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3) Modernism… · · Take notes or ask your teacher Visual—have a mental image of an object or activity · Visual/Spelling—have a mental image of the word spelled-out · Auditory—Receive meaning from the sound of a word without visualization · Kinesthetic/Tactile—have a fleeting kinesthetic reaction (emotional or physical) 4) Visual learners · Visual Learners: …learn through seeing... · —have a mental image of an object or activity 5) Tips for visual learners · Use visual materials such as pictures, charts, maps, graphs, etc. · Have a clear view of your teachers when they are speaking so you can see their body language and facial expression · Use color to highlight important points in textto provide handouts · Illustrate your ideas as a picture or brainstorming bubble before writing them down · Write a story and illustrate it · Use multi-media (e.g. computers, videos, and filmstrips) · Study in a quiet place away from verbal disturbances · Read illustrated books · Visualize information as a picture to aid memorization 6) Auditory learners · Auditory Learners: …learn through listening... · Learn best through verbal lectures, discussions, talking things through and listening to what others have to say. · Interpret the underlying meanings of speech through listening to tone of voice, pitch, speed and other nuances. Written information may have little meaning until it is heard. These learners often benefit from reading text aloud and using a tape recorder. 7) Tips for auditory learners · Participate in class discussions/debates · Make speeches and presentations · Use a tape recorder during lectures instead of taking notes · Read text out aloud · Create musical jingles to aid memorization · Create mnemonics to aid memorization · Discuss your ideas verbally · Dictate to someone while they write down your thoughts · Use verbal analogies, and story telling to demonstrate your point 8) Tactile/kinesthetic learners · Tactile/Kinesthetic Learners: …learn through , moving, doing and touching... · Learn best through a hands-on approach, actively exploring the physical world around them. · May find it hard to sit still for long periods and may become distracted by their need for activity and exploration 9) Tips for tactile/kinesthetic learners · Take frequent study breaks · Move around to learn new things (e.g. read while on an exercise bike, mold a piece of


clay to learn a new concept) · Work at a standing position · Chew gum while studying · Use bright colors to highlight reading material · Dress up your work space with posters · If you wish, listen to music while you study · Skim through reading material to get a rough idea what it is about before settling down to read it in detail. 10) What’s your learning style? Let’s find out… Edmonds Learning Style Identification Exercise (ELSIE) As each word is read, circle the number indicating your response according to the following code: 1. You immediately have a mental picture of some object or activity. 2. You immediately have a picture of a word spelled out. 3. You have no immediate mental picture; the sound of the word carries the meaning. 4. You immediately experience a physical or emotional feeling about the word. 1. 1 2 3 4 13. 1 2 3 4 25. 1 2 3 4 37. 1 2 3 4 2. 1 2 3 4 14. 1 2 3 4 26. 1 2 3 4 38. 1 2 3 4 3. 1 2 3 4 15. 1 2 3 4 27. 1 2 3 4 39. 1 2 3 4 4. 1 2 3 4 16. 1 2 3 4 28. 1 2 3 4 40. 1 2 3 4 5. 1 2 3 4 17. 1 2 3 4 29. 1 2 3 4 41. 1 2 3 4 6. 1 2 3 4 18. 1 2 3 4 30. 1 2 3 4 42. 1 2 3 4 7. 1 2 3 4 19. 1 2 3 4 31. 1 2 3 4 43. 1 2 3 4 8. 1 2 3 4 20. 1 2 3 4 32. 1 2 3 4 44. 1 2 3 4 9. 1 2 3 4 21. 1 2 3 4 33. 1 2 3 4 45. 1 2 3 4 10. 1 2 3 4 22. 1 2 3 4 34. 1 2 3 4 46. 1 2 3 4 11. 1 2 3 4 23. 1 2 3 4 35. 1 2 3 4 47. 1 2 3 4 12. 1 2 3 4 24. 1 2 3 4 36. 1 2 3 4 48. 1 2 3 4 49. 1 2 3 4 50. 1 2 3 4 Total Responses: Indicate below how many of each number you circled. #1. _________ #2. _________ #3. _________ #4. _________ #1 indicates a preference for visual learning. #2 indicates a preference for visual letter learning. #3 indicates a preference for auditory learning. #4 indicates a preference for kinesthetic learning. This Learning Style Identification Exercise was developed by Harry Reinert, formerly of Directions: (1) To take this inventory, you need a reference point from which to judge the value of the words. That reference point is your SELF, i.e., who you are deep down. Please take the necessary time to reflect on this. Do not use the following as reference points: who you are at


