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nity. As seen in the late works of the Church Fathers and 3 Enoch, he was kept on as an agent of evil revelation, but he lacked the autonomy and agency to be a truly formidable opponent to God. The Book of Jubilees represents an important step back from the precipice of absolute dualism, and a community more willing to integrate -

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Pentateuchal function in sacred history, meant to test Israel’s faithfulness and mediate God’s punishment. As a consequence of this, the problem of evil comes back in full force, and the relationship between God and evil is undo the exact opposite. Kavod of Azaze

formulations, much of this dualism was formed in response to their social situaBecause evil had been experienced in personal life and in the most recent history of the Jewish people as a concentrated power with apparently a deliberate plan, and there was at the same time a concern to liberate God from the chain of direct causality in the interests of a theodicy, the dualistic doctrine of the two spirits was

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Canons IX:2  

Personal Study, Personal Religion McGill University Undergraduate Journal of Religious Studies

Canons IX:2  

Personal Study, Personal Religion McGill University Undergraduate Journal of Religious Studies

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