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SEPTEMBER 18, 2013






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Kenneth Rogers wants the Harlem Renaissance to get its cred

Will NCCU QB Jordan Reid lead Eagles to the MEAC championships?

Computational mechanics: It all started with a caterpiller and a four-leaf clover .

Raleigh ‘turns up’ with Earl Sweatshirt, Alpoko Don and many more

Campus Echo Page 10

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Sea Change

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Page 6 & 7

Cuts crimp UNC


A chilling view of tomorrow’s waters

UNC System still losing support, money BY ALEX SAMPSON ECHO EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

enough food and information to feed a small pre-Civil War army. There was food, storytelling, wagon rides, site tours, wood carving and costumed interpreters. Each event was as colorful as the next, and groups gathered around each station to experience a huge part of American history. The event was not all love, peace and joy, however. Tour guides shared the truth about the history of the plantation and slavery.

Concern over N.C. Central University’s financial well-being turned out to be warranted when the General Assembly approved the state budget for 2013-2015. The University of North Carolina System will face a net funding reduction of more than $64 million (2.5 percent) in 2013-2014. State funding for UNC was $2,577 this academic year. It will fall to $2,493 in 2014-2015. The UNC Board of Governors assigned cuts among the 17 system schools on Aug. 9. In a statement released to the constituent universities, UNC System President Tom Ross said, “Absorbing these required reductions will be difficult and painful, but the General Assembly provided us with the flexibility to determine how many of the cuts will be implemented, enabling campus leaders to mitigate harm to the core mission of our institutions.” As a result of these cuts, NCCU’s state allocation was reduced by $3.7 million overall. While the University will receive $1.2 million from tuition increases, this year’s enrollment drop will reduce those revenues by $886,000. While NCCU faces a 4 percent net budget reduction, reductions to UNCChapel Hill and N.C. State University amount to about 1 percent. That’s because their tuition increases offset their budget reductions. Wendell Davis, NCCU vice chancellor of administration and finance, said these disparities are due to the size of and classification of these institutions.

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Chef Michael Twitty educates audience on cooking practices of slave society.




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NORMANBY ISLAND, Papua New Guinea — Katharina Fabricius plunged from a dive boat into the Pacific Ocean of tomorrow. A bleak portrait emerged: Instead of tiered jungles of branching, leafy corals, Fabricius saw mud, stubby spires and squat boulder corals. Snails and clams were mostly gone, as were worms, colorful sea squirts and ornate feather stars. Instead of a brilliant coral reef like the one living a few hundred yards away, what the Australian Institute of Marine Sciences ecologist found resembled a slimy lake bottom. The cause: carbon dioxide. In this volcanic region, pure CO2 escapes naturally through cracks in the ocean floor, altering the water’s chemistry the same way rising CO2 from cars and power plants is changing the marine world. As a result, this isolated bay offers a chilling view of the future of the seas under ocean acidification. As the burning of coal, oil and natural gas belches carbon dioxide into the air, a quarter of it gets absorbed by the seas, changing ocean chemistry faster than at any time in human history. To understand how that will alter the seas, The Seattle Times crisscrossed the Pacific Ocean from Papua New Guinea to Alaska, interviewed nearly 150 experts and people most likely to be affected, and reviewed most of the peerreviewed studies. The Times found that ocean acidification is helping push the seas toward a great unraveling that threatens to scramble marine life on a scale almost too big to fathom — and far faster than first expected. Already, it has killed billions of oysters along the Washington coast and at nearby hatcheries. It’s helped destroy mussels on some Northwest shores. It is a suspect in the softening of clam shells and in the death of some baby scallops. It already is dissolving tiny plankton, called pteropods, in Antarctica that are eaten by many ocean



lave houses, slave wear and the smell of food all around. A peculiar combination in the 21st century unless you were at the Harvest Feast featuring culinary historian Michael Twitty, presented by the Historic Stagville Foundation Sept. 7. The event boasted over 20 lbs. of slow-roasted ribs

on a handmade grill pit, stews, fresh fruits and vegetables, and a host overflowing with enthusiasm for all of it. The Historic Stagville Foundation operates the state historic site of Durham’s Stagville Plantation, once one of the largest plantations in North Carolina, with more than 30,000 acres of land and 900 slaves. The foundation hosts plantation tours and other events, and works to educate the community about American history. Last weekend, chef Michael Twitty brought

Echo Extras Online See a video of the Stagville culinary event and read the oral narrative of an ex-slave from the Stagville Plantation online at

The neighbors no one notices

Jamaican prison Students get an up-close and personal prison experience

Durham County laws increase the plight of the homeless. JAMAR NEGRON/Echo assistant editor


Behind the local grocery store. In city alleyways. Concealed in the underbrush of the woods. Around this time of year, the scarcity of leaves makes inconspicuousness a difficult feat for the homeless. These are the places where the prospect of being beaten, robbed, murdered or raped rises tremendously. And for all intents and purposes, these are

homes for the neighbors nobody notices — or rather, nobody wants to notice. In January, the Pointin-Time Count found that 759 adults and 118 children were homeless in Durham. Of those people, 53 were living on the streets. Whether out of shyness, past trauma or mental illness, some of the homeless are considered unfit to live in a homeless shelter.

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The Tower Street Adult Correctional Center in Kingston, Jamaica, was built to hold 700 men but now holds more than twice that number. The prison is also known as General Penitentary. PHOTO


Going to prison wouldn’t be at the top of most people’s to-do list for the summer, let alone in a foreign country. But it was for a group of



N.C. Central University students in the study abroad program. On May 20, NCCU sent twelve students to Kingston, Jamaica, to examine the prison system. Students spent most of their trip in the dormitories

of the University of West Indies at Mona. NCCU students Devyn Shaw, Monica Burnette and Ryan Taylor now know what hard time looks like in Jamaica. “I expected work,” said

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TUITION IMPLICATIONS Along with decreasing funding, the General Assembly mandated tuition increases for out-of-state undergraduates in 20142015. Nonresident undergraduate tuition will increase by 12.3 percent on four campuses and by 6 percent at 10 other campuses. The UNC System is also deliberating whether to lift

the cap on nonresident students from 18 percent to 30 percent. “The Board of Governors is looking at some pilot discussions,” said Davis. “There are no definitive steps that have been taken.” The cost of compensating for the financial setbacks with tuition increases is concerning during a time when opportunities for higher education are declining. HARDSHIP Davis said starting a couple of years ago, students at NCCU typically graduate $27,000 in debt. Davis said this increase is due to a number of factors. In 2011, the federal Parent PLUS Loan tightened its restrictions on credit criteria. Previously, families could receive PLUS loans if they didn’t have negative credit for nine months, but this window jumped to five years. The difficulty of acquiring Parent PLUS loans, along with changes in the amount of federal aid students receive and increased interest rates, have led to increased debt. Davis said NCCU lost 609 students this year because they couldn’t qualify for the program. For those who do pursue a higher education, the cost can be an enormous burden on them and their families. Mass communication junior Adrienne Stephens depends on her parents and grandparents to get her through school. “Between the four of them, they get it done,” Stephens said. She said her mother has taken on two jobs to support the cost of her education. Her mother works at the Durham Partnership for




Remembering 9/11

BUDGET CUTS UNC-CH and NCSU are Tier 1, or research universities, while NCCU is a comprehensive master’s institution. “[UNC-CH and NCSU] generate a lot of research dollars,” said Davis. “They have a significant donor base.” Because of their classification as Tier 1, these universities enjoy more federal grants and greater revenue sources compared to NCCU. While the UNC System lost support in some areas, it gained support in others. The system was granted $60 million for building repairs and renovations, which may surprise some. “This marks the first time in several years that the state has provided any resources to help address the growing backlog of deferred maintenance on our campuses,” said Ross. NCCU received $1.8 million of that total. The school’s estimated backlog for repairs and renovations is estimated at $70 million. Davis said allocating enough money for building upkeep and services is a challenge all the campuses face. “[NCCU] is 103 years old as of this year, so we have some old buildings,” Davis said. “We’re going to need signs for buildings, elevator repairs and basic repairs.”


