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CASSIDY M. HULS undergraduate works

Cassidy M. Huls e. t. w. a. 585 49O 2449 5367 County Rd 33 Canandiagua NY, 14424



SUNY University at Buffalo School of Architecture Bachelors of Science in Architecture

17 21



fall 2O12

summer 2O12

spring 2O12

contents Ascending Park



Diagonal Wrapping


Unrestricted Garden

Urban Exploration

25 cd

Living Wall

Construction Drawings


fall 2O11


fall 2O1O


spring 2O1O

Stacked Space


Ascending Park Mixed-Use Hosing Complex


Site Elevation 1

Located on Elmwood Ave in Buffalo,NY, this mixed-use housing complex incorporates a vertical open air park. Certain characteristics from each program were compared and mixed to create a hybrid type program. The park expands and contracts in certain areas to allow for different activities. The park also spreads horizontally onto the void spaces in the apartments. Trees and greenery are placed in areas of the park. The apartments are narrow and long, with the length depending on the apartment type. All apartments are either type A or type B. The two and three bedroom units have stairs that are cut away and manipulated to create a living stair, making them occupiable living spaces.

Housing Complex Park Vertical Expansion

Horizontal Expansion

Lack of green spaces

Surplus of green space

Distinct walking zones

No distinct walking zones

High density Few entrances to programs Not the th best place for dogs Enclosed

Low density Multiple entry points Place for dogs Open Air


Expansion off existing grid [Vertical + Horizontal]

Un-bordered expansion [Horizontal]

Green Space

Surplus of green space

Lack of green space Oc cu py

Ap art me


Ha llw

Zones Wa



No set walking path

Set zones for walking+occupying


Low density

High density

Entry Points

Multiple varied entry points

One main entry, multiple sub-entries


Space for dogs to run

Dogs restricted by leases and roads


Enclosed structure

Open air space


ap Ground Plan

Three Bedroom

Unit Drawings Each unit as two different sections, but the same plan. The different sections change due to the stairs either going up or down, and the window placement due to privacy

Unrolled Building ding Section Sectioo

Level 3

Two Bedroom


One Bedroom 415 sq. ft.

Basement Plan


Two Bedroom 7OO sq. ft.

8 Three Bedroom v1,35O sq. ft.

8 7 6 5 4 3 2

One Bedroom


Unit Aggregation

Total Distance: 1/3 mile



Section A

[scale: 1/8”=1’]

West Elevation


Render from the downtown sound of Elmwood Ave. Physical model pictures in site model

Photo montage of entrance into the park



ap 2O


Green Spaces


A public park is wrapped up the building in an open-air ramp system. The park contains various types of trees and plants. Every roof that is exposed is a green roof which creates a very sustainable system.

Rainwater Collection Channel

A channel for rainwater collection is integrated into the ramp system. It follows the inner curve of the ramp and is brought down to a cistern in the basement. The water is then used to water the trees and plants in the park.





Performative Section Construction Process


SSolar oolaar Exposure EExxpposure

Summer Su umme sun sun iss blocked lo k d through hr u h deep e p windows, w dow void wi void spaces, s aces and sp and pplants. an s. s Winter W nt r sun u passes p sses easily easily through t ro g the th t e space p ce Wi e Sun Winter S n 233 Summer Su mmee Sun S n 72

CCross ross Ventilation Ventila latt on


Narrow a row apartments ar p rt r m nt and a d multiple m tii e void o sp ac s allows allow fforr easy a y cross r ss ventilation ventt at n spaces

113’ 3

111’ 1’


12” 2 piles p es


4 footers ooteers 24”


4” basement basem ment n floor flf o slab s ab 14” 1’ packed p c ed gravel r vel e


meter m e er rooms et rooms for or units uni s [water, wa er electric, e ectt ic gas] gas


mechanical m ech n caa rooms rooms for o pubic pub c park p rk [lighting, [ g t ngg radiant rad ant heated heeatted path] pat ]


6” mullions mu o s ddouble oub e pained a ned glass glass s 1/4” 1/ /4”” glass, g ass, 1/2” /2”” gap, g p 1/4” 1 4 glass 1/ ga s


ramp ra mp slab slaab construction constr t ucction 55”” finishes n shes [radiant [ adiant heat, h a path, pa h, soil] s l]] so 14” 4 site s te cast cast concrete o cre e slab s abb


feather e the reed ree e d grass, grass depth d p h varies vari r s from from m 1’-4’ ’-4’ 4


mesh m sh railings an s


vertical ertt ca garden garde d n wrapping wrapp p n egress eg esss towers toowers


unit n construction co s ruc o 110”” site 10 site cast a t concrete concr te t 6”” rigid r idd insulation ri insu at o 22” wall w finishes wa f nii h s


window construction w n ow co n tr t u ti n mullions m mu ions n inset inset into nt concrete co c e e walls wal s 1/4” 1/ /4” glass, g ass, s 1/2” 1//2” gap, gap a 1/4” 1 4 glass glass s

