Page 1

ToolTec THE Program for Tool and Die Performance


How to use this Guide and Select the Optimum Solution

Rebuild to RESTORE ORIGINAL PROPERTIES

Rebuild or modify Tools

SUITABLE POLYVALENT ALLOYS ARE IDENTIFIED IN THIS BROCHURE (*)

PROVEN APPLICATION SOLUTIONS IN THIS BROCHURE

INDIVIDUAL SOLUTIONS AVAILABLE

REPAIR BROKEN Tools or JOINING

Rebuild to IMPROVE PERFORMANCE

3

Determine your needs 1

Step 1 Identify Application by tool category (i.e. cold working, hot forging, etc.) Step 2 Identify base material to be welded (either Euronorm designation, material number, etc.) Step 3 Determine which welding process will be used (Electrode, GMA, TIG). Step 4 Look under process column to identify “Group” of contender products. 5 5

7

6

Welding consumables

B ase

Alloy elements

As welded Hardness- / Strength

Service properties Hardness / Strength (Hardening temp.)

EnDOtec DO*02

Fe

Cr, Ni, Mn

180 HV

350 HV

EnDOtec DO*04

Fe

Cr, Co, Mo

45-50 HRC

EnDOtec DO*13

Fe

Cr, C

54-58 HRC

55-60 HRC (1020-1070 °C)

V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (520 °C)

EnDOtec DO*15

Fe

Cr, Mo, W

55-57 HRC

44-57 HRC (1000-1060 °C

V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (550 °C)

EnDOtec DO*16

Fe

W, Cr, C

45-50 HRC

38-52 HRC (1050-1100 °C)

EnDOtec DO*22

Ni

Cr, Fe, Mn

150-210 HV

310-350 HV1)

1)

6

2

Tool categories

Material N o.

4 C old w orking steels

4

Tool materials

Tool B ase Materials Euronorm designation

1.2067 1.2080 1.2363 1.2379 1.2436 1.2550 1.2601 1.2842

100 C r 6 X 210 C r 12 X 100 C rMoV 5-1 X 155 C rVMo 12-1 X 210 C rW 12 60 WC rV 7 X 165 C rMoV 12 90 MnC rV 8

1.2162 1.2311 1.2713 1.2721 1.2767 1.7140

21 MnC r 5 40 C rMnMo 7 55 Ni C rMoV 6 50 Ni C r 13 X 45 Ni C rMo 4 G 47 C rMn 6

1.2769 1.7218 1.7225

G 45 C rNi Mo 4-2 G 25 C rMo 4 G 42 C rMo 4

1.2082 1.2764 1.7218 1.7225

X 21 X 19 G 25 G 42

C r 13 C rNi Mo 4 C rMo 4 C rMo 4

Welding C onsumable Group Service properties H ardness / Strength

Optimising to R equired Properties Electrode

GMA

2R 6 680 S 6055 6080 6804 6806 9025 9080 54306 54425

D O*04 D O*13 D O*15 D O*16 D O*53 S D O*55 D O*329 45303 45351

45318 45301 45303 45351 45353 45355 45507 45654 45305

50-58 HRC 42-56 HRC 42-56 HRC

680 S 6055 54355

D O*02 D O*53 S D O*55 D O*24 S

45353 W 45355 W 45507 W

800-1000 N/mm2 60 HRC 900-1100 N/mm2 1100-1300 N/mm2

2R 6 3292 6080 6806 54306

D O*13 D O*15 D O*53 S 45301 45303 45351

45301 45303 45351 45353

54-58 58-63 56-62 56-62 58-63 54-58 58-62 56-62

HRC HRC HRC HRC HRC HRC HRC HRC

56-60 HRC 1000-1100 N/mm² 52-58 HRC 50-52 HRC 52-56 HRC 54-58 HRC

TIG

W W W W W W W W W

W W W W

Selecting Optimum Solution and Process Procedure

Additional application areas CR, R, Z (600 °C), K1), SP, P

48-56 HRC1) (1100-1150 °C) V, N, CR, AB (650 °C), T, R, K1), Z (800 °C)

V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (550 °C) N, CR, R, Z (1100 °C, S-free), K1), SP, P

