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CANVAS I K¨vbfvm I el© 9 I msL¨v 11 I Ryb 2014

g‡Wj wgwj †gKIfvi cvi‡mvbv Qwe nv`x DÏxb Iq¨vi‡Wªve †mRvb wjsKb

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44 †eqvi †ewmKm †gKAvc wdw·s 46 wdPvi †Mgvim weDwU 50 Av‡d«vw`wZ Kvwb©fv‡ji mvR 54 wK‡Pb wm‡µU kmvm~Î 56 di wng Mi‡g ¯^w¯ÍKi Z¡K 58 †bBj AvU© µxovcÖvwYZ 60 †jm wdZv jvwZb ÷vBj 62 GwWUiÕm Kjvg ivZRvMv‡`i Rb¨ 64 weDwUe·

B‡›Uªv g‡Wj: †gNjv, mvivn I kÖvebx

68 wdPvi eªvwR‡j wek¦Kv‡ci Av‡M 70 imbvwejvm GK UzK‡iv eªvwRj 73 †nu‡kjm~Î 4 c‡`i ga¨gvV 78 QzwUiNÈv `¨ wiI! 83 we‡kl wdPvi dzUe‡j evOvwj, evOvwji dzUej 88 wdPvi `¨ Iqvì© Kvc IqvMm 90 wdPvi Kí¯^M© iPbvi cÖ¯‘wZ 92 wdPvi wecY‡bi wek¦Kvc 94 wdPvi evYx Avi my‡i 96 WvqvjwR w`b‡k‡l Avwg dzUejvi 98 wdPvi evOvwji dzUejv‡eM 100 wdPvi Pvi PvKvq †ivgv 102 N‡ievB‡i gvivKvbv †÷wWqvg 104 wdPvi euvwki m~i, wcuc‡og~wZ© 106 D`xqgvb dzUej huvi †cÖiYv 108 †UK‡UªÛ †Mvj-jvBb †UK‡bvjwR 110 B‡f›U iOnxb 112 †mjyj‡qW 115 GB kni GB mgq 117 GKSjK 119 ivwk ­­­­­


Av‡d«vw`wZ Drme gv‡bB mvRhÁ| jvwZb Av‡gwiKvb †`k¸‡jv‡Z mvR‡Mv‡Ri e¨vcviUv GKUz †ewkB| i‡Oi D”Q¡vm _v‡K Gi m½x n‡q| †hgb †K‡k, †Zgb †e‡k

imbvwejvm Pziv‡¯‹v| KvV ev Kqjvq ivbœv Kiv gvs‡mi eªvwRwjqvb c×wZ| wMÖj ev KvevewcÖq †fvRK‡`i Rb¨ Pzivw¯‹wiqv Zx_©B e‡U! eªvwR‡ji WvBwbs GLb †Lv` XvKvq

Kfvi‡÷vwi d¨vk‡bi m‡½ dzUe‡ji NwbôZv bZzb bq| GB m¤ú‡K©i Zi½ AvQ‡o c‡o A_©bxwZ‡ZI| Avgv‡`i †`k Gi evB‡i wK? dzUej d¨vk‡bi e‡`Šj‡Z evsjv‡`kI AR©‡bi LvZvq wb‡Ri bvg wjwL‡q wb‡q‡Q

N‡ievB‡i Svu-PKP‡K gvivKvbvi gq`vb †`‡L †K ej‡e, Gi eqm lv‡Ui †ewk? hw`I wek¦Kvc Dcj‡ÿ cy‡iv †÷wWqv‡gB P‡j‡Q †f‡O M‡o bZzb K‡i †Zvjvi †Ljv| AZ¨vaywbK ¯’vcZ¨bKkvq| d‡j Qv` †_‡K wmwUs A¨v‡ićg›UÑ meLv‡bB gvivKvbv n‡q DV‡Q bZzb GK AwfÁZvi Drm


m¤úv`Kxq eªvwRj c„w_exi GKgvÎ †`k, hv‡`i RvZxq cZvKvq ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q dzUej| G‡ZB Aby‡gq, †`kwUi m‡½ GB †Ljvi m¤úK© K‡Zv Mfxi| †mB eªvwR‡j, †c‡ji †`‡k em‡Q dzUej wek¦Kv‡ci Avmi| 1950-Gi ci, wØZxqev‡ii g‡Zv| wKš‘ e¨eavb `xN©, 64 eQ‡ii| †cÖÿvcUI G‡Kev‡iB wfbœ| Z‡e GB Av‡qvR‡bi cÖwZ dzUej-gvZvj eªvwRjevmxi AkÖ×v I weivM Avgv‡`i GKUz n‡jI AevK K‡i| KviY mn‡R Aby‡gq Ges h_v_©I e‡U| mvaviY gvbyl Pvq bv| mgm¨v A‡bK| wkÿv I ¯^v‡¯’¨i g‡Zv Rb¸iæZ¡c~Y© †ÿθ‡jv GL‡bv h‡_ó Ae‡nwjZ| Dciš‘ †m †`‡ki abx-`wi‡`ªi g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q Afvebxq A_©‰bwZK e¨eavb| weËg‡a¨i Ae¯’vb †bB ej‡jB P‡j| D”Pwe‡Ëi wecix‡Z wbgœweË wecyj| †m †`‡ki RbMY ewÂZ, wbcxwoZ Avi D‡cwÿZ| GB Av‡qvR‡bi Zviv †Nvi we‡ivax| ZvB e‡j Zv‡`i `vwei cÖwZdjb NU‡Q bv, Zv bq| ZvB GKw`‡K †hgb Pj‡Q cÖ¯‘wZ, mgvšÍiv‡j Pj‡Q we‡ÿvf Avi cÖwZev`, bvbv cÖZxKx Kg©m~wP| mvI cvI‡jv‡Z GB `„k¨ ˆbwgwËK| Pvi eQi Av‡M `wÿY Avwd«Kvi Av‡qvR‡b e¨q wQj gvÎ GK wewjqb Wjvi| †mLv‡b eªvwRj‡K LiP Ki‡Z n‡”Q 13 wewjqb| mvZ eQi Av‡M 2007 mv‡j ¯^vMwZK nIqvi AwaKvi cvq eªvwRj| ZLb ev‡ivwU †÷wWqv‡gi K‡qKwU †i‡bv‡fkb Ges K‡qKwU wbg©v‡Yi cÖvK¡wjZ e¨q aiv n‡qwQj 924 wgwjqb Wjvi| †mB e¨q †e‡o‡Q wZb ¸Y| Gw`‡K wek¦Kvc ïiæi Avi `yB mßvnI †bB| A_P 12wU †÷wWqv‡gi me KwU GL‡bv cy‡ivcywi cÖ¯‘Z bq GB wekvj Av‡qvR‡bi Rb¨| GgbwK †÷wWqvg Ges Ab¨vb¨ AeKvVv‡gv wbg©v‡Y kÖwg‡Ki g„Zz¨I gv_ve¨_vi KviY n‡q‡Q Av‡qvRK‡`i| cvkvcvwk Av‡Q AvBbk„•Ljv cwiw¯’wZ wb‡q Avk¼v| me wgwj‡q †ek Pv‡cB i‡q‡Q ¯^vMwZK †`‡ki miKvi| †ivMevjvB‡qi k¼vI †`kwUi ¯^v¯’¨ KZ…©cÿ‡K fvev‡”Q| Dciš‘ gvÎ `yÕeQi ci wiI‡ZB AbywôZ n‡e Awjw¤úK †Mgm| †m Rb¨ GKUv AwZwi³ Pvc †_‡KB hv‡”Q| Z‡e wek¦Kvc ev Awjw¤ú‡Ki g‡Zv eo Av‡qvR‡bi D‡Ïk¨ _v‡K ivR¯^ Avq, hv w`‡q GKwU †`‡ki fwel¨r Kg©KvÐ ¸wQ‡q †bq †m †`‡ki miKvi| RbMY _v‡K my‡L| cvkvcvwk AeKvVv‡gv¸‡jv †_‡K hvq Dcwi cvIbv wn‡m‡e| GB myweavi †Kv‡bvUvB eªvwRj Gevi wb‡Z cvi‡e bv e‡jB we‡klÁ‡`i fwel¨ØvYx| Zey Avgv‡`i ïfKvgbv _vK‡e ¯^vMwZK‡`i Rb¨| me mgqB| wek¦Kvc wb‡q A‡bK NUbvB N‡U| gv‡Vi †Ljv †hgb _v‡K, †Zgwb gv‡Vi evB‡iI †Ljv P‡j| Gwkqvi †Kv‡bv †`k GL‡bv wek¦Kvc †R‡Zwb e‡U, Z‡e cÖwZwU wek¦Kv‡c i‡q‡Q gnv‡`kwUi D¾¡j Dcw¯’wZ| Pxb, evsjv‡`k, B‡›`v‡bwkqv, wf‡qZbvg, K‡¤^vwWqv jvL jvL wcm g~j Rvwm©, my¨‡fwbi Rvwm©, wU-kvU© Ges wek¦Kv‡ci gvmKUmn A‡bK wKQzB ˆZwi Ki‡Q| Gevi cvwK¯Ív‡b †_‡K hv‡”Q ej| 32 †`k †h ej‡K wN‡i M‡o Zzj‡e Zzgyj cÖwZØw›ØZv| Avgv‡`i A‡cÿv GKUvB, Kvc K‡e Avm‡e Gwkqvq! wek¦Kvc dzUej †MvUv c„w_ex‡K †ivgv Avi D‡ËRbv, Djøvm Avi welv‡` Av‡›`vwjZ I gyn¨gvb K‡i| Avi dzUe‡ji cÖwZ evOvwji Avjv`v GKUv AvKl©Y †Zv Av‡QB| G‡K bvwoi Uvb ej‡j evwo‡q ejv n‡e bv| wUg K¨vbfvmI `~‡i bq wek¦Kvc †gŠZvZ †_‡K| Avcbv‡`i wbðqB g‡b Av‡Q, 2006 mv‡j wek¦Kvc Dcj‡ÿ cÖ_g GKwU msL¨v Kiv n‡qwQj| †mB aviv AÿzYœ †i‡L 2010-GI we‡kl msL¨v cÖKvk Kiv nq| GeviI Gi e¨Z¨q NU‡Q bv| Z‡e wek¦Kvc‡K Dcjÿ K‡i Avgiv GKUz Ab¨fv‡e wd‡i †`Lvi †Póv K‡iwQ evOvwji dzUe‡jwZnv‡mi cvZvq †PvL †i‡L| Avgiv nq‡Zv A‡b‡KB Rvwb bv, dzUe‡ji m‡½ eªvwR‡ji cwiPq 1894 mv‡j| c‡iv‡ÿ dzUe‡ji m‡½ evOvwji m¤úK© 1850-Gi `k‡K| eªvwR‡jiI A‡bK Av‡M| eZ©gv‡b wek¦Kv‡ci g~j c‡e© †hme †`k †Lj‡Q, Zv‡`i A‡b‡KB dzUej‡K wP‡b‡Q Avgv‡`i A‡bK A‡bK c‡i| A_P Avgiv †mvbvwj AZx‡Zi ¯§„wZPviYv‡ZB AvU‡K †i‡LwQ wb‡R‡`i| µgk nw”Q cðvrc`| Avgiv Ggbfv‡e Gev‡ii K¨vbfvm mvwR‡qwQ hv‡Z AZxZ n‡q eZ©gvb, eZ©gvb n‡q †h‡Z cv‡i fwel¨‡Zi wfwË| G Qvov K¨vbfv‡mi wbqwgZ Av‡qvRb †Zv Av‡QB| †Kej Zv‡Z †cuvP c‡o‡Q wek¦Kvc i‡Oi| we‡klfv‡e ˆZwi †cvkv‡Ki †cvU©‡dvwjI †_‡K †kl ch©šÍ Avgiv `yB gjv‡Ui g‡a¨ a‡iwQ Av`¨šÍ wek¦Kvc| Aek¨B Avgv‡`i g‡Zv K‡i| ù~wZ©i i‡O g‡nvrm‡ei Avb‡›`| Avgiv wbwðZ, msL¨vwU Avcbv‡`i mnvqK Avb›`m½x n‡e| mevB‡K dzUejgq ï‡f”Qv|


†cvU©‡dvwjI gvwëKvjviW Iqvb †kvìvi MvDb| e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q cwj‡q÷vi wcwc, wcDi m¨vwUs I mdU Møwm †bU RyZv: evUv cvIqvi †Uªbvi g‡Wj: bIwkb


†¯úvwU©

dzUej-R¡‡i Kuvc‡Q wek¦| GB Zi½ †j‡M‡Q †cvkv‡KI| wWRvB‡bi Awfbe‡Z¡, d¨vweª‡Ki wfbœZvq Zv ¯ú›`gvb| m¨vwUs, wWRvBb wbU, wUmy¨ I †b‡Ui ˆZwi ewY©j †Wªm¸‡jvq aiv c‡o‡Q wek¦Kv‡ci †ivgvÂ


Ad †kvìvi MvD‡b e¨envi Kiv n‡q‡Q wWRvBb wbU I m¨vwUs d¨vweªK RyZv: evUv cvIqvi-Gi Iqvì© Kvc Kv‡jKkb g‡Wj: Szgyi


cvc©j m¨vwUs I mdU †b‡U ˆZwi Ad †kvìvi js †UBj †Wªm RyZv: evUv cvIqvi-Gi Iqvì© Kvc Kv‡jKkb g‡Wj: nwj


jvBU fviwgjvm Kvjv‡ii njUvi‡bK †Wªm| wnU †cÖm wWRvBb wbU, mdU m¨vwUb I Møwm wkdb wUmy¨ G‡Z e¨envi Kiv n‡q‡Q RyZv: bvBwK g‡Wj: Avbykv


†gKIfvi: cvi‡mvbv Iq¨vi‡Wªve: †mRvb wjsKb Qwe: nv`x DÏxb †jv‡Kkb: e½eÜz RvZxq †÷wWqvg K…ZÁZv: †gvnv¤§` Bqvwnqv, cÖkvmK e½eÜz RvZxq †÷wWqvg we. `ª.- evUv cvIqvi-Gi Iqvì© Kvc Kv‡jKk‡bi †Uªbvi¸‡jv †Q‡j‡`i Rb¨| ï‡Ui cÖ‡qvR‡b †g‡q‡`i civ‡bv n‡q‡Q|


`‡ji wcÖq †L‡jvqv‡oi Rvwm© ci‡jB †hb Ab¨ GK Abyf‚wZ! fveUv Ggb, Avwg Zv‡`iB GKRb| ZvB‡Zv wek¦Kvc dzUej ïiæi Av‡M wewfbœ †`vKv‡b wcÖq `‡ji Rvwm© †Kbvi wnwoK c‡o †M‡Q| ïay Rvwm©B ev ewj †Kb, d¨vk‡bi wewfbœ ai‡bi Abyl‡½I wek¦Kv‡ci †Quvqv †j‡M hvq| eyU ev †¯úvwU© †KWm, e¨vM, Iqv‡jU, n¨vÛ e¨vÛ, e¨vÛvbvÑ mewKQzB wek¦Kv‡ci i‡O iwOb n‡q I‡V|

m½vbyl½

Rvwm©

Rvwm© ïay †LjviB Abyl½ †bB GLb, A‡bKUv d¨vk‡biI Abyl½ n‡q c‡o‡Q| wek¦Kv‡ci Av‡Mi KÕUv w`b evRvi Ny‡i †`Lv †Mj, Av‡R©w›Ubv I eªvwRj `‡ji Rvwm©B me‡P‡q †ewk Pj‡Q Ges cQ‡›`i †L‡jvqv‡oi b¤^i †jLv Rvwm©¸‡jviB †ewk Pvwn`v GLb| G¸‡jv †hgb eª¨v‡ÛiI wKb‡Z cvIqv hvq, bb-eª¨v‡ÛiI Av‡Q| eª¨v‡Ûi g‡a¨ A¨vwWWvm, cygv, bvBwKi †jv‡Mv-msewjZ Rvwm©¸‡jvi `vg co‡e 650 †_‡K 700 UvKv| PvqwbR mvwU©b Kvc‡o ˆZwi Rvwm©¸‡jv cQ‡›`i †L‡jvqvo‡`i QweIqvjv| †gwm, KvKv, †ivbvj‡`v, †ivjvbw`b‡nv ev g¨viv‡Wvbv I †c‡ji †cv‡Uª©U Av‡Q Gme Rvwm©‡Z, G¸‡jvi cÖwZwUi `vg co‡e 800 UvKvi g‡a¨| GKB ai‡bi Rvwm© i‡q‡Q †QvU‡`i Rb¨| G¸‡jvi `vg 400-450 UvKvi g‡a¨| bb-eª¨v‡Ûi Rvwm©¸‡jv ¸wj¯Ívb, wbDgv‡K©U, emyÜiv kwcs gj, B÷vb© cøvRv, B÷vb© gwjøKvmn me ai‡bi kwcs g‡j cvIqv hv‡”Q| G¸‡jv eo‡`i 350-400 UvKv Avi †QvU‡`i Rb¨ 150-200 UvKv|

eyU ev †¯úvwU© †KWm

wek¦Kvc ïiæ n‡e Avi gvbyl Zv‡`i cQ‡›`i †L‡jvqvo‡`i g‡Zv eyU ci‡e bv, ZvI wK nq? †µZv‡`i GB Pvwn`vi K_v gv_vq †i‡LB wek¦Kvc Dcj‡ÿ wewfbœ ai‡bi eyU G‡m‡Q evRv‡i| G¸‡jvi iO wewfbœ †`‡ki cZvKvi i‡Oi m‡½ wgwj‡q Kiv| †hgbÑ eªvwR‡ji cZvKvi m‡½ wgwj‡q eyU ev †KW‡m _v‡K Mvp meyR Avi njy` i‡Oi e¨envi| Av‡R©w›Ubvi cZvKvi m‡½ iO wgwj‡q jvBU eøy Avi †nvqvBU w`‡q evbv‡bv n‡q‡Q †KWm| Gme †KWm A‡bK ai‡bi n‡q _v‡K| nvB‡bK, †jv KvUÑ GB `ywU GLb RbwcÖq| wKš‘ wek¦Kv‡ci mgqUv‡Z Mig _vK‡e| myZivs nvB‡b‡Ki †KWm bv civUvB fv‡jv| Gi e`‡j †mwg †bK ev †jv Kv‡Ui †KWm Avivg`vqK n‡e| †KW‡mi †ewki fvM wcwfwm †emW wmb‡_wUK g¨v‡Uwiqv‡ji ˆZwi nq| G‡Z evZvm PjvPj Ki‡Z cv‡i bv| ZvB KUb K¬_ Av‡Q Ggb †KWm ci‡Z cv‡ib| GUv cwi‡e‡ki Rb¨ fv‡jv, ¯^v‡¯’¨i Rb¨I| †Kbvi Av‡M

wek¦Kv‡ci mvRm½ wek¦Kvc dzUejR¡‡ii †XD G‡m c‡o A¨vK‡mmwi‡RI| wcÖq `j wKsev †L‡jvqv‡oi Qwe, bvg Avi wPývw¼Z Abyl‡½ †m‡R f³iv m½x n‡q I‡V GB DËvj mg‡qi GKUz †Lqvj K‡i wb‡Z n‡e| eyU ev †KWm hv-B c‡ib bv †Kb, m‡½ Aek¨B †gvRv e¨envi Ki‡eb| wewfbœ `v‡gi g‡a¨ †c‡Z cv‡ib GB eyU ev †KWm¸‡jv| evUv, G‡c·, wRjm kc wjwg‡UW, †e dzUIq¨vi †_‡K cv‡eb Gme †¯úvwU© dzUIq¨vi| `vg 1800 †_‡K 4500 UvKvi g‡a¨| Avevi ¸wj¯Ív‡bi wecix‡Z †÷wWqvg gv‡K©U †_‡KI wK‡b wb‡Z cv‡ib| GLv‡b

K¨vbfvm 18


A¨vwWWvm, bvBwK Avi cygvi †¯úvwU© †KWm cvIqv hvq| `vg 3500-7000 UvKv| bvBwK ev cygvi bvg †jLv _vK‡jI evwK¸‡jv bKj| G ai‡bi †KWm †Kbvi mgq Aek¨B `vgv`vwg K‡i wKb‡eb|

m¨v‡Ûj

wek¦Kv‡ci e‡`Šj‡Z `yB wdZvIqvjv bvbv ai‡bi m¨v‡Ûj cvIqv hv‡”Q| †mLvb †_‡KI †e‡Q wb‡Z cv‡ib cQ‡›`iwU| G¸‡jv `v‡g m¯Ív, Avi cy‡iv wek¦Kv‡c Avcbvi me©ÿ‡Yi m½x n‡Z cvi‡e| Gwjd¨v›U †iv‡Wi m¨v‡Û‡ji evRvi Av‡R©w›Ubv, eªvwRj, BZvwj, Rvg©vwbmn me †`‡ki cZvKvi i‡Oi m‡½ wgwj‡q ˆZwi Kiv m¨v‡Ûj¸‡jvi `vg 200 †_‡K 400 UvKvi g‡a¨| wbDgv‡K©U, †÷wWqvg gv‡K©U, e½evRv‡i wgj‡e RyZv-m¨v‡Û‡ji †`vKvb|

Pvwei wis I gM

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e¨vM

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n¨vÛ e¨vÛ I e¨vÛvbv

GLbKvi ZiæY‡`i nv‡Z bvbv ai‡bi e¨vÛ _v‡K| KvV, cøvw÷K ev ivev‡ii ˆZwi bvbv ai‡bi n¨vÛ eª¨vÛ cvIqv hvq| wek¦Kv‡ci Db¥v`bvq kvwgj n‡Z bvbv i‡Oi n¨vÛ e¨v‡Ûi Rywo †bB| 150 †_‡K 250 UvKvi g‡a¨| e¨vÛvbv bvbv ai‡bi nq| †ewki fvMB wmb‡_wUK kvBwb Kvc‡oi ˆZwi| wek¦Kv‡ci e¨vÛfbv¸‡jvi AwaKvskB `‡ji cZvKvi Av`‡j Kiv| gv_vq c‡i wb‡Ri `‡ji †¯øvMvb w`‡q †h †KDB †mB `‡ji Ask n‡q †h‡Z cv‡ib| `vg ïiæ nq 450 UvKv †_‡K| wek¦Kv‡ci gv‡V †Kvb `j fv‡jv †Lj‡e ev †Lj‡e bv, Zv wb‡q †Rvi hyw³ZK© Pj‡ZB cv‡i| Z‡e mg_©bB eo K_v| mevi m‡½ Avb›` †Zv AviI eo| y

bvRgyj nvmvb Qwe: B›Uvi‡bU

K¨vbfvm 19


B‡f›U 1

DB di d¨vkb d¨vkb †kv Avgv‡`i †`‡k ninv‡gkvB n‡”Q| †hLv‡b wWRvBbviiv Dc¯’vcb K‡ib Zuv‡`i bKkv Kiv †cvkvK| m‡½ _v‡K Pvwj‡q †bqvi g‡Zv †gKAvc| GLv‡b m„Rbkxj fvebvi KvR †h GK`gB _v‡K bv, Zv bq| Z‡e Kg| wKš‘ †h wRwbmUvi Afve †`Lv hvq eivei, †mwU n‡jv d¨vkb wWRvBbvi Ges weDwU AvwU©‡÷i †hŠ_ fvebvi cÖwZdjb| wfb‡`wk d¨vk‡b hv eiveiB jÿYxq| G ai‡bi hyMje›`x Avgv‡`i †`‡k bZzb bv n‡jI wbqwgZ bq| Z‡e A‡bK w`b ci m¤úªwZ †ZgbUv Dc¯’vcb K‡i AviwUwf| 2 †g mܨv 7Uv| †ZRMuvI‡qi †e½j gvwëwgwWqv ÷zwWI Kvbvq Kvbvq c~Y©| AviwUwfi GB ÷zwWI‡Z A‡cÿv Ki‡Qb d¨vkb I Mø¨vgvi A½‡bi gvby‡liv| mevi †KŠZ‚njx †PvL ivbI‡qi w`‡K| †Kbbv GKUz ev‡`B ïiæ n‡”Q ÔAviwUwf DB-d¨vkb ivbI‡q 2014Õ| †hLv‡b `yRb wWRvBbvi nvwRi n‡eb Zuv‡`i m„Rbkxj bKkvi †cvkvK Avi `yRb weDwU AvwU©÷ cÖKvk Ki‡eb Zuv‡`i †gKAvc I ÷vBwjs †mÝ| A_©vr GKRb wWRvBbvi Ges weDwU G·cvU© †hŠ_fv‡e Zuv‡`i m„RbkxjZv mevi mvg‡b wb‡q Avm‡eb| ïiæUv n‡jv wWRvBbvi Gg`v` nK Ges weDwU AvwU©÷ KvwbR Avjgvm Lvb‡K w`‡q| Gg`v` nK Dc¯’vcb K‡ib kvwo, KzZ©v, †Q‡j‡`i cvÄvwemn mg‡qvc‡hvMx wewfbœ †cvkvK| Avi KvwbR Avjgvm Lvb Zuvi nv‡Zi Rv`y¯úkx© wmM‡bPvi †gKAvc

K¨vbfvm 20

I †nqvi÷vB‡j gvÎv Av‡bb g‡Wj‡`i jy‡K| †`‡ki d¨vkb I weDwU A½‡bi GB `yB m„wókx‡ji AvDUwdU I †gKIfvi bRi Kv‡o Dcw¯’ZRb‡`i| Gi c‡ii c‡e© ivbI‡q‡Z Dc¯’vcb Kiv nq wWRvBbvi kvniæL Avwgb wUsKzi AvDUwdU Ges †nqvi G·cvU© KvRx Kvgiæj Bmjv‡gi †gKAvc I †nqvi÷vBj| †hLv‡b dz‡U I‡V Zviæ‡Y¨i d¨vkb I ÷vBj fvebv| di d¨vkb ivbI‡q †¯øvMvb wb‡q Av‡qvwRZ DB di d¨vkb Abyôv‡bi i¨v‡¤ú nuv‡Ub †`k-†miv 24 Rb †g‡q g‡Wj Ges QqRb †Q‡j g‡Wj|


ney gv‡qi Rb¨

B‡f›U 2

GdwWwmwei cÖ_g †kv

PjwZ eQ‡ii †deªæqvwi gv‡m hvÎv K‡i wWRvBbvi‡`i msMVb d¨vkb wWRvBb KvDwÝj Ae evsjv‡`k (GdwWwmwe)| G †`‡ki wWRvBbvi‡`i `ÿZv †`k-we‡`‡ki gvby‡li mvg‡b Zz‡j aivi cwiKíbv wb‡qB c_Pjv GB msMV‡bi| ïiæi c‡i wKQzw`b `„k¨Z Gi †Zgb †Kv‡bv Av‡qvRb †`Lv hvqwb| Z‡e Zv †ewk w`‡bi Rb¨ bq| nq‡Zv wb‡R‡`i ¸wQ‡q †bqvi Rb¨ GB mvgvb¨ Aemi| †kl‡gk LvwbK A‡cÿv †k‡l 1 †g cÖ_g d¨vkb †kvi gva¨‡g wb‡R‡`i Kv‡jKkb Zz‡j a‡ib GdwWwmwei wWRvBbviiv| KZzi Kv‡jKkb wb‡q GB †kvi Av‡qvRb Kiv nq XvKvi biwWK K¬v‡e| GdwWwmwei wWRvBbvi‡`i ga¨ †_‡K †kv‡Z Ask †bb gvwnb Lvb, Gg`v` nK, P›`bv †`Iqvb, wjwc L›`Kvi, wecøe mvnv, dvivn AvbRyg evix, ûgvqiv Lvb, kvevbv Avjx, ˆkevj mvnv, gvwiqv Bmjvg, Kzû I bIwkb Lv‡qi| wWRvBbviiv ivbI‡q‡Z Zz‡j a‡ib w¯úªs/mvgvi 2014 †K gv_vq †i‡L ˆZwi †cvkvK| Avi Gme †cvkv‡K e¨envi Kiv n‡q‡Q †`wk Kvco I cÖ‡qvRbxq Abyl½| GB †kv‡q Dc¯’vwcZ †cvkv‡Ki †lv‡jv AvbvB evsjv‡`wk e‡j `vwe K‡i‡Qb Zviv| ejv n‡q‡Q, g~j D‡Ïk¨ BD‡iv‡ci evRvi| GB d¨vkb †kvwU g~jZ Kiv n‡q‡Q we‡`wk‡`i Rb¨| Avgwš¿Z AwZw_ Avi GdwWwmwei m`m¨iv Dc‡fvM K‡i‡Qb GB d¨vkbv‡qvRb|

wK‡kvix †_‡K gvSeqmxÑ eq‡mi GB mxgv‡ZB NyicvK Lv‡”Q †`wk d¨vkb nvD‡Ri Kv‡jKkb| hw`I Gi evB‡i Kivi Av‡Q A‡bK wKQzB| wew”Qbœfv‡e †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv d¨vkb nvDR wb‡R‡`i mva¨g‡Zv †PóvI Ki‡Q cÖ‡qvRbxq Ges Avjv`v wKQz Kivi| mv`vKv‡jv Zv‡`iB GKwU| †Kbbv wbqwgZ Kv‡jKk‡bi cvkvcvwk GB eª¨vÛ A‡bK w`b a‡iB ˆZwi K‡i Avm‡Q Mf©avwiYx‡`i †cvkvK| ZvB mvayev`I †c‡q‡Q †ek| †Kbbv Mf©Kvjxb †g‡q‡`i Dc‡hvMx †cvkvK wb‡q weo¤^bvq co‡Z nq| d‡j †iwW Uz Iq¨vi wn‡m‡e Zv †c‡q A‡bKUvB ¯^w¯Í cv‡”Qb ney gv‡qiv| mv`vKv‡jvi gvZ…Z¡Kvjxb †cvkvK wb‡q 2 †g avbgwÛi Avwjqum d«u‡m‡R Av‡qvRb Kiv nq GK d¨vkb †kvi| g~jZ AšÍtmË¡v bvixi †cvkvK wb‡q mv`vKv‡jv 15 w`be¨vcx GKwU cÖ`k©bx K‡i| Gi D‡Øvabxi Ask wQj IB d¨vkb †kv| g‡Wj‡`i gvR©viMg‡b Zz‡j aiv nq Mf©eZx gv‡qi wewfbœ mgq Ges A‡Kk‡bi †cvkvK| KviY, GLb †Zv Zviv †Kej M„ne›`x bb| evB‡i Zv‡`i †e‡iv‡ZB nq| GgbwK PvKwi K‡ib A‡b‡K| d‡j N‡i, Kg©‡ÿ‡Î, kwcs‡q wKsev Abyôv‡bi Dc‡hvMx iæwPm¤§Z †cvkvK GB mswÿß Dc¯’vcbvq Zz‡j aiv nq| Avgv‡`i †`‡k d‡Uv‡mk‡bi Rb¨ †hLv‡b Mf©eZx bvixi Pwi‡Î †Kv‡bv g‡Wj cvIqvB gykwKj, †mLv‡b †kv-Gi me PwiÎB wQj AšÍtmË¡v gv| welqwU Aek¨B cÖksmbxq| cvkvcvwk ˆPwZ, Uz¤úv, nwj, wjIwbi g‡Zv wmwbqi g‡Wj‡K †hgb `xN©w`b ev‡` GKB ivbI‡q‡Z †`Lv †M‡Q, †Zgwb nv‡ji mwµq g‡Wj‡`i cvIqv †M‡Q wmwbqi‡`i m‡½ mgvb ¯^v”Q‡›`¨| we‡klZ A‡bK w`b ci †`Lv wg‡j‡Q ˆPwZi| welq-fvebvi ev¯Íevq‡b †KvwiIMÖvwdi f‚wgKv wQj D‡jøL‡hvM¨| G Rb¨ K…wZZ¡ `vwe Ki‡ZB cv‡ib AvRiv gvngy`| cy‡iv wel‡qi fvebv Ges GB Kv‡jKkb ˆZwii †bc‡_¨ wQj mv`vKv‡jvi Ab¨Zg KY©avi Zvnmxbv kvnx‡bi †bZ…‡Z¡ GKwU `j| †cvkvK¸‡jvI `„wób›`b Avi Avivg`vqK| d¨vkb †kv †k‡l AwZw_‡`i ga¨ †_‡K gvZ…Z¡Kvj †cwi‡q Avmv cÖwZwôZ bvixiv Zv‡`i AwfÁZv Ges †mB we‡kl mg‡qi †cvkv‡Ki cÖ‡qvRbxqZv Zy‡j a‡ib| Mf©eZx gv‡q‡`i Rb¨ Avivg`vqK I mn‡R enb‡hvM¨ Gme †cvkvK VuvB cvq Avwjqum d«u‡m‡Ri jv M¨vjvwi‡Z| cÖ`k©bxwU P‡j 15 †g ch©šÍ| y ÷vd wi‡cvU©vi Qwe: K¨vbfvm I msMÖn

K¨vbfvm 22


÷vBj AvBKb

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K¨vc

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Nwo

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RyZv K¨vbfvm 24


RyZvI †cødzj| Kv‡jv, ev`vwg, QvBÑ G iO¸‡jv cQ›`| dig¨vj ky Lye Kg ci‡Z †`Lv hvq Zuv‡K| eis †¯úvwU© ky, wWRvBbvi †KWm, eª¨v‡ÛW †j`vi †gvKvwmbÑ G ai‡bi RyZvB ¯’vb K‡i Av‡Q cQ‡›`i ZvwjKvq| GgbwK w_ª-wcm my¨‡Ui m‡½ gv‡S gv‡S Ggb me RyZv c‡ib †h _g‡K ZvKv‡Z nq| wKš‘ Zuvi K¨vwi Kivi ÷vB‡ji Kj¨v‡Y DZ‡i hvq ZvI| d¨vkwb÷‡`i g‡Z, eis AviI Kzj g‡b nq Zv‡K| digvj my¨‡Ui m‡½ K¨vRyqvj kyi GB Kw¤^‡bk‡b d¨v›Uvw÷K n‡q IVv Zuvi c‡ÿB m¤¢e|

myU

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mvBWevb©m

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Pzjm¾v

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K¨vbfvm 25


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ˆZwii cÖwZôvb wf‡±vwiqv wm‡µU MZ eQi Zv‡`i d¨vkb †kvi w_g K‡iwQj dzUej| RbwcÖq g‡Wj Kviv †W‡jwf½‡b g‡Wj n‡qwQ‡jb wf‡±vwiqv wm‡µ‡Ui IB d¨vkb †kv‡Z| Gevi GKUz cÖm½všÍi, G ch©šÍ A‡bK d¨vkb nvDR I wWRvBbvi dzUej‡K Zuv‡`i Kv‡jKk‡bi †cÖiYv K‡i‡Qb| me©‡kl D`vniY Rvcvwb eª¨vÛ †WªmK¨v¤ú| Zv‡`i G eQ‡ii w¯úªs-mvgvi Kv‡jKkb wQj dzUej Rvwm©i †cÖiYvq ˆZwi| Pvi eQi Av‡M 2010 mvjI wQj wek¦Kv‡ci eQi| w¯úªs-mvgvi Kv‡jKk‡b dzUej‡K welq K‡iwQ‡jb Av‡jKRvÛvi nvi‡KvwfP| e¨vcwU÷ fvBwiI Zuvi Av‡Mi eQi †gbm Iq¨vi Kv‡jKkb KiwQ‡jb dzUej wb‡q| wWªK we‡KgevM©‡mi dzUej‡cÖg me©Rbwew`Z| GB †ejwRqvb es‡kv™¢~Z Rvg©vb wWRvBbvi 1996 mv‡j Zuvi d¨vkb †j‡ej jÂB K‡ib dzUe‡ji cÖwZ cig AbyivM I AvbyM‡Z¨i cÖKvk NwU‡q| 2004 mv‡j wZwb B›UvibvwRIbv‡ji Rvwm© wWRvBb K‡ib| Avi cÖ_g d¨vkb wWRvBbvi wn‡m‡e wWRvBb Kiv eyU j K‡ib 2006 mv‡j| 2001 †_‡K cÖwZeQiB dzUej‡K Aby‡cÖiYv K‡i d¨vk‡b wKQz bv wKQz m„Rbms‡hvRb wZwb NwU‡q‡Qb| †¯úvU©mIq¨vi †Kv¤úvwb Avg‡ivi m‡½ RywU †eu‡a Bj cywc‡bv j K‡ib 2005 mv‡j| 2005 mv‡j wW‡q‡Mv g¨viv‡Wvbv‡K †WwW‡KU K‡i d¨vkb jvBb j K‡ib †R‡ivg †`ªBdvm| jyB fv‡Zv 2004 mv‡j D‡qdv Kv‡ci dvBbv‡ji D”Q¡vm‡K a‡i iv‡L ÔA¨vUvKÕ wk‡ivbv‡g e¨vM j K‡i| B‡qvwR Bqvgv‡gv‡Zv IqvBw_ª ïiæ K‡ib 2010 wek¦Kvc Dcj‡ÿ| wddv dzUej wdfvi bv‡g GKwU d¨vkb †kvI n‡qwQj Pvi eQi Av‡M| `wÿY Avwd«Kvq| G Qvov `wÿY Avwd«Kv

