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M A L A Y A C A T H O L I C L E A D E R , S A T U R D A \ \ 3 r d A U G U S T , 1935. SUNDAY

O u r

L a d y

o f

M a d h u

1 o \

[Ceylon's Hallowed Wonder Shrine of the Jungle] by

D. E. T . Jayakoddy {SPECIALLY

WRITTEN

FOR

THE

MALAYA

CATHOLIC

LEADER)

a n d t h e t r a d i t i o n a l belief is t h a t Introduction. it was founded a b o u t t h e y e a r T h e beautiful l i t t l e I s l a n d of Ceylon is c o m p a r a t i v e l y a t i n y 1670, in peculiar circumstances, s p e c k in t h e v a s t I n d i a n Ocean. w h i c h m a y now be r i g h t l y t e r m e d T o t h e g r e a t a n d m i g h t y B r i t i s h blessings in disguise. E m p i r e s h e is t h e m o s t cherished E a r l y P o r t u g u e s e Missionary W o r k I n t h e y e a r 1505, t h e P o r t u g u e s e Colonial P o s s e s s i o n . S h e is oft d e s c r i b e d a s t h e b r i g h t e s t jewel invaded and took possession of on B r i t a i n ' s d i a d e m . S h e is t h e c e r t a i n p a r t s of t h e Island of CeyP e a r l o n t h e b r o w of I n d i a . Mid- lon from h e r own Sinhalese Kings. w a y b e t w e e n E u r o p e a n d t h e F a r W i t h t h e i r i n v a d i n g a r m i e s came Missionaries, who E a s t , s h e is a c o n v e n i e n t half-way F r a n c i s c a n h o u s e t o t h e t o u r i s t , w h o in h e r planted t h e seed of Catholicism in g o r g e o u s s p l e n d o u r a n d h e r lavish Ceylon, w h e r e B u d d h i s m had been n a t u r a l b e a u t y finds a m p l e com- t h e Religion of k i n g s and people While t h e p e n s a t i o n f o r t h e t e d i u m of a voy- alike f o r c e n t u r i e s . a g e o u t E a s t . T h e m a j e s t i c liners P o r t u g u e s e w e r e in t h e enjoyment of t h e possession of t h e m a r i t i m e t h a t p l o u g h t h e ocean m a y not p a s s h e r b y . E ' e n f r o m t h e dis- d i s t r i c t s of Ceylon, t h e i r endeavours to spread the Faith were t a n c e , t h e p a l m - f r i n g e d shores of t h e Island, w h e r e t h e drooping helped b y o t h e r Missionary bodies. b r a n c h e s of t h e s t a t e l y cocoanut T h e Dominicans, t h e A u g u s t i n i a n s p a l m b e n d low, a s if in silent a d m i r a t i o n , t o kiss t h e surf-fringed w a v e s below, g r e e t t h e traveller w i t h a subtle smile of welcome and e x a c t f r o m h i m a willing' t r i b u t e of admiration. As m u c h as she can lay claim t o wordly g r e a t n e s s , she also occupies a position unique in ! t h e A n n a l s of t h e C a t h o l i c C h u r c h . If Ceylon holds o u t i n t e r e s t t o t h e t o u r i s t , t o t h e s h i p p e r , or t o t h e t r a d e r i t is because of h e r n a t u r a l b e a u t y a n d h e r g r e a t resources. B u t t o t h e h e a r t of t h e Catholic, a n d viewed a t f r o m a Catholic s t a n d p o i n t , Ceylon is a c o u n t r y w i t h glorious Catholic t r a d i t i o n s . Ceylon h a s been t h e s c e n e of m a n y a cruel m a r t y r d o m — m a n y a relir^cus persecution. A b l o o d t h i r s t y t y r a n t k i n g h a s laid low, a t t h e p o i n t of t h e bayonet, 700 m a r t y r s , a t one s t r o k