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Catherine Kao Portfolio Rhode Island School of Design BArch 2014 | BFA 2013

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Content

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Over and Under: Social Landscape POSCO + KEDI Modular School | Spring 2013

Blossom Community Garden Chinese Christian Church of Rhode Island Design-Build | Spring 2011

Reconsidering Megaform Megaproject in Historic Yenikapi, Istanbul, Turkey Urban Design | Fall 2012

Green_House Single-Family house with Proposed Greenhouse Sustainable Design | Fall 2013

The Labyrinth First-Semester Design Studio Design Principles | Fall 2010


Nan Hai Hotel Facade Renovation Barrie Ho Architecture / Interior Ltd. Internship | Summer 2013

Ring Ring Chair Barrie Ho Architecture / Interior Ltd. Internship | Summer 2013

High Speed Rail Changhua Station Artech Architects Ltd. Internship | Summer 2011

Wu Zhen Theater Artech Architects Ltd. Internship | Summer 2011

Drawing of Things Selected Works Drawings | 2009-2014

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CATHERINE KAO 2 College Street Box. 747 Providence, RI +1 510-409-6069 catherineylkao@gmail.com

EDUCATION Rhode Island School of Design Providence, RI Bachelor of Architecture, 2014 Bachelor of Fine Arts, 2013 Miss Porter’s School Farmington, CT | 2009 High School Diploma University of Hong Kong Hong Kong, China | 2008 Career Discovery in Architecture Summer Program

DESIGN + WORK EXPERIENCES Barrie Ho Architecture/Interior Ltd. Architecture Intern | Hong Kong, China | 2013 Contributed to project teams with preparation of precedent research, schematic rendering using Sketchup and Photoshop, and facade material study for Nanhai Hotel in Shenzhen and St. Paul’s Convent School in Hong Kong; prepared marketing presentation for prospective clients; designed and submitted 3 proposals for an in-house competition; participated in the design process of recycled bike furniture for SMART Hong Kong exhibition Jozy Chen Photography Photography Intern | Taipei, Taiwan | 2012 Assisted in stage setting for unit still photography in television programs and film production studio; determined the usage of dedolight and softbox and set up lighting tools in various light conditions; used Photoshop for quick editing and touch up AGC Design Ltd. Architecture Intern | Hong Kong, China | 2011 Worked on design proposal using Rhinoceros, AutoCAD, and Illutrator for a potential communal space in Asia Society, a collaborated project with Tod Williams & Billie Tsien Architects of New York; participated in meetings and site visits with prospective clients Artech Architects Architecture Intern | Taipei, Taiwan | 2011 Mastered model making in different scales with high attention to detail and material; created final models for major competition with projects including Wuzhen Theater in Wuzhen, China and the National Palace Museum in Chiayi, Taiwan C.Y. Lee & Partners Architects/Planners Architecture Intern | Taipei, Taiwan | 2008-2009 Experienced model making and created image library databases for projects and materials

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VOLUNTEER + OTHER EXPERIENCES CAD Lab at Department of Architecture RISD Monitor | Providence, RI | 2013-present Worked in the department CAD lab to support and guide students with technical challenges Made in Taiwan at RISD Event Chair | Providence, RI | 2011-present Collaborate with Brown University and Johnson & Wales University to promote Taiwanese culture awareness Fubon Charity Foundation Volunteer Leader | Taipei, Taiwan | 2007-present Initiated reading programs to stimulate interest in literature for underprivileged native children in Taiwan

SKILLS Computer Auto CAD | Rhinoceros | VRay | Grasshopper | Google Sketchup Adobe: Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign Microsoft Office Suite Artistic Hand drafting, sketching, rendering | Model making | Woodworking | Laser-cut | CNC Photography: film & digital | Painting: oil, ink, gouache, watercolor | Figure drawing Language Native fluency in Maindarin Chinese Native fluency in English

EXHIBITION Architectural Triennal Exhibition Woods Gerry Gallery | Providence, RI | 2014 Portfolio selected for NAAB Accreditation Review Bayard Ewing Building | Providence, RI | 2014 Degree Project Exhibition Bayard Ewing Building Gallery | Providence, RI | 2013 Foundation Studies Department Design Show The Waterman Gallery | Providence, RI | 2009