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K¨vbfvm 29


†gvnv¤§` AvwZKzj Bmjvg, wW‡i±i I wmGdI U‡qv K‡¤úvwRU wbUIq¨vi Mv‡g©›Um

evqviiv ¯^Z¡ †c‡q evsjv‡`kmn Gwkqvi wewfbœ †`k †_‡K Zv‡`i digv‡qk Abyhvqx cY¨ ˆZwi Kwi‡q †bq| GeviI †mUv n‡q‡Q| GB ZvwjKvq †Kej my¨‡fwbi Rvwm©, wU-kvU© Avi g~j Rvwm©i m‡½ Ab¨vb¨ cY¨ Av‡Q| we‡klZ ÷vdWU‡qR, n¨vU, K¨vc, UvB BZ¨vw` ev G ai‡bi cY¨ Px‡bB †ewk ˆZwi n‡q‡Q| Z‡e my¨‡fwbi wU-kvU© Avi Rvwm© cÖPzi n‡q‡Q evsjv‡`‡k| G Qvov Pxb, Zzi¯‹, K‡¤^vwWqv, wf‡qZbvg, B‡›`v‡bwkqv, fviZ I cvwK¯Ívb i‡q‡Q GB ZvwjKvq| Gevi me wbUIq¨vi cY¨ evsjv‡`k †_‡K ißvwb n‡q‡Q BD‡ivc, Av‡gwiKv I jvwZb Av‡gwiKvq| Aek¨ evsjv‡`‡ki Rb¨ welqwU bZzb bq| 2006, 2010 wek¦Kv‡cI evsjv‡`k †_‡K cÖPzi Rvwm© ißvwb n‡q‡Q| GeviI| G †ÿ‡Î evsjv‡`‡ki Ae¯’vb †ek my`„p| Gi KviY Aek¨B cÖwZ‡hvwMZvg~jK Drcv`b LiP| Drcv`b e¨‡qi w`K †_‡K Avgiv GL‡bv GwM‡q AvwQ Px‡bi †P‡q| G Rb¨ wek¦Kvc dzUej QvovI wewfbœ AvšÍR©vwZK µxov Avm‡ii Rb¨ evsjv‡`k †_‡K Rvwm©, my¨‡fwbi Rvwm©mn wewfbœ ai‡bi gv‡P©ÛvBwRs cÖWv± ˆZwi Kwi‡q †bq we‡k¦i bvgKiv me cÖwZôvb wKsev eª¨vÛ| GB ZvwjKvq Av‡Q A¨vwWWvm, bvBwK, GBPA¨vÛGg, wcDgv, wR-÷vi, GgA¨vÛGm BZ¨vw`| Gevi wewfbœ eq‡mi my¨‡fwbi Rvwm©, wU-kvU©, †cv‡jv kvU© eªvwR‡j Aby‡ôq wek¦Kvc dzUej Dcj‡ÿ evsjv‡`‡ki AšÍZ 20 d¨v±wi‡Z ˆZwi n‡q‡Q| G wb‡q K_v nq U‡qv K‡¤úvwRU wbUIq¨vi Mv‡g©‡›Ui wW‡i±i I wmGdI †gvnv¤§` AvwZKzj Bmjv‡gi m‡½| Gevi Zuviv eªvwRj, Av‡R©w›Ubv, Rvg©vwb, myB‡Wb, nj¨vÛ, Rvcvb, Bsj¨vÛ, myBRvij¨vÛ, biI‡qmn 18wU †`‡ki Rb¨ AšÍZ 18 jvL wcm my¨‡fwbi Rvwm© ißvwb K‡i‡Qb| Gi GKUv eo Ask hv‡e eªvwR‡j| evwKUv BD‡iv‡ci wewfbœ †`‡ki †PBbk‡c _vK‡e| U‡qv K‡¤úvwR‡Ui Gme Rvwm© 4-15 eQ‡ii wkï-wK‡kvi‡`i Rb¨| BD‡iv‡ci evRv‡i ïay Rvwm© cÖwZwU 6.96 BD‡iv K‡i wewµ n‡e| Ab¨w`‡K c¨v›U I Rvwm©i †m‡Ui `vg 9.95 BD‡iv|

AvwZKzj Bmjvg Rvbv‡jb, cÖvq wZb gv‡m Zuviv GB 18 jvL Rvwm© ˆZwi K‡i‡Qb| myZv †_‡K Rvwm©i P~ovšÍ Drcv`b ch©šÍ cÖwZwU avcB n‡q‡Q Zuv‡`i d¨v±wi‡Z| D‡jøL¨, Gi Av‡M 2006 mv‡ji wek¦Kvc Dcj‡ÿI GB cÖwZôvb 32 †`‡ki my¨‡fwbi Rvwm© mieivn K‡iwQj| Z‡e 2010 mv‡ji Rvg©vb wek¦Kv‡ci mgq Zuvi cÖwZôvb †Kv‡bv AW©vi cvqwb e‡j Rvbvb AvwZKzj Bmjvg| Gme my¨‡fwbi Rvwm© Qvov Zuvi cÖwZôvb wbqwgZfv‡eB bvBwK, K¨vwi‡dvi, †g‡Uªv, †UK‡mvi Rb¨ wbUIq¨vi cY¨ mieivn K‡i _v‡K| Gev‡ii wek¦Kvc Dcj‡ÿ U‡qv K‡¤úvwRUmn †h 20wU cÖwZôvb my¨‡fwbi Rvwm©, wU-kvU©, †cv‡jv kvU© BZ¨vw` K‡i‡Q, Zvi g‡a¨ Av‡Q: ÷vB‡j·, wf‡qjv‡U·, iK wbUIq¨vi, †U·I‡qf, Ggwe wbU d¨vkb, Rv‡q›U MÖæc BZ¨vw`| Gi g‡a¨ wddvi wKQz Awdwkqvj Rvwm© mieivn K‡i‡Q †U·I‡qf| wek¦Kvc Dcj‡ÿ AšÍZ GK †KvwU my¨‡fwbi Rvwm©, wU-kvU©, †cv‡jv kvU© BZ¨vw` ißvwbi d‡j evsjv‡`‡ki ˆe‡`wkK gy`ªvi AR©b 100 †KvwU Wjv‡iiI †ewk| Avevi gÛj MÖæc mivmwi Rvwm© ev wU-kvU© ißvwb bv Ki‡jI G¸‡jv ˆZwii Rb¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq A¨vK‡mmwiR mieivn

K¨vbfvm 30

K‡i‡Q| D‡jøL Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i, 2010 mv‡ji wek¦Kv‡c wWweGj MÖæc Avi Bwcwjqb MÖæc 80 jv‡Li g‡Zv my¨‡fwbi Rvwm© ißvwb Ki‡jI Gevi Zviv G KvR K‡iwb| evsjv‡`k GLb eQiRy‡oB wewfbœ µxov B‡f‡›Ui Rb¨ Rvwm© mieivn K‡i _v‡K| d‡j welqwU Avi bZzb bq Avgv‡`i ˆZwi †cvkvKwk‡íi Rb¨| eis G †ÿ‡Î evsjv‡`‡ki gybwkqvbv wek¦wew`Z| d‡j AW©vi evo‡Q ˆe Kg‡Q bv| wKš‘ wek¦Kvc Dcj‡ÿ Avm‡jB KÕwU cÖwZôvb KvR K‡i‡Q, K‡Zv Rvwm© ißvwb n‡q‡Q Ges evsjv‡`‡ki ˆe‡`wkK Avq K‡Zv, Zv 2010 ev 2006-Gi wbwi‡L e„w×i GB wnmve Rvbv m¤¢e nq bv| wewRGgBG Ges we‡KGgBG ¯^ZtcÖ‡Yvw`Z n‡qB Rvbv‡Z cv‡i evsjv‡`‡ki mvd‡j¨i K_v| †mUv Kvg¨I e‡U| d¨vkb bv n‡jI cÖm½µ‡g D‡jøL cÖ‡qvRb, Gev‡ii wek¦Kv‡c †hme ej w`‡q †Ljv n‡e, †m¸‡jv ˆZwi n‡q‡Q cvwK¯Ív‡bi wkqvj‡Kv‡Ui GKwU KviLvbvq| GB Rvwm©, †Ljbv, wKsev dzUej ˆZwii ga¨ w`‡q Avgv‡`i cÖwZwbwaZ¡ Avi AskMÖnY dzUe‡j ˆewk¦K Avm‡i, Avgvi `„wó‡Z GUvI wKš‘ e„n`‡_© Av †¯‹vi di BDwbwU|


c‡iv‡ÿ Ab¨ MíI Av‡Q| eªvwRj wek¦Kv‡c bvBwK Gevi ¯úÝi 10wU †`‡ki| Bsj¨vÛ †m¸‡jvi GKwU| Bsj¨v‡Ûi †iwcøKv Rvwm© bvBwK ˆZwi Kwi‡q‡Q B‡›`v‡bwkqvi GKwU d¨v±wi †_‡K| Bsj¨vÛ Qvov AviI A‡bK `‡ji Rvwm© Zviv B‡›`v‡bwkqvi 40wU d¨v±wi‡Z ˆZwi Kwi‡q‡Q| Gi m‡½ hy³ wQj AšÍZ GK jvL 71 nvRvi Kg©x| Gme Rvwm© Bsj¨v‡Û wewµ n‡”Q 90 cvD‡Û| A_P Zv ˆZwii Rb¨ gv_vwcQz cÖwZ NÈvq †`qv n‡q‡Q gvÎ 30 †cÝ| G †ÿ‡Î bvBwKi hyw³, GKwU kvU© ˆZwi‡Z †Kej KvwUs Avi myBs bq, i‡q‡Q A‡bK avc| M‡elYv Avi Dbœqb †m¸‡jvi GKwU| †hLv‡b e¨q wmsnfvM| G Qvov Av‡Q cÖhyw³i e¨envi| Gevi cÖwZwU wU-kvU© ˆZwi‡Z Zviv AvUwU cøvw÷K †evZj wimvBKj K‡i‡Q| Gw`‡K divwm cÖwZôvb AvjUªv †cwUUvi fvl¨, GKwU wU-kvU© Bv‡›`v‡bwkqv ev `wÿYc~e© Gwkqvq Lye mn‡RB Pvi cvD‡Ûi g‡a¨ Kiv‡bv m¤¢e| A_P GKB Kv‡R d«v‡Ý LiP co‡e 17 cvDÛ| AvcvZZ bvBwKi welqwU wb‡q Bsj¨v‡Û Pj‡Q ZzjKvjvg| GgbwK weªwUk cÖavbgš¿x †WwfW K¨v‡gibI Mjv Zz‡j‡Qb GB Ab¨vh¨Zvi weiæ‡×| GLb †`Lv hvK, bvBwK Gi Kx mgvavb K‡i wKsev m`yËi †`q| hv †nvK, dzUej Gfv‡e Avgv‡`i Rxeb‡K gvwZ‡q P‡j‡Q hyM hyM a‡i| GK cÖRb¥ †_‡K Ab¨ cÖR‡b¥| wek¦‡K GK my‡Zvq Muv_‡Q GKwU nvIqvfiv Pg©‡MvjK| GKmgq Gi c„ô‡cvlK wQj ivRvev`kviv| AvR `Lj wb‡q‡Q Ki‡cv‡i‡Ui cÖfziv| G‡K wb‡q Zv‡`i fvebv I †KŠk‡ji AšÍ †bB| GLv‡b A_© †hgb AbyNUK, ivRbxwZI Kg hvq bv| Avevi m„wókxj gvbyliv dzUe‡ji Dbœq‡b wb‡qvwRZ †i‡L‡Qb wb‡R‡`i, w`‡bi ci w`b| cÖwZ Pvi eQi ci wek¦ mwZ¨B wek¦MÖvg n‡q I‡V| Abvwej Av‡e‡M fv‡m Avgv‡`i MÖn| †hme †`k wek¦Kv‡c †L‡j Zv‡`i mg_©Kiv †hgb D‡Øj nq, †Zgwb †hme †`k †L‡j bv Zv‡`i dzUejwcÖqivI †Kv‡bv GKwU †`k‡K wb‡Ri †`k †f‡e †f‡m hvq UBU¤^yi Av‡e‡M| GmeB Avgvi `„wó‡Z †¯‹vi di BDwbwU| dzUejB Avm‡j wek¦‡K euva‡Z cv‡i GK my‡Zvq| g‡Wj: wgwj, Gwjbi, Aš‘, mvivn, gviæd, mycY©, mvb›` I ivqv †gKIfvi: cvi‡mvbv Qwe: nv`x DÏxb I B›Uvi‡bU Iq¨vi‡Wªve: †mRvb wjsKb, U‡qv K‡¤úvwRU wbUIq¨vi Mv‡g©›Um I iK wbUIq¨vi RyZv: evUv cvIqvi, bvBwK K…ZÁZv: †gvnv¤§` Bqvwnqv cÖkvmK, e½eÜz RvZxq †÷wWqvg

K¨vbfvm 31


wdPvi

†d«k _vK‡Z cÖwZw`b bvbv cÖ‡qvR‡b Avgv‡`i evB‡i †h‡Z nq| evmv †_‡K h‡Zv †d«k jyK wb‡q †ei nB bv †Kb, wKQzÿY ci Avgv‡`i †mB jveY¨ DavI n‡q hvq| cÖPÐ Mi‡g GgbwU AeavwiZ| †Zj I ayjvevwj gyLZ¡‡K wg‡k †Pnviv gwjb K‡i †Zv‡j| Nv‡gi Kvi‡Y kixi n‡q c‡o A¯^w¯ÍKi| †m gyn~‡Z© g‡b nq, VvÛv cvwb w`‡q †Mvmj Kiv Qvov G †_‡K gyw³ †bB| †d«k _vK‡j cy‡iv w`bUvB fv‡jv hvq, G‡Z gyW _v‡K Pbg‡b, kixi KvR Kivi D`¨gI wd‡i cvq| Ab¨w`‡K wb‡R‡K K‡i †Zvjv hvq A‡bK †ewk AvZ¥wek¦vmx| mviv w`b evB‡i KvR Kivi ciI †Mvm‡ji ci †hgb †d«k jv‡M, †Zgb Abyf‚wZ hw` cvIqv †hZ, A_ev NÈvi ci NÈv hw` ayjvevwji iv¯Ívq mgq cvi Kivi ciI m‡ZRZv _vK‡Zv, Zvn‡j nq‡Zv A‡bK PvIqvi GKwU c~iY n‡Zv| wKš‘ evsjv‡`‡k wK GgbwU m¤¢e? ZvB G †`‡ki gvbyl MÖx‡®§i †P‡q kxZKvj‡KB †ewk fv‡jvev‡m| kx‡Z GZ weiw³Ki Ae¯’vi g‡a¨ co‡Z nq bv| ZLb bv _v‡K Ng©v³ kixi, _v‡K bv AvÛvi Av‡g© Nv‡gi Dc`ªe ev Avkcv‡ki gvby‡li KvQ †_‡K ev‡R MÜ cvIqvi `ywðšÍv| ïay kx‡ZB m¤¢e GgbwU| wKš‘ ev¯ÍeZv †Zv wfbœ, KviY, †gŠmywg evqyi evsjv‡`‡k m~h© †Kej Zvc evwo‡q P‡j‡Q, Zv bq; eis evZv‡m †i‡L hv‡”Q cÖPzi wnDwgwWwU| ZvB Mi‡g †N‡g‡b‡q kix‡i A¯^w¯Í Avgv‡`i RxebhvÎvi Awe‡”Q`¨ Ask| Ggb mgm¨v _vK‡eB, †m Rb¨ wK Avgiv Mi‡g KL‡bvB †d«k _vK‡ev bv? mvaviYZ Mi‡g wWI‡Wv‡i›U e¨envi K‡i Avgiv ev‡R MÜ `~i K‡i _vwK| evRv‡i bvbvb eª¨v‡Ûi wWI cvIqv hvq| wWI‡Wv‡i›U g~jZ Nv‡gi Kvi‡Y m„ó e¨vK‡Uwiqv‡K aŸsm K‡i| e¨vK‡Uwiqv Nvg ï‡l wb‡q `yM©‡Üi m„wó K‡i| wWI‡Wv‡i›U †mB mgm¨v †_‡K gyw³ †`q| Avevi GLb Nvg cÖwZ‡iv‡a e¨envi Kiv nq A¨vw›Ucvm©wci¨v›U| GwU Nvg m„wó n‡Z †`q bv| GwU Nvg †ei n‡Z evavi m„wó K‡i, Gi A¨vjywgwbqvg më †mB KvRwU K‡i _v‡K| GLb Avgv‡`i †`‡kI A¨vw›Ucvm©wci¨v›U cY¨ mnRjf¨| cÖ‡qvRb ey‡S †e‡Q wb‡Z cv‡ib †d«k _vKvi †h‡Kv‡bv GKwU cY¨| GKwU †hgb †`‡e `yM©Ü †_‡K gyw³, Ab¨wU `yM©Ü I Nvg †_‡K m„ó A¯^w¯Íi Dckg| y ZvwiKzj Bmjvg wg_yb

K¨vbfvm 32


I‡fb †_‡K wbU

we‡kl wdPvi

dzUe‡ji Rvwm© †Zv †Kej †L‡jvqvo‡`i cwi‡aq bq| GwU n‡q I‡V eª¨vwÛs‡qi †`¨vZK| gq`vb †_‡K M¨vjvwi‡Z, `ywbqvRy‡o

AvKvwk Avi Mvp jvjÑ GB wZb †mU Rvwm© evwb‡qwQj| wiwWs †ivwqs K¬v‡ei cÖZxK wn‡m‡eB GB wZb i‡Oi e¨envi n‡Zv †mB mg‡q| 1871-72 †gŠmy‡gi dvBbvj g¨v‡P gy‡LvgywL n‡qwQj IqvÛvivm© I `¨ i‡qj BwÄwbqvm©| GB `ywU `‡ji †L‡jvqvoiv wQj D”Pga¨weË Avi wb¤œ-D”PweË †kÖYxi cÖwZwbwa| Zviv K¬v‡ei i‡Oi m‡½ wgwj‡q wb‡RivB `wR©i KvQ †_‡K †cvkvK ˆZwi K‡i wb‡qwQj| Gi d‡j †L‡jvqvo‡`i wbR¯^ iæwPi cÖwZdjb N‡UwQj †mB Rvwm©¸‡jv‡Z| †Kv‡bvUvq eo Kjvi, Avevi †Kv‡bvUvq GK`g †QvU| ¯‹Uj¨v‡ÛI dzUej †Ljvi PP©v ïiæ nq †mB wf‡±vwiqvb hy‡MB| ¯‹Uj¨v‡Ûi cÖ_g K¬ve KzBÝ cvK© Gdwm cÖwZwôZ nq 1867 mv‡j| Gici nvB‡ewb©qvb Gdwm (1875), WviDBbmn AviI †ek wKQz K¬v‡ei Rb¥ nq †mLv‡b| 1880 mvj ch©šÍ Bsj¨v‡Û †Kej 1909 Gd G Kvc dvBbvj, †kfib wWRvB‡bi kv‡U© g¨vb‡P÷vi BDbvB‡UW (mv`v) I 1933 Gd G Kvc dvBbvj, cÖ_gev‡ii g‡Zv kv‡U© b¤^i Av‡m (wb‡P)

dzUe‡ji BwZnvm KZ cÖvPxb, Zv ejv KwVb| ˆPwbK cwÐZ‡`i `vwe, dzUe‡ji ïiæ Zv‡`i KvQ †_‡KB| Avevi weªwUkivI GB K… wZZ¡ nvZQvov Ki‡Z bvivR| Ab¨w`‡K †bwUf Av‡gwiKvb‡`i cvkv‡nigvb, A‡÷ªwjqvi Avw`evmx‡`i gvb© MÖæK, gvIwi‡`i wK-IivwnI GB †Ljvi Avw` ms¯‹iY| ZvB dzUe‡ji BwZnv‡m Rvwm©i Avwef©ve wb‡q wjL‡Z †M‡j A‡bKUvB wngwkg †L‡Z nq| bvbvgyLx BwZnv‡mi mvÿ¨ †g‡b ejv hvq, Pxb, Av‡gwiKv, A‡÷ªwjqv, gvIwi ev weª‡UbÑ †Kv‡bv †`‡kB cÖ_‡g wbw`©ó `‡ji Rb¨ we‡kl †cvkv‡Ki wbqg wQj bv| Z‡e weª‡U‡bi wjwLZ BwZnvm ej‡Q, beg kZ‡K AvaywbK dzUe‡ji PP©v ïiæ nq †mLv‡b| Avi 1860 mvj ch©šÍ dzUej †Ljvi †Kv‡bv wjwLZ AvBbB wQj bv, †mLv‡b wbw`©ó †cvkvK †Zv AviI `~‡ii Mí!

wf‡±vwiqvb hy‡M dzUej

wf‡±vwiqvb hy‡M A_©vr 1857 †_‡K 1899 mv‡j dzUej K¬ve ˆZwi n‡Z _v‡K weª‡U‡b| †kwdì Gdwm (1857), nvjvg (1860), bUm KvDw›U (1862) cÖ_g w`KKvi weªwUk dzUej K¬ve| GB K¬ve¸‡jv ïiæ †_‡KB wb‡R‡`i g‡Zv K‡i wbqg ˆZwi Ki‡jI wba©vwiZ †cvkvK civi cÖPjb ïiæ K‡i 1867 mv‡j| Gi Av‡M †Kv‡bv `‡jiB ÷¨vÛvW© Kvjvi e‡j †Kv‡bv wKQzi Aw¯ÍZ¡ wQj bv| hvi †hgb Lywk kvU©, c¨v›U, RyZv c‡i †b‡g †hZ| `j †Pbvi Dcvq wQj GKUvBÑ mevB gv_vq GKB i‡Oi K¨vc ciZ ev m¨v‡k Szwj‡q ivLZ Kuv‡a| A‡bK mgq wµ‡KU †nvqvBUm c‡iI †b‡g †hZ †L‡jvqvoiv| 1871 mv‡j cÖ_gev‡ii g‡Zv GdG Kvc gv‡V Movq| Gi Av‡Mi eQ‡iB BDwbdg© wK‡Ui cÖPjb ïiæ K‡iwQj ZLbKvi K¬ve¸‡jv| kv‡U©i iO ZLb wba©vwiZ n‡Zv `j¸‡jv †Kvb GjvKvi ev †Kvb cÖwZôv‡bi Abymvix, Zvi Ici wfwË K‡i| †hgb eø¨vKevb© †ivfvm© mv`v Rvwm©i Dci bxj gvwëR µ‡mi Rvwm© c‡i GdG Kv‡c Ask wb‡qwQj, hv kÖæmevwi ¯‹z‡ji cÖZxK| GKBfv‡e wiwWs K¬ve †Mvjvwc,

K¨vbfvm 34


Av‡¤^ªvi ˆZwi †cvkv‡K Bsj¨vÛ RvZxq `j, 1994 I Av‡m©bvj, 1937-38 †gŠmy‡g (wb‡P)

wkÿvcÖwZôv‡bi K¬v‡ei cÖwZwbwaZ¡ _vK‡jI ¯‹Uj¨v‡Û dzUej A¨v‡mvwm‡qkb M‡o I‡V Kg©Rxex gvbyl‡`i nvZ a‡i| †m †`‡k 1870 mv‡ji w`‡K wewfbœ K¬ve M‡o I‡V K¨v_wjK Pv‡P©i mn‡hvwMZvq| AvBwik es‡kv™¢‚Z ¯‹wUk‡`i K¬ve¸‡jvi †cvkv‡K _vKZ mv`v Avi mey‡Ri cÖvavb¨Ñ IUvB AvBwik RvZxqZvev‡`i cÖZxK| Avevi ¯‹wUk †MvôxZ‡š¿i nvZ a‡i †hme K¬v‡ei D™¢e, Zviv ci‡Zv Mvp bxj| Avevi BDwbqwbR‡g wek¦vmx K¬ve¸‡jvq mv`v Avi jvj i‡Oi cÖvavb¨ wQj| Z‡e mv`v Avi meyRÑ G `y‡Uv i‡Oi cÖvavb¨ †ewk wQj `wi`ª msL¨vjNy K¨v_wjK‡`i K¬ve¸‡jv‡Z| ejv hvq Bsj¨v‡Ûi AwfRvZ‡`i †Ljv dzUej, ¯‹Uj¨v‡Û K¨v_wjK Pv‡P©i nvZ a‡i †mLvbKvi Rbgvby‡li †Ljvq cwiYZ nq| `j Avi iæwP‡f‡` Kjvi †QvU-eo n‡jI, G mg‡q GKiOv Rvwm©i cvkvcvwk ÷ªvBc Rvwm©iI cÖPjb nq| nivBR›Uvj I fvwU©K¨vjÑ `yB ai‡bi ÷ªvBcB cÖPwjZ wQj| ÷ªvBc¸‡jvi cÖ¯’ GK BwÂi †ewk n‡Zv bv| BwZnv‡mi cÖ_g †¯úvU©mIq¨vi cÖ¯‘ZKvix cÖwZôvb eyUKvi Avwef©ve nq 1879 mv‡j| Z‡e eyUKv evRv‡i G‡mB †Zgb †Kv‡bv cwieZ©b Av‡bwb †¯úvU©mIq¨v‡i| wf‡±vwiqvb hyM a‡i P‡j Avmv †cvkvK‡KB †Kej eª¨vwÛs K‡iwQj Zviv| 1960 mvj ch©šÍ weªwUk Z_v BD‡ivwcqvb gv‡K©‡U cÖvq GK‡PwUqv e¨emv wQj Zv‡`i| wf‡±vwiqvb hy‡M nvW© KUb dvBevi w`‡q ˆZwi n‡Zv dzUe‡ji †cvkvK, hv‡Z †Ljvi mg‡q nvZvnvwZ‡Z kvU© wQu‡o bv hvq| Avi _vKZ wbKvi‡eªvKvm©| †mB c¨v›U hv‡Z c‡o bv hvq, Zvi Rb¨ wQj †eë ev †kvìvi ÷ª¨vc|

wek kZ‡K dzUej

1904 mv‡j bZzb wbqg cÖewZ©Z n‡j Zv‡Z nuvUz XvKvi wbqg D‡V hvq| wbKvi‡eªvKvm© cwiYZ nq kU©‡m| kvU© I kU©mÑ `y‡UvB GKUz UvBU wdwUs nq G mg‡q| kvU© Avi kU©‡mi Kvc‡o mywZ QvovI Ab¨vb¨ k³ I fvix b¨vPvivj dvBev‡ii (†hgb Dj) e¨envi n‡Z ïiæ K‡i| kv‡U© ÷ªvBc RbwcÖq n‡Z _v‡K G mg‡qB| Z‡e Av‡Mi kZ‡Ki †_‡K †gvUv n‡Z _v‡K ÷ªvBc¸‡jv| mvaviYZ `yB †_‡K wZb Bw n‡Zv ÷ªvBc¸‡jvi cÖ¯’| Z‡e cÖ_g wek¦hy‡×i wVK Av‡M ÷K‡cvU©

KvDw›U Qq Bw fvwU©K¨vj ÷ªvB‡ci kvU© c‡i gv‡V †b‡gwQj| †gvRvi e¨vcv‡i †Zgb †Kv‡bv wbqg bv _vK‡jI G mg‡q K¨v‡WU ÷ªvB‡ci Pj ïiæ nq| †gvRvi iO mvaviYZ Mvp bxj ev Kv‡jvi g‡a¨B mxgve× wQj Gi cieZx© cuvP `kK| kU©m Aek¨ †Kej mv`v, Kv‡jv Avi Mvp bxjÑ GB wZbwU i‡OiB n‡Zv| Avi KL‡bvev Kv‡jv kU©‡m i‡Oi NvUwZ n‡j a~mi kU©m cvIqv †hZ evRv‡i| †m Kvi‡Y kU©m Avi kv‡U© i‡Oi wgj n‡Zv bv A‡bK K¬v‡ei g‡a¨| 1912 mv‡j cÖwZwôZ †mvqvbwm UvDb (GLb †mvqvbwm wmwU) †Kej GKB i‡Oi †cvkvK civi K…wZZ¡ †`Lv‡Z †c‡iwQj ïiæ †_‡KB| KviY, Zviv wQj Aj †nvqvBU! wek kZ‡Ki ïiæ‡Z †jmW µz †bK Bsj¨v‡Û †ek RbwcÖq n‡Z ïiæ K‡i Avi ¯‹Uj¨v‡Û evUbW µz †bK kv‡U©i †ek Pvwn`v wQj| g¨vb‡P÷vi BDbvB‡UW 1909 mv‡ji GdG Kv‡ci dvBbv‡j wf †bK ev †kfib wWRvB‡bi kvU© c‡i cÖ_g gv‡V bv‡g| g¨vb‡P÷v‡ii GB †cvkvK‡KB ejv †h‡Z cv‡i cÖ_g ÷vBwjk wWRvBbvi †cvkvK, hv c‡i Ab¨ A‡bK `j‡K cÖfvweZ K‡iwQj| 1911 mv‡j wjfvicyj BqKW kv‡U©i cÖPjb Ki‡jI Zv †kfi‡bi †_‡K Kg RbwcÖq nq| d‡j †kfib wWRvBbUvB wU‡K _v‡K A‡bK w`b| 1909 mv‡j †MvjwKcvi‡`i Rb¨ cÖ_g Avjv`v Rvwm©i cÖPjb nq †idvwis‡qi myweav‡_©| Bsj¨v‡Û cÖ_‡g †MvjwKcvi‡`i Rb¨ eivÏ wQj jvj A_ev bxj iO| Gi wKQzw`b c‡iB meyR iOUvI †MvjwKcvi‡`i †cvkv‡K ¯^xK…Z nq| ¯‹Uj¨v‡Û Aek¨ †MvjwKcvi‡`i njy` iOUvB cÖPwjZ wQj †m mg‡q| †MvjwKcvi‡`i Rb¨ Avjv`v Rvwm© †m mg‡q †ek e¨qmva¨ wQj| ZvB Zv‡`i Rb¨ Avjv`v Ucm ˆZwii e`‡j K¬ve †_‡K eivÏ wQj D‡ji †mv‡qUvi| Dwbk kZ‡Ki †kl w`‡K weª‡U‡bi Dcwb‡ek Avi e¨emvwqK kÎæwg·`i g‡a¨ Qwo‡q c‡o dzUej| 1914-15 mv‡j wek¦hy‡×i Kvi‡Y †Ljv eÜ _v‡K, GKB m‡½ ïiæ nq A_©‰bwZK g›`v| Dwbk kZK Avi wek kZ‡Ki cÖ_g fv‡M weª‡Ub‡K Kvc‡oi iO Avg`vwb Ki‡Z n‡Zv Rvg©vwbi KvQ †_‡K| hy× Ges cieZ©x mg‡q Rvg©vbiv Bs‡iR‡`i Kv‡Q iO ißvwb bv Kivq weª‡Ub‡K wb‡R‡`i I Ab¨ RvqMv †_‡K Zv Avg`vwb Ki‡Z nq| d‡j hy‡×i Av‡MKvi Rvwm© Avi c‡ii Rvwm©‡Z i‡Oi cv_©K¨ cÖKU n‡q I‡V| 1920 mv‡j eyUKv‡K P¨v‡jÄ Rvwb‡q c_Pjv ïiæ K‡i nvg‡d« eªv`vm© †Kv¤úvwb| cuvP eQi ci GB †Kv¤úvwbi bvg nq Av‡¤^ªv| hw`I †Zgb hyMvšÍKvix wKQz D™¢veb K‡iwb ZvivÑ †mÖd fvM ewm‡qwQj eyUKvi e¨emvq| 1916 mv‡j BZvwj‡Z Kvàv ïiæ K‡i dzUej wKU ˆZwii KvR| 1921 mv‡j AvBb nq, ågYKvix `j‡K †cvkvK cwieZ©b Ki‡Z n‡e, hw` `yB `‡ji †cvkvK wg‡j hvq| Gi Av‡M wbqg wQj wVK D‡ëv, A_©vr ¯^vMwZK `j‡K e`jv‡Z n‡Zv †cvkvK| MZ kZ‡Ki w·ki `k‡K †ek wKQz cwieZ©b Av‡m dzUej wK‡U| wdZvIqvjv µz †bK kvU© nvwi‡q †h‡Z _v‡K, kU© d¬vB Kjvi kv‡U©i cÖPjb nq| GfviUb cÖ_gev‡ii g‡Zv kU©‡mi `yB cv‡k ÷ªvBc wWRvBb wb‡q Av‡m| Gi Av‡M M‡elYv n‡q‡Q kv‡U©i wWRvBb wb‡q, ZvB kU©‡mi wWRvBb weeZ©‡b Ae`vb ivLv cÖ_g K¬ve n‡jv GfviUb| 1933 mv‡j nvev©U© P¨vcg¨vb Av‡m©bv‡ji †cvkv‡K cwieZ©b Av‡bbÑ wfbœ i‡Oi w¯øf, bxj †gvRv Avi cÖvq miæ Mjvi kv‡U© wekvj Kjvi| 1933 mv‡ji GdG Kvc dvBbv‡j g¨vb‡P÷vi wmwU Avi GfviUb cÖ_g kv‡U© b¤^i e¨envi K‡i| GfviU‡bi †L‡jvqvo‡`i Rb¨ eivÏ wQj 1 †_‡K 11, Avi g¨vb‡P÷vi

K¨vbfvm 35


wmwU 12 †_‡K 22| 1939 mvj †_‡K †L‡jvqvo †Pbvi myweav‡_© b¤^iIqvjv kvU© civ eva¨Zvg~jK Kiv nq| Gi Av‡MB Aek¨ Av‡m©bvj wK‡U P¨vcg¨vb b¤^‡ii cÖ_v Pvjy K‡i w`‡qwQ‡jb|

wØZxq wek¦hy‡×i ci

1946 mv‡j Avevi bZzb K‡i †Ljv ïiæ n‡jI A_©‰bwZK g›`v Avi †ikwbs‡qi Rb¨ A‡bK K¬ve‡KB Zv‡`i HwZn¨evnx iO wemR©b w`‡Z n‡qwQj| GgbwK wKQz K¬ve Zv‡`i mg_©K‡`i †ikb Kzcb †_‡KI msMÖn KiZ cÖ‡qvRbxq †cvkvK| mvD_‡cvU© Gdwm Kv‡jv mv`vi nivBR›Uvj ÷ªvBc †Q‡o K¬v‡ei GK wW‡i±‡ii †`Iqv meyR-mv`v fvwU©K¨vj ÷ªvB‡ci †cvkv‡K wZb eQi gvV `vwc‡qwQj| Iìn¨vg wZb eQi ¯’vbxq ivMwe `‡ji KvQ †_‡K jvj-mv`v fvwU©K¨vj ÷ªvB‡ci †cvkvK avi K‡i †L‡j‡Q| Avevi I‡q÷ eªg K¬ve †Kej bxj i‡Oi †cvkvK c‡iB hy×-cieZ©x cwiw¯’wZ mvgvj w`‡qwQj| K¬vBW Gdwm 1946-47 G c‡iwQj LvwK! G mg‡q Avevi wdZvmn µz †bK e¨eüZ n‡jI Kjv‡ii RbwcÖqZvq Zv wgwj‡q hvq| G mg‡q ûcW ÷wKs, A_©vr ÷ªvBc †gvRv †ek RbwcÖq n‡q I‡V| 1953 mv‡ji dvBbv‡j †evëb IqvÛvivm© gv‡V bv‡g Sjg‡j †cvkvK c‡i| †mB cÖ_g K…wÎg d¨vweªK e¨eüZ nq dzUej kvU© Avi kU©‡m| Gici KzBÝ cvK© †iÄvm© Avi †Uv‡K© BDbvB‡UW GB K…wÎg d¨vweª‡Ki †cvkvK e¨envi Ki‡Z ïiæ K‡i| 1954 mv‡j Av‡¤^ªv Bsj¨vÛ RvZxq `‡ji Rb¨ cÖ_g Awdwkqvj Rvwm© wKU ˆZwi K‡i| nvjKv AvwU©wdwkqvj dvBev‡ii w¯øK wf †bK, Lv‡Uv nvZv Avi cÖPwjZ kU©‡mi †_‡K AviI Lv‡Uv

