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rjiHE work of t h e Catholic papers has been most praiseworthy. They have been an effective auxiliary to the pulpit in spreading the Faith.—

The Malaya Catholic Leader. By By By By By By

P o p e B e n e d i c t XV.

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ORGAN

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PUBLISHED 20 Pages.

No- 37.

CATHOLIC

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WEEKLY. 10 cents.

SINGAPORE, SATURDAY. 14th September, 1935.

BELFAST DISORDERS GRAVER THAN EDINBURGH RIOTS A COLOSSAL

STATUE

OF

CHRIST.

PROTESTANT PAPER DEPLORES ENMITY PRIMATE

BLAMES

AUTHORITIES

Dublin.—That t h e "July Twelfth" outbreaks which happen in Belfast with monotonous regularity were more violent than usual this year is due partly t o a repercussion from the recent e v e n t s of a similar nature in Edinburgh, and partly to clashes which have occurred with some frequency in the North since the celebration of the King's Jubilee, in which, of course, t h e opposition did not participate and consequently were marked down. Moreover, t h e N o r t h e r n Government had t h r e a t e n e d , in t h e cause of peace, to place a n e m b a r g o on all public processions, a prohibition which exasperated the Orangemen, who, in public speeches, defied t h e G o v e r n m e n t t o stop the July procession fortified b y the certain k n o w l e d g e t h a t t h e y ran no risks from G o v e r n m e n t intervention.

by d i s p l a y s of hooliganism, which, on t h i s occasion, h a v e r e s u l t e d in t h e loss of several lives a n d a formidable catalogue of o t h e r casualties. . Y e a r a f t e r y e a r t h e s a m e g r u e s o m e s t o r y is told. The T w e l f t h ' s e e m s t o inflame all t h e worst passions in both P r o t e s t a n t s and R o m a n Catholics in Belfast, and a s t i m e p r o g r e s s e s t h e b i t t e r ness between t h e t w o sides s e e m s to b e g r o w i n g m o r e and m o r e intense."

That all t h e d i s o r d e r h a s n o t been on one s i d e is painfully t r u e , but t h e indiscriminate wrecking and firing of Catholic h o m e s h a s exceeded in violence a n y previous records in Belfast. T h a t underlying political m o t i v e c a n n o t b e divorced from t h e religious aspect of what has been a v e r i t a b l e pogrom, and some see t h e p r o m o t i o n of r e ligious differences a s a n effort t o further t h e cause of C o m m u n i s m . Deprecated by a P r o t e s t a n t P a p e r .

AGENTS:

8c C O . . L T D .

SIME D A R B Y SINGAPORE

Miss Grace Milne reputed to be a "globe-trotter" and one who has taken a special interest in statuary, and made a careful study of the statues of the world, declares "there are none comparable with the colossal edifice at RiO de Janeiro." It is a representation of Christ, and stands on a mountain hign above the city with its gigantic arms outspread.

POPE'S ADDRESS EX-SOLDIERS.

TO

" B e l f a s t , " t h e editorial con- P E A C E M A Y Y E T P R E V A I L . tinues, "is virtually t h e only c i t y Rome, 7th Sept.—Addressing in t h e world in which P r o t e s t a n t s 15,000, Italian, F rench and other and R o m a n Catholics c a n n o t live as friends, side by side, a n d , al- exsoldiers, H i s Holiness t h e P o p e t h o u g h t h e N o r t h e r n G o v e r n m e n t said a p p a r e n t l y a rainbow w a s is t a k i n g drastic s t e p s t o r e s t o r e f o r m i n g on t h e horizon and w e order, some, a t least, of i t s m e m - h a v e p r a y e d for peace. T h e desires a n d a s p i r a t i o n s of a bers c a n n o t be absolved a l t o g e t h e r j g r e a t people m u s t b e satisfied b u t from responsibility for t h e r e w i t h justice, peace a n d honour c u r r e n t disturbances. F a r too often responsible M i n i s t e r s a r e in" A foul w o r d is spoken, a blow clined t o d r a g religion i n t o t h e i r is struck, o r a shot is fired—and political speeches, t h u s encouragt h e n Belfast goes m a d . Surely it ing t h e i g n o r a n t mob to give rein is high t i m e t h a t t h i s sort of to i t s bigoted passions. The t h i n g should cease. Ireland boasts O r a n g e Order m a y be a n a d m i r a t h a t she is a C h r i s t i a n c o u n t r y ; ble organization in m a n y w a y s ; y e t time a f t e r t i m e t h e P r o t e s t but m a n y of its m e m b e r s t a k e ada n t s and R o m a n Caholics of t h e v a n t a g e of t h e T w e l f t h ' t o v e n t N o r t h act in a m a n n e r of which t h e i r feelings a g a i n s t t h e R o m a n Bashibazouks would b e a s h a m e d . Catholic Church. In a n a d m i r a b l e s e r m o n recently (Continued at foot of col. 3.) t h e Bishop of Down, Connor a n d Dromore m a d e a s t r o n g appeal for religious peace in h i s diocese. R o m a n Catholic p r i e s t s also h a v e been urging t h e i r flocks t o r e f r a i n from violence, w h a t e v e r m a y be t h e provocation. T h e Churches, however, a r e almost helpless.

An editorial entitled "Belfast's Shame" which h a s a p p e a r e d in t h e Irish Times a s a r e s u l t of t h i s year's d i s t u r b a n c e s , is held t o mark a g r e a t a d v a n c e i n t h a t P r o testant paper's a t t i t u d e t o w a r d the July 12 celebrations. "Once a g a i n , " the editorial Points out, " t h e ceremonies in Belfast in connection w i t h t h e Twelfth of J u l y h a v e been m a r r e d

SOLE

1

&

BRANCHES

Situation Held G r a v e . "Awful thincrs h a v e been in Belfast d u r ' n g t h e last d a v s in t h e n a m e of reiicrion, unless and until t h e political (Continued

on page

3)

done few and, lead-

CARDINALATE FOR MGR. HINSLEY? Vatican City, 4th S e p t . — I t is expected t h a t Monsignor Hinsley, A r c h b i s h o p of W e s t m i n s t e r , wttl be a m o n g t h e new Cardinals which His Holiness t h e Pope will c r e a t e d u r i n g t h e n e x t consistory in October. T h e r e a r e now only 49 cardinals instead of t h e usual 72. Reuter. because against j u s t i c e t h e r e is only sin which m a k e s peoples m i s e rable. W e w a n t peace because it m e a n s an avoidance of all t h e evils w h i c h w a r involves. Peace is t h e preli-. m i n a r y t o all well-beings:—Reuter.

WE NEED YOUR SUPPORT TO CARRY ON THIS GOOD WORK.

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A SUBSCRIBER TO THE "MALAYA CATHOLIC LEADER *


MALAYA CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y ,

:2

14th September, 1935.

ULCAIH THE IIEST WATCH

A CASE FOR T H E MEXICAN GOVERNMENT

— t o establish. W h e n e v e r y t h i n g is s u m m e d up, t h e Government, in B Y JOSEPH McSORLEY OF THE PAULIST FATHERS. s p i t e of alL i t s fine, talk, is down on t h e records a s t h e assassin of a living school s y s t e m which w a s S E CT OH NE D INSTALMENT. a blessing t o Mexico. II. A s a typfcal case t a k e t h e A s y T h e r i s e a n d fall of education in I p a s s on now t o a n o t h e r consilum for t h e P o o r in Mexico City, Mexico really m a k e s a n a m a z i n g s t o r y all in f a v o u r of t h e Catholic founded in 1763 a n d supported b y deration, namely, t h a t Senor Gil's C h u r c h . S h o r t l y a f t e r t h e land- t h e A r c h b i s h o p . A t t h e school whole volume is really a n a t t e m p t i n g of t h e S p a n i a r d s in 1521, a law connected w i t h t h i s institution, t o g e t a w a y from t h e m a i n issue. It's not only In almost a n y a r g u m e n t , it is w a s m a d e t h a t a school should be t h e children w e r e t a u g h t useful a matter of taste a t t a c h e d t o e v e r y p a r i s h c h u r c h c r a f t s . T h e G o v e r n m e n t confis- difficult t o keep a t t e n t i o n focussed To be a perfect timepiece, a watch a n d t o e v e r y p r i n c i p a l convent. cated t h e e n d o w m e n t a n d t h e | on t h e main point. This is esped a i l y t r u e when, a s in Mexican afhas to be beautiful and accurate. Some of t h e schools contained a school h a d to b e abandoned in 1863 T h e outline of t h e t r a g i c s t o r y l fairs, t h e r e a r e several i n t e r e s t i n g Now, everyone can say whether a thousand pupils a n d t h e curriculum watch is to one's liking or not, but included t o g e t h e r w i t h Religion, t c a n b e discerned b y a t t e n t i v e r e a - ! side issues which t e n d to g a t h e r it is difficult to estimate the Reading, Writing, A r i t h m e t i c , I d e r s even in t h e accounts w r i t t e n around a n d obscure t h e main issue. quality. Only experts can judge A r t s , C r a f t s a n d L a t i n . Before I b y " r e v o l u t i o n a r y " a u t h o r s . O n e I s a y , " t e n d t o g a t h e r a r o u n d , " JJie finish and precision of a 1550 t w e l v e w o m e n t e a c h e r s h a d j comes upon s u c h s t a t e m e n t s a s | b u t p e r h a p s in t h i s case i f would "Meanwhile individuals be m o r e correct t o s a y " w h e n t h e y mechanism as delicate as that of come o u t f r o m Spain a n d six j t h e s e : a watch. schools f o r g i r l s h a d been s t a r t e d . I g r o w i n g m o r e i m p e r i o u s because a r e deliberately introduced to lead There remains for those who love T h e f a m o u s College of S a n t a Cruz G o v e r n m e n t w a s less stable, p r o - u s a w a y from t h e principal quesaccuracy a means of eliminating duced i n n u m e r a b l e political effects I t i o n . " Obviously t h e b i g issue w a s f o u n d e d in 1534 a n d t h e P o n disappointment-choose a VULCAIN ! h e r e , is t h e r i g h t of t h e Mexican The tifical U n i v e r s i t y of Mexico in r e a c h i n g on education watch, acknowledged the best by G o v e r n m e n t to a c t a s it h a s been missions f o r m e r l y so useful a m o n g 1553. T h e U n i v e r s i t y g a v e c o u r thousands of people all over the ses in Theology, S c r i p t u r e , L a w , t h e indigenous population degene- j a c t i n g t o w a r d s t h e b i s h o p s , p r i e s t s world. j a n d people of t h e Catholic Church. r a t e d likewise because t h e reliArts, Rhetoric, Greek and MatheWith a VULCAIN you have the m a t i c s . I t enjoyed t h e s a m e aca- gious fervour cooled down t o s u c h ; T h e r e a r e m a n y contributions b y satisfaction of knowing that you | G o v e r n m e n t s y m p a t h i z e r s on all a degree t h a t t h e G o v e r n m e n t w a s demic p r i v i l e g e s a s t h e U n i v e r s i t y possess a timepiece of unequalled T h e i s o r t s of m o r e o r less i r r e l e v a n t or of S a l a m a n c a a n d d u r i n g t h e 222 obliged t o s u p p o r t t h e m accuracy and refined beauty. ! m i n o r points, b u t n o t once h a v e I i n s t i t u t i o n s founded b y p r i v a t e y e a r s of i t s e x i s t e n c e bestowed because i come upon a s t a t e m e n t b y o r for B a c c a l a u r e a t e on n e a r l y 30,000 initiative decayed 'HE MALAYA CATHOLIC LEADER. b e g a n t o pass i n t o l t h e Government, which frankly s t u d e n t s . B e n i t e z lists t h e n a m e s t h e i r funds j p r e s e n t s t h e m a i n question, and The Malaya Catholic Leader may be of i t s f a m o u s g r a d u a t e s , some of t h e h a n d s of t h e G o v e r n m e n t w h o m occupied C h a i r s in t h e facul- a n d a l t h o u g h t h i s acknowledged j proceeds to consider t h e a r g u - purchased at the following shops:— SINGAPORE t i e s of E u r o p e a n u n i v e r s i t i e s . A n t h e i n t e r e s t s i t w a s h a r d l y e v e r m e n t s pro and con. It is necessary t h e r e f o r e , t o A. R. Rodrigues & Co., 42, Bencoolen u n u s u a l l y c a p a b l e observer, t h e able t o p a y t h e m . " Street. ourselves a n d I n plain E n g l i s h t h i s m e a n s t h a t I keep r e m i n d i n g distinguished Von Humbolt, who Crystal Soda Fountain, Corner of Bras visited Mexico in 1803 a n d publish- t h e funds a c c u m u l a t e d by t h e o t h e r s of t h e chief i s s u e — t h e issue Basah Road & Waterloo Street. ed h i s i m p r e s s i o n of conditions C h u r c h for education w e r e a p p r o - which h a s finally a t t r a c t e d t h e a t - The Federal Rubber Stamp Co., 13, Collyer Quay. t h e r e , s a y s : " T h e capital a n d o t h e r p r i a t e d b y t h e revolutionary gov- t e n t i o n of t h e whole civilized cities h a v e scientific e s t a b l i s h e r n m e n t ; a n d t h e schools w e r e world, t h e issue which, if it can G. H. Kiat & Co., 15, Collyer Quay. Premier Trading Co., 93, Keppel m e n t s wTiich will b e a r comparison ruined. A n d t h a t tells w h e r e h i s - be k e p t in focus long enough, will The Road. w i n a w a y from t h e side of t h e t o r y will place t h e responsibility w i t h t h o s e of E u r o p e . " eter Chong & Co., 82, Bras Basah Road. for Mexican illiteracy—squarely Mexican G o v e r n m e n t everyone exT o s u m i t u p , ' o n e m a y s a y t h a t on t h e s h o u l d e r s of t h e Govern- cept t h e equivalent C o m m u n i s t s . M. Mohamed Ali, 439-A, Norh Bridge Road. Mexico c o n t a i n e d s o m a n y schools m e n t . L e t u s r e s t a t e t h e issue h e r e : M. Mohamed Abubacker & Co., 154, f c r b o y s a n d g i r l s before t h e RevoVictoria Street. W i t h t h e s e t h i n g s in mind, t h e T h e G o v e r n m e n t , according t o i t s lution g o t t o Work in 1810 t h a t , I Mohamed Dulfakir & Co., 34, North h i s t o r i a n C u e v a s r e g i s t e r s his con- own declaration, h a s u n d e r t a k e n t o Bridge Road. in B i s h o p Kelley's w o r d s , " t h e r e viction t h a t i t would h a v e been d e s t r o y t h e Catholic C h u r c h in J. M. Mohamed Bava, 263, Middle Rd. h a d n e v e r been a c o u n t r y on t h e f o r t u n a t e if Mexico h a d s e p a r a t e d Mexico. In p u r s u i t of t h a t end it P. V. Abdul Rahuman & Co., 239, face of t h e e a r t h t h a t in so s h o r t Selegie Road. from Spain in t h e middle of t h e h a s deprived t h o u s a n d s of Cathoa t i m e h a d d o n e so m u c h i n a n K. Mohamed Maideen, 228, Middle Rd. e i g h t e e n t h c e n t u r y . F o r t h e l a s t lics n o t only of f u n d a m e n t a l r i g h t s T. E. Hadji Abdullasah, 198, Middle Road. educaticmal w a y . " T o b e s u r e t h e half of t h a t c e n t u r y b r o u g h t a commonly recognized by civilized Second-hand Book Shop, 66, Bras Basah work e s t e d u c a t i o n h a d n o t been Road. series of m i s f o r t u n e s , such a s t h e n a t i o n s , b u t also of t h e i r constituc a r r i e d on equally well a t all t i m e s influx of t h e Swiss a n d G e r m a n tional r i g h t s a s Mexican citizens. Railway Station Bookstall. a n d i n all p l a c e s , n o r w a s i t a c m e r c e n a r i e s in t h e n e w s t a n d i n g To be specific, t h e G o v e r n m e n t h a s Serangoon Store, Serangoon. complished without a certain a r m y , t h e expulsion of t h e J e s u i t s done t h e following t h i n g s : — KUALA LUMPUR a m o u n t of opposition a n d i n t e r (1767), t h e i n t r o d u c t i o n of revolu- 1. I t h a s p u t citizens t o d e a t h Post Office. f e r e n c e on t h e p a r t of t h e civil t i o n a r y ideas, t h e flooding of t h e Dulfakir & Co., Market Street. without trial. a u t h o r i t i e s . T h e y s o m e t i m e s took c o u n t r y w i t h u n d e s i r a b l e i m m i g - 2. I t h a s b a n i s h e d p r i e s t s entirely Federal Rubber Stamp Co., Old Market t h e attitude t h a t t h e Indians were Square. r a n t s w h o w i s h e d t o live "sin Dios, from an a r e a inhabited by a p - Railway being overeducated; and they Station Bookstall. sin r e y y sin l e y . " ( w i t h o u t God, proximately six million C a t h o m a d e t h i s t h e g r o u n d of complaint king a n d l a w . ) Observing m e n lics. t o t h e C r o w n a s e a r l y a s 1570. B u t P R I E S T ASKED TO DRAFT foresaw d i s a s t e r . A s early a s 3. I t h a s disfranchised all clergyd u r i n g t h e Colonial P e r i o d t h e P L A N F O R COOPERATIVE 1761, four of t h e bishops of N e w men. C h u r c h , on t h e whole, received W O R K I N S O U T H AFRICA. Spain a d d r e s s e d a vigorous p r o t e s t 4. I t h a s forced all school teachencouragement and support from to t h e K i n g u r g i n g c u r a t i v e a n d e r s t o join t h e d o m i n a n t politit h e G o v e r n m e n t . A f t e r IndepenS a l i s b u r y , S o u t h e r n Rhodesia.— preventive m e a s u r e s . T h e i r procal p a r t y a n d t o m a k e definite T h e Rev. B e r n a r d H u s s , of the dence, i t w a s a n o t h e r s t o r y . t e s t w a s bold b u t ineffectual; a n d s t a t e m e n t s a b o u t religion under Mariannhill Missionaries, who for T o u n d e r s t a n d t h e s i t u a t i o n , we t h e g r a d u a l l y demoralized c o u n t r y penalty of dismissal. m u s t recall a f e w historical details. w a s able t o oppose little r e s i s t a n c e 5. I t h a s forcibly imposed "reli- m a n y y e a r s h a s been engaged in social w o r k a m o n g t h e natives of In 1833 a l i t t l e m o r e t h a n t e n to t h e d e s t r u c t i v e forces which g i o u s " i n s t r u c t i o n of a p r e s - S o u t h Africa, h a s been proposed y e a r s a f t e r t h e s e p a r a t i o n from took possession of it in 1821 a n d cribed form on all t h e children a s a n a u t h o r i t y to d r a w u p a surSpain, t h e M e x i c a n G o v e r n m e n t m a d e a s t r a n g e r t o peace a n d norof t h e nation. v e y of t h e conditions a n d possibib e g a n t o a p p r o p r i a t e C h u r c h lands, m a development for m o r e t h a n a 6. I t h a s , in wholesale fashion, lities of cooperative organization in buildings, a n d e n d o w m e n t f u n d s . h u n d r e d y e a r s . violated freedom of t h e p r e s s , S o u t h Africa. The proposal was In 1857 t h e t o t a l p r o p e r t y of t h e T h e s e a r e t h e f a c t s which canfreedom of speech, freedom of expressed in a resolution passed at C h u r c h , a m o u n t i n g t o 50,000,000 not be explained a w a y by a n y correspondence a n d t h e r i g h t of t h e I n t e r - t e r r i t o r i a l Conference on Mexican dollars (one-half t h a t n u m b e r of t h e o r i e s , o r promises, petition. A f r i c a n Village Development and a m o u n t in U . S . m o n e y ) , w a s con- or accusations. N o s a n e or h o n e s t 7. I t h a s affirmed t h a t Mexicans E d u c a t i o n , held a t Salisbury. fiscated. U n d e r Diaz (1876-1911) m a n w h o k n o w s t h e m would b l a m e possess no r i g h t s save those T h e c h a i r m a n of t h e conference, t h e r e w a s a r e s p i t e , b u t in 1914, t h e Catholic C h u r c h for t h e illig r a n t e d in a Constitution voted Dr. C. T. L o r a m , Professor of EduC h u r c h p r o p e r t y t o t h e a m o u n t of t e r a c y of t h e Mexican people a t upon only b y m e m b e r s of t h e cation a t Yale University, former$10,000,000 w a s t a k e n a w a y . T h i s t h e p r e s e n t d a y . L e t u s n o t be p a r t y in power. ly Chief Inspector of Native Edum e a n t t h e i m p o v e r i s h m e n t of t h e bamboozled b y official p r o p a g a n d a ; Accused by witnesses so n u m e - cation in N a t a l and for ten years schools a n d a s y l u m s which h a d by pictures of t h e n e w L i b r a r y in r o u s and so varied t h a t t h e i r testi- a m e m b e r of t h e N a t i v e Affairs been s u p p o r t e d b y t h e C h u r c h . I n Mexico C i t y ; by descriptions of m o n y cannot be ignored, t h e Mexi- Commission of South Africa, said m a n y l i b r a r i e s — t h e N e w Y o r k t h e Calles' I n d u s t r i a l School, o r can G o v e r n m e n t is now under in- t h a t F a t h e r H u s s ' s efforts to imP u b l i c L i b r a r y for example—you t h e up-to-date R o d r i g u e z ' M a r k e t , d i c t m e n t befort t h e court of world p r o v e t h e economic position of the will find r e c o r d s g i v i n g t h e n a m e , established, b y t h e w a y , in a build- opinion. I t is charged with hav- S o u t h African B a n t u were well p l a c e a n d d a t e of public i n s t i t u - ing which w a s f o r m e r l y a J e s u i t ing violated f u n d a m e n t a l h u m a n I k n o w n in America. H e also said t i o n s , f o u n d e d a n d m a i n t a i n e d f o r College; n o r b y speeches a b o u t t h e r i g h t s . T h e question of its guilt t h a t Protestant missionaries y e a r s b y t h e Catholic C h u r c h , b u t nation-wide m o d e r n r u r a l school or innocence is t o be decided w i t h I should n o t b e afraid of him beevieatoidly d e s t r o y e d by t h e Mexi- s y s t e m w h i c h t h e G o v e r n m e n t t h e help of all available evidence. c a u s e h e is a Catholic priest. p r o m i s e s — m a r k t h e word, p r o m i s e s cafa Government. (N.C.W.C.) (To be continued)

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decreased by 116. O u r Catholic The m o s t i n t e r e s t i n g ecclesiasti- schools t e n y e a r s a g o numbered cal a p p o i n t m e n t to record t h i s 1,136; d u r i n g t h e t e n y e a r s t h a t week from G r e a t B r i t a i n r e l a t e s t o n u m b e r h a s advanced by j u s t upon Scotland. F o r u p w a r d s of t w e n t y - eighty. A t t h i s r a t e of p r o g r e s s it one years t h e Bishop of Galloway, will not be v e r y long before t h e r e Dr. J a m e s William M c C a r t h y , h a s a r e 1,300 Catholic p r i m a r y schools ruled t h a t diocese, a t e r r i t o r y in E n g l a n d a n d Wales. which covers t h e whole of t h r e e * * * * * Scots counties a n d a good p a r t of A NOTABLE VISITOR. another. H i s L o r d s h i p is n o t f a r One of E u r o p e ' s most distingushort of e i g h t y - t h r e e , y e t so f a r he has done h i s work single-hand- ished theologians, t h e Rev. P r o ed. T h e Holy See h a s n o w given fessor G a r r i g o u - L a g r a n g e , O.P., is him a Coadjutor, w i t h r i g h t of a t p r e s e n t p a y i n g England a visit succession, a n d t h e a p p o i n t m e n t is in order t o preach r e t r e a t s a t one t h a t is likely t o be hailed w i t h Oxford a n d t o give a lecture in wide satisfaction. T h e Bishop- London. P e r e G a r r i g o u - L a g r a n g e elect, Canon William Mellon, comes is world-famous: his conferences from t h e diocese of S t . A n d r e w s in P a r i s drew s t u d e n t s from m a n y and E d i n b u r g h a n d is a t p r e s e n t parish p r i e s t of one of E d i n b u r g h ' s lands. H e is t h e a u t h o r of a n u m busy c e n t r a l p a r i s h e s . H e will ber of deep and important theoloThis take to Galloway a ripe experience gical a n d devotional books. of parochial w o r k ; for h e h a s been famous Dominican is a Professor connected w i t h several i m p o r t a n t a t t h e Collegio Angelico in Rome. * * * * * centres, a n d for long periods. H i s consecration will b r i n g t h e n u m b e r AT HARVINGTON HALL. of t h e Scottish Archbishops a n d N e a r K i d d e r m i n s t e r , in t h e E n g Bishops t o eight. lish Midlands, is an ancient, m o a t -

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THE BELGIAN TRAGEDY.

In all t h e Catholic C h u r c h e s h e r e in London—and t h e s a m e is t r u e , of course, of o t h e r places a l s o — prayerful s y m p a t h y is b e i n g evoked for Belgium, s t r i c k e n b y t h e tragedy which h a s bereaved h e r of her Queen. B u t t h e r e is one church in p a r t i c u l a r w h e r e t h i s lamentable d e a t h h a s b r o u g h t special grief—Catholic B e l g i u m ' s own church in London, t h e C h u r c h of Our Lady of H a l in C a m d e n T o w n . There t h e congregation recall t h e gracious lady, a convert to t h e Faith, w h o m a d e so m a n y friends during h e r visit to E n g l a n d n o t long ago. T h e d e a t h of Queen Astrid leaves only o n e r e i g n i n g Catholic queen in E u r o p e , t h e Queen of Italy, since Spain is no longer a m o n a r c h y . B e l g i u m ' s r e presentatives in London a r e t o b e present a t a solemn r e q u i e m in t h e Camden T o w n c h u r c h .

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PLEASANT NEWS FROM YORKSHIRE.

In Leeds, Y o r k s h i r e , a Catholic Church is to be rebuilt, a n d for t h e next twelve m o n t h s t h e congregation m u s t worship elsewhere. They will not, however, b e w i t h o u t a place of worship d u r i n g that time. T h e V i c a r of a n Anglican church in t h e district, a s a g e s t u r e of Christian kindliness a n d cooperation, h a s placed h i s p a r i s h nail at t h e disposal of t h e Catholics for Sunday Mass, and while t h e i r own church is building t h e y will therefore go for t h e Holv Sacrifice to this C h u r c h of E n g l a n d build* g. T h e Vicar's action has brought h i m m a n y p r a i s e s from all sorts and conditions of m e n . * * * * * n

OUR GROWING SCHOOLS.

The annual report of t h e Board °f Education, a G o v e r n m e n t p u b lication, once more m a k e s good reading in t h e m a t t e r of Catholic educational progress. D u r i n g t h e J*ar ending March 31st, 1934 ( t h e report comes no n e a r e r t h a n t h a t ) catholic Schools increased by eight, in c o n t r a s t to t h i s s t a t e of n g s , Church of E n g l a n d schools tni

OFF SINCE 1 8 6 6

ROSKOPF

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s u r r o u n d e d mansion, H a r v i n g t o n ; Hall, w i t h m a n y Catholic associations. T h e house w a s a place of refuge, a n d a c e n t r e of Catholic devotion, d u r i n g t h e d a r k period of t h e penal t i m e s . " P r i e s t s ' - h o l e s " and o t h e r s e c r e t hiding-places a r e to be found in it, a n d a m o n g o t h e r j hallowed m e m o r i e s connected w i t h H a r v i n g t o n is t h a t of one of t h e I E n g l i s h M a r t y r s , Blessed John Wall.

