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Welcome -   Kids and Shakespeare  When my son was four, a friend and I took him to see Pittsburgh Shakespeare in the Parks’ production of MacBeth. He watched a little, and ran around in the park a lot. In the car on the way home, he turned to me and said, “You know, I think MacBeth was only pretending to be a good guy.”​ And I realized for the first (but not the last) time how much children absorb when they don’t appear to be paying any attention. The Royal Shakespeare Company’s artistic director, Gregory Doran, in an ​interview​ in the Telegraph, discussed their manifesto “Stand up for Shakespeare” encouraging children to see Shakespeare live and to start early, before they experience “the prejudices and stresses and strains of the idea that Shakespeare is somehow difficult or boring or academic.” After all, “[w]hat Shakespeare is brilliant at is speaking to a lot of audiences at the same time and we can appreciate it on many different levels,” explaining that in his own "experience of getting to know Shakespeare as a child, I was grabbed by the stories first of all. Then you grow up and become engaged by the language [and the] ethics and morality.” Doran went on to say that in working with primary schools across Britain, children as young as five can be “captivated” by Shakespeare. In their work with children, the RSC points to three elements for the experience: (1) live performance, (2) original language, and (3) a play abridged to a length appropriate for the age of the child. Not only does PSIP have have the first two elements covered, our productions are by nature essentially self-abridging, simply by virtue of being performed outside in a park. Any child in the audience can dip in and out of the play at will (as did my four-year old son) without bothering any other audience members, going off to run on the grounds or play in the playground and coming back at will. The audience at a PSIP show has already been told to move around in the area as needed to enhance their performance. They are already prepared for the minor distractions of being outside -- planes, birds, the sound of other people enjoying the day in the park. The minor movement of children as they enjoy the play, or find something else more enjoyable outside the audience circle, is no more distracting than any other part of the experience -- no

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hushing, or requests to sit up straight, or admonitions to please-stop-kicking- the-seatin-front-of-you are necessary. In order to further enhance your child’s experience, we offer a number of activities in this guide, including two different synopses. One, in comic form, is a 44 page retelling of the story, loosely based on our production and drawn with an all female cast. The second synopsis is a Freeze/Action script. In this activity, a narrator sets a scene, the students act out lines from the play, and freeze again for the next narration. This is an activity that could be performed in a group - or just a by a single child, reading all of the parts. Done before a show, this activity can act like an old-fashioned musical overture - providing an overview of the themes of the show and some lines to watch out for, while rendering more accessible the meaning (and the humor) of the play. In my own experience as the director of a children’s Shakespeare troupe called Falstaff’s Fellows, I have found that the requirements of acting a shortened, but otherwise original language script -- active consideration of which words to emphasize, what movements to make or not make, and how all of those changes affect meaning -- supercharged the ability of the children (our youngest was seven) to understand the Shakespearian language wherever they encountered it, not merely in the play they were presenting. We’ve also provided other activities, a word scramble, a word search, and my personal favorite, the mad lib. In addition, we’ve provided three prompts for creating something to send back to us -- a review, a drawing, or a re-telling of the show -- together with our email address. We’ll collect any submissions we receive into a gallery on our blog and/or webpage. For those interested in further educational materials, we’ve provided links to online scripts and materials put together for schools by the Folger Library, the Royal Shakespeare Company, and the Idaho Shakespeare Festival. We hope that you enjoy the offerings here and that you and your children enjoy our production! Catherine Aceto PSIP Board

Images Copyright © 2019 Lydia Aceto All other contents Copyright © 2019 Catherine Welsh Aceto, except where otherwise expressly indicated. License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

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Contents     About the sTORY  Illustrated Synopsis   FREEZE/AcTION SCRIPT   Character Connections    At the Show  Preshow Workshop   Handouts   Pre-Show StoryTelling     Behind the scenes   Meet the cast   Doubling the roles   CReate a Character   Hang out BackSTAGE   AT OUR BLOG and    FACEBOOK   Create a Costume  

Activities   Word scramble   Word search    Mad Libs   Coloring Page  Design a shield   Shakespeare compliments    Talk BAck to Us   Write a review   Draw a picture   Re-imagine the story     Online Education Materials    Appendix A:   Freeze/Action Script 

This Guide is available both as a downloadable pdf and as an online flipbook. Link for downloadable ​pdf ​version: tiny.cc/Kids_Guide https://drive.google.com/file/d/1IPoWarIOJP56c7OJOg8IJcCWPLaePVIY/view?usp=sharing Link for ​Flipbook ​version: tiny.cc/KG_flpbk https://issuu.com/cat.aceto/docs/parents_and_kids__guide_to_julius_caesar 4


Illustrated Synopsis A 44 page comic, based on PSIP’s 2019 production of Julius Caesar, written and illustrated by local artist Lydia Aceto License: Creative Commons, CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. View as a ​flipbook for desktop tiny.cc/flipbk_comp View as a​ flipbook for mobile tiny.cc/flipbk_phone

Download as a ​pdf tiny.cc/illus_syn

Freeze/Action script Located at Appendix A to this Guide, this ​script ​can be performed or read by a group of children or by a single child playing all of the parts. Based on an educational exercise called Freeze/Animate/Freeze, the readers arrange themselves in a tableau based on the narration, act out the lines given from the script, and then freeze again for the next part of the synopsis, continuing this way through the entire production. When read or performed before seeing the show, as discussed in the Welcome section above, this script acts like an old-fashioned musical overture - providing an overview of the themes of the show and a few lines to watch out for, while rendering more accessible the meaning (and the humor) of the play. Encourage the readers to try different emphases and actions with the lines to see how those changes can bring different meanings to the words. The script was prepared specifically for this production by Catherine Aceto and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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At the show PRESHOW WORKSHOP​: “HOW AN ACTOR PREPARES: FOR KIDS - AND ADULTS - OF ALL AGES!

FINAL THREE WEEKENDS ONLY Sat and Sun, at 1 pm. Participants should arrive by 12:45. Free, donations accepted.

DESCRIPTION: Have you ever wondered how actors “do what they do”? What happens backstage before the curtain rises? Join teaching artists Tonya Lynn and Sarah Carleton as they lead participants through a brief vocal and physical performer warm-up, do text work and physicalization of language on the famous Brutus and Cassius argument scene, and check out how PSIP sets up our ‘stage’ and how fight call is run.

PRESHOW STORYTELLING BY ALAN IRVINE​: ALL SHOWS EXCEPT SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 7 DESCRIPTION: Julius Caesar: The Quick Version - right before the play, Storyteller Alan Irvine presents a fast-paced, comic, storytelling version of the play so that you can tell who's who and what's happening. KIDS’ SUPPLEMENT TO THE PROGRAM ALL SHOWS Coloring page, and copies of the Mad Libs, Word Search and Word Scramble found in this guide will be available for children.

