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C a rri e G a m m ell P L AC E S & SPACES


F O RGE C R A F T A RC H I T E C T U R E + D E S IGN BLU E BON N E T ST U DIO S AUST I N, T E X A S, USA 2 015 -2 016


AUSTIN & A F FOR DA BL E HOUSI N G B l u e b o n n e t S t u d i o s s h o w c a s e s s o m e o f t h e m o s t p rog re s s i ve d e s ig n i n i t i a t i ve s n o t o n l y i n a f f o rd a b l e h o u s i ng b u t i n m u l t i - f a m i l y h o u s i ng i n ge n e ra l. D e s ig n e d b y Fo rge C ra f t A rc h i t e c t u re + D e s ig n a n d D i c k C l a rk + A s s o c i a t e s, t h e b u i l d i ng’s e f f i c i e n c y a p a r t m e n t s f o c u s i n w a rd l y a ro u n d a m u l t i - h e igh t c o u r t y a rd a n d o u t w a rd l y e ng a ge t h e u rb a n f a b r i c o f S o u t h L a m a r B o u l e v a rd . I n c o n t ra s t t o i t s e c l e c t i c c o n t e x t , B l u e b o n n e t S t u d i o s p re s e n t s a m o n o l i t h i c s t re e t f a c a d e w i t h m u l t i c o l o re d o p e n i ngs, e a c h w i n d o w s e r v i ng a s a m a rk e r o f t h e re s i d e n t s’ i n d i v i d u a l h o m e s. A p a r t m e n t s c o m e f u r n i s h e d w i t h a l l u t i l i t i e s p a i d . O f t h e 10 7 s i ngl e - o c c u p a n c y u n i t s, 2 2 a re re s e r ve d f o r t h e a re a’s h o m e l e s s a n d l o w - i n c o m e ve t e ra n s, w h i l e f i ve a re d e d i c a t e d t o l o c a l m u s i c i a n s. B l u e b o n n e t S t u d i o s o f f e rs o n - s i t e s u p p o r t s e r v i c e s s u c h a s e d u c a t i o n a l p rog ra m s, f i n a n c i a l s t a b i l i t y p rog ra m s, a n d c o m m u n i t y s u p p o r t. T h e re s i d e n c e i s s t e p s f ro m p u b l i c t ra n s i t , w i t h e a s y a c c e s s t o e m p l o y m e n t o p p o r t u n i t i e s, re t a i l , a n d e n t e r t a i n m e n t. T h e p roj e c t h a s b e e n d e s ig n e d t o e x c e e d L E E D Pl a t i n u m s t a n d a rd s a n d i s e x p e c t e d t o e a r n a f i ve s t a r ra t i ng f ro m A u s t i n E n e rg y G re e n B u i l d i ng.


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F O RGE C R A F T A RC H I T E C T U R E + D E S IGN PE AC H ST R E E T HOUSE R E H A BI L I TAT ION & A DDI T ION AUST I N, T E X A S, USA 2 016 - PR E SE N T


AUSTIN & BUN G A LOWS W h i l e re s i d e n c e s o f b l a c k s h a d b e e n w i d e l y s c a t t e re d a l l a c ro s s A u s t i n i n 18 8 0, b y 193 0 t h e y we re h e a v i l y c o n c e n t ra t e d o n t h e e a s t s i d e, a p ro c e s s e n c o u ra ge d b y t h e 19 2 8 C i t y Pl a n . Fra n k Ta r ve r, a c a r p e n t e r, a n d h i s w i f e C o ra f i rs t o w n e d a n d o c c u p i e d t h e Pe a c h S t re e t H o u s e f ro m 1911 t o 1913; Ja m e s G i l b e r t , a C i t y S a n i t a t i o n D e p a r t m e n t w o rk e r, a n d h i s w i f e R o s e o w n e d a n d o c c u p i e d t h e h o m e f ro m 19 23 t o 193 6; I ra C o l e m a n , a Wo rl d Wa r I ve t e ra n a n d j e we l r y s t o re p o r t e r, a n d h i s w i f e M a t t i e o w n e d a n d o c c u p i e d t h e h o u s e f ro m 193 6 u n t i l 19 70. I t h a s b e e n a re n t a l u n i t s i n c e t h a t t i m e. O r igi n a l l y b u i l t i n a s a s i ngl e - f a m i l y V i c t o r i a n h o m e i n 1911, t h e Pe a c h S t re e t H o u s e u n d e r we n t a C ra f t s m a n - s t y l e re n o v a t i o n i n t h e 19 2 0 s. T h e c u r re n t o w n e rs, a h i s t o r i a n o f A f r i c a a n d a f i c t i o n w r i t e r, a s p i re t o re h a b i l i t a t e t h e e x t e r i o r o f t h e h o u s e a n d m o d e r n i ze i t s i n t e r i o r. T h e y p l a n t o c o n ve r t t h e m a i n l e ve l b a c k i n t o a s i ngl e - f a m i l y h o m e a n d e x c a v a t e t h e c ra wl s p a c e t o i n c l u d e gu e s t b e d ro o m s, a s i ngl e - c a r g a ra ge, a m u d ro o m , a n d a re n t a l a p a r t m e n t. I n t h e f u t u re t h e o w n e rs h o p e t o m a x i m i z e t h e l o t ’s e n t i t l e m e n t s b y b u i l d i ng a b a c k y a rd c o t t a ge a n d s u b d i v i d i ng t h e l o t.