EnDOtec DO*23

Ni

F e, C

140-190 HV

140-190 HV

EnDOtec DO*24 S

Fe

Cr, Ni

200-220 HV

300 HV1)

EnDOtec DO*26

Fe

V, Nb, Mn

170-210 HV

170-210 HV

EnDOtec DO*53 S

Fe

Cr, Ni

350-380 HV

255-300 HV (1020 °C)

EnDOtec DO*55

Fe

Ni, Co, Mo

33-36 HRC

52-54 HRC (485 °C1) )

EnDOtec DO*60

Co

Cr, W, C

40-45 HRC

40-45 HRC

T, R, Z (800 °C), K, SP

EnDOtec DO*70

Co

Cr, W, C

43-48 HRC

43-48 HRC

T, R, Z (900 °C), K

EnDOtec DO*80

Co

Cr, Mo, Ni

300-350 HV

32-45 HRC1)

T, R, Z (1000 °C), K1), SP

EnDOtec DO*84

Ni

Cr, Mo, W

250 HV

350 HV1)

CR, R, SP, P N, CR, T, R, Z (1050 °C), K1), SP N, CR, CVD, SP, P V, N, E, CR, CVD, R, Z (900 °C), SP WA1) (4 h), N, CR, AB (485 °C), T, R, SP, P

Step 5 Go to Product Solutions page (p 5,8,9) for additional information on specific product from the selected “Group” (aswelded and service properties, etc.) Step 6 Determine which post-weld treatment (under Additional application areas) will be needed for required service property. Step 7 Identify optimum product solutions from “Group”.

T, R, Z (1100 °C), K1), SP, P

Step 8 Contact your local Castolin Eutectic ToolTec Specialist for detailed welding procedure and choice of “buttering layer“.


EutecTrode® Solutions for Tool Welding

Electrode

Welding consumables

B ase

Alloy elements

As w elded Hardness- / Strength

Service properties Hardness / Strength (Hardening temperature)

2R

Fe

Cr, Mo, Mn

56-61 HRC

58-59 HRC (950 °C)

6

Fe

Mo, Cr, W, V, C

59-62 HRC

60-65 HRC (1180-1250 °C)

27

Fe

Mn, C

52-56 HRC

54-57 HRC (800-850 °C)

2-24

Ni

Mn

130-170 HV

130-170 HV

R, SP, P

2-25

Ni

F e, C u

160-200 HV

160-200 HV

CR, R, SP, P

2-44

Ni

-

100-130 HV

100-130 HV

R, SP, P

680 S *

Fe

Cr, Ni

240-280 HV

400-450 HV

N, CR, T, R, Z (900°C), K, SP, P

X H D 1855

Cu

Mn, Al, Fe

170-210 HV

170-210 HV

CR, R, SP, P

2220

Ni

Cu, Mn

130-170 HV

130-170 HV

CR, R, SP, P

2222 *

Ni

Cr, Fe, Mn

180-220 HV

300-350 HV

N, CR, R, Z (1100°C, S-free), K, SP, P

2226

Fe

V, Si

265 HV

265 HV

X H D 2230 *

Ni

F e, C

150-190 HV

150-190 HV

CR, R, SP, P

2240 *

Ni

Fe, Cu, C

130-170 HV

130-170 HV

CR, R, SP, P

X H D 2245 *

Ni

Fe, Cu, C

170 HV

170 HV

CR, R, SP, P

3292

Fe

Cr, Mo, C

54-58 HRC

56-59 HRC (980-1050 °C)

6055

Fe

Ni, Co, Mo

32-37 HRC

48-53 HRC (480 °C)

X H D 6080

Fe

Mo, Cr, W

59-62 HRC

60-65 HRC (1180-1220 °C)

6800

Ni

Cr, Mo, W

220-270 HV

400 HV (900 °C)

X H D 6804

Fe

Cr, Co, Mo

45-50 HRC

48-56 HRC (1100-1150 °C)

V, N, CR, AB (650°C), T, R, K, Z (800°C)

6806

Fe

W, Cr, C

47-52 HRC

37-51 HRC (1050-1075 °C)

V, N, CVD, AB (400°C), T

X H D 6817

Ni

Cr, Co, Mo

190 HV

350 HV

T (900 °C), R, Z (1150°C), K, SP

X H D 6865

Ni

Cr, Mo, Fe, Nb

220 HV

250 HV

CR, AB (650 °C), T, R, Z (1100°C), K, SP, P

X H D 6899

Ni

Cr, Mo, W

250-300 HB

400 HV (900 °C)

7625

Fe

W, Cr, Co

49-54 HRC

50-53 HRC (1150 °C)