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Over and Under: Social Landscape POSCO Modular Green Smart School

Modular School | Sejong KOREA | Spring 2013 RISD + POSCO +KEDI The Korean steel company, POSCO and the Korean Educational Development Institute (KEDI) have come to collaborate with RISD to reconsider the current educational system in Korea. To resolve the present issues, POSCO decided to promote the idea of a modular, green, and technological middle school for the future elites to have a better learning experience. The work is restricted dependent on the prefabrication and transportation of the steel components from design to installation. Every step is needed to be well-thoughtout. The proposals are also required to incorporate cultural context and manipulation. Located in Sejong, Korea, the site is surrouded by residential high-rises, retails, and the mountains. The role of the urban fabric is to connect coexistance of nature and the rapid development of the city through the design of the school. POSCO staff would be encouraged to participate in the studio and invited to explore the school in its entirety. Finally: Branding, RISD can be a key Design Partner in contributing ideas and a greater creative identity for POSCO.

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The design serves two roles: an academic institution and a community park. In the current condition, Korean society no longer has space for interaction between individuals, which was the key space in the traditional society. By redefining the homebase as a highly interactive space, we want to bring back traditional and social values. In a bigger context, the school acts as a park where can be an outdoor learning space for students and also a community gathering space for the surrounding neighborhood.

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Public Entrance This entrance is designed to separate the student’s private entrance with the public. The school facilities is opened for public use on both weekday and weekend conditions

Courtyard between Library and Cafateria In the middle of the bamboo grove, the courtyard serves as a breathing space from the modularity of the uniformed classrooms. The stairs leads you to the “homebase” locating on the 2nd floor

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Private Entrance Student’s entrance to school. Directly connected to “homebase”, where the social activities happen

Homebase on East Side The student entrance on the east side brings the students into the homebase“, where they take off their shoes, place personal belongings in lockers, and enjoy their breaktime

Homebase on West Side Access to science labs, art exhibit, library, and the gym

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Blossom Community Garden Chinese Christian Church of RI

Design-Build | Pawtucket RI | Spring 2011 RISD + Chinese Christian Church of RI A design/build community garden and public event pavilion at 333 Roosevelt Avenue in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. The site brings together three distinct groups: the Chinese Christian Church of RI, YMCA, and Roosevelt Community Housing. Integrating the divergent expectations of these groups became a determining factor in the design. The first phase involves the exploration, organization, and definition of a proposal within a specific site. Developing site analyses and conceptual investigations informs the design process. The second phase teaches through material studies, detailing and full-scale construction. Architectural elements are integrated into the given site, culminating in a fully articulated built structure. It requires an enormous amount of discipline, communication, coordination and teamwork. Working collaboratively, students combine their individual skills to solve complex architectural issues.

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Design Phase The studio began with seventy-two individual site proposals. As the construction phase of the studio neared, the seventy-two projects were compiled into eighteen, and then six, which were presented to representatives of the constituent communities for feedback, leading to the final design. To develop the final proposal, the studio worked via a series of twelve-hour charrettes to compose a master plan and project timeline. The built proposal began with a set of construction drawings, scale models, and detailed studies that were then brought on site to use as a working reference. The studio emphasized material considerations of construction and detailing of the final design through drawings and full-scale mock ups.

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The Garden The orientation was strategically placed as to take full advantage of the sun orientation and sllow for the growth of a variety of Chinese vegetables that are used weekly for a communal meal. The garden was designed as a multi-purpose structure that would house not only the planting beds but also have an open-aired pavilion that would allow for rainwater to collect, tool storage as well as gathering moments where the community could enjoy the “fruits of their labor�

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The Pavilion

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Because of the site formation, a parking lot separates the pavilion site from the garden. The pavilion hosts a large outdoor space for friends to meet, a promenade for children to play, and a long table for families to break bread together

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Construction Phase Full-scale fabrication gives us the opportunity to develop hands-on skills and gain practical experience. Such a project necessitates a constant and flexible exchange of ideas, an efficient and collaborative design process, and a strict construction schedule. With only six weeks to complete the project, management has become an integral part of the studio experience. Responsibilities were divded between construction, model building, design detials, and drawing documents. With such strict dealines, teams needed to react quickly and creatively to issues as they arose. Challenges like these provide the real world experience that solidifies an understanding of the relationship between design and construction.