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AU R A I N C O L L A BO R AT ION W I T H SE T H G O ODM A N, JOH N L AYC O C K, RO G E R CAU V I N, & ROBE RT PR E N T I SS “ T R A NSI T C I T Y: A V I SION F O R A M U LT I MODA L AUST I N ” M AY 2 016


AUSTIN & T HE C IT Y A u s t i n’s p o p u l a t i o n a n d t ra f f i c a re o n t h e r i s e, y e t t h e s h a re o f A u s t i n i t e s ge t t i ng a ro u n d b y t ra n s i t i s d e c re a s i ng. Fu r t h e r m o re, h o u s i ng s h o r t a ge s i n t h e u rb a n c o re a re f o rc i ng A u s t i n i t e s a w a y f ro m a re a s b e s t s e r ve d b y t ra n s i t. WHY TRANSIT? We envision a t ra nsit- oriented Aust in, where the va st m ajorit y of h omes a n d dest in a t ions a re within a n ea s y, comforta ble walk of a f requent bus or t rain line. B y 2 0 4 0 ou r goal is for Aust inites to ta ke over h alf their t rips by pu blic t ra nsporta t ion, walk ing, or bic ycling. It’s a n a m bit ious goal with huge benef its: A F FO R DA B I L I T Y. A f f o rd a b i l i t y i s a b o u t m o re t h a n j u s t t h e c o s t o f h o u s i ng. T h e a ve ra ge A u s t i n h o u s e h o l d s p e n d s 2 0 % o f t h e i r t o t a l i n c o m e o n t ra n s p o r t a t i o n . H igh - q u a l i t y t ra n s i t w i l l h e l p m a n y f a m i l i e s re d u c e o r e l i m i n a t e t h e h u ge b u rd e n o f o w n i ng a n d o p e ra t i ng a c a r. E N V I R O N M E N TA L S U S TA I NA B I L I T Y. T h e A u s t i n C o m m u n i t y C l i m a t e Pl a n re c og n i ze s t ra n s i t ’s ro l e i n re d u c i ng o u r c a rb o n f o o t p r i n t. A ro b u s t m a s s t ra n s i t s y s t e m i s a b s o l u t e l y n e c e s s a r y t o a c h i e ve c a rb o n n e u t ra l i t y i n a re a s o n a b l e t i m e f ra m e. FI NA N CI A L S US TA I NA B I L I T Y. E n d l es s e x p a n s i o n of h ighwa ys i s f i n a n ci a lly u n s u s t a i n a ble, le a d i ng t h e Te x a s D ep a r t m e n t of Tra n s p o r t a t i o n a n d o t h er age n cies t o c o n t i n u a lly s ee k n e w f u n d i ng. H igh q u a li t y t ra n s i t m oves p eopl e ef f i cie n tly, l owers l o ng- t er m c os ts, a n d u s es l es s l a n d. Wit h b e t te r t ra n s it A u s t i n c o u l d d e - p a ve e x p a n s es of a s p h a l t a n d ret u r n t h a t s p a ce t o b e n ef i ci a l a n d p ro d u c t ive u s es. H E A L T H A N D S A F E T Y. A u s t i n s u f f e re d re c o rd t ra f f i c f a t a l i t i e s a n d u n t o l d t ra f f i c i nj u r i e s i n 2 015. M o re p e o p l e r i d i ng t ra n s i t m e a n s f e we r ve h i c l e s o n t h e ro a d a n d t h u s f e we r c ra s h e s. Tra n s i t a l s o e n c o u ra ge s m o re a c t i ve l i f e s t y l e s a s p e o p l e w a l k t o a n d f ro m t h e i r l o c a l s t o p s. P R O D U C T I V I T Y A N D Q UA L I T Y O F L I F E . Tra n s i t s t re ng t h e n s s o c i a l b o n d s i n a c o m m u n i t y b y a l l o w i ng n e igh b o rs t o i n t e ra c t a s t h e y m o ve a b o u t t h e c i t y a n d t ra d e s s t re s s f u l t i m e w a s t e d i n t ra f f i c f o r t i m e t h a t c a n b e s p e n t p ro d u c t i ve l y a n d p e a c e f u l l y.


ST R E E T S BL O G U SA V I A CA R F R E E AUST I N “ DE NSI T Y D O E S NO T CAUSE T R A F F IC ” F E BRUA RY 2 015


AUSTIN & T HE SUBUR BS Fe w t h i ngs e v o k e c a r m a gge d o n h y s t e r i a q u i t e l i k e t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a t a l l re s i d e n t i a l b u i l d i ng. A s A u s t i n h a s s e e n m o re g ro w t h , s o m e h a ve s e i ze d o n t h e re l a t i ve l y f e w h igh - d e n s i t y h o u s i ng d e ve l o p m e n t s a s a s o u rc e o f t h e regi o n’s t ra f f i c p ro b l e m . B u t h o u s i ng d e n s i t y i s n o t t h e c a u s e o f t ra f f i c c o nge s t i o n , s a y s C a r r i e G a m m e l l a t C a r Fre e A u s t i n: It s ee m s t h a t l o c a l m e d i a o u tl ets c o n s t a n tly b e m o a n t h e s t a t i s t i c t h a t 110 p eopl e m ove t o A u s t i n o n a n a ve rage d a y. Ta ll b u il d i ngs, s k ys c ra p ers, 10 - t o -5 0 - s t o r y b u il d i ngs f u ll of p eopl e a re p res u m a bly t o bl a m e. M e a nwh il e, t h e ci t y i s s t ill n o t a s d e n s e a s i t wa s i n 195 0, 19 6 0, 19 70, o r 19 8 0. I n f a c t , 2 015 A u s t i n i s o n l y 6 8 % a s d e n s e a s 19 5 0 A u s t i n . 19 5 0 A u s t i n h a d n o t o we rs. A n a e r i a l p h o t og ra p h o f t h e c i t y s h o ws a d o w n t o w n a l m o s t e n t i re l y c o ve re d w i t h t re e s a n d b u i l d i ngs, t h e t a l l e s t o f w h i c h w a s t h e Te x a s S t a t e C a p i t o l. 19 5 0 A u s t i n h a d n o I -35. R e s i d e n t s t ra ve rs e d t h e c i t y i n b u s e s m a n n e d b y A u s t i n Tra n s i t C o r p o ra t i o n , G re y h o u n d L i n e s, a n d C o n t i n e n t a l Tra i l w a y s. O n t h e o t h e r h a n d , 2 010 A u s t i n h a d e igh t e e n t o we rs t a l l e r t h a n t h e Te x a s S t a t e C a p i t o l. I t h a d I -35, L o o p 1, S H -71, a n d U S 18 3. W h i l e i t m a y a p p e a r t h a t o u r p re s e n t - d a y c i t y i s m o re c ro w d e d a n d t h e t ra f f i c l e s s m a n a ge a b l e, t h a t f e e l i ng o f e n c ro a c h m e n t i s m o s t c e r t a i n l y d u e n o t t o a n i n c re a s e i n p e o p l e b u t t o a n i n c re a s e i n c a rs, a n i n c re a s e i n a s p h a l t. O ve r t i m e b l o c k s o f h i s t o r i c h o u s e s we re d e s t ro y e d t o m a k e w a y f o r e x p re s s w a y f e e d e rs. Pa rk s a n d g re e n b e l t s we re d e v a s t a t e d t o m a k e w a y f o r c o m m u t e rs’ ve h i c u l a r s t o ra ge. P re v i o u s ge n e ra t i o n s l i t e ra l l y “p a ve d p a ra d i s e a n d p u t u p a p a rk i ng l o t.”


