l’actualité chimique canadienne canadian chemical news ACCN
February | fÉvrier • 2008 • Vol. 60, No./no 2
What Can a Careers in the Chemist Be?
Engineering Chemistry at Queen’s
Will Your Résumé Survive the Ten-Second Scan? Successful Job Application Formula
Women in Science and Engineering
Careers in the Chemical First Thing About Phosphates
Women in Science and Engineering
Your A Journey from Books to Will the Boardroom
Résumé Survive the Craft your Engineering Ten-Second Scan? Chemical Career Chemistry at Queen’s
February | fÉvrier • 2008 • Vol. 60, No./no 2
A publication of the CIC | Une publication de l’ICC
Ta bl e o f C o n t e n t s | Ta bl e d e s m a t i è r e s
Guest Column Chroniqueur invité . . . . . . 2 Résumés—Surviving the Ten-Second Scan Don Hewson
Jobs Are Out There
Recruitment and Retention
Turning A Corner
The World is Wide Open
letters lettres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
News Nouvelles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
regulatory news . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Kimberly Hradecky, MCIC, and Kerry Ketcheson
Industrial Briefs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Chemfusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Joe Schwarcz, MCIC
Recognition reconnaissance . . . . . . . .
careers carrières . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Events Événements . . . . . . . . . . . .
The president of Maxxam Analytics shares his successful job application formula. Pierre Beaumier, MCIC
Examining the choices made by today’s women in science and engineering Jennifer Fender
What can be done to attract women to the field of chemical engineering? And keep them there? Emily Moore, MCIC
One hundred years of chemical dependence Jennifer Clarke, MCIC
A chemist’s journey from books to the boardroom Gavin Pereira, MCIC
Today’s chemical fields are teeming with opportunity. Anne Campbell, MCIC
Guest Column Chroniqueur invité
Résumés—Surviving the Ten-Second Scan
ow will your résumé be received? Your beautifully prepared résumé may be brutally criticized in a tensecond scan and sorted into the “No Thanks” pile. How can your résumé survive this highly critical initial sort? And if it survives the tensecond scan, can it survive a subsequent 30-minute study and result in an interview? Chemical industry managers are notoriously busy and they often face 80 or more résumés when selecting the top three candidates for interviews. They will look for any excuse to weed you out of the competition. In that tensecond scan they will look for a clumsy cover letter, confused formatting, missing information, a spelling error, poor sentence structure, any lack of clarity, or even inappropriate paper quality. About 30 percent of résumé cover letters do not identify the position being sought, and if the employer is advertising multiple positions, you have already confused them. That’s your free ride to the “No Thanks” pile. How can your résumé survive the ten second scan? Perfect all the simple elements mentioned above. Select an informative format with a heading, contact information, background, education, experience, and personal interests. Most importantly, create an eye-catching and mind-catching “Accomplishments” section right in the middle of the first page. Don’t wait until the second page to share your accomplishments with the reviewer! It is the “Accomplishments” section where a résumé gets traction. The highly productive chemical industry requires achievers who complete projects and are driven by that special sense of accomplishment that comes from a job well done. As a reviewer, it is obvious that most applicants are qualified “on paper,” but the “Accomplishments” section tells what they have really done with their lives. There is a special approach for writing each accomplishment to create a positive and results-oriented impression. Begin with active and descriptive verbs to convince the
L’Actualité chimique canadienne fÉvrier 2008
Managing Editor/directrice de la rédaction Heather Dana Munroe
reviewer that you feel passion and urgency for your work. Include facts, numbers, finances, and an indication of scope in every accomplishment statement. Situate every stated accomplishment and finish with the results of your work. Let’s examine a real-life accomplishment statement in the résumé I used for my current position. “Created the project, developed, and commercialized new innovative, energy saving, and environmentally acceptable metal cutting fluids for the North American market. An electrical energy saving of 15 to 20 percent was realized by the customers. Designed and performed the communications, teaching, and training to support these products with industrial users. Reversed the previous five percent per year loss in this business segment to a seven percent per year growth in a $15 million per year business.” Note the descriptive verbs—created, developed, commercialized, designed, performed, and reversed. Facts, figures, and finances are included and are situated in the North American market. The outcome is a reversal of a business loss to a gain, and it is quantified. Your chemical industry résumé should include about five major accomplishments that are commensurate with your experience and convey a results-oriented sense of accomplishment. With careful wording throughout and “Accomplishment” statements on the front page, you will greatly improve the odds of surviving the ten-second initial scan and the 30-minute scrutiny. Finally, luck does play a role, but keep in mind Samuel Goldwyn’s statement, “The harder I work, the luckier I get!” Don Hewson is managing director and industrial liaison at the University of Western Ontario’s Research Park, Sarnia-Lambton Campus, located in one of Canada’s important
Graphic Designer/Infographiste Krista Leroux Editorial Board/Conseil de rédaction Joe Schwarcz, MCIC, chair/président Cathleen Crudden, MCIC John Margeson, MCIC Milena Sejnoha, MCIC Bernard West, MCIC Editorial Office/Bureau de la rédaction 130, rue Slater Street, Suite/bureau 550 Ottawa, ON K1P 6E2 613-232-6252 • Fax/Téléc. 613-232-5862 firstname.lastname@example.org • www.accn.ca Advertising/Publicité email@example.com Subscription Rates/Tarifs d’abonnement Non CIC members/Non-membres de l’ICC : in/au Canada CAN$55; outside/à l’extérieur du Canada US$55. Single copy/Un exemplaire CAN$8 or US$8. L’Actualité chimique canadienne/Canadian Chemical News (ACCN) is published 10 times a year by the Chemical Institute of Canada / est publié 10 fois par année par l’Institut de chimie du Canada. www.cheminst.ca. Recommended by the Chemical Institute of Canada, the Canadian Society for Chemistry, the Canadian Society for Chemical Engineering, and the Canadian Society for Chemical Technology. Views expressed do not necessarily represent the official position of the Institute, or of the societies that recommend the magazine. Recommandé par l’Institut de chimie du Canada, la Société canadienne de chimie, la Société canadienne de génie chimique et la Société canadienne de technologie chimique. Les opinions exprimées ne reflètent pas nécessairement la position officielle de l’Institut ou des sociétés qui soutiennent le magazine. Change of Address/Changement d’adresse firstname.lastname@example.org Printed in Canada by Gilmore Printing Services Inc. and postage paid in Ottawa, ON./ Imprimé au Canada par Gilmore Printing Services Inc. et port payé à Ottawa, ON. Publications Mail Agreement Number/ No de convention de la Poste-publications : 40021620. (USPS# 0007-718) Indexed in the Canadian Business Index and available on-line in the Canadian Business and Current Affairs database. / Répertorié dans la Canadian Business Index et accessible en ligne dans la banque de données Canadian Business and Current Affairs. ISSN 0823-5228
chemical clusters. A frequent speaker on résumé and interview skills, Hewson shares his experience as an interviewer during his 28 years at Imperial Oil and ExxonMobil Research, and his experience as a recent interviewee.
ring in the new year Dear Editor, I just noticed in ACCN (Nov/Dec 2007) that the Association of the Chemical Profession of Alberta has come out with a Chemist’s Ring as a symbol of professional standing. I think this is a great idea, a great design, and the ACPO should adopt it. The CIC should encourage this ring in all provinces as a standardized symbol of the profession. Paul Larocque, MCIC Dear Editor, While I realize [the Chemist’s Ring] is for the Association of the Chemical Profession of Alberta, I fail to see the need for a second chemist’s ring. I have been wearing a silver CIC ring for decades. The original paladium ring split and couldn’t be repaired. Hence, I replaced it with a silver ring when it became available. With due respect to our Alberta friends—won’t a second ring confuse those whom we want to educate as to the status of “professional chemist” in Canada and elsewhere? Brian Wiggins, MCIC
Closed—Office of the National Science Advisor The Office of the National Science Advisor (ONSA) is being shut down by the government of Stephen Harper. National Science Advisor to the Prime Minister (NSA) Arthur Carty, HFCIC, has decided to retire. The move comes less than four years after the creation of the office by the previous Liberal government of Paul Martin. The decision to terminate Carty’s office and position leaves Canada as one of the few advanced industrialized nations without a national science advisor or chief scientist.
Carty’s departure as Canada’s first national science advisor since 1971 and the demise of the ONSA end months of speculation on their fate, which began in earnest when the NSA was transferred from the Privy Council Office (PCO) to Industry Canada in May 2006. Neither Industry Canada nor the ONSA were available for comment by press deadline. The office’s closure brings the previous government’s efforts to establish a top-level advisory role for S&T to an ignominious end. Since its inception, the ONSA was severely circumscribed in its ability to provide science advice to the prime minister. There is now just one advisory body remaining— the Science, Technology and Innovation Council (STIC). The decision to close the ONSA adds to the growing turmoil surrounding several key S&T organizations. Last December, Industry Canada was forced to scramble to replace Canadian Space Agency president Larry Boisvert, who abruptly resigned just nine months into a five-year term. Senior bureaucrat Guy Bujold was chosen as an interim leader. Another senior Industry Canada bureaucrat, Michael Binder, was tapped to head up the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission after the high-profile firing of the commission’s president Linda Keen. Carty stepped into the role of NSA in April 2004 after ten years as president of the National Research Council Canada, where he was largely successful in turning around a demoralized organization and winning several new mandates. From the onset as NSA, Carty saw the need to build upon the investments being made in largely university-based research and establish creditability with all stakeholders. But he was also aware of the challenges of providing independent advice to government when situated within the bureaucracy. “The NSA has to provide balanced, independent science advice which will be taken seriously by the government,” Carty said in a 2003 interview with Re$earch Money. “It is going to be a sensitive task to balance what government thinks it needs—what it wants to do—and the science advice coming from the broad community. They are not necessary synonymous.” The role of the NSA was hamstrung from the beginning due to a miniscule budget, a
vague mandate and the lack of a reporting mechanism to Cabinet. Several have criticized Carty for failing to negotiate a clear mandate before accepting the position. Under the Liberal government, Carty and his office moved forward several key files including support for major science infrastructure, nanotechnology, a new fund for federal laboratories modelled on the Canada Foundation for Innovation and international S&T. But those efforts rarely resulted in concrete reports or action by the government, and the NSA was unable to shake off its low profile and the impression that it wasn’t having an impact. Carty isn’t alone among science advisors when experiencing difficulties interfacing with government. When U.S. presidential science advisor John Marburger was appointed in late 2001, it was without the added title of assistant to the president enjoyed by his predecessors. In addition, many of the Bush administration’s controversial science policy decisions (embryonic stem cells, climate change) had already been made, leaving Marburger to defend policies that he had no role in formulating. At least one Democratic candidate, Hillary Clinton, has pledged to restore the additional title to the science advisor’s position and restore direct reporting to the president. The ONSA’s fall from political grace became apparent last year with the release of the S&T Strategy, which contains an extensive section on S&T advice and a commitment to “revitalize” its external S&T advice. The Strategy is completely silent on the ONSA with the exception of a passing reference acknowledging that “the Strategy benefited from the advice of many individuals and organizations” including the NSA. “The people in the ONSA are top notch, but the whole has been less than the sum of its parts,” says one S&T observer. “The office never commented on the S&T system or the structure and function of the system. It should have had a lot of independence, but it failed to define an agenda and failed to capture the attention of politicians and the public.” Mark Henderson, Re$earch Money
february 2008 Canadian Chemical News
NRU Reactor— Full Steam Ahead Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) confirms that the National Research Universal Reactor (NRU) was safely returned to service December 16, 2007. “NRU provides medical isotopes for about 25 million diagnoses and treatments a year,” says AECL’s president, Research and Technology Division, David Torgerson. AECL will continue to provide regular updates as new information becomes available. AECL has an absolute and unwavering commitment to safety. The NRU facility was operated reliably for several decades up to and including the time of shutdown. NRU has produced isotopes for medical diagnostic procedures since it began producing medical isotopes in 1957. Atomic Energy of Canada Limited
CCPA—Strong Exports Offset Manufacturing Decline Strong export sales are offsetting a diminishing domestic demand for basic chemicals and resins, according to the Canadian Chemical Producers’ Association’s (CCPA) 2007 year-end business survey of its members. A dramatic 50 percent decline in sales to Canadian customers may signal fundamental changes to North American manufacturing with production shifting to offshore locations, primarily Asia. In contrast to the Canadian market, export sales were up by 13 percent in 2007 to $20 billion and now represent over 80 percent of total industry sales. Sales to U.S. markets were down by three percent. They account for only about two-thirds of the industry’s business outside of Canada, while exports to offshore markets were up 66 percent. Despite weaker sales, operating proﬁts before interest, taxes and special write-offs 2007 were $2.0 billion, up 18 percent from 2006 and virtually at the peak set in 2005. Proﬁts have been particularly strong in Canada’s gas-based petrochemical sector. Canada’s chemical producers continue to be proﬁtable. Their operating proﬁt ratio remains signiﬁcantly higher
