Comin's missionaries. T h i s action of t h e Governm e n t is in recognition of t h e work carried on b y t h e Salesian Missionaries a m o n g t h e Indian tribes in t h e f o r e s t s of Oriente. I t is t h e first t i m e t h a t t h e s e decorations h a v e been conferred on members of t h e clergy. D u r i n g a r e c e n t celebration in Cuenca, Bishop Comin came to the city accompanied by ten young J i b a r o s , m e m b e r s of a n unusually s a v a g e I n d i a n t r i b e of t h e interior a m o n g w h o m t h e Salesians have been w o r k i n g for several years. The J i b a r o s a r e k n o w n and feared a s a cruel r a c e of killers. They a r e described in a n encyclopedia as " n o t a b l e for t h e i r determined a n d successful resistance to all efforts a t conquest or Christianization W a r is t h e i r normal condition " T h e people of Cuenca w e r e impressed by t h e edif y i n g conduct of t h e young Indians and t h e y w e r e astounded t o learn t h a t t h e r e w e r e h u n d r e d s of the s a m e t r i b e , well-mannered and devout C h r i s t i a n s , living in the f o r e s t s of t h e interior. (Fides). S E V E N J U B I L A R I A N S O F THE V I C A R I A T E O F mNGPO. N i n g p o , ( C h i n a ) — Bishop And r e w Defebvre, Vicar Apostolic of N i n g p o , h i s V i c a r Delegate, Rev. Clovis Delafosse, both Yincentmn Missionaries, a n d five Chinese secular p r i e s t s of t h e s a m e vicariate celebrated t h e Silver Jubilee of their o r d i n a t i o n a t t h e Shrine of Our L a d y of t h e R o s a r y a t Sinkom e n recently. A group of 1,100 Catholics, including 30 priest^ accompanied t h e Bishop and the o t h e r j u b i l a r i a n s on a pilgrimage to t h e s h r i n e which is located on a n island in t h e Chusan Archipelago, o u t s i d e H a n g c h o w Bay. (Fides)


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC LEADER, SATURDAY,

SPORTS

NOTES

CATHOLICS IN THE LIMELIGHT (By O u r Own Correspondent.)

BADMINTON. Singapore "Wizard" Beaten. E. J. V a s s , undefeated B a d m i n ton Singles C h a m p i o n of S i n g a p o r e for m a n y y e a r s , m e t w i t h his first defeat l a s t S a t u r d a y a t t h e Clerical Union Hall. His conqueror was a y o u n g left-handed Chinese player Liau K i m F a t t . In fairness t o V a s s it m u s t be mentioned t h a t he w a s below form due to w a n t of practice necessitated by a recent confinement in t h e General Hospital which h e only left a week before. In s p i t e of this Vass won t h e first s e t b y 1 5 — 10, and t h e n collapsed in t h e o t h e r two by 10—15 and 8—15. Michael T a n of t h e D i e h a r d s Badminton P a r t y defeated h i s opponent by 1 5 — 1 1 , 12—15, 15—7. Vass a n d T a n were h o w e v e r beaten in t h e Doubles by 7 — 2 1 , 16—21, 19—19 ( 5 — 0 ) .

SOCCER. The S.C.F.A. defeated t h e R.A. at Soccer in a thrilling Cup g a m e at Anson Road Stadium on S a t u r day. J o h n T h e n a n d Chia K e n g Hock t u r n e d out for t h e Chinese and pulled t h e i r weight successfully. T h e g u n n e r s were defeated but not a t all disgraced for t h e margin of defeat w a s j u s t a solitary goal. Had t h e R. A. m e n m a i n t a i n e d their first half p r e s s u r e t h e y would certainly h a v e eliminated t h e S.C. F. A. from t h e Cup Competion, Keng Hock's leadership of t h e front line a n d J o h n T h e n ' s Captaincy w e r e i m p o r t a n t f a c t o r s in the victory of t h e Chinese. • * * » ST. J O S E P H ' S OLD BOYS B E A T THE PRESENT. Last W e d n e s d a y t h e A n n u a l Soccer M a t c h for t h e Clarke Cup, between t h e p a s t and p r e s e n t pupils qf S a i n t J o s e p h ' s I n s t i t u tion was contested on t h e school

ground, Mr. F . C. Sands kindlv refereeing. Mr. Lim Y o n g Liang and P a u l Ong were t h e respective skippers. T h e P a s t X I lined up a s follows: follows: H . Boon, Sim I m Peng, T. A l b u q u e r q u e ; B . Rodrigues, J. Then, G. Windsor, Choy K h u n Onn, E . Chan Hee, Chia Keng Hock, L i m Yong L i a n g , P. D ' Almeida. T h e P a s t won by 4 goals t o 2 b u t took t h i n g s much too easily throughout and permitted themselves to slacken till about 10 m i n u t e s before t h e final whistle w e n t when a timely s p u r t put t h e r e s t beyond doubt.