“ BO G O TÁ BR IC K & T H E T R A DI T ION O F C O L OM BI A N C R A F T ” F E AT U R E D E SSAY, FO RWA R D J O U R NA L 113: C R A F T [A I A NAT IONA L A SS O C I AT E S C OM M I T T E E] 2 013


BOGOTÁ & BR IC K BU IL D I N G S Wo ve n h a n d i c ra f t i s a n h i s t o r i c t ra d i t i o n i n t eg ra l t o a l l s o c i a l c l a s s e s o f C o l o m b i a n s o c i e t y. I t s l eg a c y i s u b i q u i t o u s i n t h e c o u n t r y’s we a ra b l e a n d i n h a b i t a b l e a r t s—i n h a n d b a gs, h a m m o c k s, a n d h a t s. T h e p ra c t i c e o f f a b r i c a t i ng t h e s e c u l t u ra l m a i n s t a y s b y h a n d f ro m re a d i l y a v a i l a b l e ra w m a t e r i a l s s e r ve s t w o p u r p o s e s: f i rs t , i t f o rge s a re p re s e n t a t i ve c o n n e c t i o n b e t we e n t h e c re a t o rs a n d t h e i r l a n d , a n d s e c o n d , i t g ra n t s t h o s e o f t e n d i s p l a c e d a n d d i s e n f ra n c h i s e d p e o p l e s a p a t h t o e c o n o m i c i n d e p e n d e n c e. T h e d i s t i n c t i ve p l a i t i ng a n d we a v i ng h a s d i re c t l y i n f o r m e d l a rge r s c a l e s o f c ra f t , f ro m b r i c k m a k i ng a n d b r i c k l a y i ng t o a rc h i t e c t u ra l d e s ig n . R oge l i o S a l m o n a (19 2 9 -2 0 0 7), a p ro m i n e n t C o l o m b i a n a rc h i t e c t , c re d i t e d m u c h o f h i s a e s t h e t i c t o b o t h t h e p o e t i c t ra d i t i o n s o f P re H i s p a n i c s o c i e t i e s i n C e n t ra l a n d S o u t h A m e r i c a a n d t h e ge o m e t r i c b r i c k w o rk o f I s l a m i c s o c i e t i e s i n S p a i n a n d N o r t h A f r i c a . H i s p o r t f o l i o d e m o n s t ra t e s a s t e a d f a s t a l l egi a n c e t o t h e c ra f t s m a n , t o a b e l i e f t h a t go o d a rc h i t e c t u re i s d e p e n d e n t u p o n a l l s c a l e s o f c o n s t r u c t i o n—f ro m t h e f o r m o f e a c h i n d i v i d u a l b r i c k o r t h re a d , t o t h e o ve ra l l f o r m o f t h e s t r u c t u re o r f i n i s h e d p ro d u c t. L i k e w i s e, h e b e l i e ve d t h a t s o c i e t y i s d e p e n d e n t u p o n a l l c l a s s e s o f b u i l d e rs—f ro m t h e i n d ige n o u s h a n d i c ra f t s m a n a n d t h e b r i c k m a k e r t o t h e a rc h i t e c t; e a c h p l a y s a s ig n i f i c a n t ro l e i n t h e d e ve l o p m e n t o f t h e c o u n t r y’s b u i l t l a n d s c a p e.


ROJA S I R AG O R R I A RQU I T E C T O S BI BL IO T E CA LU I S Á NG E L A R A NG O R E NOVAT ION BO G O TÁ, C U N DI NA M A RCA, C O L OM BI A 2 012