L’Actualité chimique canadienne fÉvrier 2008
than its U.S. counterpart, averaging 7.3 percent since 1999 (vs. 4.6 percent in the U.S. over that period). The Canadian manufacturing sector continues to weather a perfect storm so far. The high dollar and its rapid appreciation in value impacted on both Canadian chemical production costs and the costs for key chemical industry customers in Canada. High energy costs including electricity in Ontario and high oil prices have also had a negative impact on Canadian manufacturing, particularly to the segment of the chemical industry that upgrades fossil fuels into value added products. Canadian Chemical Producers’ Association
Canada’s First Stem Cell Library The establishment of Canada’s first Human Stem Cell Library holds the promise of future treatments and cures for numerous diseases. Leading researchers from around the world will be able to access its resources to advance their work.The library will also cement the position of McMaster University’s Stem Cell and Cancer Research Institute as a national leader in cutting-edge work investigating the potential of human embryonic stem cells.The potential of the library will be magnified by the combination of the strengths of the stem cell institute and McMaster’s world-class biochemistry investigators. Co-directors of the library are Mick Bhatia, director of the stem cell institute, and David Andrews, a professor of biochemistry whose research group established a centre for functional genomics and chemical genetics at McMaster. The library will use both healthy and cancerous human stem cell lines and will be a dynamic resource for researchers in both the academic and commercial settings. It will serve as a launch pad for international stem cell research, allowing stem cell lines to be cultured, engineered, and then analysed in detail for characteristics, behaviours, and interactions of genes. In addition to the $15 million gift from businessman David Braley that will launch the library, financial support will come from government agencies and the business sector for the required infrastructure and research initiatives. McMaster University
Landmark Decision— Conserving Canadian Lands Forest Products Association of Canada (FPAC) expressed its strong support for the Government of Canada’s announcement to protect over ten million hectares of land in the boreal forest. This is one of the largest land conservation initiatives in Canadian history. The industry also commends the federal government, the GNWT, and communities for having co-operated so constructively on this important commitment. “This announcement acknowledges the important need to recognize and act on the conservation challenges facing Canada’s boreal forest. It is exactly why the members of FPAC co-signed with the Canadian Boreal Initiative (CBI), a 2006 commitment to ensure planning for the conservation of ecological and cultural values, and respect for Aboriginal rights in resource development decisions, prior to new forest tenures being allocated in the boreal,” said Avrim Lazar, FPAC president and CEO. “FPAC and its members have a strong and productive track record of working constructively with conservation groups, governments, and others on projects related to advancing sustainable forest management and environmental stewardship. We are committed to help shape a sustainable vision and reality for the boreal forest,” concluded Lazar. FPAC is the voice of Canada’s wood, pulp, and paper producers nationally and internationally in government, trade, and environmental affairs. Canada’s forest industry is an $80 billion dollar per year industry that represents three percent of Canada’s GDP. The industry is one of Canada’s largest employers, operating in over 320 Canadian communities and providing nearly 900,000 direct and indirect jobs across the country. Forest Products Association of Canada
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Ontario BioAuto Council Goes Green Inside™
potential barriers in education and learning is by creating what has been called, ‘a boundaryless profession’.” “We must reach out to society, to other disciplines and sectors, and across geographic borders to create a global knowledge and skills pool that is greater than the sum of its parts. This cross-geographic engagement is one of the reasons the MOU between IChemE and IIChE is so critical. Becoming a Chartered Chemical Engineer demonstrates a high level of competence, experience, and a commitment to best practice. It is a global qualification, recognized throughout the world,” added Mashelkar, formerly director general of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research in India.
GreenCore Composites Inc. is a natural fibre composite company spun off from research at the University of Toronto (U of T). It has received an investment of $755,000 from the Ontario BioAuto Council Commercialization Fund. The Ontario BioAuto Council is a not-for-profit organization working to link auto parts manufacturers, automotive assemblers, and the chemical and plastics industry with agricultural and forestry companies to produce materials and chemicals from biological feedstocks. The organization targets commercialization and market development of biomaterials for Ontario’s automotive sector. GreenCore was started through the U of T’s commercialization arm, the Innovations Group, by forestry and applied chemistry professor Mohini Sain, MCIC. The company has developed proprietary technologies to manufacture natural fibre-reinforced composites for use in products such as auto parts. One technology in particular, Green Inside™ pellets, caught the eye of the Ontario Bio-Council. By replacing petroleum-based materials with sustainable natural fibres, Green Inside compounds can more than double the strength of the base polymer while offering added environmental benefits. “Green Inside™ made our decision to invest very easy,” said Bernard West, MCIC, chair of the Ontario BioAuto Council. “We are excited to support the commercialization of this world class technology in an Ontario enterprise.” Biomaterials are experiencing strong growth around the globe, charged in part by environmental concerns as well as the shift in petroleum prices. The resulting market for materials derived from biological feedstocks is estimated to reach $50 billion by 2015.
Institution of Chemical Engineers
University of Toronto
IChemE president Ramesh Mashelkat and his IIChE counterpart, K. Venkataramana sign the MOU.
Enhancing Engineering Worldwide A new agreement between the Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE) and the Indian Institute of Chemical Engineering (IIChE) will offer chemical engineers in India greater support toward attaining Chartered Chemical Engineer status. A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), signed recently by the presidents of both organizations in Mumbai is intended to promote and extend professional, social and, where appropriate, commercial links between IChemE and IIChE. IChemE president Ramesh Mashelkar welcomed the move, which will assist in the quality of engineering practice worldwide and in advancing the mobility of engineering practitioners: “The only way we can eliminate
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february 2008 Canadian Chemical News
News Nouvelles “Iron Carbonyl Comes to Life—inorganic chemistry and the hydrogenase enzymes.” University of Toronto’s Geoffrey Ozin, FCIC, spoke about “P-Ink and Elast-Ink Labto-Market.” The social program included mixers and a banquet attended by 230. The following graduate students were awarded prizes. First-prize poster winners were Titel Jurca (University of Ottawa) and Ojisamola Labeodan (University of Windsor). Lecture winners were Christopher Rowley, MCIC (University of Ottawa), Lindsay Cahill, MCIC (McMaster University), Craig Robertson (University of Waterloo) and Christian Garon (Université Laval). We thank the University of Toronto, Dalton Pharma Services, Bruker, Sigma-Aldrich, Dima Glass, MBraun, Strem Chemicals, Waters, Pearson, McGraw-Hill Ryerson, and the Inorganic Division of the CSC for sponsoring this event. This conference has been a tradition among inorganic chemists since its inception in 1968. Attendees hail primarily from Ontario, Quebec, and northern New York State. IDW rotates from university to university, primarily from Ontario to Quebec. Robert Morris, FCIC, chair of IDW2007
CCA’s Flu Report Inorganic chemistry students and faculty discuss posters in the Davenport Atrium of the University of Toronto’s department of chemistry as part of the IDW2007 activities.
IDW2007 in Review The 40th Inorganic Discussion Weekend conference (IDW2007) held at the chemistry department of the University of Toronto last November was a big success. There were 40 lectures and 94 poster presentations by graduate students from Ontario, Quebec, New York, and Newfoundland. There were 250 attendees in all, including 40 inorganic chemistry faculty members from as far away as the University of Michigan, Memorial University, and even the University of Mentouri in Algeria. Thomas Rauchfuss, professor from the University of Illinois, presented a plenary lecture titled,
L’Actualité chimique canadienne fÉvrier 2008
Council of Canadian Academies has published a new report entitled, “Influenza Transmission and the Role of Personal Protective Respiratory Equipment—an assessment of the evidence.” This report comes in response to a proposal submitted by the Public Health Agency of Canada that asked the Council to investigate how seasonal and pandemic influenza are transmitted and, based on those findings, to assess the contribution of respirators and surgical masks to the prevention of transmission of the virus. The report of the study represents the consensus findings of a 13-member panel of experts, chaired by Donald Low, microbiologist-in-chief at Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto, ON. The report and its summary document the Report in Focus are available in both official languages and are accessible on the Council’s Web site at www.scienceadvice.ca.
Dawn of the CIC Energy Division The CIC launched its Energy Division at the 57th Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference in Edmonton, AB, with an Energy Round Table. CIC chair, Christian Detellier, FCIC, introduced the event, and CSChE vice‑president, Milena Sejnoha, MCIC, chaired the session. Through the leadership of the CSChE director of divisions Allan Gilbert, MCIC, the session was carried out with both great attendance and participation. Presentation topics included “The Role of Chemical Engineering in the Future of Energy” by Philippe Tanguy, MCIC; “Some Thoughts on Canadian Energy Perspectives in a CarbonConstrained Future” by John Grace, FCIC; “Determining and Reducing the Ecological Footprint from Accelerated Biofuel Development in Canada—a prospectus” by Terry McIntyre, MCIC; and “Nuclear Power—an essential component for global CO2 emission reduction” by Alistair Miller, FCIC. An interim executive for the division is in place. The executive consists of: Energy Division chair, Bruce Peachey, FCIC, president of New Paradigm Engineering, Ltd.; Mark Johnstone, MCIC, director of Technology and Strategy at Suncor Energy Inc.; John Grace, FCIC, professor in the department of chemical and biological engineering at The University of British Columbia; Terry McIntyre, MCIC, chief of applied environmental biology at Environment Canada; Alistair Miller, FCIC, senior research associate and researcher emeritus at Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL); and Philippe Tanguy, MCIC, Total professor and director of RCIFP at École Polytechnique. The executive and division will work together to help Canada maintain its prime position in the energy arena. Chemical Institute of Canada
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Council of Canadian Academies
Photo by Alen Hadzovic
Boosting Bio-Hybrids The Ontario government is investing $10 million in the Bioindustrial Innovation Centre in Sarnia, ON, to stimulate the development of a bio-hybrid chemical industry in the region. The funding will be used to retrofit 6,000 square metres of existing laboratory space and add 6,000 square metres for an incubator centre. It is expected to attract more than $1 billion in new private sector investment by 2014. Sarnia has long been one of Canada’s largest petrochemical clusters. It is hoped the new centre will generate new spin-offs while attracting bioindustrial plants to the area. Ministry of Research and Innovation
Mark Wall, MCIC, (left) and John Tran, MCIC, prepare a liquid chromatography/mass spectrometer for analysis of a protein mixture. They are graduate students in the department of chemistry at Dalhousie University, where Alison Thompson, MCIC, is director of the mass spectrometry laboratory.
Recognizing Canada’s Top Employers Dalhousie University tops the list of The Scientist’s “Best Places to Work in Academia.” Results of an international survey were published in the prestigious magazine’s November 2007 issue. The annual list divides research and academic institutions into American and international lists. Dalhousie is ranked number one in the international category. Another Canadian university, the University of Alberta in Edmonton, AB, cracks the top ten at number five. Alison Thompson, MCIC, enjoys working at Dalhousie because of the collegial and helpful people she interacts with in the department of chemistry. Instead of being competitive, professors in her department support each other and celebrate each other’s successes, she says. “I regard my competition as the rest of the Canada and the rest of the world,” says associate professor Thompson. “People here can only benefit by my success, as I do by theirs … with widespread recognition, the reputation of the whole department is enhanced.”
Xerox the Patent Powerhouse— 101 Inventors with 50+ Patents
Bayer Inc. was selected one of Canada’s Top 100 Employers for 2008 by Maclean’s magazine and one of Greater Toronto’s Top 50 Employers for 2008 by the Toronto Star. “We are thrilled to be acknowledged as one of Canada’s leading employers,” said Philip Blake, president and CEO of Bayer Inc., the Canadian subsidiary of Germanybased Bayer AG, with approximately 1,000 employees across Canada. “Our employees are incredibly dedicated and they are our greatest strength. At Bayer we recognize the importance of fostering a positive work environment and continually strive to support our employees through innovative and flexible programs designed to meet their needs.” “Bayer was selected as one of Canada’s top employers for its dedication to its employees, which is clearly demonstrated through their employee wellness programs and progressive benefits plan,” said Mediacorp Canada’s editorial board, which steers the selection process.