28th SEPTEMBER, 1935.

17

TICEHS m SPORT

CRICKET. On the previous Saturday t h e Annual Cricket game between P a s t and P r e s e n t for t h e Clarke Cup too w a s played on t h e s a m e field. The respective C a p t a i n s were Mr. M. W y a t t and G. Clarke. Again t h e older Josephians proved superior in every d e p a r t m e n t and routed t h e y o u n g s t e r s . F. Chopard topscored w i t h 64 for t h e Old Boys.. * * * * * * T h e Selangor R a n g e r s clearly demonstrated t h a t their winning of t h e Stonor Shield was not fluke by routing t h e combined Rest side last week end decisively. H a d t i m e p e r m i t t e d t h e y would h a v e probably won by a n innings. L . de Silva c a p t u r e d 4 wickets f o r 8 r u n s and t h e R e s t collapsed for 19. T h e R a n g e r s scored 193. Clem e n t de Silva compiling 35. T h e R e s t put in a second t i m e m a d e 5 1 r u n s for t h e loss of 3 wickets.

RUGBY.

In the R u g b y g a m e / a t P e n a n g last S a t u r d a y between P e n a n g a n d Taiping w h i c h t h e f o r m e r won b y 8 points t o 6, Liston converted one of t h e t r i e s for t h e victors. H e is one of t h e finest r u g b y p l a y e r s

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SINGAPORE

I

As a result of t h e indefatigable energy of 2 / L t . H . M. de Souza (junior) the Eurasian Volunteer Corps had a social, t h e first of i t s kind a t t h e club premises, J o n k e r Street, Malacca, on S a t u r d a y I n i g h t , September 14th. Billiard i and ping-pong t o u r n a m e n t s w e r e I a r r a n g e d . T h e winner of t h e billiard t o u r n a m e n t w a s Capt. A . J . Minjoot and private C. T h e s e i r a w a s t h e runner-up. T h e P i n g - p o n g t o u r n a m e n t was won by 2 / L t . H . M. de Souza (Jr.) a n d S e r g t . F . C. P i n t o whilst privates J. S e q u e r a h and L. Nunis were t h e r u n n e r s - u p . A very enjoyable e v e n i n g w a s spent and those p r e s e n t included Capt. A. J. Minjoot, Capt. E . V . Rodriguese and 2 / L t . H . M. de Souza ( J r . ) . I t is hoped that t h e s e socials will be held a t s h o r t intervals a s it is a m e a n s of p r o m o t i n g good c o m r a d e s h i p .

How Ignacio Lost. Ignacio F e r n a n d e z m i g h t have secured t h e verdict when he m e t Y o u n g Johnson a t Kuala L u m p u r on S a t u r d a y h a d he paid more a t t e n t i o n to t h e left j a b s of his opponent or h a d h e concentrated more on a m a s s i n g points himself. H e w e n t all o u t for t h e capital decision and failed t o obtain it. Poor Johnson h o w e v e r received t h e g r e a t e r a m o u n t of p u n i s h m e n t b u t stuck manfully t o his task, eventually o b t a i n i n g a very narrow win. * * * * * * V e n t u r a Marquez, a Mexican fighter of good r e p u t e , overwhelmed F . Weber last S a t u r d a y night a t t h e New World S t a d i u m . Marquez is a stylish b r a i n y boxer and deserved his victory for he packs a stiff punch and possesses any a m o u n t of s t a m i n a a n d skill. T h e crowd enjoyed every bit of t h e bout and hope to see t h e Mexican again in the r i n g . Speedy P a n c h o proved too much for Joe S u m m e r s b u t lacks punching powers. P a n c h o is a v e r y i n t e r e s t i n g fighter to w a t c h b e cause he is s t e a d y , clean and b r i m ful of confidence. i

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BRAINWAVE. An Englishman and an Irishman lived in a seaside town, and each owned a rowing boat. One day the Englishman decided to christen his, and painted on the stern. "Henry the Eight." "An* what will I ~ame mine?" mused the Irishman. Friends suggested, among other names, "George the Fifth," but he rejected all these, and, becoming suddenly inspired, took brush and paint and inscribed the legend: "August the 11th."


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , SATURDAY, 28th SEPTEMBER, 1935.

18

AROUND

i

SINGAPORE,

PENANG,

SINGAPORE CHURCH

OF OUR L A D Y LOURDES.

