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work of t h e Catholic p a p e r s h a s been m o s t p r a i s e w o r t h y . T h e y h a v e been a n effective auxiliary t o t h e pulpit in s p r e a d i n g the Faith.— rpHE

T h e Malaya Catholic Leader. By By By By By By

OFFICIAL

ORGAN

OF

CATHOLIC

PUBLISHED 20 p a g e s .

No. 3 1 .

reacting M a l a y a ' s Catholic N e w s t e l l i n g your f r i e n d s about u s p l a c i n g a r e g u l a r order p a t r o n i s i n g our a d v e r t i s e r s s e n d i n g any s u g g e s t i o n s w r i t i n g for u s , if y o u h a v e s o m e t h i n g n e w to s a y .

ACTION

WEEKLY. 10 cents.

S I N G A P O R E , SATURDAY, 3rd A U G U S T , 1935.

CATHOLIC MALAYA

BEREAVED

D E M I S E O F H.E. D R . E M I L E B A R I L L O N D . D. R E T I R E D BISHOP OF MALACCA ! A PRELATE OF R A R E PARTS & PIETY A veil of gloom h a s been d r a w n over t h e Catholics of M a l a y a (both clergy and l a i t y ) by t h e d e a t h of Mgr. Barillon t h e e r s t w h i l e Bishop of Malacca a t t h e ripe age of 75. His Lordship h a d been in failing h e a l t h for s o m e y e a r s ; and his condition w a s s u c h in recent y e a r s a s to accelerate his r e t i r e m e n t from all active diocesan duties in 1932. P r i o r t o t h e relinquishing of h i s pastoral l a b o u r s about t h r e e y e a r s ago, H i s L o r d s h i p ' s episcopal d u t i e s were carried on in l a r g e m e a s u r e by t h e late Mgr. L. Perrichon, C o a d j u t o r — B i s h o p of Malacca. T h e late Mgr. Barillon, by r e a s o n cf his indifferent h e a l t h , was compelled to lead a life of v i r t u a l r e t i r e m e n t for n e a r l y a decade, t h o u g h still being t h e i n c u m b e n t of t h e See of Malacca. H e w a s t e m p e r a m e n t a l l y of a reserved a n d r e t i r i n g disposition a n d a p a r t from h i s p a s t o r a l v i s i t a t i o n s t o t h e m a n y p a r i s h e s u n d e r h i s j u r i s diction he did not a p p e a r l a t t e r l y in public too often.

A f t o A t H TOBACCO- C o . , t r o .

Mission P e n a n g , of which h e w a s t h e founder (1888-89), P a r i s h of B a t u Gajah (1889-90), Ipoh w h e r e he founded t h e mission (1890-92). T h e n came a b r e a k in h i s missiona r y labours in Malaya, w h e n his services were required in F r a n c e . H e w e n t as S e m i n a r y Director in P a r i s (Rue du Bac. 1892-1902) and

A r e c e n t p h o t o g r a p h o f t h e i a t e Mgr. Cr. E. Retired B i s h o p of Malacca

His Life and Career. Born in F r a n c e on 18th October I860, he received his education m C h a r t r c s and P a r i s , and took Holy Orders on 20th S e p t e m b e r 1884. The following y e a r (1885) he a r -

Lonrvotf

officiated as Superior a t B i e v r e s (1902-04). A s a p r o v e n missioner of piety, t a l e n t and t a c t , he w a s raised to the Episcopate of Malacca in 1904. H i s n o m i n a t i o n w a s m a d e on 10th M a y 1904 a n d he w a s duly consecrated B i s h o p in P a r i s on 18th S e p t e m b e r of t h e same y e a r . (Continued

on last

page)

BARILLON

rived in Malaya, and w a s stationed a t t h e following p a r i s h e s : — P e n a n g a n d Taiping (1885), Cathedral of t h e Good Shepherd Singapore (1885-86), T h e Assumption Church P e n a n g (1886-88), Chinese/

SOLE

AGENTS:

S1ME D A R B Y & CO.. LTD. SINGAPORE

&

BRANCHES


M A L A Y A C A T H O L I C L E A D E R , S A T U R D A \ \ 3 r d A U G U S T , 1935. SUNDAY

O u r

L a d y

o f

M a d h u

1 o \

[Ceylon's Hallowed Wonder Shrine of the Jungle] by

D. E. T . Jayakoddy {SPECIALLY

WRITTEN

FOR

THE

MALAYA

CATHOLIC

LEADER)

a n d t h e t r a d i t i o n a l belief is t h a t Introduction. it was founded a b o u t t h e y e a r T h e beautiful l i t t l e I s l a n d of Ceylon is c o m p a r a t i v e l y a t i n y 1670, in peculiar circumstances, s p e c k in t h e v a s t I n d i a n Ocean. w h i c h m a y now be r i g h t l y t e r m e d T o t h e g r e a t a n d m i g h t y B r i t i s h blessings in disguise. E m p i r e s h e is t h e m o s t cherished E a r l y P o r t u g u e s e Missionary W o r k I n t h e y e a r 1505, t h e P o r t u g u e s e Colonial P o s s e s s i o n . S h e is oft d e s c r i b e d a s t h e b r i g h t e s t jewel invaded and took possession of on B r i t a i n ' s d i a d e m . S h e is t h e c e r t a i n p a r t s of t h e Island of CeyP e a r l o n t h e b r o w of I n d i a . Mid- lon from h e r own Sinhalese Kings. w a y b e t w e e n E u r o p e a n d t h e F a r W i t h t h e i r i n v a d i n g a r m i e s came Missionaries, who E a s t , s h e is a c o n v e n i e n t half-way F r a n c i s c a n h o u s e t o t h e t o u r i s t , w h o in h e r planted t h e seed of Catholicism in g o r g e o u s s p l e n d o u r a n d h e r lavish Ceylon, w h e r e B u d d h i s m had been n a t u r a l b e a u t y finds a m p l e com- t h e Religion of k i n g s and people While t h e p e n s a t i o n f o r t h e t e d i u m of a voy- alike f o r c e n t u r i e s . a g e o u t E a s t . T h e m a j e s t i c liners P o r t u g u e s e w e r e in t h e enjoyment of t h e possession of t h e m a r i t i m e t h a t p l o u g h t h e ocean m a y not p a s s h e r b y . E ' e n f r o m t h e dis- d i s t r i c t s of Ceylon, t h e i r endeavours to spread the Faith were t a n c e , t h e p a l m - f r i n g e d shores of t h e Island, w h e r e t h e drooping helped b y o t h e r Missionary bodies. b r a n c h e s of t h e s t a t e l y cocoanut T h e Dominicans, t h e A u g u s t i n i a n s p a l m b e n d low, a s if in silent a d m i r a t i o n , t o kiss t h e surf-fringed w a v e s below, g r e e t t h e traveller w i t h a subtle smile of welcome and e x a c t f r o m h i m a willing' t r i b u t e of admiration. As m u c h as she can lay claim t o wordly g r e a t n e s s , she also occupies a position unique in ! t h e A n n a l s of t h e C a t h o l i c C h u r c h . If Ceylon holds o u t i n t e r e s t t o t h e t o u r i s t , t o t h e s h i p p e r , or t o t h e t r a d e r i t is because of h e r n a t u r a l b e a u t y a n d h e r g r e a t resources. B u t t o t h e h e a r t of t h e Catholic, a n d viewed a t f r o m a Catholic s t a n d p o i n t , Ceylon is a c o u n t r y w i t h glorious Catholic t r a d i t i o n s . Ceylon h a s been t h e s c e n e of m a n y a cruel m a r t y r d o m — m a n y a relir^cus persecution. A b l o o d t h i r s t y t y r a n t k i n g h a s laid low, a t t h e p o i n t of t h e bayonet, 700 m a r t y r s , a t one s t r o k e , a n d t h e i r blood h a s consolidated the- f o u n d a t i o n s of Catholicism in Ceylon. While reliS t a t u e of O u r L a d y of M a d h u . g i o u s f e r v o u r in t h a t c o u n t r y can justifiably be said t o b e second t o n o w h e r e else in t h e Catholic world, a n d t h e J e s u i t s c a m e over to join 'Catholics t h e r e a r e n o t t h e p r o u d h a n d s w i t h t h e i r F r a n c i s c a n b r e t h r e n , a n d Catholicsm began t o possessors of v a s t C a t h e d r a l s of s t r u c t u r a l b e a u t y o r of Basilicas t a k e r o o t bit b y bit. P r o g r e s s t h o u g h slow w a s s u r e . of wonderful magnificence o r of a n y such a s m a y on t h a t account Dutch Invasion. alone a t t r a c t t h e p a s s e r by. B u t A c e n t u r y l a t e r it fell to t h e Catholics in Ceylon a n d Catholi- h a p p y lot of t h e D u t c h to establish cism a r e p r o u d a t t h e p r e s e n t d a y t h e m s e l v e s in c e r t a i n p a r t s of t h e t o possess t h a t glorious hallowed Island. To t h e m Catholicism w a s s h r i n e of t h e j u n g l e , w h i c h f o r m s a n a t h e m a . T h e y s e t on foot pert h e s u b j e c t of t h i s a r t i c l e — " O u r secution a f t e r persecution a g a i n s t L a d y of M a d h u , " w h i c h , in t h e t h o s e w h o had e m b r a c e d t h e F a i t h . y e a r 1924, received f r o m H i s In c e r t a i n p a r t s of t h e c o u n t r y , i Holiness t h e Pope official recogni- t h e Sinhalese t h e m s e l v e s were in tion, by i t s M a d o n n a b e i n g sole- power. Both n a t i o n s being alike m n l y crowned b y a P a p a l L e g a t e . a v e r s e t o t h e s p r e a d of CatholiOrigin Of T h e S h r i n e . cism, t h e Sinhalese joined h a n d s Having its inception almost in t h e s e p e r s e c u t i o n s . s i m u l t a n e o u s l y w i t h t h e d a t e of A Cruel P e r s e c u t i o n . the m a r t y r d o m above referred to F o r long y e a r s t h e s e persecut h e S h r i n e is t o - d a y t h e Glory of t i o n s continued, b u t t h e most cruel t h e Catholic C h u r c h in Ceylon. o n e on record said t o have been F a r a w a y from c i t y a n d from civi- c a r r i e d out b y Sangili, King of lisation, it is s i t u a t e in t h e little Jaffna ( t h e N o r t h e r n Province of k n o w n Village n o w called M a d h u Ceylon) will find few parallels. I t in one of t h e m o s t a r i d p a r t s of t h e m u s t be here m e n t i o n e d t h a t in t h e N o r t h e r n Province of Ceylon. Be- N o r t h e r n p a r t s of t h e country t h e i n g in t h e h e a r t of t h e j u n g l e , it is Tamils were in power, and t h e y t h e h o m e of t h e m o n s t e r elephant t h e m s e l v e s took p a r t in t h e s e relia n d t h e fierce c h e e t a h , t h e wild gious p e r s e c u t i o n s . Supported by b o a r a n d t h e buffalo, t h e fox a n d an a r m y of 5,000 soldiers, K i n g t h e m o n k e y . R e g a r d i n g t h e ac- Sangili is said t o have had all t u a l d a t e a n d origin of t h i s s h r i n e , Catholics a r r e s t e d in t h e town of t h e g e n e r a l c o n s e n s u s of opinion M a n n a r . A s m a n y baptised per1

SERVICES.

till lit'*"''

CATHEDRAL: Queen Street. 6-30 a.m. Low M a s s . 8-00 a.m. H i g h M a s s . 5-30 p.m. V e s p e r s a n d B e n e d i c t i o n . ST. J O S E P H ' S : Victoria 5-30 a.m. L o w M a s s . 6-30 a.m. L o w M a s s . 8-00 a.m. H i g h M a s s . 5-00 p.m. V e s p e r s

and

Street.

Benediction.

SS. P E T E R & P A U L : Queen Street. 6-30 a.m. L o w M a s s . 8-00 a.m. H i g h M a s s . 4-00 p . m . V e s p e r s a n d B e n e d i c t i o n . SACRED HEART: Oxley Rise. 6-30 a.m. L o w M a s s . 8-00 p.m. H i g h M a s s . 3-30 p.m. Benediction. OUR LADY OF L O U R D E S : Ophir Rd. 8-00 a.m. H i g h M a s s . 5-00 p.m. V e s p e r s a n d B e n e d i c t i o n .

sons a s w e r e found, w i t h o u t dist i n c t i o n s of a g e , sex, or s t a t u s , w e r e p u t t o t h e sword. In t h e i r Confession of F a i t h , p a r e n t s spoke for t h e m s e l v e s , a s well a s for t h e i r children, w h o h a d n o t y e t received t h e power of c o h e r e n t speech. All yielded readily t o t h e s w o r d of t h e executioner. S e v e n h u n d r e d m e n . w o m e n and children including inf a n t s in a r m s t h u s sacrificed t h e i r lives, a n d t h e s e " M a r t y r s of M a n n a r , " a s H i s t o r i a n s call t h e m now, a d d e d a p a g e in l e t t e r s of gold t o t h e M a r t y r o l o g y of C h r i s t e n d o m . T h e F l i g h t To S a f e t y . While t h e s e p e r s e c u t i o n s w e r e on foot, a s m a n y a s w e r e able t o flee t o s a f e t y did so. I n t h e D i s t r i c t of M a n t a i , in t h e N o r t h e r n P r o v i n c e , a t t h i s t i m e , stood a little C h u r c h dedicated t o t h e H o n o u r of t h e Blessed V i r g i n M a r y . I t cont a i n e d a n I m a g e of h e r r o u g h l y c a r v e d in wood. T h e Holy V i r g i n w a s depicted c a r r y i n g t h e I n f a n t J e s u s in H e r a r m s . I t w a s no w o r k of a r t or t h e h a n d i w o r k of a m a s t e r sculptor, b u t j u s t a wooden s t a t u e scarcely t w o feet in h e i g h t , c a r v e d out b y a n u n k n o w n h a n d for v e n e r a t i o n b y d e v o u t c o n v e r t s . T h e D u t c h soldiers s n a t c h e d t h e C h u r c h from t h e c o n v e r t s a n d t u r n e d it i n t o a m e e t i n g hall. P i o u s Catholics w h o w o r s h i p p e d t h e r e succeeded in s e c r e t i n g a n d c a r r y i n g a w a y t h e I m a g e in q u e s tion. They~flew t o s a f e t y b e y o n d t h e b o u n d s of D u t c h Dominion. Refuge B y T h e T a n k . They traversed through wide r a n g e s of r o u g h c o u n t r y , p e n e t r a t ed i n t o j u n g l e s , b r a v e d t h e r a v a g e s of t h e denizens t h e r e o f a n d ultim a t e l y a r e said t o h a v e s e t t l e d alongside a n a t u r a l lake or t a n k (in T a m i l called " M a d h u " ) a r o u n d , which g r e w a profusion of t h e t r e e botanically k n o w n a s " t e r m i nalia g l a b r a . " T h e t r e e b e i n g called in t h e v e r n a c u l a r " m a r u t h a " t h e place w a s called " M a r u t h a madhu." H e r e t h e r e f u g e e s improvised a little s h e l t e r for t h e m selves a n d t h e i r t r e a s u r e d possession t h e I m a g e of t h e Blessed Virgin, little t h i n k i n g however, t h a t a few c e n t u r i e s l a t e r t h e place w a s destined f o r u n i v e r s a l f a m e and r e n o w n . T h e Little s h e l t e r of t h a t d a y is t h e G r e a t and Glorious S h r i n e of to-day. T h e I m a g e t h a t stood w i t h i n it t h a t d a y is t h e s a m e w h i c h t o - d a y solemnly crowned b y a P a p a l L e g a t e , a latere, receives t h e v e n e r a tion annually of lacs of devotees w h o assemble t h e r e from all p a r t s of t h e c o u n t r y . Persecutions Continue And Refugees I n c r e a s e . A s t i m e w e n t on, t h e s e persecutions continued, a n d a m o n g l a t e r r e f u g e e s t o t h e secluded s h r i n e of safety was Helena, t h e pious d a u g h t e r of a P o r t u g u e s e G e n e r a l t h e n in Ceylon. H e r amiable

It's not only a matter of taste T o be a p e r f e c t t i m e p i e c e , a watch h a s t o b e b e a u t i f u l and accurate. N o w , e v e r y o n e c a n s a y whether a w a t c h i s t o o n e ' s l i k i n g or not, but it i s difficult to estimate the quality. O n l y e x p e r t s can j u d g e the finish and precision of a m e c h a n i s m a s d e l i c a t e a s t h a t of a watch. T h e r e r e m a i n s for t h o s e who love a c c u r a c y a m e a n s of e l i m i n a t i n g disappointment-choose a VULCAIN w a t c h , a c k n o w l e d g e d the best by t h o u s a n d s of p e o p l e all over the world. W i t h a V U L C A I N y o u h a v e the s a t i s f a c t i o n of k n o w i n g t h a t you p o s s e s s a t i m e p i e c e of unequalled 5ecu r a c y a n d refined beauty. THE

MALAYA

CATHOLIC

LEADER.

T h e M a l a y a Catholic Leader m a y be purchased at the following shops:— SINGAPORE. R. R o d r i g u e s & Co., 42, Bencoolen Street. C r y s t a l S o d a F o u n t a i n , Corner of Bras B a s a h R o a d & W a t e r l o o Street. T h e F e d e r a l R u b b e r S t a m p Co., 13, Collyer Quay. G. H . K i a t & Co., 15, Collyer Quay. T h e P r e m i e r T r a d i n g Co., 193, Keppel Road. P e t e r C h o n g & Co., 8 2 , B r a s B a s a h Road. M. M o h a m e d A l i , 4 3 9 - A , N o r t h Bridge Road. A.

M. M o h a m e d A b u b a c k e r & Co., 154, Victoria Street. M o h a m e d D u l f a k i r & Co., 34, North Bridge Road. M o h a m e d D u l f a k i r & Co., Middle Road. J. M . M o h a m e d B a v a , 2 6 3 , Middle Road. P. V . A b d u l R a h u m a n & Co., 239, Seligie Road. T. K. M o h a m e d M a i d e e n , 228, Middle Rd. E. H a d j i A b d u H a s a h , 19S, M i d d l e Road. S e c o n d - h a n d B o o k S h o p , 66, B r a s Basah Road. Railway Station Bookstall. KUALA LUMPUR. P a s t Office. D u l f a k i r & Co., M a r k e t Street. F e d e r a l R u b b e r S t a m p Co., Old Market Square. Railway Station Bookstall.

qualities, h e r devotion a n d holiness, h e r zeal in t h e cause of religion won for h e r t h e admiration of h e r fellow devotees, who lovingly called h e r " S t . Helena." Whet h e r o r n o t t h e S h r i n e — w h i c h then b e g a n t o be called Silena M a r u t h u M a d h u w a s n a m e d a f t e r her, Silena being a c o r r u p t i o n of St. Helena, is n o t q u i t e clear, for t h e r e is anot h e r belief t h a t p a r t of t h a t count r y belonged t o a Mohamedan w o m a n b y n a m e Silaina, and the n a m e Silena M a r u t h a Madhu was associated w i t h her. Such, a t any r a t e , is t h e t r a d i t i o n . In later y e a r s , p o p u l a r u s a g e transformed t h e n a m e Silena M a r u t h a Madhu into " M a d h u " for brevity's sake, a n d t h e a p p e l a t i o n r e m a i n s t o this d a y t h e s h o r t a n d sweet nomenc l a t u r e of a g r e a t and historic s h r i n e . T h e zealous band who n u m b e r e d a b o u t t w e n t y families b r a v e d m a n y a d a n g e r and withstood m a n y a h a r d s h i p . They w e r e c o n s t a n t l y b e i n g joined by o t h e r s , w h o fled for safety. (To

be

continued)


On

XiPrngs from (FROM

OUR

SPECIAL

Walking t o W a i s i n g h a m . In medieval t i m e s pilgrims visiting English s h r i n e s did not j o u r ney in wheeled comfort. Some, like Chaucer's f a m o u s company to Canterbury, w e r e horse-riders: but the bulk w e n t on foot. Conditions h a v e so c h a n g e d with t h e differences in m o d e r n ways and means t h a t t h e E n g l i s h newspapers a r e recording, a s a m a t t e r of surprised i n t e r e s t , t h e feat of a score of Catholic pilgrims who set out, a week or so ago, from t h e outskirts of London to walk t o Waisingham, u p w a r d s of six score miles a w a y , in honour of O u r Lady. T h e y accomplished the journey, nearly all of t h e m walking the whole way, a n d t h e tale of their doings is on m a n y lips. It w a s a v e r y mixed as well a s an entirely u n t r a i n e d band w h i c h made u p t h e r a n k s of t h e walkers'; and between t h e m t h e y represented m a n y classes. T h e r e were a nriest. a n invalid lady who h a d t o be wheeled in a c h a i r — t h e only literally " n o n - w a l k e r " in the company—several Catholic writers, some m a n u a l w o r k e r s , and a counle of y o u n g folk. In front of t h e m they proudly bore a b a n n e r of O u r Lady of W a i s i n g h a m . Their adventure, and t h e line of route, h a d been announced beforehand in t h e Catholic p a p e r s , so t h a t Catholics living in t o w n s and villages along the w a y w e n t out to meet t h e m and escort t h e m in a s t h e c e n t r a l figures in a little spectacle of devotional p a g e a n t r y . T h u s men a n d women w h o h a d known n o t h i n g of one a n o t h e r until t h a t m o m e n t were d r a w n t o g e t h e r a s friends, bound closely b y a link of t h e i r common f a i t h . Footsore b u t h a p p y , t h e pilgrim band reached t h e i r goal, in t i m e to join forces w i t h a large pilgrimage which h a d journeyed from London b y t r a i n . On t h e lone: road the walkers h a d accepted, in t h e true pilgrim spirit, w h a t e v e r sleeping accommodation offered, and on t h e whole t h e y h a d n o t fared so badly. N e x t year, t h e Walk to W a i s i n g h a m m a y easily be a v e n t u r e of much l a r g e r dimensions.

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S e c t a r i a n Violence. Not Catholics alone, b u t all w h o care for orderly life and good r e lations, a r e p e r t u r b e d by t e n d e n cies over h e r e in G r e a t B r i t a i n which t h r e a t e n t o m a k e some of o u r large centres t h e scene of a n t i Catholic violence. T h e s e notes do not deal, ordinarily, w i t h events in Ireland; b u t it m a y b e noted t h a t a recent o r g y of riot and d e s t r u c tion in Belfast, which h a s p r o d u ced a veritable p r o g r a m m e a g a i n s t Catholics in one q u a r t e r of t h e city, seems in d a n g e r of h a v i n g its periodical c o u n t e r p a r t in E d i n burgh in L a n c a s h i r e , too, in t h e neighbourhood w h e r e O r a n g e i s m is strong—Mersevside—there h a v e lately been a t t a c k s on t h e C a t h o lic Motor Chapel w o r k e r s , so t h a t lor safety, on police advice, t h e meetings w e r e suspended. B u t t h e scots capital is j u s t now t h e chief "anger spot. R e a d e r s of t h e Reader know w h a t h a r d e n e d r e cently on t h e occasion of t h e E u charistic Congress. Since t h e n , }1A - tholic firebrand who teads t h e P r o t e s t a n t opposition ™">Iicly Proclaimed t h a t t h e y beginning", a n d t h a t h e ina n t T

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t e n d s t o t r y t o influence employers campaign a g a i n s t Catholics "is of labour a g a i n s t h a v i n g Catholics m t h e i r employ. A t r e n c h a n t and dignified l e t t e r of p r o t e s t h a s been issued by t h e A r c h b i s h o p of St. A n d r e w s and E d i n b u r g h , t h e Most I Rev. Dr. McDonald. His Grace j instances t h e s t a t e of insult and calumny to which Catholics " a r e | exposed in t h e s t r e e t s of t h e city, and w a r n s t h e a u t h o r i t i e s a g a i n s t allowing t h i s s t a t e of t h i n g s to continue. The m e r i t s of t h e case, a s between Catholic and P r o t e s t a n t , a r e fully recognized by every lawabiding citizen a n d also by t h e Scottish press. T h e city's leading daily, t h e S c o t s m a n , comments, for example t h a t "if t h e R o m a n Catholics had r e t a l i a t e d — a n d t h e y deserve credit for t h e i r r e s t r a i n t —-the Edinburgh disturbances m i g h t have a s s u m e d a m u c h more serious a s p e c t . " T h e p a p e r also u t t e r s a w a r n i n g from w h a t h a s been h a p p e n i n g in Belfast. *

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Dr. Thorman Better. The Bishop of H e x h a m and Newcastle, whose serious s t a t e of health was mentioned in t h e s e notes a week or t w o ago, is now well on t h e w ay t o recovery. His Lordship g a i n s s t r e n g t h ' slowly b u t steadily. T h e r e is good news also a s to a n o t h e r Catholic bishop whose condition g a v e cause for a n x i e t y lately, t h e Bishop of Leeds. He, too, is well on t h e w a y to complete r e c o v e r y ; in fact, he h a s already m a d e a re-appearance a m o n g his flock.

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A Notable Catholic L i b r a r y . In a room n e a r W e s t m i n s t e r Cathedral t h e r e is now a process of r e - a r r a n g e m e n t , in a new home, an i m p o r t a n t l i b r a r y of which Catholics in London know v e r y little — t h e Gillow L i b r a r y . W h e n t h e late Mr. Gillow, b i o g r a p h e r of t h e English Catholics, died, h e left t h i s valuable collection of volumes to t h e Catholic Record Society. F o r a n u m b e r of y e a r s t h e books have been housed a t K e n s i n g t o n ; now, however, t h e y will be in a more central situation, easier of access t o t h o s e entitled to use t h e m . T h e Gillow L i b r a r y is rich in works on Catholic h i s t o r y and genealogy in E n g l a n d . M r . Gillow's principal l i t e r a r y m o n u m e n t is his f a m o u s Biographical Dict i o n a r y of t h e E n g l i s h Catholics. * * * * * Shortening The Link. A t t h i s end of t h e world, a s also in Malaya, pleasurable i n t e r e s t will h a v e been aroused by t h e announcement t h a t t h e r e is a likelihood of a twice-weekly a i r service in place of t h e once weekly depart u r e by which t h i s corresoondence a t p r e s e n t w i n g s i t s flight to Singapore. If t h e a r r a n g e m e n t s only m a t u r e , and t h e link between t h e two countries is t h u s shortened, it will be possible, of course, t o keep t h e Catholics of Malaya Au Courant with t h e larger happenings in t h e Catholic world over h e r e in a still m o r e up-to-date m a n n e r . So m a n y functions t a k e place a t t h e week-end. t h a t it is always a little t a n t a l i s i n g t o feel t h a t t h e channel of communication by post is closed on S a t u r d a y m o r n i n g . A second dispatch will t h e r e f o r e j g r e a t l y help.

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MODESTY IN W O M E N ' S D R E S S j ADVOCATED. Boston.—C a t h o 1 i c women were warned against followi n g t h e p a g a n tendencies in w o m e n ' s d r e s s a n d fashions, in a dis- j course delivered b y His Eminence | William Cardinal O'Connell, A r c h - j bishop of Boston, yesterday, a f t e r i h e had a d m i n i s t e r e d t h e S a c r a - j m e n t of Confirmation to more t h a n 600 women c o n v e r t s in t h e C a t h e dral of t h e Holy Cross. "All over t h e world," His E m i nence said, " t h e dress and f a s h ions of women a r e signs of t h e paganism of t h e t i m e . You h a v e t h e Christian F a i t h , and t h e confirmation in t h a t F a i t h is to give you s t r e n g t h n o t t o follow t h e foolish t h i n g s of t h e day. "Again and a g a i n o u r Holy F a t h e r , t h e Pope, h a s given a w a r n i n g to women of t h i s day a b o u t *what t h e y shall wear. T h o u s a n d s upon t h o u s a n d s h a v e paid no a t tention to t h a t voice, or a n y o t h e r . They h a v e k e p t on painting t h e i r faces and even t h e i r fingernails, like so m a n y s a v a g e s , merely because it is popular and t h e f a s h ion of t h e d a y . " For Catholic women t h e Blessed Virgin should be t h e ideal of w o manhood, His E m i n e n c e said a d d ing t h a t " t h a t m e a n s m o d e s t y is y o u r ideal."

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London.—A u t h o r o f the E n g l i s h version of " O C a n a d a , " of t h e popular s o n g " Glorious D e v o n " and many others, Sir Harold Boulton h a s died h e r e a t t h e age of 75. H e w a s buried aft e r Requiem Mass a t F a r m - s t r e e t church. S i r Harold, w h o w a s a c o n v e r t t o t h e . Catholic C h u r c h , w a s p r o m i n e n t in social w o r k in t h e E a s t end of London. W i t h h i s f a t h e r h e founded t h e Dominion T a r a n d Chemical Company, of w h i c h h e w a s c h a i r m a n , a n d for several y e a r s h e w a s p r e s i d e n t of t h e A s sociated T a r Distillers. (N.C.W.C.) APOSTOLIC D E L E G A T E L E A V E S FOR TAIYUANFU, SHANSI. Peiping.—Archbishop Z a n i n left here recently for T a i y u a n f u w h e r e h e will m a k e a canonical visit l a s t i n g approximately two weeks. Matters rel a t i n g t o t h e S e m i n a r i e s of S h a n s i a n d S h e n s i P r o v i n c e s will be discussed in a series of i m p o r t a n t conferences a r r a n g e d t o be held in p r e s e n c e of t h e Apostolic Delegate. M s g r . Zanin plans t o r e t u r n h e r e directly s h o r t l y a f t e r t h e conclusion of t h e deliberations. — (Lumen.)


M A L A Y A C A T H O L I C L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 3 r d A U G U S T , 1935.

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If y o u should t r a v e l a r o u n d t h e w o r l d , you would l e a r n t o e a t y o u r d i n n e r in a good m a n y w a y s . J n T u r k e y you would l e a r n t o sit on t h e floor, c r o s s l e g g e d , a n d e a t off a r o u n d t r a y , w i t h o u t knives o r f o r k s , glasses o r n a p k i n s . All t h e g u e s t s e a t w i t h t h e i r fingers o u t of t h e s a m e d i s h . If you dined w i t h t h e A r a b s , y o u would see n o k n i v e s o r f o r k s ; a n d if y o u r h o s t offered you a choice b i t of m e a t , y o u would be e x p e c t e d t o open y o u r m o u t h a n d let h i m p u t it in. T h e A r a b s u s e only t h e r i g h t h a n d in e a t i n g ; a n d , w h a t i s still m o r e f u n n y , t h e y will pull a p a r t o r c a r v e t u r k e y s o r fowls w i t h only o n e h a n d a n d w i t h o u t a knife. If it is h a r d t o s e p a r a t e , one of t h e g u e s t s will lend h i s r i g h t h ^ n d . I n S i a m you would b e t r e a t e d t o a n t s ' e g g s ; a n d in B u r m a h t o locusts, stuffed a n d f r i e d . All o u r y o u n g folk, I a m s u r e , would like t o e a t in J a p a n ; for t h e Japanese serve candy and sweet t h i n g s very often, a n d w h a t one c a n ' t e a t one is p e r mitted to take home with one. A t all g r a n d f e a s t s g u e s t s a r e expected t o b r i n g s e r v a n t s , w i t h b a s k e t s , t o t a k e back t h e choice leavings. I n Abyssinia i t is a m a r k of good breeding t o s m a c k t h e lips while e a t i n g ; a n d I ' m s u r e you'll n o t b e surprised t o h e a r t h a t A b y s s i n i a n s eat t h e i r m e a t r a w . I n S o u t h A m e r i c a y o u would e a t lizards a n d s n a k e s , a n d a m o n g t h e A m e r i c a n I n d i a n s you would be t r e a t e d t o r o a s t e d g r a s s h o p p e r s . In O t a h e i t e y o u would h a v e y o u r d i n n e r alone, s e r v e d in a b a s k e t ; a n d if you w e r e i n t h e fashion you would s i t down o n t h e floor, t u r n y o u r back t o e v e r y b o d y a n d e a t in silence. I t is t h e r e considered v e r y improper t o e a t with others. Snails a n d horseflesh would g r e e t you in F r a n c e . B u t t h e f u n n i e s t dish you would see, I think, would be in China, w h e r e t h e y s e r v e u p little c r a b s — a l i v e ! J u s t a s t h e y sit down t o d i n n e r t h e t i n y c r a b s a r e p u t in a d i s h of vinegar, w h i c h m a k e s t h e m ^very lively. T h e n t h e y a r e p u t inix> a covered d i s h a n d placed o n t h e t a b l e . W h e n e v e r y o n e is r e a d y t h e lid is s n a t c h e d off, a n d i n s t a n t ly t h e table is covered w i t h scamp e r i n g c r a b l e t s , r u n n i n g for t h e i r lives. N o w c o m e s t h e f u n ! T h e A CHILD'S SERMON. T h e f a m o u s P a s s i o n P l a y is r e g u l a r l y r e n d e r e d in m a n y cities d u r i n g lent. O n e of t h e t e n s e s t a n d m o s t t r a g i c a l p a r t of t h e play is t h e scene of J u d a s ' despair, w h e n h e piercingly cries o u t : " T o w h o m shall I g o ? I h a v e b e t r a y e d m y L o r d ! " A t o n e of t h e r e n d i t i o n s of t h e t o u c h i n g play, a little g i r l of seven y e a r s w a s s i t t i n g w i t h h e r m o t h e r in t h e audience. W h e n t h e a c t o r who r e p r e s e n t e d J u d a s came t o t h e despair scene, a n d s c r e a m e d frantically " T o w h o m shall I g o ? I have betrayed m y Lord!" The a u d i e n c e w a s b r e a t h l e s s w i t h susp e n s e . Suddenly t h e little girl's voice r a n g clear a n d sweet t h r o u g h t h e a u d i t o r i u m , a s s h e cried, clingi n g convulsively t o h e r m o t h e r : " M a m a , tell h i m t o go t o M a r y ! " Indeed, had J u d a s but gone to M a r y , s h e would have obtained f o r g i v e n e s s f o r h i m ; a n d to-day he would be a s h i g h in heaven, a s h e n o w m a y be d e e p in hell.