Campus Echo WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 2013

Children during the day from 8 to 5 and teaches night classes at Piedmont Community College on Mondays and Wednesdays. “It’s already tiring for her,” Stephens said. Mass communication senior Sheila Rosier, on the other hand, has supported herself for three years now. Rosier works 45-50 hours per week at a research company while taking 9 credit hours. She pays $662 for rent and finances her car. “It’s more than paying for your own education,” Rosier said. “It’s books, travel, etcetera.” She lives in Morrisville, 25 minutes from Durham, traveling to her job in Raleigh in the mornings then to Durham for classes. Rosier said even when she’s not at work, she’s still required to work remotely between classes. “That’s why I’m always on my laptop,” she said.

Eagles come together to honor those lost 12 years ago

Sept. 11 ceremony participants honor NCCU alum Harry Glenn, who died in Tower One on 9/11. ROBERT LEWIS/Echo staff reporter


WHAT’S NEXT Davis said the university system will need to apply a performance-based approach to its long-term goals — such as strengthening academics and serving the people of North Carolina. Davis said the number of credit hours and the abilities of campuses to maximize the greatest benefit of state monies need to be considered. For example, low-performing programs will be evaluated for possible cuts. “From my perspective, students need to know that the cost of a public education needs to come with a good return on the investment,” said Davis. “We have to do a good job at colleges and universities to understand market demands and train our students accordingly.”

the Rev. Michael Page of Campus Ministry led the ceremony. He recalled the day of the attack. One plane struck the World Trade Center, one struck the Pentagon, and one crashed into a field in Pennsylvania. Political science junior

wreath stood next to the podium throughout the speeches. After the speeches were finished, the crowd Despite the circummoved to the south side of stances surrounding the the Hoey Administration Syrian civil war and Building to the Harry Glenn President Obama’s request Memorial. to strike the Bashar alGlenn, a 1983 NCCU Assad regime, the nation graduate, was in Tower One took time to honor those on 9/11. lost 12 years ago He worked on Sept. 11. at Marsh & Students, facI didn’t go to Iraq so people McLennan as a ulty and veterans vice president of at N.C. Central could sit in the [cafeteria] and global technoloUniversity gathnot remember. gy. ered around the Glenn was Shepard statue at NOAH NUNN one of the 2,749 noon on POLITICAL SCIENCE JUNIOR AND ARMY VETERAN people who died Wednesday. that day. His The heat of son’s birthday midday did not was Sept. 10. stop the crowd of The wreath more than 100 spectators from honoring Noah Nunn wore his “Iraq was placed behind a small Veteran” hat and was visi- plaque that read, “I’m not a the tragic event. “Today marks a pivotal bly moved by the ceremony. quitter my friend. Nunn served in the U. S. “I kept on fighting until point in United States histhe end and the only thing I tory,” said psychology sen- Army from 2003-2005. “People died in Iraq to can say is, ‘I finished ior Cameron Simms, who avenge the people jumping early.’” attended the ceremony. Audience members hung “We have to remember out of towers because they the sacrifice of those who had no other choice,” said their heads as a member of Nunn. campus security played died.” “People hated us so Taps. Clergy, poets, student “We need to keep the leaders and Chancellor much that they wanted to people who died on 9/11 in Saunders-White were attack us. “I didn’t go to Iraq so our memories,” said SGA among those who paid their respects to the victims of people could sit in the president Stefan Weathers. [cafeteria] and not remem“We need to honor and 9/11. reflect and live their legaAfter the presentation of ber.” A brightly colored cies out for them.” colors by campus police, ECHO STAFF REPORTER

HOMELESS CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 “They’re there in every little patch of woods,” said Rev. Carolyn Schuldt. Schuldt is the chaplain and executive director of Open Table Ministry, a charitable organization that helps people in the community who suffer from poverty and homelessness. The organization currently serves 49 men and 8 women. At Open Table Ministry’s event, Bridge to Hope, the organization drew attention to the trend of silencing the homeless — specifically panhandlers. In December 2012, the Durham City Council passed new ordinances on top of laws that allowed panhandling only in certain areas at certain times and only with a permit. The new laws — which went into effect in January — prohibit panhandling on highway exit ramps, medians and near bridges, due to safety concerns. Beggars must stand on paved sidewalks and can only receive donations from passengers on a one-way street. Failure to follow these restrictions can result in a $250 fine. Schuldt said homeless people are becoming even more invisible because even holding a sign like they traditionally do can be illegal. “If you’re homeless, sitting and standing is considered loitering,” said Schuldt. Schuldt also discussed

how hard it can be for the impoverished and homeless to receive help. Of the homeless people she’s worked with, 20 percent are illiterate. “It’s really hard to get a job if you can’t read,” said Schuldt. It can take a homeless family three weeks to get an interview with an intake coordinator, and six weeks to receive housing if approved. Mark Scruggs, a member of Open Table Ministry, knows from personal experience how difficult obtaining housing can be. Scruggs grew up in North Carolina’s Western Blue Ridge Mountains. In 1974, he joined the U.S. Marine Corps, and his experiences caused him to develop emotional problems. Scruggs subsequently began to suffer from alcohol and drug abuse, which he blamed on himself. “I went deeper and deeper into believing all the lies,” said Scruggs. After his marriage fell apart, Scruggs returned to Durham in 2010. Following a detox in Raleigh, he realized he needed open heart surgery. Already struggling, Scruggs said he couldn’t find a place set up to care for someone who had undergone heart surgery. At Open Table Ministry, he found the support he needed. Ministry staff not only found him an appropri-

ate place to live but stayed with him through his medical journey. “Carolyn took me to every appointment for a year,” said Scruggs. “They stayed with me every step of the way.” Michele Fields also knows the struggle of acquiring shelter — with the added pressure of two infants. Fields said when she came to Durham with her fiancé, she was three months pregnant with twin boys. With few resources at their disposal, the couple lived in a motel until they ran out of money. “We were struggling in the motel for about three months,” said Fields. Fields said she was eventually found housing through Schuldt and Open Table. Shuldt said that Fields has raised two beautiful and well-behaved boys. “She has done it in the most difficult of circumstances,” said Shuldt. Every Wednesday, Open Table Ministry meets on the service road at New Hope Commons to provide meals for the homeless and impoverished. Shuldt said it’s not just about food but about sharing stories and forming genuine friendships with those who feel unloved and uncared for. “Most come to fill an emptiness that food will not fill,” said Schuldt.


Campus Echo WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18 , 2013











2013-14 queen Mahalia Frost plans service-based reign “It is important to do things of substance. Do things of quality, not quantity.” MAHALIA FROST MISS NCCU

Miss NCCU, Mahalia Frost, at O’Kelly Riddick Stadium. DONAVIN GREEN/Echo staff photographer


Intelligent, elegant and graceful are just a few adjectives used to describe the current Miss NCCU, Mahalia Frost. The self-proclaimed “Eastern Carolina girl” is a native of Newport, N.C. and has an older sister and a younger brother. Frost is a double major in political science and English with a minor in Spanish. She also is a member of the Air Force ROTC, Royal Court, Phi Eta Sigma Honor Society and Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. During her spare time she enjoys singing, quilting, scrapbooking, running and horseback riding. Students say Frost is a guiding light for them: “She is in a lot of different organizations on campus,” said nursing junior Taylor Smith. “Her involvement on campus really inspires me.” Political science senior Asia Washington agreed. “I have had a couple of classes with Mahalia and she has always carried herself in a professional manner,” said Washington. “She is a great example

for young men and women to look up to.” During her earlier years at N.C. Central University, Frost said running for Miss NCCU was not in her plans at all. Prior to her crowning, Frost said she was fortunate to gain leadership experience when she was elected Miss Sophomore for the 2011-12 academic year. This role inspired her to become a servant-leader. “I had this whole mindset of putting myself in another position that is bigger than myself,” said Frost. “The glam and hype that goes behind it and what people see visually are not the things that attracted me. “Those ‘perks’ are the least attractive thing to me when considering this position. I care more so about the work.” After speaking with Miss NCCU 2012-13, Harmony Cross, Frost said she realized the importance of making a difference in the world. “It is important to do things of substance,” said Frost. “Do things of quality, not quantity.” Project Grow, one of Frost’s initiatives, aims to help students at Josephine

