Digital Design - Module 02 Semester 1, 2018 Yuyao Li

(872941) Han Li + Studio 16

Week Three

Reading: Kolerevic B. 2003. Architecture in the Digital Age

Kolerevic described three fundamental type of fabrication techniques in the reading. Outline the three techniques and discuss the potential of Computer Numeric Controlled fabrication with parametric modelling. (150 words max)

The fundamental types of fabrication are additive fabrication, subtractive fabrication and two-dimensional fabrication. Two-dimensional fabrication: cutting head moves on x and y axis. The material used can be cut by plasma-arch, laser beam or water jet. Subtractive fabrication: cutting head moves on x, y and z axis. The solid material is cut into an ideal form. But for undercut, it can use four- or five- axis machines. Additive fabrication: is opposite to the subtractive fabrication. The solid is seperated into two-dimensional layers to manufacture the object. By using parametric modelling, it can be more easily and quicking for architect to make digital models and physical models. And both this and the final manufacturing also can be done by using Computer Numeric Controlled fabrication.

2

Week Three

Surface Creation

The two surfaces aim to create larger open space. For the pattern, the protruding form will create an interesting shadow inside and the light will go through the waffle structure to the interior. Because of the structure inside the patterns, it may be a reflection of sunlight. The light may be reflected by the inside protruding form of patterns to the interior of the whole structure. About the circulation, people can go through the whole structure or walk around it. It actually does not have an obvious opings like doors or windows. So it can be better conected with the outside environment and has less limit for peopleâ€™s activities.

3

Week Four Panels & Waffle

Panelling of two surfaces:

Waffle structure of model.

The two surfaces are parallel and create a large open space between them.

4

Week Four

Laser Cutting

Process of creating a Laser Cut file for the model. This is the template for laser cutting. The arrangement of structures should be concerned and also the layers should be differentiated so that the laser cutter can distinguish “cut“ and “etch“.

5

Week Four Panels & Waffle

Two surfaces with patterns

Pattern surfaces with waffle structure.

6

1.11

Week Four

.2

Surfaces

{0,90,150} {30,0,150}

{150,150,150}

{150,0,150}

{0,150,0}

{150,150,0} {60,0,0}

{150,60,0}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

1.31

.4 {0,90,150}

{0,90,150} {0,150,150}

{0,0,60}

{0,150,0}

{0,150,0}

{150,0,0}

{150,30,0}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

7

I have played with four different kinds of surfaces. The first one is 1.4 which is two intercting surfaces. and 1.2 is the second one which is two surfaces intersected by a curve. The third one is 1.3 which is two parallel but twisted surface. The fourth one which I used is 1.1 and it is based on the third one but creates larger open space.

2.12

.2

Week Four

Attractor Point Location {151,74,95}

I have played four different location of attracted point. The four drawings show slight differences with each other no matter where the point attraction is.

{151,209,31}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

2.32

.4

{314,45,250}

{204,70,39}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Index Selection}

8

3.13

.2

Week Four

Patterns

3.33

I used iwo different patterns for each surfaces. Because the waffle strcture creates enough opening space so the patterns I used is for creating the shadow. I think that the triangular shape would create an interesting interaction of light and shadow. In addition, there may be a reflection of lights inside the pattern structure.

.4

+

9

Week Four Grasshopper

10

Week Four Grasshopper

11

Week Five

This cheese structure paviliion also does not have an obvious bound of private and public space so it does not limit peopleâ€™s activities area. Because of that, the circulation is that people can walk across the pavilion or walk around it to see the view and take it as a scupture. The light and wind can go through the two holes and create an interesting interaction of light and shadow.

12

Week Five

Isometric

Description of isometric: I used the contour lines to describe the external surfaces. With the booleaned geometry contained mostly within the original shape the cube is still highly visible as a form. The solids left behind can also be interpreted as space. If we invert the positive and negative space it creates a stretched/ pinched network of spaces. Where the intersecting geometry interacts with the surface envelope creates a lighter more open space.

13

Week Five

1.11

.2

Grid Manipulation {50,0,150}

I used different curve attractions to the cube to make different interior structure for the following sphere making.

{150,0,150}

{150,0,0}

{150,0,0}

{Curve Attractor}

{Curve Attractor}

1.31

.4

{60,89,138}

{108,16,74} {145,119,14}

{145,61,14}

{Curve Attractor}

{Curve Attractor}

14

2.12

.2

{-155,455,0}

{-155,455,0}

Week Five Sphere Distribution

{52,364,0}

{Point Attractor}

{Curve Attractor}

2.32

.4

{Random Attractor}

{Volume Gravitational Centre}

15

I used different attractor such as curve attractor and point attractor to make different central points of the shpere

Week Five

3.13

.2

Sphere Transformation

I used different numbers and different attractor to make different sizes and location of the shpere.

