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HELP

rj*HE work of t h e Catholic papers has been most praiseworthy. They have been an effective auxiliary to t h e pulpit in spreading the Faith.—

The Malaya Catholic Leader. By By By By By By

OFFICIAL

ORGAN

OF

PUBLISHED 20 pages.

No. 30.

CATHOLIC

r e a d i n g M a l a y a ' s Catholic N e w s t e l l i n g y o u r friends a b o u t u s p l a c i n g a r e g u l a r order p a t r o n i s i n g our a d v e r t i s e r s sending any suggestions w r i t i n g for u s , if you h a v e s o m e t h i n g n e w to s a y .

ACTION

WEEKLY. 10 cents.

SINGAPORE, SATURDAY, 27th JULY, 1935.

WHERE NEW

ARE

THE SAINTS?

BODIES OF

ENGLAND'S

o

LONDON TOWER OR CHELSEA PARISH CHURCH? Mgr. \HALLEYS A DIFFICULT

VIEWS ON PROBLEM.

Where are the bodies of England's new Saints, John Fisher and Thomas More? T h i s question w a s asked b y M g r . P . E . H a l l e t t in a scholarly p a p e r on t h e relics of t h e new S a i n t s r e a d t o m e m b e r s of t h e C a t h o lic Record Society a t t h e i r a n n u a l m e e t i n g in London o n W e d n e s d a y . A f t e r carefully sifting t h e evidence, some of w h i c h implies t h a t the S a i n t s ' bodies w e r e buried in t h e chapel of St. P e t e r in C h a i n s in t h e Tower of London and still r e m a i n t h e r e , and t h e conflicting view t h a t one or b o t h w e r e removed t o t h e Chelsea P a r i s h C h u r c h and still lie in an undiscovered vault, Mgr. Hallett a s s e r t e d t h a t no definite reply can be given to t h e question. CONFLICTING E V I D E N C E CHRONICLES.

OF

OLD

" T h e earliest E n g l i s h life of S t . John F i s h e r , f o r m e r l y a t t r i b u t e d to Hall b u t certainly n o t his work, tells us t h a t t h e m a r t y r ' s body w a s buried t h e evening of t h e day of his execution in t h e c h u r c h y a r d nearby of All Hallows, B a r k i n g , " said M g r . Hallett. " A f o r t n i g h t later S t . T h o m a s More was m a r t y red a n d his headless body w a s buried by his devoted d a u g h t e r M a r g a r e t in t h e chapel of St. P e t e r in Chains within t h e Tower. " I t would seem from t h e t e s t i mony b o t h of Stow a n d of t h e G r e y F r i a r s ' Chronicle, t h a t at t h e s a m e time t h e bishop's body was disinterred and buried w i t h More's. "Where are these bodies now? No certain reply can be given to this question. "Cresacre More s a y s t h e y w e r e buried 'in t h e belfrey or a s some say a s one e n t e r e t h into t h e v e s t r y / H e cannot h a v e visited t h e chapel, for t h e r e h a s n e v e r been a vestry in t h e sense of an outbuild-

SOLE

ing. The place usually pointed out is by t h e n o r t h wall, n e a r to t h e e n t r a n c e of t h e little bell-tower. If t h a t is so, t h e y m a y still r e m a i n t h e r e , for t h e y m a y h a v e escaped t h e r e - a r r a n g e m e n t of t h e bodies buried under t h e floor of t h e chapel which took place in 1876. T h i s seems to have affected only t h o s e bodies in t h e c e n t r e of t h e chapel, which were t a k e n u p and reburied in t h e vaults. " B u t t h e r e is a p a s s a g e in an anonymous MS. life of F i s h e r in t h e British Museum (Arundel 152, fol. 234) which h a s caused m u c h discussion. It b e a r s intrinsic evidence of h a v i n g been w r i t t e n in Queen M a r y ' s reign. I t a s s e r t s t h a t t h e m a r t y r ' s enemies w e r e vexed a t t h e concourse of people who came to t h e All Hallows' c h u r c h y a r d to v e n e r a t e t h e body, that therefore they had it i exhumed, carried into t h e Tower, I and with t h e body of T h o m a s More | cast into a n obscure place. (This j p h r a s e , we m a y n o t e by t h e w a y , is curious, since t h e y w e r e buried ! in t h e chapel.)

AGENTS:

SIME D A R B Y & C O . LTD. SINGAPORE

&

BRANCHES

T R A N S F E R R E D TO C H E L S E A ?

" T h e n it c o n t i n u e s : ' B u t certain persons who h a v e t a k e n notes of events have left in w r i t i n g ( t h e words a r e ' r e r u m o b s e r v a t o r e s ' and p e r h a p s should be rendered 'chroniclers') t h a t t h e bodies of these holy men did not even r e s t t h e r e ; b u t t h a t , w h e n t h e h e a t of persecution s o m e w h a t abated, t h e y were devoutly c a r r i e d to t h e village of Chelsea, w h e r e More h a d resided, and a r e t h e r e kept to t h i s day entombed in a new m o n u m e n t which h e had p r e p a r e d for himself, . . . May God g r a n t t h a t some day, when religion revives a n d peace is restored t o t h e C h u r c h , it may be known t o t h e faithful w h e r e a r e those longed-for relics.'

" W e will all h e a r t i l y join in t h i s wish, b u t it is doubtful if we can accept t h i s a n o n y m o u s s t a t e m e n t in face of t h e silence of Stapleton and Cresacre More. H o w , it m a y be asked, w a s it difficult t o discover t h e t r u t h w h e n R o p e r a n d so m a n y of More's g r a n d c h i l d r e n w e r e still a l i v e ? Yet t h e s t o r y is r e peated by t h e a n t i q u a r i e s W e e v e r and A n t h o n y a W o o d . (Continued

on page

6)


M A L A Y A C A T H O L I C L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 27th J U L Y , 1935.

2

SUNDAY

THE STORY OF THE INTRODUCTION OF CHRISTIANITY INTO KOREA. (Continued

from

last

week)

T h e m i n i s t e r s of t h e dead k i n g ed t h e K o r e a n city a n d t h e royal w h o w e r e n o t hostile t o w a r d s palace located t h e r e . H e departed C h r i s t i a n i t y w e r e replaced b y m e n finally for Che-foo leaving t h e u n defenceless likely t o t a k e e x t r e m e m e a s u r e s f o r t u n a t e C h r i s t i a n s a g a i n s t t h e r a g e a n d revenge of against the Christians. F o r several y e a r s p a s t t h e a d - t h e p a g a n s . Tlje infuriated R e v a n c e of t h e R u s s i a n s in T a r t a r y g e n t continued t h e persecution The two g a v e c a u s e for u n e a s i n e s s a n d in w i t h renewed vigour. 1866, t w o y e a r s a f t e r t h e a s s u m p - r e m a i n i n g p r i e s t s secured a p a s t i o n of p o w e r b y t h e R e g e n t , a s a g e on b o a r d a Chinese boat a n d Russian man-of-war d e m a n d e d left Korea. B y 1870 t h e n u m b e r f r e e d o m of t r a d e a n d commercial of C h r i s t i a n s p u t t o d e a t h w a s r e l a t i o n s in K o r e a . T h e g o v e r n - about eight t h o u s a n d ! Upon l e a r n i n g of t h e m a r t y r d o m m e n t did n o t k n o w w h a t t o do. C e r t a i n C h r i s t i a n s in t h e capital of t h e t w o bishops a n d t h e m i s w r o t e t o t h e R e g e n t t o p e r s u a d e sioners, t h e P a r i s S e m i n a r y m a d e h i m t h a t t h e only m e a n s of repel- h a s t e t o r e p l a c e t h e v a l i a n t fightl i n g t h e i r powerful n e i g h b o u r w a s e r s who h a d fallen in t h e a r e n a . t o f o r m a n alliance w i t h F r a n c e A t t h e e n d of 1868 F a t h e r Ridel a n d E n g l a n d a n d t h a t t h e n a t u r a l a n d two o t h e r missionaries r e p e r s o n t o n e g o t i a t e it w a s B i s h o p entered M a n c h u r i a a n d awaited a B e r n e a u x . T h i s w a s a t t h e b e - favourable o p p o r t u n i t y t o e n t e r g i n n i n g of J a n u a r y . H e i n q u i r e d K o r e a a n d r e s u m e t h e i r i n t e r r u p t a b o u t t h e B i s h o p a n d e x p r e s s e d ed labour. While w a i t i n g in a litvillage t h e d e s i r e t o s e e h i m , b u t neglect- tle r e m o t e M a n c h u r i a n ed t o send f o r h i m w h e n h e a r r i v - F a t h e r Ridel l e a r n t of h i s appointed a t Seoul on t h e 2 5 t h . H e m e n t a s V i c a r Apostolic a n d in t h e wanted to gain time. T h e b e g i n n i n g of 1870 obeying t h e R u s s i a n s h a d left a n d t h e K o r e a n invitation of t h e Sovereign P o n E m b a s s y from China b r o u g h t tiff h e left f o r R o m e t o assist a t n e w s t h a t it w a s b e i n g proclaimed t h e V a t i c a n C o u n c i l The n e x t year an American t h e r e t h a t t h e E u r o p e a n s should be massacred. T h i s n e w s g a v e Flotilla a n c h o r e d n e a r K o r e a w i t h boldness t o t h e d i g n i t a r i e s a n d t h e p u r p o s e of e x a c t i n g a t r e a t y t h e i r counsels soon p r e v a i l i n g , it which would g u a r a n t e e t h e s a f e t y w a s decided t h a t all t h e mission- of t h o s e m e e t i n g w i t h ship-wreck. a r i e s should b e p u t t o d e a t h a n d B u t t h e A d m i r a l h a d n o t e n o u g h m e n t o accomplish t h i s a n d h e w a s t h e C h r i s t i a n s "persecuted. T o w a r d s t h e end of F e b r u a r y obliged t o w i t h d r a w w i t h o u t h a v B i s h o p B e r n e a u x w a s a r r e s t e d i n g come t o a n y a g r e e m e n t . In t h e y e a r 1877 Bishop Ridel a n d i n t e r r o g a t e d . I n h i s replies t h e B i s h o p explained t h a t h e c a m e m a n a g e d t o r e - e n t e r K o r e a . T h e t o K o r e a t o save souls. T h a t w a s n e x t y e a r h e w a s a r r e s t e d b u t an

3t

pays

^° ^A6vertise

w h y h e h a d been in K o r e a for t e n y e a r s a n d would not leave t h e land of h i s own accord. W h e n t h e wife of t h e R e g e n t h e a r d of h i s a r r e s t , she manifested t h e most genuine sorrow and protested energetically, b u t no notice w a s t a k e n of h e r tears. Two other missionaries were arrested and the three were executed on t h e 7 t h of M a r c h . A few d a y s a f t e r w a r d s t h e C o a d j u t o r B i s h o p Daveluy w i t h t w o p r i e s t s w a s a r r e s t e d a n d condemned to death. They had t h e h a p p i n e s s of l a y i n g down t h e i r lives on Good F r i d a y of t h a t y e a r . T h e i r bodies w e r e exposed on t h e s p o t of m a r t y r d o m f o r t h r e e d a y s a n d d u r i n g t h i s period n e i t h e r wild b e a s t s n o r b i r d s of p r e y d a r e d t o touch t h e s e glorious r e m a i n s . T h e C h r i s t i a n s found t h e m in a good s t a t e of p r e s e r v a t i o n a n d w e r e able t o b u r y t h e m in a n h o nourable place. During this ruthless persecution in which n u m e r o u s K o r e a n C h r i s t i a n s also laid down t h e i r lives for t h e i r F a i t h , only t h r e e m i s s i o n a r i e s succeeded in escaping. One of t h e m , F a t h e r Ridel, w a s s e n t t o China t o t r y a n d g e t relief. On h i s w a y h e m e t a little F r e n c h Fleet whose Admiral sent a t h r e a t e n i n g l e t t e r t o t h e K i n g of K o r e a . T h e k i n g did not reply. T h e A d m i r a l finding w i n t e r a p p r o a c h decided t o r e t u r n . First, h o w e v e r , h e pillaged a n d d e s t r o y -

SERVICES.

CATHEDRAJ,: Queen Street. 6-30 a.m. L o w M a s s . 8-00 a.m. H i g h M a s s . 5-30 p.m. V e s p e r s a n d B e n e d i c t i o n .

ULCAIN THE •I E S T WATCH

ST. J O S E P H ' S : Victoria Street. 5-30 a.m. L o w M a s s . 6-30 a.m. L o w M a s s . 8-00 a.m. H i g h M a s s . 5-00 p.m. V e s p e r s a n d B e n e d i c t i o n . SS. PETER & P A U L : Queen Street. 6-30 a . m . L o w M a s s . 8-00 a.m. H i g h M a s s . 4-00 p.m. V e s p e r s a n d B e n e d i c t i o n . S A C R E D H E A R T : Oxley Rise. 6-30 a.m. L o w M a s s . 8-00 p.m. H i g h M a s s . 3-30 p.m. Benediction. O U R L A D Y O F L O U R D E S : Ophir R d . 8-00 a.m. H i g h M a s s . 5-00 p.m. V e s p e r s a n d B e n e d i c t i o n .

M A S S E S , NOT F L O W E R S , FOR T H E DEAD. Of l a t e y e a r s a p r a c t i c e h a s b e e n i n troduced on t h e coffins o f t h e dead. I t is n o t a Christian c u s t o m : it i s p a g a n . T h e early C h r i s t i a n s n e v e r d e c o r a t e d t h e dead w i t h flowers. I t h a s i t s o r i g i n in t h e w i s h t o g e t rid o f t h e t h o u g h t of d e a t h , in t h e d e s i r e t o d o a w a y w i t h the s a c r e d n e s s , t h e s o l e m n i t y , t h e m a j e s t y of f a i t h . The unbeliever, t h e w o r l d l y - m i n d e d C h r i s t i a n does n o t w a n t to be reminded o f d e a t h . S o g a y a n d g o r g e o u s flowers a r e h e a p e d o n t h e c a s k e t t o hide a w a y a n d p r e v e n t a n y d i s t u r b i n g t h o u g h t of t h e a w f u l m y s t e r y beneath. N o w this is not a Christian sentiment, and i t is t u r n i n g w h a t s h o u l d be a s a c r ed r e l i g i o u s c e r e m o n y , t h e burial of o u r h a l l o w e d dead, i n t o a v a i n and w o r l d l y pageant. This unbecoming fashion is a l t o g e t h e r c o n t r a r y to t h e spirit of t h e Church. T h e Church's rubrics f o r b i d flowers on t h e a l t a r a t f u n e r a l M a s s e s , t h e a l t a r i s draped i n m o u r n i n g , t h e priest wears black vestments, the Church pall t h a t c o v e r s t h e coffin i s in m o u r n i n g colours, all in k e e p i n g w i t h the great, solemn m y s t e r y of death. Many Bishops and priests have condemned this practice, and in some p l a c e s special orders h a v e b e e n g i v e n f r o m t h e p u l p i t t h a t n o flowers w o u l d be p e r m i t t e d in t h e c h u r c h d u r i n g f u n e ral M a s s e s . This frivolous fashion has led to grave abuses. Families vie w i t h each o t h e r a s t o w h i c h will h a v e t h e g r e a t e r number, t h e m o s t e x p e n s i v e w r e a t h s and b o u q u e t s a t f u n e r a l s , and n o t o n l y the m e m b e r s o f t h e b e r e a v e d f a m i l y b u t a l s o their f r i e n d s s p e n d e x t r a v a g a n t s u m s on t h e m . T h i s o f t e n e n d s i n a n a c c u m u l a t i o n of d e b t s — n o t a l w a y s p a i d , and a l s o in m i s e r a b l e j e a l o u s i e s , s q u a b bles, and r e p r o a c h e s , a n d all t h e w h i l e t h e poor d e p a r t e d soul is s u f f e r i n g a n g u i s h in P u r g a t o r y , n o t f o r flowers, but f o r a M a s s , a p r a y e r . J u s t think w h e n w e o u r s e l v e s h a v e r a s s e d a w a y i n t o t h e c l e a n s i n g fire of P u r g a t o r y . W h a t c o m f o r t will i t t h e n be t o u s t o h a v e flowers l a v i s h e d on our r e m a i n s ? O u r p o o r souls w i l l be t h i r s t i n g and c r a v i n g , n o t for flowers— for p r a y e r s , f o r t h e P r e c i o u s B l o o d in t h e H o l y Sacrifice of t h e M a s s . " H a v e p i t y on m e , a t l e a s t y o u m y f r i e n d s , " p.nd our f r i e n d s , even o u r n e a r e s t and dearest, answer our piteous pleading by s t r e w i n g flowers on o u r coffin. H a p p y the departed soul, blessed and consoled will t h a t spirit be w h o s e c a s k e t i s covered, n o t w i t h b l o s s o m s t h a t f a d e and a r e c a s t a s i d e , b u t w i t h c a r d s recording t h e p r o m i s e s of f r i e n d s t o h a v e M a s s e s and p r a y e r s offered f o r i t s s p e e d y e n t r a n c e into H e a v e n , a n d g l a d will w e t o o be w h e n o u r turn c o m e s t o be so r e m e m b e r e d . If this custom w e r e adopted w h a t g l o r y it w o u l d g i v e t o God, w h a t r e l i e f to t h e Suffering S o u l s , a n d w h a t b l e s s i n g s , g r a c e s , and h e l p it w o u l d b r i n g to o u r s e l v e s in life, a t t h e h o u r o f o u r d e a t h , and w h e n w e h a v e p a s s e d i n t o eternity.

Imperial O r d e r from China dem a n d e d t h e r e t u r n of t h e P r e l a t e t o P e k i n g . J a p a n t o o came t o dem a n d his release. E v i d e n t l y t i m e s had changed when t h e nonC h r i s t i a n G o v e r n m e n t s themselves w e r e i n t e r e s t e d in t h e welfare of t h e Missionaries. Special m e n t i o n m u s t be m a d e of J o h n T s h o i , t h e Bishop's aged h o s t w h o w a s a r r e s t e d along w i t h him, b u t w a s not released along w i t h h i m . H e w a s a skillful penm a n a n d w r o t e t h e Korean c h a r a c t e r s w h i c h w e r e used as models for t h e t y p e employed in p r i n t i n g t h e K o r e a n - F r e n c h G r a m m a r and Dictionary. In t h e m o r n i n g of t h e 14th J u l y w h e n h e was still in prison F a t h e r Blanc, t h e P r o V i c a r h a d j u s t r i s e n and w a s d r a w i n g h i s socks w h e n h e w a s shocked t o see J o h n Tshoi in t h e corner of t h e room. Instinctively h e closed h i s eyes a n d when h e opened t h e m a g a i n t h e vision w a s B u t w e m u s t be practical. L e t e a c h no m o r e t h e r e . S h o r t l y after h e | one do h i s or h e r p a r t t o do a w a y w i t h received n e w s t h a t t h e courageous J t h i s u n b e c o m i n g f a s h i o n , let " M a s s e s , old C h r i s t i a n h a d died of s t a r v a - i not flowers'* be o u r m o t t o . A r e w e n o t Catholics, d e s c e n d a n t s o f s a i n t s and tion in t h e prison. m a r t y r s ? Do w e not believe in P u r g a Bishop Ridel enfeebled by h i s £vrv. in t h e C o m m u n i o n of S a i n t s ? labours r e t u r n e d t o F r a n c e w h e r e Sister M. Benedict author of " Spiritual h e died in 1844. H i s successor w a s Sunbeams." F a t h e r Blanc. A n e w c h a p t e r in t h e h i s t o r y of C h r i s t i a n i t y in Korea s t a r t e d in "Give us t h i s day o u r daily b r e a d , " H e p r a y e d a t e a r l y morn, 1882, t h e y e a r in w h i c h A m e r i c a signed a t r e a t y w i t h Korea follow- And t h e n w e n t out on t h e e x c h a n g e (Continued at foot of col. t.) To raise t h e price of corn.

It's not only a matter of taste T o be a p e r f e c t t i m e p i e c e , a watch h a s t o b e b e a u t i f u l and accurate. N o w , e v e r y o n e c a n s a y whether a w a t c h i s t o one's l i k i n g or not, but it i s difficult t o e s t i m a t e t h e q u a l i t y . O n l y e x p e r t s can j u d g e a n d p r e c i s i o n of a the finish m e c h a n i s m a s d e l i c a t e a s that of a watch. T h e r e r e m a i n s f o r t h o s e w h o love accuracy a m e a n s of eliminating disappointment-choose a VULCAIN w a t c h , a c k n o w l e d g e d t h e best by t h o u s a n d s o f p e o p l e a l l oyer t h e world. With a V U L C A I N y o u have the satisfaction of k n o w i n g that you p o s s e s s a t i m e p i e c e o f unequalled accuracy and refined b e a u t y .

THE MALAYA

CATHOLIC

LEADER.

T h e M a l a y a C a t h o l i c L e a d e r m a y be purchased a t the following shops:— SINGAPORE. A . R. R o d r i g u e s & Co., 4 2 , Bencoolen Street. Crystal S o d a F o u n t a i n , Corner of Bras Basah Road & Waterloo Street T h e F e d e r a l R u b b e r S t a m p Co., 13, Collyer Quay, G. H . K i a t & Co., 15, Collyer Quay. T h e P r e m i e r T r a d i n g Co., 193, Keppel Road. P e t e r C h o n g & Co., 8 2 , B r a s B a s a h Road. M. M o h a m e d A l i , 4 3 9 - A , N o r t h Bridge Road. M. M o h a m e d A b u b a c k e r & Co., 154, Victoria Street. Mohamed Dulfakir Bridge Road.

&

Co., 34, North

M o h a m e d D u l f a k i r & C o . , Middle Road. J. M. M o h a m e d 3 a v a , 2 6 3 , Middle Road. P. V. A b d u l R a h u m a n & Co., 239, Seligie Road. T. K. M o h a m e d M a i d e e n , 2 2 8 , Middle Rd., £ . Hadji A b d u l l a s a h , 1 9 8 , Middle Road. S e c o n d - h a n d B o o k S h o p , 66, Bras Basah Road. R a i l w a y S t a t i o n B o o k s t a l l , Singapore KUALA LUMPUR. P o s t Office D u l f a k i r & Co., M a r k e t S t r e e t F e d e r a l R u b b e r S t a m p Co., Old Market Square. Railway Station Bookstall.

ed soon by E n g l a n d , Germany, and France. The m i s s i o n a r i e s w e r e now able to leave off t h e irksome Korean m o u r n i n g g a r b w h i c h had till then shielded t h e m from t h e view of t r a i t o r s , a n d a p p e a r everywhere in ecclesiastical d r e s s . T h e life of the c a t a c o m b w a s over f o r t h e Christ i a n s a n d t h e question of building a c h u r c h came u p to be considered. On a magnificent site in Seoul a splendid c a t h e d r a l w a s soon built by B i s h o p Blanc w h o had already s e n t t w e n t y K o r e a n s t u d e n t s to t h e General College of P e n a n g to study for p r i e s t h o o d (1887). Let m e conclude t h i s series of articles in w h i c h I have tried to give a brief account of t h e wonderful o r g i n a n d population of our religion in K o r e a in t h e face of persecution, w a v e a f t e r w a v e of whicn tried in vain t o s m o t h e r the infant c h u r c h in blood, by quoting some s e n t e n c e s e x t r a c t e d from a letter w r i t t e n b y F a t h e r P o u r t h i e (one oi t h e m a r t y r s of K o r e a ) who m 18<*> w i t h a l m o s t p r o p h e t i c wisdom saia r e g a r d i n g religious freedom:—(Continued

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The N e w Canterbury Pilgrims T h i s w e e k t h e " W i n g s from A l b i o n " shall b e a r t i d i n g s of a day of wonderful experience a n d g r e a t consolation in t h e ancient city of C a n t e r b u r y . E v e r since Chaucer's t i m e t h e world h a s known of C a n t e r b u r y pilgrims, men and women who journeyed through t h e Kentish highways to do honour t o S t . T h o m a s a Becket a t h i s s h r i n e in t h e f a m o u s C a t h e dral. A l a s ! A t t h e " R e f o r m a tion " t h a t s h r i n e w a s despoiled a n d t h e relics of S t . T h o m a s scatt e r e d ; a n d f o r h u n d r e d s of y e a r s no Catholic p i l g r i m s w e n t , a t a n y r a t e in o r g a n i z e d companies, t o follow devotionally in t h e s t e p s of their forefathers. T h e n i n e t e e n t h c e n t u r y , however, saw a c h a n g e . M a n y y e a r s ago a convert from t h e C h u r c h of E n g l a n d m i n i s t r y , w h o h a d become a priest, F a t h e r Philip F l e t c h e r , revived t h e p i l g r i m a g e t o C a n t e r b u r y . W i t h a faithful band of followers h e used t o g o t o t h e city every year. A t Canterbury other Catholics would j o i n in, in a procession w h i c h in t i m e c a m e t o b e looked f o r w a r d t o b y t h e citizens. B y degrees t h e annual pilgrimage g r e w in n u m b e r s a n d i m p o r t a n c e . B u t n e v e r h a s C a n t e r b u r y seen a Catholic p i l g r i m a g e of t h e size a n d splendour a s t h a t which, a t t h e t i m e w h e n t h e s e lines a r e being despatched, is only a few d a y s old. The C a n t e r b u r y p i l g r i m a g e of 1935 h a s been noted a n d c o m m e n t e d upon in n e w s p a p e r s all over t h e c o u n t r y ; for it is not e v e r y w h e r e , even in t h e s e h a p p y a n d t o l e r a n t t i m e s , t h a t one sees a magnificent two-mile long procession of t h e Blessed S a c r a m e n t in t h e s t r e e t s , and t h e C h u r c h ' s solemn l i t u r g y performed, in pontifical s t a t e , in t h e open a i r . T h r e e s a i n t s w e r e honoured a t C a n t e r b u r y b y t h i s y e a r ' s pilgrims. In t h e first p l a c e . S t . T h o m a s a Becket, t h e city's own s a i n t a n d m a r t y r , w h o m h i s fellows in faith venerate every y e a r by a devout visit t o t h e hallowed s t o n e s which t o t h i s d a y m a r k w h a t is still known a s " T h e M a r t y r d o m , " in t h e C a t h e d r a l . In t h e second place t h e r e w a s t h e recently-canonized St. T h o m a s More—hailed, in t h e official p i l g r i m a g e p r o g r a m m e , a s St. T h o m a s of Chelsea. H e , too, is associated w i t h C a n t e r b u r y ; for his s u n d e r e d h e a d r e s t s in t h e Roper v a u l t in t h e c h u r c h of S t . Dunstan a little w a y beyond t h e city b o u n d r y , a n d t h e r e a section of t h e p i l g r i m s , t h e K n i g h t s of St. Columba, placed a w r e a t h by t h e courteous* leave of t h e Anglican vicar. T h i r d l y , h o n o u r w a s given to St. J o h n F i s h e r , w h o a s Bishop of Rochester h a d h i s own C a t h e dral in t h e n e x t adjoining see.

tion, in t h e " D a n e J o h n , " services a t t e n d e d b y Catholics whose numbers r a n into m a n y t h o u s a n d s . P i c t u r e t h e Dane J o h n — a lofty, monument-crowned m o u n d with s p r e a d i n g walks and g a r d e n s a t its foot. T h e r e , in t h e spacious bandstand, a g r e a t public a l t a r h a d been erected, b y permission of t h e aut h o r i t i e s of t h e city. On t h a t alt a r C a n t e r b u r y saw, t h i s week, w h a t C a n t e r b u r y h a d certainly not seen for t h e past four h u n d r e d years, namely, solemn H i g h Mass in t h e open, with a choir of thous a n d s of voices r e n d e r i n g t h e O r d i n a r y of t h e Mass, a n d t h e celeb r a n t a m e m b e r of t h e English H i e r a r c h y — t h e Bishop of B r a n t wood—in t h e presence • of t h e Bishop of S o u t h w a r k a n d m a n y o t h e r prelates. In t h e afternoon, when t h e procession of t h e Blessed Sacr a m e n t reached t h e s a m e s p o t ; t h e c o n g r e g a t i o n it is estimated, n u m bered b e t w e e n twelve a n d fifteen t h o u s a n d persons. H e r e w a s a C a n t e r b u r y pilgrimage indeed! A t t h e afternoon service t h e Bishop of S o u t h w a r k , Dr. A m i g o , preached on t h e j o y and consolation of t h e spectacle.

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On F o o t To Walsingham A d a y or so a f t e r t h e C a n t e r bury p i l g r i m a g e , a n o t h e r b a n d of pilgrims s e t out f r o m London. T h i s t i m e t h e i r number w a s small, and t h e i r w a y not s o u t h b u t eastward. T h e y w e r e a little company bound for W a l s i n g h a m : a n d t h e p a r t i c u l a r i n t e r e s t of t h e i r pilgrim a g e w a s t h a t it w a s t o be m a d e on foot, except in t h e case of an invalid lady whom t h e o t h e r pilg r i m s would wheel t o t h e objective in E a s t Anglia. T h e c o m p a n y set out w i t h a r o u t e w h i c h followed t h e a n c i e n t pilgrim road, t h e palm e r s ' w a y , a n d it w a s from Palm e r ' s Green t h a t t h e y b e g a n t h e i r but pious journey. Footsore cheerful, and receiving hospitality from Catholics a t several s t a g e s along t h e way, t h e s e a d v e n t u r e r s in a v e n t u r e of faith a n d endurance are n e a r i n g t h e i r goal. Except for a slight a t t a c k of illness suffered b y one of t h e band, all h a s gone well. 1

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A n American Invasion Some valuable contact h a v e been made h e r e in London between Catholic j o u r n a l i s t s a n d o t h e r worker?, for t h e Church, a n d some prominent confreres from t h e United S t a t e s . We h a v e j u s t welcomed a p a r t y of t h e Calvert Associates, A m e r i c a n s who honour in t h a t title t h e m e m o r y of t h e Catholic Lords Baltimore who gave wise government a n d civil and religious liberty to t h e first colonists of Maryland. The Associations include, in t h e p r e s e n t visitors, two of° America's leading Catholic editors, namely F a t h e r J a m e s Gillis, of t h e Paulist who edits the Congregation, Catholic World, and Mr. Michael Williams, t h e editor of t h e Commonweal.

