Page 13

M A L A Y A CATHOLIC LEADER, SATURDAY, 3rd AUGUST, 1935.

FR. COLIGHLIN'S RADIO TALKS ATTACKED. CANON LAW VIOLATED O E C L A R E S WRITER ' Philadelphia.—The opinion t h a t the activities of t h e Rev. Charles E. Coughlin, p a s t o r of t h e S h r i n e of t h e Little F l o w e r at Royal Oak, Mich., " c o n s t i t u t e direct violations of existing Canon L a w , " is expressed in a n article by t h e Rev. Dr. E d w a r d V. Dargin, p a s t o r of St. Joseph's C h u r c h , Croton Falls, N.Y., in t h e J u l y issue of t h e A m e rican Ecclesiastical Review, w h i c h appeared recently. " W h e t h e r h i s activities a r e or are not political is a q u e s t i o n of fact," Dr. D a r g i n says. " I t is m y conviction t h a t t h e y a r e political and this conviction is based on h i s organization of a nation-wide league, w i t h a direct and open threat t o use i t s voting p o w e r for or against c e r t a i n national policies, laws, a n d elective officials; on his a p p e a r a n c e a t m e e t i n g s in Detroit a n d Cleveland, s p e a k i n g from t h e p l a t f o r m with politicians on political m a t t e r s , jandt on h i s announced plan to hold s i m i l a r meetings in t h e principal cities of t h e n a t i o n ; on m a n y s t a t e m e n t s contained in his s e r m o n s — s t a t e m e n t s too n u m e r o u s t o q u o t e within t h e limited space of t h i s paper b u t which can be cited for t h e asking. " T h e direct law g o v e r n i n g t h i s m a t t e r is contained in N o . 83 of t h e I I I P l e n a r y Council of B a l t i more. T h i s legislation e x p r e s s l y commands p r i e s t s to a b s t a i n from the public discussion of political o r secular m a t t e r s , either in o r outside of a church, and forbids clerics t o inject t h e m s e l v e s in j u d g e m e n t s of t h e faithful in q u e s tions of a civil n a t u r e . Law Retains Force. "This legislation of B a l t i m o r e , by v i r t u r e of Canon 6, N o . 1, of the new Code of Canon L a w , r e tains its force and is b i n d i n g in this c o u n t r y . Moreover, since it is the law of a plenary council, a p proved by t h e Holy See, t h e individual b i s h o p is limited in t h e extent t o w h i c h he can dispense from it. Even t h o u g h a cleric's proper O r d i n a r y h a s g r a n t e d a dispensation, within t h e scope of the limitations placed on h i s power by Canon Law, t h e cleric would h a v e t o ask and receive f u r ther dispensations from t h e Ordinaries of o t h e r j u r i s d i c t i o n s in which he, a s a n extern, w i s h e s t o carry on h i s activity. T h i s certainly is t h e case when one s p e a k s by a m e a n s which r e a c h e s o t h e r dioceses. B u t t h e r e is s o m e t h i n g more t h a n t h e Council of Baltimore, namely, general legislation, concerning ecclesiastical discipline." Saying t h a t "it is well t o point out t h a t F a t h e r Coughlin a t t e m p t s to justify a n d defend h i s a c t i v i t y on t h e g r o u n d t h a t he, a s a citizen, has the s a m e freedom a s a n y o t h e r citizen, a n d t h a t he h a s t h e s a m e right to discuss publicly, n a t i o n a l Personalities and policies a n d platforms a s a n y doctor, lawyer, soldier or citizen of a n y o t h e r p r o fession," D r . Dargin declares t h a t this a r g u m e n t is fallacious."" " F a t h e r Coughlin's freedom h a s been limited directly a n d e x p r e s s ly, not by civil law it is t r u e , b u t by Canon L a w , " h e c o n t i n u e s .

| " J u s t a s t h e r e is Canon Law to ' limit t h e freedom of a priestcitizen to e n g a g e in t h e practice of medicine or business, so t h e r e is Canon Law t o limit t h e freedom j of a priest-citizen to engage in political activity. A n d t h e basis j of t h e s e expressed limitations of ; t h e r i g h t of clerics t o mix in m a t i t e r s of t h e m s e l v e s good is t h a t , \ despite t h e i r goodness and p r a i s e | worthiness in a layman, t h e y a r e ! not becoming t h e dignity and ! mission of t h e priesthood." Legislation's Necessity Evident. " T h e necessity of canonical lej gislation a g a i n s t a p r i e s t engaging | in politics m u s t be evident," Dr. ; D a r g i n s a y s . " A p r i e s t who des! cends from t h e pulpit, w h e r e h e | h a s t h e r i g h t and d u t y t o p r e a c h ; t h e principles of social j u s t i c e , and ; steps into t h e a r e n a of politics by u r g i n g p a r t i c u l a r political m e t h o d s of applying t h e s e principles or by publicly e n g a g i n g in personalities i w i t h fellow citizens in public life,

WE NEED YOUR SUPPORT TO CARRY ON THIS GOOD WORK.

