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Canadian Academy



Scientia Clavis Successus “Knowledge is the Key to Success”

Celebrating a Century of



Alumni Class Representatives

Photo by Robert Hengal

Cherry Blossoms The view of cherry blossoms on Miyajima. Miyajima is an island located near Hiroshima. It is one of the sites visited each year by the 9th grade as part of their study of Japanese History.

The REVIEW is published by the Alumni Office for alumni, parents, students, faculty and friends of Canadian Academy. Please send letters, news items, and address updates to the Alumni Office ( David J. Condon—Headmaster, Elizabeth Andrews—Secondary School Principal, Elizabeth Durkin—Assistant Secondary School Principal, Jon Schatzky—Elementary School Principal, Kevin Elliott—Director of Finance and Business Operations, Kirsten Welbes—Director of Community Relations, Todd Welbes—Layout Consultation, Robert Hengal—Director of Alumni Relations, Editor of REVIEW CANADIAN ACADEMY, 4-1 Koyo-cho Naka, Higashinada-ku, Kobe 658-0032 Japan Phone: 81-(0)78-857-0100 Fax: 81-(0)78-857-3250

2013: Natasha Javeri, Rajvi Jhaveri, Jae Hoon Kim, Emina Mahtani, Rei Nakamura 2012: Lake Markham, Sanam Thapar, Serina Yamada 2011: Moeko Hirai, Kanika Wadhwa 2010: Nina Gallo, Julia Ito, Jeff Neukomm 2009: Yuka Nagaoka, Ken Starling, Karina Thakur 2008: Nicole Jordan, Ayukta Thakur 2007: Lillian Madrigal, Johann Qua Hiansen 2006: Shridevi Bajaj, Takuma Tanaka 2005: Maria Cho, Namita Lal, Hironori Maeda, Lovina Sachdev 2004: Anisha Jhaveri, Min Joo Lee, Mai Nitta, Blake Pierce 2003: Rie Wang, Jovan Yamagishi 2002: Arpana Bothra, Anupam Kumar 2001: Ashok Pillai, Moritz Plischke 2000: Stephanie Arndt, Tara Wakely 1999: Kwang Joon Kim 1998: Sarah Kashani, Kaoru Yamaguchi 1997: Manisha Motwani 1996: Maria Yakura 1995: Pitch Ruanglek 1994: Alex Young 1993: Naomi Halewood, Charles Hill 1992: Hani Debs, Scott Prebola 1991: Caitlin Broderick, Kamal Ramani 1990: Sheri Shamdasani Sen 1989: Peter Shane, Janelle Nine-Guidy 1988: Greg Smith 1987: Lisa Eby Coscia 1986: Andrew Meehan Migita 1985: Yuki Sugimura Robinson, Jackie Dadlani 1984: Kojiro Dan, Naoko Tani Fukuchi, Seiji Okamura, Marie Liang Ryo 1983: John Jun Hirai 1982: Johanna Leonhardt Hirota 1981: Debbie Bergh 1980: Karin Johansson Tims 1979: Garet Gluck 1978: David Emanuel 1977: Judy Joyce Calcote, Steve McArtin 1976: Pauline Baldwin 1975: Beverly Cunningham Washichek, Phil Friesen 1974: Celia Oyler, Joel Likins 1973: Ellen Cary Bearn 1972: Joan Griswold, Ann Parsons Scheleen 1971: Steve and Solveig Ericson 1970: Greg Maxey 1969: John Cunningham 1968: Meggan Moorhead, Gordon Sakaue 1967: Stanley Flewelling 1966: Mark Ericson 1965: Mike Fay, Stanley Wayne 1964: Cookie Jarmain Smith-Otani 1963: John Gillespie 1962: Barbara Johnson Rogers 1961: Jeanette Lee Bawer, Joy McGarvey Bupp 1960: Robert Steffey 1959: Sharon Herrgott 1958: Mary Helen Hilburn Kuehner 1957: Representative needed * Pre-war: David Bach ’42, Karina Dahmen ’41 To serve as a class representative or to contact a representative, please visit


Celebrating a century of

Canadian Academy’s Next Hundred Years by D.J. Condon, Headmaster It is only natural that an institution celebrating its 100th year anniversary would focus on the past. CA has a richly storied tradition that makes for fascinating reading—a chronicle of the expatriate experience in the Kobe region throughout most of the 20th century and on into the 21st century. Personally, I feel honored to be part of that tradition and committed to maintaining it, to keeping what is most distinctively CA an integral part of CA. As I look back over the past 100 years of CA’s history, one element that stands out as a defining characteristic of each decade

Invariably they note outstanding, caring teachers, close life-long friendships, and the incredibly kind, polite, respectful Japanese host culture. It is clear to me, then, that from its earliest days, CA has been a school that has inspired its students to push themselves to be the best they can be, to help their classmates be the best they can be, and to help the world become a better place. As the current headmaster, however, I must not only look to the past, but to the future as well. This suits me fine, for as one wit has cleverly noted, the future is where I plan to spend the rest of

is a strong sense of compassion. On many occasions, notably after the 1923 Tokyo earthquake, the 1960 typhoon that hit Nagoya, the 1995 Kobe earthquake, and most recently, the March 2011 Tohoku earthquake, Canadian Academy opened both its doors and its heart to help those who were left in need. Indeed, it would seem our current mission “to inspire students…to compassionately impact the world throughout their lives” has always been a part of the school’s mission. Equally evident is the school’s long tradition of academic excellence. Originating in 1921, our Latin motto Scientia Clavis Successus—Knowledge is the key to success—underscores Canadian Academy’s on-going commitment to rigorous academics. For 100 years now, CA students have striven to not simply acquire a body of knowledge, but also to understand the world and its workings and their place in it. Once again, we see this long-standing commitment evident in our current mission statement’s emphasis on student inquiry and reflection. As ever, CA students are active learners, successful in learning and in life. And thus what strikes me as a final defining quality of CA over the past century is this element of inspiration. Etymologically, inspiration refers to the intake of breath and can thus be equated with life itself. Listening to CA alumni from the various eras, one cannot help but note the inspiration they have felt from their CA experience. Whether they graduated five years ago, 25 years ago, or even 50 years ago, these alumni readily express their heartfelt appreciation for the impact that CA has had on their lives.