{Consistent Scaling}

{Morph}

3.33

.4

{Reverse Attractor}

{Random Scale}

16

Week Five Grasshopper

17

Week Six Task 01

Lofts

Module 02 - Task 01

1.1

1.2

1.3

Key

1.4

{0,0,0} {0,90,150}

{0,90,150} {30,0,150}

{150,0,150}

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Attractor / Control Curves

{0,90,150}

Grid Points

{150,150,150}

{0,150,150}

{0,0,60}

{0,150,0}

{0,150,0}

{0,150,0}

{150,150,0} {60,0,0}

{150,0,0}

{150,60,0}

{Index Selection}

Yuyao Li - 872941

Paneling Grid & Attractor Point

2.1

{150,30,0}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

2.2

2.3

2.4

{314,45,250}

{151,74,95}

{151,209,31} {204,70,39}

Paneling

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Index Selection}

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

+

Design Matrix 1:5

Solid pattern creates shadow inside the structure. When the light goes through the interior, it would be reflected by the pattern and create different interactions inside the structure.

Solid panels create a definitive boundary between exterior and interior. The waffle structure creates large openings so that the light can go through the structure and the solid panel creates shadows inside.

Panels are smaller at the top and gradually increase in size towards the bottom of the volume as the structure can be more stable.

A hollow waffle structure allows for the creation of an interior volume.

Exploded Axonometric 1:1 0

20

60mm

Task 01 Matrix

18

Week Six Task 02

Grid Manipulation

1.2

1.3

Key

1.4

{0,0,0}

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Attractor / Control Curves Grid Points

{60,89,138}

{50,0,150}

{150,0,150} {108,16,74} {145,119,14}

{145,61,14}

{150,0,0}

{150,0,0}

{Curve Attractor}

Sphere Distribution

Module 02 - Task 02

1.1

{Curve Attractor}

2.1

{-155,455,0}

2.2

{-155,455,0}

{Curve Attractor}

{Curve Attractor}

2.3

2.4

{52,364,0}

{Curve Attractor}

{Random Attractor}

{Volume Gravitational Centre}

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

Sphere Transformation

Yuyao Li - 872941

{Point Attractor}

{Consistent Scaling}

{Morph}

{Reverse Attractor}

{Random Scale}

Design Matrix 1:5

With the booleaned geometry contained mostly within the original shape the cube is still highly visible as a form. Where the intersecting geometry interacts with the surface envelope creates a lighter more open space.

Points at which geometry almost touches but does not creates a feeling of uncanny heaviness to the above structure.

Intersections that do not interact with the surface envelope create heavier darker spaces.

The solids left behind can also be interpreted as space. If we invert the positive and negative space it creates a stretched/pinched network of spaces.

Axonometric 1:1 Solid boolean using 3.2 morph itteration. 0

20

60mm

Task 02 Matrix

19

2 - Task 02

1.2

Final Isometric Views

1.3

{0,90,150}

{150,150,150}

{150,0,150}

2.1

{-155,455,0}

2.2

{-155,455,0}

{Curve Attractor}

{Curve Attractor}

2.3

2.4

{52,364,0}

{0,0,0}

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Attractor / Control Curves Grid Points

{0,150,150}

{0,0,60}

{0,150,0}

{0,150,0}

{0,150,0}

{150,150,0} {60,0,0}

{Curve Attractor}

Key

1.4 {0,90,150}

{0,90,150}

{30,0,150}

Sphere Distribution

1.1

Yuyao Li - 872941

Lofts

{150,0,0}

{150,60,0}

{150,30,0}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

{Point Attractor}

{Curve Attractor}

{Random Attractor}

{Volume Gravitational Centre}

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

Sphere Transformation

Yuyao Li - 872941

Paneling Grid & Attractor Point

Module 02 - Task 01

Week Six

{150,0,0}

{150,0,0}

{Curve Attractor}

{314,45,250}

{151,74,95}

{151,209,31} {204,70,39}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Index Selection}

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

{Consistent Scaling}

{Morph}

{Reverse Attractor}

{Random Scale}

Paneling

Design Matrix 1:5

+

Design Matrix 1:5

With the booleaned geometry contained mostly within the original shape the cube is still highly visible as a form. Where the intersecting geometry interacts with the surface envelope creates a lighter more open space.

Solid pattern creates shadow inside the structure. When the light goes through the interior, it would be reflected by the pattern and create different interactions inside the structure.

Points at which geometry almost touches but does not creates a feeling of uncanny heaviness to the above structure.

Solid panels create a definitive boundary between exterior and interior. The waffle structure creates large openings so that the light can go through the structure and the solid panel creates shadows inside.

Intersections that do not interact with the surface envelope create heavier darker spaces.

Panels are smaller at the top and gradually increase in size towards the bottom of the volume as the structure can be more stable.

The solids left behind can also be interpreted as space. If we invert the positive and negative space it creates a stretched/pinched network of spaces.

A hollow waffle structure allows for the creation of an interior volume.

Exploded Axonometric 1:1 0

20

60mm

Axonometric 1:1 Solid boolean using 3.2 morph itteration.

0

20

20

60mm

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