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LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

PORTFOLIO CAROLINE REID DONALDSON


CONTENTS BACKGROUND

COURSE WORK

Camp Hope South Forest Knoll Maspiro Triangle District C.U.R.I. Roof Garden Bowman Town Green Pendleton Eco-Educational Park Sterling Community Master Plan Design Implementation Examples

INTERNSHIP WORK

Sweet Street Bakery Greenville Zoo Anteater Exhibit

Grading Plan, AutoCAD


BACKGROUND Caroline Reid Donaldson is a Masters of Landscape Architecture student at Clemson University. She is an avid outdoors person and an artist, and is passionate about Landscape Architecture as the interseciton of Nature and Design. She enjoys the challeneges that the profession brings, like being creative within constraints and integrating beauty and functionality.

Masters of Landscape Architecture, Clemson University

2014-Present, GPA: 4.0

B.A. in Fine Art, Samford University,

2014, GPA: 4.0, Summa Cum Laude, Valedictorian

B.A. in English, Samford University

2014, GPA: 4.0, Summa Cum Laude, Valedictorian

Involvement: Clemson University ASLA, 2014-Present Clemson University Graduate Assistant, 2014-Present CU DoLA Inspiration Award 2014-2015 Sigma Lambda Alpha Member 2016 SCASLA Award 2016

Professional Experience: Greenville Parks and Recreation, Intern, August 2014-May 2015 Graham Kimak Landscape Designs, Drafting Assistant, March 2015-Present

Yellow Finch, Acrylic on Recycled Metal


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CAMP HOPE MASTERPLAN

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Canton, North Carolina Interdisciplenary Studio Service Learning Project

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Camp Hope is a historic camp owned by the city of Canton, NC. Clemson’s interdisciplenary design studio partnered with the city to create a new master plan for the camp that would increase revenue, functionality and community involvoment, while capitalizing on the natural beauty of the appalachian mountain setting.

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CAMP HOPE MASTER PLAN

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ENTRY BRIDGE

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NEW SIGN

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EVENT PARKING

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HILLSIDE OVERLOOK

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NATURE LOOP TRAIL

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LODGE & PAVILLION

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FAMILY CABINS

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RIVER OVERLOOK

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PICNIC SHELTER

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CENTRAL FIELD

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BATH HOUSES

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GROUP CABINS

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PARKING AREA

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CAMP OFFICE AND STORE

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CARETAKER’S HOUSE

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NEW CAMPGROUND ROAD

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LARGE GROUP CAMP SITES

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SMALL GROUP CAMPSITES

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GROUP FIRE PIT

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RETREAT CABIN

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BACK BARN

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BIOSWALE & BOARDWALK

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BACK FIELD

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Architecure and Landscape Architecture students worked in teams to develop a series of design proposals for the camp.

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Camp Hope Logo + Branding A new logo was developed to help reflect the identity of Camp Hope to the surrounding community.


Camp Hope Signage Package A signage and Wayfinding package developed to create a cohesive identity on site and deal with circulation issues.


“GRID LAYOUT” LARGE GROUP SITE SECTION VIEWS

“CRIB BARN” LARGE GROUP SITE SECTION VIEWS

“CRIB BARN” TENT PAD PLAN VIEW

“GIRD LAYOUT” TENT PAD PLAN VIEW

Camp Hope Campground Design A campground was proposed as a key revenue source for Camp Hope. The shelter designs and construction reflect vernacular architectural forms and construction methods.


Camp Hope Campground Section


SOUTH FOREST KNOLL RECREATION AREA

SOUTH FOREST KNOLL: MASTER PLAN A

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Clemson, South Carolina Design Implementation III

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The South Forest Knoll is part of Clemson University’s Experimental Forest. This design engages the existing grassy knoll as a lookout to view the campus, as well as the lake.