N 9025 *

Co

Cr, W, Ni

260 HV

260-320 HV

T, R, Z (900°C), K, SP, P

N 9060

Co

Cr, W, Si

38-43 HRC

38-43 HRC

T, R, Z (800°C), K, SP, P

N 9080

Co

Cr, Mo, Ni

280-330 HV

32-45 HRC

T, R, Z (1000°C), K, SP, P

N 9120

Co

Cr, W, C

46-51 HRC

46-51 HRC

T, R, Z (800-900°C), P

35200

Fe

Cr, Ni, Mo

340 HV

180-220 HV (900 - 950 °C)

V, N (62 HRC), E, CR, CVD, T (450°C), SP

54304

Fe

Cr, Co, Mo

45-50 HRC

48-56 HRC (1100-1150 °C)

V, N, CR, AB (650 °C), T, R, K, Z (800 °C)

54306

Fe

Mo, Cr, W, V, C

59-62 HRC

60-65 HRC (1180-1250 °C)

V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (540°C), T

54355

Fe

Ni, Co, Mo

37-41 HRC

50-54 HRC (480 °C)

54425

Co

Cr, W, Ni

260 HV

260-320 HV

54668

Ni

Cr, Mo, W

210-220 HV

320-400 HV (900 °C)

AB CR CVD E F

Temper resistance Chromium plating Chemical Vapour Deposition Case hardening Surface hardening: flame hardening

K N P R SP

Cold work-hardening Nitriding Polishing Corrosion-, oxidation resistance Machinability © 2002 - Castolin Eutectic

Additional application areas V, F, N, CR, CVD, P V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (540°C), T V, F, N, CR, CVD

N, CR, CVD, SP, P

V, F, N, CR, CVD, P WA (4 h), N, CR, AB (480°C), T, R, SP, P V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (540°C), P WA (2 h), T, R, Z (1100°C), K, SP, P

WA (2 h), T, R, Z (1100°C), K, SP, P V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (500°C), P

WA (4 h), N, CR, AB (480°C), T, R, SP, P T, R, Z (900°C), K, SP, P WA (2 h), T, R, Z (1100°C), K, SP, P T V WA Z

Creep, hot wear resistance Heat treatment Age hardening Scaling resistance

* Joining 5


Tool Base Materials Tool materials Tool categories

C old w orking steels

H ot w orking steels

Maraging steels

3

Service properties

Tool B ase Materials Material N o.

Welding C onsumable Group

Euronorm designation

H ardness / Strength

Electrode

GMA

2R 6 680 S 6055 6080 6804 6806 9025 9080 54306 54425

D O*04 D O*06 D O*13 D O*15 D O*16 D O*53 S D O*55 D O*80 D O*85 D O*329 45303 45351

45301 45303 45305 45318 45351 45353 45355 45507 45654

50-58 HRC 42-56 HRC 42-56 HRC

680 S 6055 54355

D O*02 D O*24 S D O*53 S D O*55

45353 W 45355 W 45507 W

2R 6 3292 6080 6806 54306

D O*13 D O*15 D O*53 S 45301 45303 45351

45301 45303 45351 45353

W W W W

680 S 6055 6800 6804 6817 6865 6899 9025 9060 9080 9120 54304 54355 54425 54668

D O*04 D O*55 D O*60 D O*70 D O*80 D O*84 D O*85 D O*329 45651 45653 45654

45305 45355 45406 45421 45651 45653 45654

W W W W W W W

6055 6865 54355

D O*55 D O*84 45651 45654

1.2067 1.2080 1.2363 1.2379 1.2436 1.2550 1.2601 1.2842

100 C r 6 X 210 C r 12 X 100 C rMoV 5-1 X 155 C rVMo 12-1 X 210 C rW 12 60 WC rV 7 X 165 C rMoV 12 90 MnC rV 8

1.2162 1.2311 1.2713 1.2721 1.2767 1.7140

21 MnC r 5 40 C rMnMo 7 55 Ni C rMoV 6 50 Ni C r 13 X 45 Ni C rMo 4 G 47 C rMn 6

1.2769 1.7218 1.7225

G 45 C rNi Mo 4-2 G 25 C rMo 4 G 42 C rMo 4

1.2082 1.2764 1.7218 1.7225

X X G G

C r 13 C rNi Mo 4 C rMo 4 C rMo 4

800-1000 N/mm2 60 HRC 900-1100 N/mm2 1100-1300 N/mm2

1.2343 1.2344 1.2365 1.2367 1.2567 1.2581 1.2606 1.2662 1.2714 1.2726 1.2731 1.2740 1.2744 1.2678 1.2885 1.2888 1.2713 1.2767

