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Digital Design - Module 02 Semester 1, 2018 Carmen Duong

912639 Jun Han Foong + Studio 13


Week Three

Reading: Kolerevic B. 2003. Architecture in the Digital Age

Kolerevic described three fundamental type of fabrication techniques in the reading. Outline the three techniques and discuss the potential of Computer Numeric Controlled fabrication with parametric modelling. (150 words max)

Kolerevic outlines the three different fabrication techniques as subtractive, additive and formative. The subtractive method involves removing a percentage from a entity volume, incorporating multiple axis. Additive fabrication recalls the addition of material layer by layer to build upon an original foundation. A large benefit of the additive method is the reduction of material waste which in turn produces a more cost-effective method. The formative fabrication method describes using heat to physically sculpt and create the shape desired. Using CNC methods can create digitally advanced formulas for producing shells and moulds. With today’s technology, CNC fabrication enables an immediate data entry program that reduces manufactoring and technical drawings, enabling a quickened turn around process which is crucial in our current time.

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Week Three

Surface Creation

Using the 150 x 150 x 150mm bounding box provided, I created surfaces that were both simply curved and also experimented with using a twisted surface. However, through trial and error, I came to find that it was rather difficult to create panelling and a waffle structure with twisted faces, and therefore decided to continue developing with a slightly twisted surface. In order to create a waffle structure that would be planar, I made both top lines of the panels gradiating at the same angle. This would create a continuous and flowing structure.

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Week Four Panels & Waffle

My panel patten was created through deciding to disguise the idea of a 5x5 grid. Although the surface was created on a grid, I created an interlocking pattern that would allow for both holes to create light and also a seamless appearance from the interlocking pattern.

This waffle structue is quite as simple one as it has minimal twisting. I deliberately decided to create simple surfaces so I could create a more complex panel. The waffle structure has a slight resemblance to a Japanese temple with the outstretched curve eaves.

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Week Four

Laser Cutting

From the laser cutting file, it can be seen that each element was rather small. As I decided to integrate both 2D and 3D together, I would have 50 3D patterns to fold. It was relieving to see that the shapes were quite simple as triangles are easy to fold. One difficultly I came across was finding that some of the nets would overlap. Due to this, I had to separate single triangle faces out and add tabs to those. When folding the 3D, it was crucial that the orientation of the triangle is placed onto the right tab of the net. The 2D panels were quite simple to unfold as it was simply a strip of paper across each panel. However, it was later decided to scrap the 2D layer was it would not stick onto the waffle in a presentable manner.

Y1A Y1B

Y1A1

Y1B1

Y1

C

Y1

D

Y1

E

Y1B2

Y1A3

Y1B3

Y1C1

Y1C2

Y1C3

Y1D1

Y1D2

Y1D3

Y1E1

Y1E2

Y2A1

Y2

Y1A2

A Y2B1

Y2A2

Y2B2

Y2

Y1E3

Y2A3

Y2B3

Y1A4

Y1A5

Y1B4

Y1B5

Y1C4

Y1C5

Y1D4

Y1D5

Y1E4

Y1E5

Y2A4

Y2A5

Y2B4

Y2B5

Y2C5

B

Y2

C

Y2

D

Y2

Y2C1

Y2C2

Y2C3

Y2C4

Y2D1

Y2D2

Y2D3

Y2D4

Y2E1

E

5

Y2E2

Y2E3

Y2E4

Y2D5

Y2E5


Week Five

From creating the bounding box, I decided to use the point attraction to alter the grid. The manipulation of the grid drew the centroids of the solid shape to a certain point. For my iteration, I placed the point on the centre as it represented my waffle structure, where the largest space was in the centre and the outer thirds were rather empty. Through this, I created a boolean shape where the centre shapes were larger and outer shapes were smaller. I originally decided to use spheres, however found that it was difficult to create interesting intersecting shapes. Therefore, I decided to chose a truncated octahedron, creating dynamic and interesting intersection volumes.

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Week Five

Isometric

Originally using spheres to create the internal volumes, I found that the spherical shape was difficult to showcase a dynamic and visually interesting representation of the spatial qualities of my waffle. After experimenting with Weaverbird and Lunchbox, I decided to stick with a truncated octahedron as it was both simple yet complex. Using a point attractor in the centre of the bounding box drew the grid centroids towards the centre of the box. This is representative of my waffle structure as the centre is largest and most open space. Arriving towards the face of one of the sides of the box, the 3D solid shapes are slightly larger as my structure has a gaping opening. The intersecting shapes represent that enclosed volumes of space that the structural walls of my waffle create. It highlights the usable and intimate areas of the space.