TASTE

I Will. I will s t a r t a n e w t h i s m o r n i n g a n d be loyal to m y creed, I will cease t o sit repining o'er m y ruthless n e i g h b o u r ' s g r e e d ; I will waste n o m o m e n t w h i n i n g a n d m y h e a r t shall know no fear. I will look s o m e t i m e s about me for t h e t h i n g s t h a t m e r i t praise, I will search f o r hidden beauties t h a t elude t h e g r u m b l e r ' s g a z e ; I will t r y to find c o n t e n t m e n t in the paths that I must tread I will cease t o h a v e r e s e n t m e n t w h e n another moves ahead. I will n o t b e swayed by envy w h e n m y rival's s t r e n g t h is shown, I will not deny his merit, b u t will t r y t o prove m y o w n ; I will t r y t o see t h e b e a u t y s p r e a d before m e , rain or s h i n e : I will cease t o preach your d u t y , a n d be more concerned w i t h mine.

guests, with both hands, grab r i g h t a n d left, a n d stuff into t h e i r m o u t h s t h e s e lively, w r i g g l i n g c r a b s a n d e a t t h e m down w i t h g r e a t relish. While you're on your journey, p e r h a p s y o u would like t o " s k i p " N e w C a l e d o n i a ; f o r t h e r e , if people w e r e polite t o you, t h e y would serve—up r o a s t e d or even r a w s p i d e r s . " H o r r i d ! " did you s a y Well, it does s e e m d i s g u s t i n g t o u s , b u t people w h o h a v e e a t e n t h e m s a y t h e y t a s t e like n u t s . I've r e a d of o n e young lady in E u r o p e w h o n e v e r s a w a spider in i t s web b u t s h e c a u g h t it a n d a t e it a t once, CEASE ! T H E HEART OF a s y o u would e a t a c h e r r y . I don't IESUS IS WITH ME. know t h a t spiders are a n y worse t h a n g r u b s , which a r e large, f a t | T h i s is t h e m o t t o which s u r worms, as big as a man's thumb. | r o u n d s t h e i m a g e of t h e Sacred I n India y o u see t h e m r o a s t e d a n d H e a r t on t h e flag a n d on t h e s e r v e d i n s t e a d of f r u i t a t desert. b r e a s t s of t h e Pontifical Louaves a n d t h e B r e t o n soldiers. I t is said t h a t t h e s e words, so CHARITY. suggestive of c o u r a g e a n d calmn e s s , were t h e inspiration of a Speak for the tongue that is silent, mother. Plead for the voice that is mute, She blessed h e r kneeling son, Heal the heart that is broken w h o was a b o u t s e t t i n g o u t for When life offers bitter fruit! R o m e to fight in defence of P i u s IX, a n d courageously, t h o u g h w ith on the highways healed. Christ emotion, bidding h i m a l a s t adieu, prayed, Christ in the Garden placed a medal of t h e Sacred H e a r t on the Cross revealed Christ on his neck. F o r a m o m e n t t h e and unafraid. Love unpriced poor m o t h e r w a s o v e r c o m e ; s h e who are strong should They trembled violently; perhaps a gladden, vision of blood passed before h e r eyes; t h e n , a s if inspired, teach; They who are wise should s h e cried: " C e a s e ! t h e H e a r t of To lives misfortune sadden J e s u s is with m e . " H e r face r e Kind, loving arms should reach! • s u m e d i t s wonted calm, a n d , emb r a c i n g h e r son, s h e said, "Go Would y o u fancy e a t i n g r o a s t e d f o r t h ; I am r e a s s u r e d . " T h e s e eloquent w o r d s should be a n t s b y t h e handful, a s you e a t sugar-plums? T h e y t a s t e like t h e m o t t o of e v e r y soldier of J e s u s s w e e t e n e d c r e a m , so t r a v e l l e r s s a y , C h r i s t , and w h e n t e m p t e d t o neg— I n e v e r t r i e d t h e m . B u t really, ligence, idleness, self love, or w h e n y o u come t o t h i n k of i t , rebellion t h e lips should m u r m u r n o n e of t h e s e insects t h a t w e con- a s a p r a y e r for diligence and 'Cease t h e H e a r t of s i d e r so d i s g u s t i n g a n d h o r r i b l e c o u r a g e : look a n y w o r s e t h a n l o b s t e r s a n d J e s u s is with m e . ' c r a b s , w h i c h w e e a t freely. I t is STUDY T H E H I D D E N L I F E . a good deal a m a t t e r of fashion, a f t e r a l l ; a n d I d a r e s a y if you h a d L e t u s in o u r love t o w a r d s t h e been b r o u g h t u p in I n d i a y o u would enjoy d i g g i n g u p a centi- Sacred H e a r t , endeavour t o become p e d e e i g h t e e n inches long a n d e a t - m o r e i n t i m a t e l y a c q u a i n t e d with i n g I t like a stick of candy, a s i t s life a t N a z a r e t h , so t h a t , children do t h e r e , according t o V o n c h a r m e d w i t h t h e m a r v e l s w e shall t h e r e discover, we m a y be filled Humboldt.—S.R. w i t h desire t o act a n d suffer with ( F r o m t h e D o w r y of M a r y ) t h e same m o t i v e s a n d intentions t h a t led to t h e actions a n d sufferSALUTE OUR KING. i n g s of J e s u s , a n d t h u s a r r i v e in M a n y of u s p a s s t h e c h u r c h door t i m e a t a m o r e j u s t appreciation of e v e r y d a y . If w e m a y n o t t h e n t h e t r u e c h a r a c t e r a n d blessed p a u s e even for a s h o r t visit t o t h e f r u i t s of a life formed on t h e Blessed S a c r a m e n t , do w e show model of t h e Hidden Life of I Nazareth. our respect for the Tabernacle K i n g b y some s l i g h t a c t of e x t e r i Do you w i s h t o know t h e value o r d e v o t i o n ? U n o b t r u s i v e indeed of your soul? T h e n t h i n k of t h e is t h e s l i g h t b o w of t h e h e a d or price of y o u r redemption. I t is a lifting of t h e h a t , b u t such a n n o t t h e world w i t h all i t s gold n o r a c t Is p l e a s i n g t o o u r Lord, a n d H i s t h e world itself w i t h all i t contains, blessing accompanies t h e Indul- b u t God Himself w h o is t h e price gence of 100 d a y s g r a n t e d f o r t h e of our r a n s o m . a c t itself. * * * * T h e r e a r e people w h o do n o t love God, who n e v e r p r a y t o H i m , a n d MIRTH. y e t prosper. I t is a b a d sign. T h e y A m a n w i t h o u t m i r t h i s like a w a g o n h a v e done s o m e little good amid a w i t h o u t s p r i n g s , in w h i c h o n e i s c a u s e d g r e a t deal of evil, a n d God is red i s a g r e e a b l y t o j o l t b y e v e r y pebble o v e r p a y i n g t h e m for i t in t h i s life. which it runs.—Henry Ward Beecher. * * * # • St. J o h n B a p t i s t Vianney, Cure d ' A r s . N o s t r e a m f r o m i t s s o u r c e flows s e a ward, however lonely its course, b u t * • * • * t h a t s o m e i a n d is g l a d d e n e d . N o star T h e r e a r e t w o easy p a t h s to e v e r r o s e a n d s e t w i t h o u t influence s o m e heaven. T h e y s h o r t e n t h e diswhere. N o life can be pure in i t s purt a n c e i m m e n s e l y ; t h e p a t h for t h e pose and s t r o n g in its strife and all life poor is P a t i e n c e , a n d t h a t for t h e n o t be p u r e r a n d s t r o n g e r t h e r e b y . O w e n Meredith. rich, C h a r i t y . 1

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"Every child needs milk every day."

MILKMAID MILK LAUGHS Eyebrows. T h e little girl a t school was not q u i t e skilled in t h e s h a p i n g of h e r letters. " M a y , " said t h e teacher, "when you m a k e y o u r " i ' s " you forget to p u t in s o m e t h i n g , w h a t is i t ? " O h , I k n o w , " said May, " I forg o t t o p u t t h e eyebrows on."

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None. One d a y a n inspector said to a school-boy. " I f t h e r e were 82 blackbirds on a t r e e a n d I fired and s h o t 24 of t h e m , h o w m a n y would r e m a i n ?" T h e boy a n s w e r e d , "none of t h e m would r e m a i n b e c a u s e ' t h e r e s t would fly a w a y . "

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T o m m y ' s Answer. T h e bishop w a s coming t o visit t h e school. T h e t e a c h e r warned all h e r pupils t o b e sure and add. r e s s h i m a s " M y L o r d . " B u t when i t h e Bishop a s k e d little Tommy his a g e , T o m m y gulped a n d gazed a t t h e t e a c h e r a n d b l u r t e d out, "My God, I ' m s e v e n . "

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Fine Prescription B u t . . . . " A n d h e r e , " said t h e physician, " a r e some pills f o r y o u r t h r o a t and some for y o u r digestion and some for your heart." " T h a t ' s fine, doctor," said t h e old lady. " B u t h o w will those pills k n o w w h e r e t o s t o p , once t h e y get inside m e ? "

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A Bright Lad. L i t t l e J i m m y w h o w a s barely six y e a r s old, w a s paid by his m o t h e r a p e n n y p e r dozen for pins , picked u p from t h e carpet, t o keep | t h e b a b y from g e t t i n g t h e m . " N u r s e , " said J i m m y , as his stock of pennies increased, "do you k n o w w h a t I a m going t o do when I have sixpence?" " N o " a n s w e r e d t h e nurse. " I a m going t o b u y a packet of pins a n d s c a t t e r t h e m about, all on t h e c a r p e t , a n d t h e n pick t h e m u p . " * * * * T h e R i g h t One. A m a n discovered some small boys seated in a r i n g round a little dog. " W h a t a r e you boys doing T h e inquired. " W e ' r e b a v i n ' a competition.' said a n u r c h i n . "Whoever tells t h e b i g g e s t lie wins t h i s here do." T h e m a n t h o u g h t to improve t h e occasion, a n d b e g a n : "When I w a s a little boy I never told unt r u t h s . . . " b u t he w a s interr u p t e d by a voice: Give t h e gent t h e d o g , Alf."


MALAYA CATHOLIC LEADER, S A T U R D A Y , 3 r d A U G U S T , 1 9 3 5 .

Press

Gleanings

P R I E S T S E F F O R T S T O IMP R O V E ECONOMIC C O N D I T I O N OF NEGROES.

b$ A i r A National Scheme Coming? T h e N a t i o n a l Council of Social S e r vice, w h i c h f o r m e r l y has m e t o n l y a t Oxford o r C a m b r i d g e , this y e a r held i t s m e e t i n g s a t B r i s t o l , a n d it w a s a n n o u n c ed t h a t Y o r k w o u l d be t h e c e n t r e n e x t year. Summer The Social a n d T h e o l o g i c a l Schools w h i c h w e still c o n t i n u e t o r u n at t h e U n i v e r s i t i e s , should n o t e t h a t a t r a v e l l i n g circus i s t h e m o d e m idea, b u t that i s b y t h e w a y . What is of interest from Bristol meetings is the hint given by Professor Scott W a t s o n t h a t t h e r e i s a c h a n c e o f a n a t i o n a l s c h e m e o f land s e t t l e m e n t . The professor said that w e m a y e x pect i n t h e f u t u r e a d i m i n i s h i n g c o n sumption of plain things, like bread, beef and p o t a t o e s , a n d a n i n c r e a s i n g c o n sumption of chickens, green peas, aspar a g u s , e g g s , a n d f r u i t , and t h a t in t h i s c h a n g e o v e r t h e B r i t i s h f a r m e r m u s t look for h i s f u t u r e m a r k e t . W e cannot believe that subsistence farming would lead to a fall in t h e cons u m p t i o n of p l a i n t h i n g s , b u t r a t h e r t h e reverse. P r e s e n t e x p e r i m e n t s u n d e r t h e aegis of t h e Land Settlement Association s h o u l d b e directed t o s u b s i s t e n c e , and n o t m a r k e t , f a r m i n g .

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Human Needs the Standard. Our s e x - r i d d e n p r e s s h a s c o n c e n t r a t e d a t t e n t i o n o n t h e L.C.C. a n d m a r r i e d w o m e n , b e c a u s e t h e General P u r p o s e s Committee has recommended that certain married doctors and teachers be allowed to retain their posts. F e w newspapers, though, reported an I i m p o r t a n t r e c o m m e n d a t i o n o f t h e L.C.C. t H o s p i t a l s a n d Medical S e r v i c e s C o m - I

Mail

Human Needs and Family Needs. W e s h o u l d find i n t h e e n d t h a t i t i s c h e a p e r , t h a t , a s t h e L.C.C. R e p o r t s a y s with regard to hospital accommodation, if t h e c o m f o r t a n d w e l l - b e i n g o f h u m a n beings is considered " a l l other cons i d e r a t i o n s a n d all t h e o r e t i c a l f o r m u l a s can be disregarded." H u m a n n e e d s a n d f a m i l y n e e d s are the things to which the Popes always call a t t e n t i o n w h e n s e e k i n g t h e clue t o sane social reform. I n this country w e t r y , b y social s e r v i c e s , f r e e education, s t a t e i n s u r a n c e , s t a t e m e d i c a l a i d and s o o n , t o d i s r e g a r d t h e f a m i l y b a s i s of reckoning, to ignore the primary s t a n d a r d , f a m i l y w e l l - b e i n g a n d comfort. The bureaucratic mind w a n t s national standards for everything, and imposes r i g i d f o r m u l a s b a s e d o n a v e r a g e s , whe** the plain fact i s that there is no average m a n , b u t only individuals, w h o vary infinitely in their outlook and needs. The short c u t t o s a n i t y h a s been disc o v e r e d b y o n e L.C.C. C o m m i t t e e , a n d if t h e L a b o u r P a r t y o n c e b e c o m e s imbued w i t h t h e s t a n d a r d s of t h i s c o m m i t t e e , it will re-make t h e country, b u t it will have ceased to seek its inspiration in Socialism.

D r a g g i n g The P o p e In. N o doubt with t h e best intentions, the Sunday Referee appealed last week to t h e P o p e to i n t e r v e n e i n t h e I t a l i a n Abyssinian dispute, but w e cannot believe that the appea! w a s well-considered.

j£$*g. Ckatt Cta* C^ttfe a itag

mittee, scrapping standards of accomm o d a t i o n in t h e hospital w a r d s b a s e d o n such considerations a s air pollution, etc. " T h e y h a d n o r e a l scientific f o u n d a t i o n , " s a y s t h e Report. "Experience has proved t h a t t h e comfort and wellb e i n g o f t h e p a t i e n t a n d h i s efficient be t h e d e t e r m i n i n g treatment should factors." T h i s l i t t l e b r e a t h of s h e e r c o m m o n s e n s e is t h e k i n d of t h i n g w e a r e c o n s t a n t l y a d v o c a t i n g . In a l l d e p a r t m e n t s of life l e t u s c o n s i d e r t h e c o m f o r t a n d w e l l - b e i n g of m e n a n d w o m e n , n o t s o m e abstract formula, into which human bei n g s a r e m a d e t o fit, w i t h t h e s a m e u n happy results a s attended t h e Chinese w o m e n w h o c r a m p e d their f e e t . of Man's n e e d s a r e t h e m e a s u r e t h i n g s , and n o t v i c e v e r s a , b u t w e m u s t illustrate.

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W a g e s and Houses. The m o d e r n i d e a i s t o build h o u s e s t o a price, n o t t o t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s of a normal f a m i l y . S u c h h o u s e s p u t a p r e mium on contraception, and w e cannot always avoid t h e suspicion t h a t that is w h a t t h e y a r e m e a n t t o do. I n s t e a d o f f o u r good b i g b e d r o o m s , which a n y n o r m a l f a m i l y w i l l r e q u i r e i n t i m e , w e find t h e t w o - b e d r o o m t y p e v e r y common, and w h e n there is a third bedroom, i t is often no b i g g e r than a decent rabbit h u t c h . Complain, and y o u are told that bigwhich ger houses are uneconomical, means o n l y t h a t t h e r e n t s w o u l d h a v e to b e h i g h e r . B u t w h y s h o u l d t h e r e n t govern the f a m i l y ? W h y should not a big f a m i l y h a v e a big h o u s e a n d p a y a big r e n t ? B e c a u s e , w e a r e told, i n d u s t r y c a n n o t afford h i g h e r w a g e s , t h e b i g g e s t l i e of all. W a g e s a n d c o s t s a r e b u t a r a t i o , in a n y c a s e , b u t i n d u s t r y ' s b e s t friend is the b i g f a m i l y , the c o n s u m i n g f a m i l y . Children a r e n o n - p r o d u c e r s b u t g r e a t consumers. Why not start with the assumption that the only standard f o r w a g e s and rent and prices i s the w e l l - b e i n g of t h e r o ^ a l and normally expanding family until ?

T h e nations do n o t want men o f religion t o interfere in politics, and a n y attempt b y the H o l y Father t o express a n opinion publicly o n a political matter w o u l d c a u s e t h e a n t i c l e r i c a l Dations a n d governments to close the ranks against h i m . R e m e m b e r t h e P a c t o f London. The rather puerile a n d silly modern i d e a i s t h a t e d u c a t i o n h a s n o w fitted t h e l a y m a n t o do all his political business w i t h o u t t h e a i d o f m e n o f God. A f e w c e n t u r i e s a g o t h e l a y m a n w a s t o o proud t o d o a n y t h i n g b u t fight. L e t t e r s a n d t r e a t y - m a k i n g w e r e o n l y fit f o r p r i e s t s . So he thought. Nowadays the layman has grown up. H e knows more than h i s old t u t o r , a n d b y J o v e , h e w i l l ^ o t suffer h i s i n t e r f e r e n c e ! H e w i l l g r o w o u t o f t h i s mood. I n f a c t h e is a l r e a d y g r o w i n g o u t o f i t . H e i s b e g i n n i n g t o call i n h i s t u t o r a t l e a s t e v e r y t i m e h e m a k e s a m e s s of i t himself. Spies in Spain. Spain w a s the last country to b e affected b y n a t i o n a l i s t f e v e r , b u t u n d o u b t e d l y i t i s c a u s i n g her t o run a high temperature just a t present. T h e English " miss is a s b i g a b o g y t h e r e a s t h e German gipsies were over here before the w a r . 99

A f e w unpleasant incidents have o c curred. W o m e n h a v e b e e n fired a t b y patriotic peasants, and Miss Court w a s imprisoned on the evidence of a m a n who knew practically no English, f o r criticising the Spanish government. She w a s acquitted of the charge, and her a c c u s e r w a s fined f o r n o t a p p e a r i n g a t t h e trial. The severity of the sentence passed on Captain Kane is a s surprising a s i t is excessive. N o doubt it will be r e duced, or p e r h a p s r e m i t t e d a s a r e s u l t of representations b e i n g made t o t h e Spanish government. Lord Castlerosse wrote on Sunday a b o u t C a p t a i n K a n e , a n d censured t h e

BACKED BY SOUTH AFRICAN TEACHER'S CONFERENCE.

Salisbury, (Southern Rhodesia, Africa).—Rev. B e r n a r d H u s s , of t h e Mariannhill Missionaries, who for m a n y y e a r s has been engaged in social work a m o n g t h e n a t i v e s of South Africa, has been proposed a s a n a u t h o r i t y t o d r a w up a survey of t h e conditions a n d possibilities of co-operative o r g a n i s a t i o n in South Africa. The proposal w a s expressed in a resolution passed a t t h e Inter-territorial Conference on African Village Development a n d Education, held a t Salisbury in June. T h e C h a i r m a n of t h e Conference, D r . C. T. L o r a m , P r o f e s s o r of Education a t Yale U n i v e r s i t y , formerly Chief Inspector of N a t i v e Education in N a t a l a n d for t e n y e a r s a m e m b e r of t h e N a t i v e Affairs Commission of S o u t h Africa, said t h a t F a t h e r H u s s ' s eff o r t s t o improve t h e economic of t h e S o u t h African position B a n t u were well know n in A m e r i c a ; h e also said t h a t P r o t e s t a n t missionaries should n o t be afraid of h i m because he is a Catholic priest. F a t h e r H u s s read a p a p e r on ' T h e Significance of t h e Cooperative Movement i n African Village Development." After a discussion on this subject, a r e solution w a s formulated a n d a p proved by t h e Conference, worded t h u s : " A n impetus t o t h e advancem e n t of t h e co-operative movem e n t in Africa would be given if a survey, u n d e r t a k e n w i t h t h e help of t h e g o v e r n m e n t s concerned, w e r e m a d e of t h e conditions a n d possibilities of cooperative organisation in t h e different t e r r i t o r i e s , , a n d such a s u r v e y would prove m o s t successful b y e n l i s t i n g t h e services of experienced a u t h o r i t i es, such a s Mr. Strickland a n d t h e Rev. F a t h e r B e r n a r d H u s s . " of Southern The Governor Rhodesia, H i s Excellency S i r H e r b e r t Stanley, was p r e s e n t a t t h e Conference.—(Fides) r

" decadent dagoes " w h o m Drake, or a n other of o u r pirates, s o deservedly chastised. Such extremes of speech are regrettable. They are due t o English arrogance. W h a t is more important, t h e y cause s o m e o f o u r people t o b e h a v e i n a d i s g u s t i n g m a n n e r in S p a i n a n d o t h e r countries. The Hectoring Briton

Abroad.

People brought up on the Captain Kettle tradition, the modern version of t h e D ^ a k e — R a l e i g h buccaneejr s t o r i e s , a r e a p t to b e h a v e w i t h i n s o l e n c e t o w a r d s " decadent dagoes," b u t t h e y would b e w e l l a d v i s e d t o think t w i c e b e f o r e e m u lating Captain Kettle to-day. The Italians certainly will n o t tolerate it, a n d t h e S p a n i a r d s a r e b e c o m i r g e q u a l l y s e n s i t i v e w h e r e n a t i o n a l pride is concerned. Our p e o p l e s h o u l d b e warned that the old-fashioned w a y of b u l l y i n g L a t i n s is n o w r e a U y d a n g e r o u s . They have learnt h o w t o retaliate in kind. N a t u r a l l y none of t h e s e r e m a r k s a p p l y t o C a p t a i n K a n e or M i s s Court. T h e y are s u g g e s t e d b y t h e a g g r e s s i v e n e s s of Lord C a s t l e r o s s e ' s c o m m e n t s , and b e c a u s e w e h a v e o u r s e l v e s s e e n E n l i s h people h e c t o r i n g a n d s t r i k i n g both Italians and Spaniards, a s t h e readiest w a y o f e n d i n g an a r g u m e n t . W e f e l t ashamed of them. It w a s a l w a y s t h e w r o n g w a y , a n d i s especially s o now t h a t nationalism is r a m p a n t . I t would b e b e t t e r t o encoura g e our p e o p l e to l e a r n t h o r o u g h l y t h e language and customs of the countries t h e y intend t o visit, a n d to* b e h a v e t h e r e a s they would in decent society a t home. (Catholic T i m e s , J u l y 19).

DROUGHT COMPELS CHINESE R E F U G E E S TO S E E K N E W HOMES. Siwantze, (Mongolia).—The p r o vincial g o v e r n m e n t of S h a n t u n g h a s s t a r t e d a movement of m a s s emigration to Chahar. The d r o u g h t in S h a n t u n g h a s c r e a t e d a s h o r t a g e of food, while C h a h a r , j owing to a long e r a of o u t l a w r y and several y e a r s of b a d crops, h a s been g r e a t l y depopulated and i n need of i n h a b i t a n t s . I t is planned to settle 30 families for e v e r y already g r o u p of 20 families dwelling in t h e province. Eight villages h a v e been organized s o f a r b u t t h e difficulties a r e m a n y . T h e people from S h a n t u n g h a v e n o t t h e m e a n s t o b u y food supplies, live stock, f a r m i n g tools, & c , a n d , moreover, t h e y find t h e climate .of Mongolia v e r y severe. Missiona r i e s expect t h a t t h i s m o v e m e n t of colonization m a y h a v e a good effect in e x t e n d i n g t h e Church, b e cause t h e n e w a r r i v a l s will find m a n y Catholic chapels in t h e region b u t f e w p a g a n p a g o d a s . — RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION MENACE TO P E A C E . L o n d o n . — P e r s e c u t i o n of religion is declared a m e n a c e t o peace i n a resolution passed b y t h e E x ecutive C o m m i t t e e of t h e L e a g u e of N a t i o n s Union h e r e . A f t e r considering a u n a n i m o u s r e p o r t of i t s C h r i s t i a n O r g a n i s a tions Committee, which eonsits o f r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s of t h e Church of England, t h e Catholic Church, t h e F r e e C h u r c h e s a n d t h e Salvation Army, t h e Executive Committee adopted t h i s resolution: " T h e E x e c u t i v e Committee of t h e L e a g u e of N a t i o n s Union }s concerned a b o u t t h e religious i n tolerance a t p r e s e n t shown in c e r t a i n countries. I t believes t h a t BO g o v e r n m e n t t h a t denies t o its s u b j e c t s t h e free exercise of religious practice a n d t e a c h i n g can-hope t o secure t h e real friendship of t h e people of t h i s country. " T h e E x e c u t i v e Committee sees in t h i s s t a t e of affairs a serious h i n d r a n c e t o good i n t e r n a t i o n a l r e lations, a n d r e q u e s t s H i s M a j e s t y ' s G o v e r n m e n t t o t a k e a n y s t e p s it t h i n k s possible, w h e t h e r b y p r i v a t e r e p r e s e n t a t i o n s or b y public action a t Geneva o r elsewhere, to influence such g o v e r n m e n t s to g r a n t religious freedom." CATHOLIC F O R RADIO IN BRITAIN.

POST

OPPOSITION FROM M E M B E R S F R E E CHURCHES GROUP.

OP

London.—Opposition t o t h e a p p o i n t m e n t of a Catholic a s Controller of P r o g r a m m e s of tife British Broadcasting Corporation —virtually a government departm e n t — h a s been raised b y a grotfp of m e m b e r s of P a r l i a m e n t i n t h e n a m e of t h e F r e e C h u r c h e s . T h e a p p o i n t m e n t of Capt. C e d l G r a v e s t o b e D i r e c t o r of P r o g r a m mes—he was formerly assistent d i r e c t o r — h a s been a n n o u n c e d . I It is stated that t h e p a r l i a m e n t a r y g r o u p w h i c h opposes t h e a p p o i n t m e n t will m a k e r e p r e s e n t a tions t o t h e P o s t m a s t e r General* t o t h e B o a r d of t h e B.B.C., a n d , possibly, in t h e H o u s e of Commons. T h e a s s u m p t i o n of t h e p r o t e s t e r s is t h a t C a p t a i n Graves, being I a Catholic, will n o t be able t o alI low t h e f r e e d o m of t h o u g h t a n d b r o a d m i n d e d censorship w h i c h is considered desirable. B r o a d c a s t i n g in G r e a t B r i t a i n is state-controlled. T h e B.B.C. exercises a monopoly, working u n d ^ r license from t h e government.


BODY OF ITALIAN MISSIONARY MURDERED A YEAR AGO FOUND.

SYNTHETIC HUMAN VOICE FRANCISCAN'S

LABORATORY

EXPERLMENTS

vocal in t o n e respectively ascendi n g a n d descending, v a r y i n g from individual t o individual. So f a r w e h a v e finished t h e s t u d y of 12 s u b j e c t s . Of course w e also regist e r each p h r a s e on a disc so a s t o h a v e a c o n s t a n t o p p o r t u n i t y for comparison. " O n e of m y books on t h e t i m b r e of t h e h u m a n voice shows how useful t h e s e sonorous d o c u m e n t s a r e for a profound s t u d y of h u m a n t y p e s . T h e t e c h n i q u e of m y labor a t o r y h a s been so perfected in t h e s e four y e a r s of r e s e a r c h , t h a t i t is possible t o recognize a n individual w h o h a s pronounced a cert a i n p h r a s e b y a glance a t t h e diag r a m m e of his voice. T h e s e r e s e a r c h e s , in which I believe t h e U n i v e r s i t y of t h e S a c r e d H e a r t is t h e first, h a v e a r o u s e d t h e u t m o s t i n t e r e s t abroad. In fact, w e h a v e a l r e a d y been visited by G e r m a n a n d A m e r i c a n scholars. Sonorous r e g i s t r a t i o n is now used for t h e p u r p o s e of psychological r e s e a r c h .

" A n o t h e r miracle also w a s p e r f o r m e d in o u r l a b o r a t o r y : availing ourselves of tjie p r o g r e s s of electro-acoustics we h a v e c o n s t r u c t e d a h u m a n voice: w e h a d no o t h e r aim by this method than to test t h e e x a c t n e s s of o u r a n a l y s i s , r e composing t h e e l e m e n t s . W e h a v e , in fact, c o n s t r u c t e d a s y n t h e t i c voice. T h e b o u n d a r i e s of science, a t l e a s t in t h i s field h a v e been certainly reached. " B u t t h e h u m a n s y n t h e t i c voice l ack s a n d will a l w a y s lack somet h i n g , a c e r t a i n living a n d essential p e c u l i a r i t y w h i c h will r e n d e r i t p e r f e c t l y a n d profoundly differe n t f r o m a n a t u r a l h u m a n voice; w e a r e n o t capable of r e p r o d u c i n g t h o s e v e r y little individual v a r i a t i o n s w h i c h m y s t u d i e s of t h e a n a l y s i s of t h e voice show t o b e t h e c h a r a c t e r s of individual t i m bre. That is, t h a t individual characteristic rendering human m o v e m e n t s alive a n d personal, is lacking." (N.C.W.C.)

p r o d u c t i o n of t h e h u m a n voice m i g h t d i s t u r b t h a t s o r t of a m a g i c d r e a m w h i c h w a s b e i n g developed in a half-shadow e x t r e m e l y propitious to suggestion." S p e a k i n g of t h e technical s t u d i e s on t h e h u m a n voice a t t h e U n i v e r s i t y o v e r which h e presides, F a t h e r Gemelli s a i d : " I n f o u r y e a r s of a s s i d u o u s w o r k in m y l a b o r a t o r y in t h e U n i v e r s i t y of t h e Sacred H e a r t , I used sound registration for t h e analytical s t u d y of t h e h u m a n voice. I t w a s possible f o r m e , t h r o u g h some artifices t o o b t a i n a r e p r o d u c t i o n of some simple p h r a s e s u c h a s t o allow t h e a n a l y s i s of t h e sonorous curves in their elements and t o isolate t h e c o n s t a n t f r o m t h e v a r i able. T h e emission, of a simple e x c l a m a t i o n , f o r e x a m p l e , which h a s a n a p p a r e n t l y precise and definite sound, analyzed b y t h e s e m e t h o d s r e v e a l s some p h r a s e s p r e c e d i n g a n d following t h e c e n t r a l

K A N N A P P A & CO., Kuala Lumpur & Singapore.

i\ not a luxury fat a Social Msnafer — A fla*-lv*«

beauty

REV.

K. Y. P. ISMAIL, Malacca.

is OTK- of tSc foundations of

My«*c SaoJal

FATHER

GALLAGHER

HERE TO PREACH

MISSIONS.

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NARAYANASWAMY & SONS, P.O. B o x N o . 413—130-A, Middle Road, SINGAPORE.