e , a n d t h e i r blood h a s consolidated the- f o u n d a t i o n s of Catholicism in Ceylon. While reliS t a t u e of O u r L a d y of M a d h u . g i o u s f e r v o u r in t h a t c o u n t r y can justifiably be said t o b e second t o n o w h e r e else in t h e Catholic world, a n d t h e J e s u i t s c a m e over to join 'Catholics t h e r e a r e n o t t h e p r o u d h a n d s w i t h t h e i r F r a n c i s c a n b r e t h r e n , a n d Catholicsm began t o possessors of v a s t C a t h e d r a l s of s t r u c t u r a l b e a u t y o r of Basilicas t a k e r o o t bit b y bit. P r o g r e s s t h o u g h slow w a s s u r e . of wonderful magnificence o r of a n y such a s m a y on t h a t account Dutch Invasion. alone a t t r a c t t h e p a s s e r by. B u t A c e n t u r y l a t e r it fell to t h e Catholics in Ceylon a n d Catholi- h a p p y lot of t h e D u t c h to establish cism a r e p r o u d a t t h e p r e s e n t d a y t h e m s e l v e s in c e r t a i n p a r t s of t h e t o possess t h a t glorious hallowed Island. To t h e m Catholicism w a s s h r i n e of t h e j u n g l e , w h i c h f o r m s a n a t h e m a . T h e y s e t on foot pert h e s u b j e c t of t h i s a r t i c l e — " O u r secution a f t e r persecution a g a i n s t L a d y of M a d h u , " w h i c h , in t h e t h o s e w h o had e m b r a c e d t h e F a i t h . y e a r 1924, received f r o m H i s In c e r t a i n p a r t s of t h e c o u n t r y , i Holiness t h e Pope official recogni- t h e Sinhalese t h e m s e l v e s were in tion, by i t s M a d o n n a b e i n g sole- power. Both n a t i o n s being alike m n l y crowned b y a P a p a l L e g a t e . a v e r s e t o t h e s p r e a d of CatholiOrigin Of T h e S h r i n e . cism, t h e Sinhalese joined h a n d s Having its inception almost in t h e s e p e r s e c u t i o n s . s i m u l t a n e o u s l y w i t h t h e d a t e of A Cruel P e r s e c u t i o n . the m a r t y r d o m above referred to F o r long y e a r s t h e s e persecut h e S h r i n e is t o - d a y t h e Glory of t i o n s continued, b u t t h e most cruel t h e Catholic C h u r c h in Ceylon. o n e on record said t o have been F a r a w a y from c i t y a n d from civi- c a r r i e d out b y Sangili, King of lisation, it is s i t u a t e in t h e little Jaffna ( t h e N o r t h e r n Province of k n o w n Village n o w called M a d h u Ceylon) will find few parallels. I t in one of t h e m o s t a r i d p a r t s of t h e m u s t be here m e n t i o n e d t h a t in t h e N o r t h e r n Province of Ceylon. Be- N o r t h e r n p a r t s of t h e country t h e i n g in t h e h e a r t of t h e j u n g l e , it is Tamils were in power, and t h e y t h e h o m e of t h e m o n s t e r elephant t h e m s e l v e s took p a r t in t h e s e relia n d t h e fierce c h e e t a h , t h e wild gious p e r s e c u t i o n s . Supported by b o a r a n d t h e buffalo, t h e fox a n d an a r m y of 5,000 soldiers, K i n g t h e m o n k e y . R e g a r d i n g t h e ac- Sangili is said t o have had all t u a l d a t e a n d origin of t h i s s h r i n e , Catholics a r r e s t e d in t h e town of t h e g e n e r a l c o n s e n s u s of opinion M a n n a r . A s m a n y baptised per1

