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one essential element. From Engineers to Heavy Equipment Operators to Maintenance Craftsmen to Chemical Plant Operators, our employees are essential to our daily operations. Think about it. PotashCorp is essential.

For information on career opportunities contact Julie H. Potter jhpotter@potashcorp.com


Dear Student,     Congratulations!   It   is   important   for   students   to   start   the   career   planning   process   early,   and   you   have   taken   action   to   begin   that   process.     The   Career   Center   team   would   be   pleased   to   work   with   you   along   the   way   in   all   phases   of   your   career   preparation.     Whether   that   means   exploring   options  for  majors,  internships  and  careers,  developing  resumes  and  preparing  for  interviews,  connecting  with  employers,  or  conducting  a  full-­‐time   job  search,  we  offer  the  resources  to  meet  your  needs.    We  offer  services  to  all  majors  and  work  with  students  from  freshman  year  through  graduate   school.       This   Career   Resource   Guide   can   serve   as   a   valuable   tool   to   you   now   and   throughout   your   college   and   career   planning  years.     The   guide   will   support   you   with   relevant   examples   to   answer   many   of   your   career   related   questions   and   we   encourage   you   to   read   and   refer   to   this   guide   frequently.   Choose  to  be  proactive  this  year  and  include  the  Career  Center  to  support  your  future.  Some  of  the  opportunities  and  services  we  provide  include:       Walk-­In  Counseling  –  Brief  appointments  with  counselors  in  our  main  office,    11  a.m.-­‐3  p.m.,  Monday  –  Thursday    

Career Counseling   –   One   on   one   appointments   with   counselors   to   help   you   move   your   career   planning   forward   and   in   the   right   direction,     Monday  –  Friday,  8am-­‐5pm  fall,  spring,  and  summer  sessions   ECU  CareerNET  –  An  average  of  400+  internship  and  full-­‐time  career  opportunities  postings  in  our  online  career  management  system,  updated   daily  with  internships,  jobs,  and  information  and  interview  sessions  with  recruiters  visiting  campus    

Educational Programs   -­‐   The   job   search   process,   building   a   resume/cover   letter,   successful   interviewing,   using   social   media   to   conduct   an   effective  job  search,  preparation  for  graduate  school  and  numerous  employer  networking  events  

Networking Events   –   Job,   intern,   graduate   career   fairs,   on   campus   recruitment   for   full   time   career   opportunities,   employer   showcases,   professional  etiquette  dinner  with  employers  and  much  more  

POP Thursday  (Pirates  on  the  Porch)  -­‐  Connect  with  employers  on  Thursdays  throughout  the  year  in  a  relaxed  setting  from  2:00-­‐4:30  p.m.     For  the  most  up-­‐to-­‐date  information  on  our  events  and  services,  please  check  our  website  regularly  at  www.ecu.edu/career.    We  look  forward  to   working  with  you  along  every  step  of  your  career  journey!    I  wish  you  a  successful  year  and  a  rewarding  future.     Sincerely,     Karen  S.  Thompson   Director   The  Career  Center  at  East  Carolina  University    

Mission   The  Career  Center  at  ECU  supports  and  empowers  students  in  their  career  development  to  succeed  as  professionals  in  a  global  community.     Values   • Empowerment:  Students  will  be  empowered  to  make  informed  career  decisions   • Collaboration:    Through  building  relationship  with  faculty,  staff,  and  employers  students  will  establish  valuable  career  connections   • Development:    Student  development  is  enhanced  by  self-­‐exploration  and  discovery   • Preparation:    We  prepare  and  engage  students  to  become  professional  sin  a  changing  global  workforce.     Vision   East  Carolina  University  graduates  are  prepared  to  pursue  an  manage  their  careers  within  a  global  community    

  The  Office  of  the  Career  Center  at  East  Carolina  University  publishes  the  Career  Resource  Guide  as  a  tool  for  students  to  assist  them  in  developing  their  career  plans  and  the  skills  and   relationships  necessary  to  pursue  their  post-­‐graduate  goals.    It  is  best  used  to  complement  the  full  array  of  services,  programs,  and  resources  offered  by  our  office.       ©Copyright  2012  by  the  Trustees  of  East  Carolina  University   No  part  of  this  publication  may  be  reproduced  without  written  permission.  


Table of Contents Welcome Letter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

What We Can Do for You   Services and Programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3   Connect to The Career Center at ECU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Career Exploration & Research   Career Exploration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6     •  Focus     •  MBTI

CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE The Career Center at East Carolina University

Resumes and Cover Letters   Resumes 101 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8   Optimal Resume. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9   Resume Samples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10   Resume Power Verbs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  Correspondence. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14   Cover Letter Samples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15   Prospect Letter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16   Cover Letter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16    Other Letter Samples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17  References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Interviews   Interview Success. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19   Questions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21   Dressing for the Interview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

Jobs & Internships        

Set Up Your ECU CareerNET Account. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Getting the Most Out of a Career Fair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Job Search Strategies: Pros and Cons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Identify Employers in Your Field! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

23 24 25 26

Networking        

Network Your Way to a Job. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Develop Your Power Greeting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Use Social Networking to Find a Job . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Informational Interviewing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

27 28 29 30

Graduate School   Considering Graduate School?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31   Write a Personal Statement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

Advertiser Index Centennial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inside Back Cover Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inside Front Cover Earth Share . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Naval Air Systems Civilian Command (NAVAIR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 PotashCorp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inside Front Cover Sanderson Farms, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 SunDance Rehabilitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inside Back Cover ToGetHerThere.org . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 U.S. Department of State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Rights - All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission of the publisher. © Copyright 2012 College Recruitment Media, Inc. 2051/2 W. State Street Geneva, Illinois 60134 630.938.0200 | CRMpubs.com


Services and Programs The Career Center at ECU offers comprehensive services and a variety of resources and programs designed to help you reach your career goals.

SERVICES Individual Career Counseling During individual appointments, Career Counselors provide one-on-one in-depth advice on topics including: Major Exploration/Choosing a Major Career Exploration General Career Counseling/Coaching Resumes, CV and Cover Letter Critiques Graduate School Preparation Job Search (part-time, full-time) Internship Search Interview Preparation Practice Interviews Job Offer Evaluation/Negotiation In addition to one-on-one guidance, we provide handouts, sample documents, online resume writing software and even electronic portfolio software to help you design creative, targeted job search correspondence.

Walk-In Counseling Meet with a counselor for answers to quick questions, resume and cover letter reviews, or an introduction to our services and resources. These 15 minute appointments are available from 11 am - 3 pm Monday through Thursday when classes are in session. No appointment is needed.

On-line Job Listings—ECU CareerNET

Advanced Technology and Virtual Career Services The Career Center at ECU uses a variety of methods to provide services to students at a distance. For individuals who are not able to meet face-to-face with a counselor, meetings can be held via phone, e-mail or Skype. Online tools such as ECU CareerNET and Optimal Resume are available on the Career Center website to assist in job and internship searches, resume development, and interview practice. Students can also connect with our office via Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, LinkedIn and the Inner Pirate Network (IPN).

PROGRAMS On-Campus Recruiting Each semester, a wide range of employers from various industries visit the Career Center to recruit students and conduct information sessions about their organizations. On-campus recruiting offers you a chance to meet potential employers, learn about career opportunities, and interview for job openings with employers.

Professional Development We offer a unique variety of programs, workshops and events throughout the year designed to help you move your career forward.

POP Thursdays - Pirates on the Porch On Thursdays from 2:00 pm - 4:30 pm, The Career Center holds a POP event where different employers are hosted at the Main Office, located at 701 East Fifth Street.

Resume Blitzes

ECU CareerNET is the Career Center’s exclusive job and internship database where you can find employers and hundreds of employers can find you.

Resume critiques by Career Counselors are held at various locations on both east and west campuses throughout the year.

Discovery Tools

Professional Etiquette Dinners

Not sure about your future plans? The Career Center offers FOCUS 2 and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) tools to help you assess, discover or clarify possible majors and careers. Some tools are free and some require a nominal fee. See the Career Assessment section of this guide for additional information and resources.

Practice Interviews Practice interviews offer students and alumni the opportunity to practice and develop their interview skills by meeting with counseling staff and professionals from a variety of fields for face to face, phone, or Skype interview sessions.

Class and Group Presentations Topics such as choosing a major, career fair preparation, managing a job search, resume writing, interviewing and graduate school preparation are available on request to classes and campus groups.

The Career Center holds a Professional Etiquette Dinner in the fall semester to introduce students to dinner etiquette. Through this program, students learn how to project competence and confidence in professional and dining encounters. Join us for a special evening of food and entertainment as we explore with a nationally known Professional Etiquette Consultant.

H.I.R.E.D. Mock Interviews H.I.R.E.D.—Helping Individuals Reach Employment Destinations is a practice interview program that provides students the opportunity to practice and polish their interview skills with professionals through face-to-face and phone sessions.

Career Fairs Career Fairs offer an opportunity to network and talk face-toface with a wide range of employers. Career Fairs are offered

The Career Center at East Carolina University  •  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  www.ecu.edu/career  3

What We Do

What We Can Do for You


What We Do

in the fall and spring semesters and bring together employers and recruiters from local, national and global companies, nonprofits and government organizations interested in recruiting from ECU’s talented and diverse students and alumni.

Graduate and Professional School Expo Students and alumni who are exploring the possibility of graduate studies will have the opportunity to meet with representatives from graduate and professional schools across the country.

Career Leadership Conference This conference educates students on various careerreadiness topics. Students can learn how to interview, create a resume, and strategies to create a successful career plan. In addition, current and former employers share their knowledge with students on how to be successful job candidates. The conference also includes an interactive lunch that teaches students dining etiquette for interviews.

Important Note! We send important messages about programs and events via email so make sure you add us to your “safe sender list” so our important announcements don’t end up in your spam folder. Check our website at www.ecu.edu/career frequently for the most up-to-date information on programs and events.

Connect to The Career Center at ECU Connect With Career Counselors CAREER COUNSELING—Career counselors are available to meet with individual students and alumni for all aspects of the career planning process. Call 252.328.6050 to schedule a phone, virtual or in-person appointment. WALK-IN HOURS—Meet with a counselor for answers to quick questions, resume and cover letter reviews, or an introduction to our services and resources. These 15-minute appointments are available from 11 am – 3 pm Monday through Thursday when classes are in session with no appointment needed. SATELLITE OFFICES—For hours, appointments and walk-in times, please call 252.328.6050 or visit ecu.edu/career. SCI-TECH 239 BATE 2008 RIVERS 140 LAUPUS 3508C RIVERS 135 BELK 3405

Main Office, Monday-Friday from 8:00 am – 5:00 pm Our Website Satellite Offices, Hours vary

701 E. 5th Street (Corner of 5th Street and Jarvis) www.ecu.edu/career

Connect to TCC With Social Media Utilize your social media to learn about upcoming events, services, resources, and up-to-date career advice:

Follow Us On:

Facebook.com/ecucareercenter

LinkedIn.com

@ECUCareerNET

YouTube.com/ecucareercenter

Connect to Internships, Jobs, and Employers – ECU CareerNET What is ECU CareerNET? ECU CareerNET is the Career Center’s exclusive job and internship database where you can find employers and employers can find you.

Ways to Use ECU CareerNET:

•  •  •  •  •  • 

Jobs & Internships: Access hundreds of current professional jobs and internships as well as local part time and full time jobs Job Alerts: Set up job alerts and receive a message when the positions you want are posted. Applications: Apply directly for jobs and track the status of your applications. Employer Searches: Access thousands of employers and contacts. Search by industry and location. Electronic Storage: Upload your resumes, cover letters, and references to be visible to employers that are actively recruiting. Announcements: Learn about upcoming events and sign up for on campus interviews and employer visits.

For more information on ECU CareerNET see page 23. If you are an alumnus, you may call the Career Center at 252-328-6050 and request that an account be made for you. Signing up for ECU CareerNET certifies that you have read and voluntarily agree to the Student Disclaimer Agreement.

4  www.ecu.edu/career 

•  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  The Career Center at East Carolina University


Career Exploration & Research A Plan for Career Success

Set goals for each year to achieve your career plans!

Sophomore Year • Talk to professionals in career fields you are considering. Review the Career Resource Guide for information on conducting informational interviews (see page 30). • Get to know faculty in a major of interest. They can talk about career options and will also be helpful when you need letters of reference for job or graduate school applications later. Don’t wait to begin building these relationships! • Develop a professional quality resume and register with the Career Center to search for internship opportunities. • Obtain experience in your field. Whether during the school year or in the summer, seek part-time jobs, internships, or volunteer opportunities in your major area of interest. • Attend career fairs and employer information sessions that relate to your major. • Enhance your technical/computer skills. Take workshops offered by ECU’s Information Technology & Computing Services (ITCS) department listed in the training section on OneStop. • Use the Career Center’s resources to practice interviewing and build confidence with your interview skills.