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In t h e c o u r t y a r d of H a r v i n g t o n Hall, a few d a y s ago, t h e r £ w a s a moving a n d v e r y beautiful spectacle—a p a g e a n t play based o n t h e j life of t h e m a r t y r . T h e play w a s written by t h e present parish priest, F a t h e r P a t r i c k Moore. H e himself took t h e p a r t of Blessed J o h n W a l l ; o t h e r Catholics sustained t h e r e m a i n i n g rolesThe j play w a s introduced b y a f a m o u s j t h a t " t h e r e is very little t o choose B E L F A S T DISORDERS. Catholic lady w h o , m a n y y e a r s between t h e t w o mobs in Belfast," (Continued from page 1) ago, w a s one of t h e idols of t h e j British s t a g e : Madame de N a - ers d e t e r m i n e t h a t a h a l t shall b e except t h a t " o n e is l a r g e r t h a n t h e other." varro, n e e M a r y Anderson. G r e a t j called, t h e miserable business will A u t h o r i t i e s Blamed. i n t e r e s t w a s t a k e n in t h e H a r v i n g - be likely to continue. W h o will t a k e t h e first s t e p ? His E m i n e n c e Josejph Cardinal Viscount ton play, which h a d several i Craigavon is a m a n of high per- MacRory, A r c h b i s h o p of A r m a g h , p e r f o r m a n c e s . N o t t h e least consonal c h a r a c t e r and of uncommon is quoted a s b l a m i n g t h e a u t h o r i soling c i r c u m s t a n c e about it w a s courage. In common with several ties for t h e original d i s t u r b a n c e s t h a t it took place on w h a t is now a of h i s colleagues h e h a s been in- on July 12. H i s E m i n e n c e , t h e r e Catholic p r o p e r t y in perpetuity, for j fluenced in t h e p a s t by t h e politi- port s t a t e s , declared t h a t t h e a u H a r v i n g t o n Hall h a s become a pos- cal power of t h e O r a n g e Lodges, I thorities should not h a v e p e r m i t session of t h e Archdiocese of and h a s m a d e foolish s t a t e m e n t s , I ted t h e O r a n g e m e n ' s p a r a d e from B i r m i n g h a m and is being well i which, we do not doubt, he r e g r e t - I which resulted t h e anti-Catholic cared for. E v e r y y e a r a pilgri- ted a f t e r w a r d s . If he would come j o u t b u r s t s in Belfast. mage, in which h u n d r e d s of boldly into t h e open and denounce ' T h e trouble," t h e report quotes Catholics participate, is organized religious bigotry, a s it o u g h t to be t h e Cardinal a s saying, " w a s d u e to t h e Hall, t h e pilgrims coming j denounced, he would m a k e an en- partly to incitement t o b i g o t r y from all p a r t s of t h e Archdiocese, j ormous impression, not only on h i s more t h a n once shamelessly given own people in t h e N o r t h , but also hy prominent m e m b e r s of t h e N o r - ' on t h e Roman Catholic minority, t h e m g o v e r n m e n t , a n d p a r t l y t o ANOTHER OUTPOST. which is labouring u n d e r a sense of t h e neglect b y t h e G o v e r n m e n t t o Bit by bit, t h e F a i t h is being grievance, and tends to go to vio- do i t s duty p r o m p t l y in r e p r e s s i n g restored to t h e English c o u n t r y - l e n t e x t r e m e s . T h e situation is so violence, b u t mostly t o t h e i r side. T h e work is gradual, a n d in g r a v e t h a t no responsible Govern- cowardly failure t o forbid all places s l o w ; b u t it is s u r e . A m e n t cculd afford to t r e a t it p a r t y d e m o n s t r a t i o n s which s a d small Suffolk village, Hollesiey. lightly. N o r t h e r n Ireland has so experience h a s s h o w n a r e producsupplies t h e latest instance. By much of which t o be proud t h a t tive almost e v e r y v e a r of riot a n d t h e k i n d n e s s of a local lady, room its rubers ought not to rest until bloodshed." in 2 f a r m h o u s e w a s made available they have g o t rid of one really Meanwhile in t h i s city, Governfor t h e offering of Holy Mass. black spot on t h e Province's e s - m e n t officials vigorously condemncutcheon." Fifteen persons attended t h e first ed r e t a l i a t o r y o u t b u r s t s which celebration. T h e i r n u m b e r s will The paper t a k e s t h e position have m a n i f e s t e d t h e m s e l v e s a t grow. T h e priest who said t h e t h a t nothing could be more futile several points in t h e Irish F r e e t h e Mass, F a t h e r E r n e s t Sheb- in connection with t h e recent dis- S t a t e , a n d h a v e given it t o be beare, is a convert from t h e t u r b a n c e s " t h a n an a r g u m e n t as t o known t h a t all disorders will be m i n i s t r y of t h e C h u r c h of E n g l a n d . 'who began i t ? ' " It also contends dealt w i t h vi?~**ous!y.

R O S K O P F BATOU

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MALAYA

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CATHOLIC L E A D E R ,

SATURDAY,

J Y o u n g

P e o p l e ' s

P a g e

THE COURAGE OF A REAL SOLDIER. o

(A True Story). I n t h e flourishing r e i g n of L o u i s X I V , a n I n d i a n boy w a s s e n t t o F r a n c e t h a t h e m i g h t h a v e full opportunity t o prepare himself to r u l e h i s o w n people. B e i n g of noble b i r t h , h e w a s m a d e a m e m b e r of t h e F r e n c h C o u r t a n d a special i n s t r u c t o r w a s a p p o i n t e d t o develop h i m physically, m e n t a l l y a n d s p i r i t ually. H e w a s a s t r o n g built lad, p a r t i c u l a r l y a d e p t in h i s s t u d i e s , a n d s e e m e d t o b e specially i n t e r e s t e d in m a t t e r s of religion. T h r e e y e a r s p a s s e d , a n d i t w a s almost t i m e f o r h i m t o r e t u r n t o his native land. Thctagh q u i t e y o u n g , h e w a s p e r m i t t e d t o s e r v e t i m e in t h e a r m y , s o t h a t h e m i g h t be fitted t o lead t h e soldiers of h i s own c o u n t r y . O n e d a y , for v e r y little r e a s o n , a n older soldier, d u r i n g a n a r g u m e n t , i n s u l t e d h i m b y word, a n d t h e n s t r u c k h i m a blow on t h e face. The gallant youth never so much a s r e s e n t e d it. T h o s e s t a n d i n g b y w e r e m o r e t h a n a m a z e d . One, w h o claimed t o b e h i s friend, t o o k t h e occasion t o t a l k w i t h h i m t h a t e v e n i n g alone upon h i s b e h a v i o u r , w h i c h h e told h i m w a s t a m e a n d especially w r o n g in a soldier. " H e insulted you," said t h e friend w i t h some a n g e r . " Y e s , " w a s t h e calm a n s w e r of t h e I n d i a n lad. " H e s t r u c k y o u , " t h e friend continued. " H e did," t h e boy confirmed. " A n d a f t e r w a r d s h e spoke a b o u t you i n a disrespectful w a y . " " W h i t did h e s a y ? " " O h , h e said you w e r e a c o w a r d , t h a t you h a d n ' t t h e c o u r a g e t o fight." " I s it cowardice t o do w h a t o n e t h i n k s is right." "No, i t is n o t cowardice t o do w h a t is right." " T h a t is w h a t I t h i n k I h a v e done." :

" B u t you h a v e n ' t . * A soldier m u s t n e v e r allow a n y o n e—t«o—•i n s u*l_j t = h i m w i t h o u t s h o w i n g s i g n s of r e s e n t m e n t a n d a n g e r . You will b e t h e l a u g h i n g stock of t h e c a m p . W o r d will b e carried t o y o u r country about your weakness. H e r e a n d t h e r e you will b e l a u g h e d a* and scorned." " I a m doing a s I h a v e been taught." " A s you h a v e been t a u g h t ? " " A s I was instructed to do." " T h e n you h a v e h a d a poor teacher." " I do not t h i n k s o . " "Why not?" " T h e good p r i e s t who t a u g h t m e " h e s t a r t e d t o explain. " W i l l fit you for a m o n a s t e r y b y h i s lessons, b u t n e v e r for t h e a r m y and t h e court." " W h e n I w a s in I n d i a t h e r e w e r e m a n y t h i n g s I did n o t u n d e r s t a n d . " " A n d do not understand yet. You m u s t fight t h a t fellow a duel." " T h e r e in I n d i a I t r i e d t o l e a r n w h a t m y good f a t h e r a l w a y s t a u g h t me. T o b e a good r u l e r o n e m u s t « * —4. fhp w e l f a r e of h i s

people one m u s t b e t r u e t o his rel i g i o n ; one m u s t b e b r a v e . " " A n d since you h a v e come h e r e — y o u h a v e f o r g o t t e n all t h a t father t a u g h t you." "No. I h a v e learned still m o r e . " "What, for instance?" " I h a v e become a Catholic." "You!" "Yes. I h a v e studied t h e . Catholic religion, a n d I believe in followi n g o u t w h a t it t e a c h e s m e . I t is b r a v e not t o r e s e n t a n i n s u l t ; it t a k e s m o r e c o u r a g e n o t t o light TO YOUNG MEN. IF YOU ARE WELL BRED You will be kind. You will not use slang. You will try to make others happy. You will not be shy or selfconscious. You will never indulge in ill-natured gossip. You will never forget the respect due to age. You will not swagger or boast of your achievements. You will think of others before you think of yourself. You will be scrupulous in your regard for the rights of others. You will not measure your civility by people's bank accounts. You will not forget engagements, promises or obligations of any kind. In conversation you will not be argumentative or contradictory. You will never make fun of the peculiarities or idiosyncrasies of others. You will not bore people by constantly talking of yourself and your affairs. You will never under any circumstances cause another pain, if you can help it. You will not think that " good incompensate for rude or tentions gruff manners. You will not sulk or feel neglected if others receive more attention than you do. You will not hav'e two sets of manners, one for " company and one for home use. You will be as agreeable to your in ferrors as to your equals and superiors. You will never remind a cripple of his deformity or probe the sore spots of a sensitive soul. You will let a refined manner and superior intelligence show that you have travelled, instead of constantly talking of the different countries you have visited. You will not remark while a 'guest that you do not like the food which has been served to you. You will not attract attention by t heither a n toyour e n t loud e r a talk duel.or laughter, If t h i s hora d hshow a p p e nyour e d egotism in India, I would have by trying to absorb been u n h a p p y u n t i l I h a d my r e conversation. 99

99

venge. I would h a v e followed t h a t fellow u n t i l I killed h i m or h e killed me, b u t I would show all m y c o u n t r y m e n t h a t I wasi a b r a v e soldier a n d w o r t h y t o be t h e i r ruler." " A n d now, w h a t will you d o ? "

U t b September, 1985.

O

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FADING AWAY. In a village there lived a middle-aged man who was looked upon by all the inhabitants to be brainless. Many of the local people employed him, but he proved useless at work. His relatives could not send him for a message, as he did not seem to know the value of coins. After some months a new landowner bought a farm and dwelling-house, and became friendly with the local farmers. One morning, as he was chatting, the idiot passed, and the landowner was told the story. A few days later the landowner decided to test the fool. He called him, and placing a florin inthe fool's hand, told him to get sweets. He watched him strolling away and saw him climbing into a field. Deciding to find out the reason, he entered the adjoining field, and peered through the i hedge. He saw the fool cutting a small j sod and speaking as follows to the florin; "I will place you underneath here and I will call to-morrow at 11a.m. to see you." Next morning the landowner took away the florin and placed a five shilling piece m the hole, to hear the remarks. The fool lifted the sod and was delighted. He said to the coin, "My I lovely fellow, you have grown much | larger since yesterday, I will leave you there for another day." The following day the landowner unable to place a larger coin in the hole, j put a sovereign there and tone away the I silver coin. The fool arrived and on seeing the I sovereign exclaimed! "My poor little fellow, you grew bigger and bigger during the past two days, | but now, I notice you have t'aded away | and became sickly looking, I am afraid i you may die, I will take you home. * * * * * * A STRONG HINT. A musician, while playing, was very much annoyed by an amateur, who leant over him, and almost thrust his nose in his face. To g e t rid of him, the musician hastily drew out his handkerchief and took hold of his neighbour's nose, and then, as if discovering his mistake, he said, "I beg pardon; your nose was so near my eyes that I really mistook it for my own." * * * * * * TRUTHFUL. A canvasser who was doing his daily rounds from house to house came across a small boy standing on a door-step. j " I s your mother in, sonny?" he I asked. | "Yes," replied the boy. After kno king at the door four time3 and g e t t n g no reply, he turned to the boy and said, "I thought you said your mother was in." ' S o she is," said the boy, "but we don't live here." * * * * * *

"Every child needs milk every day." M I L K M A I D M I L K MUSIC A N D APPETITE, S o m e g r e a t composers have almost s t a r v e d for lack of means tc feed t h e m s e l v e s properly. Other ; g r e a t c o m p o s e r s h a v e been famous j gourmands. I R o s s i n i i s said t o h a v e presented ! a p o r t r a i t t o a provision merchant j w i t h t h e s e w o r d s w r i t t e n on i t : j "To m y s t o m a c h ' s best friend." ! D u s s e k w a s so h u g e a n e a t e r t h a t he s o m e t t i e s w a s provided bv his p a t r o n w i t h t h r e e s e a t s a t table. H a n d e l , too, w a s a m a n of app e t i t e . H e i s said t o have ordered a t a n i n n d i n n e r f o r t h r e e . After w a i t i n g awhile, h e asked why it w a s n o t b r o u g h t . T h e waiter ans w e r e d : " W e a r e w a i t i n g , sir, till t h e c o m p a n y a r r i v e s . " And Handel r e p l i e d : " B r i n g u p de dinner pres t i s s i m o . I a m d e gompany."

T H E V A L U E O F A SUNNY SOUL. i I T h e w o r l d is t o o full of sadness and s o r r o w , m i s e r y a n d sickness; it n e e d s m o r e s u n s h i n e ; it needs cheerful lives w h i c h r a d i a t e gladn e s s ; i t n e e d s e n c o u r a g e r s who will lift a n d n o t discourage. Who can " I will s t a n d for w h a t I t h i n k is e s t i m a t e t h e v a l u e of a s u n n y soul right." " A n d you will not fight t h e w h o s c a t t e r s gladness a n d good c h e e r w h e r e v e r h e goes, instead of I duel?" gloom a n d s a d n e s s ? Everybody is ! " I will n o t . " j T h e decision of t h e y o u n g Indian a t t r a c t e d t o t h e s e cheerful faces I a n d t h e r e a s o n s for it w e r e c a r r i e d a n d s u n n y lives, a n d repelled by i t o t h e c a m p by h i s friend. T h e t h e g l o o m y , t h e morose, and the j scldiers w e r e a t first a s t o n i s h e d a t sad. W e e n v y people w h o radiate j his s t a n d , t h e n t h e y a g r e e d h e h a d c h e e r w h e r e v e r t h e y go, and fling j set t h e e x a m p l e which t h e y should o a t g l a d n e s s f r o m every pore. h a v e given. T h a t s a m e n i g h t t h e Money, h o u s e s , a n d lands look conoffender c a m e to t h e I n d i a n lad, t e m p t i b l e beside such a disposition. begged his pardon, and in a public T h e a b i l i t y t o r a d i a t e s u n s h i n e is w a y offered r e p a r a t i o n . a g r e a t e r p o w e r t h a n b e a u t y or " I did it because I h a d been called t h a n m e r e m e n t a l accomplisha coward," h e said; " a n d w a s I not m e n t s . lacking in courage in i n s u l t i n g a m e r e boy, t h o u g h I a m b u t a y e a r j At t h e Stadium. older and t h e son of a noblemen as I B o x e r : H a v e I done Mm any well." But throughout the camp rang damage ? D i s g u s t e d Second: N o ; but keep t h e p r a i s e s of an Indian lad, who not .only believed in t h e F a i t h , b u t on s w i n g i n ' y o u r a r m s about. T h e d r a u g h t m i g h t give 'im a cold. alsd* practised it.

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Press Gleanings bp Air The Pope And P e a c e Mr. George L a n s b u r y ' s s u g g e s tion t h a t t h e P o p e should be appealed to in o r d e r t h a t h e m i g h t summon a " c o n g r e s s of C h r i s t e n dom" was dealt w i t h in a l e t t e r addressed by t h e Archbishop of Westminster to The Times. His Grace pointed to t h e n u m e rous occasions on which t h e Pope had exerted himself t o exorcise t h e spirit of war. T h o s e efforts h a v e been seemingly in vain. "Still," wrote t h e A r c h b i s h o p , " h e continues to t h i s day working, s t r i v i n g , praying for peace. Of this I h a v e direct personal knowledge." I t m i g h t be recalled in t h i s connection t h a t H i s Holiness while acting as Apostolic Visitor in Poland, saw w a r a t close q u a r t e r s and t h a t t h e s u b j e c t of h i s first Encyclical, w h e n h e became Pope, was " T h e Peace of Christ to be sought in t h e K i n g d o m of C h r i s t . " " P e a c e , " h e w r o t e , " w a s indeed signed between t h e belligerents, but it w a s w r i t t e n in public documents, not in t h e h e a r t s of m e n ; the spirit of w a r r a g e s t h e r e still, bring n g ever-increasing h a r m t o society." H o w t r u e t h o s e words were s u b sequent events h a v e amply proved. It is not likely t h a t t h e Pontiff w h o wrote t h e m h a s forgotten t h e m or t h a t h e h a s ceased t o labour for the cause which h e t h e n advocated.

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14th September,

5

LUXEMBURG N U N S R I S E TO A N OCCASION I N H U N A N .

Taohsien, H u n a n . — A n e x a m p l e " T h e Peace Of C h r i s t " | of t h e splendid o p p o r t u n i t i e s for T h e words defining t h e subject j service t h a t lie open t o n u n s on of t h a t first Encyclical a r e p a r t i - I t h e missions c a m e t o light recently cularly significant in t h e present j in t h e n e a r b y district of K i y a n g , connection. " T h e peace of C h r i s t " ! w h e r e t h e F r a n c i s c a n S i s t e r s of does n o t s t a n d by itself as an iso- j C h a r i t y of L u x e m b u r g r u n a <fislated ethical a n d social ideal. I t | p e n s a r y , a school a n d a n o r p h a n For over a quarter century belongs to a divine o r d e r — t h e | a g e . F o r t h e p a s t t w o m o n t h s Kingdom of C h r i s t — a n d can be j t h e y h a v e spent m a n y h o u r s daily GOLD LEAF TEA has been realised only in t h a t order. ! m i n i s t e r i n g t o t h e needs of a recognised as symbolic of I t is u n f o r t u n a t e t h a t some fail j famished population. P o o r t h e m the utmost in skill in Blendto see t h i s and c l a m o u r for a n y ; selves w i t h few r e s o u r c e s , t h e y kind of peace u n d e r a n y conditions | h a v e done heroic w o r k in c a r i n g ing, honour and integrity a n d a t any price. W h a t t h a t may ; for t h e sick w h e r e t h e y w e r e p r e in the packing of Fragrant m e a n t h e T r e a t y of Versailles I v e n t e d by lack of funds from ; p r o v i d i n g food for t h o u s a n d s of and Inimitable Tea. should have t a u g h t us. Mr. L a n s b u r y ' s appeal for a j t h e s t r a v i n g , a s t h e y would h a v e Of all dealers throughout Malaya, "solemn convocation" representa- I wished t o do. L a s t y e a r ' s rice crop had been tive of all creeds indicates t h a t h e T h e supply r u n n i n g does not appreciate t h e sole condi- j a failure. tion u n d e r which a t r u l y Christian s h o r t , t h e price h a d tripled by peace could be concluded. Such a April. T h e helpless poor swelled peace requires t h e e n t i r e Christian ' t h e a r m y of b e g g a r s — s o o n t h e r e context. It m u s t be set in a w e r e 30,000 of t h e m . Conditions Agents: world-order consistent with t h e b e c a m e so bad by J u n e , t h a t t h e | [ local a u t h o r i t i e s were forced t o ideals of peace. 1 2 r - A , Robinson Road, They T h e pacifist, generally speaking, u n d e r t a k e active relief. SINGAPORE. is a specialist and fails to see t h a t secured a l a r g e s h i p m e n t of rice | w a r is merely t h e s y m p t o m of a w i t h funds collected a m o n g t h e j disease which has a t t a c k e d every wealthier families. T h e y g a t h e r e d . p h a s e of h u m a n life. Treated a s t o g e t h e r t h e f a m i n e sufferers in |; P u r i t a n F a t h e r s t h a t t h e w o r s t an isolated phenomenon, it will c a m p s outside t h e city a n d r a t i o n e d j! examples of indecency and b l a s t h e m twice daily. | p h e m y come. F r o m one e x t r e m e , continue to plague us. In t h e camps, disease w a s p r e - A m e r i c a h a s swung t o t h e o t h e r . * * * * * * valent, t h e m o r t a l i t y being p a r t i - j It is obvious, t h e r e f o r e , t h a t Compton Mackenzie And T h e cularly high a m o n g t h e children, ij P u r i t a n i s m , in its N e w E n g l a n d Modern Novel T h e S i s t e r s offered t h e i r services | A little while ago S i r Seymour j t o t h e District M a g i s t r a t e , w h o j form, so f a r from b e i n g a r e m e d y , influence. Hicks w a s allowed t h e use of i t s accepted . t h e m and a r r a n g e d a I acts a s a provocative columns by t h e Daily Mail to de- ! daily visit for t h e m t o t h r e e dif- | A r e a c t i o n from m o d e r n licentiousfend w h a t a r e now r e g a r d e d as old f e r e n t c a m p s w h e r e t h e y m i g h t ness t o a prudish a n d bloodless i conception of l i t e r a t u r e would be fashioned ideals of m a r r i a g e . dispense medical aid. disastrous. L a s t week t h e s a m e paper gave H a p p y t o be " S i s t e r s of C h a r i t y " I t i s possible, as Sigrid U n d s e t p r o m i n e n t space to a n article by j in deed a s well as n a m e , t h e n u n s h a s s h o w n , to w r i t e frankly and Mr. Compton Mackenzie entitled, I circulated w i t h several a s s i s t a n t s "Give U s Cleaner Novels." T h e j a m o n g t h e m a n y sick, dispensing realistically, y e t in a m a n n e r w h i c h conclusion of his indictment of I medicine and advice, a n d d r e s s i n g I upholds Christian s t a n d a r d s of certain t y p e s of "best-sellers" is | i n n u m e r a b l e sores. On m a n y an | conduct. T h e r e is such a t h i n g a s t h a t t h e m a t t e r should be dealt I occasion, as d e a t h hovered over a i sacrificing robustness to w h a t m a y | be described as a form of infantile w i t h b y t h e Society of A u t h o r s . p a t i e n t , t h e y were able to speak ! p a r a l y s i s . T h i s is a wise a n d practical s u g - w o r d s of comfort a n d b a t h e t h e T h e difference to be noted s e e m s gestion. J u s t a s doctors and law- j g!owing forehead w i t h fresh, cool y e r s look a f t e r w h a t t h e y conceive ! w a t e r . . . T h e various functionaries to lie between t h e w r i t e r w h o exto be t h e h o n o u r of t h e i r profes- j proved kind and e a g e r t o r e n d e r ploits d i r t for its own sake a n d t h e one w h o , like t h e f a r m e r a n d t h e sion and as, in t h e Middle A g e s , j a s s i s t a n c e . navy, comes across it in t h e t h e guilds did t h e s a m e for various j A s t h e S i s t e r s passed t h r o u g h crafts and t r a d e s , so m i g h t those j t h e city from one c a m p t o a n o t h e r , course of his work b u t does n o t whose business is t h a t of w r i t i n g j t h e y w e r e frequently e n t r e a t e d to s t a y t o contemplate it. * * * * * * a s s u m e responsibility for safe- I d r o p in a t t h e bedside of t h e sick Totalitarianism And Radio g u a r d i n g i t s r e p u t a t i o n for de- j in t h e i r homes, for news of t h e i r T h e policy advocated in t h e recency. efficient m i n i s t r a t i o n s h a d quickly T h e trouble is t h a t , without a n y p a s s e d around. T h e y h a v e earned port of t h e T r a d e s Union Congress concerning t h e f u t u r e of t h e B . B . C recognised s t a n d a r d of literary ! a well-merited recognition. T h e emergency will soon be over would place w h a t is n o w a semiethics, it would be difficult to se- ) cure u n a n i m i t y . Nevertheless, it for a new and for once bountiful p r i v a t e company entirely u n d e r t h e is a s a n e proposal t h a t t h e literary h a r v e s t is about t o be r e a p e d . T h e Government, t h e view being t a k e n profession should b e its own S i s t e r s s h a r e t h e j o y of t h e people t h a t t h i s would e n s u r e g r e a t e r imcensor^J a t t h e prospect of b e t t e r t i m e s . p a r t i a l i t y in t h e discussion of A n d t h e y h a v e t h e additional joy political issues. B u t t h e e a s e w i t h Emigration of a n occasion met, good w o r k ac- which t h i s powerful m e a n s of conWe referred in o u r Notes last J complished, and a h o s t of new troDing public opinion could be week to Mr. L y o n s ' optimistic j friends a s t h e unlooked for r e w a r d utilised by a s t r o n g G o v e r n m e n t views concerning t h e reopening of j of t h e i r willing self-sacrifice. for imposing its own views would, A u s t r a l i a to i m m i g r a n t s . But t h e in a crisis, prove a n irresistible (Luman) importance of t h e subject compels j temptation. us t o mention t h e m a t t e r once economics which emphasised" t h e It is such mechanical efficiency more. We do so in o r d e r to quote i m p o r t a n c e of e x p o r t s and i m p o r t s . as t h a t presented b y t h e r a d i o a w r i t e r in The Times who dis- T h a t system has broken down. which makes t h e Totalitarian tinguishes between two differing W i t h immense a r e a s still unculti- S t a t e a possibility. Without the policies as r e g a r d s emigration. vated, our colonies find it impos- m e a n s we possess for rapid and T h e first is t h a t usually follow- sible to invite m o r e i m m i g r a n t s universal p r o p a g a n d a it would be ed. I t r e g a r d s t h e e m i g r a n t as a since those already t h e r e a r e scarcely practicable t o s t a n d a r d i s e possible c u s t o m e r for t h e Old unable to m a k e a decent living. popular opinion as, in some coun* * * * * * C o u n t r y ' s products. Assisted to tries, i t is s t a n d a r d i s e d to-day. m i g r a t e , he settles in Canada, A u s - P r u d i s h n e s s And P r u r i e n c y T h e a b u n d a n t m e a n s a t o u r dist r a l i a or some o t h e r colony and, in Mr. Compton Mackenzie, in t h e posal f o r imposing d i c t a t o r s h i p s course of t m e , r e p a y s his debt by article referred to, m a k e s a s t r o n g account in p a r t for t h e existence of increasing t h e p u r c h a s e s made b y point when he s a y s : " P r u d e r y al- d i c t a t o r s h i p s . F r o m t h i s p o i n t of t h e colony from us. A well-popu- w a y s induces a n ugly reaction, and view, it would be correct to s a y lated colony being a commercial it is significant t h a t t h e d i r t i e s t i t h a t i t is applied science which a s s e t to t h e M o t h e r Country, it is novels of all come from a c o u n t r y d e t e r m i n e s t h e c h a r a c t e r of o u r to our interest to see t h a t our s u r - w h e r e p r u d e r y lingered in i t s sick- political institutions. T h e proplus population is drafted over- liest f o r m . " T h e r e f e r e n c e to blem is how m a n is t o prove himseas. A m e r i c a n publication w h i c h h e self m a s t e r of applied science T h a t was t h e common view of italicised is fully b o r n e o u t b y t h e i n s t e a d of becoming its helpless t h e m a t t e r , and, a s will be seen, it facts. slave. w a s based on t h e old system of | I t is from t h e h o m e of t h e (Catholic Times 30th A u g u s t . )

F. A. BARTH0L0MEUSZ LTD,


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 14th S e B t e m b ^ J g S S .

6

A CITY WITHOUT A PRIEST ( J . Dee in ' A m e r i c a . ' )

BISHOP OF MUNSTER'S APT RETORT TO HERR ROSENBERG. The Bishop of M u n s t e r , Germ a n y , Mgr. Count von Galen, h a s m a d e a spirited reply to t h e a t t a c k on him bv H e r r Rosenberg, t h e Nazi " C u l t u r a l " chief. " T h e a t t a c k s on m e , " said t h e Bishop of M u n s t e r w a s d e t e r r e d by words which sounded like t h r e a t s . I have never yet heard that a Bishop of M u n s t e r was deterred by t h r e a t s from doing a n d s a y i n g w h a t he r e g a r d e d a s his duty. I know t h a t 60 y e a r s ago a Bishop of M u n s t e r w a s a r r e s t e d a n d led from h e r e t o prison bec a u s e h e h a d f o u g h t for Divine j u s t i c e a n d t h e freedom of t h e c h u r c h . Should God's providence give me a s i m i l a r f a t e I hope I shall be g r a n t e d t h e resolution t o endure anything rather than weaken from t h e o a t h of m y d u t y .