111’ 1

14 19


111’ 1’






111’ 1 1’




9’’ 9


air exhaust ai exh x a s out out of o mechanical mechan a c closet ose


mechanical m echani a chases c ases vvertical ertic i all chases cha e hhouse o se waste w s e pipes wa pipe and and n mechanical m cha iccal services me serv ces mechanical m echani n a closet c oset holds h lds 1 water w er heater wa eat r per p r unit un t


mechanical m ecchani a services s rvices running run u ni n g through throu h floor floo finishes f ni n hes


radiator adiator too distribute dii tr b t heat heat


heated eat d exterior e terior path p th to to remove em ve snow n w + ice ice

18 18

exterior x e ior lighting g tin gh i g inset n e into intoo concrete concret e e slab lab follows fo lows the he curve curve v of of the he path patt


66” water w ter collection wa coo ecti n channel, cha nel, brought brou o g t down down too basement basemee t cistern


15”” site 15 it cast a t concrete concr te columns col mn


electric el c r elevator eva or machine m ma ch n room o m



2 1


Measure 2: Regional/Community Design +Bicycle parking on-site +Located on main road +Bus station right off site +8 Story building creates a high density site

Measure 3: Land Use and Site Ecology +Re-use brown-field site +Live/Use type Design -Housing units are for people with dogs -Residents use the park to walk their dogs +Large urban park creates a large public green space

Measure 6: Water Cycle +Water channel collects rain water and uses it to water park plants +Use main ground water to heat units

Measure 8: Materials and Construction +Concrete is made of recycled aggregate +Materials are purchased or made locally, cutting down on transportation costs +Grass and trees are taken from sites where they are being disposed of and placed in the public park

Green Roof



re gc


en hd





din buil park orysity urban t s i- en Munlitts + high d

Large Public Park

28 u

Water Collection Cycle Water collection channel follows the inner ramps’ path and is brought down to a cistern every level. Water is used to water the plants in the park.

Bus Stop

Bike Parking Main Pedestrian Traffic Pedestrians are brought up off the ground level path onto the public park

Main Vehicle Transportation Elmwood Ave

Sustainability Issues

9 View Progression Up the Ramp

Level 1A

Level 1B

Level 3A

Level 3B

Level 4C

Level 5A

Measure 1: Design + Innovation

+Orientation of units allows for east, south and west light into all apartments +Narrow arrangement of units allows for easy cross-ventilation through units +Large park creates a public green space

Measure 4: Bioclimatic Design

+All units arranged on the east, south, and west facade +Summer sun is blocked by the solid masses to keep park cool in the summer +Winter sun enters the park through the east, south and west facade void spaces +Narrow units allow for easy cross ventilation

Measure 5: Light + Air +Air enters through void spaces +Light enters through void spaces +Summer sun is blocked by solid masses

Summer Sun 7O

Thermal Masses The interior massive floors of the apartments, serve as thermal masses that store heat from the sun, and release it into the space at night.

Winter Sun 23

Level 2A

Level 2B

Level 4A

Level 4B

Level 5B

Level 6C


Diagonal Wrapping Market-Office Proposal

2O,OOO sq. ft. Office 15,OOO sq. ft. Market


Form Diagram

The market office proposal located in Pittsburgh, PA in the strip district incorporates a skin that addresses sustainability, privacy, program, and entries. This skin consists of diagonally wrapped strips that change in size and extrude at different depths off the facade. The office and market are visually connected by a large open atrium in the middle of the space. The office floor plates are manipulated to allow for overlooking spaces within the office. The strips around the facade narrow around the public space to allow more light in while keeping privacy in the office.

Hierarchy of Spaces Most Grand

Least Grand


Section Through Skin

Floor Plates



Summer Ventilation Thermal Buffer Zone

Winter Ventilation Thermal Buffer Zone

Diagrid A solar chimney is located on every wall between the panels. A double skin glass enclosed chimney serves as a ventilation tube in the summer, and heat storage and distribution in the winter.

