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CATHERINE NG


01 / URBAN AGRICULTURE CENTER

04 / HIGH-RISE MIXED USE BUILDING

02 / MIDWEST LACROSSE CENTER

05 / REDEFINING URBAN DENSITY

03 / MID-RISE HOSPITAL HOUSING

06 / LIMITLESS TOWERS: MURPHY/JAHN

07 / DJA-4: MURPHY/ JAHN


01. URBAN AGRICULTURAL CENTER SPRING 2008 - WOOD CONSTRUCTION

OVERVIEW. At the corner of Clybourn and Division, sits a relative urban anomaly, a City Farm. City Farm is a model of urban reclaimation that can be applied to temporary sites. It represents a cycle of reclaiming vacant land for the purpose of productive farming, selling fruits and vegetables on site while raising awareness for agriculture in an urban setting. Eventually, when the lot regains value by adjacent urban renewal, the garden community will either fold or be transferred to the next best parcel of undervalued land. Collaborative venues have emerged over the years to support urban agriculture which link education, social change, environmental practices and institutional expertise. Under the stewardship of the Chicago Botanic Garden, a proposal will be made to locate a permanent agricultural center on the site of Division, Kingsbury and the North Branch of the Chicago River.

JUXTAPOSITION The connotations of farmland have always been down to earth, rural and dirty. This is juxtaposed and constrasted with the pristine and showcasing nature of musuems.


SITE ANALYSIS

SOUTH VIEW OF DOWNTOWN CHICAGO

CHICAGO RIVER

OFFICES / FACTORIES

PROPOSED SITE

GAS STATION

PROPOSED SITE

OFFICES / FACTORIES

CONCEPT

SHOWCASE OF NATURE

In order to approach farming in a new way, it is seen as the main exhibit for this center. Gallery spaces are represented by the main building, farmlands are seen as sculptural gardens, and having the building span across the site allows for various viewports and platforms. The sense of openess creates multiple ways to experience the landscape below. The land is divided such that it follows the contours of the site, and the slight undulation compares to a pedistool for a masterpiece. The poetic tones are echoed in the simplistic design of the building, and the farmland becomes the emphasis. A hands on exhibition is highly encouraged, and the building is designed with ecological concerns to match the organic nature of farming.

CLASSROOMS / LIBRARY / OFFICES

UNDULATING LANDSCAPE

M

W

VIE

LOW INCOME HOUSING

OP

E

AR OF NT


SITE IN CONTEXT

N

ROOF PLAN WITH LANDSCAPING

GRASS FARMLAND ASPHALT / PARKING PATHS

AGRICULTURAL CENTER

N. KIN

W. DIVISION

Y UR

B GS 0 25 75

150


BUILDING PLAN

1/32” : 1’-0”

N

EL = +7’0”

EL = +8’0”

EL = +6’0”

EL = +6’0”

EL = +3’0”

GRADE = 0’0”

PLAN AT U/G LEVEL

The buildings spans across the site and sits parallel to the existing axis. 8’ above ground level. The entrance is emphasized with a linear ramp leading up to it, which continues through the building all the way to a balcony on the north end. A basement sits under lobby area and contains mechanical and storage rooms. In addition, the building is elevated in order for the landscape to be continuous.


BUILDING ELEVATIONS

1/32” : 1’-0”

EXIT TO BALCONY

NORTH ELEVATION

WOODEN LOUVERS

MAIN ENTRANCE

SOUTH ELEVATION

BUILDING SECTIONS

B

1/32” : 1’-0” A

LIBRARY

CLASSROOM

CLASSROOM

KITCHEN

W/C

LOBBY

A

OFFICE B

SECTION A-A

BALCONY

LOBBY

LOUVERS ON WALL BEYOND

SECTION B-B


MODEL DETAILS


MAIN ENTRANCE


BALCONY

LOBBY

SOUTH CORRIDOR

STAIRWAY


02. MIDWEST LACROSSE CENTER

FALL 2008 - STEEL / CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION

OVERVIEW. A proposed Midwest Lacrosse Center is to be located in Highland Park, one of the North suburbs of Chicago. The site is sandwiched between Route 41 and the Metra line, bordering several residential neighborhoods, parks and golfcourses. While the center addresses a specific game and recreational activity, the extension of the design mandate is to include an interpretive component to recognize the areas as one of the former centers of the Native American Sport, as well as a promotional center for the dissemination of lacrosse.