my days. Education is rapidly changing. On a rather abstract level, one might observe that in our ever “flattening” world (to borrow a phrase from Thomas Friedman’s recent influential book The World is Flat), in which digital technologies are connecting people across the world like never before, enabling collaboration and the generation of new knowledge on a global scale, notions of knowledge itself are changing. Whereas knowledge used to be seen as something that existed in some kind of Platonic sense, independent of any individual knower, today knowledge is generally seen as something socially constructed, socially embedded, subject to constant revision. The implications for education are significant. For example, rather than seeing the teacher as the person who delivers knowledge to the student, akin to filling a bucket up with water, s/he is seen as the facilitator of learning, or, to borrow the oft-used phrase, “not the sage on the stage, but the guide on the side.” While quality teaching continues to be in some respects an art, nowadays we also know more about the science of teaching. Metaanalytic studies confirm some time-honored aspects to teaching— for example, the importance of setting high expectations and developing strong teacher-student relationships—but also reveal some perhaps surprising facts about effective teaching—for example, that reducing class size, assigning homework, and teaching test-taking strategies have less effect on student learning than previously thought. As professional educators then, mindful 1

Celebrating a century of of Scientia Clavis Successus, it is contingent upon us to learn as much as we can about the science of teaching and to implement the very best known practices. Our students deserve no less. Consequently, today everyone is seen as a learner. The role of the student is also changing. Today we expect our students to be active learners, not passive recipients of knowledge transmitted by their teachers. We want them to be engaged in their own construction of meaning, to make sense of the world and to contribute to its development in ways they find personally motivating. Following inquiry-based approaches, we want to give our students opportunities to be more selfdirected in their learning, posing their own questions, initiating their own learning projects. Ultimately, this is empowering to students, as seen recently through the creation of CATV, a student generated and maintained online media hub that serves as a great resource for our entire community. In this digital, connected, rapidly changing world into which our graduates are matriculating, much is uncertain. We cannot assume that all the knowledge and skills we develop in students today will be useful to them as adults tomorrow. Consequently, in addition to the traditional emphases on developing critical and creative thinking and communication skills, we are spending more time and effort these days developing our students’ habits of mind, teaching them how to learn, how to be aware of themselves as learners, how to organize themselves in teams in pursuit of new learning. We CA’s history and centennial celebrations were reported in the local newspaper. also continue to focus on their social and moral development, mindful of Aristotle’s observation that “character is destiny.” Today is an exciting time in education, and just as it was 100 years ago, Canadian Academy is well poised to provide its students with the highest quality educational experience it can. In doing so, we will strive to retain those qualities that have longserved CA and its students so well in the past. At the same time, we will embrace new methods and new technologies as they emerge and we will continue to develop our facilities so they remain the highest quality. In this manner, we aim to honor our commitment to inspiring our students to reach their full potential and to positively impact our world.


Elementary school students performing during the opening ceremony for the centennial celebration.

inspiration Student Speakers at the Centennial Opening Ceremony

I learned at CA that by carrying out acts of service you can make others and yourself feel good. Representative of the Middle School

Canadian Academy is a school filled with learning, caring and respect. . . It is a place where character counts. Representative of the Elementary School

At this school, each student, teacher and parent contributes to the learning and the great tradition of Canadian Academy. High School Student Body Council President

Canadian Academy was honored to welcome back Mackenzie Clugston ’68 the present Canadian Ambassador to Japan. He shared some experiences from his own family and the three generations that attended CA. CA’ s current location on Rokko Island is, as most of you know, its third site. The first site was near present day Oji Zoo. My mother attended that campus. She travelled by steamship from Tientsin in China with other China-based classmates, unchaperoned, traversing the then pristine Inland Sea before arriving at the bustling port of Kobe. In her day, students with their steamer trunks were transported from the port up Flower Dori to the Oji campus by rickshaw. My mother used to tell us of the thrill she and her friends experienced as they would arrive in this exotic fashion for yet another year of excitement at the CA Oji campus.

Ben Shaman, Chairman of the Board of Trustees, addressed the approximately 1000 guests that attended the opening ceremony for the centennial celebration. His two daughters were graduates of Canadian Academy.

Dr. Stuart Young (Headmaster 19841998) delivered the keynote address. He spoke about two key events in CA’s history: the Great Hanshin Earthquake and the move to Rokko Island. Dr. Young’s three children graduated from CA.

Below: Former faculty Jacquelyn Elliott (1993 -2013), Keiko Guthrie (1982-2006), Keith Guthrie (1981-2008) and Charles Kite (1990-2011) take in the proceedings of the opening ceremony.


Celebrating a century of

Hihara-sensei of the Misho School of Ikebana prepared an elaborate flower arrangement in honor of CA’s centennial.

As part of the opening ceremony for Sports Day during the centennial weekend the new Nestlé Field was dedicated, due to Nestlé’s generosity in supporting the Elementary Field artificial turf project. Ben Shaman, Chairman of the Board of Trustees, D.J. Condon, Headmaster, and executives: Rahul Vashistha, Stéphane Alby and Guenter Spiess from Nestlé Japan participated in the dedication. This event marked a special confluence of the relationship between CA and Nestlé as we are each celebrating our centennial year of operations here in Japan. Clearly, Nestlé’s support for our school is making a positive difference in the lives of our students.

Ben Shaman, Chairman of the Board of Trustees, along with Headmaster DJ Condon, Kobe Mayor Yada and Rick Brueggemann, Vice-Chairman of the Board of Trustees prepare to carry out the traditional kagamiwari (cask breaking) ceremony at the Centennial Gala Dinner.

Dr. David Ottaviano, CA Headmaster 1998-2005, addressed the attendees at the Centennial Gala Dinner at the Hotel Okura Kobe.

Ms. Susanne Eskildsen, president of the PTA, addressed alumni and guests on behalf of the present parents of CA.

