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rjpHE work of the Catholic papers

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h a s been most praiseworthy. They have been an effective auxiliary t o the pulpit in spreading the F a i t h . — POPE BENEDICT

HELP

The Malaya Catholic Leader. By By By By By By

XV.

OFFICIAL

ORGAN

OF

PUBLISHED 20 P a g e s .

No. 34.

CATHOLIC

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S I N G A P O R E , SATURDAY. 2 4 t h A U G U S T , 1935-

MEXICO MAY MODIFY LAWS AGAINST RELIGION ! DISPUTE OVER EDUCATION RIGHTS IS CHIEF OBSTACLE IN PRESENT SITUATION ( B y N.C.W.C. N e w s S e r v i c e ) . N e w York.—"A c h a n g e in t h e official a t t i t u d e in Mexico a p p e a r s possible u n d e r P r e s i d e n t C a r d e n a s , a n d i n d i c a t e s t h a t some of t h e religious legislation m a y b e modified," is s t a t e d in a report j u s t m a d e public by t h e F o r e i g n Policy Association. T h e report w a s w r i t t e n by E a r l e K. J a m e s , with t h e aid of t h e r e s e a r c h staff of t h e F o r e i g n Policy Association. ' I f t h e Government, a s it pro-, " T h e p r o b l e m , " t h e report confesses, is not m o t i v a t e d by a de-i tinues, "is one of reasonable acsire to e x t i r p a t e t h e C h u r c h , and commodation t o local factors, from t h e C h u r c h , as it a r g u e s , is not which t h e C h u r c h h a s drawn m u c h s e e k i n g r e t u r n of t h e exclusive of its s t r e n g t h in o t h e r countries. privileges it enjoyed u n d e r t h e old T h e C h u r c h m a y also find t h a t , order, it would seem r e a s o n a b l e / ' while it m u s t j u s t l y protest t h e r e p o r t s t a t e s , "to suppose t h a t a g a i n s t m a n y economic aspects of m a n y of t h e r e s t r i c t i o n s which a t t h e Mexican 'socialistic' philop r e s e n t incapacitate t h e C h u r c h in sophy, t h i s philosophy has a i m s t h e exercise of its religious duties w i t h which it m a y not be in serious could be modified or alleviated"; d i s a g r e e m e n t ; for, as Pope P i u s T h e s e r e s t r i c t i o n s e m b r a c e chiefly! w r o t e w i t h r e g a r d to some modern t h e c o r p o r a t e existence of t h e t r e n d s , t h e p r o g r a m m e s of socialists C h u r c h , i t s r i g h t to own properties 'often s t r i k i n g l y approach t h e j u s t essential t o i t s religious m i n i s t r a - d e m a n d s of C h r i s t i a n social refortions, t o maintain a n d t r a i n a m e r s . ! P e r m a n e n t r a p p r o c h e m e n t , p r i e s t h o o d a d e q u a t e to i t s needs, it seems, can t a k e place only w h e n to enjoy a free p r e s s , and o t h e r t h e G o v e r n m e n t is convinced t h a t f u n d a m e n t a l s commonly associat- Catholics, instead of being still ed w i t h freedom of conscience and associated w i t h reactionary elethought. m e n t s , a r e a s H i s Holiness advised in 1926, s p e n d i n g t h e i r e n e r g y 'in D i s p u t e on E d u c a t i o n . " B u t in m a t t e r s w h e r e t h e peri- t h e i n t e r e s t of religion and m o r a l s pheries of Church a n d S t a t e acti- a n d c u l t u r e , a s well a s in t h e betvities definitely overlap, a s in t h e t e r m e n t of economic and social education of citizens, it m u s t be c o n d i t i o n s / a d m i t t e d t h a t t h e r e is little hope; A m o n g considerations which t h e a t p r e s e n t of effecting a compro-' r e p o r t claims a r e shown by analym i s e c o n f o r m i n g to t h e basic te- s i s to be "of m a j o r importance," n e t s of t h e Church. Relaxation a r e listed in t h e following: of t h e severe r e s t r i c t i o n s on priT h a t t h e present Church-State v a t e schools, however, is certainly not u n r e a s o n a b l e o r impractic- s t r u g g l e " h a s been complicated by t h e fact t h a t it constitutes a h e r i able." 99

SOLE

S1ME

D A R B Y

AGENTS:

&

CO.

SINGAPORE & BRANCHES

LTD.

t a g e from colonial d a y s ; " t h a t t h e Church " w a s long identified with reactionary elements;" that "the exclusiveness of the Catholic Church in Mexico prevented t h e development of tolerance and lib e r t y which h a v e been beneficial both to t h e S t a t e and to Catholicism in o t h e r A m e r i c a n n a t i o n s ; " t h a t " t h e opposition of t h e Church to t h e 1917 Constitution, even t h o u g h its provisions had not been rigidly enforced, reaffirmed in t h e minds of m a n y Mexicans t h e a s sociation of t h e C h u r c h with r e a c t i o n a r y forces," and t h a t , " a s a result, anti-clericalism h a s gone to extremes."

Positions on Education. " T h e theoretical positions of t h e S t a t e and C h u r c h concerning education t h u s a p p e a r t o be irreconcilable on t h r e e chief p o i n t s , " t h e report s a y s , " F i r s t , t h e S t a t e is definitely m o v i n g toward education as a g o v e r n m e n t monopoly; and S t a t e monopoly of education h a s been considered by t h e C h u r c h (Continued

on page 6)


tlALAYA

CATHOLIC LEADER,

S A T U R D A Y , 24th A U G U S T , 1935R E S O L U T I O N ON S T E R I L I Z A TION P A S S E D BY C O U N T Y | COUNCIL.

A PRISONER OF THE REDS THE CAPTUREX^ND RESCUE OF FATHER HENRY BUSH, M.M.

JUDGE'S STRONG

U t C A i M

T H E

PROTEST.

London.—Despite a judge's s t r o n g p r o t e s t , backed by a r g u ment, Middlesex County Council W A T C H B Y R E V . F R . P . J O Y , S.J. h a s passed a resolution u r g i n g t h e ( F r o m T H E ROCK.) Government to legislate for t h e sterilization of mental defectives. First instalment. W h e n t h e m a t t e r c a m e u p for F a t h e r B u s h , w h o w a s c a p t u r e d | b a n d i t s s e t off into t h e m o u n t a i n s by b a n d i t s a t t h e end of A p r i l , a n d | t o a r r a n g e t e r m s for t h e t r a n s f e r discussion a letter was r e a d from It's n o t only w h o w a s r e s c u e d o n June 14th., is j of t h e i r p r i z e t o t h e Reds. N e x t t h e W e s t m i n s t e r Catholic F e d e r a a m a t t e r of t a s t e . . . a t p r e s e n t s t a y i n g a t t h e M a r y - ! d a y , a s F r . B u s h lay bound a n d tion p o i n t i n g out t h a t sterilization To be a perfect timepiece, a watch by artificial m e a n s was a n u n j u s t i knoll H o u s e , Stanley, H o n g K o n g . I shackled in a cave, he s a w a r e s has to be beautiful and accurate. S o m e d a y s a f t e r his a r r i v a l in pectably d r e s s e d m a n p a s s and fiable m u t i l a t i o n and t h a t t h e deNow, everyone can say whether a H o n g K o n g t h e p r e s e n t w r i t e r , r e - p a s s t h e f r o n t of t h e cave. H e mand w a s fostered by e x t e r m i s t s . watch is to one's liking or not, but J u d g e Cusack, a Catholic, sugc o m m i s s i o n e d b y t h e e d i t o r of t h o u g h t h e could a t t r a c t some it is difficult to estimate the gested t h a t t h e Council is not a a t t e n t i o n t o help in his release. T H E R O C K , descended upon h i m in quality. Only experts can judge s e a r c h of t h e s t o r y of h i s c a p t i v i t y . B u t t h e s t r a n g e r happened to be eugenics society. T h e m a t t e r , he the finish and precision of a said, affected t h e Council m e m b e r s t h e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of t h e Reds. I t would h a v e been c r u e l t y t o mechanism as delicate as that of only in so f a r as t h e y a r e t h e cusW h a t p r i c e would t h e y give for a s k h i m t o go over once m o r e t h e a watch. todians of mental defectives and figure s t o r y w h i c h he h a d a l r e a d y been a live m i s s i o n a r y ? The There remains for those who love not relieve t h e m from t h e e x t r e m e $200 or $300 was mentioned, b u t obliged t o tell i n n u m e r a b l e t i m e s accuracy a means of eliminating ly h e a v y b u r d e n of m a i n t a i n i n g in t h e f e w d a y s since h i s release. t h e local b a n d i t s w a n t e d a m o r e disappointment-choose a VULCAIN mental defectives. definite s t a t e m e n t and it w a s t h e So w e s a t on t h e v e r a n d a h of t h e watch, acknowledged the best by " O u r d u t y is local g o v e r n m e n t beautiful n e w Maryknoll R e s t b u s i n e s s of t h i s a g e n t t o find out alone, and t h e report of our comthousands of people all over the t h e prospective value of t h e H o u s e , looking out o v e r t h e b a y world. m i t t e e (which favoured sterilizaof S t a n l e y , and w e r e c o n t e n t t o c a p t u r e . With a VULCAIN you have the tion) is inconclusive and illogical," H e approached Fr. Bush. W h a t t a l k on all s u b j e c t s w i t h occasional satisfaction of knowing that you he said. " T h e suggestion is one ; What was he? j u d i c i o u s questions t o b r i n g t h e w a s his n a m e ? possess a timepiece of unequalled a g a i n s t t h e most helpless of our I From what conversation round t o those two O h ! a missionary. accuracy and refined beauty. c o m m u n i t y . These people could m o n t h s of captivity on t h e b o r d e r s c o u n t r y ? A m e r i c a ! Hopes w e r e j not give t h e i r consent, and w h o is r i s i n g . Did F r . Bush k n o w w h e r e of K u a n g t u n g a n d K i a n g s i . to give consent for t h e m ? " "HE MALAYA CATHOLIC LEADER. I t w a s t h e first t i m e I h a d m e t h e w a s ? W h a t w a s h e going t o J u d g e Cusack s t a t e d t h a t out of F r . B u s h , so I a m n o t i n a position do a b o u t i t ? N o t h i n g ! B u t w h a t 1,802 children of m e n t a l defectives j The Malaya Catholic Leader may be t o c o m p a r e his physical coiI3ition a b o u t h i s f a m i l y ? T h e Red a g e n t examined, 1,553 w e r e n o r m a l and purchased at the following shops:— SINGAPORE b e f o r e a n d a f t e r h i s c a p t i v i t y . became incredulous. Missionaries 21 above t h e average intelligence. F r . B u s h himself g a v e n o little a l w a y s h a v e wives a n d families. Surely t h e country could not afford A. R. Rodrigues & Co., 42, Bencoolen Street. h e l p for a " w r i t e - u p " of t h e h a r d - F r . B u s h t r i e d t o enlighten him, to lose t h e s e 1,553 n o r m a l children, j J Crystal Soda Fountain, Corner of Bras s h i p s h e h a d t o e n d u r e . H e w a s b u t only w h e n a local b a n d i t a s - he said. (N.C.W.C.) Basah Road & Waterloo Street. him that the Catholic i n s i s t e n t t h a t h e h a d been w i t h s u r e d m i s s i o n a r i e s h a d no wives a n d T h a t w a s in t h e early p a r t of his The Federal Rubber Stamp Co., 13, t h e R e d s so s h o r t a t i m e t h a t w h a t Collyer Quay. families did h e accept t h e situa- captivity. A s t h e soldiers became G. H. Kiat & Co., 15, Collyer Quay. he went through was ''nothing". tion. Well, h a d n ' t h e friends in m o r e active in search, t h e Reds | The Premier Trading Co., 93, Keppel A n e n q u i r y as t o a b a n d a g e above Road. America? Couldn't h e w r i t e t o moved frequently, a l m o s t nightly, j h i s a n k l e j u s t showing t h r o u g h h i s P r e s i d e n t Roosevelt for t h e m o n e y ? from place to place, a n d t h e ; >eter Chong & Co., 82, Bras Basah Road. w h i t e socks b r o u g h t t h e i n f o r m a M. Mohamed Ali, 439-A, Norh Bridge etc. etc. m a r c h e s were often long and Road. t i o n t h a t t h a t d a m a g e h a d been M. Mohamed Abubacker & Co., 154, In s p i t e of t h e discouraging w e a r y . c a u s e d b y t h e shackles t h a t w e r e Victoria Street. T h e l a r g e s t camp of Reds visited p u t on h i s feet each m o r n i n g a s n a t u r e of t h e replies, t h e Red Mohamed Dulfakir & Co., 34, North n u m b e r e d a force of ninety-one. a g e n t concluded his b a r g a i n . In t h e R e d s took t h e i r r e s t a f t e r a Bridge Road. n i g h t ' s m a r c h . This g a v e room for addition t o t h e rope w i t h which In addition t o F r . B u s h , his s t u d e n t J. M. Mohamed Bava, 263, Middle Rd. a n a s t u t e question a s t o t h e he w a s a l r e a d y bound, t h e c i n c t u r e friend a n d his servant, t h e r e were P. V. Abdul Rahuman & Co., 239, Selegie Road. m a n n e r in which h i s a r m s w e r e from his M a s s v e s t m e n t s w a s now always o t h e r captives also in t h e | T. K. Mohamed Maideen, 228, Middle Rd. camp. His s e r v a n t did n o t r e m a i n used as a second binding and, as bound. E. Hadji Abdullasah, 198, Middle Road. " I t w a s r a t h e r i n g e n i o u s , " said n i g h t fell, h e w a s m a r c h e d f o r w a r d with i h e m long. Unhappily, h e Second-hand Book Shop, 66, Bras Basah T h e recognised one of t h e b a n d i t s and Road. F r . B u s h , as t h o u g h d i s c u s s i n g t h e for t r a n s f e r to t h e Reds. Railway Station Bookstall. was i m p r u d e n t enough to say so. double r o p e seemed t o h a v e little m o s t academic of s u b j e c t s , " t h e Serangoon Store, Serangoon. r o p e p a s s e d over t h e a r m s h e r e . m e a n i n g if it did not serve a s a One d a y h e was s e n t from t h e j KUALA LUMPUR T h e n i t w a s looped r o u n d t h e neck. symbol t h a t from t h e conclusion of c a m p on a m e s s a g e a n d h a s never I t w a s n o t too uncomfortable. B u t t h e b a r g a i n h e began to be t h e pro- been h e a r d of since. One of t h e | Post Office. o n e pull of t h e rope b y t h e loose p e r t y of t h e Reds w i t h o u t ceasing, dogs fled home. T h e o t h e r follow- Dulfakir & Co., Market Street. Federal Rubber Stamp Co., Old Market end a t t h e back r e n d e r e d one a t till t h e price was paid, t o be still ed h i s m a s t e r y b u t t h e Reds did Square. in some w a y t h e p r o p e r t y of t h e ! not t r u s t t h e dog, s o t h e y shot o n c e completely helpless." Railway Station Bookstall. s m a l l e r dealers. him a n d offered h i m t o F r . Bush "Could you move a t all while as h e could, k e e p i n g a careful eye E a r l y m o r n i n g b r o u g h t t h e m to for a meal. bound in this w a y ? " was our next A Bid for F r e e d o m . on t h e g u a r d , whose g u n , (nodding t h e Red c a m p and t h e local b a n d i t s question. (They S o m e t e n days before t h e i r with t h e n o d d i n g g u a r d ! ) m o r e or "Well, y e s , " w a s t h e reply, a s r e t i r e d w i t h t h e i r money. F r . B u s h stood up t o give a de- m a d e a b e t t e r b a r g a i n t h a n t h e y final delivery, F r B u s h and his less covered h i m . T h e r e is a limit monstration, "you could walk knew, f o r F r . B u s h w a s t o cost s t u d e n t friend found themselves to t h e a m o u n t of loafing a man f a i r l y easily in t h i s w a y , " a n d h e t h e R e d s m o r e t h a n t h e y suspect- one m o r n i n g m a k i n g plans for an can d o a r o u n d a pool of w a t e r , and W i t h m o r n i n g c a m e b r e a k - escape. T h e y h a d m a r c h e d all Fr. B u s h s a w t h a t t h e downhill b e g a n t o move f o r w a r d , each foot ed.) fast. Mention of b r e a k f a s t led n i g h t , and, when b r e a k f a s t w a s r u s h could n o t succeed. H o w if b e i n g a b o u t a n inch in f r o n t of t h e F r . B u s h t o speak of t h e e x t r a - finished, t h e Reds, t h r e w t h e m - he t r i e d loafiing a little u p s t r e a m ? o t h e r a t each step. o r d i n a r y precautions which t h e selves down in a n y place and were He would b e behind t h e g u a r d ' s " B u t t h e h a r d e s t t h i n g w a s to R e d s took t o avoid t h e a t t e n t i o n quickly asleep, leaving one g u a r d back a n d t h e c h a n c e s w e r e t h a t s l e e p / ' h e added, a n d explained of t h e soldiers. All m a r c h i n g to w a t c h t h e prisoners. F o r once he w a s too sleepy t o a l t e r his t h a t t h e shackles ( i r o n ) w e r e altook place a t n i g h t . I t w a s always t h e y overlooked p u t t i n g on t h e i r position. F r . B u s h walked back w a y s o n his feet a n d t h e ropes t h r o u g h t e r r i t o r y r e m o t e from a n y p r i s o n e r s ' shackles. T h e solitary t o w a r d s t h e g u a r d and a s h e was r o u n d h i s a r m s a n d legs d u r i n g h a b i t a t i o n s , and t h e Reds often t h e h o u r s of rest, w h i c h w e r e seemed t o be t a k i n g v e r y circuitous g u a r d w a s as w e a r y as t h e r e s t . about t o p a s s u p s t r e a m , t h e sleepy a l w a y s in t h e d a y - t i m e , f o r all r o u t e s t o avoid being seen. Some- H e s a t on t h e hillside, facing down- g u a r d shook himself t o g e t h e r and hill. A s t r e a m r u n n i n g beside him asked w h e r e h e w a s g o i n g now? m a r c h i n g w a s done a t n i g h t . t i m e s o r d e r s w e r e issued for all t o helped To p r o m o t e h i s slumbers. An e x p l a n a t i o n w a s given and W h a t P r i c e for a M i s s i o n a r y ? r e m o v e t h e i r shoes lest t h e foot- So holding his g u n in an uncertain accepted w i t h a r e m i n d e r not to F r . B u s h , with a s t u d e n t com- p r i n t s of so m a n y m a r c h i n g m e n fashion, h e nodded, shook himself delay. F r . B u s h b e g a n fo take panion, his s e r v a n t , a n d h i s t w o would provide a clue for p u r s u i n g his m o r n i n g w a s h , b u t always and looked about, nodded again d o g s w e r e on t h e w a y t o h i s soldiers. it w a s too good a c h a n c e to miss. w i t h a n eye on t h e n o d d i n g guard, m i s s i o n station a t S h a k s h i n (vicaF r . B u s h and t h e s t u d e n t com- whose back w a s now t o w a r d s him A r r i v e d a t t h e i r r e s t i n g place r i a t e of Kaying, u n d e r t h e c a r e After j pleted t h e i r plans. Then t h e F r . and w h o s e nods continued. before d a w n — a n d , as f a r as possiof M g r . F o r d of t h e Maryknoll a long p a u s e t h e n o d d i n g one j walked out past t h e nodding g u a r d ble, t h e r e s t i n g places w e r e caves F r s . ) w h e n h e fell i n t o t h e h a n d s in t h e m o u n t a i n s — s o m e of t h e and w h e n challenged m a d e some looked sleepily over h i s shoulder, of t h e b a n d i t s . saw F r . B u s h , and proceeded with H i s c a p t o r s were n o t Reds, b u t Reds would go t o p u r c h a s e food. excuse for going t o a pool of w a t e r his nods. " I t will b e some time local b a n d i t s . T h e y were, so t o This w a s cooked, a n d no o t h e r below. Obviously, if escape were till t h e n e x t look", t h o u g h t Fr. possible, it had t o be a rush for cooking w a s done d u r i n g t h e day s p e a k , t h e retail dealers, and acted a s a g e n t s for t h e R e d s w h o did t i m e lest smoke should a t t r a c t t h e t h e plains—uphill would lead no- : Bush, "so now for i t " where. and in a m o m e n t h e w a s away b u s i n e s s on a wholesale scale, notice of p a s s i n g t r o o p s . A r r i v e d a t t h e little pool. F r . uphill as quickly as h e could. H a v i n g secured t h e i r c a p t i v e s in a ! T h e longest period t h a t w a s (To be continued) s a f e h i d i n g place, one of tliese ! spent in one place w a s a week. B u s h proceeded t o a p p e a r as busy 1

1

;


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , SATURDAY, 2 4 t h AUGUST, 1935-

On X^ings from Albion (FROM

OUR

SPECIAL

SUMMER SCHOOLS.

BATOU

CORRESPONDENT)

ONLY

A TRAGEDY OF THE SEA.

F r o m t h e above note it will be It m i g h t be t h o u g h t t h a t A u g u s t , j seen t h a t t h e K e n t i s h coast—for t h e holiday m o n t h , would be a b o u t R a m s g a t e is a seaside r e s o r t in t h e last of all t i m e s in which t o I t h a t c o u n t y — h a s produced an look for a n d t o find "school" acti- occasion of pleasurable Catholic | vities. B u t a s a m a t t e r of fact i n t e r e s t d u r i n g t h e s e p a s t few t h e r e is no period of t h e year w h e n d a y s . B u t it h a s also given t o t h e Catholics, in G r e a t Britain, a r e n e w s columns t i d i n g s of a lamenbusier in regard to special table t r a g e d y . A t a n o t h e r of educational g a t h e r i n g s — " S u m m e r K e n t ' s coast t o w n s , H e m e Bay, ' Schools, a s t h e y a r e called. T h e r e t h e Passionist F a t h e r s h a v e a are m a n y such schools; t h r e e of house. A m o n g t h e community I t h e m h a v e j u s t been held and will w a s F a t h e r A i d a n B y r n e , C P . , here be noticed: t h e S u m m e r w h o w a s appointed t o H e r n e Bay School of t h e Catholic Social Guild, a b o u t t h r e e y e a r s ago. While | held a t O x f o r d ; t h e Cambridge i b a t h i n g in t h e sea on A u g u s t 6 h e S u m m e r School of Catholic S t u d i e s ; ! g o t into difficulties and was drownand t h e S u m m e r School, at R a m s - ed. F a t h e r Aidan was an Irishman, g a t e , of t h e Association of Convent | a f o r m e r s t u d e n t of Clonliffe Schools. Between t h e m t h e s e College, Dublin, and had served in assemblies h a v e cast t h e i r deli- a n u m b e r of P a s s i o n i s t houses in berations over a wise field of G r e a t Britain. H e r e in London he was well r e m e m b e r e d by t e n y e a r s ' usefulness and will have h a d work a t St. J o s e p h ' s Retreat, considerable c u l t u r a l influence. T h e S u m m e r School a t Oxford H i g h g a t e . * * * * dealt w i t h v a r i o u s aspects of Catholic Social Action. The a t t e n - I EDINBURGH—ANOTHER OUTRAGE. | dance w a s m a d e up of keen, proved, I T h e violent anti-Catholic spirit j w o r k e r s , men a n d women social in E d i n b u r g h is still in eruption. s t u d e n t s whose collective know- A well-known p a r i s h i n t h e c e n t r e ledge counts for a good deal. A f t e r of t h e city, St. P a t r i c k ' s , was twenty-five y e a r s of life, t h e C a t h o - j t h r e a t e n e d , some d a y s ago, by a

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IFE >#L)0 ADVERTISES REALISES lie Social Guild h a s m a n y valuable I works t o its credit, of which t h e j most i m p o r t a n t is t h e Catholic j W o r k e r s ' College. T h a t institution, established in Oxford, gives a ; course of s t u d y to Catholic w o r k i n g j men, a n u m b e r of whom h a v e 1 secured t h e U n i v e r s i t y diploma j or have o t h e r w i s e distinguished I themselves. Unfortunately the j Guild lacks a m e m b e r s h i p l a r g e enough t o enable i t to carry out its work as fully a s t h e need demands. A roll of t e n t h o u s a n d members is desired, a n d it is hoped they m a y be a t t a i n e d . The C a m b r i d g e S u m m e r School is in a s o m e w h a t different c a t e gory. E a c h y e a r some special subject is t a k e n , t o which learned lecturers devote p a p e r s . This y e a r t h e subject w a s "Church and S t a t e " ; it a t t r a c t e d a company of about 150 persons, a n d led to some j admirable lectures, both by p r i e s t s j and by l a y m e n B o t h a t Oxford a n d i at Cambridge. T h e gloriously fine weather which E n g l a n d has lately experienced g a v e a n especially enjoyable air to the outdoor functions. The S u m m e r School for t h e 1 Association of Convent Schools j was a t t e n d e d by upwards of a j hundred n u n s , m e m b e r s of v a r i o u s 1 teaching c o n g r e g a t i o n s . About j twenty orders w e r e represented, j The l e c t u r e r s h a v e included t w o j distinguished e d u c a t i o n i s t s : Dom ! Michael Young, O.S.B., of Douai j Abbey School a t W o o l h a m p t o n ; a n d j Monsignor F r a n c i s Gonne, M.A., j Rector of S t . B e d e ' s . College a t Manchester. M o n s i g n o r Gonne is a past p r e s i d e n t of t h e Conference of Catholic Colleges. These lecturers dealt w i t h t h e Kingship a n d * i g n of C h r i s t . K

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SINGAPORE m o b of P r o t e s t a n t f a n a t i c s , whose i n t e n t i o n w a s to a t t a c k t h e church. M e m b e r s of t h e Catholic Vigilance Association g a t h e r e d to protect t h e building, a n d police dispersed the demonstrators, who afterw a r d s held a m e e t i n g . A little later, one of t h e p r i e s t s of St. P a t r i c k ' s , s u m m o n e d t o a sick call, w a s t a k i n g his c a r from a g a r a g e w h e n a n u m b e r of a mob m a d e a r u s h for h i m ; one m a n , it is stated, made,, as if to a s s a u l t t h e priest C A T H O L I C E D U C A T I O N S U B J E C T O F w i t h a knuckle-duster, b u t was knocked down b y one of t h e CathoP A S T O R A L F R O M G E R M A N H I E R A R C H Y . lic escort. The P r e s i d e n t of t h e Catholic Vigilance Association was Berlin.—"God Himself h a s im- • tholic conscience, t h e Bishops point set upon and injured a n d h a d to posed upon p a r e n t s responsibility ; o u t ; therefore, "so long a s religious Catholic h a v e a t t e n t i o n a t a hospital. j for t h e i r children and no power on differences exist, t h e Edinburgh, as t h i s incident I e a r t h h a s t h e r i g h t t o hinder t h e school is indispensable a n d t h e shows, continues to s h a r e with C h u r c h , t h e family, or educators only protection for l i b e r t y of conBelfast an unenviable reputation in t h e fulfillment of t h e duties science, which every civilized nafor religious intolerance and w h i c h derive from such responsi- tion should consider i t s h i g h e s t violence. Catholics in G r e a t Britain | bility." Such is t h e substance of d u t y and g r e a t e s t d i g n i t y T h e Bishops d e n y t h a t the a r r doing w h a t t h e y can to relieve I a j o i n t pastoral issued by t h e Gerschool is an in t h e necessities of t h e i r suffering m a n H i e r a r c h y in prescribing a confessional to discord. They co-religionists in N o r t h e r n Ireland. "Catholic Education W e e k " in all incentive condemn with equal frankness A l r e a d y t h e fund opened b y t h e t h e dioceses of Germany. those who pretend that Universe a m o u n t s t o nealy six A Christian family, t h e pastoral C h r i s t i a n education menaces t h e h u n d r e d pounds. A particularly s t a t e s , is a cellule of life in t h e national t r a d i t i o n s of t h e G e r m a n pleasing contribution t o t h e fund Kingdom of God and a source of people. They defend Catholic c a m e from a Nonconformist (Congh a p p i n e s s for both p a r e n t s and y o u t h associations, a n d e x p r e s s regational) chapel in Lancashire, sent by t h e m i n i s t e r on behalf of children. But when children leave concern over t h e L a n d j a h r , t h e t h e s a n c t u a r y of t h e family, who plan of a g r i c u l t u r a l t r a i n i n g b y his congregation. will c a r r y on t h e w o r k t h a t w a s which m o r e t h a n 30,000 boys, 13 * * * * * b e g u n t h e r e ? "Will t h e school and 14 y e a r s old, a r e c o n c e n t r a t e d WHIT MONDAY IN DURHAM. develop t h e religious spirit engend- in t r a i n i n g camps, one object of Bank Holiday leisure went with ered in t h e h o m e ? Will it be a religious e n t h u s i a s m a t Durham living cell of t h e Kingdom of God ? which is " t o b r i d g e o v e r t h e conon W h i t Monday. In W h a r t o n . . . . T h a t is why p a r e n t s h a v e t h e fessional a n t i p a t h y . " Catholic Action, t h e p a s t o r a l P a r k t w e n t y t h o u s a n d Catholics r i g h t and t h e duty t o demand t h a t g a t h e r e d for t h e H e x h a m and New- t h e spirit of t h e school respond to concludes, should s e r v e a s an imcastle diocesan rally. A feature of t h e spirit of t h e C h r i s t i a n family, p o r t a n t i n s t r u m e n t in t h e defence the p r o g r a m m e was a long and t h a t is t h e spirit of t h e Catholic of t h e C h r i s t i a n school a n d Christian education. Bishops, clergy imposing procession t h r o u g h t h e F a i t h . " a n d people a r e urged t o unite in famous city, a f t e r which addresses *A few hours of religious instruc- t h i s common labour and, if need be, were delivered in t h e a m p h i t h e a t r e of t h e park. E a r l i e r in t h e day tion interspersed in t h e curriculum common s t r u g g l e for t h e C h r i s t i a n t h e r e had been an open-air cele- of a n e u t e r school c a n n o t give full education of y o u t h . a n d entire satisfaction t o t h e Cabration of High Mass. (Lumen-NCWC.)

