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Guidelines for completing shortened written analysis of photographers’ work focusing on: * Straightforward Portraits

* Portraits of celebrities * Beauty portraits * Self Portraits * Experimental / surreal portraits

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Page Index for different sets of questions: •

Straightforward Portrait Pages 4 & 5

Portrait photograph of a famous model / celebrity Pages 6 & 7

Beauty Portrait Pages 8 & 9

Self-Portrait Pages 10 & 11

Experimental / Surreal Portrait Pages 12 & 13

Page of quotes by portrait based photographers Page 14 Page of quotes by beauty portrait based photographers Page 15 Definitions: Commercial photograph – photographs taken for business, for sales, for money. Commercial photography is often associated with advertisements, sales pitches, brochures, product placements as well as merchandising Editorial photograph – a photograph that appears in a magazine, but is not advertising or selling something (sometimes they are there to accompany a written article) Fine Art photograph – a photograph that hangs in a gallery or is sold directly to a buyer in a gallery or over the internet etc.

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YOU MUST READ THIS PAGE BEFORE YOU START RESEARCHING YOUR ARTIST How to start your initial research If you can’t find out enough information and find enough quotes, then don’t write about that photograph, find another photograph instead. 1. Find a photograph that links to your work in some way and find the name of the photographer 2. Research the photographer to see whether s/he is a professional or an amateur photographer and whether s/he is a fine art or a commercial photographer 3. See if you can find this photograph on his or her website (or anyone else’s website). Is there anything written about this photograph or the series of photographs that features this particular image?

4. Type in ‘Interview with ,,,,,,, (the name of the artist)’ into Google. If there is one, you can use the information to find your quotes When you include a quote in your analysis, place the quote in “quotation marks”, then explain what the quote actually means in your own words, then respond to the quote (write about your own opinion about what has been said in the actual quote)

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Questions for a straightforward portrait photograph (Page 4 & 5) Write out the actual questions (but only the sections in bold black) READ THE INFORMATION ON PAGE 3 BEFORE YOU START ANSWERING THESE QUESTIONS ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1) Introductory Information What is the name of the photographer? (Date and country of birth if you can find it) Is this photographer a professional photographer? If the answer is yes, then write down 2 companies that she/he has worked for, or 2 famous magazines that have featured her/his photographs or 2 galleries that she/he has exhibited their work in? (You will need to use initial research to answer this question). Only write a couple of sentences for this. 2a) What is the photographer’s motivation for being a photographer? 2b) What is the photographer’s motivation for taking / creating these types of images? (Only write basic information – no life stories – couple of sentences at the most. Only write this if you have read it – don’t make it up!) Include quotes in here if you can. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3) What is the most crucial conceptual element in this portrait photograph? Age

Beauty

Personality

Perfection

Flaws

Emotion

Lifestyle

Something else that has not been mentioned

Explain your reason for thinking this in some detail and include quotes by the photographer if you can find them.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4) Responding to a statement Select one of the following statements to respond to:

It’s easier for photographers to take ‘an honest portrait’ of someone that they don’t know well rather than someone they know really well. Do you agree or disagree with the statement? Explain your reason in depth. Can you find a quote by a photographer, a critic or a journalist (someone important) to back up your argument? Can you relate your argument in any way to the portrait photographs that you have taken in your project?

The success of a portrait photograph depends very much on the ‘face’ of the model. Do you agree or disagree with the statement?

Explain your reason in depth. Can you find a quote by a photographer, a critic or a journalist (someone important) to back up your argument? Ensure that you relate your argument here in some way to the photograph you are analyzing and to some your own photographs?

You can only take a ‘portrait’ photograph of someone if they know and agree to having their photograph taken. Do you agree or

disagree with the statement? Explain your reason in depth. Can you find a quote by a photographer, a critic or a journalist (someone important) to back up your argument? Ensure that you relate your argument here in some way to the photograph you are analyzing and to some your own photographs?