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Finale FInal presentation took place at the site with the design we built. Compared to projects done solely in studio, the project has a much higher degree of reality. We learned to articulate our ideas, to make connections, to listen, and to discuss options with an openminded, proative approach.

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Reconsidering Megaform Megaproject in Historic Yenikapi

Urban Design | Istanbul TURKEY | Fall 2012 This project considers the notion of megaform as a way to critically respond to magaprojects and regional development. Recently, Kenneth Frampton has written about megaform as an urban landscape which “stands against� the agglomeration of the megalopolis and its built environment. Megaform involves a set of issues that are regional and urban at the same time, such as infrastructure, transportation networks, as well as development with its public and private agents and actors. Yet megaform is also architecture and its architecture may be located in its ability to stand against a growth determined by mere consumption and use. In this studio, we will explore the architecture of megaform by developing design proposals for a new transit station, school, city archive, and retails in Istanbul.

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The Site Commercial and industrial businesses are what brings Yenikapi alive. Various types of programmatic elements are spread out in the area. It is also unclear that which are the ones are opened to public or just for the locals living in the neighborhood. Accompanied by the ongoing construction of the new rail transport system Marmaray, a new type of metropolis can be introduced to the historic Yenikapi, along with the newly discovered archaeological excavation The retail/commercial on ground level is the main program that activates the life of the street, however, they serve for different types of pedestrians such as the locals near the residential, office workers near the commercial district, and the visitors near the ferry terminal.

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Commercial Hotel + Restaurant Market

Mixed Use Retail Hotel Restaurant / Cafe

Industrial Silk + Textiles Cargo + Warehouse

Cotton Car Manufacturing Fruit + Olive Oil

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Commercial + Industrial Street Sections Drawing the relationship between human scale and the existing conditions in commercial and industrial streets

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Retail Ferry Terminal

Hotel School + City Archives Train + Bus Terminal Open Space 37


Activating the Historic Axis To create a direct access at the ends of the historic Namik Kemal linking the archaeological dig site and the new life waterfront by placing a megaformed transfer station and mixed use programs that run parallel to the street. When you arrive in the city, you either experience the historic Yenikapi or the new life of waterfront first. The urban fabric of the Yali neighborhood continues opposite side of the street and merges into the institutional or educational area where a high school, city archive, and a park. Without interfering the continuous urban fabric, the megaform sits on top of the existing site and can be easily accessed from Yali, the archaeological dig site, the institutes or the ferry terminal on ground level or the pedestrian walkway located on the second level of the building.

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Green_House Single-Family House with Proposed Greenhouse

Sustainable Design | Barrington RI | Fall 2013 Waste | grey water treatment, wet wall, rain garden, bathroom, and compose pile Circulation Garden + Kitchen | garden planters, food preparation space, and dining room

In the quiet town of Barrington, Rhode Island grocery store distances along with greenhouses and farmers markets are to say the least, spread out. The solution provided for the given suburb is as follows: a greenhouse grafted on a family home to serve as a community catalyst of local greenhouses. The Green_House operates its own garden that works year round due to the winter temperatures of the Northeast. The Green_House is programmatically divided in three zones: Waste (grey, water treatment, wet wall, outdoor rain garden, bathroom, and compost pile), Circulation (zone divider), and the Garden to kitchen zone.

Intervention

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existing house

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greenhouse

GREENhouse

Open / Closed Water System

Solar Collector

Solar Collector

Closed Sys

Greywater Bio-remediation Greywater Bio-remediation

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Dual Water Storage Tank Dual Water Storage Tank

Radiant Heating Radian Heating

Closed System

Open Syst

Open System

Greywater

Greywater


Roof Shingles Ice and Water Roof Membrane Roof Sheathing Two layers 2” Rigid Insulation Ice and Water Membrane 1/2” Plywood Sheathing Cellulose Dense-Pack Insulation

Polycarbonate with Aerogel Infill Roof Flashing

1/2” Plywood Sheathing

1/2” Plywood Sheathing

Skylight

Cellulose Dense-Pack Insulation Two layers 2” Rigid Insulation

1/2” Plywood Sheathing

Housewrap

Wall Sheathing Membrane (Air Barrier)

