In vain will you found missions and buiki schools, if you are not able to wield the offensive and defensive weapon of a loyal Catholic Press.—Pope Pius X.
The power and influence of the Catholic Press are so great that even seemingly insignificant activity in its favour is of great importance. Anything you do for the Catholic Press I will consider done for me personally.—Pope Pius XI.
PUBLISHED 20 Pages.
SINGAPORE, SATURDAY, 8th J U N E , 1935.
Bishop Gallagher Lauds Radio Talks of Fr. Coughlin. P R E L A T E T E L L S RADIO A U D I E N C E ADDRESSES OF NOTED PRIEST-ORATOR H A V E HIS COMPLETE APPROVAL. (By N.C.W.C. News Service). Detroit: A s the ecclesiastical Superior of the Rev. Charles E . Coughlin, noted radio speaker, the Most Rev. Michael J . Gallagher, Bishop of Detroit, recently told listeners on a nation-wide broadcast that the talks of Father Coughlin have his full approval, Father Coughlin, the Bishop as serted, is following the teachings of both the present Pontiff, His Holiness Pope Pius X I , and his predecessor, Pope Leo XIII, in his discourses on social justice. "For myself, I share no part in The complete text of Bishop their fears. Gallagher's address follows: "The * Catholic Church has en"My dear people: In numerous letters which have come to me, dured for nineteen centuries proud many questions are asked regard- of her record in suffering persecuing the position of Father Cough- tion. Did not Christ, i n the Serlin as respects his fellow priests, mon on the Mount, give us the his religious Superiors, the Ameri- Eighth Beatitude? 'Blessed are can Hierarchy, the Holy Father they that suffer persecution for justice's sake: for theirs is the and the Church in general. "I will answer many of these kingdom of heaven. Blessed are questions in the next few minutes. ye when they shall revile you and "First, may I identify *the au- persecute you and speak evil thors of these questions. They against you, untruly, for my sake: are laymen who know little and be glad and rejoice, for your reclaim to know little of the organi- ward is very great in heaven. For so they persecuted the prozation of the Catholic Church. phets that were before you/ Questions From Priests. "I fear no persecution which "Some questions come from priests, who, knowing well the will result from any priest's organization of the Church, seek preaching of social justice. "What I do fear is the seemingly information on the authority which permits one of their brother justifiable persecution that results priests to speak beyond the juris- when the laws of God are flouted; when the great principles that diction of a particular Diocese. "Other questions come from should govern man's relationship friendly Bishops and from the to his fellowman are openly disHierarchy, asking what special carded ; when priests the annointed training Father Coughlin has had of God, fail to speak, while which equips him to speak with they tolerate every wrong in the such a mastery of social and world, without raising their voices living in dire and abject poverty. "I fear not Father Coughlin, to in protest against man's inhumaeconomic technique. quote the words of the Head of nity to his fellowman. Such in"I am frank to say, letters come from others whose attitude is one humanity, here in America, today, the Catholic Church, I fear that 'unless serious attempts be made of fear—fear lest the Catholic makes countless millions mourn. "With God so good as to give to see that, at least in the future, Church be made responsible for the results of these radio broadcasts— the earth and the plenitude there- a just share only of the fruits of results which, they predict, will of to his creatures how can the production be permitted to accucause a veritable torrent of abuse priests keep silent? With wealth mulate in the hands of the wealthy and persecution against the doc- concentrated in the hands of a and that an ample sufficiency suptrines which Father Coughlin little group of selfish men, the plied to the w orkingman, let noteeming masses of the people are body persuade himself the peace teaches. and tranquility of human society can be effectively defended against the forces of revolution.'
Church, then we can proclaim him an imposter, rejected by his Church and not entitled to the dignity its venerable age or its recognized position as a teacher entitles it to.' "Or again the critics say: " Tf we can get his Superiors to own him as their own, then we may frighten timid souls among them with the threat of persecution. We can, in eithe^case, divide his followers.! Position of Father CotfgKrn. "I see in some of the (f&esfions this crafty spirit. But I will "There follow the questions I answer respecting the position of am asked with such frequency Father Coughlin, and the answer now-a-days that I cannot mistake will stand until an authority their meaning. They are based higher than mine reverses my in part on a subtility that approa- judgment. ches the work of Father Coughlin "The first question: W h o is along somewhat the following ecclesiastically responsible for the manner. His critics say: "If we can get his Superiors to addresses of Father Coughlin?' deny he speaks officially for his (Contd: on page 13) T
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2 and flew from one to the other with incredible rapidity, that men T h r o u g h D e e p W a t e r s . paled, and women clung to their men- folk, with terror in their eyes. In vain the officers went among them with soothing words T H E O U R S H O R T STORY. assuring everyone that the fire, •IE S T which had been discovered in one A t that instant, the couple were of the holds, was only a small The huge mail steamer " M a jestic," ploughing her way through accosted by three or four other affair, and was well under control, WATCH the Atlantic Ocean on her voyage dancers, who had been searching that there was not the slightest from London to New York, was for them, and were anxious that occasion for panic. People panic ablaze with lights from, stem to Mrs. Curtis should come in and easily, and the present circumstanstern. A gay dance was in pro- sing, and the retort trembling on ces did not tend to allay the fears gress this evening, and the saloon her lips did not find utterance. of the "Majestic's" passengers, It's n o t only had been converted into a verit- Rita's lovely face wasflushedand many of whom knew that the wind a m a t t e r of taste able fairyland for the occasion, distressed as she sat down at the To be a perfect timepiece, a watch with shaded beautifylly coloured piano to comply with the captain's might easily fan 'the conflagration has to be beautiful and accurate. lights, twinkling amid the floral request. She was a little puzzled beyond control. Rita and Anthony Curtis stood Now, everyone can say whether a decorations, and. the gorgeous herself at the storm of anger watch is to one's liking or not, but frocking of the women adding to which had swept through her when together, a little apart from the other passengers, some of whom it is difficult to estimate the the brightness of the scene. her husband had spoken so slight- were talking in excited and quality. Only experts can judge The decks, too, were brilliantly ingly of the old priest. hysterical tones, while parents the finish and precision of a lighted, and numerous couples " I suppose it's coming into con- tried to quieten frightened and mechanism as delicate as that of were enjoying the cool breezes tact with F r . Michael each day, crying children. The woman's a watch. there, in preference to the smoke- and it was ten years since she had face showed white, even in the There remains for those who love filled atmosphere of the saloon. spoken to a priest—ten years since shadow, but she seemed calm accuracy a means of eliminating To and fro upon the deck, on the handsome, wealthy Anthony Curt- enough outwardly, although the disappointment-choose a VULCAIN side furthest from the ballroom, is had come into her life, and convulsive grip of her hand on her watch, acknowledged the best by where the wind blew sharply, and changed its current so utterly. hasband's arm showed that the thousands of people all over the where few people were to be seen, Despite the frenzied appeals of calm was merely outward. Half world. there strode an old man. He wore an hour crept slowly by; the storm With a VULCAIN yon have the a huge overcoat, with the collar her parents, and the warning voice still beat with fury upon the satisfaction of knowing that you well turned up about his throat, of her own conscience, she had Majestic," whose speed had been possess a timepiece of unequalled his head was bare, and he seemed married him against the laws of reduced. People still stood about Church, and for ten years had the accuracy and refined beauty. entirly absorbed in the book he forgotten her God, and ignored the in terrified groups, but the first was reading. wild panic had subsided, and when The faint strains of lilting Church she had once been proud hot coffee was served to all by as she heard the words. Why had music, the laughter and talk of the to serve. order of the Captain, just to she not thought of it before. Rishappy dancers, when they came On several occasions she and keep their spirits up," he said, the within earshot, disturbed him not Father Michael had chatted pleas- passengers' behaviour was almost ing to her feet, she groped her way along the side of the vessel, at all. It is doubtful i f he even antly on various topics when they normal once more. tow ards the stairs, scarcely able heard them, for Father Michael met on the spacious decks, where It was only when the order was to keep her feet, with the rolling Vaughan was reading his office, the priest spent most of his time. and on those occasions-—so his He did not dream that she was a quietly given that all men were to of the ship beneath her. Anthony friends said*—nothing less than an Catholic; how could he? Each proceed to the top deck, and ob- was forgotten, the storm and the earthquake would disturb him, morning he celebrated Mass, which tain lifebelts from the officer there fire was forgotten; nothing matA t the other end of the deck, a was attended by most of the thirty for themselves and their women- tered, save that Fr. Michael was man and woman were strolling, odd Catholics on board. Each folk, that the full seriousness of in the saloon, and she must reach arm in arm; they seemed quite night he gathered the little flock the position burst upon the passen- him. When she arrived at the door of absorbed in each other, and now for the Rosary, the month was gers. It was then that Rita Curtis' nerve gave away; wild panic took the music room, a curious sight and then a gay laugh came from May, and spoke a few gentle words the woman, whose face i n theto them of the Queen of Heaven. possession of her, and she clung met her gaze; every Catholic on moonlight showed very fair and On one occasion Mrs. Curtis, pass- frantically to her husband, sob- board was there, kneeling or sitiovely. After a little, they became ing through the corridor, had bing in heart-broken fashion, and ting, and all eyes were fixed on they aware of the Priest passing to and heard the once familiar words, refusing to be left alone for a old Priest who stood on the nfusic Long shudders platform, one hand lightly laid fro, and the man laughed slightly. "pray for us sinners." She had single instant. went through her, as she looted upon _a_ Crucifix. There was an " What on earth is our reverend hurried on. at the inky darkness, and the swir- utter absence here of the wild friend doing? He seems to find ureat disappointment prevailed ling waters, and realized that in that book pretty interesting, among the "majestic/s" passen- all probability, before the daylight panic, which prevailed on deck. though the cover looks sombre gers when news went round mat came, she would be at the mercy These people might have been sitting quietly in a Church, in their enough." tne grand iancy dress ban, due to of that ocean, facing a dreadful own home town. The old Priest Tne woman hesitated before she be neid on tne last nignx out one death. was speaking. answered, Oh, he's saying his on board, must be postponed, owHe husband was almost distract" It is useless to hide from you, Oince, i suppose; ah Priests are ing to the particularly rough ed; every endeavour at his com- my people, that we are facing oouged to ao that each day, you weather they had encountered. mand he used to calm and soothe grave danger to-night, that, before know/' Strong winds and rising seas, with the terror-stricken woman. He morning some of us may have to * What a lot of rubbish." every prospect of becoming worse, was amazed that she should thus stand face to face with God. Well, A wave of colour ran into the put the whole thing out of the lose her nerve; she, who was what of that? You have all been woman's face, and she wit^flrew question, and, after a feeble at- usually so calm and steady. to Confession you are ready to her arm rather abruptly from the tempt at an impromptu concert by Never had he seen her like this be- meet your Maker, i f so He wills. man's. "Don't talk like that, some of the musical enthusiasts, fore ; but never before had he seen There must be no panic among you. Tony," she said sharply; "please most of the passengers sought her face to face with death, and Catholics know how to die, know remember I'm a Catholic, and don't their cabins, and prepared to with the awful words echoing in how to face death calmly and with like to hear it." sleep away the stormy hours, her heart and after death the heads erect. Go now, my children, trusting by morning to have out- Judgment." and obey all orders without ques" Wouldn't it be more correct to After a little, she became calmer, tion, and presently I will come to use the past tense? " he said jok- run the gale, and be in sunshine ingly. " I should say was a again. When, shortly after mid- and consented to Antony's leaving you on deck." The people commenced to file out Catholic' fitted your case better. night, discreet stewards tapped at her to procure lifebelts for them I don't know much about the Ca- caoin doors, and instructed all both. He would be back in ten of the saloon, the Priest half turntholic Church, and don't want to, passengers to don warm clothing minutes, at most, he assured her, ed, and, as he did so, caught sight but I don't imagine she's too keen and come on deck, more surprise and instructed her not to move of Rita Curtis, her face ashen, her on her adherents, who marry in than alarm was apparent among from the sheltered corner, where hands twisting with fear. She another church, is she?" A feel the sleepy people, who presently he had found her a seat. But, stumbled forward. Father, please ing of remorse shook Rita Curtis' stumbled to the decks, some dis- when she was alone, terror again —I want to go to Confession." soul, but she crushed it instantly. tinctly annoyed that their rest had caught Rita in its grip. She The Priest looked the surprise he " Perhaps not," she conceded, " but been disturbed in this summary grasped at the rail of the ship, felt. " W h y , my child," he said trying to fight down the horror are you a Catholic? " whatever I am now, I was reared fashion. which was threatening to engulf Father. I was once," her voice a Catholic, and nothing makes me "What on earth was the mat her. Would Anthony never come was a half strangled whisper. angry more quickly than to hear now I'm not worth the name. It you speak disparagingly of that ter?" Certainly the storm had back? She felt she would go mad increased to a gale, the wind if he left her much longer alone. is ten years since I have been to old priest, or any other." shrieking about them, and mounAh, someone was coming now: Confession. Tell me, is it too late "Sorry, dear," said Anthony tainous seas running, but surely an officer moving from grout) to for forgiveness ? " Curtis, cheerfully. " I didn't that was no reason for dragging group, speaking ouietly. What Despair showed in her face, rang mean asy disrespect to Fr. Michael people out of bed at this unearthly was he saying? Now she caught in her voice. She seemed on the personally; I'm quite sure he's a hour. The good ship Majestic " the words. Any more Catholics verge of collapse. Gently, quietly. very estimable old jman, but all was capable of standing a hundred here? Father Vaughan js in the Father Michael answered her. ministers are the same to me. I such storms without flinching. music saloon and wishes all Calm yourself, child. Kneel It was only when the soul-shak- Catholics to go to him there." think that, like the rest of us, it's here " he indicated a desk, " and a case of self first, last, and most ing word Fire " was whispered Father Vaughan—a wave of reby some one, no one knew whom. lief, unutterable, swept over Rita of the time in between." (Contd: on page 7)
M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 8th J U N E ,
O n ^ i n g s from . A l b i o n (FROM OUR SPECIAL