OF

D e a t h of a Veteran Priest. I t is w i t h feelings of deep r e g r e t t h a t your parish correspondent h a s t o record this week, t h e sudd e n d e a t h of Rev. F r . L . B u r g h o f f e r , V i p a r of t h e C h u r c h of O u r L a d y of L o u r d e s , w h i c h took place o n S u n d a y last in h i s parochial h o u s e a t O p h i r Road. T h e t r a g e d y is all t h e m o r e l a m e n t a b l e a n d s u r prising, for t h e reverend father w h o w a s d i s c h a r g e d only on last S a t u r d a y f r o m t h e G e n e r a l Hospital where he had been under treatm e n t for about a fortnight, was seen saying mass on Sunday morni n g . T h o u g h it a p p e a r e d t o t h o s e t h a t were present a t the mass that h e h a d n o t recovered fully f r o m h i s illness, i t w a s observed t h a t his mind was clear througho u t . H o w e v e r his condition suddenly g r e w w o r s e i n t h e a f t e r n o o n a n d a t a b o u t 5 p . m . t h e Rev. F a t h e r w a s found dead w i t h r o s a r y in h i s h a n d , h a v i n g a p p a r e n t l y collapsed while lying in an arm-chair. B y h i s death, s e v e r e loss h a s been s u s t a i n e d n o t only b y t h e p a r i s h b u t also b y * t h e Catholic Mission of Malaya in w h i c h the l a t e f a t h e r w a s one of t h e v e t e r a n priests. B o r n on F e b r u a r y 11th, 1873 a t C o l m a r (Alsace) R e v . Louis B u r g hoffer a f t e r p r o s e c u t i n g h i s ecclesiastical s t u d i e s in h i s n a t i v e land, j o i n e d t h e F o r e i g n Mission Society. H e a r r i v e d in S i n g a p o r e in t h e y e a r 1896—a y o u n g p r i e s t of 23 years and was attached to this parish as an assistant to Fr. Meneuvrier with whom he was l e a r n i n g T a m i l . In t h e l a t t e r p a r t of t h e s a m e y e a r , h e succeeded h i m a s V i c a r of t h e C h u r c h of O u r L a d y of L o u r d e s a n d t h e e n s u i n g thirty-nine years, save a few years during the Great War had b e e n a long, edifying record of p r i e s t l y a c t i v i t y a n d religious fidelity. A l t h o u g h his o b j e c t s w e r e o f t e n m i s u n d e r s t o o d b y some, t h e Rev. F a t h e r had a w a r m heart for all a n d w o r k e d for t h e w e l f a r e of h i s s p i r i t u a l children. A g r e a t disciplinarian h e w a s , a n d a s such h e w i s h e d t h a t children be b r o u g h t u p in t h e family. I n h i m lay t h e h e a r t of a friend t o a l l ; a n d a f r i e n d so good t h a t one could alw a y s come t o h i m k n o w i n g t h a t h e w a s r e a d y t o f o r g i v e a n d forg e t , r e a d y t o help e v e r y b o d y in need. H e took a k e e n i n t e r e s t in t h e P o o r C h a r i t y F u n d w h i c h is a boon t o m a n y h a p l e s s families. H e w a s i n s t r u m e n t a l in e r e c t i n g t h e spacious hall w h i c h will stand as a monument to the mem o r y of t h e deceased f a t h e r . A s h e w a s unable t o rebuild t h e c h u r c h o w i n g to t h e n a t u r e of t h e foundation, t h e Rev. F a t h e r h a d t o renovate the present church twice d u r i n g h i s life t i m e . In a d d i t t i o n t o h i s p a r i s h work, h e found t i m e t o m i n i s t e r t o t h e s p i r i t u a l needs of t h e o r p h a n s in t h e Convent a n d a l s o t o p e r f o r m t h e Office of S p i r i t u a l Counsellor t o t h e Cong r e g a t i o n of t h e C h r i s t i a n B r o t h e r s stationed at Singapore. He w a s a l s o t h e D i r e c t o r a n d one of t h e p r o m o t e r s of t h e Catholic E x change and Information Bureau

THE

PARISHES

BUTTERWORTH, MALACCA, NEGRI SEMBILAN,

which w a s subsequently n a m e d t h e Sentinel, b u t ceased publication a few y e a r s back o w i n g to lack of s u p p o r t . A s a h i s t o r y scholar, h e m o r e t h a n once contributed t o t h e local p a p e r s defending Catholic i n t e r e s t s and his w r i t i n g s were v e r y m u c h appreciated for t h e lucid, a n a l y t i cal exposition of facts. M a n y of t h e r e a d e r s of t h e Malaya Catholic L e a d e r would recall h i s recent m a s t e r l y contribution touching several historical f a c t s r e l a t i n g to t h e Reformation. Since t h e i n a u g u r a t i o n of C a t h o lic Action and Catholic Y o u n g M e n s ' Association in t h e p a r i s h , he h a d been t h e Spiritual Director and P a t r o n respectively. I n F e b r u a r y last h e completed his sixty-second b i r t h d a y a n d in Aifgust h e celebrated his p a t r o n a l feast w h e n h e received h e a r t y felicitations from h i s n u m e r o u s p a r i s h i o n e r s and friends.

The Late Rev. Fr. Burghoffer.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT.