LANDSCAPE In terms of history, the landscape itself played an important role in lacrosse. The game had been played by North American tribes on rough fields since the early 15th century. The distance of the goals was usually between 500 yards and half a mile apart, while the number of players ranged from 100 to 1000.


SITE ANALYSIS METRA BEYOND

BIKE PATH

SITE LOCATION (CONCRETE PLANT)

ROUTE 41

CONCEPT

A CONTINUOUS GREEN BELT The idea is to emphasize the importance of the landscape and hence, integrate the building more with the the fields through maximizing green space and encouraging accessibility to the community. The creation of ramps are explored to increase square footage and to maximize green areas. Walkable green surfaces are encouraged as a means to create a welcoming gesture as well as to emphasize the existence of a green belt.

LACROSSE = FIELDS OF PLAY = GREEN AREA = PARK

COMMERCIAL / RETAIL AREA


RAMPS vs. LANDSCAPE Continuous ramps are created to increase square footage and maximize green areas.

Located off a highway, it was necessary to create something iconic in response to the busy traffic. The concrete wall not only adds visual interest, but also functions as a sound barrier. The main entrance to the stadium is a steel structure that cantilevers 60’ and stands at 50’ high. It acts as a welcoming gesture to the facility, while the chumash arena anchors the site and glows like a lantern on the north end. The glass box that extends out on the east is intended to break the massive wall and add interest to the space. The lacrosse center is intended to serve as a park during off season.

RO

UT

E

41

-S

KO

KI

EV AL

LE

Y

RD .

N

FLOW OF LANDSCAPE


E4 UT RO

SITE IN CONTEXT

ROOF PLAN WITH LANDSCAPING

1K SKO

N

EY ALL IE V

CHUMASH ARENA (INDOOR LACROSSE)

. RD TO CHUMASH BIKE PATH METRA PRACTICE FIELDS X 2

PARKING UNDER ROOF

TO PARKING

SKYLIGHTS WALLS

TO BUILDING

MAIN BUILDING

STADIUM TO STADIUM

STADIUM SEATING

CIRCULATION :

PARK AVE. W.

PEDESTRIAN VEHICULAR BIKE

0 30

90

150


SITE ELEVATIONS 0 30

90

CONCRETE WALL

150

ENTRANCE TO STADIUM

NORTH ELEVATION ENTRANCE TO BUIDING

SOUTH ELEVATION ENTRANCE TO STADIUM

CONCRETE WALL

PARKING EXIT

GLASS BOX

PARKING ENTRANCE

EAST ELEVATION CHUMASH

PARKING ENTRANCE (PEDESTRIAN)

WEST ELEVATION

SITE SECTIONS C B

A A

EXHIBITION HALL B

OFFICES

LOCKERROOM / SHOWERS

C

SECTION A-A STADIUM SEATING

WALL BEYOND

OFFICES

LOCKERROOM / SHOWERS PARKING +16.0’ +0.0’

-3.0’

SECTION B-B

EXHIBITION HALL

ENTRANCE

RAMP TO ROOF

PARKING

CHUMASH

+32.0’ +16.0’

+18.5’ +0.0’ -13.0’

SECTION C-C


BUILDING PLANS

N

G/F PLAN EXIT TO FIELDS VISITOR PARKING

PARKING FOR STAFF / PLAYERS

MECH STORAGE SHOWERS

HOME TEAM AWAY TEAM SHOWERS

TO STADIUM

PRIVATE PUBLIC

1/F PLAN

LOBBY

BURM SLOPES DOWN TO STADIUM

BURM SLOPES DOWN TO PRACTICE FIELDS THEATER RETAIL

OFFICES / ,MEETING ROOMS

0 30

90

150

EXHIBITION HALL


BUILDING N-S SECTION DETAIL RAILING

GREEN ROOF -vegetation -growing medium -drainage, aeration, water storage, root barrier -insulation -membrance protection -roofing membrane -structural support

