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Dwarf calf Wyatt and Grady Wolkowski were photographed recently with a dwarf calf and a calf of a normal size that were born at their Canora district farm. Read the story and see more photographs on pages 2 to 5.

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Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Dwarf calf born at Canora cattle farm By Emma Meldrum Some call her Pea Shooter, others call her Sweet Pea. She’s described as a freak of nature and simply as ‘cute.’ She’ll likely be the new farm pet. The ‘she’ in question is a dwarf calf, recently born on Trent and Colby Wolkowski’s farm outside of Canora. C o l b y, o n e o f t w o brothers running Highway 5 Farms, found the calf at the end of February.

At first, he expected the mother to deliver another calf. It became apparent that this calf didn’t have a twin – it was just very small. “It’s the oddest thing,” said Cindy, Trent’s wife. “Sometimes when we’ve had premature calves, they would have no teeth, where this calf has fully erupted teeth, which tells me it’s a fullterm calf.” “Most of our calves are between 90 and 100 pounds and this one is like

Colby, left, and Trent Wolkowski were photographed at work branding calves, which is an important chore on a cattle farm.

30. It’s fully developed,” said Trent. “It’s just super tiny.” At the time of writing, the calf was too short to reach its mother’s udder, so it was being fed by the Wolkowski kids. “This morning, [our son] Wyatt was up at a quarter after seven and he was out feeding the calf,” s a i d C i n d y. “ To n i g h t , when he got back from hockey practice, he was out feeding that calf again.” Continued on Page 3

Wyatt enjoyed feeding the new dwarf calf with bottled milk.

The Wolkowski family was photographed sitting on a bull feeder trough. From left, members of the family are: (back row) Cindy, Trent, Colby, Carmen and Grady, and (front) Casidy, Wyatt, Paisley and Porter.

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With an annual contribuƟon of $100 billion to the naƟon’s gross domesƟc product (GDP), Canadian farmers not only feed Canadians and millions of people worldwide, Canadian farmers also feed our economy. Thank you for all you do!

Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Dwarf calf born at Canora cattle farm Continued from Page 2 “We find it all over the place,” said Colby. “The spacing between the bars on the panels in the calving barn aren’t narrow enough, and it walks right through wherever it wants to go.” I t ’s l i k e l y t h a t P e a Shooter or Sweet Pea will

end up as a farm pet – the kids have already asked to bring it in the house – but for now, cow and calf are bonding. “She’s mothered up to it quite nicely, actually,” said Colby. “It’s funny, though, the calf can run right underneath her.” “ I t ’s j u s t a f r e a k o f

nature and it’s the cutest thing. My dog is bigger,” said Trent. Highway 5 Farms and Highway 5 Simmentals are owned and operated by Trent and Colby. The brothers live a few miles apart, with Trent’s home on the original homestead quarter, cleared by their great-grandfather Carl. Their grandfather Paul took over from there and their 82-year-old father Bernard recently retired

from farming. They’ve received the Century Family Farm Award – the farm was likely started around 1901. After graduating from high school, the brothers joined the operation, which now boasts 1,800 acres of cropland and 300 acres of pasture. “I didn’t know anything else. I was brought up that way and just wanted to stick with it, I guess,” said Trent on becoming a

Page 3 farmer. The farm, a grain and cattle operation, is a balancing act. Both Trent and Colby coach their sons’ hockey teams, which wouldn’t be possible if t h e y w e r e n ’t w o r k i n g together. “I wouldn’t be able to coach, or he wouldn’t be able to coach, because it’s a 24/7 job when we calve from January to March,” said Colby. “Plus, in between that,

we’re hauling grain and whatnot. With the harvest being late this year, things got really delayed and things kind of got backed up quite a bit,” Colby said. The family finished combining November 10, missing their record for late harvesting by three days. “We actually purchased another combine to get done,” said Colby. Continued on Page 4

Bulls at the Wolkowski farm are being fed with a brome alfalfa mixed hay and grain.


Agriculture plays a significant role in Saskatchewan’s economy and continues to be the backbone of our province today. Thank you to all our farm and ranch families for their dedication, commitment and hard work as they continue to contribute to our great province. Terry Dennis, MLA Canora-Pelly Constituency 106 1st Avenue East, Canora Phone: 306-563-1363 Email: Canora.PellyMLA@sasktel.net

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Agricultural Edition

Dwarf calf born at Canora cattle farm Continued from Page 3 “Our son Grady got promoted from grain cart driver to combine driver.

He is a big part of our farming operation now, especially at harvest and calving time,” said Carmen,

Colby’s wife. T h e Wo l k o w s k i s added purebred cattle, Simmentals, to their operation 20 years ago. “I worked for a couple of guys that had purebred cattle, and I kind of wanted to get into it, so we started

Week of March 19, 2017

that in ’95 and have been at it ever since,” said Trent. There are 150 cows in their herd, with about 130 calves joining the farm over the past two months. “Right now, we’re kind of at max capacity unless we do some major upgrades. We’re kind of full where we are right now,” he said.

The farm’s major bull sale, held at Heartland in conjunction with other sellers, is their major one of the year. Trent and Cindy have two children, Wyatt and Cassidy. Cindy works off the farm as a veterinary technologist in a small animal practice. Her skills come in handy on the

farm. “Trent gets me to help a lot with vaccinating and if he’s got some sick calves or cows, he’s always phoning me up or asking me what we can do,” said Cindy. Like many young families, the Wolkowskis are busy. Continued on Page 5

Photographed feeding their rare dwarf calf, from left, were: Porter, Paisley, Casidy, Wyatt and Grady Wolkowski.

Trent and Colby Wolkowski were at work pitching feed to the cows and their calves.

Porter Wolkowski was pleased that his steer was named Div. 2 champion in the market steer class at the Yorkton 4-H regional show and sale held in July 2016.



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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Dwarf calf born at Canora cattle farm Continued from Page 4 “ We j u s t g o , ” s h e s a i d . “ We ’ v e g o t t i m e when we’re retired to do nothing.” Carmen, who grew up on a farm, works as an aide at the Canora Hospital. It’s not unusual for her to take days off to help with weaning, branding and driving the grain cart at harvest. This year, she and the kids did all the straw baling themselves for the winter calving barn. “Our kids enjoy the farm life and are a great help at chore time,” said Carmen. Their three children, Paisley, Porter and Grady, are busy with dance, skating and hockey. Carmen is the general leader of 4-H, where four of the kids are involving in showing cattle. They have a few more things on their already-full plate: finishing an addition

on their house and volunteering with the Canora Ag Society. “I was president for two years and Carmen was the secretary for a number of years,” said Colby of the society. “We were part of the core group that got everything started with a new racetrack in town.” Highway 5 Farms, like many others, has cameras in the barn so Trent and Colby can keep watch during calving season. “We had the cameras in the barn for quite a while and they’re just stationary. But then we got one that pans, tilts and zooms. You can almost scan the whole corral system with it, and that’s been about four years or so,” said Trent. “It saves a lot of steps from what it used to be, especially when it’s really cold out, but even

then there’s always blind spots and we’ve still got to go check every once in a while,” he said. Calving, which lasts from New Year’s to March, keeps the brothers busy. “ [ We ] s w i t c h e v e r y

other night and we check throughout the night. I stay in a shack that we’ve got by the corrals,” said Colby. With the century-old farm being passed from one generation to the next, Colby is hopeful that some

Page 5 of the kids will continue on the tradition. “We hope so. I’m sure somebody will want to. I know my oldest son [Grady] has quite an interest in livestock,” said Colby.

“There’s a lot of opportunities in farming, I think, coming up for young people that want to, because there’s not a lot that do want to farm anymore,” he said. “People gotta eat, right?”

While photographs were being taken at the Wolkowski farm recently, a calf was born and Grady was about to pull it in a tub to the calving barn under the close watch of the mother.

Porter, Wyatt and Grady Wolkowski were at work last summer baling and hauling straw which would be used for their herd during the winter.

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Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Why does your dad keep pallets in a bin? By Donna Beutler Springtime on the farm brings with it new growth and new life, namely, on our farm as in so many farms in this part of Saskatchewan, a new crop of calves. But, on this day in February of 2017, I am not checking cows or calving cows or doing anything farm related. I am instead writing a book. Writing is, after all, my passion. This book, hand-written in wax crayon, will never be published; I am the sole author and the sole illustrator, although I am being instructed by my five-year-old twin grandsons every step of the way. “Grandma, draw a barn on this page,” says one, “And a calf shelter with a fence on this page,” says the other. The pages go by, one by one, all drawn by someone with zero artistic talent. The book is to be called, they say, On the Farm. “Next page!” I say. I am at page 22 of the little 24-page book. Sometimes in the past the boys have asked me to draw machinery, but this book contains only farm animals and buildings, reflective possibly of the particular season we are in, although last year at this time, they were ‘building’ air seeders out of building blocks. One air seeder was hooked to a toy tractor, this being the spring wheat seeder, the other to a toy snowmobile, this being the winter wheat seeder. It was four-year-old logic at its best. I ask again what they would like me to draw. Two little minds are thinking, one little body sitting on the table next to the book, eyes furrowed, wondering; the other, sitting on a chair, thinking equally as hard, his expression making him look very much like the other. Fortunately, I generally know who is who, though I’ve been known to get them mixed up from time to time. Finally they come up with an idea for their artistically challenged grandmother – a cow having a baby and “Daddy helpin’.” I begin to draw. The cow is laying down and a stick-man version of my son assists with the calf’s delivery. My stickman son is a stick with a toque on his head, no coveralls because that would overextend my creative ability. The twins direct my drawing: “First, the front legs of the calf comes out,” the boys tell me, heads close to the page, ‘then the nose, Grandma,” and on they go. When I am finished they tell me it doesn’t really look like a cow having a calf but ‘stick-dad’ looks like dad. Must be the toque I think to

myself. I colour the cow and the calf brown; they add a little red over the calf. They tell me to write the words: “See the cow. See the calf. See Daddy.” (If they were in charge of the Kindergarten vocab list, no doubt ‘cow’ and ‘calf’ would be at the top of the list.) Once the ‘book’ is done, and because it feels like a beautiful spring day, I suggest we make a trip over to Auntie’s house. They are excited to see their cousin and when the canvasses come out for them to paint on, they are inspired to create their very own artistic masterpieces. Ironically, their paintings are cow-free. As they paint, my daughter tells me about this carpentry project she’d like to undertake – a piece of furniture made out of pallets. The beautiful February weather has us all in spring fever mode and some outdoor carpentry work sounds

plausible. “Hey boys,” Auntie asks, “does your dad have any pallets at the farm?” “Yup,” they answer in unison as they concentrate on their paintings, never looking up. “Lots?” she asks. “Yup,” they answer, again in unison. “Where does he keep them?” she asks, no doubt thinking that we could make a quick little trip out to the farm and pick some up. “In a bin,” they both say, still totally absorbed in their art projects. “In a bin?” she asks somewhat skeptically. The ‘pallet’ conversation lags for a while as we talk about other things, but eventually Auntie picks it up again. “Why does your dad keep pallets in a bin?” she asks the boys. This causes them both to look at her with this quizzical expression. You know they’re thinking Auntie is asking a really strange question. And you know she’s wondering why her brother bothers to keep old wooden pallets in a bin. “Dad loads them up in the bucket to feed the cows,” they finally say to her. I buckle over with laughter as I realize they are talking ‘pellets,’ not ‘pallets.’ The visual gives me an idea though and I know exactly what I’ll be drawing in the next book I write – a bucket full of pallets being dumped into the feed trough. I can’t wait to see the looks on the boys’ faces when they see that picture!

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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page 7

Stock Growers discuss a variety of topics By Marusia Kaweski, Assiniboia Times Members of the Saskatchewan Stock Growers Association (SSGA) discussed some of the beef industry’s most pressing issues at their semi-annual meeting on January 25 in Regina. “There’s a lot going on in the beef sector, and it’s important for producers to get together and give the issues a full airing,” said Shane Jahnke, SSGA president, about the meeting that took place within the Saskatchewan Beef Industry Conference. The meeting featured Lyle Stewart, Agriculture Minister, and an official from the Canadian Food Inspection Agency who updated SSGA members on the bovine tuberculosis investigation in Alberta and Saskatchewan. The members debated and adopted eight different resolutions. The SSGA first resolved to appeal to the Saskatchewan government to “develop a long-term, effective solution to provide reliable high speed internet service to rural areas.” The members argued that current services in rural locations across Saskatchewan were substandard and inconsistent. “It’s becoming more important for cattle producers to have access to the Internet to operate their business,” stated Chad MacPherson, SSGA general manager. “The Internet is an essential tool for cattle producers for buying, selling, marketing, age verifying, recording, registering cattle, and more,” the resolution added. Perhaps the biggest issue was the carbon tax. The SSGA members passed three resolutions stating their opposition to a carbon tax putting Canadian beef at a disadvantage on ultra-competitive international markets. Much of Saskatchewan agricultural

products are exported. Cattle producers have made the point that CO2 reduction programs, including carbon taxes, ignore the progress the industry has made in reducing its environmental footprint since the 1980s. “Ranchers work like mad to conserve the natural grass prairie,” said Jahnke. The SSGA argues that the Canadian grasslands and agricultural lands are a significant carbon sink. One resolution stated the members’ intent to lobby the Government of Canada to recognize the carbon sequestration capability of grasslands and agricultural lands and fairly compensate landowners for these benefits and farming practices. “There’s megatons of carbon stored in those ecosystems, and that’s carbon that would otherwise be in the atmosphere,” he said. Another resolution asked the government to delay its carbon tax plans until additional research and consultation has been completed. “Everything farmers grow pulls carbon dioxide out of the air,” said Jahnke. In a final resolution on the issue, the SSGA will be asking Ottawa to reverse its decision to implement a price on carbon by 2018 until adequate research and consultation have been completed. “Canada leads the world in sustainable agriculture. We’d like to see our producers recognized and rewarded for their leadership in fighting climate change,” he added. Earlier in January, the SSGA voiced its opposition to the carbon tax and signed a letter with 11 other organizations asking Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Catherine McKenna, federal Minister of Environment and Climate Change to delay the implementation of a carbon tax until more research can be done on its implications. SARM spearheaded the organization

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and distribution of the letter stressing that a federal carbon tax is not the most effective policy tool for reducing greenhouse gas emissions or mitigating climate change. Adaptation and innovation are superior methods for reducing emissions and dealing with climate change, the signatories stated. The signatory organizations include the Saskatchewan Farm Stewardship Association, the Saskatchewan Heavy Construction Association, the Saskatchewan Stock Growers Association, Sask Pork, the Greater Saskatoon Chamber of Commerce, Western Canadian Wheat Growers, Western Equipment Dealers Association, Canadian Ta x p a y e r s F e d e r a t i o n , A g r i c u l t u r a l Producers Association of Saskatchewan, Sask Milk, and the Saskatchewan Chamber of Commerce. The SSGA is also asking the government

to investigate the possibility of using a joint venture to help agricultural producers transfer land from one generation to the next, said MacPherson. Joint ventures are an agreement by which two or more parties share the risk of transition or rollover of property and assets. The SSGA also resolved to lobby the provincial government to provide adequate funding to all transitioned former PFRA pastures to implement weed management plans to limit the further spread of invasive weeds. They also want to lobby the provincial and federal governments to restore the AgriStability coverage levels and margins to previous levels for the Next Policy Framework. AgriStability coverage levels and margins were reduced under Growing Forward 2.

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CELEBRATING OUR AG COMMUNITY We salute our farmers and agriculture industry for their contributions to our local and national communities. Their efforts plant the seeds of prosperity, nourishing our bodies as well as our community. Your efforts are truly appreciated.

R.M. of Clayton No. 333 Council and Staff


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Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Sask Wheat advocates for Saskatchewan producers Sourced from Saskatchewan Wheat

Saskatchewan Wheat Development Commission chair Bill Gehl and general manager Harvey Brooks made a trip to Ottawa on February 1 and 2 to advocate for farmer-focussed transportation policy

and market transparency changes on behalf of Saskatchewan wheat producers, following January’s annual general meeting. The trip was also an opportunity to update federal officials on important business arising from the AGM, including the

approval of a resolution for Sask Wheat to assume the collection and financial responsibilities of the transitional Western Canadian Deduction (WCD) under the Sask Wheat check-off. Gehl and Brooks met with several elected and g o v e r n m e n t o ff i c i a l s ,

including important meetings with officials from Tr a n s p o r t C a n a d a a n d Agriculture and AgriFood Canada. Among the issues discussed were the anticipated changes to the Canadian Transportation A c t ( C TA ) r e g a r d i n g grain transportation that were announced by Transport Minister Marc Garneau in December 2016. “Sask Wheat felt it was important to engage with both Transport Canada and Agriculture Canada officials prior to any changes to the CTA to ensure farmer voices were still being heard,” said Gehl, who farms north of Regina. “After Sask Wheat and other farm groups met with the ministers of transport and agriculture last fall, we heard positive messages from the government on maintaining the MRE (Maximum Revenue Entitlement) and interswitching distances. We want to make sure farmers are still being heard and that our needs will be met by any upcoming CTA changes.” Sask Wheat, along with SaskBarley and the Agricultural Producers Association of Saskatchewan (APAS),

formed a producers’ coalition on grain transportation and submitted recommendations for the C TA R e v i e w P a n e l i n December 2014 and in September 2016. Each submission recommended a full railway costing review, the maintenance of the MRE, and called for mandatory reporting on grain handling and transportation system functionality. The meetings with the federal officials gave Sask Wheat the opportunity to discuss the transition of the WCD to provincial wheat and barley commissions. The WCD, which funds wheat research and the Canadian International Grains Institute (Cigi), will be ending on July 31, 2017. Producers at Sask Wheat’s AGM on J a n u a r y 11 a p p r o v e d the resolution to assume the $0.48/tonne WCD check-off under the Sask Wheat check-off, which currently sits at $0.52/ tonne. The resolution also called for the continuation of funding for Cigi and wheat research currently funded through the Western Grains Research Foundation (WGRF). “We took this message to Ottawa and emphasized

the need for the federal government to remain invested in publicly-funded wheat research. We will find solutions to issues such as pests, diseases and environmental factors quicker and more precisely if there is a commitment from producers, governments and the private sector to fund wheat research.” While in Ottawa, Sask Wheat discussed the need for improved information and market transparency with government o ff i c i a l s . F o r a n o p e n and transparent market t o f u n c t i o n p r o p e r l y, information gaps in the Canadian system must be identified and steps must be taken to ensure that information such as freeon-board (FOB) prices and basis levels are available for the benefit of producers. “Consistent, transparent and clear shipping information is critical for the farmers to move grain and improve market access,” said Gehl. “The need for better information and for the increased involvement of the federal government in collecting and distributing that information were key points that we stressed in these meetings.”

To all our farmers in Crossroads Country, we SALUTE YOU and wish you a safe and promising season ahead.

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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page 9

Canadian farming forecast suggests continued positive economic outlook Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada has released the 2017 Canadian Agricultural Outlook. The report provides a forecast of farm income in the agricultural sector for the previous and current calendar years (2016 and 2017), and looks ahead to longer term trends that could impact the agriculture sector. In 2016 and 2017, Net Cash Income is forecast to see slight declines, but will remain above the 2011- 2015 average, said a release from Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. The primary driver of declining income is weakness in North American livestock markets as cattle and calf prices descend from record high levels observed in 2015. Crop receipts are expected to increase in both 2016 and 2017 due to strong marketing, or volumes marketed, of canola in 2016, and

an overall increase in grain marketing in 2017 as the large crop harvested last fall works its way through the grain marketing system, the release said. Most indicators suggest a continuing positive economic situation for the sector. A growing world population, increasing disposable incomes in developing nations and increasing trade in farm products present opportunities to further grow the Canadian agriculture sector. “Canada’s agriculture and agri-food industry are key drivers of the Canadian economy,” said Lawrence MacAulay, minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food. “The Government of Canada will support the continued growth of the sector by investing in research and innovation, working to open new markets around the world and collaborating with our provincial and territorial partners.”

Safety on the farm is crucially important Sourced from Canadian Agricultural Safety Association Agriculture is one of Saskatchewan’s largest and most hazardous industries. Incidents occur more often during critical farming times and can cause n e e d l e s s s u ff e r i n g a n d consequently reduce farm revenues. On average, 13 people

are killed on Saskatchewan farms each year. Of these fatal injuries, 75 per cent involve machinery such as grain trucks, semis, tractors and combines. Most incidents occur in the farm yard and of all serious injuries that happen, 14 per cent involve youth. (Statistics provided by the Saskatchewan Farm Injury Surveillance Program at the University of

Saskatchewan.) Everyone can do his or her part to help make Saskatchewan farms safer. A few tips to remember during critical farming times include: Be sure to replace all guards and shields following maintenance and repairs. A few extra minutes might save your life or a limb. Continued on Page 10

R.M. of Preeceville No. 334 Every day, we eat, drink, wear, plant, feed and enjoy what Saskatchewan farmers work hard to provide. Now it’s time to recognize and salute the valuable efforts and achievements of the province’s agriculture industry.

Highlights of the Canadian agriculture outlook include: • Net cash income in 2016 is estimated to experience a modest two per cent annual decline to $14.8 billion. A decline of seven per cent to $13.8 billion is expected in 2017, however 2016 and 2017 are still expected to be the second and fourth best years on record, respectively. • Livestock receipts in Canada are expected to decrease by seven per cent in 2016 to $23.9 billion as a result of downward pressure on North American red meat prices from growing meat supplies in the U.S. with a further decline of four per cent for 2017. • Crop receipts are expected to increase two

per cent to $32.6 billion in 2016, and increase by a further one per cent to $32.9 billion in 2017. • With lower market receipts anticipated in both forecast years, program payments are expected to make up some of the shortfall, increasing by 24 per cent in 2016 to $2.6 billion, and by a further 22 per cent in 2017 to reach $3.2 billion. • Farm operating expenses are forecast to decline by about one per cent in 2016, to $44.2 billion, and increase by two per cent in 2017 to $45.1 billion. • The net worth of the average farm is expected to increase, reaching $2.8 million in 2017.

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Page 10

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Safety on the farm is crucially important Continued from Page 9 Watch for overhead lines when moving equipment, augers, bins and when loading grain trucks and semis. If you have additional help for farming activities, make sure to properly train them. Change jobs periodically. Get out and take a short walk. If youth are recruited to

help with farming, make sure the activities are age appropriate and the youth are properly trained and supervised. The Farm Safety Guide is another great resource that provides advice about training, clarifies employer and worker roles and responsibilities, and identifies workplace hazards on the farm.

You can also visit the Canadian Agricultural Safety Association’s Website for other valuable farm safety tools, such as the Canada Farm Safe Plan. If you are a farmer, you are not exempt from Saskatchewan’s health and safety laws. The Saskatchewan Employment Act covers the health and safety of both

Your Search For The Right Mechanic Stops Here. At Redline Chrysler we offer a full service shop with 2 Chrysler certified and fully accredited Journeymen Mechanics. We can take care of Saskatchewan safeties, wheel alignments, tire sales and installations, brake inspections and all other vehicle related service and repairs.

farmers and farm workers, especially where an employer-employee relationship exists. As a farmer or farm operator, that employs farm worker(s), you must: • Provide a safe working environment for the worker. • Provide orientation for the location of first aid supplies; fire and emergency procedures; prohibited or restricted areas; and chemical and physical hazards. • Ensure that each worker understands and complies with the provisions of the Act and regulations that apply to the work being done. • Ensure that workers know their rights under the legislation, that they have the right to know, the right to participate, and the right to refuse. • Provide hazard information - ensure that the worker understands the potential hazards, and the precautions that must be taken to avoid the risk of injury or illness associated with their daily work tasks.

• Ensure that training for workers includes knowledge about workplace hazards and any other information needed to keep them safe; and an explanation of safe work procedures and a practical demonstration by the worker to show that they have acquired the necessary knowledge and skills. • Supervise the worker. This means monitoring the worker’s activities to ensure s/he is working safely and being available to assist and answer any questions. Usually more supervision is needed when a worker is undertaking new or hazardous tasks. • Identify who the supervisor is (e.g., If multiple family members are involved in the farming operation, who does the worker answer to?) • Inform the worker of their own responsibility to follow safe work practices, use the safety equipment provided and bring any unsafe condition(s) or equipment to the attention of the

New funding for crop related research projects

Oil changes at Redline Chrysler come with a free 16 Point vehicle inspection so that we can inform our customers of any needed maintenance or repairs.