X 38 C rMoV 5-1 X 40 C rMoV 5-1 X 32 C rMoV 3-3 X 38 C rMoV 5-3 X 30 WC rV 5-3 X 30 WC rV 9-3 X 37 C rMoV 5-1 X 30 WC rC oV 9-3 56 Ni C rMoV 6 26 Ni C rMoV 5 X 50 Ni C rWV 13-13 28 Ni C rMoV 10 57 Ni C rMoV 7-7 X 45 C oC rWV 5-5-5 X 32 C rMoC oV 3-3-3 X 20 C oC rWMo 10-9 55 Ni C rMoV 6 X 45 Ni C rMo 4

1400-1700 N/mm2 1400-1750 N/mm2 1500-1800 N/mm2 1400-1600 N/mm2 1200-1700 N/mm2 1400-1790 N/mm2 1500-1800 N/mm2 1200-1500 N/mm2 1500-1800 N/mm2 900-1100 N/mm2 940-1130 N/mm2 1300-1700 N/mm2 1200-1700 N/mm2 1300-1700 N/mm2 1400-1700 N/mm2 1400-1800 N/mm2 1200-1400 N/mm2 1200-1700 N/mm2

2.4982

Ni C r 20 C oMo

1.2779 1.2709 1.2799

X 6 Ni C rTi 26-15 X 3 Ni C oMoTi 18-9-5 X 2 Ni C oMoTi 12-8-8

21 19 25 42

Optimising to R equired Properties

54-58 58-63 56-62 56-62 58-63 54-58 58-62 56-62

HRC HRC HRC HRC HRC HRC HRC HRC

56-60 HRC 1000-1100 N/mm² 52-58 HRC 50-52 HRC 52-56 HRC 54-58 HRC

TIG

W W W W W W W W W

1230 N/mm2 930-1180 N/mm2 55-56 HRC 53-55 HRC

Electrode

MMA

= SMAW

= Shielded Metal Arc Welding

GMA

MIG/MAG

= GMAW

= Gas Metal Arc Welding

TIG

TIG

= GTAW

= Gas Tungsten Arc Welding © 2002 - Castolin Eutectic

45355 W 45651 W 45654 W

For optimum results a “Buttering Layer” may be required. Consult your local Castolin Eutectic Technical Dept.


Tool Base Materials Tool materials Tool categories

Base materials Material No.

