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c: sThe Malaya Catholic Leader.

HE work of t h e Catholic papers • I I • • I

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reading Malaya's Catholic News k l l i ^ y o u r Irttnds^kBout us placing a regular order patronising our advertisers sending any suggestions writing for us, if you Jiave something new to say. %

v

OFFICIAL

ORGAN

OF

PUBLISHED 20 Pages.

By |y By By By By

N o . 36.

CATHOLIC

ACTION

WEEKLY.

SINGAPORE, SATURDAY, 2Jh Septei»ber»

Wfr-

CAMPAIGN AGAINST REACTIONARY. FORCES. —— 0

STEEL HELMETS AND STUDENTS. ( F r o m T h e Catholic

Herald, L o n d o n ) .

D u r i n g last m o n t h a t h r e e fold drive h a s heen launched by t h e nazis in G e r m a n y . I t s m a i n objective is t h e J e w s , b u t it also a t tacks w h a t t h e N a z i s call Political C^ffpliclsm and r e a c t i o n a r y forces. T h e r e a c t i o n a r y forces a r e mainly represented by t h e Steel Helmets a n d t h e S t u d e n t C o r p o r a t i o n s . In Silesia, Baden, Brunswick, did not work very well, until it was and some o t h e r provinces, t h e r e c o n s t i t u t e d in J a n u a r y 1933 by groups of t h e Steel H e l m e t s h a v e t h e ' a p p o i n t m e n t of ' t h e ' Jlitlergovernbeen dissolved, a n d some of t h e i r Papeh^HtfgOTberg-Seldte leaders a r r e s t e d . E l s e w h e r e t h e i r m e n t . Rivalries Inevitable. activities h a v e been severely r e s A t t h e beginning of t h e T h i r d tricted. A c e r t a i n n u m b e r of leading m e m b e r s w e r e only able t o Reich, Nazi s t o n n troops a n d Steel H e l m e t s were considered a s equalavoid a r r e s t b y fleeing aboard. organisaThe Steel H e l m e t s embody t h e ly i m p o r t a n t m i l i t a r y pure form of old P r u s s i a n milita- tions. As everybody w h o w a n t e d rism. T h e y w a n t t h e nation t o to m a k e a c a r e e r or t o find a j o b be ruled b y a m i l i t a r y a r i s t o c r a c y w a s o b l i g e d ' t o join one of t h e m , and according t o a military s t a n - m a n y preferred t h e Steel H e l m e t s , who seemed to be m o r e orderly dard of h o n o u r a n d values.

APOSTLESHIP

OF

PRAYER.

D E D I C A T E D TO THE S E V E N DOLOURS OF TJIE B L E S S E D VIRGIN. Intentions for the month. T h e Catholic P r e s s . — O u r Catechumens. In October 1931 t h e f a m o u s "Harzburg f r o n t " w a s founded, where Hitler, H u g e n b e r g and Seldte concluded a n alliance for t h e common conquest of power. T h e three g r o u p s , n a t i o n a l socialists, German n a t i o n a l i s t s , a n d Steel Helmets, w e r e t o h a v e equal r i g h t s and duties. P r a c t i c a l l y t h e F r o n t

men, less demagogical, a n d less violent t h a n t h e s t o r m t r o o p s . Rivalries and conflicts w e r e inevitable, and t h e Steel Helmets would have been dissolved long ago, unless t h e y had t h e special favour and protection of the Reichswehr and unless H e r r Seldte (Continued

on page 19)

!ANCHOR i B i t SOLE

AGENTS:

S 1 M E D A R B Y & CO.. LTD. SINGAPORE

&

BRANCHES

The Rt. Rev. Dr. Adrien Devals, D.D., Bishop of Malacca, who will celebrate his patronal feast on Sunday, £tfr Sept. The Clergy, Christian Brothers, Ladies of St-'Maur, and the Fajffcful o f the-Diocese extend His Lordship their hearty wishes on the occasion of his feast, and pray God that* theif beloved ' 'pasior* may be spared many more years to continue his pious and noble endeavours tb a fruitful end. "Blessed is he that cometh, in the Name of the Lord!"

POPE'S SPEECH E X P L A I N E D . When Expansion War Is Wroftg. V a t i c a n City, Sept. 2. A special edition of t h e R o m a n o h a s been published w i t h q u o t a tions of several p a r t s of t h e Pope's recent speech on t h e ItaloA b y s s i n i a n dispute. An editorial points out t h a t t h e speech h a s been "incompletely r e p o r t e d b y some p a p e r s " w h i c h seems t o indicate t h a t t h e V a t i c a n is displeased w i t h t h e publicity given t o t h e Pone's r e m a r k s on j his a t t i t u d e t o w a r d t h e A b y s s i n i a n struggle. The Vatican newspaper stresses t h a t in t h e view of t h e Pope, t h e need for expansion j s p r e s e n t in Italy, b u t a t t e m p t s t o force t h a t expansion a t t h e cost of o t h e r s c a n n o t be j u s t i f i e d . — A n e t a - T r a n s OfceaW.

LU

1

WE N E E D YOUR SUPPORT TO CARRY ON THIS GOOD WORK.

ENROL AS

— o

NOW

A SUBSCRIBER T O THE "MALAYA CATHOLIC L E A D E R "

8

o

LU O


SfALAYA

2

CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 7th September, 19&5.

A CASE FOR T H E MEXICAN GOVERNMENT

*

Engelhftrdt deals only w i t h California frWm 1683 on. W e shall be befter off asi soon a s we g e t a n WORLD). E n g l i s h compendium^ of t h e work is now busy s a f e g u a r d i n g t h e of F a t h e r P . M a r i a n o Cuevas, S.J., which studies t h e Mexican Church nation. • This view of t h e s i t u a t i p n m a k e s d u r i n g i t s whole- four hundred the"- I&exican G o v e r n m e n t ' s t a s k y e a r s of existence. T h a t comlook c o m p a r a t i v e l y simpte. \ I t h a s pendium could be r supplemented discov^red a c u r e - a l l , — " A b o l i s h w i t h selections frojh t h e ^lififtble^ t h e , . . C o o l i e C h u r c h ! " Y e t a j m o n o g r a p h p r e p a r e d b y J o s e ' R,-1 cynical psychologist m i g h t p e r h a p s Benitez for t h e Ibero-Americ^n | describe t h e book a s a "wish-ful- Exposition of Seville, which T>y I fillment"; a n d t h e reader, a f t e r m e a n s of carefully m a d e c h a r t s , finishing t h e J a s t p a g e , will still b e statistics, a n d c o m m e n t a r y p r e - , w a i t i n g for proof t h a t t h e evil s e n t s a n i m p r e s s i v e p i c t u r e of s t a t e of Mexico is d u e t o t h e cultural activities in Mexico from C h u r c h , a n d t h a t t h e G o v e r n m e n t t h e t i m e of t h e Spanish conquest is m a k i n g a n a d e q u a t e a t t e m p t t o onward. Until we possess a n adequate \ solve t h e c o u n t r y ' s - p r o b l e m s . T h e r e a d e r of. t h i s book s u g g e s t s history., of t h e . C h u r c h in Mexico, t h e reflection t h a t i t w o u l d - b e .an however, i t will be n e c e s s a r y J o be a d m i r a b l y t h i n g if e v e r y o n £ c o u l d , on o u r g u a r d lest calumnies con-? be t r a i n e d t o a d o p t a scientific s t a n t l y r e p e a t e d acquire a certain" t e c h n i q u e i n t h e discussion of such a u t h o r i t y . A c h a r g e m a d e over and m a t t e r s a s t h e Mexican d i s p u t e . over a g a i n w i t h o u t contradiction P e o p l e would t h e n b e r e a d y , w h e n may a t l a s t b e t a k e n f o r g r a n t e d . c h a r g e s a r e matde ajgainst e i t h e r So lovers of t r u t h should b e careful p a r t y , : t o a s k t h £ following f o u r t o let n o s t a t e m e n t on t h e Mexican C h u r c h pass unchallenged, and to . questions:... - J . W h o is t h e a u t h o r i t y f o r t h a t ask for a definite reference t o a r e liable a u t h o r i t y before accepting charge?. 2. W h a t i s h i s s t a t u s a s t o in- a n y t h i n g . Senor Gil's book i s a good one f o r m a t i o n , t r u t h f u l n e s s , freeupon which t o p r a c t i s e t h i s gentle dom from -prejudice ? a r t of criticism. H e s t a t e s frankly 3. W h a t a r e h i s e x a c t w o r d s ? 4. F r o m h i s e x a c t " w o r d s , w h a t t h a t h e h a s u n d e r t a k e n h i s survey inference m a y be logically of Mexican h i s t o r y f o r t h e sole purpose of s h o w i n g u p t h e defects drawn ? T h i s careful a n d intelligent a n d iniquities of t h e Catholic m e t h o d of a p p r o a c h i s seldom used, C h u r c h ; b u t h e overlooks t h e h o w e v e r . B o t h si<fes—but especi- necessity of r e s p e c t i n g t h e laws of ally t h e C h u r c h — h a v e suffered evidence; a n d h e p r e s e n t s h i s case from t h e flinging a b o u t of e x t r a v a - in a w a y n o t calculated t o c a r r y g a n t c h a r g e s a n d sweeping g e n e r a - conviction. This is i l l u s t r a t e d in h i s discuslizations. N o w r e a d i n e s s t o believe ill of sion of education, a subject on t h e Catholic C h u r c h is a n old which h e h a s a good deal t o say. English custom, and pseudo- T h a t w a s t o b e expected. One of the best known facts about it is i t s h i g h p e r c e n t a g e of illiteracy; and Senor Gil boldly r e p e a t s t h e familiar c h a r g e t h a t t h e Church is responsible for t h i s . Curiously enough, n o t only does h e fail t o p r e s e n t proof t h a t h i s c h a r g e is t r u e , b u t h e actually proves t h a t it is false. T h i s h e does in t h e E n g l i s h h i s t o r y u s e d t o be t h e e v e r course of a d e m o n s t r a t i o n t h a t , b u b b l i n g source of poisonous fic- u n d e r Diaz, t h e Catholic clergy t i o n s a b o u t t h e clergy. M r . Hilaire acted in technical violation of t h e Belloc is one of t h o s e w h o h a v e law. exposed t h i s i n j u s t i c e a n d helped E i g h t colleges, h e tells us, were in p a r t t o r e m o v e i t . W e no longer established b y t h e C h u r c h in t h e . find in m o d e r n E n g l i s h s t o r i e s , a s S t a t e of M e x i c o ; forty, in t h e in t h e p a g e s of W e s t w a r d H o ! S t a t e of M i c h o a c a n ; forty, in t h e t h a t e v e r y P r o t e s t a n t is a h e r o , F e d e r a l D i s t r i c t ; eighty- in t h e and e v e r y Catholic a t r i c k s t e r a n d S t a t e of O a x a c a ; twelve, in t h e a coward. Critical h i s t o r y h a s S t a t e of G u a n a j u a t o ; eighteen, in m a d e t h a t t y p e of t a l e look sillv. t h e S t a t e of Jalisco, a n d thirteen, in t h e S t a t e of Puebla. F u r t h e r A s for Mexico, m u c h still r e m o r e t h e clergy founded asylums m a i n s to b e done in t h i s r e s p e c t . and hospitals a n d p u t t h e m in t h e C h a r l e s L u m m i s , in t h e i n t r o d u c tion t o Spanish P i o n e e r s tells h o w c h a r g e of n u n s a n d m e m b e r s of j impossible it w a s t o g e t a t t h e different O r d e r s . In t h e S t a t e of t r u t h a b o u t t h e Spanish s e t t l e r s in Puebla, t h e r e w e r e t w o of these Mexico in h i s e a r l y d a y s , w h e n i n s t i t u t i o n s ; in t h e S t a t e of B a n c r o f t ' s fanciful p a g e s a b o u t t h e Mexico, a hospital a n d a n orphannoble Aztecs a n d t h e blood-thirsty j a g e ; in t h e F e d e r a l District, eightS p a n i a r d s w e r e t a k e n a s sober I teen a s y l u m s , a lying-in hospital h i s t o r y . L u m m i s lived t o see | a n d t w o poorhouses. I t seems Adolf Bandelier a n d h i s school cor- I a l m o s t incredible t h a t Senor Gil thus supply us with r e c t t h e p r e v a l e n t m i s t a k e s a b o u t ; should t h e C o n q u i s t a d o r e s . B u t a s y e t | valuable t e s t i m o n y t o t h e bene- j no o n e h a s m a d e a complete critical ! ficent activity of t h e Church in t h e I of education a n d social s t u d y of Mexican h i s t o r y n o r of t h e field C h u r c h in Mexico; a l t h o u g h E n g e l - | welfare, a n d should t h u s beautih a r d t ' s f o u r v o l u m e s on t h e Cali- fully r e f u t e t h e c h a r g e s made on f o r n i a Missions give a n idea of o t h e r p a g e s of h i s b o o k ; b u t h e w h a t m i g h t be done. T h i s work, does. a model of i t s kind, tells t h e story, Do n o t fail t o note t h e of o n e g r o u p of Mexican mission- significant c i r c u m s t a n c e s t h a t , in \ a r i e s ; and t h e f r i a r s described in its zeal for t h e law, t h e Government its p a g e s a r e of t h e heroic s f i m p closed every one of t h e instituof J u n i p e r o S e r r a a n d E u s e b i o tions just named and confiscated K i n o , a t y p e , t o s a y t h e least, f a r their endowments. from ignoble.

B y JOSEPH McSORLEY OF THE P A t f t l S T

(F^oip THE CATHOLIC

S e n o r Emilio P o r t e s Gil, f o r m e r l y President of t h e Republic of M e x i c o , a n d l a t e r t h e S e c r e t a r y of Foreign Relations, h a s published a n official s t a t e m e n t of t h e G o v e r n tuofct's case i n . t h e . p r e s e n t conflict b e t w e e n i C h u r e h find ^ S t a t e i n JV^xico. Brought o u t l a s t N o v e m ber, w h i l e S e n o r Gil w a s A t t o r n e y G e n e r a l of t h e Republic, it is p r e faced b y a letter from President Rodriguez, transmitting t o t h e A t t o r n e y General proof s a n d papers beariiig upon t h e charges against t h e C a t h o l i e C l e r g y . T h e b o d y of t h e book is a legal opinion, o v e r ^ f l ^ ^ u 0 d r e d p a g e s ir* l e n g t h , w h i c h tpro#essfes £ t o s e t f o r t h t h e c r i m i n a l M n t ^ e r e n c e of t h e ' C a t h o l i c C l e r g y in t h e Republic of Mexico, i n p a s t times and at this day." By way of a n A p p e n d i x t h e r e appear e x c e r p t s f r o m fetters w r i t t e n b y t h e Bishojp of H u e j u t l a a n d b y t h e Apostolic Delegate* Archbishop R u i z y F l o r e s ; a n d <m t h e last p a g e of t h e book i s p u b l i s h e d t h e o r d e r f o r t h e i r a r r e s t should t h e y a t t e m p t t o e n t e r Mexico. ' T h e v o l u m e before- u s i s t h e r e fore a Government document. T h a t i t is poorly w r i t t e n arid clumsily put together seems hardly worth m e n t i o n i n g . Y e t t h e f a c t is n o t w i t h o u t significance, a s w a s p o i n t e d out t o m e by a Mexican friend t o whom I had expressed, astonishm e n t t h a t a G o v e r n m e n t docum e n t should b e s o c a r e l e s s l y p r e pared. My friend's answer was, " T h a t should h e l p y o u t o u n d e r ? stand t h e type of person w h o is governing m y poor country!" W i t h t h i s in m i n d , i t i s p e r h a p s

JFAWE^S.

f

It?s not only . *-;> a matter of t a s t e . . . . To b« a perfect timepiece, a watch has to be beautiful and accurate. Now, everyone can say whether a watch is to one's liking or not, but it is difficult .to. estimate the quality. Only experts can judge the finish and precision of a' mechanism as delicate as that of a- watch. There remains for those who love accuracy a . means . of eliminating disappointment-choose a VULCAIN watch, acknowledged the best by thousands of people all over the world. With a VULCAIN yon have the satisfaction of knowing that you possess a timepiece of unequalled accuracy and refined beauty. :

;

3t p<x?$ ^>O w o r t h w h i l e t o n o t e t h a t S e n o r Gil repeatedly refers to t h e Delegate a s " M r . " Leopoldo R u i z y F l o r e s , t h u s b e t r a y i n g t h e m e a s u r e of h i s own culture. B u t these a r e minor matters. What is more important and what every well-informed r e a d e r will q u i c k l y p e r c e i v e is t h a t " t h e whole p a m p h l e t i s a s l a n d e r w h i c h i g n o r e s t h e g r e a t w o r k done b y t h e C h u r c h t o f o s t e r civilization a n d c h a r i t y in M e x i c o since t h e colonial d a y s t o t h e p r e s e n t t i m e . S e n o r P o r t e s Gil e i t h e r does n o t k n o w t h e real h i s t o r y of h i s o w n country, or h a s misrepresented it, w i t h t h e p u r p o s e of h u m i l i a t i n g t h e Church. Although t h e a u t h o r is amazingly inconsistent a n d , so f a r a s e x a c t m e a n i n g i s concerned, often unintelligible, o n e easily e n o u g h g e t s t h e drift of h i s a r g u m e n t , w h i c h i s , t h a t all t h e evils c o m e from t h e Church, and t h a t t h e C h u r c h m u s t b e d e s t r o y e d in o f d e r t o s a v e Mexico. H e r e g a r d s t h e a c t i o n of h i s G o v e r n m e n t a s j u s t i fied " b e c a u s e in Mexico t h e C l e r g y never has h a d a n y legitimate i n t e r e s t a n d b e c a u s e IF is n o ? a n d n e v e r will b e , capable of m o d i f y i n g its attitude." H e attempts to demonstrate t h i s thesis by a rapid s u r v e y of t h e p a s t 3 0 0 y e a r s , studded with.quotations and refere n c e s , a n d b y a b r i e f a c e o u n t of r e c e n t e v e n t s . H e concludes w i t h t h e assurance t h a t his .Government

WATCH

(To be

continued)

T5E MALAYA CATHOLIC LEADER. The Malaya Catholic Leader may be purchased at the following shops:— SINGAPORE A. R. Rodrigues & Co., 42, Bencoolen Street. Crystal Soda Fountain, Corner of Bras Basah Road & Waterloo Street. The Federal Rubber Stamp Co., 13, Collyer Quay. G. H. Kiat & Co., 15, Collyer Quay. The Premier Trading Co., 93, Keppel Road. eter Chong & Co., 82, Bras Basah Road. M. Mohamed Ali, 439-A, Norh Bridge Road. M. Mohamed Abubacker & Co., 154, Victoria Street. Mohamed Dulfakir & Co., 34, North Bridge Road. J. M. Mohamed Bava, 263, Middle Rd. V. Abdul Rahuman & Co., 239, Selegie Road. T. K. Mohamed Maideen, 228, Middle Rd E. Hadji Abdullasah, 198, Middle Road. Second-hand Book Shop, 66, Bras Basah Road. Railway Station Bookstall. Serangoon Store, Serangoon. 5

KUALA LUMPUR Post Office. Dulfakir & Co., Market Street. Federal Rubber Stamp Co., Old Market Square. Railway Station Bookstall.

CHURCH A N D SCHOOL POLICY OF MEXICO UNCHANGED. San A n t o n i o , — A c c o r d i n g t o reliable information received from His Excellency the Mexico, Most Rev. Leopoldo Ruiz y Flores, Apostolic D e l e g a t e to Mexico, said in a s t a t e m e n t issued here last week, " P r e s i d e n t C a r d e n a s has resolved t o continue t h e same policy r e g a r d i n g religion, school and prop e r t y . " H e a d d e d t h a t "rumours of t h e s e d a y s n o u r i s h i n g some hope of relief a r e vanished." " T h e official Mexican campaign f o r t h e defence of t h e Mexican policy," t h e A r c h b i s h o p said, "is to be s t r e n g t h e n e d a b r o a d especially in t h e United S t a t e s . I t h i n k that P r e s i d e n t C a r d e n a s h a s lost his chance of b e i n g t h e Peace-Maker of Mexico, since t h o u g h he apparently b r o k e w i t h General Calles, h e did n o t w i t h t h e National Rev o l u t i o n a r y P a r t y a n d because of t h i s , t h e people of Mexico a r e bound t o be t h e victim of socialistic d r e a m e r s w h o work in behalf of t h e p r o l e t a r i a t a n d look for j u s t i c e w i t h o u t c h a r i t y outside or Christ." (N.C.W.C.)


MALAYA

CATHOLIC L E A D E R ,

SATURDAY,

7th September, 1935.

BATOU

On Wm$$ from Albion (FROM OUR

SPECIAL

That t h e Pope is possibly able to find a peaceful solution t o t h e Italo-Abyssinian d i s p u t e is a view so widely held a m o n g non-Catholic Christians over h e r e in G r e a t Britain t h a t already t h e newspapers have contained scores of letters asking, in effect, w h y H i s Holiness "does n o t s t o p t h e m e nace of W a r " G r e a t i n t e r e s t h a s been aroused b y t h e r e c e n t action of Mr. George L a n s b u r y , t h e Leader of t h e Opposition in t h e House of Commons. Unlike a good m a n y men in t h e L a b o u r r a n k s — a s indeed in other P a r t y r a n k s also— Mr. Lansbury is a deeply religious man. H e h a s w r i t t e n a l e t t e r t o The Times, s u g g e s t i n g t h a t t h e Pope should b e approached a n d begged to p u t himself a t t h e head of a movement, in t h e cause of Peace, t o be organised b y t h e leaders of all religions, C h r i s t i a n a n d non-Christian. Moreover, h e h a s also sent a r e q u e s t direct t o Rome. All t h i s kind of. t h i n g r e p r e s e n t s an i n t e r e s t i n g development in English thought. F o r centuries t h e head of t h e Catholic C h u r c h on e a r t h w a s looked down upon, despised, even affronted, b y P r o t e s t a n t sentiment. To-day, on t h e contrary, P r o t e s t a n t s recognize t h a t t h e voice of C h r i s t e n d o m cannot sound without h i m ; m o r e t h a n t h a t , they see t h a t t h e Pope, a n d t h e Pope alone, is t h e worldwide influence for good w h o m t h e y must invoke in t h e i r desires. Mr. L a n s b u r y , full of good intentions, h a s n o t g r a s p e d t h e situation in all i t s a s p e c t s , n o r h a s h e quite fully e s t i m a t e d w h a t t h e Holy F a t h e r h a s a l r e a d y done, a n d continues t o do, in t h e cause of International Peace. N e v e r t h e l e s s his letter is significant, a n d i t is causing some s t i r . Catholic opinion, as experienced b y t h e Tablet, is to t h e effect t h a t in t h i s , t h e golden jubilee y e a r of L e o X H T s successful a r b i t r a t i o n in t h e m a t ter^ of t h e Caroline Islands, H i s Holiness m i g h t well b e asked, b y Italy on t h e one h a n d a n d b y Abyssinia on t h e o t h e r , t o j u d g e and settle t h e p r e s e n t u n h a p p y dispute.

..

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B a t u , in P e r a k . H e first w e n t for his education to a convent school, a n d a f t e r w a r d s t o a D e L a Salle school i n P e n a n g . T h e foundations of h i s education w e r e t h u s laid, in Malaya, before h e r e t u r n e d t o E u r o p e a n d continued h i s studies in Switzerland, a n d a f t e r w a r d s in E n g l a n d a t S t o n y h u r s t College. Following h i s novitiate a n d ordination a s a Dominican, h e took t h e D o c t o r a t e of Philosophy in Rome. A m a n of a self-effacing a n d sacrificing disposition, F a t h e r HoperDixon, it is being recalled, gave up t h e l a r g e f o r t u n e in money in order t o become a w o r k e r for God in religion. * * * * * *

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I N HONOUR OF ST. FELIX.

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A deeply devotional spectacle,. and one beautiful withal, w a s seen I a f e w d a y s ago on a Suffolk cliff, h i g h above t h e sea. U n d e r t h e auspices of t h e Guild of .St. Felix ! a n d St. E d m u n d , several t h o u s a n d s i of Catholic pilgrims were assisting I in t h e a n n u a l pilgrimage a t DunI wich in h o n o u r of S t . Felix t h e apostle a n d evangeliser of E a s t Anglia. W i t h t h e i r physical eves t h e p i l g r i m s s a w only t h e placid expanse of w a t e r s ; b u t in t h e i r m i n d s ' e y e t h e y s a w m o r e . Buried beneath those waters was the ancient c i t y , t h e Dunwich of old in which S t . Felix h a d h i s seat. Steadily t h e encroaching s e a a t e , for c e n t u r i e s , into t h e coastline a t t h i s point. One b y one, a n d l a t e r in a m o r e swift p r o g r e s s of d e s t r u c t i o n , t h e w a v e s swallowed up t h e b u i l d i n g s — h o u s e s , churches, e v e r y t h i n g . To-day t h e city of S t . F e l i x is invisible. A small p a r t of. a l a t e r pre-Reformation church r e m a i n e d until some y e a r s ago, w h e n i t h a d t o b e t a k e n down and re-erected f u r t h e r back, n e a r t h e r e b u i l t p a r i s h c h u r c h which serves t h e p r e s e n t g e n e r a t i o n .

P i c t u r e s q u e in t h e e x t r e m e w a s t h e scene when t h e pilgrims, whose n u m b e r s t h i s y e a r constit u t e d a record, w e r e g a t h e r e d on t h e cliff, w i t h b a n n e r s waving voices raised in p r a y e r s and hymns. M a n y p r i e s t s took p a r t , one of w h o m , b e a r i n g a relic of t h e T r u e Cross, b r o u g h t up t h e r e a r of t h e procession from t h e viPage. H u n d r e d s of non-Catholics w a t c h ed t h e service, which included a , FATHER HOPER-DIXON. A LINK sermon, t h e ceremony of blessing WITH MALAYA. t h e sea, a n d t h e recital of t h e De | The Dominican O r d e r in G r e a t P r o f u n d i s for t h e souls of those Afterwards Britain w a s stricken, l a s t year, b y \ long dead a n d gone. the death of i t s t a l e n t e d ex-Pro- t h e processionists r e t u r n e d for Bevincial, F a t h e r Bede J a r r e t t , O.P. nediction of t h e Blessed SacraNow there is t h e melancholy news ment, given from a n a l t a r erected j to chronicle of a n o t h e r serious in a l a r g e t e n t in a field. T h e loss in t h e r a n k s of t h e Black F r i - p i l g r i m a g e drew i t s p a r t i c i p a n t s ars, t h e loss of a p r i e s t w h o m from m a n y p a r t s of England. Malaya helped t o educate, and w h o N e x t y e a r ' s pilgrimage will m a r k is doubtless r e m e m b e r e d b y those t h e t h i r t e e n t h c e n t e n a r y of t h e who were his c l a s s m a t e s or asso- foundation of t h e diocese of Dunciates in his schoolboy days in wich. Penang. F a t h e r R u p e r t Hoper* * * * * * Dixon h a s been lost t o t h e Order HERXE BAY'S SECOND TRAGEDY. t an early age—forty-one. H e A m o n g these notes recently w a s was a learned, popular, priest, whose future seemed full of h i g h one which told of t h e t r a g i c death promise of religious a n d intellec- of a Passionist priest, F a t h e r Aidan B y r n e , C P . , while b a t h i n g tual usefulness. a t H e m e Bay, K e n t . By a terribly F a t h e r Hoper-Dixon's n a m e s in sad coincidence, t h e r e is now t h e the world a r e A r t h u r K i r k p a t r i c k . t r a g i c news t h a t a n u n , Sister When his widowed m o t h e r m a r - I g n a t i u s Handiboode, a t e a c h e r a t ried a second t i m e , a n d became t h e c o n v e n t school in t h e town, wife of Dr. R. M. Connolly, t h e h a s been- drowned i n similar cirfuture Dominican w a s t a k e n t o c u m s t a n c e s a t t h e s a m e place. She Malaya and lived for a t i m e a t w a s b a t h i n g n e a r t h e shore, with , 1

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R O S K O P F B ATOU m e m b e r s of t h e Sacred College—Cardinal Seredi, O.S.B., w h o is to perform t h e consecration, and Cardinal MacRory, P r i m a t e of Ireland, w h o will consecrate t h e * * * * * * a l t a r to Blessed Oliver P l u n k e t t — A SHIP OF PRAYER. t h e r e will be close upon a score of Archbishops and Bishops, u p w a r d s Privileged indeed a r e t h e seven h u n d r e d h a p p y v o y a g e r s w h o j u s t of a dozen Abbots, a n d h u n d r e d s now a r e engaged in m a k i n g an all- of clergy, in t h e s t a t e l y c h u r c h a t Catholic cruise in t h e liner " T u s - Downside on S e p t e m b e r 13. I n cania." They h a v e w i t h t h e m t h r e e honour of t h e occasion t h e Holy F a t h e r h a s bestowed upon t h e Bishops a n d a h u n d r e d priests, a n d every m o r n i n g t h e vessel b e - fabric t h e r a n k of a m i n o r basilica. comes a ship of p r a y e r by t h e cele- Work on t h e building b e g a n m o r e bration of Holy Mass a t u p w a r d s j t h a n fifty years a g o . In d u e course of a score of a l t a r s . In one p a r t an account of t h e impressive cereof t h e " T u s c a n i a " a large room j monies will be s u m m a r i z e d f o r t h e h a s been converted into a chapel, interest of t h e L e a d e r ' s m a n y for use a s such only, d u r i n g t h e readers. cruise. T h e o t h e r a l t a r s a r e setA m o n g t h e laity going t o Downup a t different points so t h a t side for t h e consecration will b e every priest on board h a s facility t h e Lord Mavor of London, S i r for offering t h e Holy Sacrifice. Stephen Killik, K.C.S.G. T h e cruise h a s been a r r a n g e d b y t h e Catholic e n t e r p r i s e of t h e MURDER OF R E V . FR. N o r t h e r n Travel Agency. B. BIRON. some companion S i s t e r s , w hen she was seen t o sink. Artificial respiration w a s t r i e d in v a i n : S i s t e r I g n a t i u s w a s dead. T

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ABBEY.