GLASS -1/4” clear glass w/ white ceramic FritSilk screened hole pattern (60% coverage) -1/2” air fill -1/4” Pilkington Solar E low E #3 glass

WINTER

SUMMER

RADIANT HEATING -concrete flooring -flexible tile adhesive -warm up USDW -cement backerboard -flexible tile adhesive -subfloor -joists SUN STUDY / CROSS VENTILATION DIAGRAM

3/10” : 1’

SECTION B-B


BUILDING E-W SECTION DETAIL

SECTION A-A


MAIN BUILDING SOUTH VIEW


VIEW FROM PRACTICEFIELDS

EXHIBITION SPACE

EXHIBITION SPACE EXTERIOR

ENTRANCE LOBBY


N

STADIUM PLANS

PRIVATE PUBLIC

POLYCARBONATE PANEL

STORAGE

TO STADIUM

W/C PERFORATED METAL -rounded 5/32” diagonal holes -stainless steel 20 gauge -63% open TO STADIUM

W/C

TO STADIUM

KIOSK

TICKETING

G/F

1/F

ROOF


STADIUM SECTIONS AND DETAILS 01

01 02

03

02

POLYCARBONATE CANOPY -double 1/4” wall -white, 40% transparency

04

05

03

06

STEEL CABLE -1/4” dia 07

08 04

09

STEEL COLUMN -5’ X 1’ 05

06

07

08

09


MAIN STADIUM ENTRANCE


MODEL DETAILS


03. MERCY HOSPITAL HOUSING - MILWAUKEE, WI. SPRING 2009 - PRECAST CONCRETE / STEEL CONSTRUCTION

OVERVIEW. The project is a 160,000 sf, inner urban apartment building located in the Lower East Side neighborhood of Milwaukee, WI. The client is a joint-venture association between 2 organizations of different kinds. The first is a Chicago based development corporation, Mercy Housing Lakefront. They are a non profit oraganization that is focused on the development and management of affordable solutions. The second is a joint venture Columbia / St. Mary’s Hospital in Milwaukee, WI. They own the real estate and are looking for a development that would allow for their employees, especially nursing staff and medical residents to live close to the hospital, despite very high real estate values nearby. The site is at the southwest corner of East Ivanhoe Place and North Prospect Ave. The existing two storey building there is to be slated and demolished. Columbia / St. Mary’s Hospital wishes to build an Employer Assisted Housing project that will aloow their employees to bridge the affordability gap and live in the Hospital’s neighborhood.

COMMUNITY vs. MICRO-ENVIRONMENTS In order for a clear distinction between environments such as the public and private sectors of an apartment building, the idea was to create various niches within the space as a whole.


SITE ANALYSIS SITE BEYOND

RESIDENTIAL

BANK

BURRITO STORE

BAKERY

ST. MARY’S HOSPITAL

RESIDENTIAL GAS STATION

RESIDENTIAL

SITE DOCUMENTATION

CONCEPT

BOX

CARVE OUT FOR TERRACES

PUSH IN FOR AMMENITIES

OPEN UP FOR ATRIUM

VS.

PUBLIC / PRIVATE SECTORS CLEAR DISTINCTION BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTS

COMMUNITY

MICRO-ENVIRONMENT

DIVIDE INTO LEVELS

ADD FACADE TREATMENT


SITE PLAN

N

1/64” : 1’-0”

E.

IV

AN H

OE

PL

.

N.

PR

OS

PE

CT

AV E.