Catholic Publications published by Examiner Press. Obtainable from their Malayan Agents,

PETER CHONG'S Priests and People in Ireland,

What'the Catholic Church is and what A n e i g h t y - y e a r - o l d p r i e s t r i s k e d opened on our r i g h t . I t was t h e She teaches, dining* room, b u t a s w e entered, i m p r i s o n m e n t a n d possible d e a t h Adventists Doctrines, j Archaic Religions, t h a t S u n d a y m o r n i n g w h e n h e a g r o u p of ladies w e r e a r r a n g i n g | Galileo and his Condemnations, c a m e t o s a y M a s s in a small h o u s e it for t h e service. HackeFs Frauds & Forgeries, o n t h e o u t s k i r t s of t h e c i t y of All t h e windows w e r e s h u t t e r e d The Arch Liar Froude, C h i h u a h u a , Mexico. I n t h i s c h a r m - ami b a r r e d . T h e d i n i n g table w a s Man's Great Concern, etc. i n g city t h e r e a r e five small, b u t moved t o one end of t h e room, a n d beautiful, c h u r c h e s a n d o n e m a g n i - a lace cloth w a s placed upon it. T h e priest finished t h e prayer ficent c a t h e d r a l . S i n c e a d a y in T h e n a l a r g e crucifix which w a s for t h e dead a n d s t a r t e d t h e Pater t h e l a t t e r p a r t of l a s t S e p t e m b e r , p a r t of a s h r i n e in M r s . "s N o s t e r . In t h e p r o p a g a n d a materw h e n t h e G o v e r n m e n t o r d e r s w e n t bedroom was b r o u g h t out and p u t ial which t h e M o t h e r Superior had i n t o effect, t h e s e m a n i f e s t a t i o n s of on t h e table. I t took quite a few given m e t h e d a y before was a Catholic f a i t h h a v e been w i t h o u t m i n u t e s t o produce t h e v e s t m e n t s p a p e r called t h e Periodical of e i t h e r p r i e s t or S a c r a m e n t . T h e | from t h e i r h i d i n g place. Action, published in Mexico City. g r e a t m a j o r i t y of t h e people of j " T h e y m u s t be k e p t securely In t h e m a g a z i n e w a s t h e " P a t e r C h i h u a h u a h a v e t h u s been deprived " a s we a r e | N o s t e r of t h e Socialists." It said: h i d d e n , " said M r s of t h e i r religious p r i v i l e g e s . s e a r c h e d from cellar t o a t t i c often. "Oh, our Socialism who art on But although t h e G o v e r n o r ' s It h a p p e n e d t o m e only r e c e n t l y . " I e a r t h , blessed by t h y n a m e ; let us d e c r e e of l a s t S e p t e m b e r c a u s e d A t a few m i n u t e s before six t h e come t o t h y k i n g d o m . T h y wishes all C h u r c h p r o p e r t y t o b e t u r n e d b e done in t h e city a s in t h e couno v e r t o t h e S t a t e a n d f o r b a d e t h e f r o n t door opened a g a i n . A little A n d as we w e r e going out t h e door p r e s e n c e of a n y p r i e s t s o r n u n s in old m a n w i t h all t h e a p p e a r a n c e of s h e asked m e t h i s last question, j t r y . Give us o u r daily r i g h t s and t h e province, t h e Mexican people a typical Mexican h o u s e s e r v a n t " W h a t will t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s d o ? " forgive us not if w e forgive, those A s I k n e l t t h e r e a t Mass, I won- j w h o exploit u s . L e t u s not fall into w h o s e religious fidelity h a s been e n t e r e d . W i t h h i m w a s a small h a n d e d down a n d s t r e n g t h e n e d boy. T h e y w e r e t h e e i g h t y - y e a r - d e r e d a b o u t t h a t question along t h e h a n d s of t h e clergy, our eternal Should t h e | enemies, and deliver u s from all t h r o u g h t h e g e n e r a t i o n s since t h e i r old p r i e s t a n d t h e boy w h o w a s t o w i t h s o m e o t h e r s . conversion b y t h e i r Catholic con- serve h i s M a s s . Finally, w h e n t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s i n t e r v e n e ? I t h o u g h t evil." q u e r o r s i n 1524 still flock t o t h e candles h a d been lighted, t h e door of t h e 30,000 Catholics in t h e city c h u r c h e s a t t h e a c c u s t o m e d t i m e . closed a n d bolted, a n d t h e p r i e s t t h a t S u n d a y w h o could n o t a t t e n d B u t if you a r e a m o n g t h e t r u s t e d h a d e x c h a n g e d his s t r e e t clothing Mass, h a d n o t been able to do so FAR EASTERN M U S I C since l a s t S e p t e m b e r . Would t h e i r f e w you will be c o n v e r s a n t w i t h for t h e v e s t m e n t s , M a s s began. SCHOOL f a i t h h o l d ? Would y o u r s or m i n e t h e fact t h a t in t h e w o r s h i p p i n g I will never f o r g e t t h a t Mass a s u n d e r like c i r c u m s t a n c e s ? W h a t c o n g r e g a t i o n i s a p r i e s t w h o is l-A, Kirk Terrace l e a d i n g t h e people in t h e p r a y e r . long a s I live. I h a d r e a d in t h e a b o u t t h e s t a n d a r d s of t h e C a t h o S o do t h e l a r g e n u m b e r s of t h e n e w s p a p e r s a n d m a g a z i n e s of t h e lic family ? Would t h e y necessarily (Off D h o b y G h a u t ) Mexican m a s s e s a t t e m p t t o live u p religious s i t u a t i o n in Mexico, b u t be l o w e r e d ? A l r e a d y t h e r e a r e SINGAPORE. it w a s only now w h e n I was forced h u n d r e d s of cases w h e r e Catholic t o t h e i r religion. t") h e a r M a s s b e h i n d s h u t t e r e d couples h a v e been forced t o live t o T h e only a n d oldest institution I t is t h e p r i v i l e g e of only a f e w windows a n d locked doors t h a t I g e t h e r w i t h o u t t h e S a c r a m e n t of of its kind in Singapore with dozen of t h e s e u n f o r t u n a t e people v a g u e l y b e g a n t o realize w h a t M a r r i a g e , b e c a u s e t h e y could n o t up-to-date equipment. Had to h e a r M a s s on a S u n d a y m o r n - religious p e r s e c u t i o n could m e a n . secure t h e services of a p r i e s t . gained a series of successes in ing. W e w e r e enabled t h r o u g h My first face-to-face m e e t i n g w i t h H e r e is one case in p a r t i c u l a r t h a t t h e T r i n i t y College Examinao u r connections, t o b e a m o n g t h i s religious intolerance h a d been on w a s told t o u s . t i o n s in t h e p a s t . No age resprivileged few. I t is n o t possible t h e d a y before w h e n we h a d g o n e t r i c t i o n . W r i t e f o r particulars. T h e d a u g h t e r of one of t h e richt o tell h e r e h o w . A m e r i c a n s g o t i n t o o u t t o s e e a g r o u p .of S i s t e r s of M. A N C I A N O , e s t a n d m o s t devout m e n in Chit h e Catholic circles of C h i h u a h u a P e r p e t u a l A d o r a t i o n . h u a h u a w a s g o i n g t o be m a r r i e d . Principal. a n d how w e w e r e invited t o a t t e n d T h e s e S i s t e r s once h a d h a d a A n d b e c a u s e of h e r f a t h e r ' s influM a s s . (I m i g h t s a y h e r e t h a t t i m e , s h e h a d been able t o secure places, a n d d e s c r i p t i o n s m u s t of convent of t h e i r own a n d also ence I n a n o t h e r of t h e magazines, necessity b e v a g u e in t h e i n t e r e s t owned a n d o p e r a t e d a n o r p h a n a g e t h e services of t h e p r i e s t w h o w a s of s a f e g u a r d i n g t h e people w h o a n d a school. B u t l a s t S e p t e m b e r s a y i n g o u r M a s s t o officiate a t t h e I C h r i s t T h e K i n g , (published every w e r e so kind t o u s in C h i h u a h u a . ) t h e s e w e r e t a k e n a w a y from t h e m c e r e m o n y . B u t t h e girl w a s n o t j S a t u r d a y "God willing or not willb y t h e G o v e r n m e n t a n d t h e y w e r e m a r r i e d by t h e p r i e s t . In h e r j o y j i n g " ) , and devoted mostly to B u t , in d u e c o u r s e , w e w e r e o r d e r e d t o leave. They w e r e s h e h a d told too m a n y people, a n d ! obscene c a r i c a t u r e s of God and the notified t h r o u g h t h e s e c h a n n e l s t o obliged t o comply w i t h t h e Govern- a s a , r e s u l t on t h e d a y of t h e wed- i C h u r c h , w e r e p r i n t e d these reb e a t a specific h o u s e a t a q u a r t e r m e n t ' s decree, b u t six of t h e m r e - ding, her house was closely | m a r k s p u r p o r t e d to have been t o s i x on S u n d a y m o r n i n g , t o a r r i v e t u r n e d singly a n d g a t h e r e d t o w a t c h e d . A friend w a r n e d t h e I spoken by Colonel L i n d b e r g h : "The t h e r e a s c a u t i o u s l y a n d u n o b t r u - c a r r y on t h e i r w o r k a s best t h e y p r i e s t n o t t o a p p e a r . Still, to-day | c r i m e c o m m i t t e d a g a i n s t his firstsively a s possible, a n d t o w a l k in m i g h t from t h e hide-out t o which t h e girl is living w i t h h e r h u s b a n d . l born was not t h e work of an without waiting to be admitted. we were taken. , I T h e r e a r e h u n d r e d s of such m a r r i - | a t h e i s t , not a P r o t e s t a n t , neither W e w e r e told t o t r u s t no one, not I of a J e w n o r of a Mohammedan but a g e cases, T h e f r o n t of t h e h o u s e is a small even: t h e people w i t h w h o m we j [It is well known, of course, t h a t I probably of a R o m a n Catholic." were staying, ^wfthâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;this i n f o r - I s h o p , a n d a lady is t h e r e t o w a i t | if it is foreseen t h a t a p r i e s t will T h e little old p r i e s t finished Mass mation, v C o n s e q u e n t l y , in o r d e r to ! on a n y o n e w h o e n t e r s . However, ! not be available w i t h i n t h i r t y d a y s a n d p r e p a r e d t o leave. T h e answer ! if t h e lady k n o w s you, s h e will t a k e b e s u r e of d i v u l g i n g not t h e s l i g h t a couple can, u n d e r Canon Law, e s t details of t h e plan a n d y e t be | you into a back r o o m a n d out t o a p e r f o r m t h e i r m a r r i a g e w i t h o u t a t o m y question, would t h e faith of c e r t a i n of a r r i v i n g on t i m e , w e j p a t i o . H e r e you g o down a walk t o p r i e s t b u t in t h e presence of wit- ! t h e 30,000 Catholics in Chihuahua took t u r n s r e m a i n i n g a w a k e all j a n open door which you enter. You nesses, a n d t h a t t h i s m a r r i a g e is ; w i t h s t a n d such a t e s t , was much now find yourself in a little chapel j m o r e clear in m y mind. However, through the night. a valid S a c r a m e n t . A s soon a s a w i t h a small a l t a r on which t h e p r i e s t is available t h e couple m u s t ' I still t h o u g h t of myself in t h e Finally five o'clock c a m e . S h a v e d ! Blessed S a c r a m e n t is always exduly receive t h e blessing. Editor's : s a m e position a n d wondered what a n d dressed w e w e r e on o u r w a y I posed. Two S i s t e r s and t h r e e lay \ I would do. Could I keep my faith ? Note.'] . d o w n s t a i r s by t w e n t y a f t e r . B y i ladies a r e t h e r e k n e e l i n g a n d p r a y T h e door closed behind the . g r e a t good f o r t u n e , w e g o t o u t of I i n g . You m a y now e n t e r a door My t h o u g h t s were b r o u g h t back " p e a s a n t " w h o w a s on his way t o t h e house w i t h o u t b e i n g seen, t h e | on t h e left a n d find yourselves in to m y p r e s e n t s u r r o u n d i n g s by t h e s a y Mass a g a i n t h a t m o r n i n g in the only p e r s o n a b o u t b e i n g t h e hall i one of t h e t w o r o o m s used by t h e I r i n g i n g of t h e little b r e a k f a s t bell " C i t y w i t h o u t a P r i e s t . " And a s boy w h o was curled u p a s l e e p on | six S i s t e r s for living q u a r t e r s . t h a t t h e a l t a r boy was u s i n g t o I, too took m y d e p a r t u r e I realized t h e sofa. Once on t h e s t r e e t , t h e t h a t it would t a k e a long while t o Here we met the M o t h e r announce t h e S a n c t u s , and I follow- dislodge t h e s e Mexicans from their distance t o t h e h o u s e w h i c h n o r - | ed t h e p r i e s t closely until h e h a d mally would h a v e t a k e n only five ; Superior. S h e w a s a s h o r t , r a t h e r finished t h e Consecration and h a d f a i t h , as long a s t h e propaganda m i n u t e s t o t r a v e r s e took u s t w e n t y - j s t o u t person w i t h a small r o u n d s t a r t e d s a y i n g t h e p r a y e r s for t h e which is b e i n g spread by the five by t h e devious r o u t e w h i c h we \ face w h o enjoyed t r y i n g h e r s c a n t y dead. One of t h e t h i n g s m o s t often G o v e r n m e n t a l o n g such lines a s chose. Two m o u n t e d police p a t - I knowledge of E n g l i s h out on u s . p r a y e d for b y a Catholic is t h a t h e h a v e been m e n t i o n e d and by such rolling t h e s t r e e t s in t h e early : F r o m o u r c o n v e r s a t i o n we g a t h e r e d j m a y n o t die w i t h o u t t h e services s t a t e m e n t s a s : "God does not exist. d a w n passed u s by w i t h only a t h a t for people over w h o m t h e I of a p r i e s t . Y e t in t h i s city, t h e r e I t is impossible t o imagine t h e p e n a l t y of detection was i m p r i s o n glance. existence of a n y t h i n g (or God) m e n t o r d e a t h , t h e s e S i s t e r s w e r e j a r e 30,000 Catholics w i t h o u t a i m m a t e r i a l . T h e r e is nothing imp r i e s t w h o d a r e s t o move freely A t l a s t w e a r r i v e d a t t h e front a v e r y h a p p y g r o u p . am&ng t h e m . . . . Will d e a t h m a t e r i a l . T h e n w h a t is God? door w h i c h w e opened w i t h o u t A b u s i n e s s ! " is being Before we left, t h e M o t h e r w i t h o u t t h e S a c r a m e n t s become so L i e s ! w a i t i n g for a n a n s w e r t o o u r knock. counteracted a n d overcome by t h e common a s t o weaken t h e f a i t h of S u p e r i o r p r o c u r e d for m e s o m e Inside we were greeted by Mrs.â&#x20AC;&#x201D;, t h e l a d y of t h e h o u s e , w h o led us p r o p a g a n d a p u t o u t by t h e Govern- t h e people t o t h e point w h e r e t h e y whole-hearted zeal of such workers down t h e hall i n t o a room which m e n t a g a i n s t t h e C h u r c h in Mexico. no l o n g e r feel t h e need f o r t h e m ? in t h e i n t e r e s t s of Christ. ?


MALAYA

CATHOLIC

LEADER,

SATURDAY,

A BISHOP'S FUNERAL BV MALABAR. A CORTEGE OF BOATS FIVE MILES LONG. (By F I D E S S E R V I C E . ) On J u l y 25, a f t e r a Solemn ReChanganacherry, (South India) —Approximately 400,000 p e r s o n s quiem Mass and t h e Office of t h e from all p a r t s of T r a v a n c o r e , j D e a d according t o t h e ancient mostly Catholics, a r e said t o h a v e j S y r o - M a l a b a r R i t e , t h e coffin was witnessed a s t r i k i n g procession placed aboard a motor-launch and beautiful through t h e lagoons of p i c t u r e s q u e | escorted t h r o u g h t h e Lake V e m b a n a d J u l y 25 w h e n t h e I w a t e r - w a y s of t h e M a l a b a r littoral body of t h e l a t e B i s h o p of C h a n g - J t o St. M a r y ' s C a t h e d r a l , C h a n g a n a anacherry w a s b r o u g h t by launch c h e r r y , a distance of 12 miles. to C h a n g a n a c h e r r y to be i n t e r r e d j T h e procassion w a s m a d e up of in t h e C a t h e d r a l . A line of b o a t s , | 100 launches and motor-boats, 25 five miles long, m a d e up t h e fune- g i g a n t i c " s n a k e b o a t s " — a t y p e of local gondola propelled by 100 o a r s ral cortege. a n d i n n u m e r a b l e kalivalloms and Bishop T h o m a s K u r i a l a c h e r r y , s m a l l e r craft. F r o m t h e landing Syro-Malabar Bishop of C h a n g a - s t a g e to t h e C a t h e d r a l t h e coffin nacherry, died in R o m e in 1925 w a s b o r n e under a w h i t e canopy while m a k i n g his a d limina visit. erected by t h e people and profuseHe w a s b u r i e d in t h e m o r t u a r y j ly decorated w i t h native p l a n t s chapel of t h e Sacred C o n g r e g a t i o n and e v e r g r e e n s . of p r o p a g a n d a F i d e a t t h e C a m p o ! T h e A r c h b i s h o p of T r i v a n d r u m Santo in R o m e . T h e Most Rev. ; a n d t h e Bishops of C h a n g a n a c h e r James Kalacherry, the present j r y , K o t t a y a m a n d Tiruvella, a n d Bishop of C h a n g a n a c h e r r y , w h o representatives from the other was in R o m e t h i s y e a r , m a d e a r Catholic dioceses of M a l a b a r w e r e r a n g e m e n t s for t h e t r a n s f e r of ; p r e s e n t w h e n t h e coffin w a s depot h e body of his predecessor t o sited in t h e place p r e p a r e d for it India. in t h e s a n c t u a r y of t h e C a t h e d r a l . T h e coffin w a s b r o u g h t by I t is e s t i m a t e d t h a t a t least s t e a m e r f r o m Italy t o Cochin a n d j 75,000 Catholics w e r e in t h e funefrom t h e r e was conveyed b y j ral procession. Changanacherry launch to C h a m b a k u l a m , t h e b i r t h - I is t h e c e n t r e of Catholic Malabar, place of t h e deceased p r e l a t e , j a n d every i m p o r t a n t religious dewhere it l a y i n s t a t e for f o u r d a y s . m o n s t r a t i o n is c h a r a c t e r i s e d by People c a m e in l a r g e g r o u p s d a y j t h e splendour a n d g r a n d e u r usualand night t o p r a y in t h e chapel | ly associated w i t h ceremonies in where t h e body lay. Rome. r

T H E 'MISSION O F B L O O D ' B E C O M E S A 'MISSION O F WATER/

MUSSULMAN CONVERT OF MOROCCO ORDAINED. P a r i s . — A M u s s u l m a n convert, Mohammed B e n ad E l Jalil, a n a tive of Fez, in Morocco, h a s j u s t received a t Lille, a t t h e h a n d s of Cardinal L i e n a r t , h i s ordination a s a priest. H e c a m e t o P a r i s t o celebrate h i s first M a s s a t the P e t i t S e m i n a r y of t h e F r a n c i s c a n F a t h e r s of F o n t e n a y - s o u s - B o i s . M o h a m m e d Ben a d El Jalil, w h o will h e n c e f o r t h be k n o w n a s F a t h e r Jean, c a m e t o k n o w C h r i s t in Morocco t h r o u g h t h e t e s t i m o n y t o Him given in t h a t c o u n t r y by t h e Franciscan Missionaries, a n d ho has come t o F r a n c e t o e n t e r t h e i r ranks. T h e Bishop of Morocco came all the way a c r o s s t h e M e d i t e r r a n e a n to assist a t t h e ceremoniesAt a d i n n e r given h e r e following the observances, t h e new p r i e s t recalled t h a t M a r s h a l L y a u t e y h a d encouraged h i m to become a convert. (N.C.W.C.) MEDICAL

MISSION BOARD'S AID. Large World Map A s Guide. New Y o r k . — A n u n u s u a l decoration is b e i n g p u t on t h e wall of a large hall a t t h e h e a d q u a r t e r s of the Catholic Medical Mission Board in t h e f o r r ^ o f a h u g e m a p of t h e world according to M e r c a t o r ' s p r o jection. To begin w i t h , a b o u t 1,000 s t a r s will be placed a t d e s i g n a t e d points representing t h e mission s t a t i o n s hitherto s e r v e d by t h e Board. A s further c o n s i g n m e n t s of medical supplies go o u t t o t h e s e and o t h e r mission s t a t i o n s m o r e s t a r s will b e added. The m a p is designed to be a graphic lesson in mission g e o g r a phy and h a s t h e a d v a n t a g e of showing r e l a t i v e d i s t a n c e s a n d correct proportions. •areas i (Lumen-N.C.W.C.) n

Ichang, (Hupeh Province, China)—After several d a y s of continuous downpour t h e district a b o u t Itu, H u p e h Province, a t t h e I confluence of t h e Y a n g t s z e and j T s i n k i a n g Rivers, w a s covered by a swirling m a s s of d i r t y w a t e r r e a c h i n g a depth which s u r p a s s e d all previous records. Itu is in t h e s o u t h e r n p a r t of t h e V i c a r i a t e of | I c h a n g which is often r e f e r r e d to a s t h e "Mission of Blood" owing I t o t h e l a r g e n u m b e r of its mission| a r i e s killed by o u t l a w s . I t h a s | now become literally a "Mission of ! Water." Bishop Noel Gubbels, Belgian j j F r a n c i s c a n , head of t h e V i c a r i a t e | of I c h a n g , who w a s in t h e district when t h e s t o r m broke, describes | t h e disaster. " F r o m J u l y 3 to 7 t o r r e n t i a l r a i n s fell almost w i t h o u t I i n t e r r u p t i o n c a u s i n g both r i v e r s to j b u r s t t h e i r b a n k s . E n t i r e villages j j w e r e c a u g h t u n a w a r e and isolated j by t h e floods. Terrified people j | lied to t h e housetops or took r e - • j fuge in t h e h i g h e r b r a n c h e s of j I t r e e s . Houses collapsed and were ! c a r r i e d swiftly d o w n s t r e a m . The I people were so dazed by t h e cala! m i t y t h a t no-one seemed to t h i n k i of r e n d e r i n g a s s i s t a n c e to t h e m o r e u n f o r t u n a t e . T h o u g h all h e a r t s i w e r e filled with pity, t h e y were ; I paralyzed into i n a c t i o n . " T h e Bishop formed a flood-relief ; c o m m i t t e e and w a s immediately seconded by t h e local C o m m a n d a n t and t h e Civil M a g i s t r a t e . People w e r e rescued f r o m t r e e t o p s and from t h e roofs of buildings which h a d withstood t h e onrush of w a t e r . T h e y were housed in t h e various school buildings a n d t h e sick were cared for by one of t h e missionaries w h o had medical experience. U n f o r t u n a t e l y , h u n d r e d s of per-

14th September, 1935-

THE BELLS OF ASSISI. (From

"THE

T h e musical tolling of S t . F r a n cis' bells a t d a y b r e a k a n d s u n s e t d u r i n g t h e week of S e p t e m b e r , sounds like a farewell t o s u m m e r h e r a l d i n g t h e a d v e n t of a u t u m n • which s p r e a d s over t h e c o u n t r y ' side of Assisi, characteristically coloured w i t h t h e silver of t h e I olive t r e e s a n d t h e saffron of t h e vine leaves. T h e m e m o r y of t h e S a i n t is forcibly recalled a t t h e approach of a u t u m n over all t h e hills of U m b r i a a n d m o r e so over t h o s e around | t h e t o w n of Assisi w h e r e t h e larks, so d e a r t o t h e Champion of Poverty, are heard singing throughout ' t h e s h o r t e n e d d a y s . T h e tolling i of t h e e v e n i n g bells c o n t r a s t s w i t h | t h e sound of m o t o r c a r s climbing ! up t h e hills leading to t h e town. ; L o n g lines of f r i a r s h u r r y t h r o u g h its medieval s t r e e t s , w h i c h a r e alr e a d y crowded w i t h t o u r i s t s from e v e r y c o u n t r y strolling w i t h guide| books in t h e i r h a n d s . T h e l i g h t of t h e w a n i n g day, p r e l u d i n g d u s k | a n d d a r k n e s s , lingers long-"on t h e l a s t blood-red g e r a n i u m s a d o r n i n g j t h e w i n d o w s of almost e v e r y house. ! A s s i s i celebrates t h e f e a s t of its j g r e a t s a i n t on t h e 4 t h October. On I r e a c h i n g t h e luminous arcaded ! s q u a r e , one crosses t h e graceful | portico b y Baccio Pontelli and enj t e r s t h e basilica. T h e ogival v a u l t i n g is lost in mystic a n d deep s h a d o w a n d t h e m y s t e r i o u s feeling of devotion is m o r e impressive i t h a n usual, probably o w i n g to t h e a p p r o a c h i n g solemnities of t h e F r a n c i s c a n October. T h e low a n d slow c h a n t i n g of t h e f r i a r s , seated in t h e choirstalls carved by t h e M a s t e r of R i p a t r a n s o n e , is wafted up from t h e c r y p t , w h e r e t h e r e m a i n s of St. F r a n c i s a r e buried, a n d echoes f a i n t l y in t h e middle c h u r c h w h e r e t h e golden allegories p a i n t e d b y j G i o t t o a n d his pupils a r e only dimly seen. T h e feast of S t . F r a n c i s

SCRIP" j | | | |

j | • I j |

! j I ! ;

:

;

London).

is celebrated on 4 t h October. T h e c h u r c h is t h e n adorned with t h e gorgeous d e c o r a t i o n s of inestimable a r t i s t i c and historical value. T h e valets of t h e Commune, in medieval c o s t u m e s and w i t h silver t r u m p e t s , s u r r o u n d t h e high a l t a r which almost a s s u m e s t h e s a m e a s pect r e p r e s e n t e d in t h e frescoes covering t h e vaulted ceiling a n d walls. T h e deep devotion of t h e crowded congregation is changed into feeling of exaltation when t h e luminous u p p e r basilica is visited w i t h its blue ceiling glittering w i t h s t a r s and i t s frescoed walls t h a t r e n d e r it a marvellous m o n u m e n t of a r t and glory. F r o m t h e dazzling splendour of t h e church one sees t h e silent sunlit s q u a r e outside and h e a r s t h e joyous pealing of bells from t h e high tower. T h e wide road from t h e c h u r c h leads up t h e main s q u a r e of t h e town w h e r e a cosmopolitan crowd is g a t h e r e d . B u t even h e r e t h e g r e a t Saint is r e m e m b e r e d because from t h e medieval t o w e r erected n e a r the graceful ancient T e m p l e of Minerva, t h e 'Angelus," i n s t i t u t e d by St. F r a n c i s is r u n g a t d a y b r e a k a n d s u n s e t , while e v e r y s t r e e t o p e n i n g from it r e t a i n s unc h a n c e d its medieval aspect w i t h p r e y houses relieved by t h e b r i g h t flowers in t h e i r windows and t h e high Castle d o m i n a t i n g t h e background, recalls t h e warlike h i s t o r y of t h e t o w n now hallowed b y t h e best loved S a i n t in t h e world. sons clinging to t r e e s and housetops w e r e forced by fatigue or unconsciousness t o relinquish t h e i r hold and fall into t h e w a t e r before t h e y codld be rescued. The crops a r e u n d e r several feet of w a t e r , in m a n y districts t h e h a r v e s t is a t o t a l loss; and t h e outlook for t h e w i n t e r is not b r i g h t . (Fides.)

E Ft G E

!