1/2” Plywood Sheathing

Composite Wood

Shim Aluminum Sash Framing Double-pane Insulating Glass Unit

Operator Handle

Tricycle Hanger Pocket Door Header Door Hanger Plate Double-pane Insulating Glass Door

Door Guide Guide Channel

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Polycarbonate with Aerogel Infill

Gutter

Exterior Door

Brick Planter Bed Plant Liner Planting Soil

Brick Tile Radiant Heat Pex Tubing Drainage Layer Perforated Pipe

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4” Concrete Slab Water Membrane (Air Barrier) 4” Rigid Insulation


A subterranean addition is utilized because of stable yearlong temperatures it can provide. The grafted space takes advantage of its southern exposure providing light into the house during the darker months. And during the warmer months the shared wall between the house and greenhouse serves a passive ventilator. The existing roof is replaced to accommodate the greenhouse roof angle and to add insulation thickness. And finally, the Green_House is warmed via an open/ closed water system. Rooftop solar collectors heat water that is stored in a dual waterheater that feeds the radiant heating system (closed) and the potable kitchen and bathroom taps.

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Greenhouse

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House

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The Labirinth Design Principles

This project explores design principles common to architecture, and landscape architecture. Projects are selected to provide a basis for discerning and investigating both the differences of focus suggested by the three disciplines and their common concerns. Two interrelated aspects of design are pursued: 1) the elements of composition and their formal, spatial, and tectonic manipulation and 2) meanings conveyed by formal choices and transformations.

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Stage One: The Knot Each student was assigned to a knot and asked to study its logic. I was assigned the “Rolling Hitch”. The logic of this Rolling Hitch is very simple but it needs a pole or another rope to be tied to it otherwise it doesn’t work. The transfer of material to paper made my life easier. The stiffness of paper kept the knot in shape without a middle support. Using vellum paper, I came with up a cube-like paper knot that was later used in the next stage

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Stage Two: Aggregation + Grounding Selected final knot acting like a module with an aggregation potential was then developed into a 20 by 20 by 20 inch mass. My module, two connected cubes, has an end that could attach to another module and there are two ways to aggregate them. On a side note, a ground was developed using pastries as a source during a charrette. The mass and ground had to form a relationship

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Stage Three: Enclosure

With the mass, the students were asked to take the logic of the mass and turn it into a enclosing functional space. Here, a small portion of the aggregation is taken apart, introducing a “hinged“ structure to work with the enclosure. The rule of the original knot remains

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Stage Four: Program + Site

The enclosure needs to have some programming to the space and to be sited. Since the new hinged modules have to flexibility to adjust their angle, the enclosure can be transformed from roof to wall to floor, forming a living environment. The advandage of the hinged aggregates also allows the enclosure to be easily positioned at a sloped site. The space forms a corridor to link from the cliff to the waterfront

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Finale: The Labyrinth

The space is divided into three parts: the threshold, the private, and the public. The threshold, connecting with a bridge, invites people into the labyrinth. The private refers to the main living space for the individual. The individual has the option to expose to the outdoor space by crossing the bridge to the public space near the water

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Nan Hai Hotel Barrie Ho Architecture / Interior

Shenzhen CHINA | Summer 2013 | Internship Nan Hai Hotel is a situated in the main district of Shenzhen’s western coastal city belt, facing Shenzhen Bay on the west, Pearl River Estuary on the east and Hong Kong across the sea. The nearby Shekou Ferry Terminal, which connects the area to Hong Kong International Airport, Hong Kong Central, Macau and Zhuhai, becomes the main transportation for the majority of the visitors. This nearly thirty year-old hotel requests a refurbishment of the entire hotel, and Barrie Ho is commissioned to work on the facade renovation. The proposals are mainly to recondition the existing balcony and enhance more lighting and features.