Three deeply i m p r e s s i v e functions w e r e p a r t of t h e d a y ' s crowded p r o g r a m m e , smiled upon by glorious s u n s h i n e . T h e g r e a t p r o cession t o t h e Catholic church, from which p o i n t t h e Bishop of Several function h a v e t a k e n Southwark c a r r i e d t h e Blessed a t which Catholics h e r e h a v e place Sacrament, w a s in itself a splendid Picture of Catholic life. I t came, had t h e opportunity to meet t h e n time, b e t w e e n t w o still more | distinguished visitors from overnoteworthy events: Pontifical ' seas. T h e Associates were r e tfigh Mass, a n d Pontifical Benedic- ceived a t W e s t m i n s t e r by his Grace J

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R O S K O P F B A T O U t h e A r c h b i s h o p , delivered a strik- A Church Student's Tragic Death N e w s h a s j u s t been received t h a t ing a d d r e s s on t h e possibilities for Catholic Action in t h e two count- a s a d t r a g e d y h a s b r o u g h t m o u r n ries. A t t h e Breakspeare Club, a i n g t o H e y t h r o p College, t h e J e s u i t Catholic c e n t r e in t h e West E n d , a j house of s t u d i e s in Oxfordshire. reception of honour h a s t a k e n i While b a t h i n g in t h e r i v e r a t place. Catholic w r i t e r s h a d t h e i r j C h a r l b u r y , t h e Rev. H o w a r d H a r t own p a r t i c u l a r function, in t h e well g o t i n t o difficulties a n d w a s shape of a dinner p a r t y , a t t e n d e d drowned, d e s p i t e every effort t o by t h e Archbishop, a t which F a - s a v e h i m b y o t h e r s t u d e n t s w h o t h e r Gillis a n d Mr. Williams were dived t o t h e rescue. t h e overseas guests of honour. The gathering brought together F A T H E R COUGHLIN ENDS m a n y widely-known Catholic perS E R I E S O F R A D I O TALKS. sonalities. Mr. Hilaire Belloc w a s t h e r e , a n d Mr. C h e s t e r t o n ; F a t h e r Martindale, "Beach comber," editoDetroit. — The latest broadrial w o r k e r s from all t h e Catholic cast, in w h i c h h e urged m o r e n e w s p a p e r s , and m a n y more. liberal laws allowing Government • • * * regulation of i n t e r s t a t e commerce Conversions A Diocesan N o t e and s u p p o r t e d t h e Wheeler-RayIn t h e Archdiocese of W e s t - b u r n public utilities bill, closed for minster, l a s t year, 1,430 persons t h e t i m e being t h e series of Sunwere received into t h e Catholic day radio b r o a d c a s t s by t h e Rev. Church, c o n v e r t s from Anglica- Charles E . Coughlin, p a s t o r of t h e nism, or from Nonconformity, or S h r i n e of t h e Little Flower at from Rationalism or indifference. Royal Oak, u n d e r t h e sponsorship This is t h e first diocesan r e t u r n t o of t h e N a t i o n a l Union for Social be published, so far, of t h e conver- J u s t i c e , of which h e is the sions d u r i n g t h e year. Relating, a s founder. it does, only to one diocese o u t oT F a t h e r Coughlin announced t h a t t h e t w e n t y - f o u r Catholic dioceses he would r e s u m e his series of radio in Great B r i t a i n , t h e total indicates a d d r e s s e s in October a t t h e latest, t h a t once more t h e r e will be a and indicated t h a t h e w a s p r e p a r consoling figure, m a n y t h o u s a n d s ed t o r e t u r n t o t h e a i r before t h a t strong, of converts received in j t i m e "if a n y occasion" should r e 1934. j quire it. (N.C.W.C.)


4 HEARING

MASS

DAILY.

" E v e r y day, sweet son, h e a r Holy M a s s ! " So spake t h e f a t h e r t o his son in t h e days of chivalry. It was t h e usual custom in those days, Leon Gautier tells us in his beautiful book on t h a t period. B L E S S E D JULIE Good Christians are e a g e r t o h e a r Holy Mass every m o r n i n g . Like t h e m o t h e r of St. A u g u s t i n e , who s a y s himself t h a t s h e n e v e r and love Him too. Often when MORE than a hundred years a g o , in a little village in Picardy, they were playing in the fields failed to assist daily at t h e a l t a r , in France, named Cuvilly, lived a little Julie would g e t the others all t h e y neglect nothing in o r d e r t h u s f a t h e r and mother and t h r e e little round her, and w i t h her catechism to sanctify t h e beginning of t h e i r children, Madeleine, Julie and their on her knee she would explain it day. H a d t h e y numerous occupalittle brother Louis. There had so well, and tell t h e m such wonder- tions, t h e y rose earlier, t h u s renb e e n four more little children but ful things about Almighty God, dering t h e i r action more m e r i t o r i God had taken t h e m to live with that they were all delighted and ous. D u r i n g his stay at L a g h o u a t , H i m in heaven, and from there were always glad t o listen. Somet h e y looked down upon., and watch- t i m e s Julie would notice that General Sonis, of whom Gallifet ed over their father i n d mother certain little boys and girls were s a y s : " No one knew b e t t e r t h a n and t h e three left on earth. When not there, and she would send the he both how to command a n d how Tulie w a s born Madeleine w a s seven others to look for them. t o obey," never failed to assist a t y e a r s old, and thought herself a " I want plenty of little souls," t h e Holv Sacrifice of t h e Mass. b i g girl. While Julie w a s quite she would say, "to teach them to " A t six and a half, or seven," t i n y her mother used to show her love Good God." wrote one of his a t t a c h e s , " h e pictures of Jesus and Our Blessed There was a very holy priest in went to church in silence. I used Lady, and t a u g h t her little pray- that village, and he soon noticed t o accompany h i m . " T h i s h a b i t ers t o say. If she took h e r for a w h a t a good little girl Julie was, never interfered with thesiswalk t h e y would g o t o t h e end of and how much she loved t h e Good c h a r g e of t h e important duties of t h e village where there w a s a large God and w a s loved by Him in re- his position. On t h e c o n t r a r y , h e crucifix w i t h a little bench in front turn. So h e tried t o help her to found himself b e t t e r disposed t o of it. Kneeling there w i t h little become even more holy. He fulfill t h e m , as is always t h e case Julie, her mother would tell her all t a u g h t her how t o talk to our when one h a s peace of conscience t h a t dear Jesus suffered for love Blessed Lord w h e n at church and and joy of h e a r t . of us. Then Julie's t e a r s would " T h e best way to economise flow, and she would ask h e r mother t i m e , " w r o t e Ozanam, "is to lose A G E N T L E M A N . w h a t s h e could do in return. about half a n hour every m o r n i n g a t Holy M a s s . " Later on she began t o g o to t h e / knew him for a gentleman La Roche Jaquelein, e x p r e s s i n g village school. There t h e little By signs that never fail. . t h e same t h o u g h t in h i s m i l i t a r y girls and boys learnt t h e catechHis iroat was rough and rather worn i s m and all about A l m i g h t y God. language, s a i d : "When I h a v e lost His cheeks were thin and paleâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; \ You should have seen Julie during m y m o r n i n g Mass, I live on a low%A lad who had his way to make, t h o s e l e s s o n s ; she did not play and er level all t h e rest of t h e d a v . " 'With little time to play, forget and look about, but with Daniel O'Connell, in spite of his knew him for a gentleman h e r e y e s fixed on t h e s c h o o l b u s y life, w as constantly faithful By certain signs to-day. m a s t e r she seemed to drink in t o his pious h a b i t ; and t h e Domievery word he was saying. nican, F a t h e r Burke, declared He met his mother on the street, B y t h e time she was seven she t h a t w h a t greatly contributed t o Off came his little cap. k n e w every word of the catechism, X My door was shut, he waited his e n t e r i n g t h e priesthood w a s there and all the meanings too. Not so t h e devout a t t i t u d e of t h e g r e a t Until I heard his rap. t h e other little children. Often Irish o r a t o r during Holy Mass. HHe took the bundle from my hand,] t h e y found it very hard and uninJjj And when I dropped my pen teresting, and they could not t h a n t h e y , t h e good priest said she answer t h e questions. Little Julie <>He sprang to pick it up for me, m u s t keep it a secret. How h a p p y This gentleman of ten. I ] noticed this, and it made her sad. Julie w a s , and how she longed for S h e loved Our Lord so m u c h t h a t He does not push or crowd along, \ t h e day to come. A t last t h e s h e wanted all the others to know His voice is gently pitched; happy m o r n i n g dawned, and you %He does not fling his books about shall know j u s t w h a t happened. As if he were bewitched, Very, very early in t h e morning, He stands aside to let you pass; before a n y o n e was awake, littJ/ He always shuts the door; ] Julie got up. She p u t on t h e simple p e a s a n t ' s dress t h a t she alHe runs on errands willingly, ] ways wore, and h e r little bonnet, To forge and mill and store. ; and opening h e r door v e r y quietly, ] He thinks of you before himself; so as not to awake her b r o t h e r and He serves you if he can. ] sister, s h e r a n quickly to t h e vilFor, in whatever company, lage church. The good priest was The mannre tells the tale, waiting a t t h e door for her, and At ten and forty 'tis the same: t o g e t h e r t h e y went in. How e m p t y t h e church looked, but it The manner tells the tale, did not feel empty to Julie. She And I discern the gentleman only h a d t h o u g h t s for h e r Qod fail. By signs that never waiting for her t h e r e in t h e tabernacle. a t h o m e , a n d how t o give up little F i r s t she said the p r a y e r s for t h i n g s she liked to show h e r love Holy Communion t h a t t h e priest for H i m . H e t a u g h t her, too, h o w had t a u g h t her. Then she began t o w a t c h o v e r h e r t e m p e r . J u l i e ' s to p r a y in h e r own words until t h e little b r o t h e r Louis w a s a jgreat priest w e n t up to the a l t a r . V e r v t e a s e , and s o m e t i m e s Julie found reverently Julie knelt on a low it v e r y h a r d n o t t o speak crossly. rush-bottomed chair and received S h e knew t h a t cross w o r d s dis- h e r F i r s t Holy Communion; no pleased O u r L o r d , so s h e p r a y e d white frock or veil had she, no litv e r y h a r d for patience, a n d if e v e r tle companions watching, no sweet s h e spoke a c r o s s w ord s h e would music nor b r i g h t flowers; but ina t once s a y s h e w a s s o r r y . V e r y stead t h e church was filled w i t h soon, no m a t t e r how m u c h Louis beautiful angels adoring t h e i r God, t e a s e d , she w a s a l w a y s fcentle a n d and looking with wonder on little p a t i e n t , t r y i n g t o be like h e r d e a r Julie's soul, now become t h e home J e s u s d u r i n g H i s Sacred Passion. of t h e i r God and hers. And how W h e n t h e good p r i e s t saw how happy w a s h e r g u a r d i a n angel a t h a r d Julie t r i e d t o correct h e r her side now t h a t Julie had J e s u s f a u l t s , and h o w well she prayed, h e in h e r h e a r t . Long Julie remained said he would let h e r m a k e h e r there, t h a n k i n g dear J e s u s for t h e F i r s t Holy C o m m u n i o n . B u t , in gift of Himself t h a t m o r n i n g ; and c a s e t h e o t h e r village children after t h i s she t h a n k e d t h e kind should be j e a l o u s a t Julie's being priest for all t h e trouble he had allowed to m a k e it so m u c h sooner taken w i t h her. then quietly rer

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MILKMAID MILK LAUGHS Danger. T o m m y (on a v i s i t ) : "Do your specs m a g n i f y G r a n d m a ? " G r a n d m a : ''Yes, T o m m y . " T o m m y : " D o you mind taking t h e m off while you cut m y cake?"

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Spreading. A r a s h b r o k e out on Peter's face and it g r a d u a l l y became worse. His mother, feeling a n x i o u s a b o u t it, sent h i m to the doctor w i t h t h e following note: " P l e a s e look a t P e t e r ' s face, he's had it a long t i m e and it's spreading. What a Life! Doctor ( t o p a t i e n t ) : If you w a n t to g e t t h i n you m u s t eat only fruit, t o a s t , lean m e a t , and drink orange juice." P a t i e n t : " B e f o r e or a f t e r meals Doctor?" A Cut. Old L a d y ( r e t u r n i n g from haird r e s s e r ) : " N o w J o h n , you don't t h i n k I'm like a n old woman since I got my h a i r cut, do you " J o h n : Oh. no, indeed, I t h i n k you look more like a n old m a n now. H e D i d n ' t Know. " W h e r e w e r e you yesterday, T o m ? " asked t e a c h e r . "Please. Miss. I h a d a tootha c h e . " a n s w e r e d Tom. " H a s it s t o p p e d ? " asked the teacher sympathetically. " I don't k n o w , " said Tom. " W h a t do you m e a n b o y ? You don't know if y o u r toothj has stonned a c h i n g . " " N o . Miss, t h e d e n t i s t kept it." t u r n e d h o m e t o h e r o r d i n a r y day's work. F r o m t i m e to t i m e for two whole y e a r s Julie received Holy Communion in t h i s w a y all alone. After t h a t t h e p r i e s t allowed h e r to go with t h e o t h e r children of the village, b u t s h e n e v e r told t h e others h e r secret, a n d how m a n y times already O u r Lord had come to visit her. W h e n s h e grew u p Julie never missed an o p p o r t u n i t y of hearing Mass and r e c e i v i n g Holy Communion, no m a t t e r how m a n y dinlcu ties t h e r e w e r e in t h e way. A" h e r life long she t a u g h t others to k n o w a n d love Our Lord in tae Blessed S a c r a m e n t , and Jesus Piled h e r h e a r t full of love and J05 in Him, so t h a t she alwavs kept? s i n g i n g in h e r h e a r t : "Oh. how good is t h e Good God." r


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 27th J U L Y , 1935.

Press

Gleanings

CONCLAVE

In v i e w of t h e s e r i o u s d e v e l o p m e n t s t h a t h a v e a r i s e n in connection with A b y s s i n i a , a n d t h e g r a v e d a n g e r to peace, we n e e d h a r d l y u r g e the necessity of c o n t i n u e d a n d i n c r e a s e d p r a y e r f o r t h e H o l y F a t h e r ' s i n t e n t i o n s , which i n c l u d e , a s t h e s e c o n d of H i s H o l i n e s s ' s Jubilee i n t e n t i o n s , peace a m o n g the nations. We do not s h a r e the extremely p e s s i m i s t i c v i e w of s o m e w r i t e r s t h a t , w i t h I t a l y p r e o c c u p i e d in A f r i c a , t h e G e r m a n Government would invade Austria and precipitate another European war. But t h a t w a r should break out at all b e t w e e n t w o S t a t e s m e m b e r s of t h e L e a g u e of N a t i o n s w o u l d b e f r a u g h t w i t h t h e g r a v e s t p o s s i b i l i t i e s , a n d no e f f o r t s can b e t o o g r e a t t o a v e r t such a n i s s u e . I t is v e r y e a s y t o s a y w h a t should not h a v e been done either just n o w or within the last few years, and r e c r i m i n a t i o n s c a n d o n o g o o d . B u t it is m u c h m o r e difficult t o s e e w h a t t h e next steps should be, a n d w e think t h a t good citizenship would refrain from e m b a r r a s s i n g t h e G o v e r n m e n t of t h e d a y unless or until t h e situation bec o m e s c l e a r e r . B u t w e c a n all p r a y f o r t h e divine g u i d a n c e for our own statesm e n a n d t h o s e of t h e o t h e r n a t i o n s conc e r n e d . It m a y b e w e l l t o r e c a l l t h a t t h e g r e a t e s t of p r a y e r s is t o a s s i s t a t t h e Holy Sacrifice, a n d t h a t t h e O r d i n a r y of t h e M a s s c o n t a i n s t w o p r a y e r s s i n g u larly a p p r o p r i a t e to such circumstances a s t h e p r e s e n t - ^ t h e Libera a f t e r t h e P a t e r Noster. a n d t h e p r a y e r for the P e a c e of t h e C h u r c h a f t e r t h e A g n u s Dei.

In Q u e t t a Lord Willingdon stood a s the spokesm a n of u s a l l in h i s e x p r e s s i o n of g r a t i -

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s h o u l d not r a t h e r s a y o u t r a g e . T h e P o s t m a s t e r - G e n e r a l ' s r e p l y is t h a t h e is advised that unless the language used is i n d e c e n t o r o b s c e n e he h a s n o p o w e r t o p r o h i b i t t h e t r a n s m i s s i o n of t h e s e t h i n g s t h r o u g h t h e p o s t . If t h i s be indeed the law then t h e sooner the l a w is a m e n d e d t h e b e t t e r , a n d a l l d e c e n t p e o p l e will s u p p o r t t h e a m e n d m e n t .

A Better

t u d e t o t h e officers a n d m e n of t h e a r m e d f o r c e s in Q u e t t a f o r t h e i r d e v o t i o n and courage during the earthquake there. F r . R a f a e l , of S t . X a v i e r ' s C o l l e g e , Bombay, who was at Quetta during the f a t a l n i g h t of t h e e a r t h q u a k e , t e l l s in the Bombay Examiner t h a t about a q u a r t e r of a n h o u r a f t e r t h e first s h o c k of t h e e a r t h q u a k e h a d d o n e i t s d e s t r u c TIVE w o r k , t h e F a t h e r s in t h e p r e s b y t e r y c o u l d h e a r t h e b u g l e s s o u n d i n g in t h e n e i g h b o u r i n g b a r r a c k s ; a n d less t h a n half an hour after t h e dreadful visitation t h e s o l d i e r s w e r e o u t , a n d m i l i t a r y l o r r i e s r u m b l e d a l o n g t h e still darjc roads, and t h e rescue work had begun. AT first IT w a s r e p o r t e d t h a t t h e P r e s e n tation Convent w a s t h e only building left s t a n d i n g , b u t F r . R a f a e l ' s account corrects this error. He reports that the c o n v e n t is n o w n o m o r e , a n d t h e S i s t e r s h a v e left f o r o t h e r c o n v e n t s in I n d i a . B u t t h e C a t h o l i c c h u r c h did n o t fall d o w n , n o r d o e s i t s e e m i n d a n g e r of d o i n g so. D a m a g e w a s caused by the t u r r e t s f a l l i n g on t h e roof. T h e E x a miner report adds: "One incident tragically recalls the Gospel w a r n i n g ; of t w o C a t h o l i c b o y s a s l e e p in one bed, one was killed a n d t h e other escaped unhurt."

An Abuse of the P o s t I n t h e H o u s e of C o m m o n s l a s t w e e k Major Tryon, the Postmaster-General, e x p l a i n e d t h e v i e w of t h e G o v e r n m e n t ' s legal a d v i s e r s a b o u t t h e r i g h t s a n d dut i e s of t h e P o s t Office i n r e s p e c t of o b j e c t i o n a b l e l e t t e r s a n d c i r c u l a r s . I t is p e r f e c t l y t r u e , a s M r . M a c q u i s t e n said in t h e H o u s e , t h a t e v e r y t i m e a b i r t h notice a p p e a r s in t h e p r e s s " p a r e n t s a r e s u b j e c t t ° a d e l u g e of d i s g u s t i n g c o r r e s p o n dence" from certain vendors who habitually use t h e post for this purpose. N o t only so b u t m a r r i a g e a n n o u n c e m e n t s a n d , i n c r e d i b l e a s it m a y s e e m , a n n o u n c e m e n t s of e n g a g e m e n t s a r e m a d e t h e o c c a s i o n of s i m i l a r a n n o y a n c e — i f w e

Way

CHURCH OF ST J E A N BAPTISTE DE LA SALLE CELEBRATES SILVER JUBILEE.

A

Welcome Protest " V o l u n t a r y p a r e n t h o o d ' ' i s , it s e e m s , t h e latest polite p a r a p h r a s e for piecem e a l r a c e suicide. W e are g l a d to see t h a t t h e A n g l i c a n B i s h o p of D u r h a m h a s recently exposed its pretensions in a trenchant speech. And t h e Bishop's w o r d s h a v e been backed up b y a n equally

Only One

P a r i s . — T h e C h u r c h of St. Jean B a p t i s t e de la Salle, n e a r t h e P a s t e u r I n s t i t u t e a n d on t h e street t h a t b e a r s t h e n a m e of t h e illust r i o u s successor of P a s t e u r , Dr. Roux, h a s j u s t celebrated i t s silver jubilee.

€mis n itatt

s t r o n g l e a d i n g a r t i c l e in a leading Northern paper, the Newcastle Journal i n i t s i s s u e of J u n e 28 l a s t . " W i t h i n 4G y e a r s , if n o t s o o n e r , f o r t h e r e s t r i c t i o n is p r o g r e s s i v e , t h e p o p u l a t i o n of B r i t a i n will be l e s s b y a f o u t h t h a n i t is t o - d a y . T h e c o n s e q u e n c e s of t h e d r a m a t i c a n d c o n t i n u o u s fall i n t h e b i r t h - r a t e c a n n o t fail, a s Dr. H e n s o n says, t o be 'disast r o u s t o t h e c h a r a c t e r of t h e E n g l i s h p e o p l e a n d t h e p o w e r of t h e E n g l i s h spirit.' T h e s t e a d y d e c l i n e of f e r t i lity, w h e t h e r produced by wars, famines, or inordinate luxury, h a s always proved to be a cancerous g r o w t h which heralded the irretrievable decay of p e o p l e s a n d e m p i r e s . F r o m t h e d a y s o"f t h e d e c l i n e of I s r a e l a n d i n d e e d e a r l i e r the fact has been manifest.

j

t h e r Gordien, A s s i s t a n t General of t h e I n s t i t u t e , spoke on t h e r i g h t s and duties of h i s B r o t h e r s a s F r e n c h citizens a n d former c o m b a t a n t s to t r a i n t h e m i n d s of French youths. T h e p a s t o r of St. J e a n B a p t i s t e do la Salle, Abbe Cosson, is one of t h e founders of t h e Catholic Scouts of F r a n c e . An i m p o r t a n t delegation of scouts, h e a d e d by t h e i r leader, Canon C o r n e t t e , attended t h e ceremonies. (N.C.W.C.)

Since St. J e a n B a p t i s t e de la Salle, founder of t h e I n s t i t u t e of t h e B r o t h e r s of t h e Christian C O U N T McCORMACK Schools in 1684, established his R E C E I V E D IN A U D I E N C E novitiate in t h e vicinity of the church, h e w a s chosen a s patron BY P O P E . of t h e p a r i s h . F o r t h a t reason t h e feasts in h o n o u r of its jubilee also were in honour of its patron Vatican City. — His Holiness whose works and v i r t u e s t h e Most Pope P i u s XI accorded a n audience Rev. Georges G r e n t e , Bishop of Le on S a t u r d a y to John McCormack Mans, extolled in an eloquent ser- of N e w York, who is a Papal mon. Count and who was t e r m i n a t i n g The Most Rev. Georges Audol- his service a s a P r i v a t e C h a m b e r lent, Bishop of Blois, pontificated lain of the Cape and Sword. a t t h e solemn Mass at which Fa(N.C.W.C.)

: :

30

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j

WILL

THE

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And, t a k i n g higher ground, the N e w c a s t l e p a p e r p r o c e e d s to s a y t h a t t h e i d e a l of m o t h e r h o o d " i s d e e p l y a n d s t r o n g l y b a s e d o n t h e e s s e n t i a l n e e d s of b e i n g s m a d e in t h e i m a g e o f God, macTe. t h a t i s , f o r p r o g r e s s in i t s farthest reach. T h e r e is m u c h e v i d e n c e w h i c h goes to show t h a t this ideal has been directly imperilled by t h e knowledge w h i c h h a s b e e n p r o p a g a t e d of l a t e . If i t is s o t h e d a m a g e is l i k e l y t o be g r e a t e r t h a n c a n b e r e p a i r e d in s e v e r a l generations. W e know of only one a g e n c y t h a t is c o m p e t e n t t o r e p a i r it. T h a t a g e n c y is r e l i g i o n . A t t e m p t s to a r r e s t t h e d e c l i n e of a b i r t h - r a t e b y a p p e a l s t o p a t r i o t i s m , even w h e n t h e a p peals have been reinforced b y material i n d u c e m e n t s , h a v e in t h e p a s t h a d s m a l l effect. T h e c o n t e s t h a s b e e n t o o u n equal. W e have always maintained that t h e r e is a v a s t a m o u n t of s o u n d c o n v i c tiot on t h i s m a t t e r a m o n g o u r n o n Catholic fellow-citizens. It is our b u s i n e s s a s C a t h o l i c s t o w e l c o m e i t , coo p e r a t e w i t h it, a n d do e v e r y t h i n g in o u r p o w e r t o r e i n f o r c e it. (Universe fuly 12)

PROVE

Vatican C i t y . — R e p o r t s publish- P a t r i a r c h s who would be p e r m i t ed by secular newspapers t h a t His ted to participate actively in t h e Holiness Pope P i u s XI intends to | Conclave of Cardinals. The word Conclave, .which in reform t h e Conclave to permit the P a t r i a r c h s of t h e Oriental Rites to t h e Latin means a place w h i c h can e n t e r it, in addition to t h e Cardi- be securely closed, refers t o t h e nals, is considered by t h e Vatican | room or hall specially set aside as journalistic gossip not to be and prepared for the Cardinals considered seriously, and is cate- when electing a P o p e ; also to t h e assembly of t h e Cardinals for t h e gorically denied. canonical execution of t h i s purSecular news r e p o r t s widely pose. T h e Conclave d a t e s from circulated in t h e U n i t e d States i t h e end of t h e T h i r t e e n t h Cenhad it t h a t Pope P i u s XI was t u r y . In 1271, t h e election t h a t planning e x t e n s i v e r e f o r m s in the ! ended with t h e choice of Pope election of P o p e s . T h e s e , t h e re- Gregory X a t Viterbo lasted over ports said, would p e r m i t t h e East- two y e a r s and nine m o n t h s . The ern P a t r i a r c h s t o e n t e r t h e Con- new Pope endeavoured t o obviate clave of Cardinals a n d t o partici- for t h e f u t u r e such delays, by p a t e directly in t h e election of i n s t i t u t i n g t h e law of t h e ConPopes as r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s of the clave, which h e p r o m u l g a t e d at Uniat C h u r c h e s . t h e fifth session of t h e Second One r e p o r t s t a t e d t h a t t h i s re- Council of L y o n s in 1274. Cardiform w a s r e g a r d e d a s certain to nals alone a r e p e r m i t t e d t o vote in be effected, and even indicated the t h e Conclaves.— (N.C.W.C.)

I n f a c t , w e h a v e a good e x a m p l e c l o s e to o u r o w n s h o r e s in t h e s t r i n g e n t l a w in force in France. The Catholic U n i o n , t h r o u g h i t s s e c r e t a r y , M r . J . S. F r a n e y , has kindly sent u s the exact t e x t . B y t h i s l a w t h e e x p o s i n g or d i s t r i b u t i n g in a n y w a y of t h e o b j e c t i o n a b l e m a t t e r , i t s t r a n s m i s s i o n , in e n v e l o p e s , closed or unenclosed, t h r o u g h the post or through any other distributing a g e n c y , a n d i t s a d v e r t i s e m e n t in a n y f o r m , a r e all f o r b i d d e n u n d e r h e a v y p e n a l t i e s ; b o t h i m p r i s o n m e n t a n d a fine, not t h e option, a r e prescribed for each offence. Any persons concerned who w i s h t o h a v e t h e full t e x t of t h e l a w m a y have a copy by applying to the E d i t o r of t h i s p a p e r . I n o u r v i e w p r a c t i c a l s t e p s m i g h t well b e c o n c e r t e d t o g e t a Bill t o t h e s a m e effect d r a f t e d with a view to its early introduction into Parliament.

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M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 27th JULY, 1935. W H E R E A R E T H E BODIES OF E N G L A N D ' S N E W SAINTS? {Continued

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w h e r e t h e vault is. T h e p r e s e n t e p i t a p h — M o r e ' s o w n composition, t h o u g h r e - c a r v e d — a l m o s t certainly does not cover t h e v a u l t . " B u t w h e r e v e r t h e vault m a y be — f o r t h e r e h a v e been several enl a r g e m e n t s and a l t e r a t i o n s t o t h e fabric of t h e c h u r c h — i t is s a t i s f a c t o r y a t least t o know t h a t F a t h e r Morris a f t e r w a r d s found reason t o reject t h e s t o r y h e h a d a t first believed, viz. t h a t t h e vault w a s e m p t y , t h e coffins h a v i n g been rifled, a s it w a s said, for t h e sake of t h e lead. " L e a v i n g t h e vexed question of t h e body, we a r e on s u r e r ground w h e n we s t a t e t h a t t h e head of St. T h o m a s More r e p o s e s in t h e Roper vault a t St. D u n s t a n ' s Church. C a n t e r b u r y , " proceeded Mgr. Hallett. " T h o m a s Stapleton, w r i t i n g at D o u a y in 1588, is t h e first w i t n e s s f o r t h e fact t h a t M a r g a r e t Roper b r i b e d t h e officer t o give h e r t h e h e a d a f t e r it h a d been exposed on L o n d o n Bridge f o r n e a r l y a m o n t h . ' T h e r e w a s no possibility of m i s t a k e , ' h e w rites, f o r she, w i t h t h e h e l p of o t h e r s , h a d k e p t careful w a t c h , and, m o r e o v e r , t h e r e w e r e s i g n s so c e r t a i n t h a t a n y o n e w h o h a d knowm h i m in life would h a v e n o w been able t o identify t h e head. A t o o t h w a s m i s s i n g , which h e h a d lost in life . . . M a r g a r e t a s long a s s h e lived, k e p t t h e h e a d w i t h t h e g r e a t e s t r e v e r e n c e , carefully p r e s e r v i n g it by m e a n s of spices, and t o t h i s d a y it r e m a i n s in t h e cust o d y of one of h i s relatives.' (Life of S i r T h o m a s M o r e , p. 2 1 3 ) . " T h e evidence t h a t t h e skull a t S t . D u n s t a n ' s is t h a t of o u r m a r t y r is, a s t h e Vicar, in reply t o m y enquiry, very courteously wrote to me, t r a d i t i o n a l , b u t S t a p l e t o n ' s account, t h e place of burial, t h e fact t h a t no o t h e r m e m b e r of More's or R o p e r ' s family w as beheaded, and t h e fact t h a t n o o t h e r place claims t o possess M o r e ' s head, t o g e t h e r supply s t r o n g a n d c u m u l a t i v e supp o r t for t h e t r u t h of t h e t r a d i t i o n . "

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of Blessed Virgin, Sacred Heart of J e s u s , S t . P e t e r , S t . Christopher, St. J o s e p h , S t . A n t h o n y , S t . Theresa, B l e s s e d F l o w e r of J e s u s , etc. P r i c e 15 c t s . e a c h — O n l y l i m i t e d supplies received. Get from

