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KEY I. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verb. A man (1) …has been taken….. (take) to hospital after (2) ……being attacked………….. (attack) by a tiger at Peal zoo this afternoon. He (3) ……is said………….. (say) to have suffered severe wounds but (4) ……is expected………….. (expect) to recover. Several witnesses of the terrifying event (5) ……are currently being treated………….. (currently/treat) for shock. The tiger escaped after the door of her cage (6) ……was accidentally left………….. (accidentally / leave) open after feeding time. She (7) ……was caught………….. (catch) shortly after using a tranquilliser gun, but by then the visitor (8) ……had already been………….. (already / injure). Zookeepers say it was lucky she (9) ……had been fed………….. (feed) so recently, as otherwise the attack may have been more severe. The incident (10) ……is being investigated………….. (investigate) by police. Meanwhile the zoo director has promised that security (11) …will be increased…………….. (increase) in order to ensure that such incidents (12) ……are avoided………….. (avoid) in future. II. Rewrite the sentences with the correct form of must, need, should , might, could or can. 1. It is essential for us all to treat each other with respect. We must treat each other with respect. 2. It was wrong of me to accuse her of lying. I shouldn’t have accused her of lying. 3. It’s possible that Maria is pregnant. Maria may / might be pregnant. 4. I’m certain that Sean did not steal the money. Sean can’t have stolen the money. 5. It’s not necessary for you to take the car. We can walk there. You don’t need / needn’t take the car, we can walk. 6. You are allowed to take one item of hand luggage with you on board. You may take one item of …………………………. 7. It was a bad idea to lend her money. You shouldn’t have lent her money. 8. It is important that all players follow the rules. All players must follow the rules. 9. I’m sure Edward isn’t angry.


Edward can’t be angry. 10. There is a chance that she will recover from her illness. She might/may/could recover from her illness. III. Choose the correct form of the verb. 1. They forgot to switch off the computers before they left. 2. He will always remember his teacher speaking about the importance of protecting the environment. 3. City farms are trying to teach children how to respect the natural environment. 4. The bank clerk told his customer: “I regret to inform you that someone has withdrawn a substantial amount from your account”. 5. The minister decided that it was time to stop working so hard and start enjoying his family. 6. John enjoys watching television programmes about whales. 7. The governments of certain developed countries are afraid of announcing the level of their greenhouse gas emissions to the public. IV. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the infinitive or the –ing form. Mind the tenses! Stress seems (1) …to have become….. (become) part of everyday life. More and more people complain of constantly (2) …feeling….. (feel) anxious. So, what can we do to avoid (3) …suffering….. (suffer) from stress? 1. Adopt a positive mental attitude. It is important (4) to identify….. (identify) the positive aspects of challenging situations and avoid (5) …getting….. (get) caught up in difficulties. 2. Don’t take on too much. Learn (6) …to say….. (say) no to people: there’s no point in (7) …doing….. (do) things for other people if it makes you feel terrible! If you are too busy (8) …to take….. (take) something on, you can (9) …refuse…….. (refuse) to do it. It’s that simple. 3. Lead a healthy lifestyle. If you are feeling tense, go (10) …swimming….. (swim). Also, make sure you get enough sleep. Tired people are too exhausted (11) ……to deal…….. (deal) with difficult situations, so they get stressed easily. Follow these three rules and you will (12) …have….. (have) a calm, controlled and stress-free existence!


Key activities on modal verbs, verb patterns and passives