Junior Year • Seek leadership positions in co-curricular activities (committee chairs and elected positions.) Join careerrelated student professional associations. • Choose electives to enhance your qualifications, especially your oral and written communication skills. • Begin to plan for an effective job search. Set deadlines for required steps. • Update your resume in the Career Center’s online recruiting system, ECU CareerNET. • Develop an electronic portfolio to highlight related school and employment projects. • Attend the fall and spring Career Fairs and interview with employers to obtain co-op or internship positions. • Participate in a Practice Interview through the Career Center. • Research graduate school options and required standardized tests (GRE, GMAT, LSAT, MCAT, etc.). Note deadlines so that you can plan ahead to meet requirements.

Senior Year • Determine your job search goals, including geographic preferences and target employers. • Buy a suit and develop a savings plan so that you will have funds available to purchase additional professional attire and/or pay for relocation costs. • Meet with your Career Counselor to discuss job search strategies, and have your resume critiqued. • Attend Career Center workshops on job search strategies, resume writing, and job interviewing. • Research companies before your job interviews. • Participate in a face-to-face Practice Job Interview offered by the Career Center. • Establish a reference list and/or ask for letters of recommendation from previous employers, internship supervisors and/or professors. • Regularly log into ECU CareerNET to maintain an awareness of new job postings and contacts. Set a saved search to alert you when new postings are received. • Participate in career fairs both fall and spring to network with employers and access full-time, co-op, and internship opportunities. • Conduct a thorough job search campaign in addition to on-campus interviews. • Notify the Career Center once you have accepted an offer.

The Career Center at East Carolina University  •  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  www.ecu.edu/career  5

Career Exploration & Research

Freshman Year • Explore your interests and abilities through academic courses; demonstrate excellent academic performance. • Strengthen your written communication skills in English classes and writing labs. • Discover ECU support resources including the Career Center, Counseling & Student Development, University Writing Center, Pirate Tutoring Center, Volunteer & Service-Learning Center, Student Employment, and the various college advising centers. • Visit www.ecu.edu/career to familiarize yourself with all of the Career Center’s resources available to you. • Use our FOCUS system to complete self-assessments and explore/research majors and careers. Make an appointment with a Career Coach to discuss your results and plans. • Learn the basics of resume writing, create a first draft of your resume in MS Word or our Optimal Resume system and have it critiqued by a Career Coach at the Career Center. • Login to ECU CareerNET and become familiar with The Career Center’s exclusive jobs and internship database. • Obtain an introduction to your initial field of interest through an internship, job shadow, volunteer experience and/or conversation with an ECU Career Coach. • Consider volunteer positions or a part-time job to help build your resume and broaden your experience. • Attend career fairs to gather information on potential careers and employers.


Career Exploration & Research

Career Exploration Through Assessments Assessments are tools (surveys) that can be used to explore, evaluate and measure various personal attributes. These tools help you gain a better understanding of yourself by reflecting your core interests, personality traits, values and skills. Selfassessments are not designed to answer all of your questions, and cannot tell you what you are “supposed to be.” Rather, these tools should be used as helpful guides in discovering occupations you may not have considered and/or realistically evaluating fields that you already have in mind. The goal of the assessment process is to identify career options that would be truly interesting and satisfying to you. They are a good foundation for launching focused occupational research and making informed career and education decisions.

Types of Assessments • Interest Assessments: Reflect what activities you most like to do/what you gets you excited

•  Personality Assessments: Describe how you react to certain situations and people, how you make decisions, how you organize information and go about solving problems •  Skills Assessments: Are a reflection of your talents and the types of things you easily learn and excel • Values Assessments: Describe what is most important to you in your life. For example, you might value helping other people, being creative, having a secure job, etc.

How can I complete these assessments? Many free assessment tools can be found online but the options can be overwhelming and they are not all reliable and valid. The Career Center provides students with access to the following tools because of their reliability, validity, and ease of use.

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator®

FOCUS This career and educational planning system provides access to all four of the assessment types listed above. Personalized results and a list of fitting occupations are provided at the end of each individual assessment. Users can also combine their results on all assessments to generate a more refined list of occupations as their “top career choices”. Visit http://www.ecu.edu/cs-studentaffairs/ career/students/focus2.cfm When prompted, enter “pirate” as your access code to create a new account.

The MBTI is the most widely used personality inventory in the world. The preferences suggested by the MBTI can help you make career and personal decisions, with scores highlighting preferences on four dimensions. The various combinations of these preferences result in 16 personality types, which relate to career choices, communication modes and learning styles. The MBTI is taken online, and the results are provided during an individual appointment with a trained MBTI professional. Contact The Career Center at (252) 328-6050 to receive access.

Maximize the use of assessments by meeting with a Career Counselor! Contact the Career Center to schedule a meeting to discuss your results. Your Career Counselor will be able to help you figure out what to do next as well as share additional resources.

6  www.ecu.edu/career 

•  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  The Career Center at East Carolina University


A Closer Look at Our FOCUS System

“Explore the Possibilities” Resources

Detailed Information on 1,200+ Occupations After identifying occupational titles, in-depth research on each should follow. FOCUS2 offers detailed information on occupations, allowing you to save and compare your favorites.

How do I get started? 1. Create a new user account. Self-registration is free and quick at the following URL: www.ecu.edu/cs-studentaffairs/career/ students/focus2.cfm 2. Enter the access code pirate and complete the self-registration process. During the registration process, you will create your own user name and password. Be sure to write down and remember your login information for future use. 3. Begin in the Career Readiness section and work through each section until you complete “Your Personal Portfolio.” You can save your progress, exit, and return to the program at any time.

Recommended sources for additional occupational research: Occupational Outlook Handbook – http://www.bls.gov/OOH O*NET – http://www.onetonline.org

The Career Center at East Carolina University  •  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  www.ecu.edu/career  7

Career Exploration & Research

While FOCUS is an important first step in the career planning process, this resource also offers additional tools to help you generate career ideas.


Resumes and Cover Letters Resumes 101 A resume is a document that summarizes and highlights your job-related skills, education, experiences, and activities. The purpose of most resumes is to obtain an interview for an internship or job. College and graduate admissions offices, scholarship programs, etc., may also request a resume during the application process. An employer spends an average of 15 to 20 seconds reviewing a resume. Make your first impression a good one.

Resumes and Cover Letters

Purpose • Getting a job is a sales process; you are both the product and the salesperson, and the resume is your advertisement. • The purpose of the resume is to effectively communicate your potential and land an interview. • Your resume advertises how you can help employers solve their problems. • There is not one “right way” to put together a resume; many different styles can be effective. • A sure way to know if your resume is working is whether or not it is getting you interviews.

Goals • A good resume tells employers what you can do in their field, what you have done that relates to the job, and your qualifications for the job. • Keep your resume to one page; include only that which is relevant to the position. • Tailor the resume to fit each position to which you apply – it is not effective to create one resume and use it for all opportunities. • Find out what is important to each employer by researching their website and job descriptions. • Create a unique skills or capabilities section that contains important “keywords” related to the position • ONET, http://online.onetcenter.org, is a great resource to find occupation(s) and review typical tasks. • Use action verbs to describe your experiences.

Styles • Resume styles focus on the order and the way information is placed and presented on your resume. • Resumes typically fit one of three styles: chronological, functional, combination. • Curriculum Vita (CV) is a resume style used typically in higher education, health and legal fields and is several pages long. • Choosing the right style comes down to two factors:       1. The amount, consistency, and depth of work experience you have accumulated so far in your career field and;       2. How well the job you seek is aligned with your past work experience. Chronological resumes present your job-related experiences in reverse chronological date order (most recent listed first and then going backwards in time). Consider using this style if you have an established career direction and you are continuing on the same or similar career path. Functional resumes group your skills and experiences together based on job-related functional areas. Place your experience statements together beneath job-related functional areas. A chronological listing of employment history should also be included. Consider using this style if you are changing

8  www.ecu.edu/career 

career direction or if you have skill sets from past experiences that may not be directly related. Combination resumes bring relevant work experience/ history to the forefront by breaking the experience/work history in to two sections: “Related” and “Other/Additional.” The combination resume generally starts with a functional resume format that allows the reader to see your skills, accomplishments, and qualifications. It first lets the reader see the experience you have that is related to the job opening, then lets the potential employer look at your work history. This style allows the reader to first match your qualifications against the needs of the job opening, and then gives the reader a sense of where the accomplishments took place.

Content & Format • Content deals with the actual information you have included on your resume regarding your skills, qualifications, experience, and achievements. • Format deals with the layout of your resume; margins, font type and spacing. • Both are important because they will impact the employers ability to easily read your resume.

Objective Statements • There are mixed opinions about the value of including an objective on a resume. • All agree that an objective is a waste of space if it is too general or simply states that the job fits your professional goals. • A tailored objective demonstrates that you understand the needs of the position and allows you to highlight relevant strengths and experiences. • A well-written objective statement includes; job title, industry, what you want to do and highlights key relevant skills.

Resume Writing Pitfalls • Too long. Keep it to one page. • Typos/errors. Suggests carelessness. Have two people proofread your resume. Don’t rely on spell-check. • Hard to read. Use quality paper on a laser printer, plain typeface, no smaller than 10-12 point font. • Too verbose. Do not use complete sentences or paragraphs. A, An and The can be left out. • Too sparse. Give more than the bare essentials when describing related experience. • Irrelevant info. Customize your resume to each position. Emphasize only relevant experiences. Do not include personal information. • Obviously generic. The employer needs to feel that you are interested in that particular position with his or her company. • Boring. Use action verbs to describe your experiences and avoid repeating words. •  Too modest. Put your best foot forward without misrepresentation, falsification or arrogance.

•  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  The Career Center at East Carolina University


Resumes and Cover Letters The Career Center at East Carolina University  •  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  www.ecu.edu/career  9


10  www.ecu.edu/career  Leadership In Design Illustrator Quark

May 2012

Website Development Time Management Customer Service Public Speaking

•  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  The Career Center at East Carolina University

July 2011

January-May 2011

December 2011

2011 June 2007 August 2007

Winterville, NC Aulander, NC Weldon, NC

Activities Basic Scuba Certification East Carolina University • Utilized teamwork and underwater communication skills to create safe and fun dives Club Jiu Jitsu East Carolina University • Taught club members basic Jiu Jitsu skills Volunteered in “Operation In As Much,” Aulander, NC • Built and repaired homes for individuals in need

Fellowships and Awards Employee of the Quarter Sam’s Club Rosa Austin Outstanding Student Scholarship Halifax Community College Foundation Scholarship

Winterville, NC Greenville, NC Aulander, NC

MEMBERSHIPS Spanish Club Rho Rho Rho; Event Chair Public Relations Society Student Association

EMPLOYMENT HISTORY ECU Writing Center, Writer/Editor Veggie’s Paradise, Server, Greenville, NC

September 2010 – May 2011 September 2007 – 2009

Rho Rho Rho Service Sorority, September 2008 – September 2009 Events Chair • Planned, coordinated, and promoted recruitment, fundraising, and celebration events for groups ranging from 25-500 • Motivated committee of 10 students to develop and execute campaigns that raised more than $6,000 to assist Homeless Shelter • Developed and hosted annual recruitment activities and increased membership in one year by 22% • Designed fliers, posters, and t shirts to promote activities and built and maintained website

Employment History Floor Associate Cashier & Stocker Customer Service

July 2011-present Sam’s Club June 2010-June 2011 Food Lion March-May 2009 Rocky’s Steak House

RELEVANT EXPERIENCE ECU Writing Center, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC September 2011 – May 2012 Writer/Editor • Reviewed and edited articles, research papers, essays for application to graduate schools and other formal documents written by undergraduate and graduate students for content, grammar, and compliance to appropriate writing styles • Diplomatically discussed recommended edits with clients • Developed a research instrument to measure effectiveness and outcomes of services that became a standard tool of the Writing Center

EDUCATION Bachelor of Science, Communication, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC Concentration: Public Relations 3.6/4.0, Magna Cum Laude, Dean’s List, Chancellor’s List

Media Writing Dreamweaver Social Media Copywriting

Homes & Land Magazine, Wilmington, NC May 2010 – August 2010 Layout Design/Office Assistant • Created layout and design for a 120 page monthly real estate magazine that was distributed to 50,000 readers across eastern NC • Effectively managed multiple duties under strict deadlines • Provided quality customer service to a clientele of over 100 real estate agents

Relevant Experience Obtained basic lab skills such as pipetting, precision measuring, cleanliness and organization Identified unknown compounds using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Spectroscopy, and Infrared Responsibly adhered to safety regulations and policies in order to create an injury-free workplace Followed complex procedures requiring accurately timed processes in order to transform one compound into another Maintained an active awareness of non-compliance episodes and efficiently acted to resolve issues Prepared samples and performed routine validation lab tests, analyzing physical results and computer generated data while working with the team and supervisor to resolve any identified deviations Utilized computerized databases to store and maintain data Utilized active recall of information in order to narrow options and make decisions Created a research proposal requiring the identification and critical assessment and tracking of detailed documents Presented oral reports to large groups, utilizing technology and audio/visual aides

PROFILE/SKILLS Event Planning Layout/Design Teamwork Spanish

OBJECTIVE To obtain a social media internship with a PR agency utilizing my formal education and my skills in social media, organization, and communication.