(Continued

at foot of CoL 4)

Wartn Studios-

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8

Woman's

Page I 'Every child

BLAMING THE PARENTS. O

Their Many Mistakes. Most l e c t u r e r s love t o a r o u s e controversy by denouncing some old belief. The time-honoured tradition t h a t c h i l d r e n owe a d e b t of g r a t i t u d e t o t h e i r p a r e n t s finds a n opp o n e n t in D r . R. L e e Miller. S p e a k i n g t o a g r o u p of m e m b e r s of t h e A m e r i c a n A s s o c i a t i o n , h e said i t could n o t b e told u n t i l t h e child w a s g r o w n a n d a t t e m p t i n g t o m a k e h i s own w a y in t h e w o r l d w h e t h e r h e owed h i s p a r e n t s s u c h a debt. D r . Miller spoke o n " P a r e n t a l B e h a v i o u r W h i c h H a n d i c a p s Children." " T h e child," s a i d D r . Miller, "does n o t e v e n owe t h e p a r e n t love unless t h e p a r e n t is l o v a b l e . " T h e p a r e n t s , h o w e v e r , o w e t h e child everything. "Not t h e things t h a t money can b u y , " h e explained, " n o r m o n e y left a t d e a t h , b u t a n e m o t i o n a l stability t h a t will equip h i m t o really l i v e . " "Most b a d r e a r i n g , " believes D r . Miller, " i s unconscious o n t h e p a r e n t s ' p a r t , a n d is d u e t o t h e i r own childhood r e p r e s s i o n s a n d t h e i r m i s i n t e r p r e t a t i o n s of childhood experiences, w i t h o u t p a r e n t s themselves, to help t h e m out." Mother Gets Blame. "I think the mother gets most of t h e b l a m e for b a d r e a r i n g , " h e said, " s i n c e s h e is m o r e d i r e c t l y in c o n t a c t w i t h t h e child d u r i n g t h e important years. Indirectly, t h e f a t h e r is j u s t a s m u c h t o b l a m e . A good h u s b a n d h a s a l o t t o d o w i t h m a k i n g a good m o t h e r . "One of t h e g r e a t e s t m i s t a k e s p a r e n t s m a k e , especially these d a y s , " h e continued, " i s a n o v e r i n t e n t d e s i r e t o m a k e good a t r e a r i n g ;their children, t h e r e s u l t of f e a r t h a t t h e y will fail. I would m u c h r a t h e r see a child c o m p l e t e ly neglected t h a n o v e r - a t t e n d e d . " O v e r - p a r e n t a l love a n d p a r e n t a l selfishness is s o m e t i m e s m i s t a k e n for love, m a y i n h i b i t t h e n a t u r a l p r o g r e s s of love life of t h e child t o a g r e a t e r o r less e x t e n t . " T h e r e a r e f o u r s t a g e s of love life," explained D r . Miller, " a n d normally t h e child p r o g r e s s e s n a turally from one t o t h e other. " T h e first s t a g e is m o t h e r - l o v e . S h e is t h e first one t h e child loves a n d all t h e c o m f o r t h e k n o w s comes f r o m h e r . T h e second is t h e love of t h e child f o r himself a n d h i s o w n body. " T h i r d is t h e i n t e r e s t in t h e s t a g e of 'girl c r u s h e s ' a n d boy ' p a l s / T h e f o u r t h is t h e love of m a l e for f e m a l e . " First Know Normal Conduct. " T h e m o s t i m p o r t a n t t h i n g in rearing children," declared Dr. Miller, " i s t h a t t h e p a r e n t s u n d e r s t a n d w h a t is n o r m a l c o n d u c t in each of t h e four s t a g e s . " T h e most desirable t h i n g parents can have," h e added, "is t h e r e s p e c t of t h e i r child, a n d t h e y w o n ' t g e t it u n l e s s t h e y a r e ent i t l e d t o it. T h e child is m u c h smarter, many times, t h a n the parents because he h a s not yet beg u n t o conform t o social l a w s . " T u r n i n g to t h e e m o t i o n a l devel o p m e n t of c h i l d r e n , D r . Miller s a i d — " L i f e is s i m p l y a b a t t l e b e -

t w e e n t h e o r g a n i s m and i t s environment, and t h a t environment changes momentarily. Hence the o r g a n i s m m u s t be in a c o n s t a n t s t a t e of a d j u s t m e n t . " A child developes in t h r e e ways—mentally, physically and emotionally. R u l e s can b e laid down for m e n t a l a n d physical d e velopment. E a c h child i s s o m e w h a t a law u n t o himself. H e a l t h , c e r t a i n l y , is v e r y desirable, b u t a powerful body c a n h a v e b e h i n d it v e r y pathological e m o t i o n s . The world is full of people w h o a r e a d u l t s in m i n d a n d b o d y , b u t a r e children emotionally.

ST. F R A N C I S B E F O R E CRIB.

THE

St. Francis gazed As But And And For St.

on the Christ Child's brow yet no thorns were there, he knew they were waiting sharp and long he vowed the thorns to share Pride of Life went from his mind Lowliness came there. Francis

looked

the Christ Child's hands As yet so white and fair But he knew that the nails awaited them And he vowed the nails to share And Worldliness went from his soul For Solitude came there. St. Francis gazed

on

on the

Christ Child's feet So small for Calvary's stair But he saw the Way of Sorrows marked And he vowed the Way to share And Vanity went from his life For Suffering came there. St. Francis looked on the The But And And For

Christ Child's heart wound was not yet there he knew that the lance in readiness stood he vowed the wound to share All of Self went from his heart Christ came there!

Miss M. McDonnell* BothwelL C a r b o n Copies Not Wanted. " T h e h u m a n being emotionally equipped t o a d j u s t himself r a p i d ly will b e t h e h a p p y individual. E a c h child h a s s o m e t h i n g in comm o n w i t h t h e species, t h a t m a k e s of h i m a h u m a n being. H e h a s s o m e t h i n g in c o m m o n w i t h t h e f a m i l y h e c a m e from, t h a t identifies h i m w i t h t h a t f a m i l y . T h e n he has traits and characteristics in c o m m o n w i t h n o t h i n g a n d n o body, t h a t m a k e of h i m a n individual. " T h e s e l a s t t r a i t s , " said D r . Miller, " a r e t h e ones t h a t m u s t be h a n d l e d carefully. It is t h e s e t r a i t s t h a t p a r e n t s t r y t o c h a n g e in o r d e r t o selfishly a n d egotistically m a k e of t h e child a carbon copy of t h e m selves. D r . Miller concluded w i t h a quot a t i o n from Ellen Key, " A m o t h e r w h o d e v o t e s all h e r t i m e t o h e r children is seldom a good companion t o t h o s e c h i l d r e n . "

needs milk every day"

"MILKMAID" MILK HOUSEHOLD HINTS.

RECIPES.

H O W TO CLEAN.

RICE MOULD A N D STEWED FRUIT. W a s h three ounces of rice, put it into a pan with half-pint of water and a salt, let it simmer until the water is soaked u p ; add half a pint of milk and t h r e e ounces of sugar, and simmer until the milk is soaked up also; turn into a wet mould. When cold turn out, and p u t t h e stewed fruit round. SNOW BALL ( F O R CHILDREN). Pick the husks, & c , from six ounces of rice, put it in water, and rub it between the hands; then pour the water off, put more in, stir it about and let the rice settle, and then drain the water off. P u t the rice in a two-quart stewpan with a q u a r t of w a t e r or milk, cover the pan, and let it boil gently for one hour, stirring frequently, until the w a t e r or milk is all absorbed. Dip some teacups into cold water, fill them with the boiled rice, and press it to their shape; then t u r n out on a dish, and serve with b u t t e r and sugar. PAN CAKES. Mix eight ounces of our with one egg and a little salt, add a pint of milk gradually, beat well. F r y in hot f a t Take up, sprinkle with sugar and lemonjuice, and roll u p . MINCE MEAT. Mix together half-pound currants (cleaned), half-pound raisins (stoned and minced), one and a half pound apples (minced), half-pound sugar, quarter pound suet (finely chopped), puarterpound candied peel (finely chopped), one teasnoonful mixed spices, half a teaspoonful of salt, and the rind and juice of one lemon. Pack closely down in a stone jar. S W E E T SAUCE. Place in a pan one teaspoonful of flour, one tablespoonful of sugar, half an ounce of butter, a pinch of salt, and half pint of cold water. Stir well until it boils. Boil for three minutes.

S i n k . — I t is m o s t i m p o r t a n t t h a t t h e k i t c h e n sink should be k e p t perfectly clean. T h i s is helped b y k e e p i n g in it a w i r e s i n k b a s k e t which p r e v e n t s solid m a t e r i a l f r o m choking u p t h e pipes. Clean w i t h soda and boiling w a t e r , a n d if v e r y g r e a s y , r u b o v e r w i t h a n old cloth dipped in paraffin. T h i s dissolves t h e g r e a s e quickly, b u t t h e sink m u s t be well flushed a n d r i n s e d a f t e r w a r d s t o p r e v e n t a n y smell of oil r e m a i n i n g . S p o n g e s should b e steeped overn i g h t in b u t t e r m i l k or v i n e g a r a n d w a t e r , a n d t h e n b e boiled in salt w a t e r . T h i s will give t h e m a good colour a n d will r e m o v e all s o a p y slime. Steel c a n b e cleaned w i t h e m e r y p a p e r o r w i t h a p a s t e m a d e of powdered b a t h b r i c k a n d linseed oil, m e t h y l a t e d s p i r i t s , o r paraffin oil. If steel is n o t to b e used for s o m e t i m e , cover it w i t h g r e a s e or vaseline so t h a t it will not r u s t . T i n s . — P u t into a l a r g e p o t of w a t e r w i t h soda a n d boil for half a n h o u r . T h e n d r y well and clean w i t h w h i t i n g or b a t h b r i c k a n d w a t e r a n d polish w i t h a soft cloth. T i l e s . — S t a i n s can b e easily r e moved from glazed tiles by r u b b i n g w i t h a c u t lemon. V a r n i s h e d Wood is b e s t cleaned by r u b b i n g w i t h a cloth on which is a few d r o p s of a m i x t u r e of equal p a r t s of v i n e g a r and w a t e r . Polish d r y w i t h a soft leather. Wallpaper.—Dust well down | w i t h clean d u s t e r s tied over a soft I broom, a n d t h e n r e m o v e s t a i n s b y \ r u b b i n g g e n t l y w i t h pieces of | clean s t a l e b r e a d . Grease s p o t s I can be removed by covering w i t h i a piece of b l o t t i n g p a p e r and layi i n g a w a r m iron over t h a t . W i n d o w s . — T o clean windows I first d u s t well and t h e n w a s h over ! w i t h a piece of c h a m o i s dipped in j w a t e r . Polish off w i t h a soft d r y i cloth o r w i t h t i s s u e paper. If ; t h e y h a v e g o t v e r y dirty, clean I w i t h w h i t i n g and w a t e r and polish I with chamois. NO CHANCE O F IT. The opinionative youne: man who had I stayed r a t h e r late playing bridere a t a | house w a s ^iven a lift to the station in ! his host's car. " I hope," he said to the chauffeur, "th»t I won't miss the last train." "You won't, sir." replied the driver, significantly. "The boss told me he'd give me the sack if T brought vou back " NOT I N T I J E S T E D . Mrs. Smith was rWnicularlv fond of • reminding h e r husband t h a t the silver j was hers, the piano was hers, and the | f n r r i t u r e was hers. Smith was s e t t i n g tired of her continual claims.

In the middle of the night Mrs. Smith was awakened b y noises downstairs. She shook her husband. " H e n r y , " she said, in a hoarse whisper, "Henry, get u p ! There are burglars downstairs." Burglars," echoed Smith, wearily, but not making the least effort to get out of bed. "Well, let 'em burgle. There's nothing of mine down there." ITS BRIGHT SIDE. An insurance agent called a t a farmhouse and said to the woman who answered his knock: " I g a t h e r t h a t in this p a r t of the country you have many people who suffer from a g u e ? " " Y e s ; t h a t is so," was the renlv. " I t must be a g r e a t drawback, for such an affliction generally unfits a man for work entirely," continued *he agent. "Yes, generally it does," said the woman. "Still there are cases where it has its bright side." "Whv, how's t h a t ? " was the auery. "Well, you see, when my man Pat has a hard fit of the shakes we fasten the butter chum to him and he works up the b u t t e r inside fifteen minutes." * * * * * * A veterau soldier went into a public library and told the attendant: "I want an encyclopedia." Attendant: "Wh^'ch encyclopedia and v.hat volume, S i r ? " Soldier; I don't knaw. You see. i t s HWJ this. I've nromis ed to address a liferarv society on 'Current Events* and I'd r a t h e r like to read up the subject brfore hand."


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MALAYA

CATHOLIC L E A D E R ,

SATURDAY,

14th September, 1935.

THE ANTI-GOD FRONT OF BOLSHEVISM PERSECUTION OF CHRISTIANS IN CHINA. R U M O U R S B A S E D ON SUPERSTITION. Siwantze, (Chahar, Mongolia). — T h e r u m o u r of a n a p p r o a c h i n g persecution of t h e C h r i s t i a n s in China h a s caused a w a v e of indifference a m o n g t h e people of C h a h a r who till r e c e n t l y seemed anxious t o become C h r i s t i a n s . The rumour is based on a s u p e r s t i t i o u s fear t h a t since t h e B o x e r uprising of 1900 occurred in t h e 2 6 t h year of E m p e r o r K u a n g H s u ' s reign, so also n e x t y e a r , w h i c h will be t h e -26th of t h e Chinese Republic, is t h e time fixed by f a t e for a fresh outbreak a g a i n s t C h r i s t i a n s . A new sect of f a n a t i c s is said to be g a i n i n g n u m b e r s . T h e m e m b e r s go t h r o u g h s e c r e t m a g i c r i t e s to render t h e m s e l v e s invulnerable in time of b a t t l e , a s t h e B o x e r s were said t o h a v e done in 1900. W i t h so m a n y r u m o u r s a b r o a d a n d so much u n c e r t a i n t y in t h e air, t h e people, t h e w o m e n especially, a r e afraid t o g o a n y g r e a t distance from t h e i r h o m e s a n d h e n c e keep away from t h e c a t e c h u m e n a t e s , places w h e r e t h e people c o n g r e g a t e to s t u d y C h r i s t i a n doctrine. Many n o n - C h r i s t i a n s of t h e region c a m e t o k n o w about t h e -Church d u r i n g t h e troubled times of recent y e a r s , a n d l a r g e n u m b e r s of t h e m asked t o be i n s t r u c t e d in t h e Catholic religion. T h i s unexpected t u r n of e v e n t s , therefore, h a s been a k e e n d i s a p p o i n t m e n t for t h e m i s s i o n a r i e s . T h e y expected to h a v e s e v e r a l t h o u s a n d conv e r t s t h i s y e a r , b u t only 600 were ready for B a p t i s m . { F i d e s ) . NUMEROUS CONVERSIONS AMONG T H E T R I B E S O F EASTERN BURMA. Kengtung, (Burma).—L a r g e numbers of A n i m i s t s a n d Buddhists in t h e e a s t e r n section of Burma, n e a r t h e b o r d e r s of China and Indo-China, a r e b e i n g received into t h e C h u r c h b y t h e p r i e s t s of t h e Foreign Missions of Milan working in t h e P r e f e c t u r e Apostolic of K e n g t u n g . D u r i n g t h e past 12 m o n t h s a p p r o x i m a t e l y 500 adult Shans of t h e M o n g J o n g district and 160 families of t h e W a , Musho, Lahusci and L a t r i b e s w e r e converted by t h e m i s s i o n a r i e s . The Shans, t h e d o m i n a t i n g race of K e n g t u n g , dwell in t h e lowlands and a r e practically all B u d d h i s t s . T h e hill t r i b e s a r e m o s t l y animists. Very little in t h e w a y of evangelization h a s been done in t h e s t a t e of Marlun, t h e n o r t h e r n p a r t of t h e mission. The people a r e still in great p a r t s a v a g e , a n d cases of human sacrifice a r e still reported. The Government, f e a r i n g t h a t t h e presence of f o r e i g n e r s m i g h t provoke an uprising, is l o a t h e t o permit any serious a t t e m p t a t missionary work in t h a t region. In K e n g t u n g , on t h e o t h e r hand, the missionaries h a v e 11 stations ^ i t h chapels, schools, dispensaries, A c They also h a v e a hospital and & leper asylum. Twelve priests. 15 sisters, one b r o t h e r a n d 92 catechists, or n a t i v e t e a c h e r s , «taff t h e missions and h a v e built uo a community of 3,000 Catholics. (Fides).

WAR ON GOD «> CHRISTIAN IDEALS. BY

REV. [From

FR.

A. GOODMAN

Catholic

J T h e a c t s of C o m m u n i s t s t o w a r d s j religion a g a i n s t which almost | worldwide c u r r e n t p r o t e s t pre\ vailed early in 1930 normally e x p r e s s e d t h e doctrinal nature a n d p r o g r a m m e of Communism, j "Religion and C o m m u n i s m a r e in| compatible b o t h theoretically and | practically." (A.B.C., of Communi i s m ) . T h e s a m e a u t h o r i t y , which j is used by C o m m u n i s t s for worldwide i n s t r u c t i o n in t h e principles | of C o m m u n i s m , s t a t e s definitely | " t h a t m a n y week-kneed Communists, reason a s follows: 'religion does n o t p r e v e n t me from being a | C o m m u n i s t . I believe in God and : in C o m m u n i s m . My f a i t h in God | does not h i n d e r me from fighting I for t h e cause of t h e p r o l e t a r i a t / T h i s t r a i n of t h o u g h t is radically \ false." (Quoted from Colton I X.Y.Z. of Communism, p a g e 2 7 3 ) . I S l a u g h t e r of Bishops a n d P r i e s t s . T h e a t t a c k on religion b e g a n w i t h a violent and bloody persecution. Between 1918 ,and 1920 twenty-six bishops arid 6,775 p r i e s t s of t h e O r t h o d o x C h u r c h were put to death. The Archbishop of P e r m w a s b u r i e d alive, a f t e r h a v i n g h i s eyes p u t out and h i s face b r u t a l l y slashed. The A r c h b i s h o p of Tobolsk, a f t e r suffering two months of penal servitude, was thrown into a dam a n d drowned. T h e B i s h o p of Belgarod w a s t h r o w n i n t o quicklime. T h e Bishop of Y o u r i e w h a d h i s nose and e a r s c u t off, w a s r e p e a t e d l y s t a b b e d w i t h a bayonet, a n d finally cut t o pieces. The A r c h b i s h o p of V a r o n e j e w a s h a n g ed before t h e a l t a r of t h e C h u r c h of t h e M o n a s t e r y of S t . Mitrofan. I n t h e G o v e r n m e n t of Cherson t h r e e p r i e s t s were crucified. At T c h e r d i n , in t h e cold of t h e Russian w i n t e r , a p r i e s t was s t r i p p e d naked a n d t h e n sprinkled w i t h w a t e r until h e b e c a m e a pillar of ice. Impossible, some will s a y ! exaggerated, the Communists will d e c l a r e ! B u t t h e w a r proceeds, and C o m m u n i s t s t h e world over a r e pledged t o w a g e a relentless fight a g a i n s t C h r i s t i a n i t y a n d all t h e ideals for which it s t a n d s . T h e r e is available evidence, and a multit u d e of witnesses from Communi s t s and t h e i r w r i t i n g s by which we can t e s t t h e t r u t h of t h i s s t a t e m e n t . It is a basic doctrine of C o m m u n i s m t h a t religion m u s t be destroyed. T h e leaders of C o m m u n i s m m a k e t h i s quite clear. Lenin's Anti-God C a m p a i g n . Lenin in 1909 w r o t e : "To d r a w a h a r d and f a s t line between t h e theoretical propagation of Atheism between b r e a k i n g down t h e religious beliefs of certain sections of t h e p r o l e t a r i a t and t h e effect, t h e development, t h e general implications of t h e class-struggle of these sections, is to reason non-dialectically; t o t r a n s f o r m a variable, relative b o u n d a r y into a n absolute ore. "Religion is one of t h e forms of spiritual oppression which everyw h e r e weigh upon t h e m a s s e s . " " E v e r y kind of religious organisation is an i n s t r u m e n t of t h a t

Leader,

MS.C.

Brisbane.^

bourgeois reaction whose aim is to defend t h e exploitation of t h e workers." " T h e fight a g a i n s t r e l i g i o n . . . m u s t be linked up with t h e p r a c t i cal concrete class-movement." " T h e M a r x i s t m u s t fight a g a i n s t religion not by a b s t r a c t p r o p a g a n d a b u t concretely on t h e b a s i s of t h e class-struggle actually proceeding." " I t is essential t o give t h e m a s s e s t h e g r e a t e s t v a r i e t y of atheist propaganda material... e v e r y w a y of approach t o t h e m m u s t be tried in o r d e r t o i n t e r e s t t h e m , t o rouse t h e m f r o m t h e i r religious slumber, t o s h a k e t h e m up b y t h e most varied m e a n s . " "All religious ideas a r e a n unspeakable abomination." "Religion is opium t o d r u g and s t u p e f y t h e people into submission t o t h e capitalist. Religion m u s t b e destroyed with the capitalist." "Religion is t h e opium of t h e people." (Lenin on Religion, vol. vii of t h e Little L e n i n L i b r a r y , 1932). T h u s speaks L e n i n , t h e h i g h p r i e s t of C o m m u n i s m a n d t h e god of t h e godless. T h e Minister for E d u c a t i o n . L u n a c h a r s k y , C o m m i s s a r of P u b lic I n s t r u c t i o n , wrote t o t h e a t h e i s t p o p u l a r j o u r n a l 'Bezbojnik' ( T h e Godless O n e ) : " W i t h all m y h e a r t I wish t h e Bazbojnik e v e r y success in its w a r f a r e a g a i n s t t h e revolting s p e c t r e of God, who t h r o u g h o u t t h e whole of history h a s caused such diabolic evil to m a n k i n d . " " W e m u s t know how t o h a t e , for only a t t h i s price can w e conquer t h e u n i v e r s e . . . t h e anti-religious c a m p a i g n m u s t not be r e s t r i c t e d to R u s s i a ; it should be carried on t h r o u g h o u t t h e world." " W e m u s t s m i t e all g o d s , a t t a c k all c h u r c h e s , destroy all f o r m s of religious w o r s h i p . " "We hate Christianity and Christ i a n s ; even t h e best of t h e m m u s t b e looked upon a s o u r w o r s t enemies. T h e y preach t h e love of our n e i g h b o u r and mercy, which is c o n t r a r y to our principles. Christ i a n love is an obstacle t o t h e development of t h e revolution. Down with t h e love of our neighb o u r s ; w h a t we w a n t is h a t r e d . W e m u s t learn how to h a t e , a n d it is only then t h a t we shall conquer t h e world." ( L u n a c h a r s k y , Comm i s s a r for Education, from 1917 to 1929). Zinoviev: "We will g r a p p l e with God in due season. W e shall vanquish Him in His h i g h e s t heaven, and wherever He seeks refuge, we shall subdue Him for e v e r . " League of The Godless. Yaroslavsky, who was t h e leader of t h e godless and president of t h e " L e a g u e of t h e Godless in h i s book. "Religion in t h e U.S.S.R." published in 1932, s t a t e s : ' T o Communists, religion is a t t h e best a delusion; a t t h e w o r s t a vice or even a disease." "Proletarian freethinking, as cultivated by t h e ' L e a g u e of t h e Godless, is essentially p a r t and parcel of t h e militant w o r k e r s ' class struggle, basically political and revolutionary from t h e s t a r t . "

' T h e conception of t h e world from t h e religious s t a n d p o i n t is incorrect, it is a mutilated u n d e r s t a n d i n g of t h e world and of t h e m u t u a l relationship of m e n . A person c a n n o t act correctly, c a n n o t act in a n organised m a n n e r as a Communist, as a Leninist, if his b r a i n is poisoned by r e l i g i o n . . . W e m u s t convince t h e m a s s e s t h a t Communism and religion c a n n o t go j t o g e t h e r . . . I t is impossible t o be a C o m m u n i s t and a t t h e s a m e t i m e t o go to C h u r c h . " " E v e r y Communist, every classconscious w o r k e r and p e a s a n t m u s t be able to explain w h y a C o m m u n i s t cannot s u p p o r t religion; w h y Communists fight against religion. C h u r c h e s a r e centres of counterrevolutionary p r o p a g a n d a . " Christianity and Bolshevism Cannot Mix. I t is perfectly clear from t h e above s t a t e m e n t s of Lenin, L u n a charsky, £inoviev, and Yaroj slavsky, f o u r of t h e g r e a t e s t leaders j of Bolshevism, t h a t C h r i s t i a n i t y a n d C o m m u n i s m a r e irreconciliable, a n d t h a t C o m m u n i s m is inevitably a universal and anti-God t h e o r y t o b e imposed by force. I t h a s been p u t f o r w a r d n o t inj frequently by A u s t r a l i a n C o m m u n j ists t h a t C o m m u n i s m is compatible with religion. These apologists | for a mild form of C o m m u n i s m ; s t a t e t h a t religion is a p r i v a t e ! affair, a m a t t e r of t h e h e a r t , a I direction a n d orientation of life \ towards a supermundane power; ! w h e r e a s Communism deals with : land, factories, food and w a g e s ; I t h e y t h u s occupy distinct s p h e r e s and contact or conflict between !

FAR EASTERN MUSIC SCHOOL l - A , Kirk T e r n w ^ (Off Dhoby G h a u t ) SINGAPORE. T h e only and oldest i n s t i t u tion of its kind in S i n g a p o r e with up-to-date equipment. H a d gained a series of successes in t h e T r i n i t y College E x a m i n a tions in t h e p a s t . No a g e r e s triction. W r i t e for p a r t i c u l a r s . M. A N C I A N O , ^Principal. t h e m is impossible. T h e y a d m i t t h a t in Russia Bolshevism h a s t a k e n on an anti-religious b i a s a n d t h a t it is intimately associated with a t h e i s m and a t h e i s t s , b u t t h e y wish to a s s u r e us t h a t t h i s close connection is a mere local historic accident; it does not flow from t h e essential basis of C o m m u n i s m ; in o t h e r countries it m i g h t well be t h a t Communism would be friendly t o and even embrace in its fold sincerely religious people. They a t g u e , f u r t h e r , t h a t in t h e p a s t it often happened t h a t religion w a s bound u p with a monarchical s t a t e , t h e a l t a r r e s t e d on t h e t h r o n e , and republicans who were in rebellion, e i t h e r active or latent, a g a i n s t t h e form of g o v e r n m e n t w e r e accused of being a g a i n s t religion—and t h i s accusation would be s t r e n g t h e n e d into a conviction a m o n g s t i g n o r a n t i)eople if m o s t of t h e republican leaders w e r e irreligious men. B u t w e k n o w t h i s is false reasoning, and a powerful deceit of t h e devil. M a n y a r e received by t h i s clever sophistry.