Sourced through the Western Grains Research Foundation

Free Wi-Fi, coffee and popcorn in our customer waiting area.

Our parts department offers wheel and tire packages, accessories for all makes and models as well as vehicle part orders from several different suppliers. It is strongly recommended by the manufacturer that all services be performed by a dealership in order to maintain factory specifications and ensure that we can go to bat for the customer should any warrantable issues arise.

Free use of courtesy vehicle for customers who have purchased a vehicle from Redline Chrysler Free in town shuttle for service customers.

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Monday – Friday: 8 am - 5:45 pm Saturday: 9 am - 1 pm



Through a continuing cofunding partnership with the Agriculture Development Fund (ADF) and other producer commodity groups, Western Grains Research Foundation (WGRF) announced over $500,000 of new funding for 10 croprelated research projects. Producers are committed to investing in agricultural research, said Dave Sefton, WGRF board chair. WGRF is pleased to be supporting

10 new promising research projects in almost all crops, that will likely lead to improved crop production for western Canadian producers. “Co-funding partnerships like the one between WGRF and ADF help maximize the investment we as producers make,” Sefton said. The WGRF Endowment Fund is used to fund crop research projects that benefit all producers through improved agricultural systems, technology and agronomic practices. Some of the projects

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employer. • Keep in place and maintain all safety shields, safety latches and safety devices. • Discuss safe work practices (the how and why) for each work-related activity. • Be available to adequately supervise and provide assistance to workers when help is needed. • Openly discuss work practices, remain open for questions and acknowledge suggestions for improvement from a worker. • Supply personal protective equipment (PPE), and instruct the worker about the requirement to wear PPE and how to correctly use and maintain it. • Discuss safe handling of chemicals and controlled products. • Report fatal incidents, serious injuries and dangerous occurrences to the Occupational Health and Safety Division. Consider insurance coverage (Workers’ Compensation Board (WCB) or private insurance).




receiving funding include: management of stored crops, improvement of flax and pulse varieties, enhancing blackleg resistance, investigating optimal inputs for lentils, integration of agronomy and breeding to reduce disease in fall rye. A full listing of projects will be posted on the WGRF website once research contracts are in place. WGRF established this funding partnership with ADF in 2013, said Garth Patterson, WGRF executive director. Since that time WGRF has invested over $12.7 million into over 100 research projects in partnership with ADF and crop commissions. “Our ability to reach out to and work with other research funders and grower groups is one of WGRFs greatest strengths,” Patterson said. WGRF is a farmer funded and directed non-profit organization investing in agricultural research that benefits western Canadian producers. WGRF is the largest producer funder of variety development and field crop research in Canada. Since 1981, the WGRF board has given producers a voice in agricultural research funding decisions. WGRF manages an endowment fund and the wheat and barley variety development check-off funds, investing over $19 million in 2016 into breeding and field crop research.

Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page 11

Nykolaishen Farm Equip. Ltd. KAMSACK, SK 306-542-2814

SWAN RIVER, MB 204-734-3466



2013 JOHN DEERE 4730

2012 JOHN DEERE 9510R

2015 JOHN DEERE R4045

2012 BOURGAULT 3320

2007 ROGATOR 1074

2055 hrs., 710/42 duals, P/S, full auto. trac.

1085 hrs., 2 sets of tires, full GPS, very nice condition, 100 ft. boom.

2018 hrs., 520/46 triples, 78 gal. pump, cast weights. Was $339,000

945 hrs., 120 ft. dual HTC, full GPS, 2 sets of tires.

66 Foot XTC MRB Dry/NH3 10” Space

2250 hrs., 100 ft., 1080 gal. S/S tank, full GPS.










2012 JOHN DEERE 4940

2014 BOURGAULT 7950


2012 BOURGAULT 5810

120 ft., 1435 hrs., 2 sets of tires, full GPS, HTC.

Conveyor 10 port ASC D/S Scale Saddle Tank Duals

HF, 76 ft., 10” space, MRB dry, 7700 ASC conveyor.

72 ft., 10” space, MRB steel press, 6450 s/s del. auger.





3 In Stock


Only 1 Left


1998 BOURGAULT 5710

2008 JOHN DEERE 1835/1910

1998 JOHN DEERE 1820

64 FOOT 10” SPACE C/W 2002 5440 S/S

61’ 10” space, NH3 kit, 430 bu., single shoot 1910

52 Foot 10” Space C/W 1993 3225 Tank





4WD TRACTORS 2016 JD 9620 RX / PTO ............................$660,000 2015 JD 9620R/PTO, 710 HRS ....................$510,000 2016 JD 9570R/PTO.................................... $535,000 2015 JD 9570R .............................................. JUST IN 2015 JD 9570R/PTO, 691 HRS ....................$495,000 2015 JF 9570R/PTO, 538 HRS ....................$495,000 2015 JD 9520R/PTO, 647 HRS ....................$475,000 2014 JD 9560R .............................................. JUST IN 2014 JD 9560R/PTO, 833 HRS ....................$434,000 2014 JD 9560R, 673 HRS .............................$419,000 2012 JD 9560R, 2202 HRS ...........................$339,000 2014 JD 9510R, 1035 HRS ...........................$395,000 2012 JD 9510R, 1596 HRS ...........................$359,000 2012 JD 9510R, 2018 HRS ...........................$325,000 2014 JD 9460R/PTO, 600 HRS ....................$409,000 2013 JD 9460R, 900 HRS .............................$325,000 2013 JD 9360R POWERSHIFT/PTO, 1565 HRS ......................................................$270,000 2010 JD 9630, 2520 HRS .............................$249,000 1993 JD 8970, 8534 HRS ...............................$85,000 JD 8450 ...........................................................$25,000 2012 NEW HOLLAND T9560, 2055 HRS. ....$269,000 2014 CASE 470, 380 HRS ............................$375,000

TRACK TRACTORS 2015 JD 9570RT/PTO, 700 HRS ..................$489,000 SOLD 2015 JD 9570 RT/PTO 900 HRS ..................$469,000 2013 CASE 500 QUAD TRAC/PTO, 2600 HRS ......................................................$368,000 2013 CASE 500 QUAD TRAC/PTO, 2800 HRS ......................................................$368,000 2013 CASE 500 QUAD TRAC, 1900 HRS....$359,000

2WD TRACTORS 2014 JD 7215 MFWD, 1051 HRS .................$208,000 2011 JD 7200R/LOADER, 5956 HRS. .........$145,000 2015 JD 6215 MFWD/LOADER ...................$215,000 2012 JD 6170 MFWD/LOADER ...................$139,000 2013 JD 6140D, MFWD, CAB, LOADER, 1500 HRS. .......................................................$79,500 2010 JD 5105M/LOADER, 2755 HRS. ...........$66,000 1989 JD 4255 MFWD/NEW ENGINE/740 LOADER.........................................................$65,000 1989 JD 2755 CAB/LOADER .........................$32,500 2013 CASE PUMA 145, 2058 HRS ..............$125,000 1991 CASE 7130 .............................................$39,000

SPRAYERS 2016 JD 4045/1200 GAL TANK, CAPSTAN, PINPOINT, 437 HRS .....................................$588,000 SOLD 2016 JD 4045/1200 GAL TANK....................$558,000 2016 JD 4045/1200 GAL TANK....................$545,000 2015 JD 4045/1200 GAL TANK, CAPSTAN, PINPOINT, 571 HRS ................................................................$548,000 2015 JD 4045/1200 GAL TANK....................$518,000





2013 CASE 4430 120 Foot, AIM, Full Gps, 2 sets of tires Rove HTC 1268 hrs



2015 JD 4045/1200 GAL TANK....................$495,000 2016 JD 4038, 20 HRS .................................$498,000 2012 JD 4940 1435 HRS., 120 FT., 2 SETS OF TIRES, FULL GPS.........................................$275,000 2013 JD 4940 120 FT., 2 SETS OF TIRES, FULL GPS .....................$335,000 2014 JD 4940 1229 HRS., 120 FT., 2 SETS OF TIRES, FULL GPS.........................................$349,000 JD 4930'S.......................................... FROM $179,500 JD 4920'S.......................................... FROM $115,000 2010 JD 4830 100 FT., 1526 HRS., 2 SETS OF TIRES, FULL GPS.........................................$249,000 2013 JD 4830 100 FT., 1094 HRS., 2 SETS OF TIRES, FULL GPS.........................................$299,000 JD 4720'S.......................................... FROM $159,000 JS 4710'S .......................................... FROM $129,000 AG CHEM 1074 ............................................$124,750 AG CHEM 994 ..............................................$189,750 CASE 4260 ......................................................$99,000 AGRO/SPRA-COUPE 4660............................$74,000 2013 JD 4940 ................................................. JUST IN 2013 JD 4730 1085 HRS. .............................$259,000

SEEDING EQUIPMENT 86’ BOURGAULT 3320 C/W 71300 (‘16)..... $635,000 76’ BOURGAULT 3320 C/W 7700 (‘16) MRB’S .......................................................... $535,000 ONLY 1 LEFT 60’ BOURGAULT 3710 (‘14) MRB’S ..........................................................$209,000 NEW NOW 76’ BOURGAULT 3320 C/W 7700 (‘13) MRB’S .......................................................... $398,000 75’ BOURGAULT 3310 C/W 6700 (‘11) MRB’S ..........................................................$320,000 75’ BOURGAULT 3310 C/W 6550 (‘11) MRB’S ..........................................................$268,000 72’ BOURGAULT 5810 C/W 6450 MRB’S .. $239,000 40’ BOURGAULT 8800 C/W 4350 .................$45,009 64’ BOURGAULT 5710 C/W 5440 MRB’S .... $88,000 64’ BOURGAULT 5710 C/W 5440 MRB’S ....$58,009 54’ BOURGAULT 5710 C/W 4350 MRB’S ....$59,009 50’ BOURGAULT 5710 C/W 5250 MRB’S ....$38,009 47’ BOURGAULT 5710 .................................. $39,000 43’ JD 1895 C/W 1910 (‘09) .........................$139,750 NOW 61’ JD 1835 .....................................................$79,000 52’ JD 1820 C/W 1900 ...................................$39,009 52’ JD 1820 C/W 3225 ...................................$29,509 57’ NEW HOLLAND SD440 C/W SC4350 (‘04) .....................................................$75,009 45’ FLEXI-COIL 5000 C/W CASE 3430 (‘11) .................................... $70,009 57’ FLEXI-COIL 5000 C/W 3450 (2000) .........$45,009 57’ FLEXI-COIL 5000 C/W 2320 (‘92) ............$25,009

AIR SEEDER CARTS 2016 BOURGAULT 71300 ............................$309,000 BOURGAULT 7700’S ........................ FROM $188,009 2016 BOURGAULT 7550 ..............................$169,000 OLD





2011 BOURGAULT 6550 D/S, X20, Duals, Bag lift 4 Tank Meter





5 meter saddle tank, bulk boom, ASC 10 port.






2011 BOURGAULT 3310

PTO, 78 gal. pump, 1548 hrs., 800/38 IF duals. $

60 ft., 10” space MRB dry, upgraged to 3720 new, never been used.

75 ft., 10” space MRB dry, double shoot.


2011 ROGATOR 994 1326 hrs., 100 ft., 900 gal. S/S tank, 2 sets of tires, full GPS.



Conveyer 8 port ASC D/S 850 Duals Scale Saddle Tank

2014 BOURGAULT 3710


2016 BOURGAULT 71300 SS

2016 BOURGAULT 7700

2014 JOHN DEERE 9560R



2004 CASE 4260 3202 hrs., 1200 gal. S/S AIM, 140 ft. boom, active susp., Raven HTC.


BOURGAULT 6700 .......................................$125,009 BOURGAULT 6550’S .......................... FROM $85,009 BOURGAULT 6450 .........................................$69,000 BOURGAULT 5440’S .......................... FROM $36,009 BOURGAULT 5350’S .......................... FROM $35,000 JD 1910’S............................................ FROM $33,000 JD 1900’S............................................ FROM $29,000 2011 CASE 3430 ............................................$55,000 FLEXI-COIL 2320 ............................................ $6,000 2014 BOURGAULT 7950 ............................... JUST IN 2013 BOURGAULT 7950 ............................... SOLD JUST IN





2015 AGRI-SPREAD AS-150 DEMO ...........$139,000 2015 JD DN345.............................................$139,000 2014 JD DN345.............................................$128,000 NEW LEADER L3030 FITS JD 4940 ..............$69,000 2014 VALMAR 7600........................................$59,509 AG CHEM 8130 TERRAGATOR .................... $39,000

TILLAGE 2014 60’ SALFORD 4160 .............................$155,000 2013 50’ SALFORD 4150 .............................$135,000 40’ LEMKEN HELIDOR ..................................$79,000 40’ DEGELMAN PROTILL (DEMO) .......... REDUCED 40’ JD 2623 VERTICAL TILL ..................... REDUCED 54’ BOURGAULT 9400 NEW ..................... REDUCED 60’ BOURGAULT 8810 ...................................$47,000 40’ BOURGAULT 8810 ...................................$25,000 82’ BRANDT 8200 (CARBIDE TIPS) ..............$39,000 2015 82’ DEGELMAN STRAWMASTER ........$54,500 2012 41’ JD 2410 ............................................$59,000 2014 41’ JD 2410, 200 ACRES ......................$85,000

MISC 3 PT. HITCH SNOWBLOWERS (USED) .................................................... From $2,800 CAT 470 SCRAPER ........................................$39,000 CAT 463F SCRAPER ......................................$38,000 DEGELMAN 7200 DOZER (FITS JD 9620) ... $33,000 SCHULTE SDX-102 SNOWBLOWER (NEW) ..............................................................$10,000 BRANDT 16X125 GRAIN AUGER (15)...........$49,500 2014 BRANDT 20-95 CONVEYOR ................$38,000 2011 BRANDT 20-95 CONVEYOR ................$29,000 2014 BATCO 1545FL CONVEYOR ................$18,500 BRANDT 1545 CONVEYORS............. FROM $16,800 2014 CONVEY-ALL CST-40 FERT. TENDER ..........................................................$85,000









AG CHEM 1254







COMBINES 2016 JD S690 (LESS HEADER) ...................$555,000 2016 JD S680 (LESS HEADER) ...................$525,000 2015 JD S690 (LESS HEADER) ...................$485,000 2015 JD S680 (LESS HEADER) ...................$455,000 2014 JD S690 (LESS HEADER) ...................$399,000 2013 JD S690 (LESS HEADER) ...................$359,000 2009 JD 9870 (LESS HEADER), 1200 HRS ......................................................$192,000 2004 JD 9860 (LESS HEADER) 2600 HRS ....................................................$115,000 2008 JD 9770 (LESS HEADER), 1453 HRS ......................................................$159,000 2004 JD 9760 (LESS HEADER) 1700 HRS .....................................................$118,000 2004 JD 9660 (LESS HEADER) 2015 HRS .................................................... $118,000 2001 JD 9650 (LESS HEADER) 2120 HRS ....................................................... $69,000 2011 CASE 9120 (LESS HEADER), 1300 HRS ......................................................$199,009 2009 CASE 8120 (LESS HEADER), 1300 HRS ......................................................$179,009 2006 CASE 8010, 2014 HRS ........................$131,750 2010 NEW HOLLAND SC8080, 1358 HRS ......................................................$189,000 2006 NEW HOLLAND CR960, 1658 HRS ......$95,200 2002 NEW HOLLAND CX840.........................$89,000

SWATHERS 2014 40’ JD W150, 218 HRS ........................$129,000 2013 35’ JD W150, 535 HRS ........................$129,000 2014 30’ MACDON M155 + 2014 16’ HAY HEADER, 567 HRS .............................$159,000 2014 35’ JD W235 ........................................$145,000 2014 35’ JD W235 ......................................... JUST IN 2013 35’ MACDON M155 .............................. JUST IN 2011 30’ JD A400 .......................................... JUST IN

HEADERS 2016 JD 635D HEADSITE/CROSS AUGER/TRANS ..............................................$89,000 2015 JD 635D HEADSITE/CROSS AUGER/TRANS ..............................................$86,000 2014 JD 635D HEADSITE/CROSS AUGER/TRANS ..............................................$83,000 2014 JD 635D CROSS AUGER ......................$75,000 2013 JD 635D CROSS AUGER ......................$69,500 2012 JD 635D/TRANSPORT ..........................$59,000 2011 JD 635D/TRANSPORT ..........................$54,000 2009 JD 635D .................................................$39,000 2010 JD 635D/TRANSPORT ..........................$49,000 2010 JD 640D/TRANSPORT ........................ $49,000 30’ JD 635F FLEX HEADER ............... FROM $29,500 36’ MACDON FD75 FLEX DRAPER..................................................... REDUCED

Toll Free: 1-855-542-2814

Page 12

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

2016 Canola Performance Trial results now online Results are in for the 2016 Canola Performance Trials (CPT). Data from the science-based, third-party variety evaluations for both small-plot and field-scale trials have now been uploaded to the online comparison tool at www.canolaperformancetrials.ca. A summary booklet is also available for download at the site. The searchable database now includes six years of data on yield, height, lodging and days to maturity, covering a wide range of growing season conditions, said a release. Online tools include interactive maps and the ability to refine searches by province, season zone (short, mid or long), herbicide tolerance (HT) system or trial type (small plot or field scale). Data can be viewed by searching all varieties or as a comparison between specific varieties (displaying either all available data for each or a head-to-head comparison). “The CPT program continues to publish high-quality data from both the small-plot and field-scale sites,” says Nicole Philp, CCC agronomy specialist and CPT colead. “Small-plot and field-scale sites were inspected by the committee or other independent agronomists throughout the year, and all yield data was collected using weigh wagons. In addition, grower cooperators sign-off was required in order for all of the field-scale site data to be considered for the final dataset.” The three Prairie canola grower groups – the Alberta Canola Producers Commission, the Saskatchewan Canola Development Commission (SaskCanola) and the Manitoba Canola Growers Association – fund the program. The B.C. Grain Producers Association conducted trials in the Peace region as its means of participation. The provincial oilseed specialists and industry scientists provide expertise. The Canola Council of Canada delivers the CPT program. Commercial canola varieties tested in the 2016 trials are from Bayer CropScience, BrettYoung Seeds, Canterra Seeds, Cargill, DL Seeds, DuPont Pioneer, Monsanto, Proven Seed/CPS and Syngenta. Haplotech, led by Dr. Rale Gjuric, co-ordinated the trials under the guidance of a governance committee that oversees approval of varieties, protocol design, data collection, analysis and reporting, and financial

management. The CPT program includes both small-plot and fieldscale trials. Published results for 2016 are based on 13 small-plot trials and 50 standard field-scale trials across the Prairies. The Canola Council of Canada is a full value chain organization representing canola growers, processors,

Celebrating 150 years of agriculture Celebrations are underway for Canada’s 150th and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) will be joining in on the festivities. Agriculture has deep roots in our nation’s history, and AAFC has been there since the beginning, said a release from AAFC. Did you know that the Department of Agriculture was created on July 1, 1867? At AAFC, we’re celebrating 150 years of leadership in the growth, development and sustainability of the Canadian agriculture and agri-food sector. In the fall of 2016, AAFC employees worked together to produce an innovative video showcasing Canada’s 150th anniversary logo cut out in a wheat field in Saskatchewan. This inspiring Canada 150 – It’s Just the Beginning video reflects the Canadian prairies, history, farming, culture and Canada’s future. Come celebrate 150 years with us at agr.gc.ca/


(306) 562-0275 ianbarrythomas@yahoo.ca Box 1874 Canora, SK S0A 0L0

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life science companies and exporters. Keep it Coming 2025 is the strategic plan to ensure the canola industry’s continued growth, demand, stability and success – achieving 52 bushels per acre to meet global market demand of 26 million tonnes by the year 2025. The CCC was to celebrate its 50th anniversary at the annual Canola Council Convention, March 7-9 in Winnipeg.


Box 1447, Kamsack, Saskatchewan S0A 1S0 Phone/Fax: (306) 542-4184 Residence: (306) 542-3249 459 - 3rd Ave. S., Kamsack Personalized Service: Accounting, Income Tax, Payroll

agriculture150. We’ll be updating the page regularly throughout 2017 with videos, events and more,

so bookmark us and check back for new content and events. One may also stay

connected through Facebook and Twitter as we celebrate agriculture throughout 2017.

Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page 13

Using crossbreeding to your advantage when expanding your herd By Naomi Paley, BSA, PAg Regional Livestock Specialist, Yorkton For the first time in several years, Canadian beef cow numbers saw an increase of 0.3 per cent overall in 2016. According to Stats Canada, beef heifer retention was up 4.5 per cent at 641,800 head, the largest since 2008. However, the cost of replacement females for a cow-calf operation is significant. Selecting replacement females is challenging, especially when you consider that decisions made now will impact your operation for many years. As commercial cow-calf producers evaluate the opportunity to expand, it is important to consider the value that crossbreeding can bring to your bottom line. The advantages of crossbreeding are well documented and can have a big impact on your net return. Heterosis (hybrid vigor) and breed complementarity are the primary benefits realized from a properly planned crossbreeding program. Heterosis is the increase in performance or function above what is expected based on the parents of the offspring. Breed complementarity allows a breeder to capitalize on the strengths of different breeds because no single breed excels at all of the traits that affect profitability. Maternal heterosis Maternal heterosis is the advantage realized by using a crossbred cow versus a straightbred cow. Research has shown that crossbred cows can have many advantages, including a six per cent higher calving rate, a four pe rcent higher calf survival rate, an eight per cent increase in efficiency, a 38 per cent increase in longevity and a 23 per cent increase in lifetime productivity. These advantages will be optimized when the breeds and individuals you select to create the crossbred cow fit your environment, resources and goals. Breed complementarity Another advantage of crossbreeding is

the opportunity to capitalize on breed complementarity. This involves evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of potential breeds and selecting those that complement each other. The result should be an animal that has the best traits of those breeds. Common examples include the Black Baldie (Angus x Hereford) and SimAngus (Simmental x Angus), as well as many other combinations. The traits that are most important to you should be based on the goals of your operation. Direct heterosis Direct heterosis is the benefit observed in a crossbred calf. On average, these advantages include a four per cent increase in calf survival, a five per cent increase in weaning weight and a six per cent increase in postweaning gain. However, these effects are greatly influenced by breed. Capturing maternal heterosis Perhaps the easiest way to capture maternal heterosis is to identify the type of female you desire and buy her from a reliable, offfarm source. Depending on what you are looking for, this can be difficult. In addition, replacement heifers that are known for their quality and performance will command a high price. Alternatively, many producers retain their own heifers as replacements. Be sure that raising your own heifers makes economic sense and then develop a breeding plan that will allow you to capture heterosis. The Western Beef Development Centre has a replacement heifer calculator on its website that will help you to work through these costs. Visit the website at www.wbdc.sk.ca under the economics tab to find this tool. Identify the cow type and breeds that best fit your forage resources and feed inputs.

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Select breeds that complement each other and are consistent with your production goals. Choose the breed or breed crosses that will produce a calf acceptable to your marketing endpoint. This process can get complicated, but doesn’t need to be. It will be much easier to maintain a crossbreeding program if it is simple. Keep in mind that considerable variability exists within breeds, and there is a big difference between maximum and optimum. Also consider associated costs like increased cow size and milk production. The optimum system to produce replacement heifers will usually result in less than optimal steer mates, and this should be considered when evaluating the economics of developing your

own females. Capturing direct heterosis If you are purchasing females of unknown breeding or decide to use straight-bred females, you can still capture some of the benefits of heterosis. Identify what animal will produce the greatest profit at your marketing endpoint. For many producers, the primary factor to consider is calf weight. Identify the breed or breeds of bulls that will produce a desirable calf when mated to your females. Select bulls that excel in the traits of economic importance to you. The goal of most commercial cowcalf producers is to increase profitability. Determine your market endpoint and work backward to determine the type of animals that will produce the most profit within the constraints of your resources and environment. Using crossbreeding correctly can have a significant impact on your net return.