Old B o y s ' Association and m a n y o t h e r s r e p r e s e n t i n g different parishes. W r e a t h s w e r e s e n t by t h e cong r e g a t i o n of t h e Church of Our Lady of L o u r d e s , Catholic Action Society of t h e C h u r c h of o u r L a d y of L o u r d e s , a n d of S t s . P e t e r and Paul, Catholic Y o u n g Men's A s s o ciation, C h r i s t i a n B r o t h e r s Old Boys' Association, Tamil Girls' School, I n d i a n Catholic Benevolent Society, Catholic Staff of " M a l a y a T r i b u n e " , Mr. a n d Mrs. M. G. P r a g a s a m , Mr. a n d M r s . Louis J o s e p h , Dr. a n d M r s . Saldanha, Mr. and M r s . M. J o s e p h and family, Mr. a n d M r s . G. D . P e r e i r a , Mr. and M r s . N . A . Marshall, M r . and FUNERAL. I n t h e evening h u n d r e d s of f a i t h - Mrs. Deva R a j a h , Mr. a n d M r s . ful a n d friends began to assemble Santhou, Mr. a n d Mrs. P o n n u in t h e c h u r c h compound t o a t t e n d Durai, Mr. a n d M r s . S. A u g u s t u s , t h e funeral r i t e s conducted by t h e Mr. a n d M r s . S. D o u r a i s a m y , Mr. Bishop. A f t e r t h e service t h e and M r s . C h i n n a T h a m b y , Mr. a n d r e m a i n s w e r e removed for i n t e r - Mrs. F . J . P e t e r a n d family, Mr. m e n t t o B i d a d a r i Catholic Ceme- and M r s . F . J . Monteiro, Mr. a n d t e r y followed by t h e c o n g r e g a t i o n . Mrs. D o r r e t t a n d family, M r . a n d A m o n g t h o s e p r e s e n t w e r e Bishop Mrs. S. D. Pillay and children, Mr. Devals, M g r . B e c h e r a s (V.G.). and M r s . Y. C. T a n , Mr. a n d M r s . Rev. F r s . P a g e s , H. Duvelle, R. P. Samy, Mr. a n d Mrs. P . A. A n C a r d o n ( M a n a g i n g E d i t o r , M.C.L.), thony, Mr. a n d M r s . S. Benedict, L. L a m b e r t , J. M a u r y , L. Auriol, Mr. and Mrs. Chong T h u t t P i t t , S. Lee, J . S y . ( T r e a s u r e r , M.C.L-), Mr. a n d M r s . A r p u d a s a m y MudaR. Dubois, and R. L a u r e n t , Quin- j liar, M e s s r s . P a u l & Co., M r . and t e n s a n d Verbois ( S c h e u t Mis- Mrs. D. R a j , M r . a n d Mrs. C. R. T. s i o n s ) , Gallagher, C. SS.R., Bren- Chelvam and family, Mr. a n d M r s . n a n , C.SS.R., R t R e v . F r . M. E. L. A n t h o n y and family, Mr. and Cardozo (Vic. General P o r t u g u e s e Mrs. A. S. R o m a n and family, Mission) Rev. F r s . A . M. Coroado Joseph Chong Sin Thong, Mr. K. (Malacca), S. Rego, Alexius, D. Joseph, Singapore Casket Company, Asiatic Staff, F r e n c h B a n k . Denis, Cathebras (Burmah) Rev. B r o t h e r A u g u s t u s , Direc- F o r m e r S e r v e r s and S i n g e r s , t h e t o r of S t . J o s e p h ' s and h i s Church of O u r L a d y of L o u r d e s . staff a n d Rev. B r o . Stephen, His God Child M a r y . D i r e c t o r of S t P a t r i c k ' s and his staff, t h e M o t h e r S u p e r i o r and S i s t e r s of t h e Convent, F r e n c h Rev. F r . V e n d a r g o n , a s s i s t a n t Consul, Mr. R. P e u c e r g n e of t h e F r e n c h B a n k , m e m b e r s of t h e t o Rev. F r . Geo Auguin, h a s been Catholic Action, ( C h u r c h of our t r a n s f e r r e d a s a c t i n g p a r i s h p r i e s t L a d y of L o u r d e s , C h u r c h of Sts- of t h e C h u r c h of Our L a d y of P e t e r a n d P a u l , C h u r c h of T h e Lourdes S i n g a p o r e . Rev. F r . F r a n c i s from K u a l a Sacred H e a r t ) , S e m i n a r i s t s from S t . X a v i e r ' s , m e m b e r s of C.Y.M.A., L u m p u r will replace h i m in m e m b e r s of t h e C h r i s t i a n B r o t h e r s ' Seremban. REQUIEM HIGH MASS. On M o n d a y m o r n i n g , Pontifical R e q u i e m H i g h Mass a t t e n d e d b y a l a r g e g a t h e r i n g of p r i e s t s , Rev. Brothers, nuns and laity was sung by H i s L o r d s h i p D r . Adrian Devals, w h o on being i n f o r m e d of t h e sad n e w s h u r r i e d back t o Singapore from Serembah where he h a d been f o r t h e dedication of t h e new c h u r c h . Rev. F r s . P a g e s a n d Verbois a s s i s t e d as Deacon and sub-Deacon respectively a t t h e service. A f t e r t h e m a s s , t h e body w a s l y i n g in s t a t e in t h e c h u r c h t h r o u g h o u t t h e day.