T H E CANONIZATION. as a background, and the fabric of Most of the pilgrims have re- St. John Fisher's Cathedral stirturned from Rome, in some cases ring memories of the past, the scene welcomed enthusiastically at the should be both picturesque and— stations, as returning travellers in a true sense of the word—inspimight be welcomed after a great ring. The Mass will be only part adventure. And in truth it was of the day's celebration; for in the a great adventure from which they afternoon thousands of Catholics had come back to the homeland. are to from in procession in ChaThey had assisted, in the Eternal tham and march to the castle City, in the spectacle of a canoniza- grounds for solemn Benediction. tion of men of their own race, the The Established Church, also, is first function of its kind for five going to celebrate St. John Fisher's hundred years. They have re- memory of Rochester, as a Comturned with unforgettable pictures memoration of his fourth centenin their minds: the wonderful^ ary ; but the Anglican service will scene at the ceremony itself; the be on a different day. glorious spectacle presentd at Catholics and Anglicans also, night, when many hundreds of separately of course and in very electric lights outlined the great different ways, are to honour church and the approaches on Cardinal Fisher in his native either side; and over and above all town, Beverley. Beyond the this, the special memories of the Town Gates of that ancient audience granted to them by the centre is a spreading tract of land Sovereign Pontiff, and the fatherly upon which the future martyr and words which- felr from- his Hps. Saint often played as a boy. There, Descriptions of the canonization as at Rochester, Catholics will ceremony for St. John Fisher and build an altar in his honour and St. Thomas More will have appear- hold a great religious celebration. ed by now in all chief newspapers Beverley is in the East Riding of of the English-Speaking world. It Yorkshire. The pilgrimage will would add nothing to the interest not be confined, however, to that of those accounts to summarize the part of the shire; from far and ceremonial here or to dilate upon near the faithful will assemble, and the great number of distinguished in due course we may hope to hear N E W V A C U M A T I C P E N ? personages who assisted at the that the East Riding has seen one function. But it may be noted of the most notable Catholic dethat the Holy Father gave an monstrations in its history. * • • * * added gratification to the pilgrims on sale at a l l pen counters from England by using, at his SIR S T E P H E N K I L L I K , K.C.S.G. Mass, vessels which formed a link throughout; malaya. Another distinction has cgme to with that country. His Holiness London's Catholic Lord Mayor, Sir employed the magnificent golden Stephen Killik. The Pope has conewer and basin which Queen ferred upon him the title Knight Victoria presented to Pope Leo Commander of St. Gregory the XIII on the occasion of that Great, with star. It may be rePontiff's golden Jubilee in 1887. called that a number of London's Estimates vary as to the number distinguished Catholic municipal Sole Distributors of pilgrims in the Eternal City for workers ,have been awarded the the canonizations. Computation is K.&S.G. That honour was given, WEILL & MONTOR, LTD. difficult; because many persons a few years ago, to three men who travelled independently of thein the same municipal year filled T H E A R C A D E , SINGAPORE. organized parties. But the offici- the respective offices of Lord P h o n e 6 0 4 6 . ally organized pilgrimages took Mayor and Sheriffs; one of the between two and three thousand trio, Sir Harold Downer, K.C.S.G., persons from England and Wales died only last week. alone. Scotland and Ireland, also, Sir Stephen Killik served as were represented. Sheriff twelve years ago, and on * * * * * his retirement from that office was hovering between life and death, were with the pilgrims in past TWO OUTDOOR FUNCTIONS. honoured with knighthood. His and as he is seventy-two the years are this time missed, one of Now that it is permissible to presence, recently, in St. Paul's gravest fears are entertained. them, Dr. Vaughan of Menevia, prefix Saint" to the names of Cathedral, during Protestant ser- Please God there will be better by death; the other, the Bishop of the two great Martyrs, religious vice, supplied one of the few occa- news to chronicle in a later des- Leeds, is recuperating after his functions in their honour are being sions when a Catholic official has patch; but the note at present is recent serious illness, but is not strong enough to undertake the announced in many places. A l - been at such a service with the of deep anxiety. long and fatiguing journey to the ready readers of the Leader know Church's sanction. Sir Stephen Pyrenees. The Archbishop of of what is in contemplation, in was lawfully in the Cathedral in TO LOURDES. Cardiff, the Most Rev. Dr. Mostyn, London, in honour of St. Thomas his capacity of one in attendance More: a march of Catholics from on the person of His Majesty the May is a month which witnesses, is the episcopal leader of this, the Lincoln's Inn Fields to the place of King. This explanation is need- every year, a remarkable scene of Society's fourteenth national pilmartyrdom on Tower H i l l ; and ful for those who might otherwise piety and faith at Victoria Station. grimage. Before leaving the pilthere is also the pilgrimage, by be puzzl'ed. If the King had not The occasion is the departure of grims assemble at Westminster river, from Chelsea. But mention been there, the Lord Mayor would the National Pilgrimage under the Cathedral for jMass and a short must be made now of two impend- not have been present. auspices of the Society of Our address. ing functions, interesting and on Lady of Lourdes. The platform a large scale, which are being F E A R S FOR F A T H E R H U L L . at the station, from an 'early hour, organized in honour of St. John The Far East knows, both of his is animated by the entraining of Fisher. Both are events belonging name and by his writings, Father the sick cases, many of them on to June. Ernest Hull, S.J., who for many stretchers. Then, shortly before M O O I C H I N On the anniversary of Cardinal years lived in India, at Bombay, and the time for the departure of the Fisher's martyrdom, June 22, the edited the Bombay Catholic Ex- trains, the voices of the pilgrims R E S T A U R A N T grounds of Rochester Castle, in aminer. In his old age he return- ring out in a hymn of praise to the Saint's own famous Cathedral ed to England, and latterly he has Our Lady, and all who can do so city on the Medway, will witness laboured, in succession to the late kneel to receive the blessing of one For European and Chinese what is likely to be one of the Father Edmund Lester, S.J., as of the Archbishops or Bishops acFoods, Day and Night, under longest and most impressive out- editor of Stella Maris. These companying the pilgrimage. This experienced Management, endoor gatheri ngs ever seen in those lines are being penned and des- year the Society has taken rather suring excellent cuisine, parts in a religious cause. An patched to Singapore at a moment fewer than a thousand pilgrims to prompt service and moderate altar is to be erected in the grounds of grievous apprehension. Father Lourdes, partly because so many charges, opened (recently at where Holy Mass will be celebrated Hull is lying dangerously ill in a Catholics have only just made the No. 420, North Bridge Road, the presence, it is hoped, of London hospital, attacked by pilgrimage to the Eternal City; (Corner of Purvis Street) thousands of pilgrims. With the double pneumonia. He has receiv- but the proportion of sick cases is Singapore. towering walls of the ancient keep ed the last Sacraments and is a large one. Two Bishops who
P a r k e r ' s
Y o u n g People's
Jean Baptiste Vianney A b o u t a h u n d r e d a n d fifty y e a r s ago there was b o r n into this w o r l d a little b o y w h o afterwards bec a m e a h o l y p r i e s t , a n d is now famous as the B l e s s e d J e a n B a p tiste V i a n n e y , the C u r e of A r s . A r s is a t i n y v i l l a g e i n t h e s o u t h o f F r a n c e , a n d C u r e is t h e F r e n c h for "parish priest." T h e little b o y w a s not b o r n i n A r s , b u t at a n o His ther village called Dardilly. father lived in a farm-house right i n the m i d s t of the most beautiful country. O n o n e side o f t h e f a r m w e r e s h a d y w o o d s a n d deep v a l leys, and stretching f a r away i n f r o n t of it were pleasant green and orchards. Jean B a p fields tiste's f a t h e r a n d m o t h e r ware not r i c h , but t h e y w e r e b o t h v e r y g o o d Catholics, who loved A l m i g h t y G o d and Our Blessed L a d y with their whole hearts, a n d who took great p l e a s u r e i n b e i n g k i n d to t h e p o o r a n d those i n trouble, f o r the sake of O u r L o r d , W h o said: "Whatsoe v e r y o u d o t o t h e least o f t h e s e M y little o n e s f o r M y sake, y o u d o it to M e . " Before J e a n w a s b o r n his m o t h e r h a d said t h a t i f A l m i g h t y G o d should send h e r a n o t h e r little b o y ( f o r she h a d a l r e a d y h a d one s o n ) she would b r i n g h i m up i n a special w a y for the service of God. Soon a f t e r t h i s G o d s e n t foer a l i t t l e b a b y boy o u r J e a n Baptiste. The same day he was born the child w a s b a p t i z e d , so t h a t f r o m t h e v e r y first m o m e n t h e m i g h t b e l o n g to G o d , o u r d e a r H e a v e n l y F a t h e r . L o n g before h e could walk, h i s m o t h e r t a u g h t h i m to j o i n h i s t i n y h a n d s i n p r a y e r , a n d to l i s p t h e sweet names o f Jesus and M a r y . E a c h m o r n i n g t h i s good mother u s e d to a w a k e h e r c h i l d r e n h e r s e l f to make sure that their first thoughts a n d actions should be offered t o G o d . S h e t a u g h t t h e m to make a b i g S i g n of the C r o s s and say: " M y G o d , I offer T h e e
A l l t h a t I t h i n k , o r do, o r s a y . " D u r i n g h i s whole life, a n d h e l i v e d to b e q u i t e a n o l d m a n , J e a n n e v e r once f o r g o t t o do t h i s . * B y the time he was three years old there was n o t h i n g he loved better t h a n to be s a y i n g h i s p r a y e r s ; H e w o u l d kneel d o w n i n a n y quiet c o r n e r h e c o u l d find, a n d , t a k i n g o u t his rosary, contentedly say his T l a i l Marys." O n e of his first troubles was over rhis rosary. H i s Ifttle s i s t e r t o o k a f a n c y to it, a n d her. w a n t e d J e a n t o g i v e it t o N a t u r a l l y h e w i h e d to keep i t f o r h i m s e l f , a s h e u s e d i t so o f t e n , y e t h e d i d n o t l i k e t o be selfish. In t h e end h e a s k e d h i s m o t h e r w h a t be should do. " G i v e i t t o y o u r little sister," a n s w e r e d , " f o r t h e love o f G o d . " J e a n B a p t i s t e shed a few tears over p a r t i n g w i t h his treasure but d i d as h i s m o t h e r h a d s a i d . This a c t g a v e h i m a n e w i d e a : he l e a r n t t h a t he c o u l d s h o w h i s love f o r O u r L o r d and H i s Blessed M o t h e r not o n l y by s a y i n g h i s p r a y e r s , b u t a l s o b y g i v i n g u p to others things t h a t he liked. Often, while he was still a little b o y , J e a n ' s m o t h e r u s e d to t a k e h i m with her to church. During H o l y M a s s h e s a i d h i s p r a y e r s so w e l l a n d k e p t so s t i l l t h a t h e r f r i e n d s w o u l d n o t i c e it, a n d s a y : " Y o u m u s t m a k e a priest of t h a t little one," a n d h i s m o t h e r w o u l d s m i l e a n d p r a y t h a t i t m i g h t be so.
B u t , a l a s ! w h e n J e a n w a s seven, years old there was a Revolution i n F r a n c e , t h a t is a n u m b e r o f wicked m e n got ali the power into t h e i r h a n d s a n d w a n t e d t o do a w a y w i t h all order a n d religion. S o o n t h e c h u r c h e s w e r e closed a n d priests were h u n t e d f r o m place to place, a n d p u t to d e a t h w h e n Only very ever they were found. seldom could J e a n hear M a s s d u r i n g that dreadful time, a n d then it was i n secret, i n a b a r n or h a y loft, w i t h someone w a t c h i n g outs i d e t o see t h a t n o one c a m e t o take the poor priest prisoner. But t h o u g h h e c o u l d n o t g o to H o l y M a s s a s h e u s e d to, J e a n c o u l d still say his p r a y e r s . H i s mother h a d g i v e n h i m a little wooden statue of O u r L a d y , a n d the boy carr i e d i t w i t h h i m w herever h e w e n t . W h e n h e w a s e i g h t he w a s g i v e n t h e . c a r e , o f h i s f a t h e r ' s sheep a n d cows. H e h a d to take t h e m into t h e f a r m e a d o w s to feed on t h e sweet g r a s s there. H i s little c o m panions w o u l d often go w i t h h i m , and when they reached the fields J e a n would put his dear statue on a hillock, or i n the hollow of a tree, and t h e n he w i t h his c o m panions would kneel in front of it and say their prayers. A f t e r this J e a n used to tell his companions all about O u r L a d y and h e r D i v i n e Son. W h e n t h e o t h e r s w ere t i r e d they would r u n away a n d play, but he stayed o n to say his r o s a r y , o r m o v e d his little statue to a quieter spot. S o m e t i m e s h e u s e d to s p e n d whole h o u r s i n this w a y . T
A t last, w h e n J e a n was eleven years old, some Sisters came to a village near b y to teach the children their religion, and Jean was s e n t to l i v e w i t h h i s g r a n d f a t h e r t h a t h e m i g h t be p r e p a r e d f o r t h e Sacraments. H e made his F i r s t C o n f e s s i o n a n d t h e n b e g a n to p r e pare for his F i r s t H o l y C o m m u nion. H e could not spend long hours p r a y i n g now, f o r he was getting a b i g boy, a n d he h a d to do a g r e a t d e a l o f h a r d w o r k o n the f a r m ; but whenever he h a d a few spare m o m e n t s he always spent them in prayer. Jean Baptiste k n e w t h a t A l m i g h t y God w a s j u s t a s p l e a s e d w ith w o r k w h e n i t i s d o n e f o r H i s g l o r y , so h e t r i e d t o d o m o r e a n d m o r e w o r k t o please Him. H e used to take his statue of O u r L a d y w i t h h i m into the fields w h i c h h e h a d t o d i g u p , p l a c e i t a t a littfe d i s t a n c e f r o m h i m , a n d t h e n see h o w q u i c k l y he c o u l d d i g h i s w a y to i t . T h e n t a k i n g it u p once m o r e p l a c e i t f a r t h e r o n , and begin again.
t h e w i n d o w a n d d o o r so t h a t n o e n e m y m i g h t see w h a t w a s g o i n g o n inside. L a t e that night a n alt a r was got r e a d y a n d e v e r y t h i n g arranged for M a s s . Very, very e a r l y i n t h e m o r n i n g , w h e n 'everyt h i n g w a s yet q u i t e d a r k , J e a n a n d his family, w i t h j u s t a few friends, got up q u i e t l y a n d w e n t i n t o t h e barn, which was lighted by one or two candles. A l l through the Mass Jean B a p t i s t e knelt w i t h o u t m o v i n g , n e v e r o n c e t a k i n g h i s e y e s off t h e a l t a r a n d the p r i e s t , u n t i l t h e g r e a t m o m e n t w h e n he a n d his little c o m panions received O u r D e a r Lord f o r the first t i m e . R e t u r n i n g to h i s place, h i s h e a r t overflowing w i t h love, J e a n B a p t i s t e offered whole life a n d w o r k f o r the serv i c e of O u r D e a r L o r d , a n d J e s u s accepted his o f f e r i n g a n d chose h i m t o b e a prrest a n d to do a g r e a t deal f o r H i s C h u r c h .
" E v e r y
c h i l d
n e e d s
m i l k
" M I L K M A I D M I L K
Soon after t h i s the churches i n France were opened again—the Revolution was over. Each morni n g M a s s was s a i d , but now J e a n Baptiste had to work f r o m early m o r n i n g , a n d o f t e n c o u l d n o t go to M a s s , f o r h e w a s p a i d f o r h i s l a b o u r a n d t h e w o r k h a d t o be done. So w h a t d i d he do? He s a v e d up a l l h i s m o n e y a n d a l l h i s little treasures, a n d w i t h t h e m he paid anyone w h o would w o r k f o r h i m d u r i n g t h e t i m e h e w e n t to M a s s and H o l y C o m m u n i o n . Y e a r s after, w hen he was a n old a n d holy priest, he would say t h a t the happiest d a y s o f h i s life were t h o s e he s p e n t j u s t b e f o r e and a f t e r his F i r s t H o l y C o m m u n i o n . r
LIGHTER VEIN. A g n e s w a s o n one o f h e r first v i s i t s to the c o u n t r y a n d was v e r y attentive while her cousin explained, " T h i s p l a n t b e l o n g s to t h e beg o n i a f a m i l y . " "I see" s a i d A l i c e , " h o w v e r y k i n d o f y o u t o look a f t e r it while they a r e a w a y . "
C T e a c h e r : " H e r e are two stuffed b i r d s — a crow a n d a black-bird. N o w , T o m m y , c a n y o u tell me w h i c h is t h e c r o w ? " T o m m y looked at t h e m f o r a little while, t h e n w i t h a twinkle i n h i s eye s a i d : " T h e one that's " M a r y , " said* s h e t o o n e o f t h e m .
f r w u .
N o t o n l y d i d J e a n offer up h i s work i n preparation for his F i r s t Holy C o m m u n i o n , but he gave a w a y to God's poor (and there were m a n y i n those days of revohis lution) his food, a n d even c l o t h e s , g l a d t o g o h u n g r y Or c o l d h i m s e l f to show his love f o r G o d . N o w came the last h a p p y days before his F i r s t H o l y C o m m u n i o n . A p r i e s t w a s h i d d e n i n one o f t h e farm-houses, a n d each night the village boys w o u l d slip quietly i n , a n d s e a t e d o n t h e floor at the priest's feet, would listen while he taught t h e m all about this wonderful Sacrament. Then, when at last they were all instructed a n d p r e p a r e d , a b a r n was chosen i n w h i c h the prfest could say M a s s . J e a n Baptiste and his y o u n g companions helped to load the wagons o f h a y w h i c h were placed outside
D u r i n g a r e a d i n g lesson on w i l d animals, a teacher asked his class w h a t was a Z e b r a . A bright boy c a l l e d out, " a d o n k e y w i t h h i s f o o t ball jersey on h i m , S i r . "
A f t e r the holidays a nun was looking over each child's book. " M a r y , " said she to one of t h e m , "where's y o u r a p p e n d i x ? " Oh, S i s t e r , "didn't y o u k n o w ? I left it i n the hospital during the holidays."
" L i f e is a l w a y s changing, my dear lady," r e m a r k e d the grocer as he r e m o v e d a piece of s u g a r from the sack t h a t he weighed. " F o r instance," he said," only a few years ago, I was a pugilist." "Yes." replied the customer, "a weight champion, I prelight sume."
S a i d the t e a c h e r : "Billv, your e s s a y on ' T h e C a t ' is e x a c t l y t h e s a m e as y o u r b r o t h e r ' s . H o w did that happen?" "It's t h e s a m e c a t . Sir."
L E E
B I / C U I T /
Children like pictures. Children observe. C h i l d r e n are, unfortun a t e l y , o n l y too a p t to tell w h a t they observe. A l i t t l e n o n - C a t h o l i c c h i l d was paying a visit to some Catholic n e i g h b o u r s one d a y , i n t h e course o f w h i c h she w a n d e r e d around at will for a while. T h e y noticed that she w a s a d m i r i n g the p i c t u r e s on t h e w a l l s a n d r a t h e r e n j o y e d h e r s i l e n t p e r e g r i n a t i o n . In d u e t i m e s h e r e t u r n e d to the s t a r t i n g point. F i n g e r m m o u t h , ^he t u r n e d to h e r h o s t e s s and sa?d: " Y o u m u s t l i k e G o d a n a w f u l lot i n this house." " W h y dearie." a s k e d the lady of the house, l a u g h i n g . " ' C a u s e y o u ' v e g o t H i m all o v e r on y o u r walls." H o w about y o u r w a l l s ? — C . F r e e man's Journal.
T h e
L i t e r a r y
R e l i g i o u s
R e v i v a l
F r a n c e .
By Mrs. William O'Brien.
that brought the D a u g h t e r s o f St. P a u l to t h e A n t i l l e s , G u a d a l o u p e , Martinique, China, Japan, the Philippines. T h e y w e r e r e a d y to h e l p a l l sufferers, t h e y w e r e d e v o t ed n u r s e s o f t h e I n d i a n l e p e r s a n d of the F r e n c h wounded soldiers of T o n k i n g , whose pet n a m e f o r t h e nuns was " St. Paul's larks." M a d a m e Collette.
It is a r e m a r k a b l e a n d c o m f o r t i n g t h o u g h t to r e a l i s e t h a t the F r e n c h r e l i g i o u s l i t e r a r y r e v i v a l is a growing a n d powerful movement. T h e most successful novelists of the present hour are Catholic writers like Lavedan, Mauriae, Henry B o r d e a u x — a l l members of the F r e n c h A c a d e m y s ^ T h e y h a v e written d e l i g h t f u l recollections of their early d a y s w h i c h give a s t r i k ing account of life i n C a t h o l i c homes in different p a r t s of F r a n c e .
g i v e a n h o u r to t h e t r a n s l a t i o n o f the Imitation. T h e book o n l y a p peared after his death. Goyau, the Catholic philosopher, w r o t e a p r e f a c e i n w h i c h he d e s c r i b e d h o w B e a u n i e r h a d r e t u r n e d to t h e f a i t h . Q u i e t l y , i n silence, t h e t r a n s f o r m a t i o n t o o k place. A Living Historian. Goyau is a m o n g the leading philosophers and historians of our time. It is p l e a s a n t to t h i n k t h a t he, too, is a m e m b e r o f t h e F r e n c h A c a d e m y and a professor of the Catholic Institute of P a r i s . His biographies of Cardinal M e r c i e r . C a r d i n a l L a v i g e r i e , the Apostle of M a d a g a s c a r , of a great woman apostle of the blacks, M e r e J a v o u h e y , h a v e been w i d e l y r e a d .