Euronorm designation

Welding C onsumable Group Service properties

Optimising to Required Properties

Hardness / Strength

Electrode

GMA

TIG

6 7625 9060 6804 54304

D O*04 D O*06 D O*60

45303 W 45351 W 45406 W 45301 45303 45305 45351

High Speed steels

1.3243 1.3343 1.3346 1.3348

S-6-5-2-6 S-6-5-2 S-2-9-1 S-2-9-2

C ase hardening steels

1.2162 1.2341 1.2764

21 MnC r 5 X 6 C rMo 4 X 19 Ni C rMo 4

60 HRC 60 HRC 60 HRC

3292 6080 6806 35200

D O*13 D O*15 D O*16 45351

C orrosion resistant steels

1.2083 1.2316 1.4122

X 42 C r 13 X 36 C rMo 17 X 35 C rMo 17

56 HRC 48 HRC 48 HRC

6804 9060 9120

D O*04 D O*53S D O*60 D O*70

45406 W 45421 W

Heat-treatable steels

1.2311 1.2711 1.2738

40 C rMnMo 7 54 Ni C rMoV 6 40 C rMnNi Mo 8-6-4

1000-1100 N/mm2 1000-1100 N/mm2 1000-1100 N/mm2

1.2343 1.2344 1.2367 1.2721 1.2767

X 38 C rMoV 5-1 X 40 C rMoV 5-1 X 38 C rMoV 5-3 50 Ni C r 13 X 45 Ni C rMo 4

50 50 50 56 52

HRC HRC HRC HRC HRC

1.2080 1.2379 1.2436 1.2842

X 210 C r 12 X 155 C rVMo 12-1 X 210 C rW 12 90 MnC rV 8

62 60 62 60

HRC HRC HRC HRC

2R 6 3292 6055 6080 6804 6806 7625 9025 9060 9080 9120 54304 54306 54355

D O*04 D O*06 D O*15 D O*53S D O*55 D O*60 D O*70 D O*80 D O*85 45301 45303 45354 45355

45301 45303 45305 45351 45353 45355 45406 45421

W W W W W W W W

1.8519 1.8521 1.8550

31 C rMoV 9 15 C rMoV 5 34 C rAlNi 7

62 HRC 64 HRC 68 HRC

2R 3292 6055 54355

D O*13 D O*15 D O*55

45303 45305 45351 45355

W W W W

2R 27 2-24 2-25 2-44 1855 2220 2226 2230 2240 2245 3292 6804 6806 9025 9080 54304 54425

D O*04 D O*15 D O*23 D O*26 D O*80 D O*85 45351 45352 45640 45656 45660 45752

45305 45351 45421 45656 45660 45701

W W W W W W

1855

45752

Air hardening steels

Nitriding steels

Grey cast iron

0.6025 0.6030 0.6025 leg. 0.6030 leg.

Nodular cast iron

0.7040 0.7050 0.7060 0.7070 0.7080

C omplex bronzes

31-300 31-350

60-64 62-65 60-64 60-63

HRC HRC HRC HRC

GJL 250 GJl 300 SGG 25 VSGG 30

180-240 200-260 220-240 240-270

HB HB HB HB

GJS GJS GJS GJS GJS

140-185 170-220 220-250 235-285 270-335

HB HB HB HB HB

400 500 600 700 800

270-320 HV 340-400 HV

Electrode

MMA

= SMAW

GMA

MIG/MAG = GMAW

= Gas Metal Arc Welding

TIG

TIG

= Gas Tungsten Arc Welding

= GTAW

= Shielded Metal Arc Welding

© 2002 - Castolin Eutectic

W W W W

45701 W

For optimum results a “Buttering Layer” may be required. Consult your local Castolin Eutectic Technical Dept. 4


Piercing Die

Punch

Punch

Punch

Forging Die

Deep Drawing Die

Hot Forging Die

Precision Die Casting Tool

Deep Drawing Die

Cutting/Shearing Tool

Hot Forging Die

6

Š 2002 - Castolin Eutectic

Deep Drawing Die


Extrusion Die Screw

Hot Forging Die

Deep Drawing Die

Cutting/Shearing Tool

Stamping Tool

Hot Forging Die

Deep Drawing Die

Drop Forging Die

Drop Forging Die

Deep Drawing Die

Š 2002 - Castolin Eutectic

7


EnDOtec CastoMag® Solutions for Tool Welding

GMA

Welding consumables

B ase

Alloy elements

As w elded Hardness- / Strength

Service properties Hardness / Strength (Hardening temp.)

EnDOtec DO*02 *

Fe

Cr, Ni, Mn

180 HV

350 HV

EnDOtec DO*04

Fe

Cr, Co, Mo

45-50 HRC

48-56 HRC (1100-1150 °C)

V, N, CR, AB (650 °C), T, R, K, Z (800 °C)

EnDOtec DO*06

Fe

Cr, Mo, W, V, C

63 HRC

60-65 HRC (1180-1220 °C)

V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (540 °C), T

EnDOtec DO*13

Fe

Cr, C

54-58 HRC

55-60 HRC (1020-1070 °C)

V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (520 °C)

EnDOtec DO*15

Fe

Cr, Mo, W

55-57 HRC

44-57 HRC (1000-1060 °C

V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (550 °C)

EnDOtec DO*16

Fe

W, Cr, C

45-50 HRC

38-52 HRC (1050-1100 °C)

V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (550 °C)

EnDOtec DO*22 *

Ni

Cr, Fe, Mn

150-210 HV

310-350 HV

N, CR, R, Z (1100 °C, S-free), K, SP, P

EnDOtec DO*23 *

Ni

F e, C

140-190 HV

140-190 HV

CR, R, SP, P

EnDOtec DO*24 S*

Fe

Cr, Ni

200-220 HV

300 HV

EnDOtec DO*26

Fe

V, Nb, Mn

170-210 HV

170-210 HV

EnDOtec DO*53 S

Fe

Cr, Ni

350-380 HV

255-300 HV (1020 °C)