111 Reese Lane, Greenville, SC 22222 ● (333) 333-3333 ● nicei08@xmail.com ● www.linkedin.com/in/nicer

Ivanna B. Nicer

Chronological

Qualifications Broad knowledge in genetics, calculus, and organic chemistry. Specific personal skills/qualities include: Team Work Time Management MS PowerPoint, Word, Excel Organization Attention to Detail Forklift Operation

• • •

• •

• • • •

East Carolina University Greenville, NC Degree: Bachelor of Science Major: Biology May 2012 Selected Examples of Relevant Coursework: General Chemistry 1&2, Organic Chemistry 1&2, General Biology 1&2, Calculus 1&2, General Physics 1&2, Principles of Genetics

Education

Professional Overview Recent college graduate with extensive knowledge of both the biology and chemistry fields coupled with a strong drive to succeed. Seek opportunities to apply skills and knowledge in a lab setting.

903 7TH Street, Greenville, N.C. 27858, PIRATEP09@alumni.ecu.edu, (252) 000-1111

PETE E. PIRATE

Functional

Resumes and Cover Letters

Sample Resumes


The Career Center at East Carolina University  •  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  www.ecu.edu/career  11

BlackBerry Enterprise Server 4.0 Microsoft Active Directory Microsoft Exchange 2003 & 2007 Microsoft IIS 6.x & 7.x Microsoft ISA Server 2004 & 2006 Microsoft Office 2003, 2007, & 2010

November 2009 – May 2011

Published articles & photos to website each time newspaper was printed & when breaking news stories were released. Planned & facilitated migration from College Publisher 4 to College Publisher 5 content management system. Designed & coded pages for content management system using HTML & CSS. Revamped & migrated e-mail system to Google Apps, allowing staff to have a vanity email account.

Law Office of Jennifer R. Cooney; Baer & Baer, Attorneys at Law, PA; Fayetteville, North Carolina System Administrator February 2006 – October 2011 • Designed and administered two Windows Server 2003-based domains, including configuration of WINS, DNS, & DHCP. • Implemented Microsoft ISA Server 2004 to act as the network firewall/proxy server and Exchange Server 2003 for e-mail. • Implemented Microsoft SharePoint Services 3.0 for easy document & calendar sharing throughout the network. • Provided technical support & training for users of the network.

Twisted Networx, Inc Greenville, North Carolina Senior Server Engineer/Tier-3 Technical Support/Network Administrator October 2008 – April 2010 • Implemented Windows Server 2008 cloud server system to manage user authentication, assign user policies, deploy software, & manage document storage on network with approximately sixty users in two cities for behavior health facility. • Managed security camera & door badge access systems as well as user, e-mail, & voicemail account creation. • Installed structured network & security camera cabling & configured firewall/network policies for HIPAA regulations. • Wrote visual training guides & how-to’s on using e-mail, phone, & the ticket support system. • Trained & supervised other technicians that worked on-site.

• • • •

April 2011 – present

Sought by the Associate Dean of the College to update & determine the needs of each department’s website. Led restructuring & redesign of department websites using HTML & CSS within the CommonSpot content management system. Produce & design graphics for website using Adobe Illustrator & Photoshop.

Web Editor, The East Carolinian Newspaper

• • •

July 2010 – present

Greenville, North Carolina

Microsoft Project 2010 & Visio Microsoft SharePoint 2.0 & 3.0 Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 Symantec Anti-Virus Business Edition 10.0 VMWare Server 2 VMWare Workstation 7 & 8

Provided computer & technical support to staff of 20+ in main office & six satellite offices. Spearheaded migration & redesign of website from ASP & HTML to CommonSpot content management system. Facilitated migration of 40+ computers from Windows XP to Windows 7 & from Office 2007 to Office 2010. Designed marketing materials for special events utilizing Adobe Illustrator & Photoshop.

Web Designer & Developer, College of Technology & Computer Science

• • • •

Technology Analyst, Campus Recreation & Wellness

East Carolina University

EXPERIENCE

Windows XP, Vista, & 7 Windows Server 2003, 2008, & 2008 R2 Cisco IOS Mac OS X Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 & 6 Adobe Acrobat, Photoshop, & Illustrator

TECHNICAL SKILLS

May 2012

Problem Solving Policy Interpretation Assessment & Evaluation Lesson Plan Development Oral & Written Communication

Establish clear objectives for all lessons, units, and projects, and communicate those objectives to the students Instruct students individually and in groups, using various teaching methods such as lectures, discussions, and demonstrations Adapt teaching methods and instructional materials to meet students’ various needs and interests

Bodytopper T-shirts, Jacksonville, NC Screen Printer

WORK HISTORY Northwoods Elementary School, Jacksonville, NC Student TeacherI Intern

2008 – 2010

2011 – 2012

Handled customer questions and complaints Resolved conflicts effectively and creatively while maintaining a comfortable environment Identified problems and solutions in a timely manner Gave input on customer orders to achieve what they wanted Speak and understand Spanish and relate to people from various backgrounds • • • • •

Communication

• • •

Gathered, managed, entered, and analyzed data for a screen printing business Product research and pricing implementation Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects Conducted Running Records Administered QRI-3, K-2, and Running Records Assessments Prepare, administer, and grade tests and assignments in order to evaluate students’ progress • • •

Research and Analysis

• •

Teaching and Instruction

Planning and Organizing • Created and maintained a customer focused filing & data system • Kept company up-to-date and organized with business projects • Conducted meetings when necessary for the improving of the current business infra-structure • Developed, implemented, and evaluated educational sessions for students of various age levels • Wrote and implemented six-step lesson plans with assessments • Produced numerous curricula units, containing a minimum of five lessons, for multiple subject areas • Collaborated with team teachers to plan and schedule creative lessons that promoted learning • Produced outlines and created time tables for various projects

FUNCTIONAL STRENGTHS

Bachelor of Science in Elementary Education, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC Concentration: English, GPA, 3.2/4.0 Certifications: Praxis I (K-6th grades)

EDUCATION

Policy Interpretation Training & Teaching Presentation Methods Counseling & Advising Establish & Maintain Rapport

Strategic Planning Research & Analysis Behavior Management Reading Comprehension Mathematical Reasoning

My proven capabilities applicable in a variety of areas are listed below: May 2012 Concentration: Information Technology

Resumes and Cover Letters

Greenville, North Carolina Information & Computer Technology GPA: 3.3/4.0

East Carolina University Bachelor of Science Minor: Business Administration

CAPABILITIES PROFILE

To obtain a position as an educator in an elementary school that will utilize my skills in behavior management, instruction, and assessment.

OBJECTIVE

701 East 5th Street • Greenville, NC 27858 • ebg01@students.ecu.edu • (252) 328-6050

Eric B. Good

Functional

EDUCATION

Technical Support/Information Technology position, where my five years direct experience in the administration of Windows-based servers & desktops in an Active Directory environment, network administration, & technical support can be utilized.

OBJECTIVE

701 E. 5th Street| Greenville, North Carolina 27858

CAREER@ECU.EDU | 252.328.6050

I MA P IRATE

Chronological

Sample Resumes


12  www.ecu.edu/career 

•  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  The Career Center at East Carolina University

CON Hall  of  Fame  Scholar  (2011-­‐Present)   Sigma  Theta  Tau  International  Nursing  Honor  Society  (2011)   J.A.’s  Uniform  Scholarship  (2010-­‐2011)   Nurse  Scholars  Program  Scholarship  (2010-­‐Present)  

AWARDS/HONORS

Nurses Christian  Fellowship;  Secretary:  2010-­‐Present   Multicultural  Student  Nurses  Association;  Member:  2010-­‐Present   Beta  Nu  Chapter  of  Sigma  Theta  Tau;  Member:  October  2011-­‐Present   The  National  Society  of  Collegiate  Scholars  at  ECU;  Executive  Vice  President:  2011-­‐Present   ECU  CON  Undergraduate  Student  Affairs  Committee;  Student  Representative:  2011-­‐Present    

CAMPUS INVOLVEMENT  

Basic Life  Support  Certification  from  the  American  Heart  Association;  Renewed  July  2011   Certified  Nursing  Assistant  I;  December  2009   Certified  Nursing  Assistant  II;  May  2011    

CERTIFICATIONS

Healthcare Experience     Maxim  Healthcare  Services;  Winterville,  NC                                                August  2010  –  Present       Home  Health  Aide   • Assist  clients  in  the  comfort  of  their  homes  with  activities  of  daily  living  according  to  their  needs         Vidant  Medical  Center;  Greenville,  NC                                                          July  2011  –  Present           Nursing  Assistant  II  SNP-­‐Orthopedics  Floor     • Work  to  assist  the  nurse  in  caring  for  patients     • Perform  skills  within  the  scope  of  practice  of  a  nursing  assistant  II   • Assist  patients  with  basic  needs  and  activities  of  daily  living     Clinical  Rotations   East  Carolina  University  College  of  Nursing,  Greenville,  NC                                  August  2010  –  May  2012   • Medical/Surgical  (Vidant  Medical  Center)               • Maternity  (Carolina  East  Medical  Center)               • Pediatrics  (Vidant  Medical  Center)                 • Psychiatric  (Vidant  Medical  Center,  Carolina  East  Medical  Center,  Cherry  Hospital,  Walter  B.  Jones  Alcohol  &   Drug  Abuse  Treatment  Center)                     • Community  (Pitt  County  Health  Department,    J.O.Y.  Soup  Kitchen)                                                                      

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE  

123 Business Ave. Raleigh, NC 27601

Daily place 25+ customer orders accurately and efficiently Supervise and train 5 employees on restaurants policies and procedures Reconcile all sales, cash, credit, checks and other accounts to balance and pay hostesses and bartenders nightly

Implemented electronic banking products and services Assisted with resolving customer questions about their accounts Shadowed operations manager handling daily duties Integral part of a special projects team assigned to develop and implement a marketing strategy to reach new customers

• • •

Assisted customers in finding / selecting merchandise Balanced register on a regular basis Ensured that shelves were stocked with appropriate inventory levels

Target, Raleigh, NC Retail Associate

• • • •

The Little Bank, Raleigh, NC Intern

• • •

Outback Steakhouse, Greenville, NC Waiter/Trainer

East Carolina University College of Business, Greenville, NC Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, Management GPA: 3.6/4.0 Dean’s List

252-111-2222 smitha10@students.ecu.edu

Member of the Golden Key International Honor Society, Volunteer for Relay for Life, Habitat for Humanity volunteer, College of Business scholarship recipient, Intramural sports participant (softball, soccer, and football)

Honors / Activities

Proficient in Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint and Access, conversational Spanish

Skills

September 2010May 2011

May 2011August 2011

September 2011Present

Experience

May 2014

Education

Greenville, NC 27858

Current Address   2243  Purple  Blvd.     Greenville,  NC  27858                                                              123                    Executive                                   Drive

Alex Smith

555-­‐555-­‐5555 piratep@students.ecu.edu  

Pete T.  Pirate  

To obtain  an  entry-­‐level  position  as  a  Registered  Nurse  in  an  accredited  healthcare  facility  in  which  my  clinical  skills  and   experience  in  direct  patient  care  can  be  utilized  and  enhanced.       EDUCATION   East  Carolina  University;  Greenville,  NC                                                                                              May  2012   Bachelor  of  Science  in  Nursing,  3.75  GPA   Expected  NCLEX  date:  June  5,  2012    

OBJECTIVE

Permanent Address   1234  Old  Gold  Rd.   Charlotte,  NC  28269  

College of Business Sample Resume

Chronological

Resumes and Cover Letters

Sample Resumes


Resume Power Verbs Fundraising research analyze strategize program develop contact inquire inform motivate direct persuade monitor coordinate

Public Accounting Leadership Writing Craft/ Innovating Language Relations record create conceive Artisan create translate assess assess lead construct design modify interpret prepare audit encourage craft create change lecture coordinate prepare manage integrate build upgrade converse present maintain organize interpret entertain improve negotiate negotiate forecast compare capture perform design compare publicize calculate inspire abstract draw activate understand strengthen estimate represent express render restructure comprehend promote figure govern inform illustrate establish proficiency handle appraise direct summarize compose stimulate fluency participate examine advise conclude construct implement teach facilitate measure conceive transform tutor troubleshoot verify choreograph Consulting troubleshoot problem solve assess assist arrange guide counsel survey serve contribute motivate train

Program Information Management/ Design Technical Selling Development appraise Supervision organize conceptualize inform analyze analyze coordinate explore design educate design inventory facilitate formulate troubleshoot persuade construct structure plan sketch inspect provide develop design schedule draw locate assist prepare categorize delegate draft edit serve strategize document mediate layout analyze trade coordinate process evaluate create implement vend formulate manage strategize plan construct handle recommend program develop style modify present persuade link listen pattern operate sell implement coordinate consult build convince monitor organize monitor display

Teaching educate tutor stimulate inform instruct facilitate awaken explore advise counsel entertain amuse

Performing create present play interpret act sing dance perform model read inspire

Organizing/ Marketing Logistics review classify assess organize survey assist analyze maintain quantify liaison identify assist announce support promote arrange advertise systematize advance schedule boost coordinate improve streamline simplify

Administration Service/ Persuading Mechanical Investigating Counseling/ monitor Hospitality present analyze pursue Healing track serve articulate design interrogate listen assess assist clarify construct question sense coordinate troubleshoot challenge craft analyze intuit organize present negotiate troubleshoot intuit assess requisition maintain inquire create seek analyze access help reason engineer search assist receive coordinate influence repair probe align process prepare convince manipulate examine coordinate serve welcome arbitrate align explore understand furnish enhance mediate coordinate inform anticipate reconcile balance facilitate help Reprinted from Virginia Tech’s 2007-2008 Career Planning Guide.

