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Australia


Revista Celin

Esta Revista foi produzida como parte das tarefas do Curso de InglĂŞs do Celin.

Equipe:

Adriana Cabral do Nascimento Moura Amanda De Souza Gutierres Ana Carolina Valim Ariadne Barbosa do Nascimento Einloft Guilherme Aparecido InĂĄcio Maria das Dores Lopes Gomide.


Australian Culture A ustralians are known for their receptiveness to foreigners and for the more relaxed lifestyle. Like most countries colonized in the past, Australia is marked by cultural diversity - with indigenous influences and predominance of European traditions.

The country, which has a high quality of life, offers many attractions for visitors and foreign students: beautiful natural landscapes, modern and cosmopolitan cities, multiculturalism and a wide variety of animal species. Sydney, Australia's largest city, offers many activities and cultural Australian began as a British pe- centers, among them the Sydney nal colony in the eighteenth cen- Opera House - one of the countury, and its national character has try's top postcards. formed predominantly through the mechanisms of immigration and race relations. Other factors that have shaped the national culture include the early small female population relative to that of men, which is said to have laid the foundations for a widespread ideology of mateship. The involvement of Australian and New Zealand (Anzac) troops in World War I has been characterized as the symbolic birth of the nation.

Two important dates are: January 26, when the official Australian National Day is celebrated; and April 25, Anzac Day, when soldiers killed in war conflicts are honored. Alternative Names “Aussie� is a colloquialism that was used during World War I to refer to Australian-born people of British or Irish ancestry. Initially


used to describe a happy-go-lucky character capable of battling through hard times, the term was employed after World War II to distinguish those born domestically from “new” immigrants from western and southern Europe. The term continues to have meaning as a label for Australians representing their country. Among some sectors of society, “Aussie” is regarded as Eurocentric and anachronistic in a nation officially committed to ethnic and racial inclusiveness.

different cultures thanks to waves of migration following European colonisation in the late 18th century. Joining the hundreds of Indigenous groups are those early British and Irish settlers, European immigrants following World War Two, then growing Asian and African communities in recent decades. In fact, a quarter of Australians were born overseas, and another quarter have at least a parent born abroad, too.

Australia is egalitarian One concept Australians do hold Australia is diverse in high regard is the idea of the Australia doesn’t have one uni- ‘fair go’ — the belief that everyone form national culture because the should be given an equal opporcountry is made up of so many tunity — which manifests itself

in universal support for publicly funded education and healthcare systems. Australians pride themselves on that deep-seated egalitarianism, shaking off the pompous class system of the historic motherland, Britain. Australia is ‘The Lucky Country’ Ask the UN’s Human Development Report or the Economist Intelligence Unit’s quality-of-life index and they’ll tell you that Australia is fortunate enough to be one of the most prosperous nations on earth. ‘The Lucky Country’ has become an oft-used nickname for Australia since the term was coined half a century ago, and it’s an accurate moniker for a nation that enjoys such an enviable climate, stable political system and wealth of natural resources. And Australians love a drink On the World Health Organisation’s table of the thirstiest nations on earth, Australia is the third booziest country outside Europe (and 19th overall), guzzling down 12.2L of alcohol per capita each year. And with a world of wonderful wineries dotted all over the countryside as well as a booming brewery scene developing in their cities, it’s no mystery why they’re so fond of a tipple. Cheers!


facts about

Australia

Australia is a country with great biodiversity, and behind it carries a batch of facts. Did you know?

There are three times as many sheep than people living in Australia

17 of the world’s most poisonous snakes can be found in Australia

The record jump recorded by a kangaroo is a whopping 9 metres (30 feet) in a single leap!

Australia was the second country in the world to grant women the right to vote; this occurred in 1894

Australia has the highest rate of obesity in the world, with 63.4% of the population clocking in overweight.

Each year, Brisbane hosts the world championships of cockroach racing.

The Great Barrier Reef is regarded as the world’s largest living organism, and is often listed as one of the Seven Wonders of the Natural World If you visited one new beach in Australia every day, it would take over 27 years to see them all.This is because Australia has 11,761 beaches.

Australia is home to the world’s largest cattle ranch – which is bigger than the entire country of Belgium

Most of Australia’s exotic flora and fauna cannot be found anywhere else in the world. The Box jellyfish has killed more people in Australia than stonefish, sharks and crocodiles combined

Kangaroos and emus cannot walk backward, one of the reasons that they’re on the Australian coat of arms.

An Australian election TV debate was rescheduled so it didn’t conflict with the finale of reality cooking show Masterchef.