Night Lighting

Ecotect + Radiance Analysis

Roof Structure

Egress Stairs

Night Rendering Night Rendering



Roof Plan

Front Elevation

Southeast Elevation


Side Elevation

Back Elevation




Second Level


Third Level A A

Section A Section A 3/32”=1’

Southwest Elevation


dw 1 2 3 4

6” Concrete Floor Slab 8” I-Beam 2” Steel Mullions 1” Double Glass Panels

1/4” Glass, 1/2” Space, 1/4” Glass


6” Hollow Steel Section Diagrid 1/2” Steel Fin


1/2” Steel Flange




Welded connection to diagrid

Hooks onto steel fin Bolted connection

Prefabricated Panels

Steel fin, steel frame and titanium panels assembled off-site in 12’ sections. Connected to building through hook and bolted connections

1/2” Steel Fin

Allows for panels to be hooked in place before bolting


3” Thick Steel Frame


1/8” Thick Titanium Panels

Hollow Steel Section

Painted Interior

Exploded Connection Detail


1/8” Titanium Panels


3” Hollow Steel Frame 1/2” Steel Fin Hooking System

3 4 5 6

Prefabricated off site

Allows panel to hook onto flange to hold panel in place before bolting

1/2” Steel Flange 1/2” Steel Fin

Welded to diagrid structure

Exploded Panel Connection


Physical model pictures in site



Unrestricted Garden Buffalo and Erie County Botanical Gardens Addition

The structure of the gardens allows for tall trees and incorporates space for small trees and bushed. Many different species of trees that live in the botanical gardens range in height This structural system allows space for all different types of plants without the restriction of columns.

The addition to the historic Buffalo and Erie County Botanical Gardens (BECBG) located in Olmstead Park, uses a bridge like suspension structure to create an space unrestricted by columns. The structure was designed to allow for massive spans with no columns. The form follows the existing structure and the bands shift to create smaller spaces within the large space for other programs such as a small cafe, classrooms, etc. A space for events such as weddings needed to be incorporated into the space.

Redwood 12O

7O ft American persimmon 65


Aspen 45 Montezuma Cypress 4O

ft. ft.

Coconut Palm



2O ft.

Proposed Demolition

Existing Building

Proposed Addition

Shifting Roof Heights

Unrestricted Isle

Spaces hinge off the center isle in ramps, either up or down, depending on the program.

Shadows Formed from Roof

Protected Exterior Courtyards

Temporary Exhibitions


Existing Building

Restaurant Lounge Cafe

Orangery/Event Space


Study Models

Large Scale Mock-up Method: tack welding



Front Elevation

Section B






Urban Explorations Tokyo Study Abroad

The city of Tokyo, Japan was explored during a nine week summer program. Multiple areas of the city were observed by placing yourself within the city. The pedestrian flow and lack of flow was studied and abstracted into diagrams. This idea was then pushed into the future by 15O years. A futuristic sidewalk was conceptually developed to track the specific flow patterns of the pedestrians of Tokyo. This flow tracking was displayed on the sidewalk and could be manipulated to do various different things. Being placed in the city as an actual Tokyo pedestrian was an incredible way to observe the city.

Distracted Person [M]


[F] [M]

Conscious Person [F]

Overlapping Views

Stationary Flow


[F] [M] [F]

The observation of stationary pedestrians and the overlapping view points of certain people

[M] [F]






Store Entrance

Sound Zone

Sidewalk Flow

The different speeds and locations where pedestrians slow down or speed up. The noise of different pedestrians were observed also, shown in blue



[against the flow of traffic]

[with the flow of traffic]

[against the flow of traffic]

[with the flow of traffic]



Communte Home





Abstracting where people would be going. Observed from the initial point at the light before crossing the crosswalk and then as peoeple disperse out

[against the flow of traffic]

[8.1] [9.0]

Traffic Light

Destination Flow




Time Range

The study of the time it takes to cross a busy crosswalk and the different paths and speeds that were used based on various obstructions

[with the flow of traffic]

[against the flow of traffic]

[with the flow of traffic]

Crosswalk Flow


Measured Trajectory
























This staggered path of pedestrian movement was measured by taking a series of photographs every 2 mutes for an hour and a half. These photos were taken in relation to the straight yellow line that follows the sidewalk that is unique to the city of Tokyo. The photos are then compiled in a continuous drawing and points are connected to show different relations.



These series of points in then converted into a model. A spine like structure was designed to show the relation of the point. Faceted paper is then placed inside the spine connecting at the points. A series of lines is projected onto the paper to connect certain points.

Futuristic City Taking the studies of pedestrian flow, a futuristic conceptual design of a tracking sidewalk is developed. This sidewalk can act as a GPS, a social network, and a warning for obstructions. Friends path displayed in front you. Can follow and see where your friend is and where they stopped

Pedestrian path that is tracked while walking

Density [24 people per sq. M.]