A big and a n i m p o r t a n t coming event for t h e Catholics of E n g land, t h e consecration of t h e Abbey church a t Downside, can now be looked a t in closer detail, a s m a n y additional particulars of t h e celebrations h a v e j u s t been m a d e public. In addition t o t w o

We r e g r e t t o chronicle t h e n e w s of t h e m u r d e r of R e v . F r . B . Biron, . of t h e Society of t h e P a r i s F o r e i g n Missions. F r . Biron w a s in t h e mission of Suifu ( S z e t c h u e n ) since 1906. W e h a v e h a d no f u r t h e r details a s y e t . Ali t h a t w e know is t h a t h e w a s killed in t h e Lolo (Mission F i e l d s ) . i territory.


MALiti

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sullen, sticking t o h i s s t u d i e s w i t h a g r i m d e t e r m i n a t i o n t o avoid h i s schoolmate's c h a t t e r . A3 luck w o $ d .have, .Father. Egan,. % clerical m a n a g e r of t h e school, t u r n e d in t h a t a f t e r n o o n on one of j j h i s incidental visits. T h e senior boys w e r e u n d e r i n s t r u c t i o n r o u n d | ; t h e t e a c h e r ' s desk w h e n t h e priest e n t e r e d ; a t h i s d e s i r e t h e . class (Story Founded On Fact). continued t o solve t h e i r Euclid propositions, while h e stood b y a n d ' Precisely , a t t h e h o u r of four, I g i s h w a t e r u n d e r n e a t h . " L e t i t listened. W h e n i t canu* t o BerM r . N e w m a n , t h e h e a d m a s t e r rose sticik thafre n o w , " h e said, " ' t i s n a r d Doyle's t u r n t o come forward t h e visitor's s u p r i s e a t h i s disfigurfrom h i s d e s k , w i t h d r e w t h e pencil foul enough t o r o t . " r e s t i n g on h i s e a r , a n d glancing Ned H o w a r d ' s cheek paled t o a ed face, t h o u g h unexpressed, w a s w i t h a keen e y e above h i s glasses, yellow t i n t ; for a m o m e n t h e s t a r - q u i t e a p p a r e n t . Seeing t h i s , M r . nodded h i s h e a d , in token of dis- e d J b a r d into t h e o t h e r ' s face, t h e n , N e w m a n t h o u g h t i t i n c u m b e n t o n missal, t o h i s school. T h e boys suddenly s w i n g i n g o u t hjs right h i m t o explain, w h a t h a d occurred. "Every child a l e r t t o c a t c h t h e signal filed o u t a r m , h e struck h i m in t h e e y e with T h e priest listened, w i t h a g r a v e needs milk of t h e i r places w i t h a quiet preci- h i s ^qlen^hed .fist. H i s comrade f a c e ; . w h e n h e spoke i t w a s i n a e v e r y d a y." sion o f , m o v e m e n t t h a t quite dis- s t a g g e r e d slightly t o o n e . side, r e g r e t f u l tone. I t w a s evident guised t h e i r keen d e s i r e f o r free- t h e n , quickly recovering h i s ba- t h a t h e w a s m u c h disappointed dom. Once'off t h e premises,., how- lance, h e clasped .his h a n d s behind w i t h t h e b o y s ; h e h a d known t h e m M I L K M A I D eyer t h e i r l u s t y s h o u t s p r o c l a i m ^ h i s bac& a n d stood unmove^ w i t h b o t h since t h e i r infancy, a n d from t h e j o y of, t h e i r r e l e a s e f o r ^qrpe tjje shadow of, a smile upon h i s close observation h e h a d j u d g e d m i n u t e s t h e village streets^ r a n g lips. " Y o u j c h o w t h a t I couM give t h e m t o be^, lads of, excellent w i t h a BaB&Lof c h e e r y v o i c ^ then J £bffi .^.fight,*'' h e said, "Bui J ' m character—manly aha* high— t h e boys s c a t t e r e d on t h e i r various not&ob^jto do it. I'll h e a r yfcur principled; i t w a s a disagreeable JOKES. w a y s a n d t h e p £ t t e r of h u r r y i n g ^ o w ^ . J)^<Suse y o u t h i n k I have revelation t o h i m t o find t h a t t h e y fpotsteps died a w a j ^ i n t h e dis- S e s | r y e p it. We're.quits now a n d could stoop t o such conduct. tanced fiToiig a s h a d y road lead- t h a t ends t h e j h a t t e r . " T A K I N G N O CHANCES. B e r n a r d P o y l e h a d held h i s face j i n g from t h e villain £ f e w . o f JtHe T h e d e a r old l a d y entered t h e T h e word§ KSd cost him a n efa v e r t e d while t h e p r i e s t s p o k e ; 1 senior claps p u r s u e ^ . ^ h e i r , w a y ^ t I c h e m i s t ' s s h o p a n d nervously a p fort, for h i s l y e pained t e r r i b l y ; h i s fellow-culprit, p a l e b u t b r i g h t a s o b e r p a c e ; the 6kf w a s w a r m | p r o a c hed,the counter. and the Soft r e f r e s h i n g .air w ^ s fin^irur. t h a t t h e ^other boys were eyed, s t a r e d s t r a i g h t before l\un, " A r e y o u p r o p e r l y qualified, my J Wishing bh t h e scene h e t u r n e d h i s j i p t w i t c h i n g w i t h a n e r v o u s pleasant t o i n h a l e . H i e r i v e r — t t i e man?'' she as^ed. P * t r e m o r . . H i s ,cla§s-mstes looked silver w i n d i n g r i v e r ^ with i t s ^ e - J a w ^ y ^ a w ^ w i t ^ h ^ ^ "tes, madam," { v ^n ^iAij ^Metdow fence into t h e bewildered w h e n h e left h i s place lightffil safeion haMts a n d s h a d y "You u n d e r s t a n d all about your a n d walked s t r a i g h t t o t h e t e a c h swixSmimj p o o k s , tfiai fieI3 m o s t j field beyond. ? " business chariri f o r itie boys. T h a t e v e n i n g ^ T h a t ^eyeningj ,owing t o h i § dis- e r ' s desk; o n e m i g h t h a v e h e a r d a "Certainly, priSdam." t h e y liid-jEadlen | n t o a n a r g u m e n t coloured eye, y o u n g Doyle kept t o pin ffiling i n t h e school w h e n J i e "You're registered?" on some d e b a t a b l e point COiidefhiSg h i s r<S6m ak m u c h a s possiBle; u n - a d d r e s s e d i h e p r i e s t ihr* voice t h a t "Of course, m^d&ifi." fishing-gear. Ned How#rjL w%io d e r p r e s e n t conditions a m e e t i n g q u a v e r e d w i t h e m o t i o n . / / I s t h a t y o u r certificate I see w a s 4y*ecocrnised a u t h o r i t y o n s u c h " P l e a s e , F a t h e r , - forgive m e , f o r hahgiri£ up t h e r e ? " i ^ a t t ^ s , h a a takfen n o p a r t in t h e it w a s all riiy f a u l t , " said h e . " I t ^ , madam." discussion., A b s 0 r b e d j n a book h e THE SILVER HORN " B e r n a r d Doyle w o n ' t speak, b e /'Well, t h e n y o u i h ^ y serve me Had lingered b e h ^ ^ jfie ^t^efs |Hd c a u s e h e doesn't w $ n t t o 'peach' w i t h a n ounce of cough tablets." VThen 1 awoke from dreams this.morn, t a k e n k J f e a t , hidden in a r u s h y on m e . " * * * * * Metfipught I heard a silver horn, ijook upon t h e l i v e r b a n k . <Sh IN THESE DAYS OF 'FLU. F o r a^momept his^vo^ejfaKered, views b e i n g inQist&jmbls, .JhQYL- Shrilling towards me from after, An.angry visitor entered the office of t h e n , g a t h e ^ t . j ^ i w C T l j . , ^ ^ tlie e v e i \ h i s c l a s s - m a t e B e r n a r d Doyle, As if from some faint, setting star! gehtjbe p r e s s u r e . ,o£ J^kt f ^ e s t ' I the hotel, and demanded to see the slippy B|ck t 6 c a t i o n fflBgHi tKe ? Oh!" I said,, 1% stars are fatting, han<l,upon h d s ^ h o u l d e r , h e w e n t .on I m a n a g e r . . , , debafifr^J>ointf c O j n i n ^ u p |fchind Or some spirit, calling, calfngfe in a clearer t o n e w i t h a.ful^cpnfe^r j That individual stepped forward. Him ligntly h e , fceeret jgrer h i $ ."Are you the manager?" t t e client me rfpv hil and DOlloW. Summons me o'er h&l and Iffilow. sion of h i s guilt .frojn^ begijcming.;to j exclaimed. shoulder^ c u r i o u s t o see w h a t h a d I will rise, and I will follow!" e n d — h o w h e l i a d i w x e p t ^ i . a . b a d I "Yes, I am, sir," was the reply. absorbed" h i s i n t e r e s t . Seeing t h e book a n d r e a d i t , s t e a l t h i l y i n j "Well, look here," the man spluttered, book upon h i s knee the hof Je^Ted I jfjkve cTtptbed the hills all day, leisure m o m e n t s - ^ h o w Doyle h a d "I have a very serious complaint—" liis s u r p r i s e i n a s h a r p w h i s t l e Fatten and fainted on the way.— r e p e a t e d l y p e r s u a d e d h i m t o give i ."Yqu have, s i r ? " the manager asked, which c o m i n g unexpectedly, s t a r t Met no spirit. Will that horn "then don't come near me—it it . u p — h o w h e „had s t r u c k h i s j alarmed, l e d J h e r e a d e r into a half-erect | Sound for me another morn? might be catching!" f r j e h d ^ t h e pr^y|oiu^ev^j^ag wheij ] * * * * * R. M. G. pbsition. h e h a d . t a k e n t h e b o o t forcibly arid A LITTLE Mixlo. ^^ph^^nd.jyq.uJ why d o you pitched i t i n t h e r i v e r . W i t h a \ "Don't forget to eat your.sweets with spring iike t H a t orva fellow ? " How i t h h i s f a t h e r w a s very undesir- h u m i l i t y , which only, a b o y of h i s a,fork ^and.not.. a_. spoon, p!ear," sai<j..tie w a r d d e m a n d e d , sharply. y e a r s could p r o p e r l y a p p r e c i a t e , h e fon<J. mother giving her son a final piece able. of advice before he went to the party. S H o l h o ! t o u c h y — s o r r y t o disI t needed s o m e moral courage, j finished w i t h a f r a n k a / o w a l : Later, at the table, soup was placed t u r b you f r o m y d u r s m u t t y s t o r y . too, t o face t h e school n e x t d a y ; m e j in front o f the boy, and he began to get "Bernard could thrash You said y o u ' d b u r n , t h a t t w o d a y s t h e boys, a s h e anticipated, h a r a s - soundly f o r t h a t Wow, b u t h e only ; a little muddled because he couldn't rea&o " h i s f r i e n d replied i n a i l a n - sed, h i m w i t h questions about h i s p u t , his h a n d s b e h i n d h i s back a n d member his mother's instructions. After many, y a i a attempts to eat the gered v o i c e . r o w w i t h H o w a r d ; t h e I a t t e j evi- bore i t like a m a n . " soup with a fork, he turned with plead. N e d JEIoward's cheek lit w i t h a d e n t l y h a d n o t disclosed t h e reason T h e r e w a s a s o b in h i s voice a s ing eyes to his hostess. of t h e i r q u a r r e l . M r . N e w m a n ' s h e ceased s p e a k i n g . D u r i n g t h e guilty flush. "Please, may I have another fork?" " T h a t ' s m y o w n b u s i n e s s , " h e s t r i c t u r e s w e r e severe. I t . h a d still i n t e r v a l t h a t followed, a f e w he asked. "This one leaks." come t o h i s knowledge t h a t t h e of t h e boys r u b b e d t h e i r eyes retorted sulkily. b o y s h a d f o u g h t t h e previous evenhastily, M r . N e w m a n p a t t e d t h e I w a n t y o u all t o help in t h e good / / O h ! i s i t i n d e e d ? If M r . N e w - i n g — t h a t f a c t w a s painfully a p polished desk w i t h n e r v o u s fingers, cause. T h i s e v e n i n g Mr. Newman maii k n e w y o u w e r e r e a d i n g t h a t p a r e n t on o n e of t h e c o m b a t a n t s ; F a t h e r E g a n s i m p l y l e t h i s h a n d and I will g o i n t o d e t a i l s ; we shall filthy stuff h e ' d w a l k y o u o u t of w h a t h a d led t o t h e disgraceful on t h e bowed h e a d of t h e peni- h a v e a small l i b r a r y a n d m a k e t h e r e s t t h e school. . I k n o w w h e r e y o u g o t occurrence h e w a s a t a loss t o u n school t h e d i s t r i b u t i n g centre. I if—ffoni t h a t mechanic o v e r a t d e r s t a n d . S i l e n t a n d respectful t e n t beside h i m . A f t e r a while h e t h i n k I will m a k e N e d h e r e my s a i d : t h e m i l l s — t h a t Cockney c h a p . t h e class listened while h e lectured librarian." " T h e s e boys a r e a credit t o t h e Likely you'll b e lending i t r o u n d on t h e evil of g i v i n g w a y t o violent Recognizing t o some extent the now a m o n g t h e lads. t e m p e r ; for t h e first t i m e in h i s school—the one because, a s a r e s u l t delicacy of feeling t h a t prompted Ned H o w a r d r o s e slowly t o h i s life young Doyle winced under h i s of doing good, h e h a s suffered pain ^ h i s l a s t s u g g e s t i o n t h e class refeet a n d faced h i s c l a s s - m a t e ; t h e c o n d e m n a t o r y w o r d s . H e h a d a l - a n d b o r n e u n d e s e r v e d r e p r o a c h — ceived i t w i t h a chorus of approval. latter,^big a n d b r a w n y f o r h i s six- w a y s stood well in h i s t e a c h e r ' s t h e o t h e r , because h e h a s respond- A little later t h e school dispersed, t e e n y e a r s , w a s n o t too safe a lad e s t i m a t i o n — t h e loss of h i s r e g a r d ed t o t h e voice of conscience a n d t h e senior b o y s still eagerly discust o t a c k l e ; t h e l i g h t in h i s e y e t h a t [ w a s really m o r e painful t o t h e boy h o n e s t l y confessed h i s fault. B o t h s i n g t h e initial moves of t h e m q m e n t , . too, sKoiie like a d a n g e r ! t h a n t h e humilation. of being cen- boys h a v e won a m o r a l victory. I . c r u s a d e . A w h i s p e r e d interchange S&&1, $ $> r a t h e r t h a n a p p e a r I s u r e d publicly before t h e school. t r u s t t h e little incident will b e a n of confidences between Ned ^i^l^ied b y .his r e m a r k s , H o w a r d \ I t w a s impossible t o m a k e . a s t a t e - object lesson t h a t t h e school will H o w a r d a n d B e r n a r d Doyle h a d not b y . " H e p a u s e d f o r a n i n profit Jj&wexe^ . w i t h , a sneer, t h a t h i d I m e n t of t h e f a c t s ; a n explanation escaped t h e t e a c h e r ' s e y e s ; turning stant, then added thoughtfully; ffiftdtreijior oh jbis l i p ; " I can lend j which would tell, well f o r himself t o w a r d s t h e p r i e s t h e s a w t h a t he, i s a curious c i r c u m s t a n c e , b u t " I t would only i n c r i m i n a t e Howard b y too, h a d r e m a r k e d t h a t .newflri t is h o n e t h e less true^—I called t o . . " ^ ^ y a f t j r o n ' t — t h a t ' s c e r t a i n , g i v i n g away the secret of t h e i r dis^stablished friendship resulting d a y t o tell y o u t h a t I a m a b o u t t b Q^ie^^^ed..s^JQg the 9 £ - | p u t e . T h e , l a t t e r , t c # , kept, silent f r o m a short-lived feud t h a t endea establish a b r a n c h of t h e Good i n g book ftjid h u r l i n g i t w i t h t h e on t h e . m a t t e r , all through the d a y for each b o y i n a moral victory. L i t e r a t u r e C r u s a d e in t h i s p a r i s h . he w a s e x t r e m e l y moddy—almost full force of h i s a r m into t h e slug-

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MALAYA

CATHOLIC LEADER,

SATURDAY,

Press Gleanings

7th September, 1935.

HOLY CROSS F A T H E R S FROM U S . WILL T A K E OVER PARISH IN P O L A N D .

N o t r e D a m e , Ind.—Polish m e m b e r s of t h e Congregation of Holy Cross will a s s u m e c h a r g e of a p a r i s h in Poland in t h e n e a r f u t u r e , it w a s announced recently b y t h e EMPIRE A N D POPULATION. orship. The conception of government, V e r y R e v . J a m e s W. D o n a h u e , Mr. Lyons has been speaking hopeheld by Mussolini and Hitler belongs to C.S.C., Superior General of t h e For over a quarter century fully as to a renewal of Australia's welanother world of thought than that resOrder. come to immigrants. His remarks ponsible for the League. GOLD LEAF TEA has been should be read in conjunction with an To act according to one system in T h e decision follows a r e c e n t important communication to The Times domestic concerns and to submit to an- t o u r of Poland b y t h e Rev. Casimir recognised as symbolic of pointing out that the population of the other in foreign affairs, to exercise dici Sztuczke, C.S.C., who r e t u r n e d t o the utmost in skill in BlendEmpire as a whole is declining. The tatorial powers at home and, in interwriter draws attention to the contrast national matters, to collaborate with I N o t r e D a m e t w o weeks a g o a n d ing, honour and integrity between ourselves and countries like other governments constitutes a task i h a s since spent much t i m e in d i s Germany and Italy where a high birthwhich Mussolini's "single-track" mind i cussion of t h e project w i t h t h e the packing of Fragrant in rate is encouraged. Neither of those may find impossible. general council of t h e C o n g r e g a countries has anything like the colonial and Inimitable Tea. By what means a world compssed of tion. resources possessed by Great Britain. States such as those of modern Germany * * * * * * The p a r i s h t o be t a k e n over is and Italy would preserve peace has to Of all dealers throughout Malaya, There is less excuse for the adoption be yet discovered. that of Czartorysk. Father of a policy restricting numbers in our * * * * * * \ Donahue's a n n o u n c e m e n t s a i d : case than in that of any other people. A QUESTION OF MORAL ' T h e C o n g r e g a t i o n of Holy Cross The criticism that a superabundant poAUTHORITY. pulation leads to war as a means of Voices are to be heard urging that, in has accepted t h e gracious invitafinding new outlets does not app-y to us. the dispute between Italy and Abyssi- tion of B i s h o p Szelazek of Luck, It will be many a long year before the nia, the League of Nations should enemptj spaces of our Empire ar* filled. I fcrce its decision by arms. Thus, if the Poland, t o t a k e c h a r g e of t h e A s soon a s j Agents: If Mr. Lyons' hopes are realised, and I culprit or culprits to be policed remain- parish of Czartorysk. is signed the example of Australia is followed by I ed impenitent, would mean war on -a t h e Canonical contract Canada, we need have no fear that a j large scale, and the last state of civili- t h e first m e m b e r s of t h e n e w 12—A, Robinson Road, | higher birth-rate would make necessary sation would be worse than the first. foundation w ill leave t h e U n i t e d an increase of territory by military me- ; The very means devised to maintain SINGAPORE. thods. peace would be responsible fo:- what S t a t e s f o r Poland. " I t is planned t o send a t first * * * * * * ; might prove a conflict more terrible MUSSOLINI'S PROBLEM. even than the last. two men a n d l a t e r a s m a n y a s m a y i Up to the time of writing, the efforts The League clearly is confined at pre- be required b y t h e n e e d s of t h e ROUMANIA WANTS RELIGIOUS of England and France at the Paris ,: sent to the exercise of moral authority, T h e n a m e s of t h e Conference to restrain Italian aggres- j but of that it has none. For the pos- foundation. F R E E D O M I N U.S.S.R. sion in Abyssinia have proved vain. It I session of moral authority depends on founders will b e announced l a t e r . " is the Duce's boast that he never goes :: adherence to deep and well-defined (N.C.W.C.) A F r e n c h n e w s p a p e r corresback from a position he has once taken principles, and a League which admits I pondent a t R i g a s t a t e s t h a t one of up and, from his point of view, he would those of all and no creeds lacks such ciliatory attitude towards these sections t h e questions t o b e discussed b y be stultifying himself if he now modeprinciples. of the community and interpenetrate rated his claims. M. Titulesco of R o u m a n i a duringIt is not with Geneva that rests the their organisations. Indeed, it may be said that the very ! moral authority which might command It is well to be warned in time. A his visit t o Moscow will b e t h a t of idea of submitting to direction by the I obedience and ensure peace. The only "friendly" Communism might prove religious freedom a n d t h e end of League of Nations is inconsistent with jj Authority capable of meeting the situa- more dangerous than one openly opposreligious persecution in t h e U . S . the philosophy which underlies dictat- |j ticn is repudiated by many of those most ed to the Church. Unfortunately, in anxious for world-peace. Therein lies this country there are misguided people S.R. the tragedy. who profess to see an element of ChrisT h e Soviet G o v e r n m e n t h a s been tianity in these advocates of the class- approached on t h i s subject by t h e * * * * * * war and who, if they could, would bridge POLICING T H E WORLD. United S t a t e s , b y F r a n c e , and n o w In the end it is possible that either the gulf which separates the Christian it i s h i n t e d b y R o u m a n i a . taetics the League of Nations or some similar from the Communist. Such organisation will commit itself to the play into the hands of those who allege A r e c e n t decision of t h e L e a g u e task, suggested in the previous para- the existence of a secret understanding of N a t i o n s Union shows t h a t t h e between the two. graph, of creating an international feeling in E n g l a n d is very s t r o n g The intransigence of the Catholic police force empowered to punish unon t h e subject of religious perseChurch where militant atheism is conruly nations. tion. In this connection it is interesting to cerned is too patent, however, for any

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note that, according to the recently but the most credulous and prejudiced published results of the National Dec- to believe these allegations. CATHOLIC ~ S C O U T S laration, nearly seven million votes JAMBOREE I N ENGLAND. AMERICA'S BLIND SPOT. were cast in favour of some such course. Friction has arisen between United The question was: Do you consider T h e first Catholic Scouts' J a m that if a nation insists on attacking an- States authorities and Germany on acother the other nations should combine count of the frank expression which has boree ever t o b e held in England to compel it to stop by (a) economic been given in America to the indignatook place a t Macclesfield l a s t tion felt concerning the religious perseand non-military measures; (b) if necesm o n t h . T h e Bishop of S h r e w s b u r y sary, military measures? Over two cution organised under the Nazi regime. opened t h e J a m b o r e e , So strong is this indignation that it has officially millions voted against this. beer suggested that the United States * * * * * * s a n g t h e Pontifical High Mass a n d should refuse to take part in the forth"A TRUCE OF GOD." preached. coming Olympic Games in Berlin "if Declaring that, in the crisis created T h e Bishop of N o t t i n g h a m a r r i v conditions in Germany continue as they by the Italo-Abyssinian trouble, "the I ed later a n d addressed t h e Scouts. voice of Christendom and all religions I are.". ! It is curious that Americans can pro- ; About 500 Scouts attended. should be heard," Mr. Lansbury, in a | letter to The Times, says: "I appeal to ; test so forcibly against religious perseS H A N G H A I C. A . CONGRES. our Archbishops to take the lead in j cution thousands of miles away while (Continued from page 19) this matter. I propose they appeal to seemingly blind and deaf to the more Address: "The Introduction of Neohis Holiness the Pope to join in and call terrible persecutions suffered by Mexia solemn convocation or congress repre- j can Catholics just across their borders. , Scholastic Philosophy in China"—Prof. sentative of every phase of Christian There.is an element of mystery in the | George Chao, Ph.D. (Cath. University, and other religious thought." j reluctance of the Washington Govern- = Peiping). Address: "Chinese Christian Art"— The spirit of this suggestion is ad- ment to use its influence with the mirable and the recognition of the Pope neighbouring State, and even the stout j Prof. Luke Ch'en (Cath. U., Peiping). Report of the Secretary General of as, for practical purposes, "the voice of I fight which President Roosevelt is putChristendom" is not without significance, j ing up againsj: the plutocracy cannot the C. A. Intellectuals* Assoc.—Yuan It is therefore all the more to be re- allay the suspicion that monetary In- Ch'eng-pin. vestments have something to do with it. Discussions. gretted that Mr. Lansbury should tack Remarks—H. E. the Apostolic Deleon to his proposal a plan for this gate. CHRISTIAN AND JEW. gathering "to meet in the Holy Land at Archbishop Downey has written ~a EIGHTH DAY, Sunday, September 15. Jerusalem, and from Mount Calvary 10.30 a.m. Concluding Session. 'call a Truce of God' and bid the war j forceful preface to the latest publication Summary of Practical Conclusionsof the "Friends of Europe," entitled spirit rest." Rev. Dr. Paul Yu Pin, Nat'l Director. This shows that he is thinking in Rosenberg's Positive Christianity, which Address of the National President— terms of melodrama rather than of rea- dealr specially with "Rosenberg and the Lo Pa-hong. listic politics. Does he really imagine Bible." Address of the Dean of the Bishops Dr. Rosenberg is the notorious Ministha . a convocation called by his Holiness • attending the Congress. and meeting in Jerusalem would have I ter of Education whose Myth of the Closing Address—H. E. the Apostolic 20th Century is the text book of the any effect on the war spirit in RosenDelegate, Archbishop Zanin. Nordic cult which opposes the Jewish berg's Germany and Stalin's Russia? In the afternoon, Solemn Eucharistic element in Christianity. The pamphlet Procession and Review of the Eucharisintroduced by Dr. Downey is taken from COMMUNIST INTERPENETR ATION. a reply to Rosenberg published by a tic Crusaders, to take place in Zikawei. The accusation made by Nazi leaders NINTH DAY, Monday, September 16. number of German scholars. that Catholics and Communists are P*'«rnmage to the Shrine of Our Lady JThis fine defence of the Hebrew scripconspiring together against the German of Zose. tures will doubtless reinforce the effect Government reaches the point of absurSolemn Consecration of China to the dity. Yet a certain plausibility is given already made in this country by CardiP.V«;?ed Virgin Mary. Faulhaber's eloquent sermons on nal it by the new policy announced by BolMoreover, it is to be hoped that their shevik authorities. In place of the old "Judaism, Christianity and Germany," Catholics, consistent defence of the Old Testament exelusiveness shown to all outsiders, reviewed in these columns. called on to defend what they have been will do something to bridee the gulf Communists sre advised to seek alliance between them and their fellow victims with Liberals, Social Democrats and so often accused of neglecting or miswill learn afresh to aprepresenting, under the Nazi regime—the Jews. those religious parties against which Hitler is making war. For this purpose, preciate the rich treasures enshrined in (Catholic Times, 2lrd August) the Old and New Testaments. it is pointed out, they must adopt a con4

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6

M A L A Y A C A T H O L I C L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 7 t h S e p t e m b e r , 1935.

WHY THE SPY SCARES. SECRETS OF T H E SECRET AGENTS. In a period of 22 months, according t o authoritative reports, nearly 600 persons h a v e been arrested a s spies in European countries a l o n e : and it i s said that at least 10,000 trained secret a g e n t s are n o w carrying on a n intensive pre-war warfare between mutually suspicious nations of t h e continent. T h i s outburst of espionage, unprecedented in t i m e s of peace, is itself an international irritant that m a y help to provoke a r m e d conflict.

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T h e following tricks are typical of t h e ingenuity that modern spies devote t o their work. Hard-boiled eggs r e c e n t l y w e r e found t o b e used by Soviet agents a s a m e a n s of s e n d i n g s e c r e t m e s sages. T h e s e e g g s w e r e placed w i t h f r e s h e g g s g o i n g ostensibly to m a r k e t . W h e n t h e shells of t h e hard-boiled e g g s w e r e b r o k e n , it w a s f o u n d t h a t t h e solid " w h i t e " h a d o n i t s surface a d i s t i n c t d a r k brown lettering. Investigation revealed t h a t a solution of s u g a r a n d a l u m m a k e s a w r i t i n g fluid which leaves n o visible t r a c e on t h e shell of t h e boiled e g g b u t leaves a v e r v clear i m p r e s s i o n o n t h e solid alb u m i n inside. Codes c a n be s m a r t l y imbedded in s e w i n g . L o n g a n d s h o r t s t i t c h e s f o r m i n g t h e d o t a n d d a s h of t e l e g r a p h code a r e c a r r i e d on gloves a n d gowns a n d a s embroidered "clocks" on silk stockings. T h e d a i n t i l y sewn l i n g e r i e of one attractive woman agent transmitt e d h u n d r e d s of w o r d s i n t h i s m a n n e r d u r i n g t h e late w a r . S h e w a s c&ught w h e n a w o m a n o p e r a t i v e s e a r c h i n g h e r chanced t o notice that h e r under-garments were not of fine e n o u g h t e x t u r e t o w a r r a n t delicate w o r k m a n s h i p .