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Week Six Task 01

Lofts

Module 02 - Task 01

1.1

1.2

1.3

Key

1.4 {150, 60, 150}

{150, 60, 150}

{150, 0, 120}

{0, 60, 150}

{90, 150, 150} {150, 0, 0}

{150, 0, 0}

{120, 0, 0}

{0, 0, 60} {0, 0, 30}

{150, 20, 0}

{0, 150, 90}

{0, 60, 0}

{0, 60, 0}

{0, 0, 60}

{120, 0, 0}

{0, 90, 0}

{0, 90, 150}

{0, 90, 0} {0, 120, 0}

{0, 150, 0} {Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

2.2

2.3

2.4

{225, 485, 203}

{60, 504 203}

{68, -694, 0}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Random Attraction}

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

Paneling

Carmen Duong - 912639

Paneling Grid & Attractor Point

{248, -840, 126}

{0, 0, 60}

{150, 120, 0}

{150, 20, 0}

{0, 90, 0}

{Index Selection}

2.1

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Attractor / Control Curves

{150, 60, 150}

Grid Points {120, 150, 150}

{150, 20, 0}

{0,0,0}

{150, 0, 150}

{150, 0, 150} {150 30, 150} {150, 60, 150}

Design Matrix 1:5

Through creating an interlocking pattern, it allows for a square space between each pattern. Light is able to render through, generating beautiful shadows within

Interlocking star shape creates an interesting shape that disguises the 5x5 panels to integrate a seamless pattern

Three dimensional pattern attracted to a single point to create a directional motion

Waffle structure shaped to present an gaping opening to create an inviting and expansive entrance

Exploded Isometric 1:1 0

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Curve attraction applied to this surface to produce a wave-like movement, following the curve of the surface

60mm

From the iterations created from the multiple faces, I decided to use 1.1 as it was both a simple surface but allowed for a complex panel to be placed on top as it covered a large area but was not involved with much twisting. With the attraction points, I decided to use a combination of curve and point attractor to create variationg and also a wave-like movement within the panels that would create visual interest. My favourite part about the structure would be the panelling as the interlocking pattern that I created becomes a disguised behind the 5x5 grid, producing a very seamless appearance.

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Week Six Task 02

Grid Manipulation

Module 02 - Task 02

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

Key {0,0,0}

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Attractor / Control Curves Grid Points

{68, 140, 100}

{-12, 126, 0}

{84 80, 61}

{135, 76, 111}

{148, 7, 0} {Point Attractor}

{Curve Attractor}

2.1

2.2

2.3

Sphere Distribution

{Curve Attractor}

{Random Attractor}

2.4

{44, 7, 121}

{249, -20, 0}

{99, 64, 38}

{102, 124, 55}

{Attractor Point Location}

Curve Attractor Location}

{Random Attractor}

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

{Reverse Attractor}

{Morph}

Sphere Transformtion

Carmen Duong - 912639

{Attractor Point Location}

{99, 64, 38}

{Attractor Point}

{Consistent Scaling}

Design Matrix 1:5

Solid spaces create an open space, dictating the shape and closed area of the network Hollow sections create concaved spaces that are heavier, darker and more intimate

Intersection sections allow for an open space that can be occupied by users for multiple purposes

Following the structure and available space from task one, the centre channel contains larger space and is therefore represented with larger hollow sections

Isometric 1:1 Solid boolean using 3.2 morph iteration 0

20

60mm

Task 02 Matrix Whilst creating this boolean script, I wanted the structure to represent the spaces and voids within my waffle structure. As my structure had a large opening and centre channel, the solid shapes were larger in these specific areas, representing the open voids that are available for use. The intersecting solids within showcased the tighter spaces that could be used for more intimate and private purposes.

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Week Six

Final Isometric Views

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Appendix

Process

These were my original shapes that I wanted to use to panel my surface. I used three different iterations of the same pattern, enlarging the opening.

An example of using the previous pattern and incorporating the 2D panelling cut outs.

The original panelling where the more curved the surface, the larger and shallower the opening. The higher the surface, the taller and smaller the opening.

I started to experiment with destroying the idea of the 5x5 grid and playing around with an interlocking pattern.

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Here is another experiment using 4 of the same pattern within one panel grid. The centre space can be used for 2D panelling.

Using the 5x5 grid, I created a pattern that would be continuous and interlocking so it would generate a seamless appearance.


Appendix Process

Using the interlocking pattern, here is the 5x5 grid disguised underlock the pattern.

As there were square holes, I wanted to include 2D panelling underneath with holes. However, it was too difficult to create a model with this panelling.

Here is the final idea of what the waffle structure would look like.

Playing around with the boolean and spherical shapes to represent voids and spaces. Using the point

Booleaning the spaes to create a corner of the structure. The spherical shapes appeared too dull

Using a truncated octahedron to define the space. The intersecting faces create a much more dynamic

attractor tool to create a variance in scale.

and not quite dynamic. 12

and visually appealing structure.


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