MALAYA

CATHOLIC L E A D E R ,

SATURDAY,

14th S e p t e m b e r , 1 9 3 ^

ple, and no one is capable of | forming positive standards by which we may judge and estimate 12 Months ... $6.00 the problems facing us. Confin6 Months . . . $3.00 ing our arguments and instances P t t l F S T S AND POLITICS—THE PRINCIPLES OF CATHOLIC to Christendom alone, there is 3 Months ... $1.50 ACTION-DISTRESSING CONDITIONS OF admittedly some let or snag in the UNEMPLOYMENT VICTIMS. All correspondence and literary Protestant view of religion, w o r d s should help t o obviate any contributions should be addressed against a unified, collective, and P r i e s t s and Politics. prejudice or m i s u n d e r s t a n d i n g of to The Managing Editor, Rev. vigorous expression of ChristiaIn discussing w h e t h e r p r i e s t s t h e purpose and function of CathoR. Cardon, 73, Bras Basah Road, nity in which alone lies the m a y h a v e a h a n d in politics or not, lic Action. Catholic action is not hitherto undiscovered panacea for it is best to define clearly t h e scope to be r e g a r d e d a s a 'Society' or Singapore. _ all our social, political and econo- and significance of politics in t h e 'Association' which is engaged in generally accepted s e n s e . T h e r e is giving effect to a n y subtle designs Tel. 7376, Singapore. mic travails. The sectarian view h o w e v e r one t y p e of politics, in to foster t h e p a r t i c u l a r interests of religion treats it as a private, which t h e clergy m a y not dabble of Catholics a t t h e expense of personal affair. Private judgement w i t h a dignity a s becomes t h e i r o t h e r religionists. It is in fact a Jttalag* CaiJttxlb ^pett&ej: being the ultimate authority, it sacred vocation, a n d t h a t is p a r t i - lay apostolate which is meant to Saturday, 14th September, 1935. ! rejects the idea of a church with san politics. I t would certainly be be a potent adjunct to t h e spiritual injudicious for p r i e s t s to identify and apostolic m i n i s t r y of the a central teaching authority. The themselves w i t h a n y p a r t i c u l a r Clergy u n d e r t h e direction of the result is that, outside the Catho- political p a r t y t o elect candidates O r d i n a r i e s . To q u o t e o u r Catholic T H E HEALING H A N D lic Church, there is no Christian t o office to f u r t h e r a n y definite c o n t e m p o r a r y of Colombo, "Cathoreligious body that can declare legislative or executive p r o g r a m m e . lic Action is as f a r above politics, p a r t from t h i s , t h e C h u r c h h a s understood in t h e popular sense, OF T H E C H U R C H . authoritatively what it believes A a s spirit is above m a t t e r . " In n e v e r precluded t h e t e a c h i n g of and what it requires its ministers t h e principles t h a t underlie ques- s h o r t t h e m o t t o of e v e r y Catholic Glancing back along the tracks to teach. tions of political consequence. Actionist is to 'leave t h e world left by the Great War, one is beb e t t e r t h a n he found it', and this E v e n in t h i s , c e r t a i n limits h a v e a i m s a t universal b r o t h e r h o o d and wildered to find them littered Since there is no infallible been d e m a r c a t e d . T h e clergy m a y with the bones of * dead theories/ teaching authority, the same j not come f o r w a r d a s r e p r e s e n t a - h a r m o n y as t h e C h r i s t i a n ' summ u m b o n u m ' w h e r e i n a vivacious propounded by our modern , hopeless division amongst teachers j t i v e s in t h e direct application of application of O u r L o r d ' s doctrines political doctrines. T h i s m u s t be T thinkers who have been en- appears when moral questions are delegated t o t h e Catholic laymen, a r e implied. gaged for nearly two decades in at stake. Some permit divorce as | t o evolve practical s c h e m e s , w h e r e finding wanton expedients to English law allows it, some en- in C h r i s t i a n social-political views • Aid for t h e Unemployed. off-set the social and economic courage birth-prevention by m a y find expression. Mr. J o h n L a y cock m a k e s the ills of the time. The wasting of artificial means, some advocate * * * * following observation in a letter to untold wealth in the demolishing sterilization of the unfit, some Catholic Action. t h e ' S t r a i t s T i m e s ' of 9 t h Sept.— of both the sources and the pro- desire the legalization of abortion, H . E . Mgr. K i e r k e l s , in a recent " T h e response t o y o u r appeal, for ducts thereof, is of little account, some even propose the killing of a d d r e s s in Ceylon, r e f e r r e d t o t h e t h e R o t a r y Club I n t e r i m Relief when compared with the shat- the incurable or the hopelessly objects and scope of Catholic j F u n d h a s been g r a t i f y i n g . But it which h a v e often been m i s - ! is by no m e a n s sufficient. $1,000 tering of the foundations of belief insane. The absence of definite Action, construed b y non-Catholic commu- j a m o n t h is probably a b o u t a third and morality on which ordered principles in these denominational nities. His Excellency s a i d : "A (at t h e m o s t ) of w h a t is required/' society should normally rest. A bodies makes it difficult to decide c o m m u n i t y lives n o t for itself This r e p o r t certainly sounds very renowned scientist or a sectarian these questions satisfactorily. a l o n e ; its f o r t u n e s a r e bound u p d i s t r e s s i n g to t h e e a r s of all who dignitary who advances plausible Note the modern tendency when w i t h t h e welfare of all communi- really know t h e woeful state of t i e s ; all c o m m u n i t i e s should work h i n g s prevailing a m o n g t h e jobless reasons for refusing to believe in deciding questions of moral im- t o g e t h e r for t h e u l t i m a t e prosper- there. We have h a d painful occathe Old Testament account of portance, or even more when i t y of t h e whole n a t i o n . " These sions t o listen t o t e a r f u l tales from the Creation of man, or of the deciding political, social or econos t a r v i n g , emaciated individuals, who, t o our personal knowledge, Flood, or in the New Testament mic questions. The rule, account of the miracles of Christ, invariably is to leave religion and have" been in keeping with real h a v e t r a m p e d t h e s t r e e t s of Sing a p o r e for m o n t h s o n end to secure or of His Resurrection, has his its teachings out of reckoning Christian principles. But when a a n y odd job to k e e p body and soul deviation from these fixed princijaundiced views splashed with entirely. It is often typical of t o g e t h e r , but w i t h no result. Apart startling headliness in the press. our statesmen when justifying a ples was observed, the Catholic t r o m a class of w a s t e r s and idlers Radicals and revolutionaries who, good treaty or blaming a bad one, Church was the first to voice who h a v e made m e n d i c i t y a means of eking out a n effortless existwithout any warrantable reason, to leave God and His commands aloud Her disapproval of such ence, it m u s t b e a d m i t t e d however un-Christian methods. The pull down stable governments are out of the issue. Our men of t h a t t h e r e are v e r y m a n y deservLabour demagogues of the proheld as saviours of their country. commerce do not submit to the ing cases who h a v e become the Again, the so called * industrial guidance of Christian principles; letariat party in communistic or victims of u n e m p l o y m e n t in these magnates' who destroy coffee, no matter what Christian teach- socialistic countries have foully d a y s . Mr. Laycock f u r t h e r rem a r k s , "So f a r t h e subscribers cotton, wheat, and other neces- ing may say, their cardinal aim accused the Church of being an a p p e a r to be confined to Straitsally of capitalism (in its dissaries of life without any qualms is to buy cheap and sell dear; and born a n d a n u m b e r of European of conscience, just because they to this end they employ men and reputable sense). Perhaps these firms a n d individuals together cannot get the price they desire, machines. Take our educational malicious critics and avowed w i t h some I n d i a n firms and and a very few are described as being endowed systems. They aim at well- enemies of the Church expect Eindividuals urasians. N o n e of t h e big ' rough and ready methods,' best with rare * business acumen/ trained minds and shapely m e r c a n t i l e firms o r institutions physique, but they ignore or even known to them, to be employed, h a v e y e t given a n y a s s i s t a n c e . " It Developments in machinery, oppose the reminder of Christ to convince them in a spectacular \? really disconcerting t o note t h a t triumphs of men's mastery over | t h e big m e r c a n t i l e firms have that the gain of the whole world manner, that Religion is no failed t o realise t h a t it is morally matter, which ought to be blespartisan of unconscionable capiwill not compensate for the loss i n c u m b e n t on t h e m t o contribute sings to the community, are talism. Just as Our Lord declined of a soul. in some m e a s u r e t o t h e relief of allowed instead to throw our in- I to work a miracle to gratify the t h e poor unemployed who were dustrial system out of gear, and j The Political Catholicism ' of idle curiosity of an unbelieving r e t r e n c h e d from t h e i r service owto increase the number of the J which we are wantonly being people, so shall His Apostolic ing to t h e stressful times. We unemployed. Russia in attempt- i accused by the Nazis, is merely a Church refrain from doing things m a k e a n earnest appeal to all comcome forw ard and help ing to deify the machine, has crafty effort to gloss over the merely to satiate the vulgar tmhui sn i twi eosr tto h y cause. A s Mr. Laymade a dual attack on*Christia- blasphemous attempt of Hitler fancies of mistrusting maniacs. cock who is l a b o u r i n g in a very nity and capitalism, but the and his aides to subordinate God The destinies of mankind depend noble cause says, t h e R o t a r y Relief constructive work she has accom- | and the things that are His, to on deciding this pressing question: F u n d is merely t o provide 'breathplished withal is just trifling when j their own pagan monstrosities, j " Are you for God or against i n g space' till it is substituted by a m o r e efficient a n d permanent compared with the colossal des- It must be admitted, however : God?" Once this is answered form of relief. W e feel anxious truction she is guilty of. that the forces of religion in aright, it will soon be realised that to know when t h e Jubilee Fund Europe and America have been the unity of mankind finds suffi- will be made available for the purNow turning to the sphere of pose it is intended. The position doctrine and morals, when once on the side of capitalism (in its \ cient guarantee in the Catholic o b t a i n i n g at t h e m o m e n t is very man has begun to ignore or to set original and well-accepted sense) Church, wherein lies the real and u r g e n t indeed, a n d temporising in> aside the doctrine and principles and on the side of the rulers, so lasting foundation of the com- m a t t e r s oi' exigency will, we tear, be f r a u g h t w i t h m o r e doleful contaught by Christ, there is a com- long as the spirit of capitalism monwealth of all races, as Christ sequences. and the conduct of state affairs j Himself had intended. plete absence of guiding princiR A T E S OF SUBSCRIPTION Sost Free. Local and Aoroad:

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M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , CANADIAN C A T H O L I C W O M E N HOLD CONGRESS. HIGH STATE OFFICIALS ATTEND. Ottawa.—Representing 30,000 Catholic women of Canada, 900 delegates m e t h e r e for t h e 15th annual convention of t h e Catholic Women's L e a g u e of Canada.

14lh September, 1935.

GOSPEL for

FOURTEENTH

SUNDAY

AFTER

PENTECOST.

( M A T T . VI, 24-33). At t h a t time, J e s u s said t o his disciples, N o m a n can s e r v e two m a s t e r s ; for e i t h e r h e will h a t e t h e one a n d love t h e other, o r h e will s u s t a i n t h e one despise t h e o t h e r . You cannot serve God a n d m a m m o n . T h e r e f o r e I s a y t o you, be not solicitous for your life, w h a t you shall eat, nor for y o u r body, w h a t you shall put on. Is not t h e life more t h a n t h e m e a t , and t h e body m o r e t h a n the r a i m e n t ? Behold t h e b i r d s of t h e a i r ; for t h e y n e i t h e r sow, nor do t h e y r e a p , n o r g a t h e r into b a r n s , a n d y o u r heavenly F a t h e r feedeth t h e m . A r e not you of m u c h m o r e value t h e n t h e y ? And which of you, by t a k i n g t h o u g h t , can add to his s t a t u r e one c u b i t ? And for r a i m e n t w h y a r e you solicitous? Consider t h e lilies of t h e field, how t h e y g r o w ; t h e y labour not, n e i t h e r do t h e y s p i n ; b u t I say to you, t h a t not even Solomon in all h i s glory w a s a r r a y e d a s one of t h e s e . Now, if God so clothe t h e g r a s s of t h e field, which is to-day, a n d to-morrow is cast i n t o t h e oven, how m u c h m o r e you, O ye of !Utle f a i t h ! Be not solicitous, t h e r e f o r e , s a y i n g , W h a t shall we eat, or w h a t shall we drink, o r w h e r e w i t h shall we be clothed? for a f t e r all t h e s e t h i n g s do t h e h e a t h e n s seek. F o r y o u r F a t h e r knoweth t h a t you have need of all t h e s e t h i n g s . Seek y e t h e r e f o r e t h e kingdom of God and h i s j u s t i c e ; and all t h e s e t h i n g s shall be added unto you.

II

DIOCESE OF MALACCA. Calendar for t h e week. S e p t e m b e r 15. S U N D A Y — 14th Sunday after Pentecost. The VII S o r r o w s of t h e B.V.M. Double of t h e 2nd Class. Mass and V e s p e r s of t h e F e a s t . | S e p t e m b e r 16. Monday — Ss. Cornelius, P. a n d Cyprian, B., Mm. Semid. S e p t e m b e r 17. T u e s d a y — T h e Holy S t i g m a t a of St. F r a n c i s , C. S e p t e m b e r 18. W e d n e s d a y — S t Joseph of Cupertino, C. S e p t e m b e r 19. T h u r s d a y — S s . J a n u a r i u s and Comp., Mm. S e p t e m b e r 20. F r i d a y — S s . Eustace and Comp., Mm. Vigil of S t I M a t t h e w , Apostle. S e p t e m b e r 2 1 . S a t u r d a y — ST. M A T T H E W , A P O S . & EVANG.

"A peaceful b a t t a l i o n of women workers for God a n d C a n a d a " w a s the description of t h e League given by the Most Rev. J a m e s G. Forbes, Archbishop of O t t a w a , who said the organization w a s one of t h e prime factors in Catholic Action. The S e c r e t a r y of S t a t e declared in his address t h a t t h e charitable work of t h e L e a g u e w a s g r e a t l y appreciated by t h e Government and had been i n s t r u m e n t a l in alleDIOCESE OF MACAO. viating economic d i s t r e s s . Mayor Nolan of O t t a w a , p r a i s CHURCH O F ST. JOSEPH. ing t h e w o r k of t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n stated t h a t t h e Catholic Church Calendar for t h e week. was in his opinion t h e g r e a t e s t S e p t e m b e r 15. S U N D A Y — F o u r bulwark a g a i n s t communistic a n d COMMENTARY. t e e n t h S u n d a y a f t e r Pentecost. bolshevistic ideas. J e s u s places before us a dilem- and clothe us a s H e does t o t h e ^ F e a s t of t h e Seven Dolours of The P r e s i d e n t of t h e League, ima: we cannot s e r v e God and birds of t h e a i r a n d t h e lilies of j | | t h e B.V.M. Double of t h e 2nd Mrs. J. Coffey, of Montreal, r e ! Mammon a t t h e s a m e t i m e , for t h e field. We c a n n o t , by r i g h t , 1 c l W h i t e v e s t m e n t s . P r o p e r of ported t h a t t h e L e a g u e is now es! e i t h e r we will love God and h a t e call upon His Divine Providence t o bu t h e Mass in t h e "Small M i s s a r tablished in 31 dioceses in C a n a d a | Mammon, o r we will sustain Mam- look a f t e r us, a n d we know t h a t . § p. 305, second collect of t h e and t h a t , since i t s inception 15 Jmon and despise God. T h e words And on account of t h i s we shall | j S u n d a y , p . 217, t h i r d of S t years a g o , it h a s r a i s e d $2,112,982. i used by J e s u s could not be b e t t e r be always " m e n of little f a i t h . " ij Nicomedes. P r e f a c e of Our Many c h a r i t a b l e u n d e r t a k i n g s h a d J chosen. H e does n o t say t h a t if W e know t h e lives of t h o u s a n d s [ L a d y . V e s p e r s of t h e F e a s t been supported. S t u d y clubs and j w e love M a m m o n we shall despise of s a i n t s w h o lived on God's P r o Collections on t h i s d a y a t all girl guide companies had been God. H e s a y s t h a t if we s u s t a i n vidence, and w h o h a d a claim upon services a r e for t h e o r p h a n s of formed. Mammon, we shall despise H i m it. W e know of t h e existence of S t . A n t h o n y ' s Convent. all t h e s a m e . M a m m o n r e p r e s e n t s several convents a n d m o n a s t e r i e s In view of t h e fact t h a t C a t h o S e p t e m b e r 16. M o n d a y — S t s . Cort h e world a n d t h e devil. Only a which h a v e no f u n d s of t h e i r own. lics constitute 42 cent of Canada's nelius a n d C y p r i a n , M a r t y r s . demoniacal soul would be able to and w h o h a v e a c u r r e n t account population, a resolution w as passed Semi-double. confess t h a t he loves t h e devil. I in t h e " B a n k of Providence" onlv. S e p t e m b e r 17. T u e s d a y — T h e Stigrecommending t o t h e Government Yet he shall s u s t a i n h i m , h e shall j W e k n o w t h a t t h e y a r e m a i n t a i n e d m a t a of St. F r a n c i s . Double. t h e appointment of a Catholic tolerate h i s power, h i s s u p r e m a c y jby t h a t B a n k . Still we feel u n S e p t e m b e r 18. W e d n e s d a y — S t woman to t h e S e n a t e . (Lumenl o v e r his whole being. T h i s will | equal t o t h e fulfilment of t h e J o s e p h C u p e r t i n o . Double. EmN.C.W.C.) §j be enough to despise God. On t h e condition. And, in all h u m i l i t y , I ber day. | o t h e r h a n d , w h o loves God above we a r e bound t o confess, a g a i n s t September 19. T h u r s d a y — S t . Jag e v e r y t h i n g h a t e s t h e world and J e s u s ' a r g u m e n t , t h a t both t h e n u a r i u s a n d Comp. M a r t y r s . SOUTH S H A N T U N G MISSION. a t h e devil. I t is a logical sequence, birds of t h e a i r a n d t h e lilies of I Double. t h e fields a r e of m u c h more value j T h e p r o m i s e s of J e s u s , S e p t e m b e r 20. F r i d a y — S t . E u s t a Distressing Flood Conditions. j J e s u s t a k e s as g r a n t e d t h a t we t h a n w e ? chius and Comp. M a r t y r s . Absa* w a n t t o love God a n d t o u s H e T h e n e c e s s a r y condition t o h a v e a tinence. E m b e r d a y . Evening Tsaochowfu, Shantung.—10,000 §D says, "be not solicitous for y o u r Service a t 5.30. claim upon Providence. Christians a n d c a t e c h u m e n s of j | life." H e lays s t r e s s on t h i s point, S e p t e m b e r 2 1 . S a t u r d a y — S t . MatThe condition i s : "seek y e this Vicariate a r e involved directly on t h e political economy, so to say, t h e r e f o r e t h e k i n g d o m of God a n d t h e w , Apostle a n d E v a n g e l i s t in t h e flood d i s a s t e r . of our spiritual life. H e a r g u e s | His j u s t i c e . " W e have not done Double of t h e second class. In t h e n o r t h e r n p a r t of t h e with us H e takes us by t h e h a n d t h i s . W e know it, we acknowledge Kuyeh District a n d also in t h e SENATOR DENOUNCES and invites-us to consider t h e birds ^ p o t h e r w i s e all t h e s e t h i n g s Chuancheng D i s t r i c t t h e Yellow LADY ASTOR'S VIEWS of t h e a i r a n d the lilies of t h e field would be added u n t o u s . " T h e r e River is g r o o v i n g itself a new ON BIRTH CONTROL. who depend entirely on God's loving a r e a few, however, who a r e so channel a s it flows t h r o u g h t h e Providence. W h y shouldn't we be blind t h a t t h e y d o not want to see Washington.—The report that great breach n e a r Linputsi. A t so dependent too? W h y shouldn't t h i s r e a s o n of t h e i r s t a t u s in t h i s j L a d y Astor, A m e r i c a n - b o r n mempresent t h e w i d t h of t h i s new we look a t God as o u r F a t h e r , a life. T h e y s u s t a i n Mammon t h e y ; ber of E n g l a n d ' s p a r l i a m e n t , openly stream is 12 li f r o m b a n k t o b a n k ! most loving F a t h e r who "knows ask of t h e m s e l v e s , " w h a t shall , advocated b i r t h control and det h a t we h a v e need of all t h e s e t h e y e a t , w h a t shall t h e y drink on When t h e L i n p u t s i dyke g a v e J clared t h a t children t w o y e a r s old t h i n g s " ? A careful r e a d i n g of t h i s t h e m o r r o w " and a t t h e same t i m e way, C h u a n c h e n g D i s t r i c t received a r e b e t t e r c a r e d for a t i n s t i t u t i o n s Gospel will show at once t h a t J e s u s t h e y c r y a g a i n s t God, t h e y d a r e t o j the first full i m p e t u s of t h e r u s h t h a n b y t h e i r m o t h e r s , yesterdaym e a n t e v e r y word which H e said. doubt His goodness, His P r o v i ing w a t e r s . A t once 2,000 persons drew a s h a r p criticism from He w a n t e d t o persuade us, to con- dence, if M a m m o n does not help were helplessly s u b m e r g e d a n d S e n a t o r F r e d e r i c k V a n N u y s of 400 villages totally destroyed. ^ vince us. H e calls us m e n "of t h e m a s m u c h a s t h e y w a n t e d . Indiana. Many o t h e r villages which" a t i little f a i t h " and a g a i n he r e p e a t s They a r e t h e r i c h who in t h e i r Senator Van Nuys said: be not solicitous." first remained p a r t l y above w a t e r , h e a r t s deny God's mercy, because, "I t h i n k t h i s t h e m o s t r e p r e like so m a n y i s l a n d s of an inland t h e y see t h a t t h e i r riches do not Yet..., hensible s t a t e m e n t f r o m a public sea, have since been completely Yet J e s u s h a s only convinced a b r i n g t h e m t h e coveted happiness, official in recent h i s t o r y . E n g l a n d covered also. few. T h e condition which he p u t s They h a v e t o n s of gold, b u t t h e i r is welcome t o h e r unsexed and exIn a single d a y some 5,000 to t h e i n t e g r a l fulfilment of His h e a r t s a r e longing for s o m e t h i n g p a t r i a t e d L a d y A s t o r a n d all of her refugees s o u g h t s h e l t e r and s a f e t y promises h a s not been followed up else. T h e y a r e t h e poor who h a v e to t h e point and we persist in placed all t h e i r hopes in this world, !j ilk. in the city of K u y e h . "In a d d r e s s i n g a n assembly of t h i n k i n g of t h e morrow, because in Mammon, to find in t h e end t h a t Ji Many p a r e n t s a r e said to have o u r conscience tells us t h a t we j t h e y h a v e been neglected, t h e y " t e a c h e r s s h e said t h a t one of h e r thrown t h e i r i n f a n t s into t h e river I sons recently complained she failed have not been fair to J e s u s ' a r g u - j h a v e been overlooked. A t t h i s ocso as t o s p a r e t h e m t h e slow | to t a k e i n t e r e s t in h i m before he ment. W e still ask our ourselves casion then they turn their torture of d e a t h from s t a r v a t i o n I was seven y e a r s old. what shall we eat, and w h a t shall t h o u g h t s to God. b u t only to m u r and want. O t h e r persons a r e said we drink, a n d w h e r e w i t h shall we I m u r a n d g r u m b l e . " 'If I'd k n o w n a s m u c h t h e n as to have h a n g e d themselves in H a v e we not done this I do now, I s h o u l d n ' t h a v e had you despair. Great numbers h a v e ^ be clothed" because we know t h a t occa- § a t all,' L a d y A s t o r replied, emigrated e a s t w a r d toward Tsin- ^ G o d will not feel bound t o feed sionally? i "She further asserted t h a t the }B£ and Yenchowfu, or w e s t w a r d old t h e o r y of a m o t h e r being t h e into Shansi. w h e r e conditions a r e similar, t h e best person t o b r i n g u p a child was B R I T I S H M I N I S T E R TO T H E .In t h e Y u n c h e n g District 551 D i s t r i c t M a g i s t r a t e s have sef up out of d a t e a n d a d v o c a t e d sending HOLY S E E . *Hages have been inundated, refugee c a m p s which u n f o r t u n a t e l y every child t o a n u r s e r y school a t among t h e m 45 inhabited by were filled in a very s h o r t time, t h e a g e of t w o . Christians. Mr. F r a n c i s D ' A r c y Osborne, leaving t h o u s a n d s t o seek relief "Someone once said t h a t before Driven by w a n t , m a n y of t h e C.M.G., m i n i s t e r a t W a s h i n g t o n , elsewhere. he dould send u s a C h r i s t , God first Poor^are selling t h e i r live-stock for h a s been appointed m i n i s t e r P l e n i - ; g a v e us m o t h e r s . C e r t a i n it is t h a t pittance. A medium-sized cow H u n d r e d s of t h e refugees a r e p o t e n t i a r y to t h e Holy See. He m o t h e r love m o r e n e a r l y approachwith her calf w a s recently sold for being housed and cared for in is cousin and h e i r p r e s u m p t i v e t o es all t h a t is holy a n d divine t h a n ' dollars. Catholic Mission buildings t h r o u g - t h e Duke of Leeds and is 51 y e a r s all o t h e r worldly experiences.' o t h in K u y e h a n d in Hochih, out t h e Vicariate. (Lumen.) of age. (N.C.W.C.) :

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12

Civilization's EXCAVATIONS I N PALESTINE

Debt to Italy

GIFTS FOR T H E BISHOPS O F J O H A N N E S B U R G FROM NATIV E S OF T H E TRANSVAAL.

LARGER SHARE TERRITORY.

J o h a n n e s b u r g , ( S o u t h Africa). — A beautiful s y n t h e t i c marble a l t a r f o r a n e w c h u r c h a t Village M a i n w a s p r e s e n t e d t o Bishop D a v i d O ' L e a r y , Vicar Apostolic of t h e T r a n s v a a l , on t h e 25th anniv e r s a r y of h i s ordination July 10. T h e a l t a r w a s paid for exclusively w i t h c o n t r i b u t i o n s t o t h e Silver Jubilee F u n d m a d e b y t h e Natives of t h e T r a n s v a a l . T h e Natives also a s k e d t h e B i s h o p t o a c c e p t a purse of £90 a s a t o k e n of appreciation. T h e Apostolic Delegate, seven B i s h o p s , four P r e f e c t s Apostolic a n d c l e r g y a n d laity from all parts of t h e U n i o n g a t h e r e d a t Johannesburg d u r i n g t h e week of July 7 to c e l e b r a t e B i s h o p O'Leary's Jubilee. T h e Catholics of t h e Transvaal r a i s e d a fund of £2,755 for him. H i s p r i e s t s gave h i m a golden croziec, a n d o t h e r gifts e a m e from t h e Catholic m e n , Catholic Women, c h i l d r e n a n d t h e N a t i v e , Coloured a n d I n d i a n Communities. B i s h o p O ' L e a r y is a member of t h e M a r y I m m a c u l a t e . H e was b o r n i n Kimberley, S o u t h Africa, A u g u s t 19, 1880, ordained in 1910, a n d n a m e d V i c a r Apostolic and T i t u l a r B i s h o p of Fes«°i May 13, 1985. < F i d * s ) .

Jericho found t o be Oldest City.

THE ARCHBISHOP COMMENTS ON STRIFE AMONG NATIONS.

( B y D r . Alexander Mombelli) Jerusalem—In a communication t o t h e F r e n c h Academie d e s Inscriptions e t Belles Lettres, P r o f e s s o r G a r s t a n g , d i r e c t o r of t h e Jericho Excavations, h a s summed u p t h e r e s u l t s of h i s r e s e a r c h e s . **The o b j e c t i v e of t h e fifth expedition, w h i c h h a s j u s t b e e n c o m p l e t ed," h e w r i t e s , " w a s t h e exploration of t h e l o w e s t levels of t h e Bronze Age, pertaining t o t h e millennium preceding t h e tradit i o n a l e r a of the Patriarch A b r a h a m (2000-3000 B . C . ) . T h e a c c o m p l i s h m e n t of t h i s t a s k took t h e e x c a v a t o r s d o w n 2 1 f e e t below t h e s u r f a c e , w h e r e lay a chalcolithic d e p o s i t s u c h a s h a s h i t h e r t o been r e g a r d e d a s m a r k i n g t h e o r i g i n s of civilization i n P a l e s t i n e . A s e r i e s of f u r t h e r discoveries, however, carried t h e excavations down a n additional 25 f e e t to levels ! r e p r e s e n t m g a long period of civilization c o m p a r a b l e w i t h t h e Neolit h i c p e r i o d in E u r o p e . J e r i c h o a p p e a r s f o r t h e t i m e being t o m a r k t h e s i t e of t h e oldest city o f P a l e s t i n e a n d o n e of t h e e a r l i e s t settled c o m m u n i t i e s in t h e N e a r E a s t . " 1

(N.C.W.€.)

FIFTEENTH ANNIVERSARY O B S E R V E D B Y ' T H E SIGN.'

(CATHOLIC LEADER,

BRISBANE)

" I s a v without fear of contradiction that no nation in t h e world h a s been less ambitious, less predatory in t h e w a y of extending her dominions, than Italy. Italy h a s been a land of culture, which has laid t h e nations of t h e world under a great debt o f gratitude t o her; and Italv deserves a much larger share of t l i e territory « f t h e world t h a n i s i n her nossession to-day. Let t h e nation which h a s d e a n hands in these matters throw t h e first stone at Italy," declared H i s G r a c e t h e Archbishop ( t h e Most Rev. J. Dtthig, D.D.), speaking t o Holy Name men at N e w Farm recently. A f e w w e e k s a g o he^fad received a l e t t e r from a n Anglican clergym a n in N e w S o u t h Wales, enclosing a copy of a n e w s p a p e r from h i s diocese, w h i c h a s k e d w h y t h e P o p e did n o t i n t e r v e n e in m a k i n g peace between I t a l y a n d Abyssinia, a d d ed H i s Grace. Before h e h a d h a d time t o reply, a cablegram h a d stated t h a t t h e Holy Father w a s on t h e s i d e of peace. A t t h e t i m e of t h e G r e a t W a r , t h e l a t e P o p e B e n e d i t X V h a d called on t h e n a t i o n s t o m a k e peace, a n d h a d w r i t t e n a magnificent encyclical l e t t e r calling upon t h e m t o cease w a r a n d s a v e t h e millions of lives t h a t w e r e a f t e r w a r d s sacrificed in t h e w a r , a n d t o leajl E u r o p e a n d t h e whole world back t o t h e o r d i n a r y w a y of living. N o Anglican c l e r g y m a n had written t o him then. The P o p e w a s n o t listened t o , a n d t h e n a t i o n s continued t h e w a r w i t h r e s u l t s t h e y all k n e w .

P r e s s Comment. T h e r e w a s a g r e a t deal of p r e s s Union C i t y , N . J . — W i t h t h e c o m m e n t on t h e p r e s e n t w a r , a n d A u g u s t n u m b e r , The S i g n , n a t i o n a l h e would like t o give a h i n t t o t h e Catholic m a g a z i n e published b y t h e daily p r e s s n o t t o c a r i c a t u r e M u s Passionisfc F a t h e r s , o b s e r v e s t h e solini. T h e A u s t r a l i a n p r e s s h a d fifteenth a n n i v e r s a r y of i t s first no r i g h t w h a t s o e v e r t o g e t into t h e i s s u e . W i t h i n t h e p a g e s of t h i s limelight in t h a t w a y , a n d h e h o p e d i s s u e The Sign p r e s e n t s a n a r r a y it would n o t t a k e sides, a s h a d t h e of l e a d i n g w r i t e r s of A m e r i c a a n d p r e s s in o t h e r p a r t s . H e claimed t o k n o w s o m e t h i n g E n g l a n d , m o s t of w h o m h a v e been r e g u l a r c o n t r i b u t o r s t o t h e m a g a - of I t a l y in h i s t o r y , a n d h e s a i d zine. I n t h e list a r e G . K. C h e s t e r - w i t h o u t f e a r of contradiction t h a t t o n , H i i a i r e Belloc a n d D e n i s no n a t i o n i n t h e world h a d b e e n G w y i m of E n g l a n d ; t h e R e v . J a m e s less a m b i t i o u s , less p r e d a t o r y in H . Giffis, C . S . P . , E d i t o r of The t h e w a y of e x t e n d i n g h e r d o m i Catholic W o r l d : t h e R e v . Wilfffd nions t h a n I t a l y . I t a l y h a d b e e n P a r s o n s , S X , of A m e r i c a ; P a t r i c k a land of c u l t u r e , w h i c h h a d laid Scanlan of The B r o o k l y n Tablet; t h e n a t i o n s of t h e world u n d e r a G e o r g e S h u s t e r of T h e Common- jrreat d e b t of g r a t i t u d e t o h e r ; a n d weal; Daniel S a r g e n t , R . D a n a I t a l y deserved a m u c h l a r g e r s h a r e S k i n n e r , H e l e n W a l k e r H o m a n a n d of t h e t e r r i t o r y of t h e world t h a n other outstanding writers. w a s in h e r possession to-day. It seemed t o h i m t h a t i t w a s t h e s a m e T h e p r e s e n t e d i t o r is t h e R e v . w i t h n a t i o n s a s w i t h individuals. T h e o p h a n e M a g u i r e , C P . , w h o T h e individual w h o did least f o r a f t e r several y e a r s s p e n t on t h e culture, refinement, a n d h u m a n missions in C h i n a r e t u r n e d t o t h i s p r o g r e s s seemed t o g e t t h e g r e a t e r c o u n t r y a n d t o t h e p o s t of B u s i n e s s p a r t of t h e spoils. I t a l y h a d d o n e M a n a g e r a n d Mission P r o c u r a t o r m o r e probably t h a n a n y o t h e r n a of T h e Sign. On h i s accession t o tion for c u l t u r e , a r t , a n d science, the editorship h e announced his and to-day Italy was as great as i n t e n t i o n t o continue t o p r e s e n t t o e v e r s h e h a d been. Marconi stood t h e r e a d e r s of The Sign t h a t s a m e peerless a m o n g scientists, and f e a r q u a l i t y of l i t e r a r y , r e l i g i o u s a n d lessly p r a c t i s e d h i s Catholic F a i t h . economic i n t e r e s t w h i c h h a s m a d e (Applause.) T h e Sign s o widely a c c e p t a b l e t o A m e r i c a a n d Peace. a h o s t of r e a d e r s . " L e t t h e n a t i o n which h a s clean A l e t t e r of c o m m e n d a t i o n on t h e h a n d s t h r o w t h e first stone a t occasion of t h e jubilee from H i s I t a l y , " H i s Grace added. " I h a v e E x c e l l e n c y t h e Most R e v . A m l e t o n o s y m p a t h y w i t h w a r and hope G i o v a n n i Cicognani, Apostolic De- w a r will n o t t a k e place, b u t I h a d l e g a t e t o t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , also t o smile a t A m e r i c a sending a n a m b a s s a d o r t o m a k e peace, p a r t i conferred Archbishop Cicognanfs cularly w h e n w e r e m e m b e r t h a t blessing:—N.C.W.C.

America, w i t h o u t one qualm of r e gret, drove Spain out of t h e Philippines. S p a i n h a s been o n e of t h e g r e a t e s t benefactors of t h e h u m a n race. A f t e r t h e S p a n i s h - A m e r i c a n war, t h e S p a n i s h culture, t h a t t h e people h a d held for h u n d r e d s of y e a r s , w a s d r i v e n o u t of t h e islands. L e t u s a s k t h o s e w h o a r e t a l k i n g a b o u t Italy w h a t did I t a l y g e t o u t of t h e G r e a t W a r ? S h e fought v e r y nobly in it, a n d while s h e w a s fighting s h e w a s being penalised b y t h e o t h e r Allies, w h o c h a r g e d h e r e x o r b i t a n t p r i c e s for coal a n d m u n i t i o n s . W e m i g h t a s k t h e L e a g u e of N a t i o n s w h e n i s t h e r e d i s t r i b u t i o n of t h o s e m a n d a t e d t e r r i t o r i e s t a k e n from G e r m a n y t o t a k e place? If j u s t i c e is t o be done, let i t b e done all round. T h e r e is n o t a nation t h a t c a n point a finger a t I t a l y to-day a n d s a y t h a t I t a l y in t h e p a s t h a s been r a p a c i o u s ; i t s t a n d s o u t a s one c o u n t r y t h a t h a s been q u i t e t h e contrary. I t a l y h a s become a g r e a t n a t i o n , a n d m u s t be listened to b y t h e n a t i o n s of t h e world." Empty Continents. T h e y m i g h t a s k t h e L e a g u e of N a t i o n s w h a t of t h o s e countries holding i m m e n s e t e r r i t o r i e s a n d empty continents? They had an e m p t y c o n t i n e n t in Australia, b u t followed a "dog-in-the-manger" policy. T h e F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t would n o t allow i m m i g r a n t s . T h e L e a g u e of N a t i o n s o u g h t t o k e e p silent in t h e m a t t e r of u r g i n g I t a l y t o do n o t h i n g t o e x t e n d h e r colonies a n d find a place f o r h e r ever g r o w i n g population. T h e y all desired peace, b u t t h e g r e a t obstacle in t h e w a y of peace w a s t h a t agree the nations could n o t a m o n g s t themselves. T h e y h a d no common F a t h e r a s w h e n Christendom w a s one, and w h e n t h e Pope h a d a s a y in t h o s e m a t t e r s and w a s called in b y t h e n a t i o n s a s arbiter. To-day t h e r e w a s no h i g h e r t r i b u n a l t h a n t h e nations themselves. W i t h every nation j i t s own a r b i t e r , a n y t h i n g m i g h t i happen. T h e y could n o t look for perpetual peace until t h e nations | were p r e p a r e d t o look t o a h i g h e r J t r i b u n a l t h a n a secular tribunal t o settle t h e i r differences. " W e see h o w easy it is t o m i s j u d g e a n a t i o n , " H i s G r a c e added. "Italy, because of t h e splendid work s h e h a s done in h u m a n society in culture, a r t , a n d l i t e r a t u r e , deserves a g r e a t e r place in t h e world t h a n s h e h a s g o t today, a n d whether she gets Abyssinia or some o t h e r place, we h o p e s h e s e t s a bigger place."

B 9 L Y CROSS SOCIETY MISS I O N A R I E S TO S A I L FOR S E R V I C E I N INDIA. Washington.—The R e v . F r a n c i s P . GoodaH, CS.C-, Director of t h e H o l y C r o s s F o r e i g n Mission Societ y , a n n o u n c e s t h a t t h e United S t a t e s P r o v i n c e of t h e Congregat i o n of H o l y Cross, N o t r e Dame, I n d i a n a , will s e n d four missionaries t o I n d i a t h i s fall. T h r e e missiona r y p r i e s t s , t h e Rev. D . R. Patrick, C.S.C. of P l y m o u t h , I n d . ; t h e Rev. L a w r e n c e B a u e r , C.S.C. of Brooklyn, Mich., a n d t h e Rev. Francis W e b e r , C.S.C., of Detroit, will be accompanied b y B r o t h e r B e r n a r dine, C.S.C. All will go t o t h e Diocese of Dacca in t h e Province of B e n g a l , I n d i a . T h e first y e a r in India of t h e n e w m i s s i o n a r i e s will be a contin u a t i o n in t h e mission field of t h e s t u d i e s w h i c h t h e y followed a t t h e F o r e i g n Mission Seminary, W a s h i n g t o n , D.C., namely, t h e l a n g u a g e of Bengal, t h e customs a n d h i s t o r y of t h e people of Dacca mission a n d t h e m e t h o d of missionary approach. T w o S i s t e r s of t h e Holy Cross, S i s t e r A u g u s t i n e M a r i e a n d Sister F r a n c e l i a , also h a v e been assigned t o g o t o I n d i a t h i s fall. The S i s t e r s of t h e Holy Cross h a v e two c o n v e n t s in t h e diocese of Dacca. A n i n t e r e s t i n g development of t h e w o r k of t h e S i s t e r s of Holy Cross in I n d i a is t h e special t a s k of Sister R o s e B e r n a r d in t r a i n i n g a comm u n i t y of n a t i v e SistersSeven y o u n g w o m e n h a v e been admitted t o t h e n o v i t i a t e of this native C o m m u n i t y called t h e Associates of t h e Apostles, a n d five more a r e a w a i t i n g admission t o t h e novitiate. T w o S i s t e r s a r e r e t u r n i n g from B e n g a l soon, S i s t e r Olga, of San F r a n c i s c o , w h o h a s been in the mission e i g h t y e a r s , and Sister H e l e n X a v i e r , of S t . Louis, who h a s h a d t h r e e y e a r s of missionary e x p e r i e n c e in India. A c c o r d i n g t o p r e s e n t plans t h e m i s s i o n a r i e s w h o a r e to go to Beng a l t h i s y e a r will sail from New .York on October. 2 3 (N.GW.C.)


MALAYA

CATHOLIC LEADER, S A T U R D A Y ,

Our Question Box!! [Readers are kindly invited to send in questions. on religions dogmas or standards of moral conduct. Such questions must be put in good faith with a view to obviating any dubiety or adjusting any inaccuracy in pertinent All quesmatters of faith or morals. tions must be accompanied by the names and addresses of questioners, not necessarily for publication, but as a ouarantee of good faith. The Editor reserves the right to reject any question, which in his opinion, may appear trivial or frivolous.]

THE

CHURCH

OF

ABYSSINIA

Its Breach With Catholicism.

only a b o u t 4,000 Catholics in preT h e P r e f e c t u r e of war days. E r i t r e a , under t h e Italian Capuchins, h a d some 14,000 Catholics, and t h e Vicariate of t h e Gallas* some 18,000 Catholics, chiefly under t h e F r e n c h Capuchins. T h u s , before t h e G r e a t W a r , Catholics numbered a b o u t 36,000, a s compared with 200,000 Mussulmans, 100,000 P a g a n s , 50,000 J e w s , a n d 380 P r o t e s t a n t s , t h e last being u n d e r t h e influence of t h e Swedish National Society. T h e t o t a l population w a s variously e s t i m a t e d from five t o eight millions. (Catholic Times, 3 0 t h A u g . ) .

14th September, 1935.

13

Browsing Among Books

F O R T H E CATHOLIC W I F E . for " C h r i s t , " s a y s S t . T h o m a s Ideal Motherhood. B y Doctor Mary A q u i n a s , "is t h e t o t a l w e a l t h of Kidd (B.O. & W . L t d . , p p . 101, t h e C h u r c h ; H e Himself w i t h t h e o t h e r elect is no g r e a t e r t h a n He Cloth 2s. 6d., p a p e r I s . 6d.) Himself alone." A n d Abbot Voj W e have n o h e s i t a t i o n in saying m e r ' s c o m m e n t on t h i s should be j t h a t we would like t o see a copy placarded in every c h u r c h : " W h a t I of t h i s wonderful booklet in t h e is of t h e u t m o s t i m p o r t a n c e for h a n d s of e v e r y y o u n g Catholic t h e C h u r c h is this, t h a t h e r C h r i s t wife. So much practical common- should be w h a t He i s : H e is t h e sense a n d really useful advice are ; t o t a l i t y of h e r goodness, t h e s a i n t s r a r e l y found in so small a compass, j do n o t add t o H i m b u t receive a n d m o r e i m p o r t a n t still t h e Ca- | from H i m . So w h a t really m a t t e r s tholic ideal is ever t o t h e fore. is o u r knowledge of w h a t O u r Lord h a s achieved." (C. T. S.) Doctor Mary Kidd s p e a k s from t h e a b u n d a n c e of h e r wide personal j experience in London ante-natal j clinics, and in popular language j D E L E G A T E ' S D I S C O U R S E S ON describes w i t h d u e delicacy t h e I C A T H O L I C A C T I O N B R O U G H T T O G E T H E R I N N E W BOOK. n a t u r a l function of child-bearing, Peiping.—The Central Headt h e d e m a n d s of t h e u n b o r n child, j t h e rules of h e a l t h f o r expectant j q u a r t e r s of Catholic Action in m o t h e r s , special s y m p t o m s , safe- i C h i n a h a v e collected, in a new C h i n e s e book j u s t published, t h e g u a r d s , diet, a n d even d r e s s . v a r i o u s discourses of A r c h b i s h o p Such a t r e a t i s e should inspire confidence a n d a t t h e s a m e time Z a n i n on Catholic Action since h i s help t o correct t h e g r o w i n g ten- a r r i v a l in China as Apostolic Deledency t o e x a g g e r a t e difficulties and g a t e . Several e x c e r p t s r e f e r r i n g t o r e g a r d m o t h e r h o o d a s a dan- t o Catholic Action h a v e been culled g e r o u s occupation i n s t e a d of a from h i s pastoral l e t t e r s a n d innoble vocation in accordance with cluded in t h e collection. A l t o g e t h e r t h e designs of God. t h e r e a r e 26 distinct e n t r i e s coverJ . H . ( T h e Catholic G a z e t t e ) . ing 118 p a g e s .

Q. W h a t i s t h e Abyssinian Church? (S.T.). LATEST OUTBURST A T A. T h e A b y s s i n i a n or E t h i o BELFAST. pian C h u r c h is o n e of five w h i c h profess t h e M o n o p h y s i t e heresy, T h e l a t e s t o u t b u r s t of bigotry in t h e o t h e r four b e i n g t h e Copts ( = n a t i o n a l C h u r c h of E g y p t ) , t h e Belfast manifested a t t h e m e e t i n g Jacobites ( = S y r i a a n d Mesopota- in t h a t city of t h e E a s t Belfast body m i a ) , M a l a b a r C h r i s t i a n s a n d P r o t e s t a n t Association—a for w h i c h t h e c r e a t o r s of " a P r o Armenians. t e s t a n t P a r l i a m e n t for a P r o t e s T h o u g h distinct f r o m t h e Coptic t a n t people" a r e too slow—should Monophysite C h u r c h of E g y p t , t h e a t l e a s t give a fillip t o t h e fund in Abyssinian C h u r c h is nominally * * * * * * aid of t h e victims of t h e recent under t h e P a t r i a r c h of Alexandria, o u t r a g e s which w a s i n a u g u r a t e d by D E V O T I O N A L . from w h o m t h e a b u n a , o r r e s i d e n t his L o r d s h i p t h e Bishop of Down A b b o t A n s c a r V o n i e r ' s n e w book, head, receives h i s i n v e s t i t u r e . and Connor, Most R e v . D r . Ma- T h e Victory of C h r i s t ( B . O . & W., C h r i s t i a n i t y w a s introduced i n t o geean. T h e E a s t Belfast fire- 5 s . ) , t r e a t s , of course, of t h a t vicEthiopia in t h e f o u r t h c e n t u r y by b r a n d s called on a M i n i s t e r a n d t h e t o r y of which t h e C h u r c h sings in St. F r u m e n t i u s a n d S t . Aedisius, Police Chief t o resign. B u t h a v e t h e Exultet: "Christ having t h e former being appointed bishop not M i n i s t e r s of S t a t e in t h e Six b r o k e n t h e bonds of d e a t h rose vicby S t . A t h a n a s i u s , t h e n P a t r i a r c h Counties, whose s w o r n d u t y it is t o r i o u s from t h e dead." N o t t h a t of Alexandria. to a d m i n i s t e r j u s t i c e equitably t o t h e book is a t r e a t i s e on t h e ReIn t h e seventh c e n t u r y , a f t e r t h e all, been guilty of u t t e r a n c e s h a r d - s u r r e c t i o n ; r a t h e r is i t a n exposiconqeust of E g y p t b y t h e Caliph ly less i n f l a m m a t o r y ? If persons tion of t h e c h a n g e t h e Resurrection Omar, t h e C h u r c h i n A b y s s i n i a w a s who a p p o i n t t h e m s e l v e s spokesmen w r o u g h t upon t h e prospects of cut off from c o m m u n i c a t i o n w ith for a section of t h e P r o t e s t a n t fallen man. T h e m a t t e r , a s we Rome, a n d in s p i t e of heroic a t m a j o r i t y feel t h e m s e l v e s free t o should expect, is v e r y well handled, tempts b y m i s s i o n a r i e s t o p r e s e r v e voice w h a t a r e really i n c i t e m e n t s a n d is p u n c t u a t e d w i t h p e r t i n e n t the t r u e faith, a n d a t e m p o r a l r e t o violence a g a i n s t t h e Catholic citations from t h e S c r i p t u r e s , t h e union in t h e s e v e n t e e n t h c e n t u r y , m i n o r i t y t h e y probably feel t h e y F a t h e r s , a n d t h e theologians of heresy prevailed, a n d t h e persecucan do so w i t h t h e t a c i t endorse- m o r e modern t i m e s . T h e volume tion of Catholic m i s s i o n a r i e s conm e n t of g o v e r n m e n t a s it is under- m a y , indeed, be described a s a call tinued until 1889. in Belfast. If Lord t o a r m s a g a i n s t t h e too sentimenstood * * * * * C r a i g a v o n and his Cabinet w e r e of tal spirituality of o u r d a y s , with Q. W h a t a r e t h e distinctive a m i n d t o safeguard o r d e r a n d • it* ~ ^ T > T P V cult S a i n t s a n d Beati doctrines of t h e A b y s s i n i a n h u m a n r i g h t s , t h e s a v a g e persecuChurch? ( S . T . ) . tion of defenceless Catholics in t h e A. T h e A b y s s i n i a n o r E t h i o p i a n a r e a t h e y a d m i n i s t e r would long Church, which is b o t h heretical since h a v e ceased. and schismatical, holds w i t h t h e * * * * * * other Monophysites t h a t t h e divine T H E KULTURKAMPF OF THE and t h e h u m a n a r e fused in t h e NAZIS. person of Christ, W h o h a s t h e r e T

H ;

M o s t of t h e s e discourses w e r e r e n d e r e d i n t o Chinese b y t h e R e v . D r . P a u l Yu Pin, N a t i o n a l D i r e c t o r of Catholic Action, w h o also s u p e r vised t h e i r publication. T h e designation of t h e book on i t s cover a s a " F i r s t F a s c i c l e " gives p r o m i s e of a series of similar v o l u m e s in f u t u r e . Catholic Action in C h i n a is still in i t s infancy. A collection of a u t h o r i t a t i v e p r o n o u n c e m e n t s on t h e n a t u r e , scope, a i m s , m e t h o d s , manifestations, prerequisites and various other features and phases of Catholic Action is a valuable contribution to t h e growth and h e a l t h y development of t h e Movem e n t in China and will a t t h e s a m e t i m e be a safe a n d s u r e g u i d e in t h e h a n d s of all associated w i t h it. (Continued

at foot of col. 2~)

GCIDEN

fore b u t one n a t u r e , n o t t w o . T h i s heresy w a s condemned in 451 b y the Council of Chalcedon. Certain peculiar doctrines a r e also held, a s , for e x a m p l e , t r a d u cianism, by which t h e p a r e n t s a r e held t o t r a n s m i t t h e soul t o t h e i r children. T h e f a i t h of t h e p a r e n t s is considered sufficient t o e n s u r e the salvation of a n y child w h o dies unbaptised. Certain of t h e e a r l y C h r i s t i a n practices stM p e r s i s t , s u c h a s b a p tism by immersion, communion t o children under t h e species of wine, abstinence from t h e flesh a n d blood of animals w h i c h h a v e been w a n g l e d , and t h e celebration of the Agape. Relics of J e w i s h c u s t o m s also remain, a s for i n s t a n c e circumcision, which t a k e s place some ^ e before b a p t i s m , a n d observance of t h e S a b b a t h . * * * * *

| A t t h e time of w r i t i n g details ! of t h e m e e t i n g of t h e Bishops of ! G e r m a n y a t Fulda h a d not reached us, b u t w e know t h a t t h e y h a d t o consider t h e g r a v e s t problems t h a t h a v e confronted t h e spiritual guides of Catholic G e r m a n y since t h e d a y s of B i s m a r c k ' s K u l t u r kampf. To say t h a t t h e t r e a t m e n t of Catholic priests a n d m e m b e r s of Religious Orders, m e n and women, and of Catholic o r g a n i s a t i o n s , b v t h e Nazis is vindictive is t o p u t i t mildly. New offences under t h e law a r e m a n u f a c t u r e d b y decree— t h e Cardinal Archbishoo of Cologne and o t h e r Bishops h a v e n o t escaped persecution—but a courageous people cannot b e stampeded into s u r r e n d e r , a n d w e a r e confid e n t t h e Catholics of t h e Reich e m e r g e from t h e i r ordeal, under t h e wise guidance of t h e i r Bishops, as devoted a s ever t o t h e i r relij gious f a i t h and a s good G e r m a n s j a s t h e v have alwavs been. (Dublin S t a n d a r d . 30th Auor.) W h a t is t h e p r e s e n t position

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14

Europe

MALAYA

CATHOLIC L E A D E R ,

Suffering

SATURDAY,

14th September, 1935.

From Land Hunger

A Woman's Message From Manitoba. tf wish from my heart," writes Mrs. Louie Mitchell, of Oak Point, Manitoba, "I could persuade every person who is run-down to give Dr. Williams' Pink Pills a trial. About a year ago I was suffering from a run-down system. Any little exertion would cause my legs to tremble and my heart to throb violently. I could not do a little housework or walk fifty feet without being exhausted. 4

DR. MOON ON UNHOLY TRINITY OF IMPERIALISM, F A M I L Y COMES F I R S T IN NATIONALISM, AND MILITARISM. MATTERS OF R E L I E F .

F E D E R A L YOUTH C H I E F P R A I S E S CATHOLIC WORK.

(By N.CW.C. N E W S SERVICE.) | Cleveland.—"Europe today is suffering, in every country, f r i g h t f u l p a n g s of l a n d h u n g e r , a t e r r i b l e disease w h i c h I like t o call ' m a p i t i s , ' o r i n f l a m a t i o n of t h e m a p , i t s economics a n d politics involved in a v i c i o u s circle w h i c h i s rolling o n w a r d t o w a r d s w a r , " D r . P a r k e r T. M o o n p r o f e s s o r of i n t e r n a t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s of Columbia U n i v e r s i t y , said i n a d d r e s s i n g t h e I n s t i t u t e on C u r r e n t Affairs of t h e S u m m e r S e s s i o n of W e s t e r n R e serve University. " T h e N a z i s , " h e said, " a r e n o t s u r e Germany lost t h e war. Hitler i s g o i n g t o let F r a n c e k e e p AlsaceL o r r a i n e , b u t h e w a n t s back t h e • G e r m a n colonies a n d E n g l a n d a n d France might return them—at l e a s t E n g l a n d would let F r a n c e return hers arid vice versa. D a n z i g , a t r u e G e r m a n city, a n d the Polish c o r r i d o r are real g r i e v a n c e s , s o i s Memal, a n d j w h i l e t h e r e is l i t t l e d a n g e r of H i t l e r ' s r e t a k i n g Memal, you m a y s e e it in t h e n e w s . Would D e s t r o y M a p s . " T h e r e a r e t h r e e or f o u r million G e r m a n s in Czecho-Slovakia, b u t H i t l e r c a n do n o t h i n g a b o u t t h a t w i t h o u t offending M u s s o l i n i ; t w o h u n d r e d t h o u s a n d of t h e m in t h e S o u t h e r n Tyrol, n o w a p a r t of I t a l y , b u t Mussolini h a s said h e , will n o t t o l e r a t e b r e a k i n g t h e line oi t h e A l p s . " A u s t r i a , a s l a r g e a s Ohio, w i t h t h r e e - f o u r t h s of Ohio's population, i3 G e r m a n . I t is rocked b y N a z i i s m , b u t t h e little E n t e n t e would fight t o t h e d e a t h before A u s t r i a would g o t o G e r m a n y . "Hitler's real yearnings are tow a r d t h e U k r a i n e , a f a n t a s t i c idea, b u t taken seriously by Russia but h e will h a r d l y i n d u l g e t h e m till h i s a i r forces a r e s t r e n g t h e n e d . A c t u a l l y , land h u n g e r , r o o t e d in n a t i o n a l i s m , h a s r e a c h e d a fever p i t c h in G e r m a n y , opposed b y F i a n c e , Poland and Italy. Hitler will n o t for l o n g b e satisfied w i t h o u t a w a r w h i c h will rock E u r o p e f r o m end t o end, w i t h r e p e r cussions o v e r h e r e . " P e a c e efforts m a y do s o m e t h i n g " t o p r e v e n t it. T h e real r e m e d y would be to a b o l i s h all t e a c h e r s of g e o g r a p h y a n d t o d e s t r o y all t h e m a p s in t h e w o r l d . " ;

PROTESTANT BISHOP ON RELIGIOUS INTOLERANCE IN NORTH IRELAND. DEPLORES RIOTING AND BLOODSHED. Dublin.—Protestantism has at last voiced a p r o t e s t in t h e person of Dr. MacNeece, Protestant Bishop of Down a n d Connor, a g a i n s t t h e religious intolerance t h a t h a s existed s o long in t h e N o r t h of Ireland a n d h a s recently t a k e n t h e form of violence in which lives h a v e b e e n t a k e n . T h e a n t a g o n i s m s of factions in N o r t h e r n Ireland h a v e been cons i s t e n t l y deplored b y m e n of goodwill on all sides a n d t h e Governm e n t h a s been c o n d e m n e d for s t a n d i n g idly b y w h e n stern measures might prevent the brutality a n d bloodshed t h a t frequently occur. A d d r e s s i n g t h e c o n g r e g a t i o n in t h e C h u r c h of St. T h o m a s , Belfast, D r . MacNeece s a i d : " I t would b e e a s y t o a c c e n t u a t e e x i s t i n g differences, b u t t h e t i m e s d e m a n d a n appeal t o b o t h sides t o r e m e m b e r that they are brothers. Protesta n t s a n d Catholics a r e side by side in a small c o u n t r y , n o t t o d e s t r o y b u t t o help one a n o t h e r . I t would be well t o r e m e m b e r t h e good a n d f o r g e t t h e s t o r y of old feuds, animosities, t r i u m p h s a n d humiliations." T h i s a d d r e s s w a s hailed w i t h joy as a movement towards lasti n g peace b u t u n f o r t u n a t e l y t h e r e h a v e been deplorable e v e n t s . A t t h e J u l y Twelfth O r a n g e celebrations, t w o persons w e r e t i l l e d a n d 18 wounded in a r i o t t h a t occurred in t h e York S t r e e t a r e a of Belfast. T h e s e casualties m u s t be c h a r g e d to t h e violence of e x t r e m i s t s , for t h e speeches from t h e O r a n g e platf o r m s w e r e milder t h a n ever before. T h e Irish I n d e p e n d e n t in a leading article s a y s : " I n t h e m a i n t h e speeches w e r e s i n g u l a r l y f r e e from incitement of passion a g a i n s t Catholics. A few s p e a k e r s w e r e sufficiently c o u r a g e o u s t o plead for t o l e r a t i o n a n d n e i g h b o u r l y feeling t o w a r d s t h e m i n o r i t y in t h e N o r t h e a s t . This is a welcome c h a n g e of h e a r t . "

OF PRIESTS IN BURMA. Rangoon, B u r m a . — A n article in a r e c e n t issue of t h e Rangoon Voice d r a w s a t t e n t i o n to the s e r i o u s s h o r t a g e of clergy in B u r ma. A t t h e a n n u a l r e t r e a t for t h e N a t i o n a l i s m Scored. E u r o p e a n clergy of U p p e r B u r m a " O u r hope is t o t r y t o do a w a y only 13 of t h e 2 1 p r i e s t s of t h e w i t h t h e idea of c h a n g i n g it b y v i c a r i a t e were p r e s e n t ; t h e o t h e r s force, t o p e r s u a d e peoples not t o w e r e ill or w e r e u n a b l e t o leave In Lower Burma, g r i p t h e s w o r d a s t h e y a s k for t h e i r stations. things. To s t r e n g t h e n t h e m a - one p a r i s h with a t h o u s a n d C a t h o c h i n e r y of peace, by intellectual, • lics cannot be given a r e s i d e n t spiritual methods, by peace pro- | priest, many smaller parishes a r e p a g a n d a t o t e a c h t h e difference in t h e s a m e p r e d i c a m e n t , and m a n y b e t w e e n p a t r i o t i s m , w h i c h is really p r o m i s i n g o p p o r t u n i t i e s m u s t be good c i t i z e n s h i p a n d t h e desire to let p a s s because of insufficient m i s h a v e o u r c o u n t r y s t a n d for decency, s i o n a r y personnel. a n d n a t i o n a l i s m , whicj? is t h e B u r m a , with a t o t a l population gangster idea in i n t e r n a t i o n a l of 14,600,000, h a s 122,991 C a t h o relations. lics. T h e r e a r e 99 E u r o p e a n a n d ' T h e a n c i e n t s w o r s h i p e d M a r s , 68 n a t i v e p r i e s t s in t h e c o u n t r y , 36 t h e w a r god, a n d t o d a y w e w o r s h i p j E u r o p e a n and 24 n a t i v e B r o t h e r s , a n u n h o l y t r i n i t y , i m p e r i a l i s m , a n d 212 E u r o p e a n and 200 n a t i v e Sisters. (N.C.W.C.) "If o u r onlyjhppe w e r e t o r e d r a w t h e m a p of E u r o p e , p e a c e would be an unattainable U t o p i a / ' Dr. Moon said in a second l e c t u r e a t the I n s t i t u t e .