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Doubling the roles   In this production, three of the four main characters (Brutus, Cassius, and Antony) are played by an actor who plays only those roles. The actor playing Julius Caesar (who dies halfway through the play) plays other characters after Caesar’s death. The remainder of the characters in the play are taken by the Ensemble -- each of whom play multiple characters, in some cases up to six different roles!

In order to make it clear that their different characters are separate people, actors will change costumes or costume pieces, as well as the way they use their bodies and voices. As you watch the show, look out for the same actor playing different roles. How did you know the role had changed?

**************************************************** CREATE A CHARACTER  Here’s a game to try out making your own characters changes based on body movements and minimal props. A SCARF, A STICK, A BOOK: A character charades game for two or more players. Gather from around your house the three props: (1) a scarf (or tablecloth, or large napkin, or similar piece of cloth), (2) a stick (or ruler, or pointer, or similar thin pointy object) and (3) a book (or small box or any other rectangular object). Choose any story that all players know (could be a fairy tale, a movie, a book, etc.). Players take turns choosing a character from the story and acting out that character without using any words. The player should think about the mannerisms of the character they are portraying. Would they move fast or slow? Wave their hands or make only small gestures? The player may use any or all of the props in any way they choose (the book, for example, could be a shield in a battle or a baby wrapped in the scarf and being cradled in the player’s arms). The other players take turns guessing which character is being acted out.

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HAng OUT BACKstaGE   AT OUR BLOG and Facebook   Check out Pittsburgh Shakespeare in the Parks’ ​Blog ​ and ​Facebook​ where throughout the rehearsal period we will be posting interviews with and information about actors and production staff, such as our Julius Caesar,​ Irene Alby​.

            First Production Meeting: Designer Lisa Liebering (far left) discusses costumes with Director Elena Alexandratos (right) while Artistic Director Jennifer Tober (far right) and board members look on. Photo credit: Cat Aceto

**************************************************** CREATE A COSTUME   Many of the actors in this production of Julius Caesar will wear togas and laurel leaves. You can make your own costume with a bed sheet following these directions from Smithsonian.com​.

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HINT: The words are taken from the list of words in the Word Search  11


Word Search   Julius Caesar 

ARTEMIDORUS BRUTUS CALPURNIA CASCA CASSIUS CINNA CONSPIRATORS DOGS OF WAR

IDES OF MARCH JULIUS CAESAR MARC ANTONY MESALLA MESSENGER OCTAVIUS PLEBIAN PORTIA

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REPUBLIC ROME SOLDIERS SOOTHSAYER STRATO


Mad Libs   Antony’s Speech at Caesar’s Funeral Friends, Romans, Country​___(noun)___​__, lend me your ​___(noun)___​_: I come to bury Caesar, not to ​___(verb)___ ​him: The ​___(noun)____​ that men do, lives after them, The ​___(noun)____​ is oft interred with their bones, So let it be with Caesar. The ​___(adjective)___​Brutus, Hath told you Caesar was ambitious: If it were so, it was a ​___(adjective)___​ fault, And grievously hath Caesar ​___(past tense verb)___​ it. Here, under leave of Brutus, and the rest (For Brutus is an ​___(adjective)___​ ​___(noun)___​_, So are they all; ​___(adjective)___​ _​ __(plural noun)___​_) Come I to ​___(verb)___ ​in Caesar’s ​___(noun)____​ . He was my ​___(noun)____​ , ​___(adjective)___​ and just to me; But Brutus says he was Ambitious, And Brutus is an honourable ​___(noun)___​_. He hath brought many ​___(noun)___​_home to Rome, Whose ransoms did the general coffers fill: Did this in Caesar seem ambitious? When that the ​___(noun)___​_have cried, Caesar hath ​___(verb)___:​ Ambition should be made of sterner stuff, Yet Brutus says he was ambitious: And Brutus is an ​___(adjective)___​ ​___(noun)____​ . You all did see, that on the Lupercall, I thrice presented him a kingly ​___(noun)___​_, Which he did thrice ​___(verb)___.​ Was this ambition? Yet Brutus says, he was ambitious: And sure he is an honourable ​___(noun)____​ . Brutus’s Speech at Caesar’s Funeral Romans, Countrymen and Lovers, ​___(verb)___​ me for my cause, and be silent, that you may ​___(verb)___.​ Believe me for mine honor, and have respect to mine Honor, that you may believe. Censure me in your Wisdom, and awake your​___(noun)____​ , that you may the better ​___(verb)___​. If there be any in this​___(collective noun)___​, any ​___(adjective)___ friend of Caesar’s, to him I say, that Brutus’ love to Caesar, was no less than his. If then, that Friend demand, why Brutus rose against Caesar, this is my 13


answer: Not that I loved Caesar less , but that I loved ​___(noun)____​ more. Had you rather Caesar were ​___(verb ending in -ing)____​ , and die all ​___(collective noun)____​ ; than that Caesar were ​___(adjective)____​ , to live all free men? As Caesar loved me, I ​___(past tense verb)____​ for him; as he was​___(adjective)____​ , I rejoice at it; as he was​___(adjective)___​_, I honour him: But, as he was​___(adjective)____​ , I slew him. There is ​___(noun)____​ , for his ​___(noun)____​ : Joy, for his ​___(noun)___​_: Honor, for his ___(noun)___​_: and death, for his ambition. A Silly Synopsis Julius Caesar, a ​___(adjective)___R ​ oman ​___(noun)___,​ his ​___(noun)___​Calpurnia, and his protege ​___(name)___A ​ ntony, gather for the festival of ​___(noun)___,​ where Caesar is confronted by a sooth​___(verb)___​er who warns him to beware the ​___(noun)___o ​ f March. Everyone leaves to watch the festival race except for Brutus and Cassius, two ___(noun)___​who are also Senators. ​___(Adjective)___C ​ assius has become jealous of Caesar’s ___(noun)___​. He finds that ​___(adjective)___ ​Brutus also fears that Caesar is becoming too powerful. They hear shouting in the distance and later learn that Antony offered Caesar a ___(noun)___​three times, but he did not accept it. Cassius, Brutus, and others form a conspiracy to ​___(verb)___ C ​ aesar for the good of Rome. Meanwhile, Caesar has also been ​___(verb ending in -ed)___​by the night’s thunderstorm and his own wife Calpurnia’s ​___(adjective)___​dreams. Calpurnia tells him stories of the ghostly ​___(noun)___ ​seen by the guards and asks him to stay home with her. After Caesar decides to stay home, the conspirators enter, persuading Caesar that he must go to the ​___(noun)___, ​or the people will think he is afraid. Artemidorus, an ___(adjective)___s​ tatesman, writes a ​___(noun)___​to Caesar, warning him of the ___(noun)___​, but Caesar does not take the letter. At the capitol, the conspirators move close to Caesar, as if to petition him, and ___(plural verb)___​him. Caesar calls out his surprise at Brutus’ betrayal as he ​___(singular verb)___.​ At Caesar’s ​___(noun)___,​ Brutus convinces the people that Caesar was ___(adjective)___a​ nd it was proper to ​___(verb)___ ​him. Then, in a brilliant sarcastic speech, Marc Antony inflames the crowd so that Brutus and Cassius are forced to run for their lives. Antony leaves to join Octavius, Caesar’s ​___(noun)___​, and Lepidus, another ___(noun)___​, and they agree to fight the conspirators. Brutus and Cassius, who have been forced to flee from Rome, quarrel over the fact that Cassius has been taking ​___(noun)___.​ Brutus reveals to Cassius that he is ​___(adjective)___ because his wife has ​___(verb ending in -ed)___.​ When he receives an incorrect ​___(noun)___t​ hat his side is losing, Cassius ​___(singular verb)___ ​himself. The tide of the battle then turns and the conspirators are decisively beaten. Unwilling to be taken prisoner, Brutus ​___(singular verb)___h ​ imself. Antony, Octavius and their followers enter to find Brutus’ ​___(adjective)___b ​ ody. They praise Brutus’ ___(noun)___​and resolve to treat his body with honor. 14


