Page 1

INDEX OF PLANT REGARDING PHYTORREMEDIATION TECHNICS FOR LANDSCAPE DESIGN SYMPOSIUM / LIVING WITH WATER IN SAO PAULO


LEGEND PHYTORREMEDIATION PROCESS

CONTAMINANTS Inorganic contaminants

Volatilization

Macro nutrients Metals

Ph yto me tab oli za tio n

P hy tod e

Salts

gra d

Radionuclides

ation tion

Organic contaminants

Chlorinated solvents Explosives

to e x

5 yr

P hy

Petroleum compounds

tr a c

1 yr

10 yr >20 yr zo

Pesticides and Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP’s)

Ri Phytostabilization

de

a gr

da

tio

n


Vegeta on Type: Vegetable Family: Apiaceae

1

Daucus carota L. (carrot) Petroleum compounds Heavy Hydrocarbons

BTEX

TPH

Benzene; Toluene; Ethyl benzene, and Xylene

Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons

Volatilization V Phy tode grad a tio n

1 yr 5 yr 1 0 yr z

Ri

e od

gr

ad

ati

on


Vegeta on Type: Herbaceous Family: Poaceae

2

Axonopus compressus (Carpet Grass) Petroleum compounds Heavy Hydrocarbons

BTEX

TPH

Benzene; Toluene; Ethyl benzene, and Xylene

Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons

Volatilization V Phy tode grad a tio n

1 yr 5 yr 10 yr z

Ri

e od

gr

ad

ati

on


Vegeta on Type: Herbaceous Family: Poaceae

3

Bonteloua cur pendula (Side Oats) Petroleum compounds Heavy Hydrocarbons

BTEX

TPH

Benzene; Toluene; Ethyl benzene, and Xylene

Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons

Volatilization V Phy tode grad a tio n

1 0 yr z

Ri

e od

gr

ad

ati

on


Vegeta on Type: Herbaceous Family: Poaceae

4

Panicum virgatum L. (Switchgrass)

Volatilization P hy tode grad ation

1 yr 5 yr 10 yr on

>20 yr z

Ri

Phytostabilization

e od

ad

gr

a ti


Vegeta on Type: Herbaceous Family: Varies

5

Lolium perenne Petroleum compounds

Explosives

PAHs Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Radionuclides Potential for stabilizing and metabolizing radionuclides

BTEX

TPH

Benzene; Toluene; Ethyl benzene, and Xylene

Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons

Ph yto me tab oli za tio n

Volatilization P hy tode grad ation

1 yr 5 yr 10 yrr >20 yr R

Phytostabilization Phytostab

d izo

eg

ra

da

tio

n


Vegeta on Type: Herbaceous Family: Varies

Bidens pilosa (Beggar Ticks Spanish)

Performance Potential for stabilizing and phytoaccumulating cadmium

10 yr >20 yr Phytostabilization

trac toex

1 yr 5 yr

tion

Metals: cadmium

Phy

6


Vegeta on Type: Herbaceous Family: Varies

Brassica juncea

Performance Potential for degrading PAH

Petroleum compounds

Potential for accumulating Arsenic, Cadmium, Zinc, Chromium, Nickel and copper

Metals

Ph y tode grad tion

ation toex

trac

1 yr 5 yr

Phy

7

y 10 yr yr >20 yr >20 zo Ri

Phytostabilization

g de

ra

da

tio

n


Vegeta on Type: Herbaceous Family: Varies

8

Canna x generalis

Petroleum compounds BTEX Benzene; Toluene; Ethyl benzene, and Xylene

Volatilization

Ph y tode grad ation

1 yr 5 yr 10 yr >20 yr z Ri

e od

gr

ad

ati

on


Vegeta on Type: Herbaceous Family: Varies

Festuca arundinacea

Volatilization

Petroleum compounds

Ph yto me tab oli za tio n

Phy tode grad tion

ation

PAHs Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons BTEX

H TP

Benzene; Toluene; Total Petroleum Ethyl benzene, and Hydrocarbons Xylene

toex

trac

1 yr 5 yr

P hy

9

Metals

10 yr >20 yr zo Ri

de

gr

ad

at

ion

Potential for accumulating, stabilizing and metabolizing Zinc

Phytostabilization

Explosives Potential for stabilization Trinitrotoluene (TNT)


Vegeta on Type: Herbaceous Family: Varies

Helianthus annuus Petroleum compounds PAH Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (Anthracene, or Pyrene) Explosives Potential for stabilization Trinitrotoluene (TNT)