ENROL NOW. WE ARE AT YOUR SERVICE. The Manager, MALAY CATHOLIC LEADER, 73, Bras Basah Road, SINGAPORE.

. |

! \ | j

m u s t be p r e p a r e d t o be t r e a t e d a s a n y l a y m a n or a n y o t h e r politician. In doing so, h e cannot divorce himself from his own priesthood or from t h e body of h i s fellow-priests. H e m u s t necessarily become t h e object of t h e criticism, v i t u p e r a t i o n and ridicule which is t h e lot of a n y politician. T h e s e do not merely affect h i m a s a n individual, b u t t h e y lessen t h e d i g n i t y of t h e office of t h e p r i e s t hood, a d i g n i t y which t h e C h u r c h h a s a l w a y s g u a r d e d jealously. I n h e r desire t o p r o t e c t t h e m s h e will not p e r m i t p r i e s t s to renounce c e r t a i n privileges which she h a s g r a n t e d t o t h e priesthood a s a body, or t o violate laws which s h e h a s imposed on t h e body of t h e priesthood t o s a f e g u a r d i t s h o n o u r and dignity." Declaring t h a t " t h e r e is a l w a y s t h e d a n g e r t h a t a cleric who engaged in politics will s t i r u p t h e flames of religious b i g o t r y , " D r . D a r g i n s a y s t h a t " t o avoid t h e s e evils and t o r e m a i n within t h e r e s t r i c t i o n imposed b y Canon L a w , a cleric m u s t always m a k e a clearcut distinction between t h e principles of social j u s t i c e and t h e p a r ticular political m e t h o d s t o b r i n g t h e s e principles into legislative reality. A s a priest, he m u s t preach t h e f o r m e r in season a n d out of season, b u t m u s t leave t h e l a t t e r to t h e layman whom h e h a s t h o r o u g h l y t r a i n e d in t h e principles." (Continued

at foot

of Cols.

3 & 4)

13

VETERAN AMERICAN PUBLISHER DEAD.

SOVEREIGN PONTIFFS 79TH BIRTHDAY.

New York.—Thomas C. Quinn. veteran publisher, died here recently a t t h e a g e of 70. Mr. Quinn, w h o is credited w i t h being t h e a u t h o r of t h e practice of displaying t h e A m e r i c a n flag on public schools and buildings, h a d a long c a r e e r in t h e n e w s p a p e r publishing field, form erly owning and publishing t h e old New York Daily News. He purchased the paper from F r a n k A. Munsev in J u n e , 1904. F r o m 1908 t o 1916 h e published t h e N e w York Ledger, after w h i c h h e w a s d e s i g n a t e d S t a t e Supervisor of Public Records for a four-year t e r m . H e w a s p r e sident of t h e A c c u r a t e B i o g r a p h i cal Service, a m e m b e r of t h e American Historical Association, and a f o r m e r s e c r e t a r y of t h e Catholic W r i t e r s ' Guild of America. Mr. Quinn w r o t e a n article while on t h e N e w York Press a d v o c a t i n g t h e enforced display of A m e r i c a n flags on all public schools a n d buildings. T h e article, w h i c h w a s published on J u n e 29, 1889, r e sulted in t h e national adoption of t h e suggestion. -<N.€.W.C.)

HIS HOLINESS STILL STRONG AND ACTIVE.

New Y o r k . — F u n e r a l services for Mrs. H a r r i e t B a r d Squiers u p on whom F r a n c e conferred t h e Croix de G u e r r e for service a s h e a d of a w a r hospital a t Montmirail in t h e M a r n e a n d for b r a v e r y in c a r i n g f o r t h e wounded in t h e b a t t l e of C h a t e a u T h i e r r y , w e r e held a t t h e C h u r c h of N o t r e Dame here. M r s . S q u i e r s , w h o died r e c e n t l y a t St. L u k e ' s hospital, had lived in F r a n c e from t h e d e a t h of h e r h u s band, H e r b e r t Goldsmith Squiers, noted A m e r i c a n diplomat, in 1912 until h e r r e t u r n h e r e a b o u t a y e a r ago. Mr. Squiers w a s first secr e t a r y of t h e American Legation a t Peiping d u r i n g t h e B o x e r u p rising, and played a conspicuous p a r t in t h e defense of t h e Legation. In 1902, h e w a s n a m e d first American Minister t o t h e Republic of Cuba, s e r v i n g until late in 1905. T h e following y e a r he w a s n a m e d Minister t o P a n a m a . M r s . Squiers built t h e hospital a t Montmirail, financed it a n d w a s active in i t s m a n a g e m e n t . T h e citation accompanying t h e Croix de Guerre decoration s t a t e s t h a t she and t w o a s s i s t a n t s cared for more t h a n 600 wounded soldiers a t t h e Battle of C h a t e a u T h i e r r y until she went, u n d e r fire, t o t h e F r e n c h military staff for medical and s u r gical assistance. She also received t h e Medaille de Reconnaissance de L a F r a n c e in recognition of h e r civilian services.