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CAMP ROAD

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KEY

Lookout Tower

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LOOKOUT TOWER

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ADA ACCESSIBLE TRAIL

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GATHERING PATIO

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RESTROOM

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HIKING TRAIL

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DIRECT PATH TO TOWER

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ENTRY KIOSK

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PARKING AREA

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TRASH CAN

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COVERED DECK

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ENTRY SIGN

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HANDICAP PARKING

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PICNIC AREA

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BUS STOP

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BRIDGE

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PLAY MOUNDS

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FORESTED AREA

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MEADOW AREA

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MOWN PATH

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TRAIL TO SEED ORCHARD TRAILHEAD

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RAIN GARDEN

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LOOKOUT MASTERPLAN

PARKING MASTER PLAN 1

PARKING

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BUS LOOP

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PATH TO TOWER

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PATH TO SEE ORCHARD TRAIL

MEADOW LOOKOUT TOWER

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PATIO

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PICNIC AREA

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PATH TO PARKING

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MASPIRO TRIANGLE DISTRICT

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MASTER PLAN 2

Cairo, Egypt Urban Design Project

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MINISTRY OF 3 As a central district FOREIGN AFFAIRS within Cairo, the 13 4 RIVERFRONT PROMENADE revitalization of Maspiro would encourage the RIVERFRONT PARK 5 5 growth of a high density MASPIRO TELEVISION 6 financial, governmental, BUILDING commercial, and 6 4 16 7 RIVERFRONT MALL entertainment node. 9 8 COMMUNITY Maspiro’s geographical 8 6 14 PARK location allows the Nile to 9 LOWER DENSITY be engaged and enjoyed RESIDENTIAL NILE RIVER as a valuable resource, 10 RESIDENTIAL TOWERS with an additional park/river-walk. The 11 RAMSES HILTON HOTEL 7 revitalization of Maspiro As a central district within Cairo, the revitalization of Maspiro would encourage the growth of a high density financial, governmental, commercial, and entertainment node. 12 EDUCATIONAL SECTOR 15 Maspiro’s geographical location allows the Nile to be engaged and enjoyed as a valuable resource, with an additional park/river-walk. The revitalization of Maspiro will atwill attract tourists and tract tourists and locals alike, representing itself as a community hub with an improved transportation network with elegant green spaces and urban plazas. Maspiro’s new design will establish connections that expand all through Cairo. locals alike, representing 13 WORKSHOP DISTRICT itself as a community 14 MASPIRO VILLAGE hub with an improved 10 15 MODERATE DENSITY transportation network RESIDENTIAL with elegant green 16 ITALIAN spaces and urban plazas. CONSULATE 11 Maspiro’s new design will establish connections that As a central district Cairo, the revitalization expand all within through Cairo. of Maspiro would encourage the growth of a high density financial, governmental, commercial, and entertainment node. Maspiro’s geographical location allows the Nile to be engaged and enjoyed as a valuable resource, with an additional park/river-walk. The revitalization of Maspiro will at-

URBAN DESIGN PROJECT 6T

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MASPIRO TRIANGLE DISTRICT CONCEPTUAL DIAGRAM

MASPIRO TRIANGLE DISTRICT URBAN DESIGN PROJECT

FIGURE GROUND DIAGRAM

GREENSPACE DIAGRAM

PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION DIAGRAM

IMPORTANT VIEWS DIAGRAM

NILE RIVER

TRANSPORTATION HUB PUBLIC

PUBLIC/PRIVATE MEDIA

MIXED USE - HIGH INTENSITY COMMERICIAL MIXED USE - MODERATE INTENSITY COMMERICAL MIXED USE - HIGH DENSITY RESIDENTIAL

MIXED USE - MEDIUM DENSITY RESIDENTIAL

tract tourists and locals alike, representing itself as a community hub with an improved transportation network with elegant green spaces and urban plazas. Maspiro’s new design will establish connections that expand all through Cairo. PARK SPACE

CAROLINE DONALDSON & PAUL MEDLING I URBAN DESIGN STUDIO I DR. HEWITT

CONCEPTUAL DIAGRAM

FIGURE GROUND DIAGRAM

VEHICLUAR CIRCULATION DIAGRAM GREENSPACE DIAGRAM

PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION DIAGRAM

IMPORTANT VIEWS DIAGRAM

NILE RIVER

TRANSPORTATION HUB PUBLIC PUBLIC/PRIVATE MEDIA MIXED USE - HIGH INTENSITY COMMERICIAL MIXED USE - MODERATE INTENSITY COMMERICAL MIXED USE - HIGH DENSITY RESIDENTIAL MIXED USE - MEDIUM DENSITY RESIDENTIAL PARK SPACE

CAROLINE DONALDSON & PAUL MEDLING I URBAN DESIGN STUDIO I DR. HEWITT

VEHICLUAR CIRCULATION DIAGRAM


PUBLIC SECTOR ROADS PUBLIC SECTOR ROADS & NILE CORNICHE ENHANCEMENT & NILE CORNICHE ENHANCEMENT 11 11 10

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GOVERNMENT SUPPORT BUILDING CLUSTER