SEASON:—

S t a t i o n of the Cross (Illustrated) R o m e . — A t e l e g r a m from B i H o l y W e e k Book shop G a e t a n o Mignani, h e a d of Bible History (Illustrated) t h e V i c a r i a t e Apostolic of Kianfu, Catholic Doctrine Kiangsi, China, h a s been received I m i t a t i o n of C h r i s t at t h e provincial h e a d q u a r t e r s of Holy Bible Catholic Boys' Guide t h e Italian Vincentian F a t h e r s in C a t h o l i c G i r l s ' Guide, e t c . l u r i n w h i c h bears t h e following m e s s a g e , brief but full of signifiT h e s e a r e t h e b o o k s t h a t shou'ii cance: "Body of F a t h e r A n s e l m o g r e a t l y a p p e a l t o o u r f e l l o w Catholics. G e t t h e m f r o m t h e o n l y S t o r e of its found. Killed a y e a r a g o . " k i n d in M a l a y a . Rev. J a m e s Anselmo w a s a b ducted f r o m his mission a t Linkiang, K i a n g s i , on C h r i s t m a s E v e N E W L I F E MOVEMENT IN 1933. I n t h e last l e t t e r received CHINA. from h i m , dated J a n u a r y 8, 1934 he said t h a t h e w a s not well, coughing constantly, t h a t p r o b a b l y Principles of Confucius Instilled. h e had a n a t t a c k of b r o n c h i t i s . All news t h e r e a f t e r came indirectl y , and conflicting r e p o r t s w e r e S h a n g h a i . — T h e scope of t h e New received a b o u t his s t a t e of h e a l t h Life Movement is to b e attained, s a y i t s p r o m o t e r s , by combining and his w h e r e a b o u t s . t h e doctrines of D r . S u n Y a t Sen, On M a y 2 1 , t h i s year, t h e Chifounder of t h e Republic, w i t h t h e nese M i n i s t e r of Foreign Affairs t e a c h i n g s a n d m o r a l m a x i m s of delivered a n o t e to t h e I t a l i a n A m Confucius. T h e F o u r G r e a t Virb a s s a d o r a t N a n k i n g , which said t u e s , Education, J u s t i c e , Tempert h a t , a l t h o u g h still in t h e h a n d s ance, Modesty, called t h e Four of t h e C o m m u n i s t s , F a t h e r A n Columns of t h e S t a t e , will have a selmo w a s i n good h e a l t h a n d w a s m a j o r p a r t in t h e p r o g r a m m e . being well t r e a t e d , a n d t h a t a deT h e following e i g h t points sum t a c h m e n t of r e g u l a r t r o o p s would be s e n t out, guided by a n ex- up t h e f u n d a m e n t a l principles of t h e N e w Life M o v e m e n t : (1) C o m m u n i s t , t o rescue t h e p r i e s t . T h e k i d n a p p i n g a n d m u r d e r of Consider t h e p a s t a s dead, the F a t h e r A n s e l m o b r i n g s to 29 t h e p r e s e n t a s l i v i n g ; root out all old total of missionaries in K i a n g s i a b u s e s a n d build u p a new nation; P r o v i n c e alone who h a v e been vic- (2) Accept t h i s g r a v e responsibit i m s of C o m m u n i s t s d u r i n g t h e lity a n d m a k e t h e n a t i o n live once l a s t t e n y e a r s . Of t h e s e 29, six a g a i n ; (3) Obey t h e law and hold were p u t t o d e a t h . F r o m Kianfu, on t o f a i t h , h o n e s t y a n d m o d e s t y ; F a t h e r Anselmo's Vicariate, 13 (4) A d o p t simple s t a n d a r d s in t h e missionaries h a v e been c a p t u r e d food you e a t a n d in t h e clothes you w e a r ; in society a l w a y s act as and f o u r killed. one well b r e d ; (5) F a c e t h e battle T h e missions of K ia ngsi a r e of life w i t h c o u r a g e a n d moderastaffed b y t h e Italian, F r e n c h a n d t i o n ; (6) A s citizens s t r i v e after A m e r i c a n Vfncentians. T h e I r i s h a p r o p e r culture a n d m o r a l integMissionaries of St. Columban also r i t y ; (7) Be b r a v e a n d ready in began w o r k h e r e in 1932. ( F i d e s ) y o u r decisions; (8) B e loyal always . In his t r a v e l s a b o u t China to 120 A L T A R S TO B E ERECTED p r o m o t e t h e m o v e m e n t , General IN PUBLIC AUDITORIUM FOR C h i a n g Kai-Shek h a s a l w a y s made a point of soliciting t h e co-operaEUCHARISTIC CONGRESS tion of missionaries. During a r e c e n t visit to C h u n g k i n g , Szechw a n , h e called a m e e t i n g of all the m i s s i o n a r i e s of t h e city, Catholic Cleveland, Ohio.—Plans a r e goi n g f o r w a r d for a project w i t h o u t a n d P r o t e s t a n t , a n d a s k e d t h e m to " T o succeed in my precedent in t h i s country.—the help him, erection of a l t a r s in a public a u d i - w o r k , " h e said, " I m u s t be helped t o r i u m t o p e r m i t t h e celebration of b y missions and m i s s i o n a r i e s ; in some 120 M a s s e s a t t h e s a m e t i m e fact, only C h r i s t i a n t e a c h i n g can d u r i n g t h e S e v e n t h N a t i o n a l E u - b e of effective help in realizing my c h a r i s t i c Congress which will b e plan of recovery because it alone held h e r e from S e p t e m b e r 2 3 t o c o n t a i n s a n d can c o m m u n i c a t e the 26. E a c h a l t a r will r e p r e s e n t a m o r a l force needed t o b r i n g about diocese of t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d t h e desired r e f o r m a t i o n in the i t s possessions. T h e m a i n a l t a r s p i r i t of t h e people a n d t o p u t life (Fides). will b e a copy of t h e a l t a r in St. into poor c o u n t r y m e n . "

P e t e r ' s Basilica in Rome. Thus t h e a u d i t o r i u m , capable of accomm o d a t i n g 25,000 persons, will become f o r a t i m e , an open-air Cat h e d r a l , w h e r e for t h r e e d a y s t h e Blessed S a c r a m e n t will b e exposed in t h e v e r y h e a r t of t h i s v a s t ind u s t r i a l city. ( L u m e n N.C.W.C.)

Stockists:— R. K U T B U D E E N BROS., 79, A h Quee Street, Penang.

tt Ks* ty«n wid rfut Scanty

( T h e Catholic S t o r e ) . BOOKS FOR LENT

PROVE

SUCCESSFUL Vatican City.—The s t u d y on "Electro-Acoustic Analyses of S p e e c h " j u s t published by t h e Rev. A u g u s t i n e Gemelli, t h e Rector Magnificus of t h e Catholic U n i v e r s i t y of Milan, h a s called f o r t h t h e fullest a p p r o v a l of scientific m e n . T h e learned Franciscan has been i n t e r v i e w e d b y t h e Intercine Review, t h e official o r g a n of t h e International Institute for Educat i v e C i n e m a t o g r a p h y w h i c h is. in turn, t h e a g e n t of t h e L e a g u e of N a t i o n s i n t h e field of c i n e m a t o graphy. H e e x p r e s s e d h i s ideas c o n c e r n i n g t h e p r o b l e m s of t h e sound films a n d c i n e m a t o g r a p h y in g e n e r a l . "By w a y of i n t r o d u c t i o n , " F a t h e r Gemelli said, " I m u s t m e n t i o n t h a t a t t h e first exhibition of sound films I p u b l i s h e d a n article in t h e Journal de Psychologie in w h i c h I affirmed t h a t t h e t a l k i n g film would n o t p r o v e a success. I w a s q u i t e m i s t a k e n . I t seemed t o m e t h a t t h e c l u m s y a n d forced r e -

P E T E R CHONG & CO.,

F a t h e r Gallagher, R e d e m p t o r i s t Missionary from Manila, is in Singapore, p r e p a r i n g to begin h i s round of Missions throughout Malaya in A u g u s t . H e a d d r e s s e d t h e Sodality m e m b e r s of S t . J o s e p h ' s I n s t i t u t i o n l a s t S u n d a y on " T h e P r e s e n c e of God." H e is certainly a m o s t effective and a t t r a c tive p r e a c h e r a n d is b o u n d t o prove v e r y popular a n d successful.

HOSPITAL SISTERS OF FRANCIS I N CHINA.

ST.

150,000 Cases H a n d l e d Annually. Tsinanfu, (Shantung, China).— T h e Hospital S i s t e r s of S t . F r a n cis, from Springfield, Illinois, who took o v e r S t . J o s e p h ' s Hospital, Tsinanfu, t e n y e a r s ago, a t t e n d to m o r e t h a n 150,000 cases annually in t h e hospital a n d a t t h e i r disp e n s a r i e s in four s u b u r b a n towns. T w o doctors, one G e r m a n and the o t h e r Chinese, a r e a t t a c h e d t o the hospital. Since t h e Hospital S i s t e r s of St. F r a n c i s took u p w o r k in Tsinanfu, e i g h t Chinese S i s t e r s h a v e been received i n t o t h e i r c o m m u n i t y ; five C h i n e s e candidates a r e preparing t o join. T h e r e a r e 12 American Sisters.—(Fides)


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC LEADER, S A T U R D A Y ,

DEATH OF REVEREND MOTHER ST. EMILE. It is w i t h d e e p r e g r e t t h a t we record t h e d e a t h of R e v e r e n d Mother St. Emile , f o r m e r S u p e r i o r of The Convent, S e r e m b a n . The late R e v e r e n d M o t h e r was born in F r a n c e in 1874 a n d a f t e r joining t h e S i s t e r s of t h e Holy Infant J e s u s , a t t h e i r M o t h e r - H o u s e in P a r i s , w o r k e d for s e v e r a l y e a r s in F r a n c e and S p a i n . H e r a r d e n t zeal, for t h e s p r e a d of t h e Kingdom of God, i n s p i r e d h e r t o volunteer for mission work, and in 1923 she a r r i v e d in M a l a y a . S h e w a s at first a t t a c h e d t o T h e Convent, Kuala L u m p u r a n d in 1924 w a s named S u p e r i o r of T h e Convent, Seremban. H e r e , h e r g r e a t c h a r i l y and kindness of h e a r t endeared her to one a n d all. T h e poor and distressed a l w a y s found in h e r tHe reh'ef and consolation t h e y needed While s h e w a s S u p e r i o r h e r zeal and activity s h o w e d t h e m s e l v e s in t h e much needed e x t e n s i o n s m a d e tc t h e S e r e m b a n C o n v e n t : a special wing, added t o t h e e x i s t i n g orphanage, a beautiful h o u s e for poor babies, a n d a spacious block of classes, w e r e successively u n d e r her able direction. In t h e b e g i n n i n g of 1934 h e r health g a v e w a y , a n d seeing t h a t

j I I |

h e r illness was serious, it w a s proposed t h a t she should r e t u r n t o E u r o p e , hoping t h a t a cooler clime m i g h t prove beneficial; b u t t h e good Religious expressed t h e desire t o die on t h e Mission-field s h e ioved so well, and for which she had made t h e sacrifice of home and country. In October s h e came t o Singapore where medical skill did much t o prolong h e r life; b u t evidently it w a s not p a r t of God's plan for t h e energetic a n d devoted Missionary t h a t she should recover. On t h e m o r n i n g of Sunday, 28th Jury, it was clear s h e w a s s i n k i n g fast. His Excellency, Bishop Devals, kindly came himself to a d m i n i s t e r t h e last S a c r a m e n t s , a n d a s t h e Reverend Mother w a s fully conscious a t t h e t i m e , s h e joined in t h e p r a y e r s w i t h h e r well-known spirit of piety a n d deep faith. T h e kind Reverend M o t h e r became unconscious a t a b o u t 4 o'clock, and passed a w a y peacefully a t 7.30 p.m. * a t T h e Convent, Singapore, surrounded b y t h e m e m b e r s of t h e c o m m u n i t y . R.I.P.

TO R E A D E R S : I t i s a p l e a s u r e t o a s k y o u r c o - o p e r a t i o n i n our e n d e a v o u r t o e l i m i n a t e m i s t a k e s t h a t m a y a r i s e r e g a r d i n g t h e delivery of y o u r copy of " T h e Malaya Catholic Leader." 1. Did y o u g e t y o u r c o p y o f T h e M a l a y a Catholic L e a d e r ? 2. W a s t h e w r a p p e r i n t a c t ? 3 . Did y o u r a c q u a i n t a n c e s g e t t h e i r c o p y ? I n s p i t e of all o u r c a r e , e r r o r s w i l l c r e e p i n t o t h e a d d r e s s e s and w e w a n t y o u t o s e e t h a t a l l i s w e l l ; if n o t , p l e a s e l e t u s k n o w . W e w a n t t o b e o f s e r v i c e t o y o u a n d w a n t y o u t o h a v e n o difficulties oyer " T h e M a l a y a Catholic Leader." Please a l w a y s advise u s without delay when changing your address i n order t o e n s u r e g e t t i n g y o u r c o p y . If y o u h a v e f r i e n d s w h o w o u l d l i k e t o s e e a s p e c i m e n copy of T h e Malaya Catholic Leader, please send their address.

THE

GLORIES

OF THE WEST. By

P. J. R. IYER The m o m e n t y o u m o v e w e s t w a r d b e yond P o r t S a i d a n i n v i g o r a t i n g d u l l n e s s pervades i n a n d a r o u n d y o u , y o u f e e l that a new and vigorous life is infused into y o u , and y o u b e g i n t o w o n d e r t h a t when y o u are s o m u c h affected i n a n instant, w h a t w o u l d b e t h e effect o n those born a n d l i v i n g i n t h i s w o n d e r f u l l y bracing c l i m a t e . W h i l e y o u a r e i n t h i s state of w o n d e r m e n t y o u r e y e s fall on the majestic s t a t u e above the sea, of Ferdinand de L e s s e p s , w h i c h s e e m s t o invite s t e a m e r s t o t h e S u e z C a n a l — t h e worlds most important waterway— which t h e f a m o u s E n g i n e e r i n g e n i o u s l y brought i n t o b e i n g , a n d w h i c h t e l l s y o u t h e m a r v e l l o u s effect o f t h i s c l i m a t e on human b e i n g s a s L e s s e p s , a n d y o u n o more w o n d e r . A s y o u p r o c e e d a c r o s s t h e Mediterra nea n, y o u n o t i c e w i t h a d m i r a tion t h a t e v e r y a p p r o a c h a b l e s p o t on islands o r m a i n l a n d h a s b e e n p e r f e c t e d . You c a n n o t s e e a n y w a s t e land in E u rope. The w e s t e r n e r s a r e m a s t e r s of N a t u r e and t h e E e m e n t s . T h e m o r e a p l a c e offers difficulties f o r i m p r o v e m e n t , t h e better i t i s m a d e t o b e c o m e . I n s t a n c e s are l e g i o n . T o m e n t i o n o n e o r t w o : — T r i e s t e i s on a v e r y u n e v e n s p o t , a n d a spot like t h a t in the E a s t would have been an u n i n h a b i t e d a n d dangerous waste. W h e r e a s t h i s m a r v e l l o u s c i t y i s one o f t h e m o s t t h r i v i n g p o r t s of I t a l y , day and n i e h t . a n d a f e a s t t o t h e e y e s b y night. T h e s h a l l o w l a e o o n w h e r e o n t h e world-famous a n d t i m e - h o n o u r e d V e n i c e gracefully stands, would h a v e been outRide E u r o p e , p a r t l y c o v e r e d b y w a t e r and n a r t l y b y a q u a t i c v e g e t a t i o n and probably a s e t t l e m e n t o f p i r a t e s . B u t on this difficult s n o t t h e h i s t o r i c "Queen of the Adriatic S e a " h a s been drawing the w h o l e w o r l d t o i t . 7

Take any a r t or science. Though it m a y n o t p e r h a p s b e s a i d t h a t all t h e a r t s and s c i e n c e s h a d t h e i r o r i g i n in

Europe, it has to be certainly admitted t h a t t h e y a r e all w e l l n u r s e d a n d p e r fected there. You are not only conv i n c e d of t h i s w h e n y o u g o t o t h e v a r i o u s universities, institutions, museums, pict u r e g a l l e r i e s , public b u i l d i n g s , e t c . in a n y c i t y i n E u r o p e , b u t also y o u a r e l o s t i n a d m i r a t i o n , w o n d e r and a m a z e m e n t , j W h e n y o u h a v e s e e n all t h e s e , y o u g r a n t j w i t h no g r u d g e t h a t t h i s p o r t i o n of m a n k i n d i s d e c i d e d l y o f a s u p e r i o r stuff. A s t u d e n t of h i s t o r y l o s e s h i m s e l f i n R o m e — t h e E t e r n a l City, a c o m m e r c i a l t r a v e l l e r l o s e s h i s w a y in t h e b u s y s t r e e t s of L o n d o n — t h e h e a r t o f t h e world's c o m m e r c e , a t o w n p l a n n e r i s l o s t in admiration in Paris, a university man i s absorbed i n c o n t e m p l a t i o n i n O x f o r d o r L o u v a i n and a l o v e r of N a t u r e i s l o s t in admiration in the bewitching lake of Lucerne. Y o u n e v e r c o m e across w i t h idle o n lookers. Turn where you will, you s e e p e o p l e m o v i n g in g r e a t h u r r y a s i f t h e y v a l u e time more than money. Every o n e in a n y s t a t e of l i f e d o e s c h e e r f u l l y w h a t h e h a s t o do, and e n j o y s h i s w e l l earned r e s t from the toils of t h e day. T h e c o n v i c t i o n t h a t m a n is m a d e t o w o r k and be happy, seems to reign supreme everywhere. N o indignity is attached t o any trade, profession or business. Labour is respected. T h e b o u n d l e s s C i t y of L o n d o n defies you to imagine how its eight millions a n d odd a r e d a i l y f e d and c a r r i e d a b o u t f o r their various avocations b y conveyances above or under the ground—the tube is a marvel. Paris comes next. N o o n e c a n f a i l t o be i m n r e s s e d b y t h e splendour a n d b e a u t y o f P a r i s , t h e m a r v e l l o u s i m m e n s i t y of L o n d o n , t h e a m a z i n e i n d u s t r v of t h e B e l g i a n s . N a t u r e in h e r g r a n d e u r in S w i t z e r l a n d a n d t h e g l o r i e s of t h e dead p a s t o f R o m e .

3rd A U G U S T , 1935.

Book Review DOGMA. " C h r i s t i a n i t y is C h r i s t / ' By C. C. Martindale, S.J. (Sheed & W a r d , pp. 310, 5s.) " W e preach C h r i s t crucified, u n t o t h e J e w s indeed a stumbling block and unto t h e Gentiles foolishn e s s , " said St. P a u l (1 Cor. 1, x x i i i ) , and t h e f u n d a m e n t a l point is t h a t we do p r e a c h Christ in C h r i s t i a n i t y . T h i s t r u t h goes t o t h e v e r y roots of Catholic teaching. Submission to t h e W a y , t h e T r u t h a n d t h e Life is by w a y of crucifixion. W i t h C h r i s t , a g a i n in t h e words of St. P a u l , w e a r e crucified t o t h e Cross—His w a y , His t r u t h a n d His life m u s t be a crucifixion t o all a n d it is j u s t h e r e t h a t m a n y " p u t t h e i r h a n d t o t h e plough arid look b a c k " ( L u k e xi, 6 2 ) . Those w h o a r e not of t h e fold follow in H i s p a t h , in m a n y cases, a s long a s t h e way pleases t h e m ; t h e y fellow H i s t r u t h , a g a i n , a s long a s t h i s t r u t h goes n o t a g a i n s t t h e i r idiocyncrasies; t h e y live His life a s long a s t h a t life does not in a n y w a y m e a n d e a t h t o self. In o t h e r w o r d s , so m a n y a r e worshipping self in mind a n d in h e a r t while a t t h e s a m e t i m e , professing t o be followers of t h e M a s t e r . L i t t l e w o r r y if t h i s concerned only t h o s e outside t h e fold! W i t h P e t r i n e i m p e t u o s i t y , * resolution is m a d e t o "follow T h e e w h i t h e r s o ever Thou g o e s t , " b u t h u m a n n a t u r e , not i n f r e q u e n t l y , fails, and a p a t h of one's own choosing is selected. H o w s t r a n g e t h e r e m a r k to t h e effect t h a t " w e o u g h t t o r e t u r n t o C h r i s t i a n i t y a s preached by C h r i s t . " A p u r e C h r i s t i a n i t y is s o u g h t out. T h e S e r m o n on t h e M o u n t is set u p a s t h e s t a n d a r d of living—when t h e principles t h e r e in enunciated a r e n o t a g a i n s t t h e grain. B u t H e w h o said "Love your e n e m i e s " also said " T h o u shalt nojt c o m m i t a d u l t e r y . " A p u r e r form of C h r i s t i a n i t y i n d e e d ! Many who a r e proclaiming on t h e housetops t h a t t h e y desire a r e t u r n t o t h e t e a c h i n g of C h r i s t in all it$ simplicity set aside t h e daily acceptance of t h e cross—a condition laid down as essential for discipleship. Does not C h r i s t i a n i t y p r e a c h w h a t C h r i s t p r e a c h e d ? Catholic C h r i s t i a n i t y undoubtedly does so. If we, as Catholics confine ourselves t o t h e b a r e fulfilling of t h e l e t t e r of t h e law, if we g e t £b H e a v e n b y s queezing in somehow, we can h a r d l y call ourselves C h r i s t i a n s . Catholic C h r i s t i a n i t y insists upon t h e o b s e r v a n c e of C h r i s t ' s principles; t h e C h u r c h never did t h i n k t h a t t h e s a v i n g of one's soul w a s a n easy m a t t e r . She intends, a s C h r i s t did, t h a t life should b e a continuous d e a t h t o self. H i s way, H i s t r u t h , H i s life imply losing one's life so a s t o save it. Too m a n y refuse, in t h e i r foolish pride, t o die intellectually. W e all r e m e m b e r t h e d e a r old dog in t h e fable. H e stood on t h e bridge and c o n t e m p l a t e d t h e bone reflected in t h e w a t e r and dropped t h e reality of h i s own choice, t o find himself b i t t e r l y disappointed. T h i s is b e i n g d o n e all t h e world over b y r e a s o n i n g c r e a t u r e s . H o w ever, in t h e s e d a y s m a n y a r e clinging t o t h e b o n e of p r e s e n t reality, so t h e y t h i n k , a n d in t h e i r agnostic p r i d e a r e t u r n i n g a w a y

f r o m d r e a m s a n d fancies, a s t h e y ^escribe t h e m . All t h i s t h e w r i t e r of t h e s e sermons has made unmistakably clear. Once more, t h e w o r d s of t h e p r o p h e t a r e fulfilled t o t h e l e t t e r — " M y people have done t w o evil t h i n g s : t h e y have left Me t h e f o u n t a i n of w a t e r and h a v e built t o t h e m s e l v e s cisterns t h a t hold not w a t e r " ( J r . ii, 12). " B e a s tonished, O ye h e a v e n s , " s a y s t h e p r o p h e t . I t would seem t h a t life, w i t h so m a n y , is a continuous comp r o m i s e . A n d yet t h e r e can be n o compromise w i t h C h r i s t t h e King. " I , if I be lifted UD, will d r a w all t h i n g s t o Myself" (John xii, 3 2 ) . T h i s h a s happily been fulfilled in t h e lives of countless t h o u s a n d s b e c a u s e C h r i s t i a n i t y is C h r i s t and h a s proved itself t o b e no one else. We cannot recommend too s t r o n g l y t h e above series of s e r m o n s which go down r i g h t t o t h e r o o t of t h i n g s a n d leave n o s t o n e u n t u r n e d t o prove conclusively t h a t C h r i s t offers C h r i s t i a n s t h r e e t h i n g s : reality, suffering a n d serv i c e ; r e a l i t y and not s h a d o w s , suffering a s p a r t and parcel of life on e a r t h , a n d service w i t h n o r e s e r v e s , w i t h no compromises. N o question h e r e of ideals t h a t c a n n o t be r e a l i ^ d : "My g r a c e is sufficient for t h e e , for power is m a d e perfect in infirmity" (2 Cor. xii, 9 ) . God would not be God w e r e H e t o demand t h e impossible of frail h u m a n n a t u r e . R. T. A. Be quick t o practise t h e perfection you p r e a c h t o o t h e r s , r e m e m b e r i n g t h a t t h e best lesson i s t a u g h t by deeds, not b y w o r d s . H o w often i t is t r u e t h a t t h e y w h o h a v e v a s t s t o r e s of v i r t u e on t h e t o n g u e h a v e little in t h e h e a r t ! * * * * While goodness and g r e a t n e s s m a y *be, a n d a t t i m e s a r e , r o u n d t o g e t h e r , too often is i t t r u e t h a t v i r t u e is sacrificed for s o m e m a t e rial a d v a n c e m e n t . Men of t h e world, w i t h a shallow appreciation of m o r a l w o r t h , c a t e r t o t h e acknowledged leaders in social, commercial and political life, forgetful of t h e old s a y i n g t h a t a l t h o u g h i t is good t o b e g r e a t , it is g r e a t t o b e good. St. J o h n C h r y s o s t o m .

A SYMBOL If is difficult to express the reverent Jove w e feel fof those w h o are gone. A funeral here and a Symbol of remembrance aid and comfort the bereaved.

SINGAPORE CASKET C O PENHAS ROAD. SINGAPORE.


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 3rd AUGUST, 1935.

Woman's I S

I T

Page

L O A D E D ?

"Every child needs milk

N i n e of e v e r y t e n people a r e O u r n e i g h b o u r is sacred. He intensely i n t e r e s t e d i n t h e i r n e i g h - belongs t o God. W e m u s t n o t b o u r — i n h i s c o m i n g s a n d g o i n g s , d a r e t o j u d g e , a s j u d g m e n t belongs h i s f o r t u n e , h i s failure. B i r t h s , t o God. W e t a l k of t h e f a u l t s of d e a t h s a n d m a r r i a g e s will a l w a y s o t h e r s a n d condemn t h e m . W h a t be n e w , a l w a y s s e r v e a s a n infer- do w e know a b o u t t h e m ? H o w e s t i n g s u b j e c t f o r c o n v e n s a t i o n s . often h a v e w e been misjudged, W e a r e all m e m b e r s of o n e h a v e o u r actions been m i s u n d e r f a m i l y T a h d i t is q u i t e n a t u r a T t h ~ a t ~ ^ s t o o d i — H o w — g r i e v e d w e were, we s h o u l d h a v e t h i s i n t e r e s t , t h i s h o w disappointed w i t h t h o s e w h o c u r i o s i t y a b o u t o t h e r s . T h e d a n - m a d e t h e m s e l v e s our j u d g e s . L e t ger comes when we probe too far, us then spare o u r neighbour what w h e n w e dissect o u r n e i g h b o u r ' s w e h a v e suffered t h r o u g h gossip, his case, a n d b e ever, 'Swift t o h e a r , b u t character, diagnose p r e s c r i b e h i s c u r e , p r e d i c t h i s slow t o s p e a k / Swift t o h e a r t h e downfall. We flatter o u r s e l v e s small voice of conscience, t h e HOUSEHOLD HINTS. t h a t w e u n d e r s t a n d t h i s n e i g h o u r i n s p i r a t i o n s of t h e Holy Ghost, — w e k n o w w h a t h e t h i n k s , w h y t h e voice of d u t y , t h e appeal for HOUSE CLEANING. h e a c t s a s h e does, h i s m o t i v e s a r e h e l p , b o t h sides of a s t o r y , a n d q u i t e c l e a r t o u s , - a n d only t o o t h e n w e shall find s c a n t t i m e t o T o wash up after a meal.—1. often w e a s c r i b e a n y t h i n g b u t t h e load o u r g u n s w i t h o u r n e i g h b e s t m o t i v e s t o h i m . P o o r fools b o u r s ' faults. *Slow t o s p e a k is H a v e plenty of w a r m w a t e r . 2. that we a r e ! n o t t h e usual c h a r a c t e r i s t i c of A place to drain t h e china. 3 . We c a n n o t even u n d e r s t a n d o u r - y o u t h , except w h e n t h e y a r e Clean d r y t e a cloths. Collect t h e k n i v e s and place t h e m blades selves, w e c a n n o t d i a g n o s e o u r d o w n w a r d s in a j u g of w a r m w a t e r own case, c a n n o t cure ourselves. MY B E A D S a n d t h e n scrape t h e dishes a n d We sail o n t h e s e a of life s e e i n g p l a t e s and e m p t y a w a y all liquid n o f a u l t i n o u r s e l v e s , b u t onlv t h e Sweet, blessed beads! I would not part such as tea or water. Then wash f a u l t s of t h i s n e i g h b o u r , w h o is gem \ With one of you for richest well, leaving t h e m o r e g r e a s y t o u s a s a n open book c o n t a i n i n g That fleams in kingly diadem; t h i n g s t o t h e last a n d c h a n g i n g a s t o r y in simplest w o r d s t h a t t h e w a t e r a s it g e t s d i r t y . Be s u r e of my heart. Ye know the history p r e s e n t n o difficulty t o u s . Blindt o w a s h each plate or dish on b o t h grief Tor I have told you every ed b y self-love, w e find good sides, and w h e n e a c h is w a s h e d years, In the days of twenty motives f o r e v e r y t h i n g w e do, a n d place it to d r a i n a n d d r y well. I have moistened you with\ And indifferent, o r e v e n b a d m o t i v e s , Spoons a n d forks should be w a s h e d tears, \ for w h a t o u r n e i g h b o u r does. I t s e p a r a t e l y a n d a n y fishy t h i n g s And in your decades found relief. is o a l y w h e n t h e g o o d God, in H i s s h o u l d always h a v e w a t e r t o t h e m Mercy, holds u p before o u r eyes Ah! time has fled and friends havej selves. T h e knives should be dried t h e m i r r o r of H i s sufferings, H i s failed, i a n d cleaned a n d e v e r y t h i n g b e p u t H u m i l i t y , t h a t w e begin t o realize And joys have died; but in my < away. T h e n t h e sink should b e w h a t poor c r e a t u r e s we a r e , a n d needs J cleaned out, t h e refuse b u r n e d a n d t h a t possibly o u r n e i g h b o u r is n o Ye are my friends, my blessed^ t h e cloths well scalded a n d h u n g t o worse t h a n o u r s e l v e s ; h e m a y b e bead*! < d r y . T h e k i t c h e n is of necessity a (we n e v e r even t h o u g h t of i t And ye consoled me when I waihd. * w a r m room, nevertheless a i r m u s t before) b e t t e r . b e freely admitted, particularly if For many and many a time in grief, I t is C h r i s t i a n c h a r i t y t o b e a n y food h a s t o b e s t o r e d in it. My weary fingers wandered round i i n t e r e s t e d in o u r n e i g h b o u r . I t is The larder or storeroom m u s t be The circled chain, and always < a sin against charity:Jo r a s h - j u d g e a l w a y s well ventilated. I t i s a found< him, t o place h i m b e f o r e t h e good plan t o cover t h e window In some "Hail Mary" sweet relief. t r i b u n a l of o u r o w n p u n y m i n d s w i t h fine wire n e t t i n g o r zinc a n d s e n t e n c e h i m ; i t is w o r s e still How many a story you might tell g a u z e and leave i t a l w a y s open. to condemn h i m t o others. W e unknown; Of inner life, to all A n y vermin such a s mice o r cockdo N O T k n o w o u r n e i g h b o u r . you and you alone, J trusted r o a c h e s should b e e x t e r m i n a t e d , But ah! ye keep my secrets well. T h e r e i s gossip A N D gossip. a n d i n t h e s u m m e r food m u s t b e Ye are the only chain I wear— Some g o s s i p is perfectly h a r m l e s s , m o s t carefully p r o t e c t e d from A sign that I am but a slave, as h a r m l e s s a s a n unloaded g u n — flies. It is a good p l a n t o use a the grave, \ In life, in death, beyond it clicks, b u t n o t h i n g h a p p e n s , l i t t l e sanitas, which i s a g r e a t disOf Jesus and His mother fair. nobody is h u r t . T h e r e i s malicious infectant, in s c r u b b i n g down t h e shelves of t h e p a n t r y . g o s s i p — O h , d e a r ! T h e t o n g u e is a troublesome member w h i c h indulging in t h e expensive l u x u r y T h e best w a y t o g e t r i d of cockWe must be m u s t b e k e p t well bridled o r i t of a fit of s u l k s . r o a c h e s o r beetles is t o sprinkle wfll run a w a y w i t h us, bolt d o w n slow t o speak of a n y t h i n g which t h e walls and floors w i t h powdered tho hill, a n d c r a s h u s a t t h e would b e t o t h e d i s a d v a n t a g e of b o r a x . bottom! Venial sins a g a i n s t o u r neighbour, of u n k i n d r e p o r t s Flies can b e t r a p p e d on flypaper, c h a r i t y lead very quickly downhill. o r scandals. T h i s i s . n o t always a n d a bunch of cloves h u n g i n t h e " H e t h a t c o n t e m m e t h s m a l l t h i n g s easy, f o r t h e knowledge of a l a r d e r wiH k e e p t h e m off. Neverfalls l i t t l e b y little.^ O n e of o u r s e c r e t gives u s a c e r t a i n import- t h e l e s s , it is well t o cover milk g r e a t S a i n t s ( I t h i n k S t . F r a n c i s a n c e in our o w n eyes a n d m a k e s w i t h muslin a n d m e a t with muslin u s long t o disclose i t . de Sales) used t o s a y : w h i c h h a s a f e w d r o p s of v i n e g a r I s it loaded w i t h kind w o r d s ? " O u r devotions t o o o f t e n r e s e m - If t h i s is impossible let u s look for \ sprinkled on i t . A large muslin ble a p o t of honey, w i t h a buzz of o u r n e i g h b o u r ' s good qualities and b a g , into which dish, m e a t a n d all venial sins, like clouds of flies, s h u t o u r eyes t o w h a t a p p e a r s to will fit, m a k e s a m o s t useful a n d economical safe. h o v e r i n g a r o u n d a n d u t t e r l y defil- b e his failings. W e c a n never I n a larder always keep t h e difing it. know t h e t r i a l s and inward I f e r e n t classes of goods s e p a r a t e t o Daily M a s s a n d daily g o s s i p : s t r u g g l e s of o u r n e i g h b o u r . H e themselves a n d not mixed u p ; a n d R o s a r i e s a n d t h e spirit of p e r s o n a l m a y b e fighting d i v e r s t e m p - soap, candles etc., should be k e p t c r i t i c i s m ; e n o r m o u s w a s t e of t i m e t a t i o n s , while w e s t a n d b y a n d Vegeand a predilection for B e n e d i c t i o n ; p a s s j u d g m e n t . Silence is a s t r o n g f a r a p a r t from t h e food. a t a s t e f o r v e s p e r s a n d a t a s t e for f o r t r e s s in combat, a n d a sure t a b l e s always need a cool place, dress and l u x u r y ; a s n a p p i s h pledge of victory, while talkative- a n d if possible a wire vegetable rack. t e m p e r a n d a love f o r s e r m o n s . n e s s is t h e m o t h e r of sloth, t h e With all this w e n e i t h e r evangelize door of slander, t h e m i n i s t e r of t h o s e w h o receive m u c h , much is ourselves nor own n e i g h b o u r s falsehood a n d t h e d e s t r o y e r of expected. H o w sad t o t h i n k t h a t a f t e r f e r v e n t devotion. W i t h which of T h e malicious gossiper loads h i s a s s i s t i n g a t H o l y M a s s , a f t e r , t h e s e is I t l o a d e d ? g u n , and m a n y a m a n , m a n y a perhaps, partaking of t h e D i v i n e E a c h one's life belongs t o him- woman, is s h o t in t h e back a n d Bread of Love, w e c a n let o u r self—and God. God gives g r a c e a s mortally w o u n d e d ; t h e y know n o t tongues become vipers. H e wills, w h e r e H e wills. To t h e i r m u r d e r e r .

every day."