2006 mv‡ji wek¦Kvc evQvBc‡e© K¨v‡giæ‡bi ÔIqvbwcmÕ Rvwm©

mywZi kU©m| †ek ZvovZvwoB GB †cvkvK jy‡d †bq we‡k¦i evwK K¬ve¸‡jvI| Z‡e dzj w¯øf kv‡U©i cÖPjbI wQj ZLb †L‡jvqv‡oi iæwPgvwdK! G mg‡q †ek D™¢vebx bKkv †`Lv hvq K¬ve¸‡jvq| 1956 mv‡j g¨vb‡P÷vi wmwU K¨vwÛ ÷ªvBcW kvU© c‡i †Lj‡Z ïiæ K‡i| A¨v÷b wfjvI c‡ii eQi nvjKv bxj Avi Mvp jv‡ji m‡½ K¨vwÛ ÷ªvBc ci‡Z ïiæ K‡i| G mg‡q D‡ji fvix †gvRvi e`‡j nvjKv bvBj‡bi †gvRv RvqMv K‡i †bq|

lvU-mËi

lvU Avi mˇii `kK wQj HwZn¨ †d‡j †cøBb A¨vÛ wm¤ú‡ji `ywU `kK| wf †b‡Ki e`‡j µz †bK Avevi wd‡i Avm‡Z ïiæ

K‡i G mg‡q| kvU© AviI AuvUmuvU, kU©m AviI kU© n‡q †Mj| bvBj‡bi †gvRv AviI †cv³ wfZ †cj G mg‡q| js w¯øf Avevi wd‡i Avm‡Z ïiæ K‡i| lv‡Ui `k‡Ki †U·UvBj g¨vbyd¨vKPvwis‡qi I WvBs‡qi DbœwZi Rb¨B bZzb bZzb wWRvBb ˆZwi n‡Z _v‡K dzUej wK‡U| lv‡Ui `k‡K d¬vWjvB‡U iv‡Zi †Ljv ïiæ n‡ZB †evSv †Mj, Lye mvaviY mv`v wKUB d¬vWjvB‡Ui Rb¨ fv‡jv| 1959 mv‡j K‡fw›Uª GB Pj ïiæ K‡iÑ †mB m‡½ Uªvb‡gqvi, eª¨vW‡dvW© wcG, G‡·Uvi, eªvBUb, wµ÷vj c¨v‡jm, ¯‹vb‡_ªvc, Iqvjmvj, BqK©, †Wv‡¼÷vi, †cvU© f¨v‡j Avi wjWm BDbvB‡UW Zv‡K AbymiY K‡i| 1962 mv‡j K‡fw›Uªi wRwg wnj, Av‡Mi †gŠmy‡g Lvivc Kiv †L‡jvqvo‡`i g‡bvej PvOv Ki‡Z Ô¯‹vB eøy †ifwjDkbÕ K‡ib| ¯‹vB eøy wK‡U gv‡V bv‡g Zviv Gi ci †_‡K| GB AvBwWqv †Pjwm, wjfvicyj, A¨vevwWbI eiY K‡i †bq| bZzb me AvBwWqv Avi wWRvB‡bi †Zv‡c nvwi‡q †h‡Z _v‡K HwZn¨| lv‡Ui `k‡K †Pjwm kv‡U©i m‡½ kU©‡mI b¤^i wjL‡Z _v‡K| GB cÖ_vI beŸB‡qi `kK ch©šÍ cÖvq me `jB †g‡b P‡j‡Q| 1969 mv‡j AvBb Kiv nq, †cøBb †bwf i‡Oi kvU© Pj‡e bv| KviY, g¨vP †idvwii Kv‡jv kv‡U©i m‡½ †mUv wg‡j hvq| Gi d‡j mvD_GÛ Zv‡`i GKiOv †bwf kv‡U©i m‡½ mv`v ÷ªvBc wb‡q †bq| Av‡m©bvj Avi ¯úvm© †bwf †_‡K njy` kv‡U© cwiewZ©Z K‡i wb‡R‡`i| G mg‡qB Aëvi‡bwUf wKU †m‡U g¨vwPs †gvRvI AšÍfz©³ nq| Õ69 mv‡jB A¨v÷b wfjvi g¨v‡bRvi Uwg †WvKvwU© wf Bb‡m‡Ui Kjvi kv‡U©i cÖPjb K‡ib| K‡qK eQ‡ii g‡a¨B me K¬veB Zv AbymiY Ki‡Z ïiæ K‡i| mˇii `k‡K weª÷j †ivfvm©, nvWvm©wdì UvDb, †kwdì I‡qW‡bm‡Wi g‡Zv `j, hviv ÔAvaywbKÕ n‡qwQj, Zviv Avevi Zv‡`i cyi‡bv bxj-mv`v ÷ªvBcW kv‡U© wd‡i hvq| Zv‡`i †`Lv‡`wL Ab¨ A‡bK K¬veI cyi‡bv †cvkv‡K wd‡i †h‡Z _v‡K| wµ÷vj c¨v‡jm mv`v c¨v‡b‡j bxj-Mvp jv‡ji ÷ªvB‡c bZzb ai‡bi wWRvB‡bi cÖPjb K‡i| evwg©sn¨vg wmwU 1974 mv‡j Zv‡`i †UªWgvK© Ô†c½yBb ÷ªvBcÕ cÖPjb K‡i| mv`v c¨v‡b‡ji `yB w`‡K bxj ÷ªvBc| G eQ‡iB evb©wj Zv‡`i GKiOv Mvp jvj kv‡U© WªvgvwUK wf †b‡Ki cÖPjb K‡i| 1973 mv‡j wjWm g¨v‡bRvi Wb †iwf A¨vWwgivj bv‡gi bZzb Rvwm© g¨vbyd¨vKPviv‡ii m‡½ Pzw³ K‡ib| g~jZ GB Pzw³B e`‡j †`q Rvwm©-evwYR¨| A¨vWwgivj wjW‡mi Rb¨ dzUej wKU evbv‡e, hvi jvB‡mÝ _vK‡e K¬v‡ei| †mB m‡½ Zviv †mB wK‡Ui †iwcøKv evwb‡q K¬ve d¨vb‡`i Kv‡Q wewµ Ki‡e, hvi †_‡K K¬ve I A¨vWwgivjÑ `yB cÿB jvfevb n‡e| g¨vb BD, I‡q÷n¨vg, mvD`v¤úUbI 1975-76 †gŠmy‡gB wjWm‡K AbymiY K‡i| A¨vWwgivj Aek¨ K¬v‡ei Rb¨ evbv‡bv wK‡U b¨vPvivj dvBevi Avi †jv‡Mv evbv‡Z A¨v¤^ªqWvwi e¨envi Ki‡Zv| †iwcøKv‡Z bvBj‡bi g‡Zv m¯Ív DcKiY Avi cøvw÷K †jv‡Mv‡Z wnU †cÖm Kiv n‡Zv| Av‡¤^ªv Avi eyUKv, cyi‡bv `yB wKU cÖ¯‘ZKvix cÖwZôvb A¨vWwgiv‡ji GB gv‡K©wUs cwjwmi Reve †`q 1976 mv‡j| Zviv Zv‡`i ˆZwi Kiv kvU©, kU©m Avi †gvRvq †jv‡Mv ewm‡q †`q, hv‡Z mn‡RB †Pv‡L c‡o| c‡i A¨vWwgivjI Zv AbymiY K‡i| G mg‡q Avevi DÌvb nq †nv‡evi g‡Zv wKQz cÖwZôv‡bi, hviv gvBbi K¬ve¸‡jvi wKU ˆZwi Ki‡Z _v‡K| Rvg©vb eª¨vÛ A¨vwWWvm 1977 mv‡j AvšÍR©vwZK gv‡K©‡U †Xv‡K Bc&mDBP UvDb I wgWjm‡eªvi wKU mieivn K‡i| mˇii `k‡KB

K¨vbfvm 36


¯úÝiiv Zv‡`i bvg Pwo‡q †`qvi †Póv K‡i kv‡U©| 1977 mv‡j eyUKvi †ek eomo †jv‡Mv wb‡q gv‡V bv‡g nvB‡ewb©qvb|

Avwki `kK

G mgqUv wQj wgwWqvi m‡½ K¬ve¸‡jvi SMovi mgq! ¯úÝiW kvU© civ †Kv‡bv K¬v‡ei †Ljv †`Lv‡Z A¯^xK…wZ Rvbvq wewewm I AvBwUwf| 1983 mv‡j Aek¨ wKQz kZ© w`‡q Zviv †Ljv †`Lv‡Z ïiæ K‡i| A¨vwWWvm G mg‡q g¨vb BD Avi wjfvicy‡ji m‡½ wKU wWRvB‡bi Pzw³ K‡i| G mgq Uª¨vwWkbvj KUb kv‡U©i e`‡j AvwU©wdwkqvj cwj‡q÷vi w`‡q ˆZwi kv‡U©i cÖPjb nq| cÖ¯‘ZKvix cÖwZôv‡bi `vwe, GUv †Kej m¯ÍvB bq, eis A‡bK Kg g‡qðvi aviY K‡i Ges G‡Z iO wb‡q †LjvI hvq †ek fv‡jvfv‡e| GKB m‡½ Zvc w`‡q Kg‡cø· c¨vUvb© wb‡qI †ek fv‡jvfv‡e KvR Kiv hvq, hv b¨vPvivj d¨vweª‡K AwPšÍbxq| Gfv‡e †d«Â †j †Kv †¯úvwU©f, ¯ú‡ji g‡Zv wKU cÖ¯‘ZKvix cÖwZôvb †Pjwm, GfviUb, A¨v÷bwfjv, †cvU©mgvD_, †Uv‡Ubn¨vg nU¯úv‡ii Rb¨ wKU ˆZwi Ki‡Z _v‡K| G mg‡q wZbiOv ÷ªvB‡ci cÖeZ©b K‡i wjfvicyj| 1986 mv‡j W¨vwbk `‡ji wKU cÖ¯‘ZKvix cÖwZôvb nv‡gjI AvšÍR©vwZK evRv‡i cÖ‡ek K‡i| Avwki `k‡Ki †k‡l G‡m †`Lv hvq, kvU©¸‡jv nvjKv d¨vweª‡Ki Kj¨v‡Y AviI DbœZ n‡q‡Q KvwUs I wWRvB‡bi w`K †_‡K|

beŸB

beŸB‡qi `k‡K dzUe‡j UvKvi QovQwo| m¨v‡UjvBU wUwfi m‡½ Pzw³, wewfbœ ¯ú݇ii mv‡½ Pzw³, †L‡jvqvo‡`i e¨w³MZ ¯úÝiÑ me wgwj‡q GB `k‡Ki dzUej| K¬ve d¨vb‡`i Rb¨ ˆZwi †iwcøKv Rvwm©i e¨emv Kíbv‡KI nvi gvwb‡q †`q| G wb‡qI Avevi wKU cÖ¯‘ZKvix cÖwZôvb¸‡jvi e¨emvwqK cwiKíbv Ki‡Z nq bZzb K‡i| ïay gv‡V bq, wRbm ev UªvDRv‡ii m‡½I gvwb‡q hvq, Ggb kvU© ˆZwi Kivi ayg c‡o hvq| eo eo K¬veI mgv‡jvPbvi gy‡L c‡o GB e¨emvi ai‡b| KviY, Zviv Nb Nb Zv‡`i Rvwm© cwieZ©b Ki‡Z _v‡K, Avi mg_©‡KivI Rvwm©¸‡jv msMÖ‡ni Rb¨ D‡Vc‡o jv‡M| GB mgv‡jvPbvi Rb¨ K¬ve¸‡jv GKwU †R›Ujg¨vb A¨vwMÖ‡g›U K‡i, wKU cÖ¯‘ZKvix cÖwZôvb¸‡jvi m‡½ AšÍZ `yB †gŠmyg Zviv GKB †cvkvK c‡iB gv‡V bvg‡e| 1991 mv‡j GdG Kvc dvBbv‡j †Uv‡Ubn¨vg nU¯úvi Avevi lv‡Ui `k‡K nvwi‡q hvIqv js, e¨vwM kU©m c‡i gv‡V bv‡g| 1992 mv‡j Bswjk wcÖwgqvi wjM ïiæ n‡j K¬ve¸‡jv †di Kv‡jv †cvkvK c‡i †Ljvi my‡hvM cvq| KviY, G Avm‡iB cÖ_g †idvwiiv Zv‡`i cQ›`g‡Zv iO †e‡Q wb‡q gv‡V bvgvi my‡hvM cvb| wcÖwgqvi wj‡M cÖ_g w¯øf c¨v‡Pi ïiæ nq, hv GL‡bv K¬ve I AvšÍR©vwZK g¨v‡Pi †cvkv‡K e¨eüZ nq| †L‡jvqvo‡`i kv‡U©i †cQ‡b bvg †jLvi PjI ïiæ nq| Avevi e¨emvwqK jv‡fi Rb¨ wKU cÖ¯‘ZKvix †Kv¤úvwb¸‡jv Nb Nb K¬ve¸‡jvi w_‡gi Ici wfwË K‡i wewfbœ ai‡bi kvU© gv‡K©‡U Qvo‡Z _v‡K| 1993 mv‡j Av‡gwiKvb eª¨vÛ bvBwK gv‡K©‡U cÖ‡ek K‡i| evRv‡i G‡mB Av‡m©bv‡ji wKU mvcøvBqvi n‡q hvq Zviv, A¨vwWWvm‡K nwU‡q| G mg‡q †QvU cÖwZôvb¸‡jv nvwi‡q †h‡Z _v‡K, eo cÖwZôvb¸‡jvI Zv‡`i Mv‡g©›Um LuyR‡Z _v‡K fviZ, evsjv‡`k I Px‡bi g‡Zv †`‡k, †hLv‡b kÖg A‡bK m¯Ív| beŸB‡qi `kK bZzb wWRvBb, wW‡UBwjs, †gvwU‡di Rb¨B ¯§iYxq n‡q _vK‡e| GB `k‡K me‡P‡q we¯§qKi wQj nvj wmwUi UvBMvi wcÖ›U kvU©, hv weZwK©Z wQj †m mg‡q|

Gj K¬¨vwm‡Kv-evm©v-wiqv‡ji Rvwm© wbtm‡›`‡n me‡P‡q e¨vemvmdj Rvwm©

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bZzb mn¯ªv‡ã

2002 mv‡j Kvàv †ek AuvUmuvU w¯‹b UvBU K¤^¨vU wKU ˆZwi K‡i †`q BZvwj‡K| †mLvb †_‡K †Uv‡Ubn¨vg nU¯úvi‡K| Z‡e †mUv nv‡j cvwb cvqwb| KviY †iwcøKv wewµ Ki‡Z wM‡q †`Lv †Mj, mg_©Kiv †L‡jvqvo‡`i g‡Zv wdU bq! 2003 mv‡j cygv dzjn¨v‡gi Rb¨ GKwU R¨vwgwZK bKkvi wWRvBb †ei K‡i, hv c‡i BD‡iv‡ci cÖvq me K¬ve AbymiY Ki‡Z _v‡K| 2006-07 G †m‡KÛvwi ¯úÝi †jv‡Mv e¨env‡ii AbygwZ cvq K¬ve¸‡jv, kv‡U©i †cQ‡b| bZzb mn¯ªv‡ã me‡P‡q Av‡jvwPZ wQj 2002 mv‡j Avwd«Kvbm †bkb Kv‡c K¨v‡giæ‡bi w¯øf‡jm kvU©| cygvi ˆZwi GB wKU wb‡q wddv Avi K¨v‡giæb evM&&hy‡× wjß n‡qwQj| c‡i Aek¨ wddvi Av‡`k †g‡b wb‡qwQj K¨v‡giæb, Avi †mB w¯øf‡jm kvU© e¨vb Kiv nq| Z‡e K¨v‡giæb Avi cygv wg‡j 2004 mv‡j Avevi nBPB †d‡j †`q| Iqvì© Kvc †Kvqvwjwd‡Kkb ivD‡Û cygvi BDwbK wU bv‡gi Iqvbwcm c‡i †Lj‡Z †b‡gwQj K¨v‡giæb| djvdjÑ †Kvqvwjwd‡Kkb ivD‡Û AwR©Z c‡q‡›Ui †_‡K 6wUB †K‡U †bq wddv| bZzb mn¯ªv‡ã †Kej K‡qKwU †Kv¤úvwbi hy× Qvov Avi †Zgb †Kv‡bv D‡jøL‡hvM¨ cwieZ©b Av‡mwb dzUej wK‡U| GKRb Av‡iKRb‡K cÖhyw³ w`‡q Avi gv‡K©wUs cwjwm w`‡q Nv‡qj Kivi †Póv Ki‡Q| †mB m‡½ i‡q‡Q †L‡jvqvo‡`i A¨v¤^v‡mWi K‡i †bqvi jovB| cÖvq cÖwZwU †Kv¤úvwbB weÁvc‡b `vwe K‡i, Zv‡`i †cvkvK †L‡jvqvo‡`i cvidig¨vÝ evovq; wKš‘ cÖK…Z K_v n‡jvÑ meB ˆZwi nq cwj‡q÷vi w`‡q Avi me cwj‡q÷vi GK! 2014 wek¦Kv‡cI Rvwm© ˆZwii †Kv¤úvwb¸‡jvi jovB †_‡g †bB| A¨vwWWvm, cygv, †jv‡Uv, bvBwK, Av‡¤^ªv, g¨viv_b, †Rvgvi g‡Zv cÖwZôvb¸‡jv hvi hvi AvBwWqv wb‡q ïiæ K‡i w`‡q‡Q K¨v‡¤úBb| †K Kvi †_‡K fv‡jv Rvwm© evwb‡q‡Q, ZvI GLb mevi Rvbv| me evsjv‡`wki Me© Kivi e¨vcvi, Avgv‡`i Mv‡g©›Um †_‡KB we‡k¦ Qwo‡q c‡o‡Q †iwcøKv¸‡jv, Avevi j¾viÑ GZ GZ ˆe‡`wkK gy`ªv Avq Kivi ciI, Mv‡g©›Um kÖwgK‡`i b~¨bZg gRywi w`‡Z Avgv‡`i ev‡a, GgbwK Zv‡`i KvR Kivi wbivc` cwi‡ekUzKzI w`‡Z cvwi bv Avgiv|

K¨vbfvm 37

y Avj

gviæd iv‡mj Qwe: B›Uvi‡bU


dzUej-AvµvšÍ nvwj©

nivBRb

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wcDgvi wUªKm

A¨vwWWvm †i‡Uªv

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K¨vbfvm 38


†eqvi †ewmKm

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K¨vbfvm 44


†gKAvc wdw·s †iv`, e„wó ev Nvg| wKQz‡ZB bó n‡e bv †gKAvc| _vK‡e wcKPvi cvi‡d±| eûÿY

K¨vbfvm 45


wdPvi

†Mgvim weDwU ïay `„wób›`b †Ljv bq; †L‡jvqvo‡`i †nqvi÷vBj, jyK †_‡K ïiæ K‡i M¨vjvwi gvZv‡bv `k©K‡`i iO‡ei‡Oi mvRÑ meB †÷wWqvg‡K K‡i †Zv‡j D‡ËRbvgq my›`‡ii Zx_©

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K¨vbfvm 46


KvD›UWvDb Pj‡Q| wek¦Kvc †_‡K c`©v IVvi AviI wKQzw`b evwK| wKš‘ Gi g‡a¨B PP©vq P‡j G‡m‡Q 2014 wek¦Kv‡ci m¤¢ve¨ nU †dfvwiU †nqvi÷vBj¸‡jv| Pj‡Q Pzj‡Piv we‡kølY Avi ZvwjKv ˆZwii KvR| GeviKvi wj‡÷ cÖ_‡gB _vK‡Q eªvwRwjqvb †L‡jvqvo †bBgv‡ii Ô†µ÷ †gvnKÕ †nqvi÷vBj| GwU †mvRv Pz‡jB †ewk gvbvbmB| Avi Pzj Kvwj© n‡j †÷BUwbs AvqibB fimv| gv_vi P‚ovq _vKv Pzj¸‡jv †mvRv Lvov K‡i DwV‡q †Rj w`‡q †mU K‡i ˆZwi nq G AcÖwZg ÷vBj| gv_vi `yB cv‡ki Pzj †QvU Avi †cQ‡bi Pzj ivLv nq j¤^v| PvB‡j bvbv i‡O ivwO‡qI †bqv hvq| ZvwjKvq AviI _vK‡Q BZvwjqvb ÷ªvBKvi w÷‡db Gj kvDwii k¨vwM DB` †kfW †nqvi jvBb KvU| mvaviYZ gv_vi P‚ovi Pzj eo K‡i ivLv nq G ÷vB‡j| Avi gv_vi evwK me Pzj †QvU K‡i †Qu‡U wWRvBb †g‡b †kfW jvBb †U‡b †`qv nq| BZvwji Av‡iK †L‡jvqvo gvwiI evjv‡Ëwji UªvBevj †gvnKI _vK‡Q ZvwjKvq| gv_vi P‚ov eivei †gvnK K‡i evwK As‡ki Pzj †QvU K‡i †Qu‡U ˆZwi Kiv nq `„wó-AvKl©K me UªvBevj wWRvBb| G †hb Pz‡ji we‡kl wkíKjv| Rvg©vwbi gv‡K©v †iD‡mi mvBW cv‡U©W AvÛviKvU †nqvi÷vBjI gvZv‡e GeviKvi dzUej‡cÖgx‡`i| †¯ú‡bi dvb©v‡›`v †Zv‡i‡mi eª¨vÛ wbD PcW µc jyK Abvqv‡mB GeviKvi wek¦Kv‡ci †UªÛ †mwUs ÷vB‡ji †LZve cvIqvi †hvM¨| †ejwRqv‡gi dzUejvi g¨v‡ivb †djvwqwbi Av`‡jI nq‡Zv Pzj mvRv‡eb A‡b‡K| Zvi GB †nqvi÷vBj‡K K¬vDb DB‡Mi b¨vPvivj GwWkbB ejv P‡j| †WwfW wfqvi ¯úvBwK d· nK, †gwmi µz KvU, †ivbvj‡`vi K¬vwmK Ucvi †nqvi÷vBj‡K m‡½ wb‡qB m¤ú~Y© n‡e GeviKvi Iqvì© Kvc wmR‡bi wnU †nqvi÷vBj PvU©| dzUejvi‡`i U¨vUzI A‡bKvs‡k evwo‡q †Zv‡j wek¦Kv‡ci †mŠ›`h©| cy‡iv Av‡qvRb Kvwb©fv‡ji Av‡gR G‡b †`q| g¨viv‡Wvbv †_‡K ïiæ K‡i †gwmÑ me †mwjweªwU dzUejv‡ii ÷vBj †÷U‡g‡›Ui Ask n‡q D‡V‡Q kix‡i dzwU‡q †Zvjv Gme wkíKjv| dzUejvi‡`i †`n‡mŠ›`h©

evov‡bvi m‡½ m‡½ G¸‡jv e¨w³Z¡ I iæwPi cwiPvqK wn‡m‡e MY¨ n‡”Q| Ab¨w`‡K `k©K‡`i Rb¨ U¨vUz `„wó-AvKl©K, Avb‡›`i Drm; hv †Ljvi †mŠ›`‡h© ˆewPΨ †hvM K‡i| ZvB †L‡jvqvo‡`i m‡½ Zv‡`i d¨vb Ges d‡jvqviivI g‡R‡Qb U¨vUz‡Z| †nvK Zv Bsj¨v‡Ûi ÷vBKvi iæwbi evûRy‡o AuvKv †KwëK µm A_ev AvBwik wgWwdìvi w÷‡db Avqvij¨v‡Ûi wcVRy‡o AuvKv cvwLi Wvbvi g‡Zv ewY©j| GLb wek¦ ïay †L‡jvqvo‡`i †LjvB †`‡L bv, †PvL iv‡L Zv‡`i †`‡ni K¨vbfv‡mI| ZvB U¨vUzi wWRvB‡bI †`Lv †g‡j ˆewP‡Î¨i| gv, evev, ¯¿x ev mšÍv‡bi cÖwZK…wZ, bv‡gi cvkvcvwk A‡bK †L‡jvqvoB †`‡n †Lv`vB K‡i †bb wcÖq †Kv‡bv Dw³, Rvwm© b¤^i A_ev A¨vwm‡gwUªK UªvBevj wWRvBb| dzUej wek¦Kv‡ci M¨vjvwi cy‡iv Av‡qvR‡bi †mŠ›`‡h©i GKwU we‡kl Ask| G‡KK g¨v‡P M¨vjvwi †m‡R I‡V G‡KK i‡O, X‡O| wcÖq `‡ji mg_©‡b A‡b‡KB wb‡R‡K mvwR‡q †Zv‡jb `‡ji Rvwm©i i‡O| †gKAvc, †dm‡cBw›Us, ewW †cBw›Us I †gKIfviÑ mewKQz Qvwc‡q cÖvavb¨ cvq `‡ji cZvKv| bvbv iOv DBM, (cvwLi iwOb cvjKI Zv‡Z †`Lv hvq) wewPÎ †nqvi÷vBj, U¨vUz Avi gv‡¯‹ †m‡R IVv `k©Kiv M¨vjvwii †mŠ›`h© evovb| wbtm‡›`‡n| dzUej wek¦Kv‡ci cÖfve c‡o weDwU BÛvw÷ª‡ZI| `ywbqvRy‡o| weL¨vZ me weDwU eª¨vÛ cvjøv w`‡q evRv‡i wb‡q Av‡m Zv‡`i wbZ¨bZzb me cÖWv± jvBb| †gKAv‡c AvwacZ¨ _v‡K dzUej wek¦Kv‡ci ¯§viK me i‡Oi| ¯^vMwZK †`k, †fby¨, `j¸‡jvi Rvwm© Ges cZvKvi iO †hb VuvB K‡i †bq †gKAvc e‡·i †QvÆ c¨v‡j‡U| myMw܇Z cÖvavb¨ cvq †¯úvwU© cviwdDg¸‡jv| Zv evRv‡i Av‡m ZviKv dzUejvi‡`i bv‡g| Zv‡`i Aby‡cÖiYvq cyiæl‡`i MÖæwgs cÖWv± jvB‡b mshy³ nq bZzb cY¨| GKRb ÷vBwjk dzUej †cøqvi †mwjweªwU wn‡m‡e wdj¥ ÷vi‡`i †_‡K †Kv‡bv As‡k Kg bb| cÖ‡Z¨K DBK G‡ÛB K¬v‡ei c‡ÿ dzUej †kv _v‡K Zv‡`i, hvi wcÖwgqvi †kv †`Lv hvq dzUej wek¦Kv‡c| jÿ-†KvwU gvby‡li †PvL _v‡K wUwf c`©vq| m‡½ _v‡K Av‡eM, DrKÉv I cÖZ¨vkv| wcÖq ZviKvi ÷vBj †÷U‡g›U Gi evB‡i bq| y

Rv‡niv wkixb Qwe: B›Uvi‡bU

K¨vbfvm 47


Kvwb©fv‡ji mvR †mŠ›`‡h©i Kvwb©fvjvB‡Rkb| i‡Oi we‡ùviY| mv‡Ri Hk¦h©| GB bv n‡j Drme wK ˆewP‡Î¨ Dc‡fvM¨ n‡Z cv‡i?

Av‡d«vw`wZ

eªvwRj cwiwPZ fvBeª¨v›U I ewY©j †cvkvK Avi †gKAv‡ci Rb¨| †`kwUi cÖm½ G‡jB g‡b Av‡m m~² Avi AvKl©Yxq wWRvB‡bi ˆewPΨgq iwOb me †cvkvK, Avi bRiKvov †gKAvc| G‡`i ms¯‹…wZ‡Z eûRvwZMZ Qvc ¯úó| eªvwRwjqvb ms¯‹…wZi g~j Luy‡R cvIqv hv‡e Avwd«Kvb I BD‡ivwcqvb Avw`evmx‡`i HwZn¨ I ms¯‹…wZ‡Z| Avevi wZb k evBk eQ‡ii cZz©wMR Jcwb‡ewkKZvi d‡j GLv‡b cZz©wMR cÖfve †ewk| bvbvb ms¯‹…wZ‡Z mg„× †`kwUi †Pnviv Avg~j cv‡ë hvq Kvwb©©f¨v‡ji mgq| we‡kl K‡i GB mgqKvi `„wó-AvKl©K w÷ªUc¨v‡iW †Zv fzebL¨vZ| hv‡K e‡j i‡Oi kZfvM D`&hvcb| ewY©jZvi we‡ùviYI e‡U| Kvwb©f¨vj wb‡q _v‡K Zv‡`i `xN© mg‡qi cÖ¯‘wZ| †K K‡Zv AvKl©Yxq Avi Avjv`v K‡i wb‡R‡K mvwR‡q Zzj‡Z cv‡i, Zv wb‡q ixwZg‡Zv †nvgIqvK© P‡j| Sjg‡j †cvkvK Avi RuvKv‡jv †gKAvc, m‡½ bvbvb A¨vK‡mmwiRÑ me wgwj‡q Drm‡ei cwic~Y© Av‡gR| Kvwb©f¨vj †gŠmy‡gi Avjv`v GKwU myi Av‡Q| eªvwRwjqvbiv h‡ZvUv m¤¢e AvKl©Yxq n‡q Gi Ask n‡Z Pvq| †bq Zv‡`i Drmem¤§Z †gKAvc| hv †ek †iwW‡q›U, m„Rbkxj Ges wKQzUv gRvi| eªvwRwjqvbiv Ggwb‡ZB i‡Oi e¨env‡i †ek mvnmx| Kvwb©f¨vj †gKAvc n‡j †Zv K_vB †bB| G‡Kev‡i i‡O cwic~Y©| Abyl½ wn‡m‡e †hvM nq cvjK, wMøUvi Km‡gwUKmmn wewfbœ Møwm DcKiY| _v‡K AvKl©Yxq I ˆewPΨgq j¨v‡km| cÖvavb¨ cvq bxj, meyR, njy` I jv‡ji g‡Zv jvDW me Kvjvi| gyLRy‡o †gKAvc bv _vK‡jI †Pv‡Li mv‡R Zv‡`i we‡kl bRi _v‡K| †PvL wb‡q wewfbœ ai‡bi wWRvBb ˆZwi nq| GgbwK gv‡¯‹i Av`‡j †gKAvc †bqv nq D`&hvc‡bi Ask wn‡m‡e wb‡R‡K †Mvcb Kivi Rb¨| jy‡K gRvi auvav m„wói Rb¨| HwZn¨ Avi AvaywbKZvi †gje܇b GLb Kvwb©f¨vj †gKAvc AviI ¯ú›`bgq| i‡Oi AvwaK¨, cÖ‡qv‡Mi wfbœZv Avi ˆewPΨgq Abyl‡½i HKZv‡b GB †gKAvc n‡q I‡V wKQzUv A™¢zZ, Z‡e `„wó-AvKl©K I AwfRvZ| y Zvmwgb Avn‡g` g‡Wj: bIwkb I Avbykv †gKIfvi: cvi‡mvbv Qwe: K¨vbfvm

K¨vbfvm 50


K¨vbfvm 51


wK‡Pb wm‡µU

kmvm~Î

kmvi ¯øvBm, im, †c÷ Avi bvbvb c¨vK Z¡K I Pz‡ji cwiPh©vq mnR, myjf I Kvh©Ki

K¨vbfvm 54


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Z¡KPP©vq

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kmvq 95 fvM cvwb _v‡K e‡j GwU Z¡‡Ki cvwbk~b¨Zv †iv‡a KvR K‡i| Gi exR¸‡jv‡Z i‡q‡Q cÖPzi wfUvwgb B Ges cUvwkqvg| ZvB kmv exRmn wKQzUv †_u‡Zv K‡i Z¡‡K jvMv‡j Zv ﮋZv †iv‡a mvnvh¨ K‡i gm„Y n‡q I‡V Z¡K|

†dmc¨vK wn‡m‡e

y GKwU UvUKv eo kmv Pvgovmn †QvU †QvU K‡i †K‡U †eøÛv‡i †eøÛ K‡i wbb| Zvici G wgkÖ‡Yi m‡½ K‡qK †duvUv †jeyi im I GK PvPvgP gay †gkvb| fv‡jv K‡i †gkv‡bv n‡j wgkÖYwU mviv gy‡L jvwM‡q wek wgwbU †i‡L w`b| ïwK‡q G‡j VvÛv cvwb w`‡q ay‡q †djyb| mßv‡n GK w`b GB c¨vK jvMv‡j Z¡K _vK‡e `~lYgy³ I †Kvgj| y `yB PvgP njy‡`i m‡½ GK PvgP †jeyi im Ges GKwU KzPv‡bv kmv wgwk‡q †c÷ K‡i wbb| Z¡‡K jvwM‡q c‡b‡iv wgwbU †i‡L w`b| ˆZjv³ Z¡‡Ki Rb¨ c¨vKwU Lye DcKvix| y hv‡`i Z¡K ﮋ Zviv e¨envi Ki‡Z cv‡ib GB c¨vK: GK Pv-PvgP IUm, GK †Uwej-PvgP KzwP kmv Ges GK PvgP gayi wgkÖY| gy‡L I Nv‡o jvwM‡q ivLyb Kgc‡ÿ cuwPk wgwbU| ïwK‡q †M‡j ay‡q †djyb|

PzjPP©vq

†mŠ›`h©we‡klÁ‡`i g‡Z, cÖwZw`b GK Møvm K‡i kmvi Rym cvb Kiæb| Pzj wb‡q †Kv‡bv mgm¨v _vK‡e bv| KviY, kmvi g‡a¨ _v‡K wmwjKb, mvjdvi, †mvwWqvg, dmdivm I K¨vjwmqvg RvZxq Dcv`vb| Pz‡ji Rb¨ G¸‡jv LyeB DcKvix| ZvB PzjSiv iv iæÿZv †iv‡a kmv n‡Z cv‡i mnR I Kvh©Ki mgvavb| Pzj wmwé I kvBwb K‡i Zzj‡Z PvB‡j k¨v¤úy Kivi ci KwÛkbv‡ii g‡Zv K‡i mivmwi kmvi im jvMv‡Z cv‡ib Pz‡j| `k wgwbU jvwM‡q Zvici ay‡q †djyb| G‡Z gv_vi Z¡KI Av`ª© _vK‡e| d‡j LykwK n‡e bv| y iZœv iwngv

K¨vbfvm 55

g‡Wj: B”Qv †gKIfvi: cvi‡mvbv Qwe: nv`x DÏxb


di wng

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†mwU mwVKfv‡e e¨envi Kiv nq| Aek¨B †iv‡` †ei nevi AvaNÈv Av‡M Zv jvMv‡Z n‡e| AviI wKQz welq †g‡b Pj‡j Zxeª Mi‡gI ¯^w¯Í wgj‡Z cv‡i| y †iv‡` †ei nevi mgq mvbMøvm e¨envi Kiæb| †mwU †hb nq AwZ‡e¸wb iwk¥ cÖwZ‡ivaK y mKvj 10Uv †_‡K we‡Kj 4Uv ch©šÍ m~‡h©i Av‡jvq h‡Zv Kg _vKv hvq, Z‡Zv fv‡jv| n¨vU e¨envi Kiv fv‡jv, gyLZ¡K G‡Z LvwbKUv iÿv cv‡e mivmwi ÿwZKi iwk¥ †_‡K y mßv‡n GKevi fv‡jv gv‡bi cÖWv± w`‡q ¯Œ¨ve Kiv `iKvi| G‡Z †WW †mj I Bb‡MÖvb †nqv‡ii mgm¨vi mgvavb n‡e y cÖ‡qvRb h‡ZvUv m¤¢e †ewk cvwb cvb Kiv| Z¡K †hb KL‡bv ﮋ bv nq GKUz m‡PZb n‡j Mi‡gI Aviv‡g _vKv m¤¢e| GB ¯^w¯ÍUzKz ˆ`bw›`b KvR¸‡jv ¯^vfvweKfv‡e †m‡i DV‡Z mvnvh¨ Ki‡e| _vKv hv‡e m‡ZR I DÏxß| mviv w`b| y

