Info-graphics Project Introduction to U6th Coursework
The Index The Index: Page 2 The Brief: Page 3 Links to video tutorials: Page 4 & 5 Examples of Info-graphics by artists & designers: Pages 6 – 24 An example of last year’s L6th student’s piece of info-graphics on the theme of travel: Pages 25 - 28 Examples of Info-graphics by past students: Pages 29 – 38 U6th Examples of Info-Graphics used as part of Editorials: Pages 39 - 44 More examples of info-graphics by artists & designers: Pages 45 – 47
Info - Graphics Brief Task 1: Answer the questions - What is Info-Graphics? What is it used for? Task 2: select from one of the following topics: Locations / Travel / London Task 3: Select one of these topics and find 4 different sets of statistics relating to this topic Task 4: Find 4 examples of good quality info-graphics on this topic by artists / designers Task 5: Select 1 set of statistics (that you found) and then brain - storm ideas on how you can potentially show these statistics in a creative and imaginative way. Task 6: select one of the formats mentioned below and present your set of statistics in this format (you will need to learn how to do basic versions of a & b first – see tutorial address on next slide) a) ‘pie-chart’ formats b) ‘bar graph’ formats c) ‘symbols’ formats d) ‘comparisons’ formats e) ‘line & destination’ formats Experiment with different layouts (consider colours, shapes, scale, use of and placement of text etc.) Consider carefully whether or not you are going to include a key or not and if so, how you are going to effectively incorporate this key into your piece of info-graphics. Task 7: Select another set of statistics and present in a different format. Outcomes: all 4 sets of statistics presented using a different creative format •
For now, upload onto your Coursework SWAY (the one with Swissted etc. on). We will decide what to move over to your U6th SWAY at a later date.
Before you do the complicated versions of pie-charts and Bar Graphs you need to learn how to do the basic versions (see examples below) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=97WcHeqTCnM Basic Pie-Chart – Example 1 (watch between 40 seconds - 7 mins 27 seconds Basic Bar Graph – Example 2 (watch between 7 mins 27 seconds - 10 mins 35 seconds Basic Line Graph – Example 3 (watch between 10 mins 35 seconds to the end
To learn how to make a Radial Chart, then watch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8erFG5e2bgo
If you would like to learn how to create 3D shapes, as seen in the image on the left, then please watch the following tutorial on: https://youtu.be/w-5jML56tSk You are not required to make your own shapes at this stage unless you are going to be using them in your info-graphics designs, however it would be useful to know how to do them in the L6th year. 5
EXAMPLES OF CREATIVE INFO-GRAPHICS BY ARTISTS & DESIGNERS
PIE-CHART BASED FORMAT
Example of a traditional ‘pie-chart’ (to avoid)
A more sophisticated ‘Pie-Chart’ format info-graphics This is a pie-chart which shows 4 years in the professional life of ‘The Beatles’. There is a ‘key’ on the bottom left hand side and information such as years and months are situated on the pie chart itself. Also special events such as the release of albums are added on the pie 9 chart.
This is a pie-chart which shows the top 5 finishers in the Tour de France between 1905 – 2012. There is a ‘key’ on the bottom which links the colours used in the design to individual countries and a ‘key’ in the centre of the chart to show which ring represents 1st place through to 5th place.
BAR GRAPH BASED FORMAT
Example of a traditional ‘Bar Graph’ (to avoid)
Bar Graph working upwards from a base line (a zero point)
There is a â€˜keyâ€™ and it is positioned underneath the graph. Each poppy represents 10,000 deaths in 20th Century wars. The different colour poppies represent different continents and the size of the poppies represent the number of deaths. The bigger the poppy, the more deaths.
A timeline runs across the horizontal axis and the duration of each war (in years) is shown on the vertical axis. 13
Bar Graph working upwards from a ‘base line’ based on a ‘comparison’ format using symbols This is a piece of infographics that show the comparison in heights of different buildings in New York City using ‘symbols’. There is no ‘key’. There is no indication of any height in meters or the date when each building was built. It is therefore difficult to work out what the original data was. 14
Bar Graph working outwards & downwards from a ‘centre point’ This is a piece of info-graphics showing how far each planet in the solar system is located from the Sun based on AU (astronomical unit) 1 x AU = approx. 150 million km. This is the only ‘key’ that is included on this piece of info-graphics. Each planet is differentiated by colour and is categorised by scale (the larger planets such as Jupiter and Saturn) are allocated far bigger circles than small planets such as Mercury and Venus. The AU distance is written on the bottom of each line. The planets are not aligned in order of distance from the Sun (probably to balance out the large circles within the overall design).
SYMBOLS BASED FORMAT
Info-graphics focusing on ‘Quantity’ using percentages and symbols There is no ‘key’ – all the information is included with each individual illustration.
Each cocktail is shown individually as a shaped glass which include quantities of individual beverages that make up a range of different cocktails. The name of each cocktail is written below the shape of each glass and each of the different beverages are given a different colour and in these strips of colour, each of the beverages are named and the quantity of each one is included. Therefore there is no need for a separate ‘key’. 17
COMPARISON BASED FORMAT
Showing ‘differences in amounts’ using a comparison format (colours & scale) Spending by different U.K. government departments in the 2010 – 2011 financial year. Each different department is shown in a different colour (with linking departments in different shades of that same colour) The actual ‘spend’ is located inside or next to each circle and is calculated in billions & millions. The entire ‘spend’ is in the central 19 grey circle.
