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MALAYA CATHOLIC LEADER, S A T U R D A Y , 3 r d A U G U S T , 1 9 3 5 .

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P R I E S T S E F F O R T S T O IMP R O V E ECONOMIC C O N D I T I O N OF NEGROES.

b$ A i r A National Scheme Coming? T h e N a t i o n a l Council of Social S e r vice, w h i c h f o r m e r l y has m e t o n l y a t Oxford o r C a m b r i d g e , this y e a r held i t s m e e t i n g s a t B r i s t o l , a n d it w a s a n n o u n c ed t h a t Y o r k w o u l d be t h e c e n t r e n e x t year. Summer The Social a n d T h e o l o g i c a l Schools w h i c h w e still c o n t i n u e t o r u n at t h e U n i v e r s i t i e s , should n o t e t h a t a t r a v e l l i n g circus i s t h e m o d e m idea, b u t that i s b y t h e w a y . What is of interest from Bristol meetings is the hint given by Professor Scott W a t s o n t h a t t h e r e i s a c h a n c e o f a n a t i o n a l s c h e m e o f land s e t t l e m e n t . The professor said that w e m a y e x pect i n t h e f u t u r e a d i m i n i s h i n g c o n sumption of plain things, like bread, beef and p o t a t o e s , a n d a n i n c r e a s i n g c o n sumption of chickens, green peas, aspar a g u s , e g g s , a n d f r u i t , and t h a t in t h i s c h a n g e o v e r t h e B r i t i s h f a r m e r m u s t look for h i s f u t u r e m a r k e t . W e cannot believe that subsistence farming would lead to a fall in t h e cons u m p t i o n of p l a i n t h i n g s , b u t r a t h e r t h e reverse. P r e s e n t e x p e r i m e n t s u n d e r t h e aegis of t h e Land Settlement Association s h o u l d b e directed t o s u b s i s t e n c e , and n o t m a r k e t , f a r m i n g .

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Human Needs the Standard. Our s e x - r i d d e n p r e s s h a s c o n c e n t r a t e d a t t e n t i o n o n t h e L.C.C. a n d m a r r i e d w o m e n , b e c a u s e t h e General P u r p o s e s Committee has recommended that certain married doctors and teachers be allowed to retain their posts. F e w newspapers, though, reported an I i m p o r t a n t r e c o m m e n d a t i o n o f t h e L.C.C. t H o s p i t a l s a n d Medical S e r v i c e s C o m - I

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Human Needs and Family Needs. W e s h o u l d find i n t h e e n d t h a t i t i s c h e a p e r , t h a t , a s t h e L.C.C. R e p o r t s a y s with regard to hospital accommodation, if t h e c o m f o r t a n d w e l l - b e i n g o f h u m a n beings is considered " a l l other cons i d e r a t i o n s a n d all t h e o r e t i c a l f o r m u l a s can be disregarded." H u m a n n e e d s a n d f a m i l y n e e d s are the things to which the Popes always call a t t e n t i o n w h e n s e e k i n g t h e clue t o sane social reform. I n this country w e t r y , b y social s e r v i c e s , f r e e education, s t a t e i n s u r a n c e , s t a t e m e d i c a l a i d and s o o n , t o d i s r e g a r d t h e f a m i l y b a s i s of reckoning, to ignore the primary s t a n d a r d , f a m i l y w e l l - b e i n g a n d comfort. The bureaucratic mind w a n t s national standards for everything, and imposes r i g i d f o r m u l a s b a s e d o n a v e r a g e s , whe** the plain fact i s that there is no average m a n , b u t only individuals, w h o vary infinitely in their outlook and needs. The short c u t t o s a n i t y h a s been disc o v e r e d b y o n e L.C.C. C o m m i t t e e , a n d if t h e L a b o u r P a r t y o n c e b e c o m e s imbued w i t h t h e s t a n d a r d s of t h i s c o m m i t t e e , it will re-make t h e country, b u t it will have ceased to seek its inspiration in Socialism.