MILKMAID MILK

:

r

RECIPES BREAD

PUDDING.

Cut o n e p o u n d o f s t a l e bread into s m a l l p i e c e s . S o a k u n t i l s o f t i n cold w a t e r , p r e s s off w a t e r , a n d b e a t u p w i t h a f o r k . W a s h a n d d r y quarter-pound of currants. B r e a k a n e g g in a basin, beat up, and add t o the bread with the C u r r a n t s a l i t t l e s p i c e , q u a r t e r pound s u g a r , t w o o u n c e s o f s u e t , a n d salt. M i x w e l l . I f l i k e d , h a l f - p i n t milk m a y be u s e d . T u r n i n t o a w e l l g r e a s e d tin o r d i s h a n d b a k e f o r o n e h o u r or s t e a m i n a g r e a s e d b a s i n f o r o n e hour and a half. TREACLE

PUDDING.

T a k e t h r e e - q u a r t e r s p o u n d of flour, one teaspoonful of baking powder, g r a t e d g i n g e r , a t a b l e s p o o n f u l of. s u g a r , q u a r t e r - p o u n d o f s u e t finely chopped, p u t i n t o a b o w l a n d m i x . M a x e a hallow i n t h e m i d d l e , p o u r i n half-pound o f t r e a c l e a n d a b o u t q u a r t e r - p i n t of milk, s t i r i t q u i c k l y w i t h a w o o d e n s p o o n until w e l l m i x e d . P u t i n t o a g r e a s e d mould o r b a s i n , c o v e r w i t h g r e a s e d paper a n d put into a s a u c e p a n of boiling water, t a k i n g c a r e t h a t t h e w a t e r d o e s n o t come w i t h i n a n i n c h o f t h e t o p o f t h e mould. S t e a m t h e p u d d i n g f o r t w o h o u r s and a half. TO V A R Y

B R E A D OR CUSTARD PUDDINGS.

H a v e s e m e s l i c e s o f b r e a d c u t thin and buttered; l a y t h e m in t h e dish singly; p o u r i n t h e c u s t a r d , a n d b a k e g e n t l y , or p l a c e i n a p a n , w i t h a l i t t l e w a t e r in i t . T h e s e m a y b e a l t e r e d b y introducing a n y one or more o f t h e following:— currants, raisins, French prunes, cherries, a n y kind o f j a m , stewed rhubarb, a p p l e , or a n y other fruit according t o fancy. W e l l - b o i l e d r i c e , m a c o r o n i , vermicelli etc., m a y be u s e d ; t h e custard always being poured over, and sifted sugar on the top. F o r custard, beat up two eggs, a d d t w o t a b l e s p o o n f u l s o f flour, a n d t h r e e - q u a r t e r s o f a p i n t o f milk.

ANOTHER

SOLUTION.

St. A u g u s t i n e p r e s e n t s another solution t o t h e h a r d s h i p s t h a t t h e yoke of C h r i s t entails. " A m a et fac quod v i s . " " L o v e a n d do what t h o u wilt," h e s a y s , going deeper still into h u m a n n a t u r e . And t h i s solution is b a s e d on very solid g r o u n d : on t h e s a m e words of J e s u s C h r i s t w h o s e m a i n commandm e n t w a s " L o v e t o w a r d s God a n d Love t o w a r d s o u r neighbour." I n t h i s w a y t h e t e n c o m m a n d m e n t s of God and t h e six c o m m a n d m e n t s of t h e C h u r c h will b e a n a t u r a l sequence flowing g e n t l y from t h i s source of L O V E a n d t h e i r fulfillm e n t will b e a s e a s y a n d a s natural a s love is t o t h e h e a r t . Men of good will h a v e chosen t h i s second solution a n d t h e y h a v e succeeded. T h e y r e g a r d J e s u s ' yoke a s t h e sweetest in t h e world. W h y s h a n ' t we?


9

RELIGIOUS SITUATION IN RUSSIA IMPROVES GODLESS M A G A Z I N E DISCONTINUED UNBIASED REPORT FROM MOSCOW Berlin.—Reports reaching here from a n u n i m p e a c h a b l e source in j Moscow s t a t e t h a t recently t h e special c o r n e r s devoted t o a n t i - j religious p r o p a g a n d a in t h e institutions t h e r e for t h e r e a r i n g of young i n f a n t s h a v e been abolished. This is i n t e r p r e t e d t o m e a n a slight t u r n f o r t h e b e t t e r in t h e I religious s i t u a t i o n in Soviet Russia, i It can now also b e confirmed that t h e r e is a t least s o m e t r u t h i n j the r e c e n t r e p o r t t h a t t h e Godless I magazine, Bezbojnik, h a s been d i s - j continued. T h e Godless organiza- ! tion published t w o different issues, I one a m o n t h l y a n d one a weekly. The publication of o n e of these, it seems, h a s been suspended, a n d i t j is U u e ' t h a t t h o editorial offices of j the p a p e r in Moscow h a v e been j closed. T h e publication of t h e r e m a i n i n g p a p e r , however, is being \ continued. Indicative of t h e prevailing t r e n d of m i n d is a r e c e n t publica-

tion by a Moscow daily of t h e picture showing His Eminence Michael Cardinal F a u l h a b e r , of G e r m a n y , blessing t h e airplane which w a s recently dedicated t o t h e missions there. T h e caption u n d e r n e a t h t h e picture explained it a s " a proof of t h e C h u r c h ' s m e a n s of hostile p r o p a g a n d a . " M a r s h a l Pilsudski's d e a t h afforded t h e Soviet Capital a r a r e o p p o r t u n i t y . t o witness t h e splendour of Catholic liturgy. A t t h e r e quest of t h e Polish E m b a s s y in Moscow, Bishop P i u s Eugene Neveu, Apostolic A d m i n i s t r a t o r of t h e Moscow Province, s a n g a P o n tificial Requiem Mass a t t h e Polish Catholic Church of SS. P e t e r and Paul in t h e presence of t h e e n t i r e T h e Russian diplomatic corps. a u t h o r i t i e s were n o t r e p r e s e n t e d . T h e R e v . Leopold B r a u n , a n A m e r i c a n priest in Moscow, w a s subdeacon. (N.C.W.C.)

NOTEWORTHY EVENTS IN j N U N FORMS GIRL GUIDE T H E SUANHWA VICARIATE. T R O O P IN U G A N D A . Suanhwafu, Charar.—About a t h o u s a n d p e r s o n s p a r t i c i p a t e d in a g r a n d procession of t h e Blessed S a c r a m e n t o n t h e g r o u n d s of t h e c o m m u n i t y of t h e Disciples of t h e Lord, n e a r h e r e . H u n d r e d s of C h r i s t i a n s f r o m t h e vicinity, also the s e m i n a r i s t s a n d s t u d e n t s of Catholic schools in S u a n h w a a n d about t w e n t y m e m b e r s of t h e clergy w e r e p r e s e n t . T h i s b e i n g the first t i m e t h e C o n g r e g a t i o n organized t h e Corpus Christi p r o cession on s u c h a l a r g e scale, a c o m m e m o r a t i v e booklet is b e i n g prepared w h i c h will contain, b e sides p h o t o g r a p h s , t e n o r m o r e articles o n t h e s u b j e c t of t h e E u charist. An 8-day R e t r e a t f o r t h e M a j o r S e m i n a r i s t s b e g a n J u n e 23. I t was p r e a c h e d b y F a t h e r J o h n N i u , General S e c r e t a r y of Catholic A c tion. S i x s e m i n a r i s t s w h o completed t h e i r s t u d i e s recently w e r e ordained t o t h e priesthood on J u n e 2 9 , 5 of t h e m f o r S u a n h w a , the 6 t h for t h e Apostolic P r e f e c t u r e of I t u h s i e n , S h a n t u n g . —(Lumen).

TWO

AFRICAN

PRINCESSES

JOIN.

New Y o r k .—Two African princesses, d a u g h t e r s of Dowdi Chwa, K i n g of U g a n d a , h a v e been invested a s Girl Scouts, o r Girl Guides, a s t h e o r g a n i s a t i o n is k n o w n in British Africa, according t o a r e p o r t which h a s come t o n a tional Girl Scout headquarters h e r e , f r o m Sister M. A n n a , a F r a n c i s c a n n u n w h o w a s formerly a B a l t i m o r e Girl Scout leader. T h e princesses a r e m e m b e r s of S i s t e r A n n a ' s t r o o p of 12 African girls " n e a r l y all betrothed t o n a t i v e s who w a n t t h e i r wives t o b e u p t o t h e t a s k of conducting a household a la Bulaya, or E u r o p e a n s t y l e . " she w r i t e s . S i s t e r Anna, f o r m e r l y of t h e convent of O u r Lady of S t . F r a n c i s in B a l t i m o r e , introduced t h e p r o g r a m m e on h e r arrival a t t h e Conv e n t of O u r Lady of P e a c e a t N k o k o n j e r u , Lugazi, U g a n d a . She h a d a l w a y s been a n e n t h u s i a s t in t h e m a t t e r of Girl Scouting, a n d found t h a t t h e B r i t i s h encouraged t h e p r o g r a m m e in t h e various schools. F o u r of S i s t e r A n n a ' s prirls a r e studying in t h e N o r m a l School, a n d four in t h e Hospital A N E W C A T H O L I C M E D I C A L T r a i n i n g School f o r N u r s e s , which co-operates with h e r in t e a c h i n g MISSION IN BORNEO. first-aid. She also g e t s help from t h e local school for wives in teachMiri, (Sarawak, B o r n e o ) . — A | i n g t h e a r t of cooking. (N.C.W.C.) Catholic medical mission h a s b e e n started a t K a n o w i t , 90 miles u p the R e j a n g River, S a r a w a k , b y t h e M A S S EDUCATION M O V E M E N T Mill Hill F a t h e r s a n d t h e F r a n c i s IN SHANGHAI. can S i s t e r s of S t . J o s e p h , of P a t ricroft, E n g l a n d . T h e R a j a h of Sarawak, H . H . S i r Charles V y n e r S h a n g h a i . — T h e instruction of Brooke, w h o h a s a l r e a d y given t h e , t h e illiterate classes of S h a n g h a i Sisters a v a c a n t b u n g a l o w a t K u - j h a s been undertaken by a Commitching for t h e i r medical work, h a s j t e e headed by W u T'ieh-ch'eng. promised t o c o n t r i b u t e t o t h e p r o - j M a y o r of Greater S h a n g h a i , and Posed hospital. • M r . P a n , Director of t h e B u r e a u The mission a t Kanowit w a s i of E d u c a t i o n . Competitive examifounded 50 y e a r s a g o by t h e late I n a t i o n s for positions a s i n s t r u c t o r s Msgr. E d m u n d Dunn, P r e f e c t | w e r e held a t the J e s u i t Unversity, Apostolic of S a r a w a k , when h e a d - j T h e A u r o r a . O u t of 900 apniihunting a m o n g t h e s a v a g e D y a k s j c a n t s , 200 proved successful and ^ a s still m o r e o r less common.— a r e being engaged a s t e a c h e r s . — (Fides) (Lumen-Fides.)

MEXICAN PERSECUTION CONTINUES 265 C H U R C H E S BESIDES C O N V E N T S A N D SEMINARIES CLOSED.

INDIAN CHRISTIANS SEEK SAFEGUARDS UNITED M E E T N G S T O iREVlEWCONSTITUTIONAL REFORMS

Baltimore.—A list of 265 Tranvancore.—Of t h e nearly c h u r c h e s and rectories t h a t h a v e 400,000,000 persons in I n d i a nearly been retired from w o r s h i p " two per cent a r e C h r i s t i a n s , half by decree of t h e P r e s i d e n t of Me- P r o t e s t a n t s and half Catholics. xico since N o v e m b e r 11, 1931, h a s T h e vast majority of t h e Indian j u s t been m a d e public b y t h e do- Christians live in t h e M a d r a s P r e c u m e n t a r y section of t h e Balti- sidency a n d in t h e N a t i v e S t a t e s m o r e Catholic Mexican B u r e a u of Travancore and Cochin. under t h e auspices of t h e B a l t i Now t h a t constitutional R e more Archdiocesan Confederation forms a r e due immediately, t h e for t h e Defence of Religious L i - Christian communities throughb e r t y in Mexico. out India a r e busily e n g a g e d in The list gives t h e n a m e of t h e considering w a y s a n d m e a n s of church, i t s location, and t h e d a t e s a f e g u a r d i n g t h e i r individual a n d of t h e official decree of its r e t i r e - corporative r i g h t s a s m e m b e r s of m e n t a s reported in t h e Diario Of- t h e C h r i s t i a n religion. ficial. I t contains t h e name? of There is a n organization known P r o t e s t a n t a s well a s Catholic edi- as t h e All-India Catholic L e a g u e , fices, a n d also lists convent a n d which w a t c h e s t h e i n t e r e s t s of s e m i n a r y properties. T h e p r o p e r - t h e Catholic religion in I n d i a a n d ties a r e located in t h e Federal Dis- of t h e civic r i g h t s of Catholic t r i c t a n d in various S t a t e s in dif- communities. T h e non-Catholic ferent p a r t s of Mexico. Indian C h r i s t i a n s also h a v e a n The s t a t e m e n t also announces organization, and t h e t w o g r o u p s t h a t t h i s year, u p t o March 14, a occasionally co-operate through total of 25 properties had been t h e i r delegates for t h e i r common confiscated from p r i v a t e individu- communal r i g h t s . als, u n d e r t h e supposition t h a t A joint representative assembly t h e y belonged t o t h e Church. of t h e Catholic a n d non-Catholic T h e s t a t e m e n t also s a v s t h a t E l Christians of T r a n v a n c o r e m e t t o Nacional candidly s t a t e d on S e p - g e t h e r a t Kozencherry u n d e r t h e t e m b e r 27, 1934, " t h a t t h e Gov- presidency of t h e illustrious cone r n m e n t h a d r e c e n t l y seized p r o - vert t o Catholicism, G e o r g e J o s e p h . Mr. Joseph, in h i s p r e s i d e n t i a l perties w o r t h no less t h a n $6,000,000." I t also s a y s t h a t " t h e Dia- address, spoke at l e n g t h on a few of rio Official a n n o u n c e s daily n e w t h e C h r i s t i a n s ' disabilities in India, properties seized." (N.C.W.C.) chiefly t h o s e r e l a t i n g t o t h e erection of churches a n d cemeteries. STERILIZATION CAUTION L a t e r resolutions w e r e u n a n i URGED BY PSYCHIATRIST. mously passed, p r a y i n g f o r t h e i m mediate repeal of legislation adNew York.—According to t h e versely affecting C h r i s t i a n interJ o u r n a l of t h e A m e r i c a n Medical ests in t h e State, a n d d e m a n d i n g a Association, D r . Charles R a n k i n , legitimate share of t h e civil a n d a p s y c h i a t r i s t , in a n address t o t h e military services of t h e s t a t e . M a n c h e s t e r a n d Salford b r a n c h of The Congress also r e q u e s t e d t h e t h e National Council of Women in i n s t a n t dissolution of t h e p r e s e n t England, urged t h e need of caution legislatures in t h e S t a t e on t h e before coming t o conclusions on ground t h a t t h e y w e r e n o t fully t h e sterilization of mental defec- r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of t h e chief sectives. citizens. tions of T r a n v a n c o r e T h e recent r e p o r t of t h e com—(N.C.W.C.) m i t t e e appointed h^v t h e B r i t i s h Government h a d recommended t h e PILGRIMAGES TO LOUGH legalisation of v o l u n t a r y steriliDERG. zation in persons suffering from CROWDS ATTEND A T ERIN'S h e r e d i t a r y f o r m s of mental disISLAND SHRINE. order o r defect or from grave h e r e d i t a r y f o r m s of psysical debility. Dublin.—The season of pilgriDr. R a n k i n doubted w h e t h e r t h e s e were scientific recommendations. mages t o Lough D e r g h a s opened Half t h e mental deficiency, he said, and will close on A u g u s t 15. As a rule, t h e r e a r e f e w e r pilw a s d u e not t o h e r e d i t a r y b u t t o e n v i r o n m e n t a l causes ,yet on t h e g r i m s in t h e first week of J u n e t h a n l a t t e r t h e c o m m i t t e e h a d little t o a t o t h e r times, b u t t h i s y e a r t h e say. I t a d m i t t e d t h e need f o r r e - Legion of Mary decided t o m a k e search into h e r e d i t a r y factors in its pilgrimage e a r l y . T w o h u n d m e n t a l and physical disability, h e red a n d t w e n t y L e g i o n n a i r e s a n d t h e i r friends a r r i v e d on t h e island, pointed out. He believed t h a t of no m e n t a l h a v i n g been joined en r o u t e b y disorder w a s t h e exact n a t u r e of pilgrims from Belfast a n d L i m e r t h e i n h e r i t a n c e known. All t h a t ick, m a k i n g an a g g r e g a t e of 500 w a s known, h e said, w a s t h a t in- people following t h e p e n i t e n t i a l h e r i t a n c e proceeded t h r o u g h m e n - exercises. This is a l a r g e n u m b e r for t h e resources of t h e small delian laws. " N o doubt h e r e d i t y w a s a fac- island, which is filled t o capacity t o r , " J o u r n a l ' s account goes on, with hostels and c o t t a g e s besides " b u t t h e question w a s as t o i t s t h e t w o c h u r c h e s . The 500 pilgrims including t h e a s s e s s m e n t compared with racial poisons, such as tuberculosis, Legionnaires w e r e succeeded b y syphilis and alcohol. Only a small a n o t h e r p a r t y of 300 a r r i v i n g t h e proportion of defectives had defi- day t h e former left. nitely certifiable p a r e n t s . H e also objected to sterilization on m o r a l 11TH E D I T I O N O F L E S MISgrounds, as it would, encourage irSIONS D E CHINE. responsibility in sex behaviour a n d P e k i n g . — T h e 11th edition of t h e p r o p a g a t i o n of venereal disLes Missions de Chine, w i t h comease."— (N.C.W.C.) plete s t a t i s t i c s a n d o t h e r useful ! r e s u m e of t h e latest available i n f o r m a t i o n on each of t h e 122 i statistics f o r each vicariate, p r e - ecclessiastical t e r r i t o r i e s in China, I fecture and independent mission is h a s j u s t been published b y t h e j given ,although t h e r e is n o t a I Chuan H s i n P r e s s , P e k i n g . I t is j general recapitulation of s t a t i s t i c s j a book of 800 p a g e s , in F r e n c h . A (Continued at foot of col. 3.) of China a s a w h o l e . — ( F i d e s )


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 3rd AUGUST, 1935. RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION f\»i free. Local and Aoroad:

12 Months ... $6.00 6 Months ... $3.00 3 Months ... $1.50 All correspondence and literary contributions should be addressed to The Managing Editor, Rei. R. Cardon, 7 3 , Bras Basah Road, Singapore.

Tel. 7376, Singapore.

JEalaga

Caikxxlic ^pesfter

Saturday, 3rd A u g u s t , 1935.

THE

FORCE

OF

m u s t e v e r a n d a n o n be b a c k e d u p b y t h e blessing a n d g r a c e of G o d . N o w , w e m a y readily g r a n t t h a t G o d ' s g r a c e is always for o u r good, a n d family u n i o n is a good, n e t o n l y f o r ourselves, b u t also for t h e w hole c o m m u n i t y . If, t h e n , t h e f a m i l y u n i t e in p r a y e r for u n i o n , t h e y c a n be s u r e of a favourable hearing. Besides, t h e f o r m a l r e - u n i o n of t h e m e m bers c f a f a m i l y in p r a y e r is in itself a p l e d g e and a n o u t w a r d exercise of u n i o n . W h e n we kneel t o g e t h e r before o u r F a t h e r , we renew from day to day our profession, r e m a i n i n g t o g e t h e r in h e a r t a n d love. r

FORTUNE

HINDERS

MALAYAN

FAITH — F A D S

EDUCATION — QUALITY

Fortune hinders Faith.

N o t h i n g proclaims the practical C a t h o l i c so m u c h as t h e s a l u t a r y h a b i t of p r a y e r . I n t e m p t a t i o n , i n e a c h s u r p r i s e of d a n g e r , . i n f e a r , a n g u i s h , o r grief p r a y e r is t h e o n l y r e m e d y t h a t b r i n g s relief a n d solace t o e a c h hapless soul. L i k e a c o n f i d i n g c h i l d r u n n i n g t o t h e p r o t e c t i n g a r m s of its m o t h e r , t h e s o u l t h a t is h a b i t u a t e d t o p r a y e r , will i n s t i n c t i v e l y t u r n t o G o d . Since O u r L o r d has r e p e a t e d l y p o i n t e d o u t the need for lifting u p o u r hearts in supplication to Heaven, to p r a y often and always m u s t necessarily a p p e a r t o us as t h e m o s t i m p o r t a n t p a r t of C h r i s t i a n life a n d discipline. P r a y e r f o r t h e C a t h o l i c is t h e a r m o u r of t h e s o u l w h i c h f r o m c o n s t a n t use is k e p t c l e a n a n d b r i g h t ; i t is t h e e v e r p r e s e n t shield against w h i c h t h e fiery d a r t s of enemies s t r i k e , b u t are powerless t o h a r m . I t is as n a tural for the good Catholic to p r a y as t o b r e a t h e , a n d p r a y e r will a l w a y s s p r i n g s p o n t a n e o u s l y t o l^is h e a r t a n d lips, w i t h e v e n t h e J f i r s t i n t i m a t i o n of d a n g e r . I f h e be v i c t o r i o u s o v e r t e m p t a t i o n ; if h e be successful i n o v e r c o m i n g a n i n c l i n a t i o n t o evil, if h e is t o a c c o m p l i s h a n y good w h a t s o e v e r , it is t r a c e a b l e always t o p r a y e r . W h e n p r a y e r ceases, t h e s p i r i t u a l life o f t h e C a t h o l i c ceases, a n d w h e n t h e s p i r i t u a l a n d p r a c t i c a l p a r t of t h e C a t h o l i c life is laid aside, all m e r i t - g a i n i n g w o r k s are likewise laid o r f o r gotten. Catholic life without p r a y e r a n d good w o r k s becomes w e a k e n e d a n d t h a t f a i t h w h i c h is n o t stimulated b y good works soon becomes a d e a d f a i t h . I t is m e a n t f o r us t o ask in o r d e r t h a t w e m a y receive, a n d it h o n l y t h r o u g h this m e a n s of h u m b l e , earnest a s k i n g i n p r a y e r t h a t G o d is pleased t o b e s t o w H i s g r a c e u p o n us a n d t o g u a r d t h a t t r e a s u r e of t h e t r u e F a i t h w h i c h i n H i s goodness H e has e n t r u s t e d t o us. T h e i n d e x of C a t h o l i c f a m i l y life is t h e p r a c t i c e of family prayer. W e m i g h t do well t o e n l a r g e u p o n this splendid h a b i t of t h e m e m b e r s of a f a m i l y u n i t i n g in prayer. T h e essence o f t h e C a t h o l i c f a m i l y is t h a t s p i r i t of u n i o n t h a t

I t m a y sometimes h a p p e n t h a t t h e h o u r s of w o r k in o u r m o d e r n life are so various t h a t t h e full m e e t i n g of t h e f a m i l y c a n n o t o f t e n t a k e place a t r e g u l a r t i m e s for p r a y e r . E v e n i n s u c h a case, t h e rest of t h e f a m i l y m i g h t join t o g e t h e r , b o t h for themselves a n d for t h e a b s e n t ones. B u t w h e t h e r such a c t u a l m e e t i n g s c a n t a k e place o r n o t , each m e m b e r will also b e failing i n his chief d u t y unless h e f r e q u e n t l y p r a y s f o r t h e rest, a n d f o r G o d ' s g u i d a n c e i n his o w n c o n d u c t t o w a r d s t h e m . H u s b a n d a n d wife, b y t h e v e r y s a c r a m e n t of m a r r i a g e , s o l e m n l y c o n t r a c t before G o d t o h e l p e a c h other t o a higher place in heaven a t a n y cost t o themselves. This aspect of t h e c o n t r a c t m a y best be fulfilled, b y g i v i n g t h e p r i m a r y place i n t h e i r t h o u g h t s t o t h e c o m b i n e d d u t y of a d o r i n g t h e i r Creator. Again, parents are responsible f o r t h e w e l f a r e of t h e i r children, for their m a i n t e n a n c e , clothing and education. Can they hope t o provide for their little ones, if t h e y d o n o t c o n s t a n t l y r e c o m m e n d t h e i r needs t o H i m W h o has given r a i m e n t t o the lily a n d food t o t h e s p a r r o w s ? C h i l d r e n c a n d o v e r y little, e s p e cially w h i l e still y o u n g , f o r t h e m a t e r i a l g o o d of t h e i r p a r e n t s . T h e y c a n r e t u r n love f o r l o v e — w h i c h is indeed all t h a t t h e p a rents a s k — b u t t h e c h i l d himself yearns t o d o m o r e . H i s d e l i g h t is t o h e l p m o t h e r o r t o give f a t h e r some l i t t l e p r e s e n t as a t o k e n of love. B u t b y p r a y e r , h e c a n secure a n a l m i g h t y H e l p e r for m o t h e r , a n d f r o m his h e a v e n l y Father he can obtain the most excellent gifts for his e a r t h l y father. F i n a l l y , good r e a d i n g is a k i n t o prayer. W h e n we pray, we speak t o G o d , a n d w h e n w e read G o d speaks t o us. Pious a n d edifying reading tends t o t h e spiritual advancement of the soul, f o r just as t h e b o d y is n o u r i s h e d b y m a t e r i a l b r e a d , so also is t h e i n t e r i o r m a n n o u r i s h e d and e n a b l e d t o love b y t h e D i v i n e W o r d . W e are all e n c o m p a s s e d w i t h h u m a n frailty, a n d o f t e n fall s h o r t of o u r d u t y t o o u r b r o t h e r s , b u t u n i o n in prayer will r e c t i f y all e r r o r s a n d b r i n g peace a n d reconciliation, so t h a t ' lovely a n d c o m e l y in life, e v e n

OF

FOIBLES STAFF.

j w r o n g w i t h M a l a y a n Education T h e s t r i k i n g m e t a p h o r of Our ; a p p e a r i n g in t h e Malaya Tribune L o r d e m p h a s i s i n g t h e d a n g e r of | of J u l y 2 0 t h . W e do not have a riches h a s become a p a r t of o u r j p r e d i c t i o n to ride a hobby-horse e v e r y d a y speech. " I t is easier for to d e a t h b y discussing t h e subject a camel to pass t h r o u g h t h e eye of of education w i t h a pertinacity a needle t h a n for a rich m a n to t h a t is w e l l - n i ^ i incorrigible; but e n t e r into t h e K i n g d o m of God." t h e r e a r e certainly some misleadTo realise t h e wisdom of t h i s ing a n d u n w a r r a n t e d r e m a r k s in t r u i s m one h a s only t o come in t h e article in question. Referring touch w i t h people of w e a l t h , p a r t i - t c a r e c e n t speech m a d e by His cularly t h e 'parvenu t y p e t h a t L o r d s h i p t h e Anglican Bishop of h a v e come by a wind-fall of easy S i n g a p o r e , o u r critic r e m a r k s "the money as we s a y in f a m i l i a r p a r - s t a n d a r d of education in grant-inlance. T h e rich m a y readily fulfil aid schools is n o t sufficiently high t h e i r own w h i m s and fancies, as t o fit t h e boys w h o leave these t h e y h a v e t h e m e a n s t o g r a t i f y schools for a n y o t h e r calling." clerks in offices)—The t h e i r desires, a n d consequently (than g r e a t e r opportunities of falling in- Italics a r e o u r s . This is certainly t o sin. H o w e v e r it cannot be al- a d i s p a r a g i n g and uncharitable w a y s held t h a t w e a l t h necessarily opinion w h i c h reflects prejudice spells r u i n . T h e r e h a v e been some a g a i n s t mission schools. No welle x a m p l e s of S a i n t s w h o h a v e been i n f o r m e d person will credit this possessors of wealth, a n d it is j u s t wild a s s e r t i o n , a n d o u r critic's imbecause t h e y could h a v e done evil p r e s s i o n of mission schools (and a n d did n o t do it t h a t t h e y became w e a r e p a r t i c u l a r l y concerned with S a i n t s . Moreover, t h o s e w h o h a v e Catholic schools) is h a r d l y worth g r e a t possessions a r e p r o n e to t h e p a p e r it is w r i t t e n on. If the t r u s t in t h e i r r i c h e s a n d t h e r e b y r e s u l t s obtained in public examinat h e y become proud a n d self-suffi- t i o n s a r e a n index t o go by, we cient a n d tend t o forget t h e i r need m a y r i g h t l y a s s e r t t h a t t h e Broof God. W e m a y reasonably a s - t h e r s ' Schools a n d Convents in s u m e , however^ t h a t Our Lord w a s M a l a y a h a v e a l w a y s set up a s t a n d a r d of w o r k which compares i r e f e r r i n g t o riches in t h e b r o a d e r f a v o u r a b l y w i t h t h a t of Governsense a n d not m e r e l y to m o n e y . m e n t Schools. T h e principle H e laid down applies * * £ * equally t o all k i n d s of w e a l t h viz. Q u a l i t y of Staff. power, influence, personal c h a r m , j B o t h G o v e r n m e n t and Aided social popularity, physical s t r e n g t h , | Schools depend for m u c h of their a n d intellectual g i f t s . s p a d e w o r k on locally trained * * * * t e a c h e r s , w h o u n d e r g o identical F a d s and Foibles. t r a i n i n g e i t h e r in t h e Normal I t is one of t h e commonplaces of Classes o r a t t h e Raffles College. t h e Gospel t h a t O u r L o r d c o n s t a n t - I t c a n n o t be a r g u e d t h a t t h e pick ly u r g e d t h e s u p r e m e need of pos- of t h e p e d a g o g u e s a r e specially ins e s s i n g a child-like h e a r t . " U n - d r a f t e d for service in Government less you be converted, a n d become Schools or t h a t t h e 'mediocres' or a s 'little children, you shall n o t 'misfits' a r e t u r n e d over t o aided e n t e r into t h e k i n g d o m of h e a v e n . " Schools. T h e r e is however a T h e child-like h e a r t alone is cap- s p r i n k l i n g of E u r o p e a n teachers able of f a i t h t h a t will f r i t t e r a w a y f o r h i g h e r w o r k on t h e staffs of o u r idle fads a n d i n n a t e foibles. G o v e r n m e n t a n d Aided Schools, If m e n could f o r a m o m e n t realise a n d t h e y will readily a d m i t t h a t t h a t t h e y a r e n o t h i n g b u t children t h e bulk of t h e g r o u n d w o r k is b u t of a l a r g e r mould, all t h e h a n d l e d by locally t r a i n e d hands. m i s e r i e s and iniquities t h a t beset Besides t h e r e is a splendid spirit of m o d e r n society will v a n i s h a w a y co-operation prevailing in the like t h e m o r n i n g dew w i t h t h e first B r o t h e r s ' schools between t h e lay r a y s of t h e s u n . O u r a r r o g a n t a n d religious m e m b e r s of t h e staff. self-reliance and over-bearing A g a i n t h e r e could be no apprecim e n t a l a t t i t u d e defy t h e discovery able difference in t h e m e n t a l makeof a 'cure-air f o r t h e ills which we u p of t h e t w o sets of pupils ath a v e b r o u g h t upon ourselves by t e n d i n g t h e G o v e r n m e n t and Misflagrant violation of first principles sion Schools; and t h e r e is one t h a t s t a n d rooted in t h e divine E d u c a t i o n Code for all schools m e x h o r t a t i o n to act t h e child a t M a l a y a . Furthermore^ t h e r e aph e a r t . A r e f r e s h i n g example of p e a r s t o be a g r e a t e r keeness on t h e r i g h t m e n t a l a t t i t u d e w a s furt h e p a r t of Mission Schools, (and nished by the world-famous i . scientist, P a s t e u r , who, w h e n he j| n i t ym awyi tspeak fcertaih r e gw a ridt h taon oair u r oCatholic b e c a m e a Catholic, learned his Schools) t o do s o m e t h i n g b e t t e r c a t e c h i s m a s a n y child would h a v e done and accepted h u m b l y all t h a t t h a n h i t t h e 'second best' catet h e C h u r c h t a u g h t on m a t t e r s of g o r y . T h i s h a s repeatedly been F a i t h and m o r a l s even t h o u g h his testified to in official r e p o r t s where m a s s i v e scientific knowledge and h i g h t r i b u t e s h a v e been p&id to experience w a s f a r superior t o t h a t t h e selfless labours of t h e religious t e a c h i n g bodies. If t h e old boys of h i s religious t e a c h e r s . of o u r Schools a r e n o t equally for* * * * t u n a t e in g e t t i n g 'catch-penny Malayan Education. j o b s ' , t h a t is no r e a s o n t o describe O u r a t t e n t i o n is d r a w n to a cri- t h e schools from which t h e y come tical article encaptioned " W h a t is a s second r a t e . S e c u r i n g jobs does n o t entirely depend on intrinsic in d e a t h w e shall n o t be divided m e r i t . T h e r e m u s t also b e a n ele( 2 K i n g s 1. 2 3 ) b u t shall a g a i n m e n t of luck o r influence, a n d t h e be u n i t e d before t h e h e a v e n l y B r o t h e r s of t h e Catholic Schools t h r o n e , t h e r e t o f o r m p a r t of t h e do n o t h a v e occasion t o brush s h o u l d e r s w i t h business employers g r e a t R o y a l f a m i l y . " A n d if in club pavilions, w h e r e a friendly sons, heirs also: heirs indeed of r e c o m m e n d a t i o n m a y produce t h e G o d , a n d joint heirs w i t h C h r i s t . " desired effect in finding billets for pupils. (Rom: VIII. 17). 9

1

9

PRAYER.