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Design and Color   Your own  Roman  Shield  

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​https://www.folger.edu/sites/default/files/QuotesScripts_Compliments.pdf

Compliments List copyright Folger Shakespeare Library

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TalK BACK TO US:   Complete one or more of the following prompts and email a picture or document to us at PghShakespeareParksEdu@gmail.com. We’ll post responses in a gallery on our blog.

Write a review

Julius Caesar Title as seen in First Folio courtesy of Folger Shakespeare Library - CC SA-BY 4.0

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DRAW A PICTUREÂ of a scene or a character from Julius Caesar 19


RE-Imagine THE STORYÂ Set the story of Julius Caesar in a different time or place, such as the wild west, a modern high school, outer space far in the future, or a D&D campaign. What would you change? What would stay the same?

The story is set in_______________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Julius Caesar is a _______________________________________________________________ who _________________________________________________________________________ Brutus is a ____________________________________________________________________ who is worried about Caesar because he/she/they____________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Cassius is a ____________________________________________________________________ who is worried about Caesar because she/he/they____________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Brutus and Cassius decide to _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Caesar is warned of the danger by his/her/their wife/husband/partner, who_______________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ They/she/he tells Caesar of odd, frightening things that have been happening in the area, including______________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Caesar is also warned by a _______________________________________________________ who tells Caesar to _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ and finally, he is warned by a friend, Artemidorus, a __________________________________ who_________________________________________________________________________ Caesar ignores the warning and ___________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Brutus and Cassius succeed in ____________________________________________________ 20


_____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ In response, Marc Antony decides to ______________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ As a result of Antony’s actions ___________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Marc Antony, also joins with their/her/his friends Octavius, who is ______________________ and Lepidus, who is ____________________________________________________________ Together they, _________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Brutus and Cassius quarrel because _______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ They end their quarrel by _______________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Finally, Brutus and Cassius, on one side, and Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus on the other side, ____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ The story ends when ___________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Some other writing prompts include trying to tell the story only in tweets --following the example of the Royal Shakespeare Company’s S​ uch Tweet Sorrow​ project -- or from a different character’s point of view. No one is the villain of his own story -- how do you think Cassius would re-tell the plot of Julius Caesar? 21


Free Online Scripts And Other Resources  Scripts   First Folio Text​ Our 2019 production is based on the text found in the ​First Folio​ . Digital text of the First Folio can be found at ​The Bodleian First Folio​, released under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0) licence. Modern Translation​ For those interested in help as they read the script in its entirety, Spark Notes provides a free online version of their ​side-by-side translation​ of the script into modern language. Teaching Guides:     The Royal Shakespeare Company​ provides free online educational materials about Julius Caesar to support their ​2017 ​production and their 2 ​ 014 ​production. The RSC also provides other ​information and activities​ on their webpage. The Idaho Shakespeare Festival​ ​provides a​ pdf study guide​ for their educational program, Shakespearience. The Folger Library​ ​provides sample​ teaching modules​ can be found on their website. Online Animation       Ted-Ed​ provides a free, ​online animation​ which is only six minutes long, and covers the historical events treated by the play and the questions it raises in terms of loyalty, governance, and unexpected consequences.

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About Pittsburgh Shakespeare in the Parks  Now in its 15th Season, Pittsburgh Shakespeare in the Parks (PSIP) was started in 2005 by Artistic Director Jennifer Tober, a Pittsburgh actress/director who has appeared in The Queens, Macbeth 3, Salome, The Red Shoes, and directed several shows for PSIP. Tober was so inspired by the natural amphitheater at the bottom of the sledding hill in Frick Park in Squirrel Hill that she started the company with As You Like It in November 2005. The company grew and gained popularity quickly, and now offers FREE theater each autumn in three local parks, which have varied over the years. Currently, the local parks chosen are Frick, Highland Park, and Arsenal. Pittsburgh Shakespeare in the Parks' mission is to bring accessible, high quality, free Shakespeare to Pittsburgh citizens and to encourage the enjoyment and preservation of our natural public places and parks. Bring a blanket, a loved one, and a thermos!

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APPENDIX A JULIUS CAESAR FREEZE/ACTION SCRIPT

For four hundred years, Rome has been a Republic, ruled by a Senate rather than an individual. Recently, Julius Caesar, a successful Roman general, defeated his political rivals and concentrated power in his own hands. He now acts as a dictator, with the Senate ruling in name only. ACT 1, SCENE 1 is omitted in our production. ACT 1, SCENE 2 Caesar, his wife Calpurnia, his protege Marc Antony, and Senators Casca, Brutus, and Cassius have gathered for the Roman fertility festival of Lupercalia, where legend has it that any woman touched by a runner in the festival race will become pregnant. Caesar also expects the crowds gathered for the festival to celebrate his recent victories. At the festival, Caesar is confronted by a soothsayer with a warning. Caesar ​Calpurnia, stand you directly in Antonio's way when he doth run. Antonio, touch Calpurnia. Antony ​When Caesar says, “Do this;” it is performed. Soothsayer ​Caesar. Beware the Ides of March. Caesar ​Ha? Who calls? Casca ​Bid every noise be still. Caesar ​Set him before me, let me see his face. Soothsayer ​Beware the Ides of March. Caesar ​He is a dreamer; let us leave him. Pass. Everyone leaves to watch the festival race except for Brutus and Cassius, two Senators who are also generals. Brutus is known throughout Rome for his honor and nobility. Cassius has become jealous of Caesar’s power and tries to find out whether Brutus fears that Caesar is becoming too powerful and might therefore join in a plot to kill Caesar. Offstage: Flourish and Shout. Brutus ​What means this shouting? I do fear the people choose Caesar for their king. Cassius ​Ay, do you fear it? Then must I think you would not have it so.