SHORTAGE

W a s h i n g t o n . — A u b r e y Williams, E x e c u t i v e Director of t h e National Y o u t h A d m i n i s t r a t i o n , add r e s s i n g t h e Y o u t h I n s t i t u t e here t h i s week a t t h e National Catholic School of Social Service, sponsored by t h e N.C.W.C. told t h e Ins t i t u t e t h a t h e h a s " a v e r y deep r e s p e c t " for t h e work of Catholic g r o u p s in dealing with problems of t h e leisure side of life, saying t h a t "Catholic groups a r e usually p r e t t y wise a n d p r e t t y intelligent" in m e e t i n g t h e s e problems. " I do not k n o w how sweeping y o u r work! h a s become," he continued. "You; probably h a v e a g r e a t m a n y very] fine a r r a n g e m e n t s , which I hope; can be co-ordinated, and p e r h a p s a s s i s t e d b y t h e t h i n g s w e m a v be able t o do." F a m i l y Comes F i r s t . In t h e concentration of t h e powers of G o v e r n m e n t for t h e alleviation of conditions caused by t h e depression, Mr. Williams said, " w e h a v e h a d t o t a k e c a r e of t h e f a m i l y — h a v e always said t h a t thej family came first in m a t t e r s of re-i lief." " T h a t m e a n t , " h e added, " t h e v e r y y o u n g and p a r e n t s got considerable help, a n d in between, despite o u r s y m p a t h i e s , t h e r e were v e r y m a n y w h o got v e r y little. The family h a s been m a i n t a i n e d in America, b u t t h i s p a r t i c u l a r p a r t of it h a d probably suffered m o s t — t h e boys b e t w e e n 16 a n d 20 y e a r s of a g e . T h e girls have n o t suffer-, ed so calamitously. T h e y have been able t o s t a y w i t h i n t h e confines of t h e h o m e s . " M r . Williams declared t h a t t h e 700,000 y o u t h s r e p o r t e d to be r o a m i n g a b o u t t h e c o u n t r y , "simply do not exist." H e said t h a t t h e y h a v e h a d only 56,000 y o u t h s come to t h e g o v e r n m e n t agencies; for s h e l t e r and care t h r o u g h o u t ; t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s . Of t h i s num-i b e r h e e s t i m a t e d t h a t 1,200 toj 1,400 w e r e girls. A m o n g some of t h e t h i n g s in which t h e National Y o u t h Adm i n i s t r a t i o n is interested, Mr. Will i a m s listed continuation of t h e w o r k done b y t h e National Comm i t t e e on Apprenticeships under t h e N.R.A. codes; provision of | w o r k p r o j e c t s from w h i c h y o u t h s can benefit, including t h e develop- | m e n t of y o u t h centers which will j e m b r a c e athletic, hotel, clubroom a n d social facilities; education, including t h e extension of student aid t o 125,000 college y o u t h s t h i s y e a r a s compared w i t h 100.000 l a s t y e a r , a n d t h e i n a u g u r a t i o n of a similar project for high school s t u d e n t aid, and vocational guidance. Contribution of Y o u t h . Declaring t h a t he is t h i n k i n g in t e r m s of people, r a t h e r t h a n instit u t i o n s ^ Mr. Williams said t h a t "if we a r e . g o i n g t o do t h i n g s w o r t h while, it is going t o , b e because we a r e able to b r i n g t o g e t h e r people w h o haVe something t o contribute, j a n d t h e capacity to c o n t r i b u t e . " W e ' r e t r y i n g , " h e added, "to g e t y o u n g people into a position of economic and social s e c u r i t y . We'll probably h a v e to give t h e m some a s i s t a n c e and some guidance, b u t each y o u t h m u s t c o n t r i b u t e t h a t final s o m e t h i n g t h a t will m a k e for t h e i r social and economic security. I know w e can expect and will r e ceive from you every possible a s sistance. W e ' r e going t o t r y t o

-Then I began Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, and after taking only six boxes I am now as well and strong as ever/' For climatic reasons Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are sold throughout the Far East in hermetically sealed jrlass bottles. Of chemists everywhere.

M O R E F R E E D O M F O R CHRIST I A N S IN TRAVANCORE. C h a n g a n a c h e r r y , ( S o u t h India). — A r e c e n t decision of t h e Travancore H i g h C o u r t t o t h e effect that c e m e t e r i e s m a y be established w i t h o u t t h e previous sanction of t h e G o v e r n m e n t h a s been secured for C h r i s t i a n i n h a b i t a n t s of that s t a t e a liberty in burying their dead h i t h e r t o n o t enjoyed. The decision is considered another step in t h e C h r i s t i a n emancipation of Hindu India. T h o u g h C h r i s t i a n s and Hindus h a v e been living side by side in I n d i a for c e n t u r i e s , and although C h r i s t i a n places of worship have at t i m e s been erected near Hindu temples, a R o y a l Proclamation prom u l g a t e d in t h e N a t i v e State of T r a v a n c o r e a b o u t 1829, t h e year of Catholic E m a n c i p a t i o n in Great B r i t a i n , decreed t h e erection of places of public worship to be illegal u n l e s s t h e previous approval of t h e G o v e r n m e n t h a d been secur e d . T h i s decree w a s later interp r e t e d t o include cemeteries. A r e c e n t d i s p u t e over a burial place in Tiruvella ended in the T r a v a n c o r e H i g h Court. The Catholic p a r i s h p r i e s t w a s called to defend h i s case, a n d t h e absurdity of t h e c o n t e n t i o n t h a t cemeteries a r e places of public worship was b r o u g h t h o m e t o t h e H i g h Court so convincingly t h a t t h e judges were u n a n i m o u s in deciding t h e case in f a v o u r of t h e defence(Fides). F E A S T O F ' T H E BAGANDA MARTYRS.'

K A M P A L A — ( U g a n d a , ) .—More t h a n 2,000 p e r s o n s gathered at N a m u g o n g o , U g a n d a , J u n e 30 t o c e l e b r a t e t h e feast of the B a g a n d a M a r t y r s . T h e occasion t h i s y e a r w a s of special interest because a Solemn H i g h Mass was celebrated b y t h r e e newly ordained A f r i c a n p r i e s t s of t h e same race a s t h e m a r t y r s . A sermon in L u g a n d a w a s preached by one of t h e y o u n g p r i e s t s . Twenty-two Christians were p u t t o d e a t h a t Namugongo June 3, 1880, s o m e of them being mere children. Most of them were b u r n t t o d e a t h in one big bonfire. T h e i r v e n e r a t i o n w a s approved by t h e C h u r c h in 1912, and on June 6, 1920 they were declared Blessed. ( F i d e s ) j

1

(The Youthftd Martyrs referred to uere the pages of the African Ruler and preferred to face death than renounce their faith)

c o n t r i b u t e t h a t small d.ffe.ence b e t w e e n w h a t you need and w » you h a v e now. How can join ou forces w i t h y o u r s ? "


MALAYA

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C A T H O L I C S IN

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14th September, 1935.

15

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NOTES THE

LIMELIGHT.

( B y O u r Own Correspondent.)

BADMINTON.

BOXING.

AL CANTE OUTCLASSED. Vr E. J. VASS TO CONTINUE IN Al Cante, victor of more than 150 THE GAME. fights, was out classed by Aide at the New World Stadium last Friday. Malayan Badminton fans who were He was also disqualified in the 8th recently somewhat perturbed at the round for fouling. new? that Mr. E. J. Vass, of the Diehard | Montanes outpointed Amino. Badminton Party was retiring from the Pablo Nerva, an old pupil of St. same and would not in consequence be Joseph's, Singapore, beat Joe Summers available for the State team for inter in a very thrilling fight. state matches will now be pleased to hear that yielding to the entreaties of his * * * * * * friends he has finally decided on continuLOCAL BOUTS. ing to play Badminton at least for this Young Frisco, the Phillipino boxing year. He will not only be singles player star, will have met Gunboat Jack No. 1 for his party which has entered for by the time these notes will be read, for the Singapore Badminton Association the Middleweight Chamoionship title of Inter Club Championship but will also the Orient. On the 19th instant Frisco be available to take part in the forth leaves for Manila where he intends setcoming inter state matches with Selangor tling some family affairs and then he aid Perak towards the end of the year. will proceed to Australia where he hopes to make good in the ring. Should the Gunboat defeat him howCRICKET. ever his plans may be shattered, but the young challenger is quite confident of success, and is the big favourite. May SELANGOR RANGERS WIN STONOR the better man win! SHIELD.' * * * * The Selangor Rangers have won the Ventura Marauez, from Mexico, will STOXOR Cricket Shield by defeating j be meeting, Webber of Penang in the the Selangor Indians by 8 wickets last j featherweight class, and is expected to Saturday. do very well here in Singapore. The Indians made 48 in their first The public is lucky indeed to be able innings and 65 in their second, in spite to see so much talent of late. Catholics of having the redoubtable Lall Singh in can be proud of the fact that most of the their team. best boxers in the world at present and The Rangers replied with 57 and 57 in the past are and have been members for 2. of the Catholic Church. Lawrence de Silva. hero of the recent \ * * * * - * * F.M.S.—Colony cricket game, captured j KUALA LUMPUR. 6 wickets for 20 runs, and later 5 for 26. An Amateur Boxing Contest is proA. N. Shepherds also took 3 for 11. posed to be held in Kuala Lumpur, on Clement de Silva, his cousin, scored Friday, 4th. October 1935—all weights— 25 not out. Well done the Rangers. and those who would like to participate in the Contest should communicate with * * • * * * Mr. Walter. Gideon c/o W. de Rozario, WEARNE BROS. BEAT Y.M.C.A. P.O. Box No. 367. Kuala Lumpur, for Wearne Brothers scored another credientry forms etc. A percentage of the table win at cricket on Saturday against nett proceeds is promised to the Selangor the Y.M.C.A. Junior Department, thanks Jubilee Fund, and it is hoped that many in large measure to L. Sullivan's 30, and Amateur Boxers will turn up for this competition. It is the duty of every the bowling of Sullivan and Milne. Amateur boxer to strive for the better* * * * * * ment of the Amateur Boxing and in this TURN BULL IN SPLENDID FORM. way benefit himself. Maurice Turnbull, Glamorgan's Ca- j * * * * * * tholic Cricket Skipper, was in Merry | BRADDOCK'S INTERESTING Mood against somerset recently. CAREER. The first three balls that he received I James Braddock, continuing to describe from J. C. White, an England bowler of his boxing Career in the Sunday a few seasons back, were hit for succesChronicle, declares that he had to borrow sive sixes a most creditable performance £20 in order to meet Camera's sparring indeed. partner,.Briffin, exactly 12 months and a

Dl/TRIBUTOR/

TIGER B E E R FRA/Eftfr Fit AVE |»

day before he won the world championship. The fight was actually preliminary to the main attraction—the Camera—Baer battle. No one seemed to notice Braddock or G:ifnn till the former floored his opponent in the second round for the count of 9 and repeated the success twice fn the third round, when the refree stopped the fight. The winner received £50 only. Braddock was then matched with a Negro, John Henry Lewis, whom he defeated. This victory brought in £150. Ait Lasky was his next opponent and Braddock beat him easily. As a matter of fact he says that Lasky did not hurt him once. The purse he netted was £800. Out of this he paid back the amount he had drawn- in unemployment relief. Not long afterwards Braddock signed to meet Max Baer. The promoter, wanted to see Baer beaten because He considered him to be "the worst champici we've ever had." He seemed sure of Braddock beating him easily. Baer has been an unpopular champion in America. This was how Braddock spent his time while training for the world championship contest. 7 a.m. Reveille. Brush teeth and rinse eyes with cold water. Drink a glass of hot water and lemon. 7.30 a.m. Five miles of hard road work paced by trainer. 8.30 a.m. Bath, first hot and then cold, 15 minutes, followed by a rub down. 9.30. a.m. Breakfast. Orange juice, cereal, ham or bacon, eggs, | toast, and coffee or tea. :

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10.45 a.m. Long, quiet stroll alone along country roads. 12.50 p.m. Light lunch, soup and a cup of tea. 1.10 Another walk. 1.45 A nap. 3. In ring togs. Punching the light bag, shadow boxing, sparring six or eight rounds, some physical jerks, followed by shower and rub down. 4.30 Leisure. 5.15 A big meal, beginning with celery, spring oions, lettuce, tomato, a small dish of pineapple, either steak or chops, peas green beans asparagus, fine Slices of toast, two large glasses of milk, and a cup of coffee. 5.55 Another country stroll. 6.55 A film in the hotel. 8.30 Reading, talking, listening to the radio, or joining in a sing song. 10. Sharp—Bed. In a week of such training Braddock reduced from 210 to 203 pounds. Some ring experts say that the new champion left-handed Baer out of the .title as decisively as Tunney did Dempsey. One day while training, not long before the battle for the crown while tossing the medicine ball, he was injured very severely and the doctor found "a deep indurated swelling, over the region of the 8th and 9th ribs in the mid axillary line on the left side." It hurt very much. Just one week before meeting Baer Braddock had a bad left rib, but would not postpone the contest. (From

The

Sunday

Chronicle)


MALAYA

16

CATHOLIC LEADER, S A T U R D A Y ,

14th September, 1986.

INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT THE HOME OF THOMAS a' KEMP1S. PRESERVED IN MADRID MONASTERY. SKILLS OF SS. COSMAS AND DAMIAN. BY

REV. MANUEL

GRANA.

(Madrid Correspondent, N.C.W.C. N e w s Service). Miuirid.—The a u t h e n t i c skulls in t h e M o n a s t e r y of t h e Descalzas of t h e A r a b p h y s i c i a n s , S S . Cosmas R e a l e s . a n d Damian, a r e in t h e M o n a s t e r y T h e n o t a r i a l a c t of t h i s investiof t h e Descalzas R e a l e s (Clarissas) g a t i o n h a s been published in facsiof Madrid. D r s . G r i n d a a n d San- m i l e b y D r . G r i n d a w h o is p h y s i chez d e R i v e r a , Catholic p h y s i - c i a n of t h e convent. H e commuc i a n s , h a v e g i v e n b e f o r e a n a s - n i c a t e d h i s discovery t o D r . S a n s e m b l y of t h e B r o t h e r s of S S . c h e z de R i v e r a a n d Dr. B a r r a d a s C o s m a s a n d D a m i a n , a n associa- w h o verified t h e discovery. The t i o n of C a t h o l i c p h y s i c i a n s and t w o skulls w e r e in a small c h e s t p h a r m a c i s t s , a c o m p l e t e a n d docu- a n d a g r e e d w i t h t h e specifications of t h e d o c u m e n t s . They took m e n t e d r e p o r t of t h e i r investigat i o n s i n t h e M o n a s t e r y ' s Reliquary. m e a s u r e m e n t s , m a d e p h o t o g r a p h s A b o u t 1,300 m e m b e r s a t t e n d e d this a n d consulted o t h e r d o c u m e n t s a n d everything attested the authentim e e t i n g held a t Valencia. c i t y of t h e relics. T h e B r o t h e r s of S S . C o s m a s and T h i s discovery is of u t m o s t i n D a m i a n a r e o r g a n i z e d in several cities of S p a i n . N e w g r o u p s a r e t e r e s t t o S p a n i s h physicians. Until b e i n g f o r m e d a n d t h e organiza- n o w i t w a s t h o u g h t t h a t t h e skulls t i o n of a N a t i o n a l Confederation is of t h e p a t r o n S a i n t s of physicians w e r e a t Munich. T h e Greek i n s under consideration. T h e d o c u m e n t s , p h o t o g r a p h s and criptions on t h e silver b a n d s which ocular i n v e s t i g a t i o n s of t h e Mad- encircle t h e skulls a r e declared t o The r i d doctors c a u s e d g r e a t s u r p r i s e leave no room for doubt. a t t h e m e e t i n g a n d occasioned a d o c u m e n t s a r e convincing. g r e a t celebration. Medical Societies in Spain. Medical societies b e a r i n g t h e M a r t y r e d i n Cilicia. n a m e s of S S . C o s m a s a n d D a m i a n T h e skulls of S S . C o s m a s and h a v e long existed i n Spain. Fallen i n t o decay in t h e l a s t century, t h e y D a m i a n , w h o suffered m a r t y r d o m a t A e g e a in Cilicia i n 287, accord- h a v e t a k e n on n e w life in t h i s . i n g t o t h e B o l l a n d i s t a s , were taken N a t u r a l l y t h o s e of Madrid a n d flourisht o Munich a n d Dlaced in t h e J e s u i t Barcelona a r e t h e m o s t C h u r c h of S t . Michael. F r o m the ing. M e m b e r s of t h e B r o t h e r s of SS. t i m e of e i t h e r S t . G r e g o r y V I I or of F e l i x I V , t h e relics w e r e p r e - C o s m a s a n d D a m i a n a r e inspired s e r v e d a t R o m e i n t h e basilica in t h e exercise of t h e i r profession constructed e x p r e s s l y f o r t h i s by holy love of n e i g h b o u r a n d t h e y p u r p o s e b y t h e l a t t e r Pontiff. s t r i v e t o p r o m o t e t h e professional a n d moral i n t e r e s t s of t h e i r a s s o Bishop Adaldago brought t h e heads t o Bremen, t h e Emperor ciates. S t . H e n r y l a t e r r e m o v e d t h e m to A s t h e r e s u l t of t h e e n t h u s i a s m B a m b e r g a n d f r o m t h e r e t h e y w e r e caused b y t h e discovery of t h e taken to Munich. relics of S S . C o s m a s a n d Damian, T h e d o c u m e n t s s t u d i e d a n d \ a series of f e s t i v a l s will be held copied b y D r . G r i n d a s h o w t h a t in w h i c h will h a v e i n t e r n a t i o n a l i n terest. T h e ancient Monastery 1581 t h e E m p r e s s M a r i a , widow of of t h e Descalzas Reales will b e t h e Maximilian I t a n d d a u g h t e r of Carlos V, b r o u g h t t h e s e and other object of p i l g r i m a g e s a n d s t u d i e s .relics t o M a d r i d . A t first i t was b y physicians from all over E u r o p e . T h e casket in w h i c h t h e precious believed t h a t t h e s e w e r e relics of relics a r e p r e s e r v e d is of s t r o n g t h e Eleven T h o u s a n d V i r g i n s of Cologne. H o w e v e r D o n n a Maria, wood reinforced w i t h silver corn e r s a n d b a n d s of t h e s a m e m e t a l . d a u g h t e r of t h e E m p r e s s , ordered a n i n v e s t i g a t i o n b e m a d e b y eccle- T h e skulls a r e w r a p p e d in embroid e r e d d a m a s k , a n d r e s t on a fine siastical a n d civil a u t h o r i t i e s of cushion of silk a n d silver brocade. tiie relics w h i c h h a d b e e n placed CHINA'A FLOOD A R E A . American a n d Irish Missionaries in t h e centre. Hankow, (Hupeh, China) — The B u r e a u of P u b l i c S a f e t y a t H a n kow e s t i m a t e s a t 200,000 t h e n u m b e r of lives l o s t in t h e flooded a r e a of H u p e h P r o v i n c e . T h e w a t e r level of t h e Y a n g t s z e R i v e r h a s been falling s t e a d i l y , a n d i t is now possible t o m a k e a s u r v e y of t h e loss of life a n d d a m a g e t o property. A t least 7 0 p e r cent, of t h e P r o vince is u n d e r w a t e r , a n d 221,000 p e r s o n s a r e h o m e l e s s . More t h a n 125,000 r e f u g e e s h a v e been herded into Wuchang and Hanyang, t h e f o r m e r a m i s s i o n a r y c e n t r e of t h e A m e r i c a n P r o v i n c e of t h e F r a n c i s cans, and t h e latter t h e central s t a t i o n of t h e S t . Columban F a t h e r s . M a n y t h o u s a n d s a r e also h a r b o u r e d in H a n k o w w h e r e t h e r e is a well developed m i s s i o n a r v o r ganization under t h e Italian F r a n ciscans. F o u r y e a r s a g o w h e n t h e people of t h i s r e g i o n w e r e suffering from t h e i n r o a d s of b a n d i t s a n d t h e d e v a s t a t i o n of floods. Catholic missionaries sheltered thousands of r e f u g e e s . Since t h a t t i m e t h e people h a v e b e e n c o m i n g into t h e C h u r c h in l a r g e n u m b e r s . ( F i d e s ) .

A N C I E N T CITY O F TANGANYKA. Ministered b y A m e r i c a n Holy Ghost F a t h e r s . Nairobi ( B r i t i s h E a s t Africa) — T h e ancient c i t y which h a s been discovered n e a r N g u r u k a , in T a n g a n y i k a T e r r i t o r y , is w i t h i n t h e b o u n d s of t h e V i c a r i a t e Apostolic of K i l i m a n j a r o , a mission e n t r u s t ed t o t h e A m e r i c a n Province of t h e Congregation of t h e Holy Ghost. Bishop Joseph Byrne, f o r m e r l y h e a d of t h e s e m i n a r y a t F e r n d a l e , Connecticut, is t h e s u p e r i o r of t h e mission. T h e city is n o t m o r e t h a n five c e n t u r i e s old a n d w a s probably inh a b i t e d b y a n advanced African t r i b e , according t o t h e description given by C o m m a n d e r Nino del G r a n d e w h o h a s visited t h e r u i n s . T h e City is f o u r a n d a half miles long b y one a n d a half wide, cons t r u c t e d t e r r a c e w i s e on a s t e e p slope k n o w n a s t h e G r e a t Rift Wall. T h e r e are" r e m a i n s of about 4,000 houses w i t h s t o n e walls four feet thick. Bishop B y r n e s a y s t h a t t h e r e p o r t e d s i t e i s in a b a r e plain, wild a n d s a n d y all a r o u n d . A n a t i v e t r i b e , t h e W a m b u l u , living a b o u t 50 miles from t h e spot, a r e said t o be descended from t h e i n h a b i t a n t s of t h e a n c i e n t city. ( F i d e s ) .

AUTHOR OF THE IMITATION OF CHRIST. (By A. V. M. ARTHUR, B.A.) When one realises, or attempts to man? Again, who can tell? Leaving the tomb, the monument and realise, the extraordinary popularity of the "Imitation of Christ," book ranked pictures, and seeking out the actual place for centuries as only next in appeal to where he dwelt, one is at first filled with the Bible itself, and which has been a certain measure of disappointment, translated into almost all known langua- for a "Reformation" which destroyed so ges, one marvels at the small number many religious houses in Holland long: of visitors to Holland who seek out the ago, was responsible also for the destrucscene of Thomas a Kempis' labours at jtion of the home of Thomas and his Arnichem, where he spent his days in 'peaceful brethren. the monastery of St. Anges among the Strange to think of such fierce hatred "Poor Brethren of the Brotherhood of in an atmosphere which still breathes Common Life." peace! For now one has left the dear The town of Zwolle, where his body old town behind, has passed along old lies, is somewhat off the beaten track, jroads and by canals, passed three old and the fact that the Church was unable windmills and trodden a road shaded on to number him among her canonized either side by trees, crossed a bridge and saints may account in some measure for gone through fields, by a cemetery, and the fact that few save local lovers of his : t last reached the path which leads to work visit his tomb in the Church of St. ithe Agnietenberg itself. And here in Michael in that peaceful old town. ithe midst of ploughed fields, one finds Learned men may strive to prove to [ } t is little more than a mound at the us that the question of the authorship of jcrest of a very modest hill, a mound the "Imitation" is fraught with doubt, ; surrounded by so inoffensive a barbed but in the country round the Agnieten- wiro fence that one can pass through berg, where he dwelt and laboured, the L^th ease, and surmounted by a simple people cling to the belief that the author 'monument bearing the words:— was surely their Thomas, who has been Here lived Thomas a Kempis in the honoured and loved there. A striking service of the Lord and wrote his "Folmonument over his tomb represents lowing of Christ." Thomas kneeling by the road which Simple, yet eloquent. Simple as his leads to Calvary, offering to Ovr Lord the book which has helped so many the works and his teaching. One can picwide world over to bear their cross also ture him sitting here five hundred years ™ > with just such a view of and follow after Him. A woman, representing Mother Church, stands near by, £ * , and ploughed fields, among the sorrowing in the Master's sorrow and Brothers whom he loved. One can alapproving the gift. ™ *»? voice as he reads a^oud to One wonders if perhaps, in his great jthem from his chapter "Or. the Wonderhumility, the writer had wished so to N P ^ t f Divine Love. A wondsr» ' ^ V °° f i7 offer all his works solely to his D i m e M Master, and to refuse the glory, even of l*>r love alone makes every burden light, being known among men as a saint, even >and endures with calmness all the roughof being the undisputed author of the | °* world. For it bears a burden srift he so humblv and lovingly offers. | t b o u t being burdened, and makes all Whc can tell? "He that has true and ! Mtter, sweet and delicious perfect charity," he wrote, "seeks him- l a t h i n g is sweeter than love, nothing self in nothing, but wishes only to work j stronger, nothing loftier, nothing wider, out the glory of God in everything." nothing pleasanter nothing richer or A picture on the wall of the council ihetter, in heaven or on earth because chamber in the government offices shows $ * °f > ! * * him seated among his brethren offering j £ > a * created things." to them first of all the wisdom which j And lest one should feel a tinge of was later to be made known to all who sadness to think of them now long dead wish to read it, and another picture— jand their beloved home destroyed, one this one very old, shows him seated along jturns away end crosses the littfe ferry on the Agnietenberg (only in level ;but a few yards away, on the other side Holland could this be called a hill!) |of which one may see another h a b i t writing on his tablets. This picture the white and black robe of St. Dominic, was restored at the expense of one for the Dominican Fathers of Zwolle Paster Arnoldus, who had a potrait of T i a v e ^ n recent years established a rest hin^elf, preaching from his pulpit, house at a peaceful farm by the stream, painted in a corner of the original pic- One must ever after connect the neighture. Vanity, perhaps? Or was it that, Ix-urhood with Peace, and the very his picture being on a very small scale, atmosphere seems still to hold the he wished to show himself as a humble happiness of the Brethren who lived exponent of the teachings of the greater there long ago. a

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TROPICAL MEDICINE FOR CATHOLIC MISSIONARIES. Seventy-two a t t e n d Course.

Summer

Dublin — Seventy-two missionaries, r e p r e s e n t i n g 12 religious institutes, attended the Summer Course in Tropical Medicine for Catholic Missionaries which h a s j u s t come t o close a t U n i v e r s i t y College, Dublin. T h e course w a s organized b y t h e Irish B r a n c h of t h e Pontifical Asociation for t h e P r o p a g a t i o n of t h e F a i t h . Most of t h e lecturers lived in tropical c o u n t r i e s for m a n y y e a r s , and t h e i r conferences were based on personal first-hand experience. T h e s u b j e c t s w e r e practically t h e same a s t h o s e t r e a t e d a t similar courses held in recent y e a r s a t Louvain, W u r z b u r g , Lille, P a r m a , Rotterdam, Fribourg, Washington and P a r i s . (Fides) MR. H E R S H E Y G I V E S $20,000 TO C A T H O L I C C H U R C H . On Independence D a y Mr. H e r shey, t h e * multi-millionaire C a n d y m a n u f a c t u r e r m a d e a gift of 820,000 t o t h e Catholic C h u r c h a t H e r s h e y , U.S.A. T h e gift w a s m a d e t o free t h e church of indebtedness.

| j ; i I \

| j j j

A SYMBOL ft is difficult to express the reverent Jove w e feel for those w h o are gone. A funeral here and a Symbol of remembrance aid and comfort the bereaved.

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MALAYA CATHOLIC LEADER,

SATURDAY, 14th September, 1935.

17

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SIR

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J a m e s J o s e p h (Gene) T u n n e y , the worlds' champion heavy weight b o x e r w h o defeated J a c k Dempsey t w i c e a n d t h e n r e t i r e d is in t h e Phillipines on holiday. He became, D e m s e y ' s c o n q u e r o r by s t u d y i n g t h e films of D e m p sey's fights a n d t h u s p r e p a r e d a scheme of b a t t l e of h i s own w h i c h succeeded a d m i r a b l y . T u n n e y h a d a g r e a t left h a n d in his fighting d a y s . T o d a y b e is 37 years of a g e a n d still in t h e p i n k of condition. He w e i g h s 195 pounds a n d is a very keen j u d g e of boxing. B u t he does n o t r e g r e t h a v i n g g i v e n up t h e r i n g f o r h i s chief i n t e r e s t s now a r e h i s f a m i l y a n d b u s i n e s s . Gene h a s t w o sons, Gene a n d J o h n .

Sir Aldo Castellani g r e a t e s t tropical physician, a n d head of t h e London Hospital for Tropical Diseases, is proceeding t o Italian Somaliland t o t a k e c h a r g e of t h e h e a l t h o r g a n i s a t i o n of t h e Italian forces t h e r e . H i s d a u g h t e r is t h e wife of S i r Miles L a m p s o n , British H i g h Commissioner in t h e Soudan.