D r a g g i n g The P o p e In. N o doubt with t h e best intentions, the Sunday Referee appealed last week to t h e P o p e to i n t e r v e n e i n t h e I t a l i a n Abyssinian dispute, but w e cannot believe that the appea! w a s well-considered.

j£$*g. Ckatt Cta* C^ttfe a itag

mittee, scrapping standards of accomm o d a t i o n in t h e hospital w a r d s b a s e d o n such considerations a s air pollution, etc. " T h e y h a d n o r e a l scientific f o u n d a t i o n , " s a y s t h e Report. "Experience has proved t h a t t h e comfort and wellb e i n g o f t h e p a t i e n t a n d h i s efficient be t h e d e t e r m i n i n g treatment should factors." T h i s l i t t l e b r e a t h of s h e e r c o m m o n s e n s e is t h e k i n d of t h i n g w e a r e c o n s t a n t l y a d v o c a t i n g . In a l l d e p a r t m e n t s of life l e t u s c o n s i d e r t h e c o m f o r t a n d w e l l - b e i n g of m e n a n d w o m e n , n o t s o m e abstract formula, into which human bei n g s a r e m a d e t o fit, w i t h t h e s a m e u n happy results a s attended t h e Chinese w o m e n w h o c r a m p e d their f e e t . of Man's n e e d s a r e t h e m e a s u r e t h i n g s , and n o t v i c e v e r s a , b u t w e m u s t illustrate.

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W a g e s and Houses. The m o d e r n i d e a i s t o build h o u s e s t o a price, n o t t o t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s of a normal f a m i l y . S u c h h o u s e s p u t a p r e mium on contraception, and w e cannot always avoid t h e suspicion t h a t that is w h a t t h e y a r e m e a n t t o do. I n s t e a d o f f o u r good b i g b e d r o o m s , which a n y n o r m a l f a m i l y w i l l r e q u i r e i n t i m e , w e find t h e t w o - b e d r o o m t y p e v e r y common, and w h e n there is a third bedroom, i t is often no b i g g e r than a decent rabbit h u t c h . Complain, and y o u are told that bigwhich ger houses are uneconomical, means o n l y t h a t t h e r e n t s w o u l d h a v e to b e h i g h e r . B u t w h y s h o u l d t h e r e n t govern the f a m i l y ? W h y should not a big f a m i l y h a v e a big h o u s e a n d p a y a big r e n t ? B e c a u s e , w e a r e told, i n d u s t r y c a n n o t afford h i g h e r w a g e s , t h e b i g g e s t l i e of all. W a g e s a n d c o s t s a r e b u t a r a t i o , in a n y c a s e , b u t i n d u s t r y ' s b e s t friend is the b i g f a m i l y , the c o n s u m i n g f a m i l y . Children a r e n o n - p r o d u c e r s b u t g r e a t consumers. Why not start with the assumption that the only standard f o r w a g e s and rent and prices i s the w e l l - b e i n g of t h e r o ^ a l and normally expanding family until ?

T h e nations do n o t want men o f religion t o interfere in politics, and a n y attempt b y the H o l y Father t o express a n opinion publicly o n a political matter w o u l d c a u s e t h e a n t i c l e r i c a l Dations a n d governments to close the ranks against h i m . R e m e m b e r t h e P a c t o f London. The rather puerile a n d silly modern i d e a i s t h a t e d u c a t i o n h a s n o w fitted t h e l a y m a n t o do all his political business w i t h o u t t h e a i d o f m e n o f God. A f e w c e n t u r i e s a g o t h e l a y m a n w a s t o o proud t o d o a n y t h i n g b u t fight. L e t t e r s a n d t r e a t y - m a k i n g w e r e o n l y fit f o r p r i e s t s . So he thought. Nowadays the layman has grown up. H e knows more than h i s old t u t o r , a n d b y J o v e , h e w i l l ^ o t suffer h i s i n t e r f e r e n c e ! H e w i l l g r o w o u t o f t h i s mood. I n f a c t h e is a l r e a d y g r o w i n g o u t o f i t . H e i s b e g i n n i n g t o call i n h i s t u t o r a t l e a s t e v e r y t i m e h e m a k e s a m e s s of i t himself. Spies in Spain. Spain w a s the last country to b e affected b y n a t i o n a l i s t f e v e r , b u t u n d o u b t e d l y i t i s c a u s i n g her t o run a high temperature just a t present. T h e English " miss is a s b i g a b o g y t h e r e a s t h e German gipsies were over here before the w a r . 99

A f e w unpleasant incidents have o c curred. W o m e n h a v e b e e n fired a t b y patriotic peasants, and Miss Court w a s imprisoned on the evidence of a m a n who knew practically no English, f o r criticising the Spanish government. She w a s acquitted of the charge, and her a c c u s e r w a s fined f o r n o t a p p e a r i n g a t t h e trial. The severity of the sentence passed on Captain Kane is a s surprising a s i t is excessive. N o doubt it will be r e duced, or p e r h a p s r e m i t t e d a s a r e s u l t of representations b e i n g made t o t h e Spanish government. Lord Castlerosse wrote on Sunday a b o u t C a p t a i n K a n e , a n d censured t h e

BACKED BY SOUTH AFRICAN TEACHER'S CONFERENCE.