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N O T SO D U M B . T h e school inspector finally m e t one c o u n t r y boy w h o w o u l d n ' t b e fooled. " C o u n t r y children," said t h e school inspector, whose liver w a s I out of order, " a r e n i t - w i t s , boneh e a d s , a n d dullards. T h e y a r e like cows. T h e y look a t you like cows. T h e y h a v e n o t h i n g to s a y because t h e y don't even t h i n k . T h e y c a n n ' t t h i n k because t h e i r h e a d s a r e solid wood." " Oh, come," said t h e h e a d m i s t r e s s . " Be r e a s o n a b l e ; t h e y a r e s h a r p enough but t h e y a r e shy." " O h , are they? Well, now w a t c h . Give m e a n u m b e r , children." " E i g h t y - t h r e e , " said a boy. T h e inspector w r o t e 38 on t h e b l a c k b o a r d — t h e r e was no comm e n t . "Give m e a n o t h e r , " said t h e inspector. One h u n d r e d and s e v e n t y - s i x , " s a i d a n o t h e r pupil. He wrote down 6 7 1 . N o c o m m e n t . B e a m i n g with triumph at the headmistress t h e inspector called for still a n o t h e r number. " Fo-er ' u n d e r d and fo-erty-foj e r , " said a boy, " a n d m u c k t h a t , u p if you can." ( F r o m " T h e S o u t h e r n C r o s s " of Cape Town.)

m y mind from w a n t i n g H i m . I do n o t wish t o f o r g e t . I could not." H i s p a r e n t s looked a t one another. " I ' m s u r e , " complained t h e mo"Every child t h e r , " I don't k n o w w h e r e h e got " T h e r e y o u a r e , J e a n , see w h a t t h i s religious n a t u r e . N o one in needs milk you h a v e g o t u s in f o r — s e n d i n g h i m t o t h e S i s t e r ' s school. I've m y family w a s religious." every day." ' ' N o one in mine, e i t h e r , " t h e n o f a u l t t o find w i t h t h e S i s t e r s — f a t h e r said h a s t i l y . " W e w e r e all t h e y a r e splendid w o m e n ; a n d t h e t e a c h i n g is first-class I know. B u t s e n t t o S u n d a y School until we h e s h o u l d h a v e been s e n t t o t h e w e r e big e n o u g h to dodge going. S t a t e school s t r a i g h t a w a y . I told I t ' s t h e S i s t e r s ' school h a s awakyou a t t h e t i m e t h a t s o m e religious ened t h e s e ideas, I suppose." "You will l e a v e m e w i t h t h e Siscomplication m i g h t a r i s e . And t e r s , " Guy pleaded. here it is." " I do not t h i n k G u y will re" O h do," t h e m o t h e r added h e r cover," F a t h e r O'Neill said to the " B u t t h e S i s t e r s a r e so s w e e t . p l e a d i n g t o h i s . " H e loves being Sisters. I wanted him to be with them. "Oh, f a t h e r ! " S i s t e r Rosalie A n y h o w t h i s is only a child's t h e r e . " " I promise not t o w o r r y you said sadly, " o u r little Guy. He is fancy. this matter," not very ill." " O h no, i t is n o t , m o t h e r , " said again-about-about G u y said like a n old m a n m aking a Guy w i t h all t h e d i g n t y a n d a u t h o " P e r h a p s n o t ; b u t h e had set his bargain. r i t y of a B i s h o p . mind, h i s h e a r t , his soul on receiv"Oh, very well," h i s f a t h e r ag" T h e children dress up you ing Our Lord in Holy Communion. know," the mother continued. reed. All along he h a d been hoping t h a t Guy continued t o go t o t h e Sis" T h e little g i r l s w e a r veils a n d t h e h e would be allowed in t h e class; TO-MORROW. b o y s h a v e r e d s a s h e s a n d m e d a l s . t e r s ' school; h e continued to h e a r h e l e a r n t t h e C a t e c h i s m , he listenI t h a s c a p t u r e d G u y ' s a r t i s t i c all t h e p r a y e r s a n d i n s t r u c t i o n s of ed to t h e i n s t r u c t i o n s . He was To-morrow? he promised his con-* t h e F i r s t Communion class. His little s o u l . " doing his p a r t . H e looked to God • science, "to-morrow I mean / o * t o work a miracle for h i m . . . . t h e "professors," Jimmy and " T h e dress has nothing what- two be good; • ever t o do w i t h it, m o t h e r , " G u y T o m m y , continued t o give h i m lec- -4 miracle did not t a k e place. He is %To-morrow VII think as I ought to,t said a s p a t i e n t l y a s a P o p e t u r e s in theology. H e h e a r d t h e perfectly resigned in his own -little stories of T a r c i s i u s a n d of Blessed J to-morrow V11 do as I should; J saintly way, b u t h e cannot b e a r a d d r e s s i n g a n i g n o r a n t world. *To-morrow Til conquer the habits* Couldn't w e l e t h i m g o w i t h Imelda. H e h e a r d s t o r i e s of t h e it. He will n o t live long—the pious little F r e n c h boy w h o b o r e • that hold me from heaven away."^ miracle will come t h a t w a y . . . . t h e o t h e r s — j u s t t o please h i m ? " fBut ever his conscience repeated onci M y d e a r J e a n , t h a t w o u l d n o t h i s own n a m e — G u y . U n l e s s . . . . I h a v e been t h i n k i n g of H e said n o m o r e t o F a t h e r \ word, and one only, " To-da\."X be h o n o u r a b l e . If w e allowed h i m explaining t h e case t o t h e parents. ^To-morrow, to-morrow^ to-morrow.^, Tht child h a s evidently been silent t o b e b a p t i s e d in t h e Catholic O'Neill or t o S i s t e r R o s a l i e ; he • thus day after day it went on;* about his d e s i r e ; t h e y do not know C h u r c h , w e would be, in h o n o u r said no .more t o h i s p a r e n t s ; b u t ^To-morrow, to-morrow, to-morrow~^ his mind is troubled. Should they bound, t o b r i n g h i m u p a Catholic. h e said "a l o t " t o O u r L a d y a n d to I //// youth, like a vision, was gone;Z H o w could w e do t h a t — e * e n if w e L i t t l e T h e r e s e . consent t o his b e i n g received into VTill age and his passions had written% t h e Church, I h a v e no doubt t h a t One day, S i s t e r s e n t Guy home wanted t o ? " T the message of fate on his brow.^ a f t e r Holy C o m m u n i o n , little Guy " O h j u s t t o p l e a s e h i m — j u s t t o early. He h a d flushed cheeks and \And forth from the shadows came* : will improve, t h a t h e will recover. sleepy eyes a n d complained of a be w i t h t h e o t h e r s t h i s t i m e . H e ' d t Death, with the pitiless syllable,X I T h e r e is t h e difficulty of his being soon f o r g e t all a b o u t it, t h e m o t h e r sore t h r o a t . H i s m o t h e r w a s not % Now." X u r g e d , n o t k n o w i n g t h e M y s t e r y of alarmed, for children so often seem b r o u g h t up in t h e f a t h e r afterw h i c h s h e s p o k e so l i g h t l y , b u t feverish a n d complain of a sore w a r d s . T h e f a t h e r seems a very d e s i r i n g , only, t h a t h e r child t h r o a t . E v e n w h e n t h e doctor was e a r n e s t m a n , v e r y a n x i o u s to do all s h o u l d b e h a p p y , a s h a p p y a s t h e w a t c h i n g f o r d i p h t h e r i a , s h e was he can for t h e w e l f a r e of his child; HOW HE TOLD HIM. o t h e r children of t h e class. H e r not a l a r m e d . In p a s t d a y s , t h e T w o I r i s h m e n s e r v i n g in a n I am s u r e h e would keep his proG u y m u s t n o t be deprived of a n y - d r e a d word, d i p h t h e r i a , spelt death E n g l i s h r e g i m e n t w e r e good c h u m s mise. T h e m o t h e r will agree to for so m a n y little o n e s ; b u t now, until Rooney w a s r a i s e d t o t h e j a n y t h i n g t h a t will please Guy. t h i n g he wanted. " W h e n you a r e older, G u y , " h i s medical science can p u t d i p h t h e r i a r a n k of s e r g e a n t . F o r t h w i t h his | W s will have to k e e p t h e parents f a t h e r said, "if y o u still w i s h t o t o flight. G u y ' s r e p o r t w a s all c h e s t expanded, a n d from t h a t : to t h e i r p r o m i s e if t h e y consent. a s f a r a s I a m concerned. You a r e clear—no d i p h t h e r i a . B u t still he t i m e on h e looked down on Mc- I'll see t h e m t o - d a y I'll go n o t old e n o u g h t o know y o u r own did not g e t well. now." Grane. S i s t e r Rosalie a n d S i s t e r P a t r i c k m i n d , now, l i t t l e son. I could not One m o r n i n g G u y ' s room was a O n e day McGrane approached p r o m i s e t o see t h a t you lived a ' c a m e t o s e e h i m ; F a t h e r O'Neill bower of flowers; t h e Sisters had Rooney and s a i d : C a t h o l i c life, b e c a u s e I k n o w n o - j came, too. "Mike—I m e a n S e r g e a n t — s ' p o s e p r e p a r e d it, a n d p r e p a r e d t h e little "You m u s t h u r r y and get well, t h i n g a b o u t i t ; n e i t h e r does y o u r Guy was a p r i v a t e stepped u p t o a s e r g e a n t table by t h e bed-side. mother. Can y o u follow w h a t I G u y , " S i s t e r Rosalie said. " W e leaning up on h i s pillows: a red a n d called h i m a conceited m o n k e y , ! w a n t you t o come t o see t h e childa m saying to y o u ? " silk s a s h crossed h i s white silk phwat wud h a p p e n ? " " O h y e s , f a t h e r , perfectly," said i en on t h e i r F i r s t Communion* Day. " ' H e ' d be p u t in t h e g u a r d - sleeping s u i t ; a s h i n i n g medal was j T h e children told m e t o tell you t h e wise child, sorrowfully. on his b r e a s t . H e w a s a child of house." " Y o u k n o w I h a v e a l w a y s given j t h e y w a n t you t o b e t h e r e . " his Holy M o t h e r t h e Church and "He wud?" " I shall w a t c h t h e m from Heayou everything—in reason—that she w a s b r i n g i n g h i m t h e Greatest "Well, now, s'pose t h e p r i v a t e v e n , " smiled Guy. y o u a s k e d for." only t h o u g h t t h e s e r g e a n t w a s a T r e a s u r e . . . . A c a r d r e w up a1j the "Yes, father." "Darling! Dont't say t h a t ! " g a t e ; steps sounded on t h e garden is m cried, " Y o u a r e not conceited monkey, a n d d i d n ' t s a y a p a t h . " P e r h a p s , son, you h a d b e t t e r go I hhis m oo tt hh ee rr cried. w u r d about it. W u d h e be p u t in t o t h e S t a t e , school n o w ; you will v e r y sick. Doctor s a y s you a r e " H e is c o m i n g , " sighed Guy. the guardhouse?' n o t be so u n h a p p y t h e n , if you do n o t . " " I t w a s too long t o w a i t until I am " A v coorse n o t " n o t see t h e o t h e r children h a v i n g " I am n o t v e r y sick," Guy a g "Well, t h i n , we'll lave it go a t grown-up. I t w a s too long for t h e i r religious l e s s o n s — " reed. Him t o wait, t o o long for m e . . . . " that." " O h , do n o t send m e a w a y from He m a d e such slow p r o g r e s s t h e S i s t e r s ' school," pleaded Guy. t o w a r d s r e c o v e r y t h a t t h e doctor How Dad Took It. A Familiar Story. " G u y , when we a r e forbidden called in a n o t h e r , a n d t h e y conB r o w n : M y small son is doing T h e t r a m p approached t h e i n t e n t s o m e t h i n g we w a n t v e r y m u c h , it sulted t o g e t h e r a b o u t little Guy. a n g l e r and s t a r t e d "telling t h e wonderfully well a t school. i.s b e t t e r t o k e e p r i g h t a w a y from But for all t h e i r l e a r n i n g , for all t a l e . " J o n e s : Is h e i n d e e d ? H e must i t ; to make up our minds to think their earnestness they knew very " I a i n ' t 'ad a b i t e all day, sir,' I be working hard. n o m o r e of i t — s i n c e we m a y n o t little about h i m . T h e y changed B r o w n : Yes. Do you know t h a t h a v e it. I s n ' t i t ? " said Mr. G r a n t . t h e medicine a n d w r o t e out a dif- ' h e moaned. T h e fisherman did n o t r a i s e his ; t h e s c h o o l m a s t e r ' s report says he "Yes—when we want earthly ferent diet for h i m a n d hoped f o r h e a d . " I c a n ' t help t h a t , m y m a n . is t h e m o s t t r y i n g boy he h a s ever t h i n g s , " h i s l i t t l e son replied. t h e best. I expect you've been u s i n g t h e known, and t h a t i t ' s impossible to " B u t in H o l y C o m m u n i o n we r e wrong bait." Continued on col. 4 teach h i m a n y t h i n g ? c e i v e God, Himself. I c a n n o t keep I

" M a y I ? " Guy asked. T h e m o t h e r spoke, " B u t , d a r l ing, y o u w e r e b a p t i s e d w h e n y o u w e r e a b a b y . . . N a n a took y o u t o Church/' " B u t n o t t o t h e real C h u r c h . "

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MALAYA

CATHOLIC

LEADER,

SATURDAY,

Press Gleanings 1>V

PRIVY COUNCIL OVERRULED. Mr. Justice Forest, according to a report we publish in our news columns, has set aside a Privy Council ruling on mixed marriages before a Protestant minister, by which, since 1921, such marriages have been held to be valid in civil law, though invalid in the eyes of -God and the Church. The Canadian Judge appealed to the Treaty of Paris, the Quebec Act of 1774, and the British North American Act, but to the non-legal mind it would appear to be a doubtful recourse. Much depends on the actual terms of these documents, and on whether the British government is bound by them to make it illegal for Canadian Catholics to violate their consciences by contracting, or attempting to contract, a marriage which is invalid in the eyes of God and ;he Church. To permit Catholics to do something of their own free will against their consciences is not the same thing as forcing them to do such an act, and it is possible that lawyers would argue that only the latter is barred by the documents to which the Judge appealed.

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WE SYMPATHISE WITH THE JUDGE Needless to say, all our sympathies are with Judge Forest, and we hope that his ruling will prevail, for it is always a grave scandal when the law of the j land is opposed to the law of God and the Church, and the scandal is greater in all that concerns marriage, where the State has no standing as a legislator | except as regards the civil effects. The Privy Council's ruling has, moreover, had harmful results, and has influenced many young Catholic men an j women, especially those temporarily removed from parental control, in attempting a marriage which is not valid in conscience. Their consciences are perverted by the Privy Council's ruling, and in a moral, if not in a legal sense, perversion is the worst form of violation of conscience, j Good morality is not always good law. unfortunately, but we sincerely hope ; that, at least as regards Quebec and the j Catholic parts of Canada, Judge Forest's \ ruling will be upheld and embodied, if necessary, in the legislation.

2 4 t h AUGUST, 1935-

ROiMANIST" OBSERWHY THE PURITANS VANCE OF CHRISTMAS. HATED CHRISTMAS.

Air Mail

Germany, but by now their eyes are as open as ours. * * =s * MORE TROOPS FOR AFRICA. In spite of the Geneva arrangements for further pow-wows about Wal-Wal, Mussolini continues to mobilise troops for Abyssinia, on the grounds that Abyssinia is also hastening her mobilisation plans. Unless the League and Great Britain can induce the Negus to surrender to Italy—a very unlikely thing—we are almost certain to have war in the early autumn. The surprising thing is that we are so little supported in our efforts to drag the League into the trouble. Litvinof is probably the only real supporter we have, and that, not from any devotion to the ideals of peace, but because it is th«- Soviets's game to oppose a Fascist country. Yet, if the League is to be a reality, we are right in our insistence on invoking it. The mistake lay in the acceptance of Abyssinia as a member on the same terms as European nations, and in spite of her unfulfilled pledge to abolish slavery. We are in trouble now either way, but we shall pull through. (CATHOLIC TIMES, loth August)

The judgment of the Northern PresThe sentimental observance of Christbytery of the Free Presbyterian Church, on Provost John Murray, of Dornoch, , mas (Santa Claus, Christmas puddings, mincemeats, etc.), was really revived in contains a phrase which is a throwback this nation by Charles Dickens. The to the Covenanters and Puritans. sentiment is perhaps overdone, but better that than the blasphemy of ignoring "We would warn the young," say the j Christ's birthday. Presbytery, "against giving countenance to such a Romanist practice as that Many people have been surprised at of observing Christmas." the Puritans' hatred of Christmas, but they should recall that the Reformers They will get little sympathy for that made religion consist of gratitude to warning. Christmas has become far too Christ hanging on the Cross, not out popular a feast, and too great a source of love for men, but to appease an of revenue to the traders, to be enangry and avenging God by His sufferdangered by these curious survivals ings. called Free Presbyterians. They had no intelligible explanation Their historical sense is accurate. of the Cross except one full of a sense Apart from the offensiveness of the of woe and doom. They did not see word "Romanist," we have no complaints the Cross honoured and loved in the of being saddled with responsibility for Mass, for they hated the Mass. They the observance of Christmas as a great • did not see the Sacred Humanity resurrected and made the life of our souls in religious feast. the Holy Eucharist, for they would have no reality in that great sacrament, The Reformers made Christianity a I except as a commemorative meal of religion of Atonement and no more, j bread and wine. whilst for us it has always been the i The joy of Christ comes from the Inreligion of the Incarnation. We can never forget, as they did, the joy which carnation as a pledge of love, but what is ours through God becoming man. We joy is there in the birth of One who leave them the gloom of the Convenant- came only to die a cruel and unjust death ? ers without regrets.

NOT CLAIMS . . .

But FACTS A r e

Making

A TREMENDOUS SUCCESS!

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SECTARIAN FEELING IN EDINBURGH. Tuesday's Times had a message from its correspondent in Edinburgh, in which it was stated that considerable surprise and resentment are being shown in the Scottish capital at the alleged "exaggerated" reports circulating on the Eucharistic Congress and the procession of the Blessed Sacrament last month. To judge from the open letter of His Grace the Archbishop of Edinburgh, who is not the one to make a mountain out of a molehill, the reports can hardly he dismissed as mere exaggeration of a back-street brawl. The evidence proves that it was an organised attempt to wreck the Congress if possible, and that the Congressists were subjected to abuse violence and /intimidation at the hands of an unruly mob. In these columns we paid tribute to the fairness and tolerance of the majority of the people of Edinburgh, but the City was badly served by its spokesmen and the Press on the occasion of the j Congress brawls. No voice was raised ! n protest, and that is what hurts. • * * * * "THE FUTURE IS NOT CLEAR TO MY EYES/' Receiving in audience on Monday a group of German youths belonging to Catholic Action, the Holy Father spoke to them of the need of courage when >ome have undertaken a struggle | "against God and against Christ for a ; modern paganism." "Still more difficult times may be im- \ minent," the Holy Father added, "and the future is not clear to my eyes," though he hoped for a better future. j The week's news has been very dis- j Quieting, and all of it points to an intensification of the attack upon the Church. A priest has been fined for not saluting Hitler, and wild accusations of fomenting trouble, and even of fouling their own shrines, have been made against the Catholics. . By now it is hard to deceive us. We *now too much of the ways of propagandists and agents-orovocateurs to be taken in easily by their tricks. We be*an by hoping for the best from the Nazis, but events quickly undeceived us. or while some of our friends thought ftat we w._*re wrong in our judgments on r

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MALAYA

CATHOLIC

LEADER,

SATURDAY,

ARCHBISHOP'S ADDRESS TO CATHOLIC W O M E N WOMEN

SHOULD

WITHDRAW

FROM

INDUSTRY. ( B y N.C.W.C. N e w s Service.) L o n d o n . — W o m e n should w i t h d r a w f r o m i n d u s t r y , is t h e consid e r e d opinion of t h e A r c h b i s h o p of B i r m i n g h a m , t h e Most Rev. T h o m a s L. W i l l i a m s , a s given in a n a d d r e s s t o 5,000 m o t h e r s a s s e m b l ed a t Blackpool for t h e coming-ofa g e rally of t h e Union of Catholic Mothers. T h e A r c h b i s h o p said h e recognized t h a t h e w a s t r e a d i n g on d a n gerous ground when he made the suggestion. " A s long a s m a n is out of w o r k , family life suffers," said t h e A r c h bishop. " A s l o n g a s w o m a n e a r n s m o r e in i n d u s t r y s h e is inclined t o remain a t h e r work rather t h a n r e t i r e t o t h e h o m e , especially if m a r r i a g e m e a n s children a n d t h e f o r f e i t i n g of economic independence. " L e t t h e r e b e equality of p a y m e n t in i n d u s t r y , p a y m e n t o n t h e value of service rendered, a n d I h a v e sufficient f a i t h t o believe t h a t w o m a n will eventually d i s a p p e a r from i n d u s t r y a n d m a n will t a k e her place." The Archbishop suggested this a s p a r t of t h e policy of t h e U n i o n of Catholic M o t h e r s . T h e U n i o n is conducted u n d e r t h e aegis of t h e Catholic W o m e n ' s League.

MEXICO MAY MODIFY (Continued

A r c h b i s h o p Williams said t h e r e a r e m a n y elements in E n g l i s h ind u s t r i a l life which a r e hostile to the encouragement and strengthening of family life. One of these is t h e insufficient w a g e paid to t h o u s a n d s of m e n engaged in fact o r y work, he said. | | | I

F e w e r children would n e v e r be a r e m e d y for t h e s e bad conditions, h e said, adding t h a t o t h e r nations, with m o r e intelligence, " h a v e encouraged parenthood, and o u r s has allowed a few loud-voiced fanatics t o point a t t h e 'immeasurable h a r m ' of t h e family a n d t h e home." T h e Most Rev. R i c h a r d Downey, A r c h b i s h o p of Liverpool, asked how w o m a n h a d used h e r newfound liberty. S h e is on t r i a l a t t h e g r a n d assize of n a t i o n s , h e said, a n d on h e r use of liberty depends t h e f u t u r e of m a n k i n d . Criticizing t h o s e w h o seek j u s tification for i m m o r a l . action, t h e A r c h b i s h o p s a i d : " T h e s e people regard t h e Ten Commandments in m u c h t h e s a m e w a y a s t e n q u e s t i o n s set in a n examination paper, prefaced b y t h e r e m a r k 'only five of t h e s e t o be a t t e m p t ed.'" _ _ _ _ _

LAWS AGAINST

from page 1)

u s u r p a t i o n , ' for t h e C h u r c h h a s ' t h e exclusive r i g h t t o t e a c h religion t o Catholic children a n d 'cannot a p p r o v e schools which exclude religion f r o m t h e c u r r i c u l u m . ' "Second, t h e G o v e r n m e n t ' s p u r t o be n o t h i n g s h o r t of t y r a n n i c a l pose is obviously t o r e a r t h e child a s a n e n t i t y of a social and economic, n o t a religious c o m m u n i t y ; while for t h e C h u r c h t h e a i m of t h e school is p r i m a r i l y ' t h e p r e s e r vation of t h e Catholic f a i t h of our children a n d t h e salvation of t h e i r souls.' " T h i r d , a s t o content, t h e S t a t e excludes religious t e a c h i n g s f r o m i t s schools a n d seeks t o ' c r e a t e in Mexican y o u t h a rational concept of t h e world and social l i f e ' ; whereas the Church maintains t h a t 'intellectual education m u s t not b e s e p a r a t e d from m o r a l and religious education,' t h a t 'religion should b e a n essential p a r t of education,' and t h a t 'sound m o r a l inst r u c t i o n is impossible a p a r t from religious education.' Moreover, t h e S t a t e ' s concept of education which 'shall c o m b a t f a n a t i c i s m a n d p r e j u d i c e ' is held t o b e definitely not only anti-Catholic b u t anti-religious, since, according t o C a t h o lics, ' f a n a t i c i s m ' for m a n y Mexic a n s is s y n o n y m o u s w i t h Catholicism. I t is still too e a r l y t o k n o w t h e concrete f o r m s which application of t h e a m e n d m e n t t o A r t i c l e 3 of t h e C o n s t i t u t i o n will t a k e . If ' r a t i o n a l ' education comb a t i n g ' f a n a t i c i s m ' implies a n t i religious education, a s c h a r g e d by the Church, then the entire C h u r c h - S t a t e controversy in Mexico a s s u m e s a new aspect. T h e problem no longer follows t h e m o r e f a m i l i a r p a t t e r n s of clericalism v e r s u s anti-clericalism. I t involves t h e f u n d a m e n t a l q u e s t i o n s of t h e r i g h t of religions t o exist,

RELIGION.

and t h e r i g h t of a t o t a l i t a r i a n S t a t e t o i m p a r t a doctrinal bias to all education. A s such it affects not t h e Catholic C h u r c h alone, b u t t h e educational activities of all religious and p r i v a t e bodies." Most of t h e r e p o r t is t a k e n u p w i t h a historical analysis of t h e controversy. BRITISlTFOiraFG]^ W A T C H E S E V E N T S I N MEXICO. London.—Acknowledging a r e solution sent on behalf of 60,000 m e m b e r s of t h e Ancient Order of Hibernians protesting against the persecution of Catholics in Mexico, Sir S a m u a l H o a r e , F o r e i g n Secret a r y , h a s caused t h e following reply t o be s e n t t o J a m e s Donnelly, Scottish s e c r e t a r y of t h e A.O.H.: " I a m to inform you t h a t regular r e p o r t s on t h e subject of t h e position of t h e Catholic C h u r c h in Mexico a r e received in t h i s departm e n t from H i s M a j e s t y ' s Minist e r in Mexico City, a n d t h a t t h e S e c r e t a r y of S t a t e continues t o follow t h e s i t u a t i o n w i t h care. " S i r Samuel H o a r e does not, however, feel t h a t t h i s m a t t e r is one which H i s M a j e s t y ' s governm e n t could r a i s e in t h e Council of t h e L e a g u e as s u g g e s t e d in y o u r p r o t e s t . " (N.C.W.C.) J A P A N CONVENT TO BE OPENED. M o n t r e a l . — F o u r S i s t e r s of St. Ann, whose m o t h e r h o u s e is a t Lachine, n e a r h e r e , will leave in t h e fall t o establish a convent in t h e diocese of F u k u o k a , J a p a n . T h e S i s t e r s will organize a kind e r g a r t e n for J a p a n e s e children, and will open t h e first hospital to be established in t h e foreign m i s sion field b y t h e i r Order. The Order now h a s a d i s p e n s a r y a n d day n u r s e r y in t h e F u k u o k a diocese. (N.C.W.C.)

2 4 t h AUGUST, ^ 9 3 ^

D R . SCHMIDT ON T H E F A L S E CULTURE OF THE WEST.

P E T E R C H O N G & CO.,

o

(The Catholic Store).

J a p a n Advised not to be Deceived B y It. Tokyo.—The genuine E u r o p e a n culture is not t h a t which prevails in m a n y E u r o p e a n nations to-day, F a t h e r William Schmidt, S. V . D. told his audience a t a conference given recently a t t h e Imperial U n i v e r s i t y of Tokyo. W h a t is of real cultural value in Europe, h e said, is t h o r o u g h l y Christian, based u p on and practised according t o t h e t e a c h i n g of Christ. He told t h e people t h a t t h e y should keep t h i s fact in mind so a s not to be deceived b y certain events which seem t o be signs of decadence. F a t h e r Schmidt is P r o f e s s o r at , t h e U n i v e r s i t y of Vienna and Scientific Director of t h e L a t e r a n Museum of Ethnology a n d Mis, sions, Rome. During his visit Missions, Rome. During h i s visit to Tokyo, t h e Kebusai B u n k a Shinkakai, or t h e Association for I n t e r national Cultural Relations, held a reception for him and t o g e t h e r I with t h e J a p a n e s e Society of E t h j nology and t h e Anthropological 1 Society of Tokyo, invited h i m to give a conference on t h e l a t e s t sciI entific m e t h o d s of Ethnology with | a view to establishing t h e e t h n o logical position of the J a p a n e s e . While speaking at t h e Imperial U n i v e r s i t y h e suggested t h a t a Chair of Ethnology be i n s t i t u t e d t h e r e to aid in the s y s t e m a t i c s t u d y of t h e history of t h e J a p a nese people and to help in t h e project, which h a s been u n d e r discusj sion in high Japanese circles, of reI j u v e n a t i n g t h e old and worn-out J a p a n e s e culture. It w a s in t h i s I connection t h a t F a t h e r Schmidt j warned his hearers a g a i n s t mist a k i n g t h e present-day life of Europe for genuine Christian culture. (Fides.) FIRST

NATIVE SISTERS SUNDA ISLANDS.