One hundred and one Xerox inventors have received 50 patents or more, showcasing a world-class culture of innovation. Xerox inventors have produced a wealth of innovations that distinguish the company’s products and services and have helped create the modern office and the digital printing industry. Polymer chemist Karen Moffat, MCIC, of the Xerox Research Centre Canada joins the ranks of these 50-plus patent holders. She is an expert in the area of toner materials design and synthesis. She holds 52 patents, many of which are related to toner materials including Xerox’s proprietary emulsion aggregation (EA) toner. EA toner is an energy-saving dry ink that produces sharp, vivid images. Xerox’s investment in innovation generates a steady stream of advanced technology. More than two-thirds of its equipment revenue is from products and services launched in the past two years alone, reflecting the company’s ability to generate a strong return on its R&D. Xerox holds more than 8,000 active patents and invests about six percent of its revenue in research, development, and engineering activities.
Dalhousie University and Bayer Inc.
february 2008 Canadian Chemical News
Breakfasts of Champions
Trading Water for Oil
Experts and advocates champion their causes while knowledge-hungry audiences feast at two popular breakfast lecture series in the nation’s capital.
Proposed Amendments for Environmental Emergency
Reversing Effects of Climate Change
NSERC president Suzanne Fortier, FCIC, introduces Bacon & Eggheads speaker Randy Mikula, FCIC.
The Honourable John Baird, MP Ottawa West-Nepean and Minister of the Environment drew a crowd at Eggs ‘N Icons. January 2008 marked the end date posed ten years ago by the Kyoto Agreement. And Canada weighs in at 32.9 percent above the assigned targets. While the debate persists about whether targets were ever feasible for Canada, Environment Minister John Baird stands strong behind his commitment to reduce Canadian greenhouse gas emissions 20 percent by a new date 2020. That was the focus of the minister’s November 30, 2007 Eggs ‘N Icons address “Taking Action and Climate Change Conservation.” Baird highlighted a proposed plan requiring Canada and its collaborators to forge ahead on projects such as developing and deploying new technology, using carbon credits, funding provinces’ efforts to improve energy efficiency and conservation, fining polluters, bolstering British Columbia’s hydrogen highway, boosting hydropower in Manitoba, and accepting accountability for our nation’s role in the mix. Baird’s guests enjoyed a breakfast of locally grown produce, chosen specifically to minimize the event’s carbon footprint.
L’Actualité chimique canadienne fÉvrier 2008
It takes 12 barrels of water to extract one barrel of bitumen. Managing the resulting waste slurry of wet sand or “tailings” has become the focus of Randy Mikula, FCIC’s team of chemists who work with the surface-mined oil sands product at CANMET in Devon, AB. The volume of tailings has increased exponentially with the dramatic expansion of the oil sands activity in Alberta. Tailings have been diverted to above-ground dykes, but a more environmentally sound management system is sought for the long term. Mikula’s team seeks an improved method of storing fluid fine tailings to mitigate the environmental impact. They also seek to reduce the amount of water required by the bitumen extraction process. And they’re succeeding. Mikula’s team has developed a method of solidifying the liquid tailings into clay. By adding calcium salts or gypsum to the tailings, they are able to characterize nano-scale particles. The tailings are transformed into a substance that is so firm it is stackable. The transformed substance can then be distributed on the ground and reforested. Mikula’s efforts were the subject of the Bacon & Eggheads lecture “Trading Water for Oil—Tailings Management in Surface-Mined Oil Sands” at Parliament Hill on November 29, 2007. The presentation was co-sponsored by PAGSE and NSERC. NSERC president Suzanne Fortier, FCIC, introduced Mikula to an influential audience of government officials, media, and policy makers.
The Environmental Emergency (E2) Regulations came into force under the authorities of section 200 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA), 1999 on November 18, 2003. These regulations require the development and implementation of environmental emergency plans for 174 substances with associated thresholds that, if released to the environment as a result of an environmental emergency, may harm human health or environmental quality. Thirty-four new substances are being recommended for addition to the regulations at this time. CEPA 1999 provides instruments to protect the environment and human health. The preparation of environmental emergency plans can be required for substances that have been assessed to be “toxic” under section 64 of CEPA 1999 and are on the “List of Toxic Substances” or are recommended for addition to that list as outlined under section 199 of Part 8. Section 200 of CEPA 1999 allows substances to be added to the E2 regulations even if they are not labelled as a “CEPA-toxic.” As of December 27, 2006, Schedule 1 has some 85 substances. This set of amendments has addressed which of the substances on Schedule 1 require environmental emergency plans. Although Schedule 1 substances are continually being added, this set of amendments has brought to closure many of the substances that had been on Schedule 1 since the 1990s. Because the current regulations did not take into account possible effects to the environment, these amendments have included environmental thresholds. The current regulations will be reassessed for their potential to cause damage to the environment at a later time. Most of the substances assessed are found on Schedule 1, but belong to classes of substances. For example, sulphur hexafluoride is within the class of substances called, “Inorganic Fluorides.” Of the 65 substances originally listed on Schedule 1, there are actually
Chemical Institute of Canada
Photos by Heather Dana Munroe
97 reports because the classes of substances can have many compounds. Three of the substances, namely styrene, acetic acid and ammonium nitrate, were never on Schedule 1. Industry considered them to be chemicals of concern and requested they be added to these amendments. This illustrates that industry is aware of the potential hazards of catastrophic spills of certain substances and is demonstrating a proactive approach to protecting their employees and the population at large. Some of the 65 substances and classes of substances listed were rejected because they were regulated under another Act of parliament. Others were not accepted for E2 plans due to the fact that they were by‑products or contaminants and were not stored. A few did not require E2 plans because they were being phased out and were no longer allowed to be manufactured. For others, P2 plans were more applicable than E2 plans. A total of 34 remaining substances were assigned threshold quantities and are being proposed for addition.
The current list of regulated substances The E2 regulations currently have 174 substances and their associated thresholds in the Canada Gazette Part II notice registered August 20, 2003. These substances have been divided into two categories: Part I (flammable substances); and Part II (other hazardous substances).
The proposed list of substances There have been 97 reports written on these substances or classes of substances that are available on request. The proposed amendments and the new substances being proposed for addition to the E2 regulations can be found at www.ec.gc.ca/CEPARegistry/Regulations/ under the title “Environmental Emergency.” Although 34 substances are being proposed for addition to the E2 Regulations, the list is not final since negotiations are still underway. The list may be modified before it is published in Canada Gazette Part II. Environment Canada has created environmental threshold quantities in order to fulfill the requirements of CEPA, which is to protect humans and the environment. Since the current regulations did not take into consideration environmental thresholds, the amendments will provide considerations for potential spills to the environment. At some point in the future, all of the current substances will be re-examined to determine their possible impact on the environment in the event of a spill. The proposed regulations were published in Canada Gazette Part I on June 9, 2007, and are expected to be published in Canada Gazette Part II for the spring of 2008. Unanticipated changes to the amendments may occur as the amendments have not formally been accepted or reviewed by the public at large. The Canada Gazette is also available free of charge at http://canadagazette. gc.ca. For additional information contact CEPAE2@ec.gc.ca.
IndustrialBriefs NOVA Chemicals Corporation announced that Chris Pappas, formerly senior vice-president, was appointed president and COO effective January 1, 2008. Jeffrey M. Lipton will continue as CEO. NOVA announced plans for a series of polyethylene plant modernization and expansion projects in the Sarnia, ON region. The projects will add a total of up to 250 million pounds per year of new polyethylene capacity in stages over the next two years. “These projects should have about a two-year payback and will generate meaningful earnings growth for our shareholders in every part of the industry business cycle,” said Lipton. The projects include: upgrading products; improving reliability and expanding the low-density polyethylene unit at Mooretown, ON; optimizing the high-density polyethylene unit at Mooretown to increase throughput rates and improve product quality; and debottlenecking high-density polyethylene and linear low-density polyethylene production at the St. Clair River site at Corunna, ON. The projects are now feasible because the Corunna flexi-cracker modernization completed in 2007 has successfully delivered greater ethylene capacity, increased energy efficiency, improved plant reliability, and global cost competitiveness. The total cost of the projects will be approximately $80 million, which will not result in a material change in the company’s overall capital program. The projects will require appropriate board of directors approvals as they proceed. NOVA and SEEA Polymers announced they have signed a letter of intent to form a joint venture to build and operate a new expandable polystyrene (EPS) plant in Romania. The proposed facility will have production capacity of 100 kilotonnes per year and is expected to start operations by late 2009.
Kimberly Hradecky, MCIC, and Kerry Ketcheson, Environment Canada
february 2008 Canadian Chemical News
Chemfusion Joe Schwarcz, MCIC
First Thing About Phosphates
ention “phosphates” and most people think of dishwashing detergents and algae in lakes. But there’s so much more to these chemicals. They play a role in the production of commercial products ranging from toothpaste and processed cheese to paints and ham. But first things first. Without phosphates we wouldn’t be here to talk about phosphates. They are essential to life. They’re in our bones, our teeth, and our DNA. We get the phosphates our bodies need from the food we eat. Phosphates enter our food supply from the soil. Phosphorous-containing compounds, mostly in the form of calcium phosphates, are found in all soils that are suitable for growing crops. In fact, crops cannot grow without an adequate supply of phosphorous. We meet our requirements either by eating crops directly, or by eating the animals that have been raised on these crops. And we need a constant supply because the various phosphate-containing substances in our body, including our bones, are continuously being turned over. Used phosphorous is excreted mostly as sodium ammonium phosphate and ends up in sewage. Some of the phosphate that has been excreted eventually returns to the soil where crops can absorb it, but this natural cycle is too inefficient to meet the needs of massive food production. This is where fertilizers come into the picture. Spreading sewage or decomposing plant and animal matter on fields can supply phosphates, but there aren’t enough of these materials available to feed the world’s growing population. Back in 1830, the famed German
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chemist Justus von Liebig noted that bones treated with an acid made for an excellent fertilizer in the form of monocalcium phosphate. But the supply of bones was limited. This problem was solved with the discovery of large deposits of phosphate-containing minerals at various locations around the world. Phosphate mining quickly became a huge industry. Rocks were converted into monocalcium phosphate through a treatment with sulfuric acid. Agricultural yields increased dramatically! It wasn’t long before phosphates proved their worth in areas other than agriculture. Monocalcium phosphate monohydrate was found to be effective in releasing carbon dioxide upon reaction with sodium bicarbonate and became a basic component of baking powder. James Kraft discovered that disodium phosphate was ideal for distributing butterfat evenly through cheese, making the production of pasteurized processed cheese possible. Phosphates improve the moisture retention properties of ham and sausages, increasing juiciness and enhancing flavour. They are added to instant cereals and various pasta products to increase water absorption and reduce cooking time. The greyish discoloration sometimes seen in potatoes caused by the reaction of iron and tannins in the potato can be curbed by phosphates, which can bind with iron. Dicalcium phosphate is one of the most commonly used polishing agents in toothpastes. Trisodium phosphate readily removes many types of paint from surfaces. Sodium polyphosphate prevents the formation of harmless but scary looking “struvite” crystals in canned seafood. Phosphates are also used to keep salt flowing freely and disperse pigments in paints for a uniform consistency. But the most important and most controversial non-agricultural use of phosphates has been as “builders” in cleaning products. Builders are substances that increase the cleaning efficiency of detergents. Phosphates accomplish this in several ways and are nearly ideal builders. They sequester calcium and magnesium ions that interfere with the action of detergents. They help keep dirt particles in suspension after they are removed from a surface. They break down greasy substances into water-soluble compounds. There is, however, an environmental price to pay for this efficiency. Phosphates, being excellent fertilizers, foster the growth of plants and algae when they end up in water systems. This overfertilization
or “eutrophication” has serious consequences. When aquatic plants die, they decompose and use up some of the oxygen in water that is required to support animal life. And there is also the possibility of fostering blooms of potentially toxic algae, as we have already seen. Because of the gravity of such environmental issues, phosphates have been removed from most detergents. They have been replaced by a variety of builders such as nitrilotriacetic acid, sodium carbonate, and various silicates that perform well in laundry products. But dishwashing detergents present a different problem. Removing hardened food remnants from dishes is a tougher job than getting stains off clothes, and there is the added problem of preventing mineral deposits stemming from the use of hard water on glasses and dishes. Phosphates accomplish this feat remarkably well. But chemists are rising to the challenge of replacing phosphates in automatic dishwasher products. Sodium carbonate is an adequate builder, but water-soluble acrylic and maleic polymers have also been developed to bind hardness minerals while removing and dispersing food soil. Enzymes can be added to break down food particles and oxygen bleaches such as sodium perborate help get rid of food stains. Eliminating phosphates from dishwashing detergents is a solvable problem. But phosphates from detergents are not the main source of phosphates in our water systems. Not by a long shot. Sewage is the major problem. And there are sewage treatment systems that can effectively remove phosphates by precipitating them with the addition of specific calcium, iron, or aluminum compounds. Unfortunately, there aren’t enough of these systems on-line, and we need major improvements here along with the removal of phosphates from dishwashing detergents. If you are concerned that the phosphate-free dishwashing detergents may not be quite as effective, then just make sure you scrape the food off your dishes before putting them in the dishwasher. And scrape it into the compost bin you should have in your kitchen.