Salisbury, (Southern Rhodesia, Africa).—Rev. B e r n a r d H u s s , of t h e Mariannhill Missionaries, who for m a n y y e a r s has been engaged in social work a m o n g t h e n a t i v e s of South Africa, has been proposed a s a n a u t h o r i t y t o d r a w up a survey of t h e conditions a n d possibilities of co-operative o r g a n i s a t i o n in South Africa. The proposal w a s expressed in a resolution passed a t t h e Inter-territorial Conference on African Village Development a n d Education, held a t Salisbury in June. T h e C h a i r m a n of t h e Conference, D r . C. T. L o r a m , P r o f e s s o r of Education a t Yale U n i v e r s i t y , formerly Chief Inspector of N a t i v e Education in N a t a l a n d for t e n y e a r s a m e m b e r of t h e N a t i v e Affairs Commission of S o u t h Africa, said t h a t F a t h e r H u s s ' s eff o r t s t o improve t h e economic of t h e S o u t h African position B a n t u were well know n in A m e r i c a ; h e also said t h a t P r o t e s t a n t missionaries should n o t be afraid of h i m because he is a Catholic priest. F a t h e r H u s s read a p a p e r on ' T h e Significance of t h e Cooperative Movement i n African Village Development." After a discussion on this subject, a r e solution w a s formulated a n d a p proved by t h e Conference, worded t h u s : " A n impetus t o t h e advancem e n t of t h e co-operative movem e n t in Africa would be given if a survey, u n d e r t a k e n w i t h t h e help of t h e g o v e r n m e n t s concerned, w e r e m a d e of t h e conditions a n d possibilities of cooperative organisation in t h e different t e r r i t o r i e s , , a n d such a s u r v e y would prove m o s t successful b y e n l i s t i n g t h e services of experienced a u t h o r i t i es, such a s Mr. Strickland a n d t h e Rev. F a t h e r B e r n a r d H u s s . " of Southern The Governor Rhodesia, H i s Excellency S i r H e r b e r t Stanley, was p r e s e n t a t t h e Conference.—(Fides) r

" decadent dagoes " w h o m Drake, or a n other of o u r pirates, s o deservedly chastised. Such extremes of speech are regrettable. They are due t o English arrogance. W h a t is more important, t h e y cause s o m e o f o u r people t o b e h a v e i n a d i s g u s t i n g m a n n e r in S p a i n a n d o t h e r countries. The Hectoring Briton

Abroad.

People brought up on the Captain Kettle tradition, the modern version of t h e D ^ a k e — R a l e i g h buccaneejr s t o r i e s , a r e a p t to b e h a v e w i t h i n s o l e n c e t o w a r d s " decadent dagoes," b u t t h e y would b e w e l l a d v i s e d t o think t w i c e b e f o r e e m u lating Captain Kettle to-day. The Italians certainly will n o t tolerate it, a n d t h e S p a n i a r d s a r e b e c o m i r g e q u a l l y s e n s i t i v e w h e r e n a t i o n a l pride is concerned. Our p e o p l e s h o u l d b e warned that the old-fashioned w a y of b u l l y i n g L a t i n s is n o w r e a U y d a n g e r o u s . They have learnt h o w t o retaliate in kind. N a t u r a l l y none of t h e s e r e m a r k s a p p l y t o C a p t a i n K a n e or M i s s Court. T h e y are s u g g e s t e d b y t h e a g g r e s s i v e n e s s of Lord C a s t l e r o s s e ' s c o m m e n t s , and b e c a u s e w e h a v e o u r s e l v e s s e e n E n l i s h people h e c t o r i n g a n d s t r i k i n g both Italians and Spaniards, a s t h e readiest w a y o f e n d i n g an a r g u m e n t . W e f e l t ashamed of them. It w a s a l w a y s t h e w r o n g w a y , a n d i s especially s o now t h a t nationalism is r a m p a n t . I t would b e b e t t e r t o encoura g e our p e o p l e to l e a r n t h o r o u g h l y t h e language and customs of the countries t h e y intend t o visit, a n d to* b e h a v e t h e r e a s they would in decent society a t home. (Catholic T i m e s , J u l y 19).