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MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

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RIVERFRONT PROMENADE

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RIVERFRONT PARK

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MASPIRO TELEVISION BUILDING

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RIVERFRONT MALL

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COMMUNITY PARK

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LOWER DENSITY RESIDENTIAL

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RESIDENTIAL TOWERS

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RAMSES HILTON HOTEL

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EDUCATIONAL SECTOR

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WORKSHOP SCALE:DISTRICT 1” = 20’- 0”

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FOUR-LANE ROAD WITH 10 STREET PLANTINGS

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GREEN ROOF PARKING GARAGE

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12’ SIDEWALK PUBLIC PLAZA FOR MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS 15 PUBLIC PLAZA FOR MINISTRY OF COMMERICAL PLAZA FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS GOVERNMENT WORKERS COMMERICAL PLAZA FOR GOVERNMENT WORKERS FOUR-LANE ROAD WITH STREET PLANTINGS

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PEDESTRIAN CROSSING 6 LANE ROAD WITH BIKE LANES AND STREET PLANTINGS 6 LANE ROAD WITH BIKE LANES AND STREET PLANTINGS

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CANTILEVERED POCKET PARK PEDESTRIAN CROSSING

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MASTER PLAN

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GREEN ROOF PARKING GARAGE INTERIOR PRIVATE COURTYARD

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INTERIOR PRIVATE COURTYARD PEDESTRAIN “STREETS” BETWEEN BUILDINGS PEDESTRAIN “STREETS” BETWEEN SMALL PLAZA WITH SEATING BUILDINGS

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SMALL PLAZA WITH SEATING

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C.U.R.I. ROOF GARDEN

The Juxtaposition of Organic and Geometric Elements in Charleston, SC

Charleston, South Carolina Design Studio Exercise The goal of this project was to design a roof garden for the Clemson University Research Institute in Charleston, SC located on the Intercoatal Waterway. Design inspiration was drawn from the built and natural environment of the historic city and the final design concept reflects the natural forms of the estuaries and live oaks of the area, as well as the historic paving patterns of historic city.

Variations in Walking Surfaces in Charleston, SC Original Photo

Representative Drawing

Interpretive Drawing

This photo expemplifies an interesting condition found throughout Charleston, SC, Where distinctly organic and geometric forms are juxtaposed. The chaotic appearance of the tree limbs and the ordered structure of the pavillion contrast one another in a way thst creates an intriguing visual tension.

Potential implementation

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w the void ections of eate visug the void path can th natueral eople slow their s This first drawing is a slightly simplified representational drawing of the photograph.

uption ws how of a patisual inruption s in the d make e more g

This second drawing further simplifies the image to is basic geometric components and reveals more clearly the contreast between the shapes present

ption ws how of a path l interest he interght path of anton make a uiging.

Inspiration Sketches, Marker

This final drawing is an example of how a rich organic-geometric relationship could be incorporated into the roof garden. By mimicing the traditional architectural shapes found in Charleston, and incorporating the organic shapes found in the trees, the visual interest of the above photograph can be inyroduced into the roof gardern design.


C.U.R.I. Roof Garden Master Plan LIghtweight plant material to enhance Ecological Benefits of Green Roof

“Wetland” Meadow

“Tree Branch” Shade Structures and Picnic Area Main Circulation Path

Exploratory Boardwalk

Secluded Seating Area

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Zone 2: low grasses & perrenials

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Zone 3: Zone 4: meadow tall ornamental grasses grasses

Pen Drawing with Photoshop

C.U.R.I. Roof Garden Master Plan The masterplan for the roof garden mimcs the esturaies of the lowcountry coast by arranging different heights of sedums and grasses in organic forms. The waving seas of grass, boarwalk like paths, and views of trhe water beyond create a user experience that reflects the ecology and culture of Charleston.