CA Centennial Book, A Century of Inspiration, is now on sale! The book covers the history of the school from 1913 to present day and is filled with photos and recollections of former students and faculty along with stories and photos of current students. The cost of the book is ¥2000 if you buy from the Admissions Office and ¥5000 yen (US$50) if you need the book shipped. Please stop by and pick up your copy today or email Kirsten Welbes ( your shipping address. If you are out of town, you can pay for the book online at Please put the donation down as Endowment Fund and in the description write the CA Centennial Book, or you can make a bank transfer for the amount using the information found at There is a limited supply of books, so act now! 4



Tohoku Trip

Nozomi Shirakawa ’16

In July 2013, Ms. Watanabe, middle school counselor, and four middle and high school students visited Iwate, one of the most damaged prefectures from the Great East Japan Earthquake. The participants were Sachi Minami ’15, Stephanie Tuan ’15, Nozomi Shirakawa ’16 and Sumire Kimura ’18. The purpose of the trip was to see the current situation of the schools that Canadian Academy has been supporting and also to investigate their further needs. We visited Hirota Elementary School, Otomo Elementary School, Takata Higashi Junior High School and Ofunato High School as well as an after-school daycare called Gakudou Hoiku. The first day we arrived we had no idea how everything would turn out. We were not even aware of the state of their condition in terms of recovery. As we looked out from the window of the car and saw the view, it broke our hearts. There was so much empty land, which we soon discovered was where the houses were before the tsunami struck. It washed away everything – including the lives of children with bright futures. As someone who was fortunate enough to be safe from all this, it was our responsibility to help them out. We visited Otomo Elementary School, where we talked to the headmaster and heard about the problems they were facing. He kindly showed us around the school, visiting each class. Later that day, we visited Gakudo Hoiku, an after-school daycare for elementary school students whose parents or guardians are working hard to get their life back to the state before the disaster. We were surprised how mature everyone was, they seemed a few years older than they were. Sumire Kimura ’18 later said, “I could not believe that even though they experienced the earthquake and some of them lost their parents, they smiled at me and talked to me.” It was sad knowing that the devastation also forced the kids to mature. Nonetheless, they were all lovable kids and we enjoyed playing with them. We visited also Hirota Elementary School and Ofunato High School. The kids at Hirota Elementary School were adorable! We first met 25 fifth grade students and did some English related activities such as teaching them the song, “Cookie Jar”. We figured later on that it might have been too difficult for their English level, but they seemed to have fun. After that, we played easier games such as “Simon Says” and “Fruit Basket”. All of them were really fun, and even when the session was over, they all wanted to spend more time with us! After that, we had school lunch with the second grade class and played tag after that. I must admit that was the most exercise I’ve done in ages. To be honest, I didn’t really want to leave at the end since I was having so much fun spending time with them! They were all bright, sweet kids. Later we visited Ofunato High School to meet their Student Body Council (SBC). This was very different from all the other events that had happened during the trip, since they were the same age level as me. I felt emotionally closer to them and was able 6

to open myself up more. Everyone at the school was so friendly and welcoming as we were toured around the school. We were relieved to know that none of the SBC members were affected by the tsunami, but we were reminded that more than half of student families were affected and are still struggling to recover financially and emotionally. We were amazed by the amount of kindness they shared with one another even after the tragedy. The last day, we visited Takata Higashi Junior High School. The three junior high schools, Yonesaki, Hirota and Otomo junior high schools were merged into one in April and was renamed Takata Higashi Junior High School. There, we led some more English activities, such as “Human Knot” and “Fruit Basket” with 31 ninth graders. Obviously, their English was much better than the kids at Hirota Elementary School. Again, everyone there was so sweet, and they even waved goodbye until they couldn’t see us anymore. Though it was a short trip, the CA representatives were able to strengthen the bond with Tohoku students. The teachers and students of Tohoku were appreciative for our continuous support. The CA representatives’ visit meant a lot to them as other supports have been fading out. The trip was such a great experience. Before the trip, I didn’t quite understand the value of life. After facing this devastating situation – though I must add that the condition in Tohoku has improved by far – I learnt the insignificance of the problems I am facing in comparison to this bigger issue. I’ve also learnt how strong everyone was. One thing that struck me most was a class of second graders of Hirota Elementary School. They were only five members due to the incident. However, when I visited the class, I saw them with a smile on their face and promise for a bright future. While it broke my heart knowing that they had to face such a terrible event, I was so inspired by their bravery. Sachi Minami ’15 also said: “The people I met in Tohoku were all very nice and polite. I didn’t see anyone who was even disrespectful. Even though the earthquake and tsunami had taken so many lives of they knew, everyone looked very happy as we played with them. They were much braver than us, which surprised me so much. In my opinion, I think having such devastating event had brought everyone together.” In the course of the four days I hope that we had left some kind of an impact on every person we met, because they definitely left a life-long impression on us. Stephanie Tuan ’15 reflected on her experience: “The Tohoku Earthquake is now no longer something far away. It is very real to me, a part of my own memory and experiences. I have really learnt a lot from this trip, and I would like to continue supporting Tohoku in any way I can.” I know the trip definitely changed me. I am more thankful of the life I am given and am even more eager to help them out now that I know where all my effort goes. I want to help them even more and make sure that they know that I care—that we all care. I hope that they now know how much people care about them, and that there will always be people reaching their hands to support them. Even kids like us. I hope that this trip proved the fact that the age doesn’t matter – we still care.

Last spring as I was eating lunch at Mos Burger with a fellow CA alumna enjoying my favorite teriyaki burger I asked her the ultimate existential question, “What should I do with my life?” She responded, “I have no idea Sarah, but why don’t you go on a Peace Boat voyage. My brother did and loved every moment. You should check it out.” Five months later I found myself watching the sun rise from the top deck of Peace Boat as we docked in Hong Kong, our first of over twenty ports of call around the world. Peace Boat is an international NGO based in Tokyo that engages in peace education and seeks to promote social and political change. It is also the name of a ship that makes three voyages around the globe every year with about eight hundred mostly Japanese participants. Also, on board Peace Boat are twenty to thirty volunteer staff. I was fortunate to be selected as a volunteer staff member and the experience has changed my life. During the voyage I taught English and Mandarin, interpreted, did a lecture on the North Korean human rights situation, taught craft workshops, lead cultural exchange tours and volunteered in countless other ways. In addition, I had the opportunity to traverse both the Suez and Panama canals, sail the Fjords of Norway, savor roasted camel in Saudi Arabia, witness the aftermath of the Egyptian revolution, and experience a home stay with a Mayan family in Guatemala. How did I get from eating a teriyaki burger to quitting my job and living on a boat while circumnavigating the world? Actually, I never asked myself this question because joining Peace Boat was simply instinctual. However, a couple of months after returning from the voyage I gave a talk to the CA High School student body about volunteerism and realized that what attracted me to Peace Boat was the experience I had as a Canadian Academy student. The most powerful memories I had at CA were traveling to Manila on a Habitat for Humanity trip, Seoul for APAC Choir and Berlin for an international school choir festival. CA taught me the value of meaningful travel. Traveling was important enough to justify absence from school or giving up a leisurely spring break. It was about building rapport with students and locals of different cultures, stepping out of my comfort zone and expanding my understanding of internationalism. Trips were never confined to the comforts of a compound, resort or sightseeing bus. CA alumni are truly fortunate to be exposed to meaningful travel experiences at such an early age. Since graduating from CA I have traveled to over thirty countries to study, volunteer or work. Today I continue to crave new adventures which continuously humble me and make me feel I have so much more to learn about our world. Also, the realization that my CA education was the catalyst for a future of amazing experiences such as Peace Boat makes me feel truly blessed and proud to have graduated from Canadian Academy.