The activity of H e n r y Bordeaux is full of v a r i e t y . H e is a n o v e l i s t whose b o o k s c a n be e n j o y e d b y young and old. E v e r y o n e is t h e better f o r s e e i n g l i f e i n t h o s e w i t t y and vivid pages. He has also written biographies of brave men like t h e y o u n g a i r m a n — w h o d i e d so y o u n g — G u y n e m e r , G e n e r a l S e r r e l , t h e h e r o e s o f F o r t de V a u x . H e is t h e a u t h o r o f a b o o k o n t h a t m o s t a t t r a c t i v e S a i n t — F r a n c o i s de Sales. Bordeaux's essays and travels H i s last a r e no less w i d e l y r e a d . v o l u m e has the modest title E p i s o d e s de Vie Litteraire (Flon, Paris). H e recalls the m a n y litera r y men a n d w o m e n he has k n o w n in nis long life. A m o n g them C a tholic writers take a foremost place. T h e c h a p t e r o n L e Goffie, t h e c h a r m i n g B r e t o n author, will appeal to I r i s h r e a d e r s , B r e t a g n e a n d Ireland h a v e so m u c h i n c o m m o n . T h e i r l a n d s c a p e s a r e t h e s a m e , so a r e t h e i r t r e e s a n d flowers and rocks and streams. But even more than nature, Irish men and w o m e n a r e a k i n to B r e t o n m e n a n d same women. They share the deep religious feelings, t h e i r legends have the same intensity in describing joy and sorrow. Their poetry has the same sad and joyous refrains. Life beyond the g r a v e is v e r y r e a l i n B r e t a g n e a n d Ireland. W h a t L e Goffie writes o f his dear B r e t o n s applies often to o u r people a t h o m e . Bazin, the well-known Catholic novelist, A b b e B r e m o n d , B e a u n i e r , pass b e f o r e t h e r e a d e r ' s eyes. T h e l a s t was a s u c c e s s f u l h i s t o r i a n , t h e a u t h o r of a t t r a c t i v e essays. T h o s e who enjoyed his varied writings only knew after his death that in h i s b u s i e s t d a y s he n e v e r f a i l e d to
H i s last work published b y E d i tions Spes, Paris, L ' E g l i s e • en M a r c h e , is a g r e a t m i s s i o n a r y r e cord. T h e four volumes are full of v a r i e t y and interest. In the second volume, the chapter on St. C o l u m b a n u s will appeal specially to I r i s h r e a d e r s , t h e c h a p t e r o n L i s i e u x will delight the lovers of the little Saint all over the world. W h e r e so m u c h is g o o d , i t is h a r d to c h o o s e . In the f o u r t h volume, the story of P e r e Gratien, the s p i r i t u a l son of the great S p a n i s h w o m a n , St. T e r e s a , fastens the attention. Through many tribulat i o n s h e r e m a i n e d f a i t h f u l to t h e ideal of his great teacher. Genesis of an Order. B u t perhaps the most interesti n g c h a p t e r o f a l l is d e v o t e d to t h e O r d e r o f S t . P a u l de C h a r t r e s . T h i s O r d e r o f m i s s i o n a r y n u n s is n o t as w e l l k n o w n a s i t d e s e r v e s to be. It r e a d s l i k e a r o m a n c e . A p o o r c o u n t r y p r i e s t , 70 y e a r s after S t . V i n c e n t de P a u l had founded his O r d e r of Sisters of C h a r i t y , asked f o u r y o u n g g i r l s to d e v o t e t h e m s e l v e s to t h e c a r e o f t h e s i c k a n d to t h e i n s t r u c t i o n o f children who were painfully neglected. T h e y w e r e so successful that t h e Bishop of Chartres, a n x i o u s to b r i n g n u n s to h i s t o w n , s e n t for the hard-working Sisters. He gave t h e m the name of D a u g h t e r s of St. P a u l . The French Governm e n t asked for some of these nuns to look a f t e r a h o s p i t a l i n C a y e n n e , in the F r e n c h South American colony of Guiana. T h a t was the beginning of a missionary career
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Madame Collette Yver, well k n o w n as a successful novelist, has p u b l i s h e d a v e r y s t r i k i n g book, L ' E g l i s e et la F e m r o e ( E d i t i o n s Spes). S h e s t a r t s b y r e p l y i n g to the old accusation that the C h u r c h despises w o m a n a n d t h a t t h e r e a r e ecclesiastics who have doubts whether "women have souls." T h i s is a n old y a r n o f w h i c h G o y a u showed the folly, a n d w h i c h h a d for justification the silly speech of an anti-feminist B i s h o p at the Council of M a c o n in the sixth century.
Holy Innocents English School. The 12th Annual Athletic Sports of Holy Innocents English School was held on the schoolground on Tuesday, 28th instant a t 3 p.m. A larger-gathering of parents and friends of the school were present. Among->xhe distinguished guests were Mr. & Mrs. J . A . Hunter, M r . H . R. Cheeseman, Rev. Fathers E . Becheras, S. Lee, R. Dubois, Cardon, Sy and Pages and Dr. and Mrs. Sinnadorai. The weather was cloudy in the morns).iods aq^ p u « Jd}B[ dn pajnap ; i }nq Sui meet was successful. At the conclusion the Headmaster, Mr. P. A . D'Costa called upon Mrs. J . A . Hunter to give away the prizes.
The results were:— 1. 100 yards A . — 1st Phua Boon Leng, 2nd Chua Boo Lat, 3rd Lee Joseph. 2. 100 yards B . — 1st N g Sui K i m , 2nd Leong Tong Chye, 3rd Lew Cheng Kue. In eloquent p a g e s M a d a m e Y v e r 3. 75 yards C . — p o i n t s out h o w a l l t h r o u g h O u r 1st Donald Kessler, 2nd Chan Ee Saviour's active life H e took as Tuck, 3rd Lee Teng Bop. m u c h p a i n s to t e a c h a p o o r i g n o r 4. 75 yards D . — a n t w o m a n as t h e m o s t l e a r n e d 1st Kueh Meng Siew, 2nd Tan Mong d o c t o r s o f t h e law . She has a Seng, 3rd Lee Leng Chay. c u r i o u s s t o r y to t e l l o f t h e o p p o s i 5. 50 yards Primaries.— 1st L i m Sui K i a , 2nd A n g Yong t i o n a m o n g the f a i t h f u l to a c c e p t Mui, 3rd Seng Liang Boon. a n c e o f s o m e of C h r i s t ' s t e a c h i n g s . 6. 220 yards A . — T h e beautiful scene between O u r 1st Phua Boon Leng, 2nd Koh Guan Saviour, the Pharisees and the Joo, 3rd Lew Joseph. g u i l t y w o m a n d i d not please s o m e 7. 220 yards B . — of the followers of C h r i s t . S e v e r a l 1st Leong Tong Chye, 2nd N g Sui K i m , 3rd Tan L i n Chiew. copies o f S t . J o h n ' s G o s p e l a r e 8. 220 yards C — f o u n d w i t h t h e scene o m i t t e d . St. 1st Donald Kessler, 2nd Lee Teng A u g u s t i n e a l l u d e d to t h i s w h e n h e Boo, 3rd Chan Ee Tuck. wrote: 9. 600 yards Inter-House Relay.— " T h e r e are m e n of little f a i t h Duvelle House. who, fearing that impunity 10. Obstacles Primaries.— s h o u l d be or e v e n e n e m i e s o f t h e 1st A n g Yong Mui, 2nd L i m Sui Seng, 3rd Tan K i m Heng. t r u e f a i t h . g r a n t e d to the sins of 11. 150 yards D . — their wives, would suppress 1st Lee Leng Chay, 2nd Tan Mong f r o m their copies w h a t t h e L o r d Kuang, 3rd Kueh Meng Siew. did when H e forgave adultery." 12. 150 yards C — 1st Donald Kessler, 2nd Chan E e Women Apostles. Tuck, 3rd Lee Keok Ee. T h e s a m e difficulty a r o s e a g a i n • 13. E g g & Spoon D . — in the tenth century. The Church 1st Leng Leng Chay, 2nd Yio Cheng held firm, and kept a text, " w h i c h Song, 3rd Yio K u m Kok. gave guilty w o m e n hope a n d for14. Bun Eating Primaries.— 1st L i m Bak Chim, 2nd Han Hee giveness." W i t h i n the three short Juan, 3rd L i m Sui Seng. years of H i s m i n i s t r y on earth O u r 15. T u g of War.— L o r d taught in immortal words Std. I (Std. vs. Primaries). that H e was as m u c h c o n c e r n e d 16. Hurdles 100 yards A . — a b o u t t h e soul o f a w o m a n as t h e 1st Chua Boo Lat, 2nd Tan K i m soul of a m a n . Wah, 3rd Phua Boon Leng. 100 yards Hurdles B — A f t e r O u r Lord's death, M a d a m e 1st Sui K i m , 2nd L i n Chew, 3rd Y v e r tells t h e i m p o r t a n t p a r t p l a y Thong Chai. ed b y w o m e n i n t h e s p r e a d i n g o f 100 yards Hurdles C — the true faith. T h e names of the 1st Donald Kessler and Ee Tuck women who helped the Apostles (tie) 3rd Joo Mui. and their successors stand out in Inter House Ball Relay.— 1st Becheras House. their writings i n a luminous halo. 440 yards Old Boys.— When the days of persecution 1st John Goh, 2nd E . Gallistan. c a m e , t h e w o m e n m a r t y r s w e r e as 440 yards A . — a r d e n t to suffer as t h e m e n , a n d 1st Boon Leng, 2nd L . Joseph, 3rd M a d a m e Y v e r tells t h e i r s t o r y i n Guan Joo. glowing pages. 440 yards B . — 1st Thong Chai, 2nd Sui K i m , 3rd W h e n the e r a of persecution Hock Num. closed, w o m e n w e r e as r e a d y t o do Putting the shot—Old Boys.— their part in convents a n d solitudes 1st M u i Seek, 2nd Cheng Khoon. as t h e a n c h o r i t e s i n t h e d e s e r t . In Consolation Race.— i n t e l l e c t u a l fields w o m e n h e l d t h e i r 1st Lew Joseph, 2nd Benedict T a y , own. T h e r e a d e r w i l l find i n t h e 3rd Kwee Heng. Slow Cycle Open.— chapter, T h e C h u r c h T r i u m p h a n t 1st Thong Chai, -2nd Kian Choon, and W o m a n , delightful pictures of 3rd Kian Woo. St. Jerome and St. P a u l a a n d the Inter House—Tug of War.— l e a r n e d ladies w h o a p p e a l e d f o r Laurent House. t h e i r r e l i g i o u s i n s t r u c t i o n to t h e Kicking the Football. (Open).— Great Doctor a n d never appealed 1st Kian Woo, 2nd Boon Leng, 3rd Sui K i m . in vain. (The Standard). r
A y o u n g w i f e r e t u r n e d to t h e baker what r e m a i n e d of h e r first p u r c h a s e o f flour. "What's the matter with it, m u m ? " he a s k e d . "It's t o u g h , " w a s h e r c o m p l a i n t . " F l o u r t o u g h ? " echoed the perplexed trader. "How do you mean, tough?" "Well, said the e m b r y o housew i f e , "I m a d e c a k e s w i t h i t — a n d m y husband couldn't even chew them!"
Kicking the Football B . — 1st Donald Kessler, 2nd Chong W a h , 3rd Dennis D'Cotta. Individual Championship:— A. Boon Leng, Runner up—Boo Lat. B. Thong Chai, Runner up—Sui K i m . C. Donald Kessler, Runner up—Ee Tuck. Inter House Championship. Winner Laurent House, 78 points. Runner up—Salailles House 72 points. K. H . T A Y , Sportsmaster, H.I.E.S.
T e r r i t o r y
man from the beach visited casually the Father and therefore the Saturday thereafter was . chosen, the 13th. August. There was no time to be lost as on the 15th August the solemn benediction of the new church had to take place. The Saturday was very favourable to Po Mari, since he was the shooting boy of the Father and on every Saturday morning the Father gave him his gun for shooting some game for the Sunday. There was then an unusually big number of missionaries together at St. Paul. Three Brothers were staying already for some time engaged in building the Church. Four Sisters had come from Vunapope to help the three residing Sisters with the preparations for the great feast. On that Saturday morning there were far mere people at Holy Mass than was the custom on weekdays. The Sisters had remarked on it, but given the fact no further attention. Not to raise any suspicion by their presence, all the murderers assisted at Holy Mass which then was offered under the house of the Sisters until the Church would be ready. After Mass the Missionaries retired to their respective houses to take their breakfast. After which every one went to his daily work. Father Maser the day before had declared his intention to go with the children of the boarding school down the beach, to receive the goods that had arrived per pinnace from the headquarters at Vunapope. However—as he felt rather tired—he asked two Sisters. Brigitta and Dorothea, to go in his place. He then went to rest a little, on his stretcher. Po Mari, as usual, had asked and obtained the Father's gun with which he left the house. This time Tie did not go in the bush, but after having noted accurately the place where every one of the Missionaries was working at that moment, he went to meet his helpers in the immediate ,vicinity and informed them of the exact position and ordered them to be ready to act as soon as they would hear the first shot. After this he entered the house of Father Maser by the rear side and found the boy Po Jul brooming the verendah. "Where is the Father?" he asked him. Po Jul answered "There in his room he is lying in his bed"— Po Mari then ordered him: "Openthat window" Whereupon Po Jul entered the room and feiging to arrange something opened the window. Immediately Po Mari appeared outside at the window and shot the Father in the breast. Father Maser could still rise from the bed and staggered in the direction of the door, where he fell down on the floor. Just at that moment Sister Anna came to the house, bringing some clean linen. She entered hurriedly the middle room and saw the Father lying dead on the floor. But the poor Sister, terror-stricken, had no time to examine further, for Po Mari had already seen her and was behind her in no time. * • * * The 7th August 1904 had been But already the Sister had dashed in the side-room and quick as the fixed. But on that day a white When I passed through Singapore on Sunday 24th. March en route for Rome, I saw with great pleasure in the "Malaya Catholic Leader" the picture of the tombs of our Martyrs, murdered for the faith at the very beginning of our mission work. The thought came to me that it might be of interest for the readers of that esteemed paper to know the details of that tragic but glorious event which proved a veritable blessing for the evangelisation of these islands, firstly stamped on the old charts as "islas de la mala gente" (islands of the wicked people). I will only recall here that the first Missionaries of the Sacred Heart landed at Matupi on the 29th. September 1882 and in the first ten years lived in absolute poverty and suffered incredible hardships. The country was very rough, the inhabitants were extremely wild and unrealiable, of a low standard and a slow response to the preaching of the Gospel. They did not lose courage but, since their work had been handicapped by the creation of district divisions, they went to a more remote region, called Baining, very mountainous, whose inhabitants were constantly at war with the beach-people who made frequent raids in the Baining district and abducted their prisoners as slaves. The Bishop, Mgr. Louis Couppe, who is the admirable founder of the Mission, sent there a young missionary named Father Maser Rasher, who first settled at Vunamarita, on the beach, which may be called the door of Baining and later in the mountains, at St. Paul. He made a good track under great difficulties, constructed a house, a Church, and a school, and laid out a model village, where the redeemed slaves after some education at the Catholic Mission, could live a peaceful and regular life. Amongst those was a certain Po Mari, who had been baptised in danger of death and thrice saved by the Missionaries. He had married and helped the Brother in the small saw-mill of the Mission. One dag^he was badly hurt by a big tree~%iat was rolling down a gully and was again saved by the Father and restored to health. Since that time his character changed entirely: he was lazy in his work, sent away his wife and took another. Reprehended by the Father, he feigned reconciliation, but, in his heart was anger and bitterness. He went around everywhere to his countrymen, murmuring against the missionary and instigating them to return to their bad former customs. He also stole their taros and their pigs, alleging he did so on the order of Father Maser. Thus he fomented the dislike and the anger of many people. One day that the Father had engaged him again to send away his second wife, he returned home and seizing his lance, he planted it with fury in the ground, saying: "The Father must die." From that day he had nothing else in his heart than to kill Father Maser.
G u i n e a
lightning closed the door. Po Mari seized his axe and hit the door so violently that the lock sprung open. He entered the room and at close range shot the Sister through the head. The Sister rolled under the table, where she was found, her head resting on a box. Sister Sophia was just then returning to the station from a neighbouring hamlet where she had dressed sores. The murderers waited for her on that stretch of road and killed her with an axe. The Sister who was of a particularly strong complexion, seems to have endeavoured to avoid thei blows, for her clothes were entirely torn. Po Mari saw the struggle and shouted to the men: "Why do you not kill her quick?" Thereupon, they kicked her to the ground and trampled her under their feet until the bowels came out. Then she died. Brother Aloys Bley was busy with carpenter-work under the house of Father Maser. When he heard the shots, he ran from under the house together with his boy Pande. The Brother asked Po Mari: "Why do you shoot?"—Po Mari gave no answer but lifted up his gun to aim at the Brother who was running to the school-house and held a weather-board to shield himself. Pande took position in front of the Brother to save him from death. Po Mari shouted to him: "Go out of the way, or I shoot you down."—Whereupon Po Pande replied: " A l l right, you kill us both!" Po Mari then shot the Brother in the forehead. The Brother still endeavoured to reach the school but a second shot in the loins made him drop to the ground. A baining savege came running to him and took his life with an axe. Brother Schellekens was working at the cement stairs leading to the Church, when a savage approached him from behind and with two formidable strokes split his head. Brother Plasschaert was just busy at measuring weatherboards. Some murderers standing behind him cut his occiput with their axes. He fell on those same weatherboards dying. He was still holding his meter in his hands. Sister Agatha was dressing sores in the neighbourhood of their house, when the Baining savages cleft her head with their axes. Sister Angela was occupied with arranging the altar under the house where Holy Mass had been said. They dealt heavy blows on her head and she fell on the steps of the altar. She was found with the tabernacle at her side and the sacred hosts around her. Sister Agnes was at that time sewing on the verendah. As the murderers rushed upon her. she covered her head with her veil and fell under the blows of their axes. Of the nine missionaries there was no one left in St. Paul, and the glorious morning wore a golden aureola around their bleeding heads, whereas the murderers were looting the houses. But there was still a priest in a distant station, Nacharunep, Father Rutten who by that time was sitting in his long chair, with before him on the table the book of
the Martyrs of the Catacombs. Po Vuse, his house-boy, had been persuaded by Po Mari to kill his master and benefactor. He placed himself behind the chair and shot through the canvas in the head of the Father who was then massacred by several others who cut off the skull down to the mouth. His brains bespattered the floor around. Po Vuse envelopped the corpse in banana leaves and buried it near the house.
The two Sisters with the children arrived unmolested at the beach and soon heard from some boys of St. Paul the sad news of the tragedy there. Father Van der A a did not trust the story, because their words were very confused. Still in his anxiety he wrote a little note to Father Rutten in Nacarunep to advise him to go at once to the beach. The paper was delayed and came too late. Father van der A a requested the fast horse of a white resident of Masawa and galloped to St. Paul to find out what had happened. He met on the way with several savages who took to the bush. He entered the house of Father Maser and saw the two corpses lying on the floor. From the verendah he saw also the other missionaries lying dead on the ground" and the people assembling all kinds of things to take them in the bush. Only at that moment the savages caught sight of the Father and immediately rushed to the house brandishing their axes. But the Father with one bounce was on his horse and down the kill, back to Vunamarita. The Father sent a letter to Kokopo, notifying the administration of the horrible facts. The Government sent an expedition to Baining, capturing the murderers, who were sentenced to death. A l l received Holy Baptism before their execution. They had been mere tools in the hand of Po Mari, who entrenched himself strongly in the mountains, where he was shot. As for the victims of that horrible plot, it is clear that they died for the true religion and more particularly in defence of the holiness of the Marriage. I now carry to Rome the acts of the official process which was held in New Guinea and we may hope confidently that one day the heroic martyrs may be raised to the honours of the altar. They offered the supreme sacrifice of their young lives for the conversion of those savage tribes and for the success of the Sacred Heart Mission which is one of the most prosperous of the Pacific. vG. J . VESTERS, M.S.C. Vic. Apost. Rabaul.
