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blubber / bl bə / (=blubbering) 1 (noun) The thick coat of fat worn by many arctic animals, such as sea lions, and antarctic animals, such as penguins; used to insulate warmth in the animal's body. tłuszcz wielorybi/foczy; 2 (verb) To make noises or broken words while crying. beczeć [late 14c., blober "a bubble, bubbling water; foaming waves," probably echoic of bubbling water. Original notion of "bubbling, foaming" survives in the figurative verbal meaning "to weep, cry" (c.1400).] environment / n va ərənmənt/ (=environmental, environmentalist, environmentally, environmentalism) (noun) 1 The natural world or ecosystem. środowisko naturalne: Department of the Environment Ministerstwo Ochrony Środowiska; 2 The surroundings of, and influences on, a particular item of interest. środowisko, warunki: hostile environment for man środowisko/warunki nieprzyjazne dla człowieka [c.1600, "state of being environed"; sense of "nature, conditions in which a person or thing lives" first recorded 1827 (used by Carlyle to render Ger. Umgebung); specialized ecology sense first recorded 1956.] giblets / g bləts/ (pl noun) 1 The internal organs of poultry birds, these organs being used as food. podroby drobiowe [from O.Fr. gibelet "game stew," of uncertain origin, perhaps from Frankish *gabaiti "hunting with falcons," related to O.H.G. beizan "to fly a falcon," lit. "to cause to bite," from bizzan "to bite."] journeyman /`d ə:n mən/ (noun) 1 A tradesman who has served an apprenticeship and is employed by a master tradesman. czeladnik [from journey (preserving the etymological sense of the word) + man (n.).] laconic /lə k n k/ (=laconically) (adjective) 1 Using as few words as possible; pithy and concise. lakoniczny [probably via L. Laconicus, from Gk. Lakonikos, from Lakon "person from Lakonia," the district around Sparta in southern Greece in ancient times, whose inhabitants were famously proud of their brevity of speech. When Philip of Macedon threatened them with, "If I enter Laconia, I will raze Sparta to the ground," the Spartans' reply was, "If." An earlier form was laconical (1570s).] patio / pætiə / (noun) 1 A paved outside area, adjoining a house, used for dining or recreation. taras; 2 An inner courtyard typical of traditional Spanish houses. patio [from Sp. patio probably from O.Prov. patu, pati "untilled land, communal pasture," from L. pactum "agreement" (see pact). Another theory traces the Spanish word to L. patere "to lie open."] quark /kw :k/ (noun) 1 An elementary subatomic particle which forms matter. kwark [applied by U.S. physicist Murray Gell-Mann (b.1929), who said he took it from a nonsense word in James Joyce's "Finnegans Wake" (1939).] h :səl/ (noun) 1 the practicing of something which is to be performed before an audience, rehearsal /r usually to test or improve the interaction between several participating people, or to allow technical adjustments with respect to staging to be done próba (teatralna): to be in rehearsal być w trakcie prób [late 14c., “restatement,” from rehearse + -al. Sense in theater and music is from 1570s.] t g n/ (noun) 1 A gun which fires loads consisting of small metal balls, called shot, from a shotgun / cartridge. śrutówka [1828, Amer.Eng., from shot in the sense of "lead in small pellets" (1770) + gun.] subtitle / s b ta tl / (=subtitling, subtitled) (noun) 1 A heading below or after a title. podtytuł; 2 (pl noun) Textual versions of the dialog in films, usually displayed at the bottom of the screen. napisy: an English film with Polish subtitles angielski film z polskimi napisami [1825, "subordinate or additional title," in reference to literary works, from sub- "under" + title. Applied to motion pictures first in 1909.] vinyl / va nəl/ 1 (noun) The univalent radical CH2=CH−, derived from ethylene winyl, włókno winylowe; 2 (noun) Phonograph records as a medium płyta gramofonowa; 3 (adjective) Made of polyvinyl chloride. winylowy [short for polyvinyl]
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