Meaningful Travel Sarah Moore ’06

Aston Martin Driving Experience CA’s Newest Board Member Yoko Furuyama Introduces Sunday January Herself to the Community 19th saw Canadian Academy host an Aston Martin driving experience day on campus. CA’s centennial year coincided with Aston Martin’s one-hundredth year of manufacturing great British cars. Aston Martin bought seven cars to campus. Two vintage cars, a 1932 Le Mans and a 1963 DB5, the James Bond car, and five brand new models, Vanquish Volante, V12 Vantage S, Vanquish Coupe, Rapide S, and V8 Vanquish. Sign up spots for the 30-minute driving experiences filled quickly and the campus roared to the sound of Aston Martin engines all Sunday. We would like to thank our friends at for bringing such beautiful cars to CA and celebrating our joint centennial. Photos are by Darrick Mosser. If you would like to host an event at Canadian Academy, please contact Kevin Elliott at

It is an honor to be a new member of the Board of Trustees. My association with Canadian Academy began in 2007 when our older son enrolled in the school. My husband, Alfred Baron, and I, now have two sons in CA -- Kenta (Grade 11) and Shaun (Grade 7). I am currently Associate General Counsel at Procter & Gamble, where I lead P&G Japan’s Legal and Government Relations group. I obtained my B.A. from Keio University and J.D. from Stanford Law School. My family and I have been in Kansai (Himeji and Kobe) for 16 years, but I am originally from Kanto (Tokyo and Yokohama). I also spent part of my life in the US and France. My previous community activities as a parent have been rather local/Japanese because my children were immersed in Japanese society prior to CA. I enjoy being in new environments and meeting new people. I am excited to have this great opportunity to serve the CA community. 7

CA’s 90th Commencement Ceremony

Back Row: Shuichi Tanida, Saif Mohamed, Kestrel Lucas, Eduardo Zulueta, Justin Peng, Michael Nakai, Thomas Vanderweeën, Trisha Shah, Nicholas Ozaki Watkins, Third Row: Jason Kim, Yuya Oiwa, Nick Lee, Hyun Jung Kim, Lynna Yang, Manatsu Miki, Emina Mahtani, GaRam Park, Subin Lee, Denise Varias, Hannah Allison Lee Second Row: Niki Miller, Yuzu Saito, Woo Jung Kim, Jae Hoon Kim, Jung Hwan Chun, Sachi Otsuki, Geraldine Tellbuescher, Ayaka Hirashimizu, Ayano Nakatani, Lena Childers, Front Row: Akito Christopher Williams, Rei Nakamura, Mana Takahashi, Mariko Morimoto, Natasha Jhaveri, Rajvi Rajen Jhaveri, Aron Castro, Christopher Roon, Yusuke Kawano,

Memorable Quotes from the 2013 Graduation I am an English teacher, and I want to say why stories matterthat stories matter because they are the way we make experience meaningful. Stories also connect us to those we love, including our parents and grandparents. Here’s my first story: much as I’d love to believe I’m here today for my brilliant oratory, my story tells me I am here because some seniors realize I like them. That’s okay because they’ve got it exactly right. Commencement address by Mr. Peter Born

I’m led to believe that we don’t have to change nations to be good people or to experience success. Rather by striving to enrich the lives of individuals, we ultimately strive to gain personal excellence. And by learning to understand and empathize with those immediately around us, we can choose to take our compassion to greater, more global heights. Senior Address by Giorel Aron Castro


Class of 2013: Universities

Yuki Schafer, Varun Swarup Hyun-Hwa Lee, Mao Nakano Kojiro Miyagawa, Junichi Takeuchi, Jay Singh Sethi, Aurius-Keanu Medalla

2013 Graduation Award Winners Valedictorian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mariko Morimoto Valedictorian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Christopher Roon Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Yusuke Kawano Kobe Hanshin Lions Club Ambassador. . . . . Nicholas Watkins Japan-America Women of Kansai Awards Japanese Language Award . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sachi Otsuki Service Award. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mana Takahashi Caterpillar Mathematics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Subin Lee Procter & Gamble Science. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Christopher Roon Procter & Gamble Technology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aron Castro Ottaviano Peer Relations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nicholas Watkins Leadership. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aron Castro Eli Lilly Biology and Chemistry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lynna Yang Nestle College Scholarship. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mariko Morimoto PTA Outstanding Graduate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lynna Yang Ljlijana Hope Award. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jay Sethi

United States: Boston University Carleton College Chapman University Emory University Fordham University Lewis and Clark College New York University (2) Northeastern University Parsons The New School for Design Pennsylvania State University, University Park Pratt Institute The George Washington University Tidewater Community College University of California at Berkeley (3) University of California at Los Angeles (3) University of California at Santa Barbara University of Chicago University of Michigan University of North Carolina at Greensboro University of San Diego University of Southern California University of Washington Canada: Carleton University University of Toronto (2) South Korea: Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Japan: Nagoya University Sophia University University of Tokyo Waseda University (4) Europe: Ecole Hoteliere de Lausanne, Switzerland University of Bristol, United Kingdom University of the Arts London, United Kingdom University College London, United Kingdom Ghent University, Belgium Singapore: LASALLE College of the Arts (2)