THE HON MR. LAI T E T LORE'S VIEWS ON EDUCATION. The H o n . M r . L a i T e t Loke unofficial m e m b e r of t h e Selangor S t a t e Council, a t l a s t week's m e e t ing, made a s t r o n g appeal*for m o r e facilities f o r p r i m a r y education. He stated t h a t " p r i m a r y education Trade must s t a n d a h e a d of Schools." H e w a s a g a i n s t t h e ent r u s t i n g of t h e Maxwell R o a d School a f W i t s closing down t o " a party of" s l u m p superannuated teachers will b e a m i s t a k e . " OUR C O N G R A T U L A T I O N S TO H.H. T H E S U L T A N O F SELANGORThe M a l a y a Catholic L e a d e r tenders t o H i s H i g h n e s s t h e S u l t a n of Selangor v e r y h a p p y B i r t h d a y greetings. T h i s enlightened prince is now 7 2 y e a r s of a g e b u t in splendid h e a l t h . In Selangor m a n y t h o u s a n d s of his subjects a r e Catholics. LOST

EXPLORER

MRS.

E. MINJOOT ADMITTED TO H O S P I T A L .

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J.

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SANTA

MARIA I

E N T E R T A I N E D BY E U R A S I A N ASSOCIATION.

MARRIAGES. CAESAR—CHANCE. A m a r r i a g e h a s been a r r a n g e d between C a p t a i n Julius H. C a e s a r . M.C., of t h e S h r o p s h i r e L i g h t I n f a n t r y , P r i v a t e Secretary t o H i s Excellency t h e Governor of t h e Central Provinces of Ind .a, S o n of t h e late D r . Julius Cae^ar F.R.C.S. I. and E l i z a b e t h , t h i r d d a u g h t e r of t h e late S i r A r t h u r Chance a n d of Lady Chance. Malayans m a y still r e m e m b e r Dr. Chance formerly of t h e Malayan Medical Service, w h o is a b r o t h e r of t h e bride.

Mr. J . R. S a n t a Maria, of t h e N e g r i Sembilan Secretariat, w a s e n t e r t a i n e d on S e p t e m b e r 7 t h j CROSS MARKS PLACE OF by t h e N . S. E u r a s i a n Association j TRAGIC ACCIDENT. a t t h e S t . P a u l ' s Old Boys Club, J in honour of his h a v i n g been T h e a u t h o r i t i e s of K u e s s n a c h t , awarded t h e Jubilee Medal. Switzerland w h e r e Queen Astrid j T h e C h a i r w a s t a k e n b y Mr. A. j w a s killed, h a v e e r e c t e d a Cross at i G- Lopez. t h e place w h e r e t h e accident occurred. R e p r e s e n t a t i v e s from t h e j DOMINICAN N U N S T R A I N . Government h a v e deposited wreaUNEMPLOYED GIRLS. t h s a t t h e foot of t h e Cross. * * * * * T h e r i g h t side of t h e K i n g ' s car j WILIAMS—OLLERDESSEN. The Government, expressing is completely d e s t r o y e d a n d t h e ! t h e i r satisfaction w i t h t h e work, s t e e r i n g wheel badly d a m a g e d . h a v e sanctioned t h e c o n t i n u a n c e On S e p t e m b e r 6 t h a t t h e C a t h e for a n o t h e r y e a r of t h e g r a n t dral of t h e Good Shenherd. SingaH O N . MR. C. C. B R O W N T O m a d e t o S t . M a r y ' s T r a i n i n g C e n t r e pore, Mr. E r i c Llewellyn Williams PROCEED ON HOME LEAVE. A t t h i s C e n t r e Dominican n u n s of R e n f r e w s h i r e , Scotland, w a s give free t r a i n i n g t o unemployed m a r r i e d t o Miss Maude OllerdesT h e Hon. M r . C. C. Brown, girls. B o a r d a n d lodging a r e also sen, of S h a n g h a i , China. B r i t i s h Resident of P a h a n g , h a s provided free and t h e girls a r e Rev. F a t h e r M a u r y officiated. * * * • * been g r a n t e d special leave on ur- even given pocket-money. g e n t p r i v a t e affairs a n d will proW I L B Y — d e SOUZA More, t h a n 1006 girls h a v e succeed h o m e soon. St. cessfully passed through M a r y ' s a n d h a v e been placed in T h e m a r r i a g e took place a t S t . DEATH O F DR. EDMUND domestic employment, Saviour's Coalville, England l a s t GARDNER. for Domestic W o r k e r s , London. m o n t h of Miss N e s t a A g n e s d e Souza, only d a u g h t e r of D r . a n d Dr. E d m u n d G a r d n e r , Professor A R E C E N T CONVERT. Mrs. H . C. de Souza of Huecrlesof Italian in t h e U n i v e r s i t y of cote, a n d Mr. F . Kenneth Wilby, London, from 1923 t o 1934, a n d in A very distinguished recent only son of Mr. a n d Mrs. Wilby o f t h e U n i v e r s i t y of M a n c h e s t e r be- convert is Mr. R. D. LafFan, Fellow j Leicester. T h e Bishop of N o t t i n g fore t h a t , died in London a t t h e and T u t o r of Queen's College, h a m officiated a n d t h e Papal Blesa g e of 66. Cambridge. s i n g w a s given. !

;

;

;

1

LOCATED.

Rev. F a t h e r P a t r i c k Molloy, a Catholic M i s s i o n a r y in Brazil, a s serts t h a t Col. P e r c y F a w c e t t , t h e 68 year old B r i t i s h explorer, w h o has been lost f o r 10 y e a r s in B r a z i lian j u n g l e s , w a s in t h e Zinqui River district, n o r t h of t h e Cordillears, b e t w e e n t h e Amazon a n d j Parana r i v e r s . H e also declared that t h e m i s s i n g explorer will r e turn t o civilisation w i t h i n six months. CATHOLIC C O M E D I A N ' S W I L L . Mr. George G r o s s m i t h , t h e 6 1 year old Catholic Comedian, w h o died recently left e s t a t e valued a t £14,945. In his will h e s t a t e d " I d e s i r e that a doctor m a k e absolute a s s u rance t h a t d e a t h h a s t a k e n place, ar.d t h a t I b e b u r i e d according t o tho rites of t h e Catholic C h u r c h . May God forgive m y s i n s . " He left all h i s p r o p e r t y , t o h i s wife for life, a n d t h e n half t o h i s son Georgre a n d half b e t w e e n h i s daughters E n a a n d Rosa. Grossfinth w a s o n e of t h e g r e a t e s t actors of h i s d a y .

(Photo by Messrs. Paul & Co.) A group photo of the Catholk Actionistg of the Church of Our Lady of Lourdes, Singapore, with Rev. Fr. L. Burghoffer, their spiritual director, as the central figure.


MALAYA

18

CATHOLIC L E A D E R ,

SATURDAY,

AROUND i"HE SINGAPORE,

MALACCA,

SINGAPORE

C H U R C H O F ST. J O S E P H .

C A T H E D R A L OF T H E GOOD S H E P H E R D .

Baptism. S e p t e m b e r 9 t h — Robert J o s e p h Nooh, b o r n on t h e 22nd A u g u s t , 1935, son of Appelles Nooh and of F l o r e n c e Nooh. G o d - p a r e n t s : — W i l l i a m D'Rozario a n d M a r y M a g d a l e n e de Rozario. * * * * *

P A T R O N A L F E A S T OF H. E . BISHOP A. D E V A L S . Presentation of Address b y Catholic Actionists. The Bishop's House w a s the v e n u e of a r e p r e s e n t a t i v e g a t h e r i n g on S u n d a y l a s t , 8 t h S e p t e m b e r , t h e occasion b e i n g t h e P a t r o n a l F e a s t D a y of H i s Excellency D r . A . D e v a l s , B i s h o p of Malacca. M e m b e r s of t h e Catholic A c t i o n of t h e C a t h e d r a l , " P a r i s h i o n e r s of the C a t h e d r a l a n d of t h e Katdng C h u r c h a n d M e m b e r s of t h e S i n g a p o r e C a t h o l i c Club i n c l u d i n g m a n y l a d i e s w e r e p r e s e n t t o offer cong r a t u l a t i o n s t o His Excellency. Reverend F a t h e r N. Maury and R e v e r e n d F a t h e r R. D u b o i s w e r e also p r e s e n t . T h e following A d d r e s s r e a d b y M r . W . F . Mosbergen w a s p r e s e n t e d t o H i s Excellency b y t h e M e m b e r s of t h e Catholic Action of the Cathedral. ADDRESS. To His Excellency the Right Reverend ADRIEN DEVALS, D.D. Bishop of Malacca, SINGAPORE. May It Please Your Excellency, We, the Catholic Actionists of the Cathedral of the "Good Shepherd," Singapore, respectfully beg to offer our best congratulations to Your Excellency on this your Patronal Feast Day. The inauguration of the Catholic Action in all the Parishes under your spiritual guidance is ample proof of your earnest desire to promote the welfare of the Catholics in the Diocese of Malacca. It is a tribute to your activity and zeal that we have in our midst to-day Redemptorists permanently stationed in Malaya to help in ministering: to our spiritual needs and in the Propagation of the Faith. The Parishioners of the Cathedral of the "Good Shepherd" and of the Katong Church and the Members of the Singapore Catholic Club respectfully desire to associate themselves in the greetings extended to Your Excellency on this happy day. We avail ourselves of this opportunity to express our deep sense of appreciation and gratitude for your fatherly interest in our well-being and we pray that the Almighty will pour His richest blessings on Your Excellency and grant you your heart's desires. We remain, Your Excellency's dutiful children in Christ, THE MEMBERS OF THE CATHOLIC ACTION CATHEDRAL OF THE "GOOD SHEPHERD," SINGAPORE. Singapore, 8th September, 1935.

14th September, 1935.

PARISHES

IPOH,

BATU

GAJAH.

Marriages. S e p t e m b e r 7 t h — J o h n L o n g u e , son of Michael E d w a r d L o n g u e and of F r e d e r i c a Pereira, t o Alice Sudin, d a u g h t e r of J o h n Sudin a n d of D o r o t h y Sudin. S e p t e m b e r 11th — Harold Cyril Monteiro, son of H e n r y Mont e i r o a n d of Maria do Rozario, to V i r g i n i a Longue, d a u g h t e r of J o h n L o n g u e and of Alice Sudhi. CHURCH

O F ST.

TERESA.

N e v e n a in h o n o u r of P a t r o n Saint. T h e N o v e n a will commence on t h e 2 8 t h of September. F r o m t h a t d a y till t h e 5 t h of October t h e r e will be special services in t h e above Church. In the morning t h e N o v e n a M a s s e s will begin a t 7 a.m. a f t e r w h i c h Novena p r a y e r s will b e recited. Novena leaflets will be d i s t r i b u t e d . In t h e evening a t 5.15 p . m . t h e r e will be Benediction of t h e Blessed S a c r a m e n t preceded by a s e r m o n a n d Novena p r a y e r s . On t h e 2 8 t h , 29th, 30th of S e p t e m b e r t h e s e r m o n s will b e in Tamil by the Reverend Father L. Burghoffer. On t h e 1st 2nd, 3rd of October t h e sermons will b e in E n g l i s h b y t h e Reverend F a t h e r B r e n n a n , C.SS.R. On t h e 4 t h and 5 t h of October t h e s e r m o n s will be in Chinese. On t h e 6th of October, t h e Solemnity of Saint T e r e s a a n d p a t r o n a l f e a s t of t h e C h u r c h t h e r e will b e Pontifical H i g h M a s s by H i s Excellency Bishop A . Devals. T h e n r o s e s will be blessed a n d dist r i b u t e d . In t h e evening a t 5 p.m. t h e S a c r a m e n t of Cinfirmation will b e a d m i n i s t e r e d by His L o r d s h i p . ! D u r i n g t h e procession t h e s t a t u e of S t . T e r e s a will be b o r n e round t h e C h u r c h and Solemn Benediction will end t h e Novena. T h e N o v e n a Masses can b e applied t o individual intentions on application. P e t i t i o n s can also be sent in d u r i n g t h e Novena a n d t h e y will b e placed a t t h e f e e t of t h e S t a t u e a t t h e main A l t a r . All covered offerings will b e s e t aside for the construction of the Carmelite Convent on Bukit Teresa. Special h y m n s in h o n o u r of t h e S a i n t will be s u n g in L a t i n and E r g l i s h d u r i n g t h e Procession. All Clients of Saint Teresa a r e r e q u e s t ed t o join. F o r t h i s p u r p o s e a p r a c t i c e will be held e v e r y S u n d a y a f t e r Mass.

H i s Excellency r e p l y i n g t h a n k e d t h o s e p r e s e n t for their good wishes. H e was pleased t o say t h a t t h e Catholic A c t i o n i s t s of M a l a y a h a v e done v e r y good work. I n connection w i t h t h e P r o p a g a t i o n of t h e F a i t h H i s E x C H U R C H O F OUR L A D Y cellency said, t h a t in t h e Diocese OF LOURDES. of Malacca t h e r e w e r e m o r e Bapt i s m s d u r i n g t h e p a s t y e a r t h a n in a n y p r e v i o u s year. Baptism. H e h a d invited t h e R e d e m p t o r i s t s A l o y s i u s : — b o r n on W e d n e s d a y t o co-operate w i t h t h e clergy of t h e Diocese in t h e i r w o r k and t h e 2 8 t h A u g u s t , 1935, second son s t a t e d t h a t h e h a s in h a n d under- of Mr. & M r s . S. D o u r a i s a m y . t a k i n g s of o t h e r Catholic o r g a n i s - B a p t i s e d a t t h e Cathedral of t h e Good S h e p h e r d by Rev. F r . R. ations for the near future. Dubois on Monday 9th S e p t e m b e r T h e function concluded with j God-parents Mr. & Mrs. A. t h r e e h e a r t y cheers for His ExI Savarinathen. cellency.

The Church of the Visitation, Seremban, which was recently extended by Rev. Fr. Geo. Auguin, will be blessed by His Excellency Bishop A. Devals on the 22nd inst.

CHURCH O F SS. P E T E R A N D PAUL.

R E V . F R . B U R G H O F F E R IN HOSPITAL.

Rev. F a t h e r B e c h e r a s , vicar of the Church and Acting VicarGeneral, is in C a m e r o n H i g h l a n d s . H e will b e a w a y for two w e e k s . I n h i s absence, Rev. F r . L a u r e n t is a c t i n g a s vicar of t h e P a r i s h . * * * * * Rev. F a t h e r J. Chin of S a r a w a k s t a y e d h e r e a few d a y s last week before p r o c e e d i n g t o F u c h o w . H e will r e t u r n h o m e a b o u t t h e end of this year. HONOUR

FOR

W e r e g r e t t o announce t h a t Rev* F r . L. Burghoffer, Vicar, Church I of O u r L a d y of Lourdes was | a d m i t t e d to t h e General Hospital I on Monday, 9 t h inst. T h e Rev. • F a t h e r h a s been in poor health j recently, a n d i t is e a r n e s t l y hoped t h a t h e will soon recover from his illness. The p r a y e r s of his paris h i o n e r s apd o t h e r m e m b e r s of the F a i t h f u l a r e solicited for his speedy | recovery. 1

CATHOLIC

MR.

Commissioner. Mr. Reginald Tessensohn M . C H . A few d a y s a g o M r . Reginald T e s s e n s o h n , Municipal Commission-

A N D M R S . C. DA SILVA LEAVE FOR EUROPE.

Mr. and M r s . Claude da Silva, of St. Michaels' and M a r t i a Roads, left on T u e s d a y for E u r o p e on

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT. H i s Excellency Bishop A . Devals h a s kindly directed t h e Malaya Catholic L e a d e r t o convey h i s g r a t e f u l t h a n k s t o all those who s e n t h i m m e s s a g e s of g r e e t i n g s on t h e occasion of his P a t r o n a l F e a s t . His L o r d s h i p f u r t h e r r e g r e t s t h a t owing to his absence f r o m Singapore h e is unable t o e x t e n d his t h a n k f u l acknowledgem e n t directly. er w a s t h e recipient of a well deserved h o n o u r from G o v e r n m e n t . He was awarded t h e Malayan Certificate of H o n o u r in recognition of h i s long and devoted public services. Mr. Tessensohn w h o is a well known m e m b e r of t h e Eurasian Community succeeded his f a t h e r on t h e Municipal Commission nearly ten y e a r s ago and h a s s e r v e d w i t h o u t (break on v a r i o u s C o m m i t t e e s since t h e date of his appointment. W a l k i n g in the footsteps of his f a t h e r w h o h a d himself left his n a m e behind, Mr. T e s s e n s o h n w a s noted for t h e zeal and devotion with which h e worked, in t h e public interest. He h a s been for m a n y y e a r s p a s t — a n d still i s — a W a r d e n of t h e C a t h e d ral of t h e Good Shepherd and is a p r o m i n e n t figure in local C a t h o lic circles. We join his n u m e r o u s wellw i s h e r s in offering Mr. Tessensohn our h e a r t f e l t c o n g r a t u l a t i o n s .

v

furlough. m u c h of land and Mr. da advocate Place.

T h e y intend to spend t h e i r holiday in Switzeron t h e Riviera. Silva is t h e well-known a n d solicitor of Raffles

CYMA t h e Countries. WATCHES and CHRONOMETERS acknowledged the BEST in all Agent:

RENE ULLMANN, SINGAPORF.


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , SATURDAY,

14th September, 1935.

]9

AROUND THE PARISHES MALACCA

only in fine w e a t h e r , a s t h e d a m aged roof offers no s h e l t e r a g a i n s t ~~ OBITUARY. rain. Mrs. Isobella Nonis, aged 56, beTo r e p a i r t h i s d a m a g e d building loved wife of Mr. F r a n c i s c o Nonis is w a s t e of money. A f t e r long h o was ailing for four d a y s died consideration it was decided to at her residence a t 12.30 p.m. on build a chapel of 50 ft. by 20 w i t h Saturday, August 31st- The p l a n k s a n d a c o r r u g a t e d iron roof. funeral took place t h e following T h i s building will serve also a s a evening a t 4 p.m. Revd. F r School a n d its e s t i m a t t d cost is Lourenco conducted t h e c e r e m o n - | alout $350. T h e n conies the s t i o n of t h e site. Considering ies both a t t h e c h u r c h and a t t h e ! cemetry. T h e deceased leaves be- ^ f u t u r e welfare and p r o g r e s s , it hind 2 sons, 4 d a u g h t e r s and J t h o u g h t best to build t h e chapel several g r a n d children. P . L P . ! t h e roadside n e a r t h e village. T h e r e is a piece of r u b b e r land of " Engagement. The e n g a g e m e n t is announced a b o u t t h r e e acres obtainable for and t h e m a r r i a g e will s h o r t l y take $750. Hence a sum of $1,100 is place between Mr. Jacob N . de r e q u i r e d for t h i s New P a r i s h . As Souza, pensioner of t h e F.M.S. a f a i t h f u l client of S t . P h i l o m e n a Medical service a n d Miss Susan h a s g i v e n $100 and a n o t h e r client Adams late of t h e Convent of the $20, I h a v e decided t o dedicate t h e chapel t o St. Philomena. Sacred H e a r t , Malacca. H a v i n g built an O r p h a n a g e in Baptism. B a t u G a j a h and h a v i n g extended Emilia Agnes, daughter of George J- Hendroff and Wilhemina t h e G i r l s ' schools a n d a s t h e Hendroff nee W i l h e m i n a S t a Maria, p a r i s h i o n e r s of B a t u G a j a h h a v e born on S e p t e m b e r 3rd, and c o n t r i b u t e d all t h e y could for t h e s e baptised by Revd. F r . Coroado at t w o funds, I have not t h e courage to overtax them. I therefore make the Church of St. P e t e r . a g e n e r a l appeal to t h e devoted clients of St. Philomena a n d also BATU GAJAH CHAPEL OF S T . P H I L O M E N A . to t h e C h r i s t i a n s for financial help. A n y s u m no m a t t e r however small AYER RUNNING. gratefully Aver K u n n i n g is a small growing it m a y be will be district s i t u a t e d a t t h e 8 t h mile- received. Kindly send all donations stone of t h e D e Gong Road which t o t h e P a r i s h P r i e s t of B a t u j runs from K a r n p a r to Telok Anson. G a j a h . w

q u e

t

e

i s

o

Though t h e village is small y e t it seems to be blessed by God and destined for t h e p r o p a g a t i o n of t h e Holy Faith. F o r t h e first seeds of evangelization sowed b y my zealous predecessor, Rev. F a t h e r Dupoirieux, h a v e fallen on fertile ground and t h e seedlings a r e gradually s p r e a d i n g t h e i r b r a n c h e s . It would be of i n t e r e s t t o note how t h e p a r i s h of A y e r K u n n i n g was founded: A few y e a r s back a band of a b o u t 50 Chinese (about 30 of whom a r e Catholics) were compelled by p o v e r t y t o teave China and e a r n t h e i r livelihood" in Malaya. T h e y h a p p e n e d to g e t from the Government, a piece of land fn the interior of t h e village for cultivation. B e i n g very poor and ignorant t h e y a l w a y s r e m a i n e d in that little s e t t l e m e n t . One day one of t h e m fell sick and w a s t a k e n to the K a m p a r hospital a n d when the catechist of t h e Kampar Church was m a k i n g h i s usual rounds this p a t i e n t told h i m about the Christians in t h a t district. With t h e n e c e s s a r y financial help from Rev. F a t h e r Dupoirieux, t h e Christians t h e m s e l v e s built a nice chapel which is now a little more than t h r e e y e a r s old. A s days passed by and a s t i m e s w e r e becoming worse in China, more refugees were coming t o Malaya and now t h e n u m b e r of Catholics has risen to a b o u t 80. Owing t o the want of sufficient w a t e r and also due t o t h e r u b b e r a n d cocoanut restriction t h e C h r i s t i a n s a r e compelled to leave t h e land and stay with t h e i r friends n e a r e r t h e ^ a g e . In addition t o t h e s e disappointments a n o t h e r m i s h a p h a s f a l l e n t h e m . One d a y while t h e Poorer among t h e m w h o still regain t h e r e w e r e b u r n i n g some cut ^ a s s during t h e s u n n y d a y s of y a violent breeze c a m e and <*rned some s p a r k s on t o t h e patched roof of t h e i r m u c h esv

J u i

;

n r t ? / Christians a t once set t o work ^ p r o t e c t t h i s t r e a s u r e a n d their w r t a saved t h e chapel from cornrate destruction. The present t h e chapel p e r m i t s w o r s h i p h a p e I

n e

1 6

o f

a

n

d

s e t

1 1

a b l a z e

n

tha+ t h e extension should be carried cut at once and completed before t h e end of t h e y e a r so as t o cope with t h e expected increase in t h e n u m b e r of pupils n e x t year. Collectors were appointed t o go round a m o n g Catholics for donations for t h e purpose. It is hoped before long t h e required a m o u n t , between $1,200 a n d $1,500, will have been realized. T h e P a r i s h h a s shown, in view of t h e bad t i m e s , r e m a r k able generosity in subscribing over $1,200 t o w a r d s t h e p r e l i m i n a r y expenses and between $80 and $70 per m o n t h t o w a r d s t h e r u n n i n g expenses of t h e School. * * * * * * S.F.X.S. a n d Relief for t h e Poor. Subscription lists for t h e St. F r a n c i s X a v i e r ' s Society a r e out. The r e s p o n s e h a s been very g r a t i fying. Equally g r a t i f y i n g is t h e response to t h e appeal for relief for t h e poor. In fact Ipoh C a t h o lics as a body have never shown j such t a n g i b l e appreciation of our j Lord's advice to lay up t r e a s u r e " w h e r e n e i t h e r r u s t n o r m o t h doth consume, and w h e r e thieves do n o t break t h r o u g h and s t e a l . " * * * * * A R e d e m p t o r i s t F a t h e r ' s Visit. F a t h e r Gallagher, C. SS. R., of Manila, who h a s preached a r e t r e a t t o t h e n u n s of t h e Ipoh Convent, gave an impressive sermon in Church last S u n d a y â&#x20AC;&#x201D; t h e

TO OUR C O R R E S P O N D E N T S .

The Editor will be pleased to consider manuscripts intended for publication in the M.C.L. Every reasonable care will be taken for their safe return when stamped and self addressed envelopes are enclosed. Manuscripts should be typewritten (double spaced) and on one side of the sheet only. The Editor reserves the right to accept or reject an article as he deems fit, and he cannot be responsible for the loss of ar.y MSS. All contributions intended for publication must be accompanied by the full name and address of the contributor; but not necessarily for publication. Articles, short stories, poems etc.; taken from other papers or periodicals should bear the name of the original paper or periodical as well as the name of the sender. No copyright article will be accepted for publication. All Literary contributions and letters should be addressed to 73, Bras Basah Road, Singapore. Accounts of social and personal events should be as eoueise as possible, unless they are of general interest. Parish Corfesp^ftdents are requested to forward all parish news, to reach us every Tuesday. Late news is liable to be held over for future publication.

TO OUR SUBSCRIBERS. Requests for Renewal or Discontinuance of Subscription, and Notification of Change of Address should be made at least two weeks in advance. The previous as well as present address should always be mentioned.

IPOH o

IPOH CATHOLIC PUBLIC SCHOOL. T h e S a m Tet Catholic Chinese Public School h a s m a d e such prog r e s s since i t s inception a t t h e b e g i n n i n g of t h i s y e a r t h a t a n ext e n s i o n t o its p r e s e n t p r e m i s e s is imperative. A t p r e s e n t t h e enr o l m e n t is over 80, of whom between 20 and 30 a r e non-Catholic children. It is anticipated that n e x t y e a r will see a g r e a t e r enrolment. P l a n s for t h e proposed extension h a v e been p r e p a r e d and a p p r o v e d b y t h e Town Board. On S u n d a y last, a general meeti n g of t h e P a r i s h was held, a t which t h e School C o m m i t t e e explained to those present the position of t h e School. T h e meeti n g w a s unanimously of t h e opinion

feast of t h e N a t i v i t y of our L a d y . In t h e evening he a d d r e s s e d t h e Children of M a r y of St. Michael's I n s t i t u t i o n and t h e Convent before Benediction.

The wedding of Mr. Joseph Philip of the Drainage and Irrigation Dept., Kuala Lumpur, with Miss Antoniamal, daughter of Mr. Sinniah, contractor, Ipoh, was solemnised at the Church of Our Lady of Lourdes, Ipoh, on 23rd Aug., 1935.

F'ather Gallagher will proceed to t h e Cameron H i g h l a n d s w h e r e he will preach t h e annual r e t r e a t of m e n c i n g on t h e 16th J n s t . t h e F a t h e r s of t h e Diocese, com* * * * * * A n o t h e r Cinema for Ipoh. Ipoh is w i t n e s s i n g fresh activity in t h e commercial aspect of amusem e n t . T he m a n in t h e s t r e e t views t h i s a s a s i g n of t h e r e t u r n of p r o s p e r i t y , b u t t h o u g h t f u l people rather deplore all t h i s commercialization of a m u s e m e n t . T h o u g h equipped w i t h a n amu s e m e n t p a r k and five t h e a t r e s , Ipoh is to h a v e y e t a n o t h e r cinema hall, which is going t o be a modern, l u x u r i o u s a n d commodious building, t o be built along Cowan Street, a n d not, as erroneously r e p o r t e d by some n e w s p a p e r s , along B r e w s t e r Road. Y o u r correspondent u n d e r s t a n d s t h a t ft w a s t h e original proposal t o build it a l o n g B r e w s t e r Road in a s p a t next to t h e c e m e t e r y of St. Michael's C h u r c h and very close t o t h e Convent. T h e Town P l a n n i n g C o m m i t t e e acted wisely in rejecti n g t h e plan for t h e chosen s p o f is t h e m o s t unsuitable site imaginable for a cinema hall. T h e r e would b e g r e a t d a n g e r t o t h e children a t t e n d i n g t h e Conv e n t School b o t h on account of the' n a t u r e of t h e road a t t h i s p o i n t and t h e consequent increased traffic. T h e n how it would h u r t one's feeli n g of r e g a r d for our beloved dead t o h a v e a cinema v i t i a t i n g t h e solemn a t m o s p h e r e of t h e i r hallowed g r a v e s !

Telephone No. 7843.

T H E VICTORIA

CONFECTIONERY

& STORE

71, Victoria Street, SINGAPORE. Wedding Cakes a Speciality Assorted Cakes Maker, Tea P a r t y Supplier. Hot and Cold Drinks, etc. Proprietor J O S E P H CHONG S I N T O N G


OFFICIAL

ORGAN

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CATHOLIC

ACTION

PUBLISHED WEEKLY. 20 p a g e s .

M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 14th September, 1936.

10 Cents.

No. 37.

Over Hundred First Communicants

V /" A

,

^ n ^ ^ n i r R ^ T r M K o h . one hundred and twenty five Httte children, boys and girls

trfves t o their Orphans at Tong Kun £££e meal. Our cameraman h a s apparently delayed uieir juven Appetite.

A Catholic Missionary on horseback, trudging ^ o n g beaten track in Mongolia. T h e foreground shows a pat fallow. ^ o

f

}

a

n

d

I y i n g

Published by Rev. Fr. Cardoo mad Printed by Lithographers limited, 37/33, Wallich Street. Singapore. S.S.


SEPTEMBER 14, 1935, VOL 01, N0 37