Metals Potential for accumulating, arsenic

P hy tode grad tion

ation toex

trac

1 yr 5 yr

P hy

10

yr 10 yr 10 yr >20 yr >20 z

Ri

Phytostabilization Phytostabil

e od

gr

ad

ati

on


Vegeta on Type: Herbaceous Family: Varies

Tagetes patula (French Marigold)

Metals Potential for stabilising, metabolizing and/or extracting some heavy metals

Nickel, Arsenic, Cadmium and Zinc

5 yr 10 yr >20 yr Phytostabilization Phytostabil

trac toex

1 yr

tion

Ph yto me tab oli za tio n

Phy

11


Vegeta on Type: Herbaceous Family: Fabaceae

12

Onobrychis viciifolia (Sainfoin)

Petroleum compounds TPH Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons

Volatilization

P hy tode grad ation

1 yr 5 yr 10 yr on

>20 yr z

Ri

e od

gr

ad

a ti


Vegeta on Type: Herbaceous Family: Fabaceae

Pityrogramma calomelanos L. (Dixie Silverback Fern; Gold Dust)

Metals

5 yr 10 yr >20 yr Phytostabilization Phytostabiliza

trac toex

1 yr

tion

Potential for hyperaccumulating arsenic

P hy

13


Vegeta on Type: Wetland Family: Ceratophyllaceae

14

Ceratophylum demersum (Hornwart) Explosives Potential for degrading cyclonite (RDX)

Pesticides

ation grad tode P hy

1 yr 5 yr 10 yr >20 yr

on ati ad gr e d zo Ri


Vegeta on Type: Wetland Family: Juncaceae

15

Juncus eusus (common rush) Petroleum compounds PAH Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (Anthracene, or Pyrene)

P hy tode grad ation

1 yr 5 yr 10 yr >20 yr

R

d izo

eg

ra

da

tio

n


Vegeta on Type: Wetland Family: Haloragaceae

16

Myriophyllum aqua cum

Explosives Potential for degradin cyclonite (RDX) Potential for stabilization Trinitrotoluene (TNT)

Pesticides Diazinon, arrazine and others

1 yr 5 yr 10 yr >20 yr


Vegeta on Type: Wetland Family: Haloragaceae

17

Myriophyllum sibiricum Explosives Potential for stabilization Trinitrotoluene (TNT)

1 yr 5 yr 10 yr 20 yyrr >20 >

Phytostabilization


Vegeta on Type: Wetland Family: Haloragaceae

18

Myriophilum spicatum Explosives Potential for stabilization Trinitrotoluene (TNT)

1 yr 5 yr 10 yr >20 yr

Phytostabilization


Vegeta on Type:Wetland Family: Cyperaceae

19 Scirpus Mari

mus (Alkali Bulrush)

Petroleum compounds TPH otal Petroleum Hydrocarbons

Volatilization

P hy tode grad ation

1 yr 5 yr 10 yr >20 yr z

Ri

e od

gr

ad

ati

on


Vegeta on Type:Wetland Family: Typhaceae

20

Typha spp. (CaĆŠail) Petroleum compounds

Oil and Gasoline Total Suspended Solids COD and BOD Chemical and Biological Oxygen Demand DRO D iesel Range Organics

Volatilization P hy tode grad ation

1 yr 5 yr 10 yr >20 yr

od

eg

ra

da

ti o

n


Veege V eggeeeta t on ta n Typ ypee:: Tre ree Fami Fami Fa mily l : Ma Malv lvac lv acea ac cea eaee

21

Hibiscus liaceus

Phy tode grad ation

1 yr 5 yr 10 yr >20 yr

R

d izo

eg

ra

da

tio

n


Vegeta on Type: Tree Family: Salicaceae

22

Salix Humbold ana (Chile willow)

P hy

Volatilization

tode grad ation

1 yr 5 yr 10 yr >20 yr

R

d izo

eg

ra

da

tio

n


Vegeta on Type: Tree Family: Lecythidaceae

Lecythis ollaria (Coco de mono; abricot-de-macaco)

5 yr 10 yr >20 yr

Phytostabilization

trac toex

1 yr

tion

Volatilization

P hy

23


Plant catalog Symposium Living with Water in São Paulo  

This booklet was used as a guide for plant selection based on their performance to reduce contaminants present in soil and water for a proje...

Plant catalog Symposium Living with Water in São Paulo  

This booklet was used as a guide for plant selection based on their performance to reduce contaminants present in soil and water for a proje...

Advertisement