Dobbs Clement Early College High School. Early College, which opened in 2004, is an autonomous public high school operating at NCCU. It allows students to meet all their high school graduation requirements while earning up to two years of college credit during high school. Project Grow encourages a strong mentor/mentee approach between NCCU faculty and the Early College’s nearly 400 students. “I look forward to seeing the improvements Miss NCCU will make,” said business administration junior Christopher Benson. “When I heard of Project Grow, I was really happy to hear about it because I was an early college student myself and we didn’t have any programs similar to that,” Benson said. Frost’s work with Project Grow is her first step toward extending her role into the Durham community. “I’m trying to work with the Durham Economic Resource Center to help individuals without high school diplomas obtain GEDs as well as jobs,” said Frost. The life of a full-time school ambassador can be busy and demanding, but Frost said her school work remains her priority. “Studying, organization and time management are the key things to help me succeed,” she said, adding that faith, family and aspirations keep her on the right path. Frost has big plans: law school to study immigration law and at least four years in the U. S. Air Force. She said she would love to eventually become a judge advocate general, or JAG officer. Despite her title and success, Miss NCCU remains humble. She makes a point to always introduce herself as Mahalia Frost before revealing her title. “I want people to know my name and not just my title. “I’m still Mahalia. “I make the title. The title does not make me.” Frost said she wants her legacy to be guided by Mahatma Gandhi’s wellknown advice: “Be the change you want to see in the world.”

Students visited the overcrowded General Penitentiary during a visit to Jamaica. PHOTO COURTESY DEVYN SHAW

Shaw, a public health eduOne prison that students of prisoners far outnumcation senior. visited, the St. Catherine bered the prison guards, “I expected it to come as Adult Correctional Centre, the students admired the televised. Jamaica is a also was built to accommo- respect the prisoners had good place for vacation,” date 850 inmates but now for their overseers. Shaw said. houses 1,201. Burnette said even Taylor, also a public Ed Bartlett, chairman though they could have health education senior, for the Jamaica been harmed, she felt safe said she was eager to get Parliament’s Public because of the apparent familiar with the culture Administration and trust and respect between first-hand. Appropriations Committee prisoners and guards. “I was expecting to meet (PAAC), said the PAAC will With steadily decaying new people physical conand fully subditions, good “We saw that it was at least three merge myself relationships in the between the people to a cell. Some inmates Jamaican culguards and ture,” said prisoners are don’t even have beds.” Taylor. vital for minDEVYN SHAW Burnette, imizing vioa criminal juslence. PUBLIC HEALTH EDUCATION SENIOR tice senior, On June 10, said she was the students looking forreturned to ward to the the states. experience as well. lobby for an intervention Many said they left with “My expectations com- in its next yearly report. new life lessons, morals ing into the trip were pretThe students also visit- and confidence. ty open because I heard ed the General Shaw said her experiand read several things Penitentiary. They ence in Jamaica gave her about Jamaica, both good described the prison con- more confidence to pursue and bad,” said Burnette. ditions as overcrowded, a career in another country. “I didn’t want to come dilapidated and unfit. “Now I can see myself into the trip with a closed “We saw that it was at working outside of the mind and any inaccurate least three people to a country studying public perceptions.” cell,” said Shaw. health issues,” she said. Prison conditions in “Some inmates don’t Shaw. Jamaica have been a glar- even have beds. I believe “Jamaica also has many ing problem for their gov- prison conditions are not similar public health ernment since the late the government’s top prior- issues as the U.S.” 1980s. ity.” Taylor said that the trip Kingston’s newspaper, Taylor said, “Jamaica is taught her adaptability and The Jamaica Gleaner, a very poor country with the ability to work through reported that over crowd- little resources to be able anything, “especially in ing is still a major issue. to expand and improve trying circumstances.” The Gleaner reports that, prisons. Burnette said being although the Tower Street “Inmates roam around open to a different culture Adult Correctional Centre the prisons freely, so walk- and customs has helped has a population limit of ing into that kind of envi- her become more exposed 850 inmates, its current ronment was scary.” to life outside America. inmate population is 1,656. Even though the number

United Christian Campus Ministry Get involved with Campus Ministry!

Michael D. Page Campus Minister

For more information contact Rev. Michael Page at 530-5263 or by e-mail at

recycle recycle


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Campus Echo WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 2013


LGBTA center marks year one

Love loves magic of science His passion started with with four-leaf clovers, caterpillars and snails

Center provides safe space for students B Y I N D I A WA G N E R ECHO STAFF REPORTER

Associate professor Garrett Love in his office at the Mary M. Townes Science Building ROBERT LEWIS/Echo staff photographer

By Jessica DeLoach Echo Staff Reporter Ask Garrett Love about his passion for science and he’ll tell you he has his mother to thank. “My mom was particularly good about fostering my interest, generated from things I found in the neighborhood — four-leaf clovers, caterpillars, meteorites, freshwater snails,” Love said. Love also recalls an elementary school teacher illustrating the passage of geologic time on a roll of register paper. By the 1980s, when he was in middle school, Love was into computer programming and had even created some basic video games. Love, an associate professor in the department of environmental, earth and geospatial sciences, earned his undergraduate degree in civil engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology and did his graduate studies in civil engineering at Duke University. He started teaching at N.C. Central University in 2005. “I studied to be an engineer but found a place to contribute to society as a teacher,” said Love. Love’s research interest is computational mechanics — the use of computational methods to study the behaviors of physical bodies as they are subjected to the Earth’s forces. Computational mechanics applies, for example, to

complex systems like the movement of water, soil and air. Love is working to establish an undergraduate degree in computational science. His first teaching job was with Teach for America, where he taught high school students in Helena, Arkansas. He also was a staff scientist at the Shodor Education Foundation, a non-profit organization that promotes science and math education. “Dr. Love is a wonderful professor and very passionate about teaching,” said Veatasha Dorsey, a 2011 graduate with a Bachelor’s of Science in Environmental Science. She is working towards her Masters in Occupational and Environmental Science. “He is known for taking complex concepts and making them not just understandable, but interesting too,” Dorsey said, adding that he focuses on developing skills that will serve well in the competitive job market. “Exams were replaced by demanding weekly problem sets and course projects,” she said. According to Dorsey, Love helped make her competitive for graduate school admissions and scholarship offers. She is now a graduate student at the University of Washington in Seattle. Love’s colleagues also praise his work at NCCU.

“Dr. Love is very dedicated, educated, and patient,” said Harris Williams, associate professor of environmental, earth and geospatial sciences. “Most of all he is very hardworking,” Williams said. Love said that students who major anywhere in field called STEM — Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics — have bright futures. “There is so much demand for people with STEM skills at every level, and that need is only going to continue to grow,” he said, adding that his department regularly receives requests for interns and job candidates with geospatial skills or environmental science backgrounds. Love said too many of these requests go unanswered because there are not enough students in the STEM disciplines. The STEM disciplines can be intimidating, he said, adding that “it takes extensive study to catch up to all the accumulated scientific knowledge that exists.” Additionally, the perception of science as a “list of facts” makes attract students to STEM disciplines more difficult. But understanding natural and physical sciences isn’t just about landing a job. It’s also about contributing to humankind, Love says. “The STEM disciplines

have been important for the continued growth and development of the human species. “STEM expertise will be important if we are to continue to live together peacefully. Importantly, the technology offered by computational science helps us expand our horizons beyond our natural limits.” Love considers this ability magical. To make this point, he quotes Arthur C. Clark, one of his favorite authors: “Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.” “Science,” Love said, “allows us to discover the underlying patterns of nature and then to use that understanding to predict the future. I consider that to be magic.” Love has worked on several educational development grants, for such grantors as the National Computational Science Institute, the S u p e r C o m p u t i n g Educational Program, the SCOLLARCITY Math Science Partnership in New York and the REVITALISE collaboration between East Carolina University and the National Center for S u p e r c o m p u t i n g Applications in UrbanaChampagne, Illinois. Outside of work, Love stays busy coaching soccer for young girls and enjoying his life as a father and husband. His wife, Hope, teaches theater at East Chapel Hill High School.