AND

w

e


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC

NAZI P E R S E C U T I O N S S T I L L RAMPANT. Berlin, 2 9 - 7 - 3 5 — T h e c a m p a i g n against t h e J e w s and Catholics suspected of political activities continues. T h e well-known Catholic o r g a n i s a t i o n , t h e Windhorst L e a g u e in B a d e n and two o t h e r Catholic o r g a n i s a t i o n s h a v e h a d their p r o p e r t y confiscated for "activities inimical to t h e people and t h e S t a t e . " T h e Catholic p a s tor, L u d w i g R o t h , h a s been sentenced at F r a n k f o r t to eight m o n t h s ' i m p r i s o n m e n t for s t a t i n g in t h e pulpit t h a t German C a t h o lics faced p e r s e c u t i o n like t h a t in Russia. All J e w s h a v e been compelled t o leave t h e lakeside r e s o r t of L y c h e n n e a r Berlin while t h e official Volkischer B e o b a c h t e r a n nounces dozens of a r r e s t s of A r y a n girls and J e w i s h m e n in Munich and s o u t h G e r m a n y . —Reuter. OLDEST CATHOLIC D A I L Y TO CLOSE. Berlin, 27-7-35.—Germany's oldest Catholic daily Augsburger Posizitung is closing down a n d henceforth will only be publishing weekly.—Reuter. SISTER F R E D E R I C K FROM PHILIPPINES DEAD. Maryknoll. N.Y., A M a r y k n c l l Sister w h o h a s laboured e i g h t years in t h e Philippines h a s j u s t been buried f r o m t h e m o t h e r h o u s e of h e r c o n g r e g a t i o n h e r e . S h e was Sister M a r y F r e d e r i c k ( M a r garet Mary Bourguignon), born in Brooklyn, N.Y., in 1902. S i s t e r F r e d e r i c k entered M a r y k noll in 1921. S h e w e n t in 1927 to Manila, w h e r e s h e nursed t h e sick until she herself became a victim, developing a t u m o r of t h e b r a i n . Brought back to t h e S t a t e s in t h e hope of a cure, s h e died a t P r o v i dence Hospital, Seattle, w h e r e she had trained. SEA B L E S S E D B Y B I S H O P ON COAST O F ENGLAND. London.—The a n c i e n t c e r e m o n y of blessing t h e s e a w a s received on t h e n o r t h e a s t coast of E n g land for t h e first t i m e since the Reformation d u r i n g t h e celebration of t h e fiftieth a n n i v e r s a r y of t h e church a t S t a i t h e s , Y o r k shire fishing village. Two t h o u s a n d fisher-folk and visitors escorted t h e Blessed Sacrament in procession from the village to t h e t o p of t h e cliff overlooking t h e N o r t h Sea. T h e Bishop of Middlesbrough, t h e Most Rev. Thomas Shine, g a v e t h e blessing with the Sacred H o s t d u r i n g B e n e diction a t a t e m p o r a r y wooden altar. (N.C.W.C.)

3rd A U G U S T , 1935.

GOSPEL

POPE'S IMPARTIAL ATTITUDE IN I T A L O — A B Y S S I N I A N H DISPUTE. Vatican City, 28-7-35.—The Pope r e f e r r e d to t h e Italo-Abyssinian dispute for t h e first t i m e today on t h e occasion of t h e b e a t i fication of J u s t i n de Jacobis on t h e 75th a n n i v e r s a r y of Jacobis' d e a t h in Abyssinia w h e r e he was A p o s tolic Delegate. T h e Pope e x p r e s s ed t h e keen hope t h a t peace will be m a i n t a i n e d b u t took no side in the dispute. T h e declaration is favourably received in I t a l i a n political q u a r t e r s w h e r e some h a d feared the P o p e m i g h t m a k e some pronouncement not altogether favourable to Italian policy.— Reuter.

LEADER. SATURDAY,

f

EIGHTH

o

r

SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST. ( L u k e XVI, 1—9). A t t h a t t i m e , J e s u s spoke t o his disciples t h i s parable. T h e r e w a s a certain rich m a n who h a d a s t e w a r d ; and t h e s a m e w a s accused unto h i m t h a t he had w a s t e d h i s g o o d s : a n d h e called him, a n d said to h i m , How is it t h a t I h e a r t h i s of t h e e ? g i v e a n account of t h y s t e w a r d s h i p , for now t h o u canst be s t e w a r d n o longer. And t h e steward said within himself, W h a t shall I do, because m y lord t a k e t h away from t h e s t e w a r d s h i p ? To d i g I a m not a b l e : t o beg I a m ashamed. I know w h a t I will do, t h a t when I shall be removed from t h e s t e w a r d s h i p , t h e y m a y receive m e i n t o t h e i r h o u s e s . Therefore calling t o g e t h e r every one of h i s lord's d e b t o r s , h e said to t h e first, How much dost t h o u owe m y lord? But h e said, A h u n d r e d b a r r e l s of oil. And h e said t o h i m , T a k e t h y bill, and sit down quickly, and w r i t e fifty. Then h e said t o a n o t h e r , A n d how m u c h dost thou owe? W h o said, A h u n d r e d q u a r t e r s of w h e a t . H e said t o him, T a k e t h y bill, and w r i t e e i g h t y . And t h e lord comir.ended t h e u n j u s t s t e w a r d , forasmuch a s h e h a d done wisely; for t h e children of t h i s world a r e wiser in t h e i r g e n e r a t i o n t h a n t h e t h e children of light. And I s a y to yofc, Make u n t o you f r i e n d s of t h e m a m m o n of iniquity, t h a t when you shall fail, t h e y m a y receive you i n t o everlasting dwellings.

11

DIOCESE O F MALACCA. Calendar for t h e Week. A u g u s t 4. S U N D A Y — 8 t h Sund a y After P e n t e c o s t . . . . M a s s and Vespers of t h e S u n d a y . August 5. Monday—Dedication of S t . Mary of t h e Snows. A u g u s t 6. T u e s d a y — T h e T r a n s figuration of our Lord. A u g u s t 7. W e d n e s d a y — S t . Cajet a n , C. A u g u s t 8. T h u r s d a y — S s . Cyriacus & Comp., Mm. A u g u s t 9. F r i d a y — S t . J o h n M a r y Vianney, C. Vigil of St. Lawrance, M. A u g u s t 10. S a t u r d a y — S t . L a w rence, M. Double of t h e 2nd Class with Octave Day. DIOCESE O F MACAO. CHURCH O F S T . J O S E P H . Calendar for t h e Week.

A u g u s t 4. S U N D A Y — E i g h t h Sund a y after P e n t e c o s t . Green COMMENTARY. vestments. P r o p e r of the This Gospel recalls to our minds all over t h e c o u n t r y . T h e y w e r e Mass in t h e "Small Misall" p . a scene, perhaps close upon us, in under h i s s w a y . H e could i|end 205. Second collect of S t . which we shall h e a r t h e words t h a t t h e m t o prison as spies. W h e n , Dominic, t h i r d " O God" p . 60. t h e lord said t o t h e unjust ste- however, t h e y h e a r d him s a y t h e Preface of t h e Bl. T r i n i t y . w a r d : — " g i v e a n account of t h y words, " I a m J o s e p h " t h e y w e r e Benediction of t h e Bl. S a c r a terrified a t t h e u t m o s t , "being stewardship." ment after High Mass. No s t r u c k w i t h exceeding g r e a t fear.' T h e end of the economical y e a r Evening Service To-day. I t w ill be like t h e closing d a t e T h e y h a d sinned a g a i n s t h i m . H e A u g u s t 5. M o n d a y — O u r L a d y of of o u r economica career. Our would t a k e h i s revenge now. t h e Snows. G r e a t e r Double. A t t h a t occasion, t h e n , accounts will be p r e s e n t e d before A u g u s t 6. T u e s d a y — T h e T r a n s t h e J u s t Judge " w h o , w i t h o u t r e s figuration of Our Lord. "What shall guilty I then pect of persons, j u d g e t h according Double of t h e 2nd cl. plead? to every one's w o r k ! (I P e t . 1,17.) A u g u s t 7. W e d n e s d a y — S t . GajeW h o for m e will intercede, What shall we d o ? W h a t shall w e W h e n t h e s a i n t s shall comfort t a n u s . Double. h e a r ? W h a t will be our final senneed? A u g u s t 8. T h u r s d a y — S t s . Cyriatence ? cus, L a r g u s a n d S m a r a g d u s , K i n g of dreadful m a j e s t y , If, according t o St. B e r n a r d , one M a r t y r s . Semi-double. W h o dost freely j u s t i f y , feels gnawing grief a t t h e p r o s A u g u s t 9. F r i d a y — S t . J o h n BapF o u n t of p i t y , save t h o u m e . " pect of leaving behind h i m a world tist Vianney, C. Double. Give a h Account. so tenderly loved—dolor in e x i t u Abstinence* E v e n i n g service O u r books will be opened, t h e n , - , if his p a s s i n g a w a y is filled a t 5.30. w i t h t h e h o r r o r of u n c e r t a i n fu- before H i m . A n d we shall give a n A u g u s t 10. S a t u r d a y — S t L a w ture—horror in t r a n s i t u — w h a t acount (1.) Of t h e t h o u s a n d and rence, M a r t y r . Double of t h e will b e his feelings w h e n t h r o w n one g r a c e s r e c e i v e d : — ( a ) we h a v e second class w i t h simple ocbeen chosen b y H i m from e t e r n i t y before J e s u s C h r i s t h i s J u d g e ? H e tave. will s t a n d a g h a s t , a cold s w e a t will to t h e t r u e fold of His c h u r c h , in aonvince him of t h e t r e m e n d o u s preference t o so m a n y o t h e r s , (b) MAN BECOMES J E S U I T LAY scene in which h e is going to h e a r actual g r a c e s received all t h r o u g h our life in o r d e r t o p r a c t i s e v i r t u e BROTHER AS WIFE JOINS his life sentence,—sudor in consand avoid s i n . . . t h e s e g r a c e s h a v e pectu Dei. CARMELITES. been e i t h e r despised or ignored, J e s u s will be o u r J u d g e . B u t (c) flowing graces h a v e w a s h e d i J e s u s Victor, J e s u s King, J e s u s our soul now and t h e n . . . t h e sacraBaltimore.—A d r a m a t i c scene of not hidden any more under m e n t s . . . a n d yet, t h e poor soul is s e p a r a t i o n and sacrifice, which five t h e appearances of bread and so stained, so unclean, t h a t J e s u s y e a r s ago s e n t Alfred Oswald, v/ine. Jesus in t h e robe of will n o t know w h a t to do w i t h it, p r o m i n e n t musician, to t h e broH i s infinite m a j e s t y . J e s u s whom (d) inspirations, good books, good t h e r h o o d of t h e J e s u i t Order a n d we offended so m a n y t i m e s friendships, everything will i h i s wife to t h e cloistered life of a a n d so grievously. J e s u s , a g a i n s t s t a n d a g a i n s t u s . . . Carmelite convent, w a s re-enacted w h o m we fought in life. J e s u s , 2. Of t h e c o m m a n d m e n t s of a t t h e Carmelite c o m m u n i t y h e r e h a t e d , abhorred by u s on account God and of His Church. T h e sins w h e n Sister B e a t r i c e , t h e f o r m e r of m a n y sacrileges. This circum- a g a i n s t t h e m a r e so n u m e r o u s . . . M r s . Oswald, took h e r final vows s t a n c e will r e n d e r t h e occasion r e m e m b e r not, O Lord, t h e sins of a n d drew t h e screen of Carmelite m o r e painful s t i l l J e s u s offended my y o u t h . . . renunciation b e t w e e n herself a n d is going to j u d g e His offenders. 3. Of o u r own duties t o w a r d s th<- world forever. W e k n o w that God is p a t i e n t be- ourselves, our God and o u r neighcause H e is eternal. He has eter- bour. P r o m i n e n t in t h e musical world n i t y before Himself to have His for m a n y y e a r s , Mr. and M r s . "Lo, t h y gracious face I s e e k ; j u s t revenge. J e s u s too has eterOswald quietly decided 5 y e a r s a g o S h a m e and grief a r e on m y n i t y in which to avenge His Digto devote t h e r e m a i n d e r of t h e i r c h e e k ; n i t y so outraged by us. If we h a d d a y s to t h e service of God in reliS i g h s and t e a r s m y sorrow not offended our J u d g e we would gion. speak. not fear His J u s t i c e so much. Severed from t h e guilty band. According to Carmelite rule, J o s e p h ' s b r o t h e r s who went to Make me with t h y sheep to S i s t e r Beatrice w a s permitted E g y p t for corn looked a t t h e stand, t h r e e final days, a f t e r t a k i n g h e r Governor (their own brother) Placing m e on t h y r i g h t hand. vows, t o see a n d converse w i t h h e r w i t h fear, because h e had power friends—through a n iron grill. 5 A m o n g those w h o t a l k e d w i t h St. Meinrad's Abbey. H e celebrat- | S i s t e r Beatrice w a s B r o t h e r OsY O U N G P R I E S T A S S I S T E D A T ed h i s first solemn M a s s in S S . wald. And w h e n t h e final recepF I R S T M A S S BY H I S P e t e r and Paul Cathedral on Sun- tion days w e r e over, h e r e t u r n e d BROTHERSday and t h e Rev. M a t t h e w Herold, I t o Georgetown P r e p a r a t o r y School, Fort Wayne, Ind.,—A newly p a s t o r of S t . F r a n c i s C h u r c h , i w h e r e h e is a n i n s t r u c t o r in music, ordained priest h a s j u s t been Henryville, and t h e Rev. J o h n a n d Sister B e a t r i c e r e t i r e d i n t o a s s i s t e d in his first solemn Mass Herold, of Vincennes, h i s b r o t h e r s , t h e recesses of t h e convent t o deh e r e by two of h i s b r o t h e r s , both served as A s s i s t a n t P r i e s t and v o t e h e r life to p r a y e r and conDeacon respectively. templation. T h e y will never see priests. i each o t h e r a g a i n in life and if t h e y A cousin of F a t h e r Herold, t h e T h e young priest is t h e Rev. ; s p e a k to each o t h e r it will b e Carl Herold, who w a s ordained at Rev. J e r o m e E l m e r B a r t e l , of t h r o u g h a p a r t i t i o n . Cincinnati, wasrsubdeacon. r

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CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 3 r d A U G U S T , 1935.

PENSIONNAT NOTRE D A M E ON CAMERON HIGHLANDS O P E N E D BY BRITISH R E S I D E N T OF P A H A N G EUROPEAN GUESTS ATTEND FUNCTION On Saturday last, 27th July, the "Pensionnat Notre-Dame," on the Cameron Highlands, w a s formally opened by the British Resident of Pahang, t h e Hon. M r . C. C . B r o w n . H i s Lordship B i s h o p D e v a l s w h o w a s expected to grace t h e occasion by his presence had t o be called a w a y by the m u c h regretted d e m i s e of Mgr. Barillon, the retired Bishop of Malacca. A m o n g t h e officials w h o h a d c o m e t o p a y a token of e s t e e m and admiration t o t h e splendid w o r k done b y the Sisters of the Holy Infant Jesus since their arr i v a l a t t h e H i g h l a n d s w e r e Mr. W . F . C h u r c h i l l , D . O . o f K u a l a Lapis, M r . C. W . A . Sennett, D.O. of Kinta, Mr. H e n n i n g t o n A.D.O. of L o w e r Perak, Mr. J. H . C r e e r A . D . O . o f K u a l a L i p i s , Mr. Fairchild, State E n g i n e e r of Pahang. I n sipte of the threatening weather on the uplands the programme w a s gone through without a hitch. B e f o r e declaring t h e school f o r m a l l y o p e n t h e H o n . M r . C. C. B r o w n a d d r e s s e d t h e audience as f o l l o w s : — Ladies and Gentlemen, It is a privilege and a pleasure for m e to preside a t this opening of the Pensionnat Notre-Dame, Cameron H i g h lands. It is a privilege because I happen t o be acting a s R e s i d e n t of t h e S t a t e in which this beautiful school has been b u i l t : a n d it i s a p l e a s u r e b e c a u s e I c a n ,

send their children to the Pensionnat N o t r e - D a m e , Cameron Highlands will not be disappointed. I a m not going to g i v e y o u t h e d e t a i l s about t h e school w h i c h will be found in its prospectus, and I a m not g o i n g to give a w a y stable s e c r e t s a n d t e l l y o u w h a t it a l l c o s t , t h o u g h I k n o w I a m r i g h t in s a y i n g t h a t i t i s a g o o d e x a m p l e of t h e F r e n c h g e n i u s for producing t h e best possible results on the lowest possible expenditure. Y o u will I am sure agree with me that this splendid building is a credit to its a r c h i t e c t a n d builder, Mr. N a t h a n , a n d t h a t i t s e q u i p m e n t defies t h e c r i t i c i s m s of e v e n t h e m o s t exacting of parents. Ladies and Gentlemen, let u s wish t h i s s c h o o l m a n y y e a r s of u s e f u l a n d h a p p y life. I have very great pleasure in declaring it open. Then the Hon. British Resident cut t h e w h i t e ribbon across the entrance to the portico, and parents and guests m a d e t h e i r w a y t o t h e hall w h e r e t h e y w e r e to be g i v e n a delightful entertainm e n t b y the pupils of the school. "Swinging in the Orchard" and " N u r s e r y R h y m e s " acted and s u n g by t h e ' t i n y t o t s ' p r o v e d t o be a t r e a t b o t h to t h e e y e s and ears. A s for the narrat i o n " U n e H a b i l e Couturiere," t o l d in French, the story of a clever little girl w h o proudly boasted having cut and s e w n a d r e s s f o r h e r dolly, w h e n s h e knew nothing about it,—ended in

You are a Careful Driver! Even so accidents will happen and it i s ' n t a l w a y s possible to make the other man pay. And even if y o u do you m a y not be able to recover your legal costs. Our " C a r e f u l D r i v e r ' s " 33 1 / 3 % B o n u s Policy provides m a x i m u m cover a g a i n s t all contingencies a t m i n i m u m rates.

N.E. NATIONAL

EMPLOYERS'

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GENERAL INSURANCE ASSOCIATION LTD. J S ^ I S c o

Official I n s u r e r s t o t h e A u t o m o b i l e A s s o c i a t i o n o f

Malaya.

M e y e r C h a m b e r s , Raffles P l a c e , S i n g a p o r e .

PENSIONNAT "NOTRE-DAME Opened at t h e Cameron Highlands by t h e Ladies of Saint Maur for y o u n g European Children, ' 99

applause; while , "King I h o p e , c a l l m y s e l f a n old f r i e n d o f t h e I t h u n d e r i n g J Hilary and the Beggarman" roused c o m m u n i t y t h a t h a s b u i l t it. T h i s is the third school t h a t h a s been j peels of l a u g h t e r from the audience. The last and most important item "A o p e n e d a t a hill s t a t i o n i n P a h a n g . T h e Masque of the Sleeping Beauty" w a s first w a s t h a t s t a r t e d a t F r a s e r ' s H i l l finely r e n d e r e d b y t h e p u p i l s , b o y s a n d b y M r s . McCall w h i c h i s b e i n g c a r r i e d girls. on by Mrs. Davidson. T h e second w a s To crown the entertainment, Mrs. F. t h a t o p e n e d b y M i s s Griffith-Jones o n H. Grummit kept the audience under t h e s e Highlands l a s t year, and t h i s is t h e c h a r m of a M u s i c a l R e c i t a l " T h e t h e third. Selfish G i a n t " These three schools are helping, each Mrs. Chasseriau ably presided a t the admirably in its o w n w a y , to supply a p i a n o f o r all mucical items. A f t e r M i s s need t h a t h a s l o n g been felt in M a l a y a . M a r y Grummit had read a compliment to T h e c l i m a t e of t h i s c o u n t r y , i n the t h e H o n . t h e B r i t i s h R e s i d e n t , Mr. F . H . m a j o r i t y , of places where Europeans G r u m m i t , on b e h a l f of H i s L o r d s h i p have to earn t h e i r daily bread, is not Bishop Devals delivered t h e following good for children b y t h e t i m e t h e y a r e address:— old e n o u g h t o g o t o s c h o o l , a n d i t h a s Speech delivered by Mr. F. H. Grummit. been necessary hitherto for Europeans R e v . M o t h e r V i s i t o r , H o n . Mr. B r o w n , t o send their children home to b e eduLadies and Gentlemen, cated and so to lose touch w i t h them while they are still v e r y y o u n g : which According to the programme, this is i s n o t g o o d e i t h e r f o r t h e c h i l d r e n or the time when His Excellency Bishop f o r the parents. D e v a l s g r e e t s the audience, but, as y o u all k n o w , h e w a s c a l l e d a w a y t o S i n g a The opening of these schools has p o r e y e s t e r d a y t o p a y his l a s t r e s p e c t s c o m p l e t e l y a l t e r e d t h e p o s i t i o n , affordt o t h e retired Bishop Mgr. Barillon who i n g E u r o p e a n s a s t h e y do t h e c h a n c e of passed a w a y yesterday morning. Great getting their children well educated at a s i s t h e disappointment of the Mother a reasonable cost in a favourable climate V i s i t o r a n d o f all of u s , I k n o w t h a t a n d a l the s a m e t i m e of seeing t h e m renobody is m o r e disappointed than Bigularly in their holidays, thus preservshop Devals himself. i n g w h a t I am old-fashioned e n o u g h to H i s Lordship however has left m e his c a l l t h e i n e s t i m a b l e benefit o f h o m e i n n o t e s o f w h a t h e intended t o s a y t h i s fluence. afternoon. T o c o m e n o w t o this school, I need H e first w i s h e s t o c o m p l i m e n t t h e o n l y s a v t h a t g o o d w a r e s n e e d n o puffc h i l d r e n o n t h e i r p l a y . I t h i n k he m u s t i n g , and t h e r e c o r d o f e d u c a t i o n a l w o r k t h a t t h e C o n v e n t o f t h i s Order c a n s h o w j h a v e h a d a p e e p a t t h e r e h e r s a l s . T h e r e i s n o t h i n g m o r e c h a r m i n g t h a n to w a t c h f o r many years throughout Malaya is a n a d e q u a t e g u a r a n t e e t h a t p a r e n t s w h o I t h e efforts of t h e s e little o n e s — a n d I

a s s u r e y o u it i s a v e r y b i g m a t t e r f o r t h e m — a n d I h a v e seldom seen an entertainment more charmingly carried out than has been done t h i s afternoon. W e must thank the British Resident of P a h a n g , t h e H o n . Mr. C. C. B r o w n , v e r y sincerely f o r h a v i n g c o m e here t o o p e n t h e School. T h e S t a t e h e a d m i n i s t e r s i s i n d e e d f o r t u n a t e i n h a v i n g such a w o n d e r f u l h i l l - s t a t i o n a s t h i s , and i t is no wonder there are so m a n y plots to take it away. As long a s w e have a R e s i d e n t of P a h a n g w i t h t h e v i s i o n a n d e n e r g y o f Mr. B r o w n , t h e r e i s n o n e e d t o t a k e C a m e r o n H i g h l a n d s o u t of P a h a n g and p u t i t u n d e r F e d e r a l Cont r o l . B u t I m u s t confine m y s e l f to t h e Bishop's notes and not s t r a y along the p a t h of local p o l i t i c s . T h e B i s h o p w i s h e s m e t o t h a n k on h i s b e h a l f all t h o s e w h o h a v e contributed in w h a t e v e r w a y to t h e f o u n d a t i o n of t h i s S c h o o l . H e r e c a l l s t h e first v i s i t t o t h e H i g h l a n d s in April 1 9 3 0 w h e n R e v . Father Perrissoud and Rev. Father F o u r g s c a m e u p to s p y o u t t h e land. T h e road w a s o n l y e o m p l e t e d a s f a r a s R i n g l e t , and t h e R e v . F a t h e r s had t o w a l k t h e r e s t o f the w a y . T h e j o u r n e y e n d e d c l o s e t o t h e hill o n w h i c h t h i s S c h o o l s t a n d s , for F a t h e r F o u r g s f e l l i n t o t h e s t r e a m j u s t b e l o w h e r e and broke his collarbone. T h e n e x t t i m e — a month later—Fr. Devals came himself with Fr. Perrissoud and these three sites w e r e selected definitely i n 1931. I t i s one t h i n g t o s e l e c t a s i t e and quite another t o get i t approved. Everyo n e , h o w e v e r , Official a n d Unofficial s e e m s to h a v e c o m b i n e d t o a s s i s t . T h e r e w a s t h e H o n . Mr. L e o n a r d , t h e B r i t i s h R e s i d e n t , w h o c a m e o u t h e r e to p e r s o n a l l y i n s p e c t t h e s i t e . Mr. H. T. Cockm a n w h o w a s then D.O. a t Kuala Lipis and Mr. J. H e n n i n g t o n , t h e A . D . O . a t Cameron Highlands. T h e p r e s e n t Officials h a v e been e q u a l l y h^Tvful. p a r t i c u l a r l y t h e A . D . O . and t h e S t s t e E n g i n e e r w h o h a v e rendered s e r v i c e d u r i n g t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n of t h e School. W e are p a r t i c u l a r l y g r a t e f u l to Mr. Nathan, the architect, w h o is responsible f o r all d e s i g n and f o r s u p e r v i s e e t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f t h e buildinsr, Mr. N a t h a n , I see. is with us to-day and he must, indeed, be a proud m a n w h e n he s e e s w h a t h e has a c c o m p l i s h e d .

T h a n k s a r e a l s o d u e t o M e s s r s . Drew i t t a n d I r v i n g f o r h a v i n g t a k e n care o f t h e r o a d s a n d e x c a v a t i o n work, to M e s s r s . R. Y o u n g w h o h a v e t a k e n charge o f t h e s a n i t a r y i n s t a l l a t i o n and t o Mr. K e n n i e s o n f o r a l l t h e s u p p l y of cement b l o c k s and t i l e s . B u t t h e r e is o n e p e r s o n w h o m the B i s h o p h a s f o r g o t t e n to m e n t i o n in his n o t e s , and t h a t i s H i s E x c e l l e n c y Bishop D e v a l s . I a m s u r e t h a t t h e R e v . Mother o f P e n a n g w i l l a g r e e w i t h m e t h a t her t a s k h a s b e e n m a d e e a s i e r f o r her by t h e h i g h e s t e e m a n d u n i v e r s a l favour i n w h i c h o u r B i s h o p i s held b y everyone. T h e g o o d w i l l o f e v e r y b o d y i s so import a n t in a n u n d e r t a k i n g o f t h i s nature! A n d w e a r e f o r t u n a t e in t h a t w i t h a B i s h o p l i k e o u r s w e are a s s u r e d of the g o o d w i l l a n d s u p p o r t of t h e h i g h e s t a s w e l l a s t h e h u m b l e s t in t h e land. T h e School w i l l b e a l a s t i n g monument t o t h e g r e a t w o r k i n this c o u n t r y of t h e R e v . M o t h e r S t . T a r c i s i u s , a n d I think s h e h a s j u s t l y e a r n e d t h e t i t l e of Mother V i s i t o r of t h e O r d e r . T h e s u c c e s s of the School, w h i c h i s a l r e a d y a s s u r e d , will be t h e b e s t r e w a r d t o her f o r t h e m a n y y e a r s of l o v i n g l a b o u r and c e a s e l e s s selfsacrifice s h e h a s d e v o t e d t o M a l a y a . I shall like, t h e r e f o r e , o n b e h a l f of t h e E u r o p e a n p a r e n t s of M a l a y a to exp r e s s our t h a n k s t o t h e R e v . Mother S u p e r i o r and, t h r o u g h h e r , t o t h e Mot h e r General a n d t o all t h e o t h e r memb e r s of t h e O r d e r o f t h e S i s t e r s of Holy I n f a n t J e s u s f o r t h e c r o w n i n g achievem e n t of t h e i r m a n y y e a r s o f noble work, i n t h e c a u s e o f e d u c a t i o n i n t h i s country. One of t h e c h i e f d r a w b a c k s o f Europ e a n life in M a l a y a w a s t h e f a c t that w e h a v e t o be p a r t e d f r o m our children w h i l e t h e y a r e still quite y o u n g ; and m o t h e r s h a v e t o spend t h e i r t i m e bet w e e n t h e i r h u s b a n d s out h e r e and their children a t h o m e — n o t a v e r y s a t i s f a c t o r y a r r a n g e m e n t f o r e i t h e r of t h e m , T h e School t h a t is f o r m a l l y opened t o - d a y , t h e r e f o r e , s u p p l i e s a v e r y long f e l t need, and, a s a p a r e n t m y s e l f I know t h e difference i t w i l l m a k e t o our lives h e r e , a n d - t h a t w e will b e able t o keep our l i t t l e o n e s f o r s o m e y e a r s longer t h a n h a s h i t h e r t o been p o s s i b l e . I t is a v e r y b g u n d e r t a k i n g , but w e k n o w t h a t (Continued on page 19 Cols. 1 # 2 ) ;


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC LEADER, SATURDAY, 3rd AUGUST, 1935.