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THROUGH DEEP WATER (Continued
make your preparation for Confession, and I shall be here for as long as you need me." " As long as you need me." The wild unreasoning terror died away from the woman's heart, her body ceased to tremble, as she dropped to her knees, and bowed her head upon her clasped hands. Gradually all thoughts of the danger, which threatened from the raging fire and the hungry sea, faded from her mind; she ceased to hear the hurrying tramp of many feet from the deck above. She forgot that somewhere up there, a man was searching frantically for her, with an awful fear knocking at his heart. She only remembered that she knelt at the Feet of her patient God, whose laws she had broken and flouted for a decade of years. Gratitude opened the flood gates of her tears. After some minutes, she rose and knelt at the feet of the old Priest and the pitiful story was told, fully and sincerely. Father Michael listened without comment, until the end, then he spoke gently and gravely. " Now, my child, before I speak the words of pardon, there remains something else which I must say, if this pardon is to be ratified on High, your repentance entails a decision which you alone can make and which must affect gravely the whole of your future life. You know to what I refer? " " Father, I do," she answered bravely, " and with God's help if I live henceforth, Anthony Curtis will be a stranger to me, if he refuses to have the marriage rectified." Then the priestly hand was swiftly raised, the saving words of absolution spoken, and Rita Williams rose to her feet, with peace in her eyes and joy in her heart. Anthony was still searching desperately among the crowds on deck and below, when she came swiftly to him. His tremendous relief at seeing her again was not more than his amazement at the change, from the wildly sobbing woman he had left, to the calmeyed, steady one who confronted him. She stayed the torrent of questions on his lips. " You shall hear all about it later on, dear," she whispered " I am sane again, I have been to Confession." It
didn't matter very much to A n thony just then, where she had been; all that counted was that she was beside him again, and, he conceded gratefully in his own mind " i f confession had worked that change in her it must be a jolly good thing." Quickly he adjusted a lifebelt about her, and she helped him, with steady hands; all was bustle on deck, they were preparing to launch the boats. It was useless to try and hide any longer, the fact that was beyond control. The result everyone knew. Two other liners were steaming full spead to their rescue, so the wireless had informed them. Surely the boats would be picked up before long. How long they could live in such a sea—that was the question? Then came poignant scenes, as in accordance with the age and law of the sea, all women and children were ordered forward to take first places in the boats. Every man on board stood back quietly, or tried to help the crew in the launching of the boats, several of which were smashed to pieces against the vessel's sides, before they reached the angry sea at all. Others capsized the instant they touched the lashing waters, and, in a very short time, it became apparent, that the large number of women and children would more than fill the boats—the men would have to take their chance. Anthony Curtis's face was grey with fear, as he saw Rita take her place in the last boat. Fear, not for himself, but for the woman he loved so well. The memory of her calm face and steadfast eyes, as she smiled up at him, was one which Anthony carried next to his heart, for all time. Now there was not a woman or child left on deck, and still there was a vacant place. Without hesitation, the Captain turned to Father Michael, "Father, you must go," he said firmly, and instantly there were murmurs of approval from every man present. The priest was the oldest man on board; the snows of more than seventy winters had silvered his hair, he was in a delicate state of health-and-he was a Priest. "The place is yours, do not delay." Fr. Michael didn't seem to hear, he was looking down at the frail boat far below him, tossing like a
shell upon the angry waters. In one corner, a woman crouched, trying to hush the wild sobbing of three small children, who clung to her. He knew the woman; she was one of his flock. She had told him her story. How her husband, wounded in the War, and unable to stand the rigor of the English climate, had decided to take his little family out to Canada, and there take up life on the land, where the sun shone, and God's blue sky could be seen overhead. How they had toiled and worked for four years to save the necessary money, how their dream was now coming to realization of their faith and hope in the future. Father Vaughan had seen the husband's face as he held his wife and children to him, and said " goodbye." There was a very sweet smile on the priest's serene face as he turned to the Captain, "the place is mine, you say, very well, I wish this man to have it," he indicated the man who stood close behind him. " He is partly disabled," he explained, and they saw that the man's foot dragged slightly, as he moved, "and he will not stand the same chance as the rest of us." To the end of his life Anthony Curtis never forgot the look in the man's eyes, as, for an instant, he threw himself at the Priest's feet and held the old man's hand to his lips. Anthony was learning many . a lesson that night. Deliberately he worked his way over to where the Priest was standing. He was close beside him, a stout piece of planking from one of the smashed lifebelts in his hand, when the great liner, with a long-drawn, grinding shudder plunged to her doom beneath the dark waters of the Atlantic, and left nearly one hundred human beings struggling for life in the angry sea. It was Anthony's strong hands, that held desperately to the Priest, as they went down, down together, in an all-engulfing fury of foam. It was the same handVwhich clung with him to the plank through the awful hour and a half, which elapsed, before they were picked up by the " C i t y of Quebec," the first rescue steamer on the scene. And the gallant effort was futile, for when the two men were drawn on board, the old Priest was dead. In the icy waters of the Atlantic, he had yielded up soul to Christ, whose priest he had been for nigh half a century.
And Anthony Curtis was unconscious, and for many days lay very close to death, fighting the pneumonia, which supervened, from the exposure and shock. As he tossed in delirium, one name was constantly on his lips, " R i t a . " And she was there in answer to his need, for Rita Williams was among the survivors from the " Majestic " >^uid she had quickly recovered from the effects of her awful experience. Day and night she was beside the stricken man, who lay in the private ward of a large hospital and his recovery was largely due to her soothing care and constant presence. And when at last, her lover lay once more in safety from the illness which had wasted him, Rita went forth into the world, heartbroken, but full of heaven-given strength and faith. Thus lived Rita Williams, for three months, months in which the love of things transient warred unceasingly within her against allegiance to God. But it seemed that all her endurance must be swept away, when one bright afternoon, she came face to face with her erstwhile lovOr. His haggard look sent a shock of pain through her, and his hoarse words of love and appeal tore at her heart. " R i t a , Rita, where have you been?" Despairingly she raised her hand. "- Don't," she said chokingly. "But, darling, I've searched for you everywhere. I'm a Catholic now. I studied it " He stopped when she swayed as if to faint. His arm around her shoulders galvanised her into life again. She drew away. "Thanks be to god." "Yes dear, for Father Michael Vaughan." P E T E R CHONG & CO., (The Catholic BOOKS FOR L E N T
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D A U G H T E R
Girls have so many claims to Daylight is ringing with song consideration that it is hard to birds, make out a full list. Volumes And brooklets are crooning by could be written under the follownight, ing heads:— And why should I make a shadow Where God makes all so bright? Daughter, sister, future wife, future mother, prospective teacher Earth may be wicked and weary —nun—nurse. Just think of it Yet I cannot help being glad —all the great wofnen of history There is sunshine without and even Our Lady herself, were once within me, girls! A l l the mothers of saints, And how should I mope or be statesmen, literary men, sciensad? it. tists, even of sinners, were once God would not flood me with blesgirls. sings A l l the future men who will Meaning me only to pine, rule and run the world when we Amid all the bounties and beauties, are gone; all the future mothers He pours upon me and mine* who will train the families that Therefore will I be grateful, only does it form the main ingrediMutton Broth de Luxe. will produce these men, will be the Therefore will I rejoice; ent of whatever beverage we children of the girls of to-day. My heart is singing within me! One and a half pounds of scrag drink, but all foodstuffs contain a What reverence all should have Sing on, O Heart and Voice. end of mutton, one carrot, one certain ^mount of it. Moreover, for you! What efforts you should YOUR HUSBAND'S HOME. we use it for cooking, laundering turnip, one onion, one ounce of make and should be made to fit and the cleansing of ourselves and pearl barley, two quarts of cold you for your responsibilities! Next I do not Jbelieve in making one's water, salt and pepper, one desto mother, there is no word which husband bear the brunt of all one's our homes. sertspoonful of chopped parsley. recalls all that is hallowed so housekeeping mistakes. I symWater for drinking or used in Wash the barley and soak it much as daughter. Whether it be pathise most heartily with his ir- the preparation of food must be parents who speak of her as their ritation when he comes home as pure as possible, for many of overnight. Wipe the meat, rechild, or brothers who call her from business, jaded and weary, the worst diseases, such as ty- move it from the bones, and cut sister, the daughter is one of to find an ill-cooked meal await- phoid, are caused and spread by it into small pieces. Put it into God's special gifts and blessings ing him, and a wife who looks foul water. Good drinking water a saucepan with the water and to mankind. unmistakably tired and cross, and should be clear and odourless, with broken bones, the latter tied The father and brothers who has not stopped to think whether a pleasant fresh taste. The im- loosely in muslin, as they are have been inspired, or reclaimed, her dress is tidy and becoming, or purities of drinking water may be then easy to remove from the soup and there is less danger of by daughter or sister are legion. quite the reverse. It is surpris- divided into three classes:— small splinters being overlooked. The mothers whose homes and ing what a long way these little 1. Organic impurities caused cares have been lightened by a de- things will go in working disen- by sewrage, disease germs or Add one teaspoonful of salt, voted daughter are beyond num- chantment in his slow-going mas- decaying matter. This is by far bring slowly to the boil, and skim. ber. The devotion and sacrifice of culine mind. He is sensible of a the most dangerous impurity, and Have ready the prepared vegetthe daughter for parents and feeling that something is wrong the greatest possible care should ables, washed, peeled, or scraped, brothers are proverbial. Next to which, he does not know how to be taken, in country houses es- and cut into small dice. As the a mother, the heart of a daughter set right; that he is made to suf- pecially, to keep the water fresh liquor begins to boil, skim, and reminds us most of the heart of fer unjustly for something that is and clean. Springs should be pro- put in the vegetables and the barChrist. If the daughter is a true not his fault, and it is not to be tected from animals, and deep ley. Simmer quite slowly for Catholic one, her devotion to wondered at i f he begins to sigh wells should be so situated that the about two hours. Remove the family and faith will make others for the orderliness of his mother's drainings of the farm-yards do not scum, fat and bones, season to learn from her rather than instruct household, and to wonder i f his go into them. taste with salt and pepper, and her. She will be indeed one of wife can be quite the girl he serve with the parsley sprinkled To test the water for organic the greatest glories of the Church, thought she was when he married impurities.—Get two glasses and over. as well as of the Christian family. her. into one put some fresh distilled The heroism and sacrifice displayI do not mean by all this that ed by her in the home, and in work our girls should become mere water, or water which has been for God's needy ones 'elsewhere, household drudges, or narrow well boiled, and into the other the requires to be used a few times have endeared her to the most down their lives to a round of mo- suspected water. Add a few drops before it gets into good working callous. Catholic daughters have notonous daily tasks; but I do of Condy's Fluid to each and leave order and purifies the water. All a great power of making the world mean that they should make it for Ave minutes. The fresh water filters should be kept clean, or they happier and better. It is in home their duty and ambition so tho- will have a pinkish colour, whilst do far more harm than good, and life that influence is principally roughly to master the science of impure water will have assumed it should be remembered that filfelt. Unless selfish—and thank housekeeping that they shall be a brownish tint. If the water has ters only remove one class of imGod, few girls are such—gentle- competent to teach their servants been found to be impure—1. Try purities, and will not do instead of ness, readiness to'assist, and good to carry out their plans, or, if need to discover and remove the cause. boiling, where organic impurities temper radiate peace, contentment be, to throw themselves into the 2. Boil the water well before us- are suspected in the water. and joy, so much that Home be- breach with ease and confidence, ing it. The heat of the boiling 3. Dissolved Impurities.—These comes an attraction and family and, unassisted, carry on the water kills all germs in it. generally either give the water 2. Suspended Impurities.—These their taste or make the water life a foretaste of Heaven. household machinery without a may be germs or particles of sand, hard. Hard water is a pleasant Cheerfulness must be cultivated. jar. mud, etc. They can be seen by water to drink, but it is bad for All like cheerful people and God All our girls cannot expect to "loves the cheerful giver," and marry monied men, nor can they pouring the water into a clean household use. It is called hard above all the cheerful daughter. be sure, in the uncertain conditions glass and allowing it to stand for from its feel and from the diffiSometimes it is very hard to be of our modern life, that men who a time. Any suspended matter culty with which it forms a lather will settle to the bottom of the cheerful and worried at the same are rich to-day may not be poor glass, and could be examined, and with soap, and hence it is very time, but with a little grit the and struggling in a short year or the clear water poured off. Such wasteful on soap. worry is drowned by the sunshiny two; and, surely, these men have particles are generally removed Hard water can be softened:— disposition. It is difficult to drown a right to expect that the woman from water by filtration. The two (a) by allowing it to stand. a cat, you drown it. and then you they place at the head of the home most satisfactory niters are the (b) by boiling. drown it again, and then you they have, in many cases, toiled Pasteur-Chamberland and the (c) by adding some chemical, drown it finally and forever, and hard to win, shall be able to fulfil Berkefeld filter, both of which may such as soda or lime to it. when you get home it is sitting on her duty towards that home in be relied on. A very good filter The soda should be added to the mat. Well the dumps have the true spirit, bringing to it a can be cheaply made at home by more than nine lives, so constant full comprehension of its cares and the following method:—Get a washing water only, and the effort to kill them is necessary. duties, and an ability, so far as large empty flower-pot and cleanse amount of soda or lime to be added The influence of cheerfulness and it could be gained by conscientious it thoroughly. In the bottom of depends on the hardness of the This method is used good temper never dies, but goes study beforehand, to perform it place a layer of coarse graveL, water. where the hardness is of such a on rippling and gurgling, while those duties well. three inches deep, and on this an nature as will not be removed by casting the sunshine of God's lova equal layer of fine gravel, and then boiling. When hard water is boilall round the home. on top a layer of sand, so that it HOUSEHOLD HINTS. ed in the kettle a crust of lime Am I wrong to be always so comes up to within two inches of HOUSE H Y G I E N E . forms on the inside after a time. happy ? the tdp of the flowers-pot. Pour Water. If an oyster shell be kept in the the water gently on to this, and This world is full of grief; kettle the lime collects on to it inWater is, after air, the principal let it trickle through—the more Yet there is laughter in sunshine, stead. To see the crisp green on the necessity of life. Our bodies are slowly the better—and out of largely composed of it, and not the hole underneath. This filter leaf. (To be continued)
Gleanings By Air Mail
Bigots in Scotland.
The annual Assembly of the Established Church in Scotland brings the usual anti-Catholic manifestations. In a committee report is the following disingenuous and ungenerous attempt to saddle the Catholics of Scotland with any trouble that may result from the activities of anti-Catholic bigots. "W hat is abundantly plain is that there is a rising tide of indignation, the exploitation of which is likely to lead to a most unfortunate and undesirable intrusion of sectarian animosity into public life, of which a beginning has already been made." In other words, "No decent person can palliate such disgraceful scenes as recently occurred in Edinburgh, therefore let us concentrate the blame on the Catholics for provoking them." The attitude towards Catholics is the old one; â€˘"- cet animal est tres mechant; quand on 1'attaque, i l se defend." The Key to the Situation. The immediate occasion of the "rising tide of indignation" is the fictitious "continued displacement of Scottish labour by Roman Catholic immigration from Ireland." That the immigrants, directly or indirectly, pay their rates and taxes and help by their labour and their purchasing power to build up the country's prosperity is apparently irrelevant. But the fictitious character of the grievance is shown by another report of another committee. "The last five years mark not only the smallest number of children born in Scotland and baptised by Presbyterian churches, but the lowest percentage during the past 80 years. The Protestant child life in Scotland, owing to economic and other causes, has so diminished in number as to be suicidal to the highest interests of Church and country." There we have the truth, and also the key to the situation.
We are told the Anglican celebrations in Rochester Cathedral in memory of St. John Fisher are to be held on June 22, and not, as we stated lately on newspaper authority, last week-end at the time of the canonisation. June 22 is the anniversary of the Saint's martyrdom, and on that day will take place the great Catholic demonstration in his cathedral city. There is, therefore, a good opportunity for Catholics to show, by rallying in their thousands, who are the legitimate heirs of the Saint's tradition. A correspondent asks why St. John Fisher, as a saintly Bihsop, a true Englishman and an illustrious worthy of Rochester, should not be "honoured in his old cathedral." Well, it is not very congruous for a usurping dynasty to honour that which it has usurped and means to go on usurping. The best way tire civic authorities and people of Rochester could honour the Saint would be by attending the Catholic celebration, and the more graceful thing for the Anglican dignitaries to do would be to retire tactfully into obscurity for the day. (Universe, May 24 )
Denial of Justice. The Assembly's committee is also full of indignation over the Scottish Education Act of 1918, and demands its amendmentâ€”indeed its practical abrogation. The 1918 settlement, according to these people, "involved the subsidising by the State of Roman Catholic teaching; it brought about a very considerable enrichment of the Roman Catholic Church; and the resources thus secured had enabled it to develop its buildings and strengthen its position in Scotland." The fact, it seems, does not matter that the Catholic parents and children are merely getting what they are paying for through the rates and taxes they d i s b u r s e . The trouble is that "voluntary schools probably did not correspond previously to more than 7 per cent, of the popultion. Their number had increased to at least double that ratio, so that the situation from the Protestant point of view was far more menacing. A Church that wanted schools exclusively for its own children should be called upon to provide them out of its own funds." So are back again at the old denial of justice to the Catholic body merely because it is Catholic.
Poland's Future. The death of Marshal Pilsudski has caused anxious questioning as to the future of the nation which he did so much to recreate. On one point, however, the news is reassuring. The Times Correspondent in Warsaw declares that the relationship between the Catholic Church and the Government has improved and calls attention to the development of the Catholic Youth Movement which has now more than a million members. Poland's loyalty to its religious traditions, since that will strengthen any resistance it may have to offer to Bolshevism on the one hand and Hitlerism on the other, is an important consideration. It was this which nerved it in the struggle with the Red Army wherein it saved western Europe from a flood of victorious Communists. So long as Poland is able to defeat the propaganda that would subvert her ancient faith, she will continue to defend her integrity and independence. That a territory of such strategic value should be occupied by a Catholic nation is of the greatest importance. The strength of P i l sudski's work will be now tested and present appearances go to show that it will bear the test. The combined forces of Catholicism and Nationalism will not be easily overcome. Italian Imperialism. The high-handed manner in which Mussolini appears to be dealing with the Abyssinian question is not improved by the trotting out of the old excuse, habitually used by Imperialists, that he is acting in the interests of civilisation generally. Yet before Englishmen condemn him they should remember that it is by just such methods, cloaked by the selfsame plea, that their Empire was built up. (Contd: on page 11)
M A L A Y A ' S H E A L T H F
For health, sleep and bright awakening Cadbury's
better for you' MAASâ€”I A.