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Brutus ​I would not, Cassius, yet I love him well. Cassius ​I was born as free as Caesar, so were you. We both have fed as well, and we can both endure the winter’s cold as well as he. Once, Caesar said to me, “Darest thou, Cassius, now leap in with me into this angry flood and swim to yonder point?” I plunged in, and bade him follow: so indeed he did. But before we could arrive at the point proposed, Caesar cried, “Help me, Cassius, or I sink,” And this man, is now become a God. Offstage: Shout. Flourish. Brutus ​I believe that these applauses are for some new honors that are heaped on Caesar. Cassius ​He doth bestride the narrow world like a Colossus, and we petty men walk under his huge legs, and peep about. Men are masters of their fates. The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars, but in ourselves, that we are underlings. Brutus ​What you have said, I will consider. Till then, my noble friend, chew upon this: Brutus had rather be a villager, than to repute himself a son of Rome under these hard conditions. As Caesar and his group returns, Caesar speaks to Antony about Cassius. Cassius’ attitude worries Caesar, though Caesar denies that he fears any man. Caesar ​Antonio. Antony ​Caesar. Caesar ​Let me have men about me that are fat, sleek-headed men, and such as sleep a-nights. Yond Cassius has a lean and hungry look. He thinks too much: such men are dangerous. Antony ​Fear him not Caesar, he's not dangerous. Caesar ​I ​fear h ​ im not. Yet ​if m ​ y name were liable to fear, I do not know the man I should avoid so soon as he. Such men be never at ease, while they behold a greater than themselves.Therefore are they very dangerous. Caesar’s group then departs, with Caesar looking worried. Casca stays behind with Brutus and Cassius. They ask Casca what event caused the earlier applause of the crowd. Casca tells them that Antony offered Caesar a crown three times, and although Caesar refused it each time -- he looked as if he would rather accept the crown and be king. Brutus, Cassius and Casca agree to meet the next day. Brutus ​Casca, tell us what hath chanced today that Caesar looks so sad. Casca ​Why you were with him, were you not?

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Brutus ​I should not then ask, Casca, what had chanced. Casca ​Why, there was a Crown offered him; and being offered him, he put it by with the back of his hand thus, and then the people fell a-shouting. Brutus ​What was the second noise for? Casca ​Why, for that too. Cassius ​They shouted thrice: what was the last cry for? Casca ​Why, for that too. Brutus ​Was the Crown offered him thrice? Casca ​Ay, marry was. Cassius ​Who offered him the Crown? Casca ​Why, Antony. Brutus ​Tell us the manner of it, gentle Casca. Casca ​I saw Marc Antony offer him a crown, and as I told you, he put it by once: but for all that, to my thinking, he would fain have had it. Then he offered it to him again. Then he put it by again: but to my thinking, he was very loath to lay his fingers off it. And then he offered it the third time; he put it the third time by, and still as he refus'd it, the rabblement shouted, and clapped their chapped hands, and threw up their sweaty nightcaps, and uttered such a deal of stinking breath, because Caesar refused the Crown. Brutus ​And after that, he came thus sad away. Casca ​Ay. Cassius ​Did Cicero say anything? Casca ​Ay, he spoke Greek. Cassius ​To what effect? Casca​ [shrugs]​ ​Those that understood him, smiled at one another, and shook their heads. But for mine own part, it was Greek to me. Cassius ​Will you dine with me tomorrow? Casca ​Ay, if I be alive, and your dinner worth eating. Cassius ​Good. I will expect you. Brutus ​Tomorrow, come home to me, and I will wait for you.

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Cassius ​I will do so: till then, think of the world. After Brutus and Casca leave, Cassius ponders whether he can persuade Brutus to go along with a plot to kill Caesar. Cassius feels it is important to have Brutus on the side of the conspirators because he knows that although Caesar suspects and dislikes Cassius, Caesar loves and trusts Brutus. Cassius decides to make Brutus think that many people are asking for his help to protect Rome from Caesar, by forging many letters to Brutus all purporting to come from different citizens. Cassius ​Well, Brutus, thou art noble. Yet who is so firm that cannot be seduced? Caesar doth bear me hard, but he loves Brutus. I will this night, In several hands, in at his windows throw, as if they came from several citizens, writings, all tending to the great opinion that Rome holds of his name: wherein Caesar’s ambition shall be glanced at. ACT 1 SCENE 3 The following night, Rome experiences a huge thunderstorm. Cassius and Casca meet to discuss the plot against Caesar. They agree that Caesar must be killed to protect Rome. Cassius ​Who's there? Casca ​A Roman. Cassius ​Casca, by your voice. Casca ​Your ear is good. Who ever knew the Heavens menace so? Cassius ​Now could I, Casca, name to thee a man, most like this dreadful night, a man no mightier than thyself or me in personal action; yet prodigious grown and as fearful as these strange eruptions are. Casca ​'Tis Caesar that you mean: is it not, Cassius? Indeed, they say, the Senators tomorrow mean to establish Caesar as a King. And he shall wear his Crown by sea and land, in every place, save here in Italy. Cassius ​I know where I will wear this ​dagger t​ hen; Cassius from bondage will deliver Cassius. And why should Caesar be a tyrant then? Poor man, I know he would not be a wolf, but that he sees the Romans are but sheep. Casca ​ I will set this foot of mine as far as he who goes farthest. Cassius ​There's a bargain made. Come Casca, you and I will yet, ere day, see Brutus at his house: three parts of him is ours already, and the next encounter yields him ours.