FR. COLIGHLIN'S RADIO TALKS ATTACKED. CANON LAW VIOLATED O E C L A R E S WRITER ' Philadelphia.—The opinion t h a t the activities of t h e Rev. Charles E. Coughlin, p a s t o r of t h e S h r i n e of t h e Little F l o w e r at Royal Oak, Mich., " c o n s t i t u t e direct violations of existing Canon L a w , " is expressed in a n article by t h e Rev. Dr. E d w a r d V. Dargin, p a s t o r of St. Joseph's C h u r c h , Croton Falls, N.Y., in t h e J u l y issue of t h e A m e rican Ecclesiastical Review, w h i c h appeared recently. " W h e t h e r h i s activities a r e or are not political is a q u e s t i o n of fact," Dr. D a r g i n says. " I t is m y conviction t h a t t h e y a r e political and this conviction is based on h i s organization of a nation-wide league, w i t h a direct and open threat t o use i t s voting p o w e r for or against c e r t a i n national policies, laws, a n d elective officials; on his a p p e a r a n c e a t m e e t i n g s in Detroit a n d Cleveland, s p e a k i n g from t h e p l a t f o r m with politicians on political m a t t e r s , jandt on h i s announced plan to hold s i m i l a r meetings in t h e principal cities of t h e n a t i o n ; on m a n y s t a t e m e n t s contained in his s e r m o n s — s t a t e m e n t s too n u m e r o u s t o q u o t e within t h e limited space of t h i s paper b u t which can be cited for t h e asking. " T h e direct law g o v e r n i n g t h i s m a t t e r is contained in N o . 83 of t h e I I I P l e n a r y Council of B a l t i more. T h i s legislation e x p r e s s l y commands p r i e s t s to a b s t a i n from the public discussion of political o r secular m a t t e r s , either in o r outside of a church, and forbids clerics t o inject t h e m s e l v e s in j u d g e m e n t s of t h e faithful in q u e s tions of a civil n a t u r e . Law Retains Force. "This legislation of B a l t i m o r e , by v i r t u r e of Canon 6, N o . 1, of the new Code of Canon L a w , r e tains its force and is b i n d i n g in this c o u n t r y . Moreover, since it is the law of a plenary council, a p proved by t h e Holy See, t h e individual b i s h o p is limited in t h e extent t o w h i c h he can dispense from it. Even t h o u g h a cleric's proper O r d i n a r y h a s g r a n t e d a dispensation, within t h e scope of the limitations placed on h i s power by Canon Law, t h e cleric would h a v e t o ask and receive f u r ther dispensations from t h e Ordinaries of o t h e r j u r i s d i c t i o n s in which he, a s a n extern, w i s h e s t o carry on h i s activity. T h i s certainly is t h e case when one s p e a k s by a m e a n s which r e a c h e s o t h e r dioceses. B u t t h e r e is s o m e t h i n g more t h a n t h e Council of Baltimore, namely, general legislation, concerning ecclesiastical discipline." Saying t h a t "it is well t o point out t h a t F a t h e r Coughlin a t t e m p t s to justify a n d defend h i s a c t i v i t y on t h e g r o u n d t h a t he, a s a citizen, has the s a m e freedom a s a n y o t h e r citizen, a n d t h a t he h a s t h e s a m e right to discuss publicly, n a t i o n a l Personalities and policies a n d platforms a s a n y doctor, lawyer, soldier or citizen of a n y o t h e r p r o fession," D r . Dargin declares t h a t this a r g u m e n t is fallacious."" " F a t h e r Coughlin's freedom h a s been limited directly a n d e x p r e s s ly, not by civil law it is t r u e , b u t by Canon L a w , " h e c o n t i n u e s .

| " J u s t a s t h e r e is Canon Law to ' limit t h e freedom of a priestcitizen to e n g a g e in t h e practice of medicine or business, so t h e r e is Canon Law t o limit t h e freedom j of a priest-citizen to engage in political activity. A n d t h e basis j of t h e s e expressed limitations of ; t h e r i g h t of clerics t o mix in m a t i t e r s of t h e m s e l v e s good is t h a t , \ despite t h e i r goodness and p r a i s e | worthiness in a layman, t h e y a r e ! not becoming t h e dignity and ! mission of t h e priesthood." Legislation's Necessity Evident. " T h e necessity of canonical lej gislation a g a i n s t a p r i e s t engaging | in politics m u s t be evident," Dr. ; D a r g i n s a y s . " A p r i e s t who des! cends from t h e pulpit, w h e r e h e | h a s t h e r i g h t and d u t y t o p r e a c h ; t h e principles of social j u s t i c e , and ; steps into t h e a r e n a of politics by u r g i n g p a r t i c u l a r political m e t h o d s of applying t h e s e principles or by publicly e n g a g i n g in personalities i w i t h fellow citizens in public life,

WE NEED YOUR SUPPORT TO CARRY ON THIS GOOD WORK.

ENROL NOW. WE ARE AT YOUR SERVICE. The Manager, MALAY CATHOLIC LEADER, 73, Bras Basah Road, SINGAPORE.

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m u s t be p r e p a r e d t o be t r e a t e d a s a n y l a y m a n or a n y o t h e r politician. In doing so, h e cannot divorce himself from his own priesthood or from t h e body of h i s fellow-priests. H e m u s t necessarily become t h e object of t h e criticism, v i t u p e r a t i o n and ridicule which is t h e lot of a n y politician. T h e s e do not merely affect h i m a s a n individual, b u t t h e y lessen t h e d i g n i t y of t h e office of t h e p r i e s t hood, a d i g n i t y which t h e C h u r c h h a s a l w a y s g u a r d e d jealously. I n h e r desire t o p r o t e c t t h e m s h e will not p e r m i t p r i e s t s to renounce c e r t a i n privileges which she h a s g r a n t e d t o t h e priesthood a s a body, or t o violate laws which s h e h a s imposed on t h e body of t h e priesthood t o s a f e g u a r d i t s h o n o u r and dignity." Declaring t h a t " t h e r e is a l w a y s t h e d a n g e r t h a t a cleric who engaged in politics will s t i r u p t h e flames of religious b i g o t r y , " D r . D a r g i n s a y s t h a t " t o avoid t h e s e evils and t o r e m a i n within t h e r e s t r i c t i o n imposed b y Canon L a w , a cleric m u s t always m a k e a clearcut distinction between t h e principles of social j u s t i c e and t h e p a r ticular political m e t h o d s t o b r i n g t h e s e principles into legislative reality. A s a priest, he m u s t preach t h e f o r m e r in season a n d out of season, b u t m u s t leave t h e l a t t e r to t h e layman whom h e h a s t h o r o u g h l y t r a i n e d in t h e principles." (Continued

at foot

of Cols.

3 & 4)

13

VETERAN AMERICAN PUBLISHER DEAD.

SOVEREIGN PONTIFFS 79TH BIRTHDAY.

New York.—Thomas C. Quinn. veteran publisher, died here recently a t t h e a g e of 70. Mr. Quinn, w h o is credited w i t h being t h e a u t h o r of t h e practice of displaying t h e A m e r i c a n flag on public schools and buildings, h a d a long c a r e e r in t h e n e w s p a p e r publishing field, form erly owning and publishing t h e old New York Daily News. He purchased the paper from F r a n k A. Munsev in J u n e , 1904. F r o m 1908 t o 1916 h e published t h e N e w York Ledger, after w h i c h h e w a s d e s i g n a t e d S t a t e Supervisor of Public Records for a four-year t e r m . H e w a s p r e sident of t h e A c c u r a t e B i o g r a p h i cal Service, a m e m b e r of t h e American Historical Association, and a f o r m e r s e c r e t a r y of t h e Catholic W r i t e r s ' Guild of America. Mr. Quinn w r o t e a n article while on t h e N e w York Press a d v o c a t i n g t h e enforced display of A m e r i c a n flags on all public schools a n d buildings. T h e article, w h i c h w a s published on J u n e 29, 1889, r e sulted in t h e national adoption of t h e suggestion. -<N.€.W.C.)

HIS HOLINESS STILL STRONG AND ACTIVE.

New Y o r k . — F u n e r a l services for Mrs. H a r r i e t B a r d Squiers u p on whom F r a n c e conferred t h e Croix de G u e r r e for service a s h e a d of a w a r hospital a t Montmirail in t h e M a r n e a n d for b r a v e r y in c a r i n g f o r t h e wounded in t h e b a t t l e of C h a t e a u T h i e r r y , w e r e held a t t h e C h u r c h of N o t r e Dame here. M r s . S q u i e r s , w h o died r e c e n t l y a t St. L u k e ' s hospital, had lived in F r a n c e from t h e d e a t h of h e r h u s band, H e r b e r t Goldsmith Squiers, noted A m e r i c a n diplomat, in 1912 until h e r r e t u r n h e r e a b o u t a y e a r ago. Mr. Squiers w a s first secr e t a r y of t h e American Legation a t Peiping d u r i n g t h e B o x e r u p rising, and played a conspicuous p a r t in t h e defense of t h e Legation. In 1902, h e w a s n a m e d first American Minister t o t h e Republic of Cuba, s e r v i n g until late in 1905. T h e following y e a r he w a s n a m e d Minister t o P a n a m a . M r s . Squiers built t h e hospital a t Montmirail, financed it a n d w a s active in i t s m a n a g e m e n t . T h e citation accompanying t h e Croix de Guerre decoration s t a t e s t h a t she and t w o a s s i s t a n t s cared for more t h a n 600 wounded soldiers a t t h e Battle of C h a t e a u T h i e r r y until she went, u n d e r fire, t o t h e F r e n c h military staff for medical and s u r gical assistance. She also received t h e Medaille de Reconnaissance de L a F r a n c e in recognition of h e r civilian services.

Vatican City.—The seventyn i n t h b i r t h d a y of His Holiness Pope Pius X I h a s served to e m phasize f u r t h e r t h e s t r e n g t h a n d g r e a t e n e r g y which t h e Pontiff r e t a i n s in spite of his advanced a g e . H e never shows t h e slightest fatigue despite t h e e x t r a o r d i n a r i l y intense activity of t h e 14 y e a r s of Pontificate. And t h i s activity h a s consisted not only of u n d e r t a k i n g s t o which he h a s given i m p e t u s and development but also t h e direct and personal work he accomplishes himself. T h e c h a r a c t e r of t h e activity of P i u s XI is a l w a y s t h e same. H e is not content m e r e l y with proposing ideas and g i v i n g directions, but is closely associated w i t h every p r o j e c t from p r e l i m i n a r y studies of t h e questions involved t o t h e fulfillment of t h e m , even t o t h e v e r y details of applying t h e decisions t a k e n . Those w h o work with h i m in t h e g r e a t a c t i v i t y of t h e R o m a n Congregations and t h e S e c r e t a r i a t "of "State h a v e t h i s "daily e x p e r i e n c e a n d a d m i r e such a d e m o n s t r a t i o n of s t r e n g t h , assiduity, and e n e r g y day a f t e r d a y w i t h o u t a sign of advanced a g e or t h e slightest indication of w e a k n e s s . Many a r e anxious over t h e H o l y Father's health. Actually he alone is n e v e r troubled about it. A n d when h e is advised to t a k e b e t t e r care of himself and to s a v e his s t r e n g t h o r consult s o m e doctor t o s e e . w h e t h e r , in his advanced age, it would not be necess a r y for h i m t o t a k e some precautions and t o m o d e r a t e his daily work in some way, P i u s XI replies t h a t such is not a t all necessary and t h a t h e h a s no need of doctors because all t h e world p r a y s for h i m and t h e Lord will give him t h e s t r e n g t h a n d g r a c e necessary for his s t a t e . T h e a n s w e r he gave his nephew, Count F r a n c o R a t t i , whom he called to his side t h r e e y e a r s a g o t o be t h e P r e s i d e n t of t h e Central Council of t h e Vatican City, is typical. One day, when P i u s X I h a d given, a s is his daily c u s t o m , t h r e e or four discourses, his nephew told h i m h e should t a k e g r e a t e r c a r e of his h e a l t h and n o t fatigue himself so m u c h : The Pope looked smilingly a t him, a n d t h e n s a i d : "You m a y give m e t h i s advice w h e n I a m 90 y e a r s old, b u t not now." And really, t o all who a p p r o a c h t h e Pope, such a n a n s w e r does n o t seem p r e s u m t u o u s , because t h e freshness a n d s t r e n g t h shown b y P i u s X I a t 79 y e a r s of age, is s u c h a s to p e r m i t one reasonably t o expect t h a t h e m i g h t well live t o be 90 and more.—(N.C.W.C.)

H a v i n g preached and t a u g h t t h e principles and t r a i n e d t h e laysons of t h e Church, D r . D a r g i n continues, " p r i e s t s should leave entirely t o t h e s e lay-sons political activity t o decide w h e t h e r t h e N.R.A. is t o be modified, continued or discontinued; w h e t h e r t h e F e deral R e s e r v e B a n k is t o b e replaced b y a new f o r m of N a tional B a n k ; w h e t h e r t h e H a r r i s o n or P a t m a n or Vinson B o n u s plan r e p r e s e n t s t h e b e s t i n t e r e s t s of t h e nation and the veteran; P r e s i d e n t Roosevelt is w o r t h y of re-election a n d w h e t h e r t h e i n t e r e s t s of t h e w o r k i n g m a n a n d t h e principles of social j u s t i c e a r e b e s t represented b y t h e p l a t f o r m of t h e Republican P a r t y or t h e Domocratic P a r t y o r a T h i r d P a r t y . "

" I n t h e d e g r e e in which F a t h e r Coughlin h a s p r e a c h e d t h e principles of social j u s t i c e , t o t h a t extent h e h a s t r a i n e d t h e s o n s of t h e C h u r c h a n d t h o s e outside t h e fold in t h e s e principles," Dr. D a r gin s a y s in conclusion. "His fellow-priests y e a r n , a s h e d o e s , t o see t h e d a y w h e n a s a r e s u l t of o u r t e a c h i n g , u n d e r t h e direction of our Holy F a t h e r a n d o u r Bi* shops, t h e s e principles m a y p e r m e a t e individuals and i n s t i t u t i o n s and c o n t r i b u t e t o t h e initiation of a b e t t e r social order. In o r d e r , however, t h a t activity m a y b e ' u n d e r t h e guidance and direction of t h e C h u r c h , ' a p r i e s t ' s zeal should n e v e r lead h i m t o o v e r s t e p t h e r e s t r i c t i o n s imposed upon h i m b y Canon L a w . " (N.C.W.C.)

WORLD WAR HEROINE D E A D . Received Decorations For Courage & Bravery.

;


14

M A L A Y A C A T H O L I C L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 3rd AUGUST, 1935.

WORLD COTTON GROWERS IN A U D I E N C E WITH HOLY FATHR.

CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY OF LILLE

Vatican City.—An important audience of a n i n t e r n a t i o n a l c h a r a c t e r w a s g r a n t e d b y H i s Holiness P o p e P i u s X I t o m e m b e r s of t h e International Cotton Congress. T h e d e l e g a t e s a n d m e m b e r s of t h e i r families n u m b e r e d a b o u t 350 persons, of w h o m 50 w e r e I t a l i a n , 50 F r e n c h , 50 G e r m a n , 100 E n g l i s h a n d 100 f r o m 17 o t h e r S t a t e s . M. B r a s s e u r , Belgian, a c t i n g a s spokesman, expressed their sentim e n t s i n a n i m p o r t a n t speech which m a d e direct reference t o pontifical t e a c h i n g in social m a t ters, contrasting this with the doleful c o n s e q u e n c e s of t h e egoistical a n d diffident policy p r e v a i l i n g among nations. " O u r a s s e m b l y " , said M. B r a s s e u r , " a i m s a t t h e objects w h i c h Y o u r H o l i n e s s approved in t h e Encyclical Quadragesimo Anno. A l a s , t h e p a r t i c u l a r i n t e r e s t s of t h e n a t i o n s p l a c e m a n y obstacles in t h e w a y . . B u t our meetings, if n o t h i n g else, f a c i l i t a t e t h e u n d e r s t a n d i n g of t h e s i t u a t i o n . " " T h e world h a s g o n e f a r f r o m t h e precious teaching t h a t Your Holiness offers it in Y o u r p a t e r n a l solicitude. B u t t h e d a y will c o m e — w e h o p e for i t a n d invoke it w i t h all o u r h e a r t s — w h e n t h e n a t i o n s will u n d e r s t a n d a t l a s t t h a t s p i r i t u a l a n d m o r a l values h a v e a n inconstable p r i m a c y , t h e forgett i n g of w h i c h m a y b r i n g a b o u t serious a n d painful consequences. T h e Encyclical which I h a v e j u s t cited t r a c e s o u r d u t i e s for u s . I t will be t h e s u r e s t g u i d e t o h e l p u s conquer difficulties a n d overcome obstacles." I n r e p l y i n g , t h e Holy F a t h e r e x p r e s s e d h i s g r e a t p l e a s u r e in seeing b e f o r e h i m s u c h an i n t e r e s t i n g delegation, r e p r e s e n t i n g so many nations. He was highly delighted,, h e said, a t t h e communion of ideas r e g a r d i n g t h e incont e s t a b l e p r i m a c y of moral a n d s p i r i t u a l v a l u e s o v e r all o t h e r e l e m e n t s influencing t h e life of m a n , a n d t h a n k e d t h e m in a s p e cial m a n n e r for t h e s e n t i m e n t s recorded in t h e a d d r e s s w h e r e i n w e r e echoed t h e w o r d s in w h i c h h e h a d w i s h e d t o r e m i n d t h e world of t h e t e a c h i n g s of t h e C h u r c h f o r sccial p r o s p e r i t y a n d t h e c o m m o n weal. The International Cotton Federation was formed more t h a n t h i r t y y e a r s a g o a n d t o d a y includes 21 n a t i o n s in E u r o p e a n d Africa. A S e c r e t a r i a t provides a p e r m a n e n t b o n d b e t w e e n t h e diverse n a t i o n a l associations, a n d a g e n e r a l Committee meets frequently to s t u d y q u e s t i o n s affecting t h e ind u s t r y . E v e r y t w o y e a r s a Cong r e s s i s held in some capital. (Lumen-N.C.W.C) REMAINS OF MISSIONARY MURDERED BY REDS IDENTIFIED. P e i p i n g . — T h e r e is n o l o n g e r any doubt regarding the fate of Father Giacomo Anselmo, Italian V i n c e n t i a n c a p t u r e d by Communists a t L i n k i n g , Kiangsi, o n C h r i s t m a s E v e , 1933. A t e l e g r a m received h e r e t h i s m o r n i n g f r o m Bishop C. Mignani, C M . , V i c a r Apostolic of K i a n , K i a n g s i , s t a t e s t h a t it is now clear t h a t F a t h e r Anselmo w a s killed l a s t y e a r a t a place called SiushuL H i s r e m a i n s h a v e been identified a n d h a v e been b r o u g h t t o K i a n for burial, t h e d i s p a t c h adds.—(Lumen.)

FACULTY OF MEDICINE. Lille, ( F r a n c e ) . — T h e F a c u l t y of Medicine of t h e Catholic U n i v e r s i t y of Lille h a s completed i t s p l a n s f o r t h e 10th A n n u a l Course of Medicine for Missionaries, t o be held a t t h e U n i v e r s i t y f r o m Septe m b e r 2 t o October 12. Besides a t t e n d i n g a series of lectures on s u b j e c t s of special i n t e r e s t a n d value for missionaries, t h o s e w h o follow t h e course will acquire p r a c t i c a l experience in t h e hospital and dispensaries. Students, who a r e p r e s e n t for t h e e n t i r e course a n d a r e successful in t h e e x a m i n a t i o n s , will receive a diploma. T h e course is g r a t i s . — ( F i d e s ) SALESIANS' N E W INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL IN HONGKONG SPLENDIDLY EQUIPPED. H o n g K o n g . — E r e c t e d a t a cost of $203,000 H o n g K o n g dollars, t h e n e w A b e r d e e n I n d u s t r i a l School, in operation since April 2, is a model m o d e r n s t r u c t u r e of reinforced concrete, t h r e e stories h i g h , a n d well equipped for i t s work. T h e 1st floor c o n t a i n s a l a r g e a u d i t o r i u m a n d dining room, carp e n t r y t a i l o r i n g a n d shoe shops, exhibition room, kitchen and laundry. T h e 2nd floor comprises 2 s t u d y halls, reception room, 12 class r o o m s , s u p p l e m e n t a r y d i n i n g room, music and printing establishment. T h e t h i r d floor provides d o r m i t o r i es, d r y i n g room a n d w e a v i n g room. A chapel a n d r o o m s f o r exercise a n d r e c r e a t i o n a r e also included in t h e building. All t h e accessories a r e up-to-date. T h e site w a s p r o vided b y t h e G o v e r n m e n t ; g e n e r o u s donors provided t h e m o n e y . — (Lumen). INDIAN PILGRIMS RECEIVED BY HOLY FATHER. V a t i c a n City.—Led b y t h e Most R e v . William K a l a c h e r r y , n a t i v e B i s h o p of C h a n g a n a c h e r r y , an I n d i a n p i l g r i m a g e w a s received in audience on M a y 23 b y H i s Holin e s s Pope P i u s X I . T h e pilgrig r i m s w e r e dressed in p i c t u r e s q u e native costumes and brought with t h e m 80 g i f t s i l l u s t r a t i n g I n d i a n a r t a n d p r o d u c t s , which t h e Pope a n n o u n c e d would b e placed in t h e Mission M u s e u m . W h e n i m p a r t i n g h i s blessing u p on t h e p i l g r i m s . H i s Holiness said t h a t h e included t h e r e i n t h e m a n y r e s i d e n t s of t h e i r v a s t c o u n t r y . The pilgrimage group was the same t h a t attended the Triduum a t L o u r d e s in April. (Lumen-N.C.W.C.) VATICAN NECTED

WIRELESS CONWITH I PALESTINE.

T h e V a t i c a n wireless s t a t i o n h a s been connected directly w i t h t h e Wireless C e n t r e a t B e y r o u t h , t h u s affording Communication with S y r i a , Lebanon, Palestine, E g y p t , I r a n , I r a q , P e r s i a and t h e Phillipine I s l a n d s . HOLY F A T H E R DONATES $20,000 TO C H I N A F L O O D RELIEF. T h e Apostolic Delegate t o China, M g r . Zanin, h a s received i n s t r u c tions from t h e Vatican to donate $20,000 for relief work in t h e flood a r e a s . I n addition, t h e delegate h a s i n s t r u c t e d t h e various missions t o mobilise all Catholics t o t a k e p a r t in relief w o r k and t o contrib u t e t o w a r d s t h e relief funds.

EPISCOPAL CONFERENCE MEETS TO CONSIDER SEMINARY REPORT. Peiping.—A n u m b e r of Ordinaries of Hopei Province, who send t h e i r clerical s t u d e n t s t o St. Vincent's Regional S e m i n a r y a t Chala, in t h e s u b u r b s of Peiping, for t h e i r ecclesiastical education, met in conference h e r e y e s t e r d a y m o r n i n g t o h e a r a n d discuss t h e j annual financial, scholastic and disciplinary r e p o r t of t h e Rector, t h e Very R e v . O. F e r r e u x , C M . The O r d i n a r i e s p r e s e n t a t t h e meeting w e r e : Bishop Paul Montaigne, C M . , of P e i p i n g ; Bishop J e a n de Vienne, C M . , of T i e n t s i n ; Coadjutor Bishop E u g e n e Lebouille, C M . , of Y u n g p i n g f u ; Bishop Melchior Soun, C M . , of A n k w o ; Bishop J o s e p h Chow, C M . , of P a o t i n g f u ; a n d Msgr. I g n a t i u s K r a u s e , C M . , P r e f e c t Ap. of S h u n tehfu. T h e V e r y Rev. F r a n c i s D e s r u m a u x , C M . , L a z a r i s t Visitor, also a t t e n d e d . H. E . A r c h b i s h o p Zanin, Apostolic Delegate t o China, e n t e r t a i n e d t h e Bishop of P e i p i n g and h i s dist i n g u i s h e d visitors a t dinner in t h e Apostolic Delegation a t noon.— (Lumen.) OFFICIALS IN HONAN HONOUR CHINESE SECULAR PRIEST. Chumatien, (Honan Province, C h i n a ) . — T h e Chief of Police, t h e District Magistrate and other' civil a n d m i l i t a r y a u t h o r i t i e s cf Tungpehhsien, Honan, recently p r e s e n t e d a n h o n o u r scroll t o Rev. J a m e s Kouo, p a r i s h priest of t h a t town, t o show t h e i r appreciation of his good w o r k a m o n g t h e people of t h e region. F a t h e r Kouo, w h o belongs t o t h e Chinese secular clergy, also received a n u m b e r of practical g i f t s , household articles, & c , f r o m his C h r i s t i a n a n d nonC h r i s t i a n friends. The occasion was t h e opening of t h e newly r e s t o r e d C h u r c h in t h e i m p o r t a n t m a r k e t t o w n of P i n g s h i h c h e n in the same parish. T h e officials of T u n g p e h h s i e n speak h i g h l y of F a t h e r Kouo's work a n d t h e y h a v e shown t h e i r esteem in a practical w a y b y p r o t e c t i n g h i s mission several t i m e s d u r i n g t h e troubled period of recent y e a r s . — (Fides) REV. F R S . DIAS AND LAWR E N C E R E V E R T TO T H E I R RESPECTIVE PARISHES. Rev. F a t h e r Dias of t h e C h u r c h of St. J o s e p h , Singapore, w h o e r changed places for a m o n t h w i t h Rev.. F a t h e r Lawrence of t h e Church of St. P e t e r , Malacca, h a s r e t u r n e d t o Singapore. BISHOP OF KAYING. Mgr. F r a n c i s F o r d , of t h e M a r y knoll F a t h e r s of t h e U.S.A. h a s been a p p o i n t e d Bishop of K a y i n g , China. B I S H O P O F SUCHOW. Mgr. P h i l i p Cote, Canadian J e s u i t , h a s been appointed first Bishop of Suchow, China. P R O P O S E D A.A.~ASSOCIATION. Mr. M a r c u s Rex, acting Chief S e c r e t a r y F.M.S., presided over t h e Malayan A m a t e u r Athletic Association's Championship meeting held a t K u a l a L u m p u r l a s t week end, a n d m a d e some very i m p o r t ant announcements concerning f u t u r e M a l a y a n s p o r t s in h i s address a t t h e close, before calling upon L a d y T h o m a s to d i s t r i b u t e the prizes.

N o t L i k e O t h e r Girls. The lot of the girl who *s " not like other g i r l s " in the fact that she cannot participate in outdoor games because she lacks the strength and energy to da so is indeed hard. When she does overcome her nervous disinclination, and attempts to play, she quickly gets iut of breath, her heart, thumps appallingly, her face becomes flushed and her head dizzy, she feels hot and distressed and soon has to stip, completely exhausted. To such a girl Dr. Williams' Pink Pills—so-called because of their pink sugar coating—give immediate help, containing, as they do, just the elements necessary to build up the blood, to fill it with red corpuscles, to enrich it with energy-producing, brain, nerve and muscle feeding haemoglobin. And persevered with for from 30 to 60 days their beneficent results are astinishing.

FRANCISCAN MISSIONARIES T A K E N BY R E D S F R O M L E P E R ASYLUM IN TIBETAN MARCHES. P e k i n g . — F a t h e r E p i p h a n i u s Peg o r a r o and B r o t h e r Pascal Nadal, t h e t w o F r a n c i s c a n missionaries carried off b y C o m m u n i s t s duringt h e r e c e n t invasion of western Szechwan Province, w e r e , until t h e t i m e of t h e i r c a p t u r e , in c h a r g e of t h e Catholic L e p e r Asylum a t Mosimien n e a r t h e Tibetan border. T h i s a s y l u m which, after Sheklung, is t h e l a r g e s t of t h e five smaller colonies for lepers maintained b y Catholic missionaries in China, h a s 105 i n m a t e s . No f u r t h e r details h a v e been received a b o u t t h e f a t e of t h e two F r a n c i s c a n s , a n d it is believed t h a t t h e y a r e still in t h e h a n d s of t h e Reds. Bishop Louis N . Renault, Vicar Apostolic of Suifu, in t h e same province, u n c e r t a i n of t h e outcome of t h e s t r u g g l e between t h e r e g u l a r troops a n d t h e Red forces, h a s closed his s e m i n a r y and has had t h e s e m i n a r i s t s s e n t to their (Fides). j homes. LONDON P O L I C E G U I L D OBS E R V E COMING-OF-AGE FEAST. After 21 y e a r s of gradual g r o w t h in n u m b e r s , t h e London Police Guild m e t in t h e L a d y Chapel of W e s t m i n s t e r C a t h e d r a l to keep t h e i r coming-of-age feast in Common. DOCTOR T R A V E L S BY AIRP L A N E TO A T T E N D SICK N U N . N a n c h a n g , K i a n g s i . — T h e Chinese a i r w a y s w e r e i n s t r u m e n t a l in saving t h e life of t h e Sister Superior of St. Louis Catholic Hospital h e r e w h e n she w a s t a k e n seriously ill recently. D r . Santelli, e m i n e n t s u r g e o n of S h a n g h a i , responded t o t h e t e l e g r a m of Rev. Paul Monteil, C M . , D i r e c t o r of St. Louis Hospital, by flying t o N a n c h a n g via K i u k i a n g a n d completing in a few h o u r s a j o u r n e y t h a t r e q u i r e s four d a y s b y land.— —(Lumen-Fides.)


MALAYA CATHOLIC L E A D E R , SATURDAY,

SPORTS

t t i

i t i t t i

NOTES

CATHOLICS IN T H E

LIMELIGHT.

( B y O u r Own C o r r e s p o n d e n t . ) SOCCER.

SERVICES

TROUNCE ELEVEN.

Civilian Combination

SINGAPORE

Poor.

The selectors however will not rush into a panic for they will after deliberate consideration come to the conclusion that the substitution of one half and one forward will suffice to restore balance and greater efficiency. Valberg and Hutchison (if fit) could be tried with advantage.

* * * * The Services deieated Singapore at Soccer at ihe Anson Road .btauium on Mr. Lim Yong Liang as Trainer to lueoua-y a n a uiorougniy earneu their Singapore XI. 4-1 victory. Our local staiwarts were It will interest our readers to know unable to ao anything right. Said and the two backs resisted the attack of tne that Mr. Lim Yong Liang, whose name is a household word in local football five opposing forwards and three halves, circles, is the trainer of the Singapore as best they couxd and really cannot be Soccer XI which will meet Selangor at blamed too much for the aefeat. Two K. L. in the final on August 10th. What saves that Said made were gems Of Mr. Lim does not know in the realm of hign merit ana have raised the reputa- football is not worth knowing and he tion of this humble little Malay custo- brings to bear upon his valuable work dian: Both Boon Lay and Rahman an unsurpassed knowledge of the finer though i o n plussed at times had a most points of the game and of true sportsHe was the cleanest of gruelling hour but were not disgraced. manship. j.nese uiree deienders should not be players in his day and possessed martampered with because they took a lot vellous ball control. Every Singaporean of beating. It was the half back trio has entire confidence in the team's that reany fell far below the standard trainer. Mr. Lim Yong Liang is a devout parishioner of the Church of SS. of the Services intermediates. Hay, a Peter and Paul, Queen Street. great spoiler, has yet to learn to feed * * * * his forwards. Where were the glorious St. Patrick's Inter-house Football passes that Rogers and his merry flankCompetition. men provided right throughrthe game? The tfnter House Football 'CompetiSingapore does miss and badly too the sterling half back play of John Then. tion at St. Patricks-by-the-Sea has just The results are as But Hay can only be held responsible been completed. for failing to supply his forwards with follows: DIVISION I. the opportunities that they expected to receive and utilise. Otherwise he must 1st—St. Francis's House Mr. F. Sobrielo. not be called a failure: Chwee Chua was below form and although at times as 2nd—St. Charles's House Mr. A. Nazareth. tricky as ever appeared hardly able to 3rd—St. Jame's House hold Fahy. Taylor was a failure and Mr. F. James. ought to be dropped- One would like 4th—St. Bernard's House to paint a favourable picture of this Mr. B. Nicholas. perfectly good sportsman but justice 5th—St. Arthur's House must be satisfied. The team's skipper Mr. A. Phillips. could not last the pace, and in fairness DIVISION II. to him it must be said that he was put 1st—St. Francis's House Mr. F. Sobrielo. off his game by unfair criticism and unsavoury jibes. Taylor played because 2nd—St. Charles's House Mr. A. Nazareth. he was selected. Surely he should not be made the target for cheap offensive- 3rd—St. Bernard's House Mr. B. Nicholas. ness. We now realise in some measure 4th—St. James's House from the shortcomings of Singapore's Mr. F. James. halves why the forward line proved so 5th—St. Arthur's House utterly innocuous. Mahmood, always a Mr. A. Phillips. potential scorer was rather starved and * * * .< at the end lost position time and again Mr. Hogan As Football Coach. through disgust and dissatisfaction at Mr. J. Hogan, the manager of Fulbeing so badly cold-shouldered. ham Football Club, England, has And now we have to ask our readers accepted his old position as Coach to if they too noticed very queer happen- the Australian National Football Team. ings in the centre and inside left berths of the forward line, who was actually centre forward and who inside left? CRICKET. Keng Hock and Dolfattah were so conS.R.C. Draw with S.C.C. for Third Time stantly altering their positions that one This Season. never knew who was here and who there. When the S.R.C met the S.C.C. in a The interchange, if a part of some special cricket fixture last Friday, Saturday scheme of attack, scarcely bothered the Services' defence because of the palpable and Sunday, time did not permit of a weakness of Dolfattah who was once decision being reached. J. Edwards 20. H. Balhetchet 81. N. more tried out in place of Valberg or Sullivan 27, P. d'Almeida 53, M. Valberg Madon. Dolfattah has been in the past 17, and E. Lemercier 14 were the cona star of the first magnitude, and may tributions of the Catholic members to with practice recover his lost form, but the S.R.C. total of 263 runs in the first he is a shadow of his former self and is innings. Edwards captured 4 for 41, a burden to the other four forwards. Sullivan 2 for 38, D'Almeida 2 for 45, He really should go. Khun Onn should Balhetchet 1 for 17 and Orr 1 for 12 in have performed better. One expected the Europeans' first attempt. M. /Valberg 15, Balhetchet 38, and far more from this ex-Josephian and Sullivan 26 had time to make runs betrusts that he will centre more accuratefore the declaration at 134 for 5 wickets. ly with either footSullivan took 1 wicket for 16 runs in Mat Noor has twice been completely subjugated by the Services but on this the S.C.C.'s second innings. * * * * occasion made greater efforts to beat off Selangor Rangers Defeat Negri the strict policing he was undergoing. Sembilan Club. He played a poor game however, and The Selangor Rangers met and demust learn to overcome difficulties. -Never once did he drop back to help feated the Negri Sembilan Club at the defence that so sorely needed assist- cricket in K. L. on July 29th. Clem de Silva batted well for his 53 but Lawance. When will Noor bring himself Play the perfect inner forward? And rence de Silva was next highest scorer new to Keng Hock, who found the net with only 18. Felix de Silva took 2 wickets for 50 runs. The N.S. Club col.and thus reduced the margin of defeat, lapsed for 65 runs. L. de Silva taking l wo open goals were missed by this 4 for 16, Shepherdson 2 for 25 and C. de usually accurate player, because he would Silva 3 for 9. not take first time the chances he got. * * • rf*** 2 ° l s would have made a world The Stonor Cricket Shield, played for fL 5 , * but they never lourid their billets and we are left to annually in Kuala Lumpur, rests between the Selangor Indians and the ^ourn the defeat. Selangor Rangers. Last week the Selangor Eurasians drew with the anH !? ^ 2 the stubborn H Persistent watch kept on Keng Hock Kilat Club. P. J. Johnson made 27, A. th» -J^gers, who invariably reserves L. de Silva 16, C. R. Martin 26 for the Eurasians. D. E. Martin topscored for charge ° ° ^ the Kilat XI with 23 runs.