This semester, the LGBTA Resource Center started its first full year serving N.C. Central University. LGBTA stands for lesbian, gay, bi-sexual, transgender ally. The center serves to link students, staff, faculty and the community, helping individuals deal with gender-related and sexuality issues. It now provides counseling and other resources. Since it opened in April, the resource center has attracted numerous student and faculty visitors. The center got its start when a group of students, staff and faculty formed an Empowerment Committee and held a series of SafeZone training sessions. Tia Doxey, director of Student Life Assessment, was a strong advocate for establishing the center after a focus group showed that NCCU needed one. SafeZone training sessions are designed to promote equality, inclusion and a supportive attitude toward LGBT people. It also helps LGBTA allies develop strategies for doing “the right thing” for their LGBT peers, family members, friends and co-workers. NCCU’s LGBTA Resource Center “acts as a safe haven for LGBT students,” said mass communication junior Alexandria Sampson, who identifies as bisexual. “Homosexuality in the black community is a taboo, and having this center on a HBCU campus shows that we are evolving.” Sampson said the center can help educate students with homophobic tendencies. Many LGBT students arrive at NCCU with a background of negative experiences that nonLBGT students haven’t had to face. “Growing Up LGBT in America,” a Human Rights Campaign survey of American youth aged 13-17, reveals that many LGBT youth are profoundly disconnected from their communities. They report much lower levels of happiness, a higher incidence of alcohol and drug use, and less connection to adult support.

In fact, LGBT youth are about half as likely to say they are happy than nonLGBT youth. LGBT youth also are much more likely than their non-LGBT peers to say they can be more honest about themselves online than in real life. Most LGBT survey participants say the most significant challenges they face are directly related to their identities as LGBT, citing troubled family relationships, verbal harassment, cyber-bullying and exclusion from activities. More than half of LGBT youth say they have been harassed with slurs such as “fag” and “queer.” In contrast, most nonLGBT youth their most significant challenges involve money problems, exams, appearance, school grades, and college plans. NCCU’s LGBTA Resource Center’s walls are covered with information on groups on and off campus that serve members and allies of the LGBTQ community. Condoms and candies are available for all who enter, as well as couches for individuals who just want to sit and talk with friends. “I’ve met and networked with a lot of new people and they have impacted my life,” said Jennifer Williams, the graduate assistant who serves in the LGBTA Center. “I love the fact that it’s a place where everyone – no matter their orientation – can come together.” Doxey and Williams both stress that the center is open to everyone and is a resource for everyone. “It’s the University’s job to develop the whole student and it’s a part of Eagle excellence to think globally and develop the whole student,” said Doxey. “I think it has provided a space where students can feel comfortable, but it is a reminder that we still have a ways to go.” The center’s work goes beyond its own walls. On Sept. 28 at 8 a.m., the LGBTA Resource Center will participate in a 5K walk for the North Carolina Pride Celebration. The center is located in the lower level of the Alfonso Elder Student Union, room G36. Office hours are not yet set.

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Beyond NCCU

Campus Echo WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 2013





SEA CHANGE CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 creatures — and that wasn’t expected for 25 years. The problem: When carbon dioxide mixes with water, it takes on a corrosive power that erodes some animals’ shells or skeletons. It also robs the water of ingredients animals use to grow shells in the first place. New science shows ocean acidification also can bedevil fish and the animals that eat them, from sharks to whales and seabirds. Shifting sea chemistry can cripple the reefs where fish live, rewire fish brains and attack what fish eat. Those changes pose risks for food supplies, from the fillets used in McDonald’s fish sandwiches to the crab legs sold at seafood markets. Both are brought to the world by a Northwest fishing industry that nets half the nation’s catch. Sea-chemistry changes are coming as the oceans also warm, and that’s expected to frequently amplify the impacts. This transformation — once not expected until the end of the century — will be well underway, particularly along the West Coast, before today’s preschoolers reach middle age. “I used to think it was kind of hard to make things in the ocean go extinct,” said James Barry, of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute in California. “But this change we’re seeing is happening so fast it’s almost instantaneous. I think it might be so important that we see large levels, high rates of extinction.” Globally, the world can arrest much of the damage by bringing down CO2 emissions soon. But the longer it takes, the more permanent these changes become. “There’s a train wreck coming and we are in a position to slow that down and make it not so bad,” said Stephen Palumbi, a professor of evolutionary and marine biology at Stanford University. “But if we don’t start now, the wreck will be enormous.” The country isn’t doing much about it. Combined nationwide spending on acidification research for eight federal agencies, including grants to university scientists by the National Science Foundation, totals about $30 million a year _ less than the annual budget for the coastal Washington city of Hoquiam, population 10,000. The federal government has spent more some years just studying sea lions in Alaska. Species’ reaction to high CO2 can vary dramatically. Acidification can kill baby abalone and some crabs, deform squid and weaken brittle stars while making it tough for corals to grow. It tends to increase sea grasses, which can be good, and boost the toxicity of red tides, which is not. It makes many creatures less resilient to heavy metal pollution. Roughly a quarter of organisms studied by researchers in laboratories actually do better in high CO2. Another quarter seem unaffected. But entire marine systems are built around the remaining half of susceptible plants and animals. “Yes, there will be winners and losers, but the winners will mostly be the weeds,” said Ken Caldeira, a climate expert at Stanford’s Carnegie Institution for Science, who helped popularize the term ocean acidification. Many species, from sea urchins to abalone, do show some capacity to adapt to high CO2. But they may not have time. “It’s almost like an arms race,” said Gretchen Hofmann, a marine biologist at the University of California, Santa Barbara. “We can see that the potential for rapid evolution is there. The question is, will

the changes be so rapid and extreme that it will outstrip what they’re capable of?” Already, the oceans have grown 30 percent more acidic since the dawn of the industrial revolution _ 15 percent since the 1990s. By the end of this century, scientists predict, seas may be 150 percent more acidic than they were in the 18th century. In fact, the current shift has come so quickly that scientists five years ago saw chemical changes off the U.S. West Coast that hadn’t been expected for half a century. Meanwhile, the Arctic and Antarctic are shifting even more rapidly because deep, cold seas absorb more CO2. The West Coast has seen consequences sooner because strong winds draw its CO2-rich water to the surface where vulnerable shellfish live. Sea chemistry in the Northwest already is so bad during some windy periods that it kills young oysters in Washington’s Willapa Bay. In less than 40 years, scientists predict, half the West Coast’s surface waters will be that corrosive every day. These chemical changes threaten to reduce the variety of life in the sea. In six trips to Papua New Guinea, Fabricius was surprised to see sea cucumbers and urchins living near the carbon-dioxide vents, but shrimp and crab were almost nonexistent. She saw fewer hard corals than on healthy reefs nearby, and only 8 percent as many soft corals. Reefs were less intricate, offering fewer places for animals to hide. Sea grasses flourished but were less diverse. There was twice as much fleshy algae. Corals, she said “are suffering, and they are incredibly important.” And study after study shows the same thing — the more reefs collapse and fleshy algae spreads, the more fish simply disappear. That loss comes at a price. One-sixth of animal protein consumed by humans comes from marine fish _ in some cultures nearly all of it. Fish also account for threequarters of the money made from ocean catches. Yet reefs are just one way shifting ocean chemistry can harm fish. In 2007, American biologist Danielle Dixson, then a graduate student at Australia’s James Cook University, was studying the important ways clownfish use their noses to navigate the ocean. Then she bumped into James Cook professor Philip Munday. Munday had been trying to see if carbon dioxide hurt fish. The pair decided, on a whim, to see if CO2 altered how fish use their noses. Their findings were a shock. Exposed to high CO2, the fish lost their ability to distinguish among odors. Since clownfish use smell to stay safe, the scientists then exposed baby fish in highCO2 water to bigger fish that eat young clownfish. Normal clownfish always avoided the danger. The exposed fish lost all fear. They swam straight at predators. Over the next few years, scientists learned CO2 changed many reef fishes’ senses and behaviors: their sight, hearing, the propensity to turn left or right. Most important, that caused them to die two to five times more often. Last year, researchers figured out why. Elevated CO2 disrupts brain signaling in a manner common among many fish. The clownfish story, in other words, was no longer just about clownfish. And brain damage is not even the biggest threat to commercial fish. All over the ocean, usually too small to see, flutter beautiful, nearly seethrough creatures called pteropods, also known as sea