OF

N d o n a - E n d e , Flores. N e t h e r l a n d | Indies.—Nine native y o u n g women I of t h e islands of Flores a n d Timor. off t h e e a s t e r n e x t r e m i t y of J a v a , I h a v e received the religious habit from Bishop H e n r y Leven, S.V.D.. I Vicar Apostolic of t h e L i t t l e Sunda \ Islands. T h e y are t h e first m e m bers of t h e newly founded native religious Order, the S i s t e r s of t h e I I m i t a t i o n of Christ. (N.C.W.C.) ;

30

BOOKS FOR LENT SEASON:— Station of the Cross (Illustrated) Holy Week Book Bible History (Illustrated) Catholic Doctrine Imitation of Christ Holy Bible Catholic Boys' Guide Catholic Girls' Guide, etc. These are the books that shouid greatly appeal to our fellow Catholics. Get them from the only Store of its kind in Malaya.

CHANGES IN SEVERAL MISSIONS. New V i c a r i a t e Head. R o m e . — T h e P r e f e c t u r e Apostolic of Suchow, K i a n g s u Province, China, h a s been raised to t h e r a n k of V i c a r i a t e , and t h e Rt. Rev. Msgr. P h i l i p Cote, S.J., Province of Lower C a n a d a , h a s been named Vicar Apostolic. Bishop-elect Cote was born in L a w r e n c e , Mass., in 1896, a n d w a s ordained t o the priesthood in 1927. H e h a s been in China since 1929. This decision of t h e Sacred Congregation of P r o p a g a n d a F i d e is made k n o w n in a decree dated J u n e 18. O t h e r decrees of t h e same d a t e provide for t h e elevation of m i s s i o n a r y t e r r i t o r i e s and t h e nomination of superiors in Africa a n d A u s t r a l i a . The P r e f e c t u r e Apostolic of N o r t h e r n K a t a n g a , Belgian Congo, h a s been r a i s e d to t h e r a n k of Vicariate, and t h e R t . Rev. Msgr. George H a e z a e r t , of t h e Holy Ghost F a t h e r s , h a s been named Vicar Apostolic. H e was born at St. Nicolas-Waes, Belgium. The P r e f e c t u r e Apostolic of Vatomandry, Madagascar, has been erected, e m b r a c i n g t e r r i t o r y detached from t h e V i c a r i a t e s of Tananarive and Fianarantsoa. T h e Missionaries of t h e Company of M a r y of Blessed Grignion de Montfort will h a v e c h a r g e . The Most Rev. O t t o Raible, of t h e Pallottine F a t h e r s , h a s been named V i c a r Apostolic of Kimberley in W e s t e r n A u s t r a l i a . H e was born in S t u t t g a r t , G e r m a n y . T h e V e r y Rev. Modesto Perez, of t h e S p a n i s h Dominican F a t h e r s , h a s been n a m e d P r e f e c t Apostolic of Shikoku, J a p a n . (N.C.W.C.)

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MALAYA

CATHOLIC

LEADER,

SATURDAY,

REMARKABLE STORY OF THE "PRIEST OF THE AIR/' TEMPTING

OFFERS

TURNED

EDINBURGH DEMONSTRATION BENEFIT CHURCH.

DOWN.

T h e A m e r i c a n " D i g e s t " t e l l s a r e m a r k a b l e s t o r v of F a t h e r Coughlin, t h e A m e r i c a n p r i e s t w h o b r o a d c a s t s every S u n d a y over t w e n t y - s e v e n U n i t e d S t a t e s r a d i o s t a t i o n s . His influence on American public opinion is said, t o be g r e a t e r to-day t h a n t h a t of President Roosevelt.

2 4 t h A U G U S T , 1935.

CATHOLICS PRAISED FOR CALMNESS SPITE OF PROVOCATION.

IN

(By G E O R G E B A R N A R D ) London.—Commenting on t h e " no P o p e r y " rioting in conecttion w i t h t h e first Scottish National E u c h a r i s t i c Congress, held a t E d i n b u r g h , t h e Most Rev. H e n r y G r e y G r a h a m , t i t u l a r Bishop of T i p a s a in Numidia, s t a t e d : "All t h e s e scenes will do good for t h e Church. T h e s e people on t h e j s t r e e t s do n o t seem t o realize t h e y a r e 200 y e a r s behind t h e times. T h e y c a n n o t u n d e r s t a n d t h a t Catholics t o d a y h a v e t h e self-same r i g h t s a n d responsibilities a s o t h e r

citizens. Blind r a g e is behind t h e whole thing. The Congress has t a k e n place a n d h a s been most successful. T h a t is w h a t a n g e r s them."

F a t h e r Coughlin w a s born a t L a t e r Columbia dropped him, Hamilton, O n t a r i o , 42 y e a r s ago. and he hired a n e t w o r k of 11 indeIn 1926 h e w a s o r d e r e d by Bishop p e n d e n t stations. To-day he h a s Gellagher, of t h e Diocese of Det- 27 s t a t i o n s , a g r o u p of secret corBishop Grey G r a h a m was smugroit, t o s t a r t a n e w p a r i s h a t Royal respondents in W a s h i n g t o n , and gled out by a back door when a Oak, a few miles n o r t h of t h e city. his own personal " B r a i n T r u s t " yelling mob besieged t h e hall in The p a r i s h could afford only a of economists a n d research men. which h e a t t e n d e d a m e e t i n g . small, " j e r r y - b u i l t " c h u r c h al- E x p e n s e has long since ceased to t h o u g h it w a s a m p l e for t h e needs | be a factor in h i s a m a z i n g enterP r i e s t s w e r e t h e p a r t i c u l a r tarof t h e few w o r s h i p p e r s . " I w a s ; prise. H e can t r a v e l a t will and g e t of t h e " n o P o p e r y " bigots. m y o w n j a n i t o r , " s a y s F a t h e r j live a s he chooses, b u t he still Most of t h e clergy had escorts of Coughlin. " I h a d no fire in t h e j chooses to live modestly in a m e n , and in one case 100 m e n eswinter t i m e . I used t o put on m y simple, frame c o t t a g e which concorted a p r i e s t home. clothes w h e n I w a s wakened by t h e t r a s t s oddly w i t h t h e splendour of cold, a n d r u n u p and down outside his C h u r c h which h a s been built ; to all who were walking t h e s t r e e t s T h e mob s u r r o u n d e d t h e c a r of to get w a r m . " One d a y , becoming j entirely out of t h e r a d i o collection. of Detroit, h u n g r y , cold, and pen- t h e Most Rev. J o s e p h MacDonald, F a t h e r Coughlin's church a t niless, a welcome next d a v at t h e Archbishop of St. A n d r e w s and tired of p r e a c h i n g to c o n g r e g a t i o n s Every of 17, h e a n n o u n c e d t h a t he w a n t e d Royal Oak is one of t h e show places I L i t t l e Flower. " W e will feed and E d i n b u r g h , a n d jeered. of s u b u r b a n D e t r o i t . Beyond t h e j clothe you." Six h u n d r e d came, o b s e r v e r of t h e scenes p a y s t r i b u t e to broadcast h i s s e r m o n s . to t h e calmess of t h e E d i n b u r g h His people objected. T h e idea f u r t h e r m o s t b u n g a l o w set beside I but t h e C h u r c h managed. t h e broad h i g h w a y to Pontiac H e h a s become t h e confidant of Catholics in t h e face of g r e a t pros o u n d e d expensive. But F a t h e r Coughlin replied t h a t a l t h o u g h in a s t a n d s a high s t o n e t o w e r with a | p r o m i n e n t men in W a s h i n g t o n , and vocation. religious sense u n t r i e d , t h e r a d i o heroic figure of C h r i s t on t h e cross, he walks in and out of W h i t e In view of t h e t h r e a t e n e d a t t a c k cut in g r a n i t e . F l a n k e d by cedars, House. P r e s i d e n t Rosevelt h a s w a s a g r e a t potential s e r v a n t of by anti-Catholics, A r c h b i s h o p Maca n d illuminated a t n i g h t by a batbeen a t some pains to explain t h a t t h e C h u r c h : t h a t radio p r e a c h i n g Donald asked his people t o refrain m i g h t p a y for itself, m i g h t even t e r y of floodlights, one can see it F r . Coughlin h a s no official connec- from w e a r i n g t h e C o n g r e s s badge j in w i n t e r for a mile. tion w i t h t h e W h i t e House. B u t p a y t h e C h u r c h debt. And one which had b e e n issued. H i s office, h i g h on t h e sixth floor t h e P r e s i d e n t knows Coughlin perS u n d a y a f t e r n o o n he b r o a d c a s t e d a sonally a n d is said to like h i m . * ' A t a m e e t i n g of t h e P r o t e s t a n t ! of t h e tower, is r e a c h e d by a spiral Gospel sermon. E i g h t l i s t e n e r s w r o t e in a b o u t it, j s t a i r c a s e , and on t h e w a y u p a r e H i s potential influence on t h e t r e n d Action Society, held in E d i n b u r g h t o his gratification a n d s u r p r i s e . ; several locked doors each of which | of e v e n t s in America h a s aroused a week before t h e Congress, CounF o r t w o y e a r s h e p r e a c h e d t h e I he opens by m e a n s of a secret p r e s - \ some of t h e m o s t heated discussion cillor Cormack, leader of t h e local anti-Catholic faction, showed a simple gospel over t h e radio. H e I s u r e . This gives h i m protection of t h e p a s t year. Ignored by t h e P r e s s for some copy of t h e Congress b a d g e and got 30 l e t t e r s p e r week, t h e n 100 j a g a i n s t fanatics w h o m i g h t r u s h I in t o upset t h e d a y ' s work. B u t y e a r s a f t e r his radio b r o a d c a s t s declared t h a t it would be an insult then 500. At first he t r i e d to a n s w e r t h e m I to h i s p a r i s h i o n e r s h e is not inac- h a d m a d e him a power t o be re- t o t h e people of E d i n b u r g h t o wear all himself. T h e n girls from t h e | cessible. T u e s d a y a n d T h u r s d a y ckoned w i t h , he h a s now become it. H e told P r o t e s t a n t s t h a t if I n i g h t s he receives t h e m home and t h e s t o r m centre of violent contro- t h e y saw such badges t h e y should parish helped h i m . t e a r t h e m off. L a t e r t h e landlady with whom ! counsels with t h e h u m b l e s t of t h e m v e r s y in t h e newspapers. W h e n F a t h e r Coughlin talks | a s p r i e s t and m a n . he had first b o a r d e d organised t h e A n o t h e r s p e a k e r a t t h e meeting On F r i d a y e v e n i n g s , when h e is over t h e air, according to a corres- w a s t h e Rev. Mr. Longbottom, Radio L e a g u e of t h e Little Flower, ! not travelling, he i m m u r e s himself pondent in a recent issue of t h e Liverpool anti-Catholic leader. H e to receive c o n t r i b u t i o n s . Melbourne " A r g u s , " h e can b6 counselled P r o t e s t a n t s " t o be vigiBy t h e end of t h e second y e a r j n his tower office a n d r e m a i n s for a s s u r e d of an audience of from lant and active in m a i n t a i n i n g t h e | 36 h o u r s , g e t t i n g his own meals on F a t h e r Coughlin w as g e t t i n g 4,000 freedom of t h e i r religion and reletters p e r week and t h e c a s h en- j a little cook-stove. H e r e , solitary j t w e n t y to t h i r t y million persons, the encroachments of closures w e r e p a y i n g his r a d i o ex- • but for t h e company of his m a g n i - ! a n d his views on m a t t e r s r a n g i n g s i s t i n g penses, and a g r e a t deal more, j icent Great D a n e , " P a l , " he pre- ! from m o n e t a r y stabilisation to R o m e . " (N.C.W.C.) | oares his r e g u l a r S u n d a y sermon, ! b i r t h control is listened to, if not besides. j \ children's sermon, and t h e Sun- enthusiastically solicited, by ConBut still h e w a s not satisfied. gressional committees, a n d when lay afternoon radio address. From h i s school d a y s h e h a d been F a t h e r Coughlin h a s refused to h e is in Washington, President impressed b y t h e w o r d s of Pope How a n y commercialism of his Roosevelt usually finds a spare • Leo XIII., w h o laid g r e a t s t r e s s on i r o g r a m m e s t h r o u g h advertising. h o u r to discuss the economic the squalor of t h e w o r k i n g classes V b i g food c o m p a n y is locally re- s i t u a t i o n . and h a d p r o n o u n c e d it t h e d u t y of ported to have offered him 7,500 T h e activities of Fr. Coughlin's the C h u r c h t o s a v e t h e world a s ioliars p e r week for half a n h o u r h u g e organisation began in a well as t h e individual. ^ach week, t h e c o m p a n y to pay all h u m b l e w a y when he originally Fr. Coughlin, w h o agreed w i t h ?osts of t h e b r o a d c a s t and t o t a k e convinced a local wireless station Pope Leo, decided in 1929 to p r e a c h j ' w o m i n u t e s of t h e t i m e , F a t h e r t h a t an h o u r of Catholic broadcast Economics a s well a s C h r i s t i a n i t y Coughlin to choose h i s own subject would be a good proposition. The over t h e air. A y e a r l a t e r h e m a d e and not to submit t o t h e blue pencil. increasing n u m b e r of questions a contract w i t h t h e Columbia He refused. asked by listeners necessitated t h e Broadcasting S y s t e m for a n e t w o r k A Hollywood film company e n g a g e m e n t of a n u m b e r of secreof 16 s t a t i o n s . H e m a d e vitriolic w a n t e d t o s t a r h i m in a picture to t a r i e s , b u t when t h e spiritual disattacks on u n e m p l o y m e n t , m a s s be called " T h e F i g h t i n g P r i e s t . " courses were supplemented by comproduction, i n v e s t m e n t , w e a l t h . F a t h e r Coughlin, h i s secretaries, m e n t s on political and economic His hold on h i s audience w a s his household, a n d t h e key em- questions, t h e venture became a proved when in 1931 t h e Columbia ployees of t h e Royal Oak office business enterprise. T h e future Broadcasting C o m p a n y , e m b a r r a s s - w e r e t o be moved t o Hollywood a t of F r . Coughlin will be watched If Is difficult to express the ed by his u n b r i d l e d a t t a c k s on Wall t h e expense of t h e film company, w i t h i n t e r e s t by Catholics and nonreverent 4ove w e feel for Street and t h e H o o v e r A d m i n i s t r a - and offered, 500,000 dollars for a Catholics alike, for it is said t h a t , those w h o are gone. A tion, s u g g e s t e d t h a t t h e y censor an picture. F a t h e r Coughlin again " c o n s c i o u s of h i s t r e m e n d o u s j political power, he is weighing t h e address h e w a s p r e p a r i n g . funeral here and a Symbol refused. H e can now h i r e a staff of 150 i desirability of t a k i n g a h a n d in t h e In reply, h e s t e p p e d to t h e micof remembrance aid and rophone t h e n e x t afternoon and in clerks and spend 390.000 dollars a affairs of S t a t e . " comfort the bereaved. [According to t h e W a s h i n g t o n impassioned t o n e s upheld t h e free- y e a r for his radio hook up. He correspondent of t h e M a d r a s Mail dom of speech, e n d i n g up w i t h an receives 10,000 l e t t e r s a day—approximately 65 p e r cent, from non- F r . Coughlin h a s j u s t r e t i r e d from appeal to his l i s t e n e r s t o decide t h e In t h e words And F r . Coughlin's his radio activities. Question: Should h e be censored, Catholics. of t h e correspondent, " N o cleric mail contains cash. He walked or should h e s p e a k r i g h t o u t ? In into a Detroit B a n k one Tuesday ever g a t h e r e d such a following answer, 300,000 l e t t e r s are said to PENHAS ROAD. SINGAPORE m o r n i n g and deposited 22,000 across t h e spaces of a continent have poured i n t o t h e s t a t i o n s of and his d r a m a t i c voice will be miss- , the Company, s t a g g e r i n g t h e offi- dollars in one-dollar bills, which • ed by t h e m u l t i t u d e he g a t h e r e d j cials. F a t h e r Coughlin claims t h a t had arrived in Monday's mail. One j dav, after his radio hour, he offered from a m o n g all denominations.] only 400 odd v o t e d a g a i n s t h i m . ;

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W O M E N A N D CHILDREN FIRST W h e n t h e r e is a likelihood of a w r e c k a t sea, o r a n y o t h e r trouble, involving m e n , w o m e n a n d children alike, t h e c r y g o e s u p , a n d is r e echoed by e v e r y m a n w o r t h y of t h e n a m e , " W o m e n a n d children c h i l d r e n f i r s t ! " A n d woe to t h e m a n , with t h e m e a n n e s s of soul t o t r y to p u s h h i s w a y before, for t h e o t h e r m e n will t r e a t h i m v e r y r o u g h l y . N o b o d y will h a v e a good w o r d t o s a y for h i m ever, and if in a f t e r life t h e r e a r e t i m e s when h e m e e t s a n y of t h e people w h o viewed h i s cowardice h e is s u r e t o dislike t h o s e m e e t i n g s intensely. Apply it t o t h e e v e r y d a y life, a n d t h e e v e r y d a y w o r r i e s , and see h o w it w o r k s . A m a n reading t h i s , will p r o b a b l y s a y : "Hm, w o m e n a n d c h i l d r e n in t h e b a t h room first, w o m e i a n d children in t h e t r a i n s first, a n d women a n d children e v e r y w h e r e — w h e r e do w e come i n ? " T o which I would a n s w e r ; 'My d e a r good fellow (for I a m s u r e y o u a r e a good fellow), you will come first! A n d if t h i s sounds like a n a n o m a l y consider it t h i s w a y . T h e w o m e n a n d children t o w h o m you h a v e paid courtesy a n d chivalry will see t o it—all t h e y w h o m a t t e r a n y w a y — t h a t you do n o t lose by it. A n y wife, w o r t h y of t h e n a m e , will t h i n k first of t h e h u s b a n d w h o a l w a y s s t e p s o u t of t h e way t o let h e r go first—every child whose love is w o r t h h a v i n g will have a deeper, m o r e r e v e r e n t love for t h e f a t h e r w h o m a k e s w a y for it t h a n for t h e one w h o i n s i s t s on t h e r i g h t of m a n t o monopolise t h e h e a r t h r u g , a n d t h e w a r m t h of t h e fire incidentally, a n d expect women a n d children to bow down and listen t o his w o r d s ! If you t h i n k of wife and children first when m a k i n g y o u r plans for holidays, you m a y often h a v e t o perform a c t s of self-sacrifices which t h e y never suspect (or which you t h i n k t h e y d o n ' t ) , b u t God sees a n d knows, and you will be first in Heaven, will h a v e a h i g h e r place in His eyes because you put yourself last h e r e . The h u s b a n d w h o makes no bones w h e n t h e t i r e d wife, t o r n b e t w e e n t w o loves w o n d e r s w h e t h e r it is w o r t h while a n g e r i n g t h e f a t h e r b e c a u s e one of t h e children is fractious in t h e n u r s e r y and would like h e r comfort, leaving daddy w i t h a book for c o m p a n y d u r i n g t h e early h o u r s of t h e evening. K n o w i n g h i s s t r e n g t h of c h a r acter, will, a n d body, h e can forego m a n y little attentions'* and t h o u g h t s , w i t h o u t lowering h i m self in a n y way, a n d in fact p u t t i n g himself in a h i g h e r place in his wife's affections t h a n h e ever h a d before. The m a n who, coming in tired and h u n g r y from t h e city, and finding a wife d i s t r a c t e d by serveral small evils all coming at once a t t h e w r o n g m o m e n t , will not t u r n on h e r and say, " W h y in h e a v e n ' s n a m e c a n n o t you m a n a g e t h i n g s b e t t e r — i f I r a n my office like you do t h i s house, I'd never g e t on a t all.!" F o r h e knows perfectly well t h a t a t his office t h i n g s r u n to a t i m e - t a b l e m o r e or less, and t h a t even w i t h t h e b e s t intentions and m a p p e d - o u t t i m e a wife cannot g u a r a n t e e t h a t s h e will h a v e no

a w k w a r d callers, t h a t t h e baby will be serene all d a y , t h a t none of t h e older children will be sent h o m e from school sick or with bleeding k n e e s ! A t t h e office a s e c r e t a r y or y o u n g lady t y p i s t , or even a n office boy, keeps t h e chance caller a w a y from t h e boss, b u t a t home, even if one affords a maid, t h e wife is on t h e spot and h a s personally to a t t e n d to everything. In every n o r m a l h a p p y home, t h e r e m u s t be a c e r t a i n a m o u n t of women and children first—and no decent woman lets h e r h u s b a n d lose by it. S h e t a k e s g r e a t c a r e of h i m because h e is such a jewel, and t h e children t h i n k t h e r e is nobody like D a d d y — w h o a l w a y s considers t h e i r t e n d e r y e a r s a n d t h e i r e x p a n d i n g m i n d s a n d bodies before h i s own comfort* or pleas u r e or t h e look of his household, or t h e opinions of chance acquaintances.

'Every child needs milk every day."

MILKMAID" MILK HOUSEHOLD HINTS. HOW TO CLEAN.

POTATO SOUP. Peel, wash, and cut one pound of potatoes into thin slices, put them into a pan with one ounce of dripping and an onion (sliced). Place over the fire for ten minutes shaking the pan occasionally to prevent the potatoes becoming brown, add a grated carrot, cover with water (in which meat has been boiled preferred,) and simmer until the vegetables are tender; strain through a sieve or colander, add half a pint skimmed milk, salt, and pepper; boil up again and serve.

G a s stoves should be washed with h o t w a t e r and soda so as to remove all grease. T h e outside should be rubbed with a few drops of oil on a cloth and t h e n b e carefully blackleaded while t h e stove is cold. Steel p a r t s should not be blackened, but should b e rubbed w i t h a p a s t e made of powdered VEGETABIE SOUP. b a t h b r i c k and sweet oil. Enamell- | Peal four potatoes, an onion, a ed p a r t s and b r a s s handles to be cleaned separately with salt and j turnip, and parsnip, scrape a carrot, and cut up a stick of celery. Wash and brass paste. cut small. Put two ounces of dripping G r a t e . — T o clean a g r a t e , first into a saucepan, add the vegetables, and remove all t h e cinders a n d b r u s h i simmer well for ten minutes. Stir t h e g r a t e well, particularly up at often. Add the pepper, salt, and three of water by degrees, stir until it t h e back. Then lay on an even pints boils, and simmer an hour and a half, t h i n coat of black lead mixed with skim off the fat and serve plain, or with w a t e r or enameline, and polish fried or toasted bread. w i t h a soft b r u s h or old velvet pad. If liked, the soup may be strained and Tiles should be washed w i t h w a r m the vegetables rubbed through a sieve soapy w a t e r some time before t h e or colander. Pour the soup back, boil fire is lit, as t h e y would crack ten minutes, stir often. FISH SOUP. w h e n heated if not perfectly dry.

SILLY Q U A R R E L S . Some wives a n d h u s b a n d s a r e frequently q u a r r e l i n g a n d a c t i n g as if t h e y were enemies, a n d t h e explanation is t h a t while t h e y a r e enemies t h e y a r e still lovers. T h e i r t a s t e s a n d h a b i t s a n d points of view a r e so a n t a g o n i s t i c t h a t t h e y a r c k e p t in a p e r p e t u a l squabble. T h e y g e t on each o t h e r ' s n e r v e s , b u t t h e r e is b e t w e e n t h e m some bond of a t t r a c t i o n t h a t holds t h e m t o g e t h e r in s p i t e of t h e m i s e r y t h e y cause each o t h e r . T h i s is w h y it is never safe to a g r e e w i t h t h e wife who is telling you w h a t a b r u t e and villian h e r h u s b a n d is or to join with a m a n in his criticism of his wife. T h e v e r y p a r t i e s w h o h a v e been a s k i n g you t o s y m p a t h i z e w i t h t h e m for h a v i n g Gilt.—Gilt frames of m i r r o r s and got t h e world's w o r s t h u s b a n d or wife will t u r n on you a n d r e n d you p i c t u r e s . F i r s t dust well with a soft b r u s h and t h e n p a i n t on a limb from limb. It isn't because t h e y a r e afflicted m i x t u r e of four p a r t s of cold w i t h t h e m a r t y r complex, or t h a t w a t e r t o one of vinegar. Do not t h e y possess such a h i g h and noble use too much liquid and renew it In finishing sense of d u t y t h a t t h e y a r e im- w h e n it g e t s d i r t y . pelled to fulfill t h e obligations t h e y squeeze t h e b r u s h dry a n d go over h a v e assumed a t a n y cost t o t h e m - t h e gilding again. selves t h a t m a k e s m e n and women I r o n s a r e cleaned by rubbing e n d u r e u n h a p p y m a r r i a g e s . It is w i t h powdered b a t h b r i c k moistenbecause while t h e y don't like each ed w i t h a little paraffin or sweet o t h e r t h e y love each o t h e r . T h e oil. If allowed to get very r u s t y virago, t h e n a g g e r , t h e s p e n d e r s t a n d t h e m for a night in a flat still h a v e c h a r m for t h e i r h u s b a n d s t i n of linseed oil and t h e n clean. even while t h e y t r e m b l e before K i d . — W h i t e kid shoes or gloves t h e i r wives' t e m p e r and cower u n d e r t h e i r h e n p e c k i n g and r a g e a r e best cleaned with benzine or petrol. As t h i s is a v e r y inflamat their extravagance. T h e only h a p p y m a r r i a g e s a r e mable liquid it should if possible t h o s e in which a m a n and woman be used only out of doors, and can be not only h u s b a n d and wife, n e v e r n e a r a source of light or but friends. S o m e t i m e s we see h e a t . H a v e two small basins with t h i s sad spectacle. Men and women benzine in each. W a s h t h e kid w o r k i n g t o g e t h e r t o m a k e a home, with a piece of sponge in t h e first t o b r i n g up a family, b u t g e t t i n g basin and t h e n rinse in t h e second. no happiness out of it. Lonely, Gloves a r e best done on t h e hands, disgruntled, bored, because they and can be washed a s if washing t h e h a n d s . Work quickly as t h e a r e no friends. liquid soon evaporates, and air Lover a n d F r i e n d . well to remove all t r a c e s of smell F o r t h e r e a r e m a n y m a r r i e d off it. couple, who love each o t h e r , but Knives should never be placed t h e r e are c o m p a r a t i v e l y few who wholly into w a t e r , as t h i s tends to like each o t h e r . T h e r e a r e plenty loosen and discolour t h e handles. of h u s b a n d s and wives who would T h e y a r e best washed by placing die for each o t h e r , but who find it in a j u g half full of w a r m w a t e r impossible to live t o g e t h e r in peace j and t h e n d r y i n g well. Stains on and amity. Love m a y h a v e in it ! t h e handles a r e removed bv rubboth a t t r a c t i o n and repulsion, but j b i n g w i t h half a lemon, and t h e friendship is s h e e r congeniality, so J blades a r e cleaned on a board with lucky t h e couple who, in t h e slang a cork dipped in finely-powdered (Continued at foot Col. 4) b a t h b r i c k , and then well dusted T

RECIPES. o

Well clean the fish (skate is best), wash, skin, and take out the bones. Put the head, skin, and bones into a pan with two quarts of water, two onions, a little parsley, peper and salt, and boil two or three hours. Strain and return to the pan with the fish cut in small pieces. Put in a small saucepan half an ounce of butter, a little flour, and mix over the fire till smooth, add quarter-pint of milk and a little of the soup.Pour into the soup, boil up, and stir in a tablespoonful of chopped parsley. A cupful of meat-stock added is an improvement.

SAY T H E R O S A R Y . N o t h i n g m a k e s us love the Rosary like s a y i n g it. To those who a r e u n a c c u s t o m e d to it, it seems long a n d t e d i o u s ; but by saying it, t h e devotion h a s become d e a r to t h o u s a n d s of m e n and women who now find it not long o r tedious, b u t t h e easiest and most fruitful w a y of h o n o u r i n g God's dear M o t h e r a n d o b t a i n i n g grace. of the dav, can call each o t h e r Friend H u s b a n d and F r i e n d Wife. But w h e n a h u s b a n d and wife arc friends t h e y a r e n e v e r bored, never lonely, n e v e r dull, never lacking for good c o m p a n y , because t h e y find c o m p a n i o n s h i p they like best in each o t h e r . E v e r y pleasure has a k e e n e r edge because they enjoy it t o g e t h e r . F o r t h e tie t h a t binds is f r i e n d s h i p a n d marriage is always h a n p y when it reaches the place w h e r e h u s b a n d s and wives like each o t h e r a s well as love each o t h e r .


