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Abstract The way New Orleans suffers and ultimately will survive depends on the city’s topography and typologies. The majority of New Orleans is below sea level so the way the city was built had a lot to do with finding new ways of pushing the water out of the city, finding the best ways to keep that water out and building stable buildings to with stand against the possibility of water coming back into the city. Based on the history of the city it is clear that the way the city was designed and built is not effective. The method used to the keep the water out has failed again recently so it is now time to design a better system and city. My idea for where the city should be, is based on finding ways to place opposites affect each other to create a new world in between. The opposites that deal with the topography of the city are high/ dry land and low/ wet land. The high/dry land can avoid the chance of the water re-entering the city altogether, this therefore allows for a different type of typology compared to the low/ wet areas that is always at risk of flooding. These opposite types of land should not only have different typologies in order to with stand natural occurrences or not but also, have ways to connect the two worlds. This can be done above, below or on the surface, so as the city water level rise or lower a different connection would be in place to move with the city, program was also studied to look past topologies, in order to find a new way to changing these programs. 1


High/Dry Areas + Low/Wet Areas = Topography How can Topography affect Typologies? Advantages High/Dry Areas -Avoid flooding - Good Views

Low/Wet Areas -Easier access to commercial and other programs

Disadvantages High/Dry Areas -Hardier communute/access to commercial and other programs

Low/Wet Areas

Topography Map

-Floods -No views

2

3


High/Dry Areas + Low/Wet Areas = Topography How can Topography and Water Flooding affect Typologies?

Flooding Map

4

5


Program How can Cities grow based on water flooding and topography to create Typologies?

City Growth

Grew from water out 6

Grew around deep flooded areas

Expand from transportation network 7


Program

Housing

How can Program, topography and water flooding affect Typologies?

Neighborhoods

9th Ward Neighborhood

Highway Development

Highway Splits Neighborhood 8

Neighborhood Viewed by People 9


Program Housing Renewal District

Ranch

Mid-Century Modern

Modern Era Single Family

10

1 story

setback 8-20

1-2 stories

setback

1-2 stories

setback 5-20

porch

porch, driveway , balconies

porch, driveway , balconies

brick & wood

wood & iron balconcies

elevated 4-8, usable space under grade 11


Program Housing Woodwork District

Craftsmen Bungalow

1-1.5 stories

setback 2-10

exposed wood beams

yard

gable roof

brick & wood

Early Suburban

1-2 stories

setback 2-10

yard

garage

detached

brick,wood & stucco 12

13


Program Housing Second Faubourgs District

Gunshot Single & Double

1-2 stories

setback 2-6

2-3 stories

setback 3-8

yard

wood

Spanish & Colonial Eclectic

yard

garage

brick & wood

Victorian Era Styles

2-3 stories

14

setback 5-8

yard

brick & wood

15


Program School

By Highway Advantage -Easy access to other areas - Close to Housing

Disadvantage

next to green highway

next to highway & green space

yard

brick & stucco

between to highways

2-3 stories

-Not safe for children

By Water Advantage -Close to park for children outdoor activities - Good View of Water - Close to Housing

next to water and green space

next to water & on green space

between to highway & water

2-3 stories

Disadvantage

yard 16

brick & stucco 17


Program Commercial

By Highway

Advantage - Easy access/ commute to other programs and areas

commercials together

middle of schools

between water & highway

1-2 stories

setback

between water & highway

1-2 stories

setback

Disadvantage

yard

brick & stucco

By Water

Advantage - Good View of Water - Close to Housing and other porgrams

commercials together

middle of schools

Disadvantage

yard 18

brick & stucco 19


Program Opportunity How can the knowledge of Program, topography, and past Typologies create a new city? Housing

Blight/Vacant Schools

Commercial In-Use

Vacant

Blight

Commercial

In-Use

Vacant

Blight 20


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