butterflies. Scientists have known for years that plummeting ocean pH later this century would begin to burn through their shells. But they were alarmed late in 2012 when researchers announced that pteropods in Antarctica were dissolving already in waters less corrosive than those often found off Washington and Oregon. That matters because birds, fish and mammals, from pollock to whales, feast on this abundant ocean snack. Pteropods make up half the diet of baby pink salmon and get eaten by other fish, such as herring, that then get swallowed by larger animals. And so little ocean monitoring is done of creatures at the bottom of the marine food chain, there’s no telling yet if other plankton species are experiencing changes, too. So, to understand the future of the marine food web, government computer modelers have been studying how sea-chemistry changes could reverberate through the ocean. Their initial results, looking at just the U.S. West Coast, are disturbing. “Right now, for acidification in particular,” said Isaac Kaplan, a NOAA researcher in Seattle, “the risks look pretty substantial.” Kaplan’s early work projects potentially significant declines in sharks, skates and rays, some types of flounder, rockfish and sole, and Pacific whiting, also known as hake, the most frequently caught commercial fish off the coast of Washington, Oregon and California. “Some species will go up, some species will go down,” said Phil Levin, ecosystems leader for NOAA’s Northwest Fisheries Science Center in Seattle. “On balance, it looks to us like most of the commercially caught fish species will go down.” ___ ON THE WEB To view the entire SeaChange project, go to






Wealth gap continues to expand Top 1% see income growth of 31% since recession hit, bottom 99% see less than 1% growth in income


If you feel you’re falling behind in the income race, it's not just your imagination. The wealth gap between the top 1 percent and the bottom 99 percent in the United States is as wide as it’s been in nearly 100 years, a new study finds. For starters, between 1993 and 2012, the real incomes of the 1 percent grew 86.1 percent, while those of the 99 percent grew 6.6 percent, according to the study, based on Internal Revenue Service statistics examined by economists at

UC Berkeley, the Paris School of Economics and Oxford University. The top 1 percent is defined as families with incomes above $394,000 in 2012. The Great Recession hit the top 1 percent harder than other income groups, but the wealthy recovered quicker too. From 2009 to 2012, as the U.S. economy improved, incomes of the top 1 percent grew more than 31 percent, while the incomes of the 99 percent grew 0.4 percent — less than half a percentage point. “This implies that the top 1 percent incomes captured just over two-thirds

of the overall economic growth of real incomes per family over the period 1993-2012,” economist Emmanuel Saez of UC Berkeley writes. The 1929 stock market crash that preceded the Great Depression, followed by World War II, reduced an earlier national income gap for decades. But it began to grow again in the 1970s, and has widened since. Saez attributes the trend not just to technology and job outsourcing, but to the reduced power of progressive tax policies and unions, along with “changing social norms regarding pay inequality.”







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18, 2013





Photography by Robert Lewis, story by Jamar Negron

Odd Future’s rapper Earl Sweatshirt pumps up the audience at the beginning of his set at the Lincoln Theatre.

A street performer plays soprano sax at the corner of Fayetteville Street and East Martin Street in Raleigh.

Greenville, S.C. hip hop artist Alpoko Don finishes his set at the Lincoln Theatre.

s the rapper Alpoko Don’s gruff voice sifts through the audience, the crowd cheers. “Turn up!” he shouts, and begins his set. Accompanied with nothing but a microphone and a wide table, Alpoko Don begins a soulful, syncopated beat with his left hand. He begins to rap in a low, raspy Southern drawl that sways the audience.


Grammy Award winner Big Daddy Kane gets the crowd involved at Lincoln Theatre.

Alpoko Don is one of many artists who captivated crowds in the bars dotting the urban landscape of downtown Raleigh for the Hopscotch Music Festival, Sept. 5-7. Thousands came to see old favorites and new acts, both local and nationally known, as Raleigh, which briefly became a mecca for music connoisseurs and eager-eyed partygoers. Launched in 2010, the Hopscotch Music Festival hosted 130

bands in 10 venues. Its creator, Greg Lowenhagen, said he believed that the Triangle area was ready to support a large music festival that featured an array of talents. Three years later, the 2013 Hopscotch music festival hosted 175 bands in 15 venues. Hopscotch has gained acclaim in national publications

n See HOPSCOTCH Page 9

Local Natives fuel bright lights and indie rock vibe at Memorial Auditorium.

A street performer across the street from Busy Bee and Kings, two venues for the Hopscotch Festival.

Working without a set list, Earl Sweatshirt asks the crowd what they want to hear next.

Local Natives, a Los Angeles-based indie rock group, played Memorial Auditorium. The group is known for its Afro-pop guitar style and hyperactive drumming.

Audience at Memorial Auditorium listens intently to Los Angeles band Local Natives in downtown Raleigh.


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Campus Echo WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 2013





From 1919 to 1929, America witnessed the “New Negro” replace the “Old Negro.” During the decade that would come to be known as the Harlem Renaissance, several key artists made their mark on American culture: dramatist Langston Hughes, sculptor Augusta Savage, singer Ella Fitzgerald and black nationalist Marcus Garvey, to name a few. N.C. Central University Art Museum Director Kenneth Rodgers discussed the beginnings of the Harlem Renaissance and the impact of its visual artists in his lecture “Harlem Renaissance: New Negro Visual Artists” on Sunday Sept. 15 at the Museum of Art in Raleigh. According to Rodgers, the Harlem Renaissance created a need for “giving recognition to African Americans who hadn’t been given recognition before.” However, artists’ recognition was a result of many characters behind the scenes. “The Renaissance could not have happened without the participation of a number of key players,” Rodgers said. One man whom Rodgers said played a “seminal role” in the growth for the Harlem Renaissance was writer Alain Locke. “Alain Locke was a visionary, and is generally considered to be the cultural aesthetician of the

Augusta Savage was a Harlem Renaissance sculptor and activist. Courtesy of the Archives of American Art

This journal cover was illustrated by Harlem Renaissance artist Aaron Douglas. Courtesy of

Harlem Renaissance,” Rodgers said. He said Alain Locke’s anthology of black art titled “The New Negro: An Interpretation of Negro Life” gave vision to the Harlem Renaissance. He said the efforts of two foundations were crucial to the Harlem Renaissance’s success.

One was the Barnes Foundation, founded by American physician Albert C. Barnes. The Barnes Foundation financed black artists and gave them opportunities to participate in exhibitions. Rodgers said that the second foundation, founded by William E. Harmon, was essential to black artists’ success in the Harlem

Renaissance. “In the entire history of African American participation in the visual arts, no single organization has had as great an impact as the Harmon Foundation,” Rodgers said. “Many of the artists whose names are well known today were given an opportunity to exhibit by

the Harmon Foundation.” He said both Harmon and Barnes, wealthy white men, were influenced by their early life interactions with blacks. Literary magazines and academic journals — like the journal “Opportunity: A Journal of Negro Life” — created by black writers were also often illustrated by black artists, giving them more recognition. Several artists and their stylistic contributions to the Harlem Renaissance were discussed. One artist included Aaron Douglas, who Rodgers said some called the “dean of African American artists.” Douglas infused African American imagery with abstract geometric design. He illustrated many magazines for artists such as Langston Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston. He also mentioned Malvin Gray Johnson, the youngest member of the Harlem Renaissance. Rodgers said Johnson “introduced a novel stylistic approach to his art,” incorporating the early 20th Century art style of cubism into his work. Rodgers said that had he lived longer, it is believed that he would have become a large contributor to American art. Rodgers said contemporaries do not consider “revisionist history” of the Harlem Renaissance. He said Harlem Renaissance was “a phenomenon that doesn’t get the attention that it should.” “It was an anomaly. It’s something that will never happen again.”