C.U.R.I. Roof Garden Plants

Succulents 4 - 8” Delosperma cooperi

Orostachys boehmeri

Jovibarba Mixed

Sedum album

Sedum ellacombianum

Dianthus arenarius

Sedum kamtschaticum

Bouteloua gracilis

Carex flacca

Allium cernuum senescens ssp. montanum var. glaucum

Sedum hybridum ‘Immergrünchen’

Zone 2: Low Ornamental Grasses 8 - 18”

e 1: ms and ulents 8” Delosperma cooperi

e 2: ow mental sses 18” Dianthus arenarius

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Jovibarba Mixed

Orostachys boehmeri

Sedum ellacombianum

Orostachys boehmeri

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Jovibarba Mixed Bouteloua gracilis

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Sedum album

Zone 3: Tall Grasses 18”- 48”

Carex flacca

Allium cernuum senescens ssp. montanum var. glaucum

15% Sedum ellacombianum

Petrorhagia saxifraga

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Sedum hybridum

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Delosperma cooperi

Sesleria caerulea

Sedum hybridum ‘Immergrünchen’

Planting Zone Species Percentages

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Sedum kamtschaticum

Sedum album

Sesleria autumnalis

Petrorhagia saxifraga

Liatris aspera

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Muhlenbergia capillaris Petrorhagia saxifraga

Sesleria autumnalis

Andropogon gerardii

Allium cernuum

Sporobolus heterolepis

Bouteloua gracilis

Liatris aspera

Muhlenbergia capillaris

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Sedum kamtschaticum

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‘Rubrum’

Zone 2: Low Ornamental Grasses

Pennisetum setaceum ‘Rubrum’

Pennisetum setaceum ‘Rubrum’

Andropogon gerardii Liatris aspera

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10%

Dianthus Pennisetum arenarius setaceum

Ipomopsis rubra

20%

Andropogon gerardii

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30% Sporobolus heterolepis 10%

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Carex flacca

Ipomopsis rubra Sporobolus heterolepis

Sesleria caerulea

Zone 4: Tall Ornamental Grasses 18”- 48”

Zone 1: Sedums and Succulents Ipomopsis rubra

Allium senescens

Sesleria autumnalis

15% 35% 15%

Muhlenbergia capillaris 35%

Sesleria caerulea

Zone 3: Meadow Grasses

C.U.R.I. Roof Garden Planting Design

Zone 4: Tall Ornamental Grasses Planting Sketches, Marker

The planting plan for the C.U.R.I. roof garden was carefully designed to maximize the ecological and aesthetic benefits of a green roof, while still remaining affordable and implementable. the sedums and grasses chosen all fit within a semi-intensive green roof progam that requires only 4”-8” of soil, needs no irrigation, and creates habitat for native species. The roof reduces stormwater runoff, reduces building heat loads, and provides useable outdoor space.


Bowman Town Green Master Plan

BOWMAN TOWN GREEN

Town Green Master Plan, Pen and Watercolor

Bowman, South Carolina

Bowman, South Carolina Design Studio Exercise

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Key:

Scale 1” = 20’

1 - People’s Hardware Cafe 2 - Open Air Picnic Area 3 - Covered Event Venue 4 - Fountain 5 - Entry Plaza 6 - Tree Alley 7 - Rain garden 8 - Garden Path 9 - Meadow Area 10 - Parking 11 - Great Lawn 12 - Back Patio

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The Bowman Town Green project involved the redesign of an the historic People’s Hardware Store on the Main Street of Bowman, SC. We worked with community members to develop a plan that would be beautiful and functional for the town’s residents, as well as achievable within their budget and phasing constraints.


Section Elevation B-B

Bowman Green Perspectives and Sections

Scale 1” = 10’ 0

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Site Sections, Watercolor


PENDLETON ECO-EDUCATIONAL PARK Pendleton, South Carolina Design Studio Exercise The Pendleton Eco-educational park project was an exercise in sustainable design, specifically in the growing sector of eco-industiral parks. Through research of ecology and sustainable technologies, our concept turned a brownfield site into an ecology education campus that was a closed loop system in temrs of energy, waster, and water. The campus envisioned was partnered with both the community of Pendleton and regional universities to encourge education and exposure to sustainable practices.

Site Factors Diagram, Colored Pencil


ECO - EDUCATIONAL PARK I FIGURE GROUND DIAGRAMS PENDLETON, SC

BIOGAS PLANT

COMPOST

FOOD FOREST GARDEN

EDUCATIONAL BUILDING

MARKET/ RESTAURANT

CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS

GREENHOUSES GEOTHERMAL FIELDS

GREENWAY

ACQUIRED LAND

EDUCATIONAL COMPONENT

PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION

ELLIPSE PROJECT CONCEPT

STORMWATER MAP

GREEN SPACE

OVERFLOW PARKING

OVERFLOW PARKING

VEHICLE CIRCULATION

PARKING ALONG PERIMETER

Eco-Educational Park Masterplan and Diagrams

AutoCAD & Photoshop


Perspectives, Colored Pencil

Eco-Educational Park Perspectives An Educational Trail winds through the site connecting educational buildings, the amphitheater and all of the sustainable components of the site


LIMITED NATURAL RESOURCES LIMITED ACCESS RISE IN CLIMBING POPULARITY

ISSUES ACCESS

EDUCATIONAL MATERIALS IN GYMS & ON-SITE EDUCATION EVENTS RESEARCH CLIMBING ORGANIZATIONS

BOULDERER PREFERENCES SURVEY PURPOSE: To learn more about southeastern boulderers in order to encourage ecologically sensitive bouldering access.