BOGOTÁ & L I BR A R I ES T h e B i b l i o t e c a L u i s Á nge l A ra ngo w a s f o u n d e d i n 19 23 a s a s m a l l l i b ra r y w i t h a f e w b o o k s o n e c o n o m i c s. To d a y i t s c o l l e c t i o n h a s g ro w n t o b e c o m e t h e c o u n t r y’s p re m i e r l i b ra r y a n d h a s c o m e t o b e c o n s i d e re d t h e m o s t i m p o r t a n t p u b l i c l i b ra r y i n L a t i n A m e r i c a . I n 19 55 L u i s Á nge l A ra ngo, ge n e ra l m a n a ge r o f B a n c o d e l a R e p ú b l i c a , i n i t i a t e d a n e f f o r t t o c o n s t r u c t a p u b l i c l i b ra r y; t h e p roj e c t w a s a w a rd e d t o a rc h i t e c t u re f i r m E sg u e r ra S á e n z Urd a n e t a S a m p e r. O n Fe b r u a r y 2 0, 19 5 8 u n d e r t h e d i re c t i o n o f D r. Ja i m e D u a r t e Fre n c h , t h e l i b ra r y w a s i n a u gu ra t e d u n d e r t h e n a m e B i b l i o t e c a L u i s Á nge l A ra ngo. O n t h e f i rs t f l o o r we re m u s i c ro o m s, c h i l d re n’s a re a s, a n d e x h i b i t i o n s h a l l s. I n 19 65 a c o n c e r t h a l l a n d a n e w e x h i b i t i o n h a l l we re c o n s t r u c t e d , a n d C a s a R e p u b l i c a n a w a s re n o v a t e d i n t o t h e M u s e u m o f R e l igi o u s A r t. I n t h e 19 8 0 s C a s a R e p u b l i c a n a w a s i n c o r p o ra t e d i n t o t h e B L A A a n d u s e d a s a t e m p o ra r y e x h i b i t i o n h a l l. I n 19 9 0 t h e a re a o f t h e l i b ra r y w a s i n c re a s e d f ro m 13, 0 0 0 t o 4 4, 0 0 0 s q u a re m e t e rs, w h i l e i t s s e a t i ng c a p a c i t y w a s i n c re a s e d f ro m 6 9 0 t o 2 810 c h a i rs. A t t h i s s t a ge E d i f i c i o Ve ngo e c h e a , a h o u s i ng u n i t d e s ig n e d b y a rc h i t e c t u re f i r m Ve ngo e c h e a R i v a s a n d b u i l t i n 193 9, w a s a n n e x e d a n d t ra n s f o r m e d i n t o B L A A o f f i c e s. I n 2 012 p ro p o s a l s f o r t h e re n o v a t i o n o f t h e e n t i re b l o c k we re c o m m i s s i o n e d . M a i n c o n c e r n s i n c l u d e d p u b l i c c i rc u l a t i o n , o u t d o o r s p a c e s, a n d s t o ra ge f a c i l i t i e s.


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p ro p o s e d C a s a R e p u b l i c a n a c o n n e c t i o n: G i ve c o n t i n u i t y t o t h e s t a i rs a n d e l e v a t o rs f ro m t h e -1 l e ve l t o t h e f o u r t h f l o o r t o c o m p l y w i t h u n i ve rs a l a c c e s s i b i l i t y s t a n d a rd s. Ut i l i ze t h e t e r ra c e a s a n e x t e n s i o n o f i n t e r i o r s p a c e.

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p ro p o s e d S a l a d e C o n c i e r t o s: E n a b l e a c c e s s f ro m t h e we s t e r n c o re.

p ro p o s e d S a l a d e C o n c i e r t o s


e x i s t i ng t e r ra z a: R e c l a i m n a t u ra l l igh t i n t h e re a d i ng ro o m b y e l i m i n a t i ng e x c e s s s t r u c t u re.

p ro p o s e d t e r ra z a: Ut i l i z e t h e t e r ra c e a s a n e x t e n s i o n o f t h e c i t y.


ROJA S I R AG O R R I A RQU I T E C T O S J UA N VA L DE Z CA F É S VA R IOUS L O CAT IONS, C O L OM BI A & USA 2 012 -2 013


BOGOTÁ & C A F ÉS Ju a n Va l d e z i s t h e o n l y i n t e r n a t i o n a l l y re c og n i ze d b ra n d t h a t b e l o ngs t o c o f f e e p ro d u c e rs. I n s p i re d b y t h e i c o n t h a t h a s re p re s e n t e d C a f é d e C o l o m b i a f o r o ve r 5 0 y e a rs, i n 2 0 0 2 t h e C o l o m b i a n C o f f e e G ro we rs Fe d e ra t i o n— a n o n - p ro f i t o rg a n i z a t i o n t h a t re p re s e n t s m o re t h a n 5 0 0, 0 0 0 C o l o m b i a n c o f f e e p ro d u c i ng f a m i l i e s— c re a t e d t h e Ju a n Va l d e z b ra n d f o r c o f f e e s h o p s a n d v a l u e a d d e d b u s i n e s s e s. B e s i d e s b e i ng a s y n o n y m o f h igh q u a l i t y f o r p re m i u m c o f f e e c o n s u m e rs, Ju a n Va l d e z´s c o f f e e s t ra n s f e r a g re a t e r v a l u e t o c o f f e e p ro d u c e rs b a s e d o n q u a l i t y a n d s ig n i f i c a n t ro y a l t i e s f o r e a c h c u p o f c o f f e e o r p ro d u c t t h a t b e a rs i t s s ig n a t u re. To d a t e, 23 2 Ju a n Va l d e z c a f é s a re o p e ra t i ng i n C o l o m b i a a n d 10 8 c a f é s a re o p e ra t i ng a b ro a d . O p e n e d i n D e c e m b e r 2 013, t h e “O r ige n s” c o n c e p t s t o re e x p a n d s o n t h e o r igi n a l Ju a n Va l d e z c a f é b ra n d b y s h o w c a s i ng C o l o m b i a’s regi o n a l c o f f e e s, a s we l l a s d i s t i n c t m i c ro - l o t s f ro m i n d i v i d u a l f a r m e rs o f C a l d a s, H u i l a , A n t i o q u i a , C a u c a , a n d S a n t a n d e r. T h e b e a u t i f u l , t h re e - f l o o r i n t e r i o r o f t h e Z o n a G (o u r m e t) s h o p d ra ws t h e o u t d o o rs i n w i t h a ve r t i c a l , c a s c a d i ng p l a n t w a l l a n d o t h e r o rg a n i c m a t e r i a l s l i k e G u a d u a , a n a t i ve b a m b o o t h a t g ro ws a b u n d a n t l y i n t h e C o f f e e Tr i a ngl e.