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M A L A Y A C A T H O L I C L E A D E R , SATURDAY, 3rd A U G U S T , 1935.

16

General Jottings of the Week. IMPOSING CORPUS CHRISTI PROCESSION A T MIDDLESBOROUGH.

R E P R E S E N T A T I V E S AT EDINBURGH EUCHARISTIC CONGRESS.

35,000 people t o o k p a r t in a p u b lic procession of t h e Blessed S a c r a m e n t in celebration of t h e F e a s t of C o r p u s C h r i s t i in Middlesborough, E n g l a n d . H e a d e d b y a band, a n d e s c o r t e d b y m o u n t e d police t h e p a g e a n t left t h e C a t h e d r a l f o r t h e C o n v e n t . B o y s in r e d s a s h e s , i n f a n t girls, t i n y t o t s w i t h golden, w r e a t h s a n d w h i t e dresses, children from an orphanage in white a n d blue, g i r l s f r o m a Convent in long satin gowns and carrying b a s k e t s of c r e a m r o s e s , m a d e u p t h e first g r o u p s . <Jirls f r o m a n o t h e r Convent carried wheat and grapes. The C h i l d r e n of M a r y came from all t h e p a r i s h e s a n d t h e r e w a s a g r o u p of G o a n s e a m e n from t h e d o c k s . Girl g u i d e s a n d schoolboys m a r c h e d on in seemingly endless numbers. Then came thousands of m e n m a r c h i n g f o u r deep. L o n g lines of surpliced boys a n d m a s s e d c h o i r s heralded t h e approach of t h e Blessed S a c r a m e n t . T h e Bis h o p escorted b y n u m e r o u s p r i e s t s c a r r i e d t h e Sacred H o s t u n d e r a beautiful canopy. T h e women of 1 t h e p a r i s h e s followed after.

A t t h e Edinburgh Eucharistic Congress, E n g l a n d w a s represented by F a t h e r M a r t i n d a l e , S.J. w h o preached. Cadets, marines and " J o b s " of t h e U.S.A. N a v y w h o sailed u p t h e F i r t h in t h e b a t t l e ships A r k a n s a s a n d W y o m i n g to t h e i r first p o r t of call o n a world t o u r , also a t t e n d e d . F a t h e r M a y of Melbourne, A u s t r a l i a , r e p r e sented t h e " N e v e r N e v e r L a n d . " T h e d e m o n s t r a t i o n of m o r e t h a n 5000 Catholic m e n in t h e W a v e r ley M a r k e t on t h e S u n d a y evening of t h e Congress w a s a d e m o n s t r a tion of Catholic manhood which h a s never been equalled in t h e h i s t o r y of^post-Reformation Scotland. Members of t h e noble families rubbed shoulders w i t h t h e t o u g h Clydesiders. S e d a t e b u r g h e r s of E d i n b u r g h s a t side b y side w i t h unemployed m i n e r s . Congress b a d g e s w e r e forbidden except d u r i n g t h e Services a n d meetings. I t w a s mostly t h e older folk—perhaps in w h o m t h e pride of t h e clans still holds s t r o n g e r s w a y — w h o w e r e seen going o u t into t h e streets with the Papal Colours still s h o w i n g in t h e i r coats. I t w a s n o t j u s t forgetfulness. T h e womenfolk, 7,000 in all, held t h e i r own m e e t i n g t h e evening after t h e m e n did. They b r a ved t h e hostile crowds and m a r ched t o t h e rendezvous heroically. A r c h b i s h o p McDonald described t h e situation best w h e n he sa\d to his a u d i e n c e ; "To-day is t h e a n n i v e r s a r y of t h e B a t t l e of Bannockb u r n . Before t h e b a t t l e t h e Scots knelt down t o p r a y : ' S e e / cried t h e E n g l i s h , ' t h e y kneel t o beg f o r mercy.' ' Y e s / replied t h e Scots, t h a t we do, b u t it is n o t from you t h a t w e a s k for m e r c y . " T h e cowardly anti-Catholics were afr a i d t o a t t a c k on t h e m e n ' s n i g h t b u t t h e y chose t h e women's m e e t i n g for t h e i r ignoble a s s a u l t s . "

TWELVE MILLION SUFFERE R S D U E TO C H I N A F L O O D . F r o m N a n k i n g comes a s o b e r r e p o r t t h a t a b o u t 12,000,000 p e r sons a r e suffering from d r o u g h t induced f a m i n e conditions in 8 provinces of C h i n a and h u n d r e d s of t h o u s a n d s h a v e been reduced t o e a t i n g t h e b a r k of t r e e s , roots a n d even clay. H u n a n , Anhwei a n d H u p e h provinces a r e t h e m o s t a c u t e sufferers. EARTHQUAKE DAMAGES MISSION P R O P E R T Y IN FORMOSA. T h e e a r t h q u a k e of April on t h e island of F o r m o s a killed 3,152 inh a b i t a n t s a n d m a d e 250,000 h o m e less. Great d a m a g e to t h e Catholic missions of F o r m o s a w a s done. Catholic p r i e s t s h a v e been w o r k i n g t h e r e since 1859 ( t h e D u t c h d r o v e t h e m out in t h e 1 7 t h C e n t u r y ) . T h e r e is a Catholic population of 7,000 a t p r e s e n t . E n t r u s t e d t o t h e Dominions is t h e mission w i t h 12 c h u r c h e s , 36 chapefc, 22 schools, a t r a i n i n g school for t e a c h e r s , a medical d i s p e n s a r y ^ a p r i n t i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t , college for girls a n d an orphan asylum. STUDENTS OF PROPAGANDA COLLEGE ORDAINED. Nine nations were represented b y t h e 22 newly ordained s t u d e n t s of P r o p a g a n d a College received in Special Audience b y t h e Holy F a t h e r last m o n t h . T h e r e w e r e 6 Chinese, 5 I n d i a n s , 2 N e w Z e a l a n d e r s , 1 J a p a n e s e , 1 Yugo Slav, 3 A u s t r a l i a n s , 1 Dane, 1 D u t c h m a n and 2 A n n a m i t e s . ENGLAND

W I N S DAVIS

CUP.

E n g l a n d h a s won t h e Davis C u p . Congratulations. G. P . H u g h e s , w h o w i t h T u c k e y , defeated t h a t m o s t formidable pair—Allison a n d V a n R y n of A m e r i c a — i s a C a t h o lic. He h a s represented England in t h e Doubles for t h r e e y e a r s now.

A BOOK T H A T E V E R Y CATHOLIC < SHOULD READ. " I t is o u r d u t y " , s a y s t h e U n i verse of London " t o recommend t o t h e C h r i s t i a n public a v e r y notable book w h i c h h a s been p u b lished by t h e B r u c e Publishing Co. of Milwaukee. U.S.A. I t is sold in E n g l a n d b y M e s s r s . Coldwell (17 R e d Lion P a s s a g e , London, W . C 1) a t 13s. T h e r e should be no Catholic l i b r a r y w i t h o u t this book. The a u t h o r is Bishop F r a n c i s Kelley, D.D., L.L.D., a prelate of g r e a t diplomatic experience a n d outstanding literary ability. " B l o o d - D r e n c h e d A l t a r s " as t h e volume is called tells t h e s t o r y of Mexico f r o m t h e b e g i n n i n g of t h e Country's history. We suggest t h a t e v e r y Catholic should t r y t o read t h i s book." ENGLISH

PILGRIMAGE LOURDES.

TO

The l a r g e s t E n g l i s h pilgrimage to Lourdes t h i s y e a r left Liverpool on July 9 t h . I t w a s led by Bishop Dobson, U . G. and consisted of 50 p r i e s t s , 120 sick, including 25 s t r e t c h e r cases, and more t h a n 800 pilgrims in all.

is the time to lay the foundation of Baby's future health —on Cow & Gate he will grow to strong and healthy manhood ! Cow & Gate builds bone, flesh and tissue in correct and normal proportions. !: is a complete Food —rich in Vitamin D." 44

COW & GATE MILK FOOD THE

BEST M I L K FOR B A B I E S W H E N N A T U R A L F E E D I N G FAILS

Agents for South Malaya, B.N. Borneo & Sarawak:

55,

J A C K S O N & CO., L T D . , Robinson Road, S i n g a p o r e .

HECKLERS EJECTED FROM SERVICE IN ROCHESTER CATHEDRAL.

B I S H O P R O B E R T S A N D MRS ROBERTS PAY LAST RESP E C T S TO MGR. BARILLON

About 200 Anglicans a t t e n d e d Service in R o c h e s t e r C a t h e d r a l lately in honour of St. J o h n Fisher. Lord Halifax, Minister for W a r , g a v e an oration. D u r i n g t h e p r o ceedings a m e m b e r of t h e P r o t e s t a n t T r u t h Society stood up in t h e n a v e and declared t h a t F i s h e r w a s a t r a i t o r . He s t a t e d t h a t it w a s a shame for t h e S e c r e t a r y of S t a t e for W a r t o be t h e r e t h / i t n i g h t defending a t r a i t o r . T h e Anglican Bishop of R o c h e s t e r sternly told t h e i n t e r r u p t e r to b e silent b u t t h e l a t t e r refused t o leave until t h e police w e r e called. A n o t h e r m e m b e r of t h e P . T . S . alsp rose and shouted, "How can F i s h e r be called a C h r i s t i a n w h e n h e invited Spanish a r m i e s to inv a d e this c o u n t r y ? I a m h e r e t o p r o t e s t . " His p r o t e s t w a s d r o w n ed in t h e singing of a h y m n .

T h e l a t e Bishop Barillon's many friends will a p p r e c i a t e t h e kindness of Bishop a n d M r s . Roberts, of t h e Anglican E s t a b l i s h m e n t , who v e r y t h o u g h t f u l l y sent a beautiful w r e a t h for t h e funeral. Such l a r g e h e a r t e d n e s s is always v e r y m u c h a p p r e c i a t e d and respected. T h e P r o t e s t a n t Bishop and h i s wife can r e s t assured of our g r a t i t u d e .

SON OF MR. & M R S . F R E Y A R R I V E S FROM S W I T Z E R L A N D . Rendi F r e y , eldest son of M r . a n d Mrs. F r e y of E a s t Coast R o a d arrived on S u n d a y by t h e I t a l i a n liner from Switzerland w h e r e h e h a s been r e s i d i n g w i t h his g r a n d parents. Y o u n g F r e y is looking v e r y fit and a l t h o u g h only 14 y e a r s of age is q u i t e big a n d s t r o n g . Needless to s a y his p a r e n t s a r e overjoyed to h a v e h i m w i t h t h e m a f t e r such a long period of s e p a r a tion. CORPUS C H R I S T I A T L I V E R POOL. A t Liverpool 20,000 people a s sembled for t h e Corpus C h r i s t i procession. R a i n fell in t h e m o r n ing but t h e s u n shone brilliantly during t h e service. One h u n d r e d priests walked before t h e Blessed Sacrament and six p r i e s t s c a r r i e d t h e canopy u n d e r which A r c h bishop Downey bore t h e Sacred Host. REMARKABLE EUCHARISTIC CLOCK.

A r e m a r k a b l e E u c h a r i s t i c clock h a s been p r e s e n t e d to t h e P o p e by a Viennese lady. I t is 2 feet h i g h and in t h e f o r m of a world m a p : It is o r n a m e n t e d w i t h 2 angels b e a r i n g an inscription, and r e p r e s e n t s all t h e p a r t s of t h e world in which each 24 j h o u r s t h e Holy Sacrifice is offered daily.

F R E N C H TENNIS'STAR PASSES THROUGH TO JAVA. H e n r i Cochet, one of t h e greate s t L a w n Tennis p l a y e r s France ever produced, who is now a p r o fessional w a s n o t p e r m i t t e d t o meet the Singapore amateurs. This deprived h i s Singapore adm i r e r s of t h e pleasure of watching t h i s g r e a t m a s t e r . Cochet is now in J a v a on a t e n n i s t o u r where his success is a s s u r e d . How narrow t h e r u l e s g o v e r n i n g A m a t e u r Sport can b e h a s been proved over and over a g a i n b u t no c h a n g e in them h a s y e t been a t t e m p t e d . Cochet is accompanied by his wife. SON O F N O T E D A R T I S T DISAPPEARS MYSTERIOUSLY. Mr. H e n r y J o h n son of Mr.. A u g u s t u s J o h n , t h e famous artist, h a s d i s a p p e a r e d while staying w i t b a n a u n t in Cornwall. His car was found in a lane, and his dog on a cliff edge. I t is t h o u g h t t h a t h e w e n t for a b a t h e a n d was swept a w a y by t h e s t r o n g sea. Mr. J o h n , w h o is 28, entered the Society of J e s u s , a n d studied at Oxford. H e t o o k h i s degree a f t e r t h r e e y e a r s , b u t decided he had no vocation to t h e priesthood and left t h e Society. CARD. F A U L H A B E R ' S SHREWD R E P L Y TO N A Z I POLICE. Cardinal F a u l h a b e r of Munich pronounced a v e r y n e a t r e t o r t to t h e Secret Police authorities of Munich, w h e n in t h e i r solicitude for religion t h e y recommended His E m i n e n c e t o a b a n d o n t h e immemorial Corpus C h r i s t i procession t h i s y e a r so a s t o avoid trouble w i t h t h e P r o t e s t a n t s and Commun i s t s . T h e Cardinal replied t h a t he w a s in perfect understanding w i t h t h e P r o t e s t a n t Church a u t h o rities, and t h a t t h e S t a t e no doubt would be able to protect t h e Catholic population from t h e Communists.


M A L A Y A C A T H O L I C L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 3rd A U G U S T , 1935.

M h

The Lack of Honour Our Serial Story <THIRD INSTALMENT)

"I always t h o u g h t it would b e dreadfully solemn, but-it i s n ' t , " Honor's soft alto voice c a m e b a c k to Anna. " I suppose it's because it's you." ''Because i t ' s — H o n o r for p i t y ' s sake! C a n ' t you see I m e a n i t ? Why should I b e ridiculous t o you ? Forget t h a t we g r e w up t o g e t h e r ? no, don't f o r g e t m o u s e y little g i r l hood. B u t t h i n k of m e a s a m a n , as your lover, n o t a s Wally t h e little boy," Wally cried f e r v e n t l y . "Oh, Wally, dear, t h a t ' s w h a t I can't do, "said Honor. "Of course I don't t h i n k of you a s little boy, but n e i t h e r can I q u i t e t h i n k of you as a m a n , a n d not a t all a s — a s the o t h e r . " "Your l o v e r ? B u t t h a t ' s w h a t I am, every pulse of me, every inch of m e ! T h a t ' s w h a t I've been ever since vou c a m e back t h i s t i m e , what shall I be till I d i e ! " Wally's s h a k y voice f r i g h t e n e d Anna. S h e listened dismayed, dreading t h e effect of t h i s s t r o n g emotion upon inexperienced little Honor. "Oh, Wally, no, you w o n ' t ! " t h e girl replied. " I t ' s only because we're all so y o u n g a n d I'm a b o u t all t h e t i m e . I m a g i n e a girl n o t yet g r a d u a t e d , w i t h a lover, a n d t h a t lover her almost-brother!. W e ' r e b o t h too y o u n g to do m o r e than dream of t h e s e things, Wally. You'll g e t all r i g h t a g a i n after I ' v e g o n e back. A b o u t t h e s u m m e r a f t e r n e x t , or t h e one a f t e r that, you'll show m e t h e p i c t u r e of t h e one g r i l ! ' I c a n ' t help t h i n k i n g i t ^ a l i t t l e funny, Wally dear, b u t yoii m u s t n ' t be h u r t . You k n o w I always a m inclined t o t h i n k things a r e a ltitle b i t funny. I'm glad t h a t I a m . I t doesn't do t o take t h i n g s seriously. You m u s t n ' t be so serious now. You're not r e ally in love w i t h m e . I ' m nobody but y o u r p l a y m a t e Honor. Just irragine t a k i n g t h i s seriously, a boy of n o t t w e n t y , w i t h all his w a y to m a k e in t h e w o r l d ! " "You a r e nobody b u t H o n o r ; that's t r u e , a n d nobody is anybody, but Honor," Wally's voice took on such a n o t e of seriousness t h a t Anna marveled. "If you t h i n k t h i s is a boy's folly, you a r e q u i t e wrong. I ' m y o u n g , b u t I don't believe older people can feel a s keenly as we do. Goethe said t h e first love w a s t h e best. A s t o m a k i n g 5p way, Honor, you k n o w t h a t Bob and I a r e going into t h e e m ploy of f a t h e r ' s cousin t h i s fall a n d

t h a t we a r e b o t h to h a v e positions of t r u s t . I'm t o handle l a r g e s u m s of money a n d in a y e a r ' s t i m e I shall h a v e t h e sort of s a l a r y t h o s e positions command. I h a v e a r i g h t to a s k you t o be e n g a g e d t o m e . ' "No, Wally, you h a v e n ' t . I'm going back to t h e convent t o g r a d u a t e — t h e c o n v e n t ! " H o n o r int e r r u p t e d herself. "All s o r t s of girls, P r o t e s t a n t s a n d J e w s and girls of no faith go t o convent schools, b u t do you realize t h a t I a m a C a t h o l i c ? A s t r o n g one. W h a t do you suppose y o u r m o t h e r would s a y t o a Catholic d a u g h t e r ? Wally, if I w a n t e d t o listen t o w h a t you tell me-and I d o n ' t - i t would be all w r o n g . So be m y old c h u m OUR When

LADY first

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still

midnight hour, The Holy Spirit, as the Maid replied Consenting, full of grace yet all -untried, Softly He came as dew falls on a flower. •But now jcith rushing wind He comes in \ power, Shaking the house. His mighty flames divide To touch ber^ brow and fill her heart grown wide And deep with anguish borne. New grace her dowtr. > »

For a new task is hers, not one fair Son To bear and cherish, but her Sons young Bride, His infant Church through earliest days to guide, Mould to His Will and love as He has done. That Church, mature in growth, a debt repays When

of its Mother-Queen

it sings

the

praise.

E. M. P.

again a n d p u t t h i s love for me, t h i s k i n d of love for me, entirely out of m i n d . "Do you suppose I d give you up for all t h e m o t h e r s in t h e w o r l d ? " demanded Wally. " I would give you u p for one, for y o u r m o t h e r , " said H o n o r . "If I were t o h a v e h e r c a r e a n d s h e l t e r all t h e s e y e a r s a n d t h e n stole you, I o u g h t n o t to be called ' H o n o r ! B u t if e v e r I m a r r y , Wally it m u s t be a C a t h o l i c ' " "I'd j u s t a s soon be a Catholic," cried Wally eagerly. " I always h a t e d all m o t h e r ' s c h u r c h b u s i n e s s ; you k n o w t h a t C h u r c h wouldn,t b o t h e r m e , b u t I believe I do like y o u r s b e s t of t h e lot." Honor laughed out r i g h t . "Such a hopeful c o n v e r t ! " s h e cried. Oh, Wally, do be sensible! Y o u ' r e so h o r r i b l y m a n l y w h e n you t r y t o

Telephone No. 7843.

THE VICTORIA CONFECTIONERY & STORE 71, Victoria Street, SINGAPORE. Wedding Cakes a Speciality Assorted Cakes Maker, Tea Party Supplier, Hot and Cold Drinks, etc.

HERE «> T H E R E

J O S E P H CHONG S I N TONG

VAIN REGRETS.

THE P R I E S T S BLESSING.

The following s t o r y related b y Monsignor Weld, m a y help u s t o realise m o r e t h a n m a n y of u s do, t h e grace a t t a c h e d to a p r i e s t ' s blessing. "A good old n u n , " he tells u s . "in a convent n e a r my place, w o r n out by a g e and toil, w a s t a k e n t o t h e infirmary. E v e r y n i g h t I w e n t to say a few w o r d s t o h e r and g i v e h e r my blessing. On one occasion I had to go to L u l w o r t h Castle, a t which s h e w a s sorely d i s t r e s s e d . ' W h a t shall I do w i t h o u t t h e b l e s s ing ' s h e exclaimed. So I s a i d I would give it t o h e r all t h e s a m e ; t h a t w i t h God t h e r e is no space o r distance, and t h e n I took leave of her. "It was the custom at the Castle to pay a visit t o t h e Blessed S a c r a ment between t h e first and s e c o f d bells for dinner, a n d it w a s d u r i n g t h a t visit t h a t I usually fulfilled m y promise t o S i s t e r N — , a n d sent h e r my blessing. " B u t one d a y I w a s out late, h a d only j u s t t i m e t o p r e p a r e for dinner before t h e second bell r a n g , and so I o m i t t e d t h e v i s i t ; f o r g o t to bless t h e old nun, and only r e m e m b e r e d it j u s t before g e t t i n g into bed. T h e n I collected m y t h o u g h t s and g a v e h e r t h e blessing. At t h a t v e r y time, t h e S i s t e r who waited o n h e r h e a r d h e r m o v ing, and going to h e r bedside, a s k ed if s h e w a n t e d a n y t h i n g . ' N o , ' she replied, ' i t is only t h e F a t h e r ' s good angel b r i n g i n g m e his b l e s s ing.'" Monsignor Weld's anecdotes were not, however, always wholly spiritual, as w i t n e s s t h e following story of Cardinal Wiseman, told

Do not cry over spilt milk. Do not dwell on the faults and mistakes of the past. Leave them alone; leave them to God. As soon as possible make an Act of Contrition and never think of them again. Often the despondence caused by sin is more wrong:, and keeps one away from God more than the sin itself. Don't waste time being discouraged. Get up and go to God. Draw near to Him. Do not stand back, hanging your head. Some people always have one eye on the past and the other on the future, instead of both on the present. Don't waste time deploring the past and being apprehensive of the future. Grace will be given to meet each day the difficulties of that day. There are very few people who would not be good at their own job if they would only develop the power of concentration. It is this incessant worry over past and future ihat prevents the concentration. Leave the future in GodV, Hands. Think of God in goodness. Have a good opinion of God. God loves us to think well of Him, to trust Him, to think lovingly of Him. Do not think God does not forgive easily. The more intimate a human friendship the less nervous one is of a chance word offending a friend. Friends are not lost forever by some little word or act displeasing them. Above all, remember that in darkness, gloom, dejection or depression God does not dwell. Do not even make acts of sorrow, if that depresses; make acts of love. Depression never comes from God; neither does any thought which makes His service difficult. Have always the highest opinion of Our Lord

talk a b o u t loving me, and so b o y i s h about a t h i n g of so much m o r e i m portance as religion i s ! Come, Wally I'm g o i n g back. Y o u g o back, too, b a c k to m y old-time comrade." "I'll n e v e r give up, H o n o r , never," declared Wally. "I'll m a r r y you, if I h a v e to wait till I ' m eighty-or c a r r y you off by force a y e a r from n o w . " A n n a h e a r d no m o r e ; she t u r n e d and h a s t e n e d lightly away in advance of t h e i r coming. B u t t h e r e could n o t h a v e been much m o r e , t o hear, for s h e had not been t e n m i n u t e s in t h e house w h e n s h e heard H o n o r ' s exquisite voice s i n g ing, half sadly, half h u m o r o u s l y : "Plaisir d a m o u r ne dure q u ' u n moment, C h a g r i n d'amour d u r e t o u t e la v i e . " T h e pleasure of love l a s t s b u t for a m o m e n t , t h e pangs of love last t h r o u g h life. A n n a s o u g h t her m o t h e r t h a t night and poured out t o h e r t h e story of w h a t she had suspected and t h e n o v e r h e a r d . I t did n o t occur t o e i t h e r of t h e m t h a t t h e r e was a n y disgrace in such " o v e r hearing." Mrs. Griscom was as m u c h disturbed as A n n a had foreseen h e r being. She seems to have a n s w e r e d quite properly, Anna, but t h e r e ' s no telling w h a t m a y come of it. Wally is so handsome, has s u c h a way w i t h h i m t h a t Honor p r o b a bly will g r o w t o be fonder a n d fonder of h i m . How could s h e help it. seeing no one else? D i d n ' t you notice t h a t s h e didn't tell h i m she w a s n ' t fond of h i m ? I t h i n k she h a d b e t t e r not come h e r e a t Christmas, and another spring,

a f t e r s h e g r a d u a t e s , s h e m u s t be s e n t for a s u m m e r s o m e w h e r e else. I shall tell y o u r f a t h e r t h a t w h e n H o n o r is g r a d u a t e d o u r d u t y to h e r is done a n d she m u s t leave u s . A Catholic! One of m y sons m a r r i e d t o a Catholic! I w i t h Catholic g r a n d c h i l d r e n , if t h e r e w e r e childr e n ! F o r Honor would insist on h e r children being Catholics. S h e m u s t certainly g o a w a y . A n d we m u s t all do o u r b e s t t o i n t e r e s t Wally in o t h e r t h i n g s t h i s w i n t e r . I m u s t see to i t t h a t h e m e e t s c h a r m i n g girls. Oh, A n n a , if only you d i d n ' t w a n t t o be m a r r i e d a n d go a w a y before C h r i s t m a s ! A d a u g h t e r can be such a help t o a m o t h e r g e t t i n g girls t o t h e h o u s e ! I m u s t speak to R o b e r t . I ' m g o i n g to tell a b o u t it. I t really s e e m s a s t h o u g h you could do b e t t e r missionary work right here, m y dear!" Mrs. Griscom told h e r plaintive t a l e t o Robert. S h e w a s n o t p r e p a r e d for its effect. H e listened w i t h h i s face p u r p l i n g red, h i s eyes black w i t h w r a t h . T h e n h e s t r o d e u p a n d down t h e r o o m . "Merciful powers, m o t h e r , you don't seem t o s e e one point of t h e all-round m e a n n e s s ! A n n a e a v e s d r o p p i n g and you upholding h e r in it! Wally*, Wally, m y y o u n g e r b r o t h e r , t a k i n g a d v a n t a g e of a n inexperienced girl, a n i n m a t e of the house her father intrusted her to, t h e w a r d of W a l l y ' s f a t h e r , t r y ing t o m a k e t h e child care for h i m , win h e r p r o m i s e t o s o m e t h i n g s h e could n o t in t h e least realize w h a t ! M o t h e r , do you see don't you see t h a t A n n a and Wally a r e d e s t i t u t e of h o n o u r ? A C a t h o l i c ! Object t o a g i r l ' s religion, y e t spy uonn h e r . try to entrap her! It doesn't

m

Proprietor

17

on one occasion b y t h e Monsignor T h e Cardinal h a d been appealed t o by a c e r t a i n Bishop, a g r e a t friend of his, for points on which t o b a s e a discourse on " T h e T h r e e Hour^s A g o n y " one Good F r i d a y , t o w h i c h t h e Cardinal w r o t e b a c k : " P r e a c h yourself, and by t h e t i m e you h a v e finished, I have no doubt t h e people will have h a d t h r e e h o u r s ' agony."

| | j

|

(Continued

on page 19 Col. 3 & 4 )

I


18

AROUND SINGAPORE,

THE PENANG,

PARISHES

KUALA LUMPUR, 1POH.

SINGAPORE

unapproachable excellence. Thus in to touch Me with your hands ? Do you Architecture, Michael Angelo is consi- I wish to speak to Me words of consolat dered the acme of perfection. Shake- ticn? Go, seek the poor and the naked, St. Joseph's Church speare is considered the most perfect the sick and the afflicted and the heartBaptism. exponent of dramatic art. In painting, broken, and in them, you will find Me? Raphael, in Music, Beethoven approached for, whatsoever, you do unto them, you 2 8 t h July. Joyce Juliana Victoas near as men can hope to go to absolute do unto Me." Thus, did Our Lord rina Lewis, born on t h e 9th perfection. Joubert in one of his pre- indentify Himself with the poor. gnant phrases, calls St. Theresa, the' And so with the eyes of Faith, do we J u l y , d a u g h t e r of J o h n A n s e l "Sappho of Devotion." Charity likewise, recognise Christ in His poor. Therem u s L e w i s a n d of E v a I r e n e has its perfect embodiment, its Michael fore, it follows that the man who thus Lewis. God-parents:—AloyAngelo, its Sappho in the person of St. sees God in the poor, who looks upon sius J o h n M o n t e i r o a n d J u l i e Vincent de Paul, the Patron of our them with the eyes of faith, that man Pereira. Society, whose feast we celebrate to-day. will approach them with tenderness and His long life of 80 years was the con- reverence, that he will consult their Marriage. . stant exemplification of heroic charity. feelings, that he will seek to console 31st July. John Aloysius Tan The title of to-day's paper, therefore is the heart while he revives the body, M e n g O n g , son of T a n T o h appropriate and in keeping with the while he puts meat and drink before the S i o n g a n d of L i o n g H u a S n g occasion. sick and poor man, he will not put away . to Miss D o r o t h y Lee Poh Lan, We propose, therefore in approaching from his heart the source of his comfort. How does Hope enter into these conthis great subject, to put before you a d a u g h t e r of L e e Choon G u a n What are our hopes? text of Scripture, which you all no doubt siderations? a n d of F a n n I n n N e o . Withave read, viz:—"Blessed is the man Every man has his hopes. Every man nesses :—Pedro Ong Wee that understandeth concerning the needy hopes to attain some position in this Hock and M a r y L a m . and the poor." There seems to be so world and gain a certain happiness, but little mystery about them; we meet our principal hope is to attain Heaven, X them everywhere; they force the sight and be happy forever in the contempS T . J O S E P H ' S I N S T I T U T I O N . T of their misery before our eyes. What lation of God. Although our Lord has mystery, then is there in thq needy and premised this, and our hope is built on the poor? What is the mystery, which the fidelity with which He meets His R E G I S T R A T I O N O F N E W B O Y S is hidden in the needy and the poor, and word, no man can expect the reward F O R 1936. in which we will be pronounced "blessed" unless He complies with the conditions if w e can only understand it, and like He has attached to His promises of glory. If we look up the Scriptures, R e g i s t r a t i o n f o r t h e a d m i s s i o n true men act upon that understanding. The Conference welcomes this opport- we will find numerous passages of Our of n e w b o y s i n 1936 will b e g i n a t unity, to congratulate you, first, that Lord's sayings, which show clearly how St. J o s e p h ' s I n s t i t u t i o n in S e p t e m - whether you understand this mystery largely the poor and the aflicted enter b e r , 1935, a f t e r t h e r e - o p e n i n g of or not, your membership of this Society into these conditions. "Behold these, to and your "presence here this morning these did you refuse your mercy, your t h e classes. attest that you wish to act upon it; pity your charity; and I swear to you, Rev. B r o . Director. that yours are the instincts of Christian that as I am God, in the day that you Charity, that the poor and the needy refused to comfort, and, to. succour, and have only to lay their claims before you, to console them, you refused to do it you are ready, in the compassion and unto Me. Therefore, there is no Heaven OBITUARY. tenderness of the heart, which is the for you." The golden key that opens M a d a m Cecilia H e n g S i a n g Boon, inheritance of the children of Christ, to the gate to Heaven is the key of mercy. It follows; that if we hope to obtain a pious, p o p u l a r a n d h a r d w o r k i n g fill their hands. It will interest you, therefore, to mercy and^ittain Heaven, we have to be c o m m i t t e e m e m b e r of t h e W o m e n ' s be led into a consideration of this merciful. Our Lord has said, "As often Section of t h e C h i n e s e Catholic mystery. The Apostle, S t Paul, in as you are merciful to the poor, you A c t i o n , p a s s e d a w a y peacefully a t writing to his recently converted Chris- are merciful to Me." Who, therefore, believing in these h e r residence a t 10 R e c r e a t i o n tians lays down this great rule for R o a d o n t h e 2 9 t h of J u l y . A Re- them:—That for the Christian, there things, does not recognise Christ in His are three virtues which form the very poor, and so succour them with venerq u i e m H i g h M a s s w a s s u n g for t h e essence of his Christianity; and these ation; who does not see that his hope repose of h e r soul t h e n e x t d a y ; are, not the virtues of prudence, nor is built upon the relations which are estaa n d R e v . F a t h e r B e c h e r a s officiat- of justice, nor of high-mindedness, nor of blished between Him and the poor of ed a t a b u r i a l service, b o t h in t h e nobleness, nor of fortitude—but they God. Thus out of this faith, and out are the supernatural virtues of Faith, of this hope springs the charity, with Church and at the C e m e t e r y . Hope and Love. "Now, there remain which we must relieve them. This is M e m b e r s of t h e C C A . a r e a s k e d to you," he says, "Faith, Hope and the Catholic idea of Charity. It is not Charity, and the greatest of these is a mere temporary flash of enthusiasm: t o p r a y for h e r d e p a r t e d soul. R. I . P . Charity." The life of the Christian, there- ! it is not the mere passing feeling of fore, must be the life of the believer—a benevolence that influences the Catholic "man of Faith." It must be a hopeful Church; but, it is these principles of life, a life that looks beyond the horizon Christian faith, recognising who and of the present time to the far-stretching what we are, and our Christian hope, eternity that goes beyond it, but most building up all the conditions of its of all it must be a life of Divine Love. future glory upon this foundation. And, These are the three elements of the nowhere, but in the Catholic Church is this Charity beautifully organized. Christian. What is Faith? Faith is an act of What better examples of organized human intelligence looking up for the charity can we have than our own Conlight that comes from the eternal vent here, our Brothers' Schools. In Wisdom of God. Recognising God in other countries—in India and Burma, that light, Faith catches a gleam of there are the Sisters of Mercy who care Him, and rejoices in its knowledge. for the sick; the Little Sisters of the Hope is an act of the will, striving after Poor, who look after the aged and the God, clinging to His promises, and try- infirm. In China, the Sisters of Charity. ing, by realising the conditions, to And, throughout the world, there are realise the glory, which is the burden the Conferences of the Society of St. of the promise to come. Charity alone Vincent de Paul. Each and every one succeeds in laying hold of God. The of these Conferences are faithfully God, whom Faith catches a gleam of, j adhering to these principles, from which the God, whom Hope strives after, spring the true spirit behind the work Charity seized and makes its own. of the Society of St. Vincent de Paul, When the veil shall fall and we, shall of which we are members, and the mite see Him in Heaven, there shall be no j that we give to-day, shall return to us more Faith. It shall be absorbed in 1 one day in the form of a crown of glory, vision. When that for which we strive j which will one day be set upon our after shall be given to us there shall I ! * throne of God, by the e a d s

Mr. & Mrs. Bong Nyan Shoon, who were married o n 20th July, at the Church of the Sacred Heart, S'pore.