I ; I | ! j | I | j

During the Manchurian W a r conditions obtained a t P o r t A r t h u r which were similar all over Russia. A n y m i l i t a r y secret could be b o u g h t a t a price, a n d t h e m o r e secret a p a p e r w a s t h e h i g h e r t h e price. P a p e r s were m a r k e d "confidential." T h e i r contents leaked out. T h e y w e r e m a r k e d " s e c r e t . " T h e s a m e t h i n g happened. T h e n " v e r y s e c r e t . " A t last it occurred to t h e a u t h o r i t i e s t o m a r k only u n i m p o r t a n t p a p e r s in t h a t w a y and to p a s s secret ones about w i t h no labels a t all. T h e plan succeeded.

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A w o m a n s p y cleans t h e windows of a certain famous E u r o pean e m b a s s y . S h e is often shad; owed w h e n s h e leaves h e r work | and is n e v e r p e r m i t t e d t o c a r r y ! a w a y a n y t h i n g unispected. Many | t i m e s s h e h a s submitted t o t h o j r o u g h search, only t o be f o u n d in| nocent. B u t s h e uses a w h i t e j cloth in r u b b i n g t h e e m b a s s y j windows d r y , a n d w i t h t h i s clot£t | conveys information t o d i s t a n t obi s e r v e r s in a n adroitly simple code ! consisting of s t r o k e s u p a n d down, to t h e r i g h t , t o t h e left, a n d diaI gonal.

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German agents during t h e W a r i sent o u t o r d e r s t o t h e i r spies in | F r a n c e b y m e a n s of a m u s i c code, j A s o n g e n t i t l e d Myosotis cPAlsace j w a s s e n t into F r a n c e by t h e dozens of copies. I t w a s n o t f o r a long while t h o u g h t t o be a n espionage bulletin. However, one suspect in a F r e n c h port, whose mail w a s b e i n g closely w a t c h e d , received e v e r y week a copy of t h e song. A f t e r being t e s t e d f o r invisible w r i t i n g t h e s h e e t music w a s p h o t o g r a p h e d . T h e n it w a s discovered t h a t , while t h e t i t l e s were uniform, t h e music w a s difj f e r e n t in each copy.

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A n a s p i r i n tablet dissolved in A s p y w a s once s e n t t o E n g l a n d w a t e r provides t h e m o s t distinctly w i t h n o t h i n g m o r e suspicious look- up-to-date invisible w r i t i n g fluid. i n g t h a n a s t a m p c o l l e c t o r s ^ al- W h e n used it leaves no perceptible b u m . S e t s of s t a m p s posted from ; t r a c e ; b u t expose it b e n e a t h an a n y B r i t i s h seaport would indicate | ultra-violet l a m p a n d t h e unseen t h a t , on t h e d a t e of t h e p o s t m a r k , | w r i t i n g begins t o glow. so n ; a n y different t y p e s of w a r * * * * vessels w e r e in t h e h a r b o u r , accord} T h e G e r m a n s in t h e G r e at War, i n g t o t h e n u m b e r a n d v a r i e t y of t h e s t a m p s . T h u s , t h r e e Monte- on c a p t u r i n g American soldiers, n e g r i n s t a m p s , t w o P e r u v i a n , a n d tried special w a y s t o m a k e t h e m f o u r Chilean m e a n t " t h r e e b a t t l e - talk. T h e s u r e s t , one G e r m a n Ins h i p s , t w o b a t t l e c r u i s e r s , a n d four telligence officer said, w a s : " J u s t get a few A m e r i c a n s f r o m differlight cruisers." e n t outfits a r g u i n g which w a s t h e * * * * * best outfit. T h e n e v e r y t h i n g you would come o u t . " S i g n a l s in broad d a y l i g h t m a y . w a n t e*d t o know * * * he p r o j e c t e d f o r m i l e s b y infraOnce Baden-Powell, equipped r e d l a m p s . Only g l a s s e s w i t h a j w i t h a sketchbook of finished and, special screen a t t a c h e d c a n discern ! unfinished d r a w i n g s of butterflies, t h e s e l i g h t r a y s a n d i n t e r p r e t t h e I a p a i n t box a n d a butterfly ^iet, w i n k i n g code flashes. P l a n e s fly- I discovered t h e position a n d power i n g h i g h a t n i g h t c a n receive such | of o r d n a n c e in t h e f o r t r e s s of Cats i g n a l s s e n t u p t h e c h i m n e y from I t a r o in D a l m a t i a . C a t c h i n g b u t a l a m p hidden in t h e h o m e of a ! terflies a s h e w e n t , h e c a m e close resident. | to t h e f o r t on t h e lonely m o u n t a i n * * * * * slope. H e t h e n sketched into t h e w i n g s of t h e butterflies t h e outI n Geneva d u r i n g t h e L e a g u e of lines of t h e s e p a r a t e f o r t s a n d t h e N a t i o n s assemblies o v e r M a n c h u - s i t u a t i o n a n d calibre of t h e g u n s . ria t h e J a p a n e s e a g e n t s g a v e T h e u n i n i t i a t e d took t h e h a r m l e s s g e n e r o u s t i p s t o hotel b o y s a n d looking lines a n d dots for p i c t u r e s c h a m b e r m a i d s all o v e r t h e city for of t h e m a r k i n g s on t h e i n s e c t s a n d collecting w a s t e p a p e r f r o m t h e t h e a r t i s t for a n eccentric E n g l i s h b a s k e t s in hotel r o o m s . I n t h e m a n . Hotel National, a Japanese bureau, * * * * staffed w i t h l i n g u i s t s , studied a n d Spies h a v e been frequently deciphered painstakingly these m a s s e s of t o r n s c r a p s of p a p e r on known t o c a r r y t h e i r r e p o r t s in a w h i c h w o r d s h a d b e e n scribbled small a l u m i n u m t u b e hidden up a in t h e 4 0 different l a n g u a g e s cur- nostril, o r in a s h o e s t r i n g . Often j t h e m e s s a g e is hidden a m i d t h e r e n t a t Geneva. tobacco in a pipe, which can be j !

5

DISCOURAGEMENT.

Catholic Publications published by Examiner Press. Obtainable from their Malayan Agents,

A Modern fable r e l a t e s how t h e devil once decided t h a t h e would go o u t of business a n d offered all his tools for sale t o a n y o n e w h o would p a y t h e price. T h e d a y of t h e sale t h e y were a t t r a c t i v e l y displayed—malice, h a tred, envy, jealousy, g r e e d d e c e i t A p a r t from t h e r e s t l a y a h a r m l e s s looking wedgeshaped tool much h i g h e r t h a n a n y t h i n g else. Someone asked t h e devil w h a t t h a t w a s . " T h a t ' s d i s c o u r a g e m e n t , " h e explained. " B u t w h y is it priced so h i g h ? " " B e c a u s e , " replied t h e devil, " i t is f a r more useful t o m e t h a n a n y one of t h e o t h e r s . V e r y few k n o w it belongs t o m e . If I c a n j u s t g e t inside a m a n ' s soul w i t h t h a t , I can do almost a n y t h i n g with h i m . It is much w o r n b e c a u s e I h a v e used it on n e a r l y e v e r y o n e . "

PETER

CHONG'S

Priests and People in Ireland, What the Catholic Church is and what She teaches, Adventists Doctrines, Archaic Religions, Galileo and his Condemnations, Hackefs Frauds & Forgeries, The Arch Liar Froude, Man's Great Concern, etc.

C E N T E N A R Y OF LOUVAIN R E O P E N I N G OBSERVED. By Rev. A n t h o n y Coppens.

L o u v a i n . — T h e centenary of the reopening of t h e University of Louvain h a s j u s t been celebrated amid i m p r e s s i v e ceremonies. T h e p a l l a d i u m of t h e university, t h e s t a t u e of O u r L a d y Seat of Wisdom, w a s carried in solemn procession from t h e Cathedral of lighted, b u r n i n g t h e i n c r i m i n a t i n g Louvain t o t h e C h a t e a u d'Heverdocument in case of imminent lee a n d placed on t h e front balcocapture. ny, below w h i c h an a l t a r w a s ere* * * * cted. Solemn Mass w a s offered in T h e G e r m a n c h e m i s t s ' technique t h e open-air b y t h e Most Rev. Paul d u r i n g t h e G r e a t W a r developed | Ladeuze, T i t u l a r Bishop of Tibeto a point w h e r e t h e y could con- riade a n d r e c t o r of university. The ceal secret inks i m p r e g n a t e d , choir w a s composed of t h e univerw i t h o u t discolouring, in clothes, s i t y ' s clerical s t u d e n t s a n d those such a s silk lingerie, h a n d k e r - I of t h e s e m i n a r i e s in t h e town. The chiefs, soft collars, cotton gloves, I s e r m o n w a s p r e a c h e d b y t h e Rev. silk. T h e s p y w h o received such \ P i n a r d de la Boulaye, of Paris. a g a r m e n t h a d only t o soak it in L Following t h e Mass a n academic distilled w a t e r or some o t h e r pres- sesssion w a s held, a t which the cribed solution, in o r d e r to b r i n g silver jubilee of Bishop Ladeuze's out t h e chemicals. H e t h e n wrote r e c t o r s h i p of t h e u n i v e r s i t y was his letter, u s i n g t h i s solution a s observed. A b a n q u e t followed the his secret ink, dried t h e g a r m e n t a c a d e m y a n d t h e d a y ' s programand p u t it a w a y f o r f u r t h e r use in ! m e closed w i t h a concert of six| t e e n t h c e n t u r y music. the same manner. J Louvain U n i v e r s i t y w a s reopenj ed a f t e r t h e F r e n c h Revolution, in W i t h t h e river Scarpe a t A r r a s | 1835. I n 1909, t h e seventy-fifth flowing past t h e B r i t i s h a n d on t o | a n n i v e r s a r y of t h e institution's ret h e e n e m y positions, a G e r m a n | opening, 2,300 s t u d e n t s attended spy sent military intelligence j t h e u n i v e r s i t y . I t n o w h a s a studown t h e r i v e r t o h i s w a i t i n g com- d e n t bodv of more t h a n 4,380. T h e fifth c e n t e n a r y of t h e unip a t r i o t s by c u t t i n g slits in fish, i n s e r t i n g h i s m e s s a g e s a n d float- ! v e r s i t y ' s founding b y Duke John ing t h e fish on down t h e river. j of B r a b a n t w a s m a r k e d in 1927. Information w a s frequently com- j T h e late K i n g Albert and his conmunicated in t h e V o s g e s region of j sort Participated in t h e celebration F r a n c e by c h i m n e y smoke, which | at t h a t t i m e in behalf of t h e Cacould be seen g r e a t distances a n d i tholic population of Belgium, while was r e g u l a t e d in d e n s i t y or even j 135 u n i v e r s i t i e s a n d 58 scientific expelled in carefully timed puffs t o | i n s t i t u t i o n s from all over the i world w e r e r e p r e s e n t e d . form a fairy flexible code. (N.C.W.C.) Readers Digest.

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MALAYA

CATHOLIC LEADER,

SATURDAY,

THE TRIAL AND DEATH OF THE IRISH PRIMATE, OLIVER PLUNKETT.

7th S e p t e m b e r , 1935.

CALVERT ASSOCIATES ENTERTAINED.

A EUCHARISTIC CONGRESS IN MADAGASCAR.

T h e r e is in t h e United S t a t e s , of F i a n a r a n t soa, (Madagascar)â&#x20AC;&#x201D; A m e r i c a a Society, called t h e By R E V . W . B . H A N N A N . All M a d a g a s c a r will p a r t i c i p a t e in | Calvert Associates, w h o keep green t h e m e m o r y of t h o s e Lords Balti- a g r a n d Eucharistic Congress in ( E x c e r p t s from Virgo P o t e n s ) . | m o r e whose family n a m e w a s Cal- October. T h e centre of events vert, a n d who m a d e in Maryland ! will be a t F i a n a r a n t s o a w h e r e t h e Many Catholics n o w a d a y s un- s p e n t in travelling from Dublin to t h e first experiment in religious ceremonies will be held October 9 der-estimate t h e g r a n d e u r of t h e London, so a t t h e stipulated t i m e , liberty. Some of t h e Associates t o 13. All t h e Bishops of Madasacrifice m a d e by I r i s h a n d E n - t h e witnesses for Dr. P l u n k e t t h a d recently went on p i l g r i m a g e t o glish m a r t y r s like Blessed Oliver not arrived. I t would have m a d e E n g l a n d and received hospitality g a s c a r , t o g e t h e r with a l a r g e numPlunkett a n d S a i n t s T h o m a s More no difference in t h e end, if his and a cordial welcome from m a n y ber of clergy a n d laity, will t a k e and J o h n F i s h e r . w i t n e s s e s h a d come, a s they would , h o s t s and societies. I p a r t in t h e celebrations, while : Catholics all over t h e island will Yet, i t w a s for such a sacred be derided, insulted a n d disbelievT h e y were received by t h e Arch- c a r r y o u t ceremonies in t h e i r own cause t h a t m a n y holy a n d noble ed. His d e a t h w a s alreay planned m a r t y r s died. Many m o r e wept in advance. T h e wretched w i t n e s s - ! bishop of W e s t m i n s t e r , Dr. Hin- local c h u r c h e s and chapels. in prison and b i t t e r e x i l e ; t h e es for t h e Crown a s s e r t e d t h a t t h e ! sley, who addressed t h e m a t This is t h e second E u c h a r i s t i c laity suffered confiscation of m e e k a n d holy P r i m a t e w a s t o length. | C o n g r e s s in M a d a g a s c a r ; t h e first r a i s e 70,000 p a p i s t s t o meet t h e j T h e leaders of t h e pilgrimage homes a n d possessions, a n d every w a s held last y e a r a t T a n n a n a r i v e . ! F r e n c h a t Carlingford Bay. ; were Rev. J a m e s Gillis, E d i t o r of class of Catholics endured degradI t s purpose, like t h a t of all such deT h e p r i s o n e r h a d nothing t o op- t h e 100 year old monthly, " T h e ing disabilities, abject poverty, and were forbidden b u t in a n alien pose t h e lying testimony, b u t h i s I Catholic World," a n d Mr. Michael m o n s t r a t i o n s , will be t o give Malaway to worship God. All t h i s h a p - solemn a n d absolute denial. H e ; Williams. Editor of t h e "Common- g a s y Catholics an o p p o r t u n i t y to affirm t h e i r faith in t h e Blessed pened m o r e or less down t o t h e m a d e an able d e f e n c e : b u t t h e j u r y j weal." granting of Catholic E m a n c i p a t i o n I only deliberated for fifteen minuU n d e r t h e auspices of t h e E u c h a r i s t . I t will also h a v e a s a | t e s to a r r i v e a t t h e verdict of : Catholic Council for International special a i m t h e f o r m a t i o n of a for penal centuries. | guilty, which t h e y were expected N a t i v e Clergy. Owing t o t h e During t h e reign of Charles II, I t o give. T h e trial w a s simply a ! Relations, there w a s a reception of s h o r t a g e of priests in Madagascar, a series of plots aroused P r o t e s - j judicial m u r d e r of Dr. P l u n k e t t . j t h e Calvert pilgrims a t t h e Breaktant h a t r e d , b u t t h e so-called Po- ; T h e n t h e Lord Chief Justice Pern- j speare Club. T h e pilgrims were people living in t h e r e m o t e d i s t r i c t s pish plot, w a s t h e most successful I berton, seemed to outdo t h e g r e a t - j on t h e i r w a y to Rome. T h e y came m u s t go without M a s s for long M a s s a c h u s e t t s , periods and t h e y do n o t h a v e t h e in its diabolic ends, b e i n g fostered I e s t p a r t i s a n s of a b r u t a l age in t h e j from California, by t h e arch-enemy of Catholicism. i s a v a g e r y of h i s sentence on t h e j New York, Ohio. Kentuckey, Con- o p p o r t u n i t y of a p p r o a c h i n g t h e H e emploved , gentle, innocent Archbishop of necticut, New J e r s e y , Pennsyl- S a c r a m e n t s frequently. A n u m e Lord S h a f t s b u r y . vania and Tennesse- Many of an a r m y of p e r j u r e r s like Titus i A r m a g h . Oliver Plunkett w a s t h e m w e r e distinguished profes- rous native clergy would remedy Oates t o e n t r a p his victims. i sentenced to d e a t h for his religion, sional m e n and women. T h e pil- t h i s situation, and hence priestly A f t e r Lord Stafford's d e a t h , he j a n d not for t h e foully concocted g r i m s intended t o visit Catholic vocations will be proposed t o t h e turned h i s a t t e n t i o n to Ireland, ! plot of Duffy, M u r p h y and McMo- s h r i n e s in F r a n c e , a n d Italy a n d people as t h e special object of their prayers at the Congress. The and fastened upon one whose in- I y e r . w e r e t o be received in special nocence w a s apparent t o friend j p a r e n t s also will be t a u g h t t o apT h e J u d g e said in t r u c u l e n t audience by t h e Pope. and foe. Two unfrocked clerics I voice a n d s n e e r i n g tones, "Look | p r e c i a t e t h e g r a n d e u r of t h e were secured to swear a w a y t h e !j v c u , Mr. P l u n k e t t , you have been j priesthood and t h e b e a u t y of havlife of Archbishop P l u n k e t t . of j| h e r e indicted of a very g r e a t tions in Catechism a r e being held ing a son a priest. T h e Confeall t h e Catholic schools, a n d t h e in A r m a g h , under t h e plea t h a t he j and heinous crime, t h e g r e a t e s t of j rences a t t h e Congress will be on was organising rebellion and t h e all crimes, a n d t h a t is high t r e a - ! t w o b e s t pupils of each diocese will " T h e H o s t . " T h e Holy M a s s , " and t o t h e Congress with all be s e n t murder of P r o t e s t a n t s . T h e gentle j: son. and t r u l y y o u r s is t r e a s o n of " T h e Priesthood." and saintly P r i m a t e led a s poor a I t h e h i g h e s t n a t u r e ; it is in t r u t h a j expenses paid. A crusade of p r a y e r s for t h e life as t h a t of h i s clergy, a n d his !â&#x20AC;˘ t r e a s o n a g a i n s t God a n d your A special Congress H y m n will be Eniscopal residence w a s a r e m o t e j selected from compositions sub- success of t h e Congress h a s been king, a n d t h e c o u n t r y w h e r e you I cabin. carried on t h r o u g h o u t t h e island m i t t e d by native poets and musici| lived. You h a v e done as m u c h a s ans. This h y m n , incidentally, for several weeks. D u r i n g L e n t Dr. P l u n k e t t was accused of you could to dishonour God in t h i s complicity in t h e plot, a n d on 6th jI c a s e ; for t h e bottom of your t r e a - m u s t be spirited a n d v i b r a n t if it is a l m s were g a t h e r e d t o m e e t t h e Competitive examinat o convey adequately t h e faith a n d expenses. December w a s imprisoned in t h e | son w a s , y o u r s e t t i n g u p your (Continued at foot of col. 3.) e n t h u s i a s m of t h e Malagasies. dungeon of Dublin Castle. H e w a s false religion, t h a n which t h e r e is brought t o Dundalk for t r i a l a t not a n y t h i n g m o r e displeasing to the s u m m e r Assizes of 1680, and Gcd, or m o r e pernicious t o m a n - I was charged with t r e a s o n . T h e kind in t h e world. A religion t h a t ; degraded clerics were afraid to is ten t i m e s worse t h a n all t h e face even t h e P r o t e s t a n t j u r y , and j h e a t h e n i s h Q C E - P O I T l P E m n superstitions, the the P r i m a t e w a s sent back t o his j m o s t dishonourable and derogadunsreon. He petitioned t o be tried t o r y to God a n d His glory, of all m f i T R O i L . m at t h e K i n g ' s Bench in Dublin, b u t ! religions or pretended religions, another course w a s resolved on j w h a t s o e v e r , for i t u n d e r t a k e s t o with h i m . H e w a s t h e n carried t o i dispense w i t h God's laws, a n d to [j London, a n d cast into t h e closest pardon t h e b r e a c h e s of t h e m : so ! confinement in t h e Tower, w i t h o u t t h a t certainly a g r e a t e r crime writing material, or t h e power of t h e r e c a n n o t be committed a g a i n s t | communicating w i t h h i s friends. God t h a n f o r a m a n to endeavour In 1681 a Bill of I n d i c t m e n t w a s t h e p r o p a g a t i o n of t h a t religion; sent un a g a i n s t him before a pack- b u t you t o effect t h i s , have designed Middlesex J u r y . ed t h e d e a t h of your lawful prince Some lewd Irish p r i e s t s , and a n d king, a n d t h e n your design of others of t h a t nation, heariner t h a t blood in t h e kingdom w h e r e you England w a s a t t h a t t i m e dispos- lived, t o s e t all t o g e t h e r by t h e ed to hearken t o good s w e a r e r s , j e a r s , t o d e s t r o y poor innocent peothought themselves well qualified ' ple, t o p r o s t i t u t e t h e i r lives and j for t h e e m p l o y m e n t ; so t h e y came j liberties, a n d all t h a t is d e a r to to swear t h a t t h e r e w a s a g r e a t | t h e m , t o t h e t y r a n n y of Rome and plot in Ireland t o b r i n g over a F r a n c e , a n d by introducing a French a r m y a n d t o m a s s a c r e all [ F r e n c h a r m y , w h a t a g r e a t e r evil the English. T h e w i t n e s s e s were can be designed by a n y m a n ? " brutal and profligate m e n ; t h e y j were examined b y t h e P a r l i a m e n t A r c h b i s h o p P l u n k e t t w a s senat W e s t m i n s t e r , a n d w h a t t h e y tenced t o a shameful d e a t h and said w a s believed. T h e witnesses executed on 1st July, after t h e E a r l appeared before upon a bill offered of E s s e x , a f o r m e r Lord Lieuteto t h e g r a n d j u r y ; b u t t h e y con- n a n t , solicited in vain his pardon tradicted each o t h e r so evidently, from K i n g . H e asserted from his that t h e y could not find t h e bill. own knowledge of Dr. P l u n k e t t In t h e E a s t e r T e r m of 1681. t h a t w h a t w a s s w o r n a g a i n s t h i m notwithstanding t h e p e r j u r y of t h e could n o t b e t r u e . T h e K i n g inwitnesses, t h e A r c h b i s h o p w a s a r - d i g n a n t l y r e p l i e d : raigned for high t r e a s o n . T h e " T h e n , m y Lord, be his blood on Archbishop asked for t i m e t o y o u r own conscience, you m i g h t bring witnesses, a n d t h e y gave h a v e saved h i m if you would; I him five weeks, w h i c h w a s not I cannot pardon him, because I dare enough time, considering t h e I not." T h e p u r e blood of t h e Saintwretched roads, c h a n c e convey- j ly P r i m a t e of Ireland was t h e last ances, and often c o n t r a r y winds Warfrt Studios. {Continued on page 19 col. 4.) ^'hich often caused weeks to be ;

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Woman*s

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"A WOMAN IS WORTH TWELVE APOSTLES PREACHING FROM HOUSETOPS''.

'Every child needs milk every day

h e a d of it is not capable of h i s WOMEN AS APOSTLES. t a s k . I t will b e y o u r w o r k t o r e a r S p e a k i n g of t h e S a m a r i t a n wot h o s e w h o will become fit, capable, m a n after h e r conversation with C h r i s t a t J a c o b ' s well, A b b e j and C h r i s t i a n leaders. W h o k n o w s Landrieux says: " A w o m a n is w h a t t h i s o r t h a t child m a y one d a y b e c o m e ? I t m a y b e t h a t in w o r t h twelve apostles p r e a c h i n g f r o m t h e h o u s e t o p s . " T h e w o m a n , his t i n y h a n d is a l r e a d y t h e instrument by which a great change c o n v e r t e d b y C h r i s t , w h o gave, t o h e r t h e first i n s t r u c t i o n s on sanc- will b e m a d e in t h e world. T o p r e p a r e a child for h i s w o r k in t h e t i f y i n g g r a c e of w h i c h w e know, w e n t back t o S i c h e m filled w i t h en- world is o n e of t h e n o b l e s t — a n d RECIPES. HOUSEHOLD HINTS. t h u s i a s m f o r t h e wonderful doc- also o n e of t h e m o s t responsible | 0 t a s k s t h a t c a n be confided t o a t r i n e of w h i c h s h e h a d j u s t h a d a Nottingham Pudding. How t o Clean. h u m a n being. A r e y o u p r e p a r i n g glimpse. She became its most yourself in such a w a y a s t o bezealous apostle. " C o m e a n d s e e / ' Peel a n d q u a r t e r six large apP a i n t e d Goods ( n o t p i c t u r e s ) . - come a fit t e a c h e r of y o u r childs h e said, " c o m e a n d see a m a n ples, t a k e o u t t h e cores, M them Squeeze a cloth o u t of h o t w a t e r r e n f o r God's c a u s e ? w h o h a s told m e all t h i n g s w h a t u p with s u g a r , a n d place them in and r u b on a little w h i t i n g until s o e v e r I h a v e done. I s not he t h e T H E MOTHER A N D T H E t h e d i r t is removed. Rinse well, a pie-dish, cover t h e m w i t h a light Christ? CHILD. b a t t e r , w i t h one ounce of finely d r y a n d polish w i t h a piece of Napoleon, w a s a s k e d w h e n t h e chamois. A n d s t r a i g h t a w a y infected b y chopped s u e t on t h e t o p , and bake education of a child o u g h t t o b e h e r e n t h u s i a s m a legion of w h i t e P a t e n t l e a t h e r s h o e s should not one hour. g i n : " T w e n t y y e a r s before it is robed Samaritans set out t o hear * * * * * be cleaned w i t h o r d i n a r y blacking, b o r n , " h e said, " t h r o u g h t h e edut h e t e a c h i n g of t h e M a s t e r . T h e r e Rice P u d d i n g . b u t with a little milk, or n o w a n d cation of t h e m o t h e r . " w e r e m a n y of t h e m , a n d t h e y w e r e W a s h t w o ounces of rice well, a g a i n a small a m o u n t of vaseline, T h e r e c a n be f e w t a s k s of well disnosed. A t t h e s i e h t of which p r e v e n t s i t h a r d e n i n g a n d p u t into a g r e a s e d pie-dish, and g r e a t e r i m p o r t a n c e t h a n t h a t of t h e m C h r i s t rejoiced. He retwo ounces of s u g a r , one ounce of cracking. e s t a b l i s h i n g a h o m e . W h e n I see joiced, a n d y e t he w a s sad. H e P o t s should be cleaned i m - suet, a little salt, a n d grated nutcertain girls getting m a r r i e d , mediately a f t e r b e i n g used. reioiced to s e e t h e m come t o h i m m e g (if liked), s t i r u p , pour in a If thirsting- f o r t h e t r u e life, f o r t h e pint and a half of milk, and bake t h e y have contained s t a r c h y foods grift of God. H e w a s sad. because A CHILD OF MY CHOICE. clean w i t h cold w a t e r , if g r e a s y , in a slow oven t w o h o u r s . he s a w t h a t t h e r e would be few use h o t w a t e r a n d soda. T h e o u t * * * * * apostles t o c o n t i n u e t h e missionsides of t h e p o t s should b e k e p t Let folly praise that fancy loves, I Ground Rice P u d d i ng. a r y w o r k o f t h e S a m a r i t a n wonicely polished a n d t h e deposit of praise and love that Child Mix one ounce of ground rice jman. H e n c e t h o s e w o r d s in which soot which g e t s on t h e b o t t o m Whose heart no thought, Whose w i t h a p a r t of a half-pint of milk, t h e r e is a n o t e of h a u n t i n g sorrow should be removed, a s o t h e r w i s e tongue no word, Whose hand no w a r m t h e o t h e r p a r t , add half an f o r t h o s e t h a t can h e a r i t : " T h e j t h e pot t a k e s longer to h e a t a n d j deed defiled. ounce of b u t t e r , t h e n pour t h e milk h a r v e s t indeed is g r e a t b u t t h e j uses m o r e fuel. P o t s which h a v e over a n d cook f o r about five l a b o u r e r s a r e f e w . " T h e S a m a r i - i I praise Him most, 1 love Him best, got r u s t y should be cleaned w i t h all praise and love is His; m i n u t e s , s t i r r i n g all t h e time, add t a n s unlike t h e J e w s a n d t h e Gali- j a little e m e r y p a p e r a n d sweet While Him I love, in Him I live, and a n ounce a n d a half of sugar, the leans, who wore strined tunics and oil, a n d if n o t g o i n g t o be used f o r cannot live amiss. g r a t e d rind of half a lemon, a cloaks, w e r e d r e s s e d in w h i t e a t i m e should be rubbed over w i t h i pinch of salt, a n d w h e n cool pour Love's sweetest mark, laud's highest a n d i t w a s of t h o s e r a t h e r t h a n of grease. a beaten e g g over, place in a greastheme, man's most desired light. t h e r i n e n i n g corn t h a t C h r i s t w a s R a n g e . — T o clean a r a n g e — 1 . j ed pie dish a n d b a k e for twenty To love Him life, to leave Him death, t h i n k i n g w h e n h e sooke of t h e F i r s t close all doors a n d windows i m i n u t e s . to live in Him delight. " h a r v e s t . " A n d h e foresaw t h a t t o p r e v e n t soot from blowing J He mine by gift, 1 His by debt, thus * * * * * t h r o u g h w a n t of apostles t h e y about. 2. Lift off all t h e movable CUP PUDDING. each to other due, wo"]d fall a g a i n i n t o e r r o r . p a r t s of t h e r a n g e one b y one a n d j Take equal quantities, say a teacupful, First friend He was, best friend He Souls a r e w a i t i n g ; t h e world b r u s h off a n y soot into a paper. of crumbs, shred suet, flour, currants, is, all times will try Him true. n e e d s a p o s t l e s ; t h e fields call f o r 3. Remove t h e b a r s and r a k e all and raisins, one half a teacupful of Though young, yet wise, though small, w o r k e r s . W h o wil come t o t h e cinders a n d clean well u n d e r t h e : sugar, a little mixed spice, and a teayet strong; though man, yet G o d j harvest? boiler. 4 W o r k t h e flue b r u s h u p i spoonful of baking powder; clean the currants, stone and cut the raisins, mix He is; and down in each flue a s f a r a s i t I together, A MOTHER'S RESPONSIBILITY. add enough milk to moisten it, As wise He knows, as strong He can, will reach. 5. B r u s h all t h e s<*ot tie in a floured cloth, boil for three " T h e h a n d t h a t r o c k s t h e cradle as G o d He loves to bliss. from over t h e ovens down t h e hours. rules t h e world." I t seems t h a t His knowledge rules, His strength \ p a s a g e s a t each side. 6. On t o a m o d e r n life r e q u i r e s w o m e n t o * * * * defends, His love doth cherish all; p a p e r r a k e o u t all t h e soot from take a greater p a r t t h a n formerly FRUIT PUDDINGS. His birth our joy, His life our light, u n d e r t h e ovens. 7. Replace t h e i r t h e conduct of i n s t i t u t i o n s , a n d Put six ounces of flour into a bowl His death our end of thrall. movable p a r t s , b r u s h well over j with a little baking powder, salt, and each, according t o h e r rank a n d Alas! He weeps, He sighs, He pants, a n d blacklead. Clean t h e steel two ounces of suet finely chopped, mix condition, i n social a n d political yet do His angels sing; p a r t s w i t h b a t h b r i c k a n d oil. all to a stiff paste with cold water. life also. Y o u h a v e t o p r e p a r e Out of His tears, His sighs and throbs, Silver.—First wash well in Have ready some greased cups, roll out yourself, t h e r e f o r e , n o t onlv t o doth bud a joyful spring. w a r m soapy w a t e r . T h e n clean the paste once, line each cup with the look a f t e r y o u r h o m e , b u t also t o Almighty Babe! Whose tender arms w i t h a p a s t e m a d e of p r e c i p i t a t - paste, then fill them with any fresh fulfil y o u r t a s k i n t h e social a n d say apples, peeled, cored, and cut can force all foes to fly, ed w h i t i n g a n d w a t e r , t o w h i c h is fruit, into slices, sweeten to taste, cover with civil world. W e m u s t n o t allow Correct my faults, protect my life, added a little a m m o n i a . Polish off paste, lay a piece of greased paper over o u r e n e m i e s alone t o concern direct me when I die. well with a soft b r u s h or chamois each, and steam for one hour. themselves with this most import—ROBERT SOUTHWELL, S. J. To p r e c i p i t a t e w h i t i n g leather. T h e child will be s o m e t h i n g of t h e ant preparation. p u t some in a m u s l i n b a g a n d t i e same kind. A p r e t t y heritage to B u t do n o t f o r g e t t h a t y o u r k n o w i n g t h e m a s I do t o be e m p t y it t o t h e h a n d l e of a j u g , leaving give h e r offspring! first d u t v i s n o t t o t a k e p a r t i n headed, frivolous, incapable of se- t h e b a g inside t h e j u g a n d coverThink of t h i s . You are not public life, t o organize political r i o u s behaviour, good-looking a n d ed w i t h w a t e r . I n t h e m o r n i n g bound t o establish a h o m e ; but if p a r t i e s , o r t o g o v e r n municiDal p l e a s a n t , n o doubt, b u t in no sense w i t h o u t s h a k i n g it p o u r t h e w a t e r institutions. Y o u r p a r t in s u c h responsible p e r s o n s o r likely t o be o u t of t h e j u g a n d w h a t e v e r w h i t - you do, y o u r children will be—to a certain e x t e n t — a f t e r your likework, however important it m a y able t o b r i n g u p a f a m i l y — I often i n g h a s come t h r o u g h t h e muslin "become, ~ e a n - 4 ^ v e r J b e - o t h e r t h a n ^wonder w h a t t h e y will do if God b a g , will, w h e n dried, b e t h e pro- ness. If you could sift what you a r e t r a n s m i t t i n g , it would be anY o u r gives t h e m children. s e c o n d a r y a n d indirect. p e r sort t o u s e for silver o r a n v o t h e r tiring. B u t y o u c a n n o t : j t primary task, a n d w h a t a sacred S o m e t i m e s t o flatter a y o u n g such goods a s m i g h t get s c r a t c h e d is not left t o y o u r discretion. And t a s k i t i s , will b e t o p r e p a r e f o r m o t h e r people s a y of t h e b a b y : b y t h e coarse m a t e r i a l . a p a r t from t h i s hereditary intheir future labours children " T h e v e r y i m a g e of h e r m o t h e r ! " fluence, which, however, must not m a n y of w h o m a r e t h e m s e l v e s Well j u s t look a t t h e m o t h e r . Experience in t h e Firing Line. caPed b v P r o v i d e n c e later t o t a k e W h a t is s h e ? A foolish and inMr. S m i t h : I see y o u r d a u g h t e r be e x a g g e r a t e d t h e r e is also to be considered t h e influence of the a l e a d i n g p a r t in public affairs. significant nonentity, w i t h o u t is g e t t t i n g m a r r i e d . Is s h e really m o t h e r on t h e child already born Y o u h a v e t o d e v o t e yourself t o fit for t h e b a t t l e of m a r r i e d life? c h a r a c t e r , incapable of a n y deep and developing. A r e you equal to t h e cause, n o t m e r e l y t o effects. Mrs. J o n e s : Well, s h e srould b e ; feeling, w h e t h e r of p i t y or of g e I f m e n a r e good, t h e i r w o r k s will t h e t a s k ? If y o u a r e to raise annerosity, w i t h o u t a n y t r u e v i r t u e . s h e h a s been in four e n g a g m e n t s b e good a l s o . I f a n i n s t i t u t i o n i s other, you m u s t yourself be abo\e (Continued at foot of col. 4.) already. ^- « v^aA o t A t e . i t is because t h e the average.