" T h e f o r m e r in h i s Ancient Peiping.—Official advices receivFuneral Monuments (London, 1631, ed h e r e from Rome a n n o u n c e t h a t p . 505) w r i t e s of t h e tw o bodies: t h e Apostolic P r e f e c t u r e s of K a y ' H o w l o n g t h e y l a y t o g e t h e r in t h i s h o u s e of r e s t (St. P e t e r ' s Chapel) ing, K w a n g t u n g , a n d Suchow, I c e r t a i n l y k n o w n o t ; y e t t h i s is K i a n g s u , h a v e been raised to t h e PETER CHONG & CO., c e r t a i n , t h a t M a r g a r e t , t h e wife of | s t a t u s of V i c a r i a t e s Apostolic. ( T H E CATHOLIC STORE) M a s t e r Roper, a n d d a u g h t e r of t h e T h e c h a n g e was m a d e by decrees S i n g a p o r e , M a l a c c a , K u a l a Lumpur, s a i d S i r T h o m a s More, removed h e r Ipoh, P e n a n g , e t c . of t h e Sacred Congregation of f a t h e r ' s corpse not long a f t e r t o P r o p a g a n d a dated J u n e 18. UNIVERSITY PRESIC h e l s e a ; and w h e t h e r s h e honoured Two o t h e r decrees of t h e s a m e F U J E N t h e bishop b y a n o t h e r removal t o day n o m i n a t e t h e V i c a r s Apostolic D E N T R E C E I V E S DISTINCTION. t h e place of h e r f a t h e r ' s burial, I of t h e s e t w o new vicariates. T h e P e i p i n g . — M r . C h e n Y u a n , Presik n o w n o t ; y e t s h e m i g h t , b y all R i g h t Rev. Msgr. F r a n c i s X. F o r d , d e n t of t h e Catholic U n i v e r s i t y of probability. M.M. is appointed V i c a r Apostolic P e k i n g , is one of t h e t h i r t y Chi" F r o m t h e f a c t t h a t h e is cerof K a y i n g ; t h e V e r y Rev. Philippe n e s e scholars a n d scientists elect, t a i n a b o u t M o r e ' s removal a n d Cote, S.J., becomes Vicar Apostolic ed a t a recent m e e t i n g , in Nanking, d o u b t f u l a b o u t F i s h e r ' s , it s e e m s of Suchow. of t h e A c a d e m i a Sinica to its newly j u s t t o infer t h a t h i s t e s t i m o n y is K a y i n g Vicariate w a s formerly c r e a t e d A d v i s o r y Council. i n d e p e n d e n t of t h e Arundel M.S., p a r t of t h e V i c a r i a t e of Swatow. W i t h t w o o t h e r noted scholars, w h i c h a s s e r t s it of b o t h equally. It became a P r e f e c t u r e Apostolic "Following these authorities, a r d D r s . H u Shih a n d Chen Ying-chu, in 1929. I t is one of five Missions on t h e principle t h a t positive eviM r . Chen Y u a n w a s n a m e d advisor in t h e F a r E a s t e n t r u s t e d t o t h e d e n c e is t o b e p r e f e r r e d t o n e g a in t h e d e p a r t m e n t of h i s t o r y . The Catholic F o r e i g n Mission Society t i v e evidence (i.e. t h e silence of A d v i s o r y Council covers 14 diffeof America, whose h e a d q u a r t e r s o t h e r writers, which may be caprent departments. a r e a t Maryknoll, N . Y . able of v a r i o u s explanations), Scion of a f a m o u s Chinese liteSuchow w a s detached from t h e F a t h e r John Morris, S J l , to r a t u s , Mr. Chen Y u a n h a s specialV i c a r i a t e of N a n k i n g in 1931. I t whom t h e cause of t h e martyrs ized for m a n y y e a r s in t h e history is in c h a r g e of F r e n c h Canadian o w e s so much, accepted t h e reof t h e decline of t h e M i n g dynasty. Jesuits. (Lumen) moval of t h e bodies t o Chelsea H e is a n a u t h o r i t y on t h e early Church a s a fact. Such authoriJ e s u i t s in C h i n a , of w hom he is a t i e s , however, a s F a t h e r Bridgett " E G G S A N D V E R M I C E L L I " — g r e a t a d m i r e r , t h o u g h himself not and Dom B e d e Camm, are unable (Lumen) C A P T I V E M I S S I O N A R Y ' S D I E T . a Catholic. t o accept it. M — m m ii i i i - in i an • • " B o t h p a r t i e s a p p e a l t o t h e will Peter's Name. Peiping.—A r e c e n t report sent T h i s D i v i n e c r e d e n t i a l a n d t i t l e of of William R o p e r w h i c h r u n s a s by t h e Special Inspector for Fore- office o c c u r s o n e h u n d r e d a n d s i x t y - s i x f o l l o w s : . . . m y body t o b e b u r i e d ign Affairs for H u n a n and H u p e h t i m e s in t h e N e w T e s t a m e n t . A n d how a t Chelsea . . . in t h e v a u l t w i t h i t e r a t i o n s of the t o t h e Italian Consul in H a n k o w ePleotqr ui neen t lnya mdoe tshpeesaek 166 t h e body of m y d e a r l y beloved wife t o t h e e y e a n d the s t a t e s t h a t , according to informa- e a r ! ( w h o s e soul O u r L o r d p a r d o n ) tion from General Ku Tsu-tong, To t h e eye of t h e faithful reader, where my father-in-law, Sir Pacification Commissioner of Ki- t h e y s h o w f o r t h o n e h u n d r e d a n d sixty T h o m a s M o r e ( w h o s e soul J e s u s a t i o n s of the bless) did m i n d t o be buried.' T h e a n g s i , F a t h e r Giacomo Anselmo, sPiext r iCn he r i sotf-fsiicgen—e ds i g nperdo c l aam n d w r i t t e n by will w a s d r a w n u p in J a n u a r y , 1577, I t a l i a n Vincentian captured a t t h e h a n d of G o d o n a s m a n y p l a t e s of vast one y e a r b e f o r e Roper's d e a t h . L i n g k i a n g , Kiangsi, on C h r i s t m a s g o l d , a n d a d o r n i n g t h e l e n g t h and F a t h e r B r i d g e t t a n d Dom Bede Eve, 1933, by C o m m u n i s t s , is still h e i g h t a n d b r e a d t h of t h e i n n e r and C a m m i n t e r p r e t t h e words a s alive a n d well t r e a t e d by his cap- o u t e r w a l l s of t h e S c r i p t u r a l Temple. T o t h e e a r of t h e f a i t h f u l hearer, m e a n i n g t h a t S t . T h o m a s wished t o r s and t h a t " e v e r y day he t a k e s t h e s e 166 i t e r a t i o n s of t h e P e t r i n e n a m e t o b e -buried t h e r e , b u t in fact w a s eggs and vermicelli." The a u t h o - n a m e s o u n d l i k e o n e h u n d r e d a n d sixtyn o t ; b u t F a t h e r M o r r i s considers r i t y for t h e s t a t e m e n t is said to be s i x s i l v e r t r u m p e t s e n c i r c l i n g t h e dome T H E S T O N Y H U R S T RELICS. t h a t R o p e r v/as s p e a k i n g vaguely a C o m m u n i s t recently t u r n e d over of t h e g r a n d T e m p l e , a n d b l o w n b y the m o u t h of t h e A n g e l of t h e Covenant, b e c a u s e of t h e d a n g e r s of t h e t i m e , Dealing w i t h o t h e r relics of St. to t h e Central Government. a n d t h r i l l i n g a l l t h e s t o n e s of t h e Temt h a t in fact M a r g a r a t h a d c a r r i e d T h o m a s More, M g r . H a l l e t t s a i d : T h e report adds t h a t General Ku ple, w i t h t h e " T u e s P e t r u s " i n t o n e d by o u t h e r f a t h e r ' s desire, and t h a t it " C a n o n S h e p p a r d , of C a n t e r b u r y , is devising w a y s and m e a n s to t h e S a v i o u r , n i n e t e e n c e n t u r i e s ago.— w a s precisely for t h a t r e a s o n t h a t h a s recently received a l a r g e com- rescue t h e captive. Rev. Dr. Smyth-Vaudry in "Peter's (Lumen) Name." s h e herself, t h o u g h s h e lived f a r p l e t e t o o t h of t h e m a r t y r , whose aw-ay a t C a n t e r b u r y , w a s b r o u g h t a u t h e n t i c i t y is supported by v e r y a p a r t h a s been given t o t h e Do| served a t S t o n y h u r s t . It cannot t h e long d i s t a n c e t o Chelsea t o b e s a t i s f a c t o r y evidence. minican Convent a t Stone and j be said from w h a t p a r t of t h e body buried. " A t S t o n y h u r s t , a m o n g s t seve- t h e r e a r e m a n y smaller portions. \ t h e bone c o m e s . I t s history is r a l articles b e l o n g i n g t o St. T h o - One portion w a s given to t h e Holy i obscure. T h e a u t h e n t i c a t i o n was U N C E R T A I N LOCATION OF T H E m a s , t h e r e is a r e l i q u a r y contain- F a t h e r in connection w ith t h e | given by D r . William Gordon, VAULT. | Bishop of Salford, in 1905, but an " B u t e v e n if w e accept t h e r e - i n g a piece of bone and a p a r t (or canonixation. " T h e E y s t o n s of E a s t H e n d r e d older p a p e r a t t a c h e d to t h e relic i n t e r m e n t a t Chelsea a s a f a c t w e p e r h a p s t h e whole) of a t o o t h . " T h e m o s t f a m o u s secondary still posses his d r i n k i n g cup, m a d e \ r e a d s . 'B. Roffensis Cardinalis.' a r e n o t a t t h e end of our t r o u b l e s . D r . Cotton in a l e t t e r t o t h e Times relic of St. T h o m a s is his h a i r - of oak, bound t o g e t h e r b y r i n g s of I a n d it is believed t o h a v e come r e c e n t l y s u g g e s t e d a n e x a m i n a t i o n s h i r t . T h e l a r g e r p a r t is still a t silver, and his r o s a r y or decade- ; from Rome t o g e t h e r w i t h many t o ; o t h e r s of t h e relics of t h e English of t h e M o r e v a u l t , b u t Mr. R e g i n - t h e Convent of t h e A u g u s t i n i a n r i n g , wiiich once belonged ald B l u n t , r e p l y i n g o n May 1 5 t h , Canonesses a t N e w t o n Abbot, b u t M o t h e r M a r y More, of B r u g e s , is M a r t y r s p r e s e r v e d a t Stonyhurst. in t h e possession of t h e T r a p p e s - j " A t F a r m St., according to Fr. (Continued at foot of cols. S & U) s h o w e d t h a t t h e r e is no c e r t a i n t y L o m a x family. T h e W a t e r t o n s | M o r r i s ' s list, is a folded p a p e r with a p p e a r t o have a n o t h e r . I s c r a p i n g s of b o n e belonging to the Stockists:— " T h e E a r l of Denbigh h a s h i s S a i n t . Book of H o u r s w i t h t h e M a r t y r ' s ; " T h e chief s e c o n d a r y relic of St. R. K U T B U D E E N BROS., a u t o g r a p h p r a y e r s in t h e m a r g i n , I J o h n F i s h e r is h i s five feet long 79, Ah Quee Street, and t h e Duke of Sutherland, of I is t h e t r e a s u r e d possession of Mr. Penang. S u t t o n Place, Guildford, h a s h i s T h o m a s More E y s t o n , of East w h i t e linen ruff. i Hendred. T h i s g e n t l e m a n very " T h e last descendant in t h e ! generously allowed a small portion K A N N A P P A & CO., direct male line. F a t h e r T h o m a s ! of t h e staff t o b e c u t away, which K u a l a L u m p u r & Singapore. More, w h o w a s English Provincial j h e t h e n set in a silver reliquary of t h e J e s u i t s a t t h e t i m e of t h e i and personally p r e s e n t e d to the suppression of t h e Society, and Holy F a t h e r a t t h e audience given K. Y. P . ISMAIL, died in 1795. bequeathed to Stony- to t h e E n g l i s h P i l g r i m s on the day Malacca. h u r s t i t s well-known collection t o a f t e r t h e c a n o n i z a t i o n of our two t h e reliquary containing t h e t o o t h ! s a i n t s . a n d o t h e r bone, it includes t h e " A t S t o n y h u r s t is preserved a R. E . MOHAMED KASSIM & CO. M a r t y r ' s h a t and cap, a l a r g e gold r i n g c o n t a i n i n g a cameo—the LTD., golden medal known as " T h e head of an old m a n . It came from G e o r g e . " More's seal as U n d e r - t h e Messiter f a m i l y who had the Malacca. T r e a s u r e r , a l a r g e and a small t r a d i t i o n t h a t t h e r i n g belonged to 20 cts. A Cake. crucifix, a pouncet box and a ca- St. J o h n F i s h e r . T h e experts at meo of Our L a d y . the British Museum, however, RELICS OF ST. J O H N FISHER. Agents: D e a l e r s in B a t t e r y R o a d , etc., S i n g a p o r e . t h o u g h t h e y c o n s i d e r t h e cameo to " T h e chief p r i m a r y relic of S t . be medieval, s t a t e t h a t t h e ring J o h n F i s h e r is a piece of bone, itself c a n n o t b e earlier t h a n 17th a b o u t t h r e e - q u a r t e r s of an inch or 18th C e n t u r y . " P.O. B o x N o . 413—130-A, Middle Road, SINGAPORE. long, by one q u a r t e r across, p r e (Catholic T i m e s , J u l y 12th.) T

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MALAYA CATHOLIC LEADER, SATURDAY, 27th JULY, 1935.

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I RELIGION CORRESPONDENCE. [ Readers are kindly invited to send in questions on religious dogmas or standards of moral conduct. Such questions must be put in good faith with a view to obviating any dubiety or adjusting any inaccuracy in pertinent matters of faith or morals. All questions must be accompanied by the names and addresses of questioners, not necessarily for publication, but as a «itarm:fee of pood faith. The Editor reserves ff'-c right to reject any question, trh:ch in his opinion, may appear trivial or

fritofoKS.']

Question. W h y does t h e Catholic Church forbid mixed marriages? Answer. For many reasons. M a r r i a g e is a S a c r a m e n t , and t h o s e who desire to receive that S a c r a m e n t should be duly p r e pared. T h e Catholic p a r t y p r e pares by a good confession, whilst the non-Catholic more often t h a n n o t gives no t h o u g h t whatever to t h e matter. Then,

all matters—religion, and even r e s e n t s t h e claims of the Catholic Church. Mutual m i s u n d e r s t a n d i n g s result, and the P r o t e s t a n t , not m a k i n g t h e Catholic a s h a p p y as he expected, does not m a k e h i m self a s happy as he dreamed. Question. Upon what g r o u n d s does your Church claim infallibility . Answer. C h r i s t established His Church urjon a foundation as solid as a rock, and declared t h a t t h e <rates of hell, or forces of PV"]. would not prevail against it. T h i s implies t h e perpetual retention of t h e t r u t h t a u g h t bv Christ, forbidding its corruption. H e commanded h e r to teach all n a t i o n s "all w h a t s o e v e r I have commanded y o u ; and behold I am w i t h you all davs even t o t h e consummat i o n of t h e world." Matt. X X V I I L , 20. His presence g u a r a n t e e s t h a t she will ever teach a doctrine identical w i t h His own principles. H e promised t h a t t h e Holy Spirit :would abide w i t h t h e Church forever, undoutedly a pledge of p e r p e t u a l infallibility. In XIV., 16.

TO R E A D E R S : It i s a p l e a s u r e t o a s k y o u r co-operation in our e n d e a v o u r t o e l i m i n a t e m i s t a k e s t h a t m a y a r i s e r e g a r d i n g t h e delivery of y o u r copy of " T h e Malaya Catholic Leader." 1. Did y o u g e t y o u r c o p y of T h e M a l a y a Catholic L e a d e r ? 2. W a s t h e w r a p p e r i n t a c t ? 3. Did y o u r a c q u a i n t a n c e s g e t t h e i r c o p y ? In s p i t e of all o u r c a r e , e r r o r s will creep i n t o t h e a d d r e s s e s a n d w e w a n t you t o s e e t h a t all i s w e l l ; if not, p l e a s e l e t u s k n o w . W e w a n t t o be o f s e r v i c e t o y o u a n d w a n t y o u t o h a v e no difficulties over " The Malaya Catholic Leader." Please a l w a y s advise us without delay when changing your address in order t o e n s u r e g e t t i n g y o u r c o p y . If you h a v e f r i e n d s w h o w o u l d l i k e t o s e e a s p e c i m e n copy of T h e Malaya Catholic Leader, please send their address.

too, a n y children of t h e m a r r i a g e have t h e bad e x a m p l e of o n e of t h e p a r e n t s who n e v e r fulfils Catholic duties, even if t h e poor children be b r o u g h t u p as Catholics a t all. T h e Catholic p a r t y is c o n s t a n t l y s u b j e c t t o discoura g e m e n t in t h e p r a c t i c e of h i s or h e r religion, a n d is even exposed to t h e d a n g e r of a complete loss of faith and of salvation in t h e end. Nor a r e mixed m a r r i a g e s , as a rule, in t h e i n t e r e s t s of t h e p a r t i e s t h e m s e l v e s from t h e point of view of m u t u a l happiness. M a r r i a g e is difficult e n o u g h in a n y case w hen t h e first glow of love begins to settle down t o t h e realities of life. I t is v a s t l y more difficult w h e n t h e P r o t e s t a n t does not u n d e r s t a n d Catholic w a v s , h a s no s y m p a t h y a t all w i t h t h e Catholic p a r t y on t h e m o s t vital of

j St. P a u l clearly m a n i f e s t s t h i s j doctrine by his words, " B e h a v e ! thyself in t h e house of God, w h i c h ! is t h e C h u r c h of t h e living God, ! t h e pillar and ground of t r u t h . " I. j Tim. III., 15. The early F a t h e r s j insist upon t h e infallibility of t h e | Church, and reason also tells us I t h a t t h e u n i t y of t h e Church could not be m a i n t a i n e d if she could fail j in h e r t e a c h i n g of t h e t r u t h ; v e r y i holiness forbids h e r e s y ; h e r ea| tholicity d e m a n d s expansion w i t h i out loss of t h e self-same t e a c h i n g ; : whilst h e r apostolicity r e o u i r e s t perpetual duration of an u n c h a n g i ed Apostoh'c doctrine. Finally, if t h e Catholic Church be n o t inI falihle, then t h e r e is no C h u r c h on e a r t h which is such a s C h r i s t predicted. I

c h a r m for t h e soul t u r n e d t o t h a t Divine Love w h i c h opened its a r m s upon t h e Cross t o welcome us." T h e m a n w h o said t h a t w a s as C h r i s t i a n a n d Catholic as St. Benedict, a n d f a r m o r e typical of the R e n a i s s a n c e t h a n Machiavelli. Michelangelo, C o n t a r i n i , E r a s m u s and More w e r e m e n of t h a t a e e . Machiavelli did n o t come into his own until t h e e i g h t e e n t h century, and t h e n precisely because his ideas suited t h e e i g h t e e n t h century. Again one h a s a sense of an imposed p i c t u r e in M r . Gregory's account of E n g l i s h h i s t o r y . T h e r e is no evidence, except in n i n e t e e n t h centurv w r i t e r s , f o r s a v i n g t h a t the F n g l i s h w e r e a l w a y s a n t i - \ Catholic because i n s u l a r and living on t h e fringe of E u r o p e a n civih*- j nation. In t h e e i g h t h , t e n t h and twelfth c e n t u r i e s E n g l a n d was,

perhaps, t h e most cultured s t a t e in t h e West, and as often a s a n o t h e r c o u n t r y Catholic in life a n d outlook. B u t Mr. Gregory has w r i t t e n a book which in t h e main is so good, so learned and so thoughtful t h a t to pVr! fa^Jt with it at all seems churlish. H e packs into a sentence as much t h o u g h t as most w r i t e r s j spread over a page, and if his j language is sometimes dim he rarely fails t o make his m e a n i n g clear. As an observer of modern I cant he is acute. "A m a n who • sincerely desires to be rid of t h e slums does not cultivate the sincerity of his desire b u t s e t s about ^ettln^ rid of the s l u m s . A cult of absolute honesty is p r i m a f a c i e evidence t h a t its initiates a r e dishonest." This is a really i m p o r t a n t book. (Laurence Oliver, in Blaekfriars).

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R e v , e w AND

PHILOSOPHY.

T h e Unfinished Universe. Bv T. S. Gregory. ( F a b e r & F a b e r ; 8s. 6d.). T h e opposition of t h e C h u r c h and t h e world is a n opposition of two concepts of m a n ' s n a t u r e , and therefore of t w o concepts of society, of t h e Universe, of God. Such is Mr. G r e g o r y ' s a r g u m e n t ; and his analyses of h u m a n i s m and stoicism, C h r i s t i a n belief and syncretism, gnosticism and modernism, and t h e genesis of t h e modern theory of toleration all seem t o fit t h e facts w i t h a m a z i n g exactitude. He is a t his best, p e r h a p s , w h e r e he shows t h a t t h e H e b r e w and Catholic doctrine of Providence and t h e C h u r c h holds an explanation of t h e t i m e sequence a n d t h e casual relation of h u m a n a c t s , which Greek doctrine, e i t h e r in its philosophy or d r a m a , did not a n d could not give. In one sentence he crystallizes t h e two viewpoints. "Man does not s t a n d off from life to ask t h e r e a s o n w h y : he s t a n d s involved in life a n d asks t h e p u r pose w h y . " Yet, despite t h e p e n e t r a t i o n of Mr. Gregory's analyses and t h e impressive r a n g e of his r e a d i n g ; one is not a l t o g e t h e r satisfied w i t h his account of Greek t h o u g h t . H e shows—and it is a piece of w o r k w o r t h y of t h e h i g h e s t p r a i s e — how t h e doctrine of t h e selfsufliciency of m a n , t h e t r e a t m e n t of religion a s a n explanation or projection of m a n ' s desires, t h e exaltation of t h e city s t a t e a t t h e expense of t r a d i t i o n , t h e opposi tion of t h e s p i r i t of t h e body, a n d t h e g o v e r n m e n t of all t h i n g s by F a t e , do f o r m a complete p i c t u r e . B u t this p i c t u r e w a s d r a w n a t t h e end of t h e second c e n t u r y w i t h t h a t a r c h - p r i g M a r c u s Aurelius, or. p e r h a p s , m o r e exactly w i t h Julian in t h e f o u r t h c e n t u r y ; and we ask ourselves, w a s it even implicity p r e s e n t in Greek t h o u g h t ? One w r i t e r here, a n o t h e r t h e r e , s u g g e s t w h a t l a t e r becomes an element of t h e p i c t u r e ; b u t m i g h t not t h a t element be used to form a n o t h e r p i c t u r e ? Can we, indeed, as Mr. G r e g o r y a s s e r t s , identify Greek t h o u g h t w i t h t h e "idealistic a n d magical account of t h e univ e r s e " and J e w i s h t h o u g h t w i t h t h e " realistic and religious account " Or, a t least, can we a s s u m e a necessary opposition between t h e t w o ? Mr. Gregory show s in a magnificent p a s s a g e t h a t the Council of Chalcedon r e conciled Greek t h o u g h t to itself; therefore Greek t h o u g h t could not h a v e been so fundamentally opposed to t h e "realistic and religious." T h e final p i c t u r e d r a w n by those who claimed t o be t h e heirs of Greece, t h e stoics and p a n t h e i s t s of t h e t h i r d c e n t u r y and t h e n a t u r e - w o r s h i p p e r s of t h e eighteenth c e n t u r v , w a s certaiulv and fundamentally opposed. B u t w h y visit t h e sins of t h e children on their fathers? T h e Greek " m a g i c i a n " did not e r r in r e g a r d i n g only a p a r t of reality and consciously p u t t i n g t h e rpst aside—provided he did not f o r e e t t h e limitation. Like A r i s totle he m i g h t , indeed, rise t o a n a t u r a l knowledge of God; real, not idealistic, because he s t r e t c h e d out in his s t u d v t o reality. He cannot be d a m m e d by t h e l a t e r philosophers who forgot t h e limitation and concluded t h a t t h e y kn^w all t h e r e w a s to k n o w of God. T h e stoics were h e i r s of T

Greece, but so also were J u s t i n and Clement of Alexandria, w h o remembered the limitation and accepted t h e Christian revelation. Moreover, if t h e "religious" cosmology w a s preserved in Israel it w a s preserved by no m e a n s p u r e and perfect. The P h a r i s e e s w i t h t h e i r tribal i n t r e p r e t a t i o n of God's revelation and providence and t h e i r o b s c u r a n t i s t adherence t o custom had become in t r u t h blind leaders of t h e blind. So t h e W o r d was made Flesh not merely to r a t i f y t h e " religious " view and d e m a n d t h e submission of t h e " m a g i c a l . " Christ fulfilled t h e prophecies, and fulfilling m a d e t h e m clear. He destroyed the perversions of divine revelation which t h e "relig i o u s " view had i n t r o d u c e d ; h e also made it possible for t h e I " m a g i c a l " mind of t h e Greek t o I e n t e r directly into his mystical ;bcdy. H e sent his Apostle to t h e Gentiles to use t h e a l t a r of t h e Unjknown God as t h e p r e p a r a t i o n for announcing his Lordship of all. Greek t h o u g h t , which g r a s p e d t h e rationality of h u m a n n a t u r e a n d therefore strove t o m a k e nomos and physis one, w as fulfilled in Christ no less t h a n were t h e H e b rew prophecies. Mr. G r e g o r y s a y s t h a t patriarchal authority was the basis of Benedictine, monasticism, w hereas, in fact, it was nomos, t h e jLaw, t h e Rule. j But it is in h i s e s t i m a t e of t h e Renaissance t h a t one finds m o s t t o criticize. (And here it m a y be noted t h a t h e gives b u t little evidence for his views, while in [dealing w i t h Greek philosophy and jeighteenth c e n t u r y t h o u g h t h e jdocuments his accounts very (thoroughly.) Like Nicholas Berdvaey h e r e g a r d s t h e R e n a i s s a n c e w i t h a jaundiced eye and b l a m e s it. not only for L u t h e r and Calvin b u t for Hobbes and Rousseau and t h e whole modern development. B u t t h i s t h e o r y of necessity in jhistorical evolution needs proof. T h e gorgeous delight in n a t u r e jwhich characterized t h e Renaissance w a s not t h e same thin^ a s Ithe eighteenth c e n t u r y doctrine of n a t u r e , and if Mr. Gregory can see jin Leonardo da Vinci a P r o t e s t a n t land h u m a n i s t one can set UP [against him Michelangelo: " P a i n t ling and sculpture will lose t h e i r 7

7

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A SYMBOL ft is difficult to express the reverent love w e fee! for those who are gone. A funeral here and a Symbol of remembrance aid and comfort the bereaved.

SINGAPORE CASKET C O . PENHAS ROAD. SINGAPORE

2.)


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , SATURDAY,

Woman's

27th JULY, 1935.

Page

o

What Do Your Children Read? You could s a y " I t h i n k one of E V E R Y m o t h e r ( f a t h e r too, b u t m o t h e r chiefly sees t h e s e t h i n g s ) t h o s e p a p e r s e n o u g h every w e e k — should h a v e some good idea of a n d if I find too m a n y of t h e m I w h a t h e r children read, a n d also shall t h i n k you h a v e so m u c h some influence over t h e i r r e a d i n g pocket money you h a v e n ' t e n o u g h matter. to do w i t h it, a n d r e d u c e it. I B y t h i s I do not m e a n t h a t s h e c a n ' t h a v e t h e h o u s e o v e r r u n w i t h m u s t l a y down laws s a y i n g y o u c h e a p papers. shall r e a d t h i s or t h a t , a n d n o t h i n g You can appeal to t h e child else: t h a t w ould be c o u r t i n g dis- a b o u t his e y e s i g h t which t h e poor a s t e r , f o r t h e q u i c k e s t w a y t o p r i n t menaces, or t o h i s a r t i s t i c m a k e t h e a v e r a g e boy or girl do t a s t e by r e f e r r i n g to t h e p o v e r t y s o m e t h i n g you don't w ant t h e m t o of t h e p i c t u r e s and i l l u s t r a t i o n s . do is t o forbid t h e m t o do it.. A n d as w i t h a baby, if you w i s h B u t if a m o t h e r tactfully con- t o t a k e s o m e t h i n g from h i m , you ceives w i t h t h e schoolboy o r school- usually avoid squalls by s u b s t i t u t girl a b o u t w h a t h e o r s h e shall i n g s o m e t h i n g else, so you c a n do read, t h e r e is usually no t r o u b l e t h e s a m e now. S a y : "I'd r a t h e r you r e a d b e t t e r p a p e r s , a n d if you over t h e m a t t e r . c a n n o t afford t h e m , t h e n I m u s t If h e o r s h e b r i n g s in a s t r a n g e book of w h i c h you k n o w n o t h i n g — w h a t would you like m e t o b u y ?" it is y o u r ^ d u t y , a s p a r e n t , a n d L e t t h e m h a v e a s wide JEL choice a s responsible in God's e y e s f o r t h e y o u can, and if you h a v e several cleanliness of y o u r c h i l d ' s m i n d , children and t h e r e a r e m o r e t h a n h e a r t a n d soul, a s well a s f o r t h e one or t w o choices, t h e n t a k e t h e m s a n i t y of h i s mind, to a s k t a c t f u l l y , in t u r n each w eek. T h i s is good " W h a t a r e you r e a d i n g t o - d a y ? b e c a u s e in t h e i n t e r v e n i n g w e e k s it is likely t h a t t h o s e i n t e r e s t e d in May I s e e ? " s o m e serial o r o t h e r in t h e b e t t e r Or, b e t t e r still, if you c a n only p a p e r , which it is not t h e i r t u r n t o m a n a g e t i m e for it, " I've a h o r r i d h a v e t h i s w e e k will b u y i t o u t of lot of d a r n i n g t o do. Could y o u t h e i r m o n e y i n s t e a d of t h e t r a s h y r e a d m e a b i t of y o u r p a p e r w h i l s t one, r a t h e r t h a n m i s s t h e i r a d v e n I do i t — t o help m e a l o n g ? " F e w t u r e s . children w h o love t h e i r m o t h e r Most of all, do s u r r o u n d y o u r could r e s i s t t h a t appeal, a n d it h a s t h e a d d e d a d v a n t a g e t h a t you c a n children w i t h Catholic l i t e r a t u r e . i m m e d i a t e l y tell w h e t h e r t h e i r I t is not a l w a y s e a s y — C a t h o l i c r e a d i n g is sensible or m o r b i d a n d p a p e r s h a v e s u c h a h a r d fight besilly, b e c a u s e if t h e f o r m e r t h e side c h e a p t r a s h y ones. T h e y , child m a k e s no ado a b o u t r e a d i n g t h e Catholics, b y r e a s o n of t h e less a n y p a r t of it, and if t h e l a t t e r will s u p p o r t t h e y get, a n d limited I obviously t r y t o r e a d t o you w h a t m a r k e t , c a n n o t afford t o c o m p e t e | h e t h i n k s you will find i n n o c u o u s . w i t h t h e s e c u l a r p r e s s , b u t t h a t should not be a r e a s o n w h y w e — P a r e n t s should influence child- Catholics in every fibre, should r e n ' s r e a d i n g a s m u c h a s possible, not give t h e m t h e u t m o s t s u p p o r t and y e t if undue infuence is used we can. t h e child, besides r e s e n t i n g it, will T h e r e are good Catholic weekh a v e all initiative, c r u s h e d . N o r e a d i n g m a t t e r obviously a p p e a l s lies, a n d Catholic m o n t h l i e s which supply pages of i n t e r e s t t o the to e v e r y t a s t e . g r o w i n g boy a n d girl, a n d p a g e s If y o u see y o u r h o u s e i n u n d a t e d f o r v e r y little ones, a n d t h e r e is w i t h c h e a p p a p e r s of w b i c h t h e even a b o y s ' " b l o o d - a n d - t h u n d e r " bad p r i n t a n d t h e poor p i c t u r e s a r e p a p e r every f o r t n i g h t , specially for t h e l e a s t trouble, you should s t o p boys—which c o m p a r e s v e r y well it s o m e h o w . If you t h i n k it u n - w i t h i t s irreligious c o n t e m p o r a r i e s . wise, a s it well m a y be, t o p u t y o u r I t s s t i r r i n g t a l e s and- i n t e r e s t i n g foot d o w n properly, t h e n t r y t o do p a r a g r a p h s o u g h t to please a n y schoolboy. it g r a d u a l l y .

"Every child needs milk every day."

r

r

r

O N E SECRET OF A H A P P Y LIFE.

m e a n s t o u s — j u s t one little day. " D o t o d a y ' s d u t y ; fight t o d a y ' s t e m p t a t i o n s , a n d do not w e a k e n or One secret of a sweet a n d h a p p y d i s t r a c t yourself b y looking forC h r i s t i a n life is l e a r n i n g t o live b y w a r d t o t h i n g s you c a n n o t see, t h e d a y . I t is t h e long s t r e t c h e s a n d could n o t u n d e r s t a n d if you t h a t t i r e u s . We t h i n k of life a s j s a w t h e m . " God gives u s n i g h t s . a whole, r u n n i n g on for u s . W e to s h u t down upon o u r little d a y s . Short c a n n o t c a r r y t h i s load u n t i l we W e cannot see beyond. are three-score-and-ten. W e can horizons m a k e life easier a n d give not fight t h i s b a t t l e continually us one of t h e blessed s e c r e t s of for half a c e n t u r y . B u t really, b r a v e , t r u e , holy living. t h e r e a r e no long s t r e t c h e s . Life COURAGE. does n o t come t o u s all a t one t i m e ; it comes only a d a y a t a It calls for courage t o decide, in time. E v e n t o m o r r o w is n e v e r t h e fair m o r n i n g of y o u t h , t h a t o u r s until it becomes t o d a y , a n d w e h a v e n o t h i n g w h a t e v e r t o do t h e s t r a i g h t w h i t e w a y of h o n o u r is t h e way t o follow; it r e q u i r e s w i t h it b u t to p a s s down t o it a f a i r a n d good i n h e r i t a n c e in t o - c o u r a g e t o continue it w h e n t h e d a y ' s w o r k well done, and t o d a y ' s voices of t h e world a n d o n e ' s own lower n a t u r e clamour for i t s forlife well lived. I t is a blessed secret t h i s , of liv- s a k i n g : it t a k e s courage, w h e n one i n g b y t h e day. A n y one can car- h a s yielded, t o swing back i n t o t h e r y h i s b u r d e n , however h e a v y , till old r i g h t p a t h . Yes, it t a k e s nightfall. A n y o n e can do h i s courage to s t r i v e a f t e r t h e ideal. w o r k , h o w e v e r h a r d , for one d a y . j L e t us l e a r n h e r e below t o give A n y o n e can live sw eetly, p a t i e n t l y , \ God t h e confession of p r a i s e which lovingly, p u r e l y until t h e sun goes we o u g h t to hope t o give H i m in d o w n . A n d t h i s is all life e v e r heaven. r

MILKMAID MILK HOUSEHOLD HOUSE

RECIPES

HINTS.