TRAFFIC FLOW VEHICULAR ENTRANCE

PEDESTRIAN ENTRANC E

Each floor is equipped with a terrace to create a “micro-environment”. They are designed to be paved in order to be suitable for Milwaukee’s cold climate. Alternatively, the suspended ammenity boxes are meant to be a more communal area shared between all floors. These boxes are also opened up to exterior views by alligning them to the terrace cut outs. This juxtaposes the push from the exterior, as if receiving them inward for a reason. The atrium space is a vertical garden opened to the sky above, and in effect, also becomes a micro environment. Basic ammenities include a shared laundry room, terraces, a function room, media center and indoor parking. N Prospect Ave opens up to the retail side of the building, and E Ivanhoe Pl is the side dedicated to residents where there is less traffic and is more of a private road.


OVERALL SCHEMATIC FLOOR PLANS

1/128” : 1’-0”

GREEN ROOF

7 X 2BDRM 2 X 1BDRM 2 X STUDIO

+ 139’0”

5/F

GREEN ROOF

7 X 2BDRM 2 X 1BDRM 2 X STUDIO

10 X STUDIO

4/F

10/F

8 X 2BDRM 2 X 1BDRM 2 X STUDIO

9 X STUDIO

3/F

9/F

RESIDENTIAL + 41’0” to + 125’0”

3 X 2BDRM PARKING X 24

7 X 2BDRM 2 X 1BDRM

2/F

8/F

PARKING X 34

8 X 2BDRM 2 X 1BDRM

1/F

7/F

PARKING PARKING X 11 RETAIL @ 10,000SF

7 X 2BDRM 2 X 1BDRM

G/F

6/F

N 2 BEDROOM X 66

PARKING / RETAIL

1 BEDROOM X 12

+ 0’0”

STUDIO X 6 TERRACE X 9 MECHANICAL U/G

+ 0’0” to + 29’0”

AMMENITY BOX X 3


TYPICAL FLOOR PLAN

N

1/40” : 1’

TERRACE

LAUNDRY ROOM

OPEN TO TERRACE BELOW

RESIDENTIAL FLOORS ARE TYPICAL (LOCATION OF TERRACE AND AMMENITY BOX VARIES)


BUILDING SECTION

A

1/32” : 1’

A

STEEL BEAMS TO SUPPORT STEEL RODS AND CANTILEVERING BOXES

PLANTER BOXES ON AMMENITY BOX

SKYLIGHT AT TOP UNIT - ALSO ACTS AS RAILINGS TO ROOFTOP

DETAIL A

DETAIL B

SECTION A-A


BUILDING DETAILS 1/2” : 1’

CURTAIN WALL SKYLIGHT GREEN ROOF TRAYS 10” HOLLOW CORE 2” TOPPING

STEEL TRUSS WELDED TO BEAM AND COLUMN

PRECAST BEAM WITH STEEL HAUNCH

DROPPED CEILING

RADIANT HEATING PEX TUBE

STEEL ANGLE PRECAST COLUMN

DETAIL A - ROOF

DETAIL B - VIERENDEEL TRUSS AT TERRACE OPENING


DETAIL AT ROOF

VIERENDEEL TRUSS AT TERRACE OPENING


SW CORNER EXTERIOR VIEW AT DAY


SE CORNER EXTERIOR VIEW AT NIGHT


NW CORNER AERIAL VIEW


PARKING GARAGE ENTRANCE

TERRACE CUTOUT DETAIL

ATRIUM AT 3/F

LOOKING UP FROM ATRIUM


RESIDENTIAL LOBBY

TYPICAL LIVING ROOM


MODEL DETAILS


04. 1000 SOUTH CLARK STREET - CHICAGO, IL. FALL 2009 - HIGH RISE STUDIO

OVERVIEW. The project calls for a mixed-used project that can yield up to 600 multi-housing units plus commercial space. The site at 1000 S. Clark St is set in an urban context and is bound by a series of existing retail and residential towers.The proposal opens domestic architecture to the growing neighborhood and to its surrounding territories. The studio emphasizes design flexibility and was taught alongside lectures on real estate issues.