LUMPUR

C H U R C H O F ST. J O S E P H . Baptisms. S e p t . 2 1 — I r e n e Constance Rodrig u e s , b o r n o n t h e 8th inst., d a u g h t e r of Gerald Rodrigues a n d of Y o n g K i m Poh. Godp a r e n t s : A l e x a n d e r Rodrigues a n d N o r a h Rodrigues. S e p t . 21—Graville J o a q u i m Grosse, born on t h e 11th September, son of F r a n c i s Maximillian Grosse a n d of G r a c e M a r y Grosse. Godp a r e n t s : Denis A u g u s t u s Aroozoo a n d F l o r a Gomes. Sept. 22 — J o a n Hedwiges Albuq u e r q u e , b o r n on t h e 18th Sep-* t e m b e r , d a u g h t e r of Cyril Bert r a m A l b u q u e r q u e and of Alex a n d r i n a Lil Albuquerque. Godp a r e n t s : Cyril P e t e r Oliveiro and Helena A l b u q u e r q u e . C H U R C H O F T H E SACRED HEART. Marriages.

T h e P r e s i d e n t a n d M e m b e r s of t h e Catholic Action of t h e C h u r c h of O u r L a d y of L o u r d e s , Singapore, b e g t o t e n d e r t h e i r m o s t g r a t e f u l t h a n k s t o t h e m a n y 'friends and s y m p a t h i s e r s who k i n d l y a t t e n d e d t h e funeral of t h e l a t e Rev. F a t h e r L o u i s Burghoffer, a s well a s t o t h o s e w h o r e n d e r e d valuable a s s i s t a n c e and s e n t floral t r i b u t e s . PONTIFICAL

KUALA

On t h e 21st September, Paul Koo H o n M e n g , eldest son of Mr. Koo A h Siew of Singapore, with Miss A n n a C h e u n g Yut Cheui, eldest d a u g h t e r of Mr. Cheung Kuok Chiew of P u l a u Samboe. * * • * # • On t h e 2 3 r d September, Anthony W o n g P i n g Moon, son of Mr. Wong H i n g C h e u n g of Kowloon, with Miss A n n a H o T s e u n Hee, daughter of Mr. H o Koon K h a u , of Katong. CHURCH OF SS- PETER & PAUL. Obituary. A n t h o n y K o h aged 13, t h e eldest son of M r . a n d M r s . Koh Kim Sang passed a w a y in t h e morning of S u n d a y 22nd S e p t e m b e r . He was a s t u d e n t of S t . J o s e p h ' s Institution a n d w a s also a b r o t h e r Crusad e r of t h e S t . T a r c i s i u s Eucharistic C r u s a d e . H e h a d been ill with t y p h o i d for five weeks, and now leaves b e h i n d h i s p a r e n t s , sisters a n d b r o t h e r s for whom much s y m p a t h y will be felt. He was buried a t B i d a d a r i Cemetery on Monday e v e n i n g . Rev. F r . Laurent officiated. H i s classmates—Std.^ IV B — h a v e a r r a n g e d for a Requiem M a s s to be s a n g for t h e repose of h i s soul. R. I. P . RUNG OFF. He had just recieved an appointment as junior reporter on the local paper. His first engagement was at a concert in connection with a men's club, and* disdaining to use the ticket that had been sent to the office he approached the doorkeeper and uttered the one word which he had heard was the "Open Sesame" to anywhere—"Press." "What's that? asked the door-keeper. "Press." "And what do you think you are? A bloomin' ball-push?"

CYMA t h e Countries. WATCHES and CHRONOMETERS acknowltedged the B E S T in all Agent:

RENE ULLMANN, SINGAPORF


id

AROUND PENANG ASSUMPTION CHURCH. Minutes of t h e M e e t i n g of t h e Catholic Action, A s s u m p t i o n Church, Penang, held on S u n d a y , 15th September, 1935, a t 9.30 a.m. at the Parochial House. 1. The m i n u t e s of t h e p r e v i o u s meeting were r e a d a n d confirmed. 2. (a) The Hon. T r e a s u r e r of the Press Committee r e p o r t e d t h a t , for the month of A u g u s t , 1935, h e received 1126 copies of t h e M a l a y a Catholic L e a d e r and sold 1070 copies costing $85.60. T h e r e w e r e 191 subscribers a n d t h e c a s h a t Bank on 14.9.35 w a s $210.27 a n d cash in hand a m o u n t e d t o $26.20 (b) The Hon. T r e a s u r e r of t h e Catholic Action Society m e n t i o n e d that at t h e end of A u g u s t 1935 there were 28 m e m b e r s on t h e roll and cash in h a n d w a s $60. 3. (a) I t w a s approved t h a t t h e sum of $100 (Dollars One h u n d r e d only) out of t h e profits realised on the sale of t h e Malaya Catholic Leader be donated by t h e P r e s s Committee t o w a r d s t h e cost of t h e erection of t h e B u t t e r w o r t h Chapel. (b) It was also a p p r o v e d t h a t the sum of $25 (Dollars T w e n t y iive only) be given t o t h e S u b Committee of t h e C h a r i t y F a i r out of the funds in t h e h a n d s of t h e Hon. T r e a s u r e r of t h e Catholic Action Society. 4. T h e P r e s i d e n t outlined t h e ' arrangements m a d e b y t h e S u b Committee of t h e C h a r i t y F a i r which a f t e r some discussion w e r e accepted. Mr. P . C. Dias w a s a p pointed Hon. T r e a s u r e r of t h e Charity F a i r . I t w a s also decided that a circular a n n o u n c i n g t h e holding of t h e C h a r i t y F a i r b e s e n t to Parish P r i e s t s in t h e n e i g h b o u r ing states w i t h a r e q u e s t t h a t t h i s he read out t o t h e i r p a r i s h i o n e r s for their information a n d s u p p o r t if possible.

BUTTERWORTH NEW CATHOLIC C H U R C H CONSECRATED ON S A T U R D A Y . OPENING C E R E M O N Y B Y MGR. A . D E V A L S . A long-felt need for a c h u r c h by the Catholic c o m m u n i t y h e r e , was fulfilled on S a t u r d a y a f t e r noon when H i s L o r d s h i p Bishop A. Devals, formally opened t h e Church of t h e N a t i v i t y of t h e Blessed Virgin M a r y in t h e presence of a l a r g e g a t h e r i n g . T h e r e was a good n u m b e r of t h e S i s t e r s and pupils of t h e Convent, a s well as a large g a t h e r i n g of Catholics from Penang, B u t t e r w o r t h a n d t h e surrounding districts. The Church is s i t u a t e d a t t h e New F e r r y Road and is a b o u t one mile from the Mitchell P i e r . I t is easily accessible to t h e P r a i resi-

THE

d e n t s a n d serves t h e dual p u r p o s e of chapel a n d school as t h e A s s u m p t i o n School will be t r a n s f e r r e d t o t h e c h u r c h premises on Monday. T h e consecration of t h e church took place a t 5.30 p.m. on S a t u r d a y w h e n Bishop A. Devals, a s s i s t ed by Rev. F a t h e r s Michael Seet a n d Riboud, first blessed t h e s u r r o u n d i n g s outside t h e c h u r c h , a n d later t h e interior and the altar. A f t e r t h e sprinkling of t h e holy w a t e r , t h e congregation assembled in t h e c h u r c h . B I S H O P S ADDRESS. Hoped T h e F a i t h f u l Would Attend Church Regularly. B i s h o p Devals, in t h e course of his speech, said he w a s v e r y glad t h a t t h e Catholics of B u t t e r w o r t h h a d now t h e i r church, t h e foundation of which w a s proposed a few y e a r s ago. T h e church w a s situa t e d in a n ideal place, a n d h e hoped t h a t t h e faithful would a t t e n d it regularly. M a n y of t h e Catholic c h u r c h e s in P e n a n g k e p t t h e m s e l v e s u n d e r t h e protection of t h e Blessed Virgin M a r y , a n d likewise t h e new church h e r e s o u g h t h e r protection. T h e y w e r e also to be v e r y g r a t e ful t o t h e S i s t e r s of t h e Convent, a n d t o t h e t e a c h e r s of t h e A s s u m p tion School, w h o spared no p a i n s for t h e education of children. T h e c h u r c h a t p r e s e n t served t h e dual p u r p o s e of a school a n d a chapel b u t should t h e pupils increase, a s e p a r a t e building for t h e school would be contemplated. For the p r e s e n t , a p e r m a n e n t p r i e s t could not be stationed there. Services would be p e r f o r m e d once a m o n t h t h a t is, on every t h i r d S u n d a y . R e f e r r i n g t o t h e building, His L o r d s h i p s t a t e d t h a t t h e y should be v e r y t h a n k f u l t o all t h o s e who w e r e i n s t r u m e n t a l in r a i s i n g funds for t h e c h u r c h , and all t h o s e w h o h a d c o n t r i b u t e d t h e i r mite t o w a r d s t h e cost of t h e building. T H E FIRST MASS. Performed B y Father Souhait On S u n d a y m o r n i n g t h e first m a s s w a s p e r f o r m e d by Rev. F a t h e r Souhait. T h e r e was a r e m a r k a b l y i a r g e a t t e n d a n c e , with a good n u m ber of communicants. Hymns w e r e s u n g by t h e pupils of t h e Convent. F a t h e r Souhait, d u r i n g his sermon, e x h o r t e d t h e faithful to att e n d t h e c h u r c h regularly. He s t r e s s e d his admiration for t h e sacrifices m a d e by all t h o s e tow a r d s t h e church building, a n d also t h e o t h e r s who helped imm e a s u r a b l y t o raise t h e fund. He t h a n k e d t h e m one a n d all. A s t h e faithful h a d found a place for J e s u s , so will He find t h e m a place in t h e Kingdom of God. F a t h e r Souhait next preached ir. Tamil.

