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Preventing &Responding to Power-Based Violence

INSIDE - Informat ion about power-based violence - Guidance on how t o help someone who has been impact ed by violence - Knowledge t o help you posit ively impact t he campus communit y and prevent and respond t o act s of violence - Informat ion about campus prevent ion and response resources

Campus Advocat es Respond and Educat e (CARE) t o St op Violence CARE to Stop Violence is the free, confident ial victim/survivor advocacy, counseling, and education service on campus.

University Health Center Ground Floor Monday-Friday | 9 AM-5 PM No Appoint ment Needed Office | 301.314.2222 24/ 7 Crisis Line | 301.741.3442 Fall & Spring Semesters @CAREUM D

Video: Introduction to CARE Arabic, Chinese, English, French, and Spanish closed captioning isavailable on all videos under "settings."

POWER-BASEDVIOLENCE Power-based violence encompasses many forms of violence and includes sexual and relationship violence. Behaviors that are considered sexual or relationship violence include sexual assault, rape, relationship/dating/domestic violence, stalking, sexual intimidation, sexual exploitation, and sexual harassment. See the University of Maryland Sexual Misconduct Policy at for specific definitions of sexual misconduct. Unwant ed or non-consensual experiences t hat aren't reflect ed in t hese definit ions are st ill forms of violence and help is available at CARE.



Sexual and relationship Anyone can be a victim or violence doesn't happen survivor of sexual or because someone is lustful, relationship violence, drunk, or unable to control regardless of gender themselves. These acts of identity or expression, race violence and abuse are or ethnicity, sexual rooted in the desire for orientation, religion, age, people who perpetrate to ability level, socioeconomic exercise power status, immigration and control status, student over ANYONEWHOHASBEEN status, or any another IMPACTEDDESERVES other aspect of person. one's experiences TOBEHEARD, CARE uses BELIEVED,SUPPORTED, or identities. the term Women, LGBTQ+ ANDHELPED. power-based people, people of violence to color, and people with reflect that the root disabilities are more likely of this violence is not to experience sexual or sexual - it is based in and relationship violence in amplified by systems of their lifetime. power and oppression.

Video: Common Reactionsof Survivors of Power-Based Violence

EFFECTSONSURVIVORS Survivors of power-based violence may experience a multitude of effects, many of which are described in the video above. Most incidents of violence on campus are perpetrated by someone known to the survivor. Because of this and other factors, it may be difficult for survivors to define their experience(s) in legal terms. This may make talking about it to others, seeking help, or reporting the incident more difficult. It is vital that the person or people a survivor discloses to respond(s) in a way that is supportive, non-judgmental, and helpful.


Don?t ignore or avoid t he problem or t he person. You may feel afraid that you will say or do the wrong thing, or that you will make the situation worse. However, it usually just isolates the person. Ignoring it may make them feel as if you don?t care and it?s not going to help them get better.

Avoid asking ?why?quest ions or pressing for det ails. Avoid pressing them for details of what happened - it can be re-traumatizing. You can invite them to share as much or little as they'd like, but don?t push. ?Why?questions (like ?why did you do xyz??) can seem like you are blaming the person for their choices, rather than keeping responsibility for the incident with the person who perpetrated violence.

Pract ice pat ience. You might get frustrated sometimes if you feel that they aren't listening to your advice or your concerns, or taking action. That?s okay. It?s important for them to make their own decisions, even if they aren?t always decisions that you would choose. That doesn?t mean that you should isolate the person out of frustration. Try to be patient and keep letting them know you care.

Don?t force t hem t o do anyt hing. Offer options, but unless you think they are in immediate danger and you need to call 911, don?t force them to take any actions, like reporting an incident to the police or University.

Don?t assume t hat t hey can just ?get over it ." A traumatic experience may or may not lead to a survivor experiencing drug or alcohol abuse, eating concerns, self-injury behaviors, or depression. These are serious problems that require professional help and treatment and are not caused because the person is weak or not trying to get better. Healing is a process and can take time.

Use ?I?st at ement s when t alking t o t he person. Using ?you?statements can sound like you are blaming someone, even when you don?t intend to. Use ?I?statements when talking to them, e.g. ?I?ve noticed that you are eating very little, and I?m worried about you?rather than ?You aren?t eating enough.?

Responsible Universit y Employees Suggest t hey seek help. If the person is in medical danger or is talking about suicide, it's important to Step UP! and act by contacting 911. Although you should talk to the person before you do, you may not be able to convince them to seek help. If it?s not an emergency, offer to go with them to a confidential resource - it can help the process feel less intimidating.

Get support and informat ion for yourself. It can be helpful for you to talk to a professional who is bound by confidentiality. This can help you know what to do and give you a safe place to talk about your thoughts and feelings. You are welcome to talk with a CARE Advocate.

Keep t he person's informat ion confident ial. Don?t talk about their issues with other people, unless they've given you permission to do so. You can share your concern with others, but revealing information like the fact that they have experienced violence or have a specific diagnosis can be really harmful if they aren?t ready for other people to know - and sometimes there can be safety issues depending on their situation. Just because the person has talked to you about their issues does not mean that they are comfortable talking to anyone else or are comfortable with anyone else knowing. Respect their right to privacy and keep their information confidential, unless required to report (see Responsible University Employees).

Some University of Maryland employees are considered Responsible University Employees (RUEs) and are required to report instances of sexual misconduct that they become aware of. RUEs should tell a person disclosing (or potentially disclosing) about this requirement as early as possible in the conversation. This way, the survivor can decide whether to disclose to a non-confidential resource or not. Instructors: it may be helpful to make students aware of this requirement in class or in your syllabus, along with information about confidential resources they can use. For more information, visit:

CONFIDENTIALRESOURCES Confidential resources keep a survivor's information confidential, with some exceptions that may vary by office. Check the confidentiality policy of a resource or ask about it when contacting them. CARE to Stop Violence is the free, confident ial advocacy, counseling, and prevention education service on campus.

University Health Center Ground Floor M-F | 9 AM - 5 PM No Appoint ment Needed 301.314.2222

healt @CAREUMD 24/ 7 Crisis Line: 301.741.3442 Fall & Spring Semesters

UNIVERSITYHEALTHCENTER(UHC) Can provide medical evaluation and treatment.*

UHCBEHAVIORALHEALTHSERVICES Helps with mental & behavioral health concerns.

UHCFACULTYSTAFFASSISTANCEPROGRAM Assessments/referrals/counseling for faculty & staff.

COUNSELINGCENTER Counseling and other services for UMD students.

UNIVERSITYCHAPLAINS Supports the University community's spiritual needs. * Does not provide Sexual Assault Forensic Exams(SAFEs). Your local county/DC hospital can provide a SAFE.

All University of Maryland employees are mandated reporters of abuse of personsunder the age of 18.


Crisis intervention & emotional support


Assistance understanding options and the pros and cons of each option


Support for friends, family, partners, and others who care


Facilitation working with and information about: -

The Office of Civil Rights and Sexual Misconduct (OCRSM)


The Office of Student Conduct (OSC)


The Office of Rights and Responsibilities (ORR)


The Office of Public Safety/University of Maryland Police Department (UMPD)


Prince George's County Police/Justice System


Help with accessing medical care (including Sexual Assault Forensic Exams) on and off campus


Assistance with limited academic support


Short term counseling and/or referrals to campus and community resources


Support with finding legal assistance*


Limited financial assistance

Video: Frequently Asked Questions & Answers

*Free on-campuslegal assistance information sessionsmay be available. Contact CARE for availability information.


Non-confidential resources include all faculty, some staff members, police, campus conduct authorities, and others. When these resources are made aware of an incident, an investigation may or may not result, depending on a number of factors. If you are unsure whether or not a resource is confidential, check the confidentiality policies of the resource, ask about them when contacting the resource (before disclosing), or consult a confidential resource, like CARE, to discuss your options. A report to one entity may trigger a report or investigation by another entity.

Responsible for overseeing and implementing the University's response to sexual misconduct, including responsibility for all federal and state regulatory and statutory compliance efforts.

UNIVERSITYOFMARYLANDPOLICEDEPARTMENT (UMPD) UMD's campus law enforcement agency. Crimes involving sexual misconduct can be reported to UMPD.

OFFICEOFSTUDENTCONDUCT(OSC) Conducts disciplinary proceedings consistent with University policies for resolving allegations of misconduct, including sexual misconduct.


Video: How to Help Survivors

A unit of the Department of Residence Life. ORR administers rules and adjudicative processes for students in Commons, Courtyards, and Residence Halls.

YOUROPTIONS I have experienced or believe I may have experienced rape, sexual assault , relat ionship violence, st alking, sexual harassment or anot her unwant ed experience.

We encourage those seeking resources to start with the CARE office to support you in making the most informed decision about your next steps.

I want t o t alk t o someone about t he incident or my opt ions in a confident ial or anonymous manner.

CARE t o St op Violence or anot her confident ial resource

I would like support wit h t herapy, finances, accompaniment or t ransport at ion t o resources, or general emot ional support or informat ion.

CARE t o St op Violence

I would like support wit h academics or housing.

CARE t o St op Violence Office of Civil Right s and Sexual M isconduct (non-confidential) Universit y Healt h Cent er*

I would like medical care.

Local Hospit al (can provide Sexual Assault Forensic Exams) (click here or more information) Office of Civil Right s and Sexual M isconduct

I want t o report t he incident (s).

Office of St udent Conduct Office of Right s and Responsibilit ies Universit y of M aryland Police Depart ment

*CARE may be able to pay for or offset the cost of using University Health Center services.

CAREWORKSHOPS See website for

- St ep UP! | Bystander Intervention *

audience size

- Th e -C- Wor d is Con sen t | Sexual Violence & Consent

guidelines, workshop

- Don't Tu r n Red Flags Pin k | Relationship Violence *

details, and how to - Healt h y Relat ion sh ips & Bou n dar ies | Relationship Skills *

request a workshop.

- Th e Neu r obiology of Tr au m a & Healin g | Reactions to Trauma* - CARE 101 | Information about CARE's resources and services

Visit t h e " Get Edu cat ed & In volved"

- Student & faculty/staff versions available

page at

- Cu st om Wor k sh ops * A/V Required

W hen you not ice somet hing is wrong, you can St ep UP! and int ervene using one of t he 3 Ds!

h ealt h .u m / car e



Intervene in the moment to prevent a problem from occurring or escalating.

Interrupt the

Seek help from

situation without

someone better

direct confrontation.

equipped to handle the situation.


No matter your role on campus, there are ways you can Step UP! and prevent violence. We want to work with you ? please reach out!

TELLOTHERSABOUTCARE Let others know about the free and confidential services available. Announce this in-person, send an email, post it on ELMS, include it in your syllabus, display a slide during class transitions, create a bulletin board, keep brochures in your office/dorm, and more! Contact CARE to request materials.

ATTENDANEVENTABOUTPOWER-BASEDVIOLENCE Come to an event hosted by CARE, including The Clothesline Project (Oct & April), Purple Light Nights (Oct), The Neurobiology of Trauma & Healing (March), and Take Back the Night (April). Also look out for and attend events hosted by student groups and departments!

St ay up-t o-dat e at s

PEERPROGRAMS Joining a Peer Program is a great way to get involved in violence prevention and response on campus! CARE offers 3 Peer Programs that current undergraduate students can take part in: Peer Advocacy, Peer Education, and Peer Outreach. See more information and how to apply at:

PLAN&HOSTANEVENT Get support to plan and implement a power-based violence event, workshop, or program. CARE is available to table, speak at, or provide materials for events hosted by student groups or departments. Request event assist ance at :

Check out CARE's Event Planning Guide at : reach Planning


Photos by John T. Consoli/University of Maryland and CARE to Stop Violence

Profile for CAREUMD

Preventing & Responding to Power-Based Violence  

This guide, created by the University Health Center's Campus Advocates Respond and Educate (CARE) to Stop Violence Office, is intended to he...

Preventing & Responding to Power-Based Violence  

This guide, created by the University Health Center's Campus Advocates Respond and Educate (CARE) to Stop Violence Office, is intended to he...

Profile for careumd

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