Popular’s food in

Austrália 1. Pies

Different sizes, flavors and prices the pies are easily found in and restaurants. Especially the meat pie.

2. “Barbie”

It is very typical the Australian gather family and friends after a day of work to eat usually lamb, sausage and shrimp. Going to Australia and not eating Barber is like going to Switzerland and not eating chocolate.

3. BALMAIN BUG

This lobster species lives in shallow waters near Australia and New Zealand. Much appreciated in the gastronomy, is found in the supermarket, fresh and delicious dishes of restaurants specializing in seafood.


4. VEGEMITE

Hardly finds Vegemite in another country . It is a salty paste with very spicy ingredients made with Yeasts present in beer. Is a traditional food made to eat with breads and toast. Vegemite is like margarine for Brazilians.

5. BUSH FOOD

They are meats and wild fruits. Exotic meats like kangaroo and, crocodiles are easily found for sale. Friends gather to harvest fresh fruits such as blackberries, passion fruit, quandong and kutjera. The food was used by the first inhabitants as a way of survival.

6. PAVLOVLA

This candy with weird name is simply WONDERFUL !! Is a typical dessert . Usually are fruit tarts, and the most traditional are strawberry, meringue and fruits of the region.

7. ANZAC COOKIE

This cookie-cutter cookie is a commemoration of members of the Australian and New Zealand Armed Forces (Anzac) who fought in World War I. Initially it was made by women and sent to the soldiers, for being nutritious and not being perishable.


Some of the nature reserves of

AUSTRALIA This big country can be compared to the Brazil in their points of views on ecotourism. Several of its natural reserves were listed as natural heritages attracting tourists from all over the world. Actually, it is a huge island. With more than 500 ( five hundred) national parks, of which 19 are declared as World Heritage Site.

regions to deserts, forests and maritime áreas. Are places to enjoy and learn about environment, heritage and culture of Australia, such as: *Meet the aboriginal elderly. *Snorkel on the great barrier reef *Tasmania wildlife trekking and very more. But let’s see some more visited.

1) Kakadu National Park – The Australian natural parks the largest park in Australia. are found in several diversi- Formed by marshes and lush fied landscapes: from alpine waterfalls home of several na-

tive birds. Its many Waters now habited by crocodiles were the main source of survival for aboriginal populations in the region. In the present day still finds the legacy of this people in cave paintings on the walls of the caves. 2) Litchfield National Park – Is located near the Kakadu and is the favorite point of adventurers and trekking. Has easy access to the campsites. Most stands out here are the casca-


5) Flinders Case National Park – Located on the Kangaroo island. Therefore on this island lives the famous animal that is symbol of the country, the kangaroo. There are also koalas that sleep in the trees and sea lions. In the evening the place gets a special shine because of the Remarkable Rocks which are numerous and very diferentes. Are especific to the place in South Australia.

das Florence, Tolmer and Wangi. Are several waterfalls where we can swim. We can also know the limestone dormes and the ruins of mining áreas. 3) The Great Barrier Reef – This famous Australian coral reef extends over 2000 kilometers on the coast of Queensland gives it an incredible dimension to the point of observing it through space. You can see the bottom of the sea with the aid of a boat with underwater visiono or snorkeling aboard the continental shelf in Cairns. On this platform you can find sea stars, crabs, corals, various colorful fishs, mollusks and numerous sea turtles. 4) Whitesunday Islands – The coral reef is the main point of visitor of the state Queensland. But these islands are one of several nature protection zones with a high rate of visitation. A region spread over 74 different islands. Here there is a beautiful landscape of a White sand beach and blue turquoise water to cobalt. The feeling is that if you are inside a frame or a photograph.


SPORTS IN AUSTRALIA “Talking about sports, australians are so much competitive, than, they have much interest about many kinds of sports. Australia is a country that has one of the most rich and interesting sport culture to analyze, especially because it was created from the English and Britsh cultures. “ “The sports in Australia are favored because of climate that is appropriate to practice them at free air. For example:” •

RUBGY: Is the most popular sport in Australia. There are two kinds of it: the Rugby Union and Rugby League. These two types got up by external factors throughout the country's history. Nowadays, they have some differences about the rules, such as: numbers of players, kinds of balls and fields. CRICKET: tradicional sport wich has English culture influence. It was so much eletiste, but , today it can be practiced by everyone.

• AUSTRALIAN FOOT: it is a kind of american football that has an interesting detail: the athlets play without no protect.” • “Anothers Australian sports are: Motorsports, Horse Racing, Cyclim, Swimming.”