PENANG SOCIETY OF ST. VINCENT DE PAUL. Conference of The Assumption "CATHOLIC CHARITY"' By the Hon. Secy. It is remarkable how in every line of human activity a continued progress is noted, until the very perfection of achievement seems to be concentrated, and as it were, personified in some one individual. 'That person becomes the very essence and embodiment of his special art or achievement, and is looked up to by his successors as a model of

in fruition. But the Charity, that seizes upon God to-day shall hold for all eter nity. Charity, alone shall remain the very life of the elect of God. Therefore, the greatest of these is Charity. These being the three virtues that belong to the Christian character, let us see how far the mystery concerning the needy and the poor enters into these considerations of Faith, Hope * and Charity. Faith is the virtue by which we catch a gleam of God. Do we catch a gleam of Him in His poor? The poor of God —the afflicted, the sick~ ancTthe "heart" broken—represent Our Lord' upon tKis earth. Our Lord declared He would remain upon this earth and would never leave it.- "Behold," He says, "I am with you all days unto the consummation of the world." To identify Himself with His Poor until the end of time, He says. "Do you wish to find me? Do you wish

b e f o r e

t

h

t h e c o n t r a c t i n g p a r t i e s b e i n g Mr. P h i l i p Liao C h a o Lim, 3 r d son of M r . & M r s . L i a o N u m Mow and M i s s Cecilia Kok S a t Moi, eldest d a u g h t e r of M r . and t h e late M r s . Kok C h o o n g Sun. T h e B r i d a l couple belong t o wellk n o w n families in Kuala L u m p u r . M r . P h i l i p L i a o Chao L i m who h a d h a d h i s e a r l y studies in t h e Gov e r n m e n t E n g l i s h School a n d t h e S h u n g W a h C h i n e s e School, Kuala K a n g s a r , h a s t h e D e g r e e of B.A. f r o m a u n i v e r s i t y in C h i n a a n d is in b u s i n e s s a t S i n g a p o r e . M i s s Cecilia K o k Sat Moi is t h e principal of t h e Pitchee Girls School, P u d u , a n d of h e r m a n y brot h e r s , t h e m o s t popular a r e 0 . Y. Kok, t h e f a m o u s P r e s s P h o t o g r a p h e r a n d M r . Kok C h i n Yin, B a r r i s t e r - a t - L a w and a practising m e m b e r a t t h e F.M.S. B a r .

I POH FOR CHRIST'S POOR. A n appeal, embodied in a pamp h l e t , h a s b e e n s e n t o u t by t h e Catholic A c t i o n Society t o m e m b e r s of t h e p a r i s h for c o n t r i b u t i o n s t o w a r d s t h e relief of t h e poor. R e v . F a t h e r F o u r g s m a d e refere n c e t o t h e a p p e a l in C h u r c h on S u n d a y , s t r o n g l y s u p p o r t i n g it and a s k i n g t h e p a r i s h i o n e r s t o do w h a t t h e y c a n in a i d of t h e poor. Though Catholics h e r e have s h o w n g e n e r o s i t y in supporting unemployment and o t h e r relief f u n d s in g e n e r a l , n o t h i n g h a s been d o n e in t h e p a s t for t h e poor of t h e i r own p a r i s h . This p r o j e c t of the Catholic A c t i o n Society is h i g h l y t o be c o m m e n d e d i n a s m u c h a s , b e s i d e s m e e t i n g t h o u g h in a v e r y small w a y t h e w a n t of a St. Vincent de Paul Society in t h e p a r i s h , i t p r e p a r e s t h e w a y for a c o n f e r e n c e of t h a t c h a r i t a b l e Soc i e t y t o b e f o r m e d in t h e n e a r future. I t h a s t a k e n t h e Society half a y e a r t o l a u n c h t h e project. I t is h o p e d t h a t it will be a g r e a t success from t h e beginning. Though t h e appeal w a s s e n t out a few d a y s a g o , t h e r e s p o n s e so f a r h a s been encouraging—several having sent in p r o m i s e s of fairly s u b s t a n t i a l monthly contributions.

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BAPTISMS. Rev. F r . F o u r g s b a p t i s e d t h e following c h i l d r e n on Saturday evening : W a n L a i Choon ( 1 5 ) — J o h n . Wan Kank Ching (13)—Mary Macrdalen. Yau Pak Yoong (14)—Anthony. Lim Ah Fook (12)—Paul. L i m A h Min ( 1 0 ) — P e t e r .

e

day we may be able to exclaim, "Oh, Lord, of all the beauties of God, it is true, the greatest of these is Charitv."

KUALA LUMPUR MILITARY MEDAL FOR FR. PERRISSOUD. W e c o n g r a t u l a t e h e a r t i l y Rev. F r . P . D. P e r r i s s o u d on h i s b e i n g in F r a n c e w i t h the | decorated £ Medaille M i l i t a i r e " in recognition I of h i s brilliant conduct d u r i n g t h e \ Great War. MARRIAGE. LIAO-KOK. T h e m a r r i a g e w a s solemnized at t h e C h u r c h of t h e Holy R o s a r y , on 1st A u g u s t 1935, K u a l a L u m p u r .

CYMA the Countries. WATCHES and CHRONOMETERS acknowledged the BEST in all Agent:

RENE ULLMANN, SINGAPORE.


MALAYA CATHOLIC SPORTS N E W S . (Continued from page 15) ST. JOSEPH'S SECURE SECOND PLACE IN TWO RELAY RACES. St. Joseph's Institution won 2nd place in the Inter School Relay Race at the Raffles College Sports on Saturday. They gave the winners a very hard fight. Low Kee Pow, champion of St. Joseph's in 1933, won the championship title again—the second time. Colin Deans won the obstacle Race with Louis Hon next. Miss Molly Richards was first in the Egg- and Spoon Race for Women. Paul Cheng was 2nd in the 100 yards. R. Hoffman was 2nd in the Long Jump and 1st in the Cricket Ball Throw. Miss M. Richards and Miss E. da Silva were 1st and 2nd in the Women's 75 yards Race. Miss E. da Silva and A. Machado won the Thread and Needle Race. Miss E. Norris and Low Kee Pow were second. In the Relay Race open to Schools and Clubs at the Medical College St>orts on Saturday St. Joseph's Institution emerged as one of the runners up, tieing with the P.W.D. * * * * * " ATHLETICS. SWEENEY WINS 100 YARDS DASH FOR BRITAIN. Sweeney, of Britain, won the 100 yards dash for Britain in 10 2/10 sees, at the White City, London, on July 14th in the A.A.A. championships. Paul, of France, secured the Long Jump with 23 ft. 10 % ins. * * * * * BOXING. Battling Guillermo beat Neil Hemchit on points over 12 rounds at Ipoh, on July 26th at the Jubilee Park Stadium.

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Jack McAvoy, the Catholic holder of the middleweight boxing championship of England, defeated Al Burke of London quite recently on points.

St. Joseph's Inter-School Relay Team which won The Shield At The A.C.C.S. • Sports.

PENSIONNAT NOTRE DAME. (Continued from page 12) courage is never lacking in the ardour of the Sisters of the Order, and the brave love of the Mother Visitor; and the deep affection in which she is held not only by the old pupils but by all sections of the public in Malaya has enabled her to achieve what would have been an impossible task to one less popular or less undaunted. The aim of the Sisters is to impart secular education, based on Christian doctrine and morality, with due respect to all creeds. The decision to make the School entirely undenominational is typical of the boundless spirit of cjiarity of the Order which the Rev. Mother Visitor represents. The beautiful School, situated in ideal surroundings, and blessed with a temperate climate, so essential for the good health of the little ones, will be opened to all sections the European community in Malaya and, I am sure, it is a privilege that will « appreciated by all. The Sisters will be glad, I know, to snow you over the School, the classrooms and dormitories, and I have a suggestion to make. I suggest you peep "Jto the desks and open the exercise pocks and see what the children are do�� , and I think you will be surprised J° see what has been done in the two ™ , J? since the School was started, and the sound education the children are D

n

c nt

s

Reiving.

Ladies and Gentlemen, I am afraid I strayed somewhat beyond the

LEADER, SATURDAY,

ANNUAL RIFLE MEET AT MALACCA. The Annual B. R. A. Shoot took place in Malacca last Saturday and Sunday. In the 600 yards Deliberate Sgt. F. Rodrigues was second. In the Fire with movements Sgt. B. Frois was 1st and Sgt. W. Kruseman 2nd. In the 300 yards Snap: Sgt. W. Kruseman won second place. Sgt. B. Frois took the Lady Clifford Cup. Sgt. W. Kruseman was runner up in the grand aggregate. Cpl. V. Bateman of St. Francis's School won the Cadets Match. * * * * * BARRETT—SHEPPARD TROPHY COMPETITION. In the Barrett—Sheppard Trophy Competition between Jasin and Alor Gajah, the former district annexed the billiards honours. C. H. Theseira beat his A. G. opponent by 150—128. L. Theseira and S. Fernandis defeated theirs bv 250—237. At football which Jasin won B. Alcantara scored one of the 7 goals, C. H. Theseira 2, and L. Theseira 2.

St. Joseph's Inter-School Relay Team which won The Sir Arthur Young's Cup. SPORTS. "THE QUINATK'S" SENTUL. The Quinate's Shuttle Team held their First Anniversary Party on their Grounds at Lower Kovil Road, Sentul on 27th July, 1935. The' weather being very promising there was a good gathering. After a group photograph, Mr. D. M. Arputahm. the Captain of the team outlined briefly the team's origin and its present standing and proposed Mr. D. M. Rajaratnam to honour them by presiding at their humble party. Mr. D. M. Rajaratnam, in a few words thanked the Team for proposing him to the chair and wished the Quinate's Team continued success and co-operation and declared the Party open amidst loud applause. The party concluded at about 6 ,p.m. with a vote of thanks to the Chair and three cheers for the future unity and success of the Team.

j Bishop's notes, so I will conclude by, i once again, thanking the British Resident for his kindness in presiding here today, and in thanking you all for coming The guests who were then shown round the building, class-rooms and dormitories were in complete accord that the amenities afforded by the Pensionnat de Notre Dame were all that might be desired in a school of that nature. The function ended after a very enjoyable Tea party, and the singing of the National Anthem by nupils and guests. The following guests were present at the function:— Rev. Fathers H. M. Duvelle, R. Cardon, J. P. Baloche, M. Olcomendy, J. Oirard. Rev. Mothers St. Marcellin from Ipoh, St. Adele from Kuala Lumpur. St. Etienne from Taiping, St. Pairine from Seramban. Mr. & Mrs. Cornwell, Mrs. Cormack, Mr. R. Dillon Corneck, Mr. E. P. Colgan, Mr. C. Cummings, Mr. C. M. Young, Mrs. Nixon, Mr. & Mrs. Booth, Mr. & Mrs. R. Patron, Mr. & Mrs. Bayley, Air. & Mrs. Taylor, Mr. W. M. Wallier, Mr. Y. M. Mankin, Mr. & Mrs. Magyer, Mr. & Mrs. Gilchrist, Mrs. Gachnang, Mr. Walter, Mrs. Burnet, Mr. & Mrs. R. Paton, Mr. & Mrs. Wert, Mr. & Mrs. Thorn, Mrs. Knight, Mr. Nathan, Mr. Milne, Mr. & Mrs. Piltio, Mr. & Mrs. Hardy, Mr. & Mrs. Footner, Dr. & Mrs. Hall, Mr. & Mrs. W. Elphinstone, Mrs. & Miss White, Dr. Serymgeons, Mr. Graham, J.P., Mr. Silley, Mr. & Mrs. Lander, Miss GriffithJones, Mr. & Mrs. Foster, Mr. & Mrs. Butler, Mr. Kenneison, Mrs. J. E. Kemp, Mr. O'Gready, Mr. & Mrs. Tortee.

3rd A U G U S T ,

19

1935.

T H E L A C K OF H O N O U R , (Continued from page 17) r e q u i r e religion to c o n d e m n ordinary dishonour! And Wally k n o w s ; h e ' s known f r o m t h e first. B u t h e k n e w I'd a s soon c u t out m y t o n g u e a s woo H o n o u r w i t h it while s h e is still a school girl, in our care—" " R o b e r t , w h a t a r e you s a y i n g ? W h a t a r e you i m p l y i n g ? " M r s . Griscom interrupted him agsast. " D o you m e a n t h a t y o u fancy y o u r s e l f in love w i t h t h e g i r l , t o o ? " " O h , no, m o t h e r , I ' m n o t implyi n g t h a t , " said R o b e r t , quitely. " N o t h i n g so u n c e r t a i n a s t h a t . I love H o n o r a s m u c h a s I a m acpa b l e of loving and I a l w a y s shall. I ' m n o t t h e s o r t of ' f a n c y ' myself in love, n o r t o fancy a girl. I love Honor. W h y shouldn't I ? Did y o u e v e r see a face m o r e illusively i beautiful t h a n h e r s ? Is t h e r e a s w e e t e r voice a n y w h e r e , a finer wit, a saner brain, a t r u e r heart, a p u r e r , m o r e unselfish, h u m b l e r goodness? Is there a girl anywhere to compare with h e r ? Why w o u l d n ' t I h a v e loved h e r a n d w h y s h o u l d n ' t I love h e r ? B u t I would n o t for worlds h a v e told h e r so u n t i l I could do so h o n o r a b y l . A n d Wally knew t h a t and took advant a g e of it. A n d A n n a e a v e s d r o p s ! L i t t l e H o n o r , oh, m y l i t t l e H o n o r ! " R o b e r t ' s voice b r o k e . He might h a v e been crying out upon Honor Shaw, or bewailing his b r o t h e r ' s l a c k of h o n o r . Mrs. Griscom was horrified, furious. " B o t h of y o u ! B o t h m y b o y s ! " s h e g a s p e d . " B u t i t is merely t h a t you a r e b o y s a n d t h e g i r l h a p p e n e d t o b e a t h a n d w h e n you were at t h e age for romance. It i s n o n s e n c e t o s p e a k a s t h o u g h it would be^ l a s t i n g , Robert. But H o n o r shall go. S h e s h a l l not come back h e r e after she graduates. T h e r e would b e n o r e a s o n for h e r c o m i n g , in a n y c a s e . S h e m u s t b e g i n t o live h e r o w n life. Her i n c o m e is sufficient f o r h e r t o choose a n y r e a s o n a b l e m a n n e r of living. W e ' v e done e n o u g h . It h a s been a t r i a l t o m e f r o m t h e first. I ' m e r a t h e r g l a d t h i s nons e n s e of you boys f r e e u s from Honor Shaw, though no one can e v e r s a y t h a t I h a v e n o t done m y d u t y b y h e r ; I took c a r e t h a t t h e y couldn't. I t is a relief t o k n o w t h a t henceforth m y duty to my s o n s obliges m e t o d i s m i s e s h e r f r o m o u r circle. I c o m m a n d you t o do y o u r d u t y t o m e a n d t o y o u r u p b r i n g i n g a n d d i s m i s s h e r also f r o m y o u r fancy. I shall s p e a k e a r n e s t l y t o Wally. H e always h a s been h a r d e r t o control t h a n you, R o b e r t . " R o b e r t smiled, " i n precisely his f a t h e r ' s w a y , " his m o t h e r t h o u g h t with vexation, and went away without otherwise replying. Honor returned to finish her c o u r s e a t h e r convent school and t h e Griscoms household resumed i t s r o u t i n e , lullig M r s . G r i s c o m ' s anxiety. To be s u r e Wally h a d n o t t a k e n her " e a r n e s t s p e a k i n g " a s calmly a s R o b e r t h a d received h e r ulti- I m a t u m . With the utmost fervor a n d w i t h d r a m a t i c effect Wally h a d s w o r n t h a t n o t h i n g shold e v e r d i v e r t h i s love from H o n o r , n o one s e p a r a t e h i m from h e r , b y force, n o r b y seduction. B u t h i s m o t h e r h a d f a i t h a n d hope in t i m e ' s effect, so m u c h so t h a t s h e dispensed w i t h t h e t h i r d of t h e theological v i r t u e s in t h i n k i n g oi H o n o r . M r . Griscom i n t e r f e r e d n o t a t all in t h e c o u r s e of e v e n t s ; h e m a d e no c o m m e n t on his s o n s ' first love affair, n o r t h e i r m o t h e r ' s d e a l i n g j w i t h i t beyond one r e m a r k w h i c h j h e dropped t o R o b e r t .

" I t ' s j u s t a s well t o let H o n o r s e t herself u p s e p a r a t e l y a f t e r s h e g r a d u a t e s ; s h e '11 see b e t t e r a l i t t l e d i s t a n c e off. But m a r k my words, Bob, H o n o r ' s f a r t o o sensible t o fall in love w i t h h a n d s o m e W a l l y . " R o b e r t deduced from t h i s one c o m m e n t of h i s f a t h e r ' s t h a t h e would not feel t h a t t h e Griscom f a m i l y w e r e t h e losers if Catholic H o n o r S h a w m a r r i e d i n t o it. Furt h e r , t h a t Wally in p a r t i c u l a r w a s h e r superior. But Robert had l o n g k n o w n t h a t h i s f a t h e r felt u n e a s y doubt of h i s c h a r m i n g second son. R o b e r t d e r i v e d c o m f o r t a n d u n e x p r e s s e d e n c o u r a g e m e n t from his father's attitude. H o n o r w a s t o b e g r a d u a t e d in J u n e , Anna Griscom's marriage w a s in M a y . H e r m i s s i o n a r y h a d delayed s a i l i n g till t h e n , b u t w a s t o s t a r t for S a n F r a n c i s c o on t h e twenty-second. Anna was marr i e d on t h e t w e n t y - f i r s t a n d t h e p r e c e d i n g w e e k s w e r e so crowded w i t h preparations t h a t Mrs. Griscom h a d s o m e justification in p l e a d i n g t o o g r e a t w e a r i n e s s to g o t o see H o n o r g r a d u a t e d , even a month later. F o r the Griscom w e d d i n g h a d been one t o r e m e m b e r and t a l k a b o u t A n n a h a d n o t e n t e r e d upon h e r n e w life w i t h t h e most remote likeness to t h e apostles, w h o dropped even t h e i r p o o r fishing nets when they went t o ' teach the heathen nations. " I w a n t to see Honor g r a d u a t e , p a p a , " Lillie Griscom b e g g e d . L i t t l i e h a d h e r full s h a r e of h e r mother's determination, not always of h e r v i e w s . S h e h a d not lost h e r l i t t l e g i r l a d m i r a t i o n for t h e g i r l t w o y e a r s h e r elder, whose s u n n y t e m p e r , g e n i u s for new g a m e s , unselffish r e a d i n e s s to comf o r t , or t o yield t o o t h e r s illumined t h e i r childhood. " Y e s , of course you d o , " M r . Griscom a s s e n t e d t o t h e obvious. " Y o u a r e going, a r e n ' t y o u ? The b o y s a n d I a r e g o i n g ; you can come with us." M r s . Griscom r a i s e d h e r w i t h a j e r k , opened h e r m o u t h - b u t s h u t it again. A t r a r e intervals s h e had heard h e r husband say somet h i n g in t h a t q u i e t t o n e t h a t m a d e closing h e r lips t h e only possible sequel t o o p e n i n g t h e m . Fortun a t e l y f o r h i s w i f e ' s escape f r o m apoplexy t h e s e i n t e r v a l s w e r e r a r e . So in t h e t h i r d w e e k in J i m e M r . Griscom, h i s y o u n g e r d a u g h t e r , a n d h i s t w o s o n s travelled a day and night and reached t h e b r i c k building, w i t h i t s o r i g i n a l central square and subsequent w i n g s w h e r e , in s p i t e of M r s . Griscom's prejudices, Honor S h a w h a d been developed i n t o t h e g i r l w h o m all f o u r held t o be t h e i r ideal of e x q u i s i t e y o u n g w o m a n hood. T h e y p a s s e d u n d e r t h e wide c e n t r a l p o r t a l , b e n e a t h t h e figure of t h e Woman w h o h a s been t h e f o r m a t i v e ideal of w o m a n h o o d t h r o u g h o u t t h e C h r i s t i a n a g e s . I t occurred to Robert and his father t h a t the outstretched hands, scatt e r i n g blessings, had something t o do w i t h w h a t H o n o r received in t h i s place, b u t M r s . Griscom would have thought they were spreading s n a r e s — s o m u c h h a s t h e eye to do w i t h w h a t it s e e s . H o n o r r a n to m e e t t h e m , a lovely vision in h e r w h i t e g o w n , h e r face, w i t h i t s beauty t h a t seemed within r a t h e r t h a n of f a c e itself, r a d i a n t w i t h j o y in s e e i n g t h e m a n d w i t h t h e e x c i t e m e n t of t h e d a y . S h e m e t Wally w i t h o u t t h e least embarr a s s m e n t ; plainly h e r a t t i t u d e tow a r d his love-making had been t h a t of h i s m o t h e r — t h a t it w a s m e r e l y a b o y i s h episode of t h e i r growing up. ( T o be c o n t i n u e d . )


OFFICIAL

ORGAN

OF

CATHOLIC

ACTION

PUBLISHED WEEKLY. 20 P a g e .

SINGAPORE

No. 31.

10 Cents.

S A T U R D A Y , 3rd A U G U S T , 1935.

THE LATE MGR. BARILLON'S WORK IN IPOH AS PIONEER PRIEST.

DEMISE OF H.E. DR. EMILE BARILLON iContinned

from page 1)

H i s L o r d s h i p B i s h o p Barillon took p o s s e s s i o n of t h e See of Malacca on t h e 21st N o v e m b e r 1904. H a v i n g been a b s e n t from M a l a y a f o r t w e l v e y e a r s , h e visited all p a r t s of t h e diocese in o r d e r t o g e t i n t o t o u c h w i t h t h e clergy a n d f a i t h f u l of h i s diocese a n d t o see f o r h i m s e l f t h e ' m o s t u r g e n t n e e d s of t h e Mission. H e r e a l i s e d v e r y soon t h a t m o s t of t h e s t a t i o n s a n d religious cent r e s w e r e d e p r i v e d of financial m e a n s f o r t h e s u p p o r t of c a t e c h i s t s a n d school t e a c h e r s . Missionaries w e r e h a n d i c a p p e d in t h e i r w o r k , b e i n g unable to extend their religious propaganda as far a s t h e y desired. His Lordship then instituted t h e Society of St. F r a n c i s X a v i e r for t h e m a i n t e n e n c e a n d p r o g r e s s of m i s s i o n a r y w o r k in t h e diocese. T h u s , w i t h t h e funds collected b y t h e m e m b e r s of t h e society, H i s L o r d s h i p w a s able t o give a n annual allowance for t h e support of c a t e c h i s t s a n d school t e a c h e r s , t o open n e w chapels a n d new c e n t r e s of religious activities. T h e appeal of t h e i r B i s h o p moved t h e h e a r t s of t h e Catholics t o w a r d s t h e i r infidel b r e t h r e n t o help t h e m by alms a n d p r a y e r s . T h e r e s u l t s of t h i s zealous endeavour h a v e been e v e r y y e a r increasingly evident, a s it i s shown b y t h e a n n u a l r e t u r n s of a d m i n i s t r a t i o n . I n 1904, t h e first r e t u r n s showed t h e n u m b e r of Catholics of M a l a y a a t 22,847. In 1932, w h e n H i s L o r d s h i p resigned, t h e n u m b e r of t h e F a i t h f u l in Malaya stood a t 66,465. Such wonderful r e s u l t s w e r e a t t a i n e d in spite of t h e lack of m i s s i o n a r i e s , which w a s f u r t h e r intensified d u r i n g t h e w a r (1914-18) w h e n all t h e y o u n g e r m e m b e r s of t h e c l e r g y h a d t o j o i n t h e a r m y and no new recruits were sent out from France. T h e y e a r s of t h e w a r w e r e a g r e a t t r i a l for t h e h e a d of t h e mission. H e w a s a t a loss t o s u p ply p a s t o r s for t h e e v e r increasing n u m b e r of t h e f a i t h f u l . Finally h o w e v e r h e c a m e t o t h e conclusion t h a t it w a s a necessity to r e c r u i t n a t i v e p r i e s t s , in o r d e r to provide for t h e f u t u r e welfare of t h e Catholics of Malaya. H a v i n g conceived t h i s project in h i s m i n d h e could n o t set t h e plan afoot, p e n d i n g t h e r e t u r n of t h e p r i e s t s from t h e w a r , t o staff t h e s e m i n a r y h e h a d in view. A s it w a s n e c e s s a r y to h a v e a special school for t h e t r a i n i n g of y o u n g a s p i r a n t s t o t h e priesthood, a site w a s selected n e a r t h e S e r a n goon C h u r c h a n d t h e first building was e r e c t e d in 1928. Only a few s t u d e n t s joined t h e n e w s e m i n a r y of S t . F r a n c i s X a v i e r d u r i n g t h e first y e a r s of i t s existence, b u t e v e r y y e a r God h a s sent m o r e vocations. T h e n u m b e r of s t u d e n t s now a t t h e d e a t h of i t s founder is

17. Some previous pupils h a v e alr e a d y been raised t o t h e p r i e s t hood while 18 of t h e m a r e p r e p a r ing for Holy O r d e r s in t h e P e n a n g College General. I t m a y be affirmed t h a t t h e f u t u r e of t h e mission h a s been m a d e secure t h r o u g h t h e zealous i n i t i a t i v e of i t s v i g i l a n t p a s t o r . Catholic E d u c a t i o n . H i s Lordship took always a keen interest in t h e p r o g r e s s a n d development of Catholic education. T h e steady advancement and g r o w t h of Catholic educational institutions are amply evident from t h e following f a c t s and fi-

increase h i s knowledge b y r e g u lar r e a d i n g of t h e m o s t up-to-date books and reviews. T h e mission of Malacca h a s lost, b y t h e d e a t h of H i s L o r d s h i p , la holy and zealous p a s t o r . E v e n d u r i n g t h e y e a r s s p e n t in r e t i r e m e n t , h e never ceased t o p r a y and offer his sufferings for t h e [welfare of t h e mission. H i s infirmities h a d p r e p a r e d his soul for t h e eternal r e w a r d . W e m a y now rejoice in t h e t h o u g h t t h a t we h a v e a friend a n d a powerful protector in heaven, w h o will intercede for u s . Illness, D e a t h & B u r i a l .

T h e news of t h e l a t e Monsignor Barillon's demise w a s received by I p o h Catholics n o t so m u c h with a s u d d e n shock a s w i t h a deep sense of s a d loss. T h e l a t e P r e l a t e was r e g a r d e d h e r e n o t only a s t h e old B i s h o p of t h e Diocese b u t also as t h e f o u n d e r of t h e P a r i s h of St. Michael, which h e founded in 1887, w h e n t h i s flourishing town, the Capital elect of P e r a k , w a s only a collection of a t t a p - h u t s . T h e r e a r e still a n u m b e r in the p a r i s h who r e m e m b e r t h e flimsy s t r u c t u r e , p u t u p b y F a t h e r Barillon in t h e spot w h e r e now stand t h e magnificent buildings of the Convent, as a C h u r c h for t h e handful of Chinese Catholics, who were all g a r d e n e r s . F a t h e r Barillon laid t h e foundation of a Catholic settlement in t h i s p a r t of Ipoh by applying from t h e P e r a k G o v e r n m e n t some 100 a c r e s of land a n d h a v i n g it allotted a m o n g several Catholic families. A s a r e s u l t of t h e expansion of the t o w n , m o s t of t h e Catholic holdi n g s h a v e c h a n g e d handsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;about 50 a c r e s h a v e been r e v e r t e d to the G o v e r n m e n t a n d now f o r m a subu r b of Ipoh, k n o w n a s Greentown, t h e residence of G o v e r n m e n t servants. T h e late B i s h o p w a s personally k n o w n t o m a n y in t h e parish, and a l t h o u g h h e h a d n o t visited Ipoh for over 20 y e a r s , h e w a s constantly in t h e lips of t h e older parishioners, w h o will a l w a y s t r e a s u r e a loving r e m e m b e r a n c e of him. A R e q u i e m H i g h M a s s w a s sung for t h e repose of h i s soul in church on T u e s d a y , a t which m a n y attended. x

t h r o u g h t h e n i g h t in vigilant prayer. On t h e 2 7 t h a t 7 a.m. His body w a s removed to t h e Cathedral of the Good S h e p h e r d where a R e q u i e m Pontifical H i g h Mass was c h a n t e d by H i s Excellency Mgr. A. Devals assisted b y a c h a p t e r of AN EARLY PHOTO OF H.E. BISHOP BARILLON, WHEN HE TOOK OVER p r i e s t s , in t h e presence of the THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE DIOCESE OF MALACCA. o t h e r clergy a n d a large attend a n c e of t h e faithful. H i s Lordship w a s t a k e n ill a b o u t gures:â&#x20AC;&#x201D; A t 5 p.m. V e s p e r s of t h e dead a week before his d e a t h . H e w a s w e r e intoned a g a i n by H i s ExcelI n 1904 N u m b e r of Catholic Schools 39 confined to bed w i t h slight fever lency A. Devals. A last absoluN u m b e r of pupils 3893 and gradually lost s t r e n g t h . I tion w a s g i v e n in t h e presence of I t w a s only on T h u r s d a y 2 5 t h t h e whole clergy, accompanied by I n 1932 N u m b e r of Schools 72 N u m b e r of pupils 15,144 ultimo t h a t p n e u m o n i a set in a n d t h o u s a n d s of Catholics. T h e corH i s L o r d s h i p B i s h o p Barillon t h e ' L a s t S a c r a m e n t s ' w e r e ad- t e g e t h e n wended i t s w a y to the rendered g r e a t services t o t h e m i n i s t e r e d to h i m a s his condition B i d a d a r i c e m e t e r y w h e r e t h e morclergy by his d e e p knowledge of g r e w worse. H e r e m a i n e d con- t a l r e m a i n s of H i s L o r d s h i p were Theology and C a n o n L a w w h i c h scious until t h e last m o m e n t . laid t o r e s t between his dear h e acquired d u r i n g his twelve T h o u g h unable t o speak, h e w a s f r i e n d s Bishop Bourdon and Mgr. y e a r s of p r o f e s s o r s h i p in t h e a n s w e r i n g by signs, t h o s e w h o a p - E . M a r i e t t e , his late Vicar-Gene+ S e m i n a r y of t h e F o r e i g n Missions proached him. r a l : R.I.P. H e expired peacefully on t h e in P a r i s . H i s decisions w e r e always based 2 6 t h July a t 9.15 a.m. H i s body on sound religious science a n d h i s w a s laid out in s t a t e in t h e u p p e r U S E directions to t h e clergy a r e s u m - room of his residence w h e r e a g r e a t n u m b e r of Catholics came to p r a y m a r i s e d in a d i r e c t o r y for t h e Dio- | cese of Malacca, w h i c h w a s p u b - j t h r o u g h o u t t h e whole d a y . T h e Chinese m e m b e r s of t h e lished in 1923. H e never ceased t o s t u d y a n d Catholic Action Society s a t u p 1

TIGER BALM

{Continued

at foot of Col.

4)

Published by Rev. Fr. Cardon and Printed by Lithographers Limited, 37/38, Wallich Street, Singapore, S.S.


AUGUST 03, 1935, VOL 01, N0 31