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V E N T U R I , S CO T T BROW N & A S S O C I AT E S A L L E N T OW N A RT M USE U M R E NOVAT ION & E X PA NSION A L L E N T OW N, PE N NSY LVA N I A, USA 2 010 -2 011


A LLEN TOW N & A RT M USEU M S T h e A l l e n t o w n A r t M u s e u m i s h o u s e d i n a f o r m e r P re s b y t e r i a n c h u rc h o n a b u s y d o w n t o w n b l o c k , a dj a c e n t t o t h e re c e n t l y c o m p l e t e d A l l e n t o w n A r t s Pa rk . B u i l t i n 19 01, t h e b u i l d i ng w a s s ig n i f i c a n t l y e x p a n d e d i n 193 7 a n d 19 75. T h e m u s e u m n e e d e d e x t e n s i ve re n o v a t i o n a n d n e w s p a c e f o r g a l l e r i e s, v i s i t o r a m e n i t i e s, e d u c a t i o n , a n d c o l l e c t i o n s t o ra ge. O f p a r t i c u l a r i m p o r t a n c e w a s s t re ng t h e n i ng t h e m u s e u m’s c i v i c i d e n t i t y a n d e ng a ge m e n t w i t h t h e c o m m u n i t y. V S BA’s 3 - s t o r y a d d i t i o n , c o n s t r u c t e d o n a n a r ro w s i t e i n f ro n t o f t h e 19 75 w i ng, p re s e n t s a n e w m e t a l a n d gl a s s f a ç a d e t h a t c o n n e c t s a n d c o n t ra s t s w i t h t h e o r igi n a l b u i l d i ng. I t e c h o e s t h e p a l e t t e, c i v i c s c a l e, a n d rh y t h m o f i t s c o l u m n s w h i l e p ro v i d i ng b ro a d v i e ws t o a n d f ro m t h e A r t s Pa rk . Ve r t i c a l a c c e n t s e n l i ve n t h e f a ç a d e, p i c k i ng u p t h e c o l o r o f t h e b r i c k u s e d i n t h e B a u m S c h o o l o f A r t a n d A r t s Pa rk a c ro s s t h e s t re e t. A t n igh t , f e s t i ve L E D s h igh l igh t t h e m e t a l c o l u m n s. T h e a d d i t i o n e n h a n c e s t h e m u s e u m’s c i v i c p re s e n c e w h i l e re t u r n i ng p ro m i n e n c e t o t h e o r igi n a l n e o c l a s s i c a l f a ç a d e. T h e a d d i t i o n’s c a n t e d e n d i n f l e c t s t o w a rd s t h e B a u m S c h o o l o f A r t a n d we l c o m e s v i s i t o rs a p p ro a c h i ng f ro m t h e c o r n e r. I t o ve rl o o k s t h e s i t e o f a f u t u re s c u l p t u re g a rd e n a n d g u i d e s v i s i t o rs a r r i v i ng f ro m t h e p a rk i ng a re a b e h i n d t h e g a rd e n . L a rge c a r ve d l e t t e rs a n n o u n c e t h e i n s t i t u t i o n a n d gi ve i n t e re s t t o t h e g ra n i t e b a s e.


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S RG PA RT N E R S H I P PI K E PL AC E M A R K E T PH A SE I R E NOVAT ION SE AT T L E , WA SH I NGT ON, USA 2 0 0 6 -2 013


SEATTLE & M A R KETS T h i s p roj e c t p re p a re d t h e M a rk e t f o r i t s s e c o n d c e n t u r y a s o n e o f S e a t t l e’s m o s t c h e r i s h e d l a n d m a rk s. S R G w o rk e d w i t h t h e P i k e Pl a c e M a rk e t P re s e r v a t i o n a n d D e ve l o p m e n t A u t h o r i t y t o t ra n s f o r m t h e i n f ra s t r u c t u re o f t h e c a m p u s i n t o h igh l y e f f i c i e n t m o d e r n s y s t e m s w i t h o u t d i s t u rb i ng t h e M a rk e t ’s b u s t l i ng a c t i v i t y. T h e d e s ig n a c c o m p l i s h e s a c o m p re h e n s i ve u pg ra d e t o t h e s t r u c t u ra l , m e c h a n i c a l , a n d e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m s i n a d o ze n b u i l d i ngs. T h e p roj e c t a l s o i n c l u d e d t h e t a rge t e d p l a c e m e n t o f n e w e l e v a t o rs a n d re s t ro o m s a t s e ve ra l l o c a t i o n s t o m a k e a l l o f i t s p u b l i c a re a s A DA - a c c e s s i b l e. Ph a s e I w o rk i n t h e L e l a n d a n d Fa i rl e y B u i l d i ngs, H i l l c l i m b, a n d P u b l i c M a rk e t Pa rk i ng G a ra ge re s u l t e d i n a n i m p ro ve d e n t r y f ro m We s t e r n Ave n u e; a n e w e l e v a t o r s e r v i ng We s t e r n Ave n u e, D o w n Un d e r, a n d t h e M a i n A rc a d e; a n e w e l e c t r i c a l v a u l t a n d s e r v i c e u pg ra d e s; n e w p l u m b i ng l i n e s; a n e x p a n d e d l o a d i ng d o c k; f l o o r i ng re p a i r; a n d a n e w m e c h a n i c a l c e n t ra l p l a n t.


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p ro p o s e d H i l l c l i m b

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T h e p roj e c t a l s o i n c l u d e d m i s c e l l a n e o u s re p a i rs t o v a r i o u s d eg ra d e d a rc h i t e c t u ra l f e a t u re s i n t h e b u i l d i ngs t h ro u gh o u t t h e M a rk e t , i n c l u d i ng r u s t e d a w n i ngs, f a i l i ng ro o f s, a n d t h e l i k e. T h e m o s t s ig n i f i c a n t p ro p o s e d i t e m o f re p a i r w a s t h e re p l a c e m e n t o f t h e w i n d o ws o n t h e we s t f a c a d e o f t h e L e l a n d a n d Fa i rl e y B u i l d i ngs wh i c h f o r m t h e l a rge f a c a d e o f t h e M a rk e t f a c i ng We s t e r n Ave n u e. T h e s e w i n d o ws we re b a d l y d eg ra d e d , a n d t h e i r p o o r t h e r m a l p e r f o r m a n c e m a d e i t i m p o s s i b l e t o m a i n t a i n c o m f o r t a b l e t e m p e ra t u re s i n t h e s p a c e s b e h i n d t h e m . T h e p ro p o s a l re p l a c e d t h e w i n d o ws w i t h n e w h igh - p e r f o r m a n c e w i n d o ws b u i l t t o m a t c h t h e c h a ra c t e r o f t h e h i s t o r i c f a c a d e.