10 tions and equally deserving of N o t e s & C o m m e n t s possible to aim at a well-defined target. The mere passive resipardon when they repent." The Russia Relents stance of the Priests and Faithful Post Free, Local and Aoroad: Catholic view regards the wife " Pravda" the official organ of is enough to neutralize the most 12 Months ... $6.00 neither as the slave nor the pro- the U.S.S.R. describes the recent violent attacks of a State Bis6 Months ... $3.00 perty of her husband but as his speech of M . Stalin which strikes marck—the dreaded founder of 3 Months ... $1.50 consort and companion. Where- an unusually humanitarian note as the German Empire—capitulated "the most noteworthy in the before Leo XIII. Napoleon the All correspondence and literary as the Protestant manner of world." The regimentation of the First's policy towards the Church contributions should be addressed grouping the N i n t h and Tenth proletariat under the Soviet re- was not, by any means, more forCommandments, as if coveting gime has gone on with ruthless tunate." to The Managing Editor, Rev. our neighbour's wife and coveting earnestnes in accomplishing the " In the Fascist conception ReR. Cardon, 73, Bras Basah Road, his goods were offences of the two successive 'Five Year Plans/ ligion is entirely free, independent, Singapore. same kind may lead to the foster- Now Comrade Stalin on realising at home. The Fascist State holds that it is not its business to intering of the idea that the wife is in the adequacy of machinery and fere with religious questions." Tel. 7376, Singapore. equipment declared that their atsome way the property of the hus* * • * tention must be turned to the rank band. The above account sets forth and file man who worked the JItakga: QLxiktdxz Qtttbzx Through the Sacrament of machinery. He deplored that this the unassailable position of the Martimony husband and wife type of men were neglected and Church in the face of repeated atSaturday, 8th June, 1935. obtain an increase of sanctifying often the victim of a "soulless tacks by foes in times past and Though t h i s Her present stand against Her grace, and a claim on those actual bureaucracy." kindly discovery on the part of adversaries. It is a matter for graces which are necessary to the the Russian Dictator is a bit too great wonder to many how "the T H E CHRISTIAN proper fulfilment of all the duties tardy, nevertheless, the thought Holy Father is watching with of family life. In fact all the re- that such a humane realisation philosophic calm the cruel perseFAMILY. lations between husband and wife, has ever occurred to his mind is cutions of the Church in Nazi Gerparents and children are superna- really a matter for genuine gratifi- many and Mexico. The Sovereign The first thing a child learns Pontiff's spirit of forbearance and turalised and sanctified. The end cation. in the Catechism is that God made his appeal for universal and inten* * * * us "to know H i m , to love H i m and ideal of the Christian family There have been encouraging sive prayer to deliver the Church and to serve H i m i n this world." are likewise supernatural i n that indications recently in Russia, of a from Her enemies and the perseSo the primary duty of every i n - they aim at the ultimate salvation possible return to sanity and order- cutors from their own iniquities dividual is the knowledge, love of parents and children. Matri- liness—a state of affairs which seem to re-echo those compassionate words of Our Saviour on the and service of his Creator. It is mony has a close semblance to the godliness and religion alone can Cross "Father forgive them for a duty that cannot be jshirked union between Christ and His permit. The Social and economic they know not what they do." systems based on materialism have with impunity or the discharge of Church as St. Paul (Eph. V . 25) apparently revealed themselves in The Catholic flock with such a which delegated to others. There says "Husbands love your wives, their futilities and human nature doughty Shepherd in charge will is indeed a logical sequence i n the as Christ also loved the Church, has agajn asserted itself in its never feel dismayed at these threefold duty incumbent on us. and delivered Himself up for it." urge for justice. The Easter attacks. It is by the force of prayer and the spirit of forgiveKnowledge begets love; and love Furthermore, the family is the festivities in Russia were observed ness that we hope to disarm our with more fervour this year than in its turn leads to cheerful and chief instrument by which the Every river that has left m previous years when State foes. diligent service. God, however law of duty is impressed upon the interference stood in the way of its bed will in time return to it. * * * * * did not make us as separate en- mind and heart. It is the field such practices. We learn from tities to lead a self-centred life of where virtue and Christian con- "Reuters" that the Churches were England's Premier. Mr. Ramsay McDonald the resolitude; from H i m also come the duct are unceasingly practised. well attended mostly by ill-clad, institution of the family and con- It is through the family that civic aged people of the humbler sta- tiring Premier will go down in spirit and patriotism are fostered. stions in life. There has however history as a great statesman, and sequently the State. been an air of peace and atoneindispensable virtues of ment in that ill-fated country of will assuredly find a place of It is amply evident from these The honour in the 'Hall of Fame' circumstances that the wisdom of obedience, orderliness, generosity, late and we feel confident that Though his political career has God has so fashioned the indi- honour, industry and self-sacri- with the passage of time, Russia been checkered, his force of chavidual, the family, and the State fice are best learnt i n the family will be again reclaimed to the path racter, sincerity and tenacity of of virtue and godliness. It is one that His holy W i l l shall prevail circle. The most potent factor of the special intentions of this purpose have led him out of many a political slough to a meteoric in the education of a child is the over and permeate the private, month to pray for the Conversion rise both in the eyes of his family influence. Young people family and public life of manof Russia and we hope that the countrymen and the rest of the kind. Mgr. Parkinson says i n his contemplating marriage should Faithful will unite in prayer for world. During the death-laden cause. war years, his pascifist doctrine treatise on Social Science, " G o d is give serious thought to the fact this* noble* and praiseworthy * * * that matrimony implies a sacred brought on him an avalanche of the author of the family since the The Church and The State. from his unsavoury criticism contract with obligations to God family is the primary product of "The whole history of Western political adversaries. That he was Marital unions withand society. nature Its existence depends Civilization from the time of the impelled by good faith and honest upon wonderful and permanent out sanctity and homes without Roman Empire right down to our motives in opposing England's laws of nature, both physiological a cradle, being the order of the own days, from Diocletian to Bis- participation in the World War marck, teaches how, whenever a and psychological. W e must note day, will assuredly wreck the sac- State comes into conflict with Re- was later evidenced by the nation's red institution of the family confidence in him when he returnthe providential attraction of sex ligion, the State is always defeated. ed to political power at the head which God has designed as the for sex, and the instincts of parenA combat against Religion is a of the first Labour Government. ideal unit of society. combat against the ungraspable. tal and conjugal affection and * * * * The insidious attempts of the aginst the intangible. It is a war self-sacrifice." The splendour of When experience convinced him the Christian family derives from State to supplant the family by engaged against the spirit, where that the complex problems of the the latter is most profound and Christ himself, W h o not only re- usurping the rights and arrogat- intimate.... It is already a well time could not be satisfactorily stored the family to its original ing the privileges of the latter established fact that in such a tackled by the wisdom of party type as something holy, perma- forebode the disintegration of the struggle even the sharpest wea- politics, he prudently leaned to the expedient of a coalition gonent, and monogamous, but raised present Social system. A Social- pons at the State's disposal are vernment wherein various political powerless to inflict deadly wounds the contract from which it ism which seeks to invade the shades of opinion w ere representof the family and upon the Church, which, especially ed. For this well-meant action springs to the dignity of a Sacra- sanctum where the Catholic Church is ment. The family has thereby threatens to dislodge it from its concerned, invariably emerges vic- on his part insinuations were made been placed upon the plane of the legitimate sphere will perforce torious, even from the fiercest that he was a 'turn-coat' who had end in dismal failure, inasmuch as conflict. A State can but conquer betrayed the interests of his polisupernatural. tical colleagues. Born in humble In view of these qualities of its forces are directed against the another State. That is, it can circumstances and without the inobtain a victory by imposing a permanence and unity, the Chris- law of God. Germany, Russia change of regime for instance, or fluence of family connection or and Mexico are guilty of these tian family implies a real and deby territorial conquest. It can patronage to give him a leg up, he subversive tactics calculated to finite equality of husband and exact an indemnity of war, it can had mounted the rungs of fame detract the prestige due to the compel the defeated nation to dis- through his own parts and efforts. wife. Rev. G . H . Pollen S. J . Mr. McDonald was a great believer in referring to the contract of institution of the family by sub- arm, to accept a given system, ac- in effecting 'personal touch' in marriage says "They have equal ordinating it to the wanton vaga- cording to a certain view-point, international diplomacy. This is either political or economic. W hen rights in the matter of primary ries of the State. W e need hardly as a matter of fact, a nation en- highly characteristic of his deep conjugal relation, equal claims observe that such un-Christian gages in war, it faces a material faith in appealing to human naupon mutual fidelity and equal and profane experiments will reality, which can be attacked, ture in person than to despatch lengthy documents on matters of obligations to make this fidelity merely plunge the unscrupulous broken, mutilated, transformed. moment. Mr. Baldwin who is his But when, on the other hand, the real They are equally guilty leaders and their adherents into adversary is a religion, it is imContinued on page 10.) when they violate these obliga- abysmal confusion beyond recall. R A T E S OF SUBSCRIPTION
11 DIOCESE OF M A L A C C A . C A T H E D R A L OF T H E GOOD S H E P H E R D , SINGAPORE. Calendar for the week.
G O S P E L f o r WHIT SUNDAY (John, X I V , 23-31)
9. Sunday—Whit Sunday, Pentecost. Mass and Vespers of the Feast. June 10. Monday—Whit Monday. June 11. Tuesday—Whit Monday. June 12. Wednesday—Of the Octave. Semid—III June 13. Thursday—Of the Octave Semid June 14. Friday—Of the Octave Semid. June 15. Saturday—Of the Octave. Semid PRESS
(Contd: from page 9)
At that time, Jesus said to his disciples, If any one love me, he will keep my word, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him, and will make our abode with him. He that loveth me not, keepethnot my words: and the word which you have heard is not mine, but the Father's, who sent me. These things have I spoken to you, abiding with you: but the Paraclete, the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things, and bring all things to your mind, whatsoever I shall have said to you. Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you; not as the world giveth, do I give unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, nor let it be afraid. You have heard that I said to you, I go away, and I come unto you. If you loved me, you would indeed be glad, because I go to the Father; for the Father is greater than I. And now I have told you before it come to pass, that when it shall come to pass you may believe. I will not now speak many things with you; for the prince of this world cometh, and in me he hath not any thing. But that the world may know that I love the Father, and as the Father hath given me commandment, so do I.
CHURCH OF ST. JOSEPH. Calendar for the Week. June 9. Sunday—Whit Sunday. Red Vestments. Double 1st cl. with privileged octave of the first order. Proper of the Mass in the " Small M i s s a l " p. 178. Solemn High Mass at 8. Evening Service: third day of the novena of St. Anthony. June 10. Monday—Of the octave. Double 1st class, Novena at 5.30 p.m. June 11. Tuesday—Of the octave. Double 1st class, Novena at 5.30 p.m. S.^ J., a renowned Tamil preacher of Trichinopoly. A t 3 p.m. there was "The Way of the Cross" and another Sermon by the same preacher. A t 6 p.m. special prayers and a third Sermon were followed by a display of fireworks on the grounds. This Crucifix, only erected a short time ago, at once became widely renowned for miraculous favours received there, and has since drawn a regular stream of pilgrims.
The Boer War is still within the (COMMENTARY.) memory of those living and should I. Wa have learnt in the Cate- Jesus had purposely chosen twelve be sufficiently vivid to check any Pharisaic condemnation of Jtaly. chism that we show our love to- illiterate fishermen. But the Holy In fact the superoir advantages, wards God by keeping His Com- Ghost would come. During nine mandments. That is what Jesus days they prayed with the Mother as regards Colonial possessions, of tells us when He says: If any one of Jesus, they prepared their souls, the nations who first adopted the methods now, apparently, used by love me, he will keep my word. Bu with the first novena in the history Italy is one of the causes of inter- God is never overcome in genero- of the Church, to receive the gifts sity. He is the Lord of the uni- of the Holy Ghost. And the Holy national unrest. LONDON IS TO H A V E A If we would have peace we must verse and the whole world is not Ghost came. Their intellects were "CARDINAL BOURNE sufficient to reward our love to- miraculously illuminated; their first "see that we have justice, and STREET/' justice, under the circumstances, wards Him. Riches, honours, plea- wills strengthened, their hearts Tribute by Civic Leaders of is a costly thing. Are we willing sures, happiness in short, are un- inflamed. Before, they kept the Southwark. to pay the price of more equitable s worthy of our love for God. So, doors shut for fear of the Jews, but conditions ? Otherwise, friction He returns His love, He gives Him- now come out and preach, rebuke, A tribute to the memory of the and my Father will and accuse fearlessly: You have late Cardinal Bourne has been paid pointing to war, between the self to us: ^'haves" and the "have-nots" is • love him, and we will come to him, killed the author of life, by the Municipal authorities of and will make our abode with him. People from all nations were Southwark, E . E . With the approinevitable. He gives Himself in this world and gathered together in Jerusalem val of the L.C.C. a thoroughfare (Catholic Times. May 24.) will be our everlasting recompense and all understood in their own in the parish of the Most Precious in Heaven: Ego ero merces tua languages the sermon of St. Peter, Blood, Borough, S.E., is to be remagna nimis. To keep God's Com- And those ignorant, poor and des- named Cardinal Bourne-street. ARCHBISHOP OF C A L C U T T A mandments is then the only way pised fishermen converted on that When negotiations with the T E L L S T H E CATHOLICS W H Y to Heaven. Our faith, our prayers glorious day thousands and thou- L.C.C. were first - commenced to T H E Y MUST SUPPORT T H E I R are of no avail if we do not fulfil sands. It was the beginning of publicly perpetuate the long assothe Commandments which are the the Church. ciations with South London of the PRESS. will of God. He who says Lord, III. Finally Jesus gives His late Cardinal it was suggested that By only reading secular papers Lord, will not enter Heaven, unless peace to the Apostles and disciples, Bourne-street would be sufficient. and magazines, Catholics are im- he does the will of God. This is It was a Jewish salutation. As a Southwark Borough Council, bibing very hazy and often entire- the clear teaching of Our Saviour, salutation, it was not effectual. however, pressed for official recogly wrong impressions of Catholic II. The words of this Gospel But Jesus says that His peace is nition of their suggestion, and events. This tends to make them were pronounced immediately af- not like the peace of the world. He Upper Bland-street in the heart of lukewarm and eventually indiffer- ter the discourse of Jesus at the gave His peace, the peace of con- Dickens land and the home of ent to their religion. Catholics last Supper. Referring to it, Jesus science, and if we read the History jj many Catholic families, will in should read Catholic books and says: These things have I spoken of the Church, we will see the mar- future be a permanent tribute to take in a Catholic paper. In these to you, abiding with you; but the vellous effects of that peace. Not the memory of His Eminence. days of widespread education all Paraclete, the Holy Ghost, whom peace with the devil, for, like a This is believed to be the first must be equipped to defend the the Father will Send in my nanie, lion, he is always around us trying occasion on which a South London rights of the Church and to fight he will teach you all things, and to devour our souls. Not peace public authority has recognised against the atheism and immora- bring all things to your mind, with the flesh, which is always in the services to the community of lity which are so common in pre- whatsoever I shall have said to you. war against the spirit. Not peace a prelate of the Church of modern sent day literature. Religious Jesus was about to leave His most with the world, whose spirit is days. instruction which is imparted in beloved disciples. He had taught quite opposite to the spirit of The late Cardinal was born in schools and colleges is not suffici- them many things, he had sown Christ. Not even peace with men, Clapham, and until his translation ent to enlighten Catholics on pro- in their hearts all the good tidings, with our own relatives, who very to Westminister resided at B i blems that are to be met with in but the rude fishermen could not often are our greatest enemies, if shop's House, Southwark. daily life. It is only assiduous retain the simple and yet sublime we want to follow Christ faithreading of Catholic literature and doctrine of the Master. To con- fully. But peace with our own We ourselves, to a great degree, a strong support of the Catholic found the pride of the world selves, and peace with God. can determine with what expresPress that will enable Catholics to sion Death will approach us. Our effectually defend their Faith and lives will shape the expression, and For the future any person who imbibe the antidote to the danger A B I L L I N PORTUGAL the thoughts of our hearts should solicits a place in the Government of losing their religion. AGAINST SECRET SOCIETIES. will have first to take a similar be our support. We may not decide the hour, the place, the time, oath. but we can decide the state and The National Assembly of Liscondition of our soul. U.S. N E W S P A P E R PREDICTS bon, by the majority of the 67 deT H E MIRACULOUS CRUCIFIX * * * * * puties present at the time of the R E V O L T I N MEXICO. AT KANDAL. " He that will have loved the vote, has adopted a bill for the poor during life, will behold the Revolution in Mfxico is predict- suppression of all Secret Societies Over 10,000 pilgrims are esti- moment of death approach without ed by the New World, of Chicago, in the Portuguese Republic. The law absolutely forbids the mated to have visited the Miracu- fear." which says editorially : "Those formation in Portugal of any Se- lous Crucifix at Kandal, OotacaST. V I N C E N T D E P A U L . familiar with Mexico are agreed mund, on May 3. For two days that there will be open, universal cret Society whatever and enacts before thousands of pilgrims NOTES & COMMENTS. the penalties which are to be enand bloody warfare by July 1." flocked in, mostly from the plains, forced on offenders. (From page 10) The paper says of the persecuWithin thirty days' delay all in special trains and buses, to worthy successor will take over tion: "The lid cannot always be attend the Kandal Crucifix Festikept on and beyond doubt, the Government Officers will have to val. A t 8 a.m. Mass was said at the reins of office, and it will not take the oath that they are not explosion is nearly at hand. Cathe shrine by the Bishop of be his maiden entry in this exalted tholics are being tried to the break- and never will be members of any Coimbatore, and hundreds received capacity as he had had the priviing point. They are cautioned not Secret Association. For want of Holy Communion. A sermon was lege of kissing the King's hand to go into revolt but human endur- which declaration they will be dis- preached by- Rev. F r . Maria Louis, before. charged at once. ance has its bounds."
M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 8th J U N E , 1935.
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Miss Susan Rodrigues, one of the most successful Music Teachers, photographed with some of her pupils. Miss Rodrigues presented nine candidates for the Trinity College of Music Exams all of whom passed with Honours. Standing, Left to Right:—Messrs: Ee Peng Liang, Joseph Chua Yoke Sit, Francis Tan Peng Kiang and Tan Huat Seng. Seated Left to Right:—Misses Catherine and Mary Rordigues, Tan Kah Hoon, Susan Rodrigues (Teacher), Liau L i n Khim, Ong Soo Kheng Amelia and Margaret Rodrigues.
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own misery. Just then he heard struck from within a chord of an TRAGIC ORIGIN. air unknown to him, but so tender and touching that it thrilled his It is just over fifty years since whole being. He held his breath, the body of John Howard Payne, fearing to lose a single note. He the author of "Home, Sweet was seized with the strongest Home", was laid to rest in Oak impulse to push through the winHill Cemetery, near Washington, dow, snatch something to eat, and U.S.A. For thirty years it had fly—when suddenly tender and been allowed to rest in Africa, low again came the sweet plainthousands of miles from the home tive melody. He turned and dashhe loved, until a personal friend ed down the street, walking on had the remains removed to his and on, with the music ringing native land. in his ears, and with scenes of a far-away home across the Atlantic Payne was a native of Long Is- passing before his mental vision. land, and was a boy prodigy upon Ere dawn broke, the music had the stage, but not a success in crystallised into words and he had maturity. From the day he left composed the song which has his father's home to go on tour as made his name immortal.—C. an actor, until he died in a palace Freeman's Journal. in Tunis, he had no home and knew no sweetness more wholesome than a boarding house. He A Christian Brother was exlost much money as a theatrical manager, wtis imprisoned for debt plaining the meaning of big words. in London, but obtained his free- "An anonymous person," he said, dom through a successful produc- "is one who does not wish to be known. Now but who is that tion of "Richard III." talking down there?" Small voice: " A n anonymous While Payne lived in London he was often reduced to dire need of person, Brother." money even to the humble necessity of holding gentlemen's horses at the theatre doors to earn a few coins. One night when in this Young George looked intently condition of poverty, he found himself outside a stately mansion. for a while at the top of his uncle's Through the opening of a shutter head. "Uncle Joe," said he at last. 'No, he beheld such a picture of home "arc you still growing j comfort and brightness as had not George, I'm not. But why do you warmed his heart for many a ask?" day. The richly spread tables and Because the top of your head is the bright people intensified his coming up through your hair." 'HOME
Above Photograph is of Dr. L . S. Perera, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. on the right, Mr. G. P. Bradney, Auditor, S.S. & FJVf .S. in the centre and Mr. R. Nonis on the left. A s reported in a previous issue Dr. Perera and M r . Nonis addressed the members of the Catholic Action Society and members of the congregation at the Catholic Club on Friday and Saturday before the closing of the Holy Year. Mr. Bradney was the spokesman for the congregation which met outside the Church of St. John the Evangelist to bid farewell to F r . Perrisoud on Sunday 28th April."