The Career Center at East Carolina University  •  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  www.ecu.edu/career  13

Resumes and Cover Letters

Research & Human Finance Analysis Editing Development Resources analyze assess review identify assess invest observe analyze evaluate analyze budget review check review recruit inventory dissect compare assess survey evaluate interpret comment compare screen appraise discern correct analyze interview construct conceptualize rewrite critique select develop discover revise explain train acquire infer rework prepare mediate deploy illuminate amend recommend appraise manage clarify improve conclude coordinate project quantify initiate determine align qualify investigate conclude advise read


Correspondence Principles Written communication to employers is an essential part of the process when applying for internships, completion of graduate school applications or full time employment inquiries. When there is an option, always include a letter to support the resume content. While the resume serves as an “advertisement” and overview of your background, the cover letter can heighten the employer’s incentive to learn more about you and your connection of skills to support the opportunity. Written communication also demonstrates your ability to construct and convey your writing abilities.

Page Margins, Font Style and Size For hard copy, left and right page margins of one to 1.5 inches generally look good. You can adjust your margins to balance how your document looks on the page. Use a font style that is simple, clear and commonplace, such as Times New Roman, Arial or Calibri. Font sizes from 10-12 points are generally in the ballpark of looking appropriate. Keep in mind that different font styles in the same point size are not the same size. A 12-point Arial is larger than a 12-point Times New Roman.

Make Your Purpose Clear

Resumes and Cover Letters

Main differences between e-mail and hard copy correspondence: Format: your signature block (address, etc.) goes below your name in e-mail, while it goes at the top of the page on hard copy. E-mail requires a subject line logical to the recipient. E-mail subject lines can make or break whether your e-mail is opened and read. Hard copy can have a subject line too, but it appears on the letter (after recipient’s address block and before “Dear…,” and it is seen after the letter is opened. Signature: You won’t have a handwritten signature on e-mail, but don’t forget this on your hard copy.

Don’t make an employer guess why you are writing or what you are writing about. In choosing your words, think about the purpose of your letter and details of your individual circumstances.

Forms of Professional Correspondence Cover Letters: Letters of Application and Inquiry These letters introduce you to the organization and explain how your qualifications match the position.

Thank-You and Follow-Up Letters

Keep in mind the following for your professional correspondence…

Within 24 hours after the interview a thank-you letter is expected professional courtesy. Express your appreciation for the opportunity to present yourself. Reiterate your continued interest in the position and organization. Supply any additional information that was requested at the time of the interview.

Individualize

Acknowledging a Job Offer

Address your communication to a specific person—the person with the power to hire you. Make sure that the employer’s name and title are correct. Write each letter in your own words. Canned letters get canned responses. Tailor your letter to the requirement of the position and the employer’s needs. Know your reader and the organization.

Acceptance Letter

Edit Do NOT depend on spell check and grammar check to make your correspondence perfect. Proofread, proofread and then proofread again!

Construction and Layout No longer than one page and no more than 4 paragraphs. Paper: Use 8.5 by 11 inch, good-quality paper; preferably the same paper as used for your resume. Choose paper which produces clean photocopies. Some papers with flecks make hazy copies.

Prompt acknowledgement should be transmitted to the prospective employer. Express appreciation for the offer. Notify the organization of the date you expect to make your decision or indicate that you will respond within their time limitation.

Tailor your letter to the specific employer to demonstrate sincerity and genuine interest in the company and job. Never copy example letters. Write and thank the person who interviewed you offered you the opportunity. State that you are accepting and give details about what has impressed you about the company.

Rejection Letter Professional etiquette requires that you decline a position or a site visit graciously. Write to the person who wrote you and thank him or her for the offer and briefly state your reason for declining the offer.

What Employers Want You to Know About Professional Correspondence    Comments from recruiters who conducted on-campus interviews at East Carolina University •  E  -mailed thank-you letters (and other correspondence) are acceptable; however a written thank-you demonstrates initiative to go above and beyond the norm. E-mail however is the fastest and most reliable way to reach an employer. •  W  riting compelling e-mails/cover letters complements a resume beautifully. Resumes and letters should be tailored to the position. •  I nclude evidence in the body of the cover letter that indicates you have researched the position we have open and how you and your strengths “fit” the opportunity.

14  www.ecu.edu/career 

•  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  The Career Center at East Carolina University


Sample Letters Sample Prospect Letter A Prospect Letter is used to introduce yourself to organizations that do not have an advertised position. Address them to the manager of the department you want to work for.

Introductory Paragraph Indicate your interest, and reveal your source of information.

Ima Pirate imapirate10@students.ecu.edu

701 East 5th St., Greenville, NC 27858 252-328-6050

January 20, 2013 Mr. Brett Newkirk Director of College Recruiting William Morris Endeavor 1400 W. 14th Street, 2nd Floor New York, NY 10003 Dear Mr. Newkirk:

Outline your strongest qualifications—focus on broader occupational and/or organizational dimensions to describe how your qualifications match the work environment.

Through extensive online research of the ECU CareerNET database, I am responding to express my interest in the Summer Internship Program. As a Communications major at East Carolina University, I believe I have relevant educational and work experience to excel at an agency like William Morris Endeavor. My passion for the business of entertainment and interest to apply that education, experience and passion in a career which requires business savvy individuals with a readiness to face new and exciting challenges is of interest.

Personal Marketing Convince the employer you have the personal qualities and motivation to contribute to the organization.

Closing Paragraph Suggest an action plan, request an interview, and specify a time you will follow up.

End of Letter Express appreciation to the reader for his or her time and consideration. Don’t forget to sign your letter.

William Morris Endeavor is the premier agency within the industry. The forward thinking nature and aggressive disposition WME displays have made it an industry leader and cemented its place as the agency leader now and in the future. The emphasis on emerging media platforms to further the monetization of clients influencing ability on consumers and the launch of LVRAGE are clear displays of this thinking. I identify well with the culture of WME and, given the opportunity to learn from those around me, I believe will prepare me very well for a career in this industry. As you can see from my resume, I have extensive experience in marketing and sales with Kaplan Test Prep and Paradigm Books. Both positions required personal and professional initiative and discipline, as my success was determined on my ability to form relationships, sell services, and prospect new business. An internship with WME will allow me to maximize my skills and lay the foundation for my future career in entertainment management. My resume is attached for your review. I will be in New York the week of February 25 and will be available to interview in person any time during that week. Prior to that date, I am available to interview via phone or Skype. I will connect with you by February 15 to determine your interest in meeting with me. Thank you very much for considering my request. I look forward to speaking with you. Sincerely,

Ima Pirate Ima Pirate

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Resumes and Cover Letters

Middle Paragraph(s)


16  www.ecu.edu/career 

•  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  The Career Center at East Carolina University

Your typed name Enclosure

(hand written signature)

Sincerely,

CLOSING PARAGRAPH: This is where you call for action! Mention your interest in discussing the job in person (i.e., ask for an interview). Take the initiative and let the employer know how and when you will contact him or her to follow up. Use phrases like “get together” or “meet with you” rather than “interview.”

MIDDLE PARAGRAPH: Communicate the way in which your skills and experience can be of value to this particular employer. Present the most relevant information you want the employer to consider, even before she/he turns to your resume. If you have a related class, volunteer, internship, student activity, or relevant work related experience, be sure to mention pertinent data or accomplishments to show that you have specific qualifications. Use keywords from the position description to describe your fit for the opportunity. Highlight special accomplishments and show your enthusiasm, but don’t merely repeat your resume.

FIRST PARAGRAPH: Attract the employer’s interest by briefly mentioning your specific interest in the company and/or position. You may want to identify how you were made aware of the opportunity or who referred you.

SALUTATION: Dear Ms./Mr. Name of Person:

Person’s Name Title Company Address

Your present address City, State, ZIP

Date

Cover Letter—Template

Maddie Jobhunter Enc.

Maddie Jobhunter

Sincerely,

Thank you for your time and consideration. I look forward to meeting you.

During the week of December 12 through 16, I will be in the Mountain View area and would like to make arrangements to meet with you. I will call you within the next ten days to determine your interest in scheduling a meeting. If you need to reach me before then, feel free to connect with me at jobhunterm14@students.ecu.edu.

As a campus representative for ECU Television, I practice marketing on a daily basis. The marketing plan I devised and executed as an Intern with Panasonic placed third in a national competition for driving the most people to the website. In regards to my writing, online and leadership experience, I have had seven articles published in three publications. As an intern with Our State magazine, I used excel and Google Analytics to prepare monthly traffic reports with tables and graphs of clickthrough rates, pageviews, YOY% increases, unique visits, and popular content.

The education I have received at East Carolina University and my previous internships have prepared me for Google. In advertising courses, I created media plans for Facebook and Microsoft’s Zune. For these, I conducted market research to determine targets and to decide which geographic regions to run advertisements in. Additionally, I also determined the most effective media to use with $20 million budgets. Both media plans had a situation analysis, an objective, strategies and rationales section, and promotions.

As a Communications major, I know the future of the business is in the Internet. I dream big and I know Google supports big dreams. Motivated dreamers make things happen. Since Google’s creation in 1998, I have watched it set new heights for the interactive world. Your company has a clear vision that I would be proud to support in either a marketing or advertising sales job.

Dear Mr. Gottajob:

Mr. Eye Gottajob Human Resources Manager Google Inc. 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway Mountain View, CA 94043

2812 Thackery Road Greenville, NC 27858

November 20, 2012

Sample Cover Letter

Resumes and Cover Letters

Sample Letters


Harold Sherman XYZ Corporation 678 5th Avenue Albany, NY 12205 Dear Mr. Sherman: Thank you for the recent offer of employment as a management trainee with XYZ Corporation. I am pleased to accept this offer. The position sounds challenging, particularly the 12 month rotation among your regional facilities. I look forward to this challenge and believe I will be successful at meeting it. I understand that your offer involves a starting date of February 6, 20XX. I also understand that the salary offered is $ 3X,000, plus benefits discussed at my most recent interview. I will contact you within the next several weeks to discuss travel and moving details as you requested.

Eye Gottajob Google Inc. 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway Mountain View, CA 94043

Dear Mr. Gottajob:

Thank you for the opportunity to interview with you on Friday, September 14, 20XX at the East Carolina University Career Center. The Advertising Representative position we discussed is a wonderful opportunity for which I feel uniquely qualified. I appreciate the time and information you shared with me.

As we discussed, my educational background in advertising and marketing and my previous advertising internships within the field will enable me to interact effectively with clients and creatively produce results. Not only am I able to discuss the benefits of advertising with Google, I also can relate the technical aspects with the internal creative team and with the client.

Maddie Jobhunter

Maddie Jobhunter

Sincerely,

Maddie Jobhunter

Maddie Jobhunter

Sincerely,

Resumes and Cover Letters

If you need additional information from me, please do not hesitate to contact me by phone or email. Again, thank you for meeting with me. I look forward to speaking with you again soon.