SERVICES.

till lit'*"''

CATHEDRAL: Queen Street. 6-30 a.m. Low M a s s . 8-00 a.m. H i g h M a s s . 5-30 p.m. V e s p e r s a n d B e n e d i c t i o n . ST. J O S E P H ' S : Victoria 5-30 a.m. L o w M a s s . 6-30 a.m. L o w M a s s . 8-00 a.m. H i g h M a s s . 5-00 p.m. V e s p e r s

and

Street.

Benediction.

SS. P E T E R & P A U L : Queen Street. 6-30 a.m. L o w M a s s . 8-00 a.m. H i g h M a s s . 4-00 p . m . V e s p e r s a n d B e n e d i c t i o n . SACRED HEART: Oxley Rise. 6-30 a.m. L o w M a s s . 8-00 p.m. H i g h M a s s . 3-30 p.m. Benediction. OUR LADY OF L O U R D E S : Ophir Rd. 8-00 a.m. H i g h M a s s . 5-00 p.m. V e s p e r s a n d B e n e d i c t i o n .

sons a s w e r e found, w i t h o u t dist i n c t i o n s of a g e , sex, or s t a t u s , w e r e p u t t o t h e sword. In t h e i r Confession of F a i t h , p a r e n t s spoke for t h e m s e l v e s , a s well a s for t h e i r children, w h o h a d n o t y e t received t h e power of c o h e r e n t speech. All yielded readily t o t h e s w o r d of t h e executioner. S e v e n h u n d r e d m e n . w o m e n and children including inf a n t s in a r m s t h u s sacrificed t h e i r lives, a n d t h e s e " M a r t y r s of M a n n a r , " a s H i s t o r i a n s call t h e m now, a d d e d a p a g e in l e t t e r s of gold t o t h e M a r t y r o l o g y of C h r i s t e n d o m . T h e F l i g h t To S a f e t y . While t h e s e p e r s e c u t i o n s w e r e on foot, a s m a n y a s w e r e able t o flee t o s a f e t y did so. I n t h e D i s t r i c t of M a n t a i , in t h e N o r t h e r n P r o v i n c e , a t t h i s t i m e , stood a little C h u r c h dedicated t o t h e H o n o u r of t h e Blessed V i r g i n M a r y . I t cont a i n e d a n I m a g e of h e r r o u g h l y c a r v e d in wood. T h e Holy V i r g i n w a s depicted c a r r y i n g t h e I n f a n t J e s u s in H e r a r m s . I t w a s no w o r k of a r t or t h e h a n d i w o r k of a m a s t e r sculptor, b u t j u s t a wooden s t a t u e scarcely t w o feet in h e i g h t , c a r v e d out b y a n u n k n o w n h a n d for v e n e r a t i o n b y d e v o u t c o n v e r t s . T h e D u t c h soldiers s n a t c h e d t h e C h u r c h from t h e c o n v e r t s a n d t u r n e d it i n t o a m e e t i n g hall. P i o u s Catholics w h o w o r s h i p p e d t h e r e succeeded in s e c r e t i n g a n d c a r r y i n g a w a y t h e I m a g e in q u e s tion. They~flew t o s a f e t y b e y o n d t h e b o u n d s of D u t c h Dominion. Refuge B y T h e T a n k . They traversed through wide r a n g e s of r o u g h c o u n t r y , p e n e t r a t ed i n t o j u n g l e s , b r a v e d t h e r a v a g e s of t h e denizens t h e r e o f a n d ultim a t e l y a r e said t o h a v e s e t t l e d alongside a n a t u r a l lake or t a n k (in T a m i l called " M a d h u " ) a r o u n d , which g r e w a profusion of t h e t r e e botanically k n o w n a s " t e r m i nalia g l a b r a . " T h e t r e e b e i n g called in t h e v e r n a c u l a r " m a r u t h a " t h e place w a s called " M a r u t h a madhu." H e r e t h e r e f u g e e s improvised a little s h e l t e r for t h e m selves a n d t h e i r t r e a s u r e d possession t h e I m a g e of t h e Blessed Virgin, little t h i n k i n g however, t h a t a few c e n t u r i e s l a t e r t h e place w a s destined f o r u n i v e r s a l f a m e and r e n o w n . T h e Little s h e l t e r of t h a t d a y is t h e G r e a t and Glorious S h r i n e of to-day. T h e I m a g e t h a t stood w i t h i n it t h a t d a y is t h e s a m e w h i c h t o - d a y solemnly crowned b y a P a p a l L e g a t e , a latere, receives t h e v e n e r a tion annually of lacs of devotees w h o assemble t h e r e from all p a r t s of t h e c o u n t r y . Persecutions Continue And Refugees I n c r e a s e . A s t i m e w e n t on, t h e s e persecutions continued, a n d a m o n g l a t e r r e f u g e e s t o t h e secluded s h r i n e of safety was Helena, t h e pious d a u g h t e r of a P o r t u g u e s e G e n e r a l t h e n in Ceylon. H e r amiable