÷vd wi‡cvU©vi g‡Wj: dvinvb Qwe: nv`x DÏxb

K¨vbfvm 56


†bBj AvU©

K¨vbfvm 58


µxovcÖvwYZ dzUej‡cÖgxiv GLb b‡L wb‡”Qb AvKl©Yxq Avi µxovgq me bKkv| KL‡bv Zv n‡”Q wcÖq `‡ji Rvwm©i wWRvB‡b, KL‡bvev cZvKvi Av`‡j| Z‡e ûeû Rvwm© ev cZvKv Gu‡K †bqv n‡”Q, Zv wKš‘ bq| †mB iO ev wWRvBbcÖvwYZ gRvi me †bBj Av‡U© AvOz‡ji Ab¨ GK †mŠ›`h© m„wó Ki‡Qb mg_©Kiv| miæ Zzwj, Rvwm© ev cZvKvq e¨eüZ i‡Oi †bBjcwjk, Uc †KvU Avi GKUz `ÿZv| e¨m, G‡ZB D™¢vwmZ n‡q DV‡e Avcbvi cQ‡›`i †bBj AvU©| y weDwU †W¯‹ †bBj AvU©: cvi‡mvbv g‡Wj: †gŠmyg

K¨vbfvm 59


†jm wdZv

jvwZb ÷vBj

K¨vbfvm 60


Gevi Pz‡j K‡i wb‡Z cv‡ib †cødzj me evb| jvwZbcÖvwYZ| Zv n‡Z cv‡i A‡bK †ewYi mgwš^Z G·‡cwi‡g›U ev fwjDgbvBR Kvwj©| jy‡K wfbœZv ˆZwi †Zv nqB, mv‡RI Av‡m AvwfRvZ¨gq A¨vwcj| Gme †Kkm¾vq iwOb Avi wMøUvi A¨vK‡mmwi‡Ri †hvM ˆZwi K‡i fvBeª¨v›U Kvwb©f¨vj jyK| gv‡b, Drm‡ei Av‡gR †lv‡jv Avbv y weDwU †W¯‹ g‡Wj: my‡bn&iv, üw`, Kvwikgv, B”Qv †gKIfvi: cvi‡mvbv Qwe: nv`x DÏxb

K¨vbfvm 61


GwWUim Kjvg

wek¦Kvc dzUej G‡j Avwg wKQzUv G·vB‡UW n‡q cwo, b÷vjwRKI| B`vbxs evOvwj wµ‡KUcvMj RvwZ n‡q †M‡jI †QvU‡ejvq evev-PvPv‡`i †`‡LwQ, †Ljv ej‡Z Zuviv GKUv wRwbmB eyS‡ZbÑ dzUej| Avi wek¦Kvc G‡j †Zv K_vB †bB| cv‡ë †hZ evwo| bv, †Kej evwo bq, Avgv‡`i cvovgnjøv, ej‡Z †M‡j cy‡iv †`‡ki cwi‡ek| ivZ †R‡M †Ljv †`Lvi gRv Dc‡fvM Ki‡Zb mevB Avi Avgvi fv‡jv jvM‡Zv cwiev‡ii m‡½ iv‡Zi wcKwbK D`&hvcb| AvRI Dc‡fvM Kwi| dzUej wb‡q Av‡Mi †mB Db¥v`bv Avgvi g‡a¨ bv _vKzK, GL‡bv wek¦Kv‡ci mgq ivZ RvMv nq, eÜz‡`i m‡½ AvÇv, ZK©, †Uwjwfk‡bi c`©vq †PvL ivL‡Z ivL‡Z LvIqv`vIqv, meB nq| †Ljv fv‡jvev‡mb Ggb †Kvb cwiev‡i GwU N‡U bv? ciw`b bv-Nygv‡bv i³vf †PvL wb‡q Awdm Kiv, K¬vwšÍ, Z›`ªv”QbœZv †Pv‡Li wb‡P Kvwj, ewg ewg fveÑ Gme †`Lv †`q mvaviY mgm¨v n‡q| Zvi Ici GLb hv Mig! Ggwb‡ZB nuvmduvm Ae¯’v mevi| Zey ivZ RvM‡eb mevB, Dcvq †Zv †bB, †Ljv †Zv †`L‡Z n‡e| Ges ciw`b N‡ii KvR, evB‡i †ei nIqv, Awdm Ki‡Z n‡eÑ mewKQzB| hv‡`i my‡hvM Av‡Q Zviv †Zv `ycy‡i wKQzUv Nywg‡q wb‡jb, wKš‘ hv‡`i †bB Zv‡`i Rb¨ civgk© n‡jv, Nygv‡bvi iæwU‡b wKQzUv cwieZ©b K‡i wbb| †Ljvi Kgc‡ÿ Qq NÈv Av‡M mܨviv‡Zi w`‡K ï‡q co–b| cÖ_g cÖ_g Nyg Avm‡Z PvB‡e bv wKš‘ `y-GK w`‡bB †`L‡eb A‡f¨m n‡q hv‡”Q| mvDÛ w¯øc bv n‡jI jvBU Ad K‡i


ivZRvMv‡`i Rb¨ AšÍZ †PvL eÜ K‡i ï‡q _vKzb| G‡Z Avcbvi kixi A‡bKUvB wekÖvg cv‡e| cwieZ©b Avbyb Lv`¨vf¨v‡m| ivZ RvMvi gRvUv cy‡ivcywi Dc‡fvM Kivi Rb¨ Avgiv cÖPzi PvbvPzi, wPcm, dv÷dzW RvZxq Lvevi ivwL cQ‡›`i ZvwjKvq| †h¸‡jv‡Z kix‡ii ÿwZ †Zv nqB, cvkvcvwk K¬vwšÍI †e‡o hvq eû¸Y| Ggwb‡ZB wPwKrmKiv e‡j _v‡Kb, GB Mi‡g my¯’ _vK‡Z n‡j Avcbvi mvaviY Lv`¨ZvwjKv †_‡KI †ei n‡q Avm‡Z n‡e| †L‡Z n‡e cÖPzi cvwbRvZxq Lv`¨| iv‡Z hv-B Lvb bv †Kb, Zvi Kgc‡ÿ wظY cwigvY cvwb cvb Kiæb| cvkvcvwk VvÛv `ya, wPwb-†jeyi kieZ, Wv‡ei cvwb, `B‡qi †Nvj wKsev GRvZxq cvbxq ivLyb Lv`¨ZvwjKvq| ciw`b Awd‡m ev evB‡i hvIqvi mgq m‡½ ivLyb Møy‡KvR cvwb| hLbB K¬všÍ jvM‡e, GK Møvm †L‡q wb‡j wKQzUv ZiZvRv g‡b n‡e wb‡R‡K| cvkvcvwk w`bfi LvwbK weiwZ‡Z Lv‡eb imv‡jv dj| †h¸‡jv †_‡K cÖPzi cwigvY cvwb cvIqv hvq| †hgb ZigyR, evw½, Wve, kmv, †cu‡c, †jey, gvëv, †e`vbv BZ¨vw`| cvwbi cvkvcvwk Gme d‡j wfUvwgb wm, wR¼, A¨vw›U-Aw·‡W›U, †dv‡jU _vKvi d‡j G¸‡jv Avgv‡`i kvixwiK mRxeZv iÿvq `viæY KvR K‡i| h‡Zv ivZ RvMv †nvK bv †Kb, ciw`b †fv‡i Nywg‡q bv †_‡K eis †fv‡ii evZv‡m RwMs K‡i ev nvjKv e¨vqvg Ki‡j Zv iv‡Zi K¬vwšÍ KvUv‡Z mnvqZv Ki‡e| wb‡R‡K SiS‡i g‡b n‡e| wd‡i G‡m bvkZvi m‡½ Lv‡eb GK evwU UK`B| UK`B‡qi Kv‡e©vnvB‡WªU GbvwR© mieivn K‡i, †cÖvwUb I wR¼ wUmy¨ weìAvc K‡i| fvRv‡cvovi †P‡q w÷gW Lvei¸‡jv †h Avcbvi kixi‡K D¾xweZ ivL‡e, cyi‡bv GB K_v wbðqB bZzb K‡i Avi ej‡Z n‡e bv| G †Zv †Mj Lv`¨vf¨vm| Gevi Z¡K| wbN©yg ivZ Z¡K †_‡K mRxeZv †K‡o †bq| wb‡¯ÍR gyLZ¡‡K †gKAvcI †Kv‡bv KvR K‡i bv| ZvB cÖ‡qvRb c‡o we‡kl PP©vi| †fv‡i cÖPzi cwigvY cvwb e¨envi K‡i Z¡K cwi®‹vi Kiæb| Kgc‡ÿ `yevi †Mvmj KivUv Riæwi| VvÛv cvwb‡Z †Mvm‡ji mgq wgwk‡q wb‡Z cv‡ib cQ›`mB †d¬fv‡ii G‡mbwkqvj A‡qj| gv_v I Nvo nvjKv g¨vmvR K‡i wb‡j fv‡jv nq| cvkvcvwk wb‡Z cv‡ib mëev_| jeY

†gkv‡bv cvwbi †Mvmj kixi‡K SiS‡i K‡i †Zv‡j| Z‡e †Pv‡Li wb‡P Kvwj Ges †Pnviv Lye †ewk K¬všÍ n‡q †M‡j wb‡Pi c¨vK `ywU e¨envi Kiæb| gay-†jey†MvjvcR‡ji m‡½ nvjKv Mig cvwb wgwk‡q wbb Ges †Pv‡Li wb‡P Kv‡jv `vM cov As‡k jvMvb| wbqwgZ e¨envi Ki‡j K¬vwšÍi †mB wPý _vK‡e bv| †PvLgy‡Li †dvjv fve Kgv‡Z `B I kmvi im GKm‡½ wgwk‡q mviv gy‡L jvwM‡q ivLyb| c‡b‡iv wgwbU ci ay‡q †djyb| A‡bK ZiZvRv jvM‡e| A_ev kmvi i‡m cvwb I Kc~©i wgwk‡q wd«‡R †i‡L w`b| kxZj Ae¯’vq G wgkÖ‡Y KUb wfwR‡q gy‡Li Dci †i‡L VvÛv cvwbi fvc wbb| w`‡b hLbB mgq cv‡eb, `yB †PvL ey‡R wekÖvg †bqvi †Póv Kiæb| G mgq h‡Zv nvjKv †gKAvc Kiv hvq, Z‡Zv fv‡jv| G‡K †Zv ivZ RvMvi K¬vwšÍ, cvkvcvwk MigÑ `y‡Uv wgwj‡q fvix †gKAv‡c Z¡‡K eªY †_‡K ïiæ K‡i bvbv iKg i¨vk IVvi k¼v _v‡K| ZvB h‡ZvUv m¤¢e mveavb _vKvi †Póv Kiæb| evB‡i †_‡K wd‡i gyL ay‡q †Uvbv‡i †fRv‡bv Zzjv w`‡q gy‡Q wbb| †`L‡eb wKQzUv ZvRv g‡b n‡”Q wb‡R‡K| wWc wK¬bwRs Riæwi| wK¬bRvi Z¡‡Ki Mfx‡i wM‡q ay‡jv-gqjv evwm †gKAvcÑ mewKQz cwi®‹vi K‡i| evievi VvÛv cvwbi SvcUvq gyL ay‡q †dj‡jI Zv wK¬bRv‡ii KvR Ki‡e| ZvB hLbB my‡hvM cv‡eb Z¡‡K cvwb e¨envi Kiæb| †Ljv †`Lvi D‡ËRbv I Mig `y‡Uv wgwj‡q hv‡`i eqm GKUz †ewk, Zv‡`i †÷ªvK nIqvi k¼v †ewk| †Ljvq nviwRZ n‡eB, †mwU wbðqB Rxe‡bi †_‡K eo wKQz bq| ZvB Ah_v D‡ËwRZ bv n‡q kvšÍ ivLyb wb‡R‡K| Zvi ciI G ai‡bi mgm¨v †`Lv w`‡j cÖ_‡gB gy‡L, Mjvq I Nv‡o cvwb w`b| Ges m‡½ m‡½ †jey, wPwb I cvwb w`‡q kieZ ˆZwi K‡i GKUz ci ci †L‡Z _vKzb| Wv³vi †cuŠQv‡bvi Av‡M µgvMZ G iKg Ki‡jB Lvivc wKQz NUvi Avk¼v _vK‡e bv|

K¨vbfvm 63

g‡Wj: kÖvebx †gKIfvi: cvi‡mvbv Qwe: K¨vbfvm


eªvwRj evB IwcAvB eªvwR‡ji UªwcK¨vj dj, dzj Avi m~h©Zß mgy`ªZx‡ii me KwU i‡O fwi‡q †Zvjvi †Póv n‡q‡Q †bBjcwj‡ki †evZj| weL¨vZ eª¨vÛ IwcAvB Gev‡ii wek¦Kvc dzUej Dcj‡ÿ evRv‡i G‡b‡Q Zv‡`i bZzb †bBj Kvjv‡ii Kv‡jKkb, eªvwRj evB IwcAvB| Mvp D¾¡j †_‡K by¨W i‡Oi 12wU ¯^Zš¿ †k‡Wi Dcw¯’wZ _vK‡Q Kv‡jKkbwU‡Z; hv wbwg‡lB ˆZwi Ki‡e eªvwRwjqvb Kvwb©fvj jyK|

†K¬wib‡mi Kvjvim Ae eªvwRj

weDwU e·

wek¦Kvc D`&hvc‡b wcwQ‡q †bB weDwU eª¨vÛ †K¬wibmI| m¤úªwZ evRv‡i G‡m‡Q Zv‡`i wjwg‡UW GwWk‡bi AvB †gKAvc c¨v‡jU| wgbv‡ij wcM‡g‡›UW PviwU g¨vU I m¨vwUb AvBk¨v‡Wv Ges GKwU iqvj eøy wµwg †UKðvi AvBjvBbv‡ii GB c¨v‡jU eªvwRwjqvb mvjwUª AvB jyK ˆZwi‡Z Abe`¨| `vg 42 Wjvi|

wiI ivk Kv‡jKkb evB †ifjb GwU G‡m‡Q †j‡U÷ †UªÛ Ges eªvwRwjqvb †evì A¨vÛ eªvBU Kvjv‡ii mgwš^Z †cÖiYv †_‡K| GB `y‡qi wg‡k‡j GeviKvi wek¦Kvc D`&hvcb Ki‡Q weDwU eª¨vÛ †ifjb| G‡b‡Q Zv‡`i bZzb Kv‡jKkb wiI ivk| G‡Z _vK‡Q D¾¡j iOv AvBk¨v‡Wv c¨v‡jU, †bBj Gbv‡gj, wjcw÷K, wµwg †Rj jvBbvi Ges w¯‹b jvBUm|

jÕwi‡q‡ji cÖ‡dkbvj †nqvi PK Pz‡j dzwU‡q Zzjyb wcÖq dzUej `‡ji cZvKvi iO| jÕwi‡q‡ji cÖ‡dkbvj †nqvi PK w`‡q| wcsK, fv‡qv‡jU, †Kvivj, †eªvÄmn AvUwU fvBeª¨v›U †k‡W cvIqv hv‡”Q GB PK¸‡jv| mn‡R e¨envi‡hvM¨ GB †nqvi PK wbwg‡lB ivwO‡q Zzj‡e Avcbvi Pzj| †`‡e †dw÷f jyK| 50 wgwji GKwU P‡Ki `vg 16 Wjvi|


wdPvi

eªvwR‡ji wfmvi Rb¨ mevB DZjv n‡q †Mj bvwK| Rvcvwb‡`i KL‡bv wfmv wb‡Z †eM †c‡Z nq, Zv Avwg RvbZvg bv| wKš‘ Gevi KvD›Uv‡i †`LwQ wfbœ GK wPÎ| †ek AevK jvMwQj| bv, Avwg wek¦Kvc †`L‡Z hvw”Q bv; Z‡e hvw”Q wek¦Kv‡ci †`‡k, AvšÍR©vwZK Kbdv‡i‡Ý †ccvi co‡Z| wek¦Kv‡ci Av‡M †mLv‡b hvw”Q Ges Avmi ïiæi Av‡MB wd‡i AvmwQ; Zey †ek fv‡jv jvM‡Q| †gi cÖ_g mßv‡n wQj Avgvi mdi| wek¦Kv‡ci Av‡Mi gvm, ZvB †f‡ewQjvg kni wbðqB Lye my›`i K‡i mvRv‡bv n‡”Q| mewKQz †`Lvi Rb¨ Avwg Aw¯’i| hv †nvK, Avgvi wfmv †c‡Z †Kv‡bv †eM †c‡Z nqwb| Rxe‡b cÖ_g hvw”Q `wÿY Av‡gwiKvq| ZvI Avevi Ggb GKUv †`‡k cÖ_gevi hvw”Q, †hLv‡b Avwg wd‡i Avmvi ciciB wek¦Kvc ïiæ n‡e| †Kv‡bv w`b wek¦Kv‡ci gvV KvQ †_‡K †`wLwb| Gevi †`Lvi my‡hvM cv‡ev e‡j †ek GKUv †ivgv n‡”Q| eªvwRj A‡bK `~i Rvcvb †_‡K| wegv‡b cÖ_‡g Av‡gwiKv, Zvici eªvwRj| ïay AvKv‡kB D‡o _vwK 24 NÈv Ges m‡½ AviI 24 NÈvi UªvbwRU| †gvU 48 NÈv| j¤^v d¬vBU Ges j¤^v UªvbwRU †k‡l †cøb j¨vÛ K‡i eªvwR‡ji mvI cvI‡jv‡Z| Avgvi Gevi wZbUv kn‡i hvevi K_v| mvI cvI‡jv, RvI †c‡mvqv Ges eªvwmwjqv, eªvwR‡ji ivRavbx| Avgv‡K wb‡Z Avm‡e †nbwiK| Avgvi eÜzi eÜz| G kni, G gnv‡`kÑ meB Avgvi A‡Pbv,

ZeyI mvR‡Q †c‡mvqvv

eªvwR‡j wek¦Kv‡ci Av‡M `ywbqvKuvcv‡bv dzUej Avm‡ii cÖ¯‘wZce©| iv¯Ívq ZviKvi Qwe †hgb Av‡Q, Av‡Q ÿzä gvby‡li nZvkv DMiv‡bv we‡ÿvf| Uzb©v‡g›U ïiæi Av‡M wZb kni †Nvivi AwfÁZv eY©bv w`‡”Qb Zvwbqv †nv‡mb


ARvbv| GKUz fq, GKUz wØav wb‡q Gqvi‡cvU© †_‡K †ei nB| D‡ËRbv Avi wØav wb‡q †ewi‡qB †`wL †nbwiK| Avgvi A‡cÿvq| †`‡LB Awfb›`b Rvbvq| Mvwo‡Z K‡i wb‡q P‡j †nv‡U‡ji D‡Ï‡k| eªvwR‡ji c‡_ ïay Mvwo Avi Mvwo| wKQzB †hb †bB G Qvov| wZbUv kn‡i Ny‡i Avgvi g‡b n‡q‡Q, eªvwRj wek¦Kv‡ci Rb¨ ˆZwi bq| KviY, †m †`‡k †KD Bs‡iwR Rv‡b bv| we‡`wk‡`i PjvPj A‡bK eo iK‡gi mgm¨vi e¨vcvi| G Qvov i‡q‡Q wbivcËvi mgm¨v| †`kwU ch©UK‡`i GKv PjvP‡ji Rb¨ wbivc` bq| Avgiv wKQz`~i †h‡ZB †`wL, evsjv‡`‡ki g‡Zv we‡ÿvf Pj‡Q| Avgvi †KŠZ‚n‡j †nbwiK Rvbvq, eªvwR‡ji RbMY wek¦Kv‡ci weiæ‡× Av‡›`vjb Ki‡Q| eªvwR‡j abx I Mwi‡ei g‡a¨ A‡bK e¨eavb| mgm¨v A‡bK †mLv‡b| A_©‰bwZK I wkÿvMZ mgm¨v Gi g‡a¨ me©v‡MÖ| wek¦Kv‡ci Rb¨ GZ A_© LiP †nvK, Zv Zviv Pvq bv| wek¦Kv‡ci Av‡qvRb eªvwR‡ji gvbyl Pvq bvÑ †ek AevK nB| wek¦-dzUe‡j eªvwRj we‡kl RvqMv `Lj K‡i Av‡Q| 1950 mv‡ji ci wØZxqev‡ii g‡Zv wek¦Kvc Av‡qvRb Ki‡Z hv‡”Q Zviv| G Rb¨ AšÍZ 12 wgwjqb gvwK©b Wjvi LiP Ki‡Q Ges †m Kvi‡YB Gi weiæ‡× Av‡›`vjb Pj‡Q| Z‡e miKvi kni mvRv‡bvi me cwiKíbv †kl K‡i †d‡j‡Q Ges iv¯ÍvNvU mvRv‡bv ïiæ K‡i‡Q|

mvI cvI‡jvi GKwU †`vKv‡b my¨‡fwbi Rvwm© nv‡Z †jLK

wek¦Kvc Av‡qvR‡bi weiæ‡× DËvj mvI cvI‡jv: AcÖZzj ¯^v¯’¨‡mevi weiæ‡× cÖZxwK cÖwZev` I weÿzä RbZv

c‡_ c‡_ i‡q‡Q †L‡jvqvo‡`i Qwe| Avwg †ek K‡qKevi Qwe †Zvjvi †Póv K‡iwQ| KL‡bv †c‡iwQ, KL‡bv cvwiwb| kni¸‡jv Av‡¯Í Av‡¯Í †h †m‡R DV‡Q Zv g‡b n‡q‡Q| Z‡e Avgvi aviYv, eªvwR‡j wek¦Kvc n‡j Zv †`kwUi Kv‡R jvM‡e| KviY, G‡Z RbMY Bs‡iwR fvlvi ¸iæZ¡ eyS‡e Ges GKB m‡½ we‡k¦i bvbvb †`‡ki gvby‡li bvbvb ms¯‹… wZI Rvb‡Z cvi‡e| c„w_exi A‡bK †`k †_‡KB †ek `~‡i e‡j A‡b‡KB eªvwR‡j hvIqvi my‡hvM cvq bv| Ab¨w`‡K, eªvwRwjqvbiv A‡bK †`‡ki gvby‡li m‡½ wgk‡Z cv‡i bv| G wek¦Kvc †mB my‡hvM K‡i †`‡e| A‡bK bZzb A_©‰bwZK my‡hvM ˆZwi n‡e †hgbÑ †nv‡Uj e¨emv, ch©Ub, Abyev`‡Ki KvR, Lv`¨ BZ¨vw`| wek¦Kv‡ci wKQz Lvivc w`KI Av‡Q| †hgb †nbwiK Avgv‡K Rvbvq, wKQz †g‡q‡K cÖwkÿY †`Iqv n‡”Q AwZw_‡`i cÖ‡gv`m½x nevi Rb¨| G Rb¨ wKQz †Kv¤úvwbI ˆZwi n‡q‡Q| hv †nvK, wek¦Kvc †`kwU‡K mviv we‡k¦i †K‡›`ª wb‡q Avm‡e| G‡Z GKiKg eª¨vwÛsI n‡e| Qwe: †jLK I msMÖn

K¨vbfvm 69


Kiv gvsm| Avi †h †i‡÷vi¨v‡›U Pziv‡¯‹v ivbœv nq, Zv‡K ejv nq Pziv¯‹vwiqv| †ek eo cvwK©s jU Qvwo‡q eªvwRj Pziv‡¯‹vi jvj-iOv `vjvb| †fZ‡i wi‡mckb Qvwo‡qB ïiæ n‡q‡Q WvBwbs| eo MÖæ‡ci Rb¨ `ywU †Uwej mvRv‡bv GLv‡b| †mLv‡b wM‡q em‡ZB nvwRi n‡jv KvBwcwibv Avi mvb‡mU Bb eªvwmwjqv bv‡gi `yB gK‡Uj| KvBwcwibv eªvwR‡ji RvZxq cvbxq ej‡jI fzj nq bv| jvBg Rym, eªvDb myMvi, myMvi wmivc, µ¨vkW AvBm Avi _v‡K ivg| Z‡e GLv‡b ivg wQj bvÑ KviY, evsjv‡`‡ki GB Pziv¯‹vwiqv bb-A¨vj‡KvnwjK| mvb‡mU Bb eªvwmwjqvÑ gK‡Uj wmivc, A‡iÄ Rym Avi †jg‡b‡Wi wgkÖY| KvBwcwibv Avi eªvwR‡ji m~h©v‡¯Í PzgyK w`‡Z w`‡ZB cy‡iv †i‡÷vi¨v›U Ny‡i †`Lv n‡jv| Av‡jv-Sjg‡j MÖæc WvBb †Q‡o LvwbKUv Av‡jvAuvavwi‡Z ey‡d †Rvb| GLv‡bI K‡qKwU †Uwej cvZv| m½ †`qvi Rb¨ †`qv‡j i‡q‡Q jvwZb my›`ixiv| †mUv †Q‡o Av‡iKUz G‡Mv‡j evi| GLv‡bB ˆZwi nq gK‡Uj¸‡jv| ev‡ii †Uwe‡ji mvg‡bB i‡q‡Q K‡qKwU †Pqvi| GLv‡b e‡m KvBwcwibv ev AvgvR‡b‡Wi Møv‡m PzgyK w`‡q wUwf‡Z Dc‡fvM Ki‡Z cv‡ib eªvwR‡ji Uªv‡fj †Ww÷‡bkb¸‡jvi eY©bv| GB As‡k e‡mI ¯^v` wb‡Z cv‡ib Pziv‡¯‹vi| G RvqMvq cy‡ivUvB Kv‡P †Niv| †i‡÷vi¨v‡›Ui GB Ask †cwi‡q, PvB‡j evB‡i cÖK…wZi gv‡S e‡mI †WRvU© ev wWªsKm Pziv‡¯‹v| Ab¨ GK imbvRMr| XvKvq bZzb Ges GKgvÎ| wb‡Z cv‡ib| Z‡e GLv‡b Ab¨ †Kv‡bv wKš‘ ˆewP‡Î¨ fiv| †m †`‡ki ms¯‹…wZi g‡ZvB Lvevi mvf© Kiv nq bv| ey‡d iæ‡gi wVK Ab¨ cv‡kB cwievi ev eÜzevÜe wb‡q emvi e¨e¯’v i‡q‡Q| GKm‡½ †i‡÷vi¨v‡›U 100 R‡biI †ewk †fvRbiwm‡Ki emvi e¨e¯’v i‡q‡Q| †Lvjv _v‡K mܨv †_‡Z ga¨ivZ ch©šÍ| eªvwRj Pziv‡¯‹v g~jZ wm½vcyiwfwËK †PBb| evsjv‡`‡k Gi hvÎv ïiæ n‡q‡Q G eQ‡iiB †deªæqvwi‡Z| Pziv‡¯‹v ïay ivbœvi cÖYvwjB bq, eªvwR‡j Gi A_© Ab¨ GK jvBd÷vBjÑ GK Ab¨ AvU© Ae Kzwjbvwi| eªvwR‡ji gvby‡liv nv‡Z KvBwcwibv wb‡q NÈvi ci NÈv AvÇv †`q GB Pziv¯‹vwiqv¸‡jv‡Z| m‡½ Pj‡Z _v‡K †ivwWwRI A_©vr Avbwjwg‡UW wgU mvwf©m| †Uwe‡j cÖ_‡gB m¨vjvW w`‡q ïiæ Ki‡Z cv‡ib LvIqv| eªvwRj Pziv‡¯‹v‡Z m¨vjv‡Wi ZvwjKv †ek j¤^vÑ cÖvq 20 c‡`i nU Gb ¯úvBwm Avi †Kvì m¨vjvW i‡q‡Q GLv‡b| Avi Av‡Q †m †`‡ki RvZxq Lvevi wd‡Rvqv`vÑ eø¨vKweb Avi Miæi gvs‡mi ÷z| hw`I eªvwR‡j Miæi gvs‡mi m‡½ Av‡iKUv wbwl× gvsm †`Iqv nq! evsjv‡`‡k Zv eR©b Kiv n‡q‡Q †Kej GLvbKvi ag©xq ms¯‹… wZ‡K kÖ×v Rvbv‡ZB| Avi Av‡Q A¨v‡ivR B wdRvIÑ web Avi ivB‡mi wgkÖY| G KÕUv wRwbm ey‡d mv‡K©j †_‡KB msMÖn K‡i wb‡Z n‡e Avcbv‡K|

imbvwejvm

eªvwRj gv‡bB dzUej, Kwd, mv¤^v| AvgvR‡bi †Nvjv Rjivwk †Nu‡l †R‡M _vKv Mwnb AiY¨| Gi evB‡i eªvwRj mgxn cvq Zvi Lvev‡ii ˆewP‡Î¨i myev‡`| BD‡ivc, Av‡gwiKv, Avwd«Kv Avi ¯’vbxq Avw`evmxÑ mevi ms¯‹…wZi mw¤§j‡b †h ˆewPΨ enb Ki‡Q †`kwU, Zvi cÖfve Lvev‡i †Zv co‡eB! Avi †mB Lvev‡ii †jv‡fB Gev‡ii MšÍe¨ XvKvi GKgvÎ eªvwRwjqvb †i‡÷vi¨v›UÑ eªvwRj Pziv‡¯‹v| Z‡e Pziv‡¯‹v RM‡Z Xuz gvivi Av‡MB LvwbKUv Ny‡i Avm‡Z n‡e †lvok kZ‡Ki eªvwR‡j| cZz©wMR‡`i nvZ a‡i †Nvovq Po‡Z †kLv ZrKvjxb eªvwRjevmx ïiæ Ki‡jv cï cvjb| A¸bwZ Mevw`cï wb‡q i¨v ˆZwi n‡jv †m †`‡ki `wÿ‡Y, wiI MÖv‡›` †`v myj cÖ‡`‡k| †mB i¨vÂviiv cwiwPZ n‡jv MvD‡Pv bv‡g| jvwZb Av‡gwiKvi KvDeq Zviv| GB jvwZb KvDeq‡`i nvZ a‡i ˆZwi n‡jv ivbœvi bZzb ZwiKvÑ Pziv‡¯‹v| KvV ev Kqjvi Av¸‡b ivbœv

GK UzK‡iv eªvwRj

K¨vbfvm 70


KviY, Gi ciB `„k¨c‡U Avm‡eb c¨vmvWi| nv‡Z w¯‹Dqvi Avi Qzwi| w¯‹Dqv‡i mvRv‡bv gvsm †_‡K aviv‡jv Qzwi w`‡q †K‡U †K‡U Avcbvi cv‡Z mvf© Kiv n‡e Mig Mig gvsm| hZÿY Lywk †L‡Z cv‡ib, hZ LywkÑ GUvB Pziv¯‹vwiqvi ixwZ| Z‡e gyL eÜ K‡i †L‡q hvIqvUvB eªvwRjxq ixwZ| ZvB mvg‡b meyR, njy` Avi jvj iOv KvW© _v‡K| c¨vmvWi †d«kwj KzKW wgU wb‡q Nyi‡Z _ vK‡j Avcbvi cÖ‡qvRbg‡Zv KvW© w`‡q Bkviv Ki‡Z cv‡ib Zv‡K| K_v ejv eviY, KviY Avcbvi g‡Zv AviI A‡b‡KB Mig gvs‡mi ¯^v` wb‡Z e¨vKzj n‡q e‡m Av‡Qb Ab¨ †Uwe‡j| meyR KvW© gv‡bÑ Avcbvi AviI PvB, njy` A‡cÿvi Rb¨ Avi jvjÑ Avcbvi cÖ‡qvRb †k‡li ms‡KZ| Qwe †Zvjv Avi K_v ejvi ce© †kl K‡i Gevi Lvevi †P‡L †`Lvi cvjv| cÖ_‡gB ey‡d ey_ †_‡K m¨vjvW wb‡q emv n‡jv †i‡÷vi¨v‡›Ui GK wbwiwewj cÖv‡šÍ| †ivR‡gwi evUvUv (†ivR‡gwi Avi Avjy), wd‡Rvqv`v, wb‡KvBR ÷vBj Uzbv m¨vjvW, †d«k U‡g‡Uv mvjmv w`‡q LvIqv ïiæi ciciB nvwRi n‡jb c¨vmvWi| nv‡Z Zievwii g‡Zv w¯‹Dqvi Avi wekvj Qzwi| w¯‹Dqv‡i Szj‡Q Mig †cB‡Zv w` d«¨v‡½v A_©vr wP‡Kb †eª÷| Gici G‡K G‡K nvwRi n‡jv †cÖmy‡šÍv Kv‡b© (wed n¨vg), wd‡j wgM‡bvb (wed †UÛvijBb †÷K), wcKvqv ev (wed UcmvBW), Kv‡b© †Kv÷vjv (wed wiem), †Kv·v †` d«¨v‡½v (wP‡Kb _vB)| m‡½ A¨vevKvw· †MÖBqv‡`v A_v©r wMÖì cvBbA¨vcj| Mig Mig cÖwZwUi ¯^v`B AmvaviY| nve© Avi ¯úvB‡mi e¨envi cwiwgZ, ZvB wed, wP‡K‡b †mB gvs‡mi ¯^v`UvB gyL¨ n‡q _v‡KÑ nve©m Avi ¯úvBm bq| gy‡L w`‡ZB cvi‡d±wj wMÖjW, †¯§vwK †d¬fviÑ ZvI †mUv †MŠY gvs‡mi ¯^v‡`i Kv‡Q| gvs‡mi m‡½ gv‡S gv‡SB gy‡L DVwQj m¨vjvW Avi †mB A¨vevKvw· †MÖBqv‡`v| wPwb w`‡q †cvov‡bv AvbvimÑ AmvaviY! eªvwRjxqiv gvs‡mi m‡½ GUv Lvq cwicvKZ‡š¿i my¯’Zvi Rb¨B! †c‡U Avi RvqMv †bB, ZvB gay‡iY mgvc‡qr n‡jv bv| Z‡e Rvbv †Mj, GLvbKvi wPR †KK AmvaviY| nq‡Zv ZvB AviI GKevi Xzu gvi‡Z n‡e GLv‡b! wPR †KK †Zv †mªd evnvbv! wVKvbv: evwo 2, moK 90, ¸jkvb 2, XvKv 1212| †dvb: 01977272945| y

†jLv I Qwe: Avj gviæd iv‡mj

K¨vbfvm 71


WwgwbK M‡gR

c‡`i ga¨gvV

eªvwR‡ji gvV hLb dzUejvi‡`i `vc‡U †Z‡Z DV‡e, ZLb Avcbvi cv‡ZI hw` _v‡K †mLvbKvi RbwcÖq I nU wKQz wWk, †Kgb nq? †Ljv Dc‡fv‡Mi m‡½ wbðqB †m¸‡jvi ¯^v` Avb›` evwo‡q †`‡e eû¸‡Y| hvi nv‡Zi Rv`y †_‡K GB my¯^v`y Lvevi G‡m‡Q, wZwb †mvbviMuvI †nv‡U‡ji Gw·wKDwUf my †kd WwgwbK M‡gR| Qwe Zz‡j‡Qb gZz©Rv Avjg

†nu‡kjm~Î

4


wKK Ad wP‡Kb m¨vjvW

DcKiY: gyiwMi nvo I Pvgov Qvov‡bv ey‡Ki gvs‡mi UzK‡iv Avav Kvc, 2wU MvR‡ii KzwP, fzÆv Avav Kvc, †m× Kiv VvÛv gUiïuwU Avav Kvc, meyR Av‡cjKzwP I wKDe Avav Kvc, wKkwgk 1/3 Kvc, a‡bcvZvKzwP 2 †Uwej-PvgP, 1wU †cuqvRKzwP, †g‡qv‡bR Avav Kvc, UK`B Avav Kvc, wc‡Kj c‡U‡Uv Avav Kvc, †m× wWg GKwU Ges †MvjgwiP I jeY cwigvYg‡Zv| cÖYvwj: eo GKwU cv‡Î gvsm, MvRiKzwP, fzÆv, gUiïuwU, Av‡cj, wKkwgk, a‡bcvZv I †cuqvRKzwP wb‡Z n‡e| Gici Kv‡Vi PvgP w`‡q me KwU DcKiY fv‡jvfv‡e †gkv‡Z n‡e| Gevi Avjyi UzK‡iv w`‡q AveviI gvwL‡q †g‡qv‡bR Ges †mvi wµg w`‡q fv‡jvfv‡e bv †gkv ch©šÍ gvLv‡Z n‡e| me‡k‡l w`‡Z n‡e †MvjgwiP I jeY| Gevi eo GKwU †cø‡U †jUzm cvZv, wWg I U‡g‡Uv w`‡q mvwR‡q cwi‡ekb Kiæb|