CORNISH PASTIES. Cut a q u a r t e r - p o u n d of m u t t o n or i>t ef and a q u a r t e r - p o u n d of p o t a t o e s into small p i e c e s , m i n c e a s m a l l piece of onion, add p e p p e r and s a l t , and mix. R u b t h r e e o u n c e s of dripping- into half a pound o f flour, add baking- powder, salt, and w a t e r ; m a k e a stiff p a s t e , roll, c u t into e i g h t s q u a r e s . P u t a tablespoonful of the m i x t u r e on e a c h , w e t the e d g e s , a n d d r a w t h e t w o o p p o s i t e corners t o g e t h e r , p r e s s t h e e d g e s a n d crimp them with t h e t h u m b a n d f i n g e r . P l a c e on a g r e a s e d t i n and b a k e in a q u i c k oven for twenty minutes.

CLEANING.

j

How to sweep a room.—1. Close doors and windows so t h a t d u s t m a y not blow about. 2. P r e p a r e t h e room by leaving t h e floor as free a s possible. 3. Well w a s h some tea leaves or d a m p some small pieces of newsp a p e r and t h r o w these on p a r t of t h e carpet to be swept first. 4. B r u s h evenly t h e w a y of t h e pile and avoid r a i s i n g a d u s t . 5. When one portion is finished, do a second portion the s a m e w a y . 6. G a t h e r up all t h e dust and t e a leaves in pan a n d b u r n it. Tea leaves or damp help to g a t h e r t h e d u s t from- t h e c a r p e t and prevent it flying about. Allow t h e d u s t to settle b e f o r e beginning t o : —

BEEF AND KIDNEY PUDDING. Cut h a l f - p o u n d of b e e f a n d quarterpound of k i d n e y i n t o t h i n s l i c e s , dip each piece in a s e a s o n i n g of flour, salt and pepper, a n d roll up w i t h a si»:ail piece of f a t . P u t h a l f a p o u n d of flour into a bowl, a d d a t e a s p o o n f u l of baking powder, three o u n c e s of s u e t finely chopped, and s a l t ; m i x w i t h e n o u g h cold w a t e r to m a k e a stiff p a s t e ; cut off onet.\ird for cover, roll out ih<> remainder, and line a g r e a s e d b a s i n ( p i n t and a h a l f ) , p u t in t h e m e a t a n d quarter-pint of cold w a t e r , c o v e r w i t h t h e p a s t e cut off, f a s t e n t h e e d g e s w e l l together; cover w i t h a g r e a s e d p a p e r , a n d steam t w and a half or t h r e e h o u r s . T h i s m a y be d o n e b y p u t t i n g the pudd ing into a s a u c e p a n w i t h sufficient b o i l i n g w a t e r t o r e a c h w i t h i n half an inch of t h e t o p of t h e b a s i n . If m a d e w i t h s h i n of b e e f , t h e meat j should b e s t e w e d a b o u t t w o hours before ! p u t t i n g i t into t h e c r u s t .

D u s t . — F o r t o p s of pictures, books or chandeliers, use a f e a t h e r duster. F o r furniture and woodw o r k a very slightly damped cott o n one and for o r n a m e n t s a soft or silk one. Dust the highest t h i n g s first and in every case g a t h e r u p t h e dust and occasionally s h a k e out t h e duster in t h e open a i r . In d u s t i n g chairs and tables, p a y p a r t i c u l a r attention to t h e legs. The mantelpiece should h a v e t h e o r n a m e n t s removed, dusted a n d placed on t h e table while t h e b o a r d is well wiped down. U s e a slightly d a m p duster for the w a i n s c o t t i n g and window ledges, ajso for t h e d o o r ; then r u b w i t h a d r y one.

0

YORKSHIRE PUDDING. Mix half a t e a s p o o n f u l of s a l t and half a pound o f flour t o g e t h e r , Break an e g g in a c u p , add flour, a n d m i x quite s m o o t h l y w i t h a l i t t l e m i l k ; b e a t well; let t h e r e be n o l u m p s i n it. Add the | r e m a i n d e r of a p i n t o f m i l k b y degrees. B a k e or r o a s t t h e m e a t w i t h i n half an hour of b e i n g c o o k e d . P o u r s o m e dripp i n g f r o m t h e m e a t i n t o a dripping tin and pour in t h e p u d d i n g , b a k e for half an hour.

How to lay a fire.—The g r e a t secrets of laying a fire a r e : — 1 . i cloth, t h e n s c r u b w i t h t h e brush H a v e e v e r y t h i n g dry. 2. H a v e and soap, w o r k i n g t h e w a y of the r o o m for plenty of air so t h a t it g r a i n i n g of t h e wood, wipe over will b u m up quickly. j again and finally r i n s e with clean In t h e bottom of the g r a t e place j w a t e r from second b u c k e t . Squeeze a few balls of lightly crumpled t h e cloth well a n d d r y a s well as p a p e r . On t h i s cross some sticks | possible. T h e n do a second patch w i t h one end r e s t i n g on t h e b a r s in t h e s a m e w a y a n d so on until of t h e g r a t e so t h a t t h e y will be j whole is finished. L i g h t a fire and held up when t h e paper b u r n s . On open the widows t o d r y and ais t h i s build (with plenty of a i r i t h e room. N e v e r let it be used until it is p r o p e r l y d r y . space) some pieces of coal and K i t c h e n . — T h e s e c r e t s of having cinders about t h e size of an egg. One m a t c h should cause all t h i s to a nice k i t c h e n is contained in two b u r n and parafin should n e v e r be old m o t t o e s : — 1. Clear a s you go. used t o light any fire. It is a wasteful and dangerous h a b i t . 2. A place for e v e r y t h i n g and How to scrub a floor.—First * e v e r y t h i n g i n i t s place. sweep u p all t h e dust a n d t h e n get If t h e s e t w o rules were rigidly a pad to kneel on, two pails of hot a d h e r e d to, it is wonderful what a w a t e r , s c r u b b i n g brush, soap, and s a v i n g of d i r t , t i m e and trouble cloths. Begin a t corner f u r t h e s t t h e r e would be. I t is most imporfrom t h e door and work back- t a n t t h a t t h e k i t c h e n , where our w a r d s . F i r s t wipe over a s q u a r e food is p r e p a r e d , should be kept y a r d or so of t h e floor w i t h a d a m n b r i g h t and clean. !


MALAYA CATHOLIC LEADER, SATURDAY,

27th JULY, 1935.

ST. BRIGID'S BIRTHPLACE VISITED BY PILGRIMS IMPRESSIVE THRONGS A T F A U G H A R T SHRINE IRELAND'S

PATRONESS

THE

HONOURED

T h e p i l g r i m a g e w a s promoted by t h e St. V i n c e n t de Paul Conferences in Dublin, a n d t h e participants included l a r g e c o n t i n g e n t s from t h e capital, from Belfast, and elsew h e r e , L o u t h , A r m a g h , and Tyrone being p a r t i c u l a r l y well represented. Special t r a i n s , buses and cars b r o u g h t t h o u s a n d s t o t h e hallowed spot. I n t h e afternoon, a t 3 o'clock, t h e pilgrims assembled a t Kilcurry Church, from w h i c h t h e relic of t h e Saint w a s b o r n e in procession t o F a u g h a r t , t w o miles a w a y . In t h e r a n k s w e r e t h e Dublin Confrat e r n i t i e s , w e a r i n g t h e i r distinctive h a b i t s , c o n f r a t e r n i t i e s from F a u g h a r t a n d o t h e r centres, a s well as t h o u s a n d s of p i l g r i m s and m a n y bands—amongst them the Artane School Band. T h e countryside, normally so quiet, w a s a s t i r ; t h e sound of m a r c h i n g feet a n d sacred music field t h e a i r ; flags and b a n n e r s were aglow in t h e r a d i a n t sunshine. It w a s a s t i r r i n g scene, and even m o r e impressive w a s t h e g r e a t h o s t i n g a t t h e s h r i n e itself, in a beautiful sylvan s e t t i n g t h a t cann o t have c h a n g e d m u c h since t h o s e d i s t a n t d a y s w h e n t h e y o u n g St. Brigid m a d e F a u g h a r t a place of cherished m e m o r y . W h e n t h e relic had been placed before t h e s h r i n e , t h e R o s a r y w a s recited in Irish, and V e r y Rev. J. J. McCarroll, P . P . , of J a m e ' s - s t r e e t , Dublin, p r e a c h e d an impressive sermon. H e h a s been an o u t s t a n d i n g figure in p r o m o t i n g t h e revival of j devotion t o St. Brigid, and for h i m j especially t h e g r e a t g a t h e r i n g m u s t ! h a v e been a h e a r t e n i n g spectacle, j Six Y e a r s A g o . T h a t magnificent pilgrimage t o h e r birthplace, h e said, showed t h a t St. Brigid, queen of t h e I r i s h saints, h a d now come into h e r own. T h e s p a r k t h a t m a d e t h e spirit of j devotion to t h e Saint blaze f o r t h j was s t r u c k six y e a r s ago, when t h e Archbishop of Dublin enshrined h e r holy relic a t Killester. She came back in h e r relic from h e r exile in P o r t u g a l , t h e y e a r Ireland celebrated Catholic E m a n c i p a t i o n , and each y e a r since t h e United I Confraternities of t h e City of D u b - j lin and its s u b u r b s came to Killes- | t e r to recite t h e i r Holy Office in h e r honour and t a k e p a r t in t h e procession of h e r relic. T h a t w a s a w o r t h y and edifying t r i b u t e from t h e Catholic w o r k e r s of Dublin. All credit t o t h e P r e s s of Ireland | for t h e i r noble s h a r e in t h e revival. T h r o u g h it w a s spread t h r o u g h o u t t h e world t h e glad t i d i n g s t h a t t h e Mary of t h e Gael w a s once again enshrined in t h e h e a r t s of h e r own people. S t . B r i g i d ' s F e a s t Day. His E m i n e n c e Cardinal MacRory had used h i s good offices with t h e Holy F a t h e r t o g e t t h e P i l g r i m a g e to F a u g h a r t recognised as an official P i l g r i m a g e of t h e Church. It was t h e e a r n e s t and pious hope of all Ireland t h a t his Eminence t h e

Cardinal would go still f u r t h e r and secure t h a t St. Brigid's F e a s t would be raised to its proper dignity a n d m a d e a Holy D a y a t least for Ireland. St. Brigid was a great saint. She w a s also a great women, the greatest of Irish women. No (me knew better than Brigid what the Christian home meant. As the home was, so would the nation be. If the home was right, the nation would develop on the proper lines. She t a u g h t h e r n u n s in h e r convent a t Kildare how t o i n s t r u c t t h e girls of Ireland to r u n t h e i r homes on t h e p r o p e r lines. Nowadays t h e r e w a s an u n f o r t u n a t e inclination t o s t r e s s t h e o r n a m e n t a l side of education. Brigid insisted on t h e instruction of girls in t h e work of t h e d a i r y , a m o n g t h e h e r d s , how to weave and spin a n d dye, in fact how to r u n t h e i r h o m e s . That was the greatest thing a girl could aspire t o — t o r u n a home. I t w a s a responsible a n d a whole-

MEXICO UNIVER SITY R E - O P E N S

LOSS T O SACRED COLLEGE

EXTENSION COURSES LAUNCHED

CARDINAL LA FONTAINE DIES AT VENICE

Mexico City.—After a w e e k ' s suspension, t h e N a t i o n a l A u t o nomous University of Mexico h a s r e s u m e d courses in all t h e faculties and schools of t h e U n i versity, and t h e s t u d e n t s h a v e r e t u r n e d to t h e i r classes w i t h m a r k e d o r d e r and discipline. A t t h e suggestion of Alfonso Caso, t h e University Council h a s i n a u g u r a t e d extension courses for s t u d e n t s inscribed f o r t h e first t h r e e y e a r s of t h e b a c c a l a u r e a t e in a n a t t e m p t to cooperate w i t h P r e s i d e n t Cardenas in h i s plans for u n i v e r s i t y education. However, Carlos C u e s t a Gallardo, p r e s i d e n t of t h e * S t u d e n t s ' F e d e r a t i o n of G u a d a l a j a r a , w h o h a d come to t h e Capital in connection w i t h s t u d e n t affairs in Jalisco, h a d t o r e t u r n h a s t i l y t o Guadalaj a r a to prevent a d e m o n s t r a t i o n a g a i n s t t h e professors and s t u d e n t s of t h e a u t o n o m o u s schools incorporated by t h e N a t i o n a l U n i v e r s i t y of Mexico. A c c o r d i n g t o information received b y Cuesta Gallardo, t h e d e m o n s t r a t i o n w a s being organized by police a n d e m ployes of the Jaliscan State G o v e r n m e n t for t h e p u r p o s e of causing another disturbance such as t h e one of March 3 , which h a d such t r a g i c results. T h e University Students' Feder a t i o n of t h e Federal D i s t r i c t h a s issued a s t a t e m e n t in which i t commends and upholds t h e decision of t h e University .Council r e g a r d ing extension courses as " a real solution of a complicated problem." According to a s t a t e m e n t m a d e by t h e Rector, t h e N a t i o n a l A u t o nomous University is facing g r a v e difficulties due to t h e economic crisis. Tuition fees and t h e budget allocation are n o t sufficient to meet t h e needs of t h e U n i v e r s i t y and not a single donation h a s been received from an individual t h i s year. The Rector h a s been in conference with t h e treasurer, m e m b e r s of t h e T r e a s u r y C o m m i s sion and financial e x p e r t s in a n endeavour to solve t h e financial difficulties of t h e U n i v e r s i t y . (N.C.W.C.)

We r e g r e t to a n n o u n c e t h e d e a t h of his Eminence Cardinal Pietro La Fontaine, P a t r i a r c h of Venice and P r i m a t e of Dalmatia, which occurred in Venice last Tuesday. The late Cardinal w a s born a t Viterbo in 1860 and w a s ordained to t h e priest-hood in 1883. H e w a s appointed Bishop of Cassano a l l l o n i o in 1906, and w a s t r a n s ferred t o t h e T i t u l a r See of Caryst u s in 1910, w h e n h e w a s appointed s e c r e t a r y to t h e Sacred Congregation of Rites. In 1915 h e w a s a p pointed P a t r i a r c h of Venice, and in t h e following y e a r he become Cardinal priest. Cardinal L a F o n t a i n e took a special i n t e r e s t in t h e m o v e m e n t t o b r i n g t h e Anglicans i n t o t h e Catholic C h u r c h . In t h e p a s t t w e n t y y e a r s h e discharged m a n y import a n t missions. H e w a s Papal L e g a t e to t h e D a n t e c e n t e n a r y celebrations a t R a v e n a in 1921, to t h e plenary council of Venetia in 1923, to t h e E u c h a r i s t i c Congresses a t Chioggia in 1923 and Ancona in 1927. In 1933, t h e y e a r in which h e celebrated h i s sacerdotal golden jubilee, h e w a s P a p a l L e g a t e a latere t o t h e celebrations in honour of t h e 250th a n n i v e r s a r y of t h e liberation of Vienna. (The Standard).

The second national pilgrimage to S t . Brigid's birthplace a t F a u g h a r t , n e a r Dundalk, brought great n u m b e r s to t h e s h r i n e . From far and n e a r t h e y came t o testify to t h e i r devotion t o Ireland's p a t r o n e s s , a devotion which, it is g r a t i f y i n g t o note, is increasing y e a r by y e a r .

9

TORONTO UNIVERSITY PRODIGY. STUDENT WINS HIGH

The Pilgrims at the Shrine of St. Brigid at Faughart. t i m e j o b . E v e r y girl should be under Colonel Broy, t h e Commist r a i n e d and instructed with a view sioner, t h e e n t r a n c e to t h e shrine would be improved "and other work t o being able to u n d e r t a k e it. cone, t h e money for which would Precept and E x a m p l e . T h e stations of S t . Brigid were be provided by m e m b e r s of t h e St. recited by Rev. J. J . Murphy, C.C., Vincent de Paul Society. Kilcurry. Benediction of t h e BlessT h e c o m m i t t e e and stewards resed S a c r a m e n t was given by V e r y ponsible for t h e a r r a n g e m e n t s inRev. P . A. McKee. P . P . , F a u g h a r t , cluded Messrs. J. Clery (Presiassisted by Rev. B . Donnelly, C.C., d e n t ) , T. Nolan (hon. s e c ) , J. H a r Ravensdale, and Rev. P . Corcoran, rington (Vice-President), J. H a n C.C., Kilkerley. non, T. J. Walshe, Dr. Conor MarF a t h e r McKee, in a closing ad- tin, B . Glavin, Dr. C. A. Macken, d r e s s , welcomed t h e pilgrims, and J. S m y t h , J. E n g l i s h , P . J. Melling, p r a y e d t h a t h e r holy life and exam- W. J . Byrne, J . Cuffe, W. Millen, ple, h e r t e a c h i n g and precepts, F. Brady, M. J. Toner, T. J. Mcwould always be a guide for t h e m . C a r t h y , T. Malone and J. F . BridgeHe s t a t e d t h a t as a result of t h e j man. g e n e r o s i t y of t h e G a r d a Siochana, ( T h e Standard). (Continued at foot of col. 3) 1

HONOURS.

Toronto, O n t . — F r a n c o i s Cote, a y o u n g Catholic O t t a w a s t u d e n t of t h e medical faculty of t h e U n i v e r sity of Toronto, h a s provided t h e U n i v e r s i t y w i t h one of t h e m o s t brilliant records in i t s h i s t o r y . I t is announced b y t h e s e n a t e of t h e U n i v e r s i t y t h a t Mr. Cote, 24 y e a r s of age, h a s won five a w a r d s , t h e faculty of medicine gold medal, t h e Ellen Mickle fellowship, t h e Chappell prize in clinical s u r g e r y , t h e William J o h n H e n d r y Scholars h i p in obstetrics a n d gynecology and t h e Ontario Medical Association prize in p r e v e n t i v e medicine. Mr. Cote w a s e d u c a t e d a t L a Salle Academy, O t t a w a a n d the University o l Ottawa, where he was graduated with his Bachelor of A r t s degree. H e is also a wellknown ski-er and a n accomplished 'cellist.' L a s t year, he w o n a s c h o l a r s h i p w h i c h will enable h i m to t a k e a p o s t - g r a d u a t e course in s u r g e r y a t t h e Leeds U n i v e r s i t y , E n g l a n d . (N.C.W.C.)


10

this direction. It is therefore i n c u m b e n t o n l a y m e n t o testify Post Free, Local and Aoroad: by w ord and deed, t o the dignity 12 Months ... $6.00 of a salvation that came to us 6 Months ... $3.00 f r o m a stable in Bethlehem. 3 Months ... $1.50 Great many m e n blinded by All correspondence and literary worldliness cannot reconcile such contributions should be addressed humility w i t h their over-weening to The Managing Editor, Rev. pride. Such m e n will undoubt- I R. Cardon, 73, Bras Basah Road, edly be made to revise and reform Singapore. their pitiable views if they were Tel. 7376, Singapore. brought, in their workaday lives, | in contact w i t h practical Catho- i lies whose examples m i g h t serve | J&alag* Qnlkxtlxt ^ a i t e * j as an effective antidote to perverted hearts. SATURDAY, 2 7 t h JULY, 1935. R A T E S OF SUBSCRIPTION

r

LAY

APOSTOLATE-

I n this' article, w h i c h is indeed a continuation o f our previous leader, w e shall endeavour t o p o i n t o u t that the lay members of the Apostolic Church do not f o r m merely a mass o f dead w e i g h t b u t have certain f u n c t i o n s o f their o w n t o perform. T h e co-operation o f the l a i t y is as i m p o r t a n t as i t is necessary t o maintain the vitality o f the Church. It is an indispensable adjunct t o t h e priesthood w h i c h has been instituted by O u r Lord t o ensure that central u n i t y and directive leadership of t h e U n i versal C h u r c h i n matters o f Faith a n d morals. U n l i k e the Protestants, the Catholic l a y m e n are n o t required o n l y t o join i n congregational singing, leading 'impromptu' prayers or p l a y i n g the part o f amateur pulpiteers.' N o , that is certainly n o t t h e apostolate w e Catholics are called u p o n t o u n d e r t a k e . T h e Catholic rituals and services are more solemn and impressive than Protestant prayer meetings. O n the other hand it may be contended that the Sacrifice o f t h e Mass is offered b y t h e priests and the l a y m e n have to remain passive spectators. T h i s v i e w is decidedly w r o n g . T h e true significance o f the Mass is a c o m m e m o r a t i v e offering of Christ H i m s e l f t o G o d . It is in f a c t the m o s t perfect g i f t that m a n can offer G o d . Since Christ offered Himself u p for the universal redemption o f m a n k i n d , i t is therefore obvious that the priest at the altar and t h e layman i n the C h u r c h m u s t unite actively i n offering this Sacred I m m o l a t i o n . ' So, w e Catholics do n o t witness, the H o l y Mass b u t w e assist at it and b y doing this w i t h t h e correct disposition, w e unite . w i t h Christ Himself W h o is the real offeror o f the sacrifice. c

f

Let us pass o n n o w t o that aspect of the Lay Apostolate w h i c h is termed n o w a d a y s as * Catholic A c t i o n . ' I t is o n e o f t h e objects o f the C h u r c h t o give testimony t o the truth. Christ's mandate t o preach t o all nations w a s originally given to His disciples and this charter t o p r o pagate the Faith rightly belongs t o the clergy. O w i n g t o the present conditions o f t h e w o r l d , the Holy Father has wisely d e e m e d it imperative t o enlist the a c t i v e co-operation o f t h e laity in

This is a m i g h t y feature of Lay Catholic A c t i o n . T h e priests by reason of their religious office do n o t get such opportunity of always c o m i n g in close touch with I the stray sheep that must be reclaimed. In this connection, it is useful to recall that St. Francis was a layman w h e n he started the Franciscans, and so was St. Ignatius w h e n he started the j great order o f the Jesuits. Fur- j thermore it was l a y m e n w h o j started the St. V i n c e n t de Paul Society and a w o m a n w h o started the Eucharistic Congress movement. T h e help that t h e Church seeks of the l a y m e n is both individual as well as concerted action. In view o f the changed conditions of the m o d e r n world, concerted g r o u p a c t i o n will prove more effective. A s defenders of God's teaching and l a w it devolves o n all decent Catholics to manifest ' militant activity' in preserving the C h u r c h from the assaults of enemies. W e do not mean any application of physical force b y the w o r d m i l i t a n t ' as was understood i n t h e days of the Crusades w h e n the Turks had to be repelled b y t h e sword. W e desire all responsible Catholics to unite w ith soul force to withstand all evil efforts that threaten to divorce religion f r o m our lives and wreck Christian social and moral systems. T h e Church is gradually being c a u g h t in a maelstrom of irreligious turmoils and it is therefore increasingly opport u n e for lay Catholics t o prove conclusively to all atheistic reformers the superior imprint that religion and morality have left o n them. T h e Christianisation o f Europe w h i c h took ten long centuries t o materialise, is threatened b y a paganism which seeks t o dethrone it. r

c

r

O u r political, social and econom i c ills are primarily due t o the exclusion o f Christian principles f r o m our lives. N o w w h o may best influence a change in the right direction? It is the laity undoubtedly. It is their job because they are o n the spot and they tread these walks in the course of their temporal pursuits. W e w a n t valiant m e n and w o m e n for these great labours, and in volunteering for this form of service they are offering their endeavours for t h e greater glory of G o d . This is precisely the call

MR. G A N D H I O N C O N V E R S I O N S — A M I S G U I D E D NOTTTYXT — MEXICAN EDUCATION P L A N - G E R M A N I IFF A N D THOUGHT. Mr. Gandhi on Conversions. T h e Indian C h r i s t i a n M e s s e n g e r ' of Allahabad quotes M r . G a n d h i on C h r i s t i a n conversions in t h e following w o r d s : " I m u s t frankly s a y t h a t to-day e o m m u n a l i s m is using conversion t o g a i n i t s ends. V arious communities a r e o u t t o gain more n u m b e r s . M o h a m m e d a n p r o p a g a n d i s t s a n d C h r i s t i a n Missionaries h a v e given m e ample proof of t h i s conviction of mine. P r e a c h i n g p u r e and simple I cannot possibly oppose. I a m a preache r myself. B u t religion is such a sacred m a t t e r t h a t , w h e n it is preached, t h e motives should b e unsullied and, pure. Besides, r e ligious p r e a c h i n g should in t h e first instance b e p r a c t i s e d a n d lived a n d unless word is backed by life I a m suspicious of it. I could prove i t t o you t h a t a g r e a t deal of C h r i s t i a n medical a n d educational work is n o t f o r i t s own s a k e b u t w i t h a view t o a d d people t o t h e C h r i s t i a n C o m m u n i t y . . . If a person w a n t e d t o b e o u t a n d out a follower of C h r i s t a n d w a s a t t h e s a m e t i m e devoted t o h i s c o u n t r y a n d all t h e good in it, I would b e t h e last one t o oppose h:'s conversion. But maintain such conversions a r e r a r e . " These r e m a r k s a r e quite typical of t h e evasive a n d elusive m e t h o d s t h a t c h a r a c t e r i s e Mr. Gandhi in all h i s undertakings. H i s s u b t l e legal mind n e v e r forsakes h i m in fashioning glib a r g u m e n t s t h a t u s ually display t h e gloss which h a s induced t h e m a s s e s t o r e g a r d h i m a s a s u p e r - m a n endowed with almost p r e t e r n a t u r a l powers t h a t border on perfection a n d infallibility.

j Catholic C h u r c h h a s n e v e r prided j herself in n u m b e r s b u t in t h e q u a l i t y a n d p r a c t i c e of Christian V i r t u e s of H e r F a i t h f u l . T h a t is precisely w h a t is m e a n t b y an out and o u t follower of C h r i s t . * * * * *

Mexican E d u c a t i o n P l a n . T h e F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t of ; Mexico h a s a t last d r a w n u p and published a plan of action for the Socialist P r i m a r y School. A relatively long t i m e h a s p a s s e d since t h e c o n s t i t u t i o n w a s a m e n d e d t o require j compulsory socialistic education, and | while in m a n y p a r t s of t h e Republic ! t h i s t y p e of e d u c a t i o n h a s been \ i n s t i t u t e d b y S t a t e g o v e r n o r s or j o t h e r s , t h e F e d e r a l Government j evidently t h o u g h t i t w i s e t o take I no F e d e r a l s t e p u n t i l t h i n g s had T h e following facts I subsided. ! a p p e a r t o reveal t h e determined • actions in t h e field of education, calculated t o i m p a r t a distinct \ socialistic a n d a n t i - r e l i g i o u s touch to t h e y o u t h . H e r e a r e some of : t h e m a i n f e a t u r e s of t h e plan. I (1) T h e c o m p u l s o r y u s e of textbooks t o extol t h e v i r t u e s of t h e i l a b o u r i n g a n d p e a s a n t classes a t t h e e x p e n s e of t h e employers and t h e clergy. (2) T h e establishment j of b o a r d i n g schools, especiallv for •' a r m y children in Mexico billeted in v a r i o u s c e n t r e s s o t h a t there will be no b r e a k in t h e i r socialist education when t r o o p s a r e moved from o n e section t o a n o t h e r . (3) ; T h e " N a t i o n a l i s t C a l e n d a r and i P o p u l a r E n c y c l o p e d i a " is to be ! adopted b y all educational centres ; a n d in a special m a n n e r in t h e | r u r a l schools. T h e p a s s i n g of ; t h e s e m e a s u r e s , h a s t h e double aim of u p r o o t i n g religious tradij tions a n d of g l o r i f y i n g t h e re; volutionary r e g i m e . A Misguided Notion. * * * * * H e accuses C h r i s t i a n Missionaries of being keen on adding G e r m a n Life AND T h o u g h t . to the:*r n u m b e r s by w a y of T h e neo-pagan influence on Gerconversions a n d t h e r e b y intensi- j m a n life a n d t h o u g h t is becoming fying t h e communal spirit. May increasingly evident in t h e German we inquire h o w f a r Mr. Gandhi ; P r e s s . One r e a d s announcements will be gladdened t o h a v e some ! of " G e r m a n m a r r i a g e s " o r in the of his H i n d u a d h e r e n t s t u r n j case of obituaries t h a t " t h e piously over to t h e Moslems or sad- j deceased h a s come i n t o t h e vision dened if M o h a m m e d a n s c a m e over i of t h e G e r m a n G o d . " Such notieesto h i m ? Will t h a t help t o break i as " a y o u n g G e r m a n pagan is down t h e b a r r i e r s of eommun- | seeking e m p l o y m e n t " o r " a blonde a l i s m ? Speaking a s Catholics, we j G e r m a n p a g a n g i r l desires a life a r e r a t h e r amused a t Mr. Gandhi's companion" a r e n o t infrequently accusation of missionaries being seen in G e r m a n dailies. F u r t h e r all o u t t o r e g i s t e r g r e a t n u m b e r it is not u n u s u a l f o r some press of converts, a s t h o u g h such num- r e p o r t e r t o let h i s e n t h u s i a s m run bers would e n h a n c e t h e p r e s t i g e | a w a y w i t h h i m in c o m p a r i n g Hitler of t h e Church or t h e lack of t h e m to C h r i s t . H i t l e r , t h e y say. h a s lower h e r s t a t u s in worldly eyes. had t o win h i s c r o w n of victory H e h a s a p p a r e n t l y fallen into t h e and h i s 13 y e a r s ' climb h a s been general e r r o r of t h i n k i n g t h a t " a w a y of t h e c r o s s . " H e is deCatholic conversions a r e induced by s i g n a t e d a s t h e " c r e a t o r of t h e promises of t e m p o r a l a d v a n t a g e s . G e r m a n i c blood a n d d o m a i n " and It m u s t be clearly understood t h a t t h e one w h o h a s given " a new t h e spiritual benefits derivable by I conscience" t o t h e Cross which being a w o r t h y m e m b e r of t h e had ceased t o b e A historic fact. C h u r c h of C h r i s t v e r y often call In d e n y i n g H i t l e r a s b e i n e both for t e m p o r a l renunciations. T h e t h e i r religious a n d n a t i o n a l leader, essence of a w o r t h y a n d w o r t h - H e r r R u s t . M i n i s t e r of Education, while conversion, is t h a t t h e con- r e c e n t l y declared t h a t " t h o s e who v e r t a f t e r professing h i s a c t of arf of t h e opinion t h a t A relififious faith m u s t strive t h r o u g h his unification would b e possible should own m e r i t s for t h a t sanctifying cleary realise t h a t w e have been v n n m e iw I U I m a t csan^tilV lliv w a i t i n g in vain t h e s e four hung r a c e which is given t o h i m accord, dred y e a r s for A m a n t o solve t h a t ing t o t h e m e a s u r e of h i s own P r o t e s t a n t n o r A Catholic counpiety a n d perseverance. The ! t r y . " Since t h e r e i s n o chance oi of the Sovereign Pontiff t o the j a n o t h e r L u t h e r a p p e a r i n g on t h e scene, t h e NAZI u r g e will make laity, and let everyone contribute t h e m r e v e r t t o t h e worship oi in measure according as he is ' W o d e n ' and T h o r . ' What a placed in his respective station in splendid climb down from t n e sublime t o t h e m o n s t r o u s ! life. r

1


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , SATURDAY, REV.