MALAYA CATHOLIC LEADER,

ABYSSINIA'S EMPEROR AND THE CATHOLIC MISSION. by JOHN

M.

LENHART, (FROM * AMERICA')

A b y s s i n i a is a s o r t of confederacy whose r u l e r s or R a s e s enjoy a g r e a t a m o u n t of independence under t h e i r E m p e r o r . T h e p r e s e n t E m p e r o r r u l e d over t h e Province of H a r r a r before h e w a s raised t o t h e h i g h e s t d i g n i t y of E m p e r o r . Most of t h e R a s e s a r e C h r i s t i a n s of t h e h e r e t i c a l sect of Monophysites, b u t a few of t h e m a r e Moslem. T h e a n t a g o n i s m between t h e Moslem a n d M o n o p h y s i t e R a s e s led in 19JL7 ,to a rebellion w h e n E m p e r o r L i j Y a s s u t u r n e d Moslem to aid t h e C e n t r a l P o w e r s a n d T u r k e y . I t w a s t h e n t h a t , principally t h r o u g h t h e exertion of t h e young R a s T a f a r i of Harrar, C h r i s t i a n i t y w a s saved a n d t h e Moslem E m p e r o r d e t h r o n e d a n d imprisoned. On October 7, 1928.. R a s T a f a r i w a s r a i s e d t o t h e dign i t y of N e g u s , or K i n g of Abyssinia, b y t h e r e i g n i n g E m p r e s s Zauditu ( J u d i t h ) , and a few y e a r s l a t e r succeeded h e r a s E m p e r o r of Abyssinia. Since his accession t o t h e t h r o n e , R a s T a f a r i is known t o newspaper readers as Emperor Haile Sellassie I. I t is h e who now s t a n d s in serious d a n g e r of w a r with Italy. T h e r e i g n i n g E m p e r o r w a s educated b y t h e Catholic m i s s i o n a r i e s . H e is t h e son of R a s Makonnen T a f a r i of H a r r a r . T h i s r u l e r w a s a s t a u n c h friend of t h e F r e n c h C a puchin m i s s i o n a r i e s w h o laboured in A b y s s i n i a . R a s M a k o n n e n T a fari w a s t h e m o s t faithful a n d b e s t general of E m p e r o r Menelek a n d very m u c h liked by h i s people. On every d a y of f a s t , a n d t h e r e a r e many in t h e Abyssinian Church, t h e R a s would go t o t h e public square of H a r r a r , t h e r e t o h e a r t h e complaints of e v e r y one a n d to a d minister justice in mediaeval fashion. P e r s o n a l l y t h e R a s w a s very r e l i g i o u s a n d a n e x e m p l a r y C h r i s t i a n , a l t h o u g h h e n e v e r joined t h e Catholic C h u r c h . A g r e a t n u m b e r of poor a n d sick n a t i v e s received t h e i r daily b r e a d f r o m his h a n d s . A l a r g e g r o u p of A r menian r e f u g e e s w e r e provided b y him w i t h a new h o m e in his domain. Ras M a k o n n e n T a f a r i died on March 2 2 , 1906, a t t h e a g e of fiftyt h r e e y e a r s , leaving a son of fourteen y e a r s a n d e i g h t m o n t h s , t h e present E m p e r o r of A b y s s i n i a . " I t is e x p e c t e d , " w r o t e Bishop J a rosseau, O.M. CAP., on t h e d a y of his i n t e r m e n t , "that Emperor Menelek will n o m i n a t e t h e y o u n g Prince T a f a r i h i s successor a n d give h i m s u i t a b l e t u t o r s t o educate him till h e becomes of a g e . " Yet E m p e r o r Menelek, who w a s a first cousin of t h e deceased R a s of H a r r a r , could not realize t h i s expectation o r his a r d e n t wish t o reunite t h e A b y s s i n i a n C h u r c h with R o m e . I n 1908 h e became a n imbecile, a p p a r e n t l y t h r o u g h s o m e poison a d m i n i s t e r e d by t h e E m press T a i t u . Finally, in May, 1909, Menelek's g r a n d s o n Lij Y a s s u , then a lad of t h i r t e e n , w a s p r o claimed a s Menelek's successor. On h i s d e t h r o n e m e n t Menelek's d a u g h t e r Z a u d i t u w a s proclaimed Empress and Prince Tafari regent and h e i r p r e s u m p t i v e ( S e p t e m b e r 2 7 / 1916). T h e young regent Proved h i s ability t o rule t h e u n wieldy e m p i r e b y quelling in 1917 the r i s i n g of t h e d e t h r o n e d E m peror.

O.M,

CAP.

SATURDAY,

24th AUGUST, 1935.

9

DR. SELDEN DELANY, NOTED CONVERT TO CATHOUCISM DEAD. O N C E FAMOUS AS A N G L I C A N A N D

CLERGYMAN

EDITOR.

Bishop J a r o s s e a u wrote about New Y o r k . — T h e Rev. Dr. Sel- entitled ' T h i r t y Y e a r s a n Anglot h e new r e g e n t on December 19, den P . Delany, noted Catholic con- Catholic." S u m m i n g u p h i s dis1916: cussion of t h e " A n g l o - C a t h o l i c " R a s T a f a r i Makonnen, t h e fu- vert w h o for m a n y y e a r s w a s a t u r e E m p e r o r of Abyssinia, al- leader of t h e P r o t e s t a n t Episcopal position, of w h i c h h e had been for t h o u g h he is no Catholic, owes his Church in N e w York, died recently y e a r s a leading exponent, D r . Demoral education to t h e Catholic a t St. E l i z a b e t h ' s Hospital. H e lany concluded t h a t "since t h e r e is increasing evidence in contemporamission. H e likes us very m u c h had been a p a t i e n t t h e r e since F e H e w a s 61 y e a r s old. r y history t h a t t h e Roman C a t h o a n d t r u s t s us fully. T h e people b r u a r y . call him a l r e a d y t h e Catholic E m - F u n e r a l services w e r e held in lic Church is t h e most vigorous peror and e v e r a n d anon s a y : " W e t h e C h u r c h of O u r L a d y of L o u r - a n d flourishing presentation of t h e h a v e dethroned a Moslem to m a k e des, w h e r e D r . Delany w a s receiv- Gospel," w h i l e "Anglo-Catholicism a Catholic o u r r e g e n t . " Yet t h e ed into t h e C h u r c h on J u n e 24. is losing g r o u n d in t h e Anglican Catholics of Abyssinia are entitled 1930. Burial took place a t Highland C h u r c h and is a negligible factor to a l a r g e s h a r e in t h e victory of Mills, w h e r e D r . Delany w a s c h a p - in t h e religious forces of t h e m o d e m w o r l d , " t h e Anglo-Catholic Christianity over Moslemism. lain of t h e Convent of J e s u s and i s inevitably driven t o t h e concluW i t h o u t t h e i r co-operation and Mary. sion t h a t h e m u s t m a k e h i s subDr. Delany w a s born a t Fond du w i t h o u t t h e i r leader, R a s T a f a r i , Abyssinia would h a v e become Mos- Lac, Wis., J u n e 24, 1874. H i s pa- mission to R o m e . " C o m m e n t i n g a t t h e t i m e of h i s r e n t s , E d m u n d and Evelyn Selden lem. H e emotions a t m a k i n g t h e c h a n g e , Bishop J a r o s s e a u had reason t o Delany, w e r e P r e s b y t e r i a n s . call R a s T a f a r i t h e leader of t h e was g r a d u a t e d from H a r v a r d in D r . Delany said h e felt h e h a d Catholics. On his deathbed t h e 1896 a n d from W e s t e r n Theologic- "reached p o r t a f t e r a long, s t o r m tossed v o y a g e " and t h a t h e h a d f a t h e r , R a s Makonnen Tafari, had al Seminary, Chicago, in 1899, in e n t r u s t e d h i s son t o t h e p a t e r n a l which y e a r h e w a s ordained in t h e reached a position in which I a m of the Episcopalian t h o r o u g h l y in accord w i t h m y s u r c a r e of B i s h o p Jarosseau, and t h e m i n i s t r y roundings." Bishop h a d r e a s o n s to be proud of Church. A t t h e t i m e of his conversion h e He w a s a c u r a t e a t t h e Episcoh i s pupil. A n a t i v e p r i e s t , A b b a Samuel, palian C a t h e d r a l in Fond du L a c w a s internationally famous a s t h e w h o m Bishop J a r o s s e a u ordained and t h e n for t w o y e a r s was s t a - editor of t h e A m e r i c a n C h u r c h on December 17, 1910, acted a s tioned a t S t . J o s e p h ' s Episcopal Monthly. H e d e p a r t e d for R o m e t u t o r t o t h e y o u n g R a s and saved Church, R o x b u r y , Boston. He serv- immediately a f t e r his conversion h i s life on J u n e , 1915, when R a s ed in t h e m i n i s t r y of t h e s a m e and studied f o r t h e priesthood a t T a f a r i suffered shipwreck on one church in M e n a s h a and Appleton, t h e Beda College. H i s first book of t h e lakes, losing his own life in Wis., a n d f r o m 1907 t o 1915 w a s w r i t t e n a f t e r h i s conversion w a s dean of t h e Episcopalian C a t h e d r a l entitled " W h y R o m e ? " H e w a s doing so. R a s T a f a r i h a s shown h i s g r a t i - in Milwaukee. I n t h e l a t t e r y e a r ordained t o t h e priesthood b y H i s t u d e t o t h e Catholic Missionaries h e b e c a m e associate rector of t h e Eminence F r a n c i s Cardinal Mart h e s e m a n y y e a r s in spite of g r e a t Episcopal C h u r c h of St. M a r y t h e chetti-Sel^aggiani, V i c a r General opposition. H e braved t h e ex- Virgin, s e r v i n g until 1929, w h e n h e of His Holiness Pope P i u s XI, in communication of t h e Abyssinian w a s n a m e d rector. H e r e s i g n e d t h e Basilica of St. J o h n L a t e r a n . Abooma, c r e a t e d t h e Catholic mis- t h i s p o s t in 1930 t o p r e p a r e for h i s In a lecture delivered before t h e sion posts i n t o p r i v a t e fiefs t o admission t o t h e Catholic C h u r c h . St. Paul's Guild, last December, D r . p r o t e c t t h e m a g a i n s t t h e vexations In a n article published in T h e Delany emphasized t h e necessity of hostile neighbours, donated Commonweal, s h o r t l y a f t e r h i s for t h o r o u g h t r a i n i n g in Catholic l a r g e t r a c t s of land to t h e C a t h o - conversion, D r . Delany set forth dogma and doctrine of convert lic mission, contributed l a r g e s u m s some of t h e considerations which clergymen i n t e n d i n g to e n t e r t h e (N.C.W.C.) t o t h e erection of buildings a n d led to h i s decision. T h e article w a s Catholic priesthood. promoted t h e i n t e r e s t s of t h e m i s sion in every o t h e r way. He p r e s e n t e d a precious cross t o t h e T H E R E L I G I O U S P E R S O N N E L CATHOLIC STAND AGAINST poor Capuchin Bishop J a r o s s e a u , COMMUNISM P R A ISED. O F C H I N A MISSIONS. a n d e n t r u s t e d one of t h e Capuchin missionaries w i t h t h e compilation No Communistic Tinge In Catholic of t h e a n n a l s of Abyssinia in 89 Bishops a n d 4,014 P r i e s t s L a Church. A m h a r i c , t h e vernacular of t h e bour in t h e L o r d ' s Vineyard. country. In 1924 R a s Tafari visited j D e t r o i t . — T h e s t a n d of t h e CaE u r o p e w i t h a large n u m b e r of t h e influential m e n of t h e empire. On P e k i n g . — S t a t i s t i c s appended t o j tholic C h u r c h a n d Catholic educaJ u n e 21 h e paid his respects t o a c h a p t e r on t h e p r e s e n t s t a t e of i tional i n s t i t u t i o n s a g a i n s t C o m m u Pope P i u s X I , and paid a visit t o t h e Catholic C h u r c h in China, in | nism was p r a i s e d in an a d d r e s s det h e Ethiopic College which is in t h e C h i n a C h r i s t i a n Year-Book | livered before a p a t r i o t i c g r o u p c h a r g e of t h e Capuchin F a t h e r s . 1935, show t h a t t h e r e are now 89 I known as T h e Y o u n g A m e r i c a n s , T h e following day h e w e n t u p to Catholic bishops in China, 14 of I yesterday, b y H o m e r T. Chialleaux, F r a s c a t i to do homage t o t h e m e - whom a r e Chinese. Nine of t h e j a national official of t h e A m e r i c a n m o r y of Cardinal Massaia, t h e bishops a r e coadjutors or auxili- Legion and a m e m b e r of t h e MeApostle of Abyssinia and friend of aries. T h e r e a r e also eight Chinese thodist C h u r c h . "When I t u r n to t h e Catholic h i s F a t h e r , who passed t h e r e t h e and 20 foreign prefects apostlic. Church," h e said, " I find no priest declining y e a r s of his life and The c h a p t e r is w r i t t e n by t h e in h e r pulpits t a i n t e d w i t h Comfound t h e r e his grave. Bishop J a r o s s e a u who h a s been Rev. F r e d e r i c k C. Dietz, M.M., Se- munism. W h e n I t u r n to t h e Caguiding t h e Catholic flock of c r e t a r y of t h e Synodal Commission tholic universities and colleges I Abyssinia for t h e last t h i r t y - at P e k i n g and Director of t h e Lu- find not one of t h e four radical anc\ j Communistic y o u t h o r g a n i s a t i o n s I four years, may trust t h a t men N e w s Agency. ' have described for you t h i s after* his pupil on t h e t h r o n e of AbysT h e r e a r e now 4,014 Catholic sinia will always be on t h e priests in C h i n a ; 1,647 are Chinese. noon on t h e i r c a m p u s e s . T h a n k a l e r t t o defend t h e Catholic mis- Of t h e 1,148 b r o t h e r s in t h e coun- God t h e r e is discipline in t h e Casion a g a i n s t t h e intrigues of t h e t r y , m o r e t h a n one half a r e tholic C h u r c h a n d t h e Catholic schismatic Abyssinian clergy and Chinese. T h e r e a r e 3,319 Chinese university a n d college. Would t h a t we had s o m e of it in o u r P r o t e s t h e open persecution of t h e Mos- and 1,831 foreign sisters. t a n t c h u r c h e s a n d in o u r non-Calem rulers. He placed t h e native T h e i m p o r t a n t p a r t played by tholic S t a t e u n i v e r s i t i e s . " Catholic clergy, whom he had rear(N.C.W.C) ed these m a n y years, under t h e lay a s s i s t a n t s in Catholic missionjurisdiction of one of t h e i r own.^ a r y w o r k in China is evident from T h e p r e s e n t Catholic population Apparently, it was due to political* the imposing n u m b e r s of n a t i v e considerations t h a t t h e flourishing Catholic i n s t r u c t o r s . There a r e a t of China is 2,702,468, r e p r e s e n t i n g missions on t h e border of t h e Ita- p r e s e n t 11,833 catechists a n d 14,- a n increase of 78,908 d u r i n g t h e Catechulian colony of E r i t r e a were t a k e n 932 school t e a c h e r s employed by preceding 12 m o n t h s . a w a y from t h e French Capuchins Catholic missionaries. T h e c a t e - m e n s , o r p e r s o n s s t u d y i n g Catholic and e n t r u s t e d to an Italian mis- chists increased b y 500 d u r i n g t h e doctrine in p r e p a r a t i o n for B a p year, and t h e t e a c h e r s by 2,100. sionary congregation. t i s m , now t o t a l 465,000. (Fides.) 1


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y . 24th AUGUST^

10 R A T E S O F SUBSCRIPTION Pott Free, Local and Aoroad:

12 6 3

Months Months Months

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$6.00 $3.00 $1.50

All correspondence and literary contributions should be addressed to The Managing Editor, Rev. R. Cordon, 7 3 , Bras Basah Road, Singapore. Tel. 7376, Singapore.

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Saturday. 24th A u g u s t , 1935.

PERILS OF NATIONALISM.. Nationalism, as a system of State organisation, has for some years past been the most dynamic and disturbing element in international life. Students of politics have discussed the theory of the Totalitarian State from various angles and their resultant views have produced the dubious notion that the State when identified with race or nation becomes the absolute end of life. The influence of these contemporary experiments in arbitrary government upon* inter-State relations absorbs the keenest attention of statesmen and diplomats i n all those countries where political liberty yet survives. The designs of the Communist dictatorship of Russia upon the West were, for some years after the War, the principal anxiety of the Foreign Offices of other powers. But since the absorption of the Soviet oligarchy with its successive Five Year Plans and the growing fears of Japan's bellicose designs, the Bolshevik menace has come to be regarded as a thing of the past. The ebullient, but somewhat erratic genius of Mussolini at the head of a highly militarized Italy has proved for over a decade, a disquieting rather than a stabilising force in Europe. The upshot of this militant enthusiasm of the Italian dictator is being watched with breathless concern by the rest of the world, over the ItaloAbyssinian impasse which is assuming a more rueful complexion. Again the National Revolutionary Government of Germany under the Nazis which seeks to free itself from a feeling of inferiority complex, is striving fervidly for the regaining of the former national glory by persecution and oppression. ¥ e need hardly review the vile state of things prevailing in Germany now, in the matter of Church persecution, hounding out of Jews and mass sterilization of defectives. The cable news we have had over the week-end regarding these morbid affairs leave us quite clammy and speechless with horror. One is tempted to ask what these Totalitarian governments, parading in the name of Nationalism, have achieved for their own

nationals hitherto. They have merely littered two continents with human debris, as a visible manifestation of their pretended brotherhood. They have callousTHE DECAY OF HOME LIFEly denied the primordial rights of FASTER A N D CHEAPER AIR SERVICES. man and gone to the cruel excess h a v e t o f o r e g o t h e p l e a s u r e s and of withholding forcibly the natu- T h e Decay of Home Life. W h a t a j o y a n d consolation it diversions t h a t h a v e a n appeal for ral and elementary justice due to is for t h o s e w h o can look back on y o u n g people t h e y will be amply every thinking individual of repaid by t h e g r e a t e s t of h u m a n worshipping and rearing a family t h e h a p p y days a n d n i g h t s spent j o y s — t h e h a p p i n e s s of h o m e and in h o m e s where t h e family spirit of his own, without State inter- a n d C h r i s t i a n ideals h a v e been all for w h i c h i t s t a n d s . T h e ference. well m a i n t a i n e d a n d cherished. T h e realisation of p a r e n t a l d u t i e s , t h e We grant that every revolution sweet memories of happy h o m e life, fostering of t h e h o m e spirit, and for t h e f u t u r e c a n help t o nay, every violent change of w e fear, can only live with t h o s e as t ecare m t h e d e c a y of h o m e life which government within a State, has w h o h a v e passed t h e meridian of is so a p p a r e n t in m o s t of t h e life, t h o s e w h o h a v e known t h e forced a number of its subjects to j o ^ u l a n d consoling h o u r s spent families of t o - d a y . become fugitives. But never in a t t h e family fireside, t h o s e w h o the history of Western civilisation h a v e lived in t h e days of o u r F a s t e r , C h e a p e r A i r Services. has so great a population been g r a n d p a r e n t s w h e n m o t o r c a r T h e e s s e n t i a l s of a scheme, a t brought into being, as that which r i d e s , t a l k i n g pictures, a n d t h e present, u n d e r c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y r a d i o w e r e n o t a s so m a n y disembarrasses the majority of Euro- t r a c t i n g elements t o disturb t h e t h e B r i t i s h E m p i r e G o v e r n m e n t s pean Governments and fills every peace a n d t r a n q u i l i t y of t h e h o m e . a r e cheaper a i r p o s t a l fees a n d habitable nook and hovel of the Modern p a r e n t s a r e not so ''old t h e i n t r o d u c t i o n of s e v e r a l weekly T h e y a i r services b e t w e e n E n g l a n d and Near and Far East, in consequence f a s h i o n e d " t h e s e days. o t h e r p a r t s of t h e E m p i r e . a notion s t a r t m a r r i e d life with both of the Communist tyranny Sir F r e d e r i c W i l l i a m s , Director t h a t w h e n y o u n g t h e y should in Russia and the series of s h i r k t h e i r responsibilities; later, of Postal S e r v i c e s a n d h i s p a r t y Nationalist revolutions elsewhere w h e n t h e i r children a r e grown u p of four h a v e j u s t r e t u r n e d t o since 19IS. We are in a position t h e y will settle down to home life London a f t e r a 29,000 mile trip, to give facts and figures of these in e a r n e s t . T h e children a r e left out of w h i c h 12,000 miles were by air. Cheaper and refugees but the lack of space t o t h e s e r v a n t s , while t h e y indulge covered in mild relaxations, such a s , bridge f a s t e r a i r s e r v i c e s h a v e been disforbids us to do so in detail. p a r t i e s , pictures, social functions cussed w i t h t h e G o v e r n m e n t s of Let us just take the case of the a n d o t h e r diversions t h a t can Canada, I n d i a , A u s t r a l i a a n d N e w refugees in one country in Europe d r a w t h e m o u t of t h e house. T h e Zealand, a n d S i r F r e d e r i c t h i n k s and another in Asia. It is official- u n h a p p y spirit of restlessness g e t s t h e outlook i s m o s t encouraging. ly stated that there are to-day far into t h e i r blood, and when t h e I t is proposed t o h a v e t w o a i r mails a w e e k t o A u s t r a l i a with more unsettled Russian and Ger- t i m e comes t o s e t t l e down i t is one linking u p N e w Z e a l a n d ; t h r e e a l r e a d y too late. The children man refugees in France than in g r o w u p w i t h o u t t h e m o t h e r l y a week t o t h e S t r a i t s S e t t l e m e n t s ; any other country. China has c a r e a n d guiding influence so e s - four or five a week t o India, a n d had to put up with a steady in- sential for t h e t r a i n i n g of t h e t h r e e a w e e k t o K e n y a , w i t h two flux of Russian refugees, and it y o u n g . T h e s e y o u n g boys a n d going on t o C a p e T o w n . Incidentally, t h e j o u r n e y s t o A u s t r a l i a and is impossible for her to absorb the g i r l s follow t h e example of t h e i r India a r e figured o u t a t seven and p a r e n t s a n d keep o u t of t h e h o u s e refugee population under satis- a s m u c h a s possible. T h e d a n g e r s t w o and a h a l f d a y s respectively. factory conditions. The question of life h a v e n o t been poinled o u t This should m e a n t h a t Singapore of the Manchukuo government t o t h e m a n d t h e y a r e cast in a would be r e a c h e d in f o u r and a being able to settle or assimilate world t h a t t h e y know v e r y little half d a y s — w h a t a boom for our houses. A In t h e m e a n t i m e t h e go-ahead b u s i n e s s the White Russians seems rather a b o u t . p a r e n t s grow o l d ; t h e i r c o m p a n y t h r e e - p e n n y a i r p o s t is considered delicate, since the League of is n o longer appreciated, y o u n g e r t h e most r e a s o n a b l e c h a r g e and it Nations cannot influence such a rivals displace t h e m a t p a r t i e s a n d is expected t h a t t h e o t h e r governmove. Such a decision entirely t h e i r vigour a n d h i l a r i t y h a v e m e n t s will c o n f o r m t o t h i s r a t e . depends on the humanitarian faded a w a y . T h e children t h e y N a t u r a l l y , t h e s e additional serdictates of Japan. Again, there h a v e neglected when y o u n g a r e vices will m e a n h e a v y e x p e n d i t u r e t in t h e h o m e to keep t h e m for the purchase of flying are undeveloped countries, such cnoom p a n y , t h e y h a v e no comforting machines, e q u i p m e n t a n d staff, as parts of Brazil, the Argentine, influence t o cling t o a t a time w h e n b e t t e r l a n d i n g s t a g e s a n d expert Paraguay and Venezuela where, t h e y need it most, and instead of ground o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; b u t with with effective organization and J h a p p i n e s s a n d consolation t h e y good s u p p o r t , ( a n d t h e r e is no adequate funds, large groups of h a v e discontent a n d r e m o r s e . doubt a b o u t t h e value of t h e s e colonists could be advantageously P a r e n t s m a k e h o m e life and t h e services f o r b u s i n e s s m e n and children should b e b r o u g h t u p t o firms) t h e initial expenditure settled. But who is to bear the g r o w so fond of home t h a t no should soon b e covered. cost of transporting these unfor- o t h e r place will hold such j o y for It is h o p e d t h a t all business tunate souls and have them t h e m . I n s t e a d of sacrificing t h i s houses will a p p r e c i a t e t h e a m settled on a new soil? Had the real a n d l a s t i n g pleasure for ones enities offered b y t h e speeding up prestige and power of the League t h a t a r e purely illusory, o u r y o u n g of c o m m u n i c a t i o n s ; a n d t h e tenm a r r i e d people should s t a r t buildremained unimpaired an Inter- ing t h e i r homes from t h e begin- dency t o k e e p m o s t of t h e corresnational Supervisory Committee n i n g of t h e i r m a r r i e d life. If t h e y pondence f o r t h e week-end service should be avoided. of the League could be formed to THE HOLY SEE AND THE ABYSSINIAN DISPUTE. find and administer funds for the settling of refugees in these parT h e M a n c h e s t e r Guardian's Dip- ing i n t e n s e p a r t i s a n s h i p t h a t is tially developed lands. lomatic Correspondent w r i t e s : even felt a s f a r a w a y a s in J a p a n . The untold miseries that re" A l t h o u g h t h e Vatican naturally It is k n o w n t h a t Islam h a s m a d e fugees have to undergo, being p r e s e r v e s t h e completest reticence much p r o g r e s s in Africa. T h e asscattered under stressful condi- over t h e Abyssinian dispute, t h e r e sault of a Catholic P o w e r on a reasons for believing t h a t native, t h o u g h C h r i s t i a n , S t a t e tions in foreign lands, are an aitr et hgood o r o u g h l y dislikes t h e prospect situated in t h e h e a r t of t h e Islaunmistakable proof of the perils of a n Abyssinian w a r . mic world c a n n o t b u t h a v e a far and futilities of the Totalitarian N o t only is t h e Vatican opposed reaching effect on t h e p r e s t i g e of form of government. The woes t o a g g r e s s i v e w ars of any kind t h e C h r i s t i a n religion in Africa, that afflict the body will also tend but, in t h i s case, it is bound t o and even in A s i a . t h e effect an Abyssinian A f u r t h e r consideration t h a t can to detract the well-being of the consider w a r m a y h a v e on t h e a t t i t u d e of hardly fail t o m o v e t h e Vatican is soul. So it naturally transpires, . t h e non-Christian to t h e C h r i s t i a n t h a t Catholic missions have been from what we see around us, that world. Abyssinia is a C h r i s t i a n treated w i t h h o s p i t a l i t y in Abyssiarrogant Nationalism, which seeks S t a t e , a l t h o u g h i t s Christianity is nia. T h e y h a v e been able to m a k e j to subvert divine and natural of a peculiar kind, b u t she is also it a kind of b a s e for work f a r t h e r of t h e independent n a t i v e afield. T h e f u t u r e of t h i s base j tenets must of necessity end in tSht ea t elast s in Africa, and even now t h e must b e considered doubtful now i disastrous failure. d a n g e r t h a t t h r e a t e n s h e r is a r o u s - t h a t w a r h a s become a possibility."

NOTES A N D COMMENTS!

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11

GOSPEL

NAZIS D E V A S T A T E CATHOLIC CHURCHYARD. EFFIGY OF PRIEST ON GALLOWS.