Vatican City.—The seventyn i n t h b i r t h d a y of His Holiness Pope Pius X I h a s served to e m phasize f u r t h e r t h e s t r e n g t h a n d g r e a t e n e r g y which t h e Pontiff r e t a i n s in spite of his advanced a g e . H e never shows t h e slightest fatigue despite t h e e x t r a o r d i n a r i l y intense activity of t h e 14 y e a r s of Pontificate. And t h i s activity h a s consisted not only of u n d e r t a k i n g s t o which he h a s given i m p e t u s and development but also t h e direct and personal work he accomplishes himself. T h e c h a r a c t e r of t h e activity of P i u s XI is a l w a y s t h e same. H e is not content m e r e l y with proposing ideas and g i v i n g directions, but is closely associated w i t h every p r o j e c t from p r e l i m i n a r y studies of t h e questions involved t o t h e fulfillment of t h e m , even t o t h e v e r y details of applying t h e decisions t a k e n . Those w h o work with h i m in t h e g r e a t a c t i v i t y of t h e R o m a n Congregations and t h e S e c r e t a r i a t "of "State h a v e t h i s "daily e x p e r i e n c e a n d a d m i r e such a d e m o n s t r a t i o n of s t r e n g t h , assiduity, and e n e r g y day a f t e r d a y w i t h o u t a sign of advanced a g e or t h e slightest indication of w e a k n e s s . Many a r e anxious over t h e H o l y Father's health. Actually he alone is n e v e r troubled about it. A n d when h e is advised to t a k e b e t t e r care of himself and to s a v e his s t r e n g t h o r consult s o m e doctor t o s e e . w h e t h e r , in his advanced age, it would not be necess a r y for h i m t o t a k e some precautions and t o m o d e r a t e his daily work in some way, P i u s XI replies t h a t such is not a t all necessary and t h a t h e h a s no need of doctors because all t h e world p r a y s for h i m and t h e Lord will give him t h e s t r e n g t h a n d g r a c e necessary for his s t a t e . T h e a n s w e r he gave his nephew, Count F r a n c o R a t t i , whom he called to his side t h r e e y e a r s a g o t o be t h e P r e s i d e n t of t h e Central Council of t h e Vatican City, is typical. One day, when P i u s X I h a d given, a s is his daily c u s t o m , t h r e e or four discourses, his nephew told h i m h e should t a k e g r e a t e r c a r e of his h e a l t h and n o t fatigue himself so m u c h : The Pope looked smilingly a t him, a n d t h e n s a i d : "You m a y give m e t h i s advice w h e n I a m 90 y e a r s old, b u t not now." And really, t o all who a p p r o a c h t h e Pope, such a n a n s w e r does n o t seem p r e s u m t u o u s , because t h e freshness a n d s t r e n g t h shown b y P i u s X I a t 79 y e a r s of age, is s u c h a s to p e r m i t one reasonably t o expect t h a t h e m i g h t well live t o be 90 and more.—(N.C.W.C.)

H a v i n g preached and t a u g h t t h e principles and t r a i n e d t h e laysons of t h e Church, D r . D a r g i n continues, " p r i e s t s should leave entirely t o t h e s e lay-sons political activity t o decide w h e t h e r t h e N.R.A. is t o be modified, continued or discontinued; w h e t h e r t h e F e deral R e s e r v e B a n k is t o b e replaced b y a new f o r m of N a tional B a n k ; w h e t h e r t h e H a r r i s o n or P a t m a n or Vinson B o n u s plan r e p r e s e n t s t h e b e s t i n t e r e s t s of t h e nation and the veteran; P r e s i d e n t Roosevelt is w o r t h y of re-election a n d w h e t h e r t h e i n t e r e s t s of t h e w o r k i n g m a n a n d t h e principles of social j u s t i c e a r e b e s t represented b y t h e p l a t f o r m of t h e Republican P a r t y or t h e Domocratic P a r t y o r a T h i r d P a r t y . "

" I n t h e d e g r e e in which F a t h e r Coughlin h a s p r e a c h e d t h e principles of social j u s t i c e , t o t h a t extent h e h a s t r a i n e d t h e s o n s of t h e C h u r c h a n d t h o s e outside t h e fold in t h e s e principles," Dr. D a r gin s a y s in conclusion. "His fellow-priests y e a r n , a s h e d o e s , t o see t h e d a y w h e n a s a r e s u l t of o u r t e a c h i n g , u n d e r t h e direction of our Holy F a t h e r a n d o u r Bi* shops, t h e s e principles m a y p e r m e a t e individuals and i n s t i t u t i o n s and c o n t r i b u t e t o t h e initiation of a b e t t e r social order. In o r d e r , however, t h a t activity m a y b e ' u n d e r t h e guidance and direction of t h e C h u r c h , ' a p r i e s t ' s zeal should n e v e r lead h i m t o o v e r s t e p t h e r e s t r i c t i o n s imposed upon h i m b y Canon L a w . " (N.C.W.C.)

WORLD WAR HEROINE D E A D . Received Decorations For Courage & Bravery.

;

AUGUST 03, 1935, VOL 01, N0 31  

CATHOLIC MALAYA BEREAVED. DEMISE OF H.E. DR. EMILE BARILLON D. D. RETIRED BISHOP OF MALACCA

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you