Popular science writer, Joe Schwarcz, MCIC, is the director of McGill University’s Office for Science and Society. He hosts the Dr. Joe Show on Montréal’s radio station CJAD and Toronto’s CFRB. The broadcast is available on the Web at www.CJAD.com. You can contact him at firstname.lastname@example.org.
w w w . p a c i f i c h e m . o r g
Pacifichem 2010 Call for Symposia Round one of two opens January 1, 2008 and closes April 14, 2008.
he Canadian Society for Chemistry (CSC) is the host society. Howard Alper, HFCIC, O.C., University of Ottawa, is the Congress Chair and Steven Holdcroft, FCIC, Simon Fraser University/National Research Council (NRC) is the Technical Program Chair. Other sponsoring societies are the American Chemical Society (ACS), Chemical Society of Japan (CSJ), Chinese Chemical Society (CCS), Korean Chemical Society (KCS), New Zealand Institute of Chemistry (NZIC), and the Royal Australian Chemical Institute (RACI).
Guidelines for submitting proposals and more information on the Congress can be found on the Pacifichem 2010 website at www.pacifichem.org. It is best to submit proposals early as room for new symposia will decrease after the first round.
Promoting scientific exchange in the Pacific basin for a healthy and sustainable future.
Core Areas of Chemistry: analytical, inorganic, macromolecular, organic, and physical, theoretical, and computational Multi-and Cross-Disciplinary Areas of Chemistry: agrochemistry, biological, environmental, and materials and nanotechnology Challenges and Opportunities for Chemistry: alternate energy technology, chemistry outreach to the community, health and technology, and security
Jobs Are Out There Pierre Beaumier, MCIC
The president of Maxxam Analytics shares his successful job application formula.
ver the past 34 years working in the “lab” industry, I have interviewed and hired many job applicants. I thought I might share some of my thoughts and experiences on the hiring process and how to get the job you want. Is there a secret method to getting a good job? Yes. Based on my experience, I would say that there are three key variables to the successful job application formula—the interview, the interview, and the interview. And the two primary skills to acquire in order to master the interview process are: (1) how to get an interview; and (2) how to conduct yourself during the interview. More often than not, it’s these fundamental skills that successfully transform the job applicant into the valued employee.
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Getting the interview The most fundamental and critical part of the equation in the interview process is: No Interview = No Job. It’s as simple as that. Without an interview you’re simply not going to get the job. Therefore, the number one priority has to be to get the interview. Otherwise, it will make no difference how smart you are or what qualifications you have. So, what’s the standard operating procedure that you should be following to get your foot in the door? The primary tool at your disposal is the résumé—where it all begins.
Résumés and cover letters Your résumé needs to be well written, focused, and interesting to read. For each job that I’ve posted over the last quarter century, there have usually been over 100 applicants. If the résumé doesn’t immediately attract and hold my attention, then I will return to working on the many samples on the Bunsen burner. Inevitably, I’m going to move on to the next résumé in the pile. The résumé needs to be concise while conveying as much information as possible without any spelling mistakes. It always amazes me how many applicants don’t take the time to run their résumés through the Spell Checker. Inevitably, there are errors. Spend time on your résumé or don’t expect anyone to spend time reading and considering it. In assessing a résumé, I definitely consider the experience and length of employment with previous employers. When I see that someone has switched jobs every year like a bouncing ball, a red flag goes up and I set the résumé aside. The cost of training is an issue for most companies these days and we’re all seeking individuals who are interested in becoming long-term employees. Companies are looking for people we can invest in with the confidence that we’re not just being used as another short-term rung in their career ladder. While as much as 20 percent of the applications I receive do not include a cover letter, it should be considered as a key component to the overall résumé package. Your covering letter should be tailored to the specific job as much as possible. Nearly 80 percent of the covering letters that I receive come across as form letters. Without the personal touch, it will neither attract nor hold my attention, and I’m back to that Bunsen burner. While a covering letter also needs to be concise by definition, it should contain more information than “please find my résumé attached.” The letter should be personable, polite, positive, and grammatically correct. As I am a scientist, I tend to walk on the wild side, so I’ll dare to emphasize again that it cannot contain spelling mistakes. None whatsoever! Enthusiasm is a key element that should be evident in the covering letter. In fact, that single attribute that will usually prompt me to consider a résumé further. On rare occasions, it may be enough for me to forgive a dreaded spelling mistake!
Be sure to include any volunteer work on your résumé. Those who contribute to society will always receive additional attention during an interview.
At the interview Once you’re at the interview, your priority shifts to selling yourself. I’m the buyer and it’s your task to fulfill the dual role of service provider and sales person. It’s all about how you present yourself to the interviewer. Ensure that you answer the questions about what you have and haven’t done honestly. The ubiquitous HR-type question that we’ve all learned to ask is, “What are your
key variables to being successful in the interview are attitude, attitude, and attitude. With the right attitude, you are capable of tackling problems and adapting to the ever-changing work environment. With the right attitude, the weaknesses that you so honestly conveyed will come across as opportunities to grow, an eagerness to learn, and a willingness to adapt. Stay positive throughout the interview. And no matter what, never say anything negative about your previous employer. Bad mouthing your previous employer is to the interview what spelling mistakes are to the résumé. Don’t be afraid to ask questions during the interview. The questions asked of the
Interview Overview When searching for a position, plan your approach by: • learning as much about the company as you can; • preparing your résumé accordingly; • identifying the name of the person reviewing the résumé; • sending a covering letter that highlights why you should be considered; • following up with a phone call to determine if the résumé was of interest and focus on getting an interview; • preparing for the strengths and weaknesses question, and communicating openly; • selling yourself on your total skill set. Your scientific knowledge may be a given; • making sure your references will give a positive assessment of you; • staying positive in all your communications. strengths and weaknesses?” I usually hear a barrage of strengths, but very few weaknesses. That is clearly an indication that the interviewees are either being dishonest with me or with themselves. As a professional, you should know what areas need further development and growth. I want to hear what you are doing to improve in those areas. What is your plan? How open are you to grow as an individual and as a professional in my organization? Most HR professionals look for positive attitude emanating from the covering letter/ résumé, however, this is especially critical during the interview. If the key three variables to getting a job are the interview, the interview, and the interview, then the three
interviewer initiate a two-way dialogue that will demonstrate your communication skills, intelligence, and that you’ve done your homework relating to the company. A lack of questions conveys an interest in getting a job, not particularly this job, but any job. That said, avoid questions about overtime policies, start/stop times, break durations, vacations, and employee benefits. If the answers to these questions are critical to you, wait until you’ve been offered the job before asking them. Multi-tasking is a critical part of life these days and the typical lab is certainly no exception. You’ll have an advantage over your competition if you can demonstrate an ability to manage multiple tasks simultaneously
february 2008 Canadian Chemical News 13
while prioritizing your workload. Demonstrating a methodical approach to ensuring tasks are completed to schedule and that risks are avoided will set you apart. The value of your scientific knowledge and experience increases tenfold when combined with good,
Is there a secret method to getting a good job? Yes. sound project management skills. If you have any experience or formal training in this area, be sure it is clearly stated on your résumé and that you communicate this strength during the interview. It is one thing to have leadership skills, but an entirely different thing to manage projects well. The working environment in most industries today is team oriented and employers are looking for smart individuals who can function well in a team environment. I need to know that you will not be disruptive but will add to the “chemistry” of the team. I am always interested in individuals who are passionate about their profession. I am less inclined to pursue those who view their profession as “just a job!” Remember, passion is what drives change in our world. Passionate leaders motivate and inspire their followers.
To be an effective leader, you need to be passionate about your profession, your work, and your company. Too often, we scientists mask our passion, as we tend to be more reserved by nature. Take pride in your profession!
Practice makes perfect Along with the ever-changing industrial base in Canada come opportunities that should be considered by the job hunter. Think beyond the lab. There are positions in quality departments that did not exist 30 years ago. There are positions in process improvement programs like Six Sigma in which corporations are investing. I suggest that you look further into topics such as ISO accreditation and Six Sigma processes. If you have a creative nature and a science background, there are also marketing or sales positions that should be explored. One of the most troubling things I see in today’s job market is the PhD looking for a job. Opportunities to pursue “pure” research in the Canadian marketplace (outside of academia) are few and far between. How many times have I heard from individuals who were turned down because they were over qualified for the job? From my perspective, the letters “PhD” after a candidate’s name indicates someone who is passionate about chemistry, has tenacity, and potentially, has solid leadership and
communication skills. These are the attributes they should portray in their résumé and covering letter. The PhDs reading this article might scream, “What about my thesis that has been my life for the past few years?” Your thesis topic may or may not be of interest to the potential employer. Let the interviewer bring it up if he/she is interested. Be selective about your references, and make sure your references are reliable. I am often asked the question, “Would you hire the individual back?” If your references are previous employers, be sure they have prepared an answer for this question. The interview is a learning experience and should be seen as such. You have the opportunity to improve every time you go through the process. If you are relaxed and enjoying the process, you will come across as being confident and pleasant to work with. Finding a job is made easier by remembering the fundamentals. The candidates with the strong interpersonal skills, integrity, and persistence will succeed.
Pierre Beaumier, MCIC, has witnessed Maxxam Analytics’ growth from a small company of four people to a Canadian success story with 1,400 employees. He’s been with Maxxam for 34 years and has held many jobs from chief chemist to president.