Left: Chef Twitty turns and seasons BBQ ribs with an eager and hungry audience behind him. Right: A costumed cook coats oxtails in seasoning and flour for an authentic African-American cuisine experience. JADE JACKSON/Echo staff reporter

There were some uncomfortable on-lookers. Audience members called out questions: “Do you think it was really so horrible for the slaves?” “Are you still angry?” “Don’t you think it might be time to move on and stop bringing this [slavery] up?” Costumed volunteer Jason Gordon, carving an intricately patterned wood walking stick, had responses ready: “I think slavery showed the dark part of America’s past, but it is real. “I am proud of my ancestors.” Gordon explained the many successes of African Americans in spite of being enslaved. “Knowing the history of my country is necessary in order to move on,” he said. “If we don’t acknowledge the reality and continue to educate our young people, then we are doing them a disservice as well as America. “Am I Angry?” he repeated. “Why … should I be angry? No, I’m not angry, I’m proud. Look at all we’ve accomplished in spite of the things we’ve been through. I’m proud. “Now that I know my history I’m able to be less angry.” Chef Michael Twitty was hit with less aggressive questions as he stood around the barbecue pit turning and seasoning his

ribs. Many of the questions asked of him revolved around the food. “The food is the vehicle, but I season it with the discussion of slavery,” Twitty said. “Most people enjoy eating. This makes the topic and truths of slavery easier to digest. “This wasn’t a food event. This was a celebration of life and survival,” he said. “I grew up during the high point of Afro-centricism, so if it doesn’t move us [African-Americans] to the next level I’m not interested in it.”. And his frank discussions with the diverse crowd underscored this philosophy. “Either we keep all history or we give up all history,” Twitty said in response to inquiries about dwelling on the history of slavery. “There is a Hebrew saying on the Jewish scripts that means ‘never forget always educate’ and that’s the way I feel about our American history.” According to Gordon, Twitty and N.C. Central University history graduate Jessie Eustice, it is a testament to African-Americans’ strength and ability to overcome the injustice and degradation of slavery. Based on skill and strength, Africans were able to design, construct and

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My pappy and my mammy belonged to Marse Ephram Hart. One day Marse Hart took some of his niggers to de slave market an’ my pappy was took along too. When he was put on de block an’ sold Marse Paul Cameron bought him. Den Marse Mart felt so sorry to think he done let my pappy be sold dat he tried to buy him back from Marse Paul, an’ offered him more den Marse Paul paid for him. But Marse Paul said, “No, Suh. I done bought him an’ I want det nigger myself an’ I am goin’ take him home wid me to Snow Hill farm. Pappy married my mammy an’ raised a family on Marse Paul’s plantation. We had to be eight years ole before we ‘gun to work. I tended de chickens an’ turkeys an’ sech. I helped tend de other stock too as I growed older, an’ do anything else dat I was tole to do. ... When I got bigger I helped den wid de thrashin’ de wheat .. When de war started der wuz some bad times. De captain of de Yankees come to mammy’s cabin an’ axed her whar de meat house an’ flour an’ sech at. She tole him dat Pappy had de keys to go an’ ax him. “Ax him nothin’”, de captain said. He called some of his mens an’ dey broke down de door to de meat house. Den dey trowed out plenty of dose hams an’ dey tole mammy to cook dem somethin’ to eat and plenty of it. Mammy fried plenty of dat ham an’ made lots of bread an’ fixed dem coffee. How dey did eat! Dey wuz jus’ as nice as dey could be to Mammy an’ when dey wuz through, dey told Mammy dat she could have de rest , an’ de captain gave her some money an’ he tole her dat she wuz free, dat we didn’ belong to Marse Paul no Longer. Dey didn’ do any harm to de place. Dey wuz jus’ looking for somethin’ to eat. Den dey left. We didn’ leave Marse Paul but stayed on an’ lived wid him for many years. I lived wid Marse Paul ‘til he died an’ he done selected eight of us niggers to tote his coffin to de chapel, an’ de buryin’ groun’. He said, “I want dese niggers to carry my body to de chapel an’ de grave when I die”. We did. ... We lifted him up an’ toted him to de chapel an’ we sat down on de floor, on each side of de coffin, while de preacher preached de funeral sermon.” CY HART FORMER SLAVE AT THE STAGVILLE PLANTATION INTERVIEWED AT THE AGE OF 78 AS A SLAVE NARRATIVES FROM THE FEDERAL WRITERS PROJECT, 1936-1938


Campus Echo WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 2013







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Faculty shows some soul

Recital allowed faculty to loosen up and show off their musical skills BY LEAH MONTGOMERY ECHO A&E EDITOR

On Sept. 6, Edwards Music Building opened its doors for a special faculty recital. The recital was free and open to the public who readily showed their support. Richard Banks, assistant professor and director of choral activities, was the key performer that night. His vocal training is in choral baritone performance. Accompanying Banks was visiting instructor, Ed Paolantonio, who specializes in piano performance. He accompanied Banks on the twenty-two compositions that made up the two-part performance. Banks earned his B.M.E. at Lincoln University in Missouri. He furthered his education with graduate studies at the University of Illinois at Carbondale. Banks finished his studies at the University of Michigan in Ann Harbor with a Master’s Degree. Having taught music and choral classes at elementary, middle and high school levels, Banks went on to teach at universities, colleges and national programs. Banks’ extensive work in the higher education realm spans from The State University of New York, Knoxville College, Talladega College, St. Augustine College and Voorhees College. Banks has held membership in a number of choral organizations/events such as the African American Heritage Choral festival, the Inter Collegiate Music Association (IMA), the ACHE Choral festival, the National Association of Teachers of Singing and the National Association of Negro

Richard Banks and Elvira Green performed the Jazz piece“All Right, Ok” at a special faculty recital. LEAH MONTGOMERY/Echo A&E editor

Musicians. Banks now serves as the director of N.C. Central University’s Operatorio Performance Ensemble. At the start of the performance, the speaker, Elvira Green, set the presence for the evening. Her strong, clear diction captured the audience’s attention and prepared them for the succeeding events. Of Banks, Green said, “He hopes you will find the experience worthwhile.” Banks began the evening with an expressive Italian Art number that seemed to catch the crowd off guard. He then followed it with a somber Negro Spiritual, filled with emotion and soul.

Banks’ performance varied in content including Italian Art, American Art Songs, German Lieder, Jazz/Blues, Sacred Duets, Soul/Pop, French Melodies, Rock, Broadway, Gospel Ballads, Oratorios and a Calypso-work song. Each number contained the expressions, tones and melodies needed to sway the emotions of the audience. An especially crowd-pleasing piece was a Jazz/Blues number titled “All Right, Ok.” Banks sang this piece in duet with Green, pulling the audience to the edges of their seats. People in the audience were snapping their fingers,


Hip hop legend Big Daddy Kane performed at Lincoln Theatre on the second night of the Hopscotch festival. ROBERT LEWIS/Echo staff reporter

including the New York Times and Rolling Stone. Music acts ranged from the dark, intricate lyricism of rap artists like Earl Sweatshirt to the dreamy harmonies and airy melodies of indie bands like Local Natives. Even old-school legend and rap icon Big Daddy Kane graced the stage, among a swath of local bands that have yet to be discovered by the mainstream. Philip Pledger, lead singer for the WinstonSalem based band Estrangers, said he enjoyed the atmosphere and energy of the festival. “It was awesome, it was a great time,” Pledger said. “There’s a real positive energy about the whole thing.”

He said that the dense concentration of acts in a city like Raleigh is one thing that makes the festival so attractive. Brooklyn native Brian Britt, in Raleigh visiting family, also said that close proximity of so many shows contributes to the festival’s success. “I’ve never been to [a music festival] with so many venues,” he said. Britt said he was excited to see a favorite band of his, the nationally acclaimed Local Natives, play at the Memorial Auditorium. “I’ve listened to them for a while. It was good to see them at a smaller venue,” Britt said. Ryan Spencer, Frontman for Detroit-based band Jamaican Queens, said he was excited to perform at

the festival, which he described as “energetic.” “I like how hectic it gets. It makes it like a wash of emotions,” Spencer said. Local spectator Erik Loomis said that energy was a main component and, more specifically for Hopscotch, the gathering of several bands in Raleigh has special benefits for the city. “There’s a big variety. It brings downtown together,” Loomis said. Pledger said that there’s “always things to discover” at Hopscotch, and that the festival does a good job of bringing together a mass of talent into one town. “There’s a lot of bands in the state,” he said. “It’s awesome to have a festival that’s stacked from top to bottom with talent.”

jumping from their chairs and whistling their lips to the jive tunes that filled the room. Banks and Green gave a small dance number to accompany the duet. After wrapping up the piece, Banks invited the audience to a comical relief. “I’m dry like a leaf. I’m too old for this,” said Banks. Paolantonio has also had a successful career in performing, arranging and composing Jazz music since 1971. He has toured internationally and performed with some of Jazz’s greatest artists including Dizzie Gillespie, Clark Terry, Lee Konitz, Emily Remler, Curtis Fuller, Jimmy Heath and Slide Hampton.