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (produced by different regions of the world). Each different region of the world is awarded a colour -the more Carbon Dioxide each county emits, the bigger the circle. The amount of CO2 is written inside the circles (in million tonnes) There is a â€˜keyâ€™ on the left hand side and the information is presented again in a different format at the bottom of the image (but not grouped together in regions). 20
LINE & DESTINATION BASED FORMAT
Lines & Destinations
In a ‘line & destination’ piece of info-graphics, there are usually 2 destinations that need to be linked together by either straight of curved lines. The lines are usually very thin and the designers often use a dark background for an added visual effect. In this piece, there is a ‘key’ added in the top left corner and the 2 destinations (the date at the bottom and the planet shown by a symbol and accompanying name across the top) is linked by a colour line that corresponds to the colour of the planet.
This is a ‘line & destination’ based piece of info-graphics with the addition of a ‘map’ symbol. The design shows different ‘info-graphics’ events from around the world during 2011 and 2012. There is no ‘key’, the title is self-explanatory and the information is placed around the outside of the circle and is dependent on colours to link the 2 destinations together. 23
This info-graphics concerns the top 50 most popular fonts that were created in either the USA or in Europe. USA fonts are shown in Orange and Europe in Blue. Each line links 2 destinations: the name of the font and the town or city where it was developed on an outline map of either USA or Europe.
An example of last yearâ€™s L6th studentâ€™s piece of info-graphics on the theme of travel
Student Example 1: Total visits to New York state between the years 2010 - 2015 Statistics presented in an unimaginative, straightforward way 2015 Total: 58.5 million 2014 Total: 56.5 million 2013 Total: 54.3 million 2012 Total: 52.7 million 2011 Total: 50.9 million 2010 Total: 48.8 million
Design Idea 1: Format: Bar Graph (Horizontal) Key: Top right The different years are signified by the colours
Visitor numbers are shown across the bottom of the axis in 10â€™s of millions
2010 Total: 48.8 million 2011 Total: 50.9 million 2012 Total: 52.7 million 2013 Total: 54.3 million 2014 Total: 56.5 million 2015 Total: 58.5 million
Design Idea 2 (final submission) Format: Bar Graph (Vertical) Key: Top Right There is a background design of a cockpit dial and an outline of New York state.
The different years are on the horizontal axis
2010 Total: 48.8 million 2011 Total: 50.9 million 2012 Total: 52.7 million 2013 Total: 54.3 million 2014 Total: 56.5 million
Visitor numbers are shown down the side of the axis in multiple of 2 millions (between 46 and 58 million).
2015 Total: 58.5 million
The Bar Graph has been combined with aeroplane symbols to indicate where each bar ends.
EXAMPLES OF CREATIVE INFO-GRAPHICS BY PAST L6th STUDENTS ON A RANGE OF THEMES 29
PIE-CHART BASED FORMAT
The theme of this piece of info-graphics is music genres preferred by different age groups. Each of the individual rings represents a different genre of music i.e. the outer ring is ‘Dance Music’, the ring inside that is ‘Classical Music’ etc. The age groups are provided in a ‘key’ located in the bottom left.
BAR GRAPH COMBINED WITH SYMBOLS FORMAT
The theme of this piece of info-graphics is the amount of revenue each of the first 7 released â€˜Star Warsâ€™ films made. It is a basic vertical Bar Graph format with the year of release across the bottom and the number of dollars generated thus far up the left side. Each of the symbols is an iconic image from that film and they placed on the equivalent amount of revenue. 31
The theme of this piece of info-graphics is de-forestation. It is a basic bar-graph showing the 8 countries that lost the most forests during the 5 year period between 2000 – 2005. The countries are shown as outlines with names underneath. There is a basic numbers line on the left hand side showing the average number of hectares lost during this 5 year period. The top of each tree symbol corresponds with the number of hectares. There is no ‘key’.
SYMBOLS BASED FORMAT (often accompanied by a range of different formats i.e. pie-chart & bar graph used together) 33
The theme of this piece of info-graphics is coffee production and it shows the top 10 coffee producing countries (signified by the symbol of a coffee cup with a section of that country’s flag as the pattern). The percentage of coffee production is added as percentages above the coffee cup and each one is accompanied by a subtle section of a pie-chart in the form of a curved line. There is no ‘key’.
COMPARISON BASED FORMAT
This is a piece of info-graphics that addresses countries that emit Carbon Dioxide in 2015. There is a basic â€˜Keyâ€™ at the bottom right which indicates the countries with above and below 5% emissions.
LINE & DESTINATION BASED FORMAT
This piece of infographics concerns the discovering and naming of stars. You see roughly whereabouts in the night sky each of the stars are located and then which country each of the star’s discoverer was based in when first discovering it. There is a linking line between the star and the country. There is no ‘key‘ with this piece of info-graphics.
U6th Examples of Info-Graphics used as part of Editorials
This is a page from an editorial on issues concerning the banking system, it is about the breakdown (in billions) of the ten most illicit industries in 2011
This is a page from the same editorial, it is about countries where money laundering is most prevalent.
This is a page from an editorial on pollution, it is about most polluted areas of London and the surrounding counties. London itself is shown by the river Thames and the most polluted areas are shown via the size of the grey rectangles. There is no â€˜Keyâ€™, but there is some additional information on the bottom left side of the design.
This is a page from an editorial on issues concerning technology, it is about issues that most concern people about using the internet There is no â€˜keyâ€™ but there is a combination of both bar graph and piechart based information.
This is a page from an editorial on issues concerning dreams, it is about the most common dreams.
It is in a very complex Bar Graph format. Each of the 8 most common dreams has its own bar and has an accompanying percentage number. The more common, the further away from the centre it is. There is no â€˜Keyâ€™.
More Artistsâ€™ examples