2812 Thackery Road Greenville, NC 27858

2812 Thackery Road Greenville, NC 27858

Once again, thank you for your offer. I am excited about joining the XYZ Corporation team.

November 10, 2012

Sample Offer Acceptance Letter

September 17, 2012

Sample Thank-You Letter

Sample Letters

The Career Center at East Carolina University  •  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  www.ecu.edu/career  17


Employment References 1. Who Should Serve as Your References? Friends of your family and people whom you know only in a social capacity are not appropriate employment references. People who can speak positively and knowledgeably about your work-related qualities and personal characteristics are appropriate references. Possible options include: •  P  ast and present employers: can address your reliability, initiative and ability to work with others. This information is valuable, even if your employment was not career-related. •  F  aculty members: can usually speak about your academic ability, productivity, and timeliness, and perhaps can reference you work with others. •  Advisors and coaches: have insights that could be relevant to a potential employer such as maturity, initiative, interpersonal skills or leadership qualities.

Resumes and Cover Letters

2. Permission Always secure permission from a reference in advance. •  Verify spelling of names, titles, and all contact information for your references. •  Provide a current copy of your resume (or vitae) to each person who agrees to serve as a reference. A resume helps your reference discuss the information that is relevant and broadens awareness of other facets of your background that may be pertinent information to a potential employer. (A faculty member may know your academic skills and an employer may know your on-the-job characteristics, but each may not be aware of the other facets of your background.) Your references can serve you best when they are provided relevant and timely information. •  Re-contact your references to give them a “heads up” when you expect they will be called and provide them with the names of persons and organizations to whom you’ve given their names. •  When possible, send your references a copy of the job description for the positions for which References you are applying. •  Thank each reference in writing for his/her Ima Pirate assistance. 201 Pirate Drive Raleigh, NC 22222 3. When to Give Your Reference List to an (222) 222-2222

Employer

•  P  rovide reference information when you are asked to provide it. Do not send reference information with your resume unless it has been requested. •  If you reach the interview stage and have not been asked for reference information, you may want to offer it.

4. Where to List References •  D  o not list references on a resume. However, it is customary to include references on a curriculum vitae. •  Do not waste valuable space on your resume with “References available upon request.” It is understood that you will send your reference list when requested to do so.

5. What Should References Say? Employers will ask a variety of questions. However, most of them will be interested in such areas as: •  the capacity in which they know/knew you •  time frame of the relationship •  required tasks and areas of responsibility •  positive qualities demonstrated in the position •  areas in which you can continue to develop

Dr. Jane Doe Professor East Carolina University College of Human Ecology East Fifth Street Greenville, NC 27858 (252) 231-5555 janedoe@ecu.edu Mr. Walter Randolph Assistant Store Manager Walmart 210 Greenville Blvd., SW Greenville, NC 27834 (252) 555-2045 wrandolph@walmart.com Ms. Jane Wilson Department Manager, Cosmetics Saks Fifth Avenue 7700 Old Wake Forest Road Raleigh, NC 27616 (919) 555-8211 jwilson@saks.com NOTE: The header on the reference sheet should match the header on your resume.

Adapted from Virginia Tech’s 2007-2008 Career Planning Guide.

18  www.ecu.edu/career 

•  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  The Career Center at East Carolina University


Interviews What You Need to Succeed in a Professional Interview Hiring managers say that one of the biggest mistake candidates make is coming to interviews unprepared. The candidates don’t know the simplest of details: what the position entails, what the company provides, and what benefits they would bring to the company. You can greatly increase your chances of interview success by researching and practicing beforehand.

Practice

Prepare

Analysis and research alone are not enough. Practice is vital.

Know the job, the company, and your value.

Analyze the Position •  W  hat is the primary function of the position? Sales? Service? Products? Planning? •  Who uses the services or products? •  What are the basic tasks? •  What are the required skills, abilities and education? •  D  oes the position function independently or as part of a team? Does it do both?

•  E  xplore the company website and familiarize yourself with size, location, customers, products, services, names of decision makers, competitors, etc. •  U  ncover needs, problems, and challenges, missions, and values. •  W  here is the position located? What is the typical salary for the position in the geographical region? •  R  esearch the company further: contact anyone you know in the business, read current or recent articles, visit Hoover’s Guide and Career InfoNet.

•  P  repare two or three questions to ask the interviewer that show off your research and professional interest. See page 21 for examples. •  W  rite a power greeting and practice saying it aloud until it sounds and feels natural to you. See page 28 for more information. •  P  ractice talking about how you have successfully completed activities that demonstrate the skills and experiences employers seek. •  P  ractice shaking hands. A handshake should last no more than a few seconds and the grasp should be firm. •  R  eview common illegal questions and decide how you would answer them. Plan how you would respond if asked to provide your Facebook password.

Perform You were invited to interview because the recruiter was impressed by your resume. Now, demonstrate that you are the best person for the job.

Identify What You Have to Offer

•  Arrive ten to fifteen minutes early.

•  I nventory your skills and abilities and identify all the areas in which you have relevant strengths and experiences.

•  Carry a briefcase or professional portfolio, not a bookbag.

•  R  eflect on your successes and your experiences in previous jobs, group and individual projects, volunteer activities, and campus involvement. •  D  evelop a written list of examples that demonstrate your readiness to meet the needs stated in the job description. •  R  eview your resume and prepare to answer questions about anything that is mentioned. •  T  hink of stories and examples to tell to demonstrate your ability to handle various situations that might come up in your job. Use the SAC model described on page 21.

•  Bring several extra copies of your resume. •  M  aintain a professional image and treat everyone you meet with politeness and consideration. You never know who might be in the elevator or parking lot next to you or who might be asked for an opinion. •  E  xpress a positive attitude; greet your interviewer(s) with a warm smile, direct eye contact, and a firm handshake. •  B  e mindful of non-verbal communication. Maintain eye contact, sit up straight, and avoid crossing your arms across your chest. •  K  eep your answers brief; no more than 2 minutes per question.

The Career Center at East Carolina University  •  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  www.ecu.edu/career  19

Interviews

Research the Company

•  O  btain a list of potential interview questions and decide how you would answer them. Take the time to write the answers down and practice saying them out loud. See page 21 for likely questions.


Perform (continued) •  M  ost interviews begin with: “Tell me about yourself.” This is not a request for personal information; it is your first opportunity to highlight your education and experiences as they relate to the position in a well-prepared Power Greeting. See the Power Greeting found on page 28. •  D  on’t try to memorize “the right answer” to interview questions. Instead, answer with the idea in mind that each question is a version of “Why are you the right person for the job?” which is best answered by giving examples of successes that align with the job needs. •  A  nswer questions to demonstrate what you can do for the company, not what the company can do for you. •  I f you are interested in the position, say so. Surprisingly, many interviewees neglect to let the interviewer know that they truly want the position. “Thank you for inviting me to meet with you today. After meeting with you and learning more about the position I am sure that I would like to be a part of your team.” •  A  t the end of the interview, summarize why you are the best match for the position and thank the interviewer(s) for the opportunity to meet with them. Ask for business cards.

Follow Up

Interviews

•  S  end a thank you within 24 hours of the interview. You may call or phone, but a handwritten note or card is especially effective. •  C  all within the week to ask if additional information is needed and to re-express your interest.

Phone Interviews •  Schedule your phone interview at a time when you can be in a quiet space without interruption. •  Be available at the interview time to which you agreed. •  S  peak clearly and maintain a reasonable volume and pace. If you are asked more than once to repeat an answer, you are probably speaking too softly or quickly, or both. Slow down and speak up. •  Y  our voice should convey energy and confidence. Some people find that smiling when answering questions helps them sound upbeat and positive. •  Y  ou might find it helpful to have your written answers handy, and/or the company’s website open on the computer. If you choose this route, glance at the answers now and again, but do not read the responses verbatim. Also, avoid using the keyboard as the keying will be obvious to the listeners. •  D  ress as if you were meeting face to face. Wear a suit or professional business attire. You will be more likely to speak, move, and act professionally if you are professionally dressed. When you are lounging around in your sweats, your demeanor is likely to come across as too casual. Skype Interviews •  Practice operating the technology in advance until you are comfortable with it. Have a backup plan in place should the technology fail. •  Wear a suit or professional business attire.

Handling Phone and Skype Interviews While face to face interviews are still the preferred interview model for final hiring decisions, some recruiters utilize phone and skype interviews to narrow the interview pool to a short list.

•  B  e mindful of the background and location of your interview. The area should be uncluttered and project a professional image. •  Practice interviewing in front of the camera. •  B  e careful not to fidget or bob in and out of the camera’s view.

Opportunites to Practice Interviewing The ECU Career Center offers a wide range of opportunities for you to prepare and practice interviewing. Try one or try them all.

OPTIONS Practice by phone or face to face with a Career Counselor.

AVAILABILITY M-F 9am – 4pm

HOW TO SCHEDULE Call 328-6050 to schedule an appointment.

Practice by phone or face to face with a professional from the business community.

Selected days, dates, and times.

Visit www.ecu.edu/career for details on dates, times, and registration.

Practice by phone or face to face with a professional from the business community as part of the HIRED program.

Registered classes only.

Visit www.ecu.edu/career for details on dates, times, and registration.

20  www.ecu.edu/career 

•  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  The Career Center at East Carolina University


Questions Behavioral Questions Many recruiters use a technique known as “behavioral interviewing” as part of the interview process. Instead of, or in addition to asking hypothetical questions about how you would behave in various situations, behavioral questions ask what you did or how you handled a particular situation. Typically behavioral interview questions revolve around work experiences, initiative, planning, teamwork, problem-solving, leadership, and collaboration. Anticipate that you might be asked to explain or talk about times when you demonstrated these behaviors and prepare and practice your answers in advance.

The SAC Model Use the SAC model (Situation, Action, Consequence) to set up a situation, describe the action you took, and the favorable consequence or outcome. Be specific; don’t forget that you should be the hero of the story.

Example: Tell me about a time that you had to work with a difficult person. S. Last semester I was working on a group project. When we were at an important stage, one of the teammates stopped coming to meetings and doing his part. We called and texted and emailed him over and over but he never responded. A.  One afternoon I went to his house to talk to him in person. I told him that the team was concerned about him and frustrated because we were counting on him. He said that he was sorry to let us down but he was failing Chemistry and was preoccupied. I got him in touch with one of my friends who is a Chemistry major, and they set up some tutoring sessions. C. Once my teammate started working with my friend and doing better in class he returned to the group and did his part and even more. The project was finished on time, we all got a good grade, and our teammate passed Chemistry.

Other Questions

• Tell me about yourself. • Why did you choose to interview with our organization? • What do you know about our organization products or services?

• Describe your ideal job. • What do you consider to be your greatest strengths and weaknesses? • Of which three accomplishments are you most proud? • Who are your role models? Why? • What motivates you most in a job? • Where do you want to be in five years? Ten years? • Do you prefer to work under supervision or on your own? • Describe your preferred style of supervision. • Would you be successful working with a team? • Do you prefer large or small organizations? Why? • Tell me about a time when you worked in an unstructured environment. •  Have you had difficulty getting along with a former professor/ supervisor/co-worker? How did you handle it? •  Have you ever had any failures? What did you learn from them?

Experience • What job-related skills have you developed? • Did you work while going to school? In what positions? • What did you learn from these work experiences? • Why should we hire you rather than another candidate? • What did you enjoy most about your last employment? Least? • Have you ever quit a job? Why? • How do you think a former supervisor would • describe your work? • Can you tell me about a time when you had to manage multiple deadlines? •  Give an example of a situation in which you provided a solution to an employer. •  Give an example of a time in which you worked under deadline pressure.

Education-Oriented Questions • How does your college education or work experience relate to this job? • Why did you choose your major? • Why did you choose to attend your college or university? • Describe how your campus activities helped prepare you for this position. • Which classes in your major did you like best? Least? Why? • Which elective classes did you like best? Least? Why? • Do your grades accurately reflect your ability? Why or why not?

Questions to Ask Employers • Specific questions about the job are better asked during second meetings or with Human Resources staff. Ask more general questions that show your interest in the industry or organization. • What is the biggest challenge the industry will face over the next six months? • Is there a service or product that you would like to offer your customers that is not currently being offered? • What products are in the development stage? • How would you describe the company culture?

Examples of Behavioral Questions are written in italics above.

The Career Center at East Carolina University  •  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  www.ecu.edu/career  21

Interviews

Opening Questions


Dressing for the Interview What Should I Wear?

Tips and Reminders

Wear a suit. When you wear a suit you communicate that you are serious about the position and that you respect the process, the position, the company, and the interviewer. If the company or position is casual, you may be tempted to dress down. However, for the interview, you should dress up. Once you have been offered the position, you can adjust your attire to the company culture. If you feel strongly that wearing a suit would be inappropriate, call the company in advance to inquire what is considered proper interview attire.