M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , SATURDAY,8th J U N E , 1935. BISHOP G A L L A G H E R L A U D S RADIO T A L K S OF F R . COUGHLIN. (Continued from page 1) "Answer: I am, as Bishop of the Catholic Diocese of Detroit, ecclesiastically responsible for the addresses of Father Coughlin. "That responsibility dates specifically from May 15, 1891. Then the Bishops of the world were addressed by the Pontiff, Leo XIII, 'On the Conditions of the Working Classes.' In behalf of the poor, •whose interests are at stake,' the Hoiv Father clearly stated these words: 'Every minister of holy religion must throw into the conflict all the energy of his mind, and all the strength of his enduWith your authority, rance. venerable brethren, (the Bishops) and by your example, they, the ministers of religion, must never cease to urge upon all men of every class, upon the high as well as the lowly, the Gospel doctrines of Christian life. By every means in their power they must strive for the good of the people.! "Just recently, last December, in a letter addressed to the Archbishop of Lisbon, Portugal, the Holy Father urged the clergy to prepare the working classes—to teach them, to solidfy them in groups—. He clearly indicated that unless this interest was manifested in the working classes they would have reason to believe that the Church was on the side of the rich and thus were liable to fall into the deceits of communism. "I am responsible, ecclesiastically, for the addresses of Father Coughlin. "On May 15, 1931, Pope Pius X I addressed to the Patriarchs, Primates, Archbishops, Bishops and others, a letter on Reconstructing the Social Order.' He praised in this letter the many learned priests like Msgr. John Ryan and laymen who devoted their time to social and economic science. " 'For the purpose of adapting to modern needs the unchanging and unchangeable Doctrine of the Church.' I quote his words: 'The Church uses her efforts,' he said, 'not only to enlighten the mind, but to direct by her precepts, the life and conduct of each and all.' 'The Church improves and betters the conditions of the workingmen,' continues the Pope, 'by means of numerous organizations. "With zeal and erudition did numerous Bishops of the Catholic world interpret and comment upon the social doctrine of the Encyclical Letter of Leo XIII and apply it according to the mind and instructions of the Holy See, to the special circumstances of the various* nations/ "In this letter the Pope was not writing an essay, he was teaching and giving orders.
T E N F O R
G I R L S
T H E
NEW DEPT. of AURELIA'S
Rev. J. J . Holleran, assistant Third Commandment: Don't be priest of St. Sebastian's parish, bluffed and misled by charming Milwaukee, U.S.A., has drawn up male admirers who affect somea set of " ten commandments " for thing-for-nothing benevolence. It modern girls, in part, as follows: is often assumed as a mask to conFirst Commandment: Don't pa- ceal a depraved heart and a comrade the streets with an aimless, mercial conscience. Don't accept " a l l dressed up and no where to presents of jewellery, clothing or go " air, hoping to be picked up by of money from them. If you have and economical the first nice-looking boy who hap- reason to suspect the ring, bracelet pens to pass along. You should or the necklace is meant to pave Young Ladies who must not speak to a young man unless the way to dangerous familiarity, economize and yet maintain he has been properly introduced. then it is not a gift, but a bribe, traditionally high standards or goods will be happy to pay Second Commandment: Always a fetter and a curse. Send it back a visit to tell your mother where you iare at once. A U R E L I A ' S N E W Dept going and with whom. Don't deFourth Commandment: Don't a rendezvouz for shrewd ceive her. Return home on time. .let fellows treat you to intoxicshoppers where exquisitely A 12 o'clock girl is a nuisance and ants, 'either privately or publicly. fashioned hats of fine quality a torture to a 10 o'clock family. Under the influence of strong maybe had from Before the world you represent drink young people are apt to let your parents. That is why, i f you themselves go and strike an " I 0 0 are guilty of disreputable behavi- don't care what happens" attiour, it is all laid at their door. tude. UP Fith Commandment: Don't at"In this same letter, Pius X I tach too much importance to cosdemanded that all classes of men metics and to facial " make-up." LWflyS SO/KETUtnG be organized and trained by their Many a girl wrongly imagines her ntw «t personal attractiveness will be in own members. I quote: 'It is your chief duty, (Bishops) and proportion to the exposure she that of your clergy, to seek dili- makes of her physical charms. A gently, to select prudently, and to frock which is transparent under \mS CAPITO CAPITOL BLDG train fittingly, these lay apostles the glare of electric lights, or rOL BLDG. ^ amongst workingmen and amongst which is barely knee-length is immodest. By all means dress artisemployers. No easy task is here imposed upon the clergy.' 'Where- tically and with distinction, but gether. Don't countenance his fore,' continues the Pope, 'all avoid conspicuously close-fitting standing outside, either whistling candidates for the sacred priest- contour-revealing extremes. Sixth Commandment: Avoid de- for you or sounding his motor horn hood must be adequately prepared as a signal he is waiting. It is to meet it by intense study of moralizing dances. Modern steps for him to run after you—not you not being standardised, there is social matters.' after him. " Later in this letter, he con- nothing to prevent you choosing as Tenth Commandment: Don't exyour dancing partners men who tinues: Tn truth, the world nowpect to go through life always adays has sore need of valiant avoid exaggerated steps and exotic dressed up likie a fashion plate, poses, or you can dance the whole soldiers of Christ, who strain evening with girl friends. waited on hand and foot and never every thew and sinew, to preserve doing any hard work. Do your Seventh Commandment: Go in the human family from the dire share of the household duties havoc which would befall it were for some form of outdoor physical generously and well. Let perfecexercises such as swimming, the teachings of the Gospel to be hockey, lacrosse for tennis—but tion be your aim—not merely just flouted and a social order permit- not, boxing or wrestling. But don't getting through them. ted to prevail which spurns no less make a cult of athletics which (Catholic Fineside) the laws of nature than those of would turn you into a hard and God. For Herself, the Church of rough tomboy, devoid of that dai- FORBES-ROBERTSON, ARTIST, ACTOR, CONVERT. Christ, built upon the solid rock, nty feminine charm and gracefulLondon—Eric Forbes-Robertson, has nothing to fear, for she knows ness which are among the special artist and actor, and brother of Sir that the e-ates of hell shall not attributes of your sex. Johnston Forbes-Robertson, noted prevail against Her. Eighth Commandment: Beware theatrical producer, was received "The experience of centuries has of the man who after an acquaint- into the Church shortly before his taught Her that storms, even the ance of only a quarter of an hour death here after a street accident. most violent, pass, leaving Her wants to put his arm about your He was seventy years old. stronger and triumphantly victo- waist. You may take it for granted His pictures were shown at the rious. But Her maternal bosom that he does this by force of habit, Royal Academy and the Paris cannot but be stirred at the and that he is a flirt to be shunned. Salon. His father was John thought of the countless ills which Don't make yourself cheap even to Forbes-Robertson, art critic of tempests of the world occasion to the son of a duke. last century. so many thousands; at the Ninth Commandment: If you As an actor Eric Forbes-Robertthought above all, of the immense have found a really decent boy son played in every annual producspiritual evils which result, en- friend—one who is temperate, tion of "Peter Pan" from its tailing the eternal ruin of so many steady and endowed with good per- beginning, usually as a pirate. souls redeemed by the Blood of sonal qualities—be loyal to him Though forty-nine years old Christ. No stone then must be and don't flit like a butterfly from when the World War broke, he left unturned to avert these grave one boy to another. See to it that persuaded the army authorities misfortwes from human society he calls for you at your house that he was thirty-five and went let. then, all men of good whenever you wish to go out to- to France with the artillery. will stand united.' "I received this Encvclical of Telephone N o . 7843. Pius X I Jonp- *fter I had ordered Father CouehHn to oreach the Doctrines of the Church on the THE VICTORIA CONFECTIONERY & STORE economic and social order. Capitalistic Order Indicted. 71, V i c t o r i a Street, "To summarize the answer to "It is this letter which covered, the first question: I am the in general, the rights and duties SINGAPORE. of all classes of society. It dis- ecclesiastic responsible directly cussed very frankly socialism, for Father Coughlin's work and W e d d i n g Cakes a Speciality communism and capitalism. In he preaches the doctrine laid down for all priests and Bishops to this letter, the Pope levied seven Assorted Cakes M a k e r , T e a P a r t y Supplier, specific indictments against the preach bv the Popes Leo XIII and capitalistic economic order, the Pius X I . Hot and C o l d D r i n k s , etc. "The second question is this: chief of which were, first, the concentration of wealth and, se- What does the imprimatur mean? Proprietor cond, the control of money and Does it mean that you. Bishop JOSEPH CHONG SIN TONG credit in the hands of a few Gallagher, assume responsibility for the opinions of the author? individuals. (To be continued.) (Contd: on next col.)
Catholic Affairs from Far and Near E U R O P E CATHOLIC EXPOSITION MARSEILLES PLANNED. By M . Massiani. Paris.—From May 26 to June 16, Marseille will display to its citizens and visitors an important Catholic exposition, which will occupy the grounds of the Colonial Exposition held in that city some years ago. This year's exposition will be composed of the three following sections: A missionary section intended to show Catholic activities in distant lands and the apostolate among the natives; an artistic diocesan section composed of works of religious art assembled from churches, museums and private homes—modern creations of architecture, sculpture, painting and metal work being displayed beside ancient treasures; a third section dealing with Catholic public welfare works, charitable institutions, religious institutions, professional training schools. Throughout the exposition Marseille wSl be the theatre of historic and artistic representations depicting the history of Marseille —Provencal fetes, sports events, labour and scout demonstrations and the like. Conferences on the leading topics of interest to contemporaneous Catholicism will be held. The Syndicate of Catholic Journalists the International Bureau of Catholic Journalists, and many other professional associations will hold their annual meetings in the city at that time. (N.C.W.C.) IN
selmo as the guest of the Benedictine Abbot Primate. (N.C.W.C.) ON T H E POSITION OF NATIVE WOMEN. IN BRITISH M A N D A T E D TERRITORIES. London.—A memorandum calling attention to the position of native women in mandated territories and asking that their present condition be improved has been presented to the Chairman of the Mandates Commission of the League of Nations, signed by representatives of eight international associations of women. A resolution has likewise been voted by St. Joan's Social and Political A l liance, London, for the League's Advisory Committee of Experts on Slavery urging that all forms of servitude be abolished throughout the British Empire. The members of the Alliance wish that, recognizing the fact that woman is not a chattel to be sold by her father or alleged proprietor, the Government discountenance any practices involving the bartering of women and children for domestic and other forms of bondage. (Fides.)
A M E R I C A ADMIRAL BYRD A N D THE VISITATION NUNS OF BROOKLYN. Brooklyn.—When in 1929 A d miral Byrd was about to set out on his preceding Antarctic expedition, a mutual friend carried to him from the Visitation Nuns of Brooklyn emblems of the Sacred Heart and assurance of the prayers of the community for his welfare and the success of his undertaking. On The Road i o Recovery. After Admiral Byrd's triumphal After an illness care is essential return, he sent to the Visitation during convalescence, to avoid a Nuns two pictures, one a photo of relapse which may have even graver himself and the other a picture of results than the first illness. a stream in whose clear waters t this time the beneficial effect of were reflected a great white cliff ?. Areliable tonic is most pronounced, of the Antarctic region. On the and the early return to complete Byrd j health and strength depends upon latter picture. Admiral wrote: "For Our Own Sisters of I your choice of such a tonic. the Visitation. A study of one of The experience of many thousands God's most beautiful and inspiring of ailing people of all nationalities mysteries.—R. E . Byrd, 1929-30." who have been restored to health is And on the picture of himself, the the best possible proof of the reliability and efficacy of D r . Williams' explorer penned this message: "To Pink Pills, the blood and nerve tonic the Beloved Sisters of the Visita- with a record extending over a period tion whose spirit was always with of more than fifty years. us and whose prayers brought us safely back from the Antarctic.— Dr. Williams Always affectionately, R. E . Byrd
TO IMPROVE TRAINING OF It is interesting to know that SPAIN'S CATHOLIC T E A C H E R S . into the great silence of the AntMadrid.—More than 1,000 tea- arctic Admiral Byrd carried the chers, representing various groups, emblems of the Sacred Heart with assembled at Pamplona at a con- their invocation: "Glory to the ference called by the Association Heart of Jesus. To it be honour of Fathers of Families. They for ever niore." passed resolutions that as many Admiral Byrd is now heading teachers as possible should join north after his second conquest the parents association, that they and the prayers of his friends still should champion the right of Ca- accompany him. (Lumen-Brooktholic parent groups to vote in the lyn Tablet). elections for the school councils * * * * NAZIS B A N O F F E N S I V E . and that there should be a larger POPE HONOURS ARCHBISHOP SONG A F T E R PROTESTS. representation of Catholics on the Amsterdam.—Both Catholics provincial teachers' councils. DIAZ. and Protestants throughout GerThe Association, of Fathers of By Charles Betico. many are protesting against a Families also decided that a series Mexico City.—His Holiness violently anti-Catholic song which of activities for the better trainhas been circulated among Hitler ing of Catholic teachers be under- Pope X I has signally honourYouth groups, according to in- taken. A t Madrid the Bishop has ed the Most Rev. Pascual Diaz, formation received here. As a re- founded the Institution of the Di- Archbishop of Mexico, by naming sult of the protests Nazi officials vine Teacher, to give Catholics him Assistant at the Pontifical have issued a ruling suppressing who will take their place as tea- Throne. (N.C.W.C.) the song. chers in the State schools, a most (N.C.W.C.) complete Catholic training. The Congress agreed to encourage the CATHOLIC N E W S P A P E R A T OSLO H A L T S T E A C H I N G O F founding of such institutions elseCOLOGNE OBSERVES where and to commence one at CHRISTIAN HISTORY. ITS 75th A N N I V E R S A R Y Berlin.—The Norwegian Parlia- Pamplona without further delay. Cologne.—One of the oldest and To develop an adequately trainment has adopted a law whereleading Catholic newspapers of ed body of Catholic teachers, it is by the teaching of Christian the German language territory, history will no longer be included agreed that Spain must have a the Koelnische Volkszeitung, has Catholic University, the graduates in the curricula of the public just celebrated the seventy-fifth schools, according to reports rea- of which would exercise their in- anniversary of its foundation. fluence upon the State univiersities. ching here from Oslo. A special issue with contribu(N.C.W.C.) A first step was made in this tions by prominent Catholic Gerdirection when the Center for University Students was founded man writers, among them Enrica AUTHOR OF 'OLD P L A I D bv the Propagandistas Catholicas. von Handel-Mazzetti, Dolores V i ser, Franz J . Weinrich and FriedS H A W L ' DIES. (Lumen—NCWC.) rich Schnack, was published for - (By N.C.W.C. News Service.) the occasion. MONTHLY MAGAZINE I N London.—Author of "The Old (N.C.W .C.) Plaid Shawl and many other THREE LANGUAGES. * * * * * popular Irish songs, Arthur FOR S W E D E N N O R W A Y A N D 'CRIME HOURS' O N RADIO. Francis Fahy has died here aged DENMARK. 81. He was at one time president FOR C H I L D R E N SCORED. Sigrid Undset Joins Catholic of the Gaelic League of London. (By N.C.W.C. News Service.) Magazine. — Stockholm. — Sigrid Undset, Nobel Prize winner for Boston.—The Christian Science ENGLISH ABBOT NOTES. literature and famous convert to SIXTIETH A N N I V E R S A R Y OF the Catholic Church, has become a Monitor editorially condemns as most harmful the so-called "crime E N T R Y INTO CHURCH. regular contributor to the Catho- hours" over the radio for children. London: Abbot Sir David Hun- lic monthly magazine "Credo", "The resentment against this ter Blair, O.S.B., whose conversion which heretofore was published type of programme is not of the 60 years ago caused a sensation, for Swedish Catholics but has re- negative sort that is received and has just celebrated his diamond cently been transformed into a forgotten with an indifferent jubilee as a Catholic. He went to central organ for Catholics in shrug," the paper asserts. " A n Rome to offer his jubilee Mass in Sweden, Norway and Denmark. embattled parent is a dangerous the Church of St. Alphonsus, An appropriate share of space will adversary for any institution, no be devoted to the languages of matter how big, to face. School where he was received. officials and educators in general He is staying in Rome at the these three countries. (Lumen—NCWC.) have repeatedly emphasized the International College of Sant' A n r
pink PILLS U N V E I L I N G OF A BUST OF F A T H E R ANTONIO FOUNDER OF T H E HOSPICE O F THE S A C R E D H E A R T OF M A R Y AT GOA. Margao, India.—General Craveire Lopes, Governor of Portuguese India, officiated here at the unveiling of a bust of the late Father Antonio, who founded the Hospice of the Sacred Heart of Mary at Goa. Originally established to shelter the destitute and disabled, it has now a large hospital with several wards for the treatment of various diseases. The latest addition to the hospice is a sanitarium for consumptives. It is planned to provide also an asylum for the blind and one for the insane. (Lumen NCWC.) " Alas! if we would but let each day's grace lead us whither it wills, with its gentle step, its kind allurement, and its easy sacrifice, in what a sweetly incredible nearness to the world of saints should we not find ourselves before many years were gone! It was correspondence to grace which was Mary's grandest grace. It is her correspondence to grace which interprets and accounts for her immense holiness. It was her correspondence to grace which made her sanctity congruous to her unparalleled exaltation. If we will be but as faithful to our little graces as she was to her great ones we shall at last draw near to her, or what we may call near, by following her example in this one respect." (Fr. Faber.) demoralizing effects of these programmes. Highly strung children are keyed up to an uncomfortable pitch by radio shrieks and horror stories; and even the most phlegmatic child is apt to have his vocabulary corrupted and his standards warped in formative years by what might well he described as the Children's 'Crime Hour'."