Paolantonio earned his BS in Music Education from SUNY. He later moved to NC to attain an MM in performance from U.N.C-Chapel Hill. He was a three-year NC Artist in Residence and a teacher of Jazz history and improvisation at N.C. State University, Elon College, Duke University, and UNC-CH. Banks closed the program with a Broadway rendition of “Make Them Hear You.” Banks’ final notes to the crowd captured the essence of his career. “I don’t do this for faculty. I don’t do this for myself. I do it for the students.”

STAGVILLE CONTINUED FROM PAGE 8 maintain the foundations of the Americas. Eustice works at Historic Stagville for a few hours each weekend as a tour guide and intern. Eustice shows her deep appreciation of American history by sharing that knowledge with plantation visitors. “We need to be honest about slavery in this country,” Eustice said. “Honesty is necessary in order to create a better world.” As a historian, Eustice eschews speculation, arming herself instead with dates, public records and written letters before presenting any details to the public. “My own family had a history of enslaving people,” she said. “I have to deal with that truth, and understanding that has made me a better person. “I am able to separate my viewpoint from that of my ancestors; I am able to think differently from the way my ancestors thought. “I think that the reason we have such a divided Congress right now is because there are people that don’t want to deal with the realities of slavery,” Eustice said. “So in a way [working at Stagville Plantation] is my political statement.” Stagville Plantation, established in 1776, had 900 slaves. The plantation was owned by Richard Bennehan, then by his son Thomas Bennehan, then by Thomas Bennehan Jr. and lastly to the most well-known owner, Thomas Jr.’s nephew, Paul Cameron. The resounding sentiment of the volunteers and interns at Stagville is pride. Volunteers’ enthusiasm for African-American ancestry afforded every attendee a heightened awareness of America’s strength.


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Campus Echo WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 2013



Eagles flying high with Reid Senior quarterback Jordan Reid has all the qualities to lead NCCU to a MEAC championship BY



Ask any football coach on any level what qualities make a good quarterback and he will say a quarterback must keep a level head no matter what happens during the game. That’s exactly what N.C. Central University got when they named Jordan Reid their starter early in the 2012 season. Reid, who transferred to NCCU from Winston-Salem State University following the 2009 season, always seems in control when he’s under the center and believes that’s how every quarterback should carry himself. “I’m just calm, cool and collected,” said Reid. “That’s how you have to be at the quarterback position to play at this level.” In the Eagles home opener against St. Augustine, Reid seemed to put the team on his back and carry them to victory in a double-overtime thriller. With 2:34 remaining in regulation, Reid put together a 10-play drive, completing 6 of 8 passes capped off by a touchdown pass to redshirt sophomore Adrian Wilkins with 29 seconds remaining.

Senior quarterback Jordan Reid scrambles for a first down in the Eagles’ home opener against St. Augustine Sept. 7. TEVIN STINSON/Echo sports editor

“There was no pressure honestly. I just tell the guys take it game by game and we’ll be fine,” said Reid. In the first overtime, St.

Augustine scored first when AJ Gilford completed a 25yard touchdown pass to Jermaine Jones. Down by a touchdown, Reid again drove

the Eagles into Falcon territory and scrambled into the end zone to send the game into a second overtime. Reid wasn’t done yet. In

Titans take over NCCU Durham Titans call O’Kelly-Riddick Stadium home BY



Last weekend when the Eagles of N.C. Central University traveled to Charlotte, the Durham Titans, took over O’Kelly Riddick Stadium. The Titans are part of the Piedmont Youth Football Association, established to promote the wholesome development of youth through their association with adult leaders in football. Football is one of many programs provided by John Avery Boys and Girls Club, the only Boys and Girls Club in North Carolina that offers a tackle football program. Greg Greene, unit director/football coordinator for John Aver y and an NCCU alumni, is excited about giving the kids an opportunity to play in a college stadium complete with the trappings of Division I football at such an early age. “I didn’t even get to play on the turf when I played here, so to have kids as young as 5 play in a college stadium is awesome,” said Greene. Program director Arielle Williams has seen the program change the lives of many kids. “It’s important for us and this community to get the word out about the many opportunities we have here

the second overtime, he set up a game-winning field goal when he completed a 14-yard pass to sophomore running back Idreis Augustus.

Cruising to victory in the Queen City BY



Players from the Durham Titans Cadet division go through blocking drills during a recent practice. TEVIN STINSON/Echo sports editor

for the kids,” Williams said. Before coming to practice, volunteers and coaches make sure their players finish their homework. John Avery supplies buses bring students to club, where they get homework assistance and tutoring. To get a feel for the turf, the Titans practice on the field just outside O’KellyRiddick Stadium Tuesday through Thursday from 6:30 to 8:30. The Titans are separated into four divisions: Tiny Mite (7 and under), Cadet (8-

10), Jr. Pee Wee (11-12) and Pee Wee (13). All participants pay a fee of $80, which includes all jerseys and equipment needed for game day. Included in the fee is a year membership to the Boys and Girls Club and access to all programs at John Avery. “A lot of these kids have never been off their side of Durham,” said Greene. “So to do this for them on this turf field is good enough, but getting them to Florida to play for a national championship would be off

the scales, and that’s our goal.” John Aver y Boy’s and Girls Club is located at 808 E. Pettigrew St. and is currently looking for volunteers to help with the Titans and a number of programs offered at the club. For more information about the Boys and Girls Club or about volunteering contact program director Arielle Williams at

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Reid finished the game completing 24 of 43 pass attempts for 253 yards and two touchdowns. He also added 45 rushing yards and another touchdown in the Eagles’ first victory of the season. Interim head coach Dwayne Foster, who has been with the Eagles program since 2011, has seen Reid mature into a leader on and off the football field. “He has taken that leadership role and put it on his shoulders,” said Foster. “We’re excited that we have him and we are full steam ahead with Jordan as our quarterback.” Just three games into the season, Reid has compiled more than 500 yards passing, in addition to 140 rushing yards. Reid is 13th on the Eagles all-time single season passing yards list and holds the single-season record for completion percentage with 62.3 percent but wants to add a MEAC championship to his record before he graduates. “I want a championship; I also want to become the first MEAC team to win a playoff game,” said Reid. “That’s been my goal since I got here.”

N.C. Central University made easy work of UNC Charlotte last weekend. The Eagles cruised to a 4013 victory over the 49ers in front of a packed house of more than 16,000 at Jerry Richardson Stadium. Behind some sturdy defense, the Eagles were able to hold the 49ers to their lowest scoring output of the season and hand them the first loss in program history. The Eagles forced seven turnovers in the contest, bringing their season total to 12 in only three games. Interim head coach Dwayne Foster said he was pleased with the defense and hopes it continues to create good field position for the offense. “The defense was outstanding,” said Foster. “Their effort was unbelievable, getting turnovers and putting us in good field position.” Junior Sayyid Muhammad led the way for the Eagles defense, recording a team-high 10 tackles. Junior linebacker Tiron Guion also had a productive day on the field. He

added nine tackles, two forced fumbles and a fumble recovery for the Eagles. The offense got off to a slow start but seemed to ignite during the start of the second half. Redshirt sophomore Adrian Wilkins broke into the NCCU record books with a 100-yard kickoff return for a touchdown. The return by Wilkins was the second longest in school history and put the Eagles ahead 13-0. After the game, Wilkins said he was excited about his play but still believes the best is yet to come. “I’m very proud of myself,” said Wilkins. “I think I could have scored a few more but I’m proud of what I did out there today.” Idries Augustus led the way for the Eagles offense, ending the day with 80 yards rushing and two touchdowns. Senior quarterback Jordan Reid continued his consistent play, completing 14 of 23 passes for 178 yards, while picking up an additional 29 yards with his legs. Saturday, the Eagles will host nationally ranked Towson University at 2 p.m.