STRAHAN ADDRESSES GRADUATES.

Modern World Confronting A n o t h e r Renaissance.

27th J U L Y , 1935.

11

GOSPEL

DIOCESE

OF

MALACCA.

Calendar for t h e Week.

f o r SUNDAY AFTER

J u l y 28. Sunday 7th S u n d a y a f t e r PENTECOST. P e n t e c o s t . Mass a n d V e s p e r s W a s h i n g t o n . — " I f we would surof t h e Sunday. ( M a t t . V I I , 15-21). vive we m u s t achieve a g a i n t h e J u l y 29. Monday. St. M a r t h a , V. i n t e g r a t i o n of all w e s t e r n c u l t u r e A t t h a t time, J e s u s said t o h i s disciples, B e w a r e of false J u l y 30. Tuesday. Ss. Abdon a n d in faith a s i t w a s in t h e a g e s of p r o p h e t s , w h o come t o you in t h e clothing of s h e e p , b u t i n w a r d l y Sennen, Mm. faith," t h e R e v . S p e e r S t r a h a n , of t h e y a r e ravening wolves. By t h e i r fruits you shall know t h e m . Do t h e D e p a r t m e n t of English of t h e J u l y 3 1 . Wednesday. St. I g n a t i u s men g a t h e r g r a p e s of t h o r n s , o r figs of t h i s t l e s ? E v e n so every Catholic U n i v e r s i t y of America, good t r e e bringeth f o r t h good f r u i t , and t h e evil t r e e b r i n g e t h f o r t h of Loyola, C. told t h e m e m b e r s of t h e g r a d u a t i n g evil f r u i t . A good t r e e cannot b r i n g forth evil fruit, n e i t h e r can A u g u s t 1. T h u r s d a y . St. P e t e r ' s classes y e s t e r d a y a t t h e a n n u a l an evil t r e e bring forth good fruit. E v e r y t r e e t h a t b r i n g e t h not Chains. B a c c a l a u r e a t e Mass in t h e S h r i n e forth good fruit shall be cut down, and shall b e c a s t i n t o t h e fire. A u g u s t 2. F r i d a y . St. Alfonsus of t h e I m m a c u l a t e Conception on W h e r e f o r e by their fruits you s h i l l know t h e m . N o t every one Liguori, B. & C. t h e c a m p u s of t h e university. t h a t s a i t h t o me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into t h e k i n g d o m of h e a v e n , A u g u s t 3. S a t u r d a y . T h e F i n d i n g but h e t h a t doth t h e will of m y F a t h e r who is in heaven, h e shall " We s t a n d like t h e m a n of t h e of t h e Body of S t . Stephen, e n t e r into t h e kingdom of heaven. early R e n a i s s a n c e fronting a new the First Martyr. age, r e a d i n g its unmistakable COMENTARY. b r i g h t n e s s in t h e s k y ; like t h e In t h i s Gospel J e s u s d r a w s a "will be cast i n t o t h e fire" if they m a r i n e r s of Columbus a s t h e y D I O C E S E O F MACAO. floated a l o n g t h r o u g h t h e Carib- ivery s h a r p line between t w o clas- do not m a k e u p t h e i r m i n d s to bean d u s k w i t h t h e i r senses full of i ses of C h r i s t i a n s . T h e r e a r e Chris- change t h e i r a t t i t u d e t o w a r d s t h e C H U R C H O F ST. J O S E P H . t h e signs a n d sounds of a new Jtians of word and C h r i s t i a n s of yoke which t h e y h a v e t a k e n upon Calendar for t h e week. world. Since, in t h e l a s t t h r e e jwork. J e s u s leaves t h e first b e - themselves. h u n d r e d y e a r s , t h o u g h t h a s m o r e ihind, t o be eaten u p b y t h e cares T h e fire. . . a n d S t . A u g u s t i n e . and m o r e t u r n e d aside from God, I of t h i s world, while H e t a k e s t h e St. A u g u s t i n e w h o h a d a deep Seventh SunJULY 28. S u n d a y . and become consciously atheistical j second along w i t h H i m t o t h e eterDAY a f t e r Pentecost. G r e e n in mood, f a i t h h a s become incom- jnal ideal of Heaven. T h i s distinc- insight of h u m a n n a t u r e h a d this v e s t m e n t s . P r o p e r of t h e M a s s parably m o r e difficult for u s t h e n i tion h a s h a d all along t w e n t y cen- p h r a s e which needs b u t little mediin t h e "Small Missal" p . 2 0 3 . it w a s f o r t h e ancients a n d t h e i t u r i e s a sense of actuality t h a t it tation : " t a k e a w a y t h e s i x t h and 1 seventh c o m m a n d m e n t s a n d t h e 1 j would a p p e a r t o have been m a d e Second collect of S t s . N a z a r i u s m a n of t h e Middle A g e s . H o w a n d Celsus, M a r t y r s , t h i r d t h e n c a n y o u hope for a n y t h i n g {just a few y e a r s back. A n d y e t it fire of hell shall c e a s e . " Modern M Christians s h o u l d learn t h i s p h r a s e M "Defend u s " p . 110, f o u r t h "O b u t d i s a s t e r in a n unbelieving i came from J e s u s ' lips. by h e a r t . I t is t h e real k e y to 1 God" p . 60. Preface of t h e world?" W h a t about Modern C h r i s t i a n s ? almost all t h e i r w o r r i e s a n d anxie- M Blessed Trinity. V e s p e r s of " I believe t h e world is even now t h e Sunday. C h r i s t i a n i t y is based on J e s u s ties about C h r i s t i a n i t y . T h e yoke |j a t t h e d a y - b r e a k of a n o t h e r a g e of i Christ a n d J e s u s Christ w a s a law- of Christ h a s t h u s t w o c o m m a n d - & J u l y 29. Monday. St. Martha, f a i t h , " c o n t i n u e d F a t h e r S t r a h a n . g i v e r . H e h a s left H i s l a w a n d m e n t s which m a k e it a l m o s t unV i r g i n . Semi-double. " T h e religious revolution that n a t u r a l l y H e requires h i s followers I bearable to t h o s e w h o a r e n o t " m e n ^ 30. T u e s d a y . S t s . Abdon swept E u r o p e t h r e e centuries a g o to obey it. C h r i s t i a n i t y i s t h u s a j of good will." A n d a r e m a n y ^ and Sennen, M a r t y r s , Simple. w a s to b e s u r e a prolonged h u r r i practical religion, a religion which j modern C h r i s t i a n s m e n of good c a n e of h o r r o r t h a t b r o u g h t in i t s a i m s a t t h e direct a n d i m m e d i a t e ; will ? Most b a d cases in t h e leak- J u l y 3 1 . Wednesday. S t . I g n a t i u s , Confessor. Greater-dout r a i n e a r t h q u a k e t o look a t t h e s k y i m p r o v e m e n t both of t h e individual\ a g e which is a t t a c k i n g C h r i s t i a n ble. a n d c o m p u t e t h e i r losses. On and society. I t would b e t h e r e f o r e j ity, since a f e w y e a r s , h a v e one of every side lies s t r e w n t h e wreca p a r a d o x to wish for a C h r i s t i a n - t h e s e sources. T h e s i x t h and A u g u s t 1. T h u r s d a y . St. P e t e r ' s ity w h i c h h a d no influence a t all seventh c o m m a n d m e n t s a r e t h e k a g e of civilization, b u t p e r h a p s C h a i n s . Greater-double. t h e chief c h a r a c t e r i s t i c of t h e p r e on o u r actions, on all o u r move- two largest gulfs b y w h i c h most A u g u s t 2. F r i d a y . St. Alphonsus m e n t s . Still, t h i s is t h e i n t i m a t e Christians s i n k into t h e e t e r n a l fire s e n t a g e is t h a t m e n a r e b e g i n n i n g M a r i e de Liguori, Bishop a n d wish of m a n y C h r i s t i a n s . T h e y of hell. T h e s i x t h a n d seventh to see n o w w h a t t h e y did n o t see Confessor. Double. General would like t o be independent, t o b e c o m m a n d m e n t s a r e equally t h e t w o before, t h a t w h a t h a s held u p t h e Communion a t 6 a.m. Holy main r e a s o n s of so m a n y losses free in t h e i r ambitions a n d moral a r c h of all w e s t e r n civilization H o u r a t 5.30 to 6.30 p.m. from t h e fifth c e n t u r y o n w a r d h a s _ outlooks of t h i s life. T h e y would which t h e C h u r c h h a s t o r e g i s t e r A u g u s t 3. S a t u r d a y . T h e finding been t h e k e y s t o n e of f a i t h . H i s - R n r e f e r a C h r i s t i a n i t y moulded on every year. S t . A u g u s t i n e would of t h e Body of St. Stephen. Hindu lines for instance. A Chris- t h u s e x t i n g u i s h t h e fire of hell by t o r i a n s a r e fond of n o t i n g t h a t in Semi-double. feeding move a n d m o r e t h e fire of t i a n i t y which would open before t h e Middle A g e s t h e C h u r c h w a s held t o g e t h e r b y t h e cohesive I t h e m a p a t h of new realizations of lust a n d a v a r i c e . Modern Chrisu n i t y of f a i t h , a n d t h e S t a t e b y j life would be welcome too, b u t fr'ans s u r r o u n d e d b y a c l a m o u r i n g t h e loyalties residing in feudalism. j w i t h o u t t h e selfish c o m m a n d m e n t s , world of p l e a s u r e a n d a t t r a c t i o n , jfj IMPOSTOR I M P R I S O N E D . B u t we h a v e come t o see t h a t w i t h - i T h e c o m m a n d m e n t s ! I t is j u s t bv a world t h a t bows down before 8 out f a i t h even secular loyalties Iwhat such Christians a b h o r . . . . F o r MONEY should e x a m i n e t h e i r con- 1 dissolve, t h a t w i t h o u t f a i t h , even | t h e m C h r i s t i a n i t y is t h u s a yoke, science on t h e s e t w o p o i n t s . Such §B P a s s e d for Franciscan B r o t h e r . political u n i t y a n d g r e a t n e s s a r e | a h e a v y yoke. A yoke of t e n com security would h a v e t w o i m m e d i a t e §jj A k r o n , O.—Emory J . Mason, m a n d m e n t s on one side a n d six on a i m s : — ( 1 ) t o comfort themselves 8} alias Martin, alias Stackhouse, w h o a t best only a m i r a g e . " t h e o t h e r . . . . A n d t h a t is t h e reason in t h e continual t r i a l s of t h i s life; k w a s convicted of obtaining money (N.C.W.C.) w h y t h e y a r e Christians of word (2) t o account for t h e failures 1 u n d e r false pretenses a n d imprii not of work. And t h a t is t h e chief which t h e y record. T h i s m i g h t s soned a t Youngstown, O., t h r o u g h R E L I G I O U S P E R S E C U T I O N I N ' m o t i v e because t h e y " b r i n g n o t p e r h a p s help t h e m t o b e a r with |j t h e co-operation of t h e police a n d 1 t h e Circulation Vigilance Commit! forth good fruit." A n d t h a t is t o o ea<rer e n t h u s i a s m t h e yoke of §j GERMANY. ! t h e reason w h y such C h r i s t i a n s Christ. j t e e of t h e Catholic P r e s s Associaj tion, was released from t h e NAZI CHURCH WAR. I M a h o n i n g County Jail, Y o u n g s Berlin, J u l y 2 2 . — F u r t h e r deveDR. G O E B E L S R E C O M M E N D S town, on J u n e 4. He w a s a t once SOCIAL S E R V I C E lopments h a v e occurred in t h e Nazi CATHOLIC b r o u g h t t o t h i s city by t h e police, C O N F E R E N C E . S E V E R E P E N A L T Y O N C L E R G Y a n d h e r e entered a plea of g u i l t y Church w a r a n d t h e M i n i s t e r f o r t h e I n t e r i o r , D r . F r i c k h a s issued a t o t h e c h a r g e of obtaining m o n e y new o r d e r forbidding confessional u n d e r false p r e t e n s e s . H e w a s U n d e r t h e Belgian Queen's youth organisations, especially Youth Organisation | sentenced to 30 d a y s ' imprisonCatholic Patronage. Catholics, t o w e a r u n i f o r m s o r m e n t in t h e City W o r k h o u s e beProhibited. badges o r t o p a r a d e publicly w i t h g i n n i n g J u n e 5, and w a s fined t h e flags o r p a r t i c i p a t e in field d a y s . costs. Similar o r d e r s h a v e been in force J Brussels.—Her Majesty Queen E m o r y , alias Martin, alias S t a c k in a n u m b e r of d i s t r i c t s b u t t h e [Elizabeth h a s given p a t r o n a g e t o B e r l i n . — F u r t h e r steps a g a i n s t new o r d e r e x t e n d s t h r o u g h o u t t h e t h e fifth International Catholic Catholic p r i e s t s w h o openly o r house h a d defrauded Catholic families in Illinois, I n d i a n a a n d Ohio country:—Reuter. Conference on Social Service, a n d secretly oppose t h e Nazis a r e a n - for a period of seven m o n t h s , C. nounced by D r . Goebels in a n His E m i n e n c e Joseph Cardinal V a n P . A . Circulation Vigilance C o m o r d e r t o all G o v e r n m e n t Officers m i t t e e a u t h o r i t i e s s t a t e . H e posed, V A T I C A N P R O T E S T A G A I N S T Roey, Archbishop of Malines, h a s concerned in which h e i n s t r u c t s agreed t o serve a s h o n o r a r y p r e they say, as a Franciscan brother FORCED STERILISATION. t h e code of j u s t i c e "in i t s entire sident. a n d solicited subscriptions t o a severity" t o be used a g a i n s t all T h e congress, which will be held publication. H e wore a l a r g e cruclergy who a b u s e t h e i r clerical pocifix on h i s v e s t a n d told t h o s e Berlin. J u l y 17.—The note sent at Brussels J u l y 28 t o 3 1 , will be sition for political purposes. Caupon w h o m h e called t h a t if t h e y by t h e V a t i c a n t o G e r m a n y p a r t i - a t t e n d e d b y delegates from t h e tholic i n s t r u c t o r s in schools m u s t paid t h e i r subscription a t once in cularly r e f e r s t o recent efforts t o ,United S t a t e s , England, A u s t r i a , Germany, Canada^ henceforth speak openly in favour c a s h t h e y would n o t only receive force Catholics t o s u b m i t t o s t e r i - Argentina, of t h e Nazi S t a t e . Catholic Youth a crucifix free of c h a r g e b u t would lisation l a w s a s a violation of t h e Chile, Brazil, France, Spain, Italy, organisations will be prohibited also receive a r o s a r y which h e callr i g h t s of individual conscience. Holland, P o r t u g a l , Poland, Switunless t h e r e is a complete change ed " T h e T h o r n s of C h r i s t , " offiT h e note h a s n o t y e t been publish- zerland, R u m a n i a , Czechoslovakia in a t t i t u d e . — R e u t e r . iand Jugoslavia.—(N.C.W.C.) cials a d d . (N.C.W.C.) ed in t h e n e w s p a p e r s . — R e u t e r . SEVENTH

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Nowhere Island. By J. F . T . I t is only of late years that Comm u n i s m has come to excite an emotion r a t h e r t h a n a n opinion. . . . U n t i l a decade or t w o a g o , it distinguished itself f r o m Socialism in that i t dealt w i t h distribution or consumption whereas Socialism concerned the m o d e of production: and whereas Socialism w a s a theory of economics the appeal of Communism w a s to sentiment, one might even s a y to religion. Their common ground lay solely in a recognition of the equality of Man. But it w a s Communism that associated itself with the n o w century-old hope of the perfectibility of man. Historically Communism w a s of course forborne b y such a s the E s s e n e s , w h o s e economy of life w a s however inspired b y the urge to escape (rather than repair) social ills. They a r e described b y P h i l o : " N o n e had b i s o w n h o u s e b u t shared h i s dwelling w i t h all. Living in colonies t h e y threw open their doors to all their sect that c a m e their w a y . T h e y had a c o m m o n s t o r e h o u s e , c o m m o n expenditure, common garments, common food ( s y s s i t i a ) . T h e y g a v e w h a t t h e y e a r n e d to a c o m m o n f u n d f o r t h e s u p p o r t of t h e unfit/* The Communist colonies of last c e n t u r y w e r e ineffectual e n o u g h a n d a r e notable largely in that their origin w a s philanthropic and motived, if n o t b y pessimism, a t least b y the urge to escape. Communism, as w e know it, w a s anticipated in literature only b y a S a i n t — i n t h e Utopia of Thomas More. Here w a s a state in many respects indisting- j uishable from the economy of the Soviet, comprising f o u r million s o u l s , superint e n d e d b y e l e c t e d officers, s h i f t e d p e r i o - I d i c a l l y f r o m office t o office, n o n e e s c a p i n g ! t h e t o i l of production, t h e p o p u l a t i o n j l e v e l l e d b y *he a d o p t i o n o f s u r p l u s offs p r i n g b y t h e barren o r l e s s f e r t i l e . Soon w e shall have a Saint of the Roman Calendar w h o is also the idol of modern Communists. " It is his socialism that has made him immortal" (Karl Kautsky i n h i s Thomas More una* Sein Utopie), o r a g a i n , " R a r e l y does S o c i a l i s m t o - d a y produce so uncompromising a critic of j society." A t least two noted Commu- \ n i s t h a v e r e c o r d e d """hat t h e i r c o n v e r s i o n from Bourgeois philosophy w a s due to | r e a d i n g t h e Utopia; and I m y s e l f h a v e seen a small Bolshevik (to w h o m even Tolstoi is forbidden by the S o v i e t Index Ttepur^jalxyrius) spending- his evening^ unreluctantly with More's Nowhere j Island. T h e Chancellor of E n g l a n d w h o I ;

Prince.

tilted against the " rapacious and unprofitable rich " ( p r e f e r r i n g t h e p o o r a s " of g r e a t e r profit to t h e c o m m o n w e a l ") h a s b e e n h a i l e d a s t h e m o r n i n g s t a r of Revolution; a Bolshevist educationalist h a s s p o k e n o f a S a i n t of the Catholic Church a s " p r o v i d i n g t h e p r o l e t a r i a t e w i t h i t s E v a n g e l . " U n h o p e d f o r a s its influence m a y h a v e b e e n i t i s n o t too much to s a y w i t h Montgomery Carmic h a e l (cf. The Dublin Review, October, 1932) t h a t t h e Utopia is " r e s p o n s i b l e for the existence of modern Socialism and Communism." N a t u r a l l y e n o u g h i t is c u s t o m a r y to p a s s off t h e Utopia as a peg, a pleasant phantasy, on which its author h u n g a catalogue of certain admitted abuses. It is conveniently forgotten that there is a preface composed of hard f a c t s — f a c t s c o n c e r n i n g t h e w r e t c h e d s t a t e of the sixteenth century proletariate, the avarice and cruelty of the elite, the unchristian commerce of the wool-market, the callousness of the landlords who supplied it a t t h e expense of disemploying and starving the farm -labourers— a s t a t e of affairs which w e recognize as the obvious a n a l o g u e of modern industrialism. T h e r e is n o pleasant f a n c y in More's bitter denunciation of the pandemic hanging of thieves whose theft because they w e r e starving w a s no theft. N o t e how h e abandons his model of an ideal p a g a n s t a t e and u r g e s " Christ's True doctrine of behaviour." It is perhaps unfortunate, though natural, that the saintly humanist (steeped in Plato and the classies) took as his theme the m a x i m s of N a t u r a l L a w ; because h e h a s l e f t a loop-hole for his laissezfaire devotees. But a theologian will not let these complacent people escape f a r — a w a r e (as More himself) that N a t u r e is w o r k e d upon, not antagonized b y Grace. The argument is implicit in the Utopia ( w i t h o u t e v e n a d v e r t i n g to M o n a s t i c Communism or the Apostolic Socialism of the Acts.) I n S e p t e m b e r , 1 9 3 3 (cf. B l a c k f r i a r s Editorial f o r t h a t m o n t h ) , the late F a t h e r Bede J a r r e t t predicted t h a t it would not be long before Moscow would learn from R o m e and Bolsheviks seek reinstatement in the one, transcendent c o m i t y of n a t i o n s . W h o d a r e s a y t h a t it m a y not b e through him—and through hfe p r a y e r s — a t w h o s e f e e t t h e y s i t , t h e a u t h o r of t h e Utopia, w h o died r a t h e r then deny a principle which would unite us~ a l l i n t h e O n e T r u e C o m m u n e u p o n Earth? (Blackfriars June, 1935).

I t i s n ' t a l w a y s possible t o m a k e t h e other man pay.

A n d e v e n if you do

yon m a y n o t b e able t o r e c o v e r y o u r legal c o s t s . I s addition to unlimited indemnity a g a i n s t Third P a r t y risks, our P o l i c i e s g i v e c o m p l e t e i n d e m n i t y a g a i n s t m a t e r i a l d a m a g e a s weji a s generous medical expenses in c a s e of injury t o Insured and p a s s e n g e r s and specified P e r s o n a l A c c i d e n t B e n e f i t s i n r e s p e c t o f the Insured for D e a t h or L o s s of Limbs, etc. A g r e e d V a l u e of c a r a r r a n g e d if d e s i r e d . S p e c i a l reduction i n P r e m i u m e x c l u s i v e t o m e m b e r s o f t h e A u t o m o bile Association of Malaya.

N. E. M. NATIONAL.- EMPLOYERS* MUTUAL GENERAL INSURANCE ASSOCIATION! LTD. ; 2 Y , ? S c o

Official I n s u r e r s t o the A u t h o m o b i l e A s s o c i a t i o n o f M e y e r C h a m b e r s , Raffles P l a c e ,

Malaya.

Singapore.

are huddled together. Nevertheless seeing the devotion, the lively Faith and simplicity with which (Continued from page 2) these poor people come to adore "This freedom which is desired their Redeemer, and offer Him the brings with it many deceptions, contempt, outrages and vexations | and that it only changes the nature of which day in and day out, they of the difficulties without advanc- are the victims, I cannot help sayj ing the conversion of the people as ing to myself: some day perhaps ! rapidly as had been hoped. Along these same faithful will gather in j with liberty come the merchants, a great and splendid churches, but class often impious and of scanda- , will they bring there the simple • lous lives, and also ministers of the hearts, the humble resigned souls, different sects. But it avails little the docile spirit which wishes to Parkersburg, W. Va.—Thirty-three a r t i c l e s of a n i n f o r m a t i v e n a t u r e , chiefly to spend great sums of money to know the will of God only to obey regarding t h e doctrines of the Catholic erect fine stone churches so long it ? And perhaps we too will some C h u r c h , h a v e t h i s y e a r a p p e a r e d in t h e , as an infinite number of souls desday set aside the irksome dress of t w o s e c u l a r p a p e r s of t h i s c i t y t h r o u g h ihe mourning, and then we can disI tined to be temples of the Holy t h e efforts o f t h e Catholic Literaryi pense with the continuous splashGhost, remain always under the League, an organization sponsored by It counts for ing through mud and snow, and our a n u m b e r o f a c t i v e C a t h o l i c s o f t h i s j empire of Satan. c i t y . 1430 c o p i e s of ** Our S u n d a y j nothing to be able to walk the i hosts will offer us something beV i s i t o r , " a C a t h o l i c w e e k l y , were placed ! streets with head erect, if we are | sides sea-weed soup and decayed in hotels, barber shops, j a i l r o a d and | unable to change the heart of a fish. But, when we come to our autobus stations during the last six Christian Villages, will not Protesmonths. Other Catholic papers a n d I people often indifferent and even stant influence and the bad examm a g a z i n e s w e r e a l s o p l a c e d w i t h n e w s - \ hostile to the strangers who have ple of Europeans.—traders and adhumiliated them. stands for distribution. T h e League maintains a small library where non"As for us, here we are without \ venturers of all kinds—have thinCatholics m a y obtain books dealing w i t h churches, offering the Holy Sacri- • ned the ranks of these good cateCatholic subjects. fice in lowly huts, with a bench or j chumens, who now crowd the huts * * • * merely a board for an altar. Our that serve as our oratories? Will Bombay.—The Catholic Truth Society little crucifix hung from a mud not that rush for our holy religion of India, a c c o r d i n g t o i t s A n n u a l R e p o r t wall is the sole ornament which disappear when they see that the f o r 1934, p r i n t e d d u r i n g t h a t y e a r 23 brightens the altar. One can touch conduct of some Christians gives tracts ( 4 1 , 5 0 0 c o p i e s ) , 48 handbills with his hand, and too often with the lie to their beliefs? ( 1 5 2 , 0 0 0 c o p i e s ) , 12 i s s u e s of " R a y s of L i g h t " ( 1 8 , 5 0 0 c o p i e s , a n d o t h e r m i s - j his head, the roof of those orato"You see that in this question, c e l l a n e o u s i t e m s b r i n g i n g t h e t o t a l tD : ries; the nave, the choir, the gal: as in so many others, there are 230,500 u n i t s . S u b s c r i b e r s and s a l e s a c | lery, the aisles, are made up of two j many pros and cons, and that it is c o u n t for 26.488 t r a c t s and 35.930 l e a best to be resigned to everything flets. 12,393 t r a c t s and h a n d b i l l s w e r e j little rooms in which our Christians distributed gratis to non-Catholic | persecution, peace, liberty, the schools, and libraries, etc. sword—and that without inclining M a n g a l o r e , I n d i a . — T h e Catholic E d u i c a t i o n a l C o o p e r a t i v e S o c i e t y , Ltd., o f to the one or the other. I only say t h i s c i t y h a s d u r i n g t h e p a s t 15 y e a r s M a d r a s . — M o r e t h a n 10,000 p e r s o n s to the crood God, "Thy Will be t r a v e l e d t o K a n d a l , S o u t h I n d i a , o n M a v ! h e l p e d 27 y o u n g m e n a n d o n e y o u n g Done/" ! l a d y t o f o l l o w c o u r s e s of h i g h e r s t u d i e s . 3 t o v i s i t t h e f a m o u s K a n d a l Crucifix

Brief Items of Catholic World News

INTRODUCTION OF CHRISTIANITY INTO KOREA.

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B r u s s e l s . — F i v e hundred B e l g i a n U n i v e r s i t y students took part in a m i s s i o n ary Congress at Louvain April 13-15. H . E m . Cardinal V a n R o e y , A r c h b i s h o p o f M a l i n e s , w a s p a t r o n . M. R u b b e n s , Minister of t h e Colonies, attended t h e C o n g r e s s . K i n g Leopold s e n t a r e p r e s e n t a t i v e . Mr. L i n C h i - h a n , S e c r e t a r y o f the Chinese Legation, w a s one of the speakers.

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Lourdes.—Among those who attended the Triduum of continuous Masses at the Grotto w a s a 90-year-old m a n w h o w a s with Bemadette when she s a w the a p p a r i t i o n s i n 1858. H e i s M. J e a n . S o u b i r o u s , a c o u s i n and p l a y m a t e o f t h e S a i n t of L o u r d e s .

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A l a s k a . — T h e Rev. B e r n a r d H u b b a r d . S.J.» l a s t y e a r explored a n d m a p p e d t h e Alaskan areas changed b y recent v o j . canic disturbances. He is often called the " Glacier P r i e s t " because of his m a n y and dangerous expeditions to lands o f s n o w a n d ice. H e h a s , a m o n g h i s other noteworthy accomplishments, taken motion pictures of the interior oi the A n i a k c h a k v o l c a n o in A l a s k a .

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S a n Diego.—June 2 is to be " Catholic D a y " a t t h e California Pacific E x p o s i tion. It is expected that 35,000 Catholics f r o m all p a r t s of the c o u n t r y will b e h e r e t h a t d a y . A p r o c e s s i o n w*H p r e c e d e a m i l i t a r y field M a s s t o b e c e l e b r a t e d b y t h e Most Rev. John J. Cantwell, Bishop of Los A n g e l e s and S a n D i e g o .

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w h i c h , s i n c e i t s e r e c t i o n a f e w m o n t h s ! D u r i n g l a s t y e a r t w o of the s t u d e n t ? back h a s b e c o m e a n object o f p i l g r i m a g e . I c o m p l e t e d c o u r s e s i n e n g i n e e r i n g a n d A m o n g t h e p i l g r i m s w e r e m a n y H i n d u s I o n e s e c u r e d a n LL.B. d e g r e e . ( L u m e n ) .

The End.

A.D'C


MALAYA

CATHOLIC

LEADER, SATURDAY,

27th

JULY,

1935.

13

FOUR NEW FRENCH BISHOPS DECORATED WITH CROIX DE GUERRE.

CHURCH WITHSTANDS NAZI EDICTS,

AIDING BUSY

MOTHERS.