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Page 14

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Honey producers hope prices rise By Robert Arnason Brandon bureau, Western Producer Canadian honey producers are in a marketing bind. Other countries are grabbing a larger share of the U.S. market, and possibly for the first time ever, Canadian honey is selling at a steep discount to U.S. honey, said Guy Chartier, chief executive officer of Bee Maid Honey, a beekeeper-owned co-operative. “Overall, exports are trending down,” said Chartier, who spoke at the Manitoba Beekeepers’ Association conference, held late last month in Winnipeg. The American market is critical for Canadian beekeepers because about half of the honey produced in Canada is exported, and 80 to 90 per cent of it goes to the U.S. With sliding exports, and two consecutive years of strong production, many Canadian beekeepers are sitting on stockpiles. “Honey doesn’t necessarily spoil … but packers want to buy your same year honey,” said Mark Friesen, president of the Manitoba Beekeepers Association. Friesen said producers are sitting on their stocks waiting for prices to bounce back. Bulk honey prices in Western Canada were $2.20 per pound 18 to 20 months ago,

CANADIAN HONEY PRICES FALL For years, Canadian beekeepers received a similar price as American producers for honey, but that's changed over the last year. Canadian honey now sells at a deep discount to U.S. product, possibly because American grocers prefer to have “made in USA” white honey on their shelves.

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and beekeeping was profitable. However, the price dropped off a cliff last year, sinking to $1.20 to $1.30. A combination of factors pushed global prices lower, including: • robust production and huge stockpiles of honey;

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• a shift in the U.S. market, where packers are buying cheaper, dark coloured honey, and • exports of fake honey from China, a country that is responsible for 27 percent of global production. “The issue is how much of that is real honey (from China),” Chartier said. “That probably pushed prices down more than anything else.” China has a reputation for producing fake honey from corn syrup and poor honey loaded with contaminants. Industry analysts believe China ships its honey through third party countries, such as Ukraine or Thailand, to reach desirable export markets such as the United States and Europe, thus avoiding a “Made in China” label. “Both Thailand and Ukraine, the number of hives and level of beekeeping activity does not justify the quantity … of honey exported,” Ron Phipps, a global honey expert, said in a market report for the American Honey Producers Association. Data indicates suspicions around fake honey are likely correct. Global honey exports have jumped by 61 per cent in the last decade while the number of beehives rose by only eight per cent. Fake honey may depress global prices, but decisions in the U.S. market have also


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affected Canadian beekeepers. Chartier showed a timeline graph illustrating how Canadian and U.S. honey prices were almost identical for years. However, prices paid to Canadian producers dropped to US$1 per pound in late 2015 and in 2016 while American-produced honey stayed above $1.60 per pound. “This is something we’ve never really seen before; such a big gap.” Chartier suspects that American honey packers and importers changed their buying practices because bulk honey was trading around $2 per pound for a couple of years. American retailers were pushing back on the price, so packers had to make a choice. Retailers would either have to pay more for white honey or accept darker honey. Many packers and retailers chose the cheaper option. “If you see the honey on the store shelves (in the U.S.), it’s a lot darker in colour than honey in Canada.” As a result, lower quality imports from Ukraine, Vietnam and elsewhere have made gains in the U.S., cutting into Canada’s market share. Making matters worse, Canadian beekeepers produce lighter honey but U.S. buyers treat it the same as darker honey. That means Canadian honey is garnering the same price as darker honey from places such as Vietnam. Meanwhile, U.S. beekeepers continue to receive a premium price for their white honey. “Some of the retailers, if they’re going to have lighter colour honey, (they want it) to be U.S. domestic honey,” Chartier said. “So that has held up (U.S.) prices.” The U.S. switch to darker product could be permanent, but there is positive news around Chinese honey, Chartier said. European buyers are turning away from Chinese product and seeking imports. On the supply side, Chartier said Argentina, one of the world’s largest exporters, had a poor production season this year. “That’s caused a lot of buying activity in the last little while,” he said. Friesen has sold honey recently and prices have risen from lows of C$1.20 per pound.


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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page 15

Herbicide resistant weeds can be a concern By Lyndon Hicks, Regional Crop Specialist, Yorkton The 2017 planting season will soon be upon us. Producers are making final decisions about the types of crops to be grown this year. Although spraying season is a little further away, this is also a good time to think about the weed control measures that can be used to prevent the build up of herbicide resistant weeds. For some time now producers have been aware of the potential for weeds to develop resistance to specific herbicide groups/modes of action. The first documented cases in western Canada were wild oat and green foxtail that exhibited resistance to Group 1 herbicides. More recently we have seen the development of many more resistant weeds to other herbicide groups such as wild oat, kochia and wild mustard with Group 2 herbicides. Resistance develops as a result of repeated use of the same herbicide groups over extended periods. There may only be one plant in the initial population that has resistance. This plant will increase with repeated use of herbicides of the same group and after several years show up as a small patch of plants that were not controlled by herbicide application. By the time it is visible as a patch in the field, it could be as little as three years before the whole field is infested. It is important to recognize that, of all the herbicides available, there are only 30 groups or modes of action and only 18 of these are available in Saskatchewan (many are used on crops we don’t grow here). As well, roughly eight of these modes of action dominate the majority of applications made by Saskatchewan crop producers. Breakthroughs with new modes of action have been few and far between in recent decades due to the lack of additional metabolic pathways that can be interrupted in a plant to result in its death. Because of this, producers have few options other than to deal with herbicide resistance through preventative practices. There are a number of practices that can be used to prevent the development of resistant populations. For example; increasing crop diversity by rotating three or more types of crops (such as: cereals, oilseeds and pulses) will reduce the risk of developing herbicide resistance

over less diversified rotations. As well, tank mixes of different groups for control of the same weeds can reduce herbicide resistance risks. While rotation through various modes of action or groups of herbicides has been promoted as a way to slow resistance from developing, recent research has found that resistance evolution will continue under rotation strategies, just at a much slower pace. If producers suspect that they have some patches that

Seed of the Year West Awarded Seed of the Year West announced on March 1 that Strongfield was selected as the 2016-17 winner. Strongfield was developed by Dr. John Clarke and the wheat breeding team at AAFC Swift Current, said a release f r o m We s t e r n G r a i n s Research Foundation. Stongfield was available for the first time as certified seed for the 2006 season. By 2007 it was the number one durum in acres in western Canada. At its peak in 2011, Strongfield held two thirds of all durum acres in western Canada. The commercial launch of Strongfield came at a critical time when the Canadian market was under pressure from Europe to reduce cadmium concentration in durum exports, the release said. Strongfield was the first commercially successful

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are resistant they should prevent those plants from setting seed by either herbicide or mechanical means. Mark these patches since weed seed dormancy will mean that they will be back in the future. Producers may also wish to collect some seeds from those areas and have them tested to confirm your suspicions. For more information on management of herbicide resistant weed populations, producers may contact an Agriculture regional office.

durum variety with low cadmium, essentially saving the Canadian durum industry from potential European non-tariff trade barriers related to heavy metals in food products. “Strongfield has been SeCan’s number one selling durum for the last 10 years, and up until 2016 was still the number one durum in western Canada,” said Todd Hyra, business manager of Western Canada SeCan. “The fact it has maintained a large acreage for so long, and the fact that newest durum varieties have Strongfield in their parentage demonstrates the impact that the variety has had on the market from breeding programs right to the durum grower. “Products like this don’t come around very often –Strongfield is certainly a very worthy winner of Seed of the Year.” S e e d o f t h e Ye a r i s

designed to provide recognition seed varieties that have made a significant contribution to the e c o n o m y, a g r i c u l t u r e , and the Canadian public in general, it said. Although the name, Seed of the Year, indicates the contribution in a particular year, the program is much broader reaching and considers total lifetime achievement and contribution. “Seed of the Year believes it is important to recognize the value of our plant breeding programs, as well as encourage the entry of new plant breeders to the industry.” This year due to added sponsorships, Seed of the Year West was able to offer two $4,000 scholarships to students enrolled in a western Canadian university and currently completing a Masters or PhD in plant breeding or genetics. Azam

Nikzad, a PhD candidate and plant breeder at the University of Alberta and James Tucker a PhD candidate at the University of Manitoba and barley pathology for Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada were selected as scholars h i p r e c i p i e n t s b y D r. John Clarke. “I am very proud to have the support of the sponsors of this scholarship,” said Nikzad. “Recognition of my research as a winner for Seed of the Year scholarship is very encouraging for me to get closer to my goals.” “I am very honoured to receive this award and am grateful for the confidence that the seed industry has in me,” said Tucker. The Seed of the Year award was presented at the Prairie Grain Development Recognition Luncheon in Winnipeg.

Page 16

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Kamsack seed grower named provincial association president By Emma Meldrum Kamsack is home to C a n a d a ’s s e c o n d - e v e r president of a provincial seed growers association. Cathy Fedoruk was elected to the role in January at the Saskatchewan Seed Growers Association annual meeting. She previously held the vicepresident position. “I’m really excited about it. It’s an awesome group of people to work with,” said Fedoruk. Her only female p r e d e c e s s o r, D o n n a Edwards, was president of Saskatchewan’s

association in the early 2000s. “ We ’ r e b r e a k i n g ground a little bit, but you know, whether you’re a woman or a man, you’re still a seed grower. The job is the same,” Fedoruk said. “ Wo m e n h a v e b e e n involved in agriculture always and it’s just now that we’re starting to be recognized for the role that we have played and are doing on a daily basis. “I look at myself not as being a woman who’s a seed grower, but a seed grower who happens to be a woman,” she said.

She didn’t start out as a farm girl. “I grew up in Prince Albert,” she said, recalling summer trips to an uncle’s farm. “In 1980, I moved to Kamsack as a teacher and married a farmer, and the rest is kind of history. I taught for a few years and then stayed home with the family and got more and more involved with the family farm.” Fedoruk always enjoyed being outside, but didn’t know much about farming. “Back in 1980, I probably didn’t know a

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Cathy Fedoruk, who was recently elected president of the Saskatchewan Seed Growers Association and her husband Rod, enjoyed a “supper in the field” during the harvest of 2014, which she says is kind of a family tradition. With the couple are their granddaughters Clara and Elyse.

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combine from a cultivator, but it was kind of a life that almost picked me.” She has since made up for lost time. “When opportunity arose, I always would go for a ride with my husband in the tractor. Slowly, (I) learned and I do operate the combine from time to

time,” Fedoruk said. Now, she and her husband Rod and son Mike own and operate Fedoruk Seeds. It’s very much a family business. “We have three daughters. They come home and everyone participates at some point in time in harvest or seeding,” she said.

“Because it’s a family farm, it becomes the focus of our family. Everybody comes back and contributes and participates. It’s wonderful.” Fedoruk saw it as a natural next step to become an active member of the seed growers’ association. Continued on Page 17

THANK YOU We would like to take this opportunity to recognize the contributions farmers have made to our great province. Your industry truly is the “heartbeat” of Saskatchewan.

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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page 17

Challenge is to keep up with technology and to work hand in hand with plant breeders Continued from Page 16 “Every time we went to the meetings, we were so impressed with the professionalism of the organization, that we just thought it was natural that we wanted to become involved and help to shape the future.” Now, at the head of the board, Fedoruk has her eyes on that future. “(I’d like to) continue the good work that’s been done in the past, to work with the board to find ways we can improve efficiencies and cost effectiveness of our business.” The association represents seed growers to

both provincial and federal governments as well as industry stakeholders. “We try to…keep our growers up and educated on current topics, and represent them if they have concerns about the seed industry.” Communication works both ways. “Our members are very vocal and they will let us know when something is concerning them, or something needs extra attention. We have very good communication with our seed grower members.” Fedoruk noted that the association has good

attendance at its annual meetings and its executive director, Dave Akister is in frequent contact with farmers and seed growers. “Our challenge is to not just keep up with the technology, but almost to work hand in hand with the plant breeders to make sure these technologies transfer to the farmers who need them.” The association is working on tackling some of the challenges faced by their members. “The fusarium has been quite a problem in the last little while in our area, so we’re trying to

access varieties that have better resistance. Midge fly has been a problem – we’re getting varieties that have resistance to midge flies.” All in all, Fedoruk is enthusiastic about her work with the association. “ To b e p a r t o f t h i s industry and to be leading a group of professional seed growers, it’s a source of a lot of pride for me,” she said. “Seed growers are the link between all the new technologies and the farmers. “It’s a really, really important part of the agriculture value chain.”

Cathy Fedoruk was photographed at the Warburton Bakery in Nottingham, England in the spring of 2016. Warburton’s buys Canadian wheat to blend with their flour to make bread and crumpets in England and Fedoruk Seeds supplies some of the seed to farmers who grow and sell wheat for the Warburton bakeries.

Perennial forages can be used as a tool to rescue saline and erodible soils By Nadia Mori, PAg, Regional Forage Specialist Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture Protecting soil health and increasing crop production can go hand in hand. Perennial forages are not just a good source of livestock feed, they are also an invaluable tool in stabilizing saline soils and soils at risk of erosion. Perennial forages can reduce soil salinity. It’s not magic, just science. Salinity is caused by excessive evaporation of water containing dissolved salts. When the water evaporates at the soil surface, the salt crystals are left behind and can increase soil salinity over time. Salt-tolerant forages help lower the water table and reduce the amount of salt crystals deposited on the soil surface. Alfalfa in particular is a thirsty forage legume, and its taproot can access moisture deep in the soil. So

long as salt concentrations are low enough that seedlings can be established, alfalfa is a great legume to include in forage mixtures for saline areas. Perennial forages are overall great soil builders. The extensive root systems of forage grasses can access nutrients deep in the soil layers beyond the reach of annual crops. As roots die and are replaced, they leave behind fine soil channels which increase soil aeration and water infiltration, essentially giving the soil a sponge-like absorptive quality. The year-round vegetative cover provided by forages holds the soil in place, captures snow and slows spring runoff. Any soil at risk of erosion can benefit from perennial forage cover. The Farm Stewardship program, funded under the federal-provincial territorial Growing Forward 2 initiative, helps producers protect high-risk erodible and

saline soils through the establishment of perennial forages. This Best Management Practice (BMP) is offered as a rebate, meaning that, after the forage establishment work has been completed, cost-share funding is provided to qualifying applicants. Because certain restrictions apply, it is best to discuss the project with a regional forage specialist prior to purchasing any forage seed. Forage seed should be ordered early, as certain forage varieties can sell out. If you plan on taking advantage of this BMP funding, 2017 is the year to do so. Rebate applications have to be submitted by January 31, 2018, which only leaves the 2017 growing season to get those seeds in the ground. Persons wishing additional information may contact a regional forage specialis or the Agriculture Knowledge Centre.

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Page 18

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page 19

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Page 20

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Calf scours is responsible for more economic losses than any other calf disease By Dr. Ellen Amundsen-Case, Kamsack

costs of treating scouring calves may be significant. Stricken calves which survive may fail to reach their genetic potential due to poor performance and retarded growth after a poor start. Calf scours is a complex disease syndrome with a variety of infectious and non-infectious factors involved. Effective management requires a comprehensive program that reduces environmental

Baby calf diarrhea, or calf scours, is responsible for more economic losses than any other calf disease. Calves are at their most vulnerable within the first few weeks of life. Affected calves may develop severe dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, acidosis, and secondary infections. Ti m e a n d f i n a n c i a l

stress, optimizes nutrition, and protects against infection. On a routine examination, it is not possible to differentiate between the common known causes of diarrhea in newborn calves, nor to predict which antibiotics, if any, may be expected to be beneficial in treatment. Therefore, samples of diarrhea or post mortem tissue may be sent to the laboratory for testing.

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Causes may be viral, bacterial, or parasitic. However, it is important to consider that noninfectious causes create conditions which permit infections to occur. Non-infectious predisposition to calf scours is influenced by cow factors, nutrition, calving, and environment. Cow factors include undernourishment throughout pregnancy or parasites. Nutritional deficiencies of the cow may include fermented feeds, changes in feedstuffs, overeating, or vitamin/mineral imbalance. Calving factors include first calf heifers, difficult calving, inadequate or poor quality colostrum (first milk), or poor quality milk replacer. Environmental issues include adverse weather, inadequate ventilation, overcrowding, substandard sanitation and poor drainage. The most important factor in prevention of calf scours is early and generous intake of colostrum (within four hours of birth). Colostrum from old cows is better than colostrum from heifers. There are commercially available colostrum products. Vaccination of cows can improve quality of colostrum. The quality and quantity of colostrum will vary between dams. Calves are born without any antibodies to protect them from infectious diseases. Colostrum is very high in antibodies and will protect the calf until its own immune system is capable of producing protection. Intake of colostrum must occur within the first 24 hours of life while the calf has the ability to absorb the antibodies from the intestine. Absorption is reduced by

50 per cent by 12 hours after birth. A calf should receive between 10 and 15 per cent of its body weight in the first 12 hours of life, preferably within the first six hours. Failure of this transfer will significantly increase the likelihood of the calf succumbing to an infectious disease within the first month of life. Ensuring that calves suckle, ideally within six hours of birth, should be a priority in calf management because insufficient colostrum absorption could neutralize all other measures taken to increase protection of the calf. If a milk replacer is used, it must be properly formulated to avoid inducing nutritional diarrhea. Finally, any other infections (pneumonia, navel ill, etc.) nutritional deficiencies (white muscle disease, copper deficiency, etc), or health problems of the calf will increase the opportunity for scours to occur. Clean, dry bedding is important. Adult cattle may be carriers of the various pathogens. The stress of calving may trigger shedding of the organisms into the environment. This can result in contamination of feed and water. Unless regular cleaning of the maternity area occurs, pathogens will build up in the environment as calving season progresses, increasing the risk of scours in later born calves. The goal should be to bring a healthy animal in good body condition to a clean, protected environment to calve. Cows should be moved out of wintering areas into sheltered, wellbedded calving pens.

Separating newborn calves from older calves may reduce transmission of pathogens. Because first calf heifers are still growing during their pregnancy, they should be fed separately from the mature cows. They are more likely to require assistance calving and to produce smaller weaker calves. They have poorer quality and quantity of colostrum. When possible, first calf heifers should be isolated in separate maternity pens. Vaccines may be given either to cows in the third trimester of pregnancy or to calves at birth. Vaccination of cows will stimulate greater production of antibodies in their colostrum. Vaccination of calves may improve short term immunity but does not replace the need for colostrum. It is important to remember that vaccines are very specific. They are effective, but only against those types of scours for which they are designed. Antibiotics may be helpful in treatment of susceptible strains of bacterial scours, but not against viruses or parasites. The most important treatment for calves with diarrhea is the administration of oral electrolytes to counteract dehydration. When calves are severely dehydrated (sunken eyes, staggering, or down) intravenous therapy by the veterinarian is required. Early intervention produces more positive outcomes. Kaopectate at one tablespoon per 25 pounds at every feeding may help to stop the diarrhea. Consult your local veterinarian for assistance with prevention, treatment, and management of calf scours.

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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page 21

Silver lining found in northern soybeans By Ed White Winnipeg bureau, Western Producer Soybean promoters are trying a novel sales pitch for low-protein beans grown on the U.S. Great Plains and Canadian Prairies. “They’re cheaper and they’re not as bad as you think they are. Try them,” Seth Naeve, a University of Minnesota soybean researcher, said after a presentation at CropConnect.

“(Asian buyers) have b e e n r e a l l y h a p p y. … They’re getting better growth than they expected.” Soybeans grown in Minnesota, the Dakotas a n d We s t e r n C a n a d a tend to have protein levels lower than those grown in the central U.S. Midwest, which sets the standard. Rather than having a breakdown of 19 per cent oil and 35 per cent protein, which is common

in Illinois, northern soybeans tend to have 18 per cent oil and 31 to 32 per cent protein. That not only lowers the price that some buyers are willing to pay but also cuts out some buyers altogether. For example, Taiwan has a government requirement that soybean meal have 47 per cent protein. “They can’t take your soybeans and make 47 per cent protein at all,” said Naeve. “If they buy your beans, they have to buy beans or meal from India or from the Gulf of Mexico to blend

together.” H o w e v e r, N a e v e ’s response these days is that northern beans aren’t only different in protein content from southern beans but also in amino acid composition and in sucrose content. In those latter areas, northern beans are actually better. “The protein is of a h i g h e r q u a l i t y, N a e v e said, noting that hogs’ digestive systems don’t require bulk protein. Instead, they need the specific amino acids that come out of the protein, and that’s what is key to growth.

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Northern beans’ prot e i n i s m o r e e ff i c i e n t because they have a better amino acid content, which mitigates some of the weakness in the gross protein number. Northern beans also contain more sucrose, which is an energy source that can be used to supplement that provided by corn. “ I t ’s n o t g r e a t , i t doesn’t make our beans better than Illinois soybeans, but when the buyers purchase them and are only looking at the protein level,” it allows soybean promoters to

convince buyers to reconsider northern soybeans by looking deeper into the bean, Naeve said. Northern soybeans receive a penalty compared to Gulf of Mexico soybeans, which appeared soon after the Pacific Northwest ports began exporting large volumes of soybeans in the early 2000s. The catchment area for the PNW is the Dakotas, Minnesota, half of Iowa, Kansas and Nebraska, which is “almost a perfect segregation of where the beans are the lowest protein.”

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Page 22

Agricultural Edition

Farmwork with an ATV


Adult responsibilities ADULTS NEED TO MAKE SURE:



Yes. No.


Can the child react quickly?

Yes. No.

STOP! Children who canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t reach the controls are more likely to be injured.

Yes. No.

Main Hazards


STOP! Straining to operate the controls could cause injury.


STOP! Children with limited vision may not see people or obstacles in the work area.

Can the child use hands and feet at the same time? For example, can the child run and dribble a basketball? ATV overturns can cause death or disability

Yes. No.


STOP! Children who lack coordination may not be able to safely drive an ATV.


Collision with fence or trees can cause injury


Yes. No.


STOP! Irresponsible behavior can lead to injury.


Does the child usually go with his or her â&#x20AC;&#x153;gutâ&#x20AC;? feeling without thinking too much about what could happen next?



STOP! Children who act on impulse are more likely to be injured.

Approved helmet with eye protection


Yes. No.

STOP! Children who canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t remember the steps to a job are more likely to be injured.

STOP! Children must be able to recognize hazards, think about how to respond, and stay calm to prevent injury.


STOP! Children learn best when shown how to do the job at the work site.

Non-skid shoes

Has the child shown he or she can do the job safely 4 to 5 times under close supervision?

Yes. No.


CAUTION! An adult must watch constantly until the child shows he or she can do the job.

Leather gloves


Supervision Whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s the right amount? Here are suggestionsâ&#x20AC;&#x201C; but remember, it depends on the child. Age 16+:

STOP! Children who take risks or behave dangerously are more likely to be injured

Has an adult demonstrated farmwork with an ATV on site?

Can the child recognize a hazard and solve the problem without getting upset?

Yes. No.

STOP! Children need quick reactions to avoid injury.

Is your child responsible? Do you trust your child to do whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s expected without anyone checking?


Can the child understand and repeat from memory a 5-step process?

Yes. No.



Does the child have good peripheral vision? For example, while looking straight ahead, can the child see your finger entering his or her field of vision at shoulder level?

Yes. No.


Does the child do things that seem dangerous for the thrill of it?

Is the child strong enough to operate the controls without straining?

CHECK every few minutes. When the child shows he or she can do the job, LEAVE for 15 to 30 minutes.


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Canola: the queen of field crops AgriSuccess article by Kevin Hursh and Peter Gredig

Can your child do this job? Can the child reach and operate all controls while comfortably seated?

Week of March 19, 2017

Can an adult supervise as recommended?

Yes. No.


STOP! The right level of supervision is key to preventing injuries.

This North American Guideline for Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Agricultural Tasks has been reproduced with permission from National Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety. For more information visit http://cultivatesafety.org/work-guidelines.