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5) Responding to a quote

Read the quotes by different famous photographers on page 14. Choose only 1 of these quotes, then write responses to all the following questions and prompts below (make sure that you don’t forget to complete question e). a) Research the photographer and include the country and date of birth b) Include the quote in your analysis c) Explain what has been said in the quote in your own words d) Respond to this quote (perhaps discuss whether you agree or disagree with what has been said by the photographer in this quote etc.) e) Relate this quote in some way to: the photograph / photographer you are analysing and to your own work

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6) What is the most striking visual element of this portrait photograph? Consider whether it is one of the following:

The lighting The shadows The texture of the skin The eyes The facial expression The cropping Unusual composition Strong angles Shallow or deep depth of field The balance between positive & negative space Strong colours or monochrome tones & shades Something else that has not been mentioned Explain your reason for thinking this in some detail and include quotes by the photographer if you can find them.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7) What is your personal response to this photograph and how does this photograph inspire you and relate to your own work? Explain your response in some depth.

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Lee Jeffries

David Graphistolage

Richard Brockden

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Questions for a portrait photograph of a famous model / celebrity etc. (Page 6 & 7) Write out the actual questions (but only the sections in bold black) READ THE INFORMATION ON PAGE 3 BEFORE YOU START ANSWERING THESE QUESTIONS ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1) Introductory Information What is the name of the photographer? (Date and country of birth if you can find it) Is this photographer a professional photographer? If the answer is yes, then write down 2 companies that she/he has worked for, or 2 famous magazines that have featured her/his photographs or 2 galleries that she/he has exhibited their work in? (You will need to use initial research to answer this question). Only write a couple of sentences for this. 2a) What is the photographer’s motivation for being a photographer? 2b) What is the photographer’s motivation for taking / creating these types of images? (Only write basic information – no life stories – couple of sentences at the most. Only write this if you have read it – don’t make it up!) Include quotes in here if you can.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3a) Who is the person in the photograph? 3b) What is this person famous for? 3c) Is this the type of portrait you would expect to see of this particular person? 3d) What is the relationship between that person and the photographer? i.e. Are they married? Long-standing friends? Etc. (if you cannot find this information, then leave this question out)

4) What is the most crucial conceptual element in this celebrity portrait photograph? Age

Beauty

Personality

Perfection

Flaws

Emotion

Lifestyle

Something else that has not been mentioned

Explain your reason for thinking this in some detail and include quotes if you can. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5) Responding to a statement Select one of the following statements to respond to:

It is easier to achieve success with ‘celebrity’ portrait photographs than an ordinary portrait photographs because many viewers will believe. Do you agree or disagree with the statement? Explain your reason in depth. Can you find a quote by a photographer, a critic or a journalist (someone important) to back up your argument? Ensure that you relate your argument here in some way to the photograph you are analyzing and to some your own photographs?

It is more difficult to achieve an ‘honest’ portrait photograph of a ‘celebrity’ because they may want to only present a particular aspect of themselves to the viewer. Do you agree or disagree with the statement? Explain your reason in depth. Can you find a quote by a photographer, a critic or a journalist (someone important) to back up your argument? Ensure that you relate your argument here in some way to the photograph you are analyzing and to some your own photographs?

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6) Responding to a quote

Read the quotes by different famous photographers on page 14. Choose only 1 of these quotes, then write responses to all the following questions and prompts below (make sure that you don’t forget to complete question e). a) Research the photographer and include the country and date of birth b) Include the quote in your analysis c) Explain what has been said in the quote in your own words d) Respond to this quote (perhaps discuss whether you agree or disagree with what has been said by the photographer in this quote etc.) e) Relate this quote in some way to: the photograph / photographer you are analysing and to your own work

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7) What is the most striking visual element of this celebrity portrait photograph? Consider whether it is one of the following:

The lighting The shadows The texture of the skin The eyes The facial expression The cropping Unusual composition Strong angles Shallow or deep depth of field The balance between positive & negative space Strong colours or monochrome tones & shades Something that has not been mentioned Explain your reason for thinking this in some detail and include quotes by the photographer if you can find them.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8) What is your personal response to this photograph and how does this photograph inspire you and relate to your own work? Explain your response in some depth and include key quotes (remember to either respond to some of the quotes, agree or disagree with what has been said if this is appropriate).