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ACT 2 SCENE 1 The same night, Brutus is awake, thinking about his conversation with Cassius, and coming to the conclusion that Caesar must be killed. His servant brings him one of the forged letters that Cassius had prepared and thrown through his window. Brutus ​It must be by Caesar’s death. I know no personal cause to spurn at him, but he would be crowned. How that might change his nature, there's the question? It is the bright day, that brings forth the Adder. Lucius ​(entering) I​ found this paper, thus sealed up, and I am sure it did not lie there when I went to bed. Brutus​ ​(reads letter)​ “Brutus, thou sleepest. Awake and see thyself. Shall Rome and company, speak, strike, redress?” Am I entreated to speak and strike? O Rome, I make thee promise, thou receivest thy full petition at the hand of Brutus. Brutus is then visited by the conspirators, and they discuss their plans. Cassius wishes to kill Marc Antony as well, but Brutus warns them to behave with honor and to kill only Caesar. Cassius ​Good morrow, Brutus; do we trouble you? Brutus ​I have been awake all night. Know I these men, that come along with you? Cassius ​Yes, every man of them.​ ​This, Decius Brutus. Brutus ​He is welcome. Cassius ​This, Casca, and this, Metellus Cimber. Brutus ​Give me your hands all over, one by one. Cassius ​And let us swear our resolution. Metellus ​Shall no man else be touched, but only Caesar? Cassius ​I think it is not meet that Marc Antony, so well beloved of Caesar, should out-live Caesar. Let Antony and Caesar fall together. Brutus ​Our course will seem too bloody, Cassius, to cut the head off, and then hack the limbs. Let's be sacrificers, but not butchers. And for Marc Antony, think not of him. He can do no more than Caesar's arm, when Caesar’s head is off. Cassius ​Yet I fear him, for the love he bears to Caesar. We’ll leave you, Brutus. Friends, disperse yourselves; but all remember what you have said, and show yourselves true Romans.

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After the conspirators leave, Brutus is visited by his wife Portia, who is pregnant. He urges her to go back inside because of her weak condition, and tries to hide his plans from her. Eventually, he agrees to tell her of his plans, but they are interrupted by the arrival of Ligarius. Portia ​Brutus, my Lord. Brutus ​Portia, what mean you? Wherefore rise you now? It is not for your health, thus to commit your weak condition to the raw, cold morning. Portia ​Nor for yours neither. Make me acquainted with your cause of grief. Brutus ​I am not well in health, and that is all. Good Portia, go to bed. Portia​ What men tonight have had resort to you? For here have been some who did hide their faces even from darkness. Tell me your counsels; I will not disclose them. Knock.​ Brutus ​Hark, hark, one knocks. Portia go in a while, and all my engagements, I will construe to thee. Ligarius ​Here is a sick man that would speak with you. Brutus ​Ligarius. What a time have you chose out to wear a kerchief? Would you were not sick. Ligarius ​I am not sick, if Brutus have in hand any exploit worthy the name of Honor. What's to do? Brutus ​A piece of work, that will make sick men whole. Ligarius ​But are not some men whole, that we must make sick? Brutus ​That must we also. What it is, I shall unfold to thee, as we are going to whom it must be done. Ligarius ​Set on your foot, I follow you. To do I know not what: but it sufficeth that Brutus leads me on. ACT 2 SCENE 2 Meanwhile, Julius Caesar has also been disturbed by the night’s thunderstorm and his own wife Calpurnia’s bad dreams. Calpurnia tells him stories of the ghostly battles seen by the guards and asks him to stay at home with her that day. Caesar. ​Nor Heaven, nor Earth, have been at peace tonight. Thrice hath Calpurnia, in her sleep cried out, “Help, ho: They murder Caesar.” Who's within? Calpurnia ​What mean you, Caesar? Think you to walk forth? You shall not stir out of your house today. There is one within who recounts most horrid sights seen by the watch. Graves have yawned, and yielded up their dead; the noise of battle hurtled in the air, and ghosts did

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shriek and squeal about the streets. Caesar ​Caesar shall go forth. What can be avoided whose end is purposed by the mighty Gods? Cowards die many times before their deaths, the valiant never taste of death but once. It seems to me most strange that men should fear, seeing that death will come when it will come. Calpurnia ​Alas, my Lord, your wisdom is consumed in confidence. Do not go forth today. We’ll send Marc Antony to the Senate house, and he shall say you are not well today. Caesar ​Mark Antony shall say I am not well, and for thy humor, I will stay at home. After Caesar decides to stay home, one of the conspirators enters and persuades Caesar that he must go to the Senate or the people will think he is afraid. Decius Brutus ​Good morrow, worthy Caesar. I come to fetch you to the Senate house. Caesar ​And you are come in very happy time, to bear my greeting to the Senators, and tell them that I will not come today. Calpurnia ​Say he is sick. Caesar ​Shall Caesar send a lie? Go tell them, Caesar will not come. Decius Brutus ​Most mighty Caesar, let me know some cause, lest I be laughed at when I tell them so. Caesar ​The cause is in my Will: I will not come. That is enough to satisfy the Senate. But because I love you, I will let you know. Calpurnia my wife, stays me at home. She dreamt tonight she saw my statue with an hundred spouts did run pure blood, and many lusty Romans came smiling, and did bathe their hands in it. Decius Brutus ​This dream is all amiss interpreted. It was a vision fair and fortunate. Your statue spouting blood in many pipes, In which so many smiling Romans bathed, signifies that from you great Rome shall suck reviving blood. Caesar ​And this way have you well expounded it. Decius Brutus ​The Senate have concluded to give this day a crown to mighty Caesar. If you shall send them word you will not come, their minds may change. If Caesar hide himself, shall they not whisper, “Caesar is afraid?” Caesar ​How foolish do your fears seem. Give me my robe, for I will go. ACT 2 SCENE 3 As Caesar leaves for the Senate, Portia is afraid for her husband, Brutus, and sends their servant, Lucius, to check on his welfare. She sees the Soothsayer, who notes that Caesar is in danger, but it might yet be averted. Portia ​I prithee, boy, run to the Senate-house. Stay not to answer me, but get thee gone. Why

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dost thou stay? Lucius ​To know my errand, Madam. Portia ​I would have had thee there and here again before I can tell thee what thou shouldst do there. Art thou here yet? Lucius ​Madam, what should I do? Run to the Capitol, and nothing else? And so return to you, and nothing else? Portia ​Bring me word, boy, if thy Lord look well Enter the Soothsayer. Portia ​Come hither, Fellow. Which way hast thou been? Is Caesar yet gone to the Capitol? Soothsayer ​Madam, not yet. I go to take my stand to see him pass on to the Capitol. Portia ​Thou hast some suit to Caesar, hast thou not? Soothsayer ​That I have Lady. If it will please Caesar to be so good to Caesar as to hear me: I shall beseech him to befriend himself. Portia ​Why knowest thou any harm's intended towards him? Soothsayer ​None that I know will be. Much that I fear may chance. ACT 3 SCENE 1 Artemidorus writes a letter to Caesar, warning him of the plot. Artemidorus ​ Caesar, beware of Brutus, take heed of Cassius; come not near Casca, have an eye to Cinna, trust not Trebonius, mark well Metellus Cimber, Decius Brutus loves thee not, Thou hast wronged Ligarius. There is but one mind in all these men, and it is bent against Caesar. If thou be not Immortal, look about you. The mighty Gods defend thee. Here will I stand, till Caesar pass along. If thou read this, O Caesar, thou mayest live; If not, the fates with traitors do contrive. Caesar and the conspirators go toward the Senate. On the way Caesar sees the soothsayer, as well as Artemidorus, who tries to give Caesar the letter warning him of the conspiracy. Caesar, put off by Artemidorus’ insistence, does not take the letter. Caesar ​The Ides of March are come. Soothsayer ​Ay Caesar, but not gone. Artemidorus ​Hail Caesar. Read this schedule. Decius Brutus​ ​Trebonius doth desire you to read this his humble suit. Artemidorus​ ​Read mine first: for mine's a suit hat touches Caesar nearer. Read it great Caesar.

