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bahamas Population: 331 278 Income group: High Gross national income per capita: $18 570

Institutional Framework

Data

Lead agency

Road Traffic Department Yes

Funded in national budget

National road safety strategy

Yes Yes Yes

Measurable targets Funded

Reported road traffic fatalities (2007)

50d (90% males, 10% females)

Reported non-fatal road traffic injuries (2005)

1 682e

Costing study available

No

d e

Police data, defined as died within 1 year and 1 day. Health data.

national legislation Speed limits set nationally

Yes No 48 km/h

Local authorities can set lower limits Maximum limit urban roads Enforcementa

Drink–driving law

BAC limit – general population BAC limit – young or novice drivers Random breath testing and/or police checkpoints Road traffic deaths involving alcohol Enforcementa

Yes 0.08 g/dl 0.08 g/dl Yes 5%b 3

Motorcycle helmet law

Yes Yes Yes 10–15%c

Applies to all riders Helmet standards mandated Helmet wearing rate Enforcementa

3

Seat-belt law

Applies to all occupants Seat-belt wearing rate Enforcementa

Cyclists (22%) Drivers 4-wheelers (42%) Riders motorized 2- or 3-wheelers (14%)

Passengers 4-wheelers (22%)

Yes Yes —

Source: Country questionnaire

0

Child restraints law

Enforcementa

DEATHS BY ROAD USER CATEGORY

5

Yes

Trends In Road Traffic Deaths

0

100

a

Number of road traffic deaths

Enforcement score represents consensus based on professional opinion of respondents, on a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 is not effective and 10 is highly effective. 2007, from hospital reports. c Estimation by consensus group. b

VEHICLE STANDARDS

No car manufacturers Road safety audits

Formal audits required for major new road construction projects Regular audits of existing road infrastructure

Yes Yes

Promoting alternative transport

National policies to promote walking or cycling National policies to promote public transportation

— Data not available.

60 40 20 0 2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Year

No No

Post-CRASH care

Formal, publicly available pre-hospital care system National universal access number

80

Source: Ministry of Health

registered Vehicles — —

27 058 total (2007) Registered vehicle types: data not available Data cleared by the Ministry of Transport.


bARbADos Population: 293 891 Income group: middle gross national income per capita: $11 290

InstItutIonAl FRAmewoRk

DAtA

lead agency

No n/a

Funded in national budget

national road safety strategy

Multiple n/a n/a

Measurable targets Funded

Reported road traffic fatalities (2007)

38c (62% males, 37% females)

Reported non-fatal road traffic injuries (2007)

2 372d

Costing study available

No

c d

Police data, defined as died within 1 year of the crash. Actual data collected by Royal Barbados Police Force.

nAtIonAl legIslAtIon speed limits set nationally

Local authorities can set lower limits Maximum limit urban roads Enforcementa

Yes No 60 km/h

Drink–driving law

BAC limit – general population BAC limit – young or novice drivers Random breath testing and/or police checkpoints Road traffic deaths involving alcohol Enforcementa 2

motorcycle helmet law

Applies to all riders Helmet standards mandated Helmet wearing rate Enforcementa

seat-belt law

Applies to all occupants Seat-belt wearing rate Enforcementa

Child restraints law

Enforcementa

a b

DeAtHs by RoAD useR CAtegoRy

5 Yes Noneb Noneb Yes —

Pedestrians (18%) Drivers 4-wheelers (24%)

Riders motorized 2- or 3-wheelers (8%)

Yes Yes Yes —

Passengers 4-wheelers (50%)

8 Yes Yes —

Source: 2007, Royal Barbados Police Force

8 Yes

tRenDs In RoAD tRAFFIC DeAtHs

7

Enforcement score represents consensus based on professional opinion of respondents, on a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 is not effective and 10 is highly effective. Drink–driving not defined by BAC limit.

VeHICle stAnDARDs

DA

RoAD sAFety AuDIts

Formal audits required for major new road construction projects Regular audits of existing road infrastructure

OT

N TA

No car manufacturers

A

LE

AB

IL VA

No No

PRomotIng AlteRnAtIVe tRAnsPoRt

National policies to promote walking or cycling National policies to promote public transportation

No No RegIsteReD VeHICles

Post-CRAsH CARe

Formal, publicly available pre-hospital care system National universal access number — Data not available. n/a Data not required/not applicable.

Yes Yes

126 262 total (2007) Motorcars Motorized 2- and 3-wheelers Minibuses, vans, etc. (seating <20) Trucks Buses Other

82% 2% 8% 4% <1% 4%

Data cleared by the Ministry of Health, National Insurance and Social Security.


British virgin islands a

a

Non WHO member-area.

Population: 23 000 Income group: High Gross national income per capita: $43 686 Institutional Framework

Data

Lead agency

No n/a

Funded in national budget

National road safety strategy

No (subnational) n/a n/a

Measurable targets Funded

Reported road traffic fatalities (2007)

6d (67% males, 33% females)

Reported non-fatal road traffic injuries (2007)

132e

Costing study available

No

d e

Police data, defined as died within 1 year and 1 day of the crash. Police records.

national legislation Speed limits set nationally

Yes No 32 km/h

Local authorities can set lower limits Maximum limit urban roads Enforcementb

Drink–driving law

Yes 0.08 g/dl 0.08 g/dl Yes 4%c —

BAC limit – general population BAC limit – young or novice drivers Random breath testing and/or police checkpoints Road traffic deaths involving alcohol Enforcementb

Motorcycle helmet law

Applies to all riders Helmet standards mandated Helmet wearing rate Enforcementb

Yes — No —

Riders motorized 2- or 3-wheelers (17%) Drivers 4-wheelers (33%) Passengers 4-wheelers (50%)

3

Seat-belt law

Yes Yes 80%c

Applies to all occupants Seat-belt wearing rate Enforcementb

Source: 2007, Police department

7

Child restraints law

Enforcementb

DEATHS BY ROAD USER CATEGORY

6

Yes 5

Trends In Road Traffic Deaths 8

Enforcement score represents consensus based on professional opinion of respondents, on a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 is not effective and 10 is highly effective. 2007, Police observational data.

c

VEHICLE STANDARDS Car manufacturers required to adhere to standards on

Fuel consumption Seat-belt installation for all seats

Yes Yes

Road safety audits

Formal audits required for major new road construction projects Regular audits of existing road infrastructure

— —

Number of road traffic deaths

b

6 4 2 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Year

Promoting alternative transport

National policies to promote walking or cycling National policies to promote public transportation

Source: Royal Virgin Islands Police Force

No No

registered Vehicles

Post-CRASH care

Formal, publicly available pre-hospital care system National universal access number — Data not available. n/a Data not required/not applicable.

Yes Yes

14 505 total (2007) Registered vehicle types: data not available Data cleared by the Ministry of Health and Social Development.


Cuba Population: 11 267 883 Income group: Middle Gross national income per capita: $4 571

Institutional Framework

Data

Lead agency

Reported road traffic fatalities (2007) 994f (79% males, 21% females)

National Highway and Transportation Commission Funded in national budget No

National road safety strategy

Multiple n/a n/a

Measurable targets Funded

Reported non-fatal road traffic injuries (2007)

7 507g

Costing study available

Yes (deaths and injuries)

f g

Health data, defined as died within 1 year of the crash. National Transportation Directorate data.

national legislation Speed limits set nationally

Yes No 50 km/h

Local authorities can set lower limits Maximum limit urban roads Enforcementa

5

Drink–driving law

BAC limit – general population BAC limit – young or novice drivers Random breath testing and/or police checkpoints Road traffic deaths involving alcohol Enforcementa

Yes Noneb Noneb Yes 30%c 4

Motorcycle helmet law

Yes Yes No 95%d 8

Applies to all riders Helmet standards mandated Helmet wearing rate Enforcementa

Seat-belt law

Applies to all occupants Seat-belt wearing rate Enforcementa

DEATHS BY ROAD USER CATEGORY

Unspecified (12%) Other (8%)

Enforcementa

Cyclists (14%) Pedestrians (33%)

Source: 2007, Ministry of Health

8 No n/a

Trends In Road Traffic Deaths 25

Enforcement score represents consensus based on professional opinion of respondents, on a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 is not effective and 10 is highly effective. Drink–driving not defined by BAC limit. 2007, Forensic Medicine Institute, Ministry of Public Health. 2007, National Transportation Directorate, Ministry of Internal Affairs. 2007, National Transportation Directorate, Ministry of Internal Affairs, only applies to cars with seatbelts or those manufactured after 2001.

b c d e

VEHICLE STANDARDS

No car manufacturers

15 10 5

1972

No No

Promoting alternative transport Yes No

Post-CRASH care

n/a Data not required/not applicable.

20

0

Road safety audits

Formal audits required for major new road construction projects Regular audits of existing road infrastructure

Deaths per 100 000 population

a

Formal, publicly available pre-hospital care system National universal access number

Riders motorized 2- or 3-wheelers (12%)

Bus passengers (3%)

Yes No 70% Fronte

Child restraints law

National policies to promote walking or cycling National policies to promote public transportation

Occupants 4-wheelers (18%)

Yes Yes

1977

1982

1987

1992

1997

2002

2007

Year Source: National Statistics Directorate, Ministry of Public Health, 2006–2007

registered Vehicles

658 003 total (2008) Motorcars Motorized 2- and 3-wheelers Minibuses, vans, etc. (seating <20) Trucks Buses Other

36% 33% 13% 13% 3% 2%

Data cleared by the Ministry of Public Health.


dominican republic Population: 9 759 664 Income group: Middle Gross national income per capita: $3 550 Institutional Framework

Data

Lead agency

No n/a

Reported road traffic fatalities (2007) 1 414d (83% males, 17% females)

National road safety strategy

No n/a n/a

Reported non-fatal road traffic injuries (2007)

Funded in national budget Measurable targets Funded

1 121e

Costing study available

No

d

National Police and General Ground Travel Bureau data, defined as died at the crash scene. Police data.

e

national legislation Speed limits set nationally

Local authorities can set lower limits Maximum limit urban roads Enforcementa

Yes No 35 km/h

Pedestrians (5%)

2

Drink–driving law

Yes Noneb Noneb Yes —

BAC limit – general population BAC limit – young or novice drivers Random breath testing and/or police checkpoints Road traffic deaths involving alcohol Enforcementa 2

Motorcycle helmet law

Applies to all riders Helmet standards mandated Helmet wearing rate Enforcementa

DEATHS BY ROAD USER CATEGORY

Yes — Yes —

Riders motorized 2- or 3-wheelers (8%)

Drivers 4-wheelers (42%)

Passengers 4-wheelers (45%)

2

Seat-belt law

Applies to all occupants Seat-belt wearing rate Enforcementa

Yes No 55–60% Frontc

Source: 2007, General Ground Travel Bureau

6

Child restraints law

Enforcementa

No n/a

a

Enforcement score represents consensus based on professional opinion of respondents, on a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 is not effective and 10 is highly effective. b Drink–driving not defined by BAC limit. c 2006, General Ground Travel Bureau, study involving drivers and front-seat passengers only.

VEHICLE STANDARDS

Trends In Road Traffic Deaths Year

deaths

2005 2006 2007

1 366 1 386 1 414

No car manufacturers Source: Country questionnaire

Road safety audits

Formal audits required for major new road construction projects Regular audits of existing road infrastructure

No No

Promoting alternative transport

National policies to promote walking or cycling National policies to promote public transportation

No Yes

Post-CRASH care

Formal, publicly available pre-hospital care system National universal access number — Data not available. n/a Data not required/not applicable.

Yes Yes

registered Vehicles

2 121 244 total (2007) Motorcars Motorized 2- and 3-wheelers Minibuses, vans, etc. (seating <20) Trucks Buses Other

28% 44% 8% 16% 2% <1%

Data cleared by the Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance.


guyana Population: 737 906 Income group: Middle Gross national income per capita: $1 300

Institutional Framework

Data

Lead agency

Reported road traffic fatalities (2007) 207c (74% males, 25% females)

Ministry of Home Affairs Yes

Funded in national budget

National road safety strategy

Reported non-fatal road traffic injuries (2006)

No n/a n/a

Measurable targets Funded

1 356d

Costing study available

Yes (deaths and injuries)

c

Police data, defined as death resulting from injuries due to a road accident event (time period not specified). Ministry of Home Affairs data.

d

national legislation Speed limits set nationally

Other (3%)

4

Drink–driving law

Yes 0.08 g/dl 0.08 g/dl Yes — —

BAC limit – general population BAC limit – young or novice drivers Random breath testing and/or police checkpoints Road traffic deaths involving alcohol Enforcementa

Motorcycle helmet law

Drivers 4-wheelers (10%) Passsengers 4-wheelers (25%)

Pedestrians (30%)

Yes Yesb No —

Applies to all riders Helmet standards mandated Helmet wearing rate Enforcementa

Cyclists (16%)

Riders motorized 2- or 3-wheelers (16%)

5

Seat-belt law

Yes No —

Applies to all occupants Seat-belt wearing rate Enforcementa

Source: 2007, Guyana Police Force – Traffic Headquarters

7

Child restraints law

Enforcementa

DEATHS BY ROAD USER CATEGORY

Yes No 48 km/h

Local authorities can set lower limits Maximum limit urban roads Enforcementa

Trends In Road Traffic Deaths

Yes 0

250

a

Number of road traffic deaths

Enforcement score represents consensus based on professional opinion of respondents, on a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 is not effective and 10 is highly effective. b Some exceptions.

VEHICLE STANDARDS

No car manufacturers Road safety audits

Formal audits required for major new road construction projects Regular audits of existing road infrastructure

No Yes

150 100 50 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Year

Promoting alternative transport

National policies to promote walking or cycling National policies to promote public transportation

200

Source: Traffic Headquarters

No No registered Vehicles

Post-CRASH care

Formal, publicly available pre-hospital care system National universal access number — Data not available. n/a Data not required/not applicable.

Yes n/a

127 825 total (2008) Motorcars Motorized 2- and 3-wheelers Minibuses, vans, etc. (seating <20) Trucks Other

35% 29% 15% 7% 14%

Data cleared by the Ministry of Health.


jamaica Population: 2 713 779 Income group: Middle Gross national income per capita: $3 710

Institutional Framework Lead agency

Funded in national budget

Data National Road Safety Council Yes

National road safety strategy

Yes Yes Yes

Measurable targets Funded

Reported road traffic fatalities (2007) 350c (80% males, 20% females) Reported non-fatal road traffic injuries (2007)

14 069d

Costing study available

No

c c

Police data, defined as died within 30 days of the crash. Health data.

national legislation Speed limits set nationally

Yes No 50 km/h

Local authorities can set lower limits Maximum limit urban roads Enforcementa

3

Drink–driving law

Yes 0.08 g/dl 0.08 g/dl No —

BAC limit – general population BAC limit – young or novice drivers Random breath testing and/or police checkpoints Road traffic deaths involving alcohol Enforcementa 2 Applies to all riders Helmet standards mandated Helmet wearing rate Enforcementa

Seat-belt law

Applies to all occupants Seat-belt wearing rate Enforcementa

Yes Yes Yes 7% Drivers, 6% Passengersb 3

Pedestrians (31%)

Cyclists (8%)

Enforcementa

Trends In Road Traffic Deaths

Enforcement score represents consensus based on professional opinion of respondents, on a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 is not effective and 10 is highly effective. b 2000, Healthy Lifestyle Survey.