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Leonardo DiCaprio by David LaChapelle

Thom York by Rankin

Madonna by Mario Testino

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Questions for a beauty portrait photograph (Page 8 & 9) Write out the actual questions (but only the sections in bold black) READ THE INFORMATION ON PAGE 3 BEFORE YOU START ANSWERING THESE QUESTIONS (Try to find out who the stylist is. Remember that in most beauty / cosmetics based photographs the person applying the make-up / accessories on the model is the stylist and not the photographer. Try to show your knowledge of this in your analysis and include the name of the stylist / make-up artists where appropriate.)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1) Introductory Information What is the name of the photographer? (Date and country of birth if you can find it) Is this photographer a professional photographer? If the answer is yes, then write down 2 companies that she/he has worked for, or 2 famous magazines that have featured her/his photographs or 2 galleries that she/he has exhibited their work in? (You will need to use initial research to answer this question). Only write a couple of sentences for this. 2a) What is the photographer’s motivation for being a photographer? 2b) What is the photographer’s motivation for taking / creating these types of images? (Only write basic information – no life stories – couple of sentences at the most. Only write this if you have read it – don’t make it up!) Include quotes in here if you can.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3a) Does this photograph advertise any particular cosmetic or fashion brand? (if you can’t find this out, then do not answer 3a, 3b & 3c) 3b) What type of imagery does this cosmetic or fashion brand usually use in its advertising? Look at examples of their adverts Classic Safe & Expected Exciting Pushing the boundaries Something else that has not been mentioned Explain your reason for thinking this in some detail and include quotes if you can.

3c) Is the styling in this photograph similar of different to photographs used in their other advertising campaigns? Discuss this in some depth. You will need to research other advertising photographs used by this brand and make comparisons)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4) Discuss the cosmetic styling of the face that you see in the photograph. Consider whether any of the following concepts are important: Natural beauty Strong colours One dominant colour Blended & smooth Reliant on props Emphasis on eyes or lips Embellishing the skin Split imagery Disheveled Smudged Distressed look ‘Heroin Chic’ Something else that has not been mentioned Explain your reason for thinking this in some detail and include quotes by the photographer if you can find them.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Only answer these questions if the photographer and the stylist are different: (If you can’t find out any information on the stylist, then leave the question out: 5a) Who is the stylist? (name, date and place of birth) 5b) Which photographers has this stylist worked with before? 5c) Which cosmetics or fashion brands has this stylist worked with before? (name just a few) 5d) What are the particular styling skills of this stylist?

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6) Responding to a statement Select one of the following statements to respond to: In beauty portraits, the success of the photographs depends more on the skill of stylist rather than the skill of the photographer. Do you agree or disagree with the statement? Explain your reason in depth. Can you find a quote by a photographer, a critic or a journalist (someone important) to back up your argument? Ensure that you relate your argument here in some way to the photograph you are analyzing and to some your own photographs?

Beauty portraits should always considered as a ‘lesser’ art form than ‘character’ portraits. Do you agree or disagree with the statement?

Explain your reason in depth. Can you find a quote by a photographer, a critic or a journalist (someone important) to back up your argument? Ensure that you relate your argument here in some way to the photograph you are analyzing and to some your own photographs?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7) Responding to a quote Read the quotes by different famous photographers on page 15. Choose only 1 of these quotes, then write responses to all the following questions and prompts below (make sure that you don’t forget to complete question e). a) Research the photographer and include the country and date of birth b) Include the quote in your analysis c) Explain what has been said in the quote in your own words d) Respond to this quote (perhaps discuss whether you agree or disagree with what has been said by the photographer this quote etc.) e) Relate this quote in some way to: the photograph / photographer you are analysing and to your own work

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8) What is your personal response to this photograph and how does this photograph inspire or relate to your own work? Explain your response in some depth