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Canola, once dubbed the Cinderella crop, is now queen of Canadian field crop production, commanding more acres and a higher value than any other grain or oilseed. How did canola surpass wheat in a nation that once prided itself on being the breadbasket of the world? Many factors are part of the decision-making matrix as farmers choose what crops to plant. The crop needs to be adapted to the region and the farming practices. It has to fit into the rotation. But above all, crop choice is governed by economics and profitability. That, in turn, is linked to demand. The harvested area of canola first exceeded 10 million acres in 1993. Then came genetically modified, herbicide-resistant varieties, followed by hybrids and canola with specialty oils. In the last five years, around 20 million acres have been

harvested. The first time average yield exceeded 30 bushels per acre was 2005. Now, average yields are typically in the high 30s, and the Canola Council of Canada is aiming for an ambitious 52 bushel per acre average by 2025. Wo r l d w i d e d e m a n d for canola seed is strong, and it competes well with soybeans. Still, a strong and expanding domestic crush industry helps provide price strength and demand stability. The Canola Council website lists 14 major canola crushing facilities in the country, including two in Ontario and one in Quebec. Nearly half the count r y â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s c a n o l a s e e d i s c r u s h e d d o m e s t i c a l l y, with most of the resulting oil and meal going to American markets. But just as canola wrestled the throne from wheat, other contenders may steal acres from canola in the years to come. If canola has become queen, the new prince would be pulse

Clarity is seeing the path to your

crops. Canada now accounts for about 35 per cent of the world pulse trade and is the worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s largest exporter of peas and lentils. In 2015, Canada exported six million tonnes of pulse worth more than $4.2 billion. Soybeans have made major inroads in Western Canada, particularly Manitoba. Wi t h v a r i e t i e s t h a t require lower heat units and fewer days to maturity, Manitobaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s soybean area has exploded to 1.6 million acres, making it the provinceâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s thirdlargest crop after canola and wheat. Major seed companies are betting the years ahead will bring millions more soybean acres west. They also believe corn will capture millions of acres, arguing that once new varieties can reliably generate high yields with a lower heat unit requirement, corn becomes more profitable than other options. Diversity in demand continued to be key for growers.


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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page 23

Illegal dumping is a concern for landscape Sourced from the Ministry of Environment One of the best things about Saskatchewan is its beautiful scenery

and landscapes. Most people are very good about proper waste disposal, recycling what they can and making good use of municipal garbage containers or local

landfills. However, some people choose to haul their garbage out to the country and leave it there. Some of the more common items illegally discarded include electronics, appliances, household trash and demolition waste. These materials can pose a serious environmental risk by polluting water supplies and contaminating soil, which can potentially cause health issues for humans and wildlife. The disposal of waste by illegal dumping and littering is a serious issue, and while it occurs far too often, it is easily preventable. A large majority of abandoned waste is often recyclable at no charge or returnable for cash. The Saskatchewan Waste Reduction Council’s website (www.saskwastereduction.ca) can

help you locate the recycling resources available in your community. Disregarding those opportunities and dumping garbage or other waste illegally can land someone in a heap of trouble. Every year, Government of Saskatchewan conservation officers are tasked with investigating these incidents and those caught can face harsh penalties, including hefty fines. The minimum fine for littering is $500, and in more severe cases, a court appearance may be necessary. Any resident who witnesses someone dumping garbage or want to report a mess left behind, contact the Ministry of Environment through the TIP line at 1-800-667-7561, or online at saskatchewan.ca/tip.

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Page 24

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Wheat and barley variety development research Producers’ investing in research and development through Western Grains Research Foundation (WGRF) provides a solid return for western Canadian wheat and barley growers, said information from WGRF. WGRF achieves an estimated return for producers of

between $20 and $7 in net income for every one dollar of check-off spent on variety research and development. WGRF has assisted in the development and release of more than 200 new wheat and barley varieties over the past decade and a half, many of which are today




seeded to large portions of the cropland in Western Canada. Cultivars are widely tested across western Canada to ensure adaptation to drought, heat, weather damage and diseases such as rust, common bunt, fusarium head blight, leaf spots, and loose smut, and insects such as Orange Wheat Blossom midge and wheat stem sawfly. Producers on the WGRF board of directors are at the front-line in the decision making process, selecting specific breeding objectives for each of the research stations. Goals and objectives are outlined at the onset of research agreements with regular reviews and annual progress reports submitted by each of the researchers. Mid-term reviews are conducted on long-term agreements to ensure breeding targets remain on track with industry and global trends. WGRF has recently taken significant steps to increase funding of wheat and barley research at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) and the Prairie Universities. The breeding objectives set out in these agreements improve the ability of Canadian producers to compete in export markets by developing wheat and barley cultivars with higher yields, improved end use properties, and better disease and insect resistance compared to those previously grown in farmers’ fields. WGRF invest in wheat and barley breeding programs at AAFC institutions and the three prairie universities: University of Saskatchewan, University of Manitoba, and the University of Alberta and Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development (AARD).

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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page 25

Bees and Canola: A sweet relationship The link between the canola and honey industries is strong and growing. Simply put, canola is good for bees, and bees are good for canola. Together, they are good for the health of our ecosystem and our economy. The Canola Council of Canada and the Canadian Honey Council are working together to maintain this mutually beneficial relationship, said a release from the Canola Council. As we foster communication and co-operation, both the canola and honey industries will continue to grow and thrive in Western Canada. The Canola Council is also a partner in Bees Matter, an initiative to restate agriculture’s commitment to honey bees and bring knowledge to the Canadian public about how they can get involved and help honey bees thrive. Visit www.beesmatter.ca for a video and to learn about the Buzzing Gardens program that provides Canadians with free seeds to plant pollinator-friendly gardens. Canola is an ideal habitat and food source for honeybees: Canola flowers produce high amounts of nectar and this nectar has a good sugar profile for honey production. The large amounts of pollen offer a good nutritional balance of amino acids and protein. Plentiful canola blooms allow bees to feed efficiently, without covering large distances. Canola fields bloom for relatively long periods, so one field can provide bees with a good source of nectar for up to a month. Canola honey is preferred by consumers. The light colour and mild flavour make canola honey a top choice in the marketplace. Bees can have a positive impact on canola production. Pollinators

are needed for production of quality hybrid seed – a vital component of the industry. Research suggests pollination by bees may also: encourage higher yields; promote more uniform flowering and earlier pod setting, and increase the number of pods per plant and seeds per pod, as well as the seed weight. In the past decade, the number of honeybees in Canada has reached near-record levels (more than 700,000 colonies Canadawide in 2012, up from 600,000 in 2000). More than 70 per cent of these colonies are in Western Canada, where canola has become one of the most important crops. The health of hives in Western Canada remains high as these two industries grow in close proximity. The overwhelming majority of beekeepers have reported no problems with canola production practices. Beekeepers seek out canola fields because they are such a good nectar/pollen source, and canola growers know it is in their own best interest to protect this mutually beneficial relationship. In co-operation with the Canadian Honey Council and the Honey Bee Health Coalition, the Canola Council is ensuring that canola production practices are compatible with pollinator health. The Canola Council encourages farmers and aerial applicators to talk to nearby honey producers about pest management plans, and to avoid spraying insecticides when canola fields are in bloom and during peak foraging hours. Our agronomists are spreading the word through informative presentations, which have been well-attended by canola growers.

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Page 26

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Eight considerations when planning for the 2017 cropping season By Lyndon Hicks, PAg Regional Crops Specialist, Yorkton Regional Services Branch 1 ) R e v i e w y o u r 2 0 1 6 c ro p p i n g season - What worked and what didn’t? What provided a good return on investment? Did one variety outperform another? Learn from past experience. 2) Know your seed quality - Testing can help you avoid costly seed borne diseases and crop failures due to poor seed germination or vigour. It is important to understand that the grade and Fusarium Head Blight (FHB) numbers given to you from your grain terminal, does not tell you your seed quality. Use a seed lab to get accurate results. 3) Review your seeding rates - Plant populations set the stage for

the yield potential of the crop. Research has shown that each crop has an optimum plant density that producers should target when seeding. Using thousand kernel weights (TKW) to target a plant population is the most efficient method to calculate seeding rates. - Increasing seeding rate is another management strategy that can be used to reduce FHB infection rates. Increasing plant populations will narrow your crops’ flowering window, thus reducing the infection period. However, one must be careful to not overpopulate the stand which can result in lodging. 4) Choose your crop variety

carefully - Choosing the proper variety can assist with disease and insect management, growing season/ days to maturity, straw management, as well as other agronomic considerations. New varieties are released each year, so research their traits to see if they will fit your cropping needs. 5) Use check strips in 2017 - Check strips are a great way to assess efficacy and economic returns of products such as fungicides, foliar fertilizers, micronutrients or any other product or treatment. Check strips should be left in the middle of fields not along an edge. 6) Plan to soil test - Generally, fall soil testing is recommended as it provides more time to plan

and order your fertilizer inputs for the upcoming crop year; though, early spring soil testing will also give you a benchmark for the upcoming growing season. 7) Increase your knowledge - Workshops, webinars, trade shows, meetings, and reading various agriculture related publications are all good ways to stay informed. Keeping up with the latest research and technology will help in knowing what new products and varieties are available, what others are doing to improve their bottom line, and how to address new disease and inspect challenges. 8) Markets - There is sometimes a temptation to plan for the upcoming crop season based on the current crop prices. Plan on sound agronomics including a good crop rotation for long-term success. For more information, one may contact a regional crops specialist or the Agriculture Knowledge Centre.

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The government of Saskatchewan announced changes to Saskatchewan’s Premises Identification (PID) program, a key traceability tool to plan for, control and prevent the spread of animal diseases and to respond to other emergencies. Participation in the PID program will now be a requirement for Saskatchewan producers. Over the coming months, Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture livestock programs will begin requiring applicants have a PID number to participate. “The federal government proudl y s u p p o r t s a h e a l t h y, s u s t a i n a b l e a n d r o b u s t a g r i c u l t u r e i n d u s t r y, ” s a i d L a w r e n c e M a c A u l a y, F e d e r a l Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food. “These new requirements will help Saskatchewan producers protect the health of their livestock, as well as their farm businesses.” “As one of the three pillars of traceability, Premises Identification is an important part of ensuring the health and safety of our province’s livestock,” said Lyle Stewart, Saskatchewan Minister of Agriculture. “With a full PID database, we’ll be in a better position to prevent or respond to an animal disease outbreak or natural disaster.” S a s k a t c h e w a n ’s v o l u n t a r y P I D program was launched in June 2014. Currently, less than 3,000 of the province’s livestock and poultry producers,

veterinarians, feedlots, and other livestock commingling sites are enrolled. Requiring a PID number for program eligibility will help the province reach full PID participation, which is necessary to make the system effective. Manitoba and Alberta have similar regulations that mandate enrollment in their PID programs. “I want to make sure I’m in the best position possible to protect my cattle if a disease outbreak happens,” said Rick Toney, vice-chair of the Saskatchewan Cattlemen’s Association. “That’s why registering for a PID number just made sense; it was an easy way to make sure my cattle would be safe in an emergency.” An effective PID database is used t o p l a n a n d i m p l e m e n t e m e rg e n c y responses in the case of an animal health concern, a public health emerg e n c y, o r a n e m e rg e n c y s u c h a s a natural disaster that affects animals and people. Registrants’ information will be kept private and only used in such emergencies. The Saskatchewan PID database is funded through Growing Forward 2, a cost-shared partnership between federal, provincial and territorial governments designed to support an innovative, competitive and profitable Canadian agriculture and agri-food sector. For more information on PID, visit www.saskatchewan.ca and search “Premises Identification.” Registration can be completed online at http://premisesid.saskatchewan.ca.

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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page 27

Palmer amaranth can mutate to become herbicide resistant By Robert Arnason Brandon bureau, Western Producer Andrew Kniss has created a map that jumps off the page. Kniss, a University of Wy o m i n g w e e d s c i e n tist, tweeted out a map this winter that shows the states with palmer amaranth. The weed has destroyed the livelihoods of farmers in Arkansas and is gaining a foothold in the U.S. Midwest.

The map shows that palmer amaranth, a pigweed, has spread to nearly every part of the United States except the northwest and extreme northeast. Kniss said it’s inevitable that palmer will eventually arrive in Wyoming and Western Canada. “Given the biology and ecology of the various amaranth species, I see no reason that palmer will not move into the remaining states and

provinces,” he said. “Whether it will be a major weed like it is down in the south, I don’t know.” Kniss produced the map because the weed has rapidly expanded its range in the last five years, moving from the southern U.S. to places like Minnesota and Michigan. Experts say it’s spreading in a number of ways, mostly via the transport of feed and seed

THE SPREAD OF PALMER AMARANTH Palmer amaranth, a noxious form of pigweed, is found across most of the U.S. and is expected to eventually spread into Canada. no confirmed cases

confirmed cases

Source: Andrew Kniss | WP GRAPHIC

contaminated with palmer amaranth seeds. University of Missouri research suggests that ducks may also play a role because they like to snack on amaranth seeds. Plant scientists have described palmer amaranth as a “game changing” weed for farmers because it swiftly mutates to defeat herbicides. It has demonstrated resistance to glyphosate in most states and in some locations is now resistant to multiple herbicides. Glyphosate-resistant palmer amaranth has radically altered production practices in Arkansas, where cotton and soybean growers are spending $50 to $150 an acre on supplemental herbicides and hand weeding. Like other experts in the northern Plains, Kniss once viewed the weed as a curiosity: something that happened in other states. “Five or six years ago I assumed that palmer amaranth is not going to make it to Wyoming. We have such a short growing season,” he said. “It was kind of a localized problem … but in a few years it seems liked it’s increased the speed at which it’s invading these

northern states.” Manitoba and Saskatchewan now have 2.25 million acres of corn and soybeans with more acres expected this spring, and the crops provide an opening for weeds found traditionally to the south. Manitoba had its first detection of water hemp last fall, which is a common weed in the U.S. Midwest. “Soybean isn’t a minor crop anymore (on the Prairies),” said Rob Gulden, a University of Manitoba weed scientist. “We should be starting to think about some

of those weed shifts that come with it.” It may be inevitable that palmer amaranth will show up in Western Canada, but producers and agronomists can take action now to mitigate the risk. For starters, growers need to know what it looks like, Kniss said. If they can detect a plant or two before palmer amaranth gets out of control, the ounce of prevention is well worth the effort. Once you get it well established in a field, you’re going to be dealing with that problem for a long time.”

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Page 28

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Norquay farmer spent 40 years in the seed cleaning business By Emma Meldrum After more than 40 years in the business, Lionel Danielson is looking back at his farming and seed cleaning career – and ahead to retirement. Danielson bought his first quarter in 1975, but life on the farm started earlier, when he was helping his dad, Melvin. “I just love the farm,” said Danielson. “I love d o i n g d i ff e r e n t t h i n g s every day and being able to grow a crop, seed a crop, and watch it grow and reap the benefits, hopefully.” He and his brother Barry started a seed cleaning operation not long after, visiting farmyards with a mobile cleaner. Things progressed quickly from there, with a seed plant being set up on the farm in 1986 and Danielson starting a pedigreed seed business in 1989. By then Danielson had lost both his brother and his father, and married his wife, Bonnie. “She was a town girl,” he said. “She’s always helped out.” Together, they raised three children. “None of them are at home anymore, but when the kids were small, she

This is a view of workers of Danielson Seeds of Norquay unloading wheat for cleaning for Steve Toffan of Lakeside Farms and loading out cleaned seed for ‘Tween Lakes Farms. used to drive combine for us,” said Danielson. “She said it was easier to drive combine than to look after kids.” After so many years in the business, the owner of Danielson Seeds has seen a change or two. “Costs of everything is probably the first thing that comes to mind. Technology definitely advanced rapidly over the last decade anyway.” And while the principle of seed cleaning has stayed the same, innovation has occurred. “The new technology that really progressed is computerization, where a computer is able to see a

different colour of seed, and able to extract that with a burst of air, as opposed to just by length or width or weight.” In the cleaning business, he focused mostly on wheat and oats, and has a yearly routine. “We’ve got a customer list that we’ve had for 30 years, and it’s interesting – we can look at our seed cleaning records where we keep track of everyb o d y, a n d i t ’s k i n d o f funny, because everyone seems to pick the same week every year to do their seed cleaning. “ We a l w a y s e x p e c t them to phone at a certain time.”

The cleaner stays busy from right after harvest through seeding with a quick break at Christmas. And while they rarely have a break, they’ll make time if a local producer is in a pinch. Over the years, Danielson has watched his customers’ product grow. “A lot of our customers, are getting bigger. So whereas when we started, if they brought a three-ton load or two, now they’re bringing Super B loads to be cleaned.” This past season was okay on the farm, according to Danielson. “We had to do some reseeding of canola because

of cutworms. They were pretty bad. Overall, the year turned out very well, really.” The Norquay farmer has also stopped growing a crop he has been planting for decades. “ We g r e w p e a s f o r probably 30 years, when we started farming, and then had to finally quit for a number of years because it just got so wet and the peas couldn’t handle the moisture and just died,” he said. “2014 was probably the last pea crop we grew. We didn’t harvest much off that year and we haven’t grown since then.” He expects to leave the

business in the next few years or so. Danielson’s outlook on farming is optimistic and he would encourage young people to go into the career: “If you like working w i t h m a c h i n e r y, w i t h the land, there’s always something new happening every day. It’s not 9-5 sit at a computer. You’re a welder, you’re a mechanic, [and] you’re doing everything out there, if you like doing that. You’re your own boss, which is sometimes good.” While he loves his work, Danielson has a good idea of what he’ll be doing during retirement. Continued on Page 29

Another reason to think

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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Danielson Seeds Continued from Page 28 “Bonnie and I love cross-country skiing in the wintertime, kayaking and

bike riding in the summer. We’ve got grandkids and travel – we’d like to do more of that.”

Lionel Danielson was loading seed to deliver to a customer before the spring thaw.

For now, though, the seed business is Danielson’s focus. He remembers his first years in the pedigreed seed industry: “Probably the biggest thing is watching field rotations, for example, a wheat crop: we had to be careful what was grown on the

Page 29

land for a few years before that, rotations are strictly followed, because you have to keep so many years between from say another variety of wheat. “Barley can be an issue, because if you have barley coming through the wheat crop, you end up going out

Workers at Danielson Seeds of Norquay were photographed as they were harvesting a certified field of AAC Elie wheat.

to the field and rogueing most of the summer to try and correct the problem.” Danielson has good things to say about farming in the Norquay area. “I feel it’s a rather progressive community. Our customers that we deal with are on top of the latest

Ian Abbott Jr. of Danielson Seeds was checking a field of AAC Elie wheat for crop staging.


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March 22 to April 7, 2017

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Sales Manager



Page 30

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Sask. Forage Council puts out new forage market survey Sourced from the Sask. Forage Council

“The information provided in this report can be useful for producers for a variety of purposes,” said Dave Kerr, the president of the SFC. “As forage and weather conditions vary widely across the province, so do prices and availability. Providing current price information at a point in time is helpful for producers establishing their cost of production, or who are looking at buying or selling,” he added. Across much of the province, forage yields were reported as being above average, although quality was below average. Abundant precipitation caused haying heartache for many producers who struggled to put up quality forage. Forage prices were near long-term average values, having fallen from the

The Saskatchewan Forage Council (SFC) has released information gathered from their Fall Forage Market Price Survey. This comprehensive price survey is unique in the province and compiles forage price information from producers across Saskatchewan and nearby areas. Agricultural extension personnel forage consultants, processors and other professionals are also interviewed and data is compiled on values, types, and volumes of forage crops trading during the fall period. Prices are tracked throughout the fall and winter and a follow-up report will be completed over the winter to reflect any seasonal price changes. 

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previous years’ record high levels. As above-average temperatures continued late into the fall, prices remained relatively steady and there were fewer transactions noted compared to the same time last year. The full report, as well as a two-page infographic, can be accessed online on the SFC’s newly developed website. The website was recently relaunched and features information on resources, updated projects, upcoming events, and also incorporates information on the Saskatchewan Forage Network.

The website project was supported by the Government of Saskatchewan Industry Organization Development Fund (IODF) initiative under the Canada-Saskatchewan Growing Forward 2 bi-lateral agreement. “The SFC’s original website was developed in 2007. Given that information technology has changed and we were interested in integrating our social media into our website, this was a good opportunity to redevelop our online resources,” said Kerr. The new website can be accessed at www.saskforage.ca.

Wheat export goal doubtful, but oilseeds selling ‘hand over fist’ By Sean Pratt Saskatoon newsroom, Western Producer It appears unlikely the grain-handling system will be able to achieve A g r i c u l t u r e C a n a d a ’s wheat export target of 16.5 million tonnes. Shipments are 1.9 million tonnes behind last year’s pace through week 29 of the 2016-17 campaign. That does not bode well for meeting an export target that is only 679,000 tonnes lower than last year’s total. Tyler Russell, North American grain advisory service leader for Cargill, said wheat is so far behind because oilseeds have been flying out the door. Canola and soybean exports are 1.1 million tonnes ahead of last year’s pace. “The farmer was very willing to be selling their oilseeds,” he said.

Yields were above average, prices were good and growers wanted to protect the quality of a crop that had about 13 per cent moisture content. “Lots of the canola in the fall was tough and needed to be conditioned,” said Russell. Oilseed demand is strong so grain companies kept accepting the canola and soybeans and shipping them off to overseas markets or crushing them domestically. “If farmers are wanting to sell hand over fist and we have ample demand for it, yeah, we just keep moving that stuff,” he said. Russell said there has been no abatement in oilseed deliveries because grain companies are still executing existing contracts, but they will likely slow down in the spring because there are few future contracts being negotiated. Wheat deliveries were delayed in part because

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of extensive fusarium and vomitoxin damage to the crop. Farmers had to assess the quality and figure out a marketing plan. Deliveries are starting to pick up because there has been lots of contracting for February and March. But it is doubtful the industry will achieve A g r i c u l t u r e C a n a d a ’s 16.5 million tonne export forecast or its four million tonne carryout estimate. “There would have to be a significant pickup in the exports and our deliveries of wheat in order to meet some of those numbers,” said Russell. “I think four million (tonnes of carryout) is probably on the lower end of trade expectations.” Sales in the April through July period would have to be exceptionally strong for carryout to be that low. The problem with that is the United States harvests its hard wheat crop starting in June. John De Pape, president of Farmers Advanced Risk Management Company, said canola deliveries have to ease off soon. “The delivery pace is in my view such that we can’t sustain it. It’s going to start to taper off,” he said. “It just has to shift because we’re way behind on where we think we should be on wheat and we’re way ahead of where we think we should be on canola.” A few weeks ago wheat stocks at primary elevators were at a record low. But deliveries appear to be on the rise, climbing steadily from 336,000 tonnes in week 27 to 374,100 tonnes in week 29. De Pape is confident the grain-handling system can make up some of the wheat delivery and export deficit in the remaining weeks of the 2016-17 campaign. “The last half is going to be better than the first half,” he said.

Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page 31

Many benefits to forages in rotations By Charlotte Ward PAg Regional Forage Specialist Saskatchewan Agriculture As the days start to lengthen and warm, many of our thoughts turn to seeding intentions this spring. It is no secret that forages are often established on marginal lands, but does it make sense to establish forage crops on good quality soils and integrate them into your regular crop rotation? Benefits of forages include: increased soil fertility, quality and organic matter; reduced weed, disease and insect pressure in later crops, and greater economic returns in later crops. On average, alfalfa can contribute 45 pounds of nitrogen per acre annually but this will vary with growing conditions. Overall nitrogen benefit to subsequent crops may range from 100 to 200-plus pounds of nitrogen per acre over the next two to three years following stand termination. Long-term studies indicate that wheat yields may increase by 50 per cent when land is previously cropped with alfalfa for three years compared to land previously cropped with non-legumes. Yield increases are typically greatest in high rainfall areas (black soil zone) with lower increases in the low rainfall areas (brown soil zone). Producers should consider soil moisture levels, as leaving forage stands in

too long may deplete soil moisture, particularly in the brown and dark brown soil zones. Despite large nitrogen contributions to the soil, forages, particularly those harvested and removed from the field as hay, are high users of nutrients. For every ton of alfalfa dry matter harvested and removed from the field, there are 50 pounds of nitrogen, 14 pounds of phosphate, 60 pounds of potassium and six pounds of sulfur removed. Thus, forages are just like any other crop that is harvested, and maintaining a high level of production requires a fertility plan. Annual crops following forages often have decreased weed populations resulting in reduced herbicide costs. In a University of Manitoba survey, 83 per cent of producers indicated that including alfalfa in their rotation reduced weed populations of wild oats, green foxtail and Canada thistle for up to three years compared to those that included only annual crops. Stand termination is often a concern when including forages in rotation. While tillage may result in a greater

amount of nitrogen released to the first crop grown after forages, tillage also uses a large quantity of fossil fuels, dries the soil and may result in inefficient stand kill. Stand termination using herbicides (glyphosate, 2,4-D, clopyralid, dicamba, or combinations of) can be highly effective as nitrogen is slowly released, resulting in fertility benefits for up to three years. For greatest kill efficiency, herbicides should be applied when plants are at least eight inches of height and actively growing. In many areas of the province, forages in rotation has worked well for mixed crop-livestock producers as they see the fertility and weed control benefits for their annual crops and have highly productive hay stands. For those producers that are strictly livestock or crops, this may be an opportunity to come up with unique land/cropping agreements that can be beneficial to both operations. Often the goal of a producer is to maximize forage stand life and rotate forages only when production declines beyond the point of efficient harvesting. Research has shown that nitrogen accumulation and weed suppression from an alfalfa stand is optimized after two to three years whereas the economic optimum stand duration is four or five years. Thus, cycling forages more quickly through a rotation on good quality land may provide greater agronomic and economic benefits compared to establishing forages for long periods of time.

Another banner year for Canadian exports Canadian farmers have taken full advantage of a number of trade opportunities in 2016, resulting in a record year for Canadian agri-food with seafood exports, with sales reaching $62.5 billion in 2016. This marks an increase of 41 per cent over the past five years, said a release from Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) has been working with partners around the world to grow and establish relationships that keep our economy and agricultural industries thriving. Some of last year’s achievements include: • China: Expanding access for frozen, bone-in beef from

cattle younger than 30 months, and for continuing trade in canola; • Georgia: Gaining new access for live breeding sheep and goats, as well as ovine/caprine/porcine/bovine genetic materials; • India: Gaining new access for pork products; • Japan: Gaining new access for British Columbia greenhouse peppers; • Mexico: Gaining full market access for beef and beef products, as well as restored access for fresh poultry meat, including chicken, turkey and duck meat; • Taiwan: Gaining restored access for beef; • Thailand: Gaining new access for Alberta seed potatoes;

• Turkey: Gaining new access for cattle; • U.S.: Finalizing the Canada-United States Regulatory Co-operation Council annual work plans for meat inspection and certification, animal and plant health, as well as food safety, and • Ukraine: Signing a free trade agreement (FTA). Looking ahead, Canada will be working closely with the new U.S. administration to ensure strong trade relations. “We will launch exploratory talks with China on an FTA, and fulfil the commitment made by the Prime Minister and the Argentine President last November by completing the final steps needed to allow access for Canadian pork and live swine,” the release said.

Page 32

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Wheat midge forecast map indicates high risk in some areas The Saskatchewan Wheat Midge Forecast Map for 2017 indicates high risk in areas across the province, according to Saskatchewan Wheat Development Commission (Sask Wheat). Higher populations are noted in eastern regions and west of Prince Albert. There are pockets of risk throughout central regions but of special note is the southwest. This region is drier on most years and less frequently at risk to wheat midge. Although the 2016 growing season started warm and very dry for much of the Province, wetter, humid conditions later in the spring and into the summer, favoured wheat midge populations in most areas. In areas indicating levels greater than 1,200 midges per square metre on the map, producers planning to grow conventional spring wheat as part of their crop rotation are advised to include the cost of insecticide application in their 2017 budget. Keep in mind that areas of infestation indicating over 600 wheat midge per square metre on the wheat midge map may still result in significant damage and yield loss, especially if environmental conditions are favourable for the wheat midge. The intention of the forecast is to provide a regional representation of wheat midge populations present in the fall of 2016. There are a limited number of fields sampled. There were 423

samples used to produce the 2017 risk map. There are options for managing wheat midge. If spring wheat is planned as part of a rotation, there are midge tolerant wheat varieties available as varietal blends (VB). For 2017 varietal blends are available in CWRS, CWES, CPSR and CWAD (durum) wheat classes. Visit The Midge Tolerant Wheat Stewardship Team’s website for information on midge tolerant wheat and varietal blends. Also refer to the 2017 Saskatchewan Seed Guide for information. Crop rotation to a non-host crop can be considered. Since spring wheat is the primary host for wheat midge, planting a nonsusceptible cereal crop (e.g. oats, barley) or a broadleaf crop (e.g. canola, pulse) are options. To determine midge populations and, if necessary, timing of an insecticide application, growers are urged to monitor conventional wheat fields during the susceptible period (when the wheat head becomes visible as the boot splits until mid-flowering (anthesis). Regular field scouting on multiple nights in succession is important to understand wheat midge population changes in a particular field. Temperature and wind conditions significantly influence egg-laying by the adult female midge. High temperatures and high winds tend to reduce activity of egg-laying female midge.


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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page 33

Sask Wheat commits nearly $1.5 million to wheat research Sourced from Saskatchewan Wheat The Saskatchewan Wheat Development

Commission (Sask Wheat) has committed $1,473,621 to support wheat research projects funded under the

Saskatchewan Agriculture Development Fund (ADF) in 2016. Lyle Stewart,

Canola council’s agronomy team priorities for 2017 By Warren Ward The Canola Council of Canada’s team of 11 agronomists spends a lot of time in fields and talking to farmers and agronomists. They know which issues are most important to canola profitability and overall farm sustainability, and each year try to identify key issues that are new and important or old but need reinforcement. Here are our priorities for 2017. Match varieties to fields. Look at traits that would benefit each field, such as herbicide resistance to suit the weed mix, disease resistance, lodging resistance for high-nutrient situations, and pod shatter tolerance or shorter maturity to harvest plans. Think economics. Consider all associated costs to calculate potential return on investment with agronomic practices. Business management and crop production choices can’t be viewed in isolation. Tech must pay. When spending money on technology, have an idea how old technology is lacking and whether new technology will improve profitability and provide a solid return on investment. Set plant density targets. Consider individual field conditions and one’s appetite for risk when setting a plant count target for canola. In general, a minimum of six plants per square foot is a pretty safe way for most growers in most situations to balance risk and profitability. Don’t forget phosphorus. Phosphorus applications are still below removal rate for

many canola growers. With soil sampling and a balanced fertility program, growers can target rates that reflect canola’s yield potential. Control volunteer canola. This “weed” reduces the benefits of crop rotation by allowing canola pests to thrive in non-canola years. It helps to tank mix herbicides with glyphosate, target early effective in-crop control, create stale seed-bed conditions in the fall, grow competitive crops with good herbicide options and rotate canola herbicide packages. Never “throw one in.” Consider tank mixes carefully. Applications made below economic thresholds for insects, diseases and weeds waste money, increase selection pressure for resistance, increase the ecological footprint and devastate populations of beneficial insects and natural enemies. Monitor disease levels…even in healthylooking fields. Look for clubroot galls and signs of verticillium stripe. Before swathing, clip stems to check for blackleg. Use results to prepare disease management strategies. Look for new insects. Cabbage seedpod weevil continues to spread in Saskatchewan and northward in Alberta. Swede midge remains an unknown for Western Canada. Keep a look out for these and other pests. Look for management advice and consider thresholds before spraying anything new or familiar. —Warren Ward is the Canola Council of Canada agronomy specialist for Southeast Saskatchewan. Email him at wardw@canolacouncil.org.

Saskatchewan’s Minister of Agriculture, announced the funding of all cropsrelated ADF projects at CropSphere 2017 on January 10. “The producer funding Sask Wheat has committed through the ADF process means Saskatchewan’s wheat producers will play a significant role in finding solutions to issues affecting wheat production in the province,” said Bill Gehl, Sask Wheat Chair. “These projects will allow Sask Wheat to continue to achieve our mandate

of maximizing returns on producer check-off investments and building longterm, sustainable growth for the industry.” The total project investment towards the ADF projects co-funded by Sask Wheat in 2016, which includes funds invested by other producer commissions such as the Alberta Wheat Commission, t h e We s t e r n G r a i n s Research Foundation, the Saskatchewan Pulse Growers and SaskCanola, is $4,895,518. Sask Wheat has

committed nearly $3.7 million to projects through the ADF process since 2014. This research falls into the areas of variety development, production and post-production. “We know that targeted research is the best way to empower wheat producers in Saskatchewan to continue growing wheat that the world demands,” Gehl said. “We are very pleased to partner with the government, and with other ADF co-funders, in order to strengthen the future of Canadian agriculture.”

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Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Manager Reflects on 10 Years of Operation for the Assiniboine Watershed Stewardship Association Inc. (AWSA) The AWSA is celebrating a milestone this year- 10 years of being in business! Looking back at the past ten years, I think we have an amazing story to tell. A story of an organization that began from humble beginnings, but thanks to the dedication of a group of visionary individuals, has grown into something extraordinary. The AWSA began official operations at the beginning of May, 2007, with the hiring of its inaugural manager, Aron Hershmiller. So, although I personally wasn’t at the beginning of this amazing story, I’d bet that many of those who were watching what was being created, wouldn’t have ever imagined that a grass-roots watershed stewardship association that began with a single person staff, delivering barely over $25,000 of projects and programming its first year, could ever have grown into the premier watershed stewardship association in Saskatchewan; an association with the largest membership, most full time employees, and who has delivered more dollars of projects and programming in its existence than any of the other 10 watershed stewardship group in Saskatchewan- over 15 million dollars worth! But then again, there’s a big difference between watching, imagining what may be one day, and simply going out and making it happen. And that is what makes the story of the AWSA so extraordinary. For in my 8 years with this association, I, like the many individuals that pioneered this story before me, have always believed that the AWSA will become the success story it is today for one simply reason- the AWSA staff and board of directors have never been content with just imagining... we take it upon ourselves to go the extra mile to make other’s dreams become our reality! 2017 marks the anniversary of 10 years of turning watershed stewardship dreams into reality. This milestone is a tribute to all those that have shared the attitude of “making it happen” when it comes to Source Water Protection in the Assiniboine River Watershed. Without the dedication of our staff, board of directors, membership, advisory members, technical committee, and external partners, the AWSA would never have been able to accomplish so much over the past 10 years. For your support and commitment to our success, I want to say, “Thank You.” I would especially like to thank our 37 member municipalities for their continuous support in making the AWSA what it is today. The AWSA prides itself on having the largest, most encompassing membership of any watershed stewardship group in the province, and I will strive to maintain that status by ensuring that we offer quality water management funding, programming, and assistance to your residents for years to come. For the AWSA board of directors, this year marks something very special. Many of you have been part of this journey since the AWSA officially opened for business in 2007, with some of you being involved in the planning stages even prior to that. Your commitment to the AWSA and the Assiniboine River Watershed over the past 10 years is nothing short of remarkable. We have the most, longest serving, original board members of any watershed stewardship group in the province- a true testament to the dedication of the individuals behind the AWSA’s success. However, above all, I want to acknowledge the staff of the AWSA, both past, and present. I believe that more than anything, it’s because of the staff that the AWSA has achieved such great success in its 10 years of operation. You are the individuals that are truly making water stewardship dreams become reality through every project, every program, and every initiative we’ve ever undertaken as an association. When asked by others what is the greatest key to the success of the AWSA over the years I’ve always responded with a similar reply each and every time, “Our success is a result of the staff we have and work environment we’ve created. We have fun in our office, but we also get the job done. At the AWSA everyone pitches in to do whatever needs to be done, regardless of what it may be.” It’s for this reason that I’ve enjoyed coming to work each and every day of the past 8 years. The AWSA is the first and only career I’ve ever had, and I hope, will ever have; for it’s a job that has never felt like a “job”. I guess that’s what happens when you work with friends, not coworkers, doing what you do not because someone’s told you that you have to do it, but because you genuinely enjoy and want to be doing it. For our association, 2017 is a commemoration of 10 years of projects, events, people... stories. All these have created our story, the story of the AWSA- a story that deserves to be told with great pride... a story that deserves to be celebrated!

Jesse Nielsen, MSc. Manager, Assiniboine Watershed Stewardship Association


Funding Available for Agriculture Producers Beneficial Management Practices (BMPs) refer to a wide variety of agriculture practices aimed at reducing the environmental impact of farming activities on the landscape. Through the Farm Stewardship Program and Farm and Ranch Water Infrastructure Program producers are eligible to receive cost-shared funding for the implementation of BMP’s on their land. Eligibility Requirements: Own or Rent 320 acres AND have a $35,000 Gross Annual Farm Income.

Call the Assiniboine Watershed Stewardship Assoc. office for more information: 306-783-1693

Farm Stewardship Program BMPs Application and Claim Form Deadline for Rebate BMPs is Jan. 31, 2018 (blue) • Relocation of Livestock Facilities (60% up to $50,000) • Riparian Area Grazing Management & Fencing (50% up to $10,000) • Fencing to Protect Surface Water (50% up to $10,000) • Farmyard Run-off Control (50% up to $30,000) • Natural Waterway Erosion Control (75% up to $30,000) • Water Flow and Erosion Control (50% up to $20,000) • Creek & Stream Crossings (50% up to $20,000) • Protecting High Risk Erodible and Saline Soils (Seeding Forage) ($35/acre up to max of $10,000) • Native Plant Establishment (50% up to $10,000) • Native Range land Grazing Management & Fencing (50% up $10,000)

*BMPS that require an individual to have an Environmental Farm Plan Certificate: Application Deadline for Pre-Approval BMPs is June 30, 2017. Claim Form Deadline is Jan. 31, 2018 (black) • Variable Rate Fertilizer Equipment* (30% up to $5,000) • Variable Rate Mapping* (30% up to $2,000) • Shelterbelt Establishment* ($1,200/mile up to $5,000) • Manure Storage Enhancement* (30% up to $5,000) • Manure Application Equipment and Technologies* (30% up to $30,000) • Carcass Disposal Planning* (75% up to $30,000) • Weather Data Collection and Monitoring* (50% up to $1,000) • Used Oil Filter & Fluid Storage* (50% up to $5,000) • Plastic Grain Bag Roller* (50% up to $5,000) • Environmental Solutions* (20-50% up to $50,000)

Farm and Ranch Water Infrastructure Program Application Deadline is August 1, 2017 Claim Form Deadline is February 15, 2018 Funding Level Producers: 50% up to $60,000 RMs: 2/3 of project cost up to $150,000 Well Decommissioning: 90% up to $10,000 per well Eligible Projects • Wells: Small and Large Diameter & RM Tank Loading Stations • Dugouts: New and Expansions • Cattle Watering Systems: Solar, Nose Pumps, Wet-Well Systems, Etc. • Shallow/Deep Buried Pipelines: In-Pasture Cattle Watering • Decommissioning Abandoned Wells: Completed by Qualified Contractor • Protecting Existing Wells: Earth/Landscaping Work

Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page 35

Canora recycling business helps with used grain bags By Rocky Neufeld Traditionally most Saskatchewan farmers have stored the vast majority of their crops in grain bins; permanent structures located in a fixed spot. But in recent years there have been vast improvements in grain handling technology, and that includes grain storage. Many farmers are now taking advantage of the availability of grain bags, and utilizing them for a large portion of their grain storage. There are significant advantages to using grain bags. The cost per bushel is significantly lower than grain bin structures. There is much greater flexibility, since they can be set up in each new harvest season according to where they are needed at that particular time. If a farmer has a bumper crop and not enough grain bins to store all of it, grain bags are much quicker and cheaper to assemble than new grain bins. If the harvest has become so wet that it’s physically impossible to transport the grain off the field, the farmer can simply set up grain bags on the spot and store the grain in the same field where it was harvested. But grain bags come with their own set of challenges, especially when it’s time to dispose of them after the grain has been

removed. That’s where a new Canorabased company is stepping in. Eco-Gen X, located at 760 Norway Avenue in Canora, is owned and operated by Dallon Leger. It focuses on taking farm products which have previously been disposed of on farms or in landfills, and instead putting them through a recycling process to create something new and useful. Leger has been involved in farming since the age of 15, and is looking forward to helping other farmers. “I wanted to create a brand new business and I saw a need involving grain bags,” explains Leger. “There are very limited grain bag collection sites, so many farmers are burning or burying them. But this creates environmental hazards, either from leaching contaminants into the soil if they’re buried, or from releasing harmful chemicals into the air if they’re burned.” Leger is making an all-out effort to make sure farmers know that burning or burying used grain bags will soon be officially outlawed. It is currently illegal to burn these materials, but once the legislation is in place, fines will be enforced. As of January 1, 2018, there will be an enviro fee to help control and assist recyclers added to the cost of the bags for the farmer when he or she purchases

these bags. It will become illegal to burn or bury grain bags. Fines will be levied according to the number of grain bags, and could reach hundreds of thousands of dollars on today’s larger farms. But Leger’s new business is giving farmers across Saskatchewan a viable option for grain bag disposal. “We are a mobile operation and can come right to the farm to roll up the grain bags for the farmer,” said Leger. “If they already have the bags rolled up we can simply pick them up at their farms. Or if they like, farmers can deliver the bags to us.” As the first grain bag recycler and collection site in the Assiniboine Watershed, Eco-Gen X has a big challenge ahead. But Leger is excited by that challenge and the opportunity to provide farmers with a needed service. The mobile operation will include a grain bag roller mounted on a 30-foot gooseneck trailer. Initially EcoGen X will be sending the bags away for recycling, but Leger is in the process of acquiring an industrial plastic shredder to handle the job. Leger said that a shredder is the first piece of machinery he will be purchasing. It will be able to grind up these plastics to a more manageable size, and then the goal

is to purchase a wash plant and pelletiser machine which creates the pellets that can be used. “The shredder costs about $170,000 and recycles the grain bag plastic into plastic pellets, which can then be used in the construction of a wide variety of new plastic products,” said Leger. For farm visits to pick up and/or roll the bags, the charge will be 54 cents per kilometre plus a small fee per grain bag. Leger says there will be no fee if bags are delivered to the collection site. Eco-Gen X is working in partnership with Simply Ag, a Saskatoon-based company which has recycled about two million pounds of plastic grain bags in the past year. Without this service, there’s a good chance all that plastic would have ended up contaminating our air and soil. Leger is pleased that Eco-Gen X is starting up during the spring season, because this is exactly the time of year when most farmers are looking for the best possible way to get their grain bags off the fields and deal with the remaining plastic as efficiently as possible. Persons who have used grain bags to recycle and would like more information about the services offered by Eco-Gen X, may call Dallon Leger.

Farmers encouraged to recycle grain bags Sourced from the Ministry of Environment Simply Ag will operate a grain bag-recycling pilot for another year, while a permanent program is developed. In 2017, farmers can continue to drop off their grain bags for recycling at collection sites across the province. Check SimplyAg Solutions’ website for locations: http:// simplyag.ca/collection-sites/. Producers in the southeast area can drop bags off at Milestone or Macoun. At Milestone, there will be collection days on February 21 to 28, and April 4 to 11. There will be a small fee for dropping off grain bags.

Persons with questions may contact Tammy Myers at tammy.myers@mjriver.ca. Producers are cautioned not to burn used bags due to the environmental and health hazards. Burning these bags releases highly toxic materials into the atmosphere that could impact water and soil quality. For people with lung diseases, even a single exposure to this type of smoke can worsen their condition. Under Saskatchewan’s Environmental Management and Protection Act, individuals can be charged for burning plastic grain bags. This could result in the Ministry of

Environment issuing an Environmental Protection Order to the individual to clean up the site. In the summer of 2016, the Agricultural Packaging Product Waste Stewardship Regulations were introduced, requiring retailers and manufacturers to develop a recycling program for agricultural grain bags. CleanFARMS, a not-for-profit environmental stewardship organization, and the industry have been working together to start the permanent program by early 2018. Persons interested in learning more about program development and implementation may contact CleanFARMS.

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Page 36

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

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B Section

Peacock in Saskatchewan This is a close look at a peacock, which is one of the exotic birds being raised by a Rockford woman. Read the story and see the photos on pages B2 to B5.


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Page B2

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Rockford farmer has a passion for the extraordinary By Liz Jacobsen A passion for the extraordinary has led Sandra Trohak of Rockford to acquire Indian Blue peacocks. “I have always had unique pets on the farm,” said Trohak. “I always wanted a peacock. It all started when my mom D o l l y Tr o h a k w e n t t o an auction sale in Indian Head where she found a pair of peacocks that were

up for sale at the auction. “The pair of Indian Blue peacocks was only about one year-old. I was so excited to finally have my own peacock,” she said. When Trohak first received the pair of peacocks she locked them up in a safe environment for three months. “We were told by ‘experts’ to lock them up so they could get used to their

The male peacock’s head is brightly coloured.

A male peacock was photographed displaying its feathers.

new environment,” said Trohak. “In the beginning we couldn’t figure out was wrong as they wouldn’t eat and paced a lot. We contacted the previous owners and were told that the peacocks were used to running free and that they were probably restless. “I let them out and hoped for the best. “Peacocks can fly and I was afraid that they would fly off and not return.”

After been let out, the peacocks endured a storm and disappeared for a short time before coming back to roost at the farm. A little later, Trohak purchased another pair of Indian Blue peacocks. She had attempted to lock that pair up for a short time but they quickly made friends with the other pair and Trohak felt confident in letting them all out. Continued on Page B3

Sandra Trohak raises peacocks and enjoys taking photographs.

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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Rockford farmer has a passion for the extraordinary Continued from Page B2 “That first year was a real challenge,” said Trohak. “They wandered onto the road a lot and every time we tried to

chase them back home it seemed to scare them further away. Eventually the birds did fly home and have not been an issue since.


The peacocks began laying and hatching their own eggs. They laid three to five eggs each year which hatched. “The peacocks will make their own nests anywhere on the farm. We have had them make nests behind the house and in the bush around the yard. “The male peacock is very protective and will fly up to roost high above the nest. He will send off a high-pitched screech if a predator approaches.” The chicks are yellow with dark spots. As the bird gets older it continues to grow its colourful feathers. The male bird is more prominent with bright green colours and the female is a grey-coloured bird with a white breast. The female also has a long tail but not as long as their male counterparts. Continued on Page B4

Page B3

Peacocks roost anywhere including on the hedge at the farm of Sandra Trohak.

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The older and younger female peacocks showcase different colours.

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Page B4

Agricultural Edition

Rockford farmer has a passion for the extraordinary to birds of both sexes, she explained. Technically, only males are peacocks.

Continued from Page B3 The term “peacock” is commonly used to refer


621 Main Street, PO Box 2548, Humboldt, SK S0K 2A0

Females are peahens and together, they are called peafowl. Peacocks are groundfeeders that eat insects, plants and small creatures. They have a lifespan from 10 to 25 years and can grow to be as heavy as 25 pounds. P e a c o c k s a r e l a rg e , colourful pheasants (typically blue and green) known for their iridescent tails. These tail feathers, or coverts, spread out in a distinctive train that is

Week of March 19, 2017

more than 60 per cent of the bird’s total body length and boast colourful “eye” markings of blue, gold, red, and other hues. The large train is used in mating rituals and courtship displays. It can be arched into a magnificent fan that reaches across the bird’s back and touches the ground on either side. Females are believed to choose their mates according to the size, colour, and quality of the outrageous feather trains.