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Berlin, A u g u s t 1 8 . — F u r t h e r inELEVENTH SUNDAY A F T E R PENTECOST. cidents in t h e Nazi w a r a g a i n s t ( M a r k , VII, 31-37.) J e w s a n d Catholics h a v e occurred in v a r i o u s p a r t s of t h e c o u n t r y . A t t h a t time, J e s u s going out of t h e coasts of T y r e , came by Over f o r t y g r a v e s w e r e d e v a s t a t e d Sidon t o t h e s e a of Galilee, through t h e midst of t h e c o a s t s of in t h e Catholic c h u r c h y a r d a t Decapolis. And t h e y b r i n g to him one deaf a n d d u m b , a n d Scheandorf, upper Palatinate t h e y besought h i m t h a t h e would lay h i s h a n d upon h i m . A n d w h e r e wooden crosses over t h e t a k i n g h i m from t h e m u l t i t u d e a p a r t , h e p u t h i s fingers i n t o h i s g r a v e s of impecunious Catholics e a r s , a n d spitting, h e touched his t o n g u e ; a n d looking u p t o heawere b r o k e n o r rooted up a n d an ven, h e groaned a n d said t o him, E p h p h e t a , which is, B e t h o u effigy of a Catholic p r i e s t h a n g i n g o p e n e d : a n d immediately h i s ears were opened, a n d t h e s t r i n g of h i s from a gallows formed p a r t of a t o n g u e w a s loosed, a n d h e spoke r i g h t . A n d h e c h a r g e d t h e m t h a t procession of e i g h t lorries a t t h e y should tell no m a n ; b u t t h e m o r e h e charged t h e m , s o m u c h Breslau. T h e lorries were filled t h e m o r e a g r e a t deal did t h e y publish i t ; a n d so m u c h t h e m o r e with s t o r m t r o o p e r s s h o u t i n g slodid t h e y wonder, s a y i n g , H e h a t h done all t h i n g s well; H e h a t h g a n s a i m e d a t Catholics and J e w s . m a d e b o t h t h e deaf t o h e a r , and t h e d u m b t o speak. T h e M a y o r of D o r t m u n d h a s forCOMMENTARY. bidden J e w s t o u s e t h e municipal p a w n s h o p s while a t Oldenburg, T h i s miracle contains a precious c r i m e s , t h e sinner w h o goes toi n o r t h - w e s t G e r m a n y , J e w s a r e lesson r e g a r d i n g o u r spiritual re- bed a t n i g h t with h i s consciences forbidden t o p a r t i c i p a t e in cattle s t o r a t i o n t o t h e life of grace. guilty of sin, without a n y remorse,[ sales.—Reuter. /'hen w e a r e deaf a n d d u m b t o sleeps q u i t e soundly a n d w a k e s [ I t h e calls of t h e C h u r c h a n d h e r u p t h e n e x t m o r n i n g t o continued u n i s t e r s , then, only a miracle will his o r d i n a r y life. H e goes to[ jibe able t o save u s from eternal c h u r c h , h e h e a r s s e r m o n s , but* CARDINAL D E P L O R E S VIOLAiamnation. n o t h i n g is able t o m a k e h i m l e a v e | TION O F REICH LAWS ON t h e occasion of sin. H e confides* Deaf a n d D u m b . in t h e infinite mercy of God \andj CURRENCY. T h e deaf a n d d u m b a r e persons s a y s h e will be saved, because Godjj Dwho d r a g on t h e i r lives without is h i s F a t h e r . H e m a y , occasion-o B e r l i n .—Germania Catholic I k n o w i n g t h e joys t h a t t h i s world ally t o please his friends ov\ T h e y live a life of relations, approach even a priestjj j o u r n a l of t h e Capital, h a s publish- can afford. ed t h e following s t a t e m e n t issued jjtbeir own, secluded from t h e r e s t t o m a k e h i s confession. H e con-jj from t h e c h a n c e r y of t h e A r c h - | o f m a n k i n d , a l w a y s handicapped fesses h i s sins, w i t h o u t s o r r o w s diocese of Cologne: oby t h e i r e a r s which do n o t h e a r w i t h o u t a firm purpose of amend-o H i s E m i n e n c e Carl J o s e p h Car- Hand t h e i r t o n g u e s w h i c h d o not m e n t . W h a t is t h a t confession, [ dinal Schulte, A r c h b i s h o p of Colo- jjspeak. A n d yet, t h e r e is a h e a r t t h e n ? Only a sacrilege m o r e . . . | g n e , h a s s e n t t h e following expla- jjbesting within t h e m s e l v e s . They W h a t is t h a t c o m m u n i o n ? Onlyij n a t i o n r e l a t i v e t o t h e violation of dhave ambitions, a s p i r a t i o n s , t h e y a n o t h e r s a c r i l e g e . . . H e h a s sol c u r r e n c y laws b y m e m b e r s of Reli- blove, t h e y h a t e . . . still, t h e y have m a n y a l r e a d y t o h i s account, that|! gious o r d e r s in t h e Archdiocese of !jno value for such feelings, t h e y one m o r e or one less does notjj Cologne: | a r e bound t o compel t h e m t o r e v e r t m a t t e r a t all. H e is called a goodjj " I wholly condemn a n d a s g r i e - | t o t h e i r origin. A l w a y s u n s a t i s - Catholic, a good h u s b a n d , a goodc vously deplore t h e violation of t h e afied, a l w a y s a i m i n g a t t h e liberty citizen, a good p a r i s h i o n e r . . .Hen c u r r e n c y r e g u l a t i o n a s well t h e fjof t h e i r e a r s a n d t o n g u e , t h e deaf t h i n k s t h a t h e is good. H e is al-|i p a s s i n g of c u r r e n c y out of t h e | a n d d u m b c o n c e n t r a t e t h e i r life in m o s t convinced of t h a t . H e sendsp c o u n t r y b y t h e A u g u s t i n i a n s of | t h e i r eyes. I do n o t k n o w if you h i s children t o Catholic Schools'. t h e Severin S t r a s s e a n d t h e V i n - ohave ever seen deep i n t o such H e m a k e s his paschal d u t y everyo c e n t i a n s a t Koen-Rippes. I t is oeyes! I have, a n d from m y per- y e a r , b u t w i t h o u t dispositions. Heo one of t h e s a d d e s t s u r p r i s e s a n d sonal experience I can s a y t h a t I defends h i s C h u r c h , h i s faith[ d i s a p p o i n t m e n t s of m y life - t h a t | h a v e n e v e r seen eyes s o eloquent, a g a i n s t a n y of his friends whojj t h e said t w o S i s t e r s , influenced b y aso t o u c h i n g . I do n o t t h i n k a n y d a r e s t o a t t a c k it before h i m . He^ t h e advice of individuals, h a v e | o n e will b e able t o r e s i s t such seldom misses Mass on a S u n d a y ;o yielded, f o r I h a d already w a r n e d | p l e a d i n g eyes. O u r s y m p a t h y goes a n y h o w h e is n o t v e r y particular^ t h e m in a decree of December 10, | t o t h e m a t once a n d t h e y know it. a b o u t it. H e does n o t e a t m e a t a t [ 1931." (N.C.W.C.) aThey a r e glad t o find in u s a kind h o m e on F r i d a y s , because h i s wife[ I h e a r t , a n d , because t h e y a r e unable is v e r y careful r e g a r d i n g t h i s point, i fjto s a y " t h a n k y o u , " t h e y roll their H e b o a s t s of it, h e declares toe | e y e s in t h e most graceful m a n n e r one a n d all t h a t h e p r a c t i s e s his[ MASS CONVERSION IN | a n d we understand them, religion a s t h e best Catholics do.£ a Still, t h e r e is a difference bet- Of course, when h e is out, in thejj BELGIAN AFRICA. | w e e n a corporal deaf a n d dumb c o m p a n y of h i s friends, h e doesn | a n d a spiritual one. n o t m i n d t h e law of abstinence.^ One w h o is deaf a n d d u m b in H u m a n respect forbids h i m t o dojj Abumobazi, ( U b a n g h i , Belgian | C o n g o ) — A n o t h e r m a s s m o v e m e n t ahis body knows it. H e u n d e r s t a n d s so. A s f a r a s t h e 6 t h a n d 7th< of conversions is r e p o r t e d in t h e fjhis position, a n d h i s m a i n ambition c o m m a n d m e n t s a r e concerned, hep district of Libonge, in Belgian fjis t o h e a r and t o s p e a k ; h e tries h a s v e r y peculiar ideas on t h e m . U b a n g h i , w h e r e F a t h e r Fridelin, jjhis b e s t t o come into c o n t a c t with H e expects his wife t o be faithful [ of t h e Belgian Capuchins, is ins- • t h e o u t w a r d world. H e spends his t o h i m , b u t , of course, h e thinks* t r u c t i n g 2,374 c a t e c h u m e n s in p r e - Imoney t o consult specialists and h e c a n h a v e h i s h e a r t ' s contents p a r a t i o n for B a p t i s m . I n t h e fjmany t i m e s his efforts a r e crowned once in a way. H e still t h i n k s t h a t i group t h e r e is a n influential chief. | w i t h success. H e h e a r s , h e speaks, c o m m a n d m e n t s w e r e m a d e es-£ This m o v e m e n t is i m p o r t a n t in a On t h e other hand, one suffering pecially for women. H o n e s t y i s | U b a n g h i w h e r e m i s s i o n e r y w o r k aw ith deafness a n d d u m b n e s s in his t h e best policy, b u t d i s h o n e s t y in* was b e g u n a t a relatively r e c e n t |soul does not know it. H e lives, he b u s i n e s s , a s long a s it is n o t dis-c date a n d w h e r e t h e people a r e fjenjoys t h i s life a n d does not care covered, does no h a r m a t all. backward a n d uncivilized. I n s t a n c e s jjfor t h e j o y s of h i s soul's life, which In a word, such a good Catholic, [ of cannibalism a r e r e p o r t e d in t h i s aare t h e innumerous g r a c e s t h a t such a good h u s b a n d , such a good[ to t i m e . |God h a s in s t o r e for h i m . He citizen is deaf a n d d u m b . district from time jjlives, b e dies, q u i t e content, to (Fides) W h o will save h i m ? A miracleo jjawaken in t h e h a n d s of E t e r n a l only. H e cannot go, b y h i m s e l f j ojustice. W h a t a terrible l o t . . . t o t h e fountain of g r a c e , t o J e s u s . W h o is Deaf and D u m b ? H e m u s t be b r o u g h t b y o t h e r s . M O D E L I N D U S T R I A L SCHOOL T h e sinner who is not afraid to ' ' A n d t h e y b r i n g to h i m one deafjj add a mortal sin m o r e t o his a n d d u m b . . . . " OF S A L E S I A N F A T H E R S . T

Hongkong, ( C h i n a ) — T h e n e w Aberdeen I n d u s t r i a l School, which was opened by t h e Salesian F a t h e r s recently, is a model m o d e r n school in s t r u c t u r e a n d e q u i p m e n t . It was erected a t a cost of 203,000 Hongkong dollars, c o n t r i b u t e d b y persons i n t e r e s t e d in Catholic missionary work. T h e Govern(Fides). ment provided t h e site.

I N D I A N B I S H O P TO CELEBRATE SILVER JUBILEE. Tuticorin. ( I n d i a ) — T h e Most Rev. Francis T. Reehs, S. J., Bishop of Tuticorin, t h e first In-

dian Bishop of t h e L a t i n r i t e , will observe t h e Silver J u b i l e e of h i s Ordination October 2. H e w a s ordained a t Kursoong, Bengal, in 1919, by t h e late A r c h b i s h o p Meuleman, Archbishop of Calcutta, and w a s named Bishop of T u t i corin in 1923. (Fides)

DIOCESE OF MALACCA. Calendar for t h e week. August 25. Sunday—11th SUNDAY A F T E R P E N T E C O S T . Mass a n d Vespers of t h e Sunday. A u g u s t 2 6 . Monday—St. Zephyrinus, P . a n d M. August 27. Tuesday—St. Joseph Calasanz, C. August 28. Wednesday—St. Augustine, B . and D. August 29. Thursday—THE B E H E A D I N G O F ST. J O H N BAPTIST. A u g u s t 3 0 . F r i d a y — S t . Rose of Lima, V . August 3 1 . Saturday—St. Raym u n d N o n n a t u s , C.

DIOCESE OF MACAO. CHURCH OF ST. JOSEPH. C a l e n d a r for t h e week. August 25. Sunday—Eleventh S u n d a y a f t e r Pentecost. Semidouble. Green vestments. P r o p e r of t h e Mass in t h e "Small Missal" p . 2 1 1 . Second collect of t h e Bl. Michael d e C a r v a l h o a n d Comp. M a r t y r s , t h i r d f o r t h e Pope p. 6 0 . Credo. Preface of t h e B l . T r i n i t y . Vespers of t h e S u n day a t 5 p.m. A u g u s t 2 6 . Monday—St. Z e p h y rinus, Pope and Martyr, Simple. August 27. Tuesday—St. Joseph Calasanctius, Confessor. Double. August 2 8 . W e d n e s d a y — S t . A u g ustine, B . C. D. Double. A u g u s t 29. T h u r s d a y — T h e B e h e a d i n g of S t . J o h n t h e B a p tist. Greater-double. A u g u s t 3 0 . F r i d a y — S t . Rose of Lima, Virgin. Double. E v e n ing service a t 5.30. August 3 1 . Saturday—St. Raymond Nonnatus, Confessor. Double. N E W PUBLICATION. PAPAL SUPREMACY PROVED FROM JACOBITE DOCUMENTS.

Alweye, India—"Papal Supremacy Proved from Jacobite D o c u m e n t s " is t h e title of a n e w publication of t h e Sacred H e a r t s ' League, of t h e Apostolic S e m i n a r y here, w r i t t e n by T h o m a s . I n c h i of t h e Archdiocese of kalodil, Trivandrum, a student at t h e seminary. A r e u n i t e d Catholic of r e c e n t d a t e a n d t h e a u t h o r of some i n t e r e s t i n g w o r k s on apologetics, w r i t ten before h e w a s called upon t o e n t e r t h e Seminary, Mr. Inchikalo^ dil is learned in J a c o b i t e liturgical and historical documents, and h a s i n t i m a t e a c q u a i n t a n c e with t h e m e m b e r s of t h e J a c o b i t e C h r i s t i a n Community. A m o n g Jacobite h i s t o r i a n s cited is G r e g o r i u s B a r H e b r a e u s , w h o bears t e s t i m o n y t h a t a f t e r consec r a t i n g a Bishop a t Antioch, S t . P e t e r w e n t t o Rome, w h e r e h e reigned for 25 y e a r s . In t h e t h i r d c h a p t e r of t h e book, t h e a u t h o r cites t h e Jacobite H o o d a y a C a n o n s , codified from t h e acts of t h e early oecumenical councils b y B a r H e b r a e u s , w h e r e i n t h e following o c c u r s : " T h e r e s h a l l be four P a t r i a r c h s in t h e f o u r corners of t h e world, t h e h e a d (Reich in S y r e a c ) of which shall be t h e o n e in R o m e . " In t h i s connection, t h e a u t h o r lays e m p h a s i s on t h e fact t h a t about a c e n t u r y back, t w o litigant p a r t i e s a m o n g t h e Malabar J a c o bites e x h i b i t e d t h i s d o c u m e n t in s u p p o r t of t h e i r opposing contentions i n T r a v a n c o r e High C o u r t . (N.C.W.C.)


MALAYA

12

CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 24th AUGUST,

THE LATEST WORLD STATISTICS. CATHOLICS COUNT 375 MILLIONS. By. Rev. I- C. HOUPERT, S. J. W i t h t h e h e l p of t h e m o s t r e c e n t official e n u m e r a t i o n s , non-official information and private evaluations t h e n u m b e r of m e n on e a r t h in 1932 h a s b e e n f o u n d t o b e o v e r t w o m i l l i a r d s , e x a c t l y 2,053,583,460. T h e y a r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s follows (all in m i l l i o n s ) : Africa 154V2, A m e r i c a 2 5 5 ^ ; A s i a 1,061; E u r o p e 510 a n d Oceania 72. I n t h e n u m b e r for A s i a t h e population of C h i n a i s t a k e n a s 450 millions. R e a d e r s i n t e r e s t e d in t h e m a t t e r will find it all in L e s Religions d u M o n d e ( w i t h coloured g r a p h s , b y t h e A b b e A . D ' E s p i e r r e ; 1935, 2 n d e d i t . 3 6 p p . (Union Missiona i r e d e clergg 40 R u e du Meridien, B r u x e l e s ( 3 ) ; price 1.60 b e l g a s ) . T h e t a b l e s c o n t a i n details f o r e v e r y c o u n t r y a n d f o r every colony a n d d a t i n g f r o m 1931 t o 1943, w i t h due references to authorities. W e s h a l l give h e r e t h e s u b s t a n c e f r o m t h e r e l i g i o u s p o i n t of view. W h a t is t h e n u m b e r of Catholics in t h e world a t p r e s e n t ?—375 mill i o n s ; t h e n u m b e r of o t h e r C h r i s tians (Protestant and schismatic)— 329 m i l l i o n s ; t h a t of t h e J e w s , 16 m i l l i o n s ; of M u s l i m s , 260 millions a n d t h e r e m a i n d e r 1,072 millions. In o t h e r w o r d s , a b o u t o n e fifth (18.3 p e r c e n t ) of o u r c o n t e m p o r a r i e s a r e Catholics a n d all totalled m o r e t h a n o n e - t h i r d (34.3 p e r cent) are Christians. Muslims c o m e in f o r 12.6 p e r c e n t ; B u d d h i s t s for 10.4 p e r cent, H i n d u s a n d A n i m i s t s in I n d i a for 12.5 p e r c e n t a n d Confucianists for 17.4 p e r c e n t . B u t t h e w o r d s Hindu, B u d d h i s t a n d Confucianist a r e g e n e r i c n a m e s , still m o r e t e r o g e n e o u s t h a n t h e word P r o t e s t a n t ' V h i c h a p plies t o 400 different s e c t s . " T h e r e is l i t t l e u n i t y a m o n g m e n in belief a n d p r a c t i c e o u t s i d e t h e Catholic C h u r c h . T h a t " c i t y set on a h i l l " is t h e C y n o s u r e of all eyes, t h a n k s to its unmistakable marks or notes of U n i t y , Holiness, U n i v e r s a l i t y and unchanging Identity. And t h e admiration grows with every g a i n in knowledge of Catholic life a n d Catholic belief. W h a t is t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n of t h o s e 375 million Catholics by different c o n t i n e n t s ? W e find in E u r o p e 210 millions, in A m e r i c a 136 millions, in A f r i c a 8 millons, in A s i a ( w i t h t h e Philippines) 19 millions a n d in Oceania 2 millions. More t h a n half (namely 53 p e r c e n t ) of A m e r i c a a n d two-fifths (or 4 1 p e r c e n t ) of E u r o p e a r e Catholic. Only less t h a n one-seventh (15.4 p e r c e n t ) of A m e r i c a and o n e - f o u r t h (24.9 p e r c e n t ) of E u r o p e a r e Protestant. It must however be a d d e d t h a t 30 millions in E u r o p e a n d 72 millions in N o r t h A m e r i c a a r e classified a s indifferent. I n 14 independent c o u n t r i e s of E u r o p e , Catholics form a n absolute G I U S E P P E V A R E , FOSTER BROTHER OF POPE, D I E S . V a t i c a n City.—Giuseppe V a r e , f o s t e r b r o t h e r of H i s Holiness Pope P i u s X I , h a s died a t Desio, t h e b i r t h p l a c e of t h e Pope, a t t h e a g e of 7 8 . When Monsignor Ratti was app o i n t e d A r c h b i s h o p of Milan, p e r sons, who congratulated his foster

majority (over 50 p e r c e n t ) . These are: A u s t r i a , Belgium, F r a n c e , Czekoslovakia, A n d o r r a , Hungary, Italy, Lichtenstein, L i t h u a n i a , L u x e m b u r g , Morroco, Poland, P o r t u g a l a n d of course t h e V a t i c a n City. B t t h e Catholic population of F r a n c e is reckoned a t 37 millions, or 89.5 p e r cent, and P r o t e s t a n t s a t o n e million. A g a i n some 20 independent c o u n t r i e s of A m e r i c a a r e entirely or m o s t l y Catholic. T h e s e a r e Mexico, G u a t m a l a , H o n d u r a s , E l Salvador, N i c a r a g u a , Costa-Rica, P a n a m a , Cuba, H a i t i , Domingo, Columbia, Venezuela, Brazil, U r u g u a y , A r g e n t i n e , Chili, P a r a g u a y , Bolivia, P e r u and E c u a d o r . I n five o t h e r E u r o p e a n countries Catholics a r e a s t r o n g minority, n a m e l y in G e r m a n y , Lettonia, Holland, Jugo-Slavia a n d Switzerland. ^ F i n a l l y you m a y a s k , w h a t is t h e Catholic s t r e n g t h in w h a t t h e y call t h e seven B i g N a t i o n s of t h e w o r l d ? F o r I t a l y , F r a n c e and G e r m a n y we h a v e a l r e a d y answered. I n t h e four o t h e r s Catholics a r e a m i n o r i t y ; b u t if w e join with t h e m all t h e o t h e r C h r i s t i a n s , t h e n t h e t o t a l p e r c e n t a g e of C h r i s t i a n s is, in R u s s i a 70.3 p e r cent, in g r e a t B r i t a i n a n d N o r t h e r n Ireland 94.7 p e r cent, in t h e United S t a t e s of A m e r i c a 40.6 p e r cent a n d in J a p a n , only 1.5 p e r cent. T h u s J a p a n is t h e only nonC h r i s t i a n nation a m o n g t h e seven g r e a t powers. T h e p e r c e n t a g e for t h e United S t a t e s is so reduced, because unf o r t u n a t e l y half t h e n u m b e r of its i n h a b i t a n t s (55 p e r c e n t ) a r e not a t t a c h e d to a n y C h r i s t i a n denomination. A point of special i n t e r e s t t o us is t h a t in B r i t i s h India, B u r m a a n d t h e Indian S t a t e s t h e Christ i a n s a r e 1-9 p e r cent of t h e total population, in F r e n c h I n d i a 8-8 per cent, in P o r t u g u e s e I n d i a 58.4 per cent a n d in Ceylon 9 p e r cent. T h e "Missionary A n n a l s " of M a y m e n t i o n t h a t in 75 y e a r s t h e Catholic Church h a d a n increase of seven millions in A f r i c a : a t pres e n t t h e anual g r o w t h is by hundred t h o u s a n d . F o r India t h e r a t e is m u c h slower, y e t full of h o p e if m o r e m e a n s a n d men are forthcoming. A t a n y r a t e one s t r i k i n g fact is b r o u g h t out by t h e careful s u r v e y we h a v e j u s t made a n d it is t h i s . In o u r own day t h e Catholic C h u r c h r e m a i n s for mankind t h e g r e a t s p i r i t u a l force for uplift and p r o g r e s s , t h e unfailing H A o o n of l i g h t and t h e only centre of t r u t h a n d hope, w h e n all other creeds, except p e r h a p s Islam, dissolve or crumble t o pieces. ( F r o m " T h e Catholic Leader," India). C

brother heard him reply: ''He h a s not y e t finished his career." Six m o n t h s l a t e r Achille R a t t i a s cended t h e C h a i r of S t . P e t e r . On t h a t occasion, a j o u r n a l i s t asked S i g n o r V a r e w h a t h e t h o u g h t of it, a n d t h e l a t t e r , w h o w a s by t r a d e a cobbler, a n s w e r e d : " I am sorry I can no longer m a k e h i m p r e s e n t s of slippers of m y m a k i n g , for now h e will w e a r t h e m m a d e of silk and i gold." (N.C.W.C.)

Jflg^

DIVORCE COURTS FLOODED WITH SUITS. " R U S H " METHODS EMPLOYED THROUGH THEM.

TO GET

T h e t h i n g is a scandal, but it W e publish below a s c a t h i n g a r t i c l e which Mr. J a m e s Douglas w o r k s . T h e f e a r of publicity i s contributed last m o n t h to t h e no longer a d e t e r r e n t . T h e r e a r e Daily E x p r e s s . In o r d e r t o gain no crowds in t h e g a l l e r y of T h e first-hand knowledge of t h i s un- Court. I counted t h r e e s p e c t a t o r s lovely business, Mr. Douglas s p e n t in one C o u r t . d r e a r y days in w h a t h e calls " t h e T h e i n c r e a s e in collusive divordim, irreligious l i g h t " of t h e Di- ces is l a r g e l y due t o t h e corrupvorce C o u r t in Fleet S t r e e t . H e tion of m o r a l i t y by o u r licentious w r i t e s : " W h e n t h e T r i n i t y L a w novelists w h o a r e poisoning t h e s i t t i n g s opened t h e divorce j u d g e s n a t i o n b y t h e i r glorification of l u s t w e r e drowned in a tidal w a v e of a in t h e g u i s e of love. t h o u s a n d undefended cases and 356 T h e y a r e t h e real w r e c k e r s of defended cases. m a r r i a g e a n d t h e h o m e . T h e foulT h e flood of undefended divorces ness of o u r m o d e r n novels b e g g a r s h a s deranged t h e whole m a c h i n e r y description. If t h e critic denounof j u s t i c e . T h e J u r y s y s t e m h a s ces t h e m h e m a k e s t h e m best selbeen scrapped. T h e r e is no t i m e lers. T h e circulating libraries cirf o r J u r y actions. culate filth w i t h i m p u n i t y . T h e I studied t h e n e w t e c h n i q u e police n o longer p r o t e c t t h e decent which Bench and B a r h a v e inventpublic a g a i n s t o u t r a g e s on deed t o b a t t l e w i t h t h e a r r e a r s which t h e y can never o v e r t a k e , no m a t - cency. A n y g i r l or a n y boy can wallow t e r how desperately t h e y bustle. T h e r e is a frantic race a g a i n s t in filth w i t h o u t t h e knowledge of t h e clock. Evidence is c u t down t h e i r p a r e n t s . T h e soul of t h e n a t i o n is defiled ruthlessly, relentlessly and r e m o r selessly. T h e dazed witnesses a r e daily. o u t of t h e box before t h e y h a v e Girls m a r r y w i t h o u t reverence t i m e t o pull themselves t o g e t h e r . for t h e s a n c t i t y of m a r r i a g e . T h e y T h e legal legerdemain m a d e m e openly avow t h a t t h e y c a n g e t a g a s p . E v e r y loophole for collu- divorce w h e n e v e r t h e y choose. sion is wide open. T h e e t e r n a l T h e decay of m o r a l i t y is linked hotel c h a m b e r m a i d is in a n d out w i t h t h e decay of religion. W e of t h e w i t n e s s box in a flash. | a r e a d y i n g r a c e b e c a u s e we no T h e p r i v a t e detective p l a y s t h e longer believe in m a r r i a g e as a g a m e of h u s t l e a s a Culbertson life-long s a n c t u a r y . p l a y s bridge. No d e t a i l s ! H e does T h e soul of t h e n a t i o n can be n o t w a s t e a second. Ludicrous saved if we defend t h e holiness of misunderstandings occur. T h e y t h e h o m e and t h e family. T h e a r e packed u p w i t h indecent h a s t e . law h a s b e t r a y e d u s . T h e C h u r T h e w r o n g p h o t o g r a p h is hurled ches h a v e b e t r a y e d u s . B u t we a t a witness. T h e r i g h t p h o t o can be saved of o u r y o u t h will g r a p h is h a s t i l y s u b s t i t u t e d f o r rebel a g a i n s t all t h e s e b e t r a y a l s t h e w r o n g one and t h e case is over w r o u g h t b y dead law, dead relia l m o s t before it s t a r t e d . gion, a n d l i t e r a r y p l a g u e - m o n g e r s . T h e divorce Courts a r e soaked I n s t e a d of s a y i n g " t h e Chura n d sodden w i t h p e r j u r y . c h e s " M r . Douglas m i g h t h a v e T h e divorce-mill g r i n d s out colgiven Catholics t h e i r d u e . lusion because it w o r k s a t h i g h (The Tablet). speed. A CATHOLIC P R I M E M I N I S T E R OF AN INDIAN STATE. M a d r a s ( I n d i a ) . — A Telegu Catholic, Mr. Soma J o s e p h Reddi, h a s been appointed Dewan, or P r i m e M i n i s t e r of Bobbili, a s t a t e of easte r n India ruled by a n a t i v e prince. T h i s is t h e second i n s t a n c e of a Catholic being selected for t h i s h i g h a n d responsible position by a Hindu R a j a h . T h e late Mr. T h a m boo C h e t t y , a Catholic, w a s P r i m e Minister of t h e R a j a h of Mysore. T h e R a j a h of Bobbili is a t pres e n t t h e Chief M i n i s t e r w i t h t h e G o v e r n m e n t of M a d r a s . (Fides.) E F F O R T S TO C O U N T E R CAT H O L I C ACTION I N K E N Y A BY M O S L E M S .

FURTHER DETAILS OF REDS' DESCENT

ON

MOSIMIEN.

Peiping.—According t o advices received in a l e t t e r f r o m Bishop S. P . Valention, of Tatsienlu, Sikang, f o u r F r a n c i s c a n s , not t w o — a s previously reproted—,weVre t a k e n captive by t h e C o m m u n i s t s w h e n t h e y descended upon t h e t o w n a n d leper a s y l u m of Mosimi. en, a d i s t a n c e of 3 d a y s travel from Tatsienlu. The four Franciscans were F a t h e r Superior Placido, F a t h e r E p i p h a n i u s P e g o r a r o , a n d t h e two B r o t h e r s , Pascal a n d Nazaire, T h e last mentioned w a s released s h o r t l y after capture. Father Placido r e m a i n e d in c u s t o d y for eight days. W h e n h e w a s liberated by j t h e R e d s , h e w a s so completely e x h a u s t e d t h a t h i s d e a t h seemed i m m i n e n t . F a t h e r P e g o r a r o and B r o Pascal w e r e retained and were led a w a y w h e n t h e Reds left t h e district.