A U S T R A L I A N CATHOLIC G R C U P TO C O - O P E R A T E

Paris.—When the Sovereign Melbourne, Known informally Pontiff named four French priests as Grey Sisters," the ComOFFICIAL T H R E A T O F to fill vacant Sees, it was discover- pany of Our Lady of the Blesed that all four were decorated sed Sacrament, a band of Catholic with the Croix de Guerre for women at Melbourne, has speciaIMPRISONMENT bravery under fire, that three are lized in helping mothers. chevaliers of the Legion of Honour Practical sympathy and assistS E C R E T POLICE B E N E A T H PULPITS and that three were wounded in ance are given to expectant moaction. thers, mothers exhausted after The new Bishop of Amiens is child-birth and mothers harassed Berlin, J u l y 22.—Hundreds of the unscrupulousness of the of- the Most Rev. Lucien Martin, in their household duties by Roman Catholic p r i e s t s risked im- fenders." pastor of St. Joseph's parish at poverty or ill-health. Ground is prisonment or detention in a fortT h e M a n c h e s t e r Guardian Ber- Nancy. In that parish he directed covered that other benevolent ress y e s t e r d a y and defied General lin correspondent couples t h e a n t i - the famous Passion Play which is organizations have neglected. Goering's edict " a g a i n s t political religious campaign with t h e Nazis- given every summer and rivals For example, housework is done Serving for a family of which a mother is Catholicism." p l a n s to dissolve all Stahlhelm or- that of Oberammergau. as a volunteer chaplain with an in- given a holiday. Or conversely, a The priests read from the pul- g a n i s a t i o n s and s a y s t h e N a z i s fantry he was wounded mother is relieved of housework pits a recent article in the Vati- genuinely fear t h e Stahlhelm at the regiment, by an exploding during a time of overstrain by the can organ Osservatore Romano which is conservative and m o n a r - shell andSomme times was cited for granting of a country holiday to denouncing the Nazis violations of chist and in no w a y anti-Jewish. courage infour the orders of the Army. her children. The correspondent believes the the Concordat and attacks on the One citation read: "He was always A hall-mark is set upon the work Catholic youth movement and Nazis are seeking to distract popu- there in the most difficult circum- by the establishment of a School lar attention from Germany's seriworkmen's organizations, sterilistances, at the most critical mozation of the unfit and especially ous economic difficulties and loss ments, encouraging, consoling and for Mother-craft, where all members of this community will obtain of foreign trade which is daily bethe Minister of the Interior, Dr. aiding. He took part in a!4 attacks. \ State certificates as mother-craft Frick's statement that Catholics ing increasingly felt.—Reuter. exposing his life and health re- nurses. -are obliged to obey all laws, even J gardless of inclination or thought." \The statement above that Jews and From small beginnings a wide those considered anti-religious and The new Bishop of Montauban circle Catholics are lumped in common Nazi of friends has been built anti-moral. is the Most Rev. Duran, Dean of up, and offensiie' sounds rather vague and misdevelopment Lisle-sur-le-Tarn. Entering the on modernsubstantial Secret police w e r e seated be- leading. Doctrinally speaking the Faith lines is expected. service as an infantry sergeant, n e a t h m a n y Berlin pulpits but it and morals of Judaism and Christianity Mrs. J. A. Lyons, wife of Aushe finished as a lieutenant who had tralia's is s t a t e d t h e authorities h a v e not arc not identical; and as such Jews and Prime Minister, has paid been twice wounded. He has six public tribute yet decided to proceed with t h e Catholics cannot be banded together in to the work as "vital citations, and was the hero of one and necessary." wholesale a r r e s t s entailed by the a common cause where religious liberties exploit which the orders relate, as p r i e s t s ' challenge. and morals are involved. Besides, the Mrs. Lyons is the mother of 11 follows: Church in Nazi Germany is It is apparent the Jews and Ca- Catholic children and is a convert. At a "An officer admirable for his public meeting she said: above. tholics a r e lumped in common not nn the offensive' as stated abnegation, simple courage and party, "Nazi offensive. General Goering's The Church being the aggrieved "I can well appreciate the boon edict has now been extended from has every right to defend her rights and | modesty. He won an ascendency it must be to mothers to have at over his brave group which en- j their command the practical which are required to be Prussia to al) Germany and is ac- liberties abled it to fulfill a number of | friendly service of a Grey Sister. by the concordats between companied by instructions by the j guaranteed delicate missions. In a surprise I have in mind quite clearly the The malMinister of Justice that it must be i the Vatican and Germany. which he had prepared j time when I myself had five babies of Jews, as we know, is due I attack, enforced regardless of the person ] treatment with a devotion surpassing all under the age of five years and unchristian atand position of the culprit while to racial animosity—An courts are instructed to inflict titude of course, which cannot be con- praise, he led a group of 80 men one six years old to care for, and across 9,849 feet of open terrain, very little money indeed, to maat by the Catholic penalties proportionate with "the | doned or connived danger of these machinations | Church which teaches universal love of : in the moonlight, without attract- nage with. The only time I couldI ing the attention of the enemy. At find for rest was when unable to M.C.L.] Ed. against the State and people and a; unkind. the appointed hour he had magni- stand on my feet any longer, I j ficently entrenched his group in found respite by sitting down to C A T H O L I C SCHOOLS OF T H E GOLD ' the enemy position, for which he | the family sewing. C O A S T P R A I S E D BY A P U B L I C H O S P I T A L IN H U P E H had assured the minutest reconTHE GOVERNOR. E N T R U S T E D TO CHINESE "We talk a great deal of the SISTERS. naisance. He directed the return work that mothers did years ago. Keta (Gold Coast. British W est to the French trench over a ter- when families were 10, 12 and 14 Africa)—During: a n a d d r e s s delivered at H a n k o w (Hupeh, Province, C h i n a ) — rain battered by artillerv and strong. In those days women did K e t a J u n e 8, H i s E x c e l l e n c y S i r A r n o l d A n e w public hospital for needy patients machine gun fire with a calmness | work hard, but they worked in a W . H o d s o n , G o v e r n o r of t h e Gold C o a s t , h a s b e e n o p e n e d i n t h e c i t y of Y i n g and method that prevente4 loss." : time when all women had that s p o k e of t h e c o m p e t e n c e of t h e C a t h o l i c C h e n g , H u p e h P r o v i n c e , and~ e n t r u s t e d The new Bishop of Langres is responsibility, when, " as it were, s c h o o l s of K e t a a n d t o l d t h e p e o p l e t o t o C h i n e s e S i s t e r s of t h e T h i r d O r d e r love a n d r e s p e c t t h e F a t h e r s a n d S i s t e r s of S t . F r a n c i s . T h e h o s p i t a l w a s b u i l t | the Archdeacon of Paris and the whole stage was set for them. w i t h m o n e y c o n t r i b u t e d b y o w n e r s of who w e r e l a b o u r i n g a m o n g s t them. Superior of Archdiocesan Missions, ; Today, mothers have large families s a l t - p i t s in t h e p r e f e c t u r e of Ying * T h e y h a v e left h o m e a n d k i n d r e d , " t h e Msgr. ChoQuet. He served as a , and bring them up almost in the Cheng. Governor said, " to l a b o u r for your volunteer chaplain with an artil- teeth of the opposition of modern a m e l i o r a t i o n , a n d t h i s o u t of d i s i n t e r e s t At the inauguration ceremony, the ed d e s i r e f o r y o u r s o u l s . T h e y s e e k Civil P r e f e c t of Y i n g C h e n g s a i d : "No lery regiment and was gassed in civilization. They carry on under t h e i r r e w a r d n o t in t h i s life, b u t in t h e prefecture m a y be considered complete 1917. He has three citations to the greatest possible psychological u n l e s s it h a s a n i n s t i t u t i o n f o r t h e r e l i e f next." his credit, one of which reports difficulties that could exist, and it of s u f f e r i n g . . . O u r c i t y w i l l s e t t h e The Governor's speech w a s given after that in the course of a very violent is a brave woman who in these e x a m p l e ; all sick a n d suffering, r e g a r d h e h a d c o n f e r r e d t h e d e c o r a t i o n of th3 bombardment, although complete- days, on a small income, manages l e s s of w h o t h e y a r e o r w h e r e t h e y c o m e N o b l e O r d e r of t h e B r i t i s h E m p i r e on f r o m , will b e c a r e d f o r h e r e . O u r a i m the P a r a m o u n t Chief F i a Sri II. The ly exhausted, he had carried to the to rear a family. is t o h e l p t h e p o o r . " n a t i v e c h i e f s of t h e A n l o S t a t e a n d a rear all the seriously wounded " The Church does not insist T h e C h i n e s e S i s t e r s w h o will h a v e l a r g e g a t h e r i n g of p e o p l e w e r e a t t h e men. He was cited also for hav- that women must have large fac h a r g e of t h e h o s p i t a l a r e f r o m H a n k o w . ceremony. ing returned immediately and milies. The attitude of the CaT h e o r d e r h a s 61 m e m b e r s . (Fides). P r i e s t s of t h e D u t c h P r o v i n c e of t h e under fire to his comrades in the tholic Church in this matter is A f r i c a n M i s s i o n s of L y o n s , S i s t e r s of O u r L a d y of t h e A p o s t l e s a n d S i s t e r s trenches after the total evacua- greatly misunderstood. What the CROSSES OF HONOUR FOR S e r v a n t s of t h e " S a c r e d H e a r t staff t h tion of the wounded. GERMAN MISSIONARIES. Church does insist unon is ouritv C a t h o l i c m i s s i o n s in a n d a b o u t K e t a . The new Bishoo of Belley, Canon and sanctity of life." (N.C.W.C.) Yenchowfu (Shantung. China)—In acMaisonobe. superior of the Grand A GRAVE SHORTAGE OF PRIESTS c o r d a n c e w i t h t h e d e c i s i o n of t h e G e r n i a n IN BURMA. Seminary of Saint-Flour, was in AUDIENCES AT THE VATICAN. Government to confer " Crosses of the ambulance corps of an infantry His Holiness the Pope recently H o n o u r " on all v e t e r a n s of t h e W o r l d R a n g o o n , ( B u r m a ) — A n a r t i c l e in a W a r . t h e G e r m a n consul a t T s i n a n f u division. He was cited for his received in audience six generals ^ e c e t i s s u e of t h e R a n g o o n Voice d r a w s h a s p r e s e n t e d t h e d e c o r a t i o n t o 19 C a brilliant conduct in Flanders. and six colonels of the Hungarian attention to the serious shortage IhoMc m i s s i o n a r i e s of t h e V i c a r i a t e of Army. Some Portuguese Goans of c l e r g y in B u r m a : A t t h e a n n u a l r e Yenchowfu. S h a n t u n g Province. from Goa (Portuguese India) and t r e a t f o r t h e E u r o p e a n c l e r g y of U p p e • Although !s not k r o w n e x a c t l y h o w SIR B E D E C L I F F O R D GOVERNOR B u r m a o n l y 13 of t h e 21 p r i e s t s of t h e r » . n y of t h e 9.^4 p r i e s t s and 825 b r o t h e r a group from Bavaria in Germany O F B A H A M A S . vicariate were p r e s e n t ; the others wer* f r o m G e r m a n y , w h o a r e now e n g a g e d in Sir Bede Clifford, the nephew were also received. ill o r w e r e u n a b l e t o l e a v e t h e i r s t a t i o n s Catholic missionary work overseas, In L o w e r B u r m a , one p a r i s h with 8 f o u g h t in t h e G e r m a n r a n k s during" t h o of Sir Hugh Clifford a past GoverD E A T H O F LORD B E L L O W . thousand Catholics cannot be given a w a r . t h e n u m b e r m u s t b e h i g h if in o n l y nor of ours, is the Governor of the resident priest, m a n y s m a ' l e r parishes o n e m i s s i o n , w i t h a t o t a l p e r s o n n e l of Lord Bellew, an Irish peer, died Bahamas Islands. He is of course a r e in t h e s a m e p r e d i c a m e n t , a n d m a n y fi2 G e r m a n p r i e s t s a n d 22 German recently in London, aged 78. He a Catholic. Promising o p p o r t u n i t i e s m u s t be let p a s b r o t h e r s , t h e r e a r e 19 e x - s o l d i e ^ s . joined the Hussars and took part b e c a u s e of insufficient m i s s i o n a r y p e r (Fides). sonnel. in the Afghan and Nile CamSquaw Vailey, Calif.—A class that Rurma, with a total nopu*ation o* i n c l u d e d 33 I n d i a n s w a s c o n f i r m e d h e r e paigns. He served with the Chicago.—H. Em. George Cardinal K 6 0 0 , 0 0 0 , h a s 122,991 C a t h o l i c s . There b y t h e M o s t R e v . P h i l i p G. S c h e r , Mundelein. Archbishop of Chicago, Yeomanry in the Boer War and a r e ^9 E u r o p e a n a n d £8 n a t i v e p r i e s t B i s h o p of M o n t e r e y - F r e s n o . O n e of t h e o r d a i n e d a c^ass of 49 s e m i n a r i s t s a t t h e with the Yorks Regiment in the in t h e c o u n t r y , 36 E u r o p e a n a n d 24 I n d i a n s , n a m e d L o t t i e W o r k s , g a v e h e r S e m i n a - y cf S t . M a r - o f - t h e L a k e . M u n Great War. n a t i v e b r o t h e r s . ? 1 2 E u r o p e a n a n d 200 a g e a s 100 y e a r s . d e l e i n . I l l i n o i s , o n Apr.] 27. 44

r

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(Fides).


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R ,

14

L E A G U E O F CATHOLIC F R O N T FIGHTERS DISSOLVED.

NAZIS TO KEEP THEIR PLEDGE TO PRESERVE PARISH SCHOOLS.

Berlin, 23rd J u l y , 1935. General Goering h a s dissolved t h e Reich L e a g u e of Catholic F r o n t F i g h t e r s which is t h e CathQlic exservice m e n ' s o r g a n i s a t i o n on t h e ground it is liable t o c a r r y religious differences into t h e r a n k s of G e r m a n y exservice m e n . —Reuter.

HERR RUST DECLARES NAZI INTENTION TO GO BY PROMISE. Amsterdam. — The parochial schools in G e r m a n y a r e t o be p r e s e r v e d a s p r o m i s e d in t h e Concord a t b e t w e e n t h e Holy S e e a n d t h e G e r m a n Government, according to a public a n n o u n c e m e n t of H a n s R u s t , F e d e r a l M i n i s t e r of E d u c a t i o n in Berlin. " W h a t e v e r w e p r o m i s e w e stick t o , " said H e r r R u s t in a speech, b u t h e added t h a t t h e N a z i s would c o n t i n u e t o deplore deeply t h e e x i s t e n c e of t w o school s y s t e m s a n d would see t o i t t h a t in allschools t h e common allegiance t o t h e n a t i o n would b e s t r o n g l y e m p h a s i z e d in t h e c u r r i c u l a . I t will b e r e m e m b e r e d t h a t a violent N a z i p r o p a g a n d a w a s recently s t a g e d in B a v a r i a a g a i n s t t h e p a r o c h i a l schools. H e r r R u s t ' s s t a t e m e n t n o w allays t h e f e a r s of Catholic German parents t o a certain extent. A t t h e s a m e t i m e B a l d u r von S c h i r a c h , H i t l e r Y o u t h chief, a n n o u n c e d once m o r e i n a nationw i d e b r o a d c a s t t h a t h e would cont i n u e t o i n s i s t on t h e a m a l g a m a t i o n of t h e Catholic Y o u t h g r o u n s w i t h t h e H i t l e r Y o u t h which, h e asserted, was b y no m e a n s antireligious. B u t simultaneously His E m i n e n c e Adolf Cardinal B e r t r a m , of B r e s l a u . a g a i n i n s i t e d in a P a s t o r a l published on t h e annivers a r y d a y of t h e Canonization of S t . E l i z a b e t h of H u n g a r y t h a t only t h e foes of t h e C h u r c h d e m a n d e d a " m e r e worldly a n d m ^ r e p h y s i c a l education of y o u t h . " T h e C a r d i n a l concluded h i s P a s t o r a l with a strong protest against t h e n e o - p a g a n m o v e m e n t in G e r m a n y w h i c h , h e said, is d e t r i m e n t a l t o t h e n a t i o n ' s welfare. N o t e of Moderation. A n o t e o f m o d e r a t i o n was injected into t h e present German religious divergencies b y Dr. Wilh e l m F r i c k , F e d e r a l M i n i s t e r of t h e I n t e r i o r in Berlin, w h e n h e s a i d in t h e course of a public a d d r e s s in T h u r i n g i a t h a t " t h e c h u r c h question c a n n o t be solved w i t h t h e police c l u b " a n d t h a t t i m e w a s needed t o b r i n g about a satisfactory solution. B u t hea d d e d t h a t " i t w a s essential to s e c u r e t h e education of y o u t h in t h e s p i r i t of N a t i o n a l Socialism" a n d t h a t t h e C h u r c h should limit i t s activities t o t h e s t r i c t l y religio u s field w h i c h , of c o u r s e , would m e a n t h e complete elimination of C h r i s t i a n influence from public affairs. T h e Catholic clergy of Aix-laChapelle h a d a j o i n t s t a t e m e n t r e a d from all t h e p u l p i t s t h e r e inf o r m i n g t h e faithful t h a t t h e y r m u s t n o t a t t e n d a n y m e e t i n g s of t h e neo-pagan m o v e m e n t , even if only o u t of c r u i o s i t y . T h e s t a t e m e n t was prompted by the growi n g p r o p a g a n d a of t h e neo-paerans. A significant d o c u m e n t which is i n d i c a t i v e of t h e p r e s e n t t r e n d of t h i n g s in G e r m a n y i s published b y t h e E l e s a e s s e r K u r i e r . T h e docum e n t is a s e c r e t i n s t r u c t i o n of t h e B a v a r i a n political police a b o u t " w a r d i n g off t h e J e s u i t s a n d w a t c h i n g Catholic publications." I t is d a t e d April 2 3 . 1935. and s a y s t h a t t h e J e s u i t O r d e r is t r y i n g t o ' ' u n d e r m i n e t h e T h i r d Reich a n d

t o m a k e its l e a d e r s a p p e a r a s despicable." All public lectures by J e s u i t s a r e t o be suppressed, t h e circular says, a n d p r i v a t e lectures b v t h e m a r e t o b e closely watched. W h e r e v e r J e s u i t s e x p r e s s criticism of t h e N a z i r e g i m e , they m u s t i m m e d i a t e l y be a r r e s t e d . Book-stands in Catholic churches, Catholic bookstores, etc., a r e to be k e p t u n d e r close s c r u t i n y , and publications hostile t o t h e regime a r e t o be confiscated a t once. Priest Sent to Prison. F a t h e r J o s e f F r o e h l i c h , of Waldb r u n n , n e a r W u e r z b u r g , Bavaria, w a s sentenced t o t h r e e m o n t h s in j a i l because of critical r e m a r k s he is said t o h a v e m a d e from t h e nulp i t of h i s c h u r c h a g a i n s t t h e Nazi r e g i m e . T h e c o u r t m e t in secret session so t h a t t h e s u b j e c t m a t t e r of t h e t r i a l could n o t become public. T h e p r i v a t e p r o p e r t y of Profess o r F r i e d r i c h D e s s a u e r , one of t h e o u t s t a n d i n g l e a d e r s of t h e former

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H. E . MGR. B A R I L L O N SERIOUSLY I L L . W e r e g r e t t o inform o u r readers that His Lordship, Dr. Emile Barillon is very seriously ill a n d h i s condition calls for anxiety. Rev. F a t h e r Becheras, Acting Vicar General h a s administered t h e L a s t S a c r a m e n t s . T h e p r a y e r s of t h e F a i t h f u l a r e earnestly solicited.

YOUR:

ENROL NOW.

CHINESE

Mr. Song Chin Lee, 2 y o u n g e r b r o t h e r s and 1 sister, all of 17 K a r i k a l Road, Singapore, were received in t h e Catholic F a i t h a t t h e Church of St. Teresa, K a m p o n g B h a r u , by Rev. F a t h e r S t e p h e n Lee, on t h e 30th J u n e .

TO CARRYj ISUPPORT ; O N THIS GOOD WORK•:*

• • • • •

SATURDAY, 27th JULY,

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| MALAY CATHOLIC LEADER, J £ 73, B r a s B a s a h R o a d , t SINGAPORE.

Center P a r t y and a distinguished Catholic w r i t e r a n d scholar, valued a t a b o u t $16,000, w a s confiscated b y t h e F r a n k f o r t police on t h e g r o u n d t h a t D r . D e s s a u e r w h o now teaches physics at t h e University of I s t a n b u l , T u r k e v , w a s " a foe of t h e S t a t e . " D r . D e s s a u e r w a s alw a v s k ^ w n a s a convinced Catholic pacifist. T h e Scbweizerische R u n d s c h a u , leadinof Catholic Swiss m o n t h l y published b y t h e A b b o t of E i n siedeln, w a s b a n n e d f o r t h e whole of G e r m a m \ while a r e c e n t issue of t h e V i e n n a Catholic weekly. Schoenere Z u k u n f t . w a s s u o p r e s s pd b y t h e R e e e n s b u r e police. I n both cases c o n t r i b u t i o n s dealing with t h e Nazi racial prejudice seem to h a v e offered t h e p r e t e x t for t h e s e m e a s u r e s . In t h e Rhineland an a t t e m p t w a s m a d e b v Nazi officials t o force all public service official t h e r e (most of w h o m a r e Catholic"* t o b u v t h e r e c e n t publication of Alfred R o s e n b e r g . Nazi c u l t u r a dictator, " A g a i n s t t h e Obscurant i s t s . " A f t e r t h e p r o t e s t of t h e ecclesiastical authorities of Colocme t h i s m e a s u r e w a s w i t h d r a w n . — (N.C.W.C.) 1

t h e Government, which is t h e a m o u n t said t o h a v e been involved in t h e illegal t r a n s a c t i o n s . F a t h e r Goertler had carried G e r m a n currency across t h e border t o Holland to re-ourchase bonds issued by h i s organisation t h e r e a t t h e t h e n p r e vailing favourable q u o t a t i o n s . H e belongs to a branch of t h e F r a n ciscan Order devoted t o t h e care of t h e disabled a n d t h e feebleminded, a n d all t h e profits realized were t o t h e exclusive advant a g e of t h e s e poor c r e a t u r e s . However, t h e defendant's lawyer informed t h e court t h a t h e h a d been authorized t o declare t h a t I t h e German H i e r a r c h y disapproves strongly of all t h e s e t r a n s g r e s sions of the law and could not consider t h e defendants a s m a r t y r s . Violent A t t a c k s . The Nazi p r e s s replied t o t h e Breslau O r d i n a r i a t in violent t e r m s . T h e Voelkischer Beobacht e r , chief Nazi o r g a n , headed its comment "Provocation of t h e Germ a n Judiciary S y s t e m a n d of t h e Oerman N a t i o n " and said t h a t t h e O r d i n a r i a t ' s s t a t e m e n t is " u n heard-of," \ h a t i t t r i e s t o "cloud" t h e crimes c o m m i t t e d a l t h o u g h t h e accused Sisters a n d f a t h e r h a d a d m i t t e d t h e y were fullv a w a r e of t h e consequences of t h e i r t r a n s gressions. T h e p a n e r announced that t h e editors of the Catholic n a n e r s w h o dared t o publish the O r d i n a r i a t ' s s t a t e m e n t would be held responsible, which is tantam o u n t to t h e i r beine t h r o w n o u t of fV>pi*r jobs. T h e B o e r s e n r e i t u n of Berlin t e r m e d t h e O r d i n a r i a t ' s pronouncement a " s c a n d a l . " cont e n d i n g it intimates t h a t t h e court w a s infiunced b y politics, while t h e D e u t s c h e AHgemeine Zeitunsr. of t h e s a m e city, m a d e use of t h e word " a r r o g a n c e . "

the meantime additional In m e a s u r e s have been t a k e n a g a i n s t Catholic organizations in G e r m a n y . A Lyrical Lie. T h e Hilfseemeinschaft Katholis" W h a t i s t h e g r e a t e s t fib t h a t e v e r c h e r Wohlfahrfs und Kulturpfleee i m p r e s s e d i t s e l f on y o u r e x p e r i e n c e . Snapper?" in Berlin, which is a Catholic "Well, b y a l l o d d s , t h e w o r s t one I charitable organization. was e v e r heard w a s t h a t y o u r q u a r t e t t e p e r searched b y t h e police, a n d v aripetrated l a s t n i g h t w h e n t h e y c a m e round to t h e h o u s e a n d s a n g 'There's I o u s files were confiscated. Music in t h e A i r . ' " (N.C.W.C.)

I N T H E FORTIES Trials of Middle Age. E v e r y w o m a n u p o n e n t e r i n g the f o r t i e s f e a r s t h e m i s e r i e s t h a t usually d e v e l o p a t t h i s a g e . S h e f e a r s them a l l t h e m o r e f o r t h e i r uncertainty. O n e o f t h e first s i g n s t h a t a l l is n t w e l l i s a l o w - s p i r i t e d d e p r e s s i o n ; then c o m e v i o l e n t h e a d a c h e s , h e a t flushes, back pains, a n d palpitation. 0

A c t u a l l y t h e s e s u f f e r i n g s c a n be a v o i d e d b y t a k i n g D r . W i l l i a m s ' Pink P i l l s . It h a s b e e n p r o v e d over and o v e r a g a i n t h a t t h e s e p i l l s carry a w o m a n in t h e m o s t wonderful way through t h e ordeal of t h e " forties" w i t h o u t s u f f e r i n g . T h i s i s because t h e s e pills e n r i c h t h e bloid, nourish t h e o v e r w r o u g h t n e r v e s , a n d g i v e new vitality. L e t D r . W i l l i a m s ' P i n k P i l l s give y o u n e w h e a l t h a l s o ; t h e y a r e equally g o o d f o r w e a k , n e r v o u s , run-down m n n . G e t a b o t t l e n o w a n d start t a k i n g t h e m a f t e r y o u r r e x t meal. Of a l l c h e m i s t s .

N A Z I P R E S S C O N T I N U E S VICIOUS A T T A C K S U P O N CATHOLIC INSTITUTIONS Religious O r g a n i z a t i o n s to Refund H u g e S u m s Involved. A m s t e r d a m . — T h e official stateby the Archiepiscopal ment Ordinariat of Breslau,' Germ a n y , obviously published with t h e full a p p r o v a l of H i s Eminence Adolf C a r d i n a l B e r t r a m , Archbishop of t h a t See, a n d meant to c o u n t e r a c t t h e vicious exploitation of t h e t r i a l s now in progress a g a i n s t G e r m a n religious accused of illegal c u r r e n c y transactions h a s caused t h e Nazzi p r e s s to come out with n e w violent anti-Catholic a t t a c k s which s h o w t h e bitter h a t r e d felt in t h o s e quarters against t h e Church. T h e O r d i n a r i a t ' s s t a t e m e n t said t h a t t h e C h u r c h "seriously cond e m n s " t r a n s g r e s s i o n s against the law as t h e y h a v e unfortunately occurred in c e r t a i n monasteries and convents, b u t it is also pointed out in all f a i r n e s s t o t h e defend a n t s t h a t t h e y m i g h t not have been fully a w a r e of what they were doing a n d w e r e p e r h a p s misled by u n s c r u p u l o u s advisers. An a t t e n u a n t m i g h t also be seen, the s t a t e m e n t continued, in the aire c i r c u m s t a n c e s t h e monastic institutions of G e r m a n y were facing, and it m u s t not be forgotten that none of t h e accused religious was seeking his o r h e r own persona) advantage. C h a r i t i e s Defended. T h e s t a t e m e n t deplored the conclusions d r a w n b y Nazi organs from t h e t r i a l s which have taken place so f a r in Berlin, conclusions directed a g a i n s t t h e Church as such a n d t h e whole of t h e Cathode c h a n t i e s in G e r m a n y , and added: ^ " I t will be r e s e r v e d t o some later t i m e t o p a s s a quiet judgment with d u e r e g a r d t o all circumstances on t h e whole of t h e transgressions which h a v e occurred, a judgment t h a t will not overlook t h e i n t e n t i o n s of t h e defendants and will t a k e into account their being misled by t h i r d parties and also will consider t h e extraordin a r y m e r i t s achieved by the religious O r d e r s . " The last trial held in Berlin a g a i n s t a F r a n c i s c a n F a t h e r of t h e n a m e of O t t o Goertler ended with t h i s p r i e s t b e i n g sentenced to ten v e a r s in t h e penitentiary and fined ( a b o u t S150.000) while his o r g a n i z a t i o n w a s held ^°;~ sible t o refund n e a r l y $300,000 tc r e

{Continued

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TICIRS

M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , SATURDAY, 27th JULY, 1935.

f t i

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NOTES

CATHOLICS IN THE LIMELIGHT.

£

( B y O u r Own Correspondent.) CRICKET.

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F . & N . vs. S. T I M E S . N . J a c k s o n for. F r a s e r & N e a v e scored 20 r u n s a g a i n s t t h e S t r a i t s T i m e s P r e s s but h i s firm's s i d e f a i l e d t o w i n a s b o t h Chia K e n g H o c k a n d E . T h e n w e r e a b s e n t . J a c k s o n also c a p t u r e d 2 w i c k e t s for 21 runs.

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Dr. W . A . B a l h e t c h e t a p p e a r i n g f o r graduates against the Undergraduates of the M e d i c a l C o l l e g e t o o k 2 w i c k e t s f o r 2 r u n s a n d s c o r e d 17 r u n s . D r . K e e Hock m a d e 7 r u n s .

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H e n r y B o o n ' s , n o t - o u t s c o r e of 7 4 , w a s just another of his consistent displays this s e a s o n , a n d c o n t r i b u t e d l a r g e l y t o t h e r o u t o f S t . A n d r e w ' s School o n Saturday. Boon h a s a great future ahead o f h i m a n d s h o u l d n o t be b o t h e r e d by t h e shelving, he h a s received a t t h e hands o f t h e C o l o n y ' s s e l e c t o r s . F Chopard o f t h e N o n d e s c r i p t s g o t r i d of 6 Raffles S c h o o l b a t s m e n o n S a t u r d a y >r 43 r u n s . H e t h e n c o m p i l e d 31 r u n s . for W a t t s o f t h e school t e a m captured 6 N.C.C. w i c k e t s f o r 17 r u n s .

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.JOHORE B E A T MALACCA. The M a l a c c a t e a m , v e r y m u c h a l t e r e d f r o m t h a t w h i c h l o s t s o badly t o S i n g a pore w a s d e f e a t e d by Johore a t M a l a c c a by 3 goals to one last Saturday. A. Philemon, whom w e thought should have b e e n c h o s e n f o r t h e previous i n t e r S t a t e g a m e s , p r o v e d a decided s u c c e s s a n d n e t t e d t h e o n l y p o i n t for h i s t e a m a n d had hard luck w i t h a fine a t t e m p t a l i t t l e later. P . d e Souza a n d P h i l e m o n combined b e a u t i f u l l y it a p p e a r s . R o u g h play spoilt t h e closing s t a g e s and 2 Malacca players had to be sent packing off. H . M. de Souza (junior) Malacca's c e n t r e f o r w a r d and A . d e S i l v a centre half acquitted themselves creditably. * * * * * INTER-COLLEGE GAME E N D S I N F R E E FIGHT. It is r e g r e t t a b l e indeed t o h a v e t o record t h a t t h e annual f o o t b a l l m a t c h l a s t S a t u r d a y b e t w e e n Raffles C o l l e g e and t h e Medical C o l l e g e ended in a f r e e fight. T h e official w h o controlled t h e g a m e i n question s e e m e d a t a l o s s t o d o m i n a t e t h e t e a m s a n d t h e result w a s f r a y e d t e m p e r s and a d i s g r a c e f u l s e r i e s o f v i c i o u s l y r o u g h tactics. T h e g a m e i n c o n s e q u e n c e w a s ruined and u n l e s s s o m e drastic action be t a k e n b y t h e a u t h o r i t i e s concerned these annual i n t e r - c o l l e g e affairs had b e t t e r be s t o p p e d . T h e Medicos w o n b y 2 g o a l s t o nil b u t t h r e e Raffles C o l l e g i a n s had t o l e a v e t h e ground during t h e game through injuries. This thoroughly unpleasant g a m e should lead to a n i n q u i r y and s t e p s s h o u l d be t a k e n t o e n s u r e a better s p i r i t of r i v a l r y . Our f u t u r e doctors and t e a c h e r s h a v e g i v e n a v e r y bad e x a m p l e i n d e e d ! * * * * *

T h e S.R.C. d e f e a t e d t h e N a v a l B a s e a t c r i c k e t on t h e S.R.C. field o n S a t u r day by 3 wickets. Lourdes 3 , P. S w y n y 2 4 , D e S o u z a 5, D . S w y n y 3 , w e r e a m o n g the Base Scorers. Lourdes bowled out 3 , S.R.C. m e n f o r 2 1 , a n d P . S w y n y 1 f o r 16. F o r t h e S . R . C , J . R e u t e n s m a d e 1 2 , M. O r r 3 0 , a n d R. D o n o u g h 1 0 . * * * * * S.C.R.C. B E A T O L D R A F F L E S I A N S . T h e S.C.R.C. d e f e a t e d t h e O.R.A. o n S u n d a y b y 144 r u n s . B o o n m a d e 39 r u n s for t h e w i n n e r s , I g n a t i u s c a p t u r e d 3 wickets.

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S e l a n g o r b e a t Perak a t I p o h o n S a t u r d a y in a r o u g h and u n i n t e r e s t i n g g a m e . T h e w i n n e r s will h a v e t o i m p r o v e considerably if t h e y hope t o d e f e a t S i n g a p o r e on t h e 10th A u g u s t . T h e score w a s 4 g o a l s t o 1.

S.R.C. B E A T I N D I A N S . T h e S.R.C. c r i c k e t e r s d e f e a t e d t h e Indians o n Sunday on t h e P a d a n g by 5 w i c k e t s . T. L e i j s s i u s c a p t u r e d 8 w i c ket? f o r 3 3 r u n s in t h e 1 s t i n n i n g s a n d made 62 in t h e second while taking 9 wickets for 46 runs—a grand feat for a Non-bender. M. Orr w a s 32 n o t o u t in t h e S.R.C.'s 2 n d i n n i n g s .

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w i n n e r n o t c h i n g a superb g o a l a n d h e l p i n g M a h m o o d t o find t h e n e t , H a y w a s a wonderful spoiler but v e r y s e l d o m f e d his f o r w a r d s correctly. S i n g a p o r e ' s g o a l - k e e p e r a n d t w o backs c o v e r e d t h e m s e l v e s w i t h g l o r y . Taylor, S i n g a p o r e ' s skipper, lost h i s s t a m i n a t w e n t y m i n u t e s before the end and gave the Singapore s u p p o r t e r s a n a n x i o u s time. B o o n L a y , H a y a n d A b d u l R a h m a n covered h i m splendidly, h o w e v e r , and t h e s t o r m w a s successfully weathered. C h w e e Chua and K h u n Qnn p e r f o r m e d c r e d i t a b l y a n d s o did M a h m o o d . Said p l a y e d t h e b e s t g a m e of h i s c a r e e r and m u s t n o t b e replaced a t p r e s e n t . One c h a n g e in t h e f o r w a r d line s e e m s inevitable a s D o l f a t t a h is definitely unfit.