DROUGHT COMPELS CHINESE R E F U G E E S TO S E E K N E W HOMES. Siwantze, (Mongolia).—The p r o vincial g o v e r n m e n t of S h a n t u n g h a s s t a r t e d a movement of m a s s emigration to Chahar. The d r o u g h t in S h a n t u n g h a s c r e a t e d a s h o r t a g e of food, while C h a h a r , j owing to a long e r a of o u t l a w r y and several y e a r s of b a d crops, h a s been g r e a t l y depopulated and i n need of i n h a b i t a n t s . I t is planned to settle 30 families for e v e r y already g r o u p of 20 families dwelling in t h e province. Eight villages h a v e been organized s o f a r b u t t h e difficulties a r e m a n y . T h e people from S h a n t u n g h a v e n o t t h e m e a n s t o b u y food supplies, live stock, f a r m i n g tools, & c , a n d , moreover, t h e y find t h e climate .of Mongolia v e r y severe. Missiona r i e s expect t h a t t h i s m o v e m e n t of colonization m a y h a v e a good effect in e x t e n d i n g t h e Church, b e cause t h e n e w a r r i v a l s will find m a n y Catholic chapels in t h e region b u t f e w p a g a n p a g o d a s . — RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION MENACE TO P E A C E . L o n d o n . — P e r s e c u t i o n of religion is declared a m e n a c e t o peace i n a resolution passed b y t h e E x ecutive C o m m i t t e e of t h e L e a g u e of N a t i o n s Union h e r e . A f t e r considering a u n a n i m o u s r e p o r t of i t s C h r i s t i a n O r g a n i s a tions Committee, which eonsits o f r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s of t h e Church of England, t h e Catholic Church, t h e F r e e C h u r c h e s a n d t h e Salvation Army, t h e Executive Committee adopted t h i s resolution: " T h e E x e c u t i v e Committee of t h e L e a g u e of N a t i o n s Union }s concerned a b o u t t h e religious i n tolerance a t p r e s e n t shown in c e r t a i n countries. I t believes t h a t BO g o v e r n m e n t t h a t denies t o its s u b j e c t s t h e free exercise of religious practice a n d t e a c h i n g can-hope t o secure t h e real friendship of t h e people of t h i s country. " T h e E x e c u t i v e Committee sees in t h i s s t a t e of affairs a serious h i n d r a n c e t o good i n t e r n a t i o n a l r e lations, a n d r e q u e s t s H i s M a j e s t y ' s G o v e r n m e n t t o t a k e a n y s t e p s it t h i n k s possible, w h e t h e r b y p r i v a t e r e p r e s e n t a t i o n s or b y public action a t Geneva o r elsewhere, to influence such g o v e r n m e n t s to g r a n t religious freedom." CATHOLIC F O R RADIO IN BRITAIN.

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OPPOSITION FROM M E M B E R S F R E E CHURCHES GROUP.

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London.—Opposition t o t h e a p p o i n t m e n t of a Catholic a s Controller of P r o g r a m m e s of tife British Broadcasting Corporation —virtually a government departm e n t — h a s been raised b y a grotfp of m e m b e r s of P a r l i a m e n t i n t h e n a m e of t h e F r e e C h u r c h e s . T h e a p p o i n t m e n t of Capt. C e d l G r a v e s t o b e D i r e c t o r of P r o g r a m mes—he was formerly assistent d i r e c t o r — h a s been a n n o u n c e d . I It is stated that t h e p a r l i a m e n t a r y g r o u p w h i c h opposes t h e a p p o i n t m e n t will m a k e r e p r e s e n t a tions t o t h e P o s t m a s t e r General* t o t h e B o a r d of t h e B.B.C., a n d , possibly, in t h e H o u s e of Commons. T h e a s s u m p t i o n of t h e p r o t e s t e r s is t h a t C a p t a i n Graves, being I a Catholic, will n o t be able t o alI low t h e f r e e d o m of t h o u g h t a n d b r o a d m i n d e d censorship w h i c h is considered desirable. B r o a d c a s t i n g in G r e a t B r i t a i n is state-controlled. T h e B.B.C. exercises a monopoly, working u n d ^ r license from t h e government.

AUGUST 03, 1935, VOL 01, N0 31  

CATHOLIC MALAYA BEREAVED. DEMISE OF H.E. DR. EMILE BARILLON D. D. RETIRED BISHOP OF MALACCA

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