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Alix Malka

Richard Burbridge

9 Camilla Akrans


Questions for a self-portrait photograph (Page 10 & 11) Write out the actual questions (but only the sections in bold black) READ THE INFORMATION ON PAGE 3 BEFORE YOU START ANSWERING THESE QUESTIONS ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1) Introductory Information What is the name of the photographer? (Date and country of birth if you can find it) Is this photographer a professional photographer? If the answer is yes, then write down 2 companies that she/he has worked for, or 2 famous magazines that have featured her/his photographs or 2 galleries that she/he has exhibited their work in? (You will need to use initial research to answer this question). Only write a couple of sentences for this. 2a) What is the photographer’s motivation for being a photographer? 2b) What is the photographer’s motivation for taking / creating these types of images? (Only write basic information – no life stories – couple of sentences at the most. Only write this if you have read it – don’t make it up!) Include quotes in here if at all possible.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3) Why did this photographer / artist want to photograph him / herself? Use information from any found interviews here if possible and add quotes here if you can. If you cannot find out this information, then leave out the question

4) Discuss how the photographer has chosen to portray him or herself in this photograph and in your opinion what is the photographer trying to communicate to the viewer? Consider whether any of the following elements are important in the photograph: Fame

Age

Personality

Truth & Honesty

Distortion of truth

Flaws or Perfection

Emotions

Something else that has not been mentioned

Try to find out whether the photographer (or anyone else) has said anything at all about this image and add quotes here if you can.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5) Responding to a statement Select one of the following statements to respond to:

It is difficult for photographers to create ‘honest’ photographic self-portraits because there is always something that they will want to hold back from the audience. Do you agree or disagree with the statement? Explain your reason in depth. Can you find a quote by a photographer, a critic or a journalist (someone important) to back up your argument? Ensure that you relate your argument here in some way to the photograph you are analyzing and to some your own photographs?

Photographic self-portraits are the most honest way for artists to create self-portraits. Do you agree or disagree with the statement? Explain your reason in depth. Can you find a quote by a photographer, a critic or a journalist (someone important) to back up your argument? Ensure that you relate your argument here in some way to the photograph you are analyzing and to some your own photographs?

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6) What is the most striking visual element of this portrait photograph? Consider whether it is one of the following: The lighting The shadows The texture of the skin The eyes The facial expression The cropping unusual composition strong angles shallow or deep depth of field the balance between positive & negative space strong colours or monochrome tones & shades Something not yet mentioned Explain your reason for thinking this in some detail and include quotes by the photographer if you can find them.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7) What is your personal response to this photograph and how does this photograph inspire you and relate to your own work? Explain your response in some depth and include key quotes (remember to either respond to some of the quotes, agree or disagree with what has been said if this is appropriate)

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Julia Hember

Rankin

Peggy Jarrell Kaplan

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Questions for a experimental / Surreal portrait photograph (Page 12 & 13) Write out the actual questions (but only the sections in bold black) READ THE INFORMATION ON PAGE 3 BEFORE YOU START ANSWERING THESE QUESTIONS ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1) Introductory Information What is the name of the photographer? (Date and country of birth if you can find it) Is this photographer a professional photographer? If the answer is yes, then write down 2 companies that she/he has worked for or 2 famous magazines that have featured her/his photographs or 2 galleries that she/he has exhibited their work in? (You will need to use initial research to answer this question). Only write a couple of sentences for this. 2a) What is the photographer’s motivation for being a photographer? 2b) What is the photographer’s motivation for taking / creating these types of images? (Only write basic information – no life stories – couple of sentences at the most. Only write this if you have read it – don’t make it up!) Include quotes in here if you can. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (Only answer question 3a the first time you answer this set of questions) 3a) In your own words, define what ‘experimental’ means and what ‘Surreal’ means and explain the differences between them both. Answer either Question 3b or 3C 3b) If you consider that this is a ‘Surreal’ photograph then what are the visual elements in this portrait that make it Surreal? Describe and explain these visual elements. Consider whether any of the following elements are relevant (if not then identify your own visual element): missing facial features distortion of facial features the meaning of metamorphosis)

metamorphism of human faces into other things such as animals or machines (research

3c) If you consider that this is an ‘experimental’ photograph then what are the visual elements in this portrait that make it experimental? Describe and explain these visual elements ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4)a Are there important ideas being explored in this photograph? Do your very best to find out facts about this and add quotes in here if you can. If you cannot find out any definite facts, then discuss whether you think that there are important ideas being explored, but don’t go overboard and give an ‘over-the-top’ response – keep it low-key and reasonable.