COLONY CRICKET ELEVEN. The C o l o n y C r i c k e t s i d e h a s been c h o s e n and t h e s e l e c t i o n w i l l o f course m e e t w i t h a l o t of c r i t i c i s m . B u t o n e f e e l s sorry f o r t h e s e l e c t o r s w h o e v e r t h e y be for t h e i r s w a s a difficult t a s k indeed. N o S.K.C., o r S.C.R.C. m a n h a s f o u n d f a v o u r w i t h t h e a u t h o r i t i e s and if t h i s should c r e a t e a n y h e a r t b u r n i n g s t h e fault l i e s e n t i r e l y w i t h t h e N o n - E u r o p e a n cricket c l u b s f o r n o t a g i t a t i n g f o r t h e f o r m a t i o n of a C r i c k e t A s s o c i a t i o n . I t is our c a n d i d o p i n i o n t h a t W o n g should have b e e n e n t r u s t e d w i t h t h e g l o v e s i n preference to Brooke of P e n a n g . Selectors do m a k e a p p a l l i n g s l i p s t h a t f e w c a n u n d e r s t a n d b u t a l l t r u e s p o r t s m e n will wish success t o the better team. W e have g r e a t respect for the prowess of men of t h e calibre of H e w a n , Hopkins, Jansen, Pearse and Reed but a f e w of t h e o t h e r s do n o t i n s p i r e . O n e c a n n o t help r e g r e t t i n g t h e o m i s s i o n of W o n g , B a l h e t c h e t , K e n g H o c k a n d Boon. * * * * *

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VOLUNTEER STALWARTS DRAW WITH ST. PATRICK'S. When t h e Johore Volunteers (Europeans) camped a t Siglap, Singapore, last w e e k end, t h e y built a splendid w o o d e n bridge o v e r t h e S i g l a p creek t h a t lies b e t w e e n S t . P a t r i c k ' s School c o m p o u n d and F r a n k e l ' s e s t a t e . On t h e S a t u r d a y e v e n i n g t h e y s p e n t in c a m p they\ p l a y e d football a g a i n s t S t . Patrick's X I . T h e g a m e w a s m o r e a m u s i n g t h a n real, a s the Johore m e n w e r e on t h e b i g s i z e a n d w e r e e x p o n e n t s o f t h e r u g b y code. C o n s e q u e n t l y t h e schoolboys w e r e s w e p t off t h e i r f e e t and off t h e i r u s u a l g a m e and could o n l y draw w i t h 2 — 2 . T h e match w a s b e s t enjoyed by t h e s p e c t a t o r s , however.

I \ 2 MALAYA CUP FINALS. I S i n g a p o r e d i d s c r a p e t h r o u g h into t h e i M a l a y a Cup F i n a l w h e n t h e S e r v i c e s • resisted d e f e a t a t t h e A n s o n R o a d S t a d i u m on S a t u r d a y l a s t . I t w a s t o u c h and g o till t h e final w h i s t l e . A n e u t r a l referee w o u l d n o t h a v e laboured under TENNIS. the h a n d i c a p s M a j o r D i x h a d to u n d e r g o in b e i n g c a l l e d u p o n t o r e f e r e e w i t h t h e N o r m a n H a n n a y of Muar p a r t n e r i n g S e r v i c e s in a c t i o n . H e w a s s u b j e c t e d Mrs. Z y l s t r a w o n the M i x e d D o u b l e s to q u i t e a l o t o f b o o i n g , s o m e of w h i c h Championship o f t h e Johore L a w n T e n n i s was unfair. A s s o c i a t i o n T o u r n a m e n t in J o h o r e B h a r u W h a t e v e r m a d e t h e s e l e c t o r s choose on F r i d a y . D c l f a t t a h in p l a c e of V a l b e r g is and w i l l H a n n a y a n d partner w e r e r u n n e r s - u p remain f o r l o n g a m y s t e r y . T h e f o r m e r in the Men's Doubles. L. A. M a r s h a l l star w a s j u s t a p a s s e n g e r , s o t h a t won t h e N o v i c e s S i n g l e s . although K e n g Hock scored from one D a v i s Cup. of h i s p a s s e s , t h e r e w e r e r e a l l y four real S. P . H u g h e s , an Irish Catholic, will forwards. M a t N o o r w a s rendered partner T u c k e y , in t h e D a v i s C u p ^ n o c u o u s b y e x c e l l e n t m a r k i n g and i t s u r p r i s i n g under the circumstance , Doubles f o r G r e a t Britain. H e i s a fine is is s u r p r i s i n g u n d e r t h e c i r c u m s t a n c e s that t h e S i n g a p o r e f o r w a r d s pierced t h e i p l a y e r w i t h p l e n t y of r i p e e x p e r i e n c e . Military d e f e n c e S Keng Hock ' H. F . D a v i d , V. McGrath and M a l f r o y confounded allhis short s i g h t e d a n d u n w h o took p a r t in t h e W i m b l e d o n g a m e s kind critics b y b e c o m i n g t h e m a t c h i a r e Catholics. g

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G e n e r a l Jottings of the W e e k .

How Happy—

B a b. y is w h* e n h i s F o o d1 s u i t s h i m — H O W H E A L T H Y . 1 • T? t o o w h e n i t i s C o w &. G a t e . A n d w h a t a relief t o y o u w h e n t h e l i t t l e b o d y g r o w s firm a n d s t r o n g , a n d t h e tiny, white teeth c o m e steadily t h r o u g h t h e g u m s without t e m p e r o r tears.

In all trying climates Cow ST Gate is accepted as the most reliable and safest of all Infant

to-day Foods-

H O L Y F A T H E R E V I N C E S J O Y ) F E A S T O F S T . M A R G A R E T IN : AT GRAN CHACO P E A C E . SCOTLAND. A s soon a s h e h e a r d of t h e e n d A m i n u t e or t w o a f t e r t h e H i g h of t h e Chaco W a r b e t w e e n Bolivia Mass in t h e football field in Duna n d P a r a g u a y , H i s Holiness s e n t fermline, Scotland, in J u n e , in t e l e g r a m s t o h i s N u n c i o s in t h o s e honour of S t . M a r g a r e t , t h e conc o u n t r i e s e x p r e s s i n g h i s h e a r t f e l t g r e g a t i o n of more t h a n 15,000 j o y a n d c h a r g i n g t h e m t o p r e s e n t were c a u g h t in a violent s t o r m of C O W & GATE MILK FOOD t o t h e i r g o v e r n m e n t s h i s p a t e r n a l t h u n d e r , lightning, a n d rain. "The Best Mtik for Babies when Natural Feeding Fails" wishes t h a t t h e n e w e r a of peace T h e mile long procession from T h e m e m b e r s the r a i l w a y s t a t i o n t o t h e field w a s would b e a r fruit. \ g e n t s for South Malaya, B . N . B o r n e o & S a r a w a k : of t h e Diplomatic Corps of S o u t h a colourful scene. P r a y e r s f o r J A C K S O N & CO., L T D . , A m e r i c a , headed by t h e A m b a s - t h e conversion of Scotland w e r e 55, Robinson Road, S i n g a p o r e . s a d o r s of A r g e n t i n a a n d Brazil recited along t h e r o u t e . called on Cardinal Pacelli, P a p a l 10 special t r a i n s a n d scores of S e c r e t a r y , t o e x p r e s s t h e p r o - buses b r o u g h t pilgrims from all C A P T . R Y A N R. A. W I N S found satisfaction of t h e i r Govern- p a r t s of Scotland. G E O R G E ARLISS I N Archbishop YACHT CLUB CHALLENGE m e n t s a n d peoples a t t h e j o y s h o w n MacDonald of E d i n b u r g h presided. CARDINAL RICHELIEU.' CUP. by t h e Pope on h e a r i n g of t h e The s i n g i n g w a s led by a c h a i r of j peace a n d t h e p a r t h e h a d played 600 children from all t h e C a t h o - j Screened At T h e Pavilion. | C a p t a i n G. L. R y a n , of t h e R.A. in b r i n g i n g i t j i b o u t . lie schools in Fifeshire. T h e s e r - j ! C h a n g i , won t h e Sailing Commitmon w a s preached b y Mgr. F u l t o n j The Bombay E x a m i n e r s a y s , " a s tee's 1934 Challenge Cup a t the POPE RECEIVES CHINESE Sheen, of t h e Catholic University j might be expected from a n a c t o r of j Royal S i n g a p o r e Y a c h t Club's At AVIATORS A N D SCHOLARS; of A m e r i c a . Mr. George Arliss's quality, t h e r e H o m e on S a t u r d a y . is n o t h i n g offensive in h i s p r e Cries of " L o n g Live t h e P o p e ! " F A R E A S T E R N SCHOOL O F s e n t m e n t of Cardinal Richelieu," i D R . S C H L S N I G G LOSES M E in Chinese g r e e t e d H i s Holiness which w a s showing a t t h e Pavilion MORY A F T E R MOTOR ACCIMUSIC. w h e n h e e n t e r e d t h e T r o n e t t o Hall last week. Indeed t h e c h u r c h DENT. on J u n e 1 9 t h t o give a n a u d i e n c e Mr. M. R. Anciano, Principal of scenes a r e done w i t h u n u s u a l act o 18 C h i n e s e officers w h o f o r t h e I t is r e p o r t e d t h a t t h e Austrian | p a s t y e a r h a v e been u n d e r g o i n g a t h e F a r E a s t e r n Music School, curacy. But t h e play which h a s been j Chancellor, D r . Schusnigg, who course in A v i a t i o n a t t h e I t a l i a n Dhoby G h a u t , h a s by h i s foresight s t a t i o n a t Orbetello. T h e officers in s t a r t i n g t h e school h e now con- adapted t o t h e scenes is s h e e r j w a s b a d l y h u r t when h i s wife w e r e p r e s e n t e d b y F a t h e r T c h a n g , trols, been t h e m e a n s of g i v i n g a melodrama—a historical t h r i l l e r ; | aged 34 w a s killed in a motor aca professor of P r o p a g a n d a College. very l a r g e n u m b e r of children a in fact it is t h e play Bulwer L y t t o n j cident, h a s lost h i s memory. H e r e m e m b e r s n o t h i n g a n d may One of t h e officers delivered a n chance of l e a r n i n g music. T h e wrote for S i r H e n r y I r v i n g . . . . a d d r e s s e x p r e s s i n g g r a t i t u d e for school in question w a s s t a r t e d in with Richelieu as t h e hero instead be u n a b l e t o c o n t i n u e in office. He t h e f r i e n d s h i p t h e Pope h a s ever 1928 a n d to-day b o a t s a roll call of a s t h e villain. Y e t in i t s c r u d e w a s picked u p unconscious and of 136. Mr. Anciano w a s a t o n e way it gives a not inaccurate no- collapsed on h e a r i n g of his wife's shown t o China. T h e chauffeur died in T h e Holy F a t h e r i m p a r t e d t o time B a n d m a s t e r of t h e Adelphi tion of t h e role a n d policy of t h e demise. g r e a t F r e n c h s t a t e s m a n a n d of t h e Hospital. H e h a d been overcome t h e m a n d t h e i r families a p a t e r n a l Hotel o r c h e s t r a . difficulties h e h a d to face. Of by s u n s t r o k e a n d t h i s caused the blessing, wished t h e m h a p p i n e s s course most of t h e incidents a r e fatal accident. a n d p r o s p e r i t y a n d gave t o each a MGR. E I J O A D M I T T E D T O fictitious, in particular t h e whole silver medal of h i s pontificate. SPANISH ACADEMY. story of Richelieu's ward. A s a SIR B E D E C L I F F O R D GOVERA p a r t y of learned Chinese non m a t t e r of fact King Louis XIII NOR O F BAHAMAS. -Christians who were present at T h e B i s h o p of Madrid. Mgr. Eijo. the recent Canonisation w e r e was solemnly a d m i t t e d into t h e j was not a libertine. But Richelieu Sir Bede Clifford, t h e nephew a f t e r w a r d s received in a u d i e n c e b y M e m b e r s h i p of t h e Spanish Aca- | was fond of cats, or at least of of S i r H u g h Clifford a past Govert h e Pope a n d t h e i r s p o k e s m a n demy of Political a n d Moral Scien- k i t t e n s . nor of o u r s , is t h e Governor of the paid a t r i b u t e t o " t h e p e r f e c t equa- ces. T h e P r e s i d e n t of t h e R e p u b - j lity w i t h w h i c h t h e P a p a c y t r e a t s lie presided a n d b y h i s side s a t ! F R . C O U G H L I N ' S RADIO T A L K S B a h a m a s I s l a n d s . H e is of course a Catholic. all n a t i o n s , w i t h o u t exception of t h e B i s h o p of Malaga. TO C E A S E ? persons or races." P O P E P I U S X ' S D E C R E E QUA*" A Contemporary Report. FIVE NATIVES O F UGANDA REV. WILLIAM SCHMIDT TO SINGULAR!. ! T h e M a d r a s Mail's correspondent ORDAINED PRIESTS. L E C T U R E I N TOKIO. at W a s h i n g t o n wrote on J u n e 10th. In A u g u s t , i t will be j u s t 25 5 n a t i v e s of t h e B a g a n d a t r i b e " I t is semi-officially known t h a t y e a r s since Pope P i u s X by the Rev. William S c h m i d t , S.D.D., F a t h e r Coughlin, Radio priest of j P r o f e s s o r a t t h e U n i v e r s i t y of in U g a n d a . E a s t Africa, were or- America h a s cancelled h i s t i m e on decree Q u a m Singular! restored Vienna, a n d Director of t h e L a t e - dained recently by Bishop C a m p - t h e a i r . . . . I t is assumed h e r e t h a t t h e p r a c t i c e of a d m i t t i n g children r a n M u s e u m of E t h n o l o g y , Rome. ling. T h e y a r e t h e first n a t i v e s Bishop Gallagher h a s h e a r d from to Holy C o m m u n i o n from about ha5. been invited by t h e Imperial of U g a n d a t o be ordained for t h e ; Rome t h a t F a t h e r Coughlin w a s t h e a g e of 7. Accordingly the U n i v e r s i t y of Tokio t o give a Mill Hill Mission. Sacred C o n g r e g a t i o n of t h e Sacra| mixing religion a n d politics series of lectures on E t h n o l o g y in m e n t h a s invited little ones all ! " N o cleric ever g a t h e r e d such a J U V E N I L E F A R M E R S DO J a p a n . H e will also give a series following across t h e spaces of a over t h e world t o m a k e a General WELL. in P e k i n g a n d l a t e r in t h e y e a r in continent a n d his d r a m a t i c voice Holy C o m m u n i o n on t h e Feast of S o u t h China a n d t h e Phillipines. t h e A s s u m p t i o n , A u g u s t 15th. in T h e Catholic Lord Mayor of ' will be missed by t h e m u l t i t u d e h e t h a n k s g i v i n g f o r t h e Decree. F a t h e r S c h m i d t h a s been elect- j g a t h e r e d from a m o n g all denomied t o t h e Royal I n s t i t u t e of A n - London. S i r Stephen Killik. forS nations. H e could resign a n d t a k e thropology of Great B r i t a i n a n d | mally opened a f a r m r u n b y boys D.C.L. (OXON) HONORIS i t h e lead in his light for social Ireland. H e is an a u t h o r i t y on j of t h e S o u t h w a r k Catholic Rescue CAUSA. justice, but he is a deeply religious a t Underhills, BleohingSociety, E t h n o l o g y , Anthropology a n d H i s - j ley, S u r r e y . T h e boys supply 50 ; m a n wedded t o his c h u r c h , a n d t o r y of Religions. Baron George Franckenstein, gallons of milk a d a y on c o n t r a c t t h e r e is no likelihood t h a t h e will t h e A u s t r i a n M i n i s t e r in London be found outside t h e r a n k s of t h e A M A T E U R A T H L E T I C ASSOCI- and h a v e already produced 1500 and M. H e r r i o t . t h e French Stapounds of t o m a t o e s and 1.200 priesthood." ATION T O B E F O R M E D . t e s m a n , a s well a s t h e Duke of c u c u m b e r s . They h a v e also sold Alba, received t h e Honorary De10.000 cauliflower seedlings. MR. A D R I A N CLARK'S T h a n k s a r e d u e to Mr. J . S. de g r e e of Doctor of Civil Law in the Souza, C h a i r m a n of t h e B o a r d of ROTARY ADDRESS. Sheldonian T h e a t r e . Oxford, quite L A D Y T E N N I S C H A M P I O N . Control, Games. S.R.C. for a t t e m recently. p t i n g t o revive i n t e r e s t in A t h l e Mr. Adrian Clark. Solicitor Mrs. Laing. is still lady tennis General h a s been very w a r m l y N E W D I R E C T O R O F T H E B.B.C tics in Singapore. " J o s i e " in his day w a s a n excellent s p r i n t e r and champion of Singapore, h a v i n g praised for his admirable a d d r e s s won a n u m b e r of prizes. A meet- won t h e title for t h r e e y e a r s . Last to t h e R o t a r y Club on Wednesday T h e new D i r e c t o r of t h e British ing w a s held last week in t h e S.C. week s h e defeated M r s . Corbett in July 17th when he spoke on h i s B r o a d c a s t i n g Corporation's L n v C. a n d a t t e n d e d by r e p r e s e n t a - t h e final. She is competing in t h e legal reminiscences. He h a s been pire a n d F o r e i e n Services i> tives of t h e various clubs a n d it Malayan T o u r n a m e n t and we wish described a s an "excellent" speak- Catholic. Mr. C. G. Graves, a w a s decided t o form a Siiyrapore her t h e success s h e so richlv d e - er, "polished, urbane, a m u s i n g n e p h e w of t h e late Earl Grey oi A m a t e u r A t h l e t i c Association. serves Mrs. Laing is a Catholic. and effortless." Falloden. j

1

1


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y ,

2 7 t h J U L Y , 1935.

HERE

(The Lack of Honour

WHERE

17

-3D T H E R E

MEN ARE USELESS.

N e v e r t h e l e s s , M r . Griscom in"Well, Honor!" said Bob slowly. sisted upon H o n o r ' s going a n d A n d t h a t w a s all, b u t t h e tone, t h e henceforth f o r seven y e a r s H o n o r flush, t h e look w i t h which h e held h e r place a m o n g t h e Gris- u t t e r e d t h e t w o words m a d e t h e m coms by t h e t e n t a c l e s of h e r holi- eloquent. day v a c a t i o n s a n d t h r e e m o n t h s B u t Wally, t w o y e a r s Robert's of s u m m e r . I n t h e m e a n t i m e s h e junior, w a s , a t nineteen, older in g r e w in h e r o w n quite s e p a r a t e effects t h a n his b r o t h e r . Wally ways, j u s t a s t h e y o u n g Griscoms w a s less simple t h a n Robert, h i s were g r o w i n g , w a y s t h a t none of d a r k colouring m a d e h i m look t h e m u n d e r s t o o d , n o r perceived in older, h e assumed sophisticated one a n o t h e r d u r i n g t h e t i m e s a i r s ; R o b e r t assumed nothing. which t h e y w e r e t o g e t h e r , occupi- Wally, feeling no less t h a n Robert ed in m a k i n g t h e m o s t of i t , still t h e a m a z i n g effect of Honor's " h a v i n g f u n , " a s Honor h a d al- subtle b e a u t y and singular c h a r m w a y s m a d e t h e m h a v e it a f t e r t h e y and t h a t while they were not lookhad once found h e r o u t . i n g "little Honor" h a d grown into W h e n H o n o r w a s seventeen s h e lovely y o u n g womanhood, w a s came h o m e f o r t h e long vacation and t o t h e celebration of R o b e r t ' s f3Hf!uu»«njiiuiHmoiimiiiiiiaiJiiiiiumnHH!!iHjiin!iiiii!iims.!»:!Hii!iHK coming of a g e . I S H A L L R E M E M B E R . IItt w waass tt o o be rs. = De a a gg rr ee aa tt affair. arrair. M Mrs. = Griscom h a d insisted upon m a k i n g | And there are wisps of bird-song in* it m e m o r a b l e t o h e r a c q u a i n t a n c e s | the air,§ a n d h e r h u s b a n d acquiesced w i t h ^Because your lilting laughter gladdened| unexpected r e a d i n e s s . In secret | gloom\ h e w a s n o t a little moved t o t h i n k | And made this wanton world foreter§ fair;§ t h a t B o b , h i s f a v o u r i t e child, a s I h e b e g a n t o confess t o himself, ^Because you lured me toward the livings was a m a n . The understanding j light M between t h e m could n o t be m o r e | And bade me break the ties that were\ complete, b u t t h e y would s t a n d I untrue—| n o w upon a recognized equality. WW hen 1 am heedful in the hush of night* T h e r e comes sometimes a defi- | / shall remember you. j n i t e m o m e n t in a life w h e n a r / ;/ L ; ,ir #1 s t u p e n d o u s fact leaps o u t in | 7 shall remember you when youthful| s t a r t l i n g , b u t u n m i s t a k a b l e vivid- I , years ^ n e s s f r o m t h e a m b u s h a t one's I Long, long, have left me and the<g right hand, where it had lurked I tartar, Time,^ u n s u s p e c t e d f o r y e a r s , unseen, o r EH as marred me wih its tyranny of tears , | seen in q u i t e a n o t h e r t h a n i t s | Stealing the sanguine spirit of my§ own if oo rr m A ff tt ee rr tt hh ii ss m moom meenntt own m. A ^ , _ — prime; 1 head. She h a s passed into i t s t r u e p e r s p e c - | j \ blow% H o n o r snook n e r tiye o n e w o n d e r s a t t h e p u r b l i n d - | That acrid age shall deal me as myE looked p l e a s e d — w h a t girl would ness t h a t delayed i t s revelation. due—| not b e pleased w i t h a t r i b u t e to The Griscom boys h a d been r the soft sunken sunset's afterglows b e i b e a u t y s o u n m i s t a k a b l y sintoo y o u n g t o m a k e this p h e n o 7 shall remember you. § cere? Y e t s h e looked annoyed, menon unlikely, y e t both R o b e r t (Thomas. E. Burke C.S.C.) I > > s h r i n k i n g , glanced inand W a l l y marvelled a t w h a t 1 voluntarily a t Robert s t a n d i n g tonguetied, scowling with annoy Bob's twenty-first b i r t h d a y celebrsmi f twi i o i t i ^ ance which h e did not himself ration m a d e clear t o t h e m . Honor came down t h e s t a i r s t o m o r e equal t h a n h i s b r o t h e r t o u n d e r s t a n d . "Indeed you a r e n ' t going t o take find b o t h b r o t h e r s waiting n e a r seizing h i s opportunity. " W e l l , Honor!' W e l l ! I t surely half m y dances, Wally!" s h e cried. t h e newel post. S h e w a s all in diaphanous w h i t e , floating, like is well, H o n o r ; " Wally cried stepp- "And Bob is t o t a k e t h e o t h e r half, t h i n n e s t d a w n clouds, over rose ing forward, a becoming flush on I suppose, so I c a n ' t dance with pink. S h e came slowly, w i t h n e w his d a r k cheek, h i s large eyes any nice n e w boys a t a l l ! O r it self-consciousness, for s h e could a l i g h t w i t h admiration. is c h a r i t y a n d you only pretend " H o w did you d o it, little H o n o r ? I look nice, b u t a r e really afraid not help k n o w i n g t h a t s h e looked h e r best a n d B o b a n d Wally m a d e I t h o u g h t t h e r e w e r e n ' t m i r r o r s no o n e else will dance w i t h m e ? h e r feel a s if t h e y w e r e s t r a n g e r s , a n d opportunities i n a convent, J u s t let m e t r y m y wings, W a l l y ! so d i s t u r b i n g w a s t h e unfamiliar y e t you've found t h e w a y t o grow People don't dance m u c h with expression t h a t leaped into t h e i r u p all a t once a n d t o blossom into t h e i r b r o t h e r s , and you b o y s are eyes. b e a u t y ! Honor, you little wonder, almost m y b r o t h e r s . " "It i s so ridiculous t o b e celeb- y o u ' r e — y o u ' r e a peach, t h e peach" A l m o s t i s n ' t quite, Miss Shaw," r a t i n g y o u a s a full-grown m a n , iest p e a c h ! You're g r e a t ! Give m e r e t o r t e d Wally. " I ' d r a t h e r dull Bobsy," s h e said, w i t h a l a u g h of y o u r c a r d ; I'm going t o t a k e half A n n a w e r e m y s i s t e r t h a n you. y o u r dances." embarrassment. Come w i t h m e ; I'll t a k e y o u in." " I t ' s supposed t o be m y festival, Wal," said Robert. " H o n o r , I'd like t o t a k e you in t o m y g u e s t s ; Telephone No. 7843. t h e r e a r e quite a lot of people in there." " H o w f u n n y for you boys suddenly t o b e so polite t o little 71, Victoria Street, H o n o r ! " cried Honor, b u t her laugh w a s n o t a success, f o r she SINGAPORE. intercepted a look between t h e b r o t h e r s which w a s not pleasant to see a n d t h e bewildering change Wedding Cakes a Speciality t o w a r d h e r frightened h e r . " I ' m Assorted Cakes Maker, Tea Party Supplier. going in w i t h you b o t h ! Come Wallybob! W a s n ' t i t f u n n y t h a t I Hot and Cold Drinks, etc. made one word o u t of y o u r n a m e s when I first came t o live w i t h you ? E v e r so m u c h nicer t h a n calling Proprietor 'Boys, b o y s ! Don't look so grown J O S E P H CHONG S I N TONG up b o t h of y o u ! Come t o t h e p a r t y ar.r* ' L e t ' s h a v e f u n ! ' as w e always i

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THE VICTORIA CONFECTIONERY & STORE

e

y

1

h

OF PRIDE.

Take some quiet sober m o m e n t of life, a n d add t o g e t h e r t h e t w o ideas of pride a n d m a n ; behold him, c r e a t u r e of a span h i g h , stalking t h r o u g h infinite space in all t h e g r a n d e u r of littleness. Perched on a speck of t h e u n i verse, every wind of h e a v e n strikes into his b o d y t h e coldness of d e a t h ; his soul floats from h i s body like melody from a s t r i n g ; day a n d night, a s d u s t on t h e wheel, h e is rolled along t h e heavens t h r o u g h a l a b y r i n t h of worlds, a n d all t h e creations of God a r e flaming above a n d b e neath. Is this a creature to make for himself a crown of glory, t o deny h i s own flesh, t o mock a t his* fellow s p r u n g from t h a t d u s t t o which b o t h will soon r e t u r n ? Does t h e proud m a n n o t e r r ? W h e n h e r e a s o n s is h e n e v e r stopped b y difficulties? W h e n he acts is he never tempted by pleas u r e ? W h e n h e lives is h e free from p a i n ? W h e n h e dies c a n h e escape t h e common g r a v e ? P r i d e x w v , o«.*v*. — , looked a t each o t h e r a n d asked is not t h e h e r i t a g e of m a n ; h u m i anxiously if s h e were quite dead, lity should dwell w i t h frailty a n d One p u t h i s a r m round h e r t e n - atone f o r ignorance, e r r o r a n d i m tatively, n o t s u r e t h a t t h e corpse perfection.—Sydney S m i t h . wouldn't s i t u p suddenly a n d scowl a t h i m for h i s t e m e r i t y , A n o t h e r called t h e footman, who at a glance a n d g a v e h e r o r d e r s h a d a p p e a r e d in a n s w e r t o h i s ur- coolly. " L e t h e r lie d o w n , " said gent calls, " a blundering idiot," she. " a n d stand f r o m a r o u n d h e r , because h e didn't u n d e r s t a n d w h a t so t h a t s h e m a y g e t some a i r . w a s w a n t e d w h e n h e w a s told t o She'll be all r i g h t in a m i n u t e . " r u n for t h e nearest h a t without Take away that whisky and let m e h a v e t h e water. T h e r e you a r e . " a doctor." And t h e r e s h e w a s , s i t t i n g u p ^ \]^ i t a n army and blinking. ^ i i t it w a s only Yes, i t ' s j u s t a s D r . W h a t ' s - H e r e n d j u swt haos did t h e yallw etrhee sin t h i n gtsi.v e Aones N a m e says, m e n a r e m u c h m o r e despair a w o m a n came i n t o t h e emotional t h a n women. room. S h e took in t h e situation

( S E C O N D INSTALMENT)

t h

FOLLY

The woman fainted, and t h e s e a r e some of t h e t h i n g s t h e halfcozen m e n in t h e rooms did w i t h her. Two of t h e m made a d a s h for t h e dining-room to g e t w a t e r , a n d fell over each o t h e r a t t h e door of the apartment. One h a s t e n e d t o a neighbouring chemist for a m i x t u r e of a vichy and a m m o n i a . One appeared suddenly w i t h a glass of w h i s k y obtained from no one knows w h e r e . In endeavouring t o raise t h e g a s two able-bodied a n d excited fellows left t h e p a r t y in total d a r k ness for a t least a m i n u t e , while everyone of t h e m fumbled in h i s pocket for a m a t c h . F o u r m e n fanned t h e invalid with m u s i c , h a n d k e r c h i e f s , h a t s , or w h a t e v e r w a s t o hand. One held a flower-pot u n d e r h e r nose u n d e r t h e mistaken i m p r e s sion t h a t it would be reviving in its effects, b u t i t w a s n ' t . Two s a i d : " T h e r e , t h e r e , " a n d

Our Serial Story

s

THE

a n d

; said. I t ' s r a t h e r h o r r i d t o find Bob t w e n t y - o n e a n d A n n a e n gaged, only a y e a r o l d — " H o n o r checked herself. "~ "Only a y e a r older t h a n you a r e , " Wally finished f o r h e r . "You a r e g r o w n u p yourself, little Honor, and h o w you've done i t ! " "I a m n o t ! " she contradicted, flatly w i t h a s t a m p of one small, "You aren't white-shod foot. grown u p if you h a t e i t ! " "Besides, A n n a is e n g a g e d t o a missionary a n d t h a t does n o t c o u n t ! " Said Bob, w i t h a s u d d e n clearance of t h e s h a d o w t h a t a c corded so ill w i t h t h e f r a n k calm of h i s fair, kind face. " A n e n g a g e m e n t t o a m i s s i o n a r y is such a solemn t h i n g t h a t i t is w a r r a n t ed a t eighteen. L i k e t h e g n a t in ' T h r o u g h t h e L o o k i n g Glass,' I see t h e possibilities of a j o k e in t h a t , something about eighteen a n d eatin', you know. If only A n n a ' s young missionary were going t o the cannibals! B u t h e isn't; he's going most comfortably t o China. I doubt t h a t m o t h e r would let A n n a be engaged t o a m i s s i o n a r y t o t h e cannibals. Come on t o m y p a r t y , H o n o r ; we'll go in amicably t o g e t h e r , a s you s u g g e s t . " ''"You nice old B o b b y ! cried Honor involuntarily, relieved b y Bob's relapse i n t o h i s old f a m i l i a r self. "We'll go a n d celebrate R o b e r t ' s m a j o r i t y , b u t d o n ' t y o u t h i n k of him a s 'nice old Bobby' unless you t h i n k of m e a s — N o . I d o n ' t w a n t you t h i n k i n g of m e a s nice old Wally, after a l l ! " Wally took H o n o r ' s hand a n d tucked it into his a r m with a n a i r of p r o p r i e t o r ship. * (Continued

on page

19 Col. 3 and U)


AROUND SINGAPORE, SINGAPORE CHURCH OF ST. JOSEPH. Baptism. 2 0 t h J u l y , V i l m a M a r y Dias, b o r n on t h e 2 3 r d J u n e , d a u g h t e r of W a l t e r D i a s a n d of L y d i a Mary Dias. God-parents:— P h i l i p J a n s e n a n d F l o r e n c e Klyne. Marriage. 2 0 t h J u l y , Philip J a m e s Ariken, a g e d 37, son of J o s e p h A r i k e n a n d of A n n a A n t h o n y , t o Miss T h e r e s a Rosina Aroozoo, aged 24, d a u g h t e r of F r a n k Aroozoo a n d of M a r t i n h a Rozario. W i t nesses : — P e t e r Frois and A g n e s Aroozoo.