work, or at home, or who you would like to be. (2) Rank order ten sets of four words listed below. To do this, rank each horizontal set of four words giving a 4 to the word which best describes your SELF, a 3 to the word which is next most descriptive, a 2 to the word which is next most descriptive, and a 1 to the word which is least descriptive. BE SURE TO ASSIGN A DIFFERENT RANK NUMBER TO EACH OF THE FOUR WORDS IN EACH SET. (3) To determine the rank order, react to your first recognition of the words, i.e., go on first impression. This approach will produce the most valid results from this inventory. Example: sun moon stars clouds 1. objective affective evaluative intuition 2. effort subjective excellence experimenting 3. careful passionate conceptual- creative with detail ization 4. thorough spontaneous logical trial & error 5 competent colorful intelligent risk-taker 6. structure attuned analytical pragmatic 7. realistic empathic documentation innovative 8. concrete wholistic theoretical insightful 9. product- person- hypothetical perspective oriented oriented 10. practical feelings model practical oriented dreamer For scoring, total each column and enter below: Column #1___ Column #2___ Column #3___ Column #4___ CS AR AS CR • We all admit to something called a “talent” or “aptitude” • Talent for music or art or writing • Mathematics and foreign languages • Flair for mechanics • Natural Athletes 12) Thus… • Howard Gardner and Multiple Intelligence • 7 intelligences that people may have • Each one with our own strengths 13) Visual/spatial intelligence • Ability to perceive the visual. Tend to think in pictures and need to create vivid mental images to retain information. They enjoy looking at maps, charts, pictures, videos, and movies. • Possible career interests: - Navigators, sculptors, visual artists, inventors, architects, interior designers, mechanics, engineers 14) Verbal/linguistic intelligence


• Ability to use words and language. These learners have highly developed auditory skills and are generally elegant speakers. They think in words rather than pictures. • Possible career interests: - Poet, journalist, writer, teacher, lawyer, politician, translator 15) Logical/mathematical intelligence • Ability to use reason, logic and numbers. These learners think conceptually in logical and numerical patterns making connections between pieces of information. Always curious about the world around them, these learners ask lots of questions and like to do experiments. • Possible career paths: - Scientists, engineers, computer programmers, researchers, accountants, mathematicians 16) Bodily / kinesthetic intelligence • Ability to control body movements and handle objects skillfully. These learners express themselves through movement. They have a good sense of balance and eye-hand coordination. (e.g. ball play, balancing beams). Through interacting with the space around them, they are able to remember and process information. • Possible career paths: - Athletes, physical education teachers, dancers, actors, firefighters, artisans 17) Musical/rhythmic intelligence • Ability to produce and appreciate music and rhythm. These musically inclined learners think in sounds, rhythms and patterns. They immediately respond to music either appreciating or criticizing what they hear. Many of these learners are extremely sensitive to environmental sounds (e.g. crickets, bells, dripping taps). • Possible career paths: - Musician, DJ, singer, composer 18) Interpersonal intelligence • Ability to relate and understand others. These learners try to see things from other people's point of view in order to understand how they think and feel. They often have an uncanny ability to sense feelings, intentions and motivations. They are great organizers, although they sometimes resort to manipulation. Generally they try to maintain peace in group settings and encourage cooperation. They use both verbal (e.g. speaking) and non-verbal language (e.g. eye contact, body language) to open communication channels with others. • Possible Career Paths: - Counselor, salesperson, politician, business person 19) Intrapersonal intelligence • Ability to self-reflect and be aware of one's inner state of being. These learners try to understand their inner feelings, dreams, relationships with others, and strengths and weaknesses. • Possible Career Paths: - Researchers, theorists, philosophers 20) Final thoughts There is no good understanding of learning styles as it stands. But it certainly does not follow that we all learn the same way - the senses may well work in concert, but (as someone with thick glasses, I can attest) some senses work more or less well, meaning that each individual may combine the senses differently.


Appendix

Edmonds, WA.


504 WR 4 notes