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Caesar ​What touches us ourself, shall be last serv'd. Artemidorus ​Delay not, Caesar; read it instantly. Caesar ​What, is the fellow mad? Cassius ​What, urge you your Petitions in the street? Come to the Capitol. Caesar walks on without reading Artemidorus’ letter and arrives at the Capitol. He announces his readiness to hear grievances. Metellus asks for Caesar to allow Metellus’ banished brother to return to Rome. Caesar criticizes Metellus’ fawning and refuses, claiming that he, Caesar, is the only person who is so steadfast and unchanging that he cannot be swayed from his past decrees. Caesar ​Are we all ready? What is now amiss, that Caesar and his Senate must redresse? Metellus ​Most high, most mighty, and most puissant Caesar, Metellus Cimber throws before thy seat an humble heart. Caesar ​Thy brother by decree is banished. If thou dost bend, and pray, and fawn for him, I spurn thee like a cur out of my way. Brutus ​I kiss thy hand, but not in flattery, Caesar, desiring thee, that Publius Cimber may have an immediate freedom of repeal. Caesar ​What Brutus? I could be well mov'd, if I were as you. But I am constant as the Northern Star. Men are flesh and blood and apprehensive. I do know but one unshaked of motion: and that I am he. I was constant Cimber should be banish'd, and constant do remain to keep him so. Cinna ​O Caesar. Caesar ​Hence. Wilt thou lift up Olympus? The conspirators move close to Caesar, as if to petition him, and then stab him. Caesar calls out his surprise at Brutus’ betrayal as he dies. The conspirators proclaim the death of tyranny. Decius ​Great Caesar. Casca ​Speak hands for me. They stab Caesar. Caesar ​Et Tu Brute? Then fall Caesar. Caesar dies Decius Brutus ​Liberty, Freedom. Tyranny is dead. Run hence, proclaim, cry it about the streets. Cassius ​Cry out Liberty, Freedom, and Enfranchisement. Brutus ​People and Senators, be not affrighted. Fly not, stand still. Ambition’s debt is paid.

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Fates, we will know your pleasures: that we shall die we know, 'tis but the time and drawing days out, that men stand upon. Casca ​Why he that cuts off twenty years of life, cuts off so many years of fearing death. Brutus ​Grant that, and then is death a benefit. So are we Caesar’s friends, that have abridg'd his time of fearing death. At Brutus’ urging, the conspirators plunge their hands into Caesar’s blood. They speculate that grateful descendants will perform plays about their acts in gratitude for saving their country from dictatorship. Brutus ​Stoop, Romans, stoop, and let us bathe our hands in Caesar's blood up to the elbows, and besmear our swords. Then waving our red weapons over our heads, let's all cry Peace, Freedom, and Liberty. Cassius ​Stoop then, and wash. How many ages hence shall this our lofty scene be acted over, In state unborn, and accents yet unknown? Brutus ​How many times shall Caesar bleed in sport, that now on Pompey’s Basis lie, no worthier than the dust? Cassius ​So oft as that shall be, so often shall the knot of us be called the men that gave their country liberty. Antony sends a servant to say that he wants peace with the conspirators. After being assured of his safety, he arrives himself. He then says that he wishes to know their reasons for killing Caesar, and adds that he wishes to speak at Caesar’s funeral. Over Cassius’s objections, Brutus agrees to this request. Brutus sets two conditions for allowing Antony to speak: 1) that Antony let Brutus speak first and 2) that Antony speaks only to praise Caesar and not to condemn the actions of the conspirators. Brutus ​Soft, who comes here? A friend of Antony’s. Servant ​If Brutus will vouchsafe that Antony may safely come to him, and be resolved how Caesar hath deserved to lie in death, Marc Antony shall not love Caesar dead so well as Brutus living. Brutus ​I know that we shall have him well to friend. Cassius ​I wish we may. But yet have I a mind that fears him much Antony enters. Brutus ​Welcome, Marc Antony. Only be patient, till we have appeased the multitude, beside themselves with fear. Then we will deliver to you the cause, why I, that did love Caesar when I struck him, have thus proceeded. Antony ​I doubt not of your wisdom. Let each man render me his bloody hand. ​First, Marcus Brutus, will I shake with you; next, Caius Cassius, do I take your hand; now, Decius

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Brutus, yours.​ ​(He shakes hands with each.) Cassius ​But what compact mean you to have with us? Will you be pricked in number of our friends? Antony ​Friends am I with you all, and love you all, upon this hope: that you shall give me reasons why Caesar was dangerous. Brutus ​Or else were this a savage spectacle. Our reasons are so full of good regard, that were you the son of Caesar, you should be satisfied. Antony ​That's all I seek. And that I may speak in his funeral. Brutus ​You shall, Marc Antony. Cassius ​(draws Brutus aside) B ​ rutus, a word with you. Do not consent that Antony speak in his funeral. Know you how much the people may be mov'd by that which he will utter. Brutus ​I will myself into the pulpit first, and show the reason of our Caesar's death. Cassius ​I know not what may fall. I like it not. Brutus ​Marc Antony, you shall not in your funeral speech blame us, but speak all good you can devise of Caesar. And you shall speak after my speech is ended. Antony ​Be it so. I do desire no more. They all leave but Antony, who reveals his hatred of the conspirators, and imagines the horrors that will befall Rome in revenge of Caesar’s death. He is met by the servant of Octavius Caesar, who is Julius Caesar’s adopted son and heir. The servant tells Antony that Octavius is coming to Rome. Antony tells the servant to let Octavius know what happened. Antony ​O pardon me, thou bleeding piece of Earth, that I am meek and gentle with these butchers. Over thy wounds, now do I prophesy domestic fury and fierce civil strife shall cumber all the parts of Italy. Blood and destruction shall be so in use, and dreadful objects so familiar, that mothers shall but smile when they behold their infants quartered with the hands of war. Caesar’s Spirit, ranging for revenge, come hot from Hell, shall with a monarch’s voice, cry havock, and let slip the dogs of war. Enter Octavius’ Servant Brutus ​You serve Octavius Caesar, do you not? Caesar did write for him to come to Rome. is thy Master coming? Servant ​He lies tonight within seven leagues of Rome. Antony ​Post back with speed, and tell him what hath chanced.