It's not only a matter of taste T o be a p e r f e c t t i m e p i e c e , a watch h a s t o b e b e a u t i f u l and accurate. N o w , e v e r y o n e c a n s a y whether a w a t c h i s t o o n e ' s l i k i n g or not, but it i s difficult to estimate the quality. O n l y e x p e r t s can j u d g e the finish and precision of a m e c h a n i s m a s d e l i c a t e a s t h a t of a watch. T h e r e r e m a i n s for t h o s e who love a c c u r a c y a m e a n s of e l i m i n a t i n g disappointment-choose a VULCAIN w a t c h , a c k n o w l e d g e d the best by t h o u s a n d s of p e o p l e all over the world. W i t h a V U L C A I N y o u h a v e the s a t i s f a c t i o n of k n o w i n g t h a t you p o s s e s s a t i m e p i e c e of unequalled 5ecu r a c y a n d refined beauty. THE

MALAYA

CATHOLIC

LEADER.

T h e M a l a y a Catholic Leader m a y be purchased at the following shops:— SINGAPORE. R. R o d r i g u e s & Co., 42, Bencoolen Street. C r y s t a l S o d a F o u n t a i n , Corner of Bras B a s a h R o a d & W a t e r l o o Street. T h e F e d e r a l R u b b e r S t a m p Co., 13, Collyer Quay. G. H . K i a t & Co., 15, Collyer Quay. T h e P r e m i e r T r a d i n g Co., 193, Keppel Road. P e t e r C h o n g & Co., 8 2 , B r a s B a s a h Road. M. M o h a m e d A l i , 4 3 9 - A , N o r t h Bridge Road. A.

M. M o h a m e d A b u b a c k e r & Co., 154, Victoria Street. M o h a m e d D u l f a k i r & Co., 34, North Bridge Road. M o h a m e d D u l f a k i r & Co., Middle Road. J. M . M o h a m e d B a v a , 2 6 3 , Middle Road. P. V . A b d u l R a h u m a n & Co., 239, Seligie Road. T. K. M o h a m e d M a i d e e n , 228, Middle Rd. E. H a d j i A b d u H a s a h , 19S, M i d d l e Road. S e c o n d - h a n d B o o k S h o p , 66, B r a s Basah Road. Railway Station Bookstall. KUALA LUMPUR. P a s t Office. D u l f a k i r & Co., M a r k e t Street. F e d e r a l R u b b e r S t a m p Co., Old Market Square. Railway Station Bookstall.

qualities, h e r devotion a n d holiness, h e r zeal in t h e cause of religion won for h e r t h e admiration of h e r fellow devotees, who lovingly called h e r " S t . Helena." Whet h e r o r n o t t h e S h r i n e — w h i c h then b e g a n t o be called Silena M a r u t h u M a d h u w a s n a m e d a f t e r her, Silena being a c o r r u p t i o n of St. Helena, is n o t q u i t e clear, for t h e r e is anot h e r belief t h a t p a r t of t h a t count r y belonged t o a Mohamedan w o m a n b y n a m e Silaina, and the n a m e Silena M a r u t h a Madhu was associated w i t h her. Such, a t any r a t e , is t h e t r a d i t i o n . In later y e a r s , p o p u l a r u s a g e transformed t h e n a m e Silena M a r u t h a Madhu into " M a d h u " for brevity's sake, a n d t h e a p p e l a t i o n r e m a i n s t o this d a y t h e s h o r t a n d sweet nomenc l a t u r e of a g r e a t and historic s h r i n e . T h e zealous band who n u m b e r e d a b o u t t w e n t y families b r a v e d m a n y a d a n g e r and withstood m a n y a h a r d s h i p . They w e r e c o n s t a n t l y b e i n g joined by o t h e r s , w h o fled for safety. (To

be

continued)

AUGUST 03, 1935, VOL 01, N0 31  

CATHOLIC MALAYA BEREAVED. DEMISE OF H.E. DR. EMILE BARILLON D. D. RETIRED BISHOP OF MALACCA

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