For 13 years I have attended this school, for 13 years we walked through the front steps every day, ran the fields, sweat in the gym, cried in the bathrooms, panicked in the classrooms, gossiped in the cafeteria, and celebrated in the atrium. This place is my home, my oasis, my sanctuary. Senior Address by Rajvi Jhaveri


Sayonara to Ms. Tami Mizushima

Ms. Tami Mizushima (CA Faculty/Staff 1978-2014) with tea ceremony students Nina Gallo ’10, Grace Meikle ’10 and Saki Shimada ’10. I do not know where to begin, but thank you. Without your presence and inspiration, I would of have gone through my teens missing out on such a cultural experience. As much as I loved learning about tea ceremony, I cherish each class and opportunity that I was given to learn from you and about you. It was a class where I was able to forget about the negativity in life, and focus on making the perfect green tea with precise instructions. I am blessed to learn from you. Thank you for the three wonderful years. Scion Bloom Sasaki ’10 On behalf of the many, many students and teachers you have taught, deeply understood, and cared for, thank you. Although these words cannot fully describe the effort and commitment you have dedicated to Canadian Academy, please know that there is appreciation and warmth in all of our hearts for you. You provided important guidance to several of the Headmasters at Canadian Academy. You served the school during important and critical times in CA’s history. As one of the Headmasters, I recall the wonderful personal coaching you provided me as I entered your world and the very complex Japanese culture. When we first met the Kobe City Mayor you guided my words, and actions to insure that Canadian Academy put it’s best foot forward, at the same time helping me understand aspects of Japanese cultural ways. You guided and cajoled me with the utmost kindness and were quite successful at it. Most people will remember you as their wonderful Tea Ceremony Teacher. You were fabulous at teaching Tea Ceremony and have made this important Japanese cultural program an integral part of student and teacher experience at school. This has provided so many of our students with both a meditative and self-actualizing experience beyond just the cultural aspects of its ritual. In today’s fast paced world this haven of calm meditative concentration is both soothing and centering for the adults and students immersed in the process. The Tea Ceremony program you built will be your legacy beyond your years at school. Well done! Congratulations in achieving your life’s commitment of helping others being the best that they could be! David (CA Headmaster 1998-2005) and Cathy (CA Faculty 1998-2005) Ottaviano 10

The Four Musketeers Tami has called a group of us The Three Musketeers for the last few years, but the truth is, we became the Four Musketeers a long time ago. For Melanie, it started in a rude moment of foreign misunderstanding; Tami wasn’t taking new faculty as students that year, but in her enthusiasm, Melanie didn’t realize and kept on being enthusiastic until Tami didn’t have much of a choice left. Karen joined a year later and, after some reorganization, they were joined by Susanne to form a sort of mother’s club for Tea. Those of you who know Tami best, know she has a way of understanding personal dynamics. Her gentle suggestions don’t seem significant in the moment, but she has a way of quietly guiding those of us who know her towards what is absolutely right in the end. With our group, she asked if it wouldn’t be nice to have a class with a group of new mothers, who would understand each other and who might share things in common. We often tell others that if we know anything about Japan, it is because we see it through Tami’s eyes, through the sharing of a bowl of Tea, and through the little peeks we take as we discuss a scroll, or a moment of history, or a special utensil. Thank you for showing us Japan, Tami; but, even more, thank you for what you created in our little class. We were friends before we shared Tea together, but we became family because of Tami. Congratulations on your retirement, though we know you will never stop sharing Tea. Thank you for being our fourth Musketeer. Your Three Musketeers: Melanie Vrba (CA Faculty 20032013), Karen Jewett (CA Faculty 2003--present), Susanne Lindop (CA Faculty 2000-2013)

David Miller (CA Faculty 1993-2003) Congratulations on your retirement and thank you, on behalf of my family and myself, for everything you have done for us. I, along with so many of my friends and family who were taught by you and watched performances, still reminisce about the beautiful things you taught us about the different ways of tea, the hours spent practicing and dressing up for our performances, and of course the hundred types of wagashi you bought from the special wagashi maker over the years. Tea ceremony gave me the rare opportunity to experience Japanese culture in its purest form and I wouldn’t have had this amazing experience if it weren’t for your wisdom, passion and dedication. My family and I are forever grateful. Although it is saddening that I won’t be able to practice tea with you again before you leave, I wish you the best of health and happiness in the years to come and I will forever value the memories we made while I was in your care. Connie Lee ’11

Soccer Match for Hope 2013

Thank you to all participants of this year’s, Soccer Match for Hope IX, which took place on Sunday, November 24th. It was not only great to see the excitement toward the game of soccer but it seems that every year I hear more boys and girls talking about wanting to come back in support for cancer research. This gives me great satisfaction as a graduate of Canadian Academy because there seems to be a solid understanding that there is more to it than just playing soccer on this day. This year’s Soccer Match for Hope provided student-athletes of all ages to take part on the soccer field. We had elementary school players out there in the morning, middle school players during the lunch hours, and high school players during the early afternoon. I want to extend my appreciation to all the volunteers who made this happen with months and months of preparation in advance. Many of my friends outside of the CA community always look forward to this event and have always expressed their admiration of how tight knit we are as a CA family. No matter which year they show up, they seem to always make new friends and find each other on Facebook after the event. This, honestly, is what keeps me going to continue this event that was born in memory of my mother who lost her fight with cancer as I was growing up at CA. She always led the way and encouraged me to make new friends. Special thanks to Mr. Ken Rabb, Ms. Midori Nishizawa, and Mr. Bob Hengal for creating this stage for me year in and year out. Without all of you, this event will not take place for the 10th time in year 2014! Jovan Yamagishi ’03 Director of Soccer Match for Hope

Class of 1968 45th Reunion S. Kent, Connecticut

Front Row: Ken Moorhead (CA Faculty 1960-66), Maggie (Margaret) Moorhead, Norma Grier, Kathleen Campbell, Marie Keighley Middle Row: Ehud Ronn, Ed Driskill, Joan Ericson, Melinda Frivold-Iverson ’67, Joy Brown Back Row: Christina Anderson, Jared (Sam) Taylor, Bob Cox 11

Class of 1993 20th Reunion Las Vegas

Jenny Jongko ’92, Yvonne Sterrett ’93, Lori (Newton) Koschnitzke ’93, Kurt Koschnitzke ’93, Kanao Otsu ’93, Lavena Mathrani ’93, Andy Singh ‘93, Charles Hill ‘93, Simon Attley ‘93, Nanci Bergman ‘93, Berkeley (Young) Gadbaw ‘92, Nathan Newport ’93, Megan (Barrett) Torres ’92, Victoria (Kleeman) Trimble ‘93, Wendy (Mayo) Wang ‘92, Priti Lund ‘93

Alumni Mailbox Faculty


1960’s Alexander Besher ’67 released his new novel Manga Man 3.0 in September 2013. The Manga Man is the first title in Besher’s Dance of Darkness trilogy of alternative noir fantasy novels to be followed by The Black Tao. For more information please visit:


Kasumi Kuwahara (CA Faculty 1993-present) met with Virginia Musser Haberkamp (CA Faculty 1991-1996) in Morgan Hill, California, before her retirement. She has been a high school counselor in Morgan Hill.