'MILKMAID" MILK


MALAYA

CATHOLIC

LEADER,

SATURDAY,

7th September, 1935.

GREAT CATHOLIC CONGRESS AT PRAGUE JEWS MAY NOT SPEAK LOUDLY.

ATTENDED BY THRONG O F 500,000

PILGRIMAGE HONOURS ST. MARGARET, Q U E E N OF SCOTS.

Edinburgh.—12,000 persons took p a r t in t h e a n n u a l p i l g r i m a g e t o D u n f e r m l i n e in honour of S t . M a r g a r e t of Scotland. The pilgrims Will m a k e t h e m liable t o a r r e s t . w e r e led by t h e Most Rev. J o s e p h Berlin. . MacDonald, A r c h b i s h o p of E d i n Half a dozen instances when a burgh. German m a y lawfully a r r e s t a J e w T h e V e r y Rev. Msgr. F u l t o n J . ( B y V Myslivec.) were listed recently in an article in Sheen, of t h e Catholic U n i v e r s i t y the organ of t h e Schwarzes K o r p s P r a g u e . — T h e n u m b e r of p e r " 'May God bless you a n d g u a r d of A m e r i c a , preached t h e s e r m o n , Storm Troopers, u n d e r t h e signa- | sons w h o a t t e n d e d t h e F i r s t All- you, m a y t h e Lord let H i s face in which h e pointed out h o w S t . t u r e of D r . Garnack, an official of S t a t e Congress of Czechoslovakia's s h i n e upon you and be merciful t o M a r g a r e t , t h e holy Queen of t h e t h e S. A. Catholics, j u s t held here, is esti- you, let t h e Lord t u r n H i s face Scots, applied spiritual remedies t o The a r r e s t of a J e w m a y be m a d e mated a t 500,000. A l t h o u g h P r a - t o w a r d s you a n d give you p e a c e : cure t h e social a n d political ills of according t o t h i s a u t h o r i t y , in g u e is proverbially a city of con- Vejosem lecho s h a l o m / her time. cases of public scandal which e n - | gresses t h e Pan-Catholic manifesT h e a n s w e r w a s signed b y t h e " T h e ills of t o d a y , " Msgr. Sheen sue when t h e J e w , violating t h e tation o u t n u m b e r e d all previous Most Rev. Leopold P r e c a n , A r c h - I said, " a r e not political or economic, hospitality of G e r m a n y , a p p e a r s rallies. bishop of Olomouc and C h a i r m a n t h e y a r e moral, t h e y a r e religious. in public w i t h a G e r m a n w o m a n . T h e P a g a l Legate, H i s E m i n e n c e of t h e C o n g r e s s ; t h e Most Rev. T h e soul of civilization is sick, a n d Other i n s t a n c e s when a J e w m a y Jean Cardinal Verdier, A r c h b i s h o p Karel K a s p a r , A r c h b i s h o p of P r a t h e world is in need of s o m e t h i n g find himself a r r e s t e d is w h e n h*> of P a r i s , declared he simply could g u e and P r i m a t e of Bohemia, a n d s p i r i t u r a l . " (Lumen-N.C W.C.) behaves w i t h o u t t a c t a t a ball not find words t o e x p r e s s his a p - t h e Rev. Dr. J . J . Ruckl, E x e c u t i v e or when h e a t t r a c t s a t t e n t i o n by preciation of t h e reception which ' S e c r e t a r y of Congress. speaking loudly at a b a t h i n g j Czechoslovakia's Catholics p r e p a r Attendance at Events. FAR EASTERN MUSIC place. B e i n g guilty of such a ! ed for h i m . H e s a i d : " I shall tell T h e events of t h e Congress d r e w SCHOOL m i s d e m e a n o u r is a menace t o ' t h e Holy F a t h e r t h a t I h a v e never j large a t t e n d a n c e . H e r e a r e some public order, s a y s t h e article. • seen a m o r e beautiful t h i n g in m y ! of t h e figures: 15,000 y o u n g m e n " W h e n t h e G e r m a n soul shall j life." | a n d women m a r c h e d t h r o u g h t h e 1-A, K i r k Terrace h a v e become m o r e awakened t o When processions w e r e held ; s t r e e t s of P r a g u e t h e opening d a y ; (Off Dhoby G h a u t ) :such m a t t e r s , " the* doctor goes Papal flags were flown not only on I 30,000 y o u n g men a n d w o m e n SINGAPORE. on. " t h e p u n i s h m e n t of t h e J e w s I all Governmental a n d Municipal : shouted " Glory to t h e Holy will have extended to include all I buildings but also on all banks, j F a t h e r ** a t t h e Slavia S p o r t s T h e only and oldest i n s t i t u t i o n cases w h e n t h e finer sensibilities of i t s kind in Singapore w i t h j t h e a t r e s , p r i v a t e houses a n d de- I Field l a t e r on t h e s a m e d a y ; of t h e G e r m a n a r e wounded."—• up-to-date equipment. Had | p a r t m e n t s t o r a g e s , t h e employees 250,000 people paid h o m a g e t o t h e "Havas. gained a series of successes in • a n d officials s t a n d i n g in t h e win- Holy E u c h a r i s t a t t h e E u c h a r i s t i c t h e T r i n i t y College E x a m i n a dows, waving P a p a l a n d national procession in t h e s t r e e t s of P r a g u e tions in t h e p a s t . No a g e r e s ANTI-SEMITIC D R I V E I N \ flags and acclaimed t h e Cardinal a n d a t St. Wenceslaus S q u a r e ; triction. W r i t e for p a r t i c u l a r s . 400,000 faithful a t t e n d e d t h e Field REICH. Legate. Mass s u n g by t h e Cardinal L e g a t e o Response t o R a b b i n a t e . M. A N C I A N O . a t t h e S t r a h o v Sports S t a d i u m . Two J e w s Get Jail Sentence for A l e t t e r of g r e e t i n g s s e n t to t h e Principal. T h e P a p a l L e g a t e left P r a g u e to Speeding. Congress C o m m i t t e e by t h e H i g h m a k e a t r i p t h r o u g h CzechoslovaR a b b i n a t e of t h e J e w i s h Community in P r a g u e created a sensation kia and it is h i s intention t o visit choice of t h e Holy See which h a s Berlin. and b r o u g h t t h e following r e s various i m p o r t a n t cities in t h e sent t o P r a g u e , as t h e Apostolic The latest development in t h e E a s t e r n p a r t of t h e Republic. H e German anti-Semitic drive w a s I ponse from t h e Catholic Congress will visit Velehrad, scene of m a n y L e g a t e , Your E m i n e n c e , t h e A r c h bishop of P a r i s , one of t h e most | C o m m i t t e e : t h e sentences passed on t w o J e w s "You have been so kind and congresses, w h e r e a triple jubilee famous a n d most esteemed ecclefor speeding while riding bicycles, is being observed, t h e 1050th a n n i one got t e n m o n t h s , t h e o t h e r one have welcomed t h e All-State Ca- v e r s a r y of t h e death of St. M e t h o - siastical dignitaries of t h e c o u n t r y which is especially dear to all ' th'olic Congress with t h e biblical year in jail. j g r e e t i n g of peace, which g r e e t i n g dius, t h e 200th a n n i v e r s a r y of t h e Czechoslovak h e a r t s / * "Leave J e w s . T h e t r a i n is de! a p p e a r s in n u m e r o u s v a r i a t i o n s in renovation of t h e Basilica a t VeResponse of Legate. parting t h i s minute,** is t h e in! lehrad a n d t h e 45th a n n i v e r s a r y of His E m i n e n c e said in r e p l y : scription which a d o r n s t h e walls j t h e Books of t h e Old a n d N e w j t h e h a n d i n g over into t h e c a r e of "I t h a n k you for y o u r kind outside t h e r a i l w a y station a t B a d T e s t a m e n t s . I t h e J e s u i t F a t h e r s of t h e V e l e h r a d " F r o m t h e depth of o u r souls we words which you have a d d r e s s e d Freinwald n e a r Berlin, while J e w s ! Shrine and Monastery. have been forbidden e n t r y t o a site t h a n k you for t h i s m e s s a g e jand While H i s E m i n e n c e w a s in P r a - to m e . T h e high mission e n t r u s t where archaeologists a r e e x c a v a t - r e i t e r a t e vour g r e e t i n g m o s t cor- j g u e m a n y courtesies were e x c h a n g - ed to m e by t h e Holy F a t h e r is a n ing at H o m e n e a r Lippe in a n ef- dially. j ed between t h e Papal L e g a t e and honour of which I shall r e m a i n fort to u n e a r t h t h e r u i n s of a n an" F i a t p a x in v i r t u t e t u a . T h e ! t h e ecclesiastical and G o v e r n m e n t - proud t h r o u g h all m y life. T h e cient G e r m a n S a n c t u a r y . words of t h e P s a l m i s t which you I al p e r s o n a g e s . A t o a s t proposed unforgettable reception which I In addition t h e head of a n I m - quote form a p a r t of daily p r a y e r s I by t h e Czechoslovak F o r e i g n Minis- have received from t h e P r e s i d e n t port Concern in Berlin forbade h i s of t h e Catholic Church. W e a r e I t e r , Dr. E d w a r d Benes, a t a din- of t h e Republic, from all m e m b e r s employees t o consult J e w i s h doc- certainly of t h e s a m e opinion a s j n e r given by him in h o n o u r of t h e of t h e G o v e r n m e n t and from y o u r tors.—Havas. you t h a t , t h e world being formed j Papal L e g a t e , a t which d i n n e r t h e people have lent an e n o r m o u s into t w o camps only, t h e c a m p of j Diplomatic Corps, t h e P r e m i e r and charm to m y mission. W i t h j o y I O F F I C I A L R E P R E S E N T E D A T those w h o believe in God and t h e o t h e r Cabinet Ministers a n d nu- shall s u b m i t t o t h e S u p r e m e P o n GIFT EXHIBITION. c a m p of God's a d v e r s a r i e s , com- merous civic a n d ecclesiastic per- tiff a r e p o r t of all t h e w o n d e r s I have seen in t h i s beautiful c o u n t r y mon values of faith a n d morals sonages were present, follows: P a r i s . T h e P r e s i d e n t of t h e i o u g h t t o be protected b y all people i " Y o u r E m i n e n c e : I join a g a i n and especially in t h e h e a r t s of y o u r Council of M i n i s t e r s a n d t h e Mini- who build on t h e sacred t r u t h s of ! with t h e n u m b e r s of t h o s e w h o people. ster of Colonies both h a v e s h o w n t h e Revelation of God. T h e noble have cordially welcomed you and " T h i s Congress will be a n event the i n t e r e s t which t h e y h a v e in t h e I c o m m a n d m e n t of love of God h a v e wished a verj' p l e a s a n t in t h e h i s t o r y of Catholic C o n g r e s work of Catholic Missions b y send- | which is contained in t h e Old sojourn in o u r Republic. ses because of t h e royal h o s p i t a l i t y ing an official r e p r e s e n t a t i v e f r o m T e s t a m e n t forms a common basis "In t h e first place I w a n t to j which you extend t o your g u e s t s , each of t h e i r offices t o t h e exposi- of t h a t which is sacred to J e w s t h a n k sincerely t h e Holy See for because of t h e enticing b e a u t y of tion of c h u r c h o r n a m e n t s a n d e m - and t o Catholics. sending Your Eminence a s t h e your capital city a n d because of broideries p r e p a r e d by c h a r i t a b l e Apostolic L e g a t e to t h e P r a g u e t h e a r r a n g e m e n t a n d splendour of of peace which is " T h e m e s s a g e Christians for u s e of t h e m i s s i o n s . t h e ceremonies. I a m s u r e t h a t proclaimed by t h e All-State Catho- Catholic Congress. The exposition w a s o r g a n i s e d b y lic Congress, is intended for t h e "I f u r t h e r w a n t t o emphasize j t h e C o n g r e s s will exercise a v e r y t h e Oeuvre Apostolique which p r o - whole world and for all mankind t h a t t h i s mission seals—in o u r happy influence on t h e fate of y o u r motes i n t e r e s t in t h e c o n t r i b u t i o n s , w i t h o u t discrimination, a s each in- e y e s — t h e definite application of beautiful c o u n t r y . It will consolito t h e apostolate in d i s t a n t l a n d s . • date still m o r e firmly t h e n a t i o n a l dividual h u m a n soul h a s infinite t h e Modus Vivendi which r e g u l a t e s T h i s organization d a t e s back t o i unity of souls and h e a r t s a n d thus__ the Hul> S e e t h e relations between YoiT 1838 w h e n Mile, du C h e s n e s e n t ; value in the~eyes~of~God. it will h e l p you in t h e noble t a s k and o u r Republic a n d which will the first gifts t o t h e P i c p u s F a - have g r e e t e d t h e Congress with surely r e m a i n in t h e f u t u r e a firm u n d e r t a k e n by t h e C z e c h o s l o v a k t h e r s on t h e Gambier I s l a n d s , ! t h e words of t h e P s a l m i s t . P e r - and c o n s t a n t basis of t h e s e friend- Republic, a n d especially b y y o u . Oceania. To-day. 9 8 g r o u p s in i m i t u s t o reply to you with t h e ly relations between u s a n d t h e Monsieur le M i n i s t r e , who a r e fulFrance continue t h e work a n d li- words of t h e High P r i e s t ' s bless- Vatican. filling t h i s t a s k in such a noble nens a n d vesels valued a t m o r e ing, t h e words of t h a t noble Jevem a n n e r for t h e happiness of y o u r I should like t o e x p r e s s "Finally Adonaj Yejishmerecho, t h a n 45,000,000 francs h a v e been rechho people a n d for world peace." a t t h e o u r especial satisfaction which we a r e applying t o all m a n *ent to t h e missionaries. ( N . C .W.C) kind w i t h o u t d i s c r i m i n a t i o n : (N.C.W.C.) MUST N O T B E S E E N W I T H GERMAN WOMEN.

OFFICIALS HONOUR C A R D . VERDIER AS P A P A L L E G A T E

:

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sions along the frontiers. On the ; other hand it is also to be feared that an easy victory by superior 12 Months ... $6.00 ! arms over ill-equipped and poorly 6 Months ... $3.00 disciplined masses may fire the DEATH OF QUEEN OF BELGIANS—BUNGLING OF NEWS Italian victors with an enthusiasm 3 Months ... $1.50 —AMELIORATIVE EFFECT OF CONFESSION—JUDGE All correspondence and literary to consummate territorial conRUTHERFORD PUBLICATIONS IN COURT. quest, which will undoubtedly contributions should be addressed exceed the legitimate limits of O u r critic is a p p a r e n t l y out to Queen A s t r i d — to The Managing Editor, Rev. a defensive war. show t h a t t h e P o p e is guilty of The Holy The untimely d e a t h of t h e Queen R . Cardon, 73, Bras Basah Road, Father has again stressed this | of Belgium u n d e r tragic c i r c u m s - duplicity, b u t let h i s imagination point carefully. His Holiness tances h a s cast a gioom over C h r i s - r u n r i o t for a while. Speaking for Singapore. ourselves, w e h a v e g r a v e doubts declares that if Italy is undertak- tendom. Cut off suddenly in t h e w h e t h e r t h e Pope h a s been correctTeh 7376, Singapore. ing a defensive war with a clear flower of h e r life, t h e p a s s i n g a w a y ly a n d fully r e p o r t e d . W e mean a queen who had endeared h e r conscience, and honourable mo- of t o c a s t no s l u r on R e u t e r ' s servcie, self to t h e Belgian people will be b u t should we e r r a t all in our tives she must do it with prudence poignantly felt t h r o u g h o u t . H e r JEalaga Caikxilb ^pea&er j and moderation. The test of Majesty's c h a r m and v i r t u e s w e r e u d g m e n t , let us e r r on t h e side of C h a r i t y , by r e m a r k i n g t h a t the Saturday, 7th September, 1935. conscience is entirely left to the felt irresistibly both in Belgium j popular n e w s services a r e probably prospective belligerents, and the and Sweden. Queen A s t r i d w a s ! incapable of r e p r e s e n t i n g accurateSovereign Pontiff after counsel- barely t w e n t y one when s h e w a s ly n e w s t h a t e m a n a t e s from the CIVILISATION I N married on N o v e m b e r 4, 1926 t o ling peace, is now pleading for King Leopold who w a s t h e n t h e V a t i c a n . W e would not however moderation, should armed con- Duke of B r a b a n t . H e r early t r a i n - b o t h e r to discover t h e reasons why, T H E BALANCE. r e p o r t s affecting t h e prestige of ing had been particularly designed flict prove inevitable. t h e P o p e a n d t h e Catholic Church The Catholic Times commentto m a k e h e r an ideal queen, Britain's role as mediator in mother, wife and social w o r k e r . in m a j o r issues should be bungled ing on the Italo-Abyssinian t h e a p p a r e n t detriment impasse declares , with placid this unlovely business is not an She had played t h e s e roles respec- ' aoft ttihme e es nto t i r e Catholic world. Anoconviction thus: "The fire-eaters enviable one. She is ruling the tively, as occasion demanded, in a j t h e r i n s t a n c e of i n a d e q u a t e reprem a n n e r t h a t h a d m a d e h e r loved dark races in Africa more by her and Italophobes would like to s e n t a t i o n of n e w s is t h e message and respected, not only in h e r drive us to war in defence of the prestige than anything else, and as family circle and a m o n g h e r s u b - j of t h e d e a t h of Queen Astrid. League and Abyssinia. Let us such feels rightly, that the trou- jects, but also a m o n g t h e peoples F r o m R e u t e r ' s r e p o r t s which apkeep calm. The Abyssinians are ble brewing in Abyssinia may she had m e t d u r i n g h e r incognito p e a r e d in t h e local dailies one j would h a v e r u n a w a y with the certainly not worth dying for, have far reaching consequences. travels w i t h h e r royal h u s b a n d . impression t h a t t h e deceased It may develop into a class or Two y e a r s a f t e r h e r m a r r i a g e , s h e though there might be some Queen of B e l g i u m w a s a ProtesJner desire, from volunsense in a fight for the principle colour war and possibly rouse the texpressed t a n t . Omission of necessary and a r y conviction, to be received i n t o fanaticism of the p e r t i n e n t details in presentation embodied in the Pact of Paris." religious t h e Catholic Church, h a v i n g been Moslem world. Again the collecof n e w s is a s m u c h t o be deprecatNow that the hounds of war are sufficiently initiated in t h e doced a s t h e commission of a wilful about to be unleashed, our fears tive security of peace in an t r i n e of t h e Holy C h u r c h . S h e w r o n g . W e all h o p e to stand our already unstable Europe is likely showed e x a m p l a r y piety a n d c h a r begin to get the better of us and t r i a l before t h e G r a n d Assize of speculations are rife as to the to be jeopardized. Britain and ity as a v a l i a n t Catholic lady of o u r o w n conscience! A l a t e r ret h e Belgian Royal H o u s e . T h e ultimate effects on the civilised France have done their best to dignity a n d aloofness t h a t should p o r t b y A n e t a - T r a n s - O c e a n serincline Italy to their frame of vice, a n e n t t h e s a m e subject, hapworld, should this war threat have been p r o p e r to h e r position, pily clarifies t h e real position of mind, but with no effect. materialise in all its enormities. as t h e first lady of t h e r e a l m did t h e p a p a c y ; and h a s t y critics may We are disinclined to believe that If ranting Imperialism actuates not occur t o h e r in t h e least. S h e now be b e t t e r apprised of the our Catholic contemporary of the Italian Dictator, we are afraid w a s delighted to move on level P o p e ' s m i n d in t h i s m a t t e r . There London means to minimise the that he may be tempted to both a t C h u r c h and a t o t h e r public j is a d m i t t e d l y a need for Italian functions w i t h h e r Belgian a n d situation and considers it hardly emulate Napoleon, the Corsican African s u b j e c t s alike, w i t h o u t t h e \ expansion owing t o t h e increase in worth the candle for Britain to hero who made and unmade least h e s i t a t i o n or coyness. A | t h e population, b u t t h e Pope defiundertake a war on the score of kingdoms. II Duce may cherish g r e a t Catholic queen, fortified by j nitely w a r n s t h a t such an expan| sion cannot be effected a t t h e cost the swarthy Abyssinians, even if high hopes of bringing back the t h e r i t e s of t h e Church h a s been j of o t h e r s . they are really the aggrieved glory and prestige of the bygone called a w a y t o h e r eternal r e w a r d , * * * * * t h e Catholic world is all t h e party. t days of Rome when it was a and poorer f o r it. We extend o u r r e s - Confession— sufficient passport and effective s y m p a t h i e s to t h e sorrow' Protestant churches would Since Italy has not made out | protection for the Roman to say pectful ing King, children and t h e Belgian I do well t o t a k e a leaf from the her case finally and fully before 'Civis Romanus sum,' if he was people a t l a r g e . | Catholic C h u r c h on m a t t e r s conthe League, there seems to be still rudely accosted in a foreign land. 'All m o r t a l t h i n g s a r e subject to j c e m i n g moral i s s u e s ' said Rev. some flickering hope of settling ! Mr. C h a r l e s E d w i n Silcox, general decay, The Negus in his turn wants the dispute without resorting to When F a t e s u m m o n s m o n a r c h s ! s e c r e t a r y of t h e Social Service Council of C a n a d a , in a recent adarms. Though the Paris talks peace with honour, and should must o b e y : d r e s s t o m e m b e r s of t h e Church have seemingly ended in smoke I the necessity for war arise, he lias * * * * * i Conference of Social Work. These yet the belated offer of the Negus i vowed to stand to the last ditch. Distorted R e p o r t s — r e m a r k s w e r e m a d e d u r i n g a disto make territorial concessions to History repeats itself; therefore A R e u t e r ' s message, t e x t u a l l y ! cussion of t h e a t t i t u d e t h e Church Italy, opens up a new avenue to it may reasonably be feared that vague a n d r e f e r r i n g to t h e Holy should t a k e t o w a r d r e m a r r i a g e of a possible solution of the diffi- the ruthless feud as existed in F a t h e r ' s a d d r e s s to an I n t e r n a - divorced p e r s o n s . Mr. Silcox also culty. The enigma of Sgr. those days between Rome and tional P i l g r i m a g e of n u r s e s , which spoke of t h e ameliorative effect published with a feeling of j of t h e Catholic confession" in Mussolini's position is hard to Carthage may be occasioned by we dubiety in o u r last n u m b e r , h a s cases w h e r e a s e n s e of guilt might We visualise. Having been a former this impending conflict. I r e g r e t t a b l y become t h e subject of lead t o m e n t a l t r o u b l e . According champion in upholding the prin- have seen in early Roman History j gross m i s r e p r e s e n t a t i o n of t h e a t - to r a t i o of population, h e said. ciples of the League and an how the implacable hatred of | titude of t h e Pope in t h e Italo-Aby- t h e r e w e r e m o r e non-Catholics accessory to the admission of Hannibal, the Carthaginian gene- I ssinian t a n g l e . A correspondent t h a n Catholics in t h e m e n t a l hosAbyssinia to membership, II ral to Rome was the root cause ! subscribing himself R. R a y w a x e s pitals of C a n a d a . Mr. Silcox is in hot in t h e S t r a i t s Times of 31st f a v o u r of confession from a psyDuce, by his adamant stand of a series of battles for years. j August, w h e r e he says ' i n t e r alia' chological viewpoint, without reagainst the injunctions of this Our civilisation, as long as it is t h a t t h e Pope while c o n d e m n i n g f e r r i n g t o t h e S a c r a m e n t a l aspect International Tribunal, now ap- propped up on swords will call a w a r of conquest as u n j u s t , dec- I of ' P e n a n c e . ' T o one bred in the pears ready to pull down the for bloody means in the settle- I lares a w a r of defence on t h e Catholic creed, confession does not institution which he had striven ment of human differences. score of expansion and p r o t e c t i o n m e r e l y b r i n g m e n t a l relief or soin the past to set up. It will be Especially, a world that pooh- of Italian f r o n t i e r s as justifiable. lace by m a k i n g a clean breast of ; t h i n g s . I t m e a n s much more than reasonably admitted that Italy ^oohs religion 3s an—amusing• the-imburdening of a_self-accusahas been vexed from time to time anachronism will ever flounce and world has not quite recovered t o r y h e a r t , and a conscience that by the lawless border tribes, on flounder in strife and conflict. from the ravaging effects of the is weighed down with remorse or whom the present Abyssinian rule Once the moralising influence of last war, and here we stand on is afflicted by f e a r s of retribution. has but a slippery hold. A puni- Religion is divorced from our the threshold of another clash T h e Catholic feels t h a t he has lost t h a t g r a c e , f a v o u r and friendship tive expedition by Italy may have lives, we may rest assured that the which, if not averted by the dis- of God w h e n h e is in a s t a t e of sin. a chastening and even beneficial world will be plunged into untold pensing mercy of God, will mean In his desire a n d a n x i e t y to retinfluence on these savage hordes misery which is the natural the complete collapse of our rieve t h a t sanctifying grace, he The pseudo-civilisation. (Continued on page 11) that have made annoying incur- sequence of every war. R A T E S O F SUBSCRIPTION Post Free, Local and Aoroad:

INOTES AND COMMENTS

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GOSPEL

EPISCOPAL APPEAL TO GERMAN CATHOLICS. MUST P R E S E R V E F A I T H I N THE FACE OF ENEMIES.

f o r THIRTEENTH

SUNDAY

AFTER

PENTECOST.