Don’t forget the little details. If you are expecting to receive calls for interviews, make sure that your outgoing phone message conveys a professional image. Record the message in your own voice and use your first and last name. Speak slowly and clearly. The message should be free of background noises, and should not include jokes or music.

Males • Dark suits (black or navy) in natural fabrics (wool or cotton) are safe bets • Polished dress shoes (solid heels, complete soles, and no scuffs) • Dark suit, dark socks. Light suit, light socks. (Not white) • Ties should be conservative, limited to small patterns or solid colors

• Call the day before to confirm the interview time. • Take a trial drive beforehand to make sure that you know the way and travel time; your GPS is not fail proof. • Bring a list of questions, extra copies of your resume, and pen/paper to make notes. • Take a last glance in the mirror. Check that your tie is spot free and your teeth are free of lipstick or food. • Turn off your phone. • No gum.

Interviews

• Pockets should be free from bulging wallets, tobacco products, or jingling coins • Remove earrings and other piercings; cover up visible tattoos • Facial hair and nails should be clean and cut short.

Females • Pant suit or dress suit in conservative colors--black, navy, grey • Skirt lengths that are not revealing (no higher than 2 inches above knee) • Makeup should be minimal and hair neatly styled and away from your face

Me too—with interview tips I found in the ECU Career Resource Guide. I feel great! I just rocked my interview.

My H.I.R.E.D. interview session at the Career Center really paid off. I aced my phone interview and have a face to face interview tomorrow.

• Avoid flashy, excessive jewelry, remove body piercings, and cover visible tattoos • Wear polished pumps or dress flats • Non-textured, neutral hose or socks that complement your attire • Clear or conservative nail polish on an appropriate nail length • Small purse

22  www.ecu.edu/career 

•  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  The Career Center at East Carolina University

I worked with my Career Counselor to practice. It really boosted my confidence and helped me feel prepared. P.S. I start my new job next week!


Jobs & Internships Set UpECU YourCareerNET ECU CareerNET Account Set Up Your Account  

What is ECU CareerNET?

ECU CareerNET is the Career Center’s exclusive job and internship Database where you can find employers and employers can find you.

Ways to Use ECU CareerNET:

Follow These Three Easy Steps to set Up Your ECU CareerNET Account:

• Jobs & Internships: Access hundreds of current professional jobs and internships as well as local part time and full time

jobs.

Job Alerts: Set up job alerts and receive a message when the job you want is posted.

Step 1: Registration •

Go to www.ecu.edu/careernet

Enter your Pirate ID, which is your ECU email login (e.g. smithj09) and a unique password will be sent to your email.

• Electronic Storage: Upload your resumes, cover letters, and references to be visible to employers that are actively recruiting. • Employer Searches: Access thousands of employers and contacts. Search by industry and location. • Announcements: Learn of upcoming events and sign up for on-campus interviews and employer visits.

Step 2: Complete Your Profile Type and fill in all requested information (contact, academic and job search details)

Complete your entire profile. An incomplete profile will limit the ECU CareerNET features that you can use.

• Applications: Apply directly for jobs and track the status of your applications. *You must have a valid Pirate ID in order to login to the system. If you are an alumnus, you may call the Career Center at 252-328-6050 and request that an account be made for you. Signing up for ECU CareerNET certifies that you have read and Voluntarily agree to the Student Disclaimer Agreement.

Step 3: Upload a Resume •

Meet with a Career Counselor in the ECU Career Center to discuss and/or critique your resume

Have your Career Counselor approve the final resume draft

Log on to your ECU CareerNET and upload your resume.

The Career Center at East Carolina University  •  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  www.ecu.edu/career  23

Jobs & Internships


Getting the Most Out of a Career Fair Many employers use career fairs—both on and off campus—to promote their opportunities and to pre-screen applicants. Career fairs come in all shapes and sizes, from small community-sponsored events to giant regional career expositions held at major convention centers. Most career fairs consist of booths and/or tables staffed by recruiters and other representatives from each organization. For on-campus events, some employers also send alumni representatives. An employer’s display area could be a simple table with a stack of brochures and business cards and a lone representative or an elaborate multimedia extravaganza with interactive displays, videos, posters and a team of recruiters. Knowing how to navigate a career fair properly could mean the difference between getting the internship or job you want or never hearing from the employer. Here are some helpful tips to successful career fair navigation.

Career Fair Etiquette

Dress the Part The appropriate attire for career fair attendees is what you would wear to an actual job interview. In most cases, “business professional” is the norm. If you’re unsure of the dress code (particularly for off-campus events), it would be wise to err on the overdressed side—you’ll make a better impression if you appear professional. Think of it as a dress rehearsal for your real interviews!

What to Bring Remember to bring copies of your resume (or resumes, if you have several versions tailored to different career choices), a few pens and pencils (have backups—they have a way of disappearing), a folder or portfolio and some sort of notetaking device (a paper or electronic pad). Keep track of the recruiters with whom you speak and send follow-up notes to the ones who interest you. Don’t bring your backpack; it’s cumbersome for you, it gets in the way of others and it screams “student!” instead of “candidate!”

Stop, Look and Listen Keep your eyes and ears open—there’s nothing wrong with subtly eavesdropping on the questions asked and answers received by your fellow career fair attendees. You might pick up some valuable information, in addition to witnessing some real-life career search “dos and don’ts.”

Jobs & Internships

Be Proactive In order to maximize your career fair experience, you must be an active participant and not just a browser. If all you do is stroll around, take company literature and load up on the ubiquitous freebies, you really haven’t accomplished anything worthwhile (unless you’re a collector of key chains, mousepads and pocket flashlights). It is essential to chat with the company representatives and ask meaningful questions. Modify your “Power Greeting” to include information you know about the employer.

1.  D  on’t interrupt the employer reps or your fellow jobseekers. If someone else is monopolizing the employer’s time, try to make eye contact with the rep to let him or her know that you are interested in speaking. You may be doing a favor by giving the recruiter an out. If all else fails, move to the next exhibit and plan to come back later. 2.  Don’t just drop your resume on employers’ display tables. Try to get it into a person’s hands and at least say a few words. If the scene is too busy and you can’t get a word in edgewise, jot a note on your resume to the effect of, “You were so busy that we didn’t get a chance to meet. I’m very interested in talking to you.” Look around the display for the recruiter’s business card (or at the very least, write down his or her name and get some literature with the company’s address) and send a follow-up note and another copy of your resume. 3.  Sincerity always wins. Don’t lay it on too thick, but don’t be too blasé either. Virtually all employers are looking for candidates with good communication skills. 4.  If you know ahead of time that one of your “dream companies” is going to be at the career fair, do some prior research (at minimum, visit their web site and company information provided on Hoover’s Online). A little advance preparation goes a long way and can make you stand out among the masses of other attendees. 5.  If you have a real interest in an employer, find out the procedures required to secure an interview. At some career fairs, initial screening interviews may be done on the spot. Other times, the career fair is used to pre-screen applicants for interviews to be conducted later (either on campus or at the employer’s site).

You’re a Prospector—Start Digging The questions you ask at a career fair depend upon your goals. Are you interested in finding out about a particular career field? Then ask generalized questions about working within the industry. If you’re seeking career opportunities with a specific employer, focus your questions on the application and interview process, and ask for specific information about that employer.

Fair Thee Well By all means, try to attend at least one career fair before beginning your formal job interviewing process. For new entrants into the professional career marketplace, this is a good way to make the transition into “self-marketing mode” without the formality and possible intimidation of a one-onone job interview. Career fairs are an opportunity too valuable to miss.

24  www.ecu.edu/career 

•  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  The Career Center at East Carolina University


Job Search Strategies: Pros and Cons In addition to job search options and networking offered through the ECU Career Center (ECU CareerNET, Career Fairs, Employer Information Sessions), there are many other ways to look for a job. Presented below are some common job search strategies in addition to helpful hints, pros and cons of each. It is most effective to use multiple strategies when searching for a job. Organization is key to staying on top of the job search process. Keep copies of all positions for which you apply and detailed notes about every communication/interaction you have with each employer.

STRATEGY

TOOLS

PROS

CONS

HELPFUL HINTS

• Newspapers • Journals • Newsletters • Trade magazines • Cover letters • Targeted Resumes

Involves minimal investment of time in identifying companies. Resume and cover letter are sent for actual job opening.

Resume and cover letter will compete with large number of others. Ads follow job market; least effective in times of economic downturn. Be wary if you, instead of the employer, have to pay a fee.

• Use a selective/ targeted approach • Use as a gauge on how the job market looks in a certain career field. • Try to get your materials in as early as possible.

TEMPORARY AGENCIES Check phone book for names of agencies to contact.

• Resumes • Business attire

Good for summer or part-time employment. Explore jobs and gain experience in the field as well as an inside look at a company without commitment.

Not all temporary jobs are made permanent.

• Identify agencies that specialize in your field. • Check with agencies often for new openings,

INTERNET Search online job banks and company web sites. Submit resume online/ post on job boards.

• Access to the Web • Electronic resume and cover letter

Actual job openings. Many employers use a wide variety of job listing services. Many listings have free to lowcost access. Worldwide geographic reach.

Competition is growing as use of the web increases. Pay attention to multiple listings—one position listed on a few sites—to avoid applying multiple times. Be wary if an employer asks for upfront fees in order to work for their company.

• Use the web frequently as information and sites change quickly. • May need to conduct your search at off-peak times (early morning or late at night).

TARGETED MAILING Develop a good prospecting and cover letter tailored to a specific type of job and the needs of the company. Send letter with resume to selected companies.

• List of well-researched companies • Use Hoover’s Online to research employers at www.ecu.edu/lib • Tailored prospecting and/or cover letters • Resumes

Better approach than the mass-mailing method. Investment of time and effort should merit stronger response from employers.

Requires a significant investment of time in researching companies and writing cover letters as well as following up with contacts.

• Try to find out who is in charge of the area in which you want to work; send your materials to that person. Great method when used in conjunction with networking.

IN-PERSON VISITS Visit many companies. Ask to see person in specific department. Submit resume and application, if possible.

• Business attire • Company address list • Resumes

Resume and application are on file with the company. Shows employers you take initiative.

Requires a great deal of time to make a relatively small number of contacts.

• Research the companies prior to your visit. Ask for a specific person or ask about a specific type of job. Conduct information interviews

NETWORKING Talk to everyone you know to develop a list of possible contacts; ask for information on job/companies and to circulate your resume. ON-CAMPUS RECRUITING Follow specific procedures to secure on-campus interviews. Call the Career Center for more information.

• List of contacts • Resumes • Business attire • Networking/business cards

May learn of unadvertised openings. May result in a courtesy interview. Often results in a closer match of your interests to a job.

A contact in itself is not enough to get you a job. You may exhaust all leads without landing a job. Quite time-consuming.

• Follow through on all leads. • Keep broadening your network of contacts. • Develop a system to stay organized and remember contacts.

• ECU ECU CareerNET to schedule interviews • Employer literature • Resumes • Business attire

One of the primary ways in which companies recruit for technical and business positions.

May be less effective for nontechnical/ non­business candidates.

• Use the interview schedule as a way to identify possible employers, even if you don’t get to interview on campus with those employers.

RESUME REFERRAL Register with one of the many national referral services. As jobs are listed by employers, the data bank of registrants is searched for matches. If your materials match, they are sent to the employers.

• Registration form supplied by service

Another way to monitor the job market and get your qualifications to the attention of employers.

May involve a fee. Often more helpful to those in technical or specialized fields. May not learn of the status of your materials.

• Use only in with other job search strategies.

Adapted and reprinted with permission from Career Services, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA. The Career Center at East Carolina University  •  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  www.ecu.edu/career  25

Jobs & Internships

WANT ADS Scan want ads. Mail resume with cover letter tailored to specific job qualifications.


Identify Employers in Your Field!

Hoover’s Online is a business research platform that permits searching U.S. and international company listings by industry, size, and geography, exporting the data into a spreadsheet. This can be a helpful tool for jobseekers who are interested in determining companies they may want to work for and can be used to learn more about organizations in a field of interest. The database includes details on approximately 85 million companies. Most listings include business descriptions, company size details, contact names and links to company websites where you may find job postings or additional details that will allow you to build targeted networking communications. Hoover’s also allows users to download this information into Excel spreadsheets that will help job seekers stay organized.

Accessing Hoover’s

Using Hoover’s

1.  V  isit Joyner Library’s Electronic Databases list at: http:// media.lib.ecu.edu/erdbs/

From the Hoover’s homepage, users will find access to training webinars and resources that will allow them to most effectively use the system. However, most individuals using Hoover’s for building a list of potential employers will likely be comfortable navigating through the following simple steps:     • Click “Build A List”

2.  S  earch for Hoover’s Online or click the H tab and you will see it listed below 3.  O  nce you see Hoover’s in the list, click on it     • On-Campus Users: Those logged-onto the campus network will be immediately directed to the Hoover’s website and no further log-in will be needed.