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BE R K E L E Y P R I Z E E S SAY CO M P E T I T IO N I N C O L L A BO R AT ION W I T H SE T H G O ODM A N “ T E M PL E I N T R A NSI T ” SPR I NG 2 011


HOUSTON & HIG HWAYS T h e a s c e n s i o n a n d d e s c e n s i o n o f t h e h igh w a y c u t s a n u n d u l a t i ng l a n d s c a p e a c ro s s H o u s t o n’s p e r v a s i ve f l a t n e s s. I n a c i t y w i t h o u t z o n i ng, t h e s e f a m i l i a r r i b b o n s o f c o n c re t e i m p o s e u n o f f i c i a l b o u n d a r i e s b e t we e n s p ra wl i ng c o m m u n i t i e s. Ju s t n o r t h o f d o w n t o w n i s a p e n i n s u l a r n e igh b o rh o o d s u r ro u n d e d b y i n f ra s t r u c t u ra l b a r r i e rs. O n e m e a n d e rs t h ro u gh i t s v i s i b l y a ge d h o u s e s t o e m e rge a t o n e o f t h e c i t y’s f re e w a y i n t e rs e c t i o n s s o a r i ng a b o ve a f o rl o r n f i e l d , l o o m i ng l i k e G o y a’s C o l o s s u s. I t s t a u t s i n e ws, s i l h o u e t t e d a g a i n s t t h e s k y, a re p e rc h e d u p o n s t i l t s w h i c h f ro m a d i s t a n c e s e e m t o t e t h e r t h e m t o t h e g ro u n d . A p p ro a c h i ng t h e p i l l a rs w h i c h p o p u l a t e t h e s p a c e, o n e f e e l s a s i f s h e h a s e n c o u n t e re d a r u i n e d t e m p l e l o ng s i n c e f a d e d f ro m m e m o r y. O ve rh e a d t h e gi rd e rs n o l o nge r d e f y t h e i r we igh t , b e a r i ng d o w n a s m a s s i ve l i n t e l s. T h e d r y, e a r t h y o d o r o f s t ra w w a f t s t h ro u gh t h e s l o w a i r a s d o e s s m o k e f ro m a c e n s e r. T h i s i m a gi n e d h i s t o r y i s b e t ra y e d b y t h e rh y t h m o f c a rs ra c i ng o ve rh e a d . . . k u - c o o n k k u - c o o n k . . . k a c o o n k k a - c o o n k . . . k a - c o o n k k a - c o o n k . . . H e re a t t h e c o n ve rge n c e o f t w o o f t h e c i t y’s g re a t a r t e r i e s, o n e c a n l i s t e n t o i t s p u l s e. I t i s a p r i v i l ege d e n c o u n t e r, a f u r t i ve i n t r u s i o n i n t o t h e s p a c e o f a n o b l i v i o u s h o s t. H e re a re t h e f o u n d a t i o n s o f t h e B ro a d a c re f a n t a s y a s i t w a s re a l i ze d , f re e a n d o p e n , l e f t o ve r s p a c e s o f a s o c i e t y e ve r f o c u s e d a h e a d . T h e c u r ve o f t h e h igh w a y s e c t i o n a l l y d i v i d e s a w o rl d n o r m a l l y c l o u d e d w i t h s t r i f e a n d n o i s e f ro m a n o t h e r c l a r i f i e d b y s e re n i t y a n d d i s t a n c e. T h e w o rl d s e x i s t i n p a ra l l e l , a l l o w i ng t re s p a s s e rs o f t h e l a t t e r t o s e n s e b u t n e ve r i n t e ra c t w i t h t h e f o r m e r. T h e c o n s t a n t h u m o f m o t o r ve h i c l e s o ve rh e a d o n l y s u gge s t s t h e i r m o ve m e n t; t h e i r m a s s e s a n d s h a d o ws re m a i n e n t i re l y h i d d e n a b o ve t h e i n f ra s t r u c t u re. I n t u r n , t h e s e n s e d a c t i o n o f t ra n s i t s u gge s t s t h e p re s e n c e o f a p o p u l a t i o n re p e a t i ng i t s d a i l y g r i n d . T h e re s i d u a l s p a c e i s e e r i l y s t a t i c, s a ve f o r t h e e ve r s o s l igh t s w a y i ng o f t h e s t ra w a n d t h e s u b t l e c h a nge s i n t h e s e a s o n s. B y v i r t u e o f i t s f o rgo t t e n n e s s, i t i s a s a c re d re f u ge f ro m t h e s u r ro u n d i ng b u z z, h i d d e n i n p l a i n s igh t. A s t h e c i t y e n c ro a c h e s, t h e f i e l d , w h o s e c h a ra c t e r d e p e n d s o n i t s l a c k o f habitation, becomes less def ined. O u r e s s a y a rg u e s t h a t n o t a l l s a c re d s p a c e s n e e d b e p e r m a n e n t a n d t h a t i n d e e d t h e h igh e s t d e s t i n y o f t h i s c a t h e d ra l o f t h e c a r i s i t s e ve n t u a l a b rog a t i o n . S a c re d s p a c e s s u p p o r t a n i d e o l og y— h e re o f m u t u a l i s o l a t i o n , c o m p u l s i ve s p e e d , p a s s i ng o ve r, a n d l e a v i ng b e h i n d . A l t h o u gh i t s re s i d u e c a n b e a t t i m e s s t ra nge l y b e a u t i f u l , we c a n n o t u l t i m a t e l y s u p p o r t i t s a ge n d a . W h i l e p ro p o s i ng a n a l t e r n a t e t raj e c t o r y f o r t h e c i t y o f H o u s t o n i s b e y o n d t h e s c o p e o f t h i s e s s a y, we a rg u e f o r a r igo ro u s d o c u m e n t a t i o n o f t h i s s p a c e t h ro u gh t i m e i n a n t i c i p a t i o n o f i t s e ve n t u a l d e m i s e.


