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APA Quick Guide @ Last update: January 11, 2012 th

The following examples are from the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6 ed. or derived from resources in the Camosun College Library. Please see the complete APA Libguide or the APA Publication Manual for further information. This APA guide provides our best interpretation of the APA guidelines for some of the resources (e.g. Course Packs) not included in the APA Publication Manual. If you are uncertain how to cite a resource, check with your instructor, visit the Library Research Help Desk, or contact us at 250-370-3622 at Lansdowne or 250-370-4630 at Interurban.


In-text citation


(Valfre, 2009, p. 5) Print book (Sec. 6.11 APA Publication Manual)

Valfre, M.M. (2009). Foundations of mental health care. St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier.

Page numbers must be included for direct quotations. Page numbers are “encouraged” but not necessary for paraphrased material.

Valfre, M.M. (2009). Foundations of mental health care. Retrieved from Ebook

(Valfre, 2009, p. 5) (Kuah-Pearce, 2008, p. 50)

Edited book (Sec. 6.11 & 6.27 APA Publication Manual)

Kuah-Pearce, K.-E. (Ed.). (2008). Chinese women and the cyberspace. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

If you have referred to the author and/or date in the text of your paper, you do not need to repeat them. (p. 50)

Authored chapter - Edited Book (Sec. 6.27 APA Publication Manual)

Jenkins, G.I. (2008). Nitrates in the human diet. In D.I. Givens (Ed.) Health benefits of organic

Course pack – articles or book chapters

Leibman, B. (2010). Sugar overload: 10 reasons to cut back. In P. McCrodan (Ed.), Health 110:

food (pp. 263-275). Wallingford, UK: CABI.

(Jenkins, 2008, p. 266)

(Leibman, 2010, p. 35)

Health in Today’s World. Course Package: Fall 2010-Winter/Spring 2011, (pp. 35-40). Victoria, BC: Camosun College Bookstore. (Reprinted from Nutrition Action Healthletter 37(1), 3-8.) Olshansky, E. (Guest Ed.), & Prevost, S.S. (Consulting Ed.) (2009). Women's health: Vol.44. Book in a series

Nursing Clinics of North America. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.

(Olshansky, 2009, p. 234)

Mitchell, K., & Johnson, M. (2009). Source monitoring 15 years later: What have we learned from Journal article with DOI, 2 Authors

fMRI about the neural mechanisms of source memory? Psychological Bulletin, 135(4), 638677. doi:10.1037/a0015849

(Mitchell & Johnson, 2009, pp. 645-646)

A retrieval date is not necessary, unless you think the content may change over time. When there is a DOI, then include it. Otherwise, use the journal or publisher homepage. First Parenthetical Citation Journal article without DOI, 3-5 Authors (see Table 6.1, p. 177 of the APA Publication Manual for the various forms of entering multiple authors)

Rummel-Kluge, C., Schuster, T., Peters, S., & Kissling, W. (2008). Partial compliance with

Article from an archival database such as JSTOR (Sec. 6.32 APA Publication Manual)

Kohn, M.L., & Clausen, J. A. (1955). Social isolation and schizophrenia. American Sociological

(Rummel-Kluge, Schuster, Peters & Kissling, 2008, p. 386)

antipsychotic medication in common in patients with schizophrenia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 42(5), 382-388. Retrieved from

Subsequent Citations (Rummel-Kluge et al., 2008, pp. 384-385)

Review, 20, 265-273. Retrieved from

(Kohn & Clausen, 1955, p. 268)

Generally, it is not necessary to include the information about which database your article is from. Bower, B. (2004, November 6). Summer births linked to schizophrenia. Science News, 166(19),

Magazine article

Newspaper article

301. Reid, M.D. (2009, August 14). Nash scores points in Hollywood. Times Colonist, p. A1.

(Bower, 2004, p. 301)

(Reid, 2009, p. A1) Page 2 of 4

Manitoba Schizophrenia Society Inc. (Producer). (2006). Voices of resiliency [DVD]. Canada: DVD, Videotape Emails, interviews, personal communications (Sec. 6.20 APA Publication Manual)

Manitoba Schizophrenia Society Inc.

(Manitoba Schizophrenia Society Inc., 2006)

In an interview, J. S. Smith As most personal communication is not recoverable, you cite in your text only. Do not add to your mentioned… (personal Reference list. communication, July 25, 2011) Croutopia (Producer). (2009, January 04). Jack Kevorkian in Royal Oak 08 and a tribute. [Video


file]. Retrieved from

(Croutopia, 2009)

Zuniga, D., & Barnett, M. (2009, August 10). XML Documentation from code contracts [Video podcast]. Podcast retrieved from


(Zuniga & Barnett, 2009) Szwriter. (2007, December 10). Schizophrenia: The value of realizing risk factors before Blog post

becoming a parent [Web log post]. Retrieved from

(Szwriter, 2007)

Corporate author: Technical or research report - Print

U.S. Department of Education. (2000). Working for children and families: Safe and smart after-

(U.S. Department of Education, 2000, p. 10)

school programs. Washington, DC: Author. Web materials - when you're citing a webpage or document look for the same elements, in the same order, that you need for other sources:      

Is there a personal author? Or a corporate author? (e.g. Health Canada,, etc.) Date of publication or last updated date on page? (when there is no date, use n.d.) The title of the document - if you're citing a webpage then look to the upper blue bar for the title; if you're citing a pdf document then use the title on the document itself Who published/is responsible for the web content? Date you accessed the site, if you think the information could change or disappear Include the complete URL to get you directly to the source/document Page 3 of 4

Web document individual or corporate author (Sec. 6.31-6.32 & 7.11 APA Publication Manual)

Stelzner, M. (2011, April). 2011 Social media marketing industry report: How marketers are using social media to grow their businesses. Retrieved from

(Stelzner, 2011, p. 5) If you don’t have page numbers, then use “para.” to indicate the paragraph where your quote is located.

Webpage within a website Articles found on the web, like the examples here, are not italicized in the reference entry and are not (Sec. 6.31-6.32 & 7.11

italicized but enclosed in quotations in the in-text citation, just like a newspaper or magazine article.

APA Publication Manual) Reports found on the web would be italicized in the reference list (see

To cite an entire website, Author given (personal or coporate): put the URL in the text of your paper only; do not Ligaya, A. (2007, November 21). Is 'excited delirium' at the root of many Taser deaths? CBC News. add an entry in your Reference list. Retrieved from e.g. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation website ( (2011). Compare cell phone rate plans across Canada. Retrieved December

(Ligaya, 2007)

(, 2011)

10, 2011 from Author not given: Osteoporosis drugs raise femur fracture risk. (2011, February 23). CBC News. Retrieved from

("Osteoporosis Drugs," 2011) Unlike citations in the reference list, capitalize all significant



If you need to break up a URL, do it after a slash. Questions or comments? Please contact

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APA quick guide  

Reference list and parenthetical citation examples for some of the more commonly used academic sources.