4b) Is the imagery symbolic of an event or of an emotion)? Do your very best to find out facts about this and add quotes in here if you can. If you cannot find out any definite facts, then discuss your own interpretation of the imagery, but don’t go overboard and give an ‘over-the-top’ response – keep it low-key and reasonable.

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5) Responding to a statement

Select one of the following statements to respond to:

It is easier to create Surreal photographic imagery when using digital editing software. Do you agree or disagree with the statement? Explain your reason in depth. Can you find a quote by a photographer, a critic or a journalist (someone important) to back up your argument? Ensure that you relate your argument here in some way to the photograph you are analyzing and to some your own photographs?

When images have been over-manipulated, they stop being photographs and become pieces of ‘Fine Art’ instead. Do you agree or

disagree with the statement? Explain your reason in depth. Can you find a quote by a photographer, a critic or a journalist (someone important) to back up your argument? Ensure that you relate your argument here in some way to the photograph you are analyzing and to some your own photographs?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6) What is the most striking visual element of this portrait photograph? Consider whether it is one of the following:

The lighting The shadows The texture of the skin The eyes The facial expression The cropping unusual composition strong angles shallow or deep depth of field the balance between positive & negative space strong colours or monochrome tones & shades Something not yet mentioned Explain your reason for thinking this in some detail and include quotes by the photographer if you can find them.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7) What is your personal response to this photograph and how does this photograph inspire or relate to your own work? Explain your response in some depth

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Mari Mahr

Oleg Dou

Sonja Hesslow

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Quotes for portrait based photographs (Quote 1) “In a portrait, you have room to have a point of view. The image may not be literally what’s going on, but it’s representative” – Annie Leibovitz (Quote 2) “Sensitive people faced with the prospect of a camera portrait, put on a face they think is the

one they would like to show the world …. Every so often what lies behind the façade is rare and more wonderful than the subject knows or dares believe” – Irving Penn (Quote 3) “A photographic portrait is a picture of someone who knows he is being photographed, and

what he does with this knowledge is as much a part of the photograph as what he’s wearing or how he looks” – Richard Avedon (Quote 4) “It’s one thing to make a picture of what a person looks like, it’s another thing to make a portrait of who they are.”— Paul Caponigro (Quote 5) “I think if you don’t love people and aren’t fascinated by them, you’ll never succeed as a portrait photographer, because your pictures will look cold” – Rankin (Quote 6) “A portrait is not made in the camera but on either side of it.” Edward Steichen (Quote 7) “My job as a portrait photographer is to seduce, amuse and entertain.” Helmut Newton (Quote 8) “Like most portrait photographers, I aim to record the instant the subject is not thinking about

being photographed, striving to get beyond the practiced facial performance, reaching for something unplanned.” Martin Schoeller (Quote 9) “I try to get my focus right so the eyes and the lips are the focus. Everything falls away so quickly

because of the shallow depth of field. Everything else becomes secondary. So not only am I focusing on just the face, I’m even concentrating it more by having everything else look like it’s out of focus.” Martin Schoeller

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Quotes for beauty portrait based photographs (Quote 1)” I don’t see that what I’m doing now is any less creative than something you’d hang in a

gallery – I approach my work in exactly the same way, the only difference is that it’s art on demand” – Andrew Gallimore (make-up artist)

(Quote 2) “Models are casted carefully and I gladly take in the crew’s opinions as well. For beauty

especially, it is important to have the makeup artist be inspired by the model’s features as well” – Jamie Nelson (photographer)

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Shortened artist analysis guidelines (portraits) 2017 18  
Shortened artist analysis guidelines (portraits) 2017 18  
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