TYPOLOGIES Apartments are divided in a variety of different types for different life-styles. These are grouped and stacked vertically to creat mini-neighborhoods within the complex.


CONCEPT

In contrast to the repetition of the standard family units, the housing types are grouped into smaller buildings. Vertical variation is created through a stacked series of mini neighborhoods. In effect, this groups people with similar lifestyles together to encourage more prominent interactions.

DIFFERENT HOUSING UNIT TYPES

CITY / LAKE VIEW

GROUPED INTO SMALL BUILDINGS

STACKED INTO MINI NEIGHNBORHOODS

WEST CHICAGO / RIVER VIEW

PROPOSED BUILDING IN CONTEXT


SITE PLAN

9TH STREET

1/128” : 1’

VEHICULAR ACCESS PEDESTRIAN ACCESS TRAFFIC FLOW

The site is set in an urban context and is bound by a series of retail and residential towers. Adjacent buildings are relatively low, which allows for the proposed tower to open up to multiple views of the city. As a result the site receives plenty of sunlight and wind coming from all directions. The high rise will include 3 bedroom types - studio, 1 bedroom and 2 bedroom. Additional program includes retail and basic ammenities. The gym and galleries are open to the public.

N

RESIDENTIAL TOWERS

SOUTH CLARK STREET

TRAIN TRACKS

PARKING GARAGE


1

2

3

G/F PLAN 1/64” : 1’

2 BEDROOM x 120 UNITS @ 12 FLOORS

FOR TRUCKS TO BACK IN

2 BEDROOM LOBBY / AMMENITIES @ 1 FLOOR

BIKE ROOM

TO 2 BEDROOMS

LOADING AREA

1 BEDROOM x 216 UNITS @ 18 FLOORS

TO 1 BEDROOMS

GALLERY SPACE

RETAIL 42,000 SF (3 STOREYS)

GALLERY SPACE

SEATING

1 BEDROOM LOBBY / AMMENITIES @ 1 FLOOR

TO STUDIOS

OM M RO O OM M ED R B O M D R 1 D MO O E R B O E MM O R O O E RD 1 1B D BD R MM M O E D B R 1 O E M O E D R O O B M E D R 1 1B 1D B D M M O BE 1E OR M E R OR BD MO E R 1 1B 1D BD R MO O E D B R 1 O E MM O E R O O BD E R 1 1B 1D BD MM M O BE R 1E OR M O E D R OD B M O E D R 1 1B 1D B R M M BE D R 1E OO M R OD BE MO O E D R 1 1B 1D B R M O E M B D R 1E O O R OD BE MM O E D R 1 1B 1D B R M O E M B D R 1E O O R OD BE MM O E D R 1 1B 1D B R M O E M B D R 1E O O R OD BE MM O E D R 1 1B 1D B R M O E M B D R 1E O O R OD BE MM O E D R 1 1B 1D B R M O E M B D R 1E O O R OD BE MM E R 1 1B 1D BD MO O BE R 1E OR MM E R OD BD MO O E D R 1 1B 1D B R M O E M D B 1E D O O R OR BE MM E R 1 1B 1D BD OMO OR D BE R 1E O MM O E O D B R 1 B M O R E D 1 1D B D M M O OR BE 1E M E R OR BD 1 1B 1D MO E R O BD MO R OR EE MM 1 1B D E R OD E B MO O D R 1 B 1D B R OO E D 1 B R O E E MM D R OO B E D 1 1B 1E B D R O ER OOM 1 1B E BD 1 1B EDR Y B 1 BB LO S BY ITIE S B N LO ME ITIE AM MEN AM IO UDIOIO ST U DD O IO TU T IOI D IOD S S U D U IOIO D U TU ST U T IOIO IOD SD ST SIO D UDD U U IO U IOD T STDU T ST O D T IOIO I S S DU SIO U DD U T O T O U T I U I T IOD OO SSSU DDST D SD ST DI I U TU U U IOIO U IOD SD T ST T ST D T IOIO SS U SIO U DD U TU U IO IOD SD T DIO ST T ST D S S U U IOIO U U STDD ST ST ST UU ST DIO IO ST U D ST U T DD IOIO OS U U IOIO DI ST STUU U O O I I T TDDIO STUU DD S S IOIO TUD STUU ST DD S STUDIO Y ST B ST LOB Y IES BB NIT IES O E L M IT AM MEN AM