M A R K WA M BL E ST U D IO G ROU N DWO R K F O R A VOI D T Y PE: T H E X-BOX R IC E U N I V E R SI T Y 2 010


HOUSTON & VOIDS T h e o bj e c t i ve o f t h i s p roj e c t S t re e t c o r r i d o r f ro m M o n t ro s e d e ve l o p i ng a v o i d t y p e t o s t u d y o n e c o m p re h e n s i ve i n s t a n c e o f

i s t o a d d re s s t h e i n e v i t a b l e d e n s i t y i n c re a s e a l o ng t h e B i s s o n n e t B o u l e v a rd a t t h e e x t re m e e a s t t o K i rb y D r i ve a t t h e e x t re m e we s t , b y m e d i u m - s c a l e, m i x e d - u s e m o d e l s f o r h o u s i ng, a n d u l t i m a t e l y t o d e t a i l i t s u s e o n a s p e c i f i c s i t e.

A p p ro a c h i ng t h e v o i d t y p e t h ro u gh a s t ra t eg y o f s u rgi c a l e l i m i n a t i o n s a n d k n i f e e d ge s p ro d u c e s a v i s u a l l y p l a y f u l , u n d e c i d a b l e e f f e c t. E x p e c t a t i o n s o f a t h ro u gh , n o r m a t i ve v o i d a re t h w a r t e d b y t h e v o i d o p e n i ng s l i d i ng u p w a rd a n d i n w a rd t o t h e c e n t e r o f t h e m a s s. T h e s e p a i re d c h e v ro n - s h a p e d a b s e n c e s m a k e i t p o s s i b l e t o i n c re a s e d e n s i t y o n B i s s o n n e t w h i l e m i t ig a t i ng t h e s c a l e o f t h e t o we r. T h rough a series of sliding, copying, m ir roring, a n d st retch ing opera t ion s, the void wea ves th rough the tower o f t h e b u i l d i ng. W h e re t h e v o i d i n t e rs e c t s t h e g ro u n d p l a n e, i t b e c o m e s a n o bj e c t m a n i f e s t e d i n a p a v i l i o n . I n t h e c e n t e r i n t e r i o r o f t h e b u i l d i ng, t w o c h e v ro n - s h a p e d v o i d s t w i s t a ro u n d o n e a n o t h e r l i k e t igh t l y p u l l e d ro p e s. O n t h e e x t e r i o r t h e v o i d s i n t e rs e c t t h e f a c a d e a t k n i f e e d ge s, a d d i ng a s e c o n d l a y e r o f visual tension.


CA R L O S J I M É N E Z ST U D IO I N T E R PR E T I V E M USIC C E N T E R HOUST ON R IC E U N I V E R SI T Y FA L L 2 0 0 8


HOUSTON & IN F IL L T h e I n t e r p re t i ve M u s i c C e n t e r H o u s t o n e x i s t s f o r t h e s t u d y, p e r f o r m a n c e, a n d p ro m o t i o n o f t h e w o rk s o f c o n t e m p o ra r y m u s i c a l a r t i s t s, w o rk s t h a t re m a i n re l e v a n t , i n f l u e n t i a l , a n d s ig n i f i c a n t a c ro s s ge n e ra t i o n s o f i n t e r p re t e rs a n d l i s t e n e rs. O n t h e s o u t h e a s t b l o c k o f M a i n a n d W i n b e r n , t o t h e e a s t o f t h e l igh t ra i l a n d a b o o m i ng c u l i n a r y d i s t r i c t , i s a n u n d e ve l o p e d L - s h a p e d l o t. To f i l l t h i s l o t w i t h a n i n t e ra c t i ve, i n t e r p re t i ve m u s i c c e n t e r w o u l d e n c o u ra ge H o u s t o n i a n s t o g a t h e r a n d s h a re t h e i r l o ve o f t h e a u d i t o r y a n d p e r f o r m i ng a r t s. Ce n t ra l t o m u s i c i s t h e a c t o f p e r f o r m i ng, e ve r y w h e re f ro m s t re e t t o c o n c e r t h a l l. W h e re a s t h e c o n c e r t h a l l l i m i t s a c c e s s i b i l i t y t o f e w, t h e s t re e t i s o p e n t o a l l. T h i s p ro p o s a l f o r t h e I n t e r p re t i ve M u s i c Ce n t e r: H o u s t o n (I M C H ) e n c o u ra ge s m a x i m u m a c c e s s i b i l i t y a n d i n t e ra c t i o n , f ro m t h e f o u r m o d e s o f c i rc u l a t i o n— e l e v a t o rs, s t a i rs, s t e p - ra m p s, a n d ra m p s­— t o t h e o p e n s p a c e s b e t we e n p a t h s. W h i l e t h e m o d e o f c i rc u l a t i o n re m a i n s t h e v i s i t o r’s c h o i c e, a l l m o d e s e ve n t u a l l y g u i d e t h e v i s i t o r t o t h e t o p f l o o r, t o t h e c e n t ra l p e r f o r m a n c e s p a c e a n d t o t h e ge n e ro u s v i e ws o f t h e c i t y.