Telephone No.

7843.

THE VICTORIA COiNFECTlONERY & STORE 71, Victoria Street, SINGAPORE. Wedding Cakes a Speciality Assorted Cakes Maker, Tea P a r t y Supplier. Hot and Cold Drinks, etc. Proprietor JOSEPH CHONG S I N TONG

PARISHES

DEATH OF MR. CHESNEY DUNCAN. A Varied Journalistic Career. The death took place on the 24th inst. at the General Hospital, Penang, of Mr. Uhesney Duncan, a noted journalist connected with Malayan papers. Mr. Duncan had a rare and varied career as a journalist not only in Malaya but also in other parts of the Far East. Born on Sept. 15, 1854 and educated at Clifton College, Mr. Duncan came out East at a very early age. He started life in the customs in Korea, but the call of journalism made him reliquish the post soon. His outstanding social activities later in Hong Kong won for him public esteem, and he was the worthy recipient of the Queen's Jubilee Silver medal. In 1895 he became the first editor of the Hong Kong Telegraph and continued with distinction for several years. One of, the most outstanding events in the career of the late Mr. Duncan was his despatch to England of the news of the Secret Cassini convention which hurled Japan and Russia into war. After an eventful career in China Mr. Duncan came over to Penang where he started the Straits Echo, and later served on the Penang Gazette, and Times of Malaya. He retired from newspaper work in 1925. Mr. Duncan was received into the Catholic Church some years back in Singapore by the late Fr. Gazeau, Vicar of the Church of the Sacred Heart. The deceased was a very devout Catholic, and was charitable almost to a fault. The funeral took place, according to Catholic rites on the evening of the 24th inst. and was. largely attended. R.I.P.

MALACCA

MARRIAGE. A p r e t t y wedding took place a t t h e c h u r c h of St. P e t e r , B u n g a Raya, Malacca, on S a t u r d a y , Sept e m b e r 1 4 t h between Michael de Cruz, of t h e L i g h t h o u s e , M a r i n e D e p a r t m e n t , Malacca, son of M r and M r s . F r a n c i s de Cruz of Singapore a n d Miss Olive Gomes, d a u g h t e r of Mr. and M r s . B e n j a m i n Gomes well-known r e s i d e n t s of Malacca. T h e Sponsors w e r e Mr. R. de Silva and M r s . F . F e r n a n d e z and t h e b r i d e s m a i d s w e r e Misses de Cruz a n d Hilda Gomes. A reception w a s held a t t h e residence of t h e b r i d e and w a s largely a t tended.

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St. Peter's Church. " T H E HOLY HOUR." With grateful thanks to the Rev. F r . A. M. Coroado, t h e Vicar, for t h e keen i n t e r e s t he is t a k i n g in his flock, t h e Holy H o u r is now being observed a t St. P e t e r ' s Church, Malacca. I t will be a monthly devotion for t h e whole congregation, and will be observed.' on t h e S u n d a y following t h e F i r s t F r i d a y of t h e m o n t h . The first observance w a s on Sunday, t h e 8 t h September, 1935 The service w a s conducted by Rev. Fr. Lourenco a t 5.30 p.m., when the Most Blessed S a c r a m e n t w a s exposed for adoration on t h e spe cial m a i n a l t a r , followed by t h e singing of " O Salutaris H o s t i a . " After t h i s , t h e celebrant m o u n t e d t h e pulpit w h e r e p r a y e r s w e r e r e cited and a h y m n sung. T h i s was followed by t h e recitation of t h e Rosary a n d L i t a n y of t h e Blessed, Virgin M a r y . A n o t h e r h y m n w a s sung which was followed by a short and impressive s e r m o n by Rev. F r . Lourenco. A f t e r t h i s , a special p r a y e r in h o n o u r of t h e Most Blessed S a c r a m e n t w a s recited followed by a n o t h e r h y m n . " Tantun Ergo " was then sung and t h e Benediction of t h e Most! Blessed S a c r a m e n t w a s given con-j eluding with t h e usual h y m n s and Divine p r a i s e s . It is n o t e w o r t h y to s t a t e t h a t all m e m b e r s of t h e congregation joined in t h e singing of t h e various h y m n s . T h e a t t e n d a n c e w a s v e r y fair. In his sermon, Rev. F r . Lourenco: exhorted those present to continue;

t h i s devotion and to all o t h e r m e m b e r s of t h e congregation w h o w e r e not p r e s e n t t h e n . Marriages in Prospect. A m a r r i a g e is a r r a n g e d and will t a k e place n e x t month between A . Derrick of t h e H e a l t h D e p a r t m e n t , Malacca, a n d M r s . C. Rodriguese of B a n d a Hilir, Malacca. The m a r r i a g e of Mr. S y l v e s t e r Nunis, p e n s i o n e r of t h e F . M . S . Survey D e p a r t m e n t to Mrs. P a v a n a r i s of B a n d a Hilir will t a k e place early n e x t m o n t h .