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T h e m a r r i a g e w a s solemnized a t t h e C h u r c h of t h e Sacred H e a r t , S i n g a p o r e , on J u l y 20th, 1935 t h e contracting parties being Mr. Matt h e w B o n g N y a n Shoon, old boy of -St. J o s e p h ' s School, K u c h i n g , d r e s s e r a t T a n Tock S e n g Hospital t o Miss M a r y Soh P o h Choo. OBITUARY. T h e d e a t h took place on J u l y 22nd a t h e r residence in Tembeli n g Road, Singapore, of M r s . Alexandrina Hendricks aged 83. S h e leaves b e h i n d 2 d a u g h t e r s , 19 g r a n d c h i l d r e n a n d 11 g r e a t g r a n d children. T h e f u n e r a l took place a t 7 a.m. on J u l y 23rd from t h e C h u r c h of S t . J o s e p h . R.I.P. * * * * * 16th J u l y , G e o r g i a n a Nunes, a g e d 69. R . I . P .

PENANG A p r e t t y w e d d i n g w a s solemnized a t t h e C h u r c h of t h e A s s u m p tion, P e n a n g on t h e 2 0 t h i n s t a n t , t h e c o n t r a c t i n g p a r t i e s b e i n g Mr. F r a n k J a m e s of K u c h i n g , S a r a w a k a n d Miss M a r j o r i e W a r d , t h e elder d a u g h t e r of Mr. A . W a r d and t h e late Mrs. Matilda Ward. Rev. F a t h e r S o u h a i t officiated while M r . A. A. de Cruz presided a t t h e organ.

MALACCA MALACCA EURASIAN ASSOCIATION. A n e x t r a o r d i n a r y general m e e t i n g of t h e Malacca Eurasian Association w a s held a t the E u r a s i a n V o l u n t e e r Club, J o n k e r S t r e e t , Malacca, on Sunday, J u l y 21st, a t 10 a.m. The meeting which w a s v e r y largely a t t e n d e d w a s presided over b y Mr. H. M. de Souza. T h e a g e n d a consisted of t h e n o m i n a t i o n of a Municipal Commissioner in place of Mr. W. F. Zehnder, resigned, and a vice p r e s i d e n t of t h e Association d u e t o t h e r e s i g n a t i o n of Mr. D. T h e s e i r a . Mr. H . M. de Souza, w h o did n o t s t a n d for nomination, s t r e s s e d upon t h e importance of selecting a suitable candidate t o b e t h e Municipal Commissioner. A s a r e s u l t of t h e v o t i n g by ballot, Mr. F. A. de W i t t , J.P., w a s nomina t e d a s t h e Association's representative. M r . V . E . Dias w a s appointed vice president of t h e Association. T h e M e e t i n g t e r m i n a t e d with a v o t e of t h a n k s t o t h e chair.

THE

PARISHES

PENANG, MALACCA, KUALA LUMPUR, TAIPING, BATU GAJAH. GIRLS' SPORTS CLUB. N e t ball in t h e first r o u n d of t h e inter-house m a t c h e s w a s played l a s t F r i d a y , J u l y 1 9 t h on t h e B a n d a Dilir English School ground, Malacca, and r e s u l t e d a s follows:— B. T e a m : — C l a r k e H o u s e 4 goals a n d Daley H o u s e 10 goals. A. T e a m : — C l a r k e H o u s e 8 goals and Daley H o u s e 7 goals. P o i n t s : — C l a r k e H o u s e 15, D a l e y House 15. T h e second r o u n d between t h e t w o houses will b e played off on S a t u r d a y , J u l y 2 7 t h on t h e B a n d a Hilir E n g l i s h School ground a t 4-45 p.m.

KUALA

LUMPUR

OBITUARY. A Requiem H i g h Mass, offered for t h e repose of the soul of Paul Chye ( 2 1 ) a keen Sodalist, t h e beloved son of Mr. & Mrs. Chye Kow, w h o passed away on Wednesday, 17th July, wfll be sung at t h e Church of the Holy Rosary, Kuala Lumpur, on Saturday, 3rd A u g u s t , 1935 at 6.30 a-m. All Sodalists are kindly requested t o m a k e a special effort to be present.* "Eternal rest g i v e unto h i m O Lord and May perpetual Light s h i n e upon him." PERSONALIA. On S u n d a y l a s t Rev. F r . R. G i r a r d left for t h e C a m e r o n H i g h lands on a m u c h needed holiday. H e will be back in K u a l a L u m p u r a f t e r a 10 d a y s ' v a c a t i o n . " M r . L. D a n k e r of t h e C h a r t e r e d Bank, K u a l a L u m p u r h a s been appointed Chief Clerk a s f r o m t h e 1st. i n s t a n t on t h e r e t i r e m e n t of M r . P a t Zilwa. M r . L. D a n k e r is also t h e T r e a s u r e r of t h e Catholic A c t i o n Society, K u a l a L u m p u r . "

TAMPIN ST. PHILOMENA'S FEAST-DAY. Father D e Silva thanks benefactors. T h e f e a s t - d a y of St. P h i l o m e n a will be celebrated a t 8 a.m. in S t . P h i l o m e n a ' s C h u r c h , T a m p i n , on t h e 11th A u g u s t 1935. Holy M a s s a n d special p r a y e r s will be offered for friends a n d clients of t h e S a i n t . F a t h e r F . de Silva, priest-inc h a r g e , w i s h e s to t h a n k t h e g e n e r o u s donors of t h e C h u r c h , a m o n g w h o m special m e n t i o n should be m a d e of t h e R t . Revd. A d r i a n Devals, B i s h o p of Malacca, w h o contributed $ 2 2 0 ; Mr. Michael S a m y $ 5 0 0 ; M r . R. L i n d s a y - S m i t h $ 2 0 0 ; A n o n y m o u s Malacca $ 2 0 0 ; Mr. R. D I A S $ 1 0 0 ; A n o n y m o u s Malacca $ 1 0 0 ; P e r e i r a B r o t h e r s , S u n g k a i $ 1 0 0 ; M r . J . H. M a n u e l $ 5 0 ; Mr. S. P . D'Silva $ 5 0 ; Mr. Chow L i a n $ 5 0 ; M r . E e Tarn $ 5 0 ; Mr. R. M. D a s s o n $ 5 0 ; M r . A. Soosai $ 5 0 ; Donors of less t h a n $50 a r e also t h a n k e d . T h e Balance S h e e t of St. P h i l o mena's Church Fund a c shows a deficit of some $900. 7

TAIPING Church of S t . Louis, D u r i n g t h e s e r m o n on S u n d a y t h e 21st i n s t a n t , t h e Revd. F a t h e r for t h e p a r i s h i o n e r s of B a t u G a j a h

and The His who and had him

announced t h a t t h e d a y ' s Holy Mass w a s offered f o r t h o s e w h o h a v e ungrudgingly offered A l m s to t h e poor in connection w i t h t h e S t . Vincent de Paul Society of t h e P a r i s h , which w a s established a y e a r ago, a n d read several quotations a t l e n g t h w h e r e o u r L o r d h a s spoken of t h e necessity for r e n d e r ing help in various w a y s t o t h e poor.

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Revd, F a t h e r Olcomendy, Vicar o i t h e C h u r c h of S t . Louis left Taiping on Sunday noon for a m u c h needed r e s t and holiday for t h e C a m e r o n s Highland^. H e will s t a y t h e r e for a b o u t t e n d a y s . *

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t h e s m a l l e r p a r i s h e s around. j o y w h i c h t h e y felt on meeting Excellency Bishop A. Devals, w a s on h i s p a s t o r a l visitations t h e consolation which they f r o m t h e s e r m o n s preached by are beyond words.

On 8 t h J u l y His Excellency a r r i v e d a t B a t u G a j a h , visited the schools. His Excellency tw o showed g r e a t i n t e r e s t in t h e fretw o r k s done b y t h e children of the O r p h a n a g e , a n d t h e various kinds of s e w i n g done b y t h e school girls u n d e r t h e direction of t h e i r much beloved t e a c h e r M r s . Webber. E a r l y in t h e m o r n i n g of July, H i s excellency w a s on his way to A y e r K u n n i n g , (a distance of 35 miles b y c a r ) t o say Mass and adm i n i s t e r t h e S a c r a m e n t of Confirm a t i o n t o t h e people t h e r e . His Excellency w a s touched, by the •poverty of t h o s e C h r i s t i a n s and he r e m a r k e d t h a t it w a s t h e poorest c o n g r e g a t i o n h e ever saw in the whole of H i s Diocese. A f t e r Mass H i s Excellency s p e n t about an h o u r in consoling t h o s e poor Christ i a n s w i t h h i s F a t h e r l y advice.

T h e Revd. F a t h e r t h a n k e d t h o s e P a r i s h i o n e r s responsible for t h e S t . Vincent d e Paul Society on his own behalf and t h a t of t h e P a r i s h i o n e r s w h o h a v e received help so far. * * * *

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TAMPiN,

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A Tamil concert is t o be s t a g e d on t h e n i g h t of t h e 4 t h A u g u s t , 1935, a t t h e Taiping T o w n Hall t o raise funds for t h e completion of t h e Parochial H o u s e a t t h e C h u r c h of Our L a d y of L o u r d e s a t Ipoh. T h e j o u r n e y on 10th J u l y was It is hoped t h a t t h e T a i p i n g n o t so long a s on t h e previous day, P a r i s h i o n e r s and o t h e r s will give for Malim N a w a r is only 23 miles s t r o n g support t o w a r d s t h i s move- I J «*«*~« ^ . - m e n t , a s t h e p r e s e n t residence of j ™ ? u P t h e P a r i s h P r i e s t t h e r e h a s become Rev. ~O. ^D uzealous p o i r i e u x ,predecessor: is by the uninhabitable and beyond a n y t h e r o a d s i d e . In t h i s district His reasonable s t a t e of r e p a i r . I t will Excelleny h a d t h e pleasure of be remembered t h a t t h i s house is receiving i n t o t h e C h u r c h t h e most over t w e n t y five y e a r s old. p o p u l a r g e n t l e m a n of t h a t district. O u r beloved C o n v e r t Mr. W. E. W o o d w o r t h , w h o besides making BATU GAJAH t h e usual A b j u r a t i o n received also f r o m H i s Excellency's h a n d s , the A f t e r a long i n t e r v a l of silence, S a c r a m e n t s of Baptism, Penance, I h e r e w i t h t a k e t h e pleasure of Confirmation a n d Holy Eucharist. f u r n i s h i n g some n e w s of t h e A f t e r M a s s H i s Excellency visited. p a r i s h work. In t h e last r e p o r t it M a n y Catholic families whom He w a s s t a t e d t h a t t h e St. Joseph's k n e w w h e n t h e y were in Penang. Girls' School needed a n extension. T h e 11th of J u l y was a red letter Now it is very p l e a s a n t t o note day for t h e Catholics of Kampar, t h a t t h r o u g h t h e generosity of t h e p a r i s h i o n e r s and several readers for on t h a t d a y t h e y had the of t h e M.C.L. t h e building has pleasure of s e e i n g His Excellency been completed a n d ' i s to t h e satis- offering t h e Sacrifice of t h e Holy faction of everyone. This build- M a s s for each of t h e m . It was i n g now contains, four l a r g e halls also a d a y of j o y for His Excellency each of which can accommodate t o see t h e whole of t h e French 40 pupils. One of t h e halls is used C o m m u n i t y ( a b o u t t w e n t y in all), for t h e s t u d y of E n g l i s h , t h e se- w i t h w h o m h e dined in t h e house cond for t h e s t u d y of Chinese, the of Mr. R a n c , m a n a g e r of the t h i r d ( u p s t a i r s ) is used a s a F r e n c h Mines. w

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d o r m i t o r y , and t h e f o u r t h (ups t a i r s ) is used as a sewing class. T h e sewing class is equipped with t w o s e w i n g m a c h i n e s (one hand m a c h i n e , t h e o t h e r leg m a c h i n e ; b o t h of which w e r e p r e s e n t e d by a g e n t l e m a n from Ipoh whose gener o s i t y is much appreciated bv us all). A l t h o u g h t h e r e still r e m a i n s a s u m of money t o be paid u p for t h i s building, y e t I feel it m y duty a n d a v e r y grateful one t o express m y t h a n k s to all w h o have so generously c o n t r i b u t e d t o this building fund. T h i s building was blessed on 2nd J u n e in t h e presence of t h e District Officer Mr. Sennett and t h e p a r i s h i o n e r s .

His Lordship's Visit To Batu Gajah P a r i s h And Outlying SubParishes. of

T h e Month of J u l y was a month filial happiness and g r a t i t u d e

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On 13th. J u l y a f t e r Mass His Excellency j o u r n e y e d t o Sitiawan and K a m p o n g Koh (some 60 miles* from I p o h ) t o visit t h e Catholics t h e r e , a n d on t h e following day His Excellency a d m i n i s t e r e d t h e Sacram e n t of Confirmation to Christians of all r a c e s . On 16th J u l y His Excellency visited t h e l a s t Station which is Gopeng. N e a r l y all t h e Catholics of all r a c e s c a m e to Confession and Holy C o m m u n i o n . His Excellency and F r . E d m o n d motored from Ipoh t o Gopeng. After Mass Mr. Dillon Corneck, t h e F r e n c h Consul a n d M a n a g e r of t h e Gopeng French Mines, on b e h a l f of t h e Congreg a t i o n , welcomed His Excellency. A f t e r a G r o u p P h o t o w a s taken M r . Dillon Corneck invited the Clergv t o b r e a k f a s t . On his waj to C a m e r o n Highlands. His e x cellency stopped a t Mr. Dawson ~ bungalow for tiffin and then proceeded to t h e Highlands.


MALAYA CATHOLIC LEADER, SATURDAY, 27th JULY, 1935.

PASTORAL VISITATION Confirmation Service. Presentation of Address by Catholics. The R t . R e v e r e n d D r . A. D e v a l s . D.D., the B i s h o p o f M a l a c c a , w h o p a i d h i s first visit t o S i t i a w a n d u r i n g t h e w e e k - e n d was extended a h e a r t y welcome by the c o n g r e g a t i o n o f t h e C h u r c h of S t . F r a n c i s ot b a i e s o n S u n d a y l a s t , w h e n a n a d d r e s s was presented to him. There w a s a l a r g e g a t h e r i n g o f C a t h o lics f r o m S i t i a w a n , B r u a s , L u m u t a n d Ayer T a w a r w h o assembled a t the Church g r o u n d s a f t e r t h e Confirmation service a n d t h e M a s s . w h i c h w e r e c o n ducted by the Bishop, assisted by Reverend F a t h e r s Olcomendy a n d Corleiro. Dr. M. F . d e S i l v a , E s t a t e Medical Officer, B r u a s , r e a d t h e f o l l o w i n g a d d r e s s . THE ADDRESS Devals, T the Rt. Reverend Dr. A. D. D., B i s h o p of M a l a c c a . May it please Your Excellency, We, the Catholics of Sitiawan. Bruas, Lumut and A y e r T a w a r , h a v e a s s e m b l e d here to g r e e t y o u a n d t o offer t o Y o u r E x cellency a v e r y w a r m w e l c o m e o n t h e occasion of y o u r f i r s t v i s i t t o t h i s D i s . irict. We t h a n k Y o u r E x c e l l e n c y f o r h a v i n g come a l l t h e w a y t o s e e u s a n d t o a d m i n i s t e r t h e S a c r a m e n t of C o n f i r m a t i o n in chis C h u r c h of S t . F r a n c i s of S a l e s . T h i s C h u r c h w a s b u i l t in 1928 b y t h e R e v e r e n d F a t h e r P e r r i s s o u d a n d in this work mention m u s t be m a d e o f t h e invaluable help g i v e n h i m by M r . A . E . L. S m i t h of S i t i a w a n . A suitable place for worship w a s thus afforded t o t h e C a t h o l i c s of t h e s e d i s tricts. At the present time we are g r a t e f u l t o o u r zealors p a s t o r s , the R e v e r e n d F a t h e r s M. O l c o m e n d y a n d L. Cordeiro w h o c o m e o v e r r e g u l a r l y from Taipint? and B a t u Gajah respectively to administer to our spiritual needs. Their labours a r e by no m e a n s easy as they h a v e to t r a v e l some s i x t y miles to s a y M a s s in t h i s C h u r c h a n d w e p r a y 0

T H E LITTLE B I S H O P / It is a common delusion, s a y s the " A v e M a r i a , " t h a t m e n of wide g i r t h a n d long l e n g t h — l a r g e men a n d t a l l — a r e m o r e b r a v e , generous, affable, helpful, forgiving, etc., t h a n t h o s e of small m e a sure,—men like S t . P a u l and Napoleon for instance. T h e lamented B i s h o p Jolivet, of South Africa, used t o tell t h i s s t o r y of himself: " I w a s h e a r i n g confessions once in Liverpool w h e n a big, b u r l y collier looked i n t o m y box a n d w e n t a w a y m u t t e r i n g : 'He's t o s m a l l ; I w o n ' t g o t o h i m / After a s h o r t t i m e h e r e t u r n e d and h a d a n o t h e r look a t m e . 'Bedad, I t h i n k Til t r y h i m ! He must be a c h a m p i o n or t h e Bishop would n e v e r h a v e ordained h i m / " A c h a m p i o n indeed h e w a s ; so zealous t h a t in h i s seventy-first year " h e t r a v e l l e d , " w r i t e s one of his p r i e s t s , " t h r o u g h s o m e of t h e roughest p a r t s of wild, m o u n t a i n ous B a s u t o l a n d on h o r s e b a c k . " And we h a v e h i s own a s s u r a n c e t h a t a t t h a t t i m e h e s p e n t ten hours a d a y in t h e saddle. Once, after he h a d completed t h r e e s c o r e years and t e n , a f r a c t i o u s horse bucked a n d , in t h e B i s h o p ' s own words, " s e n t m e u p s p i n n i n g in t h e air like a football. I should have been killed b y t h e fall, b u t I was not h u r t a t all. Only m y finger sot tangled in t h e bridle, and t h e brute pulled it so s h a r p l y a s t o p u t it out of j o i n t . I t is a m e r e trifle." ' T h e little B i s h o p " w a s a s tender as h e w a s b r a v e ; t h e smallest tots knew h i m , a n d easily beguiled Wm into c o n v e r s a t i o n a b o u t t h e i r dolls. One of h i s p r i e s t s w r i t e s : 1 have k n o w n t h e Bishop t o leave pis bed a t one o'clock in t h e m o r a ng in o r d e r t o w r i t e t o o n e of his Priests t o w i s h h i m a h a p p y feastJ

A l m i g h t y God w i l l b l e s s t h e m a n d h e l p them to c o n t i n u e t h e i r g o o d work a m o n g s t us. T h e C a t h o l i c C o m m u n i t y in these parts, though not v e r y large comparat i v e l y , is n e v e r t h e l e s s g r o w i n g in i m p o r t a n c e a s testified b y t o d a y ' s g a t h e r ing. W e assure Your Excellency that w e shall endeavour to collaborate with o u r p a s t o r s in p r o m o t i n g t h e i n t e r e s t s of our Holy Faith and thus strive to u p h o l d t h e p r i n c i p l e s o f Catholic a c t i o n a s denned b y our S o v e r e i g n Pontiff, P i u s X I , and championed in M a l a y a by Your Excellency, W e p r a y God t o g r a n t Y o u r E x c e l l e n c y good h e a l t h a n d s h o w e r H i s b l e s s i n g s on a l l y o u r u n d e r t a k i n g s f o r H i s Glory. Soliciting Your Lordship's Episcopal Blessing,—We are, Y o u r Excellency's dev o t e d children, t h e Catholics of S i t i a w a n , Bruas, Lumut and A y e r Tawar, 1 4 t h J u l y , 1935. HIS LORDSHIP'S REPLY. H i s Lordship, i n h i s r e p l y , s a i d t h a t , although this district w a s the last to be v i s i t e a oy h i m , y e t h e did n o t r e g a r d this place as the least. He regretted v e r y much that a t the moment he w a s unable to s p a r e a p r i e s t to be r e s i d e n t in t h e d i s t r i c t a n d h e a s s u r e d t h e g a t h e r i n g t h a t he would send one t o r e side a t S i t i a w a n a s soon as he w a s a b l e t o do s o . T h e f u n c t i o n c a m e t o a close, a f t e r H i s Lordship had imparted the Apostolic B l e s s i n g on Ihe c o n g r e g a t i o n . Later, the Bishop and p a r t y visited L u m u t a n d G e l a n g G a j a h a n d h a d tiffin a t t h e r e s i d e n c e of D r . a n d M r s . M . F . de Silva. A f t e r tiffin, t h e B i s h o p l e f t f o r T a i p i n g a n d on his w a y called a t t h e residence o f t h e H o n ' b l e M r . S. B . P a l m e r , w h e r e he was entertained to tea.

day, and to tell h i m t h a t h e would r e m e m b e r him in h i s early M a s s . " N o wonder t h e r e was m o u r n i n g w h e n Bishop Jolivet died! THE USE OF LATIN IN T H E CHURCH. W h y does t h e Church use t h e Latin language? For these reasons : 1. Because a universal commun i t y requires a universal l a n g u a g e . T h e Ciiurch of C h r i s t is universal. 2. Because it does not c h a n g e . If, for example, t h e Church should use F r e n c h in one of h e r formulas alone, t h a t of b a p t i s m , s h e would h a v e been obliged to c h a n g e it over sixty t i m e s . In t h e so-called Anglo-Saxon of 1,000 y e a r s a g o s h e could not b e understood except by experts. 3. Because n o t h i n g can equal t h e dignity of t h e L a t i n l a n g u a g e , i t s clearness or i t s beauty. I t is t h e language of science and civilisation, and deserves t o be t h e i a n g u a g e of an unchangeable religion. 4. Because it lifts t h e liturgy of t h e Church above t h e e v e r y - d a y u s u a g e of worc^s, / which a l t e r s t h e i r sense a n d debases it by licentiousness. This misfortune h a s actually befallen t h e E n g l i s h liturgy of t h e Anglo-American Episcopalians. 5. Finally, a universal language speaks of a universal brotherhood, and makes a Catholic a t home in all Catholic c h u r c h e s of t h e world. Besides, h e u n d e r s t a n d s t h e language, though unlearned, by t h e ceremonies of t h e Church, or from his prayer-book, which contains its entire m e a n i n g in his own of t h e old s a y i n g t h a t a l t h o u g h ' it tongue

T H E LACK OF HONOUR (Continued

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17)

" W a l l i n g h a m Griscom, please be sensible!" ordered Honor. She snatched h e r h a n d out of its broadcloth case and m a r c h e d ahead of t h e boys, h e r he%rt t h r o b b i n g uncomfortably. W h a t w a s t h e r e in Wally's t u c k i n g h e r h a n d into his a r m t o d i s t u r b h e r ? How often had h e s w u n g w i t h her, a r m s around each o t h e r ' s w a i s t s . A n d n o w — ! Honor felt t h a t t h e old order h a d tumbled a b o u t h e r e a r s and t h e new one w a s distinctly less pleasant. Throughout t h a t summer the Griscom boys w e r e Honor's devoted slaves. Mr. Griscom s a w t h i s from t h e first and smiled, well satisfied. H e k n e w w h a t a r a r e little woman H o n o r was g o i n g to b e a n d t h a t h e could not h a v e hoped for such a wife for e i t h e r of h i s sons. T h e difference in religion did not occur t o him. H o n o r h a d lived in his household like one of his own c h i l d r e n ; h e had ceased to r e m e m b e r a t t i m e s t h a t s h e was n o t his own. H e r i n h e r i t e d faith did not c r e a t e a b a r r i e r in t h e daily life of h e r growing y e a r s and h e did not t h i n k of it in connection w i t h t h e y e a r s t o come. If h e h a d r e m e m b e r e d it he would not h a v e considered it. P r i v a t e l y h e w i s h e d t h a t A n n a and Lillie w e r e a s winsome, a s b r i g h t , a s h u m b l y good a s h i s dead friend's child. H e would h a v e told h i m self t h a t a Catholic wife would not b e in d a n g e r of t i r i n g of h e r bonds a n d lightly c a s t i n g t h e m aside if one of h i s b o y s possessed her. H e r e M r . Griscom frowned. "One of h i s b o y s ! " H e would n o t c a r e t o h a v e M a r k ' s girl m a r r y Wally. B u t H o n o r would s u r e l y be t o o sensible t o prefer h i m , "especially a f t e r g r o w i n g up in t h e same house with him." For t h e good m a n h a d s c a n t confidence in his second boy. " N o t reliable," he told himself, a n d to be unrealiable was in T h o m a s Griscom's eyes t h e g r e a t , c o m p r e h e n s i v e fault. " S t r a n g e l y enough, t h o u g h t h e fact t h a t his sons w e r e both plunged deeply into t h e i r first love, and loved t h e s a m e girl, was plain enough t o t h e i r father, Mrs. Griscom did n o t see it, t h o u g h women a r e usually so much quicker t h a n m e n t o discern t h e s e things. B u t M r s . Griscom w a s engulfed in o t h e r i n t e r e s t s t h a t s u m m n e r , and long familiarity w i t h H o n o r ' s presence blinded h e r to t h e g r e a t c h a n g e s which t i m e had w r o u g h t in t h a t presence in t h e household. A n n a Griscom w a n t e d t o be m a r r i e d to h e r missionary a n d leave h o m e t h a t coming a u t u m n . D i s t r a c t i o n a t t h e t h o u g h t of l e t t i n g h e r leave home so early, pride in h e r f u t u r e career, p r u d e n t f e a r lest A n n a m i g h t lose t h e o p p o r t u n i t y t o follow it if t h e m a r r i a g e were postponed and h e r m i s s o n a r y d e p a r t e d without h e r , filled h e r m o t h e r ' s mind so completely w i t h h e r y o u n g d a u g h t e r t h a t s h e could not see h e r sons w i t h m o r e t h a n o u t w a r d vision. R o b e r t ' s love for Honor, t h o u g h it h a d s t o r m e d h i s e n t i r e being and t a k e n it captive, w a s not manifest to careless eyes. H e whistled a n d s a n g a b o u t t h e house, teased and scolded H o n o r a s h e had always done, while Wally adored h e r w i t h all t h e orthodox s y m p t o m s of melancholy, a r d o u r , fear, and selfassertion. Y e t H o n o r w a s q u i t e as a w a r e of R o b e r t ' s feeling a s of Wally's. Y o u n g a s s h e w a s , s h e understood

19 | t h e manly s e l f - r e s t r a i n t of t h i s I older b r o t h e r which m a d e h i m cons i d e r t h a t y o u t h of h e r s a n d not woo h e r while s h e still lacked a y e a r of h e r g r a d u a t i o n and w a s a n i n m a t e of his f a t h e r ' s house and h i s ward. Wally was r e s t r a i n e d by no such s c r u p l e s ; h e r resolved t o send H o n o r back to finish her' stulies as h i s betrothed, if pleading could b r i n g it about. In t h e b o t t o m of his h e a r t h a n d s o m e Wallingham felt t h a t Honor could not r e f u s e h i m , p a r t l y because h e loved h e r so well t h a t t h e idea w a s intolerable, p a r t l y because—well, because H o n o r m u s t love h i m . Wally m a d e u p his mind to tell H o n o r t h a t he loved h e r on t h e | n i g h t of t h e full A u g u s t moon. H e w a s immensely in e a r n e s t about i t ; it did not occur t o h i m t h a t t h e y were both absurdly young lovers. " ' H e e i t h e r f e a r s his f a t e too much, Or his d e s e r t s are. small, T h a t d a r e s not p u t it t o t h e touch To gain or lose it a l l , Wally told himself complacently. H e did not feel t h a t his d e s e r t s w e r e small, t h a t n i g h t a t d i n n e r A n n a intercepted a look from Wally to Honor t h a t implanted in h e r mind a suspicion t h a t w a s m o r e truly a certainty. 9 99

So when Wally asked H o n o r to g o with h i m down t o w a r d t h e r i v e r t o see t h e moon's r a y s on i t s s u r face, A n n a decided t o w a n d e r in t h e s a m e direction a little l a t e r . H e r y e a r ' s superiority in a g e and h e r lofty e n g a g e m e n t m a d e h e r feel entirely justified in "looking a f t e r Honor," a s she p u t it t o h e r self. A n n a came u p o n h e r b r o t h e r and H o n o r w h e r e s h e had expected t o find t h e m , a t a lovely bend in t h e s t r e a m which h a d been that favourite nook of all t h e children. Evidently Wally had lost no t i m e in t a k i n g his plunge, for, as A n n a c a m e u p and, h a l t e d a little behind t h e m , she h e a r d him s a v i n g : " F u n n y ! Silly! Honor, what w o r d s ! How can t h e r e be a n y t h i n g silly, still less funny in a m a n ' s love for a w o m a n ? " (To

be

continued)

THE REAL HOMES. Homes are not dependent on riches, and t h e i r b e a u t y does not consist in bronzes and bric-a-brac. T h e real home is a place w h e r e c h a r a c t e r is formed and joined for u p w a r d g r o w t h , w h e r e comrades h i p prevails, w h e r e love s w a y s a n d softens, w h e r e m u t u a l endeav o u r and s y m p a t h y m a k e a n y work which calls t h e m f o r t h a godsend, w h e r e peace exalts t h e m i n d and r e s t s t h e body and r e f r e s h e s t h e spirit of m a n and w o m a n of w h a t e v e r condition or class. I t is for t h e building of such h o m e s t h a t women should be t r a i n e d . Men p r a t e too m u c h about t h e lack of bread-raising and floor-sweeping accomplishments in t h e m o d e r n girl. Good b r e a d and clean floors do not m a k e h o u s e s homes. I t is t h e c h a r a c t e r back of t h e cleanliness, or t h e flaky biscuit, or t h e cordial welcome, or w h a t e v e r duties may become t h e portion of his wife, which m a k e s a m a n ' s house h i s castle a n d his sanctuary. T h e s e b r e a d - r a i s i n g and floorsweeping a c c o m p l i s h m e n t s a r e not difficult of a t t a i n m e n t to t h e wom a n of o r d i n a r y ability. T h e deg r e e of h e r success lies largely in h e r willingness.


OFFICIAL

ORGAN

OF

CATHOLIC

ACTION

PUBLISHED WEEKLY. 20 P a g e s .

SINGAPORE

N o . 30.

10 Cents.

S A T U R D A Y , 27th JULY, 1935.

Pastoral Visitation to Sitiawan

P H O T O T A K E N on t h e e v e of t h e D e p a r t u r e of F r . L a d i s l a u s Left t o r i g h t — R e v . F r s . Edmond, F o u r g s , L a d i s l a u s , C o r d e i r o .

CANTEBURY

PILGRIMS

AT OPEN-AIR

BENEDICTION.

G R O U P P H O T O G R A P H t a k e n a f t e r Confirmation

S e r v i c e at S t . F r a n c i s De S a l e s ' C h u r c h — S i t i a w a n .

S E A T E D ( l e f t to r i g h t ) : — R e v . F a t h e r O k o m e n d y ; Mr. A . E . L. S m i t h ; Mrs. M. F . d e S i l v a ; H i s E x c e l l e n c y Dr. A . D e v a l s ; M a d a m e C a r c e n a c ; Rev. F a t h e r C o r d e i r o ; M r s . O ' K e e f e : Mr. CTKeefe; Dr. M. F . de S i l v a .

P u b l i s h e d by R e v . F r . Cardon mud Printed b y L i t h o g r a p h e r * Limited. 37 38, Wallich S t r e e t , S i n g a p o r e .

\

S.S.


JULY 27, 1935, VOL 01, N0 30