Option 1 Pattern

Option 2 Projection

Option 3 Projection

10% Framed 20% Matte 70% Polished

20% Framed 20% Matte 60% Polished

20% Framed 20% Matte 60% Polished

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RIMS

S.S SCREW W/ WASHER

TIMBER BASE

B

DETAIL SECTION SCALE 1:2

CHANNEL OF RIM

TIMBER BASE S.S SCREW W/ WASHER RIMS

A

DETAIL SECTION SCALE 1:2

RIMS

S.S SCREW W/ WASHER

TIMBER PACKER W/ SEALANT

TIMBER BASE

C 60

DETAIL SECTION

SCALE 1:2


Ring Ring Chair HKTDC SmartHK Upcycling Bike Barrie Ho Architecture/Interior Internship

Guangzhou CHINA | Summer 2013 | Internship

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Founder and head designer Mr. Barrie Ho was invited to be in the exhibition of HKTDC SmartHK Upcycling Bike. Architects, artists, and designers are joined only by invitation. The purpose of the exhibition is using creativity to redesign a piece of usable furniture with recycling bike parts.The final design is to incorporate the idea of Charles Rennie Mackintosh’s “Hillhouse“ chair.

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1SIDESIDE ELEVATION ELEVATION SCALE SCALE 1:10 1:10

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1200

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TIMBER TIMBER HOLDERHOLDER

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TIMBER TIMBER HOLDERHOLDER

TIMBER TIMBER HOLDERHOLDER

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1080 1130

CL 16"(42mm) 16"(42mm) EXISTING EXISTING STEEL RIM STEEL RIM

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TIMBER TIMBER FRAME FRAME

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2FRONT FRONT ELEVATION ELEVATION SCALE SCALE 1:10 1:10

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HSR Changhua Station Artech Architects Internship

Changhua TAIWAN | Summer 2011 | Internship Section model showing the relationship between the interiror column and the platform of Taiwan High Speed Rail Chuanghua Station at scale 1:100 (metric) A station supported by a structural system resembles calla illy and enclosed with a band of greenhouse, for this flora and plantation center city in Taiwan. The town “Tienchung” in Changhua, literally means “in the middle of the rice fields,” is one of the showcase towns sets in central area has also become the center of the flower industry, with pastures abound and the annual exposition held in this area. The theme of the new station reflects these unique local characteristics...The landscape is further extended into the station building itself with a greenhouse in the shape of a ring along the station’s large glass facade, allowing passengers an experience of continuity when approaching the station. The highlights of the station are the structure columns inside the station. Inspired by the shape of a flower, these graceful curve columns not only support the roof above, but also bring north light into the lobby through its openings at the top, giving the space unique additions of its local characteristics in a grand public scale.

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Wu Zhen Theater Artech Architects

Wu Zhen CHINA | Summer 2011 | Internship Section model at scale 1:100 (metric) This model was made during a summer internship at Artech Architects in Taipei, Taiwan. This project is located at Wuzhen, a town within the watery region of southern China; the design program is to attempt to create a multi-functional theater that blends into this charming scenic town. The space is to acommodate a large theater of 1200 seats and an experimental theater of 600 seats. Through the combination of the two theaters, more usage possibilities may be created. The south side building mass is floating on top of the water surface to form a “lotus blossom” image and to echo with the watery region scene. The building layout takes “two lotus flowers on one stalk” as the concept to spatially combine the two oval shape theater spaces. The interlocking area of the two becomes the common backstage and produces the “locking in forms, linkage in heart” spatial layout.

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Time + Memory plaster wrap and ink on paper 36 x 72 in

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In the world of architecture, architects wish the select the right material that can work at its maximum strength at all times however, every material decays and breaks over period of time. The traces of usage is recorded within its memory (material memory). Time is addressed through the physical properties of the material. The material, plaster bandage, transforms its strength when it reacts with ink (water); its strength only weakens as time passes. Memory is addressed through recording the imprint of the material. Since the material transforms its physical properties in linear time, every imprint is a memory of the plaster bandage in the process of “decaying�.

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Weight + Containment piano wire, water on paper 8 x 8 in each

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Falling Objects graphie on paper 36 x 48 in

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Laboratory I lithographic crayon on paper 36 x 48 in

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Laboratory II lithographic crayon on paper 36 x 48 in

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Light, Shadow, Reflection charcoal on paper 24 x 60 in

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Hair charcoal on paper 12 x 96 in

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Merging + Diverging ink on paper 48 x 48 in

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Micro + Macro ink on paper 48 x 96 in

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Catherine Kao Š 2014

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Catherine Kao | Portfolio 2014  

Rhode Island School of Design BArch 2014

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