KUALA

LUMPUR

ST. A N T H O N Y ' S C H U R C H . Third O r d e r of S t . F r a n c i s of Assist The F e a s t of St. F r a n c i s of Assisi will b e celebrated on S u n day, t h e 6 t h October, 1935, p r e ceded b y a Novena c o m m e n c i n g from 2 7 t h September, 1935. D u r ing t h e l a s t 3 d a y s of t h e N o v e n a sermon will be preached b y t h e Rev. F a t h e r Director. On S a t u r d a y , 5th October, a H i g h M a s s will be s u n g a t 6.45 a.m. for t h e repose of t h e souls of t h e deceased F r a n c i s c a n s . On S u n d a y t h e 6 t h October, t h e r e will b e High Mass in t h e m o r n i n g a t 8.15 a.m. and a t 5 p.m. Clothing a n d Profession ceremonies, Procession, R o s a r y a n d Benediction of t h e Blessed S a c r a ment. * â&#x20AC;˘ * * CATHOLIC ACTION AND SODALITY

OF T H E IMMACULATE CONCEPTION. The m o n t h l y meeting of t h e Catholic A c t i o n will be held a t S t . A n t h o n y ' s School a t 4.30 p . m . on S a t u r d a y , t h e 5 t h October, a n d t h e m o n t h l y m e e t i n g of t h e Sodality will be held in t h e Church a t 5.15 p.m. t h e s a m e d a t e .

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MARRIAGE. Alexanderâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Theresa. A p r e t t y wedding took place a t St. A n t h o n y ' s Church, Kuala L u m pur, on t h e 23rd September, 1935. The c o n t r a c t i n g parties being Mr. G. A. A l e x a n d e r of t h e G e n e r a l M a n a g e r ' s Office, F . M S . Railway, Kuala L u m p u r , and Miss A. T h e r e s a of Kuala L u m p u r . The service w a s conducted by Rev. F a t h e r V. H e r m a n n a n d w a s choral t h r o u g h o u t . A reception followed by ' S e s h a i ' was held in t h e evening a t t h e bridegroom's residence, No. 38, Scott L a n e , Kuala L u m p u r , a t which a l a r g e number of g u e s t s were p r e s e n t . The b r i d e looked very c h a r m i n g in h e r light-green-gold-brocaded silk s a r e e a n d a flowing veil. The bridegroom who is wellknown in K u a l a L u m p u r a m o n g s t t h e s p o r t i n g circles is also t h e H o n o r a r y S e c r e t a r y of t h e Selangor Indian Association and of t h e Railway I n s t i t u t e , Kuala L u m p u r , besides s e r v i n g in t h e C o m m i t t e e s of various clubs. The i m m e n s e a t t e n d a n c e a t t h e reception is a m a n i f e s t a t i o n of t h e p o p u l a r i t y and cordiality of the bridegroom. K.L. ENGAGEMENT. The e n g a g e m e n t is a n n o u n c e d (on t h e 14th September) of Mr. W. F . J a c k s o n of t h e F o r e s t Dep a r t m e n t ( T i m b e r Research L a b o r a t o r i e s ) K u a l a L u m p u r to Miss Grace X a v i e r , youngest d a u g h t e r of Mr. J. Xavier, T r a n q u e r a h , Malacca. (See page 7)


Malawi* OFFICIAL

ORGAN

OF

PUBLISHED 20 Pages.

N o . 39.

MALAYA

CATHOLIC

LEADER,

CATHOLIC

ACTION

WEEKLY.

SATURDAY,

28th SEPTEMBER, 1935.

10 Cents.

Blessing of the Church of the Visitation

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TOP:—A Group Photograph taken after the Blessing of the Church of the Visitation, Seremban. H.E. Bishop Devals and the Hon. Mr. J. W. Hughes, British Resident,, Negri Sembilan are in the central s e a t s in the front row.

BOTTOM:—A Group Photograph of t h e Members of the Catholic Young Men's Society, Church of Our Lady of Lourdes, with the late Rev. Fr. L. Burghoffer, their patron as the central figure. The photo w a s taken on the occasion of the recent celebration of Fr. Burghoffer's Patronal Feast.

Published by Rev. Fr. Cardon and Printed by Lithographers Limited. 37/33, Wallich Street, Singapore, S.S.

SEPTEMBER 28, 1935, VOL 01, N0 39  

SILVER JUBILEE OF THE CHURCH OF THE SACRED HEART, SINGAPORE. AN INTERESTING RETROSPECT. RAPID PROGRESS IN TWENTY-FIVE YEARS.