N y e r i , (Kenya Colony, B r i t i s h E a s t A f r i c a ) — L e a d e r s of Catholic Action in E a s t Africa h a v e assembled a t Mombasa t o decide upon w a y s of c o m b a t i n g t h e Moslem p r o p a g a n d a in t h e B r i t i s h Colonies of E a s t Africa p r o m o t e d and The Communists, states the financed by Indian Moslems. T h e two chief exponents of t h e letter, n u m b e r m o r e t h a n 30,000. Indian m o v e m e n t in K e n y a Colony, Upon r e s u m i n g t h e i r m a r c h n o r t h Mr. S h a m s ud Din and Dr. R a n a ward, t h e y took w i t h t h e m all t h e h a v e gone t o India to collect funds foodstuffs t h e y could lay t h e i r for a Moslem m i s s i o n a r y society. h a n d s on a n d all o t h e r materials T h e y intend to r e c r u i t Moslems to ; t h e y could conveniently t r a n s p o r t . counteract Catholic missionary A s a result, t h e local population is w o r k in K e n y a Colony. ( F i d e s ) . in d i r e s t r a i t s . (Lumen.)


13

Social Work in Rhodesia. A N A T I V E CONGRESS AT CHISHAWASHA

T h e r e a r e m a n y w h i t e people for whom one new idea per a n n u m is sufficient; b u t a n African missiona r y h a s t o work among people whose intellectual income h a s been s o m e t h i n g less t h a n t h a t in a c e n t u r y . New conditions have a r i s e n with t h e a d v e n t of civilised men a n d t h e letting loose of liberal notions. B u t t h e habit still r e m a i n s of leaving t h e business of t h i n k i n g t o t h e chief or t o t h e m i s s i o n a r y and t h e g o v e r n m e n t , who h a v e largely t a k e n t h e place of t h e chief. It is t h e y w h o a r e expected to devise ways and m e a n s , a n d t h e problem is to m a k e t h e natives understand that this cannoi be done to t h e i r a d v a n t a g e unless t h e y a r e willing to help on t h e process by t a k i n g a large s h a r e of the t h i n k i n g upon themselves. An a d v a n t a g e possessed b y t h e natives of Rhodesia is t h a t t h e i r affairs h a v e not been so long in t h e melting pot t h a t t h e r e is n o t h i n g left as a residue. E n o u g h land has been allotted t h e m t o leave room for m a n y times m o r e t h a n t h e i r p r e s e n t population; a n d ~ i ± e g o v e r n m e n t w o r k s for t h e i r welfare in close co-operation w i t h t h e missionaries. In t h e s e r e s p e c t s t h e y a r e f a r b e t t e r off t h a n t h e i r fellows in t h e more " a d v a n c e d " t e r r i t o r i e s f u r t h e r south. Moreover t h e i r m o r e fundamental economic g r i e v a n c e s a r e white g r i e vances t o o : for t h e white s e t t l e r s iind even t h e g o v e r n m e n t itself a r e equally u n d e r t h e power of t h e money-lenders who control credit and m a n i p u l a t e all production in the i n t e r e s t of international finance. Between w h i t e men and black t h e r e is t h u s a wide field for cooperation ; and t h e business of cooperation h a s already become an i m p o r t a n t p a r t of Catholic Action in South Africa. T h a t it should he so in his own Vicariate of Salisbury is t h e a r d e n t desire of B i s h o p A. Chichester who, t a k i n g a d v a n tage of t h e presence in S a l i s b u r y of several Catholic delegates attending t h e I n t e r n a t i o n a l T e a c h e r s ' Conference, invited t h e m to t a k e Part in a s u b s e q u e n t congress a t the neighbouring mission of Chishawasha. T h e congress was opened w i t h a Solemn H i g h Mass on S u n d a y

; | j j j

C e n t r e s To Be F o r m e d T h r o u g h o u t England.

MISSION.

(BY REV. J A M E S KENDAL, S J . , of t h e Vicariate A p o s t o l i c of S a l i s b u r y ) . The c o m m u n i s t way of g e t t i n g b a c k w a r d people t o think for themselves is t o rivet t h e i r a t t e n tion on t h e i r grievances w h e t h e r real o r i m a g i n a r y and, if no s e n s e of g r i e v a n c e exists, to s t i r it u p b y ingenious m e t h o d s of p r o p a g a n d a . In t h i s t h e y h a v e t h e a d v a n t a g e of j t h e m i s s i o n a r i e s , since it is e a s i e r to a r o u s e suspicion in b a r b a r i c minds t h a n t o give t h e m g r o u n d s for confidence. It is easier to m a k e t h e m t h i n k t h a t t h e y are being p u t upon t h a n to p e r s u a d e t h e m t h a t t h e w a y out of t h e i r difficulties is largely in t h e i r own hands. W i t h t h e m t h e i r t r i b a l life and i m m e m o rial t r i b a l c u s t o m s a r e t h e n o r m a l t h i n g w i t h o u t a n y need of violent revolutions. You m a y rouse a beehive b y h e e i n g u p weeds in f r o n t of i t ; b u t all s o r t s of c o n t r i v a n c e s a r e needed to m a k e t h e bees build t h e i r combs n e a t l y in your s q u a r e f r a m e s and sections.

GUILD O F C A T H O L I C JOURNALISTS.

J u n e 8. T h e r e s t of t h e day and t h e t w o following d a y s w e r e devoted t o lectures a n d discussions. Wednesday, T h u r s d a y a n d F r i d a y w e r e occupied w i t h a r e t r e a t given in t h e n a t i v e l a n g u a g e by F r . A. B u r b r i d g e , S.J., t h e m o r e secular business of t h e Congress being r e s u m e d a n d finished on S a t u r d a y . U p w a r d s of 80 n a t i v e t e a c h e r s were p r e s e n t , besides a n u m b e r of h e a d m e n and o t h e r influential personages, w h o s e readiness to a d m i t n e w ideas and willingness to co-operate in r e d u c i n g t h e m t o practice w a s s t i m u l a t e d by lect u r e s a n d i n s t r u c t i o n s given not only b y E u r o p e a n s b u t b y some of t h e m o r e educated m e m b e r s of t h e i r own race. One address w a s given by a n a t i v e s i s t e r belonging to a newly formed religious cong r e g a t i o n for African women. P a p e r s were r e a d by native teachers and c a t e c h i s t s . T h e Government, too, was r e p r e s e n t e d in t h e nroceedings a n d an instructive lecture on t h e r e c e n t Land Apport i o n m e n t Act a n d t h e opportunities t h e r e b y afforded to a g r i c u l t u r i s t s in t h e r e s e r v e s w a s given by Mr. C. Bullock, t h e Chief N a t i v e Commissioner. Mr. T. L. Davis, Headm a s t e r of the G o v e r n m e n t N a t i v e T r a i n i n g School also addressed t h e g a t h e r i n g on t h e final purpose of t r u e education, which is to multiply good citizens and good Christians.

Members of t h e staffs of a n u m b e r of leading n e w s p a p e r s h a v e already joined a n organization called t h e National Guild of Catholic Journalists. T h e Guild, which h a s j u s t been established, h a s for its object t h e promotion of social relations b e t ween Catholic n e w s p a p e r m e n a n d women, free-lance w r i t e r s , a n d o t h e r s , and t h e provision of assista n c e for fellow m e m b e r s in t h e event of illness or u n e m p l o y m e n t . Centres a r e in process of e s t a b l i s h m e n t a t M a n c h e s t e r , Liverpool, a n d B i r m i n g h a m ; t h e Chaplain is F r . B e r n a r d Roe, St. E t h e l r e d a ' s Catholic C h u r c h , Ely Place, Holb o r n ; t h e Hon. S e c r e t a r y is Mr. E . M. D o w n e s ; and M r . Basil B a r h a m , of 3, P e r r y n Road, W . 3 , editor of t h e Contract J o u r n a l , is t h e hon. organizing S e c r e t a r y , from whom all p a r t i c u l a r s can be obtained. "Staffmen a r e eligible as m e m bers, and c o n t r i b u t o r s a s associates," Mr. B a r h a m told T h e Newspaper World. " A l t h o u g h t h e Guild h a s only been formed a little over a week we already h a v e t h e support of leading newspaper ! people," and he gave several wellj known n a m e s from v a r i o u s offices. Founder M e m b e r s W a n t e d . " T h e m e m b e r s h i p fee is only a nominal I s . a y e a r , " h e sard, "so t h e r e is no question of a l a r g e income. However, we h o p e t o be i able t o assist a n y m e m b e r s in dif| Acuities who are not already : receiving support—or sufficient | support—from t h e o t h e r n e w s j paper bodies. | "Founder members are wanted j in t h e large cities to assist in I spreading t h e m o v e m e n t . We h a v e i obtained t h e i n t e r e s t of a n u m b e r I of distinguished people, including j some as p a t r o n s . " — ( T h e Catholic I Medical Guardian, J u l y 1935).

L e c t u r e s on ' ' N a t i v e B a n k i n g . " " W e a l t h and W a s t e in Africa." "The Co-operative Movement" and " Adult Education" were given by F a t h e r B e r n a r d Huss, R.M.M., who is well known in South Africa a s a s t a u n c h friend of t h e n a t i v e s and a s a leading personality in t h e work of d r a w i n g t h e m and t h e i r w h i t e b r e t h r e n to- ! g e t h e r t o consult about t h e i r common i n t e r e s t s . It is intended t h a t t h e Congress shall be an a n n u a l affair ;and t h e r e is good reason to hope t h a t t h e seed sown in i t s first session will t a k e root sufficiently deep to prevent t h e need of b e g i n n i n g all over again when each session comes round. An i m m e d i a t e result of t h e Congress w a s t h e formation of a T e a c h e r s ' U n i o n ; and t h e existence of such a society is likely to prove a useful obstruction against t h e spreading of insidious propag a n d a a m o n g t h e natives. (Fides) COUNT McCORMACK ACCORDED W E L C O M E . An audience which included a g r e a t n u m b e r of Catholics extended a rousing welcome to Count John McCormack when he appeared at t h e P a r a d e Pier, Southsea last m o n t h . He w a s accompanied bv Edwin Schneider. Conspicuous were t h e p r i e s t s of Portsmouth who a t t e n d e d en bloc. In all McCormack rendered some 30 song^ and a t t h e conclusion it was with t h e g r e a t e s t reluctance t h a t he was allowed to leave the stage. Again and again t h e theat r e resounded with t h e thunderous applause sent up by a deeply appreciative audience.

CONDITION O F B I S H O P O F HEXHAM IMPROVES. London.—After a serious operation, t h e Most Rev. J. Thorman, Bishop of H e x h a m and Newcastle, has "rallied wonderfully, is slowly r e g a i n i n g his s t r e n g t h and is altogether m a k i n g e x t r a o r d i n a r y p r o g r e s s , " according t o a r e p o r t issued by t h e Vicar General, Monsignor McCormack. The Bishop was t a k e n ill in Rome and had to miss t h e recent canonization ceremony. H e attended a public function in Rome the next day, however. W h e n a g r e a t demonstration was held in his diocese to honour St. Bede a few davs ago t h e Bishop was unable to" a t t e n d . (N.C.W.C.) AFRICAN CHIEF BECOMES CATHOLIC. Mugera, Central Africa.—Ludoviko Nduwumwe, uncle of t h e present King of Urundi and for several y e a r s head of t h e N a t i v e Government and later Chief of a large province, has been received into the C h u r c h by t h e W h i t e F a t h e r s April 23. His wife, Veronika Mujandi, was baptized t h e same day. The baptism of t h e chief and his wife m a r k e d t h e end of a period of instruction and probation begun several y e a r s ago. T h e whole town of Ngozi t u r n e d out for t h e b a p t i s m . (N.C.W.C.)

THE LATE CARDINAL LA FONTAINE. Warm S u p p o r t e r Of Reunion Movement. T h e death occurred a t Venice, on July 9, of His Eminence C a r d u vi\ La F o n t a i n e . P a t r i a r c h of Venice for t h e p a s t t w e n t y y e a r s . H e was well-known for his generosity and s y m p a t h y . It is said t h a t a few y e a r s ago when a poverty stricken gondolier approached t h e Cardinal for help, he was so deeply moved by t h e helpless condition of t h e gondolier t h a t h e presented him w i t h his own splendid gondola. Born in Viterbo, Italy, in 1860, he was ordained priest in 1883. Twenty t h r e e y e a r s later he w a s made a Bishop. In 1915 he w a s appointed P a t r i a r c h of Venice a n d was raised to t h e Cardinalate t h e following year. T h e late Cardinal La F o n t a i n e evinced keen i n t e r e s t in t h e R e union Movement in England. T h r e e y e a r s ago when 50 Anglican clergymen issued a manifesto de^ nouncing modernism in their church and s u g g e s t e d reunion w i t h t h e Holy See " a s t h e proper goai of Anglican effort and t h e solution of its problems," t h e Cardinal ordered special p r a y e r s to be offered t h r o u g h o u t his P a t r i a r c h a t e f o r t h i s purpose. In t h e course of a letter addressed t o his clergy on t h e said occasion. H i s E m i n e n c e observed: " I am w r i t i n g to ask you to j o i n with me in offering special p r a y e r s for t h e union of t h e Anglicans with t h e M o t h e r Catholic C h u r c h . I should like to set down t h e m o tives of my request. Since t h e earliest days of m y priesthood, reading in t h e life of Paul of t h e Cross, how he prayed and exhorted the faithful to urge t h e Christians of England—called t h e L a n d of the S a i n t s — t o join with t h e Mother Church, t h e r e was awakened in m y h e a r t an urgent wish to pray to this end. "Providentially m y spirit was r e ceptive to t h i s idea, on account of a certain s y m p a t h y for t h e E n g lish, aroused in m e by learning t h e fact as a y o u n g m a n t h a t H e n r y , cousin of E d w a r d I, King of E n g land, w a s killed out of revenge b y Guy de Montfort in t h e Church of Saint S y l v e s t r e in m y native t o w n (Viterbo) while a t Holy Mass. "My desire t h a t t h e E n g l i s h should rejoin t h e Mother C h u r c h grew still s t r o n g e r when I read t h e life of F r . Dominican, t h e P a s sionist F a t h e r , and a fellow-townsman of mine. He followed t h e example of t h e Holy F a t h e r of h i s Order, and prayed for 27 y e a r s for t h e renuion of t h e Anglicans w i t h Rome. While in England in r e markable circumstances, he c a r r i e d on his apostolic work for e i g h t years, b r i n g i n g m a n y P r o t e s t a n t s to t h e faith, including Cardinal N e w m a n and o t h e r m e m b e r s of t h e University of Oxford. He died a good Passionist in his home in Eneland, w h e r e his bones repose to this d a y . " CHURCH I N S P A I N R O B B E D . An A n e t a - T r a n s — O c e a n m e s sage d a t e d A u g u s t 14th declares t h a t C h u r c h t r e a s u r e , valued a t several million pesetas h a s been stolen from t h e Cathedral city of Pamplona, Spain. Thieves e n t e r e d a Church, h a v i n g sawed t h r o u g h t h e cross b a r s of a window a n d seized t h e k e y s to t h e t r e a s u r y chamber, which t h e y emptied.


14 S E \ E R E FLOOD DAMAGES I N ICHANG VICARIATE.

SOCIETY

COMPLETE VILLAGES WIPED OUT.

FOURTH ANNUAL CONGRESS HELD RECENTLY.

Ichang, Hupeh.— T h e V i c a r i a t e of I c h a n g h a s been f r e q u e n t l y r e f e r r e d t o a s " T h e Mission of Blood", o w i n g t o t h e l a r g e n u m b e r of B i s h o p s a n d p r i e s t s who h a v e m e t violent d e a t h s t h e r e . I n r e c e n t w e e k s t h i s "Mission of Blood" became, literally, a "Mission of Water". T h e V i c a r Apostolic of I c h a n g , B i s h o p Noel Gubbels, O.F.M., w a s e n g a g e d in m a k i n g a v i s i t a t i o n of his southern district around Itu, a t t h e confluence of t h e Y a n g t z e and Tsingkaing Rivers, when, from t h e 3 r d t o t h e 7 t h of J u l y , t o r r e n t i a l r a i n s fell a l m o s t w i t h o u t i n t e r r u p t i o n , c a u s i n g a sudden r i s e i n t h e levels of t h e t w o r i v e r s . F r o m t h e second d a y on, t h e s w i r l i n g w a t e r s a t t a i n e d a d e p t h n e v e r before r e a c h e d in living m e m o r y . E n t i r e villages w e r e c a u g h t u n a w a r e s a n d isolated b y t h e floods, b e i n g c u t off f r o m e v e r y possibility of escape. Terrified people fled to t h e h o u s e t o p s or took r e f u g e in the tree-tops. Before l o n g t h e m a j o r i t y of t h e h o u s e s collapsed, t h o s e of wood b e i n g c a r r i e d s w i f t l y d o w n - s t r e a m while t h e i r f r a n t i c t e n a n t s c l a m o r e d pitifully f o r help, m e n , w o m e n , children . . . . T h e s e d e t a i l s a r e contained in a l e t t e r f r o m B i s h o p Gubbels, w h o a d d s t h a t t h e r i v e r population w e r e so dazed b y h e m a g n i t u d e of t h e c a l a m i t y t h a t no one s e e m e d t o t h i n k of r e n d e r i n g a s s i s t a n c e t o t h e less f o r t u n a t e . All h e a r t s w e r e filled w i t h compassion b u t p a r a l i zed i n t o inaction from lack of i n i t i a t i v e a n d organization. The Bishop a t once took steps t o f o r m a relief c o m m i t t e e . H e w a s ably seconded b y t h e local c o m m a n d a n t and t h e civil m a g i s t r a t e and m a n y o t h e r s c a m e f o r w a r d t o offer t h e i r help. Several b o a t s w e r e m a n n e d a n d m a n a g e d t h e v e r y first d a y t o r e s c u e 200 of t h e s t r a n d e d a n d b r i n g t h e m into Itu. D u r i n g t h e n e x t few d a y s 1200 r e f u g e e s w e r e t h u s b r o u g h t in a n d accomm o d a t e d in v a r i o u s school buildi n g s , w h e r e one of t h e m i s s i o n a r i e s , a medical m a n , w a s able t o r e n d e r s i g n a l services. Unfortun a t e l y , h u n d r e d s of t h o s e w h o clung t o t h e t r e e s and h o u s e t o p s w e r e forced b y f a t i g u e o r uncons c i o u s n e s s t o relinquish t h e i r hold finally a n d t h u s became a p r e y t o t h e w a t e r s before t h e i r r e s c u e could be effected. T h u s f a r only a s r e g a r d s I t u . B u t t h e e x t e n t of t h e i n u n d a t i o n includes all t h e s o u t h e r n p a r t of t h e V i c a r i a t . T h e Y a n g t z e dikes h a v e given w a y in v a r i o u u s places a n d w a t e r h a s poured in o v e r t h e fields a s f a r a s t h e eye c a n r e a c h , covering t h e crops to a d e p t h of several m e t e r s . T h e h a r v e s t in half a dozen of o u r p r e f e c t u r a l d i s t r i c t s is completely d e s t r o y e d . Black m i s e r y a w a i t s t h e people, our C h r i s t i a n s included. (Lumen) GOVERNOR MURPHY NAMED H I G H COMMISSIONER F O R PHILLIPINES. M r . F r a n k Murphy, t h e Catholic Governor-General of t h e Phillipine I s l a n d s , h a s been named b y P r e s i d e n t Roosevelt t o be t h e first U n i t e d S t a t e s H i g h Commissioner t o t h e Phillipines with t h e inaug u r a t i o n of t h e G o v e r n m e n t of t h e new Commonwealth.

FOR

FILMS

IN

EDUCATIONAL CHINA.

P e k i n g . — T h e Chinese Society for E d u c a t i o n a l F i l m s , a t its F o u r t h A n n u a l Congress concluded recently a t H a n k o w , decided to exe r t i t s influence w i t h t h e Governm e n t t o have all films classed in t w o categories, viz., t h o s e which a r e fit t o be seen by everyone and t h o s e which should be reserved for a d u l t s only. A resolution w a s passed a t t h e Congress s t r e s s i n g t h e need of cinema halls in all t h e l a r g e cities of C h i n a for t h e showing of films h a v i n g an educational value a n d p a r t i c u l a r l y adapted to the youth.

THE

DEAF-MUTES AND BLIND R E C E I V E D BY P O P E . Vatican City.—His Holiness Pope P i u s X I recently received in a particularly m o v i n g audience t w o g r o u p s , one of t h e deaf-mutes a n d t h e o t h e r of t h e blind from t h e Ospizio of C a r i t a Zavarese, of Fono, a p r e t t y little town on t h e Adriatic. T h e Pope welcomed t h e unfortun a t e s with t h e u t m o s t k i n d n e s s and spoke t o t h e m w i t h t h e g r e a t e s t t e n d e r n e s s of f a t h e r l y affection s a y i n g t h a t t h e y were particularly d e a r t o his h e a r t as t h e y "came t o H i m w i t h t h e m o s t beautiful t i t l e t h a t could r e c o m m e n d t h e m , t h a t is, t h a t of t h e Cross which t h e y h a d to bear t o g e t h e r with J e s u s . " (N.C.W.C.) CHAPEL CONTAINING PRECIOUS O B J E C T S B L E S T . P a r i s . — H i s E m i n e n c e J e a n Cardinal Verdier, A r c h b i s h o p of P a r i s , h a s j u s t blessed t h e chapel of t h e n e w Capuchin Convent in t h e M o n t p a r n a s s e s q u a r t e r of P a r i s . T h i s chapel, dedicated t o O u r L a d y of Peace, possesses t w o p a r ticularly precious o b j e c t s : the cloak t h a t St. F r a n c i s of Assisi s e n t to St. E l i z a b e t h of H u n g a r y a n d t h e i m a g e of Our Lady of J a p a n which r e p r e s e n t s t h e I m m a culate Virgin w i t h St. F r a n c i s a n d St. A n t h o n y of P a d u a on e i t h e r side. The p a i n t i n g w a s undoubtedly executed in t h e s i x t e e n t h cent u r y by a F r a n c i s c a n missionary. Before it, J a p a n e s e m a r t y r s a n d o t h e r C h r i s t i a n s prayed for m o r e than three centuries. (N.C.W.C.)

POINT!

When B r a i n And N e r v e s Cry O u t F o r H e l p .

T h e Congress also protested a g a i n s t t h e influx of foreign-made films now flooding t h e country, glorifying vice in all its forms and c o n t r i b u t i n g t o t h e general bad s t a t e of affairs and disorder in China. The G o v e r n m e n t will be a s k e d t o favour t h e production of local films w h i c h m u s t be good morally and w h i c h will help in t h e n a t i o n a l recovery. Unfortunately the Congress m a d e no mention of t h e question of c e n s u r i n g films now being shown in t h e c o u n t r y . T h e Society, moreover, would do well to support local c o m m i t t e e s which have been f o r m e d t o c o m b a t t h e evil of indecent films, like t h a t founded several weeks a g o a t P e k i n g by a g r o u p of foreign missionaries a n d C h i n e s e r e s i d e n t s of t h e city whose w o r k a n d a i m s w e r e immediately a p p r o v e d by t h e municipal a u t h o rities. (Fides)

BREAKING

I j j |

Life in the Far East has many pleasures, but it also has its perils, especially at this time of the year. When you have sudden dizzy feelings, cannot "collect your thoughts," find out that your memory is no longer reliable, that you are unable to concentrate on your work, sleep badly, lack appetite, and need stimulants to keep you going; when after slight exertion you feel mentally and physically fagged out, any doctor will tell you that yours is a case bordering on neurasthenia or nervous breakdown, and that unless prompt and proper measures are taken to set matters right collapse will follow. As a blood builder and nerve tonic there is one specific—world renowned under the name of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills—which has triumphantly passed through half a century of the severest tests, establishing the fact that it possesses remarkable powers in replenishing red corpuscles, iron and haemoglobin in the debilitated blood stream, thus rapidly restoring strength and well-being to the whole system. So if you are weak, run-down, worn-out, or are suffering from any ailment due to blood poverty or nerve exhaustion, give Dr. Williams' Pink Pills a trial and you surely will not be disappointed. Chemists everywhere sell

DR.

WILLIAMS'

PUBLICATION OF PRAYERS COMPOSED BY P O P E S . Rome.—The Society of Our L a d y of t h e Cenacle of Rome h a s published a collection of p r a y e r s composed b y t h e Popes. A s H i s Eminence Alexis Cardinal Lepicier, Prefect of t h e Sacred Congregation of Religious, says in t h e p r e f a c e : " N o t h i n g could bett e r respond to t h e d e s i r e s of those souls who, filled w i t h t h e spirit of faith, recognize before all else in t h e Sovereign Pontiffs t h e pains t h e y h a v e taken t o m a k e known and to love Our Lord Jesus Christ." T h e book contains 30 p r a y e r s from t h e admirable homily on t h e Cross of St. Leo t h e G r e a t to t h e latest invocations to t h e E u c h a r i s tic H e a r t composed b y His Holiness Pope P i u s XI now reigning. And t h e collection is closed with t h e beautiful p r a y e r of St. Catherine of Siena for t h e Pope. Proceeds from t h e sale of t h e book will be used to aid poor pariI shes in t h e vicinitv of Rome (N.C.W.C)'

PILLS.

PASSION P L A Y S IN FRANCE DURING SUMMER.

ROYAL CHILDREN JOIN EUCHARISTIC CRUSADE. Brussels.—This year m a r k s t h e e i g h t h c e n t e n a r y of t h e founding of t h e C h u r c h of Our L a d y h e r e . The observance closed w i t h an impressive manifestation of t h e E u charistic Crusade. T h o u s a n d s of children walked in t h e procession : of t h e Blessed S a c r a m e n t , and ! a m o n g t h e m , t h e r o y a l children, i P r i n c e s s Charlotte a n d Prince : Baldwin, t o g e t h e r w i t h t h e chiid| r e n of f o r m e r E m p r e s s Zita of | Austria. Queen A s t r i d and E m p r e s s Zita witnessed t h e procession of t h e j children from t h e balconv of con| vent. (N.C.W.C.)

PINK

Roles To Be Filled By A m a t e u r s . P a r i s . — A t h e a t r e w h e r e salaries a r e nevpr paid a n d w h e r e personal i publicity is forbidden will resume performances on S u n d a y s during July, August, September and ; October. It is t h e N a n c y Passion Play, often r e f e r r e d to as the 'Trench Oberammergau." As a t Oberammergau, each actor plies his r e g u l a r t r a d e or i profession d u r i n g t h e week and only on S u n d a y s e n a c t s a role in | " T h e E t e r n a l D r a m a of Golgatha." The 500 a c t o r s receive n o p a y for j their services, for t h e y r e g a r d t h e i r P a s s i o n P l a y a s a sacred I t h i n g i n t o w h i c h t h e y p u t all their \ piety, t h e i r u n t u t o r e d art, even I t h e i r n a i v e t e . T h e r e s u l t is touch; ing d r a m a w h i c h r e a c h e s both the heart a n d t h e soul. The rule of " a b s o l u t e anonym i t y " p r e v e n t s even t h e a c t o r s ' names from a p p e a r i n g on the • p r o g r a m m e . T h e i d e n t i t y of the ; " C h r i s t " of N a n c y , w h o is a bookkeeper in o r d i n a r y life, is known only to a small circle of friends and I acquaintances. H i s p h o t o g r a p h has j appeared in n e w s p a p e r s b u t even then t h e n a m e is lacking. Slightly m o r e t h a n 2,000 spectators can view t h i s play a t a per! formance, w h i c h l a s t s from 9 a.m. to 5.30 p.m., w i t h a n hour and a j half recess a t noon. T h e scenery I and c o s t u m e s a r e a s historically t r u e a s r e s e a r c h can make them. Another century-old Passion j play w a s p r e s e n t e d this year at Bourges. t h e m o s t central city of F r a n c e , on J u l y 21 and 28. All t h e a c t o r s , a b o u t 300 in number, are a m a t e u r s a n d serve without salary. T h e r e a r e 24 scenes in the play, which is accompanied by music. (Lumen-N.C.W.C.) !


^lALAYA

CATHOLIC

LEADER,

S A T U R D A Y , 24th A U G U S T , 1935.

General Jottings of the Week. A T T E M P T ON MGR. S T U A N F S LIFE. o Sulphuric Acid in Communion Wine.

DR. DUTTA I N V E S T E D W I T H INSIGNIA OF CERTIFICATE OF HONOUR.