To date, Trohak has a total of nine peacocks. “I have sold a few fourmonth-old chicks but it is very hard for me to part with one,” she said. “They are very sociable birds that will come to the house every morning for a treat that consists of some bread but they are afraid of strangers.” Each year the male peacocks will lose his feathers and in the spring they will re-grow. The older the bird, the more bright

colours it will get and length of tail feathers will also be more prominent. “ We h a v e G r e a t Parnassian dogs on the farm that provide protection for all the animals but they do have a drawback,” she said. “The drawback is that the dogs will sometimes eat the peacock’s eggs if we don’t find them in time. “I love my peacocks and they have turned into an obsession for me.” More photos on Page B5


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A peacock can enjoy roosting on the top of a vehicle.

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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page B5

Rockford farmer has a passion for the extraordinary More photos on Page B23


A female peacock will make a nest anywhere including in a flowerbed.

A male peacock can be all fluffed up.

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Page B6

Agricultural Edition

Driving a farm tractor nn oo ii m m pp ll ee m m ee nn tt aa tt tt aa cc hh ee dd


Can your child do this job? ABILITY

Is the child strong enough to fully operate the controls without using both feet or straining? Yes. No. STOP STOP! Children who canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t fully operate the controls are more likely to be injured.

Main Hazards

Collision with fences and trees can cause injury

Does the child have good peripheral vision? For example, while looking straight ahead, can the child see your finger entering his or her field of vision at shoulder level? Yes. No. STOP STOP! Children with limited vision may not see people or obstacles in the work area. Can the child use hands and feet at the same time? For example, can the child run and dribble a basketball? Yes. No. STOP STOP! Children who lack coordination may not be able to safely drive a tractor. Can the child understand and repeat from memory a 10-step process(for small tractors)? A 20-step process (for large tractors)?

Tractor rollover can cause death or disability

Yes. No. STOP STOP! Children who canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t remember the steps to a job are more likely to be injured. Can the child react quickly?

Yes. No. STOP STOP! Children need quick reactions to avoid injury.

Tractor runover can cause death or disability

Yes. No. STOP STOP! Children must be able to recognize hazards, think about how to respond, and stay calm to prevent injury. Is your child responsible? Do you trust your child to do whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s expected without anyone checking? Yes. No. STOP STOP! Irresponsible behavior can lead to injury.


Does the child usually go with his or her â&#x20AC;&#x153;gutâ&#x20AC;? feeling without thinking too much about what could happen next? Yes. STOP STOP! Children who act on impu lse are more likely to be injured. No. Does the child do things that seem dangerous for the thrill of it? Yes. STOP STOP! Children who take risks or behave dangerously are more likely to be injured. No.

TRAINING Has the child been trained to operate the tractor (tractor certification or equivalent)? Yes. No. STOP STOP! Training is needed to prevent injury. Has an adult demonstrated driving a farm tractor on site? Yes. No. STOP STOP! Children learn best when shown how to do the job on site. Has the child shown he or she can do the job safely 4 to 5 times under close supervision? Yes. No. ! C$UTION! $n a d u lt m u s t watch constantly until the child shows he or she can do the job.


Hearing protection

SUPERVISION Can an adult supervise as recommended? Yes. No. STOP STOP! The right level of supervi sion is key to preventing injuries.

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Can the child recognize a hazard and solve the problem without getting upset?

Microphones, cameras and computers provide early warning of disease or other signs of trouble By Ed White Winnipeg bureau, Western Producer


Can the child reach and operate all controls while wearing a seatbelt, or remain completely seated on a lawn tractor? Yes. No. STOP STOP! Children who canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t reach the controls are more likely to be injured.

Week of March 19, 2017

Whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s the right amount? Here are suggestionsâ&#x20AC;&#x201C; but remember, it depends on the child. These recommendations depend on the tractorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s horsepower and the job to be performed. Age 14-15: :$7&+ FRQVWDQWO\DWILUVW:KHQWKHFKLOGVKRZV he or she can do the job, &+(&. every few minutes. Age 16+: $FKLOGPXVWEHRUROGHUto drive an articulated tractor or drive on a public road. &+(&.every few minutes. :hen the child shows he or she can do the job, /($9( fRUto 30 minutes.

This North American Guideline for Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Agricultural Tasks has been reproduced with permission from National Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety. For more information visit http://cultivatesafety.org/work-guidelines.

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Coughs, pecks, slurps.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;Average, thin, fat.â&#x20AC;? Those are some of the real-life sounds and sights that are part of the reality of â&#x20AC;&#x153;precision livestock farming,â&#x20AC;? according to a European expert who spoke at the Manitoba Swine Seminar. They can be the key to catching problems quickly before a human would spot them and fixing systems and helping animals before a small problem becomes a major one. â&#x20AC;&#x153;It can be part of an early warning system,â&#x20AC;? said Tomas Norton, an Irish researcher, systems developer and professor. Norton said early precision livestock production systems are being developed in Europe using microphones, cameras and computer analysis to spot problems. Microphones can be used to pick up a wide array of barn noises, including pig coughs. A computer algorithm can sort through the coughs to alert a farmer if there is anything unusual about the coughs in the barn, which could reveal a disease that is about to break out. It sounds simple, but creating a system that actually works isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t easy. For instance, barns are not quiet places. â&#x20AC;&#x153;You have a lot of noise in a typical pig building â&#x20AC;Ś ventilation systems, doors banging, pigs banging things, grunting, coughing, screaming, etc.â&#x20AC;? As a result, a computerized system needs to be able to separate the sounds and extract only coughs. However, all coughs are not the same.

Pigs generally cough when they get up, or for various other reasons. Only sick coughs reveal a potential problem. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We need an algorithm that can extract (the right sounds),â&#x20AC;? said Norton. â&#x20AC;&#x153;(Fortunately), itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not that complicated.â&#x20AC;? The same goes for cameras that can be set up over pens. Visual data can be analyzed with another algorithm to identify overweight or underweight pigs, which can also be a sign of trouble. Precision systems like this donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t just require cameras, microphones and computer systems; they also require a human overseer who doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t need to be on the farm being monitored. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We also need somebody whoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s listening to whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s going on in the house,â&#x20AC;? said Norton. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We want to do stuff in real time. We want to send the information as quickly as possible to the farmer.â&#x20AC;? The gains can be significant not only for efficiency but also for sustainability. Catching a disease before it becomes a problem stops pig deaths and growth losses early and reduces antibiotic use. The systems can even spot basic mechanical problems such as plugged feeders and water sources. Farmers often donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t receive feedback on the health or status of their animals until it is too late to act. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The problem is that the farmer canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t act on that information,â&#x20AC;? Norton said about occasional assessments or reports from slaughterhouses. Thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s what precision livestock farming is all about. â&#x20AC;&#x153;There is a possibility to act on it so you donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t decrease the efficiency of your production,â&#x20AC;? he said.

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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page B7

New agroclimate data relies on many sources Agri-Food Canada--Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada creates all kinds of maps and information about agroclimate (the relationship between climate and agriculture) conditions, events, and impacts, but they can’t rely on just one source. Information from weather stations, satellites, and people on the ground all help paint the picture. It’s easy to see why: while traditional weather stations (about 2,000 across Canada) are excellent at capturing information about precipitation and temperature at a particular location, in some areas they’re spread far enough apart that a storm could easily pass between stations undetected. Volunteer reporters located between stations can help collect valuable information that improves the quality of reporting by filling in these gaps. “Canadian geography and soil type can vary significantly in a short distance. One inch of rain over nearby locations with different soil types, vegetation, topography, and drainage can result in very different impacts. A weather station gauge will tell you how much it rained, but it cannot tell you what the impacts are. A person can,” said Patrick Cherneski, manager of the national Agroclimate Information Service, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Also, humans are better than machines at some tasks. For example, snow is particularly difficult to measure with automated weather and climate gauging stations, as it can vary in density and does not fall uniformly into measuring devices. Volunteer reporters doing daily measurements improve both the coverage and quality of reporting. Tw o m a j o r c i t i z e n - s c i e n c e

agroclimate collections are the Community Collaborative Rain, Hail and Snow Network (CoCoRaHS) and the Agroclimate Impact Reporter. The Community Collaborative Rain, Hail and Snow Network began in the United States in 1998 and came to Canada in 2011. By using low-cost measurement tools, training, and an interactive website, the aim is to provide high quality data for natural resource, education, and research applications. Volunteers are required to have a fourinch diameter rain gauge and a snow ruler to allow them to make daily measurements of rain, hail, or snow, which they then enter online. The Agroclimate Impact Reporter incorporates measurements collected through CoCoRaHS in the production of daily agroclimate maps. Hundreds of maps on temperature, precipitation, and other parameters are made available online on Drought Watch for all to use. Reports from CoCoRaHS reporters in rural areas with a low number of climate stations, from gap areas between climate stations, and snow measurements are especially valuable. Another application of citizen-collected data is seen in the Agroclimate Impact Reporter (AIR), an activity AAFC began in 2013. This easy-to-use online geospatial tool allows volunteers to report on the impacts of weather and climate conditions and events in their region. Rather than providing purely numerical measurements, volunteer reporters qualify the impacts of weather conditions, which provide an important level of information for decision-making. To gather this kind of data, online and geospatial technology is used to enable

volunteer reporters to report impacts by making selections on standardized scales. For example, “To what degree do you anticipate livestock feed supply shortages over the winter? - High, Medium, Low, Not at All.” Reporters can also add specific details. “In some respects, it is more important to know the impacts from conditions or events than to know the absolutes like how much it rained. There is no better source for impact information than those who live in the affected areas,” said Trevor Hadwen, Agroclimate specialist with the national Agroclimate Information Service, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. The greater the number of reporters creates more reliable the data. AIR is most active on the Prairies (Alberta,

Saskatchewan, Manitoba) where there are approximately 300 active reporters. Efforts are underway to develop the AIR volunteer network in Ontario, the Atlantic region, British Columbia and Quebec. The end goal of both programs is to provide information for better decisionmaking. The more information available to users, the better their decisions will be. For example, AIR allows AAFC policy and program developers to understand developing risks more quickly and to better target programs. It could also be used by individual producers to better understand the regional impacts of weather and to inform their marketing plans, but all with the same goal: better decision making.

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Page B8

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Treating your seed â&#x20AC;&#x201C; How to ensure ideal establishment By Katey Makohoniuk Agronomist Prairie Soil Services Ltd. When asked to write this article, it took me a bit of time to decide what to write about. It had to be something timely,

informative and of course valuable to the farmers reading it. I also wanted to speak to the non-farming people who may take the time to read it as well, and maybe even help them learn a thing or two about what we do out there in

the fields and bring some awareness about modern farming practices. I kicked around several different topics which are all very important, but in my mind, the most important part of growing a good crop is proper

Loading treated seed wheat into a truck.

establishment. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve heard many people in the Ag industry say that the greatest potential a seed can have is while itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s still in the bag or bin â&#x20AC;&#x201C; and from the moment that it is put into the ground, it loses that yield potential with each additional environmental factor that it battles every day such as weather (hot, dry, wet, or cold), insects, lack of nutrition, disease, mechanical issues, cold soil, weeds, etc. etc. Seeds and seedlings are very vulnerable to a wide range of pests and factors, so itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s our job to ensure that we protect them from as many of these factors as possible. The first factors that our seeds encounter can often

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KATEY MAKOHONIUK AGRONOMIST PRAIRIE SOIL SERVICES LTD. be cold, wet soils where certain diseases can take hold, and where germination can be more difficult. As an agronomist, Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m a firm believer in seed testing and the great work that the labs can do in helping farmers use the best seed possible. When a grower comes in for help with his or her cereal crop samples, I almost always recommend a germination and cool stress/vigor test to start. Germination testing will tell the grower how many seeds will germinate under ideal conditions, while a cool stress/vigor test will illustrate what the germination rate is under more realistic conditions, similar to what it may be like in the field. Other tests that I commonly recommend on wheat are for disease â&#x20AC;&#x201C; a huge factor when trying to establish a vigorous crop, so a fungal scan looking for different pathogens is very important when evaluating a seed source. If the presence of these pathogens is too high, a different seed source should be considered. So how can we lessen the effects that weather and disease can have on our future crop? A good place to start is the use of a seed treatment. Almost all canola seed comes treated, so thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s e a s y e n o u g h , b u t i t â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

usually up to the growers to treat their cereal and pulse crops. Making that decision can be difficult, as there is an extra cost and time associated with treating. I like to think of it as extra insurance for your crop, being that thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s no real way to know what pathogens already exist in your soil, plus the huge weather factor that must be considered â&#x20AC;&#x201C; it may be nice and warm out the day you seed, but you really never know what will happen the next day or in the next 10 days after planting. Seed treatment gives you a buffer and helps those plants deal with stresses that may arise when they are the most vulnerable. Plants that are free of stress equal plants that produce more seeds, putting more yield in your bin. When you make the decision to treat your seed, choosing a product is your next step. There is a lot of research out there on most of the products available, and some of the most conclusive results that Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve seen indicate that all registered products are effective in seed protection, as long as you use them! Of course there are subtle differences in formulations, ease of use, yield preservation, and supplier programming (but thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a topic for another article). Continued on Page B9

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Trials that have been conducted have shown that AG aircraft coverage is equal and in some cases better than conventional high clearance sprayersâ&#x20AC;?

Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page B9

Treating your seed – How to ensure ideal establishment Continued from Page B8 By far, my best advice when it comes to the use of seed treatments is very practical: coverage is key. If adequate coverage isn’t maintained, your seed treatment will not perform the way it was designed to. While there are several treatment applicators on the market, they are not all created equal. Lower value ‘drip treaters’ strapped to

an auger are just that – low value. There is no way of determining rate or accurately covering each seed. Secondary mixing through the auger certainly helps, but there are better ways. I won’t go into full detail in the interest of time, but I will mention that in the past few years, new innovations have made seed treating easier and extremely accurate – there

are some really great options out there now being made accessible to a wide range of growers. As a retailer, we’ve got access to a few of these options and would be more than happy to discuss them with growers in the area. Along with conventional seed treatments, most farmers are aware of several “add ons” that they can use to further aid in

Setting up a new AGI Storm Treater used for precise and clean treatment of seed, from left, were: Mat Dennison, president of Prairie Soil Services, and Chris Larsen with AGI.

Treating Seed Wheat with Raxil Pro Shield and Emerge Cereal with AGI Storm Treater, from left, were: Jason Farr, Mat Dennison and Brody Farr.

crop establishment. One of the main categories of add ons is an insecticide component (to guard against early season pests such as flea beetles, cutworms, or wireworms). These insect pests can result in huge crop losses if left unchecked (preventative action/insurance). This should be planned out with your agronomist and retailer, and then added to your seed if necessary. The other categories of treatments include biological agents (commonly known as bacterial inoculants, vital to pulse crop production) and seed primers which add low doses of nutrients to the developing

seedling as it emerges and begins to establish. These add-on products are specialized in regards to the type of crop you’re growing, and of course come at an additional cost. Beware of the less-thanuseful products out there too – make sure to talk it over with an agronomist if you are unsure… keep in mind that usually if something sounds too good to be true, it likely is! With that being said, the best way to really know if a product will work on your farm is to try it and compare. Try half a field, or a strip in a more consistent part of your field that you can

easily check side-by-side for emergence, vigor, insect pressure, and if you’re equipped – yield. Crop establishment is an important job and can sometimes seem overwhelming as there are so many methods, pieces of equipment, and products that we can utilize to get the crop off to a great start. Luckily, there are agronomists such as myself who thrive on being able to help the growers we work with make sound decisions on crop management. S o d o n ’t h e s i t a t e t o reach out and let us help you, it’s what we’re here for!

Page B10

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Grain safety program gets off the ground Grain is the lifeblood of most farming operations, and the need to grow more of it in response to world demand is good news for Canadian farmers. Unfortunately, this increase in production, handling and storage has been accompanied by a growing number of grain entrapments (workers becoming submerged in grain, which often leads to death by suffocation). According to media reports, in 2015 alone, there were seven deaths and two injuries connected with grain across Canada. To put this in perspective, there were 17 deaths over the 23 years from 1990 to 2012. In the United States, extensive grain safety training is offered to producers, including training in grain extraction, confined spaces, grain dust, and

lockout-tag out procedures (to ensure dangerous machines are shut off properly when not in use). But until now, programs like these have not existed in Canada. The Canadian Agricultural Safety Association (CASA) has responded with a grain safety program known as “BeGrainSafe”. At its heart is a mobile unit which will be the first in Canada and is modelled after U.S. units. This unit will serve three purposes: • Rescue training to help train first responders in grain extrication procedures; • General prevention to explain the dangers of grain entrapment and the importance of lockout-tagout procedures to the public, and • On-site training to provide prevention and emergency plan training to

workplaces. The “BeGrainSafe” program includes a trade show component designed to demonstrate grain entrapment and communicate the hazards of confined spaces and mechanical dangers. It also offers interactive table-top displays to engage youth (and their parents). The program will be supported by a microsite with an online calendar, information, learning materials and more. CASA launched the program in

January 2017 at Manitoba Ag Days in Brandon. It will start in the three Prairie provinces and visit as many major farm shows over the course of the next few years as possible. CASA receives funding in part through the Fostering Business Development component of Growing Forward 2, a federal, provincial, territorial initiative. Persons wishing additional information may visit BeGrainSafe or contact CASA at info@casa-acsa.ca.

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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page B11

Prairie farmers receive mixed signals on boron use A U.S. agronomist says prairie soil likely needs more boron, but Canadian research tells a different story By Robert Arnason Brandon bureau, Western Producer Listening to Neal Kinsey is fantastic. Kinsey, a soil fertility expert, speaks passionately about soil, agronomy and nutrients, but as a bonus he has a unique accent. He’s from southern Missouri and his accent is a combination of U.S. South and the Midwest. His pronunciation of “eye” sounds a lot like “ahhh,” and copper sounds like cawhper. Kinsey’s soothing voice was a welcome sound at CropConnect, an agriculture conference held in Winnipeg recently, but most of the growers in his session were more interested in his thoughts on micronutrients. Kinsey, who runs Kinsey Ag Services in Charleston, Missouri, has provided soil fertility advice to farmers in more than 75 countries. In Winnipeg, he dedicated most of his talk to boron, a micronutrient that may affect the nutrient uptake, seed size and yield of many crops. Most government and commodity group

websites say western Canadian soil has more than enough boron. Kinsey said that’s correct: many soils have 20 to 200 pounds of boron per acre. However, there’s a huge difference between available and unavailable boron in the soil. “If you’re looking at the total amount of boron in the soil, basically all the soils in the world have enough boron,” he said. “But if you’re looking at how much of that boron is in the form that the plant can take and use, almost every soil in the world has a deficiency of boron.” Kinsey said most plants need 0.8 to 1.5 parts per million available boron, based on his testing methods. Levels below .8 p.p.m. are low or deficient. “Every crop we work with needs 1.5 parts per million boron … if you want to get the best response.” Plants absorb boron when it’s in the form of borate, but borate leaches out of the soil as quickly as nitrates, Kinsey said. Therefore, it’s difficult to retain a sufficient amount of boron in lighter soil.

“Most sandy soils … we have to put (boron) on every year to keep it above the minimum,” he said. “On some heavy soils, we can sometimes skip a year or two, or maybe three.” Kinsey said boron is critical for seed development because the micronutrient takes starch out of the leaf and moves it into the grain. Late in the growing season is an opportune time to diagnose boron deficiency. The kernels of a small grain crop such as wheat tell a story about boron because kernels on the middle of the head fill out first, followed by the top and then the bottom, Kinsey said. “If you’ve got shrivelled grain at the bottom of your wheat head, you don’t have enough boron.” Kinsey is convinced that western Canadian growers are leaving yield on the table if they don’t have sufficient available boron, but research doesn’t support his argument. The Canola Council of Canada looked at the potential benefits of boron as part of its Ultimate Canola Challenge program.

Council agronomist Nicole Philp said in a report that canola has higher boron requirements than wheat or barley. However, three years of applying boron in small plot trials across the Prairies didn’t show a yield benefit. As well, a field scale trial showed no significant yield benefit from boron, regardless of soil pH or organic matter levels. One site had soil boron levels of 0.2 p.p.m., but there was still no yield response to added boron. “Of any research (on boron) that has been done by government groups or independent third parties, we’ve never been able to see a consistent yield response, or protein or oil quality improvement,” Philp said in 2015. Alberta Agriculture, on its website, says cereal crops do not respond to added boron. As well, too much boron can hamper yields. “Canola, pea and bean yields have declined by 10 to 20 per cent due to boron toxicity after a two lb. per acre application of boron.”

Canada’s Agriculture Day will celebrate 150 years of agriculture AgriSource-- For generations, agriculture has made significant contributions to Canada’s economy, food supply, environment and culture. On July 1, 1867, the federal Department of Agriculture was created and the first minister of agriculture was appointed. Even today, Agriculture and Agri-food Canada provides leadership in the growth, development and sustainability of the Canadian agriculture and agri-food sector. Agriculture and agri-food is now a $100-billion industry: Canadian foods and beverages are found around the globe. Canada is the world’s fifth-largest exporter hitting new records every year. The agriculture and agri-food industry also employs 2.2 million Canadians (that’s one in eight jobs).

Canada’s Agriculture Day was marked on February 16. During an all-day event set for Ottawa, Canada’s Agriculture Day celebrated the food that residents love. There were three parts of the all-day event: an “Agriculture More Than Ever” luncheon, a “The Future of Agriculture is Bright” session, and a “Celebrating the Food We Love” evening reception. The “Future of Agriculture is Bright: session was broadcast live by Agriwebinar, for persons interested in viewing the live-streamed event. The event featured a fireside chat with youth, producers and McDonald’s Canada CEO John Betts. Also, there was a global perspective on the future of food from keynote speaker Zenia Tata, executive director


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of Global Development at XPrize. There are also a few other projects being planned to help mark Canada’s 150th anniversary, and the impact agriculture had on the nation. Farm Credit Canada launched its new campaign “Here’s to the Farmer” on February 11. The FCC Forum in Winnipeg was held on February 28. It featured Clara Hughes and Rex Murphy, who shared their stories of success. Canadian Agriculture Literacy Month is being held in March. The theme is “Our Food, Our Story.” Agriculture in the Classroom Canada is inviting producers, students and businesses to share their own food story on Twitter using #MyFoodStory.





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Page B12

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

You canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t manage what you donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t measure By Rachel Kraynick, PAg Regional Farm Business Management Specialist Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture, Yorkton There is an old management saying, â&#x20AC;&#x153;what you can measure, you can manage,â&#x20AC;? and this is very true in agriculture today. Whether you grow crops or raise livestock, understanding your cost of production is critical to understanding the profitability of your operation. If you have a solid understanding of what it costs you to produce the different commodities on your farm, you will then have a better understanding of what you need to market them at in order to make a profit. It can also help you understand things like how much you can afford to pay for land rent, or even help you benchmark your costs compared to other years or other operations. Knowing your cost of production is about understanding the business from the expense side of your income statement â&#x20AC;&#x201C; not to mention it will impress your banker. Both variable costs and fixed costs should be included in the cost of production calculation. Variable costs change according to what you are producing â&#x20AC;&#x201C; things like seed, fertilizer, chemical, crop insurance premiums, feed, veterinary and medicine costs, fuel and repairs. Fixed costs tend to remain the same even as production changes â&#x20AC;&#x201C; things like your phone bill, accounting bill, depreciation, and property taxes. There are many options available to help to simplify and speed up the process of calculating cost of production. Some are even free. Some track information on a per crop basis, and more detailed calculators can track cost of production on a field by field basis. There are spreadsheet based calculators, web based calculators, and there are also stand-alone programs to assist with the calculation. The important thing to remember is that the number calculated is only as accurate as the numerical data entered.