DIOCESE OF MALACCA. Calendar for t h e week. S e p t e m b e r 8. SUNDAY—13th Sundav after Pentecost. The N a t i v i t y of t h e B.V.M. Double of t h e 2nd Class with Octave Day. Mass a n d Vespers of t h e F e a s t . St. A d r i a n , M., P a t r o n Saint of His L o r d s h i p Dr. A. Devals, Bishop of Malacca. S e p t e m b e r 9. M o n d a y — S t . Gorgonius, M. September 10. Tuesday — St. Nicholas of Tolentino, C. S e p t e m b e r 11. W e d n e s d a y — Ss. P r o t u s and H y a c i n t h , Mm. September 12. Thursday—The Most Holy N a m e of M a r y . S e p t e m b e r 13. F r i d a y — O f the Feria. S e p t e m b e r 14. S a t u r d a y — The E x a l t a t i o n of T h e Holv Cross.

Berlin 1st S e p t . A n u r g e n t a p ( L U K E , X V I I , 11-19) peal to G e r m a n Catholics to defend their F a i t h a g a i n s t t h e g r o w i n g A t t h a t time, a s J e s u s w a s going t o J e r u s a l e m , he passed number of t h e i r enemies w a s read t h r o u g h t h e midst of S a m a r i a and Galilee: a n d a s he entered into to-day in all Catholic C h u r c h e s in a c e r t a i n town, t h e r e m e t h i m t e n m e n t h a t w e r e lepers, who stood Germany. T h e appeal is containoff, a n d lifted up t h e i r voice, s a y i n g , J e s u s , m a s t e r , h a v e mercy on ed in an episcopal l e t t e r adopted u s . W h o m when he s a w , h e said, Go show yourselves t o t h e p r i e s t s . and signed by all t h e Bishops w h o And it came to pass, t h a t a s t h e y went, t h e y w e r e m a d e clean. attended t h e a n n u a l conference a t And one of t h e m , w h e n he saw t h a t he w a s m a d e clean, went back, Fulda on A u g u s t 20th. w i t h a loud voice glorifying God: a n d he fell on h i s face before his The letter declares t h a t t h e enefeet, giving t h a n k s : a n d t h i s w a s a S a m a r i t a n . A n d J e s u s answermies of t h e Catholic C h u r c h have ing, said, W e r e not t e n m a d e clean? And w h e r e a r e t h e n i n e ? grown into legion and forbids T h e r e is no one found to r e t u r n a n d give glory to God, but t h i s Catholics to read books and news- gj s t r a n g e r . And h e said to him, A r i s e , go t h y w a y , for t h y faith papers in which t h e Catholic F a i t h h a t h m a d e t h e e whole. is villified. It a d d s p a g a n philoCOMMENTARY. sophy has no m o r a l s u p p o r t for an united people a n d plans for t h e Two distinct p a r t s m a y be divi- I t h o u g h t of a d o r a t i o n . We are told i regeneration of t h e G e r m a n people ded a t first s i g h t in t h i s Gospel: j by t h e A c t s of t h e Apostles t h a t j will be successful if t h e y a r e not (1) a p r a y e r of ten lepers which I "in Him w e live, and move and be." DIOCESE OF MACAO. solely based on t h e m e r e sand of is g r a n t e d , (2) t h e i r i n g r a t i t u d e . W e a r e receiving favours from j human philosophy b u t on t h e rock CHURCH OF ST. JOSEPH. I s n ' t t h i s so common w i t h us too? God's m e r c y a t every m o m e n t of | of divine religion. T h e slogan Prayer. our life, so t h a t if H e would aban"political Catholicism" is a g r e a t Calandar for t h e weekliike t h e t e n lepers we p r a y and I don us t o ourselves even for a j danger because it m i g h t open t h e a s k J e s u s Our Lord t o help us, t o I second, a t t h a t s a m e i n s t a n t we J S e p t e m b e r 8. S U N D A Y — T h i r door t o all kinds of a r b i t r a r i n e s s come t o our rescue. O u r p r a y e r s •; wculd d r o p into n o t h i n g , we would j t e e n t h S u n d a y a f t e r Pentecost, and encourage violent acts a g a i n s t flow fluently from our lips, a n d we ! disappear from t h i s world. T h e N a t i v i t y of T h e Blessed the Church:—Reuter. a r e convinced t h e y come from t h e And w e suffer t h e consequences j Virgin M a r y . Double of t h e d e p t h s of our h e a r t s . Promises j of this i n g r a t i t u d e of ours. J e s u s i second cl. w i t h octave W h i t e a r e m a d e , vows p e r h a p s a r e offer- I will experience m o r e difficulty inj v e s t m e n t s . P r o p e r of t h e Mass NOTES AND COMMENTS, ed. I t a p p e a r s t h a t w e a r e going \ h e a r i n g o u r n e x t p r a y e r s a f t e r be- [ in t h e "Small M i s s a l " p . 302. t o s t a r t a new life a l t o g e t h e r ; t h e I ing t r e a t e d so contemptuously. W e j Second collect of t h e S u n d a y p . t r i b u l a t i o n under which we labour I m a y cry, w e m a y s t a r t (Continued from page 10) anewi 215. Credo. P r e f a c e of t h e opens our eyes so widely t h a t j novenas a n d novenas, we m a y come \ approaches t h e confessional w i t h B.V.M. Vespers of O u r L a d y . h e a v e n alone is our object, n o t h i n g \ a g a i n t o daily m a s s and commupenitence and h u m i l i t y ; and by S e p t e m b e r 9. Monday—Of the else. N o v e n a s a n d n o v e n a s t o ! nion, w e m a y promise w h a t comes j atonement and contrition, he octave. Semi-double. o b t a i n o u r aim a r e m a d e one a f t e r t o our frenzied m i n d s , t h a t J e s u s j S e p t e m b e r 10. strives t o i n g r a t i a t e himself to t h e T u e s d a y — BL t h e o t h e r . We come t o communion will look a t u s , a n d will a s k u s : love and favour of his Creator. Charles Spinula and Comp. e v e r y day, and a r e so s t u b b o r n in " w h e r e is t h y g r a t i t u d e ? T h i s i s | Our local c o n t e m p o r a r i e s recorded M a r t y r s . Double. o u r p r a y e r s t h a t J e s u s h a s no p e r h a p s one of t h e reasons why} S e p t e m b e r recently t h e case of a m u r d e r e r 1 1 . W e d n e s d a y — Of o t h e r a l t e r n a t i v e b u t t o g r a n t our our p r a y e r s a r e not h e a r d . J e s u s j whose conscience had t o r m e n t e d t h e octave. Semi-double. w i s h e s . H e Himself h a s promised | knows o u r i n g r a t i t u d e . W h a t \ S e p t e m b e r 12. T h u r s d a y — T h e him, till he was driven, of his own t h a t h e shall never r e s i s t a con- ! shall w e do, t h e n ? accord, t o m a k e a n admission of Holy N a m e of M a r y . Greater s t a n t a n d f e r v e n t p r a y e r . And, t o his foul crime t o t h e police. A s Double. T H A N K S G I V I N G . be s u r e , our p r a y e r s a r e such. for Mr. Silcox r e m a r k i n g t h a t T h e r e is a f u n d a m e n t a l m i s t a k e { S e p t e m b e r 13. F r i d a y — B l . Apol_ W e a r e satisfied. We a r e content. there were m o r e non-Catholics linaris and Comp. Martyrs. n our p r a y e r s . It a p p e a r s as if J B u t . . . o u r promises f a d e out in a than Catholics in t h e m e n t a l hosDouble. E v e n i n g service a t 5-30. we p r a y only to obtain favours. v e r y dim past, our vows a r e pitals, t h e s a m e can equally be Abstinence. We ask, a n d ask, and go on a s k i n g j o m i t t e d , or if t h e y a r e fulfilled, we said of other C h r i s t i a n countries, do so with a s t r a i n e d mind. We every d a y of o u r life. P r a y e r fori S e p t e m b e r 14. S a t u r d a y — The but the same s t a n d a r d of m e a s u r e E x a l t a t i o n of t h e Holy Cross. a r e almost s o r r y to have m a d e us is t h e s a m e as m e r e begging, j cannot be applied to t h i s country, Greater-double. W e do not h a v e a n y o t h e r idea of j such vows. A f t e r all, w e t h i n k , t h e as t h e Christian population f o r m s success obtained was not d u e t o it. The fact is t h a t t h e " b e g g i n g ' a small m i n o r i t y . o u r p r a y e r s . I t w a s a friend who is the l a s t p u r p o s e of p r a y e r s , as PROJECTED INTERNATIONAL * * * * * helped me, it w a s a n association w e h a v e been told by t h e little j EUCHARISTIC CONGRESS OF Catechism. T h e r e is a question in 'RUTHERFORD TRACTS' of c i r c u m s t a n c e s t h a t took m e out MANILA. of t h e trouble. God is left t h u s Catechism w h i c h r u n s t h u s : " H o w | The Quebec C o u r t of Appeal h a s j do we r a i s e u p o u r m i n d and h e a r t behind. As for t h a n k s , well, we dismissed t h e appeal of t w o disActual Information. a r e so r u d e t h a t t h e idea of t h a n k - t o God? " W e r a i s e u p o u r m i n d and | ciples of J u d g e R u t h e r f o r d , w h o ing H i m does not cross our m i n d s | h e a r t t o God b y t h i n k i n g of God; had been found g u i l t y of d i s t r i b u t The XXXIII International EuI b y adoring, p r a i s i n g , and t h a n k i n g even. ing offensive p a m p h l e t s of t h e Incharistic Congress will t a k e place j H i m ; a n d b y " b e g g i n g " of h i m all INGRATITUDE. in Manila, Philippine Islands, F e b ternational Bible S t u d e n t s ' Assoi blessings for soul a n d body, r u a r y t h i r d t o s e v e n t h , nineteen I n g r a t i t u d e is painful b o t h t o j It is s t r a n g e t o n o t e t h a t t h e ciation in Quebec a n d sentenced to h u n d r e d and t h i r t y seven. T h e God a n d m e n . T h e r e is n o t h i n g I " b o d y " is mentioned last, a n d in two m o n t h s in j a i l and a fine of 300 Philippines, an Archipelago in t h e w e a b h o r m o r e in our friends t h a n | our p r a y e r s it occupies always t h e dollars. Mr. J u s t i c e J. W a l s h , w h o t h e i r i n g r a t i t u d e . God loves His 1 first place. Is t h e r e a n y wonder, W e s t e r n Pacific Ocean, w a s disread t h e j u d g m e n t , s a i d : " I find covered d u r i n g t h e c i r c u m n a v i g a own glory and has said t h r o u g h \ if our p r a y e r s a r e not h e a r d ? in these p a m p h l e t s a s a p p i n g of tion of t h e Globe, u n d e r Magellan, Prophet Isaias: " I , the Lord: all authority, t o be replaced only An a c t of t h a n k s g i v i n g is t h e w h o lost his life in a s k i r m i s h w i t h t h i s is m y n a m e . I will not give best p r e p a r a t i o n t o our begging by a n a r c h y a n d mob rule, unless t h e natives in M a c t a n , Cebu, 1521. m y g l o r y t o a n o t h e r . . . . H e a r ye, p r a y e r s . L e t u s never forget it. some despot should p r e s e n t h i m Colonized and c h r i s t i a n i z e d by t h e h e a v e n s , and give ear, O e a r t h , for self "The u t t e r a n c e s , d i s t r i b u t t h e L o r d h a t h spoken. I have I GRATIAS AGIMUS TIBI. j S p a n i a r d s t h e first of w h o m w e r e ed by t h e appellant and his comb r o u g h t up children, and h a v e j In t h e H i g h Masses, when theffj Legaspi and t h e F r i a r U r d a n e t a , rades (fellow m i s s i o n a r i e s , and t h e y remained for over t h r e e h u n exalted t h e m , b u t t h e y haved Choir s i n g s t h e words of t h e self styled w i t n e s s e s of J e h o v a h ) dred y e a r s u n d e r t h e Sovereignty despised m e . " It was t h i s love of "Gloria" G r a t i a s a g i m u s tibi all acting with a common design, of Spain. T h u s t h e Philippines is H i s own glory t h a t m a d e J e s u s bow down, or should do so. T h e i r must have been calculated to cause t h e sole Catholic n a t i o n of t h e F a r complain " w h e r e a r e t h e n i n e ? " m e a n i n g is " W e give thee t h a n k s offence and to b r i n g grief t o l a r g e E a s t and as' s u c h is a fitting place A n d yet, we a r e so dependent on for t h y own g r e a t glory." If t h e numbers of t h e population in Quefor a n I n t e r n a t i o n a l E u c h a r i s t i c God, t h a t we should a t every mo- Church is so careful in a c t s of bec. T h e convictions and feelings Congress in t h e F a r E a s t . T h e m e n t t u r n to Him a grateful t h a n k s g i v i n g , w h y shouldn't w e ? of others were e n t i r e l y d i s r e g a r d Archipelago h a s a population of ed. The l a n g u a g e , r e p e a t e d and a p p r o x i m a t e l y t h i r t e e n millions— again repeated, is grossly insult- \ r i o u s p a m p h l e t s in question h a v e nearest d u s t bin or waste paper of whom n i n e t y p e r c e n t a r e Cathoing. F a i r c o m m e n t a n d criticism found t h e i r way to t h e s e p a r t s , basket. I t would be wicked w a s t e lics. T h e P h i l i p p i n e P r o v i n c e h a s of time t o c o m m e n t seriously on of political m e a s u r e s a n d economic and a few copies h a v e fallen into twelve Dioceses, t w o P r e f e c t u r e s these mischievous publications as doLtiines of itfligious t e n e t s a r e our h a n d s a3 well.—We~ Apostolic, t h r e e A r c h b i s h o p s , ten we are loath t o t r e a t t h e m as a permissible. A s t h e a u t h o r s dew a r n our r e a d e r s a g a i n s t such Bishops, a n d t w o P r e f e c t s Aposclare, censure m u s t be w i t h i n t h e poisonous l i t e r a t u r e , and t h e find- becoming subject for polemics. tolic. I t h a s a t o t a l of eleven hunOur only s u r p r i s e , a t any r a t e , is limits of o r d i n o r y decency. T h e i n g s of t h e Quebec Court of Appeal dred a n d n i n e t y p r i e s t s , less t h a n a m p l y prove t h a t t h e s e p u b l i c s t h a t j u d g e R u t h e r f o r d h a s not outinsults offered w e r e g r o s s . " half n a t i v e b o r n a n d slightly over t i o n s a r e objectionable and indeco- grown his ' puerile penchan t ' for a t h o u s a n d religious women. In conclusion t h e j u d g e said t h a t r o u s . O u r candid advice to a n y - mud-slinging despite his y e a r s this sect a p p e a r e d t o h a v e social, R e v . F R A N C I S J. C O S G R A V E political and economic a i m s . (The one w h o m a y come by a n y of t h e s e t h a t should h a v e counselled deC.SS.R. Examiner. Aug., 3,35) T h e spu- t r a c t s is to consign t h e m to t h e cency a n d discretion. 5

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32

MALAYA

CATHOLIC L E A D E R ,

SATURDAY,

7th September, 1935.

Tragic Death of Queen Astrid of Belgium DETAILS OF THE SAD ACCIDENT. IMPRESSIVE STATE FUNERAL. CARD, A R C H B I S H O P OF MALINES CEREMONY. GRIEF-STRICKEN KING FOLLOWS ON FOOT.

CONDUCTS

f e r i n g in times of n a t i o n a l d i s t r e s s , endeared her perhaps more t h a n a n y t h i n g else to t h e h e a r t s of t h e Belgian people. F r o m t h e m o m e n t of h e r a r r i v a l in B r u s s e l s for h e r m a r r i a g e t o t h e Crown-Prince Leopold in 1926, s h e a d a p t e d herself t o t h e democratic a t m o s p h e r e of t h e Belgian Court.

B r u s s e l s , 3rd S e p t . — T h e funeral ©f Queen A s t r i d w a s conducted by t h e C a r d i n a l A r c h b i s h o p of Malines a n d lasted n e a r l y t w o h o u r s . T h e eeremony concluded with the Benediction a n d t h e p l a y i n g of t h e National A n t h e m by t h e Grenadiers' band. T h e K i n g , h a l t i n g , h a g g a r d and weeping, followed t h e h e a r s e alone on foot, all o t h e r m o u r n e r s b e i n g fn c a r s , till i t r e a c h e d t h e m o n u m e n t "to t h e U n k n o w n Soldier where h e entered t h e carriage and proceeded t o N o t r e D a m e L a e k e n f o r t h e p r i v a t e i n t e r m e n t cerem o n y . T h e coffin b e a r s t h e simple inscription " H e r M a j e s t y A s t r i d , Q u e e n of t h e B e l g i a n s , 1905-1935: —Reuter.

T h e very day a f t e r h e r wedding, s h e accompanied h e r h u s b a n d a t the annual ceremony at t h e Tomb of t h e Unknown Soldier, a n d it w a s p e r h a p s significant t h a t a l m o s t immediately afterwards, her chara c t e r i s t i c g e s t u r e — a little w a v e of t h e h a n d , knuckles o u t w a r d s — w a s a d o p t e d t h r o u g h o u t Belgium a s a n i n t i m a t e "au r e v o i r . " B o r n in Stockholm on N o v e m b e r 17, 1905, t h e niece of K i n g G u s t a v V. P r i n c e s s A s t r i d showed, a t a n e a r l y age, an i n t e n s e love of child r e n and considerable a p t i t u d e for KING K N E E L S IN PRAYER BEFORE d r e s s m a k i n g , h o u s e w i f e r y , cooking, CATAFALQUE. shopping, and o t h e r f o r m s of j d o m e s t i c economy. London, 2nd Sept.—It is learned A t school s h e p a s s e d h e r ext h a t Queen A s t r i d received E x - a m i n a t i o n s w i t h d i s t i n c t i o n s and t r e m e U n c t i o n f r o m t h e c u r e of while still y o u n g , w a s fully qualiK u s s n c h t j u s t before s h e expired. fied for t h e t a s k of r u n n i n g a home. .Lucerne: A c c o r d i n g t o t h e first She was barely 21 when she was s t a t e m e n t t h e K i n g h a s been able m a r r i e d t o Leopold, D u k e of B r a to m a k e , t h e Queen w a n t e d t o fook i b a n t t h e C r o w n - P r i n c e of Belgium. a t t h e m a p t o see t h e r o u t e t h e y | T h e civil c e r e m o n y took place in w e r e going. T h e K i n g himself | Stockholm on N o v e m b e r 4, 1926, glanced a t t h e m a p b u t a l t h o u g h t h e day a f t e r t h e P r i n c e ' s 25th the unattending to t h e steering birthday. wheel w a s only m o m e n t a r y it w a s I t w a s followed by a brilliant sufficient t o let t h e wheels deviate c a u s i n g a violent swerve a f t e r religious c e r e m o n y in t h e C a t h e d which t h e c a r s t r u c k two t r e e s . r a l of St. Gudule, in B r u s s e l s , on T h e K i n g h a d j u s t t a k e n t h e wheel N o v e m b e r 10. Typical of t h e r e l a t i o n s of t h e from t h e chauffeur a n d t h e Queen w a s s e a t e d on h i s r i g h t , b o t h b e i n g r u l e r s of her n e w c o u n t r y t o t h e i r fn h i g h s p i r i t s . W h e r e t h e acci- s u b j e c t s , t h e b a n s of m a r r i a g e h a d d e n t occured t h e r o a d w a s only b e e n posted, w i t h t h o s e of com2 4 feet w i d e w i t h a d r o p of 20 feet m o n e r s , outside t h e Hotel de Ville. Despite a d r i v i n g drizzle, t h e ento t h e Lake. Apparently the car w a s t r a v e l l i n g a t a h i g h speed a n d t i r e populations of A n t w e r p and s t r u c k t h e c u r b a n d t h e n travelled B r u s s e l s t u r n e d o u t t o welcome h e r t o t h e o t h e r side of t h e road, on h e r arrival in B e l g i u m . s t r u c k t w o t r e e s a n d plunged into A f t e r h e r m a r r i a g e , s h e quickly t h e lake. T h e Q u e e n ' s body w a s settled down t o t h e b u s i n e s s of found u n d e r t h e first t r e e w i t h t h e s t a t e , a c c o m p a n y i n g h e r h u s b a n d r i g h t side of t h e h e a d s m a s h e d . t o public functions a n d s u p p o r t i n g T h e K i n g w a s t h r o w n u n d e r t h e h i m in all his public d u t i e s . second t r e e . N o one saw t h e acW i t h t h e birth* of h e r first child, cident a n d t h o s e w h o reached t h e the- Princess J o s e p h - C h a r l o t t e , on scene a f e w m i n u t e s later found October 1 1 , 1 9 2 7 , s h e t h r e w herself t h e d i s t r a c t e d K i n g kneeling over w h o l e h e a r t e d l y i n t o t h e d u t i e s of t h e b o d y of h i s d y i n g wife. motherhood. E v e r y day she might Brussels, 2nd Sept. — Queen b e seen p u s h i n g t h e b a b y ' s perA s t r i d is now l y i n g in s t a t e a t t h e a m b u l a t o r in t h e public p a r k in Chapell A r d e n t e in t h e Palace. f r o n f of t h e R o y a l Palace. K i n g Leopold t h i s m o r n i n g r e P h o t o g r a p h e r s a t Ostend, w h e r e m a i n e d for long k n e e l i n g in p r a y e r s h e insisted on s p e n d i n g a holiday, at the foot of t h e catafalque. c a u g h t h e r s i t t i n g on t h e sand, A f t e r w a r d s , t h e principal m e m b e r s w i t h t h e b a b y P r i n c e s s p l a y i n g of t h e G o v e r n m e n t and C o u r t n e a r , clad in a p a d d l i n g s u i t like prayed before t h e b i e r and in t h e a n y o t h e r child o n t h e beach. a f t e r n o o n t h e people of B r u s s e l s F a m i l y concerns, however, w e r e who had been q u e u i n g u p for h o u r s n o t allowed t o o u t w e i g h t h e calls filed silently aM^t^ffully^TOStirhe of d u t y . bier, paying a last t r i b u t e : — W i t h the t r a g i c d e a t h of K i n g Reuter. A l b e r t in t h e s p r i n g of 1934, P r i n c e s s A s t r i d , t h e n a g a i n an A SKETCH OF HER L I F E e x p e c t a n t m o t h e r , took h e r place A N D CAREER. | on a t h r o n e in t h e S e n a t e , while h e r husband s w o r e t h e o a t h of Queen Astrid's simple devotion allegiance t o h i s people before h e t o her family and her .practical w a s formally proclaimed King. womanly s y m p a t h y with t h e suf- Seated one on e a c h side of her, !

THE INTERNATIONAL C O N G R E S S O F CATHOLIC DOCTORS.

w e r e t h e six-year-old Princess J o s e p h i n e a n d t h e little P r i n c e Brussels, Ascension Week, 1935. Baudquin, who had been born on S e p t e m b e r 7, 1930. W i t h m e m o r y still filled with the A f t e r t h e ceremony, w h e n t h e new K i n g rode alone t h r o u g h t h e delightful f o u r d a y s in Belgium, boulevards to g r e e t his people and we will j o t down our innermost be acclaimed by t h e m , Queen impressions of t h i s g r a n d gatherA s t r i d w i t h h e r two children ing of Catholic D o c t o r s — a Pentefollowed half a mile b e h i n d in a costal assembly in which, as Dr. P a s t e a u observed, " F r e n c h was g r e a t S t a t e Coach. One of h e r first acts a s Queen spoken "en toutes les langues." O u r first impression was one of w a s t o accompany her h u s b a n d to t h e scene of a mine d i s a s t e r n e a r r e g r e t t h a t we of t h e British E m P a t u r a g e s w h e r e some f o r t y or pire were so feebly represented. fifty men h a d been killed in an O u r second recollection is of the explosion. While King Leopold w a s gracious a n d unaffected kindliness e n q u i r i n g a f t e r t h e entombed men, of our Belgian h o s t s and of their Queen A s t r i d w a s inspecting F i r s t accomplished h o n o r a r y secretary, Aid a r r a n g e m e n t s and s a w to it D r . Goedseels. T h i r d , of the zeal t h a t t h e women and children who displayed b y all in t h e prosecution w e r e anxiously a w a i t i n g news of of t h e m a i n motif of t h e Congress, t h e victims w e r e being properly viz., " W h a t can we and our Guilds do to help r e c o n s t r u c t society on cared for. C h r i s t i a n l i n e s ? " F o u r t h , of the Hospitals, creches, a n d c h a r i t a - personality of F r . Agostino Geble w o r k s w e r e always s u r e of h e r melli, doctor of medecine, rector p a t r o n a g e a n d s h e n e v e r missed of t h e Catholic University of a t t e n d i n g a n y p a t r i o t i c manife- j Milan, and Franciscan friar. s t a t i o n in aid of ex-servicemen's j F i f t h , of t h e views of t h e Austrian funds. \ Guild still in i t s first infancy as W h e n t h e baby P r i n c e Albert, iI set forth by i t s President, Dr. b o r n on J u n e 6, 1934, w a s baptised, j H o f e r ; a n d lastly, of t h e eagerness w o m e n waited for h o u r s in t h e w i t h which t h e subject of medical s t r e e t s t o catch a glimpse of t h e I aid to foreign missions has been Queen and a f t e r t h e i r Majesties I; adopted b y Belgians and Dutch h a d r e t u r n e d to t h e Palace, n e i t h e r j alike. police n o r troops could disperse j H a d t h e B r i t i s h not been repret h e crowd until t h e K i n g , accom- sented w e should h a v e lost caste panied b y t h e Queen w i t h t h e in t h e eyes of our Continental | b a b y in h e r a r m s , h a d appeared b r e t h r e n who would h a v e consideron t h e balcony. j ed us " b a d E u r o p e a n s " and "fairQueen A s t r i d w a s honoured I w e t h e r C a t h o l i c s . " ! w i t h t h e decorations of m a n y A t t h e chief convivial gathering ! countries, including t h e Grand | we were told publicly by no less Cross of H o n o u r of t h e Order of ; an a u t h o r i t y t h a n t h e Franciscan Malta, D a m e of t h e Holy Sepulchre r e c t o r of Milan University that a n d t h e O r d e r of t h e E m p i r e of Our Holy F a t h e r , Pope Pius XL, Annam:—Reuter. recently expressed to him his apl preciation of The Catholic Medical AUSTRALIAN CATHOLICS Guardian, of w hich he is a regular L A U D E D BY ARCHBISHOP reader. This, t h e highest compliBERNARDINI. m e n t which could h a v e been paid to our c o n t r i b u t o r s , is most gratyW a s h i n g t o n , D.C.—"The Church fying. b u t m a k e s us not a little m A u s t r a l a s i a is t h r i v i n g and apprehensive of exposing ourselves vigorous, a n d Catholics t h e r e a r e j a t any t i m e t o a loss of an apprea c t i v e a n d loyal," said t h e Most ciation which it will always be our Rev. Filippo B e r n a r d i n i , Apostolic chief endeavour to preserve • D e l e g a t e t o A u s t r a l a s i a , w h o is Space compels us t o be content p a s s i n g t h r o u g h W a s h i n g t o n on now w i t h i n f o r m i n g our readers h i s w a y from Sydney to Vatican t h a t on t h e g r a c i o u s invitation of City. H . E. Cardinal Innitzer, ArchA r c h b i s h o p B e r n a r d i n i , a ne- bishop of V i e n n a , t h e next InterCongress of Catholic p h e w of t h e late Cardinal P i e t r o national G a s p a r r i , w a s formerly Dean of Doctors will t a k e place in t h a t city W t h e F a c u l t y of Canon Lav/ a t t h e d u r i n g w h i t s u n t i d e , 1936. Catholic U n i v e r s i t y of America would e x h o r t all our members in t h e B r i t i s h E m p i r e to note the and h a s numerous friends here. d a t e , a n d to m a k e a r r a n g e m e n t s to " T h e contribution of A u s t r a l a - be p r e s e n t . E n g l i s h is quite well s i a n Catholics to t h e welfare of understood by t h e v a s t majority of t h e i r c o u n t r y is recognized by all," o u r foreign colleagues.—(The h e said. " T h i s is a t t e s t e d by t h e Catholic Medical Guardian, the p r o m i n e n t posts occupied by Ca- Q u a r t e r l y J o u r n a l of t h e Guild of tholics in t h e G o v e r n m e n t and in St. Luke, S t . Cosmas, and St. places of h i g h official a s well a s D a m i a n ) . business responsibility." The P r i m e Minister of A u s t r a l i a is a Catholic a n d his predecessor w a s P A L E S T I N E SCHOOL VISITOR HONOURED. of t h e s a m e F a i t h . :

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" I w a s astonished t o find such g r e a t p r o g r e s s in Catholic life in Australasia, when I arrived there," said H i s Excellency. " I t is due t o t h e zeal of t h e p r i e s t s and t h e g e n e r o s i t y of t h e people, most of whom a r e of Irish descent." "One c a n n o t live in A u s t r a l i a for t w o y e a r s w i t h o u t liking t h e Aust r a l i a n people very m u c h . T h e i r characteristics are cordiality, sincerity and kindliness. I know t h i s p a r t i c u l a r l y of t h e Catholics, b u t it likewise is t r u e of t h e nonCatholics with whom I h a r e dealt."