Maureen Crane Wartski ’57 writes: “While CA is celebrating a milestone, this alumna has also done so. This year my husband, Mike Wartski, and I celebrated our 50th wedding anniversary with song, food, dance, and... of course... many friends. Mark and Rosemary Shih ’57, friends of many years, joined us for this wonderful party.”

Jean Ainsworth Zablin ’77 attended the Centennial Celebrations where she picked up her plaque for establishing a record in the 100 meter dash—a record which still stands today.


Alice Stubbs Wisler ’79 writes: “My new book, Getting Out of Bed in the Morning, a companion to grief and loss, came out in January 2013. This book is a tribute to my son Daniel, who died at age 4 from cancer treatments. I hope the selections will help others experiencing life’s losses.” The book can be ordered from her website:

Lisa Takeuchi Cullen (née Reilly), ’88 saw her new novel, Pastors’ Wives, published in 2013. Pastors’ Wives follows three women whose lives converge and intertwine at a Southern evangelical megachurch. Ruthie follows her Wall Street husband from New York to Magnolia, a fictional suburb of Atlanta, when he hears a calling to serve at a megachurch called Greenleaf. Reeling from the death of her mother, Ruthie suffers a crisis of faith— in God, in her marriage, and in herself. Candace is Greenleaf’s “First Lady,” a force of nature who’ll stop at nothing to protect her church and her superstar h u s b a n d . Ginger, married to Candace’s son, struggles to play dutiful wife and mother while burying her calamitous past. All their roads collide in one chaotic event that exposes their true selves. Inspired by Cullen’s reporting as a staff writer for Time magazine, Pastors’ Wives is a dramatic portrayal of the private lives of pastors’ wives, caught between the demands of faith, marriage, duty, and love.

Looking for past issues of the REVIEW? Want to help save the planet? You can find past issues of this REVIEW at: or by visiting the alumni portal of the CA website. In an effort to fulfill our mission statement to “compassionately impact the world” we are trying to reduce our carbon footprint. We would like to ask for your help. If you would like to receive a digital copy of the REVIEW instead of a printed one please contact the Alumni Office at: Once you have registered your request with the Alumni Office you will be notified via email as soon as the next edition of the REVIEW is online. An added advantage is that you will be able to read the REVIEW as soon as it is completed! Geila Zilkha ’87 released her third album Day Dreaming in 2013. Geila also performed during CA’s Centennial Celebration in October. 13


Anna Vibeke-Eilert ’91 visited CA where she had an opportunity to enjoy a traditional Japanese tea ceremony with the tea sensei Ms. Tami Mizushima and YunJeong Choi ’14.

Sarah Kashani ’98 celebrated her marriage to Tony Park with a group of CA alumni. Top row: Sae Whan Song ’01, Richard Weston ’98, Christoper Choe ’98, Keiko Nisugi ’98, Anisha Jhaveri ’04, Alexander Choe ’96 Middle row: Tomoe Yamaguchi ’01, Sarah Kashani ’98, Kaoru Yamaguchi ’98, Lauren Shaman ’98, Rena Fukunaga ’98 Front row: Takayoshi Nakamura ’01, Ae Suh Kimura ’98, Zarina Yamaguchi ’98, Vinesh Motwani ’98

As Japan looks forward to hosting the Olympics in 2020 local media has been profiling Olympic hopefuls like Taizo Sugitani ’96. Manesh Gulrajani ’96 was featured in the Kobe Shimbun for his efforts to promote Kobe. He has formed a group known as KYKK (Kinyobi no Yoru wa Kobe de Kimari) roughly translated as Let’s Gather on Friday Night in Kobe. Participants can get discounts at local restaurants. 14


Mark Krikke ’06 and Rebekah Warner ’06 celebrated their wedding in Peoria, Illinois in October with a group of CA alumni. Top row: Ryan Beneke ’06, Sarah Krikke ’09, Jonathan Warner ’08, Matt Schueller ’06, Marcus Warner ’12 Middle row: Elizabeth Krikke ’04, Taeka Haraguchi ’06, Mark Krikke ’06, Rebekah Warner Krikke ’06, Denise Kaw ’06, Erika Isaza Ohashi ’06 Front row: Sarah Rutherford Carole ’06, Tsuyoshi Domoto ’06

Namita Lal ’05 celebrated her marriage to Mitsuharu Kurokawa with a group of CA alumni in India. Front row: Ajay Chainani ’05, Kiyo Nakamura ’05, Ravi Relan ’05, Masaki Sekine ’06, Hiro Maeda ’05, Manesh Lal ’04, Karma Lal ’08, Hiroki Sera ’05, Akhil Wadhwa ’06, Ryuhei Yokokawa ’04, Tim Andersen ’05 Back row: Kiran Thakur ’06, Reena Mathrani ’91, Amy Mills ’05, Nanami Shinohara ’05, Akane Lee ’06, Rika Narita ’05, Namita Lal ’05, Mitsuharu Kurokawa, Ellie Damashek ’05, Lovina Sachdev ’05, Aykuta Thakur ’08

BK Sobhani ’08 celebrates with his father, Masoud, after winning the best amateur title at the 2013 Hyogo Open.

Mai Nitta ’04 met with her former Biology teacher Dave Ferguson on a recent visit to CA.