E U R O P E . NEW TESTAMENT A N D P R A Y E R BOOKS In Ninety African Vernacular Languages. Rome.—One and a half million copies of the New Testament and prayer books, in 90 vernacular languages, have been placed in the hands of African Christians by the St. Peter Claver Sodality since its foundation in 1894. The association was begun by the Countess Maria Teresa Ledochowska to aid the missions of Africa. (Fides.) * * * *
and this was regarded by his boy A S I A . A U S T R A L I A . and the chief of his newiy-made FILM S T I M U L A T E S CONVER- MISSIONARY'S E X P E R I E N C E S friends as an evil omen. It was SIONS. AMONG C A N N I B A L S . suspected that the other tribe was going to kill him. A l l that mght Pondur, India.—(N. C. W. C. How A Tribe Was Won Over. Fides) More than 15,000 per- Sydney.—The Rev. Father L . 150 natives, armed with spears, —Christians, Moslems and Chaize, of the Marist Mission So- stood guard over him, and the next Pagans—saw a film on the life of ciety, who is at present in Sydney day he set off, under escort, on the Our Lord which has been shown by on furlough, gave a vivid account way back to the coast. the Franciscan Missionary Bro- of his 24 years' missionary expeStopping War. thers of Mt. Poinsur in 15 villages riences in the wilds of the island Sometimes, said Father Chaize of the Diocese of Mylapore, India, of Bougainville, New Guinea. To- it was necessary to carry a shotduring the last two months. The gether with Fathers Seiller and gun, for self-defence. In the Brothers showed the picture when Griswaor he has dared death on mountains the savages were terriA N IMPORTANT BOOK O N social or political events brought many occasions and by courage, fied at the report of a gun. Many MISSIONOLCGY. the people of many villages to- perseverance, and belief in hisstood still and trembled violently. By Rev. Fr. J. Theuren, S.V.D. gether, and, as a result, several work over the years, 25,000 natives The uncivilised tribes were always Rome.—A study of the methods have been converted to Christiapagan villages have asked for furfighting. Usually it was over ther instruction in the Christian nity. A t present about 15,000 women, or the fact that one chief of religious instruction employed religion. Particular success was cannibals remain on the island. told stories about another chief. by Catholic priests, brothers and reported after the showing of the When he last set off in search Once he prevented a clash between sisters in the Church's missions film in the Kolar Gold-fields. ot a tribe which had never seen a two tribes by rushing in between throughout the world has been white man, Father Chaize took them when they were yelling and compiled by tjie Rev. John Thau* * * * ren, S.V.D. and published by the STUDENTS OF T H E CATHOLIC with him as his guide a native screaming at one another. He was Leo-Gesellschaft of Vienna. It is who admitted shyly that he had warned not to interfere again,, as entitled Die Religiose UnterweiUNIVERSITY OF P E K I N G . often eaten human flesh. they did not want to harm him. sung in den Heidenlandem (ReliA Pilgrimage to Our Lady of "I was armed with nothing but "The natives," said Father gious Teaching in Pagan Lands), Tunglu. a waling stick," Father Chaize Chaize, "do not kill a man to eat, and the contents are based on Peiping.—Accompanied by Fa- said, "As we approached the vil- but having killed a man they do notes contributed by missionary ther Robert Sonderkamp, S. V. D.. lage natives, armed with spears, not hesitate to eat him out of leaders in Asia, Africa, the islands Rev. Dr. John B. Fu, S.V.D. and were lurking in the bushes and vengeance." of the Pacific and the remote disProfessor Chao Erh-chien, appro- trees. They could not be seen, but tricts of North and South Unwanted Children. ximately 20 students of the Catho- by instinct we knew that they America. Accompanied by Father Grislic University of Peking left here were there. I expected them to The book shows the complex naFriday morning, May, 3, for the rush out at us at any moment, but waort, Father Chaize Vvent to the ture of the missionary activity of famous shrine of Our Lady of they allowed us to walk into their island from France in 1911. Father the Catholic Church which must Seiller had been there 10 years be- adapt itself to the mentalities of Tunglu, near Paotingfu, Hopei. village. They were cordially welcomed by "Finally, when the natives saw fore. There were 40,000 savages new Christians with widely differthe parish priest, Father J . M . that I meant no harm they sur- there then. Today the population ing customs and characteristics Tremorin, C M . , and among others rounded me, and curiously, but was about the same, but only and it illustrates the methods used by H . E . Bishop Joseph Chow, V i - cautiously, examined my body. about 15,000 were uncivilised. The in lands of an ancient culture, like car Ap. of Paotingfu, who hap- They had never seen a white man, missionaries lived on sweet pota- China, India and Japan, and the pened to be present with a group and they were amazed at my skin. toes, taros, pigeons, and fish. means devised by missionaries to of pilgrims. Father Chaize highly praised instruct the primitive races of They lifted up my shirt and poked Next morning Father Sonder- and pinched the skin on my chest, the work of the Government ad- Oceania and Africa. kamp was invited to celebrate a back and arms unable to beleive ministration which, he said, was A work related to this subject, Solemn High Mass. During the their eyes. The only time in my doing splendid work in opening up the Catechismus Symbolicus by course of the day various visits life when I have shivered in my the islands and controlling the Canon A . Bournan of Prinsenhage, were made to the shrine for devo- boots was when the big chief came natives. The mission was given Holland, has appeared recently. It tions in common and a tour of along and felt the fat on my arms every assistance. Roads were be- is a system of teaching religion inspection of the schools of Tunglu and legs, and remarked in his na- ing built. A hospital had been for use in missionary institutes was also made. The pilgrims re- tive tongue, " B i g fat feller." I established for civilised natives. and catechists schools where fuluctantly took leave Sunday morn- honestly thought my last hour had The doctors went through the vil- ture teachers are being trained. It ing after Mass and were back in come and I had visions of being lages periodically to givq injections is based on the Catechism written the metropolis in the afternoon. and treatment, and to take a cen- by Cardinal Gasparri and consists put into the proverbial pot." Pilgrimages to Tunglu date Father Chaize said after produ- sus of the natives. A tfirsttheof a series of 143 symbolical drawfrom the time of the Boxer Upris- cing his usual "box of tricks"— natives were afraid of the medi- ings which illustrate the various ing and are assuming constantly matches, pocket-knives, and mir- cine, but now they went to the points of Catholic doctrine and greater proportions. About 25,000 rors—he felt more at ease, as the hospital and asked for it. Scores practice. A suplementary Latin pilgrims visit the shrine every attention of the cannibals was of native babies who other wise text explains how the symbols are year. In 1900 the Boxers launch- directed from him to other curio- would have been killed or allowed to be used in class work. (Fides) * * * * ed forty fierce attacks against the sities. The natives regarded him to die, had been saved by the misvillage without success. Ihey af- as a friend, after he distributed sion. It was the custom of a NOTED PATROLOGY terwards reported having se^n an mirrors and matches, which they mother when twins were born to AUTHORITY DIES. apparition of a great white lady childishly played, with for hours. kill one of the babies, because two " Munich.—The Rev. Dr. Bertram hovering protectingly over the Once or twice a manfingeredF a - children were " too much for her Otto Bardenhewer, Protonotary place. (Lumen.) to care for." Natives had been enther Chaize's spectacles to see if Apostolic and Professor of the Ca* * * * they were part of his face, but couraged to bring unwanted babies tholic Theological Faculty of this to the mission.—Reuter. LAZARIST F A T H E R S C E L E - the priest managed to hold on to University, died at the age of * * * * B R A T E T H E 150TH A N N I V E R - them. 84. He was recognized the world Father Chaize said he remained SARY OF T H E I R A R R I V A L I N over as an authority of patrology. with the tribe for three days. On YOUNGEST P R E L A T E IN T H E His works have been translated WORLD? CHINA. the third day members of another into many languages. (N.C.W.C) Peiping.—On May 8 occurred tribe visited the village. They conArchbishop is 35. the 150th anniversay of the arri- stantly smiled and laughed at him, Perth.—The Rt. Rev. Dr. Prendival of the sons of St. Vincent in ville B.A., successor to Archbishop Scouting Interest. the Celestial Empire. The first many years. At noon H . E . Mgr. Clune, is 35 years of age and is Dr. Prendiville has interested contingent, which arrived in 1785, Paul Montaigne, C M . , Vicar Apo- probably the youngest Roman Cahimself for a number of years in comprised two priests and one stolic of Peiping, gave a dinner tholic Archbishop in the world. the organisation of Roman CathoBrother. They were fraternally attended by the priests and Bro- Born in County Kerry, Ireland, he welcomed by the Jesuits, with thers of the Congregation and was educated at St. Brendan's lic Boy Scouts. He led a continwhom they lived for some time many invited guests. During the Seminary, Killarney, and graduat- gent to Sydney for the Eucharisand by whom they were presented course of the banquet, H . E . Arch- ed as Bachelor of Arts at the tic Congress in September, 1928. Recognised as an all-round to the Emperor. Thus began the bishop Mario Zanin, Apostolic De- National University of Ireland in athlete he was a member of the century and a half of Vincentian legate to China, felicitated the 1921. Kerry team which won the Irish missionary endeavour in China Vincentians on their anniversary He studied thelogy at A l l Hal- football championship in 1924. which has come to such splendid and excellent record of mission The Mother Prioress of the fruition. accomplishments. Bishop Mon- low's, Dublin, and St. Peter's College, Wexford, Ireland, where Dominican Convent at Dongarra is taigne replied in a brief speech. The anniversary was quietly obAmong those present was the he was ordained in 1925. In the his sister. Dr. Prendiville was apserved in Peiping, where the members of the Congregation said Rev. Father Peter Toung, rector same year he came to Australia pointed Coadjutor-Archbishop in and since then has been attached July, 1933, and his consecration their Masses in thanksgiving to of the Cathedral parish, who was to St. Mary's Cathedral staff. He took place at St. Mary's Cathedral able to recall the centenary celebaDivine Providence for the many was appointed Administrator in in October 22 of that year. graces vouchsafed during these tion fifty years ago, when he was 1929. still a seminarian. (Lumen.) (Reuter). (Contd: on next Col.) sons
SPORTS NOTES CATHOLICS IN T H E LIMELIGHT (By Our Own Correspondent.)
CRICKET The Rest cricket side captained by H . N . Balhetchet scored a memorable victory over the Europeans by 122 runs. The Catholic representatives performed very creditably as the following statistics will show. H . Boon "scored 24 and 13; H . N . Balhetchet 4 and 25; Chia Keng Hock was run out for 0 and then made 26; N . Sullivan made 3 but did not bat later. Among the bowlers Sullivan took 1 for 19 in 11 overs and 4 for 12 in 12 overs. Balhatchet obtained 1 wicket for 11 runs in 5 overs. The fielding of our four. Catholics was outstanding. Mr. Ignatius proved a very efficient umpire and Mr. C. Eber a painstating scorer. After the game the Singapore cricket side to meet the Negri Sembilan X I at Singapore on the 8, 9 and 10 inst. was selected. Chia Keng Hock, an obvious choice, was not available for cricket, because of his selection to lead the attack in the Singapore soccer team's fixture against the Negri Sembilan at Seremban on the 8th inst. This is the first Malaya Cup game for Singapore this season. H . N . Balhetchet, H . Boon, and N . Sullivan were selected.
urday June 1st. Only two Catholics in the persons of P. de Souza and R. Leon (captain) were chosen to defend the "Settlement's'; honour. The former proved to be a dangerous customer when in possession of the leather. A goal was had with the aid of his through pass. Malacca eventually lost by five goals to one. M.V.C. Sports. One the same day at 2 p.m the M.V.C. sports was run on the Govt. School Padang. A . Fernandis, who lately left the school won two events. He was first for the 100 and 220 yards flat. C. Rodrigues, an all rounder who rendered Yeoman service to the Brother's School last season at cricket, hockey and athletics, was individual champion, winning two events—the broad jump and the pole vault. The former with the assistance of H.M. de Souza (Jr.), A. de Witt and A . Sta. Maria won the "Inter-Coy Relay Cup." Other successful competitors for the afternoon were A . Minjoot, 0. Cafvalho and C. Carvalho. The Eurasians annexed inter-company honours.
NOTICE TO CATHOLIC SPORTSMEN. The Sports Secretary of the * * * * Anthony of the Singapore Christian Brother's Old Boys' AsF.M.S. Railways was one of the sociation, Mr. M . A . Wyatt, is two batsman to reach double arranging a few soccer, and cricket figures against the Medical College games to be played before the Union last Monday. His score of conclusion of the respective sea15 was invaluable but could not sons. He has already quite a respectable list of names but would stave off defeat. be glad to hear from all Old Boys of the Christian Brothers who may care to play either or both of these Congratulations must be pre- games. If this catches the eyes sented to St. John's Institution of of those concerned, they are reKuala Lumpur for so handsomely quested to communicate as scon as defeating the Victoria Institution possible to Mr. M . A . Wyatt, St. at cricket on the V.I. ground on Anthony's Boys' School, Victoria Saturday. A win of 8 wickets is Street. certainly decisive. B . Ponniah, took 4 V.I. wickets for 45 runs. G O L F COMPETITION. Felix de Silva, the fine Negri Congratulations to Mr. C. A . R. batsman, compiled a magnificent Bateman who has just won the 71 runs for the N.S. Club against May Medal Golf Competition at the Selangor Rovers last week end. the Island Club. Mr. F . R. Martens His team was all out for 123 runs. was runner up. Their returns His brother Laurence went one were 78, 8, 70 and 82, 11, 71 resbetter and amassed 81 runs not pectively. out, thus helping the Rangers to • • • * # win. BOXING. * * • * Tony Canzoneri has received A . R. Chapman also of Seremban was in good form w i t h the bat high praise at the hands of against the Tampin side last week. 'Leighton' of the Straits Times His 42 out of 136 was a deciding and we heartily agree with the expressions so aptly penned about factor in his side's victory. this wonderful Italian-American boxer. He is once again champion lightWe are pleased to be able to announce that Andrew Sandham, weight of the world. He is now Surrey's opening batsman, com- matched to fight kid Berg in Lonpiled 110 runs for his County don. against Somerset.
SOCCER. In the Negri Sembilan soccer side to play Singapore on Saturday at Seremban are: R. Newman and G. Pinto.
In a 15 round fight for the world's middle weight championship as recognised by the International Boxing Union, Marcel Thil of France retained his title by beating Ignacio A r a of Spain. * * * *
A N A L L ROUND A T H L E T E In spite of threatening weather HERE. earlier in the afternoon, a good Young Gabriel Windsor, all crowd went to see the H.M.S. Malaya Cup Match between Malacca round athlete, has returned to and the Combined Services on Sat- Singapore after a year at the
TIGER E E
Hongkong University and a year at the Aurora University of Shanghai. In both cities he won a number of prizes for swimming and athletics, and made quite a name for himself at soccer, cricket and billiards. His stay here will be a decided acquisition to local sport.
F A R E W E L L TO Mr. G. P. B R A D N E Y . Mr. G. P. Bradney, Auditor. S.S. and F.M.S., is about to leave Malaya on retirement. He will be in Singapore for a few days before leaving for home by the Antenor on June 12th. Besides being a devout Catholic, Mr. Bradney was also a very keen member of the Catholic Action Society of Kuala Lumpur. He and Mrs. Bradney are being entertained at a series of farewell functions in K. L . where he was an ideally popular chief. He is President of the Selangor Football League and of the Co-operative movement. His departure will be a tremendous loss to the Catholic Commu-
nity in Malaya, but we are sure that he has more than earned his rest after 20 very arduous years of service in Malaya. We wish him and his wife God's choicest blessings. r
The past and present members of the Asiatic staff of the F.M.S. Audit Department gave a farewell dinner on last Saturday evening in honour of Mr. G. P. Bradney at the Station Hotel. A n address printed on silk and framed in Malayan pewter was first read and then presented to him. He was the guest at dinner on Monday evening of the Selangor Government Servants' Co-operative Thrift and Loan Society. On Wednesday last a farewell tea party was given by the Selangor Asssociation Football League at the S.C.R.C.
Captain F. Harmer, a retired member of the S.S. Police is now living at Purley, England. He is a Catholic.
M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , SATURDAY, Sth JUNE, 1935.
Catholics in the Public Eye (By Our Own Corrsepondent). SENATOR MARCONI'S LATEST INVENTION.
ARCHBISHOP OF TRIVANDRUM'S SCHEME.
Senator Marconi, the wireless wizard, is experimenting with ultra short wireless waves, and has had results which appear to have surpassed anticipations. He has just performed his experiments at the Boccea Fort, near Rome, before Signor Mussolini. It is inferred that Marconi has produced a ray capable of putting the electric equipment of internal combustion engines out of commission. We can scarcely credit the suggestion that Marconi is perfecting a weapon of destruction for he is a devout catholic and a believer in Peace. By the way this master inventor- is paternally Italian and maternally Irish. He has received many and distinguished Papal honours.
Mar Ivanios Catholic Archbishop of Trivandrum, has purchased the Salvation Army Dispensary Buildings and premises for his Medical Mission Scheme. A Mar Thomite priest was converted a few days ago, and it is hoped a few more clergymen will cover over in the immediate future.
MR. B . V . M A R T I N GETS $100 A W A R D FROM MUNICIPALITY. The $100 award for the best design for street decorations in connection with the Jubilee celebrations offered by the Singapore Municipality has been won by Mr. B. V . Martin, a Catholic and an old Josephian of Singapore. Only 27 years of age, Martin is a member of the Architectural Association and of the Royal Institute of British Architects. He had intended to conform to strict economy in his designs. Large round scaffolding poles, clothed in flag material, embracing frontal and perspective views were his main schemes. He was also paying particular attention to illumination. He meant to divide the route from Finlayson Green to Government House into four sections, each of which would be differently but harmoniously decorated. Many agree with Mr. Martin in his disappointment over the Melbourne decorations. Mr. Martin took more than a month to make his plans. We heartily congratulate him and wish him and Mrs. Martin good luck. DE V A L E R A ' S N E W MOVE. Mr. De Valera, Head of the Irish Free State government, plans to abolish the office of GovernorGeneral in the present financial year. N A T I V E OF MADAGASCAR PROPOSED FOR BEATIFICATION? The diocesan canonical process relating to the virtues and miracles of a native woman of Madagascar, named Victoria Rasoamanarivo, has been completed. She was a woman of holy life who died in 1894. She is to be proposed for beatification. POPE CONFERS R A R E PRIVIL E G E ON K I N G LEOPOLD III. The Pope has conferred on King Leopold III, the privilege enjoyed by his father, of being mentioned by name in the Canon of the Mass by all priests celebrating Mass in Belgium. He is the only Soverign to enjoy this privilege.
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* * * MARRIAGE. Beven—Farquharson.