ACCN 2008 February Careers in the Chemical Professions March Students and the Public Understanding of Chemistry April Chemistry in Art May Research June Sports July/August The Changing Face of the Chemical Enterprise September Geochemistry October Climate Change November/December Genetics M a r s Les étudiants et le programme de sensibilisation à la chimie Avril La chimie dans l’art Mai La recherche Juin Les sports Juillet/août la chimie : une industrie en changement Septembre La géochimie Octobre Le changement climatique Novembre/ décembre La génétique Submit your ideas to | Envoyez vos idées à email@example.com 14 L’Actualité chimique canadienne fÉvrier 2008
orld W g n i g an for a Ch
8th World Congress of Chemical Engineering
Incorporating the 59th Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference and the XXIV interamerican congress of chemical engineering
MontrĂŠal, Quebec, Canada â€˘ August 23-27,
… there are little things that everyone can do to help address the gender imbalance …
Examining the choices made by today’s women in science and engineering
hat makes a woman enter a male-dominated career? Perhaps a better question is what keeps women from entering lucrative, cutting-edge chemical fields? Although more and more women have been entering professions like chemistry, a significant gender imbalance still persists. Statistics Canada reports that Canadian women, despite making up over half of the population, represented only 19.15, 19.03 and 21.48 percent of the workforce in natural and applied science-related fields in 1991, 1996, and 2001, respectively.1 Similarly disproportionate representation with increasing female participation has been seen across chemical fields. Professional engineer and University of Guelph professor, Valerie Davidson, MCIC, is one example of a woman entering and succeeding in what has long been a male-dominated field. She is a woman who is both living and supporting change. With early intentions to study medicine, Davidson remembers being encouraged by a university liaison officer to consider chemical engineering because of its potential to be a foundation for so many things. Davidson considers her entry into engineering as somewhat serendipitous. Trained as a chemical engineer, Davidson began her post-secondary education in a program where she remembers being one of two women. While this came with certain advantages, including greater recognition within the university engineering community, things like the limited number of female washrooms emphasized the fact that the presence of women in the field was still relatively new. After participating in some exciting
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work in research laboratories, she was mentored toward graduate studies. This support, she believes, was instrumental in her decision to complete a Master’s of Science in food science at the University of Guelph. She later returned to Guelph as a professor. After completing her Master’s, Davidson took an exciting position as a consulting engineer. She recalls that this was an unusual position for a woman, but she doesn’t recall it being a problem. After finding she enjoyed research, Davidson entered a doctoral program in applied chemistry and chemical engineering at the University of Toronto and recognized that a cultural shift had begun. While women were still under-represented, their presence in non-traditional fields had increased. Collaborating with a research group and Agriculture Canada in Ottawa, ON, Davidson obtained her PhD in a short three and a half years and began working in commercial process development. Taking small-scale food production ideas and turning them into feasible large-scale commercial production processes allowed her to get back into the analytical laboratory. She was able to focus on applied problem solving, which, to Davidson, is the best part of being an engineer. Davidson realized her love of teaching and made the move to academia. She has established a strong interdisciplinary research program in food engineering with an emphasis on the applications of fuzzy mathematics and statistical methods to process control and decisionsupport systems, especially in relation to food safety. Beyond the traditional teaching and research roles of an academic, she has become
a champion of women in science and engineering, encouraging change by supporting women throughout their career path. Recipient of the prestigious Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) Chair for Women in Science and Engineering for Ontario supported by Hewlett Packard, Davidson runs a program with the aim of increasing the participation of women in science and engineering and providing role models for women considering careers in these fields. Outreach activities, such as Go Eng Girl, encourage girls in elementary and high school to keep studying math and science, and to recognize and explore the array of study and career opportunities open to them. Other NSERC Chair activities focus on career transitions and support, including upcoming mentoring and skill development activities. The importance of more than just technical competencies is often overlooked by new graduates, employees and in educational programs. Employers repeatedly point to flexibility, leadership, conflict management, communications, creativity, and visioning as value skills that employees lack.3 Davidson recommends looking for experiences to broaden these complementary competencies. Despite our busy schedules, Davidson suggests that there are little things that everyone can do to help address the gender imbalance in many science and engineering fields. Role models are of fundamental importance, yet, much of what we know about careers comes from television. Conveying to others what you do and thereby expanding girls’ understanding of their options is an important step. NSERC Chair outreach work has revealed the general public’s limited understanding of what engineers do. Expressing an honest but positive impression of your work, even in a casual conversation, can also make a difference. While academic positions come with certain stresses, it is important to share the benefits, including the freedom and the opportunity to travel and work with great students and colleagues on important and cutting-edge subjects. Davidson’s role as the chair of the upcoming 12th Canadian Coalition of Women in Engineering, Science, Trades, and Technology (CCWESTT) Conference is another avenue to counteract the gender imbalance in many science and engineering fields. The conference will be held at the University of Guelph May 29 to 31, 2008. The event will celebrate
Group photo by Martin Schwalbe
women’s contributions and build on successful initiatives to advance women in science, engineering, trades, and technology (SETT). Conference participants will examine the intersecting areas of education, the workplace, and career/life balance. There will be opportunities to communicate the latest research and best practices to enhance diversity in SETT, participate in professional and career development, network, and engage in strategic planning of future initiatives. Davidson also works with women in university careers, working on issues of institutional support. While many policy changes have taken place in the past 20 years, the trickle down has not been equally felt. She notes, for example, that while adequate maternity leaves may seem “old hat” in many places, in some disciplines, they are a relatively new issue and continue to be a struggle
additional information on the CCWESTT Conference, visit www.CCWESTT2008.ca.
References 1. Statistics Canada. Catalogue No. 97F0012XCB2001022. 2. Statistics Canada. Catalogue No. 97F0012XCB2001022. 3. Frederick Evers, James Rush, and Iris Berdrow, The Bases of Competencies: Skills for Lifelong Learning and Employability (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1998).
Jennifer Fender completed her MA in political science and international development at the University of Guelph and is now working as a project manager for Women in Science and Engineering.
Percentage of Women in Chemical Professions2
33. 36 38.62
Applied chemical technologists and technicians
for new parents. The “tenure versus children” challenge is still ongoing for many current and aspiring academics. Issues like these emphasize the importance of continued efforts towards change. From Davidson’s perspective, “everybody probably has different points when they start to recognize the gender imbalance … [and] start to question it because it’s either clearly causing them a roadblock or they’re reluctant to consider a certain path because, again, they will be isolated.” Perhaps through the continued efforts of Davidson and other advocates for change, these experiences will not be repeated by the daughters of future generations. Learn more about Davidson’s activities at www.soe.uoguelph.ca/webfiles/cwse. For
CSWE chair Valerie Davidson, MCIC, project manager Jennifer Fender, and outreach coordinator Virginia Kostianiuk.
february 2008 Canadian Chemical News 17
Recruitment and Retention
What can be done to attract women to the field of chemical engineering? Emily Moore, MCIC And keep them there?
ince the Montréal Massacre in 1989, there has been a concerted effort by the engineering profession to recruit more women. These efforts have yielded significant fruit. From 1991 to 2001, the enrolment of women in Canadian undergraduate engineering programs rose steadily from 16 percent in 1991 to over 20 percent from 1999 to 2001. However, female enrolment has eroded in the past few years, from 20.6 percent in 2001 to 17.5 percent in 2005 (“Canadian Engineers for Tomorrow—Trends in Engineering Enrolment and Degrees Awarded 2001 to 2005,” Engineers Canada, 2006). The cause of this decline is not clear. A closer look at the data suggests that chemical engineering is not immune to the national trends. While the discipline continues to have the highest female participation rate, the percentage of women in undergraduate chemical engineering programs has followed the same arc, declining from a peak of 43.8 percent in 2001 to 38.2 percent in 2005. Of course, recruiting more women into engineering is only half the battle. Retaining them in the profession is just as important. Retention is more difficult to track and measure, but we can begin by looking at the trends from undergraduate to graduate degrees. A survey of the Canadian Association of University Teacher’s data for 2004 to 2005 shows that the participation rate declines in postgraduate degrees, with women accounting for 40.2 percent at the BSc level, 29.6 percent at the MSc level, and only 26.0 percent at the doctoral level.
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Perhaps the women who are not going into postgraduate work are opting for industrial careers instead? Data on women in the Canadian chemical engineering workplace is hard to find, but there are several studies to which we can look for insight. The 2001 Canadian Census found that only 11.1 percent of the total Canadian engineering workforce was female. This low number may reflect the low participation rates in undergraduate programs prior to 1991, but it does suggest a loss of women post graduation. A study published in October 2007 by the Society of Women Engineers (SWE) surveyed more than 6,000 U.S. engineering graduates and found that one-in-four women who enters engineering leaves the profession after the age of 30. Only one-in-ten of their male counterparts does the same. Given the recognized importance of having senior leadership role models and mentors for retaining and recruiting women in any profession, the chemical engineering community must ensure that it is developing women into senior leadership positions. It is important that the profession looks to the reasons that women are leaving the profession and develop strategies to retain them. The 2007 SWE study found that while both men and women cited better opportunities for advancement and increased salary as the top reasons for leaving the engineering field, women were more likely to cite desire for a more family-friendly work environment and more interesting work. These observations are certainly consistent with other studies that cite the
particular importance of work/life balance to women. Another challenge for many engineering women is the reality of being part of a dual career couple. Several universities, especially those in less urban centres, have started to recognize the challenge of recruiting faculty in a dual-career relationship and have started innovative programming to help the “accompanying partner” to find meaningful work close to the university. Employers need to consider that when they are hiring an engineer, they are often “hiring” the whole family. This is perhaps increasingly true as we consider the demographic shift that is
chemical engineering is not immune to the national trends happening now as Generation Y—the newest recruits to the profession born between 1977 and 1994—enters the profession. It has been often reported that Generation Y also cites work/life balance as ranking extremely high. For these young students and new professionals, the need for balance is often not about parenting yet, but about diversity of interests and a commitment to family and friends. “Making a difference” is also an often cited requirement for Generation Y. Perhaps this is relates to the need for “more interesting work” cited by the women in the SWE study. It may be that employers who can offer balance, flexibility, and meaning will be more successful recruiting and retaining not only women, but Generation Y as well.
Chemists in Canada Update on Professional Status It’s the perfect time to revisit the status of the recognition of the profession of chemistry in Canada. Dave Schwass, MCIC, introduced you to some of the basic issues in the March 2006 issue of ACCN, and provided an update in the December 2006 issue. There has been a lot of acitivity across Canada since then. The Canadian Society for Chemistry (CSC) has taken a prominent role in working with the various chemists associations and societies to promote the value and contributions of chemical professionals. In June 2005, under Schwass’ leadership as CSC vice-president at the time, the CSC board of directors approved an initiative to “increase the awareness and recognition of the practice of chemistry as a profession in Canada.” An important step forward was the formation of the National Advisory Committee on the Profession of Chemistry in Canada—a Canada-wide committee that unites organizations concerned about advancing the professional practice and recognition of chemists in Canada. The committee includes the newly formed Association of the Chemical Profession of British Columbia (ACPBC), the Association of the Chemical Profession of Alberta (ACPA), the Association of the Chemical Profession of Ontario (ACPO), the Nova Scotia Chemists’ Society (NSCS), and the Ordre des chimistes du Québec (OCQ). Each group has its own characteristics but the goals and objectives are the same. For example, only the OCQ has the right to practice and the right to title under law so far. ACPBC, ACPO, and ACPA all have the right to title. What’s the difference between the right to practice and right to title? These concepts and others that are critical to the practice of chemistry will be the subject of future ACCN articles. Stay tuned! For now, visit the Profession Awareness Web site at www.chemistry.ca/profession_awareness to further investigate the profession in Canada. At the December 2007 meeting, NACPCC participants identified four priorities for 2008 and a task team was formed for each. The priorities are to provide a professional liability insurance package, to address the issue of transferability of professional designations, to recognize and better include chemical technologists, and to include profession-related subjects in the curriculum. Chemists are professionals who contribute substantially to the economic, environmental, and personal health and safety of Canadians. We just think everyone should know! Look for more in the coming months from the NACPCC. Ray Clement, FCIC
ACPBC Enters the Scene
Emily Moore, MCIC, is an area manager in process engineering at the Xerox Research Centre of Canada in Mississauga, ON, and the CSChE director of outreach and student affairs.
The Association of the Chemical Profession of British Columbia (ACPBC) was incorporated as a society under the Societies Act of British Columbia on May 8, 2007. This is the first provincial body created to represent the profession in BC. ACPBC’s raison d’être is to provide a voice for all chemical professionals in the province. ACPBC president Paul West, FCIC, said, “The practice of chemistry plays a vital role in environmental protection, health, and new energy technologies, and as the basis for many advances in the emerging areas of nanotechnology and biotechnology. The ACPBC will bring a formal presence, representing members of this important profession in British Columbia.” The association’s Web site offers additional information on its mandate, its proposed code of ethics, and how to join. Visit www.pchembc.ca. Long before its official incorporation, the ACPBC was active in the professional awareness program initiated by the CSC to raise awareness and recognition of the practice of chemistry as a profession in Canada. The creation of this new association brings to five the number of provincial associations participating in the National Advisory Committee on the Profession of Chemist in Canada (NACPCC).
february 2008 Canadian Chemical News 19
20 L’Actualité chimique canadienne fÉvrier 2008
chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem eng chem chem eng
One Hundred Years of Chemical Dependence
ne Hundred Years of Chemical Dependence—Eng Chem.” That slogan was printed on our t-shirts back in 1998, as we celebrated the 100th birthday of the engineering chemistry (Eng Chem) program. Engineering chemistry? That’s right. Not to be confused with chemical engineering (Chem Eng), Eng Chem is a program unique to Queen’s University. It’s similar in principle to the engineering science program at the University of Toronto and the engineering physics programs at various universities.1 The oldest applied science discipline at Queen’s, Eng Chem combines chemical sciences and engineering into a challenging curriculum, one that is accredited by the Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board as an engineering discipline, and by the Canadian Society for Chemistry as a chemistry program.2 As such, graduates have the option of pursuing work or studies in chemistry, chemical engineering, or anywhere they can apply their chemical sciences knowledge.