EnDOtec DO*55

Fe

Ni, Co, Mo

33-36 HRC

52-54 HRC (485 °C )

EnDOtec DO*60

Co

Cr, W, C

40-45 HRC

40-45 HRC

T, R, Z (800 °C), K, SP

EnDOtec DO*70

Co

Cr, W, C

43-48 HRC

43-48 HRC

T, R, Z (900 °C), K

EnDOtec DO*80

Co

Cr, Mo, Ni

300-350 HV

32-45 HRC

T, R, Z (1000 °C), K, SP

EnDOtec DO*84

Ni

Cr, Mo, W

250 HV

350 HV

T, R, Z (1100 °C), K, SP, P

EnDOtec DO*85

Co

Cr, W, Ni

250 HV

380 HV

T, R, Z (900 °C), K, SP, P

EnDOtec DO*329

Fe

Cr, Mo, Co, V, W

50-53 HRC

50-53 HRC

45301

Fe

W, Cr, C

42-48 HRC

38-52 HRC (1050-1100 °C)

V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (550 °C), T, (SP)

45303

Fe

W, Mo, Cr, V, C

60-63 HRC

59-65 HRC (1180-1220 °C)

V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (540 °C), T

45351

Fe

Cr, C

57-62 HRC

55-60 HRC (1020-1070 °C)

V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (520 °C)

45352

Fe

Cr, Mn, Ti, C

60-62 HRC

60-62 HRC

45354

Fe

Cr, Ni

38 HRC

40 HRC (1000-1050 °C)

45355

Fe

Ni, Co, Mo

34 HRC

51 HRC (480 °C)

45640 *

Ni

F e, C

160-210 HV

160-210 HV

45651

Ni

Cr, Co, Mo

250 HV

375 HV

WA, T (900 °C), R, Z (1000 °C), K, SP

45653

Ni

Cr, Mo

200 HV

200 HV

N, T, R, Z (1000 °C), K, SP

45654

Ni

Cr, Mo, Nb

220 HV

220 HV

CR, AB (650 °C), T, R, Z (1100 °C), SP, P

45656 *

Ni

Ti

120 HV

120 HV

AB, R, SP

45660 *

Ni

Cu, Ti

150 HV

150 HV

CR, R, SP, P

45752

Cu

Al, Ni, Fe

240-280 HB

320 HB

CR, R, K, SP, P

AB CR CVD E F

Temper resistance Chromium plating Chemical Vapour Deposition Case hardening Surface hardening: flame hardening

K N P R SP

Cold work-hardening Nitriding Polishing Corrosion-, oxidation resistance Machinability

Additional application areas

CR, R, Z (600 °C), K, SP, P

N, CR, T, R, Z (1050 °C), K, SP N, CR, CVD, SP, P V, N, E, CR, CVD, R, Z (900 °C), SP WA (4 h), N, CR, AB (485 °C), T, R, SP, P

AB, T, Z, (SP)

V, F, N, CR, CVD V, R, SP WA (4 hr), N, CR, AB (480 °C), T, R, SP, P CR, R, SP, P

T V WA Z

Creep, hot wear resistance Heat treatment Age hardening Scaling resistance

* Joining 8

© 2002 - Castolin Eutectic


CastoTIG® Solutions for Tool Welding

TIG

Welding consumables

B ase

Alloy elements

As w elded Hardness- / Strength

Service properties Hardness / Strength (Hardening temp.)

45301 W

Fe

W, Cr, V

42-48 HRC

38-52 HRC (1050-1100 °C)

V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (550 °C), T, (SP)

45303 W

Fe

Mo, Cr, V, W, C

62-64 HRC

59-65 HRC (1180-1220 °C)

V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (540 °C), T

45305 W

Fe

Cr, Mo, C

42-48 HRC

38-52 HRC (1020-1050 °C)

V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (550 °C), T, (SP)

45318 W

Fe

Cr, V, Mo, C

38-40 HRC

61-62 HRC (1050 °C)

45351 W

Fe

Cr, C

57-62 HRC

55-60 HRC (1020-1070 °C)

V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (520 °C)