AdmvBW ÷vBj wed †÷ªv‡Mbd

DcKiY: gvLb 40 MÖvg, Miæi gvs‡mi †QvU UzKiv (wmRb ¯øvBmW) 400 MÖvg, gvSvwi AvKv‡ii KvUv †cuqvR 50 MÖvg, gvkiæg ¯øvBm 100 MÖvg, mqv mm 5 †Uwej-PvgP, KwbqvK 1 AvDÝ, U¨vej wµg 50 MÖvg, U‡g‡Uv †KPAvc 4 †Uwej-PvgP, gv÷vW© 3 †Uwej-PvgP Ges cwigvYg‡Zv jeY, †MvjgwiP I gq`v| cÖYvwj: gvsm cwigvYg‡Zv gq`v, jeY, gv÷vW© I gwiP w`‡q gvLv‡Z n‡e| Zvici Mig c¨v‡b gvLb cÖ‡qvRbxq Zv‡c fvRvi ci Av‡iKwU eo cv‡Î gvLb w`‡q †cuqvR¸‡jv fvR‡Z n‡e| Gici gvkiæg I gvsm¸‡jv Zv‡Z †Q‡o w`‡q 5 wgwbU ivbœv Ki‡Z n‡e| Gevi mqv mm I KwbqvK w`‡q Sj‡m wb‡Z n‡e| GKwU cv‡Î U¨vej wµg, U‡g‡Uv †KPAvc, gv÷vW©, jeY, †MvjgwiP I wµg ¸wj‡q †m¸‡jv gvsm I gvkiæ‡g †X‡j 5 †_‡K 8 wgwbU gvSvwi Auv‡P Mig Ki‡Z n‡e| A_©vr hZÿY ch©šÍ bv mm Nb nq| Gici ÷vBj wed †÷ªv‡Mbd cwi‡ekb Ki‡Z n‡e fvZ I mvjv‡`i m‡½|


†cbvwë †iv÷ wed m¨vÛDBP

DcKiY: µvw÷ cZ©zwMR †ivj 6 Bw AvKv‡ii 1wU, Miæi gvs‡mi †iv÷ ¯øvBm Pvi UzKiv, U‡g‡Uv ¯øvBm 3wU, wc‡Kj kmv 6 UzKiv, †gvRv‡ijv wPR 2 wcm| cÖYvwj: cÖ_‡g †ivjwU‡K †K‡U `yB UzKiv Ki‡Z n‡e| cÖwZwU UzKivq gvLb w`‡q h_vµ‡g gvs‡mi ¯øvBm, U‡g‡Uv, wc‡Kj kmv w`‡q mevi Dc‡i †gvRv‡ijv wPR w`‡Z n‡e| Gici †ewKs †Uª‡Z wb‡q †eK Ki‡Z n‡e, hZÿY ch©šÍ bv wPR M‡j hvq| Zvici †iv÷ wed m¨vÛDBP I‡fb †_‡K bvwg‡q Mig Mig cwi‡ekb Ki‡Z n‡e| cwi‡ek‡bi Av‡M cvÎwU mvwR‡q wb‡Z cv‡ib †jUzm cvZv I U‡g‡Uv w`‡q|

wd« wKK wkÖ¤ú ÷z

DcKiY: †Lvmv Qvov‡bv wPswo 500 MÖvg, Awjf A‡qj 20 MÖvg, †cuqvRKzwP 50 MÖvg, 1wU imybKzwP, †iv‡÷W †iW wccvi 1/4 Kvc, a‡bcvZvKzwP 1/4 Kvc, U‡g‡UvKzwP 50 MÖvg, KuvPv gwiP 2wU, bvi‡Kj `ya 1 Kvc, wmivPv mm 2 †Uwej-PvgP, †jeyi im 2 †Uwej-PvgP| cÖYvwj: GKwU gvSvwi AvKv‡ii mmc¨v‡b Awjf A‡qj Mig K‡i †cuqvRKzwP †Q‡o w`‡Z n‡e| Zvici Gi m‡½ imyb, gwiP wgwj‡q wKQzÿY Kwl‡q wb‡Z n‡e| Gevi U‡g‡Uv, wPswo I a‡bcvZv w`‡q nvjKv Auv‡P ivbœv Ki‡Z n‡e, hZÿY ch©šÍ bv wPswo¸‡jv ev`vwg AvKvi aviY K‡i| Gevi bvi‡Kj `ya Ges wmivPv mm †X‡j wKQzÿY Mig Ki‡Z n‡e| Zvici †jeyi im, jeY I KuvPv gwiP †gkv‡Z n‡e| evwU‡Z wb‡q a‡bcvZv w`‡q mvwR‡q Mig Mig cwi‡ekb Ki‡Z n‡e| K…ZÁZv: c¨vb c¨vwmwdK †mvbviMuvI †nv‡Uj


QzwUiNÈv

Kx †bB GB kn‡i! Av‡Q mv`v evwji †iv‡`jv †KvcvKvevbv ˆmKZ, meyR eb, Av‡Q mv¤^vi Zv‡j Rxeb‡K Dc‡fv‡Mi gw`i AvnŸvb| we‡klZ we‡k¦i me‡P‡q RgKv‡jv Kvwb©fv‡ji K_v †Zv ejvi A‡cÿv iv‡L bv| Gm‡ei mwPÎ eY©bv D‡V G‡m‡Q Zv‡iK AYyi eqv‡b

K¨vbfvm 78

ˆmKZ‡cÖgx, m~h©¯œvbcvMj wewKwb cwiwnZv‡`i Rb¨ †KvcvKvevbv we‡k¦i m¤¢eZ me‡P‡q wPËvKl©K ˆmKZ| mybxj m‡db mgy`ª, meyR cvnvo, mv`v evwj, SKS‡K gnvbMix, gvqvex cvbkvjv, D`vË m½xZ, Rv`ygq b„Z¨Ñ me wgwj‡q GK ch©Ubm¤§Z Aven GLv‡b eûw`‡bi| Zv‡Z bZzb cÖ‡jc eywj‡q‡Q G eQ‡ii wek¦Kvc dzUej Ges 2016-Gi Awjw¤úK| mevB †hb cvMj n‡q QzU‡Q wiIi w`‡K| †mB fzebL¨vZ †KvcvKvevbv ˆmKZ ZLb Avgv‡`i †nv‡÷j †_‡K gvÎ K‡qK k wgUvi `~‡i, wKš‘ wZb mßv‡ni weivgnxb åg‡Yi duv‡K duv‡K evievi BmvBqvm †mibv Ges ûqvb wf`v‡ji m‡½ cBcB K‡i e‡j wb‡qwQ †h wiI‡Z Avgiv cÖ_g w`b †Kej Ajm wekÖvg Ki‡ev, nq‡Zv GKUz-AvaUz †nu‡U KvBwcwiwbqvi Møvm nv‡Z ˆmK‡Z †h‡ZI cvwi mv`v evwj‡Z cv †Quvqv‡Z, Gi †ewk wKQz bq| †eRvq Mig, KvVdvUv †iv`| ZvB †nv‡÷‡ji Qvqvgq eviv›`vq QvZvi wb‡P e‡m †ek LvwbKÿY ivRv-DwRi gvi‡Z gvi‡Z KvBwcwiwbqv cvb Pj‡jv| wRwbmUv Dg`v| Av‡Li im †MwR‡q Zv‡Z cwigvYg‡Zv wPwb I †jey w`‡q Ag„‡Zi g‡Zv evwb‡q †djv n‡q‡Q| G‡KB ejv P‡j eªvwR‡ji RvZxq KK‡Uj, Avi †h hv-B ejyK, †jeyi †P‡q myMwÜ wRwbm KxB ev Av‡Q gnvwe‡k¦! †mB m‡½ GB cvbx‡qi Av‡iKUv ¸iæZ¡c~Y© w`K n‡”Q cÖPzi ei‡di KzwP| PvB‡jB Møvm †kl Kiv hv‡e bv GK †Xv‡K| iwm‡q iwm‡q, Zvwi‡q Zvwi‡q, †P‡L †P‡L cvb Ki‡Z n‡e| gy‡Q hv‡e K¬vwšÍ| †jgb MÖvm †nv‡÷‡ji L¨vwZ †`k Qvwo‡q gnv‡`k ch©šÍ we¯Í…Z| jvwZ‡bi Ab¨ †`‡kI GKvwaK ch©UK e‡jwQ‡jbÑ wiI †M‡j Aek¨B †jgb MÖv‡m †_‡Kv| cqmv Kg, ˆmK‡Zi Kv‡Q, gRv cv‡e A‡bK| †mB m‡½ ¯^xKvi Ki‡ZB n‡e, G‡`i Kg©Pvixiv AwZgvÎvq eÜzermj| Av‡R©w›Ubvi Uzwi‡÷i QovQwo| Avm‡j evsjv‡`‡k eªvwRj-Av‡R©w›Ubv ïb‡jB Avgiv kÎæfvevcbœ `yB RvwZ g‡b Kwi, hviv mviv w`b G‡K Ab¨‡K †LuvPv‡”Q dzUej wb‡q| wKš‘ ev¯Í‡e Zviv h‡_ó eÜzfvevcbœ| eªvwR‡j †hgb jv‡Lv jv‡Lv Av‡R©›UvBb †eov‡Z Av‡m, Av‡R©w›Ubvi iv¯Ív‡ZI †Zgb †`Lv n‡q‡Q A‡bK eªvwRwjqv‡bi m‡½, eis `yB RvwZB AevK n‡q‡Q ï‡b †h `~i we‡k¦i evsjv‡`k bv‡gi †`kwU cÖwZ Pvi eQi ci ci Zv‡`i cZvKvq †Q‡q hvq! `ycy‡ii †iv‡`i †ZR †g‡N LvwbKUv nvjKv nevi ci hvIqv n‡jv †KvcvKvevbv ˆmK‡Zi †jebb we‡P, K‡qK wgwb‡Ui nuvUv c_, mevi Mv‡q wdbwd‡b wmé RvZxq †cvkvK, Mi‡g hvi weKí †bB| nv‡Z m`¨ KvUv meyR Wve, Z…òv wbevi‡Y Ae¨_©| ïbjvg, Avmbœ wek¦Kvc Avi Awjw¤ú‡Ki Rb¨ GB GjvKvi mg¯Í evwoN‡ii `vg Avmgvb †f` K‡i P‡j‡Q| wgwbU wZ‡b‡Ki nuvUv c_, Zvici j¤^v GK iv¯Ív P‡j †M‡Q ˆmK‡Zi evwjKYv Avi kn‡ii BU‡K Avjv`v K‡i| †mLv‡b gvby‡li gnviY¨| Zvi gv‡SB Pj‡Q we‡bv`b I e¨emv| n‡”Q weP fwjej, n¨vÛej, m¨vÛ dzUej, bvbv ai‡bi KmiZ| Rjµxovi e¨e¯’v Av‡Q n‡iK iK‡giÑ mvwd©s, †bŠKvågY, `~‡ii Øx‡c Rvnv‡R hvIqv, IqvUvi w¯‹, GgbwK WvBwfsI| cvbxq Avi Lvev‡ii †`vKvb mvwi mvwi GK cv‡k, m‡½ QvZv, †iv`Pkgv, muvZv‡ii †cvkvK, †Zvqv‡ji wewKwKwb| PvB‡j fvov Ki‡Z cvi‡eb ï‡q-e‡m _vKvi


†Pqvi, gv_vi Dc‡i †`evi Rb¨ iO Sjg‡j QvZv| ZLb cwiKíbv n‡jv †eov‡Z hvIqv n‡e jvcv‡Z, kn‡ii Av‡iK cÖv‡šÍ| Ab¨MÖ‡ni dzUej †Ljv Uvg©wU †h †L‡jvqv‡oi Rb¨ cÖ_g e¨envi Kiv n‡qwQj wZwb eªvwR‡ji †ivbvjw`b‡nv, Zvi GK mvÿvrKvi c‡owQjvg, BD‡ivwcqvb ˆbkRxeb bvwK eªvwR‡ji ˆbkwe‡bv`‡bi Zzjbvq gnvcvb‡m| †ek wei³B n‡qwQjvg †m K_v ï‡b| wKš‘ jvcv †cŠuQv‡bvi ci eySjvg KZLvwb wVK| wekvj GjvKvRy‡o duvKv RvqMv| Gi gv‡SB wKQz iv¯Ív, Ni‡`vi, cy‡iv GjvKvUvB wWm‡Kv K¬ve wn‡m‡e e¨enƒZ n‡”Q| wgDwRK evR‡Q bvbv †KvY †_‡K, Avjv`v wW‡Ri ZË¡veav‡b, †h hvi B”Qvg‡Zv †b‡P hv‡”Q cQ›`mB m½xZ ev m½xi m‡½| GgbUv Pj‡e †fvi QqUv ev mvZUv ch©šÍ| gv‡S ¸wUKZK Lvev‡ii †`vKvb, m‡½ cvbx‡qi †Zv e‡UB| bvPvbvwPi GKch©v‡q nVvr ïwb K‡qKR‡bi Zvi¯^‡i wPrKviÑ dvBU, dvBU| †`wL Qzwi wSwjK w`‡q DVj †mvwWqvg Av‡jvq| gvivgvwi †j‡M †M‡Q `yB gyk‡Kv †Rvqv‡bi gv‡S| G‡Kev‡i nwjD‡Wi wm‡bgvi g‡Zv| Zv‡`i †Kv‡bvg‡Z Ab¨w`‡K †V‡j w`j mevB, fveLvbv GgbÑ gvivgvwi Ki‡j K‡iv, wKš‘ Avgv‡`i gRv bó KiQ †Kb evcy! Ab¨w`‡K wM‡q mviv ivZ nvZvnvwZ K‡iv, hvI| Avi †`Lv wgj‡jv A‡bK A‡bK Uªv݇m·yqv‡ji, Av‡MB ï‡bwQjvg wiI‡Z Zv‡`i Dcw¯’wZi msL¨v mviv we‡k¦ me‡P‡q †ewk| mevB †h GLvbKvi Zv bq| Ges G‡`i A‡b‡K cÖZviYvi wkKvi n‡q, †KDev Rxebhy‡× †eu‡P _vKvi ZvwM‡` Avw`gZg †ckvq wb‡qvwRZ nevi Rb¨ Acv‡ikb †Uwej Avi ni‡gvb wc‡ji Kv‡Q mu‡c w`‡q‡Q| Zv‡`i KwgDwbwU wekvj GLv‡b| mܨvi ci bvbv ai‡bi L‡Ïi‡`i Avbv‡MvbvI ïiæ nq GLv‡b| eªvwRwjqvb‡`i †h †Kb we‡k¦i me‡P‡q cvwU©cvMj RvwZ ejv nq, Zv ey‡S hv‡eb wiI‡Z GK ivZ KvUv‡jB| †fvi QqUv ch©šÍ mgv‡b †b‡P-†M‡q cvb K‡i jvj †PvL wb‡q wVKB Awdm P‡j hv‡e mvZUvi mgq Kov Kwd‡Z PzgyK w`‡q; wKš‘ cvwU©i gRv Qvo‡Z ivwR bq †KDB| Avgv‡`i Ggb †Kv‡bv mgm¨v †bB c‡ii w`b wiI‡Z †Nviv‡div Qvov, ZvB wbwð‡šÍ wg‡k †Mjvg Rxe‡bi Avb›` cvbiZ Dš§vZvj gvby‡li m‡½| jvwZb Av‡gwiKv åg‡Yi †kl MšÍe¨ wn‡m‡e wiI‡K †e‡Q †bevi ci †_‡KB wPšÍv K‡iwQ, dv‡fjv †h‡ZB n‡e GK †ejvi Rb¨ n‡jI, wKš‘ eªvwR‡j hvIqv h‡ZvUv mnR, dv‡fjv Z‡ZvUvB KwVb| wiI‡Z GK Dò mܨvq c`vc©‡Yi ci gnvg~j¨evb Kw`b BwZg‡a¨B e¨q n‡q †M‡Q Ab¨vb¨ Kv‡R, wKš‘ dv‡fjv †_‡KB †M‡Q †mvbvi nwiY n‡q| In&, ejvB nqwb, dv‡fjv Kx? ew¯Í, AviI f`ª fvlvq ej‡j eªvwR‡ji ew¯Í kni| K‡qK eQi Av‡MI †m †`‡ki hveZxq Aciva, we‡klZ gv`K e¨emv I †PvivPvjv‡bi meUzKzB wbqwš¿Z n‡Zv GB ew¯Í ev ¯ø¨vg †_‡K| Z‡e, dv‡fjvi m‡½ cÖ_gevi cwiPq wKš‘ gvB‡Kj R¨vKm‡bi Agi Mvb Ô†` †Wv›U †Kqvi A¨vevDU AvmÕ-Gi wfwWI †_‡K| wiIi GK ew¯Í‡ZB ïwUs n‡qwQj MvbwUi| Zvi Ici dv‡fjvi bv‡g ïbZvg bvbvwea ¸Re| †mLv‡b bvwK ch©UK‡`i hvevi †Kv‡bv Dcvq †bB, KviY wQbZvB †mLv‡bi ˆbwgwËK NUbv| Zvi †P‡qI wec¾bK K_vÑ †h‡Kv‡bv mg‡qB †mLv‡b †j‡M hvq GKvwaK gv¯Ívb `j ev gvwdqv M¨vs‡qi e›`yKhy×| ZvB GB ¯’vb¸‡jv mh‡Zœ Gwo‡qB P‡jb ågYwccvmymn wbwe©ev`x bvMwi‡Kiv; wKš‘ evowZ wKQz cqmv Kvgv‡bvi Avkvq GKwU we‡kl gnj †du‡` em‡jv Ac~e© GK e¨emvÑ ch©UK‡`i c~Y© wbivcËv w`‡q dv‡fjv cwi`k©b Kiv‡bv| Zviv Rv‡b G e¨vcv‡i gvby‡li A`g¨ †KŠZ‚nj, wb‡Ri †Pv‡L †`L‡Z Pvq †Kgb Av‡Q mvaviY ew¯Íevmx, †Kgb Zv‡`i hvcbwPÎ| e¨m, cÖ_g †_‡KB nvDmdzj| Pov `v‡g (cÖvq 100 Wjvi) wUwKU K‡iI me `k©bv_©x GK cv‡q Lvov GB wewPÎ Rbc`¸‡jv †`Lvi Avkvq| D‡jøL¨, eªvwR‡ji me eo kn‡iB GKvwaK

dv‡fjv Av‡Q Ges †`kwUi †gvU RbmsL¨vi kZKiv 6 fvM A_©vr 11.6 wgwjqb gvbyl GB ew¯Í kni¸‡jv‡ZB _v‡K| AvgivI Z‡° Z‡° AvwQ Ggb Uz¨‡ii A‡cÿvq, GKvwaKevi RvqMv †cjvg bv AwZwi³ wf‡oi Kvi‡Y| Avevi GZ wbivcËv m‡Ë¡I e‡j †`Iqv n‡”Q, dv‡fjv åg‡Yi mgq Ggb †Kv‡bv wRwbm m‡½ †bIqv hv‡e bv, †hUv nviv‡j wb‡Ri Lye Lvivc jvM‡e| gv‡b, nviv‡Z ev wQbZvB n‡ZB cv‡i| Gi gv‡S Bqy_ †nv‡÷‡j KvBwcwiwbqvi AvÇvq ZvBIqv‡bi RyRyrmy P¨vw¤úqb ûqvs BD-†R‡bi m‡½ cwiPq R‡g DV‡ZB (we‡k¦i †miv RyRyrmy ¯‹zj wiI‡ZB Aew¯’Z) AviI PgKcÖ` me Z_¨ wgj‡jv dv‡fjv wb‡q| †ek KÕgvm n‡jv GB gnvbMix‡Z Av‡Q ûqvs| †mB myev‡` Av‡jv-AÜKvi `yB Rxe‡bi m‡½B cwiwPwZ Av‡Q Zvi| ej‡jv, GBLv‡b hv PvI, wg‡j hv‡e| †mB m‡½ †kvbv‡jv Zvi GKvwaKevi dv‡fjv åg‡Yi AwfÁZv| Avgv‡`i UzKUvK Qwe †Zvjvi kL Av‡Q ï‡b cÖ_‡gB mZK© K‡i em‡jv, †mLv‡b KviI AbygwZ Qvov Qwe †Zvjv wbwl×, we‡kl K‡i bvBU K¬v‡e Avi bv‡Pi AvÇvq| Avgiv †Zv AevK, bv‡Pi AvÇvI e‡m †mB Auvavi QvIqv ew¯Í‡Z| †PvL wU‡c ûqvs Mjvq bvUKxq fve G‡b Rvbv‡jvÑ †mB bv‡Pi Avm‡i †h Kx N‡U, bv †`L‡j wek¦vm Ki‡e bv, dv‡fjvi cÖwZwU igYx b„Z¨cUxqmx| Ges g‡Â Zv‡`i A½fw½ †`‡L g‡b nq evZv‡mi m‡½ m½g Ki‡Q Zviv| †` Avi n¨vwfs †m· DB` w` GqviÑ †QvKiv wVK GB K_v e‡jwQj| cÖgvYI †m w`j †gvevB‡j Rwg‡q ivLv wfwWI †`wL‡q| A™¢zZ Q›`gq Zv‡`i †`‡ni Av‡›`vjb| AkøxjZv †bB| Av‡Q kZfvM †ckv`vwi‡Z¡i †Quvqv Avi cÖvYcÖvPz‡h©i D”QjZv| duv‡K e‡j emjvg, I‡`i m‡½ hw` bv‡P †hvM w`B? nvwm w`‡qB c~e© Gwkqvb e¨vUv Rvbv‡jvÑ bvP‡Z †h‡qv, hw` eyS‡Z cv‡iv Zzwg Zv‡`i †P‡q fv‡jv bv‡Pv| Gw`‡K Rvbyqvwii 17 Zvwi‡Li wba©vwiZ dv‡fjv `k©b we‡kl Kvi‡Y evwZj †NvlYv Kiv n‡jv, wZwZwei³ n‡q wZb eÜz wg‡j (m‡½ †gw·Kvb ûqvb wf`vj I BmvBqvm †mibv) Kuv‡a †Zvqv‡j †d‡j ˆmK‡Zi D‡Ï‡k †Rvi K`‡g nuvUwQ, Ggb mgq †`Lv g¨vwiwj‡bi m‡½| gwnjv Avgv‡`i Bqy_ †nv‡÷‡jB ivbœvevbœvmn Ab¨vb¨ Kv‡R wb‡qvwRZ| Av‡MI †`Lv n‡j K_v n‡q‡Q| Avi `kRb eªvwRjxqi g‡ZvB AvÇvevR I D”Qj| Avgv‡`i MšÍe¨ ï‡b nBnB K‡i DV‡jb| ej‡jb, e¨vUviv, dv‡fjv hvev, Avgv‡K ejev bv? Avwg wb‡RB GK dv‡fjv‡Z _vwK, wb‡Ri evwo‡Z, Avi Avgvi m‡½ †M‡j †Zvgiv m¤ú~Y© wbivc`| GLb evwo‡ZB hvw”Q, PvB‡j Avm‡Z cv‡iv mevB| Av‡ieŸvm, G †Zv †gN bv PvB‡ZB e„wó| AZGe m‡½ m‡½ †`Š‡o †Zvqv‡j †nv‡÷‡j †i‡L K¨v‡giv e¨v‡M cy‡i g¨vwiwj‡bi m½x n‡q GK RbvKxY© ev‡m hvÎx njvg Avgiv| wf‡oi †Vjvq †Kvb w`‡K P‡jwQ, wKQzB Vvni Ki‡Z cviwQ bv| wKš‘ wgwbU mv‡ZK c‡iB evm _vg‡jv GK cvnv‡oi †Mvovq| me KwU `uvZ †ei K‡i g¨vwiwjb ej‡jv, Avgvi dv‡fjv wfwRMv‡j ¯^vMZ, eÜziv| wfwRMvj Kx Q›`gq GKUv bvg! Ae‡k‡l dv‡fjvi cÖ‡ekgy‡L Avgiv| †`wL, †mB cvnv‡oi cv`‡`k †_‡K P‚ov ch©šÍ meLv‡bB ÿz‡` ÿz‡` evwo| wKš‘ Avgiv hv‡ev Kxfv‡e GZ Dc‡i? †`Lv †Mj, dv‡fjvi gy‡L †ek KwU †gvUimvB‡Kj `uvo Kiv‡bv| ¯’vbxq ZiæYiv e¨¯Í †gvUimvB‡K‡j K‡i Dc‡i †h‡Z B”QyK‡`i wb‡q| †mB Kvi‡Y cÖwZ †gvUimvB‡K‡j `ywU K‡i †nj‡gU| Avav Wjv‡i idv K‡i †P‡c emjvg| `viæY A¨vW‡fÂvi| cvnvwo miæ iv¯Ív †e‡q †gvUimvB‡Kj DV‡Q †Zv DV‡QB| G‡Ki ci GK euvK †cwi‡q hv‡”Q wbcyY WªvBfvi| †mB m‡½ Av‡Q Dci †_‡K †a‡q Avmv hvbevn‡bi wfo, gv‡S gv‡S UªvwdK R¨vgI euvaj K‡qK gyn~‡Z©i Rb¨| wKš‘ g~j D‡ËRbvi RvqMv GKwU dv‡fjvi †fZ‡i e‡j, †hb †R‡bï‡b cÖvY nv‡Z ev‡Ni ¸nvq †XvKv, wbQK †ivgv‡Âi †Luv‡R|

K¨vbfvm 79


hw` †KD R¨v‡g AvUKv‡bv Ae¯’vq Kuv‡ai e¨vM wQbZvB K‡i wKsev †gvUimvB‡Kj Dwë‡q me©¯^ wQwb‡q wb‡q P‡j hvqÑ GB f‡q wKš‘ †KDB c_Pjvi mgq wfwWI K¨v‡giv Kv‡R jvMvb bv| bB‡j Kx PgrKvi wfwWI n‡Z cviZ †mB †ivgvÂKi c‡_i| GKch©v‡q g¨vwiwj‡bi evwoi mvg‡b _vgv n‡jv| †mB †gv‡oi Kv‡QB `ywU we‡kl cywj‡ki Mvwo| Rvbv †Mj, weMZ GK `k‡KiI †ewk mgq a‡i jyjv wmjfvi miKv‡ii mgq †_‡K we‡kl cywjk evwnbxi nvRvi nvRvi Awfhvb ax‡i ax‡i †KvYVvmv K‡i †d‡j gv`K †PvivPvjvwb‡`i| GL‡bv msNl© N‡U, wKš‘ Av‡Mi m‡½ Zzjbv Ki‡j Zv Lye Kg| †mB m‡½ dv‡fjv¸‡jvi wfZ‡i wkÿv we¯Ívi, wPwKrmv, we`y¨r, my‡cq cvbxq R‡ji mieivn, c‡qvwb®‹vkbe¨e¯’v BZ¨vw` †ÿ‡Î N‡U‡Q cÖf‚Z DbœwZ| 2014 dzUej wek¦Kvc Ges 2016 mv‡ji Awjw¤úK n‡e eªvwR‡j| miKvi AwZgvÎvq mZK© mviv wek¦ †_‡K Avmv †KvwU †KvwU `k‡Ki c~Y© wbivcËv wb‡q| dv‡fjv¸‡jv †hb ZLb Aciva¯^M© wn‡m‡e KvR bv K‡i, †m Rb¨ A‡bK Av‡M †_‡KB e¨e¯’v wb‡q AvBbk„•Ljv cwiw¯’wZi Afvebxq DbœwZ K‡i‡Q| cÖ_‡gB LvwbKUv avZ¯’ nevi Rb¨ g¨vwiwj‡bi AvwZ_¨ MÖnY Kiv n‡jv| PgrKvi RvqMv| †`vZvjvi GK cv‡ki Rvbvjv w`‡q AvUjvw›UK gnvmvMi Avi wkíxi c‡U AuvKv Qwei g‡Zv K‡qKUv Øxc †`Lv hvq| Ab¨ cv‡k †`Lv hvq dv‡fjvi wKQz evwoNi| LvwbK `~‡i wiI gnvbMix| gwnjvi B‡”Q, G wek¦Kv‡ci Av‡MB GLv‡b GKUv m¯Ív †nv‡Uj Lyj‡eb| AvBbk„•Ljv cwiw¯’wZ fv‡jv _vK‡j dv‡fjvi †nv‡U‡j ivwÎhvcb n‡e †h‡Kv‡bv ch©U‡Ki Rb¨ evowZ cÖvwß| Zvi †Q‡j d¨vweqv‡bv Lye Lywk, ¯‹z‡j †kLv‡bv Bs‡iwR Ae‡k‡l Avgv‡`i m‡½ e¨envi Ki‡Z cvivi Rb¨| wbg©vYvaxb wZbZjvi e¨vjKwb‡Z `uvwo‡q wbweofv‡e ch©‡eÿ‡Yi †Póv Pvjvjvg †mB ARvbv fze‡bi evwm›`v‡`i| ï‡bwQ, K‡qK eQi Av‡MI hLb †Mvjv¸wj Avi Lyb wQj GLvbKvi cÖwZw`bKvi NUbv, ZL‡bv wKš‘ ¯’vbxq‡`i †Kv‡bv mgm¨v n‡Zv bv| †mB jovB mxgve× _vKZ †Kej gv`K e¨emvqx‡`i gv‡SB| Kv‡RB gvwdqv‡`i Pv‡c c‡o wb‡Ri GjvKv‡K wemR©b w`‡Z nqwb †Kv‡bv wbwe©ev`x cwievi‡K| c„w_exi Avi `kwU kn‡ii g‡ZvB wK‡kviiv û‡jøvo K‡i dzUej †L‡j evwo wdi‡Q| wK‡kvixiv e¨¯Í Zv‡`i mvܨ AvÇvq| ga¨eq¯‹iv Rwg‡q e‡m‡Q cvbkvjv¸‡jv‡Z| mvwi mvwi evwo| †Kv_vI GKiwË duvKv RvqMv †bB| Ggb ew¯Í kni †_‡KB wKš‘ GKmgq †ei n‡q‡Q †c‡j, wR‡Kv, wifvj‡`vmn wek¦ dzUe‡ji †miv me bÿÎ| NÈv `y‡qK ci m`je‡j †Mjvg ¯’vbxq GK †i‡¯Íviuvq, LvIqvi Rb¨| Avkcv‡ki †jvKRb †KŠZ‚njx `„wó‡Z ZvKv‡”Q Avgv‡`i w`‡K| †KD †KD Avevi AvM evwo‡q g¨vwiwjb‡K wRÁvmvI Ki‡jv Avgv‡`i e¨vcv‡i| GKwU cyj †Ljvi RvqMvq †`wL wfwWI Pj‡Q gvB‡Kj R¨vKm‡bi e¨vW MvbwUi| †evSv hvq, wiIi dv‡fjv‡K Dc¯’vc‡bi Rb¨ gvB‡Kj Lye RbwcÖq GL‡bv| Zuv‡K wb‡R‡`i †jvK e‡jB g‡b K‡i ¯’vbxqiv| †i‡¯Íviuvq Xz‡K GK wfbœ AwfÁZv n‡jv| PgrKvi ¯^v‡`i Lvevi| we‡kl K‡i gyPgy‡P K‡i fvRv gvsmUv †hb GL‡bv gy‡L †j‡M Av‡Q| wKš‘ `vg w`‡Z n‡jv Lvev‡ii IRb

wn‡m‡e| gv‡b hv B”Qv wb‡Z cv‡ivÑ fvZ, wkg, gvsm, wWg, mewR; wKš‘ `vg w`‡Z n‡e IRb †g‡b| g¨vwiwj‡bi Afq †c‡q †divi c‡_ K¨v‡giv cÖKv‡k¨ †ei K‡i †MvUv K‡qK Qwe †Zvjvi †Póv Kijvg †mB wgªqgvY Av‡jv‡Z| Z‡e GjvKvwU †ek cwi®‹vi-cwi”Qbœ| evsjv‡`‡ki cÖvq mevB ew¯Í ïb‡jB wmwU Ad Rq eBwU wKsev ¯ø¨vgWM wgwjqwbqvi Pjw”P‡Îi myev‡` c~wZMÜgq emev‡mi A‡hvM¨ ¯’v‡bi K_v g‡b K‡i| GB dv‡fjv Zvi †P‡q A‡bK Avjv`v| wKQzw`b Av‡M evivK IevgvI G‡mwQ‡jb wiIi GK dv‡fjv‡Z| hw`I †mLv‡b Ae¯’v‡bi cy‡ivUv mgqB †ek DrKÉvq wQjvg Avgiv wZbRbB| wKš‘ dv‡fjv `k©‡bi Avkv c~Y© nIqvi Avb‡›` g¨vwiwjb‡K †KvwU †KvwU ab¨ev` w`‡q wd‡i Pjjvg wiIi w`‡K| Avgv‡`i ZLb wPšÍv GKUvBÑ ciw`b bZzb mßvð‡h©i GKwU wiIi whï‡K Qzu‡q †`Lv| ciw`b †iv‡`i Pbg‡b Av‡jvq ficyi Pviw`K| †nv‡÷j †_‡K ¯’vbxq ev‡m †P‡c Ki‡Kvfv‡Wv cvnv‡o hvevi †ij‡÷k‡b †cŠuQjvg Avgiv| GB Ki‡Kvfv‡Wv cvnv‡oi gv_v‡ZB whïg~wZ© Aew¯’Z| wKš‘ wewa evg, ch©U‡Ki `j wekvj jvBb w`‡q `uvwo‡q Av‡Q| c‡ii †Uª‡bi wUwKU †c‡Z n‡j AšÍZ NÈv wZ‡bK A‡cÿv Ki‡ZB n‡e| GB n‡jv †ewk weL¨vZ wKQz †`L‡Z hvevi mgm¨v| GB mgq whïi evZ©vevnK n‡q cv‡ki iv¯Ív †_‡K Avwef©~Z n‡jb wmbi Avjfv‡iR jyBR K÷v| †ckvq U¨vw·PvjK| GKwU we‡kl †Kv¤úvwbi †cvkvK c‡i Av‡Qb| hviv `k©bv_©x‡`i cvnv‡oi P‚ovq wb‡q hvq Avi †diZ wb‡q Av‡m| whïi Kv‡Q K‡qK NÈv _vKvi gv‡S †evbvm wn‡m‡e wgj‡e c‡_i gvSLv‡b GKvwaK RvqMvq _vgvi my‡hvM, †hLv‡b Qwei g‡Zv mvRv‡bv kniwUi Qwe †Zvjvi AwØZxq my‡hvM †Zv wgj‡eB Avi Av‡Q wUDKv e‡bi wbmM© Dc‡fv‡Mi my‡hvM| cÖkœ DV‡Z cv‡i, wiI gnvbMix‡Z eb G‡jv †Kv_v †_‡K? Avm‡j GB wUDKv mviv we‡k¦i me‡P‡q eo kni‡Nulv eb| hv‡K Bs‡iwR‡Z e‡j Avievb d‡i÷| Avi †mB Ki‡Kvfv‡Wv cvnvo wKš‘ GB e‡bi gv‡SB Aew¯’Z| ZvB †Uªb aivi Sv‡gjvi e`‡j wmbi K÷vi †gvUihv‡b mIqvi n‡j i_ †`Lvi m‡½ Kjv †Zv †ePv n‡eB, duvKZv‡j i‡_ Povi Avb›`I Dc‡fvM Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| GKv`kxi K…‡òi g‡Zv Zvi U¨vw·i fvovI h‡_ó b¨vh¨| AZGe P‡o emjvg Zvi nj‡`-Kv‡jv U¨vw·‡Z| cu¨vPv‡bv iv¯Ív w`‡q Ny‡i Ny‡i DV‡Z _vKjvg cvnvo kx‡l©| gv‡S `yÕevi hvÎvweiwZ| cÖ_gevi we‡kl GK RvqMvq †_‡K wiIi iƒc Dc‡fv‡Mi Rb¨| GK cv‡k †`Lv †Mj we‡k¦i