Go to https://goo.gl/forms/21tokZ71z4Rnwsui2 and share your bouldering preferences. This survey will take 20-30 minutes of your time. PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR Dr. Mary Padua, Professor and Founding Chair Department of Landscape Architecture Clemson University mgpadua@clemson.edu

SOLUTIONS

CREATIVE DESIGN INTERVENTIONS CAN HELP BALANCE THE NEED QUESTION: WHAT FOR CLIMBING ACCESS WITH ITS NEGATIVE ECOLOGICAL IMPACTS?

1 FOR MORE INFORMATION: Contact co-investigator Caroline Donaldson at creid2@clemson.edu

DESIGN OF OUTDOOR CLIMBING AREAS

MANAGEMENT PLANS INDOOR GYMS MANAGEMENT LIMITED ACCESS POLICY & ADVOCACY LACK OF RESEARCH DESIGN PRINCIPLES ON THE DESIGN FOR ACCESS OF OUTDOOR AREAS CLIMBING PARKING PLANNING AREAS TRAILS, BASE & DESIGN PHILOSOPHY AREAS, ROUTES OF WILDERNESS ENTRY AREAS DESIGN ON-SITE EDUCATION

By completing a

PARTICIPATION: To participate in this study you must 18 years of age or older and be a participant in outdoor rock climbning activities who lives in the Southeastern United States. This survey will take 20-30 minutes of your time.

ECREATI R O SS

VEGETATION EROSION LITTER BOLTS ECOLOGICAL HUMAN IMPACT WASTE HABITAT DESTRUCTION

DESIGN

My research project used case studies and a survey to create design and mangemeny guidelines for bouldering area. These guidelines will be used to design my example site aty Rocktown, Georgia.

PROMOTE SUSTAINABLE BOULDERING ACCESS

BETWEEN CLIMBING ACCESS & ECOLOGICAL IMPACTS

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The topic of my terminal research and design project is ecologically sensitive bouldering access. Bouldering is a subset of Rock Climbing that is growing in popularity. With increased recreational use, negative ecological impacts to bouldering areas are also increasing.

AS A BALANCING ACT

CREATIVE DESIGN SOLUTIONS FOR THE TENSION

WILDERN E

TERMIAL RESEACH PROJECT: ECOLOGICALLY SENSITIVE BOULDERING ACCESS

OUTDOOR RECREATION

How does the concept of wilderness influence outdoor design?

GOAL:

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What does it mean to “balance” access and ecological impacts?

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Where is there opportunity for design intervention help create this balance in outdoor climbing?

TO DEVELOP A SET OF DESIGN PRINCIPLES FOR OUTDOOR CLIMBING AREAS THAT IMPROVE ACCESS WHILE PREVENTING NEGATIVE ECOLOGICAL IMPACTS


SWEET STREET BAKERY Piedmont, South Carolina Graduate Assistantship Graham Kimak Landscape Designs This commerical design project was completed as part of an internship at a local residential firm. The client desired an engaging, colorful landscape design that reflected the business. The project was installed in October 2015. The client desired a harmonious, organic deisgn, which was achieveds through a restricted color palette and sweeping curves of vegetation.

Plan View & Perspective, Watercolor


GREENVILLE ZOO GIANT ANTEATER EXHIBIT Greenville, South Carolina Graduate Assistantship Greenville City Parks and Recreation

Pen sketches of future exhibit animals for informational signage

This exhibit design was completed as part of an internship with Greenville City Parks and recreation in conjunction with the city landscape architect. We converted the former elephant exhibit to a South American exhibit with an observation deck and plaza. Animal habit and behaviors, as well as visitor experience were key design considerations.


CAROLiNE REID DONALDSON Aspens, Watercolor


Landscape Architecture Portfolio Caroline Donaldson