Jobs & Internships

    • Off-Campus Users: Those accessing Hoover’s from off-campus will be prompted to enter their PirateID and Passphrase. This access is only available to individuals with a valid ECU Piratemail account (alumni will not have access).     • Note: Joyner Library offers public access to computers on the campus network. Many public libraries also offer access to Hoover’s and may be able to provide offsite access options as well.

    • Use the “+” signs to expand list option categories and make appropriate selections. Most users begin by specifying preferences only in the “Company Location” and “Industry” sections, later editing their search to add additional criteria/further narrow.     • Click “View Results” at the bottom right corner of the page.     • Explore detailed information on each listing by clicking on the company names and/or use the “Export” button on the bottom right corner of the page to download the information into an Excel or CSV file.

Step 1: Registration   •  Go to www.ecu.edu/careernet   •  E  nter your Pirate ID, which is your ECU email login (e.g. smithj09) and a unique password will be sent to your email.

Step 2: Complete Your Profile   •  Type and fill in all requested information (contact, academic and job search details).   •  C  omplete your entire profile. An incomplete profile will limit the ECU CareerNET features that you can use.

Step 3: Search Employer Database   •  S  earch and access thousands of employers and contacts. Narrowing down results by industry and location.

26  www.ecu.edu/career 

•  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  The Career Center at East Carolina University


Networking Network Your Way to a Job Statistics state that 66% of people receive jobs through knowing someone, which is evidence as to why networking is so critical in finding a future job. In addition, 79% of college graduates say networking is an effective job search tool (New Grad Life, 2011). Although networking is effective, for some students, talking to potential employers can be intimidating. Below are tips on networking that can help you get noticed by a prospective employer.

Prepare to Network 1.  Outline what information you want to gain in order to accomplish your career goals. 2.  Practice your “Power Greeting”. 3.  Create personal business cards which include: your name, university, degree with date of graduation, any professional social media websites you utilize, and quick information about your experiences and skills. If the card is unique, it will help employers remember you. 4.  Identify who is currently in your network. Start by listing everyone you know who could be helpful in your job search which can include family members, friends, professors, neighbors, classmates, supervisors, and co-workers. 5.  Attend and participate in meetings and events for organizations in your field of interest.

Build Your Network 1.  Ask your networking contacts for advice on how you can reach your career goals. Never ask for a job. 2.  Your contacts will not always have a job opening available at their company. Don’t get discouraged by this. Remember they may know someone else who does have an open position. Utilize this information to expand your network. 3.  Continue to increase the number of people in your network by gaining additional referrals through people already in your network.

Maintain Your Network

How to Start and End Networking Conversations Conversation Starters 1.  Be willing to share information about yourself. Hi, my name is Roger and I work at X Company as a Consultant. I’ve been at the company for 5 years but have only worked as a Consultant for 2 years. What about you? 2.  If there is someone who works at a company or in a position you’re interested in, seek their advice. I see that you are a Laboratory Technician. I would eventually like to be in a similar position. Is there any advice you can share with me on what I can do to prepare to work in that position? 3.  If this is your first time attending a networking event, scope out someone who seems to have a good feel for the event. I’ve never been to this event before. It seems as if you are a veteran. Is there anything I should know about this event? Do you have any advice?

Conversation Enders 1.  Even if you are talking to someone that fits your interests, there will be a time when you will need to move on to meet new people. “I need to go right now but, Josh, it was great meeting and talking with you. Before I go, do you have a business card so I can contact you in the future? Thanks. I look forward to talking with you again.” 2.  Sometimes you will meet people that just don’t fit what you are looking for at the event and need to professionally move on to someone else. “Samantha, it was great talking with you. Have a great evening.”

Networking for the Introvert For introverts, it can be more difficult to have a quick conversation. If you consider yourself to be an introvert, below are some tips that are specifically for you. 1.  During the networking event, stand or sit where there are less people so you don’t get distracted by the other conversations going on around you. 2.  Practice your “Power Greeting” so you get used to talking about your skills and capabilities. 3.  Practice conversation starters. 4.  Arrive early to the networking event so you can get acclimated to the environment. This will also allow you to feel more comfortable getting involved with conversations.

The Career Center at East Carolina University  •  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  www.ecu.edu/career  27

Networking

1.  When you begin networking, it will seem as if you have a lot of business cards, but no leads. Do not be discouraged. As with any relationship, it takes time to build rapport. 2.  Develop a contact list of the people in your network and keep it updated. List any additional information, such as when and where you met, name of the company at which they work, their position, dates of when you contacted them, etc. Keep track of anything that will help you remember specific details about individual contacts. 3.  Send your new contact an e-mail to reiterate your interest in your conversation as well as to suggest an additional phone or in-person meeting to continue

your conversation. Continue to stay in touch with your network even when you no longer need something. You never know when they might be able to assist you in your long-term career goals.


Develop Your Power Greeting A Power Greeting is like a “30-second commercial.” It provides just enough information to make the listener want to know more about you and sets a professional tone for the rest of your interaction. A Power Greeting is composed of three distinct parts and a follow-up question: 1.  Your education and credentials (what you have studied). 2.  Your experience in the field (employment, internship/co-op, volunteer positions). 3.  Your strengths and interests (what you do best and enjoy, as related to the position or employer). 4.  An open-ended probing question about their needs, prob¬lems, and challenges.

Anytime

When to Use the Power Greeting Networking Events Power Greetings can be used at networking events or professional conferences to confidently introduce yourself and share relevant information to colleagues and potential employers.

Power Greetings are also referred to as elevator pitches. If you were to meet a dream employer during an elevator ride, you should be able to catch their attention with a compelling statement about yourself. Utilize the Power Greeting to impress anyone at any time.

Here’s an Example:

Career Fairs Use your Power Greeting during a career fair or recruiting event to introduce yourself to an employer. Make sure to show off your research on their organization and make a clear connection between yourself and the employer.

Interviews Nearly every interview begins with “Tell me about yourself.” Responding with a well-prepared Power Greeting sets the tone for the rest of the interaction, creates a favorable first impression, and shows strong communication skills.

Hello, my name is Pete Robertson and I hold a Bachelor’s degree in Industrial Technology from East Carolina University with a minor in Business Administration. I have a year and a half experience in the field through a Summer Internship with NACCO Material Handling Group in Greenville, NC, and a two-semester co-op position with National Waterworks in Charlotte, NC. I have discovered that I excel at supply chain management and Just-in-Time delivery challenges. I chose this field because I enjoy finding new ways of solving problems, I am a hands-on person, and I like getting into the thick of things and dealing with tangible, concrete problems. What role does logistics play in your business?

Your Turn Hello, my name is (only if they do not know it) __________________ and I hold a degree in ______________

Networking

from East Carolina University. (add your minor/concentration if relative)

I have _____ semesters/years/months/etc. experience in the field of_____________ and through ____________ I have discovered that I excel at _______________. I chose this field because _______________.

I believe that I can contribute to your organization by __________________. (relate to employer’s needs)

How does this play a role in your organization? (probing question to engage employer)

28  www.ecu.edu/career 

•  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  The Career Center at East Carolina University


Use Social Media to Network and Find a Job Quick Tips for Using Facebook for Professional Networking • First, make a decision whether to keep Facebook social or expand it to include professional purposes.

Like us: Facebook.com/ ECUcareer center

• If you decide to use Facebook for professional networking, take a close look at your Profile and decide what you want business contacts or prospective employers to see, changing your privacy setting if needed. • Create a simple profile (or clean up your existing one) with minimal graphics and widgets.

• Limit the photos you post and post content relevant to your job search or career aspirations. • Use Facebook email to build relationships with your friends. • Choose your friends wisely. Remember your friends can see information. • Utilize social media job searching resources like: www.inthedoor.com, which links your Facebook to Indeed, a national job search engine.

10 Tips for Using Twitter for Professional Networking

Follow us: @ECUCareerNet

1.  Learn Twitter

7.  Use Proper Keywords for Others to Search

2.   Set up a Professional Account 3.  Include Bio and Resume

8.  U  se Other Twitter Jobs Websites: twitterjobsearch.com, tweetmyjobs.com, jobshouts.com

4.  Tweet Often on Job Searching and Career Goals

9.  Learn How to Retweet

5.  Follow Others Related to Your Career

10.  Reach out to HR contacts

6.  Learn to Use Hashtags Properly: #JobSearch Source: http://www.resumark.com/job-resources/job-networking/how-to-find-a¬job-on-twitter-----10-job-2-0-networking-tips.html

Tips for Using LinkedIn for Professional Networking and Job Searching Build your network before you need it No matter how the economy or your career is doing, having a strong network is a good form of job security. Get the word out Tell your networks that you are looking Join us: LinkedIn.com

Find out where people with your backgrounds are working Search for keywords, industries, educational backgrounds Find out where people at a company came from “Company Profiles” show the career path of current employees Find out where people from a company go next “Company Profiles” also tell you where employees leave to

Get to the hiring manager Look for manager’s two degrees away and connect with them Get to the right HR person Find someone in the company you know to give the manager your resume Find out the secret job requirements Find a connection to give you inside information on the job and company Find startups to join Search for startup companies in your industry for new opportunities

Source: http://blog.guykawasaki.com/2009/02/10-ways-to-use.html#ixzz0UgOIOYbr The Career Center at East Carolina University  •  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  www.ecu.edu/career  29

Networking

Get LinkedIn recommendations from your colleagues Show future employers your strengths and unique qualities

Check if a company is still hiring Check the “New Hires” company page for details on new employees


Informational Interviewing: A Smart Way to Learn From the Inside What is informational interviewing? Quite simply, it is a meeting in which an individual can meet with an industry or organization professional to learn about field(s) of interest and establish a professional contact. It is not a job interview.

Aren’t professionals too busy?

Smart Tip: Set Yes, but... many people enjoy talking the meeting to about themselves, discussing their field, accommodate the schedule and and sharing information about their convenience. of the pathway to success. Most, if asked approprofessional. priately, are willing to meet and answer career-related questions. Depending upon the professional and his or her schedule, the interviews can be conducted in person, by phone, or perhaps even by email or Skype.

How do I set up an informational interview? Develop a list of potential contacts in the field. Call in advance to request an appointment. Explain why you are calling; be polite, positive, and professional. You may want to rehearse beforehand. If you receive a “no,” move on to the next contact on your list.

How long should the interview last?

Set your interview for 15-30 minutes and DO NOT exceed the time to which you both agreed.

Should I give my resume to the contact? If you are seeking a job/internship now or will begin soon, you may ask your contact to keep you in mind if any prospects or opportunities arise. It is acceptable to leave a copy of your resume or send one along with a thank you note. Be sure that your resume is up to date, polished, and targeted.

Smart Tip: Visit the Career Center and meet with a counselor to critique your resume before the interview.

How should I prepare for the interview? Research the company’s website and visit your contact’s LinkedIn site for context and background. You can also use

www.inthedoor.com on Facebook to find out if anyone you know is employed at the company.

Is there anything I should not ask? Overly personal questions such as “what is your salary?” are clearly off limits. Also avoid asking questions whose answers you could easily find on your own such as “What does your company do?”

Smart Tip: Practice asking your questions beforehand so that you can focus on the answers and sound confident and professional.

What should I ask? When developing questions keep in mind that your goal is to develop a relationship with someone in a company or organization of interest to you and to learn more about the field or industry. See sample questions below.

Should I send a thank you note? Absolutely. Thank the individual for sharing his or her time and expertise and indicate how you plan to use what you learned or what steps you have already taken as a result of the conversation.

Potential Informational Interview Questions Networking

Career Path/Career Development Can you tell me how you got into to this field? Are specific majors or coursework necessary for entering and succeeding in the field? What does a typical career path look like in your industry? What professional or trade associations do you recommend? What do you read—in print and online—to keep up with developments in your field?

About the Field/Industry Can you describe a typical day? What are some of the biggest challenges facing your company and your industry today?

30  www.ecu.edu/career 

How do you see your industry changing in the next 10 years? What do you like most about what your field and what would you change if you could? What is unique about your company?

Concluding Questions Can you recommend other professionals in this field with whom I should speak? May I use your name when I contact them? May I contact you again if I have further questions?

•  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  The Career Center at East Carolina University

Smart Tip: When you receive an offer for a job or internship, noify your contacts. Tell them about the position and thank them for their help.


Graduate School Considering Graduate School? During your college career, you must decide what you would like to do after graduation. This may include whether or not to attend graduate school. If you’re trying to determine whether graduate school is right for you, here are some tools to help you make an informed decision.