VEHICLE STANDARDS Car manufacturers required to adhere to standards on

Fuel consumption Seat-belt installation for all seats

No Yes

Road safety audits

Formal audits required for major new road construction projects Regular audits of existing road infrastructure

No No

Promoting alternative transport

20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1991

1993

1995

1997

1999

2001

2003

2005

2007

Year

Yes Yes

Post-CRASH care

Formal, publicly available pre-hospital care system National universal access number

Source: 2007, Police Traffic Headquarters, Jamaica Constabulary Force

Yes 4

a

National policies to promote walking or cycling National policies to promote public transportation

Passsengers 4-wheelers (29%)

Riders motorized 2- or 3-wheelers (9%)

Yes Yes 69% Drivers, 62% Passengersb 5

Child restraints law

— Data not available. n/a Data not required/not applicable.

Drivers 4-wheelers (23%)

Deaths per 100 000 population

Motorcycle helmet law

DEATHS BY ROAD USER CATEGORY

Source: Jamaica Constabulary Force

registered Vehicles No n/a

320 000 total (2007) Registered vehicle types: data not available Data cleared by the Ministry of Health.


sAInt luCIA Population: 164 924 Income group: middle gross national income per capita: $5 349

InstItutIonAl FRAmewoRk

DAtA

lead agency

Road Transport Board No

Funded in national budget

national road safety strategy

No n/a n/a

Measurable targets Funded

Reported road traffic fatalities (2007)

30b (83% males, 17% females)

Reported non-fatal road traffic injuries (2006)

590c

Costing study available

Yes (deaths and injuries)

b c

Traffic Department (Police), defined as died within 1 year of the crash. Traffic Police.

nAtIonAl legIslAtIon speed limits set nationally

Local authorities can set lower limits Maximum limit urban roads Enforcementa

Yes No 32 km/h 0

Drink–driving law

BAC limit – general population BAC limit – young or novice drivers Random breath testing and/or police checkpoints Road traffic deaths involving alcohol Enforcementa 1

Yes 0.08 g/dl 0.08 g/dl Yes —

motorcycle helmet law

Yes Yes — —

seat-belt law

Yes No —

Applies to all riders Helmet standards mandated Helmet wearing rate Enforcementa Applies to all occupants Seat-belt wearing rate Enforcementa

Child restraints law

Enforcementa

a

DeAtHs by RoAD useR CAtegoRy Pedestrians (11%) Drivers 4-wheelers (50%)

Passengers 4-wheelers (39%)

8 Source: Royal Saint Lucia Police Force

7 No n/a

tRenDs In RoAD tRAFFIC DeAtHs

Enforcement score represents consensus based on professional opinion of respondents, on a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 is not effective and 10 is highly effective.

VeHICle stAnDARDs

No car manufacturers

T

DA

RoAD sAFety AuDIts

Formal audits required for major new road construction projects Regular audits of existing road infrastructure

V

TA

O AN

E

BL

A AIL

No No

PRomotIng AlteRnAtIVe tRAnsPoRt

National policies to promote walking or cycling National policies to promote public transportation

No No RegIsteReD VeHICles

Post-CRAsH CARe

Formal, publicly available pre-hospital care system National universal access number — Data not available. n/a Data not required/not applicable.

Yes Yes

49 700 total (2007) Motorcars Motorized 2- and 3-wheelers Minibuses, vans, etc. (seating <20) Trucks Buses Other

60% 2% 13% 23% <1% 2%

Data cleared by the Ministry of Health, Wellness, Human Services, Family Affairs, National Mobilization and Gender Relations.


sainT vincent & the gRenadines

a

a

Questionnaire completed by National Data Coordinator (no consensus meeting).

Population: 120 402 Income group: Middle Gross national income per capita: $4 210

Institutional Framework Lead agency

Funded in national budget

Data Ministry of National Security Yes

National road safety strategy

No n/a n/a

Measurable targets Funded

Reported road traffic fatalities (2007)

9e (86% males, 14% females)

Reported non-fatal road traffic injuries (2007)

168f

Costing study available

No

e f

Health data, defined as died within 1 year of the crash. Police Force, Traffic Department, Health Planning Unit, Statistical Unit.

national legislation Speed limits set nationally

Yes No 32 km/h 4

Drink–driving law

Yes Nonec Nonec — — —

BAC limit – general population BAC limit – young or novice drivers Random breath testing and/or police checkpoints Road traffic deaths involving alcohol Enforcementb

Motorcycle helmet law

Cyclists (22%)

Yes No 90%d

Applies to all occupants Seat-belt wearing rate Enforcementb

9

Child restraints law

Yes

Enforcement score based on professional opinion of respondents, on a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 is not effective and 10 is highly effective. c Drink–driving not defined by BAC limit. d Estimated by respondents.