C H R I ST O P H E R H IGH T & M IC H A E L RO BI N S O N ST U D IO I N C O L L A BO R AT ION W I T H E T H A N F E U E R SL A BSPAC E: E N T ROPI SM R IC E U N I V E R SI T Y FA L L 2 0 0 7


HOUSTON & SL A BS T h e o bj e c t i ve o f t h i s p roj e c t i s t o re - s t ra t egi ze t h e s l a b a s a s p a t i a l i n t e r f a c e b e t we e n a rc h i t e c t u re, i n f ra s t r u c t u re, a n d u rb a n i s m . Ut i l i z i ng c o n t e m p o ra r y c o n c e p t s o f m o r p h oge n e s i s, p h y s i c a l c o m p u t a t i o n , a n d d igi t a l m o d e l i ng, t h e p roj e c t t ra n s f o r m s t h e “s l a b” i n t o a n a f f e c t i ve s u r f a c e f o r a m e d i u m - h igh re s i d e n t i a l re s o r t c o m m u n i t y o n t h e e d ge o f u rb a n H o u s t o n . Th e s i t e c o n s i s t s o f t w o p ri m a ry m a n m a d e g ra d i en t s: t h e st a n d a rd m o d u l e g ra d i en t a n d the m ini m odule g r a d i e n t . Th e s t a n d a rd g ra d i en t i s d en sest a t t h e f a r so u t h si d e o f t h e si t e, w h i l e t he m ini gr adient i s d e n s e s t a t t h e n o rt h si d e. T h ree st a n d a rd m o d u l es—t w o w a l l - co n n ect i n g m o d u l es plus one hallc o n n e c t i n g mo d u l e — s h a re a ret en t i o n p o n d w h i ch f o l l o w s t h e g eo m et ri c l o g i c o f t h ei r aggregation. As t h e t h re e - mo d u l e a g g reg a t i o n s b eg i n t o b rea k a p a rt i n t h e m i d d l e l a t i t u d es o f t h e site, the retention p o n d s g r a d u a l l y b e c om e sm a l l er a n d even t u a l l y d i sa p p ea r. O n t h e n o rt h si d e o f t h e si te, m ini m odules a t t a c h t o t h e c o n c re t e f a ca d es o f st a n d a rd m o d u l es, t h u s crea t i n g a seco n d m a n made gr adient in re s p o n s e t o t h e s t a n d a rd g ra d i en t o n t h e o p p o si t e en d o f t h e si t e. T h e m i n i g ra d i en t essentially becom es a c o n t i n u a t i o n o f t h e f o rest s o n t h e f a r n o rt h si d e o f t h e si t e. W h en a g g reg a t ed , t h e m ini m odules for m s e c t i o n a l c a n o p i e s wh i ch m i m i c t h e w ea vi n g o f o verh ea d t ree b ra n ch es.


co n d i t i o n ed pr ivate s pace

n o n - co n d i t i oned pr ivate s pace

co n d i t i o n ed collective s pace

non-conditioned collective space

co n d i t i o n ed ci rcu l a t i o n n o n - co n d i t i oned ci rcu l a t i o n co n d i t i o n ed public s pace

n o n - co n d i t i oned public s pace

Vo l u m es t yp i ca l ly confined by m a ss a re t ra n sfor m ed into a n et w o rked rel a t ions hip of coded su rf a ces. E a ch s ur face der ives i t s m ea n i n g f ro m its m ater ials a n d i t s n ei g h b o r ’s m ater ials .


Enclosure serves as a link between the materials of surfaces and the sense of privilege they engender. Further, enclosure differentiates between the natural and artificial boundaries of space.


D OUGL A S O L I V E R & JA M E S R AY ST U D IO HOUST ON AQUA R I U M R IC E U N I V E R SI T Y FA L L 2 0 0 6


HOUSTON & BI L L BOA R DS T h e H o u s t o n A q u a r i u m e x i s t s f o r t h e p re s e r v a t i o n o f t h e e x t ra o rd i n a r y d i ve rs i t y o f s e a l i f e i n t h e G u l f o f M e x i c o. T h e H o u s t o n Z o o l ogi c a l S o c i e t y i s d e v o t e d t o ra i s i ng a w a re n e s s o f t h e m a n y e c o l ogi c a l c h a l l e nge s c o n f ro n t i ng t h e Te x a s G u l f C o a s t. T h e zo ol ogi c a l c oll ect i o n h igh ligh ts t h e b ro a d s p ect r u m of wil d life f o r m s t h a t i n h a b i t a n d c o n s t it u te t h e m a n y ec os ys t e m s of t h e G u lf, i n clu d i ng f i s h , a m p h i b i a n s, rep t il es, m a m m a l s, a n d b i rd s. T h e b u il d i ng is a pl a ce of s e r i o u s l e a r n i ng a s well a s a h igh ly a n i m a t e d a n d i n t era ct ive e xh i b i t /d i s pl a y e nvi ro n m e n t. T h e o r i e n t a t i o n o f t h e d e s ig n s t e m s f ro m a c o m b i n a t i o n o f H o u s t o n’s B a y o u - m o d i f i e d g r i d s y s t e m a n d t h e c i t y’s d e p e n d e n c e o n t h e h igh w a y. T h e n o r t h e r n m o s t c o r n e r o f t h e b u i l d i ng re a c h e s t o I n t e rs t a t e 45, wh i l e t h e n o r t h e a s t e r n f a c a d e s t a n d s o p p o s i t e I n t e rs t a t e 10. T h e b o l d n e s s o f t h e t o p g r i d l a y e r s e r ve s a s a n o d t o R o b e r t Ve n t u r i’s s t u d i e s o f t h e L a s Veg a s c o m m e rc i a l s t r i p, w h i l e t h e d e t a i l s o f t h e b o t t o m g r i d l a y e r a c k n o wl e d ge H o u s t o n’s re c e n t i n i t i a t i ve t o a d a p t t o a m o re e n v i ro n m e n t a l l y f r i e n d l y p e d e s t r i a n l i f e s t y l e. W i t h t h e i n s t a l l m e n t o f t h e l igh t ra i l , t h e c i t y h o p e s t o re i n v igo ra t e i t s e l f w i t h t h e s e n s e o f c o m m u n i t y p re s e n t i n i t s e a rl y y e a rs o f f o u n d a t i o n .

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