2 BEDROOM LOFTS x 10 UNITS @ 1 LOFTED FLOOR

DOTTED LINE - FLOOR ABOVE

STUDIO x 96 UNITS @ 6 FLOORS

ROCK CLIMBING PREP AREA

ROCK CLIMBING WALL

M OO M M DR OO E M B D R O O 2 BD OM M ER R M D BE D RO OO 2 2 BE BE D R O ER OOM 2 2 BE BD R 2 2 BED 2 M O O M M DR OO M BE D R O O R 2 BD E R MM M OO O D BE D R 2 O O E MM R 2 BD B D R O E M R 2 O E E O MM B D R O RO BD R 2 2 B2D BE E MM M D R OO E O M D B2E D R 2 O B O E M 2 B2D BR D O E M M RR E O B2E D R OORO BD MM R 2 2 B2D BE O E M D R E O MM B2E D R OORO BD R 2 2 B2D BE E MM M D R OO E O D B2E D R 2 O B OM R DR 2 B2D BE E MM M RO E O B2E D R OORO BD MM R 2 2 B2D BE O E M M D R O E B2E D R OORO BD MM R 2 2 B2D BE O E M D O O E B2E D RR BD OM 2 2 B2E BE R O R OM ED 2 2 BE BD O R 2 2 BED 2 Y BB LO S BY ITIE S B LO MEN ITIE AM MEN AM

STUDIO LOFTS x 16 UNITS @ 1 LOFTED FLOOR

N

DROP OFF

STUDIO LOBBY / AMMENITIES @ 1 FLOOR

BUILDING CIRCULATION DIAGRAM Due to distinct mini neighborhoods, the building is divided into 3 service cores. Express elevators take residents and visitors to respective lobbies and units.

The G/F consists of the parking garage, an open public space and retail. The rock climbing wall is an additional feature to the garage and is an extension to the gym. The elevator cores extend to various mini neighborhoods accordingly. Habitants and shoppers are encouraged to explore the public space whilst getting to and from the parking garage. There is also a skybridge linking the garage to the lobby on 3/F.


STUDIO LOBBY / AMMENITY LEVEL

N

1/32” : 1’

STUDIO UNIT BREAKDOWN 1/64” : 1’

LAUNDRY ROOM

GALLERY / EXHIBITION SPACE

The corridor area of the studio floors are designed with pockets of space for additional seating. The idea that a younger crowd would live in this “neighborhood” inspired the idea that this space can be tranformed into an interactive lounge-like area.

BRIDGE TO PARKING GARAGE

PARTY ROOM

INTERACTIVE CORRIDOR

GALLERY / EXHIBITION SPACE

TYPICAL STUDIO UNIT 1/32” : 1’

MECHANIAL / STORAGE / BOH

LOBBY FOR STUDIOS


ALL UNITS EQUIPPED WITH OPEN KITCHEN

INTERACTIVE CORRIDOR SPACE TRANSFORMS INTO LOUNGE

N-S FACING SHUTTERS OPEN VERTICALLY FOR SHADING

E-W FACING SHUTTERS OPEN HORIZONTALLY FOR SHADING

TYPICAL STUDIO FLOOR


1 BEDROOM LOBBY / AMMENITY LEVEL

N

1/32” : 1’

1 BEDROOM UNIT BREAKDOWN 1/64” : 1’

LAUNDRY ROOM

PRIVATIZED CORRIDOR

LOUNGE

PATIO

PATIO

The corridor area of the 1 bedroom floors are designed to be staggered at different setbacks, creating a more privatized entrance.