K¨vbfvm 80


e„nËg †÷wWqvg gvivKvbv| †hLv‡b GKmg‡q 2 jvL `k©K GKm‡½ dzUej Dc‡fvM Ki‡Z cviZ| GLb †mB aviYÿgZv A‡bK Kwg‡q Avbv n‡q‡Q| ZL‡bv whï †ek `~‡i, wKš‘ Zvi Avkcv‡k †nwjKÞv‡ii Avbv‡Mvbv †evSv hv‡”Q †ek| †mB m‡½ iwmK †g‡Ni `‡ji Ae¯’v‡bi Kvi‡Y gv‡S gv‡S g‡b n‡”Q k~‡b¨ †f‡m Av‡Q †Kv‡bv A‡jŠwKK Rv`yKi| Av‡iKevi `uvov‡bv n‡jv iv¯Ívi cv‡kB GK SuvKov Mv‡Qi Wv‡j `y‡Uv †QvÆ euv`i †`Lvq| G‡Kev‡i ÿz‡` cÖRvwZi, K‡qK Bw gvÎ j¤^v, Sz‡j _vKv †jRUv †`‡ni mgvbB ejv P‡j; wKš‘ †ewk gvÎvq jvRyK| Zxeª MwZ‡Z Rxe `y‡Uv DavI n‡q †Mj Nb meyR e‡b| †kl‡gk _vgv n‡jv G‡Kev‡i cvnv‡oi gvSvgvwS GK we‡kl evm÷‡c| †hLvb †_‡K GKgvÎ AbygwZcÖvß gvB‡µvevm Dc‡i †h‡Z cv‡i| Zv‡ZB gyiwMi LuvPvi g‡Zv PvcvPvwc K‡i K‡qK wgwb‡Ui hš¿Yv m‡q Avgiv †cŠuQjvg whïi cv`‡`‡k| †ek Qov‡bv RvqMv; †mLv‡b wKQz †i‡¯Íviuv Avi iKgvwi †`vKv‡bi Ae¯’vb Ges g~j cY¨ Aek¨B bvbv c`v‡_©i, bvbvK…wZi whïi ÿz‡` g‡Wj| †mLvb †_‡K †`Lv hv‡”Q 130 dzU j¤^v I 98 dzU PIov (gv‡b Qov‡bv nv‡Zi gvc Abyhvqx) g~wZ©Uvi wcQb w`K, g‡b n‡jv Zvi gv_vq Kx †hb KuvUvi g‡Zv emv‡bv Av‡Q| `~iexb w`‡q †`wL, †ek K‡qKUv A¨v‡›UbvRvZxq avZe kjvKv, wbðqB †Kv‡bv e¨envwiK Kv‡Ri Rb¨| Zvi cv‡ki wmuwo †e‡q †ek wKQz avc AwZµg K‡i Ae‡k‡l †cŠuQv‡bv †Mj we‡k¦i we¯§‡qi wb‡P| †PvL Zz‡j ZvKvjvg cv_y‡i gy‡Li w`‡K| †mLv‡b ZL‡bv †nwjKÞv‡ii Avbv‡Mvbv| Avi Pvicv‡k wMRwMR Ki‡Q ch©UK| †gvUvgywU mevi jÿ¨, whïi g~wZ©i mvg‡b ZviB `ynvZ Qov‡bv fw½gvq `uvwo‡q GKUv gyn~Z© K¨v‡givq e›`x Kiv| wekvjvKvi g~wZ©wU wb‡iU| †Kej wbP †_‡K †`Lv hvq Kv‡Q †M‡j, †fZ‡i hvevi †Kv‡bv Dcvq †bB| †mLv‡b wgwbU c‡b‡iv _vK‡ZB †eovfvOv †fovi cv‡ji g‡Zv ïå †g‡Ni `j Qz‡U G‡jv bvbv DcZ¨Kvi Ici w`‡q, wb‡R‡`i ivRZ¡ we¯Ívi Ki‡Z Ki‡Z| whï‡K g‡b n‡jv inm¨gq †Kv‡bv AvMš‘K, hvi gyLgÐj wN‡i Av‡Q cvZjv †g‡Ni c`©v| †mB m‡½ †PvL co‡jv Zvi wekvj nv‡Zi

cuvP AvOz‡ji w`‡K| wbLyuZ KvR| Z‡e fv¯‹h©Kjvi †mŠôe, gvayh© Abycw¯’Z| wSiwS‡i e„wó ïiæ n‡jv, `ªæZ wKQz gyn~Z© †d«ge›`x K‡i Avevi wb‡Pi w`‡K †mw`‡bi g‡Zv| wiI gnvbMix‡Z cv †`evi ciciB BmvBqvm †mibv e‡jwQj, †h‡nZz GUv Avgv‡`i GKm‡½ åg‡Yi †kl MšÍe¨, Avgv‡`i Aek¨B DwPZ n‡e wiI ˆmK‡Z MovMwo Kivi cvkvcvwk GK w`‡bi Rb¨ n‡jI Pziv‡¯‹v‡Z hvIqv| Pziv‡¯‹v n‡”Q eªvwRwjqvb Kveve Lvevi RvqMv, †hLv‡b eviwewKD †g‡j bvbv auv‡P, GšÍvi| wKš‘ `vg †ewk, ZvB †m Rwg‡q †i‡LwQj hvÎvc‡_i †kl MšÍ‡e¨i Rb¨| GB mg‡qB becwiwPZ †mB ZvBIqv‡bi eÜz RyRyrmy P¨vw¤úqb ûqvs BD-†Rb ejj, PgrKvi GK Pziv‡¯‹v‡Z †m Avgv‡`i wb‡q hv‡e, †h‡nZz †m GLv‡b K‡qK gvm a‡i Av‡Q, wP‡b †M‡Q A‡bK wKQzB| Ges GB Kq gvm _vKvi c‡iI †m †nv‡÷‡jB _v‡K| KviY wiIi evwo fvov A‡bK e¨qeûj| e¨vUv †PvL gU‡K ej‡jv, AvB A¨vg Av wgU BUvi, Uªv÷ wg| e¨vcK û‡jøvo n‡jv Kqw`b; ˆmKZ †_‡K ïiæ K‡i cvnvo| cv_‡ii whï †`Ljvg, †`Ljvg dv‡fjvi gvbewhï‡`i| jvcvi ˆbkRxeb, Uªv݇m·yqvj‡`i welv‡` †Niv Auvav‡i XvKv Aa¨vq| we`vq †bevi mgq P‡j Avm‡Q ax‡i ax‡i, Ae‡k‡l †hw`b mܨvq wegvbi‡_ K‡i AvUjvw›UK cvwo †`evi K_v, †mw`b `ycy‡i hvIqv n‡jv m`je‡j Pziv‡¯‹v| Aag e½mšÍv‡bi m‡½ Av‡Q `yB †gw·Kvb ûqvb wf`vj I BmvBqvm †mibv| `‡j bZzb gyL Rvg©vb-A‡÷«wjqvb †dwj· Ges †mB ZvBIqvwbR eÜz| †m Avevi AwfÁZvi Av‡jv‡K Rvbv‡jv, Pziv‡¯‹v‡Z gvs‡mi m‡½ A‡bK wKQzB wgj‡e gyd‡Z| cÖ_‡gB wej PzwK‡q w`‡Z n‡e| wKš‘ Avgiv †hb Aek¨B †Kv‡bv wKQzB gy‡L bv w`B| we‡kl K‡i mvjv` ev †KvKv†Kvjv| KviY, G¸‡jv cvK¯’jx‡Z †M‡jB


LvIqvi Pvwn`vUv K‡g hv‡e| Avi Uvbv hv‡e bv gvs‡mi cvnvo| †h Kvi‡Y †i‡¯Íviuv¸‡jv B‡”Q K‡iB †Pv‡Li mvg‡b Ab¨vb¨ Lvevi mvwR‡q iv‡L Ges wb‡R †_‡KB †Kvgj cvbxq MwQ‡q w`‡Z †Póv K‡i| Pziv‡¯‹v †cŠu‡Q †Uwej `Lj K‡i emv n‡jv, †fZ‡i gvsm Avi Pwe©i cÖvY AvBXvB Kiv MÜ| †c‡Ui †fZ‡i †gvPo †`qv Aven| evZvm †hb Mig n‡q Av‡Q fvRv gvs‡mi ¯ú‡k©| gvsm‡L‡Kv‡`i ¯^M©ivR¨| †Kgb GKUv Avivg`vqK DòZv Qwo‡q Av‡Q †Kv‡Y †Kv‡Y| †mB m‡½ Av‡Q Avgv‡`i bvkZvi ci wKQz bv Lvevi Kvi‡Y ˆZwi nIqv ÿzav| cÖ_‡gB †Uwe‡j †`Ljvg GKUv K‡i meyR PvKwZi g‡Zv wKQz, †mUv Dëv‡ZB †`wL Aci cv‡k jvj| ïbjvg Pziv‡¯‹v‡Z Lvevi mgq gvbyl GZB e¨¯Í _v‡K, we‡kl K‡i Zvi gyL †h‡nZz me mgqB wKQz bv wKQz wP‡ev‡ZB _v‡K, ZvB GB PvKwZi e¨e¯’v| meyR gv‡b gvsm w`‡ZB _v‡Kv cv‡Z, Avi jvj gv‡b AvcvZZ wKQz w`‡qv bv| A‡b‡KB GB Kvi‡Y evwR a‡iI Pziv‡¯‹v‡Z Av‡m †h †`Lv hvK †K KZÿY mey‡R wUK‡Z cv‡i| Avi Lvevi wb‡q G‡Ki ci GK I‡qUvi Avm‡Z _v‡K| †`Lv †Mj †KD Miæi wmbvi gvsm wb‡q nvwRi, G‡m †Uwe‡j `uvwo‡q GK dvwj K‡i †K‡U w`j| †m †h‡Z bv-†h‡ZB Av‡iKRb G‡m nvwRi KwP evQz‡ii fvRv gvsm wb‡q| Zvi ciciB G‡m †Mj Pwe©‡Z fvRv Kj‡Ri UzK‡iv| gv‡b Avcbvi gb, gyL, nvZ meB e¨¯Í| Avi †mB gvs‡mi ¯^v`? Avn&! wKQz Ask wQ‡j G‡Kev‡i gvL‡bi g‡Zv †gvjv‡qg, gy‡L †`Iqvi ci wRnŸvi UvKiv ch©šÍ †Mj bv, Zvi Av‡MB gyLMnŸ‡i Avivg`vqK DòZv Qwo‡q wgwj‡q †Mj| Nv‡oi gvs‡mi GKUv wW‡ki K_v Lye g‡b Av‡Q| wPev‡bvi mgq †Kgb †hb KPKP kã nw”Qj| Ggb my¯^v`y gvsm Rxe‡b LyeB Kg †L‡qwQ| Avgv‡`i g‡Zv gmjv`vi Lvevi bq wKš‘, wMÖjB g~jZ Kiv n‡q‡Q jeY, †MvjgwiP Avi gwi‡Pi ¸u‡ov wQwU‡q| Avgv‡`i gv‡S mevi Av‡M wcV cÖ`k©b K‡i jvj PvKwZ Dcyo Ki‡jv BmvBqvm| Zv‡K `yóz wgwó UK Svj Kov gšÍe¨ ïwb‡q LvIqv Pvwj‡q †Mjvg Avgiv `yB nv‡ZB| meB †h †Mvgvsm wQj, Zv bq| wK‡Pb †_‡K †ei nIqv GKR‡bi nv‡Z †`wL wekvj wk‡Ki g‡Zv KvwV, Zv‡Z ÿz‡` ÿz‡` Kx me Muv_vÑ Kx †m¸‡jv? Rvbv †Mj imy‡b Wzwe‡q †m× Kiv Ges fvRv gyiwMi nƒrwcÐ, hv‡K Avgiv ewj wRD| †Ljvg †MvUv K‡qK, †Kv‡bvUvB †ewk K‡i LvIqv nqwb, KviY g~j jÿ¨ wQj h‡ZvUv m¤¢e AvB‡Ug †P‡L †`Lv| ïay †ewk fv‡jv jvMvq Nv‡oi gvs‡mi wWkUv Av‡iKevi PvB‡ZB n‡jv| Avnv, RMr Ag„Zgq| D”PgvM©xq| Uvbv Lvevi Pj‡jv †ek

Pziv‡¯‹vq mevÜe gvsm fÿ‡b †jLK (Dc‡i Wv‡bi Qwe‡Z me©ev‡g), wiIÕi dv‡ejv

LvwbKÿY, Zvici nR‡gi Rb¨ GKUz †Kvgj cvbxq, Avevi LvIqv| mevi †k‡l wej| RbcÖwZ 40 Wjvi| wKš‘ my‡`-Avm‡j DwV‡q Avbv †M‡Q †mUv| †mB Z…wß wb‡q mevB †ei nevi mgq wm×všÍ n‡jv, †h cwigvY LvIqv n‡q‡Q Zv‡Z U¨vw· bv, †nv‡÷‡j wdi‡ev c`eª‡R, cvi‡j wegvbe›`i ch©šÍ| Gfv‡eB UzK‡iv UzK‡iv `„‡k¨ wiI Agi n‡q †j‡Þ hvq gw¯Í‡®‹i wbDi‡b| Zvi ¯^v`, MÜ, D”QjZv, Sjg‡j e‡Y© AvKÉ Dc‡fvM K‡i Avgiv ¯^xKvi Kwi, AvUjvw›UK cv‡ii GK †Mva~wjivOv mܨvq fvwM¨m wiI‡Z G‡mwQjvg, bB‡j GZ Mí wK Avi n‡Zv! Qwe: †jLK


`xN© GKUv mgq ch©šÍ †KvjKvZvi dzUej gv‡bB wQj evOvwji dzUej| me©fviZxq dzUej‡K cwiPh©vq cwiYwZ w`‡q‡Q KjKvZv| ALÐ fviZe‡l© evOvwji dzUej ¯^Y©hyM ej‡Z †M‡j ¯^vaxbZvc~e© mgq| Bs‡iR‡`i KvQ †_‡K †kLv dzUe‡j Zv‡`i‡K chy©`¯Í K‡i‡Q Aejxjvq| d‡j dzUej n‡q D‡V‡Q evOvwji †`kvZ¥‡ev‡ai cÖZxK, ¯^vaxbZv Av‡›`vj‡bi mÄxebx| wek¦Kvc dzUe‡ji cUf‚wg‡Z AZxZ †ivgš’‡b BwZnvm mRxe K‡i‡Qb BKivgD¾gvb

1911 mv‡j cÖ_g fviZxq `j wn‡m‡e AvBGdG wkì P¨vw¯úqb †gvnbevMvb I 1934 mv‡ji cÖ_g fviZxq wjM P¨vw¤úqb KjKvZv †gvnv‡gWvb †¯úvwU©s (wb‡P)

K¨vbfvm 83

we‡kl wdPvi

dzUe‡j evOvwj evOvwji dzUej

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wK‡b †`b `y‡Uv dzUej| †Ljvi AvBbKvbyb m¤ú‡K© AeMZI K‡ib| GUvB wKš‘ BwZnv‡mi cvZvq evOvwj‡`i wkÿvcÖwZôv‡bi gva¨‡g dzUej †Ljvi m~ÎcvZ| cÖ_g †_‡K wkÿvwe`iv Zuv‡`i wbR wbR cÖwZôv‡b dzUe‡ji c„ô‡cvlKZv K‡i‡Qb| G‡Z K‡i wkÿvcÖwZôvb¸‡jvq dzUej `ªæZ RbwcÖqZv †c‡q‡Q| KjKvZvi bvgKiv me wkÿvcÖwZôvb †hgbÑ †nqvi ¯‹zj, †cÖwm‡WwÝ K‡jR, wicb K‡jR, wekc K‡jR, wkecyi BwÄwbqvwis K‡jR, KjKvZv †gwW‡Kj K‡jR, †m›U †Rwfqvm© K‡jRmn Ab¨vb¨ wkÿvcÖwZôv‡b AwP‡iB evOvwj Qv·`i wb‡q dzUej `j MwVZ n‡q‡Q| 1854 mv‡ji GwcÖj gv‡mi wØZxq mßv‡n KjKvZv gq`v‡b AbywôZ nq K¨vjKvUv K¬ve Ae wmwfwjqvbm ebvg †R‡›Uj‡gb Ae e¨vivKcy‡ii g¨vP| GUvB KjKvZvi cÖ_g AvbyôvwbK dzUej g¨vP| cyi‡bv msev`c‡Î G Lei ZLb NUv K‡iB Qvcv nq| Z‡e †Kv‡bv msev`c‡ÎB D‡jøL †bB G †Ljvi djvdj| Gici Bs‡iRiv wbqwgZfv‡e wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ ÔDBKG‡ÛÕ dzUej †L‡j‡Qb| cÖxwZ dzUej g¨v‡P KL‡bv KL‡bv GKRb ev `yRb evOvwj †L‡jvqvo‡KI AšÍfz©³ Kiv n‡q‡Q| KjKvZvi gv‡V dzUej Mov‡bvi ci c~e© evsjvi XvKvq dzUej Avm‡Z mgq jv‡Mwb| wewfbœ Kvi‡Y XvKv QvovI Ab¨vb¨ †Rjvi m‡½ KjKvZvi †hvMv‡hvM wQj me‡P‡q †ewk| D‡jøL‡hvM¨msL¨K evOvwj wQ‡jb fxlYfv‡e KjKvZv‡Kw›`ªK| Zv Qvov A‡bK Av‡M †_‡KB c~e© evsjvq wQj Bs‡iR‡`i cÖkvmwbK `ßi, Kvh©µg Ges †mbvQvDwb| ejv hvq, 1855 †_‡K 1860 mv‡ji g‡a¨ XvKv QvovI gqgbwmsn, PÆMÖvg, Kzwgjøv, dwi`cyi, Lyjbv, ewikvj, iscyi I w`bvRcy‡i Qwo‡q‡Q dzUej| 1860 mv‡j XvKvi M¨vwimb gv‡V BD‡ivcxq ˆmwbK I †emvgwiK‡`i g‡a¨ AbywôZ dzUej g¨v‡Pi Qwe weªwUk wgDwRqv‡g msiwÿZ Av‡Q| ïay dzUej †Ljvi Rb¨ 1878 mv‡j BD‡ivcxq e¨emvqx m¤úª`v‡qi D‡`¨v‡M KjKvZvq me©cÖ_g eo K¬ve M‡o I‡V| bvg †UªWm K¬ve| c‡i bvg e`j n‡q Wvj‡nŠwm A¨v_‡jwU· K¬ve nq| Gw`‡K b‡M›`ª cÖmv‡`i D‡`¨v‡M 1877 mv‡j evOvwj evjK I wK‡kvi‡`i wb‡q KjKvZvi cvovi `j Ôe‡qR †¯úvwU©s K¬veÕ MwVZ nq| ïay e‡qR †¯úvwU©s K¬veB bq, wZwb AviI M‡o †Zv‡jb †d«Ûm K¬ve, †cÖwm‡WwÝ K¬ve I I‡qwjsUb K¬ve| evOvwj‡`i cÖ_g eo K¬ve †kvfvevRvi K¬v‡ei Rb¥ 1885 mv‡j| †kvfvevRv‡ii Rwg`vi Kzgvi wR‡Z›`ª K…ò‡`e Gi cÖwZôvZv| Gici evOvwj mgv‡R Av‡m bZzb †Rvqvi| KjKvZvi evOvwj dzUej Drmvnxiv K¬v‡ei cÖ‡qvRbxqZv Dcjwä Ki‡Z ïiæ K‡ib| MwVZ nq KzgviUzjx UvDb K¬ve, b¨vkbvj K¬ve, Gwiqvb K¬ve, Wvqbv K¬ve, P›`bbMi †¯úvwU©s, nvIov K¬vemn †ek K‡qKwU K¬ve| G mgq c~e© evsjvq XvKv QvovI gd¯^j kn‡ii K‡qKwU ¯’v‡b K¬v‡ei Rb¥ n‡q‡Q| Dcgnv‡`‡ki dzUe‡ji cÖvY‡K›`ª KjKvZvq cÖwZ‡hvwMZvg~jK †Ljv cÖeZ©‡bi cw_K…r Wvj‡nŠwm K¬ve| GivB ïiæ K‡i †UªWm Kvc, 1889 mv‡j| †m eQ‡iB Rb¥ †gvnbevMvb K¬v‡ei| †kvfvevRvi cÖ_g evOvwj K¬ve, hviv †UªWm Kv‡c Ask wb‡qwQj KvjxPiY wg‡Îi AwabvqK‡Z¡| 1892 mv‡j †UªWm Kv‡ci PZz_© eQi †kvfvevRvi K¬ve B÷ mv‡i `j‡K nvwi‡q Pv‡j¨i m„wó K‡i| GUvB wQj evOvwj dzUejvi‡`i cÖwZ‡hvwMZvg~jK †Ljvq mv‡ne‡`i weiæ‡× cÖ_g weRq| GB `‡j wQ‡jb c~e© evsjvi cuvPRb dzUejvi| 1900 mv‡j ¯’vbxq `‡ji g‡a¨ cÖ_g weªwUk cÖvavb¨ Le© K‡i cÖ_gev‡ii g‡Zv †UªWm Kvc wR‡ZwQj `wÿY KjKvZvi b¨vkbvj K¬ve| GB K¬v‡ei KY©avi wQ‡jb gb¥_ Mv½ywj| wZwb wQ‡jb wkÿK| fviZxq dzUe‡j, we‡klZ evOvwj‡`i dzUej-msMÖv‡g Zuvi Ae`vb wPi¯§iYxq| wZwb cÖ_g †_‡KB eyU c‡i †Ljvi c‡ÿ Av‡›`vjb K‡i‡Qb| GB gb¥_ Mv½ywjB cÖ_g evOvwj, whwb AvBGdGi hyM¥ m¤úv`K wn‡m‡e `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡i‡Qb| G

Qvov Gwiqv‡bi weL¨vZ dzUej cÖwkÿK `ytLxivg gRyg`viI me mgq evOvwji eyU c‡i †Ljvi c‡ÿ wQ‡jb| Lvwj cv‡q dzUej †Ljvi Kvi‡Y Bs‡iR‡`i weiæ‡× jo‡Z Amyweav n‡Zv; we‡kl K‡i e„wó‡fRv wcw”Qj gv‡V| †kvfvevRvi I Ab¨vb¨ evOvwj K¬v‡ei †L‡jvqvoiv Lvwj cv‡q †Lj‡Zb e‡j Bs‡iRiv Gme `j‡K ej‡Zv ÔeveymÕ `j| GK`g †Mvovi w`‡K KjKvZvq nv‡Z †Mvbv K‡qKRb evOvwj †L‡jvqvo eyU c‡i †Lj‡Zb| Zuv‡`i K‡qKRb n‡jb: myaxi P¨vUvwR©, cÖdzjø wek¦vm, mZ¨mvab †Nvlvj, ejvB P¨vUvwR©, Ave`yj nvwg`, †Qv‡b gRyg`vi cÖgyL| ZLb bbx †Mv¯^vgx, †ngv½ †gvnb †evm, cëz `vm¸ß, iwe Mv½ywj, dRjyi ingvb, mvgv`, DgvcwZ Kzgvi, ivLvj gRyg`vi, cÖKvk †Nvl, †Mvô cvj, †gvbv `Ë, Awfjvl †Nvl, iv‡Rb †mb cÖgyL †L‡jvqvo Lvwj cv‡q dzUej †Lj‡Zb| cÖ_g wWwfk‡b ZLb Lye Kg evOvwj †L‡jvqv‡oi †Ljvi my‡hvM wQj| w·ki `k‡K eyU c‡i `viæY mdjZv AR©b K‡i‡Q †gvnv‡gWvb †¯úvwU©s| Zviv eyS‡Z †c‡i‡Q, ey‡Ui †gvKvwejv eyU w`‡qB Ki‡Z n‡e| `jxqfv‡e †gvnv‡gWv‡bi Av‡M Avi KL‡bv †Kv‡bv cy‡iv `‡ji †L‡jvqvoiv eyU c‡i †L‡jbwb| 1892 mv‡j AvBGdG MwVZ nq| Avi GB AvBGdG MwVZ nevi ¸iæZ¡c~Y© mfvwU AbywôZ n‡qwQj †kvfvevRvi K¬v‡e| b‡M›`ª cÖmv` me©vwaKvix wQ‡jb AvBGdG Mfwb©s ewWi GKgvÎ fviZxq m`m¨|

1942 mv‡ji wjM P¨vw¤úqb Bó †e½j 1892 mv‡j fviZxq dzUej A¨v‡mvwm‡qkb cÖwZwôZ nIqvi m‡½ m‡½ ZrKvjxb c~e© evsjvi cÖvq cÖwZwU †Rjv µxov ms¯’v GB ms¯’vi m`m¨ nq| hw`I XvKv †Rjv µxov mwgwZ Gi Av‡MB mivmwi fvi‡Zi dzUej †dWv‡ik‡bi m`m¨ wQj| Gi KviY n‡jv XvKvi dzUej wQj A‡bK †ewk RbwcÖq I AvKl©Yxq| Zv Qvov c~e© evsjvi †L‡jvqvoiv wQ‡jb KjKvZvi dzUe‡ji cÖvY| 1893 mvj †_‡K ïiæ nq AvBGdG wkì| evOvwj `j wn‡m‡e cÖ_g wk‡ìi †Ljvq AskMÖn‡Yi my‡hvM cvq †kvfvevRvi| cÖ_g †Ljvq †kvfvevRvi 0-3 †Mv‡j †n‡iwQj iq¨vj AvwU©jvwii Kv‡Q| †kvfvevRvi KL‡bv wkì †R‡Zwb| Z‡e GUv wVK, Zviv evOvwj‡`i dzUe‡ji gva¨‡g HK¨e× K‡i‡Q| dzUe‡j iß n‡Z, †Lj‡Z Ges †`L‡Z AMÖYx f‚wgKv cvjb K‡i‡Q| evOvwj‡`i K¬ve †gvnbevMvb 1911 mv‡j cÖ_g AvBGdG wkì †R‡Z| †gvnvbevMvb ZLb †Lj‡Zv wØZxq wefvM dzUej jx‡M| 29 RyjvB 1911 dvBbv‡j †gvnbevMvb 2-1 †Mv‡j nvivq ˆdRvev‡`i B÷ BqK©kvqvi †iwR‡g›U‡K| †Ljvi gv‡V Bs‡iR‡`i weiæ‡× GB mvdj¨ evOvwj‡`i RvZxqZv‡ev‡a DØy× K‡i| †gvnbevMvb K¬v‡ei AwabvqK wQ‡jb dwi`cy‡ii wke`vm fv`ywo| wkì weRqx `‡ji GMv‡ivRb †L‡jvqv‡oi g‡a¨ `kRb wQ‡jb c~e© evsjvi mšÍvb| GB `‡ji

K¨vbfvm 84


1937 mv‡j XvKv mdiKvix †Kvwibw_qb `‡ji m‡½ wWGm G wUg †L‡jvqvoiv n‡jb: wke`vm fv`ywo, iv‡R›`ªbv_ †mb¸ß, bxjgvae fÆvPvh©, nxivjvj gyLvwR©, gb‡gvnb gyLvwR©, myaxi P¨vUvwR©, f‚wZ myKzj, hZx›`ªbv_ ivq, kÖxkP›`ª miKvi, Awfjvl †Nvl I weRq`vm fv`ywo| †gvnbevMvb 1911 mv‡ji ci 1923 mv‡j Avevi AvBGdG wk‡ìi dvBbv‡j D‡VwQj| †mevi Zviv civwRZ nq e„wó‡fRv gv‡V eyU civ K¨vjKvUv K¬v‡ei Kv‡Q| †gvnbevMvb Lvwj cv‡q †Lj‡Z †b‡g 0-3 †Mv‡j †n‡iwQj| G Qvov wØZxq evOvwj `j wn‡m‡e KzgviUzjx 1920 mv‡j AvBGdG wk‡ìi †mwgdvBbv‡j †gvnbevMvb‡K civwRZ K‡i dvBbv‡j I‡V| KzgviUzjx ZLb wØZxq wefv‡M dzUej †Lj‡Zv; wKš‘ dvBbv‡j KzgviUzjx we‡`wk `‡ji Kv‡Q civwRZ nq| Gici 1936 mv‡j †gvnv‡gWvb †¯úvwU©s AvBGdG wk‡ìi dvBbv‡j 2-1 †Mv‡j K¨vjKvUv K¬ve‡K civwRZ K‡i wØZxq fviZxq `j wn‡m‡e wkì Rq K‡i| GKwU †Mvj K‡iwQ‡jb iwk` Rywbqi| wZwb Qvov `‡j AviI wQ‡jb AwabvqK AveŸvm gxR©v, wmivRDwÏb †mwjg cÖgyL| iwk` Rywbqi I wmivRDwÏb e„nËi Kzwgjøvi mšÍvb| G mgq †gvnv‡gWvb K¬v‡ei †cÖwm‡W›U wQ‡jb m¨vi LvRv bvwRgDwÏb| mvaviY m¤úv`K LvRv byiDwÏb| Avi dzUej †m‡µUvwi wQ‡jb AvRgZ Avjx| 1898 mvj †_‡K ïiæ nq KjKvZvi wmwbqi wWwfkb dzUej jxM| 1914 mvj ch©šÍ jx‡M †LjZ †Kej wdwiw½ `j¸‡jv| 1915 mv‡j cÖ_g ¯’vbxq `j wn‡m‡e †gvnbevMvb `j AskMÖn‡Yi †hvM¨Zv AR©b K‡i| Gici Aci evOvwj K¬ve Gwiqvb my‡hvM cvq 1916 mv‡j| Gw`‡K 1915 mvj †_‡K XvKvq cÖ_g wefvM dzUej jxM ïiæ nq| `k-GMv‡ivwU `j cÖ_g wefv‡M †Lj‡Zv| XvKvi evB‡iI ZLb jxM I wk‡ìi †Ljv AbywôZ n‡Zv| 1915 mvj †_‡K gqgbwms‡n ïiæ nq m~h©KvšÍ wkì| c~e© evsjvi evB‡ii `jI †mLv‡b †L‡j‡Q| 1920 mv‡j XvKvq AbywôZ nq m¨vi †ivbvì‡m wk‡ìi RgRgvU Avmi| 1910 mv‡j XvKvi Iqvix K¬ve †KvPwenv‡ii ivRvi kw³kvjx `j‡K civwRZ K‡i| Gici 1914 mv‡j IqvixI AvBGdG wkì †Ljvi AbygwZ cvq| 1898 †_‡K 1903 mv‡ji g‡a¨ XvKvq MwVZ n‡q‡Q Iqvix, j²xevRvi, XvKv dvg© K¬ve, B÷GÛ K¬ve, igbv Gwm, Avigvwb‡Uvjv, nvU‡Lvjv Gwm, wf‡±vwiqv BZ¨vw` K¬ve| Iqvix K¬ve cÖwZôv K‡ib ivqevnv`yi my‡i›`ªbv_ ivq Ii‡d †gvbv ivq| wf‡±vwiqv K¬v‡ei cÖwZôvZviv n‡jb: Rwg`vi my‡ik P›`ª avg, b„‡cb ivq‡PŠayix, ivqevnv`yi †Kke P›`ª P¨vUvwR©, `x‡bk P›`ª e¨vbvwR© I mybxj Kzgvi †Nvl| ivRv †Mvcvj ivq cÖwZôv K‡ib iscy‡ii ZvRnvU K¬ve| bv‡Uvi K¬v‡ei cÖwZôvZv gnvivRv RMw`›`ªbv_ ivq| B÷‡e½j K¬v‡ei cÖwZôvZv (1920 mv‡j) Uv½vB‡ji bMicy‡ii Rwg`vi mZxk P›`ª ivq‡PŠayix| e¸ov UvDb K¬v‡ei (1896 mv‡j ZLb MøvW‡÷vb K¬ve) cÖwZôvZv n‡jb ivqevnv`yi iRbxKzgvi gRyg`vi| 1898 †_‡K 1933 mvj ch©šÍ KjKvZvi dzUej jx‡M ¯’vbxq †Kv‡bv `j jxM wk‡ivcv wRZ‡Z cv‡iwb| 1933 mv‡j †bvqvLvjxi nvweeyjøvn

evnvi †PŠayixi (cieZ©xKv‡j ivRbxwZwe`, gš¿x, µxov msMVK I mgvR‡mex) †bZ…‡Z¡ †gvnv‡gWvb wØZxq wefv‡M P¨vw¤úqb n‡q cÖ_g wefvM jx‡M (1934 mv‡j) †Ljvi my‡hvM cvq| Gici †gvnv‡gWvb 1934 †_‡K 1938 mvj ch©šÍ Uvbv cuvPevi jxM P¨vw¤úqb nq| †gvnv‡gWv‡bi GB K…wZZ¡ ïay gymjgvb m¤úª`vq bq, †MvUv fviZe‡l©i gvbyl‡K Av‡jvwoZ K‡i| Rb¥ †`q AvZ¥wek¦v‡miÑ Bs‡iR‡`i †Kej gv‡V bq, nviv‡bv m¤¢e ¯^vaxbZvi jovB‡qI| †gvnv‡gWvb 1939 mv‡ji jx‡M AvBGdGi m‡½ we‡iv‡a Rwo‡q c‡o jxM †_‡K m‡i `uvovq| bv n‡j Zviv GKUvbv 1941 mvj ch©šÍ jxM P¨vw¤úqb n‡Z cvi‡Zv| 1891 mv‡j cÖwZwôZ †gvnv‡gWvb ¯’vbxq `j¸‡jvi g‡a¨ cÖ_g wjM P¨vw¤úqb nIqv QvovI †ev¤^vB‡qi †ivfvm© Kvc I wmgjvi WzivÛ Kvc cÖ_g wR‡Z‡Q| G Qvov AvBGdG wkìI wR‡Z‡Q 1936 mv‡j| mËi `k‡K †gvnv‡gWv‡bi GKbvMv‡o cuvPevi jxM weR‡qi †iKW©wU †f‡O‡Q B÷‡e½j K¬ve| G K¬ve 1925 mv‡j cÖ_gev‡ii g‡Zv cÖ_g wWwfkb jx‡M †Ljvi my‡hvM cvq| cÖ_g g¨v‡PB 1-0 †Mv‡j nvivq †gvnbevMvb‡K| 1920 mv‡ji 3 RyjvB KjKvZvi dzUej BwZnv‡m GKwU ¯§iYxq w`b| Gw`b m~Pbv nq fviZxq ebvg BD‡ivwcqvb `‡ji g‡a¨ evwl©K g¨v‡Pi| wek †_‡K wÎk `k‡Ki †kl ch©šÍ AvšÍR©vwZK cÖwZ‡hvwMZv e‡j wPwýZ G g¨vPwU wQj †m mg‡q KjKvZvi me©v‡cÿv AvKl©Yxq I D‡ËRbvgq cÖwZØw›ØZv| cÖ_g evwl©K †Ljvq fviZxq `‡ji cÖwZwbwaZ¡ K‡ib wU ¸ß, †Mvô cvj, wewW P¨vUvwR©, ivq, G †Nvl, Gg `vk, mvgv`, Avi †mb, dRjyi ingvb, DgvcwZ Kzgvi Ges ¸n| IB g¨v‡P Zviv civwRZ nq 1-4 †Mv‡j| 1924 mv‡j Rywbqi B›Uvib¨vkbvj g¨v‡Pi cÖeZ©b nq| mvgv` wbe©vwPZ n‡qwQ‡jb fviZxq `‡ji AwabvqK| mvgv` ZLb BweAvi `‡ji †L‡jvqvo| †m eQi mvgv‡`i †ij `j wØZxq wefv‡M †b‡g hvq| 1924 mvj †_‡KB mvgv` n‡q D‡VwQ‡jb fviZ Z_v evOvwji dzUej gnvbvqK| cy‡iv K¨vwiqv‡i wmsnfvM †jvKPÿzi AšÍiv‡j dzUej †Lj‡jI 1918 †_‡K 1936 mvjÑ GB mgqUv wZwb wVKB AMwYZ dzUejiwm‡Ki `„wó AvKl©‡Y mÿg nb| mvgv‡`i †Ljvi cwic~Y© weKvk N‡UwQj `yB wek¦hy‡×i AšÍeZ©x mg‡q| cÖ_g fviZxq dzUejvi wn‡m‡e 1936-37 †gŠmy‡g evOvwj dzUejvi gn¤§` †mwjg ¯‹Uj¨vÛ †mjwUK K¬v‡ei n‡q †ek K‡qKwU g¨vP †L‡jb| Gw`‡K evsjv‡`‡ki KvRx mvjvDÏxb cÖ_g 1976 mv‡j nsKs †ckv`vi jx‡M †K‡ivwjb wnj `‡ji n‡q dzUej †Ljvi weij †MŠie AR©b K‡ib| GLb †_‡K kZ eQ‡iiI Av‡M ZrKvjxb GB evsjvq ïay †Rjv kni bq, A‡bK gnKzgv I _vbv kn‡iI dzUe‡ji PP©v wQj| wewfbœ ¯’v‡b wkì I Kv‡ci RgRgvU cÖwZ‡hvwMZv AbywôZ n‡Zv| Avgv‡`i gd¯^‡ji A‡bK K¬ve KjKvZv I fvi‡Zi wewfbœ ¯’v‡b AbywôZ cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq Ask wb‡q‡Q wbqwgZ| †gvnbevMvb, †gvnv‡gWvb, B÷‡e½j I Gwiqvb K¬ve wbqwgZfv‡e mdi K‡i‡Q †`‡ki wewfbœ ¯’v‡b, Ask wb‡q‡Q cÖ`k©bx Ges cÖwZ‡hvwMZvg~jK †Ljvq| weªwUk dzUe‡j P¨vw¤úqb HwZn¨evnx AvBwjsUb †Kvwibw_qvb Gdwm 1937 mv‡j ZrKvjxb fviZ md‡i G‡mwQj| †Kv‡bv weªwUk kw³kvjx `‡ji GUvB wQj cÖ_g mdi| †m mgq Zviv `ywU cÖ`k©bx g¨vP †Ljvi Rb¨ XvKvqI Av‡m| XvKvq Avmvi Av‡M fvi‡Zi Ab¨vb¨ ¯’v‡b †L‡j 36wU g¨v‡P AcivwRZ _vK‡jI Zviv GLv‡b cÖ_g aivkvqx nq| 1937 mv‡ji 21 b‡f¤^i mdiKvix `j XvKvi XvKv †¯úvwU©s A¨v‡mvwm‡qk‡bi