45353 W

Fe

Cr, Mo, C

42-47 HRC

44-48 HRC (980-1030 °C)

V, N, E, CR, CVD, R, Z (900 °C), SP

45355 W

Fe

Ni, Co, Mo

34 HRC

51 HRC (480 °C)

45406 W

Co

Cr, W, C

38-43 HRC

38-43 HRC

T, R, Z (800 °C), K, SP, P

45421 W

Co

Cr, Mo

275-325 HV

42-45 HRC

T, R, Z (1100 °C), K, SP, P

45507 W *

Fe

Cr, Ni

200-250 HV

400-450 HV

N, CR, T, R, Z (900 °C), K, SP, P

45651 W

Ni

Cr, Co, Mo

250 HV

375 HV

WA, T (900 °C), R, Z (1000 °C), K, SP

45653 W

Ni

Cr, Mo

200 HV

200 HV

N, T, R, Z (1000 °C), K, SP

45654 W *

Ni

Cr, Mo, Mn, Nb

220 HV

220 HV

CR, AB (650 °C), T, R, Z (1100 °C), SP, P

45656 W *

Ni

Ti

120 HV

120 HV

AB, R, SP

45660 W *

Ni

Cu, Mn

150 HV

150 HV

CR, R, SP, P

45701 W

Cu

Ni, Mn

100-110 HV

100-110 HV

CR, R, SP, P

Additional application areas

V, F, N, SP

WA (4 h), N, CR, AB (480 °C), T, R, SP, P

Plasma Transferred Arc Solutions with EuTroLoy® Powders

Laser Solutions with fine wires

Special Processes for Tool Welding Welding consumables

B ase

Alloy elements

As w elded Hardness- / Strength

Service properties Hardness / Strength (Hardening temp.)

45273 L A

Fe

Mn, Mo

190 HB

190 HB

45303 L A

Fe

Mo, Cr, V, W, C

62-64 HRC

59-65 HRC(1180-1220°C)

45351 L A

Fe

Si, Mn, Cr, C

58 HRC

58 HRC

45355 L A

Fe

Ni, Co, Mo

34 HRC

51 HRC (480 °C)

45366 L A

Fe

Mn, Cr, Mo, Ti, C

56 HRC

56 HRC

AB, E, F, T, V

45367 L A

Fe

Mn, Cr, Mo, Ti, C

44 HRC

44 HRC

AB, E, F, T, V

45368 L A

Fe

Mn, Cr, Mo, C

40 HRC

40 HRC

AB, E, F, T, V, SP

45553 L A

Fe

Cr, Ni, Mo

240-280 HV

240-280 HV

SP, P, R

45802 L A

Al

Mg

215-255 N/mm2

65-75 HB

R, K, SP

EuTroLoy 16006-04

Co

C r W Si C

40 HRC

40 HRC

T, R, Z, SP

EuTroLoy 16008-04

Co

Cr Mo Ni C

30 HRC

30 HRC

T, R, Z, SP

EuTroLoy 16012-04

Co

C r W Si C

46 HRC

46 HRC

T, R, Z, SP

EuTroLoy 16221-04

Ni

C r S i B Fe A l C

30 HRC

30 HRC

CR, R, Sp, P

EuTroLoy 16606-04

Fe

W Mo Cr V C

58 HRC

58 HRC

V, F, CR, CVD, T

Additional application areas V, N, E, CR, CVD, SP V, F, N, CR, CVD, AB (540 °C), T AB, V, T WA (4 h), N, CR, AB (480°C), T, R, SP, P

Hardness values depend on the welding parameters, pre-heat, etc. It is therefore not posible to give any guarantee for achieving the hardness values. AB Temper resistance K Cold work-hardening T Creep, hot wear resistance CR Chromium plating N Nitriding V Heat treatment CVD Chemical Vapour Deposition P Polishing WA Age hardening E Case hardening R Corrosion-, oxidation resistance Z Scaling resistance * Joining F Surface hardening: flame hardening SP Machinability © 2002 - Castolin Eutectic

9


Example of Castolin Eutectic Service How to Increase Hot Forging Die Performance Industry Metal working Equipment Drop forging hammers Part Single & multiple impression dies Die dimensions 620 x 520 x 300 mm Die material 56 NiCrMoV7 (W.-Nr 1.2714) Billet material 34 CrNiMo 6 steel Forging temperature1200°C Die Performance The number of quality accepted forgings manufactured or “die performance”, is closely related to the following variables : - Die design and material - Type of forging equipment - Mechanical alignment - Operating loading cycles - Die preheat prior to operations - Billet material and heat treating procedures - Lubrication and coolants used in service