Jerusalem. — His Excellency t h e Most R e v . G u s t a v o Testa, Apostolic Delegate to Palestine. Egypt, Arabia and Ethiopia, h a s conferred on behalf of the Holy S e e upon t h e Rev. Brother Oger, V i s i t o r of t h e Christian Schools for Syria. Palestine and E g y p t , t h e decoration Pro Ecclesi* et Pontifice. H i s Excellency the Most R e v . Guiseppe Mazoly. newlyelected Apostolic Delegate to Bulgaria, also w a s present. (N.C.W.C.)


MALAYA

CATHOLIC LEADER,

SATURDAY,

7th September, 1935.

SHIELD ENGRAVED WITH POPE'S • PORTRAIT.

Our Question Box

GIFT FOR [Readers are kindly invited to send in questions on religious dogmas or standards of moral conduct. Such questions must be put in good faith with view to obviating any dubiety or adjusting any inaccuracy in pertinent matters of faith or morals. All questions must be accompanied by the names and addresses of questioners, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good faith. The Editor reserves the right to reject any question, which in his opinion, may appear trivial or frivolous.] a

MAY A NATION FIGHT? No nation ever wins any of these "just" wars. They all get deeper into debt to the international money mongers, who are the "real" enemies of all nations. Every word of that could be true, and not one word I have said over the air on this subject would be affected. Take the hypothetical case I have just given you. If Germany attacked England suddenly and without provocation, merely because Hitler had instilled national pride, commercial greed, and blood-lust, would England be justified in engaging in a war of self-defence or not? And if she were, would the justice of her cause be affected by victory or defeat? Or by the debts incurred? You know it would not. You may say that the war as a whole would be unjust. I grant that. You may say that, in such a case, Hitler would be guilty of a very wicked thing in the absence of any provocation. I grant that. But how far does that get you? I merely maintain that it is not always unlawful to engage in war, and that a soldier is justified in taking up arms to defend his country. If he kills the invader, it is the invader's fault, and the defendant is not guilty of murder. Will you say that he violates the commandment "Thou shalt not kill," and that he should rather allow himself to be shot, and the women and children of his native land to be gassed and poisoned? It is no use saying, "Hitler could not have any right to commence such a war." I agree. And I agree that if he did not commence it there would be no war. But my supposition is that he does villainously launch his attack. Is it lawful for England to take up the gauntlet or not? Is the English soldier who takes up arms justified, or is he a murderer? If he is justified, then it is no use saying that it is never lawful to engage in war, and that all killing, without any qualification, is forbidden by the commandment, "Thou shalt not kill." If you wish, let us even suppose that the international money-monger*, whom you call the enemy of all nations, is merely using Germany as a catspaw— that the big financiers have poured money into Germany, and inspired the offensive, would England then be obliged to say, "War is evil. Thou shalt not kill. Our duty is to be slaughtered." I leave it to your own commonsense. Of course, all that I have said would apply were the cases reversed, England being the offender, and Germany the injured nation.

that you think it "bunk" that it can ever be lawful to take part in a war is a sure sign that your reason has abdicated for the moment. The Church denounces war as a shocking evil and calamity, and says that it can scarcely be justified. But if it be forced on a nation by others, that nation may certainly fight for its very existence. If you deny that, you talk folly. If you admit it, you admit that it is not "bunk" that a nation may justly engage in war. * * * * WHY THE CHURCH IS PERSECUTED. I heard you speak of the German people. Is it not the fault of the Church that the people of Germany have turned against her? The people of Germany have not I turned against her. The Nazi group which has secured power has turned against her. And, in a way, I suppose \ it is the fault of the Church. You see, ! the Nazi regime wants to abolish Chrisj tianity and bring back the idolatry of j arcient German paganism. Now the • Catholic Church hates idolatry, and ; protests strongly against such an antij Christian idea. So the Nazi regime has j turned against her.

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May I go further and say definitely that it is the duty of the Church to denounce these blood-baths, and cut out the "bunk" about "just" wars? A moment ago you said that it was the duty of the Church to guide its flock. Now you think it your duty to guide the Church. It would be safer for you to ask the Church what should be your attitude on this subject. The very fascination these "blood-baths" seem to h?ve for vou show that your imagination is at work rather than your reason. And

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The people of Spain turned against j your Church even as the people of England during the Reformation. The people of Spain have not turned i against the Catholic Church. Many irI religious politicians, aided by foreign I agitators and communists, did so. And i I might say that they would as happily I see your Protestantism wiped out as | Catholicism. All those whom you have j auoted are the declared enemies of all ' Christianity, except the poor English of | the Reformation times. And that your | sympathies are with irreligious Atheists ! and pagans, provided they are opposed ; to the Catholic Church, shows that your i hatred of that Church is greater than ! any love you have for Christ. I have S spoken of the poor English people at the | time of the Reformation. They did not : turn against the Catholic religion their | forefathers had professed for centuries, j They were robbed of the true Faith, i scarcely realising the fact. 1

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; i \ j j i | : I Is it the duty of the Church to guide ; its flock concerning the cause of | ; war?

The Church does so. She says that no war can arise without injustice on someone's part; and that it is «aver lawful to declare war without exceedingly grave and unjust provocation. But apart from .he causes of war, when it comes to a question of morality, the Church says that violent repression of violent injustice is not wrong, and that soldiers engaged in such lawful repression of injustice are not guilty of murder if the aggressive nation exposes its own soldiers to danger of death.

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Isn't it the fault of the Church that the people of Russia have turned against her? In so far as Russia has declared war on God and on all religion, Russia has also turned on the Catholic Church, together with all other Christian Churches, I might mention that the predominant Church in Russia was the Greek orthodox Church—not the Catholic Church. That may make you less unsympathetic.

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PROPAGANDA

COLLEGE.

O

Vatican City.—A p o r t r a i t of His Holiness Pope P i u s X I engraved upon a bronze shield, a gift of t h e Holy F a t h e r to t h e College of t h e P r o p a g a n d a , h a s been dedicated by His E m i n e n c e P i e t r o Cardinal Fumasoni-Biondi, P r e f e c t of t h e Sacred Congregation for t h e P r o p a g a t i o n of t h e F a i t h . T h e portr a i t w a s done by P r o f e s s o r Aurelio Mistruzzi, P a p a l e n g r a v e r . H i s E m i n e n c e Cardinal F u m a soni-Biondi, in a n audience w i t h t h e Holy F a t h e r , h i n t e d to His Holiness t h a t t h e College of P r o p a g a n d a w h i c h t h e Pope himself a few y e a r s ago i n a g u r a t e d w i t h h i s presence, lacked a port r a i t of t h e Pontiff which would worthily recall him in a place which h a d been t h e object of such p a t e r n a l solicitude. T h e r e f o r e h e asked t h e Holy F a t h e r t o give t h e College a n e w proof of his affection, sending one of h i s p o r t r a i t s which would continually remind t h e s t u d e n t s of him. T h e Pope agreed, a n d n o t cont e n t w i t h s e n d i n g an ordinary portrait ordered the Papal Engraver to m a k e expressly a shield of bronze w i t h his p o r t r a i t engraven t h e r e o n and dedicated to t h e College. T h e figure of t h e Pope is eng r a v e n in high-relief o n a n oblong shield. T h e P o p e shows his profile turned towards the right. The broidery t h a t a d o r n s t h e stole which t h e P o p e w e a r s on his b r e a s t , recalls t h e e x a l t a t i o n of t h e Most Holy Cross, in m e m o r y of t h e Holy Y e a r of t h e Redemption. T h e shield is a d o r n e d w i t h t h e m o t t o of P i u s XI, ' T a x Christi in r e g n o C h r i s t i . "

T h e Rector of t h e College, Monsignor P i e t r o P a r e n t e , pronounced a brief discourse fervently t h a n k i n g t h e Holy F a t h e r for t h e new t o k e n of h i s favour t o w a r d t h e P r o p a g a n d a College a n d begged t h e Cardinal and Monsignor Ottaviarii, who w a s present, to repeat t o t h e Pope t h a t t h e s t u d e n t s of t h e college a r e r e a d y t o give even t h e i r lives for h i m a n d t o fulfil t h a t m i s s i o n a r y apostolate in t h e world w h i c h is so d e a r t o t h e h e a r t of t h e Pontiff. A s t u d e n t f r o m N e w Zealand. F a t h e r H a r r i s o n , expressed, in t h e I n a m e of h i s companions, t h e i r j o y I a n d g r a t i t u d e for such a valuaWe gift. T h e Cardinal, in conclusion, i e x h o r t e d t h e s t u d e n t s to have a n I ever m o r e lively love for t h e P o p e and t h e Holy C h u r c h and an e v e r g r e a t e r zeal for t h e spiritual coH: q u e s t of t h e world for J e s u s C h r i s t . (N.C.W.C.) 'GRAIL* M O V E M E N T A P P R O V E D BY P O P E . H a a r l e m . — A l e t t e r from V a t i c a n i City addressed t o t h e Most Rev. I J o h n D. A e n g e n e n t , Bishop of H a a r l e m , b r o u g h t t h e information \ t h a t His Holiness Pope Pius X I h a s j given his approval to t h e Grail movement. T h e vitality of t h i s organization of y o u n g women and t h e f e r v e n t I zeal of t h e m e m b e r s is praised in | t h e V a t i c a n m e s s a g e , which s t a t e s t h a t t h e m o v e m e n t fully deserves ! to be a branch of Catholic Action. T h e Holy F a t h e r s e n t a special Apostolic Blessing t o all t h e Grail girls for t h e devotion with which I t h e y h a v e spread and s t r e n g t h e n e d tho Kingdom of Christ in t h e I t o w n s of this diocese. (N.C.W.C.)

GOLDEN APPCW

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Might not some good come of it all yet? God will always draw good out of j evil. Of course, the good you want is to see the Catholic Church exterminated. But in Germany your own Protestant churches have appealed to the Catholic Church to help them in the common cause of resistance to Hitler, and to help them to preserve their lives. Many of their own members are accepting paganism, and they at least know that the Catholic Church will not do so. So they are having recourse to her in their extremitv. (By The Rev. Dr. Rumble, M.S.C.) (From the Catholic Leader, Brisbane.)

PROHIBITION IN MAINE. Prohibition probably h a d a long life in Maine, a s in some o t h e r places in t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , bec a u s e it did n o t i n t e r f e r e w i t h t h e liquor. Such, a t least, is t h e conclusion we m a y d r a w from t h i s i t e m in t h e " N e w Y o r k S u n " : In the days when there was S t a t e prohibition in Maine, t h e r e w a s an exception which p e r m i t t e d t h e sale of liquor for medicinal purposes. T h i s w a s t h e reason w h y a lank f a r m e r came h a s t ' I y if not steadily i n t o a d r u g store a t F o r t Fairfield one S a t u r d a y n i g h t slammed a gallon j u g down on t h e counter, a n d shouted to the p h a r m a c i s t , " F i l l h e r up again, Bill. The b a b y ' s took bad."

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CATHOLICISM VICTORIOUS IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA. PROTESTANT LEADER'S F R A N K ADMISSION. P r a g u e . — " C a t h o l i c i s m in Czechoslovakia is victorious." This s t a t e m e n t i s m a d e b y a Czechoslov a k P r o t e s t a n t s a v a n t , l e a d e r of t h e Socialist-minded intelligentsia, P r o f e s s o r E m m a n u e l R a d l , in a n a r t i c l e p u b l i s h e d in t h e P r o t e s t a n t Christian Review* T h e p r o f e s s o r ' s t r e a t i s e on t h e d e v e l o p m e n t of t h e Catholic m o v e m e n t in Czechoslovakia a n d g e n e r a l l y in E u r o p e i s a g r e a t t r i b u t e t o t h e p r o g r e s s of Catholic t h i n k i n g a m o n g t h e m a s s e s t i r e d of a n a r c h i s m , Socialism a n d s i m i l a r m o v e m e n t s of y e s t e r d a y . H e s a y s : "The movement 'Away from J l o m e ' h a s a f t e r all d o n e little d a m a g e t o Catholicism, t h e f o u n d a t i o n of t h e n e w 'Czechoslovak C h u r c h ' h a s left u n c h a n g e d t h e w o r l d w i d e p o s i t i o n of t h e Catholic c r e e d a n d t h e m o v e m e n t of ' F r e e T h o u g h t ' is obviously on t h e w a n e . People in o u r c o u n t r y a n d else,where a r e a g a i n r e t u r n i n g t o t h e C h u r c h . T h r o u g h o u t t h e world a new a t t i t u d e h a s been adopted, f a v o u r a b l e t o Catholicism. " T h e d e f e n s i v e fight of Catholics in G e r m a n y a g a i n s t t h e free t h i n k e r s ' n a t i o n a l i s m in t h a t c o u n t r y i s followed w i t h s y m p a t h i e s of t h e whole world. C a t h o l i c i s m in t h e world is n o w s t r o n g e r t h a n e v e r before, it is a c h a n g e in t h e m i n d s of t h e whole world, b r o u g h t a b o u t by worldwide causes. Catholicism g r o w s a n d will obviously grow f u r t h e r in t h e f u t u r e . Catholicism will w i n i t s fight a g a i n s t G e r m a n y , b e c a u s e G e r m a n y of t o d a y is superficial and confused in i t s ideas a n d m o t i v e s . " (N.C.W.C.)' 7

FAMILIES OF AMONG N E W

JACOBITES CONVERTS.

Trivandram, India.—The aged widow of D r . ManniL c o n v e r t J a cobite, a n d t h e o t h e r m e m e b r s of t h e i r family h a v e b e e n received into t h e Catholic C h u r c h . D r . Mannil b e c a m e a c o n v e r t on h i s death-bed. A n n o u n c e m e n t also w a s m a d e h e r e of t h e conversion of J. O t t h a y i k a , b r o t h e r of M a r Dioscoros, a J a c o b i t e B i s h o p of t h e Patriarchal Party, together with t h e m e m b e r s of his f a m i y . (N.C.W.C.)

H. M. de Sauza & Go. Auctioneers, Appraisers, Insurance Agents, Brokers, E s t a t e A g e n t s Receivers, E t c . N o . 27, Church Street, Malacca. Telephone No. 178. Telegrams: " Herman Desouza." Agencies:— Sun L i f e of Canada. T h e N o r t h B r i t i s h & Mercantile A s s u r a n c e Co., L t d . T h e G u a r d i a n A s s u r a n c e Co., Ltd. T h e Alliance A s s u r a n c e Co., Ltd. T h e Ocean, Accident and Guarantee Corporation. S e n a n g Ha*' ) Ho S e n g Giap E s t a t e . N e w Selandar Syndicate.

G E R M A N Y A N D MEXICO S E E K \ F A L L O F J U G O S L A V C A B I N E T . SUBORDINATION OF GOD. A T T A C K S ON C A T H O L I C CHURCH RESPONSIBLE. DR. H E N R Y SMITH L E I P E R ' S Belgrade—The resignation of \ VIEWS. t h e G o v e r n m e n t of P r i m e Minister J e v t i t c h was b r o u g h t about b y New York.—No one can u n d e r - anti-Catholic speeches delivered b y s t a n d w h a t is h a p p e n i n g in Ger- m e m b e r s of h i s Cabinet in t h e m a n y a n d Mexico w h o does n o t C h a m b e r of D e p u t i e s . appreciate t h a t "the Church-State Following t h e a t t a c k s on t h e s t r u g g l e is not on t h e fringes of Catholic Church, M. Kozulj, a d e v e l o p m e n t " in t h o s e c o u n t r i e s Croat m e m b e r of t h e Cabinet, today, b u t "is a t t h e v e r y c e n t r e . " p r o t e s t e d a t t h e n e x t m e e t i n g of D r . H e n r y S m i t h Leiper, E x e c u t i v e t h e Cabinet a n d deplored t h e fact S e c r e t a r y of t h e A m e r i c a n Section t h a t t h e P r e m i e r h a d not seen fit of t h e U n i v e r s a l C h r i s t i a n Council t o r e f u t e t h e s e accusations. He on Life a n d Work, declares in a n a n d t w o o t h e r C r o a t m e m b e r s t h en article w r i t t e n for t h e N a t i o n a l Conference of J e w s and C h r i s t i a n s resigned. W h e n t h e i r r e s i g n a t i o n s w e r e followed b y t h o s e of M i n i s t e r N e w s Service. of F i n a n c e Stojadinovitch and Declaring t h a t t h e t o t a l i t a r i a n M i n i s t e r of W a r Zivkovitch, t h e S t a t e claims t o be " t h e final source P r i m e Minister w e n t t o t h e Royal of a u t h o r i t y , t h e g u a r d i a n of P a l a c e and p r e s e n t e d t h e resignamorality a n d t h e goal of all p e r - tion of t h e e n t i r e Cabinet. sonal e n d e a v o u r s , " Dr. Leiper s a y s T h e upheaval c a m e a s a s u r p r i s e t h a t "God is t o b e p e r m i t t e d t o r e - since only last M a y t h e J e v t i t c h m a i n in G e r m a n y only if H e will G o v e r n m e n t c a m e i n t o power a f t e r I s a l u t e Adolf H i t l e r " and t h a t God a n o v e r w h e l m i n g victory at t h e " i s not w a n t e d a t all in Mexico polls. w h e r e school t e a c h e r s a r e b e i n g T h e anti-Catholic speeches in compelled to sign s t a t e m e n t s t h e C h a m b e r of D e p u t i e s followed . s w e a r i n g t h a t t h e y a r e a t h e i s t s . " t h e personal appeal of t h e Most \ " R u s s i a , " h e a d d s , " h a s 'abolished' Rev. A n t h o n y B a u e r , A r c h b i s h o p I God." of Z a g r e b a n d p r e s i d e n t of t h e I The a p p o i n t m e n t of an official J u g o s l a v B i s h o p s ' Conference, t o philospher for t h e Nazi P a r t y — P r i n c e - R e g e n t P a u l t o h a l t t h e H e r r R o s e n b e r g — " i s not a m e r e p e r s e c u t i o n of Catholics.( N.C.W.C.) g e s t u r e , " D r . L e i p e r continues, b u t "represents t h e systematic deter- MEXICO'S CHARGES OF SENDI N G M O N E Y TO ROME mination to replace Christian REFUTED. ethics, standards, p a t t e r n s of t h o u g h t a n d life with neo-pagan B a l t i m o r e . — T h e c h a r g e by p e r ones." "Of course," he s a y s , "a p a r t of t h e p r o g r a m m e includes secutors t h a t t h e C h u r c h in Mexico j hr.s been sending millions of pesos t h e h a n d l i n g of y o u t h o r g a n i z a ! annually to R o m e for t h e Pope is tions. E v e r y o n e w h o h a s followed j shown to b e groundless by some events in e i t h e r G e / m a n y or I figures j u s t m a d e public h e r e b y Mexico is a w a r e t h a t s t r e n u o u s j t h e B a l t i m o r e Catholic Mexican efforts a r e b e i n g m a d e — a s in j B u r e a u of t h e B a l t i m o r e Archdio- | R u s s i a — t o control t h e m i n d of ! cesan Confederation for t h e D e - | y o u t h . A s a Result of t h i s , if it ; fence of Religious L i b e r t y in j succeeds, t h e r i s i n g g e n e r a t i o n i n j Mexico. each l a n d will b e m a d e t o w o r s h i p T h e figures a r e t h e annual the State." (N.C.W.C. P e t e r ' s Pence collections of t h e i ;

NATIVE INDIAN JESUIT D E P A R T S FOR MISSION. West B a d e n , I n d . — T h e Rev. Charles P . S a l d a n h a , an I n d i a n B r a h m a n J e s u i t , sailed f r o m N e w York r e c e n t l y for t h e P a t n a , India, mission. F a t h e r S a l d a n h a , w h o w a s t h e first n a t i v e p r i e s t o r d a i n e d for t h e mission of P a t n a , c a m e t o t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s in A u g u s t , 1930, t o complete h i s theological s t u d i e s . After a y e a r a t St. Louis U n i v e r s i t y h e finished his course a t St. M a r y ' s College, S t . M a r y s , Kan., w h e r e h e w a s ordained b y the Most R e v . F r a n c i s J o h a n n e s , Bis h o p of L e a v e n w o r t h . While in t h i s c o u n t r y F a t h e r Saldanha lectured to various g r o u p s in t h e cities of t h e middle w e s t o n I n d i a a n d C h r i s t ' s mission cause, a n d p r e a c h e d n o v e n a s . While t e a c h i n g in t h e U n i v e r s i t y of B o m b a y , F a t h e r S a l d a n h a m a d e t h e a c q u a i n t a n c e of t h e Rev. H e n r y I. W e s t r o p p , S.J., ene of t h e A m e r i can J e s u i t s w h o w e n t to I n d i a in 1917. F a t h e r S a l d a n h a will t e a c h in Khrist Raja, (Christ t h e K i n g h i g h school in t h e city of B e t t i a h . This fall t h r e e or four more J e s u i t s will go out to P a t n a . joining t h e i r 50 A m e r i c a n a n d 25 Indian b r o t h e r s already in the field. T h e t a s k of t h e A m e r i c a n J e s u i t s in P a t n a is to c o n v e r t 27,000,000 of M o h a m m e d a n s and Hindus. (N.C.W.C.)

| Archdiocese of Oaxaca, which h a s a population of 1,100,000 souls, for j ! t h e y e a r s from 1905 to 1909. a n d \ from 1924 to 1935. N o d a t a a r e j I available for t h e y e a r s from 1909 ; I t o 1924, it is s t a t e d . However, in j I t h e 14 y e a r s for which t h e r e a r e j | figures available, t h e total shown j for all t h e collections is only i $1,571.36. T h e . lowest a m o u n t ; collected in t h e Archdiocese in a n y j y e a r s w a s $ 1 . 2 5 , r e p o r t e d in 1907. The h i g h e s t a m o u n t w a s collected j in 1908, when t h e t o t a l of $1,007.22 included an individual gift of \ ; $1,000. Only five t i m e s in t h e 14 ! I y e a r s , according to t h e figures, did j i t h e total P e t e r ' s Pence collections I j of t h e Archdiocese a m o u n t to $25 j or m o r e . CARD. HAYES' PRAYER FOR C H U R C H I N MEXICO, •

o

R e p r i n t e d In Spanish. Mexico C i t y . — T h e r e h a s b e e n I p r i n t e d h e r e , in t h e Spanish lan; £uage, a pamphlet which contains \ t h e p a s t o r a l l e t t e r of H i s E m i n e n c e j P a t r i c k Cardinal Hayes, Arch| bishop of N e w York, calling upon I the Faithful t o p r a y for the persecuted C h u r c h in Mexico. T h e p a m p h l e t also r e p r i n t s a S p a n i s h t r a n s l a t i o n of t h e m e s s a g e of s y m p a t h y s e n t to His Excellency t h e Most Rev. Leopoldo Ruiz y Flores, exiled Apostolic D e l e g a t e j t o Mexico, b y t h e m e m b e r s of t h e H i e r a r c h y of E n g l a n d . T h e p a m p h l e t is being circulated about the country. (N.C-W.C.)

KEEPING

FIT

In t h e Hot Weather. The summer months generally prove the most exacting time of the whole year from a health point of view, out here in the E a s t If you are not feeling up to the mark and ar unable to fathom why, you may with good reason suspect that the condition of your blood is below par. Excessive perspiration has a weakening effcet on your blood stream, making it thin and watery. It is impossible for your health to be normal if your blood is deficient in quality, lacking in those elements which ensure a sound digestion and a strong nervous system. So to maintain health and strength a tonic capable of enriching and increasing the blood is vvhat >s -leeded. The experience of thousands of run-down, tired, ailing people who have been completely restored by their use has earned a world-wide reputation for Dr. Williams' Pink Pills as a blood builder and nerve tonic of the highest order. Equally good for men and women ;

D r . W i l l i a m s ' P i n k Pills EUCHARISTIC CONGRESS JUGOSLAVIA.

IN

Great F a i t h D e m o n s t r a t i o n . L j u b l j a n a . — I m p r e s s i v e manifest a t i o n s of f a i t h m a r k e d t h e Second E u c h a r i s t i c Congress of Ljubljana. T h i r t y t h o u s a n d children received Holy C o m m u n i o n in t h e great Catholic S t a d i u m on t h e first day of t h e C o n g r e s s ; 45,000 men walkprocession in which t h e Blessed ed w i t h candles a l i g h t in a S a c r a m e n t w a s c a r r i e d from the Metropolitan c h u r c h t o t h e Stad i u m — a d i s t a n c e of t w o miles— w h e r e t h e Most Rev. Gregory Rozman, A r c h b i s h o p of Ljubljana, was t h e celebrant of Solemn Pontifical Mass a t m i d n i g h t . His E m i n e n c e A u g u s t u s Cardinal Hlond, P r i m a t e of Poland and Papal L e g a t e to t h e Congress, presided a t t h e M a s s . T h e 19 Archbishops of J u g o s l a v i a w e r e present in t h e s a n c t u a r y and 100 priests distributed Holy C o m m u n i o n to the multitude. A t h r o n g of 150,000 a t t e n d e d the Mass celebrated on S a t u r d a y by t h e P a p a l L e g a t e and an equal n u m b e r p a r t i c i p a t e d in t h e procession on S u n d a y , w h i c h w a s witnessed b y 100,000 p e r s o n s . Representatives of t h e King, t w o m e m b e r s of t h e Cabinet and m a n y a r m y officers took p a r t . T h e s t r e e t s of L j u b l i j a n a presented a wonderful spectacle. Net a single house was t o be found t h a t did not display t h e P a p a l and national colours. T h e S t a t e a u t h o r i t i e s did their best to m a k e t h e C o n g r e s s as successful as possible. T h e CardinalL e g a t e w a s m e t a t t h e frontier with all t h e h o n o u r s paid a visiting ruler. Zealous p r e p a r a t i o n had been m a d e for t h e Congress. Thousands of conferences a n d s e r m o n s on the Holy E u c h a r i s t w e r e held throughout t h e c o u n t r y a n d millions of Holy Communions were offered up. In e v e r y p a r i s h of t h e two Slovene dioceses flowers were collected for t h e decoration of Liubijana and t h o u s a n d s of evergreen trees were sent t o L j u b l j a n a to decorate t h e s t a d i u m and t h e s t r e e t s .


MALAYA

SPORTS CATHOLICS

IN

CATHOLIC LEADER,

NOTES

g

LIMELIGHT.

f

THE

(By O u r Own C o r r e s p o n d e n t . ) SOCCER.

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The Selangor Rangers met the Selangor Indians in the final cricket fixture for the Stonor Shield on Sunday last but rain caused a postponement and the game will be continued next Saturday. The Indians scored only 48 runs in the first innings while the Rangers went 9 runs better. In the second attempt the Indians made 40 for 3 wickets when stumps were drawn. Lawrence de Silva (Rangers) took 6 wickets for 20 runs and his brother Clement got 1 for 4. The latter however hit a splendid 25 not out. B. J. Dionysius who turned up for the Selangor T.P.C.A. against the Selangor Sikhs last week-end at Kuala Lumpur bowled out 5 opponents for 36 runs and materially assisted his side to score an easy win.

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4c

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4c

ATHLETICS.

Lancelot Sullivan, youngest son of Mr. A. Sullivan of Serangoon Road, was in form with bat and ball when the Wearne Brothers' Sports Club played -against Fraser & Neave at cricket last Sunday. Young Sullivan compiled 41 runs and captured 2 wickets for 17 runs. The motormen won by 34 runs. *

t

CATHOLIC HERALD ON TEST CRICKET SELECTION. The Catholic Herald of London speaking of Test Cricket says, "perhaps the South Africans are shocked by the cruelty of the English selection committee to young cricketers, and by the dreadful unkindness of the press and public to the selection committee. It is rather nasty to see young men picked for test teams and then, when they fail once, ticked out ignominiously in favour of older men who have failed often; and to see the selectors blamed when Chese older fellows fail again."

CRICKET.