K¨vbfvm 85


Kv‡Q nv‡i 1-0 †Mv‡j| GKgvÎ †MvjwU K‡iwQ‡jb gqgbwms‡ni †MŠixcy‡ii †Q‡j cvLx †mb| XvKvi Iqvix K¬ve QvovI †L‡j‡Qb KjKvZvi †¯úvwU©s BDwbqb, B÷‡e½j, †ijI‡q, RR© †UwjMÖvd `‡j| GKmgq AvBGdGi Mfwb©s ewWi m`m¨ I wbe©vPK wQ‡jb| Aek¨ ciw`b †Kvwibw_qvb †R‡Z GKB e¨eav‡b| g¨vP `ywU‡Z †idvwi wQ‡jb ZrKvjxb XvKv †¯úvwU©s A¨v‡mvwm‡qk‡bi hyM¥ m¤úv`K LvRv †gvnv¤§` AvRgj| msea©bv Abyôv‡b †Kvwibw_qvb AwabvqK wcwe K¬vK© e‡jwQ‡jb, GZ w`b evsjvi i‡qj †e½j UvBMv‡ii K_v †Kej c‡owQ I ï‡bwQ| Avgvi †mŠfvM¨, †mB i‡qj †e½j UvBMv‡ii m‡½ gv‡V Avgvi cwiPq N‡U‡Q| XvKvi c‡ÿ †L‡jb Avi †evm, Avi gRyg`vi, †R miKvi, Gm wgÎ, †R `Ë, Avi †mb, Gm †Nvl, wc gyLvwR©, Gb Ki, wc †mb I we ivq †PŠayix| †L‡jvqvo‡`i g‡a¨ AvURb wQ‡jb wewfbœ wkÿvcÖwZôv‡bi QvÎ| evOvwj‡`i dzUe‡ji GKUv ¸iæZ¡c~Y© mg‡q c~e© evsjvi XvKvq weªwUk wmwfj mvR©b Ges wkÿvwe`iv ¯§iYxq f~wgKv cvjb K‡i‡Qb| Zuv‡`i g‡a¨ †RAvi †eøqvi, GBPAvi DBbwKbmb, †Kwe wKÛvi‡j, Gm Wª‡Ki, G Avi †cvU©vi, GdI †ej, wcwW †Kwj, G wn½m, Wb †RbwKbm, XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi `yRb DcvPvh© W. m¨vi dRjyi ingvb I W. gvngy` nvmvb, RMbœv_ K‡j‡Ri Z`vbxšÍb Aa¨ÿ ivqevnv`yi m‡Z¨b f`ª, XvKv B›UviwgwW‡qU K‡j‡Ri ZLbKvi Aa¨ÿ AvjZvd †nv‡mb, AvnmvbDjøvn BwÄwbqvwis K‡j‡Ri Z`vbxšÍb Aa¨ÿ wewm ¸ß cÖgyL| Wv. †RbwKbm, W. ghvnviæj nK I Aa¨vcK nvmvb XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi n‡q dzUejI †L‡j‡Qb| ALÐ fvi‡Z dzUe‡ji AwffveK AvBGdGi †cÖwm‡W›U wn‡m‡e `xN© eQi `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡i‡Qb Uv½vB‡ji m‡šÍv‡li Rwg`vi ivRv gb¥_ ivq‡PŠayix| Zuvi ¯§„wZi cÖwZ kÖ×v wb‡e`‡bi Rb¨I fviZxq dzUe‡ji RvZxq P¨vw¤úqbwk‡ci bvgKiY Kiv n‡q‡Q Ôm‡šÍvl Uªwd|Õ ZrKvjxb c~e© evsjvi Gm `Ë ivq I gnvivRv Kzgvi †mœnvòz AvPvh© †PŠayix (evi-A¨vU-j) AvBGdGi mfvcwZ wn‡m‡e `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡i‡Qb| G Qvov wewfbœ mgq AvBGdGi Mfwb©s ewW‡Z wQ‡jb c~e© evsjvi dzUej msMVKiv| 1936 mv‡j Px‡bi GKwU dzUej `j fviZ md‡i Av‡m| ZLb fvi‡Zi †Kv‡bv RvZxq dzUej `j wQj bv| †meviB cÖ_g RvZxq dzUej `j MVb Kiv nq Pxbv `‡ji weiæ‡× †Ljvi Rb¨| IB `‡ji 11 R‡bi g‡a¨ mvZRb wQ‡jb c~e© evsjvi evOvwj †L‡jvqvo| 1944 mv‡ji AvBGdG wk‡ìi ¯§iwYKv †_‡K Rvbv hvq, †m eQi AvBGdG wk‡ì ïay c~e© evsjv †_‡K †Lj‡Z wM‡qwQj XvKvi Iqvix, wf‡±vwiqv †¯úvwU©smn †gvU 11wU K¬ve| Ab¨ K¬ve¸‡jv wQj: e¸ov UvDb K¬ve, dwi`cyi K¬ve, Lyjbv UvDb K¬ve, Lyjbv BDwbqb †¯úvwU©s, gymwjg K¬ve, ewikvj wWGdG, Kzwóqvi wkeKvjx K¬ve, nweM‡Äi †d«Ûm K¬ve I eªvþYevwoqv UvDb K¬ve| GB AskMÖnY cÖgvY K‡i, ZLb †`‡k dzUej PP©v Ges K¬v‡ei c„ô‡cvlKZvi †Rvqvi| †mevi Iqvix K¬v‡ei n‡q †L‡jwQ‡jb GBP `vk, iwk`, I Gm †Nvl, Gm bvnvi, Gb `vm, GBP ZvjyK`vi, Gm †Nvl, G `vm, AvjvDwÏb, †Rvbm I AveŸvm| wZwi‡ki `k‡K fviZxq dzUe‡j KjKvZvi ciB wQj XvKvi Ae¯’vb| 1937-38 mv‡ji XvKv †¯úvwU©s A¨v‡mvwm‡qk‡bi 42 b¤^i evwl©K wi‡cv‡U© †m mgqKvi XvKvi dzUe‡ji K_v D‡jøL Kiv n‡q‡Q| IB mgq XvKvq cÖ_g, wØZxq I Z…Zxq wefvM dzUej jx‡Mi †Ljv AbywôZ n‡Zv| AbywôZ n‡Zv wiRvf© jxM I †ivbvì wk‡ìi †Ljv| cÖ_g wefvM jx‡M wQj 10wU `j| wØZxq wefv‡M 9wU, Z…Zxq wefv‡M 6wU Ges wiRvf© jx‡M 6wU `j| 1937 mv‡j cÖ_g wefv‡M wQj XvKv dvg© K¬ve, Iqvix K¬ve, XvKv nj, †gwW‡Kj, RMbœv_ B›Uvi, kvwšÍ †¯úvwU©s I Ab¨vb¨ K¬ve| wØZxq wefv‡M wQj BwÄwbqvwis ¯‹zj, gymwjg nj, RMbœv_ nj, wm‡×k¦ix, †gvnv‡gWvb,

nvU‡Lvjv Ges Ab¨vb¨ `j| Z…Zxq wefv‡M wQj B÷GÛ, BmjvwgK B›Uvi, e¨v‡Pjvm©, †nbv †¯úvwU©©s Ges AviI `ywU `j| wiRvf© jx‡M †L‡j‡Q XvKv nj, Iqvix, kvwšÍ †¯úvwU©s, XvKv B›Uvi Ges AviI `ywU `j| G Qvov †ivbvìm wk‡ì †L‡j‡Q 20wUi †ewk `j| BwZnvm µ‡gB †gvo wb‡q‡Q Ab¨w`‡K| 1947-G Bs‡iR fviZ †Q‡o hvIqvi mgq Rb¥ w`‡q †M‡Q `ywU †`‡kiÑ fviZ I cvwK¯Ívb| c~e© evsjv n‡q‡Q c~e© cvwK¯Ívb| c~e© evsjvi dzUe‡ji RbwcÖqZv KviI ARvbv wQj bv| evsjvi dzUej †L‡jvqvoivB ALÐ fvi‡Zi dzUej gvV‡K Av‡jvwKZ K‡i †i‡LwQ‡jb| A_P ¯^vaxb cvwK¯Ív‡b dzUe‡ji m`i `ßi ¯’vwcZ nq KivwP‡Z| 1947 mv‡ji 5 wW‡m¤^i cvwK¯Ívb dzUej †dWv‡ikb MwVZ nq| 1948 mv‡j cvwK¯Ívb dzUej †dWv‡ikb wddvi m`m¨c` jvf K‡i| LvRv kvnveywÏb I cvwK¯Ívb Gqvi‡dv‡m©i DBs KgvÛvi mywd‡K h_vµ‡g mfvcwZ I mvaviY m¤úv`K g‡bvbxZ K‡i cvwK¯Ívb dzUej †dWv‡ik‡bi hvÎv ïiæ| dzUe‡ji †nW‡KvqvU©vi KivwP Ges A¨vWnK dzUej †dWv‡ik‡b msMVK‡`i AšÍfz©w³ jÿ¨ K‡i eyS‡Z Amyweav nqwb, cvwK¯Ív‡bi dzUe‡j evOvwj‡`i Kx Ae¯’v n‡e| 1948 mv‡j cÖ_g RvZxq dzUe‡ji Avmi e‡m KivwP‡Z| dzUe‡ji RbwcÖqZvq XvKvi m‡½ KivwP †Kv‡bv ZzjbvB P‡j bv| ïiæ nq evOvwji dzUe‡ji nZvkv`xY© Aa¨v‡qi| Gw`‡K 1948 mvj †_‡K XvKvq Avevi ïiæ nq HwZn¨evnx cÖ_g wefvM dzUej jxM| †`k wefv‡Mi Kvi‡Y µxov½‡b e¨vcK cwieZ©b n‡jI AwZ Aí mg‡qi g‡a¨ msMVK I †L‡jvqvo‡`i cÖ‡Póvq Zv m¤¢e n‡qwQj| cÖ_gevi jxM P¨vw¤úqb nq wf‡±vwiqv †¯úvwU©s K¬ve| GB K¬v‡ei Rb¥ 1903 mv‡j| 1949 mv‡j jxM P¨vw¤úqb Bwc wRgLvbv| wk‡ivcv R‡qi †cQ‡b `‡ji GKK ˆbcy‡Y¨i Ae`vb wQj †ewk| 1950 I 1951 mv‡j P¨vw¤úqb nq HwZn¨evnx IqvÛvivm© K¬ve| 1952 mv‡j P¨vw¤úqb nq wewR †cÖm| 1952 mv‡jB cvwK¯Ív‡bi RvZxq dzUe‡ji Avmi e‡m XvKvq| XvKvq AbywôZ RvZxq dzUej †m mgq e¨vcK mvov RvMvq| 1953 †_‡K 1956 mvj ch©šÍ XvKvi jxM wk‡ivcv wQj Iqvìvivm© K¬v‡ei `L‡j| 1957 mv‡j cÖ_ gev‡ii g‡Zv jxM wk‡ivcv jvf K‡i †gvnv‡gWvb| Gi ci †_‡K GB `jwU eQ‡ii ci eQi a‡i `vc‡Ui m‡½ dzUej †L‡j‡Q| wewfbœ mgq wewfbœ K¬ve †gvnv‡gWv‡bi m‡½ jxM wk‡ivcv jovB‡q cvjøv w`‡q‡Q Ges GKmgq wcwQ‡qI †M‡Q| 1958 mv‡j K‡jR I wek¦we`¨vj‡qi Qv·`i wb‡q `j MVb K‡i iYwRZ `v‡mi †bZ…‡Z¡ AvRv` †¯úvwU©©s jxM P¨vw¤úqb nevi †MŠie AR©b K‡i| G †`‡ki evOvwj‡`i dzUej Dbœq‡b AvRv` †¯úvwU©s K¬v‡ei ewjô f‚wgKv wPi¯§iYxq| 1955 mv‡j XvKvq fviZ, cvwK¯Ívb, evg©v I wmsnj‡K (GLbKvi bvg kÖxj¼v) wb‡q †KvqvWªv½yjvi dzUe‡ji Avmi e‡m| †mevi XvKv gv‡Z cÖ_g GB AvšÍR©vwZK dzUej Avm‡i| fviZ 4-3 †Mv‡j Rqx n‡qwQj| cvwK¯Ívb `‡j evOvwj †L‡jvqvo wQ‡jb PviRb: bex †PŠayix, AviRy, Ave`yi iwng I ZvRyj Bmjvg gvbœv| 1958 mvj †_‡K XvKvq AvMv Lvb †Mvì Kvc bv‡g AvšÍR©vwZK K¬ve Uzb©v‡g›U ïiæ nq| AvšÍR©vwZK GB cÖwZ‡hvwMZv G †`‡k dzUej‡K RbwcÖq I Gwkqvi wewfbœ †`‡k cwiwPZ Ki‡Z mvnvh¨ K‡i‡Q| AvMv Lvb †Mvì Kv‡ci gva¨‡gB XvKv Gwkqvb dzUe‡ji Zx_©‡ÿÎ wn‡m‡e cwiwPZ n‡Z †c‡i‡Q| Gwkqvb dzUej Kb‡dWv‡ikb me mgq GB cÖwZ‡hvwMZv‡K ¸iæ‡Z¡i †Pv‡L †`‡L‡Q Ges Zv‡`i †iwUs‡q Ic‡i †i‡L‡Q| fvi‡Zi AvBGdG wk‡ìi wQj `xN© HwZn¨| Zv m‡Ë¡I 1958 †_‡K 1970 mvj ch©šÍ AbywôZ AvMv Lvb †Mvì Kv‡c eQ‡ii ci eQi we‡`wk K¬ve¸‡jv Ask †bqvq GB Avmi GKmgq `wÿY-c~e© Gwkqvi AZxe ¸iæZ¡c~Y© Uzb©v‡g‡›U cwiYZ nq| ¯’vbxq `j¸‡jvi g‡a¨ XvKv †gvnv‡gWvb †¯úvwU©s K¬ve me©vwaKevi AvMv Lvb †Mvì Kvc wR‡Z‡Q| 1967 mv‡j cvwK¯Ívb, Bivb I Zzi‡¯‹i AskMÖn‡Y XvKvq AbywôZ AviwmwW dzUej `viæY mvov RvMvq| 1948 †_‡K 1970 mvj ch©šÍ XvKvi jx‡M Iqvìvivm©, †gvnv‡gWvb I wf‡±vwiqv GKmgq Wwg‡bU

K¨vbfvm 86


K‡i‡Q| Zvici ga¨ lvU `k‡K G‡m‡Q BwcAvBwWwm| cÂvk `k‡Ki †k‡li w`‡K gvKivbx dzUejviiv XvKvi jx‡M †Ljvi Rb¨ Avm‡Z ïiæ K‡ib| dzUej †LjvUvB wQj G‡`i RxweKv| GKmgq gvKivbx‡`i Rb¨ evOvwjiv Ae‡nwjZ n‡q‡Qb| Zviv XvKvq †L‡j cvwK¯Ívb RvZxq `‡j ¯’vb K‡i wb‡q‡Q| A_P lvU `k‡Ki †Mvovq evOvwj bq, gvKivbxivB XvKvi K¬ve¸‡jvi eo fimv n‡q `uvovq| 1962 mv‡j wf‡±vwiqv †¯úvwU©s AcivwRZ jxM P¨vw¤úqb, AvMv Lvb †Mvì Kvc, ¯^vaxbZv w`em dzUej Ges †gvnv¤§` Avjx wkì P¨vw¤úqb| Zv‡`i GB mvd‡j¨ wQj AevOvwj dzUejvi‡`i f‚wgKv| 1954 mv‡j wdwjcvB‡bi g¨vwbjv Gwkqvb †Mg‡m cvwK¯Ívb RvZxq dzUej `j cÖ_gev‡ii g‡Zv Ask †bq| †mevi RvZxq `‡j wQ‡jb `yRb evOvwjÑ mv‡ne Avjx I bex †PŠayix| 1958 mv‡ji †UvwKI Gwkqvb †Mg‡m dzUe‡j cÖ_g evOvwj wn‡m‡e cvwK¯Ívb RvZxq `‡ji Awabvq‡Ki `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡ib bex †PŠayix| GB `‡j wZwb QvovI Avkivd, gvix, Kexi, MRbex I gÄyi nvmvb wg›Uz `‡j wQ‡jb| cvwK¯Ív‡bi 24 eQ‡i gvÎ 24 Rb evOvwj dzUejvi cvwK¯Ívb RvZxq `‡j †L‡j‡Qb| Zuviv n‡jb: mv‡ne Avjx, Zvivc`, bex †PŠayix, dRjyi ingvb AviRy, Ave`yi inxg, ZvRyj Bmjvg gvbœv, Gg. Iqv‡R` Avjx wgqvwR, gvix, Avkivd †PŠayix, Kexi, gÄyi nvmvb wg›Uz, MRbex, Aveyj Lv‡qi, †m‡K›`vi Avjx, Rwniæj nK, †`ebv_, ejvB †`, cÖZvc ksKi nvRiv, nvwdRDwÏb Avng`, †Mvjvg mviIqvi wUcy, knx`yi ingvb †PŠayix kv›Uz, RvKvwiqv wc›Uz, KvRx gvngy` nvmvb I †gv. byiæbœex| GKvˇi evOvwj dzUejviiv gyw³hyׇK wek¦e¨vcx RbgZ M‡o †Zvjvi †ÿ‡Î AmvaviY f~wgKv cvjb K‡i‡Qb| GB bwRi Avi †Kv‡bv †`‡ki ¯^vaxbZvhy‡×i BwZnv‡m Av‡Q wK bv, Zv Rvbv †bB| A¯¿ nv‡Z hy‡×i cvkvcvwk dzUej gvV †_‡K ¯^vaxbZvi Rb¨ j‡o‡Qb dzUejviiv| ¯^vaxbZvhy‡×i Rb¨ A_© msMÖn K‡i‡Qb| 1971 mv‡ji 24 RyjvB †_‡K wW‡m¤^i gvm ch©šÍ RvKvwiqv wc›Uzi †bZ…‡Z¡ fvi‡Zi wewfbœ ¯’v‡b †gvU 16wU g¨vP †L‡j ¯^vaxb evsjv dzUej `j| Õ71 mv‡ji 24 RyjvB dzUejviivB cÖ_g AvbyôvwbKfv‡e fvi‡Zi gvwU‡Z cZvKv Iovb| b`xqvi K…òbMi †÷wWqv‡g 10 wgwb‡Ui Rb¨ evsjv‡`‡ki cZvKv Iov‡bv nq| ¯^vaxb evsjv dzUej `‡ji cÖ_g g¨vP wQj †mUv| b`xqv †Rjv GKv`‡ki wec‡ÿ| g¨vPwU 2-2 †Mv‡j Wª n‡qwQj| †Mvj `ywU K‡iwQ‡jb Gbv‡qZ I kvnRvnvb| 16wU g¨v‡Pi g‡a¨ ¯^vaxb evsjv dzUej `j †R‡Z 12wU‡Z, Wª GKwU Avi †n‡i‡Q wZbwU g¨v‡P| ¯^vaxb evsjv `‡j wQ‡jb RvKvwiqv wc›Uz (AwabvqK), cÖZvc ksKi nvRiv (mn-AwabvqK), Avjx Bgvg, Kvq‡Kvev`, Ag‡jk †mb, AvBbyj nK, †kL Avkivd Avjx, wegj Ki, kvnRvnvb Avjg, gbmyi Avjx, KvRx mvjvDwÏb, Gbv‡qZzi ingvb, †K Gg bI‡kiæ¾vgvb, myfvl mvnv, dR‡j mv`vBb †LvKb, Aveyj nvwKg, ZmwjgDwÏb †kL, Avwgbyj Bmjvg, Ave`yi gwgb †Rvqvi`vi, gwbiæ¾vgvb †cqviv, mvËvi, cÖvY †Mvwe›` KzÐy, gwRei ingvb, L›`Kvi byiæbœex, jyrdi ingvb, Awbiæ× P¨vUvwR©, mÄxe Kzgvi †`, gvngy`yi iwk`,

mvB`yi ingvb c¨v‡Uj, †`Iqvb †gvnv¤§` wmivRDwÏb I wbnvi KvwšÍ `vm| dzUej `‡ji g¨v‡bRvi wQ‡jb ZviKv wµ‡KUvi Zvbfxi gvRnvi Zvbœv| ¯^vaxbZv-cieZ©x 43 eQ‡ii evOvwji dzUej ch©v‡jvPbvq A‡bK K_vB wjL‡Z nq, hv †QvU cwim‡i m¤¢e bq| ZvB ms‡ÿ‡c Av‡jvPbv Kiv Qvov †Kv‡bv Dcvq †bB| ¯^vaxb evsjv‡`‡k evOvwj‡`i †mB gv‡Vi dzUej nvwi‡q †M‡Q| †`kRy‡o dzUe‡ji PP©v Ges cÖwZ‡hvwMZvg~jK †Ljv GLb Zjvwb‡Z| dzUej‡K †Kv‡bviK‡g euvwP‡q ivLv n‡q‡Q| dzUej‡K wN‡i †bB †mB Av‡eM Avi Db¥v`bv| GB gyg~l©cÖvq Ae¯’vi †bc‡_¨ i‡q‡Q mvsMVwbK A`ÿZv, mwVK cwiKíbv ev¯Íevq‡b e¨_©Zv| Avwk †_‡K beŸB‡qi gvSvgvwS XvKvi dzUej jxM wN‡i mvaviY gn‡ji wQj cÖPÐ Drmvn| we‡klZ XvKv jx‡M Avevnbx I †gvnv‡gWv‡bi †Ljv gv‡bB wQj Ab¨ iKg D‡ËRbv| A_P Avevnbx I †gvnv‡gWv‡bi †Ljv AvR Avi `k©K Uvb‡Z cv‡i bv| Avevnbx, †gvnv‡gWv‡bi ci eªv`vm© BDwbqb, gyw³‡hv×v msm`, †kL iv‡mj µxov Pµ, †kL Rvgvj MZ K‡qK eQ‡i †Kv‡bv ai‡bi dzUej †L‡j‡Q? MZ c‡b‡iv †_‡K wek eQ‡i evOvwj dzUejvi‡`i KqR‡bi bvg ¯§iY K‡i ej‡Z cvi‡eb dzUejiwmKiv, hv‡`i †Ljv Zv‡`i bRi †K‡o‡Q? †`wk-we‡`wk †KvP wb‡qvM Avi we`vq wKš‘ dzUe‡ji gv‡bvbœq‡b †Kv‡bv f‚wgKv iv‡Lwb| dzUej‡K PvOv Kivi D‡`¨vM¸‡jv djcÖm~ nqwb| GGdwmi Pvwn`v Abyhvqx †ckv`vi jxM Pvjy Kiv n‡jI †Kv‡bv dj †g‡jwb| †`kRy‡o GLb gv‡Vi Afve| GKK_vq w`KåvšÍ GLb evOvwji cÖv‡Yi †Ljv| GLv‡b GKUz ms‡hvRb cÖ‡qvRb, 1972 mv‡ji 15 RyjvB MwVZ nq evsjv‡`k dzUej †dWv‡ikb| Gwkqvb dzUej Kb‡dWv‡ik‡bi cÖwfkbvj m`m¨c` cvq 1973 mv‡ji 10 AvM÷| Pzqvˇii Rvbyqvwi‡Z wddvi mfvq GGdwmi m`m¨c` Aby‡gvw`Z nq| Ryb gv‡m evsjv‡`k dzUej †dWv‡ikb wddvi cÖwfkbvj m`m¨c` cvq| Avi 10-15 Ryb d«v¼dz‡U© AbywôZ wddv Ks‡MÖ‡m evsjv‡`‡ki m`m¨c` Aby‡gvw`Z nq| 1973 mv‡j gvj‡qwkqvq AbywôZ 19Zg gvi‡`Kv dzUe‡j RvKvwiqv wc›Uzi †bZ…‡Z¡ evsjv‡`k RvZxq `j cÖ_gev‡ii g‡Zv AvšÍR©vwZK dzUe‡j Ask †bq| †mevi wm½vcyi I wf‡qZbv‡gi weiæ‡× 1-1 †Mv‡j Wª K‡i| nv‡i Kz‡qZ, evg©v I _vBj¨v‡Ûi Kv‡Q| IB `‡j wQ‡jb: knx`yi ingvb mv›Uz, Ave`yi †gvZv‡je, †kL Avkivd Avjx, bvwRi Rywbqi, Ave`yj nvwKg, dviæKz¾vgvb dviæK, w`jxc Kzgvi eo–qv, g‡bvqvi †nv‡mb bvbœy, †gv. Kvq‡Kvev`, kixdz¾vgvb, cÖZvc k¼i nvRiv, RvKvwiqv wc›Uz (AwabvqK), KvRx mvjvDwÏb, Gbv‡qZzi ingvb, mybxj K…ò †`, bI‡kiæ¾vgvb I †gv. wd‡ivR Kexi| 1978 mvj wQj evsjv‡`‡ki dzUe‡ji Rb¨ NUbveûj| †mevi 18 †`‡ki AskMÖn‡Y XvKvq AbywôZ nq 20Zg Gwkqvb hye dzUej cÖwZ‡hvwMZv| Gwkqvb hye †¯‹vqv‡W evsjv‡`k `‡j wQ‡jb: mynvl eoyqv, gCbyj Kwig, †`Iqvb kvgmyj Av‡iwdb (UzUzj), Aveyj †nv‡mb, ¯^cb Kzgvi `vm, †gv. †gv¯Ídv †nv‡mb (gdzj), †gv. ev`j, Kvqmvi Avjx, †gv. gnwmb (AwabvqK), Ave`ym mvjvg, Avkxl f`ª, †kL †gv. Avmjvg, nvmvby¾vgvb evejy, KvRx Av‡bvqvi †nv‡mb, nvmvb Avn‡g`yj nK (nvmvb), †Mvjvg iveŸvbx †njvj I Ave`ym mvjvg gy‡k©`x| MZ 43 eQ‡ii dzUe‡j evOvwj‡`i mdjZv n‡jv GKevi K‡i mvd †Mgm I mvd dzUe‡ji (h_vµ‡g 1999 I 2003 mv‡j) wk‡ivcv AR©b| Gi evB‡i cy‡iv RvwZ‡K Av‡jvwoZ Kivi g‡Zv †Kv‡bv mdjZv †bB| AvšÍR©vwZK dzUej MÖv‡d Avgv‡`i Ae¯’vb wbZvšÍ boe‡o| dzUej‡K GwM‡q wb‡q Pjvi Rb¨ †h ai‡bi A½xKvi, `„pZv I D‡`¨vM cÖ‡qvRb, Zv G‡Kev‡iB †bB| evOvwj‡`i †cQ‡b hviv wQj, Zviv mevB Uc‡K †M‡Q| evOvwji dzUej-mvdj¨ GLb †KejB ¯§„wZ| ej‡Z wØav †bB, dzUe‡j evsjv‡`‡ki GwM‡q hvIqvi mg~n m¤¢vebv _vK‡jI mvsMVwbK e¨_©Zvq Zv m¤¢e nqwb| AZGe Avgiv i‡qwQ †mB wZwg‡iB| †jLK: †¯úvU©m Kjvwg÷ I we‡kølK Qwe †mŠRb¨: †jLK

¯^vaxbevsjv dzUej `j

K¨vbfvm 87


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K¨vbfvm 94


nq|Õ dzUej †h eªvwRwjqvb‡`i i‡³ wg‡k Av‡Q, †mwU Av‡iKevi g‡b Kwi‡q w`‡jb 1994 I 2002 wek^KvcRqx `‡ji m`m¨ Kvdz| Zuvi wek^vm, eªvwR‡ji ms¯‹…wZ Avi dzUej wg‡jwg‡k GKvKvi| wek^Kvc-m½xZwU wek^evmxi mvg‡b †mB evZ©vB cÖPvi Ki‡e| †PŠ‡Kvbv meyR gq`v‡b wddv wek^Kvc gvZv‡eb wjI‡bj †gwm, †bBgvi, wµw÷qv‡bv †ivbvj‡`vi g‡Zv wek^‡miv dzUejvi| wKš‘ 12 Ryb †_‡K 13 RyjvB †MvUv `ywbqvi `k©K‡K dzUej-D‡ËRbvi m‡½ my‡ii euva‡b †eu‡a ivL‡e wek^Kvc-m½xZ| wek^Kvc dzUej wb‡q †`‡k †`‡k Mvb ˆZwi n‡e A‡bK| Z‡e wddv Zv‡`i I‡qemvB‡Ui gva¨‡g Rvwb‡q‡Q, eªvwRj wek^Kvc-m½xZ †M‡q‡Qb †jv‡cR, wcUeyj I K¬w`qv| GB Îqx‡K wb‡q fxlY D”Q¡wmZ wddv mfvcwZ †mc eøvUvi| wZwb e‡j‡Qb, ÔMvbwU‡Z Avwg Lyu‡R †c‡qwQ MwZ, kw³gËv Avi wPi‡Pbv cÖv‡Yv”QjZv| G iKg GKwU MvbB Avgiv LyuRwQjvg wek^Kv‡ci Rb¨| m½xZB cv‡i dzUe‡ji RvMiY‡K me‡P‡q fv‡jvfv‡e Zz‡j ai‡Z|Õ ÔDB Avi IqvbÕ wk‡ivbv‡gi MvbwU wjL‡Z †Rwbdvi †jv‡cR, wcUeyj I K¬w`qv †jB‡Z‡K mn‡hvwMZv K‡i‡Qb Ugvm †Uv‡qj‡mb, W¨vwb gvm©vi, wmqv dvj©vi, jyKvm †MvUIqvì©, †nbwi Iqvëvi I bvw`i LvqvZ| wek^Kv‡ci cÖv°v‡j MvbwU evwYwR¨Kfv‡e evRv‡i Avm‡Z cv‡i wddv Iqvì© Kvc A¨vjev‡g| GB A¨vjevg †_‡K cvIqv A_© Rgv n‡e myweavewÂZ wkï‡`i wkÿv I wPwKrmv mnvqZvq| wcUeyj I †jB‡Z `yR‡bi Rb¨ wek^Kv‡ci Mvb MvIqvi AwfÁZv GeviB cÖ_g| †Q‡j‡`i wek^Kv‡c GUv †jv‡c‡Ri MvIqv cÖ_g Mvb n‡jI AwfÁZvUv Zuvi Kv‡Q G‡Kev‡i bZzb bq| 1999 mv‡j wddv bvix wek^Kvc dzUe‡j Zuvi MvIqv Ô†jUm †MU jvDWÕ e¨envi Kiv n‡qwQj| beŸB‡qi `kK †_‡K †Rwbdvi Zuvi Mv‡bi Rb¨ weL¨vZ| †M‡q‡Qb bvbv fvlvq, bvbv †`‡k| 2014 wek^Kvc-m½xZ Zuvi L¨vwZi gyKz‡U Av‡iKwU cvjK †hvM Ki‡Q| wek¦Kv‡ci w_g ms wb‡q †jv‡c‡Ri e³e¨, ÔdzUej n‡”Q †mB †Ljv, hv RvwZag©-eY© I abx-Mwie mevB‡K wb‡q Av‡m GK KvZv‡i| †mB †Ljvi ˆewk¦K Avm‡i Mvb MvIqvi my‡hvM Avgvi Rb¨ A‡bK eo cvIqv| Mv‡b Mv‡b dzUe‡ji gwngv mevB‡K AviI GKevi g‡b Kwi‡q w`‡Z PvB| ˆewk^K HK¨, cÖwZ‡hvwMZv I †Ljvi Rb¨ GwU GK `viæY D`&hvcb|Õ AviI e‡j‡Qb, ÔAvwg †e‡o D‡VwQ dzUejcvMj evwo‡Z| wcUeyj I K¬w`qv †jB‡Zi m‡½ D‡™^vabx Abyôv‡b cvidg© Ki‡ev †f‡e fxlY †ivgvwÂZ|Õ 2014 wek^Kv‡ci w_g ms m¤ú‡K© †ev×v‡`i e³e¨, MvbwU‡Z cvIqv †M‡Q jvwZb Av‡gwiKvi ¯^v`| Gi Q›` jvwZb Av‡gwiKvi A`g¨ Rxebxkw³ Avi cÖvYcÖvPz‡h©i K_vB g‡b Kwi‡q †`q| AvcwbI wek¦Kvc ïiæi Av‡M MvbwU ï‡b PvOv n‡q DV‡Z cv‡ib| wfwRU KiæbÑ http://www.youtube.com/

Kv‡j©vm Kv‡gwbi g‡Zv ZviKviv| Z‡e Gevi wZwb w_g ms bv MvB‡jI Av‡Qb wek¦Kv‡ci Avm‡i| GeviI MvB‡Qb wek¦Kv‡ci Mvb| wek^Kvc dzUej Dcj‡ÿ bZzb Mvb †eu‡a‡Qb kvwKiv| Aek¨ fz‡j †M‡j Pj‡e bv, Zvi †cÖwgK wc‡K †¯úb RvZxq `‡ji †L‡jvqvo| †mB wc‡KB wj‡L‡Qb kvwKivi bZzb wek^Kvc-m½xZ| bZzb MvbwUi wk‡ivbvg Ôjv jv jvÕ| Aek¨ GwU wddvi Awdwkqvj †Kv‡bv Mvb bq| Zv‡Z Kx, MvbUv †Zv kvwKivi| So Zzj‡Z Zuvi bvgB †h h‡_ó! wb‡Ri bZzb Mvb wb‡q h‡_ó D”Q¡wmZ kvwKiv e‡j‡Qb, ÔGUv LyeB DuPz Q‡›`i, eªvwRjxq auv‡Pi GKUv Mvb| Mv‡bi K_v e¨w³MZ, wek^Kv‡ci Rb¨ MvbwU evwb‡qwQ|Õ MvbwU‡Z Zvi †Q‡j wgjvbI myi wgwj‡q‡Q e‡j Rvbv‡jb kvwKiv, ÔAvwg ÷zwWI‡Z KvR Kivi mgq wgjvb Av‡m| I‡K †Kv‡j Zz‡j wbB| MvbwU ïb‡Z ïb‡Z †mI ¸b¸wb‡q I‡V|Õ

c„w_exUv Avgv‡`i

2010 wek^Kvc cÖPviYvq †KvKv-†Kvjv e¨envi K‡iwQj †mvgvjxq es‡kv™¢‚Z KvbvwWqvb wncnc MvqK †Kbv‡bi Mvb| ÔI‡qwfs d¬¨vMÕ wk‡ivbv‡gi MvbwUI MYgva¨‡gi myev‡` Avb-Awdwkqvj wek^Kvc-m½xZ wn‡m‡e RbwcÖq nq| GeviI †KvKv-†Kvjv 2014 wek^Kvc cÖPviYvi Rb¨ ˆZwi Kwi‡q‡Q GKwU Mvb| Gi wk‡ivbvg Ô`¨ Iqvì© BR AvIqvimÕ ev Ôc„w_exUv Avgv‡`iÕ| wek^Kvc dzUe‡ji Av‡qvRK †`k eªvwR‡ji HwZn¨evnx mv¤^v Avi e¨v‡j dvsK bv‡Pi Q›` I †UK‡bv †eªMv Mv‡bi my‡ii m‡½ m½wZ †i‡L ˆZwi n‡q‡Q MvbwU| G‡Z KÉ w`‡q‡Qb wi‡qwjwU †kv ÔG·-d¨v±iÕ-Gi dvBbvwj÷ I eªvwR‡ji cviKvkb Uªyc Ôg‡bv‡eøv‡KvÕi MvqK †WwfW Kzwi| MvbwUi K_v wj‡L‡Qb iK gvwdqv Avi myi w`‡q‡Qb eªvwRjxq es‡kv™¢‚Z gvwiI K¨vj`v‡Zv Rywbqi| GwU GLb †kvbv hv‡”Q www.cokeurl.com/worldisours I‡qemvB‡U| GB Mvb wb‡q MZ eQ‡ii b‡f¤^‡i evsjv‡`k Ny‡i †M‡Qb †WwfW Kzwi| MZ wek^Kv‡ci g‡Zv GeviI nq‡Zv †`Lv †h‡Z cv‡i, ÔDB Avi IqvbÕ MvbwUi g‡ZvB mgvb RbwcÖqZv †c‡q †M‡Q kvwKivi Ôjv jv jvÕ wKsev †WwfW Kzwii Ô`¨ Iqvì© BR AvIqvimÕ| wek^Kv‡ci gvmRy‡o †hLv‡b gv‡V Mov‡e dzUej, †mLv‡bB evR‡e ÔDB Avi IqvbÕ, kvwKivi Ôjv jv jvÕ wKsev Ô`¨ Iqvì© BR AvIqvimÕ| evsjv‡`‡ki dzUejf³‡`i g‡a¨I wek^Kv‡ci Dš§v`bv evwo‡q †`‡e Mvb¸‡jv| dzUej Avi m½xZ wg‡j m„wó n‡e Rxe‡bi bZzb HKZvb| Zv‡Z KÉ †gjv‡e mviv `ywbqv| hvi gg©evYxÑ ÔAwfbœ c„w_ex‡Z Avgiv mevB GKÕ|