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ACT 3 SCENE 2 At Caesar’s Funeral, Brutus convinces the people that Caesar was dangerous and it was proper to kill him. In a brilliant sarcastic speech, never breaking his promise to say good of Caesar and not to condemn the conspirators, Marc Antony inflames the crowd so much that Brutus and Cassius are forced to run for their lives, as the people riot. Brutus ​Friends, Romans, Country-men, and Lovers, be silent, that you may hear. Brutus’s love to Caesar, was no less than his. If then, that Friend demand, why Brutus rose against Caesar, this is my answer: Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more. Had you rather Caesar were living, and die all slaves; then that Caesar were dead, to live all free-men? As Caesar loved me, I weep for him; as he was fortunate, I rejoice at it; as he was valiant, I honor him: But, as he was ambitious, I slew him. There is tears, for his love: joy, for his fortune: honor, for his valor: and death, for his ambition. Who is here so base, that would be a Bondman? If any, speak, for him have I offended. Who here so rude, that would not be a Roman? If any, speak, for him have I offended. Who is here so vile, that will not love his Country? If any, speak, for him have I offended. I pause for a reply. Plebians​. None Brutus, none. Enter Marc Antony, with Caesar’s body. Brutus ​Here comes his body, mourned by Marc Antony. With this I depart, that as I slew my best lover for the good of Rome, I have the same dagger for myself, when it shall please my Country to need my death. All ​Live Brutus, live, live. Second Plebian ​Give him a statue with his ancestors. Third Plebian ​Let him be Caesar. Brutus ​My Country-men. Second Plebian ​Peace, silence. Brutus speaks. First Plebian ​Peace ho. Brutus ​Good Countrymen, let me depart alone. And for my sake stay here with Antony. Not a man depart, till Antony have spoke. Brutus exits

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First Plebian ​This Caesar was a Tyrant. Third Plebian ​Nay, that's certain. We are blest that Rome is rid of him. Second Plebian ​Peace, let us hear what Antony can say. Antony ​Friends, Romans, Countrymen, lend me your ears: I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him. The evil that men do, lives after them. The good is oft interred with their bones. So let it be with Caesar. The Noble Brutus hath told you Caesar was Ambitious. If it were so, it was a grievous fault, and grievously hath Caesar answer'd it. Here, under leave of Brutus and the rest (For Brutus is an Honourable man, So are they all, all Honourable men) come I to speak in Caesar's funeral. He was my friend, faithful, and just to me. But Brutus says, he was ambitious. And Brutus is an honourable man. You all did see, that on the Lupercall, I thrice presented him a kingly crown, which he did thrice refuse. Was this ambition? Yet Brutus says, he was ambitious. And sure Brutus is an honourable man. Fourth Plebian ​Mark'd ye his words? He would not take the Crown, therefore 'tis certain he was not ambitious. Antony ​Will you stay a-while? I fear I wrong the honourable men whose daggers have stabbed Caesar. I do fear it. Fourth Plebian ​They were traitors. Honourable men? Second Plebian ​They were villains, murderers. Antony ​If you have tears, prepare to shed them now. Look, in this place ran Cassius’ dagger through. See what a rent the envious Casca made. Through this, the well-beloved Brutus stabb'd. Second Plebian ​O noble Caesar! Third Plebian ​O woeful day! Second Plebian ​We will be reveng'd. Revenge about. Seek, burn, fire, kill, slay. Let not a traitor live. All. ​We’ll mutiny. First Plebian ​We’ll burn the house of Brutus. Second Plebian ​Most noble Caesar, we’ll revenge his death. Go fetch fire. Third Plebian ​Pluck down benchs. Fourth Plebian ​Pluck down forms, windows, any thing. Exit Plebeians.

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Antony ​Now let it work. Mischief thou art a-foot, take thou what course thou wilt. Soon after, Antony sees Octavius Caesar’s servant, who tells him that mob has chased Brutus and Cassius from the city. Antony leaves to join Octavius and their friend and fellow soldier, Lepidus. Antony ​How now, Fellow? Servant ​Sir, Octavius is already come to Rome. Antony ​Where is he? Servant ​He and Lepidus are at Caesar’s house. Antony ​And thither will I straight, to visit him Servant ​I heard him say, Brutus and Cassius are rid like madmen through the gates of Rome. Antony ​Belike they had some notice of the people how I had moved them. Bring me to Octavius. ACT 4 SCENE 1 Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus make lists of those men, including their own relatives, who supported the conspirators and therefore they plan to kill. Antony ​These many then shall die, their names are pricked. Octavius ​Your brother too must die. Consent you, Lepidus? Lepidus ​I do consent. Octavius ​Prick him down, Antony. Lepidus​ Publius shall not live, who is your sister’s son, Marc Antony. Antony ​He shall not live. Look, with a spot I damn him. ACT 4 SCENE 2 Brutus and Cassius, who have been forced to flee from Rome, now quarrel over the fact that Cassius has been taking bribes. ​Cassius ​Most noble brother, you have done me wrong. You have condemned Lucius Pella for taking bribes. Wherein my letters, praying on his side because I knew the man, were slighted off. Brutus ​You wronged your self to write in such a case. Let me tell you, Cassius, you yourself are much condemned to have an itching palm, to sell your offices for gold. Cassius ​I, an itching palm? You know that you are Brutus that speaks this, or by the Gods, this speech were else your last. Brutus ​Shall one of us, that struck the foremost man of all this world contaminate our fingers,

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with base bribes? I had rather be a dog, and bay the moon, than such a Roman.

Cassius ​Brutus, bait not me, I’ll not endure it. I am a soldier older in practice, abler than your self to make condition. Brutus ​Go too: you are not Cassius. Cassius ​I am. Brutus ​I say, you are not. Cassius ​Tempt me no farther. Brutus ​You say, you are a better soldier. Let it appear so. Cassius ​You wrong me, Brutus. I said, an elder soldier, not a better. Did I say better? Brutus ​If you did, I care not. Cassius ​Do not presume too much upon my love, I may do that I shall be sorry for. Brutus ​You have done that you should be sorry for. There is no terror, Cassius, in your threats/ For I am arm'd so strong in honesty, that they pass by me as the idle wind, which I respect not. Cassius ​You love me not. Brutus ​I do not like your faults. Cassius ​There is my dagger, strike as thou didst at Caesar. For I know, when thou didst hate him worst, thou lovedst him better than ever thou lovest Cassius. Brutus ​Sheath your dagger. When I spoke that, I was ill temper'd. Cassius ​Give me your hand. Brutus reveals to Cassius that he is bad tempered because of his sorrow. His wife Portia has killed herself by eating hot coals, fearful that Brutus will lose to Octavius and Antony. Brutus ​ O Cassius, I am sick of many griefs. Portia is dead. Cassius ​Portia? Brutus ​She is dead. Cassius​O insupportable and touching loss! Upon what sickness? Brutus ​Impatient of my absence, and grief that young Octavius with Marc Antony have made themselves so strong. The tidings came. She swallow'd fire. Cassius ​And died so?