A Tracking Sidewalk With the sidewalk being used everyday by millions, it can start to become an interactive piece that has multiple purposes. In the future of Tokyo, the sidewalk would become a tracker. A machine at your feet that tracks, records, and displays data. Lines will be projected out from behind the pedestrian, tracking their direct path, their speed, and their stoppages. As the person moves on, the line further behind them would start to fade away and be overlapped with other pedestrians. However, their path would still be in the system and accessible at any point.


People on the sidewalk would be tracked using a line, following behind them.

Pedestrians Path


Where Are My Friends? This interactive sidewalk can be used for various other purposes. For instance, using a smart phone or device, you can input your friends phone number into your phone and their path will be displayed in front of your feet. The path will show where your friend slowed down, which streets they took, and places they stopped.

The line would change in thickness based on speed and stoppages.

Friends Path












A vibration will occur at your feet and direct you on another path to avoid collision. A line will appear to notify you of an obstruction up ahead.

People in a hurry wont get held up.















[00:51:00] [00:40:30] [00:37:30]




People become engaged socially



Connected Pedestrian

Can We Talk? With a world wrapped in social media, the sidewalk becomes a social network at your feet. Each person can program their line to be a certain color based on certain meanings. For instance, a green colored line would be someone who is not in a particular rush and is open for conversation, or advertisements for shops and restaurants. A red line would be programed for people who are in a hurry to get someplace, or do not want to be interrupted by people or advertisements. The normal blue colored line would be neutral.


Pedestrian in the way

Sumimasen, You’re in my Way. Disconnected Pedestrian

Typically in all busy cities, Tokyo included, people are always sidestepping to avoid other pedestrians or obstacles. This sidewalk system allows a way around that. When some ones path is in the way of another, the floor will slightly vibrate to notify that person. Then, an alternate route will be displayed in front of that person. This would be used for other obstacles such as traffic cones, construction, or large groups of people. The sidewalk will predict the paths of others and allow for alternate path for the incoming pedestrian.


Living Wall Built Occupiable Wall

Module Assembly Process


The Living Wall is a group project constructed in the Griffis Sculpture Park in Elicottville, NY. It is a built structure that includes sleeping spaces for at least 3 people. It also incorporate an entry and openings that interact with the project next to it. The project started with a 6’x6’x8’ cube that was manipulated with only two massing shifts. Construction drawings were made that included the total weight of the project, including nails and bolts. The structure was built using 2x4’s for the framing and plywood for the cladding. The amount of needed materials was figured out and charted. All the projects were assembled in a linear line to form a small community. Each project was built in modules and then assembled on site. The transportation to the site was also considered in the design and was to be addressed.

Form Massing

Framing Structure



Exploded Axonometric total 2x3's : total 2x6's:

38 15

total sheets of 1/2" Plywood: total sheets of 3/8" Plywood:

5 8

total 4x4's: total 2x4's:

3 1

total 2x3's length: total 2x6's length: total 1/2" plywood area: total 3/8" plywood area:

290 Ō. 129.5 Ō. 97.6 Ō sq. 206.5 Ō sq.

Total Building Weight:

923.6 lbs.


Module 1

Module 2


Module 3

Module 4

Module 5

Module 6


Construction Drawings

Construction Technology

1 Footers for perimeter foundation -36” wide x 12” deep, reinforced concrete with #5 bars running throughout

2 Underground Wall Sections -12” CMU reinforced with #5 bars, 48” O.C. -8” CMU located directly in front of 12” CMU

3 Ground Floor -Recess floor slab for tile finish, to be flush with the finish of slab -Mesh reinforcement -4” of packed gravel underneath the floor slab

4 Ground Floor wall section -12” CMU reinforced 48” O.C. -Damp proofing applied to exterior edge of 12” CMU -Sloped cement wash located under flashing -2” thick rigid insulation attached to exterior face of 12” CMU -2” Thick air cavity -Inside Cavity, Flashing located on block above ground level -Horizontal joint reinforcement 16” O.C., vertical -4” thick 8”x8” CMU with transparent waterproof coating on exterior -Weep holes located 32” O.C.

5 First Floor Construction -2x10 floor joists running south to north -ridge board attached to concrete slab by ¾” bolts, 48” O.C. -3/4” sheeting on top of joists -3/4” Flooring material on top of sheeting -Bridging located 8’ from wall

6 Windows -1/8” double pained glass, set inside 6” mullions -12” bond beam below window, solid, #5 rebar reinforcement -8” lintel, solid, #5 rebar reinforcement

7 Columns -12” CMU blocks, filled with grout -#5 rebar running vertically through corners -Wire reinforcements around perimeter

Croffead House

Clark & Menefee Architects



Axonometric drawings were made for a masonry construction building, and a steel construction building. The drawings were constructed from the real construction plans, sections, and details of each building. The buildings studied were the Croffead House, by Clark and Menefee Architects for masonry, and the Kitsap County Administration Building by Miller Hull Architects for steel construction.

