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Alexander points to the widespread Persian belief in demons as an im-

that in all of these images, while there is still a close relationship between the deis no longer merely a subordinate accuser, but a warring sibling with the power to act in the historical sphere. -

of the angels, of the power and agency of evil forces. As Nickelsburg states, the rebel angels are lesser beings, removed one stage from God, and thus not evil, one that lacks present-day agency, even though the evil he released into the world certainly has an ongoing impact. That said, Azazel would be caught in the conceptual current of dualism in Second Temple thought, and his after-life in literature and tradition is an excellent illustration of which pieces of his narrative seemed most tangible, and the essence of his character to the earliest readers. Azazel’s teachings were made into caricature for all revelations of evil. Church Fathers like Tertullian and Cyprian, for instance, blamed Azazel for teaching women how to adorn themselves, and leading all of humanity into the Enoch, a Man for All Generations a similar perspective, Iraneus claimed that Azazel was a deputy of Satan, the fallen and yet mighty angel who revealed the black arts of magic to the world who deceived Adam and Eve, Baalzebub, the Prince of demons, and the highest-

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Canons IX:2  

Personal Study, Personal Religion McGill University Undergraduate Journal of Religious Studies

Canons IX:2  

Personal Study, Personal Religion McGill University Undergraduate Journal of Religious Studies

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