*

i I j i j [

AMATEUR ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION. Entries for the First open championship meeting of the Singapore Amateur Athletic Association should be sent to The Hon Secretary, B Connaught Drive, not later than 8 p.m. on Friday 21st September. The entry fee is 50cts. for each event and $1 for the relay race. The Preliminary Heats will be held on Sunday 29th September and the finals on Sunday, 6th October. The events are: 100 yards flat race; 220 yards flat race, 440 yards flat race, Half mile flat race, One mile flat race, 120 hurdle race, Putting the weight, High jump, Long Jump, Pole vault, 880 yards relay race, Throwing the Discus, and Throwing the Javelin.

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*

Patsy Hendren was once more the principal Middlesex rungetter when at home to Surrey on August 30th. Out of his County's total of 307 he made 117 not out.

! I i j i

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BELGIAN WINS CYCLE RACE. This year, the Annual Bicycle Race, which covers France in a circle, was won by a Belgian, Romain Maes, who remained at the head throughout the entire race and arrived first at the winning post. He established a new record of over 30 Kilometres an hour. The event is France's greatest sporting occasion and is called the "Tour de France." The course varies between 4000 to 5000 kilometres or between 2500 and 3125 miles. The Belgian team this year won 4 out of the 5 places in the general classification.

Dt/TRIBUTOR/

FOR

TIGER B E E R

FRA/CR6

CATHOLIC BOXERS FOR SINGAPORE. The new boxing arrivals from Manila are Al Cante, and Fighting Carlos. The Filipinos maks excellent boxers and in the very great majority of cases are Catholics. It is understood that Aime Raphael the splendid French boxer is returning to Singapore with a fellow countryman Marquez Ventura who has just arrived. Nick Benza is a Mexican feather weight of great promise.

*

S H O E CO.,

16

CHARITY IN CRICKET. Members of the South African Test Cricket Team have autographed a bat to be sold by auction in aid of the National Society for the prevention of cruelty to children.

S.R.C. SOCCER STANDARD. It is to be sincerely hoped that the Singapore Recreation Club who are at the bottom of the First Division will not withdraw next year. The failure of the Recs to win oftener can be traced to a number of causes but if the authorities concerned find a correct remedy there is no reason why the premier Eurasian club of Singapore should not improve considerably. For instance there was far too much reshuffling and it certainly made for disorganisation and lack of that combination so essential in a football game. The Recs have a number of promising soccerites who if properly handled may still prove a potent factor in coming League and Cup Competitions.

4c

S A T U R D A Y , 7th September, 1935.

LTD.

SINGAPORE

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Jack Doyle, the Irish Catholic boxer, who was counted to be a future contender for the world's heavy weight boxing crown, was technically knocked out by Buddy Baer in the 1st round of a 6 rounds contest at the Madison Square Gardens, New York, last Friday. Doyle was down three times. Perhaps this seemingly inexplicable defeat will do Doyle a tremendous amount of good for he is a headstrong youngster whose boxing education has been sadly neglected. If he will only conquer himself and get into good hands he may yet fulfil expectations. Unfortunately Doyle rushed into a marriage with a cinema actress before he had been 6 months in the States. Baer, is the brother of Max Baer, ex champion of the world. He is a much heavier and taller fighter than Doyle and has a string of knockout wins over r-mall time boxers to his credit. One hopes Doyle does not quit the boxing game after this for it is his first real defeat. He lost to Jack Peterson of Cardiff two years ago on a foul. By the way very few people know that Doyle is a fine singer and has been earning good money on the screen and i stage from singing.

PERSONAL GLIMPSES. In a Museum in Vienna is exhibited t h e piano used by t h e m a s t e r Beethoven. A n American gir) walked casually toward it and ran off a careless air. Then, t u r n i n g t o t h e a t t e n d a n t , she asked w h e t h e r t h e r e had not been g r e a t p i a n i s t s to inspect t h i s i n s t r u m e n t . The a t t e n d a n t informed h e r t h a t a s h o r t while before, P a d e r e w s k i had made a pilgrimage to t h i s shrine. " P a d e r e w s k i ?" inquired t h e girl. " A n d surely he m u s t have played s o m e t h i n g beautiful on it." "On t h e c o n t r a r y , " responded t h e guard. " H e did not feel w o r t h y of touching i t . " â&#x20AC;&#x201D; H e n r y T. Finck, Musical L a u g h s . STRANGE AS IT SEEMS. S t r a n g e as it seems, good fishing is to be h a d in t h e middle of t h e S a h a r a desert, b u t you h a v e to dig t o get to t h e m . Wells s u n k in t h e d e s e r t h a v e yielded fish t h a t h a v e lived, nobody knows how long, in t h e s u b t e r r a n e a n w a t e r s u n d e r n e a t h t h e hot sand of t h e Sahara.


MALAYA

SHANGHAI

CATHOLIC L E A D E R ,

CATHOLIC

SATURDAY,

ACTION

CONGRESS. NINE

D A Y PROGRAMME

7th S e p t e m b e r , 1935.

YOUTH INSTITUTE APOSTOLATE

SCHEDULED.

CONFERENCE.

TO DIRECT OF YOUTH.

ENERGIES

(By Lumen-N.CW.C. N e w s Service) Peiping.—Catholic Action H e a d q u a r t e r s h e r e h a v e j u s t released an e l a b o r a t e p r o g r a m m e , g i v i n g c o m p l e t e details of t h e F i r s t N a tional C o n g r e s s t o b e held i n S h a n ghai from September 8 to 16. T h e m a i n sessions a r e t o t a k e {dace i n t h e l a r g e A s s e m b l y Hall of t h e Catholic Action Middle School, w h i c h is n e a r S t . J o s e p h ' s Hospital. T h e programme being a v e r y full o n e , t h e o r g a n i z e r s of t h e C o n g r e s s h a v e found i t necess a r y t o r e s t r i c t t h e t i m e allowed individual s p e a k e r s . P r i n t e d copies of t h e a d d r e s s e s t o b e given will b e d i s t r i b u t e d a t each session, t h u s affording all delegates ample o p p o r t u n i t y for a careful consider a t i o n o f t h e topics discussed. More than twenty Vicars and P r e f e c t s Apostolic h a v e t h u s f a r signified t h e i r i n t e n t i o n of a t t e n d ing t h e C o n g r e s s . T h e d e t a i l s of t h e p r o g r a m m e a r e a s follows: F I R S T DAY, Sunday, September 8. 10.00 a.m. Opening Session. Inaugural Address—H.E. Archbishop Mario Zanin, Apostolic Delegate. Address of Welcome—H.E. Bishop Haouisee, V.Ap. of Shanghai. Address of Welcome—Mr. Lo Pa-hong, National President of C.A. Remarks on the Week's Programme— Rev. Dr. Paul Yu Pin, National Director. 5.00 p.m. Conference Session. Address: "What the Church expects of Catholic Action Associates"—H.E. Bishop Haouisee, V.Ap. of Shanghai. Address: "The Rise of Catholic Action in China"—Msgr. P. Ch'eng, P. Ap. of Hungtung, Shansi. 9.00 p.m. Conference Session. SECOND DAY, Monday, September 9. Address: "What the Chuch presupposes as regards C.A. Associates"—H.E. Bishop Haouisee, V.Ap. of Shanghai. Address: "The Pope and Catholic Action in China"—H.E. Bishop Simon Tsu, V.Ap; of Haimen, Kiangsu. General Discussion on questions of organization. 3.30 p.m. Special Meeting of Ecclesiastical Assistants C.A. Address: "The Clergy and Catholic Action"—H.E. Bishop J. Chow, V.Ap. of Paotingfu, Hupeh. General Discussion of questions affecting Ecclesiastical Assistants. 5.00 p.m. Reports Session. Report of Mr. Lo Pa-hong on Catholic Action in Shanghai. Reports of Delegates on activities In other principal cities. Remarks by one of the Bishops present. THIRD DAY, Tuesday, September 10. 9.00 a.m. Conference Session. Address: "The Social Formation of C.A. Associates"—H.E. Bishop Gubbels, V.Ap. of Ichang, Hupeh. Address: "Peasant Federation in China"—Vincent Wang, Ph.D. Address: "Medical Work and Catholic Action"—Chang Han-min, M.D. 3.30 p.m. 2d Special Meeting of Ecclesiastical Assistants. Address: "Can Catholic Action be practised everywhere" at present?"— H.E. Bishop Haouisee, V.Ap. of Shanghai. Address: "The Inner Life of Ecclesiastical Assistants"—H.E. Bishop de Vienne, V.Ap. of Tientsin. Discussion on Matters affecting Ecclesiastical Assistants. 5.00 p.m. Conference Session. Address: "The Cooperative Movement in China"—Rev. John B. Niu, Secretary General C.A. Discussion on practical questions of the social apostolate. Remarks by one of the Bishops present. FOURTH DAY, Wednesday, September 11. 9.00 a.m. Session on Catholic Education. Address: "Requisites for a truly Catholic School"—Prof. Chang Huai, Ph.D., . Catholic University P. Address: "School Legislation and Catholic Schools"—Li Cheng-fu. Reports on Catholic Schools.

Discussion of School Questions. Remarks by one of the Bishops present. 3.30 p.m. Special Meeting of Catholic Journalists. 5.00 p.m. Press Session. Address: "LUMEN News Service"— Rev. F. C. Dietz, M.M., Director LUMEN Service. Address: "A Brief Survey of recent Catholic i Publications in China"—Rev. Joseph Zi, S. J. (Shanghai) Address: "Catholic Journalism"—Rev. Bonaventure Peloquin, O.F.M., Ed. "China Light." Address: "Catholic Action Publications"—Rev. Marcus Chai (Kaying, Kwangtung). Address: "The 'I-Shih-Pao' (Social Welfare, Tientsin) and Cath. Action"— Liu Huo-hsuan, Director "I-Shih-Pao." Discussion on questions relating to the Catholic Press in China. Remarks by one of the Bishops present. FIFTH DAY, Thursday, September 12. "CATHOLIC YOUTH DAY." 9.00 a.m. Conference Session. Address: "The Mission of Catholic Youth"—Rev. Venance Chao (Suanhwa, Hopeh). Address: "The Formation of Catholic Youth"—Rev. Dr. John Fu, S.V.D. (Catholic University of P ) . Address: "Catholic Youth and the Eucharistic Crusade"—Rev. Chang Weip'ing (Shanghai). Address: "Cathloic Youth and the Marian Congregation"—Rev. Chang Shih-ch'uan, SJT. (Shanghai). Address: "Catholic Boy Scouts"— Hsiao Shih-i, Nat'l Sec'y Cath. Youth Association. Report of the Nat'J Directive Council of the Cath. Youth Association. Reports of major Branch Associations. Discussion on questions relating to Catholic Youth. 3.30 p.m. Young Men's Meeting. Address: "Study Clubs"—Rev. Wu Ying-fong, S.J. (Shanghai). General Discussion on Youth Questions. 5.30 p.m. Mass Meeting of Catholic Youth. Formal Review of Catholic Student Bodies of Shanghai. Address by the Apostolic Delegate, H. E. Archbishop Zanin. Presentation of the First Prize to the Winner of Catechism Competition. Address: "The Holy Father the Pope, Commander-in-chief of C. Action"—Rev. Peter Chang (Shanghai). SIXTH DAY, Friday, September 13. 9.00 a.m. Special Men's Session. Address: "Catholic Men"—H. E. the Apostolic Delegate. Address: "Nothing without Episcopal Approval"—Lo Pa-hong, National President C. A. Address: "Catholic Action and Politics"—Prof. Ignatius Ying (Catholic University of P.) Address: "Religious and Catholic Action"—Rev. Brother Wen Yuan (Ankwo, Hopeh). Remarks by one of the Bishops present. 3.30 p.m 3rd Special Meeting of Ecclesiastical Assistants Discussions continued. 5.00 p.m. Special Women's Session. Address by the Apostolic Delegate, H. E. Archbishop Zanin :"What Catholic Women in China can contribute." Address: "Feminine Catholic Youth" —Dr. Madeleine Chang (Peiping). Report of the President of the Women's Catholic Action Association—Mile Ying Ti (Peiping). Reports of the principal Branch Associations Discussion. SEVENTH DAY, Saturday, Sept. 14. 9.00 a.m. Conference Session. Address: "The Right of Possession enjoyed by Catholic Missions"—Msgr. P. Wang, Prefect Ap. of Chumatien, Honan. Address: "Freedom of Belief and the New Constitution"—Prof. Ku Shou-hsi (Aurora University, Shanghai). General Discussion. 3.30 p.m. Meeting of Catholic Intellectuals. 5.00 p.m. General Session of Catholic Intellectuals. Address: "The Intellectual Apostolate"—Ma Hsiang-peh. Address: "The Mission of Catholic Intellectuals"—Rev. Dr. Wilhelm Schmidt, S.V.D. (Continued on page 5 Col. \)

(By N.C.W.C. N e w s Service.) W a s h i n g t o n . — T h e work of p r o perly directing t h e energies of y o u n g people w a s described a s a real apostolate a s t h e Y o u t h I n s t i t u t e sponsored b y t h e N a t i o n a l Council of Catholic W o m e n opened a t t h e National Catholic School of Social Service h e r e recently. Miss A n n e S a r a c h o n Hooley, P r e s i d e n t of t h e N a t i o n a l Council of Catholic Women, a n d t h e Rev. V i n c e n t Mooney, C.S.C., Director of t h e Catholic Y o u t h B u r e a u of t h e National Catholic Welfare Conference, delivered brief add r e s s e s a t t h e opening session. T h e r e m a i n d e r of t h e session w a s devoted t o r e g i s t r a t i o n , t h e i n t r o duction of delegates a n d general discussion. " T h e N.C.C.W. w i t h i t s m a n y affiliated groups t h r o u g h o u t t h e c o u n t r y , w o r k i n g u n d e r t h e direct g u i d a n c e of t h e H i e r a r c h y , m u s t of necessity be ever a l e r t t o t h e c h a n g i n g needs, n o t only of society a t l a r g e , b u t of t h e mission of t h e C h u r c h a s served b y l a i t y , " Miss Hooley said. Activities

Extended.

" W e h a v e for some y e a r s in various w a y s t r i e d t o s e r v e t h e y o u t h g r o u p s , b u t t h e peculiar conditions of t h e t i m e h a v e so inc r e a s e d t h e d e m a n d f o r t h i s aid t h a t t h e Council, w i t h t h e encourag e m e n t of i t s Episcopal C h a i r m a n , h a s extended t h e w o r k of i t s Y o u t h C o m m i t t e e , a n d h a d laid p l a n s f o r giving t o i t s affiliated o r g a n i z a t i o n s a p r o g r a m m e which n o t only m a k e s u s e of t h e g r e a t Catholic o r g a n i z a t i o n s w h o h a v e a p a r t t o play, b u t also of t h e social a n d g o v e r n m e n t a l influences which m a y help t o r o u n d o u t a m o r e a b u n d a n t , a m o r e s t r o n g l y spirit u a l , a more useful spirit of Youth." " W e h a v e in y o u r d a y and m i n e , " Miss Hooley also said, " h a d m u c h talk, m u c h w r i t i n g , and much lamentation about flaming y o u t h , a n d too little application of t h e g r e a t p a n a c e a of B u s y n e s s . T h i s flame is so universal a c h a r a c t e r i s t i c of y o u t h , so n e c e s s a r y a n j i t e m of success in t h a t which y o u t h m u s t accomplish, so plainly a blessed gift of a n All-Wise C r e a t o r t h a t i t seems t o m e t h a t w e o u g h t t o a p p r o a c h it a l m o s t w i t h a sense of reverence, certainly w i t h a n u n d e r s t a n d i n g h e a r t . A n d doing t h i s w e find t h a t w h a t l a m e n t is n o t t h e flame of y o u t h , b u t t h e neglect of t h a t flame. F i r e properly fed and cared for h a s been a l w a y s a g r e a t aid t o m a n , b u t f fed w i t h explosives a n d undirected it becomes a r o a r i n g m o n s t e r dev o u r i n g all in i t s p a t h a n d b e a r s n o n e of t h e w a r m i n g , healing, building service for which it is intended." " W e see for t h i s y o u t h , " Miss Hooley said, " a Catholic p r o g r a m m e which will d r a w h e r i n t o parish g r o u p s f u r n i s h i n g vocational guidance, character-building, s t r o n g social contacts, a n d an outlet for e n e r g y in h a n d i c r a f t , dramatic p r e s e n t a t i o n s , music, home-buildi n g a n d o t h e r construction w o r k H e r d a y h a s a purpose, h e r life a usefulness, and h e r e n e r g y a m e d i u m of release. " W e a r e t h i n k i n g , t o o , of t h e girl in a h o m e n o t too g r e a t l y

c h a n g e d b y economic p r e s s u r e , a girl w h o h a s h a d all t h e advantages of c u l t u r e a n d education, a g r a d u a t e , p e r h a p s , of a Catholic college. S h e m a y have all t h e desired qualities of leadership she h a s a t l e a s t a g r e a t contribution to m a k e . M a r r i a g e is, for some r e a s o n o r a n o t h e r , delayed, and m e a n w h i l e s h e accepts t h e rather e m p t y t h r i l l s of p r e s e n t d a y social life. B e c a u s e h e r a d v a n t a g e s are g r e a t e r , h e r potential contribution is g r e a t e r , so h e r misuse, h e r dissipation of h e r t a l e n t s is g r e a t and m o r e l a m e n t a b l e . W e should be able to go into a n y city, into any p a r i s h of t h e United S t a t e s , and find a n u m b e r of leaders for our Girl Scout troops, for s t u d v clubs, a n d f o r Sodality work. T h a t we cannot do t h i s , m u s t be charged to us r a t h e r t h a n t o t h e m . Y o u t h Problem is Adult Problem. " W e a r e t h i n k i n g t o o t h a t the Youth Movement m a y do for the Catholic w o m a n s f t o m o r r o w what h a s n o t been done for to-day's wom a n a n d t h a t is to give h e r an a p p r e c i a t i o n of h e r opportunity in t h e lay apostolate, t h a t a normal p a r t of t h e fullness of living includes t h e work of b r i n g i n g the mind of God into t h e minds of men." F a t h e r Mooney, a f t e r explaini n g briefly t o t h e delegates the ourpose of t h e N.C.W.C. Youth B u r e a u , said t h a t t o h i m , "the y o u t h problem is a n a d u l t problem t h e responsibility a d u l t s have for d i r e c t i n g t h e energies of youths — b o t h boys a n d g i r l s . " To a t t a c k t h i s problem, to meet t h i s responsibility, F a t h e r Mooney said, it is necessary f o r adults to define t h e i r objectives a n d then to co-operate t o t h e u t m o s t . "This is a n a p o s t o l a t e , " h e continued, "and w e m u s t do t h e work on t h a t basis. W e a r e going t o s t a n d or fall in t h i s w o r k on t h a t b a s i s . "

;

A SYMBOL If 'is difficult fo express the reverent Jove w e feel for those w h o are gone. A funeral here and a Symbol of remembrance aid and comfort the bereaved. v

SINGAPORE CASKET C O PENHAS ROAtV.SINGAPORE.


AalATX

CAftfortC fcUADfcR, §JMfcl*l)£f<7t!. &JMefc.fitr. 1*135.

GenfenU Jottings of the Week. JAMJSS

BRADDOCK

Flying e x p e r t s declare t h a t accid e n t s a r e bound to occur, b u t a g r e e t h a t t h e r e were too m a n y crashes. The difficulty is to 'see how t h e n u m b e r could be reduced. A n Air Ministry official told a Catholic newspaper interviewer t h a t every care w a s t a k e n to see t h a t Military, aircraft were kept \n perfect condition. T h e cause of 90 per cent, of t h e c r a s h e s he said were due t o t h e h u m a n element. He added t h a t no m a t t e r how perfect t h e machine m i g h t be . t h e pilot w a s always liable t o m a k e a misr t a k e . C r a s h e s were . t h e price of speed. In modern h i g h s p e e d craft t h e pilot had little chance of r e covery f r o m a n error. Fir<e a f t e r a , crash . s t a r t s not frofn t h e pjetrol b u t from the. l u b r i c a t i n g oil. it h a s been conclusively proved. I t was this t h a t first c a u g h t fire a n d then ignited t h e petrol. The only way to prevent fires is t o p r e v e n t crashes. T h e . development of a u t o m a t i c flying as a m e a n s t o g r e a t e r safety w a s of v e r y little use, a n e x p e r t in commercial aviation d e clared. . W e a t h e r r e p o r t s ^ a n d direction finding w e r e so , efficient jthat no " heed r u n into b a d w e a t h e r ftnbwiiigly. T h e r e w a s little t o fear from eh^ifie f a i l u r e . f o r t h e J a i e s , t 4 en§in$<i a i r l i t e r s , could keep t h e i r course a n d m a i n t a i n h e i g h t u p t o 2,300 f e ^ w i t h only ^ e n g i n e s r u n n i r i g f i v e n if all 4 engines failed —jnQst unlikely o c c u r r e n c e — t h e machine ..could .still be. glided t o s a f e t y provide^! t h e pilot kept h i s he£d. A skilful fiilot should be able to g e t his m a c h i n e down safely in most circumstances.

FACTS. ABOUT,MARCONI DlVORCfe I N S f i N f c E . . N o n Catholics s o m e t i m e s flout t h e Marconi case ih. tKe ,£ace of Catholics a s a n example of a divorce g r a n t e d b y t h e Catholic church. T h i s of course is b ^ lib meSris t r u e for t h e c h u r c h of C h r i s t c a n never s e p a r a t e w h a t God^ h a s joined tofe|th^r , '^e.^S^tii case w a s deci&ed lo b e kh invalid m a r r i a g e because ^t h a $ b^eri agreed between h i m Srid L&dy Beatrice O'Brien, a s a. condition governing his, Union j y i t h .her, t h a t he should ix>t expose h e r seeking a divorce if t h e *ihioh shbiild become u n h a p p y . I t w a s n o t a life contract. Marconi, t h o u g h b o r n of a Catholic f a t h e r a n d b a p t i s e d in t h e Catholic religion; h a d , been brought u p b y h i s hjpttier a s \ a P r o t e s t a n t arid w a s practically a n Anglican a t t h e t i m e of his m a r riage w i t h L a d y B e a t r i c e in 1905." (Catholic Times)

A complete Food made in a moment by the mere addition °f hot water. in guaranteed and dated air tight containers.

For Better 55,

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T H R O N G S HONOUR MEMORY OF i)fc. f J O L L F U S S . Over 100,000 people g a t h e r e d on the; Heldenplatz, Vienna, on J u l y 2§th, t h e . first a n n i v e r s a r y of t h e murder.of. Dr.. Dollfuss, in a g r e a t national t r i b u t e t o t h e late Chancellor. Cardinal I n n i t z e r of Vienna w a s present. ChUricellbr S c h u s n i g g , Dollfuss's successor a d d r e s s e d t h e g a t h e r i n g . P r i n c e ShaHrernberg, Vice C h a n cellor; also spoke. MEXICAN P E A S A N T S REVOLT.

: X

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N E X T MAYOR O F WESTMlNSTEfe. T h e n e x t Mayor of W e s t m i n s t e r is to be a Catholic, named, Captain J a m e s Cornelius Dalton, J . P . , L.C.C., A l d e r m a n of t h e City of W e s t m i n s t e r Council. H e will be the 3rd Catholic M a y o r of W e s t minster.

PiiXjfilMAGfe I N H O N O U R O F ST. M A R T H A . | j j

THE (jlRAFFE NECKED CIRCUS P E R F O R M E R .

jt is reported t h a t 20,000 peas a n t s iii tKe S t a t e of T a m i u l i p a s Mexico, have revolted a n d d e m a n d e d . tfie dismissal of t h e Governor and n u m e r o u s officials. T h e Governor is s t a t e d t o be b e sieged in t h e palace* which h a s b'eeri converted into a f o r t r e s s . tfEiftt

6 1 pifcbf O'REILLY

VINCENT

Pilot Officer Vincent O'Reilly, who, was. killed in t h e aeroplane c r a s h in t h e F-irtti, of- F o r t h , w a s a n old boy of t h e Le L a Salle B r o t h e r s ' School; S t . J o s e p h ' s College, Beulah Etill, London, a n d w a s only 20 years of a g e . Crowds lined. t h e route a s t h e Cortege, escorted by officers of t h e R.A.F. left t h e College Chapel for t h e cemetery. BAVARIAN GOVERNMENT OPP O S E D TO R E Q U I E M MASS I N MUNICH.

Mu P r o a , a B u r m e s e Catholic, j who is a circus p e r f o r m e r known as " T h e Giraffe-necked woman," crave b i r t h recently in a Carlisle N u r s i n g Home. H e r neck is enNAZI A T T I T U D E T O P R I N C E circled w i t h b r a s s r i n g s . She will RUPERT. remove t h e rings a s soon as h e r circus contract expires. She does Crown Prince R u p e r t of, B a v a r i a not intend t& have r i n g s placed has suddenly become t h e otiject of h e r baby's neck. round Nazi a t t a c k s for n o t n b i s t i n ? a Dr. W. J. D'Rosario, an Anglo Swastika flag on his palace. Indian, who a t t e n d e d t h e m o t h e r and child is also a Catholic. ENGAGEMENT OF T H E DUKE OF GLOUCESTER. IRISH C A P U C H I N S ' FOfi NOR-

The Bavarian Government r e fused t o sanction t h e holding of a Requiem Mass in Munich on t h e a n n i v e r s a r y of t h e m u r d e r of D r . Dollfuss on July 25th. T h e A u s t r i a n Consul General w a s told t h a t such a ceremony would be misunderstood a n d m i g h t lead to disorders a n d t h e prejudicing of A u s t r o - G e r m a n relations. T h e project w a s abandoned u n d e r p r e s s u r e of t h i s virtual t h r e a t .

THERN R h o d e s i a . A}1 Catholics a r e glad t o learn of the e n g a g e m e n t of t h i r d sorto£King . George V, t o L a d y Alice Scott, a The; Government o£ N o r t h e r n descendant .of t h e S t u a r t K i n g s , Rhodesia hps ^ u t h q r i ^ e d .£he Irish and we wislL Prince H e n r y a n d h i s ( > p u c h L ^ ti^open a mission i q „ & fiancee all t h a t can m a k e t h e m | W. Bafbtsetahd. They also h a v e happy. opened six new schools.

S i r Seymour a n d La^y. Hicks, famous actor a n d a c t r e s s , w e r e t h e gjiests of a c o m p a n y of m o r e t h a n g O O a t a luncheon AP London to celebrate the.. Knighthood conf e r r e d , recently by t h e King,, upon Sir Seymour. B o t h a r e Catholics.

(

Babies

A g e n t s for. South Malaya, B.N. Borneo & Sarawak:

w

U r i U m

WANI

HIM TO BE ON COW AND fiATE

HOW T O MINIMISE T H E S E DANGERS.

James Braddock, champion heavy weight boxer of t h e world, who i s a Catholic, describes his life story for t h e S u n d a y Chronicle. Braddock reveals that one time Tommy Loughran, world's light heavy w e i g h t title holder, a n d a Catholic too, " w a s one of t h e m o s t skilful b o x e r s of all t i m e . " L o u g h r a n m e t Braddock in 1930 when h e m a d e t h e latter feel a s if h e h a d gloves on for t h e first time. Braddock: "never s a w so m a n y lefts a t once T h e y c a m e from in m y life. everywhere a n d he g a v e m e a plastering." W h e n t h e champion was absolutely d o w n a n d out h e went o n t h e . d o l e and, became No. 2796. H e received £5 a m o n t h but h e h a s now paid, i t all back. Poor Braddock h a d p e r h a p s m o r e ups and downs t h a n a n y f o r m e r He h a s certainly world beater. deserved success.

Cooks from all p a r t s of F r a n c e gathered a t t h e s h r i n e of S t . M a r tha, t h e i r p a t r o n , a t T a r a s c o n . The Saint is said t o b e buried there and every y e a r a g r e a t pilgrimage g a t h e r s in h e r honour.

HE l i l t BE WHIT y§0

F L Y I N G E X P E R T S ON CRASHES.

HIC C H E C K E R E D C A R E E R .

17

SIR SEYMOtrfc A N D L A D Y rilCKS E N T E R T A I N E D .

BELGIAN ^VIOLINSTS R E C k TAL BEFORE APPRECIATIVE AUDIENCE. L a s t week Singapore w a s t r e a t ed t o a very r a r e music recital by Leo Liegeois, t h e Belgian violinist a t t h e town Hall. T h e a r t i s t w a s encored over knd over a g a i n a n d wouM have obliged h i s e n t h u s i a s tic audience more frequently b p t out of consideration f o r h i s splendid accompanist, M a d a m e &ietz he declined a few t i m e s . One h a s seldom h e a r d a finer player o r seen a ihbre delighted audience. The n u m b e r s executed in such m a s t e r l y fashion w e r e T a r tini's Sonata—;The ^.Devil's Thritf; Reverie by Vieuxteriips; P a g a n i ni's Concerto in D. M&jbr; D u e t t o for Violin b £ Lfegeols himself; S e r e n a d e Cubolique; Beethoven's R o m a n c e in F ; W i t c h e s ' D a n c e ; Romaii&a and . Schergo T a i ^ n t e l l e by W i e n i a w s k U a n d " V a r i a t i o n s oh Htujgariaxi M e l o d i e s . h y ErijsJ;. He,, e n d e d » w i t h i n e d i t e t i o p from f h a i s b y Massenet, a n d " S o u v e n i r Muscov by Wieniaski. « d. j ^ A K i i G ^ t t C r t ^ E l N " T f t E VOICE O F B R I T A I N 9 9

„ Mf. Q. K. Chesterton, t h e f a m o u s Catholic writer, a p p e a r s iri t h e official British B r o a d c a s t i n g C o m p a n y ' s film, " T h e voice of B r i taip." Along w i t h George B e r n a r d S h a w his friendly rival, h e is seen in t h e act of b r o a d c a s t i n g . marhiage. Fitzsimon—Paton. On S a t u r d a y l a s t Miss Eileen P a t r i c i a Paton, second d a u g h t e r o i Mr. a n d M r s . A. P a t o n of Singapore a n d County C-arlow, Ireland, w a s m a r r i e d a t t h e C a t h e d r a l of t h e Good Shepherd t o M r . George F i t z s i m o n Clifford, son of Mr. a n d Mrs. Clifford of Penzance, Cornwall. Rev. F a t h e r M a u r y officiate ed a n d Mr. Cecil Mosbergen played t h e organ. T h e bride's t h r e e s i s t e r s supported h e r as bridesmaids. B o t h p a r t i e s a r e Catholics, a n d a r e v e r y well-known in Singapore Mr. Clifford w a s for a couple of sea^ sons t h e Cricket C a p t a i n of t h e United E n g i n e e r s Recreation Club. H e r t w o little b r o t h e r s , P a t r i c k a n d J a m e s , were h e r p a g e s while h e r . m o t h e r w a s m a t r o n of honour. Mr. J . McConigley, of Raffles I n s t i t u t i o n a n d a Catholic w a s one of t h e t h r e e groomsmen. T h e recept i o n w a s held a t N o . 7 Cable Road a n d t h e honeymoon a t Cameron Highlands.