Ground Floor (Parking Garage) 10” Concrete wall Concrete slab, slope at ¼” per foot Sub-slab drainage First Floor Cast in place concrete wall Cont. sealant joint at stone to concrete byd Rigid insulation on interior Cast in place concrete floor slap Rigid insulation Vinyl faced batt insulation R-21 Termination bar and sealant at WP ½” expansion material SOG at exterior Sill pan flashing set in bed of sealant Raised floor system with finish per schedule Access panel perimeter, condition varies Continuous Fin tube radiator on support Continuous aluminum plenum divider Divider mechanically fastened to panel edge



Window Sill pan flashing, set in bed of sealant ½” backer rod and sealant, typ F.O. wall BYD Aluminum window system Second Floor Aluminum storefront window system Spandrel panel or glass per schedule Exposed cast in place concrete beam Cont. plenum divider 2 ½” stl. Stud stem wall at window opening Stone cladding beyond


Suspended ACT ceiling GWB ceiling Acoustic ceiling tile MTL trim at perimeter GWB soffit, PTD Paintable caulk Concrete plank 4

Sunscreen Aluminum storefront with compensation channel Cast in place concrete lintel Roofing membrane at inside F.O. parapet Membrane flashing Cont. cleat on plastic spacer align with F.O. sunshade Sheet metal coping type 4 F.O. stone cladding beyond 3

Roof Stone cladding Cont. support at top of stone course typ Backer rod and sealant Self adhesive waterproofing Cont filler weld to stl plate at outside ½” self tapping bolt with oversized neoprene washer at 16” OC Cont. 3/8” stl plate



Kitsap County Administration building Miller Hull Architects X


Stacked Space University at Buffalo Medical Library

The library proposal for the downtown medical campus of the University at Buffalo incorporates books, reading spaces, a cybrary, study carrels, exterior green spaces, and open outdoor terraces. Each level has a different floor profile allowing for either covered spaces below, or overlooking onto the floor bellow. The building consists of three towers, one for books, one for reading, and one for the cybrary. These towers each have their own elevator and are separated by exterior void spaces on the lower levels. The towers are then connected on the upper levels by median spaces that serve as space for both programs. There is a large green space on the second level with a grand exterior stair entry.

Book Stacks Cybrary


Main Entrance

Delivery Entrance

The stacked form results in spaces with different heights, inside and outside the structure.

Functionally Undefined Space Functionally Specific Space

Physical model level by level progression


Kevin’s Guest House 4O ft

Downtown Site

Height Transition

Buffalo General Hospital 15O ft.

Section B

South Elevation



Book Stacks lighting


Level 4

Physical Model

Massing Model

Roof Plan


= Cassidy M. Huls Huls? 5367 County Rd 33, Canandaigua NY, 14424 585 49O 2449



To find a position in the architectural field that challenges me to think and improve my skills while instilling creation in those around me. To always be open for growth and learn from people and my surroundings.

University at Buffalo


School of Architecture and Planning BS Architecture degree

Tokyo, Japan

May 2O12-July 2O12

University at Buffalo Study Abroad Nine week program housed in Tokyo, Japan Urban mapping and futuristic planning

publications + exhibitions


University at Buffalo, Buffalo NY | 2O13 Work selected by faculty to be published in the annual students work magazine. Work selected was Tokyo study abroad work.

Archived Exhibits

University at Buffalo, Buffalo NY | 2O11 + 2O12 Market-office project and mixed use housing complex selected to be in a school-wide exhibit. Work selected by faculty.

Extending the Strip

Pittsburgh PA, Bar Marco | 2O11

Invited to exhibit work during the fall 2O11 design studio for a market-office proposal for a Pittsburgh, PA site.

The Living Wall

Architecture Record | 2O1O

First year group design project

skills work experience

Software Rhinoseros Autocad Adobe creative suites Google sketchup 3dsMax Revit Vray Fabrication Lasercutting Model Building Woodshop Welding Soldering


Inn on the Lake, Canandaigua NY | 2OO6-2O12 Responsible for the needs of customers Organization of supplies, answering phones, taking reservations Customer service

Student Event Operations

University at Buffalo, Buffalo NY | 2OO9-present Responsible for planning and organizing student events. Overseeing and performing promotions Distributing and collecting fund for student events.

Undergraduate Design Work  

University at Buffalo Undergraduate Deign work. 2009-2012

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