A cabled m e s s a g e from Cremona, Italy, s t a t e s t h a t while Mgr. Stuani, C a n o n of t h e Cremona Cathedral, w a s celebrating Mass in the c h u r c h of St. A u g u s t i n e , he fell to t h e g r o u n d suffering from terrible b u r n s in t h e m o u t h and stomach, a f t e r h a v i n g d r u n k a little of t h e wine. The V i c a r of t h e Church who also t a s t e d t h e wine, suffered from burns. The police a r e now e n d e a v o u r i n g to find o u t w h o placed t h e sulphuric acid in t h e C o m m u n i o n W i n e . There a r e hopes of s a v i n g Mgr. S t u a n i ' s life. A t Spoleto, Italy, a t r i a l h a s j u s t concluded of a similar case in which Don Boni, a p a r i s h p r i e s t , w a s poisoned b y s t r y c h n i n e in t h e s a m e w a y a n d died of b u r n s . Two of t h e a r r e s t e d suspects h a v e received h e a v y sentences of imprisonment. (Straits

HE WILL BE WHAT YOU WANI HIM TO BE ON COW AND GATE A complete Food made in a moment by the mere addition of hot water. In guaranteed and tight containers.^

f

EX-SERVICEMEN'S PILGRIM A G E TO R O M E . Nine c o u n t r i e s besides F r a n c e are f o r m i n g g r o u p s t o t a k e p a r t in an ex-servicemen's pilgrimage to Rome. It is hoped to renew t h e r e s u l t s of t h e i n t e r n a t i o n a l ex-Servicemen's p i l g r i m a g e which went t o Lourdes last y e a r and in which 100.000 m e n from 19 c o u n t r i e s took p a r t . POSTULATOR OF T H E CAUSE OF T E R E S A HIGGINSCN APPOINTED. A P o s t u l a t o r of t h e cause of Teresa H i g g i n s o n , a saintly L i v e pool w o m a n , h a s been appointed. The Holy F a t h e r ?n J u l y appointed C a r d i n a l Rossi to be Cardinal R e l a t o r of t h e cause. T e r e s a Higginson's w r i t i n g s will now be examined b y 2 theologians. Teresa Higginson, a school teacher, w a s born a t Holywell, in 1844 and died at Chudleigh in 1905. H e r g r a v e at Neston, C h e s h i r e , is visited by thousands of pilgrims and more than 100.000 people in various parts of t h e world h a v e signed a petition f o r t h e introduction of her cause of beatification. v

AT

A F r e n c h National E u c h a r i s t i c Congress w a s held in mid J u l y a t Strasbourg, Alsace. A t t h e close, the Holy F a t h e r ' s blessing w a s Riven by radio. The first procession of t h e Blessed S a c r a m e n t for 100 y e a r s took place t h r o u g h t h e principal streets of t h e city. Pontifical H i g h Mass w a s elev a t e d a t a n open a i r a l t a r on t h e esplanade by Mgr. Maglione. Papal Nuncio t o F r a n c e . A t t h e m a s s Sermons in F r e n c h a n d G e r m a n were p r e a c h e d .

;

dated air

On t h e green of t h e General Hospital, Malacca, on A u g u s t 13th, I t h e Resident Councillor Hon. Mr. B r y a n t , invested Dr. D u t t a w i t h t h e Certificate of Honour. Dr. \ D u t t a w a s born in 1981 and ! g r a d u a t e d a t Calcutta U n i v e r s i t y ! in 1907. Appointed Assistant Surgeon in t h e S.S. service in 1907 he worked a t P e n a n g District Agents for South Malaya, B.N. Borneo & Sarawak: Hospital for 10 y e a r s . In 1917 he J A C K S O N & CO., LTD., w a s t r a n s f e r r e d t o Malacca. Since 55. Robinson Road, Singapore. t h a t t i m e he has been t h e Senior A s s i s t a n t Surgeon and Physician in Malacca. ARCHBISHOP MACDONALD MR. A N D M R S . H I L L A R Y S P E N D In 1925 he became D e p u t y H E A D S SCOTTISH P I L G R I M A G E S H O R T V A C A T I O N ON Medical officer and in 1928 Medical TO LOURDES. FRASER'S HILL. Specialist. He h a s been L e c t u r e r and an E x a m i n e r on clinical About 1,100 Scottish pilgrims Mr. Daniel Hillary, Commismedicine and s u r g e r y to t h e . e s t a t e left Glasgow for L o u r d e s last sioner, of Police, Kelantan, h a s d r e s s e r s for t h e p a s t 12 y e a r s . A t t h e M u a r Hospital too he has had month by t h e all sea r o u t e , on t h e gone with M r s . Hillary t o F r a s e r ' s c h a r g e of t h e special surgical cases s.s. A t h e n i a . 14 a l t a r s w e r e erect- Hill, for a f o r t n i g h t ' s vacation a s since 1934. Besides h e is a re- ed on board and e x t r a hospital Mr. Hillary h a s j u s t recovered cognised consultant of t h e Assis- accommodation wÂŁ.s a r r a n g e d for from a serious a t t a c k of m a l a r i a . t a n t Medical officers and p r i v a t e t h e 65 sick cases, who include 3 W e t r u s t t h a t t h e popular Police j blind, a n d 2 suffering f r o m sleep- Commissioner will benefit imp r a c t i t i o n e r s in Malacca. A m o n g those p r e s e n t a t t h e I ing sickness. The p i l g r i m a g e w a s mensely by t h e change. function w e r e Rev. F a t h e r s F r a n - J led by A r c h b i s h o p Macdonald o \ E d i n b u r g h and is accompanied by cois. Bertin A s h n e s s , F e r n a n d e s N E W STAMPS FOR D I F F E R E N T 46 p r i e s t s . and Lorenco a s well as Rev. COUNTRIES. A s t h e liner steamed down t h e B r o t h e r Dominic of St. F r a n c i s ' s Clyde t h e St. J o h n ' s B a n d played I n s t i t u t i o n and t h e L a d y Superior France has made a surprise of t h e Convent of t h e Holy I n f a n t | t h e L o u r d e s h y m n , the crowd join- j s t a m p issue of t h e new 1 f r a n c ing in t h e singing, and t h e refrain Jesus. I being t a k e n up by t h o s e on board s t a m p to c o m m e m o r a t e t h e 3rd c e n t e n a r y of t h e founding of t h e i the steamer. Academie F r a n c a i s e . It is vertical I oblong and scarlet and depicts a MR. F . A. de W I T T A P P O I N T E D * F R O N T E V E R Y W H E R E ' BY p o r t r a i t of Cardinal Richelieu, who J. J E F F R I E S . founded t h e Academie. Poland h a s M U N I C I P A L COMMISSIONER. issued memorial s t a m p s , all black Mr. J. Jeffries, one of t h e most | depicting a p o r t r a i t of t h e late | gifted of a distinguished g r o u p of Mr. F . A. de W i t t , J.P., h a s been Catholic w a r correspondents h a s j M a r s h a l Pilsudski Greece h a s issued a 50 dr. s t a m p appointed a Municipal Commis- j u s t published a volume of remisioner of Malacca, in place of Mr. niscences entitled " F r o n t E v e r y - | picturig a r e p r e s e n t a t i v e design of Bellerophon on t h e horse P e W. Zehnder who h a s resigned. The w h e r e " . gasus. E u r a s i a n Association of Malacca His book is full of anecdotes, Austria's 1935 c h a r i t y issue nominated Mr. de W i t t , who is a and brilliant passages of descripshows p o r t r a i t s of some of her nephew of t h e late Mr. E. Tessen- tive w r i t i n g . g r e a t soldiers. sohn O.B.E., and a retired GovernTo c o m m e m o r a t e t h e Jubilee of ment pensioner. Born in Malacca in 1881 he was C A T H O L I C W O M E N ' S L E A G U E t h e Red Cross, Costa Rica h a s OF CANADA. b r o u g h t out a finely e n g r a v e d educated a t the St. F r a n c i s ' s Ins t a m p depiciting a n u r s i n g s i s t e r stitution. He joined t h e Govern900 delegates, r e p r e s e n t i n g before t h e a l t a r . The U.S.A. h a v e m e n t Service in 1900 and retired 30,000 m e m b e r s , at t h e Conven- issued a pretty 3c. s t a m p p i c t u r i n g in 1933. tion of t h e Catholic W o m e n ' s Lea- San Diego, California, with its g u e of C a n a d a decided t o boycott g r e a t church towering a m o n g t h e all Mexican goods endorsed t h e i m m e n s e * coastal scenery of San Legion of Decency film campaign, Diego Bay. T W O C U R E S A T L O U R D E S REvoiced t h e i r opposition to all diT h e Government of N o r t h e r n vorce l a w s ! COGNISED BY B U R E A U . Ireland h a v e issued t h e first s t a m p s for t h e 6 countiesâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;for B E L G I A N CITY C O N S E C R A T - p r e p a y m e n t of e n t e r t a i n m e n t t a x . Two cures which occurred durThese show a design e m b o d y i n g E D TO OUR L A D Y . ing last year's Liverpool pilgrit o g e t h e r t h e Orange Lily and t h e m a g e to Lourdes were officially reT h e Belgian City of N a m u r was Red Hand of Ulster, s u r m o u n t e d cognised by t h e Medical Bureau. in J u l y consecrated to our Lady by t h e Crown. T h i s y e a r Miss Alice Monaghan by t h e Bishop. H e r M a j e s t y t h e of Bootle. a bed ridden victim of Queen of t h e Belgians w a s p a t r o n of r h e u m a t i c h e a r t and kidney of t h e celebrations. T h e m i l i t a r y ? ? j r ; n T E n P R O T E S T S A G A I N S T r , \ P T . C R A V E S ' B.B.C. P O S T . trouble walked for t h e first time Commander, t h e Governor of t h e for 7 y e a r s a f t e r h e r visit to Province and t h e B u r g o m a s t e r L o u r d e s with t h e Liverpool pilgri- also took p a r t . T h e P r o t e s t a n t Alliance p r o t e s t mage. The 2 cures mentioned ed t o t h e B.B.C. a g a i n s t t h e a p above were those of Mrs. Shepherd p o i n t m e n t of a Catholic, C a p t a i n ANOTHER OBSERVATORY of Wigan and Miss B e n n e t t of G r a v e s , a s Controller of P r o FOR THE POPE. grammes. Wallasey. Miss Monaghan is 24 y e a r s old and before h e r d e p a r t u r e Sir J o h n R e i t h , Director General The Pope is having a n o t h e r ob- of t h e B.B.C. in reply pointed out from home she was so bad t h a t she had to receive t h e last sacra- s e r v a t o r v constructed a t Castel t h a t Capt. G r a v e s h a s been Direcm e n t s . On arrival a t Lourdes she Gandolfo. It is to h a v e a 600 M. t o r of t h e E m p i r e and F o r e i g n w a s b a t h e d daily and a f t e r leaving M. telescope^to which is to be fit- ' Services since 1932 and t h a t t h e r e t h e b a t h i n g place one d a y found ted a 400 M. M. spectograph for j h a s never been t h e slightest t r a c e p h o t o g r a p h i n g t h e heavenly bodies. of bias due t o his religion. herself able to walk.

For Better

Times).

EUCHARISTIC CONGRESS STRASBOURG.

15

Babies


MALAYA

16

SPORTS CATHOLICS

CATHOLIC

LEADER,

NOTES

IN T H E LIMELIGHT.

( B y O u r Own

Correspondent.)

TICIRS in SPOUT

SATURDAY,

i i i t t t

in no man's area very well and opened up the attack nicely. Henry, I too, played well, as also did Ah Chee. I do not agree that Henry is a better SINGAPORE^-SELANGOR. centre forward than Keng Hock. Ismail was hardworking but his wing partner COMMENTS ON C U P F I N A L . was mediocre. The Selangor halves, Taib and Ah Cheong, were the best, WHY SINGAPORE LOST. with Thornton not far behind. The backs were not duly tried but Kum Pak, Selangor's goalie, was exceptionally Two letters have been received concerning the Malaya Cup of football final, brilliant. I would rate him just after Stonton of the R.A. and both from very keen followers of The members of the Singapore selecthe game whose names stand high in tion committee, however, who were soccer circles, one in Malacca and the present, took the defeat in a sporting other in Singapore. manner. There were no long and sour The Malacca comment states that the faces after the game." K. L. final w a s one of the dirtiest finals These two very candidly expressed ever seen, that Singapore were the pooropinions should provide our readers er team and that they carried a paswith just what they want to know about senger in Dolfattah. Also that Valberg would have been infinitely his superior. ; a game that Singapore should have won and yet lost. Let us repeat: Congra"Noel H a y was unable to cope with tulations to the deserving winner and Henry and had recourse to foul tactics sympathy to the losers. which besmirched the fair name of the Lion City and should have been given marching orders. For Singapore only j S.C.F.A. LOSE UNDER GREAT Boon Lay and Chee Chua played well. I The Selangor team were supposed to j HANDICAP. have had a weak defence. They rose j manfully to the occasion and gave away John Then, S.C.F.A skipper, made a nothing. The much vaunted Singapore welcome return to first class football \ attack was completely bottled up. Poor last Saturday but could not enable his j Keng Hock was well policed by Taib. team to defeat the Royal Engineers, j He must have been disheartened by DolThe absence of Chia Keng Hock and fattah's puerile play." three other first division players proved j Our Singapore critic has more to say j too much for the Chinese and they were i beaten by 4 goals to 2 but they put up and does so very candidly. "Selangor, a gallant fight all the same. John Then on the day's form, deserved to win. was not however as good as of old, but I Their display was excellent, though not with more practice and good fortune in j at all brilliant. Thev appeared to play the matter of the non-recurrence of leg better a s a team. The whole cause of trouble should recover his reputation. Singapore's fading out could be traced * # * * to Dolfattah and Mat Noor. The least said about the former the better beM.P.H. BEAT FRASER & NEAVE. cause he was not in the game at all from the start to the finish. Not only When Fraser & Neave met the was he a misfit but he put Keng Hock M.P.H. at Soccer in a Commercial Cup off his game entirely. game last week N. Jackson of the forNoor was very lazy. He never worm e r side was brilliant at right back. ried himself about tackling his opposing Unfortunately a miskick of his peneleft half after being robbed of the ball, trated his own groal. The M.P.H. won and to make matters worse he was too by 3 goals to 2 mainly because their far up the field most of the time. This opponents were without the services of fee persisted in despite the fact that his their centre forward, Chia Keng Hock, attention was drawn to his defect durwho is down with an injured knee. Hay ing the interval. In consequence there was not an effective leader for F. & N. j was a big gap separating our forwards and halves. Thus a Selangor man was though he cannot be blamed for lack of t w i n g . Another stalwart of the losers, found with the ball from clearances Edwin Then, was not playing because j from the overtaxed Singapore defence he is still in hospital. or passes from the Selangor halves to Soon Teck who patrolled this blank I area. It was all very easy for Soon CRICKET. Teck or another Selangor player to draw the halves before slipping the ball through. In other words our halves * REST * BEAT EUROPEANS IN 'HENNESSEY TROPHY' were kept running in circles. This is the main reason for Selangor appearing Dr. Chelvam Bowls with Deadly Effect the better side. Dolfattah did try to fill the gap on The Hennessey Trophy for the Eurohis side but his play was pathetic. Noor peans vs. The Rest annual cricket match on the other hand would not come down was played for at Ipoh on Saturday and to gather the desperate half clearances Sunday last, and went to the Rest who of our defenders. won easily by 192 runs thanks to the The fact that our forwards kept close deadly bowling of Dr. M. Chelvam. together made them easier to mark and For the Rest Jansz made 8, Moreira the Selangor defence saw to it that 15, Chrysostom 6, Chelvam 1 not out. Keng Hock was more strongly covered. The total was 97. For the Europeans Our wings only got going now and then. Bede Cox made 2 and their total was Khun Onn except on a few occasions 37. Dr. Chelvam took 6 wickets for 11 was not sent through with the passes and Dr. Moreira 4 for 17. he likes. In the second innings Jansz scored Our halves had the most thankless 11, Dr. Moreira 5, Chiysostom 39, Cheljob to do. H a y in particular was put vam 1 and the Rest made a total of 173. off his game. Invariably, due to the Bede Cox made 4 for the Europeans fault of our inside right and left, he , whose total was 41. Dr. Chelvam took wras drawn away before a pass was 7 wickets for 25 and Dr. Moreira 2 for slipped through. Hor Khoon on the 5. In all Dr. Chelvam captured 13 day's form was the best of our halves, wickets for 36 runs and Dr. Moreira 6 and I shudder to think what would have for 22. happened if Taylor had played in- j stead. B y the way Taylor was very COMBINED SCHOOLS DRAW sporting to give up his place in the WITH S.C.C. final. He was not dropped at all, but the poor man was discouraged by the The Combined Schools drew with the unsympathetic feelings of the SingaS.C.C. last week at Cricket on the Papore crowd. Chee Chua was unfortunate to be lamed early in the game by > dang. The Schools made 104 and 94 while the Club reached 53 and 58 for 5. j Boon Lay running into him. I would G. Clarke scored 8, A. Watts 2, A. not say he played a bad game, but he Pennefather 12, R. Cordeiro 3 not out, did not show his best form. and R. Donough 4 in the 1st innings and The backs were only moderately good, then G. Clarke made 8 again, Watts 27, and the covering was poor. Said was Pennefather 31, and R. Donough 3, in all nerves at the start and fumbled : the second attempt. many shots, but the goals that beat him j At Bowling Watts took 3 for 34; and could not have been saved. Keng Hock 2 for 21. The School Boys were in a was not allowed to play his normal favourable position when stumps were game and in addition he was put out i drawn. No play was possible on Saby Dolfattah clamouring for him on j turday owing to bad weather. The several occasions to change places with Europeans fielded 5 first eleven players him. and should have done better. The brains of the Selangor team was (Continued on page 17) Soon Teck. He did his foraging work

SOCCER.

24th AUGUST, 1935.

1

;

1

DI/TRIBUTOR/

FOR

TIGER B E E R PRA/SR6 llfiAVfi 17?

t w


MALAYA

CATHOLIC

LEADER,

from

page

16)

CRICKET.

SOCCER IN SELANGOR.

S.R.C. BEAT NON-BENDERS. The S.R.C. beat the Non-Benders on Sunday on the Padang. Edwards bowled out 3 for 5, Orr 1 for 11, Sullivan 3 for 7 for the winners. E. Galistan made 12. P. D'Almeida 29, M. Vaiberg 5, N. Sui'iivan 14 and Edwf»ds IB for the S.R.C. Leijisius of the Non-Benders' took 4 wickets for 45 runs.

S.C.R.C. BEAT SELANGOR RANGERS. i h e Seiangor Rangers lost to the S.C.R.C. in Kuala Lumpur on August iSth by 3—1. Individually the Rangers were good but tney were very poor in their finishing efforts. B. de Souza and Clement de Silva were outstanding. The Rangers had S t 3 . Maria, Gomez, B. de Souza, C. de Silva, C. de Souza and Daniels playing for them.

*

*

*

*

SELANGOR EURASIANS DEFEAT RAILWAY INSTITUTE. The Selangor Eurasians defeated trie Kuala Lumpur Railway Institute by 5 wickets. Th~ w i n ^ r s passed their opponents' total cf 79 with 5 wickets inhand. C. R. Martin made 27 for them.

ATHLET* S.R.C. A N N U A L ATHLETIC SPORTS. The Singapore Recreation Club held is Annua. Athletic Sports on the Lsp.anaae on baturuay last in fine weather, but due to a heavy morning shower the field conditions were not exactly helpful 1 0 the establishment of new records. There was quite a pleasant gathering of members and friends of the club and the 1935 sports meeting can be written down in the records as one oi the most successful the club has ever heid. The S.R.C. committee and particularly Mr. Jocelyn de Souza must be whole heartediy complimented for the success of the occasion and the club's many excellent athletes should look forward with confidence to the coming All Singapore Atheletic meeting on the 28th September. Catholics did very well indeed as the following details will reveal. Throwing the Cricket Ball: Denis D'Cotta 2nd. 880 yaids (Handicap) Race: Fred Tanner* (Sc.) 1st; Gabriel Windsor 2nd. The time registered was 2 min. 15 sees. 1G0 yards fiat Race: J. Edwards 1st. Time: 10 1/5 sees. 220 yard:- scratch: J. Edwards 2nd. Long Jcnrp: J. Edwards 2nd. 440 vards handicap: F. Tanner (Sc.) 1st; A. M. Vaiberg (12 yds.) 3rd. Time: 55 3/5 sees. High Jump: C. Vaiberg 1st; J. Edward? 3rd. Height: 5 ft. 6V2 ins. 220 vards handicap: A. J. Vaz 1st; H. Eruyns 3rd. Pole Vault: F. Tanner 3rd. 120 yards Hurdles: J. Edwards 3rd. 440 yards Relay: Winners—W. R. Matthews and 3 partners. 440 yards scratch: F. Tanner 1st. Time 55 sees. Individual championship runner up: J. Edwards. Mrs. R. Tessensohn, wife of the President of the Club, gave aw ay the prizes at the conclusion of the sports.

17

ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF BISHOPS IN GERMANY MEETS.

SPORTS NOTES. (Continued

S A T U R D A Y , 2 4 t h A U G U S T , 1935-

B A D M I N T O N . BADMINTON CHAMPION TO RETIRE FROM GAME? E. J. Vass, tor many years the unbeaten Singapore badminton singles champion, caused a sensation in local badminton circles by conceding a walk ever in the men's open singles and doubles championship tournament. We have been informed that Vass has decided to retire. If this be true, it is much to be regretted tor Singapore badminton wi 1 be the poorer by his disappearance and we sti'l express the hope that cur champion will reconsider his decision.

CARD. BERTRAM

PRESIDES.

Measures To Be Considered About Nazi Decrees. B E R L I N 21st A u g u s t , A t t e n d e d by 28 C a r d i n a l s , A r c h b i s h o p s a n d B i s h o p s , t h e a n n u a l conference of Catholic Bishops is m e e t i n g p r i v a t e l y a t Sulda, B a v a r i a u n d e r t h e P r e s i d e n c y of C a r d i n a l B e r t r a m of Breslau to consider problems affecting t h e Catholic C h u r c h in G e r m a n y including t h e Reich law of J u n e 2 0 t h , 1933 i n t r o d u c i n g s t e r i l i s a t i o n f o r h e r e d i t a r y afflict i o n s w h i c h w a s p a s s e d before t h e s i g n i n g of t h e c o n c o r d a t w i t h t h e V a t i c a n a n d which conflicts w i t h Catholic F a i t h .

The conference hopes a c o m promise m a y eventually be r e a c h e d on t h i s m a t t e r . O t h e r subjects discussed a r e t h e f u t u r e of t h e Catholic y o u t h o r g a n i s a t i o n r e c e n t ly forbidden by t h e G o v e r n m e n t , c u r r e n c y s m u g g l i n g by Catholic P r i e s t s a n d r e s i s t a n c e to civil Authorities by Priests. T h o u s a n d s of Catholics from all p a r t s of G e r m a n y a r r i v e d to w i t ness t h e g a t h e r i n g of t h e B i s h o p s a n d t o p r a y a t t h e g r a v e of S t . Boniface f o r t h e s u c c o u r of t h e Church:—REUTER.

A R O U N D T H E PARISHES. (Continued

from

t e n n i s !

page

19)

B U T T E

R W O R T H .

Annual Sports of The Assumption i p o h TEACHERS' T E N N I S TOURNAMENT. School, Butterworth. The Teachers' Annual Tennis Tournament, was concluded last week. On Saturday 10th August, on the BANGKOK P R I E S T S ' CALL ! Mr. K. C. Balhetchet of St. Anthony's Butterworth Recreation Club ground, j Boy's School won the Singles Handicap. HERE the Assumption School Butterworth held i Mr. Tay Keng Hock of the Holy. Intheir Annual Sports. The day being nocents' School w^as the runner up. Rev. F a t h e r s Perroudon a n d fine there was a good gathering to witMr. K. N. Balhetchet of Raffles Insti- ! ness the function. F e r l a y of S i a m who a r e j u s t back *u-.;c.n and partner won the men's The items twenty in number provided i f r o m leave stopped a t Ipoh last j Doubles Handicap. excellent entertainment for the spectaj week on t h e i r w a y t o B a n g k o k . tors. Some of them were indeed novel BOXING. * * * * and mirth-provoking. During the event Johnny Mc Grory retained the feather 'Pointing the Pig's Eye' the onlookers FR. AURIOL AT CAMERON j weight boxing championship of Scotland were convulsed with laughter to see the j last week by defeating his fellow CaHIGHLANDS. blind-folded infants trying their best to l tholic challenger, Johnny Mc Millan, on point at the pig's eye but only succeedI a T.K.O. at Glasgow. Mc Grory is 20 ing in either pointing at the extremity ! years of age and is regarded as the best ^ R e v . F a t h e r L. A u r i o l , S u p e r i o r of its leg or tail or some other part a j 9 stone boxer Scotland has produced for of S t . X a v i e r ' s S e m i n a r y is spendgood distance away from the required I a generation. point. The Officials in their race were ing- his holidays a t T a n a h R a t a , made to provide fun for the others. Cameron Highlands. Dangling on a taut string were a num; James J. Braddock, who won the i heavyweight boxing championship of the NOTICE. j world from Baer, is a Catholic. More S of a solid than a brilliant boxer, BradOwing to lack of space in this number, some items of Parish news j dock had many set backs before he got have to be held over for the next issue. -« an opportunity for a title bout and at —Ed. M.C.L cne time he was very nearly down and ber of burning mosquito coils. The j out. Braddock is married and has 3 OBITUARY. Officials with their hands tied behind j children. were made to light their cigarettes with Mr. W o n g Tet Look, son of S.V.C. R ^ L E ~ M E E T I N G . these. t h e l a t e T o w k a y W o n g Toong of The other items were quite as interIpoh a n d b r o t h e r of Mr. W o n g CHINESE CO'S SUCCESS. esting. The whole programme was gone In the recent S.V.C. Service Rifle T e t F o o n g a n d M r . W o n g Tet through without a hitch and the occameeting at Bukit Timah Range on sion proved an undoubted success. Onn, passed off on T h u r s d a y , August 3rd. the Chinese Company won At the conclusion cf the sports the 15th A u g u s t , fortified by t h e the Iroquois Cup. In the successful headmaster in a short speech thanked r i t e s of t h e church. T h e funeral team were 2 Catholics viz. C. S. M. Lee all those who had contributed towards Kiah Wah and his brother Sergt. Lee w h i c h took place in t h e evening the success of the sports. He first of Xiah Thong. The Chinese also won the w a s well a t t e n d e d , t e s t i f y i n g to all thanked Mrs. Mc Fall, the wife of WRESTLING. Buffs Cup for Inter Company snap the District Officer for her kindness in t h e h i g h esteem in w h i c h t h e Dan O'Mahoney, who recently wen r hooting. C. S. M. Lee Kiah Wah was having consented to distribute the prizes. deceased a n d t h e W o n g family the wrestling championship of the in the winning team again. Then he thanked the prize-donors for world from Londos, is a native of Co. Sgt. Lee Kiah Thong was in the Chia r e held. Much s y m p a t h y is the rnagnificient prizes they had so Cork, Ireland. He went to America only nese Team which won the Oriental felt for M r s . Tet Look and h e r generously donated, the Officials for >ast year and his rapid rise to fame Telephone Co's Cup for superiority of the excellent work they had done, the seven children in t h e i d sad behas astonished followers of the game. spectators for having graced the occareavement. R.I.P. sion by their presence and the Butterworth Recreation Club for the permisTAMPIN. sion for the use of the field. Mrs. Mc. Fall was then called upon to give away F e a s t of S t . P h i l o m e n a , the prizes. (11th A u g u s t ) . After the distribution of. the prizes, T h e recently erected Church of Telephone No. 7843. Rev. Fr. Souhait informed the boys that T a m p i n , which was blessed by His they were having an extra week of holiL o r d s h i p , R t . Rev. A . Devals, D.D. days and on their return they would be no longer be in the present building but t w o m o n t h s ago, s a w its first in the new building now in course of celebration of t h e F e a s t of its erection. 71, Victoria Street, P a t r o n e s s , St. P h i l o m e n a . This j Three cheers for Mrs. Mc. Fall V i r g i n - M a r t y r of t h e C a t a c o m b s brought the function to a close. SINGAPORE. h a s a l r e a d y been known in Malaya for t h e o b t a i n i n g of m a n y favours, j s p i r i t of p r a y e r a s t h e i m p o r t a n t a t t e s t e d t o by t h e g r a t e f u l clients Wedding Cakes a Speciality f a v o u r t o a s k f r o m God t h r o u g h w h o c a m e from as f a r a s Tafpeng, t h e i n t e r c e s s i o n of S t . P h i l o m e n a . Assorted Cakes Maker, Tea P a r t y Supplier, Telok Anson, Kuala Lumpur, S e r e m b a n and Malacca t o t h a n k Communions totalled 110, a Hot and Cold Drinks, etc. t h e Saint. T h e crowd was such c o m m e n d a b l e figure for t h i s F i r s t t h a t m a n y h a d to be c o n t e n t w i t h Pilgrimage. Many favours have t h e s e a t s outside. R e v . F r . B e r t i n already been granted through Proprietor Ashness gave a short instruction petitions t o St. Philomena. All J O S E P H CHONG SIN TONG on p r a y e r t o God, t h e t r u e source petitions and donations to be sent of all f a v o u r s , and s t r e s s e d t h e to R e v . F . d e Silva, Malacca.

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THE VICTORIA CONFECTIONERY & STORE

;


MALAYA CATHOLIC LEADER,

8

AROUND SINGAPORE, PENANG, SINGAPORE CHURCH OF ST. JOSEPH SINGAPORE.