MARRIAGE IN PROSPECT. The marriage will take place on June 8th at the Cathedral of the The marriage took place on Good Shepherd of Sylvia GeneSaturday at the Cathedral of the vieve, youngest daughter of Mrs. Good Shepherd of Mr. Arthur M. G. Bacon and the late Mr. G. Beven, the well-known Malayan Bacon of Singapore and Willem amateur jockey and son of Mrs. Barend Kruysmulder, son of Mrs. L . Beven, to Miss Sophia Farqu- W. C. Kruysmulder and the late harson, daughter of Inspector and Mr. B. Kruysmulder of Holland. Mrs. F. Farquharson. Rev. Father Maury officiated. A reception was held at Brae- L T . A . F . CORNELIUS PROMOTTED. mount, Pearl's Hill, the residence Lt. A . F . Cornelius, S.S.V.F. has of the bride's father. The toast of the newly—married couple was been appointed Acting Captain nroposed by Mr. H . A . Forrer. The while Second in Command of the honeymoon is being spent at D. Company (Eurasians) S.V.C. Penang. * *4 * * * B R A Z I L I A N AMBASSADOR TO * * # * ENGLAND. M R . F . H . GRUMMITT TO ACT AS B E L G I A N CONSUL. The Brazilian Ambassador to Mr. F. H . Grummitt has been England, as the doyen of the appointed to act as Belgian Consul Diplomatic Corps read the address at Penang with jurisdiction cover- to King George at St. James's ing Province Wellesley, Peril's, Palace, on the occasion of the Kedah. Kelantan and Trengganu levee arranged in Jubilee Week, as well. when His Majesty received all the members of the Corps. * * * * * * * * * BISHOP C E L E B R A T E S SACERT H E HON. A R T H U R HOPE. DOTAL DIAMOND J U B I L E E . M.P., M.C. Bishop Hugh MacSherry, the 83 years old Vicar Apostolic of the Captain, the Hon.- Arthur O. J . Eastern Vicariate of the Cape of Hope, M.P., M.C. has been appointGood Hope, celebrated recently ed an Assistant whip to the .Govthe Diamond Jubilee of his priest- ernment. He is the eldest son of hood. Mgr. MacSherry was born Lord Rankeillour, formerly De, at Armagh in Ireland. puty Speaker of the House of * * * * * Commons and Chairman of Committees. Both father and son are MR. R. TESSENSOHN J.P., C.H. Catholics. Mr. R. Tessensohn J.P. has been * * * * awarded a Certificate of Honour SIR MICHAEL K E ANE. as a King's Birthday Aw ard in recognition of his loyal and valuSir Michael Keane, Governor of able services to the Government of Assam, has been granted four the Straits Settlements. He has months' leave of absence for been' a Municipal Commissioner family reasons. He is an Irishman for 8 years. He has been on the aged 61. He has been Governor visiting Committee of the General since 1932. Hospital, and the Mental Hospital, « * * * • while he is also a member of the 4,400 POLICEMEN R E C E I V E Education Board. He is the PreCOMMUNION. sident of the S.R.C. and the Eurasian Association. He is a warden Some 4,400 policemen received of the Cathedral of the Good Holy Communion at the annual Shepherd. He was educated at mass in St. Patrick's Cathedral, St. Joseph's Institution and Raf- New York. Cardinal Hayes, Arch fles Institution. chbishop of New York celebrated the Mass. * • * * A U S T R A L I A N PREMIER SILVER OLIVE B R A N C H AS OPENS A P P L E SEASON. PEACE MEMENTO/ Mr. J. H . Lyons, Catholic PreAn olive branch in Solid Silver, mier of the Australian Commonwealth, opened this month at offered to the Holy Father by the Australia House, London, the Aus- Italian children of the Eucharistralian Apple season. / H e has tic Crusade was sent by the Pope made himself extremely popular to Our Lady of Lourdes where it in England and is at present holi- will be preserved as a cherished daying in Ireland, his native land. memento of the Triduum. T
SIR, R. O. WINSTEDT. Our heartiest congratulations to Sir R. O. Winstedt, late General, Adviser, Johore on his being honoured by the King with a K . B . E . It is indeed a unique distinction that has been conferred on one who has distinguished himself as a great scholar, educationist and administrator. Our tacit hope that he will be in for a knighthood in the King's Birthday Honours List has transpired aright. * * * • A G R E A T PATRIOT. Marshal Pilsudski is mourned as a national hero throughout Poland. He brought his country through the most critical years of its new birth as an independent nation and he lived to see the new Constitution promulgated. He was a Catholic.
A N E W CONVERT. Mr. J . Lutchmaya, formerly of the Protestant Society for the propagation of the Gospel has been received into the Catholic Church and baptised at Bombay. He worked for 5 years in London. T H E L A T E P A P A L NUNCIO TO HOLLAND. The Papal Nuncio to Holland, Archbishop Schioppa, died at the Hague, aged 64. One of the pall bearers at his funeral was the Dutch Prime Minister, Dr. Colijn, a non-Catholic. * * * * MARCHESE PACELLI, BROTHER OF CARD. P A C E L L I . Marchese Pacelli, brother of Cardinal Pacelli, the Pope's Secretary of State, died in Rome at the age of 60. He was one of the Chief Agents in negotiating the Lateran Treaty which established the Vatican State in 1929. He was a distinguished lawyer. * • * * FR. D'ARCY S. J . E N V I S A G E S BRITISH ROMEWARD MOVE. Father Martin D'Arcy, S. J., who is visiting the U.S.A. on a lecture tour says that British intellectuals are entering the Church in greater numbers than at any time since the Oxford movement of a Century ago. The reason he ascribes to a growing realization that England must choose between Communism and Catholicism.
SINGAPORE ST. JOSEPH'S C H U R C H BAPTISMS. June 2, Basil Bernard de Silva, born on the 20th May, son of Eric Frederick de Silva and of Irene de Silva. God-parents: Rupert Abraham de Silva and Norah Rodrigues. DEATH. June 3, Charlotte Hendricks, widow, aged 75, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Vincent Beins, of Malacca. MARRIAGES. June 8, Harold Emmanuel de Souza, son of Joseph de Souza and of Emily Frois. to Harriet Marion Grosse, daughter of Jovita Harry Grosse and of Leonilda Rozario. SINGAPORE S I L V E R J U B I L E E OF T H E C H U R C H OF T H E SACRED HEART. 1910 - 1935. Members and well-wishers of th<e Church of the Sacred Heart Are informed that the 25th Anniversary of our Church will fall on the 11th September, 1935. It has been decided to celebrate this Jubilee on Sunday, the 8th September, 1935,. and for thia purpose a Committee has been elected to devise plans for the celebration and to. collect funds. lit order to celebrate the Silver Jubilee in a fitting manner it has been decided. (a) To have the Church whitewashed, painted, and the ceiling repaired, etc. (b) To hold a reception after Mass. '(c) Group Photograph. (d) Refreshments. (e) Cinema Entertainments in the evening. All parishioners are, therefore, kindly requested to contribute liberally in order to make this Junction a success. Rev. Joseph Sy. P A R I S H PRIEST. Singapore, Dated 30th May, 1935. Committee. Chee Ngian Hee, Chan Yee Lim, Lee Seng, Choong Yeok Chin, Wong Foon Onn, Sew Seet Yong, Hon Che Phin, Wong Feh Choong and Lee A h Mun. PENANG R E V . F A T H E R VICTOR M A R I E RENARD. Early in the morning of the 29th. May passed away, in Penang General Hospital, the revered and lamented Pastor of Pulo Tikus Church, the Rev. Father Victor Marie Renard. The attendance of no less than 2,000 Catholics at his funeral, on the same day, at Pulo Tikus cemetery, testifies to the high esteem in which he was held by his parishioners of the Immaculate Conception and members of other congregations. The Rev. Father J.-B. Souhait, assisted by the clergy from Penang, Kedah, ProvinceWellesley and Perak, presided at the obsequies.
Photograph Showing Rev. F r . Renard As The Central Figure. On Friday, 31st., a solemn Pontifical Requiem High Mass by H . Exc Bishop A . Devals was celebrated for the repose of his soul, at which fervent prayers and Holy Communions in great numbers were offered for the same intention. To Rev. Father Renard, w ho was 69 at the time of his death, and who spent 44 years of missionary life in Malaya, can be applied the words of St. Paul to Timothy: "I am even now ready to be sacrificed and the time of my dissolution is at hand. I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept my faith. As to the rest, there is laid up for me a crown of justice, which the Lord the just Judge, will render to me in that day." r
Our dear Father Renard has fallen on the battlefield, at his post, performing his duties until the last moment. Two days before his death, when his strength failed and he could no more stand on his legs, then only he consented to be taken to hospital where he arrived only to receive the last Sacraments and to make the supreme sacrifice. R*ev. Father Renard came out to Malaya in 1891. After some years of training and study of local languages, namely of English and Tamil, with Bishop Gasnier as a teacher, he occupied successively several positions in Singapore, Penang and Taiping. In 1898, he was sent as Parish Priest to the church of St. John, Kuala Lumpur. He worked in that town during 25 years. He extended and rebuilt St. Johns Church, founded St. John's Institution, assisted in the erection of the Holy Rosary and St. Anthony's churches and many other chapels in the State of Selangor. Meanwhile he was appointed J.P. In 1923, his health failed. He had. therefore, to rest in France
for a whole year. On his return, he was appointed to Pulo Tikus where he spent the last ten years of his strenuous missionary life. His numberless Spiritual Children, scattered over the whole of Malaya, will not forget their most loved and devoted Father in their prayers. "Give him, O Lord, the Eternal repose." A. D. * * * * * RESIDENCY A T HOME. Dr. and Mrs. Smith, Mr. and Mrs. V . C. Nolan, and M r . and Mrs. C. C. Stewart were among the guests and members of the Jubilee Committees who attended the " A t Home" given by the Hon: The Resident Councillor and Mr. F. H . Grumitt at The Residency on the 25th instant. Over 50 tables were laid out on the lawns and about 200 persons were present. They were received by the hosts as they arrived. Two speeches were made, one by the Resident Councillor and another by the Hon: Mr. F. H . Grumitt. The Municipal Band was in attendance and rendered several musical selections which were greatly enjoyed. â€˘ â€˘ * * * TWO N E W SCHOOLS FOR BOYS A T BUTTERWORTH A N D A L O R STAR. The 16th of January 1933 saw the opening of a Catholic Boy's School in Butterworth. It had been the earnest wish of His Lordship the Bishop to have such a school and through the help of the Lady Superior of the Convent, Penang, who provided the initial enrolment of 49 boys from the St. Theresa's Convent, a satisfactory beginning was ensured. The school was named the Assumption School. It was a building just tolerable for a school. The desks were kindly supplied by
Rev: Bro. Paul, Director of the St. Xavier's Institution, Penang. The staff at first consisted of two teachers, Mr. K . Nishikawa being in charge. During the course of the year addition was made to the staff due to the increase in the enrolment. Though in its first year the school held different functions. The Annual Sports was successfully carried out. The year ended with an Exhibition of the pupils' work. The excellent exhibits displayed were commented upon by the District Officer and his wife. The next year the school suffered the loss of its headmaster who was transferred to Alor Star to be in charge of St. Michael's School, another of the schools founded by His Lordship. The vacancy was filled by his brother. The enrolment increased steadily during the year. The Annual Sports and the Exhibition were successful events. The boys were examined by the Rev. Brothers of the St. Xavier's Institution and they reported very favourably on the standard of work achieved. This year, the third year of the school's existence the enrolment has reached 95. Many Catholic children were enrolled and of these, eight will be receiving their First Holy Communion. Owing to the increase in the number of the pupils the accommodation is rather inadequate. A bigger and a more suitable building is necessary. A building to be used both as a school and a chapel has been designed. To meet the expenses funds are needed and an appeal is made to the generosity of the readers to help a good cause. Donations could be forwarded to Rev: Fr: J. B. Souhait, Assumption Church, Penang. MALACCA. Trie Late Sr. St. Paul. Sr. St. Paul whose sad death was recorded in our last issue came to Malaya in December, 1921 and on February of the following year was sent to Malacca Convent where she laboured till she was called away for her eternal reward. Her activities extended to the care of boarders and the handling of teaching in the Cambridge classes which she did with a great measure of success. She was a lady of singular charm, genuine sincerity and had a systematic thoroughness in all her undertakings. Her devotion to duty, attachment to her pupils and charitable disposition towards the poorer ones, marked her out as a mother, ready to share the joys and sorrows of those under her care. Prior to her arrival in Malacca in 1922 she had had (Contd: on page 19)
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T H E PARISHES.
MALACCA. (Contd: from page 18) teaching experience in England, Ireland and France. This proven experience served as an asset in her to give of her best to the children and also to draw out the best from them. Illness. She suddenly took ill on the morning of 16th May, although the day before she did her work with her usually cheerful and gay manner. There was a turn for the worse in her illness the following day, so she was taken to the hospital where the doctors deemed an operation necessary. After receiving the Last Sacraments on 23rd May she was operated on 24th May, but passed away very peacefully on the 26th at 4.30 a.m. in the hospital, in the presence of Rev. Fr. Ashness, Rev. Mother St. Tarcissius, Srs. St. Patrick, Theodore, a hospital sister and two nurses. Funeral. A very large attendance from all parts of Malacca and Johore including her present and past pupils testified to the esteem and popularity of the deceased nun. The Inspector of schools heads of other schools, teachers and pupils of all the Malacca Schools were present. Rev. Father de Silva took the remains from the convent to the Church where His Lordship, B i shop Devals gave the Absolution after which Rev. F r . Francos assisted by the priests of the Portuguese Mission conducted the service at the graveside. The coffin was borne by the teachers of St. Francis Institution and the High School. Many hundreds, both big and small, walked the whole way from the convent to the church and cemetry. The coffin was profusely covered with wreaths and a large number of offerings for masses have been received.
Father Victor Renard, Vicar of the Church of the Immaculate Conception, Pulau Tikus. We cannot forget that the late Rev. Father was the First resident Parish Priest in charge of the Tamil congregation at Taiping during the years 1894 to 1896. Among his numerous activities in the early days for the welfare of his flock we may mention that during that period, short as it was, he acquired a land with a bungalow on it, in that part of the town now occupied by the Railways and opened the first English School, known as the St. Michael's Anglo-Indian School, for the Catholic Boy's at Taiping. This piece of land together with the building were later acquired by the Government for Railway purposes and the greater portion of the present Catholic Mission land was given in exchange by the Perak Government. A Requiem High Mass will be sung for the repose of his soul next week and no doubt a large number of the Parishioners will attend the service and receive Holy Communion and pray for the departed Soul of the Rev. Father. The late Rev. Father was almost a regular Visitor to Taiping especially during the annual feast of St. Louis. *
The month of May Devotions ended on the evening of the 31st May, 1935. A t 5.30 p.m. after Rosary and Spiritual reading about the Blessed Virgin Mary, a short procession with the Statue of the Blessed Virgin round the Church took place, followed by the Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament in the Church. The attendance was good in spite of the bad weather that prevailed. * * * * We are glad to welcome on his return from leave Mr. Geo Leo the Hon. Secretary of the St. Louis Catholic Association, Taiping.
TAMPIN. H. E. Mgr. A . Devals D.D. BishM.V.C. Rifle Shooting at Malacca, op of Malacca, while en route from Penang to Tampin to perform the (By Rio.) ceremonies in connection with the Inspite of the fact that the week-end was occupied witn train- Blessing and Dedication of St. Philomena's Church visited Kuala ing at the Headquarters, our Ca- Lumpur. He was the guest of the tholic Members of the M.V.C. Rev. Father Girard and on SaturBattalion Rifle Association attend- day morning the 1st June, 1935, ed the month of May competition, said Mass in the Church of the which took place at 200, 500 and Holy Rosary where the Sodalisfc 600 yards (H.P.S. .303) at Bukit and many of the faithful attended Sebukor Rifle Range, Malacca, in same. the afternoon of Sunday 26th May. * * * * The early shower did not last PERSONALIA. long and shooting was In good Mr. Paul Chang, an aspirant of light. the Catholic Action Society of the The following are the scores:— Church of the Holy Rosary and a 200 500 600 Nett H'cap pupil of St. John's Institution P. P. de Rozario 24 20 21 65 95 Kuala Lumpur gained a ScholarB. W. Frois .. 19 26 27 72 93 ship and will shortly join the F. L . Lopez .. 19 18 19 56 92 Raffles College, Singapore for a J. Sequerah . . 21 15 16 52 73 period of three years for soecial W. J . A . Rogers 8 15 15 38 68 studies; while Mr. J. B. Bong, P. C. Madrigal 14 15 3 32 62 Press Correspondent of the Society B. Zazardias . . 25 4 18 47 — and a leading F.M.S. tennis player C G. Rodrigues 6 13 8 27 is leaving for Sarawak on a wellThe last two names were new earned 3 months' furlough. The entrants. It is reasonably believ- office bearers and members of the ed that one of our Catholic mem- Catholic Action Society of the bers will be a winner either in the Holy Rosary wish him bon voyage and a safe return. nett or Handicap. TAIPING. Church of St. Louis. On Ascension Day, our Parish Priest, during the Mass, announced to the greatest surprise and dismay the unexpected death on the Previous day at Penang of the Rev.
Some of the Guests at the Holy Innocents English
IPOH. EMPIRE D A Y . Lourdes' English School, Ipoh. The Lourdes English school, Ipoh was the venue of the Empire Day celebration on May 24th.
Bun Eating Race
The children were gathered round a flagstaff arranged for the occasion. The scouts of the Third Ipoh Troop were in attendance also. Sharp at 9.45 a.m. the Rev. Father J. Edmond arrived in a car. He was received at the entrance by the Headmaster Mr. J . Emmanuel. The Scouts and the Children were brought to attention and the Rev. Father took the salute. I a brief speech the Rev. Father explained how the Empire was formed and he advised them to work hard and study their daily lessons well and become good citizens of the Empire. The Rev. Father then read the message of the King and Queen after which the national Anthem was sung by all the Children. . Before the closing of the school for the day, the Rev. Father visited all the class rooms and the children were then given a holiday that day. *
Empire Day. Empire Dav was celebrated with due solemnity at St. Michael's Institution. Ipoh. The Scout Troop of the School turned out on
parade—the other boys formed a square in front of the flag-staff. The salute was taken by Rev. Bro. Director Dositheus, who then read out two messages—one from Earl Jellicoe, G.C.B., O.M., G.C.V.O., President of the Empire Day Movement and the other from H.M. the King. The gathering dispersed after singing the National Anthem. * * * * Personal. Mr. R. R. Skelchy, Clerk of Works, P.W.D., Ipoh, is the^ happy recipient of a Silver Jubilee Medal. Young wife — : "Mother, I can't live with Arthur. He made faces at me and told me to go to the devil." Mother — : "And what did you do?" Young wife — : "I came right home to you of course." Customer: 'Those eggs you sent me were stale." Grocer: "How do you know?" Customer: " A little bird told me."
PUBLISHED WEEKLY. 20 Pages.
SINGAPORE SATURDAY, 8th J U N E ,
A DISTINGUISHED ASSEMBLAGE of Church Dignitaries for the Peace Triduum at Lourdes
A E O V E IS A GROUP PHOTOGRAPH OF ARCBISHOPS, BISHOPS A N D P R E L A T E S WITH HIS E M I N E N C E THE CARDINAL LEGATE
Sisters going out visiting the poor and sick at Mukah, Sarawak.
(CARD. P A C E L L I )
AS T H E C E N T R A L FIGURE.
Group of orphans, under the charge of the Sisters at St. Anthony's Convent. Mukah. Sarawak.
Published by Rev. F r . C r d o n and Printed by Lithographer, Limited. 37/38, W.IHch Street, Singapore,