Therefore, it is important to take your time and make sure all costs are entered accurately, and entered in the appropriate place. Numbers should be updated as new information becomes available. The Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture publishes a Crop Planning Guide each year to assist producers in estimating their potential revenue and cost of production for the various crops. The Crop Planning Guide includes each of the three soil zones in the province as well as the specialty crops guide. The Guide uses a number of assumptions on yields, crop prices, input use and costs as well as other expenses (i.e. machinery depreciation, land investment costs) which will not be the same for each farm in the province. The revenue and costs numbers contained in the Guide should be considered as a starting point for individual producerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s crop planning. These numbers should be adjusted with your own information on previous and expected yields, crop prices, production practices and resulting variable costs, as well as the your actual other or fixed costs. For 2017, the general assumptions are stated at the front of the Guide. The 2017 Guide is different from the previous yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Guide, in that it emphasizes recommended agronomic practices for both the short and longer term. This includes the use of certified seed, optimal nutrient application based on soil fertility testing, as well as comprehensive crop protection practices that include the potential costs of managing

the growing herbicide resistance on Saskatchewan farms. It contains an estimate of variable and fixed expenses for an average sized farm in each of the soil zones. To make the best use of the Crop Planning Guide it is most valuable to use the worksheet supplied with the publication, or to use the downloadable spreadsheet found on Saskatchewan.ca by searching â&#x20AC;&#x153;Crop Planning Guide.â&#x20AC;? You can then enter your own costs, yields and commodity price estimates, as well as your overhead expenses. Of course, some of these are unknown at this time of year, but using the best information available and updating as the season progresses will keep your target prices updated. In addition to the published Crop Planning Guide, a number of on-line calculators are available on the Ministry of Agriculture website. The planners are Microsoft Excel spreadsheets and may be useful tools in determining your individual cost of production. Examples of the type of calculators available include: The Crop Planner; Bale Grazing Calculator; Beef CowCalf Plan; Cattle Feeding Break Even Calculator, and Farm Machinery Custom Rental Rate Guide Calculator. Knowing your break-even yields and prices wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t guarantee a farm profit but it does keep you on target when used in decision making and can greatly improve your chances of success. Ensure you measure your costs to maximize your potential.

Unharvested crops need early spring By Brian Cross Saskatoon newsroom, Western Producer Prairie farmers who were unable to harvest all of their crops last fall will be keeping their fingers crossed for an early spring. An estimated two to 2.5 million acres of unharvested crop across western Canada will need

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to be cleaned up before spring seeding. An early spring with consistently mild temperatures would be hugely beneficial to growers who are faced with harvesting last yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s crop and planting a new one in the same busy spring season. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re actually hoping for warm weather so that the snow melts and we can get some combining

done before weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re supposed to be seeding,â&#x20AC;? said Kevin Bender, who farms near Sylvan Lake, Alta. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This is kind of new territory for a lot of people â&#x20AC;Ś so weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll just have wait and see what happens.â&#x20AC;? Bender said a significant number of prairie growers will be under the gun this year, trying to balance seeding operations with whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s left of

last yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s harvest. Saskatchewan agric u l t u r e m i n i s t e r Ly l e Stewart said in late February that approximately 1.3 million acres have yet to be harvested in Saskatchewan. Those acres are spread throughout the province, although unharvested acres are most common in the west-central region. Continued on Page B13



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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page B13

Unharvested crops need early spring Continued from Page B12 “There’s about 1.3 million acres that did not get harvested last fall and that is always an issue going into the following crop year,” Stewart said. “That material has to be harvested and taken off the field before any seeding can happen there.” In Alberta, the Agriculture Financial Services Corp. estimated in mid-January that more than one million acres had yet to be harvested in the province. Unharvested acres are greatest in the Alberta’s northeast, northwest and Peace River districts, where extremely wet field conditions last fall sidelined harvest crews. Manitoba’s unharvested area is estimated at 100,000 acres. Bender said growers with unharvested acres are concerned primarily with managing their fields and getting them prepared for planting. However, extra effort may be required when it comes to marketing springharvested crops. At this point, growers who have unharvested cereals are probably not too concerned about further deterioration of grain quality.

Grain quality has already been affected, and any cereals that are harvested this spring will almost certainly be sold as feed, he said. H o w e v e r, e x c r e m e n t from rodents, deer and other wildlife could further affect the marketability of feed grains, he said. “I think one of the biggest concerns is going to be excreta from deer and mice,” he said. “I don’t know how that’s going to play out either or if

that’s going to end up being a problem, but I know it can be an issue.” Marketing spring-harvested canola could also be problematic. Some grain companies have indicated that prices for spring-harvested canola will be discounted to account for changes to the oil profile. Sources in the grain industry say other companies have informed growers that they will not be buying spring-harvested canola at

quality damage. “ T h e r e ’s a l w a y s t h e moisture issue, so when you have a mild winter like this, you’ve got snow that’s melting on the crops and the temperature allows that moisture to penetrate the seed, obviously causing germination issues … but it also causes issues with a variety of different types of funguses and molds and seed rots,” he said. “And of course there’s always the ever-present

any price. It is not entirely clear how the oil quality of spring-harvested canola is affected, but growers are encouraged to have all springharvested oilseeds and cereals lab-tested to ensure they are receiving full value for their commodities. Jeremy Welter, who farms near Kerrobert, about two hours west of Saskatoon, said crops that have been sitting out through the winter are prone to many types of

factor of rodents in the field. … I guarantee you that if walk along a swath and kick it over you’re going to find mice underneath there.… Just the fact that it’s been so warm recently means that the mice and the rodents are definitely mobile and there’s a very, very easily accessible food source. That’s also going to mean a drop in quality and a drop in grade at the elevator when you bring in samples that are full of mice feces.”

Next policy framework funding amount still not determined Ottawa is non-committal on how much money will be up for grabs By Karen Briere Regina bureau, Western Producer As Ottawa and the provinces move toward a new agricultural policy framework, the question of how much money the five-year deal will contain looms large. Conservative agriculture critic David Anderson noted that three pillars were added after the ministerial meeting in Calgary last July, but there has been no indication of whether any more money will be offered to pay for them. “The government has refused to make any kind of commitment at all,” he said in an interview after addressing the Canadian Federation of Agriculture’s annual meeting. The current $3 billion agreement, funded 60 per cent by Ottawa and

40 per cent by the provinces, expires March 31, 2018, and ministers are expected to sign the new deal in Newfoundland and Labrador this summer. However, farmers across Canada have been lobbying to improve business risk management programs, AgriStability in particular, and that would take more money. Adding climate change and environment, public trust and value-added and food processing to the framework also raises questions about whether the funding envelope will be larger. Several governments, including Ottawa and Saskatchewan, are already dealing with large deficits and signalling tough budgets. Federal Agriculture Minister Lawrence MacAulay told the CFA meeting that negotiations continue, but he won’t say anything publicly

“until we get something together.” He noted that participation in AgriStability has dropped from about 60 per cent of eligible participants to 30 per cent. “That is just not working,” he said. “It’s a 60-40 formula, we’re attempting to put it together and hopefully we will be able to do so.” Alberta delegate Humphrey Banack said improved business risk management programs are critical. “At the levels we’re at, at the 70 per cent coverage level for AgriStability, it just doesn’t cover those risks,” he said, adding that some sectors have no coverage at all. MacAulay replied that farmers and organizations should push their provincial ministers on the issue, too, because they all have to agree. “I have to have the support of the provinces,” he said.

The House of Commons agriculture committee has just completed its report on the next policy framework, but it hasn’t yet been made public. Anderson said federal officials who appeared before the committee were non-committal on the topic of funding. “I think farmers need to pay attention to this, just keep their eye on what’s being included in this and then how they might expect to see that money being spent,” he said. Some have expressed concern about how much money value-added and food processing would require from a pot that is already smaller than it was in the 2008-13 agreement. A resolution from the Agricultural Producers Association of Saskatchewan that would restrict framework funding to primary agriculture was narrowly defeated.

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Page B14

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Universe Satellite wins Canadian ATV dealer of the year award by Kara Kinna

Universe Satellite Sales in Rocanville has been named the Arctic Cat Canadian 2017 ATV Dealer of the Year. The award was presented to Universe Satellite owner Stan Langley at the Arctic Cat dealer show in St. Paul, Minnesota at the end of February. Langley, who attends the dealer show each year, says he was shocked to find out he was getting the award. All of the Arctic Cat dealers from North America, as well a few dealers from other countries, were in attendance. About 1,500 people were on hand for the awards. “My rep came and saw me. He said ‘Put up your hand Stan, I need to know where you are,’ and he said ‘sit by the outside edge of the row,’ and I thought ‘Something’s happening,’ ” says Langley. “And then a little way through the business meeting they announced all their award winners. They announced all the American winners and then the two from Canada. There was one for snowmobiles in Canada and myself for the ATVs. We were the top ATV dealer for Canada. “When they started naming people off and people were going up on stage I was thinking ‘holy, we must be going to get something.’ And then they called my name. “I was pretty pumped and it didn’t really settle in until on the way home. I was thinking ‘holy crow there are a lot of ATV dealers in Canada for Arctic Cat and we were picked number one so we must be doing something right.’ I’m still thinking about that. “But I’ve got good staff and we have good customers. We have a ton of good customers that make things like this happen. Because without them saying good things about me, this probably wouldn’t have happened either.” Langley says there are a number of reasons why his dealership was chosen for the award. “It was based on market share and your customer satisfaction information. When they

send out a sheet to a customer that we’ve sold something to, that customer says things about it. The reps also probably have a fair bit to say about it. We have our open houses, we do demo days, we advertise lots, we’ve grown our business from the ground up to be one of the higher selling dealers in Canada.

“I think we’re certainly recognized around the area and it’s something we can use for promoting ourselves a little more,” he says. “If we are the Canadian dealer of the year, we must be doing something right and hopefully we can use this to bring more people into the shop to sell more product as well.”

“They’ve gone away from just giving it to the guy who just sells the most ATVs. I’m in a town of under 1,000 people and we got that award. I guess we did everything right to keep all of our customers happy and we’ve got tons and tons of repeat customers.”

Langley started selling snowmobiles in 1991 and started selling Arctic Cats in 1993—for almost 25 years now.

Langley also gives a lot of credit to his staff for winning the award. “I’ve got good people working in the back, I’ve got the girls here up front, I’ve got really good staff. I think when people come here and shop, they get an experience as well as buying something. We always have fun. I do a lot of deliveries in the evenings. You sit down with the customer and have a coffee or something with them after you’ve delivered that piece of equipment to them and they are quite happy with the service.

Universe Satellite has grown tremendously over the years and is one of the main dealers for snowmobiles in Southeast Saskatchewan and Southwest Manitoba. What is the secret to their success? “Small town businesses I think always do extremely well,” says Langley. “There is a lot more customer service when you go to a small town, that’s what I think. And we look after the people that buy from us. We go, I think, above and beyond looking after people’s needs out here. And we are part of the community. Everybody knows everybody that works here, so we are a

big part of the community as well.” Langley says, aside from the odd change to his business here and there, he plans to continue doing what he’s doing. “I’d sooner do a good job at what we are doing now and continue doing a good job than getting bigger and bigger and bigger,” he says. “I know there are a few other things coming down the line we will be looking at. Arctic Cat has been bought by Textron and Textron manufactures Easy Go golf carts. That is something we are probably going to expand into—the golf cart business, sales and servicing them. But other than that nothing extraordinary coming down the line, because what we are doing now is obviously working.”

The staff at Universe Satellite Sales with their award. From left are Randy Stanhope, Dylan Springer, Savanah Langley, Ian Langley holding Mason Langley, Garry Birkenshaw, Joe Mitchell, owner Stan Langley, Dawna Kingdon, and Tanis Stanhope.

“This award also goes by what you have for trained staff. We have our people who are Cat Masters. They have all their training through Arctic Cat for the mechanics, and we’ve got all those people who are qualified to do these jobs, and that was another thing you get points on.” Universe Satellite has won awards from Arctic Cat before, but nothing this big. “We’ve gotten Diamond Dealer awards—we’ve gotten a lot of awards since we’ve started,” says Langley. “There have been district awards. But all the dealers have a chance to become Diamond Dealers and that is based on numbers, whereas there is only one Canadian dealer of the year for 2017. And that’s us.” Langley says getting the Canadian ATV Dealer of the Year Award means a lot to him. (Paid Advertorial)





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Page B16

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Family of four generations continues farming tradition By Liz Jacobsen Laurie Meberg and his son Brett of Preeceville have continued the tradition of their forefathers by farming the original homestead. “It is an honour to continue the tradition and follow in the steps of my grandfather and father,” said Laurie Meberg. The generation farm

was founded by Ben Meberg who was born in Norway and found his way to the United States at the age of 18. He worked as a farm labourer for a few years prior to becoming employed as a carpenter. He and his wife, Geoline arrived in Canada and settled in the Preeceville area. The couple had four children:

A large silo that was previously utilized for a dairy operation is now being used for grain storage.

Mildred, Gladys, Norman and Doris. Norman, the only son, took over the farm and passed it along to his son Laurie and now his grandson Brett is working the land. “Some of the fondest memories of growing up on the farm were the times when we were milking cows and shipping milk to the Dairy Producers,” said Laurie. “We operated the dairy for over 20 years and for personal reasons I got out of it. “We decided to get into the beef industry by purchasing 120 Red Angus cattle. We farmed beef for 10 years and then the BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy) crisis hit. That hit us hard and w e m a d e t h e d i ff i c u l t decision to get out of the beef.” In 2011, Laurie and his son decided to continue by growing the grain side of the farm. “What had started as 240 acres of hobby farm for my grandfather had now been turned into a successful farming business,” he said. The father-son duo farm 2,800 acres of cereal crops and have expanded into lentils, soybeans and peas. Continued on Page B17

Laurie Meberg, left, and his son Brett are three and four-generation farmers on the original homestead of Ben Meberg.

Soybeans is one of several crops being grown at the Meberg farm, where Kaleigh Meberg, 3, stood in the soybean crop that was almost as tall as she was.



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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page B17

Family of four generations continues farming tradition Continued from Page B16 “This was the first year we decided to grow lentils,” Laurie said. “We seeded 70 acres of lentils that when combined came off at 27 bushels per acre and the

60 acres of soybeans were combined with 45 bushels per acre. The land is the key to successfully growing these speciality crops. “We have also seeded

Lentils proved to be a successful crop for Laurie Meberg.

Laurie Meberg of Preeceville displayed a shovel full of lentils that he grew on his farm during the 2016 season.

canola, barley and oats this past year with moderate success,” he said. Meberg attributes the success of the lentils and soybeans to his research prior to seeding and to knowing his land. The farm has undergone some changes with the expansion of the old barn into a machine shed. “The barn was raised approximately 10 feet to allow us to fit our larger equipment into it easier,” he said.

“I am really proud of the fact that we have found a way to utilize the two old silos for grain storage,” he said, adding that an air radiation system allows them to store damp grain. The silos have the capacity to hold 33,000 bushels of wheat or 52,000 bushels of oats or 34,000 bushels of barley. “We are fortunate to have some of the best land in the area that is all connected,” he said. “The future looks

bright for us with future plans to expand into more lentils and soybeans.” Canada is now the world’s largest exporter of lentils to the global marketplace, selling to over 100 countries each year, Meberg said, referring to information on an Internet website. The most commonly-grown lentils are the large green Laird and the red lentil. Lentil flakes are similar in appearance to oats and can be used in nutrition

bars or breakfast cereals with the added benefit of twice the amount of protein than other cereal grains, the information said. Pureed lentils make a great addition to muffin and loaf recipes, contributing to moistness as well as adding fibre and protein to the food. Ninety-nine per cent of Canada’s lentils are grown in Saskatchewan, with the remainder coming from southern Alberta and Manitoba. More photos on Page B18

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Page B18

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Family of four generations continues farming tradition

Laurie Meberg oversees the operations at the farm.

Environment introduces cougar control measures for producers Sourced from the Ministry of Environment The Ministry of Environment introduced additional cougar control measures in 2016 to address public safety and livestock predation concerns. The new initiatives complement control measures already in place to reduce cougar conflicts and improve public safety. Ministry conservation officers and Saskatchewan Crop Insurance Corporation (SCIC) staff remain the first point of contact for all predator-related complaints. Conservation officers will continue to investigate all incidents where public safety is at risk and may now respond in one or more of the following ways: contact a local predator control specialist to trap and dispatch the cougar; acquire the services of

trained houndsmen to help deal with known cougar encounters; ensure that specialized equipment, including functional live traps, is available in problem areas; and allow landowners to retain animals killed when protecting property, under a permit. In addition, the ministry may issue permits to rural municipalities to bring in an approved specialist to deal with specific human-wildlife conflicts. Cougars are a protected animal and are a natural part of the Saskatchewan landscape. Cougar sightings have become more common in the Cypress Hills region and along the entire length of the forest fringe from Meadow Lake to Hudson Bay. Persons who are having problems with cougars or other predators may contact their local Ministry of Environment office.

Kaleigh Meberg, smiling with a face spotted with outside dirt, was photographed sitting on top of a piece of machinery.

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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page B19

National Farmers Union defends insecticide Submitted by the Pest Management Regulatory Agency (The Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) is holding a consultation on its proposed regulatory decision to phase out the neonicotinoid insecticide imidacloprid over three to five years. The PMRA’s complete consultation document provides extensive scientific evidence to support the proposed decision. The following is the National Farmers Union’s submission to the PMRA consultation process.) The National Farmers Union (NFU) is Canada’s largest voluntary direct membership farm organization representing family farmers from across the country in all sectors of agriculture. We believe that family farms should be the primary food producers in Canada. We work to promote a food system that is built on a foundation of financially viable family farms that produce high quality, healthy, safe food; encourage environmentally-sensitive practices that will protect our precious soil, water, biodiversity and other natural resources; and promote social and economic justice for food producers and all citizens. Imidacloprid is a neonicotinoid insecticide currently registered as a seed treatment, foliar spray and a granular formulation to kill a variety of insect pests. It is most commonly used on field and greenhouse vegetables, fruit, horticultural, sweet corn and potato crops, as a seed treatment on potato seed pieces and in sod production and turf maintenance. While it is registered for use as a seed treatment for field corn, soybeans, pulse and cereal crops, the seed of these crops is more commonly treated with other neonicotinoids. Imidacloprid is sold as agricultural formulations under the brand names Admire, Gaucho, Merit, Genesis, Intercept, Alias, Grapple, QualiPro Imidacloprid, Stress Shield, Concept, Sombrero, Sepresto, and Acceleron. Bayer Cropscience registers most; and Adama and FMC CORPORATION own a few. Imidacloprid is highly water soluble, which is a quality that allows it to be easily absorbed by plant roots then distributed throughout the plant’s tissues via its vascular system. This same quality makes it very problematic in the environment: only the plant absorbs a small portion of applied imidacloprid while the rest stays in the

soil where water dissolves and moves it through normal drainage and leaching. Since it does not break down quickly or easily, imidacloprid remains toxic to insects, birds and other life forms such as arthropods as it moves through the environment and kills, weakens or impairs non-target organisms. Imidacloprid moves with water in the soil and only a small amount of the chemical is absorbed into target plants. This makes it impossible for the grower to avoid applying more than is needed for pest management. The grower cannot control the movement of the chemical following application. PRMA must phase out imidacloprid for agriculture use rather than attempt to regulate its use by amount, timing, location and crop. The evidence from scientific studies referenced by the PRMA in its consultation document show both high concentrations and a high incidence of imidacloprid in water samples (in some cases 100 per cent) from areas where there is a lot of row crop and greenhouse vegetable and fruit production and/or potato and sweet corn field crop production. The concentration of imidacloprid in water samples is highest in areas with most intensive production. While the public has become quite concerned about neonicotinoid impacts on bees and pollinators, the proposed regulatory change focuses on the effects of imidacloprid on birds, aquatic insects, and the birds that depend on aquatic insects for their food supply. The kind of insects most vulnerable to imidacloprid toxicity are the midges, mayflies and larvae of flying insects that are near the bottom of the ecological food chain – the base of the food pyramid which supports the diversity of life. The PRMA also cites evidence that predatory insects such as wasp species that consume agricultural insect pests like aphids that attack soybeans, are also killed by imidacloprid. Both birds and predatory insects provide ecosystem services by consuming insect pests when they are abundant, among other things. The continued use of imidacloprid threatens the biodiversity of Canada’s countryside, weakening this natural biological control system. The NFU calls for the precautionary principle to be applied in the regulation of farm chemicals to protect

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biodiversity, the long-term productivity of the soil, and the safety and purity of surface and ground water. The Pest Control Products Act, Section 20, empowers the Minister to amend or rescind the registration of a pesticide based on the precautionary principle. The Act’s definition of the precautionary principle is: “Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-effective measures to prevent adverse health impact or environmental degradation.” The NFU also promotes using Food Sovereignty - the right of peoples to healthy and culturally appropriate food produced through ecologically sound and sustainable methods, and their right to define their own food and agriculture systems - as the framework for Canada’s agriculture and food policies. One of the seven pillars of Food Sovereignty is to work with nature by optimizing the contributions of ecosystems and as a way to improve the resilience of our food system. The proposed regulatory decision would phase out over three to five years, all outdoor agricultural, ornamental, turf, and tree uses (except tree injection uses) and greenhouse uses of imidacloprid insecticide and would restrict its use to very limited applications such as flea treatment for pets and injection of trees for control of emerald-ash borer. The decision would also implement additional precautionary measures to protect human and ecosystem health during the phase-out period. We believe this proposed decision is a positive step and we fully support it. We also urge the PMRA to implement effective monitoring and enforcement to ensure compliance with the new label restrictions during the phase-out period. We urge Health Canada to work with Environment Canada and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada to promote alternative, less toxic insecticides and non-chemical agriculture techniques for the management of insect pests in general, with a focus on the crops currently using imidacloprid. We strongly encourage federal and provincial governments to assist farmers in adopting such products and methods in order to reduce the quantity of toxic agricultural chemicals being applied to our farmland.

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Page B20

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Saskatchewan producer says intercropping makes sense because there are no monocultures in nature By Robin Booker Saskatoon newsroom, Western Producer Colin Rosengren has experimented with intercropping at his Midale farm since 2004, when Rosengren Farms began growing multiple cash crops together to boost overall productivity. He said he’s often been asked why he would want to complicate his operation with intercropping, and in reply sometimes he turns the question around and asks growers why they want to grow only one crop at a time. He said growers didn’t move to monocropping “because it was better for soil, it wasn’t because it was more productive. It wasn’t any of those things if you look back in history. It was mainly mechanization that pushed people towards the simple systems.” During his presentation at the Saskatchewan Soil Conservation Association meeting during Crop Week held in Saskatoon, he said large-scale mechanization in agriculture has allowed growers to efficiently grow and harvest

crops on a large scale, but farmers should still look to nature for agronomic guidance. For instance, nature doesn’t have tillage so when Rosengren changed the operation to a zero tillage system, there were agronomic and financial benefits. Similarly, there are no monocultures in nature. “So moving into intercropping, growing multiple plants, multiple different crops on the same land just made sense to us.” A major hurdle for growers interested in intercropping is the logistics during seeding, but it is possible to piece together a relatively low-cost seeding rig into a one passintercropping unit. When Rosengren first started intercropping, he retrofitted two FlexiCoil1720 tanks and a 5000 drill into a one-pass system that could handle the extra product runs for intercropping. “With these machines we were intercropping, peas and mustard, peas and canola. Even doing two rows of flax, two rows of chickpeas, and in the next rows putting nitrogen

with the flax, phosphorus with the chickpeas. Even treating the chickpeas on the go with a little seed treater,” Rosengren said. He found harvesting the intercropped fields no more difficult than harvesting a single crop. “In many cases, it actually made harvest a little easier. It makes lentils stand up better, stand taller, we can cut at higher speeds. Peas and canola we can straight cut them. We straight cut over half the time now, even using old, open-pollinated canola varieties,” he said. Once the harvest is in, it’s best to clean the grain before it’s put into longerterm storage. Rosengren Farms started with a simple drum cleaner, which it later upgraded to an overhead system that can clean grain as fast as two combines can take it off the field. Rosengren said the economics of intercropping prompted him to increase his use of it and the soil benefits came as an extra bonus. An intercrop that has worked out well for Rosengren is a canola,

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pea, and red lentil mixture. He showed an economic comparison of returns from growing these three crops by themselves with the net returns of $49.96 per acre for canola (40 bushels per acre yield at $10 per bushel), $163.31 per acre for red lentils (23 bu. per acre yield at $19.20 per bushel), and $123.96 for maple peas (40 bu. per acre at $10 per bushel). The average return for these individually grown canola, pea, and red lentil crops is $113 per acre. Last year Rosengren’s pea, canola, red lentil crop had a gross return of $514.40, and a net return of $249.06 per acre, $136.06 per acre better than the average return of the crops grown individually. “ We g r e w a l l t h r e e together; we netted about $250 per acre instead of $113. Our costs were lower and our production was a fair bit higher,” he said. One of the savings was on seed. “We haven’t bought canola seed for years. We use the open-pollinated varieties. We don’t find any extra yield when

we’re doing it in an intercrop. Any canola yield we give up is just made up by more growth of peas or more growth of lentils,” he said. Rosengren has moved away from his original seeding rig and now uses the CleanSeed’s CX-6 Smart Seeder that he helped develop. It has capacity for up to six products with three possible in-row placement in one pass. The seeder’s variable rate capability has allowed Rosengren to mimic another natural tendency of how plants grow, which is in different densities across the landscape. During his presentation, Rosengren displayed a picture that showed how different species of plants dominated the top and sides of hills, while other plants were dominant in lower areas. “If you change the soil, the water, or the topography, the kinds of plants change and produce differently,” he said. With variable rate intercropping, Rosengren is able to better match his field’s topography with a specific plant mixture.

“On our farm nowadays with the canola-pealentil, we’re biasing the pea and lentil population into areas where they produce better. The lentils are growing better on the hill tops; the peas are growing better in the low spots,” he said. Yields increasing Intercropping without variable rate has consistently yielded 25 to 30 per cent more on Rosengren’s farm than monocropping, but he is seeing an even bigger yield spread since he started using variable seeding rates in the intercrop. “Doing variable rate intercrop where we are strategically putting things in other places, we are seeing close to 50 per cent extra yield.” He said the grain is constantly changing how it looks when he is combining, depending on what part of the field he is on, with more canola in the sample, or peas or lentils. He said harvest is simple and it’s easy to set the combine. As well, once the grain is separated in the yard his canola sample is very clean. Continued on Page B21





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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page B21

Rare back-to-back El Nino systems expected to bring warmer than normal summer to Prairies By Barbara Duckworth Calgary bureau, Western Producer El Nino is back, and if global weather forecasts are right, crops and grazing conditions should be in good shape this year. After a cold, wet fall that ruined the western Canadian harvest, this growing season will be warmer and drier, said climatologist Art Douglas, a professor emeritus at Creighton University in Nebraska. Warm water on the equator is spreading west from South America, which indicates a moderate El Nino on the heels of one of the most powerful in 100 years, he told the Alberta Beef Industry Conference, held in February in Red Deer, Alta.

“It is very unusual to have an El Nino from 2014-16 and all of a sudden we have a brand new El Nino in 2017,” he said. “You would probably have to go back 150 years to see two El Nino events this close to each other.” About 180 per cent of normal precipitation hit Western Canada while in the clutches of La Nina. The weather phenomenon also broke the drought in California. Satellite observations of the crop growing regions around the world show the promise of good crops and grazing conditions. South America, India and China can expect good crops in 2017 because of timely rain.

However, Australia suffers under El Nino, and drought is the result. Wheat crops suffer under these conditions, and pastures turn dry. Eastern Europe in the Black Sea region appears to be heading for a drier and warmer than normal summer. Dry pockets are showing up in the United States from Texas to Virginia, but the winter wheat areas have had normal precipitation. Canada is developing dryness in the northern Rockies that spreads into the northern U.S. Plains. Douglas predicts that spring temperatures will be above normal from British Columbia to Manitoba, but a cold April is expected with average temperatures two degrees

Celsius below normal. May will be warm. “With that coolness in April in contrast to last year when it was warm, it looks like things are probably going to be delayed in terms of planting here in Canada,” he said. He is forecasting a drier, warmer summer by about 0.5 to one degree Celsius more, which is not a bad thing, considering the excessive amount of moisture last fall. Eastern Manitoba to Ontario should expect near normal temperatures and precipitation. “With a moderate to major El Nino developing, we really have to be cautious in Canada for a dry fall and upcoming dry winter again,” he said.

Saskatchewan producer says intercropping makes sense because there are no monocultures in nature Continued from Page B20 “Our canola sample is a lot cleaner than it was when we were doing monoculture, not that it matters if you have some chaff or straw in there. But it’s not hard to set the combine to handle these crops.” Growing the three different crop species at the same time creates a canopy that efficiently uses light, which prevents weeds from germinating. “We do still have herbicide application and that type of thing, but it’s greatly reduced. As well,

our disease problems are greatly reduced because the species change as we grow. So we’ve been able to pretty much eliminate fungicide use.” Rosengren Farms is now starting to use cattle in conjunction with intercropping to become more efficient. “As we learn more on the soil health front, we are trying to extend growing seasons and incorporate more crops that are growing for longer periods of time, and incorporating some livestock,” he said. Another intercrop he has

been experimenting with is a corn-soybean mixture, in a system where he harvests some, and leaves the rest for cattle to graze. “In June, when the corn was about 10 inches high, we went in and we broadcast turnips, vetch, rye and clover.” He was disappointed with how the covers were taking hold in the middle of August and thought he may have wasted money on the seed and broadcasting. He couldn’t see anything germinating underneath the soybeans, and he thought

the covers didn’t receive enough light and were choked out. “Once the soybeans started dropping their leaves at the end of August, all these other crops began to take off. We had a pretty long fall, had some moisture and the turnips got pretty big and all the other crops were growing there nicely,” Rosengren said. The covers provided high quality forage for his cattle in the fall and early winter. Once the snow became too high and the covers were inaccessible, the

uncombined sections were still in the field with corn and soybeans for cattle to graze. “They are probably not getting down into the covers now, but it’s reassuring to hear today that there is probably value in having those covers there anyway, even if we are not getting grazing value out of them right now,” he said. Combining the soybean and corn intercrop over top of the covers can be done without specialty equipment. “The soybeans act like a

broom and all the corn cobs that fall off just fall with the soybeans and they come in on the draper header, so we’re not losing any cobs,” he said. Rosengren said intercropping isn’t more common on the Prairies because it requires a change in farming practice. As well, no companies are selling products that magically turn growers into intercroppers. “There is nobody promoting it because there is really just decreased costs and increased returns from it.”

Page B22

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Manitoba farmer experiments with soil fertility techniques By Robin Booker Saskatoon newsroom, Western Producer When Ryan Boyd returned from university to the family farm in Forrest, Man., he wanted to incorporate holistic management techniques into farm’s modus operandi. Holistic management is a decision-making framework that includes economic and environmental considerations in the farm play. It includes improving soil health as a central focus, while reducing the external inputs necessary to achieve yields. “We try to keep the soil covered, living roots year round. We can do that. We often don’t think we can, but it’s just getting your mind wrapped around what are the possibilities,” Boyd said. Soil fertility improvements at his family’s farm are driven by carefully maintaining healthy soil organic carbon levels, growing a diversity of plants and high density grazing. “If we can increase organic matter, then why not? There’s huge potential for the nutrients and all the other spinoffs that I would refer to as healthy soils,” Boyd said

during his presentation at the Saskatchewan Soil Conservation Association conference during Crop Week in Saskatoon. Boyd farms about 2,000 acres of crops with his wife, Sarah, and his mother and father. Their cattle numbers fluctuate in the low hundreds, depending on market conditions. When Boyd returned to the farm in the early 2000s, crop prices were depressed, and Boyd wanted to see first-hand how cropland soils could be improved by growing forages. He sowed a few fields to perennial forages and grazed his cattle on them, but had problems with foot rot and pinkeye with those cattle, so he began tissue testing the forages. The copper-to-molybdenum ratio was out of whack, and the forages were deficient in zinc and many micronutrients, he said. “But after two to four years of just good grazing management, you could go to the same spot in the field with the GPS where I’ve been taking these samples every year, and the quality of that forage, the mineral balance in that forage, it came into where

you would want it on a feed test. It just seemed to balance itself,” Boyd said. As the tissue tests began showing better results, the foot rot and pinkeye incidents dropped off and are no longer a problem, aside from isolated incidents. After seeing how a forage crop helped improve his soil, Boyd wanted to find more crops and techniques. “I believe there are lots of good things that come from that higher density grazing. We keep the cattle out on the land all year. We graze perennial pasture right into December or until the snow gets too deep,” Boyd said. High density grazing, also known as mob grazing, uses many animals in a small area for a short time and can quickly improve soil quality when properly executed. Boyd was convinced after only one year of mob grazing that he could significantly improve his soil through his land management choices. “I remember like it was yesterday. I took the spade out and it was like digging in the backyard when you were a kid looking at the black crumbly soil under the sod,” he said. “It was

like something I’ve never seen out in the field. It just smelled good, crumbly texture.” He decided he wanted soil with those characteristics on his entire farm, and has been working toward that goal ever since. Plenty of plants Increasing the plant diversity on the farm is a key technique for improving soil. Boyd also said having cattle helps him significantly. “We wouldn’t be experimenting the way we do if we didn’t have the cattle as an out. When we go to grow an intercrop like that winter wheat, vetch and peas, in the back of my mind, we have the cows right there that we can turn out, or cut and bale it or silage it.” He said it would take many years of mono cropping to incorporate the level of plant diversity on his farm that he thinks is necessary to have healthy soils. “If I grew a different crop every year and had six different crop types in my rotation, it would take six years. But if I can grow a diverse mixture and then graze it, I can have 10 or 15 different species in an annual crop for grazing. And if I go

out and mob graze that, I think I can eliminate the need for a long diverse cash crop rotation.” Diverse forage mixtures help bolster his soil that the cash crops take advantage of, but the forages themselves are also profitable. Boyd said growing diverse annual forage mixtures provides high quality feed in the late fall and early winter when pasture feed quality is poor, and he can do it a lot cheaper then feeding high quality hay. He also uses cover crops to keep something living on the fields as long as possible. “Winter cereals have a good fit as a cover crop. They add some organic matter and feed some carbon into the soil that feeds the soil biology. They have a good fit for the fall time and also in the spring, especially when we are trying to deal with excess moisture,” Boyd said. Last spring he turned his cattle out onto a 120acre field of a fall rye stand for a couple weeks to graze it and then directseeded the field. “It’s bad enough when I put my cows out in the spring in my crops. The

neighbours really question what I’m doing, i f I’m grazing my grain crop. “Then I went out and seeded into it. And I didn’t just seed anything. I seeded soybeans, which all the neighbours say you can’t plant soybeans on stubble — it’s gotta be black, warm. They certainly wouldn’t be doing this,” he said. Once the soybeans emerged he sprayed off the rye and the soybean crop took off and became competitive with any bean crop in the area, he said. Relay cropping, where two or more crops are growing on the same field with the planting of the second crop after the first is already well established, is also part of Boyd’s management plan. “We have some winter wheat in the ground at 15inch spacing. Next spring, the plan is to go out and seed a mixture of forage I’ll graze in the fall. When the winter wheat is about to start canopying in, I’ll go out and try to seed with RTK (real time kinetic) in-between those rows to get an annual forage established underneath I can graze in the fall time.” Continued on Page B23




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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page B23

Manitoba farmer experiments with soil fertility techniques Continued from Page B22 The idea is to establish the forages under a wheat crop while not overly restricting the wheat, instead of taking a field out of production for a full year to grow annual forages. Boyd has had success with a mix of corn, soybeans and hairy vetch.

“The protein is limiting on that corn so we threw in 20 pounds of soybeans in the mix, just planted it all with the air seeder. The soybeans grew good and tall in the mix; they stood up. The cows picked the pods and ate the soybeans. It seemed to help balance their diet.”

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Boyd is not afraid to experiment with different growing techniques. For instance, he adds a small amount of canola when he plants peas to reduce disease pressure in the peas and it makes the peas easier to harvest because they climb up the canola. “We’re managing it as a pea crop. I say it’s a pea crop with canola for moral support. “It’s not a big cost extra. It’s an old open-pollinated Clearfield variety, so it’s really cheap seed, and it actually saves us on fungicides. If we were to grow peas on their own, I’d probably consider treating the seed and spraying a foliar fungicide. We don’t do either and we seem to get away with it,” Boyd said. He said he doesn’t clean the canola out because there is often only around five to seven per cent dockage on the peas at the elevator. Minimal soil disturbance is crucial in building soil, Boyd said, which is why he uses a disk drill. He believes shanks disturb the soil much more than disks do. He said his disc drills work best when the soil is firm and when living roots help reduce excess moisture. “If we can have living roots there and improve the structure of the soil, that disc drill works at its best if there is something growing there, something green holding the soil together.” Instead of using harrows to manage crop residue, Boyd said there is an opportunity to use cover


crops to help break down the residue. If growers use the $10 or $15 per acre they spend on harrowing to instead broadcast winter cereal or other cover crops, he said the same goal could

be achieved, plus growers will get the extra benefits cover crops provide. “If the residue is spread evenly out the back of the combine and breakdown is the issue, I’m sure we can accomplish that with

plants. If you have a lush green plant growing, it’s going to help break down that residue the same way that stirring up the soil to add the straw back into the dirt is going to do,” Boyd said.

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Page B24

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Canadaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Agriculture Day was a time to celebrate By Matthew Braun Saskatchewanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Conservation Science Manager with the Nature Conservancy of Canada O n C a n a d a â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s A g r i c u l t u r e D a y (February 16), I talked about environmentally sustainable agriculture. I grew up on a small grain farm just north of Saskatoon, then went to school for a really long time to learn about soils, plants, microbes and how to manage all

of them. I got a job in British Columbia working for the Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations, and after all those trials and tribulations, got a job back in Saskatchewan for the Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC). The Nature Conservancy of Canada manages projects in a working landscape. This means that we conserve biodiversity while at the same time providing opportunity for farmers and ranchers to make a living, and produce high quality food distributed around the world.

These three things can co-exist, but it takes planning and buy-in. While NCC focuses on the environment, we canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t ignore the economics of what we do nor the community in which we operate, just like farmers incorporate these into the decisions they make. We are farmers too. We are farming biodiversity and we do it by balancing the needs of society, the economy and environment in a working landscape. There are many ways to farm biodiversity, and many farmers are working to do this. Wetlands retained on farmland provide habitat for waterfowl, help prevent flooding and can provide food for livestock. Carefully managed grazing provides sustainable and tasty protein, maintains

grasslands for the Curlew and contributes to Canadaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s developing narrative of hard work and connection to the land. There are over 200 bees native to Saskatchewan and many of them pollinate crops for the provinceâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s farmers. These bees rely on us maintaining a healthy chunk of native prairie. These efforts need to be part of the conversation on Canadaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Agriculture Day. Every day, farmers and ranchers around the world make decisions that balance the needs of society, environment and economy. Those are the decisions that keep us fed. Depending on who youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re talking to, the decisions are weighed more towards one of the three camps than the other, but everyone includes all three.

Using a front-end loader


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Adult responsibilities ADULTS NEED TO MAKE SURE:

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Can your child do this job? ABILITY Can the child drive a tractor? (See â&#x20AC;&#x153;Driving a Farm Tractorâ&#x20AC;?)

Yes. No.


STOP! Children must be able to drive a tractor to do this job safely.

Does the child have good peripheral vision? For example, while looking straight ahead, can the child see your finger entering his or her field of vision at shoulder level?

Yes. No.


STOP! Children with limited vision may not see people or obstacles in the work area.


Can the child understand and repeat from memory a 10-step process?

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Main Hazards

Yes. No.


STOP! Children who canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t remember the steps to a job are more likely to be injured.

Can the child recognize a hazard and solve the problem without getting upset?

Yes. No.


Tractor runover can cause death or disability

STOP! Children must be able to recognize hazards, think about how to respond, and stay calm prevent injury.

Has an adult demonstrated using a tractor-mounted front end loader on site?

Yes. No. ST O P STOP! Children learn best when shown how to do the job at the work site. Has the child shown he or she can do the job safely 4 to 5 times under close supervision?

Yes. No.

Can the child react quickly?

Yes. No.

Tractor rollover can cause death or disability




Yes. No.


STOP! Children who act on impulse are more likely to be injured.

STOP! Irresponsible behavior can lead to injury.

Does the child do things that seem dangerous for the thrill of it?


Yes. No.

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Hearing protection CAUTION! An adult must watch constantly until the child shows he or she can do the job.

Can an adult supervise as recommended?

Is your child responsible? Do you trust your child to do whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s expected without anyone checking?

Collision with fences and trees can cause injury



STOP! Children need quick reactions to avoid injury.

Does the child usually go with his or her â&#x20AC;&#x153;gutâ&#x20AC;? feeling without thinking too much about what could happen next?



STOP! Children who take risks or behave dangerously are more likely to be injured.

Yes. No.

Non-skid shoes ST O P

STOP! The right level of supervision is key to preventing injuries.

Supervision Whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s the right amount? Here are suggestionsâ&#x20AC;&#x201C; but remember, it depends on the child. Age 14-15: WATCH constantly at first. When the child shows he or she can do the job, CHECK every few minutes .

Age 16+: A child must be 16 or older to drive on a public road. CHECK every few minutes.


This North American Guideline for Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Agricultural Tasks has been reproduced with permission from National Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety. For more information visit http://cultivatesafety.org/work-guidelines.

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Week of March 19, 2017

Agricultural Edition

Page B25

Grain World announces conference partners Grain World has announced Ag Growth International as the driving partner of the revamped Grain World Conference. They are joined by G3 Canada Limited, SGS Canada, Real Agriculture and CN Rail. “We are very excited to see such strong support and engagement from the industry,” said a release from Grain World. “This kind of support allows key players to come together and build the kind of relationships that can shape the future of the grain industry,” said Breanne Kielich, marketing manager for FarmLink and Farm at Hand.

“The industry needs a forum for a healthy exchange of information between those who are interested in the markets and movement of grain as things continue to change and evolve.” On January 9, FarmLink and Farm at Hand announced the return of Grain World for 2017, the release said. The revamped conference will be held at the RBC Convention Centre in Winnipeg November 14 and 15, 2017, bringing together global and local experts from the grain industry. The two-day conference will feature keynote

addresses from Andrew Coyne, and Michael Landsberg along with a host of industry experts covering topics such as What will the Canadian Grain Industry Look Like in 10 Years. Other topics will include outlook panels on cereals, oilseeds and pulses featuring key industry players from the United States, South America, Italy, Asia and Canada. Registration to the conference is open. Sponsorship opportunities are available at https://grainworldconference.ca/sponsorship/.

Approval given for largest agricultural drainage project T h e Wa t e r S e c u r i t y Agency has issued the largest single agricultural drainage approval in the province’s history. A single approval was issued to 73 landowners for more than 18,000 acres of an organized and responsibly managed drainage network. The Dry Lake Project is located within the Gooseberry Lake Watershed in the southeastern part of the province, located north of Fillmore and Creelman. While largescale organized drainage projects have been built before, this project is unique as it includes all existing drainage works and some future drainage works. “This is a significant project in our province, nowhere else has a project of this magnitude ever been accomplished,” said Scott Moe, minister responsible for the Water Security

Agency. “This single project is equal to roughly one year of drainage approvals issued in southeast Saskatchewan, which is remarkable progress.” “Having a more efficient Agricultural Water Management Strategy in place creates major benefits for Saskatchewan farmers and the environment,” Agriculture Minister Lyle Stewart said. “Organized drainage can work for all landowners if they work together and this just proves it.” The Dry Lake Project saw WSA take a number of new approaches to issue this historic approval. A joint application was utilized for land control replacing the previous requirement for legal easements on 113 quarter sections or hundreds of neighbour-to-neighbour land control agreements.

“It’s great to see a group of hardworking farmers team-up with Water Security Agency to find a responsible solution to water management,” said Reeve Ken Weichel of the RM of Montmarte. Landowners in the project now have land control and security for their drainage works. By including 30 gated structures, controlled release of flows will throttle spring runoff to the equivalent of a one in two year flow rate. Flow controls for existing drainage will ensure that downstream landowners and communities will not experience increased flooding. This project also restored 34 acres of wetlands on existing drainage and 21 acres of wetland retention on new drainage. The Approval to Construct, Approval to Operate and Aquatic

Habitat Protection Permits were all issued from one application and at one time and with one set of conditions. The Upper Souris Watershed Association

acted as the Qualified Person to assist producers with the application process, significantly reducing paperwork for landowners. T h e Wa t e r S e c u r i t y

Agency is currently working with hundreds of other landowners on an additional 12 organized drainage projects making up more than 160,000 acres.



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Page B26

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017 DL# 319916

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Week of March 19, 2017


Agricultural Edition


Page B27



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Page B28

Agricultural Edition

Week of March 19, 2017

Latest Canadian agriculture-related fatality data available According to the latest Canadian Agricultural Injury Reporting (CAIR) information, agriculturerelated fatalities are declining. CAIR is the only source of national agriculture-related fatality data in Canada. From 1990 to 2001, an average of 116 people died due to an agriculturerelated incident, said information from the Canadian Agricultural Safety Association (CASA). From 2002 to

2012, the average number of agriculture-related fatalities declined to 85 per year. Also encouraging is the fatality rates of all age groups saw decreases in this period, the information said. “The decrease in the fatality rates is encouraging,” said Marcel Hacault, the executive director of the (CASA). “It means that we are moving in the right direction.” Between 2003 to 2012,


farm machinery continued to be involved in most agriculture-related fatalities with run overs (18 per cent), rollovers (18 per cent) and being pinned or struck by a machine component (nine per cent) accounting for the top three ways people were fatality injured. Fatality rates due to rollovers and from being pinned/struck by a machinery component also declined, it said. Rollover fatality rates decreased an



average of 3.6 per cent annually and fatality rates from being pinned/struck by a machinery component decreased an average of 7.8 per cent annually. Persons wishing to read the complete report entitled Canadian Agricultural Injury Reporting: Agriculture-Related Fatalities in Canada, may visit casa-acsa.ca and click on “Injuries.” Canadian Agricultural Injury Reporting (CAIR) was established in 1995

(formerly the Canadian Agricultural Injury Surveillance Program) and provides the only source of national agriculture-related fatality data in Canada. The main purpose of CAIR is to collect and analyze information on agriculture-related injuries from across Canada. The CAIR report is the result of a collaboration involving various Canadian organizations. It is coordinated from a national office at the Injury

Prevention Centre at the University of Alberta. The Canadian Agricultural Safety Association is a national, non-profit organization dedicated to improving the health and safety of farmers, their families and agricultural workers. CASA is funded in part by Growing Forward 2, a federal, provincial and territorial initiative and receives additional support from the agricultural and corporate sectors.

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Lemken Rubin 9 - 26’ Disc, $Call





Lemken Heliodor - 40’ Disc, $Call

The only true ‘one-pass’ tillage tool – Ideal for minimum-till and vertical tillage farming operations in Western Canada. German-engineered and designed by LEMKEN, the leader in quality tillage equipment for large-scale farms in more than 50 countries worldwide.


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Lemken Heliodor - 20’ Disc, $Call




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2014 Morris Contour - 61’ Air Drill, 10” Spacing, Double Shoot, w/9650 Tow Between $Call



2008 Morris Contour - 61’ w/8370 TBH Air Drill, $Call NEW


Morris Contour - 47’ Air Drill, w/8370, Tow Behind Air Cart $CALL


2012 Morris Contour II w/8650 Tow Behind Air Drill, $199,500


2016 Morris Contour II - 71’ Air Drill, Double Shoot, Paired Row Boots $Call O DEM


Lemken Heliodor 40’ Disc, $112,000

2014 Morris Contour II - 71’ w/9650 Tow Between Air Drill, DEMO $318,000



Morris 9650 Tow Between Air Cart, Standard Drive, Ext Auger, Double Shoot $Call NEW


Morris Field Pro - 50’ Harrow, Heavy Harrow $32,000



Morris Contour 2 - 61’ Air Drill, $Call NEW


Morris Contour II -80’ w/9800 Air Cart, Sectional Control $Call

Profile for Canora Courier

2017 Spring Ag Edition  

A supplement to The Canora Courier, Preeceville Progress and Kamsack Times

2017 Spring Ag Edition  

A supplement to The Canora Courier, Preeceville Progress and Kamsack Times


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