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Serving N.C. Central University If we don’t have it, we will get it. If we can’t get it, it’s probably not worth having! We have the best prices on Earth. We do custom orders. And we deliver on occasion! Marvin Bass, Owner 2501 Fayetteville St. Durham, NC 27707

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Campus Echo WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 2013



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Campus Echo WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 2013


The smoker’s struggle


hen you turn 18 you want the world to know you have finally reached adulthood. You are given the right to join the armed services, go to clubs, purchase “adult movies,” get your non-restricted license and, of course, buy tobacco products. Automatically, Angel you do one of the Brown things. A lot of my senior classmates in high school chose to get a tattoo or a piercing, and go out for the first time. I chose to get my tongue pierced and buy a Black & Mild. I honestly don’t know why I felt compelled to buy it, considering that neither of my parents smoke.

But I did, and I regret it greatly today. Now, I am fortunately not sick. I do not have cancer or any of the problems the Truth commercials foreshadow your future health state will be as a smoker. But I definitely don’t want to wait till I am diagnosed with any illness, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema), coronary heart disease, periodontitis, or esophageal, laryngeal, lung, oral, throat, cervical, kidney, stomach and pancreatic cancers. There are no health benefits to smoking, just a stress outlet and a weak way to deal with life’s struggles. Trust me, we smokers all know that this is not a healthy stress reliever. But the sad thing is, the habit is so strong that common sense is commonly overlooked.

In all sincerity, common sense is overlooked in a lot of illogical things. When you look at it, there are no health benefits in drinking, with the exception of a glass of wine a day. I’ll have a “confessions” moment with you all: I’ve been smoking for 8 years now. And I desperately want to quit. Some of you will read this and say, “It’s not that serious, just quit.” So how many times have you drunk and had a hangover, swearing and praying over the porcelain statue that you would never drink again? My point is: it’s not that easy. When you smoke, it’s a routine. Wake up in the morning and get ready for work or class, smoke on the way. Eat lunch, smoke after. Break, smoke. I promise, if you work at a call center, you probably started smoking while working

there. Had a good day, smoke. Social drinking, smoke. Someone hit your car, smoke. The bank put $50 dollars in your account by accident; you buy a pack of cigarettes. It’s real sad, I know. As I was finishing this article at work, one of the producers announced, “Teri Hall died Monday at the age of 53.” To refresh your memory, Teri Hall is the woman from one of those graphic Truth commercials. She puts her teeth in her mouth, her wig on and a scarf around her neck to cover the hole from her voice box. I don’t want to die at 53. I want to live for as long as possible. So I’m re-evaluating my health and I vow to make the full effort into quitting. I encourage my fellow Eagles who struggle with this addiction to do so too.

drawing by Rashaun Rucker

Sound Off via @twitter By Ciera’ Harris

Question: What needs to be improved on campus? “Communication. It seems as though we get emails about insignificant things but we're never told about things that affect us most.“

D*mn I luh dem skrippas


izhani. Jhonni Blaze. Flawless Fruit. Maliah. Strippers have become idols in the hip hop community. Rappers and drug dealers have no problem spending thousands of dollars to watch a pretty woman perform tricks on a pole. These days, Ciera’ strippers are Harris actually going on tour to strip clubs around the country. They have fans and admirers, some of whom go harder than Beyoncé stans (& y’all know how the Beyhive can be about their Queen). No, I ain’t hatin’ -- actually I commend these women. Strippers are usually looked upon as promiscuous women, desperate for attention. I ain’t gonna lie. When I first watched Player’s Club I assumed that strippers were classless and messy.

People assume that these women have no morals or selfrespect. I beg to differ. Strippers embrace sex appeal and confidence. It takes true courage to present yourself in front a crowd of horny men (and sometimes women) with almost nothing on and put on a show, hoping to make enough to pay your rent for the next month. I do enjoy watching strippers. It’s an art form. If you go to a decent strip club, these women are stunning and their bodies are amazing. They’re aesthetically perfect. It’s like a Cirque du Soleil show. Some of the tricks these women do have me in awe. It’s an exciting experience. Now if you head down to Diamond Girls in Durham you’ll see a few who look like they’ve delivered a FEW children and been in a of couple fights (but that’s a different article for a different day). But I’ve met a few strippers,

and outside the club you’d never know what they did from 11 p.m. to 4 a.m. They’re college students, mothers and sales associates. They just use stripping as a means of making money. It’s not illegal to be a stripper. They have to file taxes just like we do. Actually, I think stripping is a harder job than most 9-to-5s. First off, you have to ALWAYS keep yourself up. You can’t go to work looking any kind of way like us regular folk sometimes do. A raggedy-looking stripper makes no money. Makeup has to be right. Those outfits aren’t cheap. And the cost of that 30- inch Brazilian can be astronomical (unless they’ve got a weave connect). Think about having to climb that pole every night. I watched a stripper climb a 10-foot pole and make it look like a piece of cake. I can barely do a pull-up without screaming out for

Jesus. You know when you have a slow night at McDonald’s, where hardly anyone orders anything and you’re just standing around bored as h#$%? You still get your hourly wage, right? Well, strippers don’t have that luxury. They have a slow night, they don’t make any money. As I’ve gotten older, I’ve grown to appreciate strippers. These women bring fantasies to life. They deserve to be treated with respect just like the rest of us. It’s girls on this campus who…….nvm. All I’m saying is, strippers should not be judged because of their chosen occupation. Hell, the good ones are making close to six figures or more. I watched a stripper in Charlotte rack up $1,500 in ten minutes. If using what you got is getting you what you want, go ’head, girl!


“Computers. I always have printing issues and they are very slow.” -@King_Elz

“NCCU needs to improve on their parking!” – @Ronny_Bravo919

Letter to the editor Football parking hinders ed access Dear Editor, I am writing to complain about the lack of access to campus on weekends when there is a home

football game. I have a class on Saturdays that starts at 9 a.m. Today, I was prepared to pay to park in the parking deck on Lawson Street, just like I always do. However, Lawson Street was

closed and the parking deck was completely empty. And an NCCU police officer was rude to me about it. While I understand that football games are important to the University financially, I pay tuition

to NCCU to come to class and get an education ... not to go to football games. I also pay to park in a parking deck that was completely empty. As it stands right now, football games are hindering my access to an education that I am paying for.

Are students just not supposed to study or go to class on football weekends? I hope to hear about some changes soon. Sincerely , Rebecca Pigg


Campus Echo Alex Sampson, Editor-in-Chief

Monique Lewis Jamar Negron Ciera’ Harris Leah Montgomery Tevin Stinson Ebony Thornton Alex Ofosu Brandon Wright Tiara Jones Jade Jackson Greg Weaver Jhordan “Jaguar” Perry Bobby Faison

Assistant Editor Assistant Editor Opinions Editor A&E Editor & Social Media Editor Sports Editor Staff Reporter Staff Reporter Staff Reporter Video/Multimedia Staff Photographer Staff Photographer Cartoonist Cartoonist

Faculty Advisor - Dr. Bruce dePyssler Alumni Advisers - Mike Williams, Sheena Johnson

Letters & Editorials The Echo welcomes letters and editorials. Letters to the editor should be less than 350 words. Editorials should be about 575 words. Include contact information. The Echo reserves the right to edit contributions for clarity, vulgarity, typos and miscellaneous grammatical gaffs. Opinions published in the Echo do not necessarily reflect those of the Echo editorial staff. E-mail: Web address: Phone: 919 530 7116tFax: 919 530 7991 © NCCU Campus Echo/All rights reserved The Denita Monique Smith Newsroom Room 348, Farrison-Newton Communications Bldg. NCCU, Durham, NC 27707

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