MALAYA

18

CATHOLIC L E A S E R ,

AROUND

THE PARISHES

SINGAPORE,

SINGAPORE CATHEDRAL OF THE "GOOD S H E P H E R D . " Baptism. B e r t h a J a n e F r a n c e s de C h a n t a l b o r n on T h u r s d a y t h e 22nd Aug., 1935, d a u g h t e r of P e r i n B a k e r a n d W i l h e l m i n a B a k e r (nee Nonis.) B a p t i s e d a t t h e C a t h e d r a l of t h e Good S h e p h e r d on S u n d a y 1st S e p t e m b e r . G o d - p a r e n t s Mr. J u l i a n and Mrs. Clara Nonis. * * * * * * C A T H O L I C A C T I O N SOCIETY. C a t h e d r a l of t h e "Good S h e p h e r d , " Singapore. T h e Catholic A c t i o n i s t s of t h e Cathedral are informed t h a t t h e G e n e r a l M e e t i n g h a s decided t o p r e s e n t a n A d d r e s s t o H i s Excellency t h e R i g h t R e v e r e n d A d r i e n Devals, D.D.,-on S u n d a y n e x t , 8 t h S e p t e m b e r , 1935 a t 9.30 a.m., a t t h e Bishop's H o u s e , in h o n o u r of his Patronal Feast. I t b e i n g t h e first a n n i v e r s a r y of t h e F e a s t since t h e i n a u g u r a t i o n o£ ..the Society, i t is hoped t h a t a s m a n y m e m b e r s a s possible will b e p r e s e n t a t t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n of t h e Address. - T h e Meeting h a s agreed to t h e M e m b e r s of the* S i n g a p o r e Catholic Club j o i n i n g i n t h e function. K3?he P a r i s h i o n e r s of t h e C a t h e d ral ^ f t h e ^Good S h e p h e r d " a n d of t h e K a t o n g C h u r c h a r e also cor. dially^ invited. X « W. H..MOSBERGEN, ni: Honorary Secretary, r Catholic Action Society. ,-r T

;

£ S A C R E D H E A R T CHURCH. % r

Saver Jubilee of t h e Church oft £Me

Sacred Heairt

1910—1935.1

A t t h e r e q u e s t of H i s Excel-1 lency B i s h o p A . Devals,. a n d i n * o r d e r , t o enablq M m t o a t t e n d - t h e Jubilee Celebration w h i c h ! ;;was t o be held on t h e 8th Sep-i ; j . t e m b e r i t h a s . been postponed jt.to t h e 29th September.

S A T U R D A Y , 7th September, 1935.

PENANG,

CHURCH O F ST. JOSEPH. Baptism. A u g u s t 3 1 . P a t r i c k Yeo, born on t h e 3 r d J u n e , 1906, s o n of Yeo S a y Tong. G o d - p a r e n t s : — S a m u e l R o d r i g u e s a n d P e t r i n a Monteiro. * * * * * * A u g u s t 3 1 . C h r i s t o p h e r Yeo, b o r n on t h e 1 2 t h December, 1933, son of P a t r i c k Yeo a n d Leonie Daisy Spykerman. God-parents: — C y r i l Monteiro a n d Lilian Nonis. * * * * * * A u g u s t 3 1 . E r n e s t Yeo, b o r n on t h e 6 t h J a n u a r y , 1935, son of P a t r i c k Yeo a n d of Leonie Daisy Spykerman. God-parents:—Rupert d e Silva a n d H o r t e n s i a de Silva. * * * * * * S e p t e m b e r 1. A n t h o n y J o s e p h Nonis, born on t h e 1 7 t h A u g u s t , 1935, son of P e t e r N o n i s a n d M a r y Nonis. G a d - p a r e n t s : — J u l i a n Nonis a n d J o s e p h i n e Nonis. * * * * * * S e p t e m b e r 1. C h r i s t i n a B a p t i s t , b o r n on t h e 1st A u g u s t , 1935, d a u g h t e r of William B a p t i s t a n d of August Baptist. God-parents:— A n t h o n y Kessler a n d Dolphine de Souza. *

*

FIRST

*

*

*

C. Roberts, t h e officer Commanding t h e Troops, Major-General E. 0 . Lewin, Commodore A. L . P . Mark-Wardlaw (Naval B a s e ) , t h s Commanding Officer, Royal A i r Force, F a r E a s t Group, Capt. S. W. S m i t h , t h e Inspector-General I of Police, Mr. G. O n r a e t , t h e P r e s i dent of t h e Municipal Commis! sioners, Mr. W. B a r t l e y , t h e Secrei t a r y t o t h e H i g h Commissioner, I Mr. E . E . F . P r e t t y , C a p t a i n j Geoffrey F r e y b e r g , t h e M a s t e r | Attendant.

Following r e t r e a t o f - t h r e e d a y s conducted b y Rev. F r . M. K o h , o n e h u n d r e d a n d twenty-five little child r e n , boys a n d girls received t h e i r F i r s t Communion on t h e 2 8 t h ins t a n t a t t h e c h u r c h of T h e N a t i v i t y of t h e Blessed V i r g i n M a r y . A f t e r t h e service w a s over, t h e children t o g e t h e r w i t h t h e i r p a r e n t s w e n t t o t h e p a r o c h i a l house a n d w a r m l y t h a n k e d t h e i r vicar a n d g o t h i s final b l e s s i n g before going home. A g r o u p p h o t o g r a p h of t h e little F i r s t Communicants with Rev. F r . M. K o h in t h e c e n t r e w a s t h e n ta» k e n b y M e s s r s . P a u l & Co.

Entertainment T h e C.Y.M.A. C h u r c h of O u r L a d y of L o u r d e s Singapore p r e s e n t e d ' a v e r y nice comedy o f JMoliere's a t t h e P a r o c h i a l Hall u n d e r t h e d i s t i n g u i s h e d p a t r o n a g e of H i s L o r d s h i p M g r . A . Devals, a n d a good n u m b e r of t h e clergy. O w i n g t o t h e s t e a d y drizzle, however, a good m a n y could n o t come. T h e play w a s a v e r y g r e a t success, a n d all t h e a c t o r s a r e t o b e c o n g r a t u l a t e d on t h e splendid w a y in which t h e y p o r t r a y e d t h e i r p a r t s . Mr. G. V . S a n t h o u in t h e t i t l e role of t h e " M i s e r " w a s all t h a t a m i s e r could b e . Mr. C. A n t h o n y i n t h e role of t h e . m i s e r ' s s t e w a r d w a s a good a n t a g o n i s t t o M r . P . L . A n t h o n y t h e Misery's cook & c o a c h m a n w h o added a good deal t o t h e comic effect. . ~ T h e C.Y.M.A. wishes t o t h a n k those, who, attended, for their land support. ' M a s t e r C. L a z a r o o on t h e p i a n o was an a t t r a c t i o n b y himself, a n d shows g r e a t p r o m i s e . r

Mr. William B e r c h m a n s O'Connor, advocate a n d solicitor, with offices in B a t t e r y Road, died of p n e u m o n i a in t h e S i n g a p o r e General Hospital early last Thursday morning. T h e deceased g e n t l e m a n was a n a t i v e of County Limerick, Ireland, a n d was 56 y e a r s of age. He qualified a s a b a r r i s t e r in Dublin in 1911. H e practised in t h e N o r t h Western Province of I n d i a from 1912 to 1930, when h e c a m e t o Singapore. H e w a s e n g a g e d frequently by t h e Crown in i m p o r t a n t criminal cases in t h e P u n j a b . H e h a d been ill f o r only a few d a y s a n d now leaves behind a widow a n d t w o sons w i t h whom m u c h s y m p a t h y will b e felt. A l a r g e g a t h e r i n g of t h e legal f r a t e r n i t y w a s p r e s e n t a t t h e funeral a t Bidadari C e m e t e r y on T h u r s d a y evening. A choral service w a s held a t t h e Cathedral of t h e Good Shepherd.

TO OUR C O R R E S P O N D E N T S .

The Editor will be pleased to consider manuscripts intended for publication in the M.C.L. Every reasonable care will be taken for their safe return when stamped and self addressed envelopes are enclosed. Manuscripts should be typewritten (double spaced) and on one side of the sheet only. The Editor reserves the right to accept or reject an article as he deems fit, and he cannot be responsible for the loss of any MSS. All contributions intended for publication must be accompanied by the full name and address of the contributor; but not necessarily for publication. Articles, short stories, poems etc.; taken from other papers or periodicals should bear the name of the original paper or periodical as well as the name of the sender. No copyright article will be accepted for publication. All Literary contributions and letters 73, Bras Basah Road,' Singapore.

Solemn Requiem H i g h M a s s for T h e Soul of B e l g i u m ' s Queen. Leading Folks Attend. A Solemn R e q u i e m H i g h M a s s w a s s u n g in t h e C a t h e d r a l of t h e God S h e p h e r d on- T u e s d a y m o r n i n g a t 8 a.m., for t h e repose of t h e I soul of Queen A s t r i d of Belgium. T h e celebrant w a s R e v . F r . Quin- ! t e n s , Belgian p r i e s t of t h e Scheut Mission a n d w a s a s s i s t e d by F r . Verbois, also of t h e S c h e u t Mission a n d F r . Dubois A s s i s t a n t V i c a r of t h e C a t h e d r a l . T h e catafalque d r a p e d in Belgian colours, a n d super-imposed b y a p o r t r a i t of t h e late Queen, w a s placed a t t h e t o p of t h e aisle. H . E . t h e Governor w a s r e p r e s e n t e d b y t h e Colonial S e c r e t a r y , S i r A n d r e w Caldecott a n d t h e Belgian c o m m u n i t y by Mr. H. Sarton and Madame Sarton. H i s Excellency Bishop Devals i m p a r t e d t h e final Blessing. V e r y R e v . F r . Cardozo r e p r e s e n t e d t h e P o r t u g u e s e Mission. T h e choir which w a s a t i t s b e s t w a s u n d e r t h e able b a t o n of M r . W . H . Mosbergen while M r . Mosbergen ( J u n i o r ) presided a t t h e o r g a n . Other's p r e s e n t w e r e : T h e Bishop of S i n g a p o r e , t h e R i g h t R e v . B .

should

be addressed

to

Accounts of social and personal events should be as concise as possible, unless they are of general interest. Parish Correspondents are requested to forward all parish news, to reach us every Tuesday. Late news is liable to be held over for future publication.

TO O U R S U B S C R I B E R S .

GOOD

r

* CATHOLIC YOUNG MEN'S ASSOCIATION.

The Italian Consul, Mr. E n r i c o Mattoli, a n d M r s . Mattoli, t h e Germ a n Consul, M r . Maenss, t h e D u t c h Consul, M r . T. Elink-Schurma, t h e F r e n c h Consul, Mr. B a l lereau, a n d the Vice-Consul, Mr. Revelli, t h e Consul for P o r t u g a l , Mr. R. G. Alves G u e r r a a n d M r s . Alves Guerra, t h e American Consul, Mr. Wilbur Keblinger, t h e Consul for Switzerland, Mr. A r benz, t h e Czechoslovakian Consul, Dr. Pavel S t r a v i s k y , t h e Chinese Consul-General, D r . Philip T y a u , and t h e Consul M r . Sze Zau T s u n g .

D E A T H O F CATHOLIC LAWYER.

*

COMMUNICANTS.

CATHEDRAL OF T H E SHEPHERD.

SERE MB AN,

xr q u e s t s - * Renewal or Discontinuance of Subscription, and Notification of Change of Address should be made at least two weeks m advance. The previous as well as present address should always be mentioned. f c

T h e Consul of t h e A r g e n t i n e , Mr. F . J . W i t t , t h e Consul f o r J a p a n , Mr. Kuchi Gunji, t h e ViceConsul for t h e N e t h e r l a n d s , Mr. V a n Dorp, t h e Siamese Consul, Luang Vudhisara Neitnati, t h e Consul for D e n m a r k , Mr. F . Kock, t h e Swedish Consul, Mr. E . Sandberg, t h e N o r w e g i a n Consul, Mr. Swinchatt. Mr. and M r s . W e i n b e r g a n d Mr. Charles W e i n b e r g , Mr. S c h u p p , Mr. Leo Liegeois (members of t h e Belgian c o m m u n i t y ) , Mr. Rene Russon, t h e m a n a g e r of t h e B a n k de'l Indochine, Mr. M. Dellaert, t h e A g e n t of t h e K.N.I.L.M., Mr. F. Tatin, General Manager of t h e F a r E a s t Oxygen Co., M r . a n d Mrs. S. Doat, M r . P e u v e r g n e , Mr. B r u n o , of t h e F i a t Co., Mr. a n d Mrs. Lejeune, D r . E . L. De Souza, Mr. a n d M r s . A n d r e G. C h a m b e r lain, Mr. a n d M r s . Richard, Mr. Boussut, Mr. a n d Mrs. W a r d e n , Mr. B r a s s i g n y , of t h e Belgian Consulate, who w a s in charge of t h e a r r a n g e m e n t s , a n d several o t h e r s . The Wardens present were Messrs. L . P . De Souza a n d J . F . Ess.

Rev. F a t h e r M a u r y officiated both a t t h e c h u r c h a n d graveside. Mrs. O'Connor, t h e widow, and son w e r e a m o n g t h o s e p r e s e n t . The A t t o r n e y General, t h e Solicitor General a n d t h e D.P.P. attended. A very large, collection of leaves covered t h e g r a v e , a silent testimony t o t h e e s t e e m a n d affection in which t h e deceased w a s held.

CYMA t h e Countries. WATCHES and CHRONOMETERS acknowledged the BEST in all Agent:

RENE ULLMANN, SINGAPORE.


19

NAZIS LAUNCH NEW D R i y E v »

V

'^(Continued fronf pdge 1) * '•

-

:

D e a t h Blow to Societies. ~ T h e g o v e r n o r of t w o of t h e m o s t Catholic B a v a r i a n provinces, Lower B a v a r i a a n d t h e U p p e r P a l a t i n a t e , h a s issued an o r d e r intended to force all s t a t e functionaries-arid employees t o t r a n s f e r t h e i r children from church t o s t a t e *(i.e. nazi) associations. This move, which it is expected will be i m i t a t e d soon t h r o u g h o u t Germany, will, t h e nazis hope, deal t h e Catholic youth societies t h e i r death-blow, for,; under t h e p r e s e n t Prussiai^Tra^iiicps.' regime rn which s t a t e , officials can In spite of ^thejr, i n c o r p o r a t i o n . be dismissed without pension in t h e nazi m o v e m e n t arid a l t h o u g h claims, t h e p r e s s u r e which t h e they a r e supposed t o be t h e official s t a t e can exercise is overwhelming. ex-servicemen's league in t h e nazi A similar m e a s u r e is t h e o r d e r movement, t h e y were a l w a y s s u s - prohibiting dual m e m b e r s h i p of pected as safe r e t r e a t s of reaction- t h e nazi " L a b o u r F r o n t " a n d t h e ary forces. ** -v' Catholic reKgiou3\and Social orgaThe Steel H e l m e t s s l i n g "to t h e i n i s a t i o n s , which m e a n s t h a t t h o s e Prussian t r a d i t i o n s , probably m o s t w h o r e m a i n loyal t o t h e l a t t e r canof them a r e m o n a r c h i s t s . T h e y not find "work q r e m p l o y m e n t of have not forgotten thitt t h e y w e r e a n y description. compelled t o p a r t w i t h t h e i r viceT h e g o v e r n m e n t pledge t o prochairman, Colonel Dustferberg, w h o tect t h e Catholic a n d P r o t e s t a n t even w a s t h e i r candidate, f o r t h e churches proves no obstacle t o a Presidency of t h e R e i c h m 1932, ceaseless campaign aimed a t t h e but w h o w a s u n f o r t u n a t e e n o u g h u n d e r m i n i n g of both,, b u t a t t h e to have some a n c e s t o r w h o s e blood m o m e n t mainly directed a g a i n s t was n o t A r y a n enough f o r n a z i Catholicism. standards. Cloak for Politics. Undoubtedly m a n y Steel H e l m e t s ' T h e pledge is evaded b y denounare v e r y " discontented w i t h t h e cing t h e preaching of t h o s e Chrisactual situation in G e r m a n y . T h e y t i a n t e n e t s which a r e incompatible believe t h a t a f t e r t h e - d i s s o l u t i o n w i t h nazi ideology, a s t h e ^bse of of all o t h e r political p a r t i e s t h e religion a s a cloack f o r politics. national socialist p a r t y should also T h u s H e r r Julius S t r e i c h e r , t h e be dissolved a n d a n aristocracy of fanatical anti-semitic leader, c a n a c h i e v e m e n t m a i n l y of m i l i t a r y assail t h e . essence of C h r i s t i a n i t y character, should t a k £ i t s p l a c e . , under t h e p r e t e x t t h a t h i s diaIt is no secret t h a t similar views t r i b e s a r e launched a g a i n s t t h e are held in i m p o r t a n t a r m y circles. pfaffe, a c o n t e m p t u o u s t e r m for a So t h e nazi a g i t a t i o n a g a i n s t t h e Catholic priest, which t h i s ingeni"reactionary f o r c e s " in t h e steel ous controversialist defines a s " a helmet league h a s some good r e a - politician m a s q u e r a d i n g in a cassons. sock." A similar s i t u a t i o n exists in t h e T h e l e n g t h t o which open nazi universities between t h e old s t u - anti-Catholic p r o p a g a n d a is p r e dent corporations on one side a n d pared t o go w a s illustrated the national socialist s t u d e n t s ' lea- recently w h e n H e r r S t r e i c h e r , in gue and t h e H i t l e r y o u t h on t h e a four h o u r s ' h a r a n g u e , m a d e r e other side. A n u l t i m a t u m a d d r e s - ferences t o C h r i s t a n d o u r L a d y sed to t h e corporations a n d a s k i n g which, in pre-nazi d a y s , would them to submit unconditionally t o have involved a prosecution f o r the nazi s t u d e n t s league h a s m e t blasphemy, a n d cast slurs on t h e with a categorical " n o " of m o s t leaders of t h e Church, i t s r i t e s a n d institutions. corporations. Jew and "Aryan." The Volkischer Beobachter alThis o u t b u r s t took place in t h e leges t h a t t h e r e is evidence of cooperation on a wide scale b e t w e e n Munich University u n d e r official German Catholics a n d c o m m u n i s t s . auspices, a n d i t s u l t i m a t e effects It says t h a t , failing a n explanation a r e indicated by t h e fact t h a t t h e by responsible ecclesiastical a u - audience consisted of e l e m e n t a r y thorities, t h e Catholic y o u t h a s s o - school t e a c h e r s , w h o w e r e u r g e d t o ciations m u s t b e r e g a r d e d a s , i n instil into t h e i r pupils t h a t t h e distinction w a s not between J e w a n d effect, b o l s t e v i s t o r g a n i s a t i o n s . Leaders Getting More Relentless! Christian, b u t between J e w a n d Indications of t h e g r o w i n g in- " A r y a n , " a n d t h a t b y b a p t i s i n g tensity of t h e anti-Catholic offen- J e w s t h e Church w a s deliberately sive in B a v a r i a a r e m u l t i p l y i n g b e t r a y i n g t h e " A r y a n " race. It is precisely t h i s difference beeach day. In n o o t h e r G e r m a n tween t h e Catholic a n d t h e Hitlestate is t h e C h u r c h s o firmly rooted r i t e conceptions of t h e education 6tthe as here, and t h e a n t a g o n i s m of t h e y o u n g which lies a t t h e root Bavarian nazi leaders is in conseof t h e nazis antagonism t o t h e quence more relentless t h a n elseChurch. where. Requiem Mass Abandoned. Bavaria h a s again a n d a g a i n a s well a s A u s t r i a n CaGerman been made a field for " t r y i n g o u t " tholics h a v e been shocked by t h e experiments in anti-Catholic action which, if successful, h a v e been r e - virtual refusal of t h e Bavarian peated elsewhere, a n d finally a p - g o v e r n m e n t t o sanction t h e holdplied uniformly over t h e whole ing of a requiem Mass in t h e St. Anna-Kirche, in Munich, on t h e Reich. t h e a n n i v e r s a r y of t h e m u r d e r of The campaign a g a i n s t t h e Ca- Dr. Dollfuss. tholic youth o r g a n i s a t i o n s affords The A u s t r i a n consul general w a s jnany instances. T h e efforts m a d e told t h a t such a ceremony could be to prevent t h e y o u t h s belonging t o misunderstood and m i g h t lead to tnese societies from w e a r i n g u n i - disorders a n d t h e prejudicing of forms and p a r t i c i p a t i n g in s p o r t s A u s t r o - G e r m a n relations. oegan in this s t a t e , and t h e i r a p Under p r e s s u r e of t h i s virtual plication to t h e whole c o u n t r y h a s t h r e a t t h e A u s t r i a n g o v e r n m e n t now been effected b y Reich decree. abandoned t h e project. were willing t o m a k e one concession after t h e o t h e r . The Steel H e l m e t s g o t a n e w name, N S D F B (national socialist ex-service m e n ' s l e a g u e ) , which has, however, n e v e r become popul a r / T h e league h a d t o exclude almost all m e m b e r s who were n o t real ex-service m e n , a n d w h o h a d not belonged t o i t for m a n y y e a r s . They had to c h a n g e t h e i r uniform and to wear s w a s t i k a slings round their a r m s .

v

AROUND THE PARISHES

''

DEATH O F LOCAL LAWYER. (Continued

LIFE A N D DEATH OF BL. OLIVER PLtJNKETT. {Continued

from'page

7)o:**

from page 1 8 )

f t h a t flowed on account of t h e cruel imposture of t h e Popish plot. I n his dying speech, t h e innocent On F r i d a y , before last m e m b e r s j P r i m a t e in t h e midst of t h e crowd of t h e Singapore B a r assembled in t h r i s t i n g for h i s blood, said: t h e Supreme Court to pay a t r i b u t e "You h a v e heard w h a t p r o t e s t a to t h e m e m o r y of Mr. W. B. O'Con- ! tion I have m a d e of innocency, a n d nor. Mr. J u s t i c e a' Becket T e r - I hope you will believe t h e w o r d s rel and Mr. J u s t i c e Gordon S m i t h of a dying m a n ; and t h a t you m a y were on t h e Bench. I be t h e m o r e induced to give m e Mr. McElwaine, t h e A t t o r n e y , credit. I -assure y^u t h a t a g r e a t General, a t t e n d e d with t h e Solici- | P e e r sent m e notice t h a t he would tor General, Mr. Adrian Clark, a | save m y life, if I would accuse Catholic. o t h e r s ; b u t I answered, t h a t I Mr. McElwaine addressed t h e i r never knew of a n y conspirators lordships on behalf of t h e B a r a n d in Ireland, b u t such, a s I have said expressed deep s y m p a t h y w i t h before, a s w e r e publicly known Mrs. O'Connor a n d family. H e outlaw's. • T o t a k e a w a y a n y m a n ' s requested t h a t t h e s e n t i m e n t s h e life dr* -goods wrongfully, ill b e expressed o n behalf of h i s col- cometh a n y . C h r i s t i a n , especially a leagues of t h e B a r be conveyed t o m a n of m y calling, being a clergythe distressed widow. m a n of t h e Catholic Church, a n d Mr. J u s t i c e Terrell replied t h a t also a n u n w o r t h y P r e l a t e . N e i t h e r he entirely a g r e e d with all t h a t will I d e n y t o h a v e exercised in had been u t t e r e d for h e sincerely Ireland t h e functions of a C a t h o lic P r e l a t e . . . a n d t o have e n regretted Mr. O'Connor's d e a t h . deavoured t o b r i n g t h e clergy t o a due c o m p o r t m e n t , according t o PENANG t h e i r calling, y e t some w h o would not a m e n d , h a d a prejudice f o r me, a n d especially m y accusers, t o ASSUMPTION CHURCH w h o m I did e n d e a v o u r t o do good. Baptism. On S a t u r d a y A u g u s t 1 7 t h 1935, I t is well-known t h a t t h e r e w a s a to Josephine D e n g a h , wife of M r . J u d a s a m o n g t h e twelve Apostles, Nicolaas D e n g a h , a son A l e x a n d e r a n d a wicked m a n called Nicholas Nicolaas D e n g a h . Baptised on a m o n g t h e Seven Deacons, a n d 25th A u g u s t , 1935. G o d - p a r e n t s , even a s o n e of t h e said Deacons, Theobald A d a l b e r t B a l h e t c h e t a n d t o w i t . Holy Stephen, did p r a y for t h o s e - w h o stoned h i m t o d e a t h , Elsie E l e a n o r Balhetchet. so do I, f o r those w h o w i t h p r e MALACCA E N T E R T A I N M E N T . judice spill m y innocent blood; Dr. A. C. D u t t a , C.H. a n d M r s . s a y i n g a s S t . S t e p h e n did, O Lord, D u t t a , w h o a r e Catholics, e n t e r - lay n o t t h i s sin t o t h e m ! I do tained a n u m b e r of friends t o din- h e a r t i l y forgive t h e m , and also t h e ner last T h u r s d a y n i g h t a t t h e i r J u d g e w h o , b y denying m e sufficie n t t i m e t o b r i n g m y records a n d Bukit P a l a residence, Malacca. A m o n g t h o s e present w e r e t h e witnesses from Ireland, did expose m y life t o evident danger. I do Resident Councillor, t h e Chief Meforgive all w h o did concur, directdical Officer, Malacca a n d D r . a n d ly o r indirectly, to t a k e a w a y m y Mrs. F . X. Oliveiro. Dr. D u t t a is life, a n d I a s k forgiveness of all the Chief Surgeon, Malacca a n d t h o s e w h o m I ever offended b y Muar. t h o u g h t , word o r deed." T r i b u t e b y Local M e m b e r s of t h e Bar.

MR.

S H E E H A N TO A S S U M E NEW APPOINTMENT. Mr. J . J . S h e e h a n , District officer a t Kuala Pilah, will s h o r t l y a s sume duties a s C h a i r m a n of t h e Kuala L u m p u r S a n i t a r y B o a r d for two m o n t h s . H e will t h e n a c t a s Secretary t o t h e Resident, Selangor. W h e r e v e r Mr. S h e e h a n h a s been posted h e h a s invariably won t h e esteem a n d respect of all classes. REV. FR. B E L E T S H E A L T H BETTER. Our spiritual Director, R e v . F a ther, E . M. Belet has been down with a n a t t a c k of malaria, b u t h a s now recovered a n d is convalesing.

T h e s e r e n i t y of his countenance, t h e courage, cheerfulness and piety of t h e Irish P r i m a t e a s h e went t o d e a t h a t T y b u r n , edified even b i goted s p e c t a t o r s . H e w a s suffered t o h a n g till h e expired, a n d w a s t h e n c u t down a n d his h e a r t a n d bowels were t h r o w n into t h e fire. His body w a s begged of t h e King, and w a s buried a t St. Giles in t h e fields. I t w a s t a k e n up four y e a r s a f t e r by t h e Benedictine F a t h e r Corker, w h o sent it t o L a m b s p r i n g in G e r m a n y . T h e head w a s given to Cardinal Howard, and in 1714, a s t u d e n t named H u g h McMahon obtained possession of it, w h o gave it t o t h e Dominican Convent, Drogheda, w h e r e t h e m a r t y r ' s g r a n d niece w a s t h e first Superior

Telephone No. 7843.

THE VICTORIA CONFECTIONERY & STORE 71, Victoria Street, SINGAPORE. Wedding Cakes a Speciality Assorted Cakes Maker, Tea Party Supplier. Hot and Cold Drinks, etc. Proprietor J O S E P H CHONG S I N T O N G


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HER MAJESTY THE LATE QUEEN OF BELGIUM WITH H E R TWO CHILDREN:— PRINCE B A U D 0 U I N , DUKE OF BRABANT, HEIR TO T H E THRONE A N D PRINCESS

CHARLOTTE.

(Photo take n in September, 1934.)

Published by Rev. Fr. Cardon and Printed by Lithographers Umited, 37/38, Wallich Street, Singapore. S.S.

SEPTEMBER 07, 1935, VOL 01, N0 36  

NAZIS LAUNCH NEW DRIVE. CAMPAIGN AGAINST REACTIONARY FORCES. STEEL HELMETS AND STUDENTS.

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