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BASICSPINDLECUTS -l- h. basicspindlecutsshownin this I sectiono[ the chapterwill help sharpenyour turningabilitiesfor more projectsthatyoutacklelatchallenging er on. Thesecuts includeroughing, planing,peeling,V-cuts,shouldercuts, and partingoff. Four toolsareusedfor mostbasic spindlecuts:the roughinggouge,the spindlegouge,theskewchisel,andthe partingtool.Theyaretypicallyheldin one oftwo grips:overhandor underhand.Theoverhandgrip is commonly usedto guidea tool alongthetool rest, suchaswhen roughingdown a blank (below).The underhandgrip is used for finer control,suchaswhenmaking V-grooves(page58). Onebonusof spindleturningis that you canseethe resultsofyour cutsas you will you go.Asyou gainexperience, alsobecomefamiliarwith the various From soundsofthe turning process. your firstroughingcutsto a finalplanof ing cut, thereis a definitesequence
soundsproducedas wood is being turned.By listeningcloselyto the succession of soundsemittedby thelathe,
a blqnk mountedbetweencentersprovidesthe Becauseit is spinningat high speeds, turner with an immediate and continual visual checkof a project'sprogress.In the photo above,a roughinggougebrings a small baseballbat to itsfinal shape.
TURNING A GYTINDER outthecylinder 1 Roughing I Mountvourblankbetween centers and settheappropriate speedforthesizeof theworkpiece; referto thefrontendpaper of thisbookfor a chartof lathespeeds. gouge Holding withanoverhand a roughing grip,bracethebladeonthetoolrest.Cut verylightly intotheblank, making surethe bevelis rubbing against thestockand moving thegouge smoothly alongthetool rest.(lf yourblankis longer thanthetool in twoor more rest,roughoutthecylinder steps.) Thegouge willbeginrounding the (left). the workpiece Continue corners of passes deeper along making successively h a n d l o e f t h et o o l t h eb l a n kr,a i s i ntgh e pass, are slightly witheach untiltheedges you completely rounded and havea cylinder.Adjusttheposition of thetoolrestas youprogress to keepit closeto theblank.
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you will be ableto useyour ears-as theprogress well asyour eyes-to assess ofyour work.