Page 1

Chris Smith and Mike Jenks Fal Energy Partnership AGM

Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning? 24th April 2014

1


• What has changed? • Much of planning regulation, guidance and evidence-based policy swept aside • National Planning Policy Framework • ‘Neighbourhood plan’ and ‘localism’ • Presumption in favour of sustainable development • ‘At the heart of the planning system is a presumption in favour of sustainable development, which should be seen as a golden thread running through both plan making and decision taking’

?!!

Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Planning - disaster or opportunity?

2


• What does the NPPF think Sustainable Development means? • Planning for prosperity (an economic role) • Planning for people (a social role) • Planning for places (an environmental role) • But the sub-text is for economic growth • And Cornwall Council in its Local Plan? • ‘Achieve a leading position in sustainable living’ • ‘Ultimately this is a balance of decisions around economic, social and environmental issues to meet our present day needs while not compromising the needs of future generations’ • Back to 1987!

• OK, but out of date • What does sustainable development really mean • Where has it been successfully achieved? • And can Neighbourhood Planning achieve it in Falmouth & Penryn

Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Sustainable development?

3


4

Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?


Spatially sustainable

• • • •

Urban containment Efficient use of urban land Preserves agricultural land Intense urban & Peri-urban farming (food security)

Environmentally sound

• Compact form, less travel, less greenhouse gas emissions (clean air, reduced CO2 emissions) • Higher densities enable local power generation (energy efficient) • Encourages carbon neutral design

Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Sustainable Urbanism (Compact City)

5


Efficient for transport

Socially beneficial

• Proximity - home, work, leisure • Viable public transport (more equitable and energy efficient travel) • Encourages walking & cycling (healthier lifestyle)

• Better, more equitable access (use of services/facilities) • Cultural and social networks (mixed use, belonging, sense of place) • Promotes community, and safety and security

Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Sustainable Urbanism (Compact City)

6


Economically viable

• Supports local facilities and services (inclusive, vitality) • Supports local businesses • Lower infrastructure costs per capita (equitable)

Inclusive governance

• Encourages participation and involvement (local inclusion) • Resilience • Empowerment • Community activity

Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Sustainable Urbanism (Compact City)

7


• Sustainability claims • • • • • •

Spatially sustainable Environmentally sound Efficient for transport Socially beneficial Economically viable Good governance

• Characteristics • • • • • • • •

Mixed use High density Interconnected streets Socio-economic diversity Variety of transport choices Walkable neighbourhoods Renewables and recycling Low/zero energy design

Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Sustainable urbanism

8


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Sustainable Urbanism - integration

9


27 Countries surveyed 5 detailed case studies Melbourne, Australia Portland, USA Vancouver, Canada Paris, France Toyama, Japan

De-regulation, evidencebased guidance (praised by OECD) abandoned Market driven Presumption in favour of development

Community Plans Neighbourhood Plans ‘Bottom up’, community ‘control’ Can say where growth can happen and what it looks like Needs referendum with 50% vote

Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

UK - Two steps back, half a step forward?

10


Vastra Hamnen, Malmo, Sweden

Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

European examples

11 Vauban, Freiberg, Germany


Solar City, Linz, Austria

Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

European examples

12 Homeruskwartier, Almere, Netherlands


Greenwich Millennium Village, London

Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

UK examples

13 BedZED, Sutton, London, UK


Dongtan, Shanghai, China

Masdar, Abu Dhabi, UAE Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

World’s first?

14


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Freiburg

15


• Vauban - brownfield site for 2,000 homes would lead to a population of 5,000 people and support 600 jobs. • The aim was to create a development ‘in a co-operative, participatory way’ which would meet ecological, social, economic and cultural requirements. The idea was to produce a district that created homes and a community, not just houses in a suburb. • Participation was at the core • All buildings low-energy or passive energy • Relatively high density (90 dwellings /hectare), mixed use and ‘co-housing’ (mixed social & private housing) • Environmentally - one of Europe’s largest solar settlements, it has a local power generation plant using wood chips and natural gas, rainwater collection and recycling, and a vacuum sanitation system to an anaerobic system providing natural gas for the power plant.

Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Why Vauban?

16


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Freiburg, Vauban

17


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Freiburg, Vauban

18


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Freiburg & Vauban

19


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Vauban

20


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Vauban

21


• Freiburg appears to deliver a lot of what SD should do • It is planned comprehensively and in an integrated way • It delivers ‘passivhaus’ design, solar energy, and has a local CHP ‘cogeneration’ power station • It is connected with integrated public transport • The mixed use is effective, and social and private housing sits side by side and is indistinguishable • The suburb is urbanised, density of 90 dwellings/hectare • Planning is strong and supported by good regulation and governance in the public interest • Vauban was owned by the city but in Freiburg land prices are controlled to an extent, and 66% of ‘profit’ reinvested in social facilities and infrastructure • So…..can a Neighbourhood Plan lever some of the good things of Freiburg for Falmouth and Penryn’s benefit – how far can we inspire the process, draw on the Community Plan and exercise local control? • …..over to you Chris!

Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Lessons from Vauban?

22


in Falmouth and Penryn

• The bedrock research and knowledge exists • The basics are already encapsulated within adopted and guidance policy documents • The political will is there • There is much public support • We just need to force the pace!

Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Energy and life style sustainability

23


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

‘Doorstops’?!

24


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Community plan – sustainable development

25


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Food – neglect and waste?

26


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Ground source energy

27


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Heating Iceland!

28


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Solar, wind and tide

29


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Munster‌.from worst to best?

30


Anyone could do better? Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Dolls house architecture?

31


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Changing perceptions – local food

32


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Changing perceptions – our local energy

33


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Changing perceptions – getting about

34


Good practice from Cornwall Council’s Design Guide Prince Charles House, St Austell; Passmore Edwards Court, Liskeard; Penryn warehouse refurbishment,; Jubilee Wharf, Penryn; Passivhaus, Ford Close, near Liskeard; Truro waterfront

Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Changing perceptions – ‘modern’ housing

35


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Changing perceptions – brownfield infill

36


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Neighbourhood Planning – local control

37


Achieving Sustainable Development through Neighbourhood Planning?

Will a Neighbourhood Plan make it‌.?

38

Profile for Caroline Robinson

Fep AGM Talk April 2014  

Achieving #Sustainable #Development through #Neighbourhood #Planning? Mike Jenks and Chris Smith Fal Energy Partnership AGM, 24th April 201...

Fep AGM Talk April 2014  

Achieving #Sustainable #Development through #Neighbourhood #Planning? Mike Jenks and Chris Smith Fal Energy Partnership AGM, 24th April 201...

Advertisement

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded