Page 1

Country Service in Kamsack attributes continued success to diversification Page 7

Former Canora resident creates successful aerial career Page 16

Fourth generation farmer aims to grow and maintain family business Page 23

Look beyond the farm gate at harvest

2017

A supplement to The Canora Courier, Preeceville Progress and Kamsack Times Week of September 10, 2017

Frazer Will, who operates Western Alfalfa Milling Company with his father Doug and brother Spencer, provided a tour of the company’s site near Norquay recently. Read the story on pages 2-5.

Page 26

Come Experience the Full-Service Advantage! Norquay 594.2330 Kamsack 542.3555 Sturgis 548.4706 Yorkton 620.8010 Canora 562.9999


Page 2

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

Norquay-based alfalfa processing plant prepares for major enhancement By William Koreluik In October most of the work on major enh a n c e m e n t s a t We s t e r n Alfalfa Milling Company (WAMCO) near Norquay will have been completed and producers will have a new, nearby terminal from which to ship their grains, oilseeds and pulses. In addition to processing alfalfa, both as animal feed and as Alfalfa Green, an organic soil “amendment,” WA M C O w i l l b e d o i n g grain fobbing, Frazer Will, the company’s marketing and business development manager, said recently during a tour of the facility. Fobbing is from the acronym FOB, meaning Freight on Board, Will said, explaining that WAMCO has contracted with Andersons Grain and with G3, the grain buying and selling company that had purchased the assets of the Canadian Wheat Board, so that it will be able to temporarily store, then load and ship by rail farmers’ grain. The farmer calls the grain company, either Andersons or G3, and arrives at a deal for the sale of his grain, and then the company contacts WAMCO which arranges to

Western Alfalfa Milling Company has made significant investments in its Norquay site in order to become a fobbing site, loading and shipping grain for the area’s producers as well as improve efficiencies within its alfalfa processing operations. receive the grain and ships it to the buyer, Will explained. “We’re a loading facility and the advantage is that the farmer has another place to sell his grain.”

This development reduces logistics issues for people in the area, basically from north of Highway No. 49 to the Porcupine Forest and farmers located closer

Headwaters of the Assiniboine

to WAMCO than other elevators, he said. In order to accommodate the new aspects to the business, the company has already installed two

“legs,” which are 120-foot towers to allow grain to be easily moved at a rate of 10 to 12,000 bushels an hour from the bins capable of storing 17,000 tonnes to

the 25-car capacity railway spur. Large bins, conveyers and high-speed loading equipment have been added at the plant’s site. Continued on Page 3

We salute...

Our farmers who are essential for the continued prosperity of the economies of Kamsack and Saskatchewan. Your commitment and contributions are much appreciated by us all!

Wishing you a safe harvest. 239 Highway Avenue East PO Box 560 Preeceville, SK S0A 3B0 Tel: (306) 547-2810 Fax: (306) 547-3116

www.townofpreeceville.ca

We wish to take this opportunity to recognize the vital role that agriculture plays in our economy.

Town of


Week of September 10, 2017

western alfalfa milling co. Continued from Page 2 “We are also prepared to do custom drying,” Frazer said. The Norquay alfalfa plant was constructed in 1992. Western Alfalfa Milling started in 2000 w i t h D o u g Wi l l a t t h e helm. After acquiring the former Stenen School building, he and his late wife Brenda decorated and designed the building

into Rawhides, opening it in July 2012. Frazer moved to the area in 2013 as a part owner and general manager of the restaurant, while his brother Spencer had moved to the Norquay area in 2004 to take over the farming operation. Frazer, who had won gold medals in judo at the 2006 and 2007 Pan American Judo

Harvest Edition

Page 3

Championships, the 2007 Chinese Open and four national championships in lightweight (60kg) division, finished in seventh place in his division at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. Looking every bit as fit as he must have been when competing as an Olympics athlete in Beijing, Frazer, in an upbeat positive d e m e a n o u r, a g r e e d t o conduct a tour of the grounds on a hot afternoon in late August while his father and brother were busy with pre-harvest operations. Continued on Page 4

This large dryer will allow Western Alfalfa Milling Company to do custom drying for district farmers.

Saluting Saskatchewan Agriculture Agriculture is vital to the economy of our province. The hard work, resilience and innovation of Saskatchewan producers is helping ensure the continued growth and development of this important industry. I would like to thank Saskatchewan farmers and ranchers for their ongoing dedication. With harvest underway, I would also like to remind everyone to be safe.

Several bins have been moved to new locations at the Western Alfalfa Milling Company site near Norquay so that it will be able to handle district farmers’ grain prior to shipping to market.

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Page 4

Harvest Edition

western alfalfa milling co. Continued from Page 3 He pointed out the new construction and discussed the advantages of the equipment, saying that by October the road the trucks would be taking to the new

weigh scale shed and back around the property would be completed, allowing easy access for the trucks. Frazer was not able to contain his excitement as he described the new

Week of September 10, 2017

equipment that will allow for much faster loading of rail cars and took care to describe the equipment used to assure that the grains and alfalfa pellets kept in the large metal bins could be maintained at the correct temperatures and moved around the facility efficiently. Visiting the large storage hall which at one time contained huge piles of

The large shed, which once contained mountains of alfalfa pellets, now contains large bags of Alfalfa Green, an organic soil amendment made from alfalfa.

Reaching 120 feet into the air, this “leg� was erected in order to allow conveyors to move grain from bins to railway cars with ease.

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alfalfa pellets, one sees a largely empty expanse except for enormous white bags filled with the Alfalfa Green product prior to being shipped to wholesalers for packaging and then to retail outlets. He explained how plans were to soon replace the manual loading of the bags to a system that will be automated. WAMCO is a national leader in the production and processing of certified organic and conventional dehydrated alfalfa pellets for the livestock feed industry, says information on its website. “Our alfalfa is grown and processed near Norquay

before being shipped across North America. “As well as producing alfalfa pellets for the feed industry, WAMCO is also a pioneer in developing Alfalfa Green, our slow-release fertilizer and soil amendment,� it said, adding that no commercial fertilizers, pesticides or herbicides are used on any of its land. “We produce, sell or distribute over 20,000 metric tonnes of alfalfa products each year to our valued customers, both local and international. We strive to provide first-class service to each and every customer.

Alfalfa Green is a 100 per cent plant-based soil amendment, conditioner and fertilizer that adds over 30 micro and macro nutrients to the soil, it said. Alfalfa Green can be used for a wide variety of applications, including: reclamation projects, sports field maintenance; golf course maintenance and remediation; parks, lawn and flower care; industrial site re-vegetation; flower bed care; garden soil amendment; lawn and turf grass maintenance; fertilizing container pots and fruit orchards; and greenhouse growing. Continued on Page 5

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

western alfalfa milling co. Continued from Page 4 “Unlike many synthetic fertilizers, Alfalfa Green provides your soil with more than just N-P-K,” the information says. “Alfalfa Green is rich in calcium and supplies other micro minerals such as selenium, magnesium, boron, and more. “Alfalfa Green works to improve your soil structure

through the addition of plant fibers, which provides a food source for soil microbes. This boost in microbial activity results in improved soil aeration and drainage, while soil moisture evaporation and compaction are reduced. “Alfalfa Green absorbs up to three times its weight in water and holds onto it

Page 5

until the soil around it dries. This contributes to both the drought resistance and the flood control of your soils. Alfalfa Green is also a treatment for acidic and/or basic soils. With a neutral pH of 6.0 to 6.2, Alfalfa Green neutralizes acidity and buffers alkalinity, creating a favorable environment for soil microorganisms and plant root expansion. “Alfalfa Green is so versatile that it replaces other lawn and garden products such as conventional fertilizers, peat moss, manure, or compost.”

Nitrogen efficient barley expected to be released soon By Barbara Duckworth Calgary bureau The Western Producer A nitrogen efficient barley could be released next year. Thanks to advances in genomics and the tenacity of plant breeders at the Alberta Agriculture crop development centre, the new variety identified as T09157014 could soon be registered. “The idea is to select and develop material that can pick up more nitrogen from the soil as well as utilize that nitrogen more efficiently,” said Yadeta Kabeta, a research scientist. A typical plant uses only about 50 per cent of the available nitrogen. “With 10 years of work, I believe we have made quite significant progress. We have identified some lines with better nitrogen uptake. In general, the lines we have selected show 10 per cent improvement over the standard lines,” he said during a

field day at the Lacombe centre July 26. More tests will be done this year but this particular cultivar appears to take up more nitrogen, resulting in a good forage crop with higher biomass and improved grain yield of five to six per cent. The plant has smooth awns, which makes it suitable as a feed crop. It has average disease resistance. Molecular geneticist Jennifer Zantinge has worked with plant breeders like Kabeta to help select and develop new varieties with better disease resistance, good malting quality or improved nitrogen use. “Nitrogen use efficiency isn’t a simple gene. It seems to be multiple genes and seems to be affected by the environment,” she said. “It is extremely difficult to select for.” Early tests were difficult and time consuming with limited information revealed. However better technology has made the work faster and cheaper.

New equipment has been erected near the railway spur at Western Alfalfa Milling Company which allows for much quicker loading of grain and alfalfa pellets into rail cars.

FARMERS WE SALUTE YOU We appreciate all you do. Thank you for your hard work and passion 365 days of the year helping to feed the world. From farm to table we hope you have a HAPPY, SAFE and BOUNTIFUL harvest this year.

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Page 6

Harvest Edition

Prairie Soil Services building new state-ofthe-art fertilizer plant Prairie Soil Services Ltd. announced a significant capital investment into a new “state-of-the-art” dry fertilizer blending plant for its Norquay location. “We’re excited to be working with the industry leading Rancan Fertilizer Systems out of Winnipeg and construction is to begin this fall with the system being turn-key by January,” said Parker Summers, president of the Norquay-based

agriculture retailer. “For any of our customers requiring fall-applied dry fertilizer, our plants in Kamsack and Sturgis will be fully-stocked to service their fall needs.” Customers can anticipate a significant increased level of service with the new plant as it boats a full 50 M/T overhead outload and an impressive 300 ton per hour blend speed, Summers said. The

Week of September 10, 2017

plant will also feature micro-nutrient integration as well as the ability to blend up to eight different products, which will allow for increased specialty product incorporation. “Dry fertilizer has been core to our business since 1983 and we view this investment as essential to continue to provide the highest level of service possible to meet the needs of the farms today,” he said. Persons requiring additional information may contact Summers at 306.594.2330. Prairie Soil Services Ltd. was born from the purchase of Hudye Soil Services Inc. by two Saskatchewan investment funds, SaskWorks Venture Fund and Apex II, managed by PFM Capital of Regina in March of 2015, said a release from the company. The full-service ag-retailer has

retail locations at Norquay, Kamsack and Sturgis as well as satellite NH3 sites now servicing Canora and Yorkton and is well known for its agronomic focus including its annual Field of Dreams Crop Tour and Canola King Challenge. Building on the 30-plus years of success in the ag-retail market, Prairie Soils continues to bring its high-value approach to the marketplace, offering full service, vertically-integrated NH3 anhydrous ammonia, custom dry fertilizer blends and delivery, canola seed, chemicals, micronutrients, custom application and grain hauling, the release said. The company also offers agronomy services, advice and support from an award-winning agronomy team, grain marketing support and insight and third party credit and financial guidance.

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page 7

Diversification said important for success in an independent automotive repair business By William Koreluik A secret for success as an independent automotive mechanic in small-town Saskatchewan, or maybe it’s not such a secret, is diversification. Maybe it’s diversification and hard work. This kind of automotive business in Saskatchewan these days is pretty rare, Larry Zbeetnoff, who with his wife Dianne,

owns and operates Country Service in Kamasck, said recently as he talked about his life-long career working under the hoods and along the chasis of cars, trucks and farm implements. “Not too many guys do what we do,” Zbeetnoff said, adding that in the Kamsack area there is not the population to allow a mechanic like himself to specialize. “So, you have to do whatever comes

through the door. “You have to diversify. You have to be flexible. You have to work and do what you gotta do,” he said. “He doesn’t know how to say no, and he works his fingers to the bone,” Dianne added. “You’ve got to be cost effective and you’ve got to provide a decent service,” Larry said, admitting to always being busy at work. “In this business, you can be as busy as you want,” he said. “There’s no quiet time. “But in small town Saskatchewan, finding people to work is an issue,” he said as an explanation for such a business’s limited

room for growth in a small town. “Many people don’t want to live in a small community,” he said, voicing an objection to that claim, citing the fact that in Kamsack, “you’re only an hour away from a city and all of its amenities, while in half an hour in another direction, you’re in the boonies. “It all depends on what you want out of life.” Larry and Dianne opened Country Service at the intersection of Queen Elizabeth Boulevard and Highway No. 8 North in 1999, and although that business is now fewer than 20 years old, Larry’s been honing his craft for more than twice that long. Continued on Page 8

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oducers A salute to our agricultural prov ing who dedicate their lives to pr id food for the world.

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Every day, we eat, drink, wear, plant, feed and enjoy what Saskatchewan farmers work hard to provide.

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Now it’s time to recognize and salute the valuable efforts and achievements of the province’s agriculture industry.


Page 8

Harvest Edition

C OU N TRY SE RVI C E COUNTRY Continued from Page 7 Forty-four years ago, in 1973, while still attending Kamsack Collegiate Institute, Larry, the son of Bill and Faye Zbeetnoff, began working with his father, who since the early 1960s had been operating Zbeetnoff’s Welding Shop on Fifth Avenue at First Street. After graduating, Larry went to Calgary where he spent about four months working at Jack Carter Chev-Olds on the “lube rack” doing oil changes. He then moved over to AMCO Transmissions installing transmissions in cars. But the next year, Larry was back in Kamsack, working with his dad in the welding shop doing automotive repair and attending the motor vehicle mechanics repair (MVMR) course at SIAST in Moose Jaw.

He got his journeyman’s qualification in MVMR in 1979. Before that, in the mid-1970s, Larry began to slowly take over this father’s business and had begun working with Darrell Severson, who had also obtained his journeyman’s ticket. In 1974 his father left the business to his son and began working at other jobs in Kamsack. In 1975 Larry married Dianne Konkin, a daughter of Helen and the late Sam Konkin, who although holding down other jobs, has worked with him through most of his career. The couple has two daughters, Terri Labelle and Leeanne Hoehn, who both live in Saskatoon, and together have given Larry and Dianne six grandchildren. Soon, Larry and Darrell outgrew the tiny Zbeetnoff Welding building on First Street

Week of September 10, 2017

and, now partners, the men moved their operation to Lake Trail Esso, the service station that had been operated by Mike Ewacheski at Queen Elizabeth Boulevard and East Avenue. That was a much bigger building, Larry explained. “We had four other people working with us. We sold gasoline, had tow trucks and used six bays for automotive repair.” Meanwhile both Dianne and Sarah Severson, who had full-time jobs at the Kamsack Credit Union, helped out their husbands at the service station after hours and on weekends. The partners closed their business in 1981 during an economic downturn and Larry went to work as a mechanic at Grain Belt Farm Equipment, located across the boulevard and east about a block, concentrating exclusively on the maintenance and repair of farm equipment. After about two years, Larry moved over

An owner of Country Service, Larry Zbeetnoff can most often be seen working on a car or truck in the shop.

to Kamsack Motor Products, the car dealership which Charles and Ken Achtymichuk were in the process of winding down, but still needed someone to work on cars. Larry began working with Craig Laevens, Bob Pluta and Bob Brown who had purchased Kamsack Motor Products, where later Henry Bourett, Andy Hydamaka and Darrell Severson came on board. For Larry, that arrangement ended in about 1986, when he decided to go into business by himself, offering a mobile service for farm equipment repair. “I worked out the back of my truck,” he said, adding that within a couple years the need for a workspace became more important and he began renting a bay in the Co-op service station, in the building which predated the Co-op’s current site. Shortly thereafter, Larry and Dianne decided to purchase the greenhouse building that the late Paul Strelioff had constructed at his home and they had it moved to property on Highway No. 8 North, just north of the current Country Service building. “It was a beautiful sunshine-filled workshop,” Dianne said. “The daylight was unbelievable with all those windows and sunlight. While helping Larry, Dianne kept busy, raising their daughters, working at the credit union and the Kamsack nursing home as the activity worker and then at the Shear Heaven hair salon with Doreen Hudye until it closed. And then in 1999, the couple purchased the building Country Service now occupies and Dianne joined Larry at first on a parttime basis and then full time. Wes Shabatura had an auto salvage business in this building, Larry explained. Previously Paul Strelioff had used the building as his shop where he maintained and repaired his own farm equipment, and then Nykolaishen Farm Equipment began selling John Deere equipment in it. Continued on Page 9

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page 9

C OU N TRY SE RVI C E COUNTRY Continued from Page 8 After assuming ownership of the building, which is on six lots, Dianne and Larry decided to rent six more adjoining lots, because of the large farm equipment that the business was serving, including trucks and combines. “It takes a lot of area to park and work on these machines,” Larry said. “You need the room to move them around.” The 60-foot by 60-foot building can accommodate five smaller vehicle and three

larger ones and about a third of it is reserved for office space and storage. Currently, Larry works with Mike Eliuk, and journeyman mechanic who has been working with him for 10 years, and Pat Macek at the front desk, while Dianne is there only part-time. Larry says he could use additional staff and is willing to train the right person. Having to diversify, Larry explained that in addition to being able to work on a wide range of models of automobiles and farm

Dianne Zbeetnoff works part-time at Country Service in Kamsack, a business which is owned by her and her husband Larry.

Mike Eliuk, a journeyman mechanic, is also responsible for the computer work at Country Service in Kamsack.

equipment, the business is an SGI vehicle inspection station for vehicles that are oneton and up, and he does custom combining work. Over the years Larry has taken a variety of SGI courses. He has taken a business management course and has air conditioning certification which is needed for many of his country calls. In addition to work, Larry has served on town council and was a core member of the Kamsack Jaycees. He served as president of the Sno-Drifters snowmobile club and has been a Kamsack volunteer fireman for about 20 years.

But through all the work and his involvement in the community Larry has been able to maintain his family obligations. “No matter how busy he was or how hard he was working, he was always able to put his children to bed every night, and then go back to work,” Dianne said. “That’s a quirk of being ‘independent,’” he said. Asked what the biggest changes in cars and trucks are from when he first began working on them Larry said that vehicles today are being constructed much better than they were. Continued on Page 10

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Page 10

Harvest Edition

C OU N TRY SE RVI C E COUNTRY Continued from Page 9 “They do more miles and they’re more efficient,” he said, explaining that his business is able to do whatever the car dealership was able to do on a vehicle, only he can do “any makes and any models.” Explaining that he is able to work well with all the dealerships, he said that he has maintained good working relationships with companies that provide parts and information. “We’ve never burned any bridges with any dealers over the years and some of my accounts go back 40 years.” “It’s more convenient taking a vehicle to an independent repair shop than having to go to a city garage,” he said. “And if I can’t do it, I can offer the

advice as to where you can go, including where to have work done on the fancy European vehicles.” But he can still work on imports, specialty vehicles, domestic cars and heavy trucks, and whereas in the past a lot of his information was received from the Chilton manuals, he is now online with the Mitchell Program and he credits Mike Eliuk with being the business’s computer whiz. Asked what plans he has for the business in the future, Larry said that “it would be nice to slow down a wee bit.” He said he’d like to arrange things so that he’d be working only two or three days a week so that he’d have more time to work on his own projects. He’s a keen classic car collector and for many years

From the Mayor, Council and Staff of the Village of Buchanan

Wishing all farmers a safe and bountiful harvest

Week of September 10, 2017

he and Dianne have spent a few weeks in January attending the Barrett Jackson auctions in the United States each year. “That’s the best one-on-one time we get is when we go to Phoenix or to wherever those auctions are held,” he said. For the past 13 years the couple has lived at Madge Lake, in a Konkin family cabin that they had renovated on Jubilee subdivision. “We love it there,” Dianne said. “We drive home out there and forget our worries,” Larry added. Extolling the virtues of small-town life, Larry said that things are more affordable here in Kamsack while having access to very much the same services

that a city has. “In a small town, everyone knows everyone else, and that helps keep everyone more honest. “You can do your visiting at the grocery store,” he said. “And because you’re working for someone in your own community, you tend to be able to go the extra mile. “That reflects onto everyone, even the staff,” he said, adding that the business is eager to support Mike Eliuk who is serving as the president of the Kamsack Minor Hockey Association. “We can always work around his commitments to minor hockey,” he said. “If it is important to him, it is important to us.”

CFI investment advances U of S plant and medical imaging research Three University of Saskatchewan (U of S) early-career researchers have been awarded a total of more than $300,000 from the Canada Foundation for Innovation, for state-of-the-art equipment that will help them excel in leading-edge work related to agriculture and medical imaging. U of S biologist Chris Ambrose has been awarded $230,700 by the CFI for a super-resolution microscope to pursue fundamental, inquiry-driven research in plant cell biology, a field with broad implications relevant to agriculture and biofuels, said a release from the U of S. Mechanical engineers Emily McWalter and James

Johnston have also been awarded $75,300 for testing equipment that could help develop better treatments for osteoarthritis. The two research teams are seeking other public and private funding to match the 40-per-cent CFI contribution, investment that would raise the total combined value of their projects to $765,000. “This investment enables these exceptional researchers to conduct leading-edge research by giving them the tools and equipment they need to become leaders in their fields,” said Karen Chad, U of S vice-president of research. “These awards also recognize the value of collaboration because

the equipment supports researchers in a variety of fields at the U of S, who will come together to learn and share the knowledge.” The super-resolution confocal microscope will be the first of its kind at the U of S and an indispensable tool for researchers in a wide range of areas, from cell biology to biomedicine to agronomy. The microscope passes laser light through a pinhole to remove out-of-focus light from a specimen, enabling scientists to obtain thin and sharply defined cross-sections that can be assembled to create three-dimensional images which can be viewed from all angles to inspect the fine details. Continued on Page 11

ANNOUNCEMENT

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page 11

New dual nozzle design doubles H2O volume draining pots By Ron Lysine Winnipeg bureau The Western Producer Large-scale drainage of prairie sloughs and potholes can cause serious flooding issues downstream. Hydrologists concerned with soil moisture depletion say most remaining wetlands cannot be economically drained, nor should they be. However, a dozen or more shallow little nuisance ponds scattered across a half-section field affect not only seeding operations but also spraying because of vacant areas or

retarded crop. As well, they’ll hang around long enough in a really wet year to make harvest miserable. Growers who have succeeded in pumping water from spring ponds up to nearby hilltops say they can usually seed through the low spots instead of going around. Getting a crop established in those low spots uses up much of the excess moisture and can create a uniform crop. If the knolls are dry, the extra moisture may help kick-start the crop up there. If luck is on your side come June, the

CFI investment advances U of S plant and medical imaging research Continued from Page 10 For Ambrose and his team, the advanced microscope will provide highspeed imaging of cellular dynamics and tissue development in plants, advancing their innovative research into the plant microtubule cytoskeleton—a dense three-dimensional network inside each cell that controls cell division, enlargement and differentiation. The cytoskeleton is also the key organizer of plant cell walls, which are the primary source of all cellulosic biofuels on the planet. M c Wa l t e r ’s a n d

Johnston’s award is for an indentation testing system that will enable precise measurements of tissue strength to advance their research into finding better ways to treat osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease that affects one in 10 Canadians. Patients with the disease lose strength in their joints and experience pain, stiffness and loss of mobility. A barrier to developing treatments is the lack of tools to determine the effectiveness of treatments. McWalter and Johnston will use MRI (magnetic

resonance imaging) or CT (computed tomography) scans of knee joint tissues (often obtained from patients undergoing knee replacement) and then take the tissue to the lab for strength testing with the new system. They will then compare the strength data to the numerical imaging data to ensure the values correspond. Researchers and doctors could then work together to develop and evaluate treatments for osteoarthritis, with the objective of restoring joint function to millions of Canadians.

whole field can be sprayed as a single uniform crop right on schedule. Not only that, but when harvest arrives, the combines can roll right on through without getting stuck. And those are the final two economic arguments for pond pumping: you get to run crop through your combine on those low acres where you otherwise would not have harvested any crop, and you may get a better yield on the knolls if you’re able to get water up to them. Five factors support pond pumping: seed more acres without dodging ponds or getting stuck; spray crops in uniform stage of development on time; combine whole fields without dodging low spots or getting stuck; extra acres of crop into the bin from low spots, and potential extra yield because of water on knolls. Irrigation equipment can be jury-rigged to pump from pothole to knoll, but it’s a timeconsuming way of attacking the problem. Over the years, the portable water cannon has proven to be the most practical method, mainly because it can easily be moved from one pothole to the next. Prairie farmers use big equipment, and nowhere is that more evident than in the realm of water cannons. Double A Trailers of Two Hills, Alta., brought its new Dual Nozzle Water Cannon to the Ag in Motion farm show in July near Saskatoon. With a capacity of 2,000 gallons per minute, the new cannon doubles the volume of the company’s previous single nozzle design that it introduced 12 years ago, said Nathan Rudko of Double A Trailers.

“Two thousand gallons is your volume spraying through the dual nozzles, but if you run through a hose to pump into another dugout or permanent pond, then you’re up to 4,500 g.p.m.,” said Rudko. Power take-off of 150 horsepower is required in either mode, he added. “The smaller pump, which feeds the single unit cannon, requires a p.t.o. of 100 h.p. “The cannon chassis itself is 80 feet long; then you get another 20 feet when you swing the boom out in front of your tractor,” he said. “The discharge boom is hydraulically controlled. It shoots up to about 400 feet, depending on wind conditions. It covers a 270 degree arc. That’s about four acres for each setup. “On a day when you have a strong wind blowing with the water, the drops don’t even touch the ground. They atomize into such a fine mist, it either evaporates or lightly covers the ground. Without the wind, it does deposit water on the knolls.” The single nozzle cannon has an eight-inch suction inlet, and the dual nozzle unit has a 10inch suction inlet. Transport length is 83 feet and transport width is 8.5 feet. The dual nozzle unit weighs 6,400 pounds and sells for $50,000 with high flotation tires. Double A Trailer says pumping pond water to a higher elevation may move some of the salts in areas where discharge potholes are causing salinity. “Soil salinity is decreased and saline soils are rejuvenated. Grasshopper and mole infestations around potholes and sloughs can be reduced.”

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Page 12

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

Cherries in abundance this season at Norquay U-Pick operation By Kaeley Kish The Norquay Cherry U-Pick opened for business this season on July 22. Bob and Bev Larson of Norquay started the business a few years ago along Highway No. 49. They said that having owned the property, they began thinking of how to make use of it and soon came upon the idea of a cherry orchard. This year Larsons had five varieties of cherries available: Evans, Juliet, Carmen Jewel, Cupid and Passion, and each one offers a different taste so together they will be able to suit any customer who comes to pick.

Bob, who has become very knowledgeable when it comes to cherry trees, mentioned how a cherry that is ripe has a purple stem and those that aren’t quite ready will still have green stems. He said that when it rains if a cherry is hanging straight on the tree the water will pool around the stem which causes it to start going bad sooner. Bob eagerly talked of how beautiful the trees were in the spring when they were full of the white blossoms that would be producing many bright red cherries. The U-pick business was open from 9 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. every day. The Larsons also sell ice cream pails full of cherries for $15 each.

There were many bright red bunches of Evans cherries at the Norquay Cherry U-Pick in July. The Evans cherry has a sweet taste and grew in abundance this year.

Ayden and Nixon Lukey of Norquay were hard at work picking cherries at the Norquay Cherry U-Pick on July 29.

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page 13

Annual crops fill pasture gaps By Charlotte Ward, PAg Regional Forage Specialist Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture, Yorkton Office Lower than average growing season moisture has many producers concerned about soil moisture f o r n e x t y e a r ’s p a s t u r e production. While thinking about dry conditions next spring may seem a little premature now, dry conditions next spring will find some producers stretching their perennial pastures for a second year in a row. Planning this fall can reduce stress next spring if there are poor moisture conditions for perennial pastures again. The concept of using annual crops to extend the grazing season or to supplement perennial pasture production is not a new one. Annuals are often seeded late spring for use as a swath grazed crop or baled as greenfeed. Early spring seeded cereal crops for pasture is not the norm. The advantage of seeding annual crops earlier as opposed to later is two-fold. First, there is a yield benefit as earlier seeded crops take advantage of early spring moisture before the summer heat or wind dries soil. As a rule of thumb, for every week seeding is delayed beyond the May long

CHARLOTTE WARD weekend, there is a 10 per cent reduction in yield. The second advantage comes with the flexibility of annuals that a producer has – grazing, silage, greenfeed, swath grazing, bale grazing, etc. Spring seeded annuals for pasture can provide some much needed rest and recovery for perennial pastures. For every day that grazing is delayed in the spring, three days of grazing are gained in the fall. Spring cereals can usually be grazed four to six weeks after seeding (10 inches of growth). Spring seeded cereals such as oats, barley and triticale are difficult to stockpile for late season grazing as trampling losses can be high. Of the spring seeded cereals, oats has the greatest potential for regrowth. Another option is to spring seed a fall or winter

cereal such as winter wheat, fall rye or winter triticale for grazing. All three species yield similarly for pasture. Fall rye tends to be more winter hardy than winter wheat or winter triticale; however it also tends to be less palatable to livestock. Grazing can generally begin once the rows have filled in (six to eight inches high) and crops can be grazed multiple times in the year of seeding if used in a rotational grazing system. As a rule of thumb, one week grazing with three weeks rest tends to provide the greatest production. The advantage of using a spring-seeded fall or winter cereal is that only five to 10 per cent of plants will set seed in the year of seeding and will remain vegetative longer. If early spring grazing is needed, fall seeding of these crops provides the earliest spring growth. One strategy that many producers can implement is to start their livestock on perennial pastures in the spring and as soon as the annuals are ready for grazing, utilize the annuals before returning to the perennial pastures. Allowing perennial pastures a rest early in the grazing season will increase their overall production for use later in the summer.

Agriculture Extension Services: Helping you succeed

You can select an annual crop to supplement your perennial pastures based on when you will need the additional pasture. (Source: Manitoba, Food and Rural Initiatives). Annual crops for grazing should be seeded at a slightly higher seeding rate than used for crop production. Fertility should be the same as if used for grain production. When determining how many acres to seed, the average stocking rate is just under two 1,300-pound cows per acre. In other words, one acre would provide enough forage for approximately two animals for one month. Spring-seeded annuals generally provide a safe, nutritious and productive

pasture; however, producers do need to make themselves aware of potential herd health concerns. Nitrates, atypical interstitial pneumonia and milk fever/winter tetany can be management challenges facing producers grazing annual forages. While there are many other alternative annual forages for grazing including warm season crops (millets, corn), brassicas (turnips, forage rape) or legumes (clovers, peas), they are better suited to late season grazing and do not provide

the same level of springearly summer growth that cereals do. Cool season cereals give perennial pastures a chance to rest and recover during the peak growing season. Early spring seeded cereals can provide a good option for spring-early summer grazing. For more information on this or other forage topics, one may contact C h a r l o t t e Wa r d i n t h e Yorkton Regional Office at (306)786-1608 or email charlotte.ward@gov.sk.ca.

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Page 14

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

Using glyphosate to dry down malt barley still questionable By Ed White Winnipeg bureau The Western Producer It’s fine to hit malting barley with glyphosate, at least theoretically. But the challenge of doing it in the field in true farming conditions was highlighted by long-time barley researcher John O’Donovan at the Canadian Barley Symposium. “If the farmer does everything right — correct stage, uniform dry-down is achieved — the residue levels will likely not exceed the allowable threshold,” said O’Donovan, the Agriculture Canada researcher who opened the Symposium June 26. “Assuming that the grower does everything right … the greatest risk may lie in non-uniform drydown.”

Using pre-harvest glyphosate on malting barley is a big no-no if the farmer plans to try to sell the crop to a maltster or to anybody else who plans to use it to make malt. Maltsters and brewers fear glyphosate residue will damage the germination of barley kernels. “There is not a maltster or brewer in Western Canada that will accept barley that has been treated with pre-harvest glyphosate,” said O’Donovan. O’Donovan said Canadian Grain Commission and other research has shown that it is possible, at least in small-plot research conditions, to apply pre-harvest glyphosate to malting barley and neither exceed maximum residue levels nor damage germination of malting barley. However, in real farming conditions,

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that could be hard to achieve because not all parts of a crop can be assumed to have the exact same level of maturity and might not dry down perfectly.

That leaves the possibility of residue and germination problems, even if rates and crops stage have been correct, O’Donovan said.

PAMI study results help soybean producers increase returns A recent study by Prairie Agricultural Machinery Institute (PAMI) has shown that two relatively minor changes in soybean harvest—reducing combine speed and investing in an air reel—can bring significant economic benefit to producers. The study into optimizing combine header efficiency when harvesting soybeans was carried out in 2016 near East Selkirk, Man. and compared combine ground speeds of two, three, four and five miles per hour (mph), said a release from PAMI. At two, three and four mph, losses were calculated at about 1.36 bushels per acre (bu/ ac) but at five mph, the losses nearly doubled, to 2.18 bu/ac. Assuming a soybean price of $10/bushel, that means the difference between harvesting at four mph and five mph is $8.20 per acre. Avery Simundsson, project leader with PAMI in Portage la Prairie, said that as new varieties make

growing soybeans more appealing across the prairies, producers need this kind of information to ensure the highest possible returns. “We were surprised at how obvious it was that speed could makes such a drastic difference,” she said. “The critical speed will vary slightly from our study but there will always be a point of exponential jump like we saw between four and five mph. Producers need to know where that point is for their particular circumstances.” The PAMI study, which was funded by the Canada and Manitoba governments through Growing Forward 2, a federal-provincial-territorial initiative, also evaluated whether auger headers equipped with air reels are more efficient at picking up the crop, and they are. Simundsson said about 80 per cent of losses during harvest occur at the header but adding an air reel reduced losses by more than half when compared to losses recorded using just an auger header. Again assuming

a $10/bu price for soybeans, that is a potential saving of about $12.50 per acre. “It’s these kinds of relatively simple tweaks to harvest operations—slowing down and maybe investing in an air reel—that can help producers increase their returns by reducing the amount of beans, and profit, that’s left behind in the field.” T h e c o m p l e t e PA M I Research Report can be downloaded at http://pami. ca/news/. PA M I i s a r e s e a r c h , agronomy, and engineering government organization that conducts applied research, development, prototyping and testing of equipment and processes. PA M I h e a d o ff i c e i s i n Humboldt, with locations in Saskatoon, Portage La Prairie, Man. and Winnipeg. Together with its associate, WESTEST, and research centres — Western Beef Development Centre and Applied Bioenergy Centre — it tackles complex machinery issues from across Western Canada and around the globe.

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page 15

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09 36' C/W PU REEL & CROSS AUGER (JD) ..........$59,000 ................ $29,500 03 36' C/W PU REEL & CROSS AUGER (JD) ..........$45,000 ................ $26.500 08 36' C/W PU REEL (JD) .....................$29,000 ................ $23,500 05 36' C/W PU REEL (JD) ..$23,000 ................ $19,000 02 30' C/W PU REEL & CROSS AUGER (JD) ..........$23,200 ................ $19,000 94 30' C/W PU REEL (CASE) ...............$19,250 ................ $17,500 97 30' C/W PU REEL & CROSS AUGER ..................$28,500 ................ $14,250 11 36' FITS JD SWATHER..$36,500 ................ $28,500 05 36' FITS NH BI - DIRECTIONAL .............$28,000 ................ $19,500 QUALIFY FOR $14/BUSHEL FOR CANOLA

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Page 16

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

Former Canora resident creates successful diversified aerial career By Rocky Neufeld Michael Yaholnitsky and his wife Carol own Miccar Aerial (a combination of ‘Michael’ and ‘Carol’) and Good Spirit Air Service, based in Yorkton, a thriving operation which provides aerial spraying services, agricultural pilot training and aircraft charter services as well as aircraft maintenance in Yorkton and Flin Flon, Man. Carol and Michael operate the business along with their two sons. Ian looks after the aerial application side of the business as the aerial manager and Devan is the operations manager and accredited check pilot who looks after all the details of the training of all the charter and agricultural pilots. In his capacity as operations manager Devan also deals with all the regulatory requirements of Transport Canada. The industry is highly regulated by several arms of government. Michael said it’s enjoyable work, and it’s also been an interesting path which has brought the operation to this point. His uncle Walter was a fighter pilot who was killed in action during the Second World War. Michael initiated the

When Yaholnitsky and his wife Carol were looking for a business name they chose Miccar, the first three letters of each of their names. tradition to honour his uncle and all the men and women who “sacrificed all for our freedom� by doing a fly-by at Remembrance Day services, and did so for a number of years. The fly-by is still done when weather allows by his son Devan each year, at the 11th minute of the 11th hour of the 11th day. Michael’s father John trained as an

aircraft engineer during the Second World War. He needed six months of training in the United States, but couldn’t get the necessary visa to continue, so when the war ended he took up farming. Michael said his father turned out to be very good at applying his aircraft engineer training to come up with farm equipment-related innovations.

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T h e y o u n g e r Ya h o l n i t s k y w a s b o r n and raised near Canora in the small community of Mazeppa. He went to school in Mazeppa through Grade 6, and then finished high school in Canora. He followed that by taking a vocational agriculture course in Saskatoon. He had cattle until 1983, and was involved in grain farming until 2013.

Having hired aerial applicators for his own farming needs he was always fascinated by the skills required and the results that could be achieved. “So when I got involved in the industry I strived to do it better. I always had the ability see it from the farmer’s perspective and I have been an advocate for farmers and improving their bottom lines,� he

said. While he was farming, Yaholnitsky acquired his commercial pilots license in 1981. In 1984 he started doing aerial spraying for Yorkton Flying Services as a contract pilot. In 1990, he and Carol bought their first plane, a mid-70s model Cessna 188 Ag Truck, and used it quite a bit for spraying crops on their own farm. They leased the plane to Yorkton Flying Services from 1990 to 1995, but by 1996, the company was no longer interested in the lease. Yaholnitsky obtained his air operating certificate to do commercial aerial applications in 1996. He and his wife started Miccar Aerial that same year with their Cessna plane. Initially the business was based in an office located in a grain elevator building in Canora, doing aerial application in the area including Canora, Yorkton, Kamsack, Preeceville and Norquay. Yaholnitsky took advantage of the increasing demand from farmers for the services provided by Miccar. In order to meet the increased demand, Miccar leased and eventually bought more aircraft. Continued on Page 17

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Michael & Carol Yaholnitsky Continued from Page 16 With increase business they decided to move the business to Yorkton, and rented space in Yorkton starting in 2002-03. The grain elevator used in Canora was not near an airport. Meanwhile, aircraft maintenance was being done in Yorkton, with year-round air facilities and clientele was growing in the Yorkton area, all of which made the move necessary. Yaholnitsky had been farming in a partnership

for a number of years, but in 2004 that partnership dissolved. He and Carol bought out their partners, which meant they were farming and running the growing Miccar operation at the same time. In 2006 they decided to expand into air charter service, which was the beginning of Good Spirit Air Service. Ya h o l n i t s k y s a i d i n 2008 there was an opportunity to provide flights up north to Cameco mines, which initially

Harvest Edition started with one flight per week. The 2008 recession had left the Miccar operation in a precarious position, but at the same time the arrangement with Cameco stabilized and eventually grew to as many as nine flights per week, providing a reliable source of revenue. In addition to the regular mining flights, Good Spirit Air Service obtained authority and became bonded to do commercial charter flights into the United States, which permits flights all over North America. Continued on Page 18

Page 17

Yaholnitsky’s first spray plane was a mid-1970’s Cessna model 188 Ag Truck, which he acquired in 1990. It was used both on the Yaholnitsky farm and for custom aerial applications.

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Page 18

Harvest Edition

Michael & Carol Yaholnitsky Continued from Page 17 Business continued to grow, but it was without its own maintenance division, and maintenance costs were very high. Yaholnitsky decided to add maintenance to the operation to maintain the growing fleet of aircraft as well as provide contract maintenance as another source of income. In 2010 Flin Flon Aircraft Maintenance was purchased. As well in the same year a hangar was purchased in Flin Flon. Yaholnitsky said this deal made perfect sense to him and Carol, but not everyone agreed with them. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Financing was tough because banks thought we were crazy. But we saw it as a way to branch out

our revenue streams, stay diversified in several locations as well as different sectors of the economy and it worked out pretty well,â&#x20AC;? he said. Back in the later 1990s, in addition running the aerial spraying operation, Yaholnitsky supplied aircraft for training agricultural pilots in Yorkton. In the years that followed he didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have time for it, but never lost sight of the need. In 2013, he was able to once again become involved in pilot training. Since then, Miccar has been running its own agricultural pilot training course. The operation has been expanding consistently, and is now to the point where in addition to

Canadian and American pilots, it is also training agricultural pilots from New Zealand, Columbia, Spain, Indonesia, and the Ivory Coast. He said itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s quite rewarding to see pilots who have come through the training program now flying for spraying operations all over the world. Ya h o l n i t s k y g o t o u t of direct involvement in farming in 2013 when he sold the farm equipment and rented out the land, and devoted his full attention to his business interests. After starting out with one spray plane all those years ago, the operation now owns or leases a dozen aircraft. That includes eight spray aircraft, three passenger aircraft and one aircraft with dual controls for agricultural pilot training. Ya h o l n i t s k y s a i d i n

Michael Yaholnitskyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s farm in the Mazeppa area included cattle until 1983.

Week of September 10, 2017

addition to the Yorkton and Flin Flon locations, they own or have arrangements for access to air strips in Mazeppa, Foam Lake, Norquay/Danbury, Wynyard and Swan River, Man. Aerial application continues to be a major component of the business, and he continues to research and explore new options for growth. In recent years, Miccar has started doing aerial fertilizer application for farmers. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a matter of using a weigh wagon with an electric scale to measure out the fertilizer, and attaching a spreader under the plane. Continued on Page 19

Yaholnitsky spends plenty of time in the office as well as still flying both agricultural and charter flights when the need arises.

Miccar has a long history of aerial spraying, and recently has gained experience in relatively new areas such as aerial fertilizer application and other specialized areas of application.

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page 19

Michael & Carol Yaholnitsky Continued from Page 18 Yaholnitsky said aerial fertilization is somewhat more expensive than ground application, but he sees a fit for farmers for the long term. Instead of applying all the fertilizer a crop needs for the year at seeding, the farmer can just apply enough to get the crop started during the seeding operation. When the crop is well out of the ground he or she can better determine the potential yield, and how well the

crop is growing. At that point it’s easy to do an aerial application and set the application rate according to the crop’s potential, without leaving any yieldrobbing tracks in the growing crop from fertilizer application equipment. Working for farmers continues to be a major focus at Miccar, but it now has other aerial application clients as well. The business regularly gets government contract work for jobs such as weed control

Regular inspections take place on all aircraft, including this AT401W. in community pastures and spraying parks for forest tent caterpillar control, as well as other specialized

work such as controlling deciduous trees in spruce reforestation. Even though his

Good Spirit Air Service was started in 2006, and the operation has been providing a charter flight service ever since to the mining sector, business charter, government and recreational demands.

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flying for the major airlines, which is something we are very proud of,” said Yaholnitsky. He said the diversified nature of the operation puts them in an excellent position heading into the future. During times when a low Canadian dollar gives Americans more buying power, there is usually more demand for charter flights from the U.S. As farms continue grow in size, Yaholnitsky expects more farmers to own their own planes and do their own aerial applications. But he expects that will lead to opportunities for Miccar to do more work for farmers in areas such as aircraft management, maintenance and pilot training. More photos on Page 20

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office is now in Yorkton, Yaholnitsky continues to support Canora businesses when he can. Miccar utilizes custom-built containment devices designed by Canora Weaving to rinse aircraft after aerial applications and collect the rinsate for safe disposal. C a n o r a We a v i n g a l s o builds prop ties and does other specialized upholstery and fabric work as well. At last count, there were 30 employees working for Miccar Aerial and Good Spirit Air Service, around 25 of them full time, including a dozen pilots, he said. “Most of the pilots split their time between charter flights and agricultural flights, and over the years many of our pilots have gone on to other careers

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Page 20

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

Michael & Carol Yaholnitsky

Miccar Aerial has experience in aerial application not only in agriculture but forestry as well as other specialty aerial application situations, including spraying for forest tent caterpillars, controlling deciduous trees, and other specialized work such as larviciding for mosquito control.

Yaholnitsky’s office may be in Yorkton, but he continues to support Canora. He utilizes custom- built containment devices designed by Canora Weaving to rinse the aircraft after aerial application and collect the rinsate for disposal. Canora Weaving also builds prop ties and does other special upholstery and fabric work as well.

Bin safety system designed to protect farmers from falls By Robin Booker Saskatoon newsroom The Western producer Bin sensing technology and grain level indicators mean most farmers today should be able to make fewer scrambles up to the tops of their bins. That’s good news because climbing bins can be a dangerous job, especially if there is frost on the ladder or wind. However, some farmers still feel the need to make the climb to examine their crop more closely. For example, some growers believe the smell test, where they climb to the top of the bin to put their head in the fill-hole to smell for heated grain, is an essential tool to reduce grain-storage spoilage. To help mitigate the risk of this dangerous task, Northern Strands has developed a grain bin fall protection system. “We’ve designed our anchor at the top of the bin with

a life line on it to the bottom rung of the ladder to make sure you’re safe, all the way to the top of your bin so that you can do whatever you need to do,” said Dave Perrin of Northern Strands. Saskatoon-based Northern Strands produces industrial safety equipment and it demonstrated its grain bin fall protection system at the recent Ag In Motion outdoor farm show near Saskatoon. Perrin put on a harness, climbed a steel grain bin, and let go of the ladder and let the harness hold his weight. “It’s as simple as taking your snap hook, hooking onto your traveler, and going up your ladder,” he said. “As you go up, you try to keep the anchor point above our head.” The anchor system can be installed by bolting the top plate in line with the ladder near the opening at the top of the bin. “The installation is extremely simple. It consists of drilling 10 holes and then adding your nuts, bolts and

Wishing a safe and successful harvest to all farmers.

washers. We’ve actually added a rubber washer on the underside of our plate to make sure the weather doesn’t get into your product,” Perrin said. The cable is anchored at the bottom ladder of the bin, so when the bin needs to be climbed, the cable is there waiting for the user to attach their harness to the traveler on the cable with a snap hook. The fall protection system better protects users from falling off or into a grain bin. It could also help employers provide a safer work environment, he said. “Our anchor is engineered and designed to withstand extreme loads. In case of a fall, the bin will not be damaged, and most importantly we will save a life,” Perrin said. Northern Strands’ fall protection system is not available for all bins. To see if your bins are compatible go to: http://bit.ly/2w7eJhW.

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page 21

Assiniboine watershed association contracted to assist with two large drainage projects As part of the Government of Saskatchewan’s commitment to tackle the issue of agricultural water management within the province, the Water Security Agency, which is the provincial entity responsible for drainage approval in Saskatchewan, has contracted the services of the Assiniboine Watershed Stewardship Association (AWSA) to assist with two very large drainage network projects. The Saline Lake project, which

occupies 158 quarters of land in the Margo area, and the Black Bird Creek project of 144 quarters in the Calder and MacNutt area, were both initiated by prior drainage complaints between landowners, said information from Jesse Nielsen, AWSA manager. The AWSA is acting as the Qualified Persons (QP’s) that the Water Security Agency requires landowners to work with to complete a joint application for the

permitting of all existing and proposed drainage works within a given project area, the information said. The AWSA is currently in the midst of finalizing quarter-by-quarter mapping, including proposed flow control requirements, which are restrictor culverts designed to slow down flow to reduce potential erosion and flood impacts. More “ground-truthing” will be conducted over the fall months to verify

project details, with a final application expected to be submitted to the Water Security Agency in late fall. The AWSA is dedicated to continuing to work with the Water Security Agency and the landowners involved in the projects, it said. Once completed, these will be the largest approved drainage projects in all of Saskatchewan. “We thank all involved for their continued time and patience,” Nielsen said.

Mobile seed treatment plant not just a short-season investment By Ron Lyseng Winnipeg bureau Western Producer Small-scale on-farm seed treatment plants have been around for decades, but they have not been widely used until recently, says Jeff Young of CanSeed Equipment in Saskatoon. “The younger generation of farmers is starting to see the value of seed treatment,” he said. “These young growers won’t put a seed in the ground unless it’s treated.” Growers are familiar with small on-farm treatment machines and large stationary plants at their seed dealers, but the trend toward high-volume mobile trailers is new and rapidly gaining momentum on big farms and for custom operators. “Guys buying these big mobile plants are doing a lot of custom work,” Young said. “They’re making good money because they’ve figured out this is not just a short-season machine like a combine or a drill. They can do a lot of custom work to stretch out the investment. “Seed doesn’t have to go from the treatment plant straight into the ground. Guys will pre-treat and then put the seed back in the bin until they need it. Of course, storage time depends on the treatment you’re putting on the seed. “Some of our customers run more than 200,000 bushels in a season through their mobile plant. Custom application rate

this year was around 80 cents per bu., so there’s money to be made.” During a tour of the treatment plant on display at the Ag in Motion farm show held in July near Saskatoon, Young said the generator is at the right rear of the trailer, making the plant entirely self-sufficient. The fill hopper is on the left rear of the trailer bed. The hopper has a seed metering wheel with cupweight calibration. He said the metering wheel is a volumetric measuring system with two inlets, two outlets and eight pockets of seed rotating around a centre pivot. Accuracy is within 99 per cent. All calibration settings are retained for multiple seed types. Seed travels from the hopper up the conveyor into the treating chamber. Chemical is pulled from the pump stands. Young said the trailer is equipped with the largest drum available on any mobile seed treating system. It measures eight feet tall by 42 inches in diameter. “It tilts, so when you first start your run, no seeds get out,” Young said. “It holds seed back until there’s 300 pounds in the drum. Then it tilts down so seed can start to flow out. This means no seeds can escape the drum unless they’ve been treated. Also, the drum tilts all the way down to help you get a better cleanout, which is important in any seed treatment machine. The conveyors all have clean-out ports.” The chemical pump-stand lets the operator mix chemicals prior to application. It’s equipped with an electronic

volumetric flow meter that displays the flow rate of the liquid chemical products being transferred to the atomizer head. The peristaltic pumps use rotating rollers that push fluids through a hose to deliver them into the atomizer head. No chemical ever touches the pumps, so there’s no cleanout. The pump-stand can have up to three heads, depending on required chemical flow rate. The operator can set the rate using an iPad tablet. Some farmers have had bad experiences with flow meters in the past, saying they give false readings. “A big factor in accuracy is keeping your flow meters clean. You have to do a thorough clean-out as soon as you’re done using the machine. Don’t let it sit,” Young said. “The customer who owns this machine (the display unit) ran 60,000 bu. last year, which was his first year. He phoned me up when he was done and said he had been within one per cent accuracy for volume used.” Seed enters the stainless steel atomizer chamber, where it’s evenly distributed over a cone. The atomizer head spins at 1,725 r.p.m. to uniformly apply chemical to the seed. Different combinations of chemicals and inoculants, both dry and wet, can be applied simultaneously. Seed then enters the drum, where it’s polished and dried, and from there back into the bin for storage. Young said the plant at Ag in Motion had all the available options, bringing the price tag to US$143,000.

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x IT’S THE LAW! x Responsibly managed drainage plays an important role in agriculture within East Central Saskatchewan. x PermiƩed works allow a producer to conƟnue farming operaƟons as usual for the term of the approval without threat of closure. x It is also an important feature when considering selling land.

x OperaƟon of exisƟng, unapproved drainage projects x AlteraƟon, modiĮcaƟon, or extension of approved drainage projects x Proposed new permanent and/or temporary drainage projects x ConƟnuing operaƟon of approved drainage works with an expired permit.

Call the Assiniboine Watershed Stewardship Assoc. for more information. Jesse at 306--783--1695 or Caitlyn at 306--783--1692


Page 22

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

Hay price increase likely to follow feed shortage Hay prices are above average in Saskatchewan and may get higher this fall. If a number of factors come together, prices could spike, according to a release from the Saskatchewan Stock Growers Association. Most forage sellers are now asking five to eight cents per pound, with most of the hay trading closer to five cents, said the release. Trewett Chaplin, a livestock producer from Craik, thinks prices will increase in coming months because green feed supplies may be tight. Chaplin and other ranchers assumed many farmers would bale cereal crops in areas where crops struggled in hot and dry weather this summer in Saskatchewan. But that’s not the case. “The (grain) crop is turning out better than expected… so there’s not going to be any green feed on the

Continued hot weather may dry up pastures and force livestock producers to put cattle on hay several weeks earlier than normal. -Wendy Dudley photo

market,” said Chaplin, who raises cattle and bison. “They’re still taking them off (combining), there’s not a lot of guys willing to part with their crops (as green feed).” The drought this summer in southern Saskatchewan generated a lot of media attention for the potential impact on grain and oilseed yields, said the release. The extreme weather also

damaged hay crops, with some areas reporting forage yields of a half or a third of normal. Dave Kerr, Saskatchewan Forage Council president, estimated one-third of the province might have a shortfall of hay this year. Most of the shortage will probably be in southern Saskatchewan, where the heat and dryness was most severe.

As of the third week of August, many online sellers of hay were asking five to six cents per pound for baled hay, which is higher than normal in Saskatchewan. “Most hay, on average years, is only 3.5 cents per pound. That same hay is going for five to six cents a pound this year,” Chaplin said. “Normally eight cents a pound would be dairy quality feed. But for regular hay, that’s insane.” Besides a lack of green feed, other factors could propel hay prices higher this autumn. Farmers in parts of North Dakota, Montana and South Dakota also suffered through a drought and heat wave in July. American producers bought hay bales from Canada earlier this summer and may buy more as winter approaches. “I think there was a lot of last year’s hay that has been

sold across the line (to the United States),” said Kelly Williamson, a cattle producer in Pambrun. “So the reserve (of hay) is gone.” With the U.S. dollar trading at $1.26 Canadian, there is a price advantage for American buyers, said the release. Plus, there may be transport subsidies for struggling U.S. farmers. “It’s going to depend on what kind of trucking incentives the guys across the line are going to get, which is probably going to create the (price) floor for our (hay) market,” Williamson said. Yet another factor is pastures. The hot and record dry weather, with less than five millimetres of rain in places for the month of July, scorched grazing lands in parts of Saskatchewan, said the release. If the pastures don’t bounce back, livestock

producers may have to put their cattle on feed much sooner than normal this fall. “A hot July isn’t going to kill our hay crop here…. But it will fry your pastures and send you to the feed stack 30, 40 or 50 days early,” Williamson said. “Then that really puts pressure on trying to source extra feed.” Of course, there are other ways to feed cattle through the winter besides hay. Livestock producers can use straw and supplement with grain and pellets. Alternative sources of feed could temper hay prices this fall and winter, but the market may explode if the drought persists into 2018, Williamson said. “If we have a dry year next year and we have below normal hay stands, we’re in for quite the show.”

Proposed federal tax changes could impede Saskatchewan agricultural producers’ ability to keep farms in the family The Agricultural Producers Association of Saskatchewan (APAS) is expressing its strong concern about proposed changes to Federal tax rules impacting small business corporations. “The Canadian Agricultural industry is strongly based on the family farm, and many farm families have used incorporation as a way to ensure that their farms can be passed from generation to generation,” said Todd Lewis, APAS president, who sits on the board

of the Canadian Federation of Agriculture (CFA). “These proposed changes could have severe impacts on multi-generational farm operations.” The CFA campaign is asking producers to join other business organizations in calling on Members of Parliament to extend the consultation period, which was announced July 17 and ends October 2, said a release from APAS. “This federal government consultation is taking place right when we are busy

harvesting our crops, and there has been nowhere near enough time to understand the implications of the proposals,” Lewis said. “The changes are very technical in nature, and we need more time to fully understand their potential impacts.” Lewis added that APAS would be contacting Federal Finance Minister Morneau and MPs to express concern, and would be mobilizing APAS members to assist. APAS is Saskatchewan’s general farm

organization – formed to provide farmers and ranchers with a democratically elected, grassroots, non-partisan, producer-run organization based on rural municipal boundaries. “As the united voice of thousands of agricultural producers and ranchers in Saskatchewan, we strive to represent the views of a wide variety of agricultural stakeholders in order to form comprehensive policies that can benefit all sectors of society,” the release said.

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page 23

Fourth generation farmer looks forward to growing and maintaining family business By Liz Jacobsen Corwin Tonn of Preeceville comes from a line of at least four generations of farmers who faced and overcame many challenges keeping the family farm alive. Corwin has evolved the family farm from his greatgrandfather Ertmann Tonn’s few acres to the 7,300 acres, he now farms. Ertmann and Anna Tonn with their nine children, came to the Waler district in the fall of 1920, because due to drought and poor crops, they decided to move from Humboldt to the Waler district in Preeceville area. In 1934, Tonn’s grandparents, Eddie and Alice Tonn followed in Ertmann’s footsteps and purchased some land from William Keeler in Preeceville. In 1949, the couple purchased a farm from Hilton Oxley and established a permanent home. Ed and Alice retired in 1972 to Preeceville, and their son Allan and wife Sharon took over the farm. Allan and Sharon retired in 2003, when their son Corwin took over the operation. At a young age Corwin was involved in all operations of the family farm with the help of his father. Prior to taking over the farm, Corwin had attended the University of Saskatchewan, but he always knew that

Corwin Tonn of Preeceville was photographed checking his field of canola.

farming would be his life’s passion. Before he started farming full time, Corwin worked with Cargill in numerous departments and locations throughout Saskatchewan, gaining valuable agriculture knowledge. He gained experience by working at John Deere for a short period of time which has been a benefit to his farm operation. Corwin has his agriculture certificate, Certified Crop Advisor certification and specializes in agronomy. “I started as a general labourer and moved my way up in the corporation with Cargill to a crop input sales representative,” said Tonn. “I worked numerous years with Cargill before the pull of the farm called me back.” Corwin’s parents were ready to retire and it was an easy decision to quit working and return home to his true passion of farming. Corwin saw a new vision for the farm and added a new sense of thinking to the operation. “I love farming and never regretted my decision to return home to follow my dream. “I look forward to getting up every morning and facing each day as a new challenge. “Harvest time is my favourite time of the crop year. It is great to see our team’s hard work pay off.” Continued on Page 24

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Page 24

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

Corwin Tonn

Fourth generation farmer Continued from Page 23 Tonn currently farms 7,300 acres of land which consists of cereal, legumes and oilseeds. He is very interested in trying new varieties, learning new concepts of farm practices and trying new ways of doing things to make the farm a growing business. C o r w i n ’s o p e r a t i o n consists of two full-time, valuable farm managers who are imperative to the success of the operation, with some seasonal help during the busy times. Wi t h a g r e a t t e a m

working side by side, the family farm operation is able to run and be a success, he said. “Like all farmers, despite some setbacks, we have overcome the issues and became improved and more knowledgeable farmers. “I firmly believe that what I learned through working at Cargill and John Deere helped me become a better-educated farmer. The information, valuable knowledge and contacts I gained, have helped me understand and be able to grow with

Harvest time at Corwin Tonn’s farm is a big business. the changing times. “If it wasn’t for my grandparents and parents who started building the farm, I wouldn’t be able

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to be the farmer I am today.” Tonn also has a trucking business that keeps him busy through the entire year. He is a supporter of the community and volunteers with various organizations and events. He is a Preeceville Volunteer Fire Department member and a Preeceville RM councillor for Division 1. As part of his volunteering, he has been involved in the seeding of the corn maze and canola plots used as a fundraiser for the Preeceville Skating Arena. “The future looks bright and I am focused on growing and maintaining the family farm,” said Tonn. “And can’t wait to see what the future has in store.” More photos on Page 25

Corn was one of the numerous crops that Corwin Tonn has tried to grow in the Preeceville area.

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page 25

Corwin Tonn

Fourth generation farmer

Harvest time is currently in full swing for Corwin Tonn.

A photograph was taken from the tractor as harvest went into full swing at the Corwin Tonn farm.

• • • • • • • • •

Corwin Tonn of Preeceville owns a trucking business along with farming 7,300 acres.

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Page 26

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

Changing farm stress to farm success By Rachel Kraynick, P.Ag Farm Business Management Specialist It’s not the load that breaks you down, but it’s the way you carry it! Although farming is a very rewarding occupation, it is also one of the most stressful. The workload on most farms shows clear seasonal variations. Spring and fall are particularly busy with seeding and harvest. Calving season can be equally hectic and winter can bring its own unique set of problems. It is typical for stress levels to increase during the busy season which can bring on an array of issues but did you know that Saskatchewan has a Farm Stress Line? Calls to the Farm Stress Line are answered by Mobile Crisis Services, a non-profit, community based agency providing crisis intervention services in Saskatchewan since 1974.

RACHEL KRAYNICK All calls are free and confidential (there is no call display) and they are available 24-seven. If you’re experiencing any symptoms of stress, you can call the Farm Stress Line at 1-800667-4442. The Farm Stress Line can help by clarifying the problem or concern and work with you toward a solution, they can connect you with the appropriate organization, professional or program that best suits your needs and they will listen and support you in a safe,

neutral and non-judgmental environment. Some of the program areas that the crisis counsellors can help with include mental health (stress, depression, suicidal thoughts), domestic violence, teen parent conflict, seniors abuse and neglect, relationships, parenting, addiction, grief, custody, child abuse and neglect, youth issues (school, relationship with peers and parents) and financial issues. It is important to understand the difference between “stress” and “stressors.” Stress is how we react to the demands that are placed upon us and stressors refer to the demands encountered. Stressors are outside us and are typically impossible to control, avoid or change. Stress is inside, which means you are in control of how to react to the situation.

As Thomas Monson said, “We may not be able to control the wind, but we can adjust our sails.” Saskatchewan’s Farm Stress Line released a report in 2017 stating that the top three farm issues identified by producers were: financial concerns related to debt and cash flow; crops/livestock issues, and succession planning. Other examples of potential stressors include things like weather, work overload, people or even keeping up with new technology. Successful stress management suggests that there are numerous things you can do to mitigate or manage the impact of potential stressors. For example, we can’t control the weather we can implement on farm risk management strategies, such as enrolling in insurance programs, to protect the farm from devastating crop loss. Proper planning

and goal setting in the areas of business strategy, financial, marketing, production economics, human resources, succession, environment and/or business structures is another way to mitigate stress. When you fail to plan, you plan to fail. Goals provide the energy for motivating our behaviour. Without goals, life becomes an endless treadmill. Using professional consultants to help you properly plan in the areas stated above can give you a sense of control and preparedness for the farm future state. Staying informed and knowledgeable is another avenue to strive for minimizing stress in your life. Finally learn to incorporate fun and laughter where you can. Maintaining a sense of optimism about the future and by placing things into perspective can provide comfort when faced with

stressful situations. It’s proven that stress has an intimate relationship to many illnesses. Prolonged stress can lower your immune system and make you more susceptible to a wide range of illnesses. Stress can also cause illness indirectly by altering a person’s behavior patterns (i.e. increased alcohol consumption, smoking). Besides going for regular checkups, eating properly, plenty of exercise and getting a good night’s sleep, it is important to recognize your limits and learn to say “no” to prevent overextending yourself. If you would like more information on changing farm stress to farm success, call your local Farm Business Management Specialist or our Ag Knowledge Centre at 1-866-457-2377. Wishing all producers a safe and stress free harvest!

Look beyond the farm gate at harvest By Cam Dahl, President of Cereals Canada A producer asked me a few weeks ago, “why do others care about my farming practices?” And then asked, “isn’t it only my bottom line that suffers if I do something that hurts my yield or quality?” These are two important questions. The value chain is becoming more and more integrated over time. This means that the actions of one player can impact entire markets. This is true for farmers as well as crop developers, shippers and processors.

What happens on the farm extends well beyond the farm’s gate. Canada has a strong reputation for consistently delivering safe, high quality grain to our customers both here at home as well as off shore. Farmers have built this brand over many years. High quality safe food brand elements are growing in importance over time. We can build on this reputation further by following key best management practices. The Canadian grain industry, including farmers, depends on this reputation to gain access to international markets. Every

part of the value chain must do all that it can to preserve this hard-won recognition. Individual farmers play a critical role in preserving the “Canada brand.” Pesticide residues are one aspect of grain safety that is of growing concern for our customers. Grain shipments are being scrutinized more and at ever increasing levels of rigour. Testing can now occur at parts per billion or even parts per trillion. What is a part per trillion? Think of this as one square inch in 250 square miles. Continued on Page 27

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page 27

The new kid in commercial-scale prairie ag equipment brings a new paint colour and maybe a cheque book By Ron Lyseng Winnipeg bureau The Western Producer Not only are we seeing more orange machines on the Prairies lately, but we’re also seeing bigger orange machines, as Kubota continues making a bigger footprint on prairie farms. Kubota rented a large chunk of real estate at the recent Ag in Motion show, which it needed to show off its stuff to the 26,000

farmers who attended the farm show near Langham. The move from smallscale horticulture and yard equipment to big broad acre farm machinery is p a r t o f a v e r y d e l i b e rate strategy, according to Kubota’s Don McClughan. “Kubota is taking the stance that we want to become more involved in dryland farming, so we’re introducing new machines in the hay lineup and the l a rg e t r a c t o r c a t e g o r y,

where we now have tractors up to 170 horsepower,” said McClughan. That will not continue to be its highest horsepower tractor, he added. Rather than start from scratch developing its own line of haying equipment, Kubota bought a N o r w e g i a n c o m p a n y. Kvernaland has been designing and manufacturing high-end farm equipment for European farmers since the 1800s. After

the purchase, Kvernaland engineers quickly turned their attentions to designing Kubota forage equipment appropriate for North American growers. “Our new BV4580 baler is a five-by-six baler, and it’s brand new this summer,” McClughan said. “It’s based on the same design as our other balers, but larger. Five by six is the popular size for big round balers in Western Canada, so we made sure

Look beyond the farm gate at harvest Continued from Page 26 Fortunately, there are easy steps to follow to ensure that Canadian shipments remain well below maximum residue limits. When it comes to pesticide application, including fall application, the key message is “follow the label.” It is critically important for farmers and their staff to know and understand what is on the label for every product they apply. There are no conditions where it is acceptable to not follow the label. There are two important elements of the label that require special attention this time of year – applying too early and applying too late. Some products, like glyphosate, should not be applied while the crop is too green. For example, the label for glyphosate indicates that application should not occur for wheat if the seeds are 30 per cent moisture or higher. And yes, this does include the low spots that are greener than the rest of the field. This application requirement is science-based and not arbitrary. Below this moisture level the seeds are physiologically mature and the plant is no longer putting down starch and protein. The possibility of residues is therefore minimized.

Glyphosate is of particular interest because it has come under fire from those who do not support the use of pesticides for any reason. Farmers’ rigorous adherence to the science-based label will help blunt the criticism of the activists and keep this important product in our toolbox for years to come. Each product label also has a pre-harvest interval. This is the amount of time required in between pesticide application and harvest. All applicators and staff should be aware of the pre-harvest interval included on the label of each product applied this fall. Ensuring that combining does not occur within the pre-harvest interval is a vital best management practice that will help minimize the potential for residues. Building on our strong reputation is the responsibility of every part of the value chain, beginning with crop developers through to exporters and processors. Individual producers can’t control everything that goes into our international reputation but they do have a critical role to play on key grain safety issues. Working together we grow the Canadian brand, ensure we preserve the high-value markets we have today and open new doors for Canadian production.

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we had a machine to fit that market. “It’s a fixed chamber baler that does either net wrap or twine wrap. It seems to be priced right at $58,000 because we’ve sold quite a number of them already this summer.” He said Kubota has a full line of utility vehicles that have always sold well to farmers. It recently introduced two skid steer models that are appropriately sized for farm use: one at 65 h.p. and the other at 75 h.p. “Stay tuned because we’ll be making more moves in the tractor business and other areas as well where we can supply machines to fit a specific niche,” he said. “The global population is growing, and farmers will grow food to meet that need, and Kubota is part of that.” It’s impossible to listen to McClughan’s comments without calling up that rumour that’s been floating around Western Canada about some sort of merger or partnership between Kubota and Versatile. The logic is that if Kubota wants to become a major player in broad acre

farming, it must have a line of appropriate big-size equipment. It makes more sense to buy into a broad acre implement manuf a c t u r e r, a s i t d i d w i t h Kvernaland, than to set up a new engineering team and start from scratch. Conveniently, the top end of the Kubota equipment lineup fits almost perfectly with the bottom end of the Versatile lineup. A merger or purchase of some sort would create a new company that could o ff e r p r o d u c e r s o n t h e northern Plains and the Prairies virtually any machine they might need. The purchase of Great Plains equipment of Salina, Kansas, last spring means the company now has tillage and seeding tools that it doesn’t have tractors big enough to pull. “We’ve heard those stories before, and of course w e d o n ’ t k n o w w h a t ’s going to happen in the future. Certainly that decision would be made at a much higher level,” said McClughan. “But you know, we’re a l w a y s l o o k i n g . We ’ r e always exploring to find opportunities in dryland farming, so who knows.”

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Page 28

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

Drought-proof canola remains elusive By Robert Arnason Brandon bureau The Western Producer Modern canola hybrids yield more, are resistant to diseases such as clubroot and blackleg and their pods are less likely to shatter when straight combined. However, the specific trait that many canola growers needed this year does not exist: tolerance for heat and drought. It’s possible, thanks to better genetics, that the latest canola hybrids are more tolerant of 30 C temperatures and dry topsoil than previous varieties. However, that’s difficult to know for certain, said Justine Cornelsen, an agronomist with the Canola Council of Canada. “Right now I think we struggle with a good way to measure that (trait) in varieties,” Cornelsen said. “We kind of just do observations. This variety performed really well in a dry year, compared to the rest. But you’re going to have other factors at play. Was it because of the heat

or the moisture (that) was causing this one to out-perform the others? We don’t really know.” It’s been smoking hot and dry in many regions of Western Canada this summer, particularly in Saskatchewan. Regina recorded only 1.8 mm of rain in July and temperatures regularly topped 30 C. Hundreds of canola crops have suffered in the scorching conditions. Heat blast and lack of moisture will cut into yields. “I think I kind of have a rough handle on what it will look like, and that is that canola is probably the hardest hit of the crops,” said Lyle Stewart, Saskatchewan Agriculture Minister, in July. “It’s surprising it’s as good as it is, but I think it’s maybe half a crop.” Blaine Woychesin, crop manager for canola with Bayer CropScience, said hybrid canola is likely more tolerant of heat stress and drought than the old, open-pollinated varieties.

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However, Bayer doesn’t have data showing that one particular hybrid has more heat and drought tolerance than others. “Ours would all be very similar…. Your biggest difference might be a early maturing hybrid versus a longer maturity hybrid,” he said. “If you have an early maturing hybrid and it’s done flowering (earlier) before the drought, you might be better (off) than a long-season or mid-maturity one.” Data comparing the drought and heat tolerance of canola hybrids doesn’t exist because it’s a hard thing to test for in the field. As well, it’s harder to point to drought tolerance genetics as the reason for better yield because the interaction with soil conditions and the microclimate within the canola canopy is complex. “The environment and the conditions you would have to have to test that would have to be ideal between the different varieties … to see that A is doing better than C,” said Anastasia Kubinec, manager of crop industry development with Manitoba Agriculture. Kubinec said all plants have the ability to self-cool. If it can access enough moisture, the crop can stay cooler than the outside temperature. As a result, growers can make agronomic decisions, such as seeding rate and target plant populations, which may help canola stay cooler during drought or periods of extreme heat. “That’s where we get into … better canopy closure, better conditions for that actual growth and development … so the plant can self-cool,” she said. “Genetics takes you so far. Then, it’s how that crop is working as a crop and combatting some of those stresses.” It would be great to have drought tolerant canola because nearly every year there’s a region of the Prairies that suffers through extreme heat or lack of moisture, Woychesin said. However, getting such a trait to market might be challenging. “There are ways we can look at it … but a genetically modified route would probably be a way you’d be looking for it,” he said. “That means as far as regulating it, to get it registered, would be very difficult in the (regulatory) environment we have today.” Kubinec said drought and heat are the dominant concerns for canola growers this year, but recent history shows that other stressers cause more yield loss. “I think there (are) much bigger issues that canola seed developers are dealing with, like disease tolerance,” she said. “If you look at a 10-year span, we’re probably losing most of our canola yield to disease. It’s not to heat stress…. Blackleg and clubroot are taking more of our yield than I would say heat is.” GROUP

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2017 M & A Billy Equipment has been looking after Canora customers for over half a century

Section B A supplement to The Canora Courier, Preeceville Progress and Kamsack Times Week of September 10, 2017

Page B2

Pelly resident with large collection of chainsaws shares his interest in small engine equipment at museum functions Page B13

Feeding birds one seed at a time Page B20

Filling the truck with wheat The combine unloaded a full hopper of wheat into a waiting grain truck. See more photos on pages B23 and B24.

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Page B2

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

M & A Billy Equipment has been looking after Canora customers for over half a century By Rocky Neufeld Along with his father Metro, Alex Billy started M & A Billy Equipment in Canora back in 1963. After 54 years of serving customers from in and around Canora, he has decided to put the business up for sale. Billy grew up in the Burgis district, about six miles south of Canora. At the age of 17 he joined the work force in Canora, first at Reliance Farm Equipment, an International Harvester (IH) farm equipment dealer, and then at a Ford dealership. His father Metro worked as a grain buyer until they decided to become business partners, and the result was M & A Billy Equipment. Metro was involved in the business with his son for about nine or 10 years. In October 1974, a fire burned the business to the ground. But Billy said even though it was quite a shock, he always expected to rebuild the operation. He re-opened the business in 1975, in a new building at the same location as the original. Initially the business

After being a fixture in the Canora business community for over half a century, Alex Billy has decided it’s time to sell M & A Billy Equipment. was an IH dealership, selling farm equipment and trucks, a relationship which continued for over 20 years, he said. In 1984 IH was purchased by the company which owned Case farm equipment, and just like that, Billy became a Case dealer. But in 1987 Case closed a number of

dealerships, including his, so Billy was on his own. He was ready for the next step, and that same year he became a dealer for Morris Industries based in Yorkton, a relationship which lasted until the early 1990s. Since then, Billy has provided service and parts for most models and

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makes of farm machinery through shortline suppliers including Westward Parts, Westfield Industries, Bearing & Transmission, Motion Industries and Modern Power Products. After well over 50 years in business, Billy said he has thoroughly enjoyed dealing with farmers and giving them the best

service possible. During busy seasons such as seeding and harvest when farmers were working long hours, Billy would also work well beyond the normal eight-hour business days. The farm equipment business has become computerized for the most part, but he still prefers his own

system of keeping records on cards. Billy said his chosen career has given him plenty of satisfaction. He is proud of many of his past employees, including some who have gone on to start up their own successful businesses. Even though he had a busy working life, Billy has always been a devoted family man, with wife Cynthia, daughter Debbie and son David, who worked part-time for his father while attending school in Canora in the late 1970s. Now that he has passed his 84th birthday, Billy has recognized that it might be time to slow down, which is why he put up the ‘for sale’ sign on the business. He firmly believes that it could continue to be a thriving business for a new owner, with plenty of potential for expansion, especially in the shop area. Always ready to help out, Billy said he is quite willing stay on for a while after the sale and do what he can to help the new owner get off to a good start. More photos on pages B3 and B4


Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page B3

M&A BILLY

EQUIPMENT LTD.

International Harvester Company Representative George Kirk (left) visited Alex Billy at the new M & A Equipment operation in 1963.

The original M & A Billy Equipment building was opened for business in 1963, and is seen here as it was in 1968.

While attending school in Canora in the late 1970s, David Billy worked at M. & A. Billy Equipment for his father.

After an untimely fire destroyed the original M. & A. Billy Equipment building in October of 1974, the business rebuilt on the same site and opened the new building in 1975.

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Page B4

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

M&A BILLY

EQUIPMENT LTD.

In 1979, Alec Billy inspected his lineup of International trucks to make sure they were ready for customers.

Feast on the Range 2.0 - A Harvest Celebration

In a 1968 picture, Alex Billy checked out a new IH 403 combine with son David and daughter Debbie.

The Cypress Hills Destination Area is once again hosting a long table dinner event on September 23, with this year â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s focus on the ranching and farming communities of Saskatchewanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s southwest, said a release from the group. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Last yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s event was focused on Western culture,â&#x20AC;? said Gail Kesslar, executive director. â&#x20AC;&#x153;It was

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held on a cliff overlooking the Alberta side of the Cypress Hills on The Historic Reesor Ranch, and in addition to featuring amazing food, some of which was gathered in the Cypress Hills, it also featured beverage pairings, musical entertainment, and cowboy poetry delivered from horseback by poet Scott Reesor.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;It was an amazing afternoon, with perfect weather. So amazing that we were a little worried to try and host another one, because it will be an event that is hard to beat.â&#x20AC;? The inspiration for this yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s long table dinner came directly from To u r i s m S a s k a t c h e w a n itself in the form of a video titled Community that was released in 2015, which showed a group gathering near a red barn, to connect, share great food, and dance under a starry Saskatchewan sky. â&#x20AC;&#x153;As soon as I saw that video, I thought â&#x20AC;&#x153;sign me up, where can I have that experience? â&#x20AC;&#x153;So, when I heard it wasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t an actual tourism experience, but one that just showcased the essence of community that exists here in Saskatchewan, I thought, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I want to create that experience,â&#x20AC;&#x2122; explained Kesslar. This year â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s event will be held at the site of the Pioneer Community Hall, a community-built building that was erected in 1921 where weddings, annual sports days, dances and suppers have taken place throughout the years, said the release. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a site that really encapsulates what weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re trying to showcase, a place

where people have gathered for nearly a century to celebrate their community,â&#x20AC;? said Kesslar. Planned for a site midway between the towns of Gull Lake and Shaunavon, the dinner itself will be located just behind the building, in the yard that is protected on two sides by large hedges. Catering this yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s dinner will be Chef Garrett â&#x20AC;&#x153;Rustyâ&#x20AC;? Thienes, of Harvest Eatery and Fresh Market fame, who a year ago won the Gold Medal Plates Regina competition, and whose name is becoming synonymous with preparing some of the best food in Saskatchewan and beyond. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I havenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t yet seen the full menu,â&#x20AC;? says Kesslar, â&#x20AC;&#x153;but I know that Chef Thienes has told me he is going to prepare a fourcourse menu with four beverage pairings that will â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;blow peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s minds,â&#x20AC;&#x2122;â&#x20AC;? said Kesslar. â&#x20AC;&#x153;So, Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m very excited to see what he is dreaming up.â&#x20AC;? The evening will also feature live music performed by a five-piece band, and a dance floor to dance the night away. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The event takes place between 4 p.m. and 8 p.m.â&#x20AC;? said Kesslar, â&#x20AC;&#x153;so, it will be starting to just get dark, and in addition to lighting up the event, weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve got a couple of other surprises for people as the sun sets,â&#x20AC;? said Kesslar. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve also paired up with Pattison Agriculture which will be bringing in some of its machinery to highlight for people the changing face of agriculture in todayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s world. Many people have never even seen a combine up close.â&#x20AC;?


Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page B5

Big, brutish and red, but it’s not Case or Versatile By Ron Lyseng Winnipeg bureau The Western Producer There were plenty of red tractors at the Ag in Motion farm show, but one particular red tractor stood out because of the identifying decals it wore: K744 MTZ-Kirovets.

Built in Russia, the K744 was brought to the show by importer Russ Douglas of R.D. Sales in Wadena. Douglas, who has been importing, repairing and dealing in Belarus and other Russian-built farm equipment for decades, has been the official Kirovets distributor in

Blackleg in ruminants By Dr. Ellen Amundsen-Case Kamsack Veterinary Clinic Clostridial bacteria cause several diseases t h a t a ff e c t r u m i n a n t s , including cattle, sheep, goats, bison, and deer. The most common are known as blackleg, tetanus, malignant edema, r e d w a t e r, b l a c k d i s ease (infectious necrotic hepatitis), enterotoxemia, overeating disease (clostridium perfringens D), and botulism. Clostridium is anaerobic, which means that it develops rapidly only in the absence of oxygen. Spores are very resistant to destruction by heat, cold, drying, or chemical disinfectant, and can remain viable in the soil for decades. Outbreaks may occur following excavations or after flooding, which brings spores to the surface. When pastures are short, such as during conditions of drought or overcrowding, risk of exposure is increased. Livestock grazing close to the soil are more likely to swallow or to inhale soil born organisms including blackleg, anthrax, coccidiosis, and even organisms which do not cause disease under more favourable circumstances. The blackleg organism is usually ingested by the animal, enters the blood, and is deposited into muscle. It may enter small cuts or punctures in the skin, but disease can develop without any history of wounds to the animal. Large cuts or open wounds are not

favourable for its growth due to the presence of oxygen. In cattle, bruising or excessive exercise will increase risk. In sheep, blackleg is usually associated with shearing, tail docking, castration, ewes at lambing, navel ill, or injury. Sheep may be affected at any age. Cattle as young as newborn, or as old as 12 years, may be affected. However, in the bovine it is most common in six to 24-monthold individuals. Vaccination is the only way to effectively control blackleg. It is recommended to vaccinate calves between two and three months of age. All ruminants less than two years of age should have a vaccination or booster prior to turn out to pasture. A booster in the fall before entrance to the feedlot is necessary. Annual boosters about one month before calving or lambing will give o ff s p r i n g s o m e i n i t i a l protection, however all young sheep, goats, and calves should be vaccinated before turn out. Most individuals with blackleg are found dead. In early cases, large doses of antibiotics may be effective, but very few affected animals survive. Death occurs within 12 to 48 hours after onset of illness. Initially there is a fever, but by the time clinical signs become obvious, body temperature may be normal or below normal. Signs include loss of appetite, no stomach activity, rapid respiration, lameness, tremors, and inability to stand. Swelling of muscle tissue due to gas accumulation

produced by the bacteria is characteristic of clostridia. When pressure is applied to these areas, gas can be felt moving while producing a crackling sound under the skin. Affected tissue may be dark and have a sweet rancid odour. However, absence of such swellings does not rule out blackleg. If an outbreak is suspected, the producer should contact his or her veterinarian in order to make an accurate diagnosis and initiate a proper treatment plan. In an outbreak, the veterinarian may recommend that all animals in the herd receive immediate vaccination and follow-up boosters. Remember that vaccine is a preventive and not a curative agent. It is useless to vaccinate an individual after the symptoms of blackleg have developed. The veterinarian may also recommend that all susceptible individuals be treated with antibiotics to prevent further losses. Losses may continue for about 14 days until the animals develop sufficient immunity against the disease. Carcass disposal is important after an outbreak. If possible bury carcasses deeply where they lie. Do not drag carcasses across the pasture, contaminating more ground. Such contamination may cause further losses, perhaps after a lapse of many years. For more information, or if you suspect an outbreak, please contact your local veterinarian.

Kamsack Veterinary Clinic

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Western Canada for three years. “This is a combination German and Russian tractor. It’s got a 428 horsepower Mercedes diesel in what was previously known as a Belarus tractor. It’s built at the Kirovets factory in St. Petersburg,” he said. “Hydraulic capacity is 80 gallons and you have your choice of three different shaft sizes. This one has a Tier 3 engine. We’d have more tractors sold by now if we had the Tier 4 engines. We’ll soon be getting the Tier 4.” Douglas said four such demo tractors have been brought to North America. His K744 made its debut at Ag in Motion last year and has since done field demonstrations from Manitoba to British Columbia. He said the K744 addresses some of the concerns prairie farmers have had

with Belarus in the past, especially parts availability. “The company, MTZ, still brings in parts for those older Belarus tractors,” Douglas said. “That’s been the majority of my business in recent years.” The tractor comes standard with automatic differential locks and partial power shift. The transmission has 16 forward gears, eight reverse gears and six ranges. Planetary reduction gears are located out at the wheels. The chassis has leaf spring suspension. An air shifter means there’s no cab vibrations through a direct connection to the gearbox. The drawbar is rated for 11,000 pounds. Oil changes are at 600 hour intervals. A rubber track version is optional.

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Page B6

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

Managing stored grain By Lyndon Hicks, PAg Regional Crops Specialist, Yorkton Regional Services Branch There a number of factors that contribute to how well grain stores until it is delivered to the customer. Producers are familiar with the factors such as moisture content and grain temperature. One factor that is often neglected is the size of storage bins that we currently use and its potential impact on storage problems. It was not that long ago that the average bin size was 3,000 bushels or smaller. Now 5,000-7,000 bushel

bins are most common with many even larger up to 80,000-plus bushels. This increase in bin size increases the potential for storage problems related to moisture migration in particular. Bins with a smaller diameter may cool rapidly and have reduced potential for moisture migration to occur. Meanwhile, larger diameter bins are likely going to have a larger temperature differential that may lead to increased moisture migration creating problems with moulds and insects. It is not uncommon for larger bins

LYNDON HICKS to have grain temperatures in the centre that have not changed much since harvest, even though outside air temperatures are close to freezing. Hopefully this fall all the grain goes into the bin

in ideal conditions but it seems every year that some areas will have grain that is marginally dry and hotter or cooler than hoped for. The normally recommended management practices still apply: Manage the amount of foreign material (ex. green weeds) going into the bins at filling. Accumulations of these are often the start of storage problems. Cool grain down to within five degrees Celsius of the outside air temperature as quickly as possible. This equalizes the temperature

within the bin and can be accomplished through operation of aeration systems or moving grain. As outside temperatures decrease you may wish to cool again until the entire mass is close to zero degrees C for storage through the winter. 10 degrees C and cooler is approximately the temperature when insect activity stops. When grain temperatures are above 10 degrees C, monitor on weekly basis for changes in grain temperature. Pay particular attention to the larger bins or bins with

marginally dry grain. The following charts show safe storage for wheat and canola. Take note to the relationship between moisture levels and temperature for each of the crops. Safe storage charts for all crops can be viewed at https:// www.grainscanada.gc.ca/ storage-entrepose/ssg-deeng.htm. For more information on managing stored grain one may contact your local Regional Crops Specialist or contact the Agriculture Knowledge Centre at 1-866-457-2377.

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Safe Storage Chart for Canola Canola: spoilage occurs when initial temperature ranges from 10oC to 50oC with respective moisture from 12% to 7% moisture content.

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page B7

FNA calls farm profitability key to national food policy Farmers of North America (FNA) in a written release welcomed the federal government’s decision to extend consultations on the proposed National Food Policy, noting however that farmers are in harvest, with little opportunity to participate. A National Food Policy must recognize farm profitability as a necessary precondition for success; address lack of competitive markets for farm inputs, directly target anti-competitive p r a c t i c e s ; d e m a n d e ff i c i e n c y a n d transparency in regulatory processes, insist all relevant evidence be part of decision-making, that repeating work conducted in credible jurisdictions end; allocate costs for government mandates to the government; compensate farmers for contributions to the policy’s goals including environmental stewardship, and create a new aggressive posture for Canadian trade relations, ensuring that Canadian farmers are championed when trading partners are not playing by the rules. Noting that much of the food policy discussion addresses issues other than farm profitability, FNA supports any consensus positions of general farm organizations, including CFA, commodity groups and livestock associations, said a release from FNA. However, FNA also insists that a National Food Policy cannot be successful if it does not include actions or plans to maximize farm profitability. “The themes of the current consultation are fine, quite general and strongly weighted toward non-economic questions,” said Bob Friesen, vice-president of Government Affairs. Meanwhile the federal government announced a new Agriculture Policy

Framework, distinct from the food policy, that does address some economic considerations, the release said. FNA welcomes the commitment to continue to develop private sector solutions for better risk management for farmers, recognizing the contribution to the FNAled MarketPower Assurance Program. “Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada is already actively supporting risk management initiatives and that is to be commended,” said James Mann, FNA president. FNA remains concerned about a set of “mission-critical” policy areas that are not included in the national food policy consultation nor in the new APF, it said. FNA believes that Maximizing Farm Profitability must be a key focus of any national food policy, and be explicitly noted as a requisite driver for the other elements of the policy to have any hope of real success. “Note we are not talking about government subsidies or handouts of any kind, we are talking about private sector profitability,” Mann said. FNA insists that a successful National Food Policy means ensuring farmers experience competitive markets for their input costs not just predatory markets on both ends of the supply chain. A food policy may not be the best place to tackle oligarchic markets but it is necessary that it recognizes anti-competitive conditions damage Canada’s ability to achieve the goals of the Policy, it said. It should also include a mechanism or statement of intent to address competitive issues going forward. Addressed directly in the food policy or a process launched as an objective of that policy, success means creating enforceable competition laws that punish

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proof of anti-competitive behaviour rather than requiring proof of harm. With one of the weakest competition law systems, the analogy would be making attempted murder legal, so long as you don’t succeed in killing the victim. The recent decision allowing a crop protection oligarchy is testament to how weak Canada’s system remains. Some elements of the food policy consultation suggest a risk of worsening an already-unacceptable regulatory environment. A policy that recognizes farm profitability is foundational to achieving the goals of sustainability, affordability, access, health and environmental benefits, and so on, will also recognize that regulatory powers must be used sensibly, not to build bureaucratic empires.

Declaring a decision is “evidencebased” totally disregards the reality that there are human beings deciding what evidence to consider and what evidence to ignore, what processes satisfy them and what processes they find inconvenient. “ We c a n n o t p r e t e n d t h e p h r a s e ‘evidence-based’ is neutral when excellent evidence from other jurisdictions is excluded, costing our farmers hundreds of millions of dollars in unnecessary costs,” the release said. A successful, sustainable National Food Policy also means compensating farmers for their substantial contributions to environmental security including biodiversity, carbon sequestration, erosion prevention, water management and more. Continued on Page B8

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Page B8

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

Supercluster team recommends pan-Canadian platform for agrifood value chain innovation

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What do a global satellite communications corporation, a crop nutrients and fertilizer ompany and an agriculture college have in common? F o r C a n a d a ’s M D A , Agrium and Olds College, all have something significant to contribute through innovation to the way Canadians enjoy the food they eat and the various products exported beyond our borders -- from even before it’s planted to the time it arrives on consumers’ plates. The three are among the diverse groups and individuals joining forces to accelerate agrifood innovation efforts through a unique collaboration framework. The initiative is intended to better harness the effects of innovation investment working collectively between industry, government and researchers. It’s also unique in that it is intended to create a panCanadian platform to help the sector’s diverse, and sometimes disparate, “silos” align more coherently to identify and resolve challenges in the agrifood value chain. While the Smart AgriFood Super Cluster (SASC) is administered from the Calgary region, it encompasses partners across Canada, recently wrapped several weeks of intense collaboration to pull together a proposal for the federal government’s innovation supercluster program. The

program, announced in the March budget, created a $950-million fund to which groups across the country have submitted “letters of intent” describing their various approaches to innovation. SASC steering committee members approached innovation from a systems perspective, in order to create a Canada-wide platform to help link together key nodes and expertise in the country’s agrifood value chain, noted Bill Whitelaw, committee chair. “We felt it important to create something that constructively brings together all the players that comprise the ways we do farming and food,” he noted. “Our approach is intended to resolve some of the fragmentation dynamics that often hinder innovation efforts. Even as part of our proposal process, we had wonderful conversations with other cluster initiatives.” The supercluster concept, already used in the United Kingdom and Europe, is intended to help Canada develop more effective approaches to innovation by identifying and working through “pinch points” and bottlenecks that currently impair efficiency, added Whitelaw. The federal government’s supercluster policy thrust is a direct result of guidance supplied to the federal cabinet from an external economic advisory council created to

suggest ways of rethinking various aspects of the Canadian economy to help the country remain competitive globally. The supercluster program is administered by the federal Innovation, Science and Economic Development department. Groups from across the economy submitted intent letters mid-summer. Preliminary announcements as to which groups will be selected are expected sometime in the fall. SASC’s “platform approach” is intended to accommodate innovation efforts in cropping, livestock, digital and agrifood processing technologies. Via those pillars, it also seeks to link companies, not-for-profits, research organizations and post-secondary institutions from coast to coast in a way that creates new employment, global export opportunities and safer and more sustainable food production. If invited to the program’s full proposal stages, the pillars will be the basis on which specific projects are initiated, Whitelaw noted. “Ottawa would like to see innovation as the driving force that significantly improves Canada’s already strong ag and food leadership position globally,” said Whitelaw. “Moving the country upward in global export rankings could create billions of new economic impact.”

FNA calls farm profitability key to national food policy Continued from Page B7 It means allocating costs for community decisions to the community and not burdening a single group with those costs. So, if the government (community) decides new reporting should be required, then the government should pay for the cost of that new reporting. There has been little to no acknowledgment of the growing cost to farmers of delivering on community-decreed policies. Yet there is an expectation that farmers will embrace ever more encumbrances at the expense of their own families, to satisfy the

social or political objectives of particular activists who get the government’s ear. Finally, a successful National Food Policy means being an international trade law leader rather than always being the accused. National food policy should include an aggressive program of going after trade cheaters as their actions reduce food security, availability and affordability. Trade cheating by the United States or Europe also contributes to degrading the environment as poorer nations respond by weakening their regulatory structures to offset the unfair trade.

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page B9

Top 10 signs that you might need a beef nutritionist By Naomi Paley Regional Livestock Specialist Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture, Yorkton For the first time in several years, this summer has been one for the record books in terms of warm weather and sunshine. That also means that most of the hay and forage in the east region of the province was cut and baled in early July and without a drop of rain on it. Even though yields might be lower than normal, it’s likely going to mean better quality. But as they say, the proof will be in the pudding! Nothing is certain until a feed test is done to know what we are dealing with in terms of forage quality and how we can make it work or stretch it out to keep the cows properly fed through the winter until calving. If you’ve never employed

the services of a beef cattle nutritionist, you likely don’t know what you’re missing out on. This article will highlight some specific indicators that will point you to the fact that working with a beef nutritionist is in your best interest. Paying attention to cow nutrition and having balanced rations will not only save you money but can significantly improve overall health, reproduction and performance in your cow herd. You might need a beef nutritionist if: Your forage crop yield is less than normal and you need to stretch your supplies with straw or buy additional feed. Stretching forage supplies with straw or oat hulls is not rocket science but it does require feed test results and the addition of specific amounts of energy, protein and mineral supplements.

Alternatives to conventional livestock antibiotics being researched By Barbara Duckworth Calgary bureau The Western Producer Alternatives to conventional antibiotics for livestock are being researched on many fronts, but none deliver the same bang for the buck. “There isn’t any yet that is as good as conventional antibiotics,” said Trevor Alexander, an Agriculture Canada researcher at the recent University of Calgary beef health conference. There are also consequences for cutting back on antimicrobials to treat illness. “Livestock producers would have loss of profitability and consumers could see an increase in food prices and a decrease of food security and there could be an erosion of animal welfare,” he said. There is increasing pressure to end the use of growth promoting hormones in beef production, but John McKinnon, beef chair at the University of Saskatchewan, said the consequences wouldn’t be desirable. “To produce the same amount of beef we are going to have to have more cattle and longer feeding periods and a greater environmental footprint,” he said. “If we are going down this road of giving up these technologies, we certainly have to have alternatives in terms of improving productivity.” Scientists are examining possible substitutes for antimicrobials as the public grows more alarmed about the risk of transferring antibiotic resistant bacteria from animals to people. Alexander started to study the issue at the federal

research centre in Lethbridge in 2008. At the time, less than one per cent of bacteria found in feedlot calves were resistant to the active ingredient in Draxxin, a common treatment for bovine respiratory disease. However, increasing resistance had been detected in Alberta feedlots by 2015-16. In the United States, resistance has been found to 10 antibiotics used to treat BRD. Most alternative products are feed additives to enhance digestibility and growth, said Alexander. Scientists are studying plant compounds such as tannins, saponins and essential oils and live organisms such as probiotics and feed enzymes. However, highly variable results were reported under test conditions, and no real improvement in performance has been found. Probiotics introduced to the rumen to enhance digestion are not highly effective because they need to compete with a broad variety of effective micro-organisms. Probiotics may need to be introduced to perform secondary functions such as lactic acid reduction in animals that eat high grain diets. Feed enzymes have the potential to improve digestibility, but responses have been variable. There is increasing interest in finding a way to bind an enzyme to bacillus spores to see if there is an improvement in digestibility because they seem to be able to survive the rumen environment. Continued on Page B10

NAOMI PALEY The TDN (energy) of your forage is less than 55 per cent. Bred cows in good body condition will require a minimum of 55 per cent TDN just to maintain over the winter feeding period. Your cow’s average body condition score is 2.5 or less. Cows with a body condition of 2.5 or less going into winter will require extra feed and energy to get through to calving. In addition, these cows are more likely to have weak calves and will take longer to rebreed. Your calving percentage is lower than 85 per cent (greater than 15 per cent of cows come up open).

Body condition and nutritional status of beef cows has a direct relationship to fertility. When herd fertility is compromised nutrition is the first place to look. Your calving season is six months long. A standard beef production goal is to have at least 60 per cent of the herd become pregnant in the first 21-day cycle of breeding. Cows that are in poor body condition (2.5 or less), on a declining plane of nutrition or are deficient in certain nutrients will not be cycling in a timely manner. The result will be a drawn out calving season and an uneven calf crop. Your water quality is poor or high in sulphates. If you’ve never tested the water source for your livestock, it’s probably one of the most important things you can do next to feed testing. Water quality can make or break the productivity of a beef cow herd affecting everything from weight gain to trace mineral status and ultimately reproductive health. You are confused and overwhelmed at the feed

store when you go to buy minerals. There are likely as many mineral options at the feed store as there are apps for your smart phone, so it is no wonder that many people get a little overwhelmed when it comes time to choose which one is right for their cattle. Ultimately this decision should be made in consultation with your nutritionist. Using the results from your feed and water analysis and taking into account the animals stage of production, the correct choice of either an off the shelf product or custom blended mineral will be made clear. You have feed grain or forage that may contain mycotoxins or ergot. If feed is suspect of having heated or molded there is the potential for the production of mycotoxins to occur. In addition, the presence of ergot in feed grain and forage has been a growing concern. We now have the ability to test for these toxins at PDS Labs in Saskatoon allowing a determination to be made on the feed’s safety.

You plan to keep your calves to background them for a certain rate of gain or marketing date. The decision to keep calves back from market and to feed them until a later date is often times made based on economics and markets. Having the ability to set up a ration plan that will project the costs and predicted gain on your calves will allow you to make informed and profitable decisions. You plan to custom feed cows or calves on contract for a specific gain and cost. Custom feeding cows or calves can be a viable additional enterprise to an operation if the numbers make sense. Designing a ration plan that takes into account the type of cattle and your feed and yardage costs is an absolute necessity before making the decision to custom feed. For more information on beef cattle rations or other livestock questions, contact Naomi Paley, Regional Livestock Specialist at 306768-1686 or the Agriculture Knowledge Centre at 1-866-457-2377.

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Page B10

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

Alternatives to conventional livestock antibiotics being researched

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Continued from Page B9 “There are a lot alternatives that have been proposed to mitigate pathogens, but not very many of them have been investigated in live animals and even fewer have been investigated in cattle,” Alexander said. Treating BRD with probiotics is also under review. The upper respiratory tract is a reservoir of a long list of pathogens that can cause infection under the right conditions. A lot of antibiotic use is intended to stop the process of infection in the upper tract and preventing it from reaching the lower respiratory tract. “The microbiota of the respiratory tract probably acts as a gatekeeper and provides resistance to colonization by respiratory pathogens,” he said. Scientists at Lethbridge are looking at producing nasal probiotics to control diseases such as BRD. Improved management is another way to reduce antibiotic use. Preconditioning calves with vaccinations and low stress handling can be successful, and evidence shows that these animals are less likely to develop respiratory disease later in life. The adoption of

alternatives to growth promoting antibiotics and hormone implants, beta agonists, estrus suppressants and ionophores may force producers to give up feed efficiency and face an increased risk of disease, said McKinnon. Current growth promoting technology is highly effective and when used responsibly leads to production of safe beef in a sustainable manner, but he said there is growing resistance to these products. Despite significant research into alternatives, there are no silver bullets on the horizon to replace current technology and still provide the same levels of efficiency in modern animals. Replacements such as garlic, juniper berry and essential oils derived from coriander, rosemary and cinnamon may also offer antimicrobial benefits so that healthier animals may grow better. A cinnamon byproduct had no effect over an entire feeding period experiment, but there was an improvement in feed intake in the first 21 days of the trial. McKinnon said that is the period when it is hard to get calves eating while arriving at a feedlot, so this may help. Enzymes have a variable response in beef and dairy cattle. The idea is to provide a cocktail of enzymes that can

break down cellulose from more mature forage so cattle get more nutrition. Yeast meant to stimulate rumen bacterial growth, enhances fibre digestion, feed intake and increase rumen pH may help the immune system. It is widely used in the dairy industry for increased milk production, but response in beef cattle has been variable. Other management changes may help with feed efficiency and prevent problems such as live abscesses. Forage levels have decreased in feedlot diets in the last 40 years. A ration contains five to 10 per cent of dry matter today compared to 25 to 30 per cent in the 1970s. “Monensin allowed them to go to 90 per cent concentrate and controlled that variable level of rumen pH,” he said. Concentrated grain diets are linked to higher acid levels in the rumen and variable pH, resulting in liver abscesses, acidosis, laminitis and founder. This can have negative results on animals’ performance with poor gain and decreased dry matter intake. The last Canadian beef quality audit found that almost 10 per cent of livers were classified as severely abscessed and had to be condemned.

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page B11

Saskatchewan applauds trade ruling against Alberta beer mark-up Dustin Duncan, Saskatchewanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s acting minister responsible for trade, is calling a ruling against the Government of Albertaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s system of beer mark-ups a big win for free trade within Canada. A panel set up under the Agreement on Internal Trade confirmed the Alberta governmentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s current rebate program for small Alberta brewers

as well as the program it had in 2015 discriminated against brewers from other provinces and was contrary to that provinceâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s free trade obligations, said a release from the provincial government. The panel has given the Alberta government six months to change its policy. However, the Alberta government is appealing the decision. The appeal process could take

up to seven months. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Our government has been a champion of eliminating trade barriers between the provinces and Albertaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s rebate program has been a de facto barrier,â&#x20AC;? Duncan said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;By contrast, our province provides a graduated mark-up rate for small breweries, regardless of origin, and does not discriminate between Saskatchewan

and out-of-province breweries when applying its mark-up. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The panel decision supports a level playing field for beer, which is good for Alberta consumers and the Canadian craft beer industry generally. We are disappointed Alberta has decided to appeal the ruling. It needs to do the right thing and comply with the ruling.â&#x20AC;?

PAMI corn forage research will provide valuable information for beef producers The Prairie Agricultural Machinery Institute (PAMI) is about halfway through a three-year research project that will close the knowledge gap around corn forage production in Saskatchewan as an economically viable option for feeding cattle. Interest in corn production for silage is growing in the province, said Dr. Joy Agnew, project manager with PAMI Agricultural Research Services, but agronomic recommendations are out of step with new hybrids developed for the provinceâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s particular growing conditions. There is also a lack of information about the cost of corn production compared to other, more traditional silage crops like barley. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Given the high input costs for corn and the slim margins in the beef industry, producers need the most accurate information possible in order to maximize their profitability,â&#x20AC;? said Agnew. The research, which began in the spring of 2016 and is funded by the Ministry of Agricultureâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s CanadaSaskatchewan Growing Forward 2 agreement, the Saskatchewan Cattlemanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association and PAMI, involves seeding different brands of corn at different rates and with different nitrogen fertilizer rates at each site, Agnew explained. The work is being done at five Agri-ARM (Applied Research Management) sites across the province and at PAMIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s test site at Lanigan, she said. Monsanto and Pioneer are supporting the research project by providing seed corn, and Seed Hawk donated a planter. After harvest in each of the three years, forage samples are analyzed for total digestible nitrogen and crude protein, key indicators of feed quality. Tons-per-acre yield data for each seed brand and each seeding and nitrogen rate is also being collected. Although there is still data to come from this year and 2018, Agnew said she is encouraged by what she sees in the results from 2016. â&#x20AC;&#x153;There appear to be some statistically significant trends developing so weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re eager to see the results we get over the next two years so we can do a detailed economic analysis of production costs and the feed value of corn. All of the data will enable us to provide growers with really valuable information about cost-effective

forage production.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Saskatchewan Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association is interested in finding new methods that will help ensure the health and nutrition of our cattle, as well as the economic sustainability of our producers,â&#x20AC;? said Marianne Possberg, beef production specialist, Saskatchewan Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We appreciate the work conducted by PAMI researchers.â&#x20AC;?

In August 2016, the Alberta government moved to one standard beer mark-up of $1.25 per litre regardless of company size, location or level of production. However, that policy change also came with grants to small, Alberta-based producers that effectively offset the new mark-up. Artisan Ales, a Calgarybased beer importer, successfully argued before the panel that the rebate program discriminated against the beer it brought in from other provinces and had a major negative impact on its business. The Saskatchewan government supported Artisan Alesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; complaint as an intervener in the dispute. Saskatoon-based Great Western Brewing

was also concerned about the Alberta governmentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s mark-up policy and preferential rebate program for Alberta-based brewers. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Alberta is a substantial market for our products and its policy clearly puts our business at a competitive disadvantage based solely on the fact we manufacture our products in Saskatoon and not in Edmonton or Calgary,â&#x20AC;? said Michael Micovcin, CEO of Great Western Brewing. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Governmentcreated trade barriers like this hurt business and the overall economy.â&#x20AC;? Duncan noted that the Saskatchewan government will again vigorously defend Canadian interests in an appeal process and he is confident the original ruling will prevail.

SPORTSMAN 570 TRUCKLOAD SALE Offers not applicable in Quebec. *Offers vary by model. Rebate offers valid on select 2014-2017 new and unregistered PolarisÂŽ RZRÂŽ, RANGERÂŽ, SportsmanÂŽ, GeneralÂŽ, and AceÂŽ models purchased between 7/26/179/30/17. Financing offers valid on select 2014-2018 new and unregistered PolarisÂŽ RZRÂŽ, RANGERÂŽ, SportsmanÂŽ, GeneralÂŽ, and AceÂŽ models purchased between 7/26/17- 9/30/17. Maximum rebate of $5,000 applies to the purchase of a new 2017 RZR XP TURBO EPS, and will be deducted from the negotiated selling price before taxes. See your dealer for details. â&#x20AC; Limited time purchase financing offer provided through TD Auto Finance on approved credit, valid on select 2014-2018 new and unregistered models purchased between 7/26/17 and 9/30/17. Representative finance example based on a 2017 RANGER XP 1000 with an MSRP of $17,499. Down payment may be required. $17,499 financed at 3.99% APR with $0 down payment equals $322.19 per month for 60 months. Cost of borrowing is $1,832.51, for a total obligation of $19,331.51. Taxes, license, insurance, registration, freight and PDI and in-dealer and other applicable fees are extra. Dealers may sell for less. Applicable fees may vary by region and dealer. Dealer order/trade may be necessary â&#x20AC;&#x201C; but, may not be available in all cases. See a participating authorized dealer for full details, eligible models and other offers. Offers are subject to change, extension or cancellation without notice. Minimum Amount Financed $1,500; Maximum Amount Financed $50,000. Other qualifications and restrictions may apply. Errors and omissions excepted. Free one-year extended warranty valid with purchase of select new 2017 Polaris OffRoad Vehicle models. Free one-year coverage consists of 6 monthsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; factory warranty, plus 6 months Polaris promotional Limited Warranty for a total term of 12 months. Cannot be combined with any other Extended or Limited Warranty offers. Coverage may be extended at the time of vehicle purchase, see dealer for details. Offer excludes 2018 RANGER models with 1-year factory warranty, and all model years of High Lifter Edition models, RANGER EV models, race, fleet and modified vehicles. Including Alberta, this is given as a free of charge Limited Warranty. Offers may be modified or discontinued at any time in Polarisâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; sole discretion. Warning: PolarisÂŽ off-road vehicles can be hazardous to operate and are not intended for on-road use. Driver must be at least 16 years old with a valid driverâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s license to operate. Passengers, if permitted, must be at least 12 years old. All riders should always wear helmets, eye protection, and protective clothing. Always use seat belts and cab nets or doors (as equipped). Never engage in stunt driving, and avoid excessive speeds and sharp turns. Riding and alcohol/drugs donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t mix. All riders should take a safety training course. Call 800-342-3764 for additional information. Check local laws before riding on trails. Š2017 Polaris Industries Inc.

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Page B12

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page B13

Pelly resident with large collection of chainsaws shares his interest in small engine equipment at museum functions By William Koreluik “That was the coolest thing I saw in my life.” Of all the things that one could characterize as having been the coolest thing ever seen, for most people, a chainsaw would probably not be it. But not for Kevin Krotenko. On his several-acre property in Pelly, Krotenko has a collection of at least 300 chainsaws. “I lost count a while back,” Krotenko said recently as he talked about his collection while seated in the afternoon shade under an awning extending from a small house trailer that he keeps for his summertime guests alongside his house. He lives at Pelly with his wife Corrina, and daughter Samantha, who attends school in Kamsack. His son Bryan, who also lives in Pelly, works for the Department of Highways. Prepared for the interview, Krotenko had already dragged a large number of his chainsaws from shelves where they’re normally stored, and spread them out on the grass in front of the former rural school house that he

Among a display of chainsaws, Krotenko is holding a Druzhba, a unit that was built in Russia in the mid1950s. has converted into a workshop. Along the south edge of the property are several sheds and lean-to additions that house a variety of equipment that use small engines. “Chainsaws, snowmobiles, lawnmowers, any small engine, I fix. I only stay away from weed whackers,” he said, adding

that he repairs small engine equipment in a business he calls Kev’s Saw Shop. The chainsaws on the lawn are a small sampling of his entire collection, but they represent some of the rarest, oldest, and yes, coolest, examples in his collection. Krotenko, who said he has been collecting

chainsaws for about 25 years, had been working as a logger, using an “old Pioneer chain saw.” His uncle, Larry Chase of Preeceville had been logging the big spruce in his yard south of Preeceville and had bought a new chainsaw to replace his old “Mall.” “He said I was

welcome to it,” Krotenko said of his uncle’s old chainsaw. “It was an early 1950s model that had a swiveling transmission. It was the coolest thing I had seen in my life. “So all of this, we can blame on Uncle Larry.” Krotenko said that currently about 20 saws in his collection can be started,

but most of the rest he could get running if he wanted to. “They all need a different fuel mixture,” he explained. “One saw from the early 1940s requires a mixture of one pint of standard 40 motor oil to one gallon of gasoline.” Krotenko, who also works in Regina hauling gravel, said he recently bought out two saw shops, obtaining new and old parts, which he has added to his “vintage” collection. “People from all over phone me with requests and I usually have what they’re looking for. “I also make saw trips. I go to B.C. two or three times a year and I salvage from scrap yards,” he said, explaining that with old chainsaws there’s lots of aluminum. “I’m salvaging history.” And that history, he shares, doing about 10 “shows” a year at various museums across the province. At those shows, where he demonstrates the use of the chainsaws and displays the many unique saws in his collection, he enjoys hearing stories of saws and logging. Continued on Page B14

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Page B14

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

Kevin Krotenko’s chainsaw collection Continued from Page B13 “A guy, he smells the two-stroke smoke and opens up like a tape recorder,” he said of a typical former logger admiring his display at one museum function or another. “It’s very entertaining for a logger to hear about how it was done in the 1930s or 40s.” W h a t ’s t h e b i g g e s t change in chainsaws, he is asked. “The safety thing,” he immediately replies. “And noise. They had no ear protection and those old machines made horrible noise.” The oldest chainsaw in Krotenko’s collection is a 1935 pneumatic two-man Reed Prentice chainsaw, but he is prepared to buy all kinds of saws. Krotenko, who after years of wrestling with heavy chainsaws and logs, has a business card that describes himself as a “chainsaw collector and demonstrator.” “I am interested in any chainsaws that you may have, running or not,” the card reads. “I am also available to do a chainsaw display and demonstrations for your local museum day.”

“I own a 1939-40 NSU Ural chainsaw. It’s the only one in Canada. Adolph Hitler had ordered it to be built. “I trade a lot. I found a killer chainsaw, a 400 cc two-cylinder that came through a buddy in Kentucky,” he said, explaining that he is a member of a chainsaw collectors’ site on the Internet. He is one of between 2,500 and 3,000 members of CSCF (Chain Saw Collectors’ Forum) out of Sweden where he is able to arrange to obtain parts and to exchange information. Krotenko’s most recent public demonstration was at the 59th annual Threshermen’s Show and Seniors’ Festival held August 2 and 3 a t Yo r k t o n ’s We s t e r n Development Museum. “I took along about 100 chainsaws,” he said, pointing to a livestock trailer that he converted with shelving that he uses to haul his chainsaws to various functions. “How do you make money at these museum events?” he is asked. “I don’t,” he replies. “I display the saws and do demonstrations. They pay my expenses, like fuel and

At the foreground is a Sally Saw that was built in Boston, Mass. in the mid-1950s. a hotel if it is for more than one day. “Getting my name out there is good compensation and my shop makes money,” he said. “Besides, you don’t need a pile of money to be happy.” Asked what chainsaw is his favourite in his collection, Krotenko said that one of the weirdest and most oddball chainsaws he owns is a Comet that is made in Norway. It is a diesel-powered chainsaw. Continued on Page B15

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Krotenko is kneeling beside a Mall 6 with a six-foot bar, 250cc engine. A large timber chainsaw, it was constructed in the late 1940s in Chicago, Ill.

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page B15

Kevin Krotenko’s chainsaw collection Continued from Page B14 Collectors like himself usually can’t buy chainsaws but can trade them with owners in Europe, he said. Canadians are notorious for having big saws because of big trees. The majority of chainsaws in Canada are manufactured in Vancouver because of the logging industry in B.C. What are the best makes of chainsaw? Krotenko says they’re the Jonsereds of Sweden. He owns 30 models,

including the company’s first diesel chainsaw. “They’re good,” he said. “Jonsereds are from the same factory that the Husqvarna chainsaws are made.” “What’s a saw that you don’t have that you still want?” he is asked. “I’ve always needed this one or that one, but now I’ve narrowed it down to a Titan 100 twocylinder, a left and a right, that’s rare. Continued on Page B16 Krotenko is kneeling beside a Mall & Bow saw that was built in Chicago, Ill. in the early 1950s At left is a Mall 11 Bow saw also built in the mid-1950s.

Kevin Krotenko, holding a Barker rim saw that he owns which was built in Missouri in the 1950s.

Hanging from the ceiling of his workshop, this is a Power Machinery two-man Torpedo chainsaw that was built in Vancouver in the mid-1950s. Krotenko said it is the last of the two-man chainsaws ever build in Canada.

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Page B16

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

Kevin Krotenkoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s chainsaw collection Continued from Page B15 â&#x20AC;&#x153;I am a â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;big power machineryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; collector,â&#x20AC;? he said mentioning the name of the Canadien and lots of IEL (Industrial Engineering Ltd.) machines, of which he owns almost all the models. Many chainsaws operate with the same type of engine, he said, adding that he had owned a KMS-4, which is different because it has a Wankel

Domar rotary engine. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I like old motors.â&#x20AC;? Because all the saws look like theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve had s o m e w e a r, K r o t e n k o is asked if he also restores them. He said he does not restore saws, although some he owns have been restored by other collectors. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I like the saws that look like theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve been used. Continued on Page B17

A view inside a tent-garage shows an assortment of chainsaws and chainsaw parts along with a collection of other small engine machines.

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This is a Canadian Gear Reduction Drive chainsaw with a five-foot bar from the West Coast which was built in the mid-1960s and was used for falling big timber.

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Kevin Krotenko’s chainsaw collection Continued from Page B16 “One saw I own weighs close to 175 pounds,” he said. “I have one

Canadian-built chainsaw with a nine-foot bar, the longest ever produced. There have been two chainsaws

with nine-foot bars that have been recovered. One is in B.C., and the other one is here. The bar alone weighs 50 pounds. “From tip to tail, it’s 12 feet, eight inches. It’s factory built for big wood in the

Kevin Krotenko was photographed inside the converted cattle trailer he uses to haul a sampling of his chainsaw collection to various museums and exhibitions.

Page B17

Cowichan Lake area in B.C. Asked what he thinks his collection is worth, Krotenko said it’s hard to put a value on it. “It boils down to desperation. If I really want it, I will trade to get it.

“I own some incredibly rare saws, like the Power Machinery Torpedo twom a n , w h i c h i s h e n ’s teeth rare. I found it at an auction sale in Prince George. Pointing to the collection

of saws on the grass, he says this one is from Russia, the other from Norway. They’ve all been acquired by trade; sending and returning. “It’s Canada Post that’s the big beneficiary,” he said.

From left, the first saw is a Power Machinery saw, build in the late 1940s in Vancouver; the second is a Comet diesel chainsaw, built in the late 1940s in Norway, and the third is a Champion chainsaw built in the 1950s in Australia.

APAS calls for moratorium on closure of producer car loading sites The Agricultural Producers Association of Saskatchewan (APAS) disagrees with the Canadian Pacific Railway’s decision to close at least 10 producer car loading sites in Saskatchewan. In a letter to Federal Transport Minister Marc Garneau, APAS is requesting a moratorium on the closure of producer car loading

sites until a full review of railway costs is completed. The letter also requests legislative changes to ensure that the closure of urban and rural sidings is subject to the same requirements. “Producer car loading is an important source of competition and innovation in Saskatchewan’s agriculture industry,” said

APAS President Todd Lewis. “Shipping grain by rail is far more cost-effective than hauling grain long distances by truck and results in a much smaller carbon footprint.” Lewis also pointed out that once a loading site is listed for discontinuance, it is extremely difficult to have the site re-listed for service at a later date.

“Although demand for producer cars has declined in recent years, our industry is very dynamic,” Lewis said. “There is the potential that crop diversification and increased production could lead to more demand in the future. This demand will not be met if producers lose access to their local rail sidings.” Continued on Page B18

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Page B18

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

Can drone aerial imagery assess hail damage in canola? By William DeKay Saskatoon newsroom The Western Producer A study is underway to see if aerial imagery captured by drones could be used to efficiently assess hail damage in canola and accurately predict yield loss following hail. L e n a S y r o v y, a r e search officer in the agronomy program at the University of Saskatchewan and graduate students have been working with National Crop Insurance Services (NCIS) in Kansas for years accessing hail damage in canola. According to Saskatchewan Municipal Hail Insurance Association, about C$41.5 million was paid out in hail insurance claims in the province in 2015. Syrovy said hail damage assessments carried out by insurance adjusters are time consuming and involve subjectivity and uncertainty. NCIS is funding the U of S research and works with the regional hail insurance providers. Last year, researchers began collecting drone imagery. “We’ve been helping them to work on their

adjusting models to predict how much yield loss you will get in canola after different amounts of hail damage,” Syrovy said July 26 during a joint field day hosted by the Northeast Agriculture Research Foundation and Agriculture Canada in Melfort. About 100 producers, agrologists and students were toured through test plots. “We’ve been looking at different timings of hail damage. So during flowering, when the flowering stems or racemes are broken off and how much is broken off,” she said. To r e c r e a t e t h e d e structive powers of hail, students use a hedge t r i m m e r t o w h a c k o ff various lengths of raceme at 25, 50, 75 and 100 per cent. There are five weekly timings starting from onset of bolting. Data is then collected at the end to determine damage and yield loss. L a s t y e a r, u s i n g a drone equipped with a multi-spectral camera, researchers flew over the crop several times looking mainly at regrowth following the researcherinflicted plant damage. “ We l o o k e d a t t h e

vegetative indices to see if we could use them to predict how much yield loss we would have,” Syrovy said. This year, researchers are looking closer to when the damage occurs to replicate the realistic time an adjuster would come to the field. “We’re expecting that probably you need different vegetative indices to look at damage because the plants will still be flowering. So we’d probably want to look more at the amount of yellow to see the flowers and how much flowers are cut off and then later on we’re looking at green regrowth and different shades of green,” she said. The different indices use the light reflected off the plants at varying wavelengths. They are calculated using images captured by five different cameras with each simultaneously taking pictures in different wavelengths of light: blue, green, red, red edge and near infrared. Pictures from the flight are then stitched together to calculate the different indices. S h e s a y s i t ’s l i k e the green seeker, a tool which assesses greenness

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of crops for fertilizer recommendations. It uses NDVI (normalized difference vegetation index) which is one possible index. “(However), with this camera with five different wavelengths, you could actually calculate a whole bunch of different indices with all those different wavelengths and that could maybe give you a clearer picture of what you’re seeing in the field than what you would see with NDVI,”

she said. “So we’re looking at what indices might be the most appropriate to access damage.” Syrovy said the collected information could benefit adjusters and farmers. In addition to assessing damage and determining yield after hail, she said producers could use the technology to predict yield after animal tramping and lodging. “I think, realistically, what it’s more going to

do is help us to target sampling. So it will allow us to identify zones that look different, that look better or worse than others, that can help a person doing adjustments go out and target their note taking, target their assessment,” she said. “It could also help a farmer in the same way to see which areas were harder hit and which ones look better. Go out, boots on the ground and have a look. It will save a lot of time.”

APAS calls for moratorium on closure of producer car loading sites Continued from Page B17 Grain producers have a legislative right to order rail cars through the Canadian Grain Commission under the Canada Grains Act. This is to ensure that producers have meaningful access to market their grains using Canada’s rail network. However, in the last decade, Canadian railways have been closing public loading sites at an accelerated rate. If these closures proceed, the number of loading sites on CP rail lines in Saskatchewan will be reduced to 26, down from 79 in 2005. Although the number of sidings has decreased dramatically over the years, the railways are currently compensated for maintaining the same number of sidings that existed in 1992. “The Maximum Revenue Entitlement program’s formula is clearly out of date,” Lewis said. “What we are saying to the

minister is no more closures until we get a costing review to bring it in line with today’s operating environment.” Under the Canada Transportation Act, railways can close a loading site after 60 days of publicizing the notice in a local newspaper. APAS is also asking that that time frame is extended to give municipalities and affected producers more notice and ensure they are adequately consulted. If no moratorium is granted, the following sidings could begin closing by mid-September: Tompkins in the RM of Gull Lake, Midale in the RM of Cymri, Cupar and Markinch in the RM of Cupar, Grand Coulee in the RM of Lumsden, Wilcox in the RM of Bratt’s Lake, Moosomin in the RM of Moosomin, Ti s d a l e i n t h e R M o f C o n n a u g h t / Tisdale, Qu’Appelle in the RM of South Qu’Appelle and Duval in the RM of Last Mountain Valley.

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page B19

Canadian Wheat Research Coalition formed to boost returns for producers The Alberta Wheat C o m m i s s i o n ( AW C ) , the Saskatchewan Wheat Development Commission (Sask Wheat) and the Manitoba Wheat and Barley Growers Association (MWBGA) announced on August 22 the formation of the Canadian Wheat Research Coalition (CWRC), a federal notfor-profit corporation that will facilitate long-term investments aimed at improving profitability and competitiveness for western Canadian wheat farmers. The CWRC will facilitate a collaborative approach to producer funding of regional and national research projects

in variety development and agronomy including the next Canadian National Wheat Cluster and core wheat breeding agreements with Agriculture and AgriFood Canada and universities, said a release from the Sask Wheat. Additional regional projects that align with variety development and agronomic priorities will also be considered for funding through the CWRC. “Most of the best performing wheat varieties available to farmers are the result of producerfunded wheat breeding efforts,” said Kevin A u c h , AW C c h a i r a n d CWRC director. “I look

forward to working with my provincial counterparts to continue this work with the goal of s e e i n g n e w, h i g h p e rforming varieties that result in better returns and increased competitiveness for farmers.” The three wheat commissions will serve as founding members on the farmer-led board of directors. The structure allows for additional producer or private sector groups that share an interest in advancing wheat research in Canada to join as organizational members. This inclusive arrangement provides a platform for the CWRC to pursue new public, private, producer partnerships (4Ps).

“Producer collaboration and funding has been important to sustaining Canada’s wheat research and variety development programs,” said Bill Gehl, Sask Wheat chair. “The commissions working together under the CWRC will enhance the role of producers in supporting the research community.” The formation of the CWRC directly follows the commissions’ increased responsibility in funding core wheat breeding agreements and the national wheat cluster, coinciding with the end of the Western Canadian Deduction (WCD) on July 31, 2017. Under the previous structure, the

Canadian ingredients, Saskatchewan grown By Steph Langdon Saskatchewan Mustard Development Commission Saskatoon We hope you’ve had a great summer and have enjoyed some great Canadian food and recipes. Perhaps you grew a garden, went berry picking, hit up the local farmer’s market, or even know a generous farmer who kept you supplied. It’s been tasty so far and we continue to enjoy all the local and seasonal flavours. However, we’re not ready for summer to end and we’re also not done celebrating 150 years of Canadian food. Canada has a lot to be proud of when it comes to our booming agriculture industry and Saskatchewan plays a large part in that. Did you know Saskatchewan has 44 per cent of Canada’s total cultivated farmland and 98 per cent of Saskatchewan farms are family owned. According to the Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture, in 2016, Saskatchewan produced: 99 per cent of Canada’s chickpeas, 84 per cent of Canada’s lentils, 80 per cent of Canada’s durum, 82 per cent of Canada’s flaxseed, 69 per cent of Canada’s mustard, 49 per cent of Canada’s dry peas, 53 per cent

of Canada’s oats, and 53 per cent of Canada’s canola crop. Saskatchewan farmers and ranchers produce a wide range of food and food ingredients including wheat, canola, lentils, flax, barley, oats, mustard, beans, chickpeas, vegetables, fruit, beef, pork, poultry, eggs and dairy. Mustard’s adaptability allows it to play well with many of them. Whether it’s a canola oil based vinaigrette, a spice rub for your meat, or a spread for your sandwich, mustard is versatile in texture and flavour so it can add not only flavour, but also moisture and emulsifying properties to your dish. We’ve rounded up a Canadian inspired menu featuring many of our Saskatchewan favourites. With all the options available locally, the recipes and combinations are almost endless. If you’re looking for a one-dish meal to celebrate Canada 150, dietitian Zannat Reza came up with The 150 Power Bowl for Healthy Flax. Check out the SaskCooks collections for homegrown recipes for you and your family to enjoy all year long.

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Western Grains Research Foundation (WGRF) led these research initiatives through WCD funding. In preparation for the end of the WCD, the commissions signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) outlining their agreement to partner in setting variety development priorities and funding commitments that meet the needs of wheat farmers in Western Canada. As a result of the MOU, the commissions will ensure continuity in new spring wheat variety development is maintained through the CWRC, and will continue to engage WGRF as a key player through this transition. Project funding will be shared on a proportionate basis by

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Page B20

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

Feeding birds one seed at a time By Liz Jacobsen What started out as a hobby has grown into a sustainable business for Cameron Last of Lintlaw. Last has been growing sunflowers for the past 15 years and selling black sunflower seeds to customers off his farm. His farm’s location, three miles east of Lintlaw along Highway No. 49, allows customers easy access and the perfect opportunity for motorists to stop by for a visit.

“The yellow sunflower field makes for a great photograph opportunity for many,” said Last. Last started out 15 years ago with a meagre 10 acres and has grown his operations to 75 acres of sunflowers. He purchased his first seed from Wagon Wheel Seed Corporation and every year since then he has purchased new certified sunflower seeds for spring seeding from Kenzie Seeds of Wadena. “ We d o h a v e s o m e

wildlife damage because the birds, moose and deer love to eat them,” he said. “We do have some bear damage as they love to play in the field of sunflowers.” The seed comes in large bags and in the spring Last estimates that in each 260-pound bag there are 4,500 seeds and that covers only four and half acres. He uses an air seeded drill to plant the 75 acres of sunflower seeds. He says it takes an

Cameron Last of Lintlaw filled bags of sunflower seeds in his special “grandpa” sunflower bin.

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Cameron Last checked his sunflower crop for any damage. average of 120 days and six good frosts for the sunflowers to be ready to harvest. A combine with a special header is used to harvest the sunflowers and it usually takes four days to combine the 75 acres. “It is a very slow process because the header has to separate the stalks from the seeds,” he said. Once the seeds are harvested they are air dried in a grain bin before being stored in a bin prior to cleaning and being bagged in 40-pound bags. The processing involves the entire family and is a year-long job. The seeds are cleaned in a special mill before being augured into a hopper to be bagged. Continued on Page B21

A special mill cleans sunflower seeds fed from a grain bin. Cameron Last oversees the operations.

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Week of September 10, 2017

Feeding birds one seed at a time Continued from Page B20 “The sunflowers were something new and added a different way to help diversify the family farm,” he said. “People love to feed birds, whether it is in the winter or year round. Cold

winters will see our sales increase.” Last has farmed since 1976 and has under cultivation 2,000 acres of a combination of cereal crops and corn for cattle grazing. He operates a cattle farm that

Harvest Edition

Page B21

consists of Charolais and black and red angus cows. Last’s youngest son Kyle helps in the daily operations of the family farm and also operates a firewood business off the farm. “I really appreciate all my dedicated customers and would like to thank them,” he said. “Without them I wouldn’t have such a successful sunflower seed business.”

Cameron Last was photographed in his sunflower field.

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A special combine with header is used to harvest a field of sunflowers at the Cameron Last farm.

The final process for Cameron Last’s sunflower seeds operation is to place the seeds into 50-pound bags.

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Page B22

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

FCC snapshots show why agriculture is one of Canada’s key sectors The livestock sector takes the red ribbon as the hottest sector in Canadian agriculture based on projected cash receipts over the next 12 months, according to a news release from Farm Credit Canada (FCC). “It seems like almost everything with four legs or feathers is in high demand in Canada and has significant growth potential in export markets around the world,” said J.P. Gervais, FCC chief agricultural economist, in releasing a series of agriculture sector economic snapshots. “The solid performance of all sectors speaks to the resilience of Canada’s agriculture industry, as well as its ability to innovate and adapt to the changing consumer markets.” FCC’s agriculture sector snapshots consider various factors that will influence cash receipts for various agriculture commodities over the next year. These factors include prices, production, demand and export opportunities, said the release. While livestock stands out as having the greatest potential for increased cash receipts, other areas of Canada’s agriculture industry are also doing well.

Farm Credit Canada is forecasting a strong year ahead for Canada’s diverse agricultural sector. That partly explains why the Advisory Council on Economic Growth recently identified Canada’s agriculture and food industry as one of eight sectors with significant global growth potential. “The Canadian agrifood sector has great potential, given the large natural endowment of water and arable land, distinctive record of accomplishments in research, and exceptional base of companies and entrepreneurs,” according

to the advisory council’s report, Unleashing the Growth Potential of Key Sectors, released in February. The report notes that Canadian agriculture already employs 2.1 million workers and accounts for 6.7 per cent of the country’s gross national product (GDP). By breaking down the industry into its various parts, Gervais said FCC’s sector snapshots give a clear indication of what

areas of Canadian agriculture are doing well and where there is more opportunity for growth. Within the livestock sector, hog cash receipts are forecast to climb by 12 per cent over the next 12 months, cattle by eight per cent and poultry by seven per cent. The dairy sector places a close second with cash receipts projected to grow by 11 per cent. Key crops in Western and Eastern Canada make up the third general area

analyzed in the FCC snapshots. Cash receipts for wheat, canola and lentils in Western Canada are projected to decrease by one per cent over the next 12 months flowing into 2018. However, the slight decrease comes after recordhigh cash receipts over the previous two years. Cash receipts for corn and soybeans in Eastern Canada are projected to grow by a modest one per cent over the same 12-month timeframe.

Another snapshot projects Canadian farm equipment sales will see an overall improvement over the next 12 months compared to the previous two years. Total tractor sales (smaller tractors and four-wheel-drive tractors) are projected to climb slightly above the fiveyear average by mid-2018, while combine sales will increase in 2017 before losing steam and landing close to the five-year average in 2018.

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Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest Edition

Page B23

Harvest at Broda Farms in high gear By Jan Derwores Day two of the annual harvest at Broda Farms of Veregin found a flurry of activity in a wheat field north of Veregin on a day at the end of August. The crew of Asfeld Custom Combining of Minnesota was pulling in the crop using seven combines, two grain carts and seven grain trucks. “Everything is dry and the crop is looking alright,” said Rob Broda who owns and operates Broda Farms.

If the weather stays like this, harvest could be wrapped up in good time, he said. Feeding the crew is the responsibility of Broda’s wife Colleen. “I used to do all the cooking for the harvest crew, but now, with a crew this large, I enlist some help from a local restaurant. I really enjoy bringing out the meals,” she said. For this wheat field, the combines where doing “straight cut” of the crop, said Evan Todoschuk, one of the combine operators, because it is easier and most cost efficient.

Rob Broda and his wife, Colleen, who own and operate Broda Farms of Veregin, took a moment to relax after the custom harvest crew was fed. “I bought out 17 suppers this evening,” said Colleen. Day two of the harvest season found the custom combine crew of Asfeld Farms of Minnesota combining wheat for Broda Farms in a field north of Veregin.

Back in the farmyard, the grain truck empties into the auger chute to be fed into storage. A grain sample was being taken by Dwayne Pfeifer of Kamsack, front, while Blaine Adam of Canora operated the flow control.

Tim Derwores of Kamsack, one of the trucking crew for Asfeld Farms, conferred with Ethan Johhansen of Dighton, Kansas, who was unloading wheat from the grain cart into the back of the grain truck.

The combine left to fill up again, while on the ground Tim Derwores rolled out the tarp to secure the load of grain for transport.

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Page B24

Harvest Edition

Week of September 10, 2017

Harvest at Broda Farms in high gear

This is a view from inside the combine as it approached the trucks to unload a full hopper.

Evan Todoschuk, who has about 15 years of combine operating experience, keeps a sharp eye on the controls as he manoeuvres the combine through the ripe wheat field.

One of two grain carts in service this year at Broda farms helped keep the combines moving when there was no truck to dump their full hoppers in.

When the crop is harvesting smoothly, sometimes there is a line-up to unload the grain. Here, two combines unload, while the full grain cart waited for its turn.

Supper in the field is always hectic, but is one of the most appreciated aspects of the harvest. From left, were: Rob Broda, Dwayne Kerluke of Alberta (combine operator), Colleen Broda and Dereck Wolkowski of Kamsack (combine operator).

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2017 Harvest Edition  

A supplement to The Canora Courier, Preeceville Progress and Kamsack Times

2017 Harvest Edition  

A supplement to The Canora Courier, Preeceville Progress and Kamsack Times

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