When a cobalt type “21” alloy was substituted instead to solve the thermal fatigue cracking problems, die performance was increased to around 2500 quality forgings before creep deformation exceeded specified dimensional tolerances. The best solution for the above case proved to be the formulation of a new Castolin Eutectic alloy electrode XHD6865 specially developed to combat hot forging wear conditions. The dual die “blocking” and “finishing” impressions completely surface protected by the XHD-6865 alloy, produced over 4000 quality forgings.

A lack of control in one or more of the above variables will lead to premature die failures by surface cracking, wear or deformation producing forgings with poor surface cosmetics and unacceptable dimensional tolerances. Typical die performance in the above case was around 900 quality forgings.

Number of Quality Forgings

Increasing Forge Die Performance 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 1

2

3

4

Type of weld coating: 1. None 2. Nickel alloy “C” type 3. Cobalt alloy “21” type 4. EutecTrode XHD-6865

Improving Die Performance The physical / mechanical wear factors which directly influence the average service life of hot forging dies are : - High impact forces - Medium pressures - Elevated surface temperature cycles - Thermal fatigue crack initiation and growth - Creep deformation - Metal / metal friction - Abrasive scale and oxide The use of selected, surface engineered alloys to weldprotect the critical working areas against the predominant wear factors can significantly increase die performance as seen on the graph. Hence the use of a work hardening nickel “C” type alloy in the above case increased die performance to around 1800 quality forgings before surface, thermal fatigue damage to the die became excessive.

XHD-6865 weld protected and EDM machined drop forging die still in perfect condition after 2500 quality forgings.

© 2002 - Castolin Eutectic

10


The Castolin Eutectic Partnership Castolin Eutectic has one of the largest technical sales staff in the field in Europe (over 300 in 16 countries). This means having a welding and wear expert to serve you locally, who is also linked to our worldwide ToolTec program and Application Databank-TeroLink.

The TeroLink Databank allows identification and access to 5,000 proven solutions and the possibility of detailed, step-bystep repair procedures, known as Method Statements.

1. Technical Support

2. Terolink Databank For the individual application, complete heat-treatment procedure for the various products can be developed to ensure reliable and effective repair and performance.

Our International “KNOWLEDGE & KNOW-HOW”

3. Complete Customized Solution and Procedure

KNOWLEDGE + TOOLS = SUCCESSFUL SOLUTION Our “TOOLS” 1. Complete Consumable Alloy Range

The Castolin Eutectic ToolTec product range is one of the broadest in the industry and includes: specialised welding electrodes, cored wires, TIG rods, laser fine wires and Plasma Transferred Arc powders.

2. Equipment Systems

A wide range of complementary equipment (MIG/MAG, TIG, MMA welding and PTA) has been developed to ensure optimum coating performance and ease of use.

3. Terolab Service Shops

Castolin Eutectic Maintenance & Repair specialists and facilities are available in selected countries to handle onsite and workshop applications.


Your resource for protection, repair and joining solutions

TeroLink Global Application Database. This unique, multi-lingual system makes Castolin Eutectic’s documented solutions easily accessable from around the world.

Technology development

Production quality control

Training programs

Castolin Eutectic has almost 100 years of experience in the field of wear and specialised joining and a global presence in more than 100 countries

Some of our 300+ Application Specialists, just in Europe!

www.castolin.com Great Britain: Eutectic Company Ltd. 10 Merse Rd Redditch, Worcs. B98 9NZ Tel. 0044 1527 58 22 00 Fax 0044 1527 58 22 01

South Africa: Eutectic South Africa (PTY) Ltd. Stand 330, Electron Close, Unit No. 2 Kya Sands, Randberg Tel. 0027 11 708 10 42 Fax 0027 11 708 10 90

Switzerland: Castolin Eutectic International S.A. Case postale 360 CH-1001 Lausanne Tel. 0041 021 694 11 11 Fax 0041 021 694 11 70

/ToolTec_English  

http://www.castolin.com/wCastolin_com/solutions/pdf_pic/ToolTec_English.pdf

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