AUSTRALIA IN THE OLYMPICS AND WORLD CUPS

“About olympic games, Australia has been present in many of them. Been host twice: in 1956 (Melbourne) and in 2000 (Sidney), finishing in third and forth places with golden medals on score board” Many of these golden medals were won on the swimming, ciclism and rowing sports. These good results

came especially from the great financial support of the government. Australia isn’t a tradicional soccer team, but, despite of it hasn’t won any FIFA’s World Cup, it participed by many times. The Socceroos, the oficial Australian’s soccer team, got the Asia Cup in 2015 and the OFC’s Nation Cup by four times.


Games 1896 Athens 1900 Paris 1904 St. Louis

Athlete 1 3 2

1908 London

29

1912 Stockholm

28

1920 Antwerp 1924 Paris 1928 Amsterdam 1932 Los Angeles 1936 Berlin 1948 London 1952 Helsinki 1956 Melbourne/Estockholm (host) 1960 Rome 1964 Tokyo 1968 Mexico City 1972 Munich 1976 Montreal 1980 Moscow 1984 Los Angeles 1988 Seoul 1992 Barcelona 1996 Atlanta 2000 Sydney (host) 2004 Atenas 2008 Beijing 2012 London 2016 Rio de Janeiro Total (AUSTRALIA) Total (AUSTRALASIA)

13 37 18 12 33 77 85 314 188 234 175 173 184 123 240 270 290 424 630 482 433 410 421

Word Cup performance Year Phase

Gold 2 2 0

0 3 1 3 0 2 6 13 8 6 5 8 0 2 4 3 7 9 16 17 14 8 8 147 3

Silver 0 0 0

Bronze 0 3 0

Total 2 5 0

Position 8 9 – 11

As part of

Australasia

As part of 2 1 2 1 0 6 2 8 8 2 7 7 1 2 8 6 9 9 25 16 15 15 11 163 4

Australasia 1 2 1 1 1 5 3 14 6 10 5 2 4 5 12 5 11 23 17 17 17 12 10 187 4

3 6 4 5 1 13 11 35 22 18 17 17 5 9 24 14 27 41 58 50 46 35 29 497 11

16 11 19 10 30 14 9 3 5 8 9 6 32 15 14 15 10 7 4 4 6 9 10 11

12

Position

Games

Victory

Tie

Defeat

Goals Pro

Goals Against

1930

Didin’t participate

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1934

Didin’t participate

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1938

Didin’t participate

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1950

Didin’t participate

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1954

Didin’t participate

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1958

Didin’t participate

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1962

Didin’t participate

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1966

Didin’t participate

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1970

Didin’t participate

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1974

Groups phase

14/16

3

0

1

2

0

5

1978

Didin’t participate

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1982

Didin’t participate

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1986

Didin’t participate

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1990

Didin’t participate

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1994

Didin’t participate

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1998

Didin’t participate

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Didin’t participate

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2006

Eighth of the final

16/32

4

1

1

2

5

6

2010

Groups phase

21/32

3

1

1

1

3

6

2014

Groups phase

30/32

3

0

0

3

3

9

2018 2022

Groups phase

2002

2026 Total

30/32

3

0

1

2

2

5

A definition

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

To be defined

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

16

2

4

10

13

31

5/21


Tourist points of Australia Sidney

Melbourne

Sidney is the largest city in Australia and the best know it is a city full of surprises and attractions. • Ferry ride through Sidney bay • Famous bridge Harbor Bregge. • Bond beach, one of the most, famous beaches in the world. • Learn to surf • Sidney opera • The walks in the mountains

Mebourne, Victoria is the second largest city in Australia, it is an urban city with a lively cultural life, with concert, theaters an ballads besides bars and café restaurant and stands. Exemple formula 1, and also stroll the streets. It`s a great place to shop. Pedaling and walking in the Royal botanic, cultural festivals, art exhibitions and tasting the cuisine.

NATIONAL PARK KAKADU

Tasmania

This park is in northern Australia and a heritage of mankind, here you have old paintings, waterfalls and crocodiles.

Tasmania: with landscapes and natural beauties, is a must for tourists, the island is famous for Tasmanian devil, who inspired character of the cartoons, full of beautiful beaches and tourist attractions. And also with tasting of great wines.

Valley Barossa

There are more than 50 wineries, and this circuit can be done by bicycle. The Barossa region comes from this. The famous Jacob`s Creek wines are produced in this region.


Revista do Celin - Australia  

Revista do Celin, produzida como tarefa do curso.

Revista do Celin - Australia  

Revista do Celin, produzida como tarefa do curso.

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