SATURDAY, 24th A U G U S T ,

THE

PARISHES

BUTTERWORTH,

MALACCA,

TAIPING,

TAMPIN.

IPOH,

CHURCH O F OUR L A D Y O F LOURDES.

Baptism. A l b e r t — b o r n on 1st A u g u s t , baby-boy of Mr. & M r s . A p p a s a m y Baptisms. L. S. N a t h a n . Baptised—on 7 t h A u g u s t 17. J o s e p h i n e de C a r v a l h o , August. God-parents—Mr. & M r s . b o r n on t h e 8 t h J u n e 1933, a d o p t e d d a u g h t e r of Helen de J . C. Sallay. Carvalho. God-parents:— Rev. F a t h e r L. Burghoffer>s A n t h o n y Conceicao and J a n e P a t r o n a l Day de Silva. A u g u s t 17. C a j e t a n Aloysius R a p p a , b o r n on t h e 7 t h A u g u s t , T h i r t y - n i n e y e a r s in t h e P a r i s h . 1935, d a u g h t e r of F r a n c i s Sunday 25th August (toJ a c o b R a p p a and of M a r y Rappa. G o d - p a r e n t s : — C o r - morrow) will b e observed as t h e nelio A r r i o l a and E l v i n a E n a P a t r o n a l D a y of t h e p a r i s h priest in t h e C h u r c h of Our Lady of Pestana. A u g u s t 17. Phillis E m i l y P e r e i r a , Lourdes w h e n t h e P a t r o n a l F e a s t b o r n on t h e 3 r d A u g u s t 1935, of Rev. F r . Louis Burghoffer will d a u g h t e r of H o r a c e S t a n l e y be celebrated w i t h a solemn h i g h The reverend P e r e i r a a n d of P a t r i c i a M a r y m a s s a t 8 a.m. Pereira. G o d - p a r e n t s : — J o h n f a t h e r will b e t h e h a p p y receipient R o d r i g u e s a n d S u s a n R o d r i - of m a n y g r e e t i n g s from t h e clergy a n d his . p a r i s h i o n e r s and also gues. from m a n y outside t h e i r r a n k s . Rev. F r . Burghoffer a t t a i n e d OBITUARY. his s i x t y - t h i r d b i r t h day on F e b r u a r y last. I n s p i t e of heavy calls At the General Hospital, on him t o m i n i s t e r to t h e spiritual S i n g a p o r e , t h e r e died on A u g u s t needs of h i s flock which had con15th, Mr. Louis Casimiro siderably increased in n u m b e r in D ' C o t t a , a g e d 64 y e a r s . T h e t h e last t w o decades t h e r e v e r e n d funeral c o r t e g e left t h e residence f a t h e r h a s alone carried on u n of Mr. H . H . de Souza, No. 589, ostentatiously t h e w o r k of h i s E a s t Coast Road, on A u g u s t 1 6 t h p a r i s h for a n u n b r o k e n period of a t 4-30 p.m. for t h e C h u r c h of thirty-nine years—save a short St. J o s e p h . T h e i n t e r m e n t took spell d u r i n g t h e G r e a t W a r . T h i s place a t B i d a d a r i later. continuous service h a s g r e a t l y imMr. D ' C o t t a w a s a very popu- paired h i s h e a l t h necessitating h i m l a r m e m b e r of t h e E u r a s i a n to lead a q u i e t life in r e c e n t y e a r s . c o m m u n i t y a n d a n exquisite deWith f a t h e r l y care t o w a r d s h i s s i g n e r in Decorative A r t . W e spiritual children, very frequently e x t e n d o u r s y m p a t h i e s t o M r . h e r e m i n d s his parishioners of H . H . de Souza a n d D r . M. t h e i r d u t i e s as C h r i s t i a n families d'Cotta, t h e n e p h e w s of t h e de- and of t h e fights t h e y h a v e t o p u t ceased g e n t l e m a n . R.I.P. a g a i n s t t h e enemies of Christ a n d His C h u r c h a t t h e p r e s e n t t i m e . C H U R C H O F S S . P E T E R A N D A s a lover of y o u t h h e h a s always shown g r e a t e r i n t e r e s t in t h e i r PAUL. welfare. More t h a n once he h a s vigourously denounced t h e m o d e r n S t . T a r c i s i u s E u c h a r i s t i c C r u s a d e . talkies a s a n t i - c h a m b e r s of p r o T h e F e a s t of St. Tarcisius w a s stitution a n d h e n e v e r h e s i t a t e s , celebrated by t h e Boy's Section of as occasion d e m a n d s , t o u t t e r a t h e Catholic Action on A u g u s t jwarning t o t h e y o u n g s t e r s w h o t h e s e p i c t u r e houses. 18th, 1935, a n d t h e y styled t h e m - frequent selves S t . T a r c i s i u s E u c h a r i s t i c W i t h a n a n x i o u s h e a r t h e views Crusade. t h e f u t u r e of t h i s p a r i s h as t h e A H i g h M a s s w a s s u n g b y R e v . present s t a t e of his h e a l t h compels F a t h e r L a u r e n t , A s s i s t a n t V i c a r him to live quietly. of t h e P a r i s h , a t 8.00 a.m. He Rev. F r . Burghoffer is responsig a v e a n i l l u m i n a t i n g s e r m o n on ble for t h e erection of a hall n e x t t h e life of t h e boy-saint. L i g h t t o t h e c h u r c h , which serves m a n y r e f r e s h m e n t s w e r e served a f t e r useful p u r p o s e s . H e is t h e SpiritM a s s a n d in t h e evening. Mr. T a n ual Director of T h e Catholic Action Boo C h o n g — t h e P r e s i d e n t of t h e Society a n d t h e P a t r o n of Catholic C r u s a d e r s invited all t h e m e m b e r s Young M e n ' s Association in t h i s t o a tiffin a t h i s residence. parish. L e t us all join and g r e e t Rev. F a t h e r Becheras, A c t i n g our beloved p a s t o r : — Vicar-General a n d Spiritual D i r e c Vivat paternitas vestra Vivat! t o r of t h e C r u s a d e r s spoke t o t h e vivat in Aeternum. boys in t h e i r club-house t h a t d a y , a n d e x h o r t e d t h e m t o be obedient PERSONALIA. t o t h e i r p a r e n t s and s u p e r i o r s , a n d t r y t o follow t h e footsteps of t h e i r Patron-Saint Tarcisius. It is Madam Yeo Siew C h e n g ' s 69th B i r t h d a y Celebration. g r a t i f y i n g t o n o t e t h a t all S e r v e r s Madam Yeo Siew Cheng celea n d Choir boys belong t o t h i s brated h e r 69th B i r t h d a y last SunCrusade. A g r o u p p h o t o g r a p h of all t h e day at h e r residence 7 1 1 , U p p e r m e m b e r s w i t h t h e i r Spiritual Di- Serangoon Road. A dinner w a s r e c t o r Rev. F a t h e r B e c h e r a s a n d held l a r g e l y a t t e n d e d by friends their Supervisor Rev. F a t h e r and relatives. A m o n g t h e l a t t e r L a u r e n t w a s t a k e n in t h e a f t e r - nresent w e r e two of h e r g r a n d s o n s : noon. T h e C r u s a d e r s w i s h t o Mr. J o h n of St. X a v i e r ' s S e m i n a r y . r e c o r d t h e i r t h a n k s t o Mr. J o s e p h Punggol R o a d ; and Bro. P e t e r of Novitiate, Pulau C h o n g Sin T o n g for p r e s e n t i n g St. J o s e p h ' s Tikus. t h e m w i t h c a k e s and d r i n k s .

Madam Yeo is a c o m m i t t e e m e m b e r of t h e Chinese Catholic Action (Women's section), and is t h e superintendent of t h e Benevolent "Department. S h e is assisted by h e r daughter-in-law A n n a T a y H o n g Keow. SINGAPORE

CATHOLIC

CLUB.

T h e Annual General Meeting wiil be held a t t h e Club on Sunday, 25th A u g u s t , 1935, a t 9-15 a.m. ( a f t e r t h e High M a s s ) . 1. 2.

3. 4.

BUSINESS: To confirm m i n u t e s of previous meeting. To receive t h e Committee's Report a n d S t a t e m e n t of Accounts for the year ended 30th J u n e , 1935, and, if approved, to pass t h e m . To elect t h e Committee for t h e ensuing year. To t r a n s a c t a n y other business t h a t m a y be brought forward. W. M O S B E R G E N , Honorary Secretary. E X C E R P T S FROM T H E REPORT.

Accounts:— The income for the year ($2,121-49) fully covered t h e expenditure ($1,822-51), which includes $64-37 for depreciation, t h u s shewing a net profit of $298-98. Cash on 30th J u n e , 1935, w a s $1,824-99 as a g a i n s t $1,529-91 on 30th J u n e , 1934. Investment:— T h e Club has t h e sum of $500-00 invested in Singapore Municipal Loan @ 41/2 %. Entertainment:— Before the Right Reverend F a t h e r Ruaudel, P r e s i d e n t of t h e Club left on long leave, t h e memb e r s of t h e Club and t h e parishion e r s of t h e C a t h e d r a l of t h e " Good Shepherd " and of K a t o n g Church, e n t e r t a i n e d him to a Farewell Tea P a r t y a t t h e Volunt e e r Drill Hall on 29th April. There was a large attendance and t h e function w a s a g r e a t success. His Excellency Bishop Devals and several priests were present. We cordially welcome t h e Rev. F a t h e r N. M a u r y , who arrived on 11th May. A s Parish Priest F a t h e r Maury becomes President of t h e Club. Obituary:— I t is with deep r e g r e t t h a t t h e Committee have t o place on record t h e d e a t h s of:— (a) His Excellency Dr. Emile Barillon, a P a t r o n of t h e Club. In h i s younger days he was a prominent figure a t t h e Club functions and was g r e a t l y interested in its activities. He was personally acquainted with t h e senior m e m b e r s of t h e Club. (b) Mr. S. C. de Souza and his son, Mr. G. F . de Souza. The former, who w a s a member of t h e Committee, Y>ok a keen interest in t h e welfare of t h e Club and was held in h i g h esteem by t h e m e m b e r s . The l a t t e r rendered valuable assistance to.

KUALA LUMPUR, t h e o r c h e s t r a l sections of t h e Club a n d t h e Children's Christmas Entertainments for m a n y years. Catholic A c t i o n S o c i e t y : — On 8 t h N o v e m b e r , 1934, t h e C o m m i t t e e p a s s e d a Resolution a g r e e i n g t o t h e proposal of His Excellency B i s h o p Devals for t h e Catholic A c t i o n Society t o use t h e u p p e r floor of t h e Club a t a reduced r e n t a l of $25-00 p e r m o n t h I from 1st J a n u a r y , 1935, t h e Club r e s e r v i n g t h e r i g h t to t h e use of t h e u p p e r floor for m e e t i n g s and social f u n c t i o n s . T h e r e n t paid by t h e Club previously was $50-00 a month. Honorary Auditors:— T h e t h a n k s of t h e Club a r e due j to M e s s r s . F . do R o r a r i o a n d A. S. I Sullivan f o r t h e i r services. 1

T R I N I T Y C O L L E G E O F MUSIC. T h e following pupils of t h e Convent of t h e Holy I n f a n t J e s u s were successful in t h e T r i n i t y College of Music ( L o n d o n ) t h e o r y examination held in S i n g a p o r e l a s t J u n e . Advanced I n t e r m e d i a t e . Y. Le Mercier. (Hons.) I n t e r m e d i a t e Division. V. Bong. (Hons.) Advanced J u n i o r Division. B. P h i p p s . (Hons.) P . H u t c h i n s o n (Hons.) M. C h a n . (Hons.) L. Suzuki. (Hons.) S. Kenlay. ( P a s s ) . J u n i o r Division. E. Hancock. (Hons.) E . S a k a i . ( H o n s . ) . P r e p a r a t o r y Division. C. Chelvan. (Hons.)

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SERANGOON H.I.E. SCHOOL. The school closed for the August Holidays on Wednesday, the 14th inst., and will re-open on Monday, the 16th September. Mr. P. A. D'Costa, the headmaster, a great friend of and a contributor to the M. C. L., sailed for India on leave by thee S. S. ' Rohna' on Thursday, 15th instant., and will be away for 5 months. The staff of the H.I.E.S., and a few of the students were present fct the wharf to bid him "Bon Voyage." During his absence, Mr. Tay Keng Hock will act for him.

G A R D E N P A R T Y IN L A B U A N . Rev. F a t h e r S t o t t e r Mill Hill F a t h e r w a s one of t h e g u e s t s invited t o a t t e n d t h e G a r d e n P a r t y a t L a b u a n on t h e occasion of t h e visit of H . E . Sir S h e n t o n T h o m a s . L a d y T h o m a s and Miss T h o m a s . This is S i r S h e n t o n ' s first official t o u r of S a r a w a k , B r u n e i and B r i t i s h N o r t h Borneo. Father S t o t t e r h a s been m a n y y e a r s in Labuan.

CYMA t h e Countries. WATCHES and CHRONOMETERS acknowledged the BEST in al! Agent:

RENE ULLMANN. SINGAPORE.


19

AROUND THE PARISHES

PENANG

MALACCA

"FEAST OF THE ASSUMPTION/

PENANG CONVENT " A T HOME."

BAPTISM. T h e Chapel at P r a y a Lane, T h e r e w e r e 12 m e n a n d 8 women B a n d a Hilir, Malacca b e a r i n g t h e w h o received t h e S a c r a m e n t of n a m e of O u r Lady of A s s u m p t i o n A H a p p y Reunion of A l u m n i . Baptism in t h e C h u r c h of St. F r a n - celebrated t h e p a t r o n a l feast by a T h e a n n u a l C o n v e n t " A t H o m e " I cis Xavier on A u g u s t 15th a t t h e Solemn H i g h Mass being s u n g b y was held on S a t u r d a y it h e 10th h a n d s of t h e R e d e m p t o r i s t F a t h e r i Revd. F a t h e r Coroado on S u n d a y i n s t a n t . T h e C o n v e n t Hall w a s | E. Gallagher and 7 i n f a n t s were I 18th inst. T h e compound was tastefully decorated f o r t h e occa- baptised on A u g u s t 18th by Revd. decked with flags s t r e a m e r s and a r c h e s of n a t u r a l palms a n d eversion, a n d t a b l e s w e r e laid for a I F a t h e r F . de Silva. greens. The Altar was very large n u m b e r of g u e s t s . neately decorated a n d v i s i t o r s from A highly appreciated proAngela B e r n a d e t t e d a u g h t e r of Singapore, N e g r i Sembilan a n d t h e g r a m m e w a s gone t h r o u g h in t h e George A. Rogers a n d Kathleen Federal Capital were p r e s e n t . space of a n h o u r — a u n i q u e t r i b u t e to t h e Ladies w h o in a s p i r i t Beins w a s born on A u g u s t 4th a n d Vespers w a s held in t h e evening which did h o n o u r t o t h e m s e l v e s w a s baptised on A u g u s t 10th a t followed by a procession a n d Beneand t h e i r School, combined so t h e C h u r c h of St. F r a n c i s Xavier. diction of t h e Blessed S a c r a m e n t . God-parents Felix Beins and A t h a n k s g i v i n g service w a s held generously a n d e n t h u s i a s t i c a l l y in providing w h a t w a s a g e n e r a l Louisa P i n t o . on Monday t h e 19th p e r f o r m e d b y Rev. F a t h e r B e r t i n Ashness by Revd. F a t h e r Lourenco. source of a m u s e m e n t . T h e p r o officiated. g r a m m e included t w o beautiful piano d u e t s , o n e b y Miss L. M a t t h e w s , and M r s . M. C h a n , t h e Joseph A n t h o n y son of MatTAIPING o t h e r b y M r s . J . W. B o y l e a n d Miss t h e w A. Carvalho a n d Juliet B. S t e w a r t . A g r o u p of p a s t A l c a n t a r a w a s born on A u g u s t pupils s a n g t h e s o n g " G r e e t i n g s " 3rd and b a p t i s e d A u g u s t 11th. C H U R C H O F OUR L A D Y O F and M r s . G. F o r r e s t w i t h M r s . God-parents Charles Carvalho SACRED H E A R T . J. W. Boyle e x e c u t e d t h e piece " M y P r e t t y M a i d " t o t h e a p - and Muriel Carvalho. Rev. F a t h e r B e r t i n Ashness p l a u s e of a n a p p r e c i a t i v e audience. Baptisms. T h e comic play " T h e i r P a y i n g officiated. On Tuesday, 13th A u g u s t , 1935, G u e s t " w a s received w i t h loud a p a t t h e C h u r c h of Our L a d y of t h e plause. Best congratulations are Lucy J o a n Gomes d a u g h t e r of Sacred H e a r t , Klian P a u , Taiping, accorded t o M r s . G. V . Robless w h o Simon G o m e s and Alice de Costa Rev. F a t h e r 0 . Dupoirieux officiatp e r s o n a t e d so a d m i r a b l y t h e n e r v - w a s born on A u g u s t 4 t h and w as ed a t a good n u m b e r of b a p t i s m s . ous widow, to Misses Ho P h a i k baptised a t t h e C h u r c h of St. A m o n g t h e adults w h o w e r e bapT e e n a n d C. Low, w h o s e com- F r a n c i s X a v i e r on A u g u s t 11th. tised w e r e : — p o s u r e by c o n t r a s t showed up t o God-parents Ralph Dias and J o s e p h Choo P i a n g the greatest advantage. Miss Florence Gomes. P a u l Lee Choong Phyllis Boudville p l a y e d t h e roll of Revd. F a t h e r B e r t i n A s h n e s s J o h n Lo Siong t h e p a y i n g g u e s t w i t h s i n g u l a r officiated. A n n e N g Chin Chao ability a n d all a g r e e d t h a t a v e r y * * * * J o s e p h Foong C h i p laughable element would have Maria Kao been m i s s i n g in t h e absence of E l i z a b e t h Florence d a u g h t e r of J o h n F o o n g Va Mrs. Yeoh Woon H i n g w h o took E d w i n Y o u n g and Rosalind de A n t h o n y Foong Yoo t h e p a r t of M a r y , t h e maid. Costa w a s born on A u g u s t 6th a n d whilst t h e children w e r e : — M r s . J . H . P h i p p s t h e n r e a d a n baptised on A u g u s t 13th. Benedict Foong A h L o n g a d d r e s s couched in s u i t a b l e t e r m s , God-parents Simon F r e d e r i c k s T h e r e s a Maria L o N g o o t F a n to which t h e Rev. M o t h e r replied and Lucy Theseira. M a r i a Lo Kiung F a n . fittingly. A t e l e g r a m e x p r e s s i n g Rev. F a t h e r B e r t i n Ashness good w i s h e s a n d b l e s s i n g s f r o m officiated. His L o r d s h i p B i s h o p Devals w a s then r e a d o u t b y t h e Rev. M o t h e r . REV. MOTHER ST. ETIENNE FETED. After the entertainment, drinks, OBITUARIES. The esteem in which she was held by cakes a n d ices w e r e served in t h e T o m m y Rodrigues a n old resiail those under her charge manifested itseit on Thursday last when the pupils old Hall a n d on t h e t e n n i s court. d e n t of Malacca w h o w a s ailing and staff of the Taiping Convent put up During the refreshments an for s o m e t i m e died a t his resia variety entertainment in honour of the orchestra played some choice dence a t P o r t u g u e s e S t r e e t on patronai feast of Rev. Mother St. pieces a n d soon t h e whole a p a r t 12th A u g u s t . H e leaves behind jcJtienne, the popular Mother Superior of the Taiping Convent. ment w a s alive v i t h colour a n d a wife a d a u g h t e r a n d several The programme got up was very gaiety. g r a n d children to m o u r n his loss. entertaining and the whole-hearted Reverend m o t h e r wishes to T h e burial took place a t 8 a.m. manner in which the pupils went through their acts must have been very pleasing t h a n k t h e m a n a g e r of t h e E . a n d on A u g u s t 14th. R.I.P. to the Rev. Mother. O. Hotel for h a v i n g kindly l e n t The item by Std. Ill who enacted the F r a n c i s J a m e s N o l a n a pupil the Hotel O r c h e s t r a t o enliven "Clever Cobbler," kept the audience in of St. Francis' Institution "la fete en famille" a s well a s merry mood. Miss Irene de Souza was Malacca, died of t y p h o i d at t h e very good as the cobbler whilst Miss all t h o s e w h o c o n t r i b u t e d t o w a r d s Florence Dissanayaka as the old lady General Hospital, Malacca on the success of t h e " A t H o m e . " played her part well. S a t u r d a y , A u g u s t 10th. The Another item worthy of mention is the burial took place on Sunday * Cradle Song" rendered fc>y the little FETE WEEK OPENS AT THE evening. H e left behind a girls of Primary II but the palm must COVENT. be given to the tiny tot who went Mother, two S i s t e r s , and a On Wednesday, August 7th at 5 p.m., through the acts very quietly. b r o t h e r t o m o u r n h i s loss. T h e two Inter-House Net-Ball matches markThe Japanese Dance by the Misses ed the opening of the celebrations at deceased won t h e school scholarSatow was an object of gracefulness and the Convent in honour of the patronal ship b u t was disqualified as h e charm. The act was all the more feast of the Lady Superior. was not t h r e e y e a r s in t h e interesting as such performances are The Junior Blue House defeated the seldom seen in Taiping. school. H e w a s a v e r y b r i g h t Junior Reds when they met for the The tit-bit of the evening's entertainand deligent pupil and w a s p r e Challenge Cup presented to the Convent ment was undoubtedly the Trial Scene by B. P. De Silva Ltd. in memory of p a r i n g for t h e Senior Cambridge. from Dicken's "Pickwick Papers." the late Mudliar B. P. De Silva. The R.I.P. The characters were all dressed up in players on both sides were brisk and r

vigorous; much credit work was done by the goal-keepers and defenders while the field-play was clean, nimble and lofty, with that spring-movement often lacking in Junior Teams. The score was—Blue House: 8. Red House; 5. A splendid encounter took place between the Senior Houses—Green and Gold. At half-time, the score was four J»l and throughout the spectators had been treated to a most exciting display °f skill on the part of either team. In ^ne second half, the Gold House scored tnree goals with comparative ease and -hough the morale of the Greens in no a y abated, they failed to exceed a «*al of five, thus losing the Cup to ™eir opponents. The Senior Net Ball —auenge Cup had been graciously prey e d by Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Cheah. (The rest of the account to appear in the next i<$nc) w

A u g u s t a aged 7 y e a r s , daught e r of Mr. & Mrs. F r a n c i s S t a M a r i a died on S u n d a y , A u g u s t 18th in t h e m o r n i n g . She w a s ailing for some m o n t h s . The burial took place on Monday morning, A u g u s t 19th. R.I.P. REQUIEM

MASS.

A Requim Mass w a s sung on T h u r s d a y , A u g u s t 22nd at t h e Chapel of Our Lady of Assumption, P r a y a L a n e , B a n d a Hilir Malacca for t h e repose of t h e Soul of Miss Maida de Rozairo, d a u g h t e r of Mr. and Mrs. Willie de Rozairo.

costumes of the period and looked very charming in them. A touch of the period was deftly given by the dresses. This sketch was put up by the Cambridge Students and the excellent acting by all the participants is a tribute to the hard work put in by all to make the play a success. Miss Tan Sam Moy made a very cinvincing " Mr. Pickwick " whilst Miss Nomita Sen Gupta proved a capable " Sergeant Buzfuz." The surprise dance by the Boarders, Dressed as Red Indians with the indispensable war paint and the battle cry brought the house down with laughter. A fitting ending to a pleasant evening's entertainment was the piano duet played by the Misses Winnie and Stella Jayesuria. Their rendering of "La Paloma " was exquisite and were deservedly greeted with loud applause at the end of their performanc.

KUALA

LUMPUR

ST. A N T H O N Y ' S C H U R C H . OBITUARY. We r e g r e t to record t h e d e a t h of Mr. A. Michael, b r o t h e r of t h e late Mr. A. Gabriel which occurred on t h e 5th i n s t a n t a t h i s residence No. 7, Hicks Road, Kuala L u m p u r . A f t e r ailing for some t i m e h e passed away peacefully a t t h e a g e of 57 a f t e r receiving t h e last r i t e s of t h e c h u r c h . H e w a s a m e m b e r of t h e Sodality of t h e I m m a c u l a t e Conception of St. A n t h o n y ' s Church, Kuala Lumpur. The i n t e r m e n t took place on t h e 6 t h i n s t a n t and t h e r e w a s a l a r g e g a t h e r i n g of relatives a n d m e m bers of Sodality a t t h e C e m e t e r y . T h e l a t e Mr. Michael leaves behind a widow and five children to m o u r n his loss. A R e q u i e m H i g h Mass w a s offered b y t h e Sodality f o r t h e repose of his soul on 17 t h A u g u s t , 1935. R.I.P. PERSONAL. M e s s r s . P . Clement, A. A r o k i a n a t h a n a n d I. Nicholas of G e n e r a l College P u l a u Tikus, P e n a n g , a n d A. A u s t i n and K. A n t h o n y of S t . Xavier's Seminary, Singapore, a r e now in K u a l a L u m p u r f o r t h e i r vacation. All t h e s e S e m i n a r i s t s are Indians. A N N U A L SPORTS AT THE TAIPING CONVENT. Prior to closing school for the midsummer vacation, the Taiping Convent held its annual sports at the boarders ! play-ground on Friday, August 9th. Owing to the sports being of an in! formal nature, no invitations were issued j and the large gathering present was mainly composd of pupils and a fair sprinking of visitors among whom were' Mr. A. Keir, Inspector of Schools, Perak, Rev. Fathers Dupoirieux and Olcomendy. Mrs. R. P. S. Walker, wife of the Principal of King Edward VII School, Taiping, gave away the prizes at the I conclusion of the meet. ; Beautiful weather prevailed and keen • competition was seen at all the events. ! It was a pleasant and enjoyable function and reflects much credit on the splendid ! work of the sisters and teachers who have not overlooked the athletic and i recreative side of their pupils. Of the items, the one that caused the I most amusement was "Finding the coin j in the flour." Miss Gertrude Gregory i after having unwillingly and unconscious| ly smutched her face with a liberal ! supply of flour eventually came out the I winner. I The tug-of-war between the pupils of Standard VI and VII found the girls of the V l l t h stronger than those of the Vlth. There were no events for the teachers. RESULTS. The detailed results are as follows:— Winners. Obstacle Race—Miss A. Manikam. Blind Race—Miss Karko. Crawling Race—Miss Ann Davis. Self-Legged Race—Miss Ibrahim Khan. Sitting Race—Lee Fook Voon. Shoe Race—Miss Choo Poh. Potato Race—Miss Poh Cheok. Obstacle Race—Miss Kitty de Silva. Eating Race—Miss Clothilde. Finding the coin in the flour—Miss Gertrude Gregory. Thread and Needle Race—Miss See Keow. Slipper and Umbrella Race—Miss Hawabee. Sack Race—Miss Chong Seng Keow. Arithmetic Race—Miss Sarasworthy. Slow Cycle Race—Miss Cecilia Murugasu. Hopping Candle Race—Miss Moey Swee Mee. Finding the North Pole—Miss Saw Swan Kee. Through the Carpet Race—Miss Ma Kow. Obstacle Race—Miss Lily Rozells. Tug-of-war—Standard VII. King's Camp—Standard VII. (Continued

on pa«c 17 Co/. 3 & 4)


OFFICIAL

ORGAN

OF

CATHOLIC

ACTION

PUBLISHED WEEKLY. 20 Pages.

MALAYA

No. 34.

CATHOLIC

LEADER,

10 Cents.

S A T U R D A Y , 24th A U G U S T , 1935-

WEEKS GALLERY OF PHOTOS

T h e poor babies cared for by t h e Convent of t h e Holy I n f a n t Jesus, S i n g a p o r e .

[Photo

by

MESSRS.

PAUL &

Co.]

A recent p h o t o g r a p h of Rev. F r . Louis Burghoffer, Mis. Ap., V i c a r of t h e C h u r c h of O u r L a d y of L o u r d e s , Singapore, w h o will celebrate h i s p a t r o n a l August.

feast

on

Sunday,

25th

T h e R e v . F a t h e r , w h o is s i x t y t h r e e y e a r s of a g e

h a s t h e unique distinction of h a v i n g laboured in t h e s a m e p a r i s h for well nigh 39 y e a r s .

(See p a g e 18).

P A G O D A O F T U N G K U N showing t h e splendour of Chinese A r c h i t e c t u r e . A Catholic P r i e s t is seen with an umbrella n e x t t o t h e pillar.

A n exterior view of t h e orphanage of t h e Convent of t h e Hoiy Infant J e s u s , S i n g a p o r e .

A F I V E S T O R E Y E D P A G O D A of Canton Ancient R a m p a r t s .

Published by Rev. Fr. Cardon and Printed by Lithographers Limited, 37/3 8, Wallich Street, Singapore S S

with


AUGUST 24, 1935, VOL 01, N0 34