MAIL

SPA LOBBY

TYPICAL 1 BEDROOM UNIT 1/32” : 1’ GYM

MENS

WOMENS MECHANICAL / STORAGE / BOH


2 BEDROOM LOBBY / AMMENITY LEVEL

N

TYPICAL 2 BEDROOM UNIT

1/32” : 1’

1/32” : 1’

LAUNDRY ROOM

LOBBY

PATIO

PATIO

MAIL

PARTY ROOM

PARTY ROOM

MINIMAL CORRIDOR The corridor area of the 2 bedroom floors are designed to take up minimal space in order to maximize the interior units respectively. MECHANICAL / STORAGE / BOH

MEDIA / READING ROOM

TYPICAL 1 BEDROOM UNIT 1/64” : 1’


DETAILS AT E-W FACING SHUTTERS

The perforated shutters are inspired trees. It mimics the shadows cast off foliage, and juxtaposes the idea that even at 41 storeys, one may feel the connection with nature - as if shaded by evergreen trees.

TYPICAL SECTION 1/16” : 1’

TYPICAL ELEVATION 1/16” : 1’


SHADOW STUDY IN TYPICAL UNIT


SHADOW STUDIES - DAY / NIGHT


In section, the volumes increase in size as you move up the building. The idea was to reflect the scale of the units on the exterior and display its features. The perforated shutters are also at different scales depending on the unit type. As the unit type increase, so do the perforations. This also relates to the tree inspiration, and suggests the different densities within a tree structure as you move up. The wider perforations are situated at rooms which would need more light and less privacy, such as the living and dining areas within the unit.

E-W SECTION

EAST ELEVATION

1/64� : 1’


05. REDEFINING URBAN DENSITY SPRING 2010 - MASTER’S PROJECT

OVERVIEW. HOW DO YOU DENSIFY THE DENSEST AREA IN THE WORLD? AN URBANIZATION TREND 2008 marked the year in which more than half of the world population has become city dwellers. Urbanization is now global, and this has been extremely significant in growing cities such as Hong Kong. With a landmass of 1,104km2 and a population of 7 million people, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated areas in the world. It currently ranks 4th with a density of 6,348 / km2 MONG KOK, HONG KONG The name Mong Kok in Chinese translates as ‘busy corner’. This holds true on multiple levels, including the fact that Mong Kok’s population density is extremely high. According to the Guinness World Records, Mong Kok has the highest population density in the world with a mean density of 130,000 per km2 and a development multiple of 4. The district is a mix of old and new multistory buildings, in which shops and restaurants are at street level with residential units sitting above. In fact, the area is just as densely packed underground as it is above - there have been problems for the government’s greening master plan due to the fact that even tree roots don’t have a place to grow underneath this concrete jungle, let alone have a healthy feed of sunlight seeping through the limited openings from above. Hong Kong has many theme-driven clusters of small businesses that defy the convention wisdom of avoiding direct competition. The characteristics of wholesale blocks make up the culture of this area - there are dedicated streets for sneakers, fish, flowers, birds, fresh markets, flea markets, as well as electronics and toys. Economists refer to the phenomenon as the ‘clustering effect’, identifying this as a magnet for shoppers. The fact that similar stores are grouped together has led to lowered costs for marketing, and created more choice for consumers.

Within the past 10 years, it has become a trend for developers to knock down the less prominent wholesale blocks in this area to realize high-rise towers for both commercial and residential use. The area has become denser as a result, but with the sacrifice of existing old cultures. THE PROJECT Is it possible to increase density in the world’s densest district without vertical growth? The idea of growing close to the ground as a new approach is distinct from height - I wish to densify the area within the existing blocks through the infill of alleyways. I find potential in these extreme spaces where interaction can be equally compelling. The idea is to create a building that is sensitive to the surroundings in which it exists through placement and scale - to exploit every possible square feet of space that isn’t already critically programmed. It should take into consideration the existing urban fabric of diverse cultures and extend the flow of activities even in the narrowest alleyways of Mong Kok. It is not my intention to create a prototype, but this does not eliminate the scenario of simliar structures to be adapted in other areas. The goal is to promote an environment that will bring an active dialogue between the users and the space in support of multiple narratives. PROGRAM The building is tailored to follow up on the government’s design incubator. It targets the user group of start up micro businesses which are looking for prime locations within the city. The area of Mong Kok is ideal due to its retail wholesale blocks.The building will accomodate live/ work units, retail spaces, as well as storage space specifically for the adjacent sneaker street who are currently renting additional space in nearby units.