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Av‡Qb kvwKivI

2010 wek^Kv‡c w_g ms †M‡qwQ‡jb kvwKiv| Avi †mB ÔIqvKv IqvKvÕ Mv‡bi wgDwRK wfwWI‡Z Ask wb‡qwQ‡jb wjI‡bj †gwm, `vwb Avj‡fm, ivdv‡qj gvi‡KR, †RivW©,

K¨vbfvm 95

Qwe: B›Uvi‡bU


w`b‡k‡l Avwg dzUejvi

WvqvjwR

†Q‡j‡ejvi `yi¯Í Zvi WzemuvZv‡i Avi ˆbnvwUi ¯‹zjgv‡V dzUej wb‡q| †hŠe‡b mviv‡`k gvwZ‡q‡Qb WR, wWªewbs Avi jÿ¨‡f`x wK‡K| evwK Rxe‡bi Mí bv ïb‡j wK P‡j? nu¨v, Ave`ym mvjvg gy‡k©`x| wb‡Ri cÖR‡š§i †miv GK dzUejvi| msMVK| weR‡bmg¨vb| Z‡e dzUejB Zvi Avw` I AK…wÎg| RMbœv_ wek¦v‡mi m‡½ AvjvcPvwiZvq †mB Rxe‡bi RjQwe

K¨vbfvm: K¨vwiqv‡i Avcbvi GZ euvK, †Kv_v †_‡K ïiæ Ki‡ev, G wb‡q wØav KvR Ki‡Q| ˆkk‡ei K_v †_‡KB ïiæ †nvK| bvwK? gy‡k©`x: ûg&, Avgvi ˆkke gv‡b b`xi Mí| Avgv‡`i MÖv‡gi evwo Lyjbv †Rjvi ˆbnvwU MÖv‡g| cv‡kB iƒcmv b`x| †Q‡j‡ejvq Avgiv IB b`x muvZ‡i cvi nZvg| fiv, _B_B... A‡bK †XD wQj| fq †h GK`g †cZvg bv, Zv bq| iƒcmv b`x‡Z ZLb ïïK †`Lv †hZ| Avgiv Im‡e åæ‡ÿc KiZvg bv| K¨vbfvm: dzUe‡ji m‡½ cwiPq Kxfv‡e? gy‡k©`x: Avgv‡`i cwieviUvB A¨v_‡jwUK cwievi| evev hw`I wQ‡jb ¯‹zjwkÿK| eo fvB cvwK¯Ívb Avg‡j fv‡iv‡Ëvj‡b †Mvì †g‡Wj †c‡q‡Qb| Avgvi fvweI bvgKiv A¨v_‡jU wQ‡jb| Avgv‡`i wQj Qq fvB-†ev‡bi msmvi| †g‡Rv fvB ïay dzUej †Lj‡Zb| Avwg Aek¨ GB †Ljv ïiæ Kwi evevi Drmv‡n| ˆbnvwUi ¯‹zzjgv‡V dzUej cv‡q †e‡o IVvi mgq evevB wQ‡jb Avgvi GKgvÎ Aby‡cÖiYv| K¨vbfvm: wb‡Ri dzUej-`ÿZv we‡klfv‡e †Ui †c‡jb K‡e? gy‡k©`x: Avm‡j Avgv‡`i †e‡o IVv IiKg wnmve †g‡b nqwb| g‡b co‡Q, ¯‹zz‡ji QvÎve¯’vq Ab¨ MÖv‡g dzUej g¨vP †Lj‡Z wM‡qwQjvg| Avwg fv‡jv †Ljvq `j wR‡ZwQj| †KD GKRb nv‡Z ¸u‡R w`‡qwQj `k UvKvi †bvU| Gici eqm Av‡iKUz evo‡jv| Lyjbvi gymwjg e‡qR †¯úvwU©s K¬v‡ei c‡ÿ †Lj‡Z ïiæ Kijvg| ZLb Lyjbv †gvnv‡gWv‡bi bvg wQj gymwjg e‡qR| g‡b Av‡Q, cÖ_g g¨vP †L‡j Avwg c‡b‡iv k UvKv †c‡qwQjvg| †mvRv evwo‡Z G‡m gv-evevi nv‡Z †mB UvKv Zz‡j †`Iqvi Avb›` AvRI g‡b Av‡Q| ï‡bwQjvg, gvby‡li Lywk gy‡L dz‡U I‡V| Avgvi cÖ_g Avq nv‡Z †c‡q gv-evev †h Kx Lywk n‡qwQ‡jb, Zv ejvi bq| IB NUbvi K_v Avwg †Kv‡bv w`b fzje bv| `ÿZv


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K¨vbfvm 99

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K¨vbfvm 101

†gwmi wejvmeûj, AZ¨vaywbK Mvwo| Gi †fZ‡i A¨vjywgwbqvg wUªg, Pvgov e¨envi Kiv n‡q‡Q| 18 Bw PvKv, f‡qm A¨vw±‡f‡UW †bwf‡Mkb wm‡÷g, eøyUz_mn AviI A‡bK my‡hvM-myweav G‡Z i‡q‡Q| Zuvi e¨enƒZ †divwi Gd‡dvi w_ª wR‡iv ¯úvBWv‡ii `vg GK jvL 38 nvRvi Wjvi| G‡Z wfGBU BwÄb Ges wKQz wejvmeûj mvgMÖx ms‡hvwRZ| G Qvov †gwmi WR PvR©vi, AwW wKD‡m‡fb, AwW AviGBU ¯úvBWvi, U‡qvUv wcÖqvm eª¨v‡Ûi Mvwo Av‡Q| dzUejvi w÷‡db †RivW© Mvwo msMÖn Ki‡Z fv‡jvev‡mb| Zuvi M¨v‡i‡R i‡q‡Q †iÄ †ivfvi †¯úvU©, gvwm©wWR †eb&R GmGj‡K, A¨v÷b gvwU©b f¨vbKzBk| Z‡e †e›Uwj Kw›U‡b›Uvj wRwUwm Zuvi cÖ_g cQ›`| GB †¯úvU© KviwU eZ©gv‡b Mvwoi evRv‡i †ek RbwcÖq| †cvi‡k bvBb Gqvb Iqvb Uvi‡ev‡Z Po‡ZI fv‡jvev‡mb wZwb| dzUejvi †bBgv‡ii cÖ_g cQ‡›`i Mvwo fj‡fv G·wmwm·wR‡iv| MvwowUi `vg 75 nvRvi Wjvi| WªvBwfs jvB‡mÝ cvevi ci wZwb evnbwU †K‡bb| Mvwo Pvjv‡bv †kLvi Rb¨ GUv Lye fv‡jv e‡j wZwb g‡b K‡ib| MZ eQi †bBgvi Avq K‡ib 18 wgwjqb Wjvi| Gi g‡a¨ 1 jvL 32 nvRvi Wjvi wZwb Zuvi `vwg Mvwo †cvi‡k c¨vbv‡ivgv †Kbvi Rb¨ e¨q K‡ib| Ab¨w`‡K, AwW AviGBU wRwU †bBgv‡ii wejvmeûj Mvwo| `vg 2 jvL 48 nvRvi Wjvi| dzUejvi dvb©v‡`v †Zv‡im gvwm©wWR †eb&R Gg-K¬vm Ges A¨v÷b gvwU©b wWweGm e¨envi K‡ib| dzUejvi †WwfW †eKnv‡gi Mvwoi msMÖn †ek mg„×| bZzb †Kv‡bv Mvwo evRv‡i G‡j †mUv Zuvi _vKv PvB-B| Zuvi msMÖ‡n Av‡Q †e›Uwj Av‡b©R, †cvi‡k bvBb Iqvb Iqvb, gvwm©wWR wmGj‡K, K¨vwWj¨vK GmK¨v‡jW, AwW AviGmwm·, AwW G‡dvi, †kf‡iv‡jU K¨vgv‡iv, †ivjm i‡qm d¨v›Ug, weGg WweøD G· dvBf, Rv¸qvi G·‡R, nvgvi GBPUz, AwW GmGBU, j¨vgeiwb M¨vjv‡W©v, wRc i¨vsjvi, AwW wKD‡m‡fb, †cvi‡k †KBwb, †ivjm i‡qm †Nv÷, A¨v÷b gvwU©b wfGBU, †e›Uwj, †divwi wm·IqvbUz, AwW GmGBU| dzUejviiv hv Avq K‡ib, Zvi eo GKUv Ask LiP K‡ib Mvwoi †cQ‡b| e¨w³MZ Mvwoi msMÖn †_‡KB †evSv hvq Zuv‡`i jvBd÷vBj, iæwP, †mŠ›`h‡e©va Avi dzUe‡ji m‡½ Zuviv MwZgqZvi †ivgv †Kgb K‡i Dc‡fvM Ki‡Z Pvb| y wk‡ivcv AvwRg Qwe: B›Uvi‡bU


gvivKvbv †÷wWqvg

N‡ievB‡i

dzUej‡cÖgx‡`i Zx_© gvivKvbvi hvÎv 1950 mv‡j| PZz_© wek¦Kvc Dcj‡ÿ| †mevi GB †÷wWqvg wQj g~j †fby¨| †mB gvivKvbvB Gevi g~j †fby¨| Qq `k‡Ki weiwZ‡Z| bZzb mv‡R| BwZnv‡mi gwYKv‡b c~Y© GB †÷wWqvg dzUej‡cÖgx‡`i GK Abb¨ Zx_©| we‡k¦i me‡P‡q †ewk `k©K GLv‡b †Ljv †`L‡Z cv‡i| 1969 mv‡j GLv‡bB eªvwRj ebvg c¨viv¸‡qi †Ljvq wKse`wšÍ †c‡j c~Y© K‡ib mnmªZg †Mvj| dzUej QvovI wewfbœ mg‡q gvivKvbv gyLi †_‡K‡Q bvwg`vwg ZviKv Avi weL¨vZ e¨v‡Ûi Kbmv‡U©| †hgbÑ d«v¼ wm‡bÎv, g¨v‡Wvbv, cj g¨KKvU©wb I †ivwjs †÷vb| bZzb Avw½‡K †m‡R‡Q gvivKvbv| mg‡qi Pvwn`v †g‡b| wek¦Kvc Dcj‡ÿ| bZzb K‡i Rb¥ †bqv GB †÷wWqvg †Kej †fby¨ wn‡m‡eB bq, ¯’vcZ¨ wn‡m‡eI Dc‡fvM¨| wiI wW †Rwb‡ivi cÖavb AvKl©Y gvivKvbvq Gevi AbywôZ n‡e cÖ_g, wØZxq ivDÛ Avi dvBbvj| GB †÷wWqv‡gi †fvj cv‡ë †`qvi Rb¨ ms¯‹viKvR ïiæ nq 2009 mv‡j|

c„w_exi e„nËg †÷wWqvg| dzUe‡ji Zx_©| Qq `k‡KiI †ewk mgq GwU dzUej‡cÖgx‡`i †U‡b‡Q wiI wW †Rwb‡ivq| Z‡e gvivKvbvi †Pnviv Avi †bB Av‡Mi g‡Zv| bZzb bKkvq Gev‡ii wek¦Kv‡ci GB g~j †fby¨ GLb †÷U-Ae-AvU©| GLv‡bB n‡e D‡Øvab Avi mgvcb| `yB eQi ci Awjw¤ú‡Ki c`©vI DV‡e| gvivKvbv cybwb©g©v‡Yi Kjv‡KŠkj Rvbv‡”Qb ¯’cwZ wRkvb dzqv` †PŠayix

K¨vbfvm 102


†÷wWqv‡gi Avmb I Zvi wb‡Pi Ask ms¯‹vi Kiv n‡q‡Q, †÷wWqv‡gi Qv` e`‡j †djv n‡q‡Q| GB Qv` wQj Kswµ‡Ui; Gi KvR wQj ïay Dc‡ii Avmb¸‡jv‡KB †iv`e„wó †_‡K iÿv Kiv| †÷wWqv‡gi KvVv‡gvMZ Dbœq‡bi Rb¨ ¯’vcZ¨ bKkvq bvbv ai‡bi cÖ¯Íve Av‡m| Gi †Kv‡bvUvB cQ›` nqwb KZ…©c‡ÿi, Z‡e †kl ch©šÍ cy‡iv‡bv Qv‡`i cwie‡Z© †mB Av`‡j DbœZ KvwiMwi e¨e¯’vcbvq GK bZzb Qv‡`i cÖ¯Íve cvm nq| †mfv‡eB ˆZwi Kiv n‡q‡Q Qv`| Avmb Av”Qv`‡bi Rb¨ Qv‡`i MfxiZv 70 wgUvi ch©šÍ evov‡bv n‡q‡Q, hv g~j KvVv‡gvi wb‡Pi Ask †_‡K we¯Í…Z| †`L‡j g‡b n‡e, Qv`wU gv_vi Dci †f‡m i‡q‡Q| GwU m¤¢e n‡q‡Q ïay Uvbv †`Iqv †Ke‡ji Rb¨, hv wKbv GK hvwš¿K PvKvi m‡½ hy³ _v‡K| †Mvj AvswUi g‡Zv GB Uvbv †Kej cy‡iv Qv‡`i `yB-Z…Zxqvsk `~‡i Ges Gi d‡j AvsUv¸‡jv GKwU Nywoi AvKv‡i wb‡q‡Q| cy‡iv‡bv ¯’vc‡Z¨i m‡½ wgj †i‡L cy‡iv Qv‡`i wWRvBb Kiv n‡q‡Q, hv‡Z †Kv_vI †Kv‡bv AmvgÄm¨ bv _v‡K| gRvi e¨vcvi n‡”Q, N~Y©gvb GB †Kej¸‡jv‡K Rvnv‡Ri gv¯‘‡ji m‡½ Zzjbv Kiv P‡j| ïay `„wób›`bB bq, G¸‡jv iÿYv‡eÿYI mnR| G Qvov wewfbœ ai‡bi Av‡jvi e¨envi, d¬vk jvBwUs, kãcÖhyw³ I B‡jKwUªK hš¿vs‡k GB Zvi e¨eüZ n‡q _v‡K| GB †Ke‡ji m‡½ hy³ †gg‡eªb GwU‡K c~Y©v½ Qv‡`i iƒc †`q| G‡Z i‡q‡Q 1500 †dv‡Uv‡fv‡ëBK †mvjvi gwWDjm, hv †mŠikw³ Drcbœ K‡i †÷wWqv‡g Av‡jvi e¨e¯’v K‡i _v‡K| cwigvY †bnvZ Kg bq| KviY, GB †mŠikw³ w`‡q AšÍZ 240wU evwoi we`y¨‡Zi Pvwn`v †gUv‡bv m¤¢e| ZvB †÷wWqv‡g hLb GB †mŠikw³i cÖ‡qvRb nq bv, ZLb Zv †m-Kv‡RB e¨eüZ n‡q _v‡K| Gi d‡j, AbymÜvb ej‡Q, wd eQi AšÍZ 2,560 Ub Kve©b WvB-A·vBW cwi‡ek‡K `~wlZ Ki‡e bv| GB †mŠikw³i Kvh©KvwiZv GZUvB `„k¨gvb †h, dzUej‡cÖgx‡`i g‡a¨ Aek¨B RjevqyRwbZ DòZvi e¨vcv‡i mZK©Zv ˆZwi n‡e| ZiæY cÖR‡b¥i Rb¨ Zv wkÿYxqI e‡U| gvivKvbv †÷wWqvgwU `wÿY Av‡gwiKvi me‡P‡q eo dzUej †fby¨| Gi eZ©gvb AvmbmsL¨v 78 nvRvi 838| Av‡M wQj 87 nvRvi| GB msL¨v Kgv‡bv n‡q‡Q bZzb GB Qv` emv‡Z wM‡q| Gev‡ii ms¯‹v‡ii g~j †dvKvm wQj `„k¨gvbZv, mn‡R cÖ‡eke¨e¯’v, myiÿv Avi AvwZ‡_qZv| cy‡iv †÷wUqv‡gi †Lvjbj‡P cv‡ë †djv n‡jI AweKj ivLv n‡q‡Q ¯§„wZ

ev HwZn¨| AUzU †_‡K‡Q Av‡Mi †mB g~j cÖ‡ek `iRv| bxj i‡Oi| Avi †÷wWqv‡gi †fZ‡i cÖZ¨šÍ Ask| gvivKvb GLb gvwëcvicvm A¨v‡ibv| †Kej dzUej g¨vP †`Lv bq, GLv‡b i‡q‡Q we‡bv`‡bi AviI e¨e¯’v| evi, †i‡¯Íviuv Avi kc| Gi wWRvBb GZ my›`i Avi Kvh©Ki †h, me `k©‡Ki †÷wWqvg †_‡K †ei n‡Z gvÎ AvU wgwbU mgq jvM‡e| wbPZjvi nmwcUvwjwU †Rv‡b wewkó AwZw_‡`i Avc¨vq‡bi e¨e¯’v ivLv n‡q‡Q| Av‡Q GKwU AwW‡UvwiqvgI| †hLv‡b cÖ‡qvR‡b wgwUs ev †h‡Kv‡bv Abyôvb Av‡qvRb Kiv hv‡e| AviI Av‡Q †L‡jvqvo‡`i jKvi iæg| mvsevw`K‡`i Rb¨ e¨e¯’v _vK‡Q cwðg w`‡K| †hLv‡b Abvqv‡mB ¯’vb msKzjvb n‡e 3,000 msev`Kg©xi| wfAvBwc‡`i Rb¨ `y‡Uv †d¬vi wgwj‡q _vK‡Q 88wU e·| cÖwZwU‡Z 30 R‡bi emvi e¨e¯’v| wddvi wbqgvbyhvqx †÷wWqv‡g i‡q‡Q 14 nvRvi Mvwo cvwK©s‡qi e¨e¯’v| cuvPZjvi GB †÷wWqv‡g cÖ‡e‡ki ci cÖ_‡g

K¨vbfvm 103

`„wó‡MvPi nq eªvwR‡ji `yB wKse`wšÍ wR‡Kv I M¨vwiÂvi fv¯‹h©| i‡q‡Q †mB ejwU, †hwU w`‡q †c‡j nvRviZg †MvjwU K‡iwQ‡jb| †hLv‡b AviI wgj‡e †mB Avmb, 1938 mv‡j ivbx wØZxq GwjRv‡e_ †hwU‡Z e‡mwQ‡jb| Gici Avm‡e †cÖm iæg I wfAvBwc M¨vjvwi| wewfbœ ai‡bi Avmb GjvKv I e· GjvKv| BwZnv‡mi bvbv wb`k©b †÷wWqv‡gi cÖwZwU RvqMvq `„k¨gvb| GB †÷wWqv‡gi PZ¡‡i i‡q‡Q 90 Rb weL¨vZ dzUejv‡ii cv‡qi Qvc| d‡j GUv Avi cuvPUv ¯’vcZ¨ n‡q _v‡K bv, eis n‡q I‡V GK dzUej Rv`yNi| GUv _ vK‡Q `k©K‡`i Rb¨ Db¥y³| D¾¡j i‡Oi QUvq D™¢vwmZ †÷wWqvgwU eªvwR‡ji cZvKv‡KB g‡b Kwi‡q †`q| bv›`wbK ¯’vcZ¨ bKkvq cybwb©wg©Z gvivKvbv cy‡ivcywi cÖ¯‘Z dzUej g‡nvrm‡ei Rb¨| cÖ¯‘Z mviv we‡k¦i dzUej‡cÖgx‡`i ¯^vMZ Rvbv‡Z| bZzb BwZnv‡mi mvÿx n‡Z| †jLK: †Rbvm AvwK©‡U±m janusarchi@gmail.com

Qwe: B›Uvi‡bU


wdPvi

KL‡bv ej wb‡q gvZvgvwZ| KL‡bv fzfz‡Rjv wb‡q| `wÿY Avwd«Kvq MZ wek^Kvc gvZ K‡i w`‡qwQj GB fzfz‡Rjv| Z‡e Gevi eªvwRj wek^Kv‡ci gvmKU wb‡qI A‡bK K_v n‡”Q| gvmKUwUi †cvkvwK bvg dzwj‡Kv w` Avigv‡`jø| Avigv‡`jø Avm‡j eªvwR‡ji wecbœ cÖRvwZi wcuc‡o| hvi Av`‡j Gevi eªvwRj wek^Kv‡ci gvmKU evbv‡bv n‡q‡Q| GwU D‡™^vab Kiv nq 2012 mv‡ji 25 b‡f¤^i| dzwj‡Kvi Rš§w`b GUvB| eªvwRj wek^Kv‡ci gvmKU wn‡m‡e Rš§ †bIqvi m‡½ m‡½ dzwj‡Kv cÖej RbwcÖqZv jvf K‡i| wcuc‡oi g‡Zv gv_v Avi gvby‡li †`n wb‡q Rš§ †bIqv gvmKUwUi bv‡gi GKUv Avjv`v A_© Av‡Q| dzwj‡Kv k‡ãi DrcwË AviI `ywU kã †_‡K| fuleco-k‡ãi ful kãwU G‡m‡Q futebol †_‡K| (eªvwR‡j dzUej‡K ejv nq dzwZej)| evwK eco AskUv G‡m‡Q ecology †_‡K| Zvi gv‡b Gev‡ii gvmK‡U dzUe‡ji m‡½ †gjv‡bv n‡q‡Q cwi‡ek‡K| eªvwRj wek^Kv‡ci bZzb gvmK‡Ui A_© ZvB †`k, cÖK…wZ I eÜzZ¡| †mvRv K_vq c¨vkb Ae dzUej| Gev‡ii gvmKU wb‡q Mwe©Z wddvi gv‡K©wUs cÖavb w_‡qwi DBj e‡j‡Qb, ÔGUv †Kej eªvwRjRy‡oB RbwcÖqZv jvf K‡iwb, mviv `ywbqv‡ZB RbwcÖq n‡q‡Q| †mB me©Kv‡ji †miv RbwcÖq wek^Kv‡ci gvmKU|Õ cÖvq beŸB fvM eªvwRwjqvb D‡™^va‡bi gvÎ `yB w`‡bi g‡a¨ gvmKUwU †`‡L †d‡jb| hv †nvK, dzwj‡Kvi AviI GKUv bvg Av‡Q| UzUz-†evjv| GwU cZz©wMR kã| wecbœ wcuc‡oi cÖRvwZ Avigv‡`jø‡K GB bv‡gB D”PviY K‡i eªvwR‡ji gvbyl| 2010 mv‡ji dzUej wek^Kv‡c kvwKivi IqvKv IqvKv MvbUv wQj m¤¢eZ me‡P‡q RbwcÖq NUbv| kvwKiv ev‡` Avi Kvi K_v †jv‡K g‡b †i‡L‡Q! Avcwb hw` †gwm wKsev †ivbvj‡`vi K_v †f‡e _v‡Kb, Zvn‡j wfbœ K_v| †Kv‡bv dzUejvi bq, `wÿY Avwd«Kv wek^Kv‡ci wØZxq RbwcÖq NUbvi bvg wQj fzfz‡Rjv| GeviI wK †Zgb wKQy _vK‡e? Aek¨B _vK‡e| eªvwRj wek^Kvc gvZv‡e Gevi ÔWvqv‡evwjKvÕ| fzfz‡Rjvi g‡Zv †ejwRqv‡g evbv‡bv n‡”Q GB euvwk| Wvqv‡evwjKv Avm‡j Kx? bZzb GKai‡bi euvwk| fzfz‡Rjvi bZzb ms¯‹iYI ejv †h‡Z cv‡i| †ejwRqvg GB fzf‡z Rjv wek^Kvc ïiæi Av‡MB So Zz‡j‡Q| †`‡ki MwÐ †cwi‡q BwZg‡a¨ Zv Qwo‡q c‡o‡Q jvwZb Av‡gwiKvi Ab¨ †`‡kI| Pvwn`vI evo‡Q ûû K‡i| Avwe®‹…Z nIqvi ci wWqv‡evwjKvi AW©vi Avm‡Q BKz‡qWi, †gvRvw¤^K, Kjw¤^qv I A¨v‡½vjv †_‡K| Wvqv‡evwjKvi Kg©x‡`i bvwK GLb Mj`Ng© Ae¯’v| Zviv Pvwn`v c~iY Ki‡Z w`‡b 16 †_‡K 18 NÈv KvR Ki‡Qb| †Kgb GB wWqv‡evwjKv? mswkøóiv e‡j‡Qb, 12 †mw›UwgUvi j¤^v cøvw÷‡Ki ev`¨hš¿wU enb Ki‡Z myweav, `v‡gI Kg|

gvÎ 12 Wjvi| Avi kãUvI fzfz‡Rjvi g‡Zv KK©k bq| kÖæwZgayi| ZvB Gi RbwcÖqZv evo‡Q Am¤¢e `ªæZMwZ‡Z| bZzb ev`¨hš¿wUi ZiæY bKkvKvi †WwfW `m mv‡šÍvm gšÍe¨ K‡i‡Qb, ÔKL‡bv cÖZ¨vkv Kwiwb GZ mvdj¨ cv‡ev|Õ Zuvi Avkv, gvme¨vcx wek^Kv‡c 10 jvL ÔWvqv‡evwjKvÕ wewµ n‡e| †mwU n‡j eªvwRj wek^Kv‡ci Ab¨ bvg †`qv †h‡Z cv‡iÑ ÔWvqv‡ewjKv wek¦KvcÕ|

K¨vbfvm 104

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K¨vbfvm 117

mvs¯‹…wZK †K›`ª Ô†WBwj ÷vi-†e½j AvU©m wcÖwm¼UÕ| wkí-msMÖvnK Aveyj Lv‡q‡ii e¨w³MZ msMÖn †_‡K wewkó wPÎwkíx Gm Gg myjZv‡bi wPÎvewj wb‡q Ôciv`„wóÕ kxl©K cÖ`k©bxi gva¨‡g GB wkív½b hvÎv K‡i| wkív½bwU‡Z wbqwgZ wPÎ cÖ`k©bx I mvs¯‹…wZK Abyôv‡bi gva¨‡g †e½j dvD‡Ûkb wPÎwkíx, wkí‡ev×v Ges †`‡ki cÖwZwôZ I bexb ms¯‹… wZ-AbyivMx‡`i m‡½ †mZzeÜ m„wó‡Z AvMÖnx| 64-65 KvRx bRiæj Bmjvg A¨vwfwbD, KviIqvb evRv‡i Aew¯’Z `¨ †WBwj ÷vi †m›Uv‡i Ô†WBwj ÷vi-†e½j AvU©m wcÖwm¼UÕ I wPÎ cÖ`k©bx Ôciv`„wóÕ †hŠ_fv‡e D‡Øvab K‡ib eª¨v‡Ki cÖwZôvZv I †Pqvicvimb m¨vi dR‡j nvmvb Av‡e` Ges XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi B‡gwiUvm Aa¨vcK Avwbmy¾vgvb| e³e¨ †`b `¨ †WBwj ÷v‡ii cÖKvkK I m¤úv`K gvn&dzR Avbvg Ges †e½j dvD‡Ûk‡bi mfvcwZ Aveyj Lv‡qi|

eªv‡Ki gv w`em

gv w`em Dcj‡ÿ eª¨vK e¨vsK wjwg‡UW †iwWI dzwZ©‡Z Av‡qvRb K‡i ÔAv¯’vi cÖ_g kã gvÕ kxl©K Mí ejvi Av‡qvRb| weRqxiv Zuv‡`i gv‡q‡`i Rb¨ cvb Dcnvi| m¤úªwZ †iwWI dzwZ©‡Z GK Abyôv‡b eª¨vK e¨vs‡Ki †nW Ae KwgDwb‡Kkb I mvwf©m †KvqvwjwU Rxkvb wKsïK nK Ges †iwWI dzwZ©i Avi‡R mvw`qv GKRb weRqx †gvkviivZ Zvivbœyg ˆekvLx I Zuvi gv‡qi Kv‡Q cyi¯‹vi n¯ÍvšÍi K‡ib|

GKSjK

jvL cvi Ki‡jv K¨vbfvm †dmeyK f‡³i msL¨v

4 †g XvKvi I‡qw÷b †nv‡U‡j RuvKRgKc~Y© Abyôv‡bi ga¨ w`‡q Av‡qvwRZ n‡jv evsjv‡`‡k jv‡·i 50 eQi c~wZ© Ges jv·-P¨v‡bj AvB mycvi÷vi 2014-Gi ïf D‡Øvab| 1964 mvj †_‡K eZ©gvb ch©šÍ jv‡·i m‡½ mswkøó A‡bK ZviKv, wgwWqv e¨w³Z¡ Ges d¨vkb I Mø¨vgvi RM‡Zi wewfbœ e¨w³‡Z¡i Dcw¯’wZ‡Z Sjg‡j n‡q I‡V Abyôvb¯’j| G Dcj‡ÿ cÖKvwkZ we‡kl ¯§iwYKv Ôjv· eyK Ae weDwU A¨vÛ Mø¨vgviÕ-Gi †gvoK D‡b¥vPb K‡ib BDwbwjfvi evsjv‡`‡ki †Pqvig¨vb I g¨v‡bwRs wW‡i±i Kvgivb evKvi Ges GwkqvwUK w_ªwm·wUi MÖæc †Pqvig¨vb Ges bvU¨e¨w³Z¡ Avjx hv‡Ki| G eQ‡ii jv·-P¨v‡bj AvB mycvi÷v‡ii Av‡qvRb m¤ú‡K© e³e¨ †`b P¨v‡bj AvB‡qi g¨v‡bwRs wW‡i±i dwi`yi †iRv mvMi Ges BDwbwjfvi evsjv‡`k wjwg‡U‡Wi eª¨vÛ wewìs wW‡i±i cv‡m©vbvj †Kqvi, Rv‡f` Av³vi|


cÖvwßi Szwo ficyi †gl y gvP© 21-GwcÖj 20

e„l y GwcÖj 21-†g 21 fzj¸‡jv G‡K G‡K †f‡O hv‡e| `~‡ii gvbyl¸‡jv ax‡i ax‡i Kv‡Q Avm‡e A™¢zZ †Kv‡bv Kvi‡Y| cÖPzi duvwK w`‡q‡Qb| G gv‡m wKš‘ Kv‡Ri cvnvo mvgjv‡Z n‡e|

eo GKUv cwieZ©‡bi ga¨ w`‡q hv‡eb| Gi meB †h BwZevPK n‡e, Zv bq| `yt‡Li †evSvUv †Kv‡bv Kvi‡Y †ek nvjKv n‡e G gv‡m| Avlv‡p Mà †du‡` cÖfvweZ Ki‡Z PvB‡e †KD| mveavb!

wg_yb y †g 22-Ryb 21

KK©U y Ryb 22-RyjvB 22 `viæY UvBwgs n‡e G gv‡m| wd« wK‡Ki eb¨vI QzU‡e| mvd‡j¨i nvIqvq †QvULv‡Uv Sv‡gjv¸‡jv dzo–r K‡i D‡o hv‡e| †KD Avcbvi Ici ARv‡šÍB jÿ¨ ivL‡Q| mZK© _vKzb|

†Kv‡bv GK Av‡eMNb gyn~‡Z© fzj Kivi Avk¼v i‡q‡Q| Rvwb, hyw³i k³ eyb‡U Avcbvi wPšÍv¸‡jv euvav| gvicu¨v‡P †d‡j myweav wb‡Z PvB‡e †KD| mveavb!

Kb¨v y AvM÷ 24-†m‡Þ¤^i 23

wmsn y RyjvB 23-AvM÷ 23

e„wðK y A‡±vei 24-b‡f¤^i 22

Zzjv y †m‡Þ¤^i 24-A‡±vei 23

G gv‡m †hgb A‡bK cv‡eb, nviv‡ebI †Zgb| Z‡e nZvkvq Wz‡e bv wM‡q Kv‡Ri cyKz‡i Wze gviæb| cyi‡bv †Kv‡bv Sv‡gjv bZzb iƒ‡c wdi‡Z cv‡i| Gme Kxfv‡e mvBWjvB‡bi evB‡i cvVv‡Z nq, Zv †ek Rv‡bb Avcwb|

Avov‡j-AveWv‡j A‡bK wKQz n‡q‡Q| Gevi Zv cÖKvk Kiæb| †h †R‡M Nywg‡q Av‡Q, Zv‡K bv RvMv‡bvUvB fv‡jv| eû KvR Av‡Q G gv‡m, K¬všÍ n‡j Pj‡e bv wKš‘!

gKi y wW‡m¤^i 22-Rvbyqvwi 20

aby y b‡f¤^i 23-wW‡m¤^i 21 nuvwc‡q IVv mgq †_‡K †ei n‡q Avmvi dzimZ wgj‡e G gv‡m| wSg gviv gyn~Z©¸‡jv PvOv n‡q DV‡e nVvr K‡i| Av‡e‡M †f‡m bv wM‡q hyw³i iv¯Ívq nuvUzb, bZzev c¯Ív‡eb|

wb‡R‡K mvgjv‡bvi KwVb cixÿvq bvg‡Z n‡e| Rvwb, kZfvM mdj n‡eb| AhvwPZ †e`bvq KvZi nevi k¼v Av‡Q| wb‡R‡K wb‡RB †evSv‡Z n‡e wKš‘!

Kz¤¢ y Rvbyqvwi 21-†deªæqvwi 18

gxb y †deªæqvwi 19-gvP© 20

bv PvB‡ZB A‡bK wKQz †c‡q hv‡eb G gv‡m| Avevi PvIqv †Kv‡bv wKQz bv cveviI k¼v Av‡Q| wb‡R‡K †auvKv †`‡eb bv| Zv‡Z KóUv †kl ch©šÍ wb‡RiB n‡e|

†kl nBqvI nBj bv †klÑ Ggb GKUv Abyf‚wZ MÖvm Ki‡Z cv‡i| G gv‡m Zzgyj D‡ËRbvc~Y© wKQz gyn~Z© KvUv‡eb| hv-B †nvK, gvm †k‡l cÖvwßi SzwoUv ficyiB _vK‡e Avcbvi|

K¨vbfvm 119

ivwk

mvgvb¨ wKQz †_‡K `viæY AwfÁZv wgj‡e G gv‡m| myLx n‡Z Lye †ewk wKQz †h jv‡M bv, Zv eyS‡eb nƒ`q w`‡q| AcÖZ¨vwkZ †Kv‡bv mnvqZv †c‡Z hv‡”Qb G gv‡m|

AvkvnZ nIqvi g‡Zv wKQz NU‡Z cv‡i| wKš‘ Ny‡i `uvov‡bvi we`¨v †ek Rvbv Av‡Q Avcbvi| nv‡ii Lye KvQvKvwQ †_‡K wd‡i Avm‡eb, GB A™¢zZ g¨vwRK †Kv_vq wkL‡jb, e‡jb †Zv?


Issue june 2014  

World Cup 2014

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