VEHICLE STANDARDS

No car manufacturers Road safety audits

Formal audits required for major new road construction projects Regular audits of existing road infrastructure

Trends In Road Traffic Deaths 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0

No No

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Year Source: Traffic Department, Police Headquarters

Promoting alternative transport No No

registered Vehicles

No n/a

24 334 total (2008) Motorcars Motorized 2- and 3-wheelers Minibuses, vans, etc. (seating <20) Trucks Buses Other

Post-CRASH care

— Data not available. n/a Data not required/not applicable.

Source: 2007, Police Force, Traffic Department

6

b

Formal, publicly available pre-hospital care system National universal access number

Pedestrians (33%)

9

Seat-belt law

National policies to promote walking or cycling National policies to promote public transportation

Drivers 4-wheelers (11%)

Passengers 4-wheelers (33%)

Yes Yes Yes —

Applies to all riders Helmet standards mandated Helmet wearing rate Enforcementb

Enforcementb

DEATHS BY ROAD USER CATEGORY

Number of road traffic deaths

Local authorities can set lower limits Maximum limit urban roads Enforcementb

38% 5% 44% 9% <1% 3%

Data cleared by the Ministry of Health and the Environment.


trinidad and tobago Population: 1 333 272 Income group: High Gross national income per capita: $14 100

Institutional Framework

Data

Lead agency

— —

Funded in national budget

National road safety strategy

Multiple n/a n/a

Measurable targets Funded

Reported road traffic fatalities (2007)

214b (77% males, 23% females)

Reported non-fatal road traffic injuries (2007)

2 918c

Costing study available

No

b

Traffic and Highway Patrol Branch, Trinidad and Tobago Police Service, defined as died within 1 year of the crash. Traffic and Highway Patrol Branch, Trinidad and Tobago Police Service.

c

national legislation Speed limits set nationally

Local authorities can set lower limits Maximum limit urban roads Enforcementa

Drink–driving law

BAC limit – general population BAC limit – young or novice drivers Random breath testing and/or police checkpoints Road traffic deaths involving alcohol Enforcementa 2

Yes No 50 km/h 3 Yes 0.08 g/dl 0.08 g/dl Yes —

Motorcycle helmet law

Yes Yes Yes —

Applies to all riders Helmet standards mandated Helmet wearing rate Enforcementa

Passengers 4-wheelers (28%)

Riders motorized 2- or 3-wheelers (2%)

Yes No —

Source: 2007, Traffic and Highway Patrol Branch, Trinidad and Tobago Police Service

6

Child restraints law

Enforcementa

Drivers 4-wheelers (34%) Pedestrians (32%)

Cyclists (4%)

9

Seat-belt law

Applies to all occupants Seat-belt wearing rate Enforcementa

DEATHS BY ROAD USER CATEGORY

Yes 6

Trends In Road Traffic Deaths

a

Enforcement score represents consensus based on professional opinion of respondents, on a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 is not effective and 10 is highly effective.

VEHICLE STANDARDS

No car manufacturers Road safety audits

Formal audits required for major new road construction projects Regular audits of existing road infrastructure

No No

240 200 160 120 80 40 0

Promoting alternative transport

National policies to promote walking or cycling National policies to promote public transportation

Number of road traffic deaths

280

No No

1972

1977

1982

1987

1992

1997

2002

2007

Year Source: Traffic and Highway, Patrol Branch

Post-CRASH care

Formal, publicly available pre-hospital care system National universal access number — Data not available. n/a Data not required/not applicable.

registered Vehicles Yes Yes

490 987 total (2007) Registered vehicle types: data not available Data cleared by the Ministry of Health.


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