2000

2010

The red area marks the site chosen due to its proximity to major retail wholesale blocks. Entrance points into the block are less prominent streets and will allow for pedestrian flow control.


SITE ANALYSIS

1/64” : 1’

REET

HOI ST

C TUNG

N

EET

N STR

FA YUE

T

STREE

EET

O STR

HAK P

EET

TUNG

EET

E STR

SAI YE

LE STR

ARGY

ALLE

EET

SHAN

N STR

NELSO

50’

10’ X 1

NSION Y DIME


A

B

A

C

B E F C D

D

E

F


CONCEPT

INFILL SHOWN AS A VOLUME

MAX.WORKABLE AREA

EXISTING BUILDINGS

TRADITIONAL APARTMENT C. 1950

RANGES FROM 4-13 STOREYS, DATES BETWEEN 1946-52

- JUXTAPOSITION OF ICONIC HOUSE FORM WITH TRADITIONAL HONG KONG APARTMENTS - INFILL STRATEGY TO MAXIMIZE SPACE IN ALLEY AND STAY WITHIN HEIGHT LIMITATION


MAXIMUM FLOORS LEVEL EXISTING BLOCK @ 8 STOREYS

FORM STUDIES

SPATIAL RELATIONS VS. EXTERIOR VIEWS

STACKING UNITS

UNITS ARE STACKED IN SUCH A WAY THAT CIRCULATION SPACE OPENS UP TO FORM UNIQUE PUBLIC NICHES


PROGRAM RESIDENTIAL + RETAIL + STORAGE

8 WORK / LIVE UNITS TOTAL 7,850 SF

CAFE BOOKSTORE RETAIL / EXHIBITION TOTAL 1,720 SF

STORAGE FOR ADJACENT RETAIL TOTAL 1,510 SF


B

RESIDENTIAL RETAIL A

SECTION A-A

0

5

A B

STORAGE

15

SECTION B-B

35


RESIDENTIAL RETAIL STORAGE

FLOOR PLANS

0

5

15

35

4/F

ROOF PLAN

3/F

8/F

2/F

7/F

1/F

6/F

G/F

5/F


SE CORNER


SW PERSPECTIVE


PUBLIC SPACES


TYPICAL UNITS


CONTEXT MODEL


06. LIMITLESS TOWERS - AMMAN, JORDAN

SUMMER 2008 - MURPHY/JAHN ARCHITECTS, CHICAGO

Limitless, the global master development arm of Dubai World, has burst onto the property scene in Jordan with Limitless Towers in Amman: iconic, residential towers topping 200 metres - the tallest in the country and among the highest twin buildings in the Middle East. Limitless Towers will reshape the skyline of the capital and marks the beginning of the city’s urban development plan, At 60 storeys high and 600 residential units, the towers will provide luxury accommodation for almost 2,000 people. There will also be a 1,000 square metre indoor plaza, with retail, entertainment and leisure facilities, as well as outdoor space spanning 5,600 square metres.


07. DJA-4 - DUBAI, UAE

SUMMER 2008 - MURPHY/JAHN ARCHITECTS, CHICAGO

DJA-4 is a mixed used project in downtown Jebel Ali, Zone 4. The central plaza consists of two special structures: the solar energy shield and a retractable roof. The solar-energy shield consists of a biaxially mounted roof (cable-braced girders) , and the shield has two functions: to provide passive shading for the forums located below as well as to actively make use of solar energy by means of a ‘tri-generation system’. Worthy of special mention are the large span (180 m) and heavy weight of the solar collectors (approx. 1,100 tons in total).



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