6.  Demographics and Culture

Is Graduate School for You?

7.  Publications and Faculty Research

Label each statement below as True, False, or Unknown. Every statement marked true is a reason for you to consider graduate school. _____ 1. If I do not go to graduate school now, I may never go. _____ 2. I can get a job in my field without a graduate degree, but need one in my specialized area of interest. _____ 3. I am unsure of my career goals and graduate school will help me clarify my interests. _____ 4. I am actively exploring both graduate school and direct entry into the market place. _____ 5. My professors are encouraging me to attend graduate/professional school. _____ 6. I cannot work in my field of interest without a graduate degree. _____ 7. The job market is crowded and a graduate degree will make me more competitive. _____ 8. A graduate degree will significantly increase my entry level salary. _____ 9. I like school; I am not ready to leave the academic environment. ____ 10. I have career-related experience as part of my background. ____ 11. I have always known that I would go directly from undergraduate school into graduate study. ____ 12. Most students entering my field go to graduate study directly from undergraduate school.

9 Factors to Consider: 1.  Geographical Area Consider whether you can afford in-state vs. out-of-state tuition, how much you can spend on travel expenses, how far you want to be from loved ones, internship and employment opportunities in the region and how far-reaching the programs reputation is.

2. Finances Consider how much you can pay toward tuition, books, housing, living expenses, etc. Are you interested in fellowships, scholarships, tuition waivers or graduate assistant stipends, and are they available?

3.  Experiential Learning

4. Reputation Are the programs accredited by the appropriate accreditation boards?

5. Quality Consider the quality of the academic courses, the library, the equipment or labs, advising, etc.

How well known are professors in the academic marketplace? Do you wish to study or conduct research under a particular “expert” in the field who teaches at a particular institution?

8. Requirements How many credit hours (or years) is the program? Does the program require students to take comprehensive finals (final exams which cover the entire curriculum), or research and write a thesis?

9.  Preparation/Placement Record What types of positions have previous graduates of the program gone on to hold?

Going to graduate school might be a good idea if you...   • want to be a professor, lawyer, doctor, investment banker or work in any profession that requires a post-secondary education.   • wish to develop additional expertise in a particular subject or field to maximize your future earning potential and opportunities for career advancement.   • are deeply interested in a particular subject and wish to study it in-depth—AND have the time and financial resources to devote to further education.

Going to graduate school might not be a good idea if you...   • are trying to delay your entry into the “real world” with real responsibilities and real bills.   • are unsure about your career goals and/or lack careerrelated experiences.   • aren’t prepared to devote the time and hard work needed to succeed.   • want to stay in school longer to avoid a poor job market.

Is it better to work first or attend graduate school immediately after I complete my undergraduate degree? Work first if...   • you would like to get some real-world work experience before investing thousands of dollars in a graduate degree.   • the graduate school of your choice prefers work experience (most MBA and some Ph.D. programs require this).   • you cannot afford to go to graduate school now, and you haven’t applied for any scholarships, grants, fellowships and assistantships, which could pay for a great deal of your education.

Go to graduate school now if...   • you are absolutely sure you need a graduate degree to pursue your dream job.   • you have been awarded grants, fellowships, scholarships or assistantships that will help pay for your education.

The Career Center at East Carolina University  •  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  www.ecu.edu/career  31

Graduate School

Does the school offer graduate assistantships? If so, are they related to your studies and will they afford you related practical or professional experience, or only teaching experience?

Consider these factors for both the student body and the faculty. What is your impression of faculty/student interaction? How is morale of the department? Do you “fit” with the environment?


• you’re concerned that once you start earning real money, you won’t be able to return to the lifestyle of a “poor” student.   • your study habits and mental abilities are at their peak, and you worry whether you’ll have the discipline (or motivation) to write papers and study for exams in a few years.

How will I pay for tuition, books, fees and living expenses?   • Family: You’ve likely borrowed from them in the past; maybe you’re lucky enough for it to still be a viable option.   • Student Loans: Even if you’ve taken out loans in the past, another $50,000 - $75,000 may be a sound “investment” in your future.   • Fellowships/Scholarships: A free education is always the best option.   • Teaching/Research Assistantships: Many assistantships include tuition waivers plus a monthly stipend.   • Employer Sponsorship: Did you know that some companies actually pay for you to continue your education? The catch is they usually expect you to continue working for them after you complete your degree so they can recoup their investment.

Assuming I want to go to graduate school in the near future, what should I do now?   • Identify your true strengths, interests and values to help you discover what is right for YOU - not your friends or parents.   • Keep your grades up and sign up (and prepare) to take the required standardized tests.   • Talk to faculty, friends and family who have gone to graduate school to get their perspective about the differences between being an undergraduate and a graduate student.   • Talk to faculty, friends and family who are in your targeted profession to get a realistic sense of the career path and the challenges associated with the work they do.   • Investigate creative ways to finance your education - by planning ahead you may reduce your debt.   • Research graduate schools to help you find a good match.   • Investigate the admissions process and the current student body profile of your targeted schools to evaluate your probability for admission.   • Have faith and APPLY! Remember, you can’t get in unless you apply. Written by Roslyn J. Bradford

Write a Winning Personal Statement How to Set Yourself Apart With a Unique Personal Statement Writing an essay or personal statement is often the most difficult part of the application, as well as the most distinguishing. It is the one portion of the application that allows you to really set yourself apart and tell the admissions committee what you have to offer that is unique from other applicants. It should be something that only you could write and does not resemble what all other applicants are likely writing. It should be well thought out, a clear, succinct statement showing that you have a definite sense of your goals, and be grammatically perfect.

Types of Essays Some programs request only 1 or 2 paragraphs about why you want to pursue graduate study. Others require 5 or 6 separate essays in which you are expected to write at length about you motivation for graduate study, your strengths and weaknesses, your values and philosophies on a given topic, your greatest achievements, an influential life event and solutions to hypothetical problems. Business schools are notorious for requiring several time consuming essays.

Graduate School

Content A graduate school essay should be essentially a statement of your ideas or goals. Usually it includes a certain amount of personal history, but you do not have to supply autobiographical information unless required by the school. In deciding whether or not to include personal history consider its influence on your future plans and ability to distinguish you further from other applicants. Keep your essay positive and upbeat. It is better not to mention low grades or test scores unless specifically asked to. If negative circumstances must be addressed, they should: 1) be in the past; 2) be currently resolved; and 3) be unlikely to recur. Avoid long, tedious excuses. You may also wish to ask one of your references to address these issues in the recommendation letter.

32  www.ecu.edu/career 

The admissions committee may be trying to evaluate some, or all, of the following criteria:   • A clear reflection of your writing abilities (both grammatical and creative).   • The clarity, focus and depth of your thinking.   • Level of maturity.   • Reasons for deciding to pursue graduate education in a particular field and at a particular institution.   •  Motivation, commitment and enthusiasm to pursue a particular field of study.   • Major area of special interest.   • Expectations you have with regard to the program of study and career opportunities.   • Immediate and long-term goals and how previous research, education, and work experience relate to future plans

Tips   • Write down the most unique things about you. List your goals, accomplishments, and influences.   • Concentrate on the opening paragraph. Avoid “I have always wanted to be a ___.” Consider opening with an epiphany—the moment you realized your passion.   • Have an angle or a “hook” that emphasizes a distinguishing characteristic about you or a life event.   • Tell a story. Even if it includes autobiographical information, it does not have to be written chronologically.   • Demonstrate that you have researched the program(s) and know why you are choosing to apply.   • Consider the reader’s point of view. Avoid any statements that could be interpreted as dishonest.   • Less is more. Illustrate the salient points in depth and refer to supporting materials for more detail.   • Open or end with a quote that has particular relevance to you, your philosophies or the field. Source: Asher, D. (2008). Graduate admissions essays: Write your way into the graduate school of your choice. Berkeley: Ten Speed Press.

•  CAREER RESOURCE GUIDE  •  The Career Center at East Carolina University


LEADING-EDGE WEAPONS DON’T ENGINEER THEMSELVES.

LET’S GET TO WORK.

The Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR) is seeking Civilian entry-level Engineers, Scientists and Business Professionals to assume exciting and challenging jobs supporting Naval Aviation. Discover the possibilities that a Civilian Career with the Department of the Navy can offer you and build an engineering career that allows you to defend your nation. Work for NAVAIR and you’ll support our Sailors and Marines by delivering the technologies they need to complete their mission and return home safely. NAVAIR procures, develops, tests and supports Naval aircraft, weapons and related systems. To discover more about NAVAIR careers, please visit www.navair.navy.mil Equal Opportunity Employer | U.S. Citizenship Required.

C h o i c e i s yo u r s .


I am an advocate for human rights. Growing up, I spent most summers with my grandparents in Honduras. From this early time in my life, I felt inspired by public service as I witnessed family and community members organize civil improvement projects such as protecting the culture of native Garifuna people. I became increasingly aware of the importance of political freedom and economic opportunity to national development, and I became interested in pursuing a Foreign Service career. As a Foreign Service Officer (or U.S. diplomat) I have worked extensively throughout Latin America on myriad of issues from drug trafficking, human rights, poverty, women’s issues such as domestic violence, and economic security. With a passion for women’s rights and empowering them with knowledge, I have been instrumental in helping local women understand, and implement, tactics used to effectively lobby for human rights causes. In fact, I nominated a woman who received the first International Women of Courage award. My career has purpose and when I think back to those summers in Honduras, I realize that my passion for public service and dedication to improving human rights worldwide have led me to where I am today. To learn more about Heidi and careers with the U.S. Department of State, visit careers.state.gov/HACU12

Heidi, Foreign Service Officer

careers.state.gov/HACU12 U.S. citizenship is required. An equal opportunity employer.


To produce 100% natural chicken, we start with the best people. Start your career with a Fortune 1000 company that’s nationally respected for producing the finest 100% natural chicken.

Visit our website for information about Summer Internships and Trainee Programs. Positions available in Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Georgia, and North Carolina.

SandersonFarms.com/careers


BE THERE SO SHE CAN BE HERE

TOGETHERTHERE.ORG

By eighth grade, only half as many girls as boys are interested in math, science, and engineering careers. If each of us gives a girl our time and support today, she can find the courage, confidence, and character she’ll need to build a better tomorrow.


SUNDANCE Loves New Grads al

Welcome to the exception

How does SunDance define ‘exceptional’? Unparalleled commitment to resident advocacy and innovative resident-centered care programs at 525 facilities in 37 states. Everything about SunDance makes us the exceptional choice for your rehab career.

Physical Therapists • Occupational Therapists Speech Language Pathologists Unlimited CEUs online free to all full-time and part-time employees

Join the exception .

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Sundance is proud to support new grads with exciting benefits such as: • Student Loan Repayment Support • New Grad Mentoring • Relocation Assistance to many of our centers nationwide For more information about our benefits, please contact us at: SunDanceCareers@sunh.com Toll Free: 888-267-2220 We are an equal opportunity employer that believes difference is what makes us exceptional. Drug-free workplace.

Centennial is a national general contractor specializing in the management of complex construction, renovation and design/build services for government and institutional clients. In addition to being a pioneer and expert in Job Order Contracting (JOC) programs, Centennial provides solutions that are not only “best value” but integrated with the customer’s needs, budgets and operations. Our corporate office is located in Reston, Virginia about fifteen miles from the U.S. Capitol. We also have a strong local presence in over 40 offices and sites located across the United States. We continue to expand our operations as successful markets and programs generate new opportunities.

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Please visit our website at www.cce-inc.com to submit your resume and learn more about our company.

x 4.75” summer internships 100–lpi Internship Program - Centennial offers7.25” paid full-time from May August SIZE SCREEN asIO well as part-time internships during the school year. Centennial is seeking candidates 606476 4-color # NOTES working towards a BS in Construction Management or a related field. We are interested in students who strive towards academic excellence as well as possess leadership skills, integrity, and a desire to learn and advance their careers within the construction industry. Internships are offered at many of our 40 project offices across the country.

Field Engineer Positions - The role of the Field Engineer is to support and assist the Project Manager in their daily responsibilities. Our goal for the Field Engineer is to give them the training, experience and knowledge necessary so they can progress into the role of Project Manager as quickly as possible. Since Centennial does not self-perform any work, our employees perform in a management capacity to ensure that projects are completed on time and under budget. Field Engineer duties include estimating, scheduling, site management, project management, and working in a team environment focused on customer satisfaction. Centennial is an Equal Employment Opportunity Employer.


630.938.0200  •  CRMpubs.com

The Career Center 701 East 5th Street Greenville, NC 27858 252-328-6050 www.ecu.edu/career Monday - Friday • 8AM - 5PM

ECU Career Resource Guide  

A career resource for East Carolina University students.

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