Issuu on Google+

SUSTAINABLE DESIGN - Environmental design/eco-design Anthony Leonsins & Carmen Briner


CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABILITY ‘seeks to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’ – Brundtland Report, 1987   Evolved from a variety of concerns, experiences and needs •  1970’s oil crisis •  Recycling efforts •  1980’s ‘sick building syndrome’

  Design impacts environment in many ways   Sustainable design – Skillful and thoughtful designing of objects   Doing better with less


BACKGROUND TO ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES


1.  Air pollution •  •  •  •  • 

CO2 and other Ozone depletion Transportation – raw material to finished product Waste disposal via burning Effect on humans – resp problems, eye irritations, allergies, carcinogenic and teratogenic

2.  Water pollution •  Increased usage of water •  Wastewater pollution – wildlife and environment

3.  Noise pollution •  Industrial machinery

4.  Deforestation


PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABLE DESIGN   Design to minimise environmental and social impacts.   Analyse each stage of the product life cycle   Design for the environment •  Process design •  Material design •  Energy consumption design

  Strategies - Reduce, Re-use, Recycle, Restore   Goal – 100 % cyclic, safe and renewable


LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS

end of life – recycling, landfills, liquid waste, gas emissions etc‌

energy & emissions during normal product life, required maintenance & product reuse

material harvesting & transportation to manufacturing sites

material processing & transportation to production sites

manufacturing, assembly, packaging, transport to final destination


DAVID COLWELL Sustainable Furniture Designer


‘Do the mostest with the leastest’ British Furniture Designer - chairs 1944, London Royal College of Art Trannon Design - Wales Believes in ‘form follows function’ – style is by-product of the piece’s use, making and context •  Context today – include need for sustainability •  •  •  •  • 


LOOKING AT THE PROCESS…


PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE •  Raw Material Acquisition •  Processing •  Manufacturing •  Waste Management •  Product Life


Raw material acquisition  Wood – 100% natural •  not always a sustainable resource •  UK 90% timber is imported •  timber industry – want tall trees with side branches. Trees initially planted close to each other – grow faster. As get bigger thinning. •  4 out of 5 original trees planted are felled •  Thinnings - left to rot - sold cheaply for pulp/firewood


 ASHWOOD – material of choice •  Strongest and fastest growing – faster it grows = stronger •  Self-seeding •  Absorbs more atmospheric carbons than any other tree


•  Since young trees are the strongest – thinnings are used •  Affordable •  No sapwood – less wastage •  Low moisture content – dries quicker & no extra processes needed to augment drying •  Endemic to UK - plentiful - transport


Processing & Manufacturing  STEAM BENDING   Simple process   Strips of wood are heated using a steam box – wood pliable


  Best trees to bend are young trees ie: thinnings   Green wood is used •  Therefore less energy needed to bend   Process of steam bending simultaneously seasons wood •  Recently cut wood = Green wood which is unseasonsed, ie: not dried •  Wood is normally dried - over time - forced drying in Kiln •  Therefore less energy used as no kiln drying needed also less time, money and noise.


Waste Management   Ashwood has no sap – less wastage   No Kiln drying – less energy expended and wasteful by-products   Minimal planing (shaping) and sanding of wood – less waste (sawdust)


Product Life   AESTHETIC FORM AND FUNCTION   The triangular geometry - strength and durability   Tubular rivet construction using recycled copper plumbing pipe rivets for all joints - durable   Chair is ergonomic and looks nice - long term sustainability


Designs  by  Jacque  Fresco  ©  2011  


Designs  by  Jacque  Fresco  ©  2011  


Designs  by  Jacque  Fresco  ©  2011  


Designs  by  Jacque  Fresco  ©  2011  


R.B.E.   Holistic socioeconomic system   No money   No credit   No debt

  Resources become the common heritage of all of the inhabitants   Earth is abundant with plentiful resources


NO MONEY?


???


Designed  by  Jacque  Fresco  ©  2011  


New Society based on fundamental principles of science and the comprehensive knowledge of the interrelationship between people and the environment    


Designs  by  Jacque  Fresco  ©  2011  

CYBERNATED GOVERNMENT


Jacque Fresco The Venus Project Founder  


Designs  by  Jacque  Fresco  ©  2011  


Carmen & Anthony