hem eng eng chem chem eng ng chem chem eng eng chem eng hem chem eng eng chem chem ng eng chem chem eng chem What’s the difference? ng eng chem chem eng eng chem hem eng eng chem eng chem chem ng eng chem chem eng eng chem hem eng chem eng eng chem hem eng eng chem chem eng eng hem eng chem chem eng eng chem hem eng eng chem chem eng hem eng eng chem chem eng eng hem chem eng eng chem eng chem hem eng
To understand the difference between an engineering chemist and a chemical engineer, the fields of chemistry and chemical engineering must be distinguished. While chemistry is the science concerned with the observation and discovery of chemical phenomena, chemical engineering is the branch of engineering concerned with the design, analysis, control, and optimization of an economical process. In doing so, chemical engineers must look at the macroscopic behaviour of chemical processes, including chemical reactions, phase equilibrium, and heat, mass, and momentum transfer.1 As with the engineering science program at the University of Toronto, the aim of the Eng Chem program is to train students as both scientists and engineers, in order to enhance their problem-solving abilities. Engineering Chemistry is therefore the use of chemical knowledge to solve engineering problems, which are not limited to chemical engineering problems.3 An engineering chemist is educated in both chemistry and chemical engineering principles, resulting in
22 L’Actualité chimique canadienne fÉvrier 2008
Jennifer Clarke, MCIC
a more in-depth knowledge of chemistry than a chemical engineer. This depth is at the expense of some training in chemical engineering, notably in process control and design.1 Graduates may choose to apply their education in the chemical or chemical engineering sectors, but some have worked in metallurgical, materials, civil, or mechanical engineering, solving problems that require knowledge of chemistry.2 The chemical engineering department has administrative responsibility for the Eng Chem program, but it is offered jointly by the departments of chemistry and chemical engineering.1
Eng Chem vs. Chem Eng—the curriculum Eng Chem and Chem Eng represent two of the ten disciplines available to Queen’s applied science students starting in their second year of study. The second year in both disciplines is similar, with students sharing courses in inorganic, analytical and organic chemistry, thermodynamics, ordinary differential equations, analysis of process data, chemical processes and systems, and numerical methods, as well as laboratory projects of an industrial nature. It is in the third year that the core difference between the two disciplines becomes apparent. In addition to traditional chemical engineering courses in heat and mass transfer, chemical reaction engineering, phase and reaction equilibrium, and technical communication, Eng Chem students take several courses in chemistry, including advanced inorganic and organic chemistry, spectroscopy, and quantum mechanics. Meanwhile, Chem Eng students take courses in wastewater treatment and process control, as well as advanced laboratory projects of industrial significance. In the last year of study, both Eng Chem and Chem Eng students take a process design course where they gain experience with industrial process design software. Chem Eng students continue their education in process design by working in teams to solve process problems for industrial clients.1 The project involves teamwork, project management, on-site visits, a presentation to industry management, and
ch ch ch ch ch ch en ch
hem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem eng chem hem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng chem eng eng chem hem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem eng chem chem eng eng chem hem eng eng chem chem eng chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem hem eng eng chem eng chem eng Challenges with chem eng graduates have the the Eng Chem program hem chem eng eng chem chem eng chem eng ng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng option of pursuing workeng hem eng chem chem or studies in chemistry,eng a professional report of findings. In contrast, Eng Chem students are required to conduct an independent research project, as are Honours Chemistry students. As with all the applied science disciplines, engineering chemistry is quantitative and is an accredited professional program. Graduates can enter the work-world and pursue careers similar to chemical engineering students. However, there are distinct benefits to choosing Eng Chem.
the outstanding woman engineer of her year. Kimberlee Potter (Eng Chem ‘90) became a research fellow at Cambridge and later worked for the National Institutes of Heatlth (NIH).3
Although well-respected, the Eng Chem program does have its downside. There is a constant struggle to balance the engineering and chemistry content to ensure accreditation as an engineering discipline while still providing a solid foundation in chemistry. Squeezing both fields of study into four years results in a demanding program that Knowledge You want to understand more of the fundamental chemistry can lead to a sense of behind chemical processes. being undefined, and graduates may feel Science deficient in some You want to pursue a career in a scientific laboratory environment. areas. Those who Dual perspective choose to pursue You like to look at chemical processes from a molecular and a graduate studies in macroscopic perspective. chemistry will have Dual interests to hit the textbooks You like chemistry and engineering sciences. harder to catch up to the chemists. SimiExpanded career options larly, when compared to You don’t want to be restricted to the chemical engineering chemical engineering gradufield. You want to have the career options open to both chemistry and engineering graduates. ates, those who choose to work as chemical engineers will lack some experience with process control, and advanced industrial projects and design. The discipline typically draws students who are looking for a challenge and who like the broad education it provides. Compared to other applied science disciplines, a It can be argued that engineering chemistry higher than average percentage of Eng Chem students have the initiative and preparation graduates pursue graduate studies or other to overcome such problems, due to the proprofessional degree programs. In addition, gram’s strong emphasis on fundamentals and employers familiar with the program are its heavy workload. This usually proves to be quick to recognize the quality of its students true, with many engineering chemists moving and their value to a variety of industries. on to graduate school or industry in chemistry As with Chem Eng, Eng Chem seems to ator some form of engineering.3 tract female students, accounting for ~50 perOne such graduate is Alfred Bader, HFCIC, cent of the discipline enrolment, in contrast to who founded the Aldrich Chemical Company the 21 to 25 percent found in the applied scithat is now part of Sigma-Aldrich. Bader used ence class.1 Many have moved on to impressive his education in both chemistry and chemical careers, including Emily Moore, MCIC (Eng engineering to mass-produce fine chemicals Chem ‘92), who was a Rhodes scholar and is for purchase.3 now a senior researcher at the Xerox Canada Graduates have also done a variety of work Research Centre. She bridged the gap between in other areas of engineering, applying their chemistry and manufacturing groups developknowledge to the development of polymers, ing toner technology as a scale-up engineer. semiconductors, lasers, fibre optics, the Kathy Preston (Eng Chem ‘92) graduated as extraction and purification of metals from
Why choose Eng Chem?
ore, the development of new materials for construction and biomedical purposes, and the restoration of the environment through site assessment and bioremediation.3 Others pursue completely new careers by entering
chemical engineering, or anywhere they can apply their chemical sciences knowledge
Eng Chem graduates
medical school, law school, consulting firms, education and MBA programs. Regardless of what they do, Eng Chem graduates receive support from their faculty, who take pride in the program, its history, its diverse education, and the students it attracts.
References 1. Correspondence with P. James McLellan, acting head of chemical engineering at Queen’s University 2. http://appsci.queensu.ca/calendar/ 2001-02/engchem.php 3. Correspondence with James D. McCowan, former dean of applied science at Queen’s University
Special thanks Many thanks to Michael Cunningham, MCIC, James D. McCowan, MCIC, and P. James McLellan, MCIC, for their support and helpful discussions. To contact Queen’s about engineering chemistry, please visit http://appsci. queensu.ca/programs/ and follow the links to engineering chemistry.
chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem chem eng eng chem eng chem chem eng Jennifer Clarke, MCIC, is a freelance
science writer based in Ottawa, ON. She
received her undergraduate training in
engineering chemistry at Queen’s University,
Kingston, ON. She can be reached at
february 2008 Canadian Chemical News 23
Tu rning A Corner N
obel laureate Richard Feynman once said, “Imagination reaches out repeatedly trying to achieve some higher level of understanding, until suddenly I find myself momentarily alone before one new corner of nature’s pattern of beauty and true majesty revealed.” Feynman was a brave man because turning a new corner is not an easy thing to do, particularly when the unknown awaits you on the other side. I was in school for an extensive amount of time for my undergraduate, graduate, and post-doctoral studies, but the most overwhelming task wasn’t completing my thesis. It was hunting for a job within my field. When I began my undergrad work in chemistry at York University, I was not aware of how interesting, diverse, and challenging the subject matter really was. In my fourth year, in a class taught by my thesis project supervisor Sylvie Morin, MCIC, I decided to pursue graduate school in the sciences. When the time came to choose a graduate school, I explored a few universities in Southwestern Ontario, and e-mailed professors in eastern and western Canada. It was
24 L’Actualité chimique canadienne fÉvrier 2008
Gavin Pereira, MCIC
quite an overwhelming process, but I am grateful to professor Morin for encouraging me and reassuring me that this was simply part of the process. I eventually met Peter Norton, FCIC, from the chemistry department at The University of Western Ontario (UWO), who presented a few projects that he was investigating. I remember two projects being described. One involved cell-motility regarding the molecule fibronectin, and the second was about “tribology.” The tribology project appealed to me because it had to do with target molecules in engine oils and the remarkable chemical and mechanical properties they possess. I wanted an industrial-based project within the materials science field, and this tribology project was directly supported by the Centre for Automotive Materials and Manufacturing (CAMM) and General Motors of Canada with General Motors R & D in Warren, MI. I remember leaving UWO after that initial visit feeling the excitement of having finally chosen a project. But I was also puzzled about how engine additives related to three types of biology. I quickly learned that tribology is the science The author loads an auto-sampler and will measure the volatiles from transformers using a tandem GC-MS.
of interacting surfaces in relative motion with underlying principles involving friction, lubrication and wear. It took me approximately four years to develop my skills through graduate school. I was investigating how a specific class of molecules called zinc dialkyldithiophosphates (ZDDPs), which are present in engine oils and transmission fluids, interact with emerging surfaces in the automobile. The automotive industry is interested in studies involving reduced ZDDPs because of the detrimental effects they have on the catalytic converter within an automobile engine. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has an on-going mandate to reduce the harmful pollutants caused by ZDDP emissions. My graduate experience at UWO offered me the opportunity to develop a varied skill set in the areas of surface science, mechanical engineering, physics, and contact mechanics. Due to the applied nature of my research, I also had the benefit of working closely with a number of academic and industrial experts in several of these fields. My graduate research had captured my imagination to such an extent that upon finishing my PhD, I accepted a post-doctoral position at UWO under Peter Norton and William Lennard. I continued my studies on wear in tribological systems using an ion beam approach. I was already in a position to ad-
workshops and conferences. Conference-mixers, poster sessions, lunches, and dinners are great ways to meet people on a personal level. I’ve learned many new things just by introducing myself, and asking about their research interests or anything that piqued my curiosity. Most scientists become engaged in these conversations because they are passionate about their work. The opportunity to travel and represent our group at major industrially oriented conferences played a major role in my decision to pursue my chosen career path. My educational background prepared me for a career in the oil, gas, and energy sectors, which are mainly located in the U.S. I had interviews with several companies in the U.S. and Canada, and I was forced to decide which factors were most important to me in choosing a career. The main factors I used to help me prioritize my career and company was the type of job. What I’d be doing 40+ hours a week was very important, but equally important was the location, company history, distance from family, and benefits. The job search and wait period were slightly frustrating, as was the uncertainty that comes with any job search. There was also the anticipation of not knowing where I’d be living, working, or end up doing. Staying in Canada has been very important to me. A major deciding factor was the high quality of living and proximity to family
energy has been and will continue to play an important role to many generations of Canadians. The attraction of nuclear energy has been its low fuel costs and possible reduction of greenhouse gas emissions compared with coal, oil, and gas-fired plants. It has promising growth potential, and Canadians are positioned favourably at the forefront. Nuclear power emits none of the noxious gas emissions that contribute to climate change and global warming. Between the 1960s and 1990, domestic nuclear power saved approximately $17 billion in foreign exchange. In 2005, three Ontario nuclear stations provided ~15 percent of Canada’s electricity and ~51 percent of the province’s electricity! Having worked in the Petroleum Products Group for a few months, I can say, that the nuclear industry is growing worldwide. Within Canada, Alberta has shown great initiative to build a nuclear generating station, and all the reactors in Ontario and east thereof have made encouraging strides toward achieving sustainable development through improved energy efficiency. My current role is dynamic. Not only am I fortunate enough to learn from and work with world-class experts in various disciplines (environmental, electrochemical, nuclear, and biological), I’ve also been given the opportunity take on various projects, such as finding solutions for an efficient method for
A chemist’s journey from books to the boardroom vance the work rapidly and gain new skills in the process, while delaying my entry into “the real world” until I knew what I wanted to do at the next corner of my life. I have had the great fortune of being directly exposed to both academic and industrial research throughout my graduate training. I have been consistently encouraged to seek out new contacts that allowed me to develop a strong network of mentors who could provide me with unique insights into the inner workings of the industrial research sector—a realm rarely explored by academic scientists. The connection between business and science had always intrigued me. The simplest means to networking was through introductions from my thesis supervisor, collaborators, and discussions at
and friends. Beyond those benefits just mentioned, scientific research itself is undergoing a tremendous surge and there is a huge potential for growth. One needs to only look at the Canadian Light Source, National Institute for Nanotechnology, and the MaRS Centre for a few recent examples of scientific excellence in Canadian. I accepted a position as a scientist with the Petroleum Products Team in Kinectrics Life Cycle Management group located in Toronto, ON. Kinectrics is an internationally recognized entity, enjoying success in providing R & D support across the energy industry. Part of Kinectrics’ business supports the growing nuclear industry primarily in, but not exclusive to, Canada. Growth in sustainable
formulating biodiesel. Coming straight out of university and into the working world, I’ve had to adjust to the quick pace at which research moves in industry compared to academics. Everything I enjoyed about graduate school is found in my work, and I’m very happy with the choice I made. I’m excited about my future in this industry. I can finally, truly appreciate what Feynman alluded to!
Gavin Pereira, MCIC, obtained his PhD at the University of Western Ontario focusing on understanding and correlating the tribology and lubrication of Al-Si alloys at the nanometer scale. He is currently a scientist in the petroleum products group at Kinectrics Inc.
february 2008 Canadian Chemical News 25
The World is Wide Open
roaden your horizons when you launch into your job search in today’s chemical industries. Your chemical degree has prepared you for a large variety of career opportunities. With your knowledge and motivation, you can chart your own career course. The world is wide open to you!
Science Writing for the Web, magazines, newspapers, TV. start at your small, local newspaper or advance to a general interest magazine like The Atlantic Monthly, Popular Science, or Discover. Also visit TheScientist. com or NewScientist.com for on-line writing that can be enhanced with hyperlinks and pop-ups and surveys and quizzes and also put your advanced technical skills to good use. Technical Writing Write for any sciencerelated organizations that publish technical documents. Be a journalist for Canadian Geographic, or the writer of an instruction manual for Gaussian. Translation Use your language skills to translate scientific documents. Work inhouse for publishers in the scientific fields or freelance. Publishing/Editing Write for all science-related materials. Some of the well established science publishers are Wiley, McGraw-Hill, and Elsevier. Illustration Combine your artistic skills with your knowledge of science to illustrate scientific concepts in published material. Science Museums Throw yourself headlong into the exhibit process from conceptualization to opening day. Educate and influence 26 L’Actualité chimique canadienne fÉvrier 2008
the public in your role as technician, conservator, curator, or director. Sales and Marketing Get products out into the chemical market place and sell. Work for almost any company in product development, placement, and sales. Science Policy Work for any science- or technology-related government department and provide scientific expertise and analysis to support and influence the policy-makers. Publicist Promote Canada’s major corporations such as Shell Canada Limited, Alcan Inc., and AECL. Clarify for the general public the important work they do. Consultancy Train companies to overcome obstacles in their product development. Companies in the chemical industries look to consultants to learn more about the markets for potential products or hire consulting firms like Chemical Consulting Group Inc. and TERA Environment Consultants. Patent Law Patent chemical discoveries and products. Chemical lawyers and patent practitioners can also work in patent litigation to enforce patents in court. Occupational Health and Safety Evaluate work environments and design programs to control, eliminate, and prevent disease caused by chemical factors that impact workers’ health and the environment. The Government employs most health and safety specialists and technicians. Hazardous Waste Management Solve problems caused by improper management of waste materials that are hazardous to the environment and human health. Prevent future problems through treatment and
Anne Campbell, MCIC
proper disposal of hazardous waste. Work throughout academia, government and chemical companies that specialize in cleaning up hazardous waste. Forensic Science Collect evidence in the field, analyze evidence in the lab, or manage the whole process. Forensic labs are part of a federal or provincial police department. Military Join the communications and electronics branch of the Canadian Forces. Become a pharmacist or medical officer with any branch of the military. Oil and Petroleum Industry Study the impact of bacteria on oil, produce polymers from the crude oil, or use your statistical and computer knowledge to get lab instruments on-line at a refinery. chemists and chemical engineers can find work at Canadian Natural Resources Limited, Husky Energy Inc., and Nexen Inc. Plastics Produce plastics for use in everyday life for cutting-edge advances like prosthetic limbs or the space program. Polymer and plastics chemists work with companies like LANXESS, DuPont Canada, and BASF Canada. Food Science Develop, process, package, preserve, store, and distribute foods and beverages for the government or companies like Maple Leaf Foods Canada or Nestlé. Consider your favourite brewery like Molson or Sleeman.
Pharmaceutical and Drug Industry
Design, synthesize, and manufacture drug and vaccines with companies like AstraZeneca and Merck Frosst. Perfume and Cosmetic Chemistry Prepare esters for perfumes. Create make-up in
Today’s Chemical Fields are Teeming with Opportunity. a chemistry lab. Lend your expertise to the innovation of earth-friendly and animalfriendly products. Paints and Coatings Manufacture paints, varnishes, lacquers, shellacs, and stains. Synthesize polymers or use natural products to create the binder as the base material for paints and coatings. work with companies like Home Hardware, Cloverdale Paint, and Benjamin Moore & Co., Limited. Pigments and Colorants Change the colour of reflected light of paints and coatings by adding pigments, colorants, and dyes. Plastics companies also often require chemists with knowledge of the pigment and colorant industry for colouring of all their materials. Adhesives Design and manufacture synthetic adhesives of today or even natural adhesives of 1,500 B.C. Work in companies like 3M Canada Company, Technical Adhesives Ltd., and Chembond Limited. Textile Chemistry Discover the function and indulge in the aesthetic of fibres. process them into clothing, carpets, and upholstery found in every home today. Chemists are hired by dyeing houses and chemical companies that manufacture and synthesize the polymers. Pulp and Paper Industry Work in a mill, a lab, an environmental management firm, or with a government department in international trade. Forestr y Research Save the trees! Environmentally conscious chemical professionals can look towards the NRC and the Canadian Forest Service.
Agriculture Monitor all chemical composi-
tions and chemical changes in the production, protection, and use of crops and livestock. Agricultural chemists find work in government agencies and in food companies including those involved in genetically modified foods. Geochemistry Analyze the chemical composition of rock and mineral deposits in the field or in the lab. Determine where to drill for oil. Develop theories about the structure of the earth. Soil Chemistry Examine the nature and property of soils for extent of pollution, agriculture, or horticulture to determine best growing conditions to increase crop yield and plant life. Water Chemistry Got water? Purify H2O for companies like Culligan International Inc, analyze water samples for analytical and environmental testing labs, or save the fisheries and oceans with the Government. Pyrotechnics Love setting off firecrackers in your backyard? Get paid to do it. Share your skills with fireworks companies across Canada.
Software and Hardware Development
Code and design software. Create programs that model chemical systems to predict molecular shapes, bond lengths and angles, or to introduce orbitals to students. Find computational chemistry work with companies such as Advanced Chemistry Development and Chemical Computing Group. Career Recruitment Recruit chemical professionals for top jobs with science recruitment agencies like Kelly Services, Inc., David Aplin Recruiting, and Brainhunter.
Investment Banking Earn money for your-
self and others. Go to Bay Street or beyond for various chemical-related firms covering health care to biotechnology stocks. Library Sciences Enjoy lifelong learning as your profession. Become an expert of the Information Age at academic, corporate, government, and health care libraries. Laboratory Assistance/Maintenance Get knee-deep in the day-to-day dealings of a university lab. Prepare reagents, monitor teaching assistants, or moderate undergraduate labs. Keep your lab skills active outside the field of research in an academic or corporate lab. Chemical Education Enhance students’ grasp of the world around us. Share in their joy of discovery and as they reach their potential. Chemical educators are required at all levels—elementary, high school, community colleges, and universities. professors can also focus on research and pursue the frontiers of the chemical sciences.
Plus many more … The chemical fields are vast and varied and expand into almost every discipline. Determine where your interest lies and you can craft your own career.
Anne Campbell, MCIC, has an MA in chemistry from Brown University in Providence, RI, and a BSc in chemistry with a minor of math from the University of Guelph. She is the CIC career services and student affairs officer and tutors chemistry students of all ages.
february 2008 Canadian Chemical News 27
91e CONGRÈS ET EXPOSITION CANADIENS DE CHIMIE Concours d’affiches des étudiants de 1er cycle Travaillez-vous présentement à un projet de recherche et souhaitez-vous partager vos résultats? Présentez-vous un exposé à un Congrès pour étudiants de 1er cycle en chimie de la Société canadienne de chimie (SCC) et aimeriez-vous le présenter à nouveau sous forme d’affiche? Aimeriez-vous présenter une affiche pour la première fois? Voici l’occasion de démontrer à vos pairs et aux professionnels en chimie ce dont vous êtes capable. Le 91e Congrès et exposition canadiens de chimie de la SCC aura lieu du 24 au 28 mai 2008 à Edmonton (Alberta). Nous vous invitons à participer à la présentation d’affiches des étudiants de 1er cycle que se tiendra durant l’événement. Les affiches peuvent être présentées dans les domaines de la chimie analytique, biologique et médicale, inorganique, organique et physique. Deux prix seront remis dans chaque domaine. Les prix seront remis lors de la réception de remise des prix de la Division de l’enseignement de la chimie qui se tiendra le mercredi 28 mai 2008. Une aide de voyage est disponible pour les étudiants de 1er cycle qui assistent au congrès.
Ce concours est ouvert aux étudiants actuellement au 1er cycle, ou aux étudiants qui ont obtenu leur diplôme moins de quatre mois auparavant, dans tous les secteurs de la chimie. Les affiches peuvent traiter de la recherche effectuée dans le cadre d’un cours de 1er cycle, d’un projet coopératif ou d’un emploi d’été dans un environnement universitaire, gouvernemental ou industriel. Les étudiants des cycles supérieurs qui n’ont pas complété plus de deux trimestres de leur programme peuvent soumettre une affiche portant sur le travail effectué en tant qu’étudiant de 1er cycle, à condition que le sujet de l’affiche diffère de celui du sujet de recherche actuel.
Dates de soumission des résumés
Les résumés doivent être transmis en ligne à compter du 17 décembre 2007. La date limite de réception pour le concours d’affiches des étudiants de 1er cycle est le mercredi 16 avril 2008 à minuit (HNE). Veuillez consulter le site Web du congrès (www.csc2008.ca) pour de plus amples renseignements sur les caractéristiques des affiches, l’aide de voyage, l’inscription au congrès et l’hébergement.
DATE LIMITE : 28 L’Actualité chimique canadienne fÉvrier 2008
le 16 avril
91st Canadian Chemistry Conference and Exhibition Undergraduate Student Poster Competition Are you working on a research project and want to share your results? Do you have a paper to present at a Canadian Society for Chemistry (CSC) Undergraduate Student Chemistry Conference and would like to present it again in poster format? Are you interested in presenting a poster for the first time? Here is an opportunity to show your peers and chemical professionals what you can do. The CSC’s 91st Canadian Chemistry Conference and Exhibition will be taking place May 24–28, 2008 in Edmonton, AB. We invite you to participate in the undergraduate poster competition that will be organized during this event. Posters will be accepted in the general areas of analytical, biological and medicinal, inorganic, organic, and physical chemistry. Two awards will be given in each area. The awards will be presented at the Chemical Education Division Awards Reception held on Wednesday, May 28, 2008. Some travel assistance is available to undergraduate students attending the conference.
Eligibility This competition is open to current undergraduate students, or students who graduated within the last four months, in all branches of chemistry. Posters may be based on research done as part of an undergraduate course, co‑op project, or summer job in a university, government or industrial setting. Graduate students, who have not completed more than two semesters of their graduate studies program, may present a poster on work done as an undergraduate student on the condition that the poster topic is different from their current research topic.
Abstract Submission Dates Abstracts must be submitted on-line beginning December 17, 2007; the deadline for receipt of abstracts for the Undergraduate Student Poster Competition is midnight (EST), Wednesday, April 16, 2008. Please visit the conference Web site (www.csc2008.ca) for more information about poster specifications, travel assistance, conference registration, and accommodation.
february 2008 Canadian Chemical News 29
Recognition reconnaissance André Arsenault won first prize in the NSERC Innovation Challenge Awards. The competition is designed to get graduate students thinking about products or services that could be developed from their thesis research. Arsenault is a chemist at the University of Toronto and has conducted research in photonic crystals. He has developed a photonic “ink” that will change colour in response to a stimulus. His company, Opalux Incorporated, develops applications for this technology that include signs that can be modified electronically, colour-changing sensors for use in forensics, biometrics and security, and anti-counterfeiting measures.
Eugenia Kumacheva Eugenia Kumacheva was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. She heads the polymers, interfaces, and materials science group at University of Toronto’s department of chemistry.
Thomas R. Tritton became president of the Chemical Heritage Foundation (CHF) on January 1, 2008. He is the second president in CHF history, succeeding Arnold Thackray, who founded CHF in Philadelphia, PA 25 years ago. He was selected following a worldwide search for someone with both scholarly and entrepreneurial talents, who combines a passion for chemistry and molecular sciences with the drive to build and sustain a successful enterprise.
The University of Western Ontario chemistry professors Yang Song and James Wisner, MCIC, have each been awarded an Ontario Early Researcher Award. These awards help promising, young Ontario researchers build their research teams of graduate students and post-doctoral fellows.
30 L’Actualité chimique canadienne fÉvrier 2008
In Memoriam The CIC extends its condolences to the families of: L’ICC désire offrir ses condoléances aux familles de :
Richard J. Puddephatt, FCIC, O.C.