Jessie Koghar ’02 married Savraj Narula in October 2012 in a “traditional loud, garish, fun and food Punjabi wedding in Bangkok.” 15

In Memoriam Hiroko Furumoto (1934-2012) CA Faculty 1975-1999

Furumoto-sensei is fondly remembered by her Japanese language students, colleagues and parents. Students will never forget her heart warming smile. She will be remembered as a kind, gentle, ever smiling, soft spoken, good soul, and a great teacher.

John “Jock” Robinson ’39 (1924-2012) Jock was born in Nagoya to Cuthbert and Jean Robinson. He was the third generation of his family to have lived in Japan as his grandparents had moved there in 1890 to serve as the first Canadian Anglican missionaries in Japan. His parents later worked at Canadian Academy. Jock grew up speaking both Japanese and English. During summers at a cottage on Lake Nojiri in the Japanese Alps, and during winter holidays spent at a cabin nearby, Jock began his love of skiing, snowshoeing, hiking, swimming, sailing, canoeing and tennis. His involvement in sports, the outdoors and nature continued throughout his life. Just before World War II, the family moved to Geraldton, Ontairo where Jock’s father became the Anglican priest. There, Jock met Geraldine Moore, a teacher from Loring, Ontario. They were married in 1945. Jock joined the Royal Canadian Navy in 1942. After the war, he attended the University of Toronto Medical School, graduating in 1952. In 1953, Jock and Geraldine moved to Flesherton, Ontario where he established a medical practice in the village. Jock was appointed Coroner in 1954 and served in that capacity for many years. Jock was a very community minded individual and spent many years as a Boy Scout Troop Leader as well as Chairman of the Boy Scouts’ District Council. He was Secretary-Treasurer of the District Chamber of Commerce and was active in establishing the Red Cross Water Safety program in Flesherton. Jock and Gerry had four children and several grandchildren who carry on his love of the outdoors. He taught them, accompanied them or encouraged them to ski, swim, sail, water ski, hike and snowshoe. He will be missed in the community that he served for so many years, not only as the village doctor, but as a friend, mentor and confidant to many.

William “Bill” Outerbridge ’44 (1926-2012) Born in Kobe, Japan to missionary parents, Bill’s father was Dean of Theology, Law and Literature and finally served as President of Kwansei Gakuin University. Bill was an energetic and vibrant youngster who began playing violin at six years of age. A talented athlete, he attended the Canadian Academy until his return to Canada at the age of 14 just before the war erupted in Japan. He pursued his secondary education in Toronto and St. Catherines. He attended McMaster University, earning his BA followed by his Bachelor and Masters of Social Work at the University of Toronto. He later earned his Master’s of Criminology from the University of California at Berkley in 1965. From 1954 to 1969 Bill worked tirelessly for the Ontario Probation Service as a Probation Officer, Juvenile Court Judge, Social Worker, Mental Health Professional and finally as the Director of Planning. After 13 years in Aurora raising his young family together with his wife, Fran, Bill accepted an appointment to the National Parole Board and the family moved to Ottawa. After several years of service he accepted a position as Professor of Criminology at the University of Ottawa in 1971. He was shortly thereafter appointed Chairman of the National Parole Board in 1974 and remained in that position until he retired in 1986. When they were not relishing in the solace and comfort of their beloved cottage, Norcliffe, on Lake Muskoka together with family and friends, Bill and Fran enjoyed cycling together and many international travel adventures. Retirement allowed Bill to devote more time to the activities that he most treasured. Salmon fishing with his brother Ralph ’29 on the West Coast, writing poetry, swimming with the Masters Swim Club but most of all his passion for jazz. He played the trumpet, coronet and flugel horn and later adapted jazz to his violin. He thoroughly enjoyed performing with The National Press Club and Allied Workers Jazz Band Inc. and The Phoenix Jazz Band. Some of his most precious memories included afternoon jam sessions with his fellow musicians around the grand piano at home as well as playing for the annual family Christmas Eve open house. Bill brought much joy to his life and to the lives of others through his music. Whether it was a casual chat with one of his kids or a conference of significant proportions, Bill tuned in with every part of himself and took enormous pride in knowing that greater understanding and perspective was always possible and that mutual goals could be achieved through the pursuit of thoughtful communication. The success he achieved in his life was evident in the love, respect and admiration of his friends and family. 16

In Memoriam Francis Bray (1915-2013) Trustee (1953-1956) Mrs. Bray was born Frances Norine Hutchison on December 13, 1915 in Haverstraw, New York. Her father was a theological student and went on to serve as a Methodist minister. Her family moved about central Ohio in Mrs. Bray’s youth. In her senior year of high school, she won a chemistry scholarship for $60, which helped pay for her first year at Ohio State University, from which she graduated cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa in September of 1936. She then entered Oberlin Graduate School of Theology, and in 1937 earned a master’s degree in religious education. In 1939, Mrs. Bray attended the First World Christian Youth Conference in Amsterdam, Holland. During this trip, she cycled in England and Europe, returning to the United States just 2 days before World War II was declared. In 1942, she graduated from Western Reserve University with a degree in library science and began work as the librarian of the National Training School for Christian Workers in Kansas City, Missouri. Through a mutual friend, she was introduced to William Davenport Bray, who was in training to be an Army chaplain. After a short courtship, they were married in Kansas City. When asked by his future wife how he could be so sure she was the right one in such a short time, Mr. Bray responded, “You only have to see Crater Lake once to know you like it.” Thus began a relationship and partnership that lasted 59 years. The couple had a brief honeymoon at the Oregon Annual Conference before Mr. Bray was deployed to Saipan and Iwo Jima for 22 months. When he returned, they moved to St. Helens, Oregon, where he was appointed minister. In 1952, the Brays volunteered to be missionaries with the Methodist Church and sailed for Japan, launching a 28-year career and life dedicated to service in Japan. While Mr. Bray taught theology at Kwansei Gakuin University, Mrs. Bray taught English Bible classes, gave chapel talks and taught English at Seiwa College, all while raising their 3 children. At Canadian Academy Mrs. Bray served as a trustee and volunteered in the library. Together, they started 2 churches that are thriving today. The Brays are remembered to this day by their many Japanese students and friends. Among other activities, they served as foster parents for several young Japanese children in the process of being adopted by American families. Mrs. Bray returned to library work when the Kwansei Gakuin University library needed assistance in publishing a catalog of their English titles. The university quickly realized she had valuable skills and enlisted her to do research on the founder of the university, Bishop Walter Lambuth. In 1980, Mr. and Mrs. Bray retired from their work in Japan and returned to the family home in Medford, Oregon. During their retirement, they often traveled back to Japan and to other places around the world, visiting friends they made over the years. In 2005, Kwansei Gakuin invited Mrs. Bray back to Japan to give a talk at the 150th anniversary of the founder Bishop Lambuth. Mrs. Bray is survived by her son, Jim ’66, of Santa Rosa, California; by her daughter, Maggie, of Albany, Oregon; by her son, Tom ’69, of Wickenburg, Arizona; by 6 grandchildren and by 9 great-grandchildren.