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Brutus ​Even so. Brutus and Cassius learn that Octavious and Antony are putting to death the conspirators and their supporters. They then debate strategy. Should they wait for the enemy or go to them where they are camped at Philippi. Brutus ​I have here received letters that young Octavius and Marc Antony have put to death an hundred Senators. Brutus ​What do you think of marching to Philippi presently​? Cassius ​I do not think it good. Brutus ​Your reason? Cassius ​Tis better that the enemy seek us. So shall he weary his soldier, whilst we. lying still, are full of rest, defence, and nimbleness. Brutus ​The enemy increaseth every day. We, at the height, are ready to decline and must take the current when it serves. Cassius ​Then go on. We’ll along our selves, and meet them at Philippi. Exit Cassius. Brutus is visited by the ghost of Julius Caesar. Brutus ​Ha! Who comes here? Art thou any thing? Art thou some God, some angel, or some devil, that makst my blood cold, and my hair to stare? Speak to me, what thou art. Ghost​ Thy evil Spirit. Brutus ​Why com'st thou? Ghost​ To tell thee thou shalt see me at Philippi. Brutus ​Well: then I shall see thee again? Ghost ​Ay, at Philippi. Brutus ​Why I will see thee at Philippi then. Now I have taken heart, thou vanishest. Ill Spirit, I would hold more talk with thee. ACT 5 SCENE 1 Meeting at Phillipi, Octavius and Antony exchange insults with Brutus and Cassius. Brutus ​They stand, and would have parley. Good words are better then bad strokes Antony​ In your bad strokes, Brutus, you give good words. Witness the hole you made in Caesar’s heart. You fawn'd like hounds, kissing Caesar’s feet whilst damned Casca, like a cur, behind struck Caesar on the neck. Octavius ​I was not born to die on Brutus’ sword.

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Brutus​ Young man, thou could'st not die more honourable. Octavius: ​Come Antony, away. Traitors, if you dare fight today come to the field; if not, come when you have stomachs. Exit Octavius and Antony. Cassius ​The Gods today stand friendly. If we do lose this battle, then is this the very last time we shall speak together. Brutus ​Whether we shall meet again, I know not: Therefore our everlasting farewell take. If we do meet again, why we shall smile. If not, why then this parting was well made. ACT 5 SCENE 5 Cassius receives word from his servant Pindarus that Marc Antony is winning. He sends his friend Titinius to see if the soldiers that they can see nearby are friend or enemy. He then asks Pindarus to mount a hill to watch Titinius’ progress. Pindarius sees Titinius surrounded and reports that Titinius is slain. Distraught over his friend’s death, Cassius asks Pindarus to help him kill himself. After Cassius is dead, Titinius, who had been surrounded by rejoicing soldiers on the conspirator’s side, returns with Messala bearing tidings that the conspirators are winning against Octavius. Finding Cassius body, Titinius also kills himself. Pindarus ​Fly further off, my Lord, fly further off. Marc Antony is in your tents. Cassius ​Titinius, mount thou my horse, and hide thy spurrs in him, till he have brought thee up to yonder troops and here again, that I may rest assured whether yond troops are friend or enemy. Go, Pindarus, get higher on that hill. Regard Tintinius and tell me what thou notest about the field. Pindarus ​Titinius is enclosed round about with horsemen. He's taken. And heark, they shout for joy. Cassius ​O, coward that I am, to live so long to see my best friend taken before my face. (​To Pindarius​) Take thou the hilt and when my face is covered, guide thou the sword. Caesar, thou art revenged, even with the sword that killed thee. (​Dies)​ . Enter soldiers Messala and Tintinius. Messala​ Octavius is overthrown by noble Brutus’ power, as Cassius’ Legions are by Antony. Titinius ​These tidings will well comfort Cassius. Messala ​Is not that he that lies upon the ground? Titinius ​He lies not like the living. O my heart! Messala ​Is not that he?

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Titinius ​No, this was he, Messala, but Cassius is no more. Why did'st thou send me forth, brave Cassius? Did I not meet thy friends, and did not they put on my brow this wreath of victory and bid me give it thee? Did'st thou not hear their shouts? Alas, thou hast misconstrued everything. This is a Romans part. Come Cassius’ sword, and find Titinius heart. (​Dies)​ . The tide of the battle then turns and the conspirators are decisively beaten. Unwilling to be taken prisoner, Brutus asks his servants to hold the sword while he kills himself by running onto it. Only Stratos is willing. Brutus​ Come poor remains of friends, rest on this. It is a deed in fashion. Clitus? Clitus​ What I, my Lord? No, not for all the world. I’d rather kill my self. Brutus​ Come hither, good Volumnius. Hold thou my sword hilt, whilst I run on it. Volumnius​ That's not an office for a friend, my Lord. Brutus​ My heart doth ioy, that yet in all my life,I found no man, but he was true to me. I shall have glory by this losing day more than Octavius, and Marc Antony, by this vile conquest shall attain. Strato, thou art a fellow of a good respect. Hold then my sword, and turn away thy face,while I do run upon it. Wilt thou,Strato​? Strato​ Give me your hand first. Fare you well, my Lord. Brutus​ ​Caesar, now be still. I killed not thee with half so good a will. (​Dies​.) Antony, Octavius and their followers enter to find Brutus’ dead body. They praise Brutus’ character and resolve to treat his body with honor. Antony​ T ​ his was the noblest Roman of them all. All the conspirators save only he, did that they did, in envy of great Caesar​. H ​ e only in common good to all, made one of them. His life was gentle, and the elements so mixed in him, that nature might stand up, and say to all the world: this was a man. Octavius​ A ​ ccording to his virtue, let us use him with all respect. Within my tent his bones tonight shall lie, most like a soldier ordered honourably. So call the field to rest, and let's away, to part the glories of this happy day. After the end of the events of the play, in part as a result of the civil war started by the conspirators, Octavius Caesar went on to become Emperor of Rome, thus ending the Republic.

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Kids' and Parents' Guide to Julius Caesar  

Contains information about the show, prompts for art and writing that can be submitted to PSIP for a future web gallery, activities, two syn...

Kids' and Parents' Guide to Julius Caesar  

Contains information about the show, prompts for art and writing that can be submitted to PSIP for a future web gallery, activities, two syn...

Profile for cat.aceto
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