On the recommendation of the Advisory Council of the Order of Canada, Richard J. Puddephatt, FCIC, has been appointed an Officer of the Order of Canada. Puddephatt is recognized for his contributions to the advancement of organometallic chemistry related to catalysis and materials science and for his inspirational leadership of generations of researchers. Puddephatt is a Distinguished University Professor at The University of Western Ontario in London, ON. The University of Toronto’s Gregory Scholes was named winner of the Rutherford Memorial Medal in Chemistry for outstanding research in physics and chemistry.
Robert H. Betts, FCIC W. C. Cooper, FCIC Patrick Dunn, MCIC M. George Grant, FCIC S. Liang, MCIC Brian G. Sayer, FCIC Hari D. Sharma, FCIC John R. Wagstaff, FCIC Timothy C. Woods, MCIC
Students Nominate Your Faculty Advisor Has your faculty advisor taken an active role in working with your student chapter throughout the year? Why not recognize him or her with one of the Faculty Advisor Awards? Three awards are given annually, one per Society. Terms of Reference are available at www.cheminst.ca/faculty_advisor. Nominations due March 31, 2008.
Etudiants Soumettez la candidature de votre conseiller
Robert N. Young, FCIC The former vice-president of medicinal chemistry at Merck Frosst Canada, Robert N. Young, FCIC, O.C., has joined Simon Fraser University (SFU) as professor and B.C. Discovery Chair in Pharmaceutical Genomics, Bioinformatics and Drug Discovery. He will support pharmaceutical research and drug development at SFU. His research will focus initially on osteoporosis and bone degenerative diseases.
Votre conseiller aux étudiants a-t-il joué un rôle actif dans votre chapitre étudiant au cours de l’année? Récompensez son travail en soumettant sa candidature pour le Prix du conseiller de l’année. Trois prix sont octroyés chaque année, un pour chaque société. Les conditions de mise en candidature se trouvent à www.cheminst.ca/faculty_advisor. Les candidatures doivent nous parvenir d’ici le 31 mars 2008.
Crowds gathered for the undergraduate oral student competitions at the 57th Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference in Edmonton, AB, on October 28, 2007. The awards were presented to the students at the Awards Luncheon on the following day. Here are the final results of these competitions:
Robert G. Auld Competition Students were given ten minutes to present an oral paper pertaining to any aspect of chemical engineering.
1st place Stefan Sigurdson, ACIC, University of Saskatchewan
2nd place Eric Arsenault, ACIC, McGill University
3rd place Vivian Hsieh, ACIC, The University of British Columbia
Reg Friesen Competition Students presented oral papers on any aspect of chemical engineering relating to education.
1st place Mabel Fulford, ACIC, McGill University
2nd place José Condos-Tarco, ACIC, University of Regina
SNC Lavalin Plant Design Competition The top three teams competed in the oral part of the SNC-Lavalin Plant Design Competition presenting their plant designs to a panel of judges and their peers.
1st place Louis-Ghislain Roy and Emmanuelle Plante presented their team’s design. Other members of their team include Audrey Bernard, Dominic St-Onge and Pierre-Luc Gagnon, ACIC, of the Université de Sherbrooke.
2nd place Stephanie Davidovsky, Rami Issa, Jean-Michel Lavoie and Antonina Tosia Lopata of McGill University.
3rd place Melissa Sandbeck, ACIC, presented on behalf of her team that included Mark Bersheid and Rihanna Vanin of the University of Saskatchewan.
Envoyez à ACCN les
de votre entreprise, votre classe ou votre laboratoire.
Robert Sparrow, MCIC, of SNC-Lavalin Inc. invites students to participate in the 2008 SNC-Lavalin Plant Design Competition. The winner will represent Canada in the 2009 international competition in Montréal.
Quoi de neuf?
Results of the 2007 CSChE Student Competitions
february 2008 Canadian Chemical News 31
Tier I Canada Research Chair in Inorganic or Materials Chemistry The University of Windsor, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry invites applications for a Tier I Canada Research Chair in Inorganic or Materials Chemistry commencing January 1, 2009. This position will provide leadership in the Centre for Catalysis and Materials Research. For a detailed position description visit our website at: www.uwindsor.ca/facultypositions. Contact: Dr. Philip J. Dutton, Head, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada, N9B 3P4, Phone: (519) 253-3000, Ext. 3526; Fax: (519) 973-7098, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. For information on the University of Windsor or the City of Windsor, contact Dr. Janice Drakich, Director, Faculty Recruitment at 877-665-6608 (Toll free) within North America, call collect outside of North America at 001-519-561-1432 or Email: email@example.com.
32 L’Actualité chimique canadienne fÉvrier 2008
FACULTY POSITIONS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING McGILL UNIVERSITY The Department of Chemical Engineering at McGill University invites applications for two tenure-track positions at the level of Full, Associate or Assistant Professor. We are looking for applicants with a chemical engineering background conducting research in the area of advanced materials or energy; however any excellent candidate with a background in chemical engineering will be considered. McGill University is a research intensive university with a distinguished history in Medicine, Science and Engineering. In addition to developing a successful research program, the successful candidate will be expected to participate in teaching chemical engineering at the undergraduate and graduate levels. Applicants must have a doctoral degree and must be a member or eligible for membership with a Canadian professional engineering licensing body. They should demonstrate evidence of outstanding potential for teaching and research. The successful candidate will join a high-profile, dynamic department of 15 tenured or tenure track staff, which includes eight recently hired Assistant Professors. The Department has a B.Eng. program with 380 undergraduate students and about 90 graduate students are completing M.Eng. and Ph.D. degrees. We have excellent infrastructure for both teaching and research. Information about the Department, including its current research activities, can be found at http://www.mcgill.ca/chemeng/. McGill University is committed to equity in employment and diversity. It welcomes applications from indigenous peoples, visible minorities, ethnic minorities, persons with disabilities, women, persons of minority sexual orientations and gender identities and others who may contribute to further diversification. All qualified applicants are encouraged to apply; however, in accordance with Canadian immigration requirements, priority will be given to Canadian citizens and permanent residents of Canada. Applications will be reviewed starting on January 1, 2008 and will continue until the positions are filled. Send a resume, the names of three references and a brief research and teaching plan to: Professor J-L. Meunier, Chair, Search Committee Department of Chemical Engineering 3610 University Street Montreal, QC Canada H3A 2B2 (or by email to: firstname.lastname@example.org)
february 2008 Canadian Chemical News 33
Short Course in Industrial Oilfield Chemistry Held in conjunction with the 91st Canadian Chemistry Conference and Exhibition (CSC 2008) Monday, May 26, 2008 Westin Hotel, Edmonton, AB Early bird registration: $350 CIC and ACPA members, $400 non-members After April 15, 2008: $400 CIC and ACPA members, $450 non-members Organized by ACPA, CIC Edmonton, and CSC 2008 For more information and registration, visit the CSC 2008 web site at www.csc2008.
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february 2008 Canadian Chemical Newsâ€‚ 35
C o n t i n u i n g E d u c a t i o n f o r C h e m i c a l P r o f e s s i o n a l s
The Chemical Institute of Canada (CIC) and the Canadian Society for Chemical Engineering (CSChE) are presenting the following course designed to enhance the knowledge and working experience of safety, environmental and process safety professionals.
Professional Development Risk Assessment and Management for Continuous Improvement
2008 Schedule May 26–27 Edmonton June 16–17 Toronto October 21–22 Ottawa Registration fees $845 CIC/CSChE members $995 non-members www.cheminst.ca/ profdev
This two-day course is geared to those whose responsibilities include risk assessments, development of management systems, and providing advice to decision makers. The learning objective is to reach a thorough understanding of integrated risk assessment and management principles and techniques. During the course, participants are provided with a broad overview of the technical tools available to assess risk in industrial environments as well as how these tools fit in the bigger picture of the broader risk management systems to control risk.
Elements of the course • Introduction • Major Historical Accidents in Process Industries • Risk Concepts, How to Estimate Risk and Evaluate its Acceptability • Integrated Risk Management: Success Factors for High Performance • The Risk Management Process • Techniques for Risk Analysis • Qualitative Techniques: Hazard Identification (Screening Level, What-if, HAZOP, FMEA) with handson application examples • Index Methods • Frequency Analysis Techniques (Fault and Event Trees), SVA, LOPA • Consequence Analysis Methods for Hazards Associated with Hazardous Materials (with reference
The Chemical Institute of Canada
to US EPA Risk Management Program Rule) • Elements of Process Safety Management (with reference to US OSHA PSM Regulations) • Emergency Management (with reference to Environment Canada and other Canadian Legislation) • Summary and Conclusions
Recommended for Industry and government personnel who have responsibilities in: • Safety, Health and Environment • Worksite safety • Asset Management • Operations Management • Process Safety and Loss Prevention • Risk Management • Security and Emergency Response
Course leader Ertugrul Alp, PhD, PEng, MCIC, Principal, Alp & Associates Incorporated, has over 20 years' experience in assessment and management of risks to environment, health, safety, property and reputation. His experience covers a number of industrial sectors, including chemical, energy, pulp and paper, mining, steel, and transportation, and government sectors such as labour, environment, health, natural resources, and municipal planning.
Canadian Society for Chemical Engineering
Canada Conferences February 27–29, 2008. Canadian Nuclear Energy Seminar “Going the Distance—Nuclear Energy in the Nuclear Age,” Ottawa, ON, www.cns-snc.ca. May 24–28, 2008. 91st Canadian Chemistry Conference and Exhibition, Edmonton, AB, www.csc2008.ca May 26, 2008. Short Course in Industrial Oilfield Chemistry at the 9ist Canadian Chemistry Conference and Exhibition, Edmonton, AB, www.csc2008.ca May 29–31, 2008. Canadian Coalition of Women in Engineering, Science, Trades and Technology (CCWESTT) Conference, Guelph, ON, www.ccwestt2008.ca June 2–5, 2008. International Pulp Bleaching Conference, Québec, QC, www.paptac.ca June 15–18, 2008. 20th Canadian Symposium on Catalysis, Kingston, ON, www.20csc2008.ca.
U.S. and Overseas March 10–12, 2008. Global Plastics Environmental Conference (GPEC), Orlando, FL, www.sperecycling.org. April 14–17, 2008. Hazards XX: Harnessing Knowledge—Challenging Complacency, Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE), Manchester, UK, www.icheme.org/hazardsxx April 27–30, 2008. Fifth Annual World Congress on Industrial Biotechnology and Bioprocessing. Chicago, IL, www.bio.org/ worldcongress2008 June 15–19, 2008. World Hydrogen Energy Conference, South Brisbane, Australia, www.whec2008.com August 3–8, 2008. Chemistry in the ICT Age—the 20th International Conference on Chemical Education (ICCE 2008), Reduit, Mauritius, www.uom.ac.mu/20icce.htm August 4–6, 2008. 12th Asia-Pacific Confederation of Chemical Engineering Meeting—the Chemical Engineering Exhibition, Dalian, China, email@example.com
June 16–18, 2008. Control Systems/Pan Pacific Conference, Vancouver, BC, www.paptac.ca
August 17–22, 2008. 24th Meeting of the International Society of Chemical Ecology, State College, PA, www.chemecol.org/meetings/ meetings.htm
July 14–18, 2008. IUPAC International Conference on Biodiversity and Natural Products—ICOB-6 and ISCNP-26, Charlottetown, PE, www.iupac-icbnp2008.com.
August 24–28 2008. 18th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, Praha, Czech Republic, www.chisa.cz/2008
September 6–10, 2008. 6th International Symposium on Radiohalogens, Whistler, BC, www.triumf.info/hosted/6ISR October 19–22, 2008. 58th Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference, Ottawa, ON, www.chemeng.ca/csche2008 August 23–27, 2009. 8th World Congress of Chemical Engineering incorporating the 59th Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference and XXIV Interamerican congress of Chemical Engineering, Montréal, QC, www.wcce8.org
September 16–20, 2008. 2nd European Chemistry Congress–Chemistry: the Global Science, Torino, Italy, www.euchems-torino2008.it October 20–22, 2008. LABTECH Conference & Exhibition 2008, Manama, Bahrain, www.lab-tech.info November 16–21, 2008. 2008 AIChE Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, www.aiche.org/Conferences/AnnualMeeting/index.aspx December 12–15, 2008. 10th European Meeting on Supercritical Fluids, Strasbourg, France, www.isasf.net/strasbourg
Looking for the right job? www.chemjobs.ca february 2008 Canadian Chemical News 37
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