J. Edmund Kaufman ’34 (1916-2012) Survived by his children Susan Kaufman (Ron Wilson) of Tucson, Arizona and James Kaufman (Susan Blair) of Guelph; granddaughters Rachel Kaufman Behling and Jennifer Stitt; greatgranddaughter, Bronte Mae Behling; siblings Carl (Eleanor), Mary Eleanor Merritt (Tom, deceased) and Bob (Bette); sister-inlaw Margaret McFarlane (Nashville); many nieces and nephews whom he loved dearly. Edmund was a WWII veteran, a former owner of Kaufman Lumber Ltd. and, until his death, owned and still worked at Schlichter’s Ltd. In 2010 he was honoured by the City of Kitchener along with five other community businesses that had reached milestones in the community. Edmund was a longterm member of the KW Sales and Ad Club and St. John Ambulance, earning Commander of the Order of St. John (1983). Among his many philanthropic endeavours, modelled after his late parents, Milton and Edith (Oetzel) Kaufman, and grandparents, Jacob and Mary (Ratz) Kaufman, he was proud to mentor the recent creation of The Kaufman Arts Studio. Kraig Griffiths ’76 (1958-2013) Kraig passed away unexpectedly on June 11, 2013 at his home. He was born March 31, 1958 in Highland Park, Illinois and was a former resident of Deerfield, Gurnee, Kobe and Los Angeles. Kraig was an avid car collector and former owner of the Griffiths Deerfield Printing Co. Surviving are his children, Kendra Griffiths and Kenneth Griffiths, both formerly of Gurnee and now living in California; Grandson Lennon Barum; his mother, Corinne Griffiths of Lincolnshire, brother, Kent Griffiths of Chicago. He was preceded in death by his brother Keith ’71 in 1998 and his father Kenneth Griffiths in 2005.


Merit Scholarship for Grades 8–12 Canadian Academy is pleased to announce the inauguration of a CA Merit Scholarship program for new students. Based on merit, scholarships of up to ¥600,000 will be awarded to a limited number of highly deserving new students in Grades 8 to 12. In addition to the standard application process, interested students should make a separate scholarship application. The application fee will be waived for successful scholarship recipients. To be considered for a CA Merit Scholarship, student applicants must meet the following criteria: •

• • • •

Excellence demonstrated in previous academic classes or in such areas as the arts, sports, or service Willingness to contribute this talent to the life of the school, as evidenced by a personal written statement Successful personal interview with CA admissions and scholarship personnel Outstanding letters of recommendation from previous teachers, administrators, and others Exemplary record of behavior

While CA Merit Scholarships are awarded annually, subsequent year renewal is anticipated, dependent upon student performance and family financial need.

Student and Alumni Internship Program The Canadian Academy mission calls for students to “inquire, reflect, and compassionately impact the world throughout their lives”. In support of this mission, CA has created a student and alumni internship program. The student and alumni internship program: • Provides opportunities for professional work experience and exploration of a potential career path • Allows interns to connect, apply and integrate the classroom into experience. • Develops and enhances students’ and alumni’s skills and competencies. • Increases students’ and alumni’s self-confidence and interpersonal skills. Internships take place in businesses, cultural and academic organizations, locally and around the world. For more information please email:

In order to determine the degree of financial support that can be offered, the school will request confidential information regarding the income of the applicant’s parents at the time of the scholarship application. The CA Merit Scholarship Program has been made possible through generous donations to the CA Endowment Fund by alumni faculty and students. To sustain these scholarships and thus continue to enable students who otherwise could not attend CA to benefit from the CA experience, community members are encouraged to donate to the CA Endowment Fund at www., specifying “Scholarship Fund.” To learn more, please contact Mrs. Kirsten Welbes, CA Director of Admissions and Community Relations (

Interns at Kobe’s Kaisei Hospital

Donating to CA Canadian Academy is fortunate to have a community of involved parents, dedicated faculty and staff, generous corporate partners, loyal alumni, and committed Board and leadership team members. Whether students are here for one year or for their entire education, the CA experience is something that is carried with the child and the family members for the rest of their lives. CA is grateful to those who give generously. These donors allow us to create vibrant classrooms ready for motivated students inspired by a devoted faculty, making our campus an ideal space for teaching, learning, and growing. Check (US and Japanese Currency only) US$ Checks, please make payable to: The Canadian Academy School, Inc. My check is enclosed for US$___________. Japanese ¥en Checks, please make payable to: Canadian Academy My check is enclosed for ¥en____________. Bank Transfer (Japanese ¥en & International Currency) Account name: Canadian Academy Bank name: Mizuho Bank, Kobe Branch Account Number: 1014098—International SWIFT code: MHCBJPJT Bank Transfer (US Dollar) TD Bank Swift Code:NRTHUS33 Transit ABA# 0311-0126-6 Account #: 7863856634 Account Name: The Canadian Academy School, Inc. Credit Card Please make a secure online donation at

Your donation can be directed to one or more of Relationship to Canadian Academy three funds at Canadian Academy. Board and Council Annual Fund _____________% of donation Former Board and Council The Annual Fund bridges the gap between revenue School leadership team from tuition and fees and the full cost of delivering Former school leadership team our programs. These donations allow us to create Faculty innovative educational programs that enhance student Former faculty learning. Staff Capital Fund _____________% of donation Former staff The Capital Fund supports the purchase, renovation, Parents improvement and maintenance related to our facility. Former parents Endowment Fund _____________% of donation Former students The Endowment Fund ensures long-term financial Corporate sustainability. The principal will remain untouched Community Partner and grow through donations. Earnings support special Other events and projects, such